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The Western Clarion Nov 24, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, November 24, 1906
Uter Some Months in Apparent Oblivion Spartacus Resurrects Himself for the Purpose of Making a few Observations Regarding the foibles of Others.
I'mler  the  above caption,    E.  11.
punas writes in "Thc Vanguard" an
ite'e in defence of thc Opportunist
i  ,n.     He < lainua that the change
,in Capitalism    to Socialism   must
,   place only   through    evolution,
through a slow    constructive    pro-
He goes on to say:
And  since  this evolutionary  pro-
,-., niii*t he slow, wc want to begin
n ii right away.    We do not wish
■   with folded hands  waiting for
l|,   revi Union  to  come,  nor    to  go
lb nt preaching a great catastrophe
in ihe iuture, as Noah preached   the
.UK of thc flood.    Thc ConstrttC-
l   , Socialists want to begin, and are
rginning now, to 'do things.'
I (or two reasons the best place
with  is  municipal    owncr-
r  >'
-The first reason for this is that wc
L party are strongest in the cities
I will capture many city govern-
l,-t- before wc carry a single
I he other reason is that  in  city
.  rmiK-iits wc can face and  solve
ir   problems   on  a  small  scale,  bc-
,  We approach the gigantic task ol
i,l, tsli-ng a Socialist Republic. * * *
I1,   cities   must    be   our     training
,,*- for bigger things."
uf ihis educational work  is  not
,,n!y or chief value of municipali
MH-rship.     • * * * *     If municipal1
gives us a cheaper light, is that
.tiling  to the    wage-workers    that
• do iiieir studying at niguts and
Htm their ryes with poor kerosene?
municipal street cars reduce fares
I      -pread ont the  working district
Urge area, is not thc gain of
I -itnshine something?   * * * *
,   Constructive  Socialists propose
i    rcver they can to get hold of the
|      a  vi niment and establish munici-
ownership just as far and as fast
they  can.     They  propose  to  do
,. with thc graft which is poison-*
nr cities and threatening rcpre-
: itive government.  They promise,
never they have    thc power,   tc
better conditions to labor  When
t-ted to the >tatc legislatures they
introduce   favorable   legislation,
lien elected  to congress they  will
■ ite   for   the   taking  over   of   the
And some- more to the same
with a fling at thnjp wh-- do
I helieve that  municipal ownership
,   -.lsinirr-ivc" Socialism.
**s • •        * • ♦
t is <|iiitc possible that Mr. Thom-
corrcct in saying that the attain-
nt of the Socialist Republic will be
rw process, but he is decidedly
g when he claims for municipal
rshin   "better conditions  for  la-
Many cities in the old country
•   municipal gas, water and street
-. yet in none of these cities have
■  shims been abolished; in none of
fhese cities has thc worker been more
i'i of his job than hc was before the
vi "duction of the curative-ointment
municipal ownership.     Thc movc-
nent   for   mun cipal   ownership    has
:   been  thc  effort    of the middle
ss to lengthen their threatened ride
f'» the back of thc worker.     Munici-
il ownership has solved    no prob-
ms of the working class.     In sonic
*< * it has conferred shorter hours
ul   i slightly increased wage tc thc
• 'i* oj municipally owned (ran*
ises, but cv,cn here all is not joy.
r we have read of municipal    cni-
iiyces striking for improved condi-
n- and of the strike being broken
In the same old way known to capi-
;;*<*. the  world over,  whether    as
ivate corporations or as their municipal executives.     A section of thc
italist    press    advocates    govcrn-
iil   ownership   of    railways     for,
tmong other reasons, thc reason that
'■ kei can be utterly    abolished    on
**ch  roads by making it a  penal  or
1 military offence    for    government
mplnyeei to quit work,    instancing
Holland and Italy as examples Of how
he plan works.     Kvcn the fringe of
lie workers' problem    remains    un-
■uched by municipal ownership tin-
l'x capitalism.     If  light,    etc.,  bc-
■"rnc cheaper through municipal own-
■rship, thc cost of living falls by the
imount of thc saving and wages fall
!1 direct ratio owing to title competi-
I1 "ii of thc unemployed for jobs. Rc-
I'-'Hcil fares on street cars do not ap-
|I"'ir to have thc effect of Spreading
["nt the working district over a larger
I1' |      London,  England, had cheap
fares long before  municipal  owner-
n.*ip reared its head among thc mil-
IJ"iis that irehabit that wilderness of
[brick and mortar.      Slums    in the
I'ni-iropolis of the world arc abolished
nly by thc drastic meana of pulling
I'li'm down to make way for stately
[streets sacred to commerce, driving
rhe inhabitants into other quarters al-
['' "ly overcrowded, thus putting increased rent into thc pockets of thc
I'Mlcut landlords who enjoy the "air
■ and sunshine in thc west eml or elsc-
I where.
To endeavor to do away with graft
i doubtless praiseworthy, but    it is
j [jot the workers' money that is stolen
(hv city officials and others in  high
places.    The worker is robbed in the
■•hop where hc is forced  to sell his
labor power at a subsistence price ir-
■"espective of thc fact that he created
many more- times the value that he
receives. He has nothing for thc
grafters to steal. Whom docs representative government represent? Not
the working class, but the capitalist
class, which class is well able to look
after its own interests without thc
gratuitous aid of the "Constructive
Socialist." Thc worker will not be
represented until hc learns that his
interest does not lie along municipal
Ownership lines, but along thc lines
of the total abolition of the wage system whereby he is robbed.
What rcvoluticnary,, Socialist    will
not,  when hc has the    power, "give
better conditions to labor?"    To gain
any material benefit for the working
class it is necessary to have the power
but to get thc power Socialists must
have the majority   of    the working
class taking part in thc movement fcr
their own freedom and this thc worker will never do till he is educated to
sec   in  which   direction   his   freedom
lies.     To preach gas and water Socialism is but  to befog thc  mind  of
the worker.    Thc mission of the Revolutionary Socialist  is  tc  slow    the
futility of reform, to tha* the necessity of an organized movement to obtain tlu- powers of government in order to transfer   he mm- if wealth
production  -ill t*:s r b i ' i.i fr-m the
hands of the  idle  capitalist  class to
thc hands of those that make and operate them, thc working class.     And
the greatest ally we have is thc iron
force   of   circumstances.        Circumstances which    have    compelled    thc
concentration of capital into ever fewer  hands, drawing clearer  and more
clear the l:nc cf demarcation between
rhe working class and thc holders of
the means of life, a  line over which
it   is  practically  impossible    for the
worker to ever hope to rise, but under which thc  smaller capitalists are
continually falling, causing the seething indignation which brings forth investigations—investigations that show
the utter shamelessness and criminal
instincts of thc robber capitalists so
that  he who runs may  read.       The
continued displacement of human labor by the machine, the chronic state
of over-production in one industry or
another-, both causes of thc increasing
number of the army    of thc unemployed.    AH these things give thc intelligent worker food for thought and
thc  Revolutionary Socialist  it is that
shows hun thc way out.     And in the
meantime the  Revolutionary Socialist
is content to take any benefit for his
class that  may  bc  wrung  from    the
ruling class.
Subscription r-rtee
Pea Tea* -
"What has Socialism done?" Such
is the question which Socialists are
frequently asked with a sneer. The
following statement, which has been
made by the "American Review of
Reviews" (a magazine which no one
can accuse of Socialism), furnishes a
conclusive answer:
"A Powerful Minority.—Socialism
is today politically a minority party
in every European country, yet what
is it doing? In Austria it has brought
the proud house of Hapsburg to bend
thc knee, and compels Francis Joseph
to fight side by sde with thc Social-
Democrats to force universal suffrage
from thc Libera!*, In Italy it has
nationalized thc railroads and written more than one progressive bill in
the legislature of a new advanced Italy. In Switzerland it shapes the
national policy and rules many cities.
In Germany it has almost captured
thc empire, and is driving thc Conservatives to a desperate effort to further
limit a suffrage already unjust to the
proletariat In Prance it has elected i.JOo municipal councillors, corn-
ink 2ti national deputies to call
themselves Socialists of some srrt,
and stalks its way into cabinets and
gives  them  ministerial  portfolios.
"In Itelgium it has compelled thc
Conservatives to insure the unemployed and to enact some of the most
advanced legislation in thc world outside of Australia and New Zealand.
In these two countries it is creating,
in thc first a Co-operative Commonwealth, while in the latter it has almost done so, In Great Britain it
enters Parliament, dominates municipal policy, makes of London, in
some respects, thc greatest Socialist
city of the world, puts John Burns
into the cabinet, and makes King Edward say: 'Wc are all Socialists
now* In the United States? Senator Harma, just before his death, declared thc future to lie between Stv
Cialism and the Republican party. If
the Democratic party wins for a
while it will bc by stealing thc Socialistic thunder.
"In n wholly different line of advance Socialism is compelling capitalists to become philanthropists, and
employers to purchase a temporary
truce by initroilucing industrial betterment. The party of evolution ts
thc party of revolution, and evolutionary rcvolultion rules the world to-
day."—Labour Leader.
In Milwaukee thc Socialists elected five members of the state legislature, by unprecedented majorities.
(Labour Leader).
Sir: We—that is, my wife and I—
arc changing one of our servants, and
the girl has applied for a situation
elsewhere. As a sample of thc type
of questions which some people put,
the following list, Which wc have to
answer is, I think, worth a place in
the Labour Leader:
I. Was the girl a housemaid? 3.
Is she a willing and good worker?
Is she perfectly healthy and strong?
4- Does she thoroughly understand a
housemaid's duties? 5. Is she clean
in her person and work? 6. Is she
sober? 7. Is she honest? 8. Does
she agree with her fellow-servants,
and does she make mischief? o. Why
did she -leave, and is it true that she
only left a week ago? 10. How
long was she with you? II, Is she
thoroughly respectable? 12. Do you
know whether she has followers?
'.I- Is she an early riser? 15. Is
she truthful? 16. Is she a good silver cleaner? 17 What wages had
she with you? ig. Is she willing
to be told and shown things? 10.
Does she clean well? 20. Is she
sulky?    21.   Has she a temper?
I wonder how the mistress would
come out had her husband to reply to
all those questions on her behalf! I
have suggested to my wife that we
reply that if thc girl had all those
virtues wc should keep her in the family and marry her to the first son
that could find sufficient money to
keep such a paragon of all the perfections. It is marvellous that an
inquiry was not made as to the number of teeth she had.
Yours trulv.
With slight variations the above
list of "lie-lions might be profitably
put by thc prospective purchaser of a
horse or cow. With a few added
queries as to pedigree it might come
in handy to dog fanciers in making
their purchases.—Ed.
The most ludicrous sight imaginable is that of a lot of slaves at the
polls on election day wiisily voting
fwr thc candidates and program of
their misters. Even a mule would
have better sense.
Thc development of "our" resources
i.s only a polite way cf expressing the
utilization of the natural resources
of "our" country for the purpose of
skinning such wage-slaves as may be
induced to fall into "our" net.
