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The Western Clarion May 20, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, May'20, 1905.
subscription Price
Psa Ykak
Loyalty to the Empire, a Lost Opportunity and Patriotic Funds
•Toronto, May 9, 1905.-Earl Orey
Is come and gone and been wined
Ed dined and presented with innumerable addresses overflowing with
.,,testations of loyalty and devo-
(■),(. flunkies and toadies have
lil their carnival of self-abasement
liil ull sorts of self-advertising busy-
Tdics have exploited the occasion as
(means of keeping themselves before
public. Of course the prostitute
■ess litis done  its shore in sloppy,
sliiug editorials und columns of
iBcriplion to create the impression
|ui Toronto outdid itself in an out-
Irst of spontaneous popular eiithusi-
|m,   and   keep  up  the  tradition    of
Loyalty   to  the  Empire.
lint despite the general conspiracy
the purl of our intellectual guides
maintain   this   popular  delusion,
. or two little newspaper utter-
Ices throw a side-light on the whole
kusio.ii, which exposes the utter
lllowness of the pretence that   the
ss  ui  the  people  are  affected    by
this flunkeyism and fanfaronade.
L absolute apathy und Indifference
the   general  public    is  thus com-
ntcil on by nn outsider:
Kclitor World:—1 have heard of the
;itisli cheer which has brought con-
Irnation to many a foe and plea-
\i: to many a pojiular Idol. Where
it when your king's representa-
watrhed the crowcls greeting (?)
|ii Orey-     Not u  sound.     His ex-
I'nc.v   raised   his   hat    again    and
in  to a  gaping,  curious  throng.
warrant    that    in    the    United
Itcs he would have a much hearti-
lund  noisier   welcome.     Hay,    you
onto people, wake up and got u
lUe enthusiasm outside of money-
Even when your national anthem is
lyod, about one in a hundred unices.
1 bet Karl Orey thinks you're the
ii. —Yankee.
I'lie   world   has   ulso   the   following
torial   which    certainly    shows    a
}nge ignorance of  the  present-day
and    temper   of   the    working
A   Lost  Opportunity.
|I.ubor  interests  of  Toronto    haw
lieeii  iis  alert   as   usual   or   they
lid  huve extended  an  official   wel-
ie   to   Karl   Orey.     His  excellency
taken   a  deep   interest   iu   labor
its.       He   has    identified    himself
i  several   movements   looking    to
solution  of  social   problems  and
well   deserved   the  recognition  of
frunized  labor  in  this country.
there      wus      no        design,        of
prse,     in     the     failure     of    the
interests   of   Toronto   to   ex-
fid nn official   welcome  to the gov-
ir-general,    They  simply allowed
i ity's  welcome  to come  through
established sources.   It is regret-
til o, however,   that  it did  not   oc-
to organized labor to invite Eur!
fey to the  Labor Temple,  where it
■probable his excellency would have
piwn out some advanced ideas on
^ioiis   affecting   labor   interests."
Organized  labor  in  Toronto  Is by
means  as    thoroughly    class-con-
|ous as it ought to be—as it  will
by and  bye  when  the capitalists
III  the judge's,   the police  and    the
llitiu get through with it—but they
fe not looking for "advanced ideas"
tm hereditary tax-eaters and paroles.    It  is sofe to say that   if the
a had occurred to any reactionary
lor man thnt  it  would  be the cor-
I   thing  to  imitate  the doings  of
snobo racy,      the     proposition
mid  have    been    promptly   snowed
tier.     Earl  Grey    belongs   to  the
icroos and increasing class of up-
" caste  "friends of labor" who have
n well described by Tolstoi as be-
', willing to do anything for   the
■orer— except    get   off   his   buck,
nt   practical  and only solution of
social problem docs not commend
'"If to them.
Then and Now.
Wnen one recalls the torchlight processions und the cheering crowds,
who with a realizing sense of the fitness of things, hitched themselves
like beasts of burden to Lord Lans-
downe's carriage and drew him triumphantly throtign the streets of
Toronto, only a lew years ugo, in
contrast to the sheer apathy or purely spectacular interest of the working class today in the presence of
their nominal rulers, who shall say-
that cluss-conscious sentiment is not
growing. It is only in the germ yet,
but it will soon develop into a principle of uction. There have been
many things doing in the interval-
strikes and boycotts, callings out of
the militia, judicial decisions, injunctions and a general mobilization of
the reserve forces of capitalism—and
somehow the masses are beginning to
get a glimmering perception of the
fact, that all these gorgeous and resplendent beings, whom they have
been accustomed to worship afar off—
such as kings, princes, governors-
general, military commanders, etc.—
are really but the ornamental figureheads and representatives of the real
rulers, and that uny powers which
thuy may possess or influence which
they can exercise are, and must be,
used to keep the people in subjection
to the. power behind the throne.
Patriotic  Funds.
Comrade .lames Simpson, representative of the Socialist party on the
Hoard of Kducution hus been doing
splendid work, voting alone on many
occasions for propositions clearly in
the working-class interest "regardless
of expense," as a good Socialist
should, und making a linn stand
against militarism in the schools.
One particularly objectionable proposal) which he vainly opposed, was
to permit the schools to be used for
taking up subscriptions among the
children for a memorial to the South
African heroes—the poor, deluded
fools who thought' they were going
on a picnic and got what was coining to them from lioer bullets and
enteric lever. How little even the
jingo element of the public care
about preserving their memories may
be seen from the fact Ihat Ihe only
contributions yet received to the
proposed $82,000 fund so far as announced are $5,000 promised from
the Ontario government at the time
when the moribund Ross administra-:
tion was grasping at every straw to
save itself from defeat and bribing
everybody who held out his hat.—and
a like sum from the city treasury.
Not a cent hns been given b.v the
prominent citizens who are posing as
patriots by  fluttering  the scheme.
Frequent appeals have been made
to the public to come down handsomely, but they hnve fallen on deaf
ears. Vow. ns a Inst resort, they
are trying the "kinchen lay." Readers of Dickens will remember the
term ns applied to the meanest form
of thievery practiced by Pagan's
gang—bullying the children for their
coppers. Talking about patriotic
funds; it isn't, any wonder that the
general public is getting leary of the
truly loyal confidence operators.
There wns a Queen Victoria Memorial Fund started shortly after the
good old lady's death. Every woman wns aiked to contribute. Seamstresses and servant girls were waited on and besought in the sacred
mime of loyalty and patriotism to
give something, even 10 cents. Well,
most of thorn coughed up—to have
refused would have been "disloyal,"
you know—and nothing i,ns been
heard of the Queen Victoria Memorial Fund since, nnd what has become
of the fund bids fair to become ns
much of an historic mystery as the
identity of tho Man in the Iron Mask
or "who struck Hilly Patterson."
Is there nny degree of meanness to
which jingoism will  not  descend?
—Phillips Thompson.
correct stand had been taken on the
questions discussed. The propertyless working class did not pay the
taxes and would have to fight the
taxpayers in order to remedy the
abuses in our educational systems.
Comrade Simpson would have to
vote alone many more times before
the capitalist, text books were abolished und scientific teaching introduced
Referring to the international character of the Socialist movement, Dr.
Titus pointed out that similar meetings were beiuf held in all quarters
of the earth. In Tokio and St.
Petersburg, in Berlin and Beunos
Ayres, the same appeal is being made
to the workers in different tongues.
The working class in every land were
learning that wars were caused by
capitalist rulers and money lenders,
und   the   workers'   lives    and    homes
creditable to him tnat he has suppressed his individuality into that of
the Socialist party. Naturally it requires some effort to accept instructions from a committee as to how-
to vote, but probably no one sees
the advantage of having the collective wisdom of the Local's committee to guide the actions of the elected comrade better than Comrade
Simpson himself.
Organizer 0. M. O'Brien, of ^the
R. C. party spent a day in Toronto
on May 8, he and the writer doing
the soap-box act before the local
meeting. Comrade O'Brien proved
himself a forceful speaker along-
scientific nnd revolutionary lines, his
style of speaking, of actions and even
his appearance being a reminder of
Comrade Kingsley, to whom Comrade
O'Brien gives credit for clearing the
Utopian    cobwebs     from    his     upper
Census Bulletin Shews How Nome aad Family are Safeiearded
are  sacrificed  for    the    profit  of  the  stopes.     There   aro  others   who    can
capitalist   ruling  class.    Already  the j say the same,  the writer included,
opposing armies of different countries!    Toronto  Local has engaged  Joseph
were fraternizing. Soon they would
refuse to fight the capitalist'battles.
Dr. Titus gave a remarkably clear
exposition of scientific Socialism,
distinguishing it from Utopian, sentimental and municipal Socialism.
The folly of working for public .ownership, which is distinctly a middle-
class issue, wus made clear—Glasgow, Russia and Germany being used
as examples to show that public
ownership had failed to improve the
conditions of the working class, who
only secured a bare existence in every
country. The :'lron law- of wages"
was elaborated upon to show that it
is practically Impossible to better
conditions until the wage system is
abolished. Trades unions, however,,
do valuable work in teaching the
working class how to organize them*
The meeting is considered as the
best ever held in Toronto under Socialist auspices, ana the clear and
simple address of Dr. Titus will do
much towards breaking down the
wall of bigotry with which Toronto
is cursed. Comrade Simpson is also
given credit for making the best
speech, of his career. He i.s a young
man of about thirty and is rapidly
gaining a clear knowledge of the
principles of scientific* Socialism.
With this knowledge he will be capable   of   doing   invaluable   service   for
his c'asiB in the strenuous days before
ns. And having refused place and
power from the old capitalist parties
and passed safely through the hog
Of compromising , "labor" politics;
there is nn doubt of his integrity,
and no fear that his undated resignation will have to be used by Toronto
As a leader in the trades union
movement, and as a popular worker
in church and temperance circles, for
many years Comrade Simpson has
made himself well and favorably
known  in Toronto.    It  is,   therefore.
Wanhope for a propaganda meeting
in Labor Temple on May 28. Wan-
hope pushes Wilshire's Magazine,
but has a reputation for talking clear
scientific, economics. It is to be hop.
ed that no copies af May Wilshire.'s
with its muddy criticism of Berger-
ism, will be circulated in Toronto.
lf any are circulated however, there
is no fear of Wilshire's idea that Socialists may vole for capitalist, candidates when no Socialist is in the
field will be approved. If Wilshire
wants to lose some more coin and a
big bunch of subs, he cannot do better than continue promulgating such
middle-class ideas.
Talking of papers reminds me of a
comment made by Dr. Titus when
here. He held a meeting in Guelph
where there i.s a Socialist club not
paying dues to any party. The
meeting was presided over by an alderman, who, although a member of
the Socialist organization, did not
"run as a Socialist, candidate, being
one of the "good men" type. The
alderman means well and the Guelph
Socialists mean well but the only
Socialist paper circulated in the city-
is the Appeal to Iteason, and the
comrades have much to learn yet.
