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The Western Clarion Apr 15, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B, C, Saturday, April 15, 1905.
subscription Prion at I All
rca Ysab 91.(J U
was a lively time at the Pro-
II House last  week  when  Haw-1
thwnite's    amendment    to    the
Mines   Regulation  Act   was  up"
,,l  reading.   As is always the |
|u believer  its sacred profits are
inannei; threatened, capitalist
S-ty   had  the  lobbies   well  filled
Tjis   emissaries  for   the  purpose
list ing  in defeating the amend-
1 he   llunsiuuir-Stockett   out-
■  especially  in  evidence,    and
uere    plentifully     circulated
init    mines    would   have  to    bo
in case this wkked onslaught
Ihe    profits    of    the    poverty-
III owners  was  successfully cur-
Tirough  the house.    However, in
I of   ull   the   ellorts   lo   the   collide    amendment    wus   forced
[th.    Among the most noliceubln
of   the   Liberals   to   defeat    it
in amendment offered  by  Hull,
1 he members for Victoria, un
<lil the following us a new still ion  11  ot  the  'Coal   Mines  Re-
Ac!   Amendment Art, ltlOU,'
H>.v   repealed and the following
sliluted   therefor:—
I'Hnnk,'   for    the    purposes    of
let,   shnll  mean  the surface en-
tn 11  mine, except in the case
\ •■■ 1 it ul    shuft,   when   it   shall
■tin'  foot of the shaft."
fill lie readily seen thnt to subfile  foot  of the shaft for the
e   to  a   mine,    would,    where
I nre operated by shnfts,  nulli-
iiiiiendnient    introduced     by
niithwiiite,    ns      the    miners'
ours  would  begin  and end  at
jot   of  the shaft,   and  whatever
(might   occur  in    lowering     or
1;   would  be added  on  to    the
of  the day.
sneaking trick failed of sue-
lowevor, as Hull's amendment
r-gn lived   on   the   following  di-
Hawlhornthwaite's Amendment a Thorn in the Flesh for Coal Barons Williams' Amendment Dead	
Bill Passes and House Prorogues.
period than eight hours from bunk
to bunk in every twenty '. ur hours
shull be liable to u penalty not. exceeding one hundred dollars nor less
than  twenty-five:
"Provided always, thnt these pen-
allies shall not apply where any
miner, mine laborer, or underground
worker has been employed or iletnin-
ed underground for a longer period
than eight hours from bunk to bunk
in uny twenty-four hours owing to
the occurrence of un accident, or in
endeavoring to save or protect human life.
"2.'te. 'Twenty-four hours,' for the
purpose of this Art, shnll mean from
midnight to midnight."
Messieurs Mcinnes, Drury,
,   Kvuns, Tanner.   Munro,   I'a-
Wclls, Hall, Cameron, 'Pat •
itio.      miivoii.  Garden,  Grant
—Messieurs King,  Brown, Mel
lUnviiKon.  Oliver,  .1.   A.  Mae*
Henderson,    MeHride,     llaw-
kvaite,   Williams,   Wilson.  Fru-
Jwser.   Ross,    Green.    Knit on,
Wright.   Young,   GilTord—30,
Sil!  ns first  Introduced   and as
|rds   amended,   by   Hawthorn-
is ns follows:
s  First  introduced.
Mr.   Ilnwthortithwnite.
to     Amend   the   Coul   Mines
llegiilntion   Act.
ilaiesty,   b.v nnd  with  the mill   consent  of the Legislative
ly  of   the   Province'hf   British
ia,  enacts as follows:—
is   Act   may   lie  cited   as  the
Mines   Regulation   Act  Amend-
Ail.   190S."
' t'oal  Mines llegiilntion Act,
linpt..r     IMS   of   the   Revised
s.   IH5I7,   Is  hereby    amended
ling thereto the following Beg-
Any owner,  agent   or mining
[anyone acting in their   leh.ilf.
bi|ilo.\s or detains 'indergrouud
coal   mine any  person  , t    n
j period  than eight   l»< in ry t om
bunk   in   every   hm nt\ lour
[shnll   be   liable   10   a       I'.iity
exceeding  one    liuiulred  •,• nars
as than  twentv-ive .1. , iii's fo;-
l-rson so omplnv-'il At de'niiieil.
Any  miner,  mine  laborer or
round   laborer   who   works  unpaid   In  nny  mine for a longer
As Amended.
Mr,   1 In wt hornthwnite.
No.   10.) (1905..
An  Act  to  Amend    the    Coal    Mines
Regulation Act.
Whereas by the "Goal Mines Regulation Act. Amendment Act, 1908,"
chapter M8 of the Acts of ihe Legislature of British Columbia, passed in
the session of 1903-4, provision was
made limiting the employment of
persons undi rground to eight hours
in every  twenty-four  hours:
And whereas douhts have been expressed as to the application of I'urt
III. of the Revised Statutes Of British Columbia, chapter Clr-i, being the
"Conl Mines Regulation Act," to
amendments of the sni«l Act:
And whereas it is expedient to settle such doubts:
Therefore, His Majesty, by anil
with the ftdVlec and consent of the
Legislative Assembly of the I'rovinre
of British Columbia, enacts ns follows:—
1. This Act mny be cited ns the
"Coal Mines Regulation Act Amendment  Act, »1905."
2. The Coal Mines Regulation Act,
being chapter 188 of the Revised
Statute-. lH'.lV. is hereby amended
by adding thereto the following sections'—
"38c. Part III., entitled 'Supplemental—Penal Ho*,1 of the Revised
statutes of British Columbia, chapter 188, being the 'Conl Mines Ite-
gulntiori Act.', shnll apply to the
'Conl Mines Regulation Act. Amendment Act, 1908,' being chapter IH
Of the Statutes of 1908-4, and to all
persons who act in contravention ni
:iny of the provisions of the said Act,
in ns full force nnd effect ns if the
sit id amendments had formed pert of
Ihn hereinbefore recited original Act:
Provided always, thnt these penalties shnll not apply where nny miner,
mine laborer or underground workei
has been employed Or detained underground for a longer period than eight
hours from bank to bank in nny
twenty-four hours, in contravention
of section S8b., owing to the occurrence of nn accident to the mine, or
in endeavoring lo save or protect
human life."
"li.'bl. 'Twenty-four hours,' for the
purpose of this Act. shnll mean from
midnight   to midnight."
After n  bitter  fight,  on  the floor of
the House the Bill  was read a third
tint • mill passed
The following telegram speaks for
i I self-
Victoiia,  B.  a,  April 8,  19015,
Kditor ciiirion, Vancouver:
House prorogued, Obliged to ac-
i|uiesee to save what Bills enacted.
Strong capitalistic combination foirn-
ed to defeat government during ensuing week and destroy our labor
legislation.    Kxplain   fully   by  letter.
.1. II   iluwthornihwaiite.
A measure ullecling a considerable
body of wage workers in this province was the Act to Amend the Coal
Mines Regulation Act, introduced liy
Comrade Hawthornthwaite, which
has now reached the third-reading
stage. This Hill aims to make more
effective the operation of the original
Act in regard to hours of labor and
As a rule, nny measure that is introduced has its lute decided during
tlie second reading, in, which the
principle of the Bill is discussed, if
it passes that stage, it goes into
committee, in which it is discussed
clause by clause, amended and modified us the House may decide. Then
il is generally the rule to pass it
on to the third reading without discussion, beyond, perhaps a belated
amendment or so. But this rule does
not apply to the Bills introduced by
the Socialists in favor ol the wugu-
" This discontented and mutinous
rascal has been listening to those
Socialists, and (the horror of it!),
has actually presumed to think for
himself, and has come to the conclusion that his conditions may be
bettered by political action in the
interests of his class, i. e., the working class, nlone. He hns succeeded
in placing in the House two Socialists to represent h's interests—two
terrible men—who cannot be bought,
cajoled, threatened or scared olT the
Hack laid down for them to travel.
What, then, is to be done with the
fellows? There are only two of
them. Let us fight them every inch
of the way: mutilate their Hills ns
much as possible, so as to Vender
them ns innocuous ns possible to
property interests." There are nearly 40 capitalist representatives ranged up against 2 Socialists. Every
capitalist who dares to ran take a
hand in the fight. 40 can put up a
stiff fight against 2. In this way
way we can wear them out, dishearten and discourage them from bring-.
invi'vin any more measures to benefit|
the vorkers, for ail these benefits
make n hole in our profits."
This is the course of action that
has been consistently maintained
this session. True, some of the
members voted for the measures Introduced by these men. but it must
have been from a wholesome fear of
their constituents or a determination
to cling to office as long as possible,
and these Socialists must be kept in
good humor to serve these ends.
Comrade Hawthornthwaite moved
that the Bill be rend n third time,
had only certain days to get their
and nobody objected, until Mr. Hall,
a  Liberal member for Victoria, jump
ed into the breach just as it seemed
us if it would puss, and gave fresh
life and vigor lo the opposition to
the Bill. He produced an amendment
providing that " 'bank' for the purposes of this act shall mean the surface entrance to a mine, except in
the case of a vertical shaft, when it.
shnll mean the foot of the shaft."
Considerable time is occupied in conveying shifts of men up and down
the shnfts, and why should the men
get paid for this time. It was
neither just nor reasonable that they
should be paid for it. Considering
the competition the industry had to
endure he thought it very* unwise to
impose nny restrictions as to labor
which would have the result of closing down the mines."
This old bogey of closing down the
mines is played out. It was the
weapon used to defeat the Bill providing eight hours for" smelters.
Look up the earnings of the principal smelters recently published and
see how much   truth  there is ih it.
Mcinnes, Albcrni, then took up the
running. "The Hill introduced last
session was passed on the understanding that it would not interfere
with the operation of colleries on
Vancouver Island. They now found
that it would interfere very seriously with the operation of thu mines
at ' Luil.ysinith and .Nanaimo. It
would cut fifty minutes from the
working time of the miners, thus reducing his earning power. It would
also affect the Fernie mines. He was
of the same opinion as Mr. Hall that
it would handicap thu mines of 11.
C. in their competition with the Am-
erirun mines. The conditions of labor in the conl mines of Vancouver
Island were excellent, and miners
who came from other parts of the
world said so. Why disturb peaceful
conditions and make trouble f»r operators and men'.'
Parker Williams replied to Mr.
Hall. He said that the hon. member
could know hut very little about coal
mines. Three out of four mines in
Washington are working eight hours
nt the present time. Moreover the
Nanaimo colleries hnd been working
eight hours for the past fifteen years.
The Bill before the House was for
the purpose of making the previous
Act more effective.
Comrade Williams' amendment to
the Election Act, reducing the deposit from $200 to $50 came up for
second reuding. Carter Cotton,
Richmond, said he did not think thutt
$200 was bearing hardly on tho
workingmen. The presence of tho
two Socialists was proof of this. Ho
was not opposed to workingmen being in the House. Indeed, he thought
every section of the community
should be represented there. If the
principle of the deposit wus wrong
it should be abolished. If the principle wus right tharc was no need
for nny reduction.
The debate wus adjourned by Bowser, Vancouver, which drew a protest from Mr. Hawthornthwaite, on
the ground thut private members
measures considered, and he did not.
think it fair that these opportunities
should be reduced.
