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The Western Clarion Aug 18, 1906

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l'l/"*"! • •■■'■'" i f>->
mfmiVt I Vf-,1 -—_
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
*__.   386.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, August 18, 1906.
subscription Fries ai Afl
P»Y.-.        SI.UU
rand Theatre Crowded to the Doors on Sunday August
12 to Listen to J. It. Hawthornthwaite on Revolutionary
Socialism—Hundreds Turned Away—Enthusiasm Galore.
..,,...,.,.     Theatre,     thia   city,   wus
",i,n to tho doors on Suiwuy ev-
uisi  io listen  io  Couirauu j.
lUlwtiiornthwaite on Hevolutiou-
ii.iiidii-iii> were turn*
llllUI ^^^
fueling  upcm-i
i. iptjeae*
Iraet ia*_ifesi**o
,.,-,.   j.univuiii'iy
" BiK'iiuuUl* llluib fur thu fol
il    li.r      plcbcUl    lehlilio
arrtviM ior  iiu-tu  io
ua me heating capacity  ul
will,  nil*'1*   lu'-_   helot e  lite
■J, lie  temper   ol   tno
u,e  iiuuo  ulU-iaiou  given
I,.I   Hie   . i.Iiium.iMIi:   lli-
Ui   I llu   movement
notieoanloi and
n us poiivuiouH >f ax*
„i  uatst
u.v H     „^^^^^^^^_
uMI  ji...u..r  attempt   ui   uuiiiii.m-
uini   »..nd-I.UKB>i.g   UW  el cior-
,;I una viiI uuu province.      A*
to bu expected Ine I-1*tf*_l** Could
Ui.i i" i refrain irom advertising iho
iai-.   approaching    uiasuluuvn ui
wcUiiui.li- ountulnatlon oi paiitl-
.iH'.uM   An imiiwiiuui sporting tus
.:„..:.ill id KUlie, poppv-U up uv Uiu
icloau i'i iiuwuioriiihwuiio a uU-
,..., wiib ii iii»i ni some in upaa-
ot embodying about every sur,,,.
. ..; ueiiyaebe with u-nicb tht lib*
i warty   or ti«i various aasortod
...    la   iherool,   bave  been  ullliel-
aahag  recent   mouths,    t'ne quee-
i,, iiaicb wore banded In In wni-
. ts n i ..in luhivc onr-marM of Hav-
| uvi. prepared by some legal iuui-
ine sorts-nosed und tender-
unity Ui.it liua tl..unshed m
, province sn.ie mm daya of ibe
jinrun ministry, uf abbreviated
I,sot uue of these oximtloaa hud an}
Mring upon mo subject oi mo e*-
ii.i, ur an} reference to the prin-
|.|.*     .-I lultUH 111     th*     „U*-iuil*>l
ir-aneul.    Tneir entire tenor men*-
inuscstod   un    uitcmpi to tnrow
eredll  upon  Hnwthorathwalte fur
lis action   in ine  uini«...    iii.Diiu-.vii
hia aclione m tbe boflee huve rc-
ii.it tnuat    I'luphuiic   endoreenent
tin. working men of the province,
attested   by   Uie  rouf.ui)'   und  _n-
talaatic taeetinga given htn during
rn nit   trip,      und  ul   which  lliib
.itiitiiur    meeting    uus a sample
»u i hoi i.tliwuite  i un   Will   ull.ird   lu
up..ii   p..-.       iriinlit    .||.lis   to
|p"gn   hi- motive*, and din' icill him
tin/ .-j.:s of hia tefious, v*.11it ibe
Iiiiuki unconcern.
it  tin- Biaaa "i tbe addreaa ■ cnl-
liuii waa latum to defray the ex-
uae of tbe meeting,   'ihe eolleotioa
mated tn over $47.   Tbe follow-
luU'ii from tbe "World" of Hon*
y,  tiiL'  lath,  it* u  fuir report of
meeting.    The credit for ihi_ .*,
iloulit one to the reporter .
lilr   Jluwthi.mthwuiU-. uftor u briel
Jir.«)in.tori*, reference to the tour he
Hi just   couiplelod,   uiidrestK-d   hlui-
ii in un expomitiuu ui revolution*
SucUUiea,   A greut muny people
laid, hud un Idea thut the cupit-
' aystam of production hud axtat*
lince   ihe  lH<ginuing  ol   lime  und
h>M continue to exiiil  through ull
p*-   lhal  Impineelnn   «ua  entirely
'.Uli.   The Ryvtem under  vv huh  tbe
,    tmre Buffering   today  «„ ..
|'fti|..i!„tivijly    modern    in»tituiion.
u mutter of fuel, it  waa practi-
►■■}* inaugurated sumo nix or seven
pmdred twain ngo.   Wtaviotti to that
"" ii hud oalated sporadically, «a
.■ Ktentista say—tbat la, in spots.
tiu'i been preceded by the ayatem
'"ii  us    feudal     svrvittide,  which,
"in. hud bees proceded by a aye-
{•in of production by menu of chut-
rl  alavery,     ,\t  ttiis ituint   it   wus
'•"   to   rt.nit'tulier   thut   while   muny
Mi  thought   ihey   were   free  an  the
r, nn.l u good deal fiwr. the blood
the sirf and ihu chattel slave ran
tho veins. ,,[ ,.v,.rv „llo „* them.
v..is the blood of the Chattel slave
Pucb made then cringe to the hiuk-
pa town un.i boost ihemaelvea ut
•"■Ppl-oval,    A   great   number    of
im notloaa provaOad about wealth,
[any believed thnt wealth wus mon-
. ana Unit money hud the power
itsi'f ,,f creating wealth.   Tradea
pnoQtati    vera   familiar    with the
'"-ils.    "l^ibor  crentea   all   wenlth.
I"'1 to labor it should belong.'' That
ii entirely rieht.   There whs anoth-
liriiiil  iiHtially exhibited    on    tho
IWla of tradea union buildinga which
-bought, ehnuld bo taken down ua
E"« m poaaible : "A fuir day's pay
'n bur dnj's work." Thut waa an
•"-fnordinary idea. As n matter of
"". Wealth conaiated, not in money,
"' »' i oiiimoditleu. The woallh Of
'**■' imtion simply consisted of the
'm M the commodities it hnd ac-
'|',""l,l,"d  as  the proceeds Of  labor.
said the apeaker, "thut you fellows
ur.' a lot of   Jaclcaaaea.    i don't iie-
lievc thnt there's a sinulu working-
iiuin in this audience, if he would apply himself to this problem—the
thickest-headed galoot in the whole
crowd—l don't believe he could not
greap it. if lie paid eurn.-st at tent i. n
to me for a few moments."
The final price of a commodity was
determined, be said, by certain laws
—nul   laws  written   in  the  provincial
legislature, with Poolev in the chair,
but invisible and Innate in the system of i.roil.id ion under which we
lived nnd Were producing wealth. No
laws |.esse.I by trade unions or by
the Dominion house, could for a
tingle moment overthrow or dominate these laws. There was the lnw of
•mpplv and demand, with which thc
speaker proceeded to deal, and the
law of competition, which he also
dealt   with.
The working man, he resumed, existed by the sale ot his lubor power
in the labor market. 1-abor power
hud the same qualities us other coin-
Diodltlea. The use vulue of lubor
power wus work. Its exchange vulue
wns expressed in money, which worki
ing men culled wages. The cost of
the ,.. -.—nmmmm—m^^—^^mmmmm
the cost of his existence and the
propagation of his species. The
working mnn had to contrive to propagate slaws to tie exploited by the
capitalist   cluss.      It   was  true   that
70 or MO per cent, waa it to be
thought for a single moment that
tho workers would stand idly ..-.
those fuctory gutes und ace their
children atarve, their wives sutler or
their duughiere starve or worse? Or
Waa il not to be thought ihut seeing
no hope they would turn in their
might uguinst them and destroy
ihem and overwhelm in their ruins
the entire system of capitalists production ? There was also the growth
and organisation of the machinery of
distribution—the trust, und the fuct
thut of ull lhe countries in the world
China alone remained uneXploited,
anil wus beginning to be exploited by
capitalism. Mr. Hawthornthwaite
perorated with a reference to the re<i
 o ■
you are  branded     an  agitator,   end
put on the black list.
Third,  there  is  a  system  of compulsory insurance which costs a dol-j	
lar per month, and which covers you j -_—_—_——————__—_—_—_.
E«fi.1^ Observations Upon  the  Rights of  Labor,  Political
but  reduces  chances  of suit in  case j
Of injury. g\\
liberal Support of a Notorious Renegade.
For some    time    past  the Mining
companies    of    the    Coeur d'Alenea
have been advertising for men and
us usual in such cases setting forth
only thut which best suits their purpose in inducing men to come into a
district, where they dare not say
their soul is their own. We therefore*.
set forth some of the conditions existing in this district, which lave
not been mentioned in the aforesaid
appeal   for  men.
First, ever since 1899 they lave
had in operation in the Coeur d'Al-
I'lics the most completely despotic
and tyrannical system of blacklisting
in existence, and when a working
man comes to this district if he
would work it must lie under the ex-
_!__.._.i__   ~t Ta-Kna  iuimi>   -as i actions of this system which  is con-
i.i ...lui.t ion   oi   lanor  power  was •
1 .. ... ui.. ..-I.4..-J".,. nr,i the I ducted through twp employment offices, located in Wallace and Wardner
and al) men employed by the Standard Oil interests, or the Hunker Hill
and Sullivan Mining Co.. must pass
through this hell of iniquity in order
to get employment, and in the event
of     running   the   gauntlet   nf   quee-
Fourth, the working mun gets less
Of the necessities of life, for his money in this camp than in any other
camp in the United States, with the
Mime transportation facilities und
Fifth, there are two reasons for
the inauguration of the eight hour
duy, which in reality has turned out
to lie a nine hour day. First, to line
the workers up for the (I. 0. i\ in
the coming election, second, to induce an influx of men in order thut
the field of labor may be glutted,
thereby putting the mine owners m
a position to freely discharge agitators und those whom they have reason to believe will not support them
in the coming election. These luetics have been resorted to in the
past, und from thc standpoint of
those who dominate the poiiticni situation in thia county, thc necessity
wai never greater. Working men.
stay away from the Coeur d'Alenea
.1.   K.  BRAM.KY,
Acting President.
JOS  F.   Hutchinson,   Sec.  Treas.
Cry-Babies, the Dime of Being Poor and Consistent
the homes of the working class to lay
aero nothing more or less thun
breeding pons for slaves for exploit
ation by the capitalist cluss The
value changed in olicdience to the
operation of the law of supply and
demand. Trades unions hud been organized for the purpose of defeating
and overthrowing this law und the
'.i iv   of  competition.   They form,  us
Marx put it. resisting pt>i£ts to the
capitalist cluss thut help, in some
i uses, to prevent the capitalist cluss
The official statistics of Dresden,
Germany, just published, show thut
over 2,500 dogs have been eaten in
that city during the first three
months of the present year. The
eating of dog meat is on the increase owing to the high price of
lieef and mutton. It is now- proposed to turn the flesh of healthyy dogs
which are taken to the pound to account, and use them as food in the
almshouses und such institutions, in*
ste«d of destroying the carcases, as
i.s done at present. This is a matter that should  not be overlooked by
and     he  proceeded   to  do  so.
