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The Western Clarion Jul 16, 1904

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 :
TIIIE  WESTERN   CLARION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Tiiib is      AQk
Nt'MBKR       £g(li
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, July 16, 1904.
Subscription Prloe
Per Year
Sl.00
IAS, GOAL DUST AND THE LAW
Dangerous Explosives May Be Safely Handled
Under Certain Circumstances.
[HE   LATEST   INSURANCE   SCHEME OF   CAPITALISM
By Shrewd Management Profit May 8e Made From Labor
Eietner Dead or Alive.
When an explosion occurs in a coal mine the question at once
rises as to the cause of it.    If it can be proven to be a gas explosion
bere is more than a fair chance of placing the responsibility upon the
^lmighty, in which case crvsh is not  forthcoming.    If, however, it can
proven to be a dust explosion the responsibility may be fixed upon
Iie owners, and cash payment for resultant damages be demanded,
ence the success or failure in the recent Fernie cases depended upon
hether the explosion at the Fernie mines was caused by gas or dust,
ldgment was rendered in favor of the gas theory so the Almighty must
boulder the responsibility and the Crows Nest Pass Company is saved
^e pain of cash payment The following from the text of the decision
Leadbeater vs. the Crows Nest Pass Coal Company, with the sub-
lined communication is recommended to the careful consideration of
I'kstern Clarion readers:
In support of the second charge the plaintiff advancea the theorv that
the explosion was essentially one of coal dust; while in answer to that
the defendant company maintains that it was a gas explosion substantially
and essentially, though admitting that as ia every mine of this nature, dust
may have participated in it to an immaterial and unascertainable extent.
**********
The next fact to be determined is, was it a dust or gas explosion ?   In
arriving at a conclusion on this vital point wherein science plays so great a
part, the court is very largely in the hands of experts, and, in determining
what weight shall be attached to their testimony, will be guided by their
apparent competency and disinterestedness.   Applying, then, the opinions
ot these witnesses to requisite facts, which have deen proved to my satisfaction, I am forced to the conclusion that on the evidence it must be held
that this was essentially and substantially a gas explosion; and  of such a
nature and extent that, quite apartt from any possible augmentation by
dust, it was alone sufficient to cause,  and consequently must  be  held to
have caused all the results which the plaintiff necessarily assumed the
onus of attributing to a dust explosion.   In this relation I think it proper
to say that I accept as substantially correct the defendants' contention as
regards two Lets of paramount importance; viz: (a) the  state  of affairs at
the overcast; and (b) in the main entry generally; and largely as a consequence thereof I am satisfied that the explosion properly so called, did not
pass through that main entry; though if the dust theory be accepted  that
is the place of all others throughout the   length of which  it  must have
passed in the condition of that mine.   There is nothing in  my opinion, in
the conclusion of the Coal  Dust Committee  (second report, 1894, p. viii)
which, having regard to the circumstances oi this case, conflicts with this
view; though it is apparent that there is still much to be learned on the interesting and important subject of dust in coal mines.
Such being the opinion I have arrived at, it is not necessary to consider any other matters, which liecome immaterial, nor to refer to the cases
cited, because on the above facts so found no negligence can be attributed
to the defendant company.      *******
the Editor of The Wkstern Clarion :
I would like to get space in your paper to make some explanation
regard to the coal mine disaster at Fernie two years ago last  May,
id also the trial at Nelson in behalf of the widows, orphans and other
atives of those who were slaughtered for profit.    I enclose the judge's
ision clipped from the Nelson News.    Now, Sir, I have heard you on
platform refer to the workers labor power being a commodity, the
e as cabbage, onions, molasses, etc., but this trial  has opened my
■s wider than ever they were before.    It was proved at the trial
t the men and boys who were slaughtered were insured for one hun-
and fifteen thousand dollars for the company's benefit.   The more
them killed the more profit for the company.  I was credibly informed
our lawyers that all concerns of any size in Canada or the United
ates insure all of their goods and chatties in the shape of men, so thev
a source of profit either dead or alive.    About fifty thousand dollars
ed up the mine after the explosion, so the company had sixty-five
usand dollars clear profit.   This ought to be enough to make every
rkingman think.
About the mine inspectors of B. C.     One of them, James McGre-
jr, who is now inspector of quartz mines in the Kootenays, was inspec-
at Fernie before Archie Dick, who is a protege of Dunsmuir's.    Mc-
egor wrote the Minister of Mines that the Fernie mines were in a
gerous state and he wanted the minister to back him up to do his
Ity, but instead he was removed and Dick put in his place.     Dick's
t report to the minister was that the mine was very dusty and
gerous.    His next was that the mine was damp and improved.   It
brought out in open court that Dick was getting three hundred
lars per month from the company.    Of course he made a lame denial
the defendant company's lawyers did not call Stockett, the manager,
;o the witness box, as Mr. Taylor would have made him answer that
stion among others.
About the danger oi dust.    Ten years ago a commission was set up
"quire into the danger arising from coal dust, etc.    It was proven at
t time that dust was more dangerous than gas, and that  all  big ex-
sions were caused by dust.    The very men who gave this evidence
ore the Dust Commission were brought from England—one from the
ited States named Beard—by the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company to
ist in proving the Fernie explosion to have been caused by  gas, and
by dust.    To the credit of one of these parties, named  Galloway, it
y be said that he did not go upon the stand although  brought for
t purpose.    Ashworth and Beard, however, gave evidence entirely
;ainst their sworn statement before the Royal Dust Commission.    These
the "disinterested', parties referred to in the judge's decision.
The law in British Columbia and in most all other mining countries
that dust shall be cleaned out of mines, a thorough system of sprink-
g of haulage roads with water shall be made, and no shots fired until
|e dust has been cleaned back sixty feet from the face of the coal and
space sprinkled.   The evidence for the widows and orphans showed
|at this was never done at Fernie, and this was the truth as I can
uch.   The experts gave evidence two  years after the explosion, al-
ugh in the mean time the mine had  been  fixed up with the fifty.
■ .,,.,,•! I money, unless it be something learn
|ousand dollars' blood money.   I am informed by the miners who were  ed byJ the expcricnce B
the trial that Mr. Thos. Morgan, who was sent to Fernie—thanks toj    As nearly a century of disastrous
Hawthornthwaite and Williams, who got tbe change made—has notified
the company recently that no more shooting.is to be done in the mine,
as he won't allow it, so if the miners cannot piake enough by the ton,
the company will have to pay day's wages, to make up what they lose
by not shooting.
The lawyers for the defence tried to make a huge joke of the whole
business. What about it to them ? It was merely a hundred and thirty
odd miners put out of the way, and there v.as profit in it. I am going
to give you the names of the witnesses, as I remember them for our side:
Mr. Robb, not interested, likely to lose his job; James Wallace, not interested, fir<?d two years ago for giving his evidence at the inquest; Sam
 not interested, was told he need not come  back: Mr.  Connors, not
interested, will lose his job; Thos. Davis, not interested, lost his job;
Tom Lecher, not interested, lost his job; Mr. Blakemore, first manager
for the company, gave expert evidence. Witnesses for the defence were:
Mr. Drinnen, risen trom mine superintendenjj at coal creek to be general
superintendent of all the company's mines, since the explosion; Tom
Graham, much interested as he was pit-boss and was blamed for the explosion; Mr. Colville who rose from rail track layer to be mine superintendent; Archie Dick, interested through the three hundred dollars per
month; Mr. Ashworth, expert English capitalist and mine owner; Mr.
Beard of the Scranton, Penn., School of Mines, and under the pay of
the company.    Of course, we all know the lawyers are well paid.
If this will only open the workers' eyes it will do good, though the
case is lost to the widows and orphans left without bread-winners. How
long, oh, Lord, how long must these things continue before the working
mules understand where they are placed.
I remain, Yours Truly,
HUGH DIXON.
THE CONCENTRATION OF CAPITAL
To Check It Is Reactionary and Against
Hainan Progress.
LABOR   AND   THE   CAPITALIZATION   OF   INDUSTRY
The Meaning of tbe Many Different Movements Taking
Place in the Industrial World.
The rapid concentration of capital
so particularly noticeable during the
last few years has excited more or
less alarm among those who have
directly fell the crushing power of
giant concerns. It is quite natural
that those who experience evil effects from any change in human affairs that may occur should make
complaint, and finding themselves
unable to ward off evil effects single-
handed,  call   most   piteously  for  as-
»*5
MINE MANACER MAKES THREAT
Smuggler-Union Mine Will Remaie Closed Unless Workers Vote As Ordered
The Smuggler Union mines in the
Telluride district, Colorado, have
been closed down. In announcing
the suspension of operation Manager
Bulkeley Wells, of military fame,
says:
"As far as the Telluride district is
concerned the struggle against the
rule or ruin policy of the Western
Federation of Miners has been won.
