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The Western Clarion Feb 2, 1907

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 Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, February 2. 1907
■*?_-^ 81.00
Wi fig dass Getting In Shape fur
Judging from the attendance at
the Socialist roc-Hineri held during
thc present campaign and the entire
i.Immmico ot host Hit v to the Socialist
movement exhibited at these meetings, something is going to drop
upon Capitalist t-ies In this province
ore long that «111 not he altogether
to the liking cf the preterit ruling
The working men arc evidently
awakening to an intelligent under
•. lauding of thoir interwts as thc
producers nt ull wealth. With a re-
nitration of Lhe infumieH practiced
unofl them under the rule of capital
la coming a disposition to do something in their imn hehalf by breaking that rule and relieving them
wive* of the expl.il ut i..n that l«
practk.-d upon them under it. They
are turning their attention to the
• upturn of the very *.eat <■( capitalist
jower. the State, thus stripping the
■ opitatiM class of the sole instrument upon which it depends to en-
fores, its right to rule the workers
and roh them of tho fruits ol their
labor. Ity ho di ing they ore dire, t-
ing their attack at the only weak
point in .-pilMlthl iiruiniir. When
rontrol of the pmMH nl the i-tate
in obtained bv the working clasu thr
••xpUdtHtioil of lalntr at the hunda
of capital will be speedily brought
to an end. lf signs do not fail ths
workers of this province are sotting
iiiimit tho accomplishment of this
tusk In a ' manner that promises
most startling results in tlie near
The meetings held throughout the
Interior ot the province during the
- itsnpaign have been record-breakers
■-■'th In |M<lnt of attends nre and interest manifested. At THichol. Fernie
XeKon. Rosaland, Oreenwood and
other points the workers have unmistakably manifested thrlr dlsni*-
proval when any attack hns Ixvn
made |iy «dd party candidates upon
the Socialist movement or the individuals prominently identified with
it. Ilw time la evidently not far
distant when the workers will refuse
to listen longer to the atorsotypod
twaddle and Insufferable rot that i»
the sole slock in trade of the capitallat politician. On Vancouver
Island the Intercut manifested by the
workers In the campaign hns bam
most marked. The meeting* have
lieon well attended and ample fund*
for carrying on tho campaign bine
lieen chenrfullv providod.
In Vancouver the meetings ha-o
Iteen phenoim-nal. Upon each Bun-
day evening lor the past six weeks
ths Orand Theatre, Cordova street,
has been crowded to the doors. The
meeting* at the City Ball have nlso
been exceptionally  wall  attended.
The meeting nt the City Hall on
Tuesday evening, .inn. HU, was a
record-breaker, the house being
I'ticked to the doors in spllo of tho
fact that the night was wet and
stormy. Fully one thousand people
worn present and almost to a man
•hey remained until tho last speaker
had uttered his last word. Antl then
before leaving thoy gavo three such
rousing and hearty cheers for tho
•cause of Labor as .wore probably
never before given ln Vancouver.
■Neve* was a swlitlcal wunpftrg*'
wngod in this province botoro with
such an absence of wild and unress-
onlng enthusiasm. Mon can no
longer be so stirred by appeals to
prejudice, patriotism1 and passion as
to lose their heads and commit untold folly.
Thene aro the days in which mon
a**o thinking. They are reasoning.
They are weighing carefullv Uio q*uos-
t'otis forced to thoir attention by
tho economic trend of things. Thoy
«*-*•   becoming    inclined    to refrain
from taking things for granted just
U*cau«e some   "wind-jammer" from
the  platform   says  so.    Unless  they
sipiare   with   reason  they   are  being
repudiated.    The chaff is being sifted
from tho  wheat    and    the ordinary
working   man   is  thus   coining   into
poKsas-ion   of a stock  of facts that
afford him an effective armor against
the blandishments of designing politicians  und   "decoy ducks"  of capi
tnli-m      He is getting in a frame of
mind thut  makes him hard to   deal
with  for  purposes   that  are  against
the   interests     af     himself   and   his
■-last),    lieing in this frame  of mind
he heeomei an uncertain quantity for
capitalist   politicians   to   base  their
political estimates upon.   He is going   to  do   some  startling   political
Stunts  in  the   near    future.     Something is going to drop tn this province nnd  ils  going    to  drop hard.
There will   be "weeping and wailing
and gnashing of teeth" in the ranks
.»f the labor-skinning fraternity, and
its hangers-on.    In fart the wailing
has already begun.   It may be heard
from   the   throat   of    every   liberal
coyote In the jungle even now.   That
it will lie accentuated a- a result of
thc   pending  election   is   a   foregone
con**lu*don,   for  something  is  surely
going to drop on  somebody's toes.
Heally, Mr. .1. 11. MacDonald
lakes himself too seriously. In an
interview with a representative of
the "New Zealand Moil.*' in endeavoring to explain our condemnation
of his support of the Drunner Bill,
ho sold: "The S.D.F. always attacks
me, I am glad to say." Mr. MacDonald is to be congratulated on
t-fling pleasure in bracket ting hlm-
w*lf with Hums. Maddison, and other
traitors to thc working-class whom
ae havo attacked; but we havo never
so included him because he has not
■ipi«ared to us os of sufficient importance. Dy a fortuitous succession of circumstances, Mr. IfacDon-
«ld became Secretary of tho Labor
({(■presentation Committee, and by a
unlieious arrangement with the Liberals ho was elected member for L»i-
rester. Apart from the official position In the L-bbr I'arty In which
tbom circumstances have placed him,
what he does or says is of not the
Slightest moment. It was, however,
our duty to protest, when the .Secretary and thief Whip of the labor
Tarn whether his name wus Mac-
Danald or anything else, gave his
support to ■ Hill introduced by a
capitalist of Sir .lohn llrtinner's
stump, and deliberately intended to
lirsvont the raising of tho school ago
of children. And wo arc glud that
.uir protest was effectual in securing
the withdrawal of the bill.    Wo were
r,u|to willing to gl\e Mr. MacDonald credit for good intentions by assuming that ho had backed tho bill
without having fully appreciated its
calculated effect. But he does not
mind that M made n mistake. On
the contrary, he glories in his shame
ind insists lhat   ho  perfectly  under-
One cannot travel very far through
the province of British Columbia at
the present time without coming to
the conclusion that Socialism is the
most engrossing subject of any that
engages the attention of all sorts
and conditions of men.
Time was when the majority would
refer to it with scorn and ridicule
lhe pretensions of its advocates as
lieing viKiormry and impractical. Now
it is universally conceded to be a
factor in political life that bas come
to stay and has to tie reckoned with
and the unbiased mind can perceive
un alignment of political forces with
this as the paramount issue.
Both the political parties of capitalism. Liberal and Conservative,
have to a considerable extent been
compelled to drop the **etty issues
that divide the capitalist class at
election time and seriously attempt
lo maintain a conciliatory attitude
towards awakening labor in the hope
of steering it away from the camp
of tho revolution.
Although anticipating considerable
results from thc propaganda persistently carried on these last few years
undet many discouraging circumstances. I was totally unprepared to
see the progress which has actually
baaa made. In the various ridings
in the Crow's Vest, Boundary and
Kootenay, through which I passed, a
notice of a Socialist meeting was
followed b.v the assembling*; of large
crowds of interested, eager working-
men. At Michel thc miners gave
evidence of being solid for Moore,
the Socialist candidate at Fernie,
despite the blandishments of that
perfervid Orator. Mcinnes. Thev have
evcrv indication of returning a member of that parly which alone amidst
the Jangling personalities of the cap-
itulist parties sounds a clear note on
behalf of the workera. Four successful meetings were held in Fernie
Hiding including the Mcinnes meeting which was overwhelmingly in
favor of Moore. At Nelson Prstrii
Philips' Miners' Union a«rciit, carries
thc revolutionary standard and is
conducting nn aggressive campaign.
He has more than a fighting chance
to beat out Hall and Kirkpatrick.
Up tiil recently Socialism has lan-
iruishcd in this town but of late has
made tremendous strides. Two meetings in the Opera House wore held
here at which the awakened proletariat were much in evidence. At Rossland    .J.     A.    MacDonald,     Liberal
leader, is up against his Waterloo.
Elected largely last election by the
Union Labor vote, his lugubrious
countenance while addressing a meeting there showed his apprehension
that bis erstwhile supporters welcoming into the Socialist fold. Berry
Socialist candidate there, is making
good propaganda and with a fairly
even split up vote should win out.
At Orand Forks Mcinnes' election
on the Socialist ticket is conceded
hy both his opponents. At Greenwood where Ernest Mills, at last
election wan fraudulently counted
out, Dynes is pretty sure of an election. A magnificent meeting wss
held In the opera house where the
audience endured a zero temperature
for about three hours to listen to
an exposition of Socialist principles
and economics. In the Slocan Davidson's splendid record in tbe house
is telling heavily in his favor and
is likely to increase his majority.
In Revelstoke the fruits of patient
hard work on the part of the Socialist Local Is about to be garnered. A good meeting was held
under moot unfavorable weather conditions and with little advertising.
One particularly noticeable feature
throughout the districts I visited
was the poor showing made on the
platform b.v both Liberal and Con-
servatifc- candidates. They displayed absolute inability to discuss
principles appealing to the electorate solely on their capacit- as shopkeepers, lawyers, etc., in speeches
that were remarkable only for emptiness and brevity. A holy horror of
facing a Socialist speaker was everywhere in evidence and their few
public appearances were only made '<
under protection of bigger guns. A
tremendous number of willing Socialist workers were found disfranchised because of the necessitv of
periodically moving from one riding
&o another in search of a job. Every
riding, it is safe to say. would be
carried for Socialism if this vote
were polled. The experience the
workers have trained these lost few
years in the mining districts trying
to hold their own against an over-
Stocked  labor    market    is  showing
Timely Suggestions from a Toronto
You are a member of the Socialist
Party? You believe In the ideals for
which Social ism stands? You endorse the platform of the Social-
Democratic movement? You wish to
see its efforts crowned with success?
You long for and hope to see the
Co-operative Commonwealth made a
It is not doubted by anyone that
you are a genuine Socialist at heart.
If you were not, you would not be
identified with the movement. The
fact tbat yOu belong to the party
shows that you have publicly declared your support to its cause.
Now a very legitimate question for
every Socialist to ask himself is
this: Am I doing all I can to push
the propaganda of Socialism?
Thc great problems before the Socialists of America are not tactical
in their nature, nor theoretical, nor
political, but educational. The membership in the Socialist parties of
Canada and tbe United States is hot
as large as it should be. The public are not as interested as ithey
should bc. The workingmen are not
rallying around their true banner,
the red flag of Socialism, as fast as
their friends would like them to.
