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The Western Clarion Oct 21, 1905

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PiihlichpH in tho  Int^rpctc nf Hip Wnrkinrt ClflRC  Alnne. S      ^_ . ^ %
5    OCT8I1905   \
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, Octobfr 21, 1905.
[. . Cl(i,flfl8ratod bit literailing Accouot ot tbe Drltt ol Things in the
fr"*"' tllHd   COltlBOHt.
a^.ory of >al.or's struggles
by     Hugh O'Noil
lhe Kansas City lndepen-
,,.,. of the
Open Shop,
the  National
... iiumbe- ^
?«fflcial o'%"in    °\,
,!, v 1,1,-1 Vssoclation;
»ul ' „s most Socialists will
overstates the vic-
|Thc «ri"'r'
*■ ^"Australian woiters.   It
slum s
that   when  once    the
lheir  political   power
entirely  at     the
class.     When
■ .ir n<> long"
, nl ilu' capitalist     ^^^^^^
R   thoir political power to poa-
Eumnselves -.1 th.- means of em-
T   m ihey "ill ho Socialists.
"',,,, official  organ of a power-
Bor»nla»tlon.      It   la a straw
jch shows the capitalists of   Am-
r where they   are   likely   to     get
lat ivhi'ii American workmen wake
■nu Malcolm DonaW McEacharn,
owner and .ointalist, who de-
„,! the Commonwealth of Aus-
•j, |0 the Socialists.     He  is the
Conservative on  the   continent,
the Socialists fight without ma-
Tln-v nre under a debt of gra- i
|e to the   shipt>inK   millionaires.
the bitterest offense he suffers is
occasional reminder of that (act.
I course McEacharn didn't want
ialism. Ho only wanted to break
I power of the trades unions. Ile
night that their exaction hail be-
tolerable and there was some
slifuatinn for lhat -view. Strikes
■c common nnd frequently the
m of ifiuinil   was  trivial,        Hut
itrlkew were always successful
euisc thc country was being flood-
»ith Hrjtilh money, and the
te ol the iiuiiiiister was abroad in
land. The union lenders were ig-
.rant ol nil economic laws, and
y mistook lhe existing condition
one of natural prosperity. (That's
ite they made lheir mistake.)
Iil'ailiaiii kn<--\   better  than  that
knew thnt the burst would cOUlo
nvr ur Inter, and he prepared to
tail, labor mi n falling market, lie
,mt to stmish the unions and re-
it- the tn-.-l of aggressive Domo-
aiy Iroin tin' throat of capital. A
rtill victory was not what he
il He was after the whole
f He got it. iThat's where be
it- liis mistake.)
l»t all the same he was a   gnat
m    A much greater thnn Farley,
"strike breaker,"   who   is     now
rating in  Chicago.     He was     no
stnki- breaker."     He didn't     even
ak unions,     lie worked with cold
nittenco    through     four    patient
ars ami then smashed up unionism
thi- whole continent forever     and
i anil en r.
Thi- unionists were lions led by
McEacharn knew that. Time
lM tunc lhe shipping union made
manils itfinn his company, tiim' nf-
T lime hi- granted these demands,
"h smiling readiness. But day
to day he went on building togo-
r Hie units of a force to fight
"I'-s unionism that was destined to
'"'I' organized lalsor out of oxist-
1,1 The plan was colossal, but
• solid patience with which in the
ttntinie he bore the galling exact-
as "i the trades was xfuitc as great
»m then one day he loosened his
"nian nnd struck hard mid straigh
Were and struck hanl and straight',
"WW. lie chose the time of bat-
tho cause of battle, and the
"' batt,e-     'lhe  unions     chose
"ing.    They were arrogant    with
".''"•• drunk with victory.
'"'■ inns,. 0f quarrel  was childish,
' "cEacharn meant it should    be.
amerence arose between the minr-
?™Mter nnd   the   steward   of     one
«« coasting  steamers  over     tho
"IS Of n  stewardess.     The    iap-
m"  "> settle   ,h.
■"""flu. poor
tilor.    Th.
nm  t|,
t ,'.','.'.'.."n.uPo,hw 8nii»
shipowners simply sat  down on thc-.ir
hunkers and  waited.
The trades leaders organized pickets but there was nothing for them
lo do. The problem was a new one.
They couldn't solve- it. The owners
were apparently not trying to run
their ships at all. Patterson, who
owned one fleet, wrote to tlie strike
committee und in a vain of pawkj
Scotch humor offered to sell them
his ships.
Then it dawned upon the union
that thn strike hud become a lockout. The besiegers were besieged.
The weupon of cupitul was not free
lubor,  but  starvation.
Starvation won easily. Ten weeks
after tho first shot lhe unions capitulated to Ihe grim foe hunger that
before Ihein hud bowed the neck of
mnny a proud city. McEacharn had
meant to break the unions. And
they  were broken  nil  right.
Funds gone, membership decimated
courage wilted, the once great trades
unions of Australia were counted out,
The capitulation was announced in
the biggest public hull the labor
leaders could get. .lohn Hancock,
big bodied and big hearted—the finest platform man in Australia—rose]
in that hall of silent hundreds to tell
the men thai they must return to
work on the best terms they could
get. lt was the shortest nnd most
pregnant speech he ever made in his |
life. "Friends," he said, "men of
Australia, we have not been beaten,
we have lieen starved into submission.     I'nionism     is d ad,  but   unj-
(Hy Caroline A.  Lord.)
They  are  working  beneath  thc    sun,
In its red-hot blinding glare.
In the dust from the toiling team.
In the noise of the thoroughfare.
See them swing and bend, far down
to the end,
With the rhythm of the strokes they
The cords of the sinewy arms
Stand out like cable's twist;
No  blow  shall  miss  and no   stroke
shall  fail.
From the grasp of the brawny fist,
As    the    shoulder   swings when the
pick-axe rings
And the hand springs firm from the
Let the feet of tho dainty shod
Pass by on the other side,
Where the youth of tho slender back
and  limb
Stands   watching—the  listless-eyed;
While with sweat and with pain and
the long day's strain
These toil—and are satisfied.
—From October American Illustrated
The first strike inaugurated by the
Industrial  Workers of the World has
been    declared     against    tho Stogie
Makers,  of Cleveland, Ohio.     An urgent  appeal  is made for  funds,     all
same "pure and simpler**," It wli■.mid
be borne in mind, however, that this
is a    "class    conscious"  strike, and
not one of   those led by the "labor
lieutenants of  thc capitalist   class."
It  promises  to lie the most notable
strike   that  has  occurred  since     the
valiant "egg candlers," of New York
under the banner of the fearless and
indomitable S. T. and L. A., all t'tit
paralyzed  the world's commerce    by
their revolutionary  onslaught    upon
the wicked hen's egg capitalists.   All
hail to this new vanguard of the new
labor   movement     (just  like t'he old
one)  that,  "honestly officered,"   aad
fired      by    the    spirit of the "class
struggle,"   is destined  to bring    the
arrogant "stogie"  boss to his knees
and convince    him  of  the  folly     of
running   up   against   the   "buzz-saw"
of labor,    once     it ia turned in ths
right direction.     In its titanic strug-
gle with  the "stogie" capitalists   it
Should hnve at   least  the moral  sup-
/ort of each     worker on earth,   although  thirty cents would be better
than nothing.
EilMVtri to Extricate kit Hoaored tire Fraai tha Fo| aad Bog af MMdla-elut
Much energy is expended in the
British Isles over the subterfuge of
a dying middle-class, commonly spoken of as Municipal Socialism, which
Is landed to the skies by its supporters as the great panacea for 'most
of the ills afflicting society to-day.
That this scheme of Municipal Capitalism does not so readily befool the
dweller upon this side of the pond,
however, is shown from the following, taken from a letter written by
an American son to his British father:
Extract from Letter.
Receives a Gentle Teaching up at tbe Hands ef "Steneheage" Threagh the Columns ef the Winnipeg Voice.
In  the "Voice"  of  two  weeks   ago,
there appeared an "open letter" signed  VV.   II.  Marion,  Victoria B.C.,  addressed  io  Prof.  Bryce,  of Winnipeg,
which seems to me to furnish the basis for  a  few  remarks.
The   letter,   dilTu.se    enough,     would
thing can happen in a democracy and  have   Ix-en     more     intelligible  il   the
from   the   ashes   of   the   funeral    pyre   writer  hud  given     us  a  more  liberal
that the shipowners have lighted will c|uotation from the professors talk,
rise  the  phoenix  of  our  liberties."      ! in   place    or     the  odd   word  or  two.
Nobody knew  what  he meant.     It showing    more dearly  their connects doubtful    whether  he  knew     him-, tion   with  the  subject   and   occasion.
M. If.   But   it   sounded  large  and     fine, I     However,   it.   is   clear   enough      that
and   something     with  that   sort     of Mr.  Bryce denounced the principles of
sound was just  what thos.- depressed   Soatallam     us     "bad"   and  asserted
people  wanted   that   niirht. J thnt   Socialists
But  om- year later big .lohn linn-, so our comrade In Victoria
cock   too!, 'his     sent   in   Parliament—' be both surprised awl aggrieved, ami
the first   labor  member sent   in by the, is possibly  I "C so  now   through  the
first   political   labor   party   in     Aus- subsequent   rejection  of his  letter  by
tralla. ■*■'' Manitoba "Free/Press.
Vanquished  in  the Industrial    war'    I would hasten to comfort Mi
the members of the battered    trades con nnd assure him   that
unions  hud   reorganized th.-ir   forces whilom professor mad
on  a  polilic.nl  basis and sought     to   marks hen-,  where he  is pretty
atheists,"    and
seems to
tion of the attitude of the coTporate
church to socialism and judging
from the following excerpt from
"The Interior," a Presbyterian journal, the church of our professor, has
joined the Holy War already instituted   in  other quarters.
"God was not trying an incidental
experiment when He made this world
so thoroughly individualistic arid sub
have always foun
jective as men have always found it.
had      this
the same  re-
would  have luin  Bur**
Iroin the state to get  it.
That   was only  ten years ago.
win b.v tin- ballot the privileges cap-1 known, no om
Ital had denied them. Someone ills-'prised or taken (he trouble tomato
covered that where till men have reply to this fussy pedantic, ultra
votes and the bulk of men nre wage-' orthodox professor of theology, geo-
thcy     only   have  to  decide logy  and whatnot.
themselves   whut   they   want      With  a  lengthy  fore and afi  decor-
Intion to his real name, George
^^_^^^^_^^^^_^_^^_^^__ ^n(' Hryce, he bobs about town between
now they hnve -rotten nearly all they! the colleges
Wanted. Think of tt. Eleven years ty'-S rooms and
rtgo lha unions were battered, dead, "Free Cross" nt which latter place
done for. Today their direct lineal, much of his time is spent in prepar-
aucceasor owns the whole blessed com-1 ing ihat ornate and classical kow-
monwealth or Australia. I towing and adulation of everything
Ihey attacked     municipal    councils orthodox in society
first und enforced  the minimum wago downwards.    George
and  eight-hour days  on all  ol  them, authorship nnd has written a
They  attacked   the  state parliament a history of something,
next  and gained  factory     legislation seen it. but am to
and old age pensions and compulsory i good f	
arbitration.     No factory in the conn.'     ""<   n.* sti-onu- suit  of our Profes
try can now employ child labor,
bunks,   historical   socie-
the     office of    the
the    King
\spires   to
even    ^^^
1 have not
Id it haslcflcited a
leal  of merriment.
