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The Western Clarion Sep 16, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Till" I'
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, September i6, 1905.
Thorn, sob's Caustic Ceiaaient on the Boot-Licking Brigade
IWell, tho agony is over!    Tho Hun-   Imperialistic schemes,  1 ought possi-
, sand jingoes have had their car-   My to have excepted
Professor Ooldwln Smith
Llittn I"'1
I ,,( self ubusement over the pres-
„( "royalty in our midst," and
Irince '•""'*'  "'  -■atlunberK'  hasde-
,.tL1| in a  l)ln-*e of glory, duly im-
,,l wilh  Hie loyalty of the Can-
,,|,l,..     And now in view   of
ln,.   newspaper     utterunces   and
Hjchea .if welcome which have been
nkcil lo his visit, tho real "aim and
Impose ,,f it must surely begin to
L^n upon ili'' dullest observer. The
LiiiinK nf lho naval squadron to
Luttlit with u royal prince in com-
Tainl, is simply a stop in the Imper-
llisl propaganda which has been
bodily ami insidiously carried on
L somo years.
[it is intended to pave  the way for
closer liund of union between Can-
|la nml  tho  mother-in-law  country,
thui the capitalists for whose
tni'fii ine British Empire is run can
lilt |nit nl the burden of taxation
Ivolved hy the keeping up of an im-
msc military and naval establish-
Liit ollicored by a horde of aristo-
|iilif Idlers nml incompetents, upon
Canadian people. The Hritish
ipliiiti'ts uiul jingoes hove been aw-
I'ni'd hy ihe booming of Canadian
jtis|)t'iil.v to the fact that a new
(id for Imperial taxation cxi«ts.
nil, consequently all the forces of
||iloiiiiic.\ mid statesmanship are be-
■J; employed to induce Canadians to
Ihtnii tn tho fleecing operation.
oyul \isits nnd the interchange of
Impliments between British mug-
lifs uiul Canadian politicians whosq
lisil ilecoratiotM arc a badge of
ieir subserviency to Imperial inter-
Its, un' nil  pnrt of the same sinis-
who is a class hy himself. Professor
Smith is never tired of protesting in
speech and writing ugainst Imperialism in the abstract. Ilut unfortunately for his own reputation ho is
one of the most inconsistent of men.
Ho talks one way anil votes the
other, lie opposes Imperialism and
lends the influence of his presence to
Imperialist demonstrations. Ho felt
highly honored when Eurl (Ircy, who
is helping along the lui|>et'ialist propaganda for ull he is worth, planned
a memorial tree in his grounds to
commemorate his visit to the Sage
of the (Irangi
Mercenaries .lumping  their  Jobs.
Another little straw to show how
tho wind blows—tghe blue jackets
went hack to their ships, but as
Tennyson says, '/not, not the three
hundred." Quite a number of these
picked men, selected siiecially for the
trip because it was thought they
wenc proof against temptations to
desert, showed Iheir good sense by
jumping the job. About half a do
/.en deserted at Niagara, and a like
number turned up missing in this
city. Reports from Halifax say some
fifty men have liberated themselves
from the hard and ill-paid scrvioe of
the navy. The scheme of Imperiatlz-
in~ Canada seems to have its difficulties even at this stage. But just
wait until the working class fully
understand the intent and meaning,
of all these demonstrations, the logical end and outcome Of which is
compulsory military and naval see-
vice. Then tho lingoes will hear
something drop. Even Billy Maclean's middle-class farmers and bourgeois won't stand for that.
Phillips  Thompson.
119   Indian .Hood,   Toronto,   Sept.
8, 1905.
!L— _ Ull	
From False Premises False Coaclaiioai Meet Be Reaches'
The Industrial Workers recently or-   tion, i.e., the resources of the earth.
His name appears on   gani/.ed at Chicago expresses clearly   and the implements of labor.       The
the list  of those present at some of jaIKi logically thc industrial demands j capitalists will  struggle to maintain
tho    Battenberg functions.    Newspa-   Qf tho working class up to date. This 	
pern will lie, of course, but as he has Low industrial organisation declares
not repudiated the statement, it is 'in faV0r of political act on in wag-
to be presumed that he was there. jjn(, the t.inS8 struggle. It actually
(Joldwin Smith's weakness—owing to unites all workers so that any given
which he has just missed being a industry is under the sole jurisdic-
great man—is a longing for social tion of'a single union and the work-
rocognition. lie opposed the com- |ors in unv -jven department nre as-
mercial union or veiled annexation \mred of the united support of all
scheme like a hot potato, because he Uhcir* co-workers in thc event of a
found he was being cut out by the strike or any other exigency that re-
Toronto   snobocracy — the    Dcnisons   -,,ires the united action of'all—Ex
wouldn't come to Mrs. Smith's garden parties. The fact is that Prof.
(Joldwin Smith is one of a large and
increasing number of people who want
the glor.v  and  prestige of being   re
tract from an article by E. V. Debs,
in  Chicago Socialist.
•      ••*»•••••
And  what  are the  "industrial   demands    of    tho working class up to
formers, but ore not willing to pay Idate?" The only demands we have
the price. They wont give up their heard of have been demands tor more
respectability, their social connec- |wages, shorter hours, or similar
(ions, or their share of the plunder 'crumbs from the emplover's table of
to carry out their convictions. Talk jfavors. These demands'from the very
and writing, even in classic Knglish, nature of tho workers' position in
amounts to mighty little unless there capitalist society are demands tnat
is    a    man   behind   them.    Ooldwin 'savor    stronclv    of madli-irv     Tn
Canadians are to bo   of lnnK'"lKc
savor    strongly    of mendicancy
Smith  is hardly a man-he i.s „ gift   fact  the objects in  view cannot
■ programme.
lnxi'd.  wheedled   und  bribed  by  tho
loinisi'    nf   commercial   advantages
ii promising men and money
gland s piratical wars.
Absence   of   Popular   Enthusiasm.
There  is just  one cheerful,   encour-
obtaincd either by demanding or begging
lt  is Perhaps true that the organi-
. turn.     ,n     ii..-..     .nt.      v— v*.»»««,     v—».— — ( • .
,or   aging  feature    about  the  Wallenberg /ation   in  question  "expresses  clear-
grovclment  which has not been much \hj!!   these "demands. _   but it ls eq-
i.v   or   Funny Man-Which?     :noticed-the    Indifferent  ami  aputhe- uaily true of'the A.  F. of L. and ail
„                               'tic attitude Of the people.    It is only the  rest  of  them.     To  garb  the dil-
woiild      lie  profitless  to  quote   the  capitaIis,   nm)  middle  class  who npidated old skeleton of unionism in
)in the    numerous   articles    which   nave t,nthused      The  wot king  people o   now mantle and by vociferous lung
ve appeared in thc prostitute press   wcre  olllI)hatii'ally   not   in  it.     ihey blasts expect to rejuvenate   it   with
Toronto    and      other places,  in   _re      t   yt?t  .-onto •   lho  imperiaUst new virtue, and clothe it with addi-
ich ih,-    visit  of  Battenberg    has         Rv   c^.t.vt    of coun*e   the  Social- tional  power,  will  prove as fruitless
u made to  furnish  a text     upon   jsts and     tnoso under  socialist    in- a  task  as  tho attempt to make     a
ith in expatiate in favor of a lib-   miences-but   thev   have   an   instinct- "silk purse out of a sows ear." The
' ttion      from  Canada    to   jve feeUo- thnt ,\\\ ti,is patriotic and rold fact  staros    every  (mc   in     tbo
he  British Navy.     They   lovaUst ,J-iurging is not in their in- face, that the "demands of thc work-
terest-ond the affair has not passed ;ing class up to date, I.e., better
over without a few manifestations of wages, hours, conditions, etc. can
class consciousness, which the jingo no longer be enforced because of the
propagandist will do well to note, overwhelming pressure brought
Accompanying Battenberg were MOO Against them by a chronically over-
blue jackets, who were lent by the stocked labor market. At no stage
naval authorities to go through sun- of the  game could those demands  be
Id contribution
tiininin      t
V mtv well  be  "t«k«n as read
|u there is one extract from half-a-
liimi! or so  of the most abject flun-
yiMii     published      in the Montreal
lar  which is such a  brilliant speci-
rn of unconscious humor thnt it  is
pr'h reproducing.        After  reciting
! Prince's claims to honor on ac- dry'd"'-- '"'voluMons Tt *the"ExWbi:- 'made effective unices thc conditions
int of his royal connections, the (ion These have served a double of the labor market were fav-
tor goes on  to  say purpose-to   swell   the  gate   receipts,   orable.       and      in     that     case      it
'But the fact whieh will most a„d develop a spirit of loyalty and was unnecessary to make de-
kc for his popularity in Canada, Imperialism (accompanied, of course, [mands. Conditions of the market
•hat hc himself has chosen to cast 'with a frantic desire to pay Imperi- favoruble to the sellers of labor-
his lot with thc British Empire, 'al taxes)on the part of the populace, power will inevitably express them-
'I hns devoted his life to the ser- |The first part of the program worked 'selves in better prices, etc., and vice
o nf    the      Imperial navy,     lt  is   all. ri/tit.     The     crowds   came    and ,versa.
asonl at» this time, when danger saw—took about us much interest in | The new organization "declares in
ival ill-folllng growing up between -the evolutions as they would in an favor of political action in waging
gland and Germany threatens all exhibition of trained monkeys. But the class struggle," says Debs. Can
' unpleasantly, to lie reminded did they enthuse? Not much. Lot it be possible that a man who has
ii this Gorman Prince is a living 'the capitalist press tell the story, been an apostle of thc Socialist
k liitivecn tho two countries; and I Here is a clipping from W. F. Mac- movement us long as Debs has, does
""-■ which, though Herman by lean's World, the advocate of bour- not yet know that ownership and
I. is finally British by choice." Igeoig reforms and middle-class inter- I con trol of the machinery of wealth-
thal      delightfully     funny?   Csts: | production is the storm center of the
class struggle, and, in fact, that that
^'l■',    in   his   ,ot   with  the  British
liPire" did  Battenberg?     Well,   ra-
Failed  to  Cheer.
their control of the means of
production anrl their consequent
mastery over the workers. The
latter struggle to break the relationship by seizing control of the
means of production and then freeing themselves from exploitation. It
is needless to say this warfare will
lie waged without mercy. This class
struggle will prove to be no child's
play.    There will be no quarter.
The ridiculous little squabbles that
occur in the "economic field" over
the price of commodities—which, in
the case of the worker means wages
—have no more relationship to the
class struggle than has the quarrel
of a couple of Irishwomen over tho
price of half-pint of goat's milk. The
conflict of interest that arises be.
tween the buyer and seller of labor-
power is the same that arises between thc buyer and seller of. anything, else. Out of that conflict may
arise a fight between individuals, or
a number of them, but no struggle
of economic classes can arise because
there is no class interest at stake.
Human society is not divided into
economic classes by the line between
buyer and seller, but by the line between exploiter and exploited. The
buyer in one cast- becomes the seller
in the next, thus finding himself alternately upon opposites of the line.
