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The Western Clarion Aug 13, 1904

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iiV^      I
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
This is
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, August 13, 1904.
Hsr Position in the Ricoutractita of Social Isstitntloss.
Being the substance of a lecture
delivered by the Provincial Secretary
of the S. P. of B. C, Mrs. B. Merrill
Burns, before Locals Vancouver and
Victoria, in which it is attempted to
explain as lucidly and simply as possible what Socialism is, what it may
i>t expected to do for woman, and
what woman may do for Socialism.
in its beginnings Socialism was the
name  applied  to a  theory    for    the
reconstruction    of     society—and   by
society I mean the organized life of
the whole people, not the little circle
of four hundred or so, whose   doings
along with the records of crime and
commerce, till  up our    daily    press.
Socialism was then but a theory for
the  reorganization  of  society    along'
such lines as would secure to the producer of useful things a right to the
ownership of that which he produced
instead of allowing other individuals
to usurp the fruit of his labor in its
entirety, except   that   meagre portion
it required to afford a bare subsistence
to the producer and the family it was
necessary for him to raise in order to
keep his class from becoming defunct,
and so imperilling future supplies for
the  privileged class  that  lived  upon
his  labor.      The  worker  has  always
borne upon his bent    shoulders   the
idler  and  the shirker,  whether    that
idler    and    shirker  be  a  millionaire
spendthrift or a hapless  tramp—and
let me say the millionaire costs a great
deal   more  than   the   tramp,  he  is  a
luxury the worker can scarcely afford.
The   persons  who  first  formulated
this theory for the reconstruction of
society had observed that the evils of
excessive  wealth  and  excessive  poverty are twins, and that idleness and
! unceasing toil are alike demoralizing
to the human character; that too much
and too little are but opposite ends of
[the    same    crooked    stick,  and   1104
upright man was ever yet measured
by that crook.    They    saw    that industry, or the problem of getting the
I means of life, was the pivot around
j which the social, moral and religious
! life of a people worked together and
shared according to their need in the
j things produced, and if no one might
1 rob another by pretending to own for
i himself the land, or the machines, or
< the resources of the earth that should
j be  common  to  all,  then   these  evils
> would  of  necessity  right  themselves
and people might be expected to live
righteously and to make their institutions conform to the needs and desires
of all, instead of, as now, serving the
ends of the few to the detriment   of
At various times in past history cer-
ftain philanthropic individuals have attempted to put this theory into prac-
! tisc, and have been able to prove   by
I model   villages  where   all   the   people
i worked  and  where  all   shared  justly
in what they produced together, that,
; under such a system, the vicious traits
that had long been supposed    to   be
inherited in the human  family might
{be almost  eliminated.      The    people
{comprising these model villages were
! happy,    industrious and good.     The
premiums were all put upon good conduct instead of upon  lying, cheating
and stealing.
But the world was not yet ripe tor
the general adoption of such a system
of socialized industry. The machine
had not yet been brought to perfection and men and corporations were
still able to war with each other in
competitive business. There was a
fighting chance for even the humblest
worker to "rise in the world," and, by
possessing himself of the tools he used
in his trade to set up in business for
himself, and to become in his turn an
employer—or an exploiter of labor.
He could get up and ride upon the
backs of those whose ranks he had
lately left, and as he had been taught
that was the honorable, creditable and
virtuous course to pursue, he had no
scruples in becoming a parasite in-
I stead of a MAN.
Men believed, and with some show
I of reason, that they could    live   and
prosper without the acknowledged aid
of each other.   They we're   not   yet
ready for socialism.
Time passed, men kept on devising
' new and marvellous machines that
! took the place of hundreds of skilled
hand-workers and gathered men together in large bodies in factories and
workshops, where each one became a
mere tender or feeder to a machine.
And because these machines wre so
wonderfuly productive they were very
valuable and because the workers had
not learned to co-operate in ownership, they were possessed by the few
rich men among them, who by reason
of owning the machines became the
veritable MASTERS of the men who
had to work them in order to gain
! bread for themselves and those dependent upon them.
Now MEN do not like to be slaves;
they do not like to beg as a privilege
that which is every man's right—to do
useful labor and to supply his human
needs with the product of that labor;
and because of this natural distaste on
the part of the real men for such subserviency, we have the socialism of
to-day—a socialism of propaganda,'of
spreading abroad the knowledge of
these things and of causing to grow
in the consciousness of the workers a
class solidarity that will make them
ready to "go in and possess the land,"
and the machinery of production, and
the facilities for administration, for
education, for recreation and enjoyment in their own right, instead of
leaving these things a monopoly in
the hands of an idler class, which only
uses them for their own debasement
and for the enslavement of the working class.
When the workers have possessed
themselves of these things, we will
have socialism realized. Just as we
call the present social order capitalism
because money rules and profit-making is tbe basis of industry, so we will
call the new order socialism because
society will rule and the desires and
needs of the associated people will be
the basis of industry.
or an extra smile from him, your lord
and  master.    Socialists don't  believe
in property rights in human    beings,
but too often I have heard Socialist
orators allude to the wives and children as that portion of private property
Socialism would    guarantee  to every
man desiring to own such—property I
Man   does   not  reckon   woman   as  a
whole hitman being.   Why, 1 know of
a secretary of a Socialist Local right
here in British Columbia, who in keeping his roJl-call of members numbered
the male members whole numbers and
their wives  fractions.    For instance:
John Jones,  1;  Peter Smith, 2;  Mrs.
I'eter Smith, 2^; and if Peter Smith
had   had  a   daughter  old  enough  t«
belong to the Local, she, I doubt not,
would   have   been   numbered 2J4.     It
sounds beautiful to be called a "better
halt," I admit, but the more you arc
cut up into halves and divided around
in  sections  the  weaker you  become,
and  the  women  of today    need  the
strength   of   perfect   whole   numbers.
There is so much  to accomplish for
the children  tomorrow that only <he
mothers  can  do.    What  benefit  you
may derive from    Socialism depends
then largely upon what part you take
in   bringing   Socialism   to  a   realized
condition, as well as upon what you
may want when the power to satisfy
your wants is within your reach.
(Continued on page 4.)
What share will woman have in this
reconstructed society? What will socialism do for her in the future and
what may she do for socialism in the
present? These are the questions we
shall try to answer in this paper.
In the first place, lest some    dear
man should become alarmed for   the
future of the race he is world-building
for, let me say that she will still, in
the new society as in the old, be the
mother of the human family.   Perhaps
to a greater extent than in our present
era of barbaric civilization, for do not
the Presidents and the Bishops complain most bitterly to-day that women
are refusing  to  fulfill  their  manifest
mision and that  the "suicide of    the
race" is threatened.    It may be that
under an administration of justice and
wisdom it will be worth while perpetuating   the    race.     Who   can    blame
women for feeling that it is no credit
to them to supply slaves for a wage
market, or to produce    parasites    to
prey upon  the  social  life.      Motherhood to-day means one of those two
things.    Perhaps   an   instinctive consciousness of the folly oi going down
to the gates of death to bring up more
recruits for either of these two classes
has grown up in the minds 01 women
and they have begun an'unconscious
revolt  against maternity  so debased.
But, don't you worry, the dear   baby
will be there in sufficient numbers and
of the right sort    when    the    ballot
weilders   have   prepared   a   place    for )
him and the "eternal  feminine''    can
see a decent outlook for his future.
What socialism may do for women
depend- altogether upon two things.
First, it depends upon what woman
wants it to do for her; and, secondly,
upon what is her position in the1 new
commonwealth. Unless the women
workers keep step with their brothers
in their march towards freedom; U*
they remain as now largely, a clog
upon the footsteps and an obstacle and
a hindrance to those who would go
forward, I do not perceive that their
condition will be greatly improved.
Unless you, women, secure your political and economic freedom while the
battle for freedom is on, 1 am not sure
that these men, once slaves themselves, will not seal you as slaves umo
themselves forever. Freed slaves make
the most tyrannical masters, just as
OX-hired girls make the most exacting
task-mistresses when they are elevated to a position where they can keep
a girl.
The experiences of the past have not
taught us that men will do these
things for us; the experiences of the
present, even with men who think they
are advanced socialists, do not cause
us to believe that woman will get any
such little concessions as the ballot
and an independent position in society
unless she makes herself very persistent in asking for it. I understand the
Premier of British Columbia has
pledged himself to support a measure
Colorado     Situation     Demands    More
Vigorous Action.
James   H.   Peabody,    governor    of
Colorado, on July 28th, declared military rule in Teller county suspended.
The affairs of the county are now left
in   the  hands  of  Sheriff  Bell   and a
small  army  of deputies.    The  thugs
of   the   Citizens'   Alliance   and   mine
owners are still busily engaged in the
pleasing     pastime   of  clubbing    and
beating members of the Western Federation  of  Miners,  their  friends  and
sympathizers.    In  this they seem  to
meet  with  no serious  opposition  on
the part of the sheriff.   When some ot"
the   deported     men   have   asked   the
sheriff foil protection while they returned to look after their families and
property,   they   were   told   that   such
protection  would  be  afforded  to the
best of his ability, but "there were not
men enough in Teller county to protect  all   the   men     who    had     been
deported."    Whether this meant that
the  sheriff's  force  was  powerless  to
cope    with    the    Citizens'    Alliance
thugs, or that the sheriff was inclined
to wink at proceedings, is a matter of
conjecture.    Be that as it may,  1,569
men were dragged before the military
court in Teller county from June 8th
to July 28th. This court recommended
23H for deportation, 42 far trial in the
criminal court, and  1.289 for release.
The men deported were thus treated
without any process of law.   Many of
them had families and property within
the    county.    All    would be  strictly
within their legal rights in returning.
If the authorlt
and conservatism and in return received the bull-pen and vile abuse of
the corporations and their tools. I
have seen brave men acting on my
advice, which I believe to be for the
best interests of our organization,
silently submit to such damnable
abuse as has made me blush for my
manhood and call myself a coward,
and 1 say to you to-day, unhesitatingly, that the time has arrived when
organized labor must speak out in
ringing tones. Pleading has become
a mockery. Law-abiding citizens have
been branded as cowards; the lower
courts receive no notice and, for reasons best known to itself, the highest
judiciary of the state fails to act. 1
have stated that of the two weapons
to be placed in the hands of the wage
worker, I would recommend the ballot.
In San Miguel county to-day it would
appear that for temporary relief some
other policy should be pursued. I do
not believe that there is a law on the
statutes of a state in our Union or in
the constitution of the United States
which deprives a citizen of the right
of self-defence. I do not believe that
there is a law which provides that one
class of citizens shall be armed to the
teeth and another class robbed of
every means of defence, as has been
done in Trinidad and Telluride, and
the armed mob permitted to murder
and drive like cattle their helpless
victims. There are hundreds of your
members in the San Juan who should
return to their homes; in Telluride
the Citizens' Alliance and mine
ownei«s await them with the rifle."
