BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Clarion Sep 23, 1905

Item Metadata


JSON: wclarion-1.0318653.json
JSON-LD: wclarion-1.0318653-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): wclarion-1.0318653-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: wclarion-1.0318653-rdf.json
Turtle: wclarion-1.0318653-turtle.txt
N-Triples: wclarion-1.0318653-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: wclarion-1.0318653-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array '    3
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, September 23, 1905
subscription Price
The Rights of the Hone and the Rights ol Man.
I   „,ii,t civilisation   has   endowed
'W;   worker with tl"' metaphysial man, but this Is only to
, 'mure closely and more flrm-
* T. coTomlc duty.
»•"'       n -ree"   so    speak    the
KVan to the laborer, "free to
ij-er ml
IU-  «il
,.„ ,1 iivliifif und turn your
a"      tt millionaire; free to sell
llber,y ,.,.- a   mouthful of
Imprison  you  ten  or
Lte hours I" I"1
jKljiiU »
workshop; he win
oui iill you are Wearied
nla,„>,. »f >""• oonsa, till you
nough strength left to gulp
md sink Into a heavy
nf your rights
jrejtiHi '-
I you have bul one
Ninas n"i I"-'11' ,l"a UliU lH lhe
v taxes
villsatlon may be hard
S^orkliU!  humanity,  but   they
' y , mothei a tenderness for the
■ •       Js cull "low-
Li-which muuld li I
latlon lii> especially favored
fjMlne race; It would be too great
iu,-in through the long list of lis
Kictions; 1 will name but a few, of
yn\ notoriety, that 1 may awaken
illIUlll,. the passionate desires of
Mj,:kM    now  torpid in their mis-
s   are   divided    Into    distinct
•ri„ equine aristocracy enjoys
Ujiij- ami so oppressive privileges,
Bti the human-faced brutes which
jj'tbemaa Jockeys, trainers, stable
|U anJ grooms  were   not  morally
railed to the point of   not feeling
Jlhame, lliey would have rebelled
(tat thi-ir l"i iis and masters, whom
r-jb   down,   groom, brush   and
ii, alfii making their beds, clean-
pp their excrements and receiving
iand kicks by way of thanks,
rlstoiratk   horses, like   capitalists,
it wink: and  when they exercise
Hives in the fields they look dually, with a coupon-clipper's oon-
f, upon ihe human animals which
Had see dlhe lands, mow- and rake
Meadows, to   provide them  with
Ulov.-t, timothy and other SOCCUl-
Kse four-fooled favorites of i-lvlll-
commmtii such social Influence
I ihey tmpos« their wills upon the
KtUsui, th-ii  brothers In privilege;
Bftree the loftiest ol them to come
their beautiful   ladies   and   take
lln the stables,  inhaling  the acrid
(fames n(    their solid    and    liquid
Mors.   And   when    these   lords
hiii to parade  In  public, they re-
trom  i-ii   tu   twenty   thousand
i ai„l  women   to stack   themselves i
mi uncomfortable seats, under the
•fling sun, t" admire their ext-uisite-
beled foi ma    und their tents of
Bins and  leaping.     They    respect
lot   the social    dignities    before
ach ilie votaries ot    the Rights of
i bun- in reverence.   At ChantiUy
l!" -, ago oni   of the favorites for
firand prize launched a kick at the
Belgium, because  it did not
Hh'- looks of his head.    His royal
laty, who adores horses, murmur*
i apology and  withdrew,
^fortunate that these horses, who
l count more   authentic    ancestors
jthe nous ts ol Orleans and Hohen-
po. have  not  been    corrupted   by
rblghsociai station; had they tak-
llnto their heads to rival the cap-
&u In aesthetic pretentions, profll-
laaury an I depraved tastes, such
I'Mriiitf lace  and    diamonds,  and
|*ir'S champagne    and   Chateau-
piUx, a bl ti ker misery iind  more
rtielmlng  drudgery would bo Im-
P&over He  class of wage-work-
rice happy it is for proletarian bu-
">' that these   equina aristocrats
""'" tiken    the fancy of feeling
human (lesh, like the old Bengal
N which rove around the villages
1 to carry off women and child-
I- unhappily the horses bud  been
",,l"ls Ihi capitalists, who ran re-
them nothing,  would  have  built
houses   tor   wage-workers,
""> could carve out and dress
W ■ woman    hams    nml    girl
lo mitl iy  iheir tinthropophaglc
" Proletarian   horses, not so well
"••'I. have t.t work f«u- their peck
".but the capitalist class, through
-Jlll'f'"" •'" He-   aristocrats of tho
„   ':"" 'cedes   to the working
. " r«»is that  are far more  solid
'"'I llian thos,. inscribed  in the
»«of Man."
•JjJJ of ilKhta, the right to exist-
•nicli „., civilised society will
s'" for Inborers, Is possessed t»y
"iit'tl' ''v"" l"'fnrp lts Dlrtn' whllc
thi.    'I '""s Htllt"-  begins to en-
"Rht in exlsetnce; his mother.
"'■ Pregnancy has scarcely bo-
ancharsed from all work nnd
sent Into the country to fashion the
new being in peine and comfort; she
remains near him to suckle him and
teach him to choose the delicious
grasses nf the meadow, in which he
gambols  until  lie is grown.
The moralists and DOlltlclans of the
' Rights of Man" think it would be
monstrous to grunt such rights to the
laborers;   I rased   a tempest   in the
Chamber   of     Deputies   when   I   asked
that women, two months before and
two months after confinement, should
have the right ami the means to absent themselves fnun the factory. My
[-reposition upset n thlca ot civilization and shook the capitalisl older.
What an abominable abomination—to
demand for babies the rights of colts.
As irn- the young proletarians, they
can scarcely  trot on  their little toes
before they are condemned to hard
labor In lhe prisons of capitalism, while
the cults develop freely under kindly
Nature; care is taken that they be
completely formed before they are set
to work, and their tasks are proportioned to their strength With a tender
This care on the part of the capitalist follows them all their lives. We
may siui recall the noble Indignation
of the bourgeois press when 11 learned
that the omnibus company was using
peat and tannery waste In its stalls as
a substitute for straw; to think of the
unhappy horses having such poor beds!
The more delicate souls of thc bourgeoisie have in every capitalist country
organised societ.es for the protection
of animals, in order to prove that they
can not be excited by the fate of the
small victims of industry. Schopenhauer, the bourgeois philosopher, ill
whom was incarnated so perfectly the
gross egotism of the Philistine, could
not bear the cracking of a whip without h s heart being torn by it.
This same omnibus company, which
works Its laborers from fourteen to
sixteen hours a day, requires from its
dear horses only five to seven hours, lt
has bought green meadows in which
they may recuperate from fatigue or
Indisposition.     Its   policy   is   to  expend
iiniii- for the entertainment of a quadruped than for paying the wages of a
bip.-d.    It  has  in vi-i curred  to any
legislator nor to any fanatical advocate ur Un- "Rights Of Man" to reduce
the   horse's  dally   pittance  t"   assure
him a retreat that would be uf service
lo him only after his death.
Ithemselves the ultimate workling of
i these every-day struggles. They ought
not to forget that they are fighting
with effects, but not with the causes
of those effects; that they are retarding the downward movement, but not
changing its direction; that they are
applying palliatives, not curing the
malady. They ought, therefore, not
to be exclusively absorbed in these
unavoidable- guerilla fights incessantly springing up from the never-ceasing encroachments of capital or
changes of the market. 'I'bey ought
to understand that, with all the miseries it imposes upon them, the present system simultaneously engenders
the material conditions and the social reforms necessary for an economic reconstruction of society. Instead of the conservative motto, 'A
fair day's wages for a fair day's |
work!' they ought to inscribe on
thi-ir banner the revolutionary watchword, 'Abolition of the wages system.'      •     #     •     •     •
"Trades unions work well "as centers of resistance against the en-
croachments of capital. They full
partially from nn injudicious use of
their power. They fail generally
Doubtless he saw what many others
have seen, that during the earlier
years of capitalist development, the
union could at times, afford at least
some protection to its members. Hut
as he has asserted in wage-labor and
capiital: "Thus tho cost of production of simple labor amounts to the
cost of laborer's subsistence and
propagation, and the price of its
cost determines its wages. This minimum of wages holds good, just as
does the determination by the cost
of production of the price of commodities in general, not for the particular individual but for the species.
Individual laborers, indeed millions
of them do not receive enough' to
enable them to subsist and | ropa-
gnte; but the wages jf the ' hole
working class with all their fluctuations are nicely adjusted to this
If the conclusion arrived at by
Marx in regard to exchange value
is  sound,  then  is    the   underpinning
using their organized forces as a lev
er for the final emancipation of tho
working class, ihat is to say, the
ultimate abolition of tho wages system."
The above from "Value, Price and
Profit," is handed around by our
contemporaries as unanswerable proof
that Marx wns on ardent supporter
of unionism. By careful reading,
however, it, will be quite evident
ihat   he    wns nothing  of  the     sort.
Marx evidently attached some importance to thc trade union movement, nnd logically so. It was the
only organization composed of worki-
men and what more natural than
that, he snould attach even more 1m-
IKirtance to It than it deserved.
Many a man has done and is doing
the same thing.
He who pins his faith to the trade
union movement should avoid Marx,
as the reading of his works can afford but cold comfort to any patchwork  or reform hobby.
Winnipeg Comrade Crilicizei One el tne Hypocriclcal Apologists ef Capitalism
The rights of horses havo not been Terror,  meetings ure on  the tin.t and
posted up; they ar.- "unwritten rights,"  third Sundays in each month,
as Socrates called   the laws implanted | »      *      •
by Nntuie In the consciousness of all j    Th<, f.u.t   ,hnt  0|,jtH;tions are urged
Tbe horse has shown his wisdom in
contenting Itself with these rights,
with no thought of demanding those
of the citizen; he bus Judged that he
would have been as stupid us man if
he had sacrificed his mess of lentils
for the metaphysical banquet of Rights
to Revolt, to Equality, to Liberty, and
other trivialities which to the proletariat are about as useful as a cautery
on a wooden leg.
Civilisation, though partial to the
equine race, bus not shown herself In-
dlffer-nt to the fate of the other animals. Sheep, like canons, pass their
days In pleasant and plentiful idleness
they are fed in th
lucerne,  rutabagas
y to insist that the . tern of production and distribution
the day is ideal, j0f wealth, the good that !s inherent
in every man would have fill | iay,
but that under capitalism it :s necessary to rob or lie robbed, /roicw
Carnegie is no better and no wo-se
than the rest of his class. L.lKe ttiler capitalists when his oiop9.'ty \ as
threatened, he called for the aid to
which he was legally *ncW*jd, and
defended it. His hands ure «i.»i ed
in the blood of the warking class,
but not his alone. Kvery In ml or
::tock-holder is possessed, tl!•••»•*.: *• r;-
indirectly, of the same ovUns m •<iiiu
Every building used by tbe public is
built with capitalist jousy -...ire
from the working class, every public
igamst the use of the Carnegie 110- (building is as blood-stained as any
the     working  class  in   this jjjbrary   built   with   Carnegie    money.
Not to use a library because it is
buiilt with capitalist money is quixotic To be logical, the same objection should be applied to all public  buildings,   parks,  etc.
It  would be fo
social  system of        _
Hut  nny     man     who   reads  history, '*
knows   that     the   condition   of      the
workringman   today  is  Infinitely   better iban it  was a century ago. Thus
the genial  Stelzle.
