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The Western Clarion Dec 23, 1905

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 1    .^U-W-1-'" ■ *-**-*■-*,,
*■#* V
_ ^* •/*.»"*.*      y-_  _k_     1 ri rt -.- _—-*
•5     DEC 2 r 1905
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday,   December 23,1905.
Subscription rrlc*  Ai Aft
Put Y«__ W.UU
M Soclall-m, Thi Maitaen ol Thi Jewa, Tha Unemployed aid Thi God-
Fearing Middle Clan Touchid Upon by Winnipeg Scribe.
|0ia)iBt movement is making
I |,so felt in the politics of many
,sc M pj to cause the greatest
. mii 1,1 Hi" ruling class. The
piracy ol silence adopted by the
to 11 large extent,   broken.
Th'' *'"''
ht! '■ ■
»ho inoM-ii"'"
wil in
t can no long-
l,tt. tin- eyes
li u, Kussia
v    Ignored,    especially
of tho world have law-n
the King's daughter, is a sign that
the starving workers look upon such
idle parasites us being the cause of
their misery. lt is possible that
they do not clearly sue the connection between cause und eliect, but
thu Socialist propagandist is not
idle and tin- in mils of thu workers,
not yet accustomed to such dire
struits, are receptive, lt looks us
if, at least, there is to be progress
mads towards un aggressive Socialist movement in England, one thut
shall pul fear into the hearts uf lhu
vumpire  capitalist.    May  it  be so.
*     ^      *
I.iuh Henry Somerset in describing tho mui'ili of the wives und
duughti-rs of tin- I .(.union unemployed to the West Krid for the purpose
of demanding work und bread draws
a parallel between this march of women und thut other inarch thut occurred    from I'uiis to Versailles   in
  _   1780,  u little more thun three years
""free""ii'■>' Italian Socialism of og- j before the king, who refused to lis-
_jan'against an oppressive land ) ten to then, lost his life owing to
whUe in Kussia what is styled jthe fatuous belief that he could con-
i_ialis_i Is displaying itself in a , tinue to fool a starving people. La-
'""' ii.uiliy.       Surely    the I dy    Somerset     finishes    with these
the homu of thu
h revolutionary proletariat. Tho
'• I distorted, unreliable and gen
\ misleading and is twisted by
i,|lsi apologists into arguments
■jjvor ol capitalism,
Pro'eMor Ooldwfn Smith, ft capi-
,hs, ftpologisl well vetm* In soph*
Zm oi nil kinds, writing recently
'„,,•- that German Socialism seems
' consist mainly ot opposition to a
" "Wi- system from which a sociul
Baervetivo might ec/ually. desire to
tunli-ruiis ^^^^^^^^^
urn.'il piofessor Knows the above
11, (also; surely he knows that thu
lodalist platform is thu some the
Arid over, differences being merely
1 tactics. If lie. does not know this
lis Ignorant ol the movement hois
fccrylng with nil the strength ol his
porgpois soul, If he does know it,
1 js dishonest.
a      •      •
I Mr Smitli Knows full well that «he.
ouiands ol .lews who have recently-n   massacred    in  Kussia owe
eir death to the Ignorance and tuu
iiiy ei the most  oppressed of the
Wiari slaves,  egged on,  it is     al-
wl certain, by the authorities; lie-
re a Russian,  or  a citizen of   any
her country, enn  liecoine a Social-
!, h'- must   have at least  sullicient
lirhterunenl   to   know   thnt  he  has
quarrel  with  a  fellow  wage-slave
sp.tisf he is a  .lew.     Tlie capital-
press has  itself  admitted     more
ar.   nine,     thai   it   is  the   loyalist
iai performs  these atrocities.     Mr.
nuth knows,     ton,     that   thu   Cos-
who ride down  and  kill    men
m noineii    for daring to assemble
lho    glrt-f-ts,     are  nol   Socialists.
ml if    a      Cossacks    und  other
Bih in lhe employ of the murder*
11- autocracy huve been killod by
lie revolutionists, is it not in deem uf life and of that lilierty
hirh Mr Smiih professes to hold
dear?        Like   other   humbugs     of
"Utoprol"   type,  Mr.  Smith     is
y gracious  to  the  working   class
long n1-  ils  aspirations are     coned within    the capitalist horizon.
it si 1 soon ns thc    workers    show-
mis o( activity without such nrt.iv-
y being blended   with  a  proper  re-
|anl fm-  I,miller  capital,   no     argu-
Hil is i,,ii asslnine or misrepresen-
ii»n   too    flagrant    to    be used
npinsi Uiem,
•     •     •
Hie unemployed problem in Eng-
■kI is constantly growimg more
I'li'c uml tlireutens to agitate con-
l.erobly tho placid waters of capi-
fJi-i lalsscz faire in that country.
«<■ hooting of tho Duchess of Pile,
words: Whut will stir thu rich to
lUltlon? What will move the capitalist? What will awaken thu arisito-
crucy? I grieve to say I think, but
one     word—fear. The  instinct  of
self-preservation may make them
move, Irtit unless they ure really
aroused now to the imminent danger
arising from these masses of underfed, ill-housed working iieople, they
will tn- rudely shaken from their
BlUmbers before Very long. This is
how the winter of 180S is dawning
on London, In the east there i.s the
low threatening rumble whieh portends sociul upheaval; in the west,
thu roll of carriages, the hoot of the
luot'or cut, the happy Voices of thos^
who seek enjoyment and who realize
as little as did the inhabitants of
Pompeii that the great crater is at
work and that the luvn of indignant
protest   may overflow.
ln 11 lecture on "Making a Nation," delivered recently, the Rev.
.lohn'MoNeill said that it would be
found that the social and political
life of a nation was always .-.trt-n|-Vh-
ened and purified and invigorated by
the development of a vigorous, intelligent. God-fearing, industrious
middle-class. Methinks the middle
class would have to become vigorous and industrious indeed if the
working class were to 1»- subtracted
from tho social edifice. Thc members of the working class, now us
always, supply themselves with the
scanty subsistence and furnish the
middle clnss with luxuries of every
description, nnd the members of lhu
middle dass, liy which the reverend
gentleman ol course means tho manufacturers, traders, and that horde
of hlood-snekers called investors, use
their vigor, Intelligence and .industry
in perpetuating such a delightful
stute of things. The God-fearing
illutlity does not appear to be neces-
snrv on the part of the labor-skinners, but no douht the lecturer merely used the expression as a shibboleth of his trnde, or n kind of makeweight   ns  it   were.
In the issue of Oct. 19th, of tho
"'-Claresholm Review," wu read an ar-
tirle from tho Calgary "Eye-Open-
ur." It contains statements not
only worth copying in that issue bViti
justifying even another repitition, as
—"An innocent minded man is prone
to Imagine that the great crops rais-l
ed this year in the west will result
in thu marked lowering of the cost
of Hying    to    the    consumer,    Hut
t.lu-ro will bu no lowering. Not on
vour life." We rise to inquire what
benefit the salaried workiir, or any
worker, it might have added, derives from good times and periods
of prosperity. His pay remains stationary. His rent, coul, clothes,
meat inn11 groceries remain the same
if, indeed, they do not rise, (and thu
farmer, as a worker, receives less for
his grain ut such limes, it might be
added.) And again thu article says:
"Puzzle over political proWoras as
you will, thu chief desideratum is re-
duction in thu cost of living. It is
of fur more importance than the separate school mix-up, the retention
of lahds and minerals and the location of thu capital. (Jet down to
the needs of your own fireslide and
elect men who will favor such legislation as will increase the purchasing power of the dollar vou toll
for." It goes on to show that the
prices in Calgary aru enormously
high and double those in Edmonton,
a city further up the line from where
goods aru brought. Wu would ex-
|iect tho opposite. It shows that
the cause of reduced prices in Edmonton is thu impending railroad
competition. A new road is just
finished int(, that city from the south
east. The Q.P.R. is trying to keep
much of the transportation into Edmonton from this road b.v reducing
so low its own rates. The article
in conclusion explains that ns that
competition has reduced the cost of
li.inp in Edmonton, inviting thu
liiiilding another branch from I.eth-
bridge to Calgary will mean the reducing of living expenses in Calgary.
'•Here's a remedy," it says, "for
high prices, and possibly the only
To the man who can set; farther
ahend than next month or next year
I would like to suggest that this
present condition of oxhot'bitant
prices for goods to, lie consumed and
low returns for man's labor is certainly remediable but that the railroad competition proposed is not
only not the remedy, but it is not o
remedy at all. It is only a pallia,
live, soothing drops, laudanum. It
muy. probably will, allay thu pain
a little while, but you know nnd I
know nil too well, it does not cure.
Funny isn't it how we'll hang on to
old things so long after they are
worn out. We have long known
ihat competitors will not compete.
As far back as 1871 a committee
was appointed in F.ngland to find
how railroads could be kept, from
combining, nnd its report was: "No
means have yet been devised by
which competition can lie maintained." We certainly are no nearer
finding how to keep them competing
today than then. The railroads,
together with the other large industries in America. long ago saw thc
folly of competition  and  now    coih-
A sraiulnl nt qttlte unusual charac-
Ifr shows to what lengths the capi-
-lis! pillars of society arc reudy to
to discredit   measures  which     go
lainsi  their  private  interests.    Thu
IMionallsation of tlie Italian Rnil-
*»)'s lias, for example, been a bit-
'r pill lor many of these gentry
'"i formerly looked on thu railways
11 gold mine. Now recently, the
faiiwuy management, driven to des-
*'r hy the high prices they    were
tOmpolled to pay for coal briquettes
I tho local manufacturer, a very
"'■* -nan In Naples, determined to
".- 'Iii-iii direct, from Englnind. The
l»|nlnlisi thereupon tried to buy the
||"'«l "-nrfno-drlvors to refuse to work1
T« English brlojuettes. (ine of the
p-nm-drueis     took     thu     proffered
r-i'1' it wo payments of no francs),
Pn" having secured his evidence, dc-
■"■■incwl ii„. capitalist t„ the Cham-
• ol Labor, and also to the au-
Jwlties of the railways. Tlie lat-
sw arc proceeding against thu em-
"•'"'• fm- bribery, and it is expect-
"' "mi the trial will bring to light
*py „f ,,u. hi(lden ,hin-H of   dark.
s-  ,  As the employer in (Question
a pillar of the parties of law and
tiiuil' °"'' fri,'mIs *-av'' a «ood    ux-
PJ (or their propaganda,   It says
""""ni; for the character of these
^''•-drivers that they should have
I 8°a n bribe which, for poor, bad-
' PaW men was no doislilt a very ihi-
,| V And yet people say that So-
*.':"■ 'gnoros ethics and mural
hnn T' VVnv Socialism d(K-s more
j  n W   the ethical  societies or   rc-
11,,"ls  lies in tho world, and far
■ "'an oven  thu hell-fire parsons
uq  to  make men  moral.     It
a moaning and content  to the
Poiyerhj*  bond or all—the   feel-
essential  solidarity   of
"ml   mankind is  a   social
•'"ni    whith  the individual
"I.os Angeles, Cal., Tec 6.—At a
public reception In his honor last
night Lieutenant General and Chief
of Staff Adnu R. Chaffee, of the L'n-
ited Stutes army, predicted that the
lnited States will again go to war.
