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The Western Clarion Mar 25, 1905

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 +s>-
"egK'^eT^V
*a
T;ME WESTERN
ION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
TH*   Jj^
h
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, March 25, 1905.
subscription Price
Pa* Ybab
Sl.00
■'pi'I
I
I
■ J
i
PLAY OF DRACON'S TEETH
Coarse Exhibition tl Valaarity ltd Power it Rtttvtlt Itiugtral
Killing class display is nothing if
lot vulgar. Without exception its
uciety functions are vulgar to tho
loiut   of   being   disgusting.    This   iu
Is pronouncedly so of the present rul-
ig class as of any of its predeces-
jrs.    The very fact of rule itself is
)\v, coarse, vulgur and indecent, ue-
jnusi' it is but. the expression of pluu-
jer, rapine, pillage and outrage.   Tbe
fell-known capitalist habit of glutting over its wealth, the result of its
iiluge,   the rolling  from  its  tongue
ruiidiose. descriptions of the inugui-
of us thievery termed business;
tul the profuse economiuius bestowed
jMiu   its  prodigious  marauding    ex-
tin 1 ions culled commerce, marks the
esenl as the most disgustingly vul-
' ruling   clans that, ever fastened
lungs in the vitals of human so-
L-ty.
iimvc.or shameless its display of
|iguilty, 11 is equally shameless in
spiuying  us  brutal  instincts  upon
Ieiy occasion,   t.pon days of public
11 inoiiial it takes particular delight
puradiug     oeioi'e .tne n>pnouwjo
jlpuiiice   tne  concrete   inanilesltttiun
us power to enforce its mandate
jiu perpetuate its rule,   inis display
! hired assasins armed with rifle and
Innon, may be imened to that of a
mge uensi displaying us lungs as
iuiieut     of what may oe expected
.mid its lood be disturbed,
ine  United States is supposed   to
a democratic republic,    mis does
It imply a ruling class.   And yet in
Is republic where all men are supped tu be equal before the law, on
4 th  of    the  present  month   was
Incted into Office a president, u ser-
11 of  the people,  the chief feature
(the ceremonies being thu marching
ough  the   streets  of  the  nation ;>
itai, 4o,oi.»u armed and uniformed
Sans.        Such  a  spectacle should
been sunicient to force the Ood-
ol  Liberty  to take in  washing
fa living and the shade of Deino-
py to give up the ghost business,
it   of    all     tlie  gaping  multitude
lined the curb while this display
tmrburic power was passing, who
'ted the sinister meaning lurking
rain  the glitter of uniform,   the
en  of bayonet and the rumble of
Inon wheel?
rre the twentieth century disciples
jle who taught "Peace on Earth,"
hand  to point  it out and   raise
ir pious hands in protest against
In ho far as we have been able
earn they were in evidence upon
auspicious occasion only for the
lose of enjoying the edifying speo
e and  with pious unction give it
ne    sanction.       A   Socialist  who
need to be there took in the sig-
unce  of  the  displny,   which   was
0 n  remarkable thing for one of
dreamily destructive cult to do.
Comrade Frnnklin II. Wentworth
he  Appeal  to  Itenson,  tell  it in
own way as follows:
ishington, I), p., March .*>. 1905.
Teddy's Hig Stick; Souvenir of
Inauguration!" cried the fakirs,
was a short stick, sharpened at
end and covered with colored pa-
and the people bought them by
thousand as     mementoes of the
His. the symbol of brutality, cont'd   in      its psychological  signifi-
the  essence  of yesterday's  na-
|al function.
was military. Thousands and
iisonds of men with guns. Three
Irs and a half of medievalism with
|eterogoneoiis     tail  of politicians
school-boys.
"here  were   nine  workingmen—and
looked   the    frauds   they were
workingmen  out. of forty thou-
|d-   They wore dirty oilcloth capes
caps with the miner's lamp as a
l»r.   They carried nn oilcloth frame
"*hlch   were  painted  these words:
me  honor    the  man   who  settled
strike."
Ihis was labor's share and tribute
he  Inauguration  of  the president
he     United   States.   There were
of them,     and they hung their
s   in  a  conscious,   rringinr/    way
Ihey   marched  behind   the  "TarilT
of Cleveland  In silk hatR and
Prness coats.
*>rty thousand soldiers, nnd nine
'kingmen, were out to do honor
lie president, a proportion of con-
•rs to producers that is radiant
significance, and mirrors the
'■s of our civilization,
lo after mile of men on horse-
so sulendid in gold braid and
irs thnt one wondered why thp
d in His wisdom had not brought,
r spirits Into the world in the
les of roosters, thnt they might
♦ out. their lives in a society that
bored no derision.
I after mile of marching nuto-
; men from the working class
no minds save that of their
Iters. The soldier never thinks. If
Ma there would be no soldiers,
would be no war. There would
> capitalism.
I  stood and watched them flic
fin interminable number I felt a
b.  hoi pi oss sense of  rage,  and I
ed  curiously  Into  the faces    of
cheering crowd in an effort to de-
the sources of their enthusiasm,
were they cheering these men In
rtrm.   these men who carried the
himonts of murder at  their sides
and   on   their   shoulders,    and
fged them behind them on wheels?
What was there in these men to cheer
—these men who all down history
have shouldered their pikes or their
muskets and gone forth to kill other
tneii; men whom they did not know;
111111 who never did them any harm;
men who were loved by women and
children at home—as they were?
Was it the music? Was it because
the music hunger of the human soul
so transported the listening crowd
that it could not see it was the fair
shield of sound and glitter that covered collective assussination? Was it
the rythm of marching feet—but another expression of music-hunger? Ah,
then, tne stupendous crime of human
greed, which covers its lust for power and spoils with trumpet calls that
set the spirit swaying till it slays
and knows it not!
These marching men were my masters Let me see what light 1 may;
let me have the most entrancing vision of a comrude world that ever
came to man; the dead weight of
their marching columns, the stupendous power of their ignorance, would
crush my ideal in the mire.
Wc cannot get free alone. No man
can be free until all men are free.
"Lordy, look at 'em, Miss Jennie!
All a-learnin' how to fight!" said an
old colored "auntie" at my elbow as
the cadets from West Point marched
by.
Twenty centuries of Christianity—
and the flower of American youth
trained to professional assassination
in the "year of our Lord" 1905! Was
there ever s'ich stupendous, such stupefying hypocrisy? Theodore Roosevelt kissing the Bible in the hands of
of the chief justice of the.nation, surrounded by forty thousand muskets'
lt wus the soldier who made the
parade of yesterday; the soldier's
hour is on the dial of the American
republic. The soldier is the millstone that may yet drag us under.
And yet, ns the cavalry galloped
by. and a stumbling horse threw his
rider to the asphalt not twenty feel
away, I was not the last to spring
into tho road, wave off the troop and
drug his senseless body to the curb.
He was my brother.
We pushed bock the crowd and laid
him on the soft earth of the park,
till the ambulance might come. He
had struck the asphalt with the back
of his head. Me lay there with a
thin stream oozing from between his
lips. It was blood—blood and tobacco.
Blood and tobacco! Somehow it
seemed to symbolize the whole military tradition.
Hlood mixed with poison, with
dope—a stupefied manhood. A manhood not yet come to consciousness
—mere body, in which the divine light
of intelligence had not yet sprung into flame. A huge, collective, ignorant, mass moved by strings of greed
to crush nnd blight the budding human flower.
I have mingled much with the people iu the last two days; the inaug-
uriition brings till sorts and conditions to the capital; hut for foulness
of utterance and habitual vileness of
thought und metaphor, the soldier
stands supremo. He seems to be actually the lowest of the human animals on the rood towards civilization
I could not help but think, as 1
went among them, of the congregations of workingmen in which I have
mingled during the past year—men
with ideals of a bettor worlds; men
of dean conversation, discussing
principles: men whose moving motors
are idealism and hope for the future.
It is a far cry from such an atmosphere to the barracks of the regular
army—like passing out of the serene
starlight into* a foul and noisome
den.
You cannot herd men together like
swine, without ideals, without principle, with nothing to do but drink,
and gamble, apd lust, and not get as
a result  the dregs of immorality.
Militarism is capitalism's most abhorrent crime; it steeps its victims
in infamy, and it purchases their
thoughtless collective obediaence at
the cost of all that is noble in man.
A common soldier today is*thc carrying over Into daylight of a creature of the night; tho survival of a
past of which he is the symbol of a
hiimun horror. He is tbe archtype of
assassin, who. under the guise of
fulse patriotism, keeps th- thought
of murder in the world. While governments kill individuals will UU.
No life will be sacred until all life is
sacred.
o
crlt.  SST'tU|*ot«At2 fromethD„em0- \\ TheSC  «*»*W  "PP^-ities  to
bematorial    Aa       f CnwJ° »"- ™ak« ^Preme    asses   of    themselves
Peabody   declared    entiUed    to   X tnf™'  ?"!'*? ^ **"'  b° "'a<U'
HP»t      "Thi*    i„.T    c"'"*-'ea    to    the the  most   of  bv  the    w se  mivs    of
office foT one davr„nP7,l0n held  "*" *ttbo''    «*«• ^W are thu/enJagS I
in   favor   of  McDonald    the" JEST ta   mfin«  aSses  of   themselveSK ?he
unt-tiovernor.     anSer     Heoubli,an ^'^   '^  °'   ^,ist   ™W
,     anomer     Hepubliean. are   in   up   way    threatened,     which
Thus is afforded an opportunity for
the foolish workingmen of that state
who boosted for Adorns at the late
election, to get themselves well in
fettle for the time the next election
conies round, to muke another struggle to get, the Republican twecdle-dec
out and the Democratic tweedle-dum
THE SUBWAY-ELEVATED STRIKE
Some Reaut Why it Ctilapied Inside ef t Week.
makes    their    action    equivalent     to
"killing  two  birds  with one  stone."
 o 1—
Parker Williams' amendment to the j
Elections   Act,   reducing   tho   deposit j
from S2Q0  to $50 is still  before  the
Provincial  House.
Riifus  W.    Weeks,  of the class   of, Britain and rapidly in this country.
WISEACRES WRESTLE WITH WIGS
Among the other weighty matters
wrestled with by modern legislators
We uote tho following recently introduced into the Provincial House;
"112. The weaving or use of ^hu
customary official wigs, or of robes
of any color other than black, by
Judges, ilurristers or Registrars of
ibis Court, during the sitting of thu
Court or in Chambers, is hereby prohibited.
"Any person violating any provision of the foregoing shall be liable on
summary conviction to a penalty not
exceeding twenty-live dollars and not
less than ten donllars for each
such offence."
A story is told of King George, of
the cannibal islands, having secured
possession of a battered plug hat in
a cocoanut trade with the crew of a
passing whaler, being led by the
specious argument of those skilled iu
buiiunas and u fat dog or two, all of
which in the exorcise ui his singly
authority he "swiped''' Iroiu hit> sun-
jecl.s, lie induced a sudor to place upon purciiuiuiii his royal will in the
form uf a proclamation setting; forth
that which he hud o.ulii proclaimed.
After this had been duly signed by
the royal forefinger dubbed with yellow clay, nnd the royal seal affixed,
the royal forefinger daubed with iel-
countit tree, so tnut all who passed,
whether subject or alien, might read.
The ceremony of affixing the royul
seal was a most, solemn and impressive one performed by swearing the
top ot tne '"plug hat" with colored
clay and by gentle pressure of the
royal Dand from the inside, transferring it to the parchment in question.
