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The Western Clarion Nov 4, 1905

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Published in the
Interests of the Working Class Alo^^    e %^
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturd ay, Novembfr 4 1905.
3*—ffl)V fi„lg05=
r, irlence ol Girls Who are C nl Pennileit and Friendless Upon the Tide al
' T ,d Labor Market.
■ just
..-hat   he
(i. y's work   moans
•m irking    girls "'/he    lower
*  of employment  Ih a     great
5 told with startling dea]      .-.
Ibe 1-u-11'
Day,"  j";l  issued   by
, ,-inpany.    'I'he   wilier,
k anonymous, is a girl who at
I Eir, ol ago became     m o!   the
■"■'Wge, with a.  money and
friends,  aw making
world U* IhjhI ll. ■>'
i, und
v us in th. id ogle room with tha girl
of the factor}    it wus worse in the
imbllc "home." Tha first net of
welcome hen- wus uu attempt on the
part ol the iieiiit matron bo cheat
the wandaror mil ol US oenta change,
A   lit)gla   nil    111   ,.    1.mm   |u||   ,,f     m,1,.
liar cotei with no dividing partition
1 mid no privacy, ut in cents per
night wai 'in' brand ol hospitality
aurvod at Ihe ' giils' homo" The re*
•rlma under which lho plan was eon-
ousted was on.' of Iron in Ms rigid
lit; nml mi. of uppre iltin with its
multiplicity ot rules, Thai smh a
place hin.niit I... allowed to iiuuui tin..
name of "working glrla' home" and
.1 l<>n/ lot of in - • ii 11 tit-ii t woman us
pairotii *m * in order thai  tha homo-
I.N-.    I'M I'     Willi    11    lllllll'   llll^llt    III'   im
ad to it Moma incredible In a    clt)
like New York. It wns while staving nt this homo tiuit th" author an*
jo.isl the only clown aw* 'heorfulom"
ploymetit that foil to her Inl while a
wags-earner In the big city, she
>*d end lu hero-11, ft o,,. paper box factory and gut
f tne world of work in a How •!• maker's establishment .
That nil factories and workrooms
are not bail is revealed in her dea-
Befiptions of ihe dower shop. "The
room wus long and witle, und golden wi'h April sunshine, and in tl
April breezes thai blew through
(or sho
rn ta) '" '■"
|h rorklng In taci
the iintai< ll   end  tn.slul-
unployeo 1     ' alcoBMi   The
uuderg* '"   while earning
bj    u 1 ot  NOW York's
Ih     ' old  in  a  simple
1 hut
I (final''
rtmil   tf"'
rtl sui       with  n.     -it'   upts
lug,    otako a lioole thut
riii.iiing     reu ling—reud-
tha.t  t*ran|iH the read-
the outs* i and will
I poo
'Jnt if '
II itttnti
Itluse lb" hi Id    '''1 ltus un'1 ,,f l'"»
Kik hiw barn "ea*.
■afolj   »ul
r-infortunate   and   sufe and   anug
j the haven > •'    >t  employ m nt
I*-    s WO in.   '   »T'T> TO GET.
|[!er firs ofTorts jt securing etn-
Iviuen' reveal il fact that eve*
Tjn„ »-i nork o- barely rnough
1 keep body  <"; i  soul  together,     It
various writers, of working class
misery and degradation under the
present system of property and exploitation, none of thern outside ot
U10 Socialist proas will ofter anything in the nature of a remedy.
Every such talc written will but
add vigor and persistence to the agitation for the overthrow of the wage,
system, and the establishing of a
workers commonwealth which will at
least contain within itself the elements of decency, That them are
entirely lacking in the pr'"»ent sys-
tuin goes without saying. Wero It
not BO, the present misery and do-
gratiation of the only useful part of
human society, tho working class,
could not be.
An Associated Press dispatch from
Budapest says. "In spite of all Emperor Francis Joseph's efforts to
dodge it, the suffrage question in
Hungary has become one of the main
issues ln that ever unruly country."
Thc Socialists, whose power is rising with giant strides, have taken
hold of it.—Appeal to Reason.
Japan, according to the New York
Tribune is just on the eve of another
awakening. The first occurred about
forty years ago when Feudalism was
abolished. The second when the military power was created which crush-
isl China, and later humbled Russia.
The third, which is now about to
hu|>|-en. is industrial and as an exporter of manufactured wswes, tho
Island Empire is soon to be felt in
the markets of the world. All of
which is quite proper and in lino
with human progress.
Subscription Price
Frlaatlal Coaditioa al Poverty la Which tha Lower Strata at Japaaeie Warklai
Peeale Ara Fleaidering.
It is strange to picture Tokio, the
capital of the Mikado, in the clutches of a mob. From the day tbe war
began the world has been fed with
stories of the patient endurance of
a simple law-respecting people, who
loved their Emperor and who submitted to his every  word.
The  cable    despatches  now    reveal
hands crowding together on the mats
Charcoal is not always to be afforded, and heat is a great luxury,
these cold days. A whole block
will sometimes take turns in warming hands at hrbachi, wherein a few
chunks of charcoal smoulder in a bed
of ashes.
"Suppose    a  pipe  cleaner has
Tokio in a new light. They lift tha i good day, and returns to his home
curtain on a new and strange Tokio ; with, say 12 cents, ilu will expend
—a  Tokio  that  the world has    not i this  in  farthing purchases ot   miso,
To Wage tbe Class-War ta a Finish aad Wla tor Theauelm and Thair Call-
drea tha Moms at Uvlai-
One of the most pernicious ideas
with which the Socialist movement
has been infectod, or, rather worse
still, with which certain sections of
the English proletariat would seem
the I to have been infected, is that   there
mous boon to them personally. He
would probably find that his audience had gone to sleep or would do
nothing, unless, indeed, they got angry and turned him out. As a vegetarian, I might as well preach to the
tribe of cannt-als who  were prepar-
fix   II.
ways possible to get work
j city. S.tfc first sought
h .cm factories. She was
first three of these Ik*-
if her lack ul experience, ln
oihi'rs she v..is o;I< n d pay so
1 thai t would have been im-
ilile for h'n to exiM upon it
went from the tobacco factories
:,nok Im'i'eriis, stores nnd oth r
.tons, ii ine store thc propria
r o.ti'nil lo -agog" her at the
ply sal.try of $3 S6 per week,
ho'irs to I." in.io 7 in the morn
un 9 nt night, except on Set's when ihe closing hour was
Ighl, II.-r iirst 'losition wns
secured unti] lifter long tluys of
chasing en I iiv;iiirios.
A impef box factory was th" place
I l. V. In r in and her pay was $.1
i"' to begin with. Her first
ue, full of wonderful ex-
"SVe worked steadily, and
thc i,., ■■ drugged «.n I begun to
dead i (I. The awful noise
onfushni, the terrific heat, the
■il smell "I the glue, and the ag-
lireakinsr, ankles at il blistered
Hull siviiird    '-T.ist  • n'< "rablc.   At
St the ho ,. xi .it 12, and
(jtknly out ol the turmoil a strung*-
irt fell (,vcr the mill. Thv iibra-
W thut hnd shaken the structure
its foundations now subsided; the
Ms stayed their endless rcvolu-
Plo» the factory  girl   works    when
"•uhh order" comes in U   I a filled
| Wd graphically.    "The     h pie mill
I mm  charged   ,>;'h   an   unaccust-
W   ex i'cnieni — an    exeitement
kh had In it. something of solem-
)• There was no sign of the mirth
1   hilmity    w-hi ti constiitttes  the
pi'BwlB attraction; no exchange ol
l0'i^, no sallies.     Ef »»  girl    bout
her task with a fio    • enerny   al-
)st   maddening      .,     tti.  InUu'aty.
'"I and di/./.y wit',  t   -Igue,   I i»*cr-
(lown    the    long     i irAy  aislua of
x<s toward the doc*  rbo' e   \nn'u-
"'•s <lesk.     it was onl.,   ".     Ev-
■"ort, hoih human anu    . echani-
•II over the great furvoi>      vas
* "trained utmost to th • Pre i  ing
"•'•'     How long i   n  this   agony
How  long co,.     ie  rush     and
«• and the ihrossb        |«in  , ontin-
"■•"1 the   muiiek.    und unknown
"'i"thinK M1H,W ljke un oV4....;tll(;nL.d
m string ,„„■ brinKli rjU„,      -lhe
" foreman rushed thr m >rh the ata-
""'I bawled to tl* to hustlo    for
»o wore    wo th,   " a custcmers
''   "ii doroandihg    their goods."
« »ich    times    are  weekly  occur-
,vl in factories of 'nis nature.
homo"    of    ibe factory girl
makes her own   ic im    s riescrib-
wiiiR.    ...rh(, hcavi|v (jta VOf, wood.
r; Wntod of tho twit that it had
.„'.„'n '• 'o<ly's bed chamber     in
» Z",  whnn this wns a fashion-
^•ction „f Nt.w York, and    its
n-od   ,8 nn<l fori»er elegance now
Ml a-, I      lnw"aee the st-funlor oa
tl.ii     ft'',,tnl»at« tho barrenness
«•  urnlshinga.   The  latter    con-
It ur*-.   tW0 ,,oxeB' one ot    whlch J
wn, an empty sugar barrel with
Noi,   ,arr0W lh» toP'   »   bl°-
" "J6" B> an uncurtained   el-
»   large    substantial looking
Id i„', on ?°und and brnas rlvoted,
led .u "0t UaSt' » ru"t5' "toV41
,tch«irx, r cellln8 «<nowcd great
had f it lath' wher* thoplas-
ttod ft,, n QWS-y' ftn^ tha I'ticar-
pnibii - ,I'ns Rtrewn *** •»t,n'1
Rl Blfti-,t   -   markwl by a trail of
^ T„ 'T alwv«tho BSto>i •*
rent 1' fr0m w-*er« the fire
im; * t""hod- Th« door to the
1 trouJl!! rno; in u* r«««* « Pa'''
lla'g 2* .,mn« Hmply, while Hcnrl-
Vonif th„n, i wardrohe was ranged
I'1* Ait inck Pnintcd wall out-
..iit, i ,"* dotai,» I c»ul<J <lea-
"ofelnir ", .?jLy:.*»* »«"* "'    the
I Drive,,
half-open  windows a million   iloicrs | is something essentially immoral   in  ing to eat me the folly of a   meat
fluttered  and  danced  in  the ecstasy''      *  ,l '———   -•*«••.>...•   -«i»«« ««  <»«* .i»...~~ ,.f    ..--4-*
of sprinR. Flowers, flowers everywhere. Here wire mi hatsh sounds,
no nispiny voices, no shrill laughter,
no pounding engines. Everything was
just as one would expert to find it
in a (lower garden—soft voices humming like bees, nnd gentle tnorri-
nt thai flowed musically as q
brook  oVOr stones "
The next place wns ii laundry, a return to conditions oven lower and
more brutalizing than the first, factory. Here Is a picture that serves
to   illustrate  one   phase  ,,f   this     life
'She    replied    with     a laugh, ami.
flinging    bll'k    thO    sleeve    of    her    kil.l-
ono. thrust out the slump of a wrist.
