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The Western Clarion May 6, 1905

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Bg'  ^UVt
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*- roan A 9,
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B, C, Saturday, May 6,   1905.
Subscription Price
Per Year
picnic held at North Vancou-
[n Sunday, April 30, was attend-
about 200 persons who enjoyed
luting thoroughly. In the even-
iiliinit ''0° persons gathered in
itv Hall, Vancouver, and were
•ssnl by J, H. Ilawthornthwuite
1 Parker Williams,  Socialist mem-
ln the Provincial House.   Ernest
upon opening tho mooting, af-
few   brief  remurks,   introduced
Williams us tho first speaker.
I Williams  started   iu   by    culling
tion   to  the  condition  of  labor
um-oiivcr   Island,   where,   he   as-
H,   the  number   of   men   and   the
i- uf  jobs  were  out   of  propor-
I liere   being   too   many   of   the
Br and too few of the latter, and
i-siiiiied   that  similar  conditions
ii.il    in  Vancouver,     The his-
jof  civilization,    he   said,   could
L  last   analysis   lie   written   in
iniical  terms.     The history of a
was a history of how  that race
is living.    Thnt  was,  a history
s   mechanicalAcontrivunces,    on
its arts, s ience and everything
ultimately depended.
Itever  a   Socialist  might  other-
ntroduce into  a discussion    of
(it-day   problems   touching    the
movement,   he  would   soon   re-
iin  discussing  the  machinery  of
|h    production    itself.     He   had
(been  through  a   pipe  factory in
uver.     where      various       sized
en  pi|M's  were  turned  out,    and
|ugh   no   mechanic    himself,    he
guarantee  to  go  into  this fnr-
ind  carry  out   any  part   of  the
of   making   pipe.     This  was
the   machine     now     supplied
(ill   necessary   to   the   operation
ie  man was  reduced' to  the le
a  mere nttenhant  to  the moor   In  other  words  a  sort    of!
|ituge to it.     As machinery was
ibvinting  the  necessity   of    the!
inan ncquiring the one-time skill,
;:iry  for the work,  it  was possi-
i  successfully  employ  any  kind!
or provided  that  it  were only
A  Jap. Chinaman or Hindoo
became as good machine ten-
las the white worker,  and being
they  displaced    him    in   the,
und  factory.    No machine was |
Picnic at North Vancouver—Mass Meeting in the
City Hall—The Addresses.
Introduced liifti cnpitmiifct industry
unless it would dispense with some
of tho labor previously employed.
The more highly developed tho mechanical factors of production became, the more completely is human
skill reduced to a minimum, and all
labor tends towards the level of common labor. This also tended to render trade unions futile in their efforts, becuuse the more unskilled or
common tW» labor required, the less
were the workers able to protect
themselves by limiting the number of
apprentices. Common labor calls for
no apprenticeship. The higher development of machinery rendered an
ever increasing number of the workers superfluous in the market. In
consequent of this tho older or less
active workers found it difficult to
find employment. It hud already become quite the fashion among big
corporations to refuse to employ a
man over 35 years of age. If tho
Workman puts forth every effort in
his work he will be broken down at
86. If he were broken down the employer would not want him. If he
were not broken down it. would be
evidence that he hud nut put forth
his efforts for previous employers,
therefore he would not be wanted in
this case. If tho workers struck .
against the conditions of employment, Ihe law allowed them to do
nothing but stay in their houses if
they hud any. Everything else was,
intimidating, boycotting oi' some
other   crime.
Speaking of the Centre Stur cuse'
against tne miners ut llosslaud the)
speaker said the settlement of the;
judgment was no uct of grace upon
the part of the company. The Miners' Hall if seized by the company to;
satisfy     the    judgement      would     be
worthless as it could be rented to
no ono other than the miners. As
labor produces all wealth, said the
speaker, the workers should use tho
political power to obtain thut. wealth
for themselves, instead of allowing
the propertied class to use thut power to tuke it from them. The trade
union cry of "keep politics out of
the union" was roundly denounced,
and the workers advised to get into
n political party of their own. Such
u party was already in the field, the
Sociulist   Party  of  Canada.
One of the stock charges against
Socialism, said the speaker, is that
it would destroy religion. There was
so much religion in society, that it
would be a pity to destroy it.
(Laughter.) The Japanese government sent out a commission some
years since to enquire into the Christian religion with a view to adopting it as the national religion. The
commission returned after a time and
reported that they were unable to
find enough to serve as a sample for
investigation. (Laughter.) Mr. S.M.
Robins, former superintendent of the
Nanaimo mines, told the Chinese
commission thnt he did not think
the Christian teaching would affect
the Chinese on account of the disparity between the theory and practice of Christianity. The speaker
had no quarrel with Christianity,
but hud serious quarrel with much
iliat masqueraded under iis cloak.
He had no objection to old persons
solacing themselves with hopes of
the future life, and especially those
who were over 35 yours of age and
therefore unable to get a job upon
this side of the grave, to keep them
busy. Hut j he objected to young men
whose energy ought to be expended
for  the  betterment  of the conditions
here on earth, expending it in trying
to sneak themselves into heaven, instead. The Socialist movement required the energies of every man who
recognized thnt he had a class interest with his fellows. Two men in
parliament could do but little. Even
ten could not do much. A majority
would be required to do what ought
to be done for the workers, but the
workingmen uf Vancouver must first
learn that they cannot serve working-class interests by sending Liberals and Conservatives to Victoria.
After a collection had been taken
which netteil sufficient to defray the
expense of the meeting, J. H. Hawthornthwaite was introduced and
Opened his remarks by humorous reference tb his exploits on the picnic
grounds during tho afternoon. Ho
thought Parker Williams had been
too modest in speaking of what they
hud been able to accomplish in the
Provincial House. Although but
two lone Socialist members, they
had nevertheless introduced fifteen
bills nnd amendments, and had passed seven of them. Had Fernie,
Greenwood, Revelstoke, Vancouver
aud the other industrial centres of
the province done their duty by
sending Socialists to the House.
they would have brought in 850 bills
and passed half of them which'
would have been quite enough for
one session. (Laughter.) Before go-1
fe.g further, he wished to say that j
there was a newspaper in Vancouver, j
The World, a classical, ornate, dig-;
nified journal, run in the interests of
capital, that had all at once become
anxious about the morals of the So-!
cialists. It hail recently devoted a
column to the duty of lecturing him,
the   speaker,   on   the   iniquity   of   re
ferring to the men who robbed workers ns "thin-lipped, labor skinners."
He saw that n representative of the
World was present and he would assure him he would in future be careful to refer to them as refined courteous, generous labor touchers.
The World was afraid that the Socialists would corrupt tne good people of Vancouver by holding Sunday
picnics. He had discovered that the
people of this city were so good that
a man could not get a cigar on Sunday without buying a meal. He did
not often speak of religion when on
the public platform, but as Parker
Williams had touched upon the subject, there was a thing or two he
would like to say. Many religious
revivals had come about at different
periods in the world's history, but
none had ever come about except under great economic depression. At
these times the workers dimly realizing that something is wrong, aud
finding it difficult to got bread for
their little ones, appeal to tne
church. The church has repegtedly
told them that their troubles could
not be helped nnd it was their duty
to bear them with submission. The
revivalist triiil to bring them back
into their chains by submission. A
bishop speaking in London at a great
meeting not long since said thut during the recent revival 2,500 souls
had been brought to Christ. When
wo consider lhat there are nearly
two billion souls in the world and
the greatest revival ever k"nown had
saved but 2,500, it looks as though
revivals are not all they are cracked
up to be. At least one result of the
revival was u man so thoroughly
converted that he sand he "never
would again put on his coat at five
minutes to five," In other words he
henceforth would be a more humble,,
devoted and faithful' slave, and that
was the object aimed at by the revival movement of today.
One revivalist had said that "hell"
was oftener on the lips of Christ
than on the lips of his disciples, oftener on the lips of his disciples than
of the most ardent revivalist. By
"hell" he meant this: At the resur-
ection they would receive Indestructible bodies with every human capacity for feeling pain and that those
bodies would suffer the excruciating
torture of burning through eternity.
And then that revivalist turning to
the choir had. said, "We will now
sing a hymn of praise to the merciful and beneficent Creator." (Laughter. ) (
1 will tell you, said the speaker,
it is all a pack of lies. There is hell
enough in existence night here today.
In dealing with the trade union.
the speaker declared its day had
gone. Mr. Williams had declared it
was practically valueless, but he
would go even further by saying it
was worse, becuuse like hell, it served to delude the workers and lead
them further from  their freedom.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite then took up
the various measures introduced by
Williams and himself inlo the provincial house during thu recent session. He pointed out how bitterly
they were fought, more especially by
the great corporate interests of the
province. The hardest fight of the
session was over tne eight-hour law
for coal mines, in which they had
been fought by three large corporations who had their lobbyists on
hand to defeat the measure if possible.
In closing the speaker expressed the
hope that by the time he would stand
upon a Vancouver platform again
tho workers of the city would be
ready to also send men to Victoria
to fight for their interests.
The meeting was in every way a
success, and as the large audience
filed out of the building there was a
look upon the face of each which
plainly said, "it was well worth
Advised Nat to Visit Pjrlland, Oregon, During the Exposition
|land Travellers' Aid Association,
Ouk St.,  Portland,  Ore., May
Western  Clarion:
fir  Sir:—There   will   be     neld  in j
lund,  Oregon,   from  the first    of
to the fifteenth of October, the
a and  Clark  Exposition,  and it '
o special endeavor  of tlie Port- j
I Travelers' Aid Association, alll-
with   the name  of   Exposition
ll.   Committee,   to   sound  u  note
fining  to girls und young   wo-
throiighout   the   United   States,
|nsl  coming to see the exposition
the  idea of getting work.      We
I'luily   in  receipt  of  numerous Infos from  many  of  the girls from
business houses as Wannmaker's
iow   York    City,    and    Marshall
(I's in Chicago, looking to the se-
ig of work here,     ttcrv, in Pontile  supply  already  exceeds  the
find and  unless the knowledge of
fuel     can    be   spread   broadcast
flghout    the    United    States,  the
will   be  far  beyond  our capu-
Ilos to handle. Most of tho In-
ies received advise us that the
er has saved enough money to
h here, but must have immediate
Dymont upon her arrival. Long-
|to see the sights of the exposi-
reduced railway fares and   the
I'tl assurance of employment, form
irrosistable attraction to the
king girl in the east, who wishes
this sort of vacation. In spite
■epcated warnings, the condition
•it. Louis last year was simply
illing, and it is the imperative
ight, of the organization that
ething in tne way of a preventa-
1 must be added.
havo   already   begun   the  work
tho   enclosed    editorial   on    the
Jort,   from  tho  Telegram,  of this
will show you lhat tho western
fipnpors   are  co-operating    gladly
this matter.
you not do  what you can in
[columns of the  Clarion  and ob
lige our organization, as well as benefit   those   young   women   who   will
take this  warning in  time?
