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The Western Clarion Mar 11, 1905

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i   ?     MAR 13 1905
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
HIS is     Oil
.uass* Oils
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, March ii, 1905.
subscription Price
Socialist Party oi Canada tt Clear tkt Way lor Fataro Progrm
leaking   from   tho   standpoint   of
usefulness, there is but one use-
rlass in human society.    That is
working class.    This is not only
.. now, but was always so.    They
tin feed, clothe   and   shelter human
Icieiy alone make its existence pos-
|»le.     Ipon   their  backs  are  borne
burden of civilization,
■'or centuries the working class has
en an enslaved class.    Bearing up-
its back the burden of civilization,
has  been allowed  but  a meagre
trticipation   in   civilization's   bene-
The workers have fashioned the
lourccs  of   tho earth into  the  fin-
lied  product,   not  for     their     own
enfort  nnd  well  being,  but for the
in},  aggrandizement  und power of
frilling class.    Though their puwer
produce wealth is today greater
un ever before,  their lives are but
continued round of toil, drudgery,
Iverty    and    misery.      The     more
lullh they produce, the deeper they
}k in the quagmire of poverty, and
more uncertain becomes their ten-
upon the means of sustenance.
Iliat.we nre approaching an era of
l|ieU(lous change and Upheaval    in
(nrd   to   social   and   industrial   in-
t ut ions, mi careful student of cur-
It  events   will   dare  dispute.     The
mutually        increasing        pressure
bught   to   bear   upon   the   workers
oiigh   the   high   development    and
tiriiions   concentration  of capital,
[creating such an  ocean of unrest
il discontent  among them that its
lume must  in  the near future ex-
pss itself in a flood tide of revolu-
that will sweep from its foundu-
Ins  the  structure  of capitalist  softy   and   make   way   for   the    next
lge in human progress.    What that
lge   must   be   is   indicated    by   the
fcsent  or capitalist mode of wealth
blind ion  itself.
fy   the   very     nature    of     present
alth  production and  the character
the tools anil implements nseil in
frying it  on,  it   is purely a social
{collective process.    That  is.  men
(nliice the wealth necessary to sot-
| thi'ir needs by working together,
jtly or collectively, each individual ng his small  part or share in
great    process     of    making     nil
»gs.    This collective or social pro-
lion  is  more absolutely  such    us
tools  or   machineries  of  proiliic-
become   more   highly   developed,
nplirated  anil  powerful.     To  such
tage has this n I ready been carried
the   labor   of   the   individual   is
ppletely merged  into that, of the
pie.     The   labor   of   one  can     no
;er be separated from that of all.
result of  the labor  of all   is the
|i   lotal   of   the   wealth   produced.
js the social  or collective product
I social  or collective labor.
is  safe  to  say  that   this  social
collective power to produce wealth
sufficient  to  make il easily  possi-
to produce enough to satisfy tho
Isonahle wants of every individual,
Ihout  the hours of labor being ex-
lively  long.     That   such  a happy
lilt is not obtained at the present
is due to one fact alone.    There
tit   one   obstacle   in   the   way   of
a "consumation devoutly to be
Ihed."     That obstacle is capitalist
Iperty in the merits of wealth pro-
It ion.
lapitnlist   property  is  not.  private
Iperty.     Neither  is     it   collective
Jperty,  using the term  to  include
of  the people.     It  is  class  pro-
ty,   a  stage  of  property   between
iviilunl and collective.     Capitalist
iperty  belongs    to    the    economic
jts in human society known as the
titnlist  cluss.     The benefit arising
pi property must of necessity ac-
to its owners.    With the owner-
of the means of wealth produc-
in  the hands of the capitalists
number but a small proportion
I he whole people, it stands to roa-
thnt   all   of  the  benefits arising
in such property must of necessity
I to them as the owners.    Owning
this property it logically follows
that they must perforce own the
thing's ' produced by its operation.
This is exactly what occurs under
tho present property regime, and
there lies the reason for working
class poverty alongside of enormous
wealth production. The workers
have no control over the things they
produce, because the means of production (resources of ihe earth and
machinery) are not their property.
Tho things they socially or collectively use, and must so use or
starve, held us class property, become the means of their enslavement.
The gigantic machinery of production of today instead of being an aid
to the comfort und welfare of mankind is, under capitalist class ownership, inerel.v a huge lever whereby
that class squeezes an enormous
stream of profits from the flesh, bone,
blood anil marrow of the only useful portion of human society—the
working class.
Much is class ownership of social
things.    Such is capital.
My sophistry, pious declamation
and specious argument, does thu
press, pulpit and professor attempt
to apologize for capitalist property,
justify its existence und give it divine sanction. Without the state to
establish its legality, protect and
defend it, it would fall to the ground
instantly. Government is the instrument of capitalist property today,
as it was one time the instrument of
feudal or chattel-slave property: its
purpose in each case that ot holding
the slaves in economic bondage to
the masters.
The wage slaves of today have the
franchise in nt least some countries.
They are beginning to intelligently
tug at their chains. They are getting to understand that their bondage is due to Ihe fact, of class ownership of the things upon which they
depend for a living, and that this
class ownership is maintained solely
by the power of government, or the
state. Awakening to the fact of possessing political pover ihey are coming to see that by the use of thut
power they may deliver themselves
from economic bondage by using it
to legally strike down capitalist
ownership Of the means of wealth
production, und legalize in its steail
the social or collective ownership
thereof, thus making the ownership
conform to the method of production.
Thnt is why the Socialist Tarty of
Canada springs into existence. Under its banners the workers of the
Dominion intend to peacefully and
legally brush aside the obstacle of
capitalist property and make of
Canada the home of a free people.
A people free because they till the
soil, weave, forge and spin for themselves to enjoy, and not for the luxury, pomp, splendor and profit of a
useless class. That is the mission
and purpose of the Socialist Party
of Canada.
Mrs,   Irene    Smith,  of  Tacoina,   Addresses Large Audience.
floats    Within    Kasy  Keoch  of   the
liig Capitalist Concerns.
The voters of Kansas are running
wUd-eai. There is no telling where
tney  will  stop.—Xew   York  Tress.
We knew thnt at least a large number of the "voters of Kansas" were
job chasers, but we never heard it
called "running wild-rat" before.
Presumably they will stop when they
catch  one.
Another great railroad strike is
brewing in Italy. A congress of
1,800 delegates has recently been
held in Milan to consider the question and it is more than probable
thut the men will be called out. As
the roads are owned by the State it
means a conflict between the workers
anil the Government as there is a
certainty of the troops being used at
There are amongst us those who
believe, or pretend to, that the Socialist movement is dead. If any
such were curious enough to visit the
City Hall last monday evening, lor
the pin nose of viewing the corpse,
they were afforded a splendid opportunity to disillusion themselves. Far
from being dead, it is not even drowsy, but very real; very live; very ne
gressive,  nnil—growing fast.
The lurge auditorium was packed
to the doors, and the big audience
frequently testified its approval of
and its concurrence with the views
expresseil by tho speaker in prolong-
nnd hearty bursts of applause.
Comrade A. .1. Wilkinson occupied
the chair and in n nent. speech introduced Mrs. Irene Smith, of Tacomn,
who without hesitation pulled the
veil off capitalism and exposeil in all
their horror the deformities of the
present  social  system.
Profit is tho keynote of capitalism
—its only function—all its energies
were bent in perfecting its methods
of wringing surplus values out of the
bodies of the workers. We had but
to look n short way back into the
past to note great concentration in
industry, and see the vast improvement, in machinery, but under capitalism the only reason for this has
been to enable the capitalists, by
dispensing with labor, to lessen the
cost of production, thus adding to
their profits. When it was found
that little children could operate
some of the machines installed nnd
that, child labor was cheaper than
adult labor, thefnther was discharged nnd the child took his job. Why?
Because it added to the profits of
the master class.
People wen; prone, even some calling themselves Socialists, to point
out individuals prominent in the
world of industry and hurling ana-
nthemus at them. She decried any
thing of that nature. These capitalists were only doing what the system permitted; nay more, compelled
them to do. "And f would do the
same thing under similar circumstances." said Mrs. Smith, "nnd T
would be a silly goose if I did not."
The working clnss constituted 85 per
cent, of the people, and because they
voted into the hands of the other 15
per cent, the power to rontrol industry, thus enabling them to skin
the workers, they were "a tot of
silly geese, anyhow."
Mrs. Smith warned the working
class against "reforms." It was like
trying to stop the growth of a tree
by breaking olT n branch. It would
grow another. You must uproot the
tree. Reforms could do nothing—
they only dealt with effects. To he
successful you must, remove the
Christianity, too. had failed In its
mission, because it, ascribed to individual depravity what was really due
to a rotten social system, and wasted its efforts trying to pull some of
the wrecks from the river of destruction, instead of fencing the spot
where they fell in.
For over two hours Mrs. Smith,
with the skill of an anatomist,
pointed out the defects in the existing system, anil appealed to the
workers to apply the remedy which
was in their hands alone, impressing
on them that it was useless to depend on the capitalists to give it to
♦ hem.
The platform was at the service of
non-Socialists nt the close of the
lecture, but they wptp content to ask
a few questions, which were satisfactorily answered.
If the Japanese succeed in forcing
Kuropatkin's complete defeat, it will
doubtless have a marked effect in
speeding the revolutionary movement
in Russia. Anything tending to lessen the prestige of the autocracy
can but give additional impetus to
the revolution.
According to the Victoria Times
"the great railway systems of Canada share in tho buoyant prosperity
of the country." As proof of this
it cites the case of tho Grand Trunk,
which reports the net plunder of the
half year, ending December 81, 1904,
to be £034,700. This was the tidy
sum left after tho "working expenses"  were paid.
"Huojant prosperity" is good. It
must oi necessity have a pleasing
sound lo thu employes of the Grand
Trunk, out of whose hides this huge
plunder was wrung. It will be readily seen by those who care to enquire
that the other shares of "buoyant
prosperity" were enjoyed by the remaining capitalist concerns who hold
control over Canadian industries.
The workingmen of the Dominion,
whether in mine, mill, smelter, lumber camp, or upon the farm enjoyed
such "buoyant prosperity" as indicated bv an ever-lowering wage, out
of which by the exercise of rare
judgment, they wore able to eke out
nn existence for the half year.
The prosperity of employers is determined by the magnitude of the
plunder they nre enabled to get out
of the sweat of their employes. To
the extent the masters enjoy "prosperity," either "buoyant" or of the
ordinary brand, do the workers
joy" the opposite of it.
Such papers, however, speak truly
enough. Being but the mouthpieces
of capitalist, property, they could
not be expected to take note of a
prosperity tbat does not strictly appertain to the class which owns, and
benefits by such property. True to
their instincts as spokesmen of capitalism,they voice the conditions,ei(hoi
prosperous or  otherwise,  as express
Brought Forward la Cloar ni Sooclio Maaair
Some few months ago the proprietors of Heynoid s Newspaper invited
Mr. H. M. Hyndinan, tne founder of
the British Social-Democratic Federation, to prepare a series of questions on Socialism, and oiler prizes
of two guineus und one guinea for
the best set of answers, Mr. Hynd-
man consenting to act as judge.
