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The Western Clarion Nov 25, 1905

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Array jgislat/ira As
NOV 25 1905
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
$£ 348.
Vancouver, B. C.,  Saturd ay, Novembfr «5 1905.
Subscription Price
iuiw'i »achln,r» W M"r-,r Thre,!m- B» "Prop»flanda 01 Mutiny" la
Tbe Anaiet oi Europe.
,:„., t0 information gathered
l^i ee» by the   Library
,      .h,.,L. exists  an  active     and
*8S'    .1 "nropaganda    ol mutiny
Kl'o^urops*/'    Socialist
i„L,tl auiiiuors are ur.-rn-. up-
fellow-men  at  tho  word
,1   and "in many of    the
STwwns of France and   Italy
"SZtlontin  posters are betas- ad-
"  1 ,,, th« soldiers inciting them
taert    after assassinating    their
.',''*'■   The (JasorvatOM  Romano,
lln,    "international Anti-mili-
... UBoiiation is in full operation
llta agents    carry on a diligent
K-D-Unuulu U>   interviewing und dis-
Euug   their   literature    in     the
to awl "••'s >ret|!uontad 1>V soldiers
1    conscripts    are reminded    that
m owe neither duty nor obedience
Die slate whiih Is a stepmother,
Kg would   teach   them   the  art     of
Lrt-i.   Thi'J   I'"' bidden  to     throw
(»„;. or ln-euk thoir weapons of des-
ictl'on, or lo discharge  their rifles
Liii-t their rominanders,   and    are
,ui,.(l i„ jiiiii  the  ranks  of  the civ-
k »orkj'i>." •
f(X course the police,   faithful  tools
|f tyranny, are busy  tearing    down
anti-military   manifestos,    and
I'arr.-.-tin-,'  those  v*ho  ure  accused  of
idling them."
|rjn a s| -h st  Limoges, M. Jaures
I quoted as follows: "The duty of
locialists, a- soon us danger of war
Wears, is i.r.v plain. TbeTnlerna-
Tonnl Labor Vssociatiori sturuls be-
Ite everything else for a permanent
y universal propaganda of peace.
|h.n ambition or desire of t'on juest
in th.- State nnd su—»ests Uie
baftiiliiy nf war, th.- international
larial must rise aa tine mun,
M make It plain to the Government,
a capitalistic slate that the la-
lirtni' men will huve no slnuirhter.''
ill. Jaures' position is ably sccond-
'M. Herve, a publicist, under
|bw auspices lite anti-militaristic
snii'iiiini is lieing prosecuted." The
loiriml des Debats (Paris,) is i-tlot-
I as saj ing:
|'"1V influence of llerveiBm is at
i;present moment brought to bear
«jii tin- ...ii-. 1 ipts, in whom is in-
klcai.il B| the moment of their de-
srturi' for foi.inn service the most
lohnm.l rontcmpl for their duties,
pd for military courage.     For  this
those who will then engage in socialistic demonstrations, and an attempt to fill the minds of the conscripts with abhorrence of the Government under which they are compelled to live."
Brave words are these attributed
to M. Herve during a recent speech
"of unparalelled violence." "t'om-
niiles, you are called to ihu military
s. hool iii order to In: degraded; in
order to learn how you may kill youn
brethren! Refuse,Uie lilies ottered to
you, or take un.l smash/them; insult
your gold-laced commanders. I>-t us
ull cry out! Down with the army |
Away with country! Long live internationalism!"
M. FerrI, a leading Italian Socialist, declares this anU-miUtarlstio
propaganda ought "to illuminate the
public opinion'' by pointing out
"the enormous waste of money involved In 11 military budget," and
above nil ought to educate the consciences of soldiers und conscripts
not to neglect their personal duties
in the matter ol national defense,
tint nt least not to take part in
"those Slaughters of the proletariat
which are shamefully common, and
are passed over in our country."
"In undermining the army we
shall destroy the main bulwark of
capitalism," suid one of the dclo-
imtes at the Socialist congress ut
Bremen, Gorman v. To its eternal
shame, however, thut congress rejected the proposition for "the issuing
of n decree favoring th
of nn anti-militarist propaganda even I., the h.-iirt  of tho barracks."
While this crusade of the awaken-
in.; workintr class uguinst the military establishment, that engine of
repression and murder by whiih mns-
to 8 have always held tln-ir slaves
in subjection to exploitation, ami
ruthlessly slaughtered th.-m when
driven b,\ their miseries to revolt, is
l*<-i]r- carried on tirelessly ami persistently to the end that "peace may
unfold her wings," and pillage, rapine and slaughter be known no
more, it is worth while to note that
the Osservatore Romano, the Italian
organ of the Vatican, "blames the
state for not repressing the Italian
So lal 1st ir associations," and declares this campaign lo if "tin-fruit
of liberty,, little understood, which
the  govrrnmrnl   has always   yielded
a lot of lazy loafers who never will
do any useful work.
No matter how hard a man will
work, he will get only a living anyhow, so there will be no reason for
him to make any attempt to do mora
or better work. Kven when a majority of the wealth is "divided up"
among the few lazy loafers it will
not stay that way long. There will
always be a tendency for tho sharpest rascal to get all the other rascals have. In thc end a few will
have practically the whole thing. So
we might just as well leave matters
Finally, the whole scheme is impracticable.
There arc a hundred details whose
working no defender of capitalism
has been able to describe. Ninety
per cent, of the people who would
try to do business under it would
full. There would be a continually
growing dissatisfied class. There
would be a lot of fellows among the
workers who would kick on having
to "divide up" every pay day, nt*t
having any home, or nny opportunity to live like men instead of doirs.
Finally, they would get so'disgusted thut they would vote the whole
scheme out of existence. What's the
use of trying any such a fool thing
According to Comrade Wanhope, in
Tlie Worker, prospects are brightening in New York City. Only seven
people died of starvation there last
week. >
"Owing to the war, thc inmates of
the Tokyo Poor Asylum have so
greatly increased in their number,
that the building ought to be extended. Many of tham are wives and
carrying on |<hildren   of   dead   soldiers."—   Tokyo
to the revolutionary part"" und
id ihey are l-cselged by publicationsI this will be found to Ik- the attitude
has the Consent, of whi.h 50,-jot all Institutions whose tup-root of
0 copies have already bean ctrcul-lmaterial Interest runs down into the
cd in Fran..*, exploitation of labor nt  the hands
"The Advantgarde,   the  weckl-   or-jits brutal m-*st(»-—(.apital.
n of M,  llorve   and    of his    most      To those who desire to locate   the
lUtcd friends,  is taken up with un-   ul<i'li»ig  place  of  the  real   advocates
'patlng tl lining occurrences on of the   gospel of "peace on earth,"
« First  of  May,   and   the soldiers j the  foregoing should  prose a valua-
incited     not   to  march against I ble guide.
A Sydney firm recently advertised
for a canvasser to sell tea on commission. It is said that the most
a man can make at this game is
15 shillings per week, and yet there
were 500 applicants for the job.
Guess everything is all rignt in Australia.
A traveler in Kentucky came upon
an old negro hauling driftwood from
tho Ohio river into his farmyard. As
there was already a stack of it nearly as biff as thc two-roomed house,
the stranger remarked:
"I see you have gathered a lot of
firewood,  uncle."
"Oh, dut's only half of what I've
flicked up (lis season'" said thu darkey, proudly, stopping his mule.
"What did you do with the nest-
sell it?"
"No, suh. 1 hauled it to Mr.
Tucker's, de white man what libs in
dat big house yonder. Wo's pahtners.
He lets me hub half ob all I kin pick
up."—N. V. Times.
George A. Lucas, Democratic candidate for the Massachusetts legislature at the recent election, declared
for "free hides," especially in his
district, where "they are used to a
greet extent." They are free now.
Any capitalist may help himself to
as many working-class hides as he
reojnires for profit-making purposes.
What more could be desired?
His wages is the price the worker
receives for his commodity labor-power. This price is determined by ths
same law which regulates the price
of any other commodity," i.e., "by
means of competition between buyers
and sellers, and the relation between
supply and demand—offer and desire."
floseberry in a "fighting speech,"
delivered before a Liberal audience
at Sturbridgo, Km?., recently declared that "Every vote given to the
Tories is a slice off yonr loaf." This
stores is expected to add another will bc a grievous hardship to Eng-
half million to this labor force for lands millions of unemployed and
which there will be no room in in- pau|ierized work-people who have nei-
dustry. Th.* authorities are looking, ther loaf nor the means of getting
to the future with apprehension. one.
When the Japanese armies are
railed from the field and reduced
a peace footing something lite
quarter of a million of men will
thrown back upon the labor market.
The cessation of demand for military
Ccsaaalc laowaoea Otce Hero Laaia Wstkiaaaua It Get Tfctlr Flaa.rt Buries1 la tha Fins al Cspliallit Jutflclal P.sce.ara.
is     the
apllallam is so frightfully and
nely materialistic.
h_in ifuiti- shocking to anyone with
'"'mil and urtistic impulses. Its
'W'"*t exponents admit that the
inn' ohjiirt of its members must lie
'satisfy ih,.ir animal nocessitits. It
•'"is tu look upon mankind as huv-
iiii organs other thun the stom-
'■ Ita highest ideal of success is
8 hog with the biggest ear of corn.
would keep 95 |>er cent, of the
Million  straining   tooth   nnd  nail
'Hy io n\,,   wj|j. no reason,    or
lrllus'' iii li\ing. lt calls "succcss-
1 fitly those whi| idle up such
•g« amounts of filthy lucre that
"v liuv.. no tinn. to think of any-
""■ '«'t cat-inn for and get tin" rid,
"■'ir   stirplui      It makes animal «* subject   to
•>0 end   and   sole   object   of    ex-   of  lha  minority
"''""'• instead of a means enabling
Wiring worth  while  to  bo   don.'.
|N ll "l»ig philosophy,"  and short
Ml ill.
Cnuiini;....   !„  j.__. .._._        »
the sympathetic strike in Chicago,
'Z is attacked in a suit for damages
for $50,000 filed today in the Circuit Court against tho International
Association of Bridge and Structural iron Workers and r-rank M. Hjan,
(Jcneral President. The Oscar
i.ls Iron   Works    Company
fhe action grows out of the strike
of iron workers that licgon against
the American Bridge Company several months ago. The Daniels firms
most important contract was for
tho new $5,000,000 plant of the Al
lis-Chalmers Company in Milwaukee.
—Press Dispatch.
This adds one more to the already
long list   of suits brought     airainst
trade unions b.v employers in the United    States    since the famous   raff
Vale decision in England, some three
venrs ago,  established tho legal rule
that  organized  workingmen  are  ros-
to    capitalists   for  losses
the latter by lawful     and
■ ....cable strikes and boycotts.      In
It might  even take uwny their names ,l**(™°"(  h sl|it8 decisions have   aland give them In its place a    brass sever. against thc unions,
tag with ., number on It.    It would I^V^TLJL of the unions and the
force tho    children of thoso »'ul'k',!'sl3'Tv of ^dividual  members lev.
u.evcr Industry-was    In fiW™*   .» ^m ^ the employers,
f  hi........ cogs  when  they   tofloq ^ ^ ^ ^.^
enough to be usefu]    tp|»"j»y w^s   recognizes the "sacred
A M Siraoni, la Wilthirs's Magailua, With No Apologiea To Sundry Fool
Grilles ol Socialism.
worker lo make a small portion of
an article and give him no voico in
determining the form or character of
that article. It would tend to re.
dine the great mass of people who
would be compelled to do the work
of  the  world   to  on.'  common     level.
ataxia Gorky Caaiaiaata oa tho Horrible Butchary of Arsmiaas at tie lastiga-
tlea of tho Ruaslaa Authorities.
