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The Western Clarion Oct 14, 1905

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...**    f
Published in the Interests of the Working Closs Alone.
Vancouvkr, B. C, Saturday, Octobfr 14,  1905.
as Capital They Afford Their Owners the Means of Holding the Work-
en in Bondage it Starvation Wages.
! following .'liPPed from  an ar-
,,,„,,, Cawcroft, in Fennsyl-
me b\ '
," .   ,,,1,    throws a  flood  ol  light
iieuble     and  of  course
family    arrango-
,,l„.is capital  and   labor
|H per »
fmltted 10
,,,   ,,f  Hrolher   Labor,
!  with      the powerful
-tit*   "'   '"'l        _^_^__-^_K.
LmipllfU-u in  &***** the tluSsk
f    1 ,(,nnitalism.    The enormous
pui-llvo l,ov*
rL.    implements    of production,
allowance of from *'-■ ■•*"•
1. which this llrothcr is
, draw in tho form of
„ ihe family exohei|_sr,
Brother Capital draws
ne source is problematic
llu-t tmsi
id,- sai
l,ly no loss.       Con-
I I       pr-suma    ^^^^^^^^^
lerlng thc arduous duties (Involving
BrothtT   Capital,   as compared
,nh Hie Joyous and lightsome   task
I Brother I.uiior. It  would he   rank
itlrt u|ion the imrt of the latter
my the former at  least an espial
irticipBtlon .n the products of thoir
■joint industry,"
But whal e huge farce this talk
lilun! Capital and Labor ix'ing
Ihcrs" is. No more striking
groof ut th.. mastery of iho former
! the slaver-, 'if the latter could
rjvwi than that furnished by Mr.
•stroft, in In*, article, although it
quite evident ihnl in writing ithe
duo such intention in view. Ho
fWently sol out to show tho rela-
iic superiority of the condition of
He Ameriimi workman over that of
I cousin Blave ,if Britain. What he
1 BUcrecded in showing, however,
lie porfu-l similarity of their con-
iiiuih and their slavery. That
hlih he |i lures of Knglish indus-
Iriw can >,,■ duplicated nnd even
jrsr than lhat,  |n any of the great
•liters   nf   this      western
tho wool sorter— that lndep-.nui.nt
workingman who, like the old-tV-
printer, feels that marhin-ry m.-i-ot
take the place of his nai.l.i That
his wages an- the oqtial of any in a
woollen mill follows us .1 nalt.-r o*
course. Now, lot. us folio v !••:» ll',, e
to oilier parts of the mill. The wool
is washed nnd then it finds its way
lo the comb, Tha man In charge of
the combing machine works from 50
to 66 hours a week, and his compensation ranges from '_<» to 80 shillings. In other words he i.s paid a
weakly wane of from $5 t,> |7, Either in a cotton <>r worsted mill, the
cleansed and combed wool is placed
on the spinning frame. Many young
women are employed at these frames.
The wages in this line of industry
are small, ranging from $2 to SI a
week as an average. The weaving
room is one ,,f the most Interesting
sights nf   un    Knglish   factory    far
there the observer will find a greater number of adults at work, and ns
many of tho men have families dependent upon them the wages ure
necessarily hij^li. Six or seven dollars a week Is a fair estimate of the
weekly swages paid to the weavers of
the Knglish manufacturing districts.
The extent uf those industries may
be gleaned from some figures which
iho writer elicited in official quarters Thore are 8,000,000 spindles
working In Kngland and Scotland in
the production of worsted goods; 2,-
000,000 are producing the material
designated as wool and shoddy; while
there are 48,000,000 spindles in the
cotton factories of England, Another series ol figures tend to sustain
the asset ion that, bailing Pittsburg
■ is a possibility, this is the most
marvellous manufacturing section
,,n  earth.     It   appears that   700,000
looms aro weaving Cotton g'Wids.
in lhe Kingdom; 48,000 looms are
devoted to thc milking ol wool and
shoddy       goods     while   51,000   looms
are employed In producing "ho worsted of the Islands. When ii is recalled, thai over 1,000,000 people are
employed in the factories of thi-district, coupled with Hie statistics as
o th.. number of spindles and shinties, iho reader will have more   than
of this country, the London work
logman is receiving a somewhat larger compensation for his services.
Hut let us leave tho spindles of
Bradford, the lathes of Sheffield and
tho ironworkers of tLceds to walk,
along tho bunks of the Clyde. That
body of water is at once the most remarkable, the most disagreeable, and
most Important in the commercial
life of the nation, of any in tho Un-
ited Kingdom. A narrow stream, it
floats the broadest steamships in ,he
world; naturally a shallow river, the-
Clyde Trust has made such improvements that during tho present year
the largest Cunardor in 'lie world,
will slide olT tho banks, doing down
'he Clyde, the touris, will observe
turbines, (win.screw steamships, war
vessels, propellers, little ships, big
ships and nil manner of crafts, both
,(float and in course of construction.
The shipping of the Clyde, next to
Liverpool, is the largest in tho Kingdom; and tho gross tonnage of Ihe
vessels constructed on the banks of
this Scottish stream exceeds any other port in the world, doing down
the Clyde then- is u rattling of riveting  machines  resembling  the volley
of a company of infantry in battle.
Because this stream maintains a particular branch of industry and in
view of the fact that its continuance
ls essential to tho commercial , -pan-
sion of the Empire, lhe wages paid
thu  men   who  build  the boats     will
form un interesting study.
The abler mechanics and tho men
who do lhe real constructive work,
roc, Ivc from Slo to $14 per week.
These men are regarded as excop-
tionally fortunate; and while the
work is hard, the higher wages paid,
coupled with tho increased "nirchas-
iug ppwer of a dollar as compared
wiiih this country, enables this class
of workingmen to live in comfort.
As a matter of course, Glasgow and
Ihe communities llong tin Civile,
swa-m with men doing odd jobs in
connection with the snipping of the
I oil. The man in charge ol ,he
pleasure craft on which the trip was.
taken, confided that he earned 30
Shillings, or $7.80 a week. He stated that he had a small house which
cost in rent SSI" por month; and thnt.
while his share of tho taxes was
(jiiito heavy, hc was able to live fairly well, as do muny others who obtain no more.
Escapee ScyIII ol Eight Heir Law te Fall lite Chartbdli et Cheap Feel Oil.
■ption oi  this
•hit Tooihione Oelicacy to be Made by Machinery bit Still to be Eaten in the
Sane Old Way.
Till'.  WOOL TKA1.E.
| be ,h:it us n may. England has a
till in ever}   ■>• >rt   in the  world, and
lhe woul and cotton materials are
Liberal, steam  and Mjil  carry     ,lv
Bdiirlnl  fibre   to   'ho  mill   doors    of
lorkahjre and  Lancashire,   Tbe read-
will observe that  tho Knglish fac-
v building is not dissimilar in au-
iiiwe to lhat found in  the  Elasticities oi tins country.   Those who
re some knowledge     of    American
textile Industry,   however,   will   real-
■ upon entering the Knglish factory
at the system of manufacturing   is
taitedifferent.    While the subdivision
|l labor, and lho consequent sj-ccial-
itlon nl industry,  has  been  one of
t common features of the economic
""volution of the century,  that rcvol-
I'lun lias been  manifested  in various
WJ" in tne several nations.       Here
this country  it  has twon the   aim
tl the American manufacturer to take,
- lhe unclean  raw  material  at   one
;'">i nml  in  turn  to  ship  it    direct
1 Lhe purchasers at thc other door.
"til the present day,  that  has   not
sit tho prevalent system in the cot-
>'» and woollen  mills of  the    King-
l°«i.     Today     in Bradford, Leeds,
wnchr-ater and Nottingham,'the ob-
J"r'''- will notice that  the  scouring,
|"-"'liti(- and combing •"'"->' be done in
Be factory  and  under  tho  direction
J'* man who has made a specialty
- 'hm  lirnnch  of     business;     while
weaving    and dying  and     o,h»-r
"Hsning processes  will  engage     the
''" uiul intention of another    mill-
y Is true ,,r the    woollen Indus-
™ applies in  lho same sen*"     to
"" manufacturing of rot ion.    A re-
"'  Hrfilsh   blue  book   states     that
"'"' '"<■ -iW   worsted   mills  In    the
""•"'""i.   having   one and  one-half
.Is "f spinning  spindles,    where
"'»"*: alone  is done;   while    there
1/■"a mills whore weaving     alone
•M particular branch of industry.
'mils,.,     it   must  lie  renw-mliered
.    'he combs and
'"'lay  are
^'ors modernized.     We  who hove
il ih, " '" l",>,U ,,y ,h,! *-,*P»r-'"mc0
ast'i'"'*1'  ',n'' wno have produced
I      I'lnnts  j,,     ,niH  ro„ntry,   where
is token from the board    and
nn,"" """ cloth within     the   same
'lark  i"      m*mt  •*'*■*•'*••••*«*••   'hat  this
'" and minute .division of indus-
w   a   ,'"' traced to tho days when
()  J'''1 ■''''■' 'he wool homo to comb
,,   '"""wed |,y another who took
Ctho h0UW ,0r <ho (application of
■tiro    w    l","','ss of hand mnnufae-
om'ij       ""'y s"l"'",'»t that, our sys-
I preferable to  this;   we     may
OUcv r "" ",,"n*ti"*' in the fiscal
iim,; ,,'    .""'   kingdom   would   stim-
Itolrtil , h i,"l'IK<*'.v; and wo may
n lho , "*' a *-ttW more Bleed
he h»«ji,     ° aml gf-nler  Mgllltv in
an abstract    cone
markable system
Knglish industrial Life.
Hut it is the puriiose ot these ar
tides to present tn a genera,, yet
concrete, manner, tho various phiucs
of IHnglish industrial life; and hence
it will be necessary to eliminate further details regarding this line of
manufacturing in the hope that some
other citation-, will prove etfually interesting. Tho writer remembers the
day in .Inly last when he journeyed
:o Sheffield from Leeds for the purpose of seeing the procession in honor  of     Knglund's     King  and  Queen,
They were to open u new Governmental  arsenal  'hut  day;  Sheffield,   big,
ind   enthusiastic,     turned   out  'in     a
body       to     welcome   their   Majesties.
Over   at   the   arsenal   some    working-
ready    ;'oc     tho
the nart   of
died,   milking
not    to
of  COIII-
iM'llSIlt IOI1
in   the
steel   ware.
men ^^^^^^^^^^^
visit of inspxi-tion upon the part
the King. Those men worked fifty-
live hours n week and wore given a
wage ranging from $9 to $11. While
the official statistics show that wa-
iros are slightly increasing in England, it is needless to point out that
the wage given those men i
be compared with    the rate
^lierc. lt      is   generally
that   Sheffield  leads   the world
manufacture of  cutlery  anil
^^^^^ Here is a branch of in-
dustry requiring the u^-on lye and
skilled hand of the practical uiechan-
ic; it will afford a text for some ]>er-
tineni. Interesting comparisons of the
relative wages paid In Kngland and
the United States, Take lho case of
the hardy blacksmith, as an illustration: In Kngland he receives n
wage, averaging IT cents nn " hour,
while his American friend obtains 39
cents for tho same |>eriod of work.
