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The Western Clarion Sep 22, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
jiin i»
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, September 22, 1906.
ts* toss
Through the Columns of the New York "Independent" Joseph
Medill Patterson of Chicago explains how he lives in
Comfort at the expense of the Workers.
Tho "Indc|icmh»nt" has asked me
f,ir a short economic autobiography.
I comply in tho understanding thut
I „„, tulking about myself, the type
,,f the idle, rich young man, not iny-
s, if the individual.
Were 1 the only erne in the country
who had such un easy time of it,
then there need lie no such thing as
Socialism. But 1 nut far from teeing
ilie only one. There tire thousands of
others who produce, no wealth and
consume a great deal of it. Thero
ate thousands who produce no more
ihiin   I.   nntl     who   consume  twenty
ii s  as much.       He  it  remembered
that wherever the first |tersonal pronoun 11 used it is used to represent
th<' typo uml not the individual 1
hate an Income of between ten anil
twenty iliousuud dollars a year. 1
spend all of it. I produce nothing—
nm doing no work. 1 (the txpe) cun
ki-ep "ii doing this alt my lifc'iunless
tin- present social syHtem is changed.
M> income doet't descend upon me
like manna from heaven.   It  can be
In !     Some of it  conies from  thu
profits of a daily newspaper, sume of
ii 'nines from Chicago ruai estate,
viii" (rum the profits made by the
r,!tn\.huniiI and other railroads .
i. from thc profits of the? United
State** Steel Coriioration; some from
■ !,.• profitl of the American Tubai-co
e oiupuny.
v*. to Chicago re*al estate, I didn't
pill   i!   there.    Soltle of it   I  have* never
M*cn, It c.tniu into pc>N*u.**(Hion of my
fninil)   SOOM years ago,  when it  uus
• l,im|kt. People came to Chicago to
uuil. antl in proportion as their mini
Isms increased, the value of ihis real
roae automatically. The people uhie came t«t Chicago to work
i the Increase In value »but I
pel ihe benefttiof It. Then* are people who am willing to work mi this
let net I am not willing to do mi.
Htus we arrange that thoy shall
work  there and  pay  me  that minimi
• Imtc for my |*ormissioii.
Kit to I'ennsy Ivania, Tolincrco und
slocks anel bonds 1 know DO*
thing whatever about railroads, ox-
cepl hou lo read n tiine-tuttlo nnd to
bios* heaven for tho oightevti-hotu
train Yet 1 get un annual income
front railroads. It isn't the capi tei I-
i-is who supply nn* with my income
from railroads. 1 am one of them
myself—and WO couldn't nil be s
comfortable* together by merely
hitntling each other money l.uck uud
forth No. it must lie* the men who
work the "-nilroods or the traveller*
an I ship|>ers who contribute eiur in-
ctiincN. I'rnbnbly It is both. The
men who run the trains are* underpaid for the work they do, anil thowe
who ship or travel overpay for the
■•■I. ice they get. We capitalists get
Ui'   margin  between.
v., J-KEIJ-'WS 11!^**;  FOI! !>!Y!-
I have never be*en inside a sloe
mill; antl ] know about tohnren only
ns ii consumer. Vet the milkers- and
users of Steel and tobacco send me
"" their little checks twice a year
I never hnve to elun thorn.
Tho big capitalist may wonder nt
my audacjty in claiming fellowship
with him when I confess to an income of well under twenty thousand
dollars a your. Vet. after all. while
among exclusively capitalist circles I
am nothing much, still us compared
with the average American 1 am
I'i <-t ty  well off.
For instance, it takes to support
me just about twenty UnMM ns much
»'< il takes Ui support an average
"diking man eir (Minor. Ami thc
funny thing about it Is that these
workingmen anil farmers work hard
all year round, while 1 don't uork
nl   nil.
1 have better lood, better clothes
nnd n lietter house thnn the workers
who supply me with money to spend.
I can travel erftener, to more inter
est ing places, on faster trains nnd in
moro comfortable steamship calling
I havo horses to ride and drive, eb-
ni'siic servants to minister to mj|
wants, tho host physicians in case ol
sickness, If I nm fond of books I
can without much self-sacrifice creato
n respectable little library for my-
sclf. 1 db not live all your round in
the smoky, nervous, crowded city.
My child will never go to work in n
co'ton mill or n swoot-shop.
In short. 1 lead a far moro highly
clvlllted lifo than tho working people. I have ei'Tercel ma the choice of
'ill the best things that mnn in his
stay upon this earth litis discovered,
evolved or created. The worksing
l'eople do not hove this choice otTer-
od thorn. There is left for them tho
nhoddy things of life—hard work and
small reward. I have little or no
-••ork and the earth's best for ro
The work of tho working-iieople,
■-"thing olso, produces tho wealth,
which by somo hoous-poeuis arrangement Is transferred to mo. leaving
them bare, While thoy support me
in splendid stylo, what do 1 <K> tor
them? T/it the candid upholder of
lho prosont order answer, for 1 am
not nwtvro of doing anything for
It is said that I supply a wage
fund out of whieh their wages are
paid?   'Nonsense.   If overy bond anil
within the walls of a prison as outside of them.
City Stockade, Atlanta, Oa.,
September 4,  190«.
• • •
Editor Socialist Voice:—The Atlanta Work-House is called a "Stockade." Under the old slave regime a
stockade wus a kind of open corral
in which tho newly imported as well
as the rebellious slaves were kept at
night and this place inherited its
mime from the older institutions of
like character. At the present time
there wre about ones hundred and
seventy-five negro men and boys ;
about fifty negro women and girls,
thirty white men anel three white
women in this place, and this is
about the average the year around.
No work of any kind is done in tho
building. One squad works in the
stone quarry; thin squad consists of
the physically deformed, the young
boys and old mem. The majority of
the negro women work on the form,
a small number of them being util-
The most of thei men*
oth   while    and     black,   work  the
stock certificate ami overy real estate abstract were burned* today In
a huge bonfire, the vacated titles to
ownership falling naturally to tho
community, trains would pull out on
schedule time tomorrow. The trainmen, dispatchers, su|M*rlntendentH,
locomotives, cars and tracks would
bo there. The ci-devant, stock owner
would find himself nothing but a nuisance if hc went down to a freight-
yard and lie-run to meddle.
That my life is so much complete
than the lives of tho workers who
support BM hits ts-en excused on the;Ized ns cooks
ground that   they are loss "cultivat
(•d" and therefore less fitted to esn-1 streets in chain-gang fashion,
joy things which please inc. Hutl Everybody is around at threc-
that seems a little like begging the] thirty (3:30) a. m., for breakfast,
question. Many of them are not asf after which which everybody moves
well educated, bseauee they had to I out to work, returning about 6 p.m.
go to work as boys in the fields, the   so you set- we arc all union men and
women- that is, are work eight hours
before noon and eight hours after
The food served here is br follows:
llroakfnst consists of a large chunk
of cornbrcod, piece of fat (salt-i>etrc
cured hog) and some black molasses,
llinner consists of another chunk of
combread. another piece of fot hog
anel lionns. Tho bill of fare for ruji-
|ier is identical with that for breakfast, without, variation, except on
Sundays, when supper is dispensed
with altogether. Tea, coffee or beef
is unknown ns is nlso wheat broad.
The sleeping accommodations are
strong and durable. There is no Is-el-
Btead in the whole place. Evervbeidy
sleops on the floor on a thin roatress
mode of com shucks nnd corn cutis.
The  hundred     and  twenty-five negro
glusM factories, the mines, the mills
while I was pursuing my leisurely,
gentlemanly way through boarding-
school and University, I don't think
it was entirety natural aptitude that
mucked mo out for n university education, since 1 remember that frequently I had to pay money to tutors in drill into my head information of a icmurkably simple character. I wns fond of it good time*—and
that I hud. (If course it took money
which was obligingly supplied, via
my family, by the pressmen, the
switch-men, the cigarette girls, thc
rolling-mill  men,  etc.
Having in this pleasant fashion
achieved my education. I went to
uork in my fnlhor's business 1
"started   in  n(   the   bottom,"  as  the
saying goes.   1 became a reporter at
$15 a week If my father hud lieen
a broker I would havo started in to
swoop, out the offloe at $3 u week.
Most of my college friends who went
into Wall Street seem to have done
that Ilut I knew it whs play-act in
nil tho time, just as they did.
I uus not living on *jtl.*i a week basis and they wore not living on a $3
a week basis. I wasn't afraid of los
ing   my  job  just   because   it   was a
dull   season  and   I   was  the  greenest j -__—_—_—
cub cm the staff. I got my "allow-Citizens of Free-Great America:
aiice" in addition to the fifteen—-endj 1 will toll you a story of a Hostile allowance was by considerablejsian girl, Maria Bplridrmova—a story
the more substantial figure. The al- ■ „f one of those thousands of Itussian,
lownnco came from tho pressmen, j w-nmon who perish in the struggle for
switchmen, cigarette girls, the'other J freedom like flowers in the fire,
reporters,  etc.,  via   my   family. ■     '|'he>  story   is  loathsome,   it   is  ter-
II is just   this     "allowance"  that   rible:   it   will   shock     you—you  will
innke'S   nil   the   difference.     Suppose,   startle with awe; nnd loathing, but I
men sleep in a room about thirty by
fifty feet. The negro women sleep in
a room about, the same size. Tho
negro boys have a separate room,
some of the boys being as young as
seven or eight yenrs of age. The
room in which the white men sleep
Is about thirty by fifty foot.
My first night in this room was a
new experience, A large electric light
burns all night in the center of the
room, and. besides the human inmates, there are many s|iecimens of
other forms of life, such as electric
light bugs, flies, hc-dhugs, mosquitoes
lice and rats; but in the struggle for
texis't-nce, tho human species survives and every night some of the
individuals of the other species meet
instant death.
Instund of a whipping-post we have
here a whipping-chair. If you refuse
to work or don't work fast enough
to suit your "buss" or talk back,
next morning you are asked to sit
in a chair made for the purpose.
You are locked in this chair without
any possible means of oscaiie. The
upper part of the chair is then turned forward and clown, thus exposing
that port of your anatomy, on which
the strap is placed by no gentle
On Sundays we have preaching
here, beginning about 9 o'clock a. m.
and lasting until about 1.30, p. m.,
the attendance lieing compulsory.
The first. Sunday I was here. I was
given a seat by the preachers nnd
invited to preach, but when thc minister in charge came ho asked mo if
I was a preacher anel I told him 1
was a Socialist speaker. He said:
"What is Socialism? Does it save
people's souls?" I answered: "Not
lt fixes their heads!" He said: "Well
this meeting is conducted entirely tot
the purpose of saving souls." So, I
did not participate and as no souls
were saved nnd no heads fixed, thc
meeting seemed to me to lie an entire failure
Hoping to begin work in the California campaign b.v October 8th,
I'JOii, 1 nm a*, over.
Most Fraternally,
Your Comrade,
Tbe Comfort ahd Security of Life Within Prison Walls Graphically Contrasted With the Dangers. Uncertainties and
Insecurities That Prevail in the Jungle Outside.