« chair ns an illustration. The
lie said, hud a use value.   The
nig,, value of tho chair, ho pro-
iT"*-*''» was expressed in money, and
*'' amount of that money waa do-
"•uliied by the amount of necessary
power    embodied     in  its  con-
("iiti.,n.    Th,, difference  in thc ox-
* nngc value of a chair and a piano
r,'l|'v.sciitod    the     difference    in   the
"'""nt  of lnbor necoasafy for their
).**'■■■ •■•*'*»„:"f,Y<if..nodlUe*> l.ad whut
Mniwi, l|H rt nn||. WikiUOi |UM| this
1 "v "ho  of the  most  difficult  prob-
""IN In  cnpitnllst   production.     The
I'l'Haiisis   of foday, not the little
■"•■lows here, hut tho great big fel-
■"•''•. knew that Socialism must
.."'"". but they hoped it would he
. "''Wed because they realized Inhor-
""" men hail not. sufficient intelli-
}''•"<<> to grapple with these problems  In  economics.    "They   think,"
from over riding the lubor class and j ".'","'c
forcing values below- the cost of pro- l"*w***ei
(taction. He did not wish to dispur-
trades unions. Tiny had enabled
....rising men. in some cases, to make
a better bargain with the capitalist
claas, and he realised fully the light
thst tradea unions have put up from
time to lime to resist the encroachments of the capitalists The history
of trades unionism hud lieen one of
heroism right through from the
atart. The sacrifices trades unions
hud mudu on the industriul Add
were enough to strike the world wjih
wonder. Men had starved, women
had gone without food, and allowed
their children to go without food,
sooner thun con*|>elc unfuirly one
aguinst another, or sell their labor
for one cent less than they thought,
wus the price. The Socialists went
further than the unionists. They
said thnt not only were working
men robbed of a few cents sn hour,
or u few hours a day. *j*ut that tbey
were robbed every day of four-fifths
of the Values they produced. Capitalistic production required tbat the
Capitalist class should own the
means of wealth production, and
thnt they should lie backed up in
their ownership by the powers of the
state ; uud nlso. that the worker
should be free to sell his lubor power in the market, nnd should be compelled to sell his labor power in order to live. The Socialists said this
was a slave system—the wage system was simply u system of slavery.
"They tulk to me about being a
revolutionary sociulist," cried thu
Speaker. "There ure thousands and
hundreds of thousands of isjs.
We are all sluves. They talk
about me us lieing in the vanguard, -though not a leader,' in this
province.    Vou   cun   bet  your   life   I
am u revolutionary Sociallat—revolutionary to the lust degree. Knowing thnt i am u slave, and thut 1
am producing children nnd rearing
them for lhe slave markets of the
world, if 1 thought I could not obtain  emancipation for those l love
and brought into the World 1 would
lie a revolutionary sociulist in the
sense in which our enemies understand, or, at leant, apply, the word.
If I thought I could not obtain my
emancipation und my children's b.v
peaceful means—by menus of tbe ballot box—I tell you and the World—
'the pa|>or that prints the facts'—
thnt l would lie organising In thla
province a riflo brigade to fight for
my  freedom.    (Loud  applause.)
Elaborating the statement that
wages bore little or no relationship
to the value of production, and that
surplus values were the profits ot
capital, he declared that all business
today consisted of a scramble for
surplus values. Then ho passed on
to the region of prophesy. "Whether
you want it, or don't want it," lie
declared, "inside of ten yenrs, ut the
most, every man Jack of you will be
Socialists, iwolut'.oniiry or otherwise,"
Three forces, he declared were niov-i
'dig 5fT***l«i •'••>' towards thb: foi*ma**l iXi/tf
tion of a cooperative common-' ' '
wenlth. The development of machinery in production had produced tho
result thnt while in 1R0O, In tho
United States IS per cent, of the
workers were nut of employment—
not the same men all the time, but
tho name number of men nt, any
time—In 1903 the proportion hnd
risen to 49.57. The ratio was con-
stnntly  increasing.   When it reached
tions asked, you go to work under
the watchful care of that degenerate
specimen   of   humanity,   the   spotter,
who upon hearing or even suspecting , ^^^^^^_^_^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
yon of showing any signs of inde-!.capitalists^ oii^ this side of the pond
pendeiice.  immediately reports to his j ' bete * —
muster,  the employment   ugent,  who | •****•* ^^^^^^^^^_^_^^^^^^^^^^
is   monarch   of  all"  he   surveys,   and i lo"s'' -<> K° » •■••*<*: **'»>* towards feed-
holds in his power that much lauded
right   of  the  working  man  to   work
when,     where,     nnd     for     whom he
is  no  doubt  a  sufficient  num-
of  stray     dogs  running  around
ng their active wage slaves, to say
nothing of the old ami broken down
ones. By UtlUklng Ihem for food and
doing away  with so much expensive
Collier's Weekly Prattles About fair Trials, While Moyer,
Haywood and Pettibone Languish in Jail—Winnipeg
Aldermen Look out for the Main Chance.
The  Socialists    in  convention  in! just   as   "silly    and   disgusting"   as
Idaho  passed   a  resolution  declaring j thorn    condenine d   by  the  editorial
. _r„. i writer of Collier's.     No    doubt the
him In
'    In   a
their belief in the innocence of Moy
er, Haywood and Pettibone, charged
with the murder of former Uovenier
Steunenberg, As they don't know-
whet her these men are innocent or
not. and only know that they are
Socialists, they would do better to
wish for a fair tria.1 and not turn
what ought to be a simple matter of
evidence into a party issue. John
AI. Martin, nominating Haywood for
Governor of Colorado, is reported to
have concluded his uddress with lhe
following gentle observation : "Apd
if they refuse to release him we muy
feel impelled to march to Idaho and
lo take our chief executive by force,
if necessary, ont of the teeth of the
dogs of capital and carry
triumph to our st alehouse
country like ours such words are as
silly as they are disgusting."
The above is from Collier's Weekly
thut valiant defender of the "people" from the "robber trusts." its
mission is not to defend the working cluss against the robber capitalists, this robbery it deems quite
right and proper. Its "people" ure
the smaller robbers of the working
class whom it seeks to rescue from
the financial abyss Into which the
pressure of the trusts threatens to
hurl them. Thus it is with the
llenrst journals, with W. .1. Bryan,
and with our own trust busters.
They all hnve one thing in common—
nn earnest desire to continue themselves and their section of the capitalist class on the bucks of the workers. This fart may bc readily seen
by nil that will.
To talk of o "fair trial" of men
who have lieen in prison within a
few days of six months when the constitution guarantees them a speedy
trial, is to talk nonsense. Fairness
would not huve railroaded thc men
from one stato to another without
giving them a chance to obtain tho
advantages of the law, nor would it
deem six months necessary for gathering the evidence of the prosecution
nor would it allow the parties interested In the prosecution to proclaim
the licensed guilty before they are
Fairness has been a stranger
.... whole business, us it was in
the Rnymarpet affair, and as it will
be to t.ho ond of capitnlism ; where
the working class interests are concerned. Judging from the past we
may "fairly" decide that Moyer,
Haywood and Pettibone would by
this time have been ludically murdered had it not lieen for the outcry
voiced by tho Socialist press consisting   of    words and    resolutions
flunkeys of George III. applied similar terms to the words of the rebels of that time. Collier's has evi-
isc>ntl.v forgotten the ddport_tions.
tho raids on Western Federation
property and the property of those
connected with that organization,
the famous "To hell with the constitution" phrase, and other illegal
things that occurred during the Colorado, miner's strike. Where was
"fairness" then? How can we expect fairness now?
Winnipeg aldermen are exceedingly
fond of little jaunts, with Incidentals!
at, the expense of the ratepayers,
but cannot find a few dollars to
make the wretched, squalid bathing
station safer for those using it.
Workingmen it is thut use this
buthing Station, nnd not having any
representatives on the council their
comforts and safety ure totally ignored. Not so with the comforts of
the aldermen. Now it is incinerators
thet are to be Inspected by two of
our city fathers, if some nasty individuals do not put a stopper on tho
business. If these, our "representatives" are appointed it is to be hoped that they will not fall into an
incinerator  nnd     become  incinerated
before their time.
A letter appears in last week's
Voice, a veritable cry from the deep,
unent the over-crowding of our foreign fellow citizens in the north end.
The writer Michael Wellig, rightly soys that- his countrymen do
not willingly live in the manner thnt
shocks so many of the good people
of this burg, but do so because of
tho disproportion existing between
rents and wages in Winnipeg. One
dollar and twenty-five cents per day
is tho pittance earned by the men,
guilty of over-crowding. Here WO
have hundreds of men unable to obtain a wage BUfHclont for a decent
subsistence. Tiny sell their labor-
power for less than its exchange-
value. Why? Because the competition, for such jobs as are going is so
fierce, there ure so many to do the
work that the employer is enabled to
beat them down to $1.25 per day
To accept this means the leading of
such       an existence        ns       de
scribed from time to time in
thflo      press. It    menns  that the
women and children must out nnd do
such work as they are able to get in
order ro prevent eviction from their
aqualid quarters. To refuse this
moans—hut no one does refuse this,
for life is  sweet.
(Continued on Page Three.)
T6ronto,   Aug.   7,   1,00.
An illustrution of how far a judge
is prepared io go io subserve tno interests of his capitalist uuislers has
been afforded oy the decision**1 of in«
ri.ilmlors in the Toronto Street
Hallway cuse. The ir.iui.le urose
oui of ihe Winnipeg strike wtieu sev-
erul Toronto street Hallway men
went lo Winnipeg us strike breakers. Nulurully enough the Toronto
Htreet Hail wuy men objected to work
with them when they returned, aud
(lid their besl lo make tneir lives
miserable. For- which, equuliy oi
course, u number of them were
promptly tirod, Whereat followed
much hot tulk of a strike which lin-
uiiy siiumert.il down to un arbitration, 'two union men said the men
were right—two capitalist represen-
tutives suid the men were wrong—
uud to break the dead lock Juugo
Ma hee wus uppointcd as a tilth ur-
iiilrutor. Tne uwurd, prepared, no
doubt, by thut i.iiiiuni-nt of tl.u
bench; is like most similur documents, a model of inconsistency und
absurdity. The company were i*er-
lectiy justified in refusing to dismiss
lhe strike breakers and bud a right
to discharge the unionists—but it
would tie best in the interests of all
concerned that they should be re-instated. As to the question of compensation for lost time that is
" left to the judgment of the company." Too funny for anything
isu t     it ?      But     the point  to
which 1 more particularly wish
lo cull attention is Judge MuV-e a
sublime disregard for his own reputation as a lawyer, us displuyed in
the statement thut the company have
"the inherent right of engaging and
removing employees at their own
discretion." Why even,' law student
of six months standing knows that a
corporation*-*! creation of legisla-.
lion—can have no such thing as "an
inherent right" or any other right
except such us the legislature
chooses to give it. But for an act
of Parliament it couldn't hire or
lire anybody; it would have no existence. And if it has any such
right, inherent or otherwise, what
is the row over aud what business
has Judge Malm' to mix or meddle
in its concerns ? The curt, deliunt,
und vvithul truthful "Nothing to Arbitrate" of the masterful capitalist
vvho doesn't give a damn for assumed
rights and puts up a fight to the
finish is vastly more respectable
than this trimming, shuttling hypocrisy—this attempt to reconcile interests in the nature of things irreconcilable by the assertion of opposing "rights" which are essentially
in antagonism.
There has been  too much  twaddle
about   the   rights   of   labor  anyway.
