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The Western Clarion Jun 25, 1904

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•JUN 3 0 1904    £
Tin- 1*
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, June 25, 1904.
Subscription I'rine
Per Ykak
Knowledge the Guide to Right Action.
1,     are     many   persons   in   the
s.„i,i!i"t  movement who insist upon
ecessity of adopting what they
working program." to act as
de to those who may be electe
office.    To insist th
the 11
term a
w legislative     — - ...
jiu   -lifeguards   be  provided,  so  th.
corrccl action may be assured, is b
means unreasonable. Right actic
not, however, be secured by me
working   program,"     recipe   i>r   fur
mula.   There will still be somethin
•eking.   We must first understand
blera  before   we  can   solve  it.
lie wrkers of the world are t
day suffering at the hands of the pr
jpi',1 system of property owncrslii
jml wealth production known as tl
capitalist system. I" desultory an
laphazard fashion they are from rim
;o tune rising in rebellious prote
leainst its galljng yoke. '• If they su
in liringing relief to some pa
■ ire  spot,   such   relief  tur
raise the "dough." In this case they
will again become commodities and
resume ..the old refrain of buy me;
buy  me.
Capitalist    production
jUt  tobe   temporary   only,   and   th
■yen   at   the     expense    Ol    increase
rareness at some other point.  As t
otism   of   capital   becomes   mo
and   the   tribute     levi
ipon ii" victims more and more n
protests       beconi
indulge   in   ora-
and        "windv
blc,    their
oiu'.tr.   ;iik1   tlieir
non  frequent and threatening. I'rat
we   may   of   "better   conditions'1
lily   bawl   about   "human   right--
'freedom,"   "justice,'
ghts," and lavishly
orical      outbursts
ihrases" to our heart's  content, but
(lie   fact   remains   that    the    problem
ill be unsolved until we have taken
he    trouble   to   acquire   a   thorough
nderstanding  of  it,  and   our  action
been     guided     solely   t>y   such
nowlcdge.      What     shall    !>"   done
ith the present system of property
id prodtiction?     This is  the prob-
in.   It- solution is  wragped up in
system itself.    To  arrive  at   the
iith.n \\f must understand the sys-
•111 in all that that implies.
Sound and therefore effective pro-
lag  nda   work  can   not   be   done,  ii"r
: action upon rtM pair Of elected
embers   be  assured,   unless   propanidid-     and     representative-    have
.quipped    themselves   with   a
jiorough  knowledge   of   capital   and
capitalist  system.     In   the   lighl
i  this  knowledge   the   right   line   of
tion    becomes    clear.     No  further
take- can In made.    All by-paths
obliti rated
Thorough  knowledge    of    capital
nd capitalist    production    becomes
hart, compass    and     rudder,   to   the
:ing  class  craft   <m   the   sea   of
ics.    In  the    absence  of  chart,
mipass   and   rudder   navigation   can
t lie made safe by "working pro-
rams" no matter bow carefully pre-
ex.inline or analyze a material
ibstance is not a difficult ta"k. Being
latter in concrete it easily come"
ithin each of the senses." Analyz-
'K that which must be dealt with in
ie abstract is, however, a different
latter. Ii does not come within the
"'•-'■ ol sight, touch, taste, smell or
earing; ii can hot be weighed upon
le scales, nor measured by the vard
mx but must be dealt with tneoi
tically, or by the exercise of the reading faculties. To a person with
jmd untrained to reasoning, or who
ay.be afflicted with mental laziness,
appears to In a waste of both time
tt energy to wade through the
IM 1"' ^''rN ''""' "!ll<'rs in their
W,r.;v analysis of the present sys
V lhey want something easy and
■F'Hy get it by falling afoul of Bel-
my - Looking Backward," Blatch
|"i" Merrte England," or some-
l"ig o„t of that great volume of
l»"l>li ct trash which so industri-
V>\\ has; been scattered broadcast.
P me twinkling of an eve they are
Reverted, and if perchance gifted
l'"i Kab, they are heralded forth
I Well qualified, and fully equipped.
I carry the "glad tidings of great
l> to the hungry multitude. With
I enthusiasm born of sentiment nn,i
|0fJ intentions, they unwillingly bc-
■me more efficient instruments for
fating confusion, than was the
K'ea . bull in a china shop."
I !' his analysis of Capital and Cap-
l»"t l roduction, Marx found it ncc-
isary to begin with the
I     Analysis of a Commodity
I the wealth of capitalist countries
lixared to him as an "immense accu-
I' atton of commodities.'} Com-
I'dity as here used is a term applied
I useful articles or things, under
|tatn conditions. Articles of food.
fining, furniture, hardware, etc.,
|y> Or may not, be commodities. As
■ whether they arc commodities or
I  "epends upon the circumstances
■ conditions under which we may
I lem- ,A l)air Of shoes displayed
I'1 ;'ea,cr 8 window are a commod-
|    I hey arc for sale.    They natur-
■ ask beg. beseech, implore you
|my them. The same pair of shoes
■l|)c possession of the dealer or
■l'» Person, for their own use are
I '?"*" a commodity. They no
K,,. l ' l)°K- beseech, or implore
■""chaser; they merely ask their
fcr tfl u»e them. When put to use
lrnmP 'Vn-oved from the category
■ commodities never to return, un-
1.1 I?,erc',ancP their owner gets so
■M up that he has to take them to
r second-hand dealer in order to
combinations   of   pur-
e matter of keeping the
"As  values,
only   definite
is that which
quantity of use value.. We
only referred to the quality of the
goods in question. To saj that the
Utility of the one is double that of
the other furnishes us with no definite measure of the Utility of either.
In   dealing   however   with
Exchange Value
we have  a  different  matter in  hand.
VVe arc now dealing with quantity,
thing that can be definitely measured
However   peculiar   it   mav   seem   it   i
nevertheless a fact that u» hundred
and  perhaps  thousand"  of years,  tit
exchange of commodities    had    bee
carried   on   without     the   participant
understanding   how  or  why  they  ar
rived at certain conclusions as to tl
matter of exchange.    It was left fc
Marx   ti    discover,   and     set     tort
clearly.   ju<t      why     certain     article
exchanged   equally  in   the  market.  0
hi event of this equality being lack
iug,    an    accurately      determinabl
quantity   of   some   other   commodit;
could  be  thrown in  to strike  a   bal
As Marx expresses it: "Exchang
value, generally, i" only the mode 0
expression, the phenomenal form, o
something contained in it, yet distin
guishable from i'.."
All commodities are rh< product o
human labor. Human labor is th
one thinP that is common to then
all. and therefore, becomes the basi
of all exchange of commodities. A
Marx puts it: "The value of on
commodity is to the value of an;
ither, as the labor-time necessar;
for the production of the one is t.
that ni cessary for the production o
the other."
all commodities ar
masses of congealei
The labor time mean
is socially necessary, i
by means of up-to-date method
and appliances. The money expres
sion of the exchange value of a com
modity is teran ' its price. _ The prio
of an artich being me dollar, mean
that a- much lab"- tune is embodiei
In its prod ti. in, - is embodied i'
the produci i of one dollar 1
should alw i> - be borne in mind tha
"each indi\ lual i ■ mmodity, in thii
connection, is to be considered as
average sample ol  its class.
In    individual    instance"     the     ex
change may be out of proportion on
way at one time and the other way a
another.    Averages   alone
Labor or labor-power which is th
basis of exchange is likewise a com
modity. As a rule il is measured b;
time, as per hour, per day.-or week
f! possesses no utility or use-value t
it- owner the wage-worker, becaus
he has no ownership oi the mean
whereby to utilize it. that is land i
machinery.    He is therefore compe
led   to   depend   upon   the   sale   ol   h
labor-power  in   order  to  prolong  hi
existence.       lie   throws   it   into   t
market as a commodity and awaits
purchaser.     Like  all   other  COmmod
ties   the   exchange     value   of
power  is  determined  by  the
necessary labor-time embodied  in  it
production.    This will b expres
the money term  or wage.
\ certain amount of labor-time
embodied in. say. the U. S. dolla
which contains 25.8 grains of gold
.() fine. Now let us suppose that a
equal amount of labor-time is embodied in sufficient food, clothing,
etc., to keep a working man one day,
which is equivalent to the generating
or producing one day's labor-power.
The labor-time embodied in the dollar, and the day's labor-power being
equal, their exchange value will be
equal, therefore, expressed in the
money form the price of labor (wage)
will be one dollar per day. If the
supply of labor in the market be limited and the demand strong the price
will tend upward. The competition
among buyers can express itself in
no other way. In their eagerness to
obtain the necessary labor to carry
on their enterprises they will be
forced to offer more. The more pronounced becomes the undcr-supply of
labor  the  more  powerless    becomes
any,   or   all
chasers in t
price down. If the market on the
contrary be plentifully supplied the
price will tend downward. The competition among sellers of labor-
power can express itself in no other
way than by cutting prices. In sheer
desperation they will be forced to
accept less than the former price.