There still exists considerable misunderstanding, lack of understanding
victory in the near future.
and uninformed prejudice, against
them tliT ntt-i* f-tlMty _t hghti'ng j Socialism.in* North America. Yet the
capital where thev are weak, and Is v°*"*-***-* of discontent is growing The
directing their attention to the cap- 'muck-raking magazines are doing
ture of the reins of public power in |ouf_*_rk* C*-P«t-lism is disgusting
their own interests. Altog-tber tho Iboth. the masse8 fnd the classes* and
present looks good to the Socialist j"» ""*. ,s ^ foT ***™*mlv* P!"OP"
and  heralds  the    approach  of final J««Ja ,n ail •>art8 of th,s wes,ern
Are wc taking advantage oi it ?
Are you taking advantage of it? Are
you doing all you can to make Socialism understood to the working
class? Are you helping to unwind
the veil of ignorance which is wound
round and round the eyes of the .public? Are you doing more than paying your dues into the local? If not.,
it is time that you got busy thinking of how you can best work for
the new Civilization.
Some Cursory Criticism of Passing
The confidence imposed by the B„
C. executivo committee of the Socialist party in John T. Mortimer,
who left this city for the west two
weeks ago to tako part in the campaign there, to do things has not
been misplaced and thc rour of battle resounds with distinctness across
all Canada. Whenever John T. aiiiu.
a blow Tie lands it; and whenever ho
lands it something drops, as is evidenced from the yelps of pain which
go up on all sides wherever Jack
gets a fair chance at the transparent humbugs who are appealing tor
the suffrage of tho working men of
British Columbia under tho guise of
Liberal and Conservative candidates.
Vigor to his lungs and strength to
his elbow!
mines is the main cause of this situation. It is only tho "impossiblist"
Socialist who suggests that coal
mines and all other socially necessary means of production should be
owned and operated for the use and
welfare of they who do tha world _
work, anil not be left in the hands
of capitalists to be used for the purpose of sweating profits out of the
labor of the men who operate them
But as the jieople seem wedded to
thc idea of capitalist ownership they
should accept its consequences cheerfully, even if they happen to the victims of their own man trap.
Tho "Independent" I_»bor Party ts
tho mask behind which the forces of
reaction arc uniting In Nanaimo and
Ladysmith, B. C, to try and down
Comrades Hawthornthwaite and Williams. Whore the Liberals and Conservatives ore being driven to unite
in order to curry out thoir game of
stood the measure, and that it  was j ,,iun(ier  of the  workers thU  "indo-
i,is critics who were mistaken! He
Iiiim an excellent S000 ■*l'-,****n *»
himself,  but   so long ns he holds an
official position i» '•••' *--,ll0r *'art-v
to must not egpeot to bo above rri-
ilcWm or to escape attacks when
support tug capitalist measures for
the perpetuation of child slavery.
When he reaches his desired havon
in tho Liberal Patty it will bo another  matter.—London  Justice.
This is tho samo J. B. MucDonald
who, though he passed like a motoor
athwart tho Canadian sky not long
since,   was  still  able  to  gather suf-
ftejpseA information ol the socialist
movement of tho Dominion to write
llinrM,,llv about it. Evidently J. R.
ia nothing but an ordinary cheap
Ltt*tt_, flimsily disguised 'neath his
cloak of Labor.
pendent" labor party ls the last
rampart thoy can fight behind.
Shame on the workingmen who can
tie induced to countenance such an
act. lt ought to serve as an illustration that there is no difference
in principle lietween this so-called
Independent I*bor party and either
of the old political parties of capitalism.
Manitoba' Saskatchewan and Alberto aro this winter receiving a
drastic lesson in some of ths minor
defects inherent in capitalist ownership and control of social utilities.
Tho people of tho cities, towns and
rural communities of tho west are
suffering tnconvonionco and distress
on account of a fuel famine. The
Inherent conflict of interests between
capitalist owners and wage-workers
which culminated in a strike and
stoppage of coal at Lethbridge coal
A move is lieing made to punish
the citi/.en who does not vote with
disfranchisement. This Ss a move
which is a direct menace to the
working people and should meet with
active opposition. Tho details of the
scheme are not to hand, but if the
powers that be are sincere in their
intention to impose apetmlty for not
voting let it take the form of a fine
or tax, or remission of tax on those
who do vote. Anything which should
give the ruling class of Canada a
right to disfranchise workingmen beeauae hitherto they have shown
apathy in voting for the representatives of Liberal or Conservative
parties and their common scheme of
Capitalist sneak-thief game is dangerous in the extreme. The working
people will want to exercise thoir
franchise when a party which will
stand for their interests, appeals for
their votes. At any rato let us not
sit. supinely by while a veiled attack on manhood suffrage is being
perpetrated under our very noses.
Tho labor-skinning fraternity whose
executive committee sits at Ottawa
are quick to realise that any restrictions thrown around the use of the
franchise will strengthen their position when the fast-approaching political storm of the class struggle for
supremacy tireaks and Labor musters
Its forces for the purpose of captur-
(Continued oa page three.)
To begin with yourself Here are a
few suggestions as to how you, individually, can do much to push the
propaganda ot Socialism.
1. Attend the meetings of your Local regularly, especially the propaganda meetings, for well attended
meetings enthuse the membership, encourage the speaker, and draw the
2. Keep your dues paid up to date
and contribute to the special funds.
Money is the sinews ot war, and
there are nd moneyed Interests behind the Socialist movement to supply them.
3. Do your share ot the work in
the Local. The movement needs
workers more than indolent believers.
4. Make a point of bringing some
new fellow down to the Local every
propaganda meeting, and having secured a visitor once, secure him
(,. Study thc philosophy, the political economy, the history, the ideals
of Socialism. To be an intelligent
and effective apostle of Socialism,
you must sharpen your intellect with
study and debate and fill your head
with telling facts and figures
are more than a lot of ignorant
blokes. Leave plenty of time for discussion.
3. As many meetings as possible
should be propaganda meetings.
These meetings should be advertised
and largely attended. It is easy to
get well attended meetings if each
comrade will do his duty.
4. The Local should only invite
those' comrades to give addresses
who are Well grounded In the Socialist philosophy and are able to talk
intelligently, convincingly and with
knowledge. There is altogether too
much rant and cant and mere mouth-
iness at our propaganda meetings.
The world is not going to "be won
for Socialism by fierce invective.
What is wanted is facts, figures and
logic. Every sentence of an address
should appeal to the Intelligence and
reason of the audience.
5. If there is any dissent ion in the
Local, it should be forgotten. It
will be a sorry day for the Socialist
movement when    Socialists fall   to
quarelling and backbiting. In the
present stage of the movement all
should stand solid in aggressive propaganda work.
6. The'Local ought to map out Its
work three or four months in advance, systematize its efforts, and
carry out its program to the letter.
—Pi. R. Shier, Toronto, «mt.
Sir,—There have lieen articles appearing in the home papers on emigration to Canada. As a son of
Wick with sixteen years' experience
in this country I think I should be
able to judge.
When I came to British Columbia
first the white fishermen were t_ak-
ing good wages on the Fraser •-,*>-< r.
But the Japanese came in, *nl le-
cause they could live o_ rice, '.hcj
could work cheaper, and they drove
the white fishermen off the river.
Five years ago the white fishermen
turned their attention to the herring
industry. They then got twenty dollars a ton for green herring. Tbe
Japanese then came on in competition in this industry, and last winter the Japanese' delivered herrings
at one and a half dollars a ton to
the fish carers. This herring industry is chiefly carried on in Nanaimo
on Vancouver Island. The white fishermen are being driven to the wall
again. There in a number of Scotch
fishermen here. They told me they
would havo to live on rice to compete.
We thought when we got the five
hundred dollar tax placed on the
Chinaman that we had won our battle. But lot and behold! the. capitalist has played another card. This
summer they started bringing In the
Hindu and now they are coming tn
by the thousand to Vancouver.' Tha
mayor and city police tried to stop
them from landing off the C.P.R.
boats which brought them over from
Hong Kong. But the C. P. R. had
too much of a pull with the Government—with this good Liberal Government that we hear so much about
ns being the working man's friend.
The Hindus are now walking ths
streets of Vancouver in thousands in
search of masters. So long as the
worker allows the capitalist system
to go on these things will contlnu-
6. Talk Socialism to the tellow in *-_" *mPI.*«. lhe cheapest man will
the shop, to your trade union, to1-*'1 tho# J°b* **"d tD0 P"*1'3'!*' bu«-
vour butcher, to your minister. toiP1'8' of Vancouver will be In the
vour baker, to your milkman, to *-*"lds, °t the Chinese and Japs In a
your grocer, to your coal dealer, to Vur" ,ew W*- because they *** do
your wash-woman, to your neighbor
to your landlord, to your wife and,
if you have not a wife, to your
7. Distribute literature on Social-
Ism, dlscriminutely, and urge the recipients to read it.
8. Write to thoso papers and magazines which publish discussions
fair In their attitude toward Socialism recommending them to publish
more articles on the subject, that
you and other readers (or subscribers) are interested and should like to
see tho subject more fully tro-ted.
9. Subscribe for a Socialist paper
or two and keep in touch with the
•      •      •
1, See to it thot your Local has
clean and attractive headquarters, lt
may cost a dollar or two more per
month, but thc Increased attendance
will  make it worth while.
9. Begin your meetings on time,
and conduct them in a business way.
Such methods show that  Socialists
business and He on a cot at the back
of the store and live on rice.
I sound this note of warning to
the people who are coming out here.
Don't depend upon the Church to
work out your reforms, for they have
betrayed Jesus Christ's principles for
fat salaries. Tho church has always
taken thc side of the capitalist class
arid betrayed the working class,—
Donald Grant, In John O'Groat's
J ournnl.
Vancouver, B.C., 27th Nov., I900.
A millionaire manufacturer of Cincinnati savs, "Business cannot long
withstand the heavy drain of present abnormally high wages/' It la
a .downright shamo that tho grocd of
workingmen is so great that thoy
unblushlngly extort such high wages
as to threaten tho very existence of
•business." The first thing they
know they will kill the goose that
lays for thorn the golden ere* of a
job. Then they will be In a h—I of
a fix.
i    I
: i
i  _*_*■
a_a__- I   '  ■"
The Wedern Clarion
Saturday ' in tba
hit-rest* pt the working claaa alone
at tha Ofice of the Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement. 165 Hastings
Street, Vancouver B. C
Sulkily hi Advanca.
Yearly anbacription cards In  lots
of fi - or mora, 75 cents each.
Bundles of 5 or more copies, for a
period of not less than three months,
at the rate of one cent per copy per
Advei using rates on appncstloo.
If you racatwe thia paper, tt fat paid
In making remittance by cheque,
exchange must be added. Address
all communications and make all
money orders payable to
Bos 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch thb labal on your pail I I   Per-   *•• **■*-■• **arah*T ia on it,
m*wL I    I       ^__^^_   MtM_*±^m^^^^t_hf_m: *> . mil— -
~r ■ 1   your suosoiptiou i ipiriw uw
next *
The despatches in regard to the
German elections of last week,
though meagre enough in regard to
information, indicate that the Social Democrats have lost some seats
in the Reichstag, although they have
heavily increased their total vote In
tbe Empire. This result could easily happen in case of a combination
between the various parties of capitalism against the Social Democratic
candidates. It appears that this is
what has occurred. By such combination the Socialist candidates
have been defeated in certain districts thus losing some seats in tbe
Reichstag previously held.
