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The Western Clarion Aug 20, 1904

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, August 20, 1904.
subscript ion Prlno
r»» v«a»
Vale Decision Adopted in America With Improvements.
ame of our trade union friends and
sympathizers      howled    most
tily at the time the once famous,
now  well-night    forgotten   Taff
decision was handed down.   We
severely  criticized  because  we
ed to assume the decision a sound
reasonable   construction   of   the
as  it  not only  does but must
id   under  the   rule  of  capitalism,
felt that this decision would be
roved upon, but- are free to con
that the rapid strides being made
bat direction arc positively over
lining, and excite our keenest ad-
ation.   The latest achievement to
to   our    notice is as follows,
we clip from the Chicago Soci-
of August 13th:
The  appellate  court for the  first
rict of Illinois is now the author-
for the law that the open ahop ia
[only lawful or legal ahop that it ia
lible to operate in the   State of
>ois;    that no agreement or con-
can be made which excludes the
it of a proprietor to "acquire pro-
!y"     (and    "labor   is   property")
rever he may desire and that any
agreement is in violation of the
linal code of the State of Illinois,
subjects  the offender  to  a  fine
trc    a. combination    among    the
fking class exists, of not to exceed
and, where threats or intimida-
is only used, to a fine of not ex-
ling $200.
Continuing, the court says:   'If in
future,   any   employer    signs   a
led shop agreement with anion or
(•union   workers,   such   employer
do  so with  the  full  knowledge
he is laying himself liable to the
inal as well as the civil code.' The
submission of a closed   ahop
lent will be criminal, and the
decision places in the hands of the
non-union workers a civil and criminal weapon against the employer or
trade unionists who may desire,
through any agreement, to confine the
employment in any shop to union
The workers who being from
"Missouri" still persist in clinging to
the non-class weapon of unionism,
with its strikes, boycotts, closed shop,
and other paraphrenalia, will have to
be "shown," and we as fervently trust
to capital to show them, as the religious devotee trusts to the Lord for
Perchance by the time the capitalist
state has deprived them of the power
to commit further folly, they may
have acquired sufficient understanding to know the class struggle and
take part in it.
In carrying out their mission of
showing the workers, the courts of
capital are surely marching with
seven league boots.
Between 75,000 and 100,000 men are
affected by the genral lockout order
in New York City which went into
effect last week against unions in the
building trades, which have recently
ordered strikes. About half of the
men locked out are skilled workmen,
the remainder laborers, whose employment depends upon the skilled
Eight hundred and fifty builders'
laborers go on strike in Toronto for
an increase from 25 to 28 cents per
hour. The Bricklayers and Masons'
Union are liable to go out in sympathy. The condition of the labor
market, however, precludes any probability of a lengthy struggle.
It is estimated that over 500,000
men are now on strike, or locked out
because they refuse to submit to
worse conditions, in the United States
Seattle Judge Holds Act of Legislature Invalid.
Seattle, Wash., Aug. 19.—Judge
Bell, in the superior court of King
county, has decided that the eight-
hour law passed by the last legislature
of the State of Washington is void.
This conclusion was announced in an
opinion handed down in the case of
S. Normile, a contractor, against the
Board of Public Works of the City of
Seattle. In this case the contractor
prayed that the city be permanently
enjoined from cancelling a contract it
had with him because he persisted in
working men ten hours a day in violation of the statute, which only
allowed him to work them eight
One more failure is thus charged
to the account of those who foolishly believe that a competitive labor
market can, by legislative enactment,
be made to conform to the wish,
whim or caprice of individuals, either
singly or collectively.
As well attempt to prohibit the purchase of more than three feet of cloth
to the yard, or more than sixteen
ounces of sugar to the pound, as to
prevent the purchase of more than
eight or any other number of hours
of labor time as one day. If the
necessities of a seller of goods are
sufficiently pressing, he may deem it
wise to offer his cloth at the measure
of four feet to the yard, or his sugar
at twenty ounces to the pound. What
a piece of assininity would it not be
to expect any man-made law to prevent purchasers from taking advantage of such an offer, or opportunity.
The futility of attempting any such
feat must, or at least ought to, be
plain to any one who is capable of
reasoning. The much maligned
courts are as a rule capable of seeing
the point. Hence their decisions, almost uniformly in line with the one
quoted. Many a long-eared donkey
will get up on his hind legs and bray
lugubriously over these decisions, but
the court may possess itself with
patience. Better to be logical in reasoning, and consequently sound in
conclusion, than to be frightened into
the wilderness of error by the braying
of asses.
Those who expect, while capitalist
ownership of the means of production
remains intact, to alleviate the condition of the working class by legislative enactment, or any other means,
are as "nutty" as it is possible to be.
Happily, however, the courts are
not thus afflicted.
Government Has Not Enough Prison* to
Hold All the Socialists.
Paul Morton, vice-president of the
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway, has been appointed by Roosevelt
to the office of secretary of the navy.
Morton is also connected with the
Colorado Iron & Fuel Co. The Santa
Fe is the only railway at present on
the unfair list of the American Federation of Labor Gompers should advise his dupes to "grit" their teeth and
vote the democratic humbug crowd
into office at the coming election.
A huge strike is on in the building
trades in New York City. Three
thousand men are already out, with
the prospects that all the workers in
the trades will soon be pulled into it.
Should this occur, fully 120,000 men
will be out, and millions of dollars
worth of improvements will be tied
up. It is declared by the leaders of
both sides that it will be a fight to a
finish. The open shop is the pornt at
After a shutdown of two weeks,
1,500 employees of the three cotton
mills at Sun Cook, N. H., returned to
work under a reduction of I2}4 per
cent, in wages. The Fall River mills
are still closed, with 30,000 operatives
standing out against a similar reduction.
The Socialist Party of Hungary
held its eleventh congress on Easter
Sunday in Budapest. The report of
the executive board contains a condensed review of the many shameful
acts of brutality which the Hungarian government practised on the labor
movement. During the last year 181
Socialist metings have been prohibited. In most cases the police
gave as a reason for such action that
"it did not deem it necessary to have
the peaceable population excited by
an agitator."
A similar course is pursued toward
the Socialist papers. Nepszawa, the
central organ, had to defend itself
against twelve lawsuits. There are
seven more pending. Adeveral, the
Socialist organ in the Roumanian
language, enjoyed eight, and Narodna
Retsch, the Servian organ, 28 lawsuits.
Especially against the farm laborers the government has acted with
the utmost brutality. Since 1808,
when, during the great strike of the
peasant laborers,the soil that had been
tilled by them, drank their blood,
strikes of the farm laborers have been
prohibited. Last year, when another
strike broke out, hundreds of rural
workers were thrown into prison,
while many others were forced to
continue in their work. But notwithstanding all this oppression, thousands of farm laborers took part in
the strike, and about 10,000 of them
secured a raise of ages. A great
number of party members were fined
or imprisoned for "inducing factory
laborers to go on strike." Altogether
the fines amount to about $12,000,
equivalent to 2,583 days' imprisonment. Besides this there were decreed
sentences of imprisonment amounting to thirteen years ana six months.
This does not include the judgments
against those who participated in the
strike of the rural workers; the victims in this case have to suffer at
least 25 years' imprisonment. One
hundred and seventeen Socialists were
told to leave the country. Despite all
this fearful oppression the Socialist
movement in Hungary is gaining
isteadily.—Translated tfrom Sodialis-
tische Monatsheftc.   .
The Volksstimme, the German Socialist organ of Budapesth, has published an article, according to which the
Hungarian government contemplates
a coup d'etat against the Socialists.
The paper says, it is the intention of
the government to have all the members of the party executive board
arrested, the party funds confiscated,
and all trade unions disbanded. The
cabinet is said to be waiting only for
a pretense_to take these steps.
"The government has not enough
prisons to hold all the Socialists," remarks the Volksstimme. Tbe place
of every imprisoned comrade will be
taken by ten others.—The Comrade.
Whenever the interests of the ruling class may be threatened by any
disposition upon the part of the working people to break such rule, the attempt is always made to ward off
such danger by repressive measures.
Such measures always fail of their
purpose by acting as a powerful incentive to increased activity among
the workers along the line of the accomplishment Of that which they
have in view.
The action of the Hungarian government, which is there as in all other
countries merely the executive committee of the ruling class, will only
hasten the day of retribution for the
class whose instrument it is, and the
day of working class deliverance.
Lay on your repressive measures
where you will, ye capitalist rulers
of the earth. It is the most effective
propaganda for Socialism. We welcome it.
lie  materialist conception of his-
starts from the proposition that
' production of the means to sup-
human life and, next to produc-
(I, the exchange of things produc-
is the basis of all social structure;
in every society that has appeared
Iistory, the manner in which wealth
istributed and society divided into
ses or orders, is dependent upon
tt is produced, how it is produced,
how the products are exchanged,
this point of view    the    final
ses Of all social changes and poli-
revolutions are to be sought, not
ten's brains, not in man's better
|ght into eternal truth and justice,
in changes in the modes of pro-
Ition and exchange.    They are to
|sought, not in the philosophy, but
ie  economics of each particular
ch.    The growing perception that
Sting social institutions are unreadable  and unjust, that reason  has
koine unreason, and right wrong, is
Jy proof that in the modes of pro-
Ition  and  exchange  changes  have
Intly  taken place, with which  the
lial  order, adapted to earlier eco-
nic    conditions,  is  no longer    in
iping.    From  this  it  also  follows
t the means of getting rid of the
iongrtiities that have been brought
light, must also be present, in a
re   or   less  developed    condition,
hin the changed modes of produc-
1  themselves.    These    means are
to be invented by deduction from
Submental principles, but are to be
(covered  in  the  stubborn  facts  of
existing system of production.
IvVhat   is,   then,    the     position   of
klern Socialism in this connection?
The  present structure of society—
s i.s now pretty generally conceded
s the creation of the ruling class of
lay, of the bourgeoisie.   The mode
production  peculiar  to  the  bour-
rrisie,   known,  since   Marx,  as   the
Jpitalist mode of production, was in-
mpatible   with   the   feudal   system,
th the privileges it conferred upon
iividuals,   entire   social   ranks   and
cal corporations, as well as with the
rcditary ties of subordination which
nstitutcd the framework of its social
ganirition.   The bourgeoisie broke
1 the feudal system and built upon
1 ruins the capitalist order of society,
e kingdom of free competition, of
rsonal    liberty,    of    the    equality,
fore     the    law,  of all  commodity
yncrs, of all the rest of the capitalist
essings.    Thenceforward   the   capi-
list  mode' of production  could  dc-
ilop in freedom. Since steam, mach-
ery, and the making of machines by
achinery    transformed    the    older
anufacture  into  modern    industry,
ie  productive  forces  evolved  under
ie guidance of the  bourgeoisie  de-
sloped    with a rapidity    and in  a
cgree  unheard of before.    But just
1 the older manufacture, in its time,
id  handicraft, becoming    more de-
tloped under its influence, had come
Mo collision with  the  feudal trammels of  the guilds,  so  now modern
bdustry, in its more complete devel-
pmrnt, comes into collision with the
bunds within which  the capitalistic
Me of production holds it confined.