Barely, ho*yevcr, does thc exploited
succeed in lifting himself into the
ranks of thc exploiters. The working class i.s both buyer and seller,
the same as the capitalist class.
Along these lines there is no distinction to be made between them. The
working class is at all times an exploited class. The capitalist class
is at nil times an exploiting class.
In this case the distinction is perpetual. Out of this comes the class
No industrial organization can. under capitalism, unite thc workers.
There are more workers than jobs,
and it is bryong the power of any
organization to decrease the number
of th)> one or increase that of the
other. To any sane person this fact
should be conclusive.
The average wage is equivalent to
the average cost of a day's labor-
power. In other words, the average
day's wages is equivalent to the cost
of keeping the laborer ono day. When
that laborer goes on strike it may
readily be seen how long hc can hold
himself up. No work; no wages; no
grub. There you have the measure
of the average  worker's ability     to
Orta-trt aalSarlace tklawert Kaaw Nat «rom Wbaaci it Cobms
Either they, (the great n.: Derations) will have to submit ut reasonable submission by <ho . _t i .nul
authorities or else they v, I i.ltini-
ately have to submit >.p government
action of a far more lr*,uic i.pe.
—Iloosovelt, in his recent Ci.anau-
qua address.
And Teddy's words threw lho l.os
Angeles Record into reminiscent
mood to the extent of the following
and. some more of the same sort:
"Judged by their actions, the men
who control the great monopolies of
thc country are proceeding on the
theory of the French Bourbous— after us the deluge." They are reckless in their outlawry. They not
only oppose the passing of laws legal and just, but they grossly violate
the laws we have."
This is indeed tough and the great
corporations * ought to be ashamed
of themselves. Surely they, will
mend their manners after the "strenuous" one's warning, and the Bec-
ord's melancholy complaint. So confident are we of this that we do
not deem it necessary to "butt in.:'
One of the most noticeable propensities of the average man is an
abiding faith in the power of the
law- It seems to be quite a shock
to both Roosevelt and the paper in
question, that the great corporations
do not, nor wilf not obey the law,
i.e., statute law. If such people
would but stop to reason a little,
they would soon discover that no
living thing in the matter of Its
growth and unfoldment obeys any
other law than that which underlies
nnd determines its existence. It obeys in tho last analysis, only the
law of self-preservation, which has
been denominated as Nature's first
The economic law underlyine th?
growth and development of every living thing reigns supreme and unless
the puny enactments of man conform
closely to those underlying laws they
will prove null and void and might
better never have been passed.
Like every other living thing, capital must either grow or die; like
every other living thing, onco it can
no longer add to its status and   its
powers, decay sets in and death to
within measureable distance. The
growth, development, and consequently the health of capital depends
solely upon the absorption of surplus-value from wage-labor and. the
canversion of that surplus-value into
additional bone and tissue, i.e., additional capital. In this manner,
capital ad.is to its stature and powers, in much the same manner as an
individual does by' absorbing food
and converting it into additional
flesh and blood and bone ann marrow.
Whenever man made law stands in
the way of the individuals obeying
the very law of Its existence, that
law, the law of self-preservation,
furnishes ample warrant for the individual to walk rough-shod over
such human enactments. And what
is true of the individual person, is
likewise true of every living thing.
The modern corporation is the living embodiment of; capital. Thc law
underlying its existence, and that
will brook no restraint, demands
that it add to its stature and
strength or perish. In obedience to
that demand the corporation is perfectly justified in ignoring the petty
obstacles that may he placed in its
way by meddlesome lebislators who
are long on impudence but short, on
is what  the struggle is about? Such j laborer    the average laborer reniem
goods to nay for a bed at this time
of writing. On the average, therefore, we may say the working-class
owns no property and as direct taxes
are levied on property they cannot
be paid by the working class.
• •     •
The advocates of the fallacy   that
the workers pay the taxes perceive
in a dim way that the workers
create all thc wealth that exists,
but they do not perceive at what
point of the game the worker and
the wealth are parted. When once
this point is clearly grasped, the
worker no longer worries over what
is happening among the political
grafters, municipal, provincial and
federal, for he understands that the
wealth squandered by these individuals has never been in the possession of the worker
• •     •
Thc worker is robbed once and for
stand out in u  contest against    the >" at  lh'   tinM' bc  "*■ "?    !a^
employer.     This   is   the Tase  of   our  P°wor      Hls  master buvs h'8   ,ab°r
i power     at  the    market rate,  which
"instructive  to socialists     to lof  tho attractions nt tho fair.
Though they
may from time to time engago in
quarrel and dispute over some matter incidental to the master and
slave relationship existing between
a "travelling •variety   show,   and   one 'thorn, such as wages, hours of labor,
  along ...
"'" Ihitnin and Germany it might The spectators seem to heartily    up- |*i<>t   alter tho fact  that  it is a  poli
apposed  that     the over-lengthen- 'predate the visit of the sailors, but Iticul struggle.     Tho war in Manehu-
('nn|n of descendants of the house appear to forgot to give vent  to their -m has been a  political struggle, in-
"c'lih gave    promise of a   sufn- feelings." jasmuch    as    it has been a   struggle
•v ""tuple supply.     Perhaps after j    |, doesn't seem to have occurred to   for  mastery  over  the field of   indus-
[     wasn't    unconscious humor, 'the writer that  possibly   the   crowd :try.
'''HI'S     tin.     ...11,..»).1     Ll—tl . .. . ...  1     _>      ...       I       riru.. hawAW .-.f       inlflrftaI     bCtWCCn
is cxpres-
is an   exited;    the
ave.   Out
...oso capable of read' 'or "natives."     The workers are lid- lof  this condition arises war to     the
"'tween the linos.    I have known jting very  class-conscious  these days,   dentil  bdween  them
ial   wage-slaves  try   to    pre-   u  appears  that   the sailors are bit-
& modicum  of  solf-rosi>cct     in |terly dissatisfied with their reception
in Toronto and complained that thoy
The Slavish Middle-Class. I ware simply regarded in the light of
It I
I'1' <htu »H this while no note of
PUmI or defiance in regard to those
['"'["''■'i-'-ing schemes comes from the
lass reformers nnd palliative
pigors. they are silent, if not ac-
■poscont, either from cowardice or
Mugo they do not see the connoc-
in hotwoon the political and tho
Pnomic phases of social reform-
I°jV apparently do not understand
pt the whole Imperialist system is
r,S('d and carried out solely in tho
l('r,,«ts of the exploiting class, and
»' Us growth and oxtension in
inatla is ronlly the greatest dan-
whlch confronts tho liberties of
People, both from thc political
V a-onomtc point of viow--if tho
" •"Mi be separated. That, in fact
Jtny B0|e cxcuse jor devoting so
rn space to this Battenberg oni
pe,  bemuse   I—and herein  I   thinl
.      think
f' KociaHeta will agree with me—
j* "'nlize that it is part of an in-
[ll!i I'1"* whereby in the specious
■ 1 (,f 'oynlty and patriotism the
inn i ry rIas**8 of both Britain and
t '"*■ aim by devoloping the spirit
'I'erialism and militarism to riv-
"''"•" tightly the shackles upon the
."■ labor.    So kindly bear with
a little longer on the'some topic
i„«.ving that, no middle-class social
this point the (Slolxt of September
1st, savs in reference to the remarks
of an ofllcor complaining of thc treat-,
ment.  received:
"Those who stood along the fence
of the Exhibition race track on Tuesday night, and heard the chaff and
jeers, whetherod good-hunioi'etl or not
which were hurled nt the men as they
performed their laborious drill, and
displayed tho perfection of discipline
which' distinguishes tho first line of
defence of Great Britain and Ireland
and the Orenter Britntns across tho
seas, tnnv bo disposed somewhat
mournfully to acquiesce in tho strictures of  the gallant officer."
So that even In jingo Toronto, tho
most British city in Canada, the
scheme of developing popular enthusiasm for Imperialism by the presence
of a royal prince and a band of naval mercenaries exhibiting their precision in the work of murder, has resulted in flat, dismal failure! The
masses arc growing class-conscious
indeed, and the Socialist propaganda
may fairly r,niln n sna,c ot th,> cr<"
dit'. Out-nnd-out converts to Socialism may be few comparatively, but
the people   me  nt   -Oust getting   to
etc., that for which they will eventually wage "war to the knife and tho
knife to the hilt," has absolutely
nothing to do with the price of la-
ibor power, or the circumstances surrounding its sale. This warfare will
be. waged over the ownership and control of the means of  wealth produc-
does not alter the fact if we   make
I posed to the onslaught
ilord, banker, and the others of  '-at
^53ff.SSff-  tTVtk*bOX,t *0rVoi"par^^nTgo\o make
fcCtlSSl of a'strZ /te: ** ^ ^^ ™"      ^ * <W"
the veriest balderdash,   ln thc last
analysis that support is bound to be
realized in the "moral" brand, and
that will not satisfy the cravings of
a  stomach.
The     sooner    some of our shining
lights in the Socialist movement who
surplus must come the taxes. The
worker having only a subsistence in
return for his labor-power has nothing with which to pay taxes.
• • •
The question of "who pays the
duty" is another stumbling block to
those who merely judge by the   sur-
talk glibly and loudly about the f(u.p of tnlng„ or take the decisions
class struggle, acquire at least an
inkling of the meaning of the class
struggle, the sooner will they Ihi
qualified to offer advice to the rank
and file of labor as to tho path to
follow in order to escape from the
dreary wilderness of wage servitude.
In reforrlnc to the spoutings of
...... "industrial" friends as "tho New
Logic." we do not wish to he taken
seriously. Its propoundcrs no doubt
really lielieve it to be new. But
candor compels the confession that lt
is so old that it is fairly musty.
Spartacai Hat SaaiatMag ta Say Aboat the* la tha Wtaatptg Vaka
A letter by "North End,"  appear-  lt is true that tho money spent bj
'governments is the taxpayers' money
but it is money to which tho average workingman has no right whatever as he pays no taxes.
ing in the North-Ruder and quoted
in Inst week's Voice, contains a complaint against the taking of holiday trips hy civic, offlcd-als at the
ratepayers' expense and expressed
surprise that the Trades and I,uhor
Council have never taken this illo-
gal   spending of    the  "workingman's
money"  into consideration.
•     •     •
The idea that it Is the "working-
man's monoy" that is spent, legally
or Illegally, by the hogs in the public  trough  municipal  rye otherwise, is
This is not saying that no workingman pays taxes. Taxes are paid
on property lyid here and there is a
workingman who has manacod, by
stinting himself and nis family or by
exploiting his fellows, to secure a
two b.v four lot with shark thereon,
which he is proud to call his own
and on  this he will pay taxes.    On
I "»'•■• had anything to say against  for.
know'   what   tides and  shotguns   aro   an idea thot is firmly implantod   in tho other    hand    many workingmen
thc brain of the average workingiman havo not    sufficient of this   world's
of  other  people  as correct    without
•     •     •
It is self-evident that thc worker
must receive sufficient for himself
and family to live upon and we know
that his wages are, on the average
throughout his doss, ever hovering
around this subsistence point, therefore it can matter nothing to him
If the prices of the article necessary
to his existence are artifically enhanced by a protective tariff or not.