The more pronounced becoma the
over-supply of labor the more powerless becomes any or all combinations
of sellers (wage-workers) in the
matter of maintaining prices
(wages). No combination of men in
any line of commodity have ever yet
proven powerful enough to maintain
prices against an overstocked market.
Owing to its extremely perishable
nature it is perhaps greater folly to
attempt it with the commodity labor
than  with  almost  any other.
As has been already stated, the
motive of Capitalist production is
used  in  this sense,  when  Stripped  of
all sham, is merely getting something for nothing.    In  getting some
thing for nothing some one must get
the worst of it. This is a self-evident proposition. As to who really.
(£ts the worst of it in this great Capitalist swindle there is much diversity of opinion, even among professed Socialists. If we were to
engage in the buying and selling of
commodities, always receiving and
paying the exact exchange value of
things, no profit, in the business
sense, could possibly accrue. That
enormous profits are made by some
process hidden to the great mass of
the people, is certain. That the
greater portion of those who reap
these huge profits do not themselves
k iow just how it is done, and why
it happens, may well be believed. The
average wage is today the full exchange value of the commodity labor
power. In accepting it the workers
get all they are entitled to under the
present system. The system could
give them no more if it would. As
a commodity labor-power must accept the "dictum of the market."
along with all other commodities. As
to how the whole trick of human exploitation is turned VVe reserve for
next   issue.
As Played Upon the Stage ol Class Rule.
The continuum
on at the theatre
Habeas corpus
performance is
denied by Peabody,
who is sustained by the supreme court
of the state.
Application for writ of habeas corpus made to the federal court on
behalf of Chas. Mover, is granted by
that court.
the chair ring led directly to the house
of a detective employed by the Mine
Owners' Association. Upon second
tral they led directly to the house of
another of the same delectable fraternity. The dogs were suddenly
ca led off, and their peculiar actions
hushed up. They were not even sent
to the "bull  pen."
The sheriff who had at once sur-
ro.mded the scene of the explosion
with 150 deputies, and wdio was pushing the matter of unearthing the criminals who caused it, as well as all
t' er of the civil authorities who
i\ re aiding in, or sympathizing with,
su*' procedure were forced to resign
th r offices at the point of the revolve , or by threat    of    hanging.      A-s
SU.ii   resignation:*   were   torced   at   the
ha '• of members of the Mine
.('•••^ •-' V.ssoeiatic'i and •he G"tta**s'
\lliance foi the purpose of preventing further search for those who
caused the explosion, no strong pull
required  to draw a conclusion.
The curtain can be rung down upon
this brutal continuous performance
only by the hand of a class conscious
proletariat. The result, of the coming
elections in the statfs will no doubt
be strongly significant ol the fact that
the "proletariat" is rapidly awakening.
Spee'd the day when fully awakened it
shall strike the fetters of wage bond-
tge from its limbs.
In   the   meantime   "old   glory."   the
■inblem of the American robber class.
floats proudly over a "bull pen" whose
portals smile an inviting welcome to
every workingmah who is such ah
ass as to support the wage system by
3 vote.
Out of One lato the Other; Then Back Again.
es By Competent Masters.
ir    "bawling
to the tune of $2,500 f
out" some purchaser of
of this brand, as unfair.
In New Orleans recently the stevedore brand got a, let US hope, salutary lesson, ifu.ooo in value, for some
misbehavior termed violation of contract.
The bricklayer brand at New
Brunswick, N". J., took a $500 lesson
in order to learn it to be a violation i
of the ethical code of respectable
commodities to mutter the words!
boycott just because an objectionable
package (business agent) had been
thrown   out   of  a   "Imp.
At Lawrence, Mass.. a single package—boot and shoe worker" brand
—of a certain shape, i. e., 11011 union,
was tin own out of Sale by a bunch
of l'>. and S. Workers, of another
shape, i. e., union. The offending
ones paid for the lesson to the tune
of $1,500, which went to repair the
injured feelings of the outcast package.
This course of culture well followed out will, it is expected, in the
course of time bring this ill-behaved
commodity to comport itself with
that dignity and self-respect which
is the Hall mark" of respectability
among its fellows.
But a few years since a Democratic
governor, and administration in the
state of Idaho, erected an elegant
"bull pen," and by the aid of its military, filled it with the hapless victims
of corporate rapacity, typified by the
mine-owning concerns of that state.
We refer to the incidents in connection with the Coeur d'Alene strikes,
at the time the odorous Democratic
governor. Steuncnberg, was in office.
It will be remembered that
Colored Troops Were Sent in by the
Federal Administration
to aid the good work of outraging
the supposed rights of citizens, and
overriding all the rules of common
decency. It will be further remembered by some at least, that the
miners on strike at that time were
members of the Western Federation
of  Miners.
It seems that for the first time the
efficacy of "bull pens," and threatened "cow pens," was recognized as
most excellent means by which to
impress   upon   these   miners
A Due Respect for the Authority of
and a means whereby they could be
taught to observe a proper decorum
in  its  domain.
For nearly a year we have been
treated to a display of similar conduct upon the part of a Republican
administration in the state of Colorado. The same or similar military
tactics have been indulged in. The
"bull pen" somewhat elaborated upon
has been used with such marked efficacy that it may now be considered
as a necessary part of the plant of
any well-ordered industrial establishment. While the Democrats may
justly lay claim to having originated
this '
Improved Method of Whipping Stubborn and Obstreperous Slaves
into Submission
trie Republicans should not be denied
the honor of having done valiant service   in   improving  and   perfecting   it.
"Peabodyism," so called, is no new-
thing. It is only the "Steunenberg-
ism" of Idaho a little more highly
developed. They may be termed two
names for the same thing, i. e., the
expression of capital endeavoring to
hold the slave class, upon which it
feeds, in  submission.
But bow short is the memory of
the slave. Having suffered under the
lash wielded by the Democratic automaton of capital in Idaho, only to
be followed by like suffering under
the lash of the Republican automaton
of capital in Colorado, would .appear
to be sufficient experience to convince  a  sane  person  of
The  Necessity of  Forever After
Shunning Them Both.
Not so, however, at least in all cases.
We have before us an official statement issued by District Union No. t,
\V. F. til., of Cripple Creek, Colo.
Coming as it does from the very
Storm centre of the trouble in that
state, and where advanced "Steuneii-
bergism" has worked itself out with
a tion of the imagination. There is
no difference between the Republican
and  Democratic parties.
Capital Rules, and These Are Its
Political Expressions.
Each stands for the same thing.
"Capitalist Class ownership of the
means of wealth production, and
production for profit. Capital feeds
upon the unpaid toil of the slaves of
mill and mine, factory and farm.
When these slaves become refractory
they must be whipped into submission. Republican or Democratic administrations, as the case may be,
Elected by the Slaves T nerselves to
• Apply the Lash.
The world could well stand the
closing of so-called "Peabodyism and
its iniquities." if along with it might
but go that wall of ignorance that
is  responsible  for such  assininity.
It has been frequently mentioned
in our exchanges of late., that the
rigorous methods used against
members of the W. F. of M.,
strie in Colorado, are prompted
cause these men are socialists;
W. F. of M. in. convention having
advised its members to support the
Socialist ticket. Granted that this
is true, a useful lesson may be drawn
from the experience, nevertheless.
By taking part in disturbances in the
industrial fiField, the workers, perhaps unwittingly, place themselves in
a position wdiere they may be reached
and prosecuted for their political convictions.
The Colorado experience shows
bow dangerous it may become to unduly tamper with the food of a savage beast. The stream of surplus
value upon which the ferocious beast
capital feeds has been for some time
seriously interrupted in Colorado,
which is enough of itself to make the
beast mad.    But there  lurks with  us
?t the
irc^n'  mix-tit
being used to locate, and dispose
of. certain ones wdio are inclined to
at some time shut of the feed altogether. It is well known that the
organization of the I.adysmith miners
a little over a year ago, and their
affiliation with the W. F. of M. was
accomplished at the instigation of
Dunsmuir tools, for the purpose of
locating and driving from the camp
every socialist before the coming of
the next election. Thev who would
stand bv the W. F. of M. in the strike
which was to occur as n part of the
scheme were to be slated as socialists and weeded out. The scheme
failed to carry out completely only
for the reason that the Provincial
House went to pieces sooner than
expected, and the men could not. or
would not, be "weeded out" until
after election. The Colorado strike
mav. not have been brought on at the
instigation of the bosses, but it is
evident that they arc using it for all
there i~ id it. The deportation of
members of the W. F. of M. shows
that they know how to grasp and
take advantage of a good opportunity  to  get   rid  of  possible   socialists.
