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The Western Clarion Jul 22, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
§2?Ria w
-V- AfSirV-1
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, July 22, 1905.
snbccriptlon Price
Pk* Yea*
Tke Obvtrii art Havana lldes of tba Indnitral Shield
Jtri« a"'1 rever
se sides ol  industrial
material   interests
,)ft8jjj of social  strife.     Po-
,.s are  the expression  of
•conomic   interests.     Tlvo
iinil  fer\ idness  of   politi-
iire in direct ratio to
n lht'
dial parti
inflicting •
1 campaign* t
.magnitude ol the material inter-
dverf,       I'oliti al     parties
represent  interests  within
umi  these suliordinate  In-
represented b.v "'Political
ij   inw
In*is nre
.form'' parties.
rhe economic interests represented
the   different    politicul  parties
hi-n understood  l».v  the  voters,   cn-
|e the loiter  to deposit   their  ballot- tin- candidates  of siidi  par
a-fit   lheir  own  partlcn-
|r as ii'P'i
It interests.
cialisu address  their propagan-
L ot principles to lhe working class
uurih   because   Socialism   is   tho
billies! expression   of   the   interests
the exploited   working class.     It
ithe labor of the workers, comhin-
«iih   the  multiplied   factors   of
ludi-ru civilization  in the machinery
produ. tion,   thut   produces    from
lather earth all  the  wealth of  tho
lurid.    H'1'    wealth   thus  produced
appropriated by the few   .through
viage system,   with   its corol lain, uf Hmt, Interest and Profit.
(socialists point out that these aro
Pie respectable    end   legal   methods
uhiih Labor  is despoiled of   Its
hidiut.       Ix'gal,   because   lhe  class
Li now  owns    the   means  of   pro-
liciiuii    and    distribution   of    Iho
fiiixn. necessary  to human  life n!so
vo    the   law   making   powers   nnd
Introl tin- courts;  laws  are  always
*iie and administered  in  the inlir-
of the owning class:  respcclajle,
reuse the morals of each epoch in
Istory serve only to reflect  the cco-
Jmiic Interests  of  the  master class
iiiat epoi h.
I'lht- only  1 tinsi.k-ralioii   the   work-
lass enjoys at   the hunds <if the
Uoioant .Ins-  in society  is that its
Malicrs shull be permitt.d to retain
I tlii- product of lheir  toil Kiilftcicnt
mere subsistence,  and   this i nly
eause ot the necessity  to perpetu-
Ui.-ir   Kind.     This   is   what    is
lown us "the iron  law  of wages,
l'l be present capitalist class having
l>ta:nei] possession  of  the  meuns  of
f-ulth production,     and   its   tenure
freto strengthened  by  the laws of
l« capitalist  regime,  and  the capi-
llist class iM-ing comparatively few
perlcally, thc only commodity left
the' worker  that   he  can   sell   in
ft to have  access   to   the  means
I wealth production, und which ac-
|ss thereto he must have in elder
live,  is his  laboring power.     In
(Change   for  his    laboring   powe.-,
Pich he  surrenders   unconditionally
lhe   owning   class,   he   is  given
Pg1"".   Wages    represents   only   a
►« ul tho product of his  toil;  the
Ihi-r pari the owner keeps and culls
Vu"t ."    The worker Is under the
Kuluii'   necessity   of  thus    selling
N,,ll,    because   he  has  no  other
""s of   making    a living,    and is
|w> constituted a  slave—a   "wage
Profit, er  the  surplus  product    of
workers'    toil   appropriated by
capitalist  owner, is the   unpaid
fK'S ol labor, and is that of which
worker is robbed.     The cnpital-
tlie   robber    class,    utiliwi   Uie
•Ith thus unjustly niched from the
jwlers |,y reinvestment in dividend
P»lng slinks and bonds reprcsent-
addltlonal     ownership    iff the
"I life.—land, mills, factories,
'rornls. etc., from    which interest
|.viclili-i|,  „,|,|  !•,.„(_  enabling    tliein
liv''   III idleness as social   paru-
B,|f.s ""' 1 ramps'  apothesis.
*™ winking class being numerical-
peatcr than the munlier rmpiircd
Ttne operation ol the means of pro-.
[<'°n under the methods of present
der. q vast number of   the
aro    left    deprived of   the
WS ol obtaining employment—are
PNVed „f w,,n  ,ntl j,oor privileges
■I .lnK    wage slaves.     These     are
"!  'Capital's  Reserve  Army    of
"[■''iK power being a commodl-
' and sa such, subject to the laws
I™"1 under capitalist society, the
<•'   labor In   forced down   by
titlon between the laborers   to
I'unt  where actual subsistence
Winnipeg Volci
Hns  Some  Pertinent
to Make on It.
ji„| economics are the ob-    type are/ utterly powerless.     (Or uny
other type for Hint matter.,—EU.
The axiomatic busis of socialist
philosophy is Hint in every uge the
institutions of society must conform
tn the prevailing methods of production. This is whut is known ns the
philosophy ui Material Determinism.
Tho simple tools of our forbears have
developed Into complex machines,
driven b.v steam und electricity. In
this uge. humanity is essentially Interdependent. Material hus spocial-
i/ed the labor. Of tho working Muss.
Labor, formerly functioning In the
Individual through tin- simple tool
of production, now functions In the
collectivity through tho complexity
of thut tool iie\i-iupcii into the machine, and wealth, from an indivi-
diiul product, bus become the product
of the collectivity—a social product.
In   the  days   when Hie  simple    tool
was owned by the individual worker ihe product wus his. nnd he enjoyed u measure of economic freedom.
There wns comparatively little Industrial friction, nnd "competition"
wns "The life of trnile." In this uge
the tool, which is now lhe complex
machine of socialised productivity,
hus paused out of ihe possession of
the class that uses it nnd into the
possession of the class who do not
use it; and lure is where the conflict of interest centers between tin-
workers nnd lh<- owning cluss.
This antagonism and the resultant
conflict is culled 'The ('hus Struggle," nnd this struggle is destindd ti*
grow in intensity until the ownership of the tools of production is
restored to the class thut uses them.
This change of ownership will restore harmony In tin- relations of human society, and it is necessary in
order that the Integrity of the human rati' may be preserved und its
progressive development insured.
The working class dispossessed of
the means of life in the machinery of
production are*1cnown us ihe expropriated proletariat,    Into this   class
the present middle class of society is
rapidly being forced by the same
laws that operate to dispossess the
former owners of the simpler tools
ind the resources of life. The fate of
lhe "middle • la-^s" is as absolutely
certain as the Inherence of cosmic
law  in the order of the universe.
Tin- Socialist political movement
of the working class recognizes the
interest of every worker In the
world as being essentially identical
with the interest of every other
worker. Irrespective of race, color, or
nationality, and the united interests
of the workers are opposed at every
point to 'he interests of those who
have constituted themselves the
guardians o! the present social order.
In-nce all politicul parlies not committed to the Socialist  Program.
There being no common ground of
agreement between Capitalism nnd
Socialism, the interests of each being diametrically opposed,    the    so-
inlist politicul movement takes its
stand on the platform of the class
struggle, and its mission is to educate the working class to un under-,
standing of the indontity of their interests, und to solidarity of action
nt (he ballot box, for the overthrow
of the existing social order by the
Capture of the powers of government.
The governmental powers once seized
they shnll be Utilized to replace the
present qausl-political system of capitalist Instltutlonallsm by an industrial regime in which the machinery
of production will become the collective property of tho people, and the
wealth will be produced under a sane
nnd sensible system without waste
nnd for the use of the people willing
to render ench his or her ipiotn of
socinl service, and there shall bo no
sinh thing a.s profit jn such industry
In this.  then, the Socialist  lb-public, the hour of son ice  rendered  will
used ns  the  measure of value     in
The industrial convention that has
recently been in session at Chicago
has brought out with inore plainness than heretofore the lilies of do-
inurkulion between the labor and
socialistic movements, und thoir divisions, iu the Inited Suites. The
industrial convention declared Itself
to be composed and representative
of the laliormen and Socialists who
believe In industrial combination
and not in political action for the
furtherance of the cauBo of tho worker; they would organize Industrially
so us to huve complete control of all
1 rude und commerce. Then thoro Is
the gnat body, of Socialists who
stand aloof from this movement;
they believe thut their objects must
lie achieved through the ballot box.
Moth of these bodies draw the line
clear at ihe policy of the America!*
Federation of Labor, which is ihe
premier federation oi tho continent.
The policy of this body is "organize," organize und secure better conditions; politically it would have its
members work mi tho parties nnd in
the parties, inn not against them,
consequently us a political power it
amounts to n little less than nothing at   nil.
It does not seem so far to have
struck any of the prominent
men in the American labor
movement that there nre two
ihinirs wanted, viz., Industrial intrudes union organization, nnd political organization, nnd these two
separate. It was the trades unionists of Vustralla who won the eight-
hour day, but thoy took it farther
thun the union agreement; they took
it to the statute books. The. forward steps of democracy must in- imprinted on the statute books or they
luck   permanency.—Winnipeg  Voice.
Is Calculated    to   Fool Nobody So
llndly us Himself.
Thomas W. Lawson, in a Kansas
speech, nns announced the first step
in nis remedy for the economic
wrongs if which ie lias been howling for the past year in Everybody's
Miiicu/ino. This lirst step is for the
people to sell to the "system" every
share of stock und every bond at a
high price und later on, after the
artificial price, structure collapses,
repurchase at a low figure, etc. This
seems quite feasible. In fact tit is
un easy step to take. Of course,
tin- "system" will full right into the
trni' und eagerly pick up the stocks
und bonds at fancy, prices, and when
th.- lime comes sell them back at a
loss, just to accomodate the dear
people und justify Lawson's Pretensions as a prophet. Why, to be
sure. And it is nil so plain and
easy. We shall follow Lawson's advice at once. Hut seriously, the
more we hear from this Lawson person, the more convinced we become
thu 1 be Is un exceedingly diminutive
wigglor in un extremely large and
muddy puddle, and he doesn't know
whiih way he is wiggling. While he
hns evidently observed some of the
surface phenomena of the capitalist,
.skin game, he is evidently totally
Imioranl ns to the internal mechanism from which its terrible power is
What II Accaatylished by Eltvta Days al Gabble aa Oae Knows
An open air meeting will be held
next Sunday evening, under the aus-
uices of Vancouver Local, S. P. of
!'., at the corner of Carrall and
Oordovu streets, Instead of the usual*"
indoor meeting . Comrade 11. P.