Wc make no hesitancy in saying
that if the mine owners and Citizens'
Alliance are thus awaiting the return
of men guilty of no crime and who
have been driven from Teller, San
Miguel or any other county, they
should not be kept long in suspense.
The men should return at once prepared to exchange civilities in kind
with those who greet tkeir return.
What it may have been we neither
know nor care, but patience is no
longer a virtue, as applied to Colorado.
Improper Uto of tho Tom Cooloios its Proper Uodentoodiog.
Grown Up Folly as Compared with the
Folly of Youth.
       .      S
es can not. or will not
afford them protection, it is clearly
the duty of these men to provide for
their own protection should they
wish to return. Altogether too many
appeals have been made, too many
protests and denunciatory resolutions,
uttered. These useless nothings may.
for a time seem advisable but when
repeatedly indulged in without favor-
abl result, patience should cease to be
a virtue and more drastic measures
employed. It is the
right  of the
citizen of the    United
States to keep and bear arms.    However  valueless   a  constitutional   right
may he, this is one that can not be too
stubbornly     defended.     Stripped     of
weapons   the  American    citizen   will
find      himself     absolutely      helpless
against   the   tyrannies   of   the   ruling
class.    The   working men  shonld  be
impressed with  the necessity of surrendering their arms only with  their
lives.    Better to die with weapons in
their hands  than  to be chased   from
pillar    to    post   as   these    Colorado
miners have been during this trouble.
'P look for trouble to start as soon
as   the   troops     are    withdrawn   and
military control is ended," said General Bell. "The troops have been kept;
in Cripple Creek lately to protect the
union miners and their friends. These
people will not be pleased when  the
troops arc withdrawn.    We protected
, -■ .    union  men    and    their    friends
for the enfranchisement of women just j against citizens, and I am afraid now
SO soon as a representative number of I that when  the troops are withdrawn
the women of the Province have indi- 1 that there will be a had clash "
cated their desire to possess arid use \     li the famous General Bell correctly
franchise. There is an old adage
which says "That which is worth having is worth asking for."
Man rebels at being a mere part of
the machine—a cog in the machine he
calls it—that does the work of the
world. He wants to be an entity with
power in his hands to make or mar;
he isn't taking on very greatly because
you are only a child-bearing machine
a cooking, washing and scrubbing
machine. He cannot see what you
can possibly want with an individuality of your own, or that there i.s anything on earth for you to achieve
unless it might be a new spring bonnet
sizes up the situation it is the duty
of the deported men to return to
Teller county as quickly as possible,
and with weapons in their hands. It
is likewise the duty of every citizen
of the United States to do likewise,
if it appears necessary.
In referring to the condition of
affairs in San Miguel county, which
are the same as in Teller county,
Charles Moyer, President of the W.
F. M., in his report to the late convention of that body, in Denver, says:
"If this be law, then I can no longer
subscribe  to  its  execution or advise
others to do so.   I have advised peace | tons in its actions
A certain  Private Perry,    who    no
one seems to have ever heard of before, has  suddenly arisen  to a  fame
of no mean proportions.    It seems to
be    Canada-wide,  if  not  world-wide,
and thousands greet with    glad    acclaim this suddenly famous one as he
introduces   his august  personality  to
the various centers of population on
his journey from the eastern confines
of the Dominion, to Vancouver which
proudly claims him as her own.    This
claim    evidently rests upon  the  fact
that Private Perry once lived here, and
threatens to do so some more.    What
wonderful    accomplishment has thus
writen  his name in characters    bold,
I'pon the scroll of fame?    Why merely that among a bunch who had nothing better to do for the moment than
"shoot   at   a   mark,"   he   hit   it   more
times than any of the rest.    And yet
there does  not seem  to be anything
particularly wonderful about so simple
a circumstance.    Nothing to warrant
all of this clatter and "flub-dub," this
offer of custom house jobs,  this  fulsome flattery and senseless praise.
Long, long ago, in conjunction with
other youthful specimens we used to
peg rocks at a mark.      Later on we
used to jig up sling-shots, bows and
arrows, and other dynamic appliances
and use them for   similar   purposes.
Still later on, when we had arrived at
a more advanced stage of ridiculous
youthfulness.   we  acquired   possession
of an old muzzle-loading double-barrelled  "buskisegon," and with a zest
and zeal equal, or even greater than,
that of the full grown kids of to-day,
we    peppered    tomato cans and circumjacent atmosphere    right merrily.
Sometimes one kid carried    off    the
honors,    then    again    another.      No
world-wide   fuss  was made  about  it.
No silly thousands welcomed the victor with  loud  and  fulsome    acclaim.
No good jobs  were offered,  nor did i
any particular  locality  lay  claim    to
special   honor.    On  the  contrary  the
participants in these youthful contests
used often to get soundly "larruped"
for disturbing the peace of the neighborhood, or wasting time that ought
to have been spent in    weeding    the
garden     or     other    useful    purpose.
Usually our particular locality would
have preferred  the honor of our absence, in the interest of quietude.   No
cup as a prize  was ever thought of,
and had such an article been required
a most excellent one could have been
purchased in any tin shop for a nickel,
the same as can be done in Vancouver unto this day.
In comparing this "shooting at a
mark" in which Private Perry took
part and its after happenings, with
our own youthful experiences in the
same line, we are led to the conclusion that the principa 1 difference
betwixt youth and manhood is that
the later is decidedly the more ridicu-
The term class struggle falls from
the lips  of the Socialist    with such
frequency that it is often    slurringly
referred    to    as    one  of  the    stock
phrases of the wild-eyed dreamer.   A
too   careless    use of the    term   has
resulted   in   making  it   possible    for
anti-Socialists to throw somewhat of
odium upon its use.      Many   things
have been referred to as parts of the
"class struggle" which in reality have
nothing to do with it, and in many
instances are a complete denial of it.
That there  has of necessity    always
been  a conflict of interest    between
master and slave, whether the particular    form  of slavery    were    chattel,
feudal or wage, it by no means follows
that the struggles arising from such
conflict of interest would of necessity
in each instance take on the form, or
rise to the dignity of class struggles.
The conflict of interest arising between
the capitalist employer of labor and
the   workingman,   is   that     which   is
always in evidence between the buyer
and    seller    of    merchandise.'     The
former's    interest   demands    a   low
price, the latter's a high one.    Each
may stubbornly contest the point, and
may even call  to his aid  the assistance of those outside of the transaction, but who may be sympathetically
inclined,    but  by  no  stretch  of the
imagination could such a contest properly be termed a class struggle.   The
economic   class  lines  are  not drawn
between buyer and seller, although a
conflict of interest    always    obtains.
The  buyer  in  one  instance    will be
found as seller in the next, and were
the attempt .made to draw the class
line between  buyer    and    seller, the
ridiculous  scene would  be presented
of   members of opposing    economic
classes "hop scotching" from one side
of the  line  to the  other    and  back
again like so many grasshoppers.   As
a rule of general application the buyer
does not wrong    the    seller, or vice
versa.   The conditions of the market
dtlt-rmine what the one must pay and
the  other  accept.    Neither  can  successfully ignore these   conditions for
any length of time.    Employers purchase and employees sell labor power,
a   merchandise    or    commodity, like
shoes, mutton chops, smoked or salt
herrings, or any other of the thousand
and one things in the list of commodities.    They   haggle  over   tbe  price
oftentimes,    and    occasionally fail to
arrive  at  an  understanding    without
serious trouble.    However stubbornly
either side may'contest the point the
conditions  of  the  market   ultimately
acts as a court of arbitration and its
decision  settles    the    disputed  point. ;
There i-. nothing contained within the I
matter of buying and selling of the
commodity labor    power that makes
class  action   by  either   side   possible
or can even suggest it.   Combinations
may be formed under certain circumstances taking in considerable    numbers, but the    power to press    their
point depends upon their being in a
position to hold aloof from the general   market,     which   has   long  since
become quite an impossible  thing to
do.    How impossible may be readily
seen from the result of all the great
strikes oi recent years.
In the difference between the exchange, value of labor power (wages)
and the exchange value <<i the products that come forth as a result of its
expenditure lies the kernel of the
capitalist nut. The wage is the husk
that covers it.
The  holding  of labur  in  the  category  of merchandise    furnishes    the
nourishment  that  produces  both  the
innutritions     husk    and     the    meaty
kernel.   The class struggle is waged
over the matter of labor as merchandise, and  not  over    its    price.    The
working class will struggle to lift its
labor out of the category of merchandise,  or commodities.    The  capitalist
class will struggle to prevent it. Those
disturbances and conflicts which occur
with such frequency of recent years,
have  to do  with  the husk    entirely.
They have nothing to do with either
kernel or nourishment.    As  soon  as
one of these disturbances breaks out
it becomes a  contest  between  workingmen to see who shall have, not the
kernel,    but    the    husk.     There not
being husks enough to go around the
conflict becomes oftentimes fierce. As
the meaty kernel lies just beneath the
husk, careless observers who are perchance conscious of the existence of
a kernel, fall into the error that the
conflict   is   being    waged     over   the
kernel, instead of the husk.    In their
enthusiasm   they  link    this     "scrap"
with the revolutionary movement, and
refer to it as a "noble waging of the
class struggle."
To lift labor from the category of
merchandise  necessitates   the   seizure
by the working class of control of the
means of wealth production, resources
of the earth, factories, mines, railways, etc. Whether this be accomplished peacefully at the ballot box,
or by force of arms, it would be an act
of political revolution, and when carried out would be the end of the class
struggle between the present warring
economic classes the capitalist class
and the working class.
Along the old line of action followed by the workers, the capitalist
class is safe. True, an occasional
capitalist, or concern may be ruined
as a result of some strike or boycott.
But in no case does the benefit accrue
to the working class. The economic
power formerly held by the one ruined
has by some mysterious process not
understood by ordinarily careless
working men been transferred to.
other capitalist concerns, and the
working class is as bad off as before,
with the added badness of having the
ruined added to its ranks.
The class struggle of labor then is
to lift itself from the category of
merchandise to the standard of manhood, by seizing the reins of power
and transforming the means of living
from capitalist property into collective or working class property. Labor
will then produce food that it may
eat, clothing that it may wear,
houses that it may be sheltered, tools
that it may use, and weapons that it
may defend.
The sooner the "class struggle" be
understood, fought out and the incident closed, the better for the working class, and the race. With its
speedy ending in view the warriors
of the class struggle can not afford to
tarry by the wayside engaged in petty
quarrels over dry and innutritious
Russian Government Wreaks Vengeance
on the Act of a Child.
Over the sudden and somewhat dramatic retirement from office recently
of von Plehve, Russia's Minister of
the Interior, as coarse and conscienceless a ruffian as ever escaped the
gallows, the civilized world was more
or less shocked. In the press dispatches of August 5th will be read an
account of the hanging, by the Russian government, of the 18-year-old
daughter of one? of Russ
educators, for th
la's leading
e crime of high treason.   This self-same civilized world in
♦,,;- case will not be shocked in the
least. _^^^^^^^m^^^^^^^mmm
This brave young girl's treason consisted of smuggling several seditious
pamphlets into packages of reading
matter and delicacies which she was
assisting the emprtss in preparing to
be sent to the troops in Manchuria.
