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The Western Clarion Apr 22, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working .Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, April 22, 1905.
Subscription Price
Separata Schools, Labor Partisan, Arbitration aad Patriotic Fervor
,.  is one very hopeful  t-igu    in
lion with current political con-
fersios,   namely,   the  absolute  in-
Iwice  of   the   working    class    to
questions.     All  the fun-    and
seme of the capitalist press of
lutu   over   the   Northwest   school
lion   is   entirely   on   the  surface.
Lad  the  News or the  World you
|i  siipfioHt; that the country wus
verge  of a civil  war.    While
|le 1 luss  opinion,which   is  largely
,,l  by  fanatical  preachers of  the
and  Wild  type is to a certain
Li   responsive to the agitation in
uwspapertji   the   working  people
entirely unmoved by it, and look
|i   a   spirit   of   apathetic   amuse-
Thcre ure no names of recog-
trades   union   leaders'   on    the
fcn's t'onimittee, no labor spoak-
.,  the  platform at  meetings held
riliernnce  of  the agitation,
eiity—yes, or even ten years ago
yoald  have  been .very  different,
the appoals  to bigotry and pre-
insleud of falling on deaf ears
(l   have  caused   an   agitation    in
st,   instead    of    the    sheet-iron
and    red-lire    business    now
jiiir the  stage.    The  workingman
iiively     recognizes    that   it   is
of his luneral whichever way it
whether   the ecclesiastical  dic-
Ijehind    the    scenes   is  named
P'ltii or John Potts it will maike
Vrt of  difference so  far as   his
flrilc interests are concerned.  He
it be robbed of a cent the less
Ipitalism or gain a minute's ad-
nul   leisure;   nor    will   the   solu-
nf the problem how  to prevent
spoliation     be    advanced     one
Why,   then,  should   he   worry
ie  awake   nights   brooding  over
III   aggression,"   or   the   danger
lovincinl    autonomy?     1 jft    the
lllsts   and   the   preachers   figure
This Indifference indicates a
|nd  dawning sense of class-confess,   not   sufficiently   developed
to induce any considerable ac-
to   the   ranks   of   Socialism.
lite enough  to  show  that    the
Bgmcn   of   Toronto   as  a   class
litgrowlng  tin- rabid  and   un-
hing pnrtyisra  which   has been
liief  obstacle  to  the growth    of
Ibor I'arlisans at a Discount.
It her encouraging feature is the
Vi ion of the parliamentary la1
Bartizan—the  man elected  us  a
(ui ur ( onser\alive with a trade
record and  the endorsement  of
ahor   organizations—pledged   to
Irl   the   general    policy    of    his
except   on   "labor  questions."'
■nrs   the  capitalists,   who  con-
uih parties,  have found   that.
l-iisiest     and    < heapest     way   of
inking and befooling the work-
lless  voters  wns  to permit   tho
liimal   election,   in  an   otherwise
lifui constituency   of   a   Labor-
I'lvative or a Labor-Liberal, gi\-
piui  considerable  latitude  in  the
ui'  supporting   palliatives     and
i   measures,"   which  could  ea«i-
voted down  by a hostile   ina-
of both  parties.    In return  for
Night  concession he wns expoct-
carefully   refrain   from   raising
vital   issue  nnd   to  support    all
>r of capitalist legislation, such
Iml and money grants to corpo
rations, higher salaries for judges
und officials, militia afjpropriations,
immigration appropriations, etc.
The changed attitude of labor is
evidenced by the disappearance of
this clnss from politics—Ralph Smith
is about the only survivor. Puttee,
of Winnipeg, after carefully serving
his capitalist masters, was duly turned down in favor of a straight unhyphenated OHt lust, election. K.F.
Clarke, personally a most unliable
•nun who lived up to his professions
ns a trade unionist, leaves no successor. His hold on l,h,e workingmen
was persona) rather than political,
and in filling tho vacancy for Centre
Toronto the Conservatives have elected Edmund Bristol, a lawyer without
any labor sympathies up to the
present. He inny perhaps he able to
acquire some later on if political exigencies seem to require it, but it
won't do him much good. Evidently
the dny of the Labor-Conservative
and the Labor-Liberal is about over.
The working class have come to realize the folly of expecting anything
at the hands of un adherent of either
of the capitalist parlies, even though
he may grariouslv be permitted by
the caucus to vote for a "I'nion Label Rill" oi- something of that sort
about once or twice in a session,
just to make good with his unionist
supporters. The game i.s up. The
vuters are getting class conscious.
Nothing to  Arbitrate.
The Saw.yer-Massey Company, of
Hamilton, who arc having some trouble with their moulders havo just replied to the offer of the Hoard of
Trade in that city to act as arbitrators in the dispute, that they hud
"nothing to arbitrate." They are
quite right. The phrase is harsh, ar-
rogantl, truculent—thol-otigihly characteristic of the attitude of capitalism—but foi nil that il is true. There
is nothing in arbitrate. Either thu
capitalist is right in supposing that
his control of the means of production entitles him to manage his business exactly as he sees fit, and to
employ whom he pleases on any
terms they are willing to accept; or
the Socialist' is right in holding that
the means of production belong to
all and that, the worker isfcantitled
to all he produces. There is no logical st milling ground between these
propositions. Why should the capitalist arbitrate if the land mid the
buildings and the machinery nnd the
money nre really his? What business
have you or i, or a trade union, or
a board of trader or anybody, to
dictate to him whom he shall hire
or what he shall do with his own?
Once grant that assumption, on
which nil bourgeois political economy is bused, that the capitalists aro
the rightful owners of the wealth
produced b.v labor, and arbitration
between them and the workers becomes an absurdity and an impertinence. Byt tho public mind is not
logical, and while the refusal to arbitrate is resented ns arbitrary and
unreasonable, the trude unionists and
their sympathizers fail to see thut
the only ground on which arbitration is a tenable proposition involves n great deal more than any such
petty concessions as a capitalist
board could secure for it. No, there
is "nothing to arbitrate" between
Capitalism and labor, and never can
be.    It's  a  good   phrase;   let.  capitul-
sm reiterate it on every occasion,
and let workingmen remember it and
act upon it when the day of deliverance comes.
Creditable to Young Canadians.
flood news from Halifax. 1 have
said that the separate school agitation wus all on the surface, purely
the creation of tho political demagogues and capitalist press, and
now it appears thai the military and
Imperialist enthusiasm of which wo
hear so much at public, functions
from officials and parasites, is pretty
much in the same 'category. Our
sycophantic government has offered
to help out the step-mother country
in the defence ()f the Empire by
garrisoning Halifax and Ksquimntt
with Canadian troops, thereby sotting free n number ol red-coats for
piratical raids in Africa or Asia, or
wherever the capitalists of London
cun find some territory belonging
only to "natives," that they think
worth stealing. But this is easier
said than done. Canadians cannot
be got to enlist. Of course, Canadians aro the most loyal, patriotic
people on earth, always ready to die
for the flag, etc., but the proposition doesn't work out as was expected. The Halifax correspondent of
the  Toronto   News   says;   "The  diffi
culty is in getting Canadians to join
the colors. To the average young
man the humdrum life of the soldiers
in garrison has little attraction. It
is said that it would be extremely
difficult to get men enough to form
one good regiment, Met alone enough
?o garrison Halifax and Esquimnlt."
He goes on to say that military men
assert that the Canadian is not a
good professional soldier. Just fancy, after all the vaunting und swaggering of the Imperialists over the
readiness Of Canadians to support
the Kmpirc, it simmers down to this
conclusion. It does really begin to
look ns if the common people, who
have to do the fighting and the paying when capitalists want to go to
war. were getting some sense pounded into them at lust. It is highly
creditable to young Canadians that
they don't care to become food for
powder, or waste away the best
years of their lives in idleness for the
benefit of the predatory class. But.
''what will they say in England"
where they have taken all the hollow
bombast and vaporing of the Lnur-
iers. Tuppers, Stratheonns and the
rest of the bunch of titled tax-eaters
at its face value?
—Phillips Thompson.
Toronto, Ont., April 10,  1905.
Straws Froai Various Countries Shew Socialists Everywhere Persecuted
Incredible though it may seem, it
appears that Montgomery, Ward &
Company, proprietors of a big Chicago department store, hod the audacity to refuse to grant the modest,
and just demands of its drivers, for
the closed shop. This very projierly
aroused tlie righteous wrath of the
drivers, who proceeded to wreak ten-
rible vengeance upon the audacious
firm by refusing to work. When the
firm carried its unsufferahlc impudence to the oxlont of employing
other drivers, the striking heroes
gathered in force, unsheathed their
trusty tongues und yelled "scab!"
until the yery structure of civilization rocked upon its foundations in
such a manner as to threaten total
collapse. Hut the firm persisted in
its unholy purpose of attending to
its own business, by calling upon the
police fur protection against the victorious Onslaughts of the peaceful,
law-abiding and justice-loving strikers. The cowardly, traitorous and
vicious police came to Ihe firm's assistance, instead of siding with the
strikers and helping throw bricks at
the vile scabs who were attempting
to betray organized ,abor by taking
some vacant jobs that belonged to
Montgomery, Wind & Co., and with
that, firm's permission.
When the strikers at last, in sheer
desperation, appealed to the newly-
t lee tod mayor for assistance, that
miserable scamp responded by sending more police to assist the firm in
the high-handed tyranny of minding
its own business.
Whether the valiant band who have
been thus courageously upholding the
rights and dignity of organized labor, belong to the old school under
the old name, or the old school under the new name, i.s not stated.
This is of minor importance, however, us the result in either case is
equally disastrous to them. Still it
would be a comfort to know whether
Ihis display of assininity is made
upon the basis of the "class struggle,"  or not.
Adopting the French plan for amalgamating the interests of the corporation and its employes, Mr. B.F.
Yoakum, chairman of the executive
of the 'Frisco system, has declared
that, a homestead will be provided
for every employe of the system,
from Vice-President down to section
hand. By this method Mr. Yoakum
to establish an "entente cor-
a in on g the employes and a
affiliation with the corpora-
interest.     One    of    the    things
which it is expected to accomplish is
the elimination of strikes.
The first experiments nre to be
made on tho Texas line, lt is declared that already a majoritH ol* the
men have signided theiir intention of
taking advantage of the plan.
The idea is to soil to every employe
a parcel of five or ten acres of land
tributary to the railroad, supplied
with water and at a fair valuation,
to be paid for in ten years, deferred
payments bearing a low rate of in-
I direst.
! It is provided that should an em-
] ploye discontinue his service with the
Company before the completion of
his contract all money paid in by
him will be returned, together with
interest per- milium thnt has been
charged   against   him.—Exchange.