The next matter of importance wad
thu Workmens' Compensation Act,
introduced by thu leader of the opposition, Mr. Mucdonuld. (This has
pussed the second reading and is now
in committee. Comrade Hawthorn-
thwuite introduced an amendment to
allow claims for compensation \fl
i uses where men were killed or injured on buildings of less than forty
feet in height, the act as introduced
debarring claims unless the buildings
were over that height, which he considered un absurdity. The amendment passed. His next amendment
was to increase the amount of compensation to be obtained under the
Act from $1,500 to $2,000.
Mr. Maedonald thought this was
going too far. The Act is practical
ly an insurance for workmen, and it
was desirous to avoid doing anything to discourage the investment
of cupital. (Same old story; nothing
Mr. Patterson, the Islands, said
the principle of the act was wrong.
It was not fair that employers
should be liable for the carelessness
of their men, or for anything beyond
their control, if the measure passed
it would have a serious effect on
many industries which had to fight
to keep their heads above water.
The hon. member for Nanaimo- had
suid lhat the policy of the Socialist
Party was to wreck" the industries
of tho province. Members should remember this and guide themselves
Mr. Hawthornthwaite—That is un-
vrue.   It is deliberately untrue.
Mr. Patterson—The principal industry in the province was the mining
industry. It was already subject to
vexatious legislation and had already
as much interference in methods of
work as it could stand. The knowledge that they had a risk of a $2,-
(100 fine at any moment was enough
to discourage them. It would discourage capital from coming to or
investing in the country. The honest workingmen of this province did
not desire this legislation. These
two men (the Socialists) pretend to
represent the workingmen. I have
lived and worked with them all my
life and more in ten minutes about
their conditions than these men could
learn in n lifetime. Honest workingmen were not in favor of the Bill
before  the  House.
Parker Williams said that if it was
right to speak of the risk the capitalist had to run with this $12,000
fine hanging over his head, it was
equally so with respect to the risk
the worker run of being killed by
some accident, and leaving his dependents  helpless.
Davidson, Slocun, supported the
amendment. The member for the
Islands was making a great point
about the 02,000 risk the capitalist
was running. He would draw tho
attention of the hon. member for the
Islands to the fact that this compensation was only to the dependents of those who were killed. If the
capitalists were going to lose so
much by this legislation, it only
showed the need there was for such
a penalty'.
Comrade Hawthornthwaite in replying to Mi. Patterson, said that
however much. he might deserve any
censure the hon. member might pass
upon him, he (Mr. Hawthornthwaite), would give the hon. member credit for possessing what very
few members iu that House possessed, viz., the courage of their convictions. He said what he thought.
The Bill before the House was not a
Socialist, measure. It was introduced by Liberals, who had been asked
to do so by the trade unions. If the
bill did drive the small capitalist
out of business it was only in line
with the economic revolution that
is going on all around us. It could
not be called a radical measure.
Even Russia, which is ages behind
la capitalistic development had provided for the compensation of injured workmen, and relief to the dependents of those who were killed.
Mr. Maedonald, -Rossland, said
there were three courses open to the
workingman or his dependents suffering through accident: at common law
they might claim' for an unlimited
amount; under the Workmen's Compensation Act up to the amount of
their wages for three years; and by
tbe present Rill up to $1,500. He
did not think the amount should be
The amendment was carried by a
mixed vote.
Comrade Hawthornthwaite introduced another amendment raising the
compensation for injuries not fatal
from $15,00A to $2,000. It was a
hard thing to say, but the dependents of a man who was seriously injured or crippled were practically in
a worse position than if he had lieen
killed outright. He became dependent on those who had been depending on him. This amendment was
lost, many members who voted for
the previous one not being in their
Having plenty of time on my hands
in these prosperous days, 1 r.m a
pretty regular occupant of the galleries and 1 often wish that on a day
like this workingmen would fill those
galleries. A press report, however
explicit, can give but a faint idea of
the hostility of the capitalist parties
to any measure that gives any benefits to the wage slaves that seems
likely to reduce the amount of profits to be wrung out ot their hides.
A man wants to be there to realize (
the struggle our two comrades have
on their hands. It is a great fight
they put up, but It is' apparent that
it is too unequal a fight for two men
to wage.. They want help and want
it badly. Not otuy have Uiey to be
on the qui vive as to what is going
on on the floor, of the House, but
they have correspondence to attend
to from all over the province, act
on committees, receive deputations,
listen to individual complaints of injustice, speak at propaganda meetings, attend to their own constituencies, frame new Bills for the benefit of the workers, and, hardest of
al), stand attacks from inside the
party ranks. All this on two men's
shoulders. They are good men—as
good as we shall ever get, but it is
too much to expect two men to do.
It, is up to you, comrades, to get a
hustle on, and do your level best to
at least double the number of Socialists in the House, especially in view
of the fact that in consequence of
the reduction of the number of miners at Ladysmith, many Socialist
voters working in the mines have had
to look elsewhere, and Comrade Parker Williams may lose his seat.
Take off your coat, comrade, and
wade right in: our fight has just lie-
Yours for the Revolution,
J. H. Burrough.
Victoria, April 5, 1908.
Stimulates Wastry and Trade and Thai Swells Capitalist Profit
Ing the passengers who left fori
lient   by  the Empress of Japan l
lay   wus  Mr.   T.   Iluyiislii,    of!
Japan, who is on his way to
|)ital  of Japan.
uiversation with a   represeiitn-
the  News-Advertiser yesterday
kg Mr.   Ilayushi spoke very in-
pgly   on   tho   way.     "The   Ju-
ure  quite  satisfied,"  ho sold,
|the manner in which the cam-
Is   being    carried   on   and   the
of the army is very gratify*
frhen,   too,   It  hns   been   good
Jiiness.    Since the war started,
(ports  of  the country have in-
by 25  per cent.,  while trade
interior has grown remnrkab-
Ihe government, makes  a  point
Izing goods of home manufne-
^s far ns possible, so that with
on   tho   field,   nnd   creating
bs  for     those who  remain   at
[the war may be said to be a
The   demands  of   tho war
lso created quite a few indus-
hat would not have come Into
re but for It."
ft I In light is thrown upon the
co of tho modern business
by the above which wo clip
he News-Advertiser of this cltv
date of April 11.
Tiorriblo slaughter going on in
jirla is to he commended, bo-
is good for business. If It
st It would no doubt be con-
as immoral. More than
men slaughtered at Mukden
requiem sung over their man-
prpses  Is,   "It's good  for bus
iness."     Vast     stretches   of    -niuilry
Inid waste by II ontending urmies.
millions of dollurs' worth of property destroyed, and widows and orphans made b.v the thousands and
si ill It's "good for business." Business Is the thing of prime Importance
and the earth If need be must, be
drenched wilh human blood, and everything thut appeals to men's hotter nature ruthlessly trampled under
foot   to conserve its  interests.
Yes, indeed, this wur, this holocaust of horror, is "good for business." It is a part, of business, In
fact it is business in its last analysis and most complete expression.
Business cannot be carried on without war. It Is a war of conscienceless brigands, engaged in the pleasing occupation of dividing nnd disposing of the loot they have plundered from nn outraged working
clnss. This disposition of the lool
is of necessity carried rth upon the
same moral nnd ethical linos followed by hungry jackals who have discovered a dead carcass upon which
to feast.
Tho poverty and misery of their
existence as oxplujted victims of the
business world, the humiliations
heaped upon them because of their
slavish position In human society,
nnd tho horrors they encounter upon
the field of battle, is but n part of
tho price the workers pay for the
rule of the business world. That
which is good for business is death
for labor, no mnttor whether tho
workers be ground to death by inches  on  tho field  of  Industry,  or sent
Looms Up on Freedom'   Soil;
The centre of warlike activity has
boon transferred from the far enst to
Donnelly's Hotel, in tho city of Ta-
coiiia. where fifteen non-union stevedores nre besieged by an overwhelming   force   of   striking   longshore n.
Tho non-unionists were brought from
Seattle to assist ill breaking the
strike, but were successfully bottled
up b,V tho strikers under the skillful
generalship of their military chieftains. The class struggle will be
fiercely waged around Donnelly's nnd
n repitition of the horrors of I'ort
Arthur may lie confidently expected.
One of the most sensible boycotts
ever organized is that of the Polish
workmen and revolutionists against
vodka nnd tobacco, for the purpose
of saving the money of the poor and
redlining the revenue of the slate.
At midnight on April 8, two (Jos-
sacks uttneked four pedestrians on
Ihe streets of Lodz, Poland, killing
two und wounding the others. Tho
sale of revolvers has been prohibited
and the gun dealers ordered to turn
their stock over to the police. Presumably this will make it Impossible for the Cossacks to get hold of
them for tho purpose of killing pedestrians.
By Pig-Tailed Sons of Toil.
Inlo  eternity   by  a   "whiff  of  grape
shol"  on the field of war.
No more cold and sordid expression
of business could be desired thnn
that of Mr. Iluyashi. The gentleman
Is to be congratulated ns an exponent of tho fact Hint his race In becoming ns callous, sordid, conscienceless, unscrupulous and civilized as
our own.
ITpon April 11, n force of Mongolians, 88 in number, valiantly led by-
Chief     Constable     Bullock-Wdtffltor,
made a determined nnd successful
assault upon Ihe mill of the Koote-
nny Shingle Company ut Sulmo, B.
0, The mill was captured without
loss by the attacking party. The
brave defenders of the works were
routed with ten ible loss. They lost
their jobs. While thoy nre chasing
around in search of others they
might ponder over some of the reu-
sons for their defeat. The Mongolians get out shingle holts for about
$1 per cord less thnn they were getting, nnd as strange ns It may ap-
pear, the Kootenuy Shingle Company favored them, so out go the
white workers to wend their way in
search of "fresh fields and pastures
new." As they counl the ties from
one town to the next, let thorn learn
to appreciate the grandeur of the
Empire, und tho superfine quality of
"British justice." They might when
weary regale themselves with refreshing remembrance of that eagerness
with Which they took in the "hot
air" of (lullilior and Macintosh during the campaign last fall, ami how
under Its soporific influence they lapsed into the necessary comatose condition to admit of the election of
one or the other of them. As it happened, Oalliher's hot air won out.
These ousted workingmen should wire
that worthy for assistance. Ho
would no doubt give it in return for
their support at   the polls last fall.
' o	
The San Francisco Building Trades
Council hns boon made a party to a
suit for $100,000 damages for alleged  boycot ting.—Exchange,
AiminliUn teserllc tt bestead mam Vhfcfc Mtkst Tkaa Feat 1st*
<u The render will remember that the
Wur Kaglo-Centro Star mined ol
Kossluud obtained judgment njr over
$110,000 against the Western Foieru-
tion of Miners for damages suit, red
during the Rossland strike. Thia
judgment was being pressed against
the Federation, the local union and
several of the men, by Manager Kir-
by. A change of managers has recent Iv  taken  place,  Kirby being suc-
c led   by   Mr.   James   Cronin.     The
new manager has settled the matter
with the Federation by the latter
paying SI,mm in full liquidation of
the judgment. The papers statu that
"the settlement has resulted in restoration of good feeling in Rossland
gem-rally, and at the mines in particular."