It happened one day, as a pompous
and pot-bellied capitalist mastiff, who
not only owned thc vH-lage where he
lived, but saw that it was securely
guarded against all ether thieves and
robbers, thus retaining those ancient
and honorable privileges exclusively
for himself, was riding in his automobile with one of his puppies by his
side, all the little working class dogs
in the street gathered about him and
barked at him. The puppy was. so
enraged at this affront done to his
sire that he asked him why he did
not caH a police dog and have them
tern to pieces. To which the sire
answered, with great composure of
mind: "If there were no working
class dogs, I should be no capitalist
Mastiff, and the police dog would be
out of a job." Though this happened
in Esop's time, in consequence of the
wisdom cf the aforesaid Mastiff in
not listening to the pup's advice the
identity of interest between Mastiffs
and curs has remained in statu quo
down -to the present day, the police
dog is still on the beat, and harmony
reigns through dogdom, unbroken except by an occasional yelp from some
cur who gets his tail in a crack.
Word has come to this office that
J. M. Cameron, late of Victoria, has
been taking subscriptions for the
Western Clarion at Portland, Oregon,
and vicinity. As no such subscriptions have been turned in to this office by him, it is evident that he has
engaged in such business merely for
the purpose of raising revenue for his
own use. All persons are hereby notified that said Cameron is not authorized to receive money for any
purpose whatever, on account of the
Western Clarion. The only authorized travelling agents of the Clarion
at the present itime are Harry Sibble,
who looks after the paper's interests
in thc interior of the province and
adjacent districts, and A. J. Arnason,
who looks after Vancouver Island and
the city c*f Vancouver and vicinity.
These comrades are supplied with
subscription cards or regular receipt
forms issued by this office. Their transactions on behalf of the Clarion will
be honored by this office. Pay no
money on account of the Western
Clarion to any persons you do not
know unless they can show credentials  authorizing    them    to    receive
same.  St
In spite of the Hearst and other
reform waves, the Socialist vote of
Chicago reached about 30,000.
Some Facts Regarding Materialist Conception of History-
Synopsis of a Lecture Delivered by J. G. Morgan in
SuUrvan Hall, Vancouver. Sunday November 11 th, f 90$.
There is every reason to believe that an election
will be sprung at an early date. There can be no mistaking the attitude of the capitalist parties in this
respect. Both Liberal and Conservatives are straining
every nerve to get into shape as rapidly as possible,
but, by tacit consent, or actual agreement, no notice
will be given until the last possible moment for fear of
further arousing an already deeply interested working
Speaking in Vancouver some months ago I stated
that I believed that some such arrangement had been
entered into by the capitalist parties, and further that
in my opinion the only reason for the hesitation in
springing the election at that time was the energetic
action of the Socialist Party in placing its organizers
in the field, and the prompt response of the workers to
the signal of battle. Trusting that this energy has
been exhausted, or that the workers have been once
more lulled into inactivity or listlessness, the capitalist
parties are again working in silent but strenuous effort
to get ready for the fray and place the proletarian
forces at an obvious disadvantage.
It is highly advisable that the Socialist Party
clears decks for action, or in other words gets down to
business. I would suggest that. each Local arrange
forthwith for a nomination meeting to be held within a
month from date, aud that Socialists in unorganized
districts apply at once to thc Provincial Executive to
nominate, suggest, or assist them to secure suitable
candidates. This fight is going to be the most stirring
and momentous in the history of Canada and will
prove of world-wide interest. It is up to the workers
to come out of the fray the victors in every district
contested. If they do not succeed to this extent they
can at least make it evident to society that half a dozen
of the fangs of their capitalist exploiters have been extracted for good in this Province of British Columbia.
Yours in the struggle for freedom,
A large and, for good and sufficient
reasons, a growing section of the
membership of our movement has
been stigmatized as "impossibiiist"
and its teaching denounced as "cold,
aggressive, academic formulae."
AH science is,-of necessity, cold
and academic, and, as we believe
these formulae to be a true analysis
of human society and social development it follows that action along the
lines so indicated would be the only
possible means of avoiding the failure and discouragement resulting
from the misdirected energies of reformers and opportunists.
The key to social development is
not to be found in any speculative beliefs or ideas or in any conception
involving the theory that men's lives
are dominated by their consciousness.
A trustworthy explanation of historical processes has only been possible
since the discovery of the "Materialist
Conception of History," first clearly
stated by Karl Marx.
Ideas do not fall down from heaven, still less are they evolved out of
man's inner consciousness.
By means of his senses man receives impressions> these are compared, co-related and generalized in
the human mind and hence, arise the
thoughts and judgments of men.
Their ideas are thus reflections of
the conditions of their environment.
The accuracv of such reflections will
vary with the degree of intellectual
culture, the capacity of the individuals and the intensity of their preconceptions.
The materialist conception of history may be defined as the view that
the social life of mankind on all
its sides, including its moral, intellectual and esthetic, is either the direct
or indirect outcome of the psychological reflection of its economic conditions, that is, of the conditons under
wheh its wealth is produced and distributed.
The motive' force in society is the
overmastering necessity for obtaining
the means of subsistence, good clothing and shelter and human progress
has consisted in tbe continuous advance in the means of obtaining these
things; the evolution of the tool.
To quote Marx:
"In making their livelihood together men enter into certain necessary
involuntary relations with each ot ier.
"These industrial relations arise out
of their respective conditions and occupations and correspond to what-1
ever stage society has reached in lhe
development of its material pr vtuc-
tive forces.
"Different stages of industry produce different relations.
"The totality of these industrial relations constitute the economic
structure and basis of society.
"Upon this basis the legal and political superstructure is built.
"There are certain forms of social
consciousness or so-called public
opinion which correspond to this
With the most primitive methods
of wealth production Jt was impossible that a man could do more than
provide for himself or, more properly,
his own share in the common good.
Wit- more improved methods it soon
became possible that a surplus could
be produced.
Under the operation of the law of
"division of labor" certain individuals,
being liberated fom the necessity of
labor, were invested with or arrogated
•to themselves the performance of certain functions; military, clerical or executive. These distinctions became
fixed and a separate and privileged
class arose. There was thus formed
a ruling and a subject class, developing into a possessing and a non-possessing class.
As soon as there exists in a society
a possessing and a dispossessed class,
there exists in that society a constant
source oi collisions which the social
organization would not long resist, if
there was not a power charged with
maintaining the "established order,"
charged with the protection of the
economic situation of the possessing
party and ensuring the submission of
tlie dispossessed party.
This power is the State, thc public
power of coercion.
To quote Marx again:
"When the material productive forces oi society have advanced to a
certain stage of their development
they come into opposition with the
old .conditions of production, or to
use a legal expression, with the old
property relations, under which these
forces have hitherto been exerted.
"Instead of serving longer as insti-
itutions for the development of the
productive powers of society, these
antiquated property relations now become hindrances. Then begins an
epoch of social revolution.
"With the change of the economic
basis the whole vast superstructure
undergoes, sooner or later, a revolution.
"In considering such revolutions we
must always distinguish clearly between thc change in the industrial
methods of socia* production on the
one hand, this  change takes    place
unconsciously, strictly according to
the laws of naitural science, and might
properly be called an evolution.    .
"And on the other hand, the clwr-ge
in the legal, political, religious, af.
tisttcal or philosophical, in short,
ideological institutions; with reference to these men fjj-ht out this conflict as a revolution conscious > of
their opposing interests.
'This conflict takes the form of a
class struggle."
We see here the genesis of the class
struggle. As the State is the guarantee for the perpetuity of the existing social relations — manifesting
themselves as property relations—and
is rhe protector of the ruling class the
object of the class struggle is the
conquest of the powers of the State
and consequent control of the means
of wealth production.
The class struggle is, therefore no
mere scramble for the product of labor, no mere bickering on the "economic field" over the respective
shares in that product.
The conflict is one for political
power and is waged on the political
field alone.
Nor is the abolition ol the state
the immediate aim of the revolting
class. As the state cannot cease to
exist so long as classes remain k
must be used as the means of abolishing classes, and will then, of necessity, die out.
Marx goes on to say:
"A society, no matter what Hs form
may be, is never broken up until all
the productive powers are developed for which it is adapted.
New and higher social institutions
are never established until the material conditions of life to support
them have been prepared in the lap
of the old society itself.
"Therefore, mankind never sets for
itself any tasks, except those for
which it has received the proper
training and which it is able to perform.
"If we examine closely, it will always be found that the conflict itself never anises except where the
material conditions of its solution
are already at hand, or at least in the
process of growth.
We may in wide outlines characterize the Asiatic, the antique, the
feudal and the modern capita-list
methods of production as a series of
progressive epochs in the evolution
of society.
"The industrial relations arising out
of the capitalist method of production constitute the last of the antagonistic forms of social production; antagonistic not in the sense of an antagonism between individuals, but of
an antagonism growing out of the
circumstances in which men must live
who take part in social production.
"But thc productive forces which
are developed in the lap of capitalist
society create at the same time the
material conditions needed for the
abolition of this antagonism. The
capitalist form of society, therefore,
will bring to a close this cycle of the
history of human society, as it has
existed under the various forms of exploitation."
When the evolutionary process has
transformed the material basis of society, organized and disciplined the
subject-class and eliminated the functions of the ruling-class, which thus
becomes a mere parasite; has intensified the class antagonism by the impossibility of men livisg under the
changed conditions, then does the Re-
voluton become possible, in fact, inevitable. This Revolution is neither
more nor less than the conquest of
political power by the subject-class
and the use of that power to adapt the
legal forms to the changed economic
I cannot conclude better than by
quoting Frederick Engel's conclusion
to "Socialism, Utopian and Scientific":
"The proletariat seizes the public
power, and by means of this transforms the socialized means of production, slipping from the hands of
the bourgeoisie, into public property.
By this act. the proletariat frees the
means of production from the character of capital they have thus far
borne, and gives their socialized
character complete freedom to work
itself out. Socialized production upon a nredetermined plan becomes
henceforth possible. The development ef production makes the existence of different classes of society
thenceforth an anachronism. In proportion as anarchy in social production vanishes, the political authority
of the state dies out.
"Man, at last the master of his own
form of social organization, becomes
at thc same time the lord over Nature, his own master—free.
To accomplish this act oi universal
emancipation is the historical mission
of  the  modern  proletariat.
To thoroughly comprehend the his-
torica'l conditions and thus the very
nature of this act, to impart to the
now oppressed proletarian class a full
knowledge of the conditions and of
the meaning of thc momentous act,
it is called upon to accompuhsh.this
is the task of the theoretical expression of the proletarian movement.
Scientific  Socialism."
: two
OLUtfof. tr_»-iftm«    IMtttH  POMIM-B^
i-_!!___** s i
Ike Mn Una
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the working class alone
at the Office of tbe Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 165 Hastings
Street, Vancouver B. C
Strictly in Advance
Yearly subscription cards in   lots
of five or more, 75 cents each.
Bundles of 5 or more copies, for a
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at the rate of one cent per copy per
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If you receive tins paper, it is paid
Address   all    cornmunicati-ns  and
make ah money orders payable to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch thia label on yoor paper. If this number is on it,
yoor subscription expires die
next issue.
Saturday, November 24, 1906.
Another consignment of several
hundred Hindus was landed last
week from the C. P. R. steamer Tartar from Hong Kong. They are now
wandering aimlessly about the city.
apparently deep in conjecture as to
what has happened to them, and what
has become of the splendid opportunities, and the magnificent wages
that they were told preaviled in this
favored land.