"It only remains for the people to
declare at this fall's election that the
type of socialism which means anarchy, shall no longer attempt to paralyze the industries of the state, and
that the essentially American right
of man to work when, where and for
what wage he will, shall not be denied #hjm by any labor organization.
If the people so record themselves,
the Smuggler-Union mines will resume operations. If they do not,
the Smuggler-Union mine will remain
closed indefinitely."
Having won in the struggle against
the "rule or ruin policy'" of the W.
F. M. the Smuggler-Union owners
inaugurate a rule or ruin policy of
their own. Unless they whose living
depends upon the working of the
mines conform to the wishes of the
mine owners in their political faith,
ruin shall be their po tion. Their
sustenance shall be cut off indefinitely by the mines remaining closed.
Daniel Webster once said, "He who
controls your bread controls your
ballot." The Smuggler-Union owners are trying to make good the assertion. Those dependent upon the
mines for their daily bread are very
plainly told that they must vote the
absolute .control of economic power
into the hands of the present owners
or they shall have no bread. It
should be clear to every person that
the key to the situation lies in the
ownership of those things upon which
carried out. With a working class
administration in control the contrary -vould be the case. The moment any industry was closed by order of the capitalist owners, it would
be opened up by the power of the
state and continued for the purpose
of enabling those dependent upon it
to provide themselves with the necessaries  <>f  life.
The'.-nly "Socialism" which means
anarchy"   is   the   Socialism   now   in
control in Colorado.   It is the Socialism of* he mine owners which spells
capitalism.   The other sort means the
contrary  of  the   present   anarchy   in
Colorado.   It means peace, order and
liberty.     It   means   to  labor,   that  it
shall enjoy the full product of its toil,
a right that shall no longer be denied,
as   at   present,   by  any  capitalist  organization.    It would be well for Labor if every capitalist concern
earth   would   at   once   make
threat.      No    more   effective
could  be used  to point out that the
control  of  the   means of production
is at one and the same time the key
to slavery or freedom for the working
class, and that such control is    held
only in consequence of first holding
control  of  the  reins  of government.
With capital in control of the reins
of government,  it's control    of    the
means   of   wealth   production   is   secured.    The key is turned in the direction of locking the chains of slavery upon  the limbs of the  workers.
With  Labor in control of the  reins
of government, it secures control of
the means of wealth production.   The
key is turned in the direction of unlocking   the   chains   of   slavery,   and
La'bor is free.    Let no working   man
be frightened by such threats, but on
the   contrary   be   encouraged.     The
very fact that a certain line of political action on the part of the workers
on
similar
means
for the   early   days   of   machinery,
workers,   more   particularly   in   England   and   France,  in   their  alarm  at
the   danger   which   threatened   them
by   the  introduction  of  the  machine
into   the   workshops,   destroyed   the
machines, thus hoping to £ scape the
threatened  evil.    The   folly  of  such
action can be readily seen.    The advent  of the  machine marked  an  increased   productive   power   of   labor,
and  was,  therefore, distinctly  in  line
with   human   progress   and   advancement.    The attempt to prevent it, no
matter by what means, was reactionary   and,   therefore,   contrary   to   the
highest   and   best   interests   of  mankind.     The   forces   which   make   for
progress are greater than those which
work   against  it,  and   the   efforts  of
tliepc   misguided   workmen   failed   in
consequence.      The    more    powerful
tlii? machine becomes i.he larger must
become it's field of operation.    This
expresses itself in the concentration of
capital,   which   is  going  on   throughout  the world.    The machine makes
possible the mobilization of economic
power.    The concentration of capital
effects   the  mobilization   and   directs
it in the way of sweeping the field of
the   obsolete   and   worthless   rubbish
of small  production.    The  latter  being   too   expensive,   therefore,   wasteful,   is   relegated   to  oblivion.
there to enjoy the supreme pleasure
of looking for a job. It is little wonder they howl at the prospect, but
howling will not avert their doom.
They must take their medicine as
did the workers when the machine
ousted the hand tool.
Capital is the term applied to
wealth (resources of the earth, machinery, etc.) used for the purpose of
exploiting labor, or making a profit
out of it. As the means of production, land and tools, one time the personal or private property of the individual who used them, are transformed
into capital, these things are said to
be capitalized.   In the
the   people   depend   for   their   bread,   endangers the rule of capital is proof
^^^^^ '' enough that every worker should fol
low that line. They can not get the
worst of such line of action, as they
have   "nothing   to    lose     but     their
viz.:  the resources of the earth and
the tools of wealth  production.
With the capitalist class in control of the machinery of government
these threats may be safely made and   chains."
MEAT WORKERS' REBELLION
The strike of the meat workers in
the  great  packing  establishments  of
Chicago and other cities, has already
involved many thousands of workers.
It bids fair to be of considerable duration,    and  of   far  reaching    consequence,   not    only   to   the     workers
directly involved, but to thousands of
others.    Whatever  suffering and  privation  it may entail, will fall exclusively   upon     the    shoulders  of   the
working class.    While it is true the
revenue accruing to the masters may
be   interrupted,   or   entirely   cut   off
while the strike is pending, when it is
over they will occupy the same point
of vantage as before.   The plants will
still be their property, out of which
they stand to recoup themselves for
any loss sustained.    The loss to the
strikers and those who assist them is
forever lost. The money spent in the
struggle and the loss in wages which
would   have   been   otherwise   earned,
can not be regained.   These struggles
result    in    nothing   to   the   workers
other than a waste of both time and
failures has not yet taught the
workers the futility of such struggles,
it seems as though education by experience it a slow process.
The public will be treated to the
usual stock of guff about justice, liberty, and a "fair wage." The ultimate result will, however, be the
same. The men will sooner or later
be compelled to return to work. The
musters will still be masters, and the
slaves will remain slaves.
While this farce lasts the price of
meats will advance, thus adding a
greater load to the almost intolerable
burden of the poorest paid and most
helpless among the working class.
Hatred towards each other will be
fanned to flame among the wage
earners, and vile epithets will be
applied. The longer it lasts the more
appalling and far-reaching the consequences. As the defeat of the 1
workers is inevitable, the sooner it
comes the better for all concerned.
To prolong the struggle, but
longs the agony. B^^^
Later—The word comes that the
strike is liable to be speedily adjusted, as there are prospects of arbitra-
t ion. This is as good a way as any
to avoid a useless . and disastrous
struggle. J>
pro-
The concentration of capital into
larger masses means the organization of industry to fit the
requirements of gigantic production
and exchange. The enormously productive power of labor armed with
the giant tools of modern industry,
cannot be economically exercised, except under a management corresponding in power to that of the tool
itself.
To arrive at the greatest efficiency i
cveiy part of the modern system of
industry   must   work   in   conformity
with all other parts.   The production
of iron and steel can not be carried
on independent of the transportation
service,  the textile  industry, agricultural  industry,  leather  industry,  coal
industry, building industry and so on
down the line.    The same is true of
each   and   all   branches   of   industry.
All   must  come  under  one  management so as to make up a whole of the
greatest possible economic efficiency.
This  is  the  work  being carried  out
by and through the concentration of
capital,  which  causes  the owners  of
"obsolete   rubbish"   to   cry  out   with
anguish  as it is swept aside.    That
which goes on under the hands of the
great  capitals of the day, Jiiakes  for
the more perfect, because more economical,   organization     of     industry.
It  is,  therefore, strictly in  line  with
human  progress and all attempts  to
circumvent  it will  prove  of as  little
avail  as were the efforts  of the old
lime worker to keep the machine from
supplanting the hand tool.    With the
advent of the machine the hand tool
became the "obsolete rubbish" to be
swept   aside.     How     complete     the
sweeping,   may   be   readily   seen   hylic who cares to observe.    With the
highly   developed   set   of     machines,
which make up what is here spoken
of as   the  present  giant  tool  of industry,   with   its   attendant     massed
capital,    the   smaller   establishments
with their lesser capitals become the
"obsolete rubbish" to be swept aside,
and the vigor of the sweeper (big capital), is vouched for by the howls of
anguish  coming from the beneficiaries  of  the  sweepee   (small    capital).