But   the  strong  suit   of  our
Hocks, not  necessarily the rock
the church  is    Built,     but
the flesh and bom- ot
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ or I sor is
work its people more than eight on which
hours per day. or pay less than the rocks geologic.
minimum wage fixed by the wages this old earth of ours, and If Mr
boards. In two of the six states the Marion had asked him how the Lau-
Labor party aro the government in rent inn and Silurian periods coinci'd-
otlice, in two others they hold the ed wilh the Mosaic cosmoigony he
balance of power, and in two others might have excited him into some
they  art!   the  direct   opposition. j surprising and interesting fonts in ex-
But  il   is  their  success  in  the com-'(Ogetics,   apologottcs   and   other   theo-
monwealth   parliament—the  national logical exercises,    in applying what
Australia! he conceives, in his learned ignorance
I to  be  the  most   odious  of epitheties
  to   socialists   he   merely   follows    thc
pledged   Socialists—dotimte   sorvxuusj mi»iui.u of his class, just ns thcolo-
l.ah'ir party.     In  Lho Rcpre-1 glons have nroleetcd an eternal hell
It is His purpose that cacn
shall stand liefore Him responsible
for itself, and destined up or down
according to the seriousness and fidelity of its own endeavors, lt is His
wny of conditioning character. And
every project of Socialism now extant would alter those conditions."
The sublime and grotesifie egotism
and presumption here expressed, are
worthy of more than passing notice.
Did some prt-Adaimite or pialeoli-
thk* moderator of assemblies stand
al the elbow chair of the Creator,
when the "all of things" wns plan-
ned, stand too, as advisor and recorder'' Bo we owe it or the knowledge of it, to some Presbyterian
polyp, that man, when evolved,
should lie socially governed by the
law of ''Devil take the hindermost?"
BO far ns such words have amy local
so far .as such words have any logical meaning.
Members and friends are reminded
that the usual fortnightly business
meetings of thn Socialist Party takes
place on Sunday next, 11 a.m., at
the Voice office.
The Socinlist goes not out of his
way to antagonize the church, nor
does he turn his back when the gage
is thrown down, lie it in either in-
sad t or fair challenge. He is usually
well enough Informed to know that
and   influence  of     the
"Now    to    come!
qsiite a large  part  of your last letter to me.     Probably because I did
not  express    my    ideas clearly,  you
have evidently  mistaken  the     whole
drift of my  argument,  antl incidentally make statements which* I    consider untenable and illogical.   I was
not contending for National   Socialism as against Municipal   Socialism.
As n matter of fact one cannot have
a   Socialist   Municipality  in  a  Capitalist Commonwealth, nor a   Socialist  Commonwealth  with  an  integral
part of     it   operating on capitalist
lines,     I  sought  rather  to    combat
the Idea    that the    so-called Public
ownership of tramways,    gas works,
etc.,  was Socialism in nny sense   of
the word.     I  would have  the   same
objection    to    the present capitalist
state of Great Britain    running     its
railways     as    I  would have to tlie
bourgeois aldermen of Glasgow  running  their   tramways,   atnd   that    is,
they are both run for the profit    of
ihe owners,  and get this profit    out
of  the  labor  of  their employees     in
precisely  the   same  manner  as     nny
group  of  capitalists   operatigg     privately.        'Tis     true    this  capitalist
state ownership may be said to   resemble   thc   Socialist   commonwealth
in external form, but so does a toadstool resemble a mushroom, yet how
very different in essence.     The working people of Great Britain who are
boosting this spurious Socialism are
liable to experience the same   effects,
in an economic sense, as if they had
literally swallowed a bushel of toadstools.    If state ownership of  industries is Socialism, then Russia is the
most Socialistic nation in   the world
and yet we know feudalism still lingers there.    Frederick the Great must
alsa have been a Socinlist, for it is
alleged   he   operated Brothels   as   a
State Industry!    Bismarck also, who
imprisoned and executed hundreds of
our comrades,  initiated a widespread
system of state ownership.    Nor can
it lie said  that   this  movement is one
of  those  steps you  mentioned  unless
it tie a step backward.     It helps to
prolong the   existence    of  the small
property owners,  who,  speaking generally, are even bitterer  in  their   antagonism    towards   thc propertyless
wage-workers'   movement   than     the
larger  exploiters  of  labor.    But you
say   this  movement    brings    shorter
hours and higher wages,  but Oils Is
merely a sop to stay the march    of
the revolutionary    movement and is
an artifice in general use for dividing
the   workers     who    would   otherwise
more speedily gain unity.    The capitalist railroads in America pat a few
necessary shape for the working-class
to run when it shall have become
awakened to a sense of its class interest. This movement Is also doing the reverse of Municipal ownership. It is killing off the middle-
"Vou also say 'a change must
come in human nature.' I suppose
you mean they must be actuated by
some philanthropic motive and get
impregnated with Home brotherly lovei
.ideas!     I am afraid these latter will
Ihardly    stand  thc wear  and tear of
Uie next few decades.     When a trade-
in-  wnat   lormcti " "'    * -■->-■	
assembly—(hat   marks  out
as a Socialistic nation.    •
In the Senate half the members arc
Socialists—definite   servants] instincts
f  thi
ns the biggest   thing their
the   interest	
church is on the side of the existing
social order, and can trace its sinis-lof thejr mol.c skillcd employees, such
ter hand through every stage of his-|as tho engineers, on the back, with
toryi;  a hand  that has shared in ev ********
dittlculty—as     he
man—discharged     the
union  demanded his re.
McF-uchnrn,  knowing
reply  would be,  offered  to
__.,,,,,,__...,..     The   tin-
demanded reinstatement on tho
"' *»ip.   McEacharn in very cour-
",s terms    pointed out that that
's ""Possible.     Then thi- nsses who
h  '"I' lions  told  him   that   unless
. "-".statement was effected wiih-
'^'•"t.v.f,,,,,. h(„irH (h,,v would ,.nn
''"«s olT nil his ships nntl   order
^"Wal strike.
ip like a nnshp McKorhnrn    un-
., *0 lim -runs.    i,....k w<vnt the re-
"at the un|„ns might strike nnd
f "'itimed.
id'1' 'rtffto was ordered. And then
followed, a battle grim nnd
Btiion after union was cnll-
"nip after ship  was laid  up.
Bontatlvos  the  Direct  Opposition arei
pledged Socialists ah-o—members   ofloased minds could invent,
the same party.    Compulsory  orbit-     But coming nearer to the    subject
ration in lubor disputes is the   law  nnd Illustrating the sociological cant
actually      operating     in  two of     the   of our professor,   I   would  here relate
legislatureI as  well  ns  I  can  from memory,    the
nforcing compel- substance of an  interview- with   the
Its-1 dally   press  which   he  gave,   some llt-
nii   returning   from     a
''n'" ftftoi
•' state was involved In the
"ntil     tho  whole  continent
Peeks ih n,-ms' In ,CNH 1httn 'oui
Iti-r ui ,1"'H °' nearly every const-*
Inl a "?""'''  w''r«' drown.    The  trade
T,,,, 1"s''"ftliu
wns  paralysed.    Four
" thousand unionists were Idle,
,f Mel-
Labor party
-mil      ''  "mn °' 'hem wns drawing
I "inn ui ', A,NO "wry unemployed
iiuior,, ""k'''1 m,i becoming a free
from ti W"H pni<1 a weekly allowance
'"aiinin" "?"*''»■ *»nd to prevent re-
Itni "hips,
Pip,,,..!       Shipowners'     Union  that.
states and  the    national
has  passed   a   law
sury  arbitration   in   nny   labor
pute  that   extends  from  one stale  to
McKiiilinin. the Lord Mayor
botirne, the mun who smashed1 unionism, was defeated Inst year by n lnbor candidate In tha contest for election of ii member of the House of
Twelve yenrs ago in
there were two parties, the l-'reetrni
ers and the Protectionists,
there is one party—th
—and the draggled remnant of another that occasionally totters helplessly before a tirftd public and tries
to get itself taken seriously ns the
anti-Socialist party. But it has no
power, it never hud a policy, nnd its
friends nre ashulmed to recognize it
In the daylight. Some dny a innn
mny arise in Australia who will evolve n policy big enough to cover
ntifi-liibor party and those
who. at present remain ou
so far n" the
sent   word   o.   ....       ,. ■—__
'■itinteil   all   this
n trv , ha,) organized didn't ev-
iW '" '''111011 the ships. The land
Wtu, ,1""'! inched its limit, trnde
*rvi's 1 ,'nK' v»ry Inrgo coal re-
'"I'l i,,,.1., Uoi"n '"M «P. thO funds
ktioi*■„' m,"''Hhip of tho unions were
10 n dollar and a man,    The
^^^^^^   (side,   but
writer knows he httsn't
  his coming,
gentleman who procip
otinlry has soiikIiI  his coun-
tho   tiresome  seclusion
And   the
on  the
try  sent
of n friendless man,
The  writer  points  no   moral
,.(| (he suggestion thnt So-
roming force in Am-
troateti with derision
he hits hent
liulisni  was n
„ v he worth thinking over. Ito-
l Manhood smTn.er p««% J
America, and tho gront, nig bulk „i
Amerlcops arc wage earners,
Chicago Socialist.
too   —
lie   time  ago ^^	
meeting ol geologists In the enst.
With that 1 onsei/ii'titiul gush characteristic of the man he related first,
how     much     he  had  enjoyed  himself
owing to the fact  thnt the i'arty con-,
sisted wholly of "cultured persons."
The  mooting lusted over  Sunday nnd
osl   facet inusly  he  remarks     thnt
of     these  "cultured"   scientists
hnve  been   "mntei inlists"     1k--
they     with   hammers   geologic,
specimen-hunting on ihe    Snb-
dny,  apparently  without    nny
or    reproof     from      T'nrson
Bryce,     who     was  evidently  present,
ly  ns    gentlemen    and  geologist.
tho    "divine,"    wns  for  the
time lieing.  hung up in  the theological  hulls,  or his study  in   Winnipeg.
Tho iliiTereiiie between the tonus   applied  to "cultured   persons"   and   to
socialists,   mostly   working  men.  and
his diplomatic toleration, even, enjoyment     of     the  society  of  "cultured"
[materialists    plainly    portrays    the
man nnd in ,-t general  wny his class.
Here,    on     his  own    ground,     Mr.
Bryce   adroitly     keeps     clear   of   tho
tough   points   In   sociology   which  affect  the working class, nnd in n gen-
ernl   wny  swims  serenely  in his  own
liltle   upper-crust   eitiptryrenn.      This
makes me wonder a little what could
have drawn  him  out   to the     extent
(pioted b.v Mr. Mnrco/i.