That King George und his kingdom
were Ihus happily safeguarded from
taking sides in that fratricidal struggle  between   two  friendly  powers,   is
the art of successful trading, into the . even unto this day attributed to the
belief that it was n crown, without j virtues of that buttered "plug hat."
which no king could be reasonably1 However ridiculous such conduct
certain of being able to impress his I upofl the port of savages might ap-
BUbJects with a proper respect fort pear' to us, it is not a whit more so
kingly dignity and authority. In or-I than the flummery und nonsensical
der to produce the largest possible ceremonial by which our own ruling
cocoanut return in exchange for the class endeavors to invest its acts
"plug," considerable pains was taken; with an impressive dignity. As there
to impress upon him that each Euro-; is nothing in rule Itself to command
pean King, und in fnct every king of \ the respect of those over whom it is
whatever clime, possessed such a j exercised Ihe civilized ruler is forced
crown und because of its peculiar vir- : to resort to garb and ceremonial as
tues was enabled to maintain hisI absurd ns that of the cannibal King
kingship, and enforce due respect, tort George in order to Impress his ignor-
his dignity. Later, another passing! unt subjects with a proper respect
whaler brought to the most noble ! for his authority, and dignity.
Kir.g an account of the Fr&nco-Ger-j There should be no penalty attached to either tlie wearing of such official   toggery1,  or   the  refusal   to  do
man war which was then on. Within !
his authority as a king, and with
true Kingly dignity, he bestreaked
his naked body with various colored
clays and pigments, dawned his
"crown," gathered his faithful subjects about him and proclaimed in a
loud voice and with due solemnity,
that in this great struggle between
two friendly powers it was his royal
wish and purpose to remain strictly
neutral.   For n quantity of cocoanut*
lycjJ, Newark lligli School, actuary
unu second vice-president ol tne -New
lorn Lile insurance company, delivered an address upon the topic,
"Tlie most enieresiing rlicuumuiiu ol
thu i'wonuotii Century, ' at the dinner ol the Alumni Association
inarch 1. ine'speaker declared that
uiu prouiem oi Aoeiuiisin wuulu Oe
me turning question  lo Lie dealt with
a.ui w.icii nn bad ruiisned his uddress|0); condemnation anil contempt; but
most oi nis auditors apparently! u,cSt. critics themselves are of many
ugreei;   with  nun.     ilu developed hi* and  shifting   schools,     and   amidst
These men aro unsparing analysts,
and inexorable forecasters; they have
sounded the depths of the self-unconscious proletarian mind, and tbey
have announced what the will of tha
J working class is to be, as fast as it
on! comes to its sense of itself. Uf course,
there    arc    critics    aplenty    in    the
cultured i hisses who handle the con-
j elusions oi this group with all shade* »
so. The consciousness of making a
spectacle urul a laughing stock of
oneself should be punishment enough
in the first, instance. The latter needs
no punishment, because it is dietuted
by common sense.
When tho race shall have attained
the stature of manhood il will have
discarded all such medieval non.seme
and ridiculous flummery.
SOME SOUND COMMON SENSE
Frtti One Wbt it Ntt tl tbe Class Which Most sell Its Labor Power
The strike on the Subway-Elevated rectly concerned.    One journal comes
ANOTHER HORROR.
Shortly after work had begun In
the R. B, Glover shoe factory at|
Ilrockton, Massachusetts, on tit*
morning of March 20, a frightful explosion occurred in the boiler room,
completely wrecking the building.
Fire broke out and within an hour
the entire plant was in ashes. At
this writing, according to the dispatches, 250 out of the 400 employes have been accounted for, the charred remains of 44 having been taken
from the ruins. This leaves 100 still*|
to be accounted for, and to anyone
familiar with such happenings the
meaning of this will be clear. The
list, of injured numbers over CO.
None of the owners are reporten as
being among the killed or injured.
Capital has suffered the loss of a
few dollars' worth of property.
Those dependent upon tho labor of
the employes killed have lost all that
stood between them and starvation.
The risks of capital are Indeed great.
car lines in New York City week before last, although one of the most
complete tie-ups in the history of
strikes, completely collapsed within
throe or four days of its inauguration. Among the various reasons
given for the collapse, one offered by
the Literary Digest is possessed of
merit. This reason may be summed
up in the words: "the ulacrity with
which other men sought the vacant
places." This "ulacrity" affords an
indisputable index to the condition
of the labor market. It clearly indicates a large surplus of labor power available to those who desire to
purchase. It shows, therefore, a condition of the labor market decidedly
unfavorable to any betterment of
prices or conditions of sale. Against
sdeh conditions and circumstances no
combination of commodity sellers,
however powerful they may fancy
themselves can prevail. None but
Ihe most stupid will make the attempt, at least more thun once. To
men capable of reasoning one lesson'
is quite sufficient,
Tho New York World suys: "To
the success of any strike four conditions are necessary:
1. There must be a substantial
grievance;
2. There must be competent leadership;
3. There must be a clear and
strong public sympathy and support,
4. There must be a chance to win."
This lack of reasoning is quite on
a par with some of that displayed in
so-called labor journnls. The fourth
condition embodies the whole thing,
and that "chance to win" is determined solely by the condition of the
labor market. No amount of sophistical  reasoning can conjure  that
to hand which refers to the tie-in is
a "magnificent exhibition of combined working clnss action." It appears to be true that ull of the employes went out ias one man, but
that it was not working-class action
is proven by the fact thnt. others
took their places almost immediately. The men left their posts in the
face of an overstocked labor market,
and their places were at once Idled
from the surplus stock available. It
was n magnificent exhibition of folly
but happily not "working-class" lolly, as it wns confined to u mere
hand'nl of workmen who were evidently misled by tho cocksure volubility of those to whom they looked
for wise counsel und safe guidance,
With labor power as u commodity
and more laborers thun jobs the wage
must inevitably tend towards the
lowest possible life line. A lurgc
number of laborers cannot be fitted
into a limited number of jobs, so
long as the class that profits by the
labor owns the jobs. Thai some
workers may have jobs others must
bo idle. That some may draw wages
others must go hungry. As ihe job
anil wages proposition cannot lie
made to apply to all workers, the
factors necessary for class solidarity
aro wanting, the elements of cohesion nre lucking among the workers,
and the class action becomes both
impossible and unthinkable, To refer to the part taken by workmen in
thosi squabbles, that are merely incidental to the congested condition
of the labor market of capitalism,
is about us senseless as the babble of
infants, or the whine of puppies not
yet. nine flays  old.
To hurl invirtivos nt those who
take the pin res made vacant by the
strikers   is   equally   senseless.     Tim*
chance to win" out of a market Ithe surplus .labor "in theTina'r'kot'wTii
conditioned as is the worlds labor f-
markct. today. The present condition of the labor market—overstocked—has become chronic and must remain so until tho system whose child
it H comes to nn end. The World's
conditions, one, two nnd three, under no circumstances have anything
to dr. with the matter. They are as
flat os stale beer.
Rival labor trusts, will accuse the
leaders of the one directly interested
in this stupid affair with having betrayed the rank and file. This may
or may not bo true. If any betrayal
has occurred It hns been at the hands
of those who hove led the rank and
file to believe there wns a "chance to
win," nnd in nny manner encouraged
or aided them in attempting the Impossible task. In this the spokesmen   of  the  rival    labor  trusts  are
flow in wherever n vacancy occurs
reasonably certain. To expect it to do
otherwise is equivalent to expecting
the surrounding water to refrain
from filling the hole marie by dipping out. n  pailful.
Tho class interest of the workers
demands tho abolition of the wage
system, l< is n class- Interest because the benefits to come from its
accomplishment aro applicable to
every member of the working class.
Tt being n class interest it alone can
weave  the   ties  of    clnss    solidarity.
Being a class Interest it contains
within itself ihe elements of cohesion to bind the workers together
for class action. Tt nlone can com-
prohond, develop, and wage to sue-
eossfril conclusion, tho clnss struggle
of tho slaves of capital against the
economic   rdlo   of  (heir   present  con
equally  guilty  with   the  leaders  di- soicncoless and unscrupulous mnsters.
suujeci in i lie maimer of u geuiuetri-,
cul  proposition.     lie  suid:
"iiuiu great movement of Which we
huve soon lilo Ijogniuiiiiig in tlie nineteenth iientury, unu oi which the
twentieth century is likely to see tne
cohaumatiun, is the uprising of tho
working cluss.
"Before speaking of this movement
Jet me spend a lew uninteresting mo- j
inenis in definitions, liy the ternii
Working cluss is meant those people
who work with their hands for wages; Ilia term, therefore, does not include all workers, by anv means, but
only the largest sectiun uf the workers called the manual proletariat,
whom the conditions of their employment force into a potentiality of
common feeling and thought, of a
common indignation, a sense of common needs, and a sense of power in
common action.
"Other workers have not this potentiality of community consciousness; for instance, there are the farmers, the clerks', the professional:
workers'. The farmers imagine them-'
Selves independent units, and do not1
know the trick of coalescing for common advance, tfiu clerks ull imagine
themselves to bo on the road to be
huud clerks or even corporation officials, und so cannot league together
in comradeship; the professional
worker i.s dominated by pride in his
individual ability und training, and
so he cannot grasp the notion of
mutual help as the main hope.
"The working class then, the proletariat so-called, means those who
are hired in herds, mostly by corporations, and mostly to work at
machines of one kind or another ;
from the point of view of the corporation they are simply an extension
of the machine. This very merging
of these men into the machine throws
them into a unity with each other;
it is an education, it. teaches the
hopelessness of resistence except by
the way of mutual help; and so from
guerillas they are forced to become
a phalanx. Slowly, slowly the lesson is ground into them; slowly the
phalanxes themselves learn the trick
of grouping into an army. An army
of resistance, not essentially of aggression; for their ellort is to resist
thut inexorable inevitable constant
pressure which is inherent iu the capitalist system of production—the
pressure of the employing class to
get the utmost product out of the
worker for the least possible share
in that product. It is tnis pressure
and the answering insistence which
are called the cluss struggle; tho
class struggle is hence a mathematical and economic fact, though so
many of our pastors and masters
unite in pious rebukes of the wicked
agitator who points out that fact.
"Now whut is the weapon with
which, thus far, the working class
has been fighting in this war? Only
that poor, pathetic weapon—ceasing
to work—comically miscalled "striking.' Their own starvation is their
weapon, coupled, of course, with
clumsy efforts to enforce the dictates
of cluss ethics upon those weak-con-
scfenced individuals who shirk the
call to starvation.
"But now it is dawning upon the
mind of tho proletarian giant that
there is another weapon handy; we
of the 'better classes' created it for
him when wc established universal
suffrage, and wc put the responsibility of the use of it into his mind
when we established universal education. Gifts, these (Uie suffrage
ami education) which having once
glvon we can never tnko back. Tho
new weapon is the ballot; and what
will it mean when the working class
awakes nnd dikes this weapon in
hand lo work out their mind? Tho
ballot means the whole power of the
State- courts, police, army, and
what will happen when the working
class takes in hand all these powers
to establish and enforce the idea of
justice innate in  its mind?
"Even in this country the numerical preponderance of the working
class • grows apace. The successive
censuses toll the story in such items
as these: Tho rapidly diminishing
ratio of farm owners to the entire
population, the declination and reduction to powerlossness of tho small
Independent business men, the deposition of the malo clerk by his sister;
nnd. greatest of nil, tho enormous
Increase Of tho factory population.