These industrial mix-ups are not
only futile, but extremely dangerous
indulgences. They     should       be
avoided as a matter of wisdom.
Safety li'es along the lines of the
"class struggle" only. Such danger
as may tie there will threaten only
the more prominent ones in the
struggle. The rank and file will be
He wise in  time.
and House of Lords in what is known
as the Taff Vale case. A line of
$125,000 was imposed upon these
packages for indulging in conduct
unbecoming a commodity. This conduct consisted in boycotting and
picketting, a most reprehensible conduct for a commodity to indulge in.
Close upon the heels of this came
a lesson given some packages of
labor-power—miner brand—in the
Cadcby-Denaby district, in which
they were forced to pay their would-
be purchasers three-quarters of a million dollars for refusing to be sold—
ceasing work. This lesson was none
too severe punishment for such unheard of and un-commoditylike conduct.
In Rutland, Vt„ a bunch of packages—machinist  brand—were  soaked
The Industrial Council of Kansas
City condemning Peabody's actions,
in the treatment of Colorado working-
men and women, as un-American, in
no wise threatens the stability of that
peculiarly American institution, the
"Bull Pen."
In denying the right of jury trial
in the Philippines the U. S. supreme
court decided that the "constitution
does not reach those islands." How
could it, when it does not even reach
The eagle rampant upon the shield
of the United tSates, should be substituted by the "bull pen." rampant.
In Colorado it is no longer considered good form to travel without a
military escort.
ntless fury, it is especially good.
As a Democratic campaign document
it is even  heller.
After recounting certain facts and
happenings in connection with the
present Colorado troubles, this document innocently asks, "Do the people really understand the situation?
Under Democratic rule Colorado was
rapidly recovering from the terrible
effects of the panic of 1893, There
had been a few industrial ebullitions;
but the wise action of Democratic
governors prevented serious difficulties. The employer and employee
were at peace with each other.
Every one looked forward to lome
years of prosperity. Then Peabody
»:i" elected."
According to this precious production from this time on the very
deuce was to pay. The damage
worked by this creature Peabody was
something awful. The previous good
work of Democratic governors was
destroyed, and the cute little dove
of peace which one time hovered
over employer and employee "flew
the coop." There is, however, a
"silver lining to the cloud." The
production wind- up with the promise that Peabodyism will be laid
bare and then—well, then, the people will speak aud Peabodyism and
its iniquities will be closed forever."
No; the people as a whole do not
as yet "understand the situation."
and the authors of the document referred to understand it least of all.
In view of the fact that the conventions, officials, and the official organ
of the W. F. of M, have repeatedly
pointed out the entire absence of any .
It has been recently stated in the
Difference   Between    Republican   or  Dominion    House,  by  the  Premier,
Democratic Administration, that the only hill of importance still
to be brought in by the government,
and   endeavored"~by   every  means   in j was  an  amendment  to  the  Election
their power to impress upon the rank! Law, which would be in the way of
and    file    the    necessity of political   improving it.   Improving it for who?
action upon class lines; it would ap-| As   there   is  not   a   member   of   the
pear that the authors  of this docu-| present    house whostands for any-
ment have either been made use of I thing that can possibly of_ value  to
by    Democratic    politicians,  or  are   the    working men, it is safe to say
entirely devoid of the faculty of un-  beforehand    that  any  improvements
dcrstanding. I contemplated arc not for them. Look
"Peabodyism," etc, is purely a ere-1 out for it.
The business men of Crinple Creek
have unanimously agreed that "in
the future, neither walking delegates.
agitators nor labor unions will be allowed to say who may or may not
labor in Teller county, or who may
or may not do business there." We
are compelled to ask in all candor
whv thev should be allowed to do so.
Under the present system labor-
power is a commodity, the same as
food-stuffs, articles of clothing, furniture, tools, etc.: and the owner of
a commodity is within his legal
rights in offering it for sale in Teller
county or any other. To interfere
with such legal rights by means of
walking delegates, agitators, unions,
etc.. is a piece of impudence rarely
indulged in by any commodity other
than labor-power. Odd packages of
labor-power here and there will take
exception to this view of the matter
and no doubt feel aggrieved. It
them possess themselves until patience, however. It requires many hard
blows to transform stupid packages
of merchandise into intelligent men.
Capitalist is administering the blows,
we are trying to tell the packages
wdiere they are hit. THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Published every Saturday morning,
in the interests of the Working Class
alone, by The Western Socialist Publishing Co., Limited, at the office of
the Universal Printing Trust, Flack
Block basement, 165 Hastings Street,
Vancouver,   B.   C.
Five yearly subscription cards $3.75.
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Address  all  communications  to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
.Watch the label on your paper.
If thia number is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
Vancouver, B. C, June 25, 1904.
Mental bankruptcy often attempts
to disguise itself in long-winded
phrases. Along with their other
achievements in the arts and sciences
the American people have developed
the art of phraseological htimbuggcry
and bamboozlement to no mea.i
degree. In their efforts to disguise
their mental bankruptcy behind long-
winded phrases, however, even those
usually proficient in the art occasionally make the mistake of so
stretching the disguise that it can be
easily seen through and the fraud exposed.
A notable case in point happened
at the convention of the so-called
Socialist Party of the U. S.. held in
Chicago recently. In the matter of
the platform adopted, the disguise of
long-winded phraseology was not
only stretched to the point t*.f transparent thinness, but to the bursting
point, and through numerous rents
the mental bankruptcy and muddle-
headedness of those in control of the
convention  becomes fully  exposed.
That the logic of mental bankruptcy and muddle-headedness should
be afflicted with the rickets need
cause no surprise. For ricketv logic,
the trade union resolutions and the
debate thereon takes the cake. The
resolutions start off with the declaration that "the trade union movement
is a natural result of the capitalist
system of production, and is necessary to resist the encroachments of
capitalism." Presumably the encroachments spoken of are likewise
natural results of the capitalist system. At least the resolution does not
state otherwise so we may. take it
for granted.
The logic of the position then is
this: the capitalist system is the
cause of certain results, and one of
them, trade unionism, is necessary to
resist the others. Unsound logic will
be wobbly on its legs. It must have
the rickets.
"It   (trade   unionism)   is  a   weapon
to protect the class interests of labor
under   the   capitalistic    system"   says
the   resolution.       Hanford,   the   vice-
presidential candidate, upon the floor
of  the  convention,   speaking   for   the
resolution,  very  neatly gives  the  lie
to this, evidently without knowing it.
In   declaring   that   the   trade   union
"dealt   with   this   question   here   and
now." he naively adds: "True, not for
all,  but  for as  many as it can."     He
then  bombastically declares  that  had
it not been for the trades union movement resisting the "encroachments of
organized     capitalism,"   for   the   past
hundred  years,  there  would  now !>'•
no  working  class   to  go   into   .Socialism. As   capital    feeds   upon   surplus
value,   whenever     there     no     longer
exists  a working    class  from  whom
such could  be  wrung, it  follows  that
capitalism   must   disappear.     Such   a
working class could cease to exist in
but  one  of two  different  . ways.    It
could perish from the earth by starvation, disease or other calamity, or
it could  end  its  existence as an exploited class by the abolition  of the
capitalist  system.    No matter  which
route were taken there would then be
no working class  to go into  Socialism, as Hanford puts it.
As the working class still lives and
thus furnishes  a  feeding ground  for
capitalism   which     would .  otherwise
perish, and as the    preservation    of
that feeding ground for the past hundred years    has    been    due to trade
unionism, it   then    follows  that  the
credit of prolonging   the    capitalist
system, up to  the present time, belongs  to  that   movement.    At  least
Hanford says so.
To sum up: "A weapon to protect
the class interests of labor," turns
out to be the sole means whereby the
life of the wage-system is prolonged.   The great Titus of Washington,
a'SilLB!  "I—"»
than whom there are none greater, in
closing the debate on the resolution,
wanted to know "what would happen
to the labor class if there were no
unions." Hanford had already answered the question, and if he does
not know, who does? Without the
trade union according to that worthy,
the capitalist system would ere this
have  passed   away.
Reckless dealing in stocks or goods
the value of which one has not determined beforehand, is more than
likely to result in bankruptcy. There
is a fundamental or root difference
between the Socialist movement and
all other movements on earth. It
travels in one certain direction, and
all others in the opposite one, by reason of this fundamental difference.
For so-called Socialists to attempt
by speculation to make it appear that
any other movement is in line-with,
or has anything in common with the
Socialist movement, if persisted in
will sooner or later land them in the
same state of mental insolvency, in
which the Chicago platform makers
and resoluters have declared themselves to be.