When the coll door closed upon mc, {where a carriage stands waiting for
and 1 found myself once more in]you. Liveried servant upon the box,
prison, my mind flashed back through'ami another liveried servant beside
33 ywurs, anel to a certain day, when [you ; and after a short ride, jail
lonely ond destitute, a boy of 15, I j looms before you. One servant hands
wander*"! ln  tho city of London.       jyou  out,  another servant takes you
Our ship had put in for repairs and M*>  ■h" door closes and jail absorbs
Maxim Gorky TeUs of the Awful Cruelties Practiced Upon
Maria Spiridonova by the Relentless and Blood-Thirsty
Ruffians of. the Russian Gar.
sny to you. 1 ask of yon—o|ien your
hearts! No matter how loathsome
the truth may  lie, puniest mon must
instead of being un absolute idler, as
at  present.   I   go  to  work  and  oum
from $_.<MI0 to IdiQOO a year.     My
nllowance continues and brings mo in  know it
just   five  times  as   much  ns  I   earn.      .vn,i  y„Ui  women  of   America,  you
Al   first  blush I  would not Ih* called  -inst   know  all.   not   only  that  you
nn   idler.   li-cause  my  daily  physical  nmv   U>  proud    of    what    you  have
or   mantel   activity   would  lie  muni-  achieved   and  aro  achieving  in  your
test. Yet the RisewBRr** lor -men '.country, but also that you muy initio not work brings mo in just ftVs! nrdM on your children still greuter
limes ns much as tho salary forj hatred of oppression of man by mnn,
which   1   do  work.    As  regards  'he: still deeper and greater love of tree-
people who contribute* that alio'
mice I urn an economic idler, even
though us regards some other bus!
ness I am a worker. Indeed I might
fill n dual capacity as worker and
Idler in the sumo business. As a report or on a newspaper 1 was a
worker: as a memlier of a stockholding family  I  was nn idler.
Since our capitalists havo not yet
as a rule achieved tho hnbit of orna
mental idleness to the same extent ns
the effete aristocracies, they bitterly
resent being culled idlers. Thoy point
with pride to the fnct that nsid
from their trips abroad nnd thei
tho country  thoy  keep
do in
Tho peasants ol one of the villages
near the city of Tambov refused to
pay taxes until tho delegates whom
they intended to elect to the Duma
and whom tho Government, for that
reason, promptly imprisoned, wore
The Hussion Government views any
demand for justice on the part of
the people ns treason against supreme authority. Cossacks wore sent
into this vitiligo under tho command
of an oflicer numed Lujenovsky, nnd
this fat cynic, with the face of a
Batyr tuid tho honrt of a wolf, begun
to pacify tho rioters. Several mon
wore  knoiitocl  to  death,   many    were
girls wore assaulted.
eveekends    11   ""«2£"»__a7__"3| *»•-»■«-   "*•''      crippled,    women   nn.l
office   hours  religiously,    inn   as   to
thai portion of thoir incomes which
is '-allowance" thoy nro, economically speaking, idlers. I„t us coined
that as to thnt portion erf thoir incomes which is salary thoy ate workers and earn  thoir pay.
If n man produces *>2.000 worth of
wealth a year, anel consumes $10,000
worth a year, ho is overpaid, lf ho
is overpaid, some must Ito underpaid.
Socialism   urges tho    underpaid  to
unite and insist on receiving tho full
amount  of the wealth thoy produce.
__ __,,	
Comrade .Tnmos Osborne. Socialist
candidate for Governor of Georgia,
who is serving a thirty-day sentence
in n southern jail for tho heinous
crime of street-speaking, does'not allow any little experience like that to
dull his sense of humor. Although
",Iin," is blind, having lost his oye-
sigh) somo years since, ho possesses
koon powers of observation, and a
cheery disposition thot enables him
to w'nrd ofT tho shafts of adversity
with a "novel touched mo" nir, that
would be difficult to counterfeit. The
following cheery letter to the Socialist Voice, written nt his prosont' residence, tho City Stockade ol Atlanta, Oeorgia, turns tho lime-light upon tho Inner beauties of ono of capitalism's most venerable and oh*-
Ishdd Institutions, tho pristm. It
also goes to show that tho art of
"Having souls" can bo practiced with
about   tho   samo   degree   erf   success
Maria Spiridonova was n pretty
girl, of small stature, whoso young,
warm heart was not yet nctpmintod
with the filth nnd awe of life. Sho
learned of the deeds of Lujenovsky;
sho took upon herself the* role of
Nomosido, for in Kussia this avenging goddess is nn illegal person.
When Lujenovsky stopped on thc
platform of llorisoglobsk depot, the
Cossacks who surrounded him be»gnn
to disperse tho crowd, but no one
paid attention to tho little fragile
Three shuts wore hoard. They were
aimed with n firm hand. The corpulent body of Lujenovsky foil heavily
to tho ground. Everyone was paralyzed; no ono noticed whence the
shots came, The crowd thought thnt
tho Cossacks wore shooting, and in a
panic turned td flight.
Hut  on  tho platiprm  stood Maria
Spiridonova,  and  with  a firm  voice
•Shoot mo!"
Thon only did tho Cossacks notice
tho little girl—sho stood pressing* tho
pistol to hor tetmpte. A Cossack foil-*
od hor to tho ground with a blow
from tho butt of bis gun.
A CotSaok o'llcer, Abrnmov, sprang
nt. hor, and, grnbliing her by tho
hair, lifted hor into tho nil- with ono
hand, whilo with tho other ho was
raining blows on hor head. Thon ho
throw her little body violently to
the ground and shouted to the Cossacks:
"Beat her with all your force! No
Then those strong,  healthy, armed
men fell on the little, helple*ss body
of tho girl and began to break her
Abramciv kicked hor with his he-vw
boots. Hut not one sound escaped
from the lips of the girl.
How she was tortured in tho police
station is too awful to describe, Ab-*
rnmov and the police officer, Jdanov,
kicked   with   their  boots   tho  nake*d
and  senseless body  of  the girl  from
one corner  to the other.
Even the Cossacks and the policemen—men not use»d to compassion—
even they wore revolted by tho tortures of the girl. Here is, word for
word, tho testimony of a policeman
who was arrested {e-ir torturing the
girl  martyr:
"I felt cold in my overcoat, but
she was carried nakc*el into thc
street. She was lifted by the hair
and was lashed with nagaikas and
was told to scream."
A Cossack sergeant testified:
"I am a Cossack, and even I shiver
whon I think how sho was tortured."
Spiridonova lost the sight of one
eye, became deaf from tho blows, and
while in prison she became consumptive owing to injuries of thc lungs.
blind, deaf, spitting blood, she was
sentenced to ele*ath, but the judges
did not have the mercy to kill her as
once, and donth was remitted for 20
years' hard labor in Siberia.
•     •     •
Whon a man is boaton the blows
beat out of his soul, fii-st, respect
for his human follows, and it must
bo remembered thnt all Russian officials boar on their cheeks tho traces
of the slaps which they havo receiv-
e*d from higher officials. Thc official
of the highest rank receives moral
slaps in tho fnee from his master,
the Tsar, who. in his turn was beaten by his father—and by a Ja|ianese
The ambassadors of civilised countries shake in St. Petersburg the
hands of men who have shed streams
of blood of tho Russian people. The
financiers of Europe nnd America
sian government to aid it in the
think of giving money to the Rus-
Strurgghc against Its people, wl|loh
actually means money for murder.
That' tho bloody tragedy of the
struggle of the Russian Government
with its 'teople may coma to a speedy
end, anel that it may bring victory
to the right side, two conditions nre
To refuse! money to the Russian
To aid the Russian people in their
struggle for tho right to live.
My deep faith in the noble nature
of man gives mo the right to expect
that free America will not refuse
help to tho people of Russia, n iieople which must  lie free or perish.
I liclievo in the groat vision erf the
brotherhood of nations: to me this
is not n vision, lt is a religion.
I soe ln tho future on tho shores of
the Retiring Strait two statutes like
tho Statute of Liberty in Now York.
Thoy stretch forth thoir hands across
the Strait: thoy unite the two most
democratic families in the world into
one great  family.
This is the truth, for it Is so l*|oau-
tlful.—The Worker.
I was paid off with the other sail
ors. A week later, on this particu
lar afiernoon, I was wandering in
the district of Hammersmith with
no money in my pocket. A poor woman, reading, I suppose, somewhat
erf my forlorn condition in my face,
gave me a slice erf hrc'ncl-and-butter
and throe half-pence. I asked for nothing. A poln email saw hor give mo
the money. He tstckoncd me to him,
and took me to the police station. I
was innocent as a baby of what it
all meant. The next morning I was
brought before tho magistrates, and
was sentenced to 14 days' imprisonment in fold hath Fields for begging.
I came out of that prison a rebel
and I have isjen a reltel ever since.
I did not understand for many a
year aitor, why the youth of the nation could lie treateel in this fashion.
It was all a mystery. Hut one thing
was (|uite clear to mo from the moment I entered Coldbath Fields Prison, and that wns that society was
my ememy. 1 have never since
doubted that. I now know why it
is against mo, and all my class. I
know that it exists for property and
not for life. I know that the many
who are as I was that day, may rust
and rot with ignorance, dirt and
crime, so long as a few privileged
ones may hold intact their property-
robbed from the workers, and may-
add  more to  it.
Well, this all came back to me
when I found myself again in prison.
So vividly did it come back that as
1 stood and lookexl at that cyclindri-
cal roll erf bedding, and the plank
lied against the wall, and the prison
utensils in a row, it seemed but a
short day ago that I had come
from Coldbath Fields. I knew exactly how to make that roll of bedclothes, how to polish and place in
order all my prison utensils; and I
was in but thirty-six hours before
they took off my jacket and gave me
*»nother with a star upon it and a
ne*ss.  oliediencc. and order.
Anel now, as I have just S|»ent five
more* days under lock and key, and
while my impressions are vivid, I
hasten to give my impressions of
Jail is a most remarkable institution, lt strikes me as the only institution in which the poor man is
thoroughly cared for. Here he is
protected from all thieves, big and
little. Here no rack-renting landlord
will call for his back rent. Here no
one will trouble him for past debts.
Here the insurance agent will not
loeik you up to tell you to provide
for your death. Of jail the language
of Scripture may lie most aptly a*>-
plied : Here "tho wicked cease from
troubling and tho weary aro at rest."
One other general impression, and
I will close with my subject in due
order of its details.
Jail, I am convinced, is an immense advance upon nverage working-class conditions outside, and
therefore I advise two-thirds of the
workers outside*—-the unemployed, thet
casuals, and tho slum-dwellers—to
hasten to bring thoir conditions up
to the jail standard of comfort, or
go to jail. Make the capitalist secure to you as workers at least as
much order, decency, and nourishment as he will give you in his jail,
or go to jail. And now let us define
our object.
Jail is ihat institution through
which tho dominant clnss lays by tho
heels, confines and punishes all who
prove dangerous to its rule. This
dominant class prates religion and
morality, and makes profession of
tho Christian rule: but its faith is
only in ono thing—force. Its final
argument in opposition to your conscience or reason is jail.
Thc prosont dominant, clnss is a
propertied class. Its great god is
property, Consequently what it r«*-
gurds as great crimes, ore crimes
against property. Ratter tho heads
of your father and mother, wife and
child, hut stop short of killing them
ami ten to one you will got a milder
sentence than if you stole a few
pounds' worth of pro|terty. I know
there are now a few judges *and
magistrates vvho plnce lifo liefore
property, but. in the main whnt I
have said is true.
Society, as yet, recognises NO social law. It is anarchy! Individual
struggling against individual, to
snatch his own little good, without
any concern about tho good of the
rest. It is tho eternal jungle. Tho
methods huve changed, but the final
effects are tho same.
Society, or tho thing which passes
for society, allows you to go blundering along, your difficulties Increasing all the way, your troubles pressing more and moro upon you, until
somo day you become maddened nnd
strike oiit. against some rulo of society. Thon for the first time society, represented b.v a burly policeman, recognises your existence. Ho
places his hand upon your shoulder.
Ho marches you oft to the police-
station. Then to the pollco-rourt.
Hero, after a few legal preliminaries,
all on ono side for tho man without
property, yem are taken to tho door,
Jail first takes off your filthy rags
and gives ytiu a wash. To many it
is the first wash for weeks, to some
for months. After your bath Jail
next places Imfore you some clean
clothes. They may not satisfy the
demands of the latest fashion, but
they are clean anel comfortable, and
those are the first things that sensible people consider in clothes. You
have u pair of Socks, a pair of Woollen drawers, vest anel jacket. 1 want .
to know how mauy among the un-
ennployed and manual workers, of
those who exist on casual jobs and
inhabit the slums can command
these essentials of good clothing? 1
say if you can't command them you
ought to insist on having thorn, or,
failing to get them, go to Jail.
