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The Western Clarion May 27, 1905

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 I   , ,1 -l.-l.'/tf
J<-^ }
MAY 291005
7
HE  WESTERN  CLARION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
THIS t»     4 OO
NUMDKK    Uiii
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, May 27, 1905.
Subscription Price
Pbk Y»a»
Sl.00
HE OTHER SIDE OF THE SHIELD
Tha Morals aad Ethics ol the Business World
It is only necessary to assert that
kodern business is utterly  unscrup.u-
Ls and   immoral.     Tho   proof  may
uiVlv be left  to the business   world
,.|f, with the assurance that it will
forthcoming in volume amply su-
ieiit   to convince the most skeptic-
While   the   larger   concerns    are
lib)Inning   to   tne   world   tho  shams,
iiiiH'iiiies   and   utter   rottenness    of
business   world   unions   its  upper
.nut    1 he  lesser  establishments  also
Imlsh their quota of evidence to
,,,« how utterly destructive of every
ifty 11111I noble concept of hdmuu
11 ure the entire business scheme is.
|A correspondent who resides in a
lun mil outside the boundaries of
Province 01 British Colilmhiu,
|ni|s us some information going to
l,,w 1 hut the business acumen and
Btinct is developed to about as low
ul nasty a level upon Canadian
|il 11s anywhere else. It seems there
i, concern calling itself the Inter-
liniiiul Mercantile Agency of Caua-
l.imited, with head offices in To-
■nio. It purports to havo a capi-
I ui 8350,000, Among its officers
And the name of lion. Robert
ckay, Senator, who olliciates as
••president.
Ilhe following matter sent out by
s concern explains Ihe nature of
business in a manner that com*
hints attention.
Exhibit   A.
i>ar Sir:—We desire to call your
■nt ion to a few facts, and if you
d accounts, notes or judgments,
matter how old, on which you
.• been unable to realize, we can
■rest you.
:i   the  Brat   place   we  wish   to  im-
i   yon   with   the   fact    that    this
cy is 11 strong financial corpora-
organized under   the   strict Cain  law,   charter  granted   by   the
lliiiilinn   government     under   letters
•in.   nnd   therefore   under   govern-
In 1   supervision.     The   agency   has
ns officers nnd directors some of
inda'fl leading capitalists and busi-
- men.  and  has a  paid-up capital
$250,000.    So   much   for   our   re-
uiisihilit.v.
|\e have demonstrated,   as  is evi-
ed   by   the  experience  of   thous-
Jils of clients  in the  United  States
|ii Canada, that  wo have the most
•ithe collecting  system  ever   deed.     Having   connections   und   re
presentatives In every part of tho
world where commerce exists, wilh
an unexcelled tracing department,
we are prepared to accept claims and
make collections no matter where
debtor is located, When address is
unknown we put tne matter in tracing deportment and locate your debtor.
Our agreement carries with it a
guarantee bused upon conditions uf
cluss of contract  taken.
Kindly (ill in the enclosed postal
card, and we will furnish particulars
or have our representative iu your
section cull on you in the near future and explain our system, show
you what we hove done and are doing for others, and explmin to you
our contract.
in the meantime please look over
yonr books und supposedly uncollectible accounts, notes and Judgments,
as well as your recent but slow and
doubtful claims, so that our agent
may be able to show vou the class
of contract  that fits your case.
The sending us the card of inquiry
does not in any  way obligate you.
Thanking you in advance for consideration of our proposition, and
hoping thut we may have further
business relations, proving long,
pleasant  and  profitable,   we are,
Very  truly yours,
International Mercantile Agency
of Canada,  Limited,
per J.  W.  T.
Exhibit   11.
Does It  Ever Occur to  Vou?
That it is impossible to make men
honest by legal process—and. while
we cannot dispense with law, it by
no means fills every requirement,
even of those who can afford to use
it. Many men stretch their conscience to commit an injustice—because they do so legally. To punish
such people and prevent the continuance of such practices hns been the
successful endeavor of The International  Mercantile  Agency.
That a debt may become barred by
the Statute of Limitations, making
it legally obsolete, but the moral obligation remains, and by a judicious
presentation of the claim and careful
and persistent work, the International Agency has succeeded in recovering thousands of dollars regarded
by their rightful owners as Irremediably lost.
Thai the success which hns attended the operations of the International Mercantile Agency since its incorporation, is largely due to the able
assistance received from the army of
representatives,   agents  and   confiden
tial correspondents and reporters,
carefully selected for their special
aptitude in the various brunches. No
single firm, however large, can com-
mund such services, except as a member  of this Agency.
That commerce today takes a wide
range, and it frequently happens that
only prompt action will prevent
heavy loss. The representuti\t' of
The International mercantile Agency
on the spot will give careful attention    to   instructions     received     from
them when he would pay perhaps
little heed to the reipiest from a linn
whom he bad never heurd of. Why?
The Agency's business is large und
continuous, and is worth while. The
only sale test, It is worth his while
lo work for The international Mercantile Agency, und the members reap
the  benefits.
Thut when u claim from any ono
of Ihe numerous causes, has reached
the point beyond which the merchant
sees no prospect of relief, The International .Mercantile Agency will be
found the connecting link In the broken  chain  of commercial  credit.
From our confidential reports wo
gain n thorough knowledge of tho
debtor's standing, financially and socially, and Intimately acquaint ourselves with his frailties, capabilities,
morals und general status. When
advisable we suggest improvement iu
the conduct ol affairs, show him we
are interested iu his welfare, and by
reason of that interest gel into much
closer touch than his croditor (whom
ho looks upon frequently as un enemy) is possibly able to do. If unemployed W0 secure him a position,
and secure a portion  of his earnings.
upright    and     honorable    us  it   was
thought   you   were   when   this   credit
was given you.
Respectfully,
Per T. G.
Address
Presumably the Hon. Senator and
his fellow worthies are good, Christian gentlemen of standing in their
respective neighborhoods. But to
conceive of anything inure low, vulgar and contemptible limn the service offered In the above would seriously impair the stretchablo
qualities of the most elastic Imagine-
MORE  VALUABLE  EXPERIENCE
Being Gathered in tbe Streets by tbe Workers of Chicago
The  situation  in  Chicago  up.'ears   it   becomes  striker  against scab  or
less favorable lor un curly emh i„  Ji   »«ine-breaker,   and  tho  ties  of  class
Hie   strike   than  a   week   ago.       'no
, soiiuai'iiy give way to factional hai
red,   vindictivenoss   and   revenge    oo-
piospecis  ure good lliut a large uum-   uvtvn umereut  members of the same
nil-  ol   men   will   be  added   to  th '.'j I oppressed  or  exploited  class.       The
already    ni.ol.ou,     by    Uie   uuiluing   moment   the  surplus    labor     of    tne
mules joining  the stride.     Wliao once linuraet  appears   upon the scene,   tne
111e.se annus  ,,iouk  out   it  is uiiliculi   struggle is   transferred into   the  piu-
tu liOicriiiiiio just where    they   will   im spectacle 01 a battle among slaves
end,    tine   iniiig uusoluieiy  cm tain is   to  see  which  shall   nold  tho  coveleU
111.1I   when   ihey   nre   over,   und   mat   position  of  serving  a master.     That
tion.    Among ull the low  t,v|ies to bo iters     again    assume    their    normal I ma interests of tho master suffers is
found in the purlieus of the red-light!course,   nothing    has    been     settled,   only  incidental   to  the  bght  that   is
district   it   would  be  difficult   to   find ""inaii  society   rests  upou   the same I going  on   uuiong   the  slaves  in    the
. „ •_ _ .1   , I,      .1 1 did  pioput'TA   i.uMs,  und   tho  relation 'market,
a specimen thai  would  with such un- („ J^,,.,  an(J ^ %m renjaina ( e.  ,    ^ ^^ q{ ^ §u|- ^ ^^
blushing abandon daunt his degenor-, LWt!Un employer anu employee, what-1press the riotous slaves, that Is, to
acy as does this respectable business ever concussions the latter may have maintain order, which means lo the
concern  in   the above circulars     and   "ien   al)'''   ' °   secure  as   a   result   ol Slaves   that   they  must   remain  meek
more especially in the ins. paragraph P*0 .^"^ ■?avt.,-,*aS  l° ^ &l aad d0CUfl umJer lue prH,Xr8 ol l"°
. , 1       h    1       nimble   cost   to   himself   and  class,   present slave system,  which at least
of exhibit 11. Iho stall of this agen- iJlia De unda himself unable to hold the most of them protect and defend
cy will worm its way into the con-, on lo what he lias gained against by giving it their political support.
fidence of the debtor,  and by all  tho luu circumstances and  conditions  uy |And  it  is eminently fitting and  pro-
wily      subtil it ies     attributed   to   the
Exhibit  c.
This is a sample of the literature
sent out  to- a debtor:
Your   indebtedness   of   $   for
meat account has been standing quite
a long time, ami it seems that you
are making no effort to settle.same.
Vou were trusted becuuse you were
thought to be upright und honest,
and that you would not incur a debt
that vou did not intend to pay
promptly, but yonr delay in settling
justifies the serious questioning of
this good  opinion  of you.
Ho you really think vou have acted
uprightly and honorably in this matter? Don't you feel that if you had
half tried or denied yourself some
small luxury vou could have paid
this debt  long ago ?
What would vuii think of a person
Who would ignore a debt due you,
us vou have neglected and ignored
this debt'' Would you feel that your
confidence and kindness hud been
abused?
Before taking other steps to make
this collection, this Inst appeal is
made to you: kindly pay the debt at
once, or. at least, frankly state when
vou cun do so; and in lhat way show
that   you  are  in     reality  as  honest,
I which   he   is   surrounded,     if   a gain  per   that  the  auinorities should    use
,in   shorter   uoill's,   netler   wages,    or   all  tho powers of  the state  to ciiln-
snake tribe since the days when  Eve  m   otherwise   more   lavorable   condi-
beenme   involved  iu  scandal,   learn of j lions,   was   u    permanent    ono,     the
his   "frailties,   capabilities,      morals,  Btase   would   lo  well   worth   lighting
and general status,"   fur the implied
purpose of using such  knowledge    to
sition so that a "portion of his earnings may be seized." We have always been taught that it was unmanly to betray the confidence or take
advantage of   the   weakness   or   fi'ail-
yet   been  held   up  as  a  particularly
high   type of human  kind,   but    here
vate meekness and docility among
tho slaves, lioth masters and slaves
have at the polls ordered that u bo
nnd although the victory might [done, and no government should dis-
cost dearly, iho resultant bonoins obey its mandate.
would in time repay it. Rut thu I Hue it is that untold suffering will
blackmail him into satisfying the | met remains patent tnat the gains fall upon the heads of the workers
demands of his hungry creditor. If I to labor by tnesu struggles are at'so long as tney persist in this jjur-
unemployed he is to be secured a po-'lne "est mt'tt<Jre u,itis- and cannot be jticular  line   of    action.     Knowledge
'held even fur brief periods except at 'cun'only come to them through ex-
still further cost, and in tho ond are perience, and they must not expect
lost in spue of the heroic efforts of the schooling without paying tlie
the workers to prevent it. price.     "They  who dance must pay
The  loss   to   the  working   class re-   the piper."     So long as the workers
sultinb     from   these   unfortunate  ul-   approve  of   the  rule  of  capital,   and
fairs is not  measured iu time, money   its resultant wage slavery, they must
tics of another.     Judas has not  as ami physical   iigusies alone.     A   far  pay for It by enduring the misery it
more serious  loss is suffered iu   tho  entails.
tearing  asunder  of  those   ties  of so- ;    To whatever oxtont thu Chicago af-
we find a  business concern composed ada,lU>, u"d ^mradeship   that ought  fair  may.be prolonged,  the outcome
to bind all wornel'8 togotner, as the ot it may be easily determined,
of presumably Christian gentlemen common victims of capitalist rule. Matters will eventually assume their
and honorable senators, in the most into a solid phalunx against their normal course. Capitalist property
unblushing manner offering to do all [brutal rulers. When a strike breaks will ugain continue its usual OCCU-
of these supposedly dishonorable acts ol" umi '"en 'I"'1 Uu'ir employment Ipation of gorging itself with profits
,, . , it Is  inevitable  that   the  surplus   lu-   wrung from  the bides of slaves,  and
lor gain. Debts may have become ;|)ol. in „M, wttrket should, How in to I ujie slaves will wriggle and twist,
barred by the Statute of Limit a- fill the places made vacant. All of and gall and chale under the merci-
tions, .    but   the   moral   obligu- Ithe fierce animosities arising between   less   exactions   of   a   market   that   is
tion remains." Moral obligation is
good, coming as it does from such a
source. It is quite ns appropriate
as for the devil to wash his hoofs in
holy  water.