This prediction was made in Qeneral
Chaffee's address regarding the work
of the army.    Ho said:
"Gentlemen, wur will conic again.
There aru plenty of men in this
room who will see our country at
wnr again. Not on our own soil,
perhaps; you must remeniher thut we
have now become one of the nations
of the earth. We have great interests to defend.
When that war conies wc must be
intelligently prepared for it.
vModern war is not what, wariusedi
to be, No one is now fitted to coin
man.d troops who is not a scientific and well-trained man. Modern
war must be scientifically treated to
save human life.
"The Japanese nro n  military ix-o-
plu, but wo are not
on   with     milit,,.,.    ,.
they do. but we should be ready for
Chaffee is not gifted with a prophetic vision '  ~   ""'""
pete only until the competing lines
are in good working order and the
easily befooled public is in full enjoyment of the results of cutting
prices and then slyly or openly, law
or no law, the roads form un agreement or one buys the other out,
competition is no more and rates are
brought back again to all the traffic
will bear, which is always such as
to ki>ep the farmer and small merchant und thu consumer kick.nn—of
course,   without eliect.
Further, Jim Hill, who will enjoy
In-big invited in to build a (•(•nipet-
iritf road, is no amateur ;,t '.he combining business either. He oscoinu
out always on top even in 'he hig-
gest bout of all, that with 1 he strenuous Teddy of the States. lie remarks that before the President led
thu onslaught to bust that trust,
"i'one piece of paper showed the amalgamation of three railroads, now
three pieces of paper Hhow the same
union of interests." They aoo bound
to unite because it is to their interest to do so. Whether the railroads
are the government, or only run thu
government, does not matter, the
proof remains that government does
not exist which succeeds in comnel-
ling railroads to compete.
Why, then, if it can't lie done to
last any time at all shall we waste
any time with the soothing drops
when a cure is at hand. Own our
own railroads. Be Jim Hill himself.
liPt us altogether, as workers, secure for ourselves those profits which
he and the C.P.R. and all other
roads put into their private purses.
And not only make publicly owned
the railroads, but all the industries
which are run for profit, for if wc
don't own them all the privately
owned ones will annul the. benefits of
those publicly owned. For instance,
thc U. S. post'offlce is absolutely
burglarized by the railroads which
charge it such unusual and unjust
rates for carrying mails that we see
little ln-nefit indeed in the public
ownership of that post office. Socialists advocate OWNERSHIP RY THI-*
With no railroads or industry of
any sort demanding profit, including
rent and interest, the men and women who do the work of thu world,
must receive the full social value
of their work. There can be nothing left for the man who now clips
coupons. Under Socialism, and we
know it is THE REMEDY, it will
pay the fanner to raise grain as it
barely does now, with elevator trust
and railroad companies and middlemen to demand profit. How would
vou like n share in the profits of the
C.P.R? How would the C. P. R.
magjnates enjoy breaking sod or
keeping books in an office?
Competition is always wasteful.
When railroads stop that waste by
combitvinp. when Jim Hill buys the
C.P.R. or the C.P.R. buys the Canadian Northern that combined company will have maintained a loss
by two roads having been built
where one could haive done' the work.
But vou and 1 will have to stand
that loss, soe? I,ut us be wise enough to ahlolis-h our competitive system of running things and institute
co-oper'atiion under which railroads
will l»e built nnd run for USE, and
not for PROFITS.
Crlticizei White CMIIuUm, Bat Declarei Thst CfclM WHI Bmmm Omt Mm|
Iim LIms.
At thu conference on Immigration,
by thu National Civic Federation at'
New York recently, Ny Poon Chew,
a highly educated Chinaman of San
Francisco, wns one of those who addressed the gathering. During his
tulk he blurted out a few facts for
his auditors to chew over, which
seems to bu quite the fashion among
our celestial pig-tailed brethren, lt
seems that Ny Poon, like many of
his countrymen, does not altogether
appreciate tho superlative excellence
of oun glorious civilization. According to an exchange, Mr. Chew said
in part, as follows:
"According to the ideas of thu
civilization of this twentieth century
a nation has no right except what
she can enforce by might. There-
lore,  according    to this idea,  we of
you condemn us. for not helping, to>
solve the race suicide problem. Yoi|.
claim ta_t we send money out of tha
country to China. This is not so.
We send goods. Every Aineiicuii (
dollar is worth a dollar in the United States, while it is worth Wit 4?
cents in China. Therefore we send
■»ood8. I have been here twenty-flvu
years. All my interests are here,
all my property; 1 pay taxes. I
have raised a family of five children,
and yet should I leave the country
1 would never bc able to return to
this land of liberty and human progress. Four years ago I went to
Niagara and wanted to pass ovei-
the suspension bridjfe and look at
those magnificent Falls from the
Canadian side. I «-as accompanied
by an official of the government what
thu Chinese nation have no right   to i when we reached the middle of    the
enter until we have the might to demand oq_al treatment with other
countries. China Is preparing now
to be able some of these days to be
a great nation, so as to kill the
largest number of men in a given
time with the least expense to herself, and then and not till then will
she bc looked upon as a great nation. The man who kills a thousand men is almost worshipped as a
hero, while the poor devil who killB
but one man is executed as a murderer. Thero is no ground to sustain the objections raised to the Chinese. Of course we have Chinese
people of b_d character, we have
gamblers and we have opium-smokers. If I were a woman and my hus-t
band insisted on taking something I
would rather he took opium than
whiskey. Whiskey raises thc passions which transform a man into
a brute; opium transforms him into
a living corpse. The American filled with whiskey comes home and
kicks his wife. The Chinaman under
thc influence of opium goes home and
his wife kicks him. You Americans
are all angels and we Chinamen are
only half angels and half devils, a
combination which you call human.
The most striking objection to the
Chinese is that we do not assimilate
Assimilate, humbug! You do not
give us the chance. You throw every conceivable obstacle in our way.
On  the Pacific  Coast you forbid   us
to intermarry and at the same time   tions."
bridge drew a line and said to me,
'If you cross this line you shall be a
Canadian whether you want to oi*
not.' I said, 'No, I'd rather be a
Chinaman even in the United States'
I edit a paper turned out by yellow men, but we yellow men turn
out a white paper and many whit*
men turn out a yellow paper. It is
almost as impossible for a China,
man to enter the United Statee a*
it is for a rich, fat American millionaire with all his money on his,
back to 'climb to heaven through a.
fire escape. I have in my pocket a'
letter from a friend of mine, a graduate of Yale university, who, after-
teaching in Singapore for three,
years desired to return to the United States and was detained for
one month in the detention sheds,
and then deported. We want better-
men at the head of the inspectors.,
not those pig-headed, oyster-brained
officers which you now have. These
officials who deported this educated
Chinaman could none of them have-
written such a letter—such fluent
diction, such perfect rhetoric, such
command of the English. It is
most unwise'that you should by this
unjust discrimination create the antagonism of a country naturally,
friendly.1 Human and awakened China will soon become powerful and
mighty and will demand, ten or fifteen years hence, the -same, treatment that  is     accorded     other   na-
The Socialists in the German Parliament in criticizing Germany's foreign policy have rather more than
hinted that "Kaiser Bill" was inclined to be a disturber of the
peace and to hunker after war. ln
replying to this criticism, Von Rue-
low proves "Dill" to be a -"erit-njle
lumb of peace by a clipping fioiu a
newspaper which reads ' Emperor
William has no warlike plans." This
"Trades unions are striving, to
create, to organize and to direct,
an intelligent discontent in the
minds of every working man ami*
woman, not for the purpose of t«k-*
ing from the employers that which
belongs to the employers, but for
the purpose of procuring for the
workers that which belongs to. those
1 who toil.    That end can only be at-
fhe Tempest ot Revolution Has Broken Upon Russia, aad a Pitiless War is to
Be Waged.
is,   of course,  Viury   convincing   evidence,  that  is,   presuming     (icrinan   tained   by   a   thorough   organization,
""""spapors to be as devoted to the   of all who earn Uieir bread by   the
We do not get
military  preparatiohs ^as
The  Jewish  Revolutionary Bund in
their appeal to tbe Hussion proletar-
The cause
.at,  recently  published  in  the  Euro-
poen (Paris),    announce "Death   or
Victory" as their war-cry.   They declare that the tempest of revolution
has at length   broken   upon Russia;
that a bloody and pitiless war is te  further:
lie Waged;   that   the cause  of liberty I     "We.     the   reprosontatives   of   the
»      •        -    .. — -a  I    T„...;„u        , !___       l
terror  reign everywhere
of liberty is imperiled."
The revolutionary activity of the
Jewish proletariat is next dwelt
upon. The Jewish working class
has always been foremost in the
fight for  liberty and  life.    To  ojuote
is in danger; but they declare thut
the air of liberty has been at last
breathed bv thu people and that they
are sure of success.    To cfuotc:
•'The tempest of a great revolution has burst forth in Russia and
is sweeping from one end of the
country to the other. Its majestic
course' rs   followed   by   a  sanguinary   .
and  pitiless wnr,  such as has     been I iriiard  Of the revolutionary  stn.Wle.,
stirred up by  thu violence of    blind j encountering    the    most  deadly  at,
Jewish working classes now struggle for liberty, of that, proletariat
of - nation which hus been more oppressed thun an.V other, have for
somo time contemplated thu idea of
pursuing our struggle for liberty by
armed resistance against thc hired
assassins of Czarism. The Jewish
proletariat has always led thc van-
to see a coming war
The, very system under which wu
38 breeds war as naturally as de-
Ine of   th.
•l"n|i" . ,,'s,'•'","•  or cut   himself olT
r   "• AHli"w.  in  Justice.
m,.r -try potentate of the United
vm mui
composing ('anion breeds disease.
When our markets arc glutted with
what, is commonly called "over production," the military '"big stick"
will lie used to force weaker nations
to relieve our congested home market. The United States is fightinu;
for commercial supremacy and our
machines of physical force will suil
the seas to promote tho Interests of
our magnates in the realms of busi
The horny-handed son of toll, who
has no business, will bo expected to
leap  from his hovel of poverty   and
the fighting. F«»^Tw"oS
t0 T Xre    PaSot-    can ui.ench
uitib-in.    .■*".'■'     '.'V,,,,,,
•A- «*4i_8t___r "** 3-&SS5 Jwa*.
reactionaries operated in a country
which for centuries has struggled in
the iron grip of autocracy. Thc party of reaction aru mobilizing them
forces. The expiring regime has allied Itself with thu refuse of society.