I_bor has no rights, any more than
capitalism.       Nobody  in  this  world
has any  rights except  such as they
can  sieze  and  hold   by  stsong  arms
or cunning Main.   But  if  labor has
no    rights    it    possesses    what   is a
great   deal  better—power,  if  it  only
knew how to exercise it. The phrase
"rights of labor" is one that is ever
on   the   tongue—usually   as  an  antithesis or a corollary to the equally
illusory   rights    of    capitalism—and
carrying with it the tacit or expressed implication that the latter ought
to be considered.   The expression has
no place in the vocabulary of Socialism.      Once     limit     or     define   the
"rights    of   I.ahor"    as opposed to
those   of     capitalism    and    you  give
away the whole cuse and justify thu
capitalist system.     It is not a question   of   rights—it    is  a   question  Of
power.    Kach  will   use  its  power to
the limit, and respect np rights that
the other    is   unuble   lo  enforce  and
the limit of that power i.s determined
by the intelligence, organization and
discipline of the opposing forces.
What a pitiful, pusillanimous lot
these partisan politicians are! Wns
there ever such a whining and squeul-
ing us the Writ outfit are making
over the discharge of Provincial
Fishery Inspector Bastedo who got
tired the other day by Whitney for
offensive partisanship? It waa a
good $ 1,800 job, ond naturally enough the Tories wanted it for a
friend. And instead of taking their
medicine like men the whole party
are tearing their hair anil screaming
and scolding like fishwives. These
otlicial parasites nre mighty poor
losers. What the devil do they suppose politics ore for anyway, if nol
to provide soft snaps for the winners
of the game? They have had the
looting of the treasury for 30 years
and now just bn-ause the luck has
turned and the other drove have
squeezed them out of the trough, are
moving heaven and earth with agonizing squeals, commiserating poor
Of course its hard on Bastedo—but
lhen he held his job for over twenty
yearn, and many men equally deserving have never had a job nt all.
Sic pose he had lieen a clerk in a
warehouse or n machinist; in a factory and after twenty or thirty
yenrs' work at about one-third of
his official pay, hnd got the bounce
In the natural order of things because his hnir was getting grey—
would   any   of   the   papers   that    are
beilv-aching over his case be able to
see any wrong or injustice in it? Not
a bit of it. if he hud gone to them
with such a story they would have
laughed at him. Why shouldn't an
official get a jolt si/metimis if only
to remind hia optimistic, self-satisfied class that there are others, with
whom such cut us trophies are mutters of ordinury occurrence who
can't look for Uie tearful aymputhiea
of one-half the community when
they lose u job, but have juat lo
grit their teeth and hunt another.
As to Whitney's hypocrisy—well,
what do you ex|s*ct ? Of course he
is a hypocrite. That is part of the
intellectual outfit demanded by his
position. If he wasn't something of
a hypocrite how could he ever be
premier of Ontario ? lt was a piece
of arrant hypocrisy of course to go
through the farce of a trial liefore
decapitating Bastedo, when he had
fully made up his mind that he had
to go anyway, and had the power
lo dismiss him offhand without any
reason assigned. But if he hud done
that as a straightforward, tactless
politician might, people would have
said that he wus introducing the
spoils system, you know ! "Uosh I
What funny things you see when you
ain't got no gun with yer," as thn
farmer said when he met the dude.
True to its function aa promoter of
the interests of the privileged class
the Whitney Government is following
in the footsteps of its late unlament-
ed predecessor by sending out circulars, to police magistrates, J. P.'s
and other capitalist henchmen,
throughout the province urging them
to punish trumps with the utmost
severity of the law—all unfortunate
wanderers caught riding free on the
curs are to be jailed for six months.
The brutal law which makes this
possible was enacted by a Grit legislature and is now being zealously enforced by a Tory administration,
that's the capitalist game. First
congest the labor market in the industriul centres by assisted immigration till there are two men for one
job, then to make sure ot the contin-
ed pressure of the um_ipioyed fringe
of lubor as a meaps of keeping down
wages, jail the poor devil who travels in search of work—pump up the
rents lo such a pitch that it becomes an impossibility for the-workman to secure a home—and then
punish the v.ctim for being homeless.
It is for just this sort of oppression
that Kussiau police and officials are
being sent to hell every' day by the
The following from the Hamilton
Times, the grittiest Grit of them all
is commended to the prayerful consideration of any independent Labor
mun—if such exists—who may still
have some degree of faith in Renegade  Ralph  Smith :
"It is said that Ralph Smith, the
Labor M. P. for Nanaimo, B. C,
would not object to fill the place oi
immigration agent in England, lately occupied by Mr. Preston. Barring
tne fact that he is a member of Parliament, and should not lie looking
for Government favors, we believe
Mr. Smith is as much entitled to th_
appointment as anyone we know. He
ha^ given the Government consistent
support, when he might with temporary advantage to himself, have played to the gallery, with a view to
evoke Labor cheers."
lhe dissolution of the Uouma and
the consequent momentary reaction
has thrown matters in such confusion in Russia that it is impossible
for us to give any news tbat would
not be rendered ancient by the daily
press almost as soon as the Review
would reach its reuders. One thing
is certain, however, and lhat is that
the present is an extremely unstable
stage. Yet Socialists must be on
their guard against too quick action.
A bou l a year ago it was stated in
these columns that it would probably lie fully eighteen months before
there would even be any definite lining up of the contenting forces, and
the present news brings no reason to shorten this period. The
great size and composite population
and the backward industrial conditions in Kussia render uny sudden
action improbable, if not impossible.
The most probable outlook at tho
present time would seem to bo that
there would lie over six months to a
year of skirmishing with terrorism
on one side und judical murders on
the other, but w-ith a steady growth
of revolutionary sentiment and a
steady weakening of the defences of
bureaucracy.-- Internationa!   Siicialist
- "■' -   •   ,.,,.
The cover of the current number of
the "Literary 'Oi^gr^^nhtmimir"*.-*■!•
with nn excellent pictiii'?"':"'/v.i-.. versatile Samuel Gompers, president of
the American Federation of Ijibor.
An article in the same issue, under
caption, "He who bloweth not his
own horn," in no wuy refers to that
distinguished philosopher and uutilic-
. Ist, however.   In fact, it could not.
I1 m- '■■•*•-
I?   ■->.:
THS W-«ra 0* """  vaatM-JViaa    Mtnng *"-'1-'*-'-a*-
-a**-Wg<lar. August ig, I9n6
Ihe fiesta
Published every Saturday tn tha
interests of ths working class alone
at tha Office of the Western Clarion.
Flack Block basement. 165 Hastings
Street, Vancouver, B.  C.
Strictly hi Advance.
Yearly subscription cards In lota
if fire or more. 75 cents each.
Advertising rates on application.
If you receive this paper, it ls paid
Addreaa all communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch thla label am your pa-
par. If thia number la on It,
your subacrlptioa expiree the
next laeus.
Saturday, August 18, 1906.
The most amusing animal on earth
is the chap that makes his living by
working for wages. Though ekeing
out but a bare existence as a result
of incessant toil ; though broken
down before his time ; though rendered stiff in the joints, old, humpbacked and worthless while be ought
still to be in the prime of life, this
simple ass plods his weary way, as
a rule, oblivious of the fact that he
is the most important factor in human society as at present constituted ; that he is in reality the very
cornerstone upon which is built the
entire superstructure of capitalist
civilization. He will stand awe
stricken in the presence of the migl ty
ones of thc earth without even a suspicion that their power and glory
are due solely to his own stupid gullibility. And if they perchance pass
him by without giving him a swift
kick where it will do the most good,
his state of beatitude is only exceeded by that to which he is raised
when they drop him a few toothsome
crumbs in passing.
And yet this wage slave is, in his
way, a brainy chump, if such a term
is permissible, ln the matter of producing wealth he is a prince.   He cm
do everything.    There is no ser rice
be cannot perform, and he is such a
good-natured   and   unselfish  nincompoop that,  with a gravity  of countenance that would make a self-complacent  jackass look   like   a   circus
clown in comparison, he will ac ept
a miserable   pittance     called  wages
and consider himself amply compensated for his labor.   He is the only
genuine   blown     in      the      bottle,
"easy  mark'*   that     ever   happened.
All others are bogus in comparison.
Because of these and other complaisances he  is an invaluable asset  of
capitalist civilization.    In fact he is
its entire stock in trade.    Because of
his meekness, docility and gullibility
he becomes a fairly safe corner stone
upon  which     the   superstructure  of
this most glorious civilization rests.
Long live the wage earner! May his
tribe increase! Also bis meekness, docility and gullibility, for upon these
virtues  (?)  depends the stability  of
our present robber civilization.
it is not asserted that tho purpose
of these worthy boarding house musters 'is to put the finishing touch to
such af the men as might escape the
dangers of the "glory hole," some
of the men declare the texture and
chemical preparation of the grub
put upon the table for them to eat
was sufficiently villainous to ut least
warrant   the suspicion.
One day the men came in to dinner
and found strawlierries upon the
table. They nearly dropped dead for
fear they were bogus. Upon investigation, however, they were found
to be genuine. The siruwlwry taste
in their iiu.utls*. curried Uu- men buck
In memory to lho days of their
youth, those joyous days when they
used to kick touds ou the farm, for
exercise, and gleefully cram their digestive apparatus with the delicious
fruits of orchard and field. But the
next day there were no strawberries,
instead of chasing toads and plundering field uud orchard, they were
rudely yanked back to dodging the
dangers of the "glory hole" and
gagtring over salt and canned junk
of  ancient   vintage.
The advent of the strawberries,
however, effected a transformation
in thc aspect of things, it opened
up such a splendid vista of possibilities before the men that they became imbued with wierd, strange notions. They became filled with the
queer idea that, as Vancouver was
but a few miles distant and a
steamboat from there touched daily
at Britannia, they should be provided with at least an occasional taste
of something less ancient than salt
and canned junk. While they were
inclined to be reasonably thankful
for a thimbleful of strawberries once
per annum, they still felt that the
easy proximity of a market where
fresh fruits etc., could be provided in
abundance and cheaply, coupled with
the fact that they were paying
$1.00 per day for their board, ought
to entitle them to something in this
line upon more frequent occasions.
With these peculiar notions in their
heads, they made note of the frowsy
and unkempt appearance of the cook.
The stench arising from his laboratory became an offense to their nostrils, suggestive of anything but
cleanliness. The salt and canned
junk became tougher and more unpalatable and abominable. They
made a kick to the boarding bosses
and were requested to take a vote as
to whether they would prefer a Chinese cook in place of the frowsy one.
The men decided unanimously against
the Chink. They probably preferred
short hair in their BOup. They were
soon informed thnt they would have
to put up with a Chinese cook whether they liked it or not. About (>0
or 70 of the men made up their
minds that they would not stand for
nny more of it. They had had a
plenty of bum grub and worse cooking, at a first-class rate of pay.
They came to Vancouver and when
they get good and ready will seek
employment elsewhere. It is reported that more of the men will quit in
the near future. They are merely
hanging on until they can get a few
dollars together with which to go
The working man is supposed to bc
the legitimate prey of every profit-
hungrv cockroach in the land. It is
fortunate for thc working class that
at least some of them have sufficient
manhood to resent the dirty imposition of the more contemptible- of thc
lot. With a daily boat from this
city touching at Britannia Beach,
and a tram line in constant operation from there to thc mine, there
is no valid reason why the men
should not he as well fed there as
here and at the same price.
tion is the ideal one for capital. Being free of property in the means
whereby he can employ himself, he
must prefcrce seek employment as a
wage-earner in its service.
While it is true that he is not own-*
ed body and soul by uby particular
capitalist or concern, it is nlso true
thut under such circumstances
capital holds suiuvnie command of
his power to labor. He can obtain
the necessaries of life in no other
manner than by obtaining employ-
meal somewhere tn its service. This
employment is Condittoned solely upon the jtossihility of the employer
getting a greater value in product
out of his labor thun he is compelled to uu-   him ns wages.