At least some provinces of Canada
have rent lows, small debts courts,
and a few other iniquities that would
not be tolerated among a tribe of
half-decent African negroes.    Jn some
sellers of commodities in their strug- ^continually   full   to     overflowing    of
gle for customers, .spring into action,   slaves in search of masters.
for the purpose of affording pin-head-   through      International      Mercantile
ed magistrates and jack-legged lawyers the pleasure of badgering and
browbeating petty debtors, and by
so doing demonstrate just how low
in the scale of being the human aui-
j mal can descend and still bear the
I outward semblance of man. The
mure  thoroughly familiar   wo become
of   the   provinces   it    is   alleged   that'with  , ,„,  methods  of  business "as ex
small  debts courts  are    maintained I amplified   by   tho  evldende   furnished
Agencies, and other capitalist concerns, tho moro convinced we become
thut tho "scarlet woman" is a much
maligned person and ono upon whom
has been heaped contumely and insult entirely undeserved. Her business should have been duly incorporated under the raws of Canada, and
she should be trotting in the front
rank along with honorable senators
and  other less moral worthies.
VOICE FROM THE PULPIT RALPH SMITH, OF NANAIMO
rominent  Boston Clergyman Denounces
Wage Slavery
MINENT B0ST0N1ANS GREATLY DISTURBED
|'he Rev, W. IT. Van Allen, of the
lurch of Ihe Advent, ono of the
|itltliiest churches in Boston, raised
good deal of a tempest in the Bos-
li teapot by a sermon preached on
B.v 7, io which ho said that the
»ge system is a slave system and
■■dieted its abolition. Many emin-
^l.V resuoctable Hostonians have
I'll deeply pnined by this impious
J'luriitfon.
lie quote some passages from  Roc-
Van Allen's address:
'The   hireling   (teeth   because   he is
| hireling   und   enrolh   not   lor    tho
ep."     I   read    here    Christ's coii-
Inuution of  the  wage system;    not
Jit  the wage system is wholly bad.
It that it. never had its place in tho
lilution  of  society,   but   that   it  is
It   a  finality,   that  We  cannot  rest
fitent  with   it,   and   that   we   must
'  toward   its  eventual   abolition
i nn order of society  which   shull
jovv  not   hirelings   nnd   where  men
^11 work  together for the common
bd of fellow-heirs of a common in-
fi tance.
pome of you are thinking, 1 know,
am getting to know you so well,
Jih your sweet conservatism, min-
pl with a passionate radicalism
\t outdoes anything in America—
[W can we get on without wage-
Irkers? How can nny system bo
Vised which will do away with the
ring of other men and Iho taking
us of the larger share of their
I'tiings for our profit?
tabor, according to the wage the-
. . is a commodity. The vvnge-
Irkers, take it to the market and
1 it under economic, conditions of
I'ing and selling. The buyer of
Por is bound by what men prate of
I economic laws to buy that lubor
Ithe lowest price possible. Ho hus
Jney, thoy have not. He can dic-
|o terms, because he can afford to
wait a little.    They, having no mo-
Ine.v, cannot   wait.
I    The employer  hns a    second    great
'advantage.       There    are    more   men
needing   work   than   there  are  places
j to be filled.     Tnen again,  it is found
that,   because   it   costs   him   less    to
live,  the single mini is a  better man
I to employ   than  the man  with a wife
land   the   man   with    a  wife    and   no
children   is  u   bettor  man  to  employ
than  the man with a wife and children.    Then again, the  Bulgarian or
ihe Pole or the Armenian is a better
man  to employ  than  the single American,   because  he    can   live  cheaper
still, und consequently can afford to
work cheaper.
The man who can live on least and
'dothe work sets the standard scale
of wages in the work that he is com-
'petent to do, and the economist, has
I Adduced from this whut he culls the
iron law of wages, nnd they tend al-
ivvavs to the lowest point upon which
I the workman can maintain his life
land strength to do the work.
|   Think   of   workingmen.      Some    of
th  support   themselves by their lu-
Ibor. Others go out to work to earn
pin money, and not being dependent
on what they earn for a livlihoo.l
they can alTord to work for much loss
thnn those who are working for a
living. Therefore, they are cheaper
for the employer, nnd they sot the
standard of wages In thair particular line of work. Do you wonder
that every year sees, whut every yeur
does see, an enormous sacrifice by
Mammon to Venus, a lung prucessioii
of those who nro unable to support
themselves by the wages thoy cun
earn, and who therefore turn to that
trade, the only ono, I think, where
novices are better paid than experts?
Ij'or every case of poverty caused
by drunkeness there are ten case- of
drunkeiiess caused by poverty. Wo
nre 80 afraid of paternalism  that   we
have no old-age insurance. Employers today don't want men forty or
thirty-five years of ago.    White hairs
are barriers to a man getting employment as a wage-earner in these
days. What has the future in store
for a young man who is going to be
an old  man if he lives?
President Eliot talks of the "joy
of work." It. is a catch phrase, and
one that is gloriously true of some
of us. We do joy In our work, but
the reason is becuuse we are not hire-
Ilings, and it is unreasonable to e.\-
pect  a  hireling  (o  joy   in his  work,
j because he has no incentive, except
fear  of     starvation,   und   no   reward
except a week's reprieve from starvation. Factory methods have destroyed  the  workman's  joy  in  his  work.
I He bus become a  "band."
The fruits of bis labor—what part
bus he In them'.' Thev go to another.
Think of the thousands upon thousands who sweat in the mines and
furnaces of Pennsylvania that Mr.
Carnegie mny build (libraries nnd eat
his bread In the sweat of other men's
(faces. For my own part, I'd rather
not read books that are bought In
that way. Not that I condemn Mr,
Carnegie. Ho nnd his wealth are the
products of u condition and nol the
responsible causes of that condition.
The above is taken from the   New
i York Worker of May 20. und is offered as evidence that while the
church as an  institution  is part  and
'parcel of iho present system of exploitation,   it  cannot be relied  upon
|tO at all limes successfully smother
the convictions of its ministers. An
occasional one will rise to the occasion and fearlessly proclaim the tiiuth
!as it  dawns upon him.     Small  wonder  that   Ibis   minister   shocked    his
congregation   by  his   "impious  declaration, ' and impious they truly were
from  the standpoint of sacred capital.     If  Parson  Van  Allen continues
administering such doses to his smug
I lleucon   Hill  congregation,   it is  safe
llo  assume  that ero  long he will   be
jhittiug  the  high  places  in search of
."fresh     fields    nnd     pastures    new"
'should   such   happen,    however,    tho
good  man  may  console  himself  with
tho comforting assurance that he will
not journey nlune.   Many a jub-hunt-
iit may attribute his experience   as
such,   to   the  fact  of  possessing    too
much   manhood   and   courage    to    be
forced   into  silence   when  his  convic-
tlions  prompted  him  to  proclaim  the
truth.     Mny strength be given  Parson Van Allen's tongue to lay it on
good  and  plenty.
Cheap Liberal Politician Gets a Jolt From
Hawthornthwaite
AN UNSAVORY AND ABOMINABLE RECORD
Editor Free Press:—lu common
with a number ol people I wondered
at   Itulph  Smith's hasty  visit   to  Nanaimo  in the midst  of a busy season
at  Ottawa.    We  have   not   bail   long
I to wait for an explanation.    He bus
come here to "settle"   tbe "trouqle"
qetween    the   operators,    Dunsmuir-
Stocked  et  al,  and   the  miners  over
Ithe eight-hour law.    This is the first
Indication l have had that any trouble  existed.     The  m'ners    have    not
been  notified,  so far as  1  am aware,
J that the Island companies do not  intend  to operate under the law,  nor
that   they  require  any   settlement.
Mr. Smith assists ihe companies by
breaking  it   to   the  public   for   them,
thai they do not   intend  tu grant   tinmen common justice, thev  must have
their   full    pound   of   flesh,    in   other
words  thoy  require a  "settlement."
Lot   me  inform  him und  tbe operator behind  him thut   there is  no  set-
tlement to be made.    The eight hour
low  is  "clumsy and inconsistent" according to this great authority, who
made himself tho laughing stock of
I the House of Commons by his clumsy and  inconsistent effortaj to   have
I enacted a certain Union  Label Mill,
the   solitary   duckling   of   his   eight-
year  political   incubation.
The eight-hour law for coal miners
is just so "clumsy and inconsistent"
that nelthor labor skinners nor labor
skates can find n legal way to bent
it, hence tne necessity of a "settlement" and Ralph Smith's presence
here.
The coal miners of 11. C, unlike
Smith, do not require much time to
consider the eight-hour question, and
have no desire to straddle the fence
upon it. They have for years demanded an eight-hour (lay from bank
to bank and they have secured it
without any aid from the famous
"miners' ugent" who is so anxious
to  be  in  nt the "settlement."
Some of the miners have a vivid
recollection of bis own eight-hour record and  the eettlrtm-nts"therewith,
und also othor settlements.    The last
'one he  made   between  the   men    and
tho company   losl   them  ten per cent.
on   their  wages.
An oight-hour law for quartz niin-
ers was enacted n few years ago
when Smith was in the local house.
His stratldlo on that is historical,
and iiImi his Rossland "settlement''
which forced the miners of Kdotonay
to vvorK contract, which the company desired, In lieu of da.v labor.
Whnt    "sett lenient"   dues   lie   propose
now?
Cu on, Ralph, vou are not trying
to bulldoze the Methodist conference
this time. Ue are all anxiously
watching you ami your "settlement"
ill   the    "business    interests"   of    tho
community.
Thanking    vou.    Mr.   Editor,    for
[space,    Vouis 11 uiy,
• I.   II.   Hawthornthwaite,
Nanaimo Free Press, May 23.
When Ralph Smith was in Vancouver recently he attended the Metho.1-
11st conferenie, then in session. Tho
great man tuuk advantage of the occasion to express himself quite frankly on some autonomy resolution the
conference bud been wrestling; with,
ii the course of his remarks, which
[according to the Vancouver World
woro made in quite a "conversational Stylo," he proceeded to "correct
whnt, he thought was a fallacious
conclusion come to by the conference." While correcting, he mot with
some interjections and Interruptions
from members of the conference who
evidently found it difficult to stomach Mime of Ills statements. This
finally lead tho doughty warrior to
de; lure that "be was ready to stay
with them und argue the question
until I a.m., if they were willing,
but he was afraid he was getting
worked up by the interruptions to
his   fighting  parliamentary   attitude,
SO  he  would  stop,  etc."