The bricklayers constitute a repre-
body of workers,   as     Miich
a      strong  union  in   l'.ng
despite  thai   fat,     their
bul   '-•' cents nn hour,
Pie-making, that ancient and honorable calling of fragrant and tooth,
some memory, is now to be destroyed by thut combination of levers,
shafting, belts, cogs, cams and pulleys known as a machine. Like tlie
other one-time cherished arts of shoe-
making, spinning und weaving, it is
to In- stripped of all the glamor of
poetry and romance and reduced to
I lie vulgar level of a mere mechanical process. Instead of |*e "like
mother used to muke,'' we shall j
\iiow the article as made by, say
Smith's patent lever, double cylinder, high-s]>eod, repeating pie machine
or by .I ones' standard duplicating,
roller process, from the following
account of the new machine we suggest that it might properly tie called
a "linopio:"
"Another severe blow for the arts
nul crafts has resulted from the arrival in Philadelphia of the pie-making machine. It. has always been
supposed that making pi,-s was a
work for human fingers, Despite the
inroads of machinery on the crafts,
the pie artisan has si ood alone, un-
touchod by modern Inventiveness; It
was though' that a pic was too coni-
p.lcated and individual a creation
ever to Ix- produoed by brainless
mixers and trimmers and stampers.
Now comes this pie-making machine, to standardize the pie and destroy its Individuality and then to
multiply and cheapen it. "ne man,
thno boys, nnd the machine turn
out from sixteen to eighteen pies a
minute in the Philadelphia bakery,
where ,he pioneer machine has boon
installed. Tho inventor describes
his contrivance as a boon to the human race, about 1(1 feet long and
•*<>   inches   wide.      An  electric   motor
furnishes power, ami gas jets konp
the forming dies warm. Over the machine is suspended a lank with "filling" for 4(tfl pies and in it an agitator revolves to keep the material
from  blocking  thc  outlet.
Alter ,he paste for crusts has been
properly mixed it is weighed and cut
into proper-sized pieces by a dough-
divider, A trny full of lumps of
dough for bottom crusts is iplaccd at
one end of the machine and another
tray containing lumps for top crusts
a, the other end. At the rear i» a
stack of plates automatically fed by
a ratchet. A magnetized arm swings
around, picks up a plate and places
it on a die made to receive it. A
piece of dough is placed on the plate
and the next movement brings it under a die which forms the lower
crust. Then lhe fruit is deposited
from the tank and tho plate moves
forward. Ily this time another lump
of dough is flattened out and stamped with an initial—such as "L" for
lemon—while an automatic bellows
blows a pull of flower over the dough
to keep it from sticking. The next
movement brings this filled pie and
Ihis upper crust together, one operator being stationed hero to adjust
tho top cover if necessary. Then the
covered pie comes under the edging
die, which cuts olT all scraps and tho
pio passes forward on an apron
which  loads  to  the oven.
So the process goes on with all
regularity until 400 pies are lined up
They are all perfect—too perfect per-
ha-s. Thoy aro machine mode nnd
no contaminating hand hns touched
them from thoir initial stage of
doci-hinoss until they are ready to
bo taken from the oven—and therein
lies their chief virtue.—Scientific American.
Thomas Stockiett, manager of the
Western Fuel Company which operates the mines at Nanaimo, appeared before thc Tariff Commission at
Victoria, on Oct. 7, and made tearful complaint that crude oil is making serious inroads upon the coal
trade of the Province. The astute
gentleman intimated that he had no
objection to the importation of crude
oil for any other purpose than fuel.
When imported, however, for the latter purpose! his judgment prompted
him to suggest ,ha, a duty of just
2| cents per gallon would be about
the proper thing..
lf there is a creature on earth that
can give tho genius swine cards and
spades and then bout them out in
hoggish qualities it is thc average
capitalist or his tool. To whatever
extent the importation of cnude oil
might inhjie the business of other
members of the labor-skinning fraternity, this Stockett was supremely
indifferent, so long as he could induce a "paternal" government to afford protection to his particular line
of swindle. Surely no hog could
out-hog this particular capitalist
But a few weeks since the concern over whose destinies Stockett
presides in managerial capacity was
in close approach to the throes of
dissolution because of an insignificant little piece of protective ilegislation intended to chock it in purchasing labor-power cheaply. The burden of the Stockett song was that
the eight-hour coal mines act was an
iniquitous measure because forsooth,
its purpose was to interfere with the
unbridled license to gouge the workmen which tho Western Fuel company and other capitalist swindlers,
of li*o ilk, claim us their speuial privilege and right. For this ->erson,
ight upon tho heels of his vehement
•irotest against protection being af-
orded the workmen in the sale of
their commodity, to jump into the
"ing and ask lhat protection lie afforded him in tho sale of his, is
albout ns beautiful display of gall and
impudence as it has boon our good
fortune  to  witness  for  many  a  day.
Stockott's consistency should as-
dst. in showing to Iho workers who
do not yet see it, that from the capitalist view-point, government is
merely an instrument to be used
igains, them, and as an aid to any
lirty capitalist scheme ,hat might
he hatched.
Tho whole trend of industrial dc-
veloptnent is along the line of etieap-
•r production. That is the produc-
•ion of needful things with less ex-
benditure  of  human  lnbo-.     In  fact
that is all there is to industrial development. Capital not only seizes
for itself all that is gained by such
development, but when opportunity
otters, it will erect reactionary barricades to ini|>ede further progress in
order that its own individual hog
proclivities may have full swing.
lt is by trade and commerce   that
even tho spread of present day civilization,  rotten  though it is,  Is made
possible.  The more rapidly it  spreads
the sooner  will   the baneful sway   of
capital lie brought to a close and the
doors o|*-ii«mI for the advent of     the
next  succeeding   order.     Every   measure    designed    to    check,  retard or
thwart, the free play of the forces of
industry, trade and commerce,  is essentially  reactionary  in  its    nature,
and in the last analysis a stumbling
Mock   in  the     pathway  of  progress.
Many   such     measures have  been  resorted    to    by  ignoramuses in     the
past,  and  as  the  breed  is not  altogether extinct more may lie expected
to apix-ar.
The efforts of the old-time workman to prevent thc introduction of
..he machine and to maintain a monopoly of his craft by limiting apprentices, are cases in point, but
the rankest, most cowardly and effective of them all is this tariff
.scheme, which has surrounded each
country with a cordon of the most
contemptible, arrogant, nose-poking,
brass-buttoned, scalawags that ever
osca-ied thc hangman's noose. He
who upholds the competitive system b.v his voice and vote, and goes
fearlessly into the field and accepts
its consequences without a murmur, might pass muster as a man,
Wit. he who, like Stockett and his
tribe. givo it their support,
go into the arena and emit
baby-squalls for protection from its
consequences, should be compelled to
suck tho sugar-tit of every decent
man's contempt.
Ix-t the workmen of Canada make
note of the fact that Stockett, on
behalf of his company, goes to the
government for relief, Let them do
likewise by marching to the con-
ojuest of all ,he organized powers of
the Dominion, and oni-e in possession
use them for the purpose of putting
Ihe Stocketts, et al., forever out of
the  business  of masters of  slaves.
We sinu-rely hope that if there be
a workman in Canada who is yet
blind to his closs interest to the extent of supporting the present system by his voice nnd vote he will at
least Im- manly and consistent enough
to nu-ept tho consequences without
squealing like Stockett and his Fuel
^^    the
few   hun-
would    be
spinning frames
the  hands  of  our
thoy have
land;  but
wages art
'"'g of  the spinning   frame,
'"''•"w- Utitain's ability   lo
l„|V|i      markets of the world;   hut
I     "J*"  Ix'.vond  (his,   tho fnct ro-
u,   "nt given raw  material,  tho
llm,     ■'"rklnc-nian in nis own good
„.,„! *"" m his own good wav.  v.ill
ncclte ti" ,'lm, of c,oth  'v*-i('h   »•••
" the ■     ,?Vy nf °-**y manufactur..,-
,    '"     W'oilrl
i,[( "■'■ I'ust     „f th|8    KoHof) 0(  nr_
' S0I"« attention   .van given   to
if  wages  in
then   there
Tho writer vis-
Vorlvshiro Morn-
was well
^  >d li„oty|M>   ma
and a  modern press;  but,  as a
tho management
..date  EJngli*  ■■|in,1
of hourly  foiirnals.
wore  working     at
a week and receiving
hour  for  their   work.
happy 08 the average
one (i
"Tainted   money"   will   be cheerfully  accepted  in  payment  of  subscriptions to the Western Clarion at
regular fates,     We have a
gry     creditors   whom  we
most  happy   to  soak  with  the     vile
 1 o	
Tho newspapers chronicle in a fragmentary way the happenings in Russia, usually under the caption "Kern-wed Riots." Whenever the workers attempt to render lhe chains of
their servitude less galling, of course
its a "riot." What else could it bu.'
The unemployed problem in Australia is becoming each day more pressing. To help matters, the Federal
government is furthering immigrn
lion schemes, and Booth's Salvation
Army outfit contemplates shipping to
Island Continent at least   i_,ooo
'•'Where goost   thou,  ignorance?"
"To fortify the mind of a maiden
against a peril."
"I nm going thy way. My name
is knowledge."
"Scoundrel* Thou art tho peril."
—Truth Seeker.
^ ^ ^^^M
well-nigh HO cents less for the same
hour's work than is paid the Am«.ri-
,an workingman. Machinists nnd
plumbers i-ecolvo from 17 to 30 cents
an hour in Kngland, a .s'utn far loss
than tho American rato of wage
those inipbrtntit trade
are the compositors
itcd  the oiiice of tin   ^	
ing Post,    The office was well equip
|K-d  with  the improve,
matter    of    course,
did  not   seek   lo  take n.tva.ilage     of
those Improvements and nt th«
time  shock   the i
by the Issuance
The compositors
leasl   60 hours
18  cents     an
Thoy seemed ns ..... —-^^—
printer and as fully contented as It
is possible for ono of the craft to l»-.
In  Kngland.  ns hero in  this country,
it is the unskilled mnn
bilin,   of tin- in
is tho first
— i   Hmna ine   nn.-,,*,,....	
reooi vos! _W
■ >  in   Hinmanu  e.w.
necessitate    a
gut i
_     ho -init" t'"'
n'ustr'iul  fight   and   ho
pent- tno burden   of 'l*1-*
hard   times.       The  unskilled  laborer
about   10 cents on hour
ervwhero in  England  except   London,
«'■■'•'*■ ""^.Jm remarked by
the average
.,..,.,.>-ui-iile   cited   in
hVes  to  •«'«««« „„.side of London.
AsinNew York and other large cit-
of  England's     paupers  during
next   twelve   months,      That   will   fix
it  ull   right.
The religion of Ihe Salvation Ar-
vvill, I think, pass muster at the
i of heaven.—General Booth!