At the door of Petrovitch Probied-
onostseff, ex-Chief Procurator of the
Holy Synod, lies the guilt of the recent frightful destruction of life and
property in thc naphtha districts of
the Caucasus, says the correspondent
of the Manchester Uuardian. The
coalition of Armenians with the united forces of Finns, Poles, Jews and
Hussion Socialists was a measure of
self-defense, called forth by Mr. Pob-
iedonostsell's confiscation of all the
proi-crty of the Armenian Church,
With the aim of preserving their national existence, we are told, the Armenians joined the revolutionary
camp, and tho Government retaliated by stirring up thc lowest element
of the population, the Tartars,
against them. While ,the Tartars
wene suffered to carry arms, says tho
above quoted correspondent, the Ar.
menrians were disarmed, man by man.
Then the Tartars were encouraged to
fall upon their more helpless townsmen and ended by destroying the
naphtha works in which many Armenians took shelter. The oil, buildings, and machinery thus wiped out,
we learn, were valued at $50,000,-
000, and thc loss of life has not l^mt
accurately ascertained. Commenting
on this horrible catastrophe Maxim
Gorky's letter, published in the London Times, is pitched in a lofty
strain of sorrow and indignation.
He thus describes thc state of the
Caucasus region in happier times:
"When I was in thc Caucasus I saw
irhe Georgian everywhere working
peacefully and contentedly side by
side with  the Tatar and the Armen-
country, the strength and blood of
our people, and that without giving
account to anyone of their acts."
Hc thus gives in some detail the
method of the Government in stirring up disorders among tho people:
"They openly hound on, like dogs,
Russians on .lews, Poles and Finns;
Tatars on Armenians and ISvorgions;
tho sluggish iwu.'-unt. dulled by hunger, on students and even on chil- '
dren; and |ierhaps even if tomorrow
the Tartars demanded thc acknowledgement of their rights they would
send against them thc Girghiz and
the Mordvinian in order to oppress
Turninir to the subject of eventual
release and freedom for Kussia, ho
speaks hopefully of thc bold and free
thought which is breaking out over
all  the country,    ln his own words:
"This senseless and inhuman oppression has not been able to extinguish the fire of bold and free
thought in our country. It is breaking forth everywhere wiih greater
strength. Even the iiliml now see its
angry flame. This flame is spreading unexpectedly in all directions,
and is struggling to burst into one
strong, glorious blaze, into a stormy whirlwind of protest from all
thoughtful nnd honest men against
the violence which is used b.v an incapable group of parasites who have
been nourished on the best sap of the
He feels, however, that a true and
effective revolution can not be carried on without unity and mutual
confidence amonsr the people, and he
concludes  his    letter  in  an elon/uent
ian. How happily and simply, like appeal for combination against the
children, thev played and sang and '"one enemy." There can be no dis-
laughed. and how difficult now to|tinction jnd no rivalry between na-
lielieve   that   these  simple,   delightful |tionalities as the.v fight shoulder   to
people are busy killing each other
in a senseless, stupid way, obedient
to dark and evil  influences."
He attributed the change to the
working of the bureaucracy, "a foul
external power"—& group af men who
are "playing" for their own ends
with the "evil passions" of the people.     To quote:
"This group Is trying to extinguish with blood the fire of con-
sci nee which is gleaming in the Ttus-
to shoulder for their freedom. Thus:
"Does the Armenian indeed deprive
the Tartar of this freedom? Does tho
Georgian? Are not the Russian and
Jew and Pole hound hand and foot
by that same power which presses
equally heavily on the shoulders of
the Tartar? We have but one enemv.
All men whose reason is clear and
whose will is not enslaved must unite in the struggle against thie evil
and senseless power which presses on
sian people,  at last awakened to the  all of  us.     All  have but one enemy.
Inowledge of its right to choose its
own form of existence. These men
are accustomed to power. Life is
pleasant to them while they can dis-
caused  to
ito enter whatever
I most  n.ftl
became old
I the pwn -is
'aud   mills
f the   factories, mines,
The    iivl
If a
:'.",""; ,"i IrSant"   of    capitalist   property
ivuliinl    would ingot   _,u_.„i>ilr;iiu(H ln t.ontl-0i  W0rk-
an.l mills. 'ine in.tivuuiu, wiimiu -^-t . capitalists to control wor*-
havo no choice whatever as to what,""T.".. 01.|H,rt.inities of enmloymen
profession thoy would follow in life. »" " _"J£ ,**. out 0f their la-
•r-hn  Brent   mass  of  lhe  people  would   -'»•   *   . ,  ,    .. ,  ,niri.,,\  for  him     to
,[„.  ,.,   ,•   ni, s of the people would  «»•» jU( lo(ri..tti  for him
the  "terrible  tyranny i <lor',v ...^ Vft,e    Law"   „nd hold
,"   who could    say   to   "l'l".v
Wpitallsm is destructive
Pt bellevca in nnd practices both
r" ami purchased love—or passion
r"!'1- Us doctrines, if logically
pi'il out, would destroy all fam-
I ues. It, would make marriage n
M-relnl relation. It would break
I ■'>• divorce one-fifth of tho mar-
VZ,1*1 '"■'""•ted, and rnaku a con-
" ■" Ml of n large portion ot tho
-nniiHi,,..    u wou,d forcc h,ln,ireds
wousands of girls in America to
om the prey of lust dobcjucher.v.
... ' 'llivo industries into the
Z "n,il it became but a pocket
i) .'",' c'f ;,,° tBjfctbfjr. It would
Im t   } ° wif<> "nd rno^hor and 1m-
ratT Vale
that even the most orderly of strikes
each  individual  worker "do this"  or ,»'«•■• "'"ita    |8    an  "interference"
All dis.ilK-.lie.ice    could   ««»   •* -,n|iH,s'  ,-ight  to   make
.la.vation for    'lack |W»n ^  -t t„„itios the cap-
"go   then
be punished by
if a J0b.
Some men would be com- |P™ •, damages, o-'-y a Social-
peiled by this autocratic power to , '"' omj wno hoi,,8 human interests
leave their native homes and faml" ' /.-iy subordinate to them, could,
lies  and be horded  together in   mill- l *   judicial bench,    consistently
tnrv or inilu.stii.il armies. maintain   the  right  of   the    working
Oanltalism   would   certainly   crush jlo   whiie capitalism lasts   to-or-
out   all  incentive  to  progress.
It  would  stop all  social    advun.c.
It would tend  to divide society into
„*-„• and act together, by the
strike and boycott, to improve their
condition or resist capitalist aegrcs-
Socialist   judges
two fixed clusses within which thero  Hit>ns.     Only   - ,,„„„,„
Uttls room for individual 'do this,  ami    unWl    he wooingmen
n  to elect Socialist Judges,  mcy
" '"il in dangerous occupations
he father became a tramp. The
' 'k «'Qrk would have to be done
Ihllo ||,
tZ\ -)V "uys,! wnom  poverty     has
inlo slavery and enforced ccli^
l0lk"ll   Wife
else by an  already over
would  1), ,
distinction, Those who were doin
the constructive labor, and from
whom all progress must come, would
IK) reduced to such a dead level that
there would be no hope of escapm
and hence would make no attempt at
improvement in social and Industrial
matters. No defender of capitalism
Zb ever been able to tell howr inventors would be rewarded under that
svslem. It looks as though It would
lie possible for a few idlers to tako
away anv invention that the workers might make, and thus discourage
impulse.   With the (treat
k..,.    „ "-v   tt"   niroBuy   «*••'     ,h„ invent ivo   mpulSO.   wnn m» H"»»
JJ*«fa.    It would foster a class  «J»J^,."   ,, JJ^, forct*d  to   »l>e«d
;n,Js "'""ng tho "successful" por- I'' "-v  ,VjJ -J    ,-„„:     siting  the mere
o(-,1„S",,,,','v wno' havin« n0 uHmoana of exlstOnce, and the remalnd-
011 "HutIon. w.,,,,1.1 n™ („ „„    ij moans m     .„,,.., ,,.„„.  tho    nro-
,,. wholly separated from tho    pro-
'ss „f    Industry.      the first    would
lime nml  the second no nb-
ii'ovement.   Society
w| "ti, would live ln an    al-
Beicual  promisowlty  that,    has
,.,„'", n°wn since men ceased to Ihi  .   ,
g»W among aimiant hi,Vi
^ii'i'iitv"1 wo"lf' destr°y a11
,,  w°uld    prevent    n man from in i
>»v Impressing  his  porsonfljity  **" *'....,,, ....onoscs to "divide up"
^ '"' Pioducts of his hand     and I     '«.;•«'     '     ,   'i^rs produce among
Jl would only  permit    each  »11  U,|U  '"
,,i,y ^'soon^;:;!!,. ^ „„.. «,„,..,•
lapse  back  into  barburlsm and  sav-
may"eipect inost of the decisions to
go against tlu-m.-Tho Worker.
if a chibl cannot be taught by
wise counsel to keep its fingers out
of the fire it must pay the penalty *>v
tho pain that comes from Its burns.
The strike and boycott have■ been resorted to by the workers times without munlier. and the result has al-
wavs been tho same. If not absolute defeat, at least nothing better
than temporary relief for tho ills of
which they have complained has been
their reward for efforts along these
lines, Hy tho vory nature of tho
circumstances surrounding them under thc rule of capitalist property,
lo oven hope to raise themselves to
more comfortable conditions by resorting to tho use of such subterfuges, is sheer folly. To a person
capable of drawing sound conclusions
no better cvldenco of this could lie
required thnn the experience of tho
past an experience that has been
but a continued repetition of disas
ters to those who have been so stu-
pitt as to assault the walls of capitalist Jericho with such 'farcical weapons. The walls of this stronghold
refuse to crumble though a multitude
of slaves balk and br»y before tho
Just as the child, not understanding the nature of fire, gets burned
in tho handling of it, so the workers,
not understanding the nature of capitalist property, its laws of exchange ond its labor-market, likewise meet with painful experience in
thoir ofTo.ts to combat them. Their
stubborn persistence in the use of
wrongful methods of coping with the
difficulty that besots their pathway,
has called forth many severe penalties, by no means the least of which
is that of being mulcted for damages
a la "Tail Valo" decisions. Thus, as
it were, they are "burnt as with
fire," as a penalty for dorrtg that
which they ought not to do, from
'the standpoint of the highest and
best interests of their economic class
in present day society,
The strike and bqycqtt, the so-
called economic weapons of labor,
are nut class weapons at all. When
used for a i>olitical purpose as in
Hussja recently, the former becomes
a class weapon, as that for which it
is used is a class purpose.
Just how many more times the
workers, in bunches here, and bunches there, must needs have their fingers burned hy these verdicts for
damages and other uncomfortable experiences before they will learn to
abandon factional folly and turn to
class wisdom and class warfare, remains to lie seen.
Under thc rule of capitalist property every power that it can conjure
forth is being used to compel the
workers to discover the line ol least
►esistenco and follow it to deliverance.