Dr. Titus contrasted the condition
in Guelph with the revolutionary
movement he found in Toronto,
where he found many Clarions, Workers, Toledo nnd Chicago Socialists.
etc.. in circulation, nnd he made the
point that a movement can be judged
by the class of papers the members
of the parly   rend.
The point appears to be well taken.
Moral: push the circulation of the
revolutionary papers and of the
Clarion in particular. Its field is a
large one, but. as the organization is
limited it must need every comrade's
active assistance.
Weston  Wrigley.
Toronto, May  10,  1905.
oronto Socialists celebrated May
in true international style, a
"-attended meeting being held in
••or Temple on Sunday afternoon,
1 i' 80, the chief speaker being Dr.
F„ Titus, editor of the Toledo
'i'llist,   and  formerly   of  Seattle.
bided in the audience were a large
mber of Finnlanders nnd Russian
ws, Toronto being a haven for
ny   of   these  people.    Comrade  F.
Peel, who has been a great factor
changing the Toronto movement
'in a j.,„ldy reform basis to a re-
lutlonary organization, acted as
lamoa Simpson, who was elected
the board of education last Janu-
was the first siieakcr, his sub-
t being: "Why I Vote alone on the
hool Board." Comrade Simpson
d how he had been nominated by
1 Socialist parly on an unconipro-
sing revolutionary platform, re-
ving, however, hundreds of votes
m non-Socialists. He was direct-
responsible to those who
I nominated him, explaining that
|.v hud chosen an educational com-
Iteo to discuss the various Issues
'eh arise ot each meeting and give
'ructions as to how he should
The committee meets the
nt before each meeting of the
M*d of Education. Since his elt'e-
n last January he had been forced.
to vote alone five times. Representing the working class he was not
concerned in how high the tax rate
was, but the thing that did concern
him wns the securing of the best
possible education for the children of
the workers. He had voted alone
against the reduction of the school
appropriation the reduction of the
number of schools and increase in
size of clusses and in favor Of , increasing the wages paid the female
teachers on many questions finding
tha' the interests of the workers,
whom the Socialist party represented; being directly opposod to the interests of the tax.payers who were
represented by the trustees belonging to the capitalist parties. He
would oppose militarism In the
schools nnd if he was unfaithful to
his trust at any time the signed
resignation which he hod placed in
the hands of the Sociulist local,
could be sent in nnd his seat vacated.
Dr. Titus expressed his pleasure at
being present to henr from a Socialist representative in a capitalist body
such a frank statement nf his actions. He must congratulate the
Toronto .'movement for having worked out such a democratic system,
the equal of which did not exist in
America. In no rase where Socialists had been elected to public office
had he heard such nn admirable system for advising the elected comrade and controlling his actions. Tho
Single Tax Idea Gaining Ground
London, May (>.—A team of workhouse inmates yoked to a plow has
been at work ill a field attached to
the Milton-next— Sittingbourne workhouse. The ideu i.s that of the master, who has been considering the
problem of what to do with the able-
bodied inmates of the house. The
last meeting of the Milton guardians
considered the experiment with much
interest. \o dissatisfaction was expressed by the members of the team.
On the contrary many of them seemed to enjoy it. One of the guardians
remarked thnt it was an illustration
of the aptness of the cry, "back to
the land."—Daily paper.
No doubt these "able-bodied" workhouse inmates, bubbling over with
animal   spirits  in consequence  of the
luxury and high-living of the workhouse existence, looked upon tne
plowing as a happy relief from the
usual monotony of life, a sort of
play-spell as it were, that would
carry them back in memory to the
days of their youth when they used
to play horse in some hack alley or
vacant lot. At any rate this sort
ol" pastime would furnish fully as effective a safety valve for the escape
of surplus energy, as golf, polo or
fox hunting, besides being much more
useful. And then think of the dignity attached to it. Happy thought
of the good master, for which the
workhouse initiates should be truly-
thankful.     Let   'em  plow.
Socialism seems to be the spectre
that confronts the propertied class
in every country on earth. It is reported from Australia that a fusion
of the political parties of capital is
about to be effected for the purpose
of downing the Socialist movement
which it seems is assuming threatening proportions. That is, threaten'
ing to the ruling class. The sooner
the old political movements arc forced to show their hand by combining
for the purpose of holding the rising
aspirations of the workers in check,
the sooner will capitalist rule meet
its Waterloo. The sooner the mask
of hypocricy and pretense is stripped
from our own Liberal and Conservative parties, nnd they be likewise
driven together, the better for Canada and her working class. Neither
of these political parties have any
use for the workingman other than
by humbugging him, to hold him in
leash for tho skinning process nt the
hands of capitalist property. Once
they can be forced to unmask and
show themselves in their true colors,
tho workers will make short shift of
Strikes fail, not because of the vicious proclivities of the so-called
scab nnd strike-breaker, but because
of the chronically over-stocked condition of the labor market. Out of
such a condition men can be recruited to engage in nny work no matter
how nefarious. The terrible pressure
of scant and uncertain unemployment
will   weaken   nnd   eventually   destroy
A writer in the Brewery workers'
Journal complains because there is
very little solidarity shown among
the members of the various unions."
Solidarity among dealers is a plant
that cannot thrive once the market
becomes over-supplied with the commodities in which they deal. This
applies to dealers in the commodity
labor-power ns well as those dealing
in other lines. The labor market is
continually glutted with labor-power
offered for sale. It will require something more potent in magic than
trade unionism, of either the pure
nnd Simple or tho industrial type, to
conjure solidarity among sellers of
labor power out of such market conditions.
Tho Kansas City Star wails because oil tnat a year ago brought
$1.18 a barrel, now sells for thirty-
seven cents. Of course, this is awful from the point of view of the oil
producer. If thirty-seven cents is
not a satisfactory price, whv does
the producer accept it? There is no
law on the statute books compelling
him to turn it oyer to tho "Standard"  nt  any price.
, o	
"Bank presidents. I am happy to
say, are ever honest, ever careful nnd
(ever conservative." said Frank G.
Bigelow at the annual banquet of tho
Bankers' Association of America, of
which he had been elected president.
One year later he had swiped $'!.-
000,000 from tho First National
Bank  of Milwaukee,  or which he was
A bulletin issued recently by the
OnrujUS Bureau, indicates that there
are l,6'i8,32l more moles than females in the I niled States, lt is
reasonable to suppose that immigro-
ition hus done much to bring about
this remarkable disproportion in the
sexes. Another singular revelation
iu the bulletin is that in 1,801 cities
of the nation there are 201,959 more
females than males. Where, Uien,
nre the men? In the mines and forests and on the farms. The country
districts, it. appears, have 1,840,280
more males than females. In further proof that the women are taking men's places in the cities, it may
be pointed out that only 47.7 per
cent, of the population of Massachusetts is male, and that in lthode
Island the proportion i.s 49.1 per
cent., and that in Montana and Wyoming il is 61.6 per cent, and 62.9 per
tent, respectively. The shift of male
population from the cities to thu
country districts during the last fifteen years has been very noticeable.
In 1890 there were 6,929 more moles
than females in 1,490 cities. The
excess of males over females in the
country districts in that year was
less by '100,000 than at present. It
is fair to assume that the more general employment of women in stores
und offices, factories and schools, has
brought about the change. The old-
time household industries have generally disappeared, having been
transferred to factories, so that women are more free to enter more and
more into the business world.—The
World of loday.
One of tho chief alarms sounded
against Socialism by those whose
mission it is to bolster up and apologize for ihe capitalist system of
properly and wealth production, is
that it purposes to destroy the
home. lt is peculiarly noticeable
that the charges made against Socialism are in eVory case the very
things of which the present system
is guilty. in uo case is this more
strikingly true than in that of the
destruction of the home and home
life. The bulletin in question furnishes ample proof that the old-time
home and home-life have been at
least in a large measure destroyed
and male and female alike have been
hurled into the vortex of capitalist
production, and subject to the by
no means tender mercies or a vulgor,
disgusting  and  brutal   labor  market.
As hand production was broken
down and supplanted by the machine
production of the modern factory
system, the male workers were first
forced into capitalist production as
wage slaves. As the development of
machinery reached the stage in certain branches of industry, notably
the textile industry, where it become
possible to utilize the physical capabilities of the females, they were
forced by economic necessity into the
factories, and being a cheaper form
of labor, that is, one that could be
forced to live on less, the male worker was slowly crowded out and driven to seek employment in other
lines of industry where it was as yet
impossible to use female labor. This
accounts for the she-districts around
many factory towns, and he-districts
whore mining, lumbering and agriculture prevail, although for obvious
reasons it is less noticeable in regard
to   the  latter.
In the earlier years of capitalism
the wage of the male worker sufficed
to keep himself and family in reasonable comfort. As capitalist property became more fully developed, owing to tho mechanical instruments of
production being more highly perfected, and a consequently smaller number of bporatives required to perform the sumo service, the unavoidable competition among the workers
crowded tho wage down, until it became absolutely necessary thnt tele
wife, the mother, seek employment
in the shop or fnctery in order to
piece out fhe wage of the husband
and father which was becoming all
too Insufficient to meet tho family
requirements, .lust a step further
on nnd by the same process nnd same
token, the children even almost down
to tho infant in arms, were driven
into the shambles of capital, there
to be ground in pico-meal, that their
blood might add to the profits of
capital, und their scanty  wnge might
the fine.spun sentiments of honor nnd   also  president,   and   squandered   it in
manhood. wheat speculation.
ven to the mining, lumbering, transportation and such industries as can
not yet assimilate female labor.
.fust what effect this must have
upon the home life, upon morals and
ethics and all that goes to mark the
high type of civilized man, requires
no description. One glance at the
conditions ns they actually exist in
any great centre of population or
around any mining or lumbering district, will tell the story far plainer
than words.
The phenomena indicated by the
census bulletin aro neither the result
of accident nor of vicious individual
tendencies in either males or females.
Neither are they due to antipathy for
the home-life. Man and woman take
as naturally to the home and home-
life as a duck takes to water. This
destruction of the home and tne various phenomena referred to are tho
logical results of capitalist wealth
production. They are some of the
choice fruits of capitalist property,
and however much we may deplore
it, they will increase in , magnitude
and significance so long as capitalist property holds sway. It is utterly impossible that any other conditions should obtain under its baneful rule.
Yes, thp "old-time household industries have generally disappeared,
* * * and women are free to enter more and more into the business
world," und as Marx has said of thu
w orker, she is free in the double sense
of having her labor-power to sell,
and at the same time having no
other means of obtaining sustenance.
Even the preachers are up against
it as well us the useful members of
human society. The Newark, New
Jersey Advertiser, in reporting the
recent M. E. conference in that City
says: Before the appointments were
read, most of the congregation knelt
while the Bishop offered a long, sad
prayer. He prayed in a voice that
often came near to giving away to
tears, ond beseeched the Lord to
comfort those who would in a few
minutes listen for their names and
not hear them called." As the appointments were road an occasional
stifled sob was heard from those who
wen? left out. It was the same old
story that so often confronts the
wage-earner. Not enough jobs to go
round. It were well to remind those
preachers that it is a "condition and
not a theory" thai confronts them
and one that cannot bo remedied by
prayer, no "matter how earnest.