No great stretch of the imagination is
required to arrive at the probable
contents of these seditious pamphlets. Just a few modest truths in
regard to the crimes and brutalites
perpetrated upon the working people
by Russian despotism would be quite
seditious enough to warrant drastic
measures. Surely a government must
be driven to sore straits when to sustain itself it must resort to the murder
of women. That government in any
country on earth will resort to similar measures in the day of its extremity i.s proven by past history.
When a government is
^^._ driven to the
use of such means it heralds the near
approach of its dissolution. The war
between Russia and Japan appears
upon its face to be a bloody tragedy,
a stupendous crime. If it results in
paving the way for the Russian people
to throw off the yoke of despotism
;iiid move a step nearer the goal of
final emancipation from the thralldom
of the present world-wide capitalist
system of robbery, it will not have
been in vain. Every drop of blood
will have been well spent. To the
long list of Freedom's martyrs the
students and workingmen of Russia
are adding in generous number. Their
unconquerable devotion to her cause
is shown by their unflinching courage
in facing dangers that lead to almost
certain death or even worse. When
this young girl was accused of
smuggling the seditious pamphlets,
"she is said to have admitted her
guilt, and to have declared that she
gloried in the deed."
Brave little woman! With such
unflinching courage and devotion as
yours nourishing its roots is Freedom's plant kept green and urged
toward full flower. When it shall
have blossomed your name will be
enshrined in the hearts of a free
people. The vile monsters who took
your young life will be relegated to
that oblivion where such
creatures belong.
1  ' ■ ■ '•
< s
Ike tea Bin
Published every Saturday morning,
in the interests of the Working Class
alone, by The Western Socialist Publishing Co., Limited, at the office of
the Universal Printing Trust, Flack
Block basement, 165 Hastings Street,
Vancouver,  B. C.
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Vancouvbk, B. C, August 13, 1904.
per year on each slave, and the latter
to the bad, the difference betwixt 27
per cent and lo per cent. The pnly
hope of righting this matter in the
south is by organizing. Of course
the wonderful things accomplished in
Massachusetts can be duplicated in
any other state. Once this is attended to, the conditions of employer
and employee in South Carolina would
be raised to the Masachusetts
standard, they who contend
that profits and wages can not rise
together would be confounded, and
the theory that a man could lift himself over a fence by his boot-straps
would   become  an  established  fact.
In justice to .Mr. llarrell let it be
said that in addition to the wealth of
perhaps unconscious humor in his
utterances, there is also to be found
Aisr'c ni of equal brand to that which
ordinarily filters through the columns
of the Federationist. Additional
humor is read into Mr. Harrell's
words by one of our eastern exchanges which points out that by confession of the capitalist press the textile workers now on strike at Fall
River, Mass., werr getting on the average but $0 per week prior to the strike.
Great are the victories of organized
labor. Rich is the unconscious humor
of its disciples.
"The worker in a Massachusetts
factory gets 27 per cent, of what he
produces, while the unorganized labor
in South Carolina gets only 19 per
cent; yet the Massachusetts laborer
produces in one year $715 more for
his employer than the laborer in
..South Carolina. There is an illustration of what trade unionism is doing
for industry, lifting the standard of
both the employer and the employee."
The humor of "London Punch,"
"Puck" or "Judge," does not appeal to
every one. It is a sort of machine
made humor that can not readily be
assimilated by the average person unless he be particularly susceptible to
the blandishments of the microbe
humorosisticus. To penetrate the
ordinary hide it becomes necessary
for those worthy publications to make
plain their jokes by numerous cuts
and diagrams called humorous pictures and cartoons. The above quotation was not copied from any of the
aforementioned sheets but from that
prince of all humorous journals the
"American Federationist," edited by
the world-famous funny man known
as Sammy Gompers.
The words quoted are alleged to
have fallen from the lips of a certain
C. J. Harrell during a debate at Durban, N. C, on the subject of "Trades
Unionism in the best interest of the
Country." As a humorist Mr. Harrell may as yet be nothing more than
a local celebrity, but professionals
throughout the country may well look
to their laurels, as no richer piece of
humor ever fell from the lips of mortal before. As we never heard of the
gentleman in question as a humorist
before, we opine this gem may have
been unconsciously dropped. A gem
it undoubtedly is of the purest water,
and should be preserved in the archives of time that future generations
may "laugh and grow fat."
Should the textile workers in
Massachusetts run across this
precious piece of humor, the hilarity that would follow its reading
would no doubt cause them to forget
all their other troubles. To be told
they have been getting more than one
quarter of what they produce, as
against the poor South Carolina
slaves less than one-fifth, and that
this enormous difference has resulted
from trades unionism will no doubt
so tickle their ribs that in the resulting paroxysm of laughter they will
l".irst off their remaining buttons, if
pi reliance they should have any left,
alter reading previous issues of the
While the Massachusetts worker
gets the plethoric 27 per cent of what
he produces, the South Carolinan gets
the lean and cadaverous 19 per cent.
And yet the Massachusetts employer
gets $715 per year more out of the
hide of a slave than does the South
Carolina employer. God save our
buttons, but this is the most humorous thing that ever happened, alongside of which the ordinary everyday
brand is as skimmed milk to cream
cheese in comparison.
How stupid is the average Massachusetts capitalist. He apparently does
not know a good thing when he sees
it. He evidently has no sense of
humor, and does not realize when he
is making himself the butt of ridicule. He stupidly insists in many
cases in moving his factories from
Massachusetts, where both his
employee and himself have a
pudding, to the south where both
will -strictly be up against the real
thing.   Himself to the tune of $715
A large volume of exports from a
country is usually taken as an evidence of that country's prosperity. The
enormous figures to which the export
trade of the United States has attained
is a case in point. Not long since
Chauncey M. Depew, in an address,
stated that "we were producing
$2,000,000,000 more than we can consume." And yet every working man
in the States knows such statement
to be false. This fabulous amount of
wealth could easily have been consumed at home if the working people
could have gotten at it. The "we"
that Mr. Depew meant consisted of
tbe comparatively small number of
parasitical suckers which make up the
capitalist class of that country.
Applied to them it is probably true
that "we" could not consume this
enormous surplus. Stuffed to repletion already, such an additional strain
upon their digestive apparatus would
no doubt prove fatal. Not to dispose
of it, however, would prove equally-
fatal. Hence a vigorous foreign policy
becomes necessary, and all of these
various marauding expeditions into
Asia, Africa and elsewhere follow as a
consequence. The export of goods
indicates prosperity for the exporters
alone. It means misery for the
workers at home, who have been
robbed out of the goods, and often
times even greater misery to the
people abroad, upon whom they are
ruthlessly forced.
The boasted world's commerce of
today is but a world-wide traffic in
plunder. The greater its volume the
greater the prosperity of the class
that lives by plunder, the capitalist
class, and the deeper the poverty and
misery of the class that lives by labor,
the working class.
Out upon such humbug. The highest and best interests of the workers
of any or all countries, lies not in
producing goods for sale at home or
export abroad, but in producing goods
strictly for their own use. Under
such production exporting and importing could only be done as a matter
of mutual convenience between the
workers of different countries.
Editor Garion,—The -communication in last week's Clarion signed R.
Ii Kerr, and presumably published by
authority of the Provincial Executive
Committee, is a most out of place one
and should, in my opinion, never have
been publishel, Anything of the
nature of log-rolling inside the party
should be frowned down, and that this
bears all the ear-marks of such sort of
thing seems plain. Comrade Kerr
evidently assumes that the holding of
the convention in any particular
locality is to give such locality some
degree of prestige which will result
in favorably influencing the election
returns at such point. Were he at all
well informed, he would know that
according to the basis of representation fixed by the party constitution,
no large convention, which he evidently has in mind, could be held at
the present time. He would furthermore know that the purpose of the
convention could in no case be the
boosting of the campaign of a candidate or candidates. Converts are
not made in that way, at least down
here on the coast.
I find upon enquiry at the secretary's office, that the Provincial Executive Committee has no knowledge
of the existence of a Local at Grand
Forks. If the chief desideratum is to
hold the convention at that place in
order to make a "deep impression,"
as Comrade Kerr puts it, and as he
does not "suppose there will be a large
delegation from the coast," it is evident that no coast assistance is needed
to make it. I therefore suggest that
the Locals in that vicinity proceed to
Grand Forks and make such "impression" at once and make it not only
"deep," but wide.   Where it is so vit
ally necessary that impressions be
made, the matter should not await the
perhaps tardy arrival ot a convention
whose business is not in the impression" line.       m
That "Phoenix is the most Socialist
town .worth calling a town, on the
American continent," may or may not
be true. If true, it is a matter of
news to me. I profess ignorance as
to whether Phoenix is even a "town
worth calling a town," or not. At any
rate, Phoenix, "the most Socialist
town," should have no difficulty in
reducing the capitalist breastworks in
a one-horse  place  like  Grand  Forks.
1 had been under the impression
that the bulk of our movement in
British Columbia was still here on the
coast. I am of that opinion still. It
i.s here our greatest strength has so
far been displayed, and it is here that
the steady all the year round public
propaganda is carried on.
The work of the convention will be
the formulating of party methods and
lines of work; the shaping up as it
were of party policy and procedure,
and not of making "impressions."
The only logical place to hold it is in
Vancouver. This is probably as central a point as could be found, taking*
into consideration the entire membership of our party in the province. The
suggestion of Local Vancouver in
regard to holding it here during the
time of the Provincial Exhibition, if
followed, will make it the cheapest
point within the Province as well.
The most remarkable portion of
Comrade Kerr's communication lies
in the concluding paragraph, as follows: "Please get all the coast people
to vote for Grand Forks. Advise
Victoria." It seems hardly possible
that Comrade Kerr could imagine
such action to be within the legitimate duties of the Provincial Executive Committee, or the Provincial
Secretary. If the committee does not
see that he is informed that neither
the Provincial Secretary or itself can
be used for any such purpose, it
deserves censure, and should get what
is coming to it.
The selecting of place for convention, recommendations relating thereto, and in fact all party matters,
should be dealt with by the membership through the Locals. In this case
nominations of place at which to hold
convention are made by the Locals
of the party. All recommendations
relating thereto should likewise be
made by Locals, and good taste would
dictate that such be confined to mere
statements of fact. That delegates
would or would not "enjoy themselves" at any particular place can
have no bearing, as Socialist conventions are not held for the purpose of
pleasure, except such as may be
derived from taking part in the world
movement for the abolition of wage
slavery. This pleasure would come
even were the convention held in
A mistake has been made in allowing the Clarion's columns to be used
by individuals for the purpose of influencing the membership in that
which is strictly a party matter. Opening its columns to one individual for
such purpose paves- the way for
others, and space that ought to be
used to better purpose is utilized in
long-winded arguments which at most
could be but individual expressions of
opinion, and no doubt colored by individual prejudice. The place to air
these individual opinions is on the
floor of the Local. If such should be
concurred in by the Local, it becomes
something more than an individual
opinion, and should then be entitled
to a hearing through the regular
channels of the organization.