Capitalist papers on this side of
the Atlantic gleefully refer to what
they terrat the "Socialist setback"
as a consequence of the recent election. They are welcome to any satisfaction they may be able to get
out of it. Such combinations as referred to are bound to be effected in
all countries sooner or later. The
sooner the various parties of capitalism are forced to completely u ban-
don their separate existence and
their professed antagonism the better for the movement of labor for
its emancipation. Wben they have
been forced to combine their efforts
in tbe attempt to checkmate tho advance of the revolutionary working
class the end of class rule and exploitation is brought within measurable distance, lt is quite evident
that necessities of the German ruling class nave compelled them to
take a most decided step in the direction of mobilizing their forces
against the ever increasing power of
the Socialist movement that is even
now most seriously threatening their
right to rule.
To learn the actual outcome of the
elections and tbe facts aa to the positions of the Social Democratic
party in consequence, it will be necessary to patiently await the arrival
of information from the German
comrades themselves. This wiU come
in due time through tbe •*h__T**?lt uf
the Socialist press.
However persistently ths capitalist
press may proclaim tbat the comrades of Germany have met with defeat no Socialist will be disturbed
thereby. The Socialist movement is
too well grounded in the logic of social and Industrial development to
be even momentarily disturbed by
any fierce onslaught upon its battalions by the forces of reaction.
If there is a working man in thla
province who has not already learned
that the politicians of capitalism
have nothing to oiler the working-
class than can in any manner lessen
the pressure of exploitation practiced upon them under the present
system ot industry, they should certainly be able to acquire tbat knowledge by listening to the "arguments" offered by both Liberal and
Conservatives during the present
campaign in Justification of their
existence. Not a solitary suggestion bas been thrown out by the
speakers of either party of anything
that could or would be done I by
them, ln case of election, to better
the material condition of the workers. The "arguments" are confined
solely to lines of action which would
conserve the interests of the propertied claaa, and to plastering  each
m wisnaur ouixe*, vj-wwnrit. iimn, oommtA.
-ATUftPAV, frQffl.ARY
A -.toy,
other with thc filth that is engendered by the present system and
which is the common property of its
political defenders of whatever
A system of property, based upou the robbery of Labor, is essentially a. filthy and
corrupt thing. It can breed nothing
short of filth arid corruption. That
its defenders, advocates, and apologists should liecomo past masters in
the art of dealing in filth is quite
natural. Whon these worthies proceed to plaster each other with that
filth in which they wallow, and of
which thoy arc (.part, it should by
no means be considered an unseemly
performance. Having nothing clean,
wholesome and moral to offer, they
must needs pass up the only ammunition at hand. Either that or not
fight at all.
The capitalist politician, even of
thc lowest type, instinctively realizes that the average person possesses an inherent antipathy tor that
-which Ir morally unclean. Equal y
besmeared as thoy are with the
moral nast iness of tho present system, which is amply proven by the
zeal with which they defend it, Liberals and Conservatives alike arc
forced to heap this moral nast iness
each upon the other in order to hold
the allegiance of those of their respective followers who are Inclined
to moral decency and cleanliness. If
Liberals can heap the responsibility
for the filth and corruption incidental to capitalist political administration upon Conservatives, decent
minded people will quite likely rally
to their support, the Conservatives
be ousted and the Liberals get an
opportunity to wallow In the filth
that is so palatable to them both.
If the liberals are in possession of
the hog-wallow it becomes the turn
of the Conservatives to oust them
if possible, b.v the same method.
It is by no accident that liberals
and Conservatives are heaping upon
each other accusations of dishonesty,
bad faith and moral looseness.
There is nothing else tbey can do.
As between them there are no other
weapons of warfare available. . As
sections or factions of the political
expression of capitalist production
these purties could under no circumstances be cleaner and more sweet-
smelling than the system of production itself. Based as it is upon the
wholesale plunder of the wealth producers and a World-wide traffic in
the proceeds it has long since become recognized as the parent of all
the poverty, misery, degradation,
moral filth and corruption that is
making modern civilization a "stench
in tho nostrils of decency."
Capitalist politicians, of whatever
faction, are these days busily engaged in unmasking themselves. In so
doing they are unmasking the system whose spawn they are. It is
safe to say that every accusation
being made by Liberal against Conservative, and vice versa, is true,
and even then the story has not half
been told. In picturing each other's
iniquities to the gaping multitude,
they are merely portraying the
ethics of capitalism, the ethics and
morals of business. The conduct of
these political jack-snipes when in
office is but a reflex of what is done
every day in the process of-skinning
wealth producers and profitably disposing of the plunder.
Let them proceed with the unmasking. The soonor the present system
of production and its apologists and
defenders stand naked In their filth
and corruption the sooner will decent people awaken to the necessity
of bringing capitalist ownership of
Industry and production for profit,
to an end.
Speed the unmasking.
In order to clearly realize his status under capitalist civilization, it
becomes absolutely necessary that
tbe workingman should understand
all the circumstances of the transaction that occurs dally between himself and his employer.
In offering his services to an employer he merely offers to sell his
power to labor, or labor-power, for
a given length of time, for an agreed
sum. In doing so his labor-power
appears In the market as a commodity, a thing for Dale, just the same
ss any other of the multitude of articles that ure offered. A commodity is anything for which the owner
has no use but must sell In order
to obtain the things for which he
has use. Tho workingman has no
means of - production, i.e., resources
of tho earth, and machinery of industry, through the instrumentality
of which he can convert his labor-
power into food, etc., for himself.
Food he must have, and ho cannot
use his labor-power as a means of
providing it without entering into
some arrangement with he or they
who- own tho resources and tools of
production. He therefore applies to
such owners for a job. In So doing
he offers his labor-power for sals as
a commodity. like other commodities it brings in the market a price
equivalent to its cost of production
measured in labor time. If a given
quantity of food, etc., will generate
in a Workingman the power to perform ono day's labor, and that
amount of food, etc., can be produced by the expenditure of,' say two
hours' social labor-time, the exchange value of the day's labor-
power will be equivalent to that of
this quantity of food. Their exchange values ure equal because an
equal amount of social labor time
has been embodied in thoir production. If two hours' labor-time will
produce enough food, etc., to generate one day's labor-power, it logically follows that the exchange value
of that amount of food is equivalent
to the exchange value of thc day'a
labor-powor. Under such circumstances the price of a da'-'s labor-
powor will bc the same as the prico
of this given amount of food, otc.
If tho conditions of the market be
normal, i.e., the supply of and demand for labor-power bo evenlv balanced, the exchange value of labor-
power and. the food, etc., necessary
to generate It, will approximate
closely to thc point indicated above,
lf labor-power he scarce, which of
course implies an excessive demand
for it, this exchange will be thrown
out of balance bv the price of labor-
power advancing above its true
value. If, on the contrary, the
amount of labor-power in the market bc in excess of the demand for
it, the cxclians-e will be thrown out
of balance in tho other direction.
The worker will be forced to curtail
his expenditure by the substitution
of cheaper food or a limitation of
its quantity. In other words, tho
"standard of living" will be lowered among tho workers.
So long as the means of production remain capitalist property the
labor-power of the worker must remain in the category of commodities and subject to the inexorable
laws of the market.
The worker cannot separate himself
from his commodity, labor-power,
except by the very process of Its
expenditure. He therefore practically sells himself when ha sol la him
labor-power. He must continue to
do so as long as the means of production  romain .capital.
With their labor-power as a commodity in the market, and forced to
sell themselves along with it in order to deliver it, the workers art*
virtually commodities themselves,
like other raw material used in production, they exist only for the convenience of capital and as an indis-
pensible factor In Its profit making
process. They have no standing as
human beings. Their standing is
only that of commodities, and the
cheapest of all commodities at that.
The capitalist suffers a far greater
loss by the destruction of a pound
of iron, or steel, or cotton, or a
piece of machinery than he does by
the death of a workman. It costs
money to replace the former. It costs
nothing to replace the latter.
In order to lift their labor-power,
and consequently themselves, from
the category of commodities, the
workers must take such steps as will
raise themselves into the catogor*- of
human beings, of men. They can do
this only hy such action as will
place the working-class ln a position
of ownership and mastery over the
means of production upon which the
entire human family depends lor Its
existence. This necessitates the assumption by the working class of
control of the powers of the state,
and through these powers the control of Industry and the products
thereof. By so doing the workers
will free themselves from the brutal
exploitation of capital and usher In
for human kind an era of civilization that will not stink from its
own rottenness and fester in Its own
A knowledge of itself and its status in present civilization will impel the working class to effect the
transformation. Without this knowledge it gropes in the dark, knowing not what to do. The Socialist
movement imparts the knowledge and
points the way.
While capital In the last analysis
expresses the relationship existing
between the owners of the means of
production and the working people
upon whose labor the owners rely for
the carrying on of industrial operations, the term is more commonly
applied to resources of the earth and
the tools of industry that are used
for the purpose of making a profit
out of the labor of the workers.
The mineral, forest, pastoral and agricultural resources of the earth,
along with the factories, mills, workshops, transportation lines, etc., to
day function as Capital. These
means of production are owned and
operated for the sole purpose of
making profit out of the labor of
those who do the work. While so
owned and operated they afford the
means whereby the relation between
capitalist and worker, exploiter,
and exploited, is maintained.
But little more than a century ago
capital Was not tho huge power in
the world lhat it is today. It was
still in its Infancy and with a worid
to conquer. Step by step it grow
and developed, adding to Its bulk
and power until it has now established its dominion over tho entiro
globe and practically reduce*! tho
world's wealth producers to a condition of servitude bound to its
chariot wheels by the bonds of wuge-
slavcry. During tho career of Capital the means of production have
passed through the various stages of
private ownership, firm ownership,
corporation ownership, up to the
present gigantic combination of corporations known as trust ownership.
Each step in the process has carried
the form of ownership still farther
away from prllvate -or indivUual
ownership, tho starting point. The
holdings of stocks and bonds of tho
huge trusts of today are so widely
scattered among tho members of the
capitalist class that present form of
ownership is practically that of class
ownership. Strictly speaking, the
individual or private owner has been
swallowed up In this ownership by a
class. No matter how large his holdings of stocks, bonds and other securities of modern industrial and
commercial combinations mny be, tho
individual cannot separate his, property from thut of his capitalist fellows, hence the term private property can no longer apply. It must
give way to the term, capitalist
property, or class property.
Through its ownership of natural
resources, factories, shops, railwuys.
etc., the capitalist class holds absolute dominion over all property In
the means of wealth production. In
somo cases,, in agriculture for instance, individuals ap*vcar to own
property in the means of production.
It is In ap|*carance only. Their products must be turned over to the
railways, factories, tho commission
houses, elevator*, banks or other ile-
partmoiits of capitalist property and
this is where the real test of ownership comes in. Every producer of
wealth, be he farmer or wage-slave,
must contribute surplus value to the
capitalist class. All they can retain
for themselves in return for their labor, is. upon the average, just
enough to keep them from day to
day while they ore able to work.
