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The Western Clarion Aug 19, 1905

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Array *HB
HE  WESTERN   CLA^i^N
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone. (£ AUG 19190      %')
334.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, August 19, 1905;
^omA.a^^ti.oo
INADIAN PACIFIC DIVIDENDS
Many Millioas Coined Out ol the Unpaid Sweat of Laboring Men
,n]    \ug.   15.-At  a  meeting
''•.tors of the Canadian Fa
int''
rSwsfoompany on Monday,
|Kndol two per cent, on the
F*? stock for the half year
rr'"",iM1e .'loth last was declared.
F-l'ml   Of   tl"'1'''   P8*"   C6nt"   f°r 'he
™ i.tis also decl?rea on the
l,„ „ Btock.    Th" reeulte for the
r ,..,■ to June BOth last were:
Krnlngs, 150,881|,8Mi wo£-
Kmenw   135,006,794;  net eam-
il'i IT"',,SH;   ln"°inc  from oth-
, -   |l',B88,868j   total net in-
1 |17,054,751;  less  fixed charg-
||'-'i,',l!oiiii;  ll'ss amount,   applied
IL't ocean Bteanurhlpe and     pcn-
ihmii 1380,000; net. revenue  m-
Tfor dividends, 18,876,685! of-
l„«inicnt  of ad  dividends declar-
KTwirulus    for  lhe year carriod
lard .- Jl.TSI,r..-»:t.-I»aily  Breed.
au0ve should     l»e interesting
|ing to th"' '"'""y °'  "AnKe slaves
i perform tho service of carrying
ffrrilfht nnd passengers,  in return
|uhi'h service they get a pittance
Ll wuges,  while the owners    who
idling get  lhe princely sum    of
■ seventeen  million dollars.      As
[owners (capitalists) perform   no
Jul service In connection with  the
Iration of the road, and the work-
\i\,-d perform all such service it is
nn as a pike sta(T that the $17,-
1,000 received by  the former   has
i received (or doing nothing,   and
sen's the amount taken from th^
,rs for which they got   nothing
tin return. It represents the price
that the workers pay for the rule of
capital.
The number of employes in the service of the CP.lt., is not known but
from such data ns is available in regard to railway earnings on this com-l
tinent, and th'- wages paid, it is
safe to assume that ihe railway
worker is exploited to the extent of
at least 11,000 per annum upon the
average. If lhe rule o( capitalist
properly were broken, collective pro-
'perty iu the means ol wealth production substituted therefore, and production for use established instead
of the present production for profit,
the equivalent of this $1000 would
naturally be added to the present, re-
numeration of labor. To say that
this would enable the workers to ell-
Joy and increased comfort and well-
,being goes without saying. Every
j woil--ingninn should understand the
meaning of these dividend reports.
They are but the record of Ihe extent of the robbery practiced upon
the workers in the various industries
nt the hands of capitalist property.
Once thoy realize the true siirnifi-
ca*nce of capitalist property and its
merciless rule. Kiev will lie ripe for
its overthrow, and the emancipation
of labor from  wage-bondage.
THE PLAGUE IN BRITISH INDIA
Steady and Alarming Increase In the Death Rate Yearly
Ihile the loss of Hie in the battles
lllanchuria  fixes the  attrition     ol
world mid  promisee  to   Kike     an
xirtani place in  history,  a  loss of
m India  that more  than   actuals
v year the total  strength  of  ei-
lr army is scarcely noticed in our
tptpers.     Says a  writer in L'I1-I
|lraiion I Paris) : I
ince the beginning  of  !«••   yeui,|
mortality     by   ue    plague I ns j
in India,  such  »•.' mIC"«     It ut
Knglish  governiii "nt   bus  ihelded
| suppress   I lie   weekly   stall UCS    ot
Moreover,   in order  to give   an
of this increase here nre     some
Kaeteristic figures:
No. of Victims
"1        275,000
       680,000
■j*        850,000
JM       1,025,000
['The nuintier  lor  the year     1905,
111 be still   more   frightful,   bs  for
tirst    four    months it already
Mhes 690,000.     At this rate,    lor
Sentire year il will   be more    than
millions, (u
It is admitted,    it  apiiears,   thnt
native population  is  too  numer-
Js. and that  these nre Insignificant
'to blood-lettinga, representing   no
MOlnic   value.      Ik-   it   so;     but   the
jts must  not be shut  to th*- inevit- i
consecfuenees     of     solidarity.
P»i>Kh India is very far from ud the I
Wm-renter of India  will  finally be- !
p*"" so active thut,  ut   any     given
moment, it will no longer bo possible lor us to escape its attacks. lt
is Knglund's duty lo work with energy to extinguish this center, for,
every consideration of humanity laid
aside, she is assuming the responsibility of the disasters Ihat are perhaps preparing, What do they expect to do, moreover, with the "UO
physicians of lhe Indian medical service, in defense ol a population of
2bo.ooo,ooo inhabitants? — Translation   made  lor   lhe   Literary   Ibgest.
The plague Horn which India is
wittering and which brings in its
wake the frightful death roll.recorded above, is the plague of Hritish
rule. Under it ihe Indian people
are being so drained of their substance us to be reduced to a condi-
tiion of semi-starvation Hint renders
them peculiarly snaoeptible to the inr
roads of those infections peculiar to
oriental countries. The wholesale
plunder of India by the Hritish, is
one of the most, damnable chapters
in the history of fiendish cruelty and
unscrupulous marauding ever written
The climax of the 8lory is being
told in the ever increasing death-roll
of the unhappy victims, The 700
physicians may be multiplied a thou,
sand iold, but the death-roll will
Continue to drow until the mother
plague of all, Hritish rule and its
murderous     plundering,      is    Stamped
out. Whether enough Btntrmitt remains with the Indian people to effect  this,  time alone willl  tell.
Does God Know What a Thief is?
This was my dream.
"imgs were rather slow. Peter had
*" Wry busy for quite a spell on
pouni „( ihe .lapanese and Hussian
In addition to his regular
""less there had been times when
*m* of warriors had api>carcd   by
■ thousands tn-fore him for guid-
W Into their proper sohere in the
'"    world,      On rush     days tho
nt 'lid not stop to argue, reason
J™'*", but as fast us the shades
HWred they were railroaded into
F "ooiway that Peter knew to be
1 fight one for them.
■« it wa» different now. Thore
s » lull in the war, and business
m rather slow with the saint. He
°(!ieil his keys and waited for   an
l'l 'v wi,h solno hBrd CM!e ''°
I"}  Ins nccumen Just   to vary the
kTT'' At ,hat ""oment he no-
.     three    shades coming   townrds
■ ""*" he  instantly  prepared     for
uwnsion     for he felt the    event
«n«[|Caroer was now nigh,  for     ho
^Piiii'd in the spirits John Htniih
[IWd    Methodist,  Jno.   1>.    Feller,
B"f«t billionaire, and Taffy     Kv-
K I; ~~a11 nailin« trom **•
■jgjJState. of America
fiT*M l«* nrst to approach the
Hher"        '  r,osely followed by  the
it kJ*   can 1 do 'or   you?" asked
J,e r,1fle„tr,8d to ,iv» according to
'aril ,' . 8ald ^e ipirit of the de-
UHiiik i m Smkh' "*"& therefore
jgT, ' ai" "ntltled to get into hoa-
N mT'" ffUoth tho a»int- "wh*'
ItanoA i . al" ,ho essentials for en-
^"i«eaVta rPa,m"°f b,i8"'" and
*lth un,'?, to hpftr *» my sufferings
!fy 1 11. jPaU<*m'°: wh°n J was h"'n*"
llw T. In ul* my eyes and praised
•old    ,,;.wh«'»* 1 suffered from   the
1 tried
to kiss the rod    Ihat
smote me nnd always tric>d to be
cheerful nnd contented with my condition, no matter how hard, and
praised his name the oftcnesi when 1
suffered the most "
"Did the Lord want that?'' asked
8t.  Peter.
"I wns told so by his servants,"
replied John.
"Vet   you   believe   Ihe   l.otd     mad*
you  and gave you    a  desire for    the
things to cat,  provided plenty   with
Which  to fill your  Stomach,  gave you
the power to enjoy them all and nevertheless   yon      trusted other    men's
stories     in  preference  lo  what   your
own  body  said.      Frankly,   John,    il
you did nol have sense enough to enjoy   the  good   things   on earth,      did
' not  have energy enough to reach out
'and get   them,  when every minute of
I time your Cod-made  body  demanded
that  vou should, you simply arc not
I a   IU subject   to enjoy  higher  things.