The above sjieaks for itself us another of those clever schemes to so
fetter the wage slave as to make him
properly docile and submissive to his
master, lf he can be fettered with
some insignificant little property, ho
will, no doubt, be less inclined to
wince when the lash is laid upon his
bock b.v means of the exactions of
l he  boss. ,
Clever scheme.    Clover Yoakum.
Male "Symbol" clerks in the big
New York Central freight yards at
Dewitt, N. Y., have been substituted
by those of the female persuasion
It was found b.v the company that
women could do the work eniinlly
well, and could be obtained at ISO
per month, as against the |50 whiMi
had been paid the men.
There seems to be a lull in the Russian storm, if we nre to believe the
reports appearing in the capitalist
press. But whenever the veil is lifted enough for us to see anything of
the actual conditions, a scene of conflict is revealed extending over almost all Russia. Strikes are breaking out everywhere. Poland- and
Finland are in almost open revolt.
Disaffection is reported iu the army
at numerous points. The red terror
carries on its deadly work of execution upon the tyrants and murderers
who compose the autocracy. Humors
come of revolutionists being found
within the Oar's household, and the
St. Petersburg police have become so
affected with revolutionary sympathies that it hus been found necessary to accompany each policeman
with a Cossack. Such a condition
cannot be long continued.
The Socialists of the world are offering an excellent example of international solidarity. From every
corner of the world funds are pouring in to assist the Russian comrades. One single collection agency
in the United States has already
sent over two thousand dollars and
is sending more weekly. Many more
sums ore doubtless sent directly by
those who have left friends behind in
Russia. European countries are responding much more liberally, because of their greater realization of
the need. Indeed the sums that havo
been sent b.v American Socialists are
still so small as to be disgraceful.
A letter received from a comrude
in Mexico, formerly living in the
United States, und for whose accuracy we can vouch, sends an account
of Ihe following events. For obvious
reasons the correspondent does not
wish   his name  mentioned:
On February 19th of this year the
first and last issue of a Socialist paper culled "Aurora Wocial" was published in Guadalajara, Mexico. The
editor was Rogue Estrada, a student
of the law school at that place. Ho
was at once arrested and put into
the states prison located in the city
where the paper was published and
which contains about 8,500 prisoners. 7-1 fellow students issued a
protest in leaflet form demanding his
release, not because the signers were
Socialists or necessnrily favored Socialism, but because they wished to
retain the right of free press which
is guaranteed b.v the Mexican constitution. As a result he was finally
released but was bonishod from the
state of Jalisco, being allowed but
one month in which to arrange his
affairs. The paper was printed in
Spanish nnd our correspondent assures us that its Socialism was the
real thing. Comrade Estrada is a
Mexican and doubtless will be heard
irom later. Meanwhile the government has demanded tnat the students
publish n retraction of their protest
They have refused to do this and we
shall wait further details of this
struggle  with  interest.
It is a long call from Mexico to
Japan, but the following pathetic
postal card which we have just received tells us how the same battle
is going on, the same sufferings being
endured, the same victory being kept
in-view by the Socialist workers in
every corner of  the world:
Bear Comrade: The final trial having decided, I am just going to the
prison. Few days ago I have written an article concerning the details
of the persecutions and sent it to
Comrade T. Mfirai, whom you know.
I hope you will hear from him. Now
I must go.   Au Revoir.
Fraternally yours,
I).  Kotoku.
The capitalist press gave wide circulation to a report from Germany
that the Socialists had been wholly
discredited in the coal fields of Germany as a result of the Ruhr strike. ,
It was reported that Socialist agitators had been driven from the
mines and that the Socialist Party
was practically disrupted in that lo.
cality. These are the facts, as reported by the papers on the spot.
The German Miners' Union has grown
with great rapidity during the last
lew months. Its membership has
doubled in the Ruhr field and is increasing daily. The Miners' organ
which had ('.">,000 circulation on the
first of January, 1905, now has
155,000 circulation and this paper
supports the Social Democratic Party. The army of organized miners is
today stronger and better eouipped
than ever before, and all this has
been done in spite of the fact that
the Anarchists and the capitalists
combined to discredit in all possible
ways the activity of the Socialists.
The workers on tho Italian railroads have recently been conducting
a peculiar sort, of strike. The stoppage of work on a government railroad having been judged as conspiracy treason, they decided to use other methods. Taey adopted the policy
of simply enforcing all rules. Every-
inspection demanded by the rules was
scrupulously carried out, all stops
were made exactly as ordered and as
I a result the trains were from two
hours to a day behind time, and in
: some cases the service was so crip-
I pled that one-fourth of the trains
wbre entirely dropped. The irovern-
ment finally agreed to some slight
concessions, but the struggle is not
yet  ended.
Keir Hardie has recently aroused
considerable interest in the introduction of the following motion tin the
House of Commons:
"Provision of meals for school
children. That, having regard to
recommendations contained in the report of the Physical Deterioration
Committee, particularly regarding
the importance of providing proper
food for children, this house declares
in favor of powers being immediately
conferred upon oducationnl authorities for enabling them to charge the
funds under their control with the
cost of supplying meals to children
attending school."
The Socialist movement in Sweden
moves steadily onward. A congress
was recently held in which it was
shown that tho party membership
had increased from twenty thousand
in 1897 to forty-four thousand in
1900, and at the present time it is
over sixty-three thousand.
—International   Socialist  Review.
he   Difference   Between  Labor   and  Labor  Power
ure   few   persons   today   who
'I     realize    that    something    is
with the sociul und industrial
fs of mankind.    As to whut that
|g    is,   and   the   remedy   for   it,
is  wide  divergence  of  opinion.
I rule men pronounca those things
|c  which  unfavorably affect   their
lal   welfare,   and  are in nowise
"U'lied  about  any   other.    In  fii'l
I her  real   wrong can exist.   When
lu-rve   of   material   interest   culls
pun's attention to the existence
j wrong,  thut   person will  almost
Jiubly  attempt to place the ro-
pibilily for the wrong upon some
Individual    or  individuals.    It
! not seem  to occur  to him  that
fviong   may    have    sprung  from
away   beyond   nnd  outside  of
(duals,    and    over    which   they
hud   no    control.     Tho  fanner
I Unit the milling and beef coin-
do not pay    him   what   they
to pay for his wheat and cat-
af  the other  trusts charge   him
inch   ,or   the   things   he   pur-
■   :The small  dealer feels   that
»s been  wronged  by  tho larger
vho  has   undersold  him,   or   by
"railroad    charging    exhorbituiit
The   wage  earner    feels    ag-
k'd towards the employer because
|»'s not.  pay   higher  wages,   and
|*<ls the "scab" and striiko-bieak-
lauso  they have  the impudence
"Ike  Ihe  place  ho  makes  vacant
rebellious  moment.    And so on
;h the whole gamut, each indi
vidual measuring things from his
own narrow standpoint, attributes
his wrongs, either real or fancied, to
the shortcomings of others.
It bus become quite the fnshiort to
picture the so-culled "Irtisls" of Hi-
dnv, us veritable) dragons of iniquity
conjured forth at the hands ol selfish and greedy monsters in human
form. They aro denounced as huge
conspiracies against the public welfare, and strenuous efforts -are put
forth to Inflame the public mind
agttlnst them. It were well to note
thnt those who engage in denouncing
them fall into tlu» error of measuring the public welfare by thecii'cum-
scribed limits of their own narrow
raised by the "independent produr-
inulerinl interests. Tho hue and cry
tiie Standard Oil Company, nnd tho
ers" in the Kansas oil fields aguinst
legislation demanded) has been done
iu tho interest of the public well'aie,
with the •'independent producers" as
(ho public. The hubbub kicked up
about the "beef trust" is another
case ill point, with the smaller dealers in similar lines posing ns the
If tho truth be told these huge
business concerns differ from the
smaller ones in magnitude only.
They have grown to their present
proportions out of the competitive
era of business. They are the logical consequence of competition in the
production and sale of commodities,
with the single exception of the commodity  LAUOK  POWER.
.Iusi why this particular commodity is excepted will be shown later
on. The production and sale of commodities can be carried on more economically upon a large scale than
upon a small one. Hence the small
concern cannot stand up in competition with Ihe large one. The latter
being enabled to produce and distribute more cheaply, can undersell the
former   and   drive   it.   from   the   field.
As the smaller concerns nre driven
from the field their owners aro forced
inlo.-'the ranks of Ihe wage earners,
and their former trade added to
the volume of thut of the linger
ones. The relative strength of competing capitalists, or capitalist concerns, is (Intertillnod by thu relative
size of their capital. There is no
more Justification for the accusation
of Selfishness and greed aguinst the
one than tho other. Those at the
head of capitalist concerns either
large or sinall are in no sense of tho
word masters of capital. Capital is
their master. They are but Its
spokesmen nnd servants, to interpret
its demands nnd comply with its requirements.
Capital is nn impersonal thing,
therefore, without human attributes.
Tho corporation, that up-to-date expression of capital in volume, has
been described as with neither "soul
to save, heart to fn-1, nor body to
kick." And yet, while capital ox-
presses itself through its olficors as
inflexible,     arbitrary     and     without
mercy, once these men step outside
their offices they become clothed with
human attributes; good husbnnds.
fathers, friends, and oftentimes gen
erous, philanthropic and companionable to a fault; strange contrast between the beast of capital and th"
human  being.
The one commodity above all others which is in some cases an exception to the general rules governing
commodities, is the workingman's
commodity, labor power. It is
bought und sold, and its exchange
value determined, just like uny other
commodity. Unlike others it is not
bought and sold by the same person.
Others may bo bought and sold numerous times before being purchased
for consumption, while lubor power
is almost invariably sold and purchased for that purpose only. Out
of the purchase of labor power and
its consumption in wealth production
all capital and capitalist profit
couies. The sum total of human exploitation takes place under this act.
While the production and sale of any
other commodity not only may, but
must concentrate in the hands of one
concern, as a result of the competitive struggle, lubor power is an exception to the rule. As the weaker
competitors in any other line are
crowded out by the stronger, the
former lose their position as owners
and are gotten rid of, ns far as the
latter are concerned, by being sloughed   off   fnto   the ranks   of   the   wage
earners  where they can cause no further annoyance as capitalists.