If enhanced, his wages must he sufficient to cover the enhanced price. If
protection is removed and prices fall
wages fall also, and the muster's
cost of production is decreased by
the amount of the fall in the price
of necessaries. That is why the man
ufacturers of England fougnt so hard
for the repeal of the corn laws. Thev
kjnew the price of breed must fall
with the fall of duty, and therefore
that  wages must fall,  and the facts
boro them out.
i    •    •
To worry and fret over the disposal of the ratepayers' money Is a
waste of energy on the part of anyone with the interests of the working class at heart. Tt is the wage-
system that is to blame. Abolish
the wage-system and cive the laborer the full product of his toil and
there will be no funds for civic
Jaunts  In  which only  n  few favored
To the student of social evolution
the present system of property in the
means of wealth production, is but
a passing stage in the great scheme
of things, and whatever tends to
check or retard Its development is to
be severely condemned, upon the
grounds that it can only result ia
prolonging the misery entailed upon
Uie working class, and which is incidental to the rule of this particular type of property.
When a hungry lion sets forth in
quest of-food, the only code ol morals and ethics that has any influence
upon his conduct is that written by
his stomach. 11 his natural food be
mutton, no man made law against
the eating of mutton will satisfy the
demands of his appetite. The , only
way that mutton may. be able to escape his teeth, and claws is by such
measures as will make it impossible
for him to obtain access to it, and
the result will be death for the lion.
Capital feeds upon surplus-value
wrung from the sweat of wage-slaves
This is its natural, in fact, its sole
food. This it. must have, not only
in sufficient value to satisfy thc mar
terial necessities of the narasites,
(capitalists and their hangers-on)
which fasten upon it, but over,
above and beyond this sufficient to
enable each individual capital to add
to its stature and its powers.
Tbe law that determines the conduct of capital therefore underlies
its very beings and, determines the
course it shall pursue. This law is
inexorable and before its terrific onslaught men-made law is rendered
null and void and becomes an insignificant farce.
To speak of the "men who control
the great monopolies" is the veriest
nonsense. It is another case of the
"cart before the horse." The form
of property prevailing at any given
time, determines how the various
members of human society shall
make their living. This in turn determines their rule of conduct. So
long, as that form of property remains dominant it will make its
own laws, or rather give expression by way of obedience
to the economic laws that underlie it. Not only it will not,
but it cannot obey any other. To
do so would bc to perish, and the
law of self-preservation, we havn
been repeatedly told, is Nature's first
As well expect the wild beast of the
junble in obedience to man-made laws
to refrain from using teeth and claw
while in pursuit of its food, as to
expect, capitalist, property to refrain
from the exercise of its normal function of feeding upon surplus-value
extracted from wage-labor.
It is doubtless true that corporations pay little or no attention to
laws as written upon, the statute
books, ami there is a good reason
for it. At least, many of these
laws are intended to hamper the exercise of the rights of capitalist property. Rights.that are strictly legitimate because determined by the
healthful needs and requirements of
that peculiar form of property. Such
laws are ib every sense of the word
reactionary and therefore ininakal
to human progress. For this reason they not only should, but must
be trampled under foot.
Stupid folk who are possessed with
an overwhelming reverence for the
law, and have an abiding faith in
its potency to correct the evils which
afflict human society to-day, will
wake up some fine morning to find
their souls filled with bitter disappointment. Their elaborate structure of legal safe-guard against evil,
In the sha|>e of anti-trust, anti-monopoly, anti-expansion, anti-discrimination, nnti.this and antl-that
laws will be brushed aside by the Inexorable though unwritten laws that
spring from the vitals of property.
Within capitalist property itself lies
the law that cannot be denied if
capital is survive. That law must
reign supreme until the working-class
through intolerable exploitation is
forced-to rise, break the rule of capital and inaugurate a system of property in the means of wealth production more in conformity with
their  needs and  requirements.     This
ones can take part.     But that would
be socialism-—SPARTACUS, in Win-  form of property will  in turn
ntpeg Voice. its own laws
.      I:
rs —.
, i*
_B __K    ■
■ *''•:.,
_■_■*&:• '■"■
__P*T" :
jjBj w-BMTCMt ouLmion, ▼■%» oouvn, t.
flaturday,  September i«.
llu Western Una
therefore, .no workhouses or poor-
houses, though thore are many hospitals where the kick are healed gratuitously. Practically everyone con
earn a living. Would that we could
Bay the same.—Pall Mall Gazette.
If   the   Gazette   will   possess    itself
with  patience  until   lhe capital   sys-
Publtshed every  Saturday  ia   the
Interests of the Working Class nlone
at the office of the Western Clarion,      	
Flack block basement,  165 Hastings item has had  time to develop in Ja-
stroet, Vancouver, B. C. pan  io anything like its proportion
in England,  or    upon this     Western
j Continent,   it will, discover the Jap-
Strictly in Advance.
Yearly nibacrlption cards In lota of
•»• or mora, 78 cents each.
Advertising  rates on  application.
II yea reeatve thla paper lt la paid
Aedreae all commualcaUooa to
Box 836,
Vancouver, fi. C.
The  ordinary   daily  newspaper    affords  a  faithful  reflex  of  this   glor-
jrg that is bos-
Watch the label on your paper
If this number is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
Saturday,   September  16,  1905.
Ii there is ono particular propensity among persons who imagine themselves socialists  that  is  particularly
nauseating it is the disposition to be
eternally  bawling  about  some capitalist  hireling,   hanger-on,   or   scalawag,  looting the "public treasury."
He who understands  the conflict   of
interest    between    the two economic
classes in human society, knows government to be purely a class instru.
ment, and the so-called "public treasury"  merely aa institution ot   the
ruling class.     True to  their thieving
instincts the members of  that   class
will help themselves to the contents
of   the     "public   treasury"   whenever
opportunity   offers.     Not  only    does
their   thieving  instinct  and   training
prompt    them     to,   in  the  lirst   instance, rob the working class out  of
the product  of  its    toil,    but     also
prompts each individual thief to pilfer from his fellows.     Whenever    one
of  this particular fraternity gets    a
chance at  the thieves '' treasury,'' he
very naturally, and quite in conformity     with  ruling  class ethics,   seizes
whatever   of   value   is   lying    around
loose, and surely it is no one's business outside of  that economic   class
whose    property   this  "public  treasury" is.
The exploited class,   the plundered
working  class,   can  not  be  properly
interested in thc matter either     one
way or  the other.     Tho funds   that
go   into   the  "public   treasury"    are
ostensibly to be used for tbe purpose
of holding the exploited in subjection
to  their exploiters, i.e.,  lo maintain
the machinery  and  powers  of     government,       if    grafters   and crooks
were  to     get  away   with  the entire
contents    of   the "public treasury,"
there would be nothing left for    the
mainienance of the army, navy,   de-
IKity sherilfs, judges und all of their
accursed    apparatus     of   repression.
This might  tend to    make it easier
for  the  oppressed     worker  to stand
erect and assume thu attitude of    u
Doubtless the objections raised in
capitalist circles against the looting
of the "public treasury," arise from
a consciousness that such a disposition of the "public:' funds diverts
them from the highly commendable
purpose of repression for which they
have been originally set aside.
Hind your own business, is a good
rule to observe, lt is one the proletariat should learn to follow to
the letter. The artistically exploited wage-slaves of capital should carefully keep their noses out of their
masters' business. The cunning little financial tricks the members of
the ruling class, aad their hangers-
on, play upon each other should be
allowed to pass unnoticed-aud .without adverse comment. If individual
members of that delectable fraternity expend energy in looting the so-
called "public treasury," that is in
plundering each other, tho workers
might as well thank their lucky stars
that it is that much energy expended that might otherwise have been
used to tear the few remaining patches of hide off their own backs.
The proletarians have no small job
on their hands if they attend strictly to their own business, und keep
their noses out of the Kilkenny cat
fight that goes on within the ranks
, of their exploiters over the division
of tho proceeds of the swindle perpetrated upon them under the rule
of capitalist proix-rty.
With all our high wages and boasted civilization, the fact remains that
you will see moro wretchedly poor
in any of our great cities in a day
than you will see in Japan in a lifetime. In other words you will seo
no destitution in Japan. Though
some are very poor, yet all seem to
be well fed, clothed and housed and
are invariably cheerful, and what is
more surprisingly, invariably clean.
There are 'no paupers in Japan and,
anese working class floundering in
the same slough of misery and despond as the Knglish and American
workers. There will then be pau-
Iiers, workhouses and poorhouses in
abundance. It is safe to predict
that once the present war is over
aud the thousands of soldiers are returned to peaceful pursuit- tapitalist development in the island Empire
will proceed apace, and the workers
be rapidly reduced to the worst extremes of  misery  and exploitation.
The fruit that capitalist development bears in one country it must
inevitably bear in others, and that
fruit is conscienceless and unabridged
power in the hands of its beneficiaries (capitalists; on the one side, and
unlimited poverty and misery for its
victims tthe workers), upon the
The activity at present displayed
in the Japanese business world, is
but thu bloom that presages the coming fruit. The crop will be a prolific one and it will speedily ripen.
same effect as though the 150,000
made the demand together. If there
be an ample surplus of labor In the
market, the demand will prove fruit- Ws civilization of ou
less of everything save refusal, and U u,,0n the plunder of labor ai
Mitchell ought to know it if he does han(!s of Capital. The following is
not The gains made in 1903 as a JT ;K,.m,lU' list of the head-lines up-
result of the arbitration award have I the flr8t page of one of the Se-
been of doubtful value and are al- •„,„„ paily Stink-Pots, of recent
most .certain  to be  lost when     the \
award  expires.     Anything  Short    of |   --Hani-inn and his Tarty in Grave
a thick-headed ass can see that no- 'Danger. • Hundreds in It-
thing is or can be gained by   such a |     BarthquaKe ki.is
line of  action as bucking an     over-  -"J^.        (-miners wjth Blazing Oil
stocked labor market. "1. you don't get thc-call it SttnK
The  demand for  recognition  of the  Pot-you don^g fc-g^  ^
union,  i.e.,  the employment of union        • °"- ammmi
men only, is open acknowledgement
of the adverse conditions of the labor market. When the demand that
only union men be employed is made
il is open confession tjiat the market
is overstocked, that is that a surplus of labor is available. When
that condition prevails ii » uiten.»
impossible to maintain prices,*-
l wages.)
Upon finishing the above wo picked
up one of our Japanese exchanges,
"The Chokugen," which had just arrived and found therein chronicled
that the authorities of Tokio were
working out a plan to remove tho
slums to some point in the suburbs
of the city. Tho capilalist fruit
crop is lurther advanced toward maturity in that country than we were
aware of.
•No  Charges  Made.
•Statement     Denied  that    Charges
were  being   Prepared  Against    thiol
"Report Given Out.
"Fire Chief  Criticized and Intimation Given of Drunkenness in Depait-
"Tscandal   EarpOBed   in   Department
° "American  Railroad  Man Who was
"Corporate Taxes Shifted  on Tub-
is Guarded by
___    Every    Local    of   the   Socialist
Party of Canada should run  a carl
under  this   head.    $1.00 per month,
ecretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. tt. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Hums, C. Peters, AH. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. U.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,   11. C.