Sincerely yours
Carrie A.  Holbrook
For Young Women Who May go to
the Lewis and Clark Centennial exposition at  Portland.
At the time of the Centennial In
Philadelphia, in 187(1, the Young
Women's Christian Association, then
six years old, sent out circulars to
warn girls against coming to see the
exposition with the idea, of getting
work. Not withstanding this there
were hundreds of girls sUanded who
exhausted their small savings in
three or four days and found no
work; how to protect lhem was a
problem which is well remembered
by those who were managers of the
association  at   that   time.
Desiring to meet these conditions
we   make   the   following   suggest inns:
1. See that you have enough money
for emergency nnd for your return
2. See to it Hint before leaving
home you learn from a reliable source
that your destination in Portland is
a safe one.
8. See to it lhat you accept no directions from either men or women
on trains, if unknown to you, nnd
that you report to the conductor
any advances made. You must depend upon yourself and tho railroad
officials for information concerning
trains. Any questions will be answered by the Travellers' Aid Agents
to be found at the stations on tho
way. They will be women with
1. See to it that you have authorized Travellers' Aid card of identification.
5. See to it lhat you apply for
these cards to your Organization, Sen
doty or Guild.
8, See to it thnt. before accepting
employment in Portland, through
advertisement or otherwise, that the
Exposition Travellers' Aid Committee endorses it.
7. See to it that before going to
any lodging or boarding house that
the Exposition Travellers' Aid Committee recommends it. The address
of the Portland headquarters of this
Committee  is .'3112 Oak  street,  Portland,  Ore.
Evening Telegram, Portland, Or.,
March 27, 1905.
lint a few days ago the Portland
Travelers' Aid Association of this
city announced the preparation of a
large muriner of leaflets and placards
to be distributed in ihe various centres of population, warning \inskilled
and unemployed young women
against coming to Portland to seek
positions simply because it is Exposition year. It is the purpose to set
forth the fact that such field of labor
Will be greatly overcrowded. Such
warning Is timely, and the hope is
that   it   will   prove elfacious.
11 is very natural that many young
women should be attracted to an
Exposition city in the belief that remunerative employment is to be had
merely for the asking. This is a
mistaken notion, nevertheless; dangerously so, in fact, as that young
woman may realize whose ambitious
mission results in failure, nnd who
finds' herself without employment,
means, friends or protection in a city
like Portland, with a great exposition In full swing. The risks incident to such a step are not to be
complacently contemplated by those
of the gentler sex who are endowed with plenty of moral stamina
nnd who have some knowledge of the
world, while to the Inexperienced not
so equipped there is positive menace
Mi  the  situation.
It would be well if tho Portland
Travelers'   Aid  Association called at
tention in its warning to the unfortunate fact that young women of the
city who now have employment as
clerks, stenographers and the like
have cause to complain of the conditions which the cupidity of the landlord and the boarding-house proprietor promises to impose. These latter, evidently believing that there is
to be but one year in Portland, that
the present year of the Exposition,
and alter that the deluge, have signified their intention of advancing
room rent and the price af board
until their working girl patrons have
come 1u regard the Fair as a detriment o their welfare. Many of these
young women declare that after they
pay the advanced price of living,
they will have left from a week's
wages but. a fraction of a dollar for
clothing and incidental expenses.
These facts, if foruibly brought to
the attention of young women who
erroneously believe that during the
approaching summer Port lund will be
a veritable industrial Mecca should
be beneficially discouraging. These
ure not pleasant facts, even for Portland people to contemplate, it is
indeed pitiable that any considerable
class of persons should allow the
mighty dollar to tread so closely upon the heel of, their conscience or
perhaps more accurately, trample
conscience under foot entirely. It is
the condition, however, and not the
ethical desire, thnt the wage-earning
young woman of Portland who dues
not live at home has to face. The
more clearly tnis condition is understood by her sisters abroad, infinitely better Willi it be for ull concerned.
Word comes to the Clarion office
by special underground wire that
Richard Hall. Liberal M.P.P. for
Victoria, was seen to go out bareheaded Into tne chilly Vletorfia night
nir nnd tear down one of the posters put up by our comrades advertising their May-Day banquet at A.
O.U.W. Hall. The astute warrior's
valiant charge upon the offending
poster indicates bruvery of no common order, and a calibre of manhood
ot least pop-gun size. But the banquet was neld all the same end was
a  rousing success.
Trouble is brewing between the
Grand Trunk Railway and its machinists. Meetings of the latter have
been held ut Toronto, Montreal and
other towns, nnd it has been decided to strike unless tho Company
grants tho concessions demanded.
The men are asking for an increase
in wages.
Poverty-stricken Victims of English Capital Buffeted About
It is reported that a certain lawyer
acting on behalf of some eastern capitalists is to "appear before the
Vancouver City council and ask whut
concessions in the way of a free site,
low water rote and preliminary exemption from taxation a company
may expect that, is prepared to invest at least J100,000 in establishing a foundry and machine works,"
to employ at least 10(1 men. ft is
now up to the 100 men to likewise
uppenr before the council and see
what they will get, along similar
lines. If thoy nre caught in this
city, however, witnout money in
their pockets they will get the chain-
gang without   asking.
In the leather industry of the United States the wages of the employees decreased from $402 in 181)0 to
$121 in 1900. The value of (he product on tho other hand increased
Toronto, April 18.—A party of
about two hundred immigrants from
England sent out on account of the
London Daily (Telegraph's Self-help
and East End Immigration Fund, arrived here today und complained bitterly of the treatment accorded them.
In the party are about a hundred and
twenty-five children of a helpless age.
Some af the parents are without money, und came here on the promise
of work upon their arrival. At Portland,M e., there was a distribution of
Daily Telegraph money, five, ten and
fifteen dollars being given to each
man with a family. That was the
intention, but in some instances men
with families got nothing it is said,
while single men got more than married men with wives and five children. Members said that from Portland the putty were served once with
a sandwich of bread and canned meat
nnd at four o'clock yesterday, were
given another marmalade sandwich.
They had nothing since then until
noon today, when they were given a
meal at the Grand Central Hotel,
where the government pays eighty
cenIs per head for them per duy.
They complain of being charged ten
cents for a sandwich two inches
square, and at Richmond, Quebec,
compelled to puy fifteen cents for a
pot. of hot water to make a cup of
tea. Their hardships ure augmented
by the fact that the arms of all tho
children are in a painful condition
owing to the enforced vaccination.—
New  Glasgow Times.
More victims of that philanthropic
humbug and swindle that is becoming notorious in its efforts to dump
London's halt-starved poor upon oth
er lends. These poverty stricken
wretches will be little, if any, better
off in Canada thnn in England. Hero
they will face conditions as to employment that are at best but slight
improvement over those from which
they have escaped. Only last week
a business man in Vancouver advertised for a delivery wagon driver to
take the place of un employee who
wus about to throw up his $35 par
month Job. The paper was scarcely
otT the press before he had over 60
applications for the job. And this
is supposed to be tho portion of the
Dominion in which prosperity is especially prevalent. Just what the
conditions must of necessity bo down
in the cent belt may be easily imagined.
On May 2, the fighting and rioting in Chicago in connection with
the teamsters' strike was reported
as fiercer than ever. Strikers and
their sympathizers attacked the nonunion men at every opportunity, and
men were shot down within 500 feet
of the retail store of Marshall, Field
& Co. Others were clubbed nearly
to death at other places. Women
were forced to flee for their lives
from the scenes of rioting. Men
walking along the streets, who had
nothing to do with the strike, were
assaulted and beaten, und afterwards
accused of being strike-breakers. All
of which is but a repitition of what
usually occurs during times of a
strike of any dimensions. This is
the way the class struggle is waged
in the economic field, where the wise
guys of labor, like Hagerty and others, assert il really exists. This is
the manner in which "organized labor" expects to command the respect
and sympathy of the public, and to
use the language of its flatulent apologists, "cover itself with glory in
its battle for human rights and justice." It is in this manner, however, that, it earns the well-merited
contempt of every right thinking per-
The brewers strike is on in Seattle
with deputy sheriffs and police guarding the plants. 150 non-union men
are said" to bo working in the strikers' places. The violence up to May
2 hns been confined to rotten-egg
throwing. It is to be hoped the dignity of labor will be upheld by some
more convincing argument, however.
Bricks,   for  instance.
German manufacturers are making
machine guns for shipment to Russia
where they will no doubt- be used
against the rebellious workpeople.
The gun, the sword and the bayonet
are the only convincing argument the
ruling class in any country can offer
to justify its existence.
■■■ ■ ■■
i Hlft
Ike Western Qarin
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the Working Class alone
at t'je office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street,  Vancouver,  B.  C.
Strictly in Advance.
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flva or more,  75 cants each.
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Addrcaa all communlcatloos  to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch the label on your paper
If this number is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
May  0,   1905
An overwhelming majority of the
Voters of Chicago ut. the late elections :n that city declared in favor
of the municipality obtaining control of tho street railways and' operating them as a municipal undertaking. This has caused a considerable
portion of the public press much
needless alarm at what it terms the
socialistic tendency evidenced by such
action. It points out warningly that
such tendency If .ollowed out leads
into the the "whirlpool af Socialism." As a rule these pitiful alarmists fall into the habit of using the
term "state Socialism," a term that
was in quite common use some years
since, especially among the anarchist
There is no more of a tendency towards Socialism in the Chicago municipal ownership move than has
been contained in any other move
that has been made towards a more
complete and highly developed capitalism. As capitalist property becomes more completely concentrated
into gigantic holdings, and its absolute mastery over its wage slaves
becomes more glaringly apparent, it
becomes more and more inevitable
that it fall back upon the powers of
the state for protection in its ruthless exploitation. As these enterprises become too huge and unwieldy
to be adequately protected by the
owners Uiomsolvo.s'.lhijy enlist the services of the state at such times us
danger becomes especially threatening, that is, during strikes and kindred disturbances, but the timeeve-
tually comes when danger continually threatens, and it. becomes as natural that these huge capitalist enterprises should be completely taken
over by the government for protection, as that, chicks should brood
'neat.h the mother's wing.