As their small capitals are swept out
of existence and their field of operations added to the domain of big cap- j
!*~'     these    beneficiaries
Capitalization of Industry
there  arises  much   confusion  in   the
public mind  because  the real nature
of the process it not readily discovered.   It lies so hidden behind a mask
of  pretense   and   deceit,   that  it  appears to be what it is not.    If carefully examined it is found to be the
very contrary of what it appears to
be.    The   expression   is   often   made
that  some  certain   capitalist  concern
values its property    too   highly.      It
may perchance be a railway company
capitalized   at     $100,000,000.     It     is
readily seen that its plant and equipment might be duplicated for a much
smaller sum of money.   To the aver-
) age person   it  occurs   that  the  com-
' pany is guilty  of reprehensible conduct  in   placing  its   capitalization   at
such an enormous figure, and it may
even be accused of downright swindling.    It would appear at first glance
as though at least some valid grounds
for   such   suspicion   existed.     These
accusations   and   suspicions   arise   because of a  lack of understanding as
tc   what  has  really  been  capitalized.
V bile   it  appears   to   have  been   the
track, bridges, buildings, locomotives,
cars,   etc.,   and   as   these   things   are*
absolutely useless of themselves, and
could   therefore  pay   no profit  upon
any   capitalization   whatever,   it   becomes clear that these things are but
the  mask   behind   which   lies   hidden
the thing of real value, the thing actually measured by the capital stock
of the company.
Suppose our road to have actually-
cost $50,000,000,  and  the  normal   interest or rate of profit, upon investments to be ten per cent.    The road
supplies a .rse value to the community
in the way of service.    This service
is   performed   by  working  men,   not
by    stockholders.    The    community
pays   for   the   service   in   fares   and
freight rates.    The service is always
worth the price charged for the rea-,
son that the individual can transport
his person or goods in no other man-
ne: so cheaply.   If the staff of workers employed by the road can perform
sufficient   service,   and   the   adjacent
community    furnish   the   need  of  it,
so   that   the   revenue   will   meet   the
I i>me.it of all expense in the nature
of  wages,   supplies,   repairs,    betterments, etc., and leave at the end of
the year a balance of $5,000,000, the
road would  be worth  the $50,000,000
as    the    balance   of    profit    left    at
the year's end would  be the normal
ten   per  cent.    The   road   then   will
stand  capitalization   to   that   amount
and its stock will sell in the market
at par.    Suppose  that  the year  following owing to increase of business
the net revenue at the year's end was
$10,000,000, which is twenty per cent,
on its capitalization,  or  double    the
normal rate of profit. The road is then
worth   $100,000,000.     It   will   sell   at
that  figure   as  an  average   capitalist
investment.    It's stock may be "watered" up to that amount and still remain at par in the market.   All of this
has  happened  without  a  single  outside dollar having been added to the
cost of the    road.      Labor
has  produced   the   revenue   by
performing the s-ervice, so that labor
is the thing capitalized.    The road is
the mask behind which it is done.
The actijal worth of capitalist concerns is therefore determined solely
by the productive power of the workers whose services it may be able to
command. When the working man
reads of a United States Steel Corporation, with its immense capitalization, or any other concern, he
should understand that such valuation lies solely in the hide and carcass of the army of slaves owned by
such concerns, and the means of production  (mines, mills,  factories, rai'
original
alone
into
uuse    Dene.iciar.es    are    swept   ways, etc.,) are merely the title del-
the   ranks   ol   the     proletariat,   to this slave  prooertv
property.
I THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER. B. 0.
lie Western Clarion
Published every Saturday morning,
in the interests of the Working Class
alone, by The Western Socialist Publishing Co., Limited, at the office of
the Universal Printing Trust, Flack
Block basement, 165 Hastings Street,
Vancouver,  B.  C.
SUBSCRIPTION:  SI.00 PER ANNUM
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C"If you receive this paper, it is
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Address all communications to
The WESTERN CLARION
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
297
Watch the label on your paper.
If this number is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
Vancouver, B. C, July 16, 1904.
ARBITRATION
In these days when it is becoming
quite the fashionable thing to be a
devotee of the theory of arbitration
between the capitalist and the worker
it would be well to know just what
the issue is and whether it were possible to settle the differences by such
a method. If arbitration is to be successfully applied in the matter of
differences arising between two or
more parties, certain conditions must
first exist: First, there must be
something to arbitrate. Second, it
must be capable of settlement by
arbitration. Third, the parties to the
arbitration must be on an equal footing as to the selection of the arbitrators and the enforcement of the
award.
Is there then anything to arbitrate
between Capital and Labor? The
owners of capital purchase the commodity labor power in the market
just the same as they purchase any
other thing they desire. The worker
sells this commodity just the same
as any other is sold. The capitalist
buys and the worker sells to the best
advantage possible. The one has the
right to refuse to purchase, and the
other the right to refuse to sell,
unless the price or other conditions
of sale or purchase be satisfactory.
Fancy the buyers and sellers of
shoes, clothing, cabbage, sausages, or
any other commodity even suggesting
a resort to a court of arbitration to
fix prices. The very absurdity of the
proposition would at once strike the
most obtuse person. Even he would
recognize the entire absence of anything to arbitrate, and would laugh
the proposition to scorn.
The capitalists are masters by-
virtue of their ownership of the
means of production. The workers
are slaves as a result of such ownership. Under such circumstances the
condition of the market determines
what the capitalists must pay, and
the workers must accept for the commodity labor power.
Granted for the sake of argument
that the price of labor power were to
be fixed by arbitration at any given
time, would anything have been permanently settled? Midst decidedly
not, as the conditions of the market
would be subject to the same changes
as before, and similar fluctuations in
price would inevitably follow. As
nothing could, therefore, be permanently settled, the whole thing would
resolve itself into.a farce.
Do the capitalist and the worker
stand on an equal footing in the
matter of appointing arbitrators and
enforcing an award? The power to
set up boards of arbitration and provide for the enforcement of its
awards must of necessity rest with
government. As this power rests
errtirely in the hands of the capitalist
class, it will be readily seen that the
workers are in no better position
than prior to the setting up of an
arbitration policy. Upon the other
hand the capitalist is in a much better
position, as the appointment of arbitrators and the enforcement of awards
are entirely in his own hands through
liis own government. Therefore the
capitalist and worker do not stand on
an equal footing.
To sum up, there is nothing to
arbitrate. There never was anything
to arbitrate between master and slave.
So long as the master holds the reins
•of power he will remain master and
any arbitration necessary will be
applied as at present under the lash
of the law.
When Labor discovers anything to
arbitrate it must of necessity be its
freedom from slavery. To arbitrate
this requires that Labor seize
the reins of power and make and enforce its award.
The only court of arbitration worth
while is the reins of government.
Workers of the world, by the exercise of your political rights, take possession of it, and wipe out the wage
system.
CONFISCATION.
An individual is occasionally met
with who really believes the Socialist
to. be a person who advocates some
scheme of •confiscating property.
Nothing could be further from the
truth, however. The Socialist is the
only person on earth who is unalterably opposed to confiscation. The
capitalist system has for its fundamental basis the daily confiscation of
the products of Labor in toto. Not
a stored of the product is left to those
who produced it, the workers.
Surely no advocate of confiscation
would propose a more complete
scheme than that. The mills, shops,
mines, railways, etc., all that goes to
make up the modern machinery of
industry, is the product of the labor
of all the generations of wafers
that ever lived upon the earth. 11 hey
could not, therefore, in decency, be
claimed as the property of anything
less than the whole people. To declare these means of wealth production to be common property would
in no sense of the word be confiscation. It would be merely abrogating
the power now possessed by the capitalist class, to confiscate the products of Labor daily. It would in no
proper sense be confiscation of property. Restitution to the rightful
owners can not be construed as confiscation. Restitution in this case
renders future confiscation impossible, as with the means of wealth
production under its own control
Labor will produce things for its
own use, instead of as now for the
profit and aggrandisement of a
robber class.
Capitalists approve of, and practice
confiscation. Not only do they confiscate the products of labor from the
workers, but do their level best to
confiscate this ill-gotten swag from
each other. The saying, "there is
honor even among thieves," does not
always  hold   good.
Socialists repudiate confiscation,
and call upon the workers to rise en
masse and forever put an end to it,
by taking possession of the earth,
which belongs to them, because they
are the only ones who make at least
decent use of it.
PIGMIES SQUEAL.