Were cai»ital a personality endowed
with the wisdom of tho Creator, it
could with no more releatless logic
point the way to freedom to the
working class than it is now doing
through Its courts and other stage
properties. So plainly, does it point
out to tho workers the necessity of
acting together politically for the
purpose of seizing control of the
State, and through it the control of
industry that it would be incorrect
to say capital "works in most mysterious ways Us wontlcrs to perform." Its teachings are as plain
as a "pike-staff." Its machinery
and method of production, its legislatures and courts, its every act proclaims to the workers ot the world,
that if they think and act as a class,
they may, as that class, become masters of the earth. They may become
A new industry has been opened up
in South Africa, that should afford
an outlet for a large number of Enjr-
land's unemployed. F,uropeans are
now allowed £1 and expenses for
each deserting Chinaman they arrest
upon tho Rand. The attention of
General Booth ls respectfully called
to this for Christ's sake.
pose of the fate and riches of     our 'Hail,  freedom/
Let equality and brotherhood be
ours. T,et the light of reason shine
on us all and weld us together ih
one great,  invincible  will,  and then,
"Thc   overshadowing   question     ia
trade union circles at present is the
.threatened suspension of work in the
anthracite   and    bituminous   minim
districts next spring.     This cloud on
the industrial horizon is growing   in
proportion as the weeks and months
pass, and    there     is    no longer   any
doubt  that   thc  struggle  will     come
on schedule time.     Thc officers    and
organizers of the miners are    working    feverishly,     night and day.    to
thoroughly  unionize  thc various  districts and  to strengthen every  weak
point.    During the past few   months
President Mitchell has taken personal control of the field work and   ap-
jiealed to the men who have become
careless    and lukewarm in their   unionism to flock to his standard   and
prepare  to resist   tho encroachments
of the combines of capital that   are
thirsting for greater profits, no matter how deep into poverty and misery they force thoSr workers.   On the
other hand thc coal barons, who now
possess tho power to raise and lower
prices at  will,  are making their usual excuses that the market is overstocked with coal and prices are too
low.     Some of them even go so far
as to insult the miners, as well    as
the intelligence    of thc rest o<    tho
fieoplc,   1 y claiming  that  their    'employes are    the only ones who    are
making money and ungratefully    refuse to accept wage reductions,   and
thus are forcing a general stagnation
in the industry.   Therefore, tho operators declare, they are compelled   to
make a cut of 25 per cent, in wanes
or close their mines to save     themselves   from   ruination.     Mcanwhile-
however,    the    poor,    unsophiscated
mine owners, who are forced to live
in  mansions  and  clip coupons     and
make trips    to Europe as a penalty
for their extreme generosity, arc piling up mountains of coal in anticipation of thc shutdown, and, by arbitrarily raising prices because of    the
"scarcity"  of coal, tboy will    fairly
revel  in prosperity next year,  whilo
the dear jieople,     who vote for private ownership of mines,  dig deeper
into their jeans if they would     kieeii
from freezing a year hence and while
many a miner makes tide jumps   toward the poorhouse.     So onco again
there ls coming a great, crisis in thc
class  struggle,  and  while  thc  suffering will  be severe in some quarters,
it is likewise certain that thc unbridled plutocracy, which appears to have*
become    afflicted    with a mania   to
"teach the peoplo a lesson" ever   so
often, while on Ur periodical drunks,
will only hasten its own downfall.—
Max. Hayes, in International Socialist Review.
Workingmen should avoid falling
into the error of .believing that capital assists in wealth production- It
is labor alone that produces wealth,
tho function of capital merely being
to take possession of it.
a woman's way of settling
Trades union troubles.
1 was having a discussion with a
man the other day who seemed to
think that if we had no trades unions we would be completely lost,
and it struck me forcibly that to level the opinions of tho unionist, it
would be a g and thing to havo every worker under the sun receive the
same wage, thus removing the aristocratic swelled head of some of the
wage-slaves and puv the man who
digs the diUh the same as thc man
who hns a comfortable inside job,
etc.; for one man is just as important a factor in thc community as an-<
other, and one man has to pay tho
same price for his loaf, otc, as the
other. Of course my suggestion includes foreman and workers of every
rank and file, parsons, doctors, lawyers, etc., included. It seems so ridiculous for there to be such diversi.
ties of pay when commodities are all
the same price to the purchaser.
(Tho worker's labor-power being a
commodity likewise.)
I think then, we would havo all
positions filled with men*capable for
those positions, whereas today wo
have persons holding jobs they know
practically nothing about.
Of course, 1 don't sur— it this as
a remedy for labor's ti bios, for
unionism is today only a stumbling
block to thc solution of labor troubles, and history has proved that any
organization or society that bars any
part of thc community, is not good,
as wc arc all, from thc weakest to
the strongest, depending on each
Unionism has probably had its
part in evolution, but has now proved to the world that thero is nothing
left for it to do but die a natural
death, or wake up and uso the only
weapon left—the ballot box; and vote
for their own interest, and not play
thc fool any longer.
lt often occurs to me, why men
having all tho privileges of tho franchise do not crave for a change in
politics, for to my knowledge, men
have been going to the polls year in
and year out, voting for the same
old thing and getting something
worse every time, and still they keep
on doing it.
I think if I had tho same chance to
vote, (which I ought to have}, I
would make a change somehow, and
try something less old-fashioned than!
thc old  rilling class  parties.
Not that Socialists want votes
thnt are not intelligent; for that
would not prove a success. But why
do not workingmen read and investigate why we are in such a mix-up
today? For if every union man
would hold himself aloof from the
old parties and mind his own business ond vote for Socialism he
would not lie long in obtaining freedom from the worst slavery tho
workers have ever been subject to.
487 Ninth Ave. E.
Mt. Pleasant, Vancouver, B.C.
■   -
bSBkSsK a¥"
■     ■!   I    I  I
SATURDAY, fttjV. y^
The ta Clarion
Published eTsry Saturday in ths
Interesu of the Working Clasa alone
at ths office of tho Western Clarion,
Hack block basement, 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B. C.
. .    .    .  . .    .•      ' ited States and England it is doubt-
endeavor  to  compel honesty  among tamity offers.    And whatever is dona' M .f any groat nation CpuM    make
the denizens of the capitalist jungle ior however widespread end brutal' mn a m0ve without being owes* robbery, graft and corruption, bv j the butchery of the workers at the whelmed by the uprising of the work-
the enactment of law. Their efforts :hands of that ***** « .ill ; taxless within her o^bards^It
will prov* as futile as would be the-jmeet with the approval of that ™*J3 to those rul(irS ^ states
case were they to attempt by thejthieving tribe, which, vampire-like, who intervened to "prevent anarchy"
same means to compel a rosebush to sucks its substance and power from when the French started the pious
thrive and bear-fragrant blossoms in ' the flesh and blood of labor in each nork o£ killing kingcraft and priest-
a cellar, or an Ethiopian to change and every country on earth, Canada ""j1-" Th" Ul '
his     skin.       Such    things   are not i included.
Strictly ls Advance
The  Crisis is perfectly justified   ta
1 referring  to    the United  States   and
brought  about  by  man-made    laws. ;    That bourgeois terror arising from „v*™.~i ,„,mtri«  ih t
«■ aa   mam   / l      - .-I .   .       -,        England ns backward countries, tnat
• 1.00   Pen  maw    a „ mo9t people Wiu readily actanow-  the conduct ai.d power of the    Rus-   .    ~.   . .        ,.-   „-„„,«__•_*     „f
is  judging   from the  stanapoini     oi
'. the working class.     In no countries
Yearly  ■ehecrtptioa  cards  bb   lou
tie er B»or*.  75 canta each.
Ae-m-ttaiag   rate* oa  application.
If  yes   rscalra   thia  paper   It   Is
naaleatloo* te
Box 8j6,
Vancouver. B. C
The general indifference and apathy
manifested in regard to the wholesale exhibitions of graft and corruption £t> frct#::--i.:'y made of late
appears to us as a good omen for
the future.    Once it has become ,gen-
sian proletariat in the present crisis, is not confined to Russia is evidenced by the daily press dispatches.
The vampire class of the world is
watching events in that country
with much the same degree of alarm
as the workers of the world   are   of
erally  recognised that such are   but 'satisfaction.     May the Russian work
of the earth have the workers as yet
manifested so little disposition to do
something for themselves, and in no
countries are they more prone to beg
petition and whine for relief. About
the nearest approach to manhood
that the great majority of them
seem to l>c capable of making is    to
the logical    results of  a system   of linen  prove sufficiently  well-informed,
property and business that is based .alert and  powerful   to  forestal     the .
.      . .... ,_   I „ . ,      •      „u      ■ plav  the balkv  mule by  refusing   to
upon the foul crime of robbing     the j efforts of re-action   to   deprive them |       - .  ,„, .„,...      ,_
wealth-producers  of tbe product     of I of the fruits of victory,  or to erect
their toil, it is but an easy step   to i obstacles la the pathway of their fur-
= jthe time when a blow will be struck  ther advancement.
to wipe out that fundamental crime,
which is responsible for all of     the SOLD AGAIX.
ensuing lesser evils.
Watch the label an your paper      ,     f      extravagant assertion that
If this number is on  it, your ~
aubscription expires next issue. , the flood of vice, crime, degradation.
.___. .—  land misery that all but engulfs   hu-
work unless some Hiding addition is
made to their food supply. And even
this refusal is of short duration because so extremely short are their
usual rations that they are unable
to lay by a sufficiency to enable
them to persist in a balky period of
SATURDAY.   NOV.   25, t1905.
man society today springs from and
is made possible by  that  fundamen-
j tai    crime    upon   which civilization
rests, the exploitation or robbery of
  Ithe wealth producers,  and which ev-
But a few years ago were the ac- \ery institution of civilized society toV
cusation of what is termed graft and j day is pledged to protect, defend and
corruption made'against  those   high  perpetuate.
up in   the   political     and   business
world, it would have fallen   largely
While graft,  corruption,  fraud and
chicanery     proceed    apace,    let   tho
In the Vancouver Daily Province of j
Oct. 23, appeared an editorial under I nny IenK,h-
caption "German Socialism." that A country inhabited by men would
was so replete with error and down- I *■ ***** tho PUiabl° «*****> «f a
right falsehood that wc did not feel j lot °* h,,man aninmls basing- Pc,i-
justified in allowing it to go unoues-1 noni,1~ ,,r «•"»"».- ••"•■'»«» •"""•■"• <>f
tioned. In the Western Clarion under date of Nov. 4, we reproduced
the article and took occasion to
point out some of the more glaring
inconsistences and falsehoods which
it contained.     We felt   at the     time
gmy Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee.
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters. Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,  B. C.   *
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside Block, 313 Cambie
Street, (room 1. second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
D. P. MILLS, Secretary.
Box 8.1(5,  Vancouver B.  C.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4 th Tuesdays, Temperance Ball
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. O. Gribble,
organizer. 130 Hogarth Ave.	
that there was something suspicious
about that particular editorial-     Al
parliament    for    redress    for     their
grievances, and salve for their economic wounds.    To anything in the nature of manhood the frittering away
of   time  over   the  question   of     how
I much   food   the  slave   should   receive
! at the hands of his master would i*c
.'too repugnant  to bc tolerated.  Such
upon deaf ears.    But a most remark- -workingmen  be   not   disturbed,    but
able change has taken place and now j-gjrd Up their loins" for the ap-j though it was absolutely without I conduct is only Indulged in by those
'it is a matter of common knowledge proaching task of cleansing the!merit from any point of view, it!who are ei,hor slav<-s but do not
that such practices not only exist, j-Augean stables" of present day ! still seemed to us to be of superior '<kjlow ''• wlliillS slaves, or those.
but are followed ta the most un- 'civilization of the accumulated filth'quality to the usual Province grist. !who* knowing; themselves to be
blushing manner by the foremost cit-   Qf decades of capitalist rule, by turn- j Though  our  suspicion  was evidently I -^aW8-  have not sense enough to lo-
izens of every land.       This has   be
ing on
such a flood of revolution   as Ithe result of instinct rather than rea- ! ,;a,e ti'-> road »° deliverance.
come so generally known that it no   will   wash   capitalism  and  its     filth {son.    late    English exchanges   bring I
longer causes surprise and the most 'into  the sewer and cesspool  of   ob-
that can be said of exposures laying  avion.
bare schemes of graft and corruption
involving millions of dollars, and im-.
plicating our  "foremost citizens,"  is
that they cause little more than    a ]    it is plainly to be seen from    the
ripple upon the surface of things and ! press  dispatches  that  the  persistent
one that is soon forgotten.