It is a misnomer to term this municipal or state ownership, Soi inl-
ism. It is merely municipal or state
capitalism, under which the state or
municipality becomes the direct exploiter of wage labor, instead of corporations. The proceeds of the exploitation in either case would go
into the same hands, in the first instance as direct owners of the properties in question, in the second instance as owners of tho state, i. e.,
stockholders, bondholders and other
benefice ries of government. The status of the exploited (wage earners),
will not have been altered, nor the
character of industry changed. The
workers will still be victims of the
labor market, and surplus value extracted from their labor. The workers of Chicago, onco tho city has assumed control of street railways,
etc., will have to apply to the municipality for employment. Their wage
and prospect of employment will be
determined as at present by the number of workers as compared to the
number of jobs. Once in employment, should thoy be inclined to rebel against tho conditions under
which they work, they will feel the
strong hand of government more
quickly and emphatically than at
present becuuse government will tnen
be immediately interested as the direct owner and exploiter.
The United States government is
now undertaking to build the Panama canal. This is an instance of
state capitalism. Arrangements are
now being made to bring to the isthmus thousands of Japanese and Chinese coolies for the work, thus following the traditionary capitalist line
of least resistance, i. e., the cheapest labor. It Is more than reasonably certain That this state capitalism will extend itself to cover the
great capitalized industries of tho
country, one after another, as they
reach proportions and have stirred
up antagonisms, making it impossible, or at least too expensive and
inconvenient for individual corporations  to handle them.
With state capitalism must come
a strengthening ot the powers of
government, more especially the police power. The antagonism between
the method of production und the
method of appropriation, will not
vanish because of state 01 municipal
ownership, but on the contrary will
continue to increase, thus making it
Imperative thut the power of repression   be   correspondingly   increased.
Mankind learns only jn the school
of experience. Presumably much
schooling is still requsite before the
necessary action may be taken to
bring to an end the brutal exploitation of labor at the hands of the
present system of property, and
which makes of the earth u veritable
charnel house for its victims. This
schooling will undoubtedly continue
for the workers under municipal and
state ownership of industries but no
worker should be deceived into believing such ownership to be Socialism. It is state capitalism, for
which the term state Sociulism is a
misnomer used for the purpose of deception.
1 be picture usually drawn of the
workingmun, in book, paper and
magazine, shows him us u big, strapping, brawny, intelligent-looking fel
low, and clad in his workman's cap
and apron, with the implements of
lubor at his hund, he appears as the
very embodiment, of health, strength
and manhood. These pictures are
drawn from an inspiration of what
he ought to be. rather than what he
really is. The truth of the matter
is that the pictures he draws of himself in real life, are by no means
such flattering productions. In a
vast number of instances they resolve themselves into most pitiful
displays. An instance in point, is
the present teamsters' strike in Chicago. If we are to believe even a
tithe of the tales that come to us
through the press reports, the conduct of tho strikers is such as to
arouse the disgust of all decent persons, ft is asserted that strikers
have assaulted and even beaten to
death in the streets, men who have
taken the jobs they left, or otherwise incurred their enmity. To those,
at all familiar with strikes and their
accompaniments, it does not seem
improbable that such things have occurred. The jeers and taunts hurled
at the so-culled scab are to be considered as a matter of course. A
strike without this accompaniment
would be like food without salt. This
assaulting of others, anil hurling of
jeers and taunts is not the action of
men. Those who engage in it do
not bear the stump of manhood.
Neither could they properly be classified among the beasts, for it is not
yet recorded that beasts indulge in
any similar conduct. This is no
doubt, due to their superior intelligence.
To still further elaborate the pitiful display of assininity, and add to
the dignity of labor, carriages and
hacks are stopped and drivers and
their fares warned against attempting to carry purchases home from
the boycotted stores. Pedestrians
are stopped on the streets and parcels taken from them and torn open
to see if they contain purchases
from the prohibited places. Women
are dragged from cabs or carriage
and compelled to walk, or caught by
their skirts and prevented from entering one. These aro but some of
the details and embellishments of the
pitiful picture that the "organized"
workingman draws of himself, from
real life.
This workingman is merely a commodity in tho market, and because
of -physical peculiarities, the least
well-behaved of the entire family of
commodities. His instincts are purely commodity instincts. The resentment, prejudice, hatred and vlndic-
tiveness, which he expresses in the
course of his commodity career would
no doubt be expressed by beef, pork,
salt fish, cotton cloth, cowhide
boots, coon skins or any other commodity, under s;milar circumstances,
were  it   not   physically   impossible,
Tho workingman will deserve to be
painted as the embodiment of manhood only when ho shall have proven
himself possessed of its necessary ingredients. Pictured from real life
he appears as the .embodiment of
commodityhood, which in comparison makes but a pitiful display.
g„ sasmt
In all the history of savagery It
were difficult to find account of more
fiendish brutality thun that manifested by tho soldiery of the Czar in
dealing with workingmen who are
protesting too loudly against the rigors of autocratic rule. According
to the press dispatcnes over 100 persons were killed in the city of Warsaw on May I, and by these very
dispatches it is shown that much, if
not all of this killing was entirely
unwarranted. The troops evidently
gave way entirely to the instincts of
savagery and wantonly and indiscriminately fired into bodies of demonstrators and workmen. Tnese
latter. a« a matter of course, then
resorted to the usp af Tiombs and
firearms in sheer self-defence. Processions of workmen carrying red !
flags, were charged upon by Cossacks
and volley« were fired into their
ranks b.v infantry, as a result of
which many were killed or wounded.
While bombs are alleged to have been
thrown b.v workmen, and which offered an excuse for the conduct of
tho soldiery in some instances, these
stories should be accepted with a
rrrain of salt. It is too well known
by many who have closely observer!
the conduct of rulers that the overt,
act which affords the excuse, is often
committed at the instigation of the
rulers themselves, in order that the
opportunity may tie afforded to indulge their savage instincts without
doing too great violence to the morul
and ethical pretensions of themselves
and their hypocritical apologists.
There was enough brought out in
connection with the famous Haymar-
ket affair In Chicago nearly 20 years
ago,to more than give warrant to the
presumption that, the bomb thrown
among the police on thut occasion
wus thrown by an agent of the police department itself. Such un act,
thut upon its face would appear tu
be aimed at authority, could alone
furnish the excuse for hanging the so-
called anarchists whoso offense consisted merely in agitating among the
workers for an eight-hour duy movement. If one-half the iniquities set
forth in our last issue by the Armenian Revolutionary Federation be
true, it requires no stretch of the
imagination to conceive of the same
brutal and savage ruling class resorting to any moans whatsoever in
order to give excuse for the killing
of Polish  workmen on May   1.
Certain' thin-skrnned und chicken-
hearted moralists profess horror at
the thought of some Socialist speaker or writer expressing a lack of
confidence' in the sincerity of the
church and clergy in its professions
of sympathy with the down-trodden
and oppressed workers of the world.
While these brutal acts against Russian workmen are bejng committed
with ever-increasing frequency and
savagery; while all the barbarities
that fiendish ingenuity can devise ure
being perpetrated upon these unhappy people, and even to an extent that
would put the naked and unredeemed
savage to the blush, the church and
clergy, of this and all other so-called
Christian lands, is as dumb as an
oyster. No denunciation from the
pulpit is thundered forth against the
Russian rulers for their blasphemous
conduct against every precept taught
by the Xazurine, whom these pulpiteers profess to follow. Were evidence
needed to convince the most skeptical that the church and clergy were
participle criminis in the brigandage
of the ruling class, their attitude of discreet silence in regard to
the horrors of Russian ruling class
savagery ought to lie quite sufficient.
The press, gleefully as it were,
chronicles such of these horrors as
reach the outside world in much the
same wuy us they would any others
that might bring nickels to their
coffers. An occasional editorial protest is made, but of such a weak sort
as to cause suspicion that it emina-
ted from some home for the feebleminded. It remains for the Sociul-
ist, he who is supposed to be a heretic, an atheist, an infidel, a sinner,
and to have no reverence for religion
or respect for moral or ethical precept or teachings, to alone lift his
voice in protest against these acts
of savagery. In no country of the
earth does the Socialist even by silence give comfort to tho brutal rulers of Russia or other lands. These
rulers aro all tarred with the sumo
stick and if opportunity offers will
let loose the same savage instincts
that are today writing Russian history in the blood of the working
any one reads the poor, old World
anyway, and none take it seriously.
There is a reason for this. As decaying offal breeds low types of life
thot writhe and wriggle and squirm |
once their habitat is disturbed, so
does decadent capitalism breed sirrti-j
lar loathsome types. In either case]
they are as offensive to the eye as |
their habitat is to the nostrils of j
decent people- In either case their i
loathsomeness is exceeded in magni-
tuho only by that of their insignifi-'
c a rice.
flaT" Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note. 	
It seems that the Record Foundry
and Machine Company of Moncton
and Montreal, has made application
to the city council for some sort of
u bonus to assist it in establishing
u manufacturing plant in this city.
This has brought forth u somewhat
mild editorial protest from the Daily
Province, in which the following
lines  occur:
"When a municipality subsidizes an
enterprise for the purpose of securing
its location within its boundaries it
establishes a precedent which is constantly cited in favor of other applicants, and is likely to be abused
by interested und designing individuals such as are found in every community. Such a concession, too, is
an admission on the part of the
authorities that the locality is not
the natural and proper centre in
which the industry should be operating The enterprise which is unable
to flourish without adventitious support has really no right to exist If
If it can exist without such support
it has no right to solicit charity."
As the Province is a C. P. R. organ, and it is weil known that that
company would not "solicit charity," nor under any circumstances accept a "bonus" or other "adventitious support," this protest should
not be lightly treated. Coming from
such a source it should bear considerable specific gravity. In fact it
is almost enough to upset one's gravity to think of it.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
of It. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening In the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 818 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock In the Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box S.'ie, Vancouver, B.  0.
J. Euwakd Bum. a  C. BsrwiN-jAcm
•ilLll    K    Ml I lions,. N
Railway Block     Til   ttty.   P.O. B-i !KU
324 Nastiaos Street      -     Vmcmvit, I. C
f$9*Every Labor I'mon ,., ., .,
viud to place a card under thu hZ?1***!
month.    Secretaries pleat uum ** Wj
Phoenix Trades and Labor r
Meets every alternate x,0^
John Riordan, president- 1°}^!