[he    new    productive    forces    have
Iready    outgrown     the     capitalistic
iode of using them.   And this con-
ict between productive   forces and
■■ ■>>>>>>>>>>>>■   MU ****>■ i***************************
Materialist Conception of History
Fi-om "SockHsn.: Utopian and Scientific" By Frederick Easels.
modes of production is not a conflict:
engendered in the mind of man, like
that between original sin and divine
justice. It exists, in fact, objectively,
outside us, independently of the will
and actions even of the men that
have brought it on. Modern Socialism is nothing but the reflex, in
thought, of this conflict in fact; its
ideal reflection in the minds, first, of
the class directly suffering under it,
the working-class.
Now, in what does this conflict
Before capitalistic production, i. e.,
in the Middle Ages, the system of
petty industry obtained generally,
based upon the private property of
the laborers in their means of production; in the country, the agriculture of the small peasant, freeman or
serf; in the towns, the handicrafts
organized in guilds. The instruments
of labor—land, agricultural implements, the workshop, the tool—were
the instruments of labor of single individuals, adapted for the use of one
worker, and, therefore, of necessity,
small, dwarfish, circumscribed. But,
for this very reason they belonged, as
a rule, to the producer himself. To
concentrate these scattered, limited
means of production, to enlarge them,
to turn them into the powerful levers
of production of the present day—
this was precisely the historic role of
capitalist production and of its upholder, the bourgeoisie. In the fourth
section of "Capital" Marx has explained in detail, how since the fifteenth century this has been historically worked out through the three
phases of simple co-operation, manufacture, and modern industry. But
the bourgeoisie, as is also shown
there, could not transform these puny
means of production into mighty productive forces, without transforming
them, at the same time, from means
of production of the individual into
■ocial means of production only workable by a collectivity of men. The
spinning-wheel, the hand-loom, the
steam hammer, were replaced by the
spinning-machine, the power-loom,
the steam hammer; the individual
workshop, by the factory implying the
co-operation of hundreds and thousands of workmen. In like manner,
production itself changed from a
series of individual into a series of
social acts, and the products from individual to social products. The yarn,
the cloth, the metal articles that now
came out of the factory were the joint
product of many workers, through
whose hands they had successively to
pass before they were ready. No one
person could say of them: "I made
that; this is my product."
But where, in a given society, the
fundamental form of production is
that spontaneous division of labor
which creeps in gradually and not
upon and preconceived plan, there the
products take on the form of commodities, whose    mutual    exchange,
buying and selling, enable the individual producers to satisfy their
manifold wants. And this was the
case in the Middle Ages. The peasant e. g., sold to the artisan agricultural products and bought from him
the products of handicraft. Into this
society of individual producers, of
commodity producers, the new m'ode
of production thrust itself. In the
midst of the old division of labor,
grown up spontaneously and upon
no definite plan, which had governed
the whole of society, now arose division of labor upon a definite plan, as
organized in the factory, side by side
with individual production appeared
■ocial production. The products of
both were sold in the same market,
and, therefore, at prices at least approximately equal. But organization
upon 1 definite plan was stronger than
spontaneous division of labor. The
factories working with the combined
social forces of a collectivity of individuals produced their commodities
far more cheaply than the individual
small producers. Individual production succumbed in one department
after another. Socialized production
revolutionized all the old methods of
production. But its revolutionary
character was, at the same time, so
little, recognized, that it was, on the
contrary, introduced as a means of increasing and developing the production of commodities. When it arose,
it found ready-made, and made liberal
use of, certain machinery for the production and exchange of commodites;
merchants' capital, handicraft, wage-
labor. Socialized production thus introducing itself as a new form of the
production of commodities, it was a
matter of course that under it the old
forms of appropriation remained in
full swing, and were applied to its
products as well.
In the mediaeval stage of evolution
of the production of commodities, the
question as to the owner of the product of labor could not arise. The individual producer, as a rule, had, from
raw material belonging to himself,
and generally his own handiwork,
produced it with his own tools, by the
labor of his own hands or of his
family. There was no need for him
to appropriate the new product, lt
belonged wholly to him, as a matter
of course. His property in the product was, therefore, based upon hit
own labor, liven where external help
was used, this was, as a rule, of little
importance, and very generally was
compensated by something other than
wages. The apprentices and journeymen of the guilds worked less for
board and wages than for education,
in order that they might become
master craftsmen themselves.
Then came the concentration of th(f
means of production and of the producers in large workshops and manufactories, their transformation into
actual socialised means of production
and  socialised producers.     But    the
socialised producers and means of
production and their products were
still treated, after this change, just as
they had been before, i.e., as the
means of production and the products
of individuals. Hitherto, the owner
of the instruments of labour had himself appropriated the product, because
as a rule, it was his own product and
the assistance of others was the exception. Now the owner of the instruments of labour always appropriated to himself the product, although it was no longer his product
but exclusively the product of the
labour of others. Thus, the products
now produced socially were not appropriated by those who had actually
set in motion the means of production
and actually produced the commodities, but by the capitalists. The
means of production, and production
itself, had become in essence socialised. But they were subjected to a
form of appropriation which presupposes the private production of individuals, under which, therefore, every
one owns his own product and brings
it to market. The mode of production is subjected to this form of appropriation, although it abolishes the
conditions upon which the latter rests.
This contradiction, which gives to
the new mode of production its capitalistic character, contains the germ of
the whole of the social antagonisms
of to-day. The greater the mastery
obtained by the new mode of production over all important fields of production and in all manufacturing
countries, the more it reduced individual production to an insignificant resi-
dium, and more clearly was brought
out the incompatibility of socialised
production with capitalistic appropriation.
The first capitalists found, as we
have said, alongside of other form of
labour, wage-labour ready-made for
them on the market. But it was exceptional, complementary, accessory,
transitory wage-labour. The agricultural labourer, though, upon occasion,
he hired himself out by the day, had
a few acres of his own land on whioh
he could at all events live at a pinch.
The guilds were so organised that the
journeyman of to-day became the
master of to-morrow. But all this
changed, as soon as the means of
production became socialised and concentrated in the hands of capitalists.
The means of production, as well as
the product, of the individual producer became more and more worthless;
there was nothing left for him but to
turn wage-worker under the capitalists. Wage-labour, aforetime the exception and accessory, now became
the rule and basis of all production;
aforetime complementary, it now became the sole remaining function of
the worker. The wage-worker for a
time became a wage-worker for life.
The number of these permanent
wage-workers was further enormously
increased by the breaking up of the
feudal system that occurred at the
same time, by the disbanding of the
retainers of the feudal lords, the eviction of the peasants from their homesteads, etc. The separation was made
complete between the means of production concentrated in the hands of
the capitalists on the one side, and the
producers, possessing nothing but
their labor-power, on the other. The
contradiction between socialised production and capitalistic appropriation
manifested itaelf as the antagonism of
proletariat and bourgeoisie.
We have seen that the capitalistic
mode of production thrust its way
into a society of commodity-producers, of individual producers, whose
social bond was the exchange of their
products. But every society, based
upon the production of commodities,
has this peculiarity; that the producers have lost control over their
own social inter-relations. Each man
produces for himself with such means
of production as he may happen to
have, and for such exchange as he
may require to satisfy his remaining
wants. No one knows how. much of
his particular article is coming on the
market, nor how much of it will be
wanted. No one knows whether his
individual product will meet an actual
demand, whether he will be able to
make good his cost of production or
even to sell his commodity at all.
Anarchy reigns in socialized production.
But the production of commodities,
like every other form of production,
has its peculiar, inherent laws inseparable from it; and these laws work,
despite anarchy, in and through
anarchy. They reveal themselves in
the only persistent form of social
inter-relations, i. e., in exchange, and
here they affect the individual producers as compulsory laws of competition. They arc, at first, unknown
to these producers themselves, and
have to be discovered by them gradually and as the result of experience.
They work themselves out, therefore,
independently of the producers, and
in antagonism to them, as inexorable
natural laws of their particular form
of production. The product governs
the producers.
In mediaeval society, especially in
the earlier centuries, production was
essentially directed towards satisfying the wants of the individual. It
satisfied, in the main, only the wants
of the producer and his family. Where
relations of personal dependence existed, as in the country, it also helped
to satisfy the wants of the feudal
lord. In all this there was, therefore,
no exchange; the products, consequently, did not assume the character
of commodities. The family of the
peasant produced almost everything
they wanted: clothes and furniture,
as well as means of subsistence. Only
when it began to produce more than
was sufficient to supply its own wants
and the payments in kind to the feudal
lord, only then did it also produce
commodities. This surplus, thrown
into socialized exchange and offered
for sale, became commodities.
The artisans of the towns, it is true,
had from the first to produce for exchange. But they, also, themselves
supplied the greatest part of their
own individual wants. They had'
gardens and plots of land. They
turned their cattle out into the communal forest, which, also, yielded
them timber and firing. The women
spun flax, wool, and so forth. Production for the purpose of exchange,
production of commodities, was only
in its infancy. Hence, exchange was
restricted, the market narrow, the
methods of production stable; there
was local exclusiveness without, local
unity within; the mark in the country,
in the town the guild.
But with the extension of the production of commodites, and especially
with the introduction of the capitalist
mode of production, hitherto latent,
came into action more openly and
with greater force. The old bonds
wtre loosened, the old exclusive limits
broken through, the producers were
more and more turned into independent, isolated producers of commodities. It became apparent that the production of society at large was ruled
by absence of plan, by accident, by
anarchy; and this anarchy grew to
greater and greater height. But the
chief means by aid of which the capitalist mode of production intensified
this anarchy of socialized production,
was the exact opposite of anarchy. It
was the increasing organization of
production, upon a social basis, in
every individual productive establishment. By this, the old, peaceful,
stable condition of things was ended.
Wherever this organization of production was introduced into a branch
of industry, it brooked no other
method of production by its side. The
field of labor became a battle-ground.
The great geographical discoveries,
and the colonization following upon
them, multiplied markets and quickened the transformation of handicraft
into manufacture. The war did not
simply break out between the individual producers of particular localities. The local struggles begat in
their turn national conflicts, the commercial wars of the seventeenth and
the eighteenth centuries.
