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The Western Clarion Nov 18, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C.,   Saturd ay, Novembfr 18 1905.
Subscription Price
Pro Yeas
L Humphrey, ol Seattle, aad Hawthoroihwalte, of Nanaimo, Air Older-
encet ol Oplaloa by Meant ol Corretpoadence.
j  11. Hawthornthwaite,
5f«naimo>   "•   t;'
hflarine vour talk in Seattle,
SZSubsequent  discussions .that
*' t. ,,,,- ol the necessity of a
«thorough knowledge of the fun-
a Is iii Socialism. 1 believe
ITL character of the coming ro-
Ltion «''! bo determined b.v the'
,,.i ol knowledge we j-ossess and
^fearlessness of the men and wo-
a! it Hn- head of    the proletarian
P 1     Hi.- knowledge wo po»V
" »ill iiiil i|s in preparing the
Kfar ihis momentous change. Any
Lnrrmn" ol our plans may. and
rotat.lv will, cost us many lives
i'liml, unnecessary suffering,
,j,   may    In- avoided  if wo     are
I is you have impressed mc with
lour loyaltj tu, and fearlessness in
lisfitfiit for ii"' rights "f theworfc-
(.|aSv,    I will try to show    you
Hat nm are wrong.
|l bdievc Urn1   Ma"5  has  made     a
juplete   analysis   of   the  capitalist
Shod of production, and if we un-
■nttuid what  he und  his co-worker
have    slated,  (ami  1  believe
agree), all  will go  well     with
In explanation,   I   will   say that
|hen 1 quote anyone here,  it is not
, an   authority,   but  because  they
expressed my thoughts correct-
land that you may see what they
Ive raid en   'his  subject.      it    still
tins   m    me that  a  jfrenl   deal  ol
differences  of    opinion   on     this
lt>j«t nri-.'- Horn what is nn'nnt. by
"cost ot production,"  as used by
|an    Most of the people lhat take
i-:r position, and they ure in       the
Kjority   I   1 bin'.,   either   assert   that
Is earlier works are not  translated
fcroclly, ui   set  up the excuse   that
nut    agree  with  his    "l>us
toetal."    However,  we will see.
II il.. not know now under what
lulltions    or at    what   lime  Wnge-
>or an I t'apital was written, howler, wilh ilu-    exception  of a     few
errors, such ns using the word
liliur" for "labor power," .1  claim
coincides with "Das Kniital."  The
|me mn\  I..- said  of  "Value,   Price.
Profit," and unless yini  cun cite
tuifu- contradictions,    your    nsser-
Joo* ilii nni i ur j   much   weight.
|Xni*. n- in iii<- term "cost of prof
'inn,' I ti, 11 ii t ti i ri that it    means
lunount ..I' labor-time    expended
the   pr...lu. tion  of  a  commodity,
Jul has nothing to do with the wag-
thttl ur.   paid  for  that   labor-pow-
We will -..-.- what   Marx says on
fis point   in  Mugc-I.ahor  and  Capi-
il think  we are  agreed on  the
■ousodlty   character    of labor-pow-
1.)    On  pmr.-   8,   we   read:      "-What
Jit that determines the measure of
Is iimlif'      Tho cost  of  production
[nis goods, nml he reckons tho rifle
M full ui his profit by the number
[dix-rces it stands with reference to
"'in—th..    tost,  of  production."
ho un Pago  Hi,     "We  might show
|w supply and demand  is deter mi n-
11>> the coal of production."  Again
Page |n,   "The determination of
' price hy tho cost of production,
[nm i„ |„. understood in the sense
I the cronomists."    Page 11,   "The
fWmliiation ol price by the cost of
pwction, is the Bame thing as its
rninnninm i,v ,tl). duration of la-
V Whi h   is  required /„r   the  iiUMiu-
i'l'H'.- uf tt lommodity."     As labor?
P"''is ailniitleil  to  be a ronunod-
Iho Bamn us all  other coiiiiiiodi-
*. lhe same thing must determine
I ">■ question naturally arises, why
IPPort the I.W.W.? 1 will sav with
lar* again, "that all scientific
|i»ns ,i|,|„..ir paradoxical." On fMige
.vim will nottcs in the illustrn
T'n; "h" laborer receives two sbil
PP. In i.-turn he has given a pro-
r lh" value of which is 4 shil-
''k's- tn in other words, the vul-
" lho product Is measured not
'"' - shillings ns the Vcost of
lint by ono day's labor
Hist of production." (in
,, • "As a rule then, wages are
T 'i<'t"i-i,,im-(| merely by tho am-
rl ol KiiniiioilitloH for which the.v
IJ do exchanged. They depend
,n various relations." Page 20,
is u proportionate and rela-
iL i    ,!*lon'"     What th0'-. is ,m"
lr*'    law which determines    tha
have to make of you is to secure
tho series of articles contributed by
Comrade Bowdin to the International Reviow, entitled "Marx and his
critics." 1 muy not (|«., competent to
judge, but 1 consider him the most
thorough Marxian student iu America  today.
This, I guess is enough for today.
If you have the time and Inclination
I would like to hear from you p,-r-
sonuiiy, or through the columns of
the  Western  Clarion.
fraternally yours,
-H'fi  Pine  Street,   Seattle,  Wash.
Nanaimo,  B.C., Nov.
Kditor Clarion:
I  enclose     a     letter for publication
from Comrade Humphrey, of Seattle,
whi.h is self explanatory. As he has
given me the option, 1 think it advisable, with .\our permission, that
this discussion should be a public
one. With regard to the comrade,
let me say lhat though I disagree
wiih his economic interpretation of
Marx, or rather the application of
his analysis, 1 have formed a hiu;h
o| inion of his ability und worth and
consider that the fate of the imminent  revolt  of the proletariat in the
United States largely depends whether such men its himself, having
lirst perfected their economic knowledge, are allowed lo guide, for a
lime at least, its destinies. There is.
therefore, no tinge of pergonal animosity in 'his discussion.
Now, let me clear up the position
in regard to my Seattle utterances.
But little discussion on the cost of
pro,lui-lion. us uffecting wages took
place upon the platform, this followed in the hoadi-liarters and was most
unsatisfactory to Comrade Humphrey and myself owing io the number
of those who were desirous of joining in tho discussion without fully
comprehending lho points at issue.
So Much was this so thnt I pointed
out to one of the comrades before I
left   tlitit    I   felt   sure   (here   was     but
Ibetween  Comrade
Humphrey's  \i.«s and my own    on
Marxian   doctrines   if   we  were    given
to   discuss   them,
difference lay     in
from the audience
ing Marx, arises from the translators' difficulty of translating technical (lerman  into technical  Knglish.
in speaking of the Industrial Workers of the World, I furl her pointed
out that while Marx in his earlier,
or less .'important work. Value, Price
and Profit may seem, to a very mod-
Hied extent, to endorse trade unions,
the whole gist of his arguments in
Das Capital tends to prove, in my
opinion does prove, the utter worth-
lessness of such movements beyond
lieing "resisting points" to capitalism. If the "Iron law of wages" determines wages, how can the trade
unions determine them? Comrade
Humphrey might retort "How, then,
can trusts affect prices?" It is qfcite
true that the I.W.W., and all other
brands of the trade unions, are attempts ai the creation of trusts
amongst the owners and sellers of
labor power the working class, Hut
mark the difference. The capitalist
trust is a combination to destroy
competition in the capitalist ranks,
by destroying the weaker capitalists.
The trust, when completed, em-
brai.es, practically all the producers
or sellers of any one particular commodity having eliminated or dis-
tioyed its competitors.
The trade union trust endeavors
to destroy or overcome competition
in the ranks of the workers by combining the workers under one head
or trust. It does not propose, openly, to destroy the residue. But labor power, which the labor trusts desire to collectively offer for sale,
diflers from all other commodities in
this respect, that it is the vital or
life force of its owners.
The trust, as one can readily un-
dttrstand, experiences no difficulty in
feeding     its     members,   or  supplying
It is all very fine to ta!k about
the education of the workers in the
halls of the I.W.W.—you have Ic get
them there first. Many will not
join unless shown that it is to their
Immediate advantage to do so.
Therefore, the "universal strike" argument, which weapon is to be used
to enforce the demand for a higher
wage. The unemployed will naturally not join the new trade union,
even if they are wanted. Many of
the employed wrll not join it owing
to its alleged socialistic nature until the.v have become converts to
Socialism. If they have become converts to Socialism where Is the advantage of joining the union. It cun-
not obtain for them their emancipation. It is very evident that so
long as men must eat to live, competition in the ranks of the wage
workers cannot b» eliminated by such
fallacious methods as the formation
of desultory, partial or universal labor trusts. The worker is only robbed at the point of production and
the profits of the capitalist class arc-
made in production through'the creation by the worker of surplus values.
This l-eing the case I am fully aware
that wages affect profits and that the
Higher the wages the lower the profits nnd vice versa. But I believa
nnd assert that the evolution of the
trust has modified these laws, as at
no time did a capitalist sell at the
cost of production, unless forced to
by the laws of the market which
have been already referred to. 1
further assert that an effective labor
trust is an impossibility owing to
the peculiar nature of the commodity
labor power, which such a trust has
for sale. Because a man is a Socialist, that does not say that he will
be less inclined to scab when forced
to do so,  thnn  any other  trade un-
Tsroa.o Judge Delivers Kaack-iat Blow to the Shee^ Metal Workers— Britiah
Justice aad Fair Play ia Active Gperatlaa.
them with such work as they desire ' ionist for 1ho fiimp,e rcaFon that -^
-the pleasant task of spending the* KCCH through, or should all the
ill-got un gains, or skinning the flim_flaTn trad(. union talk of .broth-
woimi-s Ilu trade union, if u em erhood*. am1 "principle." He knows.
biat-.-il  al    workers,  or  indeed   under       „,„ , . ,, ..   .  .,   _   . .   .
_  .      .     ,.' or should know, that there is no such,
any  circumstances,   cannot   give   its ,•,;.,„        , .u.Lu     ■        „_j_ • ,    ■_
•   . ,      .     n i     thing as brotherhood  or principle in
members  work  at  all,   or even   adi- ....      •■,.., j.L.
.  . . .     ,       '. , , the riifh  for jobs today,  and that a
nuatoly   provide   for   them   for      ••""
L nn,l full ol wages and    profit in
.      ii'nprut-ai   ,-i-lation?     It  will bo
r on pago u, „f  "tWugo Labor
"V i Th" sainc wi" be found
Milt,,.,  iYi,0 and   Profit,"    page
la'iiit !•■       I,'s<)1<"iun, and in "Das
Vk'Li. ,°" I,a»° M1 **** °32 a™1
Jttle' r(-*<?r-'cd you when in Se-
Wm ",l>ro is B<> HpeciAc instance
|s fc ""'a work*, that are about
I Jn  nm- Iast- to" *<> substnntial-
PNnt I '-nrh   0,'hcr•   0,1houBn
tlin      ',V  ''"'''''ont  --ersons,    and
P'luiii iT0!"  u,",,s'    AU °f wnkh
inuk" r " «s a little careful not
PK tl,,'.' Is of ourselves by slat-
* ",,, mistakes have been made
'■' Mnrx or his translators.
lis i„,,' ""'.'selves do not know what
11.1       T\'] >».V them.
I ,.''''' ,kn«w when (!Wage-Labor
Ifiii.       .'    , was written.     "Value.
I'rolit"     was written'in
while    "|)aH  Kapital"  was
"n Wl
a fair opportunity
and that the real
the a; plientiun.