To   tbifsr   who   have   watched   £he
j jui'eer   of   this   niuntebunk,   both    in
parliament and out, it is fully realized what a narrow escape that conference had. Had Smith not been
gifted with sufficient restraint to
control himself and close his remarks
before getting fully worked up to his
"fighting parliamentary attitude,"
the result to the conference would
have been something terrible. Hawthornthwaite should be careful how
he stirs the lion up.
Whatever it may be that called
Smith to N'anaimo while the Ottawa
house is still in session, the miners
may rest assured it was not in their
interest. The influences that have
been responsible for his .political
career will continue to dominate his
actions, and use him to perform their
dirty work so long as ho can deliver
the goods. When he can no longer
deliver, the chances are he will be
cast aside like a squeezed lemon, It
is extremely doubtful if he will be
able to secure as soft a haven of
refuge us that other played-out political hark, Mcinnes, who has been
lucky enough to secure storuge-ruom
in the Yukon. Happily, the coarse
work of these stool-pigeons of capital is rapidly becoming inetlictive in
misleading the workers. Their power is on the wane, and the time is
not far distant when they will no
longer bo tolerated in the presence
of decent people. Their reputation
has already become a stench In the
nostrils of men.
 o————
ROSSLANB'S  HOLIDAY   RECORD.
Two men killed and three wounded
in the Rossland mines is the record
for May ill, which is supposed to be
a hulisay. Hugh Bennett, a young
miner, was killed by falling from a
ladder. Sieve Welsh while picking
behind a machine drove the point of
his pick into a stick of dynamite that
had failed to explode. An explosion
ensued instantly killing Welsh, breaking the leg of .John Shimgneski, a
machine man working nearby. Alexander McFarland, another machine
man was severely cut about the head
and face. Ix-vi Handiback. a shoveller in the Le Roi mine, was caught
b.v a cave-in, ami his left log- so badly battered that it had tube amputated at the knee.
While Migelow, who stole 88,000,-
000 from tne Milwaukee bunk, of
which he was president, is deiiuunced
as n criminal, still he is far short of
being as bad us h > miglit be. He is
not a Socialist
/
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Si THE WESTEEN CLAEION, VANCOUVER, B. C
TATURDAY
'   'i
m
WM
A"*!''
ft
■
h
Ihe Western Clarion
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the Working Class alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flock block basement, 105 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B.  C.
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TATUKDAY
May 27,   11I05
COCKROACHES   EXTERMINATED.
Lawson has kept his word. For
more than a year he has promised to
tell how "Pious John" and his associates fleeced unsuspecting stockholders out of millions of dollars of
tbe rich plunder taken from an exploited working class under the brigand rule of capital. And now he
has blurted it out, he has told all
about it, and in the telling of it has
judiciously refrained from mentioning   the   toilers   who   produce  all    of
ists, whose mouths watered for large ;slaves himself, he would probably
and juicy portions of the plunder, jtake less pride in mentioning it.
would bine been used against them | The right of capital is merely the
with the same reckless abandon and jritfht to exploit tbe workers. The
pious complaisance, by those beaten 'transfer of capitalist holdings is but
cockroaches themselves, had oppor- jthe transfer of this right from one
tunity   offered. {capitalist,   or  set   of  capitalists,    to
It is said "when thieves fall out another. When workers learn of tne
honest men get their dues." As ?ale of factory, railroad, etc., thev
cockroach   capitalists  get   put  out   of
business by the big ones, their pitiful squeals need not. be considered altogether in humorous vein. A useful lesson may be drawn from their
baby squawks as well. By their exposures of that which has happened
to theiu at the hands of their conquerors, they at they same time,
though unwittingly perhaps, expose
to the workingman the callous, cold
and calculating nature of the beast
ol capitalist property, of which he is
the victim. The brutal infilleronce
with which capitalists slaughter
those of their own kind who stand
in their wuy should point, out to the
worker the measure of consideration
he muy expect at the hands of this
modern   class  of  free-boot ers.
lj'.t the workers remain undisturbed
over this extermination of cockroach
merely learn of the sale of the right
to exploit the particular workers involved in the operation of these industries. Virtually a transfer of human chattels has taken place.
■So long as the workers giva political support to the parties of ca-
pdtalsm, they furnish the master class:
with the power to enforce their right
of exploitation. Without control of
the law-making and executive uowers
of government, the master class could
not establish and enforce their right.
It is manifestly the duty of every
workingman who understands the
facts in the case, to point them out
to his fellows, to the end that the
workers may withdraw their political support from the master class,
and use it to seize, in their own behalf, the ]>owers of government, and
use them   to  bring   to  an  end    that
capitalists,    by   ihe    big  ones.     The j brutal  exploitation  under  which   the
more  rapidly   the process  of  extermination be carried out, the sooner will
the decks be cleared for action between the working class and tho capitalist class; between tho only useful and the only useless class in human society, and tne result of which
will be the extermination of the present cockroach  exterminators.
CAPITALIZATION.
The employee of a concern oftentimes takes great delight iu referring
lo its immense and perhaps lucrative
business, and points with pride to
this fabulous wealth, presumably 'be- !its hu& capital. in doing so he
cause the humorous incidents which doeS not reali/* *»t himself, and
he recounts have no bearing on- way j'ellow «"I'l°yees, are the basis of
or another upon the workers, a.id!lhe ^,,italization; that it is their
therefore, were in plain truth, none poWer of wua,th Production that do-
of their business. Whether Lawson ite""lnes the wonh of lhe «»«»P» iu
has, intentionally or otherwise refrained  from  jabbing his  facile   pen
working class of  the  world  is
suil'ering.
now
ILLOGICAL LOGIC.
sufficiently deep into the matter to
show any possible connection betwixt
the wage-slave class and the fabulous
wealth represented in the "amalgamated" deal, matters but little.
Others will follow the matter up and
prove beyond the shadow of a doubt
that the alleged crimes of the "Stan- I
dard gang" are but tho logical and
ordinary courtesies of business life,
and have been carried out in strict
conformity with the only possible
moral and ethical code under a system of property tnat is based upon
the ruthless robbery of the class that
makes all wealth. Every dollar of
value held by capitalists big and little alike, is but the proceeds of the
cunning, sneaking, contemptible and
conscienceless robbery of the working
people. Tho value of capitalist holdings and all of the profits tnat accrue to its beneficiaries, comes from
this source alone. It is just as inevitable that capitalists and capitalist concerns, should manifest tho
same heartless cunning, lack of conscience and lack of scruple, in wrestling with each other over the division of the plunder, as they have
manifested towards the workers in
the seizing of it. The code of morals
and ethics that fits the one case, fits
the other.
And who asserts that the successful
ones in this business scramble are
criminals? Why, the unsuccessful
ones, of course. They who entered
into the game with the same zeal
and eagerness to increase their share
of the plunder as did the big fellows,
and who were beaten at their own
game. Like he who goes into a gambling house with the intention of
beating the game, and after losing
his money plays the baby act by
complaining  to  the  police that   tho i
commercial rating, and that without
them this value or worth would vanish into thin air. A concern may be
legitimately rated as worth a, million dollars, provided it stands in a
position to command the services of
workers whose capacity to produce
wealth is sufficient to enable it to
'pay all the expenses incurred in operating its business, aud leave a sur-
[plus large enough to pay the normal
rale of profit upon that sum. Under
such circumstances it may bo reudily
scon thut the capitalization of one
million dollars would be quite within
reason, as the stock or bonds oi such
a concern would be readily saleable
in the market at that figure, as a
sound, capitalist investment. Should
events so shape themselves, as for
instance, by the introduction of more
Highly perfected and powerful machinery into the process of wealth
production, or the finding of more
profitable markets, as to enable such
a concern to increase its rate of pro-
lit above the normal, its property
would tai.e on an increased value,
its stocks or bonds would be quoted
above par in the markets. To just
the extent of this increase of profit
would such a concern bo justified in
increasing its capitalization. It
might under such favorable circumstances become worth two millions
us against the former one million,
and that too without the addition
of a single dollar to the original investment.
To become a capitalist merely requires the securing of a position enabling the holder to command tlie
services) of working people, under
such circumstances as will enable him
to realize a s 111 plus out of the products of their labor, after all expense
of his operations has boon paid. That
which measures the value of capitalist holdings  then,  is the volume of
The Wall Street Journal is not a
Labor or a Populist paper, it is the
chief financial journal of the nation,
und the best edited. Summarizing
tho labor question this eminent business authority announces the following indisputable conclusion : "The
American capitalist, as a rule, understands the value of well-paid, contented labor. He nas discovered
that well-paid labor is more profitable than cheap labor, because well-
paid labor will produce more per
dollur of wages than poorly paid."
The American trades union is largely responsible for well-paid labor, as
well as the high standard of efficiency
and productive capacity.—Winnipeg
Voice.
There's logic for you.     "Well-paid,
contented   labor    is    more  profitable
than cheap labor,"   because it "will
produce  more   per  dollar    of  wage's
paid."    If this bo true, then it logically follows that,  measured by   results,   the  so-called  cheaper labor  is
the  better  paid  of  the  two.     If,    as
the Voice says, "the American trades
union is largely responsible for well-
paid labor, as well as the high standard  of efficiency and  productive capacity,"   then it  again  follows  that
all  it has  to its credit is the opening  of  a  wider margin  between  tne
price of labor-power and that of the
products  resulting from its expenditure.    To say the very least it would
be difficult to discover that any advantage hud been gained to the working class by such a result.    However
it will require something other than
mere assertion  to establish  the fact
Uiut   the   union  has  in  any   manner
been  responsible for  the greater efficiency rell'ered to.    This has undoubtedly fallen to the lot of the more efficient  ones in tho regular course  of
things,    opportunity  and  capability
cutting no small figure in the case.
learns to wear clothes It will help
our trade in textile fabrics. Later
on as he becomes more highly civilized and abandons his saVage ways,
a judicious purchase of Standard Oil
will provide him a light so he can
stay up and work nights This
would stimulate our export oil trade.
'Dint's the only way our glorious
civilization can be spread anyway.
Pious John should be given every
encouragement. We've a mind to
turn missionary ourself, and are only
deterred by the fact that there is an
ample supply of those scalawags already available.
HEATH  OP  THE  FACTORY GIRL.
Like a trampled dower she lay there.
In the cabin on the hill;
'Jennie's sick,"   said Tom, her brother,
To  the foreman of the mill.
Tossing in her restless" fever,
On a  blanket soiled and torn,
Lay this work-worn child of sorrow,
Eight sad years since she was born.
Then her feverish fancy wakened,
And her eyes grow wide with fear,
"Mamma,   hurry,   there's  the  whistle;
I'll  be late if  1 lie here.
"See  that   wheel   above  the  window!
What  11  big one!    See it whirl!
Mamma,  I'm so tired of working;
And   I'm  such  n  little girl.
"Can't  I have  a dolly,  mamma,
Like the one I saw one day?
Are there mills in heaven, too, mamma?
Won't Cod  let me run and play?
"See  how fast  the spools are spinning!
Faster,  faster!    Oh, my head!
Xo.  I  couldn't help it; no sir!
Please, I didn't break the thread !
"Oh, my finger's caught!   It's   bleeding!
Stop the wheels nnd let me go'.
Mamma,   quick,   tne  wheels  will   kill
me!
Stop it!    Oh,   it hurts me so!"
Then  the nngel   pnused no longer,
Fanned her with his cooling breath,
Touched her  tiny  heart  and  stopped
it,
Soothed  her   with  the peace  of
death.
—Herbert V.  Cnsson in N.Y.Journal.
 o	
THE ETHICS OF "SLUGGING."
tJaT° Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a cari
tinder this head. $1.00 per month-
Secretaries please note.