Brown, vice-president 'p 7!W
casse sergeant-at-arms'; to Hi!
bury, secretary-treasurer u )S
198, Phoenix, B. C. ° 1
Phoenix      Miners'   Union   ^
VV. If. M.    Meet.   ^ M
evening   st  7 10 o'clock in ie
u.ii        nr_      •¥»___ "in   U
hall.    Wm.  Barnett, president.
chie P. Berry, secretary
Nanaimo Miners* Union, No •,
F. M.    meets every third Satlil
from July 2.   Alfred Andrew, J
idem; Jonathan    Ishcrw00(| 'p?
Box 250,  Nanaimo,  11. fj. \tttji
ing secretary. ,;
Or. W.J. Curry
Cor Burrard and Robson Sti
will be burned into the minds ofall
sections of tho working class before
another election comes around.—Chicago  Socialist.
While the capitalist press is persistent in implying that the purpose of
first of May demonstrations upon the
part of the workers is to create disturbance and indulge their propensity for riot und bloodshed, it is particularly noticeable that where they
are allowed to engage in these demonstrations and celebrations unmolested no events could more completely take on the character of pegce
und good order. Although demonstrations 'were held in the various
cities of France on Monday last, no
disorderly manifestations occurred
outside of some trivial affair at
Brest and Etienne. In Rome and
other parts of Italy meetings of
workmen were held which were followed by fetes and visits to the
country. In Austria the day passed
oil quietly. In Vienna .'10,000 workmen paraded without disorder. In
Berlin, Germany, the Socialists celebrated the day in 52 halls. Sixty-
six trades unionv also held meetings.
The attendance ia described as having been greater than ever before on
a May Hay. The interests of workmen do not centre around riot, disturbance, war und bloodshed. They
centre around the instruments and
the arts of peaceful industry. If
their rising aspirations for emancipation from the thraldom of capitalist exploitation lie allowed free expression along peaceful lines, their
freedom may be arrived at without
disturbance and bloodshed. If repressive measures /be resorted to,
however, they will bo forced to resort to drastic action, and the ruling class that would thus attempt to
thwart their purpose will assuredly
pay the penalty. Tho emancipation
of labor is strictly in lino with human progress and will bo accomplished no matter whut the cost.
The   International   Brotherhood
Electrical Workers.-|.„(a| J
Meets   second   and   fourth   Th
day. at I. R. E. VV. Hall. R.J3
Ingleside     Block.        President
Bluckstock;   recording s„Te,     j
Mcllougall;   financial  secretary
Elsden.       Address    all    commjj
tions   to   Ihe   hall.   All  tojonrfj
brethren cordially invited
The Vancouver World, the loading
comic paper on the coast, rather
outdid itself in reporting the May
Day festivities and solemnities of the
local Socialists. By means of scare-
head lines, an inoocent little picnic,
attended by perhaps a couple of hundred persons, held In North .Vancouver during the daytime, and an ordinary-sized public meeting in the
Vancouver City Hall in the evening,
were given an importance that such
quite commonplace affairs scarcely
Such headlines as 'SocioJiHts Declare War on Christians—Hawthornthwaite and Parker Williams Made
Inflammatory Speeches—Theory of
Eternal Damnation a Pack of Lies-
How Fools Were Worked at Victoria
—Trades Unions as Bad as Hell,"
aro Intended to arouse the prejudice
of the unthinking, but tho day has-
passed when the average person can
be Influenced by the ribald mouthing^
of these   obscure   sheets.       Scarcely
We have been told many a time and
oft that this is a Christian country,
and being so it goes without saying
that the cross is the most sacred em- j
Idem therein, yet we hear no word
of protest from anyone as to the use|
to which the cross has been put dur- j
ing the last week in some of the stores
on Main street in this city. In one |
window at this time of writing a
largo cross can be seen placed there
for the purpose of drawing attention
of the passer-by to the underwear by
which it is surrounded. . In another
window may tie seen a still larger
cross with the figure of a woman
kneeling at the foot, and against tho
cross itself is placed a placard bearing the legend, "latest out," which
may or*may not apply to the lady.
In yet another window a cross appears to be considered an appropriate background for the display of
articles for sale, and instead of the
figure usually associated with this
emblem a strirjg of gold watches is
attached to it, fit attachment for a
people whose god is gold.
To commerce, base, sordid commerce, nothing is sacred. That the
class which upholds religion will consent to si' debase the supposedly sacred symbol of their religion goes to
prove the contention of the believer
in economic determinism, viz.: That
religion is supported by the ruling
class solely for the purpose, to assist
in keeping in subjugation the working class. The silence of the pulpit
on the subject gives still further
proof that  this is the case.
—Spartacus in Winnipeg Voice.
Three persons were shot, two stabbed, and fully a score received bruises
and scalp wounds in Chicago on
April 29, in connection with the
teamster's strike. In numerous parts
of the city hand-to-hand conflicts between union and non-union men. He
who stubbornly refuses to Isee in
these disgraceful conflicts between
workmen over possession of jobs,
any evidence of the class struggle
between wage slaves and masters ia
dubbed an "impossibilist." The dictionary of the future will define "im-
possibllst'' as meaning he who found
it impossible to reduce his reasoning faculties to the level of those of
an ass. v
Tfct OMtit Labor Paper la r.mu
Alwvys a fearlews exponent in rij
cause ofJalxir.
For one dollar the pn|i r will i»
sent to any nddre«s for one vtar,
Workingmen of nil cou'tric ,1:
•ion recognire the fact that 'lift
inuht .'ippott and read their Ul«
Issued even- Friday.
The Voice Publishing Co„ Liniid
During the Coal Miners' Convention held in Springfield some time
ago, while discussing thu subject of
legislation desired by the miners,
several of the speakers referred to
such legislation as something they
were "entitled to."
During this same convention. Comrade Ambroz, the socialist representative, was invited to address the
■convention. Ho referred to the
speeches of the delegates who claimed
that they were entitled to some consideration at tne hands of the legislature, and emphatically told the
miners that they were entitled to
nothing; they were there as begggrs
and pleaders. At that time the miners did not see the point. Several
months of futile attempting to get
their bills for safeguarding the lives
of their members passed by the Illinois legislature has changed their
Ono of the miners' officials who has
worked hard for the bills, protecting
the lives of the miners, met. Colorado
Ambroz last week, Comrade Ambroz
asked him how his bills were progressing. He looked at Ambroze and
smiled, lie said: "Ambroz, I remember that speech of yours at our convention.     We  are  not  entitled  to    a
d   thing.     I  am now  convinced
thot the Socialists are right. We
{.ore not entitled to anything, except
j that   which ,-we  havo   tho   power   to
Jt is  to  tie hoped  that this truth
Miners 'Magazim
Published  Weekly  by  the
Weittro Federation 01 Minert
A   Vigorous  Advocate of Lalnju|
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year *1.00.       Six Months,
Denver, Colorado.
Kurtz's Ofvn       -.
Kurtz's Pioneers   [JjffJ
Spanish Blossoms
C    PETERS    Practical Be«t I
Hand-Made Boots and Shots in order in
all stylrs.   Repairing promptly awl neatly done,    stock  of staple  ready-raadi
Shoes always ou hsud.
14Jl WettaiMtof Ave      Meat Pleimtl
155 Cordova Street
And have it rejuvenated with w*|
life. Old Hats Cleaned, Pressed m
Made as Good as New bj e*p«l
workmen and-at  moderate cost.
Elijah Leard.
United Hatters of North America
Wheo you ar* buying a FUR HAT see to It ""'I
tha Uenulne Union Label l« sewed In It. If a retaiwl
ha* loose labels In his possession nnd olTers to r,jll
one In a hat for you, do not patronize him. t-00*!
labels In retail stores are counterfeits. The irsriuWI
Union Label ia perforated on four edges, exactly |MI
same aa a postage stamp. Counterfeits are no0"!
times perforated en three edges, and some time" """I
on two. John B. Stetson Co., of Philadelphia " '|
non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, President, Orange. N. •'
MARTIN   LAWLOR.   Secretary,    ll  VV averly    '''""I
New York.
OCIALISM Is Inevitable. That means onr economic nnd socls1
development will some day make It clear even to the dullest roma
tbat a solution of our industrial problems is possible only hy industrial co-operation. But are we to look on passively and »'«
until tbe mind more doll and dense than our owii,h»« »''"„
reasoned It out all by itself ? Certainly not. We want to get tnen
sooner. And we will get there In tbe near future if we set to won
and educate tbe man who ia still groping in the dark. We know
things will make bim see the light some day, but we want him
to see it now. Therefore oar incessant propagauda and ««'";
tion. To do good work you need good tools. Select yonr props
ganda material carefully and yon will see results. Two i>"ok"
  well tried as means of Socialist propaganda are .   , _,„
MODERN SOCIALISM. 5thEdition; ISOPagia; Paper25c, Cloth 75c
238 Pages; Paper 35c. Cloth S1W
both written by the Rwr. CHA8. H. VA1X. They hafe made thousands of Sociali'M
by their simple and conTincing presentation of the principles of Socialism. TeBW*
holders of the Comrade Co-operative Co. they are sold at a discount of 40 per cent.
Any Socialist may acquire by monthly payments ef 00 cents a $8.00 share l«1JJJ
Co-operative Publishing Honse and thereby enjoy special rates for "The Comrade
*,", 0^f«i0^I,^il^ater/U..R0^'iit»a4 a,°°^ Hitch your wagon to the
May 6,  1005
Its Historical Tendency,   by Karl ilurx.
B   11    is
Ului t   does  the  primitive  accumula-
of capital,   i-   o.,  its historical
resolve itself- into?    In so fur
not   immediate   trunsformu-
,    uf  slaves  and  serfs  into    wage-
liorers, and therefore a mere change
form, 'l only means the exproprl-
li.iii of  I'10 imniediate producers,  i.
the dissolution of private proper?
based on  the labor of its owner.