Thu Government organizes and arms
these blinded outcasts, who. worthy
of their instigators, nre bent on a
savage  and   murderous  struggle."
A vivid general description is civ-
en of the cruel massacres attributed
to the "brute" Trepolf, as a leading
French journal styles him. ln the
word-'" Of the appeal:
"The roar of musketry resounds in
tho streets of Russian cities. Victims without, numbers bestrew the
soil. Blood flows in torrents, Czarism once more has recourse to its
favorite instrument of government.
Tho massacres of Jews are carried
on to such an extent that all the
crimes of Cz-arism in the past dwindle into insignificance and arc eclipsed bv these new excesses of ferocity.
The 'Black Gongs,' protected by the
troops, encouraged by the authorities, under the supreme direction of
TrepolT, systematically slaughtered
in cold blood the Jewish poimlation
of Russia. The Jewish quarters in
many cities a>o totally devastated.
Cities aro in flames.     Anarchy   and
find tho following:
tucks of its implacable foes. Al this
moment, when C/nrism rages against!
us with unheard-of ferocity, the nuod
for revolutionary self-defense conies
home to us moro keenly than ever.
In defending ourselves we work for
tho revolution, our struggle for life
is a struggle for liberty, And all
who love the cause of liberty should
hasten to our assistance."
The revolution, indued, tho apiieal
continues, has actually come, and
the revolutionists arc confident of
success. 'They invite others to join
their desperate resolve, "Death or
Victory." The Central Committee
of the Bund signs the proclamation,
which concludes as follows:
•"-The hour of revolution Has struck
We catch a glimpse of victory—par-
tinl it may be, but still victory.
The dawn of a now life has come.
Wc have breathed tho air of liberty,
and whut we have won by the sacrifice of thousands of our nation, we
know how  to defend und  keep.
"Our war-cry is "Heath or Victory.' We are confident of victory;
we have faith iu our coming triumph, and we appeal to all who,
likie ourselves, thirst for liberty; we
invite them to come to our assistance in this hour of trial. "—-_4tor|ary,
truth as arc those printed .ipon this
side of    the   water.       Von Rue-low
cruelly adds that the reason so many,
Englishmen believe Germany to be a
disturber    of     the peace is   because
of tho violent speeches of the Socialists.     It will thus be seen thnt the
"War lord" is the man of paace, and
the professed advocate of iiuuce,   the
Socialist,   is  the  one  that  thirst_th
for trouble and much blood and gore.
•   ■
The Idaho Tribune is    in    receipt
of a letter from a miner in the employ of the Federal Mining Company
complaining about the "grub"    provided    at    the  company's  boarding
house.    "The beef and bacon are so
ran'v that thc muckers are ashamed
to lot>k a cow or a hog' in ttte face."
If thu muckers are not to blame for
the "rank"  state of the "beet    and
bacon," they    are in no way guilty
of having wronged thc "cow or the
hog."    Thc matter should be reported to the Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals in order that,
the guilty ones may bo brought   to
thu bar of justice before tho bovine
and porcine reputation is blasted beyond    repair.     The muckers   should
not.  be  bothering  about  "rank   beef
and  bacon."       They  should   attend
strictly and conscientiously   to     thc
delivery    of    perfectly sound   laibpr-
power to the company land leave the
case of the "cow and hog" to those
more competent to defend them. The
compuny has a perfect right to feed
them (the workers)  on anything    lt
chooses.    If they do not like it, the?
need not eat it.       This is perfectly
fair and should  be satisfactory     to
both company and workmen.
John Mitchell says that 500,000
coal miners will go on strike on April 1, 1900, unless they get an increase in wages. Thc greasy John |
will take due pains to see that this
army of men does not use its power
along the lino of working class interest politically, lf they did, they
could absolutely control the State
of Pennsylvania, and thus be in a
position to afford themselves some
protection in the matter of making
their living. It matters little it
Mitchell and his type aro unconsciously playing Into the hands of
Capital by keeping their dupes to a
line of action absolutely futile. Their
work is quite as effective as though
purposely done.
The workingman M-ilh a *>'e ond
three or four children llv'Jkg i.n $7
l>ui- week, affords an iXCftUept illus-
trutiou of the "strenuous life."
sweat of their face."—--line Workers'
The workers are now getting that,
which belongs to them under the exn
isting form of property in the means,
of  wealth  production.     Those     fortunate enough to have employment,
are getting upon the average enough
to exist upon, and by virtue, of   tha
continual downward pressure exerted
upon the labor market by the   surplus labor  available,  they  are    receiving valuable education along tha.
line of meekness,  docility,  frugality
and the simple life.    Those who are
not employed  are getting a generous
per capita of hunger, misery and degradation.     Ail hands will • continue
to get what is coming to thorn,    so
long as the rank and file can, be led,
to believe  that employers have any
rights whatever that they are bound
to respect in the last analysis. That
which now belongs to the employer*
Is the    right to exploit the slaves.
So lonjj as they are left secure ih U*4
possession of thnt right,  the   conditions of    the    slaves must continue
from bad to worse.
George F. Boer, President of the
Reading Railroad has discovered
that "Cain,was the first striker and
he killed Abel because Abel was the
more prosperous follow." lf Abel's
"more prosperous" condition was at-<
tained b.v the practice of the art'of
latW-skinnirtg along lines at all
similar to those which have lilted
Boer, and his fellow capitalist scalawags into their present prosperous
state, Cain may be excused for losing his temper and doing a bit ol
killing. It is enough to make even
a Christian mad, and report hath it
that Cain was not a Christian. There,
is no danger, of Geo. F. being killed,
though, regardless of his prosperity.
His cast-iron gall would ward ol.
any missile that might bo hurled at
It is tho machinery of production
that compels the industrial organi-
z-ution of the workers. Economic
orguniz-ntion is expressed in the
great industrial establishments, factories, mines, railways, etc. The
capitalist owners of these are tho
masters of economic power. Production can be carried on only for their
profit. As thu machinery'of production compels industrial or<g1nnir.atton-
and action, so will it compel political organization anil action of the
workn-rs for the purpose of   breaking
.the economic    rule of the capitalist
I class,  	
i"    i
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The Western Clarion
Published every Saturday ln the
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SATURDAY, DEC. 23, 1905.
Assertions made and facts brought
out at the sessions of the national
child lsftor committee in Washington
will have a startling effect upon
many who had supposed that, after
continued agitation on the subject,
the evil of child labor had been to a
large ex V_t eliminated from the industrial field. Humanity cries out
against the employment of young
children in occupations that keep
them at work all day, too often in
close and ill ventilated rooms, and
amid surroundings that are physical-'
ly, socially and morally ruinous.
But, with some employers the greed
for wealth is too powerful to be affected by humane considerations.
The same spirit which loads some
men to the corrupt .and extravagant
use of place and money in order that
they may swell their bank accounts
or increase their power and gratify
dishonest ambition is at work among the employers of child lalior and
among the parents of the children
and the children themselves. It is
the same everlasting, iniquitous subordinating of all thc better impulses
and characteristics in man to the
one great desire that is bringing discredit upon so many in the American commercial and financial world.
It is earnestly hoped that the committee which has been discussing and
investigating the child labor problem may devise some means and put
some machinery into operation that
will effect a cure of this national
malady. The conditions, cf course,
are worn in the crowded industrial
centers, but they exist everywhere In
some degree, and it will need ."igbr-
ous action and constant watchfulness to effect a betterment.—Spokane
Everything is grist that comes to
for profit. Anything in the nature
of man, woman or child, out of
whose flesh, blood and bones this
profit can be ground is its legitimate prey. Capital is King, and so
long as it holds the throne by the
gracious permission of its loyal subjects, the slaves of labor, let no
treasonable voice be raised because
it wields the sceptre ot exploitation.
To King Capital belongs all the
Juice in the bodies of its subjects. It
has a perfect right to grind the father, the mother, and the children
even down to the babe in the cradle
into succulent profit out of which
ariseth the grandeur ot its kingdom
and the glory of its reign.
Slaves of labor, we entreat you to
be content with your lot. Be loyal
to the great and good King, under
whose benefk-ient reign the grand
achievements of our glorious civilization have been attained. Deliver
your bodies, and those of your wives
and children as a sacrifice upon the
altar of profit in order that King
Capital may smile graciously upon
Do not listen to the silly talk ot
the Spokesman-Review and other ridiculous ones who would lead you
to believe yourselves wronged while
moredy proving your loyalty to the
good King by offering up the whole
"Damn" family that his power and
glory may be increased. Be strong;
be patient; be submissive; be content, and be loyal.
It appears that the governments
of Europe are becoming greatly
alarmed at the turn events are taking in Russia. The remarkable vigor displayed by the proletariat of
that country ln its struggle against
the Czar's government, and the readiness with which it has devised
weapons to lie used for the purpose
of conquering its political rights,
has aroused the "tear that such vigorous example of class-solidarity and
power Will have a stimulating effect
upon the proletarians of other lands;
and induce them to uprise against
the rule of their masters. Already,
in Austria, the proletariat has manifested a renewed zeal in its forward
march, by a demonstration for -universal suffrage such as the world has
never seen before. From Germanv.
France, Italy and even sleepy Old
England, come indications showing
that the workers of these countries
arc watching with intense interest
the tragedy that is being played upon the Russian stage. Small wonder that the ruling class of these
various countries scent danger to
their rule in present Russian events.
It has been commonly supposed
that the Russian workingmen and
peasants as a result of ages of the
most brutal tyranny and oppression
that human ingenuity could devise,
having been held for so long in that
state of ignorance that alone conserves the interests of the autocratic Church and State, would be incapable of successfully rising and
striking an effective blow for their
freedom. The remarkable events of
the past few months have proven
these workmen and peasants to    be
made  of  material  that even centur-
the mill of capitalist production. Jh4L-^,    of    oppression could not crush.
is a welcome grist if profit can be
ground out of it easily and in large
volume. Child labor is an especially toothsome dish to capitalist property, as it ls cheap. Many places
ln the process of production can be
•s efficiently filled by children as by
adults. As the labor of the latter
can be obtained more cheaply than
that of the former, there is ample
reason why child labor should be
given the preference. The cheaper
the lalior the greater the profit accruing to the capitalist employer.
The    utilization of child labor   in
carrying on capitalist production is
undoubtedly    an    unmitigated    evil
from a moral or humane standpoint.