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, No. 1, S. P.
of B. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening In the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 818 Cambie street.
Educational meeting* every Sunday
evening at S o'clock In the Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
1. Edward Bird. a. 0. Brvdon-ucx
(iKO. K  McCkossan.
BIRO, BRYOON-JAGK ft McCROSSAN
BARHIHTKRH, SOLICITORS, etc
Railway Block.   Tel. R».   P.O. Box !>:«.
324 Hastings Stmt     -     ViKMvtr, B. C
When They Meet; Where They Mtc"
filed to place s card under t^M^St^ * I
month.    Secretaries please note. *** K
Phoenix Trades and Labor   rv   J
Meets every alternate vuS*
John Riordan, president- £aH
Brown, vice-president; p li"fl
casse sergeant-at-arms; W |{ r *•
bury, secretary-treasurer. P ,', ,?
108, Phoenix, B. C. lio'
Miners'   Union,   Jj
Phoenix
VV.  F.  M.    Meets    every s „„,.,'
evening at ;.•» o'clock in  Mi,di)
hall.   Wm. Barnett. present
ehle T. Barry, secretary.
°- l
Ar.
Nanmmo A/ineri" Union, No. i^l
F. M    meets every third Sa J'J
from July a. Alfred Andrew,, pj
idem; Jonathan Isherwood P1
Box 359, Nanaimo, B. C, Vecori
ing secretary. "'
The   International   Brotherhood m
Electrical Workers—Local No
Meets  second  and   fourth
,     ,    . "■  »•-■ W.  Hall. rJS
ingleside    Block.       President
days at I.
Ingleside
llluckstock; recording secret
McDougall;   financial   Secrets
Elsden.      Address   all
"••1
Or. W.J. Curry
DENTIST
Cor Burrard and Robson Sts
Willi  WOULD WISH  TO BE FREE?
It is alleged with some details thnt
in at least one instance the officers
of labor unions have hired a professional "slugger'' to "put out of
business"  an obnoxious "scab."
Assuming the statement to be true,
what position should we as Socialists take?
It is easy to be hysterical on eith-
es side of the question; it is not
i|iiite so easy to be rational. Still,
let us  try.
First, to clear the ground, let us
state that there is no moral difference in the act of slugging b.v police-
men and Cossacks, by strike-breakers
and deputies, or b.v union men and
their hired agents.
All these cases are alike in that
they nre incidents of a war, waged
after the methods current among our
respected ancestors of a few hundred
years ago.
The cause of such violence is simple in the extreme. Threaten to take
away the food of any animal that
has arrived at a certain complexity
of nerve structure, and it will fight,
if it thinks it has  a chanre to  win.
coiiiiinin|f|.i
tions to the hall. All sojounSI
brethren cordially invited. '
Thut  labor-power   of  high  efficiency   it   is  a matter  of   acquired  instinct,
should command a price in excess of I developed  through  natural  selection,
' not. at  all  a  matter of rational  decision.
cards were stacked or. the dice loaded |aurljlus valuc fleeced troln tne workr
these smaller fry capitalists play the I w'8' U that v°lwne be l«wg«-'» the
baby act  by  accusing   the  successful
ones of being criminals nnd swindlers.
And in very truth they are criminals
and swindlers nil, both big and little, but the crime nnd swindle of
which they nre equally guilty is perpetrated uuon the working class under
the guise of the wage system. In
the wake of this fundamental crime
all of their other alleged criminal
acts follow ns a logical sequence.
Capital cannot justify its existence
unless it be gathered into a mass of
sufficient magnitude to protect itself
against the onslaugnts of smaller
masses. To the former, the larger
mass of capital, the latter, the smaller act as veritable cockroaches, invading its domain and sapping its
substance. In obedience to the instinct of self-preservation it must, exterminate the cockroaches, by ousting the owners and absorbing their
Holdings, nnd to accomplish this UK-
holders of big capital are justified in
resorting to every trick, device and
method thut human incenuity can devise. The owners of big capital like
"Pious John's" crowd, for instance,
may comfort themselves with the as-
sturance that whatever means they
may have used in extermlnatlbg the
hungry  horde   of  cockroach   capital-
worth or capitalization of the concern in question, will be large, und
v ice versa, A concern that could employ, say but a dozen, workingmen,
would be worth but a trifling sum as
a capitalist Investment. Tho volume
of surplus value that it would be
possible to squeeze from such a limited number of employees would be
necessarily small. Ulpon the other
hand a concern like the United States
Steel Corporation that commands
the services of thousands of employees will reap a large volume of surplus value, and in consequence its
capitalization will be expressed in
millions of dollars.
Without the work/men, the value of
capitalist, property vanishes, and con
only be replaced by their return.
Stock, bonds and title deeds of capitalist property are only evidences of
command over the services of working people, They are the modern
evidence of mastery over slaves, and
when one of them points with pride
to the large capitalization and extensive holdings of the particular
concern he serves, ho is merely call-
in" attention to tho fact thnt it is
an exploiter of wage slaves upon a
large scale. Were he conscious of
the fact, and that he was one of tne
that of less efficiency is as inevitable
as that any goods of high quality
should command a better price than
those of poorer grade.
The logic of both the Wall Street
Journal and the Winnipeg Voice appears to be somewhat illogical and
out of joint. But then "logic is logic," and as all sorts and kinds are
ottered, the reader can pay his money
and  take his choice.
THE KISKS OF CAPITAL.
During 1003 there were 1,7(30
deaths in and about American coal
mines (not including the unavailable
returns of Kentucky and Maryland).
The fatal accident rate was 3.111 per
l.uuo employees, against an average
of 2.91 for the ten-year period of
1894-1908, showing on actual as well
as a material increase in the ratio
of fatalities in mining operations.
'Ihe actual number of deaths is probably from S to 10 per cent, larger,
because casualties are not reported
for the smaller mines, and deaths resulting from accidents after a long
illness ure not reported to the authorities. During the past twenty
years over 50 per cent, of the accidents were caused by falls.
In the coal mines of Great Britain
there were 1,049 fatalities in 1904,
against 1,072 io 1903. Falls of
ground accounted for 48.71 per cent,
of the deaths, injuries by mine cars
or trams, shaft accidents, explosives
and fire-damp explosions were Uie
other chief causes.—Engineering and
Mining Journal.
All of which goes to Show ,the terrible risks  taken by capitalists.
So it is with the unionist. His
food supply is threatened and he
fights.     likewise  the capitalist.
But is the action of the unionist
to be praised or blamed? Now the
moral Quality of an action turns on
whether it helps or hurts the general happiness. And it is for the cen-
eral hnpniness that, capitalist class
rule be destroyed nnd eounlity be established hy the working class, nnd
if "slug"-i'n:r" tended to bring this
nbout more sneedily It should be
praised.
Tlul   it doesn't.
Which side hns more money to nnv
R]nn>gY>rR, the unions or the emriloy-
m-s? Whjrn side run rnll on tho no-
lire, the courts, the mlHHft, the rp-
rrnln>- n''tn«'.  In nsslst In this "edurn-
vnr
I.T
And what about tbe missionaries?
Somebody has got to pay their salaries. They are deserving men, and
no laborer is more worthy of his
hire than he who, at tho riskj of his
life, teaches the wild, ferocious savage, dancing nuked in his shameless
land, to dress himself up and act
like a Christian.
Why should not Rockefeller help
pay the salaries of these good men
if his conscience, or what is more
likely, the mild good nature of a
quiet old man, impels him to do so?
—Evening Journal, N. Y.
And why not ?     As    the   savage
I ,V\nnl
Tin- -'n--nr| nOVjplc \rhn nrlont (titq
mrwtn '-f (cnrrnre nrn nlff.vinc dirnctlv
tnln   tbe    tipn'tc      nf   the   cn'MtaMsfa
Nothing would suit the purposes of
the associated employers so well as
to have the issue fought out b.v physical force, been use they know thnt.
nil the available military power of
the TTnited Stales would be at their
disposal.
Therefore we sny that "slugging"
is n  bad thing for the laborers.
Vet if we accept the position of
tho "pure and simple" trade unionist,  it  is the logical "Ihlng to do.
Yet if wo accept the rroslfl'on of
tho "philosophical anarchist" It is
highly commendable.
Tf wo ncopnt tho noslflon of tho
''imnosslblist" who holds that the
ballot Is of no further use tnan a
monns of counting noses, then "slugging" must bo directly in the line of
evolution
But ns Tntornntionnl Socialists, wo
hold thnt in n count ry where the laborers have tho ballot, tho ballot Is
their logical weapon. T,ot thorn elect
officers of thoir own clnss, nnd tho
next strike need not fail,—Charles H.
Kerr,  in  Chicago  Socialist.
 o	
Tn describing the mining camp of
Ifefcur, ft ah, a writer in the Minors' Magazine remarks that, "the
spiritual needs of the camp are attended 'o in n kind of a way by two
churches, Mormon and Methodist,
and four saloons, denomination unknown." These facilities should be
ample to satisfy the spiritual needs
of 1,200 people.  	
"In Zanzibar and i'emba slaves are
very slow to tuke advantage of the
regulations that give them Uie right
to claim their freedom," says a traveller: "They realize that so long
as they are used well their position
is superior to that of tne man whose
freedom is his sole asset. I have
found the same attitude in North
Africa. From Morocco to Tripoli
one sees most' uf the slaves content
and flourishing. The famine, the .0-
cusls, the drought, and the tax-collector have no terror for them. Work
keeps them healthy, they have enough
to eut unci drink, and the future has '
no meaning at all. There is promotion, there is conlidential missions to
governors aud friends that elevate a
slave, if only in the eyes of his fellows; and there is always a chance
of manumission when the owner dies
and wishes lo have some good deeds
recorded in the books of Islam's recording angels." The while man
with his glorious freedom, whom his
masters turn onto 'the streets as soon
as wage-slavery has enfeebled him,
can look down with lofty scorn upon
these poor, ignorant blacks, who prefer to be .slaves and live, than be
"free" and starve.—Justice.
 o—————
The number of immigrants entering
the United States during 1904 won
812,870, a record which promises to
be broken during the present year.
On May 7, ten liners arriving at
New Vork brougnt in 12,039, chiefly
Italians. Collier's refers to this as
the "importation of human beings,"
and is rather inclined to question the
advisability of carrying it on upon
such a wholesale scale. It may be
well to mention that Uie dominant
class in the States is directly interested in providing a plentiful supply
ol labor-power so that it may be
able to purchase this needful commodity at a minimum price. So long
as the motive prompting these wholesale importations remains, they will
continue to be made, and besides,
are not the steamship lines turning
an honest penny out of the traffic?
 o	
lb-ports from local unions made to
the convention of the United Mine
Workers at Massilloh, Ohio, recently, showed the average wage of the
coal miners to be $2.30 per day, and
that they got a chance to work an
average of 191 days during the year.
This gave them the stupenduous sunn
of $151 per year, or $8.65 per week.
N'o wonder the Ohio coal miners indulge in automobiles, champagne and
other extravagances.
ESTABLISHED
The VOICE
The Oldest Labor Paper it Canada
Always a fearless* exponent in tlie
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will I*
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen of all countries will
soon recognize ihe fact that they
must r-ipport and read their labot
papers.
Issued every Friday.
Tbe Voice Publishing Co., Limited
WINNIPEG, MAN.
-THE-
Miners'Magazine|
Published Weekly  by  the
Western Federation Of Miners
A  Vigorous Advocate of Labor 1
Cause.
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.       Six Months, Afc|
Address:
MINERS' MAGAZINE,
Denver, Colorado.
