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The Western Clarion Sep 29, 1906

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 e'v.ucuo,.;
THE WESTERN
Published in the InteresU of the Working Class Alone.
HI" I"
•mi**
392.
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, September 29, 1906.
•abfertp-oD trio*
SI.00
IAMSTRINCINC AS A FINE ART
Labor Parly Subterfuge, the Latest Scheme of the
Powers That be to Head off the Movement That Makes
for the Overthrow of the Wage System of Exploitation.
) pendent Labor Party, und (_) the
I Kaliian Society. The Social Democratic Fedcratian, it is true, joined
j the committee, hut afterwards with-
, elriew nntl   was,   throughout   the   re-
I'lV  organization     eif  a   C_nudiu.ii
ibur  1'nrty   Is  Just  At  present   a
In, h   mooted     question   throughout
,. ii Dunoon.   Pending the outcome
the steps taken in thnt direction
the  recent  convention of the Do-
iniun Trades and Labor  Ccuigre-.v.
Victorls, it  is well to take a few
»m mi turns in order to determine,
uotwihle,     whether    these  "labor
krties" spring into existence as the
IodUiicous expression of the work-
lor  the purpose of more ellect-
i.h   reaching    out    for  something
rj   have    been    unable to obtain
|ruu|{h   methods   previously   follower are  <■•injured  forth  Ut  the  ill-
iKutioii    of  forces   inimicul   to  the
ilfaro of  Labor,   snd     which lurk
ihe        background,        discretly
|ini;   the     so-called     labor     leader
...     decoy      lo        musk " their
incuts  und  give  effect   to  their
■n'liM-v     A  great  deal   of   houiliu**-
uIterance  is     lieing   indulged   in
Irticulnrly   by     noisy   bc-outcrs  lor
(itetnplated   "labor party" schemes
| other countries, over the wonder-
.k i.ieM'iiient etf the English work*
jptien  in  electing    something    like
■four   "lubor  candidates"   at the
• nt   election  und   thus  netting  up
^trung "labor purty" that ie tu be i
iwcrful factat henceforth  in Kng-
fi poliU's.    l>f course, il is point-
out   to   thc     workmen   of   other
that   they   should   follow   the.
ile   uf   their   illustrious   Knglish
I'thrcn  ami   set   up  similar   shows
[their res|ie*e.tivc Countries.    It will
■)..
not be amiss lo take u look
English  production  for  the
—■  of   estimating   its   value  as
xumplo to follow.
•i No   889 of the Western  Clurion
lutblished un article taken from
nion  .Justice,"  under caption of
icii   I'nrty   Does  Nothing."    The
i'<r  <>f   that     article   maintained
a six    months    cession of the
ise.'  "f   t'otiimnns  hud   lieen   pruc-
liiirien   of     even     the   most.
i''   results to the working class
*|>ite  of   the   fact   that   fifty-four
"i    itii'inbt-rs"   inloriieel    the   Be.-h-
slth  their  prusunce.    Not  only
noihing done but nothing of any
lirulnr consequence  wuh  even  ut-
I'teil  by   ihis valiant bund  of  la-
'• 'i'le-senlativea.    Tb-'   the stut*.*-
I« of ".iiiMlice" aru clone to lhe
ih   is   borne     out     by   numerous
1 r |>u|a.'rs and are practically not
iradicled    by any.     Il bas boon
aided ubrond that, at least many
these  labor   men   were   Socialists
I ihiit their election waa a "groat
"list     victory."        Just     whut
'■".ils there are for making mich
mix may readily be eecn from nn
II 'le in the Winnipeg Voice of
' 21. by A. Vernon Thomaa, of
1 -ity. Tho article waa culled
tn liocause of n declsration made
Mrs.   .1.   Ramsay McDonald while
Winnipeg  recently  that   "the  ro-
' election in Great llrituin was u
t«ry f,,r Socialism."   Tho follciw-
■ttract  from the article by Mr.
"iiuih is worthy of careful portM***
particular     time   by   every
Hns
pl-ingman who is not politically
us it thrown much valuable
I1" upon the modern art ol "ham-
hnging" the only movement of lair that the ruling class of Knglund
"">'  other country  feors.
,'s" far from tho vorduet ol the
|''»t general election in Great Brlt-
ii'ing a victory for Socialism,
Mrs. Miiciionuld assorts. It roprc-
l""d for tho Socialist Party a sig-
I1 ntid overwhelming defeat. Not
l(i"ii'lu one of the candidates who
I""1 as profoMed Socialists con-
Lv,'d to find a moro favorable place
tho bottom of tho poll, al-
Jfn>Kb never before in Hritish par-
fttiiintury history wero tho condi-
r"*' ho auspicious for oandidatiS)
'advanced views.
(-°w with regard to the fifty-four
*"'"'' candidates who  wore success-
in  tho  recent  election   nnd  who
I'' "ow members of the British par-
T1""*-* • no less thnn twenty-nine cn-
Vi'd ui'iiii their campaign under the
[■Jl'lces nnd with tho supfiort of thc
fhiir  llepresentatlun   Committee  of
l'**nde  Union  Congress.       This
immittoo was mooted  in  1809 nnd
liiuilly  formed   In   IttOO,   Ita  main
l'l'"''!   being,   according  to   its  own
i"'men. to    socttre the rmMwitas
••■  labor in tho British House
"ttitnons.    Various labor organi-
■""'is woro    invited    to  Join  and
'■'»iemiiv  x„o committee  wns form-
"i delegate* representing (1) tho
11 "**■■ Trade Unions,  (3) the Inde
cent general election, in no way connected with the Labor Keprcsenta-
tinn Cnmraitte*e. Tito British Trade
Unions formed tho committee's backbone, und their delegates exercised
un overwhelming Influence in every
direction. At the moment of the
election the trade union delegates oif
the committee numbered ten out of
n total of thirteen, and even this
proportion represcntied less tfytn
their actual  strength.
"I readily admit that the Inde-
pSOdsBt lAbor Party is a Socialist
body *nd amongst the twenty-nine
successful memliers supported and
iiornitiiiteei by the Labor representation Committee were, it is quite
true, seven mnmltt-r* of that party,
lint be it noted, not one of these
seven mi*rnl*ers was allowed to stand
ns a Socialist As a matter of fact
each stood as a trade unionist, and
each is directly connected with a
trade union. Ihe* rules of the Labor
re|,rif*e'iirntion committee distinctly)
dated thnt all candidate* nominated
atid suppoit'll by thc committee
should appear l-eforc the respective
constituencies "under the title of
lielair candidates only." As a reporter throughout the election lor
one of the largest of the provincial
dailies, it fell to my lot to report
th.* iptMirhon of several candidates of
the* Ivil.i.r He-presentation Committee
vvho un* now memliers of parliament.
On no single occasion did I hear ex-
preinrloq given to pronounced socialist dogmas, and it woulel, tt> say the
le»tnct. huve Im-ch dishcinorable for
any candidate to huve accepted the
committee's support for the purpose
of advocating the Socialist program.
It would. moreover, hnve been fatal
to his chances of election. The remaining labor members were in
nearly every cuse representatives of
tradea unions, which for one reason
i- the other held aloof from the Lnbor Representation Committee. One
of those reasons was undoubtedly
the disinclination of several of the
trade unions—nmong them some of
the largest and strongest—to enter
into an agreement of any kind with
the Independent Labor Purty and
the   Fnbinn     sctciety,  lieith   Sociulist
• ■rpiiii/iit ions.
ll is doubtless quite true that
that there are muny Socialists in the
ranks of the trade unions. Mrs. Mac-
llonald stn'os tnat the trade unions
ure permeated with Socialism. Then,
how comes it that every candidate
who Cams forward ns a Socialist wa
ut the bottom ol thc poll? Why was
not the Socialist candidate elected
at Burnley. Ace-rington. Bradford,
Rochdale, Northampton or elsewhere?   All  the towns just mention-
• •d  nre strongholds    of  the  working
• Inns, anel in each of them the trude
union vote probably decided the election There is no evidence whatever
to prove thnt Socialism of the
school of Murx or I„ Snllc has made
headway   In     Great  Britain,   on  thc
• ontnary there is strong evidence
that not only the trade unionists,
but nlso the more numerous ranks of
unskilled and unorganized labor arc
extremely suspicious of the doctrin-
uiro Socialists.
"The strength of the tabor Representation Committee and the success
of the labor candidate! In the recent
election were largely, one might even
say mainly, due to the litigation
which followed the Taff Vale strike
of 1900. The final result of that
litigation wits thut thc railway servants' union was heavily mulcted for
diimnges alleged by tho railway company to huve boon caused by the
striking of its employees. The verdict was received with a shout of in-
dlgSntlon throughout the trade unions ot Croat Britain. The bitter
i.ilection was made by the members
that for eighteen yenrs practically
every British judge had ttoen appointed by a Conservative govo_n*m<*nt.
PrO-Obb* no question was more
dealt with in thc platform utterances of the lnbor candidates thnn
the conditions created by the Tat!
Vale railway company."
The most serious matter for the
consideration of the valiant fifty-
foiir, nntl practically the issue upon
which they were elected was tho Taff
Yule decision. Beyond that and a
few minor Undo union palliatives
thnir election appears to have no
purpose.
Whothcr those who stand sponsor
for these "labor pnrty" and "labor
rcpresontntlon" schemes know it or
not, they are used as the menns of
hamstringing tho renl labor movement, i.e., the movement of labor
for the overthrow of the rulo of
capital and the abolition of tho
wage-system. The art of "hamstringing" wns never mors cleverly
practiced than in the case of this
much-vaunt eel British Labor movement. The only movement feared by
the pront-moiigerlng gang that huvo
for  centurion     sucked   thc  substance
from the bones of the British workmen is, for the time being, without
effective expression in consequence of
this "labor representation" ruse. It
will remain without it until it cuts
loose from all trade union satiations and builds from the bedrock
of class action and claas Interest.
Until it does that it will remain
"hamstrung" and helpless. If the
•Independent Labor Party is a Socialist organization it will be forced
to smother its Socialism or cut
loose from its trades union connection, no matter if it were organized
by trades unionists themselves. That
its seven members elected on the program of thc Labor Representation
committee were forced to smother
their Socialist connections is shown
in Mr. Thomas' statement of the
case. That they could smother
them s-H-uks volumes for the const!,
tutional weakness of those convictions. •
At any  rate "hamstringing" as a
fine art is well worth looking into at
this particular stage of the game.
 o
Trouble is reported at Fernie. The
union miners recently served notice
upon the company that they proposed
to refuse longer to work with nonunion men. On thc 22nd day of this
month the union men failed to ap-
pear at work. Ninety-two non-union men however, were on hand. The
company had posted notice that such
of the men who did not report for
work on Monday, Sept. 24th, might
consider themselves discharged. The
result of this notice is not as yet
known. The workingmen of this
province should be careful not to be
led into any rash action that may
result in their being deprived of the
opportunity of exercising their political rights at the forthcoming election. No capitalist concern in British Columbia is any too good to resort to even the most descpicablc
meana in order to drive them out of
districts where their votes may
threaten danger to capitalist interests. The miners of Fernie should
be part iculurly careful not to nllow
themselves tei Im* drawn into any ac-
tion that may have such a purpose
in view or even make it possible.   .
When the police department of
Denver, Colorado, set out to put a
sprag in the wheel of Socialist activity for the election of William V.