In muKiiig his award, Mr. 11} adman wrote: "l have been surprised
ut the very large number of competitors in this competition, who have
given correct answers to the most
important and most ditllcuilt questions. This, which 1 confess is contrary to what 1 expected, has rendered my work much harder than it
.would have been had less knowledge u"nd capacity been generally
Uo select a few of the best answers
:by   one  of  the   winning  contestants.
Question 1. What is meant when
Socialists suy that they seek to obtain the ownership and control of
Jill the great instruments of production, distribution and exchange by
aud in the interest of the whole people V
What Socialists mean is that the
mines, the machinery, and all instruments incidental to the present me-
on" , thods of capitalist production, instead of being owned, controlled and
worked in the interest of the capitalist aud landlord class, who are in
the minority, to the detriment of the
working class, who are in the majority, should, by legal enactment,
become collective property,' controlled and worked by, and in the interest of the whole people'.
Question -. Why is the demand
oil iii the balance sheets of grJat tor-/that thu individual laborer himself
porations.    If the balance shows up-   -should  obtain  the full  value of.  his
on the right side "prosperity" exists and it may even be dubbed
"buoyant. If, however, it shows up-;
on the wrong side, things are In a
bad way indeed. The huge combinations of capital loom up in the vision of these servile "penny-a-liners"
as the whole thing, which in reality
they nre from the standpoint of the
present system of property. Prosperity cannot exist except it apply
to such concerns. That sort of prosperity is the kiwi referred to by capitalist papers generally.
Let the workers learn that their
prosperity is not included in that of
capitalist concerns. They are a negligible quantity. Their mission as
■wage slaves of capitalism is to uncomplainingly coin their sweat into
"prosperity" for capital. They are
not entitled to any themselves.
The present "buoyant prosperity"
is heaven for the capitalist class
which has it, but hades on the working class which pays for it.
In West lloboken. New .lersey, recently an insurance agent desiring to
send out a large number of circulars
advertised for men to address envelopes at SI.25 per day. The "ad."
requested applicants to call at 11
o'clock a.m. A number of applicants
besieged the building before its doors
opened in the morning, and by 10
o'clock tne corridors and elevators
were SO full that the police had to be
called upon to repel the besiegers.
The insurance man succeeded in
capturing the fifteen men he required.
One mun who was qualified to write
asking for a job in four, or make
verbal application in six languages,
was much "put out" because his application failed. He was in consequence "put out" by the police, thus
being "put out" in a double sense.
Great is prosperity, and the occupation of the "job hunter" is as
"strenuous" anil full of excitement
as that of a dog hunting wood-
by the cost of food, clothing and
shelter requisite for tho reproduction
of the same quantity of labor power,
but uiay be alfecied by the condition
ol the labor market; or to use a
noiirgeois phrase, by supply and demand.
ii. because the concentration of
capital, and the enormous amount*
tied up in costly machinery, necessary for production on a large scale,
uiuhu U impossible, however intelligent and energetic a workman may
be, to raise himself by his own ability and saving out of tho proletariat
cluss. The conditions thai obtained
during mediaeval times, when a man
had served his apprenticeship, worked a few years as journeyman, then
became a master craftsman, no longer prevail. The same factors which
keep him a worker have, as Kautsky
points out, made warfare, and are
rapidly making scientific pursuits an
impossibility fur the individual—
namely, the costliness of the requisite instruments.
1. The word wages is simply a
term coined to express a given phenomena inherent in capitalist production. With the substitution of
Socialist for capitalist production,
the phenomena will have disappeared
and the remuneration received by the
laborer in return for his labor (for
there cannot be a labor power commodity under Socialism) will be determined, not by his cost of subsistence, but by his power of production
collectively.—S.  D.  Herald.
labor unreusonabhl and absurd ?
Because through having in society
a number of people whose labor, although economically unproductive, is
socially necessary. All necessary
functions of a legislative, administrative und educative character have
lo be now, and would have to be
Then, provided for by productive labor tas well as children and old people).
Question il. What is the difference
between labor power, or force of labor, and labor.
Labor power is the totality of the
brain and muscular energy possessed
by the laborer, the use of which the
capitalist buys as a commodity; and
only by its incorporation into the
finished commodity does it become
Question 4.    Why is it incorrect to
| speak   of  any   commodity   today    as
the   product   oi   un   individual;   and
.what is meant when  it is said  that.
iiill commodities are produced by so-*
ia! work for a social purpose '.'
1. Because the infinite division
und subdivision of labor, inseparable
ruin the present stage of social development, mokes it imperative that
the article in process of manufacture
puss through dozens of hands before
il finally enters the market as a finished commodity aud a use value.
12. Because thu elimination of
waste, both in time and material,
resulting from the application of
machinery and the subdivision of
labor, has socialized the production
of commodities that supply a social
Question 5. What are wages? How
are they regulated? Why is the prospect of a wage-earner ceasing to be
a wage-earner becoming less and less
favorable under existing conditions?
Why will there be no wages when Socialism is realized?
1. Wages are that part of capital
given to the laborer in exchange for
his commodity—labor power.
'J. Wages are regulated by the laborer's cost of subsistence—that   is,
The Governor of Kansas in bis
message to the state legislature recommending the establishment of
state oil refineries for the purpose of
assisting the "independent producers" in their struggle for existence
against tho Standard Oil Company
gives vent to the following gem :
"The competitive system is essential,
in my judgment, to the healthy industrial growth, while Socialism is
a sopoi ific, which would put the industrial world to sleep."
As the Standard Oil Company is
the child of competition, and a sufficiently "healthy industrial growth"
to take care of itself by furnishing
the necessary "soporific" to put its
little would-be competitors to sleep,
what is the Governor kicking about,
any way? instead of borrowing
trouble about Socialism putting anything to sleep, he had better wake'
himself up.
In publishing the Governor's (of
Kansas) message recommending the
building of state oil refineries to help
out the "independents," Wilshire's
Magazine sagely remarks, "This is
Hoch's gubernatorial message. See
how gracefully he swallows his Socialist pill)"
The building of state refineries to
be operated by convict labor for the
purpose of preventing "independent
producers" from being squeezed out
by the Standard Oil Co., is the most
peculiar "Socialist pill" we ever saw
advertised. We should beg leave to
decline swallowing it even upon Wilshire's recommendation. It looks
too much like a horse doctor's pill,
and we should fear the consequences.
Capital does not make any advances to labor. Generally speaking, labor makes advances to capital. The
working uiun, as a rule, works a
week or a fortnight before he receives
any wages at all, and during that
time he incrennses the value of his
employer's capital by far more than
he receives by wages.   Quelch.
jhis js a question  which must be
fivcred and answered quickly,  and
wholo future policy of labor de-
Ids upon how this question is an-
fred.    If, after fifty yonrs of uni-
fn»  nnd   tho  stupendous   achieve*
ins fn invention bringing into the
fid masses of wealth hitherto untuned  of,   labor is no  botter    olT
it was  beloro,   it is   time    to
|tse and reconsider a policy which
lie  fraught  with  appalling    rets.     In   considering   the   question
Is not enough to determine wheth-
llabor has a fuller stomach or   a
|ter clothed back; labor's coinpara-
power  in  society,   labor's combative share of wealth, and labor's
Jition as to security and economic
Hy are  facts  of  greater  import-
re do not need statistics to prove
ft labor is slowly, inevitably sink-
in  the comparative  social  scale,
filled and blinded and betrayed by
| cry from the pulpit, platform and
)ol   thnt   it   is   rising  year   after
to better conditions.    Wo need
the cold,  appalling facts culled
conditions  of  fifty  years  ago,
of the present, set alongside of
Parts We All Know.
le nre told that fifty jcars ago
I laborer got less dollars and cents
lay, ate less beef, lived In poorer
Isos, owned fewer pianos, wore
I broadcloth, dressed his wife and
Ighter less fashionably, gave his
less education nnd attended few-
JimuRements than now. There Is
lank deception in this statement
Are Conditions of Labor Improving ?
From VA» Journal of Labor.
which has a tendency to make labor
more contented and less troublesome
to the business interests of the country, nnd, therefore, the doctrine is
inculcated without stint. Tho laboring man has been led to believe that
if he will keep on producing without
change of methods, to meet the new
conditions ami powers, that, in fifty
more years his children will have
more beef, broadcloth, pianos, education, amusements and style. But
ive nil know that the ponderous sys»
tern of industry has divided tho
workingmen into higher and lower
classes, beginning at the top with
the skilled mechanics and running
down to the sweatshop and man in
the gutter. If we stop to think wo
should know that the improvement
in labor conditions applies only to
the men at tho top, who are comparatively few in number.
Fifty Years Ago and Now.
Fifty years ago labor was not divided to, any great derree into classes. Fifty years ago a dollar would
buy twice as much as it will buy
Fifty years ago the most poorly
paid iaboree lived far better than the
most, poorly paid laborer today, and
commanded more respect.
Today the best paid laborer receives far more than the best paid laborer of fifty years ago, but he is
employed only a part of the time
nnd he is not nearly so sure of his
Fifty years ago we had an open
frontier, plenty of land and untaken
Opportunities and nn unlimited demand for labor; driven from the factory, labor could set up on the farm.
It wns absolutely outside the power
of capital to starve labor. Labor
was far more independent then than
now and secured a lar larger share
of the product. Today we have no
open frontier; the lid is closed; tho
land is taken. Driven from the factory, tha laborer must come back to
the factory again. The spirit of independence has given away to a demoralizing timidity and the increasing labor population makes the holding of a job extremely difficult
ngninst the large number seeking employment.
Fifty yenrs ago there were 110 jobs
for every hundred men; today there
are lf>0 men for every hundred jobs.
Fifty years ago there were no
tramps; today there nre practically
Fiftv years ago there was no child
labor;   today   1,750,000  little  child
ren nre utilized for profit at, from 1Q
to 50 cents per head.
Fifty years ago a few women were
worked in factories; today the majority of factory operatives in many
textile industries are women who
work for from $8 to $5 |>er week.
Fifty years ago there were no New
Vorks, Chicagoes, l'hiladelphias ns
we know them today, with tneir fearful slum districts where capitalism
gathers together its last, wrecks of
exploitation—the worker who refuses
to work, the trump who refuses to
tramp—and strangles them to death
in its terrible pest holes of crime and
Fifty years ngo there were no
Coeur d* Atones, Cripple Creeks, Tack-
ingtowns, Homesteads; no militia
bills, injunctions, blacklists, deportations anil the herding of vast dependent bodies of serfs to the voting
If tho whole beef and piano argument of those who desire labor to remain submissive and content were
admitted, there vet. remains a fart
of such overshadowing importance
that it cannot be iruinsnid. The monopolization of land anil opportunity,
the increase of the labor population,
tho invention   of   labor-saving   ma
chinery, have engendered such keen
competition between the employed
and the unemployed, the union man
nnd the scab, that the position of
the working class is one of unnerving insecurity. The liability to be
thrown out of employment at any
time by the merciless fluctuations of
capital and the horrors of unemployment constitute a fact which is dragging ilown labor to the lowest stratum of degradation. We are confronted in America today by a fact
never observed before; we have an
increasingly vast floating population
which drifts from place to place for
jobs. Without homes, without families, without, responsibility, deprived
of citizenship by their constant
change of locality, these men rapidly
become mere hoboes.