We were about to procure a package of tho General's brand of goods,
but as ho does not. seem to be .sure
that thoy will "pass muster" we
shnll Ix- fotied to refrain. Will the
peddler of some brand that ho knows
will pass muster, please call? '
thinking business does not go
us in mat lot's of such serious
lnrge vvngc
_.„v of explanation that
was o,     i   ,    , ^   (|   ttrticle,   re-
Do tho silly chumps, vvho are incessantly conjuring up schemes to
get the pauperized rity workers out
upon the land, realize that those nl-
roody engaged ill agricultural pursuits are amply sufficient to kioep tho
worlds market glutted with their
products? This is so emphatically
(rue thai people are driven into the
cities by tho thousands in quest of
nn opportunity to ninkie a living, an
opportunity that the country districts no longer afford, Whichever
wny thoy move is much liko "jumping from lho fry-ing pan into tho
fire," it will require something of
deeper import and of moro drastic
chin';.ctcr (linn this shifting about to
solve the problem.
Kaiser Hill, of Germany, was so
pleased with the parade of the army
Corp at Coblentz during the recent
army manoeuvres, that he gave each
soldier 12 cents out of his own private purse, .lust what use the soldiers will make of this stupendous sum is not stated.
The buckets of the clam-shell dredger, now extensively used in California for levee building along the San
Joaquin ond Sacramento livers have
a holding capacity of 8 cubic, yards
of material. The capacity of one of
these huge dredgers is from 8,000 to
4,000 cubic yards in a day of twenty-four hours.
 o ———
In 1890 Germany swapped Zanzibar for  tho  island  of   Heligoland    in
the North Sea.     Since that time the
encroachment    of  tho  sea  has  reduc-
d the island's area by fully 25 per
cent.,   nnd  bids  fair   to  wipe  it  out
entirely, within the next half century.
"Kaiser   Bill's"   attention  should   be
culled to the matter, so he could put
a stop to it.
Tho day is near at hand when the
workers must stand together, Hc-
liiililicun and Socinlist, employed
and unemployed, union men and
scabs. Ono will fool the (tangs of
hi.ngor ns much as the other; repub
lienns will got hungry the same as
tho socialists. When the full dinner
pail will be hanging on a rusty nail
and when the workiingman begins
■dilling his 1h-W strap tighter, jt may
bc that tho question of economical
production and equitable distribution will bo more seriously considered by tho wealth producers, and it
Is to be hoped that they may finally
decide to restore to tho jwaple. (in
other words to themselves) what is
rightly theirs— Kdwr.rd Iliggins, Jn
Machinists'  Journal.
ln prohibiting M. Jaures from
speaking in llerlin, the German Kai-I
ser planted something, which in duel
time will bring forth good fruit whilo
the mortification and humiliation felt
by M. Jaures when the edict was served upon him will bring a rich reward. For when the working people of Germany have again an opportunity to select men to represent
them in tho lioichstag it will be
found that a greater number have
been selected from their ranks than
ever before. They have already acquired tho habit, which is a growing
one, but the growth will be
greatly accentuated by the Jaures incident.. This in turn,
will have a good effect elsewhere, for the worktingmen of other
ountrites, seeing how the working-
men of Germany arc helping themselves by "going into politics," will
do likewise, and in the end much
good will have l»een done for the
iBuse of labor through the futile efforts of a king—a relic of by-gone
days—to stop tho car of progress.—
Machinists'  Journal.
The delightful conditions prevailing
along the Panama Canal, are graphically hinted a, by a machinist
working thero, who, in writing to
the Machinists' Journal remarks: "1
can see no headway with the work
since my arrival, while the sanitary
conditions nre going from Iwid to
worse. More sifuarc yards of dirt
have actually been removed from
Monkey Hill (our own graveyard)
that from the Culobra Cut, (tho only-
place along the lino whore they are
pretending to do anything)." Monkey Hill i.s surely a suggestive name
for a place to bury dead working
plugs.     Quito appropriate,   indeed.
into their respective sacks. It is
claimed this machine will do the
work of one hundred men. Those formerly employed in this line, may sit
on the fence and watch the days go
by, once this machine is installed in
tho magazine offices. Thoy wiill h<*ve
plenty of time ,o figure out the beauties of cai»i,olis> property in th%
means of production.
An  exchange asks:   Do you    know
that   every   able-bodied   male    citizen of  the   Lnited    States   between
the age of  18 and 45 is  a   member
of tho militia, and thnt tho president
of   the  United   States has  authority
through     the      Hick    Military    Bill,
to order him out  to do military service?"     Of course wc know it.    And
we  furthermore  know  that  notwithstanding all   li ck  and other  similar
laws tho citizen of the United States
or any other country,  who  will   engage in military service for any other purpose than to defend himself and
his liberties,  is that sort of a   fool
that we could not specify without resorting     to      language    that   would
shock our pious brethren.   There are
enough  brutal  and vicious  laws,  devised by  the ignorant and unscrupulous tools of capitalism, that we are
forci _ to obey, without obeying those
that  make  for "murder.     No   man  is
under   any  oblige,ion,   either    moral
or otherwise, to obey such a law. No
creature entitled to be called a man
would obey it under any circumstances whatever.
Nero wns a brute, but the innocents ho had slaughtered only suffered physical pain for a few moments. Tho victims of the war of the
classes suffer mental and physical
torture during rhildhood, neglect and
contempt in youth, persecution and
degradation in manhood, all for the
liberty of the masters of bread to
buy labor in the cheapest   market.—
Sydney Worker.
Ooorgo   Livingstone   Richards,   an
American inventor, hns perfected a
machine that "folds, wraps, addresses and sorts magazines for the post"
In the space of an hour it folds up
thousands of magazines, puts them
in gummed wrappers, addresses each
ono to the person for whom it is intended, nnd sorts them out into
sacks, according to the locality to
which they have to bo sent."
Tho magazines are fed in at ono
side of the machine and a moment
afterward come out at the. other
side wrapped and addressed,  and fall  sert himself
"Is there a man in all this audience," demanded the female lecturer
on womanis rights, "that has ever
done anything to lighten the burden
on his wife's shoulders? What do
you know of woman's work? Is
there a man hore," she continued,
folding her arms, and looking over
tho assembly with superb scorn,
"that has over got up in the morning, leaving his tired, worn-out wife
to enjoy her slumbers, gone quietly
downstairs, made the fire, cooked Ms
own breakfast, sewed the missing
buttons on tho children's clothes,
darned tho family stockings, scoured
the pots and kettles, cleaned and fill*
ed the lamps and done all thifc, if necessary, day after day, uncomplainingly? If thero Ik- such a man in
this audience, lot him rise up! I
should really like to see him!"
And. ,n tho rear of tho hall, a
mild-looking man In spectacles, in
obeditonce to tho summons, timidly
rose. He was the husband of the
eloquent speaker. It was the first
time hc "md ever had a chance to as.
ii     I
i _i
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SATUIl-OAy,  OCT.  it
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SATURDAY,  OCT.   14th,   1905.
Having evidently learned of    some
of the brutal treatment which South
African capitnlism  metes  out  to  its
Chinese    coolies  when  they fail     to
perform  their  allotted  task  to     the
satisfaction of thc masters,  the San
Francisco  Chronicle,   under  date     of
Sep. 12, waxes virtuous in a manner
truly touching,  and  sorrowfully proclaims that coolies  "inevitably     degrade the people who employ them."
If they    would  only degrade    themselves,     presumably     the     Chronicle
would have no complaint to    make.
The stripping nakt-d of these    unfortunate  wretches,   and   tying  them
up to stakes by their "pigtails,'' and
the even more    fiendish practice   ol
"tricing"  them up,  has shocked the
good Chronicles' sensibilities and has
caused it to aver that "slavery   in
its most degrading form"  l-as   thus
been "established under the   flag   of
Great Britain," as a "permanent institution."     That the slavery exists
we are willing to admit, but as   to
its being a "permanent institution."
we have our doubts   for   the   reason
lhat history shows us that    human
institutions undergo  continual  changes,   those of  one    period  or   epoch,
differing materially from those of another.    From this we arc forced   to
the conclusion tbat such institutions
do not ond cannot wear the garb of
The Chronicle,  however,  in a mild
way attempts to partially excuse the
drastic treatment meted out to   the
offending coolies  by  naively  remarking that, "very likely many of them
are  bad men    and  do not     comply
with their contracts."     Those who
are at all familiar with the methods
resorted to,  to  induce these   coolies
to undertake their South African experience, and     who understand    the
nature of     the beast (capital) that
•rounded them up in its "compounds"
and drove them  to  their tasks,  will
have no difficulty  in  imagining   the
nature of those "contracts." To persons    at all  informed  in regard  to
this miserable business,  it will    not
be a metier of surprise   that    some
of  these wretches  went back    upon
obligations incurred under such   circumstances.      Be     that as it may, I
however,   the  fact   that   they refused
to   "comply with their contracts,"   is;
amply sufficient  to  establish     their
"badness" in the eyes of their capitalist masters,  and from  the standpoint of capital renders them eminently deserving of thc most condign
punishment.    In fact, the breaking of
such a contract is one of the    most
heinous crimes in capitalism's penal
In the course of its virtuous wanderings, the Chronicle blunders upon
the fact that "slavery Is as degrading to the masters as to the slaves,"
and adds:     "No man can be given
power  over a  great  herd  of human
beings whom he regards as of an inferior  race,,   without  himself becoming  brutalized."     And  yet  there   is
(  nothing    startling      or     remarkable
about this.     Slavery is a low,   vulgar,  cowardly and treacherous institution, carrying within its bosom the
seeds of all tho crime, and vice   and
moral filth that makes a civilization
based upon     it    a stinking cesspool
that  neither  master  nor  slave     can
escape   because    its confines are, ,©f
necessity, as wide as the civilization
that fills it.    From out of this cesspool of a slave civilization, it is true
there  will    struggle forth noble precepts and lofty  conceptions  that,  if
allowy-d to blossom in all their beauty   and   shed     their fragrance upon
mankind would tend to uplift    and
forward the race to higher and better  planes  of  conduct,   of  reasoning
aad    of    living.    B-ut they struggle
against' a material   environment,  so
low, so course, so vulgar and bo brutalizing as to be almost overwhelming.    T_ey are as far beyond the ap-
Jprecintion of the brutal master as
that, of the grovelling slave. If ,hoy
cannot lie advantageously ndded to
the paraphronaiia of the shrine of
profit and power at which the master worships, ho will have none of
them. Tho slave is kept so busy
in clinging to his chains in order to
quiet tho demands of his belly, that
,hey appeal to hirn in vain. A rose
may struggle forth from a compost
heap and endeavor to fill the air with
its fragrance, but its beauties will
not appeal to the crawling slimy and
disgusting creatures that infes, the
heap, and its fragrance will be all
but stifled by tho stench from the
festering mass that environs it. Truly, ns the Chronicle says, "slavery
is degrading to both the master and
slave," and wo might add through
them, it degrades the civilization
based upon it.