I was asked once
which determined the price (market;
of any commodity, the coal of production or wanes. 1 replied to tins
that the lost nt' production outside
of trust production, determined not
only the price of u commodity, but
nlso wages, regulated by the law of
supply ami domand and competition.
This led to the ifiiesi ion. "What had
the trusts to do with price?" 1 then
pointed out thai thc "trust," whi.h
did   noi   evist   in   Marx'   time,   having
ontrol of supply, ami having eliminated competition in the production ol
its own particular commodity could
to a marked oxtent, within reason,
raise Or lower the price i market) of
the commodity which it produced ami
oITered for sale. I illustrated this by.
Standard Oil, and a good many of
the audience seemod to think that
this commodity at least had risen
somewhat in price! This led to B
storm of protest under lhe guise of
questions, my assertion lieing doomed contrary '" Marxian analysis. In
the discussion or address preceding,
while speaking of the new trades
movement, the I. W. W., I asserted
thut Socialists emphatically deny the
Infallability of any Individual, whether Melis. l>el.eon, Murx or nnyone
else. Thai personally l refused to
take fm- granted lho published arguments of even Marx, unless they
proved In accordance with fact. I
then  pointed  out   it  palpable error in
"wage-labor and Qapital," .Toynea
ndition, stating, however that I U'-
licvctl that the mistake arose in the
translation. I referred to where the
terms "work" and "labor" are
poatedly and erroneously used
"labor power." Comrade Humphrey
seems to think that those are unimportant or "minor errors." 1 can
assure him that they are vital and
"Work" or "labor" is til.- function or use value (Capital p. ■">•>.)
of "labor power." If the worker
sells his "labor," wherein is he rob-
bod? lie sells his "labor power
which is n Commodity, and is paid
for at its market price, which is by-
no means its value. The capitalist
purchaser takes possession .of this
"luihor power," and with it of ner-
<*sitv. for the time being, of its
owner also, and consumes or uses tl.
labor power. But the worker, in
the expenditure of his lftbor powbr
from day to day produces vivlues over and alii've the value he rocoivod
for his labor fewer, which surplus
value   the  capitalist   docs   not     pay
o ,t all, Or for the labor power
llM„,litl producing it. and he"-, has
obtnlned '•something for noil ng or
In plain words has boon (fuitty of a
!,,',   of ro. on robbery or   swuidl-
„,      The  worker  is only  robbed   afl
A wage-earner who   Is
lengthy period. The greater thu
number in the labor trust the greater would be this difficulty, as non-
workers could not very well contribute. Hence, no matter what form
or name it may tale, it always re-
sol.es itself into the same old proposition—a fight between the workers, used in the sense of those who
have the jobs, and the non-workers,
or those wbo have them not—the
trades unionist and 'he alleged scab.
It is evident, therefore, that this
new labor movement that starts out
with such high sounding title, is in
ihe last analysis but another sorry
attempt to hold jobs nnd k«>ep up
wages, the price of labor (lower, not
at the expense oi the capitalist, if
Marx is correct, and he is, but at
the disadvantage of the poor devils
who have no jobs at all. lt is not
the class struggle, but internecine
warfare,   is not   a war  waged     upon
»leri»i    'i1 )8"7'   'sen  PrefaVe)  but
trade union is simply a cold blooded scheme for one set of workers to
hold their precious jobs against the
unemployed who desire to get them.
With regard to the general laws
that govern production, I am in accord with Comrade Humphrey, and
consider that he has made a close
study of Mnrx and that where he
fails is simply in the application of
these laws to every day events.
With regard to K. V. Debs' and Pc
I .eon, I expressed my opinion of
both these great advocates at Seattle. The literary ability of Pe-
l>'on is conspicuous in a movement
that is producinu intellectual plants
and I regard his cootrilitutions to the
classics of Socialism as beine of
groat value. Hrilliant writing, however, is not argument. I have followed with interest, these speeches
ns reported in the magazine, but
have,  as yet,  failed  to find  a sinede
he    capitalisl    class    „,.t    upon a|iagict     *'«"m"nt     in favor of this
branch     of  the    working class  itself.   ntnv  trnf,e ,,n,on'
the   most   helpless  of  all.   the  unem-! •'•   H;   HAWTHORNTHWAITE.
ployed class. | M.     P.     P.
The Workingmea Having Brakea the Rale ol Autocracy Are by No Means Inclined to Meekly Submit to that ol ths Bourgeoisie.
St.   Petersburg,   Nov.   11.—Perhaps• Europe were overthrown by the fieo-
ihe most      interesting    phase of the   pie under the leadership of the bour-
,-onfused situation in Russia,   caused   geoisie.      They     resulted,     however
, , r     ..     -i^lonly     in    setting     up  constitutional
by tho sudden loosening of all    the I monar,hieH>  whidl arc paradises   for
political forces, is the attitude °'--the bourgeoisie, perhaps, but econo-
the Social-Democrats who claiim the mie hells for the workingman. llus-
nonor for  thft overthrow  of  the des- sia  is  the  only  country  owin"      its
a pio'lucer
nXpTod<K'.ng"am*"" J-g *>*
iH the profit, of the capitalist, can
Uv claim; that he is being■   rc-b-
fitta n,    f."r  ,ho  hook  was
11 hav,     ,K-for" ««at.
made something of a study
«i .lis,,,..11'"'1"'  lM,li  to  date     have
Kv 'aim!..r....u')y contradiction but
A  rwpiest   1
apparent ones.
,„„,     -work'' is not a opmmodto,
(Ms „  variable,  if not   intnng.l.le,
Hut  labor POWOr is not    in-
i,  is n commodity   and its
nature     Is stamped nil
the necessity of   ab-
ti nt
over it.      Henri
2 „«. .-om-rtni'ss in thenar- of terms
r,,. comlncod, lot mo say. that
m      pi tbe difficulty of comprehend-
|K)iinm nnd are determined j that they
shull not be cheated of the fruits of
victory b.v bogus Liberal leaders,
who took iio part in the real contest. Not only a Democratic Republic, liut a universal Soialistic
Utopia is 'heir dream. Their far-
reaching programme announced in
two new papers which have just lieen
launched, the "/Novais Shizn"
."New Life") an.I '-ISashoJa" ("The
Beginning") in which their aims and
views will be set forth, will repay
careful consideration on the part of
foreign students of the present political struggle in Russia. The stalls
of the papers are composed of 40
of the most brilliant writers in Russia, including Maxim Gorky and M.
KielT, author of "The Red Ijiugh."
Political visionaries these men may
lye, but they have embraced the doctrine of International Socialism with
lheir whole hearts and are bound
to exercise a great influence on Russian thought In the present chaotic
conditional Thoy openly scorn tho
teachings of history, claiming that
the world is entering, i»n a new stage
of social uiul political evolution. After the complete overthrow of the
present regime in Russia, they propose to erect upon the ruins a now
political-social edifice, which will
lorm the nucleus of the future Utopian system of international demo-
i-racy. and the achievement of
political eijuality. The next step
will be the levelling of all so-
i-ial ranks. They already speak with
contempt of their present allies as
the bourgeoisie for whom thc overthrow of absolutism was thc final
M. Gorky says: "Kor the proletariat, the political revolution is only-
one stage on thn road of social re-
volut'ion. We unite with them for
the purpose of securing guarantees
of political freedom, but. later wc
will demand guarantees from them,
and wo will bo entitled to them. All
tho formor despotic governments   of
(Toronto World.) j    The decision is of more than ordin-
».     . .X.      „.:.„„ „- ■*.„ «„»    ary  import.     It creates  a precedent
The jurv in the action of the Met-      ", ,      .. .    .        r,
n<    x,    r       ,•     .. _       . : ...   i „,.    and marks   the conclusion   of an ar-
allic   Rooiimr  Company  against  Loc- , .     ,. ,. ,.  . ,, ™     .
i  it  -xt      n.x     , .t    3£   . w„,„* Igument which had its commencement
al  Union No. 30, of the Sheet Metal   ?   7. , ,,.,.„ , .
w    I e   ■ x, j     -4    i ...      wt    Z , l>n the spring of 1902. and has since
Workers    finished    its last w-oek   by ,   . ,.. .u        x. ■ .       ,
.   .    . ,     .. ,  ,      ..        ,  ,„    wended its way through a variety of
bringing in a verdict  for  the   plain-   .      . •    b      ?    "    The \
tilt of 97,500.     Justice McMahon Ini^T     a-! f,?, byL\   a'V"'.  X     ,  e ,
., ;.:__    «u„      ,.._  ,   .j,.™   diet  means  that  officers  of  a     local
union are responsible for the actions
of its members, and that the* general
labor body is responsible for the action of one of its parts.
Tho trouble started through thc
company, after negotiations, refusing to si -j » an agreement making it
a union shop. A strike was called,
and J. S. Chapman, corresponding secretary of the Sheet Metal Workers' Local Union sent letters to sheet metal contractors saying that ''on or after August 20,
your men absolutely refuse to handle any product of the Metallic Roofing Company, of Toronto, as they
are nn unfair firm to organized labor." After a time two ol tho strik
ers went, back to work. They were
! followed by the union nnd one of
thorn fined $1.5. The company also
had to take hack goods which union
men refused to handle. A suit for
boycott was instituted. The trouble
was to    find the responsible parties.
charging- the jury, warned them
•aiauinst being actuated by prejudice said that the comimny was
justified in refusing to discharge
non-union employees; thnt the men
were at liberty to strike; but that
the union was not bo be allowed to
coerce men to quit work. Following are the (most ions submitted to
the jury,  and  the answers:
(1.) Were the workmen of the
plaintiff company wrongfully and
maliciously coerced to leave their employment by the defendants or any
of them?
(2.) If you answer the above question in the affirmative, state which
of the defendant induced thorn.
A.—B.v motion of Loi'al Union No.
30, and endorsed by the International  Association,   the parent society.
8.) Did tho defendants conspire
hy threats or intimidation to induce
the plaintiffs' customers, who would
otherwise have dealt with the   plain-   Th. case    went     to\he     divisional
tiffs, to refrain from dealing with
them, and did they in consckfueucc
(4.) Did any of the plaintiffs'
workmen, who were members of the
union, vote for the resolution io call
out the union workmen from plaintiffs' shops?
A.—We cannot tell from the evidence.
(5.) If you answer in the affirmative, can you say how many of them
voted for such resolution?
A.—Oannot answer.
(0.) If you find the plaintiffs a-e
entitled to re-over damages b.v reason of the defendants' acts, at what
sum do vou assess such damages?
A.— *7,500.
courts and to the court of appeal,
whi h said the parties to sue were:
Local Union No. 30, Amalgamated
Sheet Metal Workers' International
Association and William Jose, Richard Russell, S. Cox, W. 0. Brake,
J. S. Chapman, J. S. Kennedy, J.
S. Annable and all other persons
constituting thc said Local union
No. 30, Amalgamated Sheet Metal
Workers' International Association.
The Metallic Roofing Co. brought
the case before Judge McMahon of
the civil jury assizes under the order
of the court of appeal, and sued for
(1) The sum of $10,000 as damages;
|2) an injunction restraining the
unions from interfering with their
business: (3) the costs of the action.
Showing the Happy Resell al Mis "Beaevoleat Assimilation," hy tha Readlaess
Wilh Which he Adapts Himself ta the "Simple" bat "Straaaaas Life."
We are running across many things
these days that knock the lining out
of old traditions and superstitions,
and put  many good old  theories   in
lead  them  to demand  the open    -md
free admission  of the Chinaman.