The most stringent anil cruel vagrancy laws are made everywhere
against these unfortunates, who are
hounded, fined, prosecuted, imprisoned and driven from place to place by
the officers of the law. It is appalling to think that there are millions
of these men in onr country und that
their numbers nre increasing each
year. Even the cruel methods by
which capitalism draws the surplus
population into the large cities and
kills  it   off  with  rum,   filth,   disease
and starvation are not sufficient to
keep down this ever-increasing army
of the unemployed.
As much as labor has lost through
the encroachments of a -toToated capitalism, the future is fraught with
more danger than tsjfe past has ever
contained. Think of the tremendous
work during the lust fifty years that,
aided by tho millions who have
swarmed over from Kurope, has dotted the country with vast cities and
constructed the great lines of communication. Think of the wilderness
of fiftv years ago, and Chicago, the
St. Louis and San Francisco of today. Think of the Herculean task
of building these miles and miles of
brick and machinery.
But the ocean is reached, tho frontier is closed; new opportunities are
shut oil': less and less capital may
be employed; the lid is down, and
the pot is boiling. The old cities
may be added to, but there are few
places to put new cities, and few
places to put new railroads.
We have completed a cycle of construction, and face a cycle of unim-
If during the period of construction
the status of labor has declined,
what will he the condition during
the period  of unemployment?
The recent decision of the American Federation of Labor to admit
economic and political discussion in
the union meetings is timely, and
there never before was such a crying necessity for union men to take
n careful study of the problems of
tho hour for tholr own safetv, )
jfr"*.". 1905
• ■ I'M
' m
Ike Western Gin
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the Working Class alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B.  C.
Yearly subscription cards In lot* of
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than thu laborer can keep all his
wages. "Tbe whole of the profit,"
[soys Marx* in "Value, Price and Profit," "is not pocketed by the employing capitalist. The monopoly of
land enables the landlord to take
one part of that surplus value, under the name of rent, whether tho
Jand is used for agricultural buildings or railways, or tor any other
productive purpose. On the other
hand, the very fact that, the possession, of the instruments of labor enables the emn.oying capitalist to
produce a surplus value, or what
comes to the same, to appropriate
to himself a certain amount of the
Unpaid labor, enables the owner ol
the means of tabor, which he lends
wholly or partially to tbe employing
class—enables, in one word, the money lending capitalist to. claim for
himself under tho name of interest
another part of that surplus value,
so tlitil there remains to the employing capitalist as such only what is
culled industrial or commercial profit. . . . Kent, profit and interest, are only different names for different parts of the surplus value of
the commodity, or tbe unpaid labor
enclosed in it, nnd they are couully
derived from this source, and from
this source alone.."
...March  11,  l'JOf
In No. 307 of tho Western Clnrion
we had the hardihood to question
some of tho conclusions of Mr. Krn-
est Unterman, as set forth in nn article of his published in ihe "Appeal
to Reason." The giot of Mr. Unter-
man's article was "that the worker
was held up as a producer and as a
We confess to being of plebian extraction, and to "fame and fortune
unknown." Wo have not yet attained to the distinction of having our
picture emblazoned in Wilshire's, or
the handle "professor" prefixed to
our cognomen, however much we
might secretly covet such a disanction. We cannot write long-winded
disquisitions on a "world's process,"
nor are we qualified to appraise at
anything like its full value in that
process, the act of a "l-'atagonian"
squirting tobacco juice, or an idea
chasing a "kangaroo."
We acknowledge a lack of reverence
for the "intellectuals," due, perhaps,
to our early training, or perchance
more properly speaking our want of
It. For all of these shortcomings
we humbly apologize. The result of
our clumsy criticism of the mighty
Unterman. however, caused that
worthy to unsheath his sword and
neatly puncture our bubble as follows, which we clip from the Chicago
Socialist of March 4.
The question of the relation of
production and distribution to thu
exploitation of the proletariat by
the capitalist appropriation oi surplus values has long played a prominent role, not only in the objections
of the bourgeois opponents oi Marxian economics, but also in the
speeches and literature of the ultru-
revolutionury hyper-Marxians, ma
recent editorial of the Western Clarion, for instance, we find an editorial
entitled "liutermun Wisdom," iu
which the editor ridicules the idea
advanced by mc in the Appeal to
Reason that the proletarian is exploited as a producer und u.s a consumer, and advises me to study a
certain work called "Capital," which
1 am supposed to have overlooked.
We shall see preently that tho advice
of tho editor of tbe Western Clarion
would not be thrown away if ho
were to follow it himself.
Marx and Kngels have not only anticipated the objections 01 their bourgeois opponents, but have written
many things which would be 01 great
benefit to the editor of the Western
Clarion aud to others of lus ilk who
expound Marxian theories without
taking the trouble to familiarize
themselves with thu works of Marx
and Kngels.
According to Marxian economics, a
commodity is not regarded as "produced" until it has reached thu consumer. And the consumer, in buying
commodities produced by himsuli or
other proletarian;,,pays u price whicli
is generally above the value ot the
average social labor time required
for its first production, because iu
the process of distribution, other surplus vtluos have been added to its
primitive social labor time. In other words, the proletarian is exploited
not only in the process of manufacture 'of a certain commodity, but also in its price when he buys it. And
whether that commodity is food,
clothing, shelter, lund or money,
both production and distribution always enter into the question of exploitation,
Of course, it is the merit of Marxian economics to have pointed out
that the typical and overwhelming
exploitation of the proletarian takes
place in production proper. But at
the same time Mnrx and Kngels have
never lost sight of the fact that this
is Dot the only form of exploitation.
Says the ''Communist Manifesto":
"No sooner is the exploitation of
tbe laborer by the manufacturer so
far at an end that he receives his
wages in cash, than he is set upon
by other portions of the bourgeoisie,
the, landlord, tho shopkeeper, tho
pawnbroker, etc."
Repressed in terms of Marxian economics, this means that no sooner
baa the manufacturing capitalist
pocketed his commercial profit than
the landlord appropriates a part of
the wages of the laborer in tho form
of ront, the shopkeeper in the. form
of trader's profit, the money lender
in the form of interest, etc. On tho
other hand, the manufacturing capitalist can no more keep all tbe commercial profit wruug from the laborer
We appreciate tho value of Mr. Un-
lerinun's advice, as we hope he appreciated that of the similar advice
wu so kindly offered him in the criticism referred to, Should we follow
the advice wu sincerely hope to be
able to read to better purpose than
to attempt to jusiify the assumption
that "the laborer is held up as a
producer and as a consumer," by the
quotation from Marx's "Vulue, 1'rice
and Profit." used by Mr. Unterman
and more especially the last half
dozen lines of it. While reading Mr.
Untermans l'uliiiinuiion, the enormity of our oll'ense gradually dawning
upon us was about to reach its culmination in complete acknowledgement of defeat, until he hurled this
Jn^trxion bomb at our head: "KENT,
SOURCE ALONE." We were then
forced to ask: what has become of
JUr. Unteruiun's contention? Whore
is ho "at" any way? As we were
unable to answer, wo will be forced
to leave it to the reader to judge.
'Yea, verily. The "intellectual"
who skates around over tho works
of Marx to find justification for
"middle-class" philosophy, skates upon very thin ice.
After thus neatly "squelching" us
Mr. Unterman goes on to issue some
sort Of ii challenge to "the inspired
prophets of inipossiblisru in the United States, for instance thu editor of
the Western Clarion, or the Referendum, or the economic teacher of the
Chicago impossiblists, all of whom
claim such superiot familiarity with
the works of Marx, to solve this
problem before the instalment of my
article dealing with this point will
appear in  the Chicago Socialist."
Again must we plead possible ignorance, although included in the
challenge. We are not sure that we
liiow the meaning of "impossiblism"
and "Ghicago impossiblists." Perhaps the term is applied to those
who find it "impossible" to swallow
tho economic puke offered by Unterman and his ilk. The refusal to
swallow is doubtless an inspiration,
hence the term "inspired prophets."
The "problem" referred to in the
"challenge" relates to surplus value
and the exchange of commodities,
more especially the commodity labor
power. Though this has been already solved by Marx in "Capital,"
"Wage-Labor and Capital," etc., we
shall still await "my article dealing
with this point," with a breathless
In reading the clipping from the
Chicago Sociulist the reader should
bo particularly careful In separating
ihe part written by Mr. Unterman
from the quotations from Mnrx and
Kngels by which he attempts to justify bis conclusions. The latch
string is always out, Mr. Unterman.
————o ■
ed by the "Industrialists" in a so-
called "manifesto" eminnting from
Chicago, which has been emphasized
by the loud-voiced upproval of numerous "mavericks" wandering aimlessly about in the jungles of confusion. Then cometh the Don Quixote
Gompers, the "pure and simple"
high priest, and unsheathing his
trusty bellows, Ihe American Federationist, the which he so mercilessly
uses in blowing his own horn, proceeds to torment the impudent "industrial cat" by most angry and
vicious "blows." In this he is ably
assisted by one Sancho Pan/.a Hamilton, of Colorado, who delivers some
ugly welts with his terrible hind
claws, in "A Story of Funny Unionism."
This ' delectnble scrimmage is already enlivened by crimination and
recrimination. A perfect, tempest of
"caterwauling" in the shape of "union smashers." "scab herders," "fakirs," "crooks," "labor lieutenants,"
"scabs," "renegades," "kangaroo,"
nnd other similar yowls will ascend
to heaven as nn attestation of the
fact, that "organized labor" is bo-
garbing itself with a dignity befit,
ting its great mission ol "bettering
its condition," while functioning as
n wholesale peddler of tho commodi.
ty labor power. To thoso who are
weak enough to expect it to act differently we apologically quote the
words of Lawrence Gronlund: "Wares
can not act like men, for wares arc
only things."
It is fervently hoped that tho
"cats" will fight fair, and neither be
able to avail itself of such weapons,
or moans, as to do violence to time-
honored tradition regarding "Kilkenny" affairs of the cat kind. There
is a fear, however, that tho affair
will not reach tho traditional satisfactory ending. That fear is aroused
because of the awful thrust given the
opposition "cat" by editorial Knm
in  tho current Federationist.
Tt seems thnt Sam, by long experience as a cigar maker acquired a no
mean dexterity in rolling long-filler
cigars. The result of this experience
enables him with equnl dexterity to
roll out long-filler editorials, and
furnish the filler himself.
Under caption, "The Trades Unions
to he smashed again," we find the
following long-filler: "That, they (the
enemies of the trade union movement) will be confronted nnd overcome is ns sure ns it is said, 'Coil
made little npples,' nnd someone else
has made little Socialists who launch
bubbles which are filled with the exuberance of their verbosity, nnd
which explode from the flatulency of
their enormous pahs."
As cruel as is this terrible thrust
nt the other "cat," we are compelled
to admit it to be the rleverest thing
thnt has happened since the editorial
author coined that famous slogan,
that will go ringing down the corridors of time, of "Orit your teeth
and organize." A few more such
"long-filler" wicked thrusts and the
mind's eye can readily picture the
"industrial cat" as strenuously hiking for oblivion, as Kuropatkin is
hiking for Harbin.
His History in Brief by H.  C.  Castle in Los Angeles Labor News.
A regular "Kilkenny cat" fight is
on the boards for the near future
within tho camp of "organized labor." In fact, the preliminary skirmishes have already begun. The respective "cats" are to be the old-
line organizations, by certain facetious persons dubbed "pure and staplers," and the new line, dubbed by
the same facetious persons "industrial  unionists."