This is a display of wisdom in management thnt is well worthy of notice. The obtaining of judgment
against them will show to the men
that they cannot safely monkey with
the buzz saw of capitalist property
by means of their ridiculous old
sirike and boycott methods. The
moral effect of this judgment is
worth far more than $80,000 to the
company. The men will be more
tame and submissive, and less prone
to give nnno,\nnro by undue inter-
ferunce with the legitimate rights of
capital. By knocking off $29,000
from the judgment the new manager
will Ingratiate himself into the confidence of the men. Ho will thus
become one of those good bosses for
whom the slave always has an overwhelming ndinlration. tinder the be-
niiiceiit influence of such fair and
conslderato  treatment  many  a  turn
can be given the screw of exploitation without making the victims
wince. B.v some psycologlcal process
which would need an adept in mental
science to explain, these turns of the
screw which under other circumstances would produce pain, Will now
be productive of actual pleasure instead.
Hood judgment.
Wise management.
$2»,000 well  invested.
A Vienna dispatch says that it Is
reported there that among the 96
Socialists executed in the citadel lu
Warsaw on Thursday, 86 were Jews.
Tho report says that the executioners blackened the faces of the Jews
before execution, so as to give them
the appearance of being unrecognizable, and taken for workingmen. The
report has caused wild excitement
among the Socialists and working
classes, as has t he report that prisoners in Pawirk prison are being tortured by their keepers in a most
cruel manner. Tho Socialist, Outz-
man, who shot a captain ami three
policemen who were seizing a print
ibg press, is reported to' have died
at the prison from Ill-treatment,
o— .
Another of those interesting flip-
flops for which American politics are
noted haa occurred In the recent
Chicago municipal election. The
Democrats carried the cltv by 22,000
majority. At the presidential election last November the Republicans
carried it by 60,000.
\ I
!, M < t* ,♦»« ,l;.*/*;-1
ja»«t»--a-    j>jj ******•*»*a <.-     art    p   *   .* *f >• -       »v  f   - < ,t« «  ^.-f^.-*--, j-r      .*w.      r-«
■■*"'   " " .   '        ' ' '■• I*«'$fiUfV'*.V"Jw
April is i(
The Western Clari
Published every Saturday in the
Interests of the Working Class alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B. C.
oppression," eould perform the he^
ressary "patriotic service" equally
j well, provided he were equally unscrupulous. And the magazine dubs
Roosevelt a "statesman." It, like
the   reader   is    entitled    to    another
Yearly   subscription   cards  In   lots
five or more,  75 cents each.
Advertising   rates  on   application.
If   you   receive   this   paper   it, is   paid
Address all  communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch the label oil your paper
If this uuniber is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
VANCOUVER, U. C...April 15, XUOo
"President Roo'svult has been inaugurated. His own full term has
commenced. No statesman has ever
had a greater opportunity for the
performance of genuine, patriotic service to thu people of his country, or
could lie more sincerely desirous of
taking full advantage of that opportunity than Theodore Roosvclt. Appreciating as he does thu extent to
which he possesses the co-operation
of the people as well as the many
injustices to which they are subjected
b.v grossly selfish and commercial
institutions orgnhized for plunder
and oppression, he has already entered upon the work of emancipating
them from their tyrannical imposition. He has thrown gross partisan-
ism to the winds and stands as an
executive uhsubsidized and free from
questionable control of any kind.
Actuated by lofty motives and sympathetic concern for the welfare of
the people, he has taken determined
steps to utilize the power and influence of the presidency 'or the ad-1
vancement of their best interests. !
Other presidents have hesitated and
faltered. No political consideration
can stay his hand nor fear retard
his activity in tho performance of
what he regards as duty.
"The shan occupying the presidency
' today is worthy of his high position.
For tho coming four years he proposes to be Pstsident In fact, but the
one thing to bo regretted is that by
his own pledge those four years shall
terminate his incumbency of that position. Has tho future in store for
the pooplo of tho North American
Republic a man thet will constitute
a worthy successor ito Roosevelt? Loti
us hope so."
Wore tho reader to !:a/.ard a guess
as to where, tho nbove specimen of
fulsome rot originated, it would probably be that It ramo from either
the sanctum of some soft soap advertising sheet of capital or thu lips
of some one of its servile lickspittles
who^expected substantial returns for
his slobber. Ito who would venture
such a guess is entitled to guess
again. It is copied from a journal
of labor, 'and no less none than the
Locomotive   Eire-men's  Magazine.
Yes, Roosevelt has been inaugurated., and the fact was proclaimed by
the rumble of cannon wheels ami thu
sheen of bayonets. Ills opportunity
to perform "patriotic service" is
limited to such as may bo required
by that choice bunch of labor ftee •}
ers known iut tho American capitalists, who wax fat, sleek and powerful at the expense uf their suhsurvi-
ent.nud doc-ilp WOJJO, slaved. , ,. , ,
1 Roosevelt lis Uie tool 'of jlfWinai <
-capital, htid could not if ha would
go contrary to its decree. It Is true
that upon occasion he> struts the
stage and makes a bluff by threatening to do things to "coal barons'!
or "beef'dings," but it is only a
blull' intended to delude silly suckers
into the belief that hojs a David at
any moment liable to slay Goliath.
His duty is to defend thu interests
of that economic class in society
whose Instrument he is. So long as
he can do this by dealing out. blull
and bombast, that will suffice. When
tho wage slaves of capital, however,
become .recalcitrant and dare too
loudly to protest against the irori
rule of thoir masters, this tool ol
capital will with equal readiness
deal out tp them /the insinuating
bayonet thrust and tho convincing
contents of tho riot cartridge.
The Fireman's Magazine need borrow no trouble us to whether a worthy successor to this man could be
found. As long as the workors, firemen or others, can bo deluded by
their own journals inlo believing that
thu politicians of capitalism have any
other usu for them than as voting
cattle upon whoso hacks to ride into
office, there will be found a plentiful
Supply of the Roosvoltlan type, both
anxious and willing to perform "patriotic seYVlce" for tiic ruling, class*
by wielding the executive power of
the nation in any manner required
by that class. Any ninn who like
Roosvelt Is'a product and( a, part pf
"grossly selfish and commorciul institutions organized for plunder und
Through kindness of a Orand Forks
comrade we arc in receipt of a copy
of the (Jrand Porks News-Gazette,
containing ft fairly good report of
an address given at that place on
March 20 by Comrade C. M. O'Brien.
Editorially a column of space is
devoted to criticism, not of the argument offered by O'Brien, but rather
of his manner of presenting it. Just
how fully the comrade went into the
subject we do not know, but, Inasmuch as the News-Gazette points out
no flaw in his reasoning we feel justified in assuming that whatever
ground he did cover he covered to
that paper's satisfaction from the
standpoint of reason and argument.
The tender solicitude for the Socialist movement which abideth in the
tentorial sanctum of the Nows-(!uz-
ette finds expression in the following
"We submit, however, that if Socialism is to receive any serious accession to its ranks, and receive also the respect which all great causes
must receive before they make head
wa\ with tho mass of the people, it
must be expounded in a somewhat
different way to that usually practiced. On the whole, the speaker on
Tuesday night was moderate, and in
many respects fair in his statements,
but much «a,s left lo be desired. Socialism as the organized protest
against much that is rotten in modern economics commands sympathy,
and in .so fnr as it aims to reconstruct society on higher lines it
should certainly command both sympathy and sdpport. Rut does it not
ajl the more then demand the broadest sympathies, a clear grasp of modern economic problems, and a candid and temperate presentation of
the. subject, if its exponents are to
make converts."
It is consoling to know that Comrade O'Brien was on tho whole "moderate," and no', altogether unfair.
By reason of this ho undoubtedly did
less damage than he otherwise might
have done. To know how to deal
with tho modern economic problems
necessitates a thorough understanding of them, but just what connection such nn understanding has with
sympathies either broad or narrow
is a mystery. A "temperate presentation" of any subject is to be commended. It is to be hoped that
Comrade O'Brien did not refer to
anything as "rotten," as such reference might be considered intemperate and frighten people away, even
though it were true. It is far better to have things "expounded in a
somewhat different way to that usually practiced." That O'Brien did
stray from the path of "temperate
presentation" is shown in these
"We greatly doubt if the constant
hurling of terms like, "wage-slaves"
and "guys" at the heads of an audience is convincing, and we are positive that the audience itself is not
highly  flattered."
As'the continuation of the capitalist system depends upon the working
people remaining unconscious of the
fact that they are "wage slaves" and
easy marks or "guys," it may readily
be understood what a serious breach
Of' ethics it. is, from a capitalist
standpoint for u speaker to point
these things out to them. For a
spanker to Hotter his audience is
quite the fashion among the exponents of the present order of human
spufg.ly. 'v!* -capitalist society is
hfieVjd upon a" wholesale swindle proc-
'tlsod upon the workers, bombast,
flattery arid long-winded phrases of
necessity hie found among the stock
in 1 trade of its exponents, used for
the -purpose of covering up the swindle He who hns a truth to present
need  not  resort   to such  means.
During the debate over the Eight-
hour Bill for coul minors in the Provincial House last week Hawthornthwaite referred to some of the "coal
bnrons" ns "thin-lipped lnbor skinners/' This threw the Daily World
of this city into a veritable night-
sweat for fear that such language
would not fond towards garbing the
Socialist movement in that vestment
pf respectability which it must put
on if it is to attain success. Such
tender solicitude from the spokesmen
of our friends the enemy is indeed
touching, Having raked the gutters
of their imagination for misrepresentations, slanders nnd falsehood to
heap upon the movement, and ox.
luiusted their vocabulary of epithetB
to imply to its advocates, the sollci-
t udinotis ones should be eminently
qualified to write a book on "How
to Behave." Such a work would
prove an invaluable aid to the Socialist propagandist in furthering the
movement which the solicltudinous
ones have so much, at heart,
 o .
Wn have seen above that the first
step in the revolution by the working class is to rnlso tho proletariat
to, tho position of ruling class, to
win the battle of democracy.—Communist Manifesto.
At tho municipal election in tho
city of Chicago last week tho Socialist Party candidate for Mayor received 20,000 votes, which is 26,000
less than the number cast for E. V.
Oebs last November. This slump
might at first glance appear startling, but curcful inquiry into the circumstances of which it is a result
will lead to the conclusion that it
was inevitable, and that still further slumps will occur so long as
the party remains under tho control
of the "intellectuals" and "opportunists" who now dominate it. Its
national, state and municipal platforms are but meaningless jumbles of
empty phrases and ridiculous platitudes that proclaim nothing but their
"opportunist"  parentage,
Tho proletariat and its aspirations
are about as completely ignored as
though they did not exist. The aimless wanderings of opportunism can
but lend to still greater depths of
confusion, and nothing like a stable
expression nt tho polls need be expected. Tho moment a political
movement professing to be revolutionary departs from its revolutionary principles by attaching to its
program immediate demands in the
shape of reform nnd palliative patchwork of the existing order, it denies
its revolutionary pretense and becomes an easy prey of the reactionary parties. In Chicago the Republican and Democratic parties by taking up the cry for municipal ownership stole the Socialist party thunder and p'ricked the bubble of its
hopes by something more than 26,-
000 votes. It is but reasonable to
assume that, the Chicago opportunists expected an increase over the
Debs vote of last fall.