Finally, modern industry and the
opening of the world-market made
the struggle universal, and at the same
time gave it an unheard-of virulence.
Advantages in natural or artificial
conditions of production now decide
the'existence or non-existence of individual capitalists, as well as of
whole industries and countries. He
that falls i.s remorselessly cast aside.
It is the Darwinian struggle of the
the animal shrdlu cvmwy vbgkqj jffij
(individual for existence transferred
from Nature to society with intensified violence. The conditions of existence natural to thr animal appear as
the final term of human dcvelooment.
The contradiction between socialized
production and capitalistic appropriation now presents itself as an antagonism between the organization of
production in the individual workshop
and the anarchy of production in
society generally. in i»
5 • ; >   ..
■       '
■!   'I
b Western Met
which to dispose of it becomes r.ar-1 were whipped from the moment they
n>wer. the more fiercely does it boil. went on strike. The condition of the
Nothing can stop it short of placing | !^>'JI}ar,tet cou,d warrant no other)
Published every Saturday moraine, ; ,
1 the interests of the Working Class j L
the products ot labor at the disposal ( ^^
f  they  who  do  the  world's    wort, j difficult    "
aiess the wise counsel of the Soci
alone, by The Western Socialist Pub- I aliaf be deeded, and that purpose be
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effected by intelligent action upon the
part of the working class, the cauldron will boil over in the near future,
and a holocaust, alongside of which
the French Revolution would pale to
insignificance, be recorded upon the
page of history.
paper, it is
Address all communications to
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Vakcocykb, B. C, Accisr to. 1904.
e  condiions     arising     from   tbe
capitalist  system  of exploitation  are
becoming more acute each day.   The
ever-increasing   surplus     of     wealth
taken from tbe toil and sweat oi tbe
workers   is   becoming   of   necessity-
more pronounced  and  brutal  in  demanding a market.    AH pretense of
humanity is being stripped from tbe
masters  of industry  and  commerce,
through the necessity of ever pressing on in the quest for new markets
in which to dispose oi their ill-gotten
plunder.    The    rights  of  individuals
are ruthlessly trodden under toot, and
even the rights of nations are treated
with    contempt,  by the    powers  of
capital, whenever  it  becomes  necessary to further capitalist interests.
The war between Japan and Russia
is a struggle between the ruling
classes oi these countries for posses-,
•mm oi territory over which to exercise the nght 01" plunder. The conquest o: the Philippines by the United
States and the acquisition of Porto
Rico, Hawaii, etc., were not effected
for the purpose ot spreading the light
oi a civilization worthy of the name,
but for tbe purpose of annexing new
territory to the domain of plunder
already held by American capitalists.
The South African war was fought
for a similar purpose in the interests
of   British  ^^^^^^^
proceed to avail themselves, to the
l'uiles: extent, of their opportunities
by herding into their wretched compounds thousands of miserable yellow
slaves from the Orient, while the
stupid dupes who fought their battles
eke out an existence in poverty and
wretchedness in England and her
colonies. In the interest of British
trade the Yoangbasband expedition
pokes its impudent nose into Thibet, j
that its goods may be forced upon a !
So our dear paternal Dominion government is going to do wonders towards promoting tbe fishing industry
of  British Columbia.    Actually going
to hatch out and turn into her waters
twenty-five   or   thirty   million   young
salmon per year.   Well! Well! Won't
that  be  nice?      Especially    for    the
owners of fish    traps  and canneries.
And coming along at this particular
moment is to say the least quite opportune.   Might have a not altogether
unfavorable effect on the coming election.    But of course this is a matter
that  has  never ocurred  to  Mr.   Pre-
fontaine. minister of marine and fisheries, who is now scouting around this
end of the province, presumably for
tbe public good, although some express doubts of it.   Whenever capitalists have a big job on hand they are
not at all averse to accepting aid at
the hands of government In fact they
usually apply for it. and if their application   is  made  loud  enough,  get  it.
The stocking of the waters of British
Columbia   with   young   salmon   is   a
task of some magnitude if the supply
is to be kept up against tbe drain of
the enormous quantity of fish put up
annually  by  the canneries.    It  is  a
matter   that  cannot  be  well   handled
by  anything  less    than   the  government.     If   individual     capitalist  concerns   were   to   engage     in     running
hatcheries for such purpose the young
salmon  turned  into the water would
become the prey of other individuals
or concerns who had been to no expense in the matter.   That the supply
of fish be kept up in the interest of
the cannerymen it becomes necessary
that government take the matter in
hand. But because government comes
he   aid   of  capitalists   when   they
themselves unable to accomplish
ends   alone,   the   workers   need
If they
! conclusion, and however small their
have been, and however
may have been tgc exist
upon it, it stands to reason they could
not successfully resist a reduction in
the face of such conditions. As cruel
as it may appear it nevertheless cannot be gainsaid that the worker is by
no means entitled to a penny in excess
of the amount which the condition of
the labor market determines shall be
his wage. He who would lead him
to believe that he can fix or determine it by going on strike, or by any
other means, is either an ignorant ass
or a designing knave.
The outcome of this Chicago strike
must of necessity be the same as that
of others that are occuring from day
to day. and that outcome is defeat for
the men. The wage will come down
in spite of everything they may do to
prevent it. if there be a surplus of
labor in the market. That such surplus does exist, and that it is of huge
proportions everyone knows. In the
face of such surplus the men cannot
win. Every penny spent in the effort
is so much taken from the already-
meagre earnings of labor, and absolutely wasted
There is but one line to follow
There is but one road to travel if the
workers would relieve themselves of
the terrible consciences of the present system. The system must be
overturned, and in its place erected a
workers' commonwealth under which
Labor shall be free to feed, clothe
and shelter itself, and no longer he
held and exploited as merchandise in
the market.
However large an undertaking, it
may appear tp be, to effect the transformation from capitalist property in
the means of production, and wage
slavery, to community or working
class property and freedom, it is
nevertheless the shortest cut to
"better conditions." There
better    conditions
lily  it  as   the  spot   to  hold
tions for all time to come.
bership of the Kootenay locals, mak-'
iiu' them equal at least in numbers,!
to the comrades on the coast.
I he claims of Victoria for this!
convention, if a coast point mu-t be,
se.ected. arc also worthy of the ear-
consideration of the party.        ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Vancouver's  advantage*   Krcat  and ' aHeT*KTerr t-0"1 of liK Socialist Party or B. C
,.- .-v .»* ,k... —.     u    l i_       1 .   should run a card under this head
many as they may be for the place 01 j month.    BegcUrig ntog vote.
convention, are not sufficient to qua-! -    . ,. ———.  _ . . -   _ .     „    . -——=-——_
conven i S<>c.«bft Pa**y «* Bridal. Columbia.  United   BToth^rh^f^rC^
Headquarters,    Vancouver,    B.    C.      and   Joiners     M«.°    C,rP«
rule of capital.
workers under the ,uic or c
When we say the workers, we mean
the entire class. Individuals, or
bunches of them, may from time to
time succeed in gaining some advantage or concession. The average condition mnst inevitably sink to a lower
o  long as  a  surplus  of labor
The  surplus of labor in
must  continually
Just another criticism before I close. \
"W. S." thinks that  too much  space |
has been occupied by individual effu-1
sions in the Clarion on party matters,
and thinks the only legitimate place'
to   hold   such   discussions   is   on   the
floor of the local.   1 have always supposed that one of the main functions
of a party organ was to allow of the
discussion of tactics and program so
that   when  action  was  taken   by  the
party as a whole, either through ,-efer-
endum  or  convention,    such    action
should be intelligent and truly representative.
To debar the expression of individual ideas in the press, because such
ideas have not the complete adhesion (
of the majority of the local to which
the comrade belongs, would be to
stop education and progress in our
own ranks. No one individual is infallible, and the only way to find the
truth and sift out error, is by discussion and criticism.
Freedom of speech is just as much
a necessity inside the Socialist movement as in the    government
state. B
Any letter from a party member
written on a subject of interest to the
movement, if it is brief and to the
point, should be deemed worthy of
The good sense of the party membership can be surely trusted to
decide what is not beneficial to the
party as a whole.
Provincial executive committee: A.
R. Stebbings, John Dubberly, L. T.
English. R. P. Pettipiece, E. T.
Kingsley. Vancouver; O. Lee Charlton, Victoria; E. S. Embree, Greenwood. Ernest Burns, treasurer; B. j
Merrill-Bums, secretary, Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vancouver, S. P. of B. C, No. 1. j
Business meetings every Wednes-1
day evening at 8 p. m. at headquarters, Ingleside Block (room 1, 2nd
floor) 313 Cambie street Educational meetings every Sunday evening in Oddfellows' hall (3rd floor),
Sullivan block, Cordova street.
Secretary: O. P. Mills, box 836,
hall, Room
K,1 K2?.w#N*W'ii;pl
rv* • 2 ,■ Pre,'dent.
rurn: reiord"»kT secretary \LT%
Chaplin,    2820    Manitoba     H^f
Delegates to Building TraH,. rH
cl:     P.   McMurdo,    ,nd   ^
alternate, Creenwell    an.i
Delegates to T. &  L   C
D.   Dobbin,    J.   MeLam     ,
W. F,
*   "J""'   UnionTrirJ
M.    Meets   tvtrv «,,   ,*J
in Union hall. WgS
*. Ernest   «ilfc*J2S
of the
Gasoline Launch. Length over all
24 ft. by 7 foot beam. Engine 1 1-2
horse power. Engine new. Boat been
in water 6 months. Will sell engine
or boat separately if desired.
Enquire of Western Clarion,
P. O. Box 836.        313 Cambie St.,
Phoettia Trade, and Labor Coma
Meets    every    alternate VuT|
John  Riordan. presiden'; {^J
Brown, vice-president     p   u ^>
casse serceant-at-arm>; W Hi
bury, secrTtary-treasorer
198, Phoenix, B. C
_      the
increase in
magnitude   so   long  a-   improvement
exponents of democracy we
should above ail things be consistent.
To shut off discussion or apply the
gag-rule would be to strike at a fundamental principle the party claims
to uphold—that of democracy.