"We believe that no self-constituted
body of men has the right to usurp
the power of arbitrarily dictating to
others their course in the following
of.their trade, occupation or business, and we oppose any limitation
upon their rights in so doing."
The above is from the "declaration
af principles," of a gang of capitalist pirates known as the Boston Employers' Association. As the capitalists, as o class, have "usurped the
power of arbitrarily dictating" to
the working class ''their course in
the following of their trade, occupation or business," it is up to the
workers to take this Boston gang nt
their word, and get themselves ns
speedily as possible into training and
fettle, to kick the whole thieving
bunch into oblivion, a locality they
nre eminently fitted to adorn along
with their chattel-slave owning and
feudal predecessors.
The total output of the Baldwin
Locomotive Works for 1904 was
1,468 locomotives, of which 1,853
were steam, 91 electric and 7 compressed air. This is nearly one-third
less than the number built in 1908,
which was 2,022. The falling oil in
business, which began in the autumn
of 1903, affected the locomotive industry. The works were run at their
full capacity until tho spring, but
from Jtlne until the latter port of
October very: few orders were received. During the year 286 locomotives
wore exported to the following countries: Argentina, Brazil, Canada.
Chile, Columbia, Costa Hiea, Cuba,
Guatemala, Hawaii, Japan, Korea,
Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Porto
Rico and South Africa.—The Uail-
road Gazette.
The  rails  on   the   Belt   Linn  Road
,  .      , . ,     .       ,        .  . around Philadelphia nre the heaviest
aid nicking out  the lamily existence. . „sw|  ()n  any  r,ull,m(|  in  „„.    wor|(1.
From Ihis point tho disintegration
of the family is not difficult to trace.
It is by no menns n fur cry until the
mules drift upon the tides of the
labor market to such portions of the
nrth as may for tho moment promise employment, and the females to
such parts as can most effectively
grind profit out of their labor. The
females, will naturally drift to the
cities where its factories and other
Iniquities will swallow them by the
thousands.     The  males   will   be  dri-
Thoy weigh 112 pounds to tho yard,
and are 17 pounds heavier than any
rails over before used. Thoy are bul-
ustod in concrete, and 9-inch girders
were used to bind them. All the
curves and spurs were made of the
same heavy rails and tho tracks aro
considered superior to nny railroad
section ever undertaken. The rails
were made especially for the Pennsylvania Railroad by the Pennsylvania Steel Company. An officer of
the railroad company states that
this section of roadbed will last for
twenty-flVe years without repairs.—
International   Railway   Journal.
■ "
nai west-em* clamo», VAabouvEfe, b. c.
May 20,
Ihe Won
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May  20,   1905
,A stock argument used against the
Socialists is that they contemplate
a high-handed confiscation of property. This is quite enough to throw
many 0 well-meaning person into a
fit of the horrors. If instead of
wringing their hands and crying out
against this fancied confiscation they
would first take the trouble of inquiring into the nature and character of the particular property upon
which the confiscation-inclined Socialist has his aye, the matter would
take on quite another form und ni>-
pear in an altogether different light.
The Socialist has his eye solely
upon capitalist property, that particular form of prouerty which is
used for the purpose of making a
profit by the exploitation of wage-
labor. In the first place it stands
to reason that no prolit cun be mode
unless some individual or individuals
have sullered corresponding loss.
Profit does not grow upon bushes,
nore docs it fall like manna fell from
Uie heavens in the olden time. It
comes from the products of human
labor as u result of some peculiar
process relating to their production
and exchange. It will be readily
seen that profit does not accrue to
those who make the various things
Uiat enter into the channels of trade,
and out of which all profit comes,
but it falls to the lot of those \Jvho
take possession of the things produced, ana are thus enabled to appropriate to themselves such advantage
or profit as may be attached to such
possession or ownership. As the
workers, they who actually make the
things that enter into the world's
market, coin their life force into
them, while capitalist property takes
possession of and thus extracts a
profit from their production and sule,
it is as plain os a pike-staff that
whatever profit is realized by capital
out of the transaction is that much
of a drain upon the life force of the
workers. It represents that portion
Of their energy expended for which
they get nothing in return. A more
flagrant act of confiscation could
scarce be conceived.
The fundamental basis of capital is
the confiscation of the products of
labor. This is the true significance
of capital. , It is from tnis alone
that it derives its value, from this
alone It attains that prestige and
power that makes it today the dominant factor in civilization. Capital
was born in confiscation, and it has
grown and developed to its present
position of world mastery by the
same process. Its devotees and apologists should carefully avoid raising the cry or confiscation, lest undue attention be called to this, its
own' peculiar characteristic.
Tho  value  of  capital  does  not lie
in the past but in tho present.   Tho
capitalization   of   any  concern,   that
is,   its value  as  an    investment,    is
measured or determined  by   tho   ex-
teat of its opportunity to successfully confiscate  the products  of labor,
lt  will  be rated high as  an investment,  if  it holds  a point  of   vantage
whereby it is enabled to cheaply confiscate a large  volume  of    tho   products of labor, and successfully checkmate the efforts of other confiscatory
concerns     to    share in    the  plunder.
That is  why    the    "Standard Oil,"
"Beef Trust," "Sugar Trust," "Steel
Trust,"   etc.,   are generally   acknowledged  to bo sucn good  things.   The
point of vantage they occupy  by virtue of their huge capital,   the result
of previous confiscation, not  only enables   them   to   confiscate   daily   the
products   brought    forth  by  the  expenditure of the life force of a great
army   of   their   own  employees,    but,
also    places    lesser   confiscators   at
their mercy and  forces  them to disgorge  to  tho  big  concerns  much   of
the fruit of their petty confiscations.
The    transformation    of   capitalist
property into collective or wark-
ing-closs property, and the establishment of production for us*.' in
place of the present production for
prafit, does not involve the confiscation of property, but on the contfrary
the stoppage of such confiscation. If
a band of thieves armed to ihe teeth
were intrenched in some favorable
place Where they could hokd up the
luckless passer-by and deprive him of
his valuables, they would be denounced even by smug capitalist society as
robbers and outlaws. Were tne victims to band together, oust the robbers and turn their own weapons
aguinst them, even capitalist society-
would justify their acts and no accusation of robbery woula lie aguiasl
them for so doing. The same rule
will apply with equal force to the
case af the capitalist cluss. The
point of vantage it holds that enables it to confiscate the doily product of the workers lies in its ownership of the means of production.
The Weapon whereby it defends itself
in possession of this point of vantage is the power of government.
By this weapon it establishes tne
legality of confiscation, and defends
itself in the right to practice it. The
victims, the workers, in every country on earth are awakening to a
realization of the true significance of
capitalist property, and manifesting
a disposition to oust the iconliscatora
from their point of vantage by turning their own weapons against them,
in this they will be successful, as
such action is strictly in line with
human progress and well-being.
This, the supreme tusk of the workers, will be accomplished not by inaugurating nn era of confiscation,
but by bringing such an era to an
end. The corner stone of slavery,
whether chattel, feudal or wage, has
been the confiscation of the products
of labor by a ruling, o master, class.
When capitalists and their appologists-
point the linger at the Socialist and
cry "confiscation," it is but another
case of the thief crying "stop thief"
in order to distract attention from
himself as the real criminal. Capitalism invariably accuses Socialism
of the (rimes which are its own stock
in  trade.
lowost wage, and the worst conditions of labor. No power on top of
earth can even check, and much less
prevent, the downward trend of wages and labor conditions, in the face
of the world's labor market that is
chronically over-stocked with the
commodity labor power.
It will take something of a greater
battering-ram power than mere lung
blasts to crumble the walls of capitalist Jericho. If all hands and the
cook, in solemn concert assembled
were to voiciferate against it, the
grinding of so-called economic organizations of workmen, between the
upper and nether millstones of capitalist government, and the surplus
labor in the market, would proceed
apace and the grist would be ground
It is no use to make a loud noise
about capitalists destroying this,
that or the other organization whieh
stands in their way. Of course tbey
will if they hove the power, and it
would be for wiser to search for
means of stripping them of power,
than to squall  because they  use it.
perty, and consequent power, in trust
for tho good of all. They would experience no difficulty in administering
the trust sin an eminently satisfactory way. to themselves at least,, if
the workers would only obey the divine command of "servants obey your
masters." It is indeed sad to learn
that the brewery workers are inclined to ape the style of the masters
by becoming insolent and arbitrary.
The legislature should pass a law
prohibiting it.
_ Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
One would think by the noise that
some of the Sociulist papers ore making because the Chicago employers
manifest a disposition to absolutely
destroy the unions, that they expect
to prevent it by howling about it.
There is; no valid reason why organized capital should not put the quietus on organized lubor on the economic field. Not only does it control ull of the economic power by
virtue of its ownership of the means
of production, but it also controls
the co-ercive and repressive powers
of the state. Under such circumstances it is a foregone conclusion
that it can put orgunized labor out
of business once it sets about it.
The latter possesses neither control
over the moons of living nor the
powers of government. It is, therefore, in the last analysis helpless on
the economic field. Every move
made by organized lobor not only
points out to cupital the necessity of
counter-moves, but compels capitalists to adopt them. Organized labor
having no control over the means of
production, and possessing no government powers, has practically no
means of redressing its grievances
once they become unbearable, at least
no" legal means, lt is, therefore,
compelled to resort to illegal means,
with the result that the repressive
powers of tho state are brought into
requisition and the rebellious ones
are soon brought to their senses by
being whipped, clubbed, shot or bull-
penned into subjection.
We may deplore the fact to our
heart's content, but it still stares
'Us in the face, that the workers are
duily falling victims to the crass
stupidity of persisting in the impossible) task of trying to wring' concessions from a master class that is
itself in possession and control of all
the means of industrial warfare. It
is like a bunch of totally unarmed
men attempting to wring concessions
from another bunch which was armed  to  the teeth.
The only warfare in the economic
field it is possible for Uie workers to
curry on is in the nature of a fight
among themselves for points of van-
tago in a crowded market. Incidental !y the employers' interests suiter,
but not because of any direct attack
upon them. In fact the workers cannot attack the employers upon the
economic field except they come at
I hem by way of the political field.
In supremo control of the economic
field, because of their control of the
political powers, the capitalists are
in :i position to compel the workers
tO Kiibmit to the convincing logic of
competition in determining which
ones shall be fortunate enough to
hove employment. That, is what is
now   being   worked   out   in   Chicago.
A miner ut Hedley, B. C, writing
to a friend in Vancouver, says that
although Hedley ' is 'JO miles from
tho railroad and 50 miles from water transportation, men in search of
employment are as plentiful os anywhere else. Time was when the unemployed would be found only around
the larger centres of population, and
along the railway lines. The pressure is now becoming so groat that
they are forced to visit the more remote places in pursuit of the elusive
job. Wherever industry may spring
up, no matter on how small a scale,
there appears as if by magic the applicant  for work.