In Everybody's Magazine for July,
Thomas W. Lawson begins his story
of the Amalgamated Copper Company, in which he purposes telling to
the world how "thirty suicides" wefe
caused, "twenty once resptctible men
made convicts, and more than $100,-
000.000 of hard earned saving swept
from the public into Standard Oil
vaults," as the price of its flotation.
The first installment is merely in the
nature of a promise as to what future
chapter- will set forth. There is
nothing in it to suggest other than
another "squawk" such as Ida M.
Tarbell recently put up in McClurc's,
on the Struggle for supremacy betwixt the "Independent Producers"
and tlie "Standard Oil" crowd. These
howls coming from the throats of
"small fry skinners" because they
have been beaten at their own game
are strongly remindful of the child
who having ben soundly spanked,
with puckered lip, tearful eye and
lusty lung solicits sympathy. The
pucker, tear and howl are usually so
out of proportion to the merit of the
case that humor is aroused rather
than sympathy.
"Small fry skinners" forced to
surrender the small patches of hide
they have flayed from the backs of
the workers howl most lugubriously.
They have no sympathy to waste upon the working class whose toil and
sweat form the very basis and groundwork of their petty exploitation, as
well as the gigantic exploitation carried on by the Standard Oil crowd
and other capitalist giants. This
struggle between giants and pigmies
in the arena of plunder is of no interest to the plundered workers.
However  fierce  the  fight  waged  be
tween plunderers over the division of
the spoils the workers should not allow themselves tl) take sides.
Though this warfare among the plunderers should leave the field in its
wake strewn with corpses of the combatants, no tears need be shed by the
plundered "proletariat." Let the
workers but rise in the attempt to
stop being longer plundered and
giant and pigmy will be as one in
their repression.
It is true that Mr. Lawson in his
preliminary statement hints at the
"system" being at fault and not persons. This has lead some of our
exchanges into the belief that the
system hinted at is the capitalist,
or wage system. From reading Mr.
Lawson's article we are convinced
that he does not have the wage system in mind. He evidently refers to
the particular system followed by
the Standard Oil giants of capital
in squezing from the pigmies such
wealth as the latter may have already
stolen from the working class. This
he calls "Frenzied  Finance."
Capitalists of either the giant or
pigmy type are the enemies of the
working class. While they are snarling and fighting among themselves
like hungry dogs over a bone, the
workers should be equipping themselves with the knowledge of how to
get rid of both.
Should the further development of
Mr. Lawson's story show that he has
the wage system in mind, and demands its overthrow, we shall at
once acknowledge ourselves in error
as to his meaning at the present
time.
PROPHECY    AND * CONFIRMA-
MATION.
In the Western Clarion of June 18,
under caption "Australian Labor
Party," appeared the following: "As
the Australian Labor Party appears
to be following no well defined
course, has evidently no conception
of the revolutionary program of the
international working class, ' and
therefore, no point in the social heavens by which to steer, it will inevitably become water-logged, founder,
or drift upon the rocks of opportunism,"
From late Australian exchanges
we learn that the Labor Party,
through its Prime Minister, Watson,
has made overtures to the Liberal
Pa-.v to effect a coalition, and agree
upon a joint program of "progressive
legislation," which would be mutually satisfactory. Having come into
control of the ministry by chance and
with no class interest of labor to
guide, it, and by which to stand or
fall it accepts the only alternative
of soliciting the embrace of one of
the legitimate parties of capital. By
so doing it publishes the fact of its
ow.i illegitimacy as a Labor Party.
As its overtures to the Liberal Party
were turned down, presumably it will
now pay court to the Third Party. It
is to be hoped it may succeed in being "taken in" by its nearest kin.
Such Labor Parties have "taken in"
working people altogether too long.
The livery of labor may be used to
serve capital in, but sooner or later
the fraud will be exposed. Like the
ass in a lion's skin, "it will betray
itst If at  the  first opportunity."
When the Clarion indulged it's prophetic soul to the extent of the modest prophecy above alluded to, it
scarce expected such speedy confirmation.
After reviewing the following
picture of the "hearth," the social
emblem of English middle-class society, drawn by the hand of E. Bel-
fort Bax, one is almost forced to
acknowledge it to be a fairly accurate picture of the "hearth" of the
same delectable tribe on this side of
the water.
"Respecting the throne and the
altar we have not much to say in
the present article. It is with the
bulwark of social life, tbe hearth,
otherwise expressed with modern
family life, that we are here chiefly
concerned. We refer more especially to the family life whose architectural expression is the suburban
villa. This is the ideal of the middle-class family of a "lower," i. e.
poorer degree, while in those of. a
"higher," i. e. richer degree its
characteristics are exaggerated into
the rank luxuriance symbolised in
the brand-new country mansion.
"Let us consider briefly tbe characteristics of the suburban villa in
its daily life and surroundings,
much as we would that of some ancient people, as. thus:—1. Household ways; early morning (item 1),
prayers, (2) breakfast, (3) departure   of paterfamilas and   sons   to
business. Journey beguiled by
morning papers and conversation
resembling for the most part undigested leaders from same. (N.B.—
The modern Journalist is, as it
were, the cook who boils down and
seasons up into a presentable entree
the "dead cats" of middle-class
prejudice.) (4) At home the wife
and daughters, after a possible feint
at domestic duties, prepare for
"shopping." (5) "Shopping," the
main occupation for the day for the
women of the middle-class being
over, luncheon follows, then calls,
then afternoon tea. (0) Return of
paterfamilias, more or less wearied
with his daily round of laboriously
endeavoring to shift money from
his neighbor's pocket into his own,
wearied, i. e. and degraded with
doing no useful work whatever.
(7) Evening taken up with sleep,
or conversation on the affairs of the
family, together with its relations
and connections, varied with the
indifferent performance of fashionable music and the perusal of current literature.
"The above we contend is a fair
picture of the type toward which
the daily life of the average English middle-class family gravitates.
We have said English inasmuch as
the commercial system has been
more potent in its effects on English
domestic life than on that of any
other European people; but the
same tendency to vapidity, inanity,
pseudo-culture,.which is tbe worst
form of lack of refinement, obtains
in one form or another wherever a
commercial class exists."
The many strikes of the late
year have led army officers to direct their inventive skill to the devising of a bullet that will be not
more deadly to armed mobs, but
much less dangerous than the one
now in use. A bullet from the
present rifle will pierce eighteen inches of pine at 500 yards; the
human body has only a resistance
of three inches of this wood. The
ordnance department has therefore devised what is now popularly
called the "mob cartridge," but
which the department euphem-
scitially terms multi-ball cartridge, calibre 30." The cartridge
is composed of a service case
charged with a full charge, about
thirty-four grains of smokeless
powder, and two round balls
held in the neck of the case by
cannulure at the lower end and a
crimp at the upper. The balls
are made of a mixture of lead and
in the proportion of sixteen to one,
and are slightly coated with para-
fine. The diameter oi the ball is
0.308 inch, and the weight is forty-
two grains. The cartridges have
sufficient accuracy for effective use
at 200 yards, at which a slight
elevation is required. At 100 yards
it is necessary to fire point blank.
—Scientific American.
-n^Kvery Local of the Socialist Party of B. C
should run a carJ under this head. $1.00 per
month.     Secretaries plrasc note.	
Socialist Party of British Columbia.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Provincial executive committee: A.
R. Stebbings, John Dubberly, L. T.
English, R. P. Pettipiece, E. T.
Kingsley, Vancouver; 0. Lee Charlton, Victoria; E. S. Embree, Greenwood. Ernest Burns, treasurer; B.
Merrill-Burns, secretary, Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vancouver, S. P. of B. C, No. 1.
Business meetings every Wednesday evening at 8 p. m. at headquarters, Ingleside Block (room 1, 2nd
floor) 313 Cambie street. Educational meetings every Sunday evening in Oddfellows' hall (3rd floor),
Sullivan block, Cordova street.
Secretary: O. P. Mills, box 836,
Vancouver..
Union Directory
When They Meet; Where They Meet.
gT»Kvery Labor Union in the province
ed to place a card under this head    t, _.  -
month.   'Secretaries please note. I*
Vancouver Trades and Labor CoundF
Meets first and third Thursdays it
each month, at 7.30 p. m. President
Geo. Dobbin; vice-president \Vm
George; secretary, C. T. HinC
financial secretary, J. L. LuW
treasurer, A. N. Harrington; set
geant-at-arms, J. C. Kerr; statial
tician, E. L. Beuford; trustee.
Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thorny!
son; executive committee, Messri
George and Gothard.