Haywood to the office of Governor
of that state, by arresting the speakers at campaign meetings held in
streets of the city, they reckoned
without their host as fools are quite
apt to do. The more arrests they
made the more speakers came to the
front, mounted the box and proceeded with the lambasting. As fast as
they were released from custody,
either under bail or after having been
need by the court, they returned to
their street-corner and resumed the
thread of their remarks. If they were
flood they promptly appealed their
caae. The crowds kept getting
larger, more interested and more enthusiastic. At last the police gave
it up, but.fortunately not until they
had succeeded in setting well on its
feet the most vigorous and determined campaign on behalf of the Socialist candidate that has ever been
waged in the interest af one of that
political faith on this western continent. All of which firmly convinces
us thst an over-ruling Providence
oftentimes works out the end it has
In view in most mysteriously clever
ways.
o	
A recent train wreck on the Great
Northern in the State of Washington was evidently caused by the
track being in bad condition at that
point. Six men lost their lives. Two
mail clerks on the train considered
it their duty to set forth the facts
of thc case and lay blame for the
accident, where, in their opinion, it
properly lielonged, upon the company. They wrote and signed letters
for publication to a Spokane paper,
setting forth the facts. They were
promptly and severely reprimanded
therefor by the postal officials, suspended from their runs for ten days
and fined 830 each. The railway
company, to show that it was in
sympathy with, the postal department, also discharged the conductor
of the elinine ear on the wrecked
train for discussing the disaster. In
view of these occurrence* we arc undecided whether to lie in favor of
Government ownership, or to stick
to good old capilalist ownership in
its pn*sent form. Wrom the workers
standpoint there seems to bc no difference.
THE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIALISM
A Correspondent of Reynold's Newspaper Discusses Socialism in a Manner That Shows him to be not Altogether
Unfamiar With the Subject
It is not so long since leading firms
of publishers fought shy of issuing
Sociulist ic books, but now they find
thc publication of such works is
good business. Hence, Messrs. Mac-
millan publish. "A summary and Interpretation eif Socialist Principles"
by Mr. Spargo, who has had great
experience as a Socialist lecturer in
the United States, and writes with
full knowledge of hia subject, and in
a stvle lucid and forcible. The rapid
progress thut tho Socialist movement is making alt over the world
cannot be Ignored by thoughtful people, whether thoy like it or not.
Even Herbert Spencer, the great
apostle of individualism, came to the
conclusion that thc movement will
ultimately triumph. In a letter to a
well known Frenchman, M. Davenay,
published in the Paris Figaro a few
days after Mr. Spencer's death, ho
wrote: "The opinions I have delivered here before you, and which you
hnve the Itberty to publish, are
briefly these: (I) Socialism will
triumph inevitably, in spile of all
opposition; (2) its establishment will
be the greatest disaster which the
world has ever known; (8) sooner or
Inter it will Ihi brought to an end by
u military despotism." As wc are
practically living under a military
despotism now, and spending the
greater part of the National Revenue
In maintaining it, wo should hardly
bo worse eiff thsn we sre at present
should the philosopher's worst fears
be realised. Mr. Spargo endeavors
to show that Spencer's fears wore
quite groundless. Spencer did not
understand Socialism any more than
did  Ebenoicr Klllott. who asked:—
What  is a Socialist?   One who is
willing
To give up his penny and pocket
your shilling.
Spencer Imagined, as many people
still Imagine, that Socialism means
'Government by a great bureaucracy,
the crushing out of indlvudual liberties, the suppression of genius, and
the reduction of mankind to a dead-
lovol of mediocrity. It moans none
of these things, but quite tho opposite. It simply means what John
Stuart Mill, with keener insight thnn
Spencer, saw that it meant. "Tho
problem of tho future," said Mill,
"is how to secure the greatest individual liberty with a common ownership of tho raw materials of tho
globe, ami tho participation by all
in the products of combined lnbor."
Under tho existing competitive system, the products of labor for tho
most part, go to those who toil not,
neither do they spin. Under Socialism they would go to the producers
according to their merits or their
needs.     Ijihor     would   be   organized
under communal control for thc production of I'ommeidities for use anel
not for profit. Emulation would
take the place of competition, and
all monopolies' would become public
instead  of  private  properties.
SOCIALISM NATURAL.
Opponents of Socialism tell us that
it is unnatural, because competition
is the law of Nature. But It is not
bo. Kropotkin has developed thc
theory that though there is an immense amount of warfare and extermination going on amidst various
classes of animals, there is, at thc
same time, ss much or, jierhaps even
more, ot mutual support, nutual aid,
mutual defence amidst animals belonging to the same species, or, at
least, to the same Society. Sociability is as much a law ot Nature as
mutual struggle . . . .If we resort
to an indirect test and ask Nature:
"Who are the fittest: those who are
continually nt war with each other,
or those who support one another?"
we nt once see thnt those animals
which acquire habits of mutual aid
are undoubtedly, the fittest. They
have more chances to survive, and
they attain, in their respective
classes, the highest development of
Intelligence and bodily organization.
If tho numberless facts which can be
brought to support this view are taken into account, we may safely suy
that mutual aid is ns much a law of
animal life as mutual struggle, but
that, as a factor of evolution, it
most probably has a far greater
importance, inasmuch, as it favors
the development of such habits and
characters as insure the maintenance
and further development of tho species together with the greatest
amount of welfare and enjoyment of
life for the individual with the least
waste of energy." Socialism is coming in the natural order of evolution. "Its hopes for tho future,"
says Mr. Spargo, "rest, not upon
the genius of some Utopia-builder,
but upon tho forces of historical development. The Socialist state will
never lie realized except as thc result of economic necessity, the culmination of successive epochs of industrial evolution. Thus the present
social system appears to the Socialist of today, not as it appeared to
tho Utopians, and as it still must
appear to mere ideologist reformers,
as a triumph of ignoAmce or wickedness, the reign of false ideas, but
as a result of an age-long evolutionary process determined, not wholly
indeed, but mainly, by certain methods of producing the noeossitirs of
life in tho first place, nnd, secondly,
of effecting their exchange.
FROM THE DUNSMUIR KINGDOM
Breezy Letter Touching Upon the Efforts of Ladysmtth's
Political Heelers to Devise a Scheme to Compass the
Defeat of Parker Wtfams at the Next Section.
(Continued on page three.)
In a previous letter I referred to
a "joint" meeting which the political lights of Ladysmith called for the
purpose* of devising ways and means
of wiping out the "common enemy."
This was the happy phrase tbey
adoptee! to signify Parker Williams;
and, consequently, marked him out
with their own seal and stamp as
the unequivocal friend of labor. The
meeting is in every conceivable sense
worthy of a few passing remarks.
The term "historic" as applied to
poiiticni gatherings, has been worn
threadbare by over use; but I fancy
that this meeting at Ladysmith may
yet become a distinctly historic
event in provincial politics. Certainly it merits such a distinction.
It was peculiar even for Ladysmith,
and, in thfs respect, no city yet
built by hand has equalled or ever
successfully can cental, Ladysmith. In
giving a reason for calling the meeting its originators' squashed out ot
sight every political principle upon
which the Government of the province has supposedly been earriejd.
Here was an absence of guile only
surpassed by monumental gall and
check. And when one writes gall and
cheek he has struck to the vital and
indeed, the only principle, as well
as the entire political stock in trade,
of these I_idysmith boosters. They
have not even been discernment
enough to see when they are showing their own hands; but, if this be
pointed out to them, they have more
than enough of gall to carry it
through. They are insensible to all
ordinary forms of disapproval and
even nctive disapprobation, and
neither obloquy nor ostracism hns
ever fetrhed a blush to their faces or
n  blink  to their eyes.
Hul it will, |ierhaps, be the best
method of procedure to devote a
little consideration und criticism to
the meeting itself. Who were originally responsible for thc movement
which the meeting was called to establish is not known, ot course, outside the inner ring concerned. But
it is suspected to have lieen arranged in a saloon which is run by a
booster and largely patronized by a
clique of suckers. The meeting was
one of Liberals and Conservatives,
anel its object to agree upon an "in-
detfiendent" candidate to be nm
against Parker Williams. Now, as
ever-,- "Clarion" reader knows, politics is either a game or a profession. Our politicians are in for iwhat
they can get for themselves and then
for their friends, or they are in for
want of something bet ter to do with
their time. Naturally, the former
variety are the more numerous, and
they are mainly responsible for the
maintenance of those party labels by
means of which ignorant voters have
ln-en so long deluded and so long deprived of their heritage. In British
Columbia they, the politicians, are
all grafters, and hence thc wild
shrieking and vile calling of names
in the party press and on thc party
platform. I,et all workmen take note
what all this windy frothing and
ulleged jiarty warfare amounts to.
In order to show n double front
against Parker Williams, who has
sinned only in the intensity of his
ejjfsirc and the persistence of his efforts to serve his fellows." These parasites of capital and capitalistic politicians, shamelessly peel off their
labels and chuck behind them their
watchwords. They make no to do
about, it. Let us get rid of this
Parker Williams, they say. We can
get nothing until we do ihat. Once
vve have settled with him we shall
find some-thing worth scrapping for.
Unprincipled, selfish grafters, one
and all!
It transpired al the meeting that
the originators of the scheme that
not even di-nlt honestly with their
friends. Lndysmith's one legal luminal'1, pleaded for delay, and complained thnt the attendance was not
large enough to make the meeting
representative. This argument was
immediately replied to by rather a
superior person from thc mining contingent, at thc meeting.
The gathering was representative,
he said, so fur as these kind of gatherings go in Ladysmith. I can
vouch for the truth of this statement. There is not a man in the
town of decent principle and independent mind who would care to bo
associated with tho s|ieakcr in any
kind of gathering at all. So long
as the said speaker and his intimates
are at the head of political and public meetings and movements the legal
one may call in vain for better attendances. It is notorious that this
mar. and his likes havo for years exploited their fellows. It is notorious thnt thoy betrayed their fellows
during the strike of three and a half
years ago. And isn't it known to
everyone that becuuse of this
betrayal, of their constant lip service to the bosses, of their all-round
nnd unubashed sucking, they have
always lieen treated to the liest of
the work in the mine? If not openly
shunned they ore secretly execrated.
And yet these unconscionable time-
servers, together with Iheir friends,
the merchants and suloon-keepers,
want to order and run the political
life of the place. I should have said
|-'open"   political   life;   for  after all,
jthe men who don't attend the meet-
j ings and profess no political creed,
ihave always an awkward Socialistic
\"x" up their sleeves for election
day. The ballot beats even the
booster.
Another incident of note developed
in the meeting. One of the speakers
wasn't quite in favor of an independent candidate. There was shrewdness here, as is to tie expected from
a man who habitually wears an air
of gravity and wisdom which would
have left Solomon himself a picture
of inanity, and who, besides, has had
rthe offer of his political services
most emphatically refused. No, he
wanted either a Liberal or a Conservative, with, of course, the same
agreement of united action and support. The speaker was uttering
words of wisdom. The Independent
M. P. is always a fake. Ask the
Nanaimo men! Besides, he brings
bade to the constituency none of the
regular spoils of the hunt. But the
speaker is riot on the inside ring,
and the management of a coalition
group, cspct-inlly- where there are
separate cliques, each and all with
an axe to grind, is at best a delicate and ticklish business, lt would
not be at all surprising if the whole
scheme was rent to pieces by nothing
stronger thon sectional jealousies.
Their strongest point of agreement
is In regarding Williams as their
"common enemy." He is that undoubtedly; and for that very reason
every intelligent workman at Extension Mine regards Williams as his
liest friend. The workman knows
hnt it is to these same glib merchants and lip servers that he owes
his present deplorable conditions of
life. He is not surprised at the last
exhibition of -political fake, but he
resents it none the less. And finally,
he would worn all these grabbers
and fakirs not to mistake compulsory silence for want of intelligence.
If they are inclined to forget the conditions they have created, he never
for a moment does so, and the reckoning is both long and heavy.
ISLANDER.
Soldiers ! Sailors ! We, the legally
elected representatives of the peasants and working men, declare to
yem that without a Duma the Government is illegal and the orders
now issued by thc Government have
no legal force.
We call on you, first, to cease to
obey the illegal Government and actively to oppose it in conjunction
with ourselves and the whole poor
population. You have taken an oath
to defend your Fatherland ; your Fatherland is Russia, the towns, tbe
villages, and the whole Russian people. Defend this Fatherland. Stand
side by side with us for the land and
for liberty.
Secondly, any man who shoots at
the people is a criminal, a traitor,
and an enemy of tho people. We inform all such in the name of their
fathers and brothers that they will
not lie allowed to return to their
homes, and that over their names
will hang the eternal curse of the
people.—From an appeal to the army
and navy, by the Russian Revolution now.