The unemployed in their everlasting,
ebb and flow in search of the job
which alone can furnish the means
of sustenance, affords a pitiful und
pathetic spectacle to the student of
capitalist civilization. And yet this
army of surplus lobor, in spite af its
pathetic and vvoe-begone appearance,
is un invaluable asset of capitalist
property, as it furnishes the lever
whereby the workers in employment
ore held docile nnd submissive under
the lash of capitalist exploitation.
In the face of this army of unemployed, tho workers in employment find
it impossible to exact better prices
for their labor power and more satisfactory conditions as to its sale.
The surplus of labor power in the
market is responsible for the defeat
of every strike entered into for the
purpose of enforcing better prices and
conditions in regard to the sale of
The interests of capitalist, property
demand a permanent army of surplus laborers, the larger the better,
so long as it does not reach dimensions, and a degree of misery that
will cause it to openly revolt, and assert itself by riot, pillage and destruction. The Socialist urges such
a transformation in the system of
property ownership in the means of
wealth production, as will enable all
men to feed, clothe and shelter themselves, without asking permission
from a master, or paying tribute for
the privilege. But, of course, the
Socialist is 0 wicked agitator, a disturber, an all around sinful person
who threatens to destroy our glorious civilizatioo. As its glory consists of the pomp, magnificence and
power of a brutal and conscienceless
ruling clnss upon the one hand, and
the hopeless sweltering and degrading poverty of a slave class upon
the other, it ought to be destroyed,
and the sooner the better. Assuredly
notning worse could be put In its
In speaking of the strike of the
brewery workers, one of the head
brewery men of Seattle says:
"The real cause of the trouble is
the brewery workers. Each year
they demand increased wages and
conditions, and become more insolent and arbitrary in their dealings
with the proprietors."
Insolence and arbitrariness are distinctly prerogatives of the employing
class, and it is sinful in. the extreme
upon the part of the breweryworkers
to infringe upon those prerogatives.
The brewery bosses, no doubt, hold
their position by tne same divine
right that enables our friend Boor to
preside over the destinies of the coal
miners of Pennsylvania, and it is not
only sinful,but positively Hocieligious
upon the port of the workers to dispute this right in either case.
The workers should cultivate meekness and humility, a much more becoming garb for those whom tho Lord
hns placed in the position of "hewers of wood and drawers of water,"
und leave the attributes of insolence
and arbitrariness to those whom tho
same  lord  has    appointed   to   watch
The United States government ,has
two bottle ships now under construction, the Connecticut and the Louisiana. The former is being built at
the government navy yard at New
York, the latter at the works of the
Newport News Shipbuilding Company in Virginia. Those high up in
the navy deportment hove been for
some years advocating that Uncle
Sam should build his own ships in
his own yards, and with a view to
so doing the New York yard has
been brought to a high state of efficiency in the matter of equipment.
It seems that a sort of contest is on
now between tho New York government yard and the Virginia concern
in the building of Uie two ships mentioned, each concern endeavoring to
demonstrate its superiority over the
other. As cheapness is the supreme
test of superiority in this commercial age, and cheapness is arrived at
only by judicious and close labor-
skinning, the winner of the contest
will establish its superiority by having more completely reduced Uie skinning process to a fine art. The following from the Scientific. American
of April 29, would indicate that the
foxy old chap with the high-water
pants, star-spangled coot, billy-goat
whiikers and wooden-nutmeg countenance, is forging ahead in tlie can-
tost in a manner that promises to
bring him in as great fame as a labor-skinner as he has already attained  as  a  "benevolent"   assimilator:
An excellent opportunity to get the
exact comparative figures of time and
cost in the construction of the "Louisiana" nnd "Connecticut" has been
afforded by ah investigation recently
made by the House Labor Committee, appointed to determine the desirability of Gomper's Eight-Hour
Bill. The report, contains statistical
data concerning the cost, of the two
ships, and we learn that in the construction of the hull the overage man
in tne New York navy yard accomplished us much every ten minutes as
the average man at Newport News
accomplished every twelve minutes
and twenty-five seconds; ulthough in
a dny of ten hours the Newport News
man worked in 0.2 of q, pound more
than the average navy yard man did
in a day of eight hours. The new
port News officials decided that the
building af the hull offered the best
basis of comparison, and they compiled a statement of the weights of
materia! worked into the hull, aud
the total time of labor employed on
hull construction. The same thing
was done in connection with the
"Connecticut," by the officials of the
New York navy yard. The comparison showed that the average production per man, per hour, on the "Connecticut" exceeded by 24.48 per cent
the average production per man, per
hour, on the "Louisiana." A further inquiry into conditions at the
government and at Uie private yards,
with a view to explaining this remarkable result, elicited the following explanation of the high efficiency
shown at the navy yard:
1. Higher rates of wages are paid
at  the  navy  yard   than   by    private
".'icompanies in Greater New York and
elsewhere, and the rates of the latter overage higher than companies
2. Employment the year around is
steadier and more secure than in private yards.
8, The higher wages, shorter hours
and steady employment attract the
best grade of workmen to the navy
yard, where a tacit recognition of an
asserted economic theory prevails,
thnt the best workmen cannot be induced to work extra hard without
larger pay than the average.
4. Prompt recognition of good
work by advance in wages and promotion in grade.
5. A large waiting list of mechanics and others from private shops to
select from.
6. The expectation or belief that if
the "Connecticut" was built in record time the building of another
battleship would be given tho Brooklyn navy yard.
7. A zeal generated by the general
challenge of the country to the navy
yard workmen to make good their
claims in this test.
8. Prompt discharge for inefficiency.
0. Dismissal of workmen who would
not come up to the required standard
of output in quantity and quality.
10. No restriction of output individually or collectively.
11. Loafing, soldiering or "mark
ing time" not tolerated.
12. Workmen required to begin
work tne moment the whistle blows,
and   to  continue    working  until   the
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Every labor Union in the 1        ^**
to place a card under tius n
month.    Secretaries please note "w P» I
Phoenix Trades and Labor  c«™, I
Meets    every    alter.,atr $£*\
John Riordan, president-
Brown, vice-president;    p.
caste sergeant-at-arms; ty* H R
bury, secrTtary-treasurcr, P f\ £8
198, Phoenix, B. C. u B°*
W. F.
Wednesday evening in the head
quarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 818 Gamble street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at S o'clock in the Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box 836, Vancouver, B.  C.
1. Edward Bird. a. C. Bsydon-jacs.
Railway Block    Tel. S2V.   P.O. Boi 982
314 Hutieos Stmt     -     Vascttvtr, B. C
Or. W.J. Curry
Cor Burrard and Robion Sts
Miners    Union,   No. 1
.    »•    Meets,   every Saturd.,
evening at 7 10 o'clock in \|;.."
hall.   Wm. Barnett, president
chle F. Berry, secretary.
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No. 17, wi
F. M. meets every third S.ntuni!]
from July 3. Alfred Andrew, Ji
idem; Jonathan Isherwood p nl
Box 250, Nanaimo, B. C, 'recol
ing secretary. ■
The International Brotherhood J
Electrical Workers.-Local No tit
Meets second and fourth Thiinl
days at I. B. E. W. Hall, Roon7j
fngleside Block. President tl
Blackstock; recording secretary tl
McDougall; financial secretary''m
Elsden. Address all commilf
tions to the hall. All sojourn*!
brethren cordially invited.
by  the  methods   employed    on    the
navy-built  ship.
The building of the "Connecticut"
has proved, among other things, thnt
the men, under the system of the
New York navy yard, ore making
more money in a given time; that
the government is getting more for
its money; and that it is getting it
in a  shorter  time.
In these days when Kansas goes in
for state oi) refineries, operated by
convict labor, Chicago and other
cities plunge into municipal ownership of street railways, garbage
plnnts, etc., and Bryan and other
relics of untiquity babble of government ownership of this, that and the
other thing, the above should be interesting reading to the wage-slave.
The higher wages, shorter hours and
steadier employment attract the very
cream of the working class, even to
such nn extent thot "a large waiting list of mechanics" are at all
times available. This makes ii possible to enforce the most rigid discipline os well os intensify the work.
This i.s proven by the statement that
the average production per man, per
hour, on the Connecticut, exceeded
that upon the Louisiana by 24.48
per cent., and by specifications 6, 7,
8, 9, 10, 11, 12 nnd 13.
It is no doubt true that government can save something by constructing its own ships, but what it saves
will under no circumstances go into
the pockets of the wage-earners.
Small danger of that higher rate of
wcrges referred to being pronounced
enough to enable the recipients thereof to trot in the same class with
Lawson's frenzied financiers, or even
poor Lawson himself.
ESTABLISH!?!) 1894
Tae Ottttt Laker Paper is Canada
Always a fcarlesss exponent in un |
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will b» |
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen ofall countries will I
soon recognize the fact that thev
mukt support and reod their mbo't |
Issued every Hriduy.
Tbe Voice Publishing Co., Liaiie,|
The Western Clarion is in receipt
of the following laconic message from
Comrade Weston "Wrigley, ot Toron.
to '
Wrigley—On Monday, May 8, to
Mr. and Mrs. Weston Wrigley, 188
Brunswick Avenue, Toronto, a daughter.
Marxine Wrigley. Catch the name?
—Weston Wrigley.
Published  Weekly by  Ihe
Wnttm federation of Miner.
A  Vigorous Advocate of Labori|
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.      Six Monthi, 50
Denver, Colorado.
Kurtz's Own        -.,
Kurtz's Pioneers   yjfl
Spanish Blossoms
C. PETERS prac,lcal M\
Hand-Uade Boots and Shoes tu order in
all styles.   Repair uik promptly nml neatly done.     Stock   of staple   ready made |
Shoes always on baud.
1491 WMMiMttr Ave.      Mont Pleaustl
155 Cordova Street
hove   it.   rejuvenated   with
Old Hats Cleaned, Pressed 1
Made  as  Good as    New    by esp*
workmen and at moderate cost.
Elijah Leard.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUIl HAT see  to « tH
tht Genuine Union Label 1* sewed In It.   If a r«t«*j
hon loose labels In his possession and offers    to 1*1
one In a hat for you, do not patronize  him.      l'
lee-sls in retail stores are counterfeits.     The g»
Union Label Is perforated on four edges,  exact? f
same as a postage stamp.    Counterfeits     are    «'
times perforated on three edges, snd so me times 1
on two.    John B. Station Co., of Philadelphia I*
non-union concern.
JOHN A.  MOFFITT.  President, Orange. N. J
Secretary,   ll W averly
Nsw Vol*.
Eventually  the Jobs  will  be held  by j over them.    We have been told of Urn
those who can and will submit to the I enough that the rich hold their pro-
inoiiient tile whistle blows at quitting time.
IS. Strict technical and exacting
supervision of a high order of skill
and experience. ,
14. A desire on the part of naval
constructors nnd workmen to remove
un impression of inefficiency growing
out of former navy yard construction of war vessels, before civil service examinations, controlled employment there.