At my >\ lamation ol horror she
grinned. iWhj Mint's nothing In this
bete business,' the suid. 'It happen! every witnal In a while, *fcra
you was running the mangles nn.l
was lire.I Mill's ihe way it was
with mc i was 'lean don., oul one
Saturday night, and I Jual couldn't
see no more; and thi first thing I
know—wo-oow' And thai hand
went right straight clean Into tho
rollers. And I was jist tlcod; that's
all. I didn't have nothing to drink
all that day excepting pop. but the
hoss he swore I was liiun1*., and he
made the foreman swear the same
thing, and so I didn't try to get no
damages. They sent me to the hospital and the)' offered me my old job
back again: but 1 jist got up my
spunk and says if they can't |wiy mi
ile are said to be identical. England, where free speech reigns—
where .lohn Hums will very probably adorn the position of an Under-
Secretary in the next L-ilieral Government, llow can we talk of a
class.war iu such a land? The people are the Government, if only they
chosi: to exercise their power.
For the Rake of my article I will
accept the above statements ns proved. I have no wish in the slightest
degree to dispute their strength, and
yet I ho|ie to prove that not only
despite them does this ehists-wur exist, but that they derive their only
Importance from the fact of such a
class-war. Further, that not only-
do they nof relieve the workers of
the duty of carrying on the class-
war, but tbat Ibe unrelenting,
compromising wuging of such wars,
forms the only possible basis of a
proletarian morality. First, what
la the class-war, and in what does
it consist? It consists in the existence of two classes—one of whom
owns the means of production, so
lhat the other can only obtain the
moans of life on such terms as the
other is able to impose. It makes
no essential difference to this result
that there are competing sections in
the possessing class itself, each of
which feels that the other wants to
cut its throat, and may, to enable
thorn to curry out this or to prevent
.this lieing carried wit, bo prepared
, i .        i ito   make  some  concessions—generally
no damages and goes and ajvoars Cnough-to the proletariat, any
was drunk,  when      dMnthaveinoUl| ^  than\hat th^'arc sections of
ng but  rot.-,, pop.      Bays   J can up lctnrint ,vho ,mve managed to
and  go  some  place  els,,   where  1  can ^J^,   £.*    dlfflcuUy   .„,„   a8inore
ge   my 54  a week. I privileged,  though precarious
'" V "Sobook.    in": Kn potion! where it pays the possess-
the   other hardships! ln« t!ftSS to leave
the preaching of the class-war, that'diet, dilate on tho dangers of uric
there is something unworthy of a' acid, Rnd show the advantages of
great movement in a free land like fruit and nuts, Unless the possess-
Kngland, where government and peo-
ing thines  in
ways it   shows
of a  working girl's  life nlone  in     a
large city—the temptations to which
she  is  subjected   on  OVorj   hand,   nnd
to which  she falls in appalling    and
heart-breaking    numbers,       It    is a
good hook.      It  would be a    noteworthy and intelligent   piece of char-,
ity   for  some     philanthropically     inclined millionaire to purchase it    byt
the thousands'and send it  Into    tho
country to girl-' who have listened to
the. song of "ihe fine lime   you   can |
hn\e working in    tho city." — Sa
Francisco Chronicle.
It is said that 'one-half of the
world doesn't know how the other
half lives." if it Ihi not n mystery
to tlie "other half" Hsvlf it cer-j
bainly musl  he such to anyone at all
litem, ns long as
they can. for thc sake of dividing
Uie" proletariat and confusing the issue. These small exceptions do not
make any difference to the main ro-
Bult, which is that there exists a
wealthy class on the one hand, living without the need to work, in
great comfort; on the other,, thc
enormous mass of the people, working bard for little more than a bare
sutfelstonco and without any certainty of lieing able to get that
much on the morrow. Peoplo may
water down the statistics as the.v
please, the facts of the case prove
the contrary. London.s streets literally tling the class-war in tho face
of its donlors.
Hut  England is a democracy.  Just
so! hut a democracy that allows
the class war to go on. A demo-
familiar with the conditions againstI (.nu.v ,hn* attOVTU itself to bo ruled
whiih it is struggling. The horrible'|,y class. A Proletariat that is
conditions confronting young girlsj proud to aUo^r one or two^f thoir
and women
t oil lamp.'
ll,,v"rinl!n.K thl" "homo" through
'"'"Is uh x true character of the
uthor i " Urou8ht her there, the
»«l„g2 •> ««e Inmate of a
'B girls' home."     Bad as life
vortex of a great city to earn their
livelihood is something beyond the
power of words to describe. As bad
as the.v nre these conditions must
go from bad to worse until such an
upheaval shall occur in human society as will result in HMrn on adjustment nnd roarragoment of property relations as will admit of
those who toil, reaping tho lull benefits of their labors. The resources of
the earth are ample, and the incchaiw
icnl und technical knowledge mifll-
clenl, if applied to their proper use,
to enable every person to feed,
clothe nnd sholtor themselves by
their own labor, and do away forever With 'he circumstances thnt
make possible lho writing of such
hnrrowing tales as tho one from
which the Chronicle drew Its Inspiration for lho above article.
In tho meantime mnny such   t
will  lie  written nnd the  truth
not even   then  bo  half   told.    Hut
iHltJili' Of the nfiseryhnd borros will   bo
depicted.     While  many   pa|¥'i'8
' number to serve ns watchdogs for a
government     one  of  whoso  principal
the correctness of
ob-teets is to hold them in w*b.oction.
The proletariat only rivet their own
chains by means of this man, say,
John Hums, the moro tightly on
their own neck; since, so long as ho
remains a member of the Ministry,
they dare not attack it, and he sub.
sequentiy serves as a rover to tho
ministry without obtaining any corresponding influence. Tho proletariat thus sells Itself, only to bo defrauded of the .10 pieces of silver.
Judas Iscariot might as well be held
to disprove thc truth of Christianity
as the Judas Tscariots of the Eng.
lish proletariat .tho fact of tho class-
war. Tho cur that licks tho hands
of ifs master, after ho has thrashed
it, might with equal justice be hold
to prove the otpiality of dog and man
No! Till the workers themselves abolish the classes that exploit them,
the class.war remains In all its grim
reality, disgulso it as wo may with
all kinds of beautiful phrase.
Let Mr. Hamsay McDonald, If ho
doubts this, go with his "'Socialism
Unbound," as the "Lnbor Tender"
calls it, or any species of tho milk-
and-water Socialism, to tho Stock
Exchange, or any other body of cap.
itnlisls—who nro assuredly not all
Idiots—and try to persuade thorn
that   Socialism    would be an enor-
ing classes fear the workers, they
will hardly sacrifice a single cigarette for them.
It is sometimes suggested that con-,
siderations of hygiene, of the dangers
of infection from the bad conditions
of the poor, of the difficulty of finding soldiers, may move the rkh to
make sacrifices—but do we really
think that men who will hardly sacrifice a glass of port, knowing full
well that it will bring them the exquisite anguish of gout, are likely
to bc moved by such considerations?
So much for the facts of the class-
war. Now, is the recognition of
these facts immoral? Or is it immoral to say that it is the duly of
the proletariat to fight the class-war
against the oppressors and exploiters of their class, to demand and se-
uii..,-ure the abolition of a Mass whose
existence as a class depends on exploitation? They obviously cannot
get rid of the exploitation without
abolishing the exploiting class as a
class. Is this, then, immoral? Naturally, the fight is not against individual members of the capitalist
class, except and in so far as these
stand up for and fight for their system—then they must take the rough
and tumble of war. Omelettes will
not be made without brea'-.ing eggs,
but even then the class-war must
never be allowred to degenerate into
a war of individuals against individuals, Wit of an organized class,
fighting in nn open maimer against
an organized wrong. The former is
demoralizing, the latter alone can
inspire. Can there, indeed, be anything wrong or demoralizing about
such a war? No. a thousand times
no! It would only be immoral to
refuse to fight, it. It is the only
possible bnsis of a proletarian morality. A proletarian or member of
the proletariat can only have one duty to himself and humanity that is
to win for himself and his children the'
means of a full and free life. Humanity can only advance by tho emancipation of the oppressed, and the
oppressed can only emancipate themselves b.v learning the lesson of solidarity, by being true to themselves
and their own class. "To thine own
self lie true"; this sentence sums up
Individual morality very completely.
"To thine own class lye true," sums
up the duty of the proletariat. Nothing is worth anything which does
not cost us a struggle to get, and a
proletarian emancipation which came
without a struggle were worse Uion
worthless. Hesidi's, does not this
struggle demand a high degree of
self-control, self-sacrifice, antl other
Could anything bo on the one hand
more absurd than to talk of brotherly love, or human solidarity where
one class lives on the other? What
iwrt can morals play? Or, on the
other hand, enn thoro hc any thought
more inspiring, for the proletariat,
than that of emancipating himself
and his children from an appalling
bondage—the bondage to hunger ?
And can we wonder that a proletariat which wilfully refuses to so emancipate itself and keeps itself and
Its children In this bondage—at the
price of a few pints of ale—that
such a proletariat is the des|«air of
all moral reformers? Our ethical reformers must answer that; what can
they substitute for the class-war?
Phrases' mere phrases! and those
move nobody.
There nro, in fact, two alternatives
open to tho llritish proletarian—cither he can accept the position of a
cur cringing for favors at tfhe hand
of the governing class, with the certainty of sooner or later earning the
cur's reward and getting kicked for
his pains; or he can, with his brothers in other lands, consciously take
up tho class-war for tho emancipation of his class, knowing that this
moans tho emancipation of humanity
from tho thraldom of capitalism.
Can wo doubt which will Inspire tho
higher morality?—J. H. Askew, in
lt is well that ths truth be known,
la no capital of the world does the
plummet sound deeper in the ocean
of poverty, wretchedness and human
woo than in Tokio. London, with
its "submerged tenth"—Paris with
its sewers peopled with vicious half-
tod humanity—thc groveling Russian
ot Gorky's night refuges—fail to equal the absolute wretchedness of
slums ot Tokio, where live halt a
million or more of tho starved subjects of the son of heaven—too poor
to own even the rags thoy wear.
ln Totkio no fewer than 200,000
people seldom, if ever, know of a
certainty, where the necessities of the
next day will come from, and
throughout the island the great majority are too poor to eat rice. The
high grade rice grown in the islands
is exported almost to the last sack,
and inferior rice is Imported for
those who can afford it. Rice is not
in every bowl, as the tourist fondly
imagine. A recent visitor in Tokio
"I have spent days and nights in
the midst of this inexpressible residue of Japan in company with a
brilliant native sociologist who, like
scores of his fellow students of men
and things, believes that Japan has
left its good days of general happiness and general comfort forever bo-
hind and is entering upon a sordid
and merciless age of industrialism,
in which its people are not fitted by
temperament to compete, and whose
proletariat is. moreover, far too intelligent and too proud to be exploited by capital. He is crying
out a warning to Japan that her
seat at the council table of the powers is being paid for in the blood
of her citizens, not expended as t'hey
would pour it forth cheerfully io
war, but in factory and on farm, in
shop and iu office.