»      *      •
There will bo the usual fortnightly
meeting Of the Socialist party on
Sunday next ut 11 a.m., in thc
Voice Committee room. The notice
in ihe Voice last   week wns thero   in
rary by
city is encouraging because it shows
that class solidarity is not altogether a myth. How much better,
though,, instead of kicking against
details, to kick over the system
which gives the Carnegie's tho power
!ta slaughter our fellow workers. In
| the meantime let us take whate'er
the Gods send us.
ra led   by    wage-workers;   shepherds
conduct them to feet iu fat pastures,
and when lhe sun parches the plain,
they   an-   carried     to   where   they   can
browse on the tender grass of the
The Church, which bas burned her
heretics, and regrets that she can not
again bring up her suns In the love of
'mutton," represents Jcbus, under the
Mr.   Stelzle says that there   was a
time when conditions were so degrading that in     many cases full grown
... .men remained as homo caring for the
stable on  barley.   |(u|m,s   o).   memling    btocking8    ,vhiic
1,1,1    other   '■"oti'' | the women were engaged at the wearing work of the mill.    If Mr. Stelzle
I were to reipl  curent history he would
find that, on this continent  in many
ces  thc  men stay  at home   now-,
the  women onlj,  but  tlie
children also engage "at the wearing  many times over  the production
Mr. Stelzle. says that the numerous
advantages of modern civilization enjoyed by the average workingman today -and his superior positior as a
citizen and as a man, have made
him a progressive, right thinking human being. The inference is that before the blessings of modern civilization, with its fierce and bitter struggle for a livelihood, appeared on the
scene the workingman was neither
progressive, intelligent nor human.
Nearly all the inventions that have
multiplied the product of wealth so
^^^     ol
Diseased Cadtle ani Nogs Being Slaughtered and Sold li the Province.
irk of the mill.
increasing signs of unrest am-
the   working class are causing
form uf a kind shepherd, bearing upon  ""'s , ,"   ,    _, ., , ,     ,      ,
our friends of the     churcn     to bunt
his shoulders a weary lamb.
True, the love tor the ram
ewe   is   iii   the   last    analysis
love for the leg of mutton
let. just aa the Lll
nnl the
niy the
ami the «ni-
,-ty of the Rights
around more strenuously than usual
for dope wherewith to restore the
rjirieSCCnCO so necessary to the com'
tort nnd continued existence of their
owners,     the    capitalists. Charles
.. .. j..— —
nf  Man   is  nothing  but   the slavery  i,f :""■"■•■.      -••
  ...i Stelzle, who manages to carry arounh
the   wagi
ex ^^^^^^
bourgeois egotts
yet at least Ih
fallens   the  sheep tl
worker,  since  our  Jesuitical
title of  "Superintendent of
ie wage-worser, since ,,,.,  t,.-, ,.
vlllsatlon always disguises capitalist 'I'"' ''tK' "f "f<'i;enmutu.«., ■„    ...,
cploltatlon  in eternal principles and l>"l"i''<»>ent ot church and Labor oi
 i  Ithe Presbyterian Church in the   Oft-
our forefathers sprang into being
through ' members of tho working-
class and this speaks well enough for
their progress!veness and intelligence.,
Mr. Stelzle would have found con-
gi-ninl companions in the ranks of tho
old French nobility where many used
to declare that the serfs were of different clay from their noble selves,
and while claiming for themselves a
soul denied this gaseous appurtenance to their humble vassals.
•      •      »
arise, arise;   since m.-  ,—
Ihimi-nl  unfurl the nights uf  Man, do  are not  so
vou boldly demand for yourselves, your I ^^^^^^■■■^™^^^^*^__
wives and your children the nights of j     v century ago in Canada the work-
^^^        (Translated  Wa class was a   great  deal better olt
than   today.     Wealth   was  fairly  ov-
the Horse,—Paul Lafargue,
by Charles H. Kerr), fur the International Review. ■
N Should Inscribe on Their Banner the "Abolition ol the Wage System."
'»■! Mnrx
„. gathered b.v reading history, even
vlng capitalist history, written for
purpose of   proving the piesent
"'"'gniznd tho necessity
union wnon he suid   •   •
I   k"'""ri11    tendency of capitalist
"" is noi   lo  raise,   hut     to
' avWago standard of   wages
'Th lhe valtii
!• Hi,
Idlg'j'"" '"" vnltle of labor more
H thn I '"'"'""'m limit. Much
iii-,„ ' '''"leiu-y „( things in this
,,l ' 'ns saying that the work
In*"   °"Rht t
o renounce their re-
."■•"■wi     the  encroachments
Nil I
""/I  abandon   Jhejr     at-
r:-tir; fhe~hwt  of tne o<-
thoir temporary
they     did,  they
"lies for
would be degraded to one level triasslwo
of   broken     wretches   past  salvation, ll'!**-"
^^^^^^       wretche
*      ^B      "
wny   In   their  every-day
capital,    they     would   certainly    dis
iriinlify themselves
of .-niy larger moVL^^^^
Marx also set forth the limitations
of the I nidi "    '   '   ''•'
true  course  It
"At     the   same     lime,   and unite
apart TrOIH llll) UU)lera
volved in tho wage system,
Ing class
conflict with
for tho initiating
^^^^   ie   Uinitat
mum and indicated   tho
liiiuld pursue, as fol-
enly distributed, destitution was unknown, all had at least plenty, and
this applies also to the United Stat"
at   the same period.     This much can
tin     .     .     -
social system perfection nnd the present time the iiest, ever experienced.
How different the case now can be
seen bv anyone reading the daily
press. ' Turning to older countries,
hear in England, Sir Henry Cam*-
llnnnerman declare from his
place In the House of Commons that,
twelve million of the inhabitants of
Ureal Britain nre always on the
verge of starvation and no one contradicts, This number is considerably over one-quarter of the popula-
Whnt   ure  we  to  think  of     a
who     will   tell   us    conditions
worse a century ago. llow
•ould  they  bo!
"pnl.V a few centuries ago half the
world lived in slavery, and human
life was counted so cheap that men
and women wero killed for sport."
Today the working class consists of
over 70 per cent, of the population
of the United States, and every mem
bar of it is in the homing-' of wage-
slavery, n slavery, that like chattel
siavery gives to the slave it subsistence* while working, but unlike chattel slavery does not guarantee work
to tho slave, nor make any provision for his sickness or old age. The
wage slave has greater liberty of per
son than the chattel slave, but on the
other hand his chance of death by
starvation is infinitely increased, Mr.
Stelzle refers to thc cheapness of human life in the past, when men and
women were killed for sport, but
conveniently ignores the cheapness of
human life today when railway com-
lianies, mine owners, etc., find human life cheaper than the cost of using Safety appliances. The number
of deaths caused by cheap methods
of railroading in the United States,
is n discrace to any nation, civilized or otherwise. The deaths caused
b.v preventable explosions in mines,
is another blot on so-called civilization. Where profit is concerned human life is as'ihenp today as it over
Several years ago a great outcry was
heard In Wsrmany because cheap
American meat was taking the place
of the home grown article. Those Germans whose interests were being thus
undermined demanded the exclusion
of American meat. The German Government compromised the matter by
demanding of the Americans a most
stringent inspection of all meats Intended for shipment to Germany. The
American Government embodied the
German demands in the "Animals industry Act." This act Is In force today, and ls one of the most, if not the
most, comprehensive laws ot Its kind
in tbe world.
It provides for the Inspection by a
competent veterinarian of every cattle
beast, sheep and hog intended for food
The Animal Is Being Killed,
and besides the flesh of every hog Is
examined under the microscope. Every
cattle beast suffering from tuberculosis
(consumption) actlmonycosls (lumpy
jaw) ls condemned and destroyed.
Every hog suffering from hog cholera,
trichina spiralis, etc., Is destroyed, in
fact the subject of any disease or diseased condition is destroyed under this
No sane person not Interested in profiting by selling diseased meat can or
will object to having such thorough
When our Dominion and Provincial
Contagious Diseases Acts were drawn
up and placed on the statute books apparently no thought was given to safeguarding the public health. Their object was plainly and solely to guard
against the destruction of property.
There is absolutely no provision made
for inspection at the slaughterhouses,
the only possible place where animals
intended for food can be thoroughly inspected, and even the carrying out of
the slim provisions of our present laws
by the Inspectors Is for the most part
a criminal farce. Two years ago hog
cholera broke out in a drove of hogs
belonging to one of the largest butcher Arms In this Province at one of their
slaughter houses. Eating raw offal,
wallowing in decayed offal and slaughter house filth, Impregnated with the
cholera contagion of former years, the
hogs died rapidly. Part of the drove
was isolated. Hogs that died during
the night and were too stiff to dress
were burned. A close watch was kept
during the day, and all hogs that died
were dressed before the animal heat
was out of them and taken to the shops
to be sold directly, or put into cold
storage until needed. Immediately
after all the hogs had died or were
killed the Dominion Inspector informed
one of the Arm that he would be at
their slaughter house on a certain day.
The slaughter house men were told to
prepare to receive the Inspector, who,
when he came, walked around, looked
w.se and drove away.
Last year hogs died ot the same dla-
east at the same place and were handled in the same way. The contagion
has been there for years, is there now,
and no adequate measures have been
taken anywhere in the Province to destroy the germs of this deadly disease.
The fixed policy of another of the
largest meat firms in this country is
to kill off and put into cold storage
their whole drove as soon as the hogs
begin to die.
As the cholera germs require from
three days to two weeks to incubate,
the danger of allowing any hogs of a
drove in which the infection exists to
be used for food is plain. Even from
a saving of property point of view it
would pay the butchers and raisers of
hogs to destroy all buildings, pens, etc.,
In order to get rid of the Infection, but
if there is' a single voluntary instance
where such action was taken I have
never heard of It. One of our butchers
told me that he lost $1,500 two years
ago from hog cholera, enough to have
constructed a much more elaborate
slaughter house and hog pens than the
old ones which he is still using.
No slaughter man or meat cutter has
any orders from his employers to destroy or does destroy any diseased car-
cass or any part of a diseased carcass.
Every diseased carcass of cattle,
sheep and swine .killed at the slaughter
1 sorvltttdo 1«- I   '?b
I ton
Socialist has nc personal tiiiar-
thuworkl nd with the Individual capitalist. Flo
houses in British Columbia Is sold for
Many diseased animals are killed on
ranches, their meat hauled under cover
to the butcher shops nnd there sold for
food because to drive such diseased
stock on the public roads might cause
unfavorable comment. Practically all
cattle and hogs used for food In this
Province are either Imported from the
Canadian Territories or raised in the
Province. For those Imported from the
Territories there Ih no Inspection whatever. Is there any sound reason why
animals imported from Alberta should
not pass as rigid an Inspection as
those brought In from the United
States? But then the Inspection of
animals on the    ranches in B. C. by
Government veterinarians is of such a
slipshod character the farce Is so patent that it has become a standing
joke among the producers and middles-
men of the meat and milk business.
There are plenty of milk cows and
other cattle on the ranches showing
every symptom of tuberculosis, but if
tuberculosis tests are made by the inspectors they are the exception and
not the rule.
Lumpy Jaw is a common disease ln
this country but I have yet to hear of
a single instance where a subpect of
this disease has been destroyed or even
Isolated notwithstanding the fact that
actlmonycosls has almost Invariably
proved fatal to any human being who
contracted lt. The rancher sees to it
that none of the milk or meat from such
diseased animals is used for himself or
his family but as a rule he sells for the
use of others that same milk and meat,
taking care not to publish the facts.