: You practically lived in a. fool's p»r-
'adise,   but   we have  no  paradise     foe
fools here.     You can either go   back
I to earth  again  and learn  your   little
lesson  or  pass  into  oblivion,   whichever you like.     Stnnd aside and niak
I up your mind  what  you  want   lo do.
The    shnde  of  .John  Feller seemed
highly pleased with the conversation
and glided forward.
"Well, what do you want?" said
St.   Peter.
"Judging by all that you have said
to Smith, I nm fitted for a front
seat in heaven, because I am not in
the least indebted to my stomach or
my back. Never have they asked for
anything but they have got it
through my efforts, and having done
so well on earth for my body, 1 feci
I could do just ns well in heaven for
my spirit."
"So far, good," replied the Saint.
"Hut let me first remark that since
you have nobody to feed or   clothe,
your material success on earth is of
value in heaven. It is merely an
indication of your character. Hut
we havo here a vast collection of
precious stones for educated minds
to feast upon, what do you know
about them?"
'''Frankly, nothingi" was the reply. "I wns so busy accumulating
wealth that I never had time to study the beauties of mineralogy,
though I did have aspirations that
Way. You see I hired practical men
to investigate all these things and
1 got their results in gold. In fact
gold is the limit of my knowledge of
natural science and 1 preferred it
when coined."'
"Well, in every direction you can
see millions upon millions of shining
stars. What do you know about
them?"
"Nothing, in fact I refused to pay
the cost of the odservatory in connection with my pet University, because I could see no prospect of ultimate  profit."
"We have magnificent choirs in heaven." said St. Peter. "What do
you know about  ihem'"
Again, "Nothing, 1 can only tell
you what doubtless you well know,
•very minute of time was spent in
acquiring material things, and much
as I frequently desired to study the
beauties of nature, I never found
time to cultivate my mind in this
direction."
'Then," quoth the Saint. "You,
also are as much indebted to yourself
as .John Smith, in not having satisfied your natural desires in the plane
below. You simply are unfit to enjoy the higher developments here for
you lack the necessary ipialifuations.
Heaven is no place for played-out
physical wrecks, but like earth a
[dace for Ihe satisfaction of every
God-given desire.. So you also must
choose whether you return to earth
again and learn your proper lesson
or   pass   into  oblivion.. Stand   aside.
"What   can   I do   for   you,   TalTy?"
Now. Taffy was a thief, and he
knew it-
'I suppose the best thing you can
do with me is to send me to hell,"
said Taffy,
"Why?"  said  Saint   Peter,
"Heacuse I was a thief."
The Saint smiled.
"I believe they do use some BUCh
terms as thai on earth. Tell me
about   it."
•Well." said Taffy. "Men like Feller got hold of a vast amount of
good things on enrth, said that the
Lord gave it to them, and therefore,
I and a host of others had to do
without. I did not see it that way,
so when I was hungry I took what
1 needed, if l could not get it any
other way and that is why I am a
tllief."
"You are all light, Taffy," said
St. Peter, "You are the kind of a
fellow Ood made heaven for. Ile
makes men hungry, he gives   them a
stomach to enjoy good things, and
provided plenty to satisfy their
longings. That is the law written
in their members and is the revelation he gives to everybody without
un intermediary. Any man who does
not gel his share down below is simply n fool. Step right in and if you
are as energetic in getting your share
of the good things inside you will be
all the better liked."
Taffy started through the golden
gate, then he turned back and asked:
"Hill   is there not a hell?"
"Oh, yes," said  St.  Peter.
"Well,  who are in it?"
st. peter smiled.
11 is inhabited by those who made
it of course—the preachers."— Dun-
das Todd, in International Socialist
Review.
MORE SCANDAL
And now there comes the news that
more scandals have cropped up in
the Department of Agriculture at
Washington. There has been Huch a
prolific crop of this particular capitalist fruit of late Ihat it. has been
impossible to luccp thu various brands
from getting mixed. However, it
seems that the June report of the
(tobacco crop which was sent out by
the department was glaringly incorrect. The increase of acreage was
given ns 20 per cent, when in truth
it should have been but 1 per cent.
Those who understand the speculative nature of all business can realize what effect a report of such an
increase of acreage would have upon
prices. The tobaci'o growers got the
worst of it of course, and some there
are who are unkind enough to declare the report to have been purposely falsified, in the interest of the
dealers. As this particular break
followed dost; u|»on the heels of a
similar one in relation to thf, cotton crop, il tends lo confirm the. suspicion. This "doctoring" and selling of information in advance of official publication, has evidently been
carried on quite extensively at Washington of late. Nothing strange
about it, however, as the particular
characteristic of the age is bargain
and sale.
Of course there will be a seven
days' hub-bub about the matter as
these scandals arc exposed, but that
will be the end of the matter, Each
successive scandal is soon eclipsed by
the advent of a greater. This is a
glorious age. In fact it. would be
hard  to beat as a   scandal producer.
As .1. f!. Morgan, secretary of the
Dominion Executive Committee is out-
of the hospital, and. 1). P. Mills, secretary of Local Vancouver, has returned from the fishing on the Fra-
ser River, ihe machinery of the party will lie again set in motion, and
[Mirlv affairs once more assume their
wonted activity.
COMMENT ON CURRENT EVENTS
Spartacus Deals Wilth One Thing ;i<d Aro her in Winnipeg Voice
The daily press informed us recently that. King Oscar od Sweden had
been oblige! to quit his onerous duties for a jieriod and take a rest.
The poor old man has been greatly
affected by the defection of his Norwegian subjects, but that is nothing
to what his feelings would have been
if they had rendered it impossible for
him to live on the fruits of other
people's labor, instead ot having a
rest he would, in that case, have had
to get down to work and realize in
his own royal pe™011 what worl<
menns. The workers of Sweden, ns
of elsewhere, obtain no rest save in
the grave, though even there, their
chances are slim according to the
theologians. The workers Bqjuirm
under the lash of their masters and
many are their complaints, hut they
refuse to employ the only remedy.
They believe that lhe interests of the
men that oppress t.heni are identical
with their own. As long as this belief is held by them, SO long will
their degraded condition continue.
The small storekeeper in this city
believes, like his confrere in other
growing places, that he is helping to
build'up the city he lives ill, and because of this fancied virtue on his
part he believes himself entitled to
every consideration, dust now he
is objecting to the push cart vendors who have become ipiite numerous this summer. These nun are doing their best to do what we aro
always told is so easy under our
glorious institutions, viz., to lift
themselves out of nn overstocked labor market and make an independent
living bv the exercise of-sobriety,
Industry and thrift. Unfortunately
they ate cutting into (he business of
the' storekeeper,, and instead of bei
ing an object of admiration to him
as "self.made" men in embryo nnd
an example of the truth of capitalist
teaching, nn attempt is made to
banish the push carts from (he
streets and so abolish this form of
competition. When material interest steps in, principle steps out.
A few days since the "tenderloin"
district of Philadelphia was raided
by the police and those thoro present,
mill.- and female, were gathered in.
Much sad surprise has been caused
bv the fact that members of the
'.'best families!' were found in tne
bunch. Th.; unctions upholders ol
the "sanctity of the home"   would
have   us   believe   that   houses   of   111-
fame    know    them     not,   ami  to  bo
shown up in their true colors is indeed a snd surprise. Capitalism
breeds  hypoericy.
•   •   •
The Winnipeg telegram is a staunch
upholder of capitalism and all its
institutions. Whatever the opinions
of its editorial writers may be as to
Manitoba railway deals and Ottawa
salary grabs they must defend them
to the utmost of their ability or seek
other jobs. It is strange indeed to
find a paper of this stamp publishing in its columns such a work as
"The Plum Tree" by David Oraham
Phillips. Though in the garb of fiction the statements made by the
author are bound to impress many
ol the Telegram's readers in fawr
of a change to a better order of
things, The power of the written
word is great. The work deals with
political methods in the States, and
below i.s u quotation from last Monday's installment. Every word is
applicable to this side of the line us
proven by the (J. T. P. autonomy
bill and other initiations legislation:
We hear much of many wonders of
combination und concentration of
industrial power which railway and
telegraph have wrought. Hut nothing is said about what seems to
mu ihe greatest wonder of them all
--how -these forces have resulted in
the concentration of the political
power of upwards of twelve millions
of our fifteen million voters; how
Uio few can impose their ideus and
their will upon widening circles, out
and out, until ull ure included. The
people ure scattered; the powers confer, man to man, day by day. The
people are divided by partisan and
other prejudices; the powers are
bound together by the one self-interest. The people must accept such
political organizations as are" provided for them; the powers pay for,
nnd their agents make and direct,
those organizations. The people are
• poor; the powers are rich. The jieo-
ple have not even offices to bestow;
the powers have offices to give and
lucrative employment of all kinds,
and material and social advancement
—everything that vanity or the ai>-
petite of mnn craves. The people
punish but feebly—usually the wrong
persons—nnd soon forget; the i»wers
relentlessly and surely pursue those
who oppose them, forgive only after
the offender has surrendered unconditionally, and they never forget where
it. is to their interest to remember.