Until the working class expresses
itself politically solely upon the line
of its revolutionary aspirations and
confines itself in its platforms, program and tactics strictly to that
line, can healthy growth and stability be imparted to the Socialist
vote. And above everything else tho
proletariat must learn to keep its
own affairs in its own hands. Its
emancipation from present economic
bondage can be accomplished by a
struggle only, and a long, hard,
fierce one at that. It cannot be accomplished by sleight-of-hand either
of the opportunist or any other
brand. For the workers to depend
upon the "intellectuals," in the shape
of professors, lawyers, sky pilots,
etc., who graciously condescend to
come down from high places to lead
them out of the economic wilderness
is but to be lead still deeper into it,
and again be betrayed into thu hands
of the ruling philistincs as they always have been by those whom they
looked up to for guidance and salvation.
The Chicago happening furnishes a
splendid illustration of the possibility of "opportunism" and the impos-
sibi: ty of "impossibilism." Let the
proletarian element within the party
in Chicago and elsewhere profit by
the lesson and take energetic measures to put the party upon a clear-
cut revolutionary basis by relegating
tho "intellectuals" and their "opportunism"  into oblivion.
A few moro "opportunist" victories
like this Chicago affair will make
the Socialist party of the United
States a stench in tho hoStrils of
solely for profit at the expense bf
wage labor. In those lines of Indus*
try which by their very character
were readily turned into mechanical
processes, such as the making of
cloth, shoe making, metal working,
etc., tho downfall of the small producer at tho hands of capitalist production was speedily and effectively
accomplished. With his smaller
moans of production he could not
withstand the terrific onslaughts of
larger capital and was speedily forced to tho wall, compelled to give up
the ghost as an independent producer, nnd, leaving hope behind, plunge
into tho ranks of the wage earners.
This downfall of the small producer
hns indeed been a tragedy, but .as
small production' Is loss economical
than production carried on upon a
gigantic scale, it has been a necessary on». Tts victims have been unable to escape their fate no matter
how pitiful their wnils as they are
forced over the brink into the wage
slave's inferno.
Just as tho small producer in other lines hns been forced to succumb
to the inevitable trend of capitalist
development,' so must his counterpart in the field of agriculture. As
tho application of mechanical power
to the process of agriculture is made
possible, thus bringing order, method and consequent economy out of
previous disorder, chaos and waste,
those who do not. possess sufficient
power (capital) to avail themselves
of such machinery and method, must
give way to those tvho do. The
small agriculturist who has at least
preserved up to the present time
some vestige of independence must
surrender to tho inevitable and become transfoVmod into an agricultural wage slave outright. On his
journey hitherward he may for a
time appear to escape his fate by
playing tho role of tenant farmer,
bilt oven this disguise is of too flimsy a texture to completely cover up
his condition of servitude.
To point out to the small farmer
the inevitable trend of things may
not bo pleasant to either the pointer
or the pointee. A duty, however,
that ea h one owes the other is for
the former to point it out, and the
latter to see it. so that both" may
act together in such a way as to
speedily arrive ot some solution of
tho difficulty, that, will be for their
common good.
Yes, the small farmer must disappear. His tools and methods are becoming out-of-dnte, because too puny,
and consequently wasteful of human
ellort. He must, give way to agriculture and kindred pursuits, upon a gigantic scale by the aid of
every mechanical device and the highest, technical skill possible, to tho
enil that the best results may be attained with the least possible expenditure of human energy.
If the small farmer be wise he may
shorten the period of his agony by
viewing things from the standpoint
of tho out and out wage slave, and
casting his political fortunes with
Ihe latter for the overthrow of the
rule of capital. If he be thus wise
in time he may avoid at least some
of the miseries the future has otherwise in store for him.
ttr Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, R. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
of R. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening in the headquarters. Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 813 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock In the Le Petite
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
evening at fl o'clock in the Sullivan
B. 0.
C PETERS  Pr,ct,Cfl u*%
Hand-Made Boots sod Shoes to order in
•11 styles.   Repairing promptly snd neatly done.    Stock  or staple  ready-made
Shoes always on baud.
I4M wettitiasttr kn.      Nasal Pleasaat.
When They Meet; Where They M * I
S/aw~ Every Labor Union in the
vited to place a card under this hi!"!'""* J
month.    Secretaries please note Hi
Greenwood   Miners'   Union ul
W. F. M.   Meets   ev«v\!$
evening in Union hall j  u J"1
president; Ernest   Mills ," "l
treasurer. '*
Phoenix Trades and Labor" Cn»
Meets every alternate M
John Riordan, president- p,11*
Brown, vice-president; p ul
casse sergeant-at-arms; W H ill
bury, secretary-treasurer P nf
198, Phoenix. B. C. U"
Phoenix     Miners'   Union   11.1
VV. F. M.    Meets    every «Jf
hall.   Wm. Barnett, president
Riordan, secretary.
Railway Block.   Tel. 82V.   P.O. Box 982.
314 Hastiest Strati     -     Viacsmr, I. C.
There is n thimble.headed editor (?)
out in Astoria, Ore., who prints oil
on a hand press some five or six hundred copies of what he culls a daily
puper. This is simply an excuse for
taking from society a living which
ho never deserved, for an editor
should be a teacher, and this one
doesn't appear to have enough knowledge or honesty to teach uny truth.
Appeal  to Reason.
The Appeal should refrain from
thus "bawling out'1 members of the
editorial fraternity lest people's attention should bo called to similar
shortcoming? In Its—or—well, with
some of the ;:est of us.
The Toronto Weekly Sun taking
note of a move in Nova Scotia towards combining some thirty or
more ordinary-sized farms into ono
largo one, asks, ."must tho small
farmer disappear?" It is also noticed that outside of the fruit and
truck districts of Ontario there appears to bo a general movement towards larger farms.
Agriculture is a branch of industry that has proven less readily invaded by gigantic nnd powerful machinery and therefore loss readily
converted to strictly capitalist pur
pose. It has therefore lagged behind
in tho march townrds complete ca
pitnlizution. As machinery is successfully applied and technical diili-
culties   overcome,    agriculture   must
While the American wage worker
is engaged in the daily grind of mill,
factory and sweatshop, trying to eke
out an existence on a wage that is
ever crowding closer to the life line,
and tho farmer leads the strenuous
life trying to escape the mortgage
shark and dodge the sheriff, they
should derive much consolation from
knowing thut "at all the great social functions at Florence, Naples or
Rome, American women now liguru
prominently as guests," according to
the New York American und Journal. At a recent court ball at the
Quiiinal, Mrs. Meyer, wife of the
American Ambassador, toted so many;
diamonds around on her person that
she made the queen look like a pawnbroker's hired girl in comparison.
Mrs. Thomas Walsh and daughter, 01
Washington, were the centre ol
"groups of admiring men and women." The old lady was togged out
in "gold gauze," spangled, not with
stars, but with real diamonds, and
tho young one was arrayed in
'"moonlight crepe de chine," which
is some sort of cheese cloth of such
coarse mesh that the moon will shine
through it.
One of thu greatest successes of tho
season was the "baby party" given
by Miss Kemp of Now York. She
was dressed as a French doll in
"llully muslin" with lots of ribbons
and a large bonnet from which a
moss of ringlets fell to her shoulders. She was awfully cute. Her
brother, Arthur, was rigged up as a
sailor boy In charge of a nurse. L.
M. Thomas, of the American Embassy, dragged a woolly lamb on wheels'
about with him all the evening. Mrs.'1
Von Longcrkn Myer, wife of the Am-'
erica n Ambussador wore a green
velvet   mother   hubbard  and  a  wig
Nanaimo Winers' Union, No ij,i
F. M meets every third sfl
from July 2. Alfred Andrew*,
ident; Jonathan Isherwood Pi
Box 259, Nanaimo, B. C, \J
ing secretary.
> .
The International Brotherhooil
Electrical Workers.-L0cal M
Meets second and fourth
days at I. B. E. W. Hall, R„
Ingleside Block. President,]
Dillabough; recording secrtj
Geo. P. Farr; financial secretan
H. Sellar. Address all comma
tions to the hall. Ail sojounj
brethren cordially invited.
judges used to glory in, and tho
Misses Meyer wore muslin frocks, one
pink, the other blue. Old Myer himself, the American Ambassador, did
not take part in the interesting affair. Being in his second diaper-
hood  he  probably  had  better  sense.
There were "Italian noblemen"
(Qod save the mark), rigged out as
little girls in short petticoats, yellow curls, and low-necked frocks.
Prince Highandlow, a scion' of the
noble house of Hohcnzollorn, was
trundled around in a baby carriage
while he clung tenaciously to a nursing bottle filled with champagne.
Take it all in all, It was a thoroughly high-class performance, and ono
to be enjoyed not only by the participants, but b.v the workers whose
slavery make such exhibitions possible.    The Journal says:
"The large number of Americans
in Rome this year made the carnival
more nearly what it was in tbe days
of its prime thnn for many years
past. Tho* streets were thronged
with merrymakers from the United
States, and the gayest and most extravagant entertainments were due
to the initiative of American visitors
and  residents."
The American wage worker and
farmer while sweating to make both
ends meet, should be comforted by
knowing thnt however uncomfortable
may lie their lot as wealth producers,
that those who plunder them are
having troubles of their own In
squandering the plunder. However
uncouth and unlettered they may be
thoy should thank thoir lucky stars
thnt their position in human society
does not impel them to make the
low, coarse vulgar and brainless exhibition of themselves that, tho beneficiaries  of capitalism  indulge  in.
and   adjoining   territories    to   r..,«
and  advertise  the  Wholesale and ! J
tional  Deiortmeiita of an old eatajf
house  af  solid  financial  standing,
ry   $3.50   per  day,   with    •xpenssf
vanceri   each.   Monday   by    check
from   headquarters.      Horse   and
furnished   when   necessary;   pnsitioil
inanent.      Address,    blew    Bros,   t[
Dept.  6.  Monon  Rldg..  Chicago, ill
RhTAIfl NfMMI 1H0.4
Tin- Oldest labor Piper Is <mi\
Al« . vs a U iirlrxss exfiotieiil in I
ciin-i- of lubor.
I-'or one doll ir tb« fleper *iHl|
Sent to nny m Wh-.« lor i.lie
Work it-gnu 11 of uli CuUlilriai
soon recognize Ihe fuct thai la
mu-t •itioort and read their i«J
Issued every Friday.
Tbe Voice Publishiig Co., Lii
Published Weekly by tin |
W«st«m FeiiratiM Of Misen |
A Vigorous Advocate of
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.       Six Montk|
Denver, Colorado.