Theie are sections of this country where
Chinese stock handlers are employed
mainly because they do not tell talea
out of school about such evil practices;
they "no sabee." The rancher may
salve his conscience by denying the ex-
estence of these diseases among his
stock, calling lumpy jaw "bolls" and
consumption "a bad cold," but In no
case is the product of such animals
used by himself or family. The white
workers on the ranches and ln the
slaughter bouses and meat markets are
all familiar with the deadly conditions of the meat and milk supply,
but as their living and the living of
their families depends on their keeping
quiet about such things, they will say
very little except to one who, like themselves, is a worker and their unanimous verdict is that such inspection as
there is in British Columbia is a farce,
that there is no inspection at the
slaughter houses whatever, that most
of the slaughter houses and piggeries
are kept in a most vile condition, that
there ls a great deal of consumption,
lumpy jaw, hog cholera and other diseases and diseased conditions among
the stock of the province and in the
stock imported into the province and
that practically all such stock and their
produ -ts and by products asa»sold for
human food and that such diseased food
is consumed mostly by working people,
sailors, miners, the frequenters of cheap
restaurants and hotels, etc., because in
some cases lt is sold a trifle cheaper
than the healthy article.
People and especially children, do
contract disease from diseased milk and
meat and die from their effects and the
burden of suffering, expense and untenable grief falls most heavily on the
poor, who are least able to support it.
The desire for profit is the cause of
this wholesale breaking of the moral
law. The abolition of the profit system would remedy the matter, but it
won't do to wait until profits are a
thing of the past. We must have a
remedy now. It is intolerable to consider that innocent children and others
must suffer and die because of the devilish greed of the rancher and the butcher and milkman. Surely those consumers of meat and milk who have no
interest to serve in allowing this state
of things to continue are ln the great
majority in this province both in and
out of parliament. What this province
needs and needs badly and needs now is
a stringent inspection of every cattle
beast, sheep and hog killed for food
while the animal is being killed and of
every milk cow whose product is being
sold for food and every animal found
suffering from any disease or diseased
condition known to common sense and
science as being dangerous to human
health, condemned and destroyed by
competent men possessed of bowels and
a conscience as well as brains.
Provincial control of this matter ls
absolutely necessary. Ottawa is too
far away ln more respects than one and
there are many strong arguments
against municipal control. A provincial law covering the Inspection of all
animals intended for foot], the stables
where they are housed, the slaughterhouses where they are killed, all piggeries and all dressed and cured meat
Imported Into the province and severe
penalties emu-ted and executed for any
departure from the strict letter and
spirit of the law whether by Inspectors
or others,
Public abattoirs can even be run at
a profit by the province and a real inspection would soon enhance the value
of the stock of the province und relieve
the conscience of many a greedy wrongdoer.
Here is a matter of life and death
add becuuse It is such In seeking to provide remedial legislation no notice
should be taken of any interests which
might suffer by having a proper law
covering this matter strictly executed.
No patchwork, no compromise, but the
knife right to the root of the matter.
james McGregor,
Victoria, B.  C.
hood. With all the sophistry of
Stelzle. and his like, the fact remains
as Thorohl Rogers proves, in his
great, work "Six Centuries of Work
and Wages," thnt the 18 und 14th
centuries were the golden ngi'of the
skilled laborer. The laborer easily
produced siiilicient for himself and
family by eight, hours duily labor,
the numerous holidays gave him ample time for recreation and he knew
how to make use of them. To-day
our holidays are cut almost to tho
vanishing point and the intensity of
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ lubor has become so fierce that men
system^ which  crushes  o«it    wherevur.jjjecome—-ffre-y-—and  old - leiug   befme]
their  time,   und  nre forced  to     givo
More Rttltf of the same t.V|>o as that
already quoted emanates from the
pen of the hireling Stelzle, paid apologist    for    tho   infamous  capitalist
iibssihlc,   any  movement   on  the part
en in  	
•lass ought  not  to exaggerate to
knows that
given an etpilta le sys-  of tho workers to assert their man- place to younger men.     Today it Is
—u—i— ■■■ asaa a BBS
open to tpiestion if the lot of the
agricultural laborer is not worse
than that of the serf of feudal times.
Mr. Stelzle winds up in the usual
style of tho platitudinous pulpiteer
to the effect that without belief ia
Jesus nothing can lye done towards
improving what he admits to be fur
from ideal. This is what his kibd
have been telling us for 1900 years,
but we are further from the golden
uge than ever. The "golden ago,"
must bo brought in by the working
class without any extraneous aid and
thu sooner tjh^jvnxk!lng-i'lasa_.-t*.-
cotnea conscious of this, tho |«ettor
for us all.
- «.
: i
1 _
m wmthh PLA>ioy, vAaooirra, fe. <y.
SATURDAY,   Boptembei
r   23.
' '■ ■:
-   l^Sj;
V    «
Ilie Testera Clarion
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the Working Claaa alone
at the office of tha Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B. C.
Strictly in Advance.
Yearly subscription cards tn lots of
Ave or mora, 75 c«nta each.
Advertising  ratas on  application.
If jroa receive thia paper it ls paid
Address all communication* to
Box 836,
Vancouver, S. C.
Watch the label on your paper
If this number is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
SATURDAY,    September   23,    1905.
Vancouver    has     been    visited    by
spooks during tho week just passed.
They have been conjured forth by   a
very ordinary appearing young man
by the name of Bonn.    That    Bohn
is  an able conjurer .will  be   understood when it is explained that    he
bears credentials as a graduate     of
the famous   Socialist   Labor   Party
School    ot     the  United      States,  a
school that has turned out some   of
tne ablest conjurers   that   ever conjured.        Mr.  Bohn    exhibited    tho
spooks at the corner of  Cordova and
Carrall streets upon several evenings
during thu week,  but his  final     and
most successful exhibition was made
in the City Hall  on Sunday evening.
Sept.   17.     Upon   this  occasion   ancient sepulchres,  as far back as   the
14th century,  were made to     yawn,
and give forth their ghostly remains
for the admiration    as    well as  instruction    of     the festive Vancouver
wo iking men    who    had    foregathered
for  thc  occasion.     The  main   ghost
exhibited upon  this  latter and must
auspicious occasion .was thu -{host of
unU-uiism.      Drought    forth   by   this
able    iieroiiiaucer,    and clad in    new
and    progressive  verbal  habiliments,
this poor  old  ghost,   whose     mortal
remains had long since mudu loud for
thc worms of   tiuie,  was made lo appear  to  be a reality, ilothod     with
indisputable  substantiality.        There
were some doubting ones in thu audience, however,  who insisted that   in
spite  of   the  appurent   reality,    they
could    detect at  least a faint   odor
closely akin  to sepulchral musliness.
Ilohn,  eminent  conjurer  thul hc  is,
is also something of a  rambler.    Ilu
rambled    all over  the field of economics from tsaain the prophet 10 Shelley,  the poet,  without even touching
ibe  high     places.       ile  told  of     the
splendid    industrial     unionism     that
prevailed somewhere back in the 1-ith
and loth centuries in England,  but
lorgot to tell us that  the hign wages  that prevailed  at  that  time were
tho tesult of the very favorable conditions    of  the  labor market resulting from the removal of large   numbers    of  the  workers by  the     blacii
plague,  und also  that this wonderful
industrial   unionism   went  down    under  the  assault  of   the  machine with
its    consequent    factory production,
and ever-increasing army of poverty-
stricken    proletarians.       lie    might
have added that it went down never
to rise again,  only he evidently did
not know  it.
Bohn evidently discovered that
some sort of a struggle occurred
over thu qdestion of chattel slavery
in thu States betwecb 1820 and I860
which finally culminated in the Civil
War in spite of the numerous com-
piomise schemes that were put forth,
lie evidently could not see that thu
late of all the compromise lieu.surcs
being fostered by trade unions or industrial unions,—which by tho way
is a distinction without a difference
—were bound to prove equally futile,
and it ls only as a result of a successful political struggle that the
wage slave could-break his chains.
While attempting to moke light of
the political weapon, Bonn overlooked the very obvious fact that it
was by the use of that weapon
alone that the Southern States were
whipped into subjection ami their rebellion crushed. Also the edict that
wiped out chattel slave property was
written by President Lincoln without other warrant or authority than
that of tl-o power at his command
to enforce his decree. Strange as it
might appear to Bohn, chattel slavery went down under the onslaught
of the political power that had fallen
into the hands of triumphant capitalism at the polls. It was not a
hydra-legged concern, one leg economic and the other political, all same
S.L.P. and Industrial Unionism. In
answering    questions,    Bobn showed
no conception! of the position occupied
in human society by the modern
wage.slave. If he has any clear understanding of the fact that labor-
powot is n commodity and subject
to the laws of exchange the same as
all others, he took good pains to
disguise the fact. A lot of the old
sterotyped rot. about there being
strength in unity was indulged in for
the reason that one afflicted with the
dry rot that follows mental infiges-
tion can not help it. It is one of
the surest symptoms of the affliction.
To an ordinary person, however, one
empty stomach up against a hard
proposition would appear to havo
about the same measure of power, as
would a thousand empty ones up
against the same thing.
Bohn's contentions thut had all the
workers on the railroad at the time
of the recent Telegrapher's Strike
could have been won, is the veriest
moonshine. It was the condition of
tho labor-market that beat the strikers, and not thc action of Lhe engineers, firemen, switchmen, etc., who
did not quit. If a part of the men
remain at work they may be able to
give some slight assistance to those
that are out, thereby affording a
possibility of winning some concessions. If all are fool enough to
strike the whole bunch aro whipped
in short order. For some reason or
other, the person atllicted with the
'unionism and socialism" microbe,
always gets the "cart before the
The explanation made by, the speaker that the purpose of the "industrial Worlers of the World" was to
so organize the workers in the .shop
that if it became necessary they
would take possession and kick the
owner out, is altogether to childless
and silly to be ollerea by any reasoning individual. Even an idiot
ought to know that with the powers
of the state in the hands erf the factory owners (capitalists; the workers would in such a case find themselves clubbed, shot or chaingunged
into submission in short order. Bohn
lilac other semi-anarchists would lead
the unwary  to believe that the     so
tted States politicians are now en-
Kaired in talking about when the
Filipinos are to have self-government. Tho Filipinos themselves are
more interested tn knowing when the
United States will stop taking away
their  power  to  make  a  living-    The ^^ ^ ^ he ^ attemptpd  to
his  demands    for     what     he
It has long   been   the proud privilege of the laborer to refuse to labor
if the wnge and other conditions were
unsatisfactory.       In   fact   for     some
Filipinos in 1907 are to have
right to express their opinions in ou
assembly, those opinions to be accepted or rejected by the American
officials as those Americans may
choose; which is nice nnd generous
and- pretty, but not quite so important as the repeal of laws which
steal food from our poverty-stricken
victims to put it into the distended
bellies of domestic trusts. One liberty with which the Filipinos can dispense is liberty to starve.--Collier's
What a splendid long distance vision Colliers is possessed of. It can
see with the greatest of case that
the Filipino is plundered for the purpose of distending the "bellies of domestic trusts," but it doesn't appear
to notice that the American working
plug is artistically served with the
same medicine in doses that would
make • a Filipino throw a fit. Feo-
nomlc. independence is not only the
"basis of every kiind of liberty that
has worth," but it is liberty itself.
Economic dejiondence means slavery.
The American workmen are economical ly dependent upon capitalist pro-
l>erty. They are, therefore, tho
slaves of capital. If Collier's could
swap its telescopic vision for one ot
microscopic qualities, it might be
atole to discover that the conditions
of American slaves are fully as deplorable as those of the Filipinos.
When the American workingman has
developed sufficient backbone to
throw the American exploiter overboard, he will not only free himself
by so-doing, but also free the Filipino in so far as the Yankee labor
skinner is concerned. Probably Colliers will help, but we have our
enfoi    ^	
barms fair treatment by refusing to
work unless such demands were complied with. He has struck singly and
by thousands, and in ninny cases has
most stubbornly stuck to his ploint,
hut it is not recorded in the annals
of fact that all of his efforts along
this line have succeeded in advancing
the average wage ar doiog anything
more serious to capital than to temporarily disturb its smooth working.
Inasmuch as the average wage of
necessity must hover closely around*
the line of subsistence, while the labor market is fully or over-supplied
with labor, for the worker to refuse
to work is equivalent to refusing to
eat. Upon the average, the worker can not be long idle without feeling the pinch. Other workers cannot be depended upon to sustain him
because they have all they can do to
kioeip themselves.