Pettipiece will odl;'. ite mi tne soep
But "Freedom of Cinlract" Wean a Sinister Look
We nn- happy to Know that slavery
was lone ago abolished in the United States. Labor is now free, but
of course it is necessary upon the
pnrt nf employers to enforce a little
discipline among the free workers
occasionally, in order to impel them
to properly conserve and enjoy their
freedom and put  it  to good use.
Some people wear shirts. Some
wear shirts made by the Troy, New-
York, firm of Cluett, Peabody & Oo.
Thut is. the firm g.-ts the credit for
making them although they are actually inadr- by the free* working
people who lead a joyous life around
the company's factory. The follow-
iiic which we clip from the Brewers'
Journal, throws a little light upon
the hilarious time the girl workers
have in the laundry department of
the company's works. It is excellent evidence to show that no shivery exists in the Pnited States today :
We  have  reported   of  the  strike  of
the starchors of tho Cluett
tt   Co.  laundry,
"Piece work prevails in these shirt
and collar manufactories, and for
any time, for whatsoever cause, thut
Is lost  tho firm is not  the loser.
"No employee is allowed to talk
with a follow worker. Prison rules
maintain and infraction of this mandate of silence means discharge.
•While clothes soil easily. White
clothing Is expensive; yet these girls
earning from four to nine dollars u
week,    were   obliged   to ' wear   white
or   suffer     dis-
and   here   are    the
dresses  throughout,
"They must account for nil work
passing through their hands, no matter who handles it after. Penalty,
one dozen lost; from r>0 cents to $1
"Failure lo mark on slip amount
of collars received. Penalty, 10
cents   fine.
"Dropping a collar on the floor
while hanging up. Penalty, docked
live dozen of work.
"For hanging collars on bars which
the cleaners failed to wash. Penalty,   docked   25  dozen,   or  $1.
"If one collar dropped from the
bars and no one knew who was
guilty. Penalty. four nearest employees were docked 10 cents ench.
"Firm experimented with a new,
cheap starch. Penalty, girls docked
for poor work nnd told to get out.
"If a 'collar was soiled from the
time it left lhe st archer until it was
ironed. Penalty, sturdier lined, no
matter who was at fault.
"Wages huve not been increased in
20 venrs.
'Laid off 70 girls while there was
plenty of work and other factories
were  doing  wink   for   Cluett.
"Firm refused to allow a committee nf employees in office to discuss
"•i ievaiices.
"Firm refused to arbitrate with
"In every singn of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress."
Thus you have your "American
Freedom nnd Liberty" demonstrated.
Tho above is much the biggest "1th
of July cannon cracker" of this
season. Wonder if its report will
havo the proper effect*
If the late Chicago convention did
nothing else it at least was instrumental in uncovering the absolute
luck of economic knowledge dpon thc
part of numerous shining lights in
the Socialist movement, who have
long deigned to shed their effulgent
glory upon the cans*' of the uncultured ond unwashed proletariat. So
fur as may be shown in such reports
of the proceedings of the convention
as have filtered through the columns
of the Socialist press, nothing occurred during its lifetime to indicate
thut those who took part in it possessed any knowledge whatsoever of
the structure of capitalist society,
and b.v what means it maintained
its brutal economic dominion over
the proletariat. In fact the entire
proceedings were calculated to prove
the aptitude of the cognomen ' of
"gnbfest," applied to the gathering
by that prince of American humorists, Samuel Gompers.
And truly it was a "gabfest," attended by the most varied and ridiculous collection of gabbers that
ever gabbed. From the befuddled
Hagerty, and the most erratic of all
known freaks, DcLeon, down to the
least gabber in the lot, they seemed
the most c onfused lot of gabbers
that ever took it upon (hemselves to
create a spectacle.
Hagerty     once    made    a  visit    to
British   Columbia and  had  no  difficulty in convincing  the most skeptical that what he knew of the revolutionary  movement   of   the  proletariat amounted  to absolutely nothing
and nn insignificant nothing at  that.
His   attitude  during   the   convention
was purely the anarchist one, an attitude  that is only   possible alongside   of   a   complete   lack   of understanding of modern industrial phenomena.     Along   with    PeLeon  he   decried political action by the workers
as  a class.     The latter  referred    to
political   action   as   the   shadow    of
economic   organization,   utterly   oblivious   of   the  fact   that  this  shadow-
was  the power  that   in  the last  an-
alvsis   protected   tho  ruling  class  In
its  control   of  economic   power    and
held  the  workers  in  leash while  the
iron    laws    of    the     labor     market
thwarted   their    purpose    and   broke
their  spirit.     A   shadow   it  may  be,
lrut  it  is  one  that   even  the limited
intelligence  of  an   infant   would  discover to possess the attribute of substantiality.     The   workers    in  every
strike of  recent  times  have felt  the
weight  of  this  shadow  in  thp  shape
of  police clubs,   the rifles of the militia,   and   the     courts'    injunctions.
Some  of   the    men   who   listened   to
the puerile twaddle    of the gabbers.
had felt it in the Colorado hull-pens.
As they did not protest against this
shadowy balderdash it  is safe to presume    they    will    need    a  few   more
similar    lessons    before tneir perceptive  faculties  will   sufficiently  devel-
ope to    enable    them  to  distinguish
between  tho substance and the shadow.
Happily the convention afforded
DeLeon nnd his following the opportunity of abandoning the pet child
of their diseased imaginations, the
S. T. & L. A. Although this creation was nearly ten years old, and
had  been   nursed     and    tended,   and
the exchange of products; machinery
will be used to lighten toll and shorten the hours of labor for ALL the
workers instead of Intensifying the
lubor und consuming the vitality of
the few for ii wage pit lance ns is nowj
done; ihe army of the unemployed i
will then have disappeared; the hopeless struggle for existence thut. obtains under the existing system will
huve ceased, and Ihcre will be guaranteed TO EVERY Ul AT AN BEING
the right to life, liberty and the realization of all the happiness that
the most favorable economic conditions can afford,
WO HP 11. MILLS, in International
Socialist Review.
Pallas.  Texas, Mar.   10.   1005.
Robbed and Wronged as their Forebears Were lor Ages
n,nv •»■ maintained,    if dlacon-
Mr*s among the    slaves    who
Put »",?n,,' ''no,lKh «o have employed s strike for "higher  wng-
eir n,   ,    '" Sttv a larger port   of
wodnct thnn their owners    nl-
(V   , L 	
«tinr,'.?', f'anital's reserve nrmy of
no orth!^   -ftM av""tt"»«> »y th,)
The class struggle is being still
fiercely wnged in Chicago. On Sunday Julv 16, B serious light occurred' between union and ndn-union
men, clubs nnd bricks being freely
used. The police finally (,u.-lled the
disturbance, aTtef mnking several nt-
rests     Later in  the day a row broke
out  in  a    ting  of   the   Mention
of Labor, on the election of oln.es.
Revolvers were drawn and tho ballot
boxes (lestroved. Michael Donnelly,
president of the Hutchors' Union was-
beaten into unconsciousness a.nd hnd
carried from the hnll by
Many others wore cut and
he mlx-up. This "noble
The modern serfdom
snnts of Franco is thc
sensational article
Paris,   by   M
of    tin-   poa-
siibjeit.  of    u
in  La Revuo,   of
Charles  lleninux,    who
says that "little' hy Mdle since the
revolution tho bourgeois, tho pflr-
chusers of the national property, und
the nobles, have again formed, licfs
which, whilo'they mny not have the
Importance of the-former ones, weigh
Heavily on tho life rtnd prosperity of
the rural sections. Whole districts
have become almost entirely tho pro-
provoment of the land, compel the
renewal of the lease, the teiienl buying otherwise to lose the adVntiros
which he has made on the land. Thus
the farmers are really as much bound
to the land ns they were two hundred years ago. When the land is
taken on leaso for a specified sum,
for example $200, it is calculated
tho total profit will be about *.">00.
However, utter deducting actual expenses for u family of four persons,
a balance may bo saved of *«>o for
the  year.     But   this is only  for   the
porty of    a single   man
with their earl a deputy in the chain-   best  yi
is the    real  condition   of I     The  hardships nre not  limited    to
tho actual  terms of lhe lease.       For
to  be
bruised in
•>* „f ".."".nnd" to he put In the waging of the class struggle
*Z ,u'lr ^contented fellow soon bring haughty Chicago capttal-
C th In ,hp f0CB of these condl-llsm to its kmees. Let the good Work
lne   unions of the-A.F-.-of L. »ga on-   	
, ,,  . rs
hers,   that
manv of our agricultural districts.   ,
M-  GenlntlX  says     thnt   the   small |example many great   land-owners are
farmer who   owns    his land is relatively prosperous, but thnt the  man
who rents his bind or works it on
shares, and these are in the great majority, is merely n serf, ns much so
phys'lcially and morally as his ancestors. In the western provinces the
domains which were purchased by
Wealthy persons four generations ago
have rioW become semi feudal estates
where lords of the manor reign in all
(heir power. The jiensants rent
(heir land from theflO men for l>er-
jods of nine nnd eighteen years, nnd
when the first lease has expired the
clauses Introduced with reference fo
clearings, improvements nnd expenditures In money and labor lot the jin-
ired      of     their
lection to the
French Parliament by the votes of
their tenants, and when the results
are not such as the landlord wishes,
he does not hesitate to expel his
tenant from his holdings. Again,
there is n well-known feudal custom
which is still in full force. This occurs during the hunt ing season, nnd
ns the right lo hunt over the land
is reserved in practically nil lenses
by the landlord, the tenants Buffer
great loss through the (lestruction of
tneir crops. The conditions of life
among the farming classes arc very
severe. The life of the farmer Is
hardly more comfortable than it was
ceii.tar.ics ago, and the total oi  hap
piness hus not increased. The food
even is thc same, with the exception
of the addition of potatoes. The intelligence of the agricultural class
hus remained stationary likm the methods of farming. On tho other
hand, the statistics of the departments of health show alargi percentage among the agricultural class of
tuberculosis cases and of epilepsy,
und great numbers of dwarfs and degenerates. "We must, . therefore,"
says H, (leniuux, "seek to liberate a
million peasants from their slavery
by instructing them and by passing
laws which will safeguard the gran
ary of France. This granary is
threatened today wilh u not unjustified exodus, since the unhappy people seek in Paris and in the large
centers comfort and greater free-
dam." .