And again lot mo enforce the point
that the clothes in jail are scrupulously'clean.
The working-man, then, now at
Inst protested, and purified from tbe
filth of his capitalist drudgery anel
placed in cl«»an e-lothe*s, stands ready
for his cell. His filthy rags have
Iteen tied into a bundle, and will lie
carefully preserved until such time
as he shnll go forth to enter into the
capitalist scramble* once more. He-
is now numbered and inarched off to
his cell.
This cell—about 9 ft. by 12 ft., I
should say, and very lofty—certainly
contains moro air space than is provided for thousands of families in
the warrens of the poor, and the cell
is thoroughly hygienic and sanitary.
How many warrens of the poor arc
The whitewash is snow-white on
the cell above, which is painted a
solier brown Itelow. The window is
not very large, but, owing to the
walls being so white* and clean, there
deems to be plenty of light.
Anel you have this e*ell all to yourself, and you arc protected from any
undue crowd of visitors. The train
of your contemplations .will not be
broken by tho noise erf fools, whose
noise is the crackle of thorns under
a pot. Gabble is not allowed in
jail. And your food? Vory simple
but very pure—1 believe now that
the only pure food is to lie got in
jail, and for the simple reason that
hero it is so simple that it will not
pay the enterprising capitalist to adulterate it. You will not get any
Chicago abominations or tinned filth
for food in jail. In the first stage
your food is eight ounces of bread
and a pint of oatmeal thm* times a
day, anel your drink pure water.
Further on in your term a few potato-- are thrown in, and sometimes
towards the end a wee bit of meat,
and for your drink pure water all
the way. Anel you need have no
anxiety or trouble about your food,
you may lot your mind roam free on
higher things. When the time coincs
your food will be sure to arrive.
Talk about F.lijah anel his ravens, I
do not liclievo those ravens were a
patch upon your servants for prompt
titude and dispatch. Many a time I
believe poor old F.lijah was kept
waiting for his rations; you will
never be kept wniting. With a regularity, equalled only by the immutable action of tho laws of the universe, to the moment your cell door
will be thrown open and your servant will sny: "Here's your broad
and there's your water." Verily in
jail only may you carry out the
New Testament rulo and take no
thought for your lifo what you shall
ent or what yon shall drink, or for
your iKiely what you shall put on.
And again, here neither moth nor
rust will corrupt, nor thieves break
through nnd steal. No burglars will
trouble you  in jail.
And tho protection offered you
throughout—I pray you consider it!
It is so massive—so romploto! Every
day a doctor calls anel attends to
your ailments, and n parson calls to
"pray with you, or talk with you.oncf'
most marvellous of nil, every morning ono of your servants calls, stands
in thc doorway, and says: "Have
you any complaints to make?"
Fancy! (Have you any complaints
to make? Does anybody trouble
about your complaints outside? Why.
in London, Manchester, Liverpool
and Glasgow, and in all your big
laissez-fniro cities, a man may live
thirty years without knowing his
next door neighbor, nnd ho may die
alone, nnd days pass, and his corpse
IsM-ome hn If-put rifled without anyone inquiring for tho spirit!
Any complaints to make! What
fine irony upon your society outside!
Why. thej only recognition of n sooinh
law seems to come  from jail.
I have not mentioned the jnll bed.
It consists of a bedstead <rf four
planks, joined. which you stand
against tho col! wall by day, ami
throw down nt night. For bedclothes you have n mattress, u rug,
a blanket, and two sheets. Do you
mean to toll mo that two-thirds of
tho workers havo thoso outside?
While in jail yott think of the horrible  plight   of  millions outside  who
(Continued on page three.) _f  I
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(or wealth produced under capitalism
to be equitably distributed or even •
produced among the members
of human society. The more certain
does it therefore become that suffering and even starvation must ensue.
In the face of these facts the capitalist system- is doomed. As it can
no longer satisfy the needs of hiimutiJ
kind it must give way to some arrangement of social and industrial
affairs that will. The breaking up
of the old political movements pros-
age- the coining storm that will relegate the rule of capital to the lumber room of history' among thc
things that  were.
Watch this la_*l on your pa-
par. lf this nun**, ls on It,
your subscription expires tks
SATURDAY, SEPT.  22,  1906.
And Jacob called unto his sons and
said, gather yourseffves together and
harken unto your father. • * •
Issachar is a Strong Ass, crouching
down between two burdens.—Genesis
"The Canadian farmer Is the son of
Issachar. He is the Strong Ass of
Canadian politics. He is crouching
between two bunions. One is the
protective tariff: the other is in the
form erf bounties to corporations.".—
Thos. Brooks, at tho Farmers' Association Convention.
It requires no particularly keen
powers of observation to note that
oltl party lines are undergoing a process of breaking up. The old issues
no longer suffice to hold men loyal
to their previous political training.
For some mysterious reason large
numbers of men are reaching out for
a new light to guide their footsteps
and a new course by which they may-
steer to tha realization of those
hopes and aspirations for a greater
freedom and a pleasanter life, that
has always been the motive that has
driven humanity along the pathway
of progress.
The rernson of thc breaking up of
old party lines and the abandonment of old political traditions is
not far to seek. As tho development of capitalist production becomes more complete and the ownership and control of industry more
thoroughly concentratenl in the hands
of a few giant concerns, the former
conflict of interests in the business
world out of which arose the political differences between protectionists and free traders, gold standard
and free silver, etc., etc., vanish.
The particular -policy that conserves
the interest of the huge capitalist
combines becomes the order of the
day and ns completely dominant in
controlling and shaping the political institution of a country ns they
are in controlling its industrial affairs. In this event the previous political issues lose their sugnificance.
The old time slogans which once
aroused men to political conflict fall
upon deaf ears. The former political
alignment can no longer be maintained. The economic reason for
such alignment no longer exists. The
hour has strick for a new conception erf the material factors upon
which civilization rests and for a
new alignment of those forces that
instinctively make for still further
advancement and progress.
The conception that is now fastening itself upon the minds of men is
that the material factors of wealth-
■ production—land and machinery—the
things which are collecti*vcl*y o*»er-
ated, and upon the operation of
which all depend for their sustenance, should be owned and controlled as they are operated, i.e.,
collectively. In other words, the
means of production should be the
collective property of the- workers
who operate them, i.e., the property
of the workinb-class; then securing
to every memlier of the community
thc opportunity to feed, clothe und
shelter himself as a result of his
own labor, without being exploited
by another man or set of men. To
bring about the nee-essary transformation of property from capitalist
hands into thc hands of u working-
class state, for the purpose of ending the present class rule and freeing labor from exploitation, renders
it imperative that the workers obtain control of the present, or capitalist state. This is the new political move to lie made upon thc
chessboard of events. It is for this
purpose that the new political
alignment is being made, the prelude
to which is the breaking up of the
old political parties. The reason
for this 1 breaking up and the new.
alignment of forces need not bo
sought in the whim, caprice, or vicious tendency of men. it lies in tho
material factors upon which civilisation exists, the development of
which has reached the point "whore
they become incompatible with tneir
capitalist judgment."
In other words, human society can
no longor feed, clothe and shelter
itself under capitalist administration
of industry. Tho greater the volume
the more impossible docs it become
Tho somewhat doubtful honor attached to tho position of "the strong
ass in Canadian politics" need not
all bc heaped upon the farmer. His
pro-rata of tho load will be quite
sufficient to gall him exceedingly
once he realizes the nature of the
game that is played upon him under
tho rule of his present economic mas-»
ters. The "protective tariff" and
"bounties to corporations," that
Brooks had in his mind's eye, are
merely incidents of the game, and are I
not in themselves the cause of the
sore spots that are becoming all too
numerous on thc farmer's back.
The working farmer, in common
with the out and out wage-earner, is
a victim of capital. Into its capacious and hungry maw he must surrender tho products of his labor, fortunate indeed, if he secures enough
in return to keep himself and family
outside the poorhouse. Out of the
labor of farm, mine, factory and
transportation is coined the fabulous masses of capital that constitutes the enormous and crushing eco/
nomic power of the ruling class of
modern times. Every dollar of such
capitalization represents the unpaid
toil of the workers of city and country alike, and to which still further
tribute must be paid in the shape of
additional surplus value in oreler
that they may still further prolong
thoir existence as economic slaves of
lf the farmers and the wage-earners will hut stop anel think for a
moment they will discover that they
are in no sense of thc word working
for themselves. The farmer must surrender the product of his labor to
tho capitalist concerns which control
the avenues through which it must
pass in order that its final price may
be realized through sale to the con-
sumters, the latter is compelled to deliver his labor-power direct to the
same concerns. These capitalist
combinations and concerns are not
in the business either for their houitltl
or for the purpose of making life
easy for those who come within their
power. Thoy are in business for profit anel as they occupy a position
that enables tbem to absolutely com*
innnd the services of labor and seize
its product they of course realize all
the "traffic will bear." This means
to workers only a bare living at the
most, no matter how great, their
power of wealth production may
lie. This must of necessity continue
as long as the means of production
are allowed to remain as the property of a ruling class and to be used
a« capital or means of exploitation.
Surely the working mnn is the
"strong ass of Canadian politics"
as it is by his consent alone that
the present economic and political
regime is tolerated. That he can be
induced to give his consent to a
system of property in the means of
production that is continually heaping increased burdens upon him, not
only proves him an "ass" but an
uncommonly stupid one at that. Tho
term workingman is here intended to
apply to thc farmer and the wage-
earner alike. The*"diflerence between
lliein is one of appearance only. They
aro the equally exploited victims of
capitalist properity. Each is compelled to surrender his hide in exchange for a miserable and narrow
It augurs well for the future that
both the farmer and the wago-earner
are beginning to chafe under the collar of capitalist rule. The hungry
horde of profit-mongering labor skinners had better refrain from bearing
too heavily upon "the strong ass
of Canadian politics," lost they discover to their sorrow that what theyfr]
mistook for an "ass" wss in reality
a lion in nn ass's skin,
0      '   '
Now thot Tropoff has taken It upon himself to shuffle off upon his
own hook, it will save the Revolutionists the necessity of popping him
off with a bomb.
Sevente-oh marines tohdehined to
death for participation in the
SWaborg mutiny, wore shot in Hel-
-Ingfors, Finland, on Sept. 18. This
was not assassination, as it was
done merely in the interests of "law
and  order."
 o —
A Sociulist local hus been established in Charleston, South Carolina.
That is Senator Tillman's state, _nd
("that worthy recently said: "lf Socialists invade tho South, we'll just
have lo shoot them, like niggers."
The Senator can now go forth with
his shot-gun and begin business.
The local daily "epileptic" came
out on Monday lust with scaro head
announcements of the dissolution of
the Provincial Parliament and tho
calling of an election in December.
Those fits are occurring with most
alarming frequency. No condemned
murderer could be more nervous over
the probable date of his execution.
The postoftice employees of the United States have formed a national
union and will endeavor to secure
shorter hours and an increase of
pay. If necessary thoy will strike in
order to attain their purpose. Hurrah for government ownership! Let
us expend our energies in getting
more nf it. It is a lot better than
capitalist ownership ss any one can
see, with half an eye.
Tho last of the trumped-up charges
against Vincent St. John erf the
Western Federation ot Mi nets is to
lie quashed in the court at Grand
Junction. Colorado, on October 8.
The foul conspiracy of the mine owners association to murder officials of
the W. F. of M., thus receives another body blow. The irresponsible*
St. John is to return to Idaho to
continue his work of organizing tho
Thc interest in Moyer Haywood
and Pettibone persists in not dying
out among the workers of thc United States. Enormous meetings are
still lieing held and most vigorous
resolutions passed in denunciation of
the outrage perpetrated upon them
by the clumsy ruffians erf capitalist
property. The result of the election
in November will go far to show
whether the protest is an' intelligent
one or otherwise.