The small farmer, though ostensibly
owning his farm, nnd tools, and operating it by his own labor and that
of his family, is, like the outright
wage-slave, exceedingly fortunate if
he is able to keep square wilh the
world. They arc equally the slaves
of cupitul. paying tribute to that
monster in the shape of profit that
is coined from their bone and marrow. Capital produces nothing but
poverty and misery for human kind.
The social relation existing between
exploiters and exploited, masters and
slaves, Is an unhealthy one for human society. The prevailing low-
standard of morals and ethics, and
the rottenness and corruption
of present day civilization affords
ample evidence of it. The rule of
capital must tie brought to an end.
It is up to the working class to do
the job.
Many a working man has been befuddled Into believing that there was
some fundamental difference between
tho premises upon which republicans
and Democrats, or Conservatives and
liberals based their arguments and
from which they drew their conclusions. During times of political excitement when the passion and prejudices of men are aroused, oftentimes to the highest pitch, the very
din of conflict, the roar of heavy oratorical artillery, thc rattlo of small
boxes, discharging verbal explosives
and stlnk-pots, and the hungry clamor of, heelers, boosters and other
camp followers around the commissary wagon, are so realistically suggestive of actual warfare ♦'hat the
ordinary unthinking workingman falls
to discover tho sham character of
the performance. From the standpoint of the Interests of the working class the scrap lietween tho various factions of tho political party
of capitalism is a rank farce, As
far as tho workers are concerned it
makes no difference which of them
wins out in their struggles for possession of governmental powers..
There Is no labor Issue at stake between them. Whatever stand they
may take in regard to iconflicting interests between different combina-
atlons or factions of capitalists they
are is one ln defence of the of the
present system of property in    tbe
means of wealth production And its
consequent enslavement and exploitation of the working class. In regard to that there Is no difference
of opinion between them Thoir professed friendship for Labor and solicitude for Its welfare Is mere pretense assumed for the purpose of
rallying the workers to the support
of tho particular capitalist interest
that is masked beneath their hypocritical   pretentions.
The worker who can be hoodwinked
into supporting tho political and
economical schemes of capitalism
and its boosters in the original easy
mark, lf he knows anything at all
ho must realise thst his Interests
and those of his employer do not
lie in the same direction. It requires little brains to recognise tbat
fact. It then logically follows that
uny pdit mil or economic scheme
boosted by such employer in his Interest, cannot at tho same time further the interest of his employees.
If the workers were not "easy
marks" they could not be Induced to
support the schemes of their exploiters. Every workingman should be
able to understand that the Interest
of his exploiter, the one who makes
profit from his labor, and bis own
interests are not Identical. The
greater the exploter's profit tbe less
tho wage of the workingman. As
this conflict of Interest obtains In
the field of industry so does it obtain in tho field of politics. Every
political move made by either exploiters or exploited has for Its purposo tho furthering of the Interests
of the ones that are responsible for
such move. The political movements
of capitalists are intended to conserve capitalist interests, and are,
therefore, of necessity, against the
interests of the working class. Any
political or economic movement to
be in thc interest of labor must
likewise of necessity, be against the
interests of the capitalist class. No
such movement upon the part of
either class ran be supported by
niemU'iH of the opposing class without their becoming traitors to the
economic class to which they belong.
Whether they do so wilfully or ig-
iinraiitlv cuts no figure. The result
is the same. To the extent of their
sup|M>rt do they do Injury to the
interests of those to whom they are
bound by ties of a common interest,
lietween the various political parties of capitalism there is no difference In so far a* fundamentals
nre concerned. They stand alike for
the present wage-slave system with
its wealth and power lor capitalist
masters and Its narrow and miserable cxiitenco for staves. Being the
political expression of capitalist production they never fail to rally to
tho defence of that which gave (hem
birth. Whenever the interests of
capital arc threatened by any ag-
gresMlon upon the part of the workers, Republican. Democratic. Liberal
and CoiMcrvatlve forget their pretended differences and demonstrate
that they are kith and kin by standing solidly together in its defence.
No matter how conscienceless and
brutsl tho methods used to beat the
workers hack into meek submission
to their capitalist  masters.  It moots
with the approval of
nil  of
In the last naaly.i, th,r, ^  ^
but  one  political  party
ism.    Tn  the  course of
mask of hypocrisy and
tie torn from these Liber
***■ «splt»|.
ov*"'t» Um,
tgrtenti -■,.
I. cu
of th«
vstlve.   Republic snd  £n£jT
humbugs and their kinship will
disclosed to    all    mm.   *0yn,r or
later  they   will  be forced   to ,u,
uncovered In the presence of the
tltutlo as part    and   parcel
same    thing,   tho    political
whereby brutal ruling cl«„ IImim u
power to hold its victims, ths work
ers, in leash for robbery, „,-,„,    "
h is about time the worker, Ww„
awakening to the fsree that h«, w
long been played upon them y
tun*tet- for them and for hum-m
claty itself they are
There wilt presently be
doing that will be of sunset
the working class.    R
awn ken in K
tmatt t„
will be ton
by the workers themselves This
is ample assurance thut it „,n (w
well done. When it In done eapltallni,
and IU horde of politlml pir_u., „ri(j
boot-tors will tie In o|ilivl,,n, •„„.
wept, unhonorod and unsung "
Now that kidnapping ha* i„,.n ,^
dared constitutional by the Usitsd
States Supreme Court, lummy interstate rommerve might Im- boiMri
up hy kidnapping fat sapitallsts The
fatter tbe better.
Mrs F(**k«*-fJr|flfln. a rich society
woman of the New York smart *n.
recently gave a swell dinner to two
pet pigs. The old now occuplsd lbs
seat at the head of the table •titti
one of the darlings in whoa* honor
• he sptead was given upon tiibtt
The -imeriran Federal ias A
labor Is to hrlng |.ri-««'ir*. tn
bear mm Congress in '.-,.•> of
"' internal ion* t |»oare und iliiwrm-
flmmi " It is atneerelf Ik-pm
that "Samuel O" will uw t**sl present* with discrimination |.**t Cos-
rr*M tie flattened out like n—«<-ll a
pan-cake, for lnt?tanre
Dot-rn In Eastern Kentucky ! .*■«'"■
men are said to he Under nrm« rt*Ax
to wet tie by force s-une dispute owe
the title to coal laniU in thnt •»•
rion. Dollars to doughnut* theW*
lows with the e_nn have n<.t n del*
lir of Interest either tn itw run!
1-itHls or anything else. It i» ususll*-
that Mr* with the f.M.I* «h.. .1..'h-
gun fighting -tut. property
An attempt I" now Uini* mii'i-- ts
invt**tl«ate Ihe renorle-t pun-haw ol
n seat in the |'ntt«*l Statr* Setts"
ty Simon (lumrenheini.r if Colors,
do This I*" daAardlv in tho ex-
trerne. Is the sacred rig*1 "' • a*****
to purchase what he want". ilhehs«
the price, lo be dented? <>«' "l-"1
the demagogues who would
upon such s dangerous and r
Honor Innovation.
th 0
Socialist Patty of Canada
Ws, the Socialist Party ef Canada, is con-aatloa assembled, affirm
our allsgianee to sad support of tha principles and program of tht
revolutionary working class.
labor produces all waalth. sad te tke producers it should ticlong
The present sconomic system is bund upea capitalist owner.!..., of
ths mean*- of production, eeassqusatl* all tke products of lsbor la
long to the capitalist elass. Ths «x pltallst is therefore msster, lb'
worksr s slave.
80 long ss tks capitalist class remains ia posssaslon of tks rfrfsi
of government sll the {towers of tks stats will be ussd to prate, t **"
defend tksir property rights n ths mesas ef wealth production and
their control of the product of Ubor.
Ths capitalist system gives te ths capitalist aa sver-iwollinf
stream of profits, aad te tke worker sa ever-increasing measure ur
misery and degradation.
Ths interest of tks working class Hss ia tks direction of settn*
itself free from capitalist exploitation by tke abolition of the «w
•yitem, under which is cloaked tke robbery of tbe working-class st
the point of production. To accomplish tkls necessitate* the Irani1
formation of capitalist property ia ths means of wealth prodm-li*'*1
into collectlvs or working-clan* property.
The irrepressible confilct of interest between ths capitalist sml
tho worksr it rapidly culminating ia a struggle for possewion of Uj*
power of gorsrnmsat—tke capitalist to kold, tke worksr to secure H
by political action.   Tkls Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upoa all workers to organias under the hnnn"
of the -oculist Party of Canada with the ebje t of conquering h«*
public powers for tbe purpose of netting np and snforring ""'
wwnomlo program of tke working elass, as follows 1
1, The transformation, ss rapidly as possible, of enpltalist property in tbe means of wealth production (natural resources. fsotorie«,
mUls, railroads, etc.) Into the   eollsotivs   property of   ths working
t. Thorough and democratic organisation aad management of industry by the workers.
I. The establishment, ss speedily ss possible, of production for ut*
Instesd of production for profit .   .
JP» -Mat-Jit Party, whan ia office, shall always and svar.. where
until the present system Is abolished, make ths answer to thin nuM-
Hon its guiding rule ef conduct: Will this legislation advsnm th*
Interests of the working elass and aid ths workers In their class
■*ru««**,,„*«Mn»t capitalism f If it will the Boeisllst Psrty I" for l".
if it rill sot, the Socialist Party Is absolutely opposed to it.
Ia acoordanee with this principle the Socialist Psrty l'l-"«p'
Itself to conduct all public affairs placed In Its hsndn in such »
manner ss to promote the interests ef the working clsss alon«
•464«ft«ft*««OftO*«OO«OO««ft0«4®**** " 	
gAttrfoAV, -r-EBRUABY fl, 1907
tO WMHttS hLssifl.   *Ame**i*.   *__P_t_^_t*i_
Those columns have been placed at
tbe disposal Of the Party. Secretaries
of Locals are requested to take advantage of them In, st Intervals, reporting conditions ln their respective
localities. Communications under thU
hesd should be addressed to the Dominion or Provincial .Secretaries. Local secretaries are further requested to
look to these columns for announcements from the Executive Commitu-es.
By this means the business of the
Party will be facilitated and the Dominion and Provincial secretaries
relieved of a little Of tbe Increasing
burden of eorrespondsnoe.
Mamhsrahlp cards, each  01
Application blanks   (with platform) par 100 36
For the
Having  been authorized by
tbe publishers of tbe Western
Clarion to receive tubs it tbe
regular rate—$1.00 per year
_________________________________ and apply one ball of all money
.^ItrSSpSftU' Xhslirwe,ved *• tlw Central Cam-
»i_^^*&^ISp|o *■*. **« »'• "«•««*
j.g. morgan, secy l ngyettoQ to assist in swelling
TO OTUDBNTS OF SOCIALM*. jtWl f-nd  *» ******* »••» **
  'direct to me.   Cither renewals
la order to afford   comrsdei    sn
easy access to standard works    on Or HOW SUDS. tO W IMtll IQf  3
Socialism, lbs committee hss decided -       •_____ _.,       __
to by in a stock of literature.   The period olnot less than one year.
following are on hand snd will   be
sent post-paid to   any    address    st       YOUN  for   a   OenerOUS   Cam-
prices      quoted.      Two-cent  stamps
will be accepted for sums not escced- pajg||   pUBd   wj,|ch    mMB|    a
ing as cents. jr   ■
The Origin of the Family, (I*. vigOrOUS  Campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy
Sox 836. Vancouver, B. C.