Yours fraternally,
their ^^^^^^^
not expect like consideration.
along the line of industry continue*
n!i^ 1 * fUti,C tffom J* a«°°-
Phsh the impossible cease. Let the
expenditure of energy ,a these hopeless attempts to overrule the rnercL'eTs J 	
,aDc4 witn^usH; * *n -*■[*■at:zeRi'A,iiaace-becM*e he *»
^J^ap^Ses^l*^^   Poss.".sed ol *—'edge which would
Michael O'Connell. the deposed city
rnarshall of Victor, Colorado, met his
death  in   Denver on   August 6th.  befalling from  the  fourth  story of the
Markham  hotel.     It  is  being  openly
charged  thit  men  familiar  with   the
troubles at Victor that his death was ;
not due to accident, but that he wasi
murdered   by   some paid   assassin  of)
the  Vine  Owners'    Association    and |
Pass into the High School or did you
fail? Well, it makes no difference to
ns. In either case, you are far enough
advanced for business life. An old
millionaire once said: "'Any youagster
who goes through Grammar School
and enters a business office young, is
bound to become rich and successful,
if there is work and ambition in him.
because by the time he is 20 years old
and in possession of all his mental
faculties, he is well versed in business."
If you go to Vogel's you are sure of
a position as soon as you can do the
Va»cwrver, B. C.
hnd   themselves
unable to secure a
job. or in case of finding one unable
to realize enough out of it to live
upon, they need not apply to government for aid. The present governments belong to the capitalists of the
world. Under them only capitalists
are entitled to protection, onl;
have a right to expect it.
If the workers expect anything
beneficial at the hands of government
they must first get one of their own.
strugShTtandKtheam^e of Se class"  SOCIALIST    PARTY  OF B. C.
weapon of political   action   for   the _, «TrnDt-
overthrow of capitalist role. rLA I rUKIrl
Down with wage slavery.   On to the 	
freedom of Labor. •    We^ ^ c^o,^ p^ ^ Brititnj
Columbia,  in  convention  assembled,:
affirm onr allegiance to and support
: of the principles and program of the
The Maest Later fas* ia
Clarion.-ln    Iast    wfekf jmternational    revolutionary  working
L-^ ,,   W,; S    «WW*s    at   great : class.
SSff P-ted'co^detS^^U.i^ **~ ■»•*!*. -d J
c«mg   Gr,„d   ForkfLf J^ | ^owne?^.^  ^    ^!
Always « fearlesss exponent in the
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will be
sent to any address for one year.
Workiogmtn of all countries will
soon recognize the fact that they
must support and read their labor
Issued every Friday.
Ik Voice riMis^ (X Limited
Phoenix     Miners'   Union    M.
W. F. M.    Meet. Tv?"1 &L
evening at 7.30 o'clock   , u-
hall.   Wm. ItlmSISLbm?
Riordan, secretary.
nsmaimo Kinera' Unioa^ Mo7,„ 1
F. M    meets every third Sen*
from July 2.   Alfred Andrew,
ident; Jonathan    Iiherwood p"
Box 259. Nanaimo,  B.  C, rearf
ing secretary. "
The   International   Brotherhood
Electrical Worker..-Local No.,
Meets  second  and  fourth   Than
day, at I. B. E. W. Hall. Room ]
Ingleside      Block.     President
Dillabough;     recording    secretartl
Geo P. Farr; financial secretary a|
H. Sellar.    Address all communiJ
turns  to  the   hall.   All   sojowniJ
brethren cordially invited
Tbe only Affrirattural lii*:
Published ia B. C.
weekly tl.ll per Yctr.
Drawer If4
Vktatta, lt|
After Sept  15, 1904 wibscnpttOD pner wit! be 11
A Socialist Review of Review!
THAT'S what The CIMRAOC IS now!
Contains a monthly digest of the *hriil
Socialist press, American and foreigo;[
Quotes the utterances of several Iiunditd
papers on all questions that interest Socialists.   The ideal paper (or th* him
Socialist.   The best magazine for the Socialist who doesn't like to mis<s «nythio|
of importance — cartoons—portraits-
Ratfaced Is SO Cam a *cir.
Send a club of 5 and get Thh Com am I
free for one year. 1
Csartit Ci mwmjhs Ca., li Caassr St., 1.1|
means of wealth
..     ~        —-!-——«■    -mu'   —    «»ua ui mi    means ot wealth' w*. wren   o      . .
a    annnal    convention of the; production belong,   the   prwfadtof1    iS^aMS^5   ^P^tative   in
As one ot the guilty parties, '^f-   The preaent econoink^SUmi    fsSaSa^Sa? ^5^ to n^
a»y dissent from some of «W.  » *"* "Pon capitals ownerahhTof i    hushE? fe.^»U established
Chicago. Aug. 18.—Tbe fiercest riot
of the stockvard* strike occurred tonight,  when'hungry  dwellers   in  the| ■,3r,v   coltld   P2**
weak,   inoffensive     and     unoffending j P?^ki??Jh™?e ?*?« »ou*,,t_to «M     •-■'"m "' '     y
people, and their territory be thus
added to the rield of British plunder.
Belgian atrocities upon the natives 0:
the Congo are forcing it- victims to
open  revolt.    The   same  has  alrcady
I natura.,, msseni trom some of «W. !»■■«•■ «Pon capitalist ownership of
If Comrade Kerr's letter was indis-; ST"*0" ■? *■  Products  of  labor
creet. the best way to see that it dirt   ?!k?n* to the «***»!«*.   The capital-1
no particular harm was to give it the I    0" ""*"'' ** WOrker b •*"*.      J
"ght ot publicity so that the wh '-      ^ 1<m* *• *« capitalists remain in
judgment   on   iu SS^IilS.°£ 2! rdn? £*   «<>vern-,
ment all the powers of the state wiU
business house of solid financial standing     Salary |si with expenses ad
Tit Besl la lit WtrM
Mail ns 15 Royal Crown Soap Wrappers, and in return we will mail a Be*i-
tirul picture, size i6xjo; or for 1; wrappers your choice of over 100 books. Drop
asajjost card asking for a catalogue of
Sui^ check direct   P«nuums to be ha3 FREE for "Row
^mfey*   E*I*»«««dvauc-;Cro'ra Soap Wrappers.   Address
630 Monon Bldg.. Chicago "'
:re arid  kill eight steers which  had.'     The   Executive   Committee   nrint,H ■ ^
escaped   from   the  yards..   The  mob|«U   communicaiionr""'--   ?n^ed: Property
be used to protect and defend their
property   rights   in   the   means   of
received   dealing ' wealth production and their control
«o   persons     and    the   «th this subject, including one from   of the pVodnct of later I
cleared,  only  after   2o\ Vancouver L->cal.    If letters had been      - '
numbered    4.000 _^^_^^_^^^^^^^^s*a»***««*»»*»s*l
-treet=   were        , ..  UKI   Mi  -• •*»«»»■   " letters had been I    The capitalist system gives to the,
police in five squads, had charged •■^«>ved from other locals stating their capitalist an ever-swelling stream of;
the rioter* on four sides. Shots were! c'a'ms. in all probability they would profita. and to the worker an ever-m-t
fired and scores of rioters were club-! hiVC rec"ved the same treatment.      ! "e*"m« mta*an « misery and deg-
, bed.    A   bullet  grazed   the  cheek  of       Had  tiif   KtTT  s»«ement   ben   pri-   r*d*t*<m*^	
As the market of   Police Lieutenant Prime, and a police   vatf!>* received and privately handed      The mterest of tne working   class
i-, ,. .;..-.. .:. , ,,     »-,,„„, »as „r:nwH nt ».;« ,. -•' an.ung among    members who might   -,e* '"  the direction of settmg itself
the world becomes more thorouehlv   .ereeant was ^n- ( ^ ^ •« ™a   ^    inflnfnced to vo:e   free from capitalist    exploitation by!
originally    intended I ^L^jSfe?1 *■ *»«e ******   To
c-ccurred  under  the   rule  of German f
robbers in Africa.
rrr  statement   ben   pri-
a police   vately received  and privately handed
thoroughly   sergeant was stripped of his"star and, """"« amrt"?    m« ""
covered bv the great capitalist nations ! dub b^ * woma"■    0" man W3' J°   SbeV tfSl  thev
.,      • , severely battered that he was sent to   "«"er  man        >
the   struggle  between   them   becomes I -  1 -. . •   —
eir     warships
BO"   The temper of the
quarters   of  the  gi. -be. j however,  when  a
police was shown.! '"hbying might have been made with
call  for  reinforce-' *orne show of justice.    There can bi-
thus     strut   about   like | ment* was »"*«"ed bv a n-.imber of] n.°Juspicio? °' tt.l",,le '"fiuence when
the     teeth,     they! Pa!ro!   wa?°n*.   followed   by   an   am-jcver.v member of  the
more   fierce.
swarm  in  all
and   as   thcy
rurfians,   armed   to
become     entirely     oblivious   of   the
rights of other and weaker ones, each j
respecting  the   rights   only   of   those '
tqnally   well  armed   and   equally  an-1
The  great  commercial    nations  ofj'hose  who  possess
today are but vast armed camps, each | nver  prices.      i    .;
.... _w»**uu v» viic .nsge system.   To'
hospital     Few arrests  were madej }"■   a"   —anonT of'Tog'-rolling   or \ESg+ ^^5*^*" *• ""-
the nnln-o  ■»•«   »•■' 	
j btilance.     In   no   previous
j clubs used so freely.
were; l!'r sauie information as that sent to
engaged   in   increasing  its i involved in these
holding its working  class
tion  to plunder,    and
opportunity     to
nee    more  is  the    utter
shown,   of   men     without 	
power attempting to stand up against j	
mmittec.    In  fact  these
have a distinct advantage.
as it enables the membership to vote
—    intelligently  on   the
formation of capitalist property in
tbe means of wealth production into:
collective or working-class property.;
The irrepressible conflict of inter-;
ests between the capitalist and the.