Tho coming dominance of tho working class oven here is as sure as mathematics; in Eprope it is already a
numerical fact; nnd twenty years ago
I heard .fames Uryco say thai the
drastic use of (his power is only a
matter of a few years, Tielng a enrol
lory of the universal suffrage. The
bnllot-urmed proletariat, awake nnd
aware, will (hen bo able to work out
its purpose; the grave question now
is:    Whut  will  thai  purpose be?
"There is in (ho world a group of
thinkers who think they know the
answer to this'question, This group
is International'. Its members an
most numerous in'Germany, next In
France, but increasing now in Great
them ull what alone remains unchanged is the terrible certitude of
thu Socialists, for by this name is
known the group I mean. They alone
feel they know the future; none of
their critics dare speak with any confidence ur an alternative outlook,"—
The Socialist.
 o	
PRODUCE TOO MUCH.
Nanaimo, March 22.—With every
car full of coal and the big bunkers
loaded to the top.^-the mines of the
Wellington Colliery Company have
closed down because there is nowhere
to put the coal that is coming out
of them. Oyster harbor is empty of
shipping and no vessel is expected
there for some little time. Under
the circumstances, the miners will
have an enforced holiday for the
present.
In order lo work Extension mines
to best advantage the single-shift
system which was introduced here by
the Western Fuel Company is to be
employed. This -will necessitate the
discharging of several hundred men;
—Daily press.
Thus it is with the workers under
capitalist production. They produce
so much wealth that it cannot be
disposed of. And yet there is a most
crying need for this wealth among
the very class that produces it.
While the capitalists may boast of
"our" wealth and express great satisfaction thereat, the satisfaction of
having produced It all will come
home to tho workers in the shape of
insecure tenure of employment, frequent enf on ed idleness and the pinching poverty incidental to it. • The
discharging of "several hundred
men." by the Wellington Colliery
Company, means that these men
must seek employment elsewhere, only to be confronted by similar conditions. Still the merry game goes
on, the country is safe, and capitalist property still rules.
As the more rapidly they produce
wealth the sooner they ore thrown
out of employment, the workers
ought to see tho necessity of shirking at their work in order that their
jobs might last the longer. As the
Only Incentive a worker can have under the present system is to perpetuate his job, if the rule of shirking
wore followed out, it would no doubt
prove a great relief to those who
fear that "incentive" may in some
way be destroyed.
 o
SUSTAINED HIS  REPUTATION.
W. W. Ii. Mcinnes, who is known
in the British Columbia legislature
as "the Honorable member for Al-
berni," recently visited Seattle and
bought a sack of peanuts, or indulged in a "peanut bust" as it were,
according to a Victoria exchange.
While under the mellowing influence
of the intoxicating peanut he waa interviewed by a reporter of the Seat-
the News, who wrote up a column of
the tally usually dished out by so
much per week scribes of reportorial
fancy and  belly-crawling propensity.
The News man in his write-up, unconsciously perhaps, paid just tribute
to those qualifications that Mcinnes
i.s known to possess in no mean degree, and which has made him famous, in the following words:
"All the reporter could get from
the dim unit he Canadian statesman
were a few more peanuts.
"Mr. Mcinnes is an entertaining
conversationalist. Ho talked freely,
answered ull questions and discussed
fully matters of moment to his country. But when away from the influence of his personality and with
only a coldly unsympathetic typewriter for inspiration, it becomes
alarmingly apparent to the reporter
Ihat. Mr. Mcinnes really said nothing
at all."
For uttering the largest volume of
nothing in the loudest voice, and using the most words in doing it, the
alphabetical Mcinnes holds the championship of British Columbia. To
know that his well-deserved provincial reputation in this respect is sustained when abroad, and even when
under the intoxicating influence of
the Seattle peanut is gratifying indeed, and tends to at least in a
measure detract from the sting of
the reporter's reference to him as a
"diminutivo statesman."
The pastors in New Brunswick, N.
J. (N. J. , no josh), have formed a
union and are affiliated with the central labor body of that city. We
shall henceforth accept no goods In
that line that do not bear the union
label.
Just why those who believe In and
support tho present profit-mongering
system should object to' tho "Beef
rTrust." and Standard Oil magnates
taking advantage of the opportunities it affords, passeth understanding.
To say the least their squeals are-
illogical  in thu extreme.
$■#•'
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«Si^bWi^irleit^6tJkktCA!tT. ViaKb^^ke.
SATITRDAV
March
VA 1005
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SATURDAY
March 2£, 1«.»05
THE UNEMPLOYED PROBLEM.
That there are many unemployed
men in Vancouver at present cannot
be successfully denied. That this
condition of unemployment is not
voluntary upon the pint of these idle
men, is well known. That much privation and even suffering results from
it ia indisputably true. Similar conditions prevail in every centre of population of any size upon this western continent. The proportion of unemployed is greater, the larger the
city, and the volume and intensity
of the privation and suffering correspondingly more pronounced. It is
difficult for those of us who have
lived for years in tbe country districts or smaller towns, to conceive
of tho unspeakable miseries that must
be the daily portion of the great
sweltering muss of unemployed anil
starving wretches that are herded
together within tho confines of the
great cities. To fully realize the
dull, sodden, hopeless misery of great
mosses of workers in the cities—the
very lowest strata of the working
class—one must needs live their life,
■hare their misery, experience the
soul-crushing and hope-blasting torture of their miserable existence.
To have hunger ever gnawing at
■ the vitals, to be scantily clad in the
winter months, to wander aimlessly
up and down the city's streets in
search of work; to be forced to depend upon the scanty crumbs uf the
labor market; to be ever haunted by
the fear of being turned into the
street; to see wife and babe pine and
fade for lack of things the father cannot find means to provide; to be
forced to become the recipient of
charity at the bands of pious frauds
and humbugs; to be driven to do a
thousand and one things against
which every worthy instinct of manhood rises up in fierce rebellion; to
be plunged over the precipiece into
the sinkhole of perdition in which
the jewel of womanhood is lost never
to be regained; to suffer all of these
horrors within the shadow of the
warehouses filled to the bursting
point with everything needful to human comfort and well-being; to Hud
•very avenue of escape from these
horrors barred by the strong arm
of the organized forces of modern society; these are indeed miseries and
horrors beyond the power of language to describe. The most fervid
imagination is unequal to the task.
To picture it requires the tutorship
of actual experience. Rarely does
he who lives the life for any length
of time retain the mental and moral
stamina to wield the brush.
Stories, pitiful in the extreme,
come to us of the enormous mass of
unemployed, and the tremendous volume of consequent poverty and suffering in the large cities of England,
more especially, London. Huge demonstrations have been held on Trafalgar square, and delegations have
been sent to the House of Parliament to urge upon the government
the necessity of adopting measures
to relieve the unemployed and hungry
men. The delegations have been
coldly turned down and treated to
contumely and insult, which to every
one familiar with present-day governments was to be expected.
The working man is the most peculiar animal on earth. He will
starve longer in sight of the very
food he requires to satisfy the gnuw-
ings of his stomach, without making
any serious effort to seize it, than
any other animal in the category.
But some day he will make a move
towards getting it. There will be
something doing then.
At a demonstration held in Trafalgar square, on Feb. 2(1, one of the
speakers took occasion to remark
that if the delegation sent to the
House of Parliament, was not strong
enough' to get in, it was time for
them to "follow the Cromwell example and send one in sufficient number and force next time to clear the
lot out," and added that, "It would
\
be as good a clearance of corruption
as when Hercules cleared the Augean
stables."
Another speaker, a parson by the
way, said that, "he recogrtized that
until they did away with capitalism
they would not have solved the unemployed problem." He then gave
them a mild castigation which
could easily be made to fit the backs
of a lot of workingmen on this side
of the pond, in the following words:
"He was not going to advise them
to be shot down, as he did not think
they had sufficient spirit to revolt;
they were a pack of curs, blind to
their own interests, and always voting for Liberals und Tories." All
of which  was not  bad for a parson.
The key to the situation is the
House of Parliament, in Englund or
any other country. It must be captured by the working class as a first
step towards the abolition of the
present system of property under
which the workers suffer such intense
and overwhelming misery, alongside
of the most gigantic wealth production tho world has ever known.
The workers of England should capture the House of Parliament at, the
hustings if possible. Should they
fuil there it were well to study up
on the Cromwell method.
. STATE   CAPITALISM.
The state of Kansas boa decided to
build and operate an oil refinery, the
building of which will necessitate an
initial outlay of $400,1)00. It is to
be* operated with convict labor. Ostensibly this move has been made in
order to' relieve the independent producers of* tho so-called terrible exactions of tho Standard Oil Co.,
whose offending seems to bo in a» refusal to pay the price for crude oil
which the pockets of the "independents'' deem a suitable one. In their
fight against the Standard, the "independents" have been* assisted by
the consumers whose pockets have
told them that the Standard has
been charging them too much for the
refined product. We say their respective pockets have told them of
these alleged unfair practices upon
the part of the Standard, advisedly,
for it is such a well-known fact' as
to be almost an axiom, that the
present buying and selling, profit-
mongering civilization thinks only
with its pocket book. As the brain
of the profit-mongering tribe lies in
its pocket book, the pocket becomes
its think tank and its every move is
determined by that which the convolutions of its wad may dictate.
Whether the Standard has or has
not been guilty of arbitrarily and
unfairly fixing Ihe price of crude oil,
as well as thut of the refined product is of littte consequence. The
fact remains that this concern is the
logical result of the competitive system. It represents a huge volume of
capital, expressed in its refineries,
pipe lines and distributing facilities,
and it is closely allied with the railroads and other great industries, by
virtue of the fact, that the same men
(big capitalists) practically own
them all. With its enormous and
powerful equipment it is enabled to
marshal and effectively organize in
oil production, a huge army of wage
laborers, against whose onslaughts
lesser capitalists cannot stand up in
competition. As these lesser capitals are crushed to the wall their
owners cry out in agony and rush
w:,dly around in search of means
with which to defend themselves. In
their desperation they appeal to the
State for relief. Anti-trust, antidiscrimination and anti-all-kinds of
laws are passed, only to prove of no
avail. It is needless to sny that all
of these efforts to check the development of capital, by trying to compel it to refrain from exercising its
legitimate privileges, are purely reactionary.
The United States is in the very
vanguard of capitalist development.
It furnishes the most fruitful field
for a study of that development of
any country on earth. As capitalism there had no feudalism to overthrow, ami its struggle with chattel
slavery arose under such conditions
and surrounded by such circumstances as to render it easy to overthrow
it and whip its votaries into submission, it may be said to have had
a practically clear field in which to
develop its power. In consequence
of this, that which has taken centuries to bring about in other countries, hus been accomplished in tho
United States almost within the memory of men now living. From comparatively humble beginnings has
grown up the mightiest capitalism
on earth.
Practically unhampered in its development this western capitalism
has become especially skillful in the
application of the basic principle
from which all capital comes, and
upon the continuation of which depends its stability. That principle
is the skinning of wage labor. In
the United States especially has this
been reduced to a fine art. It has
been left for the state of Kansas to
introduce a now departure in the art
of    labor-skinning,    that    may   well
cause every wage laborer to bend his
brow in thought. Tho action taken
by Kansas and being approved of
and taken up by Texas, Oklahoma,
California and other states, has a
more sinister significance to the wage
slave than anything that has occurred since that class come into existence upon American soil. L*t us
see what has taken place.