The   powers   know   both   what    they
A CLEAR REVOLUTIONARY NOTE
At Understood by a Will Vinci California ComrMlo
What is the clear revolutionary,
note? It is the note that sounds a |
clearly defined recognition of the (
fact that men have always acted and i
do now act in accordance with their
material interests, that these material ' interests gather men into
classes which come into inevitable
and irreconcilable conflict because
their interests are antagonistic. Always the stronger class seizes the
powers of government und uses them
to further its ends and to fix and'
perpetuate its dominance. The ovo- j
hit ion ol society has now divided
th* people into two distinct classes
—the owners of the machinery of pro I
duction and those who own nothing
but their labor power and must live!
by selling it in a competitive market. The owners of the means ol
lifo—the capitalist cluss—are in control of the government, and use all
the flowers of government to uphold
the present system of production. So
long as the capitalist class can retain its hold upon the government,
the working class need not expect no
radical or permanent improvement in
its condition. Only by making its
own constitution (if one is needed),
its own laws, and interpreting them
in its own court houses, and enforcing them with its own power of police and army can the working class
ever obtain the ownership of the
tools with which it must work. It
must own these tools with which it
must work, lt must own these tools
in order to own the product of its
labor. As long as the capitalist
class own the tools it will own the
product, ami the workers will get
only tho small portion which the
cost of living forces in competition,
and  this    living   will  not take   into
consideration sickness, accident or
old age. Out of the race you must
go to the scrap heap. Ownership is
settled by law. Law is tha rule of
a class. The only law-that will
sanction the ownership of the means
of life by the working class is the
law made by the working class. The
working class can only make its
laws through the agency of government. It will get only what it is
able to take. It will keep only what
it is able to hold, lt can get control of government and bring about
the ends it seeks only by class conscious organization.
Which paper in the United States
best sounds this clear revolutionary
note?
The Sociulist paper, as a matter ol
course, represents the present status
of the movement. Whenever a party attains sufficient numerical
strength to become a factor in poll-
tics it seems inevitable that it must
become more or less involved in the
every day tactics of political warfare, and find itself drawn away
from the more radical 'insistence upon
its fundamental principles. This has
been the history of the Socialist
movement in Germany. It is the
danger everywhere. The paper, other things being equal, that most
strenuously and consistently urges
upon the working class the necessity
of organization—class conscious party organization—and keeps always in
the foreground that reform without
revolution is not only of questionable advantage to the working class
but in the very nature ol class government is impossible, is the power
of most service to the Socialist move
ment.—Walter V. Hollpway, in Socialist Voice.
WISE MASTERS AND STUPID SLAVES
Thi Former Protect Themselves Against Vklons Liglslotwo
On the letterheads used by the man-
ufacturersj association appears the
following significant line. "We protect you from vicious legislation."
Vicious legislation in this case can
only be interpreted lo mean legislation that is not in accord with the
views of the association. How this
protection is furnished is not made
plain. It has come to a pretty pass
when an association of a few manufacturers can thus advertise the fact
that they furnish "protection"—that
is to say, can influence legislation at
will.—Typographical  Journal.
And why should not the manufacturers' association protect its members from vicious legislation to the
full extent of its power to do so?
What i.s wrong about it anyway?
Most assuredly "vicious legislation," from the standpoint of employers, would be rtuch as tended to
injure their material interests. lt
would appear to be the very acme of
wisdom and good judgment upon
their part, to guard against all such
legislation. The evils against which
all workers protest arise from tho
fact that employers safe-guard their
economic interests by controlling legislation in their own behalf and the
employes do not.
All legislation is class legislation,
and government is purely a class
instrument. Unless the capitalist
class controls government, and thus
shupes legislation ih its own behalf,
it could not maintain its position of
mastery over its slaves—the working
men. With the workers outnumbering their musters (capitalists) many
to one, it spenks volumes for their
ignorance when they will persist in
allowing the musters to remuin mus-
want and how  to get it;  the people
know neither.
These things are well known to exist, but one hardly expects the confession to be endorsed by an organ
of "the  powers."
•   •   •
lhe Toronto Telegram recently
published a cartoon, "Our politios is
a fake' fight." Tho cartoon presents Laurier and Borden indulging
in a sham fight amid the cheers ol
the onlookers. Apparently the Toronto Telegram has only just discovered that the so-called fight amid
the cheers of onlookers is gallery
play. This fact has been known and
taught by Socialists these many
years. ParHament represents "the
capitalist class and no other; how
can there be uny serious difference
between those in and those out of
the government seats when both factions represent the same class? How
can the working class expect favorable legislation from their enemies?
Parliamentary fights will be real
enough when there is n goodly number of Socialists in parliament. Then
the fictitious differences between grit
and tory will disappear and they
will oppose a solid front to the Socialists. Then the fight will bo between the capitalist class and the
working class, and it will be a fight
to the death. Then shall we get
one reform after another in the hope
of preventing or ot least indefinitely postponing the fall of capitalism.
—Spartacus in Winnipeg Voice.
ters, by refraining from stripping
them of the power to control government and shape its acts.
The action, of the manufacturers'
association in protecting its members from "vicious legislation" is
commendable in the extreme. ,That
so-called labor leaders and journals,
do not stir the workers to take similar action, for similar purpose in
their own behalf, speaks volumes, either for their ignorance or their pernicious proclivities.
lt may. lie tiue that things have
come to a "pretty pass when an association of a few manufacturers can
thus advertise the fact that they fuc-
nish "protection"—that is to say-
can influence legislation at will. But
that which mak.es of it a "pretty-
pass," is nothing short of the stu-
penihious asininity of the working
men themselves, who, by giving their
support to the political parties of
the employing class, entrench their
masters in a position where they ran
protect themselves against ".vicious
legislation," by using all thc powers
of government to more securely rivet upon the limbs of the workers tlie
chains of wage-slavery.
lf there is one thing for which labor leaders and journals arc especially noted, it is for their careful avoid-t
anoo of anything that would tend to
awaken the rank and file to an understanding of the true location of
the seat   of capitalist  power.
Whether this propensity is due to
cowardice, ignorance or design,
must lie left to the leader to judge.
One thing is certain. That, which
from the standpoint of tho employers, is "vicious legislation." is from
the standpoint of the employes, its
very opposite, and vice versa. Therefore, if the workess are to protect
Uioiuselves from "vicious legislation"
they must follow in the footsteps of
the employers, and seize the reins
of power so that they may shape
legislation to suit their purpose, lt
is high time that labor journals dispensed with the bombastic rot that
now, in so many cases, fills their
columns, and devoted the space to
teaching some wholesome truth regarding matters economic and political as affecting the welfare of they
who make up thc only useful class
in human society, — the working!
class.
('ease complaining, oh, ye wage-
slaves, because your masters exercise due wisdom in seizing and wielding every power in order to protect
their material interests. Qo, ye,
and do likewise!
From late despatches it appeareth
that, our Uncle Samuel proposes to
land goods at, the Chinese ports in
spite of the hoyoott eVen if it becomes necessary to do so under the
guns of warships. Bully lor you.
Uncle; Mully for you. Make the
pig-tailed scalawags respect your ancient und honorable bargain counter
reputation.
Comrade Harry Sibble continues to
semi in the subs. Tie has been working in the vicinity of Blaine nnd Bel-
Itnghnni, and is now at Kvcrett,
Wash. Flo reports an interesting
discussion between Comrade Arthur
Morrow T*wis, of California, and
John 7,. White, the Chicago single-
taxer, at Everett, on Sunday night,
Aug. 14th-
h
;
i
•*. i
■
!
il ■
Hie Western Clarion
Published every Saturday ia the
interests of the Working Claee alone
at the oflce of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
Vancouver, B. C.