It is openly bruited about that the
most of these unfortunate wretches
are both penniless and friendless. Being the former, the latter quite naturally follows. That they have been
cruelly swindled into coming here is
by no means difficult to believe. That
some capitalist interests of this Dominion expect to profit by their coming is reasonably certain. In fact,
the Dominion's chief capitalist conspiracy, the C. P. R., has already profited by it. It has transported them
across the Pacific and it is not upon
record that the company engages in
such business for the purpose of los
ing money.
There are other railway interests in
Canada that should not be overlooked in endeavoring to ascertain the
reasons for this wholesale influx of
a class of labor which, because of its
absolutely penniless and helpless condition, can be taken advantage of to
work more cheaply than the labor already upon thc ground, and these are
the interests that contemplate, or
have in hand, the construction of additional railway lines. For instance,
what an undisguised blessing it would
be to the generous and whole-souled
Christian gentlemen who constitute
the G. T. P. gang of pirates, if kind
Providence, in its inscrutable wisdom,
should see fit to provide an ample
contingent of penniless Asiatics to
carry forward the construction of the
projected trans-continental line, at a
rate of wages less than they might
otherwise be compelled to pay to Canadian or American workingmen.
Nothing more satisfactory could happen: It would be as great a streak
of good luck as that which happened
to the sheenies in the wilderness upon that fabled occasion when manna
fell down from heaven upon    them
That Vancouver property owners
are feeling alarmed over the prospect
of its becoming necessary for the city
to provide for thc necessities of these
stranded Hindus in the course of the
coming winter, is quite natural as
this touches their pockets. They are
expressing great sympathy for the
stranded ones just now, and crying
. out lustily that the influx be stopped. Some of their journals are even
calling upon the Ottawa government
to put a stop to it, and denouncing
the coming of the Hindus as a menace to Canadian labor. Their sympathy for the Hindu and their consideration for the home-made workingman is prompted by solicitude for
their own pocket-books, a raid upon
which may be necessary in order to
provide scup for the starvelings in order to carry them through the winter or until such times as they may
be absorbed into the construction of
"our" new railway lines or other business undertakings.
The menace to the workers of Canada in thc introduction of these
hordes of laborers inured by ages of
oppression to a scantier living, lies
an the effect their introduction will
have upon the scale of wages, and
consequent standard of living, hitherto prevailing.    It is needless to say
that the present wage scale, in sach
Una* of. employment st ft Is possible
for the Hindu labor to enter, will be
adversely affected That is the undoubted purpose in bringing tfcem
here In spite of all the b'ow about
the high wages prevalent, in British
Columbia especially, it is all wind.
The average wage here is what it is
everywhere, merely enough to keep
the worker alive while he works. M
he has much of a family, the youngsters have to be sacrificed upon the
altar of wages in order to induce the
god Capital to vouchsafe enongh
sustenance to go round
Workingmen. whether their skins
be black, red, yellow or white, are
mere pawns upon che chessboard of
<*apital, to be moved from place to
place as the reorrirements cf the labor-skinning game may determine
The cheaper grade of labor is always
used to checkmate the dearer. In
this case the Hindu is being used to
checkmate the white worker. It is
of little use to crv out against it. In
fact it is of no use at all. Capitalist
property rules by permission of the
wage slaves themselves. Instead of
crying out again* the exercise of
that rule, the wage slave should hail
it with joyous acclaim and swear he
likes it, no matter if it does play race
against race, and the cheaper labor
against the better paid. No workingman, who has given his support to
thc political and economic mastery
of capita! ba^ any kick coming even
if the needs and requirements of
capital should totally deprive him of
the means of living and thus take his
life. He has gotten what is coming
to him in any event.
Let the workers refuse to be led
into any crusade against the Hindus,
or any other workingmen. All are
alike the victims of capitalist exploitation. Let all stand together for
the conquest of the power that will
bring that exploitation to an end, so
that the native of India may live in
bis own country undisturbed and unmolested. Under such circumstances
he would no longer prove a menace
to the Canadian workingman.
To accomplish this involves the
overthrow of Capitalism, not only in
India and Canada but throughout the
world It means thc liberation of the
wage slaves of all countries from
the exploitation of capital, and the
countless miseries and infamies that
are bred under it.
On to the conquest of the public
powers by the working class! Forward to the control of Canada and <
her industries by the Canadian workingmen! That will solve the Hindu
and all similar vexatious problems.
_», mm, __« _d <*_- U,_ tiwf-fe -"« » ** °""T,'..~'.
,„v. TS, „**, ,_*. m „«, \S*tmlmTmmmmmZ SS
fall bv the Wowing of ram's Wns.   lWe •"•noa* . ,-*., d„H
able; not capable ot oe.ng e_.-i>
with; used in a general sense, as ap-
T*Se modern robbers" tower of Babel
will not crumble to ruins because a
lot of confused and jibbering idiots
stand around and talk about the "brotherhood of man." "'he who will not
work neither shall be eat." and "to
the laborer the full product of his
toil. The entrenchments of capital
will be conquered only bv the representatives of the working class,
armed with the authority and backed
by the power to take possession in
the name of Labor and Liberty.
The straggle st the polls is a strug-
rle for control of the capitalist state.
It may be between conflicting capitalist interest* each de«r"fring to obtain
it for its own special pnrpose. In
such case it is of no consequence to
thc working class which side succeeds, and k is only an ignorant
worker who would take sides in the
matter, i. e.. one ignorant of his class
interests. Then again the workers
might engage in the struggle for the
purpose of gaining control of the
state   in   the   interest   of   their  own
plied to a person or thing that is
difficult   to   control     Of   f«     #*i
with." .       .
The whole world is in cntmual
turmoil and uproar under the di-pen
sation cf the capital st system,
follows war with the regularity
clock-work. Nearly every nation
maintains its bands of armed ruffians
,„dv to hurl at the throat of its
neighbor, or to use in beating its own
recalcitrants into submission ' ■'•
differences arising between nations.
as well as between individual*-, spring
from Me present system rf property
in the means of production and furnish a splendid testimonial as to its
Nation wars with nation over additional territory in which to extend
their respective commercial influence
Based upon the exploitation of the
wealth producers, capitalist production, in any given country, must *<■"*■-
er or laicr extend its dominion over
steamer he would never have thought
of the wings. ...
Some there were who had the prtce
and sailed gaily away to tbe promised
iand, only to return in time with tales
of woe that would bring tears to the
eyes of a bill collector. The lugubrious talei of these returning ones were
set down merely as the pessimistic
lucubrations of ne'er do wells who
were too la/v to work and whose souls
were of such a low type in thc scale
of soul economy that they were incapable of becomintr attuned to the
raphsodies of the higher life as exemplified in New Zealand. The bilious adventurers, however, persisted in
asserting thst the condition of labor
in New Zealand was not a whit better
than elsewhere and some of the more
persistently malicious ones dubbed it
as a "bum" country in a backward
stage of capitalist development. The
following clippings from capitalist papers not only go far to afford at
least some warrant for the assertion
tluit the country is "bum," from the,
standpoint of labor, but what it lacks
in capitalist development will in time
be made good. Evidently New Zealand capitalism is equally as rapacious
as lhat <>f Canada, and is resorting to
the same methods to bring victims
within reach of its teeth and claws.
It is also evident that thc result is
thc same to thc victims.
SUnion  Dir
W-B«o Thvv
"Soft words butter no parsnips."
There is a time for a talk, and a time
when nothing short of action will
suffice to accomplish results. The latter time is now here and it is evident that the lash must be applied to
the back of the laggard in order that
he may be spurred on to some sort
of activity in working out his own
salvation, instead of eternally mouthing his discontent while stupidly waiting for others to lift hrm from thc
slough of miser" and despond in
which he is floundering. The slave
who will not throw his energies into
tlhe cause that nukes for his deliverance from bondage does not deserve
freedom and ought in justice never to
attain it.
There are in this province at least
some thousands of men who are conscious of the fact that under the present system of property in the means
of wealth production, the men and
women who do the world's work arc
slaves. In spirit these thousands are
in rebellion against this enslavement.
When alone thev curse it. When
gathered together they condemn k.
An intense loathing and hatred of it
is ever present with them. They long
for deliverance from it. The vast ma.
jority of Uhem mutter, and grumble,
and growl and snarl, and bellyache,
but that is all. The minority, a
mere handful, on the contrary, throw
their energy talent and means into
the struggle to attain that which is at
once the hope and the aspiration of
the world's enslaved millions the
casting off of tbe yoke of capitalist
exploitation, and the raising of labor
to its rightful position of master of
industry, and of itself. The many
talk; the few act.
The interests that profit by the
ruthless enslavement and exploitation of the workers are entrenched
behind the organized powers of the
state. From this point of vantage
they promulgate their decrees and
send forth their minions to enforce
them. In command of the state
their will becomes law, and the slaves
are at their mercy. So long' as rhey
remain thus entrenched the slaves
must wear their chains. To drive
them from their entrenchment! is no
child's play.    It will require some-
class.     This is the task the  Social- j additional territory in order to Bad
an outlet for thc surplus values -wrung
from its wage slaves at home. M
this applies to every capitalist cmn
try. it may be readily understood that
these clashes between nati->n<, that
often result in widespread bloi-dlct-
ting, destruction and disaster, are inevitable. They are the logical result
of a system of property based up-n
the production c>f surplus values in
the shape of commodities, and which,
of necessity, must be disposed "f in
order that the process may cntinur
As to he clash between individual
capitalists little need be said Kvcn
among themselves, thc relations established by thc very nature of thc
system of pr.Kluction itself, make* of
their very existence a dog-eat-dog si
fair. The big one* swallow their more
diminutive brethren, thc respective
statures of course being measured by
thc relative amount of capita! at their
Between workmen and their capital
ist masters there is no peace. There
can be none. Between master and
slave exists a relationship that inevitably results in open rupture sooner
or later. No sooner arc thc workers out of one strike than they are
into another. The economic pressure
bn inrht to bear upon them thr. ••-.#■".
the ever increasing intensity of capitalist exploitation renders it imp***
sible that per'!.-*' should I<mg prevail
Outbreak after outbreak occurs.
spreading destitution and suffering
among the workers and cOfttflSCfXtal
stagnation and disaster among the ex
ploiters and their agents and hangers
With every rebellion of the slave*
of capital against its exactions thc en
tire industrial machinery of society is,
thrown more or less out of joint. This
again demonstrates the practicability
of a system of production based upon
a  principle that  works out  so disa«
trously to thc workers that they peri
odically throw down their tools as a
pretest against its terrible exactions.
Thc defenders of capitalism need
not waste time iu attempting to siiiow
the impracticability of socialism, lf
thev will devote their time to clear
ly showing the practicability of capitalism it will do quite as well.
ist Partv of Canada has set itself and
which, backed by the logic of events,
it is bound to accomplish.
It requires funds to carry on thc
warfare necessary to oust the cap:tal-
ist class from its strongholds at the
Provincial and Dominion capitals.
Speakers, agitators, candidates and
the press are the guns to be used.