1 am, yours for making impressions
by thorough and sound propaganda,
and not by log-rolling or legerdemain, W. S.
Vancouver, Aug. io.
E. T.   Kingsley,    Editor  of Western
Clarion,  Vancouver.
Dear Comrade,—At the request of
this Local of S. P. B. C, I am sending
enclosed the sum of $2.50, which was
collected last January to help the
struggling Clarion. It is not in the
way of subscriptions, as we already
have a number of papers floating
round the camp each week, but just a
little extra to help make sure that the
paper will be kept a-going.
I notice in this week's issue that you
would like to get 50 individuals to
give a dollar a month for three
months to put the enterprise on a safe
basis. I am ready to do my share, and
enclose $1 for this month.
We have a few Socialists in this
settlement, but the creation of surplus
value does not leave us much surplus
time and energy for anything else,
and I expect it is the same with
workers elsewhere too. But if we,
who are lucky enough to have jobs,
do not get in and push the movement
along, who is there to do it? It would
be unreasonable to turn it over to the
poor fellows who are scouring the
country for jobs.
With best wishes for the Clarion,
yourself and the Socialist cause, I
remain, yours fraternally,
Secretary, Local 22.
Van Anda, Texada Island, B. C,
August 6th, 1004.
our comrade from" the Middle West,
(f these-|incs should fall under the
eye n? Comrade KJamroth I hope he
will pardon my de|cription, as I have
a keen sense of humor, and somehow
simply can't help it. Comrade Klam-
i-oth is not a "blanket stiff." He does
not carry his home on his back-. For
four evenings straight he-spoke on the
street corner and. IrcTped to fill our
propaganda meeting Sunday night. He
was only molested once by the officer
of the law, being told to move further
down the street, for apparently blockr
ading the thoroughfare—a curious
coincidence, since the Salvation Army
night after night have made the street
simply impassable, but never once
have they been molested, the reason
for which may not be hard to explain.
Sunday morning Comrade Klamroth
went down to the Work Point barracks to preach the gospel of Socialism to those unconscious slaves of
capitalist militarism domiciled therein.
He did succeed in gaining an entrance
and after securing two subscriptions1
to the Appeal to Reason according to
his story, a little "two by four god"
bundled him out of the barracks in
double-quick time.
Did Comrade Klamroth do a thing
to the present system while he was
here?   Well, I should smile!
Comrade Watters was the speaker
at last Sunday's meeting. "Impressions from the South" was his subject, he having only recently returned
from a trip through 16 different states
to Chattanooga, Tenn., where he was
sent as a delegate to the convention
of the Boilermakers' Helpers' Union.
Passing through Colorado to the
cotton mills of the south, with its blot
of child slavery, so miserably apparent, to the negro plantations, where
Sambo is hardly better off than his
ancestor of the pre-capitalist days of
chattel slavery, and to the scenes of
the recent Colorado outrages. Brief
stops at St. Louis and Salt Lake City
on the return journey completed a
very pleasant scamper across the continent. At the close of his address
Comrade Klamroth said a few words,
in which he endeavored to show what
would happen under Socialism—a Utopian picture perhaps, savoring of
Edward Bellamy's "Looking Backward." The hall was full, and some
literature was sold.
Keep up this campaign of education.   Never let up.
Victoria, Aug. 8th, 1904.
tm~Vverv Local of the Socialist Party of B. C.
Should run a card under this head. $1.00 per
month.     Secretaries please note.	
Socialist Party of British Columbia.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Provincial executive committee: A.
R. Stebbings, John Dubberly, L. T.
English, R. P. Pettipiece, E. T.
Kingsley, Vancouver; O. Lee Charlton, Victoria; E. S. Embree, Greenwood. Ernest Burns, treasurer; B.
Merrill-Burns, secretary, Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vancouver, S. P. of B. C, No. 1.
Business meetings every Wednesday evening at 8 p. m. at headquarters, Ingleside Block (room 1, 2nd
floor) 313 Cambie street. Educational meetings every Sunday evening in Oddfellows' hall (3rd floor),
Sullivan block, Cordova street.
Secretary: O. P. Mills, box 836,
Gasoline Launch. Length over all
24 ft. by 7 foot beam. Engine 1 1-2
horse power. Engine new. Boat been
in water 6 months. Will sell engine
or boat separately if desired.
Enquire of Western Clarion,
P. O. Box 836.        313 Cambie St.,
Room 1.
 Kvery Labor Union in the proving ;.
vittd to place a card under this head,   ii M1 *
month,    fiecretarien please note. **
United Brotherhood of Carpenter*
and Joiners.. Meets every secoad
and fourth Wednesday in Union
hall, Room 2. President, Lumner
O'Brien; recording secretary, Urb»B
Chaplin, 28120 Manitoba street
Delegates to Building Trades CoUB.
cil: P. McMurdo, and Tay|0f
alternate, Greenweil and Rafner'
Delegates to T. & L. Council: G
D. Dobbin, J. McLaren, I r
, G. F.   4J- •    ' *»
Adams and A. E,
Greenwood Miners' Union, No. «
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening in Union hall. J. R. Ritchie,
president; Ernest Mills, secretary.
Phoenix Trade* and Labor CouneJL
Meets every alternate Monday
John Riordan, president; Edward
Brown, vice-president; P. H. La-
casse sergeant-at-arms; W. H. Bambury, secretary-treasurer, P. O. B01
198, Phoenix, B. C.
Pass into the High School or did you
fail? Well, it makes no difference to
us. In either case, you are far enough
advanced for business life. An old
millionaire once said: "Any youngster
who goes through Grammar School
and enters a business office young, is
hound to become rich and successful,
if there is work and ambition in him,
because by the time he is ao years old
and in possession of all his mental
faculties, he is well versed in business."
If you go to Vogel's you are sure of
a position as soon as you can do tbe
Vancouver, B. C.
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. 1
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Miner*'
hall. Wm. Barnett, president; John
Riordan, secretary.
Nanaimo itinera' Union, No. 177, w.
F. M. meets every third Saturday
from July 2. Alfred Andrews, pres.
ident; Jonathan Isherwood, P. 0.
Box »S9, Nanaimo, B. C, recording secretary.
The International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers.—Local No. 213,
Meets second and fourth Thursdays at I. B. E. W. Hall, Room 3,
Ingleside Block. President, J.
Dillabough; recording secretary,
Geo. P. Farr; financial secretary, A.
H. Sellar. Address all communications to the hall. All sojourning
brethren cordially invited.
To remove the sting of the Rossland decision the government might
now legalize picketing and thus again
secure the confidence of deluded fools.
E. T. Kingsley, Editor Western
Clarion, Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrade,—On Saturday last,
an unkempt, trampish looking individual happened into the "Hotel
Socius," alias "The House of Revolution," commonly known as the Rock
Bay hotel, and registered as Louis
Klamroth, a German-American Socialist from Kansas. Those of your
readers who have seen in Mark
Twain's "Roughing It" a picture of
"Mr. Arkansas" will gain some little
idea of  the  personal  appearance  of
We, the Socialist Party of British
Columbia, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to and support
of tbe principles and program of the
international revolutionary working
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should justly belong. To
the owner ot the means of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system
is based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of wealth proddction;
therefore all the products of labor
belong to the capitalist. The capitalist is master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of .the reins of govern,
ment all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wage system. To
acomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to
hold; the worker to secure it by political action. This is the class struggle.
-Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of British Columbia,
with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.), into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organisation and management of industry
by the worSers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use in
lieu of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is abolished, make
the answer to this question its guiding rule of conduct: WiU this legislation advance the interest of the
working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist Party is
for it; if it will not the Socialist Party
is absolutely oposed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in its hands hi such a manner as to
promote the interest of the working
class alone.
Tks Oldest Later Pastf ia Cassia
Always a fearleass exponent in the
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will be
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen of all countries will
soon recognize the fact that they
must support and read their labor
Issued every Friday.
The Voice PsWisfclir. &„ United
WANTED—Special Representative in
this and adjoining territories, to represent and advertise an old established
business hogse of solid financial standing. Salary $31 with expenses advanced each Monday by check direct
from headquarters. Expenses advanced; position permanent. We furnish.
everything. Address The Columbia,
630 Monon Bldg., Chicago, 111.
T!>e only Agricultural Paper
Pupllshed in B. C.
fftittr tilt per Year.
ftnwsrlM. Victsrta, It
After Sept. ij, 1904 subscription price will !«■ |>,
A Socialist Review of Review i
Contains a monthly digest of the whole
Socialist press, American and foreign;
Quotes the utterances of several hundnf'.
papers on all questions that Interest Socialists. The ideal paper for the bust
Socialist. The best magazine for the Socialist who doesn't like to miss anything
of importance — cartoons—portraits—il- j
Reduces* t» SI Casts a fear.
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Csarsdc Ct-ssentWs Cs., It Casper Is.., R. Y.
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Mail us t5 Royal Crown Soap Wrappers, and in return we will mail c Be**-
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Every   phase   of   the   Typographic   Art  is
known and practiced in the  job department.
The Western Clarion
The Only   Ubor Paper in British Columbia
■" m Vasestvsr, I. C.
United Hatters of North America
.When you are buying a FUR HAT see to it
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed in it. M
a retailer has loose labels in his possession and
offers to put one in a hat for you, do not patronize him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits. The genuine Union Label is perforated
on four edges, exactly the same as a postage
stamp. Counterfeits are sometimes perforated on
three of the edges and sometimes only on two-
Keep a sharp lookout for the counterfeits. t"e
John B. Stetson Co., of Philadelphia, Pa., is a nonunion concern.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, President, Orange, N. J-
MARTIN LAWLOR Secretary, « Warerly Pl««
New York. THE WESTERN CLAHJflfr ifiit^twy, ff c>
-?f cfowy */ Ms? fSocia/ 7)rift
(By R. A. Harris, Portland, Ore.)
I/bough the hour was but seven, the
koess   of   an   Oregon    December
hi had settled down amid a drizzl-
raijj, such as Oregon only knows.