Not so, however, with the weaker
ones in the competitive struggle
among the producers and sellers of
labor power Ihe wage earners. There
being im lower sociul strata into
which they can be sloughed, they
cannot be gotten rid of as producers
and sellers of labor power. A percent age of the workers mny be, and
are, forced Into what is termed the
'submerged tenth," but this of necessity hus its limitations, and those
forced into it are quite apt to struggle out and get into the market
again. Practically speaking, the
number of producers and sellers of
Ihe commodity labor power cannot
be reduced, therefore, a monopoly
cannot bo attained, competition cun-
iiiil be stilled. As competition is
lessened among capitalists by the
weaker being forced over the brink
into wage slavery, the competition
among sellers of labor power is Increased by these additions to their
ranks. To the extent that competition decreases among capitalists, it
increases among wage earners. When
it shnll have been entirely eliminated
anions the former' it will be ut the
heighth of its Intensity among the
latter, in spite of all their agreements to the contrary notwithstanding.
That which the worker sells to the
employer or capitalist Is labor power, and not labor. The former is the
commodity sold, the latter is what
the worker experiences in delivering
the goods. For his power to labor,
or labor power, ho receives its exchange value us a commodity. If a
given (plantHy of food, etc., will
produce a day's labor power, the
exchange value of u day's labor power .will  bo equivalent   to  that of    the
food, etc., and vice versa. If the labor market bo oversupplied with laborers it can be easily seen that,
competition among them will keep
the price of labor power (wage) down
to that  of enough  food,  etc.,  to re-
firoduce the lubor power. That is,
abor power will be held at tho point
of its true exchange value. No commodity Is worth more than another
one Just like it. If a given amount
of food, by being consumed by a laborer will be produce a day's labor
power, then the day's labor power
and the given amount of food possess an equal exchange value. The
lubor power is exchanged for tho
food. The food consumed by the laborer reproduces a day's labor power. Tho laborer has then exchanged
one day's lubor power for another
one just like it, and that is all any
commodity   is  worth  in  exchange.
The uct of labor is quite a different
thing, however. The expenditure of
a day's labor power produces more
than enough food, etc., to reproduce
it. As the labor power was purchased as a commodity, at its full exchange Value, whatever the labor
produces in excess of that remains
as a now or surplus value in the
hands of the purchaser. Nothing
short of Ihe entire product could pay
the worker for his lubor. Much loss
thun thnt, however pays him the
full exchange value of his lubor power, as a commodity.
Once an understanding of capital
and capitalist production is arrived
at, it will be seen that the wrongs
complain hI of by the farmer, wage
earner, etc., and for which they
havo been holding individuals responsible, are attributable, and incidental to capitalist production. They
are the logical and necessary acts of
capitalist property, and not the acts
of individuals as such,
Mi ■
April  22
ilii il
He Western Dark
Published every Saturday in the
Interests of the Working Class alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street,  Vancouver,  B.  C.
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live or more.  75 cents each.
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Address all communleatloos to
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Watch the label on your paper
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SATURDAY    April  22,   1005
Editor  Western   Clarion:
Bulletin No. .150, of the United
States census of the year 1900,
gives the following interesting figures: In agriculture there were during the census year, 5,739,657 establishments engaged with a total
capital of $20,51-1,051,838. The
average number of employes was 10,-
338.519, and the total value of the
product. 3,764,177,706. In manufacturing, 640,606 establishments,
with a capital of $9,884,424,167,
employed ar. average of 5,393,246
persons, and the value of the output
was  $13,011,876,790.
By the above wo see that there was
more than twice as much employed
in agriculture as in manufacturing,
and almost twice the number of persons employed. The total value of
the finished product was about four
times as much in manufacturing as
in agriculture, nnd the earning capacity of the corporation capital
about eight times ns much as that
of private or individual capital.
Why do such conditions exist?
—Abel  Hallberg.
Greenwood, B.  C, April  10, 1905.
To apply the term capital to at
least, the greater portion of the
twenty billions credited to agriculture is a misnomer. In so far as it
consists of moans of self-employment,
by the owners, it does not take on
the function of capital, which is to
exploit, or,mako a profit, out of labor. Only thnt portion which represents the larger concerns, and operated solely by wage labor, properly
belongs under the term of capital.
As'we go down tho lino of the smaller establishments we find less of the
earmarks of capital, that is, the exploitation of wage labor. The smaller farmers, it is true, employ wage
lubor lo a more or less limited extent, but ns the large, and more
clearly capitalist, concerns, through
cheaper production have a very potent influence upon the market, the
smaller farmer i.s as a rule forced to
surrender to big capital at least a
goodly portion of such profit as he
may havo been able to wring from
his wage laborers. Still further down
the line is found the farmer whose
operations are circumscribed to such
limits as admit of the employment
of no labor outside of himself nnd
' family. Such person's holdings are
devoid of all capitalist character, although they no doubt represent a
very considerable portion of the
twenty billions referred to.
With manufacture, trade and transportation, however, it is different.
The holdings of those interested function almost exclusively as capital,
by the direct exploitation of wage
labor. As no inconsiderable portion
of farm products go into the factories as raw materials of manufacture,
it should be remembered that their
value Is embodied in that of tho factory output, A very large portion
of the three and three-quarter billions of agricultural products will
thus lie found in the thirteen billions
turned out of the factories.
The difference between the sum prnid
to wage laborers and working farmers, and the total value of the products as they were turned out of the
factories, would closely approximate
the extent of Ihe exploitation of the
wealth producers up to that point,
but it by no means tells tho whole
story. The process of production is
not completed, nor the full exchange
valuo realized until tho product has
reached the hand of the consumer.
From the factory door to the consumer i.s ns a rule no inconsiderable
journey, involving the labor of numerous other wage earners who assist in producing the linul and complete  exchange  vnlues.
lf there is any one thing that
stands clearly forth In the figures
our correspondent has gathered from
the Census Bulletin, it is the absolute domination of capitalist property over private or individual property. Tho latter though still widely prevalent in agriculture and kindred pursuits, affords next to no protection to its owners against, the exactions of Ihe former.    It becomes a
veritable will-o'-the-wisp to its owner, in distracting his attention from
capitalist property,. the real cause of
the increasing pressure he feels coming upon him. Flimsy though the
disguise may be. private or individual property in the means of production screens, from its owner the
cold and brutal fact of his exploitation as n wealth producer, at the
hiiniis of capitalist property. Under
the garb of this small property is
hidden the naked shamelessness of
wage slavery Though the average
sninll farmer flatters himself thot ho
does not work foi; wages, that which
he usually gets instead is indeed a
sorry substitute. While the wage
earner is forced to surrender his labor power to capitalist, property direct, the small former first crystal-
izes his into commodities and is
then forced to surrender them into
the same hands. This is but an indirect method of reaching the same
result as that arrived at by the wage
earner, i. e., the poverty tbat comes
from complete  exploitation.
Our correspondent's query is easily
answered. These conditions exist because the wage earner and farmer
insist on stupidly clinging to ideas
of property that do not tit in with
the modern Implements and method
of wealth production. With superstitious reverence they cling to the
idea of individual property in wealth
production, in spite of the fact that
the individual hus long since been
unhorsed, by collective production,
or production carried on en masse.
Being as yet victims of their ancient
superstitions, they fail to see that
the means of carrying on collective
production (mines, mills, lands, factories, railways, etc.), those things
which function us capital, must be
owned collectively by those who use
them 'the workers), if they are to
realize any of tho benefits arising
from their operation. So long as
they remain steeped in this superstitious folly, the present semi-collective or capitalist form of property
will remain in the saddle, and at the
end of each year it will require a
longer row of figures to express what
tho capitalists get, and the workors
do not get, out of the toil and sweat
of the latter.
It   has   been   said   that   there  are
none so blind as those who will not
see.   No more convincing illustration
of its truth could be furnished than
that afforded by a certain section of
tho so-called   labor  movement  which
of late has  become  afflicted with    a
sort of Utopian dream dubbed industrial  unionism.    Tha  worthy person«|
thus  unhappily   afflicted,    appear  to
have  awakened   to   some   sort  of    a
realization of  the fact that whatever
efficiency   the   trade  union  may  have
possessed   in   the   past,   it   has    been
lost   in these days of gigantic mobilization of capital, and concentration
of economic power. .Before their very
eyes occur  daily  demonstrations   of
the absolute futility of the penniless
wage sluves expecting  to  wring con
cessions from a labor market chronically    overstocked.     Each    recurring
attempt   ends   in   more  complete  defeat than  its  predecessor.    Some   of
the most, sadly afflicted ones, within
the  past   twelve  months  have  themselves   token   part,   in  such   attempts
upon  no   mean   scale,   only   to  meet
with complete defeat and overwhelming  disaster.    They  even   profess  at
least some knowledge of the commodity character  of  labor power,    and
tho circumstance and condition surrounding  its  sale,  and yet,   in spito
of  the teachings of a century of absolute failure;  in spite of the repeated   and   overwhelming    defeats    that
aro daily  being suffered,  in spite of
their   own   disastrous  experiences   of
recent   times,   and   in   spite   of   their \
professed   knowledge  of  labor's   true
position in present-dny society,  they
delude themselves,  and use every effort in their power to delude others,
into  the  belief   that  this  lost  cause
can  be  made   to   rise—Phoenix   like— \
from the ashes of its defeat, merely1
by  indulging  in   tho ridiculous  farce
of re-christening and re-bupt izing it. 1
The  trnde   union   is    essentially    a
trust, and it cannot break nwuy from
tho trust feature, and line of action.
Tho only logical trade union lis that
confined  strictly  to craft,  lines.     So
long ns  production   was    carried  on
by hand,  rendering necessary a high
degree of skill on the part of the individual   workman,   it   was   possible,
for those within the combine, to keep
others   out   of   the   trade  and    thus
maintain   n    sort  of    monopoly    for
themselves,   nnd   out  of  which    they
derived a benefit.   As they could prevent, the trade being invaded by oth
ers,    they   could     escape    the    compel it ion  that   would otherwise occur
and   which   would   tend  to  force    tho
wage  to an  ever lower figure.    With
the  advent   of    machinery    into    the
process   of    production,    craft    linos
were little by little broken down.   As
the machine  was   made   to   furnish
the skill  formerly provided    by   the
individual workmen, it became more
and more impossible for them to
maintain a monopoly of their particular crafts. With every" forward
step fn the development of capital-
production, the trade union position
became more untenable and illogical
A trust is a combination of persons, firms or even corporations,
bound together by nn agreement ns
to prices, conditions of sale, etc., of
their particular commodity or commodities. The strength of such a
combine is determined by that of its
weakest member. Each must sell in
order to meet expenses, that is, in
order to survive. When one is forced
by stress of circumstances to cut
prices in order to obtain purchasers,
the combine collapses. Like a chain
it snaps asunder nt its -weakest link.