We have found out a lot of things
beside government scandals during
"the heated     term"   that  leave     the
the back shop. Some of them are! impression lhat we J nvo lx.cn n na-
welcoined and a few of thorn make f Hon of "pipe dreamers" that ..slot
us sit up and wonder what the out-|     ,, '*..'..„,{*P .".!„;
evolution to an organized army of
workmen, who are able to oppose
the forces of the Government with a
weapon which has paralyzed the nation's heart. The greatest credit
for tho victory thus far achieved belongs to the noble-minded body of
students, who years ago began to
realize their historic mission."—Press.
In s|-eaking of Russia, the Western
Clarion last week took occasion to
remark thnt "no other country was
over so permeated with Socialist
ideas at a similar stage in its political development. The thousands
of Russian Socialists know full well
the greasy hypocrisy of constitutional government."
The above press dispatch comes
along as a most striking confirmation of the truth of this. With a
brilliant and courageous galaxy of
class-conscious" workmen, .students
and writers arrayed against it, the
Russian bourgeoisie ■ will undoubtedly find its pathway blocked by the
most stubborn opposition that ever
confronted thnt profit ■< mon'gering
class in its industrial maraudings in
any country on earth.
The reference to the realization of
the aspirations of the Socialists as
a "Utopian" dream, may perchance,
afford a sort of balm to the harried feelings of the blood-sucking
cainitalist fraternity. Whatever solace they may be able to derive from
it they are heartily welcome to. If
to bring to an end the plunder of labor at the hand of thn ruling class,
is to arrive at "Utopia." every Socialist cheerfully accepts the term,
and will press on with renewed zeal
for its final attainment.
While tho struggle of our Russian
comrades may, nnd should excite our
keenest interest, nnd most intern** ad-i
miration, no Socialist will for a
moment forget that in his .own country a similar battle is to be fought
that requires his best energies and
most heroic efforts.
come will be.
We never regarded the Japs very
seriously until they showed they hud
been overlooked in the general observation of world afiairs. When they
Started their surprise party against
Russia few could believe tbat years
of |>erfecting themselves against an
enemy would stand against superior
numbers and resources, but the little
"Yankee of the Orient" mode more
than good nnd set our people on
edge wondering how soon he would
quit making bronzes and embroideries for us and send a few gun boats
to show what, the real thing, looked
Then we woke up to find that all
of ICurope had decided to fight the
American business invasion by tar-
lill legislation aimed particularly
against the United States. We also
found out about the same time that
our business concerns had overlooked their geography and did not
know South America was on the
We decided to dig tho Panama Canal with contract slaves and were
jarred by the information that the
governments from which the slaves
were to come would not. allow Ihem
to work on the canal because of its
unhealthy condition.
Then we found that the despised
Chiinnmnn, the lowest animal thut
walks on two legs, had risen in the
night and declared that unless his
people were admitted to the United
States on the same equal around
as the people of all other nations,
that, he would buy his chewing tobacco nnd whiskey, his cotton and
tinware from some one else besides
us. This was a rude jar upon our
business nerve and it has set. all
kinds of people into hysterics     that
It would seem that after having
found a government agent who declared that ship subsidies were unnecessary that tho end has been
reached, but it has not.
The English High Commissioner of
South Africa has received a dcleen-
lion of the Transvaal Miners' Association who demanded protection.
They did not demand to be protect,
ed from unsanitary conditions or the
murderous attacks of the natives—
not much. They asked to be protected from the personal attacks of
the Chinese coolies that have been
put in the mines. It seems that,
the Chinks have learned something
from the Japs and that'is they must
fight to hold their own. If the miners know anything about it., if broken heads and blackened eyes, not to
mention other divers and sundry
bruises are good evidence, they have
learned the lesson well, for thc despised Chink hammered the white man
until there wasn't enough raw beef
in the Transvaal to tie up thc block
eyes. The white man's burden in
the Transvaal evidently is bloody
noses and busted crowns, due to the
fighting spirit of the Chink, who was
supposed to be the meanest and most
cowardly of the human race.
Besides these great surprises and
the qUcry of what they all mean
tbe great national problem, "who
struck Billy Patterson," liocomes of
insignificent  moment.
We would like those of our Americans who insist that the Chinaman
is as good as any other man, and
better than some, how they regard
the prospect of meeting the hard fist
of the Yellow Peril on tlie end of
their dignified proboscis as reward
for preserving the business interests
of America from the despised Chinee?
—Railroad Trainmen's Journal.
A oertain Lion who reigned the absolute tyrant of the forest on a time
arbitrarily proposed to exact from
his slavish subjects a siiilicient part
of their daily prey for his own maintenance, thut he might not himself
toil for his subsistence; and that every Beast should contribute according to his means in the form of a
tax; but how to adjust this im|)ost
was the difficulty. The Tiger was
the first who gave his opinion on
this knotty point, saying that tho
properest and jilstest way would be
to lay n tax on vice, and that each
lleast should settle the quantity for
his neighbor, ns by that means it
would prevent any selfish partiality.
"No, no!" said the Llephant, "that
will never lie just, as it will give
power to-ill-will and oppression. Tho
j best manner in my judgment,  would
I be to lay tho    tax on virtues,   and I *-■"-'"
leave it to everyone to give in a catalogue of his own, and then thoro
is little doubt but it would prove
the means of raising a most ample
and rich excheipier."—Fables ot Esop
With the object of finding work
as soon as necessary for about 750
unemployed, the 1/H>ds City Council have decided to borrow £4,600.
This will be a mutter of a trifle
over Ll\ each, which, if given to tho
unemployed outright might hold
them up for a month, or such a matter, when the situation would lie the
same as before. Presumably, the
money will be used for road-building
Or something of the sort. Just how
long the present ruling class expect
to stave off the day of reckoning by
such paltering measures is not clear.
Probably as long as the work peoplo are silly enough to be quieted by
' MS!-
: ;;i
.    '1:4
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SATURDAY, NOV. 18, 1905.
Capitalist production is based upon
iwage-labor. This precludes tho
worker possessing any property
rights in the means of labor, 1. e.,
the resources of the earth and the
machinery of production. Under such
circumstances.the power to labor, or
labor power, of the worker becomes
a commodity, to be bought and sold
in the market just like any other
article of merchandise.
Commodities exchange in the market with each other, usually through
the intermedium of money, according
to the relative amount of social   labor—tlime retfiired for  their production.    Deviations from this    rule undoubtedly occur out of circumstances
surrounding    exchange     at    cortain
times,  or in given localities.     Many
things  may  happen  to disturb     the
exchange  of  commodities  upon     the
basis of their real exchange value as
determined by    their respective cost
in labor-time,  but such disturbances
are at the most but temporary   and
eventually exchange, like water, finds
its level.     At ono time a given commodity may command an advantage
in exchange over other commodities,
because of its scarcity or the ability
of tho owner to withhold it from thc
market,  at another time it may exchange at less than   its correct   exchange value because the supply     of
it is greater than required to satisfy
the demand.     As these perturbations
of the market eventually'Subside and
exchange finds  its    proper  level,    it
would seem  that commodities refuse
to    exchange    for    any  considerable
length of time except upon a correct
basis.    The attempt of workmen   to
compel the exchange of their    commodity labor-power for more     than
its actual cost in labor-time    does
not appear to meet with any marked and lasting degree of success,   as
any careful    student of events   may
see. N
With all of tho evidence to show
that the laws of exchange approximate closely to the conclusions of
Marx, as briefly outlined above, there
are still many persons who, because
of the occasional deviation that occur are prone to indulge in elaborate
and lengthy scientific hair-splitting
in order to bolster up some pet theory to which they are wedded. This
is especially noticeable in the case
of he who attempts to conjure up a
scheme to instil revolution into the
heads of tho workers by some sort
of pot-pourri in the "economic field"
by some new .fangled trade union title. The average workingman can
be but Htle interested in this hairsplitting, nor is it necessary that he
indulge in them, or be afflicted by
them. An understanding of thc general proposition affords a sufficient
groundwork upon which to base his
action in the struggle for his emancipation. This scientific hair-splitting can only tend to confuse the
issue and befuddle the workman who
is drawn into it.
These are not days to be devoted
to scientific hair-splitting over flne-
sjwn theories upon which to "hang
a moral or adorn a tale." These
are days for action upon the line
of working class interest, nnd not
upon that of craft, clan or faction.
Tho warrant for such action may be
furnished by a plain statement of tho
facts of capitalist production and its
exploitation of labor under the wage-
process, without resorting to thc devious and confusing by-ways of scion-
tiflc hair-splitting. Once the workingman obtains an understanding of
the main facts in the case be may be
rtepended upon to do tho rest.
It is unnecessary that such understanding be trimmed with all the
frills of scientific nicety.
What distinguishes tbe Russian revolution from all other revolutions
of modern times fs that it has been
both political and social. Strikes and
political agitation have gone hand
in hand. The Czar's surrender means
infinitely more than a variation in
forms of government. The impending changes go down to the very
foundations of society. They may
begin at the top as well, for tho
spirit of revolution has not been
quelled, the radicals still demand
more, nnd it is doubtful whether the
Czar's belated concessions have
come in time to save his throne.
The chief strength of the autocraej
in Russia heretofore has been the
fact that it has been the only articulate, coherent force capable of send
ing a definite impulse through a
mass of unorganized, unconnected human cells. A Nihilist mtight throw a
bomb in Moscow; a mob might break
windows in Odessa, but the Government, controlling tbe railroads and
telegraphs, censoring the press, and
forbidding public meetings, could
bring its troops from Manchuria,
from Finland, or from tho Caucasus
and stamp out the poor little spark
of revolt before the bulk of the population knew that anything had happened. Hut at last despotism lost
this advantage. The railroads and
tho telegraphs, those nerves of pow-
^r without which the omnipotent
Czar was a helpless prisoner in his
palace, were operated by a body of
workers class-conscious and frankly
redolutionary. Without them, each
body of troops was anchored to its
station. And while the Government's force was paralyzed, thc isolated human cells of,the Empire were
becoming knit into an organism.
From lAke Baikal to the Baltic,
workmen, professional men, and even
peasants were learning to act in
common. Tho censorship of tho press
had broken down; the right of public meeting was cither granted or defiantly seized. Discipline was at an
end in the fleet and wavering in the
army, and rifts had appeared in tho
htureaiicracy itself. The Emperor's
will was no longer law in his own
capital—absolute monarchy, mighty
and terrible even in its crimes, was
an extincf institution, and the Czar
hnd only to write its epitaph.
The above is not from a Socialist
paper.     It   is    from  "Collier's"    of
Nov. 11, 1905.    Not long since, capitalist  papers  were decrying the use
of the term class, class-conscious, ro-
ivolutionnry, etc., by   tbe   Socialists
as  being  unwarranted by the   facts.
Classes,  they claimed,  did not exist,
hence no  such  thing  as class-consciousness,  and as for revolution,  that
was a figment, of thc diseased   brain
of the degenerate agitator and trouble breeder.    Hut these various terms
are now msed in .tho' .most   matter-of-
fact way imaginable.   It is indeed plea
sing to note this evident acknowledgement  of  the correct  analysis    made
and'sound conclusion drawn by    thc
Socialist in regard to capitalist   society and its attendant phenomena.
To the Socialist it is clear that
nothing short of an awakened class-
consciousness could have prompted
the Russian workmen to so complete*
ly tie up the railways, etc., and
stand by their guns until the power
of the C/ar was broken. With such
an awakened class-consciousness, organization logically follows almost
in the twinkling of an eye, when thc
hour for action strikes.