The condition of that great army,
whicl is represented by the farm
hands, is truly deplorable. In Hri-
tnny alone- there are 680,000 farm
laborers, both men and women, who
are continually In wnnt, while any
French defiartinent contains more
than 100,000 men and women, poorly paid and working from fourteen
to sixteen hours n dny. The wages
paid, in general, nre twenty-five
cents a day for men in winter, nnd
thirty cents in summer, nnd usually
these men nre married and fathers of
two or three children. The rent
paid for the peasant cottages and
ground is rarely more thnn 88 per
year, nnd ninny farm Inborers pay-
no more thnn-93 10, $3 and $1 per
year for their houses, including n
small tract of land. The value or
these houses and ground varies between #50 and #110, hut it |8 rare
that n laborer is able to save sufficient to become the owner of his
miserable dwelling. When (he farm
hands nre not married they live on
the farm, the men receiving S.'IO to
$-10 n year and their keep. Tn general they sleep in stables, small,
poorly ventilated and filthy, and
hence aro ghastly in complexion.
coddled and cuddled by a persistent
bunch of economic old women and
wet nurses during all that time, it
was many times smaller in stature
than when it was born. In fact, it
was so constitutionally weak that
the older it grew the more faint and
pitiful its squawk: It -was only a
matter of time until its sponsors
would of necessity abandon it. and
thut the convention afforded the o|>-
portunity wns indeed a happy circumstance. Its poor emaciated little
carcass can now float away down
the sewer of time along wi(h other
similar creations thut huve not outlived their usefulness because they
never had any.
It is Interesting to note how jealously each particular head gabber
kept his lamps trimmed on the rest,
for fear his own gabbing would be
drowned in the perchance more vol-
umness gubble of the others.
in the wind-up of election of officers, it looks us though (he Hager-
ty-IieLeon type of gabbers got left.
Without the intellect of Hiese voici-
ferous gabbers to shai»c its destinies,
the new organization, it may safely
be predicted, will go upon the rocks,
it does not need much of a prophet
to foretell that it will bo upon the
rocks from the dny of its birth.
A ratification gabble is to be held
later on. This is in obedience to
the instinct, or whatever it may be,
that causes a hen to cackle after having laid an egg, no matter whether
the egg be  fertile or not.
This new  organization  will  go tlie
way of its predecessors.    Founded as
it  is upon a false -conception, or rather upon  no conception,  of capitalist economics,  and  the scat of capi-
(ulist  power,   it    will meet  with   the
same     disastrous    experiences     that
I have already  overwhelmed  the movement   of labor in the economic field,
as it  is termed.    If every worker on
earth were marshalled into one compact   organization,   nnd  each   pledged
upon  a  stack  of  Bibles  a  mile and
a  half high    to    abide  by its rules
and  regulations,     and  at  the  same
time    were to   leave untouched    the
reins  of political  power,   they would
be as utterly helpless to relieve their
distress as though they were not organized at nil.     The first step to the
attainment   of  Ihe    economic    power,
that intellectual gabblers gabble   so
much about* is  for the  workers     to
sieze   control   of  the reins of-political  power,    i.e.,    capture  the (lowers
of  government.     Probably  no   sane
lierson   on earth   believes that   this
will      be       accomplished      merely
by dropping pieces of paper in a ballot  box,  although that  pleasing performance affords a sort of means to
count noses.     No edict of the ballot
box can he exiiected to enforce itself.
It  all  resolves  itself into  a question
of   power,   nnd   if   the  proletariat   is
lo  free itself,  it must  develop (he necessary   power   to do   so,   and     there
is  bul one  way   that  power can   express Itself,    nnd    (hat is by seizing
control of the machinery of the state
and  using    such    control   to   realize
the economic  power (hat   means   the
Freedom  of  1 Abor.
Whether such a cowruest of power
is effected peacefully or otherwise, it
is, nevertheless, the political action
that must be taken by the workers
in order to open (he way of their deliverance feom the iron clutch of cap-
itolist rule, the ridiculous gabble of
Haggerty, DeLeon, and kindeed gnb-
blin" freaks to the contrary, notwithstanding. The sooner (he rank
and file of labor does a little thinking for itself and places less reliance
upon Ignorant gabblers, ami their
sillv gabble, the better for them.
The ri'nk and file of labor is nil
right. It needs but be shown the
truth to be ready to obey her mandate. I'lifortiir-' sly, however, tho
rank nnd file is .o prone to accept
without question the gabble of ignorant asses, who by assurance end
impudence have foisted themselves in
to prominence in labor councils, n
prominence that they maintain, not
because of any understanding of (he
labor problem, or of any loyalty to
labor's cause, but purely b.v virtue
of nn unscrupu.OUS exercise of plaiis-
ability and gab.
There is a fine bunch of this type
of individual in Ihe American labor
movement especinlly. that the rank
nnd file in sheer self-defence, will be
compelled to relegate to (he vory
tail end of oblivion. The Chicago
farce has brought some excellent
specimens of these gabbers Ibto rrtnin
view. In this, It has accomplished
nt least some good. They can now
be located b.v the rank nnd file and
sent where their gab can do no further mischief. Hut side of this, however, the Chicago affair will go
down in history ns the most ridiculous and Impotent fiasco that, ever
happened in  thc name of labor.
A   Hypnotist   named   McEwen   hns
been arrested nt Olyinpin for having
used the IHiteil States (Ing for advertising purposes. As national
flairs are merely (he emblems used by
nations for the purpose of advertising their respective brand of poods,
it is not easily seen in whnt way
McEwan offended, unless his hypnotism wns n bnso fo-eicn product in-
stend nf the genuine American nrH-
cle. The nmonnt of mummery nnd
flapdoodle Inrhilsred in over these bits
of buntinir tied to poles, and dubbed
flags, is enough to anoint n Hottentot's visage with the oil of gladness
nt Ihe (houirht thnt he is just a
plain, untutored, uncivilized heathen.
s- '
Uu Mm Clarion
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the Working Class alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B. C.
Strictly in Advance.
Yearly (ubacription card* tn lot* ol
tya or more, 76 cent* each.
Advertising  rat** on application.
If you r*celv* thi* paper lt 1* paid
Addr*** all communlcatloo* to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch the label ou your paper
if this number is oil it, your
subscription expires next issue.
July   22, lUOo
This pu]ier receives on occasional
well-meant note of warning from
some friend, usually located ut some
trade unio.i stronghold, uguinst Its
well-known policy of speaking the
plain, blunt facts uf the labor problem, und everything touching upon
it. The plea us a rule advanced for
proffering the warning, and udvising
the adoption of moro diplomatic
methods in presenting the facts, is
that the paper will fail to obtain
trade union support so long as it
pursues  its  present  policy.
These well-meaning persons may
rest assured of one thing, and that
is that tho Western Clarion is not
catering to any hobby, lad or idio-
syncracy in order to obtain .support.
In fact it is not in the catering business. Its purpose is to state the
facts as understood by U10 .party
who presides over thu editorial sanctum, regardless of whose toes may
be trodden on in tho process.
In regard to thu trado unioui.it,
this paper has no quarrel with him.
His movement is a logical one,
bound to spring into existeuco at a
certain period in the development
of industry, and for a certain purpose. Like any other movement it
could not go beyond tho purpose
which called it into being. There jt
must stop, and eventually give way
to some movement whose purpose
lies above und beyond it, Tho trado
unionist proper does not pretend
that his movement is other than one
for the improvement of its membership as measured by wages, hours of
labor, etc. The donkey that kicks
up ull of tho trouble, und causes all
of the bickering and strife between
trade unionists aud revolutionists
over thu kinship or otherwise of
these two movements, is the long
eared ass who professes to be both
a trade unionist and a revolutionist
at the same time, and sets himself
the task of reconciling these irreconcilable movements. This sort of a
"critter" makes it imperative that
some one shall be called upon to
speak blunt truths, and harvest a
numerous crop of disgruntled soreheads, seriously afflicted with tho
mental belly-ache.
There is nothing in tho Clarion's
attitude that could possibly disturb
any one whom nature has endowed
with reasoning fuculties. in fact it
does not disturb uny such, tt fully
expects, however, to afford but cold
comfort to those muddle-heads who
fancy trado unionism and Socialism
to bo of the same family, und their
chief mission in life to prove it by
loudly mouthing tho stock phi-uses
of both.
Tho Clarion udvocates the seizure
of the reins of public power by thu
only useful part oi human society,
by the working cluss, and tho use
of such power to effect the deliverance of that class from the economic bondage of Capital, it is not
interested in any traders or dealers
movements whether such have anything to do with labor-power or any
other commodity. However much
the publishers may bo interested in
any such movements, tho paper is
absolutely clear of them. Under no
circumstances will it cater to any
person or movement, or swerve from
the line of the Revolution, in order
to gain support or even to save its
own life.
All well-meaning friends, and also
the other kind, are cordially invited
to refrain from borrowing any trouble on our account. We are having
an excellent time, and trouble is nn
'unknown quantity with us.
However relentless thc warfare between Orits and Tories, and in spite
of the cruel and heartless manner in
which   they  slaughter  each  other  in
the legislative arena and at the hustings, when It comes down to a matter cal'ing for patriotic action of
tHe highest order, both Grit and
Tory respond to the occasion with
equal alarcity and fervor. In fad,
when their country culls to duty,
the readiness with which both oiler
themselves for sacrifice upon her alter, mul.es it impossible to distinguish between them. Under such circumstances, Grit Iook-s like Tory,
and Tory looks like Grit. They also
act so much alike that it is impossible to tell  tother from which.
Not iong since there loomed upon
Canada's horizon a surplus, a hyrira-
headed monster that threatened to
impose its terrible bulk upon the
IJoininiou against thu peace und dignity of thu King, Both Orit und
Tory upon tho Ottawa battlefield
forgot their funds and enmities in
the face of this threatened danger
to their beloved country. In the
twinkling of an eye, and almost as
one man, they laid aside the wicked
battle axes und long toms they had
boon so mercilessly using u|«on each
other, closed up the large bore cannon with which they had been throwing shells of lyddite gas und stink
pots at each other, und figuratively,
us it were, rolling up their sleeves,
they went after that threatening surplus in a way thut would muke the
famous "charge of thu light brigade '
look ,ike a Sunday school procession
in comparison. They didn't do a
thing to it, but reduce it to less
threatening proportions. In fact,
they brought it down within Uie
limits of reasonable safety, before
an ordinarily swift linguist could
ejaculate  .luck  Robinson.