It is not within our province to enter into the question of the eight-
hour bill, and the above tabulated
faetN ore given merely to show what
excellent  results  have been  obtained
OCIALI8M Is Inevitable. That means our ecoaomic sadist
development will some day make It clear even to the dalle'* V*
3T*£5 ■elation of oar industrial problems is possible onlyWB
°n!,tri5l oo-operatlon. But are we to look on passively <"*d » »
until the mind more dull aud dense thnn our own.hnint""
reasoned it out all hy itself t Certainly not. We want togrt «3
arvnemzaia*      A at A  •_• ...ttl *   ..a-  ■ ■    ■■   a__   •■__      .* a.i 11 - _.. t   tit WW
?*!,tri*J'.co;.0liel','t,on-. fi«»* are we to look on passive! v «*,d|t,j„t
■t tnrr*
... ■"",*
things will make "hlra'see the'Uglit some dajrTIrat "we want WJ
sooner. And we win get therein"the"aeaVfuture'lf we set to «Jjj
and educate the man who is stiU groping in the dark. V> e *V.
.  1.   1—■=.-— —- •-- •••— ——J any, nut w^ "7 „-»(•
to "ee It now. Therefore our Incessant propaganda nnd «£■.
tion. To do good work yon need good tools. Select TO«r p'%
ganda material carefully and you win see results. Two t>o»
UAf,__., ^,_ well triea as means of8odalist propaganda are        „, ..»«.,
&?.£*EW SOCIALISM.GthEdition; ISOPages; Paper&c,Cloth <*
#&£%£&**» S"* H' VA"~ MOammWSf^tS^
— •-1,^.u...,l » HUiinumv riuair ana in ere lit enrnv
Mi °zi5ffA<?!iJi1,tut«f*»*****«- Don't stand aio^Hltch^ou^waeon to the .
May 20, 1905
A Chapter from "Capital"
The Huying ond Selling of Labor-Power.
change of value that occurs in
i case oi  money   intended    to    oe
urted  into  capital,   cannot   toke
, in the money itself, since iu its
It mil oi moans of purchase aud of
iicnl it does no more than real*
thu price of the commodity it
or pays for; and, as hard cosh,
value petrified, never varying.
p.h little can it originate in the
mil act of circulation, the're-sole
. commodity, which does no
11 hi n transform Uie arcticle
ib bodily form back again
its money  form.      The   change
therefore,    take   place in  the
Imiility bought by the first   act,
but not iu its value, for equi-
tits ure exchanged,  and  the comity  i.s paid for at its full value,
c,  therefore, forced to the con-
i   that   the    change    originates
use-value, as such, of the comity, i,-o ,  in its consumption.   Jn
to  be  able   to  extract    value
tho consumption of  a  counno-
our friend,    Moneybags,    must
i lucky as  to  find,   within    the
o oi circulation,  in tho market,
liiiimiiiity   whose  use-value  poss-
tin* peculiar  property   of  being
red of value,  whose actual con-
It urn,   therefore,   is  itself on eminent of lnbor, and, consequently,
tat ion  of  value.     The  possessor
[oney  does   find   on   the  market
u  special   commodity   in  capa-
|tui- labor,  or labor-power.
Inhor-power,   or    capacity    for
is to be understood the aggre-
iuf those mental and physical
iilities existing in a human be-
tvhich he exercises whenever he
ices n use value af any descrip-
in   order   that   our   owner   of
may  be   able  to  find  labor-
for sale as a commodity, vo-
(diitlitions must  first  lie  i'uUill-
|Jhc exchange of commodities of
implies    no  other  relations  of
Idence   than those which  result
its own  nature.     On  this   as-
tiun labor-power con appear upmarket os o commodity, only
td so  far os,   its possessor,   the
dual   whose   labor-power   it   is,
it   for  sale,   or  sells   it,   as   a
lodity.     In  order  that  he    may
le to do this,  he must  hove it
limes at his  disposul, must  be
lltrammelled owner of his copa-
labor,  i. e.,  of his person.
fill the owner of money meet  in
Ofkct, nnd deul with each other
the basis of equal rights, with
inference alone,  thut  one is buy-
the other seller:   both,   there?
fcqual   iu   the  eyes   of   the   luw.
pntinuance of this  relation  de-
that   the owner of  the  lubor-
shiiuld  sell  it only  for a deli-
fjcriod, for   if he   were   to sell   it
und   stump,   once   for   all,    he
be selling himself,  converting
ill from a free mun into a slave,
Inn  owner of a commodity  into
lumodlty.     He  must  constantly
" upon  his   labor-power   as   his
■property,  his   own commodity,
this he ran  only  do  by  placing
the disposal  of the buyer tem-
ily,   for  n  definite   period    of
Hy   this   means  alone  can   he
renouncing his rights of   own-
i over it.
second essential condition to
pwtier of money finding labor
Br In the market as a commodi-
this—thnt the laborers instead
|inK in the position to sell coin-
ties in which his labor is incor-
>d, must be obliged to offer for
Bis a commodity thot very lubor-
which exists only in his liv
irder that a man may be able
UI commodities other than labor-
It', he must, of course,  have   the
of production,  as raw materi-
tnplements,  etc.    No  boots   can
ode   without    leather.     He   re-
also the means of subsistence.
|d\~not even "a musician of the
—can   live  upon    future    proof upon  use-values in nn   tin-
led  state ;    and    ever  since  the
'•'it    of    his    appearunce  on  the
Il's stage, man always hns been,
must still be a consumer, both
und while he is producing, in
Hety where all products assume
Joriii of commodities, these comities must be sold after they
been produced; it is only ofter
Niile that they can serve in sut-
Ig the requirements of their pro-
The time necessary for their
lis superadded to that necessary
'''eir  production.
the   conversion   of his  money
icapital,   therefore,  the owner of
'  must meet in tho market with
ree  laborer,   free  in   the   double
'hat as a free man he can dis-
of his  labor-power as his own
Oodlty,   and   that   on   the   otner
he has no other commodity for
is short of everything necessary
Ihe realization of his labor-pow-
question why this free laborer
fonts him in the market, has no
lest for the owner of money, who
pis the labor market as a branch
general market for commodi-
And  for  the present  it  interns just  as  little.     We cling   to
■"•ct   theoretically,    as   he  does
("•ally.     One  thing,  however,   is
—nature does not  produce on the
side owners  of money  or   Conines, and on the other men pos-
f'tf nothing but  their own labor-
■*"■.    This relation has no natural
neither is its social  basis one
: is common to all historical perl-
it is clearly  the  result   of   a
historicnl development,  the pro-
I "l many economical revolulions.
"extinction of n whole'series of
forms of social  production.
•oo,  the economical categories,
discussed  byi   us,   bear   tbe
fP  '>f    history.   "Pcfinit
ciol production is
I.,.,,,,.,. ™     - ie histori-
■ "ditions are necessaary that a
'l  may  become   n  commodity.
'■■'  not be produced ns the im-
„   T.™* of H"hsistenco of   the
""•••himself.     Had we gone fur-
nquired   under   what, dr
Ptancoa nil
or even the majority
p'diicts take ihe form of
we should   have  iouud  that
mis can only   iniopeu  wiui production
ol o wry specitic hind, cupilonsi production.     £>uth  on  inquiiy,   luiwever,
would   liuvc   been   luiultu   lo   tile   uil-
ulysis   oi    commodities.      I'roiiuciion
uud circulation   01  >pmnioqlues cun
iokc place,   ulihough   Uie  great mass
Of  the  objects produced are  intended
lor tne iiiniK'uiiue   requirements   of
llleir producers,   are not   turned  into
coiumociuies,   unci    consequently   solicit yet by o loug
dominated    iu  its  length    unci
breadth by excliongc-vulue.     I'lic ap-
peurunce of products os commodities
presupposes   such   o   development    ol
ihe social division of labor,  that the.
separation   of    u&o-value    from   exchange-value, u .separation which first
begins   with   barter,    must   hove   already   been  completed.     Hut  such   a'
degree of development is common  to
niuny   forms    ol   sucicty,     which    in
other ..respects    presents    tho    most
varying historical features,    un the
Other hand, if we consider money, its
existence  implies  a  definite  stage  in
the exchange  oi   commodities.    The
particular lunction of money which it
perforins,  either os  the mere equivalent  of Commodities,  or as means of
circulation,  or ineans of payment, as
hoard    or    universal    money,   point,
according to  the extent  and  relative
preponderance of the one function or
the other,  to very dilieient sloges in
the process of sociul production. Vet
we Know  by experience thot a circulation     ol     commodities     relatively
primitive, suthc.es for the production
of all   these forms.    Otherwise    with
capital.     The historical conditions of
its existence ure  by no means given
with   the  mere  circulation   oi  money
and commodities.   It can spring into
life,   only   when   the    owner     of    the
means of production  and  subsistence
meets   in   the   market   with   the   free
laborer selling his labor-power.    And
this   one   historical    condition    comprises   a   World's    history.     Capital,
therefore,    announces   from  its ln-st
appearance  a  new  epoch  ill   the process of social production.
We must now  examine more closely   this  peculiar    commodity,    labor-
power.    Llko all  others it lias a value,    llow is that value determined?
the value of labor power is determined, us is the cose of every other
commodity,   by   the  labor-lime    necessary   for   the  production,   and  consequently    also   the   reproduction, of
this   special   article.     So   far   as   il
hus value, It  represents no more than
a  definite  quantity   of   the    average
tabor  of  society   incorporated  in it.
Labor-power exists only  us a capacity, or power Of the living individual.     Its production consequently presupposes   his   existence.      Given     the
Individual   the  production  of   labor-
power consists in his reproduction of
himself or his maintenance.    For his
maintenance    he    requires    o    given
quantity of the means of aabsistonce.
Therefore the labor-time requisite for
the production of labor,power reduces
Itself  to  tnat  necessary  for  the production   of   those    means  of   subsistence;   in   other    words,   the   value    of
labor-power is the value of the menns
of subsistence necessary for the maintenance  of   the   laborer.    Lalior-pow-
er,  however,   becomes a reality    only
by its exercise; it sels itself in action
only   by   working.      But    thereby    a
definite quantity  "'   human  muscle,
nerve,   brain,    etc.,   is    wasted,    nnd
these   require   to   be   restored.      This
increased     expenditure     demands    a
larger  income.     If  the  owner   of  labor   power   works   today,   tomorrow
he must  again  be able  to repeat the
Same  process  in   the  same  condition
as regards health and strength.    His
means  of  subsistence  must   therefore
be sufficient  to  maintain  him  in  his
normal state os a laboring individual.    His natural wants, such us food,
clothing,   fuel   and  housing,   vary  according   to   the   climatic   und    other
physical   conditions   of   his country.