activity of the Russian revolutionary ; satisfaction at the thought that,    a
That slave never yet felt the shnck-
evidence that it was at least well-1,6B ''*'on nis Hmbs "ho had it so
founded. In one of them we found ! completely within his power to break
this precious editorial reproduced,his tetters as the American slave.
word for word and accredited to a | That Power is his not only by right
leading Tory journal of London. Up- i of ""Pcrior numtiers, but by every
on making this discovery we confess 'tradition of the country' which he into experiencing    a feeling of  intense   habits  and  of  the  people    of    which
'he is a  part.     Taught     that     their
The laying bare of the methods of ; proletariat since the promise of some
the great capitalist concerns like sort of constitutional government
•Standard Oil." the "Ship-building j,^ been wrung from the Czar, is
Trust," the "Insurance companies," throwing the bourgeoisie, not only
Uie  "Beef  Trust,"  and  others,     the :Qf Russia,   but  of tne- world,  into  a
great metropolitan journal should be I country at its birth was especially
unable to e-cfuip itself with the nee- j dedicated to freedom, that "all men
essary pcrfervid imagination and lacki J are bo,n free antI equal," and that
of scruple to enable it to dish up j the-v' tnamselves, are sovereigns, they
suitable    "tommy-rot"     with   which j btn<1 ,ht'ir necks *« the "5*« of capi-
wholesale graft, fraud, and corrup- j veritable terror. As one writer ex- to befuddle its confiding readers, and jtaJist exploitation, that wrings from
tion prevalent ta municipal, state, !presses it, the outcome of the revo- thus be compelled to draw its sup-1 lh<-ir slavish sweat such a huge
and federal administrations, and the lution ta Russia will be "a transfer iply fiom the fountain of up-to-date |s,ream of surplus value as to fairly
utter repudiation of all principles of'of power and property to new'western editorial wisdom. It seemed j flood ljp markets of the world. To
integrity and honor by the dominant hands." Tbe Liberal and Conscrva- I to be a sort of. tacit admission 0f | emphasize the fact thnt they are
industrial   aud  polical forces  of    our   tive elements    are  suddenly awaken-   the  superior  duality  of B.C.  editor-  without conception of even the mean
time, is looked upon without adverse ling "to lne imperative necessity for
comment  by  an e\er-increasing num-   resisting to the utmost the   attempt
ber of people. This doubtless arises
from the fact that the average person is instinctively recognizing these
manifestations  to  be but  the legiti-
of the radicals and Socialists, who
are conducting the present strike to
obtain the upper hand," and this has
galvanized  the    leaders  into action,
mate  expressions    of   business,   just land started a healthy movement    in
like the thing they express, and no- favor of entirely cutting loose from
the Radical wing."
In other words now that the workingmen have succeeded in breaking
the autocratic rule of the Czar and
his Bureaucrats, true to its coward-
lv. treacherous and thieving instincts,  the profit-mongering class is
ticeable only  because  of  the  magnitude of latter-day transactions.
The entire structure of modern business and politics is based upon a
crime. That crime is the robberv of
labor. The entire business world is
implicated  in  the robbery,  and    the
subsecnient division of the spoil re-|to turI1 neaven and earth for the
suiting from it. The robbery is ef- ipurpose of preventing the working-
feeted in the field of production un- !c*ass from reaping any of the fruits
der the guise of the wage-system of Uf its victory. The "transfer of
labor which enables the robbers to power and property" from ajxtocratic*
seize all the wealth produced by the!to ■Dew hands," will not be object-
workers.     This proceeding   and   the jod to    by the bourgeoisie,  provided!
ial pabulum.
Our satisfaction was. howev.-r, ot
short duration. A glance at the
date of thc exchange referred to,
showed it to be Nov. 4, the same
date upon which we had reproduced
the article in question, and but eleven days after its ponderosity had
been hurled forth from tbe Province
sanctum, even unto the utmost confines of Steveston, Scpiamish and
We always were an easy mark, a
sort of a good thing to bc operated
upon    by   every'    aspiring     gudgeon-
ing of freedom, or the manhood to
seize it if they did, they rejieatedly
foregather in convention and conclave and vociferously bray about
wages and other pertfuisities, much
as a band of four-footed asses might
bray about their stipend of fodder.
It may be all right to indulge In
patience with the wage-slave. Presumably, it is so. Yet it is not to be
successfully denied Uiat ho is the most,
persistently assinine slave that ever
stood in hrs own road. Before ho
can reasonably be expected to get out
of his own way, the fact of his slav-
worker that came within hailing dis- ery and his folly must ,be pounded
tance. Many a time and oft have into his thick head. This is a task
we been disposed of cheaply. InthislGiat will retniire a multitude of
case we feel that we have been sold
again.    While we in good faith   and
absolutely  devoid  of guile  were   endeavoring to rasp down some of the
warty outcropping* on the grey concrete formation of the editor of the
Province, which our diagnosis of his
case led us to believe, was neressary
slcdge-hammer blows.
The officers and directors of the
National Bank of Illinois which is
now in the hands of a receiver, are
accused of having looted thnt institution of $3,000,000. Some reckless
ones have even declared them to be
robbers. It is snd indeed, to note
how  many  people  there  are  in    this
subsequent "Donnybrook" that tha^ "new hands" is not tbe working-
thieves engage in over the division of claSs, but it's own preoious seU. If
the loot constitutes the world of bu-j these conscienceless scoundrels have
SineS9- their way the rule of the Czar's   au-
ln tbe earlier days of  the present  tocracy is to be followed by that of   in order to prevent him falling into
system of robbing labor and dispos- capitalist plutocracy.     Tbe result in (more grotesque   and    eccentric aber-
ing of the proceeds, when tbe bus"- this case will be the same to the'ration in the future, it seems that I world, who seem unable to disiin-
ness concern was yet small and IU .workingmen, as they will be as mer- ,we were only expending our efforts gu'sh between business and robbery*
transactions of little magnitude, its Iciiessjy sacrificed upon the altar of on a second-band dealer who did not
corrupt nature would not be readily exploitation as before. The only need our services, while the mental
exposed to the public gaze because of difference being that the incense from sour stomach that had ejected the
the very insignificance of those trans- lhe sacrifice will arise unto the nos- ! offending editorial spew, was some
actions. As the system developed, trj,s of the capiralist swine instead j thousands of miles away and pro-
and the huge business concern came  of the beast of autocracy. jhobly unconscious of our tender soli-
te  the front,   the   magnitude  of ita)    We    shall    be surprised if    Count jcitude    in  its behalf..       We  always
knew    that     capitalism    meant the
Now that "many Chinese Christians have given up their work at
home in order to go to the Transvaal as evangelists among the 40,-
<XK) Chines* coolies there," it is to
be hoped the latter will become speed
iiy converted to that eminently
Christian doctrine of "servants obey
your masters," Once thoroughly
converted an earthly "compound"
will no longer be necessary to hold
theni to their work; the promise of
a heavenly one will be tjuite sufficient
. o	
The Seattle Union Record is "agitating the question of forming tem-
fierance societies to assist the union
brewers who are out on strike." Now
this is .sen*>ible. We are heartily in
favor of it. We'll all quit drinking
beer and take to pop and girurer ah*
untilthe haughty brewer*- bosses are
humbled in the dust. This in turn
will boom the soft drink business,
nnd give the pop-bottle washers' union a chance to become strong in
mermVrship and mighty in "collective l-argaining." Yea. verily; the
wisdom of unioni-mi is past findta"
out and Labor Omnia Vincet.
 o r
Union Directory
trbtn Thev Men   wi.  J
Taejr Meet; Wh„e The,.
4V   Every Labor Union In ,fcT'^S/Vvvl
*H«1 to puce . card JadSt-ThH?iE9»*l J
month.    SecreUrie.pl„eit,0huch«d. «,.-?■
Meets    every    alternau   &
President.  M.  J. C!illis   x.   0n'
dent,     N.   Jxnieux-     \1'^"
Arms,   T.   B.   Cosglo-,.  S***^
Treasurer,   Webster   I r,', 8ec|W«
Box, 198, Phoenix   bT*   P'
loenin     Miners'   Union   u
W. F. M.    Meets   every :>
evening at 730 o'clock i„ li"1
g °^4* '»»» li Casaaa
Always s fearless, exponent in u-,1
caute of lnbor. '
For one dollar the pane, -:„ . I
Workingmen of all eoiii-tries.jii I
soon recognize the fact that in,'|
mm4 support and read their l.tyi
papers. w|
Issued every Friday.
The Valet Pallihing Ci, iisit*j|
The strike of the bakers of Moscow, of which the government sheets
speak very guardedly, was not an
economic strike, but a purely political one. The men were demanding
their share of participation in the
national Duma. Such preposterous
pretensions the government has the
habit of drowning in blood, and in
this case it did not fail to do likewise. The miserable little baker aii-
prentines, for the most port still
children, were dragged from their
underground hiding places into the
street, thence to the police court,
and there scourged until the blood
ran. "The Iblood was swept into the
street," wrote n witness of the horrible affair. But all the extreme1
measures will not throttle the even
more extreme necessity of political
and social life to which the Russian
proletariat is each day becoming
more awake, and the repression of
which mny usher in, amid frightful
upheavals, the day when one favored
class.in the nation will no longer enjoy alone a privilege which thc working class ha« earned by its heroism,
wakened to class consciousness by
Ihe teachings of thc Socialists of
I This appeared in tho "I* Social-
iste," of October 21.)
swindling operations would of nee-jWitte does not prove to be a sec-
essity be noticed, and gradually an OTd edition of M. Thiers, the hypo-
understanding of their significance | critical, sneaking, cowardly, cold-
would be acquired b.v even the ordia- blooded and merciless butcher of the
arily careless observer. In the course j Parisian workmen of 1871. If the
of time it would be a matter of gen- -forces of reaction succeed in getting
era! recognition that the capitalist jthe upper hand b.v rallying around
process of industry and business waajthis suspicious character Witte. the
merely one of robbing labor and dis- pages of history will probably rec-
posing ai the loot. That time is ord another butchery of the prole-
evidently here, and this accounts for jtariat. even greater than that at the
the matter-of-fact masBSBr in which 'downfall of the "Paris Commune."
the average person views the huge The very terror into which tbe lab-
exhibitions of graft and corruption lor-skinning fraternity is thrown at
tbat are of such frequent occurence the prospect of their skin game be-
during these "strenuous" days. Even ing interrupted by a successful    up-
According to some of thc daily
papers there is much of what is common) >■ termed corruption in San
Krancisco. The police ore accused
of being crooked just because they
have turned an honest penny occasionally  b.v  protecting  and  even  oth-
the stolid and phlegmatic working-
man instinctively feels that these gigantic schemes of graft and plunder
are of no concern to him. And he
is correct in this for the very' 8*>od
reason that the plundering of himself is not effected during tbe divis
ion of the spoils, but at the time of  the reign of terror during the French
the production thereof.
Capitalist pohtic£    must  of
rising of tneir victims will quicken
into activity all of their well-known
treacherous and murderous instincts.