Tho way -those erstwhile deadly
enemies forgot their own quarrels
and side by aide, cheeik by jowl, responded to their country's call was
indeed touching. That is, it was
touching thu surplus. The head bam-
boozler of the Lib-Dub faction received a generous slice us a slight
reward for his patriotic fervor. Tho
leading bamboozler of tho Con-Flub
taction, tho opposition as it is called, although in this cuse there was
none, also got a goodly slice for
some reason or other. As the mission of thu opposition is to put up
jofjs on thu government, (his slice
was doubtless given for the purpose
of stimulating the opposition to a
long and energetic life, thus insuring an equally long lease of life to
government, as it can ,be readily
seen that government could have no
reason for existence, without opposition. Tnerc would be no need of
it under such circumstances any
more than there would bu need of
a Sulvation Army, did no devil exist. Thu Army, although quite willing to give his Satanic Majesty rude
jolts by sudden nerve-racking thumps
on the big drum, refrains from putting him out of business altogether,
for thu reason that should it do so,
its penny graft would be destroyed
und its woodyards and other philanthropies be of no further value.
No doubt, for similar reasons the
leader of the opposition received the
reward above referred to.
Then the lesser lights along the
line came in for increased swag, politely termed indemnity, as it sounds
better to cultivated ears, that is, to
the ears of the beneficiaries. The
inmates of that asylumn for feebleminded political chromos, known as
the Senate, were not forgotten, and
neither were the habitues of the Dominion gas factory, who had acquired corns on their bYains trying to
keep their political fences in repair
so as to secure a return to the pie
counter the next time the drawing
took place. That Ralph Smith and
W. Sloan, the two members from
Vancouver Island were not in the
forefronit at the charge upon the
surplus and the parcelling out of
the dough, need not bu attributed to
cowardice. In response to their
country's call they wero engaged in
tho honorable and easy mission of
catching Alberni suckers for tho
Lib-Dub faction, without uny bait
lhe judicial fry who havs always
received too little pay for the labpri-^
ous task of grinding out "British
justice," happily came in for a raiso
of wages. This will tend to hoal
tho wounds of the British Columbia
"his lordships," whose time-honored
and ridiculous wigs were ruthlessly
stripped from their occiputs by the
irreverent hand of the B.  C.  Solons.
He who takes pains to observe th©
conduct of these pretended political
enemies, when it conies to a matter
of mutual graft will not be long in
discovering that their enmity is but
a sham. That they really stand
for the same thing, and that is tho
perpetuation of the present system
of property in tho means of wealth
production that makes of the workingman a slave while in employment
and a Pariah when he cannot secure
a master. It is almost needless at
this stage of the game to state that
just as capitalist property is a
swindle perpetrated upon the working class, so are tho various political expressions of capitalist property,'
(hey are nn  undoubted  suc-
The Colonist is, of course,
at the "slaughter." and small wonder for it. But like the proverbial
Old woman who expected to sweep
hack the tide with a broom, the
Colonist expects the railway owners
can bo made gqod by law. That is.
I hey nro to bo toned b.v law to refrain from cii.io.ving their legal rights'
ns property owners, because incidentally numerous persons nre
ish ns lo lose their lives
suffer serious injuries
tho proverbial
onist's   scheme
shams and humbugs used for the
purpose of masving the swindle from
its victims,   the  workers.
Government is the expression of
class rule, lt is the instrument
whereby the ruling class maintains
its economic dominion over the ruled
class. To rule means to rob. It
can express itsolf in no other way.
Government is tho means whereby
the robber class (capitalists) holds
its victims (workers) in subjection
to the robbery that is practiced uji-
on them in the process of wealth
production. Its control by capitalists through either thc Grits or
Tories means tho continued enslavement of Labor. Its capture by tho
men of labor means lhe end of class
rule, the ond of government as an instrument of opprosslon und the dawn
of Freedom.
Let the observer note, that just as
the capitalist world conducts its
business it also conducts the affairs
of government. Tho samo code of
morals and ethics that prevail In ono
Held prevails in the other. In other
words, government is merely a reflex
of business, lt is, like a reflection
in a mirror, exactly like the thing
it reflects. Whenever those engaged
in business see an opportunity to
make a dollar, they would bo untrue
to the traditions q-f their calling,
as well as^guilty of tt breach of business ethics if they refrained from
taking advantage of it. Tho rule
applies with equal force to capitalist representatives, and it is happily
true that as a rule they aro loyal
to their calling and take everything
of value that comes within reach, unless it is either to hot or nailed
That mediocre galaxy that so va-
laintly charged the treasury and reduced the surplus, wore genuine patriots, every one of them. Their
patriotism upon tho occasion was a
true business patriotism, and that is
the only kind that can be expressed,
or could be tolerated under the rule
of capitalist property, because it's
the only kind there is any money in.
All   hail   to   the   Ottawa   patriots.
So-long ns they remain at the helm   THE BEES,
the  stability  of  tho Dominion    will
never be seriously threatened because I     y ^^ rf ^^ ^ .^ & ^
of too  great a surplus  in  the tl"caS-|and   iavjng claim  to  the honey  and
comb   which   they   found   there,   tried
to force the Bees to quit.    The Bees,
._ Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
so fool-
or at least
Like that of
old woman, the Col-
won't work, ns there
ure causes lying behind these railway
butcheries that will require for their
removal for more drastic action than
anything that paper hns in mind, or
would stand for, just as (here causes
lying In-hind the tides more powerful  than Mrs.  Partington's broom.
Just as long 11s the means of
wealth production, such us railways,
factories, mines, etc., remain ns capitalist property, therefore functioning as capital, they will be operated
with the same reckless regard for human life as evidenced in their present  management,
This maiming and slaughtering is
due, not to the instruments used In
production, hut to the method of
their use. As long as they are used
for the purpose of producing profit
for their owners, those who gather
around them must expect to take
their own chances on getting killed
or maimed.
The only power on earth that can
put a stop to the slaughter or reduce it to a minimum is the working class. When it shall have seized
the reins of political power and otist-i
ed Ihe useless capitalist class from
its control of the means of production, and converted them into public property, Operated solely for the
use, comfort, safety and convenience
of tho people as a whole, this reckless disregard for human safety will
be brought to an end. But it will
not  be brought  to an end before.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Corumitt.ee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
of 0. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening in the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 813 Gamble street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock in the Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box 836, Vancouver, B. 0.
0. H. J.'B, Harper, secretary,
Hock  Hay Hotel,   Victoria,  B.  0.
Seigfried, secretary, P.O. box 20M,
Revelstoke, B. 0,
LOCAL NANAIMO, No. 8. Daniel
Livingstone, secretary, Hox 452,
Nannimo,   H.   C.
LOCAL VANANDA, No 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Texada
Island,  II.  C.
my.     As surplus reducers,   they   are
us good us the best, if  not butter.
of  fatal
however, made a sturdy resistance,
und the drones were not unwilling
to agree to their proposal that the
dispute should be referred for judg-
The increasing frequency of fatal I ment to the Wasp, The Wasp, pre-
railway accidegls in the United tending that it was a hard matter
States, is causing a feeling to decide, directed both parties to
of alarm throughout the Republic, make and fill some comb before the
Scarce a day passes but tho wires court, so that he might sfce whose
record some hideous catastrophe in production most resembled Uie pcq-
which scores of persons are maimed porty in dispute. The Bees at once
and   mutilated,    while   others   more | set  to  work,  but  the  llrones  refused
fortunate, are killed outright
through the carelessness of olliciuls
or defective construction of the roadbed. The Inter-State Commerce
Commission has just published a
bulletin giving statistics of railway
accidents during the first quarter of
1905, which are appalling. These
statistics show that during tlie three
months there were 28 passengers and
2U4 employees killed, and 1,651 pus-
sengers and 2,062 employees injured,
making in all 21(2 persons killed,
and 8,918 injured in train_ accidents. Other accidents to passengers;
and employees not tho result of collision or derailments, bring the total number of casualties to 15,300
(914 killed and 14,392 fnjdred).
The individual suffering and agony
which this gruesome record represents is beyond imagination to grasp,
the pain nnd grief of bereaved relatives—parents, husbands, wives and
children—impossible to conceive, but
still the .slaughter goes on amr the
roads continue to pay dividends.
The butcher's bill for the second
quarter of the year is not yet to
hand, but from ull indications it will
fully equal that of the proceeding
three months, and nothing but tho
most drastic measures rigidly applied will put a stop to this murderous
business. The press of the United
States has taken up this question
and is urging the Federal and Statu
governments to adopt prompt measures to check a system which is lie-
coming intolerable. Government inspection and supervision faithfully
carried out would greatly lessen tho
number of accidents, but so long as
railway corporations nre allowed to
run fast trains on flimsily built road-,
beds   the   death   rate     nnd   uccideht
the trial; so the verdict was given
by .Judge Wasp in favor of the Bees.
Ksop's  Fables.
Esop lived long before the advent
of capitalism. Bui even in his day
Drones existed in the shape of Iho
chattel slave master. Esop wus hiin-i
self a slave, thus tasting (he bitterness of that degrading position.
While his fable is evidently intended
lo apply to the Drones of his time,
it is equally applicable lo tne present delectable ruling class and its
unsuferable apologists and hangers-
on. All of which arc Drones in the
concrete, having far less excuse for
their existence than the Drones in
the beehive, for the latter do perform some useful service in Bee economy, while capitalists and their
henchmen perform none. It is high
time the working human Bees held a
court, at which themselves should
act as judge, jury and executioner,
for the purpose of ridding the industrial hive of all useless drones and
their parasitical pimps and pander*
The ease wilh which those hardworking Ottawa statesmen obtained
a raise in wages not only for themselves, but for a choice coterie of
their political relatives, affords a
striking illustration, of tho. efficacy
.of organized labor when energetically
directed toward tho u*Hom|ilishment
of  a  worthy  purpose,    This  should
roll will continue to sweil.    Railway  .
accidents are  not unknown  In   Can-1,)e tt Vft,uaDle lesson to other work-
ada, but happily our transportation
companies have more regard for human life thun for dollars, and they
take every precaution to protect
their patrons.—Victoria Colonist. ...
The railways of the United States
as well as of Canada, nre run for
the specific purpose of bringing pro'
fits to the coffers of their owners.
Whatever policy will assure the largest volume of dividends, is tho logical policy to follow, and it will bo
followed b.v the management of railways, no matter what the consequence may be to life or limb. In
the killing and maiming recorded
above the railroads hove suffered no
loss. Therefore there is no well-defined reason why they should be
called upon to exercise any greater
care in the operation of their properties thnn heretofore. The railroads are not run for tho use nnd
comfort of people who desire to travel. Neither ore they operated for
the pleasure nnd safety of the em-
ployees. They aro run strictly for
profit,   and   so   as a   profit-making
ingmen, who, like Iho Ottawa worthies, fee] that they are not properly rewarded for their services, to go
and do likewise, by organizing and
raising lheir own salaries. When
statesmen, especially of the well-
known high standard of the Ottawa
typo, establish thc precedent^ it
should  be a safe one to follow.