If there is one lesson of more importance than another to be drawn
from the events referred to by Collier's, it is that the railway and telegraph is the very key-stone in the
arch of capitalist exploitation and
murder. Once the operatives desert
their post in a body, not only is
capitalist exploitation for tbe moment paralyzed, but its murderous
enginery is rendered virtually powerless because of the practical impossibility of its concentration. Tho tying up of the means of communication and transportation by tho Russian workmen was a master stroke,
and should bo taken as a most valuable tip by the workers ot other
countries as to the lino of action to
bc followed should the necessity
"Only thirty of the women were
admitted to tho presence of Mr. Balfour. The Premier was sympathetic.
He acknowledged that the evSl was
real, but he had little to suggest in
thc way of alleviation except an expression of hope that public charity
would come to thc aid of tho unem.
ployed. He depreciated the Socialistic suggestion that industries
should be started at the national ex-
l«ense for the liencfit of thc unemployed as calculated to destroy tbe
springs of enterprise and enerm-
tbe nation." 1
Tho above is clipped from an
count of tho recent unemployed
monstration in the City of London,
when some thousands of workless
ones waited upon Premier Balfour,
and demanded that something be
done to relieve their distress. The
mighty man could offer nothing more
substantial than a hope that "public charity would come to their aid"
Presumably the meanest and most
poverty-stricken one amoi,g their own
number could have as successfully
dealt with the problem as did Balfour,    It would not appear to    re
quire  any extraordinary  quantity  of
brains to express such a hope.
The solicitude manifested by Balfour for the "springs of enterprise
and energy of the nation" is to be
commended. It is far better that
these "springs," that have already
brought the country to its present
proud position of "Mistress of the
Seas." and possessor of one of the
biggest armies of paupers on the
globe, should be kept unpolluted,
than that arrangements should be
made whereby oven one pauper might
be able to fill his belly.
And what are tlie "springs of enterprise and energy" that this states-i
man (sic) refers to. The enterprise
and energy of the Rnglish working-
men has made possible the position
now occupied by England as one of
the wealthiest nations on the globe.
This "enterprise and energy" has expressed itself solely along the line of
producing wealth. Tho resources of
the country ure beyond computation
and if, at the disposal of the English workmen, these industrious ones
would soon bid adieu to poverty and
its attendant miseries.
Capitalist "enterprise and energy"
is, however, of a different character.
It expresses itself in tho absorption
of wealth produced and not in its
production. English capitalists have
sucked up the products of English
labor until their capital has become
so huge in volume as to cover every
avenue of wealth production, and
thus completely deprive thc workers
of all ownership in any of thc things
upon which their existence depends.
Thc springs of capitalist enterprise
and energy are fed by the life blood
of wage-sla'ves which is coined into
profits in tho mills, mines, factories,
etc., of capitalist property. For anv
nation to inaugurate public industries for the* purpose of enabling its
citizens to provide for their necessities by producing the food, clothing,
shelter, etc., requisite for their comfort and well-being, would indeed,
''destroy the springs of enterprise
and energy of the nation," and let
it be rememliered right hero that the
word "nation" is 1 used in exactly the
same sense as Balfour used it. The
present nation consists of the capitalist class which owns the means of
wealth production upon which its
people must needs depend for an existence.
To whatever extent public industries might lie set up for the jiur-
poso above stated, to that extent
would the "springs of capitalist enterprise and energy" be no longer
fed by the life-blood of workers. , For
that reason did "Balfour" object to
the Socialist suggestion as to public industry to be carried on for use
instead of profit. And for the same
reason was he not only "sympathetic," but extremely hopeful in regard
to "public charity."
In fact the Premier did all he
could do in the matter, except tell
the truth, and as to whether he is
sufficiently acc/uainted with the facts
of the case to do that we do not
know. The truth of the matter is
that capitalist industry has reached
that point in its development when
it can no longer satisfy the requirements of human-kind. Man can no
longer feed, clothe and shelter himself under its sway. No further
proof of this is required than this
very mass of unemployed and hungry people who waited on Balfour.
Capital is henceforth impotent to
serve the race. Capitalists themselves, as well as their Balfours and
other political tools, are absolutely
powerless to cope.with the difficulty.
Tho only power sufficiently great to
master tho problem and open out to
tho workers the opportunity of feeding, clothing and sheltering themselves is tho working class itself.
This it cannot dc by waitine upon
and apiiouling to Balfours or their
capitalist masters, but'by seizing the
reins of public power and destroying
capital, by converting the means of
production into their own or workr
ing-class property, and abolishing
the wage-system.     This will destroy
men were practically unknown in the
early  ages.     In ancient  Greece   and
Italy slaves tilled the soil,  due   the
mine,  wove the cloth and built     the
walls.     In the decline of the Roman
empire the northern conquerors took
away thousands of useful craftsmen,
such as smiths, carpenters,  workmen
in metals, shoemakers, tailors, dyers
nnd  their skill was utilized   for   tho
sole benefit of their masters, but the
great monuments of slave labor are
the pyramids nnd the great wall   of
China.      Direct   legislation  on    labor
dates  as  far back  as  the  fourteenth
century,   when  nn  act  known  as the
statute of laborers was passed. That
was in 1.149. during the reign of Ed--,
ward III. in England.     At  that period the populntion had lieen so     reduced  b.v pestilence,  and the demand
for Inlior was so great,   that the laborers     demanded   substantially    increased   wages.    Employers   of   artisans appealed to the crown, and    an
act was passed which made it    compulsory for all men nnd women toilers to a"cept    the   rate of wages in
force five years prior to date.    This,
of course,  checked  the    workers     in
their efforts for better pay, for those
who  failed  to  live up  to  the   letter
of the  act  were seized by  the    sheriff and cast  into jail.     Down to tho
fifteenth   century   workingmen      wer
pressed   by   the  king's   sword   to  lab
or, regardless of their will'as to pay,
hours or place of employment. Early
in the fifteenth century they received
their  first    concession—the    privilege
of  sending  their  children  to     school
if the.v so chose.    The lot of tho laborer in the nncient and middle   ages
was unenviable. He was compelled to
truckle  to his ruler or master,    and
wns n prey to the conscription gang.
Education  was denied him. unless he
mannired   to  study  clandestinely.   He
had no  appointed representation     at
the court,  nnd few    volunteered     to
champion his cause before the   king.
The sweets of life were a closed book
to him.  and his lot was to tie    buffeted  about like a shuttlecock."
Free and untrammeled workingmen
are as scarce an article now as then.
The tentacles of exploitation are as
firmly fastened upon them as ever.
Never in tho workman's history
since civilization was born has his
tenure of employment been less secure, nor his hold upon the means of
living more un-ertain than at present.
Slaves till fhe soil, dig the mine,
weave the cloth, and build the walls
now as they did in "ancient Greece
nnd Italy," the only difference heino-
that now the.v are of the wage typo,
while then th".y were chattels, a difference in outward appearance only.
It is no longer necessary for the
conijlieror to "tako awny" useful
workers as in tho olden time. These
useful ones are everywhere and in
abundance, and thc resistless tide of
the lnbor market will cast them in
quantity upon the shores of any land
where the conqueror (capital) may
IX'q^iire their cervices. Lite their
predecessors of chattel slave days,
their skill is "utilized for the sole
benefit of their masters."
The great monuments of wage-
slave labor consists of tho present
great system of factories, shops, rail-,
ways, buildings, etc., and the enormous quantity of other needful things
continually being turned out by the
modern workmen. While these monuments, if left to thc tender mercies
of the hand of time, might not endure to long ns the "pyramids and
tihe great wall of China," they are
much more serviceable to those of us
who want "something now." It is
su|K*rfluotis to remark that while the
ancient slave builded pyramids and
great walls, he also fed, clothed and
sheltered all people of his time. This
bears a most striking similitude to
what the wage-slave of today does.
As there is no longer a scarcity of
labor such as existed in England in
thc fourteenth rentury ns a result iof
the "HIack I'.ague," it is unnecessary for the masters to enact laws
for the purpose of keeping the wage
of labor down. The very circumstances of thc market (more laborers
than jobs) are more effective for this
purpose than ull the human law that
was ever concocted.
It is no longer necessary to a(»oenl
to tho Crown for assistance in com-
lielling workmen to accept thc wages
offered. The lash of necessity does
tho job more speedily and elT»*ctively
Socialist Directory
gaT" Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. 91.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. H. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley.
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside Block, 318. Cambie
Street, (room 1. second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
D. P. MILLS. Secretary.
Box 838. Vancouver B.  C.
by bringing to an end the coinage of
the blood of labor into tho profit of
The dispatches say that during thc
march of these unemployed men and
women on their visit to the Premier
they sang the Marseillaise, which
had probably never been sung in the
streets of London under such circumstances before. It will be sung
many a time, and no doubt thero
will be much done besides the singing of it in tho streets of London tie-
fore the English workmen succeed
in breaking the strangle-hold that
tho British ruling class now has upon
their throats. Until that hold is
broken they must continually sink
deeper in the mire of poverty, misery
and degradation.
Under thc heading "Conditions of
tbe laborer ages 'Ago," we find the
following In tho Machinists' Journal
for November.
"Free   and   untrammeled working-
the "springs"  that Balfour refers to   nn<! with k'ss shotk anrt jar to    tho
delicate sensibilities of the cultured,
refined and esthetic labor-skinners
themselves. It is thus much better
all around.
Tbe worker of today who refuses t-|
live up to tho law of wages as laid
down by the conditions of the labor-
market, is not "seized by the sheriff and cast into jail." He is merely 1 turned into the street and told to
"move om" As compared to tho
old-time method, this latter day
style of dealing with him is much
less crude, coarse and vulgar, and
consequently more in tune with our
Christian conception of heavenly har-,
mony and other such desirable things
It is no longer necessary that the
workingmen bo "pressed by tho
king's sword to labor," for reasons
already stated. Dispossessed of all
right and titlo to their moons of living, their stomachs may be safely
trusted to press them to labor, thus
saving much wear and tear on the
"king's sword."
True, the workingmen can now
send their children to school, that is
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd aad
and 4 th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. V. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. O. Gribble,
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
Union Directory
*"-«••> «*1 Where T^
mouth.    ha^toiM
Yn&tsESP    al«-rn-,te   M°  ,
John  Riordan, preside",. MB?f
Brown, vice-president     p E>
casse sergeant-at-arms*; w'A
bury, secretary-treasure, f?J
198, Phoenix. B. C       '   ' °
Phoenix     Miners
W. F. M.    Mee
I',, Union.   No.
evening at 7.30 o'clock'^'trM
it their own wages are not so small
as to compel them to send them to
tho wage-market instead in order to
assist in eking out the family
existence, In an ever Increasing
number of cases this disposition of
the children is being made necessary.
Jt is unnecessary to disguise the
fact that in spite of all boosts as
to present-day free educational opportunities, about all the education
acquired by the average workingman
is enough to ehable him to imbibe
the daily dish of poison served up
to him in the capitalist press, and
figure up the amount of his week's
wages at one dollar per day. A
wage-slave almost from the cradle
to the grave, he has little time to
acquire any education beyond that
necessary to make him a profitable
slave for his master.
The modern workman is not altogether a stranger to thc necessity of
truckling to his ruler or master. If
he does not "truckle," his job insecure at the best, will be rendered
more so. Hence, in many cases he
"truckles" as a matter of self-preservation, ln this respect he has
little the liest of his predecessor of
the middle ages. While he may not
tie "a prey to the conscription gang"
it may be noticed thnt the art of
building stockades within which he
must work and Hive, is not altogc-
•h'\ unknown to our present glorious civilization. It may Ik* argued
by some apologetic scribe that the
stockade is a wise nnd happy provision devised by the good muster iii
order to i»roteet his "free" workmen
from being bitten by stray dogs.
