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The Western Clarion Dec 16, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday,   December 16,1905.
ito i a P&
8nbacrlpjion Pr
ii   Vv 1 r in
Pallllpi Thompson, •< Tomto, Mats Out The True Inwardness it Snch
Basiaess Schemes.
I TORONTO, Dec- 0.-"Thc law    of
1      „tlon    mhert"   throughout,"
ipenaatlon   i       ]f a  ^  loses
L'TTv   Wing a Socialist, there
t*t     .....liiiu    Ki'in--  which     we
have any money beyond thnt
tho    bread und L utter
1 who
■autred   for
immune ugvust   the
W*mn, ?.;:. wily joint-stock eta*
l"«"l)ts<,(.  .     oL iuBuran.c fiends
,v brofflousr*. i
,,ient» for frauds
and takes
C'tVueriptlon. Set as traps
%," of the guileless small mves-
curved by
I Capitalism
u  realizing  sense    of
and  unscrupulousness
in all its ways    and
onto''   tho     gam.
1,1,    Wa are
"       that the cards are stack-
due are  loaded  ugtinst
id know
.little capitalist every time.
An illustration of what tho work-
t peoplo    of    Toronto and many
,'htr places might have saved by bte-
Soclalists has just been alTorded
lhe   grund    smash  of  the York
IU and Savings  Co.   which     had
headquarters hero—for it Is smash
i0Ugh   the    viitims    are being let
Ion easy by tailing it  a    merger.
It is in process of absorption by an-
ither   concern    of the same   kidney
iown as the  Hominion  Permanent,
huh has the udvuntago of not   bc-
i Insolvent so far as known    and
-le tu keep go ng.    lt Is about the
nd of u merger that sometimes oc-
:ur after a    shipwreck  between  two
desperate cast-aways,    when
stronger "merges" the weaker as
mere ami so manages  lo keep l.fe
him a little longer.     The     York
an was a palpable fraud fiom thc
t with luvish promises of big to"
it on shares,  and oily,   smooth-
ue rascals persuading poor,   ig-
rant latprers and servant girls to
■tribute  their  driblets  of  a ojunr-
or ten eents a week to the   fund
juiered by Manager l'hillips in a
its of the most njnsurd and visioai-
schemes    which every practical
knew    must    result in financial
iter.   He bought   land—hundreds
acres— in the Western Section     of
runto and then set a whole   army
men altering the face of thc land-
air, catting down  hills,   filling up
alli's, laying streets, etc, and then
Idenly    the    whole plan of operant would tie changed and tho glaiag
oulil be set to undoing the    work
if the previous week.     And all  this
iroe he was extending  the  field     of
is swindling  operations  and  bloed-
the    small   investor  in  distant
winces.   Then, too, hc had a piano
ictory, a life insurance company,  a
fer development project, two mng-'
mes,   ami     probably    some other
ings which I don't remember,    all
inning under the most reckless, stu-*
'id mismanagement on the   savings
f the easy, small investor, nnd now
Iter years of exploitation the game
11 played out—all of course, because
1 'he short sightedncRs and want of
onfirtence so characteristic of     that
inn of people,   who were suddenly
Had with a simultaneous idea that
V would like to draw out instead
"continuing th put up as they ought
oliave done if the concern was tub-e.
'R going,
■■>o nine-days' wonder is about
;*« now but there are others.
theer up-the worst is yet to
l°DM." ns somebody said. There ore
*•">' of other schemers at work
flag to develop the needed   ojial-
of "thrift" and "self-help"
™nR the working classes. The next
is likely to tie Cobalt Mining
<""Pan.es.    The (Cobalt silver mines
R genuine  proposition  for     the
*,..-.• Wlth    a    I'lck  aTld  shovel—no
"WM about  that.        Thc silver    is
"^ all right and  there arc plenty
npn HniniK waiting to lie develon-
ed. All that is needed is to convince the small investor that the
fellows who have thc title aU(.as to
these rich deposits are so generous
and philanthropic and public spirited that they don't .want to keen
all their good luck to themselves.
ihey prefer in fact, ,t0 let the public have a share for u merelv nominal consideration-suy a dollar 0n two
—placing it within tho reach of the
poorest, really giving jt awav m
fact. And the small investor will
believe it ull in spite of his experience with real estate deals, jjoia
companies, petroleum companies, Cuba companies, und ull the rest. A
grandiloquent prospectus -und a slick
canvasser catch him every time and
the promoter und the newspapers
will have the money while the,investor will have a new variety of "experience"   to add to his collection.
Funny, isn't it, that so mnny of
thesu easy marks for the fakirs.who
have fooled away hundreds of dollars with nothing to show for them
but a bundle of worthless shares and
annual statements will decide Socialists ns "unpractical" and "visionary." Socialists at all events are
not unpractical or visionary enough
to imagine that they are going to
get something for nothing, or lo believe in the magnanimity of people
who pretend to be dividing up a fortune that they could just as easily
keep for themselves. Yes, it pays to,
lie a Socialist when the joint-stock
company boomer and his like are
on the wnr path.
The merry war between the plumbers nnd  plumbers'     supply  firms   on
thc one side and the other classes of
capitalists     who     think      that    the
plunaVing    interest    gets    too big   a
share of the amount robbed from labor, goes on in the courts.    The result is not of any particular interest.
from  other  than  a purely  spectacular  point of view,  as  it can't   affect
labor one iota, but it is pretty safe
betting that  nobody  will go to jail
and   that   the  law   ngninst  combines
will U* found just ns ineffective as it
was intended  to be by  the body     of
capitalists  and parasites  that passed it.     As for the fussy activity   of
the legal  authorities who ure anpar-
ently  spurred    on b.v a  wild    desire
to emulate  the middle class reformers of     the     Inited  States,  it may
gain them some temporary notoriety
but  that  will  lie all.     Suppose   the
plumbers  were nil  sent  to  the pene-
tetitiary,  the natural irresistible tendency to combination would    go   on
just the same.     It would simply hasten   the   development   of   thc  system
from its present crude nnd tentative
form   to  a  more  powerful   organisation controlling the  business in   its
every  <lctail   and   proof   against  law
by reason   of    its financial backing.
What  is  coming sooner  or  Inter   in
plumbing  and  other  building  trades
as well as in the other lines of    industry    still    controlled  largely   by
•5TIH1-11 employers, is just what hns already come in connection with    the
gren't lines of manufacture and trade
ami to a large ectent  in retail business ns well.    The quantity of capital  looking for investment will soon
induce the big moneyed men for lack
of    other   opportunities,    to exploit
fairly lucrative field.   The small-,
will go the way of the
As for the plumbers corn-
merely one of tho   futile
and desperate struggles  of  the middle  Class  for  self-preservation.     Yet
vou hour not only the middle    class
public,     but some fools  of working-
men who ought to know better ours-
in- the plumbers ns unhanged    rascals    for doing    just  precisely what
the.v    themselves  are  doing through
the trades unions nnd   with Just   as
little    rhnnoe    of saving  themselves
from the Inevitable result.
jured forth, the capitalists of the
world stand powerless to deai with
What is meant by the capitalist
system of production? Under it the
resources of the earth function as
capital, i.e., a means of making a
profit out of the labor of those who
produce wealth. This profit is something gotten for nothing by those
who secure it. While representing
thc gain of such it must of necessity
represent a corresponding loss upon
tho part of those who produce it.
The capitalist Rystem of production implies that ownership of thc
menus of industry be vested in a
small number of persons while the
great mass are without such property. This given to the owners, the
lever whereby they command the services of the non-owners nnd compel
them to produce wealth in return foi*
a bare existence. This system thus
divides human society into the two
economic classes, capitalists and laborers, exploiters and exploited, masters and slaves.
Tho benefits arising from the implements of labor, whether such be
the crude hand-tools of the olden
times or the powerful mechanical contrivance of to-day can
only accrue to the owners.
This is the essence and test
of ownership. lie who is without it is at the mercy of he who possess it. In the capitalist class of
today is vested the ownership and
control of all tho means of production. To that class, therefore, accrues all of the benefits arising from
the machinery and method in use.
The workers bring non-owners are
not in a position to realize any of
the benefits. They are compelled to
produce wealth for capitalists, and
not for themselves. That is why
capitalists prosper, while the workers sink ever deeper in the slough of
poverty and misery. Thnt is why
such a vast horde of Englii-h workers arc unemployed and forced to the
starvation line. And thnt is why
similar conditions either already
prevail or arc rapidly approaching
in this and all other countries.
The solution of the .liffic ilt.y h.npea
up the question of ownership. The
workers of England or any other
country cannot escape ".he i>ils-irics
that are heaped upon thorn unless
the present, ownership of the means
of production bc first -ird'-wh. Temporary betterments may ■•:rur from
time to time, but as n tren'ral proposition the conditions' of labor
must continue to sink ro I >ng ns the
present system of property remains
The present system of p*odic:ion
is a collective.     Millions of workers
performing his allotted task, do< by
making an article, but by assisting
his fellows in the making of all
things. The sum total < f their efforts is exemplified in the sum total
of wealth produced. The appropriation of wealth is also collective.
The only difference is that collective production is carried on by the
collectivity of workers, while collective'appropriation ia confined to the
collectivity of eospitallsts. .Capitalists,
take no part in collective .production
and workers take no part in collective appropriation. The function of
the latter is to make wealth. The
function of the former is to appropriate  it.
If the workers are ever to appropriate the wenlth they produce, they
must act together politically for the
purpose of striking down the present system of ownership ln the means
of wealth production, and substituting that form of ownership that I
will conform to the manner in which'
they labor. As they work together
so must the.v own together in order
that they may become collectively
masters of the wealth thoy produce.
Until they so move politically and
com pier thc reins of power and set
themselves free from capitalist exploitation, they must continue to
sink to worse conditions. The times
demand the most vigorous action on
the part of all workers. The hour
for human liberty in its fullest sense
is rapidly approaching.
Calls Forth Senseless and Virulent Attack Frost Pany Pea-Pushers aad Patty
Calamity Hewlers.
The courageous woman who fired
three shots into the Russian butcher
General Sakharoff, killing him instantly, appears to have either wasted two shots or deprived some other
rascal of his just deserts. She may
be excused, however, for being sd
over-zealous in the performance ol
her duty, for the probabilities are
strong that Sakharoff will remain
toil together   in   the   process,
There has just been completed for
U. S. Senator Clark, a magnificent
private car, said to be the finest ever
built. This causes the "Montana
News" to remark that "while the
Senator rolls over thc Country in a
gorgpousness that eastern potentats<i
never knew, the miserable slaves
that have dug and smelted and form-,
od the copper that is the source of
all this splendor, are hunting yokes,
begging lor a master, shivering,
freezing, worrying," This would appear at first glance to be rather unpleasant experience for the slaves^
but as the most of them still hug
their chains, presumably they enjoy
it. Such being the case we have no
kick coming, nor sympathy to waste
upon them.