The "small fry" in the profit-mongering world find themselves unable
to withstand the onslaughts of the
Standard with its huge capital and
well-organized labor force: These
'small fry" fall back upon the State
for assistance, and the state is at
the present in their hands. With the
cold, brutal and calculating cunning
of the reactionary driven into a corner, the State legislature comes to
their assistance by establishing state
oil refineries to be "operated by convict labor." The Standard buys labor in tho open market, of course
being compelled to pay the market
rate or wage. The Kansas "small
fry" are to be furnished a labor that
costs nothing but prison fare. As
the expense of this prison fare would
have to be met whether the convicts
worked or not it practically means
that the "small fry" are to get their
labor for nothing. A more cunning
and artful scheme could not well be
concocted.
If this Kansas scheme be promptly
followed up by a number of other
states, it will keep the Standard
guessing as to how to offset it, unless it can enlist the aid of the federal power. As that power is in the
hands of the big capitalists it may
be possible for them to frustrate the
scheme, but it is a matter of a short
time only until they will be compelled to resort to enforced labor
themselves. If the "small fry" succeed in their state oil refinery venture it is not a far cry until other
industries will be taken up in a similar manner until the present freedom to chase a job will have become
a legend.
It may be suggested that the
schemes of these "small fry" would
not carry to any great extent because of a lack of sufficient convicts
to man tho industries.. To any one
at all familiar with the easy manner
in which the ruling class always
adapts itself to circumstances, such
a suggestion would "not be worth
considering. The stretching out of
the penal code and the selection of
a few qualified judges and police officials is an easy matter and could
be made to meet all requirements.
It is safe to say that the Vancouver
chain-gang could at this moment be
stretched out by 500 men, should it
be deemed necessary by the ruling
class, and that, too, without altering the penal code or unduly stretching the conscience of either police or
judiciary. lake everything else it is
only a question of power.
While careless babblers may refer
to the Kansas episode as a Socialist
move, let every workingman understand it for what it really is—a move
toward state capitalism, which if
allowed to go unchecked must result
eventually in the loss to the workers
of even the miserable privileges they
now enjoy. A state capitalism builded upon convict labor means a disfranchised working class reduced to
the lowest depths of slavery; a working class that to obtalin its freedom
must resort to the club and bludgeon.
Whatever move is made by the
profit-mongering tribe, whether big
capitalists or "small fry," should,
upon general principles, be looked
upon with suspicion by the workers.
It cannot be otherwise than fraught
with sinister meaning to them.
"Straws show which way the wind
blows." The Kansas move is a
straw well worth watching.
A  GROWING  TENDENCY.
The readers attention is especially
called to the words of Rufus W.
Weeks, vice-president of the New
York Life Insurance Company, as
found upon the first page of this issue. No additional weight should
tie given them because of Mr. Week's
position. His statements should be
weighed and judged upon their merits. If he is able to so clearly see
the drift of things, how much more
readily should he who lives the daily
life of the wage slave see it.
It is indeed a cheering sign when
the students and thinkers of today
are being forced to acknowledge the
correctness of the Socialists' conclusions. Especially trite and to the
point is Mr. Week's criticism of the
strike as a weapon. Our fanatical
trade union friends might ponder
over it without losing anything
worth saving.
 o
The machinery of wealth production is the great organizer of labor
in the economic field. Under capitalist ownership the purpose of the organization is to produce surplus valuo
for the owners. I-et the ownership
be transferred to the working class
and the purpose becomes changed to
that of producing useful things for
the owners. As the organizer of labor its power remains unchanged.
Tho student of affairs in the United
States has of late years been more
or less disturbed over the growing
tendency of the executive branch of
government to usurp power and authority which was supposed to be
vested in Congress. We notice that
writers upon the other side of the
Atlantic are becoming disturbed over
a similar tendency in evidence there.
Complaint is made of the decadence
of the British House of Commons,
the revival of the House of Lords as
a blocking power, and the increased
influence of the Crown. This phenomena should in no way disturb he
who is informed as to the economic
development of human society, and
the influence it exerts in the shaping of all social institutions. In
the infancy of capitalism, while the
common people still had a voice in
the conduct of industrial affairs,
government must of necessity have
confined itself to those things which
might properly be termed matters
relating to the public welfare. Whether tho common people did or did
not actively participate in government, there was little motive for
those who conducted its affairs to
go outside their authority and break
down the traditional customs and
usages in vogue. With the growth
and development of capitalist property the working people gradually
lost all voice and Influence in the
conduct of industrial affairs, the control passing over entirely into the
hands of capital. Government is an
unthinkable proposition separate and
apart, from property. As capital
slowly but surely forged ahead and
capitalist property thus raised itself
to the position of being the dominant form of property in industry, it
logically followed that to sustain its
dominance industrially, it was a
matter of necessity that it likewise
control the machinery of government.
Without such support no form of
property which divides society into
warring economic classes, could long
survive. To whatever extent the
British House of Commons, or the
United States House of Representatives, may have been the forum and
safeguard of the rights of the common people, it is as plain as a pikestaff that this has boon lost in like
ration to their (the common people)
loss of influence in or control of industrial affairs. As capital has developed in power and forged to the
front by usurping control of industry, in like ratio has it forged ahead
in its usurpation of the powers of
government. Government, the expression of property, is of necessity
the instrument of that form of property which is master in the field of
industry. Government must ■ conserve the needs of that property, even if it becomes necessary to
violate and outrage the customs and
traditions of the ages.
It is a well-known fact that the
industries of the United States are
practically owned by a mere handful of the people. A few giant corporations, because of their ownership of the vast capital required to
successfully operate the great industries, actually dominate the entire
industrial field. The government is
their instrument and must do' their
bidding. There is no more warrant
for the assumption that the so-called
common people have anything to say
in affairs of government, than there
would be to assuming that they have
anything to say in the affairs of industry. As the common people lose
control of industry, likewise does
their control of government vanish
into thin air and becomg. a myth.
Little use to complain of the usurpation of power by the executive. It
Is not only logical that it should occur, but absolutely imperative from
the stand-point of capitalist property. It will continue in spite of our
feeble protests and woilings.
Houses of Parliament have already
become little short of a farce, Their
farcical character will continue until
the workers shall have gained suf-
fflcient knowledge and developed
enough stamina, to take hold of the
power of government in toto, and
wield those powers in defence of a
system of property in conformity
with public needs and the public welfare.
o
The so-called strike in the economic field in no manner threatens the
ending of class rule. It can at most
but temporarily disturb it, and call
forth the exercise of its harsher features, as was the case recently in
Colorado.
It is an utter impossibility to fit
a large number of wage slaves into
a smaller number i»f jobs. Because
of this all combinations of workers
for the purpose of bettering conditions under capitalism, sooner or later float ho.pless derelicts upon the
sea of the labor market, without
course, compass, rudder or steerage-
way. It noither adds to, nor detracts
from, their sea-going qualities, to
dub them either "pure and simple"
or industrialists.
„_ Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
80CIAL1S"* PARTY OF CANADA.
Handquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
W. H. Flowers, C. Peters. Alf. I.eoh,
A. .1. Wilkinson, treasurer; P.. P
Pettipiece, secretary, 25 Tenth eve.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, No. 1, S. P.
of B. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening In the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 313 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening nt 8 o'clock in the Le Petite
theatre, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Union Directory
When They Meet; Where They M
f/m-Every Labor Uuiou in the proving
vited to place a cord under this head    «i      *'
mouth.    Secretaries plcuar note,      ' **•
Greenwood   Miners'   Union Ma
W.  F.  M.    Meets    every Saturn?'
evening in Union hall. J. R Ritclii
president; Ernest   Mills, secretary
treasurer. y"
CPFTrM    Practical Boot
Hand-Made Boots and Shoes to order in
all styles.   Kepelr ins promptly and neatly done.     Stock   of staple  ready-made
Shoes always on haud.
I4SIWaataimtar Ava.      Must Plmait.
J, EDWARD Burn. A. C. Khyuon-uck
tiro. K. Mct.'noHSAN.
BIRO, BRYDIN.JA6K A McCROSSAM
BARII1STKR8, SOLICITOKK, ETC.
Railway Block     Tel. KS.I.   P.O. Box 9S2.
314 Hastiest Stmt     •     Viscsuver, B. C.
The vision of the social revolution
ist is bounded solely by the working
class and its emancipation from wage
bondage. He cannot be led aside to
participate in the petty squabbles
that occur within the confines of the
slave camp, the labor market. All
workers look alike to him, and in his
vocabulary there is no such word 114
scab, as the term is all too frequently  applied.
 o	
In the saying, " Man, know thyself," lieth much wisdom, which
might be applied with equal force to
economic classes in human society.
The volume of misery suffered by the
working class is the price it pays for
not knowing itself, its position, its
mission  and  its strength.
 o	
Modern civilization is a huge cauldron in which the flesh, blood, bone
and muscle of the working class is
cooked into a hideous stew termed
profit. The odor arising from this
horrible cauldron is a stench in tho
nostrils of Man, but a sweet-smelling incense in the nostrils of Capital.
Phoenix Trades and Labor CounriT
Meets every alternate Monday
John Riordan, president; Edward
Rrown, vice-president; P || j.
casse sergeant-at-arms; W. H Bam
bury, seciTtary-treasurer, P n u„
108. Phoenix, B. C. °"
Phoenix Miners' Union, No a
W. F. M. Meets every.Satu'rtlat
evening at 7,10 o clock in M *„,,„'<
hall. Wm. Harnett, president; J„nn
Riordan,  secretary.
Nanaimo .Winers' Union, No. 177 ty
F. M. meets every third Salurtlai
from July 2. Alfred Andrews, pres.
'dent; Jonathan laherwood, P. n
Box 259. Nanaimo, B. c, record
ing  secretary.
■ 1 ——-*— 1 ,	
The International Brotherhood ol
Electrical Workers.—Loral No 213
Meets second and fourth Tluiri
days at I. B. E. W. Hal], Room 3.
Ingleside Rlock. President, J
DillaboUgh; recording secretary.
Geo. P. Farr; financial secretary, A
H. Sellar. Address all conjinunici.
tions to the hall. All sojourning
brethren cordially invited,
WANTKH.
l.Allll'.S AM) URNTLKMKN in this
and adjoining territories to rei.roent
and advertise thf. Wholesale and Kdur».
tional Departments of an old established
iiousp al solid financial standing.   sa:a-
ry $8.60 per day. with ex|insps „<|.
vancoil enrh Monday hy check direct
from headquarters; Horse and Itu^gv
furiy'shed when necessary; position immanent. Add its*, Hlew Pros. & Co,
Dent.   f).   Monon   Rldgv,   Chicago,  III
 Visit	
The Vancouver Chop House
36 Water St. (Basement)
For the Best and Cheapest Meals in
the   City.     One   visit   assures us your trade.
Meals 15c.  a.-.ri  up.     Tickets $3. XI.
CHARLEY  NEP.   Prop.
Open Day and Night.
KMrtlSI.ISHItf) 1894
The VOICE
The Oli! st Labor Pater Is Casts*!
Always 11 fearlesss exponent in the
ennse of labor.
*•>
For one dollar the paper will be
sent to any ai'drr-* for one year.
Workingmen of all countries will
soon recognize the fact that they
must rippott and rend their labor
pnpers.
Issued every I'ridny.
Tbe Voice Publishing Co.. Li.ites
WINNIPEG, MAN.
-THE-
Miners'Magazine
Published Weekly by the
Wetter* retferatloa 01 Mleera
A Vigorous Advocate of Labor's
Cause.