Cash is the ammunition that renders
them usable. The most agile-tongued
"spieler" that ever swayed the multitude would be powerless so to do, if
the material substance that gave
strength to his lungs and agility to
his tongue were not forthcoming.
Speakers cannot be routed, literature
cannot be spread, or candidates be
placed before their constituents unless the necessary cash be provided
to cover the expense. The battle
cannot be won without the ammunition, no matter how plentiful and serviceable the guns.
And now, Mr. Workinbman, a word
with you. You are the chap, and nobody else but you. What have you
been doing in this matter and what
do you propose to do? Dollars to
doughnuts we can call the turn on
you. You have been talking like a
gramophone. At times you have
been even boisterous, and as bold as
a lion, in your mind. But you have
done nothing else. You have left
tbe real work, that which called for
an expenditure of energy, not wind,
for others to do. In the entire drove
none could be found that expected or
demanded greater results than yourself, and none did less to bring them
about. Now, if the cap fits you, |iut
it on. If it doesn't fit you, vou arc
not expected to wear it.
Another election will probably soon
be on in this province. The Provincial Executive Committee of the Socialist Party will be expected to do
active work during that campaign. It
will b_*_expected to send out speakers, provide literature for general
distribution, render financial assistance to such constituencies as may
require it and do many other things
necessary to pushing forward an energetic and effective campaign. Thc
members of the committee not only
give their services to the work without money and without price, but contribute from their means most liberally as well. The committee ha; at its
disposal speaking talent that can be
used effectively both during the campaign and thereafter. All the committee requires in order to make use
of the forces at its command is thc
cash with which to defray the expense* incidental thereto. There is
probably not a reader of these lines
lines who cannot in some way find
at least one dollar to be forwarded to
the committee for this purpose. It
is now up to you. You may not be
very much of a gun yourself, but if
you cannot even pass ammunition
you must either be extremely hard up
or mighty poor material for service
in the army of emancipation.
The only additional remarks necessary are that the time for action
is at hand and the address of the
Provincial Secretary will always be
found in column six of page two of
this paper.
"Your scheme is impracticable," is
the substitute for argument often fired
at the Socialist, by thc defender of
Capitalism. Thc inference to be
drawn is that his own pet hobby is
an emminently practicable thing. But
the events of every-day life in Wvc
capitalist world rather seem to deny
the practicability of capitalism, even
at Its present stage of development,
and the more highly developed it becomes the worse it gets.
Webster defines the word impracticable as meaning anything that is
Jim Hill has sold certain iron deposits for the trifling sum of $400,000,
000. This has caused the Appeal to
Reason to wax exceedingly wroth as
that sheet asserts that, "fhis property
once belonged to thc American people
and their theivish servants at Washington permitted it to get out of their
hands for a few hundred d'.-llars." Thc
only "American people" we know
who ever owned tliese iron deposils
constitute t'tvc ruling class of that
country. The persons who made the
purchase from Hill belong to that
class. Of this wc are sure, for if all
the working plugs in the Republic
were Stood on their heads until the
last penny had been shaken from their
jeans it would not make a total of
400,000,000 cents, let alone dollars
T.ie ruling class have belter sense
than to let any resources of such immense value "get out of their hands
for a few hundred dollars." The Appeal may rest assured of that It is
!_•*•*_ time thi* ri*-'culous rot about
thc people" and their "property"
was dropped. The ruling class of any
country owns thc property of that
country.    That is w*by it I, a ruling
New Zealand has been repeatedly
pointed out by social patchwork artists as a veritable new Jerusalem for
the workingman, a sort of paradise,
as it were, wherein he basked in sweet
content in the sunshine of a perpetual prosperity that rounded ont during
the autumn of his life into a generous
pension of two shillings a month, or
some other sum more or less fabulous. As a result of fthe beautiful
pictures painted by these reform artists many a working man in less favored lands has turned a longing eye
towards the Elysian Und of the south
Pacific and wished for wing* that he
might fly hither. Jiad he been possessed of thc price to go by regular
mouth.    Stvr.Ur,., ,,..'J' "•>'• WM*a
~^?u~—-~-~~~~—  ulA*
International Assoc;,,.
and  Sirunu,,:? *>V«
No. 97. nice.,       H ,kV-M
«d ri.ird Frida   Jflj JjB
I p- _»*    H- J  1'.1?. ?•
Secretary,  Rwm
Street W.
■*"• Rtti
'.. 66
"A couple of young fellows from
Cornwall, who came out to the colony
under the immigration scheme, arrived in Waihi yesterday looking for
work. They informed me today ihat
they were greatly disappointed in
their efforts to procure work. They
were led to believe in thc old country that work was very plentiful in
New Zealand, but they have found
the reverse to be the case. They had
tried unsuccessfully in Auckland and
through the Waikato districts, and
though*, they would give Waihi a
"The weather at Raunimu, on the
North Island Main Trunk line, has
been exceptionally bad for the last
few weeks (writes our correspondent).
What with the continuous rain and
snow stcrms, the people at the front
have had rather a bad 1 ine On
July J we had another snowstorm,
which practically stopped alt work on
the railway. The co-operative workers arc complaining bitterly of the
condition* under which they are
working. Owing to the time which
they are obliged to lose on account
of the wet and cold weather, their
cheques have been very small this
winter, and numbers of the men are
leavino each month. Thc Knglish n*v-
vies arc. with few exceptions, very
disappointed with their tot, and express them selves in a verv forcible
manner as to the way in which things
were represented to them in the old
country. It is really heartbreaking
to see the women-folk trying to get
used to this mode of tiivng. They
declare that as soon as an opportunity offers they intend to get out of it
It is stated that one batch of English navvies intend sending full par
tkulitrs of their experiences in these
parts to one of the Knglish newspapers. The public works department
is now building and supplying wooden
huts to thc men on the Waimsrino
Flams, and the Mak-t.ni Viaduct, at
a small rental, as the tents will not
stand the snowfall, which is often
very heavy."
"The other day, at the Arbitration
Court, a dairyman, in giving evidence,
said that his men worked between 70
and 80 hours a week, and were paid
from 15s to 17s. id., in addition to
board and lougtng. They had to ri»e
at 3 o'clock in tiie morning and milk
cows until 5 o'clock, when they started to deliver the milk. At 730 o'clock they returned for breakfast, and
after the meal cleaned milk cans and
milking shed. At a quarter past 11
o'clock they milked more rows, finishing at about half-past 12, ot a
quarter to 1. and after lunch went
away with the delivery carts again.
At half-past 4 they returned, and after washing cans were finished until 3
o'clock next moriing. The employer,
when hc was asked if hc could reduce
the hours of his men to 60 hours a
week, replied that if he did so he
would not bc able to make a living at
"The cold weather is now upon us.
and 1 am confronted with the special
needs which as tend thc poor at this
season of the year. Hunger and
comparative nakedness is bad enough
in congenial weather, but under the
climatic conditions of the past few
days it is excruciating. Your readers
have been generous in thc past, and
have thus enabled me to alleviate
some real suffering. Preset* needs
are possibly more pressing than usual.
We can turn almost anything to account. Fuel, clothing, or food will
be welcome, while money is urgently needed."
The last item is from a statement
by an officer of the Auckland Methodist Mission. The money was probably "urgently needed" for the purpose of paying salaries.
Thc workers need look for no
Utopia under capitalism. If they
wish to better their conditions they
must remain in their respective countries smd fight it out.
Just as water is the final solvent
of most material substances, time is
the solving and adjusting element
that reveals affinities , antagonisms
and relations in the realm of ideas.
A mental conception may, at first
sight, seem so dimple and self-evident
that it will admit of no variation or
modification, but reduced to action
and practical life and given time, it
may reveal itself in new and altogether unsuspected aspects. For an example, trace the history and relations of thc trades unions and socialism (on this continent and in Britain.
When socialism began to be a definite factor in labor discussions and
Phoenix     Miners*   Uniofi   ^
evening >t 7.,^ oV,ock   *-■
hall.     John    m,
Walter Morrisr,,,, Seen
■•"•"Every   I .oral   of tht _.
Pany of Canada .huula ra*,
under this   head,   tl 00 m\
Secretariat piesat not*.
I ■ I   I I li m m m m —»-__ ' ]
nrttb-i Columbia 1 "in ■••_■•,■ 1
Commiiiff. BoeUiut Part) 3
•dm. Meets - .ry alttrnstsi
day. D. G Mr Km™
Box 836, Vancouver, li c
Euvuihc   Cunariusj
clalist   i_ny of   Caa__,
every   alternat*.   Tu«*_». 7|
Morgan.    BocreUrr,   \\\ \
Street. V«nc*u>«r, ll C.
Looai V_ix-ou>, r, n<> 1, s. r.tf j
ada.      Husln'n    m«*l_«-
UnnUy  evening at   hta,
likclnltl.  Bid ~. Ill <_ur.b-|
(room  I.     see- nl floor).
Uaiial  BlMttots every "•.'-**(<
p. tn.. It,   SttUlvao   ;>.,: <\
•treat   Fi-edcn   p»rrv,
CK. Vancouver. B. C.
Lousl Tor-anto, S. V of C—maat
ond end fourth Tue*4*n
llea.lnu.i-, !• ••     . •    ,  (-IMSI
West. W.Dal*. Kecrvtxn,a\
Street. Jewish iirsncfc m«nt
Sunday nifht. witn* htll
Local Winnipeg. S P of C. 1
every  Sunday,        I •■. ■ **%*
2:30 p. in     J   (.*••'      ■   ;-_
Princes* Si. "»\ ; eg, Mat
Local Nelson, S. P. of C. -xtth]
cry Friday • 1 * ?i
Miners' I  • • : l|
A. W, ll.it!,, I, ■ .-tuni-tr
J. Edward Bird.     \  *' Hit
Ueo. E. UcGrwaaa
aARKimn- - 1 u cms* i"*"-
TW. §39.  P.O   ne>. 931
AM Hasting* 8t        Vukos**.!
its   literature     b< v
what more natur-
She unions won!
and   their   mcmbi
army?     Were  n<n tin   m-K '
the best of it*    "■
Was it n.n  Ihi   | •'"'-'l
How  could   a        • 'if**""***
though he fail"! I    '
thought it claiinii        r      *9
class, oppose   i i .
Iv coitccisril .•»'!    '.'in:;' > '**   ?