 ! o	
In its report to thc convention at
Victoria the executive committers of
the Trades and Labor Congress remarks: "That the Congress is truly
the Parliament of Labor." if such
parliaments were sitting at Ottawa
and the various Provincial capitalists as the duly elected instruments
of the Canadian working-class, it
strikes us that thoir decrees would
have more far-reaching and lasting
elfect. What do you think about it,
Mr. Union Man?
To   that   Street   cortiCr
semi-anarchist   freaks  wh"  ***■»
luueUnl   of
denouncing political action
plan, and vociferously proclaiming
tho superlative' virtues ol siino "economic" contraption thut has MOD
hatched from their own ignorance,
lho following from Willium D Haywood's letter of acceptance la roc
oiiimcnded   for   consideration
"Tho economic power oi organised
labor is determined by united poiiticni uclion. To will demands inado
un the industrial field it is absolutely necessary to control the bronchos
of government, ns past experience
shows every strike to have boon lost
through the Interference of courts
and  militia."
lt is now up to thoso worthies who
can soe no menace td the working-
class except in thc "labor lieutenant" and "craft unionism," to cull
Comrade Haywood sharply to uc-
eount for his practical repudiation
of thoir pet aberrations.
TACOMA. Wash , Sept. 17,—Klict-
tat Co.. Socialists, show signs erf
life. Thoy aro to bold o county convention in that county in tho vory
neur future. Thoy stand for tho abolition   of   private   ownership  of   tho
means of wealth product ion,
Comrade A. T. Higby, erf I.ylo. is
tho pioneer Socialist of that region,
and ho reports that he is leading n
strenuous  life.
Reports roach this offlce that enthusiastic moot Ings are lieidg hold
iu all  parts  of tho State.
Two more* locals wore granted char
tors at tho last meeting of tho State
Executive Committee, and thore aro
two more applications now  on file*
'cople begin to soe that if the
world woro full of enthusiastic Socialists, thoy could do nothing without  thorough  organization.
Ono Socialist in the* orgunizc-d
movement i.s probably worth more to
the  cause  than   twenty   iiuorgiini/ed.
From all parts of tho State route
demands for speakers, anel there is a
scarcity that  is discouraging.
Hnshinn r-VcuuUo-    in a  U-ivbtrkal
"It has revealed to thn Workcre of
the onl ire world its mt*Sns nnd Its
■nds, its powers and its destinies. It
menaces   all   despotisms,   ull   tippres-
all   oxploitution   of  man
shaken  by  it
Samuel Gompers, the Don Quixote
of the American labor movement,
wont down to the State of Maine
to take a tilt at the Republican
windmill, Littleficlel, during the recent election. Like Cervante's hero,
Sam got the worst of it, and the
windmill escaped unscathed. Little-
field was re-elected to Congress.
Thus is Sam's policy erf "rewarding
our friends and chastening our enemies," vindicated as thc only correct and feasible policy for lobor to
follow.   Great is Samuel!
 o         B^
.1. Ramsay Maedonald, the much-
heralded labor member of the British
House of Commons, brought joy to
the heart of the Victoria Timers during his recent speech in that city.
Although J. Ramsay declared him'
self a Socialist, he, "in no uncertain
terms disavowed all connection with
the Socialist Party as it. existed in
Canada and the United States
With all due respect to J. R. and
his type it occurs to us thot there
is something peculiarly suggestive
about the brand of Socialism that
can bring joy to the heart of a Brit
ish Columbia Liberal at this stage
of the game.
From the New York Workor wo
learn that when the public schools
o'f that city oiiencd for the fall term
on Monday, Sept. 10, it was found
necessary to put from 65,000 to 80,
000 children on part time, owing to
lack of sufficient school ac-cnmrneidn
tions. The "Worker" does not fail
to point out that a similar condi
tion has prevailed for a number of
years regardless of what politicul
party was in power. Thc American
people are eviilently so busy enjoying
prosperity that they have little timo
to bother with such trifles as providing educational facilities for children.
According to "Thc llikuri," ono
erf our Japanese exchanges, there is
much discontent in the Japanese
army. Among the troops recently
despatched to Korea one entire com
pany revolted. About fifty of them
were sentenced to terms of imprison
ment ranging from one to two
years. Recently an entire regiment
broke away in Tokio on account of
the cruelty of their officers. The
loader of this revolt proclaimed himself a Socialist. Tho revolters are
now under trial and will no doubt
be severely dealt with. "Jlikarl"
sees in these outbreaks the beginning
of serious troubles for the Japanese
ruling class in the near future. It is
earnestly hoped that they may get
all that is coming to them.
Having failed to defeat Littlcfiold,
one of thc Republicans who hns especially aroused his ire because of
his unfriendliness to labor, the
doughty Gompers is now going into
"Undo Joe Cannon's" district In
Illinois to take a fall out of hirn. It
will bo rememhored that "Uncle Joe"
is speaker of the House at Washington, and particularly obnoxious because of his contempt for the sons
of toil. As tho only candidate running against Cannon is the nominee
of the Socialist Party, lt will bo
efulto interesting to know what Samuel will do under tho circumstances.
The Socialist candidate happens to
be a member of tho United Minn
Workers, one of Sam's revenue producers,
Distinguished French Author, With
Flaming Pen, Calls on World's
Workers to Support the Sociul
Tho Committee of Free Russia in
Paris have just issued a re-markable
indictment 61 the Russian Govern*
ment's complicity in "pogroms." The
work is compiled by E. Sctnenofl
and is ontitlod "l'ne page de la Con
tre—Revolution Russo (LeH I'o-
gromes.)'" The preface, written by
Vnutole Frahce, is to form a portion
of a book, shortly to lie published
on Russia. Tho eloquent words of
this distinguished French Arademi
cinn aro of more thon national inter*
est. He speaks, it is true, to the
French proletariat but, through them
be addresses tho workers of the whole
world, as the concluding paragraph
of  the  preface attest', Wm~^
He begins by pointing e>ut that tho
Russian people have tc» work out
thoir own ilostiny and thut outsiders
nre not in a position te» criticise
thoir tactics. Ilut he goes on to
point eiut tho moral of the Itussiun
struggle for freedom and tho way in
which tho workers of Frunce and of
the world can render help. Ho continue**!:
"Wo stand transfixed with admira
tion and overwhelmed with anguish
nt thc sublime refusal of these workmen, before the invincible front they
offer to the cemdemned rc-giroo, A
multitude of picople exposing themselves with a single heart to the*
blackest misery, to the tortures erf
hunger and of cold, and counting
only, for its own safety and for the
triumph of tho cause, on its index
iblc will to suffer; has over anything
greater be-on soe in the world's history?
"Thc general strike, tho strike erf
thc proletariat and thc 'intcllcctu
als'—united for a few days—has con-
quored Tsarism. This monster of
power, of pritle nnd of wealth, goes
down before workmen who can bear
hunger. Thc strike wns vicTorious,
and the Tsar gave way. He promised a constitution, liberty.
One knows the rest, how tho military beauieaucracy to cancel imperial
promise, organized massacres, massacres of workmen, of students, of 'in
tedf|er tun Is,' of Jews. In three towns
ut the sumo time, black bands, carrying the imago of thc Tsar and tho
flags of tho Empire, march, armed,
under thc escort of the poiice unci of
agents of the public safety, against
tho Jewish quarters. They kill, violate, pilago and burn, for whole
days and nights.
"This, also, ono sees at Baku, Odessa, Kiev, Nikoluciv, EliHul.-ihgriiil,
nt RostolT-on-Don, Saratov, Tomnk,
Tosy, Ekatcrinoslnv, Tlflis. Thon wo
learn that all is calm. Wretched
Jews escaped from death, wept in
silence, sitting on thc ruins of their
burnt homes, rtcar tho corpses of
their butchered  relatives.
...'The tears of tho unfortunate, the
blood of tho dead, cry out and wo
hear them. We have the religion of
humanity. Wo know neither Jews
nor Christians. Wo only know murderers nnd thoir victims. Dead of
Keiv, Baku, of Saratov, and of Oil-
esia, ghosts of Gomel and of llclos-
tok, raise yourselves, show yourselves to the rich, to the happy of
the earth, you mutilated corpses, return, again and again, until the
whole world revolts with horror!
"How long will tho mad agony of
Tsarism ondure? Of what terrors is
tho monster yet capable? What regime can succeed it? Can tho revolutionaries and tho Russian Liberals
be paid for all their labors? Can all
thc generous blood of 'intellectuals'
and of the revolted who in the
streets perishod for justice* nnd for
lihcrty have been shod In vain?
Whatever may bo thc issue of un enterprise so vast and lerr'blo, tho
Russian workers have, up to tho
present, exercised o decisive Influence
on their country and tho world. Tho
1111111. Thrones aro^^^^^^^^^^^^
ancient Austria the revolution ruiu-
lilos In Germany. Sucinl-l-oliiocruCv
powerfully organized, but, up to BOW*
placid und good-natured, looks ovur
tu St. I'etersbltrg and to Moscow
and bt-f-ins to stir Itself. B«»hel has
tuiu lhe Chancellor uml the deputise
of tho empire of it, and the old Socialist has given to the counsellor of
tho Kaiser thl*( sinister warning: 'Re-
lloot: tho revolutionary uprising
which is taking place in Russia has
its echo In the heart of tho German
"And we Frenchmen, is our political and social stute such that wo
havo no need to occupy ourselves
with tho groat chungos that are preparing In the world? Have we no
black bands? Is the time* of Mclino
and Dupuy so far distant, when tho
Nationalist terror reigned in Paris,
and when a Dominican monk publicly
exhorted the 'Generalissimo' of the
Preach army to tho maKsarro of Republicans?
"We tin not lose sense erf proportion. Tho affirs of our country arc*
its light COQWdy to the soniliru drama
of Russia. It is on the bunks erf tho
Neva, tho 'Vistula, nnd tho Volga
that is being de-cided the lot of
Europe ami humanity of tho future
Strange change of nations unci ideas.
Our brothers of '89 have taught
ESuTOpe the 'liourfreolHe*' revolution,
and hero, in return, tho Russian
workers give us tho lesson erf social
"VU this hour, when noble* men,
whom it is for ut neither to urge on
nor to hold back, lubor and sutler
for the eteliveranre of lho oppressed
of Russia and erf the worki, th«
French proletariat ought to declare
Itttflf solid for tho Russian proletariat. If our governors, if our ruling
clusses. itttempt at any time sonic
movement— military, diplomatic, or
fi italic ial—in favor of Tsarism against
the revolution, the French workers
ought to oppose it with all their
"Lei ns plodgo ourselves here tei
help, to servo by all the means in
our power the- revolution, which, far
olT though it may lie, rumble*** in «ur
oars, for thore Is already net distance between |»cetple*s. Ijet us »»nd
fraternal greetings and rentttert Ail
homage to thc Russia which fights
for its liberty; to Finland so Arm in
its hold on rights vlolatetl by a perjured ont|*eror. nnd to Pol und. which
knows, with a glorious mixture erf
terrorism and of wisdom, how to reconcile    logitininto    aspirations   and
necessary solidarity, end let us make
beard this now great  thought
" -Workers of .ill rotmtries tinito
tO prepare for tho coining erf sis nil
just ice and the |s»eeco of the world-' "
    K****ry Lsbor Union In Hit piovn,
viU'U lo pls< r s rsrd unarr tl ■> hnd
.11..nlli.    Ke-cre-tsrirs virus* n, if,
li.u   w
Phoenix     Miners'   Union,   No   *
W. F. M.    Meet,   every' _3rdJ
evening at 7-_o o'clock in Mm-,,-
kail.     V.  Ingram,  preaid-t   w  .
Pkkard, secretary.
J. Edward Bird,    A. C. llrydon-jitl
(too. E. McCrossnn.