The Standard Oil Trust was one of
the first, if not actually the first,
trust among capitalists. It went to
pieces for the reasons stated above
When   its  weakest  link  gave  way  it
[ collapsed. The Rockefeller outfit,
however, is composed of men of
sense, fine lesson was sufficient to
show them the weakness of the trust.
Out of its ruins came the Standard
Oil Co., quise a different thing. A
huge combination of capital, it absorbed the various separate establishments in the field of oil production, and did away w-ith the competition in that line. A chain was then
constructed as it were with but a
single link. The trust feature was
abandoned, and control of the oil
industry secured by the one gigantic
concern. Monopoly wns reached at
the end of a fierce competitive journey. It was secured by a combination of capital of sufficient magnitude,   and    consequently   power,    to
[control the field of production and
sale   by  eliminating   the  unnecessary
I producers and dealers. Stick a pin
The labor trust was the first trust
formed, of which wo have any trustworthy information. Skilled workers in various handicrafts formed la-
[ bor trusts by binding themselves together with agreements as to prices,
conditions of sale, etc. As outlined
above, croft lines were eventually
broken down as capitalist production
developed. As their labor trusts
went to pieces, through their weaker
members being forced to break the
'agreement, or by outsiders breaking
into the trnde ond cutting the wage,
no gigantic combine could rise from
the ruins to control the field of production mid sale of labor power, by
eliminating the unnecessary dealers
(wage earners).
The reason wns self-evident. There
was no lower economic class into
which these unnecessary ones could
lie forced. Therefore, like Bunrmo's
ghost they would not eliminate. In
fact they could not. With the advancement   of   capitalist   production,
t labor trust after labor trust, has met
{defeat and disaster. Knocked down
they rise up, upon the same lines
only to be knocked down ugiiin. The
more   complete   the   development    of
I capital, the easier to deliver the
knockout blow and the harder the
fall-   Tho more complete the develop-
iment of capital and the nearer its
approach to the end of the competitive journey, the more completely are
the wage earners plunged into competitive strife Capital was born in
fierce eompet.tion and the end of its
journey i.s the comparatively peaceful  haven of monopoly.    The journey
J of wage labor, however, is the other
wuy. Begun in monopoly by the
oJdtiine  handicraftsmen,   its end  lies
i ia the fiercest and most brutal compel it ion imaginable. Fully developed
capitalism implies a world-wide labor, market chronically overstocked.
Out, of such a condition men can be
recruited for any purpose, however
vile What a plentiful crop of strikebreakers, deputies, thugs and assassins such conditions will afford,
ought to be already known by every
trade unionist on earth. It should
be especially familiar to the late
strikers on the lntorborough car linesj
in New York, at tho packing houses
in Chicago, and in thu mines of
To extend union organization to
take in every worker on enrth, by
no' means eliminates the labor market nor alters its conditions. Such
an organization is still confronted
with the manifest impossibility of
fitting a large number of workers
into o limited number of jobs, or of
breaking down the laws of exchange.
To fly in tho face of obvious facts
and to induce others to do so, is
folly that must end in disaster.
This union superstition seems as
firmly fixed upon its followers, as
was tho religious superstition of tho
middle ages upon its devotees, and
it has no more basis in fact. If
those who by their vary position as
spokesmen and leaders of tho so-
called labor movement refuse to recognize the facts which stare them
in the face, and tho rank and file are
weak enough to follow such leadership, it will be but another case of
tho "blind leading the blind" into
the inevitable ditch.
The task confronting the working
class is the abolition of the wage
system, and its filthy corollary, the
labor market. To accomplish this
culls for the best energies of the
workers, and demands that time,
energy and means be no longer wasted in silly and futile juggling with
the conditions and circumstances of
that market. To conquer the public-
power for this purpose is the supreme demand of the hour. If half
as murh energy and means were expended for this purpose during the
nexr, as has been wusted in this iooi
struggle in the past decade, the task,
would  be accomplished.
Many may not, some cannot, others will not see. None, however, so
blind ns tho latter.
And now it would seem that the
steam railroad has a close rival in
the art of killing and wounding; for
the latest statistics of the Census
Bureau show that during a single
year 1,218 persons were killed and
47,429 injured by street railway
lines in this country. To those of
us who happen to live in New York,
where just now the daily collision
on our elevated and subway lines,
with its list of casualties, is an item
that we should miss from our morning paper, these figures may not
prove so startling as to the citizen
who travels under more normal conditions; but in all conscience they, aro
big enough to be positively shocking,
particularly when we remember that
a great number of street car accidents are never reported. Added to
the statistics of steam railroad Occidents they show that
people are being killed at the
rate of 5,300 and wounded at the
rote of 100,000 a year! And it all
happens to persons who nre engaged
in the "peaceful pursuits" of "the
most highly developed civilization"
of modern times.
Add together two or three years
of such statistics, and you get a total casualty list equalling that of
thi> Russo-Japanese war.
Odd, is it not, that we should
blench with horror, as we read in one
column of the wholesale killing and
wounding on Manchurian battlefields
of men whose profession it is to kill
and be killed, and yet read in the
next column with easy composure of
the day-by-day killing and wounding
of our neighbors and associates, under circumstances for which in nine
cases out of ten there is no excuse
whatever to be offered.—Scientific
gaW Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this bead. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
It would seem that by no means all
of the risks of industry are assumed
b.v ca|fttal, and the risks of war,
however great, appear in no way to
exceed the risks of peaceful pursuits.
It is plain from reading the above
that it is about as safe to go to war,
as to stay at home and engage in
peaceful   industry.
Tho Scientific Americnn need not
be surprised over if, however. Industry is carried on for the purpose of
profit nnd this in itself precludes all
assurance that proper safeguards will
be taken to protect the life and limb
of he who engages in it. With a labor market overwhelmingly supplied
with labor, there is little reason why
masters of industry should go to
needless expense to provide precautionary measures and safeguards to
avoid an occasional killing or maiming. As far as the workingman is
concerned he is worth practical'.'- nothing from a cash point of view.. If
placed hors du combat, in industrial
warfare, his place Is immediately
taken by another, and industry suffers neither shock nor delay. The
only way to look at the matter is
from the standpoint of dollars and
cents. So long us capitalist profit is
not made to diminish thereby, it is
of little moment how many are killed
or crippled. It is rather a heartless
way to look at tho matter it is true,
but capitalist property is devoid of
all feeling other than that which expresses  itself in its balance sheet.
However much tho Scientific American may deplore the fact the killing und maiming will continue so
long as the rule of capital exists.
If the paper would remedy the evil
it will need to take a different course
than  that  of   merely   Unocal ing    the
 o ■
Some two years ago a strike of
machinists took place in the shops of
tbe Patch Manufacturing Company,
of Rutland, Vermont. After the
strike was over the company went
into court with a suit for damages
alleged to have been suffered because
of the strike. After a lively legal
fight a judgment of $2500 against
the  strikers   was  obtained.
An appeal to the supreme court
was taken on behalf of the strikers.
That court in a decision recently
handed down confirmed the decision
of the lower court, and the company
is now about to collect the amount
of the judgment by seizing the private property of such of the men as
are fortunate, or rather in this case
unfortunate enough to have any.
The position of tho wage earner is
continually becoming more untenable.
With all of the machinery of government in the hands of tho employ ing
class, it is possible for that class to
make life a burden to the workers.
Tho present ruling class like Its predecessors manifests a hearty dlsposl-
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. refers, Alt. Leah,
A. .1. Wilkinson, treasurer; .1. Q.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
1 of B. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening in the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 313 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock in the Le Petite
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
evening at 8 o'clock in the Sullivan
B. C.
u. rcic.no a(- S|M -i(jfr
Hand-Made Boot! and Shorn to order in
nit styles.   kepaiting promptly and neatly done.     Stock  of Maple  rrady-made
Shorn always on baud.
MM WeetMeeter Aw.      ■"heat flttuat.
J. EnwARi) Bird. A. 0. Hhyhon-jack.
Geo. K McCHumuN.
Railway Block.   Tel. K».    P.O. Box Wfi
3M ffaitfeei Street     -    Veeceever, I. C.
tion to use Its power without mercy
in the protection of its material interests. Decisions of the character
of tho one mentioned are becoming of
frequent occurrence, and ought to
show to the worker the necessity of
some other line of action than the
one usually followed.
With the powers of government in
possession of the class which profits
by the present labor-skinning process,
usually dignified by tbe term "free
labor" the workers' condition is
truly a precarious one. Turn which
way he will he finds himself up
against capitalist -made laws, with
capitalist courts to interpret, and
capitalist executives to enforce them.
The very purpose of caHtallst government must of necessity be to hold
him within the confines of the labor
market and compel him to meekly
submit to its iron dictum. It is
about time the workers realized that
they are up against a political struggle for tho conquest of the public
powers, if they are to relieve the,m-
selvei from the fierce exploitation of
which they are now the victims. No
more energy should be wasted afong
the lines of the so-called battle in
the "industrial field." It is altogether too onu-sided. Huge combinations of capital backed Ir all tho
[towers of government cannot be
brought to book by men whose weapons consist of empty stomachs.
livery tabor tntoii m the or, ,.,       -m
1 to place a card under II,,. CdV,u'- k ,
ith.    Uecretariea pleaae uoie. »**B
Greenwood   Miners'
evening in Union hell. J?R RiUfl
Ireenwood   Miners'   Union nT^I
president; Ernest    Milb
Phoenix Trades and Labor   <3Tbu
Meets    every    alter,,.,,,-    J«N
John  Riordan, president'    1;-i
Brown,  vice-president;    p   n  S
c^se sergeant-at-arms; VV  11 J4
»toJTi «cmary.treaiorer p ,', S*
198,  Phoenix,  B. C '   ' ^
Ph°en»  wMinf»'    Union,
W.   1«.   M.     Meets    every
evening  nt  7.10 o'clock  in
hall.   Wm. Harnett, preaidi
Riordan,   secretary.
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No
F. M.    meets every third
from July 2.   Alfred Andre
ident; Jonathan    leherwoi
Box  259,   Nanaimo,   H.   1
ing secretary.
The    International    Brotherhood
Electrical Workers.—Local No nt
Meets  second   and   fourth    ThinJ
days at I. B. F.. W.  Hall, RoogL
Ingleside      Block.      President,
Dillabough;     recording    icereUI
Geo. P. Farr; financial secretary, J
H. Sellar.    Address all coiiiniunia
tions   lo   the   hall.    All   lojounni
brethren cordially invited.