>     Did not. !••■ . tho I"''**
■   a
■ m
fraternal preamble
stitution enjoin
self and his broil ■-*''*
.  .!i.l««3
is 11
and just reward
would never opp<
lively  support   •
time he would (all mi" I'1"**
economic stmgia " "|t,".%
and thc political )a- ]
socialism would !>< '  • ,""'";   ,
tion  and in---"*'
"No politics    n „,
the blindest f Ily, ■ ■•"••■n
the working das- ,f
Time, howi-\<-.
view, revealed thi
tinct function*, n
tions of the two ■
Organized f>>r si
1 rati
rined W
:,g .ill 'Wl.
be~goff..r"thc ineinl»-r<nip*JP
jurisdiction. .111.I
[j   »n
1 !u- '*
tin '
firs I
limits  of  capilali*i"
system, unionism :<
talism in  the   •*•  '• '*i* ,      J
unions, council- .mil     ''.'.' (g
the corporations an.l trujijj
That they are not n.-n- --I"'
protective arise-  n  •"   "     rf
they *_vc no prnpneur)  ni -
the tools of producti-n '■•"
and advising power m   "'
Within strict limit-, ami cnx
ces being fsvorab.c
,, tl;.'**
raise or maintain w >K'"
however, from vari."i* y"^,,,,,.
ever narrower. Tin- f""- .,■*■
ception is concur-. 1.1 «'"-». ' aM
conditioned by it ami <*■■"» |«rtT
in its present or mo'li"*"" ". IM
long as the system t» «'"c idl*p
posed, and which I""'"'1".' ,„f«
!,,g, ft is most rn.cr.it » jke
pose when let alone. •■l"l'oW«.|
capitalist, allowed tn ""
ness in its own w.i) . n,|
Unionism, with its '''' nt'
partial interests, 1- •>» '' ' *,„. n-***■
ness to class ailing'""•*'%,„al
any wide sense ;i working Q
ment, nor in any ->■'■*'' ;',.,,„„.- .
ctass struggle •*>*-':','\vFi*EN_H
(To be coin-111'I'
_____ J
aamimy, HtiamaU M. ifafc
TBI Wtltt
-■ - -a _C_-_L___J_-_._a
These columns have been placer] at
thu disposal of the Party. Secretaries
uf i^ocals are requested to take advantage of them In, at Intervals, reporting conditions ln their respective
localities. Communications under this
I.nul should be addressed to the Dominion or Provincial Secretaries. Loral secretaries are further requested to
look to these columns for announcements from the1 Executive Committees.
Hy this means the business of tbe
I'arty wilt be facilitated and the Dominion and Provincial secretaries
relieved of a little ot the Increasing
burden of correspondence.
Local,  -lamps    and
supplies. _^^^^^^K	
Sniiiint-rland Local, stamps and
Local,   supplies
. M„.,.Mi,i    i^nai,   supplies    ...        oo
Central Campaign Fund    16.00
• $34-25
In order to afford comrades an
easy access to standard works on
Socialism, tbe committee has decided
to lay in a stock of literature. The
following are on hand and will be
sent post-paid to any address at
prices quoted. Two-cent stamps
will be accepted for sums not exceeding 25 cents:
lhe Origin of tha Family, (F.
Engels)  „ „mtm .........
Tho Social Revolution (Karl
Kautsky)  60
The World's Revolutions (Ernest Unterauuui)  50
'iho Socialists, who they ars
and what tbey stand for,
(John Spargo)  f .50
lhe Evolution of Man (Bolacbe)    .60
Modern Socialism (Chaa. H.
Vail)   85
Class Struggles in America
(A. M. Simons)      .10 |
The   Communist    Manifesto,
Karl   Marx    10 cents
Socialism,   Utopian  and  Scientific, Marx & En pels... io cents
Wage.   Labor   and   Capital,
Karl Marx  0 cents
The Mission of the Working Class.
Chas.   Vail     -....«,... - 06
Sceialisni and Farmers, A. M.
Simons 5 cents
Other works procured to order.
Address tha Literature Agent, Box
83fl.  Vancouver, B. C.
Regular business meeting, Nov. 13,
Comrade Pritchard in the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
A. Saarm and V. Slcutcr admitted
to membership.
Warrants ordered drawn for the
following sums:
Coal $ 2.25
Kent of Oddfellows' Hall ....    3.50
Ad. space in Clarion       2.00
Cleaning headquarters ,     50
Prov. Exec, for supplies        60
Convention Assessment 40.00
Literature Agent     1.05
Secretary instructed to write Com.
Goebel informing him that the Local
had no dates vacant fcr a lecture.
Program Committee reported Com.
Burns speaker for Sunday following.
Literature agent reported sales
since April 22nd $120.70. Expenditures for literature, $100.85. Secretary appointed as Press Committee
with the understanding that only
statements issued through him to the
press should be considered authorita-
j tive. Com. Arnason appointed chairman for Sunday following.
Secretary reported that the Local's
assessment   for   convention   expenses
was $4000.     A subscription list was
opened to raise the same.
Collection Sunday $5-.V
Literature  sales 105
Dues  7.25
Constitutions,    per doten  f
Membership cards, each 	
Application blanks    (with platform) par 100	
The committee beinjj a stockholder  in    the    co-operative    publishing
Regular business meeting, Nov 19.
Comrade   MacLachtan   in  thc   chair.
I Minutes of previous meeting read an
: approved.     Mrs.   J.  G.  Morgan  ad-
' mittcd to membership.
Warrants   ordered   drawn   for   the
j following sums:
'Rent ot Oddfellow's Hall   $3.50
! Cleaning Headquarters     50
j Literature   Agent     4.35
Resolved (hai  Provincial Campaign
Committee  be  appointed  at next  re
house of ChasTk-ri""* Co) can-£**jgZ\+7mMl*i and that a meeting be
cure literature for the locals at cost ■ *- -     - •  •_-.____
Campaign fund receipt books are
now ready and will be furnished to
locals at 10 cents each.
called for Dec. 10th. t<> nominate can-
didatei   for   thc   Provincial   election.
Com    Mills   appointed   chairman   for
, next Sunday's meeting.
; Collection, Sunday i8i*h  $ 6.10
j Literature  Sales        435
Due*    175
The following amounts received up
to mamWmWmmaaaaammT	
Previous!** acknowledged  Si&Ao     Adjournment
J. L.  I'.aum          loo'     Municipal election nomination meet
— ; ing adjourned to  Nov.  t6th.
Total   $13480
It has been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central fund
to be used in generally assisting in the
coming campaign and more especially
for the purpose of printing and distributing campaign literature.
All comrades wishing to collect
for this fund should st  once  apply
       O- '■    -
Those comrades and friends in Van-
j couver and vicinity, who worship at
I the vlirinc of Terpsichore and delight
I in doing homage by "tripping thc light
! fantastic t<«\" s'loulil by no means
I overlook thc Grand Prize Masqucr-
^^^^^^^^^^ . I adc   Hall   to  be  given  by  the   Local
•X* t-_'^..Vt!i-_*"V     _ 7"   ' t       -- : I Cigarmakers Union, on Friday even-
best sustained characters, etc. Thc
affair will come off at Myers' Hall,
Pender street Brassticld's orchestra
will be 'in attendance. A royal good
time is assured.
to date: 	
Previously acknowledged  $*".*'5° !
Two Clarion  Subs     ' °°
John O'Neil      J*M
Alex.  McLeod     »'°°
EdW.ll   Lee     °°
Geo.   Morrison     -•"■'
^mmmmmmmmmmmmmmm 1.00
1 00
t 00
1 no
Labor, in the political sense, must
henceforward be regarded as a Socialistic organization The
Socialistic gaol is the end and aim of
ithe majority The Labor
party, in ks present frtiape will, no
doubt, succeed in the course of years
in smashing the Liberal party. DUX.
The term "Labor" it considerably
less ambiguous, less vague, less capable of half a dozen different interpretations than it was. It might,
and often did, mean nothing or anything. In one of its senses every
man except perhaps a Russian Grand
Duke or two might, with more or
less of honesty, have called himself
a Labor man. Everybody wished
well to the working classes, desired
to see them prudent, let us say sober,
comfortable and contented. I have
attended a good many political meetings in m- time and I have never
heard a candidate yet who did not
express in the most free, the most full,
and the mo.-it cordial manner, his desire for 'the moral, mental and physical well-being, etc., etc., etc. of the
industrial masses of the people, without  which  etc.,  etc., etc. I"
Everyone was agreed to generadi-
ities; it was about particulars that
they got to loggerheads, and, unfortunately, it was particulars alone
that were at all to the point. Directly the working classes or any of t*neir
champions asked for anything in particular to be done people got angry
and called each other opprobrious
Getting to Terra Firm*.
Well, we are emerging now from
the region, the rmisty, marshy region,
of generalities. We have by no means
got altogether out of it yet for even
the term "Socialism" lacks something
in deliniteness, but we are emerging.
We "have got rid, or almost got rid,
■ of "Labor." If you want to realize
1 how much that means in the way of
clearing things up here is a little,
fact that will help you. We have beenj
told over and over again in the course
of controversies on latior questions
that really you know the conflict was
a foolis*h and fratracMal one because
"in the long run'*—they always said
that—"the interests of Capital and
Labor were identical." And truly so
long as nobody knew with any sort
of exactitude what "Labor" meant
the assertion was one extremely difficult to controvert.
Well, I venture to think that no
one ever has said, and I venture to
predict that no one ever will say, that
tfhe interests of Capital and Socialism
are identical! And so you see what
a great advantage there is in using
the word Socialism instead of the
word Labor; in frankly recognizing
as "Dux"' frankly recognized in his
leader last week, that "Labor in the
political sense must henceforward be
regarded as a Socialistic organization."
The organization of Labor, or, to
have done with abstract terms, of the
working classes, upon a Socialist basis and for Socialistic ends, was inevitable from flic moment when property ceased to be the qualification
for enfranchisement. Each successive widening of the franchise made
it more inevitable still, if you will
allow that there are degrees of inevi-
tableness. Of course, you may reply
that to sa- so much is mere"*- to state
a platitude, because when a thing has
happened it is obvious that it must
have been inevitable.
All the same I cannot help feeling
that a good deal of the growth and
progress of Socialist ideas just now
are due less to any vital truth inherent in the ideas themselves or to any
very special cogency with which they
are put forward bv the advoc-tes of
Socialism, than to the forcible-feeble
attitude of those who are opposed to
them. Never was a case suffered to
go so much, as it were, by default, as
is the Socialist case at thc present
Politicians express alarm, surprise,
indignation, sometimes though 'less
I. often than they used) contempt but
never do they venture upon direct
straightforward, point by point, convincing argument. And yet this is a
case in which it is of no manner of
use merely to abuse the plaintiff's
attorney. That rather crude policy
been tried now for some twenty
working class, but unless these are
supplemented, by organized political
force the-* will amount to little of
themselves. The ruling class will never climb down from their privileged
seats on the backs of the workers by
"invitation," nor as the result of the
verdict of a debating class. Whatsoever is necessary for the well being
of the working class, tbat is logical
and expedient to do at every stage in
ihe evolution of society.
It is very cheering, however, to
learn that the issue in Britain is clearing and the phrase or definition that
"the interests of Capital and Socialism are not identical," is a good one.
Thet same may be said of the conception that any commendable or beneficial political activity of labor is of
necessity socialistic. An international movement that left out, or far
behind, the classic land of capitalism
would be a supreme contradiction as
well as a powerful weapon against us
if such a thing could happen. That it
could not happen;** however, recent
events verv clearly prove.—S.
Greenwood, B. C, Nov.  19, 1906.
At a regular meeting of Greenwood!
Miners' Union, No. 22, W. F. of M.,
the following resolution was adopted:
Whereas, Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwaite, who we all know is true to
the working class, and the Socialist
partv in general, has lost his dear
mother, and be it
Resolved, that we express to you
and your relatives our heartfelt sympathy and condolence in this hour of
sorrow and bereavement; as we are
aware that tf.ie expression cf our feelings in your sad affliction can afford
but little comfort, still we cannot neglect offering you our sincere and
heartfelt sympathy. From experience we know the sorrow caused by
the loss of a dear friend; but how
much deeper the loss of your dear
mother, one so near and dear to you;
and be it further
Resolved, that a copy of these Resolutions be sent to the Miners' Magazine, Western Clarion, and Greenwood Lodge for publication, and a
copy sent to James H. Hawthornthwaite, and also spread on the Records of this Union.