As Both arc out for the one purpose of trying to juggle more agreeable treatment out of the labor market in respect to the commodity in
which they deal, i. e., labor power,
the distinction attempted to be
made seems one too poor to have a
difference. Bo that as it may, however, there is to be a great yowling,
scratching anil scattering of fur, in
the very realistic exemplification of
the solidarity of labor, und the class
Struggle, from a commodity standpoint.    Thu first fur has boon loosen-
While "peace hnth her victories,"
she also romes in for her quota of
horrors. According to W. .1. Ghent,
writing in Tom Watson's magazine,
"the railroad nnd trolley lines of the
United States during 1904 destroyed
nearly ns many lives as were lost in
the three great battles of Gettsburg,
Chikamauga and Chancellorsvillo
during the Civil war."
He declares that "the factories destroyed more lives than the railroads
although the figures are not obtainable," nnd "these accidents arc for
the most part needless, nnd due almost entirely to the brutal indifference of capital to the lives of workers." He further asserts that "by
far the greater part of the suicides,
of which wo rend and hear, aro of
beings who have been sent to death
through economic  troubles."
The holocaust of horror which tho
human family pays for allowing the
resources and machinery of production to wear tho garb of capital,
and thus servo merely M a means of
exploiting the workers, is enough to
make "angels weep," and ought to
bo enough to make mundane animals
Like all  good    things,    capitalism
comes high,  and if the workers wish
to  retain  it   they     must    pay     tho
price in poverty,   misery and" xlearth.
—, o	
In London alone 1,800,000 live on
the poverty lino and bolow it, and
another 1,000,000 with one week's
wages between them and pauperism,
said Jack London in a recent speech.
That's nothing. We have tho greatest Empire that has ever happened
anil one whose greatness is not confined to bluff and bluster alone. It
is especially great in poverty, which
in itself is no bluff. In fact, the corner stone of Britain's greatness is an
ocean of poverty, of which the London instance is hut a fair sample.
Statistics published by the Italian
government relating to the recent
elections show the Socialist vote to
have been 20 per cent, of all votes
cast. This is an encouraging showing for tho brutally exploited nnd
oppressed workers of that unhappy
Now T will attempt to show briefly
and concisely bow labor is exploited.
Allow me to turn back in history to
tho time the rising capitalist class
tlnew off the yoke of the feudal nobility, and instituted the capitalist
method of production. Prior to that
time the serfs had to work three
days a week for their lord and three
days for themselves. The feudal lord
owned the land, and the people who
were born on the land had no right
to leave it without permission. Nor
could they till tho soil to which they
belonged without, the lord's permission. Nor could they obtain his permission only on certain conditions,
which were the ones I have just stated and the only reason Hint, the lord
was so gracious ns to allow them to
have three days for themselves was
not because tho barons were lenient
with them, but because the serf required that much time to produce
sufficient products to sustnin himself
and family.
The smiths and trades people were
a little more privileged thnn tho
serfs, but still they were hampered
in their enterprises by tho nobility,
hence the revolution which overthrew
the nobility and placed tho manufacturing or capitalist class in power.
At that time the methods of production were primitive hand tools
and owned by tho man who used
them, and he alone by his own labor
and skill, produced an entire article
by his own labor and when he had
completed the article it was bis own
to do with as ho pleased.
In those days a man or boy would
Work long hours as an apprentice or
journeyman and he was sure of becoming a master in the end. But
commerce grew and man's ingenuitv
invented more improved tools and it
was discovered that a man could produce more socially than ho could individually, thut is to say, four men,
each doing a certain part could make
more articles in a given time than
tho same four men, each working individually and producing the entire
article himself could produce in the
same time, hence the factory and the
division of labor. Now hero is where
the compotitiVO part of capitalism
performs its part.
Here were two methods of production side by side, the primitive factory with the division of labor, or
co-operative labor competing against
the individual producer. The man
who owned the factory could puy the
men as much us they could mako
working individually, anil yet on
account of the increased output ho
could undersoil the individual producer, thus forcing him to cither
start n factory or go to work for
some one who already bad one.
Now, even yet tho laborer is not
very severely exploited nor is he very
far from his tools, for tho factory is
simple and just mainly a division of
labor, and it does not matter much
at this stage whether he is n factory
owner or a factory hand, but it is
the point at which the producer begins to drift away from his tools
nnd his product.
It is the place where tho canoe in
which capital and labor are paddling
splits into pieces and begins drifting apart; in one piece is the laborer, in the other is the capitalist and
tho tools with which tho laborer
must earn his daily bread and also
in the same end of the ennoe is tbe
product which labor has created.
Now labor has tried many ways to
get into tho same end of the canoe
the capitalist is in; he has created
invention after invention, to try to
accomplish his end, but every one
only causes tho two pieces of the
canoe to drift further apart until
today we have the gigantic factories
run by steam and electricity, owned
by corporations and stockholders
who have never even seen them, and
the wago-slavo who makes a part of
the product has no knowledge of
what the entire product looks like or
how many others are working on
other parts of it, of what it is for,
nor what it is worth.
The serf could not work or till the
soil without the consent of the feudal lord. He could not live without
tilling the soil, or in other words,
under what conditions ho could live,
'ioday the wage-slave cannot worv
without the consent of the employing capitalist. The employing capitalist names tho conditions under
which you work and what is your
pay, and he gives us an average of
Sl.jO per day. Not because the
batiks charge him little or much, but
because we have to have that much
to live.
The serf's time was divided by tho
week, nnd the three days which ho
worked for himself was his pay, half
of his time was paid labor (that is
full paid, he received tho full product) and half was unpaid, that is
it cost tho lord nothing. But the
entire labor of his life seemod to be
unpaid labor. Now our modern
wage slave goes into a factory; in
two .hours ho has produced sufficient
commodities to ekual his wages, so
that is all for which he really receives pay, tho balance is no more
paid labor than was the three.days
the serf worked for his master or
lord, although the serf's labor seems
to bo all unpaid and the wuge-slavo's
to be all paid, but if it was nil paid,
thnt. is if he received the product of
his toil or its equivalent in any other commodity, there would be no
surplus value for the masters to buy
yachts with.
Tbe conflict or ?truggle between
tho capitalist class nnd the laboring
class, the employer nml employe, is
not over tho amount of interest the
bunks charge, (that is only 11 question between the capitalists themselves), but it is always over the
amount of the product tho laborer
shall recoipe or how many hours he
shall work for the capitalist for no-
Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. It. Stebbings, John E. Dubbetiey,
W. II. Flowers, 0. Peters, Alf. l,e.ih.
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; R. P
Pettipiece, secretary, 25 Tenth nve.,
Vancouver,  B. 0.
Union Directory
When They Meet; Where They Meet
     Every Labor Union in the province
vited to place a card under this head    fi c    ™
month.    Secretaries plume note.       '      '    P»
Greenwood   Miners'   Union, No
VV.   P.  M.    Meets    every SaturrJ
evening in Union hall. J. R  Riicj,j
president;  Ernest
•S secre
of II. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening in the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 318 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening nt, 8 o'clock in tho Le Petite
theatre, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Practical Boat
aad Shoe Maker
lland-Mnde Boots and Shoes to order in
all stytes.   Repairing promptly and neatly done.     Stock   of staple   ready-made
Shots always on hand.
I4S6 WntaiHtir Ave      Moist Pltauat.
J. Edward Bird. a. C. Brydon-jack
Oko. E. McChossan.
Railway Block    Tel. S&.   P.O. Box 082.
314 Hastings Street     -     Vancouver, B. C.
Phoenix Trades and Labor Council
Meets every alternate Moiid '
John Riordan, president; Edwar
Brown, vice-president; P. H 1
casse serjeant-at-arms; VV. II. Ham
bury, secretary-treasurer, P. (j 11.,
108, Phoenix, B. C. '
Phoenix      Miners'    Union.    No.   1
W. F. M. Meets every Satu'rtJa
evening at 7..50 o'clock in Minn.
hall. Wm. Harnett, president; J0h
Riordan,  secretary.
Nanaimo ,1/iners' Union, No. 177 u,
P. M. meets every third Satu'rda
- from July 2. Alfred Andrews, pr„
tdent; Jonathan I slier wood, P i
Box 25Q, Nanaimo, H. C, recor,
ing secretary.
The International Brotherhood (
Electrical Workers.—Local No. 21
Meets second and fourth Thur
Hays at 1. B. E. VV, Hall, Room
Ingleside Block. President,
Diilabough; recording sccretar
Geo. P. Parr; financial secretary, ,
H. Scllar. Address all conirnunic
tions to the hall. All srwournit
brethren cordially invited.
thing. For instance, supnose I am
working for a corporation making
shoes, I work, ten hours and receive
$2.50 a day. 1 make enough shoes
in two hours to pay my wages, then
the other eight hours are unpaid lu-
bor. Now suppose I go on a strike
with my brothers for eight hours,
don't you see the controversy between capital and labor is whether
we work eight hours for nothing or
only six for nothing.
The  labor  problem  is  not  one    «.f
whether   one   capitalist   charges   another   exhorbitant   interest   or   rent,
but it is always over the amount of
hours which labor must perform gra-
tutiously for the capitalist   class fori
the permission to  work ut   ull.    anil
as long  as  labor  has  to    work   one
hour for  which it is not. paid,   there'
will  be a conflict and the onl«  poo-'
pie under  the sun who can  stop  thei
war between capital anil labor is the
laboring class  themselves,   by   taking
the  reins  of government  and   ta in"-:
the  co-operotive  or   social   menus   of
production   (which  nre   now     owned
privately)   thus   owning   their     own
tools,   owning  their job  unil   owning
socially   the   social   product   of   their
social labor.
If for nny reason you wish  to (lis-
continue your paper, please do so by I
communicating   with   this   office.      If
you  have  no   objection   to  so  doing'
you   will   confer  n   favor  by  staling!	
your reasons.     If you do not. receive j
your paper notify us ut once and wc
will  look   the  matter up  and  supply
the missing copies.
and adjoining territories to represei
and advertise the Wholesale and Kiiuc,
tionnl Mepiirtrie'iits of an old establish?
house at solid financial standing. .Sail
ry 98.S0 per dny. with ex|Hmscs „,
vanccd enrh Monday h.v check dire;
from headquarter*. Horse and bugj
furnished when necessary; position p«j
rnanent. Address, Itlcw Pros. A Co
Dept.   8,   Monon   Hldrr..   Chicago,   111.
The Oldest Labor Piper ie Canada
Alwr.ya a fearlean exponent in the
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will be
sent to any addre** for one year.
Working™, n of all countries will
soon recognize the fact that they
nin.st rapport and read their labor
Issued every Friday.
The Voice Publishing Co., Limited
The Vancouver Chop House
36 Wntor St.  (Basement)
For the Best und Cheapest Meals In
the   City,     One   visit   assures us your trade.
Meals   ISc.   nnd   up.     Tickets  $JI. K).
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A Vigorous Advocate of Labor's
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Per Year f 1.00.       Six Months, Mc.
Denver, Colorado.
There nie mnny forms in which tobacco is used,  but
Kurtz's Own Kurtz's Pioneer of
Spanish Blossoms Cigars
Is the height of perfection of then
nil. Only the beat material is used
in them, and they are made by skilled Union workmen. Wo guarantee
them to be composed of the best 0'
Clear Havana Fillers with the l*st
of Sumatra wrappers.