SMOKE
Kurtz's Own
Kurtz's Pioneers
Spanish Blossoms
C. PETERS prac,,cal 6o0'
v.  ri.ii.na   a«»J Shoe Maktr
Hsnd-Msde Boots ami Shots to order 111
sll styles.   Rrpsirine promptly and v> ally done.     Stock  of staple  ready-msdr
Shoes always on haud.
MM Weitaiistar an.      Mouit Plciuit
TAKE YOUR HAT TO THE
NAT HOSPITAL
ISS Coriovt Street
And   have   It   rejuvenated   with  ne»
life.   Old Hats Cleaned,  Pressed anil
Made  as  Oood  as     New    b.v expert |
workmen and at moderate cost.
Elijah Leard.
THE  MODERN   HAT   RESTOBER
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUll HAT see to It ttat
the (ienulne Union Label 1* sewed In It. If a retail"
has loose label* In his poaseaaion and offers to l'ut
one In a hat for you, do not patronize him. boo*
labels In retail stores are counterfeits. The k*"uI>"
Union Label la perforated on four edges, exactly tw
asms as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are »'""*
times perforated on three edges, and aouie time* "llly
on two. John B. Stetson Co., of Phil adelpnia I" '
non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOKK1TT, President, Orange. N. J.
MARTIN    LAWLOK.    Secretary,    ll   W averly     I'1"*
New York.
OUR   UNABRIDGED   DICTIONARY.
Cafe (n). From the Hindu caf (a
robber's cavef; a place where 6 cents'
wortn of tomato is sliced into a 30
cent order. A meeting place for couples putting up a big front. Hence,
tne wedge between a fool and his
money.
Cemetery fn). A rendezvous for
mortals  not  otherwise engaged.
Christian (n). Any human being
who can listen to a choir every Sunday; hence, a martyr.
Conscience (n). The only wine that
becomes impaired with age.—Milwaukee Sentinel.
MARRYING  ON  CREDIT.
Rev. Mr. Williams was the congw
gational minister in the village w
Winslow, Maine, several years ag0;
One evening four younc people cal1™
at the parsonage. Two of ",c"
wished to be married.
The papers in  the case were led"1,
so Mr.  Williams performed  the ' 1"^
mony.     The  other  couple  acted   *
bridesmaid    and     best     man.    ,l
groom was the son of a well ktio»
man in town, and as tne happy '"'
pie were leaving tho parsonage
young  man    whispered    to  Mr.
Hams:
"Just charge It to lather, v**30*
It will be all right."
till! ^%
Lturday
May 37, 1905
THE WESTERN OLARION. VAWOOPVER. B. 0.
Lighter Vein
Humor, Wit and Satire from
Paite, Scissors and Brush.
ANTHEM.
i , in0-Hehold my new hat.
Krtette—Her new hat, tier new hat,
nPi- new hat.
-It   is   a   fright,   a   fright,    a
fright I
prauo—It's a Joy unto  the  sight,
wo—You are a peach In your new
I hat.
Lor—I've  got   my  thoughts  as  to
J that . A'
U-o thank you, thank you, thank
Tyou.
Drano—It cost me more than any
J here.
|o—That's very queer,  that s very
] queer.
irtette—0 hear, O hear, O hear!
|0_! priced it myself.
When it lay on the shelf,
And 1 know, and I know
That the price was quite low-
Much lower than mine,  indeed.
trano—Indeed!    INDEED !
-Yes, yes,  indeed!
frano—You hateful old thing.
n—It's the style of last Bpring.
Ko—Hush, hush !
jor—Tush, tush !
Irano—0, very well,  then,  I'll re-
|sign
her hat is as nice as mine,
b—Alas!   I grieve to see you go—
But my hat was highest,, tho'.
rtette— Now  all  is joy,  now  all
lis peace!
flling out  ye bells and  glad    the
air!
b—Such hats as yours are five a-
piiccc!
Irano—It's  no  such thing  at  all!
So there !
-Hush,  hush!
or_Tush,  tush!
rti-tte- And     now    let    stillness
fcoothe the air,
Vhile silver bells in gladness ring
bur hearts aro free from hate or
care,
rano and   Alto—I   think  you   are
hateful  thing!
j-tct to—(Crescendo)
\s it was  in  the beginning,
now and ever shall be,
IVorld without end !
  o
SCHOOLROOM HUMOR.
. A REAL UOOJD JOKL.
hy  did  you   stay  away  yester-
Jiramy?,'  said the teacher to a
who replied,  "Please,  sir,  muv-
111."     "Oh,   that's  bad,"   said
■teacher.    "What does the doctor
|il is?"   .limmy—"Please, sir, it's
il."   Thus    opens   "Schoolroom
or." by  Ur.   Marnnmara,  M.P.
91 of the stories are of the pres-
snoration,     A  little girl  volun-
[d the information that  the snow
swept out of heaven. "Hut how
it get into heaven?" asked the
"Please,    sir,    the     angels
ih it  olT their wings,"  said  the
train of  a  child's  thought    Is
very curious,  as in  the case of
oy who,  ill  answer to the (pies-
"Why   wns   Eli.sha  sorry   when
|Slmmuniic°s son was dead?"  re-
"Because he didn't  like  being
■ lone with a widow."
line   excellent   mathematical   an-
js  are   also   given   in   this   book,
-sample,  "Things which are dou-
ciiih other are greater than any-
i'Isc";    "Two     straight    lines
ii   enclose  a   space unless   they
■crooked";  and  ns an example of
Jxiorn, "When  you are in the mid-
yoii nre half-way over."
parents of the children also
irlbute to school humor. At
br a parent, wrote: "Dear miss,
bc excuse niary being late as she
been out  on a herring."
 -o :	
A  PERILOUS TOWN.
irney Olffield,    the   automobilist,
tulking  about  a  trip    that    he
I made through Manitoba.
The most dangerous town in Min-
ta," he saHd,  "is Brandon.   Har-
te is near   Hrandon,  and  on  tbe
kirts of Hargrave, in front of a
'• inn, I dismounted,
found  in  the inn the landlord
another man.    They sat side by
on  a  bench.      They   were  both
old.
'Excuse   me,    landlord,'  I   said,
<an you  tell  me how far it is
Irandon?'
Hie old man jumped up and hob-
behind the bar.
'Brandy?' he suid In a thin qua-
'Ves, indeed, sir, and very fine
icly it is.'
'•' put up a bottle and glass heme.
1 asked you,'  I said, more loud-
linw far jt is to Brandon.'
The best brandy, of course, sir,'
• nswered. 'I don't keep nothing
Ihe best.'
n despair I turned from this deaf
'an to the other old mun on the
h.
'Look hero,' I said, 'can you tell
how fur it is to Hrandon?'
I no   other   man   with   a  grateful
• rose and limped hastily to the
Thanks,' he said, 'I don't care if
NO NEED OF THANKS.
There is a lot of humor in the idua
of getting things so arranged that
one cun annually share the harvest
of a great army of diligent producers
without being constrained to share
their labors. Every one who lays up
some money approaches a little nearer to the position that is essential
to the enjoyment of that joke. When
we get ten thousand dollars ahead,
it entitles us to the proceeds of
about one plain man's work. A hundred thousand dollars means perpetual command of about ten plain
men's energies. A million mean* a
hundred workers ; a hundred million
means ten thousand workers, more
or less, whose product is credited ta
us. There's nothing new about it.
So the world has gone ever since
time immemorial,but when the figures
get very big they look very odd. Mr.
Rockefeller, for instance, is sometimes said to be a billionuire. If so,
all the wealth that about a hundred
thousand workingmen produce is
credited every year to his account.
And Dr. Gladden insists that the product of the hundred thousand is all
bad money, and can't be given to
missions because it has once been set
down to Mr. Rockefeller's account.
Isn't that rather hard on the hundred thousand workers who have
sweated liberally to produce the
money?—Life.
NO   CHANGE.
They had been engaged three years,
but there seemed no indications that
the good ship Matrimony was hovering in the oiling. She was getting
restless, but when she touched the
subject he dexterously turned the conversation.
Recently he turned it off to physiology, a science of which he was a
student.
"Yes," he said airily, "it is a
strange but well-authenticated fact
that the whole of the human body
changes every seven years: You, my
dear, are Miss Jones now. In seven
years you will have changed completely. Not a particle of your present self will be left; but, all the
same, you will still be Miss Jones."
"Oh, shall I?" snid the angry damsel, tugging away at Ihe third finger-
uf her left hand. 1 assure you 1
won't, if 1 have to marry a dustman! of all the cool Impudence—
Here, take your ring, and I never,
never want to see you again!"—The
Week.
 o	
"MDDDER    STILL    WORKIN',"
" elderly clergyman who attended
"aptist ministers' meeting in
ndelphla last week told of an oc-
°n during tho past winter when
Joke was on Wm. It was a very
1 day, and tho sidewalks being
r'"ry the clergyman had some
"We in walking. When he came
' >e steps of his residence he tried
■hmb them, but was unable to do
because of the thick coating of
A little boy passing along the
ft lent his arm to tho old man,
lN'ing him to the top step, and
1 was about to run away, when
was called back and thanked.
'- "on t mention it," said the boy.
am used to that. My father
fes home that way almost every
"Me  ladder struck,  away  Inst  June,
nn hasn't   turned  a  lick—
He hasn't  even cleaned  the clay  that
stuck  onto  his  pick,
He  didn't   like  the    wages    dat  day
chucked  inter his mitt—
I   guess  dnt's  whnt   de  trouble  vvuz,
but anyhow, he quit;
But, say, 1 guess the tambly's in the
biggest   kind   of  luck—
Do Ole man's in de walkout,  but mo
muddcr hasn't struck.
Me sister she was vvoikin'  in n place
dat sells quick lunch,
lie  boss  tie  makes  some  kicks,    nnd
den starts trouble wit de bunch.
Dey all goes out,  an'  won't go back
—you  oughter  talk  tor Liz—
She's   makin'     speeches    ever'wheres
about de strikin' biz.
Hat's all she does—just, chews do fat
about de moneyed duck,
Hut still  we're eat in'  regular,  'cause
me mudder hasn't struck.
Me brudder Bill—he's strikin' too-
been out  since May de first;
He says de slob dat takes his job is
lookin'  for de worst.
Dey wants him back, but, no, be gee!
He says dat he won't stand
For vvoikin' dare, unless de boss will
fire some other man.
I'm strikin' too; I hops de bells, an'
wants anudder buck,
Rut here at homo we's eat in' 'cause
me mudder hasn't struck,
Well, say! Now on de square, its fun
to hear me brudder Hill
An'  sister Liz an'  de ole man start
up a talkin'  mill,
About how  dey'vo    stopped   woikin'
just, tor teach de udder dubs,
An' all do time me mudder keeps a-
hustlin'   at de tubs.
I  likes  do ole  man's  backbone,    but
likes mo mudder's pluck—
1  guess  we'd  all   be    hungry  if  mo
mmlder'd gone an' struck."
—Selected.
 o	
AMERICAN   HUMOR.
THE VANDERB1LT HOUSES.
The  Vanhsrbllt horses have nighties,
The automobile  dogs  wear glasses,
And  the millionaire's cats now  wear
cute  little  hats
And travel on Pullman's in passes.
The lapdogs of Paris wear rubbers,
Pet  monkeys  have  appendicitis,
But the pick of the lot is this latest
—Great Scott!
Tne  Vanderbilt  horses wear nighties!
II.
The Vanderbilt horses wear nighties,
(The girl horses do, but the males,
To be told from their mammas, have
silken pyjamas
With   cute  little    holes    for   their
tails).
In fact all  the  things that  the   400
have
They give  to  their blue-ribbon
horses,
And  I  guess  the next  thing I shall
hear of,  by .ling!