Some who started early are now selling ten
X copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
Send to   us for circulars and wholesale
The book is now ready for delivery.
9 a copy.
q prices.
A Trained Nurse. Must be a
Graduate from some well established hospital. For particulars write to
Sec Ymir General Hospital
Box 506 Ymir, B. C.
60  YEARS'
The Republican and Democartic
campaign closed on Nov 5. The Socialist campaign is still on, to be
pushed with ever increasing vigor until the citadels of capitalist rule have
been captured and dismantled.
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
e sketch snd description may
It is entirely unnecessary to notify
this office to stop paper when subscription expires. VVe Know how tc
do that without request.
Anyone ssimini 1MO.H-....V .  -,
Vttaur aaeartain our opinion free whether sn
InTsnUftn li probably palatable. Conimniilrs-
Uonsstrtetlreonfldenttal. HIMDbOOK on r*i*uu
Mot Iim. Oldest scene* for securtns patents.
{-slants taken through Muun _ Co. receive
Patent* taaen urougo su_ _ <.<-. .—„...
metal norUt. without charge. In the
Scientific JtottrkatL
A hsa—somely lltnstraled weekly. largest circulation of any acienUBC Journal. Terms. SS a
taw; tear months, IL Sold by all newsdealers.
MUfHI & Co.a»«»^*^ New York
Branca OaSoa. OS » St, Wa-iinaton. D. C.
by buying tbat
-reliable, honest,
high grade tewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co*
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
Alex. Cameron	
("has.   Davis   	
Patrick   Mackay   —
P. G.   Blake   	
I'd   Lamtning 	
Richmond Ch.1pn1.1n
Jesse lloak 	
Fred  Laird  	
John Woodriff 	
Total    ^^^^^^^	
Forward all contribution. W Provincial Secretary.
Regular business meeting Nov. 20.
Present Comrades Dales. Lean,
Pritchard, Pettipiece, Stebbings, M"g-
sley (organizer), and the Secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting reau
and approved. ,
Communrentions read from l.-nnis
Revelstoke. Phoenix, Nelson an<-
from Comrades J. H. Uawt horn-
tlmaitc, J. F, Johnson, VV. H* Flow-
era, and Chas. H. Kerr & Co.. and
Secretary instructed thereon
Secretary      instructed
jury   v_=v.^^^_^^
election suits arising from time to
time in widely divided parts of the
Dominion, It would seem as if all
the electorate was tainted, void of
all sense of honor, and as if the end
in all cases justified the means. We
beg to suggest that a law be formulated in which the receiver will be punished as well as the giver, and (that
severe penalties should be meted out
to all participants in political corruption as would debar and prevent rc-
pitition of such deplorable scandals."
stand that no movement was ever
stopped or even stayed by alarm
surprise, indi.naition, or contempt;.1
and recognise that tlhc march of
false ideas can only be checked by
the resistance of true ones? And if
the leaders of both parties which in
this matter of opposition to Socialism
are really one panty), such as Mr,
Balfour and Mr. Haldane, feel too
oKl or too husy for the job, why do
they not eroplo** party funds in engaging clever young men, speakers
and writers, from    t'he    Universities
pitition of such MJionuie *™"™?Ai„a writers, from    t'he    universities
As Capitalist political practice could cou]d gc, them at qultc small
by no streitch of t'he imagination   be   v ^2{ do ft fof thcm; t0 tome
ex-ected to bc any less curropt han I • .        . ._. _„_:..■:.,.., „,-„.-,..,♦
''I' .    ...    '-.,.,,   >-liii*h
following sums:
Dom. Executive Com. (supplies $17.10
Postage • ,••••.■•    30°
Michel Local (Balance of delegates expenses   over   assess-
ment) ■  J'.
Revelstoke Local (same)      «•••*»
Phoenix Local, stamps and sup. $ 7.00
Rossiland  Local,  stamps        *-°"
Nelson  Local, stamps       Mo
cteu 10 uc «uj  ..... —.   ,
the system of property  from which
it springs, we must express our amazement at the crtutit" and crass ignorance displayed by the genus Toronto grand juror.    We beg to sug-
1 Rest that a  law  be  formulated pro-
reganling   viding severe penalties for  such dis*
■     .i   1— ,.f «rlu|j{y ind ignorance.   Wc
illow our faith in
tlie curiiuvv |,.«, of thc law to
be outdone by any grand juror from
Secretary      instnicie 1     ;*-****'    '^ * £ ,%{ crudity and i|
sending   out   proofs   of   the   reus 11 ii»>                            ^
Constitution to Locals for JPProva. do im      *V           tics
Warrants   ordered   drawn  lor  the the curottv• pr v
Greenwood ttjt, Nov.. at   1906.
F  T  Kingsley, Vancouver, B. C,
Strike on here at smelter.     Warn
nil men to keep away.
all men H    MATHIESONt
out and meet the Socialists, argument
for argument? Why not explode the
Socialist fallacies instead of merely
damning them? It ought to bc easy
enough.—-Unbent Bland, in the Sunday Chronicle.
Yes it Should be easy enough, but
Hubert Bland knows his Britain too
well to expect thc ruling classes will
ever submit the issue and accept
judgment at thc bar of argument or
I logic. That societ** rests on an il-
' logical basis. That it does not conserve the 'best interests of all within
its pale; these things are admitted by
many of its favored beneficiaries, but
they "defend the existing system none
t'he less, and will continue to do so as
long as a li-hting chance is left.
Logical demonstration and argument have their place and their influence in advancing thc claims of the
Notice is hereby given that after
60 days we intend to apply to the
Chief Commissioner of Land and
Works for a special license to cut
and carry away timber from the following described lands in Rupert District:
No. 1—Commencing at the S.W.
Cor. of Sec. 23, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains, thence south
80 chains.
No. a— Commencing at the N. W-
Cor. of Sec'. 14, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 3.—Commencing at the N. E.
Cor. of Sec. 15, Township 14, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 4.—Commencing at the S. E.
Cor. of Sec. 22, Township 14, thence
north 160 chains, thence west 40
chains, thence south 160 chains,
thence east 40 chains.
No. 5.—Commencing at the N. E.
Cor. of Sec. 26, Township 14, thence
west ■ 80    chains,    thence    south  80
chains, thence east 80 chajns, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 6—Commencing at the N. W.
corner of bee. 25, Township 14,
thence east 80 chains, thence south
80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains.
No. 7.—Commencing near the S.
W. Cor. Sec. 36, Township 14, thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains.
No. 8—Commencing at post half
a mile south of the S. W. Cor. of
Sec. 31, Township 15, thence north
80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains, thence west
80 chains.
No. o.—Commencing at a post
planted at the S. W. Cor. of No. 8.
thence south 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains.
No. 10—Commencing at a post
planted near the N. E. Cor. of Sec.
17, Township 15, thence 160 chains
west, thence 40 chains south, thence
160 chains east, thence 40 chains
No. 11—Commencing at a post near
the N. E. Cor. of No. 10 thence west
160 chains, thence North 40 chains,
thence east 160 chains, thence south
40 chains, to point of commencement.
Dated Sept. 26, 1906.
00., LTD.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a _*UB HAT see to it
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed in It, It
a retailer has loose labels in his possession and
offers to put one In a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label ls perforated on four
edges, exactly the same aa a postag. stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOfFITT, President, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN LA U LOR, SecreUry, 11 Waveriy Plan*
New Tork.
G- A. OKELL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.    You can always
depend upon our bread.     Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
Do you know we sell from 10 to 35
cents cheaper than our competitors.
"FC_i   __   CHA1TOE
71 Sevanaeit Street, Vlcterla, I. C.
Mta-Jiactartr ll
Ne. I Ceatre tt.
r,v,u"— —
... aonett tee feustaMa of Mtnufscturers,
Sa*rl*K«rssDd others who re-lire the s-WsibU-
lly of baring their Fslent loudness transacted
by Experts. Preliminary ad vice free. Charg-es
Moderate. Oar laveator's Adviser sent upon
reqneat. Marion & Marion, New York Ufe BUg,
Montreal; and Washington, D.C, V.&A.
Avhat the Farty Is doin*- on the Pacific
Coast  of  the  Unite-  Statos,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party and  By the
Socialist Party."
Ten weeks, ten cents; one year, Mi et*.
For the
Having been authorized by
thc publishers of tbe Western j
Clarion to receive subs at the |
regular rate-$1.00 per year
and apply one halt of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your sabs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which mum a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. ttcy.
Box 836, Vancouver, t. C. fotm
ttnaM -www-n,* mimtAW.       vAHQOPVl*,   MMM*    (»LWtBIA.
taeiw, Ht-nm,,..,_
M««e««H»ee»»»«.»«**»*»--*-**^^ S3II r.S'.'^S
9        • . . --,.■■£ -_-_-_—u^^a**\c*fi_rrrr*_'-gi---_-S-Si --■_«,■■■, :=■:■■ a .---=a_aag
for this de iwrunont should be addreased.
9        Edited toy B. P. P_aTIFIs-Ca_, to
.. _Hamilton just now is furnishing
material for thought for those workingmen whose sphere of endeavor is
confined to trade union effort and
serves as a very good illustration
of the soundness or rather weakness
of the whols labor union proposition. Thc employees of thc Hamilton street railway, not being able to
agree with the employing company as
to terms of employment and wages,
quit work in a body, or in other
words "struck." So far they acted
within their legal rights. The company proceeded to get others to take
their places, which was the legal
right of the company, and by all accounts they succeeded in doing sc.
On the appearance of thc cars on thc
streets manned by non-union crews
they were assaulted and derailed and
in some cases destroyed. Whether
this was done by sympathizers of the
striking employees or by strikers
themselves is not reported; but it is
indisputably the policy of labor union
combinations when on strike to hamper and hinder to the utmost of their
ability the employing concerns with
whom they are trying to drive their
"collective bargain" or union contract. As long as they confine their
efforts to boycotting by themselves
and sympathizers and "peaceful persuasion'' of strike breakers to quit
work they are, as a rule, unmolested by the courts and police—although
even these methods have been questioned and even forbidden by the judiciary of both this country and the
neighboring republic—but the moment they overstep these methods and
proceed to assault or destroy the
property or persons of others, that
is the signal for all the repressive
powers of government—the militia
and police—to be utilized for the suppression of all such lawless acts.
Property must be and is protected,
even if the streets are reddened with
blood and the still, white faces of
those slain are numbered in thousands. It seems a hard lesson to
learn, but the working people of Canada have received a few drastic lessons already and they had better profit by them while there is yet time
to coolly weigh and consider the issues involved and ere men's reason is
clouded by the passions which are
aroused by these brutal struggles in
a labor market, known as labor union
The Hamilton street railway is a
capitalist concern, that is, it is owned by a group ot capitalists for the
purpose of reaping a profit out of
the labor of those who operate it.