However, it is of smnll conscience
whnt has ivihed the bristles of our
gnlf-complaeent pe nnt. fn nn incident nl wny it  raises  the general rfucs-
ery despotism, nnd exists today as
one of the most potent tools of autocracy and plutocracy. 1 say this
not overlooking many worthy exceptions nmong churchmen, but as having always tn view the social aims
und policy ol the corporate church in
general. The church sanctioned and
Supported, as it is in the main,
ihe classes, who In their turn
hy the exploitation of labor, instinctively dreads and o|ipo»*s any
organic change in the structure of
society, and especially the demoralisation of it contemplated by Socialists. But in the end its hand
will prove as feeble as its policy iu
ignoble. How feobje it is today in
the improvement of the physical conditions of the mass or in arresting
the moral degeneration of the class
is proved beyond all ipiestion by the.
world-wide poverty of the worker;
the universal increase of vice, crime,
prostitution, insanity, suicide and
Ihemad, ignoble strife for the booty
plundered from the working class, increasingly exhibited by politicians,
financiers and the predatory class in
general. Society ls today called
Christian, according to ecclesiastical
classification, anil the social atmosphere might logically be expected to
supply every incentive to virtue antl
nobility, but does it? Is not social
life of today more of a greedy sweltering scramble for mere physical existence on one hnnd, and plunder on
the other? Are not social incentives today mean, jingoistic and ut-
terably ignoble? The Socialist
thinks (hey nre nnd sets ottit to uproot the system that supplies them.
Little wonder that Socialists are
mostly outside tho churches. There
is, however, much truth In our professor.s stigma, when he says that
"Socialism is bod," lt is bad indeed
for tho system to which It Is opposed; bod, too, for a church claiming
to be the guide of life and which
stnntls convicted by history of thot
lmsest of nil Infidelities, In thnt lt
has forged and blessed the fetters of
Iwith physical and intellectual slavery. Under the cloak of loyalty to
God it has bean false to Man.
wages above the average,  and gouge
the  difference  out  of  their trackmen
and  thus succeed in pitting one section of tho working-class against the
other.     Then  again,  wages  are     already   near    the    starvation    point
when  the  bourgeois  aldermen voluntarily     raise     them.     The  Winnipeg
ijorporation     raised     their   laborers'
wages a lew years ago 21 cc*nts per
hour,  but  it was a strictly business
proposition,     as the aldermen     sold
who favored it, because as they   alleged they would then not have    to
distribute poor relief to the same extent.     In past times,  when any ruling class has been threatened with a
movement   of  the subje-ct  class   they
have initiated  reforms  the  not  effect
and intention of which hns been    to
lull   the popular clamour  and     keep
themselves in tho saddle for a -longer
period.   And so it is with this   "step"
of Municipal ownership, and its shorter hours and higher wages. A "step"
which  is  genuinely    a  stop,  is     the
growth of the Trust in America.    This
movement is undoubtedly making for
progress   as   it   is centralizing   and
union goes on strike for higher wages
what is the im|ielling motive? Altruism or material interests? I think
you will find thut it is their common economic interests that bind
otherwise warring units together to
achieve a common purpose, though
there may be incidentally a lot of
surface sentiment vapored into the
air at thc same time. As to the
working-class becoming more unselfish, why they ore too unselfish as it
is. According to U. S. statistics,
they give up four-fifths of the. total
wealth they produce and their only
anxiety seems to be lest anyone
thou Id prevent them from so doing.
The fact Is they need a little more
knowledge of the process by which
they are skinned. The question ol
morality does not need to enter. No
one at this day would think of in-
tpiiring into the character of a chattel-slave before deciding the Question of his right to free himself from
bondage. Why, then, this question
of the morals of the modern wage-
slave? At least the'.v are as 01 al
as their so-called betters. If they
spend their wealth in an occasional
debauch they only spend their own.
As much cannot be said for their
masters. The working class are nior
al enough to accomplish the Revolution when the clock of time
strikes the hour for action.
"I    also     think,    you are in error
when you speak of the French Revolution as being a workers' movement
I   have  read   Carlyle's   History,    besides others, ond they are a unit   in
declaring it the final  blow the iiemr-
geois gave to Feudalism.    The working-class did not move  politically  in
France    until    '71,  when thi*    bourgeois,   under  Theirs,    drowned    their
rebellion in a sea of blood.   The responsibility for, and the cause of, the
excesses you  mention  belong to    the
Feudal     lords    for     their oppressive
rule.    As   to whether the Social He-
volution    shall  be  likewise,   depends
on the attitude of the present ruling
class.     If they are as brutal  and as
pig-headed  as   the  present  autocracy
of  Russia,  why they   will  travel heavenward by  the same  route,  and     I
for one.  would not  be  averse,  under
similar     circumstances,     to    helping
thetu  thither.     As  to  "thrift    being
needed in our working men and   women,"   it you     mean  living cheaper,
why that means towing to the inexoe.
able competition for jobs everywhere
existent)  lower wages,      and    lower
wages means less demands for goods,
and that means over-production, and
that  in  turn  means    unemployment,
and so on, nd infinitum round the .vic-i
ions circle of social  misery.    1  practice thrift because I am compelled to
but I don't like it and should    not
recommend it to my friends. 1 should
like to wear more and better clothes,
eat more and better food,  live in a
better  house,   smoke  Havana   cigars
and drink a little wine, send the children  to  the seaside in  the   summer,
visit in California in tlie winter, etc.,
etc., and I think also, that 1 and the
class to which I belong have a better  right  to  those  things than     do
the parasites and loafers who    now
enjoy them.     As to the moneyed interests  doing anything  to   help   towards  the  Commonwealth,  ns     well
expect a convention of wolves to forswear mutton, and pass a resolution
favoring vegetarianism and the "simple lift."     As a class,  they will fight
to the last ditch for every shred   of
privilege  thoy   now  possess.   In  spito
of   what   the  parsons   say,   'There   is
no help from above.'     No individual
or group     of    Individuals ever held
power over others  and did not abuse
it.   The working class must, win their
own Salvation or die damned.   Happily,  in spite  of  the  artifice of   the
enemy,    they    are   awakening to    a
systematizing   industry   in  just     the'sense of this necessity.
Just as soon as this new process
is introduced into Vancouver, we
shall cut the wages of the Western
Clarion employees accordingly. We
are even now quite certain that the
scale of wages Is too high, and when
the slaves can buy the same amount
of bread for less money, we shall foe-
come positive of it.
Tho so-called conspirators in the
Operations bnRed upon the recent
leaks in the United States Government cotton crop reports, aro said
to have cleared up the neat sum of
$300,000, as a reward for their
."thrift," industry atnd enterprise.
The Portland Oregonian speaks ot
this as the "profits of fraud." While
having no disposition to nppear unduly curious, wo would like to know
if profit was ever made by any other
process than thnt of fraud? It rather apiienrs to us that tho profit of
one, is obtained as n result of fraud
practiced  upon  another,   or  others.
G. E. Cunltffe, a clerk in the employ of the Adams Express Co., and
who handled probably ? 1,000,000
yearly, recently made away with
$100,000, and has so for escaped
arrest. In view of the fact that
Cunliffo drew down the magnificent
salary of $55 per month, it is difficult to imagine what possibly use
he could have hod for the $100,000.
The Baptists of Western Washington, having declared for "pine democracy," and proclaimed "soul-liber,
t.v." assert, that many viol-iK. ns 01
these principles by coercion, cither
of organized capital or labor is a
menace to our peace and security aa
a people and a nation." All of
which is vory fine and nlso quite
startling. "Soul-liberty'' is an es-
peclalty valuable asset to he who
is held in economic bondage to capital through tho present wage system
As capital doi?s not lose anything by
Ht, It should be satisfactory all
! i
•   1
• — «-"-*» -^"ll «a|""hUi1
I «!•»*■ «   lasWaiiulinia?!,
1 in
terroira."™**"' -tAwootnrtt,iB.t.
Saturday, Oct.
• n
fc i
> fi
Ihe Western Clarion
Published every Saturday ia tba
Interests of the Working Class alone
at tha office of tha Weatern Clarion,
Flack block basement. 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B. 0.
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SATURDAY, OCT. 21,  1905.
In another column will bo found
a perhaps somewhat extravagant account of what has taken place already ln the Australian Commonwealth and more than a mere hint
as to what these events are loading
up to. In the light of present circumstances here upon this Western
Continent, Mr. O'Neil's article Is
well worth the careful jierusal of every workingman, if for no other reason than that he mny, through thc
experience of his Australian brother,
be brought to sec the pathway leading up to his deliverance from the
tils that now afflict him under, capitalisms'  galling wage-bondage.
The fate which befol the Australian
workers while  still engaged  in     the
old    struggle     to wring concessions
from    the    masters of industry,    so
graphically described by Mr.  O'Neil,
must of necessity be the fate of   the
workers of  this  or any  other  country, who persist in expending     their
energies    along such line  ol     battle
Not only that, but thc workers    of
the    United    States for instance,   a
country    \mder the rule of a    much
more     highly     developed   capitalism
than  Australia,  will  be more  spood-
It has long been accepted as a fact
that when filled with booze a person will often see things double, and
if his potations were continued long
enough might fancy that he saw
lUiings that were not within the
range of his normal vision. In the
latter case it is worthy ot note that
the things he appears to see are invariably of such a character as to
pester and annoy him, and often
times drive him to a perfect frenzy
of terror.
Another effect of "booze" is to
stimulate the loquacity of the
"boozer." In many ctuws his tongue will become loosened to a most
alarming extent which perhaps is a
wise provision of nature in order
that he may makje verbal record of
multitudinous figments, hallucinations, and phantasms that tit
through the tortous corridors of his
booze-befuddled brain cavity, thus
affording a perhaps timely warning
to otht-rs to shun the inebriating
...Hut the liquid "booze" is not the
only intoxicant that causes its victims' vision to beco-me a multiplying camera, with the added power of
conjuring forth hideous shapes and
terrifying forms. Take for instance,
the Salvation Army, or other religious zealot. When intoxicated with
ithe fervor of redemption, and his
lieatific "camera obscure" gets nicely at work, what splendid "mansions
in tho skies" rear themselves before
his delighted vision, while real estate agents in white robes beckon
him to enter and become a tenant
forever, "without money and without price." When his perfervid religious potations have been continued to the "delirium tremens" stage,
of seeing pestiferous things the petty offences of his pre-salvation hearers become magnified into the blackest of crimes.
One celebrated Englishman said of
another that he was '''intoxicated
with the exuberance of his own ver-
laneed and Irresponsible.    This   was
brought about by the arrival of   a
member of the same cult from   the
other side    of    the line,   (Bohn   by
name), and a change of moon. These
two events happening in conjunction,
proved 1 too much for their temporary
mental balance, and they "went nutty" again.    Bohn,  through the columns of the     New    York    "Weakly
Peep,"  the official organ of the sour
stomach cult,    with   the    loquacity
born of fermented Ignorance, bombastically sets forth the intense Interest
manifested   b.v the Vancouver workmen in'that "industrial" folly which
he  and  his  fellow  ignoramuses     are
so Industriously endeavoring to boost
According  to  this  worthy,   thc  "industrial mass meeting" which he addressed    in     the City Hall was   the
largest he had faced on this   coast,
thero lieing "over 1200" present. He
said certain things to "lOOO working
men" upon his leaving the city, etc.