Tbe recent slaughter of Jews which
is attributed solely to the autocratic
regime, is alleged to have numbered
more victims than is accredited    to
revolution.    Xo one need natter himself  that  the blood-thirsty measures
sity be just like business, as it is 'resorted to by Russian autocrarr ta
purely the expression of it. Sucbr be- order to maintain its sway, will not
ing the case, it could not take on a be resorted to with equal readiness
different aspect or behavior. jby the Russian bourgeoisie sn order |
plunder of labor. Also that capital-! erwise aiding the enterprising "bun-
ists would pilfer from one another, j co" man in relieving the guileless
even down to very small things. A1-j sucker of his superfluous cash. Sure-
though capitalists rob laborers and j l.v suckers wero intended to 1* caudit
even pilfer material things from each If not. why were they ever made?
other without giving credit, it has j The average sucker has to be repeat-
been a sort of custom among their I odly caught before he awakes to a
journalistic henchmen when stealing! realization ot the fact lhat he is one.
each other's tommy-rot, to give pro-| Jsatt why San Francisco, or any oth-
per credit so tbat thc victim that 1 er city should be expected to main-
got plastered with it could locate I tain a police force for the purpose of
the culprit. This custom gave rise j protecting suckers, while the very
to the saying "there is even honor stability of modern civilization de-
among thieves." We used to have |iend9 upon their lieing caught in
an abiding faith in the truth of the I plenty, is by no means as clear as lt
saying, but we don't believe it any should be. Granted that it is a crime
more. upon  the part   of the  genial     bunco
man to catch an occasional one, it
is the height of folly to expect the
sucker to lie protect.d by the police,
"There is a rumor afloat that sev-jfor it is a well-known fact thnt the.v
eral governments have notified the j are the greatest criminals on earth
Czar that they will tatcrvene arid < It to unreasonable to e*peet them to
"prevent  anarchy.        This  is     only   ,-•. ■       . ..   .    ,      ' '       "'
another -way of saying that the?:- , brovc down ,bclr Mlow criminal-
governments will Join the Russian I t*0 bunco man. Tho San Francisco
despot in suppressing the aspiration? I bunco man, policeman or any   other
«./« ♦P^UL-£r i i^f .hH Z thW Sh0,,,d * ,M>,<1 in «** N^
mams to be seen u any of tnetn a...
te position    to    dare the wrath   of
thetr  own    proletariat.    ■'....,ide    of
For a time simple-minded folk will  to establish its own, once ths oppor-  such backward nations as the    Un-  squeals about it.
esteem than  thc  sucker  that allows
himself    to    be     cuught     and then
As a result of a strike of some of
thp poorly-paid Thurlngian weavers
for shorter hours and better wages,
tho association of employers In thc
Saxon Thurlngian weaving industry,
has decided on a general lock-out of
all hands in 142 factories. This
moans that on Saturday nearly 18,-
000 bread winners will be out of employment. A further result of this
lock-out must lie that tlie dyers will
have nothing to do and uniess the
employees soon come to terms, lie-
U*.*.n 40.000 mid 42,000 male and
female workers will bu on the streets
Over 6,000 employees, mostly women, in tho Ilerlin underclothing industry, nre now on strike for an improvement in their conditions of
work, and in this case, too. the masters have joined hands to compel the
workers' submission. Tho Association of Ilerlin Underclothing Manufacturers issued notices stating that
if the strikers do not resume- work
by Monday next, all factories will be
closed. Fifteen thousand persons
would then be thrown out of employment.—Leicester Pioneer.
I. «»w*bj> Bis*, a 0 awa-uj
oao. B Mr< Hf,-.,N
Tei. g-H,  po. n.nal
324 lattisss Stresl     -    Vuttivn, I. f
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The Western Clarion is sn an-
compromii ug advocate of IM
revolutionary aspirations ol jM
working clasa iu tbe abolition
of capitaliat property ami its complement, the wage system.
1SS Garfava Sireet
And   hare   It  rejuvenated wit* **J
Ills.   Old Heis Cleaned, P"""''
Mads ss Oood ss   N«w   hy w
workmen snd st sioderet* eo»t
Elijah Leant
■ ° *,- <
United Hatters of North America
•sea mm am msymaj a WVb BUT »m, tt J^l
the Oesslse Uetes Label » seeae ia It-   » •     ^
baa loos* Jeeela ta hie |iuaa—so» aa* otw*      ^1
one ta a hat far yea. So net patronl" «"V     -0t\
lebol* Is retail stores are ceaBtarfal"      "'   •   «
Dales Label Is perferetea es four edf*>. "     „-■»
es a peatas* etesap.    Counterfeit*
Uaaee fjerleeated ee three saam. aad w ■* ''"'- „ ,
es tm^tsha ■• Bte«ees 0e.. e. *>»*'**
sen SSaSS esawsra.
JOHN  A. MOrrirr.  PiesMest, Ores**. " ,
MAItTIN   LAWLOR,    SaereUry,   U " •'
Mew Task. flfcfiDAY
Hov. &k won.
WB Wafcmtf OLAMOS, VAttttmvift    BRITIBH OOLUMBU.
»»»■»» saa ■»»,
Trend of Social Evolution
■•let OttlHM el !■• Tranforaallea ol Capitalist Properly into the Col-
lactiva Property at all the Members ol Society.
[From "Socialism," By William Scholl Meeiure.J
lisill   18   w
lf-de.structivej and,
striking, is itself lny-
,., .-...mdutlon of the future state
m!,«rnK the wt* for llu3 So"alist
'1"'P?. ii Its first act was the ex-
^ Za ol the workers from the
V"K «f nroduction, the translormu-
ransf individual property into cftr>
lion Ol uju .... .    ..,_„..  ,_
[t,«it property,
-tbe »li,ls
oi mm
' ■ouni'f
i ul the
The next   stage, in
,,i «hich we now arc,     is
.   ..vpropritttioii of  the small capi-
PmbVbv t'"' I*** antl th0 contc'nlni-
'firJ■ cnnitnl. through the |»luy and
SLre ol competition, into ever
K masses. Competition tends ir-
rV,,h\v to combination and incmo-
"]I which in productive industries
K now taking the fo'«» 0< the trust
Ktribution. of the bu/ear store.
unmlstokeably greater efficiency
i(<l capital and business or-
uii a large scale, will
,,,   iater render  the position
       Iiall producer and  the small
B-trlbutor untenable.    They  have as
I ul.' ihance In the struggle with
h-*- Improved  forms  of commercial
Sanitation as the handicraftsmen
tail with tlie machines. t'ompeti-
1„ wtose regulative action is so
,|ui to our present sysU-m, so
lirjely   adduced in its justification,
gUmtition    is    eliminating    itself.
mcorgan'r/ation of industry, though
teuraWng capitalistic; in spi.it, tends
mr, and more    to the co-operative
form. . ,
In another    direction   the develop-
Inn.iit Ia even more distinctly  Sociul-
ist in folic*.    A  strong  tendency     is
maiiif.-st towards suite or municipal
llODlrol ol many industries, The first
I step in State regulation,   which is in
itwlf mi admission of the principle
L'l state interference— the right of the
I'peoie io .on'inl- from partial regulation to absolute ownotflhlp by the
fpeople is „ ipiestion of policy, of do-
rather thun of principle. State
Kwnershlp of railroads, telegraph and)
Itili-|ihi>nc, siuie insuran «• arid Imnk-
I jnif. municipal ownership of water-
hoiks electric light, g.is works,
litiv't railways, etc., all of these
I have Urn tried and proven most fea-
Isllili'. 'Ih,- Mutisti.-s as to th Ir a<i-
Ltiotages are Incontrovertible, but
Ibecauso of tlu-ir capitalist manuge-
InMt the advantages are all on the
Isi.li. »f the capitalist class.
| du\ Kits mi AT OWNERSHIP is
This marked tendency in the dir.v-
Itiiin n( public control of such indus-
ItrK-s, is so seemingly so iaiist as to
[be sometimes mistaken for It, Yet,
IStrang,. „s it may Beam,  this move-
ir-iit, so far, is little mora than a
[development of capitalism. The in-
Mnslries thus partially socialized are
Imostly such us arc easily .monopoli//-
j«l, nml tend to exorbitance. They
Im- by nature ulso parusii.ica-1—that
they exist at the ex|«cnse of th."
I mure distinctly productivn Industries.
IAmi th.- capital invested in produc-
Itiic- industry seeks their trail fer to
fthe state, either to secure relief from
fa burden that has become Oppressive
lor to provide an iniependent source
lot revenue, to meet the growing
Im-iils „f slut,* or municipality. Kith-
|it the Interest of one set of capitul-
lata are sucriliced for the iK'nefit of
I'he* real, or the state itself is made
Ith#* exploiter, Hut, in any event,
Ji-i'Ty step in ihis direction—in the
Intbstilution of public in place of i»i-
liliiiiiiml control—goes far to prove
I tne individual capitulist superfluous.
Now, whil,. these constructive ten-
Ilien,ics ol capitalism aro developing
Jlhn forms through which socialism
Itan bo eventually   realized,   its slow,
JHStruclivo action is equally potent
|in the same direction. As has just
linn shown, every monopoly is fore-
ling those whoso interests ore Ihrent-
ItBod by it to adopt the socialist in.*-
I'riixl of self-defense. And every con-
jtOtratlon of capital into fewer
Itamls, 1,111 ineroasos tho moss of
I'hose whose Interests are opposed to
I'he maintenance of its power, and
Ivastly sim|,|jf,..s Qjn process of its
Ijtoorption by the stato. As Marx
I has stand it, "The transformation
I"' scatter,.,! private pro|H'rty, arising
■J™ Individual labor, into capitalist
ll'iiMit,. property, is, naturally, n pro-
|";i incomparably more    protracted,
*'PW and ililllrult, that tho trans-
'"""''"ii of capitalistic private pro-
Iwty, already practically resting on
IwclallaHi production, into socialised
| I>r.i|M*flv.     in   tho former  cases     we
tho expropriation  of  the   mass
[eople bv a few usurpers;   in
the latter, we
"I a few
I f*0|lle.
.  As n summing up of this outline of
Jj* ™»in, features of modern scienti
ol ih,
have the expropriation
usurpers by the mass of the
wciallsm, the definitions of Kirk-
2t.il? Sdlft,,u' *vo isuhaps the cloar-
r'ii • h"V0   ,Kvn   ffiv<,»    in   n     l0n"
'* tm-m „f the nature and aim    of
movement,     According to Kirk-
by wage labor, must and ought to
pass away; and that it will give
place to the economic system, in
which industry will te conducted
with a collectl'vc capital albd by associated labor, with a view to an
Equitable system  of distribution."
Again he .'xpl-iins it lis >.,^ theory
of social evolution based on a new
principle 0f economic organization,
according 1o .vni.h imiUHll.y .nouW
Ik, carried on by CO-operatiWB workers jointly controlling the means of
Sihallle, after defining it in almost
the same terms, goes on to state
that "This collective method of production     would      remove  the present
competitive system by placing under
official administration such departments ,,t production as can be managed collectively (socially and co-operatively), us well Qj ,he distribution among all of the common produce of all, according to the amount
and social utility of the productive
labor of all. .* . The productive labor of all would be associated in establishments for ihe purpose of pio-
du.-iion und exchange, Bocl.uiy r.'bu-
aged, equipped out of collective cup-
iinl, ami worked by persons :n receipt of salaries, not ol private pro-
lits and wages." And glse-vb -ro he
states that 'The Alpha and -JiM-i/a
Of socialism is lhe transformation of
private and competing capital into a
united collective capital."
With the significance of these definitions clearly in mind, you will
readily appreciate how wholly lacking in force nnd application is i,.uch
of the current criticism of socialism;
such for instance as frequently emanates from the omniscient ami oracular ,-ditorial department.
Socialism does not propose any
portioning out of the wealth of the
country, share and share alike, nor
does it have a \ague expectation
that if ihis were done, it would
somehow or other stay divided. On
no other    point  is misrepresentation
iso frequent,   "f such sort  was    the
remark of Mr.  Ingalls, which recent-
I |y   went   the  rounds  of  the  Press,  to
the  effect   that   if   the  wealth  of    the
I nation   were  equally   divided,   "Within   six   months  some  men   would     Ik*
I riding in palace-cars, some in Img-
gies, some would Im- on foot, and
some would be sitting on the fence-
corners waiting for the procession to
go by." The only drawback to this
brilliant epigram is that it requires
for its proper appreciation ignorant,
aqua) to that of the man who made
it. True (enough In itself, it is wholly pointless in it' intended application. Equality of opportunity, with
an equitable distribution of the product, not necessarily equality of
wealth, is the aim of socialism. lt
wool,I, it is true, establish a joint
and equal or common ownership of
■ he productive capital of tho nation
Hut it would not divide it. It is the
product that, would be shared, according to the vulue of each one's la-
bur. That is a simple proposition
that anyone with business experience
can understand. No firm divides its
capital. It is preserved intact, and
the profits only are shared.