'Ihe Secretary of the Treasury of
the United States, reports that
"Uncle Sam" expended $24,305,903
in excess of his revenue during tho
fiscal year just closed. Presumably
this means that the star spangled
old gent has been blowing himself
and like nn ordinary individual under similar circumstances, moy havo
to go to the pawnbroker, if it is allowable to so designate tho fraternity commonly spoken of ns
bnokers. At any rate, if it
should como down to tho necessity
of star spangled "uncle" makn'ng a
borrow, thoro uie a number of his
more   thrifty  and  industrious child-
Railway Block.   Tel. B2V.   r.O. Box 032.
324 Hutisgi Stmt     -    Vwewir, I. C
amy'V.very Labor Union in n, ■ „,,
vlted to place a card unu"r in.   .pr°»'o« k?
Month,    Secretary &$»*■* &j|
ren who will doubtless be only too
happy to make the necessary advances, in consideration of (he old
chnp agreeing to toss them extra
pennies at intervals as a reward for
their thrift,  industry nnd abstinence.
The fnct that strenuous Roosevelt
went out into thc bushes ten miles
from any human habitation, and "on
his beftded knees prayed for the
spiritual welfare of John Hay,"
would rather indicate a knowledge
on Teddy's part that Hay's conduct
on this side of the grave had not
been altogether such as would insure his ''spiritual welfare" on the
other side. The fact that his stren-
UOSlty took his cabinet along to
hear his "spiel" to the most high,
nnd also nn associated press correspondent to spread the news to an
admiring world, hns led The Public,
of Chicago, to remark that: "wo
have here un instance of either a repulsive pose, advertised by request
for pious effect, or a disgusting invasion of President Roosevelt's privacy^" Surely no sane person seeking privacy would hie himself to the
bushes and tnke along a bunch of
politicians and a babbling newspaper correspondent. Therefore, tho
"repulsive pose" is the more likely
explanation of the absurd performance. A would-be spectacular donkey as a rule succeeds in making just
a plain overy-day ass of himself.
Billy of Germany, and Teddy the
strenuous, are an excellent pair of
According to Max Hayes in the In-
lUernational Socialist Review, some
mining official in the Pennsylvania
conl fields has discovered that the
miners are using Socialist phrases
and bid fair to soon reach the point
where they will declare that "tho
employers have no rights that they
are bound to respect." The only
rights they possess that (ho workers
aro bound to respect aro such as
they have the power to defend. Onco
they lose that power they lose tho
right. This will ha|sien to them
with a staggering suddenness one of
these days in thin near future, when
the workers shnll have awakened
from the Stupor of centuries of slavery. The muttering Ol the Socialist phrases which the official
in question hns taken note of presages the "awakening. Onco tho
awakening comes there will bo the
busiest timo for the business world,
the modern den of thieves, that ever
occurred in its history. In scurrying for places l,f safety, many a thief
will indeed experience the "strenuous life," in n manner quite sufficient to satisfy the man who invented it. Employers still have some
rights that the workers nrn bound
to respect because (hey have to
Onto  the  workers  get  the power  in
vanish™" hnmlH'  thpM   rights   wiU
Phoenix Trades and Labor r
Meets    every    <■!•-"     r  vi
John R.ordan, president. r°>
Brown, vice-president- P ,Sl
cassc sergeant-nt-arins'; W ll i>
108, Phoenix. H. C.      ' P' °- ty
Phoenix     Miners'   Un^n~~TT^
W. f. M.    Me,.,s 3 >■ ll
evening at 7 to o'clocki„ \e^l
hall.   Wm. Barnett, DrsaiV"""'!
Chi* F. ^,sm*%E**M hx\
Nanaimo Miners' Union N^ -I
F. M.    meets every "hiJV"" *•
from July *.   Alfrea A    ^l
ittVnt; Jonathan    Isherwon! '$*&
Box 259,  Nanaimo, ut'/'0
ing secretary. '      r*l
Tkt Ohitit labor rsmt i* tJMj|
Alw.ysnf.-Hrlcsssex.Kiu,,,, ,,,..;
cause of |al,„r.
For one (IoIIhi ll.,- p:,|K.r    ,, .
soon recognize (he fail ,„„,„, '
must Btlpport ami read their uJ.
papers. *"
Issued every Friday.
Tie V«ice Publishing Co„ LiiiteJ
Published  Weekly by ih*
Wuttri federation 01 Miners
A Vigorous Advocate of Ubw'i
Clear-Out and Aggressive.
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Sho,* *lwayi ..ii baud.
I4SI Wnlarsstfr Ave       Mont Wen*
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And hnve It rejuvenated with net I
life. Old Hats Cleaned, Pressed lid
Made as Oood as New by expert |
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When you are buying a FUIt HAT »<* to ^
the (lenulne Union Label 1* *ow*d In H    " ,,ut
has loose label* In  hi* possession »»<' ^f       yto*
on* In a hat for you, do not patronl**  l'l'"
label* In  retail  store* are counterfeits
Union Label I* perforated on four edK"8
sain* u a poataire stamp.    Count*hit*
time* perforated on three edg«*. *nd •«' ",B l .   u »
on two.    John ». Stetson Co.. of PhlladelpW*
non-union concern.
JOHN A.  MOKP1TT. President, Orang*   M-  '
Th* W
'UAirrm   Owibll,   SecroUry,   U w»
N*w York,
fftflt. rtlBD^L
July aa, 190o
August Bebel
,ife worth living Is not
L)f life  of  a  single pri-
only.     However    ad-
",,   ,l..' institutions of this na-
Iht li". it «»uW Uli,her foUnd
io* them in an  isolated  po-
if toa-much as they are the
of ,hc co-operation of inter-
i     ,   forces    and    relationships.
EL* tho '""i0""' i,lea 8tiH **""
ail heads and  is  used  as    a
£ of   supporting    the  existing
and political supremacy, which
Llv possible within the national
Lanes, rn ure, nevertheless,   al-
l- deep i» internationalism.
Leslies of commerce and of navi-
L   postal   unions,   international
LtioM, congresses  <">   the  laws
•Lions and on an internaUonul
i uf geographical measurement,
,f international    scientific   con-
i sjid societies (n9t least work-
.sot in us),    intemational   ex-
■llons ol dlacovory, our trade and
Jiueiw, all these things and many
, prove the International char-
» which tho relutionsliip of    tho
Lw    civilized    nations have as-
Li, in spite of a national exolu-
J^,    which they     are already
ring off.    We already speak   of
Universal Economy  in distinction
National LVonomy, and attribute
bur Importance   to   the    former,
Cunt on it tne welfare and probity «f single nations depend,    to
tv consfuerable degree.    A large
iiortion uf home  products are ex-
Led fur  the products  of    foreign
ttriis,   without   which   we    could
(longer exist.    And just as     one
Vt of ministry suffers  when  an-
fr declines,   the  national   produc-
of one country is lowered when
ol another lulls off.    The rela-
l-i ul one country to another are
fctantly  becoming   more   intimate
(lite of all    temporary    disturb-
siich as   wars   and    national
•<*ls, iHi-uii.se material    interests
stronK'-at that exist,  overrule all
ir considerations.      Every   new
of communication,     every   lm-
rement in the means of locomo-
, avery advance or discovery in
process of production, leading to
clii-aiH-iung of goods,  strengthens
Intimacy of   these    connections.
ea^c with which personal  inter-
M i.in  In-  kept   up   lietween      far
ant land is u new und important
ihi- . tihin of communication.
{ration and coloui/ation are
ir powerful factors. One nation
fiom another, and each seeks
Butilo the other in the coni|ieti-
raii- Alongside of the exchange
-'.-■iv l.in.1 uf ware, an exchange
menial products is going on at
Mae tune, millions hnd themes obliged to learn foreign lan-
jes; ami nut lung is better adapt-
to remove unfounded antipathies
i material advantages in union
i comprehension of  the language
nnnil of a foreign nation.
k   consequence of this  Interna-
•I process Is that'the social con-
ons of different countries ure  lie-
mi; mora and more alike.    In the
of the most advanced, and,
wme, most important civilized
om, this similarity is already so
it that we are acquainted with
social .structure of one people,
nre acquainted witn that of the
others aji well, in all its principal
points, much as animals of the f-ame
genius ^hftvo the same bony organization "and structure, ai though the
different species may. vary iu size,
strength and other secondary mutters.
A further consequence is that where
similaf social conditions exist, the
effect caused by those conditions will
also be the sa o, These effects are
the accumulation of great riches,
and its counterpart, proletarianlsm
of tho masses; wuge slavery, fioml-
age of men to inni-hiiies,. dominion of
the few over Ihe many, and ull thut
results  therefrom,
And, in fact, we see that |tho same
class conflicts thut nre undermining
Germany, are ugitating all Europe
and the United States. From Itu.s-
sia to Portugal, from the Balkan,
Hungary und Italy to England and
Ireland, we find lhe sume spirit of
discontent, the same symptoms of
socinl fermentation, of universal dis-
i|iiiet and dissolution. Externally
different in its appearance, according
to the character: of the population
und the political forms under which
they live, essentially it is everywhere
the same: everywhere we see a deep
social gulf yawning between cluss
and class; every year thut passes
must dec|>en il, must drive the embers of the soial body more and
more asunder, nil at length an up-
"nrently trifling cause will bring
about the catastrophe that will
spread with the s|iei-il of lightning
through the whole civilized world, a
signal summoning all to arms on
one side or   the  other.
The revolt, of the new world
against the old has broken out. Tho
slope is crowded t'ith actors, the
struggle will be carried on with an
amount of Intellect such ns the world
has wen in no struggle before, and
will sec in none after. For it will
be the last social struggle. The
19th century will harftlly end before
the contest is decided. Thus will
the new community be built up on
an international basis. The nations
Will fraternize together, will shake
hands over old quarrels, and unite
jin gradually extending tin? new state
over all the peoples of the earth,
i'lhi-y will approach foreign races,
not ns foes who come to spoil and
oppress, not as the representatives
Of a strange faith which tln-y force
upon others, but as friends who seek
to raise these races to their own
level of civilization.
When civilized nations an- united
in a great federation, the timo will
have come in which "the storms of
wur are bushed," The eternal peace
is no dream, ns the uniformed lords
of the earth believe nnd persuade
others. The time will then have
come in which the nut ions recognize
their real interests, which cannot be
attained by wur und strife, by armaments thai ruin nil countries, bul
bv the very opposite of these things.
Thus lhe Inst weapons will find their
way into the collections of antirruh
ties, to tell futuro generations how
earlier peoples n-nt each other like
wild animals for many thousands of
years, until at length mun triumphod
over  the  benst   within  him.