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power!
of government—the capitalist tot
hold; the worker to secure it by poll- j
u ■»..—    1*1.1-  ;_*■--•
■ ..v.j  ..uriiM-er  01  tne party is give
) the same inf'i
B*|pM     j Executive  Co
J statements
.   j more „.—
' "ider discussion.     It is my  opinion J    Therefore, we caU upon all workers
an individual opir.on only—that each  to organize under the banner of the|
a  struggle,' local nominating a place for convert-   Socialist Party of British Columbia,.
i«  nothing! 'ion should state in writing, for publi- 'with    the object of conquering the
struggles "excepting: cation, the advantages of its selection jpnblicj>owers for the purpose of set-
 -^-^—■»»—i»»»---^a»»»»»»»» .... I over other localities    named.    When
for the double purpose of   the matter of the price of labor power., men anj nomjnatcd {or pub,jc    office
-    *       in subjec-   is plainly  seen.    Xo possessor of a | We do not hesitate to discuss tbe a
defending it,  commodity  upon  the  sale  of  which J pective merits of the candidates ami \n\^f^ff^ |j~rrTft
dispose    of    such I he is forced  to depend  in  order to; the pnncples they represent. j ^S of weafthTodnSonTnat.
munder in the world's  markets obtain his next meal, can long haggle! ,  Should Comrade Kerr have commit-jnral  je^,,,^  f^tories,  mills,
plunder  in tne  \\>rias  markets.. »      »*    j tf<- a s,n In Jaymg so much stress on   ____   -j-x    •--     -•
It goes without    saying    that  the   ovfr -he price he is to receive.   Only; the necessity of holding the conven-1     ** ^^"
wretchedness and misery accruing to j he who has    means at his romir»n<ll .:..-    :-    *•-    ■     Forks.    ' W.  S" is!
when he says "the
I under  discussion. ' „ V™  SI" l****™ ™" '". *e <*» «S«»
—- ,—r^~. v.. •siting up and enforcing the economic
; program of the working class, as fol
saying    that   the   °ver the price he is to receive
lisery accruing to j he who has    means at hi
the plundered working class under the j upon which to exist in the meantime
present capitalist regime, is breeding j can successfully hold ont in  such
an    ocean  of unrest and  discontent I contest.    That    the
which must some day burst forth into | works
perhaps    violent  and   drasti
trs    are   without
commandj tion    in    Grand
equally at fault      _.
only logical place to hold convention
:s in Vancouver.    This is probably as
point   as   could   be   found.
triking    meat
the means to
ttc **
tic  action, j sustain themselves while standing »•■»i     i, j
This unrest and discontent is becom- J kr the price they dem^e^  mzV L'tSl.'SBr LtS
mg more m evidence from day today  Pointed  out  by  the  above    circum-  convention as clearly as anyone  Tnis
in  every capitalist country on earth, j stance, or happening.    On strike but   'OCaI pnde does not blind ">« 'o the
continually calling forth, at the hands   a few weeks and their resources so I t~ uu u" ,hc pa"y COnvent'ons so
of  the   ruling   class,   more  arbitrary j completely  exhansted  that   they  are1'^' '       ^^ '" ""* C"y- an<1
and repressive measures.    Instead of forced by hunger to attempt- to seize
the desired effect, however, these tend   hy  force   the   (bod   they   see   within
only to aggravate the  situation  and j'heir reach.      And  yet we are  told
increase the discontent. j through   alleged   interviews  with   the
The    capitalist    cauldron is indeed \Sl '"ders  and   others   interested
boilinr   As the surplus to be disposed 11, *L !he   procPcc,s  of  winning    the
of becomes larger, and the market in |£Eer  ".haf^se LtrSate'me'u
that on only one occasion has a single
up-country delegate been present at
its deliberations. A convention held
in  the interior    with only a  scanty j;
ways, etc), into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organ-;
ixation and management of industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, ss speedily j
as possible, of production for use in.
lieu of production for profit
The Socialist Party, when in office.
ahaU always and eveiywheie until
the present system is abolished, make
the answer to this question its guiding rule of conduct: Win this legislation advance the interest of the
working class and aid the workers ia
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist Party is
for it; if it wiU not the Socialist Party
Every   phase   of   the   Typographic   Art   is
known and practiced in the  job department.
♦♦ »
ww ■ ej vssfss/assjejasjsf ^
Tie Western Clarion
The Only   Ubor Paper „ British Columbia
tsa HI
Vssctmr, I. C.
United Hatters oMforth America
»■>•  i» absolutely oposed ~to~"it
coast delegation present would be no I    »_   	
greater hardship than that which has
been bome by our interior comrades
on at least three successive occasions.
Within the last few months there
has been a large increase in the tncm-
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in ha hands in such a manner as to
promote the interest of the working
class alone.
thaJ the r^U aret,boyin« » FUR HAT see to it
a retailer h«'?LUn,,°? ,Ubel is "™° in !t 2
offers t« „-»n ,OD"e ,aJ*U in hi» Possession and
tze biti Pi'on* Jn * •»' f°r you. do not patron-
erfe*T rC0iJ ,a.be,sT;n retiil stores are conn-
on four e£e«8en°m? Union Label '* perforated
starnu rf '. SSS1' th« ^' »» » postage
thre?0f theJXrfe,t5 *ie so«*times perforated on
Keen » <£ ^?"l and someUmes only on two.
John B c.h,"P I°2lco,lt f°«- «he counterfeits. The
■35  concern0" C°' °f "•««»«>?«•. P», «■ a ^~
EStIM ??SITT' PrCsiden{' °"»*e' * J i
\-V/^/ -
The Woman in the Case
«Continued  from  Last  Week.)
*V»«hing  and  cooking  and  sewing
nil be 'lone far better in o-Oper-
|ve establishments, where skill and
and  science  are applied  for  the
rpo.se  ol   doing  the  best   possible
Irk. and  where    cheap    labor and
(iddy  appliances   are   not   used   >n
Ji-r to pile up profits. Woman will
irk in these  co-operative  establi; u-
Ints, and as there will be no idlerr
||ive off her labor, she will have the
value of  what she  produces.
hours'  labor each  day  will  pro-
■r nil nniple income for all her liv-
If she wants more than a living,
111  all  the  fulness implied  by the
si,  lite  may   work  a  little   longer,
|i  to (he  extent of supporting a
try    like  a  lazy    husband,  if she
isi-s to do so, and if the new com-
iwesltli  has  any Mich  within  its
kid*.    Her  work in  these  institu-
\» would be educative and social;
oiild  develop  her  both   mentally
[.physically  and make  hei   tit
I exercise of the maternal hint    .
|n  prompted  by nature  thereto.
food laboratories, where ch*m-
[and hygienic knowledge is applied •
I he    preparation of  wholesome,
tilive    and     attractive     food;   in
iitilic laundries, where clothes may '
fnstantly cleansed by the applies- j
of electrified  water;  in   rlepart-
ts of drapery and clothing, ,   icte
principles  of art and  utility arc
|iglit to bear upon the problem pf
ling the people, women  may s*
hi  the beauties and advantages     I
^perative-social-labor      that      (
nan who makes her own bread >.
her own sewing or washing .it
le alone, will soon be as rare as
[man who makes his own shoes,
Ihe pick with which he digs up
(her Earth.
Indergartens,       those       beautiful
Jens where now only the children
lie rich or well-to-do'arc permit-
lo blossom and gro V, -mH creche;
the    care    of    ba't ies    may    br
Wished  on   every  s'reet.    There
pittle ones may be . ii  ra      day
the mother performs hi:   -hare
e public service.    Other  women,
imably the child-Jovers b'   ";re
serve  in   these    child-fc.?.; lens.
riunity  will  be given  for   ekce
iduality  to  find  its proper bcr'
-to  do  the   work  that  will   giv
joy in the doing.
ready  in   France    the    Socialist
icipal councils have introduced a
|ber  of measures  of relief    into
ingmen's     homes     with     great
ss.   School books are free; meals
rovided for school children; sani-
homes are attainable at a  nom-
rent, and a fund has been estab-
p for the at least partial support
others during childbirth, demoii-
ng the Socialist theory that she
bears and rears citizens performs
as important service for society
or she who does the work of
,'orld   or   produces  the   art ^nd
y of the world, and should in all
e be honorably supported in the
nuance of that duty to society.
other important measure of relief
jonien might be brought about by
municipalization  of the    medical
ice.    The women of the  working
of Vancouver live in a state of
st over the fee charged for inetli-
ervice,    When the doctor brings
y he charges twenty-five dollars.
the nurse who waits on the new j
»l nets fifteen dollars a week for|
services.    I   am   not    saying  the
is not worth the money, but to
average   workingman's    income
sum represents a percentage that
babies   a   luxury    not   to  be
:ly indulged in.
little boy in Vancouver suffering
a disease  of  the eyes  was  ex-
lented on for six months by one
able physician, who charged the
ts fifty dollars for proving what
ln't know about the case.   They
liim to another equally reputable
ician,  who  stated  that  he  could
the child, but demanded a fee of
ly-live    dollars    laid    down    in
nee before undertaking to do so.
liat little  boy  becomes  perman-
blind it will be because the love
in and not the love of science or
nity prompted those men to the
of medicine.    Under a 'decent
m in society, in which intelligent
en were active factors, the object
e stuuy of medicine would be to
fit the human race—not to make
nes   for   speculators in human
ith mothers as well as fathers
kg in municipal councils, it might
>e considered beneath the dignity
ie common parent to consider
claims of human life as against
claims of those who thrive by
d and graft. The care of orphan
ren and sick unfortunates would
be left to the    whim of an idle
who by reason of a few paltry
tions are permitted to play god,
beneficently mismanage concerns
properly belong to the whole
nthcrhood means more than
^rhood and costs more to achieve.
filism recognizes this fact and
:  provide  opportunity    for    the
Ier wit to express itself in. the
s of the state. Unless the
iers arc ready and equal to the
riunity in intelligence and fore-
, of what avail is it to their
dy a mother can properly sym-
ize with the "growing pains" of
developing youth, and women should
have an equal voice with men in the
management of all our educational
institutions. T ihat end they should
be interested au^ inform cu on world
events as well as on city or village
happening-, >n foreign affairs as well
as domestic dttle; on matters of state
as well as on matters of stewing and
brewing; i:i the remaking of society
is well as in the making over of
father'- pantaloons for young Johnny;
in the moulding of public opinion as
well . s in the moulding of loaves of
bread; in cleaning -.lie door-yards of
civilization ns well as in brushing
the litter from I.er own little premises. She Ii.- waited a long tm« for
man to do these things for her. It is
time  six   -rifiK a  hand  herself.
Socia' sui will ii store to labor the
dignity it 'ias been stid to possess,
and remove the mcessity for s,i ornament >1 i h.nam in in many a home
whne I ■ is now kept solely that it
mav i t he c'isperteil the mistress
"do- , her own work." Honest toil
is lot a libvrace. although the world
treat- if toiler* as though it were.
A great many women today, even
women of the working class, have a
conviction that it is nobler—and nicer
- '< get a living by fastening like a
li-cc. to the back of some other indi-
vidu;. than it is to share in the pro-
ilurtiw iabor n< ssary for the main-
te-nane ■ of mankind. This conviction ii' se in the first place, I believe,
From tl i' fact that woman's first, and
fur • ii years her only means of
earn11 g, w..s by doing for some
woni n wh.-.t that woman was too
laz;, or toe fastidious to do for her-
self. Such .service had in it the element of disgrace. Useless toil, or
S"-vice    that     debase    another    dis-
.orable, but to do useful work for
tne whole people or reciprocal service
foi one another, or to produce things
fiat may iuake the social life more
wholesome, pleasant and beautiful, is
and must be the highest honor to any
human creature. Women will only
earn this trutli by becoming a factor
in the national life as well as in the
home  life.