Irjvate property us the antithesis to
,1,     collective     property,    exists
where   tho  means  of  labor  and
xiernul  conditions  of  labor  be-
to private individuals.    Hut uc-
S    ll
dingly  us   those  private   indlividii-
0re laborers or are not laborers,
•ivute property has a dlllerent char>
Iter.     I'"' numberless shades   that
ul   (list  sight  presents,  correspond
i In. Intermediate stages lying be-
,.,,11  these two  extremes..
l'l lie private property of the laborer
his  means  of  production   is   the
Iniiilaii'iii of petty  industry,  whelh-
(igrlculturali   manufacturing,    or
jth     petty   industry,   ugain,   is  an
en'tlal condition   for tne develop-
,.1,1  uf social  production and of the
Individuality of the laborer him-
|n      Of course,   this petty  uiode  of
iluitiiin exists ulso under   slavery,
ilnin   and   other   states    of    inde-
Indence.     Hut   it   nourishes,  it  lets
,,. its whole energy, it attains its
,(iuale  classical   form,   only   where
lo borer   is   the   private  owner  of
nun   means  of   labor,   set   in  ac-
jiii  bj   himself:   the  peasant  of    the
|nl  which he cultivates,  the arti/.a
the   tool    which  he handles ns
rluoHO,     This   mode   of   production
supposes   parcelling   of the soil,
kl scattering of the other means of
Juliii lion. As it excludes the collocation of these meuns of produc-
so also it excludes co-opera-
tn, division of labor within each
luii'iitc process of production, the
linn! over, and the productive ap-
mliun of the forces of Nature by.
I'lct.' , and the free development of
icial productive powers. It is
input idle only with a system of
Iduction, and a society moving
lliin narrow and more or less pri-
lii\e bounds. To perpetuate it
|uld be, as Pecqueur rightly says,
decree universal mediocrity." At
ci'iiain stage of development it
pigs forth the material agencies
its own dissolution, From that
■iiMiit new forces and new passions
|ing up in the bosom of society;
ihe old organization fetters them
keeps tIii-iii down. It ,must be
lihiiated . it is annihilated. Its
|iinhiiinn. the transformation of
Individualized and scattered
Ins of production Into socially
■ntrated ones, of the pigmy proof the uiuny into the huge proof the few, ihe expropriation
the great mass of the people from
soil, from the means ol subsist-
. nnd from the means of labor,
fearful and painful expropriation
I!!••  mass of  the  people,  forms  the
ude to the history  of capital.    It
|iprises   u   series   of  forcible  nicth-
uf  which  we have passed  in re-
only those that have bean epoch-
ing as methods of the primitive
Inundation of capital.     The expro-
ition of the Immediate producers
accomplished with merciless van-
-iii,   anil   under   Ihe   stimulus    <>l
•inns the most  infamous, the most
(did, ihe pettiest, the most mean-
odious,     Self-earned   private  pro-
|ty.  that  is based,  so to say.    on
fusing   together   of   the   isolated.
i'|ii'iidcnt  laboring-individual   with
conditions  of  his  labor,   is  sup-
lliti'd   by   capitalistic   private   pro-
whlch rests on exploitation of
nominally  free   labor   of  others,
on wage-labor.
s  soon  as  this  process  of  truns-
Juation has sufficiently decomposed
old society from  top to bottom.
soon   as   the   laborers  are   turned
1 proletarians,  their meuns of lu-
nito capital,  ns soon as the ca
fclist   mode  of   production    stands
| its own feet,  then  the further so-
ition of labor ami further translation   of  tho    land    and     other
tins of production into socially ex-
|itcd     und,       therefore,     commoo
his of product ion,   as  well  ns  the
tlicr expropriation  of private pro-
inrs.   takes  a  new   form.       That
'I'   is   now   to  he  expropriated   is
longer  the  laborer     working  for
I'^'lf.  btit   the capitalist  exploiting
WJ   laborers.     This   expropriation
JMoiiiplished by  the action of  the
fianent  laws of capitalist produc-
Itself, by the centralization   of
lltal,    One capitalist  always kills
l"V     Hand in hand wilh this cen-
fizntlon, or this expropriation of
■V  capitalists by few, develop, on
War extending scale, the co-operu-
' form  of the  labor  process,    the
licfous  technical    application     of
I'1"'1',   the    methodical    cultivation
I"11'   soil,   the   transformation    of
instruments of labor into lnrftm-
of labor only  usable in com-
the   economizing   of  nil    the
of production by their use, as
"leans of production of combined,
I'ulizetl labor,  tho entanglement of
['copies  in  tho net   of  the    world
sTKet,   and   witn   this,   the  internu-
character    of   the  capitalistic
Along with  the constantly
"ushing number of the magnates
I'lipitnl,  who usurp and monopol-
advantages of this process of
|nsfornintion,  prows   the mass   of
r|y. oppression,  slavery, degrade-
'•  PXplpitation;   but    with    this,
•  grows   the  revolt   of  the  work-
clnss,   n   class always  increasing
I'Miinbers,  nnd disciplined,    united,
fnnr/ed by the very mechanism of
Process   of capitalist  production
The monopoly  of capital bo-
a fetter upon tne mode of pro-
wh.'ch  has    sprung up and
luished  along with,  nnd under it.
T'fnlizntion  of tho means of pro-
|"on and socialization of labor nt
roach   a  point  where   fihev be-
*'<'  incompatible   with  their rnpi-
"itegumont.     Tho   Integument,
asunder.    The knell of capi-
expropriators are expropriated.
The capitalist mode of appropriation, the result of the capitalist
mode of production, produces cupituU
ist private property. This is the
lirst negation ul individual private
property us founded on Uie lubor of the proprietor. Hut capitalist production begets, with the
inexorability Of u Jaw of Nature, its
own negation. H is the negation of
negation. This does not reestablish
private property for the . producer,
but gives him individual property
based on the acquisitions of the capitalist era: i. e., on co-operation
and the possession in common of the
land and the means  of  production.
The transformation of scattered
private property, arising from individual labor, into capitalist private
property is, naturally, a process, incomparably more protracted, violent,
and difficult, than the transformation
of cupitulist private property, already practically resting on socialized production, into socialized property.     In   the  former  case,   we  had
the expropriation af the mass of the
people by a few usurpers; in the latter we have the expropriation of a
few usurpers by the muss of the people.
That Comrade C, M. O'Brien, who
was torced to cut short his trip
through the Interior or the province
owing to private affairs which necessitated a trip to eastern Canada,
is allowing no opportunity to get in
a word for the movement to slip by
without taking advantage of it, may
be seen by the following taken from
the  Winnipeg Telegram  of  April 21.
C. M. O'Brien, organizer for the
Socialist Party of Canada, wus the
speaker at a crowded meeting in the
Trades hall yesterday evening. The
subject, of the address was "The Historic  Mission of the Working Class."
The speaker touched on the amount
of distress and misery among 'the
workers in ull civilized countries, and
to understand tho reason of this the
working cluss must study the history
of wealth production, Aa the tool
of production changed, so did all social, political and religious Institu-
tians change. In the days of human
slavery prisoners of war were killed
and eaten. At a later period, when
a mun was able to produce more
than his own means of subsistence, it
became profitable to make slaves of
the prisoners. This system gave way
in its turn to the feudal system, and
il in its I urn gave waj to the present capitalist system, under which
Ihe worker obtains ii mere sut).-.rst-
;nce, the surplus going to the own
era of the tools of "production, the
capitalist   class.
The  revelations  of    Lawson    and
others us lo the Working of the capitalist system, show what a hideous
monster it is, but the wuil of Law-
son   and   the  others  deals   only    with
that part of wealth which tho workingman does not get in any case,
and so does not directly concern him.
The speaker showed how little hope
there was for the working cluss under
tho capitalist, system, The army of
the unemployed is necessary for the
success of the capitalist class, and
it is an ever growing army.
The enormous and continued accumulation of wealth which the working class cannot buy nnd the capitalist class cannot consume, shows
that this system is drawing to an
end. The capitalist system is smothering in  its own rat.
The historical mission of the working class is to convert capitalist property Into collective working-class
property, and to do this knowledge
of economics is necessary, and the
possession of tho reins of government .
All The Working Men
Buy Their
The Belfast Store
L. Richmond
37 Hastings Street, East.
Noxt Door to Mason's.
rounding circumstances under  which
it   Is effected,   us,   for  instance
the  power  und  enlight
classes   thai
which arc
fii'lllt.v    be
raiment of the
ure    concerned,    all of
matters that can with dif-
foretold;  furthermore, -the
unexpected"  may  happen,  and  this
is  an element   that  lias played    the
prominent  role in the" history
of mankind
It goes without saying that Socialists wish this unavoidable transition
could be effectod with do friction, or
as little friction as possible, in a
peaceful way and with the consent of
tne whop- people. Unfortunately,
however, history will take its own
course regardless of the wishes of
both Socialists and their adversaries.
Neverthelens, this much may be
said with certainty: even though the
COUrso of events should force the
transit ion from capitalist to Socialist production via the road of confiscation,    11 conomje   development
that hns proceeded us would render
necessary the confiscation of only a
part of existing property, The economic .development demands social
ownership in the implements of la-
bon only; it does not concern itself
With, nor does it touch, thnt part of
property that is devoted to personal
and private uses. Lei us take one
illustration, furnished b.v capitalism
itself. What are savings banks?
Thev are the means whereby the private property of non-capitalist clusses is rendered accessible to the capitalists; the deposits of every single depositor arc, taken separately,
too insignificant to be applied to a
capitalisl industry; not until many
deposits have been gathered together
are they .in a condition to fulfil the
function of "capital;" In the same
measure In which capitalisl undertakings shall pass from private into
social concerns, the opportunities
will be lessened for would-be patrons
of savings banks to receive interest
upon their deposits: these will cease
to be cii|iital and will become purely non-interost-drawing funds. That,
assuredly,   is  not   confiscation.
The  confiscation   of  such  property,
is.  moreovor,  not   only economically
unnecessary,   but   politically improbable.      These   small   deposits   proceed !
iiininl.v   from   the  pockets  of  the    exploited   class,   from   those   classes   to
whose efforts mainly tho Introduction
of Socialism will  be due.    only   he
who    considers    these   classes   to   be I
utterly   senseless    can    believe    they I
would    begin    by  first   robbing them- i
selves   of   their   hard-earned   savings;
in order to regain possession of their
instruments    of    production.— Karl1
Editor  Western  Clarion:
We who attended the rresbyterian
Young People's meeting last Monduy were treated to quite a debate
on whether riches caused more crime
than poverty. Poverty won out.