These future generations will then
realize wilh ease undertakings which
huve long occupied the best, brains
of the imst, and whose execution has
been attempted but without success.
Kach advance in civilization will
prompt another, will provide humanity with new tasks, nnd cause it to
attain to a continually higher stage
of development.
ft succession duties which are col-.
W in Ontario, have caused the
t of Prof, tloldwin Smith to be
td <lo«n by weight of woe. Ho
• .tnat charities will sudor owing
U» would-be givers desiring to
1 asp fur the succession duties
lr heirs must pay. Mr. Smith
8 "icse duties confiscation aud
I tne only people they praise are
Socialists, because they delight
ronrlacation." This is really a
lr l«exua blow to the Socialist
^etit, but according to latest
ns It is doing very nicely and
ing along as well as can be ex-
m after enduring such fearful
•   •   I
'•Wod professor will not. admit,
er weight  then evidence from friends.
*  •  «
Further on tho samo dispatch
States that tho German consuHren-
eral at Washington says: "We, who
have ihe Industries und traffic of the
sea in charge, emphatically declare
that sober, economic ivusons, urge
the creation ,,i a navy demanding
respect. ' Her,, we |,av*i the economic basis of militarism clearly admitted. Further on the same gentleman says foreign markets must 1,0.
procured for 'lucking sales for their
products in foreign markets our industries cannot subsist." That, is to
say, tho (lerman workers are too
poor to buy buck what they have
produced, consequently there is a
Surplus thnt must be 1 sold out of
Germany. Tin-si- conditions ure the
sume in ull capitalist countries.
Proof muy be found daily by any
Intelligent reader of tin
Mounting Lar^e Game Heads a   Specialty
Taxidermist and Furdrcsser
126 Pander St. Opp. People's Tkeitra
Wc Bolicit the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and Others who realize the advisability ol having their Patent bwslnes* transacted
by Expert*, Preliminary advice free, charge*
moderate. Our Inventor'* Adviser sent upon
request, Marlon & Marion, New York Life lildg,
Montreal: aud Washington, ij.c, U.S.A.
■\1 one time it wus supposed .by
our bourgeois reformers and statesmen that universal education would
minimize, If not entirely oradlcato
crime, but it does not appear to
have worked that way. I'rof. William Jones, of Harvard, says that
ns an eliminator of crime education
hns been a failure. Ho savs :
"Though education frees us from the
more brutal forms of crime, it. )*.
true that the very education itself
bus [nit even moaner forms of crime
in our way."
»  *   •
The incentive to crime is gain, and
where gnin is to be hud the criminal will exist. Education increases
the intellectual powers. The educat-'
ed criminal has nn easier time and
is more difficult to bring to book
thnn tin- Illiterate burglar. In tho
co-operative commonwealth, where
nil enn olitnin enough in a short
working dny, the incentive of the
vnst majority of the crimes commi.tr
red for the sake of gnin will then
cease also, nnd not till then.—Spar-
taciis   in   Winnipeg   Voice.
-   Om   Victoria Advertisers -
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
J. g and 7 STOKE 5TKBBT
Tttiphon 296 VICTORIA, B. C.
and Poultry Food to obtain
best  results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
COMRADES, strike at  the  ballot
box  on   Klecticn  day,  and  be aure
to  strike  the
Rock Bay Hotel
When  in   Victoria.
NIELS HANSON., Proprietor;
Colonial Bakery
29  Johnson  St.,   Victoria,  B.C.
One of the longest bridges in the
world hns been completed across ono
of tho largest falls In the world, the
Victoria Falls, central Africa, the
width, lieignt and volume of flowing
water of which far outrivals thc
fulls of Niagara. The bridge is properly over the Zambesi river, just
below tho falls, and oilers a magnificent view of thom. It is one of hho
connecting link*»in the Cape-to-Cairo
railway, and is Ihe most difficult
piece of engineering executed in tho
entire   enterprise,
It is om- of the longest steel arch
I,ridges 111 the world, uiul has a
dear spun of 500 foot and crosses
the gorge of the Zambesi at 11 height
of 120 feet above the water. It is
a parabolic, two hinged, steel arch,
composed of two ribs spaced 27 feet
ii imhes apart nt both ends, nnd ns
no staging or false work could be
built up to the rcqulreh height, it
was necessary to design the arch to
withstand tin- strain of erection by
anchoring tho top chord. The method of anchoring wns by boring two
holes in the solid rock 30 feet deep
and ■'!<' feet apart, and connecting
them by a tunnel at tho bottom.
The anchor cables were attached to
the top chord and tlu-n carried back
and put down one pit to the tor
thus securing them lo a mass
rock .'{0 feet deep b.v 30 feet wide.
by buying this
reliable, h. mest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
Delivered to any  part ol the city.
1'river   lo   call.      Thon*   849.
Patronize  Clarion Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for |3.75.
Kundlos of 25  or more copies   to
one address at  tho rate of one cent
Victoria General Agent for The
skatti.k timks
fori land okeooma.s
san francisco chronicle
san krancisco kx aminhr
P. 0. Bex 444
Muilactirer el
Ho 8 Ctstrt ft.
71 Governaeit Street, Victoria. 0. C.
middie-i-inss  apolojrtst   that
mi l»lior
t0' the
'rentes all wealth and
laborer   It.   should   be-
, and s„  wi„    not   admit    that
Tn u,,on whl,h tho succes-
<W«M are levied is first "con-
^ from  the  working  ,|a8s>   ln
r H'"'<l» stolen.
• "•   •
■Socialist   knows    that    this
'   n«n  been    stolen  from   tho
b.n  .(."''' 0ftPttail8t .-'uss. and
"  . ,h"  slightest   objection   to
8 in" expropriators ewnp-iat-
l. Want ion    is    a  word  that
fors for man|_    Uow  wiU
s"'«in possession of tho rail-
sc'aUon'   '^   ^°d   fofk
„. "(mid  I*, unjust.     They
''nd-Tsinnd that the working
(jT,n« seated all tho wealth
,Vn "'."• wi» merely he taking
Dm.. . Il take8 Possession of
odTL?, Paction. This is
■""•anon, but justice.
p •  •   •
In K Finnnco" Lawson was
nwl nn a.s so,no tlme «K° ""rt
'tiiprirL    m,rin* <"»<Hence  that
'V the ot0ple, WOro D8ta* ro,>
tho   ,    "naneJers.     He  stated
*l*»se ,>,"% beco,ntnK rich  at
"' 'he many,  and that
of   July
ii>dv i„
' tram  "w,'NSa»y.    Tho
"""I the   Telegn
not  to
'he r„. V lo P* looked for
s« the I ' Mr-' lawson said
esitatc i corPorations    do
• Pav  ii.'i SUborn' Perjure, brilie
s     Ari.f^8.'01"  favorable  de-
MT  H,"«*f   ownership,    Mr.
"'"nnssed as a will-o'-tho-
wisp, and then suid; 'In the surest
Safest, nnd most nutural process of
restitution is the application nf tho
system's own methods to the system. Tho first step is for the American people to divorce themselves
from the s,\stem nnd sell every shnre
of slock nnd bond thoy hold back to
the frenzied financiers ai Inflated
prices. Take the money thus realized und place it in the bunks nnd
trust companies, or better still, in
eovernrnent, stute und municipal
• •   •
Mr. Lawson's system is not the
capitalist, svstem of robbing "the
working Class, but the sy*»em used
in the disposal of the proceeds of the
robbery. Hy this system the middle
cluss Investor is fleeced b.v the big
financiers, nnd Lawson Is the champion of the former because tho bitter
liroke faith, with him. Mr. Lawson's
"American   people"   does   not  include
workingmen, .for he knows full well
that thoy own no stocks nor bonds.
1 In'st remedy is not applicable to the
■working class.
• #   •
The cause of poverty of the working clnss is the owners-hip b.v nn Idle
class, of which Lawson nnd all stock
nnd bondholders are members, of the
means of wealth proiliidion, nnd the
cure is the "confiscation" of these
means of wealth production by the
working class. Nothing less will
cure the poverty of "Iho many."
Those who possess stocks und bonds
when this change dikes place will
not be able to sell them at any price
Inflated or otherwise.
• •   •
"The ruling elements of the German people, the manufacturing nnd
odpimorclal classes, says the Telegram, "have become convinced that.
the acquisition of colonies is necessary for the maintenance of the position of their country, politically
and economically."
• •   »
In the above paragraph severnl Socialist contentions aro borne out.
We have the admission that "tho
manufacturing nnd commercial classes" rule Germany, that it is "their"
country, nnd we seo tho reason why
Christ inn nations are Incessently
robbing the heuthen of their territory, a robbery euphemistically culled "tho acquisition 6T colonics."
Evidence from tho enemy Is of sreat-
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A Dictionary 01" ENGLISH.
Biography, Geography, Fiction, «lc.
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25,000 x New Words
Phrases   and   Definition*
Prepared   under  the  direct  supervising! of W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., J.L.D.,
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Box 836
Vancouver, B. C.
The Western Clarion
PO. BOX 836
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in conventi in a sembled, affirm ou*
allegiance to and support of the principles and proj; arc. of the internatiun-
al revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should iu<tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs tbe product of labor.
The present cc^nr mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
Tbe interest of the working class
lies in th* direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in 1
struggle for possession of the powet
Programs, Dodgers, Pamphlets or
Books, or any kind of Printing which
you   want   executod    promptly    and
correctly,   send  it  here.
Mail orders for Job Printing from
other districts will bo promptly executed to tho letter and sent return
mail. Prices the same ns for work
dono in this city. Try us with an
of government—the capitalist to hold;
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, «t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the. workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
ai possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands io such a manner as to pro-,
mote tlu interests of the working class
g!   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
.Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spreniacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with nny other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote nnd all other legitimate m»ans the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canadu only.
Age         Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19.
 Chairman         Rec.-Sec
• 1
I   .
;i -' 4
Tnly 2j
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
of reading matter. Try our book
•achange. Return two old books and
r:c'.'ive one new one.
SII Abbatt Strait       Vancouver, B. C.
Mail orders promptly attended to
Oreenwood, 11. 0., July 19.—The
strike at the H. C. Copiier Co.'s
smelter ended Tuesday by the strikers' unconditional surrender. Both
furnaces are now in full operation.
The company refused to re-employ
the men who caused the trouble.—
Daily Press.