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
I Per Year $1.00.       Six Months, 50c.
Address:
MIXERS' MAGAZINE,
Bonver, Colorado.
There ure many forms in which tobacco is used, but
Kurtz's Own Kurtz's Pioneer or
Spanish Blossoms Cigars
Is the height of perfection of them
all. Only the best material is used
in them, and they are made by skilled Union workmen. We guarantee
them to be composed of thf best ol
Clear Havana Fillers vrj+h Hut b««t
of Suiiiulra wrappers.
Kurtz & Co,
Ploeeer Cigar Manufacturer!
VANCOUVER R. C.
United Hatters of North America
When you aro buying a FUR BAT ses to It tint
the Genuine Union Label ia sewed in it. If a retails
hail loose labels in his possession and offers to I"11
one In a hat for you, do not patronize him. I.oon
labels In retail stores ara counterfeits. The genulm
Union Label is rierforated on four edges, exactly M*
same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some
times perforated on three edges, and eonie tluiei oitlji
on two. John II. Stetnon Co., of l'hil adi-lpbia !» »
non-union concern.
JOHN  A.  MOFK1TT,  President, Orange. N. J.
MARTIN    LAWLOR,    Secretary,    U   W averly     IMaca
New  York.
OCIALI8M in Inevitable. That mean* our economic and social
development will some day make it clear even to the dullest mind
. 5°** * ■0,*,t,o** °",our Industrial probleme le poselble only by Is,
"■"jRli' co-operation. But are we to look on passively and wait
until the mind more dull and dense than our own, ban at hint
reasoned it out all by Itself? Certainly not. We want to get there
sooner. And wc will get there in tbe near future if we set to work
and educate the man who i« nt ill groping in the dark. We know
things will make him nee the light some dny, but we want him
to nee it now. Therefore our inceseant propaganda and agilH-
tion. To do good work yon need good tools. Select your
SSPiA-j**"""1 <*«r*ft<llT and you will see results. Two
well tried as means of Socialist propaganda are
pro|«i-
book»
2ftS5Ll5.1?JPi SOCIALISM. 5t h Edit ion; ISOPagts; PajKr2r,c, Cloth 75c.
PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC  SOCIALISM.  *th Edition;
both writ*.-„.♦„.».. o„.« „ „.„    **?*&«>-hr«rMc, Cloth$1,00
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•SsSa
ie Economics of Labor
A Lecture Delivered by H. QUELCH.
... ...4
wealth is produced by labor ondlUoly Mother Church,   These facts go
Is object, not its source, which  to illustrate what I have already in-
ines   whether   itculth  is   or   is
pital.    Capital, then, is simply
jit. of past tabor   useii io assist
labour   lit   producing   wealth
ei'   to  piouuce    prout   for  its
It is clear, then, that capi-
i its existence to labor   and
diive been  proceeded by  labor,
the niischevious results of re-
t be proper order of these two
is  tnat    economists   repre-
iHir as dependent upon capital,
they  say,  is  the result    of
nii'l abstinence on thu part of
jiitalist,   who   makes advances
thriftless   workman  while  he
king.    1'rolit and interest are
hii'il  which  the capitalist   re-
lur his thrift and abstinence—
Jural,  economic reward receiv-
Kugli   making   these  advances.
JI   this   is   entirely   fallacious,
does not make uny  advanco
|r.    Ueuerally  speaking,  labor
advances    to   capital.    The
as a   rule,   works a  week
rtnight before he receives any
at  all,    and    during   that
increases   the    value of bis
's capital  by far more than
ves in wages.    The capitalist
jt    subsist  him  during   that
pays him  the cost of bis
ace   after   he has done his
>t before.    And even then the
at. does not really give   him
beyond an order on other
to supply him with a cer-
mtity of food, clothing   and
ml of which,  bear in mind,
en produced, not by the capi-
liiii   by   these other wage ia-
A  man's    wages   are   only
so far as they enable   him
Mo of these various comuio-
pi'oduccd    by   other laborers,
then, he merely exchanges
it of his labor with that of
^borers, all of  which must ne-
be  produced   before  it  can
liigeil.    All  that the capital-
is   to  act  as  a go-between
himself well  for performing
somewh'it  badly,
(profit  and    interest  are  the
M abstinence is not less fal-
tan   that   capital   subsists
that capital  is  thu result
|ence.    The natural economic
ft abstinence is the result of
fe.    If two of us have    ten
each,   and   one  spends   his
while the other saves his,
is thnt on the morrow one
liliings and  the other has
Be.    The reward for the abac is  the possession of ten
ftnd freedom from heoduche.
Bjton tinned    abstinent e   front
the ten shillings will  not
ten shillings grow, and the
his abstinence becomes no
im   long-continued   contem
According to the orthodox
(Ibis    ten    shillings    should
grow, so long as its own-
irnii  from  using  it.     Hut if
left. alone 11  is quite certain
[would   not   increase  at  all,
necessury   to  .seek  for  an-
ircej   than    mere    abstinence
[return to capital represented
pst and prom.
end    interest    have    their
lis all weal in, in the labor of
Vers,  applied  to  natural  ob-
lliat   we    ure    immediately
with  is   the  consideration
""#*.  if they are the result o(
•>   go  to others  thun    the
NobOdy, except the econo-
elieve profits  to  be the   re-
[ihrift and abstinence—aud it
doubtful   if   the  economists
s   believe  it.     They  appear
put this forward as a jus-
tor what is morully unjus-
an ethical basis for what
Hy  unsound.    Hut the   ma-
people are not troubled by
It ions  of  abstract  ethics  in
lof  business.     They do  not,
consider if prolit is the rathe practice of any virtue;
! prolit   is  the rewurd of as-
in  business,  of  the practice
ft of buying cheap and sell-
which art is the perfection
i-rcialism.     Yet   this  theory
llscious   as  the  other,  and
K*s   in  consequence    of , tho
vhii h 1 have before referred,
Induction     today—capitalist
Jn—is not curried on for the
|of  supplying   human  needs,
the   production  of   profit.
iitly you have, not the pro-
kf urtirles of utility, per se,
(production    of commodities
It upon the market to sell,
the characteristic feature of
• list system which distingu-
froni  proceeding stages    of
lititriiAm* U/ii..ritn
development.    Waitress un
iH'onomiu tondJUonH   proas curried on primarily for
only  superfluities  were sold
god,   production  today    is
i jH-imarily for exchange,
aeval   times,   with  all   the
ifi'i'dom,  there was this ad-
• hnt   people   used   to  grow
al.   make clothes to  wear,
hi ui ses to live in.     Now,
s it may seem, we do not
to oat, make clothes   to
[build houses to live in.   All
gs are made to sell at   a
th tho result that we have
I'd    food,    shoddy  clothing,
built, houses.     The  sooner
•e  destroyed  or   tumble  to
better for everybody,  ex-
nfortunate purchaser. With
:e in   economic   conditions
come a change in the po-
e religious,  nnd  the social
the life of the community,
val  times the feudal chief-
absolute master—land was
ant economic factor.    Rut
; sxowth of manufacture, of
lor sale,   thi* rise of  the
e   meant    the downfall  of
The plutocrat supplanted
capitalism   became  king,
nobility"   of  England  to-
H'Cessful   brewers,   bankers
rs,  and  tho Nonconformist
dominates in the place of
cidciitiilly pointed out, that the economic conditions dominate all other
conditions. Economic dominance is
bound to secure political and religious dominance, the owner of cupi-
tal being master in the material
field of economics, dominates in all
other departments of life. On the
other hand, attempts to secure political power without economic freedom meet with but sorry success.
The political atmosphere is probably
more corrupt in America than in any
other country in the world, because
there you have a sham political democracy on top of a red! economic
plutocracy. There capitalism is unrestricted by any of the old feudal
traditions which still have some influence in other countries, it is absolute monarch, and the pretended freedom of the American people only
serves to gild the chains that enslave
them.
This, theu, is the economic system
of today, the production of commodities to be put upon the market to
sell, for profit. From this arises the
very general impression that it is on
the .market, and in the process of
exchange, that profit is made; that
people make their profit by buying
cheap and selling dear. This, 1 soy,
is the general view, and yet a very
little consideration should be sufficient to demonstrate that it is impossible for everybody to be buying
cheap and selling dear. If one buys
cheap somebody has to sell cheap,
and if one sells dear someone has to
buy dear, and although sometimes
here and there one goes under, and
some here and there make fortunes,
they are all, generally speaking,
daily and yearly getting richer. Now
to suggest that they are getting rich
at each other's expense is as absurd
as the statement that the inhabitants of the Scilly Isles make a precarious living by taking in each others' washing. "Dog doesn't eat
dog,'' and capitalist does not exploit
capitalist. He cannot. The higgling
of the market is simply a gambling
with the products of other men's labor, but it produces no more than
gambling does as a rule. If you in
this room had a hundred pounds and
started gambling vttl\ it, and kept
it up till tomorrow this time, some
of you woulh probable be richer and
some poorer than when you started,
but your hundred pounds would not
nave increased by a red cent. But,
as 1 have said, apart from these individual losses and gains, the whole
capitalist class grow richer, and apparently in this process of gambling
among themselves. Yet, as you must
see, this i.s only apparent, not real.
It is not here that gains are made.
All that the process does eventually
is to determine the proportion of the
suruliis value each partner in the
long firm shall take. What would
yoj have? "Honor among thieves.
And the capitalist cannot keep all
his gains for himself, but must share
them out with his hangers-on and
assistants, the landlord, the lawyer,
the parson, the prince.
•lust now, however, the question
we are concerned with is how he
conies by his gains rather than how
he apportions them. We have seen
that they are not really the reward
of abstinence, and that they are not
created in the process of exchange—
seeing that neither abstinence nor
exchange. can of themselves create
anything.
If, however, we pursue our investigation  of  this  process    of exchange
we inuy discover the actual source of
the  surplus  value  which  is gambled
with   therein.     If  we  conclude    that
there is no ultimate gain made simply by the exchange of commodities
we  arrive   at    this,    that over    the
whole  area  of exchange  there is    a
genernl   average,    that     taking    the
whole mass of exchanges, all commodities exchange at equal values.   The
price  of  one   commodity   may    rise
above,   that   of another  fall    below,
its  normal  value,   but    the two  exchanges  cancel   this  difference,     and
falls or rises in individual instances
make no more difference in the rule
as  to  the exchange of equal  values
than  the rise and fall of the waves
pf  the  sea   make   to the sea level.
Hut  what  i.s this value which must
be  equal   in   any   two   commodities
which exchange for each other?    So
many pairs of   shoes,  for   instance
will exchange for a watch; but what
is  there    in   common   between    the
boots and the watch?    Nothing but
this, that they are both the embodiment of a certain amount of human
labor.      The    amount    of    socially
necessary     human     labor     that    is
expended      on     a     commodity    determines     its    value     In    exchange
with any other commodity.    This is
simply an exemplification of tho theory   of   the  older  economists—Adam
Smith and others—that the cost   of
production   was  the  basis  of  value.
Karl Marx has taken this theory and
given  it a scientific value by amplification ami limitation.