The only thing it does win out iu is
crime and starvation. The learned
gentleman gave us some very good
theories und statistics und 1 think
if both sides of the case were put together it would make very good material for some of us Socialists to
use in describing conditions us cuus-
ed by private ownership of the means
of wealth production and distribution. It is .surprising that those
gentlemen knowing statistics so well
do not give us u hunh in remedying
these evils. Al might be thut they
have no time to spend on the "ma-
teriul" elevation of the masses as
they are kept pretty busy looking
after their oun welfare, spiritual and
They uppear to one who looks below the sin face as penny wise and
pound foolish when looking only to
their own advancement, they neglect
their    duty    to   society   and   the   so-
-  Out   Victoria Advertisers -
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
3- S «nd 7 STORE 5TKBET
Telephose 196 VICTORIA, 8. C.
and Poultry Food to obtain
best  results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
wUPJInAULS, strike at the ballot
box on Klecticn day, and be sure
to strike  the
Rock  Bay Hotel
When  In  Victoria.
ARNASON BROS., Proprietors
The Socialist members in the parliament of Denmark are making a
vigorous light inv an eight-hour bill.
The government has ut iast been
forced to appoint n Commission to
enquire  into  industrial  conditions.
culled portion, who as a'result of
their poverty of mind and body en1-
(lunger   the   welfare  of everyone.
All these gentlemen are avowed
old-party men. and as all should
know, old parties should stand for
the perpetuation of such conditions
as exist today, i. e„ wage slavery.
One of the debaters suid that Carnegie's wealth wns got by crime, and
cited the instance of the Homestead
tragedy. Another one said that
Cnrnegie.fjhaving come from the lower walks, was stared in the face by
the night-mare of poverty, and he
will commit crime to keep away froju
poverty.    \
Our position is that it is unjust lo
open the resources and equipments
of our bread-getting to those 'commercial buccaneers and brigands to
rapture and gamble with as they
please. It is much as though they
\wro gambling with the very souls
and  bodies of men.
We, of Nanaimo, had an ehxibition
of ii preacher running some tin horns
to earth here, and it became the talk
of what a brave, man he wus to withstand -the wrath of these gamblers.
Poor Tin Horn, he is but a product
of 'our cruel system. I can tell the
Rev. Preacher, that. I respect the Tin
Horn far more than the men that
glyo $100,00(1 to the Missionary Society and which was accepted with
few dissenting voices. 1 can dodge
the Tin Horn any time, but the other man takes the very cream off my
food before I ever see it. In fact,
lakes what he pleases from us and
never even gives us the chance to
gamble for it. The Tin Horn, fair
sport, lays the cards before us to
take a chance at it, but he would be
put in jail if caught; the other fellow gives his money to missionary,
und  the  Preacher keeps quiet.
All the effects of the class struggle
are well lenawn to these debating
gentlemen, and in their arguments
they stated that all actions had their
reactions, meaning cause and effect.
They give the effect to the public,
but the cause they seem never to
have studied. Is it. that Marx and
Kngels' works were written in vain
for them? Maybe they think the old
parties can alter things. They have
been running things for a long time
nnd we are getting the worst of the
deal  right   along,   and   it.  is  time  we
Colonial Bakery
■2<J  Johnson  .St.,   Victoria,  B.C.
Delivered to any part of the citj.   Ass
Driver   to   call,     -I'hons  849.
Patronize  Clarion Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for 13.75.
Bundles of 25 or more copies   to
one address at  the rate of one cent
Victoria General Agent for The
P. 0. Sox 444
MurtKtirtr tl
> He. • Centre St.
71 Sovtraaiit Street, Victoria, S. C.
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
ii; conventi in a rembled, affirm ou-
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog.arc, of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should 'uctly belong.. To trie
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
owners of the means of wealth pro- l for the purpose of setting up and en-
dralion belongs the product of labor. I forcing the economic, program, of
The present rcoiu mic system is based  the working class, as follows:
took  a hand  in  running things ourselves.
Why don't these gentlemen wake
up from their sleep and strike out
for something that will change these
conditions and clear poverty from
the land,  anil  with it crime.
Socialism will abolish poverty. Socialism presents nn organized movement and a social program to abolish the unnatural elements that bind
men to this tragedy of our bread-getting.
Just picture what you would feel
like were 3'ou torn away by lack of
work from family.' home, etc., and
in a strange town with nothing to
eat and no job in sight. You might
be tempted to do things different to
what you would were you in your
fine, cosy home. That is the condition of millions, through lack of
work. fn conclusion I might say
that their way of working it, conditions are like a man that has
boils. He works away poulticing
each one as they rome. but if he
goes to a doctor he would say, "my
man, your system is out of order
nnd needs cleansing. Here is some
medicine to clear your blood, and
you will hove no more boils when it
is cleared." I hope these gentlemen
will next time get at the cause as
well ns they did at the effect.
Class   Conscious.
Nanaimo,  May 8,  1906.
The doctrine of "love your neighbor" has no doubt been a potent factor in lilting the race to its present
high plane of moral und ethical culture. Christian civilization that
now extends its beniflcent influence
over a goodly portion of the globe,
evidently has still further work to
ilo before "peine on earth" is thoroughly established. To help the
good work along the Krupps, of Essen. Prussia have been compelled to
increase their working force from
21,i>n0 to .Ki.OOO men in order to
fill huge artillery contracts for Germany. Russia and other countries.
The machine gun makes an efficient
missionary to convey the gospel of
salvation to those who thirst, after
A successful capitalist invasion of
Crete has evidently taken place, as
the. press dispatches report the island
over-run with brigands.
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary-increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the information sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pupil, the student and the litterateur, there
is nothing better; it covers everything.
The New and Enlarged Edition recently issued us* 25,000 Dew words aud phrases, a completely revised Biographical Dictionary and
Gaaetteer or tbe World, 2880 pages sod MOO
Our name Is on the title-pages of all tbe
authentic dictionaries of the Webster series.
A Tsst in Pronunciation" which affords s
pleasant and instructive evening's entertain
ment.  Illustrated pamphlet also free,   f
G. * C. MEBKIAM CO., Pubs., Springfield, 1
Tne bill reducing the term of compulsory military service in France
from three to two years has passed
both houses of the French parliament, and is now law. It also abolishes certain privileges whereby the
wealthy could evade the service.
Duririg the ten years intervening
between the Eleventh and Twelfth
United States Census, the wage of
the silk workers shows the following
falling ofT: Men from $.531 to $412
per year; women from $276 to $271;
children from $158 to $141. The
proportion of women and children
employed increased. The value of
the product increased greatly!
It ion,
The enemies of Socialism, who. to
hear them talk, one would imagine
know bet ler than the Socialists
themsrlves what they ure after, anil
who assume to forecast with greater
accuracy than Socialists tlo, also declare that Socialism can never come
into power except through a wholesale confiscation of properly, in-
cluiling the furniture ami the small
savings uf the industrious poor.
.Next to tne charge of contemplating
the "abolition" of the family, this
one of "confiscation" Is a favorite
one with the mouthpieces of capitalism.
Confiscation is not  at   all  essential
to   Socialist   society,     The   Socialist
program   is  silent,   upon   the   subject.
It does not  mention It, not  because
il    is    afraid    of  frightening  people
avvav,  but   because it   is not a subject  upon which anything can be said
with cartainty.    The only thing that
can  be stated with certainty is that
the tendency of tho economic development   renders   imperative   the   social
and   national   ownership   and   operation of 1he instruments of large production.     In what   way this  transfer
from private anil individual  into collective    ownership    will   be  effected ;
whether  this  inevitable  transfer  will
take the form of conliscalion or otherwise,   whether   it   will   be  a   peaceable  or   a    forcible     one—these     are
questions   as   impossible    to    answer
today  with  certainty ns it  was impossible  to answer similar questions
wilh certainty forty years ago upon
the subject  of Ihe abolition  of cluit-
tle   shivery,   or  as   impossible   as   il
was   to   answer  similar  questions    a
hundred   and   twenty-live  years    ago
upon   the subject   of  restraining    the
Crown anil Parliament of Great Britain from reducing the American colonists to the condition of the   East
Indian ryots.    Neither cun past evidence  give  much   aid   in   this  doubt.
Tim   transition   may   be  effected,    ns
was  thut  from feudalism to capitalism,   in  ns  many  different   ways   ns
there   ure   different     countries.     The
innnner  of   the     transition     depends
fwholly   upon   tho   special   nnd   sur-
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, < t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (na-
the capitalist class.   The capitalist is j tural resources, factories, mills, rail-
master; the worker is slave. I ways, etc.,) into*the collective proper-
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the   state will be
ty of the working class.
a.   Thorough and   democratic   organization and management of indus-
used to protect and defend their pro-  try by the workers,
perty rights in the means of wealth      3    The  estaWjshmenti  as  speedily
production and their control of the  w po8Sibje> of productj0n for use in-
product of labor. |8tead 0f production for profit.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
struggle for possession of the powei
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rtle of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it. t>
In accordance «nth this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands in such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
(£T   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
.Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political sprernacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and* which necessitates the organization of the workers into, a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter Into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself tcrsupport by voire,
vote und all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age         Citizen	
Admitted to Local..., 19-
 Chairman         Rec.-vSec
Newspaper Publishing
W/E AIlR MAKIN0 ft specify
^V  / of     newspaper    publishing,
and nre prepared   to   give       ♦
estimates on printing   all   kinds    of
weekly  or  monthly  publications,     if
'■on are thinking of publishing   any
kind of pamphlet or other matter necessitating a large amount of typesetting, come to us as we are par
The Western Clarion
PO. BOX 836                                                 VANCOUVER, B. G.
ticularly equipped for Just sucn work.
Also  anything in  the  way  of office
stationery,  business   cards   and advertising matter handled  with neatness and despatch.
Mail  orders for Job   Printing from
other districts will  be promptly executed to the letter and sent return
mail.    Prices the same as for work
done in this city.     Try us with an
order.                                              /
■ i
, i Mi
■ M
■ -:l
..'   *V'Wy."-. -?.'-"'
Mays, 1905
Socialist Party of Canada
J. G. MORGAN, Secretary. Vancouver, B. 0.
Vancouver, II. C, May 2, 1905,
(Room 15, Masonic Block)—Present:
Comrades Peters (chairmanj, Wilkinson, Burns, Leah, Organizer Kings-
ley and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and adopted.
The   following   correspondence   was
The following communications were
dealt   with;
From Greenwood Local, enclosing
$1 for due stamps and notifying
change  of secretary.
Received and complied  with.
From Vancouver Local enclosing
(2.60 for due stamps and monthly
Received  and  complied   with.