We note that the recommendation
of J. B. Osborne for a place on the
reserve list of National Organizers
was "turned down" by the State Com
mittee of the Socialist Party of Colorado by a vote of 6 to 2. We have
listened to some of those who now
hold positions as organizers for that
party, and we have read the utterances of many more. We have also
listened to Comrade Osborne while
he was in B. C. recently. We are
forced to the conclusion that Comrade Osborne was not turned down
because of any lack of knowledge of
the revolutionary movement of the
working class, or the ability to set
it forth, but because he does possess
both such knowledge and ability. As
the bunch now holding such positions
possess neither, we infer that to be
the necessary qualification required.
Comrade Osborne should feel flattered bv the turn-down.
the owner of the means of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system
is based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of wealth production;
therefore all the products of labor
belong to the capitalist. The capitalist is master; the worker ia slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wage system. To
acomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to
hold; the worker to secure it by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organise under the banner of the
Socialist Party of British- Columbia,
with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, aa follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.), into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and .management of industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use in
lieu of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is abolished, make
the answer to this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the intereat of the
working class and aid the workers in
"their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist Party is
for it; if it will not the Socialist Party
is absolutely oposed to it
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in its hands in such a manner as to
promote the interest of the working
class alone.
Vancouver Typographical Union, No.
226. Meets the 4th Monday in "each
month at Union hall. President
Ralph Wilson; vice-president, H
Hubbard; secretary, W. H. Hunt
P. O. Box 66; treasurer, John Wit-
kins; sergeant-at-arms, Jas. Web.
ster; executive committee -a
Pelky, W. Pound, C. Grassie, $
Brand; delegates to Trades ani
Labor Council, R. P. Pettipiece, \V,
F. Farrow, George Bartley, Georn
Wilby. g
United Brotherhood of Carpenten
and Joiners.. Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday in Unioi
hall, Room 2. President, Lumnet
O'Brien; recording secretary, Urbai
Chaplin, 2820 Manitoba street
Delegates to Building Trades Cou>
cil: P. McMurdo, and Taylot,
alternate, Greenwell and Rafnet!
Delegates to T. & L. Council: Q
D. Dobbin, J. McLaren, I., c
DeWolfe, G. F. Adams and A. I
Coffin.
One of the most amusing "critters"
in existence is the chap whose photograph comes along occasionally in the
form of a notice from his postmaster
bearing the word "refused." Too
narrow between the eyes to possess
reasoning facilities, and with a hollow in his cranium that he evidently
fears might become filled with something more valuable that mud, he forwards to the offending publication a
photo of his narrowness, and the contents of his skull through the medium
of his postmaster and the word "refused." It is by such narrow bigots
that the tyrannies of the ages have
been made possible. This particular
type, now happily Hearing extinction,
has been zealously cultivated by
every tyranny or despotism that has
as yet afflicted humanity. And yet
in his humble way this narrow-between the eyes is not altogether without value. He becomes a living exemplification of the folly of "casting
pearls before  swine."
SOCIALIST PARTY OF B. C.
PLATFORM
We, the Socialist Party of British
Columbia, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to and support
of the principles and program of the
international revolutionary working
class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it  should  justly  belong.    To
Greenwood Miners' Union, No. «,
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening in Union hall. J. R. Ritchit,
president; Ernest Mills, secretary-
treasurer.
Phoenix Trades and Labor Council
Meets every alternate Monday.
John Riordan, president; Edward
Brown, vice-president; P. H. La-
casse sergeant-at-arms; W. H. Banbury, secretary-treasurer, P. O. B01
198, Phoenix, B. C.	
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. |
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 730 o'clock in Minerf
hall. Wm. Barnett, president; Job
Riordan, secretary.
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No. 177, W
F. M. meets every third Saturday
from July 2. Alfred Andrews, pre*
ident; Jonathan Isherwood, P. 0.
Box 259, Nanaimo, B. C, recording secretary.
WANTED—Special Representative it
this and adjoining territories, to represent and advertise an old established
business hogse of solid financial standing. Salary Jii with expenses ad
vanced each Monday by check dircc
from headquarters. " Expenses advanc
ed; position permanent. We furnisi
everything. Address The Columbia
630 Monon Bldg., Chicago, 111.
ROYAL CROWN  SOAP
The Bait la the World
Mail us 15 Royal Crown Soap Wrappers, and in return we will mail a Beautiful picture, size 16x20; or for 35 wrappers your choice of over 100 books. Drop
us a post card asking for a catalogue of
premiums to be had FREE for Royal
Crown Soap Wrappers.   Address:
THE ROYAL CROWN SOAP CO.,
LIMITED
VANCOUVER, B. C.
PRINTING
Every   phase   of   the   Typographic   Art is
known and practiced in the job department.
SEND   IN    YOUR   ORDER   IF    YOU
WANT UP-TO-THE-MINUTE PRINTING
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The Western Clarion
The Only   Labor Paper in British Columbia
Box 836 Vancouver, B. C.
United Hatters of North America
.When   you are buying a FUR HAT see to it
at the Genuine Union Label is sewed in it.   "
a retailer has loose labels in his possession a.-
offers to put one in a hat for you, do not patronize him. Loose labels in retail stores are coiin-
- terfeits. The genuine Union Label is perforated
on four edges, exactly the same as a postage
stamp. Counterfeits are sometimes perforated on
three of the edges, and sometimes only on WO.
Keep a sharp lookout for the counterfeits. The
John B. Stetson Co., of Philadelphia, Pa., is a nonunion concern.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, President, Orange, N. J-
MARTIN  LAWLOR Secretary, 11 Waverly Place
New York.
a Wism ils^WW'-HWMBM'l m
ossm/m
&£3mr THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, B. C.
PROVINCIAL    EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.
The meeting of the executive committee this week was adjourned without any formal proceedings, no business of importance being on hand
and a number of the members being
absent.
The half-yearly audit of the books
oi the secretary and treasurer having
been   duly   completed   by   Comrades
Stanis    and    Peterson,    the    official
statement   showing   the   standing   of
the  Party as herewith submitted.  It
sjhould   be   remembered     that!    this
statement  only  includes   monies   received previous to July ist.   Amounts
coming  to  hand  later  than  that  go
in  the  next  half-yearly  report.  Several  Locals  that  have  been  inactive
'uring the half-year have now taken
steps to be placed in good standing
and  will   figure  in   the  next  report.
Others, notably those in the mining
camps of the Boundary country, have
been   broken   up   through   industrial
changes   and   the   membership   scattered.     A   comparison   between   the
Socialist vote at last provincial election and the dues-paying membership
if the party shows two things; first,
how imperfectly and inadequately the
Socialist strength of the province is
>rganized, and next how great a percentage   of   the   regenerate   working
class is hindered by the fear of the
masters from taking a definite stand
I with the Party on the three hundred
ind sixty-four days of the   year   in
which   they  have   not  even   the  one
I minute's freedom that is theirs in the
[polling booth on election day.    How
>ng before they will use that little
(minute   of  freedom     to    emancipate
themselves for the other three hundred and sixty-four days! How long,
jh,  working men of British Columbia?
Greenwood convention, for the pur-
jpose of nominating a candidate to
(contest  the  Dominion  election  takes
place today  (14th).    The  result will
be published  next week if the comrades are  not remiss in reporting.
- *   *   *
Slocan Local writes re the same
question. "When the date of election
has been set it will be necessary to
get to work at once to nominate a
candidate, and we think it best to
be as well prepared as possible, for
the time for campaigning may be
very short. The members of this
Local are all very much in favor of
making a fight at every opportunity.
Will Local secretaries please report
the name of press correspondent as
soon as such is appointed.
Vancouver, June 30,   1904.
B. C, Socialist Party Treasurer's
financial statement from January 1st,
1904,  to  June 30th,  1004:
RECEIPTS.
From  Party  secretary  for  dues  and
assessments $14885
EXPENDITURE.
January 1st, overdraft to treasurer  $ 12 80
January 15th, balance paid
Kingsley (organizing account      9 95
February 4th, repaid Matthews, loan     6000
April 9th, Kingsley, Victoria
visit      5 00
Secretary's —salary $10 for
January, and $5.00 for
months of February, March,
April,   May   and   June        35 00
April 9th,  stamps, etc       600
Printing paid on old and current accounts     39 00
Total expenditure..   ..   .'.$16775
LIABILITIES.
Advanced   by   treasurer   ... .$ 18 90
Due   Pettipiece   (printing,  old
account)        25 00
Total  liabilities $4390
July 9th, 1904.
Audited and found correct.