Kurtz & Co.
P oneer Cigar Manufacturer.
United Hatters of North America
„ When you aro buying a FUH HAT see to It that
the Cenuine Union Label 1« sawed in It. If a retailer
has loose labela In his possession and oilers to Put
one in a hat for you.  do not patroni/e   him. boo*
labels In retail uteres are counterfoil* The (renulni
Union Label Is perforated on four eddies, exactly the
same as a postage si amp. Counterfeit* »re sonu
times perforate!! on thrp» edges, and some times onlf
on two. John 11. Stetson Co.. of Philadelphia 1"
non-union  concern.
JOHN A.  MOFFHT,  President, Orange, N. J
MATtTlN    l.AWI.OH.    .Secretary,    ll   W averlv
New  York.
OLIALISM Is inevitable. That means our economic and socio'
development will some dny make It clear even to the dullest mind
that a solution of our industrial problems is possible only by|D:
dustrinl co-operation. But are we to look on passively and wait
until the mind more dull nnd dense than our own, has ot Inst
reasoned It out all by Itself ? Certainly not. We want to get there
sooner. And we will get there in the near future If we set to work
and educate the man who is still groping in the dark. We know
things will muke him see the light some day, but we want him
• *"Jl* now• Therefore our incessant propaganda and BRita-
tlon. To do good work you need good tools, (select your propaganda material carefully and you trill see results. Two books
.._. we" tritd ns means of Socialist propaganda are
MODERN SOCIALISM. SthEdition; lHOPagh; PapcrStc, Cloth 75c.
u iu    ...    ,.    .. 238 Pages; Paper 85c, Cloth $100
BS&S75&5& thS HBV.- C,HJU»- H- VAI1" Thfy h»" »*»« thousands of Socialist.
hShW.r«r«ii&5ffi? conTlnclng presentation of the principles of Socialism. To Shareholders of the Comrade Co-operative Co. they are sold at a discount of+0 per cent.
fiuSS. 5SHW.V a?9ttlre br monthly pnyments of B0 cents n JB.00 share In oar
*2d££?*L^l'}i?*ll01,*tZn'l.ihtn1'7 !W •l«d«« rates for "The Comrade"
and °tner Socialist Literature. Don't stand aloof: Hitch vour wniron to the
M_CQj«RADE0O:OPEP^VECOj^ANV, 11 Cooper SquTe, New York.    _ aTUKDAT
jMarcta 11, 190rj
Wage-Labor and Capital
.>  must  thereto...    uuduire     ..io.u
ely  into  the eliect which the  incase of prouu. 11.e  . .ipitnl  bus  up-
itli   tiie  general   increase  of    the
oductivc capiii.1 of a bourgeois sully a inuiiiioii! uccuiuuluiioii ol' la-
force takes place.    The capitul-
increaso in number and in now-
The increase  in   tho number  of
;>iiulists increases  the competition
[iivon capitalist's.    Their increased
flier   -ives them the means of lead-
liuo     the   industrial   battlefield
jrbtier armies of laborers furnished
gigantic implements of war.
it one capitalist can only succeed
[linvimr tlie oilier oil the Held and
jting  possession   of  his cunitul   by
ling his wares at a cheaper rate.
jonier to sell more cheaply  with-
ruining himself he must produce
re cheaply; that is, ho must hcigh-
as much as  possible,  the "rcrduc-
uness of labor.     Hut the most ef-
ivo   way   of   making  labor  more
kduclive is  by  means of a more
piplele subdivision of labor, or b'
more extended use anu continual
liroveniont    of    machiiierv.      The
numerous the departments into
id, lubor is divided, und the mora
|n ii tic   tho scale  in   which uiucliin-
is   introduced,   in   so  much   the
Inter  ]i, upoi'iiou  does  the cost  of
{iiuction decline, and so much thu
fruitful    is    the  labor     Thus
cs a manifold rivalry among ca-
^lists with the object of incroas-
tho subdivision ol ic.Lor und ma-
lery,  and kee])ing  up  tbe utmost
Bible progressive rate of exuloitu-
>w. if b*' means of a creator sub-
|sion of labor, by the employment
improvement  of  new   machines.
by tne more skill)ul und profitable
of the forces of nature, a cuoilul-
|hus discovered the means of pro-
iing u larger amount oi commodi-
ihan his competitors with    tho
i' amount of labor, whether it be
ted-up labor or direct—if he eon
| instance, spin a complete ' urd of
lou  in  tlie  lime  thut his coninc-
rs take to spin half .i    <rri—how
this capitalist proceed to act V
mighl go on selling mill u '-urd
>ts former market puce: but thut
ibl  not have the ellel of driving
[opponents out of Ihe held and in-
lsing his own sale,     iiill the need
Increasing his  sale  bus  increased
the  same proportion  us  his  "ro-
Mou.     The   more    effective    and
• expensive the means of produc-
which he has call-id into exist-
enubie  him,   of  course,  to    sell
'!wares cheaper, but lliey also coin-
' lino   to  Keil  mure  wares and   to
a   much    larger     iiiurket    for
Our  capitalist    Will   therefore
ceeil   to   m'II   lus   'aid   of  cotton
Iper lhan his ,oiiipe;it.ors.
he   capitalist   will   not,   however
his complete yard so cheaply us!
competitors   sell    tbe   ball,    ul-|
|igh its production  loos not cost:
more  than   the   production  of
COHtH   the   others.      For   '•>   Ibis
ne   would   gain     nothing.      but
lid  only  gel  oueiv  t'c cost of ils ,
line. Hon.     The contingent increase
lis receipts would result from his
ling set in motion u larger cupi-
but   not from  ha •.in" made   his
|tnl  more prolitublc  than thul of
others.       ilesides,   he  <rains   the
lie is aiming ul  if he prices his
Ills a slight percentage lower than
iiiipelitors.     lie  drives  them olT
; 11 :.i  und  wrests  from  them    al
rate,  a portion of  their sale, ii
he undersells them.   And, linal-
hve must remember that the price
lent   always  stands   either   ubuve
below  ihe cosl of production, acting as  the sale of a commodity
I ansae led at a favorable or    unliable   period   of   business.       Acting as the murket price of a yard
(loth  is  above  or   below  its  for-
cost of production,   the nercent-
I will alter in which the capitalist
has employed the new and pro-
die  means  of produ- weeds
Is sale the actual cost of
(ion to him.
lit our capitalist does not find
privilege very lusting. Other ri-
fcupitalists introduce, with more
ess rapidity, the same machines
the same subdivision of labor ;
I this introduction becomes irOner-
intil   the  price     '   the I   of
is reduced, not only below   its
but below its new, tost of pro-
V's the capitalists find themselves
lively  in  the same  position    in
eh   they   stood   before   the   Intro-
tion of the new means of nrqduc-
und if they arc ny these mean*
bled   to   offer   twice    the  product
[the same price,   they    now    find
hselves   compelled   to   offc     the
bled amount for less than the old
From the standpoint of these
means   of  production    the    old
le begins anew.    There is  ater
llivision of labor, more machinen
more  rapid progress  in  tho ex-
ta.iun of both.    Whereir on rotation  brings about   the  same    re-
Ion nguinst tho sumo result,
kus  we  see how  tho manner and
Ins of production aro continually
Jwed and revolutionized, nnd how
division    of     labor    necessarily
in its train a greater division
*bor; th,s introduction of labor u
greater  Introduction;    and the
1lty of progress In the efficiency
labor a still greater rapidity   of
Jiat. is the law which continually
les   bourgeois production  out    of
|ol<l track, and compels capital to
nslfy   lie   productive   "Divers    of
frr for ihe very reason thnt it hus
itdy    Intensified    them—the   law
allow.-,  it  no  rpht,   but forever
|»iiers in Its ear the Words "Quick
lis is ro other law than that
Ih, camelling the periodical flue-
lions of business, necessarily in-
lilios   th>  price of  a    commodity
its mit of production,
bwever powerful nre the means of
(fiction   whirh  a  particular c
,...v.ai,  ....„   ....   .uoment ii becomes
jeiiciui   mo  sole icsuH  of   Ihe greui-
»t may bring into ihe field, com-
lion   will  make    their     adoption
• i iruiiu.jue.nH ui his cupilui is mat
»ie iiiusi now, lur uie same price ouei
ten, lwuuij, a liuiiured tunes us
iiiucii aa ociore. nut us he DiUbl
iU»*ii»u oi, iiclilups, a UiuubOuU times
an lunch in uruei to ouiweigu the ue-
cruube   in   Uie   selling   pi ice    oy      the
larger propoi nun oi uie products
soiu, since u larger sale nus now Ue-
couiu ueceasury, not omy to gam a
larger prom, out also lo replace ihe
cost oi production; und the implements ol production, us we have
seen, always gei. more expensive; and
since Una laager sale has oecome u
vital question, not only lor luiu, but
also lor his ilvaiS, tne old stule
>-oi'.iinues, with ail ihe greater violence, in proportion us the previously
discovered means of production ure
more fruitful; i lius tile suuuiv isioii
ul iabor una the employment oi new
machinery lane u nesn sturt, and
proceed  with still greater rapidity.
.uiu thus, whuievei' be ihe power
of die means ul production eiupiuyed,
competition noes us best lo rob capital ol ihe golden lruil which il
produces by reducing the price oi
coiiiuioiiilics to their cosl oi pruducliuu; and, us lust as ineir pruuucuuu
is cheapened, compelling, oy a despotic iu\i the larger suppiy ul
cheaper products lo ue ulfered ut the
loriuer price. thus the capitalist
win nave nothing by his exertions
oeyond the ubiitjatiun lo prouute
luster tliuu btioie, and un enhancement ol the diuiculty of employing
uis cupitul lo udvuuluge. Vvhile
coiiipeiuiuu coiitiiiuuiiy persecutes
nun with its law ul' ihe cost of pro-
uuctiun, und turns against him every
weapon Which he loiyes uguiusi his
rivuis, uie capitalist cununuaiiy
tries to cueat cumpetilioii by inces-
auiitiy introducing furtner subdivision of iauoi unu replacing the uid
machines by new ones, whicn, inougu
mure expensive, produce more cheaply, instead uf wuiuug until competition nus rendered uium oosoieie.
j-et us now iooiv ui this luveridh ug-
itution us il utioets the market ol tne
whole world and wo shall undersiand
now the increase, uccuinuiuiiun und
cuncentrution ul cupitul bring in
tneir tram un uninterrupted anu ex-
ureine subdivision of labor, always
uumiicuig wiih gigunlic strides of
progress, unu a continual employ-
iiii-ui oi new machinery, toguiiiur
wan the improvement of the oid.
nut how do these circumstuuees, in-
Beparable as lliey uie from tho increase of productive capital, ail'cct
the determination of the uiuuuui oi
wages /
i ue greater division of lubor enables one laborer to do tho work uf
uve, ten, twenty; it therefore mulli-
I plies the competition among laborers
live, ten or twenty limes. The lo-
, borers do not unly competo when
one sells himself cheuper ihun unuth-
er, they also compete when one dues
the work of five, ton ur twenty; und
iho division of lubor which capital
introduces urul i ontinuully increases,
compels the laborers to enter into
this kind of competition with one
Further: in the .same proportion in
which ihe division of labor is increased the labor itself is simplified.