I)own in Mexico thero has just been
a tragic ending to a liig strike involving iiuarl-- seven thousand men.
The strike resulted in rioting. Thc
government troops Interfered. They
tonk the secretary nnd vice-prcslduut
SB-awf-M*/     em*     **e     tea     *.e*e*me*a*-e*****f ■-_"
Ths    Social    Revolution (Karl
Kautsky)  „ _ SO
The World's Itsvolutlons (Era-
sat Uatermenn)  SO
Tbe Socialists,   who   tbey ars
and  what    they    stand for,
(John Spargo)   t .60
The Evolution of Man (Bo'schs)    .50
Modern     Socialism    (Chas. H.
Claas    Strug-Ies    In    America
(A. M. Simons) 	
Thc   Communist     Manifesto,
Ksrl   Msrs    to cents
Socialism.   Utopian   snd  Set- ______________-___________________-i
entific.  Marx h  En*-el«. ..to ctnti "'  **• ,,",,i" •md  *** 0«-h"r loaders
Wage,   Labor   and   Capital, [In the organisation prisoners, quelled
Karl  Mara    Scents tba strike and then, un the factory
Tbe Mission ot* tbe Working CU«*.   shinties wen; blotting, and ihe men
Chas.  Vail   .....        M m^^^m
Sccisli«_ and Farmers, A. M.
Simons 5 cents
Other works procured to order.
I'MiKIl "Ollt FLAG."
((llean.il from London Justice.)
Over «"MK» wen. mostly under Bfi,
applied tor attempted to) for u situation at No. I, Crseehorch Un«>, IS,
C , on Monday morning last. The
wag- offered uuu 22s l»cr week; no
particulars as to hour*, hoUMjwur*
and cl(*uning. SOOTSS of men no-a lhe
crowd, and M««-ii»g the absurolty of
wafting, walked avvuv. lhe time ml.
vertise.1 for application wan V to 10
a.m., but two men were thero at nix
o'clock, one ot whom came from Ne..
tUtrnet I tout •• Ier.*., many, thinking
themselves wide and tti.se, mado a|v-
pliration by letter. Ah it was, the
Mreet wss tilockiil. Applicants for
work on tho new Piccadilly and
llrompton Tube are informed that it
wen- K>,iiig to work, marched the
jiTi-nti...*-*-   to a  *»|M»<e in  front  of the
iiactory.   Then  ihe members of the
; working cluss comprising the military  squad  in charge of  the prison-
ier*H stepped buck the drsiwd number of pares nnd shot tbem .down in
[cold Mood. The throng of danad
workmen who unwillingly witnessed
the bbrrlMe sight waited for a moment until the smoke cleared away
and then entered the mill. They
hud lwoti given a lesson in class mastery as a warning to them not to
revolt again for bettor conditions.
Workingmen should know their place*
otherwise they run the risk of lieing
murdered. This horrible affair in
|is_loo   shows   what   capitalism   will
Ido where it has the po<-1 und is
not   Opposed    sharply    by   a   humane
und awakened public sentiment. The
same murderous methods would be
used in this country if the masters
idared (Colorado Tiull pens and Idaho
"justice" indicate this), nnd the soldiers hen- we un* afraid, would commit   the  same   murder  on  command
Is" fullv staffed, snd that ll.ishi writ-
ten applications have beam **_i**_\ppy\ M readily aTln"thTt-qmblle to
The last pirn* of Information should ^y mytfh _, „,,_-   D   „eral<1
be  useful  as  a  curl-paper  for   thut
advanced   Itadtral   screecher,   Lloyd*
George,  who opened tho railway.
After being out  of work  for three
months.   John     Younger,  of  Houns- |
low, told a constable ihot as ho was .
starving  ho  would     break  a   piste- .
glasa window  so thnt  he  might  he
locked  up.    Ho     was   too   weak     to
break   the  glass,   teit   the  constable
ran him in, when he was discovered
to  be soaked  to  the  skin  ond  positively fsmlshod.    This is a -rood example  to  follow,     only don't   wait
throe months.
A mnn named Vincent wns charged
at the Thames Police Court foi et-
tempting suicide. He could not get
On  a  woman at   Edmonton  being
arreated   on  a   charge  of  cremating
tho  bodies of children  entrust.*.!  to
her   care   who   hod   died.   **he   said
*'l did It  to make both ends meet. '
The maintenance of indoor paupers
for the year ended March 96 lust
cost, In London, £000.-0*' In the
provinces, £l,10M*M: non- Poor
Uiw establishments: l^ndon. t "■-*.-
109; provinces. £o8,fi72; out-door
relief: London, £151.0r)fl; provinces,
Xl,4ft8.721; lunatics, London, i*2.-*,-
•**-«: province-. £018,622; salftrtos,
otc: Ix-ndon, JM_8,.'li*. provinces,
£80«,.M0; loftn chargoa: London,
fMli.mn, provinces. £887,407; other
expenses: London. £288,317; prov-
luces,  £470,800.
An urtlclo in thc "limes" direct*
attention to the fact that cortified
insnnity has<increaNed from a proportion of 1 in 701 of the population  In   18-14  to  1   In  272  In  1005J	
and   suggests     thnt   this   is  due to , ■'•"»*~-"h!*"    b*eMin_ for tho produ-
"nhyslcll    changes,    either    In the   society be « «* «"*      humanity.-
bl-od  or in  tho fluid  or  tissues of jeers as •*•"
the brnin."     -
The progress of machinery in proline* ion is liest illustrated by thc following farts; In ll-WO one weaver
rati twetity-tixe spindles anu in 18'JO
he ran sixty-five. When an Knglish
silk throwster was told that in American mills the speed of machinery
has lieen Increased 5,000 to 7,500
rOVolutlons per minute, he said: *-lf
our murhiueiy v.ero mudo to go so
fust ull our girls would run away."
Today there ore mills in lh_ country running nt the rate rn^l5,tM)0
revolutions a minute. In Herman*, a
lilaekHiuith maksa <<0 beam hangi-rs a
day, while in Anwrlra a machine
makes Too a day. ln Adam Smith's
■ lav one pinmaker mn.le .1,800 pins a
.Iiiy. today one pinmaker makes 1,-
500,000 pins a day. The cost of
printing cotton in Kngland is } cent
a yard, and only 1-20 of a cent
here. The Massachusetts factory
worker gets 27 |>er cent, of whut**he
produces,    while     the     unorganised
smith Carolina worker only gets 10
|iei- cent: but the Massachusetts man
produces in u year $715 more than
the other for his employer. Tho
above figures show us that all progress in industry consists only in
profit for the capitalists, and that
increase of wages is not a direct improvement iu the present condition
of the working .lass. Only a decrease in lhe working hours can be
considered a truo betterment In tho
living of tlie producers of wealth.
But we must not forget, that only
through the social ownership of ull
machinery and instruments of production by the working' class will
progress In all branches of organised
Our    Tltnckburn   -nanufac^uror  declared thnt he  had   "read   with  astonishment the latest  proposal to establish  'cradle  rooms'  in  tho   mills,
und the suggest Ion that weaving mothers    should     lie   allowed   to  leave   .. . h    f
their  looms at regular Intervals to mnn  should   take, time ny to
feed   Iholr    children;    and  ho stoodi  lnck ftm| iny in two ol   three  do/.en
aghast  whon ho learnt the naineiiof    ,k ,,_,MSl>s for his wife before tne
some public mon who had idonilned |*            ,    0fIoctod.
themselves with tbe scheme.              mo,*-t'
Kmun.'iptit ion.
Plans looking to the merging of
thirty-six silk mills aro being perfected in New York. As a result,
there will undoubtedly be nn advance
in the price of silk,    F.very working-
Brussels. Nov. 30.—At Its
quurturs here, the International Socialist, committee which aspires to
establish a world-wide confederacy,
is planning a huge campaign in the
Lnited States. The avowed object
of this campaign is to make socialism the dominant power in American  politics.
in (lermany. France. Belgium,
Italy and other continental countries
Socialism already wields tremendous
influence which every government has
to reckon with. In Kngland it Is
rapidly gaining strength. It controls the independent labor party
which has a score of representatives
in Parliament.
In the great Republic of the west
however, it has Ixsen a comparatively negligible factor in politics.
It has no representatives in Congress and few, if any, in the state
legislatures . But now, when the
popular feeling in America uguiii-t
the power of the trusts and the dominance of wealth has attained sue*
proportions, the shrewd men who
constitute the international Socialist
committee at Bru*«x*ls, and pull the
strings which bind tho Socialist organizations of every country to the
central body, have decided that thc
time is rips in America for a propaganda which shull endeavor to unite
the forces of discontent under the
red banner. Not to fight, but to
vote, for socialism recognizes tbat
the ballot Is its most effective weapon.
Kmile Vandervelde, the parliamentary leader of tbe Belgian Socialists
and the moving spirit of the International Socialist bureau with whom
I have just had an interview, is
sanguine and confident.
"Tho Socialist Forty in America
at present," he aaid, "is not very
powerful so far as its actual voting
strength goes, but it is far more
powerful than many think. It is
spread all over tho country. There
is no place in which ardent, convinced Socialists are not to be
found. The chief Socialist organizations are in close touch with the international bureau, and tbey work in
full hurmony with it. I was particularly touched by the manner in
which this wus made manifest when
I travelled through America last
year. I went far, and to many-
places where I thought my name
was unknown, but every where I
went 1 was welcomed enthusiastically as a known and trusted comrade.
"And you think Socialists may become a political power in America?"
I asked.
"I do; in this way. Looking at
the example of Kngland and the
manifest tendencies of the United
States, I bcllev* that the people
will not be content any longer writhe two historic parties which up to
the present have divided power without any special attention to labor
interests. I lielieve that a great labor party will spring up and make
itself felt in the- I'njted States in
the near future.
\nd then the great political
partv of American Socialists will be
in existence; a party of Immense
power and possibilities. All tho
signs are there of its coming, and
everything is ready for its advent
tomorrow. The Socialist doctrines
an1 spreading rapidly in Ameritfu,
and Socialist organizations are
springing  up  everywhere.
■'First— The workman is everywhere discontented. He cannot be
contented as long as the .present condition of things  prevail.
"Second—The old conditions under
which classes merged into one are
gone. A mon who is dissatisfied can
no longer step out of his class Into
another. There is no such thing any
longer as a discontented laborer go
ing to the Par West and coming
back a millionaire in a few years.
The classes have got divided and the
working class is dissatisfied with the
position in which it is placed and
ln which it is kept by artificial barriers.