On  the  other hand,   the  number  and
extent    of    his     so-called     necessary
wants,  us also  the modes of satisfying them, are themselves the product
of historical development, and depend
therefore   to   a   great  extent   on   the
degree   of  civilization   of  a   country,
more   particularly   on   the  conditions
under which, nnd consequently on the
hubits   and   degree   pi    comfort    in
which,  the class of free laborers has
been   formed.      In   contradistinction,
therefore,  to  the case of other commodities,  there enters into the determination of the value of labor-power
a    historical    und     moral    element,
nevertheless,   in  a  given  country,   at
a given period, the average quantity
of the means of subsistence necessary
for the laborer, is practically known.
The owner of labor-power is mort-
tul.     If  then  his  appearance  in    the
market  is to be continuous, and the
continuous  conversion  of  money into
capital   assumes   this,   the   seller    of
labor-power must perpetuate himself;
"in  the way  that every  living individual   perpetuates   himself,   by   procreation."      The    labor-power    with
drawn from the market by wear ond
tear nnd death,   must   be continuously replaced  by at  the very least,  an
equal   amount    of  fresh  labor-power.
Hence the sum of the means of subsistence necessary for  the production
of     labor-power    must     include    the
means  necessary    for    the     laborers'
substitutes   i. e., his children,  in order   thut   this   nice  of   peculiar  commodity   owners   may   perpetuate    its
appearance   in   the  market.
(('(included   next   week.)
j o	
Vice-President Vnnderlip. of the National City Hank, of New York, has
been studying Socialism in Europe,
and hns come to the conclusion Hint
this movement is likely to attain
great force in the United States in
the near future. The National City
Hank  is  o  Rockefeller  institution.
Funnels and Socialism.
Mr.  Editor:
•lust at present every one about
Cluresholiu is rejoicing over the prosperity which has fallen to this section of Alberta, Land which was
formerly sold at three und four dollars an acre two and three years ago
is now selling for ten unci fifteen dollars uu acre. The indications aro
that this upward tendency of prices
will not Stop short of thirty dollars,
if indeed ii does not reach fifty dollars an ucre.
All this is a sure sign that we have
a wealth-producing section of country. The civilized world needs bread;
and right here we can produce a quality and quantity, und a quality of
wheat that is hard to beat if you
search the ends of tile earth. The
amount of wealth that will be produced in this district in the future
is almost incalculable.
However, the question which interests most of us is: Who is going to
receive this wealth'.' it would seem
as though the real producers, the
funnel's, who with brain ond muscle
hove wrung this wealth from nature's
grasp, should alone possess a clear
title. Hut will they get it? No!
Not if history takes the same course
here as in other parts of the civilized  (?)  world. ,
First the land speculator, who has
become a landlord, must have his
share of the Spoils. Then the bankers, who kindly make loans (at so
much per annum) must have his
share. Then the poor widows and
orphans who own stock in the Canadian Pacific Railway must be taken
care of by paying them a handsome
prolit (above the actual cost), for
carrying our golden grain. Alter
this bandit trio—the land speculator,
the banker and the railroad king-
have plucked the farmer, there re-
uiuins but poor pickings for the small
business man, so that he will soon ,
be little better oil than the former
interest   and   profit   are    the
cancers that  are eating at the
vitals  of  the  farmer  (as  well  as  the
city wage workers).
'these cancers must be cut out before the patient can hope to preserve
his life. But can it be done'.' I claim
that there is only one way to do it
and that is to have common or public ownership of railroads warehouses, Hour mills, lumber mills,
coal mines, all land not actually used
by the owners, wholesale and retail
stores, jn short nil means of producing and distributing wealth.
But say you—this is Socialism !
Well, what of it'.' "A rose by any
oilier   name   would   smell   as   sweet."
I furl her claim that the only people who can de depended upon to
bring about this change nre the farmers .mil wnge workers, as they are
the ones who nre suffering most under the presenl "dog eat dog'' system of capitalism.
They iniisi I indeed thoy huve already) organize themselves into a
political party, distinct from, and
opposed to. all oilier parties whether Liberal or Conservative, and
by ballot gain control of government
for the purpose of establishing the
co-operative commonwealth or Socialist  nation.
Fellow farmers, nre vou with U" in
this program? If so, lot .iu hour
from you.—C. V. lzowrie in Clares-
holm Review,
Blessed be ye  poor,"   (Luke   vi.20).
Though  the clerical   fraternity   must
of necessity accept   this  sentence    as
truth,   they  show   an   anxious   desire
to   escape   the    blessings   of   poverty
and an exceedingly  great   willingness
to accept the curse of wealth and its
attendant   difficulty  of entering    the
kingdom   of  heaven.    'Whatever   they
may  do  themselves,   these hypocrites
are bent on keeping the working class
poor and in "thnt. state of life into
which   it   hns   pleased    Ood    to   call
them."    Anyone desirous of abolishing   poverty   :s  desirous   of   bringing
a curse  on    mankind    and    must   be
treated    accordingly.      This     is     no
doubt,  the reason  why Dr.  Campbell,
of  the   First.   Presbyterian    Church,
Victoria, B.  C, in a recent sermon,
referred   to   J,   II.   Hawthornthwaite
as one "who poses as a legislator in
the parliament of British Columbia."
This charitable  Christian  doctor   of
divinity  went  on  lo  say:  "Alas!   for
his   self-conceit   and ignorance which
he exposed  when he declared  that he
had no use for ministers of the gospel."     Certainly    this    is  o   heinous
crime.     We fear  it  i.s committed    by
many more than the member for Nanaimo.    When we look nround us nnd
see the frantic efforts each and everyone  makes  to  escape  from  poverty ;
when we see the misery, vice and  degradation   that   accompany  it  everywhere,   when  we  see  tho  only  movement to abolish poverty opposed and
its   representatives   traduced   by    the
"ministers  of  the  gospel";   when   we
hear  these  same sleek,   well-fed  "ministers  of  the gospel"  unctiously  referring   to   the  blessings  of   poverty,
it is perfectly  natural   to have no use
for them, and the member for Nanaimo  would  not  be  the good  Socialist
heis had he any use for them.     Thi
church  is  kept   ulive  to  preach    iust
such doctrines as quoted above,  and
the   Campbell   viper,   in   villifying    a
Socialist,   is  merely earning the  salary  which   keeps  him  lrom  the  blessings  of  poverty.
A pitiful tale appeared in the Telegram of Tuesday last illustrating
what a vast measure of prosperity is
being experienced in this city by- the
working class. A laborer of about
25   years   of   age   was   more   or   less
crippled through huving his feet frozen last winter, and in consequence
wus entirely unable to obtain work.
The unfortunate man wus about, to
drown himself iu his despondency,
when he was stopped by a policeman.
He was sentenced to the provincial
jail for six months that he might recuperate his strength, but so deep
was the despondency engendered b.v
his circumstances that he managed
to take his life in jail. Such are the
blessings  of poverty.
Able-bodied men nre walking the
Streets of Winnipeg by the score, unable to obtain a job; among these
the poor cripple had no chance. lt
is these conditions that the cnureh
helps to perpetuate. The church
must go—Spurt icus in the Winnipeg
Voice. /
 o —
An exchange asks: Ts tne United
States becoming a nation of Unemployed workers?" No. But it, like
all other countries is fast becoming
a   nation   largely   composed   of  iinem-
-   Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them W*iy.
3. 3 and 7 STORE STKfiF.T
TelnphOfls 296 VICTORIA, B. C.
and Poultry Food to obtain
best  results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
^^^^^^^^ strike at the ballot
box on Kleriicn day, and be sure
to  strike   the
box  on   I'll
to strike J 	
Rock  Bay Hotel
When  in  Victoria.
ARNASON BROS., Proprietor!
Victoria General Agent for The
SfcAlTLH. Tlilt.S
8AN r'RAJ.CISOO (.'liKoNICI.lt
P. 0. Box 444
Colonial Bakery
'20  Johnson  .St.,   Victoria. B.C.
Pelivered  to any  part ot the city.
Driver   to   call,      l'hons  819.
Patronize  Clarion Advertisers.
.r> yearly sub. curds for $8.75.
liundlus of 25  or more copiea   to
one address at  the rate of one cent
t MiMfMlirir (I
Ne. S Ceilrt St.
71 Govemmiit Strut, Victoria, 8. C.
During the trial trip of the new
turbine passenger steamer Manxman,
that lias been constructed for the
Ilc.vsliaiii and Isle of Man service of
the Midland Railroad of Great Britain, the hisrhest, speed that has ever
been recorded b.v a turbine vessel
constructed for mercantile purposes
was attained. The Manxman is propelled by three Parsons turbines, and
in those trials upon tho river Clyde
the vessel attained a speed of 2S
Unots per hour. Hitherto steam
iiressuie for turbines has never exceeded 150 pounds per square inch,
but on this vessel a steam pressure
of 200 pounds per square inch was
provided und this improvement has
resulted not only in the development
of higher speed but in more economic  working.—The  Sun.
ployed bums and loafers, rhe minority of whom reach that delectable
stage because of their ownership, and
the majority because of their non-
ownership of the means of wealth
production. The term "unemployed
workers"  doesn't   seem  to fit.
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
iii conventi in a sembled, affirm ou'
llegiance to and support of the principles and prog.am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should 'u^tly belong.. To the
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
owners of the means of wealth pro- i for the purpose of setting up and en-
Tho lnbor unions of Omaha nave
decided by almost unanimous vote to
use their political power to gain their
ends. As there is no oilier power
they enn use. this does not seem re-
duction belongs the product of labor
The present ecuiiemic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits," and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
stl°uggle fm* possession of the power
forcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, (t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
si possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands In such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
Germany possesses a minature but
viost useful railway, to which v
parallel is found in this country. Its
peculiarity is ihat its trains hove no
drivers. It is used for currying salt
from the suit mines at Stiassfurt.
The trains consist of thirty trucks,
each carrying half a ton of salt.
The engines are electric, of twenty-
four horse power each, Aa it approaches a station, of which there
nre live alorua the line, the train
automatically rings a bell and the
station attendant turns a switch to
receive it. lie is able to stop it at
an,* moment. To start it atfain he
stands on the locomotive, switches
the current and then descends again
be'ore the engine has gained speed.
—Railroad  men.
Needed In Every Home
A Dictionary of ENGLISH.
Biography, Gaography, Fiction, aic
New Plates Throughout
25,000  New Words
Phraaoa  and Daflaltlana
Prepared under the direct super-
visfon of W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., IX.D.,
United Slates Commissioner of Education, assisted by a large corps of competent socialists and cditoK.   *
Rich Bindings  2364 Quarto Pagaa
9000 Illustrations
HP* 77ts International teas first issued
in 1890, succeeding the "Unabridged."
The New and Enlarged Edition of the
International was issued in October.
1900. Get tlie latest and best.
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ivlih Glossary of Scottish Wordsand I'Ihiisch
lIMPtgw.   1100 Illwtntlrai.   8bs7xl0ilMliii<l,.«.
"I'lrst-class In quality, second-class In size."
Specimen pages, eto. of both
books sent on application.
Springfield, Mass.