To proceed with the resolution by
taking  up  the   next   clause,   we , find
that this "industrial struggle can only
lessen  the exploitation" but can  not
"abolish  it."    There  is  scarce  to  be
found   an   apologist   for   the   present
system who does not admit that even
the poor advance in wages during the
past few years of alleged prosperity,
has been more than offset by a corresponding    advance  in   the   cost  of
living.    It  would  be  difficult   to  find
a trade unionist of any prominence in
the movement brazen enough to declare otherwise.    The cry  put up in
every    strike  is   that  the   employers
are persistent in  forcing worse conditions.     There     is     not   a   student
worthy the name who, as a result of
anything   like   a   thorough   study   of
capitalism and its development, does
not know the margin between the exchange value of labor-power and the
products of labor, to be wider today
than   ever  before.    The  exploitation
has  not  been    lessened,  but  on  the
contrary  has   been   progressively  intensified as capitalism has developed.
There is an  entire  absence  of evidence to show that trade unionism or
any other movement has affected this
exploitation   either    one   way  or   another.    To  fly in  the    face  of  facts
with  the  assertion    that  this  industrial struggle can lessen exploitation,
is   enough   to   warrant   the   suspicion
that    those    responsible    for   it  are
afflicted   with  something even  worse
than  rickety logic and mental bankruptcy.     As   to   trade   unionism   not
being  able   to   abolish     exploitation,
nothing more need be said than that
it never pretended  to be able to do
so.    It is left    entirely to bankrupt
reasoners    and    rickety  logicians  to
make it even appear to be travelling
in  that direction.
Insane   persons   sometimes   indulge
in    sane   moments.     At    this   juncture       in       the       resolutions,       the
light    of    reason   broke   through   the
fog.   The declaration was made that
j the  exploitation   would    only    cease
when  the  working class    owned  the
means of production, and to accomplish this it must consciously become
I the   dominant   political   power.     And
then the light went out, the fog settl-
l ed,   and   another     plunge   was   taken
fnto the darkness of ?onfusion by the
declaration  that, "the  organization  of
workers  will  not  be  complete    until
they unite on the political as well as
the   industrial   field   on   the   lines   of
the  class  struggle."    The  warfare  in
the   industrial   field   arises     from   the
fact   that  a  large  number of persons
depend upon the sale of their labor-
power for their existence, or in common  parlance  they  must  have  a  job.
As there are not a suflicftiieiit number
of jobs to go around the competition
among worker- for the jobs becomes
fierce.    With  the jobs all filled a surplus of workers  remain  in   the  market,   whose   necessities     will     compel
them  to crowd  in  at  the  first  opportunity. In many lines it is impossible
to organize because of the nature of
the work and  the circumstances surrounding    it.       In    such    cases    the
workers  are   forced   to  battle   single-
handed  against   the  merciless  conditions of the labor    market.     Where
circumstances   permit,   and   it   seems
advisable, they organize or band together, that they may be better able
to   secure  points   of  vantage   in   the
market.      But    whether it be single-
handed  or  in   bands,  the    battle    is
waged only against the conditions of
the    market.      It  is  a  struggle    of
worker against worker for possession
of the coveted jobs upon which his
existence depends. The employers of
labor   take   every   advantage   of   the
congested    condition    of   the    labor
market,    to    purchase    labor-power
cheap, and no combination of workers
on  earth  could    force  the  wage  up
against such a condition.   The battle
in     the     industrial     field     is     not
waged   against   the   capitalist   class.
It      rages       solely      within       the
ranks      of      the      working      class,
and    arises    out    of    the    necessity
of a large number of workers trying
to fit themselves into a limited number of jobs. At times outbreaks
assume considerable proportions and
serious interruption to capitalist business may occur. Individual capitalists or concerns may meet with serious loss. Such occurrences are incidental only to the warfare going on
in the ranks of the working class in
consequence of the over-stocked condition of the labor market.
More in regard to these resolutions
and their rickety logic in our next
When we took occasion in the last
issue of the Western Clarion to make
some brief mention in the way of criticism of the platform adopted by the
S. P. of the U. S. at Chicago recently,
we fully expected that some one
would feel their corns trod upon, but
hardly expected to find such person
so close at home as we evidently did,
judging from a communication' published in another column. We were
at first inclined to a feeling of deep
humiliation at receiving such a prompt |
and thorough calling down at the
hands of our correspondent. As various papers, however, came to our
hands containing criticisms of the
platform by members of the S. P. of
the U. S. so thorough, complete and
crushing, as to tear that illustrious
document to tatters, and make our
modest effort at criticism look like
the puny production of an infant in
comparison, our erstwhile feeling of
humiliation was transformed into a
profound admiration for our own
Our correspondent says that "criticism which is fair and unprejudiced is |
both useful and necessary." We ac- j
knowledge the value of this informa- 1
tion, and desire to return thanks for
the same by promising to, in the
future, refer to any criticism offered
in opposition to our convictions as "a
policy of throwing bouquets at ourselves and rotten eggs at the other
fellow." By thus following the excellent example set by our correspondent, we hope in time to acquire the
faculty of indulging in criticism in
the same "fair and unprejudiced
manner" as himself. This paper is
the instrument of the Socialist Party
of British Columbia, and those
directly in charge of it are members
of the executive committee of the
party, and are thus doubly charged
with the duty of defending the party's
position as laid down in its governing
articles as adopted by the party membership. In accepting such duties the
party's position becomes our own.
Though our action be construed as
"that peculiar form of mental .blindness which magnifies the follies of
others and obscures our own shortcomings." we shall not be disturbed.
Should, however, under such circumstances, we so conduct ourselves, by
attacking tlie party's position nml defending some other, our action might
be construed as that peculiar Form of
something which magnifies our own
shortcomings and obscures the frillies
of others. Whatever that something
might be, it would doubtless require
a harsher term than mental blindness
to express.
Modesty is a virtue we are known
to possess in no mean degree. We
are. however, anxious to still further
cultivate it, and any instructions in
that line will be appreciated. Our
present stock of modesty would not
permit us to mention that brilliant
galaxy of talent Hillquit, Simons, et
al., as equal in knowledge and ability
to any Socialist in B. C. We should
perforce dub them superior to any,
lest some invidious person should suspicion us of havirhg ourself in mind
when makin- the comparison.
We are even modest enough to
assume that the proper method to
follow in regard to altering or amending party platforms and other articles,
is for the members to attend to this
in the regular way. and through the
regular party channels. Discussions
leading up to such changes or alterations should be carried on through
the Locals, and conventions of the
party, and not be made a matter of
"rag chewing" with this paper's
columns as the figurative street
corner upon which to chew it. In the
judgment of the party so far it has
been unnecessary to adopt what is
termed a working program. Were it,
in our judgment as an individual, necessary that one be adopted we shouli
be modest enough to make such
known first, to the Local to which we
belonged, to the end that the matter
might be properly brought to the
attention of the next convention, and
by such means, to the general membership. ,
The virtue of modesty, like the art
of "fair and unprejudiced" criticism,
may be taught by example, no doubt,
and in our correspondent we feed tl at
we have a preceptor of no mean
around. The workers now pitted
against each other in internecine
warfare will at some time in the
future be comrades-in-arms in the
struggle of labor to realize its interests, by wresting from the present
ruling class the powers of government, by which alone it enforces its
militant rule, and using such powers
to abolish the wage system with its
accursed shambles  the labor market.
Once enlisted in the "class
struggle" of labor they will no longer
be used by capital, as mere "pawns"
upon the chessboard of the market
as at present.
There are some "stupid working-
men" whose eyes should be opened
by what is going on in Colorado and
elsewhere. There arc also others,
not among the least stupid of which
may be found an occasional editor.
The shocking fact has somehow or
other been disclosed that petty officials of the C. P. ft., whose duty it
has been to secure laborers for the
companv, have been busily engaged
in raking in sums of money extorted
from Italians for the privilege of
working, under what is known as the
padrone system.
Wm. Whyte, Second Vice-President of the company, proposes to
have a general cleaning up of this department, and a Stoppage put upon
this "illicit" traffic fjrom which understrapper officials have in many cases
"waxed rich." This cleaning up is to
be done "to improve the morale of
the force."
As the company's profits arise
solely from the skinning of working
people, it would at first glance appear
unreasonable that it should object to
others obtaining a few crumbs of
comfort along the same line and in
similar fashion.
Looking closer, however, we can
see that if the art of skinning were to
be allowed too freely to develop
among the understrapper officials a
degree of skill might be attained' that
would skin so completely that no hide
would be left for the company, whom
it has been wisely ordained should
secure it. Looking at it in this light
we can easily understand the tender
solicitude of Mr. Whyte in regard to
improving the "morale" of the force.
A most regrettable feature of this
"cleaning up" is the tendency to
destroy the "incentive to thrift and
industry" that impelled these small
fry officials to follow in the well defined  footsteps  of  their  superiors.