Three Socialist speakers were arrested for addressing meetings upon
the streets of Iienver, Colorado, recently in behalf of thc candidacy of
William D. Haywood for Governor ot
thnt Stato. In response to a call
mado through tho distribution of
hand bills an immense crowd gathered on the following evening, when
twenty speakers were also arrested.
In the light of this, and in view of
the fact that hundreds of similar occurrences are happening throughout
the States, we ht*g leave to suggest
to our zealous but erratic brethren
of semi-nnarrhist persuasion, who
"pooh-pooh" the necessity of political uction upon the part of thc working class as the first step towards
its delivery from capitalist rule and
exploitation, that they are simply
"hug-house."
The San Francisco Chronicle has
been greatly disturbed of late becuuse of the unsettled condition of
the "labor murket" in thut city,
tilt-luring that much necessary building was being delayed because contractors could not figure with .any
certainty upon the wages the*y would
be forced to pay their workmen.
Thnt estimable sheet speaks bitterly
of the rise in wuges and also the
rise in the prico of materials. Iu
referring to this awful condition the
Chronicle says: "Of courwe, lalior is
not the only factor in the rise, but
it is the most important, fur ull material, except the natural products of
the earth,   is  labor."
If all material in usable form
mercil'y ropreHi»nts labor, where in
tho deuce does the necessity of capital come in? The more the exponents of tha present order indulge in
gabble the more thoroughly are we
convinced that "brother cupital" in
un Impostor thnt Is merely sponging upon Labor under the specious
pretense of kinship. Such nn impostor should be chased out.
!
*1
V I
1
TWO
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at tks Offlcs of tha Weatera Clarion,
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next
their usurpation. That Instrument
la ths State; the organized powers of
capitalist society; government. Once
the capitalist class loses control of
its own creation, the modern state,
by this instrument falling into possession of thc revolutionary working
class, their legal title to the command of industry and their power to
enforce it collapses. Their usurpation is brought to an end. "The expropriators are expropriated,"
In spite of the fact that he has
pointed out to them that the process
of capitalist industry was the great organizer and revolutionary teacher of
the working class, many of the pro-
fessed students and followers ot
Marx are bawling themselves hoarse
in their efforts to organize the
workers "industrially" and teach
them solidarity, "class-consciousness" and thc revolution, something
after the fashion of teaching the
multiplication table to a bunch of
"kids"  in school.
In the light of the teachings ot he
whom they profess to follow, and ln
the further light of the lessen so
clearly drawn by ths gigantic and
powerful mechanism of capitalist industry as it daily o-ieratee under our
very eyes, about the only sane conclusion to be drawn from their vocal exercises and gymnastics is that
they are lost in the fog of their own
confusion.       	
THE CLASS STRUGGLE.
alone. Therefore the Working class
not only pays its own "Aagss, but
pays the enormous profit and expense of tho cupital class besides.
The working class is held ln this
position by virtue of the fact that
the capitalists own tbe industrial
property upon which they depend for
u living, i.e., the means of weulth
production. This ownership is vested
in thejm by the State, that is the
organized powers of Government.
The State safeguards tho owners in
their title to these properties, thereby securing to them the complete
command of the service's of tho
workers and the ownership of the
wenlth  they produce.
The State is always adding to its
power of repression.    As the u
and
SATURDAY,   SEPT.  39,  1906.
LOST  IK THE FOG.
In another column will be found a
chapter from "Capital, by Karl
Marx." It should be read and studied by every one whether wage-earn-
er or not. It affords excellent evidence of the ability to fathom the
meaning of thc industrial phenomena
of his time, possessed by Marx, and
the wohdcrfully clever and accurate
conclusions he could draw therefrom.
It should be remembered that "Capital" was written more than half a
century ago. The expropriation of
the individual producer, the killing
off of many small capitalists by a
few big ones, and tbe enormous and
effective concentration of capital into huge and all-powerful combination had not then been carried to
anything like the point they have
now reached. Consequently it was
not so easy to recognise the drift
of things and correctly predict the
outcome as it would be at the present time. And yet one cannot read
the chapter in question without being struck with the fact that Marx
correctly outlined the course that
capitalist development must follow,
and the ultimate result of it. Much
of that which he referred to has already occurned. The expropriation
of the individual producer working
with his own implements of industry
has all but lieen made absolute. The
killing off of many small capitalists
by a few big ones is well under way
as is evidenced by the shrieks of
Tarbells, Lawsons, Moffatts and a
host of similar shriekers.
The organization and discipline of
the workers, "by the very mechanism
of the process of production itself,"
is becoming each day more thorough,
effective and complete. In consequence of their' becoming more completely bound together industrially,
mors firmly bound together in the
great process of production, these
workers are becoming more and more
revolutionary, an ever increasing
number of them are beginning to
view things from a class standpoint.
As the process of modern production
compels them to work together it is
also compelling them to act together
in their common interest, lt ia already a fact patent to tbe observer
that large numbers of them are ''already dominated by the idea of ousting the capitalists from their control of the means of production, Mid
such control being assumed by the
working claas in its own behalf.
Capitalist development, with its
consequent economic pressure upon
the workers, while it has organized
and disciplined them industrially.
has by tho same token been indoctrinating them with the necessary
revolutionary ideas and spirit to
efiect the overthrow of that capitalism from whose loins they have
sprung. Marx and Engels point this
out in the Communist Manifesto
in the following words: "The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the burgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the laborer,
due to competition, by their revolutionary combination, due to association."
Mot only does "tho very mechanism of the process. Of production,
unify, discipline and organize," the
-workers industrially, but it actually
and from necessity, puts them in
charge of the entire industrial plant
of capitalism. It will, therefore, be
unnecessary to seize the factories,
minop, .wort-shops, roiitways and
other means of production in the
event of a working class revolution.
These things are not only already in
charge ol and manned by the working class, but there is no other part
of human society capable of taking
their place. As Marx has put it thc
capitalists have merely "usurped"
ownership of these things, i.e., thc
means of production. Alt, therefore,
that is necessary for the workers to
do, should they become so minded as
to bring to an end the exploitation
they suffer at the hands of the capitalists is to seise thc instrument
(whereby    these     usurpers maintain
"The character and purpose of the
present system of property in the
means of wealth production divides
human society into two opposing
classes or factions. These two
classes arc arrayed each against the
other for the reason that their material interests conflict at every
point. The highest and best interests of tbe one cannot be conserved
except at a corresponding loss or
injury to the interests of the other.
For this reason a condition of chronic hostility exists between tbem,
sometimes open and violent, at
others quiescent, hut smoldering.
The periods of apparent peace are
but times of truce during which open
hostilities ore temporarily suspended,
only to break out afresh and with
renewed violence whenever either
combatant deems the moment opportune to the securing of an advantage over the opposing force.
The material interest of the capitalist class demands a meek, submissive and servile labor that shall
be content to subsist upon tbe least
possible pittance in the shape ot
wages. The more docile the worker, and the smaller tbe wage with
which they will remain content, the
greater the profit assured to the
owners of capital, and therefore, the
more satisfactory the condition from
the standpoint of that class. A docile and submissive labor is a
source of great economy to tbe capitalists. No large outlay for soldiery, police, sheriffs, courts, jails,
penitentiaries, etc., is required to
deal with such a type of labor. This
results in a large saving to tbe capitalists thereby increasing the balance to their credit' at tbe end of
a stated period., When the workers
will consent to exist upon the most
meagre pittance this increases the
profits of capital to the maximum,
thus affording the most ideal conditions to tbe benificiaries ot that form
of property.
Unfortunately for the capitalists,
however, tbe workers of almost any
country on earth refuse to submit
peacefully to these ideal capitalist
conditions. They get rebellious, demand more wages, better conditions
ol employment and shorter hours of
service and then there is trouble.
The powers of repression arc
strengthened entailing additional expense, and whether the workers succeed in their demands for the time
being or not, a considerable sum is
drained from the profits of the capi
talista and their ideal conditions
disturbed thereby. The enormous
cost of keeping the workers in subjection may be seen from the expenditures of the various governments
of the earth for repressive purposes,
the bulk of which is made necessary
simply because tbe workers will not
tamely, submit to capitalist ideal
conditions.
Every advance made hy the work'
ing class in tbe matter of material
comfort and well-being measures
corresponding lessening of the power
of the capitalists over the worker.
This, of course, means an injury to
the material interests of the capitalists. Thnt Is why every measure
intended to advance the interests of
even a section of the workers is so
stubbornly fought by every capitalist
interest in thc Isnd. As the interest
of the capitalist class and tba working class conflict at every point, no-
'hing beyond those periods of truce
ilrendy referred to can possibly obtain between tbem. That conflict
of Interests, makes of them deadly
enemies and' it -will not down so
long as the system of property in
the means of wealth remains, that
divides men into these two hostile
camps.
Capitalists live hy the profit that
iccrues to them from ths operation
it their In-iustrial properties. Their
interests therefore demand that their
oroperty interests bo not disturbed.
Workers live by labor and not by
orofit. In order to live they must
have access to thc means of production, this very industrial property
that is owned by the capitalists and
by means of which they draw their
irofits. Tn order to obtain such access they are compelled to sell their
•lower to labor, their energy, their
life, to thc owners of this property
in order to purchase from the samo
owners or their agents, the necessaries of life. That which they re-
reive for their labor-power is called
wages. Wages and profits come fron,
the same source. They are paid
solely in thc products of labor, and
the workingmen furnish the labor.
Not only the food, etc., consumed by
both capitalists and workers, hut all
the tools, machinery and other appliances used in wealth production
are produced by the working class
^^^^^^^^^^ ork-
men become more completely subjugated by capitalist property ~*
more hopelessly victims ot Ita merciless labor market they become mure
turbulent and rebellious. This necessitates a stronger government,
and the military and police power
is promptly extended. An instance
of this has been recently afforded in
Pennsylvania by the establishing of
a mounted constabulary to control
the slaves of the cool districts in
that atate.
The first step to be taken by the
workers in order to offeet their deliverance from the exploitation of
capital is to obtain osswem ol
the state. That is to g*t nfti'l
of the reins f Oovertimont, ihe t- in
power available to the *ctw*v.i <*i to
enable them to hold '.he w.t*k*i.-s iu
subjection. This is -*» -it n *••:( evident proposition that ro irgummt
is necessary to support it. If capitalist interests are to be protected
the capitalist class must govern.
That is it must moke the law and
enforce it. Ily so doing it can maintain its position and continue its exploitation. If tabor is to free itself
from capitalist exploitation the
workers must dispossess the capitalists of the means whereby that exploitation is made possible. That
implies that Government, the power
to coerce, must be taken away from
them. Whether we like to idmit it
or not, that is the purpose of tho
revolutionary movement of the workers the world over.
The class struggle Is on. The
struggle upon thc part ot the masters the -capitalist -class Is to prolong
their rule by hanging on to the control of that instrument alone, whereby they can maintain their economic
dominion over the workers. Upon the
part of the workers it is to wrest
that instrument from the hand of ths
capitalists in order that it may no
longer be used as the means of holding them in economic bondage to
profit - mongering, labor - skinning
commercial brigands and pirates.
official organ ol the Vfo-ltf- Federation of Miners.
The Industrial Workers of the
world should not be used to fly the
Socialist Labor Party kite. The Socialist tabor Party must not be permitted to draw its sustenuuee from
the I. W. W. If the Industrial
Workers of the World is to In* used
to keep the Socialist tabor Party
afloat, then the sooner both sink to
oblivion, the I tot ter it will lie fpr the
labor millions of this country. But
we have faith In thc wisdom and intelligence of tho men who are laboring heroically for the future of tho
I. W. W. and we believe that tho
wisdom und honesty of thc loyal
membership, who have at heart the
welfare of the struggling millions
will steer clear of tho breakers that
now seem to threaten the new organ-,
izntion.
jMcCoiuk.ii  und   his brother  csndi-
Workera ol the World who art wett-
tntentlonod and serious ln thair efforts to solve tho problem confronting the workers under capitalist rule,
that thc safety of thoir organisations, and the assurance of their further usefulness in the cause (or
which they have sprung into exist-
once, aro seriously threatened if thia
gang of ignorainusete is allowed to
use these organizations for the purpose of flying their political "kite"
or any other kite they are capable
of conceiving.