Wfmt woman may do for Socialism
is infinite. Look what she has done
and continues to do for the church,
an institution which, %L is- Kenerally
conceded, owes its survival and supremacy almost woolly to the devotion
>f woman. In 1885 Helen Gardener
quote:-  a   clergyman  as   follows:
'Now woman's whole energy and
ce of r.ction (outside the family)
1 st be, expended upon religion. If
she were allowed other fields of
action or though*, her energy, Ijke
that of man, uould be .withdrawn
ff cripple the church."
Tiie nnrch has b'uilded itself on
woman's sentiment, on her devotipn
and her passion for service—for
public, human service which is denied
outlet in other directions. Her sentimental love for a divine redeemer,
whose proxy i. sometimes found in a
good-looktnp firsbn. would suffer no
loss by being transferred to the
humanity ...a. found its Godhood expressed in Him. Her devotion cannot
b' better applied than to the cause
that fully promoted, will make it possible for every human being to obey
the golden rule. Ihat will benefit all,
and by taking away , he premium from
vice, and placin it upon virtue, will
restore a lost Eden to the e.irth. Her
passion ro- »r\ ice may find ample
outlet in ! ■■'• ng men and women to
secure jttbi • Foi themselves and
those that shall follow after, in reconstructing the ial order so that
men may live righteon ly upon the
earth that now 1 A .---•ven in the
future can ne 1 a'ton'e -io the dwarfed
and crippled nl for its lack of
opportunity        develop, in  this life.
When won 11 of the working class
cease to perm't God to be made
responsible foi 'he crimes of capitalism, and begin to call man to account
for the h.ilot rc possesses and uses
in behalf < f hi- master's wife and his
master's children, instead of in the
interest of I is own, then and then
only may w hope to' have Socialism
applied to the distribution of wealth
as well as ito it, production—Socialism in its fit. est conception and in a
present tense.
In the Socialism of propaganda
there arc many things woman may
do. In the home she can cultivate
and encourage Socialist ideas and
ideals. In the school, if she happen
to be a teacher, she can cease perpetuating the folly that makes the
members of the working class believe
it an heaven-ordained law that
another class shall rule over them
and profit by their labor in subjection; she can teach the sacredness of
life rather than the sact-dness of property, she can remove the dollar mark
from success ant* show that the successful man is he who mosl largely
promotes the happiness of all. In the
factory or the .shop she '•an promote
the doctrine of working 1 lass solidarity, she can interpret the profit
system, with its shoddy substitutes
for the real, and its appalling disregard
for human safety or well-being, lo
those whose eyes are yet holden to
the law of competitive necessity.
Among organized workers she may
stand shoulder to shoulder, and her
empty hands may push forward the
troops that hear the ballot with which
the final victory shall be won.
All this and more she may do, if she
will. And already, among the few,
here and there throughout the international boundaries Ot the oScialisi
movement, prophetic action has been
taken, that leads to » triumphant
faith in the ultimate /wakening of
woman as a class to her nce(l Pf redemption through Sociali.iv11- and the
mission to which Socialist." lOVitea
her labor and love.
Socialist Party of B. C.
From Executive Headquarters
The Provincial Kxecutive Committee met at headquarters on, the
evening of August 16th. Present: J.
E, Dnbberly, li. Bums, E. T. Kings-
ley and the secretary.
Comrade Kingsley was nominated
for chairman, and the usual order of
business observed.
A large batch of corrfspondrm-c
received the attention of the committee, The chief business arising
therefrom related to the engagement
of speakers from the U. S. Party
wlvosr services have lately been offered. It was decided to defer definite
action in regard to dates for Walter
Thomas Mills until terms could be
secured from him. In the meantime,
if possible, a few coast dates will be
asigned to George Goebel, national
organizer for the U. S. Party, during
his tour of the west in 'the immediate
The secretary presented a bill for
$2.50 (stamps and new ledger) and
asked fur a fresh supply of stationery.
So ordered.
The treasurer rep irted $27.25 receipts since last meeting, and $10.00
Walter Lohrentz, chairman Central
City Committee, South Bend, Washington, sends for a copy of the S. P.
of B. C. platform, and says:
"Comrade Osborne, the blind orator,
called my attention to your platform,
and from what he tells me, I believe
it to be one of the best platforms ever
* *   *
Victoria Local suggests that the
Provincial Executive Committee
should start a fund, derived from
dues, for the purpose of paying all
travelling expenses of delegates to
annual conventions. A glance' over
the last half-yearly report, published
in a recent issue of the Clarion, will
at once show the impossibility of putting such a suggestion into effect.
The dues-paying Socialists are too
few, as yet, though the near approach
of a political campaign is causing
Socialist stock to rise in the market,
and members are coming in rapidly.
All the j ear propaganda is what we
* *   *
George H. Goebel, national organizer and lecturer for the U. S. Party,
will probably fill a few British Columbia date.^ on the coast, during the next
few weeks. He is one of the most
highly recommended of the Socialist
speakers now in the field. A working-
man himself, he represents the
worker's political party in an effective
and convincing manner.
* *   *
Victoria Local will place a candidate  in   the  field  for  the  Dominion
* *   »
Northficld comrades are getting into
harness again, although their nomination of Nanaimo for place of convention came in too late to be counted in.
* *   *
Van Anda has gathered her forces
and made preparation to hold the
fort and supply the munitions of war
fur the "boys in front' ' during the
next campaign.
* *    *
Nelson Local reports progress and
cviiues    an    interest in the    political
aspect of the Party affairs.
* *   +
Walter Thomas Mills, of the ln-
duslrial School of Social Economy,
anil author of "The Struggle for Existence," has offered to give a few
lectures in Brit ih Columbia during
September. Locals desiring his services sheiuld immediately correspond
with the  Provincial Secretary.
From Nanaimo.
The labor market in usual state of
semi-collapse. A few days ago the
foreman of a local job threw his
hands up, then hid in the bush when
after he had turned 00 men away he
saw three more coming with ''job
wanted"  written  all over their face.
The usual scran among "taxpayers"
for a share of .the <-ity gutter cleaning.
An old worker refused to compete
for a job as grave-digger because he
thought he had no pull.
A worker named William Woods
was killed on the Extension line on
Saturday, the 13th, and Victor Celee,
an Extension miner, lies between life
and death in Nanaimo hospital as a
result of injuries received in the
mines a day or so previously.
The Free Press, with a tenacious
optimism, is patiently awaiting the
arrival of prosperity, while the Herald, the official organ of the Inde-
pendent-Labor-Libcral Party, seems
to occupy about the same position in
the estimation of its staff as its program does with the workers of the
locality. First, the newly imported
monoline man pulled out, omitting the
little formality of saying good-bye;
then the foreman took a fancy for the
Edmonton country, and now the
editor has jumped his job. On leaving, the monoline man set up the
in   IS.
"It's a joy and a revel
To work like the devif
As long as my health wiTf permit,"
etc;  which would indicate that there
is something of the sweatsheip about
the "official organ" establishment.
A Mr. A. C. Thompson, proprietor
of an alleged newspaper in Lady-
smith, bridges the gulf between the
goings and comings on the Herald
EdftPr Western Clarion,—The Socialist picnic held at Goldstrcam (12
miles by train from Victoria), last
Sunday was a huge success. Upwards
of sixty men, women and children
took the early morning train for the
scene of jollification and respite from
the toil of the week, and every
mother's son and daughter of them
were directly or indirectly connected
with the local movement. The time
was passed very profitably, many
taking advantage of the day by a
thorough good loaf, some by a good
day's snooze, others by reading the
latest doings in the international
movement) while there were still
others who wandered by the stream,
over the hill, or
"Going down  the shady lane
With my baby mine."
The two square meals so ably put
up by our good women comrades were
simply "out of sight," and literally
so when devoured by the merry
crowd of young and old. And the
ice cream was just simply "way up
in G." And was there any of it left
after all had been served? Well, ask
me something easy. There were 110
intoxicating liquors drunk on "our
premises," but I learn that a certain
local "pure and simple" union, holding their picnic the same day, a few
miles from us, imbibed a little too
freely of the "fire water," with the
result that many of the "pure and
simplers" were carried off their feet.
The sober ones in the crowd tied the
inebriated ones to trees until they
recovered their sober senses. What a
pity that with their returning consciousness they could not also become
conscious of their class interest. Not
until some future day when the economic pressure bears down keenly
upon them will they awake to the consciousness and be born anew.
After a day's thorough rest and
enjoyment we arrived in town by the
evening train, just in time to attend
the regular propaganda meeting,
where Comrades Watters, Charlton
and Reay were hammering away with
all their might at the iniquities of the
prevailing economic system, and
pointing the way out of the wilderness into the promised land of the cooperative commonwealth, only hastened by each passing day of capitalism.
Two of our local comrades, along
with the writer, are contemplating a
visit to Seattle on September 28th, to
listen to the oratory of a future President of the United States, in the person of Comrade Eugene V. Debs, who
lectures in Seattle on that date. That
we have an intellectual treat in store
goes -without saying.
Comrade Reay and his chum,
"Scotty" McClure, leave tonight for
Seattle, where they bind themselves
to masters for a period of six months,
shipping on a merchant vessel taking
them to Australia, thence to New
Zealand and South Africa, turning up
in British Columbia again by the time
the flowers bloom next spring.
The title of the address delivered
by Mrs. B. Merrill Burns, before
Locals Vancouver and Victoria, publication e>f which was begun in the
previous, and concluded in this issue,
should have read "The Woman in the
Case" instead of 'Woman and Social
Problem." The, change was made
without Mrs. Burns' knowledge, and
for the purpose of meeting the somewhat exacting demands of the artistic
eye of the "make-up" man. With the
assurance that it was done without
malicious intent, we trust it will be
*  Our Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
^ Grocery Store ^
Cor. Yates & Broad St.
All the News of All the World for All the
People all the Time,
Victoria General Agent tor Th*
Also hsndle* 'Friico Sunday Call and N. Y.
Sunday *» orld.   Prompt and regular dally delivery servlee to subscribers. Leave word with
•uy news dealer.
f. 0. lex 444 VICTORIA, B. C.
3. 5 ««* 7 STORE 5TRBBT
Importer* and Dealers ia
Nam, Racra, Ditler, Eflft, VefitaWw
TttatlMis IN       VICTORIA, B. C.
Mail  Orders   Promptly   Attended To.
New and Stylish Millinery
Up-to-date Fancy Dry Goods
CHARLIE BO ta^or^^
CIstMsg Made ts Onhtr.
Fit Gstriststs.
17 Stare Strati Victoria, I. C.
Are You a Working Man
Are vou needing anyiolng in Clothing
or Men's Fornishings, Hat*. Cap*, Overall*, etc.  If so, see
37 Johnson St..
Victoria, B. C.