Rather than destroy "incentive"
we would be in favor of a law compelling a working man to have two
bides, one for the company and one
for the smaller skinners.
livery Local of the . ocinlist Part* i>f >•• C.
should run a card under tliis head, J'.oo per
month.     Secretaries please note. ___
Socialist Party of British Columbia.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Provincial executive committee: A.
R. Stebbings, John Dubberly, L. T.
English, R. P. Pettipiece, E. T.
Kingsley, Vancouver: 0. Lee Charlton, Victoria; F. S. Fmbree, Greenwood. Ernest Burns, treasurer; B.
Merrill-Burns, secretary, Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vancouver, S. P. of B. C, No. 1.
Business meetings every Wednesday evening at 8 p. m. at headquarters, Inglcside Block (room 1, 2nd
floor) 313 Cambie street. Educational meetings every Sunday evening in Oddfellows' hall (3rd floor),
Sullivan block, Cordova street.
Secretary: O. P. Mills, box 836,
An exchange remarks that "militant class rule in Colorado is furnishing some astonishing corroborations
of all that the socialists have been
teaching as to the existence of a class
struggle under capitalism," and adds
that "it is indeed a stupid working-
man whose eyes are not opened by
it." That is is "militant class rule"
expressing itself with naked brutality in whipping into submission a
rebellious faction of the working
class we are quite ready to admit, but
as this "class rule" is at the same
time throwing its protecting mantle
around another portion of the working class which for the moment is
not rebellious, and using it as one of
the means of whipping the rebellious
faction into submission, wc fail to
discover any evidence of a class
struggle, or even class action upon
the part of the working class. There
is nothing lying behind the rebellious
attitude of the one, or the non-rebellious attiturc of the other portion of
the working class in this instance
other than the struggle for jobs and
wages, in an overstocked labor
market. Within such narrow confines no class struggle can take
place, no class action can be taken,
upon the part of the "working class.
There   are  not  enough  jobs  to  go
vanced each Monday by check~3irect
fiom headquarters. Expenses advanced; position permanent. We furnish
everything. Address The Columbia,
630 Motion Bldg., Chicago, 111.
The Beit in the World
Mail us 15 Royal Crown Soap Wrappers, and in return we will mail a Beautiful picture, size 16x20; or for 25 wrappers your choice of over 100 books. Drop
us a post card asking for a catalogue of
premiums to be had FREE for Royal
Crown Soap Wrappers.   Address:
Union Directory
When They Meet; Where They M, ■<•
_    Kvery I.alior Union In the province i
vTfed to place a card under tins head,   t, ,„s '
mouth.     Secretaries please note. V
Vancouver Trades and Labor Counjj
Meets first and third Thursday
each month, at 7.30 p. m. Pres-,',K.lia
Geo.   Dobbin;   vice-president,  \V„
George;    secretary,    C. T. Hilto
financial     secretary,    J.   I.,  jm  .
treasurer,   A.   N.   Harrington; S/J
geant-at-arrris, J. C. Kerr;   statij
tician, E.     L.     Beuford;     lniM„L
Messrs. Pound, Cross and ThornS
son;   executive  committee,   Mcssra
George and Gothard.
Vancouver Typographical Union, ft
226.   Meets the 4th Monday in esc!
month  at  Union  hall.      Preside
Ralph   Wilson;     vice-president, \M
Hubbard;   secretary,  W.   H.  Hti
P. O. Box 66; treasurer, John \\'u%
kins;   sergeant-at-arms,   Jas.  wJ
ster;      executive      committee
Pelky, W.  Pound,    C. Grassi,'
Brand;   delegates   to   Trades
Labor Council, R. P. Pettipieci
F. Farrow, George Hartley, Ge
Brotherhood of Painters and DccoJ
ators.. Local Union No. 138. Met!
second and fourth Thursdayi
Labor hall. President, F. HoIIim
vice-president, S. Foster; recort
ing secretary, E. Crush, 767 KiRht
avenue, west; financial seer.tar
A. Gothard, 821 Howe street; treai
urer, H.  McSorley.
United Brotherhood of Carpentti
and Joiners.. Meets every seenrt
and fourth Wednesday in I'ui.
hall. Room 2. President, I.nmnS
O'Brien; recording secretary, UrbJ
Chaplin, 2820 Manitoba streef
Delegates to Building Trades CouJ
cil: P. McMurdo, and TaylJ
alternate, Grcenwel] and Rafnq
Delegates to T. & L. Council:
D. Dobbin, J. McLaren. 1..
DeWolfe, G. F. Adams and A,
Needed in Every Home
Up to Datel
A Dictionary of ENGLISH.
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The New and Enlarged
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Edited tar W. T. HARHI3, Ph.D., LLJ).
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Nott Plates 2380 Quarto Page a
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llmil'a^..   UOOllluMrfttinnfc.   Kin "UUi'2 .'<-« im ti. A.
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"A Test in Pronunciation " which affords a
pleasant and instructive evening's entertainment.    Illustrated pamphlet also free.
a Publishers, Springfield, Mass.
Greenwood   Miners'   Union, No.
W.  F.  M.    Meets    every  SattinlJ
evening in Union hall.    II. R. ra|
sons, president;  Ernest   Mills.
Phoenix Trades and Labor   Councl
Meets    every    alternate    M nniial
John  Riordan, president;    K<lwi|
Brown,  vice-president;    P. 11. I
casse sergeant-at-arms; W. H. Ba
bury, secretary-treasurer, P. 0. Bl
108, Phoenix. B. C
Phoenix      Miners'    Union,    No.
W.  F.  M.    Meets    every  Saturdl
evening  at  7.,30 o'clock  in   Mine]
hall.    A.  F. Berry, president; Jo
Riordan.  secretary.
For a Union Express
Call on Heywood Bros.
Telephone   1-3-5-4
Twe New Propaganda Psasphlsts.
sby Ben. Hanforl
( ''One of the very best pieces of propa^.tnda
wc have." (The Worker. New York)
! "One of  the  best campaign pamphlets ever prtntcaj
j (The Toiler, Tcrre Haute, Ind.)
j Another good propaganda pamphlet by the wmc .lutSj
hanforlVs reply to havembyi
With which it printed
24 pOgtti illustrated,  pocket sire, with red pfcfljH
ment cover. Price 5 cental 25 copies 50 cents:    HP
h»$(,50. To shareholders of the Comrade Co-op*]
tivc Company at half these rates.    Any soci.
icqui-e by monthly payments of 50 cents
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Mid thereby enjoy special rates for the Comrade .
Othff Socialist Literature
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Every   phase   of   the   Typographic   Art is
known and practiced  in the  job department.
SEND    IN    YOUR   ORDER    IF    Vol
The Western Clarion
The Only    Labor Paper in British Columbia
Box 836 Vancouver, 8. C.
United Hatters of North Americ
.When   yott arc buying a FUR HAT see to|
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed in ».
a retailer  has loose  labels in bis possession
offers to put one in a hat for you, do not l>;>trol
ize him.    Loose labels  in  retail stores are
terfcits.   The genuine Union    Label is Perfor?'|
on four edges,  exactly    the    same  as  a I)0s!"
stamp.     Counterfeits are sometimes perforated
three of the edges, and  sometimes  only,011 n
Keep  a  sharp lookout for the counterfeits
John B. Stetson Co., of Philadelphia, Pa., is a n0»
union  concern. -
JOHN A. MOFFITT,"Pre?;dcrit, Orange, N. J; I
MARTIN   LAWLOR Secretafy, n Waverly P»|
New York.
May ,?ist, 1004.—Present, E, T.
Kingsley, A. R. Stebbings, L. T. English, E. Bums, J. E. Dnbberly and
the secretary.
On motion the chair was taken by
Com. Kingsley and the following
business transacted:
Minutes of previous meeting read,
corrected and passed.
Correspondence from Winnipeg,
Nnrthtield, Enderby and Revelstoke
was read by the secretary, but gave
rise . to no special  discussion.
Under reports of committees, E,
Hums reported for himself and Org-
.mizer Kingsley, who, at the previous
meeting were appointed a committee
to prepare a circular letter of suggestion and instruction to locals re the
calling "f conventions lor the purpose of nominating candidates to
political office. Com. liurns read a
draft of proposed letter, which met
with the approval of the committee,
and the secretary was instructed to
have 50 copies printed and sent forward to locals.
The committee on design for Party
button reported progress and asked
for an extension of time in which to
implete the work.
The treasurer reported $11.05 receipts and $4 expenditure since last
1 meeting.
(Signed) B   ,M.   BURNS,
Prov.   Sec.
June     14th.     1004— Present,   R.   P.
Yttipiecc,     E.   T.   Kingsley,     A.   R.
Stebbings,   E.   Burns   and   the   secretary,    Organizer     Kingsley    in    the
Minutes of previous meeting were
ead and approved.