The special skill of the laborer becomes worthless. It is changed into
a monotonous and uniform power
production, which can give play
neither to bodily nor to intellectual
elasticity. Its labor becomes accessible to everybody. Competitors,
therefore throng into it from all
sides: and besides, we must remember
that the more simple and easily
learnt the lubor is, and the less it
costs a man to make himself master
of it so much lower must its wages
sink, since they are determined,
like the price of every other commodity, by its cost of production.
Therefore, exactly ns the labor becomes more unsatisfactory und unpleasant, in that very proportion
competition Increases and wages decline. The laborer does his best, to
maintain the rate of wages by performing more labor, whether by
working for a greater number of
hours, or by working harder in the
some time. Thus, driven by noct«si-
t,v, he himself increases the evil of
the subdivision of labor. So the result is this: the more he labors tho
less reward he receives for it; atnd
thnt for this simple reason—that be
competes against his fellow workinten
nnd thus compels them to compote
against him, ami to offer their labor
on ns wretched conditions as he doon;
and Ihiil bo thus, in the lust result,
competes agnin.st. himself as a member of the working class.
Machinery hns tho same effect, but
in a much greater degree, ll supplants skilled laborers by unskilled,
men by women, adults by children ;
where it is new'.y introduced it-
throws the hand laborers upon the
streets in crowds; and where it is
perfected or replaced by Inter improvements nnd more inventions, discards them by slightly slower degrees. We have sketched above, in
hasty outlines, tho industrial war
of capitalists with one another; and
the war hns this peculiarity, thut
its battles are won less by means of
enlisting thnn by discharging its industrial recruits. The generals, or
capitalists, vie with nne another ns
to who can dispense with the greatest number of soldiers,
The economists repeatedly assures
us Hint the laborers who nre rendered superfluous by the machines find
new brunches of employment.
They have not the hardihood
directly to assert that the laborers
who are discharged enter upon tho
new branches of labor. The facts
cry out too loud against such a lie
as this. They only declare that for
other divisions of the laboring elans,
ns, for instance, for the rfsfng; genera tion of laborers who were just
ready to enter upon the the defunct
brunch   of  industry,   new  means     of
employment,      will    open    out.
course,   that  !s a  great  sntisfncit.ion
for the dismissed laborers. The worshipful capitalists will not find their
fresh supply of exploitable flesh and
blood run short, and will let the
dead bury their dead. This is indeed
a consolation with which the bourgeois comfort THEMSELVES rather
than the laborers, if the whole class
of wage-laborers were annihilated by
the machines, how shocking that
would be for capital, which, without
ware-labor, ceases to uct as capital
at all.
But let us suppose thst those who
are directly driven out of their employment by machinery, and also all
those of the rising generation who
were expecting employment in the
same line, find some new employment. Does anyone imagine that
this will be as highly paid as that
which they have lost? Such an idea
would be in direct contradiction to
all the laws of economy. We have
already seen that the modern form
of Industry always tends to the displacement of the more complex and
the higher kinds of employment by
those which are more simple and
How, then, could a crowd of laborers, who are thrown out of one
branch of Industry by machinery,
find refuge in another without having to content themselves with a
lower position and worse pay?
The laborers who are employed in
the manufacture of machinery itself
have been instanced as an exception.
As soon as a desire arises and a demand begins in an industry for more
machinery it is said that there musl
necessarily be an increase in the
number of machines, and therefore
in the employment of laborers in this
manufacture; and the laborers who
are employed in this branch of in.
dustry will bo skilled, and, indeed,
even educated laborers.
Ever since the year 1840 this contention, which even before that time
was only half true, has lost all its
specious color. For the machines
which are employed in the manufacture of machinery have been quite as
numerous as those used in the manufacture af cotton: and the laborers
who are employed in the producing
machines, instead of being highly educated, have only been able to play
the part of utterly unskilled machines  themselves.
But in the place of the man who
has been dismissed by the machine
perhaps three children and one woman are employed to work it. And
was it not. necessary before that the
man's wages should suffice for the
support of his wife nnd his children?
Was not the minimum of wages necessarily sufficient for the maintenance and propagation of the race of
laborers? There is no difference, except that now the lives of four times
as many laborers ns before are used
up in order to secure the support of
one laborer's family.
To repeat our deductions—the faster productive capital increases the
more does the division of labor and
the employment of machinery extend. The more tho division of labor und the employment of machinery extend, so much the more does
competition increase among the laborers, anil so much more do their
average wages dwindle.
And, besides, the laboring class is
recruited from the higher strata of
society, or else there falls headlong
into it a crowd of small manufacturers and small proprietors, who
thenceforth have nothing better to
do thnn to stretch out their nrm.s by
the side o'" those of the laborers.
And thus the forest, of arms outstretched by those who are entreating for work becomes denser and the
arms themselves become ever 'leaner.
That tho small manufacturer cannot survive in a contest whose first
condition is production on a continually incrensine, scale—that is, that
he cannot be ut once both a largo
and n small manufacturer—Is sclf-
That the interest on capital declines in the same proportion as the
amount of capital increases and extends, and that therefore tbe small
capitalist con no longer live on his
interest, but must join the ranks of
the workers and increase the number
of the proletariat—all this requires
no further exemplification.
Finally, in  the proportion in which
the capitalists  are compelled  by  the
causes here sketched  out,   to exploit
on un ever Increasing scale yet more
gigantic   means   of   production,    und
with   thnt.   object   to   set   in  motion
the   mainsprings   of   credit,    in    the
same proportion is there an increase
of   those   earthquakes    wherein    the
business   world   run   only   secure    its
own existence by a sacrifice of a portion of its wealth, its products, anil
even its powers of production to the
gods  of the  world  below—in  a word
crises   increase.       They    become     at
once more frequent anil more violent;
because in the seme proportion which
the amount  Of production, and therefore the demand for the extension of
the market,  increases, the market of
the world continually contracts, and
ever fewer markets remain  to be exploited:   since   every   previous    crisis
has   added   to   the  commerce   of   tho
world a market  which was not known
before,   or  hail   before  been  only  superficially     exploited    by   commerce.
Rut   capital   not   only   LIVES   upon
lubor.     Like   the   lord,   at,  once  distinguished  nnd   barbarous,   it  drags
with  if  to the grave tbe corpses of
its   slaves  and   whole   hecatombs    of
laborers   who   perish   in   the   crisis,
Thus      we     see     that      if     capital
increases   fast,      competition     among
the    laborers     increases   still   faster
thnt     is,     the    mennR    of    employment   and  subsistence decline  in proportion   at   a  still  more  rapid  rate;
And ,VCt,, none the less,  the most fortunate conditions for wage-labor Ho
in the speedy increase of cnpitnl.
fThe End.)
The economic pressure brought to
bear upon tho white laborers of the
Transvaal ns a result of tho introduction of Chinese coolies into the
mines, is bearing fruit. 15.000 men
nnd women attended a meeting not
long since in the market squnre of
.Johannesburg to listen to Socialist
speakers. A Sorlal-Bcmorratlc La-
bot Party of the Transvnnl has been
formed as a result, of this agitation.
Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in conventi in a tembled, affirm ou •
c.llegiance to and support of the principles and progiOrr, of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should 'Vtly belong.. To me
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecciir mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by politics'
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, (t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
ai possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
»nle of conduct: Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands in such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
Victoria General Agent for The
hK.riTl.b TIMKs /
I OS AS(ll-:i.Ks TIMKs
Chicago i-.XAMi.sKK ani> am;:kican
1'K.NNtYl.V. A.MA UBil'
P. 0. Box 444
3. 5 and 7 STORE STkfciHT
iiuporitM.i > iid Dealers In
Hams, Bacon, Butter, Eggs, Vegetables
Telephone 296 VICTORIA. B. C.
Mail   Orders    Promptly   Attended  To.
Appreciate the Benefit of
Tomato Bracks
Cj.am Cocktails
K. P. C. Wim
CHARLIE EO smcbaiit
2 Clothing Made to Order.
0 Fit Guaranteed.
6 27 Store Street Victoria, B. C
000000 00000 000 00000000
COMRADEo, strike  at   the  ballot
liox   on   i:iertii,n   ilay,   and   be  sure
lo  strike   the
Rock  Bay Hotel
IVhen   in   Victoria.
ARNASON BROS., Proprietors
Manulac'tirer ol
' No 8 Centre St.
♦ >♦♦<
Colonial Bakery
29  Johnson  St.,   Victoria,   II.C.
Delivered  to any  part of the city.
Driver   to   call.     'I'hone   849.
72 CovertMit Street, Victoria, 6. C.
Sold Everywhere. Union Mate.
69 Pandora St.      Victoria, B. C.
Patronize  Clarion Advertiser*.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.7ft.
Bundles of 25  or more copies   to
one address at the rate of one cent
"Wc aro a practical people, and
ihi.'f practical bent, based on common sense, «iii enable us to settle
the labor question. * * * Employers linv'' their hard times. Al-
moRl 100 per rent, of enterprises
fail."—Bishop  Spalding.
A "practical people" ami "almost
100 jK-r- cent, of their enterprises
fail." Oh! llislio]). vou ore too fun-
Don't ilo it n^rnin, please. Sparc
buttons. Kindly slick to speculative philosophy run! theological
dogma, thai can neither be proven
nor disproven, anil thnt no one cures
anything About, nny way. For heaven's soke, don'l become addicted to
such humor or vfo shall die of laughter.
lip    Wl
Marxian League, of San Fran-
Tali foruia, .sends in an order
weekly bundle of 150, The
doubles the Western Clarion
ih one or two other Socialist
papers selling the combination for
five cents. A good idea, and one
that, might be profitably followed by
01 her organizations.
Strike at  the ballot  box on election flay but bo sure to strike the
;;:;(> Cordova St.
any day you are hungry. .lust
around the corner from the Socialist  headquarters,
T    CltltlSTiCNSEN,   Prop.
for the student and the writer,
! as an authoritative reference bool{
for schools, teachers, families,
{business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the information sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pupil, the student and the litterateur, there.
is nothing better; it covers everything.
The New und Enlarged Edition recently s>
suerZ has 25.rtK) new words and phrases, a ooav
plc'elr revised Biographical Dictionary aad
Giuetteer of the World, 2380 page* and OHO1
j Uliut rations.
Our name is on the title-pages of all tb«
iiu'.hentiu dictionaries of the Webster series.
"A Test in Pronunciation" which affords a
pleasant and instructive evening's entertain
imr.t.  Illustrated pamphlet also free.
O. * C. MEHHIAM CO.. Pubs-, Springfield,
Tho profits of the capitalist is ,th«:
"reward of abstinence," which comes
to him because he abstains from
working. ,. .'
"Labor and capital are allies. The
laborer needs the employer, and the
employer needs the laborer."-—Bishop
As capital merolj feeds upQU labor,
the good bishop's pronouncement is
equivalent to saving that the potato
needs the potato bug, and the potato
bug needs the potato. There is a
well-developed need among both
workers and capitalists for a few
more fat bishops to crack such delightful jokes.
 o ■
When sending lit subs, please state
whether each one is a renewal or a
new one. The mail list, is already n
long one, and thanks to tbe friends
and comrades who arc interested in
pushing its   circulation,   is   rapidly
growing larger. By slating whether
a sub. is a renewal or a new one ii
will save us a 1"! of work in searching I be list.