But it should not be condemned    by
reason of this.    Production   is   not
carried   on   for the purpose of complying    with     lofty conceptions   of
morals,    ethics or decency.     It    is
carried on for profit.    If a   greater
profit    will    result from the employment of child labor than from   that
of the adult labor,    most assuredly
ordinary     business     common   sense
would determine that it should    be
taken advantage of.    In fact to   refrain from so doing would   not.   be
business, but folly, and if persisted
in would entitle the person so doin-*
to the well-merited contempt of every sane business man in the   land.
And besides, were a capitalist to allow "humane considerarion" to warp
his judgment in such an all important matter as the purchase of lalior-
power necessary to operate his business, he would very soon go    broke,
and his privilege as a latyor-skjkiner
be usurped by others of the business
world who had sense enotlflh to leave
such "considerations" and other sen
11 mental nonsense to poets, dreamers
and other silly theorists.
Gegif* talist production is carried on
The swift and effective blows they
have struck in their own behalf, and
against the most appalling odds,
must prove an inspiring lesson to
the workmen of other countries in
showing the overwhelming power
possessed by the proletariat once it
is possessed of the courage to rise
and use it.
It looks at this moment as though
the Russian revolution must inevitably be the opening of a revolutionary epoch that will sweep all Europe. In sweeping Enrope it will
sweep the entire capitalist world, for
if the death.stroke be given to European Capitalism, it means the
speedy ending of it everywhere.
Well may the ruling class in the
various countries be alarmed, for the
signs presage the early ending of
their long-enjoyed privilege of
plundering the workers. The alarm
Into which the action of the Russian
proletariat has thrown them will be
Increased later on to a veritable terror, when the workmen of the other
European countries get busy along
the same line, which thev undoubtedly will.
Let the workers of this Western
Continent also closely observe the
Russian situation for the pnrpose of
profiting by the experience of the
Russian proletariat, should the time
come when it were necessary to resort to drastic action on this side
of the Atlantic.
_A11 honor to the Russian working-
men and peasants in their present
struggle for freedom. May they
win out so emphatically as to proclaim to tbe world that the 20th
century belongs to the working-class
and may the workers oi other laud-
speedily proceed to make good the
The dispatches coining in from
Russia all appear to bear the same
tenor. The moment for the final
struggle 'between the Russian autocracy and the proletariat is rapidly
approaching, and from present indications it appears that the latter
has the advantage with more than
a reasonable prospect of winning
out. One thing seems absolutely
sure. The autocracy will go down
and out, and whatever the government that will rise from its ruins
may be termed, it will be more pronouncedly suited to the political
needs of the proletariat than any
now existing. The present aspect of
things in Russia affords an opportunity to the virile, uprising political expression of the working class
to demonstrate to the workers of the
world thnt it alone is capable of
dealing with the problems that are
so insistently pressing for solution
upon thc people of all lands. That
the working class alone is able to
furnish the material and wisdom necessary for tho adjustment of social
and industrial institutions, so that
peace may prevail upon earth, and
the horrors of class rule be relegated
to the past.
Right nobly have tho Russian
workmen so far fought the good
fight against the most terrible odds
ever confronted by men. Every move
made, seems to have been the correct one under the circumstances,
showing those who have been entrusted with the responsibility of
directing the revolution to be of the
right stuff. It is said that great
movements produce the men to carry them out. Out of the ranks of
students and workmen hitherto unknown has come an army of heroic
men and women who have grappled
with the conditions of the hour in
Russia in a manner to excite the ad-?
miration of the world, and that
should and must prove a powerful
stimulus to urge on the revolution
in other lands, and develop thc ties
of class solidarity that shall in the
near future bring the workers of the
world into labor's common brotherhood.
In the day of final struggle between the Autocracy and Proletariat of Russia, may the latter emerge;
triumphant and henceforth mark
time for the proletarians of the
world in their struggle for complete
emancipation  from  the  tyranny     of
class rule.
 . -o	
The political strike is a method
of warfare to which Socialists not
only of Russia but everywhere look
forward to, but which those of Rus
sia are the first to make formidable.
It was well described by the St. Petersburg correspondent of the New
York Herald in his despatch of December 1. In reporting that the
Czar is once again face to face with
this "most modern weapon of terrorism" he explained:
■•"■The ordinary strike is one created by the workingman as against his
master.     The political strike means
an arbitrary,  absolute order by the
committee of the workmen's alliance
to all members of all trades, all occupations,  and callings of the country, to stop work.    Its object is by
paralj-ing the entire industrial   arteries of the country  simultaneously
to force the government into    obeying the   demands    of the workmen's
alliance.      To accomplish    its   ends
the       alliance       has     worked    out
a comUbnation so terrifying that the
world may well stand aghast at   it.
In fact, the workmen's alliance stops
at nothing    In its plan of campaj.-jn
when it comes into action.    Its political strike is nothing less than   to
prevent  life being livable.     It calls
upon the employes of railroads and
of factories, electricians,    engineers,
printers,    telephonists,  clerks,  waiters,     tramway and omnibus conductors, even droshky drivers,  and others to throw up work and to lie kl*e.-
—The Public.
One hundred and sixty-five members of the Master Plumbers' Association of Toronto, are being prosecuted in the Police Court of that
city, under conspiracy charges. And
some people claim that the Plumbers have a lead-pipe cinch in the ordinary way of carrying on the business. If such were the case it is not
easily seen why they should thus desert the straight and narrow path.
These alleged culprits are all either
Liberals of Conservatives it makes
no difference which.
The Great Northern is going to
make a vigjorous campaign for
freight and passenger "justness in the
sections of British Columbia which
it has already invaded with its lines!
Thus it may be seen that the capitalist is kept continually hustling in
order to make a living just like a
common "working plug." If Jim
Hill doesn't get a little moro business, he will not be able to got
through the winter without ctanding
We, the Socialist Tarty of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should justly belong. To
the owners of the means of wealth
production belongs the product ot
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; the worker
is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
lho capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an evcr-swcllin_ stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
tho alhiolition of thc wage system. Td
accompHSh this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in tho moans of wealth production Into collective or working-class
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker  is  rapidly  culminating  in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—tho capitalist to hold!
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation as rapidly
as possible, of capitalist property in
tlie means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of tho working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by tho workers.
8. Tho establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is abolished,
make the answer to this question its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the interests of
the working class and aid the1 workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist
Party is for It; if It will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Tarty pledges Itself to
conduct all tho public affairs placed
in its hands in such a manner as to
promoto the interests of the working class alone.
g»   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
'    Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spremacy, i.e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membershi,/1 hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political j arty', and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age         Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19	
 Chairman         Rec.-Sec.
Two men elaiiming to lie fanners
have been arrested for robifing thc
bank at Colby, Wisconsin, There
seems to he a deliberate attempt to
cripple individual "initiative" and
industry even under capitalism.
The. United States Congress is now
busy devising means of controlling
insurance companies and comiielling
their officials to bo honest. Did
some person remark that people cannot he made good by law?
The result of the recent municipal
election in Berlin, Germany, gave
the Socialists every seat in the City
Council except four, and the possibility of gaining even those on the
second ballot.
'lho Socialists of France aro busily engaged in preparing for the approaching elections for the Chamber
of Deputies. The election comes off
in May, 1906. It is expected thut
Socialist candidates will be run in
every district in the Republic.
the grocer off.
Tho Prussian government has been
asked to oppose thc efforts of tho
American Tobacco Company to eain
control of the tobacco trade in that
country. The small dealers are said
to be badly frightened. Later Dn wc
may expect to hear that they have
been scared to death altogether.
That is what has happened to the
small fry in many linos of industry
in the United States already.
By a dynamite explosion in on excavation for a building at Fifth Avenue and 34th Street, New York on
Dec. 19, six workmen were killed an<_
moro than a dozen injured, A rave-
in at the mouth of the tunnel lieing
built under tho East river, imprisoned two men, or possibly more.
Though 200 of their comrades are
digging against time In tho effort of
saving thoir lives, tho result is by
no means certain. No capitalists
were included in cither of thc above
 -o —
Throe Chicago banks and ono In
Denver go to tho wall. Tho depositors of the former, it is isaid, are to
be paid in full. The latter will receive something like ten cents on the
dollar. The moro wo know of banks
the more convinced we are of the
truth of the old saying, "tho fool
and his money aro soon parted."
The wise newspaper refrains from
offering its columns for the discussion of Socialism. The Minneapolis
Tribune, lacking wisdom, recently offered its columns for such purpose.
In the very next issue the editor con-t
fossed that so many articles had
been received that "we fear the public is getting tired of the discussion." It rather strikes us that tho
"tired feeling" was experienced by
the., editor .himself in jconsotfcj-mee of
the call-downs he received at the
hands of the capitalists whose instruments such sheets are.
Tho  regular  business •*■•»—**rat
thc Local did not iaka pbng
Monday evening owing to tlia
ihat ihe special meeting ceiled to
meet at 7.30, to nominate candi-
aates in the imiiiki|i-il elections took
up thc full time of the monitors, and
the consideration of the regular affairs of the Local was postponed to
Thursday, the -1st inst., at eioht
o'clock, p.m.
It was decided at the •special meeting to confine our nominations to
School Trustees only, Comrades A.
J. Wilkinson and Ernest Burns being thc two memlicrs chosen to represent us. A preamble setting forth
our demands, ro School management
wns adopted and will be published
after it is passed on by the Executive.
The I,oeal held a Social and dance
at Cedar Cove lost Friday cveninir.
and I avail myself 0f this opportunity to thank tho many friends who
helped to make it the success which
it was.    More anon.
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hy Kxperts.   Prelimmin>"<!>'
moderate.   Our Inventor h A£•£,,„ lif-
rrqiicsl. Marion ftMnrln 1, v»     l$^
Montreal: and Wnshin:'""-   •
><w SATU
RDAy. -&•*-■• -». 1«W-
[socialist m. l. a, honored
Hawthornthwaite Receives Recogeltloe At Tie Hands Of The Matter 01
economic Knowledge And Tactics.