■""■IMHtrt '
■ix* ',*■','?' -faae
WM WISfWtH «■**«». ImiKQWfn*, B, fr
aATURHAY
that will apply to tho conflict of interest between master and slave,
and that i.s the arbitration that will
destroy the former by freeing the latter. The sooner this be accomplished, the sooner will peace reign upon
earth.
REMARKABLE DISCOVERY.
m**ammmammahmmwm
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SATURDAY   August 19,   1905
ARBITRATION.
The system of industrial arbitration in New Zealand, which was fondly hoped would put an end to strikes
is now a pronounced failure. ' The
Judges, seeing it is a wreck, refuse to
administer it any more. We must
all be sorry to see the failure of an
attempt, launched with high hopes,
to put an end to industrial war. Noti
only an end of strikes waas nromised
but a complete system ol indusir nl
law. Such, however, was the inevitable result. So long as rhe mirket
was rising and the court had inly
to register the fair demands o. the
artisan and the ready ruakvut of the
employer, all went ^ery well, itut
as soon as the market urm*.l and
contention commenced, t uble was
sure to begin. It is impmihle to
enforce an award. No |N»wer can
compel an employer to ij.ry on li;»
trade at a loss or the employee to
take arbitration wages ."hen higher
wages are to be »i».d else* he-c.
Friendly mediation mi/'it do .so,nettling. It may at ali events uh-o
the contestants time to coo!. Bit in
good sense and good temper on loth
sides, combined with inoreaid l-iow-
ledge ot the simple facts and rules
of Industrial economy, must Le cur
chief reliance. If the Bystander j.resumed to propose an expe-lic.it it
would be that when a .'ivision is taken on a strike it should a'-vays be
by ballot, and each married man
should have two votes.—Bystander,
in Weekly Sun.
Thus another bubble blown by hot-
air artists is burst, and things are
found to be taking their regular
course just as though it had never
been blown. The advocates of arbitration should make a note of the
success of their favorite scheme in
the Antipodes, and they may make
■jure it will work as well here as
there.
That this arbitration scheme of
nonsense fails, is by no means strange
for the reason that between employer and employe, master and slave,
there ie nothing to arbitrate or that
can be arbitrated except by the exercise, of sheer force. So long as
the relationship of master and slave
exists, a conflict of interest remains
tbat will admit of no arbitration or
compromise short of complete smb.
faction on the one side and equally
complete mastery upon the other.
It is a Jolly good confession made
by the writer above quoted, that so
long as the market was "rising" everything "went well," but when the
contrary was the case, arbitration
was of no avail. This is equivalent
to confessing that arbitration worked all right when it was not needed.
When it was needed, it would not
work at all. "No power can compel
an employer to carry on trade at a
lose, or the employed to take arbitration wages when higher wages are
to be had elsewhere." says Bystander, all oi which is equivalent to saying that the conditions and circumstances of the market determine tbe
price of the commodity labor-power,
as well as all others and that arbitration tribunals are utterly useless
and without power. The friction between employer and employe wiU
not only remain but will increase in
Intensity so long as the wage sys-j
tern stands. The competition among
'tt» workers is' continually becoming
.fiercer. This enables the employers
to skin the ' workers close to " thej
q*Ulck, which id turn compels    then!
It is reported that John Mitchell
of thc United Mine Workers, gave utterance to the following words at t*hq
recent district convention of his organization at Hunmore, Pennsylvania:
"Never in my life have I felt more
concerned about tho entire mining
stiuation than now. I don't know
whether you fully realize what confronts us on April I next year. Every miner will be without a contract.
Every miner will be in a position to
demand what ho wants, There will
be no agreement or board of arbitration to deter you. But, while we
have the liberty to make demands,
the operators will also lie at freedom to make demands on us. There
are external evidences that they will
have some. On every hand stock--
ades ond fences are being built,
places are being filled with every available pound of coal. They are not
doing it for pleasure. Indications
are that they are preparing to resist
your demands or make demands on
you."
Thc wily John has made a most
remarkable discovery, and that is
that, his orgmiiy.nl ion is slated to go
mi against the real thing in the near
future, in a manner that is liable to
shatter its prestige and jeopardize
John's fat snap. That the conditions of the labor market are fast
getting rotten-riiic for tho delivery
of solar plexus blows to these so-
called labor organizations, has been
known to every one who docs not
ostrich-like thrust his head in the
sand and refuse to note the trend of
things. Just how John came to
break away from civic federation
banquets, etc., long enough to discover tho approaching storm-cloud,
is a mystery, But then, if it comes
to the worst and John's graft plays
out, he can tide over a period of famine by soaking some of the jewelry that Robbins and his gang of
Pittsburg coal pirates, donated to
him at that famous banquet given in
his honor just before he left on his
European junket.
It is more than probable that next
season will be marked by sweeping
wage reductions, in spite of stubborn efforts upon the part of the
workers to prevent them. The conditions are rapidly becoming such as
to warrant no other prediction. The
labor market is hopelessly glutted
with labor power, and the conditions
are becoming more aggravated each
day. It may not be a comforting
assurance but it. is as certain as that
tho sun will rise and set on the
morrow that no power on earth can
offset the adverse conditions of the
labor market, i.e., adverse from the
standpoint of the laborers. The United Mine Workers and other organizations no doubt will put forth superhuman efforts, but it must prove
in vain so long as the conditions of
the market are against them.
The next Tew yoars are fraught
with peril and disaster to so-called
labor organizations whose field of action is limited to the narrow confines of a labor market.
Well may the wily Mitchell be alarmed. The Signs he sees are portentous of a coming storm of such
severity as to ensure the foundering
of his, and all similar economic (?)
craft'.
It is a most remarkable discovery
that Mitchell has made. Most remarkable,  indeed.
changed between tho United States
and China, during the past year, of
nearly twenty million dollars in favor of the former country- This means)
that Yankee labor skinners in one
year succeeded in fastening their
blood-sucking tentacles, in the form
of capital, upon thc Chinese people
to the extent of twenty million dollars. It is needless to add that Chinese workers will have to pay
through the nose for their investment just ns their 'white wage slave
contemporaries nre doing in tho United States and elsewhere. In other
words they will be forced to surrender their hides to capitalist property
in order that thoy may lie tanned
into the sacred and juicy profit so
dear to the thieves'  palate.
It also appears from thc dispatches that the boycott has been inaugurated because of the discourteous
treatment accorded to the "sons of
influential Chinese officials," at tho
hands of some of Uncle Sam's "immigration officials," at San Francisco. The mistake made by the latter was that they did not exercise
proper discrimiinntion in dispensing
their discourteous treatment. Had
they dished it out to "Chinese working plugs," it would have passed unnoticed and un resented. Dealt out
to "sons of influential officials,"
however, it was bound to be resented, und quite properly so. Being a
shrewd fellow, the offended "Chink"
knew how to properly resent the intuit to his official dignity, by striking back at the only tender spot in
the capitalist anatomy. By tho boycott he has cut off some of the profit
erstwhile accruing to the Yankee capitalist, and a howl has gone
up that reverberates around the earth
This shows that the "Chink" landed
on the tender sppt. May tho plg-
tailed heathen continue to deliver
the blows. It is none of he working man's fight anyway, ns he has
no stolen goods to sell either in
China or elsewhere. All of the
goods he has to sell is his labor power and it is so plentiful and •• nse-
qfuently cheap, that it is hardly
worth stealing, and cannot, in many
cases, be even given away.
The governor of Niu-Chwang has
notified the boycotters "that their
action is punishable by death." The
governor is up-to-date. From the
standpoint of capital, anyone who
Defuses to purchase is too dangerous
a character to be allowed to live.
The governor is quite right in thc
matter.     They ought to be killed.
RAILWAY PROPERTY.
THAT OIIINESE BOYCOTT
The Chinese boycott of goods from
tho United States still looms portentous before the vision of the festive
Yankee labor skinning fraternity.
Ami right well may they be frightened by it. The Chinese market has
afforded most alluring possibilities
for the disposition of the plunder
stolen from thc working class at
home, and once these possibilities
arc closed there i.s every reason why
the thieves should become terror-
stricken,
If the modern highwayman (capitalist) cannot, dispose of his stolen
goods, so as to convert their value
into new capital, i.e., additional
means of robbery, his thieving career would be brought to a close at
once. What ■ is true in this respect
of an individual, is true of the class.