" 'Think for a moment,' he cries
last week as we looked at a battleship in the offiing, 'what a multitude of our tiny rice fields it takes
to support such a monster, and then
remember that, om- people can't afford to ent rice!'
vllut whether tho last'state of Japan be worse thnn her first, let us
proceed to Darkest Tokio. Wc will
visit thu Hhitaya quarter, which is
close by  the beautiful Oycno park.
"Tokio is so vast, it is such on immense sea of sheds, that from the
highest point on the clearest day-
one can spa but a fraction of its
area—but here are fifteen districts of
mean streets. Tlie crazy structures
called houses, which are, in reality,
sheds, are strung along in a series
of dilapidated nnd filthy compartments. To folk as poor as those
who live here, cleanliness, so dear to
the average Japanese that it is
above godliness, is out of the question.
"lhe walls aro decayed and full of
crevices and cracks, tho roof leaks,
and there is moss and broken tiles,
the shoji is full of holes or patched
with iiewspui>eis, the mats are ragged, dirty and mouldy. The. e is
foul water in the streets and a still
fouler stench in the air, whose source
ia often visible to the eye. Frequently one sees dead rats in the
roadway, but for fear ot the plague
they are quickly made away with.
After coming from the daintiness and
delightful artistry of well-to-do Tokio, Shitaya is tho abomination of
"Tho most tumble down of those
abodes may be rented for from 40
cents to 60 cents per month, but
there aro houses so fine that they
cost as high as 2 cents, or even 4
cents a day. To afford ono of those
expensive residences several families
club together, not nlono for economy
but also for warmth, in   Winter   all
a kind of soup stock; oil, fuel, tobacco, and, perhaps, a little fish,
which. If he feels reckless, he will eat
raw with horse radish. He buys in
driblets, and, like the poor Jn all the
tities of the world, pays enormous
prices. This has been a good day,
and, perhaps, he will peep in at one
of the tempting cake shops, which
smell so fragrant to the weary and
hopeless. However, he will be, in all
likelihood, 'broke' by this time and
will content himself with -listening to
a story teller relating the ancient
glories of Dai Nippon.
"Had our pipe-cleaner returned empty handed he would have hurried to
the pawnbroker, always near at
hand, and raised a few farthings on
hus precious brass pipe, his hibachi,
or his few poor garments not iu actual use. With the money ho would
have purchased fish entrails or tho
oflal from horses used for food, and
perhaps a handful of scraps from a
garbage barrel. With these he would
have feasted with his family and
with them prayed that thc gods
would give him a better day tomorrow, so that he might reclaim his
"The pawnbrokers fatten on these
wretches as in no other land. It is
impossible to escape them, and they
never relent. Anything that costs
above 10 cents can be pawned.
"Until midwinter one con exist in
Shitaya without bed clothing, but
when the nights get cold, with thc
fearful piercing frost of a Japanese
winter, some covering must be had.
Now appears another plunder of the
poor in the guise of the capitalist
who rents quilts by the night. He
charges and invariably collects from
I farthing for a shred of dirty,
l»atched old rag to a penny or even
lour cents for a foul but heavy covering. Then, too, there are frayed
silk quilts for bridal couples, but
these are too costly to be rented by
many bridegrooms.
"Kent must he paid in advance and
before the family go to sleep the collector conies and gets either the mon-.
ey or the quilt. With a refinement,
of cruelty, he does not appear until
tho lesee has turned iu, and the loss
of his covering will be doubly felt.
There are heartrending scenes when
she penniless mothers strive to hold
the quilt to protect thoir babes from
the chill and damp. Like the pawnbroker and' the moneylender, tha
quilt lender is flinty hearted.
"/Few of the inhabitants of Shitaya
ever get. money enough ahead to buy
bed clothing, and the ghastly tragedy of renting is re-enacted again and
again for Winter after Winter. Where
there are so many children having
but a few cotton rags, the Winter
means acute misery.
"Nothing that was ever edible can
become too bad for the poor to use.
From this and similar quarters the
scavengers go forth daily searching
for food, and they rake the city aa
with a comb. Hack they come at
night laden with bad rice, decayed
fish and meat, scraps from slop barrels, broken food from restaurants,
and> all manner of queer odds and
"This second-hand food business
has an extensive language of its own
with special terms for every kind and
condition of edible junk that is
brought to the quarters. Tho jargon
is wholly unintelligible to tha uninitiated and few there are who caro
to learn the language of the freezing
and starving who rent rags and dine
on offal. Few there aro who care to
learn thc unintelligible to the uninitiated, and language of the freezing
and starving who rent rags and dine
ou offal.
"Foverty hns its ultimate expression here—its last word."—Mail and
Catharine Alsopp, a Sheffield washerwoman, hanged herself with a
clothes-lino In her bod-room, and in
the Inquest the following composition, loft by hor, on a piece ot sugar
paper, was rend to the Jury;
Hero lies a poor woman, who always
was tired;
She lived in a house where help was
not hired.
Her last words on earth were: "Dear
friends,  I am going
Where washing ain't done, nor sweeping, nor sewing;
But everything thero is exact to niy
For where they don't oat, Uiore's no
washing of dishes.
I'll  lie  where loud anthems will   always be ringing,
But having no voice, I'll bo clear of
the singing.
Don't mourn     for    mo    now;  don't
mourn for me never—
I'm going to do    nothing    tor   ever
-nnd ever."
The jury unanimously returned    a
verdict of    "Suicide during  temporary insanity."
According to the Chicago Tribune,
there is a now "Labor Cloud" in the
stockyards of that enterprising village. Swarschild & Sulzberger, one
of tho big packing firms, is about to
discharge all union employees in ita
plant. President Donnelly, of the
Butcher Workmen, is going to appeal to the A. F. of L. for assistance, and if that bo not sufficient,
he will resort to still more drastic
and dreadful things, as for instance,
a boycott of the firm's products. The
Tribune is in error in terming this
prospective unpleasantness a "new
labor cloud." It is not a cloud at
all, much less a new one. It is the
same old nightmare that has made
hideous the wage-slaves' dream ever
since that particular typo of slave
existed. Nothing very alarming
about it either. Tho only effect of
this nightmare is to cause the slave
to indulge in tho strike, boycott and
similar somnambulistic acts. The
only element of danger In such performances Is that tho sleep-walkers
are liable to get thoir shins barked.
1        :
; ' aalMMii-aVnMMMMfir:'
JM WMWJt BtaaMlDir. VJflW^J**..
Ita Western Clarion
Published every Saturday ln the
interests of the Working Claaa alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Haatinga
street, Vancouver, B.  0.
Strictly la Advance.'
Yaarlj- anbaerlption carda hi lota of
•va or mora. 75 oenta each.
Advarttalng  rataa  on  application.
IJ yon racaiva thia paper it la paid
Address all communlcatlooa to
Box 836,
Vancouver. B. C.
Watch the label en your paper
If this number is on it, your
•ubscription expires next issue.
SATURDAY. NOV. 4, 1005.
The problem confronting the civilized world today, and in no uncertain manner demanding solution, is
what is commonly termed the labor
problem. Perhaps it would be more
proper to term it the problem of
what shall be done with the enor->
mous power of wealth production
that has been conjured forth by the
countless generations of men that
have lived before us, and which power the present generation is busily
engaged in still further increasing.
This power of wealth production is
even now so great aa to almost stag"
ger belief, so great, in fact, as to
keep the world's market at all times
full to overflowing with all the thing*
required by man for his sustenance,
and comfort, and this, too, with less
than the total amount of available
labor being utilized in the process of
To the beneficiaries ot the   present
order of human society, i.e., to those*
who     come    into  possession of  tho
wealth produced, because of the   favorable position they occupy in     tho
social   and     industrial  arrangements
of this age, there is no problem   to
bo solved, hence no solution to    be
either    offered or entertained.   .But
to than    portion    of human society,
which, because of the position it occupies, is denied participation in the
benefits arising from this marvelous
power of production,  there is a problem  to  be solved;   a most   serious
one,  and ono that demands of    this
particular part   of  society  that     it
find* a solution or perish.
To the capitalists, matters as they
are, arc quite satisfactory, and no
alteration or readjustment of social and industrial institutions is
necessary. To the workers, matters
are far from satisfactory, end a
change is peremptorily demanded.
It remains for the class in human
society that recognizes tho existence
of a problem, and whose material
needs are forcing it to seek a solution, to depend solely upon its own
resources to solve the problem. In
other words tho working class must
find and apply its own remedy for
the economic ills under which it is
now suffering. It is the only class
in society at all interested in effecting a cure. •
That the workers may know just
how to move in tho matter and in
what direction, it becomes absolutely necessary that thoy understand
the nature of the swindle practiced
upon thorn under the present or wage
system. Although they may feel
that they are robbed, if they do not
understand where, or by what process, the robbery is effected they
will be unable to deal intelligently
with the matter, and will be more
than liable to purwue lines of action
that must inevitably lead to disaster. However, dry economic discussion may, at first glance, appear
to be, and however prone the workers may be to avoid it in favor of
the more ridiculous reform small
talk and sour stomach clatter that
is so plentifully dished up'on every
hand, the fact still remains that
without a clear knowledge of capitalist production and thc process by
which the workers aro fleeced;, the labor movement is without compass
or rudder, and consequently tho sport
of every adverse wind or tide. Socialist speakers and writers cannot
be too persistent in sticking to the
lino of economic discussion. Time
spent in painting'beautiful pictures
of a glorious future that no one
knows how to attain, is worse than
wasted. Sound knowledge of the
present system of property and pro-
duction is absolutely necessary to
the working class, If it is to strike
from its limbs tho shackles of wage
servitude. It alone can determine
where, when and how the blow for
Freedom may be aecceaafully struck.
A great deal of rldlculoua spluttering is being indulged in over what
is termed tho Criminal origin of the
Rockefeller and other great fortunes.
The Miss Tarbells, Miss Lawson and
other misses and misfits whose songs
are especially attuned to the ear of
'the small-fry swashbuckler In the
crusade for wealth and power, commonly termed business, have cleverly pictured the methods whereby the
great masters of industry havo attained to their position of affluence
and mastery in so far as' those methods brought them into relation with
other swashbucklers and pirates in
the great gamble for profits. To listen to these harrowing tales of the
cold, calculating trickery, and unscrupulous cunning practiced upon
their competitors by the present
lords of oil, and copper and beef, etc.
is quite sufficient to bring tears to
tho eyes of a wooden Indian.