JafiMst Ctrio* aad m Saaas
90 Douglas 8t. Victoria, B. C.
Branch Store, 152 Govt. St.
Appreciate the Benefits of
Tomato Bracer
Ci*am Cocktails
K. P. C. Win*
COMRADES, strike at tbe Ballot Box
on Election Day, and be sure to
strike tbe
Rock Bay Hotel
Whan in Victoria
ARNASON MM., PraprlMra
sjMifsctiftf af
! Ns. S Ctatra St.
71 SsvtrwMst ttrttt, Victoria, I. C.
Sold Everywhere. UiIm ■>•>•
09 Pilfers St      Victoria. 0. C.
MeCandless Bros.
Colonial Bakery
29 Johnson St., Victoria. B. C.
Delivered to say part of the city.   Ask Driver
to call.   'PHONE 849
Patronize   Clarion  Advertisers
The following interesting item
clipped from an exchange tends to
turn the lime-light upon the more
serious side of the daily life of
"According to the lowest estimate
the royal cats now number fifty. Her
special pets are always in residence
where the queen is for the time being.
They have a groom all to themselves;
they have a bath every morning and
their toilet is carefully attended to
twice a day. On the slightest sign
of illness the royal 'vet' is summoned
who makes a careful diagnosis, and
the result is immediately communicated to Her Majesty. There is a
specially prepared room called "the
cat hospital" in the stable attached to
Buckingham palace, and here pussy
reclines—when indisposed—in a bed
sufficiently luxurious for the baby of
a marquis. Its temperature is taken
and the stethoscope applied as regularly as if the fate of an empire were
depending on  the  cat's  existnee.
"For her cats, when in health, the
queen has prescribed a diet of fish and
milk, and as she is quite unwilling to
trust the discrimination of the ordinary London milkman as to the
quality of the latter, the royal cats
are fed on milk which comes fresh
from Sandringham every morning,
while a fish dealer of repute is
entrusted with the supply of the fish
known to be the best for feline consumption."
A strike of the carmen employed on
the Canadian Pacific Railway is
threatened. I*1
Every person having weak eyes suffers more or less
from reflex.
The weakness in some eyes is not manifest in the eye
itself but by reflex symptoms in the more remote parts
of tne body. Such as dyspepsia, biliousness, gastric
trouble, constipation, dizziness, etc. Nearly all forms of
headache and neuralgia are the direct results ,of 'eye strain
or muscular trouble. You have tried drugs, and as they
failed, you believe there is no cure for you.
Now, you are in error, as we can prove by the thousands of unsolicited testimonials received from all parts
of Canada, and can prove this to you in your own case
if you will give us a chance.
Most patients who come to us as a last resort have
been cured by the removal of the cause, "eye strain."
You can also be cured if you will come. All we ask
is a fair chance to prove what glasses will do when compounded by us. It is reasonable to suppose that when no
organic disease exists there should be no dyspepsia, constipation, biliousness, dizziness or any other trouble, and
there would be none if the eyes were normal and able to
perform their functions of seeing without strain.
If you have tried medicine without results, your symptoms cannot be the results of disease. This proves conclusively one of two things: That your trouble is either
caused from your eyes, or that there is nothing in the
science of medicine.
It is a well known fact among eye specialists that
eye strain produces nervous exhaustion,, and as our life
depends upon our nerve supply, you will see what effect
nerve leakage will have upon our health. Take nerve tonics to build up your nerves? But how is that possible if
the nerve exhaustion is in excess of your restorative? It
is no criterion if you have consented and had glasses from
twenty oculists and opticians without results. Optometry
i-; a young profession, and few men in Canada have had
the experience and training that our specialists have had.
We are teachers of the highest branch of optometry, we
can diagnose your case, describe your symptoms from an
examination of your eyes without asking you a question
or obtaining a history of your case.
F.ach department of our eye institution is in charge
of a competent specialist. To obviate delay and possible
error, we are installing a perfectly equipped Lens Grinding plant.
Our Dr. Ure will have charge of the prescription department, and will inspect all glasses that we turn out.
Dr. Jordan will continue in charge of the Clinical Department, where all complicated cases will receive his
personal attention.
The Great West Optical Co., Ltd.
334 Hastings Street.
Vancouver, 6. C.
Dr. Jordan, President
Dr. J. G. Ure, Secretary
Nine hundred and nineteen persons
killed and 12,444 injured in three
months. This frightful carnage did
not occur in Manchuria, however, but
on the railways of the United States,
between January ist and April 1st of
the present year, according to the
report of the Interstate Commerce
Commission This fnrnishrs a striking proof <>f the ri*ks assumed by
George Hannay, of Ladysmith, B.
C, is the duly authorized agent of the
Western Clarion at that point. He
Will be pleased to receive subscriptions, furnish information as to advertising space, and make estimates on
nil kinds of job printing. Se.' him,
or drop htm a line and he will call on
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
of reading matter. Try our book
exchange. Return two old books and
receive one new one.
II and 14 Areata.       310 Aaaett Street
Mail orders promptly attended to
Brandon Fair Board Orders the Big
Toronto Company Out.
Brandon, Aug. 9.—At a meeting of
the Brandon fair board this afternoon it was decided to forbid the
Eaton company from distributing literature, and this meant expulsion from
the grounds. It was for this purpose
the company came to Brandon, and
to be debarred from doing so rendered the exhibit useless.
The company brought up its furniture that decorated the resting room
at the Dominion Fair and intended
using (he alloted space for the same
purpose  here.
The company was invited through
a letter from the manager, Captain
Clarke, and by the vice-president, Mr.
McPhail, and when the space was
finally arranged for, the purpose (Or
which it was to be used was distinctly
defined by W. F. Archibald, who is
manager of the mail order department of the T. Eaton Co., and representative of the company here.
When the invitation was accepted
local opposition manifested itself, and
it was only after a prolonged struggle
"that space was secured.
This arranged, the goods were shipped from Winnipeg and the exhibit
placed in position at considerable expense and with no small amount of
The fair had not proceeded far
before a member of the board, Chas.
Whitehead, appeared on the scene
and threatened to have the representatives of the Eaton company placed
under arrest if they attempted to distribute advertising matter. He ordered them to pack up their goods, and
if they declined to do so, informed
them that the police would do it for
"I am at a loss to understand why
the Eaton company should be singled
out," said Mr. Archibald, "unless it is
that the Brandon merchants are
afraid of them; other exhibitors, I
notice, are allowed to distribute advertising matter and nothing is said.
"This firm is not doing business for
fun; it manages to declare a dividend
each year, and if the Brandon merchants are afraid of it, it is because
they are not satisfied with fair profits."
"I cannot understand what the fair
board or the Brandon merchants are
thinking about. If either body has
any idea that the Eaton business in
the west will suffer on account of the
Eaton exhibit being put out of the
Brandon fair, they have a poor idea
of the way we do business and no idea
of the extent of our operations in the
"If the merchants of the west, and
especially of Brandon, had been satisfied with reasonable profits, it stands
to reason that we would have been
unable to get a footing, but the fact
that we sell thousands of dollars'
worth of goods every year in the
immediate vicinity of Brandon, is the
strongest proof that goods can be
bought to better advantage away from
home than locally.
"When we open our branch in
Winnipeg we will show the people
that, after all, the Brandon merchants
bad some ground for opposing us,
and we will show the Brandon merchants that we can reach the people
through other mediums than the
Brandon fair." t
antly  slaughtered  the  Factories  Act
and waxed so indignant at the impertinent gall of those    labor    agitators
who wished to dictate as to how they
should   run   their  business.    By   the
gods,  they  won't  have  any  business
to run when Eaton gets a fair shot at
them.    One   of  the  "tinhorns"  suggested getting the trades  and labor
council's assistance to drive this exploiter of cheap labor out of town,
but I hardly think that at this stage
of the game they will be caught with
this bait for suckers.   The "squealers"
are putting up the plea that they pay
higher wages, but it is  to be noted
that Eaton's goods    sell    themselves
owing to their low price whereas our
i local merchants are  obliged  to  hire
(expert salesmen who can talk a customer into buying whether he wants
to or not.   A girl at $5.0.0 per week
suits Eaton just as well as an expert
clerk at $75.00    per    month.    Their
retail clerks will be benefitted by this
development.    A  few    years  ago  a
number    of    bricklayers, carpenters,
tailors and other workingmen materially helped these clerks in getting an
early  closing  by-law  enacted  which
closed the stores at 6 o'clock.   They
have,   with     few   exceptions,    since
shown their appreciation by carefully
avoiding even the appearance of being
in any way connected with any movement which might involve resistance
against the encroachments of capital.
Another thing,    Eaton's    low-priced
commodities will be more compatible
with laborers' wages at 15 cents an
hour  than prices  have  been heretofore.    All    things    considered,    this
onward march and concentration of
[•capital is a movement that evry intelligent  worker should  hail  with joy,
presaging as  it does  its  final  overthrow.   Meanwhile we welcome these
prospective recruits to the wage-slave
army with profound delight.
Winnipeg, Aug, 12.
number of political criminals in the
prison at Kief was 285 in 1001. 453 in
1902, and 1,022 in iooj. The government has been obliged in many places
to rent outside buildings in order to
transform them into prisons.
From the London Justice we learn
that: "In the month of April no less
than 1,000 kilogrammes of illegal literature were given out in Russia by
the Russian Social-Democrats, e. g.,
I02,350 copies of the May manifesto,
30,400 copies anti-war manifesto, and
4,000 other pamphlets. The Jewish
Federation issued 50,000 anti-war
manifestos and 132,000 anti-war manifestos in Russian and Yiddish. Demonstrations were held everywhere."
Here is a force much more dangerous to the continuance of Russian despotism, much more fraught with significance for the future than any that
may be brought against it in the Far
Charles H. Moyer, president of the
Western Federation of Miners, is
reported as broken in health as a
result of his 105 days incarceration in
the "bull-pen." He has been under
the care of a physician much of the
time since discharged from custody,
and it is more than probable will be
forced to separate himself from his
work altogether, at least for a time.
It is doubtful if he ever fully recovers.
Best of Everything
Negligee Shirts, 50c to J1.50.
Underwear, every kind, 25c to $1,50.
Attractive Hosiery, 10c up.
Belts, all sorts af leather, 50? to $1.00.
New Neckwear, just in, 25c to 75c.