Union  Directory
Wfsct* The***
Wtwrr Thry «„,
Mr* Kerry Labor Uniou in tl,, prorliTT-7
ihTo t« |lUc< ■ card under this h,TT- ll
-..-.it.      h-rrtsr-sulr.M „.,t, ,,M I*
Month.
Phoenix
NEW
PROVINCIAL CONVENTION, K
SON. B.C., OCTOBER oTH
By a decided vote In its favor,
Nelson is chosen us the place of convention by mentbers of the Socialist
Ulnars'   	
fl.    Meets   every S.tur<_.
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Miiw
ui  p  it    ____   Unlon'   *•>  I
W. F. M.    Meet!   »»..- e-.~ .**•
V. Ingram, president;
Plekard, secretary
imert*
W.A.
J. Edward Bird.    A. 0. llrydon-j_i
Oao. E. McCroMan.
MM, MVMN-MBK i McCROSUl
•ARIUBTIltS, SOLH'ITORR, I.R
dates must look to tho Socialist Le-   ™;Trf^_ad*l- thia province
boi   Pnrty  ,..r  political  support and   Party 1_* W~J'\J™1  .,,„„  Prfj
IMS I ■*•■.-, .w_ v_—
hot to the Industrial Workers of the
World. The Industrial Workers ol
the World are not committed to the
Socialist Labor Party, and the Miners' Magazino refuses to publish the
libelous documents of McConnell,
which he calls s "letter of Acceptance."—-Miners Magazine.
While the Dominion Tradea and La
hoe congress was in session at Victoria discussing the advisability of
launching a tabor Party, a convention of the Provincial WorkCas'- Association was also in session at "Hal-
fax, N.S., for a similar purpose. It
is becoming quite fashionable for labor orba nidations to take to politics
nowadays. It is hoped that in time
the memliers of organised labor will
arrive at an understanding of the
fundamental principles of capitalist
production, and the position they
occupy under the rule of cspitsl.
They will then he able to express
themselves politically along lines
that at least hold out a promise of
relief for the miseries heaped upon
them by the present regime.
O" ■■
THAT LE7ITEB OF ACCEPTANOfc.
We have received a letter from
James A. McConnell, a candidate of
tho Socialist Labor Pnrty of Pennsylvania, i*omiesting us to extend the
same courtesy to his letter ol acceptance as we did ln publishing Oil-
dea's letter of acceptance. We desire
to inform the candidate of the Socialist Labor Party of Pennsylvania,
that Gildea asked no favors or courtesies from the Miners' Magazine.
We recognired in Qildea's letter of acceptance, a clear cut document,
whose logic appealed to the reason
and thc common sense of the working class. Olldea's letter of acceptance contained none of that bitterness and jealous hate, that divides
tho workers and makes them easy
prey for the capitalist exploiters.
His letter of acceptance stamped him
as a man whose heart was yearning
for a closer unity in the labor movement that Is now divided through
croft and trade organization. The
letter of acceptance offered bj|
McConnell is s libel upon the records
of such men ns Gildea, Maurer and
Moore, and the magazine will not be
made a sewer, through which McConnell or any other member or candidate of the Socialist tabor Party
shall lie enabled to run off calumny
and' vituperation.
This Socialist tabor Party in various towns and cities throughout the
country has hurled its vindictivencss
against Haywood, because he accepted a nomination from the Socialist
party. The "infallibles" of the Socialist tabor Party will not be recognized by Haywood as hia Czar,
nor will the Magazine give space In
its columns to the dirty political
wares of sny man or men, who make
assaults on a party or the character of men, where the statmrtrtits
made are not borne out by the facts.
Oildea, Maurer and Moore are men
who have proven their loyalty to the
working class, and we refuse to give
space Ir the Magazine to any letter
of acceptance that casts aspersions
upon the record of men who have
stood out boldly and fearlessly advocating and defending tho interests
of the class to which thoy belong.
McConnell, who claims to be a member of the I. W. *#., shows a disposition to boost the Socialist tabor
Party. The Magaslne is not yet
wedded to the Socialist tabor Party
and when the editor of ths Miners*'
Magaslne la placed in a position
where he' must obey the mandates of
fanatics, who are disrupters Instead
of organizers, ho will gracefully retire from tho editorial helm of ths
There was a time when ths Socialist Labor Party bid fair to become
factor in the political history of
the United States. In the early 90s
it was making no inconsiderable
headway as tho expression of an on-
slaved working class determined to
conquer* the power to effect its free-
d<im. It was rapidly gaining the
confidence of the workers and awakening among them an increased interest and activity in thc cause ol Labor. As luck would have it the
party's affairs fell under the control
of a bunch of fanatics, whose insignificance, for sny other purpose than
mischief, was exceeded in magnitude
only by their colossal ignorance of
tho tabor movement and the problem before it for solution.
This Ignorant  bunch  proceeded to
steer the party    from    its original
purpose  of  marshalling the  workers
for the coiurue*st of the public powers
in  order to effect   their deliverance
from  wage-servitude,  into the  bogs
and  quicksands  of trade union  warfare  for  -'better  conditions"   within
the confines of the present wage-system.    From tbe house-tops they proclaimed.  It  is true,  lhat eventually
they were going to abolish the wage
system.    But  thc  first  thing to be
done   was     to   re-adjust  matters  to
suit   their  diseased   imaginations   in
tbe "economic field."    They made a
-KtfsUtcnt  onslaught upon thc trade
unions  already  In  thc  field.     Whatever may lie said of the shortcomings
of the trade  unions, ss far as the
emancipation     ot  tabor  from  wage-
exploitation  is  concerned,   it   is  but
fsir to state that they were then, as
now, obtaining probably all the advantages  thnt     are  possible   in  the
face of a labor market whoae conditions arc. even at the best of times,
none too favorable for them.   From
the day the ignoramuses st the helm
succeeded in steering the party into
factional *»arfare within the camp of
labor by sotting    up   uiion against
union,  ant! attributing the evil consequences    of    capitalist production
and  wage-slavery to  the evil  character of the men who officered   the
old  line unions,   dated  its downfall
as a factor    tn    American politics.
Whatever prestige it had previously
gained among thc workers themselves
was speedily lost.   Those within its
ranks who were far-eighted enough to
see the reckless folly into which the
party was being plunged and dared
to  raise a protest  sgainst  it  were
promptly crucified by tho unscrupulous machine which those responsible
for the suicidal   policy had succeeded
In  building    up.    "Treason  to the
working class"  became the crime of
which   they   whei   dared   to  question
the infallibility    of    the gang were
guilty.      Good    men and  true,  but
who did not possess enough bull-dog
tenacity to hang on and  fight this
gang, deserted the party by tbe dozens.    Between the desertions and expulsions Its membership has   become
so depleted that long since tbe gang
in control ceased publishing anything
In the way of financial reports thst
would tend to    disclose it.   It has
dwindled down to an Insufferable and
insignificant handful of fanatical Imbeciles possessed     of the characteristics peculiar to a dog in hia extreme old age, viz., of snarling and
snapping  at everything  and  everybody that comes near.
Thc pretense made by this remaining handful that the Socialist tabor
Party is still in existence, and of
proportions worthy of consideration
by any sane person, ia the veriest
farce. Wherever any remnants of it
may be found they will lie discovered as entitled to recognition only
as nuisances that might lie abated
without serious loss to civilization
and Its further progress.
The Miners' Magazine is to be commended for taking advantago of the
opportunity to call down the Impudence of this bunch. This call down
ahould tie followed by a warning to
the Western Federation of Minora,
and all memliers    of tho Industrial
Unfortunately at this time Provincial Secretary McKenzle ia detained
by bualness of hia own in Victoria.
His deputy, however, Comrade Dales,
is giving hi" beat attention to the
duties, and hereby requests all Local
aecrotorios to take promptly, such
action aa ia necessary* in the circumstances and do their beat to
make the convention-a success, thnt
la,  of solid  service to  the working
class.
Members are requested to read the
pro visions of the Constitution governing Convention, and are reminded
that one delegate may carry all the
proxies for his own Local, but no
other. This plan works towards
economy when necessary, but It la
hoped that a numerous representation will foregather on Saturday,
October 0th.
 o-	
IM. hah. P.O. Box. 983.
8M Hastings at. . . Vaaeouvw,«, 0,
Soeialist Directory
of Ca—da
of th- HoeUIln
■houbi rua a etri
^^^^^^^^       11.00 p« taoiit-
1—•amWma pleaeo mu.
IMtMb OotaaaMa Provlix-tai Kiee-utltej
Committee, toetellai Purty of c»|.
ada. Masts every alternate t ■*
day. D. G. McKcnzie, Secrturj
Boa %*&, Vancouver, 1)  C.
n_ffl_!_A_ f____H_T Jf
cumin mmm
—From Capital, by Karl Mara.
What  does the premature accumulation of capital, I. e., Its historical
genesis, resolve itsell Into?  ln so far
aa it ia not  immediate transformation of slaves and eerie into wage-
laborers, and therefore a mere change
of form, it only meana lhe expropriation of the Immediate producers.
i. e., the dissolution of private property  based on the lsbor of Its owner.
Private  property,  as  the antlibc*ie
to social, collective property, exists
where the menns ol labor and the external conditions of labor belong to
private   individuals.     But   according
as these private individuals are laborers,      or     not     laborers.     private      property      has      s      different     character.       The     tiu_i!~rk***e
shades,  that    it  at first  sight presents,  correspond  to  the   Intermediate stages lying between these two
extremes.    The  private  property  of
the laborer    in    his    means of  pro-
duction   is   the  foundation  ol   |**tty
induslry,  whether agricultural, manufacturing, or both: petty industry,
again, is an essential condition fur
the development ol social production
and of the free individuality of the
laborer himself.     Of     course     this
petty mode of production exists also
under  slavery,     serfdom,   and  other
states   of   dependence.    But  it   flourishes, it lets loose its whole energy,
It   attains   its   classical   form,   only
where tbe    laborer    is  the private
owner ol his own means of lsbor set
in action  by    himself:  the peasant
of the land hc cultivates, the artisan
ol tho tool which he handles aa a
virtuoso.     This mode of production
prc-_up,ioite*a    the   parcelling of  the
soil,  and     scattering    of the  other
m*-_ns of production.    As it excludes
thc   concentration   of   these   means
of production,    so also  it exclude**
co-operation, division of labor within each  separate  proceas ol  production, the control over, and the    productive application of ths forces ul
nature by  society,  and the tree development  of  the  social   productive
powers.   11 is compatible only with
a system  of  production,  and a society,  moving  within  narrow     and
more or less primitive bounds.    To
perpetuate  it  would  be,  ss Picquer
rightly  soys,   "to    decree universal
mediocrity."    At a certain stage of
development it brings forth the material  agencies for its own dissolu
tion.   From that moment new forces
and  new passions spring up In the
bosom of society; bul the old social
organization fetters them and keeps
them down.   It must be annihilated;
it  is  annihilated.    Its  annihilation*
the transf .rmation   of   the individualized and scattered mesne of production  into    socially  concentrated
ones, of the pigmy property of ths
many Into the huge property of the
few, the expropriation ot the great
mass of tbe    people from the soil,
from the means of subsistence,   and
from the meana of labor, this fearful and painful expropriation of the
mass of the people forms the prelude
to the history of capital.   It comprises s series  of forcible methods,
of which  we have passed  in review
only those    that have been epoch-
making as methods of the primitive
accumulation     of  capital.    The expropriation of the immediate producers was accomplished with merciless
Vandalism,  snd  under the stimulus
of passions the most infamous, tho
most sordid,  the pettiest, the most
meanly  odious.    Self-earned private
property, that Is based, ao to say,
on tho fusing together of the isolated
independent laboring Individual with
the conditions of hia labor, ia supplanted by capitalistic private property, which rests on exploitation of
tho nominally  free  labor of others,
i. 0., on wages—labor.