D. STANIS,
J.   A.   PETERSON.
An apparent discrepancy of $11.75
between the secretary's statement and
the treasurer's is accounted for by a
contra account between the executive
committee and Vancouver Local, and
another item not appearing on the
treasurer's books at time of credit,
but which properly belong to this
period. The present indebtedness of
the executive committe is thereby reduced t(. $38.10.
Statement ti Monies Received from
Locals between Jan. ist, 1904,
and July ist, 1904.
Local.   Name.     Dues.  Ass. Supplies.
1 Vancouver  ...,$25.00   $6.00* $ .75
2 Victoria     14.10     2.25   t2.io
2 Victoria ts.oo
3 Nanaimo  20.00
4 Nelson   4.20
5 Ferguson     5.00
6 Slocan    7.00
7 Revelstoke   .... 2.00
8 Phoenix  10.00
9 Greenwood   .... 7.00
10 Ladysmith   .... 8.00
11 Northlield   .... 7.20
17 Fernie   4.20
23 Kaslo   1.50
24 Hedley  4.70
775
1.20
300
1-25
1.20
3.00
3.00
50
2.25
2.20
3°
30
85
80
$119.90 $20.20 $20.50
12 Grand Forks    (not active   during
last half year.)
13 Cumberland, disorganized.
14 Boundary Falls, disorganized.
15 New Westminster, disorganized.
16 Michel, disorganized.
18 Eholt, disorganized.
19 Denoro, disorganized.
20 Mother Lode, disorganized.
21 Camborne, disorganized.
22 Van Anda, not active during last
half year.
*By contra.
tOrganizer's expenses.
The eleventh annual Austro-Hun-
garian Congress convened in Budapest from April 3rd to 5th.
There were 665 delegates present
from 278 cities and towns. The congress of 1903 was attended by 274
delegates from 166 cities and towns.
This remarkable increase in number
of delegates, and cities and towns represented is attirbuted to the ever increasing hard times among the working people, which in itself furnishes
a most effective and powerful propaganda Well may the brutal ruling
class of Austria tremble at such a
rapid approach to the citadel of power as indicated by this largely attend* d and enthusiastic congress of
revolutionary proletarians.
LOCALS TAKE NOTICE I
Whereas the constitution of the B.
C. S. P. provides for the holding of
an annual convention between August 15th and October 15th (Sec. Art.
V, Sec. 1),Locals are hereby requist-
ed to place in nomination the town
or city favored as the location of
said convention. It will also be '"
order to make suggestions as to the
date of convention.
It should be remembered that the
conventions of the party have hitherto all been held at the coast; that the
cost of travelling over our country
of "magnificent distances" is pratical-
ly prohibitory to the unmonied Socialist; that the convention should be
made as fairly representative as possible; and the nominations made with
a view to meeting and squaring this
triangle  of  condition.
The following form may be used
as nomination paper. Send them in
as soon as possible in order that the
ballots for the general vote may be
distributed without delay.
FORM.
Local No  S. P B. C.
nominates the city of for
place   of  annual   Provincial   Convention.
Signed	
Nominations  close  Aug.   1st,   1904.
ANOTHER BIG INCREASE.
On June 30th, the Assets of The
B. C. Permanent Loan and Savings
Company were $1,254,785.78, an increase of $188,537.75 for the half year.
During the same period the Permanent Stock Capital increased from one
hundred thousand dollars to one hundred and thirty-nine thousand four
hundred dollars, and further orders
are now in hand which will increase
this stock, to over one hundred and
tifty thousand dollars, and the sum of
ten thousand dellars has been added
to the Reserve Fund. The Contingent Fund has increased to the extent
of $5,060.21. This record for six
months indicates a very healthy and
rapid growth.
*   Our Victoria Advertisers *
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
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Are You a Working Man
Are too needing anything in Clothing
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All tbe News of All the World for All tbe
People nil the Time.
HAROLD BURNETT, News Agt.
Vlciotia General Ageni tor The
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CHICAGO EXAMINER AND AMERICAN
NEW YORK AMERICAN AND JOURNAL
HE* ROT'S BOSTON AMERICAN
FENNSVLVAMA GRir
Also handles 'Friico lundav Call and N. Y.
Sunday *»orkl.   Prompt ai,d regular dally delivery service t . subscribers. Leare word with
My news dealer.
P. 0. Box 444
ALL   WORKINGMEN
Appreciate the Benefits of
Tomato Bracer
Clam Cocktails
K. P. C. Winr
"THREE HOT DRINKS."
 HVOIENE KOLA WINE CO.	
COMRADES; strike at the Ballot Box
on Election Day, and be sure to
strike the
Rock Bay Hotel
When in Victoria
ARNASON BROS., Proprietors
TELEPHONE B779
HENRY BEHNSEN & Co.
Muvfwtsror ol
HAVANA
CIBARS
M. 8 Centre tt
VICTORIA, B.C.
-THE	
SIS B CIGAR
REGISTERED
VICTORIA, B. C.
SCOTT  &  PEDEN
3. S and 7 STORE STREET
Importers mid Dealers in
FLOUR, FKO HAY AND GRAIN
Hams, Bacon, Batter, Eggs, Vegetables
TdeoRoee S8S VICTORIA, 6. C.
Mail  Orders   Promptly   Attended  To.
For.
New and Stylish Millinery
Up-to-date Fancy Dry Goods
PAYING HIGH PRICES
BECOMES MONOTONUS
T« HASHES' FAIR £i
72 Bsvenswst Street, Victoria, 1. C
-SMOKE-
;; THE PRIOE 0F VICTORIA
Sold Everywhere. Uaioa Made.
09 Pastors St.      Victoria, B. C.
-GO TO-
STEVENS & JENKINS
84 DOUGLAS STREET
Colonial Bakery
2« Johnson St., Victoria. B. C.
UKIOR-MAOC BREAD AR0 CARES
Delivered to any part of the <->:y.   Ask Driter
to call.    PHONi; Mi)
Patronize  Clarion  Advertisers
DID YOU EVER THINK IT OVER?
DID IT EVER STRIKE YOU?
DID YOU EVER FIGURE IT OUT?
•
That giving yoor girl or boy a business education is better than a life insurance, and what is more, it is cheaper. A course does not cost much. A
course is based on a cash basis, but you can make arrangements with us to pay it in instalments, if it is more |convenient to you. What we want is to
train your girl ot boy and put her or him in'a business office. In another place in this advertisement you willffind a list of firms whom we have supplied with
stenographers during May, and May is not a good month either. All these young people are on full salaries. Our young people do riot need to work for
"experience." After ^ we have placed your daughter or son in a business office, they would be able to shift for themselves. They have then climbed the first
rung of the ladder. There is always room on top, especially in business; it rests with them, with their ovvn^lambition, how high they want to go. It is with
them only a matter of will. It does not require genius to be a good business man or a good business woman, it requires application. " It does not require even
a university or high-school education. Those young people who leave the public school and go through a business college and enter a business office at an early
age are more successful than those with a university training.       If   your   son   or daughter is now in the ofth reader, they are far enough advanced.        We have to
teach them anyway, business   arithmetic, business penmanship   and   business   correspondence, in   short   we   have to
teach them to use what they learned at school, in a busi-
^    Ii I^Ejw—       ^^^^^^^/jWJWM^//^   ^ess-like manner.       However, after   we   are through with
I ■ ' ilMsMSSSi^"Wsl',    .-_    VA'^'.-S^^xyj^'Mffm^M^ them (and they can do it in six months) they are  settled
for life. They have a trade out of which they can always
make their living, but more than that, they have got something that they can apply to any trade. Too many tradesmen aud mechanics are not successful, because they have not
studied business.
The School is always open.   We have no vacations.
:■■   A HINT TO THE GIRLS
A large number of girls are very anxious to come to
school and prepare themselves for business. They could
easily raise the amount for the course, but they are unable to
come on'account of the cost of boarding. If you are such
kind of a girl, and still ambitious, we will give you a pointer
which scores of girls have used, if you will write to us.
GREGG SHORTHAND
We  have  taught  the  old  system    or  over  six years.       A year and a halt ago we changed to Gregg's and WE COULD NOT BE PAID ENOUGH MONEY TO GO BACK TO THE OLD
SYSTEM.       GREGG .SHORTHAND IS MUCH EASIER TO LEARN, VERY MUCH EASIER TO READ.      IT READS LIKE LONGHAND.      IT IS DECIDEDLY PASTER TO WRITE.