Tho Chronicle exultingly remarks :
"In this country thore can be no
"contract labor and no hording of
human Ix-ings, unconvicted of crime
in stockades." What, a short memory tho Chronicle has. But a few-
short months since,, men, unconvicted of, nnd even uncharged with any
crime wore herded in stockades in the
State of Colorado. Perhaps the
Chronicle would got out of this by
saying ,ha, these wore not "stockades"  but  "bull-jiens."
Stockndes, as used in South Africa, are unnecessary in tho United
States or nny other highly developed capitalist country, for the reason
thnt such countries are amply supplied with slaves who cannot oseape-
If they break away from one master their necessities will soon compel them to seek another.
It is unnecessary to round up cool-
•ics in China and transport them to
these countries. Thero is ample supply already on hand from which each
Individual master or concern may recruit the number of slaves required.
The Chronicle's own city of San
Francisco is no inconsiderable slave
"compound." There are within its
confines some thousands of slaves of
every degree oi quality, ready to lie
put to the yoke at a moment's notice.
The whole capitalist 'world lis a huge
compound containing millions of
slaves whose necessities compel them
to hold themselves in readiness at
the master's call. It is only in rare
cases when thoir services are required in out-of-the-way places that have
not yet afforded sufficient attraction
to call them to the spot that the
method adopted in South Africa becomes necessary.
If any person doubts that present
civilization, based as it is upon wage
slavery, boars thc oar-marks of a
cessjiool civilization, we recommend
that they rend the Daily Chronicla,
and the other members of the family
to which it belongs. If the accounts
there given of thc daily happenings
in this glorious ago, docs not bring
tho stench of the cess-pool to his
nostrils, he had better consult a physician, as his smelling apparatus
must be out of order.
That which tho Chronicle'terms the
"curse of coolies," is really the curse
of slavery. It is a curse that will
blight and poison human society until the slave shall have awakened
from his lethargy and broken the
chains of his bondage, by the abolition of capitalist property in the
means of wealth production, and its
attendant  evil,  the wages system.
It is tho mission of the present
slave class to accomplish this revolution. Once accomplished, and the
means of production set free to the
workers, so that they may produce
food, clothing, shelter, etc., for the
sustenance of themselves and those
dependent upon them, beyond question humanity will move forward to
a plane of civilization that will no
longer be a stench in the nostrils of
who may pat-chant* bo possessed
some particular hobby which they
desire to elaborate upon for the benefit of their fellow citizens, are quite
in the habit 01 using tho street corners for their particular purpose, lt
is particularly noticeable that rarely if ever, does there come any complaint, in regard to such slight ol>-
struction to tho free passage of the
streets os may be offered by these
gatherings, from thoy who use ,he
streets for truffle, pleasure or pastime. The average citizen i.s altogether too mindful of the rights and
comforts oi others, too courteous to
his fellows, and too decent to make
complaint becauso some other person
or persons happen to make it necessary for him to ,ako a few extra
steps. We have many times seen a
sidewalk so completely blocked with
people listening to some street speaker, or seller of nostrums, that all
who passed wore compelled to take
fo the middle of the street, and yet
nil of them, men, women, (oftentimes
with bnby carriage*) and children
alike, would meet it with tho utmost
good nature and unconcern. Once
more we repeat that the average person is instinctively too decent nnd
courteous in his association with his
fellows, to grumble, growl and make
a boor of himself over insignificant
and ,rifling discomforts that others
mny perchance unwittingly cause
It should not escape the notice ot
any ono that bumptious and officious policemen much more readily discover street obstructions in connection with socialist-meetings than any
other street gatherings. When in the
jungle, the master relies on the keen
sevnt of his faithful dog to warn him
of the approach ol dangerous beasts.
In the jungles of capitalist production and robbery, tho masters may
evidently rely iqion the smelling proclivities of tho police to likewise
warn them of the direction of approaching danger.
In the case of the dog it is termed
instinct. What it may be in the
case of policemen, we do not know,
but much of thoir conduct at least
stinks  in the nostrils of decency.
If these uniformed street loafers
sec fit in tho future to arrest street
speakers of whatever persuasion, let
them at least be manly enough to
rrtnte in court that thoy do so becauso Ihey do not approve of what
those speakers teach. There is no
valid reason why they should longer
n,tempt ,0 disguise tho real animus
of their action in this respect ^behind
that ridiculous old plea of obstructing the streets." This poor old excuse has become so seedy and thread
bare that it no longer affords the
means of deceiving even suckling
babes, Tt has boon trotted out so of
ten and has become so common and
of such ill-repute, that there are none
so intellectually poverty-stricken as
to longer do it "reverence."
,,|   robbery  of labor, ho is justly entitled  to as  much  of  the plunder  as ho
can    successfully     lay his hands  on.
That   is strictly  business    in     every
sense of  the  word,  and  should  meet
with  the  hearty  approval  of  the  entire business world, barring of course
ihat   part   of  it   which  got   the   worst
of  the deal   by   being  thrown    down.
Among tho  many accusations    thut
have  boon   made  against     legislators
and other members of capitalist governments,   there  is  one  that  has  not
appeared, and  that (is.  that  oven one
of   those   complained   of   has   proven
traitor to   the   underlying principlr   of
capitalism.     Not   one of them    has
taken advantage of his office  to   assert   and  render effective,  the  right of
tho laborer to the full product of his
toil.  Should one of them be guilty of
such traitorous conduct the beneficiaries  ol   Ihe   present   system    would    be
Justified  in  stringing  them  up  to the
first   lamp  post        The economic  concept io-i 01  the Socialist is an entire-
|j  different one from that of the present order     it is one based upon the
verv   reasonable assumption that every  person  should  In- entitled  to reap
the   lull   fruits   of   his   lubor.      IVing
s-uih  it   does  not   contain   within     itself  the  elements   of   graft.      plunder
and  robbery.     and   it   logically     follows   lhat   ils   every   expression  must
bc equally  free  from it.     True,  anjn
dividual   may   occasionally   fall   down
in tho struggle, and  why should such
an oven,  not  happen.     It is only the
strongest  of   moral   fibre  that    could
be expected to withstand the 1 nerva-
ting effects  of centuries of capitalist
poison.      Small   wonder  if  an  occasional   individual   should   break   under
the strain.     This,  however,  would no
doubt   meet   with     short   shrift,   and
does not  in  the least affect  the general  proposition  that  mon as  a  rule
stand  true   to   tho economic  class  in
human society   to  which  they  belong
and whoso interests Ihey are pledged
to defend.
__ Every I„»cal of tho Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note. _
Headquarters, Vancouver. B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. It. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening nt headquarters, Ingleside Block, .'Uli Cambie
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
D,  P. MILLS, Secretary.
Box H.'lo,  Vancouver B.  0.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Soerctary,
41 Henry street, W. O. Orlbblo,
organizer,  I.'IO Hogarth Ave.
Union Direct
When They Meet; wi,
ere Th
•Every Labor Union in tl„. ,
•V Mr,
vile.1 to place a cnnl iiii,l,.r'"h,?,,,iro*'i-'-<' li I
month.    Secretaries pleSe aotfc      '  -*-»l
Phoenia Trades .nd'LaboT-0.
Meets    every    altcm-,--    i."
John  Riordan, Jffffig.  Moy,
Brown,  vice-president-   'p   _"f
casse sergeant-at-arms'; w'l ltd
bury, 8ecretary-treaSurer™j,' ' Bjt
108, Phoenix. Ii   r        ' r- °- 9
Phoenix      Miners'    Union
W. P. M.    Meets
In the arrest, of Comrade Arthur
Morrow Ixwis, while addressing an
audience upon the corner o< Cordova
and Abbott streets on tho evening of
Oct. 6, the police, as usual in such
cases, fell back upon the old excuse
of "obstructing the street and tnter-
fering with traffic." So often has
this poor old excuse boon trotted out
as justification for such impudent arbitrary and nose-poking conduct on
the part of the police, that it has lie-
come threadbare. *
It appears conclusively from the
evidence, that no street obstruction
occurred upon ,he evening in question, and no trafllc was interfered
with in any manner whatever. The
only person who discovered anything
that could by nny stretch of tho 'imagination be construed as an obstruction was ihe officious hulk In
uniform who was res-ibnsible for the
Street- gatherings -art? by 30 means
uncommon in Vancouver or any other city of nny size. In fact thoy are
almost n daily occurrence. Salvation Army, street peddlers, and those
The question is often nskiod,    what
guarantee can  bo given  that  thc elected   representatives     of     Socialism
will  not  conform  in  their action  to
the ethics of plunder and graft   followed  by the representatives of capitalism?     The   same   guarantee   may
be  given   that  the  former  will     not
do so, as may be given that the latter will.    Tho particular behavior of
the political representatives of an economic system   is determined  by  the
fundamental  basis of  the system    itself,     In fact,  all expression  of     an
economic system must of necessity be
likf the basic principle'ol the system
itself.       The     basic principle of the
present   or  capitalist   system  is     the
exploitation   or  plunder     of  wnge-la-
Ixir.     This is in  itself  tho very     essence of fraud,   trickery,  robbery,  deceit  and graft      It  logically   follows
that whatever institutions arise from
such an econom c basis must be per-
nieated  with  nnd  take on  the   character and habit of that from   which
they spring.     This will express itself
in tho moral  and ethical  code of the
supporters and  defenders  of such     a
system     of    property     and  society.
Hence we have every walk of life under  the rule    of    capitalist property
permeated  with  tho  plundering     and
grufting characteristic of that    form
of property..     The legislators of capitalism could no more be expected to
steer clear of their present practices,
without   proving false  to  the system
they  are pledged  to defend,  than    a
business man could  to refuse to accept  the juicy profit  upon  which  the
success of his business depends.
It is not a matter of individual
misconduct when a capitalist legislator or other governmental official
throws down one gang of capitalist
pirates and gives his support to another, or perchance throws them
both down and feathers hia own nest',
It is merely a matter of business,
and an evidence of unsevering loyalty to the underlying principle of the
robbery of labor, upon which tho entire structure of capitalist society
rests.     As a political defender of tlie
"There is another matter worth remembering. Shame lurks in every
discussion of a peace conference.
Plenipotentiaries trade human lives
as peddlers trade cucumbers. On the
one side stand so much land and so
much money; over agains, them are
so many human lives and so much
human suffering, I.and and money
are very real human suffering is vory
intangible. Kings and plenipotentiaries are ready to have men killed rather than to injure "national honor" by paying an indemnity. And
when peace comes, each nation
thinks tho other has the best of the
bargain."—The  World,  Today.
It is quite shocking to see a prominent magazine like "The World of
To-day," throw a fit without any
valid reason for it. What in the
world of today, or oven of yesterday
would "plenipotentiaries" do if they
did not trade human lives as i>od-
dlers trade encumbers?" This is an
age of trade. Trade is the one dominant factor of present civilization
It is by ttado thnt the proceeds
of tho robbery of labor under the
wage-system is made realizable bj
the robbers. Wore this plunder not
ddeposed of through tho channels of
trade the "incentive" of capitalist
property would be destroyed, and
surely no one wishes to destroy thai
sweet virtue except, perhaps, some
crazy socialist.