It is enabled to do this because cf
the peculiar situation the working
people of this country find themselves
in, which is, briefly, without means
of production or employment of their
own and therefore forced to sell their
labor-power — their only available asset—to the owners of those means
for a wage — that wage determined
by the number of laborers looking for
work and thc average cost of living
in the locality, for no matter how
fierce the competition for jobs there
is a point below which the most helpless of them cannot offer to work,
and that is what it costs to live. The
difference between thc operating expenses of the railway, including wages of employees, and the receipts
for services rendered the public determines the profits of the capitalist
owners, therefore it is bound by all
the rules governing thc conduct of all
similar enterprises to buy its labor-
power as it buys its cars and rails, in
the cheapest market it can, and it is
accountable to no one but its stockholders if it discriminates against organized labor-power (labor union) in
favor of unorganized labor-power
(non-union), and if any person or
persons fell aggrieved because they
are not employed in preference to
others they had better not manifest
it too boisterously lest they find
themselves in a cooler or staring
down the bayonet end of one of his
majesty's rifles. With what grim
earnestness a consideration of these
facts should set forth to even the
most dull the hidden purpose of capitalist property. It is thc same purpose that lay behind the slave empires which have succeeded each
other since the dawn of civilization—
that a master class might live in luxury and idleness by commanding the
servitude of the slaves.
But never before in human history
did a slave class have the legal instrument in their own hands for their
own emancipation if they cared to use
it—the ballot. By an intelligent use
of this instrument the working people can set up and enforce any principle as applied to property t'hey may
see proper. To use this power to obtain protection from the government
while they destroy thc property of
those with whom they cannot make
terms would be the act of children;
but to use their political power to
make social property of capitalist
property—in other words to convert
to their own use and welfare those
mighty instruments of wealth production which they alone are capable
of operating—in order that they may
work for themselves and appropriate
to themselves the fruit of their own
labor would be the course their sane
and Sober judgment should dictate.
But that would be Socialism. Well,
if you can sec any other way out of
the difficulty please let us know of
it.—Socialist Column in Winnipeg
i ono.
A Mr James dc Conlay, jr.. ""a it- _ Uw Angeles. Cal.. Nov. I
m.-.us gk-be-trotter,"' has jast an- ', Editor Western Clarion:
nounced to a breathless world, start- Hear Comrade: Up to this time, it
ling information. Thi-- literary gen- has Kren moat difficult to obtain any
ius.it appears, was recently,a visitor , figures a> to the vote for Socialist
in Vancouver and attended thc ra_*> ': candidate*- in this state at thc elec-
meeting called by thc Mayor tc dis- tions o days ago. Both the local
cuss thc Hindu "invasion." Socialist aiid -Capitalist press have lit-
After working off a whole los of tie or nothing to say about it. At
similar rot. this paid apologist goes last night's propaganda meeting hard-
on to say that what was most serious- |- a-y mention of the recent election
ly affecting British Columbia was thc was made, now there was no need
urgent need of labor—and cheap la- to keep back the result in the citv or
bor, of course. , oiinty and   it   is  pretty  certain "had
But here is the gem par excellence, there been any increase such as was
thc thing that seems to disturb Mr. dc expected, or even anv increase at all.
Dingbat: Says he, striking an atti- it would have been' widespread be-
tude of wisdom: ! fore this.    As it is, thc vote for grv-
"But the trouble is that the labor . ernor in Los Angeles city and coun-
"movement is beginning to express ty is a big increase over thc last
"itself in legislation. This is the most '■ vote for the same office 4 years ago,
"insidious, paralysing, stagnating and but the vote for Debs 2 years since
"abominable thing that could ever has not been equalled; in fact, is an
"happen to a country." j actual falling off of 1,000.     Thc fig-
Now, isn't it just simply awful? ; ures arc approximately: For Austin
Just whose interests such legisla- j Lewis (city), 1.708; for Austin l.cw-
tion  will disturb  the writer neglects   js  (county),  1,256.
to state.
The resit of the effusion is funny.
Read it over again, Mr. Working-
man, and take a second look at yourself.
That such significant comment is
made of British Columbia wage-
slaves speaks volumes for the growth
and development of the world-wide
revolutionary movement in this portion of Capital's kingdom.
The Lamachiks, a tribe of Indians
on the west coast of Mexico, are said
to be very timid, but possessed of
rare judgment. When they see a
white man coming, they run off into the brush, driving their pigs and
chickens before them.
W. J. C, Ghilliwack — Can't use
M.S.S. at this time—too lengthy, and
rather foreign tc the mission of this
G. E. W., Penticton—Send along
biography of candidate. Keep N. and
V. readers posted on situation in
Geo. H. Poor, who invented the air
brake wdhich Ts used universally upon
all railroads, died at Portland, Me.,
on Scpitcmbcr 28. Although his inventions have made many fortunes, he
left a widow and two children but illy
provided for. He thought, planned
and worked, and others got the benefit.—Machinists Journal.
R. B. K., Victoria—Many thanks for
clippings re J. Ramsay Maedonald, M.
P. Not sufficiently accurate and of
enough general interest to warrant
The editor of this department must
again urge upon correspondents the
necessity of condensing their news
and ivews and make it news of general interest, rather than local.
"The movement is in a healthy condition in this portion of the valley.
Com. Logie has organized a local at
Sunrrmerland with about 10 members.
* * * The Hedley Gazette is out
with a ridiculous parn to the effect
that the Pentidton Socialists have
been taken into the Liebral camp. I
dono t know what brand of booze the
editor is drinking, but it is evidently
causing him to 'see things.'"—G. E.
W., Penticton, B. C.
E. Wellington, B. C. Nov. 15, igo6.
Editor Western Clarion:
Please acknowledge through the
columns of the Clarion the following
contributions to the Campaign Fund.
Aug. 20, No. 1   $10.00
Aug. 20, Mr. Hoggan    5.00
"   20, No. 2    s.00
"   20, No. 3     1.50
"   20, No. 4    2.50
"   20, No. 5       50
20, No. 6     1,00
"   23, Thomas Rogers     1.00
24, R. Coe, jr     1.00
"   24, Fred Bates     1.00
24, G.   Overly        1.00
25, D. Hunden     1.00
"   30, No. 7     1.00
Sept. 6, No. 8  1.00
6, Alfred Andrew  1.00
6, No. 0  1.00
"   6, Mr. Gordon  1.00
8, Mr. Freese  50
"   8, No. 10 -.. 1.00
"   8, No. 11  50
"   10, No. 12  1.00
Oct. 2, No. 13  1.00
17, Wm. Quinn  2.00
"   18, No. 14  2.00
"   at, John AllensorT  50
"   30, R. Vates  1.00
"   30, Eli Hunt    50
Nov. 10, Wm. Thompson .... 2.00
"   10, No. 15    5.00
"   13, J. Ashcroft  1.00
In the same districts, Debs polled
over 4,000 2 years ago. The number of votes cast at the Presidential
election was not 1,000 more than at
last Tuesday's, at least within thc
city, where the registered voters
number over 50,000, to the county's
30,000. Of thc total 46,000 votes
cast, 28,000 were in the city, 18.000
county. According to this the proportion of Socialist votes is about
(for city) 1 to 16-1-2 for capitalist
party's and (in county) 1 to 14.
At the last election in Vancouver
our proportion was 1 to 5 or (1 and
though we-didn't have much to crow-
about it was a straight vote, which is
more than can be said for the vote
here. Hardly a precinct in the city
cast a straight S. P. ticket, for the returns proved in nearly every instance
that promiscuous "scratching" prevailed. Under these condtiions the
decrease Jn the number of Socialist
votes is serious, for it is of very little use to ouotc the figures of other
candidates, though in manx instances
they ran far ahead of Lewis. I do
not know what the Local here will
claim as to what brought about this
unsatisfactory result, bit; to my mind
it has mere to do with thc teaching
and tactics pursued by Los Angeles
Local at its meetings during the past
2 years thnn the Hearst boor.* of the
"Independence League" candidate,
If Los Angeles is to poll a bigger
and a straight vote in 1008, there wrll
certainlv have to bc clearer and more
active propaganda and a great deal
less catering to the "public ownership" people and a better knowledge
of the fact that the only "graft" Socialists need care about is that involved in thc robbery of the working
class as producers. A great deal has
been heard at this election about
graft and in every case one could
only infer that Socialist speakers using thc term had in view thc same
thing as thc capitalist politicians of
the other parties. A lesson might also be learned as tc what stand should
be taken on thc union labor question
by reflecting where that vote went to
in spite of strenuous efforts to corral
it for Socialist candidates. As usual,
"organized labor" voted solid for capitalist rule, even turning down the candidate of their chief newspaper support (Los Angeles Examiner), and
voting for the Republican and Democratic nominees straight. One begins to wonder if this is the effect of
all the agitation over the Moyer, Haywood affair, and if the rest
of thc state has made any different
answer. I understand the little out-
of-the-way city of San Diego pollcd
ncarly 1,000 votes for Lewis, if so
it's a call down for Los Angeles.
It's more profitable to turn to
events in the north and thc interesting times in Vancouver augers
well for the stand taken by the
S. P. of Canada. Thc bolters at
the labor convention upheld union
labor tactics nobly and acted just
about as people who think the wcrk-
ing clas** deliverance lies within the
capitalist system usually do. It is
inspiring to turn to thc consistent at-
titudo-of the unions from thc interior
and proves the value of Socialist propaganda work there. I expect to see
this new "labor party" helped, if it
lives, by the World and Province, or
by any capitalist gang who can use
it to further their ends in beating
down Socialism at the next election.
We shall have to fight it anyway,
and it behooves us to work with that
end in view. They have come out into the open: Socialists kno where
they stand and what they have to dc.
Yours Fraternally,
O. R.
reports of results in the election, but
apologies do not mend matters.
If we are ever to become efficient,
we must train, drill and discipline ourselves until we shall be able to do the
things that ought 10 be done, and
then we shall not be tempted to apologize for failure to do our duty.
All reports indicate that there has
been a steady gain in Socialist votes,
and, in many localities, this gain has
come without any semblance of organization and without any propaganda.
The grave danger involved in thi*
state of affairs should stimulate every Socialisft to do his utmost to extend, strengthen and perfect our organization.
In one of the precincts of this state
the Socialists cast twice as many
votes as both the old parties, and in
others they occupy second place. An
encouraging sign of the times is the
call chat is coining in from many
part*, of tlu* State for organization. Chehalis county, Clarke
Yakima, Whitman, Stevens, Pierce,
King, Snohomish. Kitsap and Kititas
all see thc necessity for activity along
thc lines of organization.
Seme of thc so-called Socialist
tickets were made up of men wliu hail
never been members of the party or
were in bad standing, and their platforms C'HiliI not have been told
from a Populist platform of ten years
ago, but I do not blame thc m<*n who
did these things, for, in most cases,
they did the best they knew. It is cur
duty to reach these people with
trained speakers and with suitable
literature. This is thc next in order
on the program in Washington.
D. Burgess. Sccy-Trcus.
Now for Organization.