Neither does socialism exj-ect to
get along without capital, though
changing its character fundamentally. Today capital is the means of
exploitation: while under socialism,
it would lose this capitalist -quality,
and become simply the means of production. Socialism aims at 'he nli-
solute concent mt i.m of capital, the
tvali/ation of its greatest efficiency.
Instead af blindly denouncing combinations and trusts, it points out
and seeks t<> utilize lheir saving
dualities. The trust is a superior
form of commercial organization. It
eliminates the tremendous wastes involved in compel it io". ond demonstrates the advantages of combjna.
tion and s\stem over scattered and
planless effort. The trusts haw com
to stav Hut we must take possession of them if wo would not have
them  for our  masters.
Socialism <l»cs not preach antagonism between labor and capital, nor
is ii blind to the dependence of tne
one upon the .-.her. tl has just boon
shown thai it would Imve later, profit by the H*' of capital to the £11-
,.„,.  possible  extent,   by   tttfbtal .tin
its most efficient form.    What II dwl
'   I, is that fundamental opposition
-a-la which necessarily <'x>*t*
who roonopoilw    the
'he theory of Socialism  .
that the present economic    order,
t'hu-h  industry  is   carried on  bv
of   int.
hot/ween thos*     ,
apital to their own advantage, sad
Sow who, through that "'onopolv
Se'being  robbed.     The  unt.-gon sn,
£ no.  between Ujbw    ^   ™a 's*'
but   between   laborer   and  capitalist.
blink our eyes arid cry peace
the  less  there
We mny
but  none
is war   in-
e competing  capitalists  served   cessant.
[The Government of To-day
/  ——
B» Vai Cerllaadt Bavii, l« Tha "Ballalo Expreii"
,% follow!
I H'l|
IM,!..,.     —"inK  whether   wrjtlen    In
i   "W earnest ,„. merely- ns a Josh, is
Wm-ki"0'th oaWM perusal'by every
Hght iSr??' as ■■- Pictures in - true
views of the ruling ilnsR In
, ■ - lo their relative importance
rial 1 °' th(> "mudsills" of the so-
-ln'r,. ,rm't,,TO. the working people.
ii„m... H.considerably moro than it'a-
cnili , ,,,Ht'1ration for tho opinions
MSbSS, b-v H,-'vlH- In fact, they
l»)iii . y ,0Bk'*l frwii the slaiul-
Th„ 01lr Present day ruling class,
'•"cent elections  in   the   Slates,
amplo evidence that   tho
«•»* •»" '""Sirirr'n.!.'.
correct estimate upon
that thero is    an
who does not hesi-
it.    Head tho   fol-
B refreshing
class places a
the Idborors, ami
occasional  Hevis
tate to proclaim ■ ,      ,       ,    .
Swing Mr, Mudsill, and gut a  look
ft yourself and your class;
"The  whole
iH wrong,  because us 1bV?-~
are fools, to bo govern,^,    not    to
11     ■■ mu     -I.-*.--—
theory  of  tho referen-
rule A government by the jieople.
that is, by all the people, of any
country is an utter absurdity something that never existed and never
will exist. It is only because of its
oligarchical tendencies that our American commonwealth has survived
to thc present time. Consider lor a
ntoment the intellectual development
of the masses of people in this country at the present. Leave out of
consideration tho negro element, eliminate all that horde of "citizens"
who cannot speak our tongue, and
take only the lower half of the residue, what feature would hnpress a
istudent from another planet who
should make a careful study of the
caiwibilities of the action of humanity thus isolated? >|ow could he dif--
lerentiatc their mentalities from
Ihcxse of un intelligent animal, a
hoiHe, a dog, or an ape? This is tho
class whose s hooling consists of
their ability to write and read and
Cipher. The class that lives from
hand to mouth without thought for
tomorrow or for anything beyond
their own dunghill environment. A
class without ideas, Without ambitions, without aspirations. When
they were enfranchised by our worthy but short-sighUxl ancestors, it
was never conceived that the.v would
fxerci.se that franchise otherwise
than under the leadership of those
whom nature and environment had
fitted to rule. Our nation was born
at a time when society - was fe-ucuiling
from the doctrines of absolutism and
in their enthusiasm the pendulum
swung too far.
''Uut it matters little how we got
into the present unfortunate condition of affairs. The question is,
what ure we going to do about it?
Society is an enormous pyramid. Bisect it in the center of its perpendicular and the base represents the
solden, seething mass of ignorance,
bigotry and superstition, the apex
represents what there is of intelli.
g.nce, refinement, culture and wdsr-
dom. You cannot balance the social pyramid ou the apex any more
than un individual could substitute
his head for the normal purposes for
which his feet were created. This
comparison holds good hi many
ways. The base of the so.iul pyramid is essential, it is as necessary
to the welfare of the whole as the
feet and legs are to the well being
of the human body, or the common
laborer and mechanic to the welfare
of the community. The legs and feet
must be properly controlled, they
must be ruled by the heads; so must
the lower strata of society be ruled
by the upper. Does the head submit to the toes a referendum as to
whether they shull progress in a certain direction? Does the toes rebel
because they are not asked or inaugurate the initiative of their own accord? If the head directs the feet
over ^o rough or long a |wth that
they become tired or sore, does not
the head take cognizance of this fact
and make amends therefor? So in
society who is interested in the welfare of the laboring people? Who is
agitating for better factory regulations? Who is interested in the establishment and conduct of public
charities if not the wealthy ami intellectual class? Then they seek to
take from their hands the reins of
government and intrust them to intellectual incompetents? I claim as
an axiom of civics that Intelligence
must rule. And by Intelligence what
do 1 mean? I in,ecu thai class of
people who huve the educatiioii, train
ing and the leisure to take thought
for the morrow, that class of people
who have an interest in the permanency of our social institutions, that
class of people who by their skill
in managing their own affairs have
fairly won Ihe right to manage the
affairs of others. In just the proportion that the 1-est element rules,
do wc have wise laws, clean administration, protection of property and
proper co-ordination of classes. As
vou inject the low, rude and uneducated masses into the affairs of state
in just that proportion do you inject
lawlessness, corruption and foolish
and disrupting class legislation, lead-,
im? legitimately to anarchy and So-
ciaHsm, The crying need of tho hour
is not for more representative legislation, |iit for less representative,
not to prostitute government by
bringing it down to the people, but
to chasten and purify it by exalting
it   above  the  people.
"To secure temporary gain it is
the custom of the educated and in-
tclllgient classes to cajole Uu* mot) by-
fair words and alluring promises,
and of lute this has largely taken the'
form of instructing the masses as to
the power of the ballot. This Fab-
Ian program has now borno its legitimate fruit. The constant prntiiur
about rights which do not exist nnd
the holding up of fals.' ideals of p.i-
litiiiil equality has intoxicated the
public mind with a lust of power.
We have sown the windSand ure reaping the whirlwind. A new tack must
lie taken. In some manner intelli-
irence nmst continue lo control.
Strong measures must he adopted, or
we shnll shortly drift through the
alluring portal off public ownership
to pure Socialism. Few seem to appreciate the full significance of events; for instance, it was by the
hardest of work and t'y a narrow mar-
e-in that we saved the Civic League
from being filched from our control
and being made representative of tho
"As an illustration of my meaning
I have but to refer you to the limitations on the elective franchise recently adopted in some parts of the
(lerman empire, where tho Socialists
threaten the permanence of society.
There thoy have lieen compelled to
make throe classes of voters according to their incomes, allowing each
class to elect one-third of the legislative bodies.
"I/'t im no longer trifle with tho
ck-aclly virus In the veins of society,
no longer temporize with tho clamoring mob, but speak out our true
thoughts, nnd act our true selves,
and assort the inalienable prerogatives of wealth and learning before
it is everlastingly  too late."
Patronize  Clarion Advertiser*.
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Bundles of 25 or more copies to
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cent per copy.
Above tho cracking of the Cossack
whips, the irenzied shouts of the
strikers, the maddening yells of the
revolutionary radicals and tho intermittent discharge of firearms, there
rises in plaza and prospect in St.
Petersburg the sound- of tho Marseillaise. Crowds of excited working-
men are parading the streets singin
tho inspiring hymn that has dieen t'he
anthem of freedom in all European
movements of liberation since the
French  revolution.
Some day tho historian will write
of the pan the Marseiliaise has played In the progress of civilization, lt.
will Ik, un interesting chapter of the
world's history. For more than a
century now, the famous hvmn has
Inspired men to throw olT the yoke
of the oppressor, to stand forth upright and free. Not a.revolutionary
movement in ipurops since the streets
of Paris ran blood that the Marseillaise has not. rallied the people to
the standard of freedom and sent
thorn battling either to liberty or
It was in April, 1792, that the
Marseillaise was born In Strassburg.
When a company of volunteers was
about to leave the city, the mayor,
one Diedrich by name, gave a banquet in honor of Lhe troops and asked un officer of artillery, named Kou-
get de Lisle, to compose a song in
their honor. U'ouget wrote the words
during the night, adapting the music, probably, from Orison's oratorio
of "Esther." On tho following day
it was sung with rapturous enthusiasm and instead of 600 volunteers.
1,000 marched out of Strassburg.
The Marseillaise—or the War Chant
of the Army of the Khine, as it was
baptized—began its mission of stirring the hearts of the liberty-loving
that first day it was given to the
world, has kept it up to this day,
and will keep it up to the end of
Although the Marseillaise became
the hymn of the French revolution, lt|
was not heard in Paris until thc
Marseillaise battalion took it to the
city and sang it at the storming of
the Tiiillerios. It was received with
transports by the Parisians, who
gave it the name which it has since
borne.—Des   Moines   KcgiMer  Leader.
Patronize our advertisers.
The teacher had grown eloquent in
picturing to his little pupils tho
beauties of heaven, and he finally
asked: "What kind of little boys
go to heaven?" A lively little four-
year-old boy, with kicking boots,
nourished his fist. "Well, you may-
answer," saicl tho tea-her. "Dead
ones:" shouted the little fellow at
the extent  of  his  lungs.
"It strikes me, Mary," mildly observed Mr. Slowgun, "that thoso
cakes would be decidedly better if
they had a little more ginger in
"So would you, John," calmly rejoined the feminine end of the combine."—Chicago Daily News.
Mr. Marpole, general superintendent of the C.P.R., having returned
from a trip through the iCootcnay,
and along the main lino, reports the
people along tho road to be "full of
confidence," which presumably implies that that enterprising comnany
has 1 ft them nothing else for filling.
Whether this cheap but no doubt satisfactory filling was left within thei</
reach b.v tho company intentionally
or not  is unknown.
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Bicycles, Guns, Ammunition,
And Bicycle Sundries.
42 Broad St. VICTORIA, B. C.
Phone B969
Albion Stove Works,
FACTORY, 38, 42 Pembroke Street,
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Douglas Street,    •
121 Hastings Street,
We, the Socislist Party of Canada,
k coryrenti el* s t embled, affirm ou'
allegiance to and support of the prL:*
riples snd prog.am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should ;u«-tly belong.. To nne
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecwtir mic system is bssed
upon capitalist ownership of the
meana of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist clsss. The cspitslist is
msster; the worker is slave.
So long ss the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist sn ever-swelling stresm of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies In the direction of setting itself
free from cspitslist exploitstion by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the cspitslist to hold;
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the clsss struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organise under the banner of ths
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up snd sn-
forcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, ct capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, tsMa, rail*
ways, etc.,) into the collectiw property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, ss speedily
ti possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socislist Psrty, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until ths
present system is abolished, make tbe
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of ths working
class snd aid the workers in their clsss
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Psrty is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands i.i such a manner as to promote tru interests of thc working clsss
(3   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
.Socialist Tarty of Canada.