N    the selection   of   the  Td
that we use in our Cigare 1
ercise   the  greatest   c-sre,
buying   the  very    best   Tot
that is grown.    Our
Kurtz's Own
Kurtz's Pioneers
Spanish Blossoms
Are made of tho very best clear I
na Fillers and Sumatra Wraj
and are made by expert Dniun*
United Hatters of North Ameri
When you are buying a FUR HAT tea to l>
th» Oenulna Union Label 1* sewed In It.    If » *
ha* loose labels In hla possession and o flora   "
one In a hat for you. do not patronize  til"'
labels In  retail stores are counterfeits.     Tbe 1
Union Label Is perforated on four edRee,  «*»cl"J
same ae a postage stamp.    Counterfeits    ir«   1
times perforated on three edgs*, and eome tlnrtSi
on two.    John B. Stetson Co. of Philadelpbl*j
non-union concern.
JOHN  A.  MOPFlTT.  President, OranKe, N  ->
MARTIN    LAWLOR,    Secretary,    ll  VY averiV
New York.
perforce take on moro completely tho  	
capitalist form  of  being can-led  on | something like the British Columbia
OCIALISM Is Inevitable. That means onr economic nnj'*
development will some dny make It clear even to the dttlW'1!
that a solution of onr Industrial problems U possible uiilj' »{|
dastrtal co-operation. But are we to look on passively »»«3
until the mind more dull and dense than our own>'»»I
reasoned it out all by Itself r Certainly not. We wont to grt ™
sooner. Aad we will get there in the near future If we set tt <"
aad educate the man who is still groping In tbe dark. W' K
things will make him see the light some day. lint wc w^'a
I? ""A* 10w- Therefore our Incessant propagaada """ VJ
tion. To do ifood work you need good tools. Select jroaf P3
Two 1
" £WAt,5at^'■, carefullyTnd~ joiTwill see'result
UA.,.U w _ well tried as means of Socialist propaganda are _,. ,k
!*lP.EfL?.M SOCIALISM. SthEditioa; ISOPages; Paper25c-,CW*
bTttarlrdnfnM* »»%' C«A«. H. VAIX. They ^m^ffonfand. of *#
KM.„«em1.pl^0'Ml eoM'ncIng presentation of the principles c.f Soclnllmn-  ToJJ.
•^KwatiS^f.mIad* Co-°yt**U'" Co. tfiey an soM at a discount of 40 pereffil
Co^MraSS?S^iKKEfSSfi by »°"«>l7 Payments of «0 cents n |S.OO •»«•«
.n^JESIfJV*if'!,''!,.h.'"» *l°l*tl •■* therebjr enjoy special rntee for ' 'The COS"
^&K^Ar^«».BS^^nS°^^l^^ wagon to the
COMRADE CO-OPERATIVE COMPANY. 11 Cooper 3qusre, Nevy_VrL I/. • •• ■'.','       *-.(/'   II     ',        /      If    ■ :...*,
IVANUurmat, ft. b....Afrm U, #m
rfMilillTil  ■
f ii fi&jJRa 6Lkkm, vAijrdoiTviR, i ft
Triumph of tbe Social Revolution
Prom ".Socialism,"   by Frederick Engels.
The  seizure  of  all   meuns  of    pro-
Idiiclion by society ha. , since the l.i.s-
Iidric    appearance  of  capitalist    pro-
'diiction,   often floated    more  or  less
■vaguely   as  an  ideal   future  uim  be-
Ifore the minds of individuals us well
whole sects.    Hut  it could become
liossible and a historic necessity only
■when the material conditions for its
Implication were ready  to hand,   its
Execution, like that of all other pro-
IgruMslvo    social     measures,    becomes
•possible, not by reason of the understanding that the existence of class-
is repugnant  to  justice,  equality,
fete, not  by simply   willing the abolition of these clusses, but by reason
■ul new economic conditions.    The illusion  of  society  into  un exploiting
IiiikI  un  exploited,   a  ruling  and    un
impressed   class,   was   the   necessary
result  of   the  former   slight  development of product ion.     So long as the
aggregate  labor  of  society  yields    a
stork   but  slightly   in  excess  of    the
•i|iiiiements   for   the   bare   existence
|of .ill,  so long us lubor engages the
(whole  or   almost   the   whole   time  of
tin-  large    majority   of  society,  just
long does that society necessari'y
Uivide itself into classes.    Along with
the large  majority,,  held exclusively
iabor,  a class, freed from directly
productive   lubor,   shapes   itself,   and
al.es charge of the common concerns
if  society:   the  direction    of     labor,
State   matters;    administration    of
Just ice,   s ience,   arts,    etc.     Accordingly, it is the law of the division of
labor that lies at the bottom of the
illusion into classes.     Hut that does
hut prevent   the ruling class,  once in
ithe    saddle,    from   strengthening  its
Supremacy   at   the   expense   of   the
pvurking class,  and from  turning the
direction  of  society  into  an  intensified exploitation  of  the masses.
Hut     although,    according   hereto,
blass divisions have a  certain justification   in   history,   yet   is  this    the
lose  only   for  a  certain  given  epoch
Mid for given social conditions. They
rose  from   the   insufficiency   of  p'fb-
luction, und  will lie swept away  by
lie full  development of modern proactive forces.    Indeed,  the abolition
classes   in   society   presupposes    a
listoric    stage    of    development   at
Uilch  thu existence,   not  of  this   or
thut particular ruling cluss only, but
i>f any  ruling  class  whatever,   and,
si-i oriiingly,    the   existence   of    class
■is tine tion itself, hus become an un-
urli.-onism   und   is   obsolete,    it  prt-
BlipposeS  a   range of  development  in
production    and   of    their   products,
iiul.  u.ong  with  them,  of  the political  power,   of   thu  monopoly  of cul-
liure   and   of    intellectual    leadership
liy a particular class in society, hns
RittoiiU!,   not    only    superfluous,    but
[also    economically,    politically    and
Intellectually    a   clog     to   progress.
D'hls stage bus now been reached. On
liliu  one   httnil,   the  political   and   in-
i-llectuul   bunkruptcy  of the capitalist    cluss    is   hardly   uny   longer   a
herret   to   itself;   on   the   other,     its
economical   bankruptcy   recurs   regularly every  ten years.    At every cri-
1ms,   society,   unable  to   utilize  them,
lis  suffocated   under   the  load   of  her
Iowa products and productive powers,
liind stands helpless before the absurd
■contradiction    that    the     producers
|have   nothing   to    consume     because
there is a dearth of consumers.   The
[power of expansion in the means   of
IpriiiJuciion   snaps     the   bonds   which
(•-upiiulist production lays upon them.
[Their emancipation rrom  these bonds
[is the only perquisite for an uninterrupted,  ever  more rapidly  udvuncitig
■development    of     productive    forces,
land, thereby, for a,practically bound-
Bess    Increase   of   production  itself.
JUiit  this is not  ull.    The appropriation by society of-lhe means Of pro-
|diiitioii   iI.m-s   away,   not   only    with
present    nil i fit- i n I   restriction    of
of  his  social
.en   .ij.peared    to
Ip'oiliK-tioii, but also with the po-i:
Jtive waste und havoc, both of pro-
Iductfl and productive forces, that to-
Idoy nre the unavoidable companions
jof production, and reach their height
jut the crises, Furthermore, b.v do
ling away with the insane extrava-
jgunce of the ruling classes of today
Innd of their political representatives.
lit sets free for the use of the whole
{people a mass of products and tnenns
|of production. The possibility, with
I<h" aid ol socialized production, to
J secure to every member of society
Inn existence, not only materially suf-
ificient nnd richer from day to day.
iliut which also guarantees to him
the free development nnd activity of
(his physical and intellectual gifts,
['his possibility now exists for the
first  time nnil  It exists Indeed.
With  the  seizure  of  tho  means  of
production   by   society,   the  production of "commodities"  Is done nwny
with   nnd along with them the domination exercised by the product, over
Its  own  producers      Anarchy  within
[social production would be supplant*
led by planful nnd deliberate organism Ion.    The struggle for  individual
jexlNtortco would be at. end.    Thereby
[for  the  first   lime man   would,   in  a
[-certain sense,  step finally out of the
juriinml    kingdom,   out  of tho brute
l-crmdlllons  of  existence,    into    those
Ithnt   are   truly   humnn.     The  condition*,    for   life  that   had   previously
j-donilnnfod him,  would  then be plnc-
J-eil under his dominion; nnd only then
pvoiibl  man   become  consciously  nnd
[in I'nct  the lord of nature: he would
jl»e oino master of his own social or
ganisation.      Ihe   law
-vl... u.iKli UMi.ll
him as siiunge uuU
laws of ritttui-e, would then bo useu
by man with a lull understanding of
their qualities, and, accordingly,
would be ruled by himself. Kven
the social organization of mankind,
which until then appeared to man as
an act of compulsion, superimposed
upon him by nature and history,
would then become the act of his
own tree will. The objective, strango
powers, which until then swayed history, would i;ome under the control
of man himself. Only thence for-
wurd would^thu social causes, set in
motion h.v himseli. produce mainly
und in an ever-increasing measure,
the intended results. It is the leap
of mankind out of the reign of necessity into that of freedom.
Let us now recapitulate our historic sketch in a few words:
I. Medieval Society.—Small individual production. Means of production adapted to individual use; thence
primitively inefficient and paltry,und
dwarfish in taelr results. Production for the Immediate consumption
either of the producer himself or of
his feudal lord. Only there where un
excess of production over consumption takes place, is that excess Offered for sale and fulls into exchange.
The production of "commodity" is
in its incipiency; but already it contains in embryo THE ANAKCHY
II. Capitalist Hevolulion. — Transformation of industry, first through
simple co-operation and manufacture,
concentration of the hitherto scattered means of production in large
workshops, und, thereby, their transformation from individual into social means of production—a transformation, that, on the whole does
not affect the form of exchange.
The old forms of appropriation remain in force. The capitalist makes
his appearance. In his capacity as
owner of the menus of production,
he appropriates the products also,
and turns them into "commodities."
Production hns become a social act.
Exchange, and, together with it, appropriation remain individual acts,
ucts of the individual. THE SOCIAL PRODUCTS ARE APPROPRIATED MY THE INDIVIDUAL CAPITALIST. This is the i'linduiiu-nial
contradiction from which arise all
the contradictions in which present
society moves, and which production
in  gross brings  to  light.
1 .—Severance of the producers
from the means of production, Condemnation of the worker to lifelong
IJ.—Crowing predominance and increasing effectiveness of the laws
that govern the production of commodities. Unbridled competitive
struggle. Contradiction between social orgnni ntion in the separate
factories, and social anarchy in production at  large.
;'.—On the one hand, perfection of
machinery made by competition compulsory upon every individual manufacturer, ami equivalent with ever
increasing displacement of labor—
the industriul reserve nrmy. On the
other hand, iKiundless expansion of
production equally a compulsory
law of competition to ever-- manufacturer. On both hands, unheard
of development of productive forces,
excess of supply over demand, overproduction, glutting of the markets,
decennial crises, the vicious circle :
here a superabundance of products
am! means of production; vonder a
Superabundance of workingmen without employment nnd without means
of existence. Hut these two forces
of production and socinl wellbeini'
cannot combine becauso the capitalist form of production prevents the
productive powers from operating
nnd the products from circulating
unless they first convert themselves
Into enpitnl—a thing that their very
superabundance prevents from being
done. The contradiction has become
FORM OF EXCHANGE. Tbe capitalist class is convicted of Incapacity
further to direct its own social powers   ->f  production.