As soon aa thia process of transformation has sufficiently decomposed the old society from top to bottom, as soon aa the laborers aro
turned Into proletarians, their meana
of labor Into capital, aa soon ss the
capitallat mode of production stands
on its own feet, then the further socialisation of labor and further transformation of the land and other
means of production Into socially
exploited and,    therefore,    common
      Oonunlllfir, He.
Party Of    Canada     Met,
alternate Tuesday j q,
Morgan. 8sereUry, f>6i H*tn*.rt
Street. Vancouver. B. C
l-wal Vi
over, No. I, 8. I*. of its-
Mrtncn*- maoiing* •,«•••
Monday evening at *.--i 1 i-nn-™.
Ingleside Block. Ill Cam tile sir**,
(room 1. second floon Kiuc*.
Mortal meetings every Sunday it l
p. B_. In Sullivan Hall, -'melon
fiederki Parry, Be*<:r«MT.
W, Vaacoaver. a C.
m. P. of C.—Mui. m>
ond and fourth Tuesday* KociiIW
Heedquaiters, US'* Que*»n Htre-s
Wast. F. Dale, 8*cr< t_r> * 1 H'nr,
RtrseC is wish Branch mi-*!* mrj
Sunday night, name hall
Local Wlnaipag. 8. P. of C. mem
every irat and third Sumhv in :.*><
Voice office bailding, 21 \ Kuptn
sve, at 10:10 a. m. J Coxa*,
Secretary, tio Prince-?*. Street,
Winnipeg, Man.
mxl
•h»
inoans uf pit-duct ion, as w-ll «» d-
further expropriation of pn.ai« |.ru-
prietors, lakes a nt*** lorm fhsl
which Is now tei lev expropriate*!] •»
no   longer   the   laborer   .1. •.■,•■*• for
tittllM-lf,    belt    the'    capital.   '    • i)'l<al-
ing many laborers. This i-vpntpris-
tion is accomplished by <><■ sctus
of the immanent laws of i'.t|>ti«lisuc
production itself, by the- ..niraim-
lion of capital. One capitalist always kills many. llund in hut
with this centralisation, or ihis rs-
prupriatton of many capitalists i>f
few, develop, on an ever 1 it«edit|
scale, tbe co-e*p-»i*atlvo *tovv.r "I i*»
labor-procem, the comm-Ioux i.*thiu***J
Application of science, lb* n-ihisir
cal cultivation of tbe soil, the irsos-
fortnalion of ibe inatrumenin ••' *■
bur Into Instruments of >«! ' •■*■■
usable in common the econoniisisl
of all meana of production by timr
use as the means of produrtion "■
combined, socialised labor, ibe •*
tang foment of all peoples in the **•*•
of tho world market, and with tl"*
the International charncM <<f <•»"
capilalist ic regime. Alum* •*'*<■ "*
constantly diminishing muni»r ■■-''-•
magnates of capital, who umiri
monopolise all advnntu--' '
process of transforms tion, !■->•">»
mass of misery, oppression »i«v»*7j
degradation, exploitation, lad •'**
this too, grows the revolt l »»
working class, a class «!»«>• *
creasing in numbers, and di_i|*li*""**
united, organised by the v.-i """-•''
anism of ths process of cupitslw
production itself. Thc m"' i >l-
capita! hec <ines a fetter upon
Mode ol production, tbbl
sprung up and flourished ol"i>K
it, and under it. Centrnli-
the means of production uml
astion of labor at laat roach a i«
where they become lncomi*l
with their capitalist Integ
This Integument is burst amir
Tho knell of capitalist private i-'-r'
erty sounds. Tho •juproprlntcir*' »■»
expropriated.
Tho capitalist mode of apprapj*
tion, the mrult of the c«pn«*wi
mods of productian. produces est*
talist private property. This In u*
flrat negation of individual w>'»":
property, as founded on the In bur'"
the proprietor. But capitalist wo*
duction begets, with the Im-xorsW**
Ity of a law of Nature, its "«" «**
gation. It is the negation nl •■■"**»
tion. This does not re^tabm
private property for the pn'il*"'*'';
but gives him Individual 'pi'"l«*^
based on tho acquialtion* of the ear
'talist era: I. e., on co-oporati'-n *™
the possession in common of tne "*
and of ths meana 01 productu"'-     .
The    tranaformatlon    of **,"t,,r
private property, arising ft"" "
vldual lnbor, Into capltnlisl  prl»»"
property is, naturally, a protvts,*
comparably moro protracted, vioi
and difficult,    than the •■ran"'"J!v
tion of capitalistic private prelier.
already practically resting on s<>'
Ized production, into socialized rt '
d
thf
hii»
ritl
11110 1*1
ludsH*
mi
I'U
iniient-
id*.
erty.   In the former case       h0
expropriation    of    the nmw' <*'
people by
in I
ho I"1'
ter, ma)
tow usur-NTH
people,
a fow usurpers; .. u
nvo the exprnpriaH""; (|)(r
by    tho mo km batp*-*^ *im> jL 1M1
m*Sr*mm!t,
25_5-____
*"T """"^ *—80twniA-
_■_•*__■_
«o©oo*oao»oaaaaae*H»t{H»aaaaaaaa#aa«
§ PARTY MATTERS |
|       AND ANNOUNCEMENTS f
§ae«tMH>aaeaoaoaaeao«e»«09s*oooos
These columns havo been placed at
the disposal of <,he Party. Secretaries
of Locals are requested to take .advantage of them in. at intervals, reporting conditions In their respective
Idealities. Communications under this
head should be addressed to the Dominion or Provincial Secretaries Local secretaries are further rcqucs.od to
look to these columns tor announcements front the Executive Committees.
Hy this means the business of the
Party will be facilitated and tho Dominion and Provincial secretaries
relieved of a little of tbe increasing
burden of correspondence.
PUOVINCIAL     KXKCUTIVE   COM-
In thia Party news of the past Week
are many Interesting items; among
tbem the application for a local
charter from Michel, B. C, signed by.
twenty-one good men and true, most
of whom are citizens. From Fernie,
B. C, Secretary Moore reports an
increase of five in the Local for the
month of August. Members in good
standing, 32. If, as secerns likely,
Nelson- be chosen for this year's convention, the "men of the mine" will
be strongly represented, and as we
hope and believe with the best ie
suits to the Party.
60
60
50
TO STUDENTS OF SOCIALISM.
In order to afford comrades an
easy access to standard works on
Socialism, ths committee has decided
to lay in a stock of literature. The
following are on hand and will be
sent post-paid to any address at
prices quoted. Two-cent stamps
will bc accepted (or sums not exceeding as cents:
Ths Origin of ths Family. (F.
Engels)  mm—
Ths    Social   Revolution (Karl
Kautsky) „	
The World's Revolutions (Ernest -ntermann) 	
The Socialists,    who   tbey are
and  what    they    stand for,
(John Spargo)  f .50
The Evolution of Man (Bolsche)    .60
Modern     Socialism    (Chas. H.
Vail)   35
Class    Strug_les    in    America
(A. M. Simons)     .10
The   Communist    Manifesto,
Karl   Marx io cents
Socialism,  Utopian  and  Scientific,  Marx tt  Kneels..  io cents
Wage,   tabor   and   Capital,
Karl  Marx    5 cents
The Mission of, the Working Cla.-s
Chsa.  Vail    „ „       .06
Srcialism and Farmers, A. M.
Simons 5 <-«"ts
Other works prexurcd to order.
Address the Literature Agent. Box
830, Vancouver, II. C.
 ._... —..— ........... ^... ^./..l.U..^.
I lilies ucted as secretary during the
temporary absence of Comrade McKenzle,  now in Victoria.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved after correction was
made re cash received from Local
Pernio. Communications were received from Nelson, Fernie, Boundary Fulls, Michel, Revelstoke, Nanaimo,   | _ielv Kiiiitli  and   llrackendule.
Application for charter frimi Michel signed by 24 applicants, mostly
citizens, wns considered and granted.
Hit Hots for place of convention to
be held October flth were counted,
resulting as follows:
Nelson  68
Vancouver 18
ItevelKtoke      1
Acting secretary whs instructed to
advise local secretaries of result and
n-epieM them to elect necessary delegates,  Ac.
CASH RECEIPTS.
Revelstoke $4.00
C.   B.   Robilee     1.60
llotind'trv   Falls     a.00
Vancouver Local     7.00
Michel    .c 10.00
'1X1 SECRETARIES OF LOCALS
IJST OF SUPPLIES.
Constitutions,    per dozen  f .35
Membership cards; each  01
Application blanks    (with platform) per 100 36
Total   	
Adjournment.
..$25.50
GEO.   BALES,
Secretary   pro  tern,
-o-
ORAND THEATRE.
VANCOUVER LOCAL, NO. 1
BUSINESS MEETING SEPT. 24.
Comrade Ronald in the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
anil  upproved.
Warrants drawn  as fallows:
Advt.     Siiii-rfcon's     meeting...$10.25
Expenses   Comrade   Simpson... 18.25
Kent   of   Orand   Thnjatre  15.00
Literary   agent        6.20
Cleaning Headtpjarters 50
Total    $51.20
Communication from Phoenix re
Walter Thomas Mills' meeting. Secretary instructed as to reply.
Organi iter reported dote of Walter
Thomas Mills' meeting hud been fixed for Octolier 10th. It was decided
that City Hall should tie secured for
the occasion with nn admission fee of
10 cents. Reserved seats 25 cents.
All comrades were requested to push
the advance  sale  of tickets.
M. Macl.e_n was admitted to mem-
_i^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_f. i.v,„i,i  jhership.
The committee being a .t-xkhoia-              FINANCIAL REPORT.
rr  in    the    co-operative    publishingjC.on,TtjnII Sunday, Sept. 23.$2350
house Of Chas. Kerr * Co, can pro-   , lu.ru,uro m]oH u,r vc^.     g._Q
     >•- .    *--   .!.»   l.-nU   si   COSt.l.. ,   nr
I_mt Sunday night's meeting at
the Orand Theatre* was one of thc
most interesting and perhaps most
useful propaganda meetings held for
some time past.
The ui>eakcrs were Comrades James
Simpson of Toronto and E. T.
Kingsley ln the order named.
Comrade Simpson first related
something of his experience as a
member of the Board of Education
in Toronto, where ln spite of being
alone iu his endeavors, a party of
one, he had succeeded ln wringing
from his commercial minded colleagues, some concessions in wages
and conditions for sundry of tbe
Board's employees, making the point
that a Socialist, though alone in
any governing body, by boldly presenting the claims of the wage-class,
will not fail to Impress bis opponents and secure more for his constituents than a non-socialist.
Tbe speaker touched only briefly
on the subject of the Congress in
Victoria from which he was a returning delegate, retaining his former rank of vice-president. He repudiated the idea that the Socialist
delegates had planned or hoped to
capture the Congress, and commend-
ably remarked that Socialism would
gain nothing by snap votes, it could
not be voted Into the workers by
any convention or federal assembly.
As a pressman Comrade Simpson
outlined the attitude of the capitalist press, daily and other, on its
political side it stood squarely for
thc interests of capital, and the
working class snd Socialists must always count on its antagonism, open
•or covert. The speaker concluded
with some remarks on the human
and social side of the question and
on allusion to tbe spread ot the
movement in Europe and elsewhere.
On taking his seat Comrade Simpson   was  heartily  cheered,
Comrade Kingsley followed in one
of his characteristic talks, snd hc
has seldom uppcared in better fight*
ing trim than on this occasion,
clinching the generalities, of Comrade
Simpson with some economic analysis In a very effective way.
The house was well filled. Comrade
Arnason occupied the chair.
to dteplbcd ami oppi*sted. proletariat is *_t.trtim*d, he* believes,-in the
future, to rule instead of being ruled.