There would be neither zest or other
Ut recognise the skinning process   of motive in stealing things that could
which they are the v'ctimsv As they
..more clearly recognize the skinning
Ihat is being practiced upon them
under the wage system, . the more
pronounced will, become their dosire
and determination to abolish the
system, and the less liable will they
he.to be led astray ln pursuit of arbitration and other silly schemes.
There is but one sort of arbitration
According to a bulletin of the Census Bureau the commercial value of
the railroad property of the United
States is $11,244,852,000.— News
Item.
In its corporate form alone is tho
character of capital disclosed, and ita
real significance laid bare. ' In its
most highly developed corporate
form, such as the railways, the purpose and true meaning of capitalist
property is so clearly expressed that
it would appear to be akin to a mfir-
acle that anyone should fail to observe it. Commercial rating is given to property according to the profit that may be realized from its operation. If the railways are commercially rated ns worth eleven billion
dollars, it arises from the fact that
the normal or average rate of profit in the capitalist world, can be
paid Upon that sum, out of the earnings of the roads after all the expenses have been paid. Such being
the case the railways are worth that
stupendous sum as an investment.
Should the volume of profit increase
the valuation would increase in bke
ratio. Should the volume of profit
decrease so would the valuation. As
the fundamental purpose of capital
is profit, the commercial rating of
railways and other forms of capitalist property must Ik* determined by
that factor alone.
II the railways are worth thc sum
mentioned above it means that out
of the earnings there is enough left,
after all expenses aro paid, to pay
the average rate of profit upon that
slum. From whence comes the earnings of the roads? From the pockets of those who make up that ordinarily erratic and more or less stupid
conglomeration commonly known as
the public, Such earnings are paid
in return for services performed, in
the way of freight and passenger
transportation, by an army of men
known as railway employees. This,
army  in the   United   States   numbers
owners of the railways, not because
they have performed nny service in
the way of carrying freight or passengers, but because they occupy
position whereby thoy can command
the labor of the workers who do perform such sen-ices. In other word*
the owners derive their profit because they occupy the ixiint of vantage that enables them to collect
payment for the service, ami settle
with the workmen upon the basis determined by tho merciless conditions
of a competitive labor market.
Railway property then becomes
merely the menns whereby tho owners arc enabled to plunder thc workers nnd the extent of tho plunder determines the commercial rating or
value of their holdings. As the
workers must labor in order to provide tho means of living, capitalist
property in railways becomes tho instrument whereby its beneficiaries,
(.capitalists) appropriate the product and retain for themselves all
in excess of that pittance doled out
to tho workman under the guise of
wages.
What is it then that furnishes the
basis of this value or commercial
rating'.' The labor of the vast army
of men who build tho roads, keep
thbm in repair nnd Operate them.
Then, in the Inst analysis this value
of over eleven billion dollars rests
in the bodies of the million or more
fflen who function as railway employees. As railway property, like
all- capitalist property in fact, de-
IR'nds for its profits upon the productive power of working people and
its valuation or commercial rating
is solely determined by this, It will
lie readily seen that such a form of
property is merely the instrument
whereby human beings in the form of
workmen are held in subjection to
masters. In still plainer language,
capitalist property functions merely
as a title deed to human slaves.
Were the slaves lo vanish, capitalist
property would be no more.
Whatever the sum of profit may
be per annum that renders the valuation of eleven billion dollars possible that profit, represents what the
railway slaves earn during the year
but do not get. it represents the
price they pay for their slavery.
Like all good things it comes high,
and so long as they are stupid enough to believe that it must continue they will be coni|ielled to pay the
price.
If the average rate of capitalist
profit be ten per cent., then the profit accruing to tho railroads of the
United States must amount to over
one billion dollars. With one million employees this would mean an
average of $1,000 profit per man.
$1,000 per annum is quite a reasonable sum for a workman to pay for
being an ass. That he is the long-
eared ass that packs capitalist civilization upon his back, and pays its
enormous expense, ought to have
long since been discovered by tho
most stupid.
What is true of the railway work^-
er is true of them in all industries.
Just what fabulous sums are wrung
from their slavish toil, by the beneficiaries of capitalist property is beyond reach of computation. But,
whatever it is, it is safe to assert
if it were retained by themsolvcs and
added to their present wage pittance
it would enable thom to live at least
a life approaching to comfort and decency.
Not a journal of tho various railway brotherhoods will, however,
point out to its readers tho significance of those commercial values and
capitalist profits. They are far more
apt to waste space upon laudatory
comment upon the prosperity of railway companies, or fulsome flattery
of some smooth railway official who
has blown a little sweet-scented
"hot-air" over his employers at some
belly-crawling banquet.
These railway valuations and profits should be analysed by every journal pretending to speak for iho employees, so thnt they might become
familiar with the swindle that is
practiced  upon     them     and  discover
means to bring it to an end.
 o	
QJmV* Every Local of tho Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note. 	
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA.
Hondquarters, Vancouver, B. 0.
Dominion Executive Committee.
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, All. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasuror; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,  B.  \
t
OCAL VANCOUVER. No. 1, S. P.
of C. Businoss meetings every
Wednesday ovening In the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 818 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
ovening at 8 o'clock in tho Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box 880, Vancouver, B. C.
month.    .Sec-lanes pl^'*" ">*4"J
Phoenix Trades and I akT^
Meets every &£? (j,
John  Riordan lf
presi,
tut:
Hi
111
Brown,  vicc-presi,|nu","'b ^
casseSergeant-a.-,'inn;:wP'11,l|
bury, secretary"t'reasur! }vH
108, Phoenix. J!  Cr,P'<J,
Phoenix     Miners'
eets
W. F. M.    M
Union,
N,
every S,
uVe»'ng™at 7M o'clock ' ■■
hall
chl. F. Berry; ^^
LOCAL VICTORIA, No. 2. S. P. of
C. II. J. D- Heritor, socrotary,
Rock   Hay Hotel,  Victoria,  H.  C.
LOCAL REVELSTOKE, No. 7. H.
Selgfrled, secretary, P.O. box 20H,
Revelstoke,  II.  0.
LOCAL NANAIMO, No. 8. Daniel
Livingstone, secrotary. Box 452,
Nnnnimo,   II.  ('.
LOCAL VANANDA, No 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Tcxada
Island.  B. (".     ___	
LOCAL TOItONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Hat hurst, St.    !•'. Dale, Secretary,
4 1    Henry   street,     W.   O.   Cribble,
organizer, 180 Hogarth Ave.
Nanaimo A/iners* Uin^^;
r=. M. meets every third e. 3
from, July 2 Alfreu a «9
idrnt; Jonathan Uherwo-ri
Box as9. Nanaimo, B"^
ing secretary.
iCDWAlin limn,
liKO.
A. (!.  llHrnON-JACE
Mrl'HOMUN
BIRO, BRYOOH-JAGK A McCROSSAN
BARUIHTKR.S, SOLICITOUS, ETC.
Railway Block" Tel. 8».    P.O. Bun 9»
324 Hwtisgi Stmt     -     Vsscosver, B C
_        B8TABI.ISHR1J
The VOICI
Tfci Oldest Labor Papa, ,, <m
Always a fearless* ex*,,,,,',,,,,":
cause ol lalxir.
-».
I'or one (Iiilhir i
tl"' paoet »|
wnt to auy juMicss (or
W'orkingnniKifali
"He leu.
eouuiri—Ji
won recognize Uu fact \\M id
must support an.l reaij th,.
papers.
Issued every I'rirlav
i.'ii W«
Tfce Voice Publishing Co., [j^
WINNIPEG, Man.
-t i IK-
NOTE AND COMMENT
The contracts which lhe coal miners
of the States have with the coal
owners, expire on April 1, 1900. Report snys that the production of coal
in the anthracite district is being
liushed to the maximum and immense quantities are being piled up
in storage. It is considered more
than probable that this is being done
with a view to crushing the unions
and forcing downward the scale for
mining nt -the expiration of the present contracts. Another gloriuus contest may confidently lie looked for
a year hence! between organized empty-bellies and organized economic
power.
TIIK EAGLE "HONES.