The freedom of labor under capit •
alism is a hoax. It implies merely
lhat the laborer is free to sell his
labor-power to the capitalist 1k*-
cnuse he has no means of production
of his own whereby he may Utilise
it in order to feed, clothe and shelter himself. Thus is he not only
free to sell his labor-power but is
absolutely conqielled to sell it or
starve, which is, to say the least, a
most peculiar sort of freedom.
This  sort   of     "free  labor"
Englishman's River, Aug. 4,   00.
Dear Comrade :
When   the  Brechin   Mine,   Nunaimo.
closed  down   1  said   to   my   partner,
'What  shull  ve  d w,   slay   here
and be beaten down with tin- rest ol
lhe sluves, or hit the road in search
of a new master?" Well, vve studied
it over and, knowing thut Ynncou
ver Island wus spoken of us a great
summer resort, we decided to have a
vacation among the woods ami lakes
nnd rivers. Being possessed of a
blanket apiece besides the magnificent sum of ten dollars for our winter's work, we took to the pines, uml'
having splendid physique vve are
more than enjoying our outing. Our
breakfast consists of leu and toast
and fried trout. For lunch we have
grouse on toast uud for dinner, bak.
i*d salmon and deer meat.
Lying on the banks of the beautiful stream with the murmuring
pines overhead for u tent, our minds
fly back to ihe slave pens of the
industrial centre*.. We wonder how
long such things will continue for
the working class. Using their
homes as breeding pens for the labor
market and themselves us beasts of
burden for the puraailcs one sees
whirling along in their automobiles.
I   had   a   greut   exiierionce   with    a
He   wanted
• •■ Ma* a-.tr.*
When They Meet; Wbi
1; Whi-i, ti,,v Mttt
gmr tjt*
Vll. .1 tu I.
ry Label Uuiuu ii.
. la« a cani Buder u„. ,„.,'
month.    Hecretartea ntrssr u..|.
'<*» b i,
Phoenix     Miners'    Union
W. V. M.    Meets   ever*
evening  at  7..WJ o'clock  i.
hall.    V. Ingram, prusid. m
riclard, secrctarv
No.  i
.1. Kdward Hlrd,     A, c. ,,m|     .
Geo. tt. MeOroaaan.      **
the Ifanner   the  other  day
ideal kind,  from the stand  point  of   _•> h"v,*'■>  I'nrtner and myself to go
... .to  work  for two  dollars  a  day  and
day  masters of  industry.   It },,,„„.,*.   , rt8kell hiIU whut ne Ws* gp.
ing to do with the crop.   He suid he
would sell it.   1 usked him how long
■ resenfj	
is cheap because* the masters do not
need to own the bodies of their
slaves. This obviates any first cost
tas with chattel slaves) and relieves
the master of all further responsibilities. Having no money Invested in
the body of thc slave he suffers no-
financial loss of he "gives up the
ghost" or runs away, i.e., quits his
job. The master knows full well thnt
out of u well stocked labor market
another slave will voluntarily ai»-
pear to take his place.
"Fret* labor" under capit ilism,
merely signifies that t' e laborer is
absolutely free of oil true freedom.
Hc is at liberty only to run around
over capital's plantation serving un
individual master or concern, now
here, and now there, as the masters
needs may require and the slave's
stomach demand. That which he receives from the master in return for
his labor muv very properly lie termed a "handout." Clreat is the freedom of labor under the beneflcient
sway of capitalist property.
*•____=_: j
Until quite recentl** about 150 men
were working at the mines of the
Britannia Copper Syndicate on Howe
Sound, B. C. The holding of the
syndicate at the point in question
consists of a veritable mountain of
copper. The ore is taken out of
"glory holes." These holes arc
termed "glory holes" for several reasons. Thc stuff taken out of them
helps to swell*the volume of "our"
commercial transactions and thus extends and adds lustre, to the glory
of "our" empire, and the infernally
dangerous character of these holes
and the process of making them,
sends souls to glory with an expedition and despatch that would make
" Tommy Atkin' " achievements
among the unarmed natives of South
Africa seem slow in comparison.
Be that as it may, however, these
Britannia miners got along for a
time fairly well. They braved the
dangers of the "glory hole" and
some of them at least, escaped with
their lives. But another danger tenfold greater, arose to beset their
pathway and seal their doom. This
came about something after this fashion : Thc boarding bouse at Which
the single men are forced to board,
for the excellent reason thot thore
is no other within forty miles, is run
by Hcllis A Hemming, who have a
five-year contract with the mining
company to board their men at the
modest rate of $1.00 per day. While
it would take him to eat it. He
said it would take about ten yeurs
"And yet," f*aid 1, "you say vou
can't take a week off." He couldn't
see where the trick was done. Kin-
ally we made a bargain to go to
work for him for $2.50 a day. We
worked along till Saturday night uud
then he wanted us to work on Sunday. 1 asked him if he wasn't afraid
Of the Lord, but he said hc had to
get his crop in. I said that I was
a trade union man. I wanted double
time for Sunduys. He said he could
not afford to pay it, but 1 told him
I couldn't alford to violate my union1
principles und as he wus a capitalist
with ten years' supplies uhead, 1 had*
a jierfect right to hold him up. He
said if we didn't work hard in the
.summer und save our money whut
I would we do in the winter? 1 told
jhiui thut. as I kept no breeding lien
for the capitalist class, if I did not
get a job one place, I could go lo
Then the old gentleman and I went
into the house nnd I suggested we
have a debate on Socialism und he
agreed. The first question I asked
him was where did lie come from '.'
He said from the Highlands of
Scotland. 1 asked him what wus his
occupation. He replied that his father was a farmer and he wus born
and raised on n farm. I usked him
was hc uble to make any Letter a
living than his father made in the
Highlands of Scotland'.' He snid,
"No, I have to work harder and am
well off." I asked "how is
that?     Your father had to pay rent
his harvesting with   a
For many years past the wealthy
inhabitants of the little town of Sun
tieronimo, near Valparaiso, Chill,
have been in the habit of supplying
the needs of their breukfust tablu
from some Chines*; sausage-makers'; not as
lamed for the excellence of their j that?
goods.     In      their      advert isuments   and  did  all
lhat [sickle,   while you have a  reaper and
If there is one thing more firmly
fixed in the mind of the average
workingman than any other, it is
that of his own freedom. To him it
is a self-evident fact. No one owns
him. He can quit his employment
whenever he chooses. He is at perfect liberty to go where he will in
search of conditions more suitable to
his taste.
Capital cannot exist without labor
at its command, and that labor
must lie free of all means of self-employment. Thc laborer must be without property in the means of production, and thus be free to sell his
power to labor to the masters of
capital. If he possesses property In
the means of production—land and
tools—by the operation of which the
can provide himself with the things
hc requires for thc sustenance of himself and family, it is manifestly clear
that he will not surrender hia power
to labor to thc capitalist. He will
utilize it for himself by means of his
own instruments of production. If
his means of production are too lime
ited to enable him to fully supply
his needs he will make up the deficiency by working a part of his time
for some outside employer or concern. If he has no means of production of his own he will lie compelled
to surrender his labor power in toto
to tbe capitalist. This latter condi-
the, Chinese guaranteed
all the sausages were manufactured
amid the cleanest and most sanitary
surroundings, and from the choicest
materials. A rich Spanish merchant,
while cutting open his breakfast
sausage recently, found in it, to his
indescribable horror, the tip of a human finger, evidently that of a young
woman. As a result of the gruesome
discovery, the merchant liccame violently ill. The matter was immediately reported to the sanitary police, and a terrible discovery was
made. It appears thut tie Chinese
sausage makers had several years liefore established their factory on a
plot, of land adjoining the local cemetery. In the night they entered
the cemetery, opened graves, and
dug out recently interred corpses,
whieh were then made into sausages. In nearly every case the sausages were consumed unwittingly by
the relatives and friends of tho dead..
—The Voice.
Whatever feeling of disgust may be
aroused in the breast of our dearly
beloved capitalist brethren, as a result of these disclosures, will, no
doubt be allayed bv the pleasing reflection that dear old "incentive"
still lives and thrives. It is evident
that the Chinks had confined their
depredations to the graves of the
wealthy classes. Their flesh being no
doubt wcll-rtavored with wines nnd
other auxiliaries of high living
doubtless accounted for the excellence of the sausage. To have gotten hold of the corpse of a working
plug with a "corned beef and cabbage" flavor, would have ruined tho
trade at  once.
In that recent Canadian revival of
Connecticut "blue laws" passed by
the Ottawa aggregation of political
talent at the instigation of the Sabbat ai ian bigots, all Sunday trading
is prohibited. It will henceforth be
unlawful for either saint or sinner to
drop coin in the collection on Sunday in exchange for Salvation. Coin
may, however, be legally contributed
for the purpose of soothing tho internal apparatus of the ligubrlous
hypochoudriac who pounds the pulpit for the glory of Qod.
The Vancouver World of August 15
was most tiresome and uninteresting..
It threw no original fit of its own
about Socialism, but weakly attempted to fill a long felt want by
substituting an extract from a mln-
arable epileptic spasm recently indulged :n by a fellow bv the name
of Bonaparte, who is secretary of
the navy in the United States Government. Much dissatisfaction is expressed over the World's introduction
of the foreign article to Vancouver.
The local taste, through long familiarity with its own excellent productions In this line will he satisfied
with no inferior nrticle. The best Is
none too good for Vancouver.
1«'»0 acres of land. _
I then proceeded to show him how
the working clnss had lieen dividing
up with the capitalist class all their
lives, and that the Socialists proposed to put a stop to this dividing
up process, and assure to every one
thc full product of their toil. 1
pointed out to him that if he got
the full product of his toil he would
be able to dress his wife ond family
in something better than flour-sacks.
His wife caught on when 1 began to
show the woman's position under
proper conditions. She said it cost
fifteen dollars to have a doctor come
to the house when any of them were
sick. She and her husband and family had to work from daylight to
dark and all ihey could get out of
it was a miserable living. And if
they did not hnve cheap labor they
couldn't make a living at all. The
Chinese made funning possible on
Vancouver Island ns land cost over
8100.00 an acre. I pointed out
that it wns the old story of the
small man trying to compete with
the Bonanza farms. I showed them
that it was no trouble for the western Fuel Company to pay $3.00 a
day on their coal-farm as they hud
the modern tools of wealth-iiroduc-
tion. That they would soon lie forced to the wall to muke room for a
higher civilization. If they would
study Evolution they would s*e
w'Tiere they were nt.
I remarked that he had a History
of the Highlands nnd I asked htm if
a slave was Justified in cutting his
muster's throat. He said "Yes."
"Well," I said, "you small farmers
are the most abject slaves in human
society, for It takes the whole family
of you to make a living, while tho
industrial slave in the city can make
a living for his wife and family. The
only hope for you is to throw in
your lot with tho Socialists and destroy capitalism and raise upon its
ruins the Co-operative Commonwealth. There are only tvvo classes
in society, the workers and the capitalists and sooner or later the farmer niuiit recognize to which class ho
belongs. I showed him that Dunsmuir had been given the highest position In British Columbia b.v tho
Liberal party for being the champion union-smasher and thut Haslam
wns given a fine post by the Conservative pnrty after beating his men
out of their wages ; which goes to
show how friendly old parties nre lo
the workers.
...By the  wny,    all  the grouse and
deer   we  sec  are    marked   "C.P.R."
They ent just the same,  though.
We. the Socialist Psrty of Canada.
In convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the International revolutionary working claas.
I_.bor produces all wealth, and to
tabor tt ahould Justly belong. Te
the owners of the meana of wealth
production belongs the product of 1
labor. The preeent economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production: therefore all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist ts master, the worker
la slave.