Correspondence was received from
.oca] Nanaimo, asking if rhe serines of Mrs. Irene Smith could not
again secured as a lecturer for this
listrict. From Hedley Local, from
S. Johnson, Enderby, and A. S.
Embree, Greenwood. The latter sent
1 copy of resolutions concerning the
Iding of a convention for the nomination of a Socialist candidate in the
•onstittiency of Yale-Cariboo, asking
lie endorsation of the executive com-
Moved by R. P. Pettipiece, second-
(I by A. R. Stebbings, that the cnin-
nittee endorse the action of the com-
pittee appointed to arange the contention and proceed to issue calls to
hose locals in the constituency in
id standing in the Party.   Carried, j
Monthly reports from Nanaimo
and   Medley  were  received  and  tiled.
A bill for $2.50 for printing was
authorized  to  be paid.
The treasurer reported $3 >-s receipts, and expeditures of $2.50 for
printing and $10.00 for secretary's
salary for two months, since last
. The    secretary    reported    application for membership forms all used
and  500 new  forms  were  authorized'
B.  M.  BURN'S. Prov. Sec.
The comrades in Yale-Cariboo have
taken action along the right line in
calling convention for nominating a
candidate for the Dominion election.
The following is the report of this
committee. Take note how it is
Report of Meeting of Joint Committee appointed by Grand Forks,
Phoenix and Greenwood Locals, to
determine date for and place of
Socialist Convention for Constituency of Yale-Cariboo.
Members   of   Committee.—W.     H
Creitz.  J.   II.   Harris.  Grand     Forks;
Vy. II. Bambury, O. Grumbach, Phoenix; J. J. Caulfield,   A.  S.  Embree.
Meeting called to order bv Com.
Caulfield. Com. Embree appointed
secretary. Coin. R. B. Kerr, of Phoenix, reported that as Com. Bambury
was unavoidably absent, he had been
asked to represent Phoenix Local. A
letter was read from Com. Creitz, of
Grand Forks, to the effect that
neither Com. Harris nor himself
would be able to attend the meeting
of committee, and that they would
concur in any action taken by balance
of committee.
Regularly moved, seconded and resolved that the secretary be instructed to communicate with the Provincial executive committee, at Vancouver, and inform them that a convention will be held at Greenwood on
Thursday. July 14th, 1904, for the
purpose of nominating a candidate
on the Socialist ticket, to contest the
constituency of Yale-Cariboo for the
forthcoming  Dominion  elections.
Regularly moved, seconded and
resolved that the basis of representation at the convention be one delegate
at large from each local, and one
additional delegate for every ten
members or major fraction thereof,
in  good  standing.
Regularly moved, seconded and
resolved that the following form of
credential be adopted and forwarded
to the provincial executive committee for approval:
Form of Credential.
This certifies that Com	
has   been   elected   as   delegate   from
    Local  No	
S. P. of B. C, to represent said local
at convention of Socialist Party of
Yale-Cariboo, to be held at Greenwood,  on  Thursday,  July   14th,   1904.
    Local   No	
B. C. S. P.
Regularly moved, seconded and
resolved that each credential must
be signed by secretary of local issuing same  in  order to be valid.
Regularly moved, seconded and
resolved that secretary of each local
be required to forward to the convention a certified statement of number
of members in good standing in such
Resolved  that  we  adjourn.
*    *    *    *
Com. Geo. Winkler, of Hedley, B.
C, defeated two defenders of the
capitalist class in a debate on Socialism in that place last month. Mr.
W. McGaw, the liberal candidate for
the riding last year, and Mr. Rogers,
of the Nickel Plate mine, attempted
to uphold the politics of their class,
but Com. Winkler knew his gospel of
industrial evolution too well for the
pair of them, and the decision was
given in his favor. As the secretary
of Hedley Local says: "There are no
arguments to it when you come down
to facts." That's true; there is no
place an old party politician lias less
illuminating power than in a Socialist  debate.
"Of course the boys all pledge
their vote to a Socialist candidate if
we have one in the field, and 1 think
it would be a mistake not to have
one if things can be so arranged financially. . . I do not see why they
could not capture this seat in the
Dominion house for Yale-Cariboo.
There are a lot of Socialist votes
lying dormant, and all that is needed
is a little life put into the movement.    .    .    .
"1 want no 'fool dinner pail' movements. Socialism or nothing, that is
as 1 understand it as Karl Marx expounds Socialism. 1 want freedom
to the earth and to life. 'The earth
and the fulness thereof is the watchword."—J. F. Johnson, F.nderby, in
a long encouraging letter to the secretary.
*    *    *    *
Nanaimo comrades want Debs to
visit this coast when he reaches
Washington on his campaign tour.
We all want him. but it would be
hardly fair to ask him to leave the
United States until after the presidential election is over. He will have
his work cut out for him during the
next few months.
By the disastrous shaft fire in  Na- I
naimo,   many  of  our   comrades   have j
been thrown out of work. Who
cares? Do you? If so vote the
workers into possession of the means
of wealth production so that human
life need not depend upon the perpetuity of one poor little job.
"The arrest of Mortimer would not
have caused a ripple on the surface
of 'public' opinion, and, in fact, did
not, but to interfere with the Salvation Army!—that was a heinous
crime on the part of the police and
caused quite a stir," writes H. R.
Simons, of Winnipeg. And that was
how "our Jack" got some sort of
left-handed justice. He's at it yet.
Jails don't do anything to him but
make his Celtish blood riot more
fiercely in his veins and excite him
to more vehement protest against
"the system" 'that prohibits the
speech of Truth and pays a premium
to Liars.
There is good material for a Socialist Local at Halls Prairie, B. C.
Com. McKenzie, one of the "old
boys" of the Vancouver movement,
is doing good work there in keeping
a persistent agitation afoot, while Mr.
A. Bamford and his excellent wife,
whom the Clarion may proudly
claim as two of its best "converts,"
are ready to actively participate in a
political movement for the emancipation of the workers.
The secretary and treasurer of the
Party paid a visit to the district recently and spoke to a small gathering of interested farmers who displayed an intelligent comprehension
of the industrial problem and their
own relation thereto. On Sunday
they went over to Blaine, Wash., and
met a number of G. A. R. veterans,
who are holding the "torch" aloft in
a very persistent and praiseworthy
manner. Com. Burns held a street
meeting in the afternoon, which,
being an unusual proceeding, attracted considerable attention, and in the
evening at the meeting in the G. A.
R. hall the women turned out in unusual numbers to hear Socialism discussed from a woman's standpojnt.
Blaine organization needs an infusion
of new blood and a few hard knocks
from Capitalism to imbue it with a
fighting spirit.
* *    *    *
Funny that the man who pays a
dollar to watch a prize light should
be the one to "holler" because the
Socialists scrap a little at their meetings. Their blows are epiite scientific, too.
* *    *    *
C. W. Mitchell is the newly appointed secretary of Revelstoke
Local, vice J.  W.   Bennett, resigned.
* *    *    *
Have you appointed that press correspondent  y«t. Oh,   Uocnls  of  B.  C?
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TO BE memorized:
A, an — Can-—> Good— In    .   He   f   The» -Will   v Teriod
meet me
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That giving yotir girl or boy a business education is better than a life insurance, and -what is more, it is cheaper. A course does not cost much. A
course is based on a cash basis, but you can make arrangements with us to pay it in instalments, if it is more convenient to you. What we want is to
train your girl or boy and put her or him in a business office. In another place in this advertisement you will find a list of firms whom we have supplied with
stenographers during May, aud May is not a good month either. All these young people are 011 full salaries. Our young people do not need to work for
"EXPERIENCE." After we have placed your daughter or son in a business office, they would be able to shift for themselves. They have then climbed the first
ruug^of the ladder. There is always room on top, especially in business; it rests with them, with their own ambition, how high they want to go. It is with
them only a matter of will. It does not require genius to be a good business man or a good business woman, it requires application. " It does not require even
a university or high-school education. Those young people who leave the public school and go through a business college and enter a business office at an early
age are more successful than those with a university training.        If   your   sou   or daughter is now in the ofth reader, they are far euough|advanced.        We have to
teach them anyway, business arithmetic, business penmanship and business correspondence, in short we have to
teach them to use what the}' learned at school, in a business-like manner. However, after we are through with
them (and they can do it iu six months) they are settled
for life. They have a trade out of which they can always
make their living, but more than that, they have got something that they can apply to any trade. Too many tradesmen and mechanics are not successful, because the}- have not
studied  business.
The School is always open.    We have no vacations.
A large number of girls are very anxious to come to
school and prepare themselves for business. They could
easily raise the amount for the course, but they are unable to
come on account of the cost of boarding. If you are such
kind of a girl, aud Still ambitious, we will give you a pointer
which scores of girls have used, if you will write to us.