P.—Partial recognition of the so-
ciul character ot the powers of
production forced upon the capitalists themselves. Appropriation of
the large organisms of production
and of communication nnd transportation, first by stock companies,
next by tho state. The capitalist
class shows itself to be superfluous;
all its social functions are filled by
hired employes.
HI. Proletarian Revolution....Solution of the contradictions. The proletariat seizes the public power and,
with its aid, turns the powers of
production, thnt have been slipping
from the hands of the capitalist
class, into public, property. Ry this
act it frees the moans of production
from the previous capitalist quality,
and gives their nocial character full
freedom to assert itself. Thenceforth
social production upon a predetermined plan becomes possible. The
development of production makes the
continuance of several social clusses
an anachronism. In proportion as
anarchy In the production of society
at large rilRnppears, the political authority of the state becomes dor.
mant. Man, finally master of his
own form of socinl organization, becomes at the same time lord over
nature, lord over himself—in short,
free. To accomplish this work of
universal emancipation is the historic
mission of the modern" proletariat.
To investigate its historic conditions, thereby its nature itself, und
thus to impart a consciousness of
Its own motion to that class that,
oppressed todny, Is called upon to
do the net—that is tho task of tho
theoretic expression of the movement
of the proletariat, i. e., of SCIENTIFIC  SOCIALISM.
Nanaimo, B.  C,  April 11,  1905.
Editor  Western   Clarion:
1 noticed in your Inst issue of the
Clarion thut some very holy men
hud come lo the. conclusion that il
wus not right nor proper for the
church to accept $100,000 from the
oil king, John D. Rockefeller, l
don't blame them. Such u pultry
sum for the service that thesu good
gentlemen and others of thoir cloth
have rendered John ll. und his class
in hoodwinking tlie workers by
pieu hing to them ihe worthiness of
submission to John D. and the rest
ol the muster class who squeezed
their millions out of the hides of the
working cluss is not enough.
Why, his oily majesty could not offer less than that amount to the Socialist Party for propaganda purposes,  und  be decent.
Hut, sir, the disease is spreading.
The monduy evening Free Press had
an item telling how a reverend gentleman cautioned his congregation
or some of them anyhow, not to pollute his collection plate. This was
due to the fact Ihut. a game of fool-
ball hud been played on the swamp
Sunday. The afternoon being line
the wage slaves went in crowds to
see the sport. As you are aware,
the producing class ure worked from
Monday, 7 u.m., to Saturday 11 p.
m., so they must take it on Sunday.
The reverend gentleman said it was
a disgrace to the Hr-r-r-itish Fla-a-
a wg
It is n disgrace to any flag thai
works its only uselul class so hard
every week-day that they are forced
to steal Sunday for recreation. Perhaps his reverence thinks that the
wage slave should rest and accumulate more energy which he can expend on Monduy for the benefit of
his  master.
Now, Mr. Editor, 1 can assure the
reverend  gentleman  that   the  money
collected at the gate of the ball
grounds was as clean as that taken
in the bazaar, much of which was
spent by those hnd saloon men for
whose scul|is he is ever on the war
path-, and I would like to impress
him with the fact that tho saloon |
keepers' money is just as clean as
anyone else's under this profil system.
If the preaching fraternity do not |
wish the workers to play games on
Sunday why don't they raise their
voices in protest against the encroachment of the master class on I
workingmon's holidays? When their
Saturday afternoon was demanded
from the miners I never heard a
word of protest from the pulpit; not
a murmer except from those who
were forced  to  submit.
Now, as regards the British Flag
or any other. The worker recognizes any old flag under which he can
get a |ob, and the capitalist any under which he can squeeze a profit.
 *—o .
recent explosion In the coal
nt Zeigler, Illinois, bo's al-
2() dead miners to its credit,
Ui<I it is expected the list will renin
nt least 85. The usual attempt is
being made to attribute the explosion to the union miners who huve
been having trouble with the owners.
The infamous .Joe Loiter, of Chicago,
is the principal owner. As he does
not work in the mine lie escaped the
Against monopoly there is a great
cry going up south of thu line. The
middle class are being crushed out
of existence by the wicked trusts at
an ever accelerating puce and their
profits ure momentarily^ growing
smaller by reason of the curtailmbut
of their qhunces lo grub surplus 'Sa-
lue. Nearly every magazine contains
the history of ono of Ihe great trusts
and tin- wail of Ihe middle cluss is
loud  in   the land.
Alfred Henry Lewis, writing in one
of the magazines on the Interna' ion-
al Harvester Company, conclud- s bis
article as follows: "Meanwhile save
for what threat may lurk iu tlie
courts and commerce commUtfi.iiui,
president-driven to their duty, the
harvester trust, with its railroads,
its steamships und its bunk allies,
is managing an annual export trade
of twenty-one million dollars; is doing u yearly domestic business of
ninety million dollars: is borrowing
money ut three and four per cent.;
is killing Competition; is stilling invention as threatening expense; is
pressing toward u monopoly—that
commodity most sure to rust republican instil ut ions!—and paying dividends a splinter above forty per cent.
on its capital slock of one hundred
and twenty million dollars. The
whole presents a condition of fiscal
blood-sucking, permitted by the people,  who are as sheep,"
In the above indictment there is
nothing that any business concern
would not do if it could. To borrow
money at three and four per cent, to
loan al six to ten per cent, is to buy
cheap and sell dear—a process which
we are told is the aim and object of
business. Every bunking institution
borrows money a1 the least possible
rate of interest, and indeed pays no
interest at all for the majority of
deposits nn its books, and lends it
"at six lo ten p--r cent." nnd Mr.
Lewis would tell you that it is perfectly legitimate for a hank to do
this,   if so.  why not  the trust?
It is a little difficult to understand
why monopoly is more sure to rust
republican institutions and how an
institution can become rusty. Rusty
machinery works with much frictioh
and noise but monopolies possess the
secret of. ma king the governmental
machinery work with a minimum of
both. The virtues of pnlm oil nre
to  well   known   to  need  description..
The word republic is derived from
the Latin, meaning the common
wealth or weal. The so-called republican institutions of the United
stales nre run iii the interests of
either the trusts or the middle cluss,
mostly the trusts, and takes no account of the workingman except
when his owners require injunctions
or  militia   with   which   to   club  him
-   Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize, Them and Tell Them Why
j. 5 »i.U 7 aTORK .sikl:KI
Tclephoae 296 VICTORIA, B. C.
and Poultry Food to obtain
best   results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
Clothing Made to Order.
Fit Guaranteed.
27 Store Street Victoria, B. C.
COIkRAOlSi strike   at   the   ballot
linx   on   I'Hection   day,   and   be  sure
to strike  tlie
Rock  Bay Hotel
When   In   Victoria.
ARMSON bROS., Proprietors
Colonial Bakery
29   .Johnson   St.,   Victoria,   13.0.
Meliverr-d   to  any   part  of the city.    Ask
Driver   to   ca!l.      Thone   849.
Patronize  Clarion Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75.
Bundles  of  25  or  more copies    to
one address at  the rate of one cent
Victoria General Agent for The
OtAflLt lults
fUKlL.i.Nl/ oul-.OO.MA.V
SAiN HU   CISCO cllh iN'lt'I.E
l.Oo AMifcl.fca Tl.Mhs
I'KNSoYl.V A.<1A l.Kli
P. 0. Box 444 VICTORIA. B. C.
Muulacmrtr ol
CIGARS       B'CBC,-*R
< i No 8 Centre it.
K K i; I H I K !< K |,
71 Sovonmest Stmt, Victoria, B. C.
X  SMOKK  11
Sold Everywhere. Union Made.    J!
69 Pandora St.      Victoria, B. C. ','
AH The Working Men
Duy Their
The Belfast Store
24:t-21;-)   CARBALL  STREET.
L. Richmond
37 Hastings Street, East.
V»xt Door to Mason's.
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, | of government—the capitalist to hold
iu conventi in a lembled, affirm ou' the worker to secure it by politics'
allegiance to and support of the pri.: • action. This is the class struggle,
riples and program of the internati^n
al revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the ob-
labor it should ;u'tly belong.. To 'ne ! ject of conquering the public powers
owners of the means of wealth pro- I for the purpose of setting up and en-
dm-tion belongs the product of labor,  forcing the economic,   program,   of
The present tcoiif mic system is based   *u-  '--"— -*—   -- '-"	
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the   state will be
back to work. The well-bein-- of the
workingman is entirely neglected, so
thut the I'. S. institutions are no
ni'ie ie|iidili'-nn than our monarchial
ones, and Mr. U-wis is worrying
about,  things that do not exist.
The trusts do not. suck the blood
of "the people" but they do suck the
blood of the working class, a very
considerable portion of the people,
about Tu per cent. The average
urn-kliigman obtains a subsistence
wage no matter to what price the
trusts may boost the necessities ol
life. Ilis bipod is Slicked while he
labors, the surplus value goes to the
master and it matters not if his
master has to disgorge to a greater
robber. The workers' concern is to
stop the stealing of surplus value iu
the shop so that he may have it for
himself, but the trust busters will
do their utmost to make him believ*
that  their fight is his fight.
The fight against the trusts is a
niidille-'-lass   light. It   is    a    fight
against    the    inevitable     iiulriuue     nt'
their cherished panacea, free competition, They nre desirous of putting
burk the so in! evolution, or resuscitating the stage at which it wan
half a century ago. The tendency to
monopoly may recpivc a check from
time to time but in the long run
monopoly is bound to win for competition means death—ruin; monopoly
meant:  life—profit.
—Spnrtficus In Winnipeg Voice.
Strike at  the ballot  box on election day but be sure to strike the
'.y.itt  Cordova  St.
nny day you are hungry. .lust
around the corner from the Socialist headquarters.
T    0HRISTENSEN,   Prop.
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the information sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pupil, the student and the litterateur, there
is nothing better; it covers everything.
Tho New nmlTnlarscd Edition recently ls-
euoc Iiiih 25,(10!) new wunto and phrases, a completely revised llinirriipliieiil Dictionary and
Qasotteer of the World, sua) pages and 6000
Our name is on tbe title-panes of all tbe
au!!:e if lu dictionaries of tho Webster series.
I "A 'lest  in  Pronurtci ition" which  affords *
pleasant and instructive evening's entertain
meet.  Illustrated pamphlet also free.'
0.4 C. MEHKIAM CO., Pubs., Springfield, i
the working class, as follows
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, r t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of indus-
used to protect and defend their pro-  try j,y the workers,
perty rights in the means of wealth ''
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
struggle for possession of the powei
3. The establishment, as speedily
ai possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
.uie of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance "'irb this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all t' e public affairs placed in
its hands ; 1 such a manner as to promote th. interests of the working class
An explosion in one of the buildings of the Union Metallic Cartridge
Company, at Bridgeport, Connecticut, resulted in wrecking the building and killing "three men, which
speaks volumes for the quality of
the goods turned out by the company.
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership ill 	
Local Socialist Party of Canada,
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to lie a struggle for political sprem.-icy, i.e. possession of the reins of
government, nnd which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to nil parties of the capitalist clas,s.