The  secretary    was    instructed    to
write tb the various local secretaries
the rate of i enquiring   if  they   would  consent    to
I have  their names and addresses pub-
Soctatist  ^bed   In  a  directory  in  the  Western
dealt with:
From   the   International
Bureau,  Brugsells,  fixing
application at $20.
From   the   International
Bureau  enclosing report  of its  acti^
vitles for February and  March.   Re-i a   Receipts.
ceived  and   filed. | Greenwood  Local,  due stamps $1
due stamps    5
.  .      e,. i      .   .■ , ■ "ananda  Local
A  warrant for $14 wus drawn for   • •„,. „.,,„.   ,    .  ,     .        ,                or,,
.   .. Vancouver  Local,  due stamps...  2 ol)
printing account.
Total  $y oo
: BX.Provincial Executive
•     Socialist Party of Canada
- -   • i
Local Vancouver sends a very encouraging report. Their propaganda
meetings are well attended und con-
siderable    Interest   displayed.     They
!have had a
i t he  last   mi
of   11   members   in
• «•••••
Vancouver, 1J.C ., May 2, 1905,
(Room 10, Masonic Block)—Present:
Comrades Peters (chairman), Wilkinson, Leah, Burns, Organizer Kings-
ley  and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and adopted.
Local Vananda reports being somewhat Inactive but thai the dues are
being regularly collected. other
"inactive''   locals   take  note.
Comrade   Hallberg,   af  Greenwood,
reports  a   revival   of  interest   in   that
While we are not. disposed to bother to any great extent with the
troubles besetting the Socialist
movement on tne other side of the
line, there are still some phases of
the Wisconsin-Berger affair of more
than national consequence, The tendency displayed by the actions of
Milwaukee Socialists is one that may
be expected to manifest itself even
upon this side of the line upon occasion. It, therefore, behooves Canadian Socialists to closely observe the
action of our comrades of the States
in dealing with the matter. After
the vicissitudes of years gone by,
there comes promise from California
of a thoroughly proletarian Socialist
movement, revolutionary to the core.
At the state convention held last
October practically the whole of the
platform of iho Socialist Party of
Canada was adopted. Our San
Francisco comrades have takeu most
decided steps to express their attitude in regard to tho actions of Berger and his Milwaukee following.
The following resolutions, which
speak for themselves, have been sent
us by the California comrades with
request that we publish same, which
we cheerfully do:
The following resolutions were
adopted by local San Francisco at
its regular meeting,  April  17th:
Whereas Local Milwaukee, of the
Socialist Party , of Wisconsin, has
failed to place a full ticket in the
field for the municipal election to be
held in that city April 4, 1905, and
has thereby violated Article XII,
section 3 of the National Constitution,   to-wit:
"The platform of the Socialist
Party shall bo the supreme declaration of the party, and all the State
and Municipal Platforms shall conform thereto, and no state or local
organization shall, under any circumstances, fuse, combine, or compromise with any oUier political
party or organization or refruin
from making nominations in order
to favor the candidates of such other
organizations, nor shall any candidates of the Socialist Party accept.
any nomination or indorsement from
any other party or political organization."
Be it resolved, That we call upon
the State of Wisconsin to revoke the
charter of Local Milwaukee because
of  aforesaid  violation.
Be it further resolved, That in case
the State of Wisconsin fails to revoke the charter of Local Milwaukee
for the above-mentioned reason we
call upon tho National Executive
Committee to revoke the charter of
State of Wisconsin for having failed
to do its duty in the matter of party
Speaks on Revolutionary Working Clati Politics
The Socialist Party, taking advan- I we must take the tool of production
tago of   the  presence  in  Winnipeg  of   j*    ils    in^n^    or   most   primitive
' ... form.     and     trace    Us    development
the organizer of tne Dominion  orga-i       .n lQ tne present lime.    The tool
ai/ation. Sir. C. M. O'Brien, held a {0f production, or means by which we
meeting in the, Trades Hall on Sun- supply our material wants, common-
day night. A short meeting was* known as the economic instttu-
,   ,, ., , . , .        itions,  are the basis of all other ins-
held outside, at which two or three Lotions, and of every society that
members spoke, and when Wm. Scott ' has ever existed in history. The eco-
took the chair at the indoor meeting ! nomic  institutions  of any  given time
the hall   was filled to its utmost ca- ?*»*   wi,h   them, nat"r*\  econou»c
laws   that   are   the   chief   factors    in
pacity,   mai.v   persons being able   to, detPrmining  Inans   action,     and    in
find standing room only. *Mr.  Scott I ghaplng  or  forming  his  social  insti-
said  that   the  only  objectNof  adora-1 tutions,   political,   educational,   reli-
tiun   the   Socialist  held   sacred    was   pjous. etc.
truth  and  justice. ",,.,„.  „olitical.  educational  and reli-
Burns & Co. i
Upon tho first page of this issue
will be found a warning to young
women, who may contemplate visiting Portland, Oregon, during the
coming Lewis and Clark Exposition,
with the expectation of obtaining employment while there. Those at all
familiar with the dangers besetting
the pathway of young women who
chance to bo penniless, even under
normal circumstances and at ordinary times, in tnis beauteous commercial civilization, will understand the
necessity of emphasizing this warning. In this commercial age which
makes of human life and of every human attribute a thing of barter and
sale, the business instinct has become
so highly cultivated that no scruple
will be allowed to stand in the way
of profit making. Many a young woman at previous expositions, as well
us in the daily life of every great
metropolis, penniless and without
friends, has found herself face to face
with circumstances too horrible to
contemplate and which she has been
forced to submit to, the only alternative being starvation, in spite oi
all warnings this will no doubt be
tho experience ot many a young woman at Portland during Uie coming
summer. The Exposition at its best
will be but a vulgar display of plunder taken from an outraged working
cluss, and a manifestation of the
power of capital to neatly, expeditiously aud effectively carry on its
mission of robbing the workers. The
harpies, vampires and jackals of capital will be on hand in force ready
to take advantage of any person or
circumstance that may be turned to
profitable account.
That il becomes necessary to give
such a warning is a sad commentary
upon our boasted civilization. But
every young uouuui will do well to
hoed it.
C. M. O'Brien then spoke on the
"Mission   of   the  Working   Class."
He said in part:—According to the
dispatches which appear in the capitalist press, whose mission it is to
defend present-day society rather
than to expose its weakness, there
is a great deal of misery aud suffering throughout the capitalist world.
A great many people short of tho
necessaries of life. Now that we can
produce in abundance necessaries and
luxuries for every member of the hu-
niuli family, and now that we can
trnnspoi t such necessaries from any
part of the globe to any other in
such a short space of time, mid yet
so many should suffer becuuse they
are short of these necessaries of life,
can be accounted for and clearly understood only by acquiring m thorough knowledge of the natural economic laws that govern .society aud
the iron  law   that governs  wages.
When Newton discovered tho law
he called gravity, he wasted no time
or energy studying tactics or policy
to conform to the whims and prejudices of public opinion, but he made
known his discovery regardless of
the whims and prejudices of public-
opinion. So it was with Marx and
Engels when they discovered the natural  economic laws  that govern so-
lle or she who would impart
ciety, and the iron law that governs
wages. They made known their discoveries regardless of the whims or
prejudices of public opinion,
to humanity a knowledge' of any
natural laws must do exactly as did
the discoverers of these laws. They
must make known those laws regardless of the whims and prejudices of
the people In the labor movement
who spend their time and energy-
studying tactics and policy to conform to the whims and prejudices of
the working class, and doing the
working class a gross injury. What
the workers must know is the truth.
To thoroughly understand the nutur-
al economic, laws that govern society
and the iron law that governs wages,
Whereas. Victor L. Berger, of Milwaukee, a member of the National
Committee in the election held in
Milwaukee, 1905, not only advocated
and defended the action of Local
Milwaukee in its failure to place a
ticket in the field; but also advised
members of tho Socialist Party to
vote for a certain candidate on a
capitalistic ticket.
Be it Resolved, That we call upon
the National Executive Committee to
demand- the resignation of Victor L.
Berger as a memher of the National
Committee, and failing to do so, we
call upon the Natianal Executive
Committee to ask the State of Wisconsin to declare the seat of Victor
L. Berger vacant on the National
Adopted by Local San Francisco,
April  17,  1905.
Geo.   Williams,   org&nlzer.
.A. Began,  secretary.
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economic interests of the masters, or
ruling   classes   of   that   time.     When
the   individual   could   produce  merely
what   he  or  she  required   to   sustain
life,   slavery   did   not   exist,   because
there  was  no profit  in an  individual
owning    or    controlling    the    means
whereby the others had to live.   Then
the victors of war ate their captivesi
it   was   the  only   means  they  had   nf
getting  rid  of  them,   as  well   it   was
the chief incentive to war,  for it furnished   eatables   and     necessaries    of
life.      When   the   tool   of    product ion
developed   so   as   to   enuble   the   individual   to  produce  a  little   more  thun
he or   she   required   to     sustain  life,
then    the  victors     in   war   put   their
captives   to   work   as   slaves   to  cultivate   the  sail,   thus  cannibalism    became   immoral   and   illegal,   and slavery   became   moral   and   legal.     Tho
masters   of   the  ehuttLe   system   built
up  their social  institutions in obedience to,  and in conformity  with,  the
natural   economic   laws   that   sprang
up   from   the    economic    inst/itutions
whi h    they    owned    or    controlled.
When   that   economic   institution    or
tool   of  production  had  developed  to
that   stage   when   the   social   institutions   no    longer     conformed   to   the
new   laws   that   sprang   up   from    it,
then  a  revolution  took  place,    which
overthrew      the    social      institutions
which   composed   the   chattel   system
and   new    social     institutions     were
biolf   up   in  conformity  with  aod   in
obedience    to    the   economic  laws of
the new means of production.    These
new institutions composing  the feudal   system     reigned     supreme  in  the
early   part   of   the   fifteenth   century.
The  tool   of  production  had   developed so that the social  institutions no
longer   conformed   to   the   new   laws
that  sprnng up from It.    Then   a rer
volution  took  place which  overthrew
(he feudal system and new social institutions were built  up in conformity  with and  in obedience to the eco-
Second Band Dealers.
nomic laws that sprang up from the
new means of production. These
new social Institutions compose the
now bourgeois or capitalist system.
The speaker then went into detail
showing the gradusl development of
private property into capitalist property and the functions of the two.