We   have  taught   the  old   system    or  over   six years.       A year and a halt ago we changed to Gregg's and WE COULD NOT BE PAID ENOUGH MONEY TO GO HACK TO THE OLD
We had a boy 17 years old, acting as police court stenographer in Vancouver, in fact he was too young for the <ob.       He was not a graduate, but he writes GREGG'S.
BOOK-KEEPING.       No other school can teach as we do.       Every other school uses text-books.       We have taught eight years without them.       The result is that our book-keepers are real book-keepers and office hands.
Employment during May wai briaK. Although not usually a brisk month, June is letter in that respect. The following firms engaged graduates of ours: B. C. Emit Canning Co., Shallcross, Macaulay
& Co., barristers; Taylor, Bradburn & Co., Cascade Laundry, The Eairbauks Co., F. Buscambe &.Co., Drysdale-Stevenson, Ltd., Eederal Life Insurauce Co., Canning Co,, Eburne; New England Fish Co., Waterfall, Beasley & Co.,
C. P. R. Freight Office, Pucific Transfer Co., Yoho Heater Co., A. MacDonald & Co., Ceperley, Rouusfell & Co.       The   lately  appointed   permanent  court  stenograDher is also a graduate of the Vogel College.
H '.
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and mv onr splendid assortment of
reading mat:, r Try onr book exchange.
Kettun two old uooki and receive one new
IS Mi 14 Arcade 316 Abbot. Street
SSBK Mail ordert promptly attended to.
. Fayette/Buker was the speaker last
Sunday-evening in Sullivan hall, his
subject being "The Waste of Competition." R. P. Pettipiece officiated at
the soap-box preliminary. Com. Os-
bourn will be the speaker tomorrow
Mention is made elsewhere in this
issue of the efforts of Folk Warren,
Colonel, to induce some of the kind-
hearted employers of Vancouver to
give employment to some Sikhs who
are in the city. Knowing' the kind-
hearted qualities of the employers as
well as we do We felt the colonel's
appeal would not tall upon deaf ears.
Happily this has already proven true.
One of the Sikhs has secured a job
carrying a •'sandwich board" at $1.50
per week.
The delay in regard to the Clarion
reaching subscribers results from the
fact that the first copy sent to Ottawa
aloni* with request for mailing privilege, was lost, apparently, in transmission. The department kindly advised us by wire of the non-receipt
of same, and another copy was
mai'cc! and returns are expected about
Monday, June 27. The resulting
delay has been no less vexatious to
this office than to subscribers. As
mishaps are sometimes unavoidable,
we may as well possess ourselves
with patience.
The Victoria Trades and Labor
Council has received a communication from the secretary of the Dominion Labor Congress asking all
unions to contribute to a fund for the
purpose of electing labor men to parliament, and more especially to reelect "Mr. Puttee, the present Liberal-Labor member for Winnipeg."
Why the re-election of Mr. Puttee is
emphasized, and that of Mr. Ralph
Smith is not. we are at a loss to
understand. Perhaps it is a tacit acknowledgment of the ability of the
doughty Smith to conquer all opposition unaided and alone. Or it may
have arisen from the suspicion that
assitsance given that worthy from
this end of the Dominion would most
likely tend to assist him to remain
at home, and would be given "without money and without price."
A prophet is said to be "not without honor, save in his own country."
More especially so if he be a ''stuffed prophet." This is the wrong end
of the Dominion in which to solicit
aid for the re-election of Mr. Ralph
unto the liberal and conservative M.
P. P. who still foolishly persists in
going forth to battle armed only with
the "jawbone of an ass."
The first dollar to reach this office
in payment of one year's subscription, since the resumption of publication, came from Comrade Harold
Burnett of Victoria, with these
words: "Here's to the Clarion and
the international revolutionary working class.   Go at 'em."
The disquieting news has reached
this office that John E. Dttbberly,
a member of the Provincial Executive
Committee of the S. P. of B. C, has
committed matrimony. This makes
the third member of the present committee since its inception, guilty of
this particular offence, the committee
originally containing among its members but one who was married. The
only assurance that the party has
that its committee may live out its
span of life with any of its members
in a position to give it undivided allegiance rests in the fact that the remaining three members are such a
rusty looking bunch that no woman
of discriminating taste would have
one of them.
We will forgive John E. this time,
but he must not repeat the offence.
A correspondent of the Victoria
Colonist who signs himself Defence,
not defiance, makes complaint because
some employers of labor have dispensed with the srvices of employees
because the latter absented themselves from their employment one
day in the year in order to comply
with their duty as members of the
militia, by attending the annual mobilization as requited by law. As this
"huge country" depends for defence
upon its "citizen soldiers," he deems
it incredible that "any employer can
be found so mean aud short-sighted
as to throw the least obstacle" in its
way. Employers of labor can be
found mean ..enough to do anything
if need be. but it will be noticed their
short-sightedness usually results in
long prolits. This "huge country"
belongs to employers of labor. How
would it do to leave its "defence" to
them? At any rate an "employee"
who has no better sense than to be
used to defend a country which belongs to another, and which that
other is too cowardly to defend, has
missed his calling even as a miliita-
man. He should be in a home for
the feeble-minded.
Crystal Theatre, Victoria, was well
filled on Sunday evening, June 10th.
when Dr. H. F. Titus, of Seattle,
Wash., delivered a stirring lecture on
"How the Rich Get Rich." The
doctor clearly showed that the vast
introduction of machinery during the
last fifty years had completely changed the labor market. Formerly a
man could and did work as a unit.
Today he has to seek a master and
become a cog in a gigantic wheel of
industry, and as there is always a
surplus of labor, wages are consequently ground down to the bare
cost of subsistence, and the enormous
profit produced by the machines
through labor goes into the pockets
of their owners. Where millionaires
were a rarity fifty years tgo, today
they are plentiful.
The audience of working people
stayed until 11 o'clock asking questions to which the doctor replied.
The true hellishness of the mine
owners at Cripple Creek, and their
paid detectives, was fully dealt with.
On Sunday, June 26th Parker Williams, M. P.  P., will be the speaker.
After a strike lasting about six
weeks the Masters and Pilots Association on the Great Lakes has been
forced to give it up as a bad job and
return to work. In annottticinjr the
end of the strike the Association
states it does so "owing to existing
conditions over which we have no
control." Certainly: certainly. And
whether the members of the Association know it or not, those "existing
conditions" are that the members of
the Lake Carriers' Association own
the boats upon which these masters
and pilots must work. These "existing conditions" are quite satisfactory
to the owne'rs, but slightTji uncom
fortable for even the aristocrats of
labor, like masters and pilots, as the
labor market becomes overstocked
with the commodity labor-power of
the quality of which aristocratic
masters and  pilots are made.
Presumably these masters and
pilots will now proceed to do something towards altering these "existing conditions." If they do not it
will not be long before they are liable
to again be called upon to come down
from their "high horse", another peg
or two.
mendation as to fitness the colonel
points out that they belong to a
"race which has stood by Britain in
the many wars which have taken
place since we conquered them and
annexed their country." Those traits
of docility which could survive the
successful onslaught of the conqueror and robber, and still blossom
into a meek servility that would
impel he who possessed them to
"stand by" the perpetrator of such
ruffianly acts, are of no mean order
and should secure their possessor a
wage-slaves job at the drop of the
As a further recommend the colonel points out that "they are no less
amenable to orders than the Mongolian, and possess to a great degree
the economic virtues of that people."
Docile, servile, obedient and cheap.
What more could even a Vancouver
employer wish.
Perhaps the good colonel took this
modest way of giving to the slave of
white skin a tip as to those virtues,
the acquirement of which would tend
to smooth the rugged pathway of his
existence by qualifying him so as to
more readily obtain, and securely
hang on to a job.
The colonel, however, is a born
humorist. Me gives it away by. Stat
ing that "the employment of Sikhs
and others of the martial races
of India would go far to cement
the bonds so necessary for the close
union of the Great British  Empire.
And yet, lurking behind this wealth
of humor, what biting sarcasm. As
the greatness of Britain has been attained by the most ruthless exploitation and robbery of her working people at home, and the most brutal and
ruffianly forcing of the goods so
stolen, upon weaker people, at the
mouths of cannon, and upon terms
to suit the robbers, the sarcasm lurking behind the colonel's humor may
be easily discovered. As a recom-
mender the colonel is At. As a
humorist and satirist he is fully twice
as much.
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paper  published  exclusively in  your
interests,     jump    right   in   now "and I
rustle a bunch of subs., or contribute j
to the propaganda fund.
Cheering word* come to us from
Com, Geo. Kales' of Winnipeg, along'
with an order for 100 copies weekly,
on behalf of the Local at that place.