Will Society, he asks, Ut bettered by
the change of masters*/ "To regard
this struggle of the classes as one of
revenge, of exploited mosses ready
to overturn the social structure that
tbey may become exploiters instead
of exploited, is to misread the whole
movement. The political antli -economic conquests of ..-''ciely by the
working class nicuns tbe end of class
divisions, once and forevtsr. A Social Democracy, a society in.which
ail the means of the common life are
ow_r_ and controlled by tho people
in common, Democratically organized, precludes tbe existence of class
divisions in our present day economic and political sense. Profit
through human exploitation alone
has made class divisions possible',
and the Socialist regime will abolish
profit, 'lite working class in emancipating itself, at the same timo
makes liberty possible for the whole
race of man." Mr. Spargo has produced a very thoughtful bo-ok, but I
fancy he rather undcr-estiinates tbe
forces that arc against him.—Reynolds' Newspaper.
60  YEAItr
EXPERIENCE
Tradc Marks
Dcetaae
-m^^^^^mm.    Oot*t*amn* he-
A nymm ssndlng a «S1e_ md dsssnpttoci mm
e,«leklr amrtain oar opinion tree -hechee sn
Istsntloa tspt*nbsblrptJ«nt»bl»   C.rmS-onlr*-
_. r_.   .■-—> jjj pgUuJ,
•Unu.
  . rsetfTS
is trim MW, wil eraen. busts*. —> nmm
Scientific America*.
k handsome** lltsstTslee! westtlr. I-twnt dr.
atlaUon of any sctsnUde toaraaL Term.. *S *
tsar: loot Booths, |L Sold brail naosdcalens.
6es$eeeeoseseeeoes&«e$«oe&eeeea
|       AGENTS WANTED
|   YOU CAN MAKE A LIVING AND HELP THE CAUSE
| BY SELLING
f THE JUNGLE
9    mmmkmmmmm
9 Some who started early are now selling ten
5 copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
9 a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and  wholesale
fA prices.   The book is now ready for delivery.
|       THC JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO.,
3 BOX 2064 NEW YORK.
ATE NTS
■ DM—it—I of Manufacturers,
WC tfniTT*    _BV   Umilioe  «,,    .Maul—a...ua..ia,
Rns-ioee-rs and others who realise the advisability ot bavins; their Patent business transacted
by Kx*xr_. Preliminary ad vice free, Charges
-Moderate. Oar fBv«at*r*s Adviser sent titoa
ropiest Marios A Marion. ?Tew York I.ife Dug.
Montreal: cud Y/*u„in_lott, _>.<_, U.&A.
||< fur,*;   vi   v.,,.,...    ■»,..    „
cure literature for the locals at cost.
Campaign (und receipt hooks    are
now ready and will bc furnished   to
local's at io cents each.
IsOMWiON ORGANIZING  FUND.
Thc following minis have t>ee_   i*e-
• cived to date:
itnltuic. on tiRnd »*■••■""
It. Wade.  Port Harvey    *•*-"*"
llue-H
Teit a I
Report
jeiuriic-cl.
125
 $80.95
received   anil   nutating   ad-
FREDERIC   PERRY.
Secretary.
THE PIWICIilESOFSOCUlllSM
WASHINGTON.
Total WM
Forward all contribution* to
DOMINION   SECRETARY
-••*.'. *,.*".» - «-«*.*•''•    ■'•*♦•.,. ..ttttjAVrfw'k
PROVINCIAL    O&OAKIZ-H*--*    **V
PUND.
The following amounts received up
•Previously    acknowledged   ,.£1164)0
<fM,  J.  Curry         * *-°
-      CAMPAION PUND.
lt hat been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a MWlJIg
to bc used in generally assisting tn ithe
coming campaign and more rtrtf
for the purpose of printing and distributing campaign literature.
All comrades wishing to collect
for this fund should at once apply
to the provincial secretary for a receipt book. No effort should bc
•pared in building up this fund.
The following amounts received up
to date:
Previously acknowledged *     JX
J. P  1 oo
Two Clarion auhe   _x*w"
Total 	
Forward all contribution* to
PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
TACOMA. Wash.. Sept., 24.—The
State Executive Committee of the
Socialist Party ot Washington held
a M-saion yesterday at State Heael-
oiiarters  anil  transacted  rmiih  bust*
members-al-large were acted on favorably.
The tli'imiiiei for s|icakers continues,
nnd thu • nmmit te*e is seeking to meet
all such demands. W. 1. Fisher will
till dates on the Columbia River,
l'-nil Herman is coming across the
Stuto from Spokane, J. II. Bark ley
will fill a number of dates, E. C.
Johnson will (jei to the Islands, and
other speakers will fill dates aa opportunity offers.
I'he ruling class in Seattle have
grown elesperate, judging by their
lust art of folly. On Saturday night
lust, the police of Seattle, acting,
presunittlily. on orders from the
little profit hunters, arrested T. C.
Wiswell, .1. A. McCorklo, Vincent
llurprr. II. F. Titus and three or
four others whose names we have
not   learned.
It has lieen suggested that the So-
< im list s|M*akers of the State congregate in Seattle on an agreed date,
s|K'itk until arrested and then go to
juil. refusing to put up bonde or to
pny fines.
There is one satisfaction In going
to jail: We aro not forced Into intimate association with .those
saintly fellows who rob ua.
D. NCR-ESS.
80CIALI8T   PARTY   CAMPAIGN
PUND
Vancouver Local.
Previously acknowledged 134.00
J. Matthews     1 00
J.   Hlnco     .
'''_.'■'.  185*1
Total 	
Prederick Perry, Secretary.
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE  COM-
HITTI'JE.
imZTrnumm- kik«i~.»- "*'
secretary. . ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
K'ri.cSg'ir^oi-  waa  prosperity on which wo all ***£
"Windy" Randolph Hearst addressed a "vast throng of workers" at
Syracuse, Now York, on "Labor
Day." His address has been termed
an "oration" by his own papers. It
wus mado up by a long string of
"1 believes." It is not known who
wrote it. Among the long string of
"I believe-" the following is perhaps, thc most pithy:
"I believe tho tariff should be modified and public ownership inaugurated, but that both should be done
en ut imisly nnd conservatively, with
due regard to the stability of business   nnd   the     perpetuation   of the
Local,     enclosing
dealt with
From  Toronto
'"^rsi'im ttfjgss*
'VLfntt*3-&&~
V. S. A...enclosing reports.
TlECI'-IPTR
•Toronto  Loral,   supplies W-i-AQ
Adjournment.
In other words so as not to threa
ten thc stability of the wage systWn.,
Hearst's "I believe*"" are purely
...n«ke-bell.-vt.s." It speaks volumes
for the Ignorance of the "working
plugs" thnt they can listen to the
5? poured out by such political
pimples without gagging.
(Continued from Page One.)
THE MARXIAN THEORY.
It  was Karl  Marx who discovered
thi- law of historical development a_
applied to economics, and because he
used  the  term  "historical  materialism" he has lieen greatly misunderstood.    Marx's  materialistic conception of history did not Involve fatalism.   Marx, in contending that the
production ot the necessities of life
has always been the  Impelling force
in human evolution, did not ignore
the? tef*«iae_ •?**. i':".*n*»« emotions cud
ideas,   ut for the '$*»*«_* **t->/**r**v»
-Csty**-*-    *-•** Wve^.»_*a*.xi*^8liSt|P®
and   genius  by   which   i*v  currqto it'
out,  America might have   remained
terra incognita to Europeans to this
day.    Rut it  was purely an economic force which prompted Columbus.
After tho conquests by the Turks in
Eastern  Europe,  and  the Moors in
Africa and  Spain,  they  levied   such
heavy tolls    upon     the produce   of
traders along thc Asiatic routes, and
at  the great ports  oi*  Licia in the
I„vant, Trebicond in the Black Sea,
and  Alexandria,  that  it became an
economic    necessity  to  discover,   if
possible.', a new route to India, and
it was with that object that Columbus sailed to America.    He believed
that he was sailing to India. Nearly
all thc great wars which have made
a tragedy    of    human history have
lieen   waged     for  economic  reasons,
and Socialists contend that with the
establishment   of  jus'   economic conditions,  wars  will  come to an end.
The  Socialist    party    is  the Peace
party all the world  over.
THE FUTURE.
Mr. Spargo Is not alarmed at tho
rapid  growth    of Socialism.    It  is
making tremendous headway in the
United  States,  and  the time seems
not to be v-y  far distant when a
Socialist    will     lie    a tenant of the
White House at Washington.   American capitalism is "digging its own
grave,"  to    use    an  expression  of
Marx.   After the Taff Vale judgment
the American capitalists decided to
follow tho example set hy tho English Railway Company.   Mr. Spargo
tells us that a suit was instituted
against momlters of a Lodge of the
Machinists'  Union in  Rutland,  Vermont, and the defendants were  ordered to pay 500 dollars.     A writ
served upon every other man in thc
Lodge, and the property of every one
of thorn attached.    Since that time
numerous other decisions  of a  like
nature have lieen given in the various parts ot the country.    Thus tho
Unions have been assailed in a vital
place—their treasuries.    It is manifestly quite useless for the members
of a Union to strike against an employer for any purpose whatever, if
the employer is to be able to recover
damages from the union.   Taff Valo
Judge-made   law    renders unionism
horn de combat at a stroke.   Hence,
like the British Trade Unionists, the
American workers are organising on
a political    basis,  nnd Mr.  Spargo
looks forward  with  complacency to
their ultimate triumph.   The hither-
For the
Campaign
Fund.
Having been authorized by
the publ staert ef the Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate -fl. 00 per year
art apply one hall ol all money
received to tbe Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Cither renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
TO "CLARION" READERS.
Msny complaints are reaching this
offlce from subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paner with which
hl«t subscription expires are kept continually In type and the mailing list
printed thermrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity in the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of tbe Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to J
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the rea- '
son for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition in the future.
SETTING MACHINE.
tOUER BEAimO.
HICHOB-M.
'11k* puhlkatloii of pfM-iodi«ils uf
every clc**.-riplicui is a specially with
The "Clarion." Telephone or write
for estimates. Eiery faeUllty for gticii
work, and promptness and satisfaction
guaranteed.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
I
Money
by birring thb
reliable, honest,
high grade tewing machine.
STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
National Sewing Machine Go,
SAN FRANCISCO.  CAL.
FACTORY AT BELVlDEaa ILL.
a ravivKi jsi mississi «_.
Five Clarion SUb. Cards—$3.75.   Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
!
period of not ins than one year
-.Jom for a leneroes Can-j
x^^m:mm,wt*^t^^
vigorous campaign: W
0. G. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
WKtltlri
COMMERCIAL
PRINTING
P4*
i
Victoria   Advertisers
PATRONIZE THEM-AND
TELL THEM WHY.
TELBPHONE 849
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G. A. OKELL, Manager
Bread aud Cakes delivered to auy
partoPhe City.    You can always
depend upon our bread.     Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B.C
■ I'
De you Know ws sell from 10 to 25
cants cheaper then our competltors
TRY
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find I mo rHin s^^^ft$^^@^^^@^@@^^@@^^@0@^@
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f HAVANA
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eve**"-
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IF YOU WANT TO KNOW
what the Party la doing on the Pacific
Coast of the United States,
HEAD THB
"SOCIALIST VOICE"
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party anil By the
Socialist Party."
Ten weeks, ten cents; one year, 50 nts.
I SEND FOR SAMPLE COPY
United Hatters of North America
When you are buyint- a Ft'll HAT aee to li
that the Genuine Union Isabel is sewed In It. Il
a retailer has loo.-ie labels in tils possession am
offers to put one In a hat for ynu. do not patronise
him. Loose labels in retail stores ure counterfeits
The genuine Union Label ls perforated on foui
edges:, exactly the same as tt postage stamp. Coun
terfelts are some times perforated on three edges
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.
of Philadelphia, is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOI'FITT, President, Orange, VI. J.
MARTIN LAW I/OK, Secretary, 11 Waveriy Place
-  '       New York. ^H 'I
Wtft
ft*
i
1 NEWS AND
31
I
9
t	
|   AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   %
9        Bdl.ed by B, P. XnLTnrimyOhX to whom all con*«.r*ondenc* for thle department should be acklreaeed.        *
9 .,______AAA_i'.'AA^_i-i*AA«i.'*iib.''t*^*^_a^
PAYING THE PRICE OF LIBERTY
"Long live the social revolution
for land and liberty." These-were the
last words of Zenaido Konoplainik-
oxo, the girl who assassinated General Min and .who was sentenced to
death. They were uttored as the rope
was placed around her neck. She refused to see a priest prior to her execution. She mounted the scaffold
with firm steps and would not be
aided. On a photograph sent to her
sister she wrote the words: **My life
waa all I had to give."
 o	
A  GOOD  SHOWING.