IHE wheels af production were
never more artistically occupied than in tho Job Department of the Western Clarion.
We have all tho mechanical devices
of thnt branch of modern industry
known as the Typographical trade.
We can print anything from a bread
ticket to a circus poster, and do it
right. Until the profit system is
abolished   we   intend   to    make    the
All The Working Men
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 836
Thiv Their
The Belfast Store
2'1:i-1M.->  CARRAIX STREET.
L Richmond
«7 Hastings Street, East.
Nuict Door to Mason's.
best of the present circumstances by
doing the finest work at prices commensurate with good work. No jab
too small and nono too large, if
you need printing you might as well
get it from us ns from anyone else.
Anything in the way of Letterheads,
liillheads, Envelopes, Cards, 1'osters
or such like is right in our line.
Send us your printing and tell your
frh'tids about us. THE "WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER. B. C.
JWardi it.
I'   J-Jl
Socialist Party of Canada
E. P. Pettipiece,  secretary.
Vancouver, B. C.
Vancouver, Ii. C, March 5—Present: A. B. Stebbings. chairman; Jno.
Cameron, W. H. Flowers. C. O'Brien,
C. Paters, Organizer Kingsley and
the secretary.
Mlimtre of previous meeting read
and adopted.
Correspondence : From H. H.
Stuart, Harcourt, N. B., re preparation for organization and affiliation
with party.
From Ben. W. Bakes, Vancouver,
interpretation of letter from the
Bureau Socialists International, Mai-
aon due Peuple, Bruxelles, notifying
committee of change in secretary.
"Citizen" Victor Seiwy has be;u
by "Citizen" Camile Huys-
The letter is signed by Comrade* Anseele and Vandervelde, on
bSJlslf of the International Executive
From H. B. Siemon, Winnipeg, re
application for affiliation.
From Chas. F. Lowrie, Claresholm,
Alt*., re application for affiliation
nnd further information re organization, ate.    Sec to reply.
From 0. W. Wrigley, Toronto, re
application for affiliation. ,
From British Columbia Executive
Committee: f5 for due stamps.
After considerable discussion upon
the subject the following motion was
Flowers-Cameron—That hereafter
this committee will purchase, print
and handle such party literature as
it til wis At and in line with the
party's policy, and that all Locals
in Canada be requested to place their
orders with this committee, with a
view to building up a literature fund
of such proportions as will enable
the Committee to supply "Canadian"
educational matter at the lowest
possible cost.
Accounts for printing laid over till
meeting.     Adjournment.
towards  expenses.    Failing    receipt]
of sufficient monies by  March Sth  lo |
j cover same,  secretary to arrange lor |
;     Secretary   to   advise    Locals     ton-1
earned re change.
j     Cameron on  behalf of  Victoria Lo-
i cal, So. 2, presented a list of suggestions to Executive Committee
which received due attention.
He international Labor Day celebration. May 1st While Executive is
not in position to undertake a joint
celebration at some central point
this year, it urges upon all locals to
do their utmost to locally celebrate
the workers' real international Labor Day, May 1st, to the end that
we may be able to join hands in Ihe
revolutionary display at some future
He furnishing names of secretaries
of Ixwals' Flowers-Peters—That
Victoria Local be notified that if
they have any proposition, amendments etc., to plaie before the members of this party, the Committee is
prepared to fulfil its function as an
He coreespondeiice: Pettiplece-Plow-
ers—That   Comrade Cameron, on ue-
ball   of   Victoria   Local   be  given  access  to all  correspondence.
Re publishing all party correspondence and proceedings; a motion
stands upon the records instructing
secretary to publish only a synopsis
of party proceedings. No money to
pay for paper large enough to handle
same in full.
e • • • •
• •*••••••••• •
: ICPrtviaciilExecitive ;
• -.#■ ■ ',,'     '-- ■       - •
•    Socialist Party of Canada.       *
e e e • • •
Address all communications re
Party affairs to the secretary, R. P.
Pettipiece, 25 Tenth avenue, east,
Vancouver, B. C.
Vancouver, B. C, March 5.—(Room
10, Masonic Block)—Present: A. R.
Stebbings, chairman; W. H. Flowers,
Cha«. O'Brien, C. Peters, Organizer
Kingsley and the secretary.
Communications: From Victoria
Local, No. 2— Credentials for J. M.
Cameron during his sojourn in the
city, ns per Art. iv., sec. 2 of the
Upon motion of Comrades Flowers
nnd O'Brien, Comrade Cameron was
seated as a member of the Executive.
. From Greenwood Local, No. 9, re
organiser's tour and change of secretaryship. Organizer to note same
nnd "entertain" the Oreenwood comrades accordingly.
From H. Elliott, per Western Clarion,  enclosing $1.00 for organizing
Vananda Local, Due stamps...$ 2 50
Vananda  Local,   organizing
fund        a 00
Nanaimo Local, due stamps... 5 00
Earl   Prather,   Penlicton, dues 20
Vancouver Local, membership
cards   25
Vancouver Local, due stamps 1 00
H   Elliott, per Western Clarion,
organizing fund      1  00
Total $i;j 00
Paid over to Treasurer;
Expenditure :
Warrant No. 13, Secretary's
salary February  .,  ...$ 5 00
Warrant No. 19, 100 due stamps
from Dominion Executive ...    5 00
Warrant No. 20, Customs duty
on "six  copies   "Capital"... 80
Total      $10 80
Balance on, hand last week... S 8 00
Balance  on   hand   this  week...$10 2o
Total receipts for February, $a9.40
Revelstoke Local, No. 7, re
organizer's tour, and report for
From Nelson Local No. 4, re or-
•'s tour, co-operating with
aland and Greenwood as to
dates, etc.
From Nanaimo Local, No. 3, enclosing $5 for due stamps, and in re
Mrs. Smith's tour.
From Chas. H. Kerr & Co., receipt
for $10 for copies of Marx's capital.
From Earl Prather, Pentlcton, B.
C, enclosing signed application for
membership as member-at-large in
party; also 25c for first month's
dues. Received and accepted. Secretary to issue card, etc.
From Vancouver Local re rent account, and order for $5 worth of literature. Secretary to send counter
—fount, and arrange settlement
forthwith. Literature to be supplied
an requested.
From Rossland Local, No. 25, re
Organiser's tour. Organizer to note
Accounts: From secretary for 80
cents duty on six copies of Marx's
Capital. Flowers-O'Brien—That war,
rant Be drawn for same, but that
secretary be instructed to write the
Customs department, Ottawa, pro-
tasting against the payment of duty
on scientific works, when same are
legally "duty free."
Organiser Kingsley reported his
Inability because of Clarion business
to go into the interior as scheduled,
hot promised that he and Comrade
Hewtboruthwalte would go together
an soon as the House adjourned.
After some little discussion, upon
motion of Comrades Peters and Cu-
sneron, it was decided that Chas.
O'Brien be sent to fill party organiser's dates in upper country. A
warrant for $50 was ordered drawn
E. Dynes, secretary Oreenwood Local, has gone to Trail, D. C, to
take a job in the pastoral art, nn
ambiguity unerplainable. Robt. Hallow is his successor.
Some weeks ago Locals were requested by the Executive to elect a
press correspondent to see that reports of meetings, etc., were promptly sent to the Clarion, so that we
can better keep in touch with each
other and the Canadian movement
The eastern revolutionists are falling into line.    Watch 'cr grow !
All propaganda literature will hereafter be purchased, published or
handled by the Dominion Executive
Committee.    Send in your orders.
2,000 copies of "Wage-Labor and
Capital" 5-cent pamphlets, issued by
the Dominion Executive, will bo
ready for mailing shortly. To Locals, 2J cents each. See that your
Local places an order next meeting.
Hail, Toronto! The first to get
their money down for affiliation with
the. Socialist Party of Canada. A
fine list of signatures to the application, too. The workers' slogan in
the cent-belt, like that in British
Columbia, will be "We) must write
the law."
is what you'll lind our stock.
It will grace the table of any home
and can be looked at with a feeling
of pride.
A wonderful collection of many useful articles, in various shapes and
designs can I be viewed among our
complete stock of crockery. Nothing
will improve-the borne more than a
fine set of dishes. You can buy a
nice set right here. Odd pieces can
also be bought, if desired.
Our prices are also very attractive.
McLachlan Bros., Ltd.
800 laborers on strike at the Republic Iron and Steel Works, East
Chicago, may lead up to an entire
shut-down of the plant. The men
had been receiving as much for seven
hours' work on Sunday, as for the
ordinary week day of ten hours.
When the pay lor Sunday work was
reduced the men made a demand for
an increase of fifteen cents per day
which upon being refused, they went
on "strike. The increase demanded
would have brought the wage up to
the princely sum of SI.50 per day.
The usual, scenes of violence occurred
at once and a large part of the factory windows were broken.
A big strike is on in the city of
New York affecting the entire street
railway system. An army of seven
hundred strike breakers has been requisitioned by the companies to aid
in breaking the strike. One serious
accident in which 29 persons were
injured, as well as several minor
casualties have already occurred. An
ultimatum has been issued to the
company officials that if they do not
come to terms in twenty-four hours
the engineers and firemen will be
railed out. It is a waste of time to
predict the utter failure of the strikers in either case, to attain their demands. That they will be whipped
is a foregone conclusion. The propensity of workingmen to repeat such
performances, time and time again,
in the face of defeat that is absolutely certain, must be left among
the unexplained psychological phenomena.
The many frien.is of John T. Mortimer will be pleased to know that
even the chill of a Manitoba winter
has not succeeded in destroying his
interest in questions affecting the
welfare ot his class, nor his vigor in
expressing himself in relation thereto.
A discussion pio and con has been
going on of late through the columns
of the Winnipeg Voice in which John
T. has taken an occasional hand.
The following reply to an adversary
appeared in the voice ol March 3.
To the 'Editor of the Voice :
Sir—Mr. Allan Thompson is great
on assumptions. Indeed, in his reply to my letter of Feb. 7 he wishes
those assumptions in every case to
have the weight of a proven fact. He
says "it is one of the weaknesses of
Socialists to deny that there is such
a thing as natural law in the distribution of wealth.'' Now, sir, 1 for
one do not acknowledge such weakness. There is a natural law in the
distribution of wealth. The worker
produces it antt the capitalist absorbs it. That is all the law there
is ut present. The sume kind of law
that obtains among other animals
than men. The jackal runs down the
prey nnd the lion eats it. He says
again. "That the Socialists while
they admit that the Creator ordained laws for the government of matter which every raindrop, etc, must
obey, they deny thut in the moral
•phere—for the distribution of wealth
is a matter of morals—there is any
such thing as natural law, and so
seek by their puny wisdom to supply
the oversight of the Omniscient."
Now, again I must deny the soft
Impeachment. 1 don't know—emphasis on tbe know—'bat the Creator
ordained any kind of law, moral or
Otherwise; neither for that matter
does Mr. Thompson know. He assumes and believes, that is all. So
not Delng guilty on the first count,
f am exempt from all that follows
and depends on it. Hut not so Mr.
Thompson, He believes the Creator
fixed natural laws for the distribution of wealth, and yet don't have
<=ense enough to enforce them until
several thousand million years elapsed and llenr.v George and Mr.