As it Is reported on May 16, the
Chicago employers operated 2,000
wagons with but little interference
it would appear that the back-bone
of the teamsters' strike is broken,
and niiotb.fr defeat added to the long
,ist already scored by stubborn, uninformed and ill-advised organized
workingmen. Like former ones this
experience will prove a costly one,
far too costly for the comfort of
those who took part in it, but whatever the cost, it will indeed be cheap
if the participants shall heve learned
the utter futility of such mad struggles against the unfavorable conditions of the lnbor market.
Sam Gompers, the high priest of
collective bargaining, has gone to
Chicago to settle the teamsters'
strike. He will fetch the unruly employers to time in short order. At.
bargaining Sam is alleged to be oil
right, though the details of his bargains are not generally known.
The master printers at their meeting in Kansas City recently decided
to inaugurate the open shop on January 1, 1906. Similar action is being token - b.v employers in other,
lines, it looks as though the "strenuous life" for the unions had not, yet
really begun, lt will be lively later
ft   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class lo be a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political tarty, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Occupation .'  	
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Local '. 19.
 Chairman         Rec.-Sec
Newspaper Publishing
WF. ARE MAKING a specialty
of newspaper publishing,
and nre prepared to give
estimates on printing all kinds of
weekly or monthly publications. If
•011 are thinking of publishing any
kind of pamphlet or other matter necessitating a large amount of typesetting,  come to  us as we are par-
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 836
ticularly equipped for just sucn work.
Also anything In the way of office
stationery, business cards and advertising matter handled with neatness and despatch.
Mall orders for Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed to tho letter nnd sent return
mail. Prices the same as for work
done in this city. Try us with an
liS THE WESTEfclS Wsmfflt. V&»OOTOBE, B. 0.
"■ ^ay 20
Socialist Party of Canada
J. G. MORGAN, Secretary. Vancouver, B. 0.
Vancouver, P. (J., May 16, 1905,
(Room 10, Masonic Block).—Present:
Comrades I^eah (chairman). Burns,
Peters, Wilkinson, Organizer Kings-
ley and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting were
read and adopted.
Tho following correspondence was
dealt with'
From Edmonton, Alberto, enclosing application for charter with 20
names and $7 for supplies.
The application was granted and
the secretary instructed to send the
necessary supplies.
From Fredericton, N. B., Local,
enclosing $1.80 for due stamps and
monthly report. Received and complied with.
From Toronto, Ont., Local notifying change of secretary. Received
and filed.
From Winnipeg, Man., Local, enclosing monthly report. Received
and filed.
A bill was received from Messrs.
Kingsley & English on account of
printing amounting    to  $''1.25.
A warrant for $10.00 was ordered
drawn on account.
Cnsh on hand       4 70
Edmonton,     Alberto,    charter
fee and stamps  $ 7 00
Fredericton,   N.B., due stamps    1  HO
Winnipeg, Man., due stumps...    1 00
Total   *14 50
Paid Kingsley & English  ... $10 00
The comrades in Edmonton have
been granted a charter as locol Edmonton, i\'o. 1, of the province of
Alberto. Thoy start with a membership of 20 and are settling down
to work in on enthusiastic but business-like manner. This is the first
attempt ut organization in tbot city.
1 hope no one will misunderstand me
if 1 express the hope that it, will
also be the last.
Locale Toronto, Winnipeg ond Fred-
erickton report progress.
1 am this-week able to give a financial statement concerning Comrade
C. M. O'Brien's tour in the upper
country. The statement covers the
period from 8th March to Itith April,
Victoria Local reports steady progress, well.at tended meetings and uu
increase in membership. Their Mayday banquet was a great success.
: B-CProviaciaJ Executive:
a       —■•-.-■---■  ■   a
a    .Socialist Party of Canada.        *
.$ 4 50
* »Expenditures.
Transportation   $ 26 10
Hotel and other expenses,
rent of halls and advertising  ' 61 50
On account of wages  ' 50 20
—$143 80
Local Vancouver, No. 1   ...
...$  15 00
Local Vananda,  No.  22  ...
...     12  50
Local Nanaimo, No. '1 ...
...    10 00
Local Ladysmith,  No.   10
5 00
A. R.  Stebbings 	
...    10 00
Kimrsley & English  	
...    .28 00
H. Elliot 	
1 00
R. P. Pettipiece 	
1 15
Geo.  Holbrook 	
Comrade Peterson, Nelson
2 00
A comrade,   Enderby 	
1 00
Local Revelstoke,  No.  7  ..
5 00
Collection At Rosslnnd ...
4 05
" Trail   	
5 10
"          " Nelson 	
4 10
•'  Ymir  	
4 55
...$109 45
Vancouver, B. ('., May 16, 1905,
(Room 10, Masonic Block).—Present:
Comrades Peters (chairman), Wilkinson, l,eah, Burns, Organizer Kings-
ley ond the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting were
read  and  adopted.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From C. M. O'Brien reporting good
meetings at Winnipeg and Port Arthur.    Received  and  acknowledged.
From Victoria Local enclosing $5
for due stamps and monthly report.
Received und tiled.
I'rom Victoria Local requesting
supplies on account of 00 cents deficit on Irene Smith's lecture. Received and complied with.
Letters from Nanaimo, Vancouver,
Victoria nnd Revelstoke re the proposed directory of locals in the Western Clarion, were laid over to the
order of new  business.
Concerning the organizing tour of
Comrade O'Brien it was resolved
that a statement of receipts and expenditures  be  published. »
The secretary was instructed to arrange with the proprietors of the
Clarion for the publication
mimes and addresses of the
local secretaries.
Victoria   Local,   elite   stamps
are held every Sunday Evening at 8 o'clock
of   the
The information that reaches us by
way of .papers from the interior, of
the province regarding the operations
of the Granby company which operates mines at Phoenix and smelters
at Grand Forks, is particdlarly interesting, lt should be remembered
that the proposed eight-hour smelter
bill introduced into the Provincial
House by Comrade J. II. Hawthornthwaite, at the recent session threw
the smelter owners ond their henchmen into a perfect cold sweat of
fright .at the prospective ruin ol'sjllie.
smelter industry had the 'bill gone
through. As the bill was defeated,
the impending ruin was avoided und
now comes the still more cheering
news that the Granby company has
inaugurated improvements to their
smelter plants that will enable them
to save the neat little sum of $80,-
000 per year. This should prove
very comforting to their employees
"who are forced to work 12 hours per
day in the deadly smelter flumes for
an insignificant pittance in the shape
of wages, lt is unnecessary to remark that none of this $80,000 will
accrue to the workers either in the
smelter or at the mines. It will go
where it ought to go aud that is
into the pockets of tbe owners of the
means of production.
Every improvement introduced into
capitalist industry on'y tends to accentuate the poverty and misery of
the only useful portion of human society, the working class. A saving
of $80,000 or any other sum resulting from the introduction of improved methods, only means that a crreat-
er result is accomplished with the
same expenditure of human labor, or
the same result, with less, which is
equivalent, to the same thing. Whichever way the matter' may be viewed
the result is the same and thot result is a more completely congested
labor market, which In turn means
a more pronounced downward trend
of wages, AH that the smelter work-,
ers will get out of the Grunby com-
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in snd see our splendid assortment
if   reading   matter.   Try    our     book
.exchange.   Return two old books and
lec-'.Mve one new one.
*.     E. GALLOWAY
tl and 14 Arcade. N    326 Abbott Street
Mail orders promptly attended to
pony's improvements, therefore, will
be still more dismal prospects for the
As the Granby company will now
be less liable to be ruined by an
eight-hour low, it stands Hawthornthwaite and Williams in hand to
again press the matter at the next
session of the House. That $80,000
may thus come in handy to take the
curse oil of such a bill at least as
for ''as the Granby company is concerned. The following interesting
account of the company's improvements- we clip from the Phoenix
Pioneer. The charging apparatus described 's the invention of the company's superintendent, Mr. Hughes:
"The six furnaces are divided into
groups of two, each group being served by one of the electric motors in
charging, each motor being 20 h.p.
Koch motor operotes two especially
built steel cars, each car holding
about two tons of ore and coke, thus
making a charge or four tons ot one
time. These trains are run all over
the yards, where needed, ond loaded
with right proportions of ore and
coke with the greatest facility, and
quickly returned to the furnaces.
When the train reaches the furnace,
instead of running over the veritable
inferno on the wheels carrying the
cars in the yard, a set of wheels at
the top of ench car runs on roils set
just high enough in the furnaces to
catch them, thus keeping the steel
ruils thot much farther from the
"The entire plan is simplicity itself,
works admirably, ond without a
hitch, and one wonders why it had
not been thought of before, as it does
away entirely with tho charging by
hand with the 'Buggies' that are in
use in most, smelters. Not only this,
but tho men who now work at the
furnaces have much more desirable
work  than before.
"While the installation of the electrical chargers has been going on at
the Granby Smelter, other improvements have also been steadily under
way, which sonic time in July will
result in these' reduction works having etglH furnaces and a total treatment capacity of from 2,500 to §,-
80O tons daily—or to gel it down to
pounds of copper, from 22,000,000 to
25.000,000 pounds per, annum. This
will be an increase of about i!5 per
cent,   over  the  present out tint.
"These new Allis-Chalmers blast
furnaces which ■ are now on the
ground, nre the largest brought into
the Boundary, being 18 inches wide
by 212 inches long at the tuyeres,
against -llxlt'O inches In the other
six furnaces now in use. This means,
ns stated, an increase of nearly 35
per cent, in capacity, Another feature is that the furnace building has
not been enlarged, the new furnaces
tnkingthe room occupied by the now
disused charging apparatus.
"Of course, other enlargements
were necessary at the smeiter. A
second brick smokestack is being
built, the same height as the old one
Headquarters:  313 Cambie Street* Room 1
—150 feet—only this new stock will
be circular, with a diameter of 18
feet inside, nnd will require about
450,000 bricks. The additional flue
dust chamber, about 500 feet In'
length, will require nearly as many
more bricks—all of which ore being
manufactured In Grand Forks, and
the first of which nre being delivered
this week ot tho smelter. Prank
Coryell has this contract, and the
foundations for the stack ore completed.
:'I'"or the converting room a new
Allis-Chalmers blowing engine is being put in, being oin-half larger than
the old one, the comparative size being as 4,000 cubic feet per minute
ore to 6,000 cubic feet. Besides this
additional converter shells ore provided, and the old storage reverbera-
tory furnace, for molten matte, is
done away with.
"In the blower room there,are now
seven 100 h.p. blowers, one for each
furnace and one in reserve. A new
Connellsville blower is being installed, being a 300 h.p. machine, ond
operoted by two 150 h.p. electric
motors. No larger blower has ever
been made for any smelter on the
American continent.
"A recent improvement is the tok.
ing away of all slog hot as it. comes
from the furnaces. Several of the
furnaces have been treated in this
way for some time, but the slotf from
two furnaces was granulated till
lately with water. All of it will b*
token away hot inthe future. Mr.
Hodges states that he has room
enough to dump the slag from eight
furnaces for ten or twelve years longer.