That with the gradual transformation of private property tajto capitalist property the wage system had
become fully developed. The wage
system placed labor power in the
category of commodities. That the
exchange values of all commodities
was determined by the amount of
social labor time expended in sthis
production varying above and below
that according to supply and demand
and competition between buyers and
sellers. The price of the commodity
labor power (wages) therefore being
determined by the cost of subsistence
the laborer being able to praduce
about five times as much as it costs
him to exist, he therefore only receives the equivalent of about one- j
fifth of what he produces. With the I
supply of labor greater than the de-j
mand  and   with  everything   to  indi-j     l^abor    Advocate,   Albuquerque, N
cate that it will continue ta get still i M .   (iijp au vou piettse from the col-
< i
largest and cheapest stock of ' i
Cook Stoves in the City. "
Boom   Chains,    Augers,   Log- \\
gors'  Jacks, Etc.
We have moved into our now
and   commodious  premises :
138 Cordova St., Cast
'PIoh 1579       Vancouver, 8. G.
greater, its price (wages) must continue to come down to the lowest
possible amount on which the laborer can subsist. Heretofore the master has forced that surplus which he
took irom tho working class through
the wage system into the heathen
lands, but now that the heathens are
adapting themselves to the capitalist
method of production it is only a
matter of a very few years when they
will have a surplus for the world's
market.     Every country in the world
Uinni of  the  Western  durum,  but. b«
kind enough  to give credit for sunn...
C. II. 1.., Knderby, B. C—Looked
in vain for the stumps. Ilid yuu uui
forget to enclose them'.' Pamphlet*
will  be  forwarded  iu due course.
EASTER        f :   \
Corner Granville and
Pender Streets
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
Some of our exenuuges are greatly
wrought up because certain persons
"rob the government," as tnoy put
it. They claim that Uockefeller and
George Gould, through powerful influences at Washington, have gobbled
up the coal lands of severul western
states, without, much cost to themselves. Just why such a fuss should
bo made is not clear. Thu government belongs to tho Uockerfeller-
tiould tribe and if they have taken
over some good things in the shape
of coul lauds, etc., it is only equivalent to taking their own things out
of tneir own trunk. Surely no person should be accused of theft for
doing that.
And now comes word that the non-
iiiiion teamsters of Chicugo are to
be armed with Winchester rides with
which to protect thonisolves ugaiust
the assaults uf the striking unionists
whose weapons have so far been con-
lined to brickbats, pieces of lead pipe,
etc. Verily, the class struggle is
waxing fierce upon the economic field,
it stands the capitalists in liund to
remain away from the scone of hostilities lost some of them receive accidental  injuries.
It is being predicted that '''open revolt and bayonet" will be resorted
to by the Polish working people in
Uio , near future, as present conditions are becoming intolerable. The
Buss declares the "government must
act promptly if awful carnage is to
be avoided." "Awful carnage," of
course, means the slaughtering of
useless parasites. When governments
act in these matters no carnage results.
A row at a prohibition meeting in
Texas resulted in the killing of four
men. It seems that whisky is not
the only liquid possessing fighting
qualities.    Texas water is also in it.
Schwab, of the Shipbuilding Trust,
is said to have secured a huge contract for warships from the Russian
government. This will keep the
Trust's slaves irS good humor for a
time, ns they will have work. That
is all the average modern slave needs
to make himself believe he is having
a good  time.
The Japanese comrades who are
now in prison for having published
a translation of the Communist Manifesto, are allowed to write but one
letter per month to their friends outside. Needless to say this Is carefully censored by the prison officials.
Japanese capitalist rule is abreast
of the times.
Press dispatches assert that "all
Poland is in a h'reat conflagration of
Socialism, the terror of which is
everywhere exciting u terrible panic." It is not difficult to imagine
to what, portion of Poland's peo
pie this "conflagration" appears as
a "terror," and are consequently
panic-stricken thereat. The thieving
class are becoming subject to tho
shivers in most countries at present.
The  dress  reformers  tell  us  that as
long as women wear
The awful, dreadful, dragging skirts,
they can't got anywhere
On scheduled time; but any one with
half an ounce of brains
Knows that, were they to cut them
off,   they  still   would  miss   their
— o ■ •—
According to the news dispatches
of April 29, many fights were occurring in the streets of Chicago Incidental to the teamsters' strike. It
is especially noticeable that these
disgraceful affairs were carried on
between union and non-union workers, and not between workingmen
and capitalists.
 o —
Roosevelt is about to appoint
Sherman Bell, of Colorado fame, to
look after American business interests in Venezuela. Just the man for
the job. A splmdid specimen of the
strenuous typo. What's the matter
with Bell as Roosevelt's successor in
the White House?
Trouble is reported to be brewing
at Seattle between the brewery workers and the bosses. The demands of
the men for the ensuing year are not
likely to be complied with, and a
strike will probably occur on May 1.
Press dispatches say: "Rojestven-
sky needs coal." Why. doesn't he
wear overshoes?
M. Broiisse, u Socialist -Radical,
has been elected president of tlie municipal council oi Pari* bj a \uli. „[
'13 us uguiust 21 for his Nationalist
producing a surplus, the workers only opponent,
able to buy back'a small portion of'
what they produce, capitalist society
must smother of its own surplus value. As the chattel and feudal systems were merely passing stages in
the history of human development,
so the capitalist system is but a
passing stage.
The tool of production has so developed that the social institutions
no longer conform to the economic
laws that spring up from it. We are
therefore on the verge of the greatest revolution that has ever taken
place within the history of the hu'
man family. History is now calling
upon the working class to perform a
mission, that mission is to free them-,
selves from capitalist exploitation
and society from class rule. It is
up to the wuge slaves of capitalism
to carry on the revolution. It is necessary that they equip themselves
with a knowledge or a consciousness
of tho fact that they have an historic
mission to perform. In order to
grapple with the problems and difficulties that confront, you in carrying
out that mission you must thoroughly understand the natural economic
laws that govern society and the iron
law that governs wages. Organize
yourselves under the revolutionary
banners, capture the reins of government, transform capitalist property
into collective or working-class property, then proceed-to buildup your
social institutions in coofonnity
with and in obedience to the natural
economic laws that spring up from
the means of production which you
will  then own and control.
In answer to questions re independent labor and single tax, the speaker
declared that so long as the wage
system lasted labor power would remain a commodity and with the supply ever getting greater than tne demand, its price (wages) must continue to come down, the spreading
of reform laws on the statute books
would never fit a large number of
men into a few Jobs, and no movement was a working-class movement
until it had inscribed on its banners
the revolutionary watchword, "the
abolition  of the wage  system."
—Winnipeg  Voice.
The     Hungarign   government,   evi-
The striking teamsters iii Cliii-tujo
have been pledged support bj tlie
affiliated unions to the extent ol
$30,1)00 per week. This is equivalent to pouring water in a rat-hold.
A speaker before the Commonwealth club, of Chicago, stated that
there were fully 30,000 homeless men
in that city. If Socialism is golnf
to destroy tho home it had betta
get busy pretty soon or there mil
be little left to do in that line.
An interesting nice Is now on be
tween the economic forces that hate
driven 1,000,000 ol London's population to a condition of poverty bur-
dering upon actual Starvation, and
the Salvation Army, which is trving
to get them out of their misery bj
some colonization scheme. The in
mer is, up to the present, several
lups in the lead, and seems tu hm«
no trouble in increasing it. l'<-r
every one the Army pulls qui ol I
modern sink hole, economic pressun
makes good by shoving in some 'linens.
According to the Victoria Colonist
Lord Roberts has consented to be
Ottawa's guest. It would have been
terrible,  indeed,  had he refused.
 o  j
Tho government of^he little state
of Luxemburg, which is a sort of
lean-to to Holland has taken up the
fight against Socialism. Employees
of the railways are being dismissed
for having taken part in a demonstration for universal suffrage.
 o —
Tho O rent Bend, Mo., Register
says: A short time ago some men
were engaged in putting up telegraph
poles on some land belonging to an
old farmer who disliked seeing his
wheat trampled down. The men produced a paper by which they said
thoy had leave to put the poles where
they pleased. The old farmer went
back and turned a largo bull in the
field. The savage beast made after
the men, and the old farmer seeing
them running from the field shouted
at the top of his voice: "Show him
the paper! Show him the paper!"
An "independent" Hon and tiger
got into a row over the division of
the plunder they had jointly taken
from some laborers. A fierce battle
ensued, and as each animal was in
the prime of nis strength the combat was long and furious. While
they were pulling, hauling and mauling each other an impudent "Standard Oil" Fox came along and carried off before thoir eyes the plunder
over which they had been fighting.
They then fell upon each other's
necks and wept, after which they
started a righteous crusade against
If an editor makes a mistake he
has to apologize for it, but if a doctor makes a mistake he buries it.
A doctor can use a word a yard
long without knowing what it means
but if the editor uses it he has to
spell it.
If the doctor goes to see another
man's wife ho charges for the visit,
but if the editor goes to see another
man'swife, he gets a charge of buckshot.
Negligee Shirts
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now hen-
some of the choice ones will be sold
early, and some of the designs ft
cannot duplicate. If you apprerlsu
unusual styles it will intwasi r°" u
come promptly.
Fiatiron Hats
Tho Smartest Sott Hat ot too Seaioi
These Hats have been enthusiast.-!
cally received by young men Irosj
the very first day we brought them I
out. Neither trouble nor expend
has been saved in the production dl
these goods, as you will cJiecifull'l
acknowledge  upon examination.
111 Carom Uriel
dently frightened at the/rising Socialist tide, has ordered the acquittal
of 219 railroaders against whom
proceedings were pending from last
year's railroad strike. They were
all replaced in their former positions.
Spain is reported as in the throes
of a great labor crisis, and the government is in a sweat for fear it has
not a strong enough military force
to copit with it. Of course, there is
no other way to deal with such emergencies.
At Eraser and Polk City, Iowa,
the "ntire Socialist tickets were 11-
ected nt the recent elections. At
Mystic ono alderman was elected as
against a Rep.-Dem- fusion. In other
towns a good increase in the vote
was obtained.
Cash Grocery Storel
We also carry a full line of Funvl
ture, on easy payments, ' at pri'*l
that cannot be duplicated. Kiniiij
inspect our stock.
Cor Woitalastor Ave aad Harris Street
Workingmen Are Always Welcome l|
New Fountain Hotel
C. SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and "P
29-81 Cordova St.    Vancouver,
- —~ "ll
Consult our Department
Managers for Electricty for
Power and Light Purposes
B. C. Electric Railway Co. ^&2£iT**
.    SPROTT ft Co.


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