In the Wes
■ed    a
•in Clarion of Nov. 18,
communication     from
ade Humphrey, of Seattle,  ad-
to    toinrude Hawthornth-
0|  Nanaimo.  In     which     the
. ,. ma_c some criticism of cer-
,0r"'lsUli,.ii.-.its made by the latter
lint a recent speech. Along with
fl „,„ published Hawthorn-
I'iU-'s ''|ilv thoretoi Presumably,
j .,• ol tho comrades considered
L difference of opinion arising   bo-
,L UW"  '"  b0 °'  sumdent   co°-
„„„,,.    to    attract   the   attention
r|f q-c gcionUflc world, or to call
jrlh cither praise or condemnation
|0„, thoso Intellectual giants whoso
L-wisdom mid keen Judgment tuusiJ
L depended upon to steer the poor
miunt   proletariat  safely   through
■h.* whirl- la of tho awroarhimg.rei
pillion, Hut nt least one of these
■Mnrades wns not to escape ehas-
Liiiiiit at tin- hands of lynx-eyed
liwii-iii tor having dared to express
opinion without having first been
Issun-d of its soundness by he who
„OTth ell things. Hawthorn-
has been honored by what
"(as evidently intended as a vigor-
jus swift kit* by the worthy person
lliu condescended to do the honor-
|lk, it is. of course, more of hon-
|r to Im- evi n kicked by the great
Pian not  i"  lie noticed by them    ut
Thi- bonoi  ol licinR noticed by  the
|.ry fountain head  of  wisdom,     es-
(erinlly (if the economic brand,  has
at    bestowed     upon     Hawthorn-
tiuaite somewhat  thusly'
IThere is published in thc City     of
York, a sheet  called  "Tho Peo-
It i- rumored that it is pub-
|sM as a daily und nt«"»-ckly. Some
bald and irrcyerential ones dis)-; the
liter the "Weakly  l'oep,"  which    is
i'iisc. to be deplored b.v all    do-
prBus and well-intentioned persons.
i<*t  is presided  over,  and has
.1     many years,  by  a   K^ius
hii Im- made a greater number   of
marltajble    discoveries      along    the
r»-s ol economic  wisdom,   as  inter-
reted by   himself,   than   any     freak
the est al (llshment of the apron-
ln^i* union in the flnrden nf Eldan1
Ih- "Peep"   though  a  "Weakly"    is
In excellent   typo of its class.     As a
puna!  horn-hlowsr  for   its  presidiums     it     ranks   well   up  with
lllshire'g, or Saininy QoUtjwrs' F"ed-
rationist.     This is,  however,   intcn-
rii as no reflection uj»on the   other
lommj rot" thut occasionally (inds
«ay into its columns.
[About   the  first  remark-able iliscov-
mada    by the "Weakly Peep s"
I residing geniuSj was that of "Jnor-
I turpitude." This was back in tho
ami proved to be no inconsider-
|iil<- addition to the world.s stock
ll knowledge. This remarkable per-
fcn got so he could, and did, cx-
p' 'he "morally turpiUidinous" il
kv came within gunshot. None of J
ess guilty   wretches  could     escape
!ls perspicacity.     Along about   Uiis
llM*» gave birth  to a  most  aston-
Wng    prediction} or whatever    it
lighl be termed,  which he   dubbed
"Socialist  Trade and  Labor     Al-
Thls  amusing  little  contri-
pnee let  0„t ari awfu*    squawk,   as
"-°"i as it was born.     This squawk
fm became a wail,  then a   whine,
so'>. ami   fina|iy  ^  ccho>   t.W.w.p
> etc.,  ad  infinitum,  ad    lutu-
ln    tho meniiliiiM- the crent
llscoverad    the  "lulfior fakir,"
I'1'1 -*-****-*-1 him to the cross. [His ol-*
Mtories became so keenly dcvclop-
* ***•' he could locate thc rascal
""'""" miles away, and so pcrsist-
W«   dis
lv and relentlessly did he pursue
"n -hat he is now practically
valuable addition  to cco-
f****c «'""«•« was made in tho dis-
P^'ring and i),an(-ing of "grafters"
'  tl,at tiireless persons would   not
[h « m 1"iX°<J "p with ^ cditor °*
I " Je(i|ile" at a salary of so much
h'x "poep."
Alo->g with his other accomplish-
f1"-*1" this editorial giant is an ac-
frowledgcd authority on "Bornruda
r'utoeH ftnd Egyptian onions" and
Ej*abl_ kno*s   more     about    tho
-'''Wno,,-' than does any other ltv-
,5   "Peclmen   of concrete wisdom.
"° bearing that all of this know-
So has upon tho solution ot   the
^nll0"s Problems that confront thn
r^J-era „f tho world today may not
-*--ogclhor dear,  but that is by
> 'nenns tho fault of this economic
To furnish wisdom in co-
varlety,    and huge chunks is
e enough   for  even
^^^^^^^^     an  "Intellec-
Kiant" t0 do without bplng call-
'" ",1011 to furnish the ability to un-
"'s,',u<1    it.    It may not perhaps.
■""-TK-rally known, but, this remarl--
l»rmm. the editor oi the "P80-
is the ono    to whom credit   is
0 --'i* the startling discovery  that
a nian, single-handed, and alone,
may, under certain circumstances be
a wage.earner and a wage-payer, a
profit taker and a profit payer, and
at the same time l*e neither a capitalist nor a   Wage-earner.
This remarkable discovery mado a
most profound impression upon the
world of economic research, making
plain many things thot had hitherto
been obscured, as any one can readily see.
But enough of this wonderful man.
Now to the honor he hof- condescended to bestow upon Hawthornthwaite
Of course, inasmuch as his editorial
eruilitcness—sounds better than editorial majesty—knew that tho readers of the "People" and the readers
of the Western Clarion would not be
the same persons to any great extent, it would have been the part of
decency to have reproduced Haw-
thornthwaitc's article and followed
it with such criticism as deemed nc-
vessary. It is presumably, however,
thc privilege of genius to hide itself
behind the folds of any dirty rag
that may come handy. This inclination arises purely from modesty no
Hawthornthwatte gets over two
columns of honor in the "Wi-aUjr
Peep" of Dec. 9th. Just what the
editorial -icrson intended to be driving at during this two columns of
drivel i.s not. very clear. It is not
reproduced her*; for two reasons.
Ono i.s thut, inasmuch as the "People" did not reproduce Hawthorn-
thwaite's article, thus giving its
readers nn opportunity to judge it
upon its merits, the two columns of
drivel referred to cannot be taken as
argument worthy of rebuttal. Another reason is that we have no desire to criticize the aforesaid drivel.
A reproduction of certain passages
will lie (|<iite sufficient.
It appears that Hawthornthwaite
expressed himself as having no particular faith in tho efficacy of any
sort or form of trades unionism, and.
mentioned that the surplus or unemployed labor in the market made it
Impossible to longer win strikes.
This caused the wise one to unfold
another discovery that In- had ix-r-
chance held secreted in his bosom
awaiting just such an opportune moment to spring it upon an ignorant
public, as follows:
"The central-*baslc error of Trades
Unionism i.s its solar system concept of the system of wage-slavery.
From that central-basic error I ow
the scores of fatal principles and
worse tactics, the praises of which
the Gompers' crew exalts in songs of
prose and verse as "Genuine Unionism."
Surely no comment of criticism is
necessary when a proposition is so
clearly stated ns that. This happy
and hnrmonious combination of central-basic errors with solar system
concepts will be readily assimilated
by every person who is not entirely
destitute of geometrical and astrological inclination. Nothing von'.i! bc
clearer, not even "moral turpitude, '
Tho humble wayfarer wandering in
the wilderness of economic fog and
confusion may well cry out in the
bitterness of spirit, "Why, oh why,
has not this knowledge been given
me before!"
That strikes aro broken because of
a surplus of lalior in the market
from which tlie employers may recruit "strike-breakers," etc., is thus
neatly and convincingly disposed of.
"The theory is lalse. Strikes arc
no more broken by the unemployed
and unorganized than corpses are
produced by undertakers. When the
undertaker arrives on thc sceno the
corpse is there, ready for him to operate ujion. When the unemployed
arrive upon tho sceno tho corpse of
a broken strike is there, ready lor
them to operate upon—and that
corpse was produced by the kindred
craft or trades unions, that, acting
upon tho basic-central error of pure
and simple unionism, continued at
work; some holding the fort for the
clapitalist, others carting unemployed for him from tho most distant
lour quarters of tho compass."
This should be conclusive. Surely
it is clear enough to satisfy any ordinarily reasonable person. But to
put the everlasting cinch upon the
matter, and demonstrate beyond per-
wlve.iture that the breaking of
strikes and all that it implies in tho
way of lower wages, etc., is not due
to tho surplus labor available in the
market, our editorial gladiator of
tho "People" arena once more arises
to tho occasion with the following,
which is taken from another pago of
the same issue through Which tho
honor of being noticed by tho mighty has Ween bestowed upon Haw-
V j T St Joseph, Mo.—-It does
not* "follow    that,    because a lower
I'i'ice ol the nocessaries of life meoJia
a lower value for labor-power,  and,
consequently a lower wage—that because of that, a higher price of the
necessaries of life means a higher
wage. It means that under normal
Conditions. But capitalism has developed to the point of abnormality.
Another factor now enters into consideration. It is the excess of labor-power in the labor-market. This
excess materially affects the normal
law of wages—the same as fit would
affect, the normul law of value of all
other commodities. The over-supply
of lal/or.power lowers the price,
(wage) of labor-power below its normal value. As a whole, the working-class, today, sells its labor-power below its normal value. This is
one of the secrets of thc hugeness of
"surplus value." Not only is the
productivity of Labor ever lartrer,
Wirt it is also being paid ever less
than its normal value. Thus'capitalism cute in both ways."
Dull indeed, is he who will not be
able to see from this that surplus
labor in the market has nothing to
do-with making it possible to break
strikes. It must needfi be taken as
authority considering that it comes
from the editor of the "People."
The size of it all is that this
bumptious editorial personage has,
for tho past ten or more years been
attempting to defend an untenable
position the untenability of which it
is doubtful if he even has the sense
to discover. Hois an excellent type
of the "cocksure ignoramus," and
like the balance of his species possesses the faculty of being able to
hide his ignorance for a time at
least beneath the mask of garrulity.
In using the term "cocksure ignoramus" we do so advisedly. The
term has been applied in a recent is-
sme of the "People" by this editorial
arc-light, to Max Hayes, of Cleveland, Ohio, a man well known to the-
Socialist movement. We have watch
ed the career ot Mr. Hayes for a
number of years quite closely. We
have read- his productions in the
Cleveland Citizen, as well as other
publications. We are forced in con-
Beqjuence to acknowledge that whatever ignorance an<l cocksurvness may
lie evidenced b.v Mr. Hayes, has been
many times duplicated by lhe loquacious ass who presides over the
destinies of the New York People,
and whose chief mission in lifo seems
to lie to avoid realizing his own assininity. Hence our authority
for applying the term to the distinguished gent himself.
■lust whut further discoveries our
hero will make is probUanatical, but
whether "eentrulihlasic" or seriocomic they will shine forth with no
greater lustre thnn his glorious achievements of the past.
I am an optimist in the matter of
Socialism, as everybody knows, and
even if I were not 1 am bound to
talk and write as if I were. After
which open confession, readers of
Justice may discount what I am
about to say to the extent which
suits the disposition of each.
1 go about the counrty a good deal
addressing audiences on Socialism,
and I hear, liko the rest of us many
comments which are not intended for
my ears, First, then, I cannot but
notice that olir audiences everywhero
though perhaps no bigger than they
were Ut. previous periods of tho movement, since 3881, are much more
earnestly attentive, seem in considerable part to be composed of people who are fairly well-to-do, and
are certainly more inclined to pay.