Of all strikes, the so-called sympathetic one is perhaps thc mast
nonsensical. For one body of slaves
in their wisdom to refuse rations is,
in itself, ludicrous, but for another
body to follow suit out of sympathy
is enough to burst one's buttons.
Though misery may love company,
this would scarce justify sympathy
in furnishing it. We have heard of
one tooth aching in sympathy with
another, but just what sort of reasoning determined the matter has
Still remained a mystery to us. Probably thu same line of reasoning
would determine why one bunch of
slaves should decide to go hungry
just because another bunch decided
to do so.
Take it all around the strike is
about  the most  assininc measure ev
_    Every   Local   of  the  Socialist
Party of Canada should run a card
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Bominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, AH. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside lllock, 818 Cambie
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
S o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
II.   P. MILLS, Secretory.
Box HMO,  Vancouver  B.   C.
Union Directory
When They Meet; Where They Me?
hwry Labor Union in u,
3 place a card uiuU-,
month.    Secretaries please u'otV
vtttd to place a card"urnier' UiiTlSS^f? U *
Phoenix Trades and Labor ~cn„„ .
Meets every alternate &1
John   Riordan,  president-    vT*
Brown, vice-president • p if?!
casse sergcant-at-arms'- W '1 n J
bury, secretary-treasurer, P n j£f
108.   Phnnnr     U    f '     ■ "• Hi*
Phoenix     Miners'
C. H. J, B. Harper, secretary,
Rock Bay Hotel,  Victoria, B.  C.
Sclgfrled, secretary, P.O. box 208,
Revelstoke,  B.  C.
_____^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^__, a nation of paupers. One p.irsoa in
xialist fancies he is to accomplish I ten of the 33,000,000 inhabitants of
the revolution he has in mind  sim-   England  and Wales  is just hovering
Alarm is spreading throughout England at  the  growing seriousness  of
the problem of  finding work for Englishmen to do.    England, with nil its 1       "   " "   '      ,'   ,
wealth,  is  rapidly  degenerating  into  er adopted by the  slave to force eon-
- - - -*- (cessions   from     his master.    By   all
odds  it   is  the  most  useless.     Noth-
LOCAL NANAIMO, No. 8. Daniel
Livingstone, secretary, Box 453,
Nanaimo, B.  C.
Union, n0i
vv. r. m. ivieets every Satllr,
evening at 7-30 o'clock jn M;„
»FF"*cKr.c- j
LOCAL VANANDA, No 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Texatla
Island, B.  C.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Hathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. O. Dribble,
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
ply by voting for it. And yet every sane person knows full well that
the will of the proletariat can be
given expression only when backed
up by  force.
While we are not as a rtile inclined to bother to any great extent
with individuals, ,we make no hesitancy in saying that of all of us
freaks thut have blown into British
Columbia from across the line, this
Holm is the tamest and most ill-informed, Father Hagerty not except,
We are uwure that we are infringing upon the sacred nights of the Socialist Labor Party using the term
freak, as that is a term belonging
to it by virtue of discovory and long
use. We make bold to use the term
however, upon_the grounds that it is
not difficult to show that this industrial idiosyncracy is the most freuk-
isli mishap, or mislit that ever found
lodgment in the heads of supposedly
sane men. It lodged in the heads of
this S.L.P. bunch in 18'J5. The harder they have hammered at it the
wtiakor they have become, but in
apite of this, they nave refused to
learn tho lesson that there is a root
antagonism between a movement to
patch up the present system and
make it more tolerable, and a movement for its overthrow, und that
because of this fundamental antagonism the two can no more mix than
oil and water.
in the school of experience alone
s it passible for the great majority
to learn. Some people require oceans of experience to learn even a little. Ten years of blunder and mishap has evidently taught these ignoramuses nothing. They have now
pooled their assetls, which consists
of nothing, with similur assetts of a
few other morifund aggregations and
arc staking them all on the forlorn
hope of converting the ghost of a
dead cause, into a living_actuality.
It will require something more than
bold assertions and childish reasoning to effect the resurrection and
make it permanent.
It is pleasing to note that but one
paper that .reaches us Is actually
"boosting" this scheme of resurrection. That is the New York "People." , "Boosting" is the proper
term as it is a proposition that cannot stand upon its merits. A cause
that must bc boasted, is a lost
We patiently await thc coming of
thc next conjurer to entertain us, by
calling forth  "spooks."
above tho  starvation line,  aad  there
ing worth having has  over been gain-
led by resorting to it.     The solution
are   850,000   paupers in receipt     of ,
public relief.     Englishmen are called  of the   -A""'' problem     depends upon
upon to pay the  annual bill of ».H1,- ,thc exercise of other  means
Ijtr.^'oln said of slavery that a
black woman might, not in some
ways bo his cuual but that In the
right to eat the food her own hands
hnd earned she was the eiq.ual of himself, Judge Douglas, or any man.
Economic intle|>endeacc is the basis
of every kind of liberty that has
worth, it was over an unjust tax
that the colonies went to  war._   Un-
000,000 to surrport their pau*Mr fellow citizens and this amount is increasing at the rate of a u.iiiion a
year.—Cleveland Press.
It is about time that something besides alarm was spreading, not only
throughout England, but throughout
the world. The conditions prevailing
in England are those that must inevitably prevail sooner or later in
every country on earth, for the same
causes are at work in each of them.
A highly developed capitalism must
of necessity bring such conditions in
its wake. When the workers of the
world, the wealth producers, are robbed of the wealth they create, and
this is turned into additional capital, i.e., means of robbery, it stands
to reason that it is only a matter
of timo when the limit of robbery is
reached and it is a mathematical
impossibility for the plundering system to continue. Additional capital
means additional slaves to be exploited, and when these can no longer be
found, or rather a market for the
additional plunder is no longer available, the condition complained of in
England will be in evidence and become more emphasized each day.
The main thing that capitalism has
done is to concentrate into gigantic
aggregations the world's machinery
of wealth production. This it has
done in conformity with the ever-increasing social character taken on
by production os the implements
with which it is carried on become
more highly developed and powerful,
and more completely submerge the
individual wealth prqducer in the
great  sea  of  collective production.
't'he thinking man realizes that unless thc means of wealth production
bu put to their proper use, i.e., converted into thc means of satisfying
the material needs of those who operate them, the workers, the conditions complained of will increase in
intensity and whole nations eventually sink into pauperism and perish.
That England is nearlng upon the
mast critical and trying period in heiv
history is plain to be seen. Whether
her working people will rise to the
occasion, and break the chains of capitalist rule by setting free to all
Englishmen access to the means of
living remains to l-e seen.
They ennnot rise to their mission
too speedily, for signs arc plentiful
that national decay has not only set
it, but has reached an advanced
At one time, England was the
home of the workman of "haughty
air and independent, mien." She will
never again be that until the workers have thrown their present capitalist rdlers, and their ridiculous
Royal buffoonery overboard for -rood
and all. Whatever capitalism may
have done, this is a job that the
workers  must  themselves attend  to.
Tlie Oldest Labor Paper In Canada
Always a fearlesss exponent In the
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper w\\\ u
sent to any address for one year,
Workldgnien of all countries villi
soon recognize the f,a-t thai foe.
must support and read their lata
Issued every Friday.
The Voice Publishing Co., Limited
J. KiiWARn limn. A  i-. But la,
IlKO.   K.  DkClii.-MN.
BIRD, 8RYD0N-JAGK & Mc! mm
R-illwiiy BliH-k.    Tel. «-.".i.   I'd. |toj
324 Hastings Street      •     Vancouver. 6.
progress demands a transformation
in the system of property to conform to the collective or social character of modern production, so thut
they who do the work may enjoy iho
The exhibition of working class ignorance known as strikes should be
discouraged, os no good can come
iroin them. They ate fruitful of bitter animosities and natred only. The
time is ripe, for the class struggle;
the struggle to the death between the
capitalist class and the working class
for the control of the means ot
wealth production, tho former to
maintain its control, the latter to
break it. This is a struggle that
will require the energy of men rather than the onstinancy of balky
In an article in unother column
entitled "These Wage Slavery days"
Comrade 10. V. Debs uses the following words: "Samson lost his
strength only when his locks were
shorn. The workingman shorn of his
tools, implements of existence, is
without his strength. He is as
Sampson  when his locks were cut."
The simile is a good one. With
no co maud over his means of subsistence, the workman is indeed without strength economically speaking.
In other words he is without economic [lower. That is why he cannot
wage Warfare in the economic field
aguinst the capitalist with any prospect of victory. For that reasan it is
positively criminal to tleludiu him into the belief that he can win in such
a one-sided battle.
Shorn of economic power because
shorn of his means of subsistence-
resources of the earth and tools of
production—it logically follows that
to regain his strength he must flrsj,
become master of tho means of subsistence. His first move, therefore,
of necessity, becomes a political one,
as the title of ownership in determined by the political power of tho
state. This he must seize and wield
in his own behalf if ho is ever to
again become possessed of his onetime strength.
The political warfare against the
capitalist class, for tho purpose of
ousting that cluss from its control
of the machinery of the state, and
its consequent control of tho means
of subsistence, demands tho undivid-
-.•d energy of every member of the
wago-slnvc class, Nothing can justify the utilization of of thVir energies for any other purpose. Energy
expended for patchwork and reform
purposes is that much energy wasted,
and Freedom's cause has been robbed of legitimate support to that extent. B.v that much has the day of
Labor's   deliverance   been   postponed.
Miners' Mag 2 :ii(
Published  Weekly by th»
Western Federation 01 MLcrs
A  Vigorous Advocate of Labor's |
CIcnr-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.       Six Months,
Denver. Colorado.
Practical Raot I
aud 3hr,: IK iter!
II.1111I M.i.l.  Hi-..Is mui Rim * ti. < uk
nil style*.   Bepaliina promptly-!    1
ly .lone,     Ktock  ..I   Btnpli   rrai   1;
Shots always 011 hauil
2456 Westminster Ave       Meant : iu at |
With profit as the motive of industry
there is no limit to the depths of depravity to which men will sink In order to obtain it. While people live under a system of property that compels
them to sell things to each other in
order to live, lt may be readily under-
sood that the way is open to all the despicable trickery and deceit that the
fertile brain of man Is capable of Inventing. It ls a matter of common
knowledge that all sorts of adulterants
are used ln food stuffs, in some cases
of the most poisonous character. It
may be said with more than a grain
of truth that In purchasing his food a
person in these glorious capitalistic
days takes his life In his hands. ' To
what length people will go In the selling of things entirely unfit fur use is
shown in an article on the first page
of this issue, by James McGregor, of
Victoria. We are Inclined to believe
that the practice of selling diseased
meat in this Province ls carried on to
a much greater extent than Indicated
by Mr. McGregor's article. We have
in this otlice a detailed account of the
slaughtering of a large number of hogs
afflicted with hog cholera, and the selling of the meat over the block. Many
of these hogs were, at the time of
slaughtering, In such an advanced
stage of the disease that It became
necessary to skin the carcasses in order to escape detection at the hands
of the consumers. The Bkln of hogs
affected with the cholera becomes covered with red blotches.
While lt is no doubt Impossible lo remove the evils arising from the present skin-game civilization, still every
effort should be made to safeguard the
public health against the unscrupulous
assaults o* the profit-hungry seller of
food stuffs.
It ls time the Provincial authorities
took some steps towards providing for
a proper inspection of animals to be
slaughtered and meats to be sold. If
the next session of the House will de-
vole Its entire time to this matter it
will be time far better spent than In
juggling with the Inconsequential mailers that usually occupies Its attention.