August Bebel, The Noted German Socialist, Predicts The Coming of a Higher
this      ^^^
er industries
big ones,
bine,   it  is
Social  life  will  in  the  future
come more and more public; the tendency  in this direction has   already
made itself apparent, and most clearly in the totally altered position of
women in comparison    with   earlier
times.   Household life will bo reduced  to the narrowest possible limits,
and the widest field will be   opened
for    the    gratification of social   in-,
stincts,   Ijargo places of meeting for I of absolute ruhbish
lectures,  debates,  and  the discussion '"' "
of nil social concerns, which will
then be decided by the sovereign
voice of the entire community, halls
for games, eating and reading rooms
libraries, concert halls and theatres,
museums, playgrounds, gymnasia
parks    and    public
which is only made possible by perverted tastes, putronagV, or the vanity of the author who prints .hem
at his own expense, will vanish from
tho scene. Judging from present
conditions, one may affirm without
exaggeration that at least four-
fifths of all the literary wares in the
market might disappear without the
slightest loss to civilization or culture, so great is the amount of superficial and pernicious productions or
* Tis Workers Matt Oo la' Order to Tara II To Their Owa Admtaoe And
Free Themselves Irom Exploitation
itkh'8 Maertod <hat a mulo   frame
"a man and two boys now spins
P.m'lch cotton yarn as  1100 women
onting by hand could do befc re thc
tZer s.stom began. A s'miloJ' incur   .   in Proauctivo power has oc-
'"■■Hl in all 0thcr lines of produc-
l on. making it a matter of cxpend-
11^ m.,,Rh 'MS labor to produce the
Pirle f °' thlnfi.8 necessary to pro-
L or the sustenance of a person
C tho old days of hand pro-
f-wuon. This increase of productive
»W -. hfts reached tho point
sZL ° wor|d's market can be kept
r?™ w'th merchandise without ut-
'U'»S anything like all of tho    hu-
« labor force available.
the n   ,mmonso benefit arises    from
fnon     Sent machlnory of production
avail f*?in deny'       Tho wealth made
«'aMe for human use -^jng grcat-
mcrcased    over the days of hand
ly true is it, that nt. the present time
there are countless thousands of
Workers whose services ure not at, all
required in production, whllo those
who are fortunate enough to hold
employment find themselves compelled to taccept wages that are already
perilously near trie lifo lirte and inani-,
(est a continual tendency to sink eft'en
ll?01" H would
of      ", """'" seem that the degree
Whoi ™.?rt nn.d well-being of   those
Ibe ..?°rt.orm thc world's work should
M not
But for some reason this
iRroat " ^P8-"" to be tho case. The
ProdnL ccomefl tho Power of wealth
ihe im i throuiTh the perfecting of
try '"jWements and method of lndus-
coiupb ,.moro poverty-stricken be*
™ tho workers.     So emphatical-
bclow it. Tho vast army
men, idle not from choice, but
cause there is no place for thorn In
industry, is a standing menace to
tho man who has a job. Its very
presence renders his tenure of employment so insecure that it serves
as a club to bent him into servile
submission to tho exactions of his
employer. To assert his manhood
by resenting indignity heaped upon
him would bo to lose his employment, thc only thing standing between him and starvation by being
forced to join tho throng of misor-
ables who havo already been thrown
upon the streets. T'he Knglish government today stands paralyzed in
the presence of this problem of the
unemployed, whoso numbers in the
nenr future promise to become overwhelming. In tho presence of the
forces and phenomena that the capitalist system of production has con-
  works,     baths,
schools and universities, laboratories, hospitals for the sick and invalided, and nil these institutions ar-
rangled and fitted out with the freat->
est possible perfection, will perform
tho objects for which the.v are m-
tcndid, and offer attundant opportunity for every kind of recreation,
as well as for art and .science.
llow small our own much lauded
e|>och will look beside such an era;
this cringeing for favor and smiles
from above, this fawning attitude;
this envious struggle for the Ibest
place with the lowest weapons of
malice; this suppression of tho real
convictions, the concealment of good
totalities that might offend, this hypocritical display of untrue feelings
and opinions. All that elevates or
ennofltjles a man or women, real, self-1
reliance, independence, incorruptibility of thought, and conviction, a free
confession of opinion, is rdgarded under present circumstances as so
many failings und weaknesses. They
are characteristics that inevitably
ruin their owner, unless ho suppress
them. The explanation why so
many do not feel their dcfsradattion
is that the.v are accustomed to be
degraded. Tho dog sees nothing re-
tnarknlble in having a master who
lets him tasteitho whip when out of
Along with all these gigantic
changes in socinl life, our entlro llt^
erary production will as a matter
of course assume a totally different
aspect. Theological      lltenature,
which at present forms the largest
contingent in the yearly list of literary novelties, will disappear altogether;, the same thing will apply to
legal works nnd to thc literature
dealing with all former State and
Social institutions, except inasmuch
as they are valuable for historical
research. The mass of shallow liter-
. ary productions,  the pirhJication   of
Tho'press will be overtaken by the
same fate as light literature. It is
impossible to conceive of anything
more dreary, more devoid of intellect or shallower than our modern
newspaper literature. If the contents of our ordinary papers were to
Ire made the criterion of the condition of civil'iaabion ajiid sclentSficprb-
gress, the latter would seem to be
al a low ebb indeed. The actions
of persons and the conditions of
things are judged from a standpoint
belonging to past centuries, which
science hns long since proved to be
ridiculous and untenable. This is
not remarkable. A considerable
number of our newspaper literati,
aro people who have "missed their
calling," but whose education and
claims on remuneration suits the
bourgeois interest from a business
point of view. At thc same time it
is thc function of the daily papers,
and of the majority of bellctristic
periodicals to favor thc lowest speculation and fructify bourgeois morality in their advertisement sheets ;
their money and exchange articles
aro enlisted in thc same service en
another field.
Bclletristic literature is on the
whole no bettor than newspaper literature; its object is mainly the
treatment of sexual subjects with all
their excesses; it represents sometimes shallow enlightenment, sometimes the most imbecile prejudices
und superstitions. The raison .I'etr-a
of the whole thing is to make thc
bourgeois world appear as tho test
of all worlds, In spite of small failings, whose existence must Ikj conceded.
On this large and Important field
the future will undertake verv radical reforms. The ground will then
be occupied only by science, truth,
art. the conflict of opinions of those
who seek the beat, and everyone who
is capable of taking part in the contest, will have the onportirnity of doing so. The author will no longer
be a slave to the favor of tho bookseller, to the prospects of nroflt, or
to prejudice, but will depend .,n impartial nnd riUnlKled judges, whom
he himself helps to appoint.
Giant Capital in its corporate
form is subject to most bitter criticism and violent attack from all
quarters. Hordes of Quixotic pen-
pushers launch their puny diatribes
ngninst its invulnerable hide, and
paltry publications endeavor b.v silly cartoons to inflame the public
mind ngninst, its triumphant con-
ijucst of the domain of wealth production and control. These attacks
and criti isms ure inspired by thoBe
factors in human society that are
essentially reactionary Inasmuch as
their immediate interests demand
that no change should take place
in the institution of property away
from thc particular form of it under
which such interests are conserved.
No human progress can be recorded
unless thc institution of property
can be changed, altered and expanded to conform to the ever-expanding
power of wealth production, that is
determined by the improving and perfecting of the implements of industry
and the consequent changes in method
of operation that necessarily follow.
The form of ownership strictly in
harmony with the primitive hand-
tools of production was that of private of individual ownership. Such
ownership vested in the user of these
tools established his independence as
a producer of wealth. Doing master
of the product of his labor free piny
was given to his faculties and powers in the way of providing himself
with the largest measure of wealth
possible under the methods of his
When the hand-tool grew into a
machine and individual production
grew into a production carried on b.v
men working collectively, each performing but a part of thc labor necessary to produce an article, a new
form of property began to assert itself as necessary to the free workirssr
ot thc expanding power of production. This new fprm of property expressed itself in the firm, nnd as the
machine of production still further
expanded, becoming more complicated and powerful, and the range of
its field of operation became wider,
the firm gave way to the corporation. The advent of the corporation marks tho time when individual
capital no longer sufficed to give
free piny to the powers of Tiroduc-
tion as oml>odied in.the gigantic factory with its powerful and costly
machineries, and its army of workmen. The necessities of the case
compelled the massing of numerous
individual or firm capitals into one
holding, thus changing the form of
property to fit the new conditions
arising from the expanding and enlarging powers of production. Just
as individual production has been
forced to give way to, and become
lost in collective production or production en masse, so has private or
individual capital l-een forced to give
way to and become lost in massed
capital. Thc latter has been forced
by the former.
For centuries the handi-craftsman
fought the advent of the machine,
and traces of his antipathy against
it arc still to lie found among the
workmen of today. Such uction
was, however, in the last analysis,
reactionary nnd against tho highest
and best interests of the human race
because its tendency was to postpone the dny when the burden of toll
might be lifted from human *houl-
ers, and the great human family be
able to supply itself with all of the
material comforts of existence with
such ease as to convert that which
had long been burdensome labor, into a pleasure and a pastime. Such
action was, however, logical as the
workmen    of course viewing matters
from    their own narrow and   immediate standpoint could see in the ma-li working class is destined to do
chine nothing but a danger to their' forcing every  Socialist knows.
[employment    and    consequently     to
their existence.
Just as the advent of the machine
was fought b.v the independent handicraftsmen of olden time, so hus
the advent of massed capital been
fought by the individual or small
capitalist, and for the same reason.
Just as the machine eventually won
out against the most stublnorn opposition, so is massed capital wining out. In its highly developed
corporate form it sttijids today prtoC'i
tically triumphant, Its position is
unassailable for the reason that it
is the particular form of property
demanded by the machinery of production in order to give free play to
ita powers.
While this form of property now
stands triumphant the time is fast
approaching when it will no lonj-er
suffice. Even now thc machinery of
production is demanding that unother step forward be taken, by inaugurating a still more advanced
form of property to meet the demands of the hour. Even now, the
power of production is being hampered in its expression by the too
narrow limits of corporate property.
These powers cannot be utilized to
their limit unless such a change is
brought about in the property in-
stitution as will admit of the disposition of the .wealth brought forth
by their exercise. ,.
Much confusiion arises from the prevalent habit of denominating corporate capital as private capital. It
is not private capital, but a form
of capital into which has been merged numerous private capitals. Theso
have lost their individuality. It has
been lost in the massed capital of'
the corporation. By the process
briefly outlined, individual or private property, has been growing lv
easy stages into social or collective
property, keeping step in its growth
with thatvof thet indirvidual'or private*
tool of production into social or collective machinery of production.
The next step in the evolution of
property is from the present or corporate form, to that * of public
or social property. The machinery
of production naving now reached
the point where it compels the grea-
er part of the members of society to
gather round it and work together irt
production, is rapidly nearing the
time whon it will force the balance
to fall in line. That accomplished
production will have become social
in the full sense of the term. The
impending change in the form of property from the corporate or capitalist form into collective or public
property marks tho end of the journey from private or individual property in the means of production, to
that of social property or 'he property of society.
This transformation •flecV'd, harmony will be once more established
between the implements of industry,
and they who operate them. The men
of labor will bo. masters of the product thereof. Mnn will have attained 'true freedom.