We say. for instance, socially necessary human labor. If it takes as
much labor to produce a watch as
would produce two pairs of boots,
then, generally speaking, two pairs
of boots are of equal value with one
watch and the hoots and watch will
exchange for each other. If a man
took twice as long as was ordinarily
necessary to make a pair of boots,
that would not make his one pair of
boots equal a watch as a value in
exchange. If, however, by some improved method of production watches
could be produced with one-half the
usual amount of labor, while the cost
in labor of producing boots remained the same, the result would be
that the value of watches in exchange with boots would fall to one-
half, ami whereas formerly "one watch
equalled two pairs of boots it would
now only exchange for one pair. It
Is sometimes attempted to disprove
this theory on the ground that it Is
the utility of a thing and not its
cost of production which determines
its value. Hut a coat as an arliclo
[of utility remains the same, although
its exchange value muy fall considerably us the result of improved
methods of production. The utility
of a loaf of bread, as compared with
a gold watch, to a starving man
may be incalculable, but it makes
no difference to their relative values
in exchange. Objectors to this theory will point to a picture whi.'h
will fetch a fabulous price, or to a
man dying of thirst in a desert, who
would give all his possessions foi a
cup of water, as facts that tell
against it. Let me point out that
we are dealing with the production
of commodities, commodities the
production of which i.s pra'ti'uiiy
unlimited and which ure produced.to
sell on the market, to exchange for
profit' The picture and the cup of
wut.or are both monopolies which are
outside the sphere of our present enquiry
It appears (o mo so obvious that
the exchange of commodities must
be the exchange of urticles of equal
value, and that value based upon
the cost of production, that I would
not weary you by labor! ig this
point, but that such constant attempts ure made to disprove this l.y
drugging iu monopolies of one kind
or unother, which nave absolutely no
bearing on the point, ut issne, Now
it must be clear that if by any means
the price of any commodity could bo
forced up beyond its normal value
the result would bo that labor and
capital wou.d be directed in Increased measure to the production of that
commodity until the increased supply reduced the price to the normal
level, lf, on tho other hand, the
price fell below the value of a commodity, production would shrink until the increased supply reduced the
price to the normal level, and, so far
from disproving, actually prove, beyond the shadow of question, the absolute truth of the theory of the
basis of value.
(Concluded next issue.)
MRS. SMITH'S TOUR,
TURHUI.ENT FELLOWS.
A Jersey City Cigar Firm advertised "Oirls Wanted." About 400
men and boys blocked the factory
entrance, and rudely clamored for
work. They even had the impudence
to assert that they could do the
work as well as girls. The only redeeming feature of their conduct was
that they offered to work just as
cheap as the girls. A force of police had tot be summoned to drive
the turbulent fellows away, and thus
secure to the girls the "sacred right
to work."
A bomb was thrown from the window of a house on Volsk street, Warsaw, Poland, on the evening of Mar.
21, into a passing patrol of police
and Infantry. Six soldiers and two
policemen were seriously injured. The
bomb was totally destroyed.
 _o	
For the conversion of his money
into capital, the owner of money
must meet in the market with the
free laborer, free in the double sense,
that as a free man he can dispose of
his labor power as his own commodity, and that on the other hand he
has no other commodity for sale, is
short of everything necessary for the
realization of his labor power.—
Marx.
Turn and twist then as we may,
the fact remains unaltered. If equivalents are exchanged, no surplus
value results, and if non-equivalents
are exchanged, still no surplus value.
—Mary.
Tacoma,  Wash., March 18, 1005.
To Clarion Readers :
Have just returned from a short
lecture trip through the coast cities
of Hritish Columbia., stopping at
Port  Angeles,  Wash.,  on return.
My first stopping place was Victoria, where 1 was met by several
local comrades, and after exchanging greetings we repaired to the
House of Parliament. Here we had
the pleasure of seeing and hearing
two of our comrades, Williams ntul
Hawthornthwaite, endeavoring to
uphold the working cluss interests.
They ut least succeed in keeping
the capitalist hirelings, who constitute tin1 balance of -The House, informed of the fact that there is a
working class iii Hritish Columbia,
I hope to live to see the -lay when
we shall have a majority in the government houses of the land, teat wo
may do something for our i ' iss besides notifying the capitalists thut
we are on earth.
We had three splendid .iiei'ng'i ut
Victoria. From (here I went io f n-
d,Vsmith, where 1 spoke on : nilii.v
afteVnoon nt 2 o'clock, A urge
number of the comrades thut I nut'
u .Near and a half ago were cctspl-
cuoiis by their absence, having p,< no
to other parts in soarch ol a toaster. They took too active .i pari, in
the campaign of 1908.
The next stop was at .V.imiiino,
where I spoke on Sunday .it 8 p.m.
Again I missed the fares of i-u. n.v of
the old comrades, but wi^ greeted
with a lurge and enthusiastic audience of several hundred people.
The next morning at six o'clock I
took the steamer for Vancouver,
where I was welcomed by a number
of the old comrades, among v horn
was our faithful friend and worker,
Hertha Merrill Burns. Later i . the
day 1 had the pleasure of meeting
many of the old comrades, i'.iplish,
Pettipiece, Hums, Cameron, Stebbings, Pritchard and others. I tell
you, comrades, when your bruin
grows weary, and you feel life weak,
ening under the Strain of work, it,
seems to put new vigor into you,
and renew your inspiration, to meet
those noble workers who toil on
year in and your out, "with no reward except the thought thut .some
day the race will enjoy a belter environment, as the result of their
work. 'When the day dawns that
shall see the revolution carry the
working class to victory the comrades of Hritish Columbia will be
found in the front ranks.
The largest meeting of my trip
was held in Vancouver, there being
1,000 present at the City Hull on
the evening of March P>. From Vancouver I returned to Victoria, where
I  spoke tuesday evening and  W'.lnes-
Out   Vwtoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Themrtnd Tell Them Why,
HAROLD BURNETT, News Agt.
Victoria General Agent for The
SKAT'll.r; TI.MK.s
HIIKII.aNH oKfcfiOMAN
SAN HI a >Cl8Cr> CIlR.iMCI.K
HAN KKANCIStO KXA.MIN'KH
1,(W SSlikUM KXAMlNiilt
LOS ANtiHl.KS TIMES
CUIC.U.U KXAM1NKB A.VD AHKKfOAN
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P. 0. Box 444
VICTORIA, I. C.
SCOTT &   PEDEN
j. s snd 7 ST0KB 5TUBBT
Importer* rtiid i>**r1--i> in
FLOUR, FEEO NAY ANO GRAIN
Hams, Bacon, Butter, Eggs, Vegetables
Telephone 298       VICTORIA, B. C.
Mali   Orders    Promptly   Attended   To.
oooooo oooocooooooooooo
5
u
ft Clothing Made to Offer.
0 Tit Guaranteed.
CHARLIE EO
MERCHANT
(All.Ott
ALL   WORKINGMEN
Appreciate the Hem-fits of
Tomato Bkackr
Clam Cocktails
K. P. C. Wini
. "THRKK HOT DRINKS."
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COMRADES, strike at the ballot
box on Klertlcn day, and be sure
to strike tlie
Rock  Bay Hotel
When   in   Victoria.
ARNASON BROS., Proprietor!
Colonial Bakery
29  Johnson  St.,   Victoria,   B.C.
UNION MADE BREAO ANO CAKES
Delivered to any  part of the city.
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Ask
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Tltiy Their
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Voxt Door lo Mason's.
PLATFORM OF THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
iu convent! ki a rembled, affirm ou*
Ulefiance to and support of the pru-
Hplee and prog.am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should Vtly belong;.. To *■"«
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present «cuiirm'c system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working dsss
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the powei
day afternoon. We "iad u larifo
meeting Of women with -ny il,i.ct in
view of organizing a Socialist. Sunday school. From \'i„'t via I viot
to 1'ort Angeles, Washington. Arriving on Thursday m.irnnig I was
mot by a delegation of about forty
comrades. Stayed four days, and
during that, time held four meetings,
had a rousing social and dance, and
organized a Socialist Sunday school
with forty members, men, women
and fhilhren. The Local cleared
several dollars which is to be the
beginning of a Socialist, library
Ivliicli is something much needed in
nil small towns. Arrived home on
Monday nigfht tired in mind and
body, but glad at heart for 1 can
see the social revolution drawing
nearer.
Irene Smith.
Tin circulation of commodities is
the starfine- point of capital. The
production of commodities, their cir-
eu In Hon. mid that more developed
form of their circulation called com-
ini'i-ii', thorfi? form the historic ground
work from which it arises. The
modem history of capital dates from
the creation in the Kith century of a
World-embracing commerce and a
ta-'orld-emhracing  market.—-Marx.
of government—the capitalist to'hold
the worker to secure it by politics
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, < t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class. ■
s. Thorough and democratic organisation and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
k\i possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
itile of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it. •
In accordance «-*tfc this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands }n such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
alone. r
COMRAOES
Strike at the ballot box on election day but be sure to strike the
LIGHTHOUSE RESTAURANT
:i.'5(5  Cordova St.
any day you are hungry. .lust
around the corner from the Socialist  headquarters.
T    CHRISTEN SEN,   Prop.
AS A WORKING TOOL
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for- schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the information sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pupil, the student and the litterateur, there
is nothing better; it covers everything.
The New snd Enlarged Edition recently is-
suec has 25.(Jflt? new words and phrases, s completely revised Ilingrupbieal Dictionary aad
Gazetteer uf the World, 2380 paces and MOO
illustrations.
Our name is on the title-pages of all tbe
authentic dictionaries of the Webster series.
LET US SEND YOU FREE
"A Test in Pronunciation" which affords •
pleiisam and iiiiitruetivc evening's entertain
ment.  Illustrated pamphlet also free.*" '
O. ft C. M r.Ult I AM CO., Pubs., Springfield, I
So  peculiar, complex, and  wonderful is this web of life, that our very
blunders,   weaknesses    and    mistake*
arc  woven  in  and make the   fabrtc
stronger.
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA^
(3   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in
Local.
.Socialist Part)- of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class anil the working
class to he s straggle for polttical sprcmacv, i.e. possession of the reins of
government, and whieh necessitates the organiratfon of the workers into a
political partv, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
** If admitted to membership I hereby iij^nM- to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political tarty, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Parly of Canada only.
Applicant	
Address	
Occupation .'.	
Age        Citizen t	
Admitted to Local 19	
 Chairmaa Rec-Sec.
IHE wheels af production were
never more artistically occupied than in the Job Department of ihe Western Clarion.
Wo have all tho mechanical devices
of that brunch of modern industry
known ns the Typographical trade.
We can print anything from a bread
ticket to a circus poster, and do it
right. Until the profit system is
abolished   we  intend   to    make    the
The Western Clarion
165 HASTINGS; STREET
P 0. BOX 836
VANCQHjgr* * *
best of the present circumstances by
doing the finest work nt prices commensurate with good work. ko.'Jobv'-
too small and none too Inrgc. If
you need printing you might ns w.eH
get it from us ns from aayvs*!. *{;*>.
Anything in the way o£b» ft.- v, udfe
Hillheiids, Knvelopes, Wl^ils,' "•\»si*-r.-i
or such like is right in our line.
Send us your printing and tell your
friends about us.
;:f
* T
THE ir»5TEMf flLAMOW. VAlfCe-UTBtt, B. 6,
SATURDAY
March tfl ^
Socialist Party of Canada
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE   HEADQUARTERS.
R. P. Pettipiece, secretary. Vancouver, B. 0.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE MEETING
From   Nuuuiiuo   Local   announcing
 receipt     of    ballot  torus  und  letter
Vancouver, March 19, litOo.—I dateu Jan. 2Ui.h iroin provincial
(Room IU, Masonic blocK.)—Present:' secretary on tne zSVi day oi Feoru-
J. M. Cameron, (.chairman), A. J.-aiy—too late to vote on same, and
Wilkinson, V. Peters, John E. Dub-[ asking committee to see po»t omce
berly,   IV.H.i lowers,   All.   l>;an,   Or-| inspector  re  same.     Secretary  to go
gamzer   Ivingsley   and   the  secretary.