Patronise OUr advertisers. Hudson's Bay Company, Agents
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into s
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any otber political | arty, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age         Citizen	
Admitted to I^ocal 19	
 Chairman         Rec.-Sec.
'■■ ■
!.•     .1'
1   1
btttMvU\^i\hnmbiSamna^ JPOut
VEE WtSttflt* tiLAfclO*,    ^ANCOUVgit,   feBMlSH   00
teAittftb^, m. &, <m
■ *v?'*
. '- 5 ;:
Edited »y R. P- rETTTPIECE. to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed.
'Are you on, Kiddo?'
If notr-*'Outside for yours!
That is to.say; have you rustled a
Clarion sub., or contributed to the
"News  and  Views"   department yet?
The  "Marseillaise"   being sung
parade oi hungry  workers in
streets of London, Eng., augurs well
for the coming revolution at the seat
of Capitalism,
"To arms, to arms, ye brave 1
Th' avenging sword unsheath.
Match on, march on,
All hearts resolved
On Victory of Deathl"
"Workers of England,
ye like cravens?
shall triumph and England be free."
—J. Conncli.
"My client is a working man,"
said Mr. Baxter, a local lawyer who
threatens an action against the city,
because the police threw the client
into gaol like an old pair of boots,
dislocating his shoulder, and then
treating his appeal for aid with contempt for over five, hours. "A workingman: " Wny, certainly. Who else
would it be?
The Czar of ltussia recently decreed that some 15U mutinous sailors*
be shot to death .for conduct unbecoming defenders of the rulinc class-
Lacer a mass meeting of revolutionary worivers passed a resolution,
threatening to wipe out the whole
.Bureaucracy if the Imperial decree
was carried out at Cronstadt. Now
comes the announcement that "His
Majesty" has decided to show "lni-
Iierial clemency to the mutineers."
There is need for a proletarian revolution in more places than Russia.
Set Forth by A. R. Stebbings,
Sullivan Hall Last Sunday
Evening Before a Fair-Sized Audience of Workingmen and Women
The regular educational meetinir of
Vancouver Local, S.P. of C, was
held in Sullivan Hall, last Sunday
evening', A. R. Stebbings being the
speaker of the evening.
His subject was "Factors in the
Socialist Movement."
First he dwelt upon the necessity
of the Socialist movement remaining
a proletariat movement, voicing the
interests of the wage-earning class,
propertyless in the means of wealth
Of "intellectuals" thc speaker seemed somewhat in doubt, history having so often proved their betrayal of
the workers. Too often, they have
to do with "wages," "reforms," and
what not, forgetting the necessity
for the abolition of human slavery.
"Expropriation"     was    also dealt
with    by    the speaker.     He pointed
,,,,,.,,   , t „„_  out thc mnny hallucinations obtain-
If ever  there was a bunch .     ass- ^ bourgeoisie,  and too
less belly-achcrs on the Pacific Coast      -^ b *
the   Vancouver  Moral   «->'«■••»•   As.no-  u'^" w»««*
ders develop into a rebellion against
the government, THE MILITIA
MUST ACT. Bu^ even In such a
case, which we hope will never arise,
local militia will not be mobilized.
It is too hard on citizen soldiers to
ask them in any case to charge or
fire upon their personal friends and
"I hope that the fear referred to
may be speedily dispelled, and that
all able-bodied young men may be
led to do their duty to the empire
by fitting themselves by physical
training and discipline for national
All this guff about the workers'
"duty to the empire," fails to en-
vcigle B. C. workers any longer.
Thero isn't a sjicck of fight in a
slave who sloops so low as to join
his masters' means of holding his
fellow-workers in subjection,
don't join militias.
Secretary Morgan is in Chilliwack
this week, seeking a field for exploitation, and will probably organize a
Local of the S. P. of C, as a sideline.     Further particulars later.
I^ibor Hall was full up on Sunday
evening last,  when  Comrade   Arthur
Morrow Lewis, State lecturer of California delivered a lecture on "Some
Objections  to   Socialism   Answered.
Comrade Lewis    handled his subject
w,11   and kept his audience in   their
seats  till  after  ten  o'clock.  The  usual stock of objections to Socialism
was answered right well, and I think
many    went    a way    with new ideas
thev had not before perceived.   After
Comrade I/awis  explained  the clivid-
Ing-uP process, I am sure many "Stum
bled" to tho correct process of divid-
ine-up some of the work instead     of
the erroneous idea  of a division     of
money.    Comrade Lewis sewed    the
pulpit for its    attitude toward    the
working class, and if there were any
res]iectnble  pew-holders  present   and
didn't  get  any  kinks  taken out     of
them T am sorry for them.   Comrade
Ijewis' clear exposition of the social**
ist  philosophy,   his  clear,  uncompromising Marxian tone throughout his
able discourse, seemed to impress his
hearers, and  no    doubt some    went
home at least convinced that    there
was  something   radically   wroni*     in
the kingdom of capitalism,  while let
us hope that some lukewarm socialists  present rc'ccrved  a new impetus,
were shaken  out  of    their   lethnre-*-
and will  take a more active part in
the afiairs of tho Local and    movement generally in the future. If Comrade Lewis ever lectures here   again,
a bumper house is in store for him.
Harold burnett.
Literary  Agent.
"Mail me another bundle of Clarions to Ladysmith. Arrived here yesterday," writes Com. Arnason, under date of 16th inst. May have to
have the Clarions come to Com- Han
nay for some of the subscribers, because they fear having it mailed direct.     'Nuff sed."
Reform  Association is hereby commended. It gets
very  busy  .-bout    municipal election
time with thu usual tommy-rot about
"Sunday drinking," and the removal
of the "red-light district.    The proletarian     gin-mills     occasionally get
soaked; the "better class"  hotels go
scot    free,    and the "licfuor traffic"
still prevails.     If thc frecj^enters get
,too    hilarious  "after  hours,"     they
are apt to be ejected and put to the
trouble of hiring a hack, or walking
all  the way to Dupont street where
no "licenses" or "after hours"     obtain.     Oh,  the farce of it all,  it is
to laugh!
world Heaven will be ample compensation for them all.
Applause was created when Mrs.
Lewis voiced tho Socialist maxim
that if there is a Heaven, the surest
way to got a scat there will be to do
your utmost to improve conditions
here below.
The room was well filled, several
hundred men being present, but the
women could be counted on the fingers. I wonder why.' Is it that the
fathers are more interested in child
labor than the mothers? I wonder.
One Socialist writer declares the women are sound asleep and fervently
wishes someone would invent a way
to walde them up, and ejaculates:—
"Lord, how they   do sleep!"'
F. E.  C.
Piwill Uriel, Cedar Cove
•Revelstoke,  B.C..   Nbtv.   19.-
So long as there is profit in selling
booze, there will be booze—at any
and all hours-for those who savy.
It is claimed that the Great Northern is employing 1,000 men on its
extension from Midway, B.C., and
would employ 5,000 if dt could get
them. This awful scarcity \d labor
is heartrending, especially when tho
work is so light and the wages so
There's a writer on tho editorial
staff of The Province who is apt to
bo let out at any time. Listen to
what he says of the struggle for
freedom in Russia:
"The spirit in which tho strikers'
committee in St. Petersburg have
received the appeal made to them
by Count Witte must have pained
that distinguished statesman and reformer. And yet it must be confessed that their pointed ridicule of his
professions and promises are not
without the elements of sound" common sense. Count Witte is in no no-
sition to place himself on a level as,
hc does in his note, with the workmen whom he addressed. THEY
OF THE MOMENT.     •   •   •   "
For the sake of the cause ho represents, let It be hoped that the Daily Province has incorrectly reported
the pulpit remarks of Rev. W. E.
Pescott, of Wesley Church, this city,
on Sunday wcok. Otherwise, Mr,
Pescott has exhibited monumental ignorance of the science of Socialism,
and made a very sickly defense of the
present Christian era. For instance,
he says: "Adopting Socialism would
be going back to barbarism. • • •
Another result of Socialism would
be the rule of thc average, the common-place intelligence in the world.
* * • It would be a reversal of the
laws of nature and Ood to go back
to the system suggested by Socialism." Such base calumny is unworthy a fair-minded man, and needs
no refutation. The above excerpts
are reprodi ed merely to further convince the 5,000 voting Socialists of
li.C, of the errors of their way.
Suflico it is to say that Mr. Pescott
has never studied Socialist economics, nor even attended a Socialist
meeting in his life. If he has and
believes his own words, the editor of
this department would lie glad to arranger for a public debate in tho City
Mall with a member of "the avcre
the common-place intelligence in the
world," all expenses, as usual to be
borne by the latter, providing, of
course, Mr. Pescott can come down
from his high pedestal of broadcloth
and dignity long enough to associate
with a hall-full of workingmen. Will
yau come out ln the open, Mr. Pescott? Or will you Insist upon the
protection of the pulpit?
to be "expropriated," showing that
under the wage-system the workers
had the product of their labor "expropriated" every day they were fortunate enough to have a master— a
job. To seize the reins of power,
and by legal enactment, or otherwise
to take back our own, would be "res
toration." rather, than "expropriation." This "restoration" of course,
would only apply to capitalist pro-
Iierty—things which the workers use
collectively, and the ruling class
use to exploit labor of its product.
Private property would then be possible, a something which few peddlers of labor-power enjoy today.
The "Press" and "Pulpit" as factors in the defence of the present-day
ruling class also received some little
attention at thc hands of Com. Stebin
bings. He explained why these
forces were but mere expressions of
their "base of supply"—capitalist
"Organized labor" was briefly alluded to, the recent attempt to hitch
the I. W. W., to the Socialist Party, receiving more notice than entitled to.
In summing up the speaker emphasized the necessity of political action first by thc ballot, then by
whatever means deemed expedient.
Said he, in closing, "Any working-
man who votes the Liberal or Conservative party ticket, thereby sanctions his slavery and deserves the
eonsoqjwences, if thc workers need
help, they must help themselves."
Quite a few questions were answered later by the speaker, and the
five-minute discussions were chiefly
comments upon the happenings in
Russia at this time.
A "labor-day parade" was also
mooted for next election day in
Vancouver, the workers to convene
at Labor Hall, and march to the
polls as men, not as sellers of the
commodity labor-power.
Five yearly sub. cards, $3.75.
I.W.W.—The general strike in Russia has no bearing whatever upon
the trades or any other kind of an
economic organization. In fact there
aro no trades unions In Russia, as
we understand the term. The demonstrations on the part of the revolutionaries in Russia is nothing If
not political; it seeks to overthrow
Autocracy and establish Capitalism
in its stead. The Socialist Revolution is yet to come—by precisely the
same modus operandi. There is nothing in the l.W.W. constitution advocating nny such action. Expend
your energy on an emancipating
 O ..ii.
Van Anda, Texada Island, Nov. 13.
Dear Comrade. Will you kindly
change my address to Read Island I'.
O., as I am about to leave Texada.
Also send the extra Clarions coming
to me to Com. Mat Malliday, who
will be able to make better use of
them in the future than I. I may
say that I hope to be able to eke
out a living on a farm from now on
and if I can do so shall not be forced to peddle my labor-power any
more. However, my good wishes and
my vote will ever be with the wage-
laborers, and if I over get any spare
dollars I will be ready, as in the
past, to help the movement with a
little cash. Socialism in Vancou-
\ei seems to ue making /ery encou.
aging headway and no one will
watch its progress with greater concern than I. With best wishes for
the Clarion and all concerned. I remain, yours fraternally,
The workers of British Columbia
arc getting next to themselves. In
order to induce some of them to join
thc defenders of the ruling class, Col.