Wo have  excellent   reason  for  feeling assured thnt  there nre n   number
of miners nnd smeltermen ut (Jreen-
wood  who huve  been  sore aggrieved
because the Western  Clarion hns persisted in pointing out. a few simple,
and therefore    easily understandable
facts  in  regard  to  the  wnge slaves'
position in Capitalist society, the di>-
termining factor in fixing his wages
and the utter futility os well ns   assininity of the silly chump attempting
to pit his empty stomach, either   ns
nn individual or in conjunction with
his    fellows,     ngninst    the economic
power of capital, bucked ns it is   by
the iron Inw of the wnge market. No
doubt, in the minds of tnese aggrieved ones,  the Clarion man hns loomed up ns a bad person who was animated hy n desire to discredit   their
organization,  nnd belittle its efforts.
That exceeding  inconsequential   individual disclaims    any s-ui-h purpose,
however.        He    has   been   animated
solely by,a desire to point out to the
wage slaves   just,   whnt   they ure up
against, so  that  they  might     avoid
uncomfortable   experiences,   as  far as
possible,   by  pursuing  a course   that
would    enable    them    to break    the
strangle hold  that capital now   has
upon their throats.     Thut  which the
revolutionary  Socialists of the   Province huve been  trying  to set   forth
to   the     wage-Slaves   in   general,    it
seems has  not been  grasped  by    the
Oreenwood smeltermen at least. .Probably the reason  is that it hns   not
been couched in language that    they
could understand,     lint happily,  the
B.C. Copper Co. has come to the res*
cue.    It hns pointed out by    actual
demonstratian    thnt which  the Soc-
islists, in their poor way have   been
attempting to explain.
Perhaps the "unconditional surrender," and "the company refuses to
re-employ," will filter into the grey
matter of the men, and be benevolently assimilated by their understanding.. As they raise large and
healthy corns upon their pedal extremities in a search for Other mas.
ters to serve, it is to be hot>ed they
may carry a realization that such
drastic lessons ns the one administered by the ll.C, Copper Company,
are made necessary only because of
their blind allegiance to a method*
of warfare that hus long since become absolutely ineffective. If they
cannot grasp the fact by the exercise of reason and common sense, it
will lie hammered into them by more
drastic lessons and bitter experiences
Ho sane man will dispute tho assertion that the conditions surrounding the workers in smelters, mines,
factories and industry in general are
not only somethiog awful, but continually getting worse. From the
standpoint of the wage-slnve, tlie adverse condition of the labor marHiet
is overwhelming. As well attempt
to "sweep back the tide with a
broom," as to alter these conditions
by repeating the time-worn folly of
striking in tlie lace of an overstocked labor market. Just how many
drastic lessons will be necessary to
enable the wage-slave lo grasp this
very self-evident fact, time alone can
tell. Tho Clarion will continue lo
point it out no inuf!er who
take offense.
The outcome of the Oreenwood
strike is but u continual ion of the
correctness of the Clarion's position.
swer the purpose. Wo must devise
somo means of arming the men and
women—the voters and fighters of
tomorrow, with a thorough knowledge of their position in human society, and a broader conception of
the international movement of an
,-nslaved working class to break the
galling chains of wage slavery, and
stand forth free.
If the local will sanction such a
move, 1 will hereby nominate myself as chuirmnn of a committee to
devise ways and means of establishing n real live Socialist
School for the training of
It.  P.  Pettipiece.
25  Tenth  avenue,  Vancouver, B.C
. ,,,    cm in   «n UTRINE   CASE *rv
Dust and damp-proof, fitted with the
the best 7-jeweled ELGIN or WAL-
THAM movement, stem-wind nnd set
allll abS0huely GUARANTEED FOR
:i YEARS. Also a beautiful cnain
Ul complete, $8.50.
.„, days    All complete, ao.oo.   SEEING
Bend ii to us  with  your  Name. Post
I  wo  will  send  the Watch   and
for   the  next
Cut   Jhis  out  nnd
s   office Address,   om   wo.  ..».  ^
examination.    y°;^   „„„   Chaln  al„ yQVta     If
'   il-vs send In the full amount, and
with  each     watch
IS   »EL1K\ ING,
Office  and    Expro
Chain to you for
the amount  and express charges,
you wish to sum- paying the express
we will forward to you Watch and Chain
If you order C.O.D. a,?^0^0'^.0*-,
faith, which amount Will be deducted fro
this offer may not appear again.    Wnen — U»**nnum»    R   C
E.  WAGNER &  Co., 163 Cardova  Street, Vancouver, is. t.
ii i   your   bill.     Order   at
When writing mention this pal"'
by   mail,   nil
required   as  a
of   good
once    ns
What will the Husslan army do?
Upon the answer to that tpiestion
hangs the fate of the Russian government, if not the empire itself.
At first blush it would seem a
foregone conclusion that the army
will side with the people from whose
loins it sprang. But that is not
taking Into consideration the well
known effects of military training,
which Inculcates as its first principle blind and unquestioning obedience to orders, and which when long
continued has a tendency to weaken
soldier's    powers   of   initiative
The kinship between .1
JCmpiru and Unclu Sam's
strikingly set forth in tiH,
poor old Bjroy-hairnd llargar^J
rington. She purchased, „, *
lund, Cnl. n tick,.I for Vjl(( . °*
She was not nllowi-ii ,„ h]*B
to Sj.jJJ
•*"» Nfc£
carried back and forth botwee
two ports,  unable i„ | .   ,       S
ml    ill   I'ltju.-
At lust, some persons posse^Ll
l»>a«it n drop of the milk of k -.
kindness, secured the services fl
attorney  who  br< ■'■• *
ever, but wns returned
Cisco,   where  she  was
a landing,    since tin
Under caption "The Insult  lo Paul
Jones."   Collier's  Weekly ul   July 15.
makes quite a fuss becuuso tho odori-
ferious Loomis, of  Venezuela   fume
has been sent  to   ^urope as special
ambassador  to  receive the  body  of
some  chap by    the    name ol    Paul
Jones.    Now, this mny, or may not,
be   un   insult   to   Jones.     It  should
iM-opcrly be left to that person himself to determine.     As he, up to  the
present,   remains  silent  the  inference
is that he does not feel particularly
insulted.     Therefore,   it   seems   presumptions upon the part   of Colliers
to  make n  fuss about it.     That paper   is   still    further   pained   because
"presumably  as  a  circular  letter of
recommendation,   the   State  Department printed  in pamphlet form   for
distribution    among   our   representatives abroad  the findings  which  exhibited Loomis as an assiduous si>o-
culator  in  claims     and   concessions
while net ing as the guardian of   our
national honor."    For the life of us
we  can   see  nothing  wrong in  such
conduct.     What  is    "our   national
honor"   doing  abroad   if  It be   not
looking  out   for juily  little concessions   and   s|>eeulations   upon  behalf
of   "our"    extremely   honorable    und
circumspect    profitmongering   thieves
at  home?      Are 'our''  ambassadors
to be sent to Venezuela or any other
country   to  further  the Interests   of
business,   and  at the  same  lime expected   to  retrain      from  comporting
themselves    according     to    business
ethics by refusing lo pick up u bean
or  two' when  occajasan  offers)?    As
well expect a member of  the canine
tribe to accompany his fellows upon
their   marauding  expeditions without
conforming    to    the   well-established
customs nnd conventionalities   of his
kind.     As every nation on eurth to-
duy is  merely,   an organized  band  of
brigands    at   home nnd   buccaneers
abroad,   it   is   almighty   poor     taste
upon  the     part  of   Colliers  or  any
other to talk about "insult" or honor, in relation to them.    As Loomis
is  to receive  the  body of  Jones,    it
looks ns though  that worthy might
be  dead.     If so,  there  is still   less
reason for making a  row about the
Loomis    appointment.     Anybody   is
■■ond   enough   to  handle  dead   men's
bones   without   inflicting  any  insult
that the bones would take notice of.
Editor Western Clarion:
Tho sellers of commodities, especially labor power—tl tiro's so many
-with jetupty stomachs—must deliver
tho goods at such place and time as
the purchaser shall name. For this
reason i have been deprived of the
opportunity of attending Vancouver
Local business meetings. It has occurred to me several limes that the
formation of a Socialist "Sunday
School" would be a profitable movement on tho part oj! the comrades
of Vancouver Local. We have enough
rising young revolutionists in this
city to make it well worth our time
and attention to further inculcate
in their respective minds the truths
of Socialism. Not obly this, the
young, aye, and the rest of us, have
an Inmost yearning for collectiveism
get togetheristn. We, with our
children, feel the need of music, song
and mirth.    Tho church does not un
caused the inventor to be secretly
strangled or drowned." In Loydan,
this machine was not used till Ki2i):
there the tints of I lu- ribbon-weavers at length compelled the town
council to prohibit It, After making
various decrees more or less prohibitive abainst this loom in lii.'W.
1039, etc.,  the   States   General   of
Holland ut length permitted it tt) lii-
iised under certain res trie turns, by
the decree of the 15th Docombor,
L661. It was also prohibited iu
Cologne in H>7<i. at the sunn- time
nn its introduction into England
wns cnusing disturbances among the'
workpeople. Hy an Imperial edict of
10th February, 1685, its use was
forbidden throughout ull (.Vrniany.
In Hamburg it wns burnt in public
by order of the Senate. The Emperor Charles VI., on the oth Feb.,
1710, renewed the edict of 1(185,
and not till 1785 was its use o|>enly
allowed in the Electorate of Saxony.
This machine, which shank Europe
to its foundations, was in fact the
precursor of the mule und the power
loom, and of the industrial revolution of the 18th century. It enabled
a totally inexperienced boy to set
the whole loom with nil of its shuttles in motion by simply moving a
rod backwards und forwards, mid in
its improved form produced from 10
to 50 pieces nt once.
About lli.'tO, a wind sawmill, elected near London by a Dtitchmun, succumbed to the excesses of the populace. Even as lute us tho beginning
of the 18th century, sawmills driven
by water overcame the opposition of
the people, supported as it was by
parliament, only with great difficulty. No sooner had Kvi-ret in 1758
erected the first wood shearing machine that wns driven by water power, thnn it wns set on flro by 100;-
000 people who hnd been thrown out
of work. 50,000 workpeople, who
had  previously  lived  by carding wool
petitioned parliament against Afk-
wright's scribbling mills and carding engines. The enormous desl ruction of machinery that occurred in
the   English  manufacturing districts
w Ifu
th. ii
Milan, [tali. a man and his
ia\e boon uci used of poisoning
two children in order to obtain
i... ..session     of $2,000  which  one    of
,l„. children had Inherited from some
deceased     relativo
speaks of the affair
crime."    The  lino
drawn   between
natural  crime,!