Though tho Tarbells, Lawsons and
the like may perchance have overdrawn the tale of iniquity, there
seems to he ample evidence to show
that tho successful big ones have not
at all times, in the conduct of their
business affairs been over-particular
in following thc rules of moral and
ethical conduct that are laid down
in the golden rule and other Christian preempts, or taught in Sunday
school books. But granting all this,
however, it should not be taken
perfect avalanche of fraud, trickery,
deceit, swindle, misrepresentation chi-«
canery and grafting. It could not
be otherwise. Based upon tho wholesale plunder of the workers, lt logically follows that capitalist property should conform to a like moral
and ethical code in its retail operations. Capital being criminal in
its origin it can breed nothing but
a civilization reeking with vice,
crime and moral degradation. If
anyone doubts that present civilization is of such a type they need but
read the daily press to have thoir
doubts removed.
 . 0	
WANTED—For tho Industrial Evangelical Mission of Northern India,
men and women of the industrial
mission type, men who understand
trades of all kinds, women photographers, stenographers, kindergarteners, confectioners, box makers,
dress makers, knitters, etc., must
havo the gift of child development,
and be consecrated Christians, ready
to go out for Christ's glory alone,
and not for personal gain, to teach
ithe widows and orphans of India
how to work, and in time to become self-supporting missionaries.
Apply to Secretary of I. E. M., 76
HaytJer street, Toronto.—Toronto
Daily Star.
The widow and the orphan are entitled to the tender consideration,
and heartfelt sympathy of every person. To be left in the world without husband and    father to  protect
aB I them,   is sad  enough of itself,     but
justification    for the assertion  that     . • • .*.-    m.      j *
when    on   top of this they do   not
their fortunes are of "criminal origin." Tho cautious person will first
make sure of his ground before
launching -so serious a charge.
Suppose A has B brought into
court under the charge of having
robbed him. In tbe course of the
trial the fact is brought out that, in
the first place, A and B, acting together, robbed X, a third party; and
the offense charged against B, was
committed in the division of the
plunder taken from X , B having
tricked A out of what the latter considered his rightful share of the
spoil. No court in Christendom
would hold B guilty of having committed a crime against A, but both
would be clapped in jail for the robbery of X.
The business world of today is busily engaged in desperate warfare
over the division ot the plunder taken from the workers in the industrial
field under the wage-system. Out of
this warfare has grown the big capitalists who have been able to best
'their competitors in the struggle because of their koener business sagacity, and perhaps more unscrupulous
cunning. As the big fellows arise
out of this fierce warfare of business, their unseccessful and beaten
competitors indulge in mournful
howl because of their defeat, and
charge the successful ones with all
manner of crime in carrying out their'
purpose. Rut tho fact still remains
that these business worthies, both
big and little, have been engaged in
a fight over the division of the plunder which they have taken from the
working people. In this struggle
over the proceeds of rotybery, some
are bound to get the worst of the
deal, while others get away with the
loot. The latter are our successful
business men of the Rockefeller, Mor.
gan, Gould, Hill and Vanderbilt type
and are entitled to congratulations
over the happy outcome of their business ventures. The former, the unsuccessful ones in the business scramble, are entitled to no one's sympathy, though a kind providence has
created Tarbells, Lawsons, etc., galore, to paint their heart-burnings in
colors most livid. Thc criminal origin of fortunes either groat or small
does not lie in the tact that one business man tricks another out of
what the latter considera his share
of thc plunder taken from labor, but
reaches down into the robbery of labor itself at the hands of the business world. In this robbery the entire business fraternity da implicated
either as direct plunderers or in making way with the loot.
No man acquires a fortune as the
result of hie own labor, but by acquiring the results of the labor of
others. It is out of the product of
the labor of the wealth producers,
tho working people, that all fortunes
are builded. These products are not
purchased from the wage-slaves who
by toil and sweat bring them forth.
They arc Just merely taken, that's
all, the trick of wagea affording an
excellent mask beneath which the
robbery ia effected without the victim realizing how it ia done.
Tho criminal origin of the Rockefeller and aU other fortunes rests in
the robbery of labor. Tho pitfalls
the robber* arrange for each other
in the division of the plunder, neither adds to nor detracts from the
original crime. They merely show
that there is not always "honor
among thieves."
As a result of the original crime
upon which capitaliat property la
based, i.e., the exploitation, of robbery of labor, there cornea forth   a
know how to work, the feeling of
sadness that must inevitably come
to every one who appreciates tho
dignity and honor of labor should
be as overwhelming and chilling ns
a veritable wet blanket. If these
widows and orphans of India do not
know how to work, they are thereby
evidently debarred from adding to
"Christ's glory," because the qualification especially necessary to equip
'the missionary for service in that
line is the ability to work, as set
forth in the advertisement.
If the natives of India, widow, orphan or otherwise, do not know
how to work, they are not in a position to add anything to the glory
of British Capitalism in its brutal
rule over that unhappy land. The
glory of Britain's rule is measured
by the amount of plunder taken from
India by Bri'tish capitalists. This
plunder represents the product of
the labor of the propls of India.
Therefore, Britain's glory depends
solely upon the people of India knowing bow to work. Those who do
not know how to work cannot worship at the shrine ot her glory, because they are unable to contribute
tho wherewith to keep the fires upon
her altar burning.
Strange, though, it may seem, it
rather looks as though there was
some sort of a relationship, or at
least a bond of fellowship, between
"Christ's glory," and that of British,
capital in this particular instance, in!
asmuch as tho ability to work seems
the sole qualification necessary to
add to the "glory" stock of cither.
Many a tearful wail is heard because
the common people arc falling away
from the Church and its co-related
institutions. And yet the reason for
this falling-away is as plain as a
f'pike-staff." Every move that is
made upon tbe chess-board of events
by these institutions that were at
one time reverenced by tho1 common
herd, is proving the truth of the Socialist contentions that they are but
parts and parcel of the prevailing
system of property and their every
act is shaped in conformity to its
requirements. As they strip thc
mask of,humbug from themselves, as
in the advertisement above, and
stand forth in all their nakedness as
mere adjuncts to the present worldwide systom of trade.and commerce,
small wonder that the one-time reverence turns to disgust, and former
loyalty  becomes   open  repudiation.
Every ono possessed of understand-
one knows full well that the "Christ's
glory", referred to is merely the
glory of Undo, and that trade is inspired by the wholesale robbery practiced upon British workingmen at the)
hands of Capital. The proceeds of
this robbery must be disposed of by
being converted into additional
means of exploitation, or Capital.
That the natives of India and other
not yet Capitalized lands may be
rendered subservient to the advancements of trade and commerce, unsuf-
fcrable hypocrites and humbugs
wearing the pretended mask of
Christ's glory are sent among them
to hypnotize them with mysterious
Incantations and frighten them with
blood-curdling ghost atories Into such
a stage of soporific docility and
meekness aa will properly conserve
tho ends of the trade pirates and
commercial brigands who profit by
the swindle.
Let the I. E. M. no longer emblazon "Christ's glory" upon its escutcheon. A bale of Manchester cotton goods will be far more appropriate, and less deceitful.
Perhaps the most nonsensical
"bug-hear" used by the upholders of
capitalist society for the purpose of
frightening ignorant people and arousing their prejudice against socialism is that it. would "destroy the
home." The inference to be drawn
is that capitalism on the contrary
conserves, protects and defends the
lt requires no very keen observer
to discover tho fact that capitalism
is the force that is disrupting fondly life and destroying tho home, in
so far as the working class is concerned. With nn ever increasing uncertainty of employment, and a continually decreasing wage when employed, it becomes more and more
impossible for a working man to se.
cure and maintain anything worthy
of the name of homo. Another powerful factor in making a permanent
homo impossible to a very large number of the workers is tho continually shifting ' nature of their employ,
ment. This renders it impossible for
thorn to permanently locate, which is
ono of tho first requisites towards
establishing a home.
The pressure brought to bear upon
the wage-earnera by the exactions of
capitalist production renders it imperative thnt wife and children be
driven into the wage market to be
sacrificed to thu god of profit, in
order that their earnings may be added to the miserable pittance earned
by husband and father, which has
already fallen below tho amount necessary to maintain the family. The
tendency is continually in the direction of converting all members oi
the working class family into wage-
earners at the earliest possible age.
That this is absolutely destructive
of home and family life is beyond
To learn how completely, effectively and rapidly tho home life of the
agricultural population is being destroyed one need but read tho United
States census reports dealing with
the reduction of the farmer from the
proprietor to tho tenant and wage-
slave class. The stability of tho
home and its efficiency as an uplifting moral and ethical force depends upon security in possession of
its material factors, if the ownership of these factors be not absolutely secured to the members of the
family, the stability of home and
family life will be destroyed and
their uplifting tendencies be marked
by their absence. To thc destruction of tho home and consequently of
family life, due to the capitalist system of property and wealth production, may easily be traced much of
the degradation and vice prevalent
in the great cities typified in their
slum and restricted districts. Denied the security nnd protection of
home and family life, thousands of
the women of the working class aro
swallowed up in that sink-hole of
capitalist iniquity known as the
"red-light" district, there to become the victims, along with countless thousands of the men of thc
working class, of a system of property that erects countless barriersi
in tho way of tho realization of that
home and family life towards which
the noblest and best of human effort is always reaching.
Ths average working-class "home"
is but a poor apology for, and a
base libel upon the genuine institution. Tho very poverty that is expressed in the wages upon which its
occupants must live, precludes the
existence of but few more attractive
and home-like qualities than those
possessed by a dog-kennel. Want,
arising from a scanty wage, or tho
fear of want because of the uncertainly and insecurity of emidoy.
ment are ewer present within Its precincts. Such uncongenial members of
tho family circle can add nothing to
tho "comforts" of "home," nor to
the uplifting and ennobling joys of
family life.
The less said about the homes of
tho "upper classes," perhaps the
better. They are, as a rule, known
to be the vulgar barracks wherein
is made equally vulgar display of
the proceeds of that coarse, brutal
and unscrupulous robbery that is
perpetrated upon the workers in tho
arena of industry end commerce.
With their protcntiou* dimensions,
brazen surroundings, garish furnishings "be-gew-gawed" female equipment and servile attendants, they
become about as gross a libel upon
the ideal home and family life as do
the "warrens of the poor."
All of which leads us to remark
that the charger that Socialism
"would destroy the homo" carries
no weight for the reason that capitalism has well nigh finished tho job
already,  and capitalism still   roigns.
Furthermore, whatever foul thing
the exponents of the existing order
of society may accuse Socialism of,
will in all cases be found to be ono
ot the many foul things of which
capital|sm is already guilty.
iSmT" Every Local of the Socialiat
Party of Canada should run a card
under this head. 91.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings. John E. Dubberleyi
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alt. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; .1. G.