I   Hiram   Mills,  senior  member  of
linn of Mills & Sons,    bankers,
pped from a car at Blank street. A
ver ran  through his frame, and as
rubbed his eyes and blinked until
effect* of the  lighted    ear   had
scd sufficiently for him  to attain
usual gait, he mused to himself:
A tad night, and a reminder to nu
I i must be arranging to get home
lier.    A typical time for me to be
d up, and no secret  that 1   walk
se streets every night at about this
r.    1  have my gun, however; and
am getting old, 1 faney 1 would
rise the fellow who might try any
pranks on  me.      Astonishing,
gh,    how    common  this  hold-up
iiesi, is getting. What is the world
ing to, anyhow?   Ah. well, it's but
ld-up game at best, from first to
We     wonder,   or   pretend   to
der, at the amount of such work,
there is no wonder at all. Modern
without  a   single    moral
The price of place and posi-
to keep the public ignor-
you get your money, and
for the murderer, but owing to ...^
rain and the fact that the robber had
a good hour's start, the police had
little to direct them what course to
pursue.    *    *   *    *
The evening papers contained the
gratifying news that the bold bandit
who had murdered old Hiram Mills
was safely lodged behind the bars.
They also contained a story of an
interview with the desperado, which
furnished  a  topic    for • conversation
desire to retaj3'?- . H one takes a i
life merely as aif incidental to getting !
a start so be can become a puiJantHro- I
pist, fhy-y simply hang him and go on
with the iiicm. They haftsj him if
they cafcft him. I mean. Frequently i
he gets away and later takes his own i
to   ,
of these alone. I vfill refer you
ny class of business concerns in
existence. There- are individual exceptions; no »Vu.bf, but I speak of the
class, livery buBifttss consideration
ends with the getting erf dollars." ,
"Do you mean, thera, that    robber*
is but
I of how    ^	
successful highway robber may
ucially the side partner of the
ncrat of finance, religion, politcs
literature.    We're all in the same
I   wish   1  could    live  my  life
|n.   I would not be a banker.   No,
N'ot that the business of a banker
|ot as honorable as any, but the
py man is not the one who sees
jht in life but the opportunity to
ulate a  fortune.      But for the
E' ncy of the law arfd the catering
s mouthpieces to those of social
financial   position,   I   might   not
be  nearly as  well  off as   J  am.
' am too old now to turn about.
til endeavor to turn my means to
account, at any rate.    All men
had their failures, just as I have,
lam so exception.   God, if I could
jrid  my  memory of  that  fellow,
Son.   A most singular coincidence
jtwo victims of my misfortunes,
different   times,   should   each
[the same name, as though they
* have been the same person.    1
soever     forget   the   manly  little
who  had  accumulated  such  a
jjlittlc  sum  by his odd jobs, and
irith others of his schoolmates,
lis savings  in the bank only to
bem vanish in its failure, and he
ess to secure a cent of redress,
others  suffered similarly, how-
But   the   strangest   thing   was
fifteen years later, in a different
I a workingman of the same name
[d   lose     his    savings   of   many
in the  failure of an  enterprise I
!ne.    Could it be the same one?'
it could;    but that  is very un-
But if it should be the same
who could wonder at such a
becoming desperate?"
t>id!      Throw up your    hands!
a word aloud and I'll blow out
ltirains<    Your money and valtt-
Jare all I want, and if you value
Imiserble skin, be quiet—see!"
irow up my hands and be quiet,
pried the old man in a desperate
Ipt  to  suppress  his   excitement;
Slings I am not very liable to do
the circumstances, I imagine."
pu   wont?    So  much   the   worse
pit, old man.'
ire  is  a   flash,  a   report;  a  man
vith a low groan-; a hasiy rutn-
g of pockets and a highwayman
ics in the gloom,
tains  are   raised,  doors   opened,
persons    peer   from    a   dozen
1, but all  is still, and  the only
they now hear is the patter of
fizzling rain.
|he morning the papers contained
llowing startling news:
that will be remembered for some
time, with doubtless a frequent revival on ocasions of hold-ups and
crimes upon the highway. The report
of the interview was as follows:
A reporter went to see Johnson in
his cell and was surprised to find a
man of much more than ordinary intelligence and one not in the least
averse to talking. Johnson is one of a
more or less numerous type of persons who seem to be making the cold,
deliberate decision that one method of
securing money is just as honorable
as another, that of highway robbery
not excepted; and while, as a matter
of course, his logic is finally wholly at
fault, it is, to say the least, not at all
unreasonable, unlikely or uncommon,
and in justice even to so base a criminal, the readers of this are assured
that this man's story contained a suggestion or two worthy the consideration of lawyers, journalists, ministers
and the entire category of self-styled
guardians of public order and moral
turn in the- game." I »M as a rule the victim**   of   adverse
"You talk with a large measure „f j f,rfl"nstances such as ywr*—despon-
assurance,  Mr. Johnson,    and    while       *"" '" * «»«^-who f*mi    lost    all
your  logic   is  altogether  at  fault   in ! Car<" a" '" ,he onlcMe *'" «'»'
my opinion, it is not altogether un'rea   ' c"nccriH themselves?"
sonablc.    "
-  Our  Victoria Advertisers -
PaU-onize Them and Tell Them Why
as    it
Man is largely a creature of
environment and education, and to the
numerous ones whose advantages are
"Far from that, my frienM,. If that
were true J would say catch am-f kill
them without ceremony.    That would
,   , . . .,        , " be as good a solution as any.    Bur. it
muted,  such   a   philosophy  as  yours   ... ,„    , ..     .      , • *   .r .
.... ti       ij,. ij >s the result of the teaching   or   tbe
nay seem just name.   But would you   . .     , .      . • u ,       -
..     . ,,. ■., , ,'     J business school in which everv hoy t»
mind    telling me some lung of how   ,od .. .    ,        ;frien^
you became possessed of such ideas?    -^ *k*. ge«f.^ ^    N»
it you    care    to I Iiow.    You
"Not a  bit  of it
listen.   ] have
and as  I am
you at my mercy now,
n no sense talking for
effect, you may rest assured you are
getting unbiased statements. I realize
that a great many will disagree with
me, and this is natural, for if all had
been tutored in my school I presume
the world would h
tively unbearable
the growth of social wuarcny a more
pronounced awakening of the public
conscience and consequent remedial
action would have taken place. 1
know there must be a saving minority
somewhere, and I only wish I could
have found it, for I will say, honestly.
1 hold no especial ill-will toward any
I am not a dangerous man.    I
are a man if you do; yow
are a fool if you don't. That is the
logic and lash of the world today."
"Do you mean that such a standard
of life as you depict is held by all business men today?"
"I  would not say it is
Grocery Store */
Jasism Caries asd IM lasts
held by all
son   is   about    forty
years old and is a very good specimen
of physical manhood.   He is of Swedish     extraction,    but   is   thoroughly
Americanized, to all appearances.    By
profession he is both a musician and
an  engineer.    When  seen  last  night
he appeared to be anything but a man
who  could   so  recently     have   taken
human life, and    nothing but a well-
grounded    philosophy,   impressed   by
cold experience, could produce such a
condition of mind as this man  has;
and just here lies the impressiveness
of the matter when we consider how
many   others   beside   him   are   being
similarly  tutored.    In  substance   the
interview was as follows:
"Vou are Mr. Johnson, I
"Yes, sir;  that is
liam Johnson."      ^LijijfjijaBaTaTaTaliiiiifl
"You do not hesitate to confess to
the killing of Old    Man    Mills
"I couldn't swear what his name
was, but as this seems to have been
the only affair of the kind that happened last night, I guess there is no
use hunting any further for the culprit.    I confess the act."
"Vou understood the gravity of the
crime you were undertaking, did you
would not harm any one maliciously.
*  -' such a thing is
you give yourself
Down in Cold Blood Not a Block
From  His Own Door.
Mills,   Citizen    and     Banker,
Murdered and His Pockets
Picked-by a Bold Highwayman.
night, shortly after the hour of
ck, according to all  apparent
stances, Hiram Mills, president
savings bank of Mills & Sons,
urdered and robbed when less
block from his own door.   The
stances of this appalling affair
: but conjecture.   When the old
man failed to arrive at the usual
members of the family became
' about him, and about 8 o'clock
andson, Ellis Gray, who, with
other, is visiting at die Mills
was sent down the street in the
on the old gentleman usually
home, to see if he could ascer-
he whereabouts of  his   grand-
Thelad had not gone a block
ie came upon the body of the
n lying dead upon the sidewalk.
ve the alarm as quickly as he
but it was 9 o'clock before the
or coroner arrived.   It took but
|t investigation to show that the
lad been murdered and robbed.
id been shot through the head,
cath  must    have  been   instan-
18.   Everything of value on his
1    was    taken.     People in the
y say they remember of hearing
fired about 7.15 last night, and
went to their doors and looked
t heard no further disturbance.
(very probable,    however,    that
aused the death of Mr.  Mills.
were at once put on the search
, sir; provided I was not sharp
enough to evade capture, in which
event, had I secured enough money,
I might have married the old man's
daughter, if he had one, and grown
to be as honorable a man in the eyes
of modern society as he."
"Why,  then, did ^^^^^^
up     without     making    a    first-class
attempt to get away?"
"Because ,my friend, there is something in a dead man's blood that
awakens feelings in a man which are
not like everyday ideas of life; that is,
provided nothing else will do it, and
it never did with me."
"Do you  mean  by  that  that  since
your act of last niglit you have undergone   a   change   of   heart,
preacher would say?"
"Changes    of
wrought  ^^^^
I tried to escape and succeeded, I do
not know how deep an impression the
affair would have made on me. I
presume I am no exception, and I
guess I should have forgotten it soon.
But all men have their moods, and
moods are strange things when you
think about them. They have their
various aspects uncommon to one's
normal state or condition, and how to
account for them is beyond me. Well,
it was the mood, after meditating and
dreaming of the first murder I
committed, that caused me to
myself up and let the law and
courts end the affair. After
this, it is not a matter of mood, you
know. Changes of mood don't change
the condition then."
Why, the thought of
as' repugnant to me as it could possibly be to you.    1 am but a partially
developed    .student  of your    modern
business school, to which every other
school is subservient, those of politics,
law and religion not excepted.    That
school says get money.    Never mind
how, just get it.   If you get it you are
a good scholar; if you don't you're a
failure.    I   believe now  I  could  take
Old  Mills' money in any way about
as legitimately as he got a good share
of it, no doubt, and do more good for
society than  he  could    possibly    do.
Yes, I believe, that.   Others may disagree with me, and say that, anyhow,
I have no right to do it. Right! Bosh!
Is  the  question   of  right  ever  taken
into*consideration when a large institution wishes to force a smaller one
to do its will?    With a few millions
with which to do a few public-spirited
acts, a little worthy philanthropy along
lines not  likely to be thought of by
Mills, and how many would ever say
a word against my right to his money?
After   all   rights   are   determined   by
uses. But you wanted to know a little
of the teachings  which  have led  me
to these convictions.    I will tell you
some of them.    I  was born in  New
York. My parents were from Sweden.
I was never a loafer or a drinking man.
As a boy I was a worker, and had talents in more directions than one.    I
am both a musician and an engineer;
how efficient at either it does not matter now, but I will show you some credentials if you would like to see them.