They seem at last—I say at last, for
25 years of agitation is a fairly
long time—to begin to understand
that Socialism in their business, and
that how-over energetic and enthusiastic a few propagandists may be,
no im[-i-tant step in advance can
be taken until, at any rate, a largo
majority of the people are prepared
to comprehend what their real interests are, and to net _n organized bodies to push them to the front. That1
is a very great Improvement in itself. And the recent municipal elections show plainly that, though ol»-
scured hero nnd there by mere capitalist Libcral-Laborism, we have, as
a party, mado very marked progress. We are now, that is to say,
consolidating in every industrial centre of Great Ilritain a nucleus of
class-conscious, class-war, determined Socialists who do undoubtedly
"mean business," and will force tho
pace at *he critical time. ' Nor do
these men and women come through
the S. IX F. alone, as formerly. The
l.L.P. and tho "Clarion" people are
furnishing full contingents, and tho
tendency towards Socialist unity in
tho sense of tho International Revolution—passed unanimously, let us
boar in mind, at tho Amsterdam Con
gl-css, and acted upon already in every country except Great Britain—is
certainly far moro clearly defined
than it was.
This is chiefly due to tho steady
propaganda which wo havo carried
on. notwithstanding all discouragement, for a quarter of a century,
and in which we have been heartily
supported by Blatchford and others
who do not see their way to full and
direct co-operation with the S.D.F.
But circHrmsbunces are also telling in
our favor. At home, tho hopeless
incapacity and irreconcilable antagonisms within the two prevailing
capitalist political factions unqjucs-
tlomolbly help us. When the only definite proposal before the country is
to return to Protection and reaction
and this moots with opposition even
in tho chauvinist party itsolf: while,
on tho other side no two speakers
talk tho same talk twice running, bx-l
cept in regard T6" tho blessings oi
Free Trade and empty bellies—it   is
not surprising that an increasing
namber of people are anxious to
learn whether the Social'Democrats,
who at any rate know their own
minds, are quite such fools as the
capitalist press, with suspicious unanimity, makes them out to be.
And abroad. Foreign affairs have
had their effect. Everywhere, Socialism is coming to the front. Even
our profit-mongering press cannot
disguise that truth. In France, in
Gerinahy, in Austria-Hungary, in Italy, in the United States, the Socialist Party, quite manifestly holds
the key of the future. Last, not
least, in Russia and Poland, it holds
the key of the present! Even the
"Times," which, with all its strong
bias towards capitalism, still possesses at nny rate what the French
call the ''flairc," has told us, in the
face of all the Witte-subsidizod balderdash in favor of that arch-hun/jug,
thut the Social-Democratic Party is
obtaining the mastery of Uio Russian Empire. All this hus almost
unconsciously helped us. Common
Englishmen are learning to appreciate the greatness and the dignity
of this glorious international party
of the Social Revolution. Nothing
succeeds like success. And tho obvious growth, first of Socialist political influence in France and Italy,
and now of Socialist political and social power in Russia, has entirely
changed the current of thought
among the English proletariat. Ot
course, we have no illusions about
all this. We have no idea that the
great international Socialist Republic and Co-operative Commonwealth
will-suddenly emerge out of the Russian Revolution, armed cap-a-pie and
ready to encounter all possible opponents, like Athena from the head
of Zeus. But wc do note everywhere
the surprising change of tone, and
tho confidence which is growing up
among the workers that thev are
not far from coming into their heritage; as well as their increasing contempt for all the old catchwords
which have gulled  them  so long.
Reason the more that we should
leave nothing to chance. The unemployed movement i.s taking quite
a fresh and more vigorous turn, not
only in London, h\}t throughout the
provinces. Let us push it to the
fullest extent possible. But let us
also use the approaching General
Election, not only to advance our
own and other Socialist, candidatures, but to preach from one end
of this island to the other the only
policy which can lx-nefit tho people
at largje—the collective, socialist and
democratic ownership of all the
great means of making and distrili-
uting wealth. Our palliatives of existing) capilalist anarchy, in particular Free Maintenance of Children
and Organization of Unemployed,
have held the field for more than 20
years, and still hold it. They obtain new converts daily. They need
to bo enforced more strenuously than
ever. These practical, if temporary,
measures advocated in conjunction
with our high and noble ideal of universal well-lioing, for which economic and historic events have made
ready the full realization, will enable US to prepare the way for complete victory in the near future, and
will remove for ever from England
the reproach now justly levelled at
her, of holding hack the emancipation of mankind.—H, M. Hyndman in,
Geo. K McCnosfuN.
Tel. m.   P.O. Box 932.
324 Hastisot Street     •     Vascssver. I. C.
60  YEARS-
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone lending a nketrh mid deecrlntlnn may
quickly aacuruiit our opinion free whether an
Invention Is probably patentable. Coniniiiuioa-
tloinmlhcilycontlrieiitlal. HANDBOOK on 1-ntciiU
sent Ireo. Oldest airency for securing patent-.
Patents taken throu-iu Munn ft Co. receive
•lirriiil notice, without charge, ln tha
Scientific America.,.
A handsomely llltistrated weekly. Lamest circulation or nny sclent Ille Journal. Terms. S3 a
year; four months, SL gold by all newsdealers.
MUNN Mc.36'8™1*'- New York
-   Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
Morris Reclining  Chairs from  $8.50
to $35.00
Ladies'  Fancy  Rectors,  from   $5.00
to $7.00
Sleepy    Hollow    Chairs,  from $5.50
to $12.00
Fansy Odd Parlor Chairs, from $9.00
to $25.00
Sofa Cushions, $2.00,
Cushion Tops,  50c.
Phone 718.       100 Douglas St.
From $25.oo lip.
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
29 Johnson  St.,  Victoria,  B.C.
Delivered  to any  part of the city.    Asfc
Driver   to   call.     Thon*   84*.
Do you know we st-11 from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
res __ ciiAira-
72 Goverssu-sl Stmt, Vlctlrta, B. C.
5 yearly sub. cards for $8.75.
Bundlos of 25 or more coplea to
one address, for a period of three
months or more at the rate of   one
cent per copy.
Patronize our advertisers.
Victoria General Agent for Thei
•'     HERALD
"     NEWS
" "     WORLD
Also handles San Francisco Si:s>
day Bulletin and Call. Prompt stwt
regular dally delivery service li
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
g HuHtac'im tl
4} Rl. S Cntn tt.
_      ____________
BIB g C*31***
All   Descriptions   of    Ladies'      suit
Gents'     Garments  Cleaned or Dye.1,
and Pressed   Kkjual   to New.       Di w
Cleaning: a Specialty,
eho Yates St.    Viotori*. B.O.
Harris ®> Moore
Dealer!  in
Bicycles, Guns,   Ammunition,
and Bicycle Sundries.
42 Broad St. VHTOHIA, B. <**•
Phone B969.
Albion Stove Works,
FACTORY, 38, 42 Pembroke Street,
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Douglas Street,    •
121 Hastings Street,
7.  Cordova St.,   next to   Harvey*.
by buying thb
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
r-ACKHl-t AT_2-Vt__R_.4U.
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents
United Hatters of North America
Whs* you are eeyimg a FOR HAT em U  It  that
the Utniitae Ualoa Lmbsi Is sewed la It. II a retailer
has leose labels In his possession esa offers to pat
one in a hai (er you. do not patronize him. Laeee
labels In retell stores are counterfeits. The gesialas
Union Label Is perforate- oa lour edgee, exactly the
same ae a postage stamp. Counterfeits are ssms.
times perforated «a three edgee, aad eome Umee only
oa two. Jena B. Stetson Oe., af Philadelphia le a
aoo-unloa concern.
J OHM A. HOrriTT,  President. Orange. H. J.
MARTIN   LAWLOR.   Secretary,    11 W avert*    Plaee
New Yen.
There is no home too small to uso Electric Light. Every dwelling should use It—everybody should use It.
The children—bless them!—they cannot upset the Electric Light
nnd burn the house down. They can do no harm whatever with
Electric Light.
It can be lighted or extinguished hy a touch ot the button. No
lamps to clean,  no smell of   Coal Oil,  no disfigurement of walla.
When a small amount of light is needed, fl or 10 candle power lamps may be installed, thus reducing thc total expense of lighting; by this method.
Call nnd see us in reference to installing Electric Light to take
the place of your Coal Oil Lamps.
! /
»    -.J;,
• Kit--
SATTjR-nAY, DEC. 2a  l9og
Edited hy R. P. PETTIPIECE. to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed. @
11*b oijly difference between the
"good man" and the "bad man" in
.oiltics, is that it costs considerably
more to buy the former and it has
to be done in an indirect sort of a
In the labor market,
Imrirain day.
every day is
Tie worker who is ''loyal'
iipitalist government, is a
'm his class.
to    a
Nature and  society are both   very
ilerant of rascals, but merciless to
damned fools.
Canadian politicians as has been
•ftcn observed b.v the party press,
. n<*rttUy die poor. So do burglars.
But this may be tt more coincidence.
Capitalism    has    no
creed and no conscience.
country, no
wealth today as 100 men c
years ago.     What  of the other
men?     Why,   looking  for  a  job
engaged in waste-labor.
Where such a condition exist  wages
than a bare liv-
E. T. Kingsley will address amass
meeting in the City Hall tomorrow,
(Sunday) evening.     Be there!
Last Sunday night's meeting was
a pippin. Therte are more voting Socialists in Vancouver today than
there was a week ago. Come again,
Com. Titus.
Nothing is too good for the workingman-—and he often gets it.
A farmer is a workinglman who fancies himself a capitalist because he
•lill owns the tools of his trade.
"Two of a trade can never agree"
--und if they did, they would be fined for "conspiracy."
Capital is the reward
inence of other people.
of the   ab-
Wortai_g_ien who petition the irov-
nments whRh they might command
serve     to     get snubjbed for   their
The middle class is so stupid, ig-
rant and cowardly that it lucks
in the instinct of self-preserv-ationi
Competition is so powerful on in-
••ntlve to work that it is surprising
iiat it has never been propos.xl in
onnection with government office-
' • elders
119 Indiana Road, To:or.;o.
Dec. 13, 1905.
The Material Needs of the Working-
class Will Drive Them to Make
Common Ground; Organize Politically; Sieze the Reins of Government; Abolish the Wage-System and Capitalism; Take Possession of Their Collective Product, and Stand Forth Free.
The mass meeting held by the Vancouver Local, S.P. of C, last Sunday evening in the City Hall, was
well attended—in spite of the "Roc- I remains—alike
ky Mountain dew" obtaining)—   and "*'
proved of unusual interest.