51H- .Hv',ry ,-nbo' ■'"'"•> ■" u.Tr,^"^-
viU-il lo place I curd im.t,.,. ,,. ".'"-.''Me t,.
month,   beenrtarit, pteue u^!""*' luj>j
And this was by fur the most decent and readable page in the online paper. Great is the Daily
Stink-Pot ; Faithful mirror of a
Stink-Pot civilization.
lf    Mitchell     leads    his dupes   up lie.
against the adverse conditions of the I     "Millionaire's Party
"• ,...,, , iMikados   Soldiers."
labor market that will as surely exist next spring as they do now there
will be but a repetition of the hopeless struggles pf the past, in which
the rank and file have put up the
price, fought the battle and endured
the miseries, while the Mitchells, et
al., have never missed a meal or
paid a cent. So long as the rank
and file is hoodwinked by the stero-
typed mouthings of these professional boosters of capitalism, so long
will it  be impossible to enlist them
> of C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening In the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 318 Cambie street.
Educational meeting* every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock ln tho Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
lt would have been ungracious
while Battenberg was with us to say
a word that could have been deemed
discourteous. But now that he has
gone, we,may remark that this excessive' adulation  of every  sprig     of
C. II. J. B. Harper, secretary,
Rock Bay Hotel,  Victoria,  B.  0.
Phoenix Trades and L^boTr^
Meets every alternatf S°Unci-
John Riordan, preside,,,- TS
Brown, vice-president- p f, *'*■
cassc sergcant-at-arms'' w'h ,.*""'
bury, secretary-treasurer P r\ ?"*' I
198, Phoenix. B. C.       ' P' °- H I
Phoenix      Miners'    Union~~_~"~
W.  K.  M.    Meets    „$ &1
evening at 7.30 o'clock in u-**1
Francis Knott. ,,re8iM'w
ehl. F. _arry,"^L,_:Ki,l6"t.Ai.
Heigfriod, secretary, P.O. box 208,
Revelstoke,  B.  C.
LOCAL NANAIMO. No. 3. Daniel
Livingstone, secretary, Box 452,
Nanaimo, B.  0,
a movement for  their own deliv- .royalty  is  more suitable  to a title-
in      ^^^^^
crance    from
the miseries of  wage-
Thc   Springfield   Republican   intimates that it may be necessary in tho
end     to call for volunteers  to   perform the labor of building the Panama    Canal,      to     which  the  United
States has set its hand.     Both Japanese and Chinese laborers,  it   says,
arc     disinclined     to  undertake    the
work,   and   lhe    Italian  Ambassador
to 'the   l.niled   States   warns  Italia
laborers  away  from  the  Isthmus  o
account of the    unhealthy conditions
prevailing  there.
We have been repeatedly told that
it was our great captains of industry, who build the railways, factories, steamships, canals, otc. What
is the matter with these worthies
digging their own Panama ditch?
Not long since we read of a fellow
by tho name of Van Home whom it
was alleged built the Canadian Pacific ttailway. This was in itself no
small achievement. Surely the man
who could accomplish that could dig
a ditch of 10 miles or so in length
with little or no assistance. Were
all of the capitalists of the States
who aro interested in putting
through the Panama scheme, to go
down there, roll up their sleeves,
grab pick and shovel and go at it.
the job would, no doubt be finished
in short order. About the chief
draw-back to this, however, lies in
the fact that while these captains of
industry were engaged on the Panama job, there would be no one left
to carry on industry at home, and
the women, children, workingmen,
and other incompetents might starve.,
lf the workingmen will not go to
Panama, and the "captains of industry" cannot be spared, it truly places us in a dilemma most perplexing.
Upon second thought it occurs to
us lhat it matters nol to tho workers whether the ditch is dug or
not. They will in either event be
penniless ■wage-slaves in a competitive market forced to sell their labor power from day to day
From such accounts as reach us it
appears that, all Russia, during these
days is little less than an inferno.
Thousands have been slain and the
killing is continually on the increase.
In some places the soldiers enter
cheerfully upon their bloody work,
in some cases not even waiting for
orders. In other cases they fraternize with the peasants and workmen,
even to the extent of joining in the
pillage of the estates of the big landlords. One thing seems assured, and
that is that the Czar's government
finds itself each day more impotent
to  repress  the uprisings  and  distur-
hunling fast set than to the sensible
and self-respecting citizen. Battenberg bears the specially German title
of Serene Highness, and is related to
royalty. But in England he is a
British Admiral without any extraordinary position, and Englishmen
would smile at the demonstration of
supreme homage which followed him
here.—Weekly Sun.
This is courage and manliness for
you with a vengeance. To remain
silent while the toadies were figuratively licking the boots of this useless Battenberg bric-a-brac, was to
acquiesce in  thc toadying.     It     wus
LOCAL VANANDA, No 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Texada
Island, B.  0.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. O. Gribble,
organizer,  130 Hogarth Ave.
Everything went along smootliiy until a non-union man wns given a ;"b.
when the union men struck. i'uis
showed conclusively that the lief
purpose of their union was to • ir-
ral the jobs for its members, an
aguinst those outside of it, aid that
wages nnd hours were merely nn :d-
ental to the main proposition. .-"•. Old
of the establishments struck njpatust
had  not     employed   non-union    nun,
Tat Oldest Labor Paper 11 dm,
Always a fearlesss exponeul it, tli,
cause of labor.
For one dollnr the paper will _
s«-nl to any «dilre«s f(,r one dm.
Workingmen of all coonlrieirtil
soon recognize tin- fact that that
must ripport and read their lah_
Issued every Priday,
The Voice Pablishing Co., Lnited
.1. Howard Bird.                a c iifv,.,.,,-!
OSO. K. Mel', „ "•■"""'--.I
KmIIw*)' HliH'k     Tel. 829,   I'll. Iloijj)
S24 MastifS Strati      •     Vancouver, n|
  but upon being asked  to  gi\e u.-r-ur-
probably  a somewhat    tardy feeling iances    ,hnl  tm'v    wOUld  no1  do   *°
of shame that  prompted the Sun   to
bawl his Serene Battenberg out in
this manner after his departure.
Royalty either main stem or "sprig"
would   have   no  excuse   for  existence
they  had  refused,   hence  the  wall.out
of  the men.
According   to  the   Appeal   to     Ilea
son,  the  Kansas  City  Chief of    l'o-
^m^^^^^^^m^^^^^emm^^^^^^^m (lice   sent   plain   clothes   men   into     a
were it  not  for  toadies and slobber- '      .  ,. . ,_    .«.
socialist   street  meeting  for  the pur-
f  any  socialists
Published  Weekly by thi
Weitcrs Federaiiun 01 Miners
A Vigorous Advocate of Labori |
Clear-Cut and Aggreaaive,
Per Year $1.00.        Six Months, *|
Denver.  Colorado.
No  sensible  and solf-res-
sign  as  indicating     that  the  brutal 'ing idiots.     „u »,..-,._..: _.,_ -o.,-.^- ; of (,is,.ov<,rin- t
bonces.       This is in itself a    good  pecting citizen    will pay any alien- ^ n>volv(>rs <)n th(>ir ftt.rson    ,,r<_
tion     to    anything so contemptibly .mnmhly th(. Ka„1P was  ,,, nrrest    a
nauseating     under any circumstances L^ ^  ^^  ,iospctajos  „-,,     of
wna e\er. course   make   a  lot   of   noise    about
; it.     No guns     were  found,   however.
NOTE AND COMMENT The  Appeal   warns  all  socialists     to
  be especially careful  about  going   to
In the press reports of the terrible inoelings car,ying revolvers about
famine ln Spain it is stated that the 1m,ir IKirson lmi a ,,retext be af-
wcrktng people are living on roots. Just forded the authorities to exercise
what the non-working people ute living drastic measures J nst them. The
on is not stated, but it is safe to as- *08te™ Clarion would emphasize the
warning. Bon t carry a revolver
sume that they are not rooting for a anvwh„ro. It is too small and inef-
living, fective  a  weapon.     Save your mon*
——o  ley  and    buy     a  canon,   and  always
The profession of the law should kieep it within easy reach, so you
be a  noble  one,  as  its  object ought   may instantly  lay your hand upon it
every   in   time  of  need.      He  sure  and  get
!one with long range,  the longer   the
Law has been well defined as tho better,
"science ol injustice. ' This is so | Th(, arand Cent nil Station in New
palpably true that the Journal is , York ,, reportea about to cut ofT
scarcely justified in speculating lipo- 1^, ^^ from thejr padHJa-pBd _-,..
anything so ridiculous as stated |ters, who now get so much in the
a"ove' :way    of  tips    that    there are many
The Japanese are beginn'ng to harvest the aftermath of the Manchur-
ian war, and it is safe to assume
that   it     will     amount   to a     irrge
repressive measures so long exercised
can no  longer be enforced.
While the experience being undergone by the Russian people is an
awful one, and promises to be long
continued, it is necessary before they
can arrive at tho attainment of the
liberties towards which they are so
valiantly striving. lf the Russian
peasants and workmen but had arms
in their hands how dilTcrent the talc
might be. That which they are suffering at the hands of brutal rulers,
because of their defenceless condition,
ought to point out to the working-
men  of  other countries the   wisdom ij"-*
of procuring arms as against tho day   ^aa.-W^i gSS Journal,0
of need.  An armed proletariat would
not be subject to quite such    harsh
treatment  as is  measured out to an
unarmed one.
Practical But
^^^^^^^^^ and Shoe lihr
it.ui,|.Mu,1. rirK.ts and Mioo ii- tn on [
all filylrv   Rcrpthiitfl pioinjjly aw
ly door,     stotk   of -t..j-l.   read]
Slto* r r)l»:'\.. "ii hand
2436 Wtslarisaltr Ave       Mourn r-c»*|
miV I
A car-load of "excellencies" in the
shape of a real live Lord and two
Ladys by the name of Grey, toured
the Crow's Nest" Pass on September
12. The toadies and boot-lickers
were on
more applicants for the jobs than
there are places to Ik? filled. At
least Colliers Weekly thus states it.
If the tips amount to sufficient to
supply   the  toadying slaves'    necessl
crop before  they get    through   with   ,k.s   w.ny sn()lll(|  tho     cOIn,wnv     tH
hand at the various villages  It     The present  disturbances at To-
along thc line, and the usual kowtowing, presentation of addresses and
other flummery was gleefully indulged in. The he "excellency" was, of
course, "profoundly impressed" with
the prosperity und "richness of the
district,"  ad infinitum, ad nauseum
kio are attributed to dissatisfaction
among thc people over thc terms of
peace arranged at Portsmouth. Whon
the hundreds of thousands of men re
called tipon to make payment in tho
shape of wages'? Should the tips
increase to a .sum more thun sulli-
jcient to supply the servile stomach
with    needful     food  and  the  slavish
Kurtz's Own
Kurtz's Pioneers
Spanish Blossoms
Single copies ,s cents,   ottm
».«; c tits.     15 copies,  -ix-i'iit-   t°j
copies Jt.oo.    too copies and otfl
2 cents per cop v.