If ndmitied to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political 1 arty, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate m- mis the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada onlv.
Applicant ,
Age         Citizen	
Admitted to Local , 19	
 .....Chairman         Rec.-Scc. I
Newspaper Publishing
WV. AIM-; MAKING a specialty
of newspaper publishing,
and are prepared to give
estimates on printing all kinds of
weekly or monthly publications. If
■ ou un- thinking of publishing nny
kind of pamphlet or other matter ne-
cossltatlng a large amount of type-
letting,  come  to   us  as  we are pur-
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 836
ticulnrly equipped for just sucn work.
Also anything in the way of oillco
stationery, business cards and advertising matter handled with neatness and despatch.
Moil orders for Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed lo the letter and sent retlirn
mail. Prices the same as for work
done in this city. Try us with an
>'«l I '!
. i ,h,
'■ ill
' -'mm
• I
TOE WESfSfeN CLARION, VA^abtrVBfe, 18.
VAttcorjVEii, fe. C....A
I III    in
" sr »yrra
15. l90i
Socialist Party of Canada
J. G. MORGAN, Secretary. Vancouver, B.
:dm --- ...... ...
.Vancouver,   ii.   C,   April  11,   1905; Geo. Ilolbrook,  Vancouver ...
(Room   11", '.Masonic  block)—1'resents \  Comrade,   Knderby  	
1  00
1  00
Comrades Stebbings (chairman),
Leah, Peters, Wilkinson, Organizer
and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and adopted.
-The following communications were
dealt with:
From Frodericton, N. B.. enclosing
application lor charter and $5.»t> for
charter fee and stamps, 'the chur-
lir was grunted.
'From Dawson, Y. T.. enclosing a\>-
pjtication for charter with 21 names
atid. $ 10 for supplies and stamps.
Charter granted.
"rom   Edmonton,     Alberta,   asking
charter    form   and   information,
■etary  instructed   to  reply.
»From  Toronto,  Ont.,   enclosing  $">
foi1'due  stamps.
From Comrade 10. II. Phillips,
Texada, 11. C, concerning matters
at tlie Provincial  House.
The secretary wus instructed to
The committee on printing reported Ihnt the constitution was now
really, but thut the charter was not
available owing to some difficulties
about getting out the plates. The
report was received,
**.  o	
Brought forward  $ 3  tiO
Dawson,   Y.  T„     charter   Ice
*?'aftd due stamps   70 00
Frederic ton, N. IL, charter fee
*-and due stamps      5 W0
Toronto,  Ont,   due  stamps  ...    5 00
Total  ?24 50
A warrant was drawn for $10 to
be-iapplied to printing account, leaving a balance of $14.56.
,'•  o	
Notes   by   the   secretary.
' Correspondents are requested to
note the change of secretary, and address letters und whatnot to me at
561 Barnard street, Vancouver, B.C.
Do not on any account send party
correspondence to the Clarion office.
1 have received certain of the new
supplies and these will be furnished
to Locals at the following rates:
Membership cards,   1 cunt each.
■j  Constitutions,  35 cents per  dozen
Warrant Books, 25 cents each.
-Vancouver Local sends an encouraging monthly report, showing a
decided increase in membership and
A-Jively interest being taken in the
'The Socialist Party of Canada hns
'hot been launched in vain and the
progress up to date is most encoui
aging. Enquiries uro coming in
from places where hitherto the presence of Socialists was entirely unsuspected.
A charter has been granted to  the
Dawson,   Y.  T.   Socialists.    In  sending  an   application   for  charter  con
taining twenty-one names,  the secretary,   Comrade  Douglas,   says:    "We
have   fifty   members   here   but   the
greater     number    are    out    on    tho
greeks,"   and  also expresses a desire
to   havo    an     organizer  sent  north.
..The Socialist Party  of Y. T.  thus
goes out of existence and what pro
mises to  be a live   local of. the  Socialist    Party   of   Canada   takes   its
uiiThe Frederlcton Socialist League,
organized by our old Comrade, H.H.
Stuart, in 1!t02, has also decided to
relinquish its independence and has
:-\»tfi»o been granted a charter. The
following are the Officers of Local
f-'redericton, N. B., Socialist Party
»f Canada: organizer, A. Judson
litchell, Camp Bello, N. B.; secretary, .lames A. Kdmonds, Frederic-
Ion, N. B.: recording secretary, Mur-
|tfn Butler, Fredericton, N. B.; treasurer, Henry Harvey Stuart, Har-
fcourt, N.B.; literary agent, Rev. R.
MacPh'-rson, Margnree Harbor, X.
The comrades in Edmonton, Alia.,
have intimated their intention of organising ns a Local of the party.
Those   in  (llace   Bay,    N.   S.,   nre,   I
understand, of like mind.
: BX.Provincial Executive :
['•     Socialist Party of Canada.      •
l« •
• .• •••••••••••••••••
Tjio Provincial Executive Commit-
ee has been at considerable trouble
'to get out an organizer to tour the
upper country in the interest of the
party. An appeal was made for
funds and the coust locals responded
Iff.vthe best of their ability. Altho
ugn no money was forthcoming from
tho district immediately interested,
it was supposed that some assistance
would be given the organizer en
route. In this belief he was dispatched on tour, but, with the exception of $5 at Revelstoke, has received practically no assistance in
the course of his journey. Money is
Just as scarce on the coast as elsewhere. The locals here have put up
all they possibly can, and unless the
organizer can obtain his expenses,
the committee will have no alternative but  to recall  him.
Receipts  to  Date  for  Organizing
Local No.  1, Vancouver  $15 00
Local  No.  B,  Nanaimo   $10 00
Local No.    8, Van Anda   12 50
Local  No.  7, Revelstoke      5 00
H.  Elliot      1 00
Total  146 00
Vancouver,   B.   C,   April   11,   1906
l Room l»l, Masonic block).—Present:
Comrades Stebbings (chairman), Peters, Leah! Wilkinson, Organizer
Klngslej   and  the Secretary.
.Minutes ot previous meeting rend
and  adoptoed.
rhe following communications were
dealt  with:
From Organizer O'Brien (2) dated
from Rossland, reporting progress.
Laid  over  to order of new  business.
From Nanaimo Local enclosing $5
for <me stamps. Received, filed and
• implied  wilh.
From Vancouver Local enclosing
$~> for stamps. Received, filed and
(implied  with.
l-'rom Comrade Geo. E. Winkler,
Pontic ton, stating his intention of
becoming a memlHsr-at-largq. Ilocoiv-
ed,   filed  and  information  given.
Concerning Comrade O'Brien's tour:
The secretary v»as instructed to renin 552H to Organizer O'Brien at
Vancouver  Local,   No.   1,   due
stamps   S 5 00
Nanaimo   Local,   No,    2.   due
stamps       5 Oil
....$10 00
After all the school question is not
of so much moment to the public as
many of the politicians would have
us believe. In fact, it is doubtful
whether education is a benefit or an
injury to a country. The importance
given to "class consciousness" by
many would imply that instinct
might be an important factor in the
legislation of the future in Canada.
—Boundary Creek Times.
Tt is reported that fully 200,000
barrels of flour for Japan will leave
the ports of Tni.omn and Seattle by
the 1st of June. A foreign market
is nn excellent place for capitalists
to dispose of the product fleeced from
the workers at home. And besides
everybody in the States has too
much flour anyhow. Send it away,
by all moans, lest there be such nn
enormous quantity accumulated that
all hands starve to death.
Sorrowful tales are told of the famine und consequent starvation existing along the west coast of Ireland, because of the failure of the
potato crop. The west coast Irish
are almost exclusively small fanners.
Thev have small holdings scattered
mound on the rocky hillsides upon
which they grow potatoes almost exclusively. Without the potato the
farmer cannot pay his rent and live.
Of course his rent must be paid else
the landlord could not live, or at
least not the life of an idle, loafing,
useless parasite. One writer just returned (rom a trip through the Con-
neraara district, says that out of a
population there of 10,000 people,
no less thnn 40,000 are actually
starving. In the best of times there
is not enough to keep want away,
and were it not for the assistance of
friends nnd relatives in the United
Stoics who contribute to help pay
tho rent they could, not live at all.
Relief plans nre being organized by
the Hritish government, but as is
usually the case, in n half-hearted
and entirely inadequate mnnner. The
authorities stipulate that no relief
wage shall bo higher than 2."> cents
per day and shall not be accorded to
more than one member of a family
at ii lime. Any |M-rson accepting relief further than this is to be considered a pauper and forfeit, his
rights as a citizen. While landlords'
swine and cattle grow fat pasturing
on rich lands, the human animal is
forced to pay a rent of $2.60 to $1
per acre for  rocky,  sterile soil.
The starving people of this unhappy land are the victims of that sordid, cruel and conscienceless rule by
landlords anil industrial capitalists
that has made British history one
foul, loathsome blot since about the
end of the 15th century when the expropriation of the freeman from the
soil boston, in order to make way for
sheep walks.
As the next potato crop does not
come on until June or July nnd even
tho remnants of Inst year's poor
crop are now gone, it is beyond the
power of language to describe the
miseries which these uoor unfortunate victims of capitalist rule will be
forced to undergo before anything
like adequate relief can be hoped for.
No matter how great the volume
of suffering the British ruling class
will remain undisturbed nnd indifferent. Its government will remain active in extending its empire abroad
by lavish appropriations for naval
and military equipment, and all necessary adjuncts to the maintenance
of its barbaric  power.
By theso tokens will it be demonstrated that all government is class
government, and that all rule is
class rule.
To overthrow such rule, so that
they  who  do  the world's  work  need
Burns & Co. \
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom   Chains,    Augers,   Loggers'  Jacks,   Etc.
We have moved Into our new
and   commodious   premises :
138 Cordova St., East
'Plicne 1570       Vaicomr, B. 6.
Them ere Mimbers uv Local  Vancouver. No. 1, Socialist Party of
Canada  are   Going   to
have a
Sullivan Hall,Cordova St.
On the Evening of
Saturday, April Fifteenth
At Night Full
You an all yer fokes is kordally
invited tu cum an ware yer kallker
If anybody cuius fixed up they'll be
Kule 1.—All wimmin are expekted tu
wair kaliker dress or some ov thair
ole klose.
Kule 2.—Awl men mus wuir thair ole
No gont with a biied shurt will be
allowed tu cum unless he pays a fine
of live cents.
There in going lo bo butyful singin
and pluyin by our mimbers.   »
(loud dolsuni vittles will be furnished   free.
Kvry one brakoing theas rules will
be fined.
Prescilla Purkins, David Grind and
EIll  Crabapple will kollekt fines.
Fines for Ladies.
No aprun  5C
Saylur hat    5C
Trimmed hat  .,".5C
Ear wrings    .',5C
Trimmed  aprun      6C
Cold   framed,glasses    5C
Rats in hare  r,c
Kut Flowers jrjc
Flowers karriod  5C
Best dressed  person   ,10c
Artikles belongin lo yer nuyburs, 10c
Finger wrings  fa.
New dress  ' r)C
Silk dress  'iot.
And so forth.