These assaults upon < orporntions
are as senseless as they arc ridiculous and futile. Efforts eipended
along such lines aro as truly wasted
as were thb efforts of the handicrafts
man to prevent the advent «■■' the
machine. It is high timo thnr men
were actuated by roas >n rather th,:n
by prejudice. If the ' -* isoning faculties they are -iuppos.Ml to pw sess
were exercised in dealing with problems that arise, many an apparently unstirmountable obstacle would
be found easily brushed aside. Corporate capital is here to stay-until
the wisdom of the hour is equal to
the task of forcing its transformation into the next form of property
that is marked upon the dial of pro-
I gress.       That    the     much despised
Thc social evil was "abolished" in
Winnijieg two years ago amid much
cackling of tho black coated gentry
forming thc Ministerial association.
One incmiier of the association claim
ed that his work in Winnipeg was
done when tho Thomas street colony
was "abUlished" and he accepted a
"call" to a soft snap. He appears,
however, to have been a little previous for thc Ministerial association!
has introduced tho .question of se.
gregntion or anti-^ea#rdgiation into
thc civic arena and, has obtained
pledges from all the candidates for
municipal honors that they will not
support any move for segregation,
and will see that the police enforce
the present laws against houses used
for immoral purposes. The "abolition," evidently, was not as complete as might be desired.
•   •   •
The social evil can nover bo abolished while the capitalist system remains. Mmh might lie done to lessen it by the education of tho young
in psychology ami the relation of
sexes, but the criminal "modesty"
of the capitalist class forbids the
teaching of such subjects. So long
aa marriage entails on tho man tho
sacrifice of so much that goes to
make life enjoyable and so long as
our sisters are denied a wage sufficient to live upon just so long shall
wc have tho socinl evil among us.
Only when men and women are economically free and eqkjal can the   so
cial evil be destroyed. Thore will
be no need of a Ministerial association or other collection of tAisy-
bodies to agitate for its destruction,
it will die a natural death. Tnis
can only come to pass, under the cooperative commonwealth, but to admit this would cause tho rr-emjhfers of
the Ministerial association to lose
their jobs and attached pciHb/iisitiies.
—Spartacus, in The Voice.
The Montreal Labor party has
gone out of business after an existence of two years. All of these labor farces "must go by the board and
the sooner the better. There ia
room for that sort of a party of labor only that stands for a program
based solely upon thc interests ol
the working ' class. Theso Lashor
Party side shows are both Indecent
and illegitimate. That is why they
are frowned dowti by the workers,
though perhaps it is done instinctively.
Speaking at, McGill, Senator Dan-
durnnd recently expressed himself in
favor of compelling every elector to
go to thc polls and cast his ballot.
Wo beg the gentleman to go a step
further b.v sugglesting that he also
be compelled to (ust it in favor of
tho interest of his own economic
class. This would bo far better for
the workingman than to make the
fool of himself that he generally
does by voting for his constitution,
[ al enemy—the capitalist class,
msEastmBm 11 I I -    I      1     ,   .1
.5 m
■$i. ■*!■•'
aAWisaw, -y. 1(. ^
Ihe Western Clarion
Published every Saturday In the
interests of the working class alone
at the Office of the Western Clarion,
Flack Bloek basement, 165 Hastings
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Strictly in Advance.
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Address all communications,to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch this latyel on your paper.   If this numjb*3r is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
SATURDAY, DEC. 16, 1905.
Vancouver, like all other gneat and
enlightened cities, .is blessed or cursed, as the case may be, with a number of dally papers. While the
city's blessings and curses are not
confined altogether to these sheets,
.they nevertheless occupy no mean
place in the,list, and one that could
not be more worthily filled by any
other creatures , of capitalist civilization. Through their agency, the
guileless and unsuspecting denizen of
the burg has dished up for his delectation such accounts of the world's
happenings as those whom providence has appointed to rule over him
deem it wise and proper for him to
This tender and even paternal solicitude goes far towards keeping the
aforesaid denizen docile, decorous
and contented with the lot in which
the wisdom of providence has placed
him. Should he become acquainted
with events as they are actually occurring in tho various parts of the
earth, and become familiar with their
significance, it might throw him into
such a fit of economic belly-ache as
to cause him to jeer at the fat capitalist of spit upon the policeman.
The sole function of the daily paper, however, does not lie in inform-
ing the common herd of things they
should not, and keeping from them
the things they should know. One
of its chief functions is to lie about
the most common place things. As
a rule these lies are such transparent*
ones as to be easily recognized as
such, and they are probably Indulged in for the purpose of keeping in
practice for times of emergency when
an honest penny might be turned by
There is an obscure sheet among
the Vancouver contingent of dailies
that is unique In its way. That is
to say that it is unique in its veracity. It "prints the facts." This
is a positive fact, because it distinctly so states at the top of its
title page. Now as to some of the
On Sunday evening, Dec. 10, J. H.
Hawthornthwaite, member for Nanaimo in the local house, addressed an
audience in the Grand Theatre, Cordova Street. In the course of his
remarks he used the following words
according to the report in the Daily
Province, of Dec. 11:
"The Russians were setting an example as to the measures necessary
to be taken to secure freedom and
the downfall of capitalism. He hoped, though, it would not be necessary for them here to adopt such
tactics. The ballot and not the
bullet was the weapon the Socialist
party in this country advocated
making use of, but if it ever came
to the worst, Mr. Hawthornthwaite
stated he would respond to the call
as fearlessly as any man."
The correctness of this report is
vouched for by dozens of men who
were present at the. meeting. It is
but Just to the Province to say that
it's report was in its entirety accurate and fair. The report of "tho
paper that prints the facts," ( remember that paper is the "World,")
was headlined as follows: "Hawthornthwaite Wants a Rifle." Nan-
aimo'a Bombastes Furioso Tells Van*
couver Workingmen* He Will Lead
Them Against Capitalistic Bullets."
The size of the matter is that Mr.
Hawthornthwaite expressed no hankering after a rifle, nor did he tell
Vancouver workingmen that he
would "lead them" anywhere, much
less against "capitalistic bullets."
Of course it would be entirely out of
place to say the World merely lied
about it, for it is the "paper that
prints the facts." But come to think;
of it that does not insure that    it
could not or would not print something in addition to the "facts"
upon occasion.
If it were true that "Hawthornthwaite wants a rifle," it would still
be not so bad as it might. It is
merely a choice of weapons anyhow. Some might prefer a cannon
or,a stuffed dub. The "World" evidently prefers a battery of political
and journalistic srjuirt guns of exceedingly small calibre and infinilte-
simal range.
It is largely a matter of taste after all. One excellent thing about
the "World" is its comparative insignificance. It would scarce be noticed were it not for the abnormally
voiced young men who brazenly proclaim its vulgarity to the ear of the
patient Vancouverite, more especially on Saturday evenings. Its Saturday evening solicitations in order
to exchange its "facts" for coin are
carried on with a naked sharoeless-
ness that would be considered as a
breach of business ethics even in the
"red light" district.
Hawthornthwaite may stick to his
rifle, providing of course, that that
is his favored weapon, with the assurance that it is a cleaner and
more dignified means of attack or
defense than a battery of broken-
down squirt-guns.
What a lot of energy is expended
in splitting hairs over the minute de)
tails of the capitalist system of
skinning workingmen and converting
their hides into luxuries for the skin,
ners, and additional capital with
which to continue and enlarge upon
the skinning. Whether this one is
exploited or to what extent that one
is skinned are vital questions to
shallow pates, but have no bearing
of jConseVJuence upon the skinning
process in general. The facts in the
matter are by no means obscure, and
consequently should not be difficult
to locate. The workers without pro-,
perty rights in the means of production are compelled to surrender
themselves to the owners thereof, in
return for which they receive what
is termed wages. The workers'
wage is the market price of his labor power as a commodity. This
commodity exchanges,, like all others
according to the amount of labor-
time embodied in its production.
That is to say, if sufficient food,
etc., can be produced upon the average, by the expenditure of two
hours' labor-time, to keep a workingman one day, that is to produce
one day's power to labor or labor-
power, his wage expressed in money
will be thc equivalent of that specified amount of food. Under the
pressure brought to bear upon the
price, (wages) by virtue of the fact
that there is constantly in the market a number of laborers in excess
of the number of jobs, the price is
held closely to this point in spite
of all efforts on behalf of the workman to raise it. This is the hold
that capitalist property has upon
him, and this is the hold he must
break before he can realize, either
appreciable or permanent relief from
ithe miseries heaped upon him
through his present position as a
An understanding by the workman
of a few simple facts relating to
commodities, the economic laws underlying their exchange, and that
his laJbjor-power is in the list of com-l
modities, affords the necessary
ground-work for intelligent action
looking to his deliverance frolm
wage-bondage. From this starting
point he will soon, be brought to see
that he is held in leash for exploitation at the hands of capital because
of the present system ot property
which vests in the capitalist class
the ownership and consequently the
control of the means of production,
enabling that class to appropriate
the products of his labor down to
the last "hi thing's worth. By such
ownership the capitalist class virtually owns the working class, each
individual capitalist or concern (merelv sorting out from the common
stock such desirable specimens as
may suit their purpose, and for such
a period of time as they may choose.
From this point to that of seeing
that this power to own is established and protected by the state is no
far cry, and thei only sane conclusion to be drawn is that if the workingmen would free themselves from
tho tyranny ot capital they must
oust the capitalists from control of
the State, the sole point of vantage
from which they can make their tyranny possible.
To arrive at this conclusion and
solution, does not require any fine
splitting of hairs over the thousand
and oi»j petty details of the present
system of exploitation that may be
dug up. The main facts in the case
aro the things to/ be mastered, In order to insure correct action. let up
on hair-splitting. (Get in and drill.
The gusts and squalls of the approaching revolution are even   now
in evidence, presaging tho rapid approach of a social storm that cannot be lulled by bickering and hairsplitting.
The art glaziers of Chicago struck
last spring for a nine-hour day with
eight hours on Saturday. After being out something like two weeks, a
settlement was reached by the signing of an agreement covering thc
various disputed points. It is now
claimed by thc workmen that the
employers have broken the agreement
and there is much weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth thereat.
It may well lie wondered how long
the workmen will continue to pin
their faith to agreements made with
their masters. In the last analysis
these are staply agreements entered
into with robbers relative.to the extent to which their robberies shall
be carried, and surely no sane person would expect any self-respecting
robber to keep such an agreement
once it stood in the way of the profitable carrying on of his robberies.
Besides all of this it should some
time dawn upon the wage-slave that
the victims of robbery really have
no rights that robbers are bound to
respect. It is also quite proper that
they should havo no such rights in
view of the fact that by giving their |
support to the political rule of capitalist property they actually legalize the robbery. 'As well expect a
wolf to refrain from indulging his ap->
petite for mutton because of an
agreement to do so, as to expect the'
capitalist hyena to refrain from gorging himself with the savory proht
from wage-labor because of a similar contract. To realize the expectation in either case it would bo frst
necessary to change the nature of
the respective beast, which every one
will admit is by no means an easy
task. Let the workers become wise
and refrain from entering into such
agreements covering any stated period of time, and then abrogate the
agreement whenever the opportunity
offers to do so advantapfcously. Ever*
when bound by' agreement for
some specified period, the workers
are justified in breaking it at any
moment.     King capital does it and
surely the King can do no wrong.