We had a "boy 17 years old, acting as police court stenographer in Vancouver, in fact he was too young for the ;ob.       He was not a graduate, but he writes GREGG'S.
BOOK-KEEPING. No other school can teach as we do. Every other school uses text-books. We have taught eight years without them. The result is that our book-keepers are real book-keepers and office hands.
Employment during May was brisK. Although not usually a brisk month, June is better in that respect. The following firms engaged graduates of ours: B. C. Fruit Canning Co., Shallcro-s, Macaulay
& Co., barristers; Taylor, Bradburn & Co., Cascade Laundry, The Fairbanks Co., F. Buscambe & Co., Drysdale-Stevenson, Ltd., Federal Life Insurance Co., Canning Co,, Eburne; New England Fish Co., Waterfall, Beasley & Co.,
C. P. R. Freight Office, Pacific Transfer Co., Yoho Heater Co., A. MacDonald & Co., Ceperley, Rounsfell & Co.       The   lately  appointed   permanent  court  stenographer is also a graduate of the Vogel College.
VOGEL   COMMERCIAL   COLLEGE, Vanccwve* THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, B. C.
.
* ■
■
1 >i
I
?•'■'!
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
of reading matter. Try our book
exchange. Return two old books and
receive one new one.
E. GALLOWAY
VANCOUVER. B. C.
It and 14 Arcade.        326 Abbott Stree
Mail orders promptly attended to
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦<■
Burns & Col
Second-hand
Dealers
All kinds of Metals, Tools And
Stoves bought and sold
• > Loggers'Tools ano Cooking Utensils
Cor. Powell and Columbia Ave.
i ■ 'Phone 1570      Vancouver, B. G.
» MMMMMWmm
VICTORIA NEWS NOTES
Comrade Harold Burnett, of Victoria, says under date  of July  12th:
A successful meeting was held at
our regular propaganda meeting last
Sunday, the speaker of the evening.
Very Rev. Thomas C. Wiswell, of
Seattle, once a Congregational
minister, now a workingman. His
subject was "Why every workingman
should vote and work for the Socialist
program." He gave a resume of the
Revolutionary war of 1776, when
New England fought old England for
political liberty, and declared that political liberty was not so essential as
industrial liberty. He intimated that
the capitalist class always worked in
their own interests, and it was high
time the working class began to take
a tumble to themselves and voted and
worked for their own interests, instead of in the interests of the capitalist class. The so-called Labor Party
must ultimately ally itself with the
Socialist Party. The time is not far
distant when the workingmen of British Columbia and Canada will have
only two parties to choose from, viz.,
the Conservative Party and the Socialist Party. The Liberal Party, like
the Democrat Party in the United
States, was in a state of dismemberment and disintegration. The speaker referred to the negro question in
the south, and said the negroes must
settle it themselves, the whites will
never do it.
Comrade Waters is expected back-
soon from Chatanooga, Tennessee,
where he was sent as a delegate to
the convention of the Boilermakers'
Helper's Union.
Light is rapidly breaking in upon
Russian darkness. Three thousand
6oldiers drawn principally from Poland and Finland recently refused to
entrain for Manchuria, and when a
squadron of dismounted Cossacks
were ordered to act against them they
refused. When "an active battalion
is called out for coercive duties, to
overawe the reserves, or to fire upon
the mob it is now necessary to eliminate from its ranks all the Jews,
all ex-students, and every working
man who can read." It is only the
illiterates who may be depended
upon to fire at the word of command.
A military establishment is only
made possible through the ignorance
of the very class against whom it is
to be used, and from whose ranks
it must be recruited. An army,
whether regular or militia, and liberty
can not exist side by side. Where
the one exists the other has fled.
These be cheering signs from Russia. May they continue and become
more numerous until the oppressed"
toilers  shall  be  truly   free.
A striking proof of the uncertain
and shifting nature of employment
under the present system is furnished
by the large number of notices from
postmasters coming to this office
with the words "removed," "address
unknown." From the postmaster at
Camborne we received notice that 8
out of a list of 15 subscribers at the
time of "The Clarion's" suspension
had disappeared during the time
intervening between that time and the
resumption of publication. We have
just received a similar bunch of notices from Kaslo and Sandon. We
are told that Socialism would destroy
incentive. Capitalism surely cultivates incentive to look for a job..
Men have been strung up by the
thumbs by the militia in Colorado bull
pens for the purpose of extorting confession implicating themselves in outrages. Two of the victims now in
the hospital at Pueblo must suffer the
amputation of their arms, blood-
poisoning having set in as a consequence of such treatment.
POVERTY !N VANCOUVER
One  need  not  go  outside   the city
of Vancouver to find poverty and distress.    Even the daily press occasionally deigns  to mention some particularly aggravated case that falls to it's
notice.       In     doing  so,   however,  it
makes mention of it merely as a news
item.     If  perchance  it  refrains  from
casting reflections upon the suffering
ones, it, at  the same time, carefully
avoids   any   reference   to  the   causes
which force poverty and misery upon
an ever increasing number of human
kind.    The   Xews-Advertiser   of July
15   in   an   eleven-line  item,   mentions
that a "sad case of poverty and destitution"   has   been  discovered   in  an
alley   near   Westminster   avenue.    A
Mrs. Downey and children have been
for several days with "very little to
eat."    Five of the children are very
young, and  the  sixth  one  is  "feeble
and sick."    This feeble and sick one
was the family's "only support."    It
may be readily imagined what sort of
a support it would be possible for a
feeble and sick child to provide for a
total of seven persons.   The case has
been    placed  in the "hands of Mrs.
Raymond,    the    Matron  of the City
Gaol,  who    will   be  glad   to  receive
contributions to aid them."    What a
cheerful     prospect    confronting  this
unfortunate mother and children. At
the hands of some kind-hearted person,  some  one not entirely dead  to
all feelings of sympathy for those in
distress,  may come  some  food, perhaps articles of cast-off clothing, but
at the very most, enough  to provide
for their necessities but temporarily.
After that the same old prospect of
want  and  misery.    The    same    old
despairing struggle for existence. The
same old disappointments, despair and
heartache.   The little ones as rapidly
as they reach an age making it possible,    will  be  forced  to go  out    in
search   of   employment   to   assist   in<
providing sustenance for  the  family.
With   all   of   the   brightness   crushed
out  of their  young lives,  they  must
be  sacrificed   to  the    demands   of a
sordidly cruel system of property that
is based upon the grinding of profits
from the flesh and blood of labor.
From what class in human society
arc these "miserables" recruited?
From the ranks of the only useful
class, the working class. The class
which produces all the wealth of the
world. The class which alone makes
civilization possible.
Where one such case comes to light
there are thousands never heard of.
It is safe to say that plenty more exist in Vancouver, They would not be
difficult to find mere search made. It
should not be expected, however, that
such search wolud be made by the
beneficiaries of the system that lives
and thrives upon hitman slavery. It
is the slave class alone which must
deal with this matter. By the exercise of its political power the working class must overthrow the wage
system of slavery which grinds out
such a horrible grist.
WORKINC-PROCRAM  FOLLY
It has been commonly supposed
that John Bull was at least "some
pumpkins," but the delusion has been
rudely shattered. It was recently
discovered in the House of Commons
that the telephone between Padstow
and Hawkers Cove was no longer
workable. Upon inquiry it was ascertained that this line was a very
necessary part of the life-saving service of the coast, being the only
means of rapid communication with
Hawkers Cove .where the only steam
lifeboat on the Cornish coast was
located. The interruption was caused
by a certain landowner, over whose
lands the line crossed, removing the
wires because they interfered with
his "partridge shooting." As John
Bull was thus held up by a single individual and forced to seek some other
route for his telephone wires at an
expense of much delay and a considerable chunk of public funds, it can
easily be seen that J. B. instead of
being "some pumpkins," turns out
to be "small potatoes."
"The social revolution is bound to
come. It will either come in full panoply of law, and surrounded with all
the blessings of peace, provided the
people have the wisdom to take it
by the hand and introduce it betimes;
or it may break in upon us unexpectedly, amidst all the convulsions of
violence, with wild, dishevelled locks,
and shod in iron sandals. Come it
must in one way or the other. When
I withdraw myself from the turmoil
of the day and dive into history 1
hear distinctly its approaching tread."
—La Salle.
Fold a one dollar bill several times
and carefully press it. Unfold it and
count the creases.. Put the creases
in your pants and send the dollar to
this office to pay for one year's subscription to The Western Clarion.