"Third—The Socialist doctrines are
spreading everywhere ln America,
and the discontented workingmen are
learning that only through socialism
can they find the means of changing
the conditions which they already
find insupportable.
Kmile Vandervelde has very little
in common with that type of man
who, in thc popular imagination, represents the ra'bid Socialist. He is
a particularly sane man. He did not
enter socialism through the gates of
Want and hunger. By personal experience he knows nothing of the
desperate struggle for existence
which dooms millions to hopeless
poverty, and which socialism aims
to mend. He is a product of that
section of society with which socialism wages war. Ho comes from the
up|*cr middle class, from which
judges, doctors and lawyers are
chiefly drawn  on  the continent.
He was graduated from a university, pas-seil his examinations brilliantly und inherited money enough
to free him from all necessity of
working for a livelihood. He became a Socialist when only nlne-
nineteen. Living at La Hulpe, some
half hour's railway journey from
Brussels, in a handsome villa, more
commodious than many an historic
castle, he has not escaped the sneer
that by retaining his inherited
wealth hc gives thc lie to his own
precepts. But it is significant that
it is only his political opponents
who bring this charge against him.
The Belgium Socialists Who' Met
know what use he makes of his private means have complete faith in
him and trust him implicitly. When
be speaks in the Belgium chamber
the consciousness of big battalions
behind him inspires him with confidence.
By temperament and training he is
well qualified for the position of
leadership which he holds. To enthusiasm he unites lawyer-like caution. He is equally at home addressing a mob or making a speech
in Parliament. He is a master of
both fiery denunciations and frigid
sarcasm. But it is as a moderator
of popular passion that bis influence
is most often exercised nowadays.
"Wait." is now  his watchword.
He went too far once, and had
cause to rue it. It was on the eve
of the Belgium elections of 1902.
He thought thc bourgeois organizations would collapoe before a Socialist outbreak and that the Belgium
civil guards would refuse to fire on
their own kinsmen. "Tr.e pear is ri(:e
.and it is for you to pluck it," he
•mid to 'the crcrwd assembled outside the Muisi.n du Peuple, the
headquarters of the international
bureau in Brussels.
But thc pear was not ripe and the
attempt to pluck it cost many lives.
A few hours later dead bodies were
strewn thick in the streets of Brussels and Lou vain. Defeated in their
strike, the Belgian Socialists suffered another rout at the polls. The
lesson was not lost on M. Vandervelde. It is a lesson which has
since contributed not a little to the
tranquili'ty of -several' European
countries, where, in times of excitement Socialists have strained hard
at the leash. Unknown to them, the
word from headquarters which held
them in check has generally been uttered  by Vandervelde.
Kverywhere the policy which hel
counsels is the same*. -Socialists
are bidden to join the labor organizations; work ardently for reforms
on which labor is united; attain to
positions of leadership wherever possible and  so  permeate those  bodies
with social lsttt that they will range
themselves under the socialistic banner. It is the policy which is being
pursued in England with such, results; It is that policy which is to
be pursued in America, with what
results remains to be seen.
The International bureau in the
Maison du Peuple ia called Our Vatican b.v tbe organ of th* Belgian
Socialist party. The simile is apt
and significant. As the popes aimed
at worldwide supremacy, so do those
who run the bureau dream of the
day when as the parliament of the
proletariat its rule will be worldwide. But the members of the international committee are no mere visionaries or wild enthusasts. They
have won to leadership in the fields
of actual conflict and contention.
Some of them possess world-wide
fame. Not a few of them, like M.
Vandervelde. come from that class
which socialism aims at overthrowing. Invariably these are men />f
high intellectual capacity and training. And there arc others, like August Bebel, the great leader of the
German Socialists, of humble birth,
who have every claim to be regarded as self-made men.
Twentv-one countries arc represented on the international committee. That the laws against Social
organizations in various countries
may tie the more easily evaded, its
powers and objects are purposely
vaguely defined. It cannot be said
that any one group or country exercises a dominating influence in its
councils, but. tbe Belgian representatives with M. Vandervelde at their
head, being always un the spot, necessarily exercise at all times a guiding if not a controlling influence.
Taught hy the fate of the first
great international Socialist organization, which was wrecked by jealousy and dissension in 1872, they
all work together in harmony. To
unite and strengthen the forces of
socialism the world over. Is their
aim. Tbe results of their deliberations are sent out to the various
socialist organizations in affiliation
with them scattered throughout the
globe. Special attention is paid to
the work of Socialist propaganda
among tbe working classes who emi-
f grate to the United States. Those
who become socialists before they
start are placed under Socialist
guidance immediately on landing.
Much id the work of the bureau is
done openly and may be found recorded in thc various official organs
of socialism, but there is another
branch of its work, and perhaps the
most important, which is conducted
with impenetrable secrecy. This is
notably the case with regard to
Russia. All the correspondence relating to the work of socialism there
is conducted in cypher. Were it
known the world would be astonished to learn what enormous power
and influence is exercised by the
bureau in directing the, warfare
which is now being waged against
autocracy- in the Cur's dominions.—
Philip Burnett, in  Buffalo Express.
at the 8Mb
Psrty of Canada skoakt ran a >
uadsr tbls bead. |1.00 psr aso
Secretariss pleass note.
_rit__* Columbia Ptmrlnetel 1
Committee. Socialist Party of (
ada. Meets every alternate T
day. D. G. McKenzie, Secret
Box 8j6, Vancouver, B. C
Socialist Party Candidates
Provincial Election Feb. 2,1907.
Grand Forks.
Jas. Cartwright
W. H. Moore.
John Mcinnes.
Edgar W. Dynes.
W. J. Ledingham.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite.
Frank Phillips.
Parker Williams.
J. W. S. Logie.
W. W. Lefeaux.
C Kifcyi*
Archie F. Berry.
Geo. E. Winkler.
Wm. Davidson.
J. E. Dubberly.
E. T. Kingsley.   ,
J. H. McVety.
R. P. Pettipiece.
A. R. Stebbings.
J. C. Watters.
(Continued from Page One.)
in, the powers of government in order that workers and not shirkers
shall write their mandate in the
laws of the land which will guarantee them the possession of the
wealth which their labor alone creates.
The promptitude with which the
city council appropriated $5,000 for
the relief of earthquake-stricken Jamaica cannot help but awaken somo
of us to a remembrance of the adage
"Charity begins at home." The people of the Island of Jamaica are undoubtedly in need of outside assistance just now, but it must be remembered that this is awinter resort
for wealthy people who are not so
much in need of money as immed-
ate supplies and hospital facilities,
which they are in a position to pay
for themselves. Furthermore it is
a tropical climate so that any temporary exposure to the weather they
may suffer will be ot the mildest
character. Right here in Winnipeg
there is want and suffering among
poor people which cannot be equalled In Jamaica. One case has been
given publicity of a man and wife
and two little children living in
rooms wholly uiidJrotecU*d from the
terrible cold of a Manitoba winter,
without food, and apparently the
only thing which kept them from
l«rishing wns the feeble flame of a
small coal-oil stove. The press re-
\ports that upon their condition being brought to the attention of tbe
proper autbirties, they were given
"some groceries and a larger coal-
oil stove." But then it is good advertising for the town to be among
the Heat to step into the arena
where the eyes of the world Just
now are focused with a contribution
to Jamaica, and it is poor advertising to lot it become known that
there are decent people in Winnipeg
willing to work for their living but
who are perishing of hunger and cold
while from press and pulpit there-"
swells one mighty chorus about
"prosperity." Charity, thy name is
hypocrisy.—Proletary, In Winnipeg
All over the world, wherever capitalism has developed, has como Socialism, its shadow. A Socialist is
just the samo wherever ho is—calls
his fellow-worker "comrade," and it
matters nothing to Mm whether the
comrade be' old or young, rich or
poor, male or female, white, black,
rod or yellow. .It is needful only
that ho shall have seen the vision
of tho coming day, when all men
shnll work shoulder to shoulder at
the common task of man, neither
seeking to enslave their brothers,
nor fearing lest their brothers enslave them.   A man who has once
Dominion Executive Committee,
ciallst Party ot Canada, at
every alternate Tuesday 3
Morgan, Secretary, Sti Ban"
Htreet, Vancouver, B. C
Local Vancouver. No. t, ft. P. of <
ada. Business) meetings w>
Monday evening at beadquart
Ingleside Block. Ill Cambie 8t>
(room 1, second floor). Edi
tional meetings every Sunday i
p. m.. ii. Sullivan Rail, Cord
Street. Irradetio _*erry# Secret
Bets m, Vaneotrrsr, B. C.
Local Toronto, S. P. of C—Meets
ery Sunday 3 p. m. at Davis r
corner Queen and Spadina A*.
ucs. F. Dale, SecreUry,
Henry Street. Finnish Bra
meets Sunday nights, same i
Jewish Branch, Sunday nights
185 1-2 Queen St. West.
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of C, m*
every Sunday, in Trades HaH;*.
2:50 p. m.   J. Coxon, SecreUry, ,
Princess St., Winnipeg, Man.
Local Nelson, & P. of C—MeeU
ery Friday evening at 8 p.m.
Miners' Union Hall, Nelson B
A. W. Harrod, Organizer.
To my Fellow Wage Workers:—
I ask you  to carefully read iv.
think  over theee  few  words 1  »*
to  address to you  on a matter,
great importance.
Until recently workingmen h.
never been asked to voluntarily c
tribute the funds necessary to ru
political campaign. We have alw
been used to having aU exper
paid by somebody and the only th
that was requested of us was to
to the polls like cattle and cast'
vote. In fact we never thou
about the matter at all, so of coo
we were not aware of the fact t
candidates and parties wben elec
to power always stood in the in
ests of the men or corporations
class who nominated them and p
their election expenses. Now, h-..
ever, a party organized, control
and financed by workingmen, i_
tiiercfure standing in the interest!
those who toil, comes forth 1
asks you as workers, to pay the
penses incident to this and all p
tical campaigns. Thia party, as
doubt you are aware, is the Soe
ist Party which in this city in t
election has nominated a full tic
of five workingmen, all well kne
to you. The expenses so far, ind
ing the five hundred dollars requi
for the deposits or nomination f.
have been contributed voluntarily
the working class of this city. St
however, have had to contrib
rather heavily which would not h
been the case had all done tl
share, however small.
And  now I  ask you  in  this,  -
last week of this election, not to;
this paper aside until you havo
solved to contribute your just ab
to your party.      All contribute
will be    acknowledged  as below
you wish It and every item of
pense will be shown so that you
see  how  your  money is expend
By the way, it would be inter>
ing. and wortb your while to ask
other  parties     where their elect
fund comes from and how it is
lf you wish the rule ot capita
continue whereby the working   cl
Is robbed of the** fruits of its la
all you have to do is to allow
capitalists to nominate and pa.*
expenses of their  (not your) cai
dates while you continue to vote
them.     But tf you wish the work
class of which you are a member
break the rule of capital and to
come free, you must expect and -
havo to pay for it.
Contributions may be sent by r
to It. G. McKenzie, Box 886,
left at Headquarters, 318 Can
street, or at the Clarion offlce.