Not only should there be thorough
meat inspection, but the surest way to
obtain it Is by the erection of abattoirs by the Province and the election
of officials necessary to provide for the
inspection and slaughter of all animals
the meats from which are Intended for
If one-half of that hinted at by Mr.
McGregor be true, prompt and drastic
action ls imperatively demanded.
The next session of   tho Provincial 1 ,55  Q   d       S|ree,
House should take this matter up and1; ^   ^   )t   roj|.vw.,„l   irlth f
institute a most searching Inquiry Into ~' "
the practices prevailing among slaughter-house men and meut dealers. The
Western Clarion will be pleased to offer some valuable evidence to aid ln
such an inquiry.
Kurtz's Own
Kurtz's Pioneers
Spanish Blossoms
Single copies 5 cents. 6copi«
25 r>:nts. 15 copies, soreiits. 4"'
copies Ji.oo. loo copies and over (
2 cents per copy.
These rates include postage W ,
nnvpartof Canada or the Unitw
 Printed in the Office of—
The Western Clarion
165 Rftstingi Street
l.ox 836
11. C ,
Per year, $1 00. Ji
cent*.   Strictly i" ■•
lluti'llt-s of i.-i or in
ix mouth'.5°
,,,. 1 cetitp«
The Western  Clarion la «»"£.
compromising   advocate   °'      ,
revolutionary  aspim '""Y ,  „
working Class    in   ll«  ;'l,°"1"'" '
of capitalist property und iWC0BI
plement, tin: wage s\ '	
Old Hats Cleaned, P""^!-
Made aa Oood as Ke* «*«"■
workmen and at moderate cos -
Elijah Leard.    m
THE   MODEKN   HAT   HhSW»   |
.L   I ...
United Hatters of North America
  1             .   ..in   iiar ti-8   to I*   ,,.
When you are buying a FUIl HA 1  •«       ^M
ths (lenulne Union Label 1" »*»d In 'l t0 |i
I "l,"rs       loc*
him-        „,.,
Tim l"fl
haa looae labels In Ida possession urn
one in a hat for you. do not patronii
label* In retail atorea ara countarfsll- (|v
Union Label la perforated on four stil!*. -ot
earn* aa a postage atamp.    Counterfeit*     tJr|lf, ji
times perforated on tares edpel. ami «"'"   , |llB 11
on two.    John B.  StetBon Co, of 1 i""1
non-union concern. .
JOHN A.  MOKF1TT,  President. Onuig«. -
11   \v averly   '^'
MAIITIN    I.AWLOK,    HecreUry,    !■
New York. Dtembcr   *Z8,   1905.
A Chapter From Marx
l! ,.„,, THE END OF THE    15TH     CENTURY.        FORCING
nl- lariat i
of 11"'
■ tented by the break-
dsi of feudal retainers
ft ul' "1 forcible expropriation of the
s»l!ll> ,, the SOU. this "free" prole-
Soplefll>" n0t possibly be absorbed
fc*' '"   ..,.,„ manufacturers as fast
pilllSI ' "I
upon the world.    On
ae men,  suddenly
their  modest  mode    of
iD        ■ il.ni-.Vll   -.-^^^^^^^^_^^^_
"»"     ,   hand,   these  men,   suddenly
H'l* _  lint        nuiilA /•.*'
She '■«'"  f ^^^^^^^^
Kid 'not as suddenly adapt them"
llft '""' „„. discipline of their new
|flve.9i s They were turned en
rf-into beggars, robbera, vagabonds,
rZ from Inclination, i" most eases
r Ireus of circumstances. Hence,
WLendof the 15th and during the
bi. i- in' the I'itli century, throughout
!!,',,„ Europe, a bloody legislation
*" vagftbondage. The fathers of
«£ present working-class were chastls-
Vfm Un-ii enforced transformation info rtgab Is and  paupers.     Legisla-
' treated them as voluntary erlml-
",, and assumed that it depended up-
Ln their own goodwill to go on work-
, NI],i,.r the old conditions that   no
lWo,.r existed.
I," England this legislation begun unto Henry VII.
H-nry VIII.. 16S0:     Beggars old and
muMe to work  elve a beggar's 11-
,,,,'„,., im the other hand, whipping
■ml imprisonment fur sturdy vagub-
(iii,l*. They are to be tied to the cart-
tail and whipped until the blood
,,,.,,,11,1 from their bodies, then to
•ii-rat-:ui ";iili i" go back to their birth-
pjact ur to where they have lived the
,„, three years and to "put themselves
;,, labor." What grim Irony! In 27,
jenry. VIII., the former statute Is re-
p-ated, but strengthened with new
clauses. For the second arrest for vag-
sbondage the whipping Is tn be repeat-
f,I an-1 half the .-ar sliced off; but for
jhe third relapse the offender Is to be
ixi.uli-.l as ;i hardened criminal and
enemy of the common wenl.
Edward VI;     A statute ot the first
mar of his reign, ir.17, ordains that If
one refuses to work, he shall   be
condemned as a slave to the person who
his denounced him as nn Idler.     The
master shall feed  his slave on bread
and water, weak broth und sut.-h refuse
m i as he  iliinks  fit.     He  has    the1
light in force him to do any work, noj
natiei how disgusting, with whip and
Chains.    If the slave Is absent a fort-
niyiii. in is condemned to slavery for
ii(- and   - lo be branded on the fore-
bud hi back  with the letter 8;  if he
runt away thrice, he is to be executed
i   i felon.    The master can sell him.
bequeath him, let him out on hire us a
Have, Just as any other personal chat-,
li it oi    nl'    If the slaves attempt any-j
thinj against  the masters, they are til-!
to to li.   • \.. uted.     Justices    of    the
peace, on Information, nre to hunt the;
lavals down    If it happens that a vag-
staod has been idling about for   three
. he in in lie taken to his birthplace,
biandcd with a  red-hot Iron with the.
letti-i v mi the breast and be set   to
K"ik. iii . bains,  in  the streets ur    at
wir.i  other  labor     If  the    vagabond
Jives i false birthplace, he is then    to
become the alnve for life of this place,
'■■• Ita Inhabitants, or  Its corporation,
at    to be   branded   with  an   S     All
persons have the right  to take away
'he children of the vagabonds and    to
keep them .is apprentices, the young
"•■" Until the Mh year, the girls until
the 20th year,   If they run away, they
ue in become up to this age the slaves
ot thflr masters, who can put them In
lions, whip them, etc., if they like. Every master may put un Iron ring round
the neck, anus or legs of his slave, by
*Wch ii. know him more easily and to
be more certain of him    The last part
Ol this statute provides    that    certain
poor people may be employed by a place
'f by persons, who are willing to give
*'"> ' I and drink and to find them
■Wk 'I'hii kind of parish-slaves was
'epl up in England until fur into the
i«h H-niury under the name of ''roundsmen"
Elisabeth. 1878; Unlicensed beggars
shove 11 years of age are to be severely
"egged and branded on the left ear un-,
'ess some one will take them into ser-
-i" for two years. In case of a repetl-
""" of II ffeiu-e, if they are over 18,
"">' nre to be executed, unless some
""" Will take them Into service for two
'Mrs;  Inn   f,„. ,*,,. third offence  they
f"'' '" 1 xecuted   without  mercy   as
Wins. Blmllar statutes: 18 Elizabeth.
c H. mil another of 1597
James I      Anyone wandering about
'"'i begging is declared a rogue and a
'ignbtmrl Justices of the peace In petty seaslona are authorised to have them
Wbllcly whipped and for the first nf-
'""'" to Imprison them  for fi months.
society, while al the other are grouped
masses of men. who have nothing to
sell hut their labor power. Neither is
it enough thnt they are compelled to
sell It voluntarily. The advance of
capitalist production develops a working-class, which by education, tradition,
habit, looks upon the conditions of that
mode of production as self-evident laws
nf nature. The organization of the
capitalist process of production', once
fully developed, breaks down all resistance. The constant generation ot a
nlative surplus-population keeps the
law of yupply and demand of labor, and
therefore keeps wages in a rut that corresponds with the work of capital. The
dull compulsion of economic relations
completes the subjection of the laborer
to the capitalist     Direct force, outside
economic conditions, is of course stil
used, hut only exceptionally. In the
ordinary run of things, the laborer can
be left to the "natural laws <>f production," i. I-.. to his dependence on capital, a dependence springing from and
guaranteed In perpetuity by the conditions of production themselves. It ls
otherwise .liniiiK the historic genesis of
capitalist production. The bourgeoisie,
at Its rise, wauls and uses the power of
the state to "regulate" wages, 1. e., to
force them within the limits suitable for
surplus-value making, to lengthen the
Working-day and lo keep the laborer
himself in a normal degree of dependence. This is an essential element of
the so-calleit primitive accumulation.
The class of wage-laborers, which
niose in Ihe latter half of the 14th century, formed then and In the fo
■"' the sunnil for 2 years. Whilst In
prison they are to be whipped as the
Justices of the peace think fit. Incorrigible ami dangerous rogues are to be
branded with an H on the left shoulder
r'»'l sol to hard labor, and If they are
«uight begging again, to be executed
*llhout mercy. These statutes, legal"
'•' binding until the beginning of the
Uth century, mere only repealed by 12
A,|n, C, 23.
Simitar laws in France, where by the
"'I'l'ile of the 17th century a kingdom
'" vagabonds (truands) was establish-
"'' in Parts,    Even at the beginning of
,'"lll>' XVI.'s reign (ordinance of July
J«h. 1777) every man In good health
f""« IB to 60 years of age, If without
"leans of subsistence and not practising
"•trade, is to he sent to the galleys. Of
'"f same nature are the statutes of
j*arlea' V. for the Neltherlands (Octo-
™r' 1637), the first edict of the states
m towns 0f Holland (March 10,  1614),
1,0 "fliik mt" of the United Provinces
'Ji.lie '>f.   i«-n\    „._
mrnmw^^^^^^^^^       \\\\\\n
century only a very small part of the
population, well protected In Its position by the Independent peasant proprietory, In the country and the guild-
organization in tht> town. In country
and town master ami workman Stood
close together socially. The subordination of labor to capital was only formal,
i. ft., the mode of production had as yet
no specific capitalistic character. Variable capital preponderated greatly over
constant. The demand for wage-labor
grew, therefore, rapidly with every accumulation of capital, whilst the supply of wage-labor followed but slowly.
A large part of the national product.
changed later Into a fund of capitalist
accumulation, then still entered Into
Ihe consumption fund of the laborer.
Legislation on wane-labor (from thc
first, aimed at the exploitation of the
laborer, and, as    it advanced, always
equally hostile to him), is started in
England by the Statute of Laborers, of
Edward III.. 1849. The ordinance of
1360 in Prance, issued In the mime of
King John, corresponds with It. English
and French legislation run parallel and
an- identical In purport   Bo far as the
label Statutes aim at Compulsory extension of the working-day, I do not return in them, as this point was treated
earlier 0 hapter X.. section ".).
The  Statute  of   Laborers  wns  passed
at the urgent instance of the House of
Commons. A Tory says naively: "Formerly the poor demanded Bcuh high
wages as to threaten industry and
wealth. Next, their wages are so low
aa to threaten Industry und wealth
equally and perhaps more, but in another way. A tariff of wages was fixeil
by law Lu town and country, for piecework and day-work. The agricultural
laborers wen- to hire themselves out by
the year, the town ones "in open market." It was forbidden under pain of
Imprisonment, to pay higher wages
than those fixed by the statute, but tbe
taking "f higher wages was more severely   punished   than   the   giving    of
So .ilsn in section IS and 111 of the
Statute of Apprentices of Elizabeth, ten
days Imprisonment is decreed for him
that pays the higher wage but twenty-
one days for him that receives them.
A BtatUte of UMI increased the penalties and authorised the masters to extort labor at the legal rule of wages by
corporal punishment All combinations,
contracts, oaths, etc.. by which masons
and carpenteri reciprocally hound
themselves, w.-ie declared null and void.