All this talk about how much better is the condition of labor now
than at some previous period Ls the
veriest rubbish, I Abor no doubt, I
has access to certain things that;
were once denied it. But this as a
rule, applies to those things that
were deniid to all because they were
not yet known to any. The relative
position of masters and slaves has
been little altered since slavery was
born. These two are of a different
social status now as ever before and
whatever advancement has been made
by the slave class towards creator
material comforts, has been offset by
the master class having made an
equal  or greater advance.
The chasm between them has neither been narrowed., or bridged. It
cannot be so long as masters and
slaves  exist.
The "sweets of life," are as much
a "closed liook to the average workman of today as they ever were,
since civilization announced its birth
by the advent of human slavery upon
the stage of events. No slave was
ever more completely ."buffeted about
like a shuttlecock," thnn the wage-
slave of today. Carried now here,
now there, by the ever-shifting nature of his employment, now thrown
.ipon this const, then upon that, by
the resistless tide of the capitalist
labor market, he becomes often! hues
buffeted out of all semblance to a
human being. Even the most fortunate of workingmen seldom have
a home that they can call their own,
nnd feel sure of continued and undisturbed possession. The great majority nre rapidly reaching the point
where it is kilo folly to even dream
of having one. Rather thnn spend
tune in glorifying the present nt thc
exjiense of the pnst, let us bend our
energies towards making thc future
at least decent, by tho abolition of
wage-slavery, and the upbuilding of
a workers' commonwealth, that shall
know neither mnster nor slave, except as a hateful memory of a barbaric past.
Ina a^ uaer siHr i, tttd.
Always . fearless,i exponeal 1, «.,|
cause of labor. '
For one dollar the paMr .in 1 I
•mtoMyaftlrwfoXX   '
Workingm tnofallcountrie,.i„ 1
soon recognize the fact tlut ,S.
tnni4 ripport and read their liS
pspera. m! I
every Friday.
Tea Vslce Pilum,, Ce., U,iW|
I. Eawian Htm..
Uw.   *    C   B,TII<»
barkibtkks noumoKs, rrc
Tn ta   po B.,inJ
•Net     •    Vaicir.tr, | \
Miners Klagazii
Published WMkly by the
Westara rsientlta Ot Minn
A Vigorous Advocate ol Uuh'i|
Clear-Cut and Aggrmaln.
Por Year $1.00.      Six Monifat. 1
Denver, Colorado.
C  PETERS  fc*wwl
w. rcic.no MiSiMllbl
Head-Made Room unit Bhotl lo uit-t i ,
all style*.   Rcp*.iiiiii pr»uipil*-tiidM
ly dour.     Stuck   ul  iU-ilc  rc-dyaid- j
Shun b1wi>-> uh hllKi.
MM Westaisttir Ave      MhiI rlutatl
Single copies 5 cents, dcopwj
»5 <• nis is copies, 50 cents. 401
copies f 1.00. 11*1 copiisand urn j
a cents per copy.
These rates include |w>slage te 1
anv part of Causda ur the LuiuJ
 Printed in the Office ef—
16s Mailings Street
Bos 8.y6 Vancouver,
Per year, #1 00. Sii months, jo j
cents.    Strictly 111 advance.
Bundles of 25 or mote 1 <*nl r* J
Tbe Western Clarion •»*■"■
1   compromis ng   advocate   of u*
revolutionary  aspirations ol "»
working class   in  the «bolW»H
of capitaliat properly »"<! i',WB I
pleuient, the wage system.
IBS CerCava Stmt
And  have  It rejuvenatedo*"\J|
Ills.   OM Bats Cleansd. rYs»H
Mads ss Oood as   *•*   "^T1
workmen and at ■oderats to*
Elijah Leard.
best in a c eni"
United Hatters of North AmeniJ
•bm yas are tarts* • W«■«"'•*,'*, VI
the Oenatae Ual.a Label ta eaves' la "- „ wl
baa loose labels In his poeeasaloB aad on ^s
one ta a. hat (or yen. da not P»tr0""*     Th, i**|
labels la  retail stores ore eeeaterteue. w -as
Dales fako! Is perforstei os tour edK«. m>i
earns aa a pastes* stassp.    Cottnt,,"!e„II), tlm- **|
... varttamut aa tare. mbym. **£\\\ab* *f
oa two.    -let* B. StoWoa Oa..
noe-oalca eewasrta.
JOHN A. MOrrtrr.  rraetasat, Oras«f. .
11 w »»»rl"
MAJITIH   LAWLOD,   Secretary,   1*
Saw Task. jtrranAY, nov. ia. 1905.
^ Forecast of the Future
Prophetic Outline ol Seclal laititutioat aad Conditions After tne Working Class Shall Have Attained Its Freedom.
[from "Woman," By August Bcbcl I
ok buck ou the previous ar-
- ive Hud that with the cessu-
P ol private property in the means
U°n.0,k and production, and hund
t tainl with the conversion into social Pf?i?
lhe crowd of evils has
i,- „„.*earc(l. which present society
BS a.: ^ery step we took.   As
society ItBOJ
twls n
n labors, guides and con-
,  the saiue  "WW. every     perform of activity, whether pro4
11*10"8 ■;:.'.::.. individuals or from lhe
tlml, U
tran>*ac t
U»e I
lot   llli'
classes, ceases as a matter of
Swindle and fraud of every
an , (|,(. adulteration of food, the
1 ctiorut ut the Kxchange, havo
•round tatara from under their
l-hi- hulls of Mammon's tem-
U an' empty, for all consols,
S™L pledges, mortgages, etc., will
Cm become waste paper. Schiller's
lurils "Our Look of debts bo cun-
jLj' the whole world reconciled,"
Ull have been translated into prac-
Ll reality, and the words of the
ii,i,Ii. in the sweat of thy Ih-ow
Jli'tliuu eat broad," will apply to
KTlieroes of "lie exchange as well
S to other mortals.    »ut they win
tot be ov
iMulii-lmed by  their   labor,
nml thi*ir bodily health will be con-
sidtrably improved. The present
State organisation will have vanish-
pi. ton, leaving no void behind.
"The State was the official repre-
-,-nta'ivi- of the whole community; it
as its union in a visible body, but
only inasmuch us it was the State
oi that i |»ss "'■•'( h represented to it
0,5 entire community^ Hy actually
becoming the representative of the
,holi. (oininiKiitv. it becomes superfluous. Wln-n there is no longer an
tlass ni society to be held in subjection, a1* soon us the supremacy of
taste un.l the struirirle for existence,
basiii mi 'he present anarchic form
of production, have ceased, end iiliuur
with them 'he collisions end excesses to whi h the.v yive rise, there will
be nutliini- left to repress worth nnv
fptvinl repressive measures, lhe first
let in whiih the state appears as
iU> actual r.-|iresintut.rve of the entire community, \iz., the appropriation o! the means of production in
ih.- name of society, will lie at the
sum- time its lust act ns State. The
Government of Persona is replaced by
ihi Administration of 'ITiings. the
Manrfu'i-uii-ii'     of     Productive      l'ro-
The representatives   of   the     State
I mil have disappeared along with the
Stjii- itself—Ministers, pa: liainents,
itan-liiiK armies, police and Swsns-
d'aniies. law courts', lawyers, nnd th<*t
public    pr..sei utors,   prisons,     rates.
Itaxen. nml excises—Ihi' entire sjoli-
liial a|iparatus. Barracks und other
iiilitury buildings, prisons palaces
al huticc and administration, will
ihm await a better destination.'
Tins of thousands of laws, onliiuui-
regulatlons,     have  become     so
tweh waste paper,   iwissessinir     only
lltoriral   value   as  curiosities     and
ata^iities.    The  grent  nnd  yet     so
Mt.v, parliamentary   struggles,     in
»hi'h the heroes of the tongue fiut-
lw thansclvoa    that  they rule    anil
►ml   tin-    world b.v  their speeches,
pave disappeared and given place   to
ominlstrative colleges ami sdmlnis-
u-aiiv..    delegations,      whose    func-
>M       it       is to      settle      the
*t   methods    of    production   and
iWributlon,     the    necessary    stores
at     advantageous       innovations.
Pwe    are     nil   practical,   tnngihli'
jahigg, whuh  each  member of  spcio-
* will consider  objectively,   because
is influenced   by  no  strong     peir-
inal motives.
n» many hundred thousnwl form-
r s-'l'i'-svniutives of the State have
*«n up tin- most various occupaV
**» umi help to increase the pro-
"Ktlve wealth of the community,
ether civil nor political crimes or
'ileuses are known any .longer. There
■* n<i more thieves, lK-cau.se in the
* soolBty every one can gratify his
*n> wnh ea*, lileo all his neigh-
m>. by honest work. Neitlier will
«W I,,, nnv more vagabonds and
/"■!'*• Murder? Why? No one
Mi-nml, himself at the cost of an-
'• ferhiry, forgery, cfcccplion,
l.v hunting, fraudulent bankrupt-
there is no room for these
.™"s Kh"'" there is -no private pro-
r'J- incondiartsm? Who will find
«Wiro or satisfaction  in  it.    «!■■■•■•
pros him no reason for hate,
iivaiiist the mint?   Why. mon-
• «■ chimera; the trouble would be
T»n.     Blaspheme?     Lei us leave
■ aim gjity uml banefldiont Qod to
"•»«  thus,,  who   insult  him,     Slip-
iisi-,1      " P^Plo H,iH continue    to
',!""" about the existence of a 0«>d.
IreWt   ""  tll°    f»»n<lntions  of  the
ivtk.     "order"    of things   become
nns    Parents will tell their   chil-
hB.,Bi   ,'t thom-  ns  ,h,'.V now     tell
Iha i..Try    ,a'os of old tin,cs'   and
iiuio ones will shako thoir heads
he tn?   '"' aMo to "nderstiand. And
«JBivt   "f ,,le iwswntion and   ty-
■ i    0 which the men of new ideas
Iboin    P°B8d      ,0<I»-V.  will  sound  to
as th<> burning of witches   and
heretics .sound to us. All the names
oi these "great" men, who now di.-,-
unguish themselves by tho persecution of the new Ideas and are applauded by their narrow-minded contemporaries; for their prowess will
lie forgotten, Will have passed away
Use the wind, or at liest come in the
way of the historian, when he turns
over old books. I will suppress Ihe
remarks that will then rise to his
lips, us, ulas, we do not yet. live in
these fortunate times, in which mankind can breathe freely.
And religion will share the fute of
the state, it. will not be "al>ollish-
ed," Ood will not be dethroned, religion will not. be "torn out. of the
people's hearts," nor will any other
of the phrases I*, put into effect, of
which the atheistic Social-Democrats
are accused. Social-Democracy leaves
all such foolish attemptsAo tna|biourv
geois Ideologists who tried t<, realize
them in the Preach Revolution, and
naturally came to grief. Religion
will disappear by itself, without any
violent attack,
Religion is the transcendental image of the condition of society at
any given period. The religion of
society changes in the same measure
as society changes and as its development progresses. The ruling classes seek to preserve it as a means of
ii| holding th.-ir supremacy. This business becomes an Important otllciul
function, oxen ised by „ paste formed
for the purpose of supporting and enlarging the edifice with nil the sub-
tility at its command, and thereby
assuring iis own power and prestige.