The capitalist parties tell us t
these are prosperous times,  so,  ;
fellow workingmen, it is now u\
you.    Give what you can, howi
small, and at once.
Yours for Labor and liberty, fa
'one who Is willing-to pay the p
of freedom,"
seen this is a changed man fori*
—the world no longer seems the a
to  him.    He knows he is one 1
toward  tho victory,   and every
convert   hc   makes   is   another   s
There arc no backward stops. Wh
ever he is he casts his vote ,or .
cialism, and that vote you can cc
on  forever;   also  you  can  count
his  spare  pennies,   on  his  voice,
his    example,      day       and    nl,
wherever  he  bo.       And      thus
mighty array marches on to virt
fearing     nothing,     heeding  noth
never compromising!  never barg
ing, understanding that between
tico nnd  injustice,  there can IM
meeting   ground,   no   union,
battlo to the death—Upton
•on ne ;
j. 014 .1
n Sincl . ■
■i.i.i mm NisiMiiiis.
itwi nn sTuinTfTTi-i-nwlTr' *t FOOT
oWiWW, **WtiAitY a, nm?.
UHns-fl by R. P. Pi-I'ItFIgOK, to whom aU wnespondenoe for tbls department eho-ald be addressed.
Chemalnus,   Jan.   21,   1906.
Editor Western Clarion:
I thought you would like to know
how things are going on down here
In the political arena, and as everything looks rosy for us lt is a pleasure to give tbe information. Parker
haa Ladysmith right in hia mitt and
no mistake. Everybody thinks most
highly of him as a man and he Is
popular personally with his opponents. Ths ranching districts around
will vote almost solidly for him,
from all the reports I hear, but the
most cherring and encouraging feature of the whole affair to me is the
prevalence of Socialist sentiment
amongst the workers. I believe the
straight class-conscious vote alone
■would enable us to save the deposit.
Of course the men don't care to
talk too much, but a nod is as good
as a wink to me. Parker is running
the whole campaign himself, and is
making an excellent job of it, We
had a meeting in the Opera House
last Saturday. The Conservative
Cairns and the "Independent Labor"
man, Thomas, were present on the
platform and _*ar_er made the latter
look like - cents before he had finished with him. Cairns did not give
l'ar-er a chance for an opening,
merely taking exception to something Thomas said in reference to
the school trustee-, and then took a
place in the body of tbe hall.
Parker, although he was fighting
the grip, tac-led Tnomas in fine
shape. Taking up Thom_* platform
ne compared it witn tnat adopted
by tbe Laberal convention in Vancouver, l-0_, and several of ihe
planks were shown to be identical
in both. "It is easy to see, '•*! said
Parker, "where he gets his platform
from, but if i, was in his place 1
would have exercised some originality and tried to make it sound a
little different anyhow."
Thomas began to look sick. Parker then went on to question nis
right to the title of "1. _,. man. '
He showed that all previous I.L.P.
men had almost invariably been
chosen out of the ranks of the
unions owing tu their activity in
and service to the unions, but that
.could not bu said to apply in this
case. The trades union activity of
Mr.. Thomas had yet to be discovered. But as further evidence: that
hn had no right to the title he produced a letter from Gray declaring
that Thomas was not running in
connection with the Labor Party of
B. C, had absolutely no right to
Style himself as an 1. L. P. man and
waa getting no support from the 1.
L.P., and authorizing Parker i Williams to read the letter in public as
many times as he pleased. Thomas
looked completely crushed. But
", Parker had not finished. He invited
the audience to consider the source
from which Thomas had received his
nomination. "It is an accepted
fact," ho said, "that he was nomiti.
ated by the very parties hectaas con-
damned as thei ves and rogues." The
inference waa obvious. He had al
ways been a Liberal and was a liberal still. The audience enjoyed the
fun immensely as points were driven
home. The only man who did not
seem to see the Joke waa Thomas,
but nobody seemed to have any pity
for him. He stands about aa much
chance of being elected as a snowball
has in hades.
W Healing with Cairns, Parker Wil-
Hams said he waa only sorry tbat
there was no Chance to get up a
scrap with him from the little fa*
had aaid, but he would say this,
tbat Mr. Cairns could not represent
tba Interests of the workers because
' ho did not know what tbey were. Ho
was a rancher who knew of nothing
else than ranchers' Interests, and
while he might be fit to represent
those Interests he was wholly unfit,
from his training, to represent the
workers. It required a man who
bad lived the life of a worker, used
.tha pick and shovel, pushed a wheelbarrow, been black-listed and had
tramped around looking for a job, to
represent working class interests,
and Mr. Cairns had had no experience in that line. Altogether Parker Williams showed himself to be
what he really is, a man head and
[v shoulders above the average In ability, and immeasurably better fitted
than his opponents to represent
working-class interests.
We had an awful scare this morning.   I had    just got off tbe train
from "Nanaimo, where I had gone on
Sunday to see how they were getting
on there, when I was met by Brown
and another,  who    naked lf Parker
was on the train.    He was not and
theh thoy told me that he had been
disqualified    by not  filling out his
nomination paper properly and Thorns also for putting up the   wrong
kind of money.   The returning officer
had gone to Victoria about lt and
we were in a sorry plight.    At noon
I,the JR. O. came back and said he bad
[been instructed to issue the write as
I it was only a technical breach and
j'tbe Act provided for such. It was a
I relief to us, I can tell you, for «v-
I erybody seemed to bave blood In the
[eye for a time.   The Idea of losing
| Parker was not relished, I can tell
Editor Clarion:—
Dear Sir,—Dr. Stevenson, of this
city, has displayed a laudable ambition to discover tho meaning of Socialism before rushing into print on
the question—an example others
might follow with credit to themselves.
He has attended meetings and asked questions. If the enlightenment
to l*e exported did not occur, it is
not ultuguther the fault of the Socialist lecturers (Spitfire or other)
but rather because Br. Stevenson is
so deeply entrenched in the ditches
of capitalism that he is unable to
perceive the truth which is beyond
Anxiety for the preservation of the
home, as one of tho nation's bulwarks, is commendable, and it is
doubtless his experience as a landlord that has taught Br. Stevenson
the impossibility of homes without
a land basis. The unfortunate beings who are his tenants have also
learned this lesson and it is they and
their class who are able to perceive
that only by the abolition of private ownership in land and the productive forces of the nation can
homes for the entire people become
a possibility.
So long as one man owns twenty,
fifty or more homes which he cannot use except aa a means of revenue, so long must an equal number
of  families remain homeless.
Wben the land "is not owned by
any individual, but is made free of
access to all, how long, think you,
will it take the homeless (the renters and the lodgers) having also free
access to the workshops of the land,
to make homes for themselves?
The perpetuity of tnese homes will
depend, not upon the «*_od will of a
landlord, nor upon the possibility of
getting a job in the neighborhood,
but upon thc pleasure and desire oi
the owners and occupants, for the
occupant of a house will be ita
owner and will have an incontestable right to tbe use of the land so
long as he may desire.
Vancouver has witnessed something
of the perpetuity a home may obtain without personal ownership of
the land, in the continued residence
of the squatters on the foreshore of
the Park Reservat ion—and this under a system of private ownerahip!
What then is to hinder a home life
of uninterrupted continuity under a
system of public ownership? (Not
Government ownership—Dr. Stevenson confuses the two terms.)
.Lf a man may not will his home
to his son that need not signify that
tho son will remain homeless after
the death of his parent. On the contrary he need not wait for "Dead
men's shoes" or houses, but may
make a home for himself just as
soon-as he desires to do so, just as
the birds build nests when the mating season arrives.
If Dr. Stevenson will devote himself to a study of Mills' (Spitfire's)
"Struggle for Existence" for as long
a period a_ he has spent in defying
Socialist agitators to answer his
"poser," he may be able to comprehend the answers he receives. He
will understand, moreover, that Socialists advocate the ownership and
use of the wealth of the world by
those who work to produce that
wealth. It requires a vast amount
of "unpaid labor" to support a king
consequently while Socialists have
nothing whatever against the man
Edward, they must, in consistency
leave God to bis own initiative
about "saving the King."
When tbe flag of Labor—red because it typifies the blood of all
mankind—flouts above the capitals
of the World, there will be no more
kings, but a plenty more of MEN.
Editor Western Clarion:—
The following resolution was unanimously adopted at the last regular
meeting of Phoenix miners union and
ordered sent to your paper with a
request for publication.
Yours for the Revolution,
Financial Secretary.
Bro. Archie Berry a former member of Phoenix Miners'' Union No. 8,
is the candidate of the Socialist
Party to contest tbe Rossland Riding for the Provincial Legislature;
, Whereas, Bro. Berry is a man of
the highest integrity, a true union
man, and one who thoroughly understands tbe aims and objects of tbe
Socialist Party.
Therefore be it resolved:
That we the members of Phoenix
Miners' Union No. 8 tender to Bro.
Berry our moral support in his efforts for the betterment of his class.
And be it further resolved:
Tbat a copy of this resolution be
sent to Rossland Miners' Union
"Rossland Miner," "Daily News"
ahd the "Western Clarion."
Two terrible explosions of fire
damp, ono in Frt*„ce and the other
In Prussia, occurred on Jan. 38. A
fearful loss of life resulted In each
case. In the latter some 400 miners
were.entombed.. Tha "risks of capital" are Somewhat lessened by tbe
fact that fire damp does not gather
in the working places of capitalist*.
Guelph, Ont., Jan. 19, 1907.
Editor Clarion-
Enclosed please find a hammer
weighing six pounds, ta postal order
for six dollars—$6.00) to be used in
the present election. I coUected
that amount with the intention that
you should use it for breaking some
poor Orit nnd Tory scalps tn tbe
present campaign. 1 hope that you
will be able to show the plutes ln
R. C. that Socialism is on tbe decline by sending a dozen comrades to
lho legislature. I suppose you have
heard that the Toronto comrades
gave the capitalists quite a scare In
(he municipal elections and will try
again in the future. Wishing you
even* success in present election, I
Yours for the Revolution,
P.S.—We are getting the paper
very irregularly. Sometimes we don't
see it for four or five weeks in succession. I trust you will give this
matter your attention.—M. D.
On June 29, 1906, this offlce received from Comrade Davis the following:
"When Mr. O'Brien was in Guelph
I bought a subscription card for the
"Clarion" and forwarded it to Vancouver. It is five weeks already and
I have not received a copy of the
paper yet. Will you kindly send it
and oblige."
The "Clarion" mailing list showed
that Comrade Davis' paper had been
mailed  him   in   thc   regular  Guelph
bundle for the four weeks prior to
receipt  of   his     complaint.     During
this   time  his   name  being  tbe  last
one on the list,  his  paper carried,
in addition to the address slip bearing his name,  the slip  bearing tho
post  office  address,   "Guelph,  Ont."