According to the Revue de Commerce lixterieur, Japan is striding
forward. She is fast taking her
place among the great maritime and
industrial nations. She has known
how best to build up her trade and
her home production. In order to
get capital to enter her gates, she
has just broken with one of her oldest traditions. She is allowing foreigners to buy and hold land, and
she is permitting her own people to
mortgage their real-estate holdings.
It was not possible in the past for
capital to enter Japan, for the first
demand made by capital is security,
and the best security on earth is the
earth itself. The law permitting
tho Japanese to mortgage their real
estate puts into their possession the
possibilities of loans amounting to at)
least 785,000,000 francs. With such
a sum, mines may He opened, soil reclaimed and factories built and e-qfu p
ped. Mortgages may be placed now
on mills, mines, railroads, etc., .thus
materially augmenting tho Empire's
industrial and trading powers. Everybody in the East Is beginning 1o
notice the fact that Japan is growing less and less dependent upon foreign factories. She ls manufacturing many goods that went into her
formerly from Europe and America.
Nor is this all. She has gone forward until she is able to export
large quantities of goods similar to
those formerly bought from others
for her own children. She is gaining
a strong hold on the Far East. Expressed in figures her progress there
is indicated bv an advance from 56,-
000,000 yen in 1000 to 97,000,000
yen in 1904. If anybody is waiting
for Japan to fnll or fall ln her efforts to augment her industrial power or fo extend her trade, ho will
be disappointed.—Exchange.
Japan is now affording an excellent opportunity to observe the process of rapidly converting the industries and resources of a country
which has remained in a somewhat
backward stage of industrial development into capital, and thc great
mass of its working people into proletarians. By reading tho above It
may readily be seen that the hour
has struck when her people are to'be
torn from their real estate holdihga
and forced to become wage-slaves.
Capital, that sacred fetish that we
are taught to worship as the Aloha
and Omega of all that is great and
good, "demands security, and the
best security on earth is the earth
itself." In other words capital demands its pound of flesh from labor,
and the way to best secure payment
Is to dispossess the worken of
all right and title to property in land. This being effected, it becomes impossible for
the worker to default in payment of the pound of flesh. The implements'of capitalist production are
so gigantic, complicated and powerful as to bo beyond his reach. Ho
must therefore surrender his life
force to capital in return for a miserable existence which will como    to
Wc, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled,, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should justly belong. To
the owners of the means of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all the products of
lnbor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; the worker
is slave.
So long as tho capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
Ire used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and thetr control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an over-swellinir stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increafdng measure of misery and
Tho interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the mholition of the wage system. Td
accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and thc
worker  is  rapidly  culminating  in a
struggle for possession of tho power
of government—tho capitalist to hold!
the worker to secure it by political
action.    This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering tbe public
pc '^rstfor the purpose .of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation as rapidly
as possible, of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
8, The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead  of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always nnd everywhere \intil
the present system is abolished,
make the answer to this question its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the interests of
the working class and aid the1 workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, tho Socialist
Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Tarty is absolutely opposed  to it.
ln accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct nil the public affairs placed
in its hunds in such a, manner as to
promote the interests of the working class alone.
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in 	
Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between tke capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spreinacy, i.e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of tbe capitaliat clasa.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political 1 arty, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age         Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19	
 Chairman         Ree.-Sec.
him in the form of wages. Tho Japanese worker is to be ground fine in
tho mills of capitalist exploitation,
just as his fellows in Europe and
Airraerica have been ground. Now that
he has been used as food for cannon
in thc conryuest of roxjuisite territory
into which brutal capital may dump
the plunder taken from his sweat, he
is likewise to be offered up as a sacrifice upon the altar of profit in order to provide the plunder.
The tragedy of converting Japan
into a land ruled hy the merciless
hand of capital is to be a realistic
one. That which required centuries
to do in the cal"** of Europe and Am*
erica will be done in decades in the
case of Japan, because at its opening, thc villian Capital comes upon
the state armed Cap-a-pie with the
cunning and powerful weapons forged b.v the centuries experience in other lands. In other words full-grown
capital is to twize the prey which ha^
hitherto escaped its clutches.
Scenting tho rich profits to be
squeezed from the Japanese workers,
the pace will lie swift and thc pursuit eager. The breaking of Japanese "traditions" to the extent of affording opportunity for the mortgage to get in its deadly work will
not be the end1 of tradition breaking.
Anything in this line that stands in
the way of the complete realization
by capital of the last drop of juice
in the workers' bones will Ire shattered, broken and thrust aside.
The only school in which man
learns is that of experience. Some
painful experience is coming to the
Japanese people yet, before they will
learn how to utilize their country's
resources so as to best minister to
their comfort, happiness and general
well-being. Let us hope that for
their own sakes they aro moro sus-
oeptiiblo to schooling than Europeans;
and Americans, and will thus not
i*oJc(uirc so many nor such drastic
lessons  to complete their education.
"It Is reported that should tho
Master Plumbers follow the advice
of their qounsel and make restitution!
of the money improperly taken from
the public, as bonuses, the Crown
would not press for Imposition of
the penalty,(but would be willing to
allow them to go on suspended sentence."—Bally Press.
Thus an excellent precedent has
been established for. lesser thieves to
follow, that should make that ancient and honorable calling pjuite
safe to follow. If caught red-handed, why simply return the plunder.
1'hat ls all there is to it.
The Rov. Coleman, of St. Catharines, Ont., resigned his nnstorato to
take tho management of a large investment house at Montreal at a
salary of f.5,000 per year. This may
be taken as evidence that investment
in worldly goods yieldeth a more
substantial and satisfactory profit
than soul-saving.
One of the clincher arguments finni
at the Socialist is, that "you cannot make people good by law." And
yet the Socialist is thc only one who
knows this to be true. All the rest
of the world stubbornly persists in
attempting it. The pious inclined
want Sunday observance laws to
compel iieople to obey the scriptural
injunction to remember the Sabbath
day and keep it holy. Tho prohibitionist wants laws against indulgence in booze. The small fry labor-
skinner wnnts the law to protect him
against the big fellows. Small ship
pers invoke the law to prohibit transportation companies from discriminating against them in freight rates.
Tho workingman wants the law to
protect him against the exactions of
his employer in thc matter of hours,
wages, etc, In fact, every ignorant
ass in the whole bunch who has a
bblly-^achc against someone else looks,
to thc law for relief, with an Abiding
faith in the ability of that institution to compel the offender to be
good. The Socialist alone knows
the law for whnt itj actually is "the
science of injustice." The dictum of
a ruling class. The verbal expression of the tyranny of masters over
slaves. Being an expression of class
rule it. ran neither deal out justice
nor compel gc-odness. Within tho
pale of class rule these qualities find
no habitation. Most assurredly,
people cannot, be made good by law,
but fools will persist in trying it.
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and Uie
ease with which it is obtained/
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases \
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the infor
mation sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pupil, the student and the litterateur, there
is nothing better; it covers everything-.
The New and Bnlargod Edition recently issue.", has 01,000 new words and phrases, s completely revised Biographical Dictionary and
Gazetteer of the World, *380 pages and 8000
Our name Is on tbe title-pages of all tbe
authentic dictionaries of the Webster series.
"A Taat ln Pronunciation" which affords a
plcmmnt and Instructive evening's entertain
ment.  Ill11st.rnt.cd pamphlet also tree.    *
I.VfcO. 11KPKIAMCO., Pubs-,Sprlngfleld,
wn Directory
They Mm   un...   _.        J
When They Metrt; Wht
Tbtv itett,
aym-Hvery Labor imiun ,„ ,,,
vited to place a card underih^J"?^ k ,
month.    Secretaries ple^acS.**1' »'* 1
PhtS!™ ***** an.~LaboTs2l
Meets    eve^ Then^ »
dent,     N
Arms,   T.
Box, 108, Phoenix
H.   Cos,
h oiDiS""vi";.?N
a   lce-Pres|J
WebsteF R0,,.,.owroM
li. D,
Phoenix      Miners'    unlon    u
W.  F.  M.    Meets    S S?,V
evening  ,t ^o'clockVgjL
prosttjont; w
hall.     V
gtr Every    1,0cm    „l   ,!,„  Mooia|i
Party of Canada should run
under  this   head.   $1.00 per mon)k
Secretaries please note. "*'
a -■•)■
Headquarters,   Vancouver  B cl
Dominion   Executive  Com'miti*
A. B. Stebbings, .John E.
Ernest  Burns," C.   Peters. AluS
A.   J.    Wilkinson,   treasurer' j   '
Morgan, secretary   "
Vancouver, B. C.
661 Hnrnard St!
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at henoW
ters, Inglcsile Illock, 318 t'ambli
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Jj.
ucatlonal meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan
Cordova Street.
P.  P. MILLS, Secretin-1
Box 836,  Vancouver li. C.
LOCAL TOIIONTO - Meets 2nd sail
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hdl
Bathurst St. P. Ilulc, Secretin;!
41 Henry street, W. 0. OribblsJ
organizer, 180 Hogarth Ave.
WANTED:     by     Chicago  wholaajjl
house,   special    ropresentattva
each  province in  Canada.    Salar/I
120,00    and   expenses paid waekftf
Expense    money   advanced.   BuiVli
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No   investment  required.   Prevtoojl
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This issue is No. 351. If Ihhi
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your subscription expires with this
number. If further copies are desired, renewal should ne made at oacs
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expiration of the old subscription!a
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ESTAnusiiKD 1S94
The Oldest Labor Paper ia Cibiii
Always a fearlesss exponent in the
cause of labor.
For one dollar tbe paper trill bi
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen of nil countrieawfll
soon recognize the fact that they
must support and read tlieir labor
iMited every Priday.
The Voice Pulithlng Co., LlfW
Published Weekly by tha
Weitern Fed«ratl»n 01 ■•««•
A Vigorous Advocate of l**
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Icit the business
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Montreal; and Waaluns10"''     ' AllJndAY, DEC. 16. 1605.
mm* at em am abet earn* am 4
Socialist Party of Canada
t,  MORGAN, Secretary, Vancouver, B. C.
B.C., Dec. 12.—Present
(chairman,   Pe-
,  ,,|,      Wilkinson,    Ortjonlser
SSisleJ nnd tbe secretary.
ninutcs of the previous meet-
1 and approved.
• Comrade attuUaaa
The in
Hut were reai
T|„, following coniniunicatiions wero
dealt *'•'•'•
.. m   Utlyanith   Loaal enclosing
ftjOOfor Btamps and supplies.     Re-
B«d and filed.
front   IVachland Local concerning
Ij^y organization.     Received    and
W' . X      ■
From Fernie   Local  enclosing    the
LtJilj report.    Received and filod.
•.onl Nanaimo I-ocal enclosing $5
|or slampa.   Received and filed.