These rates include posl«g-l|j
anv part of Canada or ihe imk-l
 Printed In tbe Office of-
The Western Clarioil
not 836
turn from the front, and the reau> bock wilh clothing, etc., thc slaves
tion that always of necessity fol- should be compelled to surrender the
lows in the footsteps of  war. sets in, !«"n>l»s to tho company,  to whom in
 ,       . .   A     .   all   decency   it     would  properly     bo-
Their  "Excellencies"   went into     the .there will  be further trouble,  but of   Iong      .;usfit0 demands    that   ever!
All were inten- |a different    kind.      It   will be   the 'one    receive his due.     All    that    a
The arbitration award of 1903 in
the anthracite coal fields of Pennsylvania, expires next April. As the
Western Clarion has pointed out,
there arc plentiful signs of trouble
when it comes to making new contracts with the men. The coal companies have been and are still making preparations to enforce their demands. In spite of all the sophistical arguments of the Mitchells and
such like, to the contrary, the conditions of tho labor market are continually becoming such as to favor
the position of the com|ianies in thc
struggle should such occur.
ln a receirt speech at Tamaqua,
Pcnn., Mitchell is quoted as saying:
that he "will demand an eight-hour
working day nnd the recognition of
tho union in the anthracite region
so thnt. thereafter we can say to
llaer, here is tho labor of 150,000
men and boys. We want so much
for it, and you enn take it or leavo
it." Tho miners can do that now
as individuals, and it will have .the
mine at Coleman.	
sely interested and Lady Orey was
not content until she had taken a
pick and picked down several lumps
of coal, which the various members
carried away as souvenirs."
If the' coal had been carried away
for ordinary purposes, this ''excellency" female might be complimented
upon having did at least one useful
thing in her life. But as it is, even
this poor honor  must lie denied her.
After the slobbering had been finished thc car-load of "excellency"
was headed eastward, which it is hop
ed may be taken as an indication
that Vancouver is to be spared the
infliction of a similar boot-licking
Burglars entered the residence of
some swell people near Stamford.
Connecticut, recently, and carried off
a -100-pound safo containing about
$20,000 worth ot jewels. As there
were eighteen people sleeping in tho
house at the time, and the burglars
did the Job without, disturbing any
of them, there would seem to bo I ut
one explanation that would fit tho
trouble that arises from stringent slave can justly lay claim to is his
times,  lack  of employment and low j"-*P*  "hether    he lie themwlnipod
horse or the biped ass.   The logic of
wa(?e8'     j wage-slavery     leads     us   up   against
....       . ... ,      isome concltislusions  that  would once
The prohibition  laws  of   Mnssachu-   haVe shocked  11S.        A„  we ^cognize
sells,  Connecticut,  New  York, Iowa, |the   true  significance   of   the     wage-
New  Hampshire and  Vermont    have  system    these     conclusions    become
been  repealed,  and  though  still upon i'i"'1''' common-place.
the statute boo! s in Maine and Kan-
sas,   they   are  acknowledged   to     be '   The I,re,88  <-'"-'-P--,c-*i'f  **eP«**t     two
' „        , ,       ....  hundred Japanese policemen    wound-
practically null and void. All of ^ fn To|do disturbances of Sept.
which goeth to show that the under- J7th. Evidently the Japs are not
lying   economic    laws of capitalism   made of that material that will sub-
are more powerful than the petiy ie- ,mlt *° -»°UeVl«"i??ttlr wl«h<«t re-
'.. isentinent.       Had  it     been   our own
gal enactments of states.      r_oi.    is 1-^,,, ,ho broken heads  would hftVe
profit to bc made in the manufuc- jbeen all on the ather side and the
ture and sale of liquors and pi out |Polire would have escaped unscathed,
is the supreme power in the damum
of capitalist property. It is about
timo our prohibition friends, and
other silly folk who fancy thi". morality, rectitude of conduct an I general good behaviour can be u.for. e I
by legal enactment, took a tumLlo to
their folly.
The reul essence of unionism us it
exists to-day was beautifully pro-
trayed recently in Chicago. Thc boss
printers posted notices th.it hereafter
their composing rooms would be operated as o|xn shops, wagw nnd
hours to remain the same as before
16s Hasting" Street
Vancouver) B.0|
Ter year, Ji .<».   Six moiit-«.{
cents.   Strictly In advan:e.
Bundles of 25 « r morr 1 cm* P01
The Western  Clarion i> «*1
compromising    advocate   "      I
revolutionary  tiSiut.itK-iis  01
working class   ...   lhe f'"^
of capitalist properly aiiiHW*-
plciiient, tlie wage systtm
15S Cordova Street
And   havo   It   rejuvenated J*
life.   Old Hats Cleaned, Vt*m
Made as Good  ns    N'"w   "
workmen and at moderate CO" •
Elijah Learrt.
United Hatters of North Amen
you are buytn. • FOn HAT"-1; J
Ina  Union Label l« SBWed In »• A
tlia (leniilne wmwn -.-«... ■-   -or,
hai loom label* In  his poBS«»ion  and "»
one In a h_t for you. do not patroni"1     .^ |
lebeli  In   retell   etoree  are  counterfoil      ^jjg
Union Label le perforated on four adg">   ^
earns ee a postage stamp.    Counter!, i-       l|nl„,
ilmea perforated on three edgee. satI so       b„ n|
on two.    John  B. Stetson Co . ol 1 -"
non-union concern. j
JOHN A.  MOFFITT. President. Orsng*.
MAIITIN    LAWLOIt.    Secretary.    -'
New Yerfc. rg.rarday.
September 16. JOOo.
|Th- llSL' '
, iuiUI"'''''
luch I"-61"6
, engineers set
. ui ono
i  the electric furnace   in
,„|.t. of steel is arousing
st,  although steel-makers
in by no means   to
„_ regarding it. On the
i claimed   that  electric
evolutionl-B the mtvnu-
siriittiuul   steels   as    at
madt.  ,,v   llessemer  and     tho
tl, process and) on the oth-
th the  '■'"
lfleftrth furnace
■ho wrl-*--
lg Si.i'l'l'-""*"' '•
nt ii Ik
• hiin'1  "
telling •■l11
l»'ii-li,'a!,n t(in, it can not compete
nt ihle
process or  the o|>-
F.   W.   Harboid,
it  the subject under   tho
.    -Electric Steel"     in The
•Loudon, August _;  Engineer-
believes  that     the
between    these     two cx-
I     that   tho   manufacturer
hn lakes advantage, with judgment
j knowledge, of the great possibi-
tif  thu   electric  furnace   will   be
iniist   exceptional   position,    llu
ie 0n i" wy!
inning  (the pnst yeur)   very coii-
lerable nuantlUes of electric steel
.,. initi made both In Sweden and I
France, nn1' have been used with
,1 gaiisfactory results for all
,s,.s ol tools und cutlery, and for
i,„iv ,it her purposes for which tho
test i las
I* emph
ntlili >- o
d   i"
! been  ;
ol ' I	
;. n without attempting to com*
.■ ivith Ihe latter quality of steel,
llni'liord concludes, there is an
ni'n-i" field for the electic process
the production of steel for tubes,
rife forgings, uxles, tires, special
ordnance nnd weapons, and i s-
lially loi dynamos, "in which di-
m.' In- says, "the electric, fur-
promiscs great things," >,.-. ing
the greal   purity of   ils    pro lu-'l.
1-ticiilarly  Ihe small   ijenh'tge   of
bon mui manganese,   He adds:
Niiiii inns experiments have shown
ii    ili-iitic    steel    ls not  only ex-
ilv pine,     but   it   is  nlso  excep-
Itiiillv homogeneous,  and  this  is a
si important  point  in  the  manu-
Itnrn ol  large steel  castings.  When
it is remembered that, for special
purpose!*, cablings, sometimes ol oil
or OU tons, have to be mudu b>
mixing the contents of u number ot
crucibles not i ontuining mute than
one hundred weigut uacn, mu advantages ol being able to iuumi Steel
equal in an respects as lo quality,
in nuiiiiiiuea ol i., Ipuu ami pousiui-,
mure, «iii reuiiil-i bu apparent. - .
Una sieel luuiK- in nn eiectt ic furnace should possess superior proper-
nes to steel ol Bimilat' composition
produced either in a Swedish ttesse-
msr converter or in au open-hear in
iniiiuing ii greal uefti, out sui.ii acclaiming a great Ueul, but such uo-
puai'8 io be undoubtedly Uie met,
und this ts due probably to Its production in what may be regarded as
u practically neutral atmosphere, uu-
iler conditions in which the occlusion
oi gases and ovurbxiciation is reduced iu a minimum,
"it is i'tetiui.'iitl.s urged that tho
cost of electric energy in this coun*
trv makes the production of steel in
uny thing like quantities a commercial Impossibility; bm ■ . . bj
using the gas furnace for tho moiling, and the electric furnace only for
the ituai operation, the difference in
cost, as regards electric energy, will
proliubl\ be more than met by lho
lower price of uur raw material and
our proximity to inar_ets tor the
sule of  the finished product    ....
"In Ihe electric furnace of tho He-
sistunce type. . . . tho highesl-
cluss steel can bc made from Eug-
. . lish scrap, such us rail cods, bul
worm- iagUjnsl lnc uaving effected in this
■•-**-— ■' - has to be set tho cost of
^^^^^^^^^^^^ Tho cl-
ectnic furnace, oven under tho best
conditions, is not a cheap inciter,
but us u refining furnace toward the
end of the operation, when a very
high temperature is required, it is
far more efficient; it therefore seems
probable that the future development
of the electric furnace will be in combination with some form of continuous open-hearth process, in which
molten pig-Iron i.s converted into
whut. we may term 'molten scrap-
steel' in a gas-fired furnace, and
then transferred in the molten state
to the electric furnace for final purification. By this means the additional cost over ordinary open-
hearth steel would be comparatively
small, the me,ting and preliminary
refining having been done in the gus-
Ircd furnace, und the electric furnace
being employed only to do the final
refining at Buch high temperatures as
those at whicb it alone is able to
I work most efficiently and economical-
!ly."—-Literary Digest.
crucible  steel   was   forced.   .   -   .  Considerable
i this steel have been sup-
S'lclliclil firms,   who have
iblo  to convince   themsel-
xceptionally high quality.
manufacture of crucible steel for
ml purposes,  important as it is to
country,     owing    to  the
. remit at ion for quality  which  ... , ..
acquired,  is, however,   only   ono ,"'•*'-"-• <*on .
inparalively   small  branch  of   out |the electric energy required
\ii: steel Industry; and perhaps the
nl important  question is to what I
It,nt electric smelting can lie     cm- I
foi   the   manufacture  of     the
nt!    classes of   steels between
i,l ordinary llessemer, or open-
,iri)i steel."
i si    Louis    there    is  a    Yanl-,e
i set i ie,i In the Mound City after
Civil War find has  there built up
ortune    of    millions.     'I"tie e 0110-
is ,iii(i conservatism by which    he
accumulated his little  pile have
nnsed  wilh    his  years.     Aciiliisi-
in has become n habit.