Tal. 8_9. P.O. Ilox, uaa.
834 Hastings Bt. . . Vancouver, f| 0,
Socialist fclcrj
gAT Every Local of the Noeiaii-e
Party of Canada ahould run % art
under this head, fl.00 (ier motnh
Secretaries planes note.
Brltf-h Columbia Provincial i:<t-cutif>
Committee, Socialist Party of c n-
ada.    Meets every alternate TV*.
day.    D. G. McKenzic, Secret
Box 8j6, Vancouver, Ii. <
Dominion Rset*ative Comnilu-v, _*.
delist Party of Canada M"_
every alternate Tuesday j .",.
Morgan, Secretary. 661 iuen.,nl
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vanoanver, No. I, s. p. of < t*.
ada. Bustneaa meettnici '1
Monday evening st headquart 1
Ingleslds Block. Ill Camblf Kit--*,
(room 1, second floor) r.t. 5.
tlonai meetings every Sunday at 1
p. tm.. lie Sullivan Hall. Cord n
Street Frederic Perry, Bweur**,
Bm W. Vancouver, it ft
teo-.nl Toeonto, S. P. of ('.—Mem -is
end and fourth Tuesday* Socta «t
lleadquaiters, IIS** Qu<- n .---<<i
West. W. Dale, Secretary. (1 Henry
Street Jewish Hrat.ch meets ei 7
Sunday night same hall
Local Winnipeg, 8. P. of C, mteu
every nret and third Sunday m i**"
Voice office building, aij U .;■■ -;
»ve., at to.30 a. m J Coxe*,
SecreUry, tab Princce*. Str*tt,
Winnipeg, Man.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party ol Canada, in convention assembled
affirm our allegiance to and support of the principles and program
of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to labor it should justly be-
long. To the owners of the meant of wealth production bcloogi
the product of labor. Tbe preeent economic system is bated u- :
capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to tbe capitalist claas. The cap
italist is matter; tbe worker is slave.
So long as the Capitalists remain in possession of the reins
of government all the powers of the sute will be ueed to prote> 1
and defend their property rights in the meana of wealth produ.
tion and their control of tbe product of labor.
—The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever swell mt;
stream fit profits, and to tbe worker an ever-increasing meaiut i
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lieu in the direction ot
setting itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition ol
the wage system.    To accomplish this necessitates the tranafor-
trtstion of capitalist property in thc rasans of wealth product.
into collective or working-claaa property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possess) "
of the power of government—the oapitaliat to hold, the workc-
to secure it by political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of enquiring the public powers for tbe purpose of setting up and en-
forcing the economic program of the working class, as follow-*
—J...The transformation aa rapidly aa poaaible, of capitals
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the
working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organisation and management
of industry by the workers.
3. Tbe establishment, aa speedily as poaaible, of production
for uae instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when m office shall always and every
where until the present system is abolished, make the answer to
this question ita guiding rule of conduct. Will this legislstion
advance the interests of the working claas and aid the workers in
their struggle against capitalism?. If it will, the Socialist Party
is for it; if it will not, the Socialist Party ia absolutely opposed to
It i 1 *
In accordance with thia principle the Socialist Party pledges
itpclf to conduct all the public affairs placed in ita hands in such
a manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone
Ii  THE   UNDERSIGNED,   hereby   apply   for   fncmbcrship
in    Local   Socialist
Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist ila«s niul
the working class to be a struggle for political supremacy. '■>
possession of the reins of government, and which necessii-ti'"
thc organization of thc workers into a political party distinci
from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership, I hereby agree to maintain or cuter into no relations with any other political party, and plcdui-
myself to support by voice, vote and all other legitimate mean"
thc ticket and the program of the Socialist Party of Canada <",1>
9 Applicant Address  	
J? Occupation    Age    Citizen   	
(jj. Admitted to Local   190 •
T Chairman   Rec, Seer*     ^
0 .ATOBMV.in-s.fc.rtn.
cuutm, »Aln»OTirt, Mitaw ooiwnu,
9   _
@§®® ^^^
,,,.,,„,, columns have been placed al
,hr disposal of the Party. Hecretarles
, , „culs are requested to take sd-
v«nt__« of them «n, at Intervals, re-
„nrtin_ condlttona In their respective
localities Communications under thin
,''',', sBould be addressed to the Dominion or Provincial Secretaries. Lo-
,ai jecreUries are further requested to
l „ to these columns for announce*
mc'nis from the Eatecullve Committees.
Uv this means the bualness of the
Party wiU *»e facilitated and the Dominion and Provincial ■ecretartes
r.iievod of a little off the Increasing
burden of correspondence.
Kegnlar business incetinf* Monday,
September 17, Comrade Leah in the
Minutes of previous meeting read
and  approved.
Wicrrants ordered drawn as follows:
Rent,   Sullivan  Hall      gil.r.O
Cleaning   Headquarters-      Ml
Advertising     2.00
Literature   Agent      2.20
In order to afford comrades sn
cuy access to standard works on
Socialism, the committee has decided
to lay in a stock of literature. The
following are on hand and will be
sent post-paid to any address at
prices quoted. Two-cent stamps
will be accepted for sum* not exceed
ing 25 cents:
Tba origin of ths Fatally. (F.
Kngels)   — ,	
lie   Social   Revolution (Karl
lhe World's Revolutions (Ern-
,ht  I iitcrmann)  	
rhe Socialism, who they are
und what they stand for,
(John Spargo)   9   BO
I lie Evolution of Man (Bolecbe)    .SO
Modern Hocialism (Chas. H.
ia h Strug-lea Sn America
. \    M   .Simons)   ...„
1 lie   Communist     Manifesto,
Karl   Marx    10 cents
Socialism,   Utopian  and  Sci-
cntific, Marx &  Kneels...io cents
Waite,   Labor   and   Capital,
Total      $8.20
Thei vote upon neat uf forthcoming
election resulted as follows :
Nelson   18
Revelstoke   t
Vancouver      1
Collect-on  Sunday,  Sept;  16.,.18.68
Literature   sale*   for   week  2.20
Hues     100
Totenl     $6.85
The mining partners of the late
Turn Simrl nre anxious to be placed
in communication with Win. Smirl,
brother of deceased. For particulars
address, A. Sliilland, Sandon, IJ. C.
Other papers please copy.
A View of the Promised Land
(Continued from Pace One.)
have l«*«-ti reduced to a condition far
below the standard of comfort of
those? in juil; it is borne in upon
you thut iniii.y with great hearts
unci strong bruins must huve resisted
thc  malignity  and greed  of the  rut
age,   Labor   and   Capital, --..-..
Karl  Marx    fi cents\\a* ^*f**!i}a ■M*?!W„_"r?<??- to h-Ve
i briniL'hi   the catiilalist  juil  to  what
The Mission of the Working GUtt.
Chas    Vail    ■—_,_._.__.,„.. 06
m and Farmers, A. M.
Simons 5 cents
i ither works procured to order.
Address the Literature Agent, Box
836, Vancouver, D. C.
i  -list it ut ions,     per down   $ .86
Membership cards, each  01
',    .■■ .itbm blanks    (with platform)  jier  100  36
The committee being a stockhold* (> „,
r in    the    co-operative    publishing; ;I1V
ice of Chas. Kerr & Co.. can pro-
:rc literature for the locals st cost
Campaign fund receipt books    are
' w ready and will be furnished   to
I .call
nt to cents each,
As will he aeen food use has boen
n ade of the moneys subscribed so far
to the organising funds. Further or-
itanlslng tours srs under contemplation
if funds are available. Further sub-
scrtpttoM are therefore urgently solicited as. with the «rest Interest that
ts st present being manifested in So-
(Ialism, no better time could be found
for spreading the propaganda and
building up tho organisation.
iii" following: sums have bean   ro-
• clved to dats:
I tn lance on hnnd l».*e
It. Wade.  Port Harvey    •*•**•
Forward all contributions to
The following amounts received up
t" 'I'-tl^^^^^^^^^^
Previously,    acknowledged
W    .1
$11 A.'10
It has been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build ttp a central fund
to he used in gencrallv assisting in the
coming campaign ana more especially
for the purpose of printing and distn-
btitin-sc campaign literature.
All comrades wishing    to    collect
for this fund should at once apply
to the provincial secretary for a re
ceipt book.     No effort   should   be
"pared ln building up this fund.
The following amounts received up
to date:
Previously scknowlcdged  •l4'}°
J. P       -oO
Two Clarion subs     1-00
Total  n600
Forward all contrlbutiona to
brought   the  capitalist  jail   to   what
it   is.    They    must   have   dcSnanded
more   and more :   that    the   fighters
driven in here from the jungle should
here be recognised as human beings.
and so these great-hearts must  have
gone on with their prison until  now
they  have  brought  the standard of
et tnfort fur above what the capital-
jist   will     allow    two-thirds     of   his
I drudges  In   the  jungle  outside.
j    My   brother,   with  your   rights   bit
j by  bit   slipping from you;  with con
Idttiotis around you fit for no boast;
' with   your     food,    work,  und everything   in  a   hap-haxard  and   insecure
state;  you   Heed  huve no feur  of jail.
You will find nothing here us bad us
you are daily   getting outside.     And
advice to you is, rather than let
slip   one   title   more  of   your   rights,
anel   rather   than   allow   the   propertied  classes to drive yon  lower,   al-
ways is- prepared ton _" to |ndl.
Mere are some words said by the
cliuplnin to nu> while he tnlW.il by
my cell door; "Prisoners go forth
front here, women especially, and
they ure clean and healthy, and look
sitne; and after a few months, and
some of them after a few weeks, they
are back nguin looking mere wrecks,"!
"l'rii iscly." I said, "you are bear-'
ing out what wc Socialists say. Vou
take thetn out from your cesspool,
and clc'cin them a bit, and then throw
them buck Into your oasapool again.
Am, so it must go 0*4. And your
prisons. und asylums, and workhouses must continue* to increase,
until yon tackle the cesspool itself,
am' put society itself on a right social busis." "Well," hc replied, "it
is so."
ln conclusion, if one may point tho
line of future prison reform, I "would
say it ought to be in the direction
of less confinement, more associated
labor for the men, less shutting up
iti cells. Rut I am nfrnid that without great pressure, while capitalism
lasts, reform will be but slow In this
direction. RoOSUso, as things are
Otltslde, the wily capitalist can see
clearly enough, thnt If hn lifted ever
so little the pressure of solitary confinement, unless he at the same time
lifted the pressure of the drudge conditions outside, hn would soon have
all   the  workers  ln jail.
-As ii  is the confinement  of jail  is
little punishment to me.   Throw in
a feet books, nnd (ten. ink and paper,
and I fancy it might become a positive luxury, nnd the capitalist might
(mil  it  hard to kirk mc out.
Thc prisoner is not the lowest typs
of mnn, nor nearly so. 1 have* Iwn
through the workhouse and hnve
ytndied the ty|H* called pauper. I
hnve sat in the jail church, und there
studied the type culled criminal.
There is nn immense difference. Your
pauper represents weakness, but in
two-thirds of your criminals, so
c-nlled, you come ncross force, shut-
up or perverted, but which force in
a right society and rightly directed
would achieve grand things.—John
Ttinilyn in Justice.
Vancouver Local I
Previously   acknowledged *-**'S9
-I. Matthews      ,'S
J.   lllaco     10°
Total   , -»»'aft
Frederick Perry, Secretary.
Keep vour optic upon tho Socialist
speaker who calls forth wordsint
praise from tho capitalist press. The
only recommendation of value Ihoi
can tome from thut lourco is vtlliu-
cution and abuse.
One  of  the phases of  the activity
Df Sw Oerman Social  -Democracy, of
wh '   *** is known than °. T"
wnicn   ic* ■•Labof  Secretaries"
t. „,r.i of the workers which the
K^soSdttcSin -cooperation jr.vh
■ . '. > .... *., *.!*.*_
helpfulness    of  organisations,  these
inBtitutions  are powerful  means  lor
teaching thc unorganized und bringing  them into the  unions  und  later
into the    Social   Democratic  Putty.