So loag aa the capitalists remain
ia possession of the reins of government all tbe powers of the state will
be uaed to protect and defend their
property rights In the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
Ihe capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swellin. stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
Tho Interest of the working class
lies la the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wage system. To
accomplish this ax capita tee the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or worklng-t lass
The Irrepressible conflict of in tercets between the capitalist and the
worker Is rapidly culminating ia a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist lo hold
the worker to secure It by pollthel
action.   This ls the class atrunale.
Therefore, we cell upon all work-!
ers to organi/e under tbe banner of !
the Socialist Party of Canada with!
the object of conquering the public j
powers for the purpose of setting up j
and enforcing the economic program
of the working cla**, as /ollows:
t.   The  transformation ss rapid! *
as possible, ov capitalist property in
tho means of wealth production 'natural  resources,  factories,  mills, rail- '
ways,  etc.,) Into the collective pro*!
I«rty of the working class.
9.   Thorough  and   democratic   or- j
ganlzatlon and   manacvinenl   of   in-
dustry by the workers.
3.   The cstatHlshntent,  aa speedily j
aa poestble. of   production   for   uae
instead of production tor profit.
The Sociallat Party, when in office \
■hall  always and   everywhere   until'
the    present    system    Is   abolished,
make the answer to this question Its -
guiding rule of conduct.     Will   this
legislation advance the Interests   of
the working class and aid the work-
ers la their claaa struggle    against
capitalism?   If It will, the Socialist!
Party is for It;  If It will nol.  thej
Socialist Party ts absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Parly pledges Itaalf to
conduct all the public affairs placed
In its hands in *uch a manner aa to
promote the interests ot the working class alone.
mmmmmmwmatw* »^^^*^*»»»*j
Tel. 829. V
324 Hastings St.
It. Tl i'..":'. . - r, **, ft
gjgr Every
Party of Canada
under  this   head.
Secretaries pi
Local    of the Sodtii*
should run t un
• ••'-O ***** •rio.tl
llrltii.li Columbia Provincial Limn,.
Committee,  Soil i list   f -ii i      ,,< ,.
,!•!.«.     M«*i Is  ev ry  uli, t   ,i-Tin*,
day.     1).  G.   MiKcn/ir,
Ilox Kj6, Vancouver, It
iKoiniiiii.ii Kmi-uiIvo   Commliut, so.
clailst    Putty  of    Caned**     M***
every   alternate   Tuesday,   j. ^
Morg.ni.    Sucre'u).    -,-|  liaraj
.street. Vaneouvi r, it c.
l.««-ul Vmii-ouwr, No. I, s. p ,,r (^,
ada.     flnalnaaa    meetit  i   ►,,•.
M.niil.i)  evening  at    hi I ' imt-n,
Ingleeide uiock. v.3 cambh t-t-wt,
(r.iotti l.    sic...n.i ii...,.-.   Maie*
UOItal  nieetli.sT* every Busdtrttl
p. rn.. li.   BnlHvan    Ball Carton
Street.    Fr*<lerl<   Perry,  ■•-fUrf,
Box «*, Vancouver, h. c
I Local Toronio. S, V. ot C.—Vein**
mid ami fourth Tuesday* .-<!»!«
ffeadquartera. IIS in, a sir**,
W.st. K. Dale, Kc! Ian C H-T.rj
Street Jewish Bran fa ■ ..■ every
Sunday night. sam<
Local Winnipeg. S. P. of C. m«U
every tirvt and thu.! * it ■. m tbt
Voter] Omtt building, jij Ru(**rt
ive. .it io jo j i I ■ urn,
>• r.-t.iiy, ijtt Pi net Street,
Winnipeg, Man
It ia not because he is » leader of
industry thnt a man is a capitalist;
on the contrary ; he is a Icador of
Industry because he is a nipltaltfd
The leadership of Industry Is an attribute of capital, Juki ns in feudal
times the functions of general and
Judge were attributes of landed prop-
erty.—Karl Marx.
hereby  apply   for  membership
In Local
 Socialist   Party  of
I recognise the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working claas to be a
struggle for political supremacy, i. e., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
. If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket snd the
program of the Socialist Party
of Cnnnda only.
Admitted to Local 190.,
 Chnlrtnii u.
r-i.iMi-.il)-. i isei.
I lie IH.I. -t I .ilN.r
i'.ii« i in cnnnda.
always e
fen l li
m sxpom nt
of   till...I
For un* dollar th«* i-nt-r si!!
be ami le any address tor om
\V..tklhKtn**n of sll ountrirt
•■.ill soon reoogniaa   ttir (set
th.it  they must    eappert a*"!
r.'.ol  th.'lr labor  pafM rf
Thc Vales PuMI-JiIng O
\\ llinlprg,     Mnn.
Wt sollHI the tmslne.. or Miiriufstliirrr..
Kn-rlnecrs and others who rcnlbw the ml vli-jil.it.
ily ut tmvlug their Patent Inislnrss Irsnwictcd
liy ICxtwrfB. Preliminarynilvlcc fire. Cln.iKt-.
moderate. Our biventor's Adviser sent upon
rri|iiest. Marlon A Marlon, New York I.ifc Ii'Jk,
Montreal; and Win.liln.iton, U.C, U.S.A.
—TUB- ■
Miners 'Magazine]
Published Weekly by tin
Wnura Firicratioa 81 Minn
A Vigorous Advocate of Leoor'i
Clear-Cut and Aggn-sslre.
Per Year $1 00.       Bit Months. **
Denver, Colorado.
25 copies or over to '>«e ■
dress at the rate of one hall
cent per copy, No ordtf
taken for a period of ■es5
than three mouths.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75
Bundles of 35  or  more r*'P"*JJ
one address,  for a period of .~S
months or more at the re'e of
cent i*r copy.
Patronize our advertisers.
60    V_Ar.«'
Tnw** M»f •
-,„,.        Corvn'OH"*1,,
AnrotM tannins a tktirl, »»«£•*%        *
i.fl<itlF afoarum our CPl_lo_P*"* ,,„l„,.in»
liivanlU laprobablr r-iiiaUshH.* „„|.,t-«'*
.alrtellfeirtillilaiillsl. M»Hn;-{W*  ,,,,oii
Uf. <TM«.I twmiry toitm-atlnt,    ,„
•   tak.n tlimiiali Munn »
•mil frt*. <ll
I'atsnia u«sn tlimusii »u""..7,
qmrtmoUtt, withoutelisrjra. law
Scientific JWerw?
A handsnmtlr lllstlralsi' •••■■_
-l nsnii.i....*../ ■»■■*'*.■**,': .   ,lfll,i      isi'.'-'u—
fffcrW.Was.1lun*-'"'11 aatarag., ftttfrfrat «-, t*_nfe.
been  placed  Ht
These columns huve
. ' diapoaal of UM Party.
, Locals a"  requested  to    take ud-
"'   ,',Ki- Of  th**'"   |n'  at  intervals,   re-
rtlng conditions   In  their  respective
f,tittles,   Centmnnicationa under this
t should  he addreHsed to  tho  Do-
"ulon or Provincial Secretaries.    Lo-
"" Bccretsrlee aro further requested to
,   _ .,. these columns  for an'iutice-
'""niH'from the E-ecutUu Committees.
|h|H  iiu-iins  the  business    of    th.'
villi be facilitated and tho  Humid     Provincial    secretaries
„f a little of the Increasing
! burden of correspondence.
|to students of socialism,
afford    comrades    an
standard   works     on
has decided
In order
*>   scceu to
It   ...lism   the committee
*"iHi  'a Ho* "1 literature.      The
!;;,;:„„,--    ,i  hand and  will    he
„i paid  to    any    address    at
[jooted.      Two cent   stamps
nr accepted mt sums not exceed*
-■5 cent*'
Communis--     Manifesto,
M.rx    ..» cents
I'topian   ami   _ci-
Marx   tt   Kn-cls.io cents
■,..■ «JUm.
financial statement of Coin. Baw-
tbornthwaite'a organizing tour in the
Ditcrlor received by lhe secreturv,
reported thut Com. Hawthornthwaite declined to receive the salary
of |8.00 pet day due hrm as organiser  in  lhe  Held.
Warrant ordered drawn to Oom
ll.'.wtimnithwiiito for $35,00 for organizing lour on  Vancouver Island.
Adjourn im-nt.
  5 cents
Working CUaa.
. .  5 cents
iNVaRt.    lal.'.r
Karl   Marx   ..
ifhc Mission <»f
r„is   \uii    
fkrialiMn bad Farmers,
5imons   ....        	
i iilu-r works procured to order.
The committee being a stockliold-
r in the co-operative publishing
iosk of Cltas Kerr & Co., can pro-
|fnn literature for the locale at cost.
Campaign fund receipt books are
Itww ready and will be furnished
ah at io cents each.
An «ni ti* seen K"i>d use baa been
naile of the moneys Subscribed so far
[to the organising tun-la. Further or-
puilslng tours <ir*> under c.intetnphitl.in
If funds ar* available. Further SUb-
actiptiona are therefore Urgently soil. Iteil as, with Ihe great Interest th..t
!• :it present being manifested in So-
Ullstn, no better time could he found
f..r  spreading      the   pro* igand i      and
I l.tllldltig up the orgailllatlon
Tlie follow tnir teums have  ui-n    n-
.iv.si  to date
IB ii ince i.n hand 
I:   Wade.  Port Harvey..   ..
I. "IV
Regular mooting Aug. 14th. Present Coiurudes Kingsley (ornanizer);
Stebbings, Lea, Morgan, Pettipiece,
Pritchard, I mice nnd the secretary.
Warranth    ordered     drawn  for  the
following sums :
Dom.  Exec.   Slumps and  sup
plies  $14.00
Advt Ilawthornthwuite's
meeting     5.00
Rent antl uii. apace in Clarion   7.mo
Communications read from Fernie
l.isal, Boundary Fulls Local, Greenwood Local, and Com Hawthornthwaite Application lor charter received from l'hoenix. Charter granted.   Receipts 1
Vancouver Local, stumps  $ 2.so
Oreenwood    Local stamps .... 10.00
Boundary Falls Local, stumps
nnd   supplies        6.00
l'hoenix   Local,   charter   fee...    5.00
Organizing Pund   72.80
 .Maaammmmmmmam 8.00
Total.         ***
The following amounts received up
•revloualy .u:_noni.*d_,*d  »».«
'er J,  II   Hnwthornthwait**...     18.70
, inc.uver Local of* |<er cent.
.,f collection     2? °;'
1  11  Berrough      *- •'"
August   18th,
Comrade  Mclrfichlun   in  the  chuir.
Minutes of previous meeting read und
approved.     Warrants  were ordered
drawn (or the following amounts :
Literature   $10.00
Orand Theatre, rent   16.00
Prov,    Executive   34.05
Signs       6.00
IL  L   ES.  C , hanging signs ...     1 .'el
Carrying   t.unner        1.75
Printing, etr.,        6.75
"Province"     advertising    5"
Cleaning Hrndgnart-*.  so
Organiser reported that Parker
Wllllama   will   speak   on  Sept.   2nd.
Coin Arnason gave in an interesting report rcHiKHlin** Vancouver
Collection Sonday'a meeting 948*10
Prom   Prov,    Exocntlve    for
advertising      B.OO
l.iteraluri'     -uih*s  for  week    10.00
Totnl .-„... *t')6.(>0
Report  received   and mi*eting ad-
(Continued from Page One.)