They   will   furnish   them   all    with
divorces!
 o —
WOULD CHANCE HER MIND.
WHAT A  SON!
Two passengers traveling north, according to the London Globe, got
into conversation, and one was most
attentive to the other, pressing cigars, papers and refreshments upon
him. Their destination was the
same town, and No. 1 asked where
his travelling companion intended to
put up. The latter replied: "The
George." He said: "Oh, don't bother about a hotel; come to my place
for the night." This completed No.
2's astonishment at such extraordinary gushing kindness, nnd he felt impelled to ask tho reason for such unlooked-for hospitality, but was uncomfortably enlightened by his
would-be host replying' "My wife
says I nm tho ugliest man in the
world, and I just want her to have
a look at you."
 o	
SATIATED.
Thomas W. Lawson said the other
day of a stock manipulator whose
methods he proposed to expose: "He
is like a Paint Rock farmer, and 1
shall be like the farmer's son. Only
1 shall act deliberately, whereas the
son was blundering.
"This lad in the wheat season
drove up to the miller's and submitted a handful  of wheat.
"The miller studied the wheat attentively,  and  then said  to the boy:
" 'How much has your father got
of this?'
" 'He ain't got no more like it,'
the boy answered. 'He's been all
mornin' pickin'  that out.' "
MOVING   DAYS.
Cold  was she and very proud;
Very  proud  and   very  fair.
She'd   refused   a   duke  or   two,
Tossed aside a millionaire.
Lovers sought her hand in vain.
She in turn  refused each plea,
As she suid with icy lips,
"There  is  no  man can move me."
But,  alas!  for her proud boast,
There   came   ono   in   baggy  clothes,
With red  whiskers on his chin
And a big   wart on his nose,
And he moved   hor  right  away.
Did   this  bravo  nnd  homely  man.
Not a millionaire  was he.
But a driver of a van.
 o	
NOT TRUE TO NATURE.
First a woman gets^in  trouble,  then
a  man  is in  a  fix.
Then    divorces,    fouls    and    lawyers
have  a  lovely  little mix;
Till   your   brain     to   follow     details
doth   emphatically  refuse
And your  mind   is  in  a  muddle o'er
the New
York
News.
For  no   sooner     doth    one    scandal
'neath   the  calcium  appear
Than   the  entrance   of  a  worse    one
sends the other to the roar;
Not. content with  coming singly, then
they conn- by threes and twos
Till   the  press   is  fairly   glutted   with
the New
York
News.
Of    chorus    pirls   nnd   female   rrooks
I've had about, enough,
Likewise  or  foolish   millionaires  and
all  that sort of stuff; I
I've  no   wish   to   mar  your  pleasure;
ynii can road  it  if you choose,      !
But   I'm getting  weary  of the
New-
York       I
News.
Mark Twain was visiting H. H.
Rogers, who led the humorist into
his library.
"There," he said, as he pointed to
a bust of white marble, "what do
you think of that?"
It was a bust of a young woman
coiling hor hair.
Mr. Clemens looked nt it a moment,  and  then he said:
"It isn't true to nature."
"Why not?" Mr.  Rogers asked.
"Sho ought to have her mouth full
of hairpins."
 o	
"The C. P. R. is perfectly willing
to co-operate in any feasible immigration scheme, whether it be under
government auspices or not," says
Thomas Shaughnessy. Nothing
strange about that. Never knew ol
a capitalist concern that was not
"perfectly willing to ca-operate" in
any skin game that promised returns.
Feasible is good, it's quite suggestive.
 o	
So the employers declare for "no
closed shop," eh? Well, so does the
■Socialist, and in order that the shop
may always be open to the working
people it will be necessary for them
to take tho key away from the useless nnd parasitical class lhat now
holds it. There is easily a sufficient
number of workers to attend to that
little formality  in  the near future.
Tho   form   "a   little   behind   hand" j
refers to tho hand vviith which a lady
holds   up    hor    dress    skirt,    but,   of ,
course, does not apply when the hand i
is a big one.
There are ipiite a number of Clarion subscribers whoso subs expire
within tho next few weeks. If they
wish to receive the paper without a
break thoy should renew in time, as
all papers are dropped at expiration
of subscription. Examine number on
address slip. When it corresponds
with number of the paper your sub
has   expired.
 -o	
A sub., accompanied by a most
cheering letter comes down from
Comrade Upton of Texuda Island.
Upton is buth zealous and earnest in
pushing the propaganda along.
PLATFORM OF THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
[heiress who lived in Dubuque
courted and won by a duque,
"  the nobleman gay
Jide hor woalth fade away,
she had to go out as a cuque.
Prof. H. G. Lord, of Columbia,
was tulking in Philadelphia about
American  Humor.
"Our typical humor," he said, "is
not perhaps, subtle. It is too
young to be subtle. But It is very
much alive, and very rich and fertile.
"There is a story about absent-
minded people that is, I think, a
good example of American humor,
It runs,  in short passages like this:
"A woman put her baby's dirty
clothes in the cradle and the baby
in the wash tub. Sho didn't discover nor mistake till the child cried
when she pinned its left leg to the
lino as she hung it out to dry.
"A man, about to go for a ride,
clapped the saddle on nis own back.
He didn't, discover his mistake till
ho became exhausted with trying to
mount himself.
"Another man put his dog to bed
and kicked himself downstairs. Ho
didn't discover his mistake till ho
began to yelp and the dog began to
snore.
"A doctor put a fee in a patient's
hand and took the medicine himself.
He didn't discover his mistake till
the patient got well and he became
ill."
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
ii; conventi rn a fembled, affirm ou'
Jlegiance to and support of the principles and prog.am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should ;uctly belong.. To '.ne
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecoiirmic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, < t capitalist property in
the means oi wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
ai possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
role of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands In such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
alone.
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Feed INTERNATIONAL STOCK
and Poultry Food to obtain
best   results.
SCOTT   &   PEDEN
FLOUR, FEEO HAY ANO GRAIN
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
COMRADES, strike, at the ballot
box on Klection day, and be aure
to strike  the
Rock Bay Hotel
When  In  Victoria.
ARNASON BrtOS., Proprietors
Colonial Bakery
29 Johnson  .St.,   Victoria.  B.C.
UNION-MADE BREAD UNO CAKES
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>♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦♦•»♦♦♦•»♦»»♦♦
PAYING HIGH PRICES
BECOMES MONOTONOUS
IfJ HASHES'FAIRS
71 Govermieit Street, Victoria, 6. C.
Change
Wealth does not  belong to the pro- I
diici-r   thereof,   but   by    the   rules   of
common decency  it   should.
 o	
A slave is ono who is forced to surrender his labor-power to another in
order to obtain sustenance for himself.
 o	
Tho Ci-rnifin Emperor has sent a
commission to say nice things to tho
Sulian of Morocco. The Sultan had
better secrete his valuables.
 o	
HO subs in one bunch came in from
the Comox district  on May 25.   This
is  some  of  Comrade  Harry   nibble's
work.     He is a great sub. hustler.
 o	
While the United States government expends a considerable amount
in bringing the bones of 1'aul Jones
from Franco, numerous "Cotters'
lielils'' are affording storage faciities
for tho bones of defunct working people who havo been made paupers under tho stars and stripes.
 o —
Tho United Slates Treasury promises to show a deficit for the fiscal
your of at least $25,000,000. In
th^se days of prosperity and high
wages the American workingmen
ought certainly to be able to loan
Uncle Sam this trilling sum to tide
him over tin- difficulty. And besides
they might to be patriotic enough to
do it.
   o	
Comrade ('. M. O'Brien has again
been heard from, this time from Montreal, lb- reports that city as a
fruitful place for propaganda, and
many workers already interested.
He is to remain there for several
days and meetings have been arranged for, of which he will make report
later un. lie goes from there to his
old  homo nt   Combermere,  Ontario.
As the result af trouble existing
between tho Sailors' Union and the
Longshoremen's Union, a fierce battle ncciii'i'il on tho dock of the steamer Centennial, at Tacoma, Wash., on
May 17. Twelve men are reported
as badly boa ton. and three are
thought to be drowned. The slaves
ore indeed loading tho strenuous life
in thoir struggle for jobs. The row
occurred' over the handling of the
ship's  cargo.
AS A WORKING TOOL
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the information sought and it never over-
whelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pupil, the student and the litterateur, there
is nothing better; it covers everything.
The New and Enlarged Edition recently Issuer, has 25,000 new words and phrases, a completely revised Biographical Dictionary and
Gazetteer of the World, 2380 pages and 8000
Illustrations.
Our inline Is on the title-pages of all tbe
am In-iiiic dictionaries of the Webster series.
LET US SEND YOU FREE
"A Test In Pronunciation" which affords •
pleasant and instructive evening's entertain
ment.   Illustrated pamphlet also free.   '
G. 4 C. MEKKIAM CO., Pubs., Springfield, ]
It is rumored that that fossilized
institution known as the House of
Commons at Ottawa is liable to ah-
journ next month. Whether it does
or not is an inconseiniental matter.
A few Socialist members are neehed
there to stir up Ihe dry bones.
 o	
Owing ,«> the pressure of work in
this ofbee the publication of "Wage-
Labor and Capital," in pamphlet
form ns promised some time since,
has been delayed. It is now ready
for the press and will be out shortly. Those who have ordered copies
will please take notice. Thoir orders
will be filled at earliest possible moment.
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in 	
3,
Local.
.Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spretnacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and nil other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Applicant	
Address	
L
Occupation  	
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Local >9-
 Chairmas         Rec.-Sec.
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The Western Clarion
165 HASTINCS STREET
P 0. BOX 836
VANCOUVER, B. C.
ticularly equipped for Just sucn work.
Also anything In the way of office
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order.
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i$ THE WESTERH OLAKION, VJJfCOTJVgt, B. 0.
SATURDAY
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A Chapter from "Capital"
Ihe Buying arid Selling ot Labor-Power
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
VANCOUVER LOCAL
In order to modify the human organism, so 'but 11 may acquire skill
and haiullmsss in a given branch of
iuit..'.-_,. aod if< oiuu tabor-powat -ji
a apa iai kind, a special education
or training Is requisite, ond tins, on
its part, coftlh an equivalent in cun
mouiiiu» oi u. greater oi law awiouu'..
'ibis  in:,', ,i,'   Varies  avoiding   to   the
more or less, complicated charactet
of the labor-power, ihe expenses ot
tbl» (excessively small in the ta»e ol
ordinary labor-power;, enter pro
UtBUl into the 'otai value spent in
its  prodtli Hon.
The value of labor-power resolves
Itself into the value of a debiiite
Huttutity uf the means of subsistence,
it therefore varies with the value ot
iliese ffTTflBf.   Or   with   thi-  ipjantily   ol
lubor requisite [or ih-u production.
Bona ot the inc-arm af subsistence,
hucb us food und fuel, un; consumed
daily. Others, such as clothes and
furniture last for longer periods ami
require to be replaced only ut longer
Intervals one article must be
bought or paid bn -holy, another
weekly, another ijuarlerly, and .soon.
But in whatever wa> tne sum total
oi these outlays mag be spread ovm
the   yeai,    they   iihi-.i    lie   lon-nd    bi
the average Income, taiing one da>
with  another,     if   the   total  of  the
Commodities required daily for the
production of labor-power ei|uul A,
and those required weekly equal B,
and those required quarterly equal
C, and so on, the daily average of
taese commodities equals (265A plus
.0211 plui 10) divided by 366, Suppose that in this muss oi commodities requisite lor the average day
there are embodied <i hours of social
labor, then there is Incorporated
duily in labor-power hull u day's average hocial labor, in other words,
half a day's labor is requisite for
thj daily production of labor-power.