The plain facts of  the matter  are
that,     outside    of  the mere handful
which constitute the ghost of the S.
L. P., it would be practically impossible  to  find  a hundred workamgimen
in Vancouver so ill-informed upon Uu*
labor problem as to be led away by
the unsuffcrablu nonsense promulgated by Bohn and his kind.   Tho meetings    addressed    by   Bohn upon the
streets,  were thc ordinary every-day
meetings    that    can be gathered by
any    speakur and   mpon almost any
BUta'ject,    Even less interest was manifested in tho meetings than is usually   the case  with  socialist meetings.
Every one In Vancouver knows   that
the City Hall, if [lacked to thc doors
standing room    nnd all,   will     hold
barely JL000 people.     There are   lass
than 600 chairs in the hall, and   on
the night in question there were no
more than throe-fourths of them oc-
occupied.    There  were approximately
450  people present,  and  fully     one-
forth of them either left before Bohn
finished speaking,  or as soon     after
as  they  possibly  Could.     The  meeting    was     more than an ordinarily
tame affair, Bohn's talk neither show
ing that he had any   grasp   of    tho
bosity," but whether this sort of intoxication    has    the  same effect as | jabor problem    from a revolutionary
other brands is not a matter of record. Perhaps the most interesting
specimen of all the various victims
ot the different known intoxicants, is
he, whose mental aberrations are
caused by the fermentation of his
own ignorance.' Although this specimen appears uniq\ic, it may be in appearance only, as it is    more    than
iiy and effectively "broken" vqion the   probable that the various mental ab-
wheel" of starvation, than were thein   errations  alluded  to  are  each  a    re-
Awstralinn brethren, once, the moment for sucn drastic action has come.
That the Australian workers, starv
ed into submission to their masters
in the field of industry, are plunging
into the "class struggle," a struggle
for that political supremacy that can
alone assure them the comjuest of
economic freedom, is a happy augury tor the futtire. It were idle to
assert that all of these workmen see
clearly that to which their present
line of action must lead, i.e., a workers' commonwealth in which labor
shall be free. Many among them,
no doubt, do see and understand it.
But the great bulk of them instinctively head in the right direction.
However far from clear ita its conception the present movement in Australia may Ise one who has followed
history during the past few years
cannot fail to note, that it is forging to tho front with no uncertain
strides. The tone of the Australian
labor press, and the utterances of
those high in tho councils of the
'Australian labor world, have undergone marked' advancement during recent years. For thc workingmen of
any country to clear away the capitalism fog that has for centuries
been obscuring their vision, is no
light task. In this clearing away
process that is going on in every
country under the sun, it is pleasing
to note that the Australian workers
are doing their share.
The simile, "lions led by asses,"
used by Mr. O'Neil, Is such an apt
one In describing the old method of
warfare, that even the ghost of Napoleon need take no offense. The
overwhelming numerical strength of
the workers in any country, makes
ot them veritable lions it led in the
right direction, to enable them to
use their power. It is only asses
that are competent to lead them in
tbe wrong direction. Once the fog
of capitalist production, and wage-
slavery that now confuses them, is
dissipated, these lions will bc no
longer led by asses. Thc firing line
of the "class struggle" is no place
for asses. The walls of capitalist
•Tericho will not crumble because of
their braying, be it never so loud'.
They must become lions, or get well
to tho rear. Tho lions of labor will
eventually go in the right direction,
and not wait to be led. In that
day no power at thc command of
capitalist tyranny can thwart their
purpose. As warriors of the "class
struggle" they will not be swerved
from their  purposes by the braying
suit of the same sort of fermentation,
excepting,  of course,  such  as   might
bc caused by too   liberal potations  of
good old "Scotch."  of standard and
unadulterated brand.     Be that as it
may,   however,   the •particular  specimen in  question  seems  to  be peculiarly a product of the more considerable  centers  of  population,    where
the conditions seem conducive to the
producing of a type of animal   that
can with difficulty be classified.   The
choicest specimens of  this particular
type of intoxicated creatures is to be
found  among   that  class  of  persons
upon    whom   dawns    with startling
suddenness a complete understanding
of the labor problem and everything
that in    any manner has a bearing
ui>on it.     As thc glorious vista    of
labor's emancipation   opens out   qe-
fore their delighted eyes, so eager do
they become in their desire to  realize
it, that  they begin to prepare short
cuts  to  that    co-operative commonwealth of    which they dream, where
life will  be one unceasing round    of
pleasure, nnd fish will jump from the
pond  to  thc plate already fried   for
eating.     From  tho fermentation     of
their own ignorance, soon comes that
intoxication,    or   mental   wandering,
that  expresses   Itself  in  stupenduous
lojq*'«uilty, wild and meaningless statements    and disregard for truth   and
facts.     Under  this  fermentation process it does not take long for their
mental stomach,  which,  by the way,
is  constitutionally   weak,   to  become
sufficiently bilious and sour to keep
them  in  a  chronic  ill-temper,   snapping and snarling at every one   who
dares to question their sanity.   Dur-
ing-this particularly acute stage   of
their malady they are especially dangerous,  and  would lie quite apt    to
bite their best frieods, only they never have any.
Vancouver, like other cities on this
western continent, possesses a small
but choice selection of this typo of
mental sour stomachs. They infest
the vicinity of Carrall and Cordova
streets. - Although they call themselves S.L.P., or I.W.W.'s, tho average man denominates them aa insignificant bunch of nuisances, with
a suitable adjective affixed. The Police Magistrate, however, could not
commit one of them to jail if he
were so minded without becoming a
law-breaker himself, as it is unlawful to commit a nuisance.
This delectable bunch, (if a half-
dozen or so aro entitled to the dignity of being so termed,) after some
months ot comparatively decent behaviour, have    again become unbal-
standpoint, nor sufficient command of
language to enable him to disguise
the fact of his ignorance of it. In
seeing "over 1200 men" in the hall
upon this occasion, Bohn furnishes a
splendid "horrible example" of thc
evil effects of intoxication brought
on by the fermentation of ignorance
in the mental stomach- It is even
worse than liifuid "booze," for
where the latter often makes the victim see double, the farmer caused
Bohn to see treble, This accounts
for the "over 1200."
Those familiar with the history of
the same gang in their futile efforts
to boost into prominence that abortion-of economic ignorance known as
the S. T. and L. A., from 1895
down to the present time, can not
fail to know that the same bombastic falsification is now being indulged in to boost the I. W. W., that was
resorted to while the former farce
was being played. As it failed, in
the first instance to foist an economic absurdity upon a too often credulous working class, so will it fail
in the case of this latest abortion.
Every line of Bohn's bombastic
blow about his triumphal onslaught
upon British Columbia, is a falsehood pure and simple. His lying is
however, so clumsy, that it. will probably deceive no one. The Western
Clarion gives the matter space in order, by the "horrible example" of
Bohn, to warn others against the
.condition into which they will sink
under the intoxication of fermented
Along with Bohn's falsehoods referred to alio vo, he threw into his
rej-ort a choice collection of equally
truthful accusations aimed at certain
individuals. We huve neither time,
(pace, nor inclination to bother witli
these- Life is too short and strenuous to allow of wasting time upon
every    cur that    may yelp at   your
to will afford nn outlet for vast
quantities of. this plunder, a safety-
valve will bc provided, that will, for
a time at least, prevent the explosion that must otherwise happen In
the great iron and steel producing
countries. It is but a matti'r of
time, however, when these countries
will be as completely gridironed with
railways as are the older capitalist
countries, Just how a further safety-valve Is t'o be provided, has not
yet been clearly explained, either by
(the capitalists, or their servile . retainers of the college, rostrum or
A civilization based upon the robbery of labor and the selling of the
pro.-eeds of the robbery, of necessity
depends for the continuation of its
existence upon a constantly expanding market. This means a continually enlarging market, or field of
xplottation into which the surplus
plunder, i.e., the portion that can
not be consumed ut home may be
transformed into new or additional
Capital, or means of exploitation.
Wherever such a field may bo discovered, there will lie developed the
battle-ground between thu capitalists
of thc various plundering nations of
the earth, to see which may secure
possession of the field and add it to
their previous holdings. While the
conscienccli'ss capitalist brigands of
the great commercial nations are
struggling against ench other for
possession of the rich fields of exploitation in Asia and Africa, as a
necessary part of the process, and
that upon which their success will
depend, they will mercilessly grind
the lives of the workers of their respective countries into the grist of
"surplus value," with which to flood
these new markets and effect their
As far as the workers are concerned, prosperity under capitalism is an
impossibility.    Capitalist   prosperity
means  for  the  workers  only  intense
exploitation.       Tho rapid expansion
of capital is made possible only by a
wide margin between thc cost of pro.
duction  (wages),  and the lvalue     of
the wealth produced.    As the   life of
capitalism depends upon the disposal
of  this  margin  or     "surplus value"
small  wonder that  the capitalists of
the great buccaneering nations   look
with  greedy  nnd anxious  c-yo    upon
the    few    possible     markets   of the
world, that still remain uncon|-luerod.
May they    derive all  the    satisfaction possible    out of pouring     their
plunder  into  these  Asiatic and  African  fields.     With  the enormous  productive and plundering power af Knglish,   (lerman   and   American  capitalism,   the  time  will  soon  be    reached
when these countries will be as completely  mastered  by  capital  as   Europe and America, and their satisfac-i
tion be brought to an end by an aroused and plundering working class.
It will tax the- Ingenuity of capitalists     to provide  a  safety-vulve  that
can  much  longer  forestall   an  explosion   that  will   bc  world-wide,     and
more  far-reaching  in  its consequence
than has previously occurred in   the
history of mankind.
m^r Every Local of tho Socialist
Party of Canada should run a car I
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alt. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside Block, 31!i Cambie
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Ed-
Ucational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Stroot.
1). P. MILLS, Secretary.
Box 836,  Vancouver B.  C.
Union Directo
When They Meel; Where
n"-y Me-t.
fayy Every I.abor Uuiou in t^m*?***'
vital to place a card under this UelT"." U»
month.    Secretaries please uote. "■*
Phoenix Trades and Labor ~FZ~,
Meets every alternate Mo«33
John Riordan, president; Wl
Brown, vice-president; p uW?1
casse sergeant-at-arms; VV Hal
bury, secretary-treasurer P nnl
108, Phoenix. B. C.       ,10'Bo
LOCAL TORONTO — Meeta 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Hat hurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. G. Oribble,
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
Phoenix     Miners'   Union    w„
W. F. M.    Meets   ever"'sSuril I
evening at 7.30 o'clock   „3
h2L »*M± Knott' wiSj
ckto 9. Barry, secretary.      'A|
The Daily Consular and Trade Report says that China, with five million square miles of territory, and a
population of four hundred million,
has only five thousand miles of railroads.