Well, one of my first lessons in busi-
'* I men; that would be fallacious.   There
ve   been   post- | .,,.,. t.xcep,i011S( {,t)t tnc general tend-
except    that with : e       :„ overwhelmingly as I have stat-
)f social anarchy a more | cJ     ,f yog WM}U pfove j(> ,et mc tc„
yon how.    Study human nature so you
can approach all classes of business.
men and draw them into conversation 1
without arousing their suspicions   or
curiosity and at the same time without annoying them.    Then    do   your
best to find out what they know.    Let
me tell you that in the vast majority
of cases    their    art,    their    science,
their poetry, their religion, their politics, their very intellectual attainment
is twisted into the channel of money
getting, and they fail to see any good
in anything from which they can. not
wring 3 doilar.   Go down the whole
line, consult your bankers, your   big
merchants, yes, and your    attorneys,
and I won't except   your   preachers.
The two latter professions might.be
expected to have wider views in some
ways, but if they have they invariably
lack the moral courage to voice their
honest convictions    without   permission    from their masters.      But as a
rule you will find them possessed of
no art. no religion, no poetry, no philosophy, no politics, no anything   that
does not directly contribute to their
acquirement of wealth.   Earther than
this they will tell you    frankly    that
such    things   are   for   children   and
people of idle and   womanly   minds.
They will give you a sickly and ignorant grin if you ask them what they
know of the masters of science, literature and music.    They know nothing
about them and they do not manifest
any desire to know.   As I said, there
are exceptions, noteworthy and shining ones, as a matter of course, but I
am speaking of   the    vast    majority.
When you have found this to be true,
you will begin to ponder over   what
must be  the outcome or culmination
of it all."
"I should think so, if what you say
can be proven. But since you discourse so fluently, you must have a
panacea for all this.   Most men have."
"No; I am an exception to the rule.
I have no pet scheme of redemption.
In fact, there is no scheme, in my
opinion, which will avert a great crisis
in the not distant future. Society is
now in a state of absolute anarchy.
The loud-mouthed preservers of the
public peace are daily being proven
the most .dangerous element so far as
respect for or fidelity to the law-
concerned.    It   must
All tbe New* of An the World for All the
People til theTlaie.
Victoria (taneral Agent tor Th«
Also handles 'Frisco Sunday Call and >". Y.
Sunday t»erid.   Prompt and refnlar dally de*
livery service to subscribers. Leave word with
any new* dealer.
f. 0. tax 444
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Branch Store, 152 Govt. St.
W !•*.',
Appreciate tbe Beneits of
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K. R C Wm*
COMRADES, strike at the Ballot Bm
«a» Election Day, and be suse to
strike the
Rock Bay Hotel
J. g mi 7 STORE 5TRRBT
Imporler* and Dealers ia
nun, rno nay tut main
Ham, titti, titter, Efjt, V*t•teblts
Mail  Orders   Promptly  Attended  To.
When in Victoria
MNMtN tMi, ft*.^
sf '
New ami Stylish MHHiery
Up-to-date Fancy Dry Goods
f Re. • Casta St
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its ])a«M| j;
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Cltlhisi Mass ts Sfisr.
Fit Cssmttei.
17 Stare Stmt yicttna, S. C
ness was when I was a lad at school
I always worked all my snare time anH
my spare time and
in that  way  had accumulated a  nice
little sum of money for a boy.   I
induced with others of
Are You a Working Man
Are vou reeding anjrtnlng in Clothing
or Men's Fornlsalrg*, Hats. Cap*, Overalls, etc.   If so, see
87 Johnson St.,
Victoria, B. C
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Sail Evtrywhere. Uttea Haft.
18 Piston St      Vletttte, •* C. Vt
Colonial Bakery
> 29 Johnson St., Victoria. B. C.
Delivered to any part of the city.   A*k Driver
to ca!l.   'PHONE M9
MeCandless Bros. I Patronize   Clarion   Advertisers
heart    are
quickly as that;
as    the
and had
remain for the
saving minority, wherever it is—those
of all elements of the social life who
can sec the impending storm coming
—to get   together   now, at once, and
"Then you do not addict your decision to give yourself up to any well-
founded desire to make amends, at
least to conscience, for your crime?"
  schoolmates to nut my saving into a local
savings bank. Accordingly my little
store was exchanged for a deposit slip.
In six weeks the bank failed, and my
deposit slip was all I had. At this
time I had not read so much about
banks and business as I now have.
Much sympathy was expressed for the
.proprietor, and I, like   many   others,
felt it a sort of privilege to forgive I0rn, a nucleus for the reorganization
the poor man. But I saw the banker 0f society when the crash comes. In
many times after his alleged failure, this way what of'energy would other
and he still drovi his elegant horses j „jsc t,c spent in fighting and devasta
and rode in his splendid carriage. His | tion, or at least a portion of it, may
children were better dressed than I j be properly directed, and used to re-
ever dreamed of being, and I noticed construct society on a broader founda-
that in due time he left the place and \ tion—one wherein the mortal is more
was never heard of again. Fifteen ; valuable than his labor and its fruits
years later, and two years after my | "After all, my friend, is this not
marriage, 1 again got the idea that a j largely an individual matter? In
hank account was quite fashionable i or(jer t0 rjght jt must not the indi-
nnd accordingly deposited my little i vidua! discern that he is wasting his
fortune, about $800.    This time  I got j energies, and decide to devote himself
j to more leisure and  less  striving;  to
; say   t<>  the  seeming  urgent  demands
of business ,"Gct thee behind me;' as
for  ine,   J   will   henceforth   make   life
more of pleasure, and do things, not
.■cause 1 must, but because I love to
1   them."
a little bonk with the amount of the
deposit entered therein. I got no gilt-
edged lirst mortgage on real property
to secure me in the event of failure to
Had 1 asked for it
aughed at, and you
"If you ask that to put me in the
position of trying to create sympathy
in my behalf, I answer emphatically,
No.   I do not want sympathy.   I committed the crime solely to carry out
the ends of my business ambitions.   I
did not kill the   man for the mere
pleasure of taking life.   I wanted his
money, and    had he given it to me
quietly and without resistance, not a
hair  of  his  head    would  have   been
harmed.    The incident of taking his
life  was  secondary to the    business
consideration of getting money, and it
is so the world over.   Why am I, as
an individual, not as immune as the
class?    The business world  today is
based upon the same idea.    It recognizes no moral limitations whatever.
The gigantic commercial  institutions
do infinitely    worse    than  the mere
taking of a life occasionally.   If their
victims could be put out of society's
way, not half the evil would result;
but instead  they tutor untold  thousands in their soulless ethics and teach
them to prey upon society in just this
way.    They rob them, shackle them,
starve  them  and  their  families,  and
teach   them   nothing  but   the   natural
pay by the bank
I would have been
know how most people dislike to
laughed at.    This time my money remained for nearly two years and 1 had
added considerable  more  to  the  former sum.    This time I was older and
had given the subject more study.    1
found to my satisfaction that the proprietor had failed perfectly according
to law but  with plenty    of    separate
personal funds and accounts   to   tide
him along.    What could I do?   Nothing.     Since    then    I    have    worked,
thought and  read  enough    to    know
what   the   ideals of a business world
are.     'To   the    victors   belong   the
spoils,' sir, and  without qualification
of any kind.   After my later misfortune my luck went from bad to worse.
In four years my wife died, and I left
our little girl with her grandmother.
I have regularly sent money for her
support, and had hopes until lately of
getting a home and having her again
with mc.   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_
"But you do not pretend to say your
experience with  the  banks is  in any
sense a general one, do you?"
"I do not. I suppose it is rather unusual, but what of it? The illustration
is a likely one, and I want to tell you
that your holdup artists are made
from similar instruction. My experience began with institutions of sufficient standing to be called banks, but
nine-tenths of the criminals receive
the same schooling from thousands of
smaller concerns, which, being less
important, recognize less responsibility, and will stoop to anything to
make a dollar.    Hut  I need   not
is   a   pretty   theory,   and   no
doubt the proper one for all who can
afford   to  do  it.      But    what  of the
masses     who    are    forced   to   strive
every   waking   moment   for   enough
to      keep      soul      and      body      together?    They are criminals,  thieves,
anarchists,    if    they     take     without
ceremony    a    little    more    of    what
they    produce     than    it    has     been
stipulated they shall take.    But it is
all  right  for  the idle  manipulator to
retain, with legal impunity and without reciprocal action of any kind, all
but a mere pittance measured by the
actual need of the human stomach as
to food and the human body as to raiment.    As  for more than  this, that
would be luxury and does not belong
to a workingman."
While the  foregoing discourses of
a man now in prison for murder vaill
doubtless  fail  largely  to  find    lodgment in the minds of many people, it
is  nevertheless  impressive   for  more
reasons than one.   As pertains to one
very large field of human experience,
he speaks the unvarnished truth, but
of course he makes the same mistake
made by almost every one in thinking
his experiences have brought him in
contact with every possible condition
of society and every ambition of its
units.    But  the pathetic  side  of the
picture is the apparent fact that this
type of individual, under the almost |
' ' — ■    ■—— ■ -■— —   . ■     ■-  m •   -■ — ■-   —■■ -      ■ ■■■■   ■■ ■■■ ■ '——
Every person having weak eyes suffers more or less
from reflex.
The weakness in some eyes is not manifest in the eye
itself but by reflex symptoms in the more remote parts
of the body. Such as dyspepsia, biliousness, gastric
trouble, constipation, dizziness, etc. Nearly all forms of
headache and neuralgia are tbe direct results ,«f eye strain
or muscular trouble. You have tried drugs, and as they
failed, you believe there is no cure for you.
Now, you are in error, as# we can prove by the thousands of unsolicited testimonials received from all parts
of Canada, and can prove this to you in your own case
if you will give us a chance. *
Most patients who come to us as a last resort have
been cured by the removal of the cause, "eye strain."
You can also be cured if you will come. All we ask
is a fair chance to prove what glasses will do when compounded by us. It is reasonable to suppose that when no
organic disease exists there should be no dyspepsia, constipation, biliousness, dizziness or any other trouble, and
there would be none if the eyes were normal and able to
perform their functions of seeing without strain.
If you have tried medicine without results, your symptoms cannot be the results of disease. This- proves conclusively one of two things: That your trouble is either
caused from your eye's, or that there is nothing in the
science of medicine.
It is a well known fact among eye specialists that
eye strain produces nervous exhaustion, and as our life
depends upon our nerve supply, you will see what effect
nerve leakage will have upon our health. Take nerve tonics to built! up your nerves? But how is that possible if
the nerve exhaustion is in excess of your restorative? It
is no criterion if you have consented and had glasses from
twenty oculists and opticians without results. Optometry
i-i a young profession, and few men in Canada have had
the experience and training that our specialists have had.
We are teachers of the highest branch of optometry, we
can diagnose yntir case, describe your symptoms from an
examination of your eyes without asking you a question
or obtaining a history of your case.