LAD1RH   ANU   (.'KNTl.KMI.N   ,„ J
and adjoining territorial to repra.
and advertise the Wholesale „,i.i pJ3
tionai Departments ol un old esUbUd.
house ai Holld financial standing sj
ry   f.'I.SO   per   day,   with     expanses
vanced  Bach   Monday  by    check   di^
from    hend(ruartei»       Morse   anil   |IU,
furnished   when   necessary;    position L
manent.      Address,   Illew   llroa.   &  Cfl
Dept,   «.   Monon   llldg .   Chicago,   nj
If n person can purchase an article cheaper than he could make it,
how could ho be robbed as a consumer?   Figure it out.
The Oldest Labor Piper ia Canadi
Always* fearlesssexponent In the
lesss expoiic
-e of liilmr.
For one ilollnr the paper will I* |
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen of nil countries will I
soon recognize the  fact   thnt  lliej I
must : 'ipiMiit anil read   their  l;i!«:
Issued every Friday.
The Voice Publishing Co., Limits |
Published  Weekly  by  the
Weitera Federation Of Miners
A Vigorous  Advocate of Labor 11
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.       Six Months, 'M
Denver, Colorado.
There are many forms In which \t\
bacco is used,  but
Kurtz's Own Kurtz's Pioneer
Spanish Blossoms Cigars
Is   the.  height  of  perfection  of tlntl
all.    Only  the best material is us
in them, and they aro mude hy ski
led   Union   workmen.     We  giiamnti
them to be composed of  the belt 9
Clear  Havana  Fillers  with   the Wl
of Sumatra wrappers.
Kurtz & Co.
Pioneer Clear Manufacturers
United Hatters of North America!
When you are buying a FUH HAT let   to
the tlenuine Union Label |a sewed In it.    If  a
has looae labels In his |,otii)emi»n and offers
one In a hat for you, do not patronize  him.
labels In  retail  stores are counterfeit!*.      The
Union Label la perforated on four edges,   exai
same u a postage stamp.    Counterfeit*     arc
times perforated on three edges, and *oine tlm
on two.    John B. .Stetson Co., of Philadtlphli
non-union concern,
JOHN  A.  MOFKITT, President, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN    LAWLOR,    Hecretary,    ll   Waveilv
New York.
Il tW
to n
:tlji   (A
DM <4
In    l» '
lOCIALiai* la Inevitable, That mean* our economic and eocU}.
development will aome day make It clear even to the dullest OilM
that a solution of onr industrial problem* ia poaalble only by I";
""J™1 co-operation. But are we to look on passively end wig1
until tbe mind more dnll and dense than oar own, mm nt lu»*
reasoned It ont all by itaelf ? Certainly not. We wunt to get theft
sooner. And we will get there In the near future If we set tow""
and educate the man who Uatill groping In the dark. We knoji
thing* will make him aee the light aome day, but we w«n' hW
I? ,ee.it n.ow- Therefore onr Inceaaant propugnndu nnd n|!""'
tion. To do good work yon need good tool*. Select yoor prop'
»*£°*.«>W"«1 carefully and you will aee reaulta. Two book"
aa/sm-.... __ T"1 tHtA" «"•»»• of »ociell*t propaganda are , „,„
WODEHN SOCIALISM.GtbEdition;lSOPkges; Papcr25c,Cloth *>'
{Ei!iKl";?itf%^ to aw*
aoweraorm Comrade Co-operative Co they are sold at a dl.count of 40 per cent
1 °r^^^^^7uV,^iAiii •loV°^ aVBSSjov wagon to the
COMRADE COOPERATIVE COMPANY, 11 Cooper Square. Now Yorji m.
(Triumph of theSfcciai Revolution
From "Socialism,"   by  "SVefl oriak  Engele.
Inutorialist  conception  o.   his-|sivuly '   [org being ready.    Mo single
m oceeds upon the principle thu | 9*r*i.       ->uW   say   ol   them:     This   I
jihiion, and, next to production,
exchange oi its products, is the
nduork of every social order;
iluii i" every social system that
,,risen hist >rically the distribu-
ol Ihe pioducts, together will-,
social divisions into clashes and
i-s, depends upon that, which is
need, and the manner in whiwi
i produced, and u' upon the
u, i in which the art*ci< -> produc
i-u exchanged.   At ordi g to this,
prime    cuuses     o'     all     social
t'cs and political revoiu'ionb ava
|!„<    traced    not   to the  lu-ai s   of
n,it to 'their increasing pertfip-
,,f "eternal trut'- and justice,"
,, ihe change- in the method i|
n i inn und exchange; they are
- traced,  not. to philosophy, but
||, oitomics   of     the   resins tl\
The   awakening   perception
listing  social   institutions  are
unable  and   unjust,   thut  I  net?
iriiine     lion-sonso,     and    right
is  only   an  evidence  Kit,    in
i hods of production an'  forms
Image, changoe    have «|  ptij
place with  which    th     ■ , i,,i
lilted lo the previous i-coriiiiulr
[lions   is   no   longer   in   keeping.
|i><   ii   is ii   the  name 11 ue  im-
iIimi the in<. -is        Hi,, removal
. discovered ale .   ■ must bo la-
iml more or loss u 'vioped IU
|lianged conditions   ii pi 'duction
plves,    Hut these n oi.ns    re hot
invented   by   tin-   hi .ir
• lie discovered with the
urn Ins, in the material '
|ii iion that  are hand.
now,  does  it   stain'  v I I
existing social order—a-d this
is now pretty generally ,-onci-il-
ilie creation of   'ie pi-, sent ml-
Hass,   the capita' st  class.     The
d of productio peculiar Lo the
Bnlist class, whi iiti'e the time
lui'X.  hus been <lui».      Led  "cupi-
production," wu    incompatible
the privileges appertaining to
(ties und estates, ius well «-, will,
Initial) and personal bunds of thi |M* <'u" tools, and. as a ml
|l order.   The capitalist  i loss (tied  the feudal  order and erected
its tuins the cc titution of
alist  society,   the  empire  of fr-v
I ney
1(1  of
s  of
liberty   of emigration, matter  of eoura
Hy .ghtfl  among  owners  of i product    rested,
liuAe  u.ude;   this  is  my   work."
Wheie, however, tin- natural division, <)• lo.\lot within a community
ljec.oine.fl the basis of inilusiry, 11
sun ips   the   products   with   the  form
if commodities; whose mutual t&-
chunge, put chase, and sale, enables
ihe   individual   producers   lo   satisfy
l.uir manifold needs. This was the
case iu the middle Ages, Tim farmer,
for inst 'nre, sold to Ihe urlisiui ag
Ticultural ami bought in exchange
handicraft, products. Il was inlo tins
society of individual producers of
Commodities thul the new system of
production    pushed    itself.      Iii     thu
midst oi the natural, yet planless division of labor, as it then prevailed
throughout, there arose the planful
division of labor, as organized In the
si■; unite fucloiies. Alongside of individual,   social   production  itoppud
Up, Ihe products of both were sold
iii Ii- siiine market, hence at prices
at husi approximate!) oqual But
the planful organisation was more
powerful iluin tne natural division uf
labor, Tin- factories thai worked
I upon the liocial plan turned out tin-it-
I wares more cheapbj  than did the In
[dividual producer.     On one field after
Imioil'cr Individual production was
ihruwii down, until its social competitor  wholly   revolutloni/ed  the old
method, This notwithstanding its r
volutlonary charade* was so utti
recognized thai it wus, on the contrary, Introduced ns a means for aiding and promoting the production of
cou.uiodilicN. It nrose in direct connection with certain already existing
levers of production and exchange, lo
wit: merchants' capital, handicraft
und wage-labor, Vet, while it, ltsolf,
appeared aa a new form of production the old forms of appropriation
remained  in  full  vigor.
In the production of commodities,
such as hud developed in the middle
ages, the question could never arise:
To whom do the proceeds of labor
belong'.' The Individual producer bad
brought I hem forth by his own labor,  or  thut   of his family,  and with
',   OUt of
the raw materials belonging to, and
oflon produced by, himself. Tin-re
was no need of I heir bolng appropriated by, tlie.v belonged to, him as a
Property   in   the
I tainers of the feudal lords, the eject-
jinent of tho fanners from their homesteads, otc The divorce became
complete* between the means of production concent rated in the hands of
the capitalists, on the one side, and
the producers; on I lie other, reduced
I" tlie possession of nothing but their
A steam ermine in which tlie power
should be applied continuously to
produce rotation directly instead of
WBJBtoftillj Jerking a piston buck and
forth iii a cylinder, hus been the
dream 0/ many inventors. They have
produced hundreds of failures and
few successes, the greatest of these,
"I1 to dale, being tho various types
of the No-culled steam turbine. An-
othur kind   which is nearer In princir
pie,   to   II relating   types Of  steam
engine is the machine devised i,y
William M. Hoffman, of Buffalo,
which after thirty years of experiment  now  bids    inir, according   to
some experts, to eclipse nil its predecessors ,-iii(l even to revolutionize
transit. Hu,\s Wallace Armstrong,
writing in Leslies Monthly (February )j
"Many remarkable inventions have
had I heir striking romance, but there
is none in which the triumph of character i.s more signal than in the
Hoffman rotary engine. The patent
olliies of ihe nations have thousands
of patents on file, taken out by men
who thought they were about to succeed, and even now at least ten
thousand investigators have dropped
their work only long enough to learn
whether William M. Hoffman's uch-
levement is so great as to mako their
further research in vain. Many Notable mechanical experts have decided
that it is, and Dr. Nikola Stradola,
of the Zurich I'olylecliiiiiuin, the author of 'The Steam Turbine," says
thai ho believes Hoffman is ton years
ahead of any other specialist steam
engineer In tho world.   If ho hud been
lodities, and what all the other
kits   beat)     '-s may be.   Thenoa-
capltnltsi ,.i iduction could un-
ilh freed" i Hince steam and
jn machine', had ransformed
Id sysitt manufacture into
pf produotii n in gross, Inrius-
luitiiiid under l i,    ostoiing euro
capitalist clos. spauded with
Ipidity and • a dog run
'before heard of.    Hut  the same
its days, manufacture and iho
fcrafl thut. under il.- , Huence,
Iurther developed, came in con-
frith  the feudal  trillion-Is of tlie
system, so lik. wtise d ">s pro-
Bin   in   gross,   when
perfection come in coutaci
Ithe limits within which the
[ilisi method of production con-
lit. Already the new powers of
|rtlon have grown over the head
capitalist   form  of their utili-
The    conflict    between    the
and   the  mode  of  production
one that has sprung up from
•'.ol of man. like that between
lal sin nnd divine Justice; it exilic facts, objectively, outside
elves, Independent if the wish-
|l doings of even those who have
M   it   in.     Modern   Socialism  is
ft  else   but   the   intellectual   iv-
ihis actual   conflict,    whose
is  found   first   of all    in    tho
of that  class  which  suffers di-
by   it,   namely,    the    woi
accordingly, upon
one's own labor. Kven there where
the help of others was used, thnt, as
a rule, »vns on'.v a by-mutle-, and
often received, besides wanes, other
and furthiT remuneration. The guild
apprentice nnd journeyman, for instance, worked, not so much for the
sake of their board and wages as for
the sake of tilting themselves for
mastership. Thereupon came the concentration of the means of production iu large workshops and factories, und thereby their conversion into
means of production de facto social.