H,e lollowing  warrants  were     or-
Idj-cd drawn
the "Western  Clarion"  for od-
itrtising ninl printing, *G.OO.
j. ii,,. Dominion Executive   Com-
luiit,,, (or Btamps, $20.00
To the Hn rotary,  for expressajge,
itstaKCi    stationery  nnd  telegrams,
bdyamith Local, stamps   $f>.00
ftnalmo Local,  stnm|m       5.00
Total   »10.00
Vancouver,  HT,, Dec. 12.—Present
('iiinriulc St.'lfliiiijrs,   (chairman,    Pe-
t.-rs,    Icili,      Wilkinson,     Orgyuiistr
Stgale1 nml the secretary.
The minutes of the previous moet-
■n-r iverc read und approved.
The following communfcanbaB wero
(.■all with.
Il'roiii    Dawson     Loral,,   enclosing
bmn fm stamps iuid' sujiplies. Re-
leiu'd and complied with.
[from    Winnipeg    IxkbI,  enclosing
HOC (or Btamps.
I Warrants were ordered drawn
follow ing, amounts:
ITo   the    "Western   Clarion"    for
Hating, .*l!.oo.
I To tli>. secretary  for  postage,  exits, etc., ¥.'i.50.
B.   C.    Provincial    Executive
• Committee,     stamps     $20.00
Dawson Yukon I-ocul, atamjj-fl    20.00
Winnipeg Local,  stamps         2.00
The .regular business meeting of Uue
atyove local wns held at the head-
ohiarters on Monday evening Dec.
11th., Com. W. L. Waley in the
The minutes of the previous meeting and th<! special meeting, and the
application of tt candidate for membership being passed on, the following warrants wore drawn:
"Clurion,"  for  dodgers     i| 5.00
Rent, Grand Theatre      15.00
Stationery   -jr
To'"1    $20.85
A letter wus rend from Dr. Titus,
saying.be would be here on the 17th
and the program committee wus instructed to Secure the City Hall for
thut date.
The committee in charge of the
mattc-r of tt demonstration on -Ian.
22, to commemorate tho "Moody
Sunday" episode at St. PetererAii
ami the committee on ways and
means reported progress.
The following were elected as the
new executive for the ensuim- year:
Comrades Morgan, Stebbings, "Wilkinson. Purr, Flowers, U.ah and
Comrade Stebbings was elected
chairman for Dr. Titus' meeting at
the City  Hull on  Sunday evening.
The  financial   report   for  the   week
showed   receipts   fts   follows:
Collected at Grand Theatre... $19.35
Literature  Sales            3.25
Dues account         2.00
Total     $2-1.60
The report for the month of Xov-
I ember showed receipts including the
,or cash on hnnil nt first of month of
$80.81, and disbursements of $84.45
making a deficit of 8.64 for thc
month. After formally receiving reports,  thc meeting adjourned.
D.  P. MILLS,  See.
World-Known Socinlist Economist
and Parliamentarian, Hacked by
a Following of 811 Members in
Th,,   Qurtiian     Reichstag,    Makes
Titii.h  I iterances.
I Thi* head writer on the local News-
UvcMiser, is un amusing cuss. For
bianco, under the heading, "Bub-
Ita of Herr Rebel," we find the
|Jl"ii Bebel, the Socialist Leader,
Kaklna in tho Reichstag today,
"•■aletl indignant protests from the
ovcrnmunt benches, by referring to
1 situation in Russia as proof that
la time wns coming when thc prole-
F'at, and not thc cabinets, would
ptidc the n'liestion of war or peace.
Phut the Itnssian people nne now
Rowing iheir ruler, can be done,"
pted the Socialist Leader, "also
Fn \f dune by other Euro|K>un poo-
We nre of the opinion that tho
l-upli' will never allow themselves t«j
again    drivm   into war.   Today
f can only  be iiuulc with  the sup-
J°rt ol the entire people."
IContfnuing, Herr Rebel said: "Thc
P9f**t time  is a  serious  one.     Do
1 believe that what is going on in
East is not exciting the German
ring people most profoundly? R
'"j 'lo noi take care to mak» the
[allierlaml what it should be, so
Jat the workingmen will gladly de-
m It, the.v will raise the cfuostion
nether they srml| defend it at all."
I'l''Socialist deputies shouted their
'- to this remark, which caused
commotion on the Government
[umt Bebel added:   "If tho Herman
■"""•Ing    .lasses  fail   you,
Whatever may lx> said of the ignorant barbarous iwst, there is no
excuse for poverty today. There is
nothing oo easily produced as wealth
Why, the whole eurth consists of raw
material; und in every passing breeze
in sunshine and shower, bidden! uvery-
where, are the subtle forces that
may. by the touch of the hand of labor be set into operation to transmute this raw material into wealth
in all of its multiplied forms. And
yet. poverty is the scourge of tlie
naee. It is the Nemesis of capitalist civilization. Ten millions, one-
eighth of our whole population, are
in a state of chronic poverty. Three
millions of these have bteen sunk into
unresisting pauperism. The whole
working class is in a sadly dependent state. Even the most favored
wage worker is left susi>ended by a
single thread. lie does not know
what hour a machine will be invented to make his trade useless, to displace him, and throw him into the
increasing army of the unemployed.
—E.  V.  Debs.
"When I pick up a capi toil ist paper and read n glowing eulogy of
some lubor lender, U khow that that
labor leader has at least two distinct, nltlictions—the one is moral
Weakness and the other is moral
cowardice; und they go together.
Put it down thnt when the capitalist who is exploiting you credits
yonr leader with Iseing wise nnd conservative and safe, that leader is
not serving you.—E. V. Dobs.
Can it Im- thnt Debs had that
prince of "lnbor leaders," Ral|4i
Smith in mind when he gaVO utter-
lance to the above? Perish the
thought I
you    are
•"nl i  tell you that    day   will
com...    you have no conception
I }P° emhlttonnent   of the   hearts
the (!
fat ih,
K   11
'tnun workmen today. Now
ssmn absolutism ia approach
end," he. continued,  "Oer-
■W.vs the refutation of being
reactionary state of   the
'.'". ""'"'i    created,   much   mcrrl-
lV referring    to tho    Emperor
i'-i)t |,
Hiih!1i"S to,cKrMn  to the   Emperor
v »oias, .,Th6 Admirftl a, th0 At_
L,, Brrota the Admiral of tho Pa-
•p n,l'''ng thnt.the "Admiral   of
Pp.' .j'"0 '   meanwhile had    grown
Ul He also mentioned thc
n,">K the "Admiral of the Pa-
latch ra wnsh-tu*J- swliramiiur des-
hiR .. , ,ho 8horo with remnants
• Adn? ,rolw' w«« added. "I hope
ha'n n ot tho Atlantic will nev-
'"e same, experience."
Hn I e
tod    ,  "('S' of    Winnipeg,   is    ex-
n,. ,,.,.,,   arrive In Vancouver   in
,or lho holiday season.
Mio   u.uZ,      "°
)ra 0 ', .' „ Marion suh. list—
lirtP* ',la'ly in tho lnterior-hns
ItoLj . '"■ Harry aibblo is mak-
W bt ..h ° okAnaffan just now,
'tola' p 1imo -"O'8 covered tho
•ve th^ ,n^n''e, tho Clanion will
Btpry,   'arff!"' circulaMon   In    its
According to the S. D. Herald, the
Inspector of the New York State
board of charities asserts that in
New York City less thnn one-fifth of
the school children begin the day
with an adequate "breakfast. Pretty
good showing for the richest city
on  this  western  continent.
Harry Sibble is now canvassing
the Okanagan Valley in tho interest
of the "Western Clnrion." He will
be at the lower end of the lake next
week. Writing from Vernon he re-
(rucsts the "Clarion" to extend
thanks to the comrades ami friends
along his route who havo in every
way treated him. as ho expresses it,
"like a prince. The Clarion hcrelby
complies with the reojuest most,
cheerfully. We know little of princes
or tho treatment befitting them. But
he who renders assistance to the socialist propagandist, nml aids in
making smooth the pathway along
which ho pursues the economic heathen, is plensing in the eyes of this
paper. To nil such, the "Western
Clarion" hereby grants eternal life,
. o	
Thero seem to bo an unmistake-
able apathy settling down upon the
trade union movement. If we rehid
the sign of the times aright, it will
roauiro but few more lessons in the
"economic field" to put. tlie finiishlng
touch upon this long drawn out attempt to effect the impossible. Even
that Inst summer's aberration known
as the T.W.W. hns dropped almost as
completely out of sight as bns "Father Hagerty."
About a year ago Vancouver also
'abolished" the "social evil" 0r at
leust tried to do so. A lot of old
women of both sexes, forognthered in
the City Hall and wailed lugtijjjfiousr,
ly and with pietistic fervor against
tho evil as it, existed especially npon
Dupont Street. Some there were
who were blusphemous enough to declare that behind the purity efforts
of these "holier than thoiu" humbugs there lurked some material interest that intended to turn an honest penny under cover of this holy
crusade against sin. After events
disclosed tho interest. The whole
thing* was engineered in tho interest
of the Great Northern Railway whickj
wanted Dupont street property for
terminal purposes. Ry persecuting
the social outcast and driving her
froan this pareicular looality tho
value of the coveted property would
b» depreciated and the railway
would thus save money in the purchase.
An soon as the railway had gotten
whut it wanted, the purity wave sub'
sided, and the cackling of the pietistic old hens ceased.
Whenever the purity crusade is inaugurated by the henchmen and supporters of capitalism, cither pious
or profane, it is certain that some
material interest lies back of it. 'Ihe
social evil is a legitimate child of capitalism. It was horn with the wage-
system of human slavery, and is
nourished at the breast of capitalist
property. It will not be abolished
until its cherisher mother is strung--
l.-il bv the hand of an aroused und
revolutionary proletariat.
It is nowadays argued by upholders of the present order, like Mal-
lock, that wealth is not the product
of labor, or even of capital, to any
extent worth mentioning; it is they
say, the result of ability. But ability in action is only a form of labor, and as nil forms of labor are
mutually dependent and necessary to
the production of wealth, it follows thnt the able man has no more
right to use his ability to enslave
Ihe less able, and set up an aristocracy of privilege than the strong
man hns to use his strength to rob
and oppress the weak. Moreover, if
the able do produce wealth, they
don't |>ossess it. The men who take
all the cream of the world's riches
have never by their ability produced
so much ns a toothpick. Most ' of
them do no work of any kind. Many
of them are too lazy to even put on
their own clothes.— Rri.sha.ne Worker.
 o —
Thc 19-year-old (laughter of Krupp
the gun-maker, who succeeded to thc
ownership of the great estali-lishmcnti
nt Essen u|wn the denth of her father, is landed to the skies as "one
of the foremost living authorities on
"rent guns und battleships, and incidentally, on all the arts and practices and deadly tools of war." To
I*' nn acknowledged authority upon
all that appertains to the art and
practice of wholesale murder, and
to be the executive head of a gigantic establishment devoted to Ithe production of the implements hy which
it is carried on may He laudable and
druite in line with the ethics of Christianity and the gospel of peace. Of
this we are not quite sure, being
something of a heretic, but it seems
to us there is a kink in the proposition  somewhere.
What a fine bunch of rascals has
been expow-d by the insurance investigation going on in New York.