Coalition of the laborers is treated as a
heinous crime from the 14th century to
IS-.'.',, the year Of the repeal of the laws
against trades unions. The spirit of
the statute oi Laborers of 1349 and of
Its offshoots, conies out clearly in the
fact that Indeed a maximum Of wages
la dictated by the state, but on no account a minimum.
In the 16th century, the condition of
the laborers had, as we know, become
much   Worse.       The   money   wnge   ruse.
but nut in proportion t<> the depreciation .if money and the corresponding
rlae |n the prices of commodities.
Wages, therefore, In reality tell. Nevertheless, the laws for keeping them down
remained In force, together with the
ear-clipping and branding of those
"Whom nn one was willing to take Into
service. By the Statutes of Apprentices r, Elisabeth, C. X the justices of
the peace  were empowered t<
liami-nt ordered that the wages of the1
•Scotch miners should continue to be re-'
gulated by a statute of Kiij-ubeth and
two Scotch ucts of 16til and 1071. How
completely ui the meantime circumstances had changed, is proved by an occurrence unheard of before in the English Lower house.    In that place, wheie
for more than WO years laws had been!
made for the maximum, beyond which'
wages absolutely must not rise, Whit-'
hi cad in 1798 proposed a legal minimum I
wag,- for agricultural   laborers.    Pitt'
opposed  this,   but  confessed   that    the1
condition of the poor was cruel."    Ki-j
nally, in 1813, the laws for the regula-l
lion were repealed.    They were an absurd anomaly, since the   capitalist regulated his factory by his privale legislation,   and   could   by    the    poor-rates
make up the wage of the agricultural
laborer tn the indispensable minimum.
The provision of the labor statutes as
to contracts between master and workman, as to giving notice and the like,
which only allow     of a civil     action
agains the    contract-breaking   master/
but nu the contrary permit a criminal'
action against    the    contract-breaking
workman, are to this hour (1873) in full
force.     The   barbarous   laws      against
Trades  Unions  fell  in 1825 before    the
threatening bearing of the proletariat.
Despite   thi-*,   they   fell  only    in   part.
Certain beautiful fragments of the old
statute vanished  only in  I8f,9.     Finally,  the act of parliament of June 29,
1871, made a pretence of removing the
last  traces of this class of legislation
by  legul  recognition  of Trade  Unions.
But an act of parliament of the same
date (an act to amend the criminal law I
relating to violence,  threats, and molestation), re-established,    in    point    of
fact,  the former state of things in    a '
new shape.    Uy this Parliamentary es-j
camotsge the means which the laborers;
could use In a strike or lock-out were
withdrawn  from  the  laws common  to
all citizens, and placed under exceptional  penal  legislation,  the Interpretation
"f which fell to the masters themselves
in   their  capacity   as  justices   of    the
peace.     Two   years   earlier,   the  same
House of Commons and the same Mr.
Gladstone In the well known straightforward  fashion,  brought in a bill for
the abolition of all exceptional     penal
legislation  against  the    working-class.
Hut this was never allowed to go beyond the second reading, and the matter was thus protracted until at last the
"great  Liberal   party,"   by  an  alliance
with the Tories, found courage to turn
against the very proletariat    that had
carried  it   into  power. Not content
with this treachery the "great Liberal
party" allowed the English judges, ever
complaisant In the service of the ruling classes, to dig up again the earlier
laws against "conspiracy" and to apply
Ihem to coalitions Of laborers. We see
that only against its will and under the
pressure of the masses did the English
Parliament give up the laws against
ft i ikes and Trades' Unions, after It
had Itself, fur 500 years, held, with
shameless egotism, the position of a
permanent Trades' Union of the capitalists against the laborers.
Inning  the  very  first storms of  the
revolution, the French bourgeoisie dared ti. take .'way from the winkers    the
right <>f association but just i aiuired.
By decree .'f June 14, 1791. they declared
all coalition of the workers as "an attempt against  liberty and the declare-
linn of the lights of man," punishable
by  a  fine  of  5U0 llvres,  together  with
di privation  of  the rights of an active
citizen for one year.     This law  which,
by means .if state compulsion, confined
the struggle between capital and labor
within   limits   comfortable  for  capital,
has outlived revolution and changes of]
dynasties.     Even  the  Reign of Terror j
left   it   untouched.      It   was  but   quite
recently struck out of the Penal Code. ]
Nothing is more characteristic than the
pretext for th.s bourgeois coup d'etat, j
"Granting.'' says Chupeller, the reporter of the Select Committee on this law, j
"that wages ought to be a little higher |
than they are * * * ♦ that they ought to
be high enough for him that receives
ihem, to be free from that state of absolute dependence due to the want of
the necessaries of life, and which is almost that of slavery," yet the workers
must not be allowed to come to any
understanding about their own interests, nor act in common and thereby
lessen their "absolute dependence,
which is almost that of slavery"; because, forsooth, in doing this they injure "the freedom of their ci-devant
masters, the present entrepreneurs,"
and because a coalition against the despotism of the quondam masters of the
corporations is—guess what!—is a restoration of the corporations abolished
by the French constitution.
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference booh
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.
1   One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the information sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogioally arranged.
I Tbe St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pupil, the student and the litterateur, there
is nothing better; it covers everything.
The New and Enlarged Edition recently to-
sued has 25,000 new words and phrases, a ecu
pletely revised Biographical Dictionary and
Gazetteer of tbe World, 2390 pages and 6000
Our name is on tbe title-pages of all the
authentic dictionaries of the Webster series
"A Teit in Pronunciation" which affords s
pleasant and instructive evening's entertain
ment.   Illustrated pamphlet also free.    -~
C. & C. MEKttI AM CO., Put*., Springfield,
-   Out   {Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
j. S and 7 3T0RB STREET
 1191 VICTORIA, B. C.
and Poultry Food to obtain
best results.
Agents (or SUTTON'S SEEDS.
COMRADES- strike  at  tha  ballot
box  on   Klectlcn  day,  and be sure
to strike tha
Rock  Bay Hotel
Whan  ia  Victoria.
NIELS HANSON., Proprietor
Victoria General Agent for The
P.O. Box 444 VICTORIA, I. C.
Colonial Bakery
20 Johnson  St.,  Victoria,  B.C.
Delivered  to any  part ol the city.    Am
Driver   to   call.     Tbone  819.
     TELEPHONE B77S      _^^
MuslKlsrcr if
? No S Ctitre tt.
tmmm Clarion Mata.|*T HASHES' FAIR £
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75 ■ ""■
Bundlos of 25  or more copies   to
one address at the rate of one cent
___   Cfcaige
71 Ceveramit Strut, Victoria, I. C.
IHHIHIHIHHHtlHHH« »«»«•—»»««»«■■ — «
by buying this
reliable, honest*
high grade searing machine
National Sewing Machine Co.,
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents
fix eer-
Printing That Is RIGHT
ment has been recently added
to hy tha purchase of a new
Job Proas and other material. Our
Job Department ls sow turning out
the best Job, commercial and other
classes ot printing. If you have anything In the way of Billheads, Letterheads,    Envelo[>es,    Cards,    Tickets,
The Western Clarion
til HI
;"" 2fi, ifi4ii), eto.,^^^^^_
'■»'B wore the   ngrlculaural    people
forcibly expropriated from the
™}li 'lrlvon from their homes, turned
",n vagabonds, and then whipped.
"•"Ifled, tortuied by laws grotesquely
fo'kle, into the discipline necessary
r tne ivage system,
l, '■ "ot enough that the conditions of
' ""• nre concentrated In a muss, in
L' •nape of capital, ut the one pole of
the  peace   were  r..,,..
tain wnires and to modify them according to the time of yeur und. the price of
commodities, James I. extended these
regulations of lubor also to weavers,
spinners, and nil possible categories of
the workers,    George II, extended ihe
luw.s   uiritln.-U   coalition  Of  Inborers     to
manufacturers,    in the manufacturing
period pur excellence, the    capitalist
mode of production hmi become sufficiently strong to render legal regulation   of   wages ns   Impracticable as It
I wum unnecessary; but the ruling classes
were unwilling In euse of necessity to
he without the weapons of the old nr-
senal,    sun  8  George  ll.  forbade a
higher day's wage than 2s. 7 1-Bd, for
and around Lon«
nf general mourn
P 0. BOX 836
n,«her aaI*taVan in" andI around Lon-
journeymen tailors in
don, except In cases o. c
Ingj still Oeorge in. c. s». bi
BUintlon of the was
,e's of silk-weavers to
i- Hie neiii-e; still in l7ft,;-
!!/;:; ;r,:"^:;^Whe,her the mar,
wl'lVhoi. wid also for non-agrlcultu
Programs, Dodgers, Pamphlets or
Books, or any kind of Printing which
you want executed promptly and
correctly,  send lt here.
Mall orders for Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed to the letter and sent return
mall. Prices the same as for work
done in this ctty. Try us with an
The only Labor Paper in Canada that advocates the abolition of the wage system and the
ending of Labor's exploitation. It is open
and fearless in its advocacy of Labor's cause.
One Year
Six Months
-   $1.00
-   50c
Yearly Subrcriptions in lots of five or more at the rate
of 75 cents each.
Bundles of 25 Copies and over, ic per copy.
Send in your order.     Get your neighbor to subscribe.   |
Box 836
Vancouver, B. C.
•m nm |aj|||||||||||||||ma
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
iu conventi n a i cmbled, affirm ou *
allegiance to and rapport of the principles and prog.em of the international revolutionary working claaa.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should «u«tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecbiirmie system ia based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist ia
master; the worker ia slave.
So long ae the capitalist* remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in die mesne of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
Tbe interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in 1
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalisr to hold;
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This ia the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers-
to organise under the banner of the
Socialiat Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, <t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective proper-
ty of the working class,
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers,
3. The establishment, as speedily
ai possible, of production for ns* instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until th*
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of th* working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle tha
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tie public affairs placed 1st
its hsnds \n such a manner as to pro-
I mot* th*. interests of the working claaa
I alone.
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
Local Socialist Party of Canada.
1 recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spretnacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, aud which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter Into no
relations with any other political rarty, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and nil other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialiat
Pnrty of Canada only.
Address ,.
Admitted to Local.
I   :     I
>  1
... 1
\ p.s?.'»
■'J ■ $ «: e>
.,   -flSMb-;
if A
ii in i
-TOT 1HB*¥BBW OHEKM, ^AMCX)!mgt. ii. o.
Socialist Party of Canada
j. o.
MORGAN. Secretary- .Vancouver, B.
\aucouver,  li.C,   Sop.   19.—Uiooiu
JO,  Masonic    Block)—Present,   Comrades Peters,  (chairman), Stebbings,
ilmi.-.u,  Organiser Kiugsle.-,,  and the
secretary <
The minutes uf tlie previous meeting wore read and adopted.
l-'ruiu Fredericton, -N.il., Local unclosing $2.80 for stamps and monthly report..    Received and filed.
From Winnipeg Local, unclosing $1
lor stamps.'   Received anil filed.
From Toronto Local  ordering supplies.    Received and tiled.
Fredericton, N.B., stamps  $2 8u
Winnipeg, Man., stamps      1 OU
Westminster From E. Prather, Penticton, enclosing 50c for dues.. Re-
ceived and filed.
From the  Western  Clarion,  enclosing bill  for $11 for advertising.
lt was agreed that the advertisements of the various locals in the
"Clarion, be dropped, and tlie secretary instructed to notify the locals
that they pay for their ads. themselves if  they  want  tin-in.
A warrant was ordered drawn for
$11.00 to the "Western Clarion" for
Total   $U
Vancouver, li.C, Sep. lW.—(Raom
10, Masonic lllock)— l'resent, Comrades Peters, (chairman ); lliutsa,
Stebbings, Organizer Kingsley and
tlie secretary.