What is trade but trafllc in human life? Is not tho life of the laborer coined into the product of his
labor? What is the essential difference between trafficking in his flesh,
and trafficking in tho product of his
If ho wns purchased body and soul
as under chattel slavery.' it certainly would lie for the purpose of enali-
ling tho purchaser to utilize him as 11
labor-r. and by this method obtain
the product of his labor. The
"World Today" would no doubt recognize such a transaction as a trade
in human life. By handling the
worker in tho position of a non-owner in the means of living, capital secures possession of the product of his
labor without being conqiellod to assert title to his body, as the chattel
slave masters were forced to do. The
ono system or method is as essentially a traffic in human life ns tho
other. The entire business world of
today is busily engaged in trafficking
in human life. Plenipotentiaries are
only agents of tho traffic, and it is
their business to further it to the fullest possible extent. What would
"World of Today" expect them to
do, suck their thumbs? That estimable periodical should take tt dose of
catnip  tea.
A Mr, Sydney Adamson, through
the columns of nn Eastern periodical
bewails the fact that "civilization is
Wiling art in Japan." He says that
art flourished luxurantly in the Island Empire, and brought forth
dreams of beauty in "ivory, silk, and
wood, del lento cloissone, and fragile
porcelain, up to the time there ajv-
peared upon ,he scone the "great
trading nations learned in little save
the wonderful machine power of production."    Those have proceeded     to
"trample out unconsciously the flow
er Of art," and now "Cockney deal
ers, German curio merchants, and
American dry-goods' agents arc all
beguiling the .laps for gold into
into cheap production, and. worse,
insisting on nn adaptation of the
worst Western Ideuls of design which
handled by Japanese, produce a, vil-
linnous mongrel compound offered in
America and Europe to the world
as Japanese art." Of course this is
awful in the extreme, but the f-entlo-
mnn's wail is quiet uncalled for. We
are living in a practical age, and under a practical civilization. Art
might stand some sort of a show in
dream land, but it. certainly can have
no place in a civilization that by virtue of its fundamental basis (capital) is devoted solely to the purpose
of skinning wugo-sloves and swapping thoir hides. 'lhat in itself is
art enough, and it is the only sort
thero i.s any profit in anyhow. What
more could a practical person   wish
Panama Canal affairs aro beginning to take on an exceedingly suspicious appearance. It is well known
that the powerful transcontinental
railway interests do not look with
favor upon tha project, as its completion would of necessity result in
a demoralization of the present juicy
freight rales which the roads are enjoying. If there is any combination
of capital more powerful politically
than that of tho railwa.vs of tho
United States, it has not yet been located. It need cause no surprise if
the present attempt to build the canal should prove as great a tia.sco
as that made by the French company
About the most, cheering feature of
the nITair is thut tho French scalawags, uidod no doubt by those of
Yankee extraction, succeeded in getting safely out of it forty million
"simoloons" to the good. Where Uie
forty millions came from is of little
."Jefferson J. Prapleo, once a wealthy New York banker and business
associate of J, Gould, Commodore
Vanderbilt and John P. Blair, was
son, to tho Poor-House here today.'
—News Item.
Prapleo will now have the opportunity of washing tho dishes, scrubbing the floor, cleaning up the yard,
weeding tho onion bed, hoeing the
"spuds," splitting the wood, or doing some other useful thing, an opportunity ho has probably never hud
before, or at least if he has hud it,
has failed to grasp it. If the* whole
capitalist gang were sent t0 tho
Poor-House., it would cost, the work-
to- far less t„ keep them than It
costs now.
 o- _
And now the unhappy and friendless Chicago moat packers have been
haled to the bar of Justice, and mule-
tied in the sum of $25,000, as a penalty for their schemes to "evade the
law, and exploit the public." The
majesty of th« law from now on,
will 'ho to those guilty wretches
something  terrifying to contemplate.
The result of a police, raid in New-
York City, uncovered a "pink tea,"
at whieh "keepers of disorderly
houses" were the guests, and a "police captain," tho host. Another
striking affirmation of lhe old adage
about "birds of a feather."
every <"•,,„.■
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tn    It   '•*"'
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the (lenuine Union Label i« aewed 1" It. " * J
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ons in a hat (or you, do not patronl** him
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JOMH  A.   MOKFITT,  Prealdent, Orann*
N. •'
MA'(.TIN    LAWLOIl,   Secretary,    H   » »ver y
New York.
pin* VV| OCT.  14th,  190-.
«ar, 1MIV»
Classes and the Class Struggle
from "Mass and Class," by W. J. Ghent.
the economic inter-j
0i    history
oi iiu- ec«>'«""^ •_•«•-1    Whenever  these conquests  occurred,
Itis" p .    i.i.mrv    to hold that]among postHprimitlvo tribes, thoyus-
,f  primitive tri-
lution oi prii",,iv-; -*■»-" uaily resulted In a more or lesscom-
Rc-*-"-' , gocial processes have in- plot* subjection of the defeated,
I njcloty, j ,,„.,, in economic Whatever tho previous gradation of
|tat)l- -r'",., ..tuniii-- class is un ug- classes among tho vanquished, the
ibs-f- , nej-gons whose ocoupution quartering upon them of u new rul-
ps""'"' IZ bearihg on the H'lpi'ly-ling class generally meant an almost
B-1,16 wanted by mankind, and uniform levelling to the status of
*|,,li"k'S/i  occupation   sustain the j slavery,    serfdom,    or  peasantlhood.
In -.      -    .(   ..(tier  luipnons. I Even  In comparatively  reccnl   times,
this form of subjection lias sometimes resulted, Such a conquest,
for Inst mice, was that of ihe English Saxons by  William of Norman-
I tt.'
an aggro-
u {ia tion
nation toward other
«"'"' '  r  ..mii.Is   11   '« ,„.
»'• '"■ ,.rs()r...  whose-  BpBClflO  econo-
P"""   i,ns and Interests are   BllW
•*■*'     ,\vl,.>    therefore,   bear      u 	
F' relation l» ■••'' l»*vv*s'**"K dy, "Within the liietime of William
*-"""""   uvHtoni.     In   all  con,muni- . .'  of Itis two sons,
~1""1""" ,^-mis vvho prod-.- goods and the nominal reign o( Stephen,"
P -i-Mual prolll thore exists nee**'writes Professor Cheney, "the whole
E.'!i    an antagonism of material: oody    ol    the nobility, the bishops,
P1 '/ '' |i  persons muy   hnVu'and abbots, and tho government  of-
l"l(l" ' , interests; as eonsuiiiers, lltiuls liuil come to lie of Norman or
F'rill all want goods at low'other continental origin" liven the
W thev may M|ually desire peace, architects nml skiii.-d artisans, and
£_*'itv" and lu-uith; they may perhaps most ol tho merchants
P"'1"" \,,,i Interest in salubrity of j Normans. The gieal body
MW'11" '.„'„i   fertility of wit.      Hm ' Anglo-Saxons had  bora reduc
iilur   interests   vary     and ( the time to  the status of an inferior
(,.,-ord   with   the   dim rent,  class.
. ihi
i an wi"*!*1 !
Ihrtr I
of   the
il     tor
in i
Georgia   i-
Ljihods bj which ih.- indivi,b(als sc-
Ltthi-ir living. Tne diversity and
Ewgonisni of kinds of interest and
Ltinn rteli-rininc class divisions.
jfK Interests ol a geographical sec-
Ij(ili a„. „, a ,iitTei>iit character from
Ejipeciflc interests of u cluss, Thut
m on- Inhabitants of Alabama
tft-Hi-d lu 'i"' development of
iron Industry of that state may _e
(Wi i,ut the facts alters in no wuy
L'nature ol the economic relation
lhn iron-workers und the
1 ho cot ion industry of
Is a set i ionni interest In
(huh .i'i 'l'1' inhabitants of that
stale maj lie deeply concerned; but
th,. wretched peons vvho pick the cotton and the masters who reap the
jiriitiis have functions entirely apart
ml specific Interests directly opposed. The Itryan movement of 1898,
and te ii lesx extent that of 1900,
pre in large part sectional. They
jrere not, however, in any specific
yr,y class movements. Men of nil
i-lavM-s were comprised therein, and
in nul the slight OS I degree were class
lines shifted or class relations modi-
fr*l throughout the South and West,
*»hr-i•■ these movements developed
ihnr greatest Arongfch. The Divil
par, loo, /as prompted by a soc-
tnmal interest, nnd that in turn,
ins based un an economic, interest.
jtoreovw, us between the controlling
llu- on each side, it was, in the
man', it i l.-i-• conflict. But within
H—ol the t«., warring sections,
fere widely sepnrafod economic class
ft, idles.- i ndaries and  relations,
ttcepi ihose of the slaves; remained
(tailored l,.\ the struggle. in no
other instance, perhaps, in modern*
Htnea lm\.- clauses with interest.s so
indatw ie .i11.\ opposed ns were those
W tho various Southern classes made
common cause In a great war; and
ft" truth .-mlmdied in the adage,
ni* is a rich man's war, but a
pour iniins fight," which ex-Secre-
(*■) llcr-bert tells us became acoui-
ton saying m iho South nt the time
sas gradually driven home to the
"!■-. i - n, s „r every intelligent
1"" man who bore his part in thut
W-lct, In present times, under the
'" '-using stress of the industrial
struggle, class feeling conquers both
wiional nml national fooling. it
overlap-, tho boundaries of sections,
and even „f nations, and among both
i»|i'aliMs MM,| workmen embodies il-
"I m national and international uf-
"'w'ioiis ol men of a common economic nil,-rest.
Class membership Is based on sim-
taniy in specific functions and In-
''">-''•■     Ilut   the   units  of  a     class
"'"'  ' -"gaged  in n  great  diversitv
I'1'""ili-uii,ns.     Itaker and coniposi-
Ironmoulder and carpenter,   are
"'nts oi the class of wago-oarn-
'"8 producers.       Their specific  func-
despite the varying technic     of
labor,    is    that  of producing
■" lor wages;   their  specific   intcr-
are alike, „nd  they all bear     a
6 relation   to   the  economic system
■hi owners ^^^
-Wl b.v
11 ion,
I !
if the tools of production
. . it li,-r men  are of one class,
I'11 ""-"-employing   producers   ore    <>f
|«aother,    so, too, ull sluves,    who-
"' *" employed in picking cotton,
women employed in nursing their
liter's children
;■"•■   Whatever
1(*lli whoi,
Hii h
,   were  of  the    sume
the  nature of  their
tevur  the degree of trust in
'he-   vv,.,,. held  by   their  own-
I, . ■ *ote alike in that they
"" common interests, a common
j1,""" in doing whut they were bid
i" {1 common relation of absolute
Tin. ,.,,,-ij
under pur,
''aiv nml
|l.!l'''f '"'"''alilc,   thnt.  slave  classes
i  appearance 0f an oco-
ss is in   the form  of  slavery.
suvuger\,   slavery  is  but
incidental;   it is possible and
■ns prolmhle,   thnt.