(Another "battle of thc ballots" has
been fought, and though wc did not
elect a single candidate to an important office, ours is thc enly party that
won. Throughout the United States
a light vote was cast, yet we polled
approximately 600,000 votes. This is
mo- encouraging; it indicates that we
have been working. Many of us are
tired as a result of hard work during
thc campaign, and feel that we should
have a rest, but to become apathetic
now would bc treason to our cla,.-.
The campaign of '08 is now on, much
works needs to be done. We must
perfect our organization. To fail to
do this is suicidal to our Party, and
means more galling slavery to our
An unorganized mob nf 15.000.000
voters would count as nothing agamst
die well organized forces of thi ca[>:-
talist  class.
Organize the best of these K.ouo,-
000 voters into a well disciplined,
militant, revolutionary Socialist party
and thc emancipation of the working clas* is assured.
How to Organise Locals.
Five or mere pe<iple in any community, 18 years of age or older, who
subscribe to the platform and constitution of thc Socialist party, may organize themselves into a local of the
Socialist party.
Blank applications for charter and
membership application blanks will be
furnished by the state secretary en
request. Each person must sign the
application for charter ami Ml out
an application for membership in his
own handwriting. Elecit an organizer and a secretary-treasurer, have
them sign the application for charter
and then send it to thc state secretary-treasurer, together with 15 cts.
each for the first month's dues. The
membership application cards will bc
retained by your secretary. Fifty
cents extra should accompany the application for charter for which thc
-Jtale secretary will send sundries for
future use.
The necessity for organization must
be apparent to every Socialist. Wc
must organize to get into touch with
one another; to learn how to bc effi-
cierit, so that we may systematize and
give to each comrade flic particular
work to which hc i.s best adapted.
We organize to discuss social, economic and political questions so that
wc may be able to interpret current
events in thc clear light of thc Socialist philosophy.
Wc must organize to train ourselves
in parliamentary laws, so that wc may
cope with the shyster lawyers and
corrupt politicians when we enter the
halls of legislation.
We imi* organize to put tickets in
the field, to wage effective campaigns, to man the polls so as to insure thc counting of our votes, to car-
ry on our fight for free speech and
peaceable assemblage, to educate thc
working class to a consciousness of
their historic mission, and for many
other reasons too numerous to mention here.
To do all this we need your help,
and unless you are willing to join the
party, pay your dues, attend meetings
and do your share of the work, you
fail in your duty to yourself, your family and your class, and have no
right to call yourself a Socialist.
Organizer,  Socialist   Party.
Thc strike at the mines of the
Crew's Nest Pass coal company i%
ended. The men have returned to
work. The principle of thc "open
shop" has been established. The
last bulwark of old line unionism has
been battered down so far as the
miners of the Crow's Nest region are
concerned. From now on they must
submit to such conditions as the
free play of the forces developed
within an unrestricted and merciless
labor market may determine. The
company is now at perfect liberty to
utilize any labor that may be available in thc market, for the purpose of
conducting its operations. Whenever
it can find a cheaper substitute for
that previously employed, the latter
must give way cr reduce itself to a
similar level of cheapness.
And why should it not be so?
Granted that the present system of
property in the means of production
bc i'.-.iiul, why should thc owner, or
owners, not be allowed to purchase
their .supplies, of whatever kind, in
thc cheapest possible market? Thc
present system cf property, which
not only makes it possible for one
man or set of men to obtain posses-
si. m of the means upon which all
men depend for their living, but
makes it absolutely inevitable that
such result should be reached, is declared to bc sound by thc great mass
of the people. Thc vast majority of
thc working people, the very one*
who suffer under it, approve of the
present system of property and sustain, protect and defend it with unstinted loyalty and devotion at the
polls, by electing the tools and henchmen of capital to thc various offices
of government, there to use all the
organized powers of the state to perpetuate their exploitation and misery.
True, thc workers commit this folly
throng- ignorance, If they once
understood the game that i* played
upon them; if they once realized the
position they occupy under  the rule
Industrial fore*,, »0 ih-UhTj^
perform their proper fin,,,;'' ^-J
aiding society to still lurth„Z*
and blossom into a hiaher *,» i. ^
civilization^ If th. work,.?!?*
discover of their own accord ths"
of action to  follow  in
themselves  free from
■'d*[ lu „,
ploitation. aud by Vo dom?S. *
cicty itself from the iiffioSLS
and  moral   gangrene th-*< "•
11   --1H1J
away its vitals at present, • ,    ,
economic fortes, working throd_h__
man agencies will compel 1]  " ,'
.0. ••*'■"(!!)
Some union men discover , 1 *
own volition, that thc caw. 2 25
misery   as  wage-earnen  arise. 1
thc very fact of their being   »T
earners  in  the first  .,:.„,   ',,   *W
wage-earner is the  logical' *__«-_
of the chattel slave and uWZ
that he is merely the modem *|_
with a modern title; thai „■ e,^
his status  in human society ii .,
same as that of the one-iinw dJd
slave or feudal serf and ! • it yu*
this position because thr reJoarcM IS I
the earth and the mach ■..■ ■■, „j    " I
duction upon which .ill ■,,.,,' ,„ , *
mon depend for their ku_,ttnaiie__
not the property of all men io rl
mon, but  is capital, 1   e., a ion _
property that enables a pari of L,
community, who p--.,    ..   IWS(fJ J
enslave and exploit the balance 0w#  ',
learning thin, it doe.   ,, 1 take h.n
long to discover by wlui mramtS
owner* maintain Iheii ownmbhi >^
consequent mastery ovei tht -orkm
or   non owners.      ||r   di«covera 1^
means to be thc modern »ute, thr «•. :
ganized power oi repression, tbt hii
grown up along with the pretest in,
tern of property,  (or  1  ,   pur-
defending   it  against  the attack  <rf
those   who   would   inl,-.'.,.'   .,
development or threaten its
Outside of quelling insignificant An. '
titrbance*. and settling triflnf   fa.
pules that  may. and do •craiiiooa"-
ly, arise between conflicting capital.
ist interests, the iolc function of Ac
capitalist Mate is tc ho d thi exploits'
victims of capital in *ut-*cc!i»*- ■
mercile**  exploitation      S unc uni.*
men  learn  all  this     * •'■ ml   add
forced to run the gamut ol all the fet.
ter experiences of defeat
to the last and most
the forcing of the "open -h'p"
Tho*e who will not learn the !«.
son that way (trill l><   ■ •      10 i.-^
f capital; if they were to awaken to   the thorny path to i'>.
knowledge  of  their    power    were   after the Crow's \r*!  I'a     I  oil
and similar coikcmiv havi   :■-ir-ycd
the last   bulwark oi then
thev  will  he oompelli !        re   Ac
road that lead* b   thi -.
their cla»».   The compaim
them    from    their    '.>■!     bulwtfa
whether they know il art li
very insiriimctits um d 1 —.ipel (**
dullest working man I .-• in Ac
right direction
I-et thc miners of ihr i ro*
now get right down 1
the  r ght  lines.     Th< -   thi;
backs the employing
tion of mastery over t!>> m tn
fellows el*ewhrrr, h.>. mc bttt
located  in  thc    legi*.lm -<     „
and judicial chamber* ■' ; .nctitl
An election wi1'  *
thc   company   has   n"»
they but to move together for a common pm pose, thc capitalist system
and its brutal and race destroying
scheme of robbery and rapine would
bc brought speedily to an end.
The trade union line of action ha*
failed of its purpose. With thc
' open (hop*1 it ha* been driven from
its last intreiH hnient      lt is routed.
There is a line of action, however,
which working men can follow—that
can but lead to victory. Before this
line of action can be made clear tt
is necessarv to understand the reason
for it. This reason springs from entirely different premises than those
from which lhe trade unionist ha*
made   his  deduction*. The  trade
unionist does not nutstioa the capital-
i-t owner-hip of industry. He lay*
out   his   line   of  action     accordingly
Having   no  indictment   of   capital   lo j *•»< l»"  in  the  mine,  ni <'»
start with, the iiecrisity of breaking
it- baneful sway never occurs to him
His sole ambition is to soften the
rigrr of ils rule. In spite of thc
fact that he heroically expend* hi* energy along this line he is driven back
step by step until in Ins last cxtrrni
ity hc finds himself confronted by tbe
sign of "open shop" He has reached thc end of his trade union* teiher
Hither hc must attain to a clearer
conception of thing*; either he mu*t
arrive at a more complete understand
ing of what it is that U forever driv
ing him closer and closer tc the wall,
either he must, in short, grasp the
real labor problem, and it* solution,
or sink to great depths of misery and
despair than ever ingulfed hi* chat
tei slave or feudal serf predecessor*
of bygone centuries.
The economic forces that develop in
the bosom of human society work in
"most mysterious way* their wonder*
to perform." These force* are today ••cribbed, cabined and confinrd.'"
by the "capitalist integmrnt"—that
prevents their free play and development. It is an awakened working
elasa alone that can break that "in-
tegmncnt" asunder and *ct free those
Ne*t, tbe  miners f*.n  r
(ban even by cstab'i'h ng
parliament   al   Victoi "i'i  >'">
political henchman •!   hm
Ihe Hemic ridini*
First anas liar.       Kan-Vent Itooms.
l-tlcns Moderate.
HARDWARE and       ■
; Second Hand Oealer \
A large and varied a *
sortment of   ll< ■''" •" ! x
Cook    Stoves,    al    '■■ ' X
rock price* ♦
Boom Chain, and I/ft       ♦
gcrs' Tooh a Specially.        ♦
New Iron  Bed*   from      !
§3.50 up. ♦
Hardware, Junk and Furniture. *
Practical But
•sd Shot Mi»*
Hsn<|.Ms.tr Bonti am! thet
•II styles H'imimm* |,o '"I
ly ouu*.     Mis*   nf  >(a|il<
Mrarsslwsys ■»» I"""1
MMWMMMtsMva.      *w" *****
State Headquarters, Socialist Party of
2305 i-2 Pacific Ave., Tacoma, Wash.
The lack of definite election news
from the Socialist point of view is a
demonstration of the lack cf organization in the Socialist party.
Until we can do the things necessary to our information, protection
and progress, we should not lay claim
to being organized.
Propaganda must take a subordinate position until wc learn to function
or else a reaction will set in, and wejwitS 'laughter.   "Thy mirth-nrovokinii
The annual convention of the
American Federation of Labor opened in Minneapolis on Tuesday, Nov.
i.r About 400 delegates were present.
The executive council report, among
others, outlined the new political policy of the Federation, and recommended that labor should neither
form a political pauy of its own nor
become the tool of either of thc present parties, but should adhere to the
wicked policy of thc revolutionary
"Samuel," of "rewarding friends and
punishing enemies," irrespective of
which political party puts them forward. Oh, mighty Federation! Oh,
implacable Samuel G.I S tall wonder that the tyrants and rulers of our
time  tremble upon their thrones —-
shall then have our difficulties multiplied many times.
Many of the comrades in all parts
proclivities arc enough to rip the buttons from a Scotch Presbyterian deacon's vest.
-I'KOMIT 8A*,r-*a -
Ctpr. Abbott A Cordova SU. Old Coo. Building
COKE is an excellent fuel for grates, Jiall   atoves. furnaces and
cooking atoves, making a clean, bright fire without smoke or dirt.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.


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