According to statistics recently
compiled,the number of workingmen
in the various industries mentioned
who are idle each day in the year is
as follows: Cigarmakers, 22,0000;
brick and tile workers, .51,000; mill
workers, 1.3,000; boot and shoe workers, 17.000; leather workers, 10,000;
lumber workers, 268,000; workers in
the industries controlled by 183 industrial combinations, 108,000; printers, 17,000.—Typo. Journal.
Judge Baker of Albuquerque, N.M.,
enjoins the machinists on strike at
the A. T. and S. F. shops, not only
against picketing but from talking
with the so-called strike breakers as
well. Another proof that law is
merely power.
"A fool in revolt is infintely wiser
than a philosopher engaged in forging learned apologies for his chains."
—Kossuth.
In the recent Belgian elections the
Socialists lost eight seats in parliament. These were gained by the liberals, who adopted certain planks
from the Socialist platform whic.i
appealed to the less revolutionary element among the workers.
These temporary set-backs will inevitably occur so long as platforms
are attempts to straddle a revolutionary and a reform program at the
same time. The. something now
dreamer is still in evidence, and he is
bound to follow in the direction most
likely to bring it. As between two
political parties making similar promises, he will be bound to choose the
one which in his opinion stands the
better show of winning. Evidently
many Belgian voters followed this
course at the recent election.
Reform, patchwork, .or palliative
demands are as much out of place in
the political platform of a revolutionary proletariat, as would be revolutionary demands in that of the capitalist class. The class interest of
labor demands the overthrow of the
rule of capital, by the abolition of the
wage system. To accomplish this is
purely an act of revolution. To incorporate reform or palliative measures
into the program, is to deny the necessity of revolution, by repudiating it.
Could patchwiork and reform be made
effective in bringing relief to the
workers under capitalism, the necessity of abolishing the wage system
would vanish. The economic pressure
removed, the revolutionary appeal
would fall upon deaf ears.
Political parties are often accused of
stealing parts of the paraphrenalia of
others. Such accusations are, however, improper, because untrue. Whenever anything is lifted from the platform of one party, by another, it is
proof positive it did not belong there,
and |he party lifting it did so because
it recognized it as its own property.
If the Libera! Party seized certain
planks, or demands, from the Belgian
Labor Party, it merely took its own
property out of the hands of those to
whom it did not belong, and who, in
consequence, were making improper
use of it. In so doing the Liberal
Party, unconsciously, perhaps, were
doing the Belgian proletariat valiant
service, by removing from its revolutionary program, the contaminating
presence of reactionary makeshifts,
palliatives and reforms.
A useful lesson may be drawn from
the experience "f our Belgian comrades. As a rule we are not prone to
learn through the mistakes of others.
It were better for us, however, were
this not the rule.
While 5,000 millers and macaroni
workers are on strike at Lorre, An-
nunziata. Italy, the soldiers divide up
their rations with the women and
children of the strikers. The soldier
of the highly-civilized Anglo-Saxon
tribe has not as yet manifested any
inclination toward such tin-soldierlike conduct.
As the result of a large majority
vote, the Socialist Party of Italy re-
fsued to sanction a dual organization
of the party in various centres into
reformers and revolutionists. The
former are now seceding from the
party. This is as it should be.
Reform and Revolution can not mix.
Reform is an unthinkable proposition
to a class conscious proletariat.
They say, "Work hard and you'll get
rich;
But that evidently is not so,
For we  notice  the ones  who do no
work,
Get away with most of the "dough."
It is recorded that a Mr. Noah at
one time held a transportation monopoly several thousand years ago,
which again goes to show us that
monopoly is no new thing.
Roosevelt, the republican, and
Parker, the democrat, are to play the
Two Dromios of Capitalism on the
American stage this season. Needless
to say, the production of Shakespeare
will be tame in comparison.
One of England's chief exports is
the "remittance man."
Best of Everything
IN  HOI-WEATHER   FURNISHINGS
Negligee Shirts, 50c to $ 1.50.
Underwear, every kind, 25c to $1.50.
Attractive Hosiery, 10c up.
Belts, all sorts *f leather, 500 to |i.oo.
New Neckwear, just in, 25c to 75c.
You are Expected if You Want the Best
A purchase is not necessary when you
come here. This is a store where all are
free to come when they please, examine,
question and admire, and go when they
please.
KILROY,  MORGAN  CO., LTD.
Successors to the Palace Clothing House
110 Cordova Street
SUBSCRIBERS    PLEASE    TAKE
NOTICE.
From this date the subscription
price will be as follows, postage paid;
One year  $1 00
Six months          5°
Three months       25
Subscription cards will be sold in
lots of five or more at the rate of 75
cents each. When returned to this
office these cards will be good for
one year's subscription to the Western Clarion, postpaid to any address
in Canada, the United States, England
or the British colonies, except the
city of Vancouver.
Address all communications to
The Western Clarion, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
PLEASE   TAKE   NOTICE.
When sending in sitbs. state whether such are new ones or renewals.
In case of renewals the change of
number on address slip will acknowledge the renewal. Watch for itjrand
if it does not occur, notify us.
' j
* The Clarion needs the support
of every workingman in British Columbia. $1 per year. Five yearly
subscription cards, $3.?5-
Clarion subscribers already on the
list will be filled at the old rate. But
watch the label number on your
paper. When it tallies with the
paper number on first page, renew
promptly.
Drop a silver dollar on the table
and you will notice a ring. Keep the
rinj; or give it to your girl, but send
the dollar to us to apply on your
st;l   to The Western Clarion.
When Johnny was asked by his
Sunday school teacher "why Adam
and Eve were turned out of the garden
of Eden,' he promptly replied: "Because they couldn't pay their rent."
This goe* to show that Johnny was
an observant youth.
Justice being blind is forced to
depend largely upon the sense of
"touch."
THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA
Permanent Loan and Savings Company
DIVIDEND NO. 12.
Notice is hereby given that a dividend at the rate of EIGHT per cent,
per annum has this day ben declared
on the Permanent Stock of the Company for the half year ending June
30th, 1004, and that the same will be
payable at the Head Office of the
Company, No. 321 Cambie Street,
Vancouver, B. C, on and after July
15th,  1904.
By order of the Board,
Thos. T. Langlois,
President.
Vancouver, July 8th, 1004.
J. Edward Bird. a. C. Brydonjack.
Geo. E. McCrowun.
BIRO, BRYO0NJA6K • McCROSSAN
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Railway Block.   Tel. 829.   P. O. Box 932.
436 Nesting* Stmt     •    ViicMvtr, 6. C.
Electro Magnetic Institute JtfoVkVlg
and Vlteopathic Treatment.   Brluftmeml Bile.,
Cordova Street,    'Phone 1036.
For a Union Express
Call on Heywood Bros.
Telephone   1-3-5-4
THIS
NICKLE-
PLATED
VEST
POCKET
STAMP
Is (or sale at this office at 50c eacb, postpaid.
Address:   Western Clarion, Vancouver. B. C.
Vancouver  Co-operative  Association
532 Westminster Avenue
POSITIVELY The BEST BREAD IN The CITY
Telephone 1734 W. J. Andrews, secretary
A Union Shop and Endorsed by Every Union in Vancouver
W. W. MONTELIUS & SOI
Wholesale and Retail
Piano Dealers
WILL HAVE SOMETHING TO SAY OF
INTEREST TO EVERY WORKER'S
HOME, IN THE NEXT ISSUE.
DON'T   FORGET   THE
PLACE.
4*0   Hastings   Street
VANCOUVER, B. C.
h You Want the lest of Everjrthing I
We Sell the Very Best in the Way of Light at Prices that Cannot be Beaten.
The Nernst Electric Lamp
Is the latest andfgreatest boon offered to the public, both for cheapness and
brilliancy.RCall and see us about rates, etc.
6. C. Electric Railway Co., 6wMrv.2.7v".r1VSl,"BI
Mount Pleasants
Popular Grocery Store
Place your orders (or Fruit
at once.
H.  O*  LEE
2225 Westminster Ave.
Telephone 322.        Prompt Delivery.
Merchants
who desire to promote the   publicity of their
business should use the advertising columns of
The Western Clarion
THE ONLY LABOR PAPER IN THE PROVINCE
Reaches Over 2,000 Wage-earners Weekly
Workingmen
You should subscribe for and read The Clarion.
Its columns are open to you; it voices your
interests alone ; it fears nothing but the sheriff,
and can only look to you for support	
SUBSCRIPTION, $1.00 A  YEAR
FIVE YEARLY SUB. CARDS FOR $3.75
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