Yti art Expected il Via Wait tat Bast
A purchase is not necessary when you
come here. This i.s a store where all are
free to come when they please, examine,
question and admire, and go when they
Successors to the Palace Clothing House
111 Ceratva Strut
The daily press, in its usual sycophantic style, when speaking of royalty, chronicles the birth of an heir
to the throne of Russia. It is fair to
presume that this youngster is taking
kindly to his environment, and more
particularly to his rations. Whatever significance of good or evil may
attach to the birth of this particular
infant, is lost sight of in the muttered
thunderings which presage the coming of the revolutionary storm in
Russia, which once it breaks will no
doubt undermine the substructure
upon which all royal sham and pretense is built. As an indication of
what is going on within the czar's
domain, we clip the following from
the International Socialist Review of
the current month:
Editor Clarion,—Chronicling the
struggles and miseries of the working
class has of late been a never-ending
task, and it is with a feeling of profound joy that I am able to change
the order and anticipate a bunch of
trouble ahead of an element in our
society here who has richly earned the
same by their actions toward working
men who have from time to time rebelled against the insistent greed of
the exploiting capitalist. The above
clipping is from the Winnipeg Telegram and foreshadows the fate of
quite a bunch of "tinhorns" in Manitoba. Though the Winnipeg outfit
were discreet enough not to slop over
in the silly manner of their Brandon
confreres, the consternation amongst
them is equally great Eaton is building a larger block than any two of the
biggest blocks in the city, and is out
for business already. His advent will
bit hard a considerable number of
those sleek gentlemen who so jubil-
Burns & Co.
Second Hand Dealers.
Largest  and cheapest stock of X
Cook Stoves in the City. x
Boom Chains, Augers, Loggers'
Jackets, ate.
Must reduce stock in next sixty
Remember the place
101 Powell Street
TkiBtil79      Vaacaavar, 0. 6.
AH of the European papers are filled
with stories of the tremendous unrest
which the revolutionary   forces    are
now causing in all parts of Russia.
The  Schlesische  Zeitung of Breslau
publishes a long survey of the Socialist Party of Russian Poland from
which we take the following facts:
The    party    was    founded  in   1893,
although there had been various forerunners of its existence in the form of
sporadic    organizations.    The    party
has always held as one of its demands
the freeing of Poland from Russian
domain,  and  as  such  has  drawn  to
Itself many supporters of a  purely
patriotic character.   Neverthelss there
is a tendency for the proletarian portion to drop this patriotic side and
become more    distinctly   in   accord
with   international    Socialism.    The
party has  an  extensive  organization
outside Poland, which was founded in
1892, and which was united to the continental    party   organization in 1899.
The   seat of this   "Union of Polish
Socialists in Foreign Countries" is in
London.   Its main purpose is the publication and circulation of revolutionary writings.    Such writings increased from 29467 copies in 1895 to 177,-
860 in 1903.   These figures are relatively much more    significant    than
appears at first sight since all these
publications are kept    passing    from
hand to hand, thus reaching a large
number of persons.    This movement
is now taking on new life and making
preparations for a violent revolution
against Russia.
The Berlin Vorwaerts tells of a
street demonstration which was held
in Warsaw recently in which thousands of laborers marched through the
streets carrying revolutionary
banners. Without any warning the
police opened fire upon them, but to
the surprise of the officials the
laborers, so far from flying, turned
upon the police with stones and such
rude weapons as they could secure,
and drove them back. The police then
called to their aid 50 Cossacks, who
were stationed in the city. These also
were met with resistance and cries of
"Down with Czarism. Hurrah for
political freedom; hurrah for social
democracy." The Cossacks were
driven back and telegrams sent for
military reinforcements. On their
arrival several hours after that,
although the streets were practically
clear, they fired two volleys, wounding a woman and child who were sitting in a window. The total casualties so far as reported were eight dead
upon the side of the laborers and an
equal number of dead and thirty
wounded among the police and military.
From Le Socialiste we learn that
the Finnish Socialist movement is also
undergoing a rapid revival and increasing in strength.
According to figures turned in by
the government officials, 10 per cent,
of the laborers belong to the Finnish
Social Democratic Party. Some idea
of the brutality which is exercised
against them by the Russian government is seen by the fact   that   the
Fellow Workingman,—No doubt
you will wonder why the above question is asked you. Well, it is to make
you think; to set the wheels in your
head turning. Possibly in the working hours you may have thought of
the fact that "all wealth is produced
by labor," and wondered how much
you in your lifetime 'have produced,
and what proportion you have received; how much has gone into some
other man's pocket? It may be you
have heard of Carrol D. Wright, the
labor commissioner of the United
States, who proved from statistics
that those who labor produce per day
value to the extent of $8.00 per man,
and received in pay $1.35 per man,
and then you ask: "How was it
done?" and why do not you and your
class get all the value you created?
Well, that is the rub, and you need
to rub your eyes and read and learn
and find out for yourself.
Today there are, as the present
result of our capitalistic system, two .
classes in society, those whose labor J
produces value, and those who reap
value they never earned—the upper
and the working class. Which do you
belong to—eh?
Now, we are not blaming those who
are alike ignorant in either class, but
call your attention to the fact that
you as a worker for wages have been
foolish enough to continue to Vote
either liberal or conservative, and put
into power men on either side whose
class interests are with those of the
dominant ruling class, and make and
uphold laws directly against you and
your class.
It may be you are a good union
man. Well enough; trades unionism
is right; and you as a man are only
doing your duty when you join the
union of your trade, and together
stand shoulder to shoulder for better
pay, shorter hours, and an advance in
the scale of living that shall benefit
the wife, the children and yourself.
Yet unionism is now passing, as the
capitalists have got your range, and
by injunctions and legal methods are
putting the union out of the fight, and
forcing you to work and think on
newer, better and stronger lines.
There is something better for you
and yours just as soon as the workers
the toilers one and all wake up, to
their true position as the producers
of all wealth, and also wake up to the
fact that they are the majority, and
realize the vast power they as a class
possess in the ballot, realize that the
full life might and will be theirs so
soon as they are men enough to intelligently vote themselves free—free
from the present cruel competitive
system into one of economic freedom,
when each man, woman and child
shall justly be entitled to live the full
life the Creator intended they should
do, and all free from carping care.
Clerks and Small Business Men-
Many of these fondly imagine that
they are in a class above the laborer,
and that the economic squeeze will
not catch them. They are in error;
we one and all are between the cruel
jaws of the system, which is built on
individualism and for private gain or
profit, and we canont escape its baneful effects; in corporate greed and
debauchery, drunkenness, gambling
and prostitution, which are all followed for the dollars that are in it.
When 80 per cent, of business men
fail it surely is a proof that the system is rotten to the core. Then why
not read and learn, vote and change
Now the churches refuse to touch
or teach economics. The capitalistic
press  will  only    publish  that  Which
When sending in subs, state whether such are new ones or renewals.
In case of renewals the change of
number on address slip will acknowledge the renewal. Watch for it and
if it does not occur, notify us.
Clarion subscribers already on the
list will be filled at the old rate. But
watch the label number on your
paper. When it tallies with the
paper number on first page/ renew
Hand-Made Boots aud Shoe* to order In
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly done.    Stock  of staple  ready-made
Shoe* always on baud.
24SI Weitatiaster Ave.     Meant Measaat
J. Edward Bum. A. C. Brvdonjacx.
Uko. E. McCroman.
Hallway Block.   Tel. 829.   P. O. Box 982.
438 Nasuaas Strati     -    Vaacaavar, I. C.
Electro Magnetic hstftite VaU'&M
and Vlteopaihlc Tr« atment    Brinimead Blk.,
Cordova Street,    'Phone 10.15.
For a Union express
Call on Heywood Bros.
Telephone   1-3-5-4
suits their class interest, so it is up to
you to study and learn for yourselves,
and set yourselves free.. To this end
you are invited to come to our Sunday    evening    meetings,   at   Crystal
theatre,  on  Yates  street,  hear  what
we say, study   our   philosophy, buy
some of our literature (5c. up), and
post yourself on the vital bread-and-
butter question    that   concerns you,
your wife, and the little ones.
Your friend,
Socialist Organizer, Victoria, B. C.
The Ways and Means committee
of the Colorado State Federation,
clothed with full power to direct the
political action of affiliated unions,
has decided to support the democratic
ticket in Colorado this fall. There
were but two dissenting votes in the
committee. It may be the trade
union vote of the state will go to the
support of that ticket next November.
The gross earnings of the Canadian
Pacific Railway for the year ending
June joth, exceeded the sum of $46,-
000,000, while the working expenses
ran a little over $32,000,000. As this
left but a miserable $14,000,000 as
profit, it is not clear how the hard-
worked owners are going to tide over
the coming winter.
The great meat strike is still on,
being well into its sixth week. The
usual stock of fables about "incompetents," "strike breakers," "plenty of
help" and "strike broken," are being
bandied about by both sides to the
controversy. The usual ending may
be confidently predicted.
The British courts have decided
that the South Wales Miners' Federation must pay into court $287,810
damages, awarded the colliery proprietors, for "causing the men to
break their contracts with their employers," by declaring "stop-days" or
The C. P. R. traffic receipts for the
week ending August 14th were $995,-
000. For the corresponding week of
last year they were $911,000. This
increase of $84,000 no doubt looks
good to the owners.
The treasury of the United States
is showing a monthly deficit of $20,-
000,000 or some such trifle. All same
Socialist paper.
Wholesale and Retail
Piano Dealers
410   Hastings   Street
who desire to promote the   publicity of  their
business should use the advertising columns of
The Western Clarion
Readies Over 2.000 Wage-earners Weekly
You should subscribe for and read The Clarion.
Its columns are open to you; it voices your
interests alone; it fears nothing but the sheriff,
and can only look to you for support	
My magazine is now on a paying basis. That is,
I am taking in as much money as I am paying out, a
condition that has not existed since I established Wil-
shire's Magazine. It took $100,000 in cold cash to
put it there, but it's there.
The comrades who know me know I have no
desire to make money, but that I only desire to make
Socialist Propaganda.
What is the best way to do this ?
I have given it a great deal of thought and have
decided that the best way is to take into partnership
with me 5,000 socialists who are as earnest as I am.
With their active assistance I can do many times more
than I can now.
But, few socialists have any money to invest!
Very well, if I can get the men I want I'll give
them the stock free-but on one condition.
Don't delay; this offer is limited.
Wilshire's Magazine/ New York, H.Y.
Vancouver  Co-operative  Association
532 Westminster Avenue
Telephone 1734 W. J. Andrews, secretary
A Inwi Shop aid Eidtrsed by Ererjr Uiioi ii Vancoirer
i! y"»a;"»yyT»Mlln>l»W.yrt1W„rt pa,,, ,,,„ c„*,0, J2»
The Nernst Electric Lamp
11 ^^^S^^xSi^^*^' "d
i|B^C. Electric Railway Co., Un",£X2i,\


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