Seventy-five delegates to the twenty-second annual convention of the
Dominion Trades and Labor Congress, held in Victoria last week, responded to roll-call on Friday afternoon last, there being also eleven
absent, or 80 delegates in all.
 o
BARBERS'  UNION  OFFICERS.
The following are the local officers
of the Journeymen Barbers' International Union of America: A. E.
Thurston, secretary; J. Bruce, president; C. O. Bentley, vice-president;
C. F. Underwood, rec.-secrctary;
Thos. Munroo, treasurer. Meetings
are held every first and third Wednesday at 8.30 o'clock in Labor
Hall, Homer street,
o
SCARCITY—AT THE PRICE.
The capitalist papers continue to
announce the scarcity of labor in
San Francisco and recount the advantages to be gained by workers
going to that city.
The Socialist Voice. Under the
heading, "Calling up the Reserves,"
has the following to say on this
subject:
"The only scarcity of labor in
San Francisco and Oakland' today
is in those lines where the wages are
insufficient to allow the men any
surplus after tbey pay the present
high prices for the necessities of life.
At tho present time the cost of living in Sah Francisco is practically
double what it waa before the fire,
while at thc same time there has
been no raise in wages except in one
or two favored lines of employment,
such as plumbing. As a matter of
fact, the real exploitation of labor
in San Drancisco today is greater
than ever before. This fact in turn
give* rise to discontentment among
the workers; discontentment leads to
strikes; and the threat of strikes
emphasizes to tbe capitalists the necessity of importing into San Francisco la it i' s >.i labor as the surplus army of the slaves of capital.
It' is true that there is a condition
of great activity on production in
the State of California, but it is also
true that thc State is being over run
with men looking for a master.
There never waa a ttimc when the
masters were ln stronger control of
thc situation for their own immediate benefit than they are today."
— o	
PRINTERS' ASSESSMENT.
The officers of the International
Typographical Union have sent out
a circular, containing, among other
thing's, the following information, of
interest to typos who have been paying a 10 per cent, levy since January 1st: "Beginning with the week
of October 1,    and thereafter until
dustrial organization is of little con-
seeruenc-e, compared to the overthrow
of capitalist rule and the possession
of the eurth's collectively used resources by those who do the work.
 o	
WILL FOLLOW B   CVS EXAMPLE.
Workers of     Atlantic    Coast  Shake
Hands With Their Pacific Coast
Comrades.
"I rejoice that Socialism is doing
so well in British Columbia and Ontario. We have no increase to report
in membership this month but are
working along the same old lines,
vis., Talking Socialism wherever an
opportunity occurs; distributing Socialist literature, getting a subscriber for a -Socialist paper—preferably the "Western Clarion," whenever we can; and paying our dues
regularly to national headquarters,
where, for 'the present at least,
the money can be used to
tho best advantage inpropagat-
ing our party's principles. The
leaven of Socialism is working everywhere in these Maritime provinces,
and all that is needed to boom our
movement down here is the encouragement which will lie liroughy by a
large increase in the British Columbia Socialist vote at the next election and by the establishment in Ontario of a* Provincial Organization.
I an, yours fraternally,
HENRY HARVEY STUART.
 o ■
FREE TEXT BOOKS.
The Vancouver Typo. Union's delegation, consisting of Harry Cowan,
chairman; W. J. McKay and S. J.
Gothard, to thc Trades and Labor
Congress last week in Victoria, were
well repaid for their efforts in behalf
of free text books for British Columbia. The exhaustive report submitted by the Provincial Allied
Printing Trades Council made it an
easy matter for presentation by the
deputation The fact that the proposal received the unanimous support of the Congress, and that the
Socialist representatives are already
pledged to a polic- of free education,
at any cost to the Government,
augurs well for the introduction of
the measure during the coming session of the provincial house.
o
NOW   UP  TO   THE   ELECTORS.
Utmkit tort, h I,*
HI      "I'    ■ \U Ma
The editor of the Labor column in
the Victoria (Sunday) Colonist,
says: "One of the most important
matters that has come before the
Congress, and one that is of most
importance to the workers of British
Columbia, is the school book question. This was unanimously endors-
by the Congress anel it is now up to
tlie different units of the organized
labor element to make good."
— o
SEE THEIR  FINISH.
further  notice,   the  assessment  will
be Seven Per Cent,  of All Moneys. "•  Joseph   Martin's   satellites may
Earned. Further reduction will be
made as the situation warrants. It
is the intention of tbe Executive
Council to maintain a balance in the
International treasury of not less
than $100,000, as in the opinion of
the Council, this amount ia neces-
sar- to safeguard the general situation."
 _■__.o
IOF.  WALTER THOMAS  MILLS
"Will Re-Visit and Address Vancouver
Workingmen on Wednesday Evening, -October 10th—One of the
Orators of the'American Continent.
Walter Thomas Mills, who speaks
in Vancouver for the second time,
on Wednesday evening, October 10th,
is too well known to need any introduction in British Columbia. During the fall campaign across the
49th parallel he will speak in Ohio
once; Illinois eight times; Iowa three
times; Nebraska twice; Colorado
eleven times; Kansas three times;
Missouri twice and Wisconsin six
times.
The Local Vancouver program committee has decided to charge a general admission fee of 10 cents and 26
cents for reserved seats; the net results to go to the campaign fund.
•     o .
THE  CORRECT  STAND.
If ever there was an emphasis of
the soundness of the position taken
by the Socialist Party of Canada
With regard to keeping out of the
labor market disturbances, it was
evidenced at the tabor Congress in
Victoria last week. The Socialist
Party in Canada is a purely political organization, leaving it to Individual members to choose the best
means of disposing of their labor-
power. To a man out of a job, bucking an over-stiocke*d labor market,
hungry and smarting under the lash
Ot wage-servitude, the question of
blue labels, red labels, craft or  In-
At a recent Liberal love-feast in
Victoria C. H. Lugrin and Ralph
Smith urged that immediate steps
should be taken by the Liberal Party
of Canada to arrest the drifting
away from the party of an important factor of it toward Socialism,
and also the formation of an independent labor [tarty.
Liberal Party "Labor" decoys and
Bob. Kelly "machine tenders" will
now be in order.
''"Four dollars a day" is said to be
the "union" scale for such treachery
in Vancouver.    But the competition
force the price up.
CLASS CONSCIOUS VAN CLEAVE
President Van Cleave, of the Citizens' Industrial Alliance is considerably agitated about the prospects
of the working class voting for
others than the representatives of
capitalism. Speaking to his fellow-
members of the association, he says
"Let me take this opportunity of
impressing on every one, 'the duty
of the hour,' so to speak. I refer to
to your vote at the coining election.
It Ui a duty as I have said, and I
am proud and glad to know that you
my friends of the Citizens' Industrial
Alliance, will so regard it, but do
not, I beg of you, be thrown off
your guard ny the iieople or publications that will pretend to minimize the importance of labor in politics.
"This is a personal appeal. 7 _;;-
peal to you as mv personal friends
quite as much aa I do as your chosen presiding officer. Don't fail to
vote. At whatever cost of inclination, consider it a sacred duty to
record your vote whether it be Republican or Democratic, against
those enemies of law and order, who
whatever party name they adopt,
seek to undermine the foundations of
justice in the interest of Socialism
or anarchy.
You can influence others, your
friends and neighbors, your employees. Make it your business to see
them and talk of the importance of
this coming election, and how necessary it Is that there should be the
greatest massing of friends of law
and order ever known."
o	
REJECTED?   OF COURSE.
The following rommunie .tion
speaks for Itself. The*- writer forwarded It to the Nanaimo Free Press
but it was refused puMinitlon.
Though the Free Press is a Conservative sheet,    there is not .dl-urenee
enough between Coiiservativisro and
Liberalism to warrant the publication in its columns of matter containing a too ruthless exposure of
the low-down methods and dirty political tricks Indulged i" by both old
parties with e-enm.1 gusto. While thc
Free Press has little use for the
malodorous Ralph Smith, it has no
taste for a too thorough exposure of
those corrupt practices upon which
Conservatives as well as Liberals
must depend in order to justify the
existence of their respective parties,
and. if possible, get next to the
"pic-counter" as tho political do-
fenders of tho capitalist system of
pillage, rapine and murder. Tho Free
Pi-ess was wise in refusing to publish this communication. By exposing the corrupt practices of the Liberal gang they would lie at the same*
time laying bare the equally corrupt
methods and practices of the Conservative wing- of capitalist political
swindling.
From reading the following it will
be seen that it was written prior to
the holding of the convention of the
Trades and tabor Congress at Victoria last week. The events there
occurring, however, do not in the
least vitiate the contentions of the
writer.      His    conclusions     remain
sound:
•    •    •
Editor Free Proas:
The essential difference between
two newspapers was never more apparent than in the stories made out
af the interviews accorded the representatives of the Free Press and the
Herald, by tho famous whip of the
tabor Party in the Imperial Parliament, I. Ramsay Maedonald, during
the brief visit of that gentleman and
his talented wife, to this city. In
the Free Press we have a readable
article which is a fair resume of
what Mr. Mac Dona Id said. The Her
aid's article displays the usual lack
of ability to make even a presentable tale of the material generously
provided. It is, as well, a perversion
of facts, willful, I believe, and designed to throw discredit, if possible
on the Socialist Party, and at the
same time glorify a certain individual. Recognizing the fact that busk
of brains precludes tho possibility of
producing any original article worth
reading, the editor of the Herald,
resorts to the ever-ready scissors,
that never failing resource of an incapable or lazy editor, and clips otyt
of the Vancouver World what purports to be an interview granted
that ji'ijier by Mr. MacDonald. This
article he doctors up, and prints under great black headings. The evident purpose of thus using the brains
of a better being to divert attention from his own imbecile production, and at the same time further
discredit the Socialist Party in Canada, by twisting the words of a prominent tabor Man into a condemna
tion of Canadian Socialists. No one
but a rabid anti-Socialist or an idiot
like the editor of the Herald, could
read Into Mr. MacDonald's words
any condemnation of the Socialist
Party or any disparagnment of their
efforts to emancipate the workers.
It is true he deplores the antagonism that seems to exist between the
Trade Unionists nnd the Socialists,
a difference, by the way, that is
more apparant than real, but nowhere does Mr. MacDonald blame the
Socialists. It is perfectly true he did
not unreservedly endorse the Socialist Party, its methods and work, but
then, he did not approve of any
other party itv Canada. He very sensibly said he was here to learn, not
to teach or advise, that he was not
well enough posted on our local conditions to dogmatise. But he did
unreservedly and emphatically condemn every tabor leader who advised the workers to any line of poiiticni action save that of electing
their own representatives.
He advised them to form a distinct party, entirely independent of
any and every other party. The dominant note in every interview Mr.
MacDonald has granted is that the
only possible moans by which the
workers can ever hope to succeed, is
by independent political action.
In my interview with him I was
particularly struck by the emphasis
ho placed upon this particular point.
Recurring to it again, and again,
and each timo more emphatically declaring that every movement of the
workers along other lines was doomed to certain and utter failure. He
s«.y
<lro-*_
inl. Parliament. That every one of
these is pledged to the platform of
tho tabor Party and that the principles of that party are the principles of Socialism, the same the world
over.
There are also 20 other tabor men
in the British Parliament, all Trade
Snionlst*. among which is John
urns, and that every one of the 20
is looked upon as a Liberal, not as
a tabor member, and to be opposed
as an enemy w hone ver occasion requires
Before mc is a report of the meeting held in Victoria last Thursday
when Mr. MacDonald further elaborated his views, more clearly defined
his position and-frankly avowed himself a Socialist. Mrs. MacDonaltl
went further and stated what we already know to be a fact, that the
most active, the most, fearless, the
most efficient champions of the workers in ("treat Britain are the Socialists, men or women.