This leaves the possibilities of Vail'
road building in that Empire almost
unlimited. The same ie true in a
measure, of Africa. The expectation,
apparently, Is that both these countries will, in thc immediate future,
furnish an enormous outlet for all
classes of Iron and steel goods, and
if this Is the case it should cause a
continuance and even an Increase ln
present prosperity.
The prosperity referred to is, of
course, tho prosperity of capital.
This can only be secured by a thorough exploitation of wage-slaves nnd
the continuation of this depends solely upon the opportunity for the capitalist plunderers to dispose of their
plunder.     It the    territories referred
As soon as there are in society a
possessing class and a dispossessed
class, there exists ip that society a
constant source of collisions which
tho social organizatipn would not
long resist. If there was not a power charged with maintaining, to use
a consecruted phrase, the "established order," charged, in other words
with the protection of the economic
situation of the possessing party,
and, therefore, with the dutv of en-
miring the submission of the dispossessed party. Now, from its very
birth, this has been the role of the
An organ of conservation, the o(T-
spring of struggles between conflicting interests, conflicting because of
the antagonism of material conditions, born—as we huve seen— with
the division of society into classes,
the State has evolved with tho development of that division, i.e., in
short, with the economic relations
which form tho basis of that division; but under the various appearances it has worn, its object has remained the same because, ever since
the appearance of classes, it has always had a privileged economic situation to defend, and conflicts lo repress.
The State, therefore, for us Social-
lists, is not any social organization
whatsoever. It- is, I have said, the
public [lower of coercion created and
maintained in human societies by
their division into classes, and which
having force at its disposal, makes
laws and levies taxes.
What should be the attitude of Socialists towards tho State? This is
the question that 1 am now going to
examine and that is easy to answer
if we bear in mind that the State,
having been created by the division
of society into classes, is inevitably
maintained by that division.
As soon as it. is understood that
tho State.is not an independent organism gaving its own existence,
without regard to the interlaced economic relations of men, i/ut ls necessarily subordinate to the division
of society into classes, and in con-
Hoijuenco to 0 particular economic
situation, no parly whatever can reo-i
sonahly set, up as the Immediate
goal for its efforts, the abolition of
the State, nor tho political power
that constitute it.    The State, being
a consequence, cannot disappear
lore the disappearance of the social
conditions of which it is the necessary result.
since the disappearance af tne
the State implies the previous mollification of the social conditions, of
the economic relations, ought the. attack to be made directly upon these
relations? Let us revert to the conclusions already established, A certain economic situation tuegot classes;
as soon as thore were in the population privileged orders, ttw latter
needed means to preserve their position of vantage, to impose u|Hin all
respect for their privileges, amd hence'
the State was born. Hence, the economic situation to be transformed,
the situation wnich Iregets classes,
has its guarantee of perpetuity in
(he State. That is, in other words,
it cannot be radically affected in n
general and permanent way so long
as the State shall de-fend it against
the direct attacks that may tie mode
ii]»on  it.
In short, one can abolish the State
only after having suppressed classes,
and one cannot modify the economic-
relations of which Classes are merely
tho personification without acting
first upon the State.
The question formulated above is
solved. It is necessary to act upon
the State and not to aim at its abolition; to act upon ihe State lie-
cause this is tne only way in which
it. is possible to so adjust the conditions and relations of persons as to
bring them into harmony with the
economic evolution in progress and
thus to make possible the suppression of Classes; not to aim at present at its abolition, because it. cannot be abolished before the dlsap-
aiaarance of classes, a disappearance
that it must itself help to bring to
pass. 'lhe only practical line of
conduct for Socialists, for working-
men, is to use the customary expression, the conquest of political power, tho compiest of the State. It is]
tho more and more complete control
by them of the public powers that all
their efforts must have in view; it
is to this object that all their tactics must be devoted.
The struggle of the classes has an
economic object, but the form of this
struggle must necessarily be political; for, between the material position to be ameliorated and the accomplished amelioration, there rises
up like a barrier the power of the
State, which alone, whatever class
controls it, can give a general and
mandatory character to tho results
of tho struggle. Thc State makes
the law, and it is only by placing
oneself on the political ground that
one can succeed in participating in
tho making of law. History nnd
reason agree-In proving the truth of
this thesis: the struggle of tho "lower" classes is really effective only
when it assumes a political character.
Therefore, we must work without
ceasing to elect more ami more Socialists to office, to permeate and
saturate the Stute more and more
with Socialist ideas, until, in the
hands of the Socialist party or the
class-conscious, organised proletariat, the State with ull its powers,
and especially that of law-making,
becomes the instrument, which it is
destined to be of the economic transformation to, be accomplished. When
that transformation is completely
accomplished, there will then be, in-
stcud of persons to be constrained,
only things to lie administered, and
on that glorious day there will still
lie a social organization, but it will
no longer bo a State.
o- .—
The "Augusta Victoria" which will
run between Hamburg and New York
was launched at Stettin, on August
89. The new steamer is 700 feet
long, of 77 feet beam, and 54 foot
deep. Her gross tonnage is 25,000
tons; her displacement 42,000 tons.
Her engines are 17,200 horse-power,
and her speed 18 miles per hour. She
can accommodate 4,000 persons,
thus being the largest passenger vessel in the world.
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155 Cordova Street
And   have  It  rejuvennicii *"    A
life.   Old Hata Cleaned, Pr<**\J
Mado aa Oood as    Now   by ar I
workmen and at moderate cos,
Elijah Leant    J
United Hatters of North America
you ara buying a FUH HAT see to    M
las Union Label la sewed In "•   "    w prf
tha Genuine „_.„_ __„ 	
hM loose Ubele ln his possession an'' ("' i/m»|
one In * hat for you, do not patronize       •    ^
lobela In retell itorw ara counterfeits ..y t»
Union Label la perforated on four edgm, ■ K«*
same aa a postage stamp. Counterfeits ^ „,»
times perforated on three edges, and ■»'» „ .. •
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JOHN A. MOFFITT,  President, Orsng*. ^_
MAIITIN   LAWLOIt,    Secretary,    H  *"•
Naw York.
,erly tag mmxs olaiiqw, vnroommu it %■
[passes and the Class Struggle
From "Matt and Clan," by W. I. Client.
Interot- —— -
.„..„ ^e obvious.   Nor will
M"       few sentimentialists,
Wof lemon some-
"retallera and retailers
workmen. lt is such
(or tho basis of the
the must blissful of the so-
' .„-i.iii"-the dealers of class
'ft I.'." of economic unity
L^vlTe capital-Will hardly al-
r'jfS^So servant, and, let
4 uiiikcs, belong to tho same
1*1 division. Their diftorenceH
*"""!;„   Interest and relationship
I llUCtlon- Ba*a*aS        „ ,,,
i*V' St in reiterating the empty
™° Li "the interests of ca-jdtttl
ntbor   are identical,"  maintain
V tto «a  economic group may
tale both lioileniiaUers and rail-
gVesidvnts.       Between lawyers
liniuis   miners  and  stocWbrok.
|,';,. equal ditteroncea of   function,
■fan and rolattonship, and no tor.,
■"^ j |) bvlous facts can trans
«uch -liversitles into likenwHses.
* diltereniDS ure  the  basis     of
Jjj groupings.
fL |ia*KU«c from class to class
fmssilile umi dues actually occur,
iiiivoniw true
Eir, beco	
1« become
-ts ivhull se'S  '-^ia^aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaai
y denial ot the existence of class-
Hut one could, on like grounds,
»(lie existence of the (lerman na-
Jiun   Thousanils of  tlermnns yoar-
■ remove to  America,   while    hun-
j^ return to their fatherland. How
bed, mu thero  be such a cori>or-
Itfrti'iiiy when groups of the atoms
thlch it is alleged to be  compos-
d are*, in mi constant a movement of
Ihtegrallon     and      re-lntagration'.'
.no I'^s frontiers gnd boundaries
e n» less frantiers  and boundaries
eciusi- tins   are   traversed   by   :ndi-
,tliiak    So  ImiK  as  one  is  a  unit
U particular claaa his function, in-
ljri-!.t, economic  relation, and,  as a
ntral ihinj,', £is social standing are
(im nl the muss of his fellows; and
Inn hi- ascends or descends to antler iluss, he hus, like, Ferdinand's
ithi-r, "suffered u M'a-change," and
become,    economically, another
J The a&serters of present social unity freely ailmii thut there are gra-
(a'ions of w.'alth and diversities of
huciiiin, they admit generally that
bese arc likely to continue. Indeed,
Ih.- niirsMii.i continuance of these
{■parities tins become a fixed article
cni'd wi'ri ihe defenders of the
(emm regime. To the theological.
Almighty    willed  it;      to      the
!prolific" and nnti-thdologicnl, Nn-!
m trilled It; while to the magnates
;hu niiv.i In- uf either or neither sect,
bis niiiniiiiiiiiii.' is equally a matter
t certitude,    since they themselves
fed it,   All the tests that are hero
'fbireA tor ihe definition of an   oc-
jBomii- class are generally  admitted
lv the social   unitarians  to  be   em-
Wiled in existing conditions of Am-
ban life today.     Hut  for nil  that,
IV strain al the word "class."   It
n   dreadful    term, and must be
Bvi.liliil m   whatever cost.     And so,
lor lis orthodox definition,  they da-
Mad a statu-, fixed and inescapable,
i shut-in. and permanent as that of
Is Hindu castes.
This absolute fixity of status cun-
,ot.   ot    course,     bo shown.     For
bough Increasing   Iwrriers  hem     in
proletarian     class,   displacement
kniont: the upper orders Is   common.
phrimghiHit  the nation,  but purticu-
!my in the larger e*ntres, the nmn-
"•r u( persons who are yearly pitch-
•I headlong from the barricades af
h« earthly paradise of the possess-
»! classes into the outward world
'the proletarians is enormous. The
pensus figures on occupation tell, in
«■■-..».».......... j
while the tradesmen and manufacturers of the cities as well as the towns
not Infrequently lived ou large farms
which were thoroughly cultivated.
The change in conditions is obvious. There is an increasing specialisation of employments which devotes the overwhelming mass, for
the term of their lives, to the special kind of labor in which they em
gage in youth. Though concentration in Industry yearly forces thousands from one class to unother, the
transfer is generally on a descending
scale, and the ■ undoluded among
those who have been displaced, recognize that henceforth and to the
end their status is fixed and unchangeable, Alone; with these objective changes, there are everywhere observed increasing manifestations of class instinct, ripening here
and there into eluss consciousness ;
while class antagonisms become nunc
constant, and more determined, and
Uie class struggle which, under varying forms and wilh varying degrees
of consciousness on tin- part of Lhe
participants, has been intermittently carried on for ages, becomes ugain
more acute.
Out  of class interest  and  function,
develops class    instinct,    it   manifests itself    in like feelings and   actions   under   like  conditions   of     employment.      However   isolated     from
his class fellows the individual  may
be,  he sees,   thinks,  and  fe*cls regarding his more immediate concerns as
his class interest nnd function determine;       and  tin   color and direct ion
given by his primary interests   tinge
and  direct  his  hollefs      nnd  influence
his  actions  in     most   other   matters'.