Morgan, secretary, 651 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
Union Directory
When They Meet ;whtreTlwyMe;
-Bvery Labor Union i
Sited to pl^e a cam'-MrieV tb*lSSla? '
month.    Secretaries plea-* uo!c e*d' U*
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside Block, 813 Cambie
Street, (room I. second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
D. P. MILLS, Secretary.
Box 836,  Vancouver B.  C.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. P. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. O. Gribble,
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
Phoenia Tradea and Labor
Meets    every    alternate   nT
John  Riordan, president-   p°,
Brown, vice-president-   P Ti
casse sergeant-at-arms'; w'hV
b"ory'DS*fcreV'y-treasurer, P n "
198, Phoenix. B. C. U
Phoenix     Miners'   Union    m  "
W. F.M.    Meets   eve?; st J
evening at 7.30 o'clock in m-1
1 l"i^Zi^
Society leaders are to dance with
labor chiefs nt "Hull House Ball,"
in Chicago. P. 11. Dolan, of the
Urooni-makers Union is to lead the
grand march with Mrs. Henrotin. In
this manner will society and tratles
unionism mix things. At least this
is the way of it as told by Chicago
papers, and just think of it, the ball
ie to be given by the Woman's Trade
Union League. Society men are to
whirl through the giddy mazes of tho
dance with working girls. The labor chiefs are to wear spiko-tailed
coats, and the working girls are to
be so decked out with finery as to
render it next to impossible to distinguish them from real aristocrats.
This condescension on the part of
the high lnuck-a-niucks of "sassiety"
in thus setting their polish and tweed*1
ing alongside the dignity of labor,
should go far towards removing any
prejudice Brother I Abor might have
against Brother Capital and forge
once and for all the. bonds of amity
and good-will between these sometimes warring brethren. This striking affirmation of the brotherhood
and sisterhood of master ami slave,
as exemplified in the joyous dance
through the mazes of which the
bejewelled lady of society is piloted
by the strong and protecting arm of
tho sturdy "labor chief," of the
Hroom-makers' squad, is an inspiration that should have a far-reaching
and lasting effect upon that great
labor movement that is based upon
an "identity of interest" between
capital and labor. The memory of
Dolan in a "spike-tailed" coat leading the grand march with a society
leader, should go a long way towards allaying the pangs of hunger
that might, perchance, and upon occasion, seize at tho vitals of the
rank and file of his union in consequence of a too abbreviated wage.
Great arc the achievements of organized labor. This latest Chicago achievement is ono of the greatest ever.
The VOlCEl
Alwvys a fearlcsss e^nenTuTiSl
cause of labor. |
Por one dollar the paper will i. I
sent to any addre«s (or one year
Workingmtn of all countries »fli I
soon recognize the fact that the,
must ripport and read their l.W
pap', rs. ■
Issued every Friday.
The Voice Pubthing Co., LImIm|
J. El>Wl«D BiajL A   1'  BMMWjj
OEO. K. McCrossaX
Tel. ua.   P.O. Boi'-a|
314 Haitians Stmt     .     yiKwm
Published  Weekly by ths
Weitera Federation 01 Miners
A Vigorous Advocate ol Labors]
Clear-Cut and Aggressive,
Per Year $1.00.       Six Montlia, 1
Denver. Colorado.
Practical I
aud Shot I
Ilaml-Mnil" Bont» and Shoes to urJ-ri-
•11 atylcit.   kt'ijaimu j.r-.mj.i'.y uti.lunl.
ly done.     Mock  of staple read} mi*
Sho-m always on hand.
24M Wntauatier Ave      Moist
Booth's Pilliga Scrub scheme to
(lump large quantities of the human garbage resulting from Knglish
capitalism, upon the desert wastes
of Australia, has been abandoned. It
was such a recklessly inhuman and
brutal proposition that it over'tax-
ed even the stomach of the capitalist press and brought on quite a nt
of gagging, in consequence of which
the "General" threw it up. It muat
not bo inferred that the "General"
gagged,   however.      lt     would     take
more than thnt to turn tho old hypocrite's stomach.
The Provincial Government has decided to enforce the eight-hour law
in conl mines. Several informations
hnve lieen filed at Cumberland
against the superintendent of the)
colliery, nnd a number of the mon,
for violation of the act. It would
be really awful wore this superintendent sent to jail as according to tradition, that is a privilege reserved
for "working plugs." We sincerely
hope the danger may be averted.
 o _
According to eastern papers there
are good prospects for a huge strike
of teamsters in New York City in
the near future. The employers are
engaged, in gathering a force of
"strike-breakers" to meet the emergency. This is especially refreshing
news as it has now been some weeks
since the Class Struggle has boon
fought in the economic field upon any
scale worth mentioning. W* hall
with joy thc coming of tho day when
the festive brickbat may bo heard
to boom again, "
Kurtz's Own
Kurtz's Pioneers
Spanish Blossoms'
Single copies 5 cents. 6 copies
ajctnts. 15 copies, 511 rents. IP
copiesfi.no. 100 copies and off
2 cents per copy.
These rates include postage to
anv part ot Canada or the UWi?
 Printed in tlie Office of-—
16s Hantingn Slw-t
Box 836 Vancouver,
Per year, |ioo. Si* owntlnl
cents.   Strictly in advance.
Bundles of a.s or in"" leemp
The Western Clarion ii*"1"";
of *
compromising   «        - ,|,e
revolutionary aspiration* w|"J
working class iu the aWJJ
of capitaliat property atnl >U«0Br
piement, the wage system.
155 Cordova Strait
And  have  It rejuvenate *"*
Ufa.   Old Hats Cleaned. Pr***-
Made aa Oood as   Ne*  W «
workmen and at moderat* cw •
Elijah Leard.
United Hatters of North Amem
Whan you ara buying • rva BAT '• •» *
UaiinlM   Itnlo.   I ..Hal   la   MWed  in   "■■ .
tha O.nulne Union Label la eawed
haa looaa labels in hla poaaeaalon •"id/J-m,
one in a hat lor you, do not patron".*
latwls tn retail stores are counterfeit"^
Union Label to parforatad on lour edK**'   ^   *#■
same as a poatag*- stamp.    Oountariran*     Uol- #-
Unas parforatad on thras adgaa. «"d '° d,|Pt>l« »'
on two.    John B. Stetson 0a., of •->"»
non-union concern.
JOHH A. MOrriTT, President, Orang*. ^
11   (V av,r"
MAftTIN   LAWLOR.   Secretary.   U
Maw York. ^ggPAt. KOV> < ***
prlviice Show* How Umltti Is l.i Knowledge ol the Socialist Movement
ths wisTMty oLaUtioif. viireoimat, i. a
ben, of the    German Soc-
ratic  Congress,   which late-
like members    of
KTn Berlin.
f«ala«S elsewhere, have.tiaei.
P",, occupied in quarreling among
■*V lvw   There ib ft r*Ul*r Wttur
.       , ,«« iuifinu  between  the   old
¥ftH -™ *■ BUW'     Th«     'o1'
Is*"' ".. .till, so lo «P»aJt. waving
und  the  new.
o(   Herr Bebd,  tho   veteran
|ia*r,an-' ;-y ,,,8    -j-j^.y jjeijove in
Karl Marx and   La-
I .. .InBtrlBl'S   Of   *
Italic, an-1 '"
jftctly' content with a tew    trifles
moderate reformers would    be
r h as thL. nationalitation of     the
KS the abolition    of all    private
ti* lloctr* continue to repeat   them
l"lr!ve the confiscation of stocks
l1^ shares, the extinction of private
KaarablP. andjhe conversion of the
Em into the supreme capitalist and
ETemployer of labor. On the oth-
ihind. there is a large party, ln-
lldioK must ot the younger leaders
Km ability, who point out that
|ls remarkably temperate and rea-
Kuble   programme,   whatever    iu
IKti'.'»i "»-"-it8' u*utUe *m-
lllt of realization. Pending the
Koiplcte reconstruction of society
Ituiu top to bottom, they submit
■that it inigl" I*-' more politic to con-
LniraU' attention on a certain num-
Ihpr ol reforms which are somewhat
Ls dlfflcull of attainment. rnvesc
Called political Socialists are1
Isaiightily scoHed at by the old stall-arts, who ilcuounce them as little
Ihitter than allies of the capitalists.
flocked, some of 'beta are capitalists
lisd employers themselves. Never-
ltheless, the political Socialists are
Ifainini* ground with the workinr*-
l-nen, antl the old rigid group seems
llikely to be reduced to a compara-
Itrvcly unimportant  faction.
The fact is the modern Social-Dem-
ncratic party scarcely deserves more
libati half ita name. It ia becoming
■much more democratic than soclalis-
|uc. It is true that Socialism Is
jcberisherl as a pious opinion by many
■German artisans, as for that matter
lit is the ra.sH all over the world. So-
IciaJism is so vague and visionary a
lewd thnt anybody may tootd it
■without much thought of printing its
lary tenets into o|-era tion. Such is
■lhe situation of many of the Gor-
Iman Social-Democrats. In practice,
Ithpy have Iktoiiio largely transform-
|«d into mere politiial radicals. It
111 not so much revolution they are
IteeUng as the redress of grievances
land the concession ot certain rights
lihiih have been granted to their
■fellows in other countries. lliey
lvould like, for one thing, to make
Koostitinionnl government a reality.'
|ln Germany the.v have a parliament
" a very wide franchise, but there
scarcely    any responsible govcrn-
Jmnt.     The    executive is not under
■the romrol of parliament,   and     the
lparliaiiiint   is not  under  thc control
fit the   majority    of thc electorate.
OwtnK   to   plum!   voting, property
Jifialifn ui inns,    and  the    manner     in
Whiih    ih"    Mmstiituencics  aro     ar-i
(ringed, onn vote has by no     moans
Vie value,    if it hail,  the     SocloJ-
isnocrati    would    constitute moro
|tr.an half  the    Reichstag,  for  more
Kotos were east for their candidates
V the last genera] election than for
ill the other parties put together.
German Liberalism seems. indeed to
on the down grade, aad has been
prgely superseded by the Soclal-
TOMKrary, which represents in a
■nor* Mivorous form the old Liberal
frrotnst against privilege, class hsgis-
P«'"on and monopoly.—Editorial in
faily Province of Oct. 33.
'a the first place, the congress
|»hiih "lately met" did so in Jenn,
><! not    in    Berlin, and no quarrel
ttniTtd anion? the members there-
Considorable discussion took
Jjlaic over matters ol tactics only.
pare was no difference aa to principles. The three questions that
(took up thc tlme of the congress
Ne Whether the party should tako
J"*rt in thc elections for the Prus-
fM Undtag; what the party's at-
r,!,llte should be in regard to the
^"•md ballot where no Social-Domo-
Patlc candidate was in the running.
*>d whether the party members ln
rh'' Reichstag should form coalitions
■j*"'1 capitaliat anti-government par-
P'"1 'or the purpose of pushing
Prough reform measures. All of
■ tan 'fiestions were settled without
TjWTWlug, the minority bowing    in
h^'ission to tho will of the major-
'y      So   miirh for the Province'a
im! n "' ,n,, nuarreling, the wish
Pn«   evidently    father    to       the
The revolution 0f '48 was purely
I* bour8pois affair and all reference
I ° the red flag in connecUon with it
i,7Urely out °*p,ace- Tb* red
£J ' ,0 « certain extent a hourly*0' on'hlem,    but It is only used
»te "■"so not infrequent occasions
■th/ lh° blg bourn»ol" swine crowd
Iswitt,M!Uy   pi«,otB    **ny <rom tho
■Lr! tr°"8h' wh»« «-«« ™«ter of
I rcmonic8 smother imr ^^^ by
l^ferouHiy .houting,   "Ootogl    go-
¥"*■   gonoi"
'tween °r COntrwvcrBy r««ing be-
inow •■ ,h° old aoc,aJi»t» and tho
Ithe' p ,M'ro,y * "fment hatched in
-LI2Iirc*    Sanctum.    The new
ones are just like the old ones, only
more so.