If John Chinaman gets too gay
over on the other Ude touching Americans ond the Star Spangled Banner, President Roosevelt will send a
few ships of war over there thaU will
make "Johnny" think h 1 has broken loose! "Johnny Chinamvin"
had better not monkey with thc buzz
According to the New   York     Tribune, Admiral Togo is a member of
the Presbyterian Church,  and    Vico-
Admiral   I'riu is a Presbyterian   elder.     (Jenerals Kuroki  and Oku,   are
also  Presbyterians,  and  Field   Marshal Oyama is either n Presbyterian
or a Congregationalism    It is a comfort  to  know  that these past   masters  in the  art   of human     Iwtchery
are neither Pagans, Heathens nor Infidels.     As the leaders on both sides
are Christian followers of the Prince | "ro-
of Peace,  let the glorious war go on
right merrily,
Let ready Christian broadsword
Deal pious Christian cuts.
And never be by Christian sheathed
Except  in  Christian—er—insides.
Miners'Mapii
Published   Weekly Ly toe
Western Federation Of Mlaen
A  Vigorous Advocate of Uta|
Cause.
Clear-Cut an.l Agnrwuivs
Per Year $1.00        Six Monthi, I
Address;
MIXERS' MAGAZINE,
Denver. Colorado.
SMOKE
Kurtz's Otvn
Kurtz's Pioneers
Spanish Biossoms
c. peters ,:;•«;
llntid-Matlf n.x Is nn.I Short I" ..rinSS
•11 *ivl< «.   KepafrtiiK prompt)) ;ti.<!«ill
ly done,     stock   ot ilapl.   rttdjr-**g
SltofH BlfVAyi on hum!
2458 Wtitnisiter Ave      Mont I
And
TAKE YOUR HAT TO THE J
NAT HOSPITAL
155 Corriovn Street
have   it  rejuvenated »itli
Old Hats Cleanod, Yxessolt
Made  as  Good   as    New   by ^
workmen and at moderate cost.
Elijah Leard.
THE   MODERN   HAT  ItESTORH
Down in Kansas City, it seems the
people have lor years been accustomed to use the court house yard as a
ptarjv. Some upstart city olflcials
have now discovered thnn to be
loafers aud have issued orders forbidding further use of tho grounds
for such purpose. The court house
grounds in Vancouver have been used
to a limited extent during the late
hot weather for a similar purpose.
At times, as many as half a dozen
persons might have been seen reclining upon the grass. According to
the News-Advertiser, Aug. 15, complaint has been made about these
"loafers," upon Ihe plea that tho
grounds become littered up with
'paper and rubbish," and tbe "turf
damaged." It is safe to say that
the complaint comes from some lazy
city official who i.s paid to remove
the rubbish and care for the turf.
Either that, or some west end loafer
who has, by the exercise of thrift,
industry, and the gentle art of business acquired possession of grounds
of his own in which to loaf. At any
rate, this reclining upon the grass or
in any manner enjoying the narrow
pleasures afforded by these penurious
little public parks and breathing
places, ought to he stopped. Such
reprehensible conduct upon the part
of Ihe people who pay for thtvm
and nre. supposed to own them, is
clearly  unconstitutional.
not be used, and the only use that
the plunder of modem capital can
be put to is to sell it. so that the
thieving henefidiaries may convert
it into the things needful to satisfy
their luxurious appetites, and into
additional capital, or means of robbery. It is shown in the press dispatches that there was a difference
between    the amount    of goods ex-
about one million men.    These work- j saw.     lt wouldn't, take Uncle     8am
men and their fellows have    builded i ovcr for,.v-<"'ght hours after the   Ta-
and equipped the roads, maintain and   tfi^ ,W ifowc "^"f WAt*''S
** "to knocK  tnat   boycott  off  Araeri<w.n
goods higher  than Oibleroy's   kite-
Seattle Times.
The "Times" is not nn anarchist
sheet. It is not even a socialist
slieet, that bolieves in "■destroying
the home," in pillage, arson and
murder.     It is just a real gooci,   or-
j dinary, every-day advocate of "law
and order,"     and  the rights  of pro-
Iperty."       In     fact,    it.  is  a.    really
ttFINl
X.
WAfiE-UBOK   AND
By KARL MAI
Single copies 5 cent
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A copies ■
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1 .«r I
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js 1111 BUI
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working class   in   tne  »
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pkmcut, the wage sy*«-'"•
The Western Clarion
compromising   advocate
keep them in repair and operate
them. In these ways do they alono
perform the services for which tbe
aforesaid public pays. Out of the
amount received by the railroads in
payment for the service rendered by
the workmen the letter's wages are
paid and the balance appropriated
by the owners as profit upon tiie
huge sums at which the roads    are
commercially rated. great    "moral engine," and   moldcr
Tnis enormous profit comes to the -of public opinion
United Hatters of North Amen'
    .^tolt'
When you are buying a PUR nAl„    1,
the (lenuine Union Label I* *«w*d 1" |l
Im* loose label* ln  hi* ponta*"'"" '"I"1 ".,„,
on* in a h»t for you, do not patronl**   '
label* In  retail  Horse  ar* counterfeit
tfSfW
Union Label I* perforated 0n four eilK*"4' ^ toVl
same m a postage ■temp. Counterfeit"* ^ am
limes DarforatMl nn  threa edswi.  *»n ""   ,.,„hii I' 'I
limes perforated  on three edge*, •."'!,",' "£1
on two.    John B. Stetson Co.,
non-union concern.
JOHN  A.  MOKFITT,  President. Orange,
11   w*veriy        ■
MAItTIN   LAWLOR,    Secretary,   I1
New Yarki, -~        ?	
0, rhll nrtelP*1'*
N.J' August 4.9, -JOOg
A Chapter From Marx
CI
(SNESIS   OF   THE   INDUSTRIAL CAPITALIST
the industrial capi-   Warren   Hastings   swarms   with  such
■U in such agra- cases.     Here I* „„ Instance.   A con
■),(. genesis
Italist did "lJ ik    (nal of tfte farmer,   tract  for  opium  was given  to  a cer
*"L£J many small giiild-masters tain Sullivan at the moment, of "his
"Till more ...dependent small ir-[departure on an ofllcial mission ■„
f, .. or even wage-laborers, trans- a part ..f India far removed from the
"" i ili.'.nselves into small capi- opium district. Sullivan sold his
KSf? and (I-.V gradually extending (contract to one, it,„n for CaO.OOo"
Station o' wage-labor; and cor; Oran sold it ,„,. aama ,, , £>
Sung accumulation)    into   full. Q00. and the ul,,„m,e purchaser who
Smart     Inspects
Orphanages.
In the infancy of
production,    tilings often
IMjpondlng ac
uln capitalist-
i.nlist     iiriHb\-—mmmmmmmmmmmm—
?   "      a    i"  the  infancy   of   me
fT towns.      where  the. ipiestion.
tXX ol tl"' escaped serfs should be
,., „n,l     which    servant  was in
niasi
I***
■ai pari
lecided  by
llui.'i
ila i c
,,f i heir flight.   	
t. ui this method corresponded   in
fowlM ■villi the commercial reojulre-
uf tlie new world market that
u-nts ol
I tt..' pea!
of
Ilhu .''a
duction,
discoveries of the end
He 16th century' created. Rut Uio
middle ages had handed down two
tatlncl i"""s "' '"Pitnl, which mu.
,..«. in rhe most different economic
■oclil li...nations, uml which, before
nl tlie capitalist mode of pro-
considered as  capital
Iouariil   men..—usurer's    capital   and
i„„ivhiiiit 'i capital.
•      €>      •
Tin' money capital formed by means
■ of usury and commerce was provent-
|,.,i from turning into industrial cupital in t'11' country by the finwlal con-
{itltutiiin; in the towns by thc guild
IorganlMtion. These fetter* vanlsfa-
,.,! with the dissolution of feudal so-
i,n, with the expropriation and
iriial evutinn of the country po|>-
ulutioa. The new manufactures
■are established at sea-pxirte, or at
inland points beyond the control of
(hi' old municipalities and their
guilds. Hence in England an em-
bfttered struggle of tho corporate
towns against these new industrial
nurs.Ti.-x
[perl
carried out the contract declared,
that after all he realized an enormous gain. According to one of the
lists laid before parliament, the com-
l»uny and its employes from 1757 to
17lil*, got £0,000,000 from the In-
the earlier or Idians as gifts. Between 17<>9 and
The snail's |177G, the English manufactured a
famine by buying up all the rice and
refusing to sell it again, except at
fabulous  prices.