Professor Commons has distinguish-
«d     self-interest   from   class   interest,
and  each  of  these  from  national   interest or patriotism.     The first two.
however,   though  apparently distinct,
are  readily  resolvable   Into  an     obverse and reverse of  the same thing.
Class  interest  is  but  another aspect
of self-interest,  having its bus.,    in
she same    desires    and needs.     Primarily,  the human  struggle is    one
or individual advantage.   But since
there are obvious limitations to the
IXteht   to   which   the   individual    cuil
tsscrt himself, he instinctively    d<-
.clops  the practice  of  acting  in  union with certain    of his fellows    of
ike  conditions  nml  having like needs
And ns industry becomes differentia-
ted,  and    particular groups develop
more specialized functions, the sense
of  similar interests  and  the  practice
of like functions create a more   specialised  set   ol   feelings  and   lieli.fs, ill
which all share.
In times of slavery, the general
mass of masters hold one s.-t of ideu-i
of what is right, ami what they propose to enforce, while ihe general
muss of slaves have unother set ol
standards and purposes. Under feudalism, the upper classes view matters in one way, while the vlllions
view matters in ifuite another, I'n-
der the present capitalist system,
employers of necessity agree with one
another in certain standards of action and a certain common will,
while, on the other hand, employees
as inevitably rally around a quite
different set of fe .lings and convicf
These  feelings  and  coiivictiiins    are
not temperamental;  they are not even    necessarily    reasoned,    ihey  are
the mental reflexes produced by functions and interests.     They are    not
fixed in  the menial  fibre ol  the Individual,  for the individual shifts   his
beliefs when hc passes from one class
crude wm, something of the story,   to     another.      As a mechanic,    he
In  agriculture,    thc number of ten-  views  industrial   problems     in     one
mts increased  in  the  twenty    years  light; good wages, short hours, and
aaa jsbbbi  _t,.-   -f  a  ,,„■„,,  mnn,   ilie  mutual   rogiua
tion of the Bma-lest anil prettiest details of shop work,  are to him   almost the elemental principles of a n
ligion.    Hut  when he becomes all employer,  that  which had before seem-
invsj    iii-i «l l« him just, comes often to lie rein trade Urnrded ns unjust and even grotesque,
lie hus suffered no change In moral integrity, no Impairment of judgment
yet suddenly he has found hollow and
meaningless that which before    was
almost    axiomatic,    it is his    new
interests which dominate him— now
Interests arising   out   of new methods of making n living; and il  is ul
most   inevitable   thnt   such   interests
based on such profound mills as th
maintenance     of   life,  should endow
him   wilh   new   beliefs  and  standards
of  conduct.     These  interests are  the
liasis    of his     class feeling and his
cluss attitude. maaaaaaasBSBSBBBB-aaaaaaaa
It must not bo thought, however
that because men develop class instinct and class feeling they necessarily develop class consciousness
The' consciousness af class follows
haltingly and tardily tho Instinct of
class interests. A non-union workman, for instance, ooks at tftiea-
tions  of wages  and  hours from   the
perfectly, the latter fully—have developed this consciousness of class,
and in turn strivo to awaken it in
their moro dormant brothers. The
rapidity of its growth depends largely on the nearness of the* benefits
to be gained bv its. assertion. Thus
thd union workman reaches his partial class consciousness by a sense
of the immediate benefit in wages
and conditions to be gained by collective bargaining. Tho fuller class
consciousness invo-ved in the concept of collective action by the whole
class of producers for the guining of
approximately the entire product of
their labor, is more tardily attain-
heoause    tin-    benefits  promised.
At a mass meeting ot atudenta ln
Odessa, Russia, on Oct. 13, it was
decided by a voto of 778 to 592,
against the re-opening of tho Odessa
University until thc state of seige Is
raised, and that then it should be
opened exclusively for the purpose of
a political struggle until full civil
rights bo granted to all Hussions.
Very bad students indeed.
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seem less tangible and more remote.
Hut with the increasing stress of the
class struggle, the consciousness of
class gradually awakens in the minds
of un increasing number of the participants, and 'manifests itself in a
more united and determined assertion of iheir varying claims.
The struggle of the non-possessing
against the possessing classes goes
on in ul! historic times; and the various intermediate classes are forced
by the current of circumstances now
to this and now to that alignment,
us their muteiuii Interests dictate.
Hut in all times it is the nature pi
lhe antagonism between the two ex-'
Ireme classes, based on the economic'
conditions separating them, which
■ letermines the form of the strugiile,
Ihe intermediaries acting the part
only of transient auxiliaries. In this
struggle the non-poBsessing at one
time more or less conscious and determined as the followers of Spartacus, the German peasants of the
sixteenth century, and the followers
of Wat Tyler; and at another time
unconscious of their mission and
their work and but blindly and lust inceively battling ngainst seemingly Inexorable powers, as the lower
animals strive ngainst Nature for
the means nf existence.
Hut in our day the increasing signs
of  an  awakening class  consciousness
follow closely  the     increasing    signs
of    nn     intensifying     class  struggle.
Though   large  sections   of   the  general  mass may  be for  the  time    tpiies-
cent, lulled by the illusion of social
peace  under private capital,  and ignorant  of  the- part their daily strivings in   the  workaday  world  bear in
the great  issue, yet  the conflict    l>e-
comes   more acute in  their   despite.
It hus not    Infrequently   happened,
during  lhe  various  historic    periods
working     toward     a     revolutionary
change,   that a  temporary   tfuiesevnee
of the majority has coincided   with
an   in reused  aggressiveness   of     the
minority.   Such a phenaraeudn is ob-
servulije now.    Though the multitude
slumbers  in fancied security,  looking
upon  its economic strivings and disputes as  mere unrelated incidents of
chance, tho advance guard of each of
the two  extreme classes hns  reached
a full  consciousness of  its  interests,
of the part   it  bears  in   the struggled
and a   determination    to    yield   no
point    to    its opponent.    Organization of classes and sub-classes,  under
these awakened leaders,  steadily proceeds, until  throughout  the nuliou is
observed the phenomenon of militant
tones  lined  up for nit ion.    Few  legislative   measures     of   any   economic
consequence  are proposed   that     arc-
not approved and supported by representatives of    one    class,  and   denounced   und   opposed   by   representatives  of  another.     The  blacklist opposes  the  boycott,   the  lockout     opposes the strike, martial law and the
Injunction,  in the hands of one class,
are employed ns weapons against an
antagonistic class.     Though arbitration    and     conciliation    have made
headway in preventing or postponing
labor  troubles,  an  increasing   bitterness  charactorir.es  all   the  o|x-n conflicts.     Tho ruling class—or rather, a
part  of the citizenship,  acting   under
the direct   incitement   nnd  control   of
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Purs ilmili metiers  anil tenants)    in-
Jir.;iM,|    by   47  per cent.
■•ml transportation a lilw. movement
is discernible,   Retail iiicrctiants    b>
p'ti-nil   during    th<*    last decade b.v.
K,'i i«i cent., while draymen, hacM
"Wl, nml teamsters increased by 49
w cent., packers, shippers, noftors,
Md helpers, lan per cent., arid antea-
{""• and wiles woman, 131 |«>r uant.
1,111 h the same story Is revealed   in
Un figures i,,r the other branches ot
commerce   and    industry.       In one
'"■'""'li n( manufacturing, that of ag-
ncultural     implements,   the decreaw'
!n «10 munlier of establishments ilur-
^ Uie last    decade has boon 21.4
!"'r <-.*nt.. whilt, the number ot wage-
Wicrs hns Increased bv 20 r»r cent
■■'"■ Uie B0 year period,  1850-1000,,
'™' number of establishments of this
v'"'1 declined  about  one-half,    w'hil
l™' numbor or wage.earriers lncreas
"nearly 600 per cent.    When   tho
•»' of the   Increase   ln any of the
"""-'livrnk-nH of the "middle   class
(Continued on Page Four.)
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ami . Procb»soa. The economic ol-
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) C, " 'n the earllor days of tho
tlivi, i f* waH common for nn infra to lw connected with sov-
, ' "''moinlc classes. Ho would of-
^ ne fnrmer, capitalist and trader.
time only, and expects by some wondrous transformation to become an
employer; or possibly his understanding is too narrow to entertain any
conception of classes. At uny rate,
he cannot see, or refuses to see that
his interests are bound up in those of
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We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
j; convent! in s rembled, affirm ou -
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog .am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should <u«tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs tbe product of labor.
The present ecuuemic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of Uie
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
tbe capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect snd defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production snd their control of the j
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in tbe direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property In
die means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
Tbe irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in 1
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist to hold:
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialiat Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up snd enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
x. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, (t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organisation snd management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, ss speedily
I at possible, of production for use m-
1 stead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always snd everywhere until tho
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class snd aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle tbe
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public sif sirs placed in
its hands in such a manner ss to promote the interests of the working claaa
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
'    Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote aad all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Admitted to Local	
.      I
■ t •
1, ran
-«a-aa»—aw.iBi n
'COCt 'XT. MOO 'AVim.i.iva
M  '
!»? i
Soci a I i sH* a rty of Ca aad a
J. O. MORGAN, Secretary. Vancouver, B. 0.
capitalism," that ho could only stop
placed    under arrest, und ou get-
vhut ho was
Vancouver, B.C., Oct. 17.—(Room
10, Masonic Block) Present ■— Comrades Stebbings, (chairman), Leah,
llintsu, Organizer Kingsley and thu
The minutes ot the previous meeting were read and adopted.!
The following correspondence was
dealt with'
From John Taylor, Sydney Mine,
N.S., requesting information, etc.,
as to forming a local. Received and
complied with.
From Fredericton, N.R., Local enclosing monthly report awl reporting as to organization work in the
Maritime provinces.
From Otto John, Montreal, concerning the formation of a local in
that city.   Received.
From Winnipeg Local, enclosing $2
tor stamps.     Received.
Vancouver, R.C., Oct. 17.—(Room
10, Masonic Itlock), Present,— Comrades Stebbings, (chairman), Leah,
Hintsa, Organizer- Kingsley, and . the
The minutes of the previous meeting  were read  and  adopted.
The following correspondence was
dealt  with.
From Fernie Local enclosing $4.CO
for stamps and monthly report. Received and Tiled.
From Com. Lena Morrow Lewis,
concerning her tour in the KooUnay.
Received and filed.
From Earl Prather, Penticton, enclosing SO cents for dues ns member
at large, anil usking information us
to the formation of a local. Received and complied with.
Fernie Local,   stumps     $4.00
E. Prather. stamps, .r>0
Sale of literature Ait New-Westminster        1.90
Winning local, stamps 	
A warrant was ordered draw n tor
$15.00 repayment of loan to Com.
E.  Burns.
Total     $<i.40
A   warrant  was ordered drawn   for
$15.00 for  advertising  in   the  '• Western Clarion."