That Hernia,, Socialists or any
other advocate "the abolition of
all private property,'' or "the ex-
tinction of private ownership," is
| ono of those things "made out of
whole cloth," whatever it may be call
od. German Socialists like all others have the only conception of private property that contains within
itself tho elements of decency. As
dull as the average capitalist apologist may be. he cannot. iw ignorant
of this fact.
True the .-Socialist programme is a
•"■little difficult of realization," for
the reason that every instotution of
capitalist society iis arrayed against
it, not the least among which is the
capitalist press, which pours out
columns of misrepresentation, misstatement and downright falsehood
at the behest of the particular predatory interest, it serves, at so much
per serve.
As Socialism Implies democracy
carried out to its ultimate conclusion, i.e., applied to industry, it is
refreshing to learn that the "German Social-Democratic" party ls becoming "moro democratic than socialistic." This is a chunk ot wisdom that bears tho earmarks of being at least first cousin to an "Irish bull."
German constitutional government
does not sufficiently differ from our
own brand to kick up a row about,
lt probably has a few more "ragtag and bobtail" remnants of Feudalism hanging on to it than the British article, but as far as being a
means of holding wage-slaves in subjection to the capitalist profit-skinning process, cither brand will do
nicely. Neither the German nor British Socialist need hanker after any
Improvement in this respect.
In voting for members of the
Reichstag (German parliament) "one
irOte" has "one value." There ia
neither plural voting nor property
(frialifica'ion. Every citizen 25 years
of age, or over, who has not been
disqualified because ot insanity or
some criminal offense,  has a vote.
Tho Social-Democrats at the last
■,-viierul election polled nUoul on.-third
Ol the total votes cast, or ailvmt one-
half as many as "all the otber parties put together." All of which
goes to show how well (pialifiod the
Province man is to write of things
of which he knows nothing.
German liberalism, >ust like the
Canadian, or any other brand is Indeed, on thc "down grade," and for
tho very good reason that that for
whiih it stands is a decaying institution. Just as capitalism becomes
more fully ripe and ready for overthrow at thc hand of.tho revolutionary proletariat that itself has
brought forth, so will the political
expression of that uprising class increase in vigor and that of decrepit
capitalism sink into decay. That- is
unless the Province affords a few
more editorials on "German Socialism" Such grotesque productions
are liable to throw the entire evolutionary process out of joint.
The Socialist movement is essentially a revolutionary movement in
all countries alike. U o*i''s at
tripping the means of wealth product ion of their present capitalist
chur.irtor by converting them into
collective or public property, to bo
operated solely for the purpose of
producing things for the use- of    the
producers, i.e.', the.v wlio do the
work. This transformation o* Property  murU-s  the end     ol     cupilalist
cluss rule, and consequently tha end
of thnt class instrument,  lho   State.
to i»e followed by an administration
of the affairs ol production and distribution in conformity with the
purpose for which they ft" cft,rietl
on, and that is the comfort and welfare of all citizens alike. To assort
that the Socialist contemplates making the "State the solo capitalist
and employer of labor," is but to
display a woeful ignorance of the Socialist programme, an ignorance that
could be no moro pronounced had tho
ppraon so asserting obtained h.s
knowledge solely from reading Jack
and tho Beanstalk."
There arc many of those grotesque
Oggs laid in the editorial sanctums
of capitalist newspapers. Tho «£
,,r should be careful in regard to ok
Za much stock in them. As « .uto
2y a.- unfertilized by fact. Wh.to
hy will .10 to sit upon during   the*
■ZeVW'    Perloii   thoy    Will not
lent vvriti ^  by  a corrcspond-
Bal'Pennv to ono of our esteemed
I'ur tho y i ,morning contemporaries,
later c" !lv'fttion of a Cabinet Min-
lArchplgh onlaI Oovernor, or on
Itender «?u- Catch * yaun« ond
l^neath .utocr"t- Incarcerate him
|»or Ah0 *""is of historic Wind-
Itiirch t„ P1>,y flagellation, with a
1     ' lWo or three Unas a day   tor
x Itod    iM-itloni provided  ny    h.s
xaitou    ■'" ..   (hc  sustenance
t^A-,™   Leicester Plon-
Dostul receipts for tho fifty largest
cities in the United States during
September show an increase of 10
l»er cent, over the same month last
year, says the Springfield Republican. In railroad earnings there hns
been an increase of G per cent Finally. Fall Hi'ver, Mass., cotton manufacturers have conceded an advance
Ot Ave i*:r cont. in employes' wages,
an advance which seems to be justified by the statement that the American cotton manufacturing industry is in a decidedly improved condition as compared with a year or
two years ago.—Exchange.
The increase in the postal receipts
is doubtless due to tho larger number of dunning letters the merchants
find it necessary to send out in order to collect their bills. The six
per rent, increase in railway earnings may or may not lie taken as a
sign of increased prosperity, as it
might l-c offset hy an increase in operating expenses. That five per cent.
increase in tho wages of the textile
workers, however, may be taken as
a genuine sign of prosperity, so overwhelming in its magnitude as to
convince the most skeptical. The
textile worker who previously squeez-
i-d painfully along on the miserable
stipend of $7 r»er week, now finds
himself rnisitl to the very pinnacle
of affluence by the addition of this
generous .'15' cents conceded by the
employers out of the very goodness
Of their hearts. With this splendid
addition to his fortune, which, if
divided among wife, children and
self, would amount to something
like seven cents each per week, what
a glorious vista of wealth and independence oi»ens out before him in
place of the slough of poverty and
despond in which he had been
floundering previous to the arrival
of this tidal  wave of prosperity.
Prosperity? Why, certainly. Who
can dispute it.
If anything were needed to prove
the Tom-fool character of the existing social system and fits resultant
brutality it is richly supplied by
such events as that now proceeding
At Hemsworth in South Yorkshire,
where hundreds of miners are being
ejected from their poor kennels of
houses  into   the  streets  and   lanes.
Women (some in the extremity of
maternity) and children with mon
huddled together in tents, shi-ds,
Workshops, i Impels and wherever
pity can bestow them. AH this, not
because their lords need thc houses
ifor the minis at Hemsworth are
not being workexl anyway, owing to
some financial reconstruction), but
because of some difference between
the miners and the company still unadjusted.
How arrogance on the one hand,
and servility on the other, with ignorance over all have made possible
the stupendous apathy that reigns
almost supreme around such a condition of things is enough to make
one despair, not only of social progress but of the persistence of any-
feeling deserving to bo termed human, did we not remember that this,
like the incident noted before, is the
legitimate outcome of the social system rather than a conscious conspiracy agninst human welfare on tho
part of any. The class consciousness
of the owning class (far more perfect thon that of the workers) may
be termed both positive and negative,  positive  in  demanding the   ut-
Patronize Clarion Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.76.
Bundlos of 35 or more copies   to
one address at the rate of one cent
most farthing and the absolute
rights of property, real and personal with which the law, of their own
making, has fortified them; negative
as manifested in their utter irresponsibility and consequent indifference
to the result in society.—Stonehenge,
in Winnipeg Voice.
 , o	
The newspapers in glaring headlines announce that "Russia celebrates gift of freedom." It appears
that Freedom is something like a
chew of tobacco or a drink of booze.
Something to be handed out as an
expression of good-will. Something
to be given or withheld according to
the whim or caprice of the owner or
custodian. This removes much fog
from our mental lookout. We were
tailoring under the delusion that
Freedom was something to be taken,
and could lie acquired in no other
way. The conviction still lingers
with us that, the Freedom which has
l»oen given to the Russian people will
prove but a sorry substitute for the
real thing. Something like our own
for instance.
Thc new main railroad station nt
Ijeipzig, Germany, now being con.
structed, will be tho largest ln the
world—that, is in covered area—920,-
518 square feet. It will have 20
tracks. ; The cost of the construction will be $.M),940,000, of which
the city of feipzig contributes $3,-
808,000. Several millions are to bo
borne by the German Federal Post
Office department for a separated
Post Office station, which will not be
completed before 1914. At the present time the main railroad station
at St. Louis, with an area of 39,-
4.r)0 square meters and 32 tracks,
occupies the first place.
Father Hagerty has not been heard
from for lo, these many moons. Can
it be possible that he has met with
disaster by becoming entangled in
the spokes ot that famous wheel of
his own creation?
'  Out   7/ictoria Jidvertisers -
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
Mat tresses,   Upholstery,    Awnings,
and Window Blinds.
Repair Work a Specialty
Carpets   taken   up,    Cleaned by our
Electric Carpet Cleaning Machine
and re!aid by Experienced
Phone. 718.    100 DOUGLAS ST.
From $25.00 up
32 Broad St.   Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
20 Johnson St.. Victoria. B.C.
IKIIverf-d to any part of th* city.   Ask
Driver   to  call.     Thon*  849.
Victoria General Agent for The
•      HERALD
"     NKWB
"      WORLD
Also handles San Francisco     Sunday Bulletin and call.   Prompt   and
regular    daily    delivery   servicei     td'
P. 0. Box 444 VICTORIA. B. C.
Maaatactsrar ti |      THB	
it I Ctatrt It.       RKOI8TKRED
VICTORIA. B.C.  Lm«i------m_mmm
rCR   .A.   CHAWaE
71 fiavtraaest Strut, "Victoria, t. C.
3. s and 7 STOKE STREET
and    Poultry   Food    to    obtain
best results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
All   Descriptions  of    Ladies'     aad
Gents'     Garments  Cleaned  or Dyed,
and Pressed   Equal   to New.       Dry
Cleaning a Specialty.
118 Y»teb9t.   Viotoria. B.C.
Harris <9fe Moore
Dealers In
Bicycles, Guns, Ammunition,
And Bicycle Sundries.
42 Brood St. VICTORIA, B. C
Phone B969
by buying this
reliable, honest,
high grade sew*
ing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co..
Hudson's Day Company, Agents
of"its  old  nobility
Printing That Is RIGHT
OUR JOB PRINTING Department haa been recently added
to by tha purchase of a new
Job Press and other malarial. Our
Job Department ts stow turning out
the beat job, commercial and other
classes of printing. If you have anything in the way of Billheads. Letterheads.    Envelopes,    Cards,   Tickets,
The Western Clarion
Programs, Dodgers, Pamphlets or
Books, or any kind of Printing which
you want executed promptly aad
correctly,  send it here.