Depew. McCall, McOurdy, Ryan, Jlet\
rimnn nnd thc rest. All husincss
men nnd mighty good onesjtoO. This)
gors to show thnt the country is
safe so long as it is in thc hands of
its business men. Were worklkig-
men at the helm of affairs thev
might go crooked and make a mess
of things.
According to Commissioner Coombs
within seven weeks after old Booth
had announced his plans for shipping thousands of England's pauperized workers to Canada, there
were 70,000 applicants for shipment.
The Army is now busy sorting out
this mass of misery and picking out
10,000 of the fittest. The real salvation effected by this gigantic hi.m-
lvug and swindle isUhus shown to Ibe
that of sorting over the human garbage pile created by capitalism and
saving such scraps nnd odds and
ends, for further exploitation uS1 mav,
still appear to contain profitable
juice, The balance will, of ourse,
1)0 thrown aside ns useless rubhish.
The Army has lieen misnamed. It
should be called the Salvage Army
of Capitalism.
. o	
Tho new Cunnrder, tho Cnrmanin,
with n gross displacement of nearly
.'10.000 tons was completed nt Clyde-
Iwink. Scotlnnd. in nine nnd a half
months from the laying of the
keel. The steel work wins built
in hor at thc rnte of 1.420 tons
a month. Those Scotch slaves are
not, so  slow after nil.
_ o	
The steel skeleton of a fifteen-
story office building in New York,
wns erected in twenty-five daye ready for the brick-layers, masons, etc.
Six weeks later the building was
completed nnd filled with tenants.
Tho American slaves build houses so
rapidly that a large mwnber of them
never have any roof of their own.
Great praise has been showered upon the Queen's gift of £2,000 to tho
unemployed fund. "Womanly sympathy," "gracious kindliness," and
"ojueenly tact," were exploited for
all they were worth by fulsome belly-crawlers." Now, lt transpires
that the £2,000 was a gift with a
string to it. The poor the Queen
had in mind were not of England's
starving unemployed at all, nor was
the purpose of the {jifl that of relieving their distress. It was to-be
used merely as a starter to induce
others to contribute for that purpose after which it was to be equally divided between old Booth's
"Starvation" Army and the Church
Army, a similar nuisance engineered
by another hypocritical "bum" dub-
liod Gen. William Curlile. It is pro-
bably just ns well though, for i-2,-
UU0 worth of soup would not go for
tpwards solving the unemployed problem anyway.
London's unemployed to tne tune
of 26,000 demonstrated. Among the
various banners carried were some
bearing the terrifying legend, "Curse
your charity; we want honest work"
After more than six centuries of
"honest work," tho result of which
is shown by the poverty stricken condition of the English workers (today.
they should become violent revolutionists by inscribing upon their l»an-
ners ''curse your work; we Mont honest charity." Resides, it vould be
infinitely more logical.
John Burns is to have , seat in
the Camp.lia.-ll - Bannennan Littoral
menagerie, by courtesy dubbed a
cabinet. Thus is this worthy labor
leader (sic) rewarded for his herculean efforts to serve the devil of liberalism by bunco-steering the workers into municipal and other reform
shambles. Gould we but land our
own and equally deserving Ralph
Smith in some fat billet, for instance, like an Ottawa Setiatorship,
joy would indeed lie complete. Burns
receiving a portfolio in the new cabinet at the hands of one of the political parties of capitalism, may be
looked upon as a tribute to his value as a "labor leader."
. o	
Thc City Council of Montreal hns
instructed the city attorneys to begin proceedings under the criminal
code against the Fire Underwriters'
Association, chantsinig them with hav|
ing -'ffected a comliSno ta fix. The ordinary trade union is not the only
one that has trouble in working its
A    machine    now! used in handling
wheat   automatically,   weighs,   registers,   bags,   ties up,   and   delivers  7,
200 sacks of grain an hour.
tt has l-eon reported that the entire garrison of the Warsaw citadel
has mutinied. A hundred soldiers of
the Kexholm regiment headod a procession singing revolutionary sonars.
When the commander nl .-mother regiment ordered his troops to fire
upon them they refused to do so.
The commanding officer then fled.
Such rare judgment upon his part
is to be commended.
I. Edwarp Biri>. a. C  Brtdos-jacc
Geo. E. McCkossim.
Tel. 829.   P.O. Box 982.
324 Hutisas Sireet     -     Vuctmr. I. C.
60   YEARS'
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
Anrone sending a skelrh nnd description mny
auloklr Mcertuln our opinion freowhetliorn.ii
invention Is nrobeblT patentable. Comniunlra-
Oo,fsstrTctly?onnrtentl«l. HANDBOOK on Patents
sent free. (Ilrtest niiencr forsecorliiBpateiUs.
Patents taken through Mann a Co. receive
tptclal notice, without charge, ta tha
Scientific American*
A handsomely Hlnstrated weekly. I.sreest ctr-
eulatlon of any iolentlflo Journal. Terms. S3 a
year; four month*. »L Sold by all newsdealers.
MUNN & Co.36,B-<h"' New York
Branch omceratt r BU Washington. 1). C.
Agnes P. Mnhoney, a returned missionary from West Africa, In report-
in"- to the Woman's Auxiliary, to the*
Hoard of Foreign Missions, said:
"What will you think of it when I
tell you that I have bought two
girls just Tjefore T oame atfhy. I
Kave $30 for them." Tho purchase
not heing present for inspection, tho
good dames of tho Auxiliary could
not decide whither a good    'bargain
had been driven or not.
Former Assemhlyman Cahill, of
Brooklyn, N. V., has just lipcm convicted of perjury and violation of
tho election law. He is to get two
years in tho penetentlary. Later—
fie is not a Socialist.
by buying this
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
Hudson's Boy Company, Agents
~   Out   {Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them snd Tell Them Why.
Morris  Reclining  Chairs from  $8.50
to $35.00
Ladies'   Fancy   Rockers,   from    $5.00
to $7.00
Sleepy    Hollow    Chairs,  from  $5.50
to $12.00
Fan.y Odd I'arlor Chairs, from $9.00
to $25.00
Sofa Cushions, $2.00,
Cushion Tops,  50c.
Phone 718.      100 Douglas St.
From $25.00 Up.
V2 Broad Street, Victoria, B. 0.
Colonial Bakery
39 Johnson St.,  Victoria. B.C.
Dellveri-d  to any  part of tha city.    Ask
Driver   to   call.     Thon*   849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
72 Govenutst Street, Victoria, 8. C.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75.
Bundlaa of 25 or more copies to
one address, for a period of three
months or more at the rate of one
cent per copy.
Patronize our advertisers.
Victoria General Agent for The
"      llEKAl.lj.
••     NKWS
"   • WORLD
Also handles San Francisco Sunday Bulletin and Call. Prompt and
regular dally delivery servicei to
P. 0. Box 444,   Victoria, B. C.
; Majwiaciirtr e)
I Ns. $ Cestre tl.
All   Descriptions   of    Ladies'     aad
Gents'     Garments  Cleaned or Dyed,
and  Pressed    lOquul    to New.        Dry
Cleaning a Specialty.
the Yates 8t.    Viotohia, B.O.
Harris <& Moore
Dealers  in
Bicycles, Guns,   Ammunition,
and Bicycle Sundries.
42 Broad St. VICTORIA, B. C.
Phone B969.
Albion Stove Works,
FACTORY, 38, 42 Pembroke Street,    -     -    VICTORIA
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Douglas Street,    -    -    -   VICTORIA
121 Hastings Street,   -    VANCOUVER
72  Cordova St.,   next to   tXsmy'o.
United Hatters of North America
Wh«a you are buyta* a FUR HAT aaat te  It  that
th* Utnalae Ualoa Label in sstsa li It II a retailer
haa loose label! in his poaateslon aad oilers te pat
on* ln a hat for you, do not patronize him. Loose
labels la retail atorae are counterfeits. Th* f*naU*
Ualon Label la perferatet oa four edges, exactly the
■suae aa a poitaf* stamp. Counterfeits are some,
times perforated oa three edge*, and som* timee only
oa two- Jetia B. Stetoon Co., ef Philadelphia Is a
non-unloa eaooera.
JOHN  A.  MOrriTT.   President,  Oraaga, N. J.
MARTIN    LAWLOR,    Secretary,    ll   W averly    Plae*
N*w  York.
There is no homo too small to use Electric Light. Every dwelling should use It—everybody  should use it.
The children—bless them!—they cannot upset the Electric Light
nnd burn thc house down. They can do no harm whatever with
Electric Light.
It can be lighted or extinguished by a touch of the button. No
lamps  to clean,  no smell of   Coal Oil,  no disfigurement of walls.
When n small amount of light is needed, 6 or 10 candla power lamps may be Installed, thus reducing the total expense of lighting by this method.
Call and see us in reference to installing Electric Light to take
the place of your Coal Oil Lamps.
i ■.
bWr mns^MJMbb^mm
SAWftpAV, tee. lri. Ito
Edited by R. P. PETTIPIECE. to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed.       . @
"The birth-pangs of a new civilization!" Such is the condition in
Russia, and elsewhere. The pains
are quickening and ere thc child Socialism is born the workers' blood
may run knee-deep; but Industrial
freedom will triumph!
The workman with a modern nail-
making machine makes a 100-pound
keg of nails in two hours. In the
days of hand production, tho task
would have engaged him for two
weeks. .He gets a bare living from
his labor now, and as tho old-time
hand worker got that, the query naturally arises as to what good **""
machine has been to tho
Cynical Bystander on fringe of a
Socialist mefeting to > sympathetic onlooker: "Do you know that whenever I see a Socialist about I always put my hands in my pockets."
Onlooker (sarcastically): "Indeed;
and I suppose when there is not a
Socialist about you always put youo
hands In other people's pockets, eh?'"
And the cynical one wondered why
those within earshot smiled aloud.—
* *   *
We have always pursued tho policy
of spending our savings as fast as
we got hold of them in order to
make sure of securing ourself against
losing them. The wisdom of our
judgment has been once • more confirmed by the failure of. the York
County Loan and Saving Society.
It would be well if all other suckers would refrain from being hooked
by these swindles. That is it would
be well for the suckers.
* *   *
Of course, as at any Socialist meeting, tho platform was thrown
0|xjn to anyone who cared to speak,
or ask questions.
And, much in tho usual way, the
irrepressible "Com" Uritilths once
more took the opportunity afforded
to declare that the Socialist Labor
Party De Ix'onism, and the Industrial Workers of the World were not
defunct, all evidence to the contrary
Speaker of  tho Evening—A   Stirring
Address on Matters 1-ertaining to
Provincial Politics and Questions
of Interest to tho Workers of British Columbia-
Last Sunday night's Socialist mass,
meeting was  of a  decidedly rcvolu-
nary hue, and rather likely   any   of
tho large audience present, who were
lexpecting    to    hear an advocate   of
such    issues as "public ownership,"
''municipal ownership,"    and    other
ijueations which are of no concern to
sellers    of    labor-power, would   feel
somewhat disappointed.