Tills quantity of labor forms the Value of a day's labor-power or the
value of the labor-power duily reproduced. If half u day's average social labor iu incorporated In three
shillings, then three shillings is the
price corresponding to the value of
a day's lubor power. If its owner,
therefore, offers It for sale at three
shillings u day, its selling puce is
equul to Its valuo, und according to
our supposition, our friend Honey-
bags, who is intent upon converting
hii, three shillings into cupitul, pays
this value.
Tne minimum limit of the value of
labor-power is determined by the
value of commoilities, without tne
duily supply of winch the laborer
cannot renew his vital energy, consequently by the value of those means
of subsistence that are physically In-
dlspensiblo, " the price of labor-
power full lo this minimum, it fulls
below its value; since under hucIi circumstances it. cun be maintained and
developed only in a crippled stale.
iiut the value of every commodity is
determined by the labor requisite to
turn It out so us lo be of normal
quality.
it is a very cheap sort of sentimentality which declares this method
of determining the value of lubor power, a method prescribed by the very
nature of the case, to be a brutul method, and which wails wiln Hossi
that, "to comprehend capacity for
labor at tho same lime that we make
abstraction from the meuns of subsistence of the laborers during the
process of production, is to comprehend a phantom. When wo speak
of lubor, or capacity for labor, we
speak ut the sumo time ol the la-
boror and Iuh means of subsistence,
of laborer and wages." VVnen we
speak of capacity for lubor, wc do
not  speak   of   labor,   uny   more   than
when we speak of capacity for digestion, we speak of digestion. Thelul-
tor process roqulros nothing more
than    a   good    stomach.       When    we
speak of capacity for labor, we do
not abstract from ihe necessary
inouns of subsistence. On the con
urnry, their value is expressed in its
vitlue. If Ii ih capacity for labor remains unsold, the laborer derives no
benefit   from  It,   but   rather he will
fuel   il   In   be  a  cruel   nature-Imposed
necessity Hint thiH capacity Iiuh cost
.ur Its production a definite amount
of the moans of subsistence, and that
it. will continue to do so for Its reproduction, He will then agree with
Sesmondl:  "thai  capacity for labor
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Orop in and see our splendid assortment
>f read ing mutter. Try our book
esrhaiigc. Return two old books mid
i ec.'lve one new one.
E. GALLOWAY
VANCOUVER. H. C.
911 Abbott Strait       Vancouver, B. C.
Mail orders promptly attended to
. . . i* nothing unless it ia *oid."
one ■ on equence of the pe-
• ul,ui nature ol labor-power
us a commodity is. that n-s
use-value does not, on the conclusion
of the contract between buyer and
heller. Immediately pa.-.s into the
bands ot the former. Its value, like
that of ever} other commodity, is already fixed before it go'-s Into circulation, since a definite quantity of
hocial labor hah been spent upon il,
but its use-value consists in the subsequent exercise of its force. Tbe
alienation of labor-power and its actual appropriation bj the buyer, its
employment an a use-value, are separated by an interval of time. But
m those cases in winch tne formal
alienation b;, sale of tr»- use-value ol
a commodity' is not simultaneous
witii the actual didiverj lo ihe buyer, the moil'-.', ol the latter usually
inn' iions a.-, a means oi payment.
In every countr) in which the capi-
Lalist mode ul production reigns, il
is ihi- custom not to (iay lor labor-
I,-,-...■.- before ii has been exercised
for ihe period Used by tne contract,
,, .-,1 example, the end of each week,
in ail cases, therefore, the use-value
ui 'be labor-pow -r is advanced lo tbe
capitalist Ihe laborer allows Uie
buyer to consume ii before he receives
payment   ol   'lie   puce;   ne   every where
gives credit to the capitalist, lhat
this  credit  is    no    mere    fiction,   Is
she.'.ii not only oy the occasional
Ions   Ol    WaguS   on    lie:   l,al»w uptcy    ol
uie capitalist, out aiso py a series
of more enduring consequences. Nevertheless, whetner money serves as
a means of pun base or as a means
of pus men i. mis muses no alteration
in iin.- nature oi tho tixctiangu oi com-
iiio.iii.ies. i.e.- i'ii -■ o. unu laooc-
power is fixeo by the contract, although it is not realized till late>,
liKe tin- rem ol a house. Tho labor-
power    is    solo,    UllllOUgU    II    lb    Olili
puiu for at. u later period, it will,
therefore, In- useful, lor a clear comprehension   -if    the     relation     oi     the
parties, to assume provisionally, that
itie possessor oi tabor-power, un me
occasion oi each saie. Immediately
receives the price stipulated to be
paid for it.
VVe now Know Inlw I lie value paid
by i be purchaser lo me possessor oi
tins pei uiiiii commodity, laborrpow-
i-i •, is determined. The use-value
widen the former gets In exchange,
manifests itsoil only in the actual
usufruct, in the consumption ai me
labor-power, tne money-owner buvs
every tiling necessary lor tnis purpose, such us raw material, in the
market, and pays for It ut Its iun
value, ihe consumption of labor-
powei' is i ompicii'U, us in the case
oi every other commodity, outside
the limits of tho market, or of the
sphere of circulation. Accompanied
by Ali-. Moneybags und by the possessor oi labor-power, we therefore
take leave lor u i line ol this noisy
sphere, where everything tukes place
on tin- surface und in view of ull
men, and lollow them both into the
hidden abode oi production, on whose
threshold there stales us in the fuce:
"No admittance except on business."
Here we shull see, not only how cupitul produces, but how capital is produced, eiu shull at last force the
secrot of profit-making, .
This sphere that, we ure deserting,,
within whose boundaries the sale anil
purchase of labor-power goes on, is
in fait a very Eden of the innate
rights oi mini. There alone rule
Freedom, Equality, Property and
lleni hum. I'Ycedom, because both
buyer and seller of a commodity, say
of labor-poweri are constrained only
by their own free will. They contract as li  agents, and the agreement they cuiiie to, is Jmt the form
in which they give legal expression
to their common will. Equality!because each enters into relation with
the other, as with a simple owner of
commodities, and I hey exchange equivalent for equivalent. Property, because each possesses only of what is
his own. Iti-nIiiuin. becuuse each
looks   only     In     himself.     The    only
force thai brings them together ami
puts Ibciii iii reini inn with ouch other,
is tin- selfishness, the gain and the
private Interests of each, Bach
looks to himself only, mid no one
troubles himself about the rest, und
iusi because (hoy do mi. do they all
in accordance with Lho prc-oslab-
lish'-d harmony of things, or under
tin- auspices of mi all-shrewd providence, work ingot Iter to their mutual advantage, for ihe common wool
itiul  in  tin-  interest   uf nil.
On leaving this sphere of simple
circulation or of exchange of commodities, which furnishes the "Freetrader Vulgaris" with his views nnd ideas
and with ihe standard by which ho
Judges ii society bused on cupitul
and wages, we think we cun preceive
a change in the physiognomy of our
ilrnmutis personim. lie, who before
was tne money owner, now strldei
in front as capitalist; the possessor
of labor-power follows as a laborer.
The one with an air of importance,
Smirking, Intent oh business; the
other timid nnd holding back, like
One who is bringing his own hide to
market and has nothing to expect
but—a  hiding.
MEETINGS
are held every Sunday Evening at S o'clock
In SULLIVAN HALL, COROOVA ST.
ALL ARE INVITED!
HCProviDcia] Executive I
♦oo»»»o»oooo»»»
Socialist Party of Casada.
Headquarters:  313 Cambie Street, Room 1
AMERICAN-U1.TLT  STEAMSHIP.
chain,  which weighs over bo tons, is
__—- jthe  heaviest     ever    built.     The  full
The     steamship     "Da ota."      now [equipment   oi   life-saving    appliances
leading at .New   York for her maiden 'us   prescribed   by   the   Inited   stales
voyage, is the second of the gigantic j government is larried on board, and
vess-ls  constructed   by    the    Eastern j'or putting out   llames a patent  hrc-
Vancouver, B. C , May 23, lirUo,
..Koom lo. Vlaaouic blocs.;.—Present.
Louirades aurtibmgs (.chairman*,
Wilkinson. Lcub, Organizer Kingsley
anu the secretary.
Minutes of previous niceun,; read
and adopted.
The following correspondence was
dealt  with:
From Vancouver Local enclosing
pue i^Ai.--juy sduivja ui.ij JOJ uv o»
complied  with.
From Victoria Local enclosing a
letter from A. V\. Haven concerning
a lecturing tour in B. C. Keceived
and bled.
Receipts.
Vancouver Local, due stamps ...$2.50
Adjournment.
 o	
—->
Burns & Co.!
HARDWARE and
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock*
Cook Stoves in the City.     1
Boom   Chains,    Aucem   i
gcrs'  Jacks.  Etc. ***
We have moved into
our Bei
and   commodious  premises
138 Cordova St., East
'Pfceae 1579       Vancouver, B. j,
 ♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»
SUSPENDED.
Indiana,   Nebraska   and   WW
j legislatures  have  enacted  Ugjjy
i against   the smoking
' This   borders  closely
I extinguishing system is installed, by
I means "f which any compartment of
lire cannot pus-
cargo
in and out ol the numerous hatches
no less than tmrt.v -t wo electric winches are placed on the deck.—Scientific   American.
 o	
The Minister of Inland Revenue has
had a second analysis of pepper, sold
throughout    t'unuda,    and    Cuds    the
Shipbuilding Company, of New London, Conn., for the Great Northern
Steamship Company. She is in I
pra* tically every respect a duplicate
ot h«-r sister ship the ''Minnesota,"
whi'h is now inuKing her first homeward voyage from 'he Orient. The ,
dimensions of the  "Dakota are
Ix-n^'h over  all,   'i.'lO  feet;  extreme i
beam, 72}  feet; and depth from up-
per  navigating  bridge to  bottom of
the  keel,  XH  feet   1   inches,   which   is I
equal   to   'he  height   of   an   ordinary
eight-story  building.     When  fully  la- judulti-ratian   is  just  as   bad  as   last
den,   the displacement of  the -'iiuko-   summer,   when  warning was given to
ta" is .",.'1,1100 tons, and  with her full i tn'' trade that the present scandalous
cargo  (and she has a  gross tonnage  Practice must cease.    He will accord-
of   20,71H   tons;   she  can    make    15|infc'Lv   ,akt'   measures    to   rigidly   eu-
knots even  in heavy  seas.     In  order
to carry such an enormous cargo at |
the Speed mentioned, and in all kinds
of weather,  the "Dakota" is built to
withstand      extraordinary       strains,
some   of  her  double   plates   lieing  as
much  as 2J  inches thick.     The stem
and  stern post  are of cast steel  and
of  the greatest  weight ever  used   in
navul   construction,     the  stern   post
alone   weighing  -r>6   tons.     The   totul
accomodations are for    about  tnni-
Editor  Western  Clarion:
ihe board oi  directors of the Coin
rade   Co-operative   Co.,  have  decided j hack-woods people assert u
ot   ogaretj
"I*'0   pat^ri
legislation, which, by the wuv  ls
of    the   iniquities    that   ill-info,1*
tbe ship may  be immediately   filled Comrade with the April issue on ao-
wilh  gas in  which  a  lire cannot  no«.|count   of    insulbcieui    support.      I'he
li discontinue the publication of tlus Usts purpose to indulge in ,jnw
'attain  power.     However,   th,.
.   .    n.       lor  handling  the  cargo [Unexpired  subscriptions  will   lie  filled
j by toe international Socialist He
I view. Chus. H. Kerr & Co. will exchange share certificates of their company for certincates of the Comrade
Co-operative Co. upon payment of
to.OO.