His paper could therefore not go astray or be lost,  without the entire
Guelph   bundle    -uttering    <t similar
fate.     The  matter  was   reported to
the P.  O.  Department    and  In due
time report was made to this offlce
tbat   "Mr.   Davis  is  now   receiving
your paper regularly."    This report
was  signed    by  the  superintendent
of Railway Mail Service.   Just how
"regularly"     Comrade    Davis    has
since lieen receiving It Is indicated In
his    communication    above.     That
other Guelph subscribers are favored
with similar regular delivery is also
indicated by Comrade Davis' use of
the pronoun    "we," In reference to
the    matter.      Similar    complainta
from     all      parts     of     the    coun
try,  more especially from subscribers who get their mail at the smaller
towns.   As the papers are mailed at
at  the  Vancouver    offlce  regularly
each week, as a rule not later than
Friday a.m., each paper bearing the
subscriber's    name upon a  printed
address slip, and  where more than
ono paper goes to the same office tbe
bundle bearing    the    name of such
post office,  there ia no reason why
they should  not be  properly delivered unless there be somewhere in tho
P.O. service either gross carelessness
or a wilful  disposition to interfere
with  the   rights  of  individuals    to
obtain reading matter of their own
choosing.    From what we can learn
by enquiring into the matter we are
convinced the fault, as a rule, lies
with tho post office at points of delivery  to  the  subscriber,    ln  their
zeal  to defend  the  Interests of tbe
capitalist class petty postmasters aro
evidently assuming the authority to
censor the mails.   Subscribers should
emphatically demand of their post
masters that papers be delivered and
promptly report the result of their
demands to this offlce.   We will do
what, we can to see that they obtain
their rights in the premises.—Editor
Cltv of Mexico. Jan. IU.—The
strike In the Orlsaba district has
been broken at the cost of a largo
number oi lives, tbe price exacted as
tho government's vengeance for tho
rioting which occurred. The action
of the soldiers sent to the scene of
tbe troublo was ruthless and terrified
the strikers. Before tho cyea of
their fellow-workmen many of the
leaders in tho strike were executed.
The district is in a state of terror
and ra.J_-r than endanger their Uvea
5,662 of tho 7,08*1 strikers have resumed work. No man dares to express his discontent, for It is death
to do so.
With an eye to the spectacular,
and desiring to cowo tho strikers,
tho soldiers arranged the execution
of the tenders In dramatic manner,
.lust how many of them were slain
is unknown. Seven of tbe men,
however, ware killed today in the
sight of hundreds of persons.
A pathetic feature of the affair
was that the execution took place
when the workmen already had decided to give up the strike. The
presence of a lurgo number of soldiers and the fact that several men
previoualy had been killed, induced
them to yield.
Among the men shot this morning
were Rafael* Moreno, vice presl lent,
and Manuel .laures, secretary of the
workingmen 'a organisation. The executions occurred at 5.30 a.m., when
thousands of half-starved strikers
detaratincd to turn back to work.
Factory whistles were blowing and
throngs of men were about to enter
tbe open doors when they saw a
squad of soldiers leading the condemned men to the ruins of the
stores that had lieen razed by the
Placing the men on thc piles of
smouldering rubbish, tbe soldiers
stepped beck. Tho volley that followed closed the chapter of the
Tho throngs of dazed workmen who
unwittingly witnessed tbe horrible
sighC, waited for a moment until the
smoke cleared away, and then entered the mill. Later a workman
came to the door to resume work
within, and as be entered be
"Muerto*"      (Death.)
Instantly he was fired on and killed  by a squad of soldiers.
All of the executed tnen were
speedily buried.—Chisago Daily Socialist.
Read the above, ye wage-slavon of
Canada anil solace yourselves, if you
can, with the retWtion that you do
not live under the rule of capital
und are. therefore, not lioblo to
have such atrocities per'ietrated upon you.
G. A. OKELL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City. You can always
depend upon our bread.     Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, & C
J. Edward Wrd.    A. 0. Brydon-Jack
BARiu-rrEH*-, soiicnroru, art.
Tel. *_-*->. P.O. Boa. 082.
334 Hastings Hi. . . Vaaeoirsar. 1.0.
Union Directory
When They "set; waste They _«..
gPW krrry Label Uulou Id lhe untrtucc l, i.
•/.Mr- lo piste s est* soon- thu, h*.d. t, «, '*■
aiooth.   Sacrctarica visas* aotc ■**"*
International Association of Bridge
and Structural Ironworkers, Local
No. 97; meets in Labor Hall •;,„
and third Fridajr of the month at
* p. m. B. Jardin.-. Ke<-ur-ln*--H,-,-.
rotary.  Bos lltt, Vancouver,  H. (*,
Phoenix Miners* Union, No. t
W. F. II. Meets every Saturday
evening at 7 30 oclock in Minn*
2__.     J..h__ Mc,nni»'    President,
Walter Morrison, Secretary.
Ilrst Class Bar.       BiwBent ftonraa
Prices Moderal*.
At Ymir General Hospital a trained
nurse, wages $40.00 per   month
For further information write to
Secretary Ymir General Hospital
P. O. Drawer 506. Ymir, B. C,
Co .
* ClfiMS
* Ml lee*e St
C PETERS   *•*<•«-■'•••<
U.   r*_.lfcnw     ■* Unlike
Haas* ttsat Bants aad sho** i„ «<_■ >„
allattlca.    kr|jalitai prM-irflv si i.i i ■ -,
If Ota*.    Stock of st*.**!* „*.',> „.,-,*
Stmt alosjr* on haw!
aowPAf •••••• ftttttt****
"    ■   o 	
Vancouver, Jan. 28, 1907.
Editor Western Clarion:—
Dear Sir,—I have been instructed
to forward tbe following resolution
to your paper for publication, passed
at the regular meeting of Vancouver
Typographical Union, No, 2-8.
Sec. No. 236.
"Whereas, we have learned of the
removal by death from the ciphers
of earthly activity of P. J. O'Don-
oghuc, of Toronto;
"Resolved, that Vancouver Typographical Union hereby places upon
record Its 'appreciation of tbe long
and earnest work of deceased In the
cause of organized labor, and its
deep sense of the loss that cause has
sustained by his removal." j
•eats Of the good (.literals of tho
interior uro inil.iKiri.nislv circulating
the ynrn that Mr. Wm. Davidson, the
Hoci-li.st candidate for the Slocan,
"wus ot thc time of his election in
l'JO.'i ii comparatively poor man, but
is now living in luxury on a ton-
toousand dollar ranch near Victoria." This will lio news to "Bill,"
who still lives at Sandon, and
neither owns nor hua possession of
any ten-thousand dollar ranches except, in his mind. As thc only incentive to the Liberal or Conservative
to run for office is to gel away with
the swag, in case of election, it ls
quite logical thut tbey should attribute similar motives to decent
60  VIA**'
Tram Maims
CoPiateAtva he.
AsroasasniHiig askcO'liaiiSSasnlPlInn mi
t, steal? —inwulii our opinion frc*» wliatlier su
Inrtnitoa ts probably ptiianUMs._Conisiuiiiri>.
-■ ssrs-rlnspafina.
_ .    ..  *ann ATo. ncmlt*
mttlol eoUet, srlttMot «_«-*•, st th*
ttuns strictly <XMiB4a.ii ial. Ml
sast fret. OWaat aaanqr tot}
t-staou Uksn tkroatb M
Nt Ial eoUet, »lthqat cSargs
Scientific flmrkaa.
A hanSsnmal* Itlmtraiait waaslf. Lanrast atr.
dilation of an* *:j«ntm<! Journal. Tartaa, tl a
ymtt: fotir montba. IL Sold by all nawadaalar-.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Vancouver, H.C., Jan. 91, 1»07.
Notice Is'herctiy given thst, (Ai
days after date 1 intend to apply to
tho Hon. Commissioner of Lamia and
Works for ••errnlssion to pureha**o
Section B, Township «, Hange ft.
Coaat DfHtriet, Ititckley Valley,
Secard Hand Dealer
Vancouver, B.C., Jon. 91. 190T.
Notice is hereby given that, «0
days 0 .ter date 1 Intend to apply to
the Hon. Commissioner of Lands and
Works for permission to pnrahase
Section ih. Township 8, Range 5,
Coast District. Buckley Valley.
WANTED—At the Ymir General
Hospital, a duly qualified Practitioner and one with a number of
years experience. For particulars
wrile to '
Secretary Ymir General Ho-tpital.
P.O. Drawer 506, Ymir. B.C.
Please do not a'Idress communications relating to party affairs to this
paper or Its editor. The addresses of
the Dominion and Provincial Secretaries will he found In column s. page I.
Ity addressing all communications to
them much confusion and unnecessary
work win be avoided.
A T E *' "T S
Fnn*i«*t s Snd others who rt_ti«* t bc »<tvisatul
Ity of bavin* their Paltnt bosi-raa IrsfisarMd
hy liztirr-. frrelitnltury advice free. Chanjse.1
nsoderale. Oar Investor's Adtltst seat usoa
•-.-tt-11. Hs'looftM-rion,HewVoikLiftBWg,
WoiUfcal: <.,td W-liir.-tim, !>.<_, V.SJ-
A large and varied ss*
sortment of .Heater sni
Cook    Stoves,    st    bed
rock prices.
Boom Chain, snd Loggers' Tool* s Specialty.
New Iron Beds   from
Hardware, Junk and Purnitu.-r.
VfMcatmr. 6. Z
IM   CAMP   OK   FI-LO    AT
flSIS It BNSTt S emttet
IS es|Sf sues a-Mtiag
IRMHrf WOtmWRT R f JutWO with
• K_MU tmtiaa 0* **• k** .* >-**
aitrtty ymii.
W*mmi9li. SHOTGUN,
Mi  hsai.l  on ll,c
not a.il.t by !:•••
I lallaes. *m tttt* dttmt*. fSMB** r***
pa* tmmmpt *t -Mai-**- i»•,• >■■
**»** «l<s*.l«->**.'
aa*a -a<* ■>••
r   *  rr,
#. ancTKirs Aft_» *
-  __.-•«
■m.   Br..h> ■ 1
A I'-'
TOOL < n.
P. O. lira 4«»T
'.st in h c rVofr?3_
by buying thla
reliable, honest,
--high grade scw>
ing machine,
National Sewing Machine Co„
* rPACTOftY ATMLVroeRB. IU. r     1
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FCIt HAT soe te it
that the Genuine Union Label Is sswed in it.   "
a retailer baa loose labels In    his possession an 1
offers to put one In a hat tor yen. do not potronus
him.   Loose   I ibels In retail stores are cmiiiti-tf.it"
The genuine t nion   Label   Is psrforan*- on four
•die**, exactly ths aame us postage sump. Counterfeits are at*me times perforated on three mint*
and   some   Hi,ies only on two.   John B.-It"'*---< "
of Philadelphia, ts a non-union concern.
JOHlt A. MOI'-TiT, Wre*td*mu Orange, V 3.
MARTIN  LAWLOR, Searatary, 11 Waverly I'lnon
New fork.
COKE la aa excellent fuel for gratta, hall  atovea, furnaces snd
cooking stoves, making a clean, bright fire without smoke or dirt.
Vancouver Gas Cenipany, Ltd.


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