The treatment of the aborigines
was, naturally, most frightful in
plantation colonics destined for export trudv only, such as the West
Indies, and in rich and well populated countries such as Mexico and India, that were given over to plund.
er. But even in the colonies properly so-called, ihe Christian character
of primitive accumulation did not
better   itself.        Those  sober   virtuosi
of protestantism,    the Puritans    of
new England, in I "<''', by decrees of
their assembly set  a premium of £40
on every Indian scalp and every captured  rod-skin;    in   I7UU,  a  premium
of £100 on every scalp;   in 1744 after   Massachusetts   Hay   had  declared
a certain  tribe as  rebels,   the following prices:    for a male scalp of     13
years and  upwards,   £100,  (new currency);   for a  male prisoner,   £105;
for  women    and     children  prisoners,
£00;   for scalps of women uud   children,   £fi0(     Same  decades    later,   the
colonial   system   look   its revenge  on
the descendants of the pious pilgrim
fathers,   who  had  grown seditious in
Hw discovery of gold and    silver, the meantime.     At  English  instiga-
;„„,,,,,   the extirpation, enslave- Hon and for English pay,  they  were
t*  , and entombment   in   the  mines | toinahuwkc.1   by   red-skins.    The Brl.
tho aboriginal laudation, thc be-  t'sh parliament    proclaimed    blood-
1L of the conquest and   looting  hounds and scalping as    means that
Irfthe East   Indies,   thc  turning     of  Ood and Nature hud given into     its
Africa Into n warren for thc commer-  hand.
aal hunting ot black skins, signal'/- ! rhe colonial system ripened, ike a
the rosv dawn of the era of capi- hothouse, trade and navigation. The
rtaust production. These idyllic pro-1 "«ocietiea monopolia' ol Luther,
keallnin are the chief momenta of;"""' powerful levers for concen'ra-
pnmi.n.. accumulation. On tteir tion of capital. Hie colonies secur-
tel, tread* the commercial war of «l a market for the budding mami-
teBuropean nations, with the globe racturea, und through the monopoly
,,,... ,, , :_ ,.«- ••  I of the market, an increased accumulation. The treasures captured outside of Europe by undisguised looting, enslavement and murder, floated
back to the mother-country and were
there turned Into capital. Holland,
which first fully developed the colonial system, in HilH stood already
in the acme of its commercial greatness. It was "in almost exclusive
possession of the East Indian trade,
and the commerce between the southeast nnd north-west  of Europe.    Its
- - -   -»--   'fisheries,   marine,   manufactures,   sur-
cal combination, embracing the ''<> - , .(| (h()Si, of nriv „,,„.,. country.
Mitt, the national debt, thc wcto.^ ,0|n, t.npjln, of ,h(. Repoblh
o( taxation,     anil    the  protectionist..
A meeting organized by the Ful-
ham Hoard of Guardians, says a re-
rent despatch, was held in London
at the offices of the Metropolitan
Asylums Hoard, Thames Embankment
to give members of their own and
other hoards of guardians nn opportunity of meeting Mr. Boyno Smart,
the Dominion of Canada government
inspector of Hritish children sent to
Canada, The Rev. 8. P, J, Proport,
M.A., (chairman of .he Fulbam
Hoard of Guardians), took the chair.
Mr. Smart said his visit tu Great
Britain was not primarily to promote a large emigration to Canada
of the homeless and needy in this
country, bill to look into the system
nnd training in workhouses and orphanages here, and especially to visit institutions which were sending
out children to Canada.
The conditions of successful emigration were high Character, health,
und previous training. It, was obvious that a boy picked up in the
street nnd sent straight lo Canada
could not .In as well as one trained
in a home here before lieing sent
over
From 1800 to 1004 the number of
children s.-nt (.0 Canada through I lie
various agencies wus H,-11 ,r> and during that period there were 54,74:0
bona-fide applications, or practically
seven applications for each child.
The children were well distributed
over Ihe different parts of Canada,
where, ns n rule, the Hritish juveniles were treated by the Canadian
fanners to whom they were indentured as members of the family, and
though lhe farmers were democratic
they held thnt "Jnck is not as good
as his master."
Many jioor children drown froni thril
slums of the country had become
prosperous citizens of Canada, some
being clergymen, doctors, lawyers,
and teachers. There were l.'t centres
in Canada where Children from drear
Britain were received nnd distributed
— Daily   Press.
Th
25,000
New Words
are added in Ibe last edition of
Webster's International Dictionary. The International is kept
always abreast of tbe times. It
takes constant work, expensive
work and worry, but it is tbe only
way to keep the dictionary the
Standard
Authority
| of tbe English-speaking world.
Other dictionaries follow. Webster leads.
It is the favorite with Judges,
Scholars, Ed ncators, Printers, etc.,
in this and foreign countries.
A postal card will bring yon
interesting specimen pages, etc.
G. & C. MERRIAM COMPANY
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rimi.isnsns or
WEBSTER'S
INTERNATIONAL
DICTIONARY.
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Telephone 198 VICTORIA, B. C.
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Wh*n  in  Victoria,
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Colonial Bakery
20 Johnson  St..   Victoria,  B.C.
UPllOn MADE BREAD AND CARCI
Delivered  to any  part ot tha city.    Met
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HAROLO BURNETT, News Aft.
Victoria General Ageat for The
SKATTI.fc UMES
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'•HAVANA
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; VICTORIA, B.C. 	
PAVING HIGH PRICES
HECOMES MONOTONOUS
rt> HASHES' FAIR S£
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Mounting Large (iuinc Hmd* a Specialty
JOHN    COOPER
Taxidermist and Furdrcsser
8*6 Peniler St. Opp. People'* Theatre
VANCOI'VliR, B. C.
iKTENfTS
shipping of wage-slaves in .
in-
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We solicit the business of Manufacturers,
JJngineersnnd others who realize the advisability of bavins their Patent business transacted
.... i.-.,... ....     ti—i:~: i-i—t      «,	
for & theatre, it i>.^i«.s wilh the revolt of ih.' Netherlands: from Spain,
KHimcs giiint diiiiensions in I'.hk
land's anti-jacobin war. and is still
(tuirier 'in in die opium wars against
t'hinn, etc.
The different momenta of primitive
Iltcumulatlon distribute themsi'lves
bow, more or less, in chronological
order,.particularly over Spain, JPortu-
~'   llulland,   I'nui.e  and    lOngland.
I In Knirland nt tlie end of tho 17th
cmiiin, (hey arrive at a   systemati- I
bryo to Canada and other parts from I&£*?-«—; «.—   -—a-
.L     ,.  ' ,l       """'    moderate.   Our Inventor'* Adviser sent upon
^^^     thus
The toial      .^
., .  .. ,,  •""'".        :v""iwas probably more    important ilian
ivst.'in.     Ilut   thev  al  employ     the   ,.   ,    ,    ,, ,v        .     , ,, ,. , ,
, .,    0.   .•     . .    .   I   that of ol ih.> rent nf Europe put to-
puu.r uf lhe State,  the concentrated lm,(hPP ••
aoit   organized    force of  society,  to
nasU>n' nothouee fashion, the processr ot tmiisformation of the feudal
■node of production into the caplUl-
W '"'"I.', and to shorten the Uan>
loon. Force is the mid-wife of ev-
f-> old Rociety pregnant with a r..'w
nr*' It is itself an economic power.
m[the t'hristian colonial aystem,
"•Hewitt, ft man who mal<es a Bfe-
t'eii.v of Christianity, says: "The
jeroerltlaj an(| deaparate outrages of
tteMKalled Christian race t'nough-
out every region of -.ho woi'l.l, t.nd
JPH every ra-ople thev have been
ttleto subdue, are Q*t to to ,, »,'.-
£**» «ho» „| ,l(.v .„l,..r )n,o.
wjever fierce, however untaught,
W\ however redden of mercy    u„d
gel her ^^^^^^^^^^—^^—^—^
(Julirh forgets to add that by 1648
the lioople .if llulland were more
overworked, poorer and more lirutul-
ly oppressed 'hnn those of all the
rest of Europe put together.