Minutes oi previous meeting read
and Adopted.
The following communications were
read:
Prom P. J. Peel, Toronto, enclosing $5 and application lor charter
and supplies, with 14 signatures attached.
Peters-Wilkinson—That charter bo
granted and forwarded as soon as
out of lithographer's hands. Secretary to mail such supplies us are on
hand at once.    Carried.
bean-Flo were—That C. Peters be
added to the printing committee,
**and with the secretary lo sue thut a
suitable design for charter is selected
from several already suggested aud
submitted, aud secure same without
delay.    Carried.
The secretary bunded in his resignation, explaining thut owing to the
into the matter and locate responsibility lor over five weeks' delay in
delivery  of mail  matter.
ii'rom Hosslaiid i_,ocal re organizer s tour, and $j. from secretary jiic-
LeoU for subscription to the Clarion.
• t-'i oin \ lctoriu Local unclosing $o
for due stamps; statement ru Mrs.
Smiths tnree lectures, showing deficit of title. (Total receipts $oo.fclu.;
Also re letter irum organizer ana
secietmy who wore appointed to
diuit same. And a luitner request
ior tin- names of sucrotaries oi Locals tliioiigliout 11, t;. I'ebruary report snowing increase of o members,
.10 in ull. organizer lo reply, unu
Comrade Cameron to further explain
upon ins return to victoria.
i'mm it. j. riurger, secielary of
Revels tone Local, enclosing 9I.OU
lor due stumps.
I'i'om  u  comrade* ut   Kndeiby,   B
WC woo
Your patronage and try to win your
approval with no other argument
than the good quality of the goods
we keep in stock. When you need
anything in Stoves or Paints and
wish to pay the least for the best,
get our prices.
McLachlan Bros., Ltd.
181 HASTINGS ST. WEST.
Minister to Japan, watch over not
infrequently the meetings of these
aspiring young men, interfering with
them in many ways or sometimes
even dispersing them. It reminds us
of the fussy German police, who, in
compliance with the request from the
Muscovite government, make strenuous endeavor in suppressing every
movement of the Russian revolutionists in Germany.
BECOMING  CIVILIZED.
a, nor could he give corrusponu-
ence the attention required. Accepted. New 11. C. Provincial Executive
secretary to  take  the oiiice.
Considerable discussion took place
with regard to raising funds to meet
initiatory expenses, necessaiily heavier than will bo the case later on.
Upon the suggestion of Comrade
Leah a Dominion Executive Committee organizing fund will be opened,
and all monies received will be acknowledged in the Western Clarion,
and expended only in organization
.work outside the jurisdiction of the
Provincial Executive Committee in
British Columbia.
The secretary was instructed to negotiate a loon of $100 if possible,
with the assistance of members of
the committee, repayable iu three
and six months.
Pettipiece-Peters — That hereafter
this committee meet here the four&h
Tuesday of each month' at 8 p.m.,
beginning March 28th.
Wilkinson-Leah—That   warrants   be
drawn for the following accounts:
No. 1—Vancouver Rackett Minute book          80
No> 2—Postage  stamps    $  1 00
No.   3—Angell-i'iioinpluey   Engraving   Co ....>   ;i 50
No.4—Kingsley  &  English  on
printing account      6 00
Total,   $11 30
Receipts:
/ No.l—B.   C.   Prov.    Ex.,   100
due stamps   $ 0 00
No.  2—F.   J.   Peel,     application for charter and supplies    5 00
lio.  3—B.   C.   Prov.    Ex.,   80
due stamps      4 00
nature   of   his   work-night   shift-lie   C„ enclosing $1  lor organizing tour,
could npl be present at future meet-,    J*'J1"   l,'iv'a   l'«   M*lls»     Vancouver
-•  ■   ■ ^■""■""^ Local,   i\o. 1    order  for  due stamp-',
a statement! and receipt for rent 01
neuuqiiarters to dale.
From U. P. fettipiece, tendering
Uis resignation as secretary and member of tne executive committee owing
to his inability to at tend the meetings—working niglit soil l—and lack
01 lime 10 oevoto to correspondence,
etc.; and suggesting Com. J. i\ Morgan us a successor, he having nuii
wiue experience 111 such  work.
Loati-ivilkinson—mat secretary a
resignation be accepted and that .Vancouver Local be notified of the vacancy unu suggesting only the name
oi Lorn. Morgan as one eminently titled for the position of secretary,
tliere being no member o» the present
committee with lime enough ul their
disposal lo accept tne oiiice,
(J allied.
Leah — Dubberly — That hereafter
members of this committee must produce their parly membership cards at
each meeting, so that ihe secretary
can determine whether they are in
"good  slanding"   or  not.    uarried.
Cameron—Dubberly—That this committee select two comruues to go to
Men Westminster next ,-iuuday to address a propaganda meeting arranged
by Comrade Cameron, ut o p.m., in
Logic hall. tarried. Comrades
h-ingsley and i'etlipieee will fill date.
Le.iii—tyluunson—that a B. C. organising fund be opened in tlie "Clarion, j' the receipts to be acknowledged
weekly; und expended in B. C. organization work alone. Secretary to
arrange.
Dubberly—Cameron—Thut Organizer Kingsley be elected as auditor to
go through the secretary's books
prior lo handing saiue over lo new
Secretary.    Carried.
RECEIPTS.
No. 32 Revelstoke Local No.
7, for 10 due stamps,  $ 1 00
No. 33 "A Comrade," Ender-
by,  B.C.,  for organizing fuud 1 00
No. 34 Vancouver Local, No.
1, for 50 due stamps      5 00
No. 85 Vancouver Local No.
l.i'or 100 copies '• Wage-Labor and  Cupital"        2 50
No. 30 Vancouver Local, No.
1 for old assessment account
in full   18 00
No. 3/ Vancouver Local, No.
1, for organizing fund   15 00
No. 38 Victoria Local, Wo. 2,
for 50 due stamps     5 00
No. 3D Ceo. ilolbrook, Vancouver,   for  organizing  fund    1 00
Total  .: $48 50
EXPENDITURES.
Warrant, No. 21, Rent in .full
for old headquarters, one
year $24 00
No. 22 Rent      for      executive
.  headquarters to April 1st ...    2 00
No. 23 Organizer O'Brien, on
account  2tS 00
No. 24 Secretary's sulary to
March 15      2 50
No. 25—Dotn. Executive, 80
due stamps      4 00
That .Inpun is rapidly forging to
the front according to the standard
already established by the western
world is shown by the following
dipped from our exchange, The Cho-
kugen, which is the sole organ of
the Japanese Socialists. The meaning of Chokugen is "siieaking
straightforwardly."
Sympathy Between Capitalist Governments.
As reported already, we have received many socialistic pamphlets
from Russian comrades dn America
and Switzerland for distribution
among the Russian War prisoners in
this country. Our Military Department also had received the pamphlets of the same kind from the revolutionary socialists in Switzerland,
but the department is reported to
have refused to distribute them
among the prisoners. It is clear
that the patriotic officials thought
that it was not right for a government to help the movement of the
conspirators, even though they are
of a hostile country. The capitalist
government, it seems to us, has* more
sympathy for a fellow capitalistic
government than for the proletarians
of its own country, even while making war against it.
Total  $14 00
Dal. cash on hand   $2 70
Adjournment.
DOMINION ORGANIZATION  FUND.
Contributions to this fund will be
devoted wholly and only to organization work throughout Cunadu, outside the jurisdiction of the B. C.
Provincial Executive Committee.
Contributors not desiring their
names given publicity will please notify secretary.
Who will be the first?
 o	
•
: HCProvincialExecntive;
 *******■*■
it Party of Canada.       »
<
Vancouver, B. C, March 19.—
(Rojom 10, Masonic block.)—Present;
C. Peters (chairman), A. .1. Wilkinson, John E. Dubberley, Alf. Leah,
W., *H. Flowers nnd the secretary.
Smites of previous meeting read
adopted.
The following communications were
i^ad:
J*?Vom Organizer O'Brien (2) dated
•t Nelson and Eholt B. C, re progress being made in Boundary district.    Filed.
From Mrs. Irene Smith, per A. J.
Wilkinson, receipts for various monies received from Locals during recent tour.
From recording-secretary Revelstoke Loral, expressing keen disappointment in the substitution of
Comrade O'Brien for Comrade Kings-
ley on organization tour. As change
could not be avoided, the committee
wil| attempt to Rootbe Revelstoke
comrades' feelings by sending Comrades Hawthornthwaite' and Kings-
ley over that way as soon as the
House adjourns.
^ee^eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeevee'
t CO. II
Second Hand Dealers.
4 .   Largest  and cheapest stock of ♦
4 Cook Stoves in the City. 2
fi Boom Chains, Augers, Loggers'
jackets, etc.
Must reduce stock in m»xt sixty
,ys.
I
■
|L '       Remember the place
1,   101 Powell Street
$ fpfcMt 1579       Vaiccmr, B. 6. i
Total  $58 50
Balance on hand last report..$10 25
Bulance on hand  this week ...        25
Adjournment. -
B. C OllGANLZINQ FUND.
Contributions to this fund will be
devoted wholly and only tb organization work in British Columbia.
Persons not wishing thoir names mentioned will plcuse notify Party secretary at time of sending same.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.
Feb.  1,  Vananda Local  $ u 50
Feb. 11, Ladysmith Locul .... 5 Oil
Feb.    12,   R.    P.    Pettipiece,^
Vancouver      1 15*
March 5,  H.  Elliott, Vancouver      1 00
March 10, "A Comrade" En-
derby, B. C     1 00
March  13,   Vancouver  Local... 15 00|
March  IV,    Ceo.    Holbrooke,
Vancouver, .1     1 00
March 22," Nanaimo Local ... 10 00
SI :
i
NOTES BY  THE  SECRETARY.
What the Dominion Executive Committee needs now is "the sinews of
war. The initiatory cost of printing,
etc., is necessarily heavy—over $50
already—and unless we can raise a
loan of $100, or receive a sort of
spontaneous response from new affiliations very soon, it will be up-hill
work for a month or two..
The' Provincial Executive Committee met last Sunday week, March 12,
but as the secretary was unavoidably
absent, nnd there was no access to
the correspondence, etc., very little
could be done. As the business
transacted is embodied In the minutes of last meeting no separate report is given. Comrades lieuh, Pell ters, Dubberley, Cameron, Wilkinson
and Kingsley' were present.
•m ■
Chinese   Students    and   Japanese
Police.
Of late revolutionary ideas have
prevailed among the Chinese students
*h this country. Although most of
rhem do not come to the socialistic
idea, still they have been well imbued A-ith the democratic tendency,
through which they mean to regenerate the old Empire. The Japanese
police authorities, who axe said to
have  been  requested  by  the   Chinese
■Uovernment Spies in the Army
Arsenal.
It is needless to say that the Army
Arsenal is one of the largest factories in Japan and the grievances of
the laboring class are mostly raised
from this corner of the community,
while the socialistic idea is also fast
gaining ground there. Since the
news of the big strikes in Russia,
the authorities appear to have been
so greatly troubled that, they at once
ordered hundreds of government spies
to work in disguise in the institute
together with the workmen, by way
of cautioning against.