It's not often that one can
"lift" a report of a socialist meeting from a daily, but the writer
proposes to do so this time. Here's
.-.*-—*•   *v,n   •• w-»*-.c-A-li*,*--!ispr"
what the "News-Advertiser" said,
and is, as a synopsis, a very fair
On Sunday evening Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwaite, M. P. P., addressed a
large gathering, of Socialists in the
Grand Theatre on Cordova Street. The
subject of Mr. Hawihornthwaite's address was, "Legislation for the Coming
There is apparently room for So- The sPeake*• started cut by scoring
clalist agitation and organization the Press Xor the,r unfaIr reP°rts of the
round the Mission City district, doings of the Socialist members ln the
largely composed of farmers. Ac- House. He said the Conservative pa-
cording to the dally press, a largjely-, Per8 t00k out a11 that ald not Please
slgfctod petition to the Fisheries' Com. then* a-""1 left ln what sulted them and
mission last week, "it was urged, if the Liberals did the same, but he hoped
it should give ear to the representa- thev would remedy this by having at
tlons ol the canncrs as to the nee-' the next session a reporter for the So-
osslty of the proposed restrictions, clalist papers who would accurately
to erect a big trap and a gigantic represent what they did.
cannery and operate them itself with "I fin(J*" continued the speaker, "that
white labor only, closing the river I have arrived In Vancouver at an op-
to all private companies and fisher- portune time, as the whole City just
men." now seems to be   stirred   to its pro-
*    *    * foundest depths by the great question
Reformers,        and      others      are  0l
wont to point to "government own-
pelllng the workmen to go elsewhere to
seek for jobs, and if the Liberal Party
ot British Columbia resorted to such
tactics—as Joseph Martin had done
some years ago with his platform of 17
planks—they would find they could not
stuff the workers with any such humbug as that.
Mr.  Hawthornthwaite  then  outlined
The list read:    First, abolition of the
$200 deposit for candidates; second, establishment of an eight-hour    law  In
smelters;  third, a bill to prevent lobbying, Including a fine of 11,000 or six
months' imprisonment for any one trying to influence a member ln the lobby
of the House; fifth, weekly wages for
workmen;   sixth,  a  shops    regulation
act; sixth, an eight-hour day   for   all
sawmills,   logging camps,   Government
road camps, etc.:  seventh, revision of
the Assessment Act exempting all Improvements by actual settlers up to the
value of $1,000; eighth, old age pensions;
ninth, an amended Coal Mines Regulations Act;  tenth, establishment of an
eight-hour  day  as  the    standard  for
manual labor; eleventh, a bill to compel  joint  stock  companies  to   publish
annual returns;; twelfth, establishment
of public abattoirs for slaughtering all
meat; thirteenth, the franchise for women; fourteenth, revision of franchise
to compel all voters to have a sufficient
knowledge   of   English.       Mr.    Hawthornthwaite said he was also Instructed to oppose any attempt to Impose a
gun  licence, and that  he would  bring
forward the following resolutions:
"Resolved that this House express its
sympathy with the people of Russia ln
their struggle for freedom."
"Resolved that the vote for Mllltla
purposes in the Province be cut out."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said they had
been accused of keeping the Tory Party
In power, but In reality there had been
W.J.C., Chilliwack, B.C.—Hec'.ivtd
your communication O.K. It would
be simply impossible for mc to per
sonally acknowledge letters to
department.   Watch the Clarion
o    . u
Dr. F. W. Titus, of Seattle will ad-,
dress the socialist mass meeting in
the City Hall tomorrow, iSunday)
E. T. Kingsley will speak in Seattle tomorrow evening. On the
Sunday following he will address the
workers of this city in the .City Hall.
|       AMONG   THE   WORKERS.
Com. Arnason is im Vancouver. Inside of another month tho fact will
not ne. d publishing. There are tome
50,000 people in town, and if ho
hasn't lyumped tho whole of them to
become paid-up readers of thc Clarion by that time, he'll change his
present mode of attack. You ought
to see 'cm coming.
The Clarion publishers are endeavoring with some success, to arrange
for full reports of tho proceedings in
the coming session of the B.C. Legislature, which meets early next
month. An eight-page paper may
lie run for the occasion. This should
give Clarion hustlers a good weapon
to boost the circulation with. It's a-
climbin' up every day, comrades!
ership," etc., as Socialism rather
than government capitalism. Here's
a sample: "Calgary, Alta., Dec. 5.
—A strike is imminent in the Calgary postorhce. The employees ure
required to work some fourteen hours
a day and also on Sunday. One of
the principal clerks has resigned."—
Daily press. The wage-system, the
method by which the workers are
alone robbed, must be abolished before the condition ot the slave c'ass
can be permanently remedied.
* *   *
Recently the I. T. U. took a referendum vote on a 50-cent-a-week
assessment proposal, in order to
maintain locked-out printers seeking
to enforce an 8-hour day. For the
assessment 25.949 votes were cast:
as against 6.833 in the negative.
Victoria, B.C., (No. 201), made the
poorest showing in Canada, its
vote was 19 for; 16 against. The
Vancouver (No. 226) vote stood 63
for; 2 against on the same proposition. A cheaper method for Victoria's "16," would be to take out
English Church marriage licenses.
No show then for a divorce.
* *   *
The Socialist movement if anything, must be a revolutionary movement of and by the working class—
the slaves of the class they seek to
overthrow. But there are plenty of
members of organizations voicing
these aims and aspirations who,
while probably "uncultured." and
forsoth "uneducated," are still capable of expressing themselves jn public without murdering our language.
In fairness to the audience, i the
speakers and our movement, greater
care should be exercised by locals in
the selection of representatives of the
party who aro to introduce speakers
or convey our message to tho public
in public places. A long-winded
chairman is wearisome enough at
any time, but, however well-intentioned, an assassinator of Anglo-
Saxon is unbearable, and conveys a
bad impression upon the minds of
prejudicial listeners.
* *   *
In the face of the terrible slaughter at Odessa, Kieff, atad hundreds of
other places, it sounds like a grim
joke to Bay that thc Government has
not succeeded in its plot. Yet such
is the case. The revolution has not
only not been killed, but it has received a new stimulus and a new
life, and the blood of thousands and
thousands of martyrs—men, women
and children—will be avenged in such
a manner which will really stagger
humanity. Just as January 22,
when the confiding people of St- Petersburg were perfidiously drawn to
the shambles, before the revolution,
so will the new massacres mark a
further and a more sinister stage in
that revolution. Draglons' teeth have
boon sown in the lava-ground of the
revolution, and warriors, stronger
and more vindicative than ever before, will arise to avenge the crime.
-Th. Rothstete, in Justice.
i ■ o i
Five yearly sab. cards, $3.75.
That giant monopoly has been stretching out Its tentacles and after devouring the lives of the workingmen, lt
is trying to shove down Its hungry maw
a number of these portly middlemen,
and they have certainly set up a most
discordant squawk. I have heard a
great deal of sweet music in my time.
As a boy my British blood has been
stirred by the military bands playing
'Rule Britannia.' I have listened to
the finest operas and orchestras, I have
sat ln lofty cathedrals and my soul has
been stirred by the strains pealing
from the mighty organs, but the sweetest music I have heard yet is that discordant squawk set up by the middlemen of Vancouver." (Laughter).
Mr. Hawthornthwaite continued that
he supposed that at the next session
these men would
to help by vote of sympathy or otherwise to reduce the rates. In the United States this appeal had been made to
Teddy Roosevelt, but before he could
move a hand the railway employees
had protested against any reduction In
rates as it would mean a corresponding reduction in wages. It was the
samo in British Columbia He had no
doubt If they got reduced rates that
the business men of Vancouver would
not charge the workingman more than
$1.26 a pair for his overalls, but lt
seemed to him that no matter which
way lt went the workmen would have
to suffer anyhow and if he were approached by the business men of Vancouver he would simply have to tell
them to "go away back and sit down."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite then gave a
short sketch of the histories of the two
great political parties, and coming
down to British Columbia said that the
McBride Government represented the
capitalist class and the Liberal Opposition represented the middlemen of the
Province. He held that the greatest
enemy of the workingmen was this
everywhere, because they were ln the
lest stages of capitalism and If the Reform Party got In they would probably
maintain it for a few decades more by
their palliatives and retard the advent
of the co-operative commonwealth. The
only position for the Socialist members
In the House to take meanwhile was to
do what they could to relieve the burdens of the workingman by protecting
life and limb and shortening the hours
of labor. For the past two years
whenever they had introduced a reform, the Liberal Party ln the House
had lined up to vote against lt. When
the Eight-Hour Bill for smelters came
up Mr. McBride got up like a man and
voted straight against tt, but Mr. Maedonald, the Liberal Leader, professed
the profoundest sympathy for the poor
working men, but when It came to a
division took up his hat and sneaked
out and shirked the vote. With which
would they prefer to deal, an open enemy or a foe of that kind?
The speaker went on to say that you
could not reform capital, and Instanced
Australia, where the effort*? of e Labor
Government had succeeded in driving
capital out of the country, and coin-
in the last session when the absence of
their vote could have defeated the Government. They had not voted on want
of confidence motions because the Government had failed to provide subsidies for railways, because they were
only there to deal with matters that affected the workingmen of this Province. They had, however, voted
against the Government grant to the
Militia because the wage earners had a
standing objection to militia. But the
Liberals were not better than the Go%'-
ernment in that respect because when
that vote was taken it was found that
there were only four men in the House
who had the courage to vote against it.
Speaking of his intended resolution
of sympathy with the Russians Mr.
Hawthornthwaite said that he was a
Britisher brought up under the Union
Jack and taught solemnly to believe
that they alone were the salt of the
earth and-to despise all foreigners accordingly. Yet these Russians whom
they had been taught to despise had
lisen ln their struggle for freedom, and
unarmed, nave with sticks and stones,
had bared their breasts to the bayonets
of the Cossacks without fear. (Applause).
Mr. Hawthornthwaite then dealt at
some length on the merits of the different measures he proposed "to bring
before the House. Apropos of the
Bill to compel Joint Stock Companies
By Br. W. J. Curry.
CHILLIWACK, B.C., Dec. 12.— A
branch of the Canadian Socialist
Party has just been organized here,
and from now on, you may expect to
hear of some energetic work for socialism being done in this locality.
Ihis Local proposes holding weekly meetings, open to the public, and
will 'soon open a reading room for
the members.
An interesting time is promised
any who care to debate the subject
of Socialism from a Capitalist, Prohibition, Single Tax, or any other
point ol view.
As we are all units of this social
organism, it is tho duty of every intelligent man and woman to take an
active interest in all the great ifucs-
tions of the day, and it is. indeed,
time the public began to understand
something of the laws and motive
powers of social development.