Fines for Men
Pied mustnsh  5C
Shined  shoes     ■ r)C
Ester tyes  .'„i!'"oo
Watches (not waterbury)   "fjc
Full  beerd   ......tic
Clean shave  "'5,,
Bnwld  head    .....Tk
K11II  buttons     ,..&c
Kkarf pin   " r,c
Linnin kulTs  ,!„i'0a
Biied shirts    ...'.. ......."ic
Press sule  !.',"l8o
Ulster sute  , 10c
Fix try flirting  "!.!!l0c
Tallin  secrets  ,','.!l5o
And  so  forth ad infinitum.
Komity wm inform awl rowls,
Awl  mimbers or Local  No.   1   not
present, will  bo fined two bits.
not starve in the midst of the plenty
they ere: to is the task of the workers, and il is truly a Herculean one.
To its accomplishment docs every
revolutionist cheerfully lend his best
Victoria,  B. 0„ April 12, 1905.
Editor  Western   Clarion:
1 am,Instructed by the l.ocal here
to send you a copy of a resolution
which was passed here two weeks
ago supporting Comrade Hawthornthwaite iu his actions iu the Provincial House, which wo trust you
will publish in the paper.
Victoria,  B.   C,  March  28,   1905.
Whereas, the Leader of the Opposition hus made tbe statement on the
floor of the House that the Socialist
Party of this Province is dissatisfied
with Comrade Hawthornthwaite s
conduct in tho House and has been
informed by the Socialists of this
city that he will no longer receive
the support of the Socialist Party,
and such statement, being false and
Therefore, the secretary is hereby
instructed to forward to Comrade
Hawthornthwaite this expression of
the approval of this Local of his
general attitude in the House and
their unimpaired confidence in him
as a Socialist representative.
This resolution passed without a
dissenting  voice.
IL   J.  Harper,
Secretary Local Victoria. No. 2.
Tho average price of wage-labor Is
the minimum wage, I. e., that quantum of tho means of subsistence,
which is absolutely requisite to keep
the laborer in bare existence as a
laborer—Communist  Manifesto.
$25.O0,$22.00, $20
.00 and $18.00
SUITS for	
For One Week
,po, #5.50$5.00,
$4.00 Trousers
 Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
Labor is a commodity, and, like
other commodities, it exchanges in
the market at its cost of product ion
in human labor. That is, the labor-
force of tho laborer is sold in the
free and open labor market, at what
it costs to produce that labor force.
We have no slavery here. "Britons
never will be slaves."   Quelch.
in Opportune
finis for Reading
hop in and see our splendid assortment
I' rca-liiig matter. Trv our book
vebaiige. Return two old books nnd
jr .'ive one new one.
I *nd 14 Arcade.      328 Abbott Street
Mail orders promptly attended to
Cash Grocery Store
Wc also carry a full line of Furniture, on easy payments, at prices
that cannot bo duplicated. Kindly
inspect our stock.
Cor Wettniniter Ave and Harris Street.
Workingmen Aro Always Welcome at
New Fountain Hotel
0, SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and up.
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver, B.C.
The Ameri nn Baptist. Missionary
Union has accepted a gift of $200,-
000 from John D. Rockorfeller, to be
used for the construction of mission
buildings in foreign lands. The erection of such buildings will be a fitting prelude to the erection of Standard Oil tanks Inter on. Tbe foreigner can thus be furnished both
material nnd spiritual light at
"what the truffle will boar." Once
in the full glare of the spiritual lip;ht.
of modern civilization, the denizen
of heathen lands will find ample need
for other sort of light, because ho
will have lo work nights as well as
When it comes down to gathering
sub;. Comrade Horry Sibble, of this
city, is hard to boat. He has bean
at Victoria for the past week and
each day's mail brings from six to a
dozen new names for tho list.
Risen period of economic history
produces its own phenomenon In tho
realm of physical force, in each distinct epoch of the development of
modern capitalism the capitalist
changes his mode of fighting as the
occasion demands. He is driven to
ever fresh devices in order to maintain his position, for with the shifting of the economic circumstances
the human element changes also and
the needs  of  tho contests  are  insls-
The proletatian, good fellow, has
an unfortunate habit of going to
sleep. He cannot trouble bis head
with abstractions, he cannot even
trouble himself to discover who he
is and whither he is tending. He is
aught up in the clutch of circumstances, and these make him fulfil
his destiny, even against his own
will, and, as the destiny of the proletarian involves the destiny of the
people, that is, of every last ,man of
us, economic conditions hammer out
for us our destiny, in spite of iho
sleepy-headedneas ot the proletarian,
who prefers to go even to hell wi'li
his eyes shut.
The capitalist makes no sucb mistake. He does not intend to dri ik
the hemlock; he is no weary Titan
who would find his surcease from
sorrow in committing suicide. He
is thoroughly determined that come
what may he will put up a fight for
his position and that he will not
surrender what he has won without
a struggle.
It is well that this attitude should
be understood by the white-souled
Socialists who think that the proclamation of social rights is sufficient to insure their acceptance. Benevolent philanthropists are they,
who find salvation in the Sermon on
the Mount and the philosophic phil-
andorlngs of ministers out of a job.
They have designed a state which
might he fairly symbolized by a
white banner decorated with a golden lamb recumbent on green grass,
with its stomach full and its left
hind foot lazily scratching the errant,
fly from Its placid nose. They sing
the Marseillaise to tne same effect as
they sing "There's a Home for Lit
tie Children," and, this is indeed
precisely the meaning which they
wish to read Into the somewhat
crude lines of the Socialistic  song.
But the trades unionists are just
as ready to cry "peace" whore there
is no peace and to accept tho deliberately deceitful statements of Gompers and his ilk as true. They picture a state when capital and labor
shall each ho satisfied and walk to
tho banquet ns friends even with Br.
Eliot, of  Harvard.
The answer of the capitalist to all
these charming and idyllic dreams is
the strike-breaker.
The idea is simplicity itself. It is
just to put tho whole labor resources of the country into the hands ol
the capitalist at once. It is the
abandonment of the old policy which
merely gavo tho capitglist Uie particular district in which the strike
occurred from which to recruit his
scab labor. This old system was
very uncertain. In the first place,
the amount, of scab labor which
could be brought to bear upon a
given place at. a given time was
limited, and, secondly, those scabs
being known in the neighborhood
were usually greeted with various
endearing titles by the women of the
strikers. And opprobrious epithets
hurled nt one by the female of the
species is not conducive to the comfort even of a scab.
Now the plan to have a regularly
organized bureau of strike breakers,of
which there are at least two in Now
York, two in Massachusetts and one
at least in Chicago. Tho mode of
operation has thus been described by
a capitalistic paper, which naturally
goes into raptures over the scheme.
"A small number of men are hold
in hnnd under pay constantly and
till a strike arises are utilized in
general work as private dote tives
or spies nnd thoy make a nucleus
around which reinforcements ran bo
swiftly gathered. A few corporations have begun to pny regular retainers to one or another of the
.strike-breaking managers and this
renders somewhat of constant expenditure possible and indeed expected.
The bulk of tho men replied upon
are scattered through the country
and most of them at the time a
summons comes are busied with oth-
Negligee Shirts
Mot ieu early to Look
Exclusive patterns aro now b,re_
some of the choice ones will be ^u
early, and some of the designs we
cannot duplicate. If you appreciate
unusual styles it will interest j„u lQ
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
The SaartMt Soft Hat ol the Seatoa
These Hats have been enthusiast!.
cally received by young men ironi
the very first day we brought them
out. Neither trouble nor expense
has been saved in tho production ot
these goods, as you will cheerfully
acknowledge upon examination.
tM Ctrdevi Strut
The article in lust week's issue under caption "Pennsylvania Child Labor" was taken from Robert Hun.
tor's book "Poverty." That proper
credit was not. given is duo to an
oversight in this office,
A Hnllherg, Oreenwood, B. (!.—
Matter you refer to will not be published in pamphlet form at present.
It Is very good matter, though, and
should be widely read. May be able
to put it in pamphlet later on.
With Pawson, Y.T., and Frederic-
tun, N.B., already in lino, and Edmonton, Alta., taking stops to follow, things look good for the Socialist Party of Canada.
er   vocations—work    which  they are
expected to leave."
The latter part of this statement
is wrong according to Farley, the
most noted stilko breaker und the '
Napoleon of tho army of capitalistic
tyranny. He says, and no doubt
truthfully, that the real foundation
of the anuy of strike-breakers is t0
be found in tha unemployed all
through the country whose necessities and impending hunger drlv«
them to this treason against their
own class.
The military and police un- not Ul
bo relied upon as they formed)
were. Sympathy with ihe claims ol
labor is penetrating the ranks ol die
hired assassins of the working cltm
employed by the capitalists. Local
ties are too strong, but when tlie-
hired strike-breakers are reallj able
to get the work started, the umy
recourse of the union is the. physical
force which so often proves u boomerang.
It will bo noted that universi j
students havo with increasing readiness undertaken tho .work of Benin
and thnt the groat universities al
Yale and Columbia have each ol th-
within recent months contributed
their quota of strike-breakers. It
will bo remembered also thut the
University of California wa^ not
backward in furnishing those willing
to take the place of strikers some
time back and under tho present
conservative and reactionary government of the university would no
doubt   be  ready  again.
This fa t .ihoiibl show tho proletariat dourly that the colleges an
their enemies, that the faculties ol
the colleges ore in leugue with the
parsons to devote all their efforts It
tho maintenance of the present condition of things. There is no Brent-
or oi -m.\ to the working class that,
the so-cniled cultured class.
But how is tho working class le
meet these assaults, which are sp>w
ily rendering the old method of Unim
activity in strikes obsolete and l»
effective. H is evident that tho -a
pitulist has so managed on tho eco-
nomic field of action that he has the
total available industrial force ai
htis disposal, so in the same field ihr
working class must, meet his effort!
with at least the same power ol organization and tho same extent.
material influence. You cannot lich;
a national organization with a local
But the Sociulist, by his struggle
for the possession of tho political
power has the key to the situation
In the lost analysis the possession ol
the executive nnd judicial wings ol
the present so inl organization are
necessary to the capitalist. He run-
not got them without tho repressive
machinery of government, and h'
cannot put the repressive machinerj
into operation without Ihe polili
power. Let the proletariat gain llM
government and the rest is easy. He
can only win political power by ll"
forwarding of the Socialist Revolutionary policy and by straight Mil
uncompromising tactics. — Socialist
In  tho recent  municipal election at
Manitowoc,   Wisconsin,   a   Boclal-De
mOcratic   mayor     and   two  aldermen
were elected,  the former by a majority of 400.     Manitowoc bos a popv
latlon   of   12,000.     At   Racine,   Wisconsin,    throe    Social-Democratic aldermen,   and   three  supervisors wen I
elected.     Aguinst   four  of  these   th»|
Republicans and Democrats combined |
upon one candidate.    Such combinn-
tions   may   be   taken   as   slums   1" I
show which way tho wind blows.
Vancouver Co-Operative Association
532 Westminster Avenue
Positively the Best Bread in the City
Telephone 1734 C. N. Lee, Manager
A Union Shop and Endorsed by tvory Union in Vancouver
IBS Cirtivi tt Wnt,
Vancouver. 8.6.


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