Mail orders (or Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed to tha letter and aent return
mall. Prices ths same aa for work
done ln this city. Try ua with an
Albion Stove Works,
FACTORY, 38, 42 Pembroke Street,    -     -    VICTORIA
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Douglas Street,    -    -   -   VICTORIA
121 Hastings Street,   -    VANCOUVER
We, the Socialiat Party of Canada,
iu conventi n a f embled, affirm ou *
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog.an*, of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should ?u*tly belong.. To the
ownera of the meana of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecuurtnic system is based
upon capitaliat ownership of the
meana of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist claaa. The capitaliat ia
master; the worker is slave.
So long aa the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of tha .state will bc
used to protect and defend their property rights in the meana of wealth
production and their control of thc
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
Tbe interest of the working clasa
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of weslth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitaliat and ths
worker is rapidly culminating in I
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—th* capitaliat to hold;
the worker to sec are it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of thc
Socialist Party of Canada with tha object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, ss follows:
i. The transformation, aa rapidly
aa possible, <i capitaliat property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organisation and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
at possible, of production for use instead of production for profit
The Socialiat Party, whan in office,
shall always and everywhere until.tho
present system is abolished, make tho
answer to thia question ita guiding
rule of conduct:. WiU this legislation
advance the interests of tht working
class and aid the workers in their clasa
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party la for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party ia absolutely
opposed to it
In accordance with this principle tha
Socialiat Party pledgee itself to con-
duct all tie public affairs placed fat
its hands In such a manner as to pro*
mote the interests of the working claaa
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
'    Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between tbe capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from, and opposed to all parties of the capitalist clasa.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19	
 Chairman         Rec.-Sec.
1    :
.•"  ;
■ ■ . ■
" 1   ,
I SB-'
tit wmttg otAiioii. ^QotmM- 6.,
• ir -ilu
i ■■■■
Socialist Party of Canada
J. O. MORGAN, Secretary. Vancouver, B. 0.
Vancouver, B.C., Oct. 31.— Present
Comrades   Peters,     chairman;   Leah,
Organizer Kingsley and the secretary.
The minutes of the previous   meeting  was read and approved.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From Toronto Local, enclosing $2
for atsmps.     Received and filed.
From Cora. A. Boyo, Hamilton,
concerning the formation of a local
in that city.
Toronto,   (stamps)      S2.00
ing were read and -adopted, and the
application of three new members
was ordered to take the usual course..
The following warrants were authorized:
For due stamps   S5 00
ForRent     3 50
For Stationery   50
Services of Mrs.  Lewis    13 00
Vancouver, B.C. Oct. 31.— Present
Comrades   Peters,     chairman;   Leah,
Organizer Kingsley and the secretary.
Tho minutes of tho previous   meeting was read and approved.
Tbe following correspondence was
dealt with:
From Victoria Local, enclosing the
monthly report, $2 for stamps, and
nominating Revelstoke as place of
annual convention. Received and
From Fernie, enclosing $4.00 for
stamps, and nominating Vancouver
as meeting place of convention. Received and filed.
From Revelstoke Local nominating
Vancouver as place of convention if
it should be found expedient to hold
one.    Received and filed.
From Kelowna, (Okanogan), Local,
concerning party work in the valley.
Received and filed.
From  Com.  W. Morsch, Peachland,
B.C., 'concerning  the formation  of a
local.     Received  and  complied  with.
From Vancouver Local, nominating
Vancouver  as  place  of convention.
From Lena M. Lewis, concerning
lectures in.Oreenwood and Phoenix,
and expressing inability to proceed
further.   Received and filed.
From A. M. l,e\vis concerning his
trip to Vancouver Island.
Vancouver Local,  stamps    $5 00
Total   $22 00
Tho program committee reported
having secured the services of Comrade Kingsley as speaker for next
Sunday evening, and suggested that
we engage the City Hall for the occasion. Moved and seconded that
the City Hall be engaged.     Carried.
A motion to invite Mrs. Lewis to
speak on the following Sunday. Carried.
After the transaction of various
other matters, a motion instructing
the secretary to subscribe for Socialist literature in the Italian language, was lost, on account of the
financial shortage.
The financial report for thc week
showed receipts as follows:
General Fund   #S15 00
Literature sales        3 90
Dues account        5 25
magnatea exploit the middle-class,
and professional parasites who form
the bulk of policy holders.
The utter hypocrisy of the outcry
now being raised by the Canadian
capitalist press over these disclosures, is evident in view of the fact
that precisely similar misappropriations of trust funds have been practiced here with the sanction of tho
legislature, if not with the active
approval at. least, without a word
of protest on the port of those who
now profess such solicitude for the
widow and the orphan. At !the time
of the South African war, when the
jingoes were raising a "patriotic
fund" to encourage the enlistment of
Canadian niercentarJles, municipal
Councils and financial corporations
subscribed considerable amounts. Of
course they had no legal or moral
right to do this; but when did Capi'
talism ever allow such a consideration to interfere with its purposes?
Any ratepayer or shareholder who
objected to being robbed for such a
purpose might have taken thc matter into the courts. So tho jingoes
went to the Ontario legislature and
tho Ross government introduced and
passed a bill (Ontario Statutes,
1900,   Chap.  2(i.), enacting  that   all
grants of money which might be
made by municipal councils or any
other incorporated company within
the legislative jurisdiction of tho
province, to the patriotic fund, or
in uid of the Canadian forces sent
to South Africa, or their families,
should be declared to be legal and
valid. And every single member of
the cowardly subservient outfit, Grit
or Tory, supported this act of spoliation and so gave a direct sanction
and incetive to fraud and rascality
in those in charge of trust funds.
Needless to say, not one of the whole
crowd of sycophantic editorial humbugs, who are now bemoaning the
terrible lack of principle and common honesty of American financiers,
had a word to say in condemnation
of the measure. There was no
thought then of the widow and tho
orphan or the poor investor.
When i>eople are encouraged and
applauded for appropriating trust
moneys to "patriotic" purposes, it
is hardly surprising that after a
while they do some stealing on their
own account. Had as the Yankees mny be they have never fallen
to the low level of Ontario in sanctioning betrayal of trusts by legal
The wage-worker at no time has
any control over the products of bis
labor. These aro the property of
the capitalist, or concern, that purchases his labor.power, and become
swallowed up in the sum total of
wealth taken from the working-class.
Out of this wealth the worker may
purchase to the extent of his wage,
thc price ho receives for the sale of
his commodity, labor-power. It ia
needless to remark that this pure-basing power falls far short of the
full value of his products.
Powell Strut, Cedar Cove
Mounting Large Game Heada a
Taxidermist and Furdressw*
826 fudsr It. Opp. Peopla's TkeuJ
We solicit the business of Manutacturera,
Rnpineers and others who realize tbe^vkaUb
ill'of having their Patent busioeas transacted
v Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
noderate. Our Inv.ntof.^AdvUei■ seal J»*■
request Marion & Marion. New York Life Illdg.
Montreal: oud Waah!t*3toU, B.C, U.S.A.
Total   $24  15
•One dollar being    on account   of
ratlle on town lot.
After adoption of financial   report
the meeting adjourned.
•   D.  P.  MILLS,
- —o	
Our winter propaganda started
with a lecture by Comrade Mrs. Arthur Morrow Lewis,, on Monday evening, Oct. 3lst., taking for her
subject "Social Parisitism." There
was a fair audience considering it
being Monday evening, and a few
counter attractions. Mrs. Lewis is
a pleasing speaker, and will certainly leave an impression wherever sho
goes. We expect a visit from her
husband on Nov. 12th, who will lecture for us on that date.
The business meeting night of this
Fernie  Local,  stamps       4 00 11'00"1 h .s botcn !*£*** iTom   -Tues~
Victoria  Local,   stamps       2 00l',tt-v cwn,n* to Wednesday evening
The British parliament at its last
session defeated what was called
the trades disj-utes bill, which
was intended to invalidate those
principles of law maintained in
what is known as the Tall-
Vale decision of the House of
Lords, the court of highest resort in
England. The defeated measure provided that it should be lawful for a
person in his individual capacity or
as representative of a trades union
to "attend at or near a house or
place where a. person resides or
works, or carries on his business, or
happens to be," for the purpose of
"obtaining or communicating information," and ".peacefully persuading
any person to work or abstain from
working." It     further     provided
that no act which it was unlawful
for one person to do should be held
to be unlawful if clone with or without agreement by a greater number
of persons, and that for the acts of
its members or others no action for
damages should lie against a trades
union. The defeat of this bill means
that as far as England in concerned,
labor, organized and unorganized,
will remain precisely where it has
been placed by recent court decision
in this country and England—exactly  as  liable,   financially  and     othcr-
Warrants were ordered   drawn   ft*   n Plac«?° 4Coln' McGregor, resigned;
the following amounts' ( ora'   Stott bcln*  vice-organiser     in
M. Lewis,    expenses,   balance due 	
Chas. H. Kerr &    Co.,     balance on  share stock 	
Comrade Marcon has been    elected
•11 00 I or£anizcr for tnc balance of the term I wise,  for  its actions and  their   con
 ' -« "—   »*-"    —'-*-* 'sequences, as capital is and has teen,
or any other man or woman who is
not technically a "laboring man" is
and has been liable.
From    a    lot. of typical bourgeois
$7  00
3 80
Total   810 80
Tho regular business meeting was
held on Monday evening, Oct. 30th.
Comrade Morgan in the chair.
The minutes  of  thi; previous meet-
ng vice-organize
place of Com. Stow, who is now in
Vancouver, and Com. A. J. Arnason
also being now located at Vancouver, who was treasurer, is succeeded
by Com. O. Lee Charlton, who, with
Com. Marcon, are two members of
the nucleus of three years ago,
which evolved into the Local, an integral 'part, of what is now the Socialist Party of Canada in line with
the great international movement of
the revolutionary working class.
Victoria, B.C., Oct. 31, 1905.
119 Indiana Road,
Toronto, Oct. 24, 1905.
Wo have just got over another jingo carnival—the celebration by the
official parasites and intellectual
hirelings of Capitalism, and the mob
of middle-class mobs and hero-worshippers of centenary of the battle
of Trafalgar. There have been pages
of newspapers devoted to adulation
of Horatio Nelson as a model of everything noble and heroic—with ail
reference to his amour with Lady
Hamilton discreetly omitted. There
have been concerts and parades and
addresses to school children with the
usual flummery and (lag-flapping, and
on Sunday thc black militia had
field-day, and Ood Almighty was accorded due credit for his supposed
share in the business. Of course we
were treated to the usual nauseating
cant of the s|>ccial favor accorded by
Ihe ruler of the universe to the British people and the glorious mission
of thc race to introduce civilization
and Christianity everywhere, etc.
Well, why not? It is merely a matter of demand and supply and .as
the church-going public appear to
like this kind of twaddle, and certainly continue to pay handsomely
for it—of course the trade will furnish it. Thc occasion is mainly
noteworthy as showing the determination of the capitalist class and
their following to take every opportunity of fostering the military spirit, of course with the solo object
of strengthening their positions and
keeping down thc, workers. As to
the whole sordid, servile crew of intellectuals—tho editors, pulpiteers,
college professors, etc., who come to
the front on such occasions they are
simply doing what they have to do
to hold their jobs or get better ones.