Locals in li. C, arc invited to make a
note of this.
The wise M. P. P. carefully read-
eth the Clarion, not only that he may-
retain the wisdom he hath, but add
greatly unto it." J. H. Hawthornth-
wafte, member for Nanaimo, secur-
eth a "lead pipe cinch" upon a two
years' supply of wisdom by rendering unto this office the trifling, but
just tribute of two dollars.    Woe be
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'Phone IS79      Vancouver, B. 6.
In commenting upon the statement
made, in a recent lecture, by Archbishop Ireland that "a country without capital is impoverished," the Los
Angeles Socialist gets off the following gem: "Certainly a country without capital is impoverished. And
likewise a country with a capitalist
class to control the capiial and absorb
the product of labor is impoverished.
Capital is wealth used to produce
more wealth, and is an evident necessity."
Though at the risk of seeming presumptuous, we beg to refer the editorial scribe to an authority of whom
he has evidently never heard, or at
least never read. Marx in his analysis of capital defines it. briefly stated.
as wealth used for the purpose of exploiting labor. He applies the term
to wealth under no other circumstances. The term exploiting labor,
signifies the taking of surplus value.
Tfiri is the function of capital. When
wealth does not so function it is no
longer capital. It then follows that a
country without capital need not necessarily be impoverished, but the
working class of a country, in which
the means of wealth production are
capital, must of necessity become an
impoverished class, no matter how
great the volume of wealth produced.
Capital without a capitalist class is an
unthinkable proposition. A country
without capital could only become impoverished through lack of natural
resources, fire, flood, crop failure or
other public calamity. With capital
its working class would be exploited
(robbed) into a condition of poverty
which is quite calamity enough for
_ Would the scribe in question secure
title of ownership in, or even borrow
or steal a copy of Marx's "Wage,
Labor ar Capital," and carefully read
and digest its contents, he would be
better equipped to criticize the utterances of church dignitaries and other
stupids, on matters economic. Should
he fail to thus equip himself, it might
be said with some truth that the Archbishop and himself could exchange
jobs without the Socialist movement
standing to lose anything.
One Folk Warren, Colonel, whoever
he may be, writing to the News-Ad.,
makes a pica to the employers of
labor to "favorably consider the application put forward by five Sikhs
who have come here in the hope of
finding employment."    As  a recom-
Editor Clarion:
Criticism which is fair and unprejudiced is both useful and necessary,
but the policy of continually throwing bouquets at ourselves and rotten
eggs at the other fellow is one of
more than doubtful  value.
That peculiar form of mental
blindness which magnifies the follies
of others and obscures our own
shortcomings is well exemplified in
a leading article in last week's Clarion, in which the platform adopted
by the Socialist Party at Chicago is
characterized as "the most grotesque
political document ever adopted by
any political party on earth,"
Admitting that this platform has
Its weak points, the principal of
which in my eves are its weaiisome
length and its scholastic rhetoric, yet
to compensate for these defects it
states old truths in an original way.
The effect of any such absolute
sweeping condemnation of the Chicago platform, as that quoted above
on the average mind, is simply to
raise a doubt as to the ability or
capacity of the critic to judge of the
merits of a platform not his own.
The document is. I understand, to
be submitted to a referendum vote of
the U. S. Socialist Party, and, if the
delegates at Chicago took hasty or
illadvised action the commen sense
of the party membership will probably correct the mistake. The utterances of this convention are entitled
to a certain amount of respect, as it
has been generally conceded to have
been the largest and most representative Socialist gathering of that
character ever held in the United
States. Men like Morris Hillquit, A.
M. Simmons. John Spargo. Victor
Berger, Ben Hanford and others arc
quite equal to any B. C. Socialist in
knowledge of Socialism and ability
to expound its revolutionary message.
In discussing our own platform,
modesty should leave to others the
task of stating its ' superlative
merits. Its brevity and directness of
statement arc certainly good points,
but other of its so-called merits are
to my mind serious defects. Take
fori nstance its absence of a working
program, or statement of legislation
which Socialist representatives would
try  to enact right here and now.
For some years to come Socialists
will be a minority in our city councils, provincial legislatures and national parliament. Are we. during
this period, to abstain from any constructive legislation for the benefit
of the working class? If so we can
never expect to elect the drsired majority, for the masi of the voteri
will never support a party of negation, one which lacks the desire or
ability to execute any improvement
until absolute power if in its hands.
If we do propose to do something in
the present, then the voter has a
right to know exactly what it is that
we will try to accomplish.
Every Socialist Party in the world
with the exceptions of the S. L. P. of
the United States atid our own, has
some statement in the program or
platform in regard to measures for
immediate improvements of social or
industrial conditions. They are fully
in line with the philosophy of Socialism, or progress by industrial evolution, for they serve as stepping
stones to our ultimate aim. No Socialist convention, outside of this continent has ever seriously discussed
the elimination of the palliatives.
Every writer on Socialism of international fame from Karl Marx downwards admits of their use and necessity.
So long as we in B. C. had elected
no Socialist representatives and
were a mere propaganda club, this
question was one of minor importance. Today we are a political party
with two duly elected members at
Victoria, and it is certainly up to us
to state specifically "what legislation
we consider in the interest of the
Is the quantity of public franchises
to private individuals, or handing
over the control of a public hospital
to a coterie of irresponsible busy-
bodies  legislation    beneficial  to  the
workers? Do we favor or oppose
the extension of the sphere of public
activities within the domain of the
present  Capitalist state?
1 do not think it wise o allow our
elected members to be the sole
judges of what measures to support
and what to oppose. Their ideas
may be far from a true reflex of the
party mind. Who is to decide if the
members disagree as to questions of
policy? Oh! refer that to the executive committee, 1 hear some one exclaim. Very good, but the executive
committee has no means of deciding
what the party wants, without they
take a party vole on the question.
The most systematic and practical
method of acquainting our representatives and the general public as to
our attitude on current legislation
would be for the party to adopt a
statement of what legislation we
favor and what we oppose. Such a
statement might be discussed at a
party convention and passed by a
referendum  vote.
The declarations adopted become
our working program, and whether
such program is attached to the main
platform or issued as a separate
document is but a mere matter of
Already our elected members have
been blamed in some quarters, and
entirely without justice, for the things
they have done and the things left
undone. Some comrades expected
them tO do one thing, and others
something else, but our members not
being mind readers, have no idea
what the party wants as a whole. So
long as there is no authoritative
statement of immediate present-day
policy, every new member elected
will serve to make confusion more
Without we specify just what legislation we consider in the best interest of the working class, any corporation tool or political grafter
could get elected as a Socialist candidate' and support any legislation he
saw fit, no matter how pernicious,
claiming that in his opinion the measure was in the best interests of the
If wc are to grow as a patty we
Ilittst substitute ambiguous phrases
by clear cut declarations, and thus
make ourselves intelligible to the
In a short article such as this it is
impossible to give even the main
arguments in support of this proposition. Should, however, the editor
allow me to use a further issue I will
give further reasons why the time has
come that the Socialist Party of B.
C. should place itself in line with the
international Socialist movement by
the adoption of a program of immediate legislative  activity.
Vancouver.  B. C. June 23,  1904.
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brilliancy.    Call and see us about rates, etc.
B. C. Electric Railway Co., """iSX^XW*
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Popular Grocery Store
The  idler gets the oyster.
The worker gets the shell:
The former can go to Europe,
The latter can go to — some other
place   to   look    for  a   boss  when   he
loses  his  present job.
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436 Hastings Street     -     Vancouver, B. C.
Electro Napetic Institute SI^eV,?
ami Viteopathlc Treatment    Brtnsmead Blk.,
Cordova Street,    'Phone 1035.
In for Hale at this office at 50c each, postpaid.
Address:   Western Clarion,  Vancouver. B. C.
who desire to promote the   publicity of   their
business should use the advertising columns of
The Western  Clarion
Reaches Over 2,000 Wage-earners Weekly
You should subscribe for and read The Clarion.
Its columns are open to you; it voices your
interests alone; it fears nothing but the sheriff,
and can only look to you for support	
aed  into  the   social   w%a1
Jtion of the present under which
workers of the world are bound
ether by  the  ties  of  a common
cured in ownership of We product!,
or the products of his labor. Hfs freedom will be assured.   If the owner-
We   shudder to contempkte   tine | jnce  _^___
awful consequences should the work-1 "tempest" in a vlry small A
__„. .... .„.«.«.„" consider the application put forward by five Sikhs
who have come here in the hope of
finding employment."    As a recom-
xT'the quantity of public franchises
to private individuals, or handing
over the control of a public hospital
to a coterie of irresponsible busy-
bodies  legislation    beneficial  to  the
is for sale at this office at GOc each, postpaid.
Address:   Western Clarion, Vancouver. B. C


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