At first Fetishism, al the lowest
stage of civilization under primitive
social conditions, n-iigion becomes
poly theism at the next stage, and
monotheism with the advance of culture. It was not the go.ls that created men. bill men who made go.ls
for themselves, "And he made god
in his o«n image, in the image of
man made be him." and not vice ver-i
su. Even monotheism is already dissolving and evaporating into - Pantheism that embraces and penetrates
all matter. Natural science has mad.*
a myth of cie.iii.iii; astronomy, ma.
th.-unities and physics have converted heaven inlo airy space, und the
stars on heaven's tent, where the angels sui enthroned, into fixed stars
and planets, whose nature cfulte excludes the presence of such beings us
angels, Tho ruling class sees its existence threatened, clings to religion
u-s the support of all authority, a
dogma which all rulers have upheld
no to the present day. The bourgeoisie     believes     mil hing;     it  hus itself
destroyed ull belief in religion uml
authority b.v its own process of development, anil by science, to which
it has given birth. lis belief is a
farce, und the church accepts the
h.-lp of this false friend because it
n.-eils help. "Hut," suys the bourgeoisie, "religion is necessary for
the common peoplo."
For the n.-w community no such
Considerations exist. Iluinun progress, nn.I genuine unadulterated
science iis its motto, and it will act
up  to this motto.
Those who si ill have religious
minis can saiisfy them in the company of follow believers. Society
will not interfere. The priest must
perform his share of s.nial labor and
us this is full of instruction for him
as well as for others, perhaps the
time will come for him too in which
h<- recognizes that tho highest aim in
life is to Im' a human lx-ing.
Morality an.I ethics huve nothing
to do with religion; those who us-
svrt the contrary are either fools or
hypocrites. Morality and ethics are
the expression of concept ions which
regulate the net ions of men and their
relations towards each other; religion regulates the actions of men towards supernatural beings. Hut ideas
of morality are tlie fruit of the social conditions of mankind at a given period, just as religion is the
fruit of those conditions. Ounnilmls
consider it highly moral to eat men.
0rooks and Romans considered slavery moral, tlie feudal lord of the
Middle Vers considered serfdom moral, an.I the modem capitalist considers wage labor the essence of morality, with its demoralisation of women nml children by factory and
night work. Pour phrases of society
nnd four moral conceptions, each
higher than the proceeding one, but
none of them the highest. The highest state of morality is untj|uestion»
ably thai In which men are in a position of freedom and dquality towards each other, in which the first
principle of ethics, "Do unto others
ns ye would that they should (lo
unto vou." becomes through the organization Of society, the inviolable
rule Of human relationships. In the
Middle Ages a nmn was,esteemed for
his genealogical tree; in modern
times he is esteemed for bis money;
in the future he will l>e esteemed for
himself. And 'lie future is the realization of Socialism.
"The glaring sins that are blackening the face of our time," writes
Professor Ross, of Nebraska university Ic the Atlantic Monthly, "are
incidental to the ruthless pursuit of
private ends, und hence c?uite without prejudice. Tho victims are used
or sacrificed not at all from personal
Ill-will, but because they can serve
as jxawns in somebody's little game.
Like the wayfarers run down b.v the
automobilist, they are offered up to
the Ood of Speed. The essence of
the wrongs that infest our articulated society is betrayal rather than
aggression. Having perforce to
build men of willow into a social
fabric that calls for oak, we see on
all hands monstrous treacheries—ad-
hiltcrutors, speculators, ibjoodlers
grafters, violating the trust others
have placed in them'. The little finger of Chicane has come to be thicker thun the loins of Violence. * * *
Mow decent are the pale slayings of
thc quack, the adulterator and the
purveyor of polluted water, compared with the red slayings of the vulgar bandit or assassin!" People, as
Professor Ross remarks, are insensible to the enormity of these modern
sins. They are sentimental and
iuilge wrong-doing not according to
its hnrmfulness, but according to the
infamy that tradition attaches to it.
"I'n.lisceriiing they chastise with,
scorpions the old authentic sins, but
spare the new. They do not see
that boodling is treason, that blackmail is piracy, that embezzlement is
theft, that speculation is gambling,
that tax-dodging is larceny. that
railroad discrimination is treachery
that the factory labor of children is
slavery, that deleterious adulteration,
is murder. It has not come home
to them that the fraudulent promoter 'devours widows' houses,' that the
monopolist 'g. inds the faces of the
poor,' thnt mercenary editors and
spellbinders 'jnit bitter for sweet and
swee't for bitter.' The cloven hoof
hides in patent leather; and today as
in llosen's time, the people 'are destroyed for lack of knowledge.' The
mob lynches the red-handed sluyer,
when it ought to keep a gallows Ha-
man-high for the venal mine inspector, the seller of infected milk, the
mnintainer of u fi e-trap theatre. Tho
child beater is forever blasted in re-
pu tat ion, but the exploiter of infant
toil, or the concocter of a soothing
syrup for the drugging of habit-..-!,
stands a pillar of society. The pettv
shoplifter is more abhorred than the
stealer of a franchise, and the wife-
whipper is outlasted long before the
'nan who sends his over-insured ship
to founder  with  its crew."
The history of nations is the history of the rise and decay of civilizations. It is well to remember
ihat the best art and culture of
many peoples lie buried in an ient
cities—choked and killed b.v materialism and its attendant evils.— Winnipeg Voice.
The printers strike for the eight-
hour day is on in Winnipeg is trood
earnest. The bosses are, of course,
scouring the earth for printers to
take the place of the strikers. A considerable number of t.v|>os have already been brought over from England under false pretenses, TTiis is,
of course, perfectly excusable ns a
mere matter of business, and besides
slaves have no rights that masters
are bound to respect. They only
exist for the convenience of masters
F. H. Shannon, a miner of Frank,
Alberta, has lieen elected to the legislature of thnt provinc ns n labor
candidate. He was ele 1 by a safe
ma'ority over the .ididates of
both old parties, l.y watching his
career in the house we shall be able
to determine whether he is a genuine
labor representative, or a base imitation.
Patronize  Clarion Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75.
Bundlos of 25 or more copies to
one address, for a period of throe
months or more at the rate of one
cent per copy.
Judge Simeon E. Baldwin, of Yale,
takes a profound interest in prisons
and in convicts.
"Outdoor, not indoor labor, is
what our convicts need," said
-.fudge Baldwin recently. "They
should farm such lands as lie now
unused and worthless. Thus their
mental und physical health would
improve, while no harm could be
don.; to any branch of labor.
"Aguin," he continued, "convicts
should be treated kindly, not harshly. They should command a certain respect. Nothing arouses the
evil spirit in us, whether we lie convicts or clergymen, like contempt
and insolence.
"A plumber, the other day, lost a
thousand-dollar steam-henting contract because u piece of insolence enraged him so.
"He wns work'ing in a rich man's
dining-room, when the mistress of
the house bustled in.
"►She watched Ihe plumber sternly
for a moment. Then she rang the
"The butler appeared, bowing.
" '.lames,' she said to the butler,
'remove the silver from the sideboard, and lock it up at once.'
"Red with rage, the plumber
turned to his apprentice.
" 'Tom, get my watch and money
out of my coat there,' he said, 'and
take them home to my wife. There
teem to 'bo suspicious characters
about.' "
 o      .	
An Fidinburg firm is just completing a pai>er-mnking machine for a
Swedish company that will turn out
an extra «puility of newspaper in a
sheet 150 indies wide at the rate of
500 feet |>er minute. The machine,
entire, will weigh 550 tons and cost
over 70,000. It is to function as
capital and is expected to mfueezo a
generous stream of profit from the
Swedish wage-slave.
by bnytng this
reliable, honest-
high grade sew.
ing tnarhinTi
National Sewing Machine Co..
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents
L"w "mt the thousands of work-
Wion of San Francisco, Chicago,
f ^'''ll'liia and New York nnd oth-
rciP ao(,N' havo exorcised their sov-
jmT r'Kht °' e,Cctln8. to another
|| " of "nk'c the political henchmen
JoJ Vam,)fro class th*t sucks their
■     ' th"y may gracefully retire to
IlteH a8mat'° 8w«wnps and disease-
8j*™n« Pur) ions of thb slave niar-
•nalh t!,etUon timo comcs aRain-
mri v ma.V once more sally forth
ltd ex* 1h° f"" tORa °f cili,fonshil''
llj-jB^W ,ho Ir«-man's proud pri-
11 fact "Oormnltting ft nmislatncc."
ov. 7t*|hat    •■     what they did on
While testifying before the investigating committee in the Insurance
caws, Pros!.lent McCnll. of the New
York T,ife stated that his company
hnd expended about $800,000 during
|he last six years in "supervising
legislation" in the United States an<|
Canada. And yet a lot of foolish
working people fancy they can protect their interests while leaving t4io
legislation" entirely in the hands of
legislation!' entirely in the hands of
their masters. So confident aro
they of thia thut they vote this privilege to the exploiters at "each recurring election.
Printing That Is RIGHT
OUR JOB PniHTINO Department has been recently added
to hy ths purchase of a saw
Job Press and ether material. Our
Job Department la sow turning out
ths best lob, commercial and other
classes of printing. If you have anything In the way of Billheads, Letterheads,    Envelopes,    Cards,    Tickets,
The Western Clarion
P.O. BOX 836
Programs, Dodgers, Pamphlets or
Books, or any kind of Printing which
you want executed promptly and
correctly,  sand it here.
Hall orders for Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed to tha letter and sent return
mail. Prices the same aa for work
done In this city. Try us with an
~   Out   {Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
Mattresses,   Upholstery,    Awnings,
and Window Blinds.
Repair Work a Specialty
Carjiets   taken   up,    Cleaned by our
Electric Carpet Cleaning Machine
and relaid by Experienced
Phone. 718.    100 DOUGLAS ST.
From $25.00 up
32 Broad St    Victoria, B.C.
Colonial Bakery
as Johnson St., Victoria. B.C.
Delivered  to any  part of tba city.   Asa
Driver  to  call.     Taone  849.
Victoria General Agent for Tbe
"       HKKAI.l)
»      N«Wt!
•'     TiaUCRAPH
" "     WORLD
Also handles San Francisco Sue-
day Bulletin and Call. Prompt and
regular daily delivery service! to
P. 0. Sax 444 VICTMIA. I. C.
n BsvsrsMal Unit, Vktarli, B. C.
ftlaplnst III VICTORIA, B. C.
and Poultry Food to obtain
best results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
tMsatatiartf ef
Z Ns • Casta St
All Descriptions of Ladies' sad
Gents' Garments Cleaned or Dyed,
and Pressed Equal to New. Dry
Cleaning a Specialty.
ehe Yates St.   ViotoHi*. B.O,
Harris <2fe Moore
Dealer* in
Bicycles, Guns, Ammunition,
And Bicycle Sundries.
42 Broad St. VICTORIA,B.C
Phone B969
Albion Stove Works,
FACTORY, 38, 42 Pembroke Street,    -
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Douglas Street,    -    •
121 Hastings Street,   -
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
iii conventi a s i embled, affirm ou -
allegiance to and support of the pru-
riples and prwg:Sn. of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should <u«tly belong.. To tne
owners of ths means of wealth prc-
dovtion belongs the product of labor.
The present ecvtp mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .stste will be
used to protect snd defend their property rights in the meana of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
Tha capitalist system gives to the
capitaliat an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by ths
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and tha
worker ia rapidly culminating fn •
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—ths capitaliat to hold
the worker to secure it by politics!
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we can upon all worker*
to organise under the banner of the
Socislist Party of Canada with the object of conquering tho pstblk pewsss
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, si
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, an rapMh/
ss possible, tt capitalist property fc
the means af wealth production (natural resources, factories, ssJBs, railways, etc.,) into the luUiiuNPyiopsi*
ty of the working class.
a. Thorough and Sssnocrstk or-
ganization and management of indaav
try by the workers.