Victoria, B.C., Oct.  13,  1905. I
Editor "Western Clarion:"
The first card party and dance of
the season by Victoria Local, was
held last evening at A.O.U.W. Hall,
and the attendance was good for a
starter. It was a merry crowd that
sat down for an evening's enjoyment
with the#aces, deuces, spades and
clubs, and as the evening wore on,
and the inner man and woman had
lieen refreshed wilh coffee, cakes, etc.,
adjournment was taken to the dunce
hall wnere the light fantastic was
tripped till the "wee sma' hours o'
Of course this little relaxation
from the weariness of the daily grind
must not be allowed to interfere
with the operation of the capitalist
profit mill, so, although late in retiring to our virtuous couches, we
were compelled to rise in response
to the alarm clock ami the mill-
whistle, and again undergo the
sweating process for the honor and
glory of thc- capitalist class, which
has such a tight string upon the
wage-slaves' stomach, that he dare
not disobey the call.
Our Local has relaxed its propaganda during tho summer months,
but as each individual socialist is
ever proclaiming the gospel of economic freedom, in season and out,
much effective propaganda work has
been carried In this persistent individual manner.     As the winter season
is now coming on we hope to again
unfurl the Local's colors to iho
breeze, and pursue the usual
course of rousing the "working
plug." dumfounding the passing middle-class, nnd plunling a hornet's
nest in the cainp of our real enemy—
the parasite capitalist class. More
anon.     Fra toenail v,
The regular weekly business meeting was held at the Headquarters on
Monday evening, Oct. Kith., Comrade Prilchord  presiding.
After disposing of preliminaries anil,
admitting two members, warrants
covering aggregate iex|ienses of
§118.10 were authorized.
The program committee reported
I successful meetings by Comrade Ixiw-
|is, of San Francisco, and thc sale
of a large quantity of literature,
profits of which, together with the
donations by the audiences, practical
ly covered nil expenses of advertising
and presenting the speaker, as well
as the legal expense on uccount of
the interference by Officer Deptford,
of the Vancouver police.
The financial report showed total
receipts for the week of $99.75.
We expect to present Mrs. Lewis
at the City Hall on Sunday evening,
Oct 29.
D.  P. MILLS,   Sec.
Theodore Roosevelt, President of
the United States of America, Kiog
of Hawaii and Porto Rico, and Emperor ol Colorado anil the Islands
beyond the Seas, is generally sui>-
posed to lead the "Strenuous life."
But if he hnd gone through hall the
tribulations of Arthur Morrow Lew*
is, of San Francisco, since he arrived Hi Canada a week ago, lie would
now be "hiking" for Sumas, in an
effort to get across the border uiiob-
Comrade Lewis arrived in Vancouver on Wednesday, Oct. 4th, and
spoke that evening from thc soap
box on the corner of Cordova and
Cnrral streets, amid many interrdp-
tions, which had all the earmarks of
being premediated, and chief among
which were those furnished by one of
our little Bourgeois, who displayed a
photographer's shingle a short way
up  the  street.
The C.P.R. also contributed its
quota of noise b.v running a puffing
engine back and forth on the crossings at Cordova street amd the persistent ringing of the inevitable bell.
'Ihe speaker, however, proved ns persistent as the freight train, "which
some irreverent, wag alluded to as
the Dominion Oovernment on wheels"'
and before closing sold a number of
copies of Socialist literature.
On being persistently interrupted
by a pat ticular individual who >vas
trying to hide his sinister motivba
behind the pretense of inebriety, the
lecturer finally appealed to a duly
appointed and appropriately uniformed officer of the "law," who wns visible on the outskirts of the gathering to remote the nuisance, But
his reply consisted of some sncn.ng
remarks which showed him to be
well qualified for his job -i defender
of capitalist interests.
On Thursday evening Comrade
Leuis spoke in New Westminster af-
V«r • first viewing' tho I'X'ii.iiion.
Some of the products of the « fi,
workers, "which were on exhibition
at that piece," and returned lo Vancouver that night.
Oh Friday evening, Oct. "th, the
secretary of the Local rememb-ring
that he had frequently witnessed
large crowds attending to he ■-ri--
mercial interests of various patent
medicine men, "Magic soap vendors,
and lightning calculators," at the
corner of Abbott and 'ordj a S'tf-.,
and noting also that she tttlUO locality has occasionally ser.vd us the
battle-ground between the Snlvu"-,n
Army, and the Prince of Darkness,
without intervention hy nny tlrid
parlies advised the visiting I'om-
rnde to try thnt place, nnd ll-'j innocent neap box was accordingly carried to the hallowed pnvein-nt Id
front of tho Owl drug-store nt e'ght
o'clock that evening.
Everything went all right here un
til tho speaker made some- relet til
to the movement in Germany, whid
one of the ''loyal British objects,"
who frequent our fifteen, cent restaurants and other tough places, asked
why he did not confine his remarks
to the British  Empire.
The lecturer Informed him that Socialism was as international and
world-wide as Capitalism itself, and
that we were prepared to recognize
genius, and. scientific advancement
wherever it may be found, and that
despite the fact that the rulers of
Germany are doing all they dare to
suppress the science of Sociology
and practical) advancement, the peo.
pie of that country are foremost in
those sciences. That a German was
a man, ns well as any 'Englishman,
an American, or any other descendant of tho race and that they were
even more entitled to the name than
most of the inhabitants of other
countries from tho fact that they already had eighty-one representatives
of the useful class of society in the
parliament  of  their country.
At this juncture Patrolman Deptford evidently considering it time to
show that he was a faithful servant
of the capitalist cluss, interfered
with tho meeting, informing the
speaker that he would have to desist.
Being asked for a reason, the officer informed him thut he wus obstructing the street, but on being
questioned further, seemed to lie unable to point out the exact locution of the obstruction and walked
Comrade Lewis, "who is an Englishman himself," then informed tho
bystanders that he always insisted
on whatever rights the working people were still supposed to have under the law, and added that he knew
oi no other place on this continent
where such a thing was likiely to occur, and thut jf he had to stop
speaking there that evening it would
be to go to thu local gaol.
A voice in the background then
remarked; "You can't do it in Seattle"
"Yes we can," answered the speaker, "they did try to suppress us
there, but we Wat them in the
The speaker then again took up the
thread of his discourse on Socialism,
but had not proceeded very far when
Sir Deptford again apiwarcd at his
elbow, accompanied by another officer—whom ho undoubtedly meant to
keep bei ween himself and thc comrade who carries tho "dynamite''—
and again iiifurmud h*m that he
could not speak any more. Comrade
l/iwis could not. see the proposition
from the same point of view, however, nnd informed the over-ze.iiuus
guardian of the "peace of mind    of
ting a farther assurance
formally arrested,  he stepped     down
and walked away with the officer.
Arriving at tho station, he wns
turned over 1o the tender cure of the
somewhat colebrated Mr. 0'Gradjr,
whose "overflowing sense of virtu-
ousness compelled him to express his
regrets that the prisoner had been
so foolish us to "break the law," on
hearing of which, some of the comrades, who feared that the "windjammer, "..now laying off the C.P.R.
dock might be short of an able bodied seaman, decided lo rescue him at
all hazards. On ascertaining that
there was no practical way of blowing up tho gaol without injuring thc
object of their solicitude, a more
peaceful course was adopted anil gc-
cordingly the secretary of thc Vancouver Local, "who is noted for his
meekness," was sent to negotiate for
his release, while the "explosive" element, under the command of Com-
rgde Sibble, (who had sealed orders)
kept an eye on the entrance to Bur*
rard Inlet, so as to prevent any suspicious craft  from putting to sea.
On his arrival at the station, tho
secretary could And no one in charge
case as attempting to kill the whole
who was qualified to fix the amount
of bail required in such a heinous
capitalist class, and thereby leave
no one in the country but the few
workers who, of course, would soon
sturvo to death for the want of some
one to give them a job. After the
lapse of about throe hours, however,
tho trick was turned, at the cost of
a $2 "williain," and the Comrade
brought back in triumph. On tho
next morning, Comrade Lewis moved for a remand and the case was
continued until Monday, at which
time the somewhat abbreviated
court-room was crowded to overflowing.
Officer Deptford was, naturally, the
first witness and gave all possible
evidence to substantiate his charge
which accused' the culprit of obstructing the sidewalk, while his evidence
would make it appear that he stood
on a box in the center of the street.
He was followed by Mr. Hartney,
tho other officer who figured in the
Mr. Hartney gave his evidence as
tar as ho knew in a good straight
forward manner, and then the defence had  their innings.
Not wishing to appear to take any
mean advantage, the defence also
confined themselves to two witnesses
(though many more had come to
give evidence) which comprised tho
accused himself and the secretary of
the Local, who was present when the
meeting was disturbed.
As all evidence wont to show that
tho speaker stood well out into tho
street, while the charged accused him
of obstructing the sidewalk, "His
worship" was at a1 loss to know howl
he could be found guilty under the
act, and enlarged thecaso to Tuesday, for the purpose of going more
fully into the details of the by-law,
which, instead of lieing framed so ns
to read in the ordinary "two different ways." appears to l>e capable of
three or four different interpretations
On Tuesday the Magistrate found
him guilty and assessed tho damage
caused by his infraction of the law,
at $o. This small fine was due to
the fact thnt the luw was not so badly shattered as to be put entirely out
of commission. This fine still remains unpaid. The street meetings
wero continued during the following
week, upon the opposite side of Cor-
dfoVa street, and wore unmolested by
the police or other rowdy elements.
The meeting in Sullivan's Hall on
Sunday evening, Oct. 8, was n rou-
ser. The hall was packed, and that
Comrade Lewis delivered the goods,
was evidenced in the collection taken
which amounted to over $12.
Between 800 and 700 people gathered in the City Hall on Sunday evening, Oct. 15th, to hear Comrade
l/'W is on the subject of "Socialism
and Women.'' The subject was ably-
handled, and the big audience mani-
fosted its appreciation by a collection of over S.'lfi. Between this and
lhe meeting held upon the sireet during the afternoon, over $40 worth of
literature was sold.
Take it nil round, Comrade Lewis
has probably given better satisfaction than any speaker that has vi-
sisted us for some time. The amount
of literature sold at the meetings,
and the liberal response in the matters of collections, arc good indications of the interest aroused, as well
as the fact that the seed has not
been sown upon stony ground. That,
it, will bear plentiful fruit in the future  is  certain.
Comrade Lewis is to make n short
trip on Vancouver Island, beginning
with Victoria, and thence to L-ady-
smith, Nanaimo, nml possibly Cumberland. The Vancouver comrades
arc looking forward with anticipation to n visit from Comrade I/'nn
Morrow Lewis, who is expected here
next week. It is to be hoped that
dniring her visit here, she will escape
the tribulation* that have fallen to
the lot of her husband while sojourning with us.