An exchange
nn -111111111111111
o should bo cloarlj
'natural" and "un-
sn as to avoid   the
render falling Into confusion. Tho
poisoning of thc children was lor the
purpose ol making a little easy mon-
0j, it the making of easy money
constitutes nn "unnatural crime,"
thoro are a lot of people undei
present   s
before th
lll'isi-s.   "I
, stem who should be haled
. "beak" and severely pun-
Iheii again, tin- question
Ihould a person guilty of a
Tho  a
in   the
tally   press,
thai "«
hns no
ise     the    sofkeyes,"
to the fact that the
"Beet '
'rust,"    and
the liki
corns a
■ small  1
n  for th
nisiiiess con-
■ir  money.
Lightning exploded -•"> pounds of
dynamite at tho lllvorside Coal Mine
in Iowa, and flvo minors were literally blown to pieces. The risks assumed by capital are something terrible.
 . o	
and self-reliance and reduce him to
u mere automaton. Military discipline ulso tends to breed a higher
degree of loyalty, or at least of respect for governmental authority
und love for the Hag. Against this,
however, may be balanced the new
and healthier sort of patriotism
which is gaining ground so rapidly
among the Russian |>eople-thut is,
love of country rather than loyalty
to the government.—Kansas City
Journal  (republican),  July ~-
Hero you have it from one of your
own oracles that armies are well
known to make sticks, automata,
dupes, und blind animals of men!
Wiiv don't they tell the young men
whom thev seduce to enter the service these things? Is this the kind
of Individuality that it is desirable
to develop in young men? Is this
the kinh of citizens that make good
society? We have such "blind und
unquestioning ohediieiice" to party
machines today—and that is why the
cupitulists like the offect of the nnny
on its automata Does the Journal
preach against the army and its d<
struct ion of the manhood of
young? Not so. It upholds
nlory of the army
capitalist    owners
attorney who brought nor cue |]
fore the railed States court* J
immigration olliciuls, |m(    ,, .   ™
.... hi in
The    poor    old
moans,   is   now
again     from     the
'■   uiihoni
si-lll lo »„
' 'lli'°'nl8  port
real in
lu lie
From the press reports of n,e ™
sho appears lobe guilty oil
crimes. .One is being iho wldoJ
a British army ofllcer, „„,i .h }
is lieing without money, \\. I
ter is probably the moro serionil
the two. The spectacle 0| „"'
leged great nii.l , iv,ii/„| „,,,"
playing football in this fashion^
a penniless and friendless old
man, is certainly an ftlifyimr a
and is well calculated to pro*. 1
kinship existing between m „  *
"*»llv  '■"I"'1' r si,,,, ,,„„,.   J
conduct.    Beyond
belong In the sum
t.V|K' ut  that.
tniestIon, th®!
«y|ic, umi
si III.
The   most   sens,l,|,.  ttm|
like uci of the present Ottawa
bus bivn the    Inn-eat
Iters', senators',  ami jmlj,,
l l In-
The contest between the capitalist
and the wage laborer dates back to
the very origin of capital. It raged
on throughout the whole manufacturing period. But only since the
introduction of machinery has the
workman fought against the instrument of labor itself, the material
embodiment of capital. lie revolts
against this particular form of the
means of production, as being the
material bonis of the capitalist mode
of production.
In the 17th century nearly all Europe experienced revolts of the workpeople against the ribbon-loom, a
machine for weaving ribbons and
trimmings, called in Oermnn.y Band-
muhle, Schimermuhle and Aluhlen-
stuhl. These machines were invented in Germany. Abbe Lancellotti,
in a work that, appeared in Venice
In 10:10, but which was written in
J 570, says as follows:
"Anthony Muller, of Danzig, saw
about fifty years ago in that town
a very ingenious machine, which
weaves 4 to 6 pieces nt once. But
the Mayor being apprehensive that
this invention might throw a lnrgo
number  of  workmen  on   the  streets,
I        HAROWARE and
' Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves tn tho City.
Doom  Chains,    Augers,   Loggers' Jacks, Etc.
We have moved into our now
and  commodious  premises :
138 Cordova St., Cast
'Phone 1579      Vancouver, B. G.
A New York luily was visiting
friends in Pittsburg, One morning
after breakfast the father came into
the house and called to his children:
"Come, children, if you want me to
drive you to school, come: say Mary,
when-  an-  those children,  anyway?"
"They'll he hen- In a minute," replied his wife. "Johnny is upstairs
blushing his teeth, and Dorothy is
outside, cleaning her gums on the
The visitor suppressed nn exclamation of horror, nnd slipped away to
the library to seek aid from Uie dictionary. She learned that "goloshes" in England and "rubbers" in
New York may be "gums" in Pittsburg.
and navy. Its
want blind and
unreason)ne obedience to their orders on the par*»ol thoworking cluss.
The Russian Socialist is trying to
awaken the manhood of the degraded population of that vast prison
pen. made so by the "well known"
methoils of truining men in the ur-
mv. Thank Ood, the- Itussiun people ure rousing from their blind and
unquestioning servitude to such lov-
ulty as upholds the capitalist system thai finds its highest expression
in that unfortunate country. But
what un admission! 11 a Socialist
had suid it he wool.I have been denounced ns a traitor.—Appeal to
Ifow can a man serve as witness
whin he was not on tin- spot? And
unless he wus a witness, how should
his   testimony   be  trusted?    The  New
$25, $22, $20, $18
SUITS for	
Also  any   pair
of Pants for..
Corner Granville and
Pender Streets
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
during the first 18 years of this
century 110th), chiefly caused by the
employment, of the power loom, and
known ns the Luddlte movement,
gave the anti-jacobin government of
a Sidmonth, a Castlereagh, and tho
like, a pretext for the most re-ac-
tionnry and forcible measures. It
took time and experience before the
workpeople learnt to distinguish between machinery and its employment
by capital, and to direct their attacks, not against tho material instruments of production, but uguinst
the mode in which they are used.—
From  Capital by Karl Marx.
The readers of the Western Clnrion
aro requested to take particular notice of the number upon thc address
slip on tneir paper. A considerable
number of subscriptions will expire
during tho forthcoming two months.
This holds especially true in regard
to subs, taken by Comrade Walsh
during his trip through the interior
during the fall of 1903. Those who
wish to continue receiving the paper
should bo careful to renew before expiration of present sub. in order to
avoid any break in the regular issues.
It should be borne in mind that   ull
York Times tells a pathetic story
of a young man who applied for a
position as teacher In a small Oeo-
p-ia  town.
But alas! there was an examination to !>c passed, and from that ordeal the candidate returned in a
melancholy state of mind.
"What's the matter, Sam?'! asked
one of the townsmen. "Couldn't you
stand the examination?"
"No, suh." w'as the answer, "They
asked me about things that, hanpen-
ed  before   I    was born."
At one of the recent lectures by
Professor George FCirchwey, dean (if
Columbia Law College, New York,
the students were uneasy. There
was something wrong in the air.
Hooks were dropped, chairs were
pushed along tho floor; There wen.
various Interruptions. Thi- nerves
of all won' on edge. The members
of the class kept lheir eyes on the
clock and awaited the conclusion of
the hour of the lecture. The clock
beat Professor Kinhwey by perhaps
a minute, but at the expiration of
the scbcddlc time the students started to their feet nod prepared to
leave, "Wnit a minute," objected
the professor, "don't g0 j,|St yi;t-
I  have u few  more pearls to cast."
A lot of editorial nincompoops and
other ridiculous absurdities are maiding a lot of fuss because numerous
keen, up-to-date grafters made u few
easy dollars out of their 111 ani[Mila-
tion of the affairs of the Kipiitahle
Life Assurance Society. They even
Ko so fur as to accuse the enterpris-
im- manipulators of feloniously put-
tine their hands into the till provided for the protection of the widows and orphans. Just how they
got the silly notions in their heads
thut any Insurance scheme was ever
designed for the protection of widows and orphans pnsseth Understanding. It is known, even to the
unsophisticated, that all schemes,
either Insurance or otherwise, are
gotten up to provide n till for the
protection of the schemers themselves, nnd not for ar - (lows and
orphans that might happen.
»••»»« Minns
Not Too Early lo Look
Exclusive patterns an; diiw be«.
some of the choice ones will |„. ^
early, and some ol iho design j
cannot duplicate. If y<,u npj^f^
unusual styles it uill int*#»i r(M(
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
The Snarteit Soft Hal of the Um
These Hats huve been enthusia
calty received by young men In
the very first day we brought
out. Neither trouble nor expetj
has been saved in the production
these goods, as you will cheerfJ
acknowledge  upon examination.
III Csrdsva Sired
Cash Grocery Stor
We also carry a  full lino of Fui
ture,   on easy   payments,   ut
that ennnot   be  duplicated.   Kit
insjiect our stock.
Cor Wotialoster Ave and Harrii iti
Workingmen Are Always Welcowj
New Fountain Hotel
0. SOHWAIIN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents ami up.
Hods, 25 cents i>er night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and up.
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver, B.C
Open-Air Meeting
Corner Cordova and Canall St.«—R. P. Pettipiece, spiiW
Headquarters:  313 Cambie Street, Room I
Here is a new Mnrk Twain   storv
names are stricken from the list upon i or rather un old one   recently   come
expiration of tho number for which
payment, has deen made. This is
number 880. if tnat number is on
your address slip your sub. expires
with this issue. While the publishers
of tho Western Clarion do not. bo#
for subs or renewals, nor push forward any schemes to obtain such,
they Will tuke pleasure In forwarding to any address 5 yearly sub.
curds for lji:l.7.r>. Each card will be
accepted as payment in full for one
year's subscription to the Western
Clarlan when returned to this oftico.
to liirht. Some years ago tho famous humorous nsked a neighbor if he
mi'crht read a set of his books. The
neighbor replied ungraciously that
he wns welcome to rend thorn in his
library, but he hnd a rule never to
let n book leave his house. Some
Weeks Inter the same neighbor sent
over to nsk for the loan of his lawn
"I shall be very jrlnd  to loan you
my lawn mower." saitl Mnrk Twain
"bur,   since   I   make   it    a ,-„i(.    n(_ '
to let it, leave my lawn
obliged  to   use it. there.
you will be
Adam and Eve
Cooked with a wood nro.
No wonder there was trouble
in that Family
The way to have peace,
fort and cleanliness ■" ",l '   d.
is   to  do away  with    '"      |(i
gery and   dirt   of cooking
wood or coat, by using >l
Gas Stove
We havo them  in   'JP'^ »rid
patterns, cheap nnd «'""'* ^
are always glad to »n°w
Oive us a call. _
VANCOUVER GAS to, Ltd. «*t*arV'f*


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