Not one in ten of the scurvy crew
of mental prostitutes cares a continental about Nelson or the Empire,
or any other of the little tin gods
. to whose worship they attune their
I»ns and voices. They are simply
out for the stuff. It is only the ignorant and stupid who take their
splurgy eloquence at its face vulue.
'thoughtful trades-unionists can
hardly be blind to the significance of
the donation of 11,000 by Lord
Strathcona to the funds of tho Labor Temple. Apart nnd aside from
Socialism, Strathcona is a prominent member of the class who have
grown rich by despoiling the people—the class which trade unionism
professes to antagonize. He has
made his millions by means of a
-  franchise corruptly granted by a vil
lainous crew of politicians in return
for political support and campaign
fund subscriptions^ and now poses
abroad as a philanthropic and public spirited magnate. Never, how-
ovcr, does he for a moment lose sight
of his class interests. When such a
man subscribes to labor funds it indicates pretty clearly that Capital
ism feels that it has nothing to fear
from the lubor movement and furthermore it regards an occasional
sop of this kind as good policy. No
doubt it is shrewdly calculated that
such favors strengthen the hands of
the re-actionary element and tend
to prevent the spread of Socialism.
Strathcona, Carnegie and those of
their kidney, surely rate the intelligence and class fldelty of the workers very cheaply when they think
that by tho bestowal of a fraction
of their ill-gotten gains they can induce them to forget the mode in
which their fortunes were acquired,
and perhaps acquiesce in imperializ-
ing schemes for the perpetuation of
their own enslavement. But, unfortunately, the actions of the workers in the past, has generally justified such an assumption.
Thero is a long, loud universal
howl of execration, astonishment and
horror from tho capitalist press over
the revelation in connection with the
American life insurance frauds. The
Globe, Mail & Empire and the rest
are printing articles exposing thc rot,
tenness and demoralization prevalent
in American circles of high finance,
such as a few months ago would
have been characterized by the same
editors who are now tearing their
hair and getting black in the face
over the wrongs of the widow and
tho orphan, as the rankest Socialism. It is very tunny how innocent
and unsophiscatcd these fellows are
trying to make themselves appear.
Socialists, of course, have no particular reason to get excited. They
have known all along that high finance and low finance and every form
of profit-mongering was nothing but
robbery and extortion clear through,
and have been roundly abused and
vilified for saying so by these same
hypocritical journalists. In view of
the continuous robbery of the workers by the appropriation of tho surplus value created by their labor,
all the thievery of the life insurance
Officials becomes merely an insignificant episode. It is of no practical
interest to the workers, who, as a
rule, are too poor to indulge ln the
luxury of life insurance, to what extent    the    Mg    financiers and trust
slobber dished up by Senator Kirch-
hofTer, in London Outlook, the following  choice  tid-bit  was  found:
"Mr. Ralph Smith, M.P., of British Columbia, represents, cherishes,
and is cherished by the extremely radical nnd aggressive labor interest of
his province, three thousand miles
from Ottawa, on the Pacific Coast."
It will be news to British Columbians that Smith "cherishes and is
cherished" by any "radical and ag.
gressivc labor interest" in the Province or anywhere else. It is a well
known fnct that he is practically repudiated by every decent person who
Is at all familiar with his career
and record. Tt is more than hinted
that the property interests, that at
one time used him as a decoy to lead
the workers into the shambics of exploitation, have no further use for
him as he can no longer deliver the
 o — ,
G. E. CunlifTe, a clerk In the employ of the Adams Express Co., and
who handled probably $1,000,000
yearly, recently made away with
$100,000, and has so far escaped
arrest. In view of the fact that
Ounliffe drew down the magnificent
salary of $55 per month, it is difficult to imagine what possible use
he could have had for the $100,000.
Tho enormous quantity of 80,000,-
000    foet    uf   gus is escaping daily
from what is said to bo the largest
gas well  ever struck.     The well  wus
drilled by thc Philadelphia Gas company,  and is located near Weston in
Lewis county in West Virginia- When
the  tools struck  the opening,     thero
was a rush of gas which hurled great
boulders    from the well and     drove
everyone away from the derrick.     It
is estimated that the well has a pres-4
sure of 1,400 pounds to tho   square
inch, and every effort to get it under
control has failed.     The roar of the
escaping  gas can  be heard for  miles
around, and the gas, which at   night
has     a     phosphorescent  appearance,
stands like-  a  great column of     Ure
above  the derrick.
Redemption   by   irrigation,   is     the
cry of 100,000,000 acres of arid America,   whose  lowest  worth  is estimated at $10,000,000, and, saved, will
oiler living room to over 20,000,000
additional  inhabitants,     ln  the government  project  at  Yuma,   Cal.,     it
will  cost  $3,000,000  to bring     this
project  to   the  self-supporting  point.
To fully develop  tho system until  it
■shall     reclaim      the  1,200,000 acres
proposed      will      cost    $22,000,000.
There will be an extensive canal system  over  the entire  reclaimed country        of        nearly        2,000    square
miles.    These canals will furnish waterways for traffic und pleasure boats
The  waterfall   will  furnish  all  necessary  water  power,  for mills,   factories,   and  electric  lighting,   all   ns     a
by-product    without diminishing    the
thc value of the water to  the crops.
At     the lowest  probable price,    this
lund will bring $120,000,000,  tho electric   energy   * 100,000,000,   the  navigation  $12,000,000,  making a  total  of $232,000,000 of value for an
investment of $22,000,000.
Tho Baptists of Western Washington, having declared for "pure democracy," and proclaimed "soul-liber.
ty," assert that any violations of
these principles by coercion, cither
of organized capital or labor is a
menace to our peace and security as
a people and a nation." All of
which is very fine and also quite
startling. "Soul-liberty" is an especially valuable asset to he who
is held in economic bondage to capital through the present wage system
As capital does not lose anything by
it, it should be satisfactory all
ACCOUNTING. $50 to $100 par
month Salary assured our graduates under bond. You don't pay us
until you have a position. Largest
system of telegraph schools in America. Endorsed by nil railway officials. OPERATORS ALWAYS
IN DEMAND. Ladies also admitted. Write for catalogue. Morse
school of Telegraphy. Cinclnnatti,
O.; Buffalo, N. Y.: Atlanta, On.;
I,a Crosse, Wis.: Texarkana, Tex.;
San Francisco, Cal.
f Second Hand Dealer
Largest and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves In the Olty.
Sell For Less
<i      Boom  Chains,    Augers,  Log-
4'  gors'  Jscka,   Etc.
We have moved Into our new
and  commodious  promisee:
138 Cordova St., East
'Ptiooo 1579        Vancouver, B. C.
J. A.  HAMLEY, Prop.
Fresh aad Fish aid
Salt Maats Vegetable)
Tt is stated that ten per cent, of
the United States soldiers in tho
Philippines become insane. Nothing
strange about (his, however. They
must have boon feeble.minded or they
would not have enlisted. None but
feeble-minded would enter the army
in a country where military service
is not compulsory.
Such rare values as those ([noted
below should not be overlooked. It
is Impossible for us to convey to you
fully through »\n advertisement the
rich savings this store offers yon.
Entvr any section nnd immense bargains  wiil  confront you.
Speceal Prices
Hair Brushes, $1.25 each,  now ...90e
Hair Brushes, 75c each, now   50c
Shaving Brushes, $1 each, now ...75c
Shaving Brushes, 40c each, now 25c
Syrup of figs, 50c each, now ...H5c
Effervescing   Salts,   $1   per   bottle,
now   70c
Dr. Peterson's Kidney  Cure, $1.00
|kt  bottle,  now     75c
Almond  Cream, 50c,  now   40c
Glauber   Salts,   |>er  lb       5c
Chinese Catarrh ("ure, 50c, now 40c
Bronchial   Lozenges,  25c  ikt  box,
now     15c'
Witch   Hazel  Ointment,   25c  a box,
now     2(»c
Arnica Ointment, 25c a box, now 2»»c
Scott's  Cnibolic Ointment,  25c a
box,  now   , i  20c
Stewart's  Kidney Pills,  60c a box
now   30c
Gastoria, per bottle   206
Syrup  of   Hypophospbltes,   $1,601
now     95-3
Emulsion Cod I,iver oil, $1, now 70c
You   savv  from  25   to  40  per  cent,
on your prescriptions here.
Our  Cubeb and Tolu   Cough     Cure
falls to do what is expected of    it
once in two hundred times.   At   suclt
times we desire to refund  the money
imid  for  it.
On the whole it is Ihe liest Cough
Cure we have ever seen tried. It does
tho utmost possible good without
possibility of harm. Pleasant to.
take, prompt in results, ujially good
for children or adults.
Two Sizes
25 and 50c.
WANTED:      by      Chicago   \vholestlJ
house,    Sfiecial     represent alive   ;ur|
each  province   in Canada.    Sali
$20,00   and   expenses paid weekly]
Expense    money   advanced.   Itusi-T
ness successful;  position 1-crmanem.l
No   investment   required,   Previous
experience   not   essential   to cngaH
ing.     Address
General Manager,  182 I^lce St.
Chicago, 111., v.s.a.1
Russian Events and Their Bearing
Upon the Labor Problem   .   .   .
Sunday, Nov., 5th.
This issue is No. 846. If this ill
tho number upon your address sllpj
your subs'ription expires with thill
number. If further copies are dcsir-l
ed, renewal should be made at onal
If care is taken to renew before tbel
expiration of the old subscription it|
will greatly simplify matter! in thi
Office as well as avoid any break U|
receipt of papers.
Box 8116,
Van< ouver B. 0,
Negligee Shirts
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now
some of the choice ones will be t
early,   and   somo  of  tho d»l|M
cannot duplicate.     If you sppnrli
unusual styles It will ints-eat »os U|
como promptly.
Flatiron Hats
The Smartest Soft Hat ol the Stitti
1 These Hats have been enthusiaitH
cally received by young men lr»|
the very first day wo brought UjSJ
out. Neither trouble nor M|M»I
has been saved in the productioi «l
those goods, as you will oheemwf,
acknowledge  upon  examination.
110 Cordova Street
Prescription    Mljtt    Orsiglsts
58 Cordova St., opp, I'. Hums & Co. '
75? Cordova St.,   next to   Hartr.-y'o.
Cash Grocery Storel
Wo also carry a full Has ot Ml
ture,   on  easy   payments,   ai  v . I
that cannot  be  duplicated,
inspect our stock.
Cor Weslselester Ave and llarrio $trt*|
There are still a number  of houses within the radl»« °* ®
Electric Lighting system that are using- coal oil lamps.     ^
should not be.
The Electric Light I. the  modern  light,   the  safe light
USED,     nJ
convenient light,  the cheap light.       ONCE
USED;   that is why we ask; you to try it.
Call and soo tho Chief of   our Lighting Pepurtmea
the matter over.
I  ami
■ ■■•■■■ mam


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