Bui these social implements and pro-
ii .cis were treated as (hough they
a now. as before, the implements
land products Of individuals, .viile,
t until now, the owner of the means of
labor hud taken the products becausi
us a rule, they were his own product, and foreign help was the exception, thenceforth the owner of the
im ans of labor proceeded himself to
appropriate the products, although
lliey were no longer HIS OWN but
th • product of 'I HE LABOR OF
(ill I.US. Accordingly, the now so-
clally produced commodities wera appropriated,  not  by those who actUal-
niere'y uu inventor of the first rank,
In- would not have succeeded, for he
has been compelled to be his own
laborer, financier, patent attorney,
und doctor us well.
"The details Of his engine, which
are now familiar to the scientific and
mechanical world, are simple. The
engines in use today are called reciprocal ing engines, because the piston is forced in one direction b.v the
Introduction of steam into one end
of 1 in- cylinder, and forced back by
the introduction of more steam into
the oilier end, and the starting and
stopping of motion thus achieved is
made   to   ding  g   wheel   around   by    a
crank attached to the" piston. Por
every revolution of that wheel, the
piston must start and stop twice.
In the Hoffman engine the cylinder
itself revolves. It encloses n steel
ellipse   tin Versed   by   a   hollow   shaft,
into one end of which the steam is
introduced, and from the other end
of which the exhaust takes place.
Steam is admitted by a port in the
~i'Io nf the ellipse, the cylinder, and
a  Segmental   blade    protruding    into
the space between tho ellipse and
the cylinder, but so arranged that it
can be pushed back into a housing
;1i tho cylinder as tho cylinder In revolving presses against tho surface
of the ellipse, lt has its duplicate
blade diametrically opposite in the
cylinder. The blade is moved by the
expanding steam, and forces the cylinder to revolve until the second
blade forces the further revolution,
each blade performing its function
for half the revolution."
That there is practically no limit)
to the speed of the engine, which
could, if applied to locomotion, drive
a train at the rate of one hundred
miles tyi hour with ease, is the claim
of its more enthusiastic advocates.
It should be remembered that the recent German high-speed experiments
showed clearly that the development
of great speeds is now chiefly a mutter of roadbed rather than that of
motor, It is more interesting to
rend of what HolTinun's engines have
actually done, lie has built twelve
in all, in the course of his years of
investigation, each on improvement
on its predecessor. Says Broughton
Bradenburg in The Technical World
(Chicago, April):
"The tests which have been made
during the past seven months gave
given  the following results:      ,
"The 50-horsO-pOwer engine which
is running the shop, compared with
the highest type of reciprorntliiig engine, has consistently shown an economy of .'Id per cent, nnd a saving of
7."> per cent, in the floor space, as
well as proportionate reductions in
friction anil load. Under the most
favorable circumstances the friction
load was IJ per cent., as compared
With 7 uer cent in the reciprocating
engine. The engine consumes 21
pounds of steam per horse power per
"In the 800-horso-powor compound
engine, which Is the largest of its
general type ever built, the economy-
has been increased lo .'".'I per cent.,
nnd the saving in floor space to 8u
per cent, while the friction load bus
been reduced to 1.1 per cent.
"In both sizes there is a complete
absence of vibration. As to speed,
Hoffman believes that in the present
types the resistance of the steel to
centrifugal force is the limiting condition in the smaller sizes, while in
the larger types the limit will be the
expansion of the steam. At first
glance it seems ns if the reverse
would be true. A specially constructed 13-inch drive wheel will stand
2,000 revolutions per minute. Taking this as a basis for speculative
calculations, one can figure that 11
train could travel 2*>0 miles an hour.
~  Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
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N«xt Door to Mason's.
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
"Jin does this conflict  consii
capitalist   production,   i.  <
• middle ages,  the   system   of
industry   prevailed   everywhere
ested  upon  the private owner*
'>'   the  producers  themselves of
instruments of production. A?
urn was conducted hy the small
or   dependent    farmer;   in    th'
instruments    of    labor—land,
Htural   Implements,   workshops.
■Wore   individual   property,   rul-
'I     only     for     individual   Use,
"ere,        accordingly,       pa.try.
,v|1     and      poor.        Por      thai i
'•"fiNon.      ns    ft      ,.,,!,,       thoy
ed to the producers themselves
'Mieiitrnto   thesi)  scattered    ar I
d  implements of production, to
'" Hiein, to transform them intr
[™en<  powerful lover of produce
"iiil    wos   exactly   the   historic
11 the capitalist method of pro-
jn,  and  its upholder,   the capl-
,'lass.    How it historically ac-
lsned   (his  sjnoe    the    fifteenth
IT,   through  the  three stores „f
co-operation, manufacture and
'tion    in   gross.   Marx has ex-
< circumstantially in the fourth
>f his work on Capital.   Hut (he
P"sf  class,  as  it.  is also  shown
could   not    transform    these
.'   implements into mightv pow-
lUlou.t turning them into social
meats  of  pioduction,   available
NPMHKR   mi*  MEN.    Tn   the
'» Ihe spinning-wheel, the hand
tha smith's hammer, there ap-
' tne spinning machine, the me-
loom  and   the   steam   hum-
11 the stead or the single work-
re appeared the factory that
'""d the combined labor of hun-
.and   of  thousands.    The  some
1,1   'he  instruments of produc-
Production    itself    was   trans-
irom n series of isolated into
PI of social acts, and  the pro-
f'om individual into social pro-
I The yarn,  the cloth,  the me-
' lies which  now  come  out  ol
Il'lo'y, were the joint product
"V working people through
hands  they had  to go succes-
dmii ui and actually had produced
the goods, but bj th'- capitalists.
Th"   i tipletnents oi   production and
production    itself   lad    become   esseii-
.illy social: yet, nevertheless, were
they subjected to a form of appropriation, which presupposes the existence nf private nnd individual pro-
luction, under which everyone owned
am brought his own products to
ii'' I, The new mode of production
ronmii ' hiect to the old form of
npci■■>pri. i'lti, although it does away
. Ill tho conditions upon which the
liter nas predicated.
In 'lus contradiction, which fin-
pans lo the new system of production its capitalist character, LIIRK8
l'\l,K"I' OF TODAY. The more the
I'l.'.seiit system of product ion gained
the upper hand on all Ihe leading
I I'b of industry and in all economically lending countries, und thcro-
i by r owded Individual production
down to trilling brunches, T1IK
The first capitalists found, as already stated, the form of wage-labor
in existence. Only, wage-labor was
then the except ion, it was a side oc-
cupntioti, a makeshift, a transitory
incident. The farm laborer, who occasionally worked for wages, owned
his couple of acres of hind, which sufficed, at a pinch, to puppoi'L him.
Thcprov'Shiiis of the guild saw to it
thai the journeyman of today became the 'iiuster of tomorrow. Soon,
however, ns tho means of production
became social, and were conceiitia-
tof' in the hands of capitalists, this
was phaagodi Both the means of
production und the products themselves of 'he small individual producer became more and more valueless. There was left to him nothing
but to l\int wuge-worker under Ihe
capitalist. Wnge-lnbor, formerly the
exception rind a makeshift, became
tne rule and the basis of the whole
system ' of production; formerly a
side occupation, now It became tho
exclusive persuit of the liillorer; the
temporary wage-laborer became one
for life. The number of tliese permanent wage-laborers was, moreover,
Immensely increased b.v the contemporaneous breaking down of the feudal  order,  the disbandmeiit  of the ro
il; conventi n a sembled, affirm ou *
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog:am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should 'uctly belong.. To tne
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
owners of the means of wealth pro-1 for the purpose of setting up and en
duction belongs the product of labor.
The present ecoiK mic system is based
upon   capitalist   ownership    of    the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class.   The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the state will be
used to protect\and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, nnd to the worker an evcr-
inc easing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
struggle for possession of the powei
making  allowance    for  friction    and
nir    resistance—or    more    than   four
miles per minute.    It seems probable
that  a  liner  could   be driven  across
the atlantic  in  less  than two days.
The things that are really attainable
however,  remain  to be proved in the
next decade     Thoy may be even more
wonderful   than    present    indications
warrant    us    to    assume."—Literary
,—. 0	
After a Jengt hy conference the committee o." operators and miners of the
Central Pennsylvania coal fields
signed a scale for the coming year.
The operatoes signed under protest.
Rather than assume the responsibility of bringing on a strike, thev submitted to the rapacious demands of
the merciless miners, who will for
the next twelve-month riot in that
luxury that comes Irom mining coal
at. 62 cents per ton. The conscience
of these callous wretches should prick
them severely for thus draining the
very heart's blood of the poor de.
fenceless and down-trodden operators.
Sam B. Donnelly draws $3,500 a
year as secretary of the National
Civic. Federation and lives in peace—
no one to roast him for every hotel
bill and the proverbial travelling expenses for a sleeper. Mr. Donnelly
was once the president of the International Typographical Union, and
in his position as secretary of the
Civic Federation has by no means
lost his love for organized labor.
though he is fair to the three great
parties involved—Capital Labor and
the  Public—Exchange.
To be fair to these "three great
parties" is such an easy job that it
is u wonder that Sam would have
the gall to draw down $3,500 a
yeur for doing it.
Needed in Every Home
A Dictionary of ENGLISH,
Biography, Geography, Fiction, otc
New Plate* Throughout
25,000  New Words
Phroaoa   and   Definition*
Prepared  under tlie direct supervision of W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., I.L.D.,
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Rich Binding*  2364 Quarto Page*
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*£g~The International was first issued
in 1890, succeeding the "Unabridged."
The New and Enlarged Edition of the
International was issued in October,
1900. Oet the latest and best.
We iiIbo publish
Wobator'a Collegia!* Dictionary
with Glossary of Scottish Words and Phrases
1100 P«gW.   1100 UluitmtiMn.   8i-«7xl0«SMIiK'liM.
"First-elass In quality, second-class In site."
Speclmea pages, etc. of both
books sent on application.