The Neuc Preusche ZeltUng,  in common  with  some*  other capitalist p_-
pers, complains, that because ,>f the
semi-official     position     enjoyed     by
these- oiliciuls (n position due to thc
activity  of socialist  legislators)  the
socialist  unions  tnjoy  an unfair _U-
vuntuge;   over  the   Christian   Unions.
The  Social   Democratic  Party  has
just  undertaken  the establishment of
two "Laborers' High Schools," to he
located   in   Berlin.    These.*   will   open
their   work   during     next   Septe-mlter
and  thc  session  will   last  about  six
weeks.   The party undertakes the entire  support   of   the  students    while
at tho school antl estimates that an
expenditure   of   between   $8,000   and
$10,000 wi!l  be ni-c'essary.    Thn students  will   be chosen  by   various  local  organisations of the party   and
the trade unions,   echo  will  also    bc
expected   to assist   in   their   support
in   some   cases.    The students   must
be betwoen  34  and '50 years of age,
and the  endeavor     will  tn*  made  to
secure   a   repreM-ritutive   from;   each
political  division of Germany.     The
teachers  will  Ik- largely drawn  ltom
those already active in party service
thus obviating the necessity of paying  saluries.     Thc capitalist   papers
show their feur of the results Of sue!*,
systematic   educational   training  for
sociulist  speakers,  writers  i.nd workers, by the abuse and ri-li'-ui- which
the>y     heap     upon     it.        'lho  llait-
overscher Courier declares that :t   Is
nn  attempt   to     crush     fi.*c*tloiu    of
thought and to turn out a bit e f believers   in   ""Marxodoxy"   who     will
blindly follow thc party leaders.    It
never seems  to  occur to  them  that
an educates! following is apt ' o have
its eyes opened  instead of blinded.
The Oerman National Congress of
the socialists will lie held at Mannheim on September 23rd. Thc following are the subjects for discussion, with the names of the speakers
who will present thc topic to thc
Congress:', "Parliamentary Activity"
(1. Schopflin, "May-day Celebration"
II. Fischer; "The Political Mass-
Strike," A. Bebel ; "The International Congress of 1907," P. Singer;
".Socialism anel Popular Education,"
r. Zeikin and If. SchulU; "Criminal
Law. Procedure, and Pumsh-ieint,"
A. llua.se. A Socialist Woman's
Congress will meet the day before
the meeting of thc party Congress,
and u Congress of Socialist Youths
the day ufter.
The  principal   Interest   of   the   Congress  this year,  as  lust,  will  center
around  the    epiciation  of  the  "Mas*.
Strike" und the rotation of the purty
to the  Ijibetr Unions.   Just at  the
present time a hot  discussion is in
progress   over   these  points   between
the  Central  Comiiiittc*e of the party
und the Labor  Unions.   To add to
the confusion the "LocalIsts,"   who
seem in muny  ways to lie the counterparts  of   the   American   "Impossi-
liilitists" although in a much milder
and  sutler     form    thun  the  most   of
those  we  have,   are  denouncing    the
party munngvmeiit, and Bebel in particular.       Of    course    thi!  capitalist
press  arc;  Certain   that   lhe  purty   is
going   to   split   all   to  pieces.    They
have lieen certain  of this constantly
for the past  twenty years.
The socialist  daily of Brussels,  lie
People,  has  l«ee»n  publishing a  series
of   articles     exposing  the   shameless
Immorality of King ix*opoid.    They
have been giving picture- of his vur-
ious   mistresses   and   describing    his
escapades   in   as  great  detail   as  decency will permit.   Thc* result is that
a  storm  of  denunciation has broken
loose  upon     th<*    Socialists    in   the
Clerical  papers.     They denounce the
action   of   the  socialists  as   unpatriotic,   and   tndeexl   almost   everything
else,   but     a  desirable  expose  af    a
kingly role.   This is another instance
of who nre are the real defenders of
thc family.
No country in Europe is furnishing
more examples of military i-.itrnges
against unarmed iieuccful strikers
than is Switzerland, the "armed nation" with its ideal military system,
toward which many American sccial-
ists sometimes cast longing eyes.
During a recent lock-out in Zurich,
the streets swarmed with troops and
citizens wore insulted, attacked and
interfered with in every possible
The  Italian  socialist  parly is very
badly  divided   at  present,   and  there
seem  to  be  ninny  reasons  to expect
an open  rupture In the near future,
although  strong     efforts     are  lieing
mack*   to   avoid   such   a   happening.
There  are  three  factions   within  the
party ranging from the syndicalists,
who wish to substitute direct action
through strikes for political activity
to  the  extreme     reform     wing  that
wishes to almost   merge the Identity
of the  party in some of the  radical
capitalist   parties.    As hns  happened
elsewhere,   these  two  extreme  wings
sometimes pursue so much  the same
tnctics  that  they find themselves together  in the voting.
Tho recent reform of the suffrage
which is about to become a law confers the suffrage upon women as well
as men. For this tho socialist agitation wus mainly responsible. To
lie sure the women comrade's took
tho most active part in this phase
of the movement, holding enormous
mass-meetings throughout the country. One such demonstration, held
lust December, wns attendod by over
25,000 women, and issued a manifesto of which hundreds of thousands**!
of copies were circulated.—lliterna-'
tiotittt  Socialist Review.
and ought Irt all decency to toll-pfee.
Two Clarion agents aro kept busy
dn lhe road in Hritish Columbia,
each covering hia allotted territory
at least once every six months. It
is found* necessary to do this for the
reason that the average workingman
is either too busy or too cureless to
attend to the matter of keeping his
subscription up of his own volition.
Outside of thii' the paper depends for
the extension of its circulation solely
upon such of Its readers as may
deem il worthy of lieing called to
the attention of others, and this
without solicitation frtmi this office.
Tbe circulation is climbing steadily
upward at the rate of about 75 [ier
There is no room in the columns of
the Clarion for "Christian literature
or speeches." Presumably there are
sultlcient publications in existence
that ure intended as vehicles for such
and the Clarion publishers are altogether too closet observers of business ethics to infringe upon their
territory. It may lie as you say,
that "thousands who believe in
Christ nre revolting from the
Church." Any believer in Christ and
His teachings that does not revolt
from the Church, as well ns ail other
institutions of capitalism, must have
a  stomach  like  a  rhinoceros.
60  YEARS'
Tn»c_ Mstws
»•--..-        CoevmoHTS Ac.
AnroM MneHttf s skrtrh and description ttis;
Anrone* MtuHnf s skatrh and description tna;
(,«le*tlr ascertain our Of-lalO- free itbetlicr sn
Invention Is probsblf pstentsMe.  r'nninuinlrs.
...„..— .  Olfl	
•rectal notice, without obsree.
ier for soew-is
inch Munii A
mcwwimi w,.„v«k charge. In tho
Scientific Hmm.
9    ^^^^^^^^^^^H____-_-___a_-B-_H
9 Somfe who started early are now selling ten
2 copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
W a copy.    Send to   us for circulars and wholesale
q prices.   The book is now ready for delivery.
-tot free. Oldest ****** Jen
Patents Uken tiiriuBh M
ou I'stein—
 Wl patent..
mu A l-o. recelTc
A handsomely Itlaatratod weeilr. largest eir
cttlailoii of any arlentlBe totinuU. Terms, ti m
rear: four mon tha, IL Sold by all newacteelem.
Branch Offleo. ht t tt. Was-tattoo, IX C
ness of Manufacturers,
~'C aoncil  inr   wubkm v.   ,.»uu>a......... »,
r*-if-ineers and other*, who realize: thc advisabilly of having their Patent business transacted
i;y Esuerts. Preliminary advice free. Chare-e*
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sentupon
ri^ne^t Marion S; M-irinn, New York l,ife_:Jg,
•loatrcal: r.iJ Was-Hl 'ton, li.C, V.BJL.
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fail to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are severul complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's namo
and tbe number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually In type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity in the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of tbe Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to ,
promptly notify this offlce. Kissing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition In tbe future.
For the
Having been authorized by
ibe pubishers of the Western
Clarion to receive tubs at the
regular rate—$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
flic public-alion of poriodkails of
every d***x**ripUon is a specialty will)
Tlie "Clarion." Telephone or write
le r estimates. Every facility fur such
work, and prompt-ess and satisfaction
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
by buying thb
reliable, honeats
high grade ••*-_•
ing machine.
National Sewing Machine (X
Hudson'* Bay Company, Agents.
Victoria   Advertisers
G  A. OKELL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.    You can always
depend upon our bread.     Try it.
37 Pendora St        Victoria, B. C
Do you know ws sell from 10 to 95
casts cheaper than our competitors
ros __ c_r_-_ero-3s
Tt 6mrasHit Stmt, Victoria. I. C.
■*_■ .     .      .ims    Theso ipsilt'itions
,„«in«te. workup'   n, ^ • ^
report   showed that ww^J    T.„r_
„ccivtar.e-.s Htd11" tho.past
ornis   In   oporatnon   •     '"»    f    ^,ieH0
ycur.     ^.^'SSJOO.     They
amounted   to  o ' >   » „,    of
ZoZn. KB such uso IV —-
ovists touches a strong lesson of the
MuilKlicer ti
N«. i Ctstrt tt.
818 3 C,GA*
H. H. S., Nova Scotin. Thtuiks
for subscription. Sample Copies will
lie sent to parties mentioned, as re-
qfuestftd. Tho Western Clarion is not
in the business of advertising itself
or cimrtioting schemes to boost its
cin-ulatlon. A paper that cannot, livd
upon its merits as an instrument fur
the promulgation of tho prittctplW
nntl program of Socialism is a dtag
instead of a help to the movement.
what the Party Is doing on the Pacific
Coast  of  the United  States,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party nnd By the
Socialist Party."
Ten \v«>ks. ten <*ents; one year, SO cts.
United Hatters of North America
WaoW&WW W       era-meat *--     I*
When you are buying a POR HAT see to It
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed In lt. IX
a retailer has loose labels in his possession and
offers to put one in a hat for you. do not patronise
him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label ls perforated on four
edges, exactly the sume as a pontages stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three* ■»■**•*•
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co..
of Philadelphia, Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MO-'FITT, Pw*s!dent, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN IiAWLOR, Bocretary, lt Waverijr -_■«,
Now Tork. 5»     i
tu wiatmi ouuuoy. 1^^>^JI^^„II 00^^^'
■!£■ I
® Eellio«l by It. P. PETTIPIECT*. to whom all e*orrespondenco for this department should be addressed. ®
It is easy to demonstrate that Socialism is' the greatest fuct. the-
most vital factor in the political life*
of the world today, when all other
parties are bankrupt of political virtue and all resource except the baldest of time serving expediency, and
were our task confined to this it
would lie soon done.
But today when thc tide of our
movement is rising at a rate never
equalled before, gnd every turn of
the wheel, of evolution increases our
ranks and adds a new confirmation
to our analysis of society, it behooves every avowed Socialist organization and every member of the
same to see to it that both he and
they give expression both sound and
adequate to the growing and already
mighty force behind them.
It is increasingly evident that social and industrial conditions already
supply the main force behind propaganda, and that the function of tho
active and representative socialist!
will be more and more to give a
right expression to the revolutionary
spirit that, is fast becoming universal; to insist, without flinching, upon what is essential and intrinsic,
and cut out or prune away what is
non-essential  or mere  exuberance.
Looking to the vast and radical
change in the structure of society
contemplated by Socialism its implications are almost infinite, but an
inordinate dwelling upon these, daydreaming in short, tends to a Utopian and flab*— mental condition undesirable, at least, in the present
stage "of evolution which calls for
men of clear views, single aim and
militant spirit.