Mu to appear with the compiest of
j '"'s who have developed tribal
«niStrlos~that is the craft of mak-
the u0'"r'. (>,,<' ■)ro(-"'*'" '•• which all
to-? a* uu'mbers of a tribe on-
crarti ,''il"' skiHod in a certain
(,nv' is eon,,u,.reil by a rival tribe,
,■„,.., ""s "f ils product, and is hence-
11 "-ompollod to prpduoe   for   its
(<fillers. Trlhaj   lndy8trl08      ftp-
**'    a very early time   in     the
"'•"' "f mankind, certainly as oar-
tiritur "     1!,."'i<,d °* so-called  "hoe-
Wit h  ,ho s*ub!*H|Uent,     de-
agriculture   comes   thc
| him
I v,o
"h.w atljacont
'inil eirsl
workors  in the fields:   and
tribes are conquered
iT        -'lasses also arise un
division of labor
K)n .,      —  -■ ju.mil- consequent
try ."' 8r*>Wth of individual indiis-
-y i,„I ,', lll'''"m|ilation of proper-
a'ti'd I , 'is ls 1-MHsi-lutahl.v a later
lorn,!, Jf Wcioty. Classes are thus
ij..., under.either 'peace or war, In
lation" ""■''' '"H'' ,-",*'*»«h the accumii-
lattor ' '"'''v'"'"'0'! property, in tho
'oti,,,,,^',"1"  -hrough  tribal  or  racial
Ilut in later times, coincident with
the firmer establishment of poiiticni
stutus nnd the development of more
stable forms of Industry, conquest
has affected classes less nnd less.
Even the many conquests in feudal
times for the most |,mt merely supplanted one set of rulers by another,
effecting by taxation or tribute the
exploitation of the defeated, and
leaving the serfs, tenants, and overseers who escaped death in their former tenures nnd employments. And
as feudalism passed away, and a new
form of production arose, these classes were naturall", transformed to
meet new needs. Thore is thus traceable in the mon.- civilized lands,
lint particularly in Kngland nnd Germany,    where econmmii   development
hns jinn- led     along comparatively
regular lines, ,, historic continuity of
classes. "Oui ol 'lie slave class, as
it was organized by the Itomans in
the countries subject to the Empire"
writes Professor Ingram, "the modern proletariat has been historically
evolvod."   Prom viIl<ins to peasants,
from five tenants to yeomen or small
landholders from retainers to professional men, is a common and discernible evolution. There are breaks
in the process, it is true, due to th.-
rise or fail ol Individuals from one
class to another; to the expansion of
indnstr... which has created now
classes, and to tho overrunning ol
communities and s,..-ii,,ns by hordes
,,f alien workers, displacing the resident workers, lint as under u particular form "f pr,„lint ion tho position of a class In its relation to the
other strata of society remains gen-
_ratly constant, <-,,. too (allowing
for such modifying factors ns dis-
plnccmenl due to capitalist concentration nnd alien Immigration, and
t lie freer opportunities common to
new countries), does it hereditary
personnel Tne children take up the
work of their fa'hers and carry it
on lo the nCXl generation; and
though the son of a physician b,--
.omes a civil engineer or a lawyer.
the son of a baker becomes a shoemaker or n bookbinder, while troops
of boys from the towns nnd country
dock io industrial positions in the
cities, \.et the general vocational
class of the great mass of fathers
and  son-   remains the same
Even in America, despite its comparatively brief hi8tory, its less
regular economic conditions, and its
constant influx of immigrants, the
evidences of clnss heredity aro abundant. Let one take, for instance,
any stable community in tho Middle
West, where the refinement of modern industrial processes has not as
yet caused ii wholesale expropriation
of the "middle class," and compare!
lis character today with that of
twonl", or thirty years ago. He will
find that though the population has
undergone considerable change, and
though the variety and number of
occupations have greatly Increased,
yet tho farmers ,,f today aro In large
purls the sons or grandsons or other
heirs of the fanners of yesterday and
that the mercantile, professional and
even aitisan and laboring classes
show a like heredity ol vocation.
Thai individual exceptions, due sometimes io signal ability, 'but more often to chance, are many, is not to
be disputed, but thev uiv rare compared with the instances that make
the rule. The social Instances centering about the life of a boy tend
strong!-, to conform him to hts tamer's class; and when to these are
added the more powerful determinant of economic Influences, there is
small chance of escape. The child
of the artisan has one environment,
the child of the lawyer another.
Knch feels, thinks, and acts in greut-
or less conformity to his particu-
siirroiindings; and when the time
is reached that the child's future is
decided upon, it is the income and
the intellectual training of the lawyer which determine u professional
qaroor for his child, und the lessor
income and lessor intellectual training of the artisan which determine
for his child n life of manual labor.
The first classes in America were
the product of an older civilization,
and wore imposed on our social '.le
at its beginning. The Mayflower
brought In Indentured servants, and
in the previous year a cargo of negro slaves was sold In .lamestown.
'I'h,. status of tho white servants was
lillle belter than that of slaves. During the term of their bound service
•thev were worked hard, were dress-
ast-off clothes of their ow-
be Hogged as often
master or mistress thought
The nowcomer be
eyes of the law n slave,
Ihe civil  and criminal
und Indians. ,     They were fre
quently sold to speculators, who
cirovo Ihem chained together sometimes, through the country, from
(arm to farm, in search of a purchaser. For nearly two hundred
years this traffic was maintained,
continually adding to the servile'
white class of the North, as the importations of negroes at the South
kept adding to tho servile class of
thul  section.
At lhe end of their term of service these servants sought work for
themselves. Many of them drifted
West, and look up land, many struggled into small business, or developed some particular form of industrial
service. Ilut the rapid development
of American industry, along wi *>
tlie still more rapid appropriation oi
land, had created a proletarian class'
in all lhe large cities; and lhe great
muss of Ibe freed servants went to
swell this body. The existence of a
class of landless "free" workers at
duy   labor   is   revealed   in   pre-llevolu-
tlunar- records. Following (ho Revolution, the development of capital-
Ism in the North caused both bound
service and slavery to disappear, and
greatly augmented lho numbers ol
l hose "free" workers. Though the
outlet of unappropriated lands In tno
West set some limits to the growth
of  this class,   it   nevertheless  steadily
Increased,    The  sufferings ol  tho city
pour were often appalling, nnd the
six-lill writings of the lirsl half of
tho nineteerflb century show that
however hapless may now be the condition of a great part of the working class, it was worse then. Protective ami sanitary laws, labor or-
gaii'/ations. nnd the general Influence
of manhood suffrage, all of which
combine in our day to set .some bar
lo the otherwise inc-cnpenble loli-
bery of "free" workers under capitalism, were as yet un'-lnown or uf
bin   slight   efficacy.      Winter   in      the
the product of a'ny particular shop
arc widely distinct; and throughout
all society there exists a gradation
of groups  of  men  with varying   re~
(Continued on Page Four.)
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The St. James Gazette of London,
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The New and Enlarged Edition recently _-<
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Mautactirer tl
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were on the firs, ol January, 1H2(;,
nt least one-fourth of the Journeymen  in its  (IKToi'on,   mechanic     arts,
destitute      of      settled   employment."
francos Wright (Madame d'Arus-
mont) gives a darlaar picture of the
winter of 1828-1829; while Horace
Greeley, writing of the same period,
but particularly of tho 'dead'' season oi 1H:U-1S:'2, says: •Mechanics
and laborers lived awhile on the
scant) savings of the preceding summer and autumn; then on such credit as they could wring from grocers
und landlords, till milder weather
brought them work again.
It wu- much lhe same overj winter."
Ten thousand persons were in utter
poverty in New York City during the
winter of 1888-188., while in 1848,
according to Porto Godwin, forty
thousand persons, or about one-ninth
of the city's population, were relieved al the aliiishou.se. America may
have boon another name for opportunity, as Kmer-on suid. but it is
evident thut lo hundreds of thousands of persons opportunity Itself
was but a name. A landless, proletarian class had become a fixed and
enduring stratum in American lit*.-.
The existence of classes here in
republican America is often indig-
nantly denied. But upon what valid grounds tho denial is made would
bo dtnieuli to discover. Industrial
evolution has resulted in a vast differentiation in kinds of employment,
and it has amplified and extended the
t'lindaineiilnl differences in the relations of men to production itself nnd
to the system of production. The relations of the toollcss employee and
of  the   factory-owning  employer     to
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We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in conventi a a 1 embled, affirm ou -
-Megiance to and support of the principles and prog.an*, of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should *uctly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs tbe product of labor.'
The present ecuiic mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist ia
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
Tbe interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property In
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in 1
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist* to hold:
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workert*
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, ct capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, aa speedily
ai possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
role of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of tha working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tie public affairs placed in
its hands in such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between tbe capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spretnacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and tbe program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Admitted to Local.
I    ;,
.' 1
•   1
1 i  ''
1 •
■ ! m
■ ■
.   N>   -
 ■■! II -ll       I-—ill 1*1 III IIIIM   II I   III     Jill        _■!■_
II       HI'
aAttmDAY, OCT.
Socialist Party of Canada
J. O. MORGAN, Secretary. Vancouver. B. 0.
The regular business meeting of
the Vancouver Local, was held at the
headquarters on Monday evening,
Oct. 2nd. Comrade Morgan in the
After tbe adoption of the minutes
of tbe last meeting, and the authorizing of warrants for bills payable,
a communication from the Victoria
Local, suggesting sundry changes in
tbe Constitution, was ordered to be
laid on the table to bc taki-n up before thc delegates to Convention art-
After reports of committees, Comrade Morgan read a telegram from
Comrade Lewis, of San Francisco,
stating tbat hc would come to Vancouver immediately.' It was ordered
that the Comrade lie engaged to
apeak in Vancouver on SatuUlny and
Comrade English was added to the
programme commute and made chairman thereof. The -meeting then adjourned after receiving the financial
report which showed receipts of
The Ixx-al again met on Monday,
Oct. 9th., Comrade Stebbings presiding.
After the adoption of the minutes
two applications for membership,
were ordered to trke tlie usual
-ourse. and under the order of com
munications and bills, warrants were
ordered drawn covering some forty
dollars of expenses. After receiving
the reports of committees, the programme Committee wns authorized
to continue the services of Comrade
Lewis for another week, and to engage the City Hull for next Sunday
A motion to instruct the Provincial Executive that we do not consider it necessary to hold the annual convention this year was lost,
and the question of location for cou-
'vention resulted in the choice of
Comrade burns was elected chairman for next Sunday evening at the
City   Hall.
After the receiving of the financial
report showing gross receipts for the
week of S">7.85, exclusive of a balance in the secretary's hands of ninety cents donated for the express purpose of purchasing coal for the headquarters, the mtvting adjourned.
Box, 836, Vancouver.