A goodly number   of ladies   were
Com. H. F. Titus, of Seattle, and
Toledo, Ohio, editor of "The Socialist," published   in   the latter place,
was the speaker of the evening,
subject being
fri-edcn in sight   for
The Big Bargain Day of commercialism will Boon be over for this year.
* *    *
"Monopoly" may be able to alter
prices, but a monopoly of empty
stomachs is a poor .stock in trade.
* *    *
if you lost your job tonight, how
aany days from bankruptcy are you,
Ur. Wage-earner? You must like
it, else why do you vote to perpetuate the boss' rule.
* *   *
At the recenti elections in Sweden,
Uie Socialists polled 30,000 votes,
•lud elected fourteen membprs of congress. At the last previous election
ihelr vote was 10,000, and four can-
aidatee were elected.
* *   *
"Bender unto Caesar (Capital),
i cat which is Caesar's,"  (wife, chil-
. an nnd yourself), and rest assured
■ ..at Caesar will make full payment
lor   your   loyalty   in   the   medicine
uat's coming to you.
* *   *
Ihe liberals accuse the Conservatives of corruption and vice versa,
-hey both tell the truth. Each
_iijMU for the present system of pro-,
iwrty. and lnbor skinning. That is
in itself a corrupt thing.
* *   *
The shareholders in the now de-
.i jet York County Loan and Investment Company, it is alleged have
--out confidence in the managjement of
14t concern. If this is all they
.nave lost, they are getting oil lucky.
* *   *
A scare-crow Issue has been framed
til,  for   the   workers  of   England   to
vote for or against—that old familiar
T ree Trade" or "Protection."   Which
- .er wins the wage-earner loses.  The
nbery of the wage-system goes mer-
. . y on under either form of capital-
* *    *
Christmas has been turned by cap-
,     Ham    into    a   mere bargain day.
i ate ver other    significance it may
.'. oas time have possessed, has _|een
■at in the present senseless t-crain-
.. for  trade and profit.      If    you
-m't believe it, take a look nt the
i. columns of your daily paper.
* *   *
r-iobalily one of the most   brazen
inhibitions of humiliation ever heaP-
'I upon workers of Vancouver is the;
jvitation    published    in the    daily
rt-ss of the blood-stained   Carnegie
1 ibrary     management     to  "THOSE
go and partake of their ^charity'',
'uuer.    The management also* applied    for    contributions,    adding,
HAN  EVER BEFORE."     Glorious
r-isperityl       But,    after    all,   the
./.ncee are tbe guineas    who    sub-
x-Sf-lvely     parta!"  of  the handout,
iptinue to vote the good old   par-
: t   ticket  and sing "God Save   the
* *   a
"The    official     statement   "issued,
-t-oSred  three killed, but  three   car-
<*•!•    of    dead bodies were    taken
. nOV)*."       This    is    what occurs in
\\ arsaw, according to an eye-witness.1
The Inevitability ol
Socialism." And that ho handled it
well, no fair-minded man can deny;
in fact, the address was a surprise-
party to many who had heard the
comrade speak in this city some
four years ago. His analysis of the
workers' position; his pointed utterances as to the necessity of sticking
to practical thing-p—political action
—and his advice re the "economic"
movement, did much to strengthen
the Socialist Party of Canada's revolutionary basis and attitude; and
likewise to dispel many impressilons
concerning Com. Titus' position
heretofore gathered from one source
and another.
If Com. Titus, with the assistance
of like comrades in the United, States,,
will continue to voice such a message as delivered here last Sunday
evening, thero is renewed hope for
the propertyless wage-earners of that
portion of thc capitalist world.
Before 8 o'clock had struck, the
City Hall was comfortably filled.
Com. A. R. Stebbings occupied the
chair, and briefly announced that
there would be a collection taken to
pay expenses; that Vancouver Local's headquarters were located in
the Ingleside Block, Cambie Street;
and the sale of good Socialist literature at the door, and also put in
a word for the "Western Clarion," and "The Socialist."
Introduced amid applause, Comrade Titus spoke of the wonderful
change in the B.C. and Vancouver
movement since his previous visit
some four years ago. "'And it is the
same way the world over—the same
forces are at work," observed the
The fear expressed by the daily
press of the tremendous influence of
the organized Socialist movement
upon the affairs of the world, was
particularly noticeable —" Altoglether
too numerous for their number" as
one member of the French bo.urgeo-
sie had said.
There were only 35,000 dues-paying members of the United S. P. of
France, yet a million votes' were
polled; 20,000 members of the S.P.
in the United States, yet half a million votes were polled; and the some
could be said of all other countries.
The movement on the part of capitalist governments to place restrictions upon the nomination of candidates, deposits, etc., and the ~ener-
al alarm of the mouth-pieces of capitalism all indicated that they realized there was a something behind
the Socialist movement which had
been lacking in other movements-
populist, etc.,—which had come and
"lhe reason for the success, influence and irresistible progress of Socialism is that it alone oilers a solution by which man may become
industrially free," asserted the
■"-"■.The wag|e.earners of today have a
part in the noblest mission over assigned in history—the overthrow of
wage-slavery; the inauguration of
liberty,"     (Applause.)
After briefly outlining the condition confronting the workers from
one side of the continent to the other; and the rapid and wonderful
changes in the mode of production,
and incneased productivity of labor,
Com. Titus asked, "And what does,
or can it all mean to you, workers?
Nothing but a bare living, (you
can't live on less), and it is impossible for wage-earners to get anything more than a bare living so
long as there Is competition among
tho men who need jobs and thc men
who get them."
Owing to the introduction of modern machinery thc necessity of skilled
labor is being eradicated, a factor
which will intensify the competition.
AI! this chaneto—from .spinning-*
wheel to loom, from stage-coach to
railway, from Individual to collective production, in short, the deycl-
ophitint of capitalism—has taken
place almost in our time, or our fathers' and mothers' at any rnlte. And)
yet we scarcely realize it.
One     man    can    produce as much
can never be more
ing—a mere existence.
Is there any
the workers'??
They don't own their jobs; they
own nothing, (except an appetite);
and must work for someone else—
the much-vaunted freedom espoused
by the Prof. Elliot type, but tho job-
owners have the right to discharge
its slaves at nny minute they choose..
The desire for the expression of individuality wus Impossible under the
wage-system; we are slaves to fashion, customs, Ohurohlahlty and numerous other samenesses of capitalism
throughout the world. Only under
Socialism could this desire be gratified; art, culture, etc., lie developed.
State Socialism «— or capitalism,
and now extolled by Liberals and
Democrats ofj the Hearst ty|ie—next
occupied the attention of the speaker. He pointed out that "put-Re ownership of public utilities" already
existed in Russia, in New Zealand
|and elsewhere; but the wage-system
in Russia, Cawida,
1 the United States, England, everywhere.
The robbery of the working-class
by that method must be abolished
before universal poverty can be prevented.
The organized Socialist movement
of the world proposes to bring the
workers together; to vote together,
and act together; taking possession
af the machinery of production, and
giving to the worker the full product of his labor and the opportunity of unfolding his individuality.
There is no longer any need for
poverty: there is enough for all. The
necessities of the workers must compel them to come together. And
what can stop it?
Socialism is inevitable because the
power behind Socialism is the power
behind evolution.
But one thing prevents its immediate triumph, and that is the econo-i
mic ignorance and tfubmissiveness of
the working-class itself. This largely because of the influence of the
capitalist press, pulpit and educational system.
But "students" are givintr voice
to tho message of revolution, and
soon the workers must triumph!
Magnate Harriman said the other
day, under examination, that Governor O'Dell owed his political influence to his relations with him
(Harriman) rather than the contrary; and the same could be said
of all capitalist party politicians—
their relations to capitalism determined their influence.
The workers were beginning to see
this and recognized the old party
governments as merely the hired men
of the capitalist class.
Capitalism has had its functions
and its day. It also carried with i|
its own death warrant.
The mission of Socialists was to
carry the message of freedom to the
proletariat of the world and get
them ready for the responsibilities ol
administration which must, soon be
placed upon them.
By David Crocker.
Dawson,  Y. T.,  Nov.  20,-The appended clipping is from the '.'Dawson
Daily   News."   a  similar  report
pearing in the "Yukon World:"
Ladies Present Even at tho Meeting
Last Night—Those who
Took Part.
Every seat    was filled in the   little    hall   ot  the Socialists on T:rst
Avenue  Inst  evening  when  the    first
meeting was called  to order.    There
were several ladles present.
L. E. W. Kunzic occupied thc
chair and announced that '.ho sub-
jret for thc evening would be the introductory chapter of N. A. Richard-1
son's pamphlet, "Methods of acquiring our National Industries." After
W. W. Scott had read the article,
short speeches were made by Messrs. Mulcahy, Findlay and Johnson.
J. Gordon asked each speaker a
numGber of iifuestions which were
answered and which tended to i.how
that there was interest taken m lhe
Next Wednesday evening, "Confiscation" will be the subject for discussion and Sunday afternoon the
club will take up the opening chapter of W. T. Mills' work, "The
Struggle for Existence.
The chairman extended an -nvita-
tion last evening to the men who
were not Socialists to attend and
also participate in the debates and
ten    or delay the coming of Socialism by one minute."
•A sentiment as full of ebullient revolutionism as a domesticated clam.
'■'The only way to teach the workers Socialism," continues our sententious prendo scientist, l'vs to
starve them."
If that is not seeing the world
through a knot-hole, I don't want a
continental cent.
The logical deduction from such a
basis would be to agitate for the repeal of all Factory acts. Eight-hour
laws and other crumbs that have
fallen to us from  the capitalist table.
We have already enough starving workers to rai.se a good sized
rovolt If they possessed the spirit
of an expiring feline with eight lives
in the grave.
But they have not, and so are of
no use to us.
Revolution will come through that
section of the working class'that occasionally battles with its masters
on the industrial field under the impression that it is fighting for its
When the panic knocks the flimsy
foundations out from under this
dream-castle of  unionism,  they    will
"The   strike  universal
en masse, the strike political
I he
as dis-
tfinct from the strike economic
done many remarkable epoch-m'alT
things    in     Europe in „„. ,*,"*<
months.—Daily Paper. w
While    all the    world, m al ,
that part of it which 'hath e   '*"
866 anv;r *?}?*•" r*°^st>,;
mass strike of the Russian  wn i
to be political action with JJ
purpose  as  its  object,  (hat   p0r_
which sMcks its head in the sand (
ignorance  and   therefore has nt.ilh°
eyes, ears,  nor any other "
gan or facility available
ly persist in imagining it to be
useful or.
w*'l soIbuu,;
face to face  with
time to pause and
Five Clarion suli. card&**-$3 75
As will be seen from the a* ove we
are busy spreading socialist propaganda. The comrades have elected
me as secretary, vice A. A. Douglas,
who has taken a lay on Dominion
Creek, and placed me in charge of
the headquarters of the Tarty. By
the sale of c-igiars, etc . xe hone to
make the. place s?lf-stipporting.
speaker from the outsi-le, which, no
doubt, will be acquired later on.