With this conviction strong upon
us and at the risk of being called
doctrinaire, we would, for once, emulate St. Paul and exhort our active
comrades everywhere "to lay aside
every weight and especially the fad
or fancy that so easily besets them,
run the race and seize every opportunity set before them."
Apart altogether from its merits',
a cause that is clearly stated, and
fearlessly and consistently contended
for, commands respect and attention
from all sides. Socialism is, or
should  be,  such a cause.
We are not unmindful of the fact
that among Socialists there is the
same variability of temperament as
among other men and women; special
classes of facts appealing more
strongly to some than to others, but
we insist that-there is a minimum
of both knowledge and conviction,
below which it is farcial to call persons Socialists, a minimum however
by no means iliilirult of attainment
by the honest and open-minded, osp&-
cially when stimulated by the corroborative experience so common to
the working-class.
As in "Mathematics, or Freemasonry, one may graduate indefinitely
to the high academic levels of Socialism where by the aid of Science
and History the phenomena of life
past and present is so well explained, and lie; all the better Socialist
for it. Such attainments however,
are largely personal property anel
often tinge i with .speculations. The
primary essentials of Socialism arc
simpler, and these must furnish our
chief armament in the political field.
These ore thc vital weapons in militant Socialism.
To understand how industrialism
and capitalist property have been
evolved, how the worker by being divorced from the tools of production,
and subjected to capitalist exploitation, is robbed of the major part of
the value of his product. How the
capitalist closs producing for profit
only come to regard such profit as
the primary purpose of industry and
human welfare as incidental, prove
their incapacity to administer the
resources of society in the interests
of society. How the capitalist class,
a fraction of society, is maintained
and perpetuated by its control of the
legislative and evory other coercive
power of the state and finally, how
to depone the ruling class and secure, by legislative or such other
action as may be necessary, the effective control of industry and the
resultant wealth, the same to be administered in the Interests of the
working class. These are the vital
points In a Socialist political program, these nre the things which
clearly understood and plainly presented to the working-class, gain
acceptance, these are the things that
bind men together for common hope
and action, these are the things
Unction. Such tactics are familiar
to observers with tolerable memories, nnd discount to zero the chances
of any such movement in this province at any rale, and the ecperience
of "Independent Labor" at Winnipeg with a. later example at Montreal, both point clearly to the Nemesis awaiting any halfway policy
that fails to satisfy the logical sense
or meet the economic needs of thc
Without that 'wider 'knowledge*
which comes of study and cxjicr
ience, "Independent lAbor" Aeetns,
on the face, to furnish a very seductive and attractive program and we
aro by no means unfamiliar with it.
It is a long and necessary step for
the wage-working class to acquire a
profound distrust of all capitalist
parties, and so far it marches shoulder to shoulder with the Socialist.
Uut here it stops and hero begins the
essential difference in conception and
divergence of policy between the La-
borite nnd the Socialist : The Labor-
itc distrusts thc capitalists as men,
tracing his troubles to unjust administration of things and an unequal division of profits; the Socialist claiming no moral superiority for
the workers as a class, challenges
and denounces the capitalist "system" of production as founded inherently upon the robbery of the
workers, founded not as a deliberate
and conscious conspiracy against any
class in society, but evolved through
the changing antl expanding form of
industry, tit thc same time as effective in the creation of misery for
the workers and tho all-round degeneration of society in general as
though devised by a Nero or Caligula.
In politics and society the capitalist parties stand, equally, for a
definite and fundamental idea—to
wit, the production of profit through
the exploitation of human labor,
and the capitulist, though a more
willing and cheerful victim, is chained to the seat of the system as securely as the worker is to the
wheels, and the relief he can afford
to the worker is contained within
a narrow* margin, even supposing
his cupidity to be at war with his
humanity. The system, like the
Devil—to whom in iiiani respects it
would do infinite credit—cannot be
fought with feather fans nor sentimental appeals, but must lie met and
opposed by something equally definite,   fundamental   and  concrete.
What is the objective point of Independent Labor? Docs it furnish a
working ideal to guide and inspire
its supporters? Can it be weighed,
measured or gauged for comparative
purposes? Of its origin and first
step we know something and respect it; OS a manifestation of working-class feeling we are interested in
it, but before it can lie seriously criticized it must be defined; we must
know whut it means and aims at.
We have a suspicion however, amply
justified by Canadian experience, that
the whole content of "Independent
Labor'.' contemplated lies within the
limits  of  the capitalist  system.     If
the abolition of wagoslavery lie aimed at, then its promoters should find
their place in the ranks of the Socialist Party. If less than this, and
the embryo comes to birth stage, we
shall see a party dopendent for its
very life on the system that robs
anel enfeebles it contending for palliative crumbs, but advancing no
title to the whole loaf. With that
nebulous contradiction a "fair wage"
as its strongest watchword, and in
so far as its puny and fractional
success may or can go, prolonging
anil justifying tho existence of the
prime agent of human degradation,
"the capitalist system of wealth-
Reduced to its lowest common denominator the essential difference between Independent I-abor and Socialism is that the former would try
to regulate robbery, th" latter guarantees to abolish it.
the Trusts it will find in Gary a
suitable location and rquipment for
the production of steel on a national
scale. AH that will disappear in the
steel industry will be thc capitalist
In International Socialist Review
From Many Sources Comes the Rumor of an "Independent" I_ibor
Political Policy for the Workers
in II. C, or as Expressed by
Delegates to the Congress, foi*
the Wider Field of tho Dominion. |
This Is no novelty or new cry to
the men of this province with an cx-
lierience long enough to take in tho
history of the P.P.P. born at Kamloops, amid thc huzzas of an almost
unanimous convention and which began to die from tho day of its birth
anel was decently and quietly buried
within a few months of its nativity; or the various attempts of
scheming politicians in combination
with     muddle-headed     ignorant  and
While we are waiting and working
for Socialism, thc development of
our present industrial system is distinctly foreshadowing the methods
wliich will be adopted under the new
economic   regime.
The Steel Trust is now taking a
significant step in this direction, as
may lie seen from the following:
Chicago, Aug. 7.—-The price, $1,-
921,005, paid by thc United States
Steel Corporation for its site for the
coming city of Gary, Ind., has been
entered on the books of the County
Recorder at Crown Point. This is
the largest real estate deal ever
closed   in  the Hoosier  State.
Four yeurs ago this property was
assessed at only $243,950. It is
planned to spend $75,000,000 on
this site in the next eight yenrs. The
city is laid out and the exact location of every plant as well a* thc
dross to be devoted to residences
have lieen determined. Tho tract
measures 2,71)3.58 ncres."
Formerly the industry was subsidiary to tho city. Today tho city is
being specially built for the industry.     .
Socialists in speculating on tho future form of national industries have
invariably suggest eel just what the
Steel Plant is now establishing. It
is the province of capitalism to lay
the foundations of tho new structure
faithless    members    of the working     „»._„»».-
class to swing the labor vote in tho lof industry for the future economic
direction to suit a political clique | system to bring to completion. When
or person hungry for office and dis-  the Nation determines to take over
Thc powerful Brotherhood of
Teamsters appears to lie in a bad
way. What the combined capitalists
of Chicago were unable to do has
been done by a small bunch of quarreling leaders. They have disrupted
the union and sent thrills of joy into the hearts of the Jobs and Par-
rys and Posts. At tho national convention in Chicago last month the
long-threatened fight between tho
Shea and Young forces broke forth
in all its fury, and although disinterested third parties attempted to
compromise thc differences or secure
the recognition of a flag of truce for
a short period until efforts could lie
made to restore jieace, they met with
failure at every turn. Former President Young was determined to oust
Shea and the latter was just as firm
in his decision to hang on to offlce.
There was no principle worthy of
the name at stake—it was just a
plain, disgusting fight for spoils, and
the rule or ruin policy was the controlling force in both factions. Both
sides did all in their power to pack
the convention with their friends,
howled at each other like a pack of
hungry ward-heelers, and liehaved
generally in a manner that brought
disgrace upon the whole labor movement. Finally the split came and
two conventions proccedeel to Bhow
the world how to save the working-
man, while incidentally two sets ol
c'fnce-Beekers were made happy. It
is unnecessary to relate any details
of the dual conventions other than
to mention that the prevailing
thought of each faction was to develop the most effective means to
smash the opposition in the latest
and most approved fashion. The
brotherhood had about 80,000 members. The fight seems to have split
the organization squarely in two.
and the principle work in the future
will lie for both factions to strain
every nerve to triumph over the cni
emy—not the capitalists, but the rival body. I am glad of one thing.
Not a single Socialist was mixed up
in this family row. There arc not
many Socialists among the teamsters for obvious reasons: there ure
none who hold influential positions.
When Oeorge Innes, of Detroit, was
boss of tbe brotherhood during n
former factional fight he never .hesitated to proclaim his hatred for socialism. He was forced down and
out by* Shea and then hollered
around for a year or two for secession and disruption, %,,,'e the letter
also kicked out some of thc New
York locals because eif alleged disloyalty in lining up with Young,
who gained more or less notoriety
as the pal of "Commissioner" Dris-
coll, who hnd an original and highly
profitable way of inciting and sctt-
tling strikes and boycotts. Of course
neither Shea or Young or Emmet t
Flood or any other so-called leaders
have the slightest sympathy for socialism. They are pure and simpler*
of the ultra-conservative stripe, and
most of them delight to pick out
"labor's friends" in thc Republican
and Democratic parties and punish
"enemies" according to the rules
prescrilied by the Federation Executive Council. fJompcrs and his tribe
of traducers, who are always telling each other that tho Socialists
are union-smashers and disturbers,
will please take note of thc fact that
this latest secession movement, like
nearly all others, was not engineered by Socialists, but by their own
kind of people, pure and simpler*,
Tho    national    struggles    of   tho
printers   and   tho   bridge  anel  structural  iron  workers gre  still  in  progress,   both     organizations     having
battled   just,  about     a  year  against
overwhelming  otitis.    It   is   well   understood   that     when    tho printers'
movement for tho eight_iour day lie-
gan to make headway Parry's Manufacturers'    Association,   Post's   Citizen's   Alliance,    Penton's     Foundry-
men's Association   and     Employers'
Associations in the various building
trades and machinery trades combined for the purpose of destroying the
International   Typographical   Union.
They   regarded    the   latter   body   us
ono  of the best equipped  organizations   in  the  country,   and   realized
that if the eight-hour dny was won
without  much   opposition   other unions   would   immediately   imitate tho
example of the printers nnd enforce
tho  shorter   work-day   and   gain  additional  strength  and  prestige.     On
tho other hnnd lf the printers' union
could   lie  defeated   and   disrupted   it
would   discourage   the  other   organizations and make them tractable nn-|
easily   dismembered.       Consequently
millions of dollars have been poured
into this fight by hoth sides and the
bitterest  feelings   havo  been  engendered.    During   the  past  month  the
employers fknown ns the  United Ty.
pothetnc of America) held a convention   in  Buffalo,   whllo  the printers
met in Colorado Springs.   "No compromise!" was the slogan issued by
both gatherings, and tho indication's <
are that, tho struggle will  continue
urnM. %m, ii. j**
Irtdt-nhllely In Bo_to t>lftc»-*--- •**•-_
us thero is a local union in existence
or employers are in the business who
refuse to eoncedo tho printers' de»
mands. The history of the Typographical Union shows that, as a
rule, the printers never give up a
fight. They have been engaged in
contests with corporations that lasted a quurter of a century, having
fought the heirs'ufter thfllr ancestor^
hud disappeared. During the present struggle the printers have spent,
up to date, about $2,000,000, receiving little financial **■-• front otheit
organisations. The A. F. of L. levied the constitutional assessment,
which brought in less than 150,000,
utul the printers have been depending
upon their iwn resources, having assessed themselves 10 per cent, of
their wages weekly during the past
ton mouths. But in the fuce of the
most determined opposition that has
ever been mot by any union 85 iier
cent of the printers aro now working
on au eight-hour basis. In round
numbers 10,000 members enjoy the
shorter workday, about 5,000 are
still on strike, and some 3,000 ure
bound by agreement or have not
mado a movo for other reasons. In
not a single city or town in North
America have the printers lieen lieat-
eii or given up the contest. Complete victory appears to be in sight,
as the assessment will Ih- reeluced to
8 per cent. In-ginning October 1 anil
gradually thereafter. The strike pay
has ranged from $7 a week to single
men ta fl2 for married memlicrs.