Holmes, D. O. C, Is doing a little
side-stepping stunt, entitled,"It isn't
but it is."
First the Colonel says: "You may
assure all young men for me that
they may join the militia without
the slightest fear of ever being called upon' to suppress disorders growing out of labor troubles."
And as a military substantiation,
adds thc following: "I cannot guarantee that the militia will never be
called upon to SUPPRESS INTERNAL DISORDERS. First, however,
there are the local and district police, reinforced if necessary by special constables.    Of course, If dlsor-
This     is
J. Arna-
"Mount Sicker 0. K.!"
the message from Com. A.
son, dated Nov. 14th., at the above
address. "Being a traveller engaged
in trying to i spread the seeds of Socialism among those who produce
all," writes the comrade, "I arrived
at Mount Sicker on Saturday Nov.
11th., and it being tho first mining
camp I ever visited, this peculiar
form of wealth production proved
qfciite interesting to me. However,
after taking my bearings, I commenced operations and to my (I may
say) surprise, I found miners with
whom I had conversation who were
more than beginning to understand
their position in society as wage-
slaves, and still studying and threshing -the epiestions out among themselves. • • • Arrangements for a
meeting in Miners' Hall on Sunday
afternoon were hurriedly made, and
it was well attended. Com. Wotxl-
roff acted as chairman, and Corns.
l.ea, Tallon, Woodroff and myself
made short speeches. • • * A de-
bat© Is to take place at the next
regular meeting of the Miners' Union, on Nov. 15th, on 'Unionism or
Socialism.' "
Organizer Chas. F. Ijowrie, sends
along cheering news of the progress
of Alberta Local, No. 2. Says he:
"Our Local held a propaganda meet-
in" last Sunday, Nov. 5th.. at Stov-
ely. Com. Ed. Auclan, of Park Hill,
made a creditable maiden speech for
Socialism, after which the usual
Questions of "How are you going to
adquire possession. Wouldn't everybody have soft snaps?" etc., were
asked by some of those present. These
were answered to the satisfaction of
the interrogates.     Collection $1.90.
The organizer was authorized to
arrange for the next meeting at
Clares-holm, about the first week in
December. If the weather is favorable an open-air meeting will be
held in the afternoon, in addition to
a hall-meeting in the evening.
No candidate of the Socialist Party was placed in, thc field during the
first provincial elections in Alberta,
due to the $100 deposit required,
which practically disfranchised S.P.
adherents for the present, "But,"
says Com. Lowric, "you'll hear from
us later." Comrade O. Lund, a United States Socialist Party national
committeeman from the State of
Washington, is locating in Alberta,
and wc expect to make him do his
share of the propaganda work when
ho gets settled.
"Whnt is tho matter with the rest
of Albfgrta? We ought to have
strong, healthy locals ttt Calgary
Ijethhrldge, and in tho Crows' Nest
district. Yours for Socialism in our
The followiog account of Mrs. Lena Morrow Lewis' meeting, written
b*' a lady comrade recently from
England, was received too late for
last issue:
A largo and enthusiastic audience
assembled in the City Hall on Sun-
day evening, -Nov. 12th, to hear Mrs
Lena Morrow Ijewis, of San Francisco, who lectured on "Child Lablor,"
under the auspices of Local Vancouver of the Socialist I'arty of Canada.
Sho opened the meeting by reading
several passages from Robt. Blatch-
ford's book "God and My Neighbor."
What is the use of preaching individual holiness with the present economic conditions? What is the use of
weeping over the sufferings of a Sav-
iotis crucified two thousand years ago
when men, women and little children
ure being cruicitfied in our midst day
after day without pity and without
Speaking of Child-labor as it exists in the United States, Mrs. Ijewis mentioned that whole factories in
certain states, after the passing of
the act. forbidding the cmplojmcnt of
children, migrated to South Carolina where the act does not exist.
Child-laV>r under Lhe capitalist system is absolutely necessary.
It is necessary for the capitalist to
make his profits and if a child can
do the work of an adult with only a
child's pay why not? It is alas, nee-
cm jo a.iuuuoiuiBtu om jo; a'joss-j
homes from which the children come.
Were child-labor to be abolished tomorrow, no small proportion of the
population would be thrown into din*,
poverty in consequence.
It is necessary, thon, that our little ones should, Instead of romping
in tho playground enjoying a happy
healthy childhood, be minding the
looms, breathing close flax-laden air,
their heads racked with tho roar of
machinery, toiling far beyond their
Strength for ten and even twelve
hours a day.
What is the consoqsronce of this for
them, both physically and mentally?
A largo percentage of them die of
consumption before reaching maturity. Many of them become idiots. A
young child will not live more than
four years after working this number of hours Those who do survive are stunted in growth and mentally dulled and an impaired physique renders them an easy prey to
Tho next generation are inferior in
both mind and body and tho degeneracy of tho race is consequent upon
this inhuman system.
Mrs. fjowis read tho two following
stan/ns from Mrs. E. II. Drownings
poem, "The {'ry of the Children:"
Do ye haar the children weeping, O
my brothers,
Eiv the fou„w comas with years,}
Thjy are leaning their young   hoafli
against their mothers—
And thut cannot stop their tears,
The young lambs are bleating in the
The young birds are chirping  in
tho nest;
The    young   fawns nro pluylng with
the shadows;
The young flowers are blowing toward the West-
Hut the young, young children, 0 my
They are weeping bitterly!—
They aro weeping in the playtime of
tho others,
In the cdlintry of the free."
"Do you question the young children
in their sorrow,
Why  their tears are falling so?—
The old man may  weep for his   tomorrow
Which is lost In Long Ago-
Tho old tree is leafless in the forest-l
lhe    old    year is ending in tho
Tho old    wound    if stricken, Is   Uie
The    old    hope   is hardest to bo
But tho young, young children, 0 mv
Do you ask them why thev 8t«nd
Weeping sore before  the bosoms    of
their mothers.
In our happy Fatherland?"
Several questions were asked at
the close of the address, ar.-i jn roplv
to one, the apathy of the Church
with regard to this crying evil waa
commented upon. Its attitude' was
one of servile submission to the ruling class, from which it derives its
mipjiort. It teaches that no matter
how many ills you may suffer In this
semain here probably the remainder
o« tho week. Send me another
bunch of Clarions. Will send you
money order tomorrow with a fine
bunch of subs. • • V AW now
arranging for trip through tlhe Okanr
agan. Will double back to Salmon
Arm and walk to Armstrong, (18
miles), as it. is well settled alomr
the road. • * • 01 the movement,
here, more later. • « • "-Harry
"Having formed a Locai here, 1
am desirous ol having all members
read Canadian Socialist literature,
so I'll make a start by enclosing a
postal note for 25c, for a bundle of
25 Western Clarions, and I will brimr
the matter up at next mux-ting as to
the advisability of continuing this
bundle  weekly,   or  more  if  possible.
Please send me a copy of Marx'
"Wage, labor and Capital." Yours,
Alexander Boyd, TdO King St., east,
Hamilton, Ont.
Mounting Urge Game Head.
Taxidermist and Fur«rs»s»
Ul Potior tt. Opp. P,„p|(
Me's Thcatn
: Second Hand Dealer
Augem, Log.
A couple of communications are
held over this week,
, o—•	
The regular business meeting of the
above local was held at the .headquarters on Monday evening. Nov.
2<lth      Comrade  Seney  in  the chail.
The minutes of the previous meeting were adopted, and ont! application for membership admitted, and
two others ordered to take the usual course.
Warrants  were authorized for:
Rent of headquarters    $20.00
Kent of Sullivan Hall         3.50
Postage, duty and stationery .70
Boom Chains,
gars' Jacks. Etc.
Ws have moved into our new
commodious premise*:
138 Cordova St., East
'Pkeae 1571       Vancouver, B. c
Chicago   'ihoiYstiJ
representative   [w
WANTED:     by
house,   special
each province in Canada.
$20,00    and   excuses paid we
Expense    money   advanced.   Busl
ness successful; position permaM-tl
No   investment  required.   Previmi
experience not essential t<-
ing.    Address
General Manager, 182 Uke St.
Chicago, 111., u,s.Al
This issue is No. 848. If this ij|
the number upon your address slip.I
your subscription expires wilh this J
number. If further copies are desir-l
ed, renewal should ne made at onctl
care is taken  to renew More the!
Total    $24.20
The Program Committee reported
the engagement of Comrade Petti-
plece, as speaker at Sullivan Hall,
on next Sunday evening, and the literary Agent reported having sent for
ten dollars' worth of new literature.
A bill from the "Clarion" was ordered to stand owr to next meet ine
while the treasurer was makin" settlement on warrants already drawn.
The financial report showed receipts for the week as follows:
Collection.   Sullivan   Hall    $4.30
Literature sales  15
Dues      2.50
Total      $6.95
N.B.—Immediately    after    the   adjournment of the next business meeting    on  Npv.  27,  a special meetintr
will convene to consider the advisability of interesting ourselves in the
forthcoming  Municipal  elections.
Secrctar /.
o ■ .
Under the present system the resources of the earth and thc machinery of production can Only be used
as a means of exploiting labor.
. o-	
The wages of labor are determined
by the condition of the labor market. Every improvement in the machinery and processes of production,
tends to uggravate these conditions,
b.v rendering superfluous an ever-Increasing number of workmen.
If thc Russian peasants succeed in
killing oil all the land-owners, the
country will face a much more serious calamity than has yet befallen
it, as there would be no one to
whom these peasants could pay their
tent. The resultant consoepmnecs are
too horrible to contemplate.
Among the banners carried in > a recent London unemployed demonstration was one bearing the words :
"There is a Limit to Human Endurance." After a careful -erusal of tho
history of tho English working class
for the past one thousand --ears or
so, wc are inclined to wonder how
they nectuired this knowledge about
the "Limit" so soon.
expiration of the old .subscriptions ill
will greatly simplify matters in th sl
office as well as avoid nny break la|
receipt of papers.
Box 8.10,
Van ouver U. C,
Negligee Shirt
Nat Tm Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now hers-l
some of the choice ones will be soldi
early, and some of the de»l|is til
cannot duplicate. If you appro-ills!
unusual styles it will iotorast ft* u|
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tba Saarteat Salt Hat of thc Sum
These Hats have been enthusiasti-l
cally received by young men frosl
the very first day we brought thiol
out. Neither trouble nor MIWSl
has been saved in thc productioi of I
these goods, as you will oheerhll
acknowledge upon examination.
Ill Cordova Strict
Cash Grocery Store!
We also carry a full line of Fursl-I
ture.  on easy  payments,   at  I"". |
that cannot  he  duplicated,
inspect our stock.
Car Waitaslaiter Ave and Harris Street |
Racineer* and others who rc<. 11 <<w■ rt(j
It^rf having lheir IMtmt -<•-•".■£rp,
by Riper.*.   Pretotaji7»dv)ce fW;•       _
moderate.  Oar *"*«K»NA^'rkl.ileA
requett. lUrlon«c M.ri.m, New\or* ■
Montreal; uud W*ihin„'i"». U.6, «••*•
72 Cordova St.,   next to   Harv.-y'o
There ls no home too small to uso Electric Light-   i'^'1 v
ling should use lt—everybody should uso It. .   f|,,|tt
The children—bless them!—they cannot upset the EImW   w(th
and burn tho house down,   Thoy can do no harm whatovor
Electric Light. jj0
It can be lighted or extinguished hy a touch of the 1,,l,!()"flii9.
lamps to clean, no smell of   Coal Oil,  no disfigurement  oi
When a small amount of light is nocded, fi or 1" '•'"""' .L^
or lamps may be Installed, thus reducing the total expense <>'
ing by this method. (akc
Call and see us in reference to Installing Electric Light to
«ho place of your Coal Oil Lamps. —
m» »■»»«


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