Each department of our eye institution is in charge
of a competent specialist. To obviate delay and possible
error, we are installing a perfectly equipped Lens Grinding plant.
Our Dr. Ure will have charge of the prescription department, and will inspect all glasses that we turn out.
Dr. Jordan will continue in charge of the Clinical Department, where all complicated cases will receive his
personal attention.
The Great West Optical Co., Ltd.
334 Hastings Street,
Vancouver, 8. C.
Da. Jordan, President Dk. J. G. Urk, Secretary
in a position to speak his honest mind
concerning conditions which do confront the world. It is to be earnestly
hoped that the leaven, to which this
condemned man refers as the saving
minority, will so leaven the public
conscience as to cause an awakening
along  these  lines,  which  may avert
certain shadow of the gallows, is one) what certainly seems to be a pending
of the very few specimens of the hell-1 storm of terrible    magnitude.— Ty
iy 'bound society which he depicts who isl graphical Journal.
When the workers of Galicia, Austria, went on strike recently demanding the eight-hour day, the bosses
graciously offered to compromise by
granting a sanitary water supply.
A preacher in his sermon intended
to say the devil    was the father of
liars. By a slip of the tongue he said
lawyer^. The mistake was so small,
however, that he did not correct it.
i 1
; 1!
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Dr«p in and see our splendid assortment
of reading matter. Try our book
exchange. Return two old books and
receive one new one.
II and 14 Arcade.      32S Abbott Street
Mail orders promptly attended to
I Burns & Co. j
Second Hand Dealers.
•largest  ami cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom Chains, Augers, Loggers'
Jackets, etc.
Must reduce stock in next sixty
Remember the place
101 Powell Street
1578       Vaacoavir, I. 6.
course if the*SVorking class electorate
much longer permit these people to
s;-.: pend al! useful activities. When
our lady of leisure arises at noon she
pel forms no useful labor, but spends
the hours in anting and dressing and
visiting and reading the society items
in the daily papers, where her name
sometimes appears. She is particularly "nasty" in her treatment of the
maid  when she    has    just read that
"Mrs, —  entertained    the    whist
club at slipper last evening" It
makes her feel so superior, and so
ote from the time when she sold
THE WESTERN OL/ ^m VAN00Tjm fc, d;
Best of Everything
"Had it not been for the      .   .
action   of  the    federal        ' a"mirab!c „ w
Chicago would have s,      government, JIN    HOF-WEATHER    FURNISHINGS
of  what occurred    ?    *.n a r,ePetition j
T     junng the   Paris Negligee Shirts, 50c to ft.50.
.tlinois would have' Underwear, every kind, 25c to % 1.50.
fierce social war     It i attractive Hosiery, 10c up.
xtnnate thing that' the' SeUslall.s°«8 .neather, 50c to Ji.oo.
.ashington    was so quick
Commune, while
been torn by a
was a most f
action at V
111(1     SO     CI*    "*^****B*************************H(*****************************l***********la***fll
\».^_„„     -iphatic.    The president and
Attorne      _r .     r.\ .j       .1
1     .jr-General    Olney acted  with
.' '   . wisdom  and  courage,  and   the
uger was averted.
''Every  true  American,  every  man
(Continued from page I.)
There are three classes of -womea-l
whose lives may be revolutionized
by the application of Socialism to the
economic affairs of the nation, women
of • the leisure class, women wage
workers, and women home makers.
To dispose of the least important
first—the women of the leisure class.
I will show you a type, a woman in
Vancouver—perhaps I ought to call
her a lady, since she lives in the west
end, but she once earned her bread by
honest work, so 1 will allow her to be
dignified by the name of woman. Her
husband is a slave-owner—oh, yes,
there are slaves in Vancouver, men
who have to find a master each day
before they can earn bread for themselves or their wives and little ones.
The husband of this typical woman
is a master with absolute power over,
but no responsibility towards, his
wage-slave. He may turn him away
to shift for himself tomorrow, and
what is more pitiful than a slave without a master, and no corn-cake or
bacon until he can find one.
This master has overseers to look
after the slaves and see that they do
not shirk the work he wants them
to do so he need not rise in the morning, but lies in bed until noon, and
she, this typical woman of the leisure
class, lies also in bed until the day
has reached its meridian, notwithstanding the fact that two infant
children owe their being to her and
should have her care. The maid-of-
all-work performs as well as she can
the maternal duties.
She rises at five in the morning,
and hangs out a wash of baby linen
before the average working man with
his eight or nine-hour day, has risen
from his bed. At seven she bathes,
dresses and feeds the two .infants,
after which she is at liberty to sweep,
dust, polish grates, etc., until it is time
to prepare breakfast for her mistress,
her mistress' husband and his brother,
who is also an inhabitant of the house.
At nine o'clock she carries three well-
laden trays to the bedrooms of these
perfectly healthy, presumably competent members of society. I have not
yet learned that she spoon-feeds
them,  but  this    will    follow   in   due
remote from the time wiien sue soia 1     *»■»,„  fr„„   a_a.j„„_
bargains over the counter of a depar- , , ^f!"Jg»"* Amer •«*"v£»W  man
e ,,       . ... 1      a  1 w*»v  minks and  who. it wie occasion
mem store.   Har..chddren-unplea—J come    fa re '     may do wcl"
nranntt    111    hrr      nari-iir    that      u    ..    j '     . '..!**   u"   "L"
The No. 1 Branch Studio for Canada is
ever the Imperial Bank, Victoria, B. C.
No quarterly fees. No attending Classes.
Ko books to buy. ~So totally different to all
(Late   Special   Reporter     British   Houses   of
Ix>rds  and Commons  and  War Correspondent
tn the  Kast. and one of the Seven  Inventors
ot the 20th Century Shorthand.)
Can  your  Shorthand   be  learned  as  well
by  post as at  your   Studio?    YI'.S
Can a person of ordinary intellect master
it in  six weeks    YES
I* it accepted by Government Offices the
world  over?    YES
Do you  give a certificate  of competency
on completion ?   YES
Do you    supply a   lesson    book   lo each
pupil? YES
Shall I be competent to write a shorthand
incidents in her career that wouid
^have been avoided had she f^n. as
(wise as many of her associates—serve
to amuse her when s'je is in a good
temper and when Ciey are not cross.
When they are they are sent to the
kitchen to the maid, who also takes
them for an. airing each pleasant
What would Socialism do for this
woman? It would put her in a position where she could not shirk" the
useful work that should naturally fall
to her to perform. It would cause her
to cultivate a spirit of fraternity and
equality, for, under a system where
kindness and co-operation form the
only basis of exchange, the individual
who would be served in one capacity
must bC willing to serve in another
and service that no longer can be
bought or commanded must be obtained by mutual fellowship and goodwill. '
To convert this useless, ill-bred
and supercilious creature, living in
luxury and idleness off the toil of her
fellows, into a real woman, joyfully
sharing in the productive labor of the
world is one of the things that socialism may do—if you so desire.
The second type of woman who may
be benefitted by socialism is the wage-
worker. We find her in the kitchen of
my lady of leisure, as well as in the
store, the factory, the office, the laundry, the tailor-shop, 'the millinery-
room, the restaurant, the sweat-shop
and the mill. Driven out of what is
her acknowledged sphere of activity—
the home, these women are rapidly
learning to consider themselves factors in tni world's industrial problem,
and to question why they who do the
world's work should be barren of the
things their labor produces while the
other woman who does nothing has
more than is good for her.
hese women are not the ones
whom capitalism befools with its
hypocritical cry: "Socialism will destroy the home." They know, and so
do the men who lead an existence that
vibrates between a cheap boarding
house and a hand-out on the road—
that the home for seven-tenths
of our people is already destroyed.
The male wage-worker, reduced to an
uncertain, precarious subsistence,
where even his union cannot guarantee him anything beter than a perennial hunt for a job, will not, if he is
self-respecting, take upon himself the
responsibilities of a home. Therefore
marriage, as an institution for the support of woman, is proven a failure.
Love may arise between the sexes
that should naturally lead to a union,
but thwarted by economic uncertainty- ends eicher in disappointment and
despair or in illicit intercourse that
debases woman and gives to society
its "social evil," over which municipal
governments are so concerned—when
the property interests of the community demand such concern.
The women wage-earners are only
just beginning to think on these
things. When they see women of
fifty, sixty and even seventy years of
age. still in the* wage market, still
forced to sell their too-feeble labor
power for a scanty living; the expectation with which they entered the industrial field, of eventually leaving it
for a home, grows very dim. and
when this natural expectation is
proven to be without hope of realization, the woman worker too becomes
a rebel with her brother man against
the existing order of tilings. She is,
in the indsutrial life, finding out that
she has a problem too, and that its
solution is the same as that of the
working man. Socialism will give her
a free womanhood, freedom to love
to ponder upon the evil wrought by
the lawlessness of the disorderly
classes when once they are able to
elect their chiefs to power. If the
govrnment generally got into the
hands of such men as Altgeld, the
republic would go to pieces in a year,
and it would be right that it should
go to pieces, for the election of such
men shows that the people who
elected them are unfit to be entrusted
with self-government."
New Neckwear, just in, 35c to 75c.
Ym art Expected if You Want the Best
A purchase is not necessary when you
come here. This is a store where all are
free to come when they please, examine,
question and admire, and go when they
Successors to the Palace Clothing House
til Csrdiva Stmt
When sending in subs, state whether such are new ones or renewals.
In case of renewals the change of
number on address slip will acknowledge the renewal. Watch for it and
if it docs not occur, notify us.
Clarion subscribers already on the
list will be filled at the old rate. But
watch the label number on your
paper. When it tallies with the
paper number on first page, renew
C  PETERS  Pr,c!,c"1 BM|
aad Shoe Maker
IlRiid-Mude Boots and Shuts to order in
all stylet.   Repairing promptly and neatly done.     Stock   of staple  rcndy-iiiude
Shoes always on hand.
I4S6 WetlaiMttr Ave.      Mssst Plusast.
1. Edward limn. A. C. Bxydojuack,
tiKO. E. McObossak.
Railway Block.   Tel.
431 Nattiest Stmt     •
P. O. Box 932.
Visctivir, I. C
The above from the pen of Theodore Roosevelt, written just after the
A. R. U. strike of 1894, we clip from
the columns of the Iowa Socialist.
Kvery person at all familiar with the
history of the Paris Commune of 1871,
knows the most striking feature of
that affair to have been the brutal
slaughter of more han 50,000 of the
very flower of the Parisian working
class, who were guilty of no other
crime than that of endeavoring to incorporate into the municipal life of
Paris some of those ' politico-economic Meas which promise to make
for the social and industrial betterment of the workers. They were
within their rights in so doing, by
virtue of having captured the reins of
municipal government at the polls.