3. The establishment, as spssdOi
a* possible, of production for use bv
steed of production for profit
The Socialist Party, whan in ef floe
shall always snd everywhere untB the
present system is abolished, make ths
answer to this question its guHsiig
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of th* workfatg
class and aid ths workers in their class
straggle sgslnst capitalism? If h wfll
the Socislist Psrty is for it; if It wfll
not, the Socislist Psrty b) absolutely
opposed to It
In accordance with this principle the
Socislist Party pledget Itself te eoav
duct all tl e public sf f airs placed In
its hands Is such a manner as to pro*
mote thi. interests of tho working dust
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
f    Local Socislist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between thc capitalist class and the'working
class to be a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Applicant „	
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Local „ 19.
 Chairman         Rec.-See
I (j
' ■ FOUR
^aj* wfr *mr *ww -•**
I  Of the Socialist
Movement Tlirotiglioiit the Dominion 5
Kdlted by R. P. PETTIPIECE. to whom all correspondence for this department should he addressed.
To further voice the aims and aspirations of revolutionary workers,
it is imperative that we should keep
in touch with each other. As music
is to an army in tho field of action,
so must be the exchange of cheering
words from the comrades throughout
Canada, who are working for the'ov-
erthrow ot wage-slavny.
For this reason the writer has undertaken to edit this department in
Tho Clarion.
The contents will be just what the
heading implies, "News and Views.''
Every Socialist—working Socialist
—in Canada* is hereby extended an
invitation to contribute to this department. There's a page at our
disposal,  if necessary.
The writer will undertake to edit
and use as much of the "news and
views" of the comrades as space will
allow. Some attention, too, will be
given the rustlers of Clarion subs.,
thus spurring on to action those who
are somewhat apathetic.
Itight away, there should be brief
items of "news and views" from
Dawson City to Halifax.
As a starter, the following comrades are hereby summoned to respond to this call forthwith: Secretary Dawson City Local, of all
Locals in Canada in fact: Comrades
Hawthornthwaite, Williams, Livingston, Nanaimo: Hannay, Ladysmith;
Burnett, Charlton, Victoria; Curry,
Chilliwack; Mr. E and Mrs M. Hums,
Vancouver Teit, Spence's Bridge;
Mitchell, Revelstoke, Cummins, Ferguson; Bambury, Fhoenix; Mills.
Greenwood; Moore, Fernio; Dales,
Winnipeg; Mortimer, St. Vincent,
Minn.; Wrigley and Thompson, Toronto; O'Brien, Combermere. Cut.;
and about fourteen dozen other
names which have slipped the w iter's memory for the moment.
Questions answered.
Turn on the juice.
Third of a Winter's Series of educational Meetings Proves Successful in Spreading tho Message of
Revolution and Freedom From
The "Co-operative Bakery, ' in
which some of thc well-intention;d
workers of Vancouver pit a (< w of
their hard-earned dollarz, l as gone
by the boards. It was fourd-d within tho premises of caprtnlism, and
the "survival of the slickest" survived.
The old-time hammer-inJ-dtil'. stone
cutters should pay a visit to the
works on the Inlet front where huge
blocks of granite are being sawod
by modern machinery into curbstone for the city. One man can
easily perform the work of a dozen
and also make a large saving in material. Don't ask who owns the
The Building Trades Council of
Vancouver, has just been disbanded
for reasons best known to the tenants of the traders' union movement.
Their position 'became so untenable
and Inconsistent that the members
could stand for it no longer. Hence
their decision to try some other
method. Some of Bob Kelly's flunkies for the Liberal machine will
now be out of a job. .
The Socialists of Vancouver have
opened their propaganda campaign
for the winter. Following a series
of street and hall meetings Inst
month, the City Hall has been utilized for three Sunday evenings, A. M.
Lewis, E. T. K/ingsley, and Lena Morrow Lewis, being the speakers respectively.
On each occasion the hall was
crowded with men and women whose
countenances plainly indicated a desire for more knowledge of Socialism
—a clearer analysis of capitalism-^
and the wage-slaves' position in thc
social  order  of  today.
Mrs. Lewis' subject last Sunday evening, was "Child Labor, Its
Canscfnicnces and Cure."
Though not as Iwioyant or convincing a speaker as her husband, Mrs.
Lewis gave s. word-picture of conditions throughout the most highly developed factory and industrial centres which should instil revolution
into the nerve nnd tissue of every
worker within her hearing.
Pointing out the development of
capitalism, the absolute absence of
sentiment in business, and the ever-
creasing greed for profit—dividends
—the siK-aker told of the utter helplessness of thc babes, their physical,
moral and intellectual degeneracy •„
the colaboration of the church with
the ruling class; and its proboible effect on the generations yet to be.
While the speaker broadly unfolded
the remedy as being in the abolition
of capitalist property and a substitution of collective ownership of the
means of life by the working class,
she might have been more explicit.
Though easy enough to criticize,
the writer would suggest that Mrs.
Lewis localize her subject somewhat,
for we well know how easy it is for
an audience to overlook the child
slavery of their own localities—aye,
in Canada, in good old orthodox
Toronto, and, too, in Vancouver.
Vancouver clergymen are busy-
endeavoring to invent some means
of "reaching" tho workers of this
city. Let them attend our educational meetings in the City Hall,
Sunday evenings.
Some months ago Com. H. Sibble hoofed it from one end of Vancouver Island to the other in the in-
terest of the Clarion, and selling Socialist literature. After adding
nearly 1000 paid-up readers to tho
Clarion list, und disposing of all the
literature In sight on the Canadian
coast, he left for the interior some
days ago upon the same mission. A
letter received, dated Spence's Bridge
Nov. 8th, says: "I send you enclosed 41 subscriptions, and $5.35. On
the 3rd, 1 sent you $10, and on thu
5th inst., 80. Did you receive it?"
Yes, Sir; but it's gone to pay the
printer, one of the noblest works of
God, Brer Lowery would say. Continuing, the writer says, "I start
for Ashcroft tonight. I went up
about 30 miles on the Nicola Road,
and returned this afternoon. Had a
hard trip, having to ford the Nicola
River several times to reach various
camps; result, a severe cold. I want
you to thank the comrades through
here, and also people along the vgl-
ley, for I was treated verv kindly
by all nlike. I was offered horses
at different places to ride, and it
seems to me that a 'herald of Socialism' is a very welcome rruest to
the masses here."
Thus it w".l be observed that Comrade Sibble is accomplishing twofold work—aiding The Clarion, the
best Socialist maker in Canada, and
paving tho way for further organization of the Party upon sound revolutionary lines.
Com. Curry, of Chilliwack, an enthusiastic Worker for the new social
order, was in town for Sunday
night's meeting. He says tho comrades of Chilliwack nre ready for organization, and want a speaker. Thc
mjucst will be granted as soon as
arrangements ran be made by the
Provincial Executive.
property into collectively-owned property by those who do the work.
Two distinct propositions.
The master-class used to own ihe
slaves' body: now they own our
jobs. It's cheaper and better for the
Norway has decided hy a large
majority, through the referendum, to
have a King. An excerpt from 'he
editorial of a local daily. <r;s: "Il
shows the advan e which "'rope has
made in recent years in democratic
sentiment. The mere- fact ihat the
question should tie submitted as a
popular issue reduces tne throne,
once regarded, nnd in some countries
still regnrded, as so sacred, io the
level of a presidency, and ril a presidency, which possesses by no means
the prerogatives which 'hat of lle-
publican America does."
Patronize onr advertisers.
Comrade Burns acted as   chairman
and handled the large crowd well.
Mrs. Lewis seems well fitted for
answering questions, giving cold comfort to the few "economic wing,"
etc., adherents present.
The local programme committee ara
now arranging for City Hall, Sunday night workers' mass meetimrs
for Comrades Hawthornthwaite and
Williams, to address respectively,
particulars of which wtill be announced in due time.
There'll he the liveliest and busiest
bunch of Socialists in Vancouver before next election, to be found in all
Canada. There never was such
growth of the movement as at present.
The whole Pacific Coast is amply
supplied with printers, as a result of
the eight-hour enforcement of the I.
T. U., in the East.
The Clarion's mailing list is now
nearly the 2,000-mark. 2,000 copies
are being printed, over 1750 of which
are mailed to paid-up readers. When
the list is enlarged enough, the stfb.
price can be reduced.
As far as can lie learned without
seeing Provincial Secretary Morgan
it looks as though the annual convention of the Socialist Party—vWe
constitution—would be dispensed with
this winter, owing most likely to the
"prosperity," of S.P. members. At
any rate, there ftoesn't seem to be
any pressing necessity for a convention just now, and the money can
proljably be used to better advantage in propaganda work. However,
of this, and other party rruestions,
the members must decide for themselves. No result of the recent referendum has come to light as yet.
Because the Socialist points out
the limitations of trades unionism,
or more properly speaking traders' un
ions is no reason why one should be
termed "against" unionism. Quite
the contrary. The collective labor-
power sellers are surely ere this time
beginning to see and realize the very
weakness of thoir position that Socialists havo lieen pointing out. 'lhe
trades union is based upon the wnge-
sysUmi, and seeks to make the yoke
of slavery less galling. Tho Socialists intend to abolish tho wage-system    by converting collectlvely-uscd
Socialist Party ot Canada
J. O. MORGAN, Secretary. Vancouver, B. 0.
In a strictly economic sense, labor
is a commodity, and is bought and
sold in the market as such. The price*
of commodities, the wise men have
long assured us, is regulated by the
law of supply and demand. Under
normal conditions, when the supply
of a commodity is decreased the demand Increases. No one questions
the right of manufacturers to adjust
production to the probable demand
Why should the seller of the commodity of labor be curtailed in his freedom when he seeks to regulate the
supply of his commodity which he
deems best to put upon the market?
The above is from a speech delivered by Frank K. Foster, at New
Haven, Conn., recently on the subject, "The Whyv and Wherefore of the
eight-hour. Demand of the Union
Printer." Thc adjusting of production to the probable demand, and the
shortening of the work day, by, say,
reducing the hours from nine to eight<
are two entirely different things. The
latter is equivalent to the manufacturer shortening the yardstick with
which he measures the cloth he sells.
It has nothing to do with the curtailing of production. The commodity labor-power is measured by tne
clock instead of thc yardstick, hence
the cutting-down of the time constituting a day's work, is only equivalent to a shortening of the measure
by which it is sold. It stands to reason that were lhe manufacturer to
shorten ' the yardstick, he could not
expect to obtain as large a price per
yard for his cloth, because the new
yard would contain a smaller quantity of cloth than thc old one. This
is the situation that confronts the
worker in regard to shortening thc
measure of his day's labor by cutting down the hours. Onlv under
peculiarly fortunate circumstances
can he maintain the former price,
because he now delivers a smaller
qjuantum of labor-power than formerly. This new arrangement would
not, however, lessen the production
of labor-power, hence the amount of
it available for the market. There
would be just as many workers as
formerly and their necessity to sell
just  as  pressing.
It is rapidly coming to the point
where a day's labor-power means all
of the energy that can be developed
by a workingman in each 24 hours,
and the congested condition of thc
labor-market is already such that
he can pretty well tie compelled to
surrender    it in   full for   his    day's
Foster has a few more guesses
coming to him. However, it Is very
pneomraging to sec those trade unionists gradually falling into the
habit of considering labor-power as
a commodity. Once they get that
firmly fixed in their minds they will
be able to stand on their feet, economically speaking, instead of upon
their heads as in the past.
Patronize our advertisers.