Why is rent so high? Not because
lhe mou who build i.locks una to
muse uny particular percentage, us
Mr. Wellig says, but because tho
growing population of thc city
makes the demand for houses so
great thut the landlords ie enabled
to reap u golden harvest, if the demand tor houses falls In-low the supply rent will lull, no mutter what
the aim of the lundlord in tho percentage   line.    Older  cities   have  nol
successfully grappled with ti.e problem. Mr. Wellig is mistaken there.
A municipality can let its buildings
mine cheaply than the ordinary landlord but lhat means that the cost
of living is lowered, unu Wages coii-
seipiently ure lowered also und to
.•ke out his existence the lowest paid
laborer musl crowd with his kind,
just us he does now. Where competition is so great wuges will Ihi ut
the lowest possible level at which
the laborer can subsist, and under
present conditions that competition
must remain. There is one remedy—
Socialism. If Mr. Wellig will come
up to the Sociulist meetings he
could get more light on the subject,
and Could spread the light among
his countrymen. To help us in this
work we are having copies of the
platform and pledge of membership
of- the   Socialist      purty    of   Cunudu
translated and printed in Oerman, su
that those of that nationality, at
least, may reud of the remedy in
their  own  tongue.
Coin. A, .1. Arnason, of the Clarion, has returned from a threo-
months' thorough canvass of Vancouver Island, where he secured
muny Clarion readers and disposed of
a great deal of good struight Socialist literature, lie reports u wonderful growth of the revolutionary
movement Since his tour of a yeur
ugo. Not only huve Coma. Williums
und Hawthornthwaite a cinch in
their respective constituencies, but
• ither Island electoral ridings will
nominate Sociulist Party candidates
with   splendid   chances   of  election.
Com. Arnason will remain in town
fur n few days, and then heads for
the Britannia Mines and up coast
■ Harry" Kibble, another Clarion
agent, has finished his trip through
\ltierta and is again in the KOoten-
uvs Heedless Ul remark, tike the
world, the Clarion's sub-list "do
Profit   Sharing   Agreements.
r.tiii Wg\W*\\\Wk.	
"nlverttaln** matter nnd  post-
ns* ..  $ 8.r,o
IBwon'a    Landing organizing
trip     5.00
Coin,   Hawthornthwaite,   Van-
•c.uver     Island     orgunlrinf!
■ ur
Vancouver Local.
Previously   acknowledged $22.50
lv   Hut hor 	
.1.   It	
M.   V	
P.   Carrie   	
Mrs.   J.   Burke   	
Heudipmrters   Box     	
On   Clarion   Subscription
2 50
Tntnl   oxpondlttires     $38. f>0
Balanae on hand  1118.80
Frederick  Terry, Secretary.
It ha*, been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central fund
to bc used in generally assisting in the
1 coming campaign and nirire csticeially
for the purpose of printing and distributing campaign literature.
All eomradea wishing to collect
for this fund should at once apply
to the provincial secretary for a receipt book. No effort should be
spared in building up this fund.
The following amounts received up
to date:
Prsviously acknowledged  I _*yo
II   T.  Hods       2*2
'**.   V  Dials       »*52
T    p «r'°
t Clarion auba  *   a"°
ToUl  -M4 •**■'
Revelstoke  $15.00
Santlon    33.08
Moyie      20.('5
Penile   30.00
Coleman  ,   10*30
Prank      5.10
Michel    13.80
Coal Creek   10.30
Kimberly       18.90
Rossland   :i2-.-"i
Orand   Forks     15.00
l'hoenix      16.45
Greenwood  nnd   District     20.00
llonnington Kulls   II 5.
Vancouver, B. C. Aug. 14. W08*
Present. Comrades Stobbings, Man
bull's   pritchard, Pettlpteco, Mcivcu-
'"', Kingsley nnd tho MfWWry.
Hinutea rend und upproved. 1'-'
following correspondence was dean
with -. .
Winnipeg and Claresholm Locals and
loiarude fl. tt, A. Watson, Bowden,
Claresholm   Local.  Btamps   $•*■«
Winnipeg  Local,  staanps     nW
It   0.   Prov.   Bxetr.   Committee
•■lamps    nnd  supplies   "•]*___.
Toti.  $19.00
Warrant- wore''ordered drawn for
lho following amounts ■
To  "Western   Clarion''   for
spuco   ;••"••
I'or ront of room to  Sept
Total   .Jkaaaaaaaaaaaam*	
li.'ti'N.  meals,  bertha,  ftc.„.$108.38
Cotivevances,  fares on branch
railways gnd bouts     14.io
'IVlegrams, advts, nnd miscel
10 00
Totnl expenditures    •••*-U_i**_n
Paid over to Prov. Bxeeuttve  »8.w
it is tuuii thut -beauty unadorned
i.s adorned the most." This is no
doubt true. At least it hus been recognized us such by the "swell set"
Of the garrison town of Dienze, Ixn-
ruine. This "swell set" which includes muny officers of the Oerrnun
army, hus been giving qulls at which
the guests appeared becominrly ar-
ruyed in the costume in vogue in the
Ourden of Lden prior to the introduction of the fig-leaf fashion. These
"functions" were ulso enlivened bv
games of chance at which women
were the stakes. While the ci st unsworn were no doubt fetihfng, it. is
feared thut if the fashion thus set. be
generally followed the tailoring and
dry-roods trade will suffer irreparable
injury. This is the worst feature of
it. Prom a moral and ethical standpoint it is above criticism and besides, it brings similar entertainments vi it bin the financial reach of
the   "lower   classes."     We   hope   this
delightful Innovation Introduced by
the Oerman Upper crust will be
generally  followed.       Although   we
do not dance vve shall be pleased to
attendiBUCh "functions" as a s|K'C-
Last week I saw in Kansas Cty a
viciottM bvriitc which should ine
have been at large It wis in human
form and in uniform, and in ts claws
it carried a tasseled club with which it
l.eat a raguil boy of sixttcn into ir
sensibility All that night I felt that
club upon my head and in my heart
lurked murder This brute was a
"guardian of the law" instead of an
alligator in the morasses or a fangel
beast in thc jun-'lcs This is the
same brute that declarts M'eilnan'
Shaw's immortal creations immoral.
The most vicious, merciless and remorseless of all brutes is that in human form which Stands gitarrl over
capitalist   civilization.—E,   V.   DEBS.
In classing these creatures with the
brutes. Debs is guilty of wronging the
entire brute creation. The only
brute we know of that will guard
anything that is not his own, is the
ting, and even he has been able t"
attain that degeneracy only by countless thousand years of association
with man. It will require some thou
sands of years yet before they could
be classed in the same category with
policemen and soldiers without being
justified   in   feeling  insulted.
® 9
! riir ii mm r i
9W        *hW     __t  *maaaaaaaaaamm\ aamaaat    mmammvyy   \m*    mrma   ypy   wm h^hh *-*
ft       ■M___-B______i        «_B-_W__Z_M-_H_--__-_---_i       9
_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-__■_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_■_-_-__*    I
§ BOX 2064 NEW YORK, ft
® \ ft
Some who started early are now selling ten
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
a copy.    Send to   us  for circulars and wholesale
prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
"Socialism nnd Industrial Liberty''
will  lie  Com.   Krnest  Hums'  subject
on Sunday (tomorrow) evening,
livnn   Hull,   Cordova  street.
j. a. MonoAN. Beoo
KM Mnrnurd St.
Vancouver, B. C. ^^|
Comrade    Thos,    MoQr&dy of tho
United Stntes, will deliver nn Address upon Socialism in tho old
Ornnil Theatre on Johnson street on
Monday ovening, Aug. 20. Tho mooting will bo heltl under the auspices
of the Victoria Intornntlonnl Soclnllst, Club. You nro cordinlly Invited
to attend. A rare treat is promised.
Admission,  2n cents.
Thc Ontario and British Columbia
statutes provide for thc entering into
of agreements betwen masters and
servants by which a specific share in
the annual or other net prolitl of
thc trade carried .>n by thc employer
may bc allotted and paid to the workman in lieu of. or in addition to, his
wag****, It is further provided that
agreements of this nature need not
necessarily create any relation in the
nature Ol a partnership, or .my of
the rights or liabilities of co-partners, and that a workman in whose
favor thc agreement is made is not
thereby given a right to examine into
the accounts, or interfere in any way
in the management of the business
in which he is employed, any periodical or other statement of proceeds
made by the manager, on which the
share of the profits under the agee-
ment is determined, being final and
conclusive. Every agreement of this
nature is to be deemed within the
provisions of the Masters nnd Servants' Act of the province in which it
is framed, unless it purports to be
excepted therefrom or unless this exception may bc otherwise inferred.—
Labor  Gazette.
If any one is possessed of a doubt
of thc truth of thc assertion that the
relationship   between   employer   and
employed   is  merely  the   relationship
existing   between   master   and   slave,
the  above taken from the Dominion
Slave Market  report for July  should
go   far   to  remove   thc  doubt.     Servant  is but another name  for slave
The   slave,  according  to   the   above,
must take what it pleaseth the master
to give.     Although an agreement be
entered into between  them the slave
must place implicit reliance upon thc
word of the master as to whether his
part  of thc  compact  has been  kept.
Whatever thc master says goes, and
must   not  be   disputed  by  the  slave.
This is as it should bc.     If working
people arc so devoid of manhood as
to   endorse   their   own   slavery,   they
should bc given all that is coming to
them,   by   making   their   slavery   absolute.      They   should   bc   compelled
to work whenever a  master required
their  services,  and   forced  to  accept
as compensation whatever thc master
sees lit to bestow.    Too much maudlin sympathy has already been wasted
upon    them.        Outnumbering    their
masters   many   to   one,   they   meekly
bend   their   necks   to   the   yoke   and
tamely   submit   to   the   browbeating,
brutaliey and contumely of their vulgar   rulers.      Life   is   altogether   too
short to allow of any waste of time
in   sympathizing   with    invertebrates.
The wonder sometimes arises    whether  the  numbskulls    would    realize
that they were slaves even if capitalist law termed them such instead   of
applying to them thc more euphonious title of servants.
For the
Having been authorized by
the publ shers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate $1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Cither renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Many complaint*! are reiching thi?
office from subscribers vvho fail to get
their papers. In some instances there
are several complaints from tho same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually in type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity in the !
performance of their duties, even if I
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clar- j
ion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to ,
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and ne- |
cessary steps taken to locate the rea- '
son for such non-delivery and to avoid j
its repetition in the future.
Tbe publics lion of jM-riiHlieals of
every description is u specialty vvilli i
Tin* "Clarion.*- Telephone or write
im- estimates. Every facility for such
work, and promptness ami satlsfacdon
Five Clarion sub. cards-*—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Fivo Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
by buying thla
reliable, honest,
high grade sew»
ing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co*
factory ATBELvnerae. ill.
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
lama Tunatall.    a *«£W£'£
tho conl  mines ut   N»"a.-»°.- *"      ,
August Ifi.   Nouc oi lm
vvoro Injured.
Comrade Clonk, nn a'derma nut-
large at Bellingham, who Is contributing an Interesting and instructive
series of articles to "News and
Views," will be at liberty to visit
Vancouver again shortly. The local
program committee hope to announce
his date ln next Issue of tho Clarion.
|    Victoria   Advertisers    |
o o
Colonial Bakery
39   Johnson   St.,   Victoria.   B.C.
Delivered  to any  part et tha city.    Ask
Driver  to   call.     'Phone  849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
rCE   __   CHAH3E
71 Cavtrantal Strati, Victoria. 6. C.
MinlKiircr at
Nl. 8 Ctalra St.
".♦♦♦♦♦♦4      ^^^^^^^^^
what the Purty is doing on the Puelfie
Coast  of  the  United  States,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"Por the Boolnltat  Party and  By the
Socialist Party."
Ten weetca, ten cental one year, SO c*ts.