Tbe minutes of the previous meetings were read and adopted.
The following corresjiondeuce was
dealt with.
From Fernie, B.C. reporting progress in formation of local. Received and filed.
From Revelstoke Local, enclosing
monthly report and $3.00 for stampa
Received and complied with.
From Vancouver Local, suggesting
an "ffor,. io organize a local in New.
The following is an address delivered before a Labor Day mass meeting called by the Yellowstone County, (Montana) Trades ami Labor
Council, Friday, Sept. 1, by the delegate of Uie Typographical Union,
C. T. Trott. Kevised and edited by
the speaker.
Mr. Chairman, Brother Uuwn men
and fellow delegates to the Trades
and  labor  Council:
It is not tweause 1 oppose a Labor
Day celebratiou  that 1 appear     before you  this evening but because   I
do  believe in a Labor Day  Celebrate*   unhampered by. any obligation |ness
to the employing or capitalist class. |ftre
Labor Day is recognized today as a '
legal  holiday   because  of  the efforts
of organized labor  to make it such
tbe   methods
(questionable   though
'employed might have been)  and not
i ™ni ij.„,..ioi   b       *  „ .o *~ 'lUecause of the capitalist class. There-
Local Revelstoke. stamps   $3 00  forc>   ,   8ay>  it ^ ^ heighth     0,
 o  i folly,  that it was positively   absurd
for this organization to sanction the
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ J begging,  by a committee, of the bu-
The regular business meeting    war 'siness men of this town for funds in
held ut thc headquarters on Monday  order that we might enjoy ourselves
evening,   Sep.   IStllj	
lish in fhe chair,
After authorizing the payment of
ij.", lor due stamps and $12.50 for
Western Clarion account, the meeting proceeded lo elect a new programme ciiiiiiuitt.ee which resulted in
lhe election of Comrades Stebbings
und Mi-Lucliluu and the re-election of
Comrade Johnson,
The secretary announced that he
hnd secured  the services of
Comrade Eug- ur that a few labor faking politicians might be advertised. 1 refuse
to be either a beggar or a blackmailer.
Another thing, thev arrangement
committee informs us they have engaged the Billings band. Now, 1
should like to know if, in engaging
this band we are patronizing organized labor or if our patronage lis intended as a donation toward tho or-
Couirade gani/.ution of the State Regimental
Sunday   band of the Uniformed Butchers, oth-
Burns  as  siicaker  for  next           ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^~
vening at   Sullivan  Hall,    Cordova erwise known as the National Guard.
Street. 11 do not say tnat every member   of
After receiving report of Literary that band is active in his efforts to
Agent and transacting various olher form the organization of a military
business, the meeting adjourned. The band, but I do say that if there is
receipts for dues being $-1 at the last >n that band only one, and it seems
meeting, and $4.50 the previous to be concecded there are more who
In all ages it has been tbe custom to regard the working class
as the lower class. The brow of labor has always been crowned by the
classes with the brand of inferiority.
In the early days of labor, men served one another as slaves. Gradually the serf gave way to the laboring
man,  with  the idea still paramount
lack so much in principle and   manhood that he would join in a Labor
I Day    parade because of the $5  and
then Join this scab-protecting organization for a like reason, the   whole
band     should    be condemned.    I for
.one, refuse to march behind it.
I   Now,     It has been said I   oppose
Lawyer Thos.  Hogon    as orator   of
'the day because of the fact that   he
made a greater success in the world
j than I have, and, the argument con-
! tinues, that because of tbe fact that
have leisure hours while your   chil- he has shown such marked     ability
dren may go to school and grow up*   working     himself up  from     tbe
ranks of labor through his own efforts, and because of the fact that
he     still     sympathizes      with  those
that the laborer is but God s creation for the upper class to prolit by.
it was the iuou of the upper class,
that the' working class shall lie meek
and accept the lot which nature has
given them that the earth may multiply and replenish and thc rich men
or lords might live in happiness.
'•'it was ior the wave to live and
multiply and build, and pass away
like the little silk worm that dies in
building its one small kingdom. Tho
rich classes of the past ages knew
nothing of the law of evolution lhat
was gradually working its way upward, finding a higher aud bettor
purpose for tlie slave or working
man. After a thousand years of
darkness the system saw. that the .upheaval of the serfs was at hand and
a new era dawned.
"The coming of the now day was
the movement ot thu manufacturing
age. Today we have on every hand
the unerring sign fur another change
ior another climax is at hund. The
beginning of the climax was inaugurated when machines began lo
take the place of tools. When men
worked wilh mere hand tools, labor
had a more nearly equal division,
for what a man made with his own
tools was his own, or its oijiuivaleni.
When George Washington retired iroin
public life there wore no millionaires
There was not even such a word iu
a lexicon of thut day. Washington
himself was reputed to be a man of
great wealth. and he was worth
about $G00,0O0. Ho was considered
tne richest man of his day. The reason lay in tlie fact that the workman
of that day was the master of his
own lools and what ho made was
his own to sell or Keep. In the
same time it took a laborer of that
day to make a pair of shoes, one
thousand pair con be made by a machine today, and tlie workman who
makes them does not even own tlie
pegs in one pair of them. He takes
it for granted thut some ono else is
entitled to appropriate tho result of
his labor.
"U your great grandfather was
here today and were faced with such
a proposition, the blood of tbe revolution boiling in his veins would
show itself and there might be a
scrap. 1 ask that you who use the
tools use them not to make others
millionaires, but to free yourselves
from    slavery,    that want may not
as they should. I
"There were- no tramps in your
grandfather's day. There were no
millionaires. They come together,
aud are necessary to one another.
The one makes the other. For every
millionaire there are his thousands
of tramps, both made by the same
result. One hits food and no digestion, while thc oilier has digestion
and no food. Neither leads a complete life.
"By virtue of machinery ooe man
gels the value of tho lat-or of thousands. He has the tools; they have
none and must go to him for work.
"John 11. HocKefeller, the capitalist, is subject to the laws uf evolution like the laborer. The capitalist
is tlie development of society, ln
lime he will no longer exist, ln fifty years there will be no such thing
in America as a capitalist.
"They may enjoin you; they may
send tho military out against you;
they may stop you with court after
court, but they cannot take one
thing   from     you and that is your
whom he left at the scratch he
should be looked uuon as tbe friend
of organized labor. "It is to laugh"
Tho question is not of Mr, Hogon's
worldly possessions but: What relation does Mr. Hogan's profession,
tnat of a lawyer, bear to organized
labor! Why must wc, of thc working class, get on our knees and beg
far a pretended recognition from the
capitalist class or those whose livelihood depends, even more than ours
.does, upon their servility to that
|    Sympathy!    Who wants sympathy?
, To  use.   tho    expression in a  slang
sense "what the most of us want is
dollars"  not because they will make
a soft  bed or a palatable  meal but
because of what,  under  the   present
I system of exchange, they will accomplish.      Often    I have,   when  going
down thc street, boon asked .or mou-
jey with    which    a poor unfortdnatc
might  purchase  a meal.     Not   having any money in my pockets I have
parade, this year but hundreds i<r«-
milted the folly and previous hundreds dwindled to dozens. Wo bin.
ccrely hope thc day is not far <-is
tant when tbe farce -vill no longer
be staged.
A Labor Day to comuiaud the support und allegiance .1' even .li-se
whom it is ostensibly Intended 'o
bem-lit, must at least l>e tho e-.|.n'*--
sion of some principle in line with
human progress. As a commodity
exhibition it must inevitably sink to
the commercial lovol, and become a
libel upon any true lubor movement.
The "News" seems to be rather
fretful because the "Crisis" and tlie
"Western Clarion" published "labor
day" editions that were purely busi-
proposibtons. Such ventures
strictly in harmony with the
capitalist "iul-ior day," and not "pos
sibly" so, us the "News" suggests.
We did not see the issue of the "Cri- j
ais," referred to, but hoi>e its publishers succeeded in capturing unlimited shekels by its publication with
which to carry on the work of
spreading the ilames of revolution
through  the jungles  of  wnge-slavery.
The Western Clarion, like Mr.
Trott, of the Typographical Union,
refuses to be "either a beggar or a
blackmailer." If  the   paper  needs
presses, linotypes, etc., it will beg
for the necessary funds neither from
big capitalists, little cauitalists nor
proletarians. It. will go out into
the business world und obtain these
things in what human society now
sanctions as a legitimate wa}. There
are altogether too many alleged Socialist papers already that cannot
justify their existence by their merit. Hence, they are forced to "bum"
the poverty-stricken proletariat for
the wherewith to maintain themselves. It is contemptible enough for
the bourgeois both big and little,
with all of its hangers-on to graft
upon a poverty-accursed working-
class, but is a thousand times worse
when it is done by those who are
supposed to voice its revolutionary
To sell to merchnnts and dealers,
advertising space in the columns of
a paper is supposed to be a legitimate transaction. No Socialist exchange conies to us without more or
less advertising. Such advertising
does not appear to have anything
to do with the editorial policies of
these papers. The Western Clarion
compliments the "Crisis'' tmon the
method whereby it raises funds to
carry on its work in a legitimate
business way rather than b.v "bumming" its sustenance from the workers who are already too heavily burdened. An army that is on to its
job will draw its stores ns largely
as possibly from the enemy.
3eptenibt-r   -r^
klndy allow him to scratch his own.
To Comrade Phillips Thompson of Toronto the Clarion extends its thank*
for contributions to its columns, until
he is paid In more substantial way.
The -other contributors to its columns
will be pal l tn cash.
Any subscriber who falls to receive
his paper should notify us at once, and
missing numbers will be supplied. All
subscribers are requested to refrain
from obtaining any additional subscribers. Wc have all we want as It Is. To
have any more would necessitate the
printing of more copies nnd we do not
care to be bothered In that way. Should
we require more subscribers at any
time In the future we can easily obtain
them by offering a farm as a premium
with each yearly subscription.
Powell Street, Cedar Cove
Mounting I,arge Game Head- „  s„„, ,.
Taxidermist and Furdresser
821 Pesdtr St. Opp. People', Theatre!
VANCOl'VliK, 11. -.-. W™
Burns & Co. I
Second Hand Dealers
A filyth Socialist, taking an opportunity afforded In the local Congregational Church Magazine, gives the following reasons for not attending
1. The great reason is because the
problem of poverty has far more importance In my eyes than all the problems
parsons discuss.
2. Men who earn lf-ss than a pound a
week, of whom there are millions, have
no time to think about their souls. No
man possesses his soul in this age without a minimum wage and security of
8. The churches as a whole sympathise with the capitalist. He has the
churches under his* heel by means of
his contributions to their funds.
4. Thp churches soil their hands by
the unclean money of brewers, sweaters ami rack-renters.
5 The object of the church la to
make a man good whatever his environment. 1 hold that ln some environments it is pure humbug to tell men and
women they can be good. You must
alter the social conditions under which
the poor live before yon can hope to
have hotter men and women.—Exchange.
largest and cheapest stork of
Cook Stoves In the City.
Doom  Chains,    Augers,
gore'  .lacks. Etc.
We have moved Into our „,.w
and  commodious  promisee :
138 Cordova St., East
'Phone 1S79       Vancouver, R. G.
:>♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦« »»,44<h
Cedar Cove Meat Market
J.   A.
Fresh and
Salt Meats
HAMLEY,  Prop.