Vancouver, B.C., Nov. Vi, IK'S.—
Piesent—Comrades StebUlnia, ihair-
liinn; Peters. Leah, Hintsa, Wilkinson, Organizer Kingsley ..-id the secretary.
The minutes of thc ,irev!oua meeting were rend and adopted.
The following correspond me vas
dealt  with:
From Kerr & Co., en-i^ing share
certificate.      Received.
From Victoria Local ei*i.l*i*>i.ij- a
draft demand for circulation calling
for a weekly pay-day. '-aid jv-rto
next meeting so that *.'om- Hawthornthwaite may lie consulted.
From Com. W. J. Curry, Ohillr-
wack, B.C., concerning the formation
of n local in that city. Received
nnd complied  with.
From Vancouver Local concerning
the annual convention.    Received and
A warrant was ordered drawn for
$15 for stamps to the Dominion Executive Committee.
 ——o —
The regular business meeting of the
above Ixx*al was held at the headquarters on Monday evening. Nov.
13th., Comrade Stebbings in the
The minutes of the previous meeting being adopted, the following warrants of  payment   were authorized:
Rent of City Hall   $11.00
Remuneration to Mrs. Lewis..    12.00
NwiH Strut, Cedar Cove
Mounting Urge Came Heidi ,
Great Britain keeps over 800,000
men constantly at work .getting coal
from the earth to maintain machinery in motion. They extra t close
to 250,000,000 tons a year, or 280
tons to a man. This coal is worth
$500,000,000. It is the Teatest
output of coal for nny nation on
earth excepting our own. hese miners earn nearly $400 a year each.
Thus this industry keeps in circulation money amounting to $420,000,-
000 per year. For urpss.-s of comparison it may be said .'> -t ihe annual wages of miners range as follows: Austria and Belgium $200;
France $250; Germany 1,300; England nearly $400; United States
$450. The operatives in British cot-*
ton mills number,about 500,000 persons of nearly all ages and of both
sexes. Before the great civil -.-ar,
tho Southern States of Amorlca produced about 4,500,000 bales of cotton a year, lhe crop now, is closo
to 12,000,000 bales. Of this, 7,-
000,000 bales come to Europe and
the United Kingdom takes about one
third of it. Great Britain paid us
In one year nearly $150,000,000 for
raw cotton. The price of cotton was
so high in 1904 and there was so
much competition for it that this
great army of toilers were forced to
go on short time, and groat sufferings were experienced during tho
Total    S23.00
A letter from Comrade    Sibble   to
the secretary enclosing application of
a new member, was read and the application admitted to the usual
Reports wns received from the ',r-
ganizer, and also the Program I'un-
mittee, who have secured the services
of Comrade Stebbings, as speaker of
the evening at Sullivan Hall, ' ordo-
va Street, on next Sunday eveutso,
Nov. l»th.
Under order of new business, it was
decided to cal' a special neetlr- of
the members to convene immediately
on the adjournment of tho tegular
business meeting on Monday evening
Nov. 27th to consider the advisibi-
lity of interesting ourselvc>s in the
forthcoming  municipal elections.
The secretary was instructed to
write Dr. Titus with a view to having him siieak for us at a future
date, the City Hall to be engaged if
j reply be favorable.
i The secretary was also ordered to
head n subscription list for the purpose of founding a Socialist Circulating Library.
'lho Monthly Financial Report
showed $205 received, and $192.62
disbursed during the month of October, which, considering a deficit
on Sept. 30th of $8.02, leaves a balance of $5.70 on hand, with bills to
(he amount of some thirty odd dol-
lars outstanding.
The  Financial   report far  the  week
ending   Nov.     10th,   showed   receipts
from collection at City Hall. $36.60.
Literature sales for week  and
profits on   sales   by   Mrs.
Lewis        7.45
Dues   50
Total  ,   $34.55
After formally receiving the Financial   reports,   the  meeting  adjourned.
Taxidermist and Furdreas,-.
US Passer St. Opp P,M|., ft J
• >t ♦♦♦>m»n4J
Second Hand Dealer
♦   r.1*^1 »nrt,eh«»l*»t stock of
, ,   Cook Stoves In the City.
I >     Boom  Chains.    Augers   Lou
j ; gore' Jacka, Etc. •
We have moved Into our new
and  commodious premises -
138 Cordova St., East
'**•■• 1171       Vancouver, 8. (.
WANTED: by Chicago whole«lJ
house, special ropresentatiiVB [0-l
each province in Canada. Salary!
$20,00 and expenses paid weekly?
Expense money advanced. Buii-|
ness successful; position permanent!
No investment required, Prevtoisi
experience not essential to eu-aM
ing.     Address b "
General Manager, 1H2 l^k,. St.
Chicago, 111., I'.s.A.I
The rich have their troubles, never
so many as now. The law somehow
seems, to be seeking them out, just
to make them uncomfortable. W.W.
Brown, of Crook County, who jump-
.d into prominen e during the recent
Williamson trial, as the advocate ol
the down-trodden rich, said something more than thc truth when he
declared: "The government is going
after the rich and letting the poor
go. It ought to get after thc poor
and let the rich go." That fearless
speech brought forth many a sympathetic throb, in more than one
Portland breast. The rich have lxsen
getting the worst of it. They are
to be held accountable to vulgar
laws just like the every-day plebian.
Now the state has got at it. It is
going to look into the tax business.
It doesn't exnetly propose to in-
<l>iire "Where did you get it?" but
"How much have you. and where is
it?" If the rich don't answer truthfully, the.v are to be prosecuted like
ordinary perjurers. Gracious!—Portland Oregonian.
Patience must have her perfect
work in the employer of the Filipino
who is satisfied with earnings ofrily
sufficient for his immediate needs and
therefore after pay day does not care
to work until his money is expended.
The best results are had when the
employer exercises a paternal supervision not only over nil his working
hours but also over his entire time,
by attention to housing, feeding,
sanitation and amusement, with a
view to securing increased efficiency,
cheerfulness, and disposition to work.,
Small concessions mode to those
who complete the fuM number of
workfng days per week secure fewer
needless absences from work. Many
municipal improvements are now in
progress in Manila, and others
throughout the islands are contemplated by the insular government.—
"Paternal Supervision" is good,
although we are supposed to be
"agin" paternalism. At any rate,
whatever menus are necessary to
lift the Filipino from his savage state!
of working only sufficient to supply
himself with needful things, up to
our own civilised plane of working
all the. time just for the tun of it,
should meet with the approval,of every admirer of the white man's ctv
ili/.ntion. Make the rascally Filipinos work. Its the only way to civilize 'em.
A Montreal subscriber writes to
l»oint out that he does not find anything in The Voice in reference to
the Industrial Workers of the World,
and enquires whether or not they are
doing anything in Winnipeg.
The Industrial Workers of the
World is the name of the organization that was given birth at the industrial convention held in Chicago
at the end of .June last. At the
time wo gave the fairest reportB of
the convention that we could gather
from all sources. It became evident
that it was in thc main a DeLeon
mo.eiiieiii, and we are inclined to
agree with both thc simon-pure trade
unionists and many Socialists that
the DeLeon S. L. P. combination has
been of no use nor has it had (rood
intentions. Thu Industrial Workers
of the World unfortunately appears
to have inherited some of thc old
characteristics and its "world" is
apt to be un exceedingly circumscribed one. There are no Industrial Workers of the World in Winnipeg
so far as we know, certainly there
has been no attempt at organization.
There is a branch, we understand at
Vancouver, nml we find that some
of the exceedingly strong brand of
class conscious and ho forth Socialists cannot bide their new competitors.—Winnipeg Voice.
The Voice is in error in regard to
there being a branch of this rip-roaring farce in Vancouver, although it
was at one time rumored that the
revolutionary ]ieanut roasters contemplated organizing one. The
workers of this end of thc Dominion
have no doubt performed many ridiculous stunts in the past, but there
are few among them at this stage of
the game sufficiently feeble-minded to
bo liable to nn attack of that particular type of "economic" St. Vitus
ACCOUNTING. $50 to $100 per
month salary assured our graduates under bond. You don't pay us
until you have a position. Largest
system of telegraph schools in America. Endorsed by all railway officials. OPERATORS ALWAYS
IN DEMAND. Ladies also admlt-
ted. Writ* for catalogue. Morse
school of Telegraphy. Cincinnatti,
O.: Huffalo, N. Y.; Atlanta, Oa.;
Ie, Crosse, Wis.; Ti-xarkana, Tex.;
San Francisco, Cal.
This issue is No. .'1-17. If this mi
the number upon your address slip.j
your subsription expires with thisI
number. If further copies are desir-l
ed, renewal should lie made at oral
If care is taken to renew before tiki
expiration of the old subscriptions itl
will greatly simplify matters in th sl
office as well as avoid any tiri-ak io|
receipt of papers.
Hox 886,
Van ouver r). C.
Negligee Shirt$|
Net Tm Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now hert-l
some of the choice ones will I* toUl
early, and sumo of the UmlfM nl
cannot duplicate. If you apinwit.ll
unusual styles It will int««i i**xt\
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tit Isurtett Salt Hat il the Stun
These Hats have been enthusiasU-l
cally received by young men froni
the very first day we brought than
out. Neither trouble nor e*p*e»l
has been saved in the production*!
these goods, as you will cheerfullj|
acknowledge   u|>on  cxaininstioa.
IN Carina Strict
Cash Grocery Storel
We also carry a full line ol Furd-I
ture. on easy payments, at pn"I
that cannot be duplicated, Kin«j|
inspect our stock.
Car Weatainattr Ava and Harrla Straat |
W adieu the toy* °0Sffi?
■BsjpStMandothers whoreal!"■«" * ^
iiy ol havioK thd' P»tent ■*£?*" ""u,-ti
Moderate.  0»r (SWtBtarVivSilJftKS
Uuulrelt ! uud 'Wll.illill.'t'"'. IU-1 lD'A'
Rev. W. E. Pescott, of Wesley
Church, Vancouver, turned himself
loose, on Sunday evening. Nov. 12th,
on the "Primary Question," that
beinff the subject of his discourse. According to the Province,
he prefaced his remarks "by stating
the difference l-etwecn Christianity
and Socialism—thc latter planned a
new organization of affairs, a revolution in thc system of economics,
while Christianity sought to bring
about the necessary amelioration of
mankind b.v making new men and
new women."
As Christianity has been trying to
effect "amelioration of mankind" for
the pnst 1900 years and does not
seem to have completed the Job yet,
it ap«>ears to us that It has cither
been playing upon the wrong strinr».
or it must have had n mighty tough
lob to begin with. Should Socialism arrive at such a rank failure after the lapse of such a period of effort, the observer might bo justified
In declaring it no good.
More than 700 delegates registered
credentials for the 2.r»th annual convention of Sam Oontj-ers that opened in Pittsburg; Penn., on Monday
last. This will afTord a largo and
appreciative audience to Iwltness Sam
re-elect himself to the prcsMonry for
another term.
7? Cordova St.,   next to   Hirvi.v'o
There is no homo too small to use Electric Light
ling should use it—everybody  should use It. .. . i,,M
The children—bless thoml—they cannot upset  the Electric   t^
nnd burn  the house down.   They can do no harm whstovoi
Electric  Light. tf0
It can lie lighted or extinguished by a touch of the bulFl||,,
lamps to clean, no smell of   Coal Oil,  no disfigurement  oi
When ft small amount of light  is needed,  0 or  l» ""'   , ]j,,ht<
or lamps may be Installed,  thus reducing the total expem." '
ing by this method.
o l'-kc
by this method. ,
Call and nee us In refenmeo to installing Electric I.ight'
the place of your Coal Oil Lamps. ^


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