In referring to the prospective trouble in the Pennsylvania coal regions,
Hearst's Los Angeles Examiner, of
Sept. 80, says, editorially:
"The big coal strike is coming—
sooner or later—and tbe coal mine
'owners' are ready.
"They propose to refuse recognition of .the union. They propose to
Agfat against the labor-saving device* Imposed by law to save min-
*re' lives. They mean to continue
overcharging for powder, and to
force the men to give three thousand pounds for a ton.
"There is no question that the
man will bo forced into a strike sooner or later.
"The fighting of union labor is in
the air—and a series of strikes in
which the employers have won makes
inem eager for new victories.
"The Beef Trust beat their workmen.
"The street cars in New York City
were made into 'scab' roads with the
aid of Murphy and Mayor Mc Chilian
backing up their owner, Belmont.
".'The employers think that there is
not   much    fight left ln the    union
workman   and they mean to go    at
him on all sidea.
"The big strike will have to come
and as we have said,  the owners of
the mines and the railroads ore rca-
"■y _-_-_-_-__■_■_-■
They have piled up many mill ons
ot tons of coal—near the railroad
tracks and near the big cities. They
have been getting tlheir labor cheap
enough, and they have been running
on full time—getting lots of coal
ahead to be ready for the strike.
"Of course it costs money to pile
tip the millions of tons of surplus
coal—and of course they have lost
interest on that 'money.
"But that does not worry them.
"The labor in a ton of coal represent* very little money. That sum
of ten times over will be added to
the customer's bill when the high
prices are quoted.
"The coal strike will be the EX
CUSE for high prices.
"While the public pays a big price
and the miners' families go hungry
the mine owners will evict the families of miners from their shanties,
rake in the strike profits and laugh
"It will not lie a pleasant experi-
«_ce or an easy fight for the workmen. If they win, it will be after a
bitter and violent struggle. The coal
is there piled up in the mountains all
ready for the strike. What can the
men do to win?
"It is even likely—if they tail to
strike of their own uccord—that they
will be pushed into rebellion by a
halfway lockout. Tho owners want
revenge for the last strike, and they
wa_t to 'teach their men a lesson.'
"It will be a hard lesson. But it
will not be w«stcd. And when it is
learned, let the mine-owners look
out. lt will im their turn to learn
"The lesson that the miners must
learn ls this:
"While they let the mine-owners
own railroads, and legislatures, and
make laws, their strikes can do nothing permanent. Ihe trusts are ar-
Everybody knows that.
"The men must lie organized for
l<olltical action, or they must remain in hopeless uncertarntv. on
small pay. varied b.v painful strikes.*'
Although tin- Examiner man sub-
HBquenUy rfiha off into a lot of New
Zn-aland rubbish and nonsense, such
editorials are too perilously noai* Untruth to be of any substantial value:
•in conserving capitalist interests. It
worker* are once taught the fu-
strnggle against the master class.
William Randolph had better watch
his "young men" a little more closely or they may perchance be the
menns of setting other workingmen
to thinking along the same lines.
Mem who think nre dangorous to
capitalist tyranny.
ing of all was thc decision that if
the progress of the Social lK-mocra-
lic movement lie in danger of being
checked or hampered b.v (.lOVvinment-
al interference, whether administrative or legislative, the workers shall
retort by proclaiming a univetsal
Any   interference   with     th
still holding out. Then the l'ana-
niiin policemen, armed with clubs approached the laborers, and on their
refusal to quit, begun to club them
right and left. The /one police, a
few minutes later, assisted in the
clubbing, but with better judgment,
and  less     indiscriminately ''      '
IX    ^nv'inierJere^e'Vnh^^e an ^indiscriminately      About
ng.,,   of meeting.   liberty  of,he press 0£   0^^^^  *£   t
or res.neon o<  suffrage will he met ■■   • sont
by  this expedient,  which the    Kaiser     '■     u . N
regardf" as revolutionary.   The*ide- »-■   '■ ,__,, ,,.■_,_ and
-^rations are regarded as _ dol.be,- ^v.. '>'   "      ,vlW bleedlwt    fro_
ilarations are regarded as a deliberate throwing down of the gauntlet to
thc Kaiser, who is not likely to
stand being flouted in this fashion,
although every effort he makes to
defeat the Social Democratic movement in the present conditions of
Cerman working class life, only
gives it increased strength." — New-
York  World.
_ o	
The Kansas City Star, a leading
western daily, men,ions the fact that
fo"(ir elaborate histories of the United States are now issuing from the
press, while the fifth has been announced.. In length they range from
ten to twenty-eight volumes, and at
least, two of the five promise to be
of the first rank. The Star points
out that these modern histories that
are lieing written, the "most comprehensive documents ever undertaken," are not based merely on "past
politics," as has been the rule follow ed by Bancroft, Adams, Windsor
and others, but upon the thoroughgoing Marxian conception of economics, which is unquestionably a
great triumph for Socialistic philoso
phy.     The same paper adds: a
"The modern historian cannot, for
instance, regard the Revolution as
caused by the capricious tyranny of
a wilful government. He traces the
causes of irrigation in the restric
tions on trade and manufacture that
were a part of the regular colonial
policy of the age. He shows the development of a distinctive temper,
bred  of  the conditions of life
China is about to organize a modern enlisted army of 1,000,000 men
on the Herman modern order, to form
its own bulwark against foreign aggression, regardless of the Anglo-
Japanese treaty, according to t!en-
vral Yin Tchang, the Chinese Minister at Berlin. Iho general has been
recalled to """akin, und will probably
be entrusted with the re organization
of thc army in the capacity of Minister of war.
"China's future was never brighter
ihon now," said General Yin to your
correspondent today. "The Anglo-
Japanese treaty guarantees us such
a period of security from foreign ug
gression, that we have resolved to
create a real army. China must
work out its own salvation. At
present it i.s not ready for foreign
When asked if the army, when organized, would be employed in a
race struggle against the whites,
Qeneral Yin replied, "Have we reason ,o love the whites? Do the
whites love us'' We can easily understand the restrictions against the
coolies, but the shutting out and persecution of educated Chinese, as prnc-.,
Used in some countries, cannot be
defended and now must cease. Any
friendship between the yellow race,
and the white race will remain impossible until China shall prove herself able to defend her own interests.
Then that friendship will grow on a
basis of full equality. 1 am happy
at the prospect of participating personally in the reform work my country has decided  to inaugurate.
"I hope that our serious efforts to
bring the Chinese civilization up to
date, will benefit all humanity."
General Yin Tchang is one of China's most brilliant soldiers. He was
educated in the German army and
speaks the Kaiser's language like a
native  Berliner.—Press  Despatch.
several  of them  were  bleeding
ugly  wounds.
Boeing that resistance was useless,
the men yielded. Many of them had
not eaten since Saturday. At five
o'clock, nil the laborers, who were
in a pitiable condition, were placed
on a train, which left for Oorazal,
where they will he put to work.—
Montreal  Star.
Tho above needs no comment. Those
villianotis working men, having manifested a disposition to violate the
sacredness of contract well deserved
the treatment ihey received. Thc
fact lhat they were lurc_ into the
contrail under misrepresentation am]
false pretense. b\ no means detracts
from their guilt in breaking it. The
right to lie and swindle, cheat and
defraud workingmen, i.s among capitalisms most cherished rights, and
should not be questioned. It should
Ivc remembered thc t'annl Zone is under the folds of Old Glory, and slavery could no more exist their than
under the Union
out for yourself.
"This classification (employers and
employed) has been growing in importance, in Washington's administration, let us say, it at least would
ivot have been unreasonable for an ordinary laboring man to expect to become the manager of a business of
his own. Nowadays it is absurd to
hold out to the masses of men such
a prospect.. The few may rise as
the few may draw prizes in u lottery, but it is foolish for an ordinary workman to look forward to
great wealth or to the ownership of
an independent business. There are,
for example over a million persons
engaged in the railway business in
the United States, but less than one
l>er cent, of them are officers of nny
sort, let alone being jiersident of the
Jack.      Figure     11
in  t\M\
trility of the revered strike and boycott, and become imbued with the
fart that redemption from the industrial ills under which they are suffering lies in the political conquest
ol their masters, it is not a "far
cry" to the time when they will discover how to realiJ-c the fruits of
such a victory once it has been attained. Thousands of t hem are already beginning to understand that
the gates of economic liberty can
only be opened to the working class
as a    result     of successful political
New World. From these and simi
lar considerations, he points out that
a rupture was inevitable, though not
perhaps, the accompanying war.
Again, in dealing with the slavery
question, the modern historian does
not praise the North and censure the
South. He points out that slavery
flourished where economic conditions
made it profitable, and that it declined where it was not easily put
to industrial use. The economic interpretation of history, which was
first elaborated by Marx iii the middle of the last century, has given a
new impetus to historical studies.
Thus it happens that American history is now Ix-ing written on an el-
aliorate scale and from a new point
of view."—Appeal   to Reason.
Kaiser "Bill" of Deutehland, a
most "amoosin" cuss, and the European counterpart of the "strenuous"
gwit who presides over the destinies
of the "land ot the free and the home
of the brave." has been having
trouble of his own lately. At the
recent army manoeuvres he got stuck
in the mud just like a common mor.
tal and had ,o be ignominiously
dragged out of his ignominious position by a coiqile of lieutenants, losing one ro> V. boot in the operation.
But his most serious trouble, how-
••ver, is caused by something more
sticky thnn mud nnd which promises
in the caurse of time to strip all the
ridiculous duds from the royal back.
This, of course, makes his royal highness somewhat uneasy, as the following will  show:
"The Kaiser is furiously angry over the success of the Social IMnocra-
tic Congress just concluded at Jena.
He had l»een" assured by von Bue-
low. who fully believed it himself,
thnt the congress would result in a
split, destroying the effective power
of the party for n long time, but the
Socialists have emerged from the
congress perfectly uniled, stronger,
more dauntless and more determined
than ever to wage war against the
Kaiser's absolutist pretentions, and
against  militarism.
The strife between Editor Eisner,
of the Vorwearts. and Editor Mvh-
ring. of the Ix-ipztg Yolks*-eitung. as
to the methods of the press campaign has txvn stilU-d. Eisner was
charged with Iveing too namby-pamby
while Mehring, on the other hand
was considervd too ferocious. Both
parties agreed to abide by tho decision of a K|>ecial committee appointed to consider the subject.
Then thc congress derided emphatically in favor of holding a labor festival on May 1, no matter what obstacles the Government and the employers may interpose. This apparently trifling matter was really most
significaot ns a demonstration of defiance to the Kaiser, who has denounced this labor festival idea as
But  tbe most vital and far reach-
Six hundred and fifty laborers from
Martinique brought here yesterday on
ihe French steamer Versailles, under
contract to work on the canal, refused to debark or submit to vaccination, which is imperative under tho
American sanitary regulations. They
clamored to tie taken back to Mar-
inique, claiming that they hndvbeen
misinformed as to the conditions
here liefore Ihey embarked, and they
later learned these conditions were
intolerable nnd deadly. Five hundred of them were with difficulty persuaded to laud, nnd these were
sent to points along the line of the
canal. One hundred and fifty re*
mgined on board and declined to
leave the ship under any consideration. These were forcibly ejected
from the vessel yesterday afternoon
by Panama and canal zone policemen, but not until nearly every one
of them had been clubbed, und several were bleeding from bad wounds.