At that same meeting a curious
thing happened. The president of
tho Trades and  tabor  Council ad-
-n»_-i Um* toe-tine awl **■ •«"'» <-*
hia authority thnt there is now no
Labor Party In Dominion politics.
Thot the labor Party had been
swallowed up bodily by the Liberal
lion, and now rested safely inside
it. ThiB gentleman asserts further
that a Labor Party could not be
that a tabor Party and a Liberal Party coiilel not bo combined.
That Labor and Liberalism cannot exist together. It follows that
a tabor Liberal member waB a
freak, a monstrosity.
Reuding this it occurred to mo
that Mr. Gray had vory aptly and
very completely described eiur own
inevitable Ralph Smith, who nils the
bill in every particular. It will lie
remembered that when the greatt
Ralph ran for the Dominion he was
heralded all over as the ono man
fitted to be the saviour of the workers, as the one and only champion
of organized labor who waa destined
to be the great leader of a powerful
Independent tabor Party. You will
all remember with what a frenzy of
enthusiasm we Labor men threw ourselves into the battle, confidently
matching ourselves against the Liberal Party and the Conservatives,
sparing ourselves no labor, deeming
no sacrifice too much, so that we
could carry our banner to victory.
You will remember how impatiently
wu awaited the results of that fateful election; how eagerly we crowded
round tho bulletin boards as the returns came in, and how we yelled
ourselves hoarse when hope became
assurance and we realized that our
new born Independent tabor Party
had won its first victory. Well do
1 remember how we crowded the
rooms, how we danced and cheered:
How we paraded the streets, bands
playing, torches blazing, and low.
the frenzied asses yoked the-nueelves
like mules to our hero's carriage,
and hauled him in triumph home.
Oh, it was an inspiring conflict that;
and pn-suged great things for the
workers of Canada. But alas, for
all our high-born hopes. One short
session dam|icd our ardor, the second showed our idol's feet of clay,
and long before the term expired the
much vaunted Independent Ijilior
Party champion had dlsappearvd
within the capacious maw of the
Liberal lion, to be sjiewed out for
the next elect ion as the emasculated
tabor-Liberal  candidate.
Again there was a hard fight and
he won, but It required all the power of thc Liberal machine, all the
arts of the brilliant array of Liberal
spellbinders. King James the First
lent his powerful aid. Every grafter
in the Liberal party pushed the
THING Hlong. Newspapers were subsidized, preachers lent their influence,
money flowed freely all over tho district. The corrupting influence of
the boss politicians helped, while tho
real owners of the whole outfit
grinned sardonically as they viewed
their dirty work being done so Well.
Even with all this, our schemer was
only saved from ignominous defeat
by the fact that the Socialist party
would ix-rsist in running their own
candidate and that not their strongest man.
And yet this double-dyed traitor to
the cause of tabor, this one man
who has made it impossible for any
tabor Party, as such, to exist ln
Canada, has thc audacity to persist
in professing friendship for tabor.
Hc will go to the forthcoming meeting of the Trades and tabor Congress, though he cannot secure en-
dorsation by a labor union in his own
district, nor probably by any Union
in Canada, there to endeavor in the
slimy ways known to corrupt politicians, to resuscitate the tailor Party
he destroyed, destroyed for ever, for
there is no room In this Canada of
ours for any tabor Party. The
Track's and tabor congress can evolve
while it remains under the control
of the men who now run it as an
appanage of the Liberal  Party.
Independent political action alone
can emancipate thc workers, but
independent action based on the recognition of thc age-old, world-wide,
class struggle which rages now with
ever deepening intensity and which
can never end till the workers obtain
complete control of all the Instruments of wealth production and operate them for the equal benefit of
all. To reach this goal there is already a strong virile and aggressive
party world-wide in its organization and based upon the eternal
principles of truth and Justice. It
must e*ver remain a distinct and separate party.
It may lie hindered and delayed by
a section of the- workers erecting an
opposing organization, but the final
triumph is assured, and thc day is
nol far distant when the co-o|iera-
tive Commonwealth will lie established and overy worker reap tho full
reward of his toll.
This is Socialism. It's coming In
inevitable, it is thc next stop ln the
evolution of the ages. Corrupt politicians may scheme to stay Its progress by any and all sorts of fake
f.*hor   t»ie»*T.i"*«     Thejpowgrtil ^sdvi
OUR
Cascade Beer   8e*|s a„
Queen Beer      Over the
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Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
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AUCTIONEERS, APPRAISERS. REAL ESTATE ANO
COMMISSION A6ENTS.
LARGEST   MART   IN   VANCOUVER
Cor. Abbott <m\ Cordova 8t«. Old Cos. Building.
un autumn session, all ot them, with
the exception of Mr. Maedonald,
attandonod the ielem and decided that
it was te duty they owed to their
constituents and to Ijilmr to attemd
to their Parliamentary elutfoa. m-
*tte„et of going ein u holiday  tour.
Even if his "nrrnngeiiienta" hiul
lieen made, nntl if he wanted a tour
feir the geiexl eif his health, he ha*
nearly three menu tin from the tirruk-
ing up tet the *v-n*eHemhttng of Parliament in which to take a tour
nearer home anel get Imck to the
House in time. He has, h<iwe*ve*r.
sailed uleine tei carry off all the honors, nil the nppliiufie. anel all the re-
reptlems, in tbe ntim-mv eif his ceil-
le*agues.—Reynolds*   N'cw*pa|ter.
A   SHOT  AT  THK  I'ltOFICHHURS.
'•President Chtnnaway." didactically ttegan Vrattwsur Twin*, the
village achexilmaater. in the midst of
a recent session of the Grow Fat
Club.
"President whei?" grouchily ex-
ple.elcd the Old Codger, who was in
eine  of  his   treiuble-accking  moods.
"President C'himuaway of Blank
College," milelly returned thc first
speaker,    "lie  says: "
' -tum-tum-tldely* Tee dum* Tee
dum!" grateet the veteran, in a sarcastic, meinotonnus grind. "Thirty
days hath September, April. June
and November; the rose- is red, the
violet blue, I'm going to move when
my rent is due; the goat is in tha
huminoe-k, the hens are in tho lake,
the twins are in the elder mil, what
difference does it make? Pope Adrian was Htrungtad to death by a
hair in a glass of milk which he
drank; nolioely knows what the little
'a' In the nn im' nf Thomas a Bccket
atooel for, 'drat' Is a elearon's
'damn'; a public office ia a public
funs; lamellibranrhiata Includes clam*
oysters and one variety of Baptists;
ceny.  nies-ny,   ninny,  mi "
"Why, when in the world, squire?"
astoundedly interrupted the schoolmaster. What do you mean by all
that rigmarole? Even if those peculiar statements were true, of whnt
use nre they nt this particular time*,
and what possible bearing can they
have on tho Rubject tintier discussion?"
"Just  as much.
tbe old man, rising stiffly to lux !.-,-t.
"They  are of  just  as  much utility
and timetlneuM as the utterances mi
continually parrot ted off by the , ,,i
lege  president*     of  the land     Also,
they are Juat  aa tii-eaemw*, )unt   u
pithless, and of just as little ut« to
anybody on earth or in Um by k->Ai
water*    under  the  earth,   exeapl   t(,
those     hulging-hreiwed   In,i.s    ih,-i»
Ives.   They get a great ele-eil uf (re*
advertising ami balm for thiir ,«_.
ity by their gabble, which in fun    r
pouring forth like the rater __d tu
come deiwn at  Isidore   in   the   ub]
third Header,  while  if  I shouiii kn
out. on a prominent corner daj after
day and  bubble-  such  flapdoodle I'd
probably   be aenl  to  the a*>li'tn or
the   legislature',   ami nerve me might*
right, too. by glory!   And ihut ■ net)
opinion of the average college i •.-*•>•
elent  ami  all   hi*  work*.    I'm *i,fnf
hetme!"—-Tom   Watson'*  Mag-due'.
1 -■■ o—	
"JIM"  LOSES  HIM .Itill
From the Bulletin iatrueel b* the
national office of the Sejeialint Part)
of tbe United State*, we* le_ru thai
Comrade J. II. Oshorm*. candidate
for Governor erf Georgia, who km
■tenter-red to 30 day* in the •tockaiie
in Atlanta, on Aug _4ih, for apeak
ing on the street, was re'le-uw-ii t.\
the order of the msyeir e>n Sept ■*''■
The court huuae had l****n set ir-ed
for a protest ma** na-ctiii*.- l" tw
held oa Sept. Hth, but the- ianitor
refuaed t<, nprn the door*, nn.l tbt
chief clerk, Henry M We-od, explain-
eel the next day that he had forgot
ten tet give eirdent tn have- I In- ,|..,.i.
o|H'ne*e| Immediately upein thi re
le-eine- of Ceimraele Oaliorne, a request
feir a 'termlt to s|»*eile on the- ■trerti
wa* pmaented to Mayor ./«•• U
wiunite.lent. which be Immediate**)
tore up. and explain* hi* action »«
'•ilows in a local paper
"Certainly I teire up the petition,
lust a* I would have teirn up any
other similar document, when I had
leeoked  It   over     and     made-  up  my
mind.    1  do  not   Intend   lei  let
grimly   returned   Socialists run tiver me."
th«
BURNS & CO.
HARDWARE ind
; Second Hand OeaJer i\
Cook   Stoves   and   Tools   a I
Specialty.
We have a large quantity of
gin** fruit jars for sale. Pints,
60c |tcr do*«n ; quarts, 60c ;
and 9 quarts, 70c.
Stores—137 *od ij8 Cordova
St. E.
A\ I
; Hardware, Junk and Furniture.
-r.1M.S7l
<bM
Vmcmvm, I. IJ :
 mmmJ
then are Wj*anh*^^^^
.ant. ZAhmr.funi, *n fl*X*i»*."^lSisii     workers     may  waste  their     A     AN
WACtt-LABQB
AUD CAPITAL
BT KAMI* MARX.
Single copiea. I eeaU: <*
copiea, tl cents; l| eoples. GO
cent*; 40 copies, It.tO; 100
copies and over, I cents per
copy.
The** rate* Include postaic
to any part of Canada or tif
United Kingdom.
"The Westers Clarion"
SMMMMSMeSMSMM	
may waste their
strength in strikes and futile unions;
but impelled onward by the forces
of industrial evolution the Socialist
Party goes serenly on in its appointed mission, conscious of its strength
and bearing with It to overy land the
ttlad tidings of the new gospel of
salvation for tho burden-bearers of
the world.
A.   WORKER.
C. PETEU8 JSJ-'fiS
Hand-Made Boots and abets lo order la
•II styles.   Repalrini premptl* and neat*
ly done.    Stock  of tuple ready-Mad*
Shoes always on hand.
MMWNMMNrflvt.      MnMPImhM.
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ABBOTT
Firm 01am Bar.
STREET.
Excellent Koom*>
CAFE   OPEN   pAY   AND   NKHH*
ITIom Moderate.
WHERE OTHERS PEAR TO
TREAD.
There is much comment In Labor
circle** about Mr. Ramsay Maedonald, M. p., feir Leicester, setting sail
last week for the Colonies, when he
knows that there is to lie an autumn
session fraught with the utmost im-
portam-o to tho Ijibnr Party. Early
in the year il was intended that Mr.
Koir Hardie, Mr. Shackleton, Mr.
Will CreioK*, Mr. Maedonald, and one
oo two other labor M. P.'s should
visit the Colonies tine) neldre** meet-1
ings, But the moment, thn Government announced thnt there would lie
i wi ■ ii mmm m sii w.» mm mmm
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-
A cheap way of heating an Isolated room, (or any room for that
matter) is by tho Baku* Heater, which uses gaa for fuel.
This Heater ia gotten up in the shape of a grata Are, but the
gas log* aro Ailed with water. After the water ie heated the gut-
Is turned almost off and tha hot water thrown off a comfortable
even heat nt a very low cost.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
Aetmm
 »«*»<*»*»*-***

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