The struggle of the bridge and
structural iron workers is somewhat
similar to that of the printers. The
American Brielge trust, one of the
United States Steel Corporation's
brood, has decided bo put the union
out of business. The trust has ticen
subjected to enormous losses in the
erection nf buildings and bridges and
hus spent large sums of money in
herding together a small army of
strike-breakers, private police, etc.
But the iron workers have been peculiarly fortunate in obtaining work
from Independent contractors or in
other lines ol trade, so that very
ISw are really on the strike roll.
They are just us determined today to
continue their battle against the
trust as when it began a year ago
They realize that they hn.o a hard
struggle to go through, but it wns
bound to come sooner or later, nful
for lhat reason thc iron workers are
putting in their hardest knocks now
in the endeavor to win or force tho
OCtopUS    to   COOM   tO   a   satisfactory
There is no use in ignoring the
fact that the contests of the future
iietween cupitul and labor will be*
more desperately fought than were
those in the pust. Besides the 000*
tritli/.ntinn of capital into trusts,
employers' associations in every line
of Industry have lieen or are lieing
formed with the avowed purpose of
breaking up labor organizations
wherever possible. The capitalists
are becoming thoroughly class-conscious ami ate federating their associations and co-operating in every
sanguinary struggle with labor.
Moreover the former make no tlenial
of the fact that they are asking for
no quarter and granting none unless
they arc forced to do so, industrially, politically, socially or otherwise. Take any of the association
organs tir listen to nny of their olll-
c-ials aud spokesmen and you will
leant that the American capitalists
are lie-coming imbued with the same
Contempt and loathing for the working-class thut was displayed by the
Roman patricians for the plebians or
the French noblesse for tho proletariat Immediately preceding the revolution. How many limes have our
conservative nnd muddled lubor leaders cried out against "arraying class
against class?" Now let tht*ro go
and sing tlieir song to the scores of
employers' associations nntl trusts
that have pronounced death to organized labor. But even tho most
ponderous (lomperite will nut undertake to convert tho organized employers from their evil ways nowadays. No; the scheme Ib to fight
back, antl especially on tho political
— o	
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
Cor. Abbott m\ Cordova Sto. Old Coo. lluildin-;.
The gods who preside over the destinies of this city are evidently bent
on leaving no stone unturned to provide the local   Socialists with  entertainment   arid  amusement.    First  wo
had   Ramsay   Maedonald,   then   Karl
Grey  unci    are     now    awaiting  the
Trades   and   l„dior   Congress.    Rum-
say Maedonald spoke on the 18th to
a good  house in the A.O.lt'.W.  Hall,
chuir was graced hy the presence of
Jf.   McNiven,   M.F.I'.,   a   Uliernl-lA-
tior  stalking  horse,   who,  electee]  on
a '"Labor"   ticket,   has  lieen   in   the
House  a  thoroughly  consistent   Lib*
eral.    "Consistency's a  Jewel."   "Ho
is   now   engaged   in   making   goo-goo
eyes at the proposed Independent. Labor   I'art'.v.   with   some   considerable
success,  apparently, nnd  will  doubtless bc Victoria's "Independent" candidate in  the next campaign,   if thc
party materializes, if it does not, he
will he a candidate* anyhow or somehow. He       opened       tho      ball
by     making     the     usual     remarks
thc usual chairman usually makes in
much thc usual  manner and created
tho usual  feeling of relief by Hitting
flown as usual,   He was followed* by
Q.  F.  Grey,    President    of Victoria
Trades and  I„bor Council,  a recent
arrival from New Zealand where ho
was connected with tho Scrldon Government.    Having already  been three
months in this city hc is well qualified   to    understand     tho    situation
through, ut    the    Dominion    and to.
build a  Canadian T,ahor Party  that |
will   fill   this   aching  void   nnd   give
the  Canadian   workers     whnt     thoy
really want,   It Is understood wo nro
to havo model  workingmen's homes.
This will  still   a most  crying  need.
Of course,    individually   none   of  us
want  a   "model"  home,  In  fact  we
would prefer not to inhabit one, but
wo know they would bo a very good
thing—for other workingmen.   Iii the
course  of    his  remarks  he  deplored
tho fart that tabor hail but ono representative    at    Ottawa.        Ralph
Smith should commence n  libel  action against this mnn at. once. How
ever, Grey is not half-bad. He is
capable, honest, thoroughly sincere
and full of his "mission." A man
who dfeams in secret that sesne* day
he may bo the Heeidon of Canada, lie
will presently find out what he is up
against He will get his bumps und
see his embryo I.I..I'. Join the 1M»
P. nnd others "with yesterday's seven thousand years." In the long run
if he stays here', he will land in the
ranks of the Sociulist I'urty nntl
will probably make u useful ami effl-
cieat member.
Alter him came Mrs. Maedonald.
She spoke of tho tabor movement
from the woman's standpoint. The
usual sentimental Hlntrhforelirsn. Hun.
she spoke from her heart, simply,
sincerely, and without affectation, in
marki-d contrast to her husbund's
careful poses and att it titling. Of the
two she is evidently the Is'ttcr man.
Than we hatl tU; Maedonald, her*
aided by the strains of that noble
anthem. -The Maple I'-ufe." Why
the "Maple Leaf" pnsseth under
standing, lie is evidently a finlshi-d
elocutionist Tha coat hwttniit-el Just
so, the hand thrust into the breast,
the rising und failing of the- Voice,
the studied pose and manner, were
all there. His H|K-e«-h was non-com*'
mittul throughout. He had threv
horses to ride- at once. He* was a
Tradea Unionist of the Ttpdea Unionists, an Intlo|>endcnt tabor Pnrty
man. and also n Socialist. 0oo-
Kidering the difficulty of the* feat hc
took the fences very well. He iniide*
the Trades Union one wing eif the
I. I.. P. ntul the Socialist the* otheT.
This no doubt is the tees-ret of that
rare bird's scime*what erratic- flights
The Canadian Socialists have made
no mistake in politely ignoring this
gentleman. He Is not strong enough
to have done us nny good mid too
weak to do us any harm If he in a
big enough mon in the I I, P. to he
their whip, the rank and file must
bet lilliputian potatoes indeed. All
of which goes to point the same old
moral, that wc n<*e*d not look abroad
for light anil leading, but must work
nut our own salvntion In our own
The ontertslntnent provided for the
following dni. was much Is'ttcr It
was the welcome* to His F.*tc-*lle*ne-y,
Karl Grey Great preparations hail
been made and Several arches erect eel.
The Chinese- came in tor much e-e*n-
sure, just, though Severe, Not only
hail  the«y  presumed  to erect  a  much
more exjiensive and ornate arch thai
the whiles, but also had Hie hnr.li
hood to decorate* It thctns.lv,., ,n
their own wuy, instead ol lining
white* labor. The Japanese •■o*ctisJ
the most tasteful nnd Unique .,.(,
by the wny.
Ilia Excellency (fine word thai) it
rived   on   the  Quadra   about    1   \,.w
Somebody Intermittently  fln-ei it ml-
ute.    Sometime*   the  gnu  sccnuxl lo
U-  working  tpiile*  nicely,  and  tarn*
tntie***   it   didn't.    This  rulher   s>|-.,tH
the effect   but   the intention*.  Kern i,u
doubt   ol   the   ls*st.     His   KxceHe_rjf
then got  in    His    Honor'* raniitfi
anil   drove  up   lo     ihe     "farliajneel
lluilellngs  when-  lhe usual  minwlndy
rneele the usual  Speech.    A tm-uh iif
•teeiple then sung what th<\  coultl
inemtee-r     of     that    stirring   mult*)*,
"The Maple leonf." trhlle some .;nl-
lilren directed several troll t Ita*.
t'uets towards the* carriage - ["Ml
Are was vigorous and «<;. .;:.*<«!
and It rc*«|uirt*tl net little Bfllit) oe
the- part of the ladies to avoid ih»
missile* ai.d k<*e«p their huts <m
straight. Meanwhile the gallant mil*
(tin had. with some best 1stivenms,
ami much shouting. !tn<-d both •.uie**
of thst |>srt of Governiii' i I ititit
thnt he*, elireetly In front nl thi I
P, It. Hotel. The* "thin r.M line'
was  i>xi-<*M*.lte.|>   niter ii.'• ■ '.    m*  the*
huil to Im> scat te* reel out   to  I <l\--
distance,   being   aonssrhal   '■ •■     B*
It snid to Victoria's  credit that
we*n>   rhietly   silly   bo\s,    who
so extingulshe-d under their larR*e*M.
met a   as   In   re'tnitid    one   .>(   the-  old
gag,   "Wot'a  yer  earn   (•" ' 's'>
to  keep  tne   'at   up."     Thri.'in 1
utartlul  ranks drove  His  K_ce*lle*nrj
a    vwll gloomed,    tiiild-heiii'l"!
ble loosing   Knglishiiiiin      It*wide  Ian
sat   His   Honor,   former I \   ki i   *-
".liinii'.v" Dunamuir, beefj anil .•■-■'
fed looking, curried himself with ita
easy assiiriince. of i, man with ■ be!
lei-proof  meal   ticket.
Hut   tenth   His   F.tucllent-v   nntl   lb»
Honor with orl!****-! by a third is-e**
! punt nf the carriage, a naval
'with  n  bunch  Of  hen  feathers  sink
Ing   nut   of   the   top   nf   his   III       --
In spite of the mnrtiitl dlapli
ervthing *.Vnt i.T pesrsabl) '"*•-
silence* was only slighllv itismr rll*
snme reinit'iiii'e men who gave lhn*
eheors once. They cheered altngettar
so well that there . I* nn rnntti '■■<
dmibt they had l*e*en rehear-..nf ; .ott»
takingly   for  some   time
I       HAROWAREand        .
| Second Hand Dealer i
Cook    Htoves   and   Toole   a •_
Wo have a large quantity ol
glass fruit jars for sale. Pints,
flOe: |ier dflMH ; quarts. 00c ;
and 3 quarts, 70c.
Stores—137 and Ij8 Cordova
St. E.
(Hardware, Junk and Furniture.
-n»M»7l      VncNvtr, I. f. |
Practical BMt
^^^^^^^^   McllbMlft*-!
Ilanit-Msdc Boots anel Shots to order In
sit stylrs.   Krpsltlnjr prsitt|itl)> and ncsl-
ly done.    Stock  «l staple rcsdy-niscle
Sliors stwae* cm baud.
MU WHttnttttt km.     MiMrt flusMt.
Rlngle    copies,   E   osnli
copies.  2a cents;  lf, OOplei
cents;   40    copies.  11.00;     I-
coplee  snd   over,   t   rent"   I"
These rates Include post i •
to any part cit Canada oi i'i
United Kingdom.
| "Tha Western Clarion'
Allium*    KTRi:il
-1mt Class liar.       KioeMcnt K"""*
CAMK   OPEN   DAY   AND   N**--,T'
Ih-tces Moderate.
A cheap wny of heating nn isolated room, (or any room fnr thn'
matter) is by tho llnkus Heater, which uses gns for fuel.
This TTi'iiter Is gotten up in the shape of a grnto flro, bul the
gns logs aro filled with water. After the water is heated tho got
is turned almost off nnd tho hot water throws off a eorofortahl-*,
even heat at a vory low cost.
Vancouver Gas Company. Ltd.
■•»« mm**mm**t


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