With calculating machines that will
tell you in ten seconds what 9,756,-
831 multiplied by 45(5,873 amounts
to, and which will extract the square
root of 687.867,001 with a tew turns
of q handle, it looks ns though tho
future accountant and mathematician would only need to be equipped
with sufficient brains to turn a
crunk. If this sort of thing keeps
on, '*brains" that have hitherto
commanded a premium will go at a
discount, just like ordinary labor-
Mr. R^ L. Borden, M.P., leader of
the Opposition in thc House of Commons, addressed the congregation inl'was tin
Glebe Presbyterian church, Ottawa,
on Sunday afternoon. He spoke of
the necessity of reverence in worship
(Continued from Page Ont
the  ruling  class—in  tho  recent
orado troubles have displayed a l«'11-
Utlity and a lawlessness in their trout.
ment ' of    Innocent and dnreslating
men.   and  even   women  ami  children,
never   before  shown   «>"   a   like    scale
in  the   United  States.     Powerful  organizations, such us'tho Citizens' Industrial  Association ol America und
the   National     Association  of  Manufacturers,      With   other   less   powerful
but quite as militant bodies,  farmed
on   purely   class   lilies,   array      themselves     against     bodies  of  organized
workmen,     while      the  latter  devote
themselves   to   the   tusk   of   strengthening their unions to the utmost and
preparing for the coining crisis.   I'ro.
fessianal   retainers,   from   their  chairs
and      their     pulpits, ally  themselves
with   the  dominant     class,   interpreting  its special  claims as      the      substance of un ethical code obligatory
upon   all   mankind,   nnd   echoing    its
demands far "free  labor"  and    the
"o|Hn      shbp";      while     the      social
"dough-faces,"  of all classes and   of
no  class,     add   their  voices   to     the
chorus  of conflicting  noises with  tlu?
cry of  "Peace!   Peace!"   when     there
is no i>ence.
Congenital   optimists,   as   well     as
other conservatives of various kinds,
are very fond  of charging social agitators    with  attempting  to  develop
classes by appealing to class hatred.
But it  is overlooked that this allego-
tian   is  in   Itself  un  acknowledgment
of  the  existence  of classes.    Without
classes there cun olivia'usly |*e no such
thing   ns   class    hat nil.      Olyviously,
moreover, this allegation refers to the
fostering  of  hatred   among  workmen
for their capitalist  masters.  By what
meuns has   been developed the    responsive hatred by  tho masters of the
men. of which such striking examples
have recently been given by the public represootatives of tho militant employers'   organizations,    is  not     disclosed.       It    should be remembered,
further, thnt with the development of
industry   in  times     of   peace,   clusses
arise  long  before   there  is  any  awakening    of     class  hatred;   and,   finally,
that   an inferior class may bo so lie-
nnimbed   by   oppression   or   so  cajoled
or     wheedled   as  to acquiesce  in  its
wrongs   nnd   to   reverence   its   oppressors.      The  reason     for  class    hatred
among normal  men  is  the  sense     of
economic exploitation,   with   its     almost   Inevitable  resultant  of n sense
of   social   inferiority.       As   the   Rev,
Mr. Love.ioy writes:
"The cause of class hatred lies in
the relation thnt one class sustains
to another. The counterpart of hatred is contempt, nnd where there is
one class in society that looks down
upon another as its inferior there
will be another class in society
which will respond lo that look with
hatred. For contempt is not passive: it is active and at the heart of
much of the injustice history has
lieen compelled to record. The men
who look upon their fellow-men as
interior, as possessing no rights worthy of respect, will seek opportunities to infringe those rights, to take
advantage of the inferior strength or
position of others, and when one
class is in a position in which it is
able to wrong another class, and
does wrong it, that other class will
hate the first."
Doubtless there are. social agitators who ure men of bitter temperaments and who make their appeal
to hatred. But bitter temperaments
are confined to no class. They are,
as a matter of fact, if one may
judge of the character of a class by
the expressions of its most eminent
representatives, quite us frequently
found in tho up|>er as in Ihe lower
divisions. Insistence u|x>n the fact
of classes, and at tempts to develop
the class coosciousness of the workers, are not. of themselves manifestations of hatred. The thing done is
a statement of fact, und 1he thing
sought, is not the perpetuation of
classes, bul their abolition. It is
only by making men aware of the unhappy truth thnt they mn lie influences to apply the remedy. As a
Socinlist writer says' in a recent.
mimhsr  of a  Western  newspaper:
"'lhe class struggle is not nn invention of the Socialists. It. is n
fnet which they discovered by a
scientific analysis of human history.
The class struggle had been raging
in hitman society thousands of years
before the Socialists discovered its
historical function and pointed it
out. So did the struggle for exist-
en.e between Iho organic nml Inorganic creation, and between the various divisions „f the organic creation, rage for uncounted ages before
Darwin formulated his definition of
it. But the first enunciation of the
cla-ss Struggle in human language
was no more a gospel of hat nil than
assertion <o! the struggle for
by Darwin, it was simply
the statement of a scientific fact in
plain scientific terms. The first Socialist   who pointed out   th
tion of all classes and of all class
struggles. This alone should lie sufficient proof to the unbiassed mind
lhat the Socialist philosophy is the
scientific foundation for a new ethics,
not a philosophy of hatred."
Tho essential first step toward future harmony is to understand the
causes of the present discord. Only
by a thorough recognition of the
character and causes of class divisions can the material factors compelling those divisions be abolished,
and the ground be prepared for a
complete and abiding social unity.
To blame thoso who |>oint out the
fact of classes and the class struggle is futile, and the passion that
prompts such blamie is as senseless
and barbaric as was that of tho
Oriental kings of old who slow tho
messengers of ill tidings.
Powell Street, Cedar Cove
WANTED: by Chicago wholesale
house, social representative for
each province in Canada. Salary
32o,oo and expenses paid weekly,
Expense money advanced. Business successful; position permanent.
No Investment required. Previous
experience not essential to engaging. Address
General Manager,  183 Lake St.
Chicago,  ill.,   U.S.A.
Mounting  Large Game Head, „ s
Taxidermist and Furdresnj,
828 Pesder St. Opp. People', Thnt-.
VAMfcOVVBR, li. C ™
Burns & Co.
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and chonpoflt stock ol
Cook Stoves in tho City.
ACCOUNTING. *.r>0 to $lO0 per
month salary assured our graduates under bond. You don't pay us
un*il you have a position. Largest
system of telegraph schools in America. Endorsed by all railway officials. OPERATORS ALWAYS
IN DEMAND. Ladies also admitted. Write for catalogue. Mouse
school of Telegraphy, Cincinnatii,
().; Buffalo, N. Y.: Atlanta, (la.;
Ia Crosse, Wis.; Texnrkana, Tex.;
San Francisco,  Cnl.
Boom  Chains,    Augor*
gors'  Jacks, Etc.
We have moved Into onr new
and  commodious  premised •
138 Cordova St., Cast
'Phone 1570       Vancouver, B. G.
Cedar Cove Meat
J.   A.
Fresh and
Salt Meats
Fish and
Every bit of our energy is being
used to make this store known as a
fair-priced drug store. We've provided the best of medicines and this
is the way our prices run:
Seamless Fountain Syringes Sl .7."
kiind    11.10
Seamless    Rubber    Glove*,    $1.75
kinds for   $1.20
Whirling  Spruv    Ladies'     Syringes,
$1.00 kinds'   |2.78
Dr. Gibson's   Kidney Cure. $1.00
bottle  86c
Syrup of    llvpophosphites,  $1.50
bottle  ,    $1.00
Emulsion   Cod   Liver  Oil,    $1.00,
bottle    70«
Ench prescription is double chucked by experts.
When any affection of the throat,
bronchinls or lungs has passed the
acute stage and still clings stubbornly, what is needed is a constitutional romody' like ours.
with Hypophosphltes,
This remedy has n specific action
on the cells and tissues of the air
passages.     It cures  the .serious    lung
troubles  that   nothing else  will  cure.
Ecfually good for all wasting diseases or lowered vital'ity from any
cause.      It     usually  helps  from    the
very start.
Two  Sizes,  50c and $1.00.
Cure Yourself.
Gonorrhoea, Oloot, Stricture, Die-
charges and Seminal Wonkness quick*-
l.v and permanently cured by Quick-
Kure,  the great   specific.
An Opportune
rime for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid nssorlnwi
.f reading matter. Try cur txxJ
xrhangc.   Return two old ln.oks ui
recfive one new one.
326 Abbott Street       Vancouver, B. Cj
Mali orders promptly ntt ended to
This   issue   i*.   \.
the   number   upon
your subscription
..  IVI.l.    If Uii
your address >ilp,
 [expires unh  ihu
number. If further copies am dcrifi
ed. renewal should bo made nt once
If care Is taken lo renew before thus
expiration of the old subscription!j|
will greatly simplify matters in Ul|
office as well us avoid nny break
receipt o! papers,
Itox Him,
Van ouver ll. f.
Prescription    ■#■>    Druggist!
58 Cordova St., opp. P. llurns & 0o.
Negligee Shirts
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive  patterns  nre now hen
some of the choice ones will bens]
early,   and   some  of  tbo a*»i|M
cannot duplicate.    If you uppreriaud
unusual styles it will into'ett yOuU|
come promptly.
Tlatiron Hats
The Smartest Solt Hat ol the Stain
These  Hats havo been entlmsiuu'
cally     received  hy  young men Ml
the very first dny we broughl theaj
out.     Neither   trouble  nor   ni***|
has been saved in tho production'
these  goods,   as you   will «>*•
acknowledge  upon examination.
110 Cordova Street
Cash Grocery
We also carry n full lino of JjJ
ture.   on  easy  paymontu,   ai  i
that  ennnot   he  duplicated,
inspect our stock.
Cor Westminster Ave and Harris SIN*
and appealed to good citlwsns tdj of"clnss'"sirubies "dVd'""o'TinlyTo
make personal sacrifice for tho sta«r« show their historical function in the
As that portion of "good citizens,"^development of society, ftnr| (o de
who   exist   by   useful   labor,   already] c,aro  ,h'-t   '■■'•'r aim   wns   the  aboll-
Facrifico their hide and  tallow, bonoj_	
nnd marrow, flesh and blood and
souls for thc capitalist state, and
that for which it stands, it is not
easy to determine what, additional sacrifice might reasonably bc expected
from them. TTow would it do to utilize Borden and the *vholc caboodle
Of capitalist politicians ns a "burnt
oftflering."    "Reverence   in   worship"
.       .     Charge*
,     .     .  -  .   . .    „    , -.    .moderate.   Our Inventor's Adviser Rent upon
is to be recommended in preference to , request. Manon&Mnrion, New York i.ifc Bids
the irreverent kind. ■•.—.—i i «»-..•..  ..^-... .
Ve solicit the business of Manufacture™,
Knfrfueers and others who realize the advisability of h.-iviui; their I'.iiriil tiusincss transacted
by K*r-ertB.   Prelimiiiaryadvice free.
Montreal; uud Washington, U.C, U.S.A.
7i?  Cordova Ht.,   next to   Harvjy'fl
There are still a number of houses within tho radius
Electric  Lighting system  that nre uslnir coal  oil  lamps,
should not, be.
of <>"r
thi'  safe
The Electric Light Is lho modern light,
convenient light, the cheap light. ONCE
I'NEI);   (hat is why we ask,  you to try It.
Call and see the Chief of   our Lighting Department
the matter over.


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