I.- hns one sort over  whose expen-
uics he keens careful watch.     Re-
Itly    ihis     offspring took an     up-
'i car.     The father who saw hinn
|nnl the cur. and knew his desllna-
ludged   he  had  si>ent   his    fare
I'hm pv.ming, after dinner, the eld-
itlletl  the  younger  man into   tne
irar*   saving he hnd something   to
I him.    ''But first," he Interrupt-
rising  from   the chair,   "I     win
|n down     the     light;   we  can   tal*
s well   in    the dark,     and     it
II sine the ens':" He then pro-
Itl.'rt in giva reasons why the ex-
hdituie of the uptown car fare'was
wary.     As he went on explain-
.• value of economy, out of the
Jrkiies. tthere his son net he heard
Bumbling  and  shulHing.     Much  to
distaste lhe noise continued.    At
igth, healed to impatience, ho cried
>.vliat  ore you doing**"
I Father,"   came from  out  of
ckness,  "I ran hear just as
limn 'em, und, while we're sitting
In the dark,  I'm  taking off my
pttscrs to  save 'em."
ihe rest  of  thnt  evening econ-
were not discussed.—Success.
'No moro will 1  hear his footdteps
yonder  walk as  the clock  strikes
hour of  B."
'tlrarlous,  .leanetto!"
Ann*  Iho   parlor  light   will   never
|in tiuw for him again."
Vnii don't mean it'?"
I do,    and    furthermore, ho will
Iter ail   on   this   sofa  three   nights
week  nnd  call  me  pet  names,    as
had been doing for two years."
nm astonished
woild is  sympathetic. The .statement   none can doubt:
When   A's   in   trouble  don't  we  think
lhat   II should  help him out?
Of course  we  haven't   time ourselves
lo care for nny one,
But  yet   wo  ho|ie    that     other folks
will  see  that   it   is  done.
We   want   the    grief    and    penury    of
earth   to   be   relieved.
We'd have the battles grandly fought,
the Victories achieved,
We do not care to   take the lead nnd
stand  the brush and brunt,
At lift int*,  we're a failure, but  we're
splendid on 'he grunt.
And   there are others,  so  we  find,   as
on our  way we  jog.
Who  want   to ilo  tho lifting  on    the
small   end  of   the  log:
They do a  lot  of blowing nnd    they
Strive to make it  known
That  were  'here no one else to help
they'd lift  it  all  alone.
If   talkint*  were  effective     there
scores nnd scores of men
Who'd  move a  mountain  off its
and  move  it   back  again:
But   ns a class,  to  state  it   plain
language true and blunt,
They're  never  worth   a  cent  to  lift,
for  all   they  do   is  grunt.
•—Hamilton,  (Ont.) Times.
I'hc workingmen of Argentina, Ur
uguay and Paraguay expects big
strikes and lockouts within the next
six or eight months. American seamen, longshoremen, and other work-
ngn.cn connected with the transport
industry ought t„ prepare to help
Ihem by refusing to carry 0r unload
cargoes put on board at the ports
01 those countries by scab labor or
under military compulsion. The capitalists of the United States arc taking a lively interest in South American affairs these days, for their own
''!• .u' ,, Ho ought the workingmen
of the United Stales to do, on their
Side—Tho Worker.
The American seamen, longshoremen, and other workingmen ought to
commit no such folly. Neither will
Ihey if they possess as much Krey
matter in their cranium as the ruler
of the universe is supposed to bestow upon tho proverbial goose.
There has been altogether too much
of this bulky-horse play indulged in
already by the American working-
man. It. speaks volumes for his luck
of intelligence if he is Hu'llciwntly stupid to be induced to make a further
ass of himself in this direction. It
also speaks volumes for the quality
oi the mental pabulum of any individual, editorial or otherwise, who
will continue to advise him to persist in the folly ut which he has
been repeatedly trounced during the
past hundred years. lf any South
American working mules wish to
balk, that's their business and their
lt is high time in tho light of the
experience of the last century in particular, that the American working
mule acquired sense enough to at
least begin to act like a man. There
is work for the laborer to do if ho
is to break loose from the shackles
of slavery. This work can not be
accomplished by committing the folly of imitating a balky horse. It is
work that calls for the action of
men alond the line of exercising their
intelligence und power for the
posing of obtaining possession
control of the means of production,
aiul thus setting themselves lree from
capitalist exploitation. Let this as-
vising of the working men to commit acts of assininity cease. Let him
be told the truth no matter how
much it may jolt him, in order that
lie may be broken of his commodity
habits, and take on the spirit and
action of manhood.
If American workingmen ever take
a lively interest in affairs for their
own profit, they will be forced to
broaden their view of things, so that
their horizon-will b? of greater extent than that of a bilious and balky blind mule.
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known, tt never refuses the information sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogioally arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pupil, the student and the litterateur, there
is nothing better; it covers everything.
The New and Enlarged Edition recently is.
sued has ai.imn now words and phrases, a completely revised lllosruphiual Diotioaory and
Gazetteer of the World, 2380 pages and 6000
lllust rations.
Our mime la on the title-pages of all the
authentic dictionaries of tho Webater aeries
"A Test la Pronunciation" which afforda ■
■tlcitmnl nnd instructive cveniiiK'a entertain
motit.   Illustrated pamphlet, also free.    '
fi. _ 0. M Kit IU AM <X>., Pubs., Sprliurneld, Mass
-   Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why,
i. 6 and 7 STORE STRBBT
Telephone 298 VICTORIA, B. C.
and    Poultry    Food    to     obtain
best  results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS,
GUinRADES, strike  at  the ballot
box   on   Election   (lay,   and   be  sure
to  strike  the
Rock  Bay  Hotel
When  in   Victoria.
NIELS HANSON, Proprietor
Colonial Bakery
2»  Johnson  St.,   Victoria,   H.C.
Delivered   to  any   pail  of  the city.    Aal-
rtrlvsr   lo   call.      'I'hone   840.
Patro.iizc   Clarion  Advertisers.
6 yearly sub. cards for $3.75.
Bundles  of  25  or  more  copies    to
one address at  Ihe rate of one cent
m (intitig Large Game Bead! a Specialty
Taxidermist and Furdresser
826 Pearler St. Opp. People's Theatre
.JfstoiJm •! C-IJ.^I ,',(-;•   ««_f
,/e solicit the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers nnd others who reulize the advtsabil-
Ity of having their Tnlcnt business transacted
by Kipcrta. Preliminaryadvice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York Life 111 Jg,
Usatreatj r.ud V.'oBh!n--to*i, n.C, U.S.A.
Victoria General Agent for The
H-A'fl-- TIMKH
P. 0. Bex 444
Muelicterer ol
Ho 8 Ceilre St.
71 Soversisest Street, VleterU, S. C.
•••.•••„•••..•«•-••„<»•••.«•••(>•.••••••(>•(> mhmmmhmhmhnmi—swhmhhhnmhmi«»•»»•»—«*•*
'And toniRht I am (?oing to burn
lho old love letters in my trunk
i'li-btil   why are you going to dl">
itl him?"
'Discard    him!     Why,  you goose,
gdtag to marry him!" —• Coluni-
18 Dispatch,
o ■-**•
writer   in tho current  issue     of
Commons,  Chicago,  says-   "The
*"■*    Hag    of   Anarchism flaunting
ptrtiction   to    property, and there-
1 relapses of society to barbarism
rod flag of Socialism inviting   a
tllstrlbutlon of property, which in
dor I,, secure the vaunted equality
•Bt lie repeated again and again
'•instantly decreasing periods" etc
Pro we have our friend the "divid-
up" bogey, and in a magazine
hidi wc HtrppoHcd was too well in-
F'-ned to put such rot in  typo. The
Iter of tho Commons, Graham Ta.V-
the well known settlement soclo-
Btot,    certainly knows just     what
["'ialism stands' for,  and should not
writer    who is    ignorant,    use
pages     of     his publication to
|reaa   false  teachings.     If   the wri-
r lind referred to tho actual   dlvid-
tup which is     forced    upon    the
irker by the capitalist system anil
111 li operates to give tne big share
tho capitalist class  and  to leave
lc working class  poor,   ho     would
"■■e been    getting  nt  facts.-S.   D.
A large, strong and symmetrical
wheel, with hub ntul spoke, and tire
nnd felloe complete, nil in Al order,
hns mysteriously disappeared from
the upper premises of "Father" llag-
gerty. Whether lost, .strayed of
stolen is not known, but any person returning the snme in good order will receive as u reward the enduring gratitude of the world's millions of onslaVCd (oilers whose emancipation from wage bondage cannot
Ik.' effected without the wheel. All
persons on- earnestly requested to be
on the lookout for this property, It
will be easily recognized, ns there
never was alio* her one anything like
Later'—From nil accounts, "Father" Hagerty ll ho father of the
wheel) is also lost. Should the two
articles be found by the snme person, the "Father" may bc kept as
nn additional award, and no questions will be asked.
'Well, what did
he say to you?"
Clerk: "That he'd break every bone
in my body and pitch ine out of the
window if I showed my face in his
oiiice again!"
Etnployer: ' "Then go back and tell
him thnt he is vastly mistaken if bo
thinks he can intimidate me by his
by buying thb
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
Hudson's Hay Company, Agents
Printing That Is RIGHT
ment has been recently added
to hy the purchase of a new
Job Press and other material. Our
Job Department is now turning out
the best Job. commercial end other
classes of printing. If you havo anything ln the way of Billheads, Letterheads,    Envelopes,    Cards,    Tickets,
The Western Clarion
A    writer    in
Journal,    says:
strike,  iChicago),
and inglorious end
the Garment Workers
the ditch,   there  are
strong organizations
with defeat
the   Typographical
"Tho      teamsters
camo to a hapless
Now,  instead ol
lying alone in
two admittedly
that  have   met
magnitude   of
with defeat," The magnitude ui
their strength is demonstrated by tho
fact that they lie in the ditch together. It can readily he understood
how   much  strength  Is  necessary    to
P.O. BOX 836
The "writer  further     adds
drawn from the
how   m
do   that.     ^^^^^
lhat the lesson to be 	
hree months'  struggle is that "lt ls
inadvisable and dangerous to
in  the outcome of a strike
on force and outlawry."
Quite true!     If a   horse
bailee,   it   is  bad enough,  but     when
of  this,   ho  resorts  to force
kicking the other
to  pieces,  it is
for thc   balky
ular  writer  is  to
^^^^^^      the  keenness
discernment.      Would  that
pin faith
by relying
Quite true;
on   top      ^^^^^
and outlawry,   by
horse and  the wagon
decidedly   worse,   i.e.,
horse.     This purlieu
bo  congratulated   upon
of     his
Programs, Dodgers, Pamphlets or
Books, or any kind of Printing which
you want executed promptly and
correctly,  send  lt here.
Mall orders for Job Printing from
other districts will bo promptly executed to the letter and sent return
mail. Prices the samo as for work
done In this city. Try us with an
there were
more like htm.
The only Labor Paper in Canada that advocates the abolition of the wage system and the
ending of Labor's exploitation. It is open
and fearless in its advocacy of Labor's cause.
One Yea*
Six Months
Yearly Subrcriptions in lots of five or more at the rate
of 75 cents each.