The Comrade Co-operative Co. will
sell its stock of literature on hand
at reduced rates during tho next few
weeks. Send for price list to 11
Cooper square, New  York.
1'Iease   publish   this    notice   in   tbe
next issue of your valued paper.
Fraternally  yours,
COMRADE  CO-OI'EBATIVE   CO.
August F.  Wegener.
 o	
-rj,
0|
ft
•iii-
huridrcd  first-cabin   passengers,   while
below deck provision is made for car- i
rying    thirteen    hundred    troops    or
twenty-four hundred third-cabin passengers.
The ship is driven by twin-screw
triple-expansion engines of about 10,-
000 horse-power furnished with steam
at 250 pounds pressnire by water-
tube boilers of the Niclausse type.
Each engine is located in a separate
water-tight compartment, and the
boilers are also divided into two
similar compartments, accessible otic
to the other through small, watertight doors. Thus in case one engine room s-hould be flooded, thp
other could drive Ine ship on her
journey. A distinctly novel feature
in these ships is that some of the
boilers are fitted with mechanical
stokers—an Improvement which will
we believe, in time become general
in  the merchant marine.
A wonderful windlass is placed at
the bow for raising the anchors,
each   af  BJ     tons,    and   the     anchor
force the provisions of the |»ure food
law against offenders, including retailers, wholesalers and importers.—
Daily Press.
It is not stated whether the offenders an- liberals or conservatives,
Cnristlans or heathens. It is quite
evident that they are not Socialists
or their Infamy would be blazoned to
the world. Uy a thorough and effective enforcement Of the pure food
law, the minister will refute the assert ions of thuse would-be wise guys
who are continually telling us that
people cannot be made good by law.
We hope the minister will pepper the
adulterators good and plenty.
 o	
In referring to the Chicago teamsters' strike the Cincinnati Times-
Stat (Republican) says: "Chicago today stunds as an object lesson of
Socialism in action. One sees it as
it stands stripped of its philosophy
and its rhetoric. It is an object lesson tu tne nation." And a lot of
us have been thinking lhat the little
pleasantries and festivities being indulged in by the denizens of Chicago
wns merely n result of ihe moral and
ethical training the aforesaid denizens have received at the hands of
capitalism. So that is Socialism.
Weill Weill How mistaken we have
been all the time. After this we'll
read nothing but the Times-Star and
keep posted.
prising business man has risen lr.
occasion in a  manner calculated
save  the country   from  tha evflj
fects of the meddling paternaljJ
these  state  legislatures.     CigjjJ
with   tobacco   wrap(M-rs    arc
apjR-aring on  the market labelled
cigars,   thus  verifying the old
"there   is   more   than   one
skin a cat."
.»aj
A chap named Thomas Reddy, who
claims to have served with the fifth
Maryland   Regiment   of    the    United
States army,  while on his way from j terribly   destructive
Ottawa,   Canada,  to  the Washington; ijdarity   upon   which
Eight hundred pupils of one 0|i
Chicago schools, it is reported, »(
on strike because a non-union i^,
ster delivered a loud of coul at]
school building. The police U
called in are alleged to have
their clubs on more than one m
The clubs should have been user/3
the thick skulls of those who
responsible for instilling mtu ,
minds of children thi! doctrim
factional strife and hatred that k
of the clasjj
the  gucces
the  labor
movement
 o—
depends.
home for old soldiers recently, was
stopped   at  the   Inited    States    line,
and denied [ic-rmission to land on the      ,,  „,„,,„  ,.-,.,   ,,     v   ,.  v   .
soil  he  had  fought  for.     Anyone    sot    l "l™       h 1™   H
devoid  of  sense as  to fignt for   soil  »»tu™ ■«* mad« som« rather r.4
or anything else not his own, is too  *££&£*  !"   *!  |,nie  "f ,*us *
silly to be allowed to land any where !,,,ect'ei*J   ,hef Nfw }t ork, Villus side of oblivion.    No wonder the I ,ph°rttt,ons are t0 £> *'lo™\M
United   States  authorities  refused to  thf ZTT    «* TV'    '* %
allow    him    to    enter.      There     are l«lcuable  benefit  to  the  wage ||
enough such chumps and weak-mind,
ed persons there already to meet all
reasonable requirements, it is, however, a hardship to Canada not to be
able to get rid of this one. That is
the worst feature of the case viewed
from this side of the line.
S E A S O N 'S     f
f     GREETINGS
STILENFIT"
J. OANAHER & CO.
Corner Granville and
Pender Streets
SOLE AGENTS FOR   "STILENFIT"   CLOTHES
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
A   MODERN   SLAVE  TRADE.
According to n recent investigation
the number nf factories in ■ lupan nt
the end of September Iu.it year wns
HH.'tti. Compared With tho preceding year, this shows a decrease of
M.     The  total   number    of   laborers
employed In those factories is B58,-
011; mule laborers 235,048, female
laborers 888,008, This Is nn increase of 1,850 main Inborers, and
13,454 female Inborers over the pre.
ceding yi'tir.
Time was, in our Childhood's du.vs,
when we were moved to pity and indignation by the stories of the pirates, slavers, and kidnappers, who
in those dark times before slavery
was abolished in the British dominions, used to ensnare or capture
youths and children of any race or
color,   to   sell   into   slavery—or   "af>
prentice," as it was euphemistically
termed—in his licit tunic Majesty's
colonies oversea. Many are the briny
tears that have been shed over the
woes of those unhappy children, lorn
from their humble homes to toil in
fur-off lands, to whose capture inll-
iinto pains were devoted, nnd who
formed a lucrative staple of trade to
many a worthy, Cod-fen ring Hi-it ish
men-hunt, us well as many a bold
buccaneer, These thinjfs are managed very much better nowadays, however. Everything now is open and
above hoard. The youngsters are
no longer kidnapped by bloodthirsty
pirates, who gel good gold in exchange for their human cargo; they
ure gently pT-isuiided b.v kind Christian ladies mill gentlemen thut it is
for their good thnt they should be
transported for tneir nntuntl life.to
a land of bondage thousands of miles
away, If is so much nicer. The
slavery Is Just the suhie; only it is
not called slavery, although apprenticeship" still survives in many
cases. Hut all the ilisagreeables have
disappeared. Those engaged in Ihe
trade nre not wicked men. but kindly
philanthropists, who derive quite n
halo of glory from wnnt used to cast
discredit nnd shame on their predecessors. And, above all, it is so
much cheaper, too. In the old days
a while boy would cost, a Carolina
planter from £20 to £40—a slave,
thoroforo, was somewhat expensive,
and it paid everybody concerned to
tave some little care of so valuable
a commodity. Rut the shipments wc
send out nowadays cost nothing but
their keep, so if any of them die
there is no financial loss to anyone.
—Justice.
A lot of very silly, but no doubt
righteous .indignation, is being expressed because of a move on foot
by certain capitalist concerns to extend their privileges in harnessing
the power of Niagara Falls, and
making it perform useful service.
That the idea should be entertained
in this utilitarian age, tnat the falls
should be preserved merely to look
at is quite incomprehensible, and is
Hindi- evi'ii more so by the fact that
water running down hill is by no
means a rare phenomenon. Hut then
come to think of it, were the beauty
of the falls sacrificed to commercial
purposes it would be a snd blow, indeed, to the millions of American
workingman and their families   who
have been ill Ihe habit of spending
their Bummer vacation at this favored spot. Every factory, sweat-shop,
mine, railway mid plantation slave
in tin- Ill-public should lie up in arms
against it.
 o-«	
The poor, old "Standard" is Indeed having a hard time in Kansas,
Although  the state refinery has not
yet been built, and there is no certainty Hint it ever will be, the price
of oil nus fallen so low that the
"Standard" finds itself compelled to
pay a price that barely covers tho
cost of pumping it out of the ground.
It hns even felt constrained to purchase nil it. can nnd hold it, at this
price, and is stoning millions of barrels for future use. Six private refineries are under construction, and
as soon ns they are completed the
"Standard" will no doubt be put
OUt of business completely. The lulls-tiding futc of the poor," old friendless concern is sad lo contemplate.
 o —
Subs are still coming in from the
vicinity of Cumberland and Comox
on Vancouver Island. This means
that Comrade Harry Slbble Is over
tnere, nnd wherever he is he does
things. While the Clarion does not
run nny "red-lotter day" schemes or
make "army" appeals, It nevertheless feels gratified to those who,
like Slbble, push matters along, by
Uie  spread  of   Socialist   literature, "
The first Socialist elected to office
in Kansas is M. R. Smith, who
lias just been elected as l'ark Commissioner at Kansas City, in that
state. Smith is a negro, born of
fugitive slave parents in tne early
sixties. Uy dint of persistent application, he acquired an educatian,
graduating finally from Warsaw seminary, Warsaw, Illinois. He is spoken
of as a thoroughly revolutionary Socialist, forceful and eloquent speaker,
and zealous to a fault in the cause
of awakening the workers, regardless
of color, to a realization of the position they occupy in present-day society, and the task to lie accomplished if they would qe free.
 o	
When Speare, cashier of the Ohio
bank which Mrs. Chadwick swindled,
was sent to the state penitentiary
for complicity in the swindling, his
friends requested that he be given a
clerical position inside the walls.
This could not be done, however, aa
there were so many bankers already
there that all the easy jobs had long
since been filled.
11 OS
Buy a $1 Ticket
Which   Entitles   You   to  One   Chance
in   150 on a $150 Lot in Vancouver.
Ticket! to be bad at Headquarters eve.
nlagi or at 138 Cordova St, east.
Orawing on June  7th
as   it   will   enable   them   10 i
cheaper or pay more rent.
 o——————
Should uny subscriber fail tl
ceive a copy of the paper it thq
kindly notify this otlice, the iid
copies   will   be  forwarded.
NegligeeShii
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now
some of the choice ones will be 1
early, and some of the designs |
cannot duplicate. If you apprva
unusual styles It will intaraai r*j
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tbe Saurtett Soft Hat ol thi Setia|
These Hats have  been enthusitf
cally     received  by  young  men ttjj
the very first day  we brought
out.     Neither   trouble   nor    expa
has been saved in  the produciioii
these  goods,   as  you   will  clieerlil
acknowledge  upon  examination.
KILROY,  MORGAN  CO., IH
III Carosva Strut
3. T. WALLACES
Cash Grocery Stor
We also carry a full line of Furl
ture, on easy payments, at prut
that cannot be duplicated. Kind
inspect our stock.
Cor WeitalBiter Ave aad Narrii Sir*
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Workingmen Are Always Welcome
New Fountain Hotel
C. SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and up.
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver, tt!
IN
WATCH
REPAIRING
0HEAT CARE IS EXEKCISED. AS
WE ENTRUST THE REPAIR TO
EXPERIENCED WORKMEN ONLY,
AND NOT TO APPRENTICES OR
AMATEURS.
SPROTT & Co.
THE ARCADE JEWELRY STORE.
Adam and Eve
Cooked with  a  wood fire.
No wonder there wat trouble
in that Family
The way to have peace, i'"1"'
fort nnd cleanliness in th« h"""'
is to do away with the drufr
wry and dirt of cooking «|M1
wood or coaT, b.v using 11
Gas Stove
lllll'
nil
We  have  them   in    up-to
patterns, cheap and etHeli'tiM
are always glnd  to show ""'"
(live us a cull.
VANCOUVER GAS Co. Ltd «wwoiwii«-i
"i ■»•«■•        Vaacoaver. B
t Hastings St.
C.
•am mum mu am a

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