After declaring the Commune, which
meant   virtually   self-government   for 	
Paris, and    along the  line  of  those , ■
principles upon which the freedom of L-. *..„,. i,,ct;t-t- electro
labor depends, it is most notoriously !**«•"• Magnetic MSlllMe MAGNETIC
a iarr that thi>*r workinc m»n , ,v : «nd Vlteopathit-Tr< atment Brinsinead Blk.,
a  tact  tnat  tnese  worKing  nun  «s"> - (Cord0va «ieet,    'Phone 10R5.
erned the city for two months, dur- j 	
ing which the minions of the brutal i
Thiers government of France poured '
their shells into the devoted city unceasingly, and resorted in their efforts
to crush this uprising of the revolts !
tionary  workers,   to  acts  of fiendish
brutality that would bring the blush
of shame to the cheeks of a savage.
Paris was never so free from crime
either before or since as during the
two months of the Commune, barring
such as committed by the Thiers soldiery after having entered  the city's
gates.    Eventually overpowered, they
were ruthlessly slaughtered as above
stated.    Those     who    escaped   were
driven out of the country or sent to
penal colonies.   There was nothing in
the strike of 1894 in any manner resembling the affair of the Commune.
The   strikers of 1894 made no threat
of seizing   the   reins of government,
much less any attempt to do so.   In
no way did they threaten vested interests.
Roosevelt's words must therefore be
taken as an intimation that had the
strike not been broken by Cleveland's
action in sending federal troops to
Chicago, the alternative would have
been another slaughter of working
men such as occurred at the downfall
of the Commune.
Read in the light of recent events
in Colorado under the ar'-ninistration
of men of the Roosevelt type, it could
not well be considered other than a
threat  as  to what  the      ...„.,
expect if they dare make any move
which threatens the rule of capital.
Let none be so foolish as to be led
away with the idea that the American
ruling class is less brutal in instinct
than the French ruling class proved
itself to be in   1871
For a Union Express
Call on Heywood Bros.
Telephone   1-3-54
To All Practical Sympathizers,—
At the Vancouver Local S. P. B. C.
business meeting a campaign committee on finance was elected to collect funds for the coming Dominion
The committee have now to announce that they are in order to
receive monies for that purpose.
All sums received will be acknowledged in the columns of the Clarion.
Arrangements have been made
whereby monies for the above may be
paid in at the office of the Clarion, 313
Cambie street. Less amounts than
one dollar may be sent in postage
stamps. British, Canadian and
United States stamps received.
Communications re above, address
box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Secretary Campaign Committee.
foolish they are quite likely to be
rudely awakened to their folly in the
near future.
Com. Ernest Burns was the speaker
in Sullivan Hall, at last Sunday even-
workers mayi'"Ks educational meeting, his subject
being "Socialism and Ethics." There
was a fair crowd, the address was an
interesting one, and the discussion
which followed instructive. E. T.
Kingsley will be the speaker to-morrow (Sunday) evening, while Com.
If they are  so I Pettipiece  will  conduct   the  open-air
unashamed,  to work  honorably    and .
j to become a co-partner in the building   -*,a">' °'  the _ .
I ,„■ a true },oim. I employment, for months, some Of them
Now. I come to the third type    of j ,K,t having had an engagement since
; woman: the home-mother, the wife of the Iroquois fire. Such desperate
the average wage-slave. She, I con- »,rails wcre ma"y oi .,hem '" that '"
aider most important of all, most in   tt,e,r eagerness  to  seize th.   ,ov«t..l
The daily    press  of August    nth
reports that: "After a heated discussion, the convention of the  Interna-
| tional Typographical Union today rejected a proposition that subordinate
- - -    ■ "'"- j unions shall not allow proprietors to
recently,  more  than   1.000 responded I w .)rk a, t,u. tra(icaml prohibiting union
Many Ol  the  girls   had  been  out  of 1 nlcrnoers frnm       ' "'
When   a  call   was  made    for    2$o
girls at
was   ^^^^^^^^^^
a big Chicago theatre
.....   ... ,  ,   ....,...,. .00  •-,  an,  most in,--"   --•«»«■   w -ewe  me  coveted
need of what socialism will do for her, 1 opportunity of employment the affair..
rm«t n~A-<* »~ ■>" —«-_» -« *    'soon dveloped into a regular not, out
most needed to do what she can for
socialism, for her domestic  influence
assisting in any work
being performed by proprietors.
Another attempt to have the
amount of money allowed for the
burial expenses of deceased members
increased from $70 to $100, was voted
of which the stage    manager bareiy I     "h w»s vo,e(l to increase the salary
vfc   •    , •          -W-.V.I.V   iiniuciitc 1 ---   •---  -.-b^     '"°"«*o   irareiy j       •» "»= »oicu 10 increase me saiar-
Anrmake'nVtes^'fieVW'thiVd'ieiJonvlYES1!5 V"" m.ore poU'nt than that wielded , escaped with his life.   "Some of their   of the president and  secretary-treas
All  good nuke, ot  Typewriting  Machine*, I by htT s,ster ln industry.    She thwarts I Tories are pitiful," said the manao-er: I urer from $1,800 to S:em  Th- —»♦.
teaching and  selling-   ' ■—  --^   *-—*—
^^^^^^^^^^^ learning and buying.
MR. NORTON PRINTZ will be in attendance to give Personal Tuition at Victoria, B. C,
jtagil end of August; at Vancouver, H. C,
<jR*jn September 1st to end of October, and at
Winnineg, Man., to end of year 1904, and so
throughout Canada.
The fee for the full course to completion is
$40.00, payable a* follow*:—
$1.00 for each of the twenty lesson* (or $16
in  advance),  without  being  called   upon   for 1 ,,        . : .. ■-   --  -—   ...~....>w.tj, ,,
further payment, unless: [ thc>  "ad the power, but such a broad
The pupil find* he or »he, can learn the j summary is not satisfactory to the
ayitcm within six weeks, and IS SATISFIED : feminine mind Women are hv no.
KJ   EVERY  WAY,  then  the balance  of  the   ' ...      "  ..   '     V0me",   ar?.   b>Lna
full fee, viz., $80.00, shall be paid on receiv : turc immediate demanders. They
ing the last lesson and obtaining* certificate; want something now. or at !ea<t verv
of competency from Mr. Norton Printx at any    .  ,-   ..        , ■    , . . ''    cl>
•f the Studios.   Po*tal pupil* cannot do better ' uennite  plans   and    specifications    of
«*i»n *rudy_tbis system by themselves, and then ; the new social structure that is to be
final instruction from Mr. Nonon prim..!.    ..
or encourages her husband's aspira- j »ome ot ,hem „h"ve bec" without
tions towards emancipation and she I t,10"Sh. to eat a» summcr- And yet
moulds the minds of the generations i "' the ,ace of such circumstances there
yet to come ' are ,nose w"° will  turn their hypo-
It would be comparatively easy to critical face- toward heaven, and with
sum it all up in the sentence :-Social-11}!ous  unc,,on . Prate    abo.ut    v,rtuc-
. ism would do al! for    these    women ! L"dLer the ter"bIe e,conom,c Press"»
that they would do for themselves if i "f tne ,,m"'. the only wonder is that
a shred of virtue is still left in existence.
urer from $1,800 to $2,500. The matter
was  referred  to  the  referendum  for
final action."
The generosity thus displayed in
granting permission to the proprietor
to work in his own shop without being
discriminated against lis commend-,
able in the extreme. The further
I action mentioned tends to confirm the
old adage that it's better to be a live
"skate" than a "deceased member."
1.1,.,   m. d.311111 uy luciimctvvs. ana men
have final instruction from Mr. Norton PrinU.
 .ruction from Mr. Norton PrinU, [ .    ■, •""-.«.  »""<
if   necessary.     Over   twenty     thousand   postal I Dtlllt   :n   tne     tuttire
we   must I
pupils   have  fully  learned  the  s>stem   without I specify
one personal interview, among whom are Gov- |      .,.,   J\. . . •■
arnor*. Lord Justices,   Judges   and   Pleaders,:      » "e drudgery of housework  is    al-
gg>gg;^°°°*L'^f.. ft"!?'   Poli«-   Cttf   most  totally  unnecessary        As   Mrs
totaa, Reporters and Clerk*.   The youngest was 1 c- . •.   , V>        •>•       'ns   -«rs.
aged 1SH, the oldest 82, and both successful. 3,"ionB has said: Domestic service i«
Popil No. 24001, Victoria. B. C, »ay*:— | still in the dark ages, and all the in-
"It  ia  really  most  wonrjeriul  and  reliable ! ventions   of  science  have     dnn»   v*rv
and   its   use  will  always  be  of  the   gre«te»t ! i:..i- «-- ..      ™ "     -   -    -   00ne   ver>
enjoyment to me.    I find it quite a pleasant
study after ten days' teaching, and I can quite
easily write over "SO
■very much pleased."
words a  minute.     I   am
The aoth Century Shorthand,
;.  .      P. O. Box 176, Victoria, B.
little for the work of the home." This
is because woman has been asleep, and
It may remain so for :\ge>. even under
Socialism, unless she awakens from
her slumber and seizes her rightful
Share in the progress that is being
(Concluded next week.)
Vancouver  Co-operative  Association
532 Westminster Avenue
Telephone 1734 W. J. Andrews, secretary
A Inion Step aid Eadorsed by Every I own ia Vancoaver
Wholesale and Retail
Piano Dealers
will:have something to say op
interest to every worker's
home, in the next issue.
don't forget the
4(0   Hastings   Street
who desire to promote the   publicity of  their
business should use the advertising columns- of
The Western  Clarion
Readies Over 2,000 Wage-earners Weekly
You should subscribe for and read The Clarion.
Its columns are open to you; it voices your
interests alone ; it fears nothing but the sheriff,
and can only look to you for support	
My magazine i.s now on a paying basis. That is.
I am taking in as much money as I am paying out. a
condition that has not existed since I established Wil-
shire's Magazine. It took $100,000 in cold cash to
put it there, but it's there.
The comrades who know me know I have no
desire to make money, but that I only desire to make
Socialist Propaganda.
What is the best way to do this ?
I have given it a great deal of thought and have
decided that the best way is to take into partnership
with me 5,000 socialists who are as earnest as I am
With their active assistance I can do many times more
than I can now.
But, few socialists have any  money  to invest'
Very well, if I can get the men I want I'll give
them the stock free—but on one condition.
If you */ant to know what tbe condition i», write me now
and I'll tell you bow to get a fio snare of hit stock, with
voting privilege, on which I will guarantee 5 per cent, annual
Don't delay; this offer is limited.
Wilshire's Magazine,'New York, N.Y.
125 EA8T 23R0 8TRIET
^ " *"MMMMMT *^'T^F#####♦## + + # + *$♦♦♦"<
H Do Tou Want Hie Best of ETervlliing
i :   We8e"theVcrrBe«iB^way of Light at Prices that Cannot be Bea'
ij   The Nernst Electric Lamp
ii ^^^ttas-«--	
i| B. C. Electric Railway Co., ""Vfig,,*,.?"


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