Bundles of 25 Copies and over, q:c per copy.
Send in your order.     Get your neighbor to subscribe.
Box 836
Vancouvert B. C.
__._ ■________«l__)_f_)_l_lM
WO WWWVwi wvvwwwv
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, |
in conventi in a 1 embled, affirm ou ■
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog.arr. of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should ;u«tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs thc product of labor.
The present ecoiicmic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
ollective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist   and   the
worker   is  rapidly  culminating  in  1
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist to hold;
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upoa all worker*
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, <t capitalist property in
the means ol wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
3. Thorough and democratic organisation and management of industry by the workers.- m
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until tho
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
iiile of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party ia absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands in such a manner as to promote thv interests of the working class
the undersigned, hereby apply for menihersliip in	
T.ocnl Socialist Party of Canada.
I rccogUlze the cluss struggle between the capitalist class anil the working
class to be a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, ana which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
jKilitiral pit ily. distinct front and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership 1 hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote uiu! all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Admitted to Local.
* "  I
.Rec.-Sec. I
; ':      :
/   '.
1  '.
'i 1
',:i'       ! : ■•-■S,!_v*-
-., i l%|""--
oLAifoif, vutootmnt, % b.
.   Saturday. Scptembe
1 --■■  1905.
Versatility ol Tolity, tha Fa»oat|ltNssiaii|Ow«ilar In Clu-Jlaad
The following,  which  we clip from  are opposed to  the horrible crime of
a  Japanese exchange,   The t hokugen,
of Tokio,  is particularly intciei-ting,
especially   the  information  coi.-fc-ned  it
war, which is now perpetrated by
both betrayed and stupefied nations—
1  was  very glad  to get- the proof of
ft is a great joy tor me to know
that I have friends and co-workers
in Japan, with which 1 can be in
friendly intercourse.
Wishing to be quite sincere with
you, as I wish to be with every esteemed friend, I must tell you that
1 do not approve of Socialism and
am sorry to know that the most
spiritually   advanced   part   of  your—
in Tolstoy's letter relating to     the
abandonment of the "fallacious theory of  Socialism"   in European countries.     This     is  the first intimation
that we,  whose habitat is upon  the
earth,  and not in the  clouds,  have
had of such an  abandonment.     That
we have not heard of  it before is per
haps   due  to   the  fact   that the press Iso clever and energetic—people     has
censor has    suppressed  the informa- I10--**"-- from  Europe  the very    feeble,
tion.     It is pleasing  to  note     that
our Japanese comrades are not made
up of the dreamy,    cloud-land   Tol-
stoyan type of material.
The Tolstoy effusion is quite suin-
cient to excite the risibilities of even
thc most phlegmatic person.
• ••••••
     ope  the very       ^^^
illusory abd fallacious theory of so-
c-alism, which in Europe is beginning to be abandoned.
Socialism has for its aim the satisfaction of the meanest part of human nature—his material well-being
and by the means it proposes, can
never attain them.
Tho truu well-being of humanity is
spiritual, i.e., moral and includes tho
material   well-beting.     And  this high
er goal can  bc attained only by re-
Wc have received after-a very lo"-g1)igious,   i.e.,  morel  perfection  of   all
delay, a letter from Mr.   (we do not ilho     linlts   wmch   composes   nations
like to use such a word as 'Count") lau(J humanity.
Tolstoy, of Russia, in reply of our t 1Jv r„iiKi„n' i understand tne rca-
letter informing him that we had sonable belief iu a (goneral for all
translated on our paper his anti-war humanity) law of Ood, which prac-
essays which afipeared in the London tically is exposed in the precept of
Times. We are very glad to pub- loving every man and doing to ev-
lish it here, but at the same time ory |>ody what one wishes to be done
wo aro very sorry to know tbat such to you. I know that this method
a great man as Tolstoy is yet in oeems to be less expedient than so-
error as to socialism and the solu- cialism and other frail theories, but
tion of social problem,  just in     the ,it is  thc sole true one.     And all the
efforts we make in trying to realize
false—and not reaching their aims-
theories only hinder us to employ
true nutans to attain the degree of
happiness of mankind and of every
individual which is proper to our
Excuse me for the liberty I take
to discuss your creed, and for my
bad English and believe me to be
your  true friend. "
I will bo always glad to have the
news from you.
same way as    the common   shallow
people are.     It runs as follows:
• ••••••
23—5 October,  19041
Toula, Yasnaya Foliana.
Dear friend Isoo 'Abe,
It was a  great pleasure for me   to
receive your letter and your   paper,,
with the   English urticle.       I thank
yo.u heartily for both.
Though I never doubted that there
are in Japan a great many reasonable, moral and religious men,   who
As was anticipated last week,  the
Unemployed Bill was carried through
all  its  stages in  the  House qf Commons, and may  now b? expected   to
become law  by the end of the    session.       This'   result  is  undoubtedly
largely    due     to  outside agitation,
ably seconded     by Kier Hardie and
Will  Crooks in the    House of  Commons.    That thc women's deputation
to the Prime Minister produced    an
effect    there    is no doubt whatever,
but probably tho most effective work
in connection with the outside agitation in support of  the bill was that
carried on by  our comrades at Manchester.       They    have    worked    for
manv  months persistently  and   dag-
godly,  on behalf  of  the unemployed;
and when it came to  thc foolish police  interference  with  their  perfectly
peaceful  agitation,  Mr.  Balfour may
have concluded that uu agitation in
Manchester  touched    him too nearly
to be ignored,  and might even    endanger his seat.    How far he is likely to safe guard his seat by passing
the present measure, however, is hard
to say.    It is bound to prove a bitter disappointment to those whom it
is supposed to be intended  to   help.
We cannot see that it will in    any
single particular place the unemployed in a  better    position than    they
were in last winter,  and how     they
will regard the trick that has   been
played     upon    them    remains to be
seen.     On the  other hand,  that the
passing of     the bill    will blunt the
edge of further agitation is obvious;
especially after  the blessings   which
have been bestowed  upon it.   It has
been suggested  that  the measure   is
entitled    to some    welcome at   our
hands, seeing that we have been agitating for legislation, and we could
not reasonably have expected    anything better from the present   Government.     But we agitate for   what
we want;   it  is  not a   qniestion     of
what     we  expect.     Thc  government
might have met the agitation of thc
unemployed     with     tho      proverbial
"whiff of grape-shot,"  it would have
been no more than    we might   have
expected: yet we should scarcely have
expressed  gratitude for such  a   response to our demands.    Nor do   we
perceive any reason why we   should
profess to  see    some virtue   in   the
present measure simply because    we
could  scarcely  expect  anything    better from   the    government.     It has
been described    as  a half-loaf   measure, and we are quite willinrr to accept   the     half-loaf,   while   still    demanding the whole one.    But wc do
not regard this measure as any   instalment of  the loaf.     On thc con-
i Burns & Co. I
Second Hand Dealers.
Largest and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom. Chains,   Augers,  Log- \
gore'  Jacks, Etc.
We have moved into oyr new
and conunodloua premises :
138 Cordova St., East
i *Phm 1579    , Vmcmvw, 8. 6.
Pawed Strait, Cedar Cove
In the old days of chattel clavery,
a certain type of slave was loudly
praised by the master class, as the
"good nigger." The "good nigger"
bore much the same relation to his
fellow slaves that the widely advertised steer of the Chicago stockyards boro to the other cattle which
ho led one by one to the shambles.
Such slaves as could be trusted to
serve their master's interests by
treachery to their fellow slaves were
"good niggers." In our day, the
struggle for economic freedom is different in many particulars, but not
in general character, from that of
slavery days; and thero is a type
of workingman now who answers to
the characteristics of tho "good nigger" then. An example of the modern "good nigger" organized, is the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers; and tho Order or Uailway Conductors appears to lie a fair second.
These organisations aro prompt to
denounce any movement to chock tho
rapacity of railroad monopolies.
They servo their masters not only in
thoir regular work for wages, but
as citizens in influencing legislative
bodies and in intluencing elections.
They reject open and honest politics
on  principles calculated  to  serve  la-
Cedar Cove Meat Market
J. A. HAMLEY, Prop.
Frith and n* ***
Silt ttiatt Veiatablii
nrnscRTBER- take notice.
trary, while we have demanded bread
we have been given stones.—Justice.
Certainly,  it  is  no  "instalment of
the  loaf."     But it  is  the  only     instalment  the workmen   of   ' England
or  any  other  country  may  be   sure
of  getting    so  long  as  they  depend
upon asking for what they ought to
take.     The  condition  of  the   unemployed cannot be appreciable altered
for the better so  long as  the means
of production continue to function as
capital.     The  sooner  this truth    be
recognized,   the  better  for  all     concerned.     The first step to be   taken
by  the workmen is the seizure of the
reins of power for  the    purpose    of
transforming    tho    means of wealth
production  from  instruments  of    exploitation into the collective property of the working class, to be   used
by that class for the purpose of feeding, clothing, sheltering and   making
itself comfortable.
Such a "consummation devoutly to
be wished" will bo attained by taking and not  by asking.
Unemployed Bills, and all other
remedial measures under capitalist
rule, must of necessity, prove disappointments. They strike no effective blow at capital, and the enforcement of their petty remedial
provisions still remains in the hands
of thc class against whom they are
supposed to be aimed.
The British workmen have a difficult task before them. There is but
one way to accomplish it, and the
task is made none the easier by begging for what they ought to seize bv
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see onr splendid assortment
if reading matter. Try our book
exchange. Return two old books and
receive one new one.
Sttttbatt Street       Vmcmvw, C. C.
. Mail orders promptly attended to
Only eleven out of fifty-nine applicants for thc United States navy
were able to pass tho physical examination    in     Toledo     last     week.   _	
There are, unfortunately, Jew people j^,. 'interests in general; but their
who will stop to consider what this influence is at the service of their
really means. When not 12 per nmsters whenever the plundering pow-
cent of the young men are in con- ler of railroads is menaced. Like the
dition to lie called physically fit, it j-good nigger" of slavery days, they
means that tho remainder nre unfit, 'expect to benefit themselves by a
And why? Mostly because of the jioyalty to their masters which in-
debilitating, degrading and demoral- jvolVes treachery to their follows,
izing conditions under which these j And for this despicable kind of faith-
young fellows, or their "parents have fulness thoy are duly awarded by
hod to work and which the present jtheir masters control. They are
system encourages. How many peo- j praised and applauded, as the "good
pie also have noted that the big nigger" was praised and applauded
glaring advertisements for recruits 'tor like fidelity fifty years ago. La-
which the government is using do bor organizations of this sort are
not call for recruits on the grounds Ithe "good niggers" of the present
of patriotism or love of country? stage of the irrepressible conflict.—
The    inducements offered  are liberal   —The Public.
pay with chance of promotion" and  o
"a chance to see the world," etc. Another of those relics of feudal
The government recognizes that men ism hais been added to the Domin-
do not enlist in the army or navy ,ion list. The Province of Saskatch-
because of patriotism, but mostly ewan has been formed. Its first
because they are either out of work |ministry—which is but the polite
or have disagreeable and poorly jtorm for a band of political leeches
paid employment. The only time land grafters—has been set up. Hencc-
the soldiers or sailors are expected forth the work of entangling the
to bo patriotic is when the capital- common plug of Saskatchewan in a
ist want the soldiers and sailors to [network of lnws, enactments, orders
go and kill or get killed so that the in Council and other impediments,
capitalists can get more profits. The wil1 go cheerfully on. At penipdic
average workingman is coming to intervals, they will be worked into
see that there is isn't much glory ,a *•"<* ne-*-*- >'■ thl" interest of var-
in modesn warfare, where regiments l-ous gangs of political high-binders
can bo mowed down like wheat and iwho valiantly struggle for the hon-
a battleship full of helpless human ,or of se*"v»nK their country by get-
beings can be sent to the bottom by tin8 •*--*■•* hungry bellies next to the
a single shell from a hiddon sub- I Provincial pie-counter, The estab-
marine.—Toledo  Socialist. .lishment     of  provincial  government.
 o  and   the  upbuilding  of  the   political
The strenous "Roosevelt's recent ex- [machinery  whieh  this implies,   signi-
ploit  in going down in a  submarine ifies that the Pe°l>,e of Saskatchewan
are  to be  brought  more completely
under  the  sway  of  triumphant capital.     This  political   move  will    bind
them  moro     securely  to  its    chariot
wheels,  arid render them more   submissive to its discipline.   It is good.