0*\„ _x^*
c vg **:
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a 1'Ult HAT see to It
that the Genuine Union Label ls sewed In lt. If
a retailer has loose labels in his posaenlon and
offers to put one in a hat for you. do not patronise
him. Loose labels in retail storea are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits aro some limes perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John li. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, is .1 non-union concern.
JOHN A. MO i li it. President, Orange, N. J.
MAIITIN LAULOR, 8ecret_rjr, H Waverly Place,
New York.
"^qisteS^ fotj*
Saturday, August n\
9 Edited by It. P. PETTIPIECE, to whom all cor-respondence for tills dcparUwcnt should bc atltlrcssod.
W. J. Curry Replies to Gen. William
Birney   and   Defends
There are, perhaps, more grounds
for Qeneral Mirney s ussertiou that
1 have said nothing us to "the political machinery necessary to put
Socialism into operation."
To the Socialist, however, this is
of no immediate importance, unu anj
detailed description of the death uiul
burial of capitalism must be mure
or less speculative. A reasonable
understanding tells us that the forces which have led humanity up from
the dark valley of its primeval ooze,
through long dangerous naths and
steep ascents to those sun-crovvued
heights which some have reached,
will not only enable us to replace a
corrupting system of industrial anarchy with one of co-operation, but
in spite of the fears of General Birney will enable us also to sutisfact-
torily compensate a "factory hand
or an Adelina Patti" under Socialism.
Socialism relies on the force of legal enactment and once it becomes
the dominant power the capitalist
class must yield to Labor as entirely as the producing class now submits to its political and industrial
masters, but while the capitalist
class is striving to keep Labor in a
condition of servitude, the Socialist
Party seeks only to abolish the class
rule and  the  class  strujrele  and   to
by making all uiul—uers of society
Miuix-nulueis in the meuns ol prouut-
Capitalism must necessarily destroy itseli, and since the only altcr-
teruative of capitalist ownership is
COlleCUcism, or Socialism, therefore
Socialism will be applied, and if up-
plied it must be practical, in spite
of the opinions of General Birney to
the contrary.
lie protests thai i should discus*.
the "aicdiciiie aud not the diagnosis of the sociul disorder, and it is
indeed a pleasure to know, that he
now admits a remedy is demanded. From his latest utterances it is evident our opinions
diller, not so much regarding thc
medicine us in ils manner of application. The facl is lho disease which
affects society today is similar lo
many other parasitic a_liclio_s ol
mankind, lt is now generating a
virus which is destroying Itself.
"' Capitalism contains within itadf the1
germs uf its own destruction." General Birney also protests against
my devoting so much space in do-
scribing the horrors of city slums
and child slavery.
This protest is quite natural. To
prove by government reports that
widespread and increasing poverty
exists and that ihis pauperism is
actually keeping pace with the powers of wealth production must be an
unpleasant dose for one who defends
In General Birney s article he tells
us 'there are tew deaths if any from
starvation" and that charities report few cases of pinching want,"
while trade unions have money to
Ile tells us that poverty is not due
to capitalism, but to "strikes, bad
habits, want of thrift, intemperance,'
etc. He tells us it is because people
.lock to the cities for a good time,
so that they can revel in "balls, circuses, and prayer meetings."
lhe "medicine" he prescribes for
the pauper emigrants that capitalist
enterprise dumps annually into tbe
cities of America to go to the
the country where they can lead a
life of "simplicity and duty," and he
tries to spike some of the biggest
revolutionary grins by telling us that
the reports of city slums and starvation are "but Socialistic fulmina-
tions—the eloquence of pessimism."
According to him, the old world is
jogging along  quite comfortably.
In my previous article I showed
that widespread and increasing poverty did exist, and I will now endeavor to indicate how this is the inevitable result of capitalist production.
Karl Marx, in his theory of "surplus value" has shown how the
wage-earner is robbed out of the
greater part of his product in tho
field of production. Marx may not
have foreseen all the details of modern industry, but his theory of surplus value has lioen a rock against
which the "fulminations" af capitalist oratory have expended themselves;
in vain.
Capital is that form of wealth used for the exploitation of labor. The
capitalist class is that class owning
the means of production and distribution of wealth ; while the laboring
class possesses only the labor-power
which, when applied to the means of
production—produces wealth or exchange values. Labor-power is purchased from the wage-earner at the
cost of its production, the wages received being just sufficient to sustain
him as a laborer and to enable him
to pei'|ietrate his class. He therefore
sells his labor-power and receives for
it its exchange value, and the surplus supply of labor keeps it at this
level. To pay less would starve the
producer and kill the goose thut
Inys the golden egg, while to pay
more would redojie dividends and
profit, the sole object of capitalist
production. This is thc "iron law"
of Wages, and it is the remorseless
ruler of laborer nnd capitalist alike.
Because of this it is folly to rail
against the capitalist as nn individual. As capitalists they must fight
their competitors at  the expense of
labor, and their struggle is becoming more desperate every duy.
What vve war against is a system
wliich brings mental blindness aud
spiritual pauperism to tho upper
classes and which forces millions to
••grunt and sweat under a weary
life," to sicken and rot in city slums
because the want ol that which debauches the ruling class because it
has too much.
ine dilieivi.ee bcivvceu wnul U.u
wane-earner leeches us wuj-es aud
uie cxcnuiifei- values 01 nis proOucl
alter ueuueung tne cost oi raw uiu-
icruu. etc., consulates tne amount
oui  ol   which  labor is exploileu.
ir.c uovcrnment reports ior _uoo
show   tnat  tne average wonunan in
the United States produces values lo
the amount of *}2,i_o, while his
wage is oiuy S-137. The surplus vulue of *)2,iloi) is divided up between
tne owners of lhu means of production and the energetic individuals
wno bght over the balance as tney
pass tne goods oil to the consumers.
Tne Lnited States census report
for 1»-U shows that after deducting
the cosl of raw material, etc., the
producing class was fleeced out of
880 millions, ls it any wonder that
Socialism is unpopular among those
whose sentiments are now being reechoed by their legislative, educational, and theological retainers?
Labor produces over five times gs
much as it receives in wages—eight
hundred millions in one -.ear to a
cluss that mainly occupies its lime
in squeezing prouts from labor and
in gambling with the proceeds.
They, as capitalists, do notning productive ; they own the earth and th«
fullness thereof and that gives them
its fruits. "But the capitalist class
gives labor a chance to earn a living, and they should be paid for
their enterprise and the risks they
run. Money makes money." These
are arguments vve sometimes hear.
When capital gives labor employment
it is not out of philanthropic mo-
lives, but because it sees a chance to
skin the employees out of the surplus value of their product. There
are to-day in the United States hundreds of mills and factories for the
production of food and clothing that
lie idle, and there are also millions
of the laboring class seeking employment, and sulleriug in hunger or
in rags, simply because capitalists
cannot employ  them at  a  prolit.
If the capitalist runs risks it is because of competition, which is part
of his system. He believes in competition unless he is u partner of u
trust. In that case he sees that
monopoly reduces expense, prevents
overproduction and panics, and is,
therefore, a benefit to society.
Money bus no reproductive function
but when functioning us capital it
can be used to squeeze profit from
labor. '-Labor produces all wealth."
"But the capitalist often employs
his time in managing his business,
and frequently works harder than the
down-trodden wage slave you Socialists rant about."
If the capitalist employs his time
in work actually necessary in production he does not do so as a capitalist, but as a producer. A laborer
may also own stock in a railroad,
nnd to that extent he is a capitalist. If the capitalist works harder
than the wage-earner so may the tin-!
horn gambler or the housebreaker
and other individuals who tax their
energies in appropriating the possessions of others.
The highwayman and safecracker
may even, through the exercise of
brain and muscle, produce their implements of operution, but society
prohibits the "personal liberty" of
these artists from being exercised.
According to General Birney to deny the rights of a minority is "anti-American." What are the effects
of sand-baggiiig a traveller or robbing a bank compared with that resulting from the exploitation of labor?
The capitalist class makes and operates the laws governing the common thief and they control those
which perpetrate their privilege of
robbing the producers of all that
makes life worth living.
Socialists say : " Labor has produced all wealth ; let the producing
class nlso own it and work for them-'
selves instead of supporting the capitalists in idleness and being allowed
only one-fifth  of what   it  produces."
General Birney tells us that this
would lie thc "re-establishing of
slavery." By the same method of
reasoning he assures us that a cooperative industry would be too cumbersome for humanity to attempt.
He evidently believes that in union
there is weakness, and that war Is
better than pence. We know that
the sugar trust consigned all but
one-fourth of Its plants to idleness,
and that the formation of thc whisky combine put sixty out of eighty
distilleries out of business, and yet
more sugar and more whisky is produced than before.
General Birney believes that under
Socialism production would be reduced from twenty-five to seventy-five
per cent."
Under capitalist trusts, production
is increased, although three-fourths
of the plants nre closed ; but under
a collectively-owned trust, where
production would be to supply the
requirements of society, and when
millions who nre now of the unproductive class will become producers,
the manufacture of social utilities
"would bc reduced from twenty-five
to  seventy-five  per cent."
One is almost led to believe that
the opponents of Socialism have the
gift of prophecy ns largely developed
as the old Utopians. Under the present system of capitalism men will
struggle to accumulate a hundred
times mora than they know tbey
cun ever consume, and will commit
thett and murder for the necessaries
and luxuries of life. Under Socialism
when a man will ho working entirely
tor himself and will have all he produces, all desires for tbe necessaries
and luxuries of life will be gratified,
and yet some opponents of ours tell
us that vve are the ones who so foolishly expect human nature to be cup-
able  of  rapid  transformation.
When the desire to obstruct Socialism can only produce arguments
such as those of "General" Birney,
one is reminded of a certain old lady
who once attempted to push back the
tide of the Atlantic with a broom.
First Lesson In Marxian Economics
As   Expounded   by   a   Non-
The working class of Vancouver is
recognised as an important factor in
society by the local Uaily World. So
much so, thut once a week an obscure half-column is devoted to their
interests under the appropriate heading of "A Corner for Workingmen."
Be this as it may ; if the wage-earner readers pay strict attention to tho
contents in last Saturday's issue,
they will find food for careful
thought gnd reflection. Whether the
World writer intentionally gave the
snap away, or the correctness of Socialist ex,in. niiis has had the desired effect, is another story. But here
it is :
"Labor u;:s never so scarce as it
is at the present time, and li.v being
kept in tba' state wages are higher
and will remain so unless Chinese
and Sikhs are imported to take the
place of while vvurkingiiien. A laboring man is in the same class as all
other merchandise. He sells h:S ability to the highest bidder, and when
there are no it her men to take his
place, at a lower salary, hc can always command good pay. It is thus
obvious that if Chinese and Sikhs
are Imported into this country and
put to work al a low salary, thc
market will be Hooded with cheap labor and vvac.es will be reduced to the
minimum. It is therefore important,
that the Chinese headtax le not
withdrawn, but that good men from
the east should be induced to come
to British Colombia to work for nothing but union wages."
Com. Hawthornthwaite's exposition of Marxian economics last Sunday evening, could not have been
more intelligible than  the above.
In the face of the above observations on the part of a non-Socialist,
it's about time the workers ceased
endeavoring to pull themselves up by
their boot-legs, bucking the unwritten  lnv  of supply nnd  demand.
That the workers must art. like
men and women • remove themselves
from the cntegory of commodities sell
ond expend their energy in an emancipating movement, is surely patent
to any thinking  wagc-'-arner.
The Socialist position is in line
with sociological development, and
wil!  not  down.
The forces  of nature  nnd  all   thnt
goes  to  moke  tho   world   habitable,
are on our side?—the winning side.