Springfield, Mass.
The Gurney Company, of Toronto,
gets a judgment against the unions
for damages suffered through the latter placing its goods upon the unfair
forcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, rt capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic .organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
a> possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests Of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands in such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
 — N
£**   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
'    Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and tlie working
class to Ik- a struggle for1 political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership 1 hereby agree to maintain or enter Into no
relations with any other political party", and pledge myself to support by voice,
vole and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Address /	
Age         Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19	
 Chairman  Rcc.-Sec.
Newspaper Publishing
WE ARE MAKING a specialty
of newspaper publishing,
and are prepared to give
estimates on printing all kinds of
weekly or monthly publications. If
-on are thinking of publishing any
kind of pamphlet or other matter necessitating a large amount of typesetting,  come  to  us as  we are par-
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 836
ticularly equipped for just sucn work.
Also anything In the way of olllco
stationery, business cards and advertising matter handled with neatness and despatch. f
Mail orders for Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed to the letter and sent return
mail, prices the same as for work
done in this city. Try us with an
va *
' IJ
53 i
1 ■
a  : '
••April 22
Treated to Outpourings of Flattery and Maudlin Sympathy
The recent incident at Salrno, B.
C, of the white employes of the
Kootenay Shingle Company being
ousted from their employment in favor of Chinese and Japanese workmen, has brought forth a lot of
high-flown editorial bombast about
the intelligence, magnanimity, fore-
bea'rance and law-abiding proclivities
of the Canadian citizen. Maudlin
sympathy galore has been poueed out
upon the ousted workmen and their
families. To make this sympathy especially palatable to the afflicted
ones, it has been well seasoned with
, a savory and judicious application
of phrases condemnatory of the
shiuglc company for making the
change of employes.
But in spite of it ull the cold fait
remains that the cheaper labor will
hold the fort, and the ousted workmen and their dependents will be
• forced to fare forth in search of employment elsewhero, If this were to
be their last experience of this* nature, it would not bo so bad, but
turn which way they may, they will
still be confronted by a labor market as wide as the earth, and con-
w j tinuully glutted  with  workers forced
J;J■;!      / to   dispose   of   their  commodity,   la
bor power, or perish. That employers of labor will take due advantage
of the conditions of this labor market in order to secure the cheapest
and .therefore tho most profitable labor from it, goes without saying.
And why they should not do so has
never yet been satisfactorily explained. Thu right of men to own shingle
mills und other forms of property,
and to purchase such supplies as they
may require wherever they can buy
most, cheaply, has not been denied
by the workingmen. In fact, the
Kulino workingmen who have met
with this recent unpleasant experience, wo believe to a man, voted at
the Dominion election last fall In
support of that right. Ho long as
the workers give their support to a
system of property which can only
stand by virtue of that right, they
should logically accept the consequences   ot  its  application.
The Kootenay Shingle Company in
this instance, in so far as we know,
vio.lutcd no law of either the Province or Dominion, nor did they step
outside of their rights as established
by  law,   and  sanctioned  by  the   ag-  to hit the trail.
grieved workingmen themselves. If
the Chinese and Japanes/ were disposed to furnish the Company with
labor power ut a lower rate thun
they, the company was within its
rights, already established by the
franchise of the workers themselves,
in taking advantage of the opportunity offered. The only legal right
possessed by the workers was to meet
the cut in the price of labor power
(wages), or "vamoose the ranch."
And as Ihis right was also established by the workers support of the
political'parlies of capital, it is really surprising that they should have
so forgotten the "dignity of labor"
us to have made an unseemly exhibition of themselves hy hooting the
Chinamen and .laps, and making
complaint over the company's action  in  the  exen ise of  its   rights.
Si line of these men, perhaps all of
them, will harbor ill feeling towards
the Orientals, under the impression
that, they have been ousted by these
workers of another race. If they will
but stop to reason a little they will
discover that the impression is a
false one. They were ousted from
their employment by the owners of
the shingle mills, men of their own
race, and presumably us loyal Canadians us themselves. In taking advantage, of tho condition of the labor
market to obtain the cheapest labor
possible, they have acted only in
obedience to the demands of their
property interests. The Oriental as
well as the white laborers are merely pawns upon the chessboard of
capitalist exploitation, to be moved
to suit the needs of the Kings,
Queens, Bishops, Knights, etc., of
capitalist property.
Neither editorial bombast nor maudlin sympathy will heal the wounded
feelings of the victims of capital in
the Salmo easy, nor prevent the repetition of such' occurrences in the
future. Equally useless for tho
workers to cry over spilt milk. The
lesson must, be learned no matter
how painful the process, that so long
as the present system of property
stands, the owners have the right to
use their property in such way as to
best conserve their interests, and the
only right the workers have is to
take the consequences, no matter
how  often  they  may  be called  upon
That section of the capitalist press
that is inclined to voice the aspirations and interests of smaller business concerns, seems to have ■ gone
into a frenzy of denunciation against
the big ones. The diatribes they
hurl at what they term the trusts,
and the pictorial representations of
trust, magnates and their methods,
•tvtbiild be painful to the thoughtful
reader were they not so supremely
ridiculous. When one approves of
the game of competition in which
the gain of one must of necessity he
the loss of another, for the loser to
play the baby act by squulling is
extremely humorous to the observant bystander. The entire business
scheme is merely a gamble in the
the products of labor, and like any
game of chance it cannot smile with
impartiality upon all the players.
The big fellows, like the Rockefeller
crowd, are accused of cheating at the
game, or playing with loaded dice,
as it were, thus beating their honest,
competitors. The only loaded dice
the big fellows use i» their huge capital, against which that of their
puny competitors i.s like a pigmy
against a giant in comparison. Not
a thing has been done by the big fellows that the little ones would not
resort  to if lhey  had   the chance,
There is one thing that should not
escape the attention of the working
class, however, and that is the manner in which the sqtiawkers against
the "trust" overlook the part, the
working class plays in the industrial
scheme. In every penny-a-liner's gas
explosion, and in all of the cartoons,
the poor unfortunate competitor,
and the equally unfortunate consumer, is' painted as the suffering martyr. The workers out of whose hide
the sum total of the swag, over the
division of which the capitalists,
big and little, are having such a
lovely time, receives not even a
modicum of sympathy. This is quite
as it should be, for it will require
something more efficacious than sympathy to get the whole thieving pack
and their brutcl exploitation oft
their barks, and besides"; "soft words
butter no parsnips." If the worker
could logically have any leanings in
this scrap between big capital and
small, it must, perforce be upon the
side of the former. When capital
shall have become completely concentrated in a few gigantic concerns,
and the fewer the better, the day of
deliverance of the working clnss from
wage slavery is at hand. If the
worker feels that he cannot refrain
from taking sides, as did the old
woman when her husband and the
bear fought, let him b.v all means
aid the side that makes for the completion   of  the  capitalist  cycle
Burns & Co. ii
I        HARDWARE and
X Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom   Chains,    Augers,   Loggers'   Jacks,  Eta
We have moved into our new
and   commodious   premises :
138 Cordova St., Cast
'Phone 1579       Vancouver, B. 6.
The following recipe for strenuous
hash as it is prepared in the City of
Chicago is furnished by the Sunday
Tribune of that City.
A deuth every 16 minutes.
A birth every 8 minutes and 27
A murder every 70 hours.
A suicide every 18 hours.
A serious accident, necessitating
nurse's or physician's care, every 4
A fatal accident every 5 hours.
A case of assault and battery every
2G minutes.
A burglary every 3 hours.
A hold-up every 6 hours.
A disturbance of the peace to attract attention, every six seconds.
A larceny every 20 minutes,
An arrest every 7 minutes aad «0
A fire every hour.
An arrest for drunkeness every 15
A marriages-very 20 minutes.
A case for the coroner every 8
Comrade C. M. O'Brien, who has
been touring the Boundary and Koo-
tenny districts under direction of the
Provincial Executive Committee, has
gone to Eastern Canada via the
Crow's .Vest Pass line. Ills rather
sudden departure was made necessary
by reason of business Interests iif
his own in Ontario which made an
unexpected call upon him. He expects to stop at Aloyie, Fernie, Col-
man' Claresholni, etc., on his way,
and do something iu the line of pro-
pnernnda work. I
We do not know just, how long the
C'OPirade will be content to remain
in the east, but of onu thine we are
sure, and that is wherever he may
lorrfle either temporarily or permanently ho will be tireless anil etuvye-
tic- in furthering the revoluHonurv
movement of the proletariat, lie is
too thoroughly proletarian and class
conscious himself to admit of nny
"lay-olf" in the good work.
 o ——
Signs point to trouble in San Francisco in the near future. It is reported that chief strike-breaker Farley is preparing to ship his plant to
that city in anticipation of a juicy
contract to break a strike on the
street railways which is scheduled
for  next   month.
We recommend to the reader a
careful perusal of "Wage-labor and
Capital," by Marx. We are mindful
of Ihe fact that as it was written
before he had thoroughly completed
his analysis of capitalist production,
he has not been so clear in making
plain the distinction betwixt labor
und labor power as in his later
works. If the wage earner will take
bains to keep tho distinction clear
in his mind, "Wage-Labor and Ca
pital" will ftrove an invaluable aid
in arriving at the knowledge necessary to insure correct action for the
purpose of effecting his deliverance
from  capitalist  exploitation.
"Wage-Labor and Capital,"  single
copy 5 cents;
,   6 copies 25 cents;
15 copies 50 cents;
40 copies $1.00;
100 copies  and over,  2 cents per
These rates include postage to any
part of Canada or United States.
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
if   reading   matter.   Try    our     book
.exchange.   Return two old books and
rervive one new one.
II and 14 Arcade.      326 Abbott Street
Mail orders promptly attended to
Municipal ownership of public utilities is getting to be quite a fad, and
many ol its devotees are gleefully
pointing to Glasgow as a shining
example of the beauties of such own-
ei.Hliip, in successful operation. lf
we are to believe those who have
been upon the ground, however, the
misery and squalor of the working
people iu that city cun scarce be duplicated on the face af the earth, and
the adoption of this much-vaunted
municipal ownership has in no way
lessened it. A certain section of the
propertied class has benefited by it
as it has afforded Ihe opportunity to
shift the burden of taxation onto the
shoulders of another portion. The
revenues raised by operating municipal cur lines, for instance, does not
have to be raised by levying a tax
on other properly. So the owners
of the latter lind relief to that extent, in so far us the wage eartiurs
are concerned, no relief can come
from municipal or state ownership
utilities    unless    such   ownership
Local Vancouver inaugurated a
series of social gatherings by a "Poverty Party," held in the Sullivan
Hall last Sal unlay night. As indicated by the name, good clothes were
al a discount, and this suited the
"fellers who ure out of a job," to u
nicety. After the court of ins|iec-
tion had completed its task and the
treasury wns jingling with the money
collected from those whose raiment
was not according to rule, a good
program of song interspersed with
special features in the form of a
blindfold drawing contest, and a trial
of s*jill in locating the proper place
for a donkey's tail, was participated
in by the entire audience. Refreshments were served and much social
Intercourse enjoyed. The next
"event" in this series will be held
about a month later, the May-day
picnic intervening meanwhile.
the  dawn  of  freedom  for  the  proletariat.