Thompson got. around with single
tax to "supply the oversight of the
"Omniscient." As to this being a
moral universe, T for one fail to perceive the morality of it. Where is
the morality of the wolf preying on
the defenceless sheep and the Christian capitalist exploiting child labor?
All down the centuries it is one
black record of cruelty and wrong,
and if there is a time when morals
shall govern, mo thinks 'tis in the
distant future. Mr. Thompson is
also an ailep'. at changing his
ground. In his letter which inspired
my attack he distinctly wrote that
under single tax "competition would
force   wages   up."     1   proved   that   if
Burns & Co.!
1 < <
Second Hand Dealers.
Largest  and cheapest stock of <,
',; ; Cook Stoves in the City. <>
,'< !     Boom Chains, \ugers, Loggers' ] [
: Jackets, etc. <»
Mutt reduce stock in next sixty < j
Remember the place
101 Powell Street
1171       Voeceever, B. 8. jj
Needed in Every Home
A Dictionary ef ENGLISH,
Biography, Geography, Fiction, otc.
New Plates Throughout
25.000  New Words
Phraaee   aad   Definitions
Prepared under the direct supervision of W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., LL.D.,
United Slates Commissioner of Education, assisted by a large corps of coin -
petent specialists and editors. '
Rich Bindings 2364 Quarto Pagos
5000 Illustrations
S3TThe International was first issued
in 1890, succeeding tlie "Unabridged."
The New and Enlarged Edition of the
International teas issued in October
1900. Oet the latest and best.
We also publish
Wsbalor'a Colloslalo Dictionary
with Glossary of Scottish Worrlsaml I'hrnsos
1100 PSfSt,   llMlllMtnUlOM.   Bll*7ll0itl>llocliM.
'First-class In quality, second-claw In slxe."
Specimen pages, etc. of both       , „,.
books sent on application.    S (A
G. 6 C. MERRI AH CO. / toSss
Publisher..        \CS^St
Springfield, Mnss.
"No Charge lor the Name, the Cost ia all ia the Clothes."
Most makers lay great stress on the name.    We devote our
attention to the Clothes.    We realize that when we "deliver the
goods" the name will take care of itself.
"vStilenfit" Ready-for-Service Suits, $12. and $15. up to $30.
Special line ot Troaiera lor 9 3.00
Corner Granville and
Pender Streets
soli: AGENTS FOR  "STILENFIT"   clothes
Samples and blank measu rements sent on application.
• To Those Who Are Not on the
• Voters'  List.
• At  the request of Local Van-
• couvcr,   ».  P.  of B.   C,  I have
• been appointed commissioner for
• taking affidavits in the Supreme
• court, under the Provincial Elec-
• tions Act   in the Vancouver City
• Electoral District.
• For    the    accommodation    of
• those  who  have not  yet placed
• their names upon the voters' list
• I will  be at the Socialist hend-
• quarters,     313    Cambie   street,
• room 1   second floor, each week
• day between the hours of 6 and
• 7 p. m., for the purpose of tak
• Ing affidavits to enable them to
• be placed upon the list.
The wail of the Liberals as they
look himgerlly towards tho treasury
benches hath a sound peculiarly like
that of an Infant squalling for a sugar-tit. Presumably It is prompted
by Dip same motive.
Workingmen Are Always Welcome at
New Fountain Hotel
0. SCHWAHN, Proprietor -
Meals 25 cents and up.
Bods, 25 cents per night.
Booms $1.50 per week and up.
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver, B.C.
We would esteem it an especial favor if a report were sent in for publication of all propaganda meetings
held. Also of such occurrences as in
any way touch upon the labor question or have any hearing, adversely
or otherwise, upon the Interests of
the men and women who toil.
Matter thus sent in can be made
use of in the Clarion columns, although we reserve the privilege of
re-writing if necessary. The fourth
page of the paper will be given over
to party reports, and news matter,
and if locals will send in reports and
write-ups it can be made of Interest
to all and of value to the movement
in general.
Locals are also invited to insert a
notice under "Socialist Directory"
head  at.  the rate of one  dollar per
month. <
The militia is never culled out to
suppress the enemies of the working
class, hut always for the purpose of
strengthening the capitalist's hold
upon his wuge slaves,—Voice of Labor.
Will the industrial unionism advocated by the Voice of I.abor ulter
the situation ?
The Labour Gazette for February
says "the month of January was remarkably free from industrial accidents." This is shown by small list
of killed and injured during that
period. The former numbered but
44 and the latter 104. There were
no capitalists included in the list.
every worker had a job and "at! he
earned"     the    law    oi    competition!
would cease to operate as far as fixing   wages  was  concerned.     Now,   he
says  that the  competition  would  be:
to  sen »ho could  become "mentally. |
morally,     spiritually   nnd   physically]
greatest."     Now—excepting   possibly
"spirituolly"  as  I  don't know   what;
that means—I never denied that ernu-j
lation in this respect would continue'
to  exist  in any  change ia  the  mode i
oi  wealth production,  but 1  still  iu- j
gist   tout,  ine   "1UW  oi  competition j
wo:,id nave absolutely nothing to uo
with  living  uuges  in  the  meal  slulo
referred to.    au°. Thompson recognizes,     however,   thui  i  nave  i>ui   uiy
lunger   OB   the   weak   spot   of   Single
Tax—the justification oi interest taking:      llul  he  contents  luiusell   wilh
the vague hope that il  will not continue,     lie  sa\s,   "ii  it  is  unjust  it
will   not  long   survive  land  monopoly."       Why    not,    Mr.    i lioinpson '.'
Things that are unjust have survived
a  good many  economic,changes  and
in a j be  interest   would   live   on.     lie
again says,  "in  this case of interest
ii  will cease with conditions of freedom."     Well,   sir,   1  am   in    uccord
with that statement, but 1 deny that
single tax will  mean freedom for  the
worker so long as the essential  tools
of   weulth  production  belong   to   another und  he himself remains an  article of merchandise,  and  so  far  Mr.
Thompson    has   not   mad.-   good   on
this  point.     In   fact,   single   tux   has
u meaning and an Interest for landlords   versus   capitalists,   and     them
only.    11 the capitalists did not have
to   pay   thu   landlord   lor   the   use   ol
land   the  entire   amount    would    remain in his pocket, the worker would
tie  no   better  and  no  worse  oil   lliun
at present, in conclusion i wish to
refer to u statement which you i|iiuu-
ii'uiu ioisioi as selling lorin Hie .-socialist position. He iTpUKolj suys
"tiic Socialists advise wonangmun
to abandon the land and luke possession of factories, etc." 1 should
like to see unybody dig up a statement like that from any socialist
text book, it would be worth looking at. No, sir, the socialist su>s:
gel hold of the public power, get possession of the reins oi government,
then work your sweet will as the
capitalists do now; as the feudal
lords once did. Take land, take factories, and all you need to suit your
own interest. We are not so illogical as the single taxer, who would
have us content ourselves with a
shovel, when both pick and shovel
are necessary.
Yours truly,
John T. Mortimer.
Negligee Shirt
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive  patterns  are now k
some of the choice ones will besKU
early,   and   some  of   the  designs J
cannot  duplicate.     If i0u appreci,*'
unusual styles it trill >utarest you
come promptly. to
Fiatiron Hats
„ The Smartest Soil Nat ol tne Statu
These Hats have been enthusiast
rally received by young men [roj
the very first day we brought (JJ
out. Neither trouble nor o«rZj
has been saved in the prodmtjun Z
these goods, as you will cheerful)]
acknowledge  upon examination.
KILKUY,  MUKliArl   lid., in,
hit Miama >i.«cl
"They who lie down with dogs, get
up with Ileus." When tioiiipe s sits
between llelmont and Easli y and
gets up wilh a headache, he must
not blame the Socialists for it! — 1.x
Chattel slavery was only a [* i
fected stage of cannibalism, mst. .is
wage slavery represents a pcrfvctitl
stage of chattel slavery. It is 'he
old story of the lien furnishing g'ji
den eggs over again. ll is more
economical and refined to eat up
other people's muscles, bones, sinews, blood und marrow Incorporated in human labor, than to cut flesh
in the literal meaning of the word.
—Isador  I.adoff.
Capital is the most terrible
scourge of humanity. It fattens on
the misery of the poor, the degradation of the worker and the brutalizing toil of his wife and children,
.lust as capital glows, so grows also pauperism, that millstone around
the neck of civilization, the revolting
cruelties of our factory system, the
squalor of great cities, and the presence of deep poverty seated hard by
the gate of enormous wealth.—Karl
"Wage-Labor    ana     Capital" C|«
come   iroiii   Uie   ciariou   picas  n,.,
WtM*> in iicut und uuracutc lurm.
is oue oi  iue uttst  psjnpahna i»,,uJ
und   .-ii.mm   be   iu   Uie  pObSmuiioil
ttvery   wurtaug man  in    cuiuiu* i
elsewhere. mill lis contend, cate
,iiu> lead aud thoroughly aiuui™
ino uoikvis will Ue wen on Uie w»
io u complete unuerstanolug uwn^
sell and ms posiuon uuuei Uiu ru
ol capital and Us Wagu sjsiu,
BUCb an und* i siamiuig taiiuot w \u
complete and thorough in urUer i
satiny guioe linn along tile imu
correct action in Uie IrreprustiM
coiulicl between capital anu lubui
wntcli even now is shaping iisell, si
must reach Its cuiiuinuiiou m ^
near future, lo acquire llus uwajd
tuies reading und study, u u,
duly every worner not only u»,
himself  but ins class.
'1 no publication of "Wage-Labi
and Capital" will be followed un
oilier pamphlets of u similar ciium
"Wage-Labor and Capital," singt
copy  o cents; .
0 copies 2."> cents;
1 j copies 50 cents;
•Ul copies 50 cents;
40 copies $1.00,
100   copies   und   over,   2  cents ;r
These rates include postage to ai
part of Canada or  United States.
Uox  s:iii Vancouver, I), t
'   Lawrence Ivorson, of Nelson, fl.C
Bends $8.7fS in payment of five butsj
gathered     at   that   point.    He
promises   more  to   follow.    This
the sort of assistance that counlsi
the long  run.    Quite needless tu sil
that,  it   is highly  appreciated in I
Wo   acknowledge   iiuite   a   list i
subs,   from   Weston   Wrigley,  of ~i\
ronto. Ont.    Those who are acquairl
ed with Wrigley know him tor »hsf
tier  and  can    therefore     understti
why the subs.
in Opportune
fime for Reading
tirop in snd see our splendid sssortti
if reading matter. Try our b
exchange. Return two old books i
eo.'ivt one new one.
It mi 14 Arcafle.       SSI Meetl M|
Mail orders promptly attended to
15S Cordova St. Weil,
Vaocoover. I. C.
Vancouver Co-Operative Association!
532 Westminster Avenue
Positively the Best Bread in the City
Telephone 1734
C. N. Lee, Manager
A Union Shop and Endorsed by Every Union in Vancouver
Do 7ou Want the Best of Everyllung ?
Wo Soil the  Very best in the Wny of MK lit nt l'rlros   that   cannot be Hs*1"1
The Nernst Electric Lamp
Is the lntost snd  ureal est boon ofTered  to the public both for cheapm'*" »'"1
brilliancy.    Call ami ses us shout rates, otc.
B. C. Electric Railway Co. c"Mr Xi£.,*,Tiw"


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