Frenzied finance and life insurance
—the recent exposures by our Law-
sons, Russels and Tarbells—threw a
light on tho business methods of
some "leading men of the day," and
the exercises in the recent elections
in New York and other cities show
us just how effectively legislation is
protecting    the   public from its
showing their expenditures and profits
he said lhat when the Eight-Hour Bill
for smelters was before the House at
the lost session deputations came there
saying that if the Bill was passed they
would be obliged to close down, and
yet only lately the Granby Smelter had
paid enormous dividends. He said he
proposed to establish public slaughterhouses under Government inspection
because the people of British Columbia
were at present being poisoned by the
meat they ate. Thousands of pigs and
cattle were killed every year suffering
from contagious diseases and they were
compelled to eat them without knowing
It. "Don't you think I want this
changed altogether for your good."
added the speaker, "not a bit of It. I
don't want to be poisoned myself."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite added that still
If all these measures were passed lt
would amount to nothing as compared
with the grand object for which the
Socialists were fighting. He pooh-
poohed the attempt to form a great Industrial Party and organise a general
strike. There were only two ways
that he knew of obtaining industrial
freedom and that was
If the call to arms should be necessary
he would respond to It as readily as
any man, but for the sake of humanity
and aa long as they had the ballot and
could obtain emancipation by peaceful
methods that alone was the weapon
they should use.
They had seen It hinted In the capitalist press that at the close of the
coming session they were to have another election ln the Province. He did
not know whether It was true, but If
lt was they would welcome again the
challenge to battle. He wa* satisfied
that the result would be that the representation of the Labor classes in
British Columbia had doubled, tripled
and quadrupled Its present standing ln
the Local House.
"Therefore, I say, Dick McBride,
bring on your fight," concluded the,
speaker, "for the sooner they learn how
this movement Is going forward the
better It will be for us all." At the
end of hlf« oration Mr. . Hawthornthwaite sat down amid a storm of applause.
greatest thieves'and anarchists
As Socialists, however, we know
that to go into holy hysterics over
a display of extra fine business ability in dividing up the swag, when
the whole system of capitalist production is biased on the legalized
robbery of the producer through the
appropriation of "surplus value," is
indeed straining at a gnat and swallowing a camel.
The supporters of a system which
grows fat on usury, i.e., interest,
rent and profit, should know better
than to make such a fuss because
certain humble followers of the
"lowly Nazarine" should profit by
their foresight and experience.
What If throe 'families interested in
insurance did airpropriate thc neat
sum of eight millions in a few years'.1)
Why should people throu^ envy, hatred and rialico condemn their
Is tho servant greater than tho
master? Are not laws thc .creations
and tools of .the ruling class as they
over have boon and ever will 'be? It
certainly should not require much
intellectual Ji-rilliancy to see that
laws, moral and religious, arc today simply thoso rules of conduct
and belief which conform best with
the interests of trade and commerce;
and that even faith in things temporal or spiritual have an economic
basis nnd whether we struggle tor
things now and hire or lay-up treasures for the world of shadows the
motive power behind our efforts is
one and the same. We do what we
believe is to our interests.
A little investigation tells us that
the whole fabric of our glorious clv-
iliaation rests on that golden rule
which David Hamm applied in horse-1
trading. Under theso conditions it
is evident the philosophical socialist
does not and cannot wage war
against individuals but against principles opposed to the general welfare
of humanity.
For Lawson to talk of keeping the
trusts and insurance companies in
tho path of rcctitudo through government commissions when he tells
us that corporations buy whole legislatures and courts like sausages,
shows us that these are simply,committees appointed and paid by thc
heavy-weight traders and grafters to
look after their political and legal
Interests. 1 is enough to make one
doubt his sanity or ojuestlon his sincerity.
Tp prevent crime and corruption.
w» must remove lheir cause. It
should be clear to all that corpora-
♦«■—»    corrupt government  officials,
and rob tho workers through their
ownership of tho property in tho
means of wealth production.
It is ovident if tho railroads, factories, mills and other utilities necessary for wealth production were
collectively owned there could be no
trusts or corporations to bribe officials and exploit the producer. If uu-
d«r co-onerattve production a man
should steal public property, he
would be stealing, from everyone
eluding himself. B
If. under Socialism a man was seen'
to possess more than a person could
reasonably produce, people would at
onco know that some one had been
fool enough to give away what he
himself needed, or else that they had
convicted a thief who had stolon
from every man, woman and vhiVd in
tlie commonwealth. Under Socialism it will pay better to lie honest
and the law will be the protector of
all. while today it Is simply the tool
of our greatest criminals.
It is Impossible to gain any correct knowledge of modern Sciialism
from,tho daily press and current literature. Tho great majority of our
teachers, preachers, editors and authors arc muzzled by 'ho capitalist
class because that class holds their
purse strings.
Because of reasons before glvi-n,
the great majority of those are honestly opposed to Socialism, but
should one. whoso vision is not ot>-
scured bv his economic Interests be
rush enough to take the lid oil anv
of our conventional cess-pools and
show what it contained, he would
soon find himself hi-^i and dry on thi/
reefs of flnnnrinl distress.
The law of self-preservation dominates ull others and it is now driving the proletariat to the ranks of
Socialism by thousands. Capitalism
is getting so many hard jolts from
the Socialist I'arty of Germany, Australia. France and other parts, that
it is kept busy devising ways and
means of kef-ping in the saddle a little lonjrer. lt is a fine stroke of |Ai-
siness to divert, public attention by
the fencing exhibitions of its political retainers, but its trump cards ar*«
tlje suppression of facts of its own
crimes and corruptions and tho slan
der of Socialism, and in keeping ths
masses of population in a state ot
servitude and ignorance where they
have neither time nor opportunity to1
learn anything regarding tho onlv
means for their emancipation.
Another method prolonging its existence is in filling people up with
its skim-milk literature with the imaginary or real details of its battles, murders, scandals and exploitations, and by doping them with
mouldy metaphysics and then inflate
ing them with advertisers' hot-air
until they arc so mentally gorged
and dyspeptic that even the su-rges-
tion of their taking anything whole
some nauseates them.
Ihe attention of many who do
possess enough leisure, energy and
ideal ty to 1-e of use is directed from
live issues to reform movements th«t
never can reform, or to ecstatic i
dreams of mansions in the sky when
they might help to build some decent
homes here.
Others arc absorbed in sending to
the heathen the "glad tidings" of
an imaginary hell und so prepure him
for tho real thing which civilization
lands him in later on.
Much of our so-called education Is
intended to keep us in the tomtus and
grave-yards of tho past_#anid dead
and dying things wheiS our place is
out in the wide world teaming with
light nnd life and throbbing with gi
gantic forces that never wearv. and
are only waiting to do our bidding
Our education has not developed
our critical faculties and we are unable to reason correctly. If thia
were not so. we would know tho ab
surdity of judging Socialism from
the products of tho paid agents of
its sworn enemies.
The very fact that Socialism is no",
popular under a Capitalist regime
is prima fade evidence that it is the
one great force today working lor
Socialism is not popular even in
England, although the Countess of
Warwick is among its recent converts. But wo must remember however, that Carlisle has left wordlthnt
the people of England are "mostly
fools." and certainly th.y are not
wise who support a system which
breeds so many parasites and paupers and which has now led over ten
million British subjects to tho verge
of acute famine.
^Concluded in  Next Issue.)
His internal injuries aro m, ,k„,, ...
it is believed he will no*°,£■ ^
Chicago, Dec. 5.-FiftelT  «'
burned last night by an LIT*, W6r«
the ^t^at&^Htr^^t
plant,  three of who,,, ,,,„ .gjj
Omaha. Neb.  Dec. 5 -r,.n
^JW-iP* dev™ *a?n gg
ed in the wreck of the OvJ^T^
ited on the Union Parifi,   *.nd L"n-
ees and eight passenger,";"***
- '" **- k of the Ov,     9
nion Pacific   flv*. „,
west of Rock Springs, w"y,,   ,**■
Toronto.  Dec.  5.-A mulatto
ed Fred.  Howard, driver for m^'
& Forsyth,     was   fatally %»*»
Howard had.,
Tuesday   evening.
load of lumber and was
team down hill when he 2
roll     o*..;l;„..  «.*..   i .       "■■I'Peu
       _    K^Hhi,
fell,  striking his head. ' yff Md
trate a wheel of lho wagon Z ,
over his chest, and, he dtad haT*
hour later. na" «
Negligee Shirts
Nit Tn Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now har»-
some of the choice ones win ^ „...,
early, and somo of the dealiu _,
cannot duplicate. If you apMrU-!
unusual styles it will int-nsai m £
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Thi Smartest Sift Hat at thi Sum
These Hats have been anthualaw.
cally received by young men froa
the very first day we brought thasn
out. Neither trouble nor eipeass
has been saved in the productloi ol
these goods, as you will chaarfullj
acknowledge  upon  examination.
III Cartava Strait
*I»I»IM»»II m
Second Hand Dealer
'            i|
Largest and cheapest stock ol
Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom  Chains.    Augers, Log-'
gors' Jacks, Etc.
We have moved Into our new
and  commodious  premises:
138 Cordova St., East
Vaacaavtr, It.
We also carry a full line ol fun*
ture. on easy payments, at prkas
that cannot be duplicated. Kind]
inspect our stock.
Cir Wiitaiaster Ave and Harrii Sfrnt |
CDrrrRQ    Practical Onl
Hand-Made Boots and Shoes to snlerls
all atyles.   Repairing preoptlj asaasp
It done.     Stock   of staple rcsdymiii
Shoes always un hand.
1451 Waalaaisalar Ave.     Haaat ram*
Five yearly sub. carets, $3.75.
See how many capitalists were
killed or maimed in the following
list, clipped from ono Issue of ono
local daily:
Marseilles. Dec. 5.— A . despatch
from Constantinople reports that the
steamer Iloicldieu, belonging to this
port, has been wrecked in tho Hos-
phorus. and that all the members,of
hor crew, numbering twenty-two, aro
believed to have been drowned.
Charlestown. W. Va.. Doc. 5.— At
Horton. on Calsin creek, yesterday,
seven coal miners were suffocatod.
Phoenix. B.C.. Dec. 5.—To-day tho
funeral of Georgo Varvisich. an Austrian employee of tho Britlim Colunw
bfia Copper Company's smelter, who
was roasted to death bylmolton slate
at tho smelter early on Mondav
morning. Ho lingered rightoem hours!
after the accident
Montreal. Dec. 5. — A' deshatch
from Atnherst Harbor, Mandalen Islands, savs that tho steamer Lunen.
Wurh is a total wreck there, and that
from ten to foairtocn men wore
Seattlo. Dec. 5.—Ono man was
killed and two men ininrcd. one possibly fatally, in an accident in the
Northern Tacific coal mines at lla-
wnsdale on Sunday mornlnn. IjOuIs
Kunce was killed: Robert Soucinskl
awl William Prince word lnlured.
Soucinskl's Iorr wero broken, and he
Buffered   several    bad scalp wounds.
155 Cordiva Strait
And have It rejuvenated1 *"* "J
lli*. Old Hats Cleanad. P'*""^
Made as Oood as New by aya
workmen and at naodsraU eoat
Elijah Leant.
Sanitary Experts.   Plumbing l»
Its branches.       Estimates fudaMMJ
Repairs, stove connections, ■»•
Nwell Itrtit. CidarCW
Mounting Large Came Heads a
III Mir It owr.^'^1
SliiBle    copies.
copies,   26 cents:
cents;   40    copies,
copies   and   over,
These  rates ""
to uny part of
United Klngd""'-
I "The Wester.
•g   (.(.nts;  {Ij
Canada ot *• ♦


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