Early yesterday the French consul
M. Bonhenry, appealed to the men
to listen to reason, explaining that
they had left Marlinhpie under eon-
tract with the canal zone immigration agent, guaranteeing the payment of their passage here, and that
while working on the canal they
would have, in addition to their wage* a guarantee of free quarters and
free medical attendance. The men,
IJOwever, were not amenable to reasoning. Notwithstanding the efforts
of the consul and of the Panaman
and American officials, and despite
the information given them by several of their countrymen that health
and o ber conditions on the ibthmue
were satisfactory and the terms of
their employment would enable them
to save money, ihey persistently re-
fuseti to leave the ship, hurting their
breasts and invoking death in preference   to going nshore.
The captain of the Versailles, who
all through *h° trouble, displayed an
extraordinary amount of patience,
told the men he was ready lo takj-
back to Martinique all those who
were able to pay their passage, but
ihe men argued that the French Government would In- willing to reimburse the steamship company and
that they themselves were |»*nniless.
Before noon, at the instance of M.
Raven, the agient of the company,
and of the French consul, a squad of
twelve Panama police went on board
the vessel and told the men that
force would be used if they persisted
in their refusal to disembark. Seeing thnt the police were armed with
bayonets and guns, the men again
barred their breasts and said they
preferred death to lieing taken ashore
Governor Melendez, Mayor Andron,
chief of "lolice. nnd others, argued
wilh (he men, but acrain without effect. Ten additional policemen arrived at the wharf, but ,he Governor
wishing to avoid bloodshed, and considering (hnt the police force was insufficient, telegraphed to President
Adnmor. asking permission to use
the canal /one police, to which the
President consented. In the meantime twelve policemen from the
zone arrivi»d at the dock and wen-
being held in readiness.
At two o'clock the laborers: were
infr.rm«-«1 they would lie given two
hours to reconsider their decision.
and at four o'clock, three of them
consented  to disembark,    the   others
An individual of the name of
George Grey and his wife, who is addressed as "my lady" so that none
shall mistake her for n mere woman,
are about to visit Winnipeg and are
to be met by a large number of
Winnipeg tuft hunters and escorted
somewhere or other by n procession.
The question of precedence in this
procession has caused great trouble
and heart-burning among the various so ieties who are oignnizing
this exhibition of sycophancy. The
Question was decided by drawing lots
fbui the tquestion that naturally arises in the sane mind, the question of
why a procession at nil. was not
touched   upon.
What has this man done to merit
an escort of citizens in any town ?
Nothing, absolutely nothing. The
humblest laborer is ninny times more
useful to the community. Earl Grey
never did a useful day's work in his
life, an idle parasite, living on the
product (if other people's work, head
of a public house trust which extracts profit from the slinging of
booze which trade this man professes
to deplore, a man who, not on account of any merit but solely by accident of birtli hns been appointed
as the ornamental figurehead of the
Canadian government, ond who
thinks no shame to draw the pay
from the Canadian people for do'-g
nothing. This is the kind of man
Winnipeg delights to honor.—Spartacus,  in Winni|H>g Voice.
WANTED; by Chicago wholesale
house, special representative for
each province in Canada. Salary
$20,00 and exin-nses paid weekly.
Expense money advanced. Business successful; position permanent,
No investment required, Previous
experience not essential to engaging. Address
Qeneral Manager, 183 Lake St.
Chicago,   111.,   I'.S.A.
••"•Mil Street, Cedar Cove
Mounting  large Came Ht.a,js
Taxidermist and Furdreg.^
°PP People', ThMiJ
VANCOfVliK. B, c "**■■
SIB Puftr SI.
I Burns & Co.
Second Hand Dealers
ACCOUNTING. *•">'* ,o 1100 par
month salary assured our graduates under bond. Vou don't pay us
until you have a position. I .urges,
system of telegraph schools in America. Endorsed by all rrtilway officials. OPERATORS ALWAYS
IN DEMAND. Ladies also admitted. Write for catalogue. Morse
school of Telegraphy, t'iuciunalli,
0.; Buffalo, N. Y.; Atlanta, Cu.;
Ln Crosse, Wis.; Texarkana, Tex.;
San Francisco,  (.'nl.
Twenty-five  protectant  bodies have
missions in  Ja|win.     Thc troubles of
the  .Japanese  did  not   end   wilh     the
.lose of  the  war  with Russia.
Mrs.    Hardlippe— John,      I'm    sure
there's  n   burglar  in   the  house.    Mr.
I know what it
I feel sorry for him;
is  to  work  hard for
To deal at the Red Cross Proscription Drugstore—its modern implements for |ierfeet compounding — its
superior system of preserving medicines with their original strength and)
parity, and its skillful and poins-
laking prescriptionisis, lends its aid
to the sick and lame.
French   Hair   Pomade,   50c jurs for _">
Razors,   best  makes S.'i,   for     t-2
Witchha/el   Cream,  2.V- for IfiC
Extract   Wild  Strawberry,  Sfk for 2»
Churchill's Kidney Cupe, Si  for nr>c
Embrocation Si, for   <>.v
Porous Plasters, 25c each for ... 1-Jc
Electric Belts.  Sl*n,  for    tlOlwill  greatly
20 Per cent. Saved on Your i n
Prescriptions Here
Largest and cheapest st0(_ u(
Cook Stoves In the City.
Boom   Chains,    An
gors'   .lacks,  Etc.
tort,  Ug-
We have moved into our Ilc.w
and  commodious  premises
138 Cordova St, East
X 'rant 1579       Vancouver, 8.0.
Fresh Ms*
Salt Meati
A.   HAMLEY.   1
Fish ni
An Opportune
Time for Reading
!*rop in and see our splendi.
■S   reading   matter.   Tr,
_c hange.   Return two
zr 'ive one new one.
326 Abbott Street       Vancouver, 8. Cl
M il orders prompt!-,   i tt i ded to -
1(1  assoriuit-nl
<iur     boojf
1<1 ln.oks and
Butcher—1 need a boy about your
size, and will give you $1 a week.
Applicant—Will I have a chance to
rise? Butcher—Yes; 1 wont you to
be here at 1 o'clock in the morning.
According to the London Lancet,
the plague in India continues with
unabated virulence. From Januar
lst to April 22, of the present year.
<3:J,0,9tiS were sent to their grave by
this awful scourge.
By breeding and feeding his fowls
in a special way, iX scientist in Wiesbaden, Germany, has been able to so
increase the natural ipiantity of iron
in eggs that they are medicinal and
useful for the cure of various diseases The attention of the Doctors'
I'nion should be called to this as n
gross infringement r. he privilege,
of their trade.
(Continued in Next Issue.)
gulnr product, and to production as
a whole. Professor Ely, in his most
recent book, frankly concedes the
fact of dosses in America, briefly explaining their genesis and development •
"If we take any definition which
we will as a guide, w<- must acknowledge that We have classes in the Un-
tod States. We have groups of individuals who possess common characteristics. They have their own peculiar habits of bod.\ and of mind,
and their oun peculiar needs. The
farmer has his own way of looking nh
things, the merchant another way.
The wnge-vniner, especially as hc develops, os he is doing, class consciousness, has still other ways of
doing things and viewing affairs. The
chief classification in our own day
is that which is caused, on one hand
by variations tn wealth, and on the
other, by a separation between the
employed  and  the employers."
And  again,   in    the     same     work,
dwelling    upon  the clearer delimitation of cla«s lines under mohern   bo-
'  '   processes,   he  writes:
Belladonna   Porous   Plasters,   25c
for    12}c
Face Powder. "»IK- |x-r box for... 2">c
Electric  Belts  16 per cent,  reduction
on price.
Florida   Water,   50c  large  size for .'KV
Phosphate  of   Soda,   |>er lb  tin...  !l;*>c
Talcum Powder, perfumed kind, 25c
for   10c
Electric Liniment, 50c size for 25r
Stewart's  Kidney  Pills,  50c  a box
for   80e
Dyspepsia Tablets,  ">0c a box for 80c
Embrocation,   75c  size,   for     50c
Embrocation, 50c size for   '10c
Whisks,  25c  kinds,  for     10c
Chamois Skins, 50c each, for ... 25c
Fluid Magnesia, 25c bottle for 15c
Our Own  Kidney  Cure,  $1 bottle,
for    75c
Antiseptic   Tablets,   largo  bottles.
for   25c
Mrs.  tlrcy's  Complexion  Soap,  50c
a box,  for     25c
Rosalin Facial Cream, 25c for 15c
Cream  of Glycerine and  Hoses,   25c
for       15c
Cucumber Cream. 50c for   .'15c
Fountain   Syringes,   Hot-water  Bottles,  from 80c each to   S'J.50
Special   prices  in   rubber  goods  for
one week,  etc.,  etc.,  otc.
'Phis Issue is No. H42. It tin
the number upon your address Blld
your subs ription expires with ibisl
number. If further copes are (l(...*if*f
ed, renewal should be made at ones
If care is taken to renew before IN
expiration of the old subscriptions ill
Impllfv rnalU?ra in this
oiiice ns well ns avoid any brcaji ill
eipt of papers,
Box H'lo,
Van ouvor ll. ('.
Negligee Shirts]
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now bere-l
some of the choice ones will be wl-l
early, and some of the -Willi wl
cannot duplicate. If yon rpiwIsmI
unusual styles it will a't m ri- '-|
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Ttt taartut Sett Hat ot the Statti
These Hats have been enthusiastically received by young men from
the very first day we broughl theffl
out. Neither trouble nor e-PeMJj
has been Raved in the production «
those goods, as you will choerluUI
acknowledge  upon examination.
68 Cordova St., opp   P. Burns it Co.
110 Cordova Street
Cash Grocery Store I
. of Furnl-
a I    prices
I      Kindl)'
We also carry a full  li"
ture,   on easy  payments,
that  cannot   be   duplicate
Inspect our stock.
Cor Wettnloster Ave and Harris Stmt |
We «olidt the busl*_*» of Manufacturers,
■f-nfriuec's and others who realize die ailvlsaliil-
i*y of tiariu,; tlieir I"alent tuiM-irs* tran-acted
ly Experts. Preliminary advice free. Cha r*re»
moderate. Onr Inventor's Adviser lent upon
reqnest M»fi'>nJ"i Marion, New York UU* BMg,
Uoutreal: auJ Washington, U.C, V.bJa.
2 Cordova   St,    next   to Harvey's.
Thero are still  n number  of houses within  the radlu
Electric Lighting system that nre using coal oil lamp*
should not be.
The Electric Eight  ia tho   modern   light,   the  safe   lighl
convenient,  light,  the cheap light.       ONCE    USED,
USED;   that  is why we n.sk,  you to try it.
Call  and seo the Chief of   our Lighting Department
the matter over.
ol  '
I    till!-


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