What we ttoed now is a good
Dawson City Socialists are dcirig
their duty and hope to keep pace
with any Local in -Vinala. Ventre
for the overthrow o' the rage r.vs-
tem, and the collective ownenhlp of
all things used collectively—the *-ri-
vate ownership of things used privately—and to the man who works
tho full product of his toil.
Comrades: I hate to break in
your pleasant meditations, but
you be so obliging as to wake
Revolution   is
find    themselves
They will have ^^^^^^^^^^
Kven those who are unable to use
the contents of their cerebral cavities for this purpose will have a
glorious opportunity of coagitating
with their solar plexi.
'Ihat will lie the golden opportun-
ity for the Socialist.
Then we shall need votes, sympathetic votes, any old votes that are
for downing capitalism.
And then, too, will we need men.
Not men who will be seated about
a stove engaged in a learned discussion on the exploitation of bootblacks, but men who will proclaim
Socialism from the housetops, soa|>-
boxes awl other coigns of vantage.
Men who will organ! e demonstrations and indigtnation meetings; who
will stir discontent till it boils over
in revolt; stir revolt until it flames
into revolution.
The way to down the Upas is     to
tear it up by the roots.
What if we fail the first time.
We will at  least .so weaken its grip
on the earth that it will never flourish again.
Comrades,  wake up; jar loose.
You have been frozen up long   enough.
Throw out your fort und rustle up
a membership.
Work, work,  work!
We  have leaven  enough   to    h-aven
the lump when the lump is ready to
raise.     The crisis is not  for off.  I>»t
us li*- prepared to turn it to account.
Ijet   us   make  it a revolution—the
revolution—-revolution   by   Mallot   if
possible,     by     bayonet  if  nec<*isary,
but revolution by any means.
I-et's quit (||uil>bling; <fuit heresy
hunting; quit patting ourselves on
the back.
lf you   want.   Socialis-m   move  hen-
Wn and earth to get it and never letup till you do get it.
Yours for the revolution,
Vancouver,   B.C.,   Dec.  16,   190_.
The questions put to the speaker
from members of the audience were
well handled by Com. Titus. Thc I.
W.W., the development of capitalism
in tho Far East, and the Revolution
in Russia, being the topics round
which interest centered.
In closing the meeting, Com. Titus emphasized the necessity of the
Socialist Party everywhere "Organizing the slaves of capital to vote
their own emancipation."
W.H., Oreenwood, B.C.—I'll admit
Com. Hawthornthwaite should have
visited your camp ere this, (he will
explain when he docs go), but like
most workingmen, hc must earn a
living, which occupies a good deal
of one's time. And the Executive is
broke. However, when he was in
Vancouver last week conferring with
the Executive Committee as to
things legislative at thc coming session of the local House, he assured
mo that right after adjournment, he
and probably Com. Williams would
light out for your district. Get together; hold your meetings regularly; develop your local talent, and
stir the boys to action. Your emancipation depends upon yourselves,
and no one else. As organization of
the party proceeds, there will be
more money available to further organize. We will soon bo over thi!
hardest position of the financial
struggle, land then look out for
sneakers, agitators and organizers
o  ti
|      AMONG   THE   WORKERS.      |
Wonder if Comrades Mortimer,
Charlton, Mitchell, O'Brien, Siemon,
Stuart and numberless others in thc
Socialist movement of Canada aro
chloroformed? No evidence to tho
contrary in this department.
"I have lieen Instructed by Local
No. 7, to notify the "Clarion" that
wo extend thanks to Com. Sibble
for the good work for Socialism
done here by his obtaining the paid-
up circulation of so many Clarions
in this wage-earners' centre,"—II.
Slegfleld, Sec. Revelstoke, B.C.
The     Shadow    of
athwart the earth.
The torch Is alight in Russia,
will not be put out.
Finland has cast off the yoke and
torn down tho banner of the Romanoffs; in its place flies the blue and
white flagi of the Finnish nation, side,
by side with the rod flag of the
world nation.
In Austria the Km-ioror hns watched 200,000 voiceless workers parade
by in ominous eloquent silence.
In Germany the prolctaire is sizing up the pavement as material for
In EngQand royalty has hoard hisses whore it has been wont to hear
Thrones are tottering.
Revolution is in the air.
ls it to find us in the midst of sev-.
eral select mutual admiration seances? Clitfucs that say "We are Socialists, and there are no other Socialists but us. All others are Bel-
lamyitos, freaks and economically
The "opportunists" would destroy
the Upas tree of Capitalism by chopping off its branches.
No! lf we are to be Revolutionists, let us lie revolutionary.
Ijeave bourgeois reforms to the
Too often hns the proletariat battled, "unhonored and unsung," for
tho benefit of others.
Henceforth, let us battle for ourselves alone, nnd our fight will be
the world's fight.
Far more to lie feared than the
avowed hostility of tho plutocracy,
is the assumed friendliness of the
bourgeoisie. "Beware of the Greeks
when they come lucaring gifts."
Tho mission of the Socialist Party is to revolutionize society; not
to reform it.
Not one reform can we advocate
that tho Radical cannot advocate
also. Such reforms as are feasible
let us work for while wo work for
Socialism. But we must never cater to the palate of the Reformer.
He that would have reform rather
than revolution, let him hio to the
house of the reformer, for there only
can he attain satiation.
On the Socialist platform, Reform
must never occupy the centre of the
stage, while Revolution lurks In the
B.v its revolutionary doctrines the
Socialist Party must stand or fall,
ami for revolution it must strive.
It'i.s propaganda iv,o need, not politics.
Socialists wo need, not sympathizers;  workers we need, not voters.
If you must want "something
now," want Socialism.
The "Evolutionist" on tho other
hand, is convinced that thc tneo will
die by the natural process of decay
and    is    prepared to...-.i.i down   anil
forgetting  tho
himself on his
watch It die, not
while, to congnat ulatc
preternatural wisdom,
Saith this prendo,scientist, V|Noth-
ing we do or leave undone will has-
Negligee Shirts I
Ntt Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now heiv-
somo of the choice ones will tie sold
early, and some of thu Ue»||M
cannot duplicate. If you «pprKUi.
unusual stylus it will InteiMl ««„ «,
come promptly. '
Flatiron Hats
The Smartest Soil Hal ot lhe Stains
These Hats have been enthusiastically received by young men fron
the very first day we brought them
out. Neither trouble nor expenn*
has been saved in the production ol
these goods, as you will diwrfullj
acknowledge  upon  examination.
Ill Ctrdova Street
Count Witte, Press agent and Premier, appears to he essaying the role
of a hundrcd-years-later Miralfcnu.
In the face of the advvuicing social
revolution in France a century ngo
the really great Mitabeuu made a
most tremendous hut futile effort to
save the French monarchy. The forces of reaction then, as now, displayed the same stupidity which we
are glad to see Czarism dlsplnv today. Mirahuau died l>eforo Uio revolutionists got tho guillotine in
working order and Witte may no nlAe
to emigrate before the Russian proletariat begin their destined <"ork of
dispensing justice with the axe. The
grand-ducal coterie, who linta Witte
and his treacherous "reform" measures as much as they fear the Socialists, will not entrust him with
the power he needs in order, to carry out his scheme of ditching the revolution and defeating thc oemand
fur freedom. That Witte sees the beginning of the end is shown |,y his
interviews with the corrcspmi-nt of
the London Dally Telegraph. He
practically admits that It.-', lenlu-
tionists have corrupted the army andj
navy, disorganized the finances, weuK
eni-il the financial credit of the government abroad and aro only kept
from complete triumph by tho threat
of turning loose the mass of superstitious and i-^nornnt. iioasants
aguinst them. Ho finally sums up
the situation thus:
'"lho Premier declared that thc
Russian political parties were nearly
all of little consequence with the exception of the revolutionists whose
aingle-mindodne-is was exemplary ;
whose tactics were ingenious and
whose energy was marvelous."
"Whom the gods would dustroy
they first made mad." It Is well
that all the forcoH of Tyranny nnd
Usurpation, Czar, grand dukes, Cossacks and priests, all tho savagery,
superstition and ignorance of Holy
Russia, should mass together at
this time and thwart tho would-be
Miraboau and his itrtbecile and crapulous bourgeois backing, It is well
that thc class conscious proletariat
is thp only force with brain and soul
powerful enough to dominate the
situation. A proletarian dictatorship is what Russia needs nnd will
got in spite of this l*!latod MiliSbCau.
—Tho Crisis.
Revolting stories aro told of tho
harbarities practiced on tho Gorman
landlords in parts of Russia, whero
the peasants aro in roVolt. This is
very much tn bo deplored, in view
of the fact that landlords either German or othorwisn have never been
harsh or brutal in their treatment
o, these peasants, Very ungrateful
"ipso peasants appear to bo anyway and besides, if thoy kill all the
landlords   they   wont  have  anybody
o pay rent to, and thon thev wlil
DO in a deuce of a fix.
> hhwni
(Second Hand Dealer!
'      Iai gext suid cheapenl stock ol
I   Cook Stoves in the City.
>      Boom  Chains,    Augers, Log- <
'  gcre'  Jacks,  Etc.
,      We have moved Into our ne*
*  and   commodious   premise*:
I    138 Cordova St, Cast
! '*honi 1579       Vancouver, B. t. \
\ t
We also carry a full line ol Furnl* I
ture.  on easy  payments,   at prices |
that cannot  be duplicated,
inspect our stock.
Car WeitMintter Ave and Harris Street |
Practical But
aud Shot Maker
Haml-Mmlr Boots und
■It style*    Rc-imiiiii: pr«
ly done.     Stotk   of *t»
Slioen always
1491 WtstalMter Ave
lii-rs to ndtrii
mpUy and nest
pic  rVady-madt
io baud.
Mosst Hm*
155 Cordova Street
And have It rejuvenated with sw
Ufa. Old Hats Cleansd, Vtami\U»
Hade as Good as No** by «P-"
workmen and at moderate cost.
Elijah Leard.
Sanitary Exports.
its branches.       Estimates
Repairs,  stove connections,
plumbing >n
Powell Street, Cedar Com
Mounting  Large (.ame
Taxidermist  nnd  Furdrss*"
818 Pender It.    "~    Opp-Pe»P'«'«m-" 1
Single    copies,
copies,   U  cents;
cents;   40    co s,  *i-u"'
copies nml  over,
copy. ,,
These  rates  I'"'1""
to nny par* of Can**.**
United kl'iK'l"1"-
"The Western
4% »♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦


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