It is just as  it should be.   When tho
people  of   the   Dominion  find    them-
his valuable    life to whatever    risk lselves    completely    entangled in the
may have been attached to the ven- l-odera-  Political   Ifctwork,   they    will
Candor,   however,   compels !awaken t0  a. realization  of  the fart
This issue is No. 3K8. lf that is
the number upon your address slip,
your subscription expires with this
number. If further copies are desired, renewal should be made at once
If care is taken to renew before the
expiration of the old subscriptions it
Will greatly simplify matters in th s
oiiice as well as avoid any break in
receipt   of papers.
Box 886,
Vancouver B.  C.
 o   ■■
An exchange says, "we need Socialists to interpret our laws." As
man-made law is merely the edict of
a ruling cluss, intended to hold an
enslaved class in subjection, speaking
from thc standpoint of tho latter
class, il strikes us that a scavenger
wagon is the thing needed to cart
the whole mess to the garbage crematory. Every country on earth
has enough of such written ruling
class venom to make numerous large
cart-loads. This world would be a
more decent place to live lu *««t*i».tli«l
whole  vile mess   to  go  up in   • noke.
Negligee Shirt:
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now here.
some of the choice ones will bg M,t
early, and some of tho dmigm, J
cannot duplicate. If you apnr«_1
unusual styles lt will int«r«t yo*\
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Thi f ■artist Soft Hat ol the Season
These Hats have boon enthusiaati
cally received by young men froj
the very first day we brought the
out. Neither trouble nor M[)ca
has been saved in tho production q
these goods, as you will choerful]
acknowledge  upon  examination.
111 Cirdava Strut
Cash Grocery StorJ
We also carry a full line of Pun
ture,   on easy  payments,    at   prlcj
that  cannot  be  duplicated.    Kind]
inspect our stock.
Car WulalMtar Ave aid Harris Sin*1
During the disturbance in .input*
whieh broke out immediately upon
conclusion of tne peace treaty, it is
particularly noticeable that tho mob
vented its spite upon the churches
and the police. The burning of
churches, it has been urged by somo
of thc daily papers, was an insult
lo foreigners, those churches being
the property of inter-meddlers from
I other lands. It were much nearer
iho truth to assert that thc introduction of these factories for the out-,
put of baneful soporific doctrines,
was an insult to tho Japanese. Perchance they arc discovering this,
which might account for thc destruction of these gospel shops. Their
antipathy to the police might be accounted for upon general principles.
The disposition to soak a policeman
with a brick is one of the most pronounced indications of mental and
moral vigor. It is pleasing to know
that the Japanese along with their
other good qualities possess this
trait in marked degree. For tho
benefit of those ■ who may have
thought that the Japanese upper
classes were instrumental in thc rioting going on at Tokio and other
places, it were well to call attention to the dispatches which assure
us that Japanese youths and the
lower classes" were responsible for
it. This may lie taken as an indication that the "upper classes" of
Japan are as decorous, well-behaved
respectable and cowardly as our
own. Whatever rioting, pillaging,
and blood-letting the upper class indulges in.._? donx' hy proxy. They arc
too careful of their own hides
take a hand  themselves.
boat is spoken of ns one "characteristic of the mnn." Of course it was.
It was done no doubt for spectacular effect and as a spectacular ass, he
leads the bunch, though it may be
that Bill, of Germany, is a close
second. Some of the papers think
he wns not    justified tn  "subjecting
the confession that wc are unabuTto "»at thclr <^*v<*-<---<*<' from the thral-
locate any  particular value attached i?°m °J ?pitolu caln be effected , onJv
to   the     lloosovclt    personality,    or .** and thrf0U'Ln «!*•.conquest ot     the
that of his ilk.     At least any value .P°w6rS t,° u  DfQm,mon    government.
measured from  the standpoint of the ^V      *e  (orced  to  center   their
only useful  part  of human     society,   *ttack upon OUawa'  *» h,ab,ta,t   °
- -     ' ''   that coarse    and    unscrupulous  band
of political henchmen of capital  who
today hold the  Canadian people     in
leash for exploitation.
the working class. We understand
this person to bo merely a public
servant, and we never attach much
value to servants anvway. They are
usually a cheap lot and easily obtainable. Such being the case their
owners need suffer no serious loss
if an occasional one were to go to
the bottom of thc sea and fail to
Worrjs fail to express thc contempt
that we feel for union men who
fawn before the minions of capitalism
who wields the club that, beats them
and sends police to scab theSr jobs
nnd break their strikes. Thc labor
leaders who were instrumental in
having Mayor Dunne ns one of the
lnbo-- Day speakers, must have lost I
the Inst vesligu of self-res-xvt, if
they ever had any.—Chicago Socialist.
Thoy who parade themselves as
commodities on thu doy net aside by
rn|»iiulist government for that H]ieci-
fic purpose, nnd go around and beg
for the wherewith to mak«! the occits- n,an
ion n festive display of their commercial value, never had any self-
resp'i't to lose. It is perfectly proper that Mayor Dunne and such flim-
flammers and bormboo/.lcrs should
take part in the ceremonies. It is
well to remember the words of
Gronlund,     "wares    cannot, act   lifkto
In ruling paper, thc worker, using
quill and ruler, seventy years ago,
took 4,800 hours to do work now
done by a machine in two and three-
quarters hours. The old-time workers got $1 a day, now thc two men
employed earn $7 a day betwoen
thorn, and yet the lahor cost of
producing a given quantity is 85
cents, against WA.00, It is easy to
understand from this how it ls possible to use so much more material
and to keep a great army of workers going instead of an individual.
Machinery is now extensively used
in hoot-making, making 100 pairs
of men's chenp-grade boots in 154 J
hours, ugninsl 1,4'lftf by hand, while
the labor cost is reduced from $400
to f!lo. In women's boots the case
is easily marked, for instead of one
being employed to do everything, there nre 1411 engaged, each
on a different machine operation;
but not only i.s the time taken to
100 boots reduced to loss than a
tenth what it wos, but the cost is
also reduced.
Again, in the brendmnking, less
than a third of the time is now tak
men, for wares arc only things." It 'en. One thousand pounds of dough
i„ «».i-««.t« -_«^— -•--* '- for blscnitN is rolled, cut and prepared for baking in three hours and
fifty-four minutes, an against fifty-
four hours by hand.—Tobacco Worker. Yes! Yes! But won't the "eight
hour day," the "closed shop," tho
"union label" nnd "collective bargaining," fix it. up all right for tho
working plugs? If not, what good
is your "gol dtirnrd" union anyway?
is eminently proper that economic
things should Ik? addressed by political  things.
We note from our Chicago exchanges that the comrades of that city
are busily engaged in complying
with the legal preliminaries required
in order to nominate candidates foi»
the forth-coming judicial and sarti-
tary district elections. Those who are
familiar with thn ponderous and unwieldy election machinery in vogue
in the big cities on the other side
of the line will readily understand
what a stupendous task it is for a
new political party to obtain a legal foothold. In Chicago, tho election of delegates to a nominating
convention involves thc holding of
public primaries which in itself involves nearly as mucn time, labor
and expense as to ho4d a rcsrulnr
election. It seems that the Chicago
comrades have gone bravely at the
task, determined to conquer all difficulties, and establish for the proletariat ot -that ally. 4tp own political j
movement, through which to realize
its economic aspirations.
The accounts of tho burning of Togo's battleship, tha Mikasa, state
that "there wore heavy casualties
among thn mon," but great relief
was folt throughout Japan when It
was learned that Admiral Togo was
not on board the snTp at thc tlmo
of the firn." Thorn is evidently a
great difference Imtwocn tho value oi
a head butcher and tho human tools
w.ith which hn plies his trade. Wo
came vory near writing it "fools."
. o
fn an essay on the Japanese an
English schoolboy recently wrote thn
following remarknbln sentence: "Until ■ sernntly ' tho Japanese used to
light with bows and arrows, but
miw-thcy are-TOj.iippf-d with tbe complete arms of a Christian."—-Advocate qf Peace.
Cameras * Kodaks
Professional and Amateur Supplies
Souvenirs of all kinds; Postcards,  Views,  View   Hooks, lite.
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Established 1891
John J. Banfield
I,and, Loan & Insurance Agent.
The Norwich Union Fire.                     The New York I'lult Gin-. I'■ uijuiiy.
The New York Underwriters' Fire        The Ontario AccUunt L'«ni|«iiiy.
The Dominion Permanent Ixian Company.
We make a specialty of Loaning private funds.   If you have ni< ney lo
loan or desire lo borrow, see us.
i.            When you want Fire, Ufa or Accident Insurance, we quote lowisl r.ins
f[   consistent wilh security.
_  —
| 'Phoni I5S, ir Call al Our QHci, 607 Hailing* Strut, West.
tmjajajsMmmmjmjammjajajaja^^ *• ww
W. R. Brown
W. HowR"*
 Dealers in	
Hay, Grain, Flour and Feed
304 Westminster Avenue;
Warehouse foot of Granville Street
Phone 161 Vancouver, B.C.
We Are Up to-Date
John V. Blach
15hQ Photographer
%t PER no/.ijN
544 Granville Stmt
Vancouver, It. *-
2 Cordova   St,    noxt to Harvey's.
This  warm  Summer waathor is very    trying    to' Ho«sofT«>P-
Thc heat of tho coal and wood  stove is simply unbearable'     . ,|,e
Kitchen  drudgery  |g reduced  to a minimum by   *!••' '"*''   i-yy,
Oas Stove and One Hot I-latos.     Meala can bc proparoa q
and well,   without heating the whole house. fl,r •»-
Housekeepers with a Oas   Stove have much more tlmo
creation   than  those  who  uae  tho coal and wood atovea.      ^a
Tn our Demonstrating and   Show room  wo have "inny   tt)()ro,
and makes set up for examination and trial.     Call and **'    ^


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