"Altogether thp improvements now
being made at the Granby smelter,
will cost from $150,000 to $175,000
when completed, and 20 freight cars
were required to bring in the machinery and ports from the eust, nearly
all of which have arrived. This
freight was equally divided between
the C.P.K. and Great Northern. By
arrangement between the railway
companies, a C.P.U. engine now d"es
all the switching at the smelter,
placing the cars of either road wherever  they  are  wanted."
"When the Fox preaches, hide your
From a friend who has recently
mode a trip us far east as Butte,
Billings and Helena, we learn that
jobless workingmen are everywhere in
evidence, some going one way and
some another in quest of employment. Needless to soy they ore hustled about from pillar to post by the
authorities of the various towns
along the route of their travels. All
of this, of course, seems quite incredible in these times of pros|>ority, but
the fact stures us in the face that
times were never harder for the wage
earners than now. Whatever prosperity is in evidence is not for them,
ond their condition must inevitably
go from bad to worse, so long us
the  wage system  relniiios.
 1 o	
The Auditor-General's report for
1903-4 discloses the fact that the
nonunion government got printing
and lithographing to the amount of
$(50,000 done in the city of Chicago
during those years. This has caused
the employing printers, book-binders
and lithographers of Winnipeg to set
up a most lugubrious howl. Of
course thu chief cause of their grief
is that had the work been done on
this side of the line it would have
furnished employment to a considerable number of Canadian workmen.
These disinterested business men ore
always so greatly concerned about
the poor workingman, that they never hove time to think of their own
interests. It's awful kind of them,
"No restriction as to the use of
tools, machinery or materials, except
such as are unsafe." — Boston Employers'   Association.   ,
The restrictions that capital puts
upon the use of these things i.s responsible for the army of unemployed
working people in the land, ond the
ever-deepening poverty and misery
of those who ore still fortunate
enough to hold a job. An aroused
working class cun alone remove these
restrictions. It is the workers alone
who ore competent to judge as to the
safety or otherwise, of the tools,
machinery, etc., they needs must use
to provide their livlihood, all of
which implies the necessity of ousting the present ruling cluss from its
control of the means of wealth production.    Gut with the usurpers.
S T11E N FIT "
Corner Granville and
Pender Streets
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
Mark. Twain in commenting on a
certain will case said:
I suppose the two opposing parties
got justice, but it strikes me that
the justice they got is a good deol
like the kind they mete out in Constantinople.
Here is a specimen of Constantinople justice. ">
A Kurd found a cheap, wooden tobacco box, and an Armenian claimed
that it was his. The Kurd refused
to give up the box, ond* so the Armenian called upon a policeman for
help.  .
The policeman said to the Kurd'
"Is this box yours?"
"Yes it is mine, Your Honor," the
Kurd answered. "I have carried it
for two years."
"If it is yours," sold the policeman, "you know, of course, what
its contents are. What are its contents?"
The Kurd hesitated a little; then
he said sullenly:
"There are tobacco aiid cigarette
papers in the box."
"The policeman turned to the Armenian.
"You claim you own the box do
you?" he asked.
"1 certainly do," said the Armenian. "1 dropped it only ten
minutes ago. I heard it fall, and
turned to pick it up when this rascal grabbed it and ran.    Hi
all  this is true,  tell me what is in
the box?"
"There is fifty cents in it," the Armenian answered.
The policeman opened the box and
found, sure enough, coin to the 'amount of fifty cents exactly.
"The Armenian," he said, "is in
the right. The box is his, and he
shall  have it."
Here ne gave t&o Armenian the box.
"The Kurd," he went on, "is a
liar. Let us smite him over the
And he smote the Kurd over the
head with a club.
"Allah be praised," he concluded.
"For my   trouble
complicated  affair I
fifty cents."
shall  keep   tho
A travelling agent for a large
wholesale grocery house was selling
a bill of goods to one of his customers, a grocer in a little village.
"Now," he said, "to wind up with,
don't you want a few cans of our
maple syrup? You'll find it the best
you have ever kept in stock."
"No," said the grocer, "I've got
plenty of maple syrup."
"When did you get it? 1 don't remember selling you any when I was
here on my lost, trip."
"You didn't. I got this in tho
"Is it the real stuff?"
:'Thnt's what it Is. My brother
made it in his own camp. He's got
five hundred trees."
"I'd like to taste it."
A sample of the country maple
syrup was brought out. He tasted
it. and took the grocer to one side.
- "Say," he said in a low tone,
"T'm not going bock on the strictly
pure goods I sell, of course, but I
want a gallon of this stuff for
own use."
Oh, shades of Boston Culture,
That are thronging down the aisles
Of the Temple of the famous
In all literary styles,
Will you pause in contemplation
Of the way you did it then,
As Thomas W. Lawson
Flings his frenzied finance pen?
Do you mind how Hawthorn did it,
with a magic in his way
That was clear as morning sunshine
And as clean as new-mown hay?
Do you think that Nat could equal,
If he had the chance again,
This Thomas W.  Lawson
As he flings his frenzied pes?
And there was great Longfellow
Who could make a stanza sing
In a dozen different measures,
With a runic rythmic ring;
Oli Shades, pray tell, could Henry,
if he had the chance again,
Pull the Muse's leg as Lawson
Pulls his frenzied finance pen?
What of Emerson, the preacher,
Who has builded on his thought
Some specimens of language
Only genius could have wrought?
Could Waldo work his wonders,
If he had the chance again,
As Lawson works his readers
With his frenzied finance pan?
And lordly Russell Lowell,
Who, in prose as well as rhyme,
Found a literary glory
That shall crown him for all time;
Oh, Shades, would Jim be able,
lf he had tho chance again,
To hit the pace with Lawson
When he flings his frenzied pen?
And Holmes, the genial Doctor,
The distinguished Autocrat,
Philosopher and Poet,
And some other things like that;
Do you think that Doc. would tackle.
lf he had the chance again.
The stunts of Mister Lawson
With his frenzied finance pen?
There are others—for your Boston
Is a wonder from the start
In her brain pans and her bean pot*
And her literary art;
But,vShades  of  Culture,  listen:
In Fame's eternal hunch.
Will Lawsan's name be leading
Boston's   literary  bunch?
William F. Lampton. in Life.
■n —
11 Burns & Co.
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock 1
ook Stoves in the Citv      "
Boom Chains,   Augeis, r.
gors' Jacks, Etc. 8
We have moved into our n„,
and  commodious  premises
138 Cordova St., East
'Hum 1579       Vancouver, b. c,
A new railway track layer, „iti
crew of forty men, will lu\ twos]
of track a day, according to the i
dianapolls News. 'The trsxk i,.
has a huge cri.ne sixty feet i,
which projects forward over ihe
an-l hauls behind it a train uf j
teen flatcars loaded with t|,.s
rails. A continuous double lit»
cars moves constantly oyer
and curries the tie with it
rails and ties are Mined ut thi. ■
per time by the machinery ,,n,| ^
ed on the road in front, of theM
where they shortly form pari 0(|
track over which it passes.
device is said to be the most en
tious as well us economical %
layer in the world.
The woman who hesitates is won.
Man wonts but little here below,
ond keeps on wanting.
Fools make feasts for wlso men to
said the policeman. "If eat and get the gout.
In the reproof of chance lies the I
true proof of a good buffer. *
My party, may she always be
right; but, right or wrong, my party.
The evil men do lives after them;
the good is oft interred in their
Some men are born great, some
achieve greatness, and some become
When poverty comes in nt. the door
love goes home to papo ami brings
hubby with her.
Home-keeping    youth     hath    ever
homely wits—which may explain why
Weary  Willies   say   so  many  witty
in deciding   this things in comic papers.
After being without a girl for one
week, the mistress of a Harlem
apartment was showing an applicant
through the flat. She had been liberal in her promises of privileges in
the way of afternoons off. She had
even gone so far as to extend tbe
hour of the girl's return on these
nights and to agree to her using the
sewing machine after her work was
The new girl was much pleased and
the mistress was beginning to hope.
They walked bock into the dining-
room and the gii-I had actually removed one hat-pin from her hat.
Then her smile faded.
"Do you do your own stretchin'?"
she demanded.
"Do we do our what?" asked the
puzzled mistress.
"Stretchin*," repeated the -new
"I don't understand."
"Stretchin'," repeated the girl
again. "Do you put the stuff on the
table at meal time and stretch for
it, or do I have to shuffle it
The rate at. which the Socialist
movement is growing furnishes a happy augury for the early advent of the
time when the Rockefellers and such
will no longer be afflicted with "tainted money." The very thought of
this should prove a consolation to
John D.  in nis declining years.
Efet in on a Bood Thing
Buy a $1 Ticket
Which  Entitles  You  to One   Chance
in ISO on n $150 Lot in Vancouver.
TickiU t« be had at Hui"q.arttri tvi.
Rings ar at 138 Car-lava St., tail.
Orawing on May 24th
Kansas legislation against
Standard Oil Company doei i
seem to have disturbed thai cos
to any considerable extent. &
tracts have just been let fur i
building of 150 more 35,000-bs]
oil tanks, and the Company'
line between Kansas city and I
ing, Indiana, is to be doubled in
A Son Francisco Chemist has i
covered that every sample ot i
used in thnt city hod been col
with dyes of the most poiaqj
character. This turning of paj
into wine makes the Saviours
of turning wuter into wine, looki
thirty cents. Oreat is the magiej
power of modern business.
The teamsters of Chicago havaj
indicted by the federal grand jury
violating '"police morols" and"!
morals." To those who know
"police morals" and "trail.- mat
ore, this lapse of the testsj
would indicate n degree of dcpnl
Negligee Shir
Nat Taa Early ta Look
Exclusive patterns are nun-
some of the choice ones will be i
early, and some of the designs!
cannot duplicate. If you aprmrsl
unusual styles it will in tarsal ;w|
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tho Saurtoit Soft Hat al tot Stml
These Hats have been enthusisf
cally    received by young men 1^
the very first day we brought f
out.     Neither   trouble  nor   en
has been saved in the produitiaj
these  goods,   as  you   will cheat
acknowledge  upon  examination.
111 Csratva Stretl
Cash Grocery Stor
We also carry a full line of i
ture,  on easy  payments,   at pr*
that cannot  be  duplicated.   Kid
inspect our stock.
Car WaitaHastar Ave aad Harris Sti
Workingmen Are Always Weleoaul
New Fountain Hotel |
C. SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Heals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and up.
2tt-3l Cordova St.    Vancouver, *\
Adam and Eve
Cooked  with a wood Are.
No wonder there wai trouble
in that Family
The way to have peace «'['
fort and cleanliness in the Ii"™1 I
is  to do  away   with  tha diw
gery rind   dirt   of cook iim *»'   I
wood or com, ny usiuK "
Gas Stove
We  have  (hem   in    up-lo
patterns, cheap and elBc'enM
nre always glnd '/to show U>
Oive us a call.
VANCOUVER GAS Co, Ltd. ^gmTst*'
"- ■■ ■ — — ■>-» as ■ m m i


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