Fish am!
right to govern yourself,     bampson been compelled to refuse him.   1 sym-
lost his strength only when his locks pathiwd with that man but the poor
were shorn.     The workingman fihprn fellow   was   st-..  hiui„ry     Theref"
of his tools, his implements of exist- it    sho.ve(1    ver         °   movem,.nt     '
ence. is without strength,    Ue is as th(J part af  thisy o'JganizattoTto   °f-
Sumson when his Jocks were cut. ^t a  gpottker of the day  who     can
, give us nothing    but his svmoathv
"They talk to you about the grand and whose material Interests are   on
old flag.     It floated over every bull t'he same cide of the line of     battle
I«en in  Colorado  a while ago.     You as that of uur masters
join the party that is for your own |   Another thing, we, a working class
interest.      Never   mind     what they organization,  nave asked  the mayor
talk to you  about,     'lhe republican aml co,meilmen of this  town to take
party      are   the  big  capitalists;    the part     ^  our . c(,iebration.     A  cranir
democrats  are   lhe  little capitalists, that voted ?75 a month for the reg
hut them fight out their own bottles imental  band of  the state   militia-
of money and tariff.     It is not your . who sanction the working of a chain
a'!a\r,i      .x.              ,      "** j i   •„, rxv. £a"*-- on ,hese str°ets, composed    of
"When the teamsters strdck in Chi- members of 0,lr own cl                      »
cago   the     millionaire  bankers  sub- ,nany of  thom carryiD    ^       ■    ls
scribed $60,000 to fight them.     The ^ whoae only oM-encc\ga.™t sode-
fight did not  belong to them,     but ty is  that of )ookim, for a   maister>
they stuck  to  their own class.      Do  compeiit.<|   by  city  law  to  work for
you know of a millionaire who voted for me for President last year ?
(Laughter.) No, they had better
sense. They were all true to their
class. If thc workingmen had ijecn
as loyal to mc, I would have lieen
president today, and there would
not have been soldiers called out to
face you.
"Children will not be employed in
the coming social  system and     why
by a man
their board,  watched over
armed as a slave driver.
These gentlemen are the reasons I
refused     to serve on your   program
committee or to participate in    any
way in a "Beggar's Picnic."
•     •••••••••
The Salt Lake Crisis put out a
large Labor Day edition. It was a
dandy from a capitalist graftfng
standpoint, nnd possibly, strictly in
harmony wilh the capitalist fake La-
siore in your (ace and that you mai , uhl
should  they  be sacrificed?     ls cheap	
cotton more important -than rearing bor d,^,
human beings? When we jointly own •«•••«•• • •
the things we jointly use and every , The Westcrn Clarion i«ut out a Ionian has a right of inheritance to page sp^ai IjB,,or Day ^m^ bllt
work at an honest income tbe time ,it lai-ecJ to (.arry ^ UxhQt
of peace will dawn. We do not want lt waS purely a bourgeois advertis-
tbe private property of the Indivi- fing gra/t. Tne Iaboror8 luust ^ve
dual.-Eugene V. Debs, in 3. D. Her- gn,at    lasU,s    to   road lni(Jdle c*as8
The colonel of a German regiment
sent for all the sergeants, and said
"There will be an ellipse of the sun
tomorrow. The regiment will meet
on the parade grounds in undress. 1
will come and explain thc eclipse
before the drill. If the day is cloudy the men will moet in the drill-
shed as usual." Then the sergeants
dix'W up the order of the day, thus:
"Tomorrow morening, by order of
the colonel, there will be eclipse of
the sun. The regiment will assemble on the parade ground,  where the
grafters'  self-made lies.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ > The above is from the Montana
going on about them and relied upon News. We desire to congratulate Mr
the power which they fancied they Trott upon the stand he takes in re-
had. The revolution came like the gard to working class mendicancy,
eruption of a volcano, and we in Am and "Beggar's Picnics." ivut we do
urica should take'warning. Right not feel tbat the facts will justify-
now we are standing over a volcano him in the^ assertion that the Sep-
which may burst forth with all thc tember Labor Day has been cstab-
fury of Pelee."—Brewers'  Journal        lished  through the efforts of org.in-
• ized  lnbor.     Even if this were true.
 °  .»	
is little to  the credit of organiz-
The    mail   wagon drivers in    New  * .,abor when ?ve ^8 >nto consider
,,   ,   ,,„ ., . * a.     af'on the use it    is put to holding
York City, recently went on strike.JvBeggar'a Picnics," parading indus-
ln order to avoid prosecution for un-  trial  sheep before the ordinary pall-
 „ ,     -—  'awful   interference  with  the    United Itical   shepherds,  and listening  to hy-
colonel wiil*come andsuperintend the J States mails, by striking, each man imotizing bombast from the bunco-
eclipse in person. If the sky Is reported sick, and unable to work. ,aU?erers of capitalist tyranny. In the
cloudy, the eclipse will take place JThe beauties, or at least one of them .light of that level to which this pur-
in 'he driH-shed."—Ex. iof government ownership thus comes (ticulnr  labor day has sunk   it  v ere
to surface. The men did not dare a mercy to organized labor, could
balk with the same freedom as Ithe credit of its Inauguration be plac-
fhough  they  were working for some ed elsewhere.
oiiiside concern. As the.v were getting I In reading of Uie recent "l^abor
th«* ample wage of Sl.flO per diem, Day" displays, one thing fortros it-
ami demanded that it l>e increased to self insistently to the ir .mt, and
$2.00,  it    can be readily seen what  that is the deeaden of
an unreasonable lot of scalawags this annual fatce. Where liinusands
they are. were but a few years ago wont    to
Italibi nirsch, the scholar and orator of Chicago, says: "The powerful of earth should realize that we
nre in the midst of the same condition that existed in France which
brought on the revolut ion. The rich
and powerful classes in France refused to take warning from what was
We solicit the business of Manufacturer^
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary ad vice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York Life Bldg,
Monti ml : uud Washington, D.C, V.S.A.
An Opportune
rime for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortm-ntl
i( resiling matter. Try uur book!
•xchange. Return two mM b ok*.-a d|
rec.'ive one new one.
328 Abbott Strait        Vancouver, B. C.|
Mail orders promptly attended!
During that period marking the
breaking up of the feudal system anil
the establishment of capitalist production based upon wage-slavery, the
working people led the strenuous life
indeed, as muy be seen by reading "A
Chapter From Marx," in another column, it should be particularly noticed
that after the breaking up of the old
Institutions hail been effected, largely
through the exercise of the most cruel
measures, the restrictions were removed, and the workman was told that
he was "free." Free to organise Into
his union, and "free" to work or not
as he saw fit. When he had become
so numerous that he was always within reach of the capitalist when needed,
and had been so completely divorced
from all means of living that he could
no longer assert any independence, or
get away from his capitalist master,
it was no longer necessary to flog him,
imprison him or silt his ears; no longer necessary to brand him with the
letter "S" or any other, for his position would make him amenable to capitalist philosophy, and the fear of starvation .would keep him within ear-shot
of the factory whistle. A speaker ln
Vancouver recently, In expounding the
virtues of "industrial unionism," referred to the old guild organisation as
types of his pet theory, and showed
how powerful they were because ot
their, as he asserted, industrial character. He forgot to show how they
went down in front of the machine and
factory production, never to rise again.
That they were a bar to capitalist development, and therefore detrimental
to human progress, made It Imperative
that they be broken up. in consequence some of the most drastic measures were used. However cruel they
may appear to us now, they were Justifiable, because they were necessary
to further progress, in this way does
Dame Nature work out the great process.
Those who are stuffed up with great
respect for "our ancestors" should read
the real history of the past, I. e., the
history of the only useful class tbat
ever existed in human society, and the
treatment lt received at the hands of
the "upper crust." Such a reading
would strip the halo of glory from
many a "hero," and show him to have
been but a low, mean and unscrupulous rascal instead. Many, after the
reading, would cease to blow about the
nobility of their ancestors. However
necessary the treatment accorded those
old-time workers may have been, ouf
blood still bolls when we read of lt, presumably because of the suspicion that
the flesh of some of our kin quivered
under tho branding Iron.
Word has come to us through private
channels that subscribers lu some localities aver thnt the Western Clarion
does not reach them regularly, und they
surniisi- that the paper has suspended
or Ir floundering under difficulties. To
such persons we wish to say the paper
Is mailed each week to every paid subscriber on the list. Upon two or three
occasions recently we have been two or
three days late ln publication which In
each case arose from a rush of work
in this office, or some mishap to the
machinery. The only difficulty that
confronts ths publication of the Western Clarion Is that of getting those
who arc supposed to be Interested ln
the movement, to contribute anything,
either In the shape of news or educational matter, to Its columns. This probably arises from that long cultivated
habit of depending upon some one else
to scratch your back for you, while you
Drug Store
Graduates in pharmacy nre ia
chnrge of every department. They
know their business nml know it well.
You get a satisfaction that lingers
in your memory,
Ik-llailonnu   Porous  Plasters,   2.r>c
for ...,  l'ijc
Face  Powder,   Title  per box,   for    2f>e
Electric Belts,  15 per cent, rwhiction
on price.
Florida Water, .r>iic, large size.... 40c
Phosphate of Soila, |*r lb tin.... :15c
Talcum   I'owtler,   perfumed  kind,   25c
for   10c
Electric  Liniment,   50c  size  for  25c.
Stewart's   Kidney   Pills,   50c  a box
for-               30c.
Dyspepsia Tablets, 50c a box for 80c
Embrocation, 75c size for   50c
Embrocation, 5<k- size for   ;tOc
This  issue  is  Nu.   889      II  this
the  number  upon  your  address sl
your   subscription   expires   with   ihlsf
number.     If further copies are de-
ed, renewal should be made al .nee 1
If c.-ire  is  taken  to  renew  before th
expiration of the old subscriptions ill
will greatly simplify matters m ihsl
ollice ns  well  as avoid  auy break in |
receipt   of  papers.
nox h:><',,
Vanrouvci H i
Whisks, 25c kind for
Chamois Skins, 50c. each for    25c
Fluid   Magnesia,   25c  bottle   for   15c
Our Own  Kidney  t?ure, $1  bottle
for   75c
\ntiseptic   Tablets,   large   bottles
for    25c
Mrs. Grey's Complexion soap, 50c
a box,  for   25c
Rosalia  Facial  ("ream, 25c for ... 15c
Cream of Glycerine and Roses, 86c.
for      15c
Cucumber Cream, 50c for   85c,
Fountain   Syringes,  hot   water bottles  from  00c   to     $2.50
Special pi ices in Rubber goods, hot
water but t les, elc.
You  save  from 86 to 40 per   cent,
on your prescriptions hero.
French Female Pills, 13.00 for $1.00
Negligee Sh if ts|
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are no« hcrs-
some of the choice ones will In-snW
early, and some of tho i>-ip» »e
cannot duplicate. If you appreclAtl
unusual styles It will int»it,«l -mato
come promptly.
Flatircn Hats
The Smartest Solt Hat of the Season
These Hats have been onUuisiMtl-
cally received by young men lr11"1
tho very first dny we brought them
out. Neither trouble nor expoMJ
has been saved in the production «
these goods, as you will cheerful
acknowledge  upon  examination.
IIS Cordova Street
Cash Grocery Store |
Wo also carry a full line of Pu*f
ture,   on  easy   payments,    ftl   ■""'.
that cannot  ho  duplicated     Kiwnj |
inspect our stock.
Cor WeitMlnster Ave and Harris Street j
Cordova   St,    next to Hnrveys
This  warm  Summer  weather is very    trying   to lion
Tho heat of tho coal and wood  stove Is simply unbearable.
Kitchen drudgery Is reduced to a minimum by  tho ii*'
Oas  Slovo and Oas Hot PUtes.     Meals can bc prepared
and well,   without heating the  whole house.
Housekeepers with a Oas   Stove have much more  timo
creation   than   those  who  use  the coal and wood stoves
In our  Demonstrating and   Show room  wo have  many
and makes set up tor examination and trial.     Call nnd >'
ol ,1"'
for re-
i  the"1
VANCOUVER GAS Co, Ltd. *•*» ■iBS*""""


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items