A congress of the Jaures wing of
tbe Socialist party was held in Rouen the 26th and 28th of March. The
congress will finally decide the question of t.he conflict between some of
the parliamentary group and the party regarding the support of the bourgeois government. Jaures is in favor of independent action, but the
majority of the deputies oppose him
However, since the party has already
decided upon the independent course
it is probable that this policy will
win out.
The conditions in Spain are reported as something terrible nt present.
U is claimed there are 40,000 unem-
ployed  in  Barcelona,  and  150,000 in
EASTER        f
Corner Granville and
'•      Pender Streets
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
Comrade C. M. O'Brien has sent In
over 00 subscriptions to tho Western
Clarion during his trip in the interior, besides having looked up many
old subscribers whom we had lost
track of by reason of change of address during the time the paper was
suspended. Should any of these fail
to get the paper, or there be any
error in the address as it appears
upon the paper, notification sent to
this oflice will insure correction.
In requesting a change of address,
the subscriber should be particular
to send old ns well as new address.
While we would like to bo personally
acquainted with each subscriber to
the oxtent of knowing just where to
locate him at a given moment, it is
quite out of the question with several thousand names upon the list, ff
old address be given it is an easy
mutter to make the change.
comes directly under tho bund of the
working class, so that the wage system may be abolished. As long as
it remains untouched it matters little to the workers whether the state,
the municipality or some capitalist
concern buys their labor power. They
will be subject to tho conditions of
the market, as powerless in fixing
tho wage they shall receive as at
present, it is more than probable
that large numbers of workers will
be led away from working-class interests for a time by this latest fad
of the middle class. In so doing,
however, they will merely be used as
monkeys to "pull the chestnuts out
of tho fire" for one section of property owners as agaiust another. Tho
deluded workers will gel the shucks.
Cash Grocery Store
We also carry a full line of Furniture, on easy payments, at prices
that cannot be duplicated. Kindly
inspect our slock.
Cor Waitmlmter Ave and Narrli Streat.
Workingmen Are Always Welcome at
New fountain Hotel
C. SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Mdai* 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and up.
29-81 Cordova St.    Vancouver, B.C.
Comrade iVincent, Harper will b%
the speaker at the regular weekl
propaganda meeting of Local Victoria, Sodialist Party of Canada, at
the Edison Theatre on Sunday even-
inging, April 28. As he is understood to have little use for the middle class philosophy of "opportunism," n rare treat may be looked
for b.v those who attend. Admission
Is. free and  all  nre invited.
Tho Local is also making preparations to hold an entertainment, banquet and dance at the A. O. U. W.
Hull on Monday evening, May 1st.
The admission wdll be, gentlemen 50
cents, ladies, 25 cents. A general
good time is promised. Boors open
at 7'.'*0 fi.  m.
Do not forget the date. The evening of International Labor Bay, Monday,  May 1st.
(I. E. A. Watson. Red Lodge, Alta.:
Changes in mail list, have already
been made by request of Weston
Wrigley, Toronto. The paper you refer to is worse thun worthless for
the purpose spoken of or nny other
Hint we dure mention in print. As
to addresses you wish, also membership nt large, matter will be referred
to the Dominion Executive Committee, which will no doubt attend to it
sal isfuctorily.
And now "Northern Securities"
move up, and Jim Hill has ousted
Karri man from the directorate of
the big trust. And we thought this
bad concern had been completely
smashed through the adverse decisions recently rendered by the courts.
Really we must have been dreaming,
or else wo aro too green to burn.
We learn from the Social-Democratic Herald that the four social democratic members of the Wisconsin assembly, who were elected in Milwaukee last fall, have introduced forty-
six bills during tbe present session.
Of these twenty-three havo been indefinitely postponed, one has passed
and two have been ordered to third
reading. In the senate the one lone
Social-Democrat, Hummel, of Milwaukee, has introduced eleven bills,
some of them not Socialist measures.
Five of his bills have been buried
and the balance are still embalmed
in   committee,   awaiting  obsequies.
From a dispatch quoted in the
Herald it seems the peculiar thing
about it is that the Democrats of
the assembly, themselves few in number, pay the most attention to the
members of the new party. A Socialist is like a red rag to a bull
with them. They cannot help "going for him," as they express it, and
yet, strangely enough, when by their
attacks they have stirred up trouble
and the newspapers mention the fact,
they come around the next day and
complain about the "advertising"
the Socialists are getting.
This similarity in character and
habit to the pitiful little Liberal
bunch in the Provincial House would
indicate that they belong to the
same species, something in the na
ture of blood relatives, as it were.
• —o	
The Employing Printers' Association through the west was organized
at Kansas City, Mo., on April 10.
200 delegates were sent from 10 or
more states. An almost unanimous
sentiment was shown among the delegates against entering into anv further contracts with organized labor,
and also against  the eight-hour day.
Some of the Typo unions are getting tired of being displayed as j»o-
lithtal wares for sale to the highest
bidder, A move is on foot among
them to abolish the custom of parud-
ing on Labor Day, and to devote
the time to pienics, barbecues and
mass meetings. The opportunity
will, however, sii\l be afforhed the
wily politicians to furnish the seductive picnic beer, the toothsome barbecue ox, and the inflating and soporific muss-meeting wind.
In London great unemployed demonstrations are still fashionable.
These public functions are attended
by thousands of wretched and poverty-stricken workers who are actually starving in the midst of the plenty they have helped to produce. That
bunch of montcbanks and old women
known as the House of Commons,
continues to drool and drone over
trade and commerce, foreign rela-
c:ons, colonial possessions, fiscal policies, naval and military affairs, and
everything else necessary to protect
the interests of the class that exploits the British worker. But then,
the Queen has recently expressed her
sympathy for the unemployed and
hungry, so what is there to kick
about anyway.
Negligee Shirt;
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now he
some of the choice ones win |)c re""
early, and some of the deslgm4
cannot duplicate. If you a^jinW.**
unusual styles it will intanet vb/'*
come promptly. °
Flatiron Hats
The Smartest Soft Hat ol the Sent,
These Hat* have been eiithusiMti.
cally received by young men (ro,
the very first day we brought the,
out. Neither trouble nor ex[^
has been saved in the production &
these goods, as you will cbeerfuj
acknowledge upon examination.
m Certeva Street
A big strike of employees of the
porcelain industry is on at Limoges,
France. 8,000 strikers carrying red
and black flags, surrounded the leading factories on April 15, and smashed the windows and doors. They
also smashed the motorcar of one of
the proprietors, pillaged his factory,
also a gun shop, and erected a street
baracade. Strange though it may
appear to us of the western world,
strong military detachments were
dispatched to the scene of the trouble.
— o	
In referring to a purchase of coal
lands "recently made by London capitalists, an exchange says: "English Capitalists wifl exploit Alberta
Coal fields." In justice to those capitalists it should be said that they
harbor no such intentions. They
purpose to merely 'ndulge in the
pleasing and profitable pastime of
ecploiting a few workingmen. Our
ecchange should refrain from making
such rash, unwarranted and libelous
statements, lest it be sued for damages.
Labor is a commodity, and, like
other commodities, it. exchanges in
the market at its cost of production
In human labor. That is, the labor-
force of the laborer is sold In the
free and open labor market, at what
It costs to produce that labor force.
We have no slavery here. "Britons
never will be slaves."   Quelch.
In Christiana, Norway, as overt
where else the only useful |iortlonj
human, society,^ the working eld
meets with the usual experience,
unemployed demonstration uf s,.V(t
al thousund was recently held In j
streets of the city. Thai vallMU
an/d highly necessary piece of brW
bruc known us the Crown Prince])]
gent, received a deputation nnd wl
mised to try and induce parllamJ
to grant some relief so I Inn- is
prospect ahead for u howl ui V)u
each  for  the hungry   men.
You see that noble engineer
Whose record can not Im.' bed
The one with an independent air,
As ho saunters  down  I In- strut
He pulls the Coast Line Limited
And  lands her in on  time,
And with the officers of the r«>ud,
That man cuts quite n shine.
He sits up on the seat box,
With a keen and watchful eye,
He pulls the throttle open wldt.
And  fairly makes  her fly.
If she will hold her vapor,
He's sure to make the time,
As the iron horse makes a whipli
Of the coaches on behind.
But  who  Is it  that  feeds the U
His name you never hear,
He's   the  man  that  makes the
For that noble engineer.
He stands down  on  the deck.
With a black and anxious lace;
And with his brain and muscle
Keeps tbe pointer to its pin.'
'Tis   not   the    man   that  pulls
At a mile a minute rate;
But the man that wields the all
Keeps  the train from  being In
•—Locomotive Fireman's Maga*j
Apropos of the recent bank rolte
at  Cody,   it   may  be  of  Intcres
know that the most of the Wyosl
banks  display   the  following sign
Member American Sharpsliim'ii
Patrons thinking nn error hosM
made are requested not to shootf
cashier   In-fore   investigation.
Strungers must, enter tho I*
holding the hands above their l»i
or they will be fired on by the sH
Deposits of persons killiil nn I
premises remain the property oil
The bank will not be respond!
for lost guns or bowie knives.
Patrons desirous of keeping in pi*
tlce are requested to shoot the pf
from the clerk's hands and io Id'
the  cashier  undisturbed,
Persons    desirous    of     trnnsadii
business quickly will please rcmcniM
that   shooting   the   lights  out  it*
to delay rather than hasten tin
of the staff.
Undertakers—This bank will notj
responsible  for  tho   funeral  bills
persons    killed    by   the   stuff in
course of business.
"Why yes, he has a genius for pii
"A genius for philanthropy?"
"Yes;  he can make a  little """*
go a   great  way   and   talk a grt
Vancouver Co-Operative Association]
532 Westminster Avenue
Positively the Best Bread in the Ciiyl
Telephone 1734
C. N. Lee. Manager
A Union Shop and Endorsed by Lory Union in Vancouver
W Cirtova It. Wait,


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