"N*o community  can pros|>er  without  a plentiful  suonly  of labor."
So says "Owen," in last Sunday's
News-Advertiser, under the department headed "From a Woman's
Point of View." Therefore, argues
the dear old granny, British Columbia should be flooded with Chinese,
so thnt thc competition for jobs will
force thc Chinks to do the dirty work
for those too lazy and useless to do
it for themselves, nt wages which
would not keep a decent daughter of
the proletarian wage-slave.
If the additional capital employs
the person who produced it, this
producer must not only continue to
augment thc value of the original
capital, but must buy back the fruits
of his previous labor with more labor than they cost. When viewed ns
a transaction lietween the capitalist
class and the working class, it makes
no difference thnt additional lubtirera
nre employed by meuns of the unpaid labor of the previously employed laborers. The capitalist may even
concert the additional capital into a
machine thnt throws the producers
of that capitnl out of work, and that
replaces them by a tew children. In
every case the workers create
the surplus lnbor of one year the
apitnl destined lo employ additional labor in the following year ; nnd
this Is what is called "creating capital   out   of  capital."—Karl  Marx.
The Socialists of Porto Rico are
preparing for the next election. At
a convention held at Guatama City,
an executive committee was elected
to carry on a vigorous and systematic campaign. Tho election takes
place in November. Nominations
have already been made for councillor in overy district, and Qeneral
Secretary Rafael Alonzo states that
a full municipal and Territorial ticket will be placed in the field.
In a recent election at Hamburg,
Germany, the Socialists elected their
candidate by 81,000 votes ugninst
80,506* for nil tho other candidates
Mr. Upton Sinclair, author ol
"The Jungle," the novel which exposed tho horrors of the Chicago
meat-canning trade, is an ardent Socialist. No one reading the ordinary
Tory and catch-halfpenny journals
would know this, for these friends of
tho millionaires have carefully concealed the fact. In tho current number of "Tho World's Work," Mr. Sinclair contributes u short article on
•The Sociulist Party in the United
States," from which we take tho following extracts :—
The Socialist Party, with 80,000
members in good Standing, is organized in thirty six states, with beud-
quarleis in Chicago. It has '_.000
"locals" of af* least six members
each, some having a thousand. The
applicant, for membership signs a
statement that he recognizes (bo
"class struggle" us tho fundiiiuent.il
fact of present society, und renounces other political parties.
Should he not act upon this doctrine
he is liable to expulsion. By Ibis
means the parly ensures its attitude
of "no compromise" which is the
essence of proletarian Socialism i II
over  the world.
Another reccnf and interesting development is the Intercllegi.iie Socialistic Society of* which Jack London is president. This Ib a Society
organised for the purpose of interesting college students in the subject. It is now forming etudy-chup-
ters in a number of colleges and high
schools, and is planning to edit a
College Men's Edition of several of
the Socialist papers, and to put a
copy of one of these into the hands
of every college student in the country .—Reynold's   Newspaper.
Is your name on the voters' list?
Go to the Collector of Votes at once
and sea about it.
While Comrade Ida Crouch Hazlett
was speaving on the street at Wallace. Idaho, July 27th, the electric
lights were turned out, leaving the
entire city in darkness. It was later
learned that this attempt at the
suppression of Socialist agitation
was resorted to by direction of the
sherilT. The same cajxT was cut in
Vancouver by Wm. Dowser during
the last provincial campaign when he
turned the lights out on John T.
Mot-timer, the Socialist candidate
for the Provincial House. That sort
of thing is about the strongest argument the tools of capitalism can
bring against the Socialist movement.
Program  of  Vancouver  Local   S,' P
of  0.,  as  Drafted  by
The program Committee of Vnnrmn
ver Local. S. P. of C. have urrung-
I'd the following m.-etings for Vancouver workingmen to attend :
Burns, Sullivan null. Cordova
Street, (upstairs), A, J. Arnason,
Kingsley, Grand Theatre, Cordova
SUNDAY, SKPTEMDI'R 2—Parker Williams, M.P.P.. of Ijidvsmith;
Orand  Theatre.   Cordova   Stn-et.
SEPTKMBf'-R 3—Pnrker Williams,
M.P.P., City Hull, Westminster Avenue.
Cloak. Bellingham, Wash., Grand
Theatre,   Cordova   Street.
P. Pettipiece, Sullivan Hall, Cordova
Street (upstairs.)
If any change is found necessary In
the above, due notice will be given
by  the  program  committee.
By request of Comrade Mrs Parr
of this city wc publish thc following
letters which arc taken from the columns of Robert lil.itclifoi.r, paper,
"The Clarion." They arc especially
recommended to the careful perusal
of the gentler sex.
Dear Julia., Dawson—I am happy
1 am "forty" -.nd unmarried, and I
work in an office where there arc
dozens of other women like me. You
write and talk for an age that is past
The women of today have, or lh-Uld
have.plcnty Io occupy their minds
without longing for thc husband who,
on closer acquaintance, is often very
far from the ideal they had pictured.
Indeed, it u difficult for thc average good woman to find her ideal in
the average good man and if she is
sensible she will go without rather
than lower her standard. You write
from a purely sentimental standpoint,
and your words do not make for
health, but would rather encourage
young girls to. rush into matrimony
of any description rather than face
the "loneliness of forty" you describe
If a womati earns enough to keep
herself, why should she marry to
make a man who cams a little more
than she does struggle to keep two
and  a possible fotir?
Thc married woman who taunts her
lessf?) fortunate sister is despicable,
and so is the woman who puts up with
it. Leave tlie subject alone, and
write to help women to bc strong and
glad they have the power to earn
their own living and bc useful and
helpful to one another. If they are
lonely fell them to find someone else
lonelier still. Tell them to live in the
"love of comfades"—the splendid
comradeship of women—-none better.
Don't bc sentimental. With a comrade's regards and good wishes,
Yours, N. W.
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
• yi ick Kin
NS  —
Cor. Abbott <tk Cordova Sta. Old Cot-. Bui!• ing.
Brixton   Mill.
This letter is addrcssdc to lhe editor.
Dear Sir, —May 1 express a woman-
worker'* opinion! "ti the Mibjrct of
your "Woman's Letter"'in lhe Clarion
of Friday last? 1 can hardly believe
that thc article in question has been
written by a Socialist, and one, therefore, pledged lo the help and advancement of al! workers; to my mind it
breathes a spirit of narrow pessimism,
and is more calculated to depress than
cheer, and the dear men want all the
hope and encouragement it is possible
to get to nerve us to our unequal
Mrs Dawson seems to be wedded
to the idea that a woman's only happiness lies in marriage; bm for her
life to be full and happy her marriage
must bc so, and, unfortunately thc
percentage of happy marriages is deplorably small Then, again, she
loses sight of the iact. that there *M
not enough men to go round How-
is that difficulty to be overcome?
Work will hurt no woman; indeed
it is beneficial to thetn -to turn out
into the world and rub shoulder*, with
"all sorts and conditions "Is it not
likely t<> broaden a woman's mind
and open her eyes to thc reforms that
are so badly needed for her texl ***•■>.
it is not thc work that cramps the
woman's soul, hut the Condition* un
der whieh she works-, it is theve that
want attacking, Girls are employed
in commercial houses a*, typists, book
keepers, etc , at salnrte*. which a boy
fresh fron) school would ftttnotl l""i*
askance at, and for which no man
would do half the work -work returning brains and intelligence That is
where women workers arc so footitlt,
They work, work, work all day (or
a pittance that provides them with
bare sustenance, snd leaves no tt*X-
lion for legitimate pleasure and relaxation, and their employer grows
richer every year. Women have only
themselves to look to (or the betterment of their condition. Men won't
help us—-we cannot expect thetn t>>
In many branches wc are usurping
their places Ilut there is work
enough for all, and mnnc- enough
being made to provide each worker
with a comfortable livelihood, only
that we arc allowing our masters to
have ii all!
But to return to our subject of
woman's happiness, t is unite clear
that all cannot marry and have homes
of their own; but does it necessarily
follow that those who have to work
must be wretched? Mrs Dawson
draws a melancholy picture of a woman returning to her lonely, dreary
lodginvs after her day's toil, but need
she bc dreary, lonely, or wretched?
Can there be no interest or pleasure
in her life Do we speak of men returning lo lonely and dreary lodging*--
Do not they take interests anil pleasures in their lives? Is it not possible
for our women to make the leisure
hours of their lives of interest, pleasure and profit lo themselves anil
those around thetn. Of course il is
hard just at present, I grant you, partly because women work for such a
miserable wage that they cannot afford relaxation, and partly because of
thc thorny hedge of conventionality
with which a woman's life is surrounded. But let OUT girls turn out and
work anil fight and stand up for their
just rights, and broaden their minds
and enlarge their sympathies, and
soon wc shall sec that hedge brought
low and our single women leading
happy, useful and bright lives, and
turning ever a brave face to thc
Every man nerd'- a II tt svlteo fine
1 nglish ami American iplii itntn
worth Sj, I.*-SO and $.j arc offered U
this  price.
They are odd linis, bm the ,u\r%
are bran new, worth just u tint's it
they ever were to the men tier it,
although the entire lot g , -jfe it
$1  per hat.  But you'll havt  ;., hurrr.
Id mttattt Itnet
BURNS & C0.1
Second Hand Dealer:
■nit    Tools
Cool;     Slov.'S
We buy and ftc'l nil   kinds of
•crap   metal,     old    marhiarr*/, i i
rubber,   sarks,   ItotUea.  et
Stores—li**  and   IjM Cordon a
Si. K.
Hardware, Junk and Furniture- ] \
VaacMvtr, 1.6.
Telephone 2301
Sanitary  Etporta.    Plumbing In   nit
Ita branches.       Kstlmat » furnished-
Itepalra,  atovo connectioaa. etc.
Ml WCITWMTCI ML, ttmttl tnt.
Practical Boat
and Shea Maki
Hsiul-Mailc Donts snil Hlioei lo order in
sll stylrs.    Hi'piiliins promptly mui nr*t-
ly .loin-,     stuck   or stsple   ri'silyms-lr
Shors slsrnys on hnu.l
MS* WMtmlaitir ht.      Mm) ffiatait.
Single     rojili's.    S    c**nls;    • ]
J |   cop!-***, **5 conl*:  if. ooplea, M
i i    11'iits,   40     cnplett,   II.0U;     1'.*
•**    copiea  and  over,   2   OMta p"' |
These tate* Include poslw!*'
lo uny part of Cunndii <k the
United Kingdom. ]'
"The Western Clarion'
Uml flinw liar.        K-wvBeni linen*
CA--K   OVEN    DAY   AM>   >*I-*I*T.
IVIirM MiNliral.-.
IP YOU arc nt proRcnt cooking with conl  or wood we have a
proposition  to   make.
1st—Wo will Miipply a fire ut uny hour of tho duy or night, a»y
duy of  the yenr-nll you havo to do ia "strike a match."
^nd—Wo will give you a hotter fire for boiling,  linking,  broil-
ng,   toafltlng,   ironing and  other re<|ulronu*ntr* of household cooking than you ran obtain from idther conl or wood.
Jlrd—Wo will relieve you altogether of   the drudgery  of  building (Iron, carrying coal or wood,   handling   uaheN,   and ;
We will do all  them   thing*    for    an   amount   which la very
small   compared   with  t^e  efficiency nnd comfort, you  will obtain
Think thia over and Phono Jll.'wo will send our ropreHontatlv"
to glvo you dctntla.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
***m*^****m^m*+*~*r^tmromsms^mem*m*msmmatmsmmm — .-    .  _   _    _____»-*i »•>*■


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