Apropos, it may be stated, the
workmen of the Uraga dockyard, 300
in number, went on strike some time
uga demanding the increase of their
wages. The revolutionary idea as
well as strike sentiment seems to be
traversing through the world from
one cornet* to another.
 o	
Commodities exchange with each
other according to the relative
amount of human labor time embodied in their production. Labor power
being a commodity exchanges by the
same rule, lf two hours social labor
time is sutlicient to produce enough
food, clothing, etc., to generate one
day's labor power, the price of that
one day's labor power (wages) will
be the same as the price of the given
quantity of food, etc., necessary to
generate it.
When labor power is sold in the
market it is merely exchanged for an
equivalent value in other commodities If one dny of social labor is sufficient to produce enough food, etc,
to generate two days' labor power,
the extra quantity will remain in the
hands of he who purchased the labor
power. At the cost of one day's labor power he has come into possession of enough food, etc., to generate
two. The next day he could purchase
two days' labor power and at night
he would have four, and so on ad
libitum,  ad  infinitum.
As ridiculous at it may appear
that sort of a process is the key note
of capitalist property. That is exactly the trick that is turned upon
Ihe workers under the guise of wages
only the rate of skinning is much
greater than two for one. In dividing up the plunder thus taken from
labor that Marx terms surplus value,
the entire capitnlist fraternity, landlords, lendlords, profit-mongers big,
profit-mongers' little, and all of the
(leeches and hangers-on of capitalism
have a regular "monkey and parrot"
time. This is called Business, Trade
nnd  Commerce.
TOT RIGHT TO WORK.
If every human betng has the right
to life so must he have the right to
work, far once the edict went forth
"In the sweat of thy face shalt thou
eat bread" none can honestly live
without work. So whenever a system of government is found under
which this right to work is denied
it is certain there is a government
ready  to be altered or removed.
Abraham Lincoln long ago declared
that "Any people anywhere have the
right to rise up and shake off the
existing government and form one
that suits them better. This is a
sacred right—a right we believe is
to liberate the world.
Socialists declare that under our
present capitalist system men do not
have a chance to work whenever they
wish to, nnd that they can have that
chance only by the substitution of a
new form of government which abolishes tlie private ownership of all
means of producing goods for profit, and puts that ownership in the
.hands of all the peoDle.
United States statistics tell us
thut an average of one million men
are out of work every day in the
year. Canada, no doubt, tells a
like story. Only a small percentage
are actual tramps who enjoy living
from hand to mouth. Lt is a trite
statement in the industrial world'
that there are two men for every
job. Laborers who go on strike but
do not molest or influence the men
who take their places never cause
their employers a single worry. No
trouble at all to fill the vacant places an hour after the men have stepped out. An army of unemployed
constantly huunt the gates of all our
large industries—the largest standing
army in the world. They stand waiting for a chance to work. Every
advertisement in the daily papers is
answered by a score or more men
wanting that one job.
Why are they not given a chance
to work? Is it because we have ull
the clothes, food, houses and fuel, to
say nothing of luxuries, that we desire? Far from it! Then the puzzle remains—why don't we set the
1,000,000 men to work producing
things we need? Aye, and why don't
we set 10,000,000 more useless workers at useful labor till we do have
all we want? There are a good ten
million men and women who under
capitalism must spend their time at
labor which produces no really use*
ful thing—advertising one firm's
goods in competition with another's:
trying to sell goods to people who
can't or don't want to buy: printing,   publishing  a'nd   distributing  ad-
Negligee Shirt
Not Tm early to Look
Exclusive  patterns  are now h
some of the choice ones wm t,Betej"
early,   and   some   of   the  ile»igUs  {
cannot duplicate,     lf you appr^*'
unusual styles it will intanet joii
come promptly. "j
Flatiron Hats
The Smartest Soft Hat ol the Seam,
These Hats have been enthim.,1
cally received by young men UM
the very first day we brought ^
out. Neither trouble nor ei
has been saved in the production
these goods, as you will eiieerlulj
acknowledge upon examination,
KILROY,  MORGAN  CO., U||
110 Urdovi Sired
+—
IT'S ALL IN THE CLOTHES
"Ho Charge lor the Nana, the Cost Is all la tha Glathas."
Most makers lay great stress on the name. We devote our
attention to the Clothes. We realize that when we ' 'deliver the
goods" the name will take care of itself.
"Stilenfit" Ready-for-Service Suits, $12. and $15. up to $30.
Special liae ol Trousers lor $ 3.00
J. DANAHER & CO. tfZSrZmTt
SOLE AGENTS FOR   "STILENFIT"   CLOTHES
Samples and blank measu rements sent on application.
In so far as machinery dispenses
with muscular power, it becomes a
means of employing laborers of
slight  muscular  strength,   and  those
A great hulabaloo arises in some
quarters over the declaration of Dr.
Osier that men have outlived their
usefulness  at    40,    and    should     be
whose bodily development is incom- chloroformed out ofexistenee at 60
pletc but whose limbs are aU the .years of age. From the standpoint
more supple. The labor of women of capitalist wealth production there
and children was therefore the first j is 110 doubt a measure of justifica-
■■  -- - tion for the Doctor's opinion, aa it
is becoming quite the rule to refuse
employment in industry to men of
40 years or over because they are
no longer up to the mark of industrial efficiency. That is, there is no
looger a sufficient quantum of the
juice of surplus value in their bones.
Such being the case there is no logical reason why such useless Junk
should be allowed to accumulate on
the  capitalist premises.
It would perhaps be as well not
to pursue investigations along tbia
line too far. however, as we know a
considerable number of men who outlived their aay of usefulness upon
the day of their birth. Dr. Osier
may belong to that category for
aught we know.
■   - 0
thing sought for by capitalists who
used machinery. That mighty substitute for labor and laborers was
forthwith changed into a means for
increasing the number of wage laborers by enrolling, under the direct
sway of capital, every member of
the workman's family, without distinction  of age or  sex.—Marx.
 o ——
It requires neither more nor less
power to produce any given article
today than at any previous time in
history. That much of this power is
now supplied by water, steam and
electricity, however, makes the burden of. toil no lighter to the workirg
class. The benefit ol this Increased
power of wealth production resulting
from the harnessing of the forces of
nature, accrues only to those who
own the mechanical factors by which
such powor has. been applied. Tho
ownership of .the machinery of production gives to them absolute con-
Work ingmen Are Always Welcome at
New Fountain Hotel
*   C. SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and up.
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver, B.C.
A bill is now pending in the U. S.
Congress to increase the President's
salary to $100,000 per annum, and
   place  ex-Presidents   on  the  pension
trol of the entire product of labor.   J roll   at $25,000    per    year.     This
^^ should     be a valuable Up to silly
work people who wish to get a raise
in their wages, to first get control
of the reins of government. After
that it seems dead easy. So easy, in
fact, that even hired men can make
it work. We know that congressmen
and the Teddy chap are only servants. At least we are told so by the
people who ought to know.
IN
WATCH
REPAIRING
GREAT CARE IS EXERCISED, AS
WE ENTRUST THE REPAIR TO
EXPERIRNCED WORKMEN ONLY,
AND NOT TO APPRENTICES OR
AMATEURS.
SPROTT & Co.
THE ARCADE JEWELRY STORE.
duces  $10  worth   of  goods dear
all   expenses,   per   day,   und   n-ceivj
$2.       How.      tell   me  how.   can
workers   who   thus   produce  lour
live times us, inueh goods as thi-iri
come,  every  buy  it  ull  back?   j^
there not of necessity bo owrrprodgj
lion so-ended,  parties I  crieim-n, shj
ting  down  of   mines   and  mills
factories?    Tho  Idlers    among
capitalists run not soon use up ij
surplus. W\
The workers it seems, must !»■
tent to work, only part of th,. Jn
and that, nt suih wages us thelrM
allows. In order to make big pi|
they must go without tiling m
they would gladly make had iM
only the right, to use the raachlM
the divine right to work,
If   they  cuiinot   they  must joint
urmy  alreudy   0,000,000 strong
will, never     rest    till   they   own i|
means of life themselves—the But
ist  army.
Hula I.owriil
Cluresholm,  Allu., Manh 18, n»f
 o	
The   tusk   confronting   tin-   Itiis?
working people In  throwing off
galling .Mike of  Czarism  is -.tans
ing  in   its  magnitude.     The conn
manifested liv these oppressed to
in   luckling  it  is  unbounded.    E
Idea   of   the  eiiei'Vy   they   are  puit|
into    its   accomplishment   mav
gleaned from the following:
In   tin-   course   of   the   In.st  twrf
months,    over    100,000,000 lead
each conaif ing of one sheet. 50,1
000 fpur-page pamphlets, 1O.O00J
revolution;!!.-     newspapers,    anil
000.000    political   tracts   and be
were  piinti'ii   iiluonil,   smuggled
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_ Russia,   nnd   circulated    among
vertisements; decorating windows and 'Czar's  subjects   from    Arohangell
adulterating   goods   to   sell;   nitisls. | rjMls  nm,  f|11|M  Warsaw   to  Vlad|
duplicate   clerks   and   officials   gii'""': st0rk.
who under a sane .system where there | _____
was   no  competition   would   be    not
needed  and  might  be   making  useful
things.
Why are all these millions not allowed to work'.' Because men aro
allowed to own land, railroads,
ships, machines and tools—not to
use themselves but to put. other men
to work on. By paying each man
much less than the value he produces
they make a profit. If harvesters
were manufactured without a profit
to the factory owners we know we
would not have to pay $105 each
for them. And the employes in these
factories would not receive only $8
per day and would not need to be
thankful for their Thanksgiving turkey presented by their kind (?) employer.
That is what Socialism proposes
to do—abolish profit, for thus only
can the worker receive the full value
of  his  labor  product.
Now the worker produces say $C>00
worth of wheat in- a year. The railroad commission merchant, mill owner and baker gef §400, the farmer
receives the $200. The worker in
the woolen mill in the1 same way pro-
4n Opportune
fime for Reading
i>r<.p in and see our splendid assorts
•I' resiling matter. Trv our 1
•xchange. Return two old bonk'I
sr ;ive one new one.
E. GALLOWAY
VANCOUVER. II. C.
I Mi 14 Arcatft.       311 Abbott!
Mail orders promptly attended !c|
OUR  OWN*  PUBLICATIONS I
"Wage-Labor and  Capital,"
copy 5 cents;
6 copies 25 cents;
15 copies 50 cents;
40 copies $1.00;
100 copies  and over,   2 ccriUl
copy.
These rates Include postage toj
part of Canada or United StaU
THE WESTERN CLARIOSl
Box R.10 Vancouver. B|
WEBB & EVERETT
MAKERS OF
LOGGERS' & MINERS' SHOES ONLY
EVERY PAIR WARRANTEO - HAND MAOfl
UNION WORK
15S Cordova 81. Wot,
NO SWEATING
Vancouver. B.(|
Vancouver Co-Operative Association,
532 Westminster Avenue
Positively the Best Bread in the CilJ
Telephone 1734
C. N. Lee, Manager
A Union Shop and Endorsed by Every Union in VancouveJ
Do Tou Want the Btst of Everything
We Mull the Vo.yHext In the Way of L|gfit nt Print*   that   rahnot *.<• H"m\
The Nernst Electric Lamp
la the latcHt and grettMt lioon offered   to the ptfblte'botti for ctwa|*rt«
 blllliuncy.    Gall anil  mo un nliout rated, otc.
B. C. Electric Railway Co. S^EiW'
Jir«*l

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