.To be Continued.)
 o	
ANOTHER I><>\ QUIXOTE.
of
I .'llilllll.
in any age    of  the     earth
The  nien-stealera
The
^('history of the colonial adminis-
Uon of H„llani!-and Holland was
W head .apitalist nation of the
', 5, ••,'n""*y-"is one of the most
mhL\ y n',Rti"n» of treachery,
&S: ,nil'ssner<*. anil meanness."
ih..i,  S ls more characteristic  than
*»*Tir'javL SU,*,inR mCn> t0 KPt
tkM ,o,nin",i f"r ,ni8 Punpoim: ._
wore   h" l",nrProt*,r. and tho   seller,
nativ. . 'hlef *K°nt8 in this trade
£*tt,  the chief sellers.    The
In the "' s,olen werc thrown in-
'miil ,hS,Tr''' 'n,ng"<*onH Of Celebes,
to  h.   ,    VVore  rea,,v   'or     ending
Portttv,    ^V*'     An offlci«'     «••-
sir I,.,    .    Ihls one town   of  Ma< as-
iiwire i,,'   ?.   " "f s«'''l"1>t prisons, one
I "freed .,     '"*'r,"n"tfi8'   victim*     of
rerclblv .--r*nn«y 'l'tl»""0d in chains
To
s.H',1,1"'^ ,,rom    ,h<'ir families.
S' 'h"   •orT:a'  thC  1>"'l'h     C°r-
,S"«-n    Int   Ul
I ' hey h,
geae governor,. He
the town in 1641.
M'l M««..i nt once to his house
hm. h? m,,'d hi,n' t0 "«h"*tnin"
Price nf , !m'vmor" of £21,875. the
*'t foot i trt'"son. Wherev..r they
"on f„i (l(*'^nstatlon and dobppula-
vince "I'"?1' Uanjuwangi, a pro-
f ov<*r fiOnoii ?' ,n 17B0 numbered
"n|J' 18'oon in.hftbit'»'*t8, lila 1811.
The v Swpet commerce!
as |, *'!',?I,B* Hast India Company,
"ie Doll ,kJ,own. obtained, besides
elusive   ,''nI  n"° I"  India,  the    ex-
M well ""   .PO,y  of   thc   <™    1r"<le.
i t^rtl       °f lhe Chinese  trade     in
(f°ods J„   ™    ^ the     transport   of
-nff £,  from E"«*ope.  Tint tho
the hl?n,|,adc °f Indla an(
trad,. „f ,„'..8S we" as the   internal
innia   wero tho moaopolv 0(
* Vi.  ,c of Indlft «nd hot ween
"'I-*,  as we-
the hil •"*'"*• wer
I The 'nunl<>!V,,loy*,s of tho coinpany.
! *>d n,he'",k>s of «'t. opium/betel
' h*"U»ttbl« „1,con"T,odities, were kiex-
^oye* thn!? .** of Waalth. The em-
l"«i.dern„ Jr1Vos flx«1 ^o Price and
*'"• The W"" ,n'5 "Chappy Hin-
"art in I hi. KOV<*r,*or general took
witee rec.?vLr,Vit* trafflc' "«■ »av-
?IHona Vvh     ,  co"t»*ft<'ta utider   ron-
*• •Hemu?.* ,hey'. clovpror   than
nolhi
Ilk.
""nK     (j mado  K°M  out    of
"Kp niushp    Pat fortunes sprang   up
"^muia , oms [n a day; primitive
Mv«nce „i     wont on wlthmit    tho
°' » 'hilling.     The trial   of
Attorney General  Jerom.
Vork City, purposes to go before the
people for r.-eleclioii. not as u party nominee, bu. as a sort of "free
lance," whose cWef aiubiiion shall be
to i;ive battle lo what he terms the
"one man power" in politics. If the
astute Attorney General were really
astute, he would realize that the
political "boss" is ipiiie a logical
production, and one not to bo dispensed with so limn' as .apitalist
production rules the economic field.
The political "boss" is but the re-
Ilex of the economic boss. As industry   becomes   more  complelely   oriran-
Iroa and its management concentrated into fewer hands, likewise. with
the management of Its political re-
Ilex. The political protection that
is vital to capital must of necessity
express itself just ns that of which
it is a reflex, expresses Itself in the
domain of wealth production. While
capitalist production is still primitive an.l carried on by numerous
small nnd scatici'ed concerns, its in>-
lltlcal affairs will 1)0 conducted in a
similar haphazard fashion. As it
becomes more completely developed
and organlr.od into giatuitlc ostab-
lislituents under one directing head,
its political expression in order to lie
effective and accomplish its purpose,
w.ill of necessity follow out the same
line or organizations. As the economic master arises on the economic
field, his reflex and agent, the political "boss" rises on Ujo neld political, it will try the mottle of Jerome to 'mock the one down without
bowling the other over. Jerome is
another Hon Quixote,
There is no subject more widely
discussed nt the present time thnn
Socialism; nnd yet, but a few years
ngo it wns a subject almost unknown, and scarcely ever mentioned.
Whatever vagaries may be lodged in
tho heads of many who call themselves socialists, nnd whatever crude
notions may be entertained by num-
<erolis ones ns to (he purpose and ob-
|jHri of the Socialist movement, one
thing is clear enough nnd that is
that its followers nre becoming as
numerous ns the sands upon the sen-
shore, nnd the time is, beyond doailit,
wilhin mensurable distance when the
age-long aspirations of the working
class will, through this Socialist
movement, be woven into the web
nnd woof of the life of nations. The
next ten years will see more history
written by the hand of labor than has
been written during the centuries of
the post.  . 	
the Hritish Isles, seems lo constitute
no small part of the export trade
of that country. The careful selection of Ihe slock to be shipped, as
described in the above, is commendable indeed and speaks volumes for
the business integrity of the Hritish
trading  class.
That the demand from 1809 to
1904, greatly exceeded the supply is
Indisputable evidence of the excellent,
ijunlity of the goods as well as their
cheapness. The hankering of the
Ca'nadian farmer for this sort, of merchandise arises purely from philanthropic motives, and should not be
attributed to any disposition to
drive a good, bargain. That these
youngsters, the "flotsam and jetsam" of Hritish capitalism, are "indentured" to Canadian farmers, is
especially good. The very word
"indentured'' hath a most, pleasing
sound, highly suggestive of the continued round of pleasure which no
d oi jilt falls to the lot of the youngster who is fortunate enough to get
his neck  into  ihat  delightful  yoke.
I hy Kxperts. Preliminaryadvice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor'* Adviser sent upon
request. Mai ion & Marion, New York UfeBldg,
Montreal; ami Washington, I>.C, U.S.A.
1'
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for catalogue. Morse School of Telegraphy, Cinrinatti, O., ' Buffalo, N.
Y., Atlanta, Oa., La Crosse, Wis.,
Texarkana, Tex., Snn Francisco Gal.
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-*
ir'   '
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PLATFORM OF THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
We, the Socialist Parry of Canada,
Printing That Is RIGHT
OUR JOB PRINTING Department has been recently added
to by the purchase of a now
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ii: conventi n a 1 embled, affirm ou
tllegiance to and support of the priii
riples and prog.am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should 'u'tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecv.nr mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of thc
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of-setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and tha
worker is rapidly culminating in 1
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold:
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all worker*,
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, aa follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, it capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.      1    •-»
3. The establishment, as speedily
at possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question'ita guiding
rule of conduct:. WiU this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it wOl
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed' in
its hands In such a manner aa to promote the interests of the working class
alone
!  I
I
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA A
gl   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
Local.
..Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to lie a struggle for political spremacy, i. r. possession of the rein* of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers'into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter Into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Applicant <	
Address	
Occupation	
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19	
 Chairman         tec-Sec.
m
j
■I.(
m *CT WgBTlRW OIAtlOW, VANCOtTTOE, B. 0.
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VANCOUVER. B. C.
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SATURDAY    Au„
LIKE A HORSE IN A MILL.
■
SPECIAL NOTICE.
— ■•'■
To the Socialists of Vancouver:
Comrades. — The time was never
more' propitious for propaganda than
lt la at present. Go where you will
you will hardly find anyone Uho will
attempt to put: up on argument
against the Socialist platform and
constitution, though a few still appear to derive some satisfaction from
bickering over the short comings of
some individual who is, (or what is
more often the case, only thinks he
is) a  Socialist.
This being so, it behooves all good
Socialists in the vicinity of Vancouver,  (which may be truly called the
Cradle    of     Socialism in     Canada,
though the honor of birth-place must
always be accorded to the little City
of Nanaimo) to take a renewed    interest In the welfare of their "local"
and by making the most of the legitimate fruits of their past labor and
sacrifice,  expended at a time "when
to be known to have socialist ideas,
Waa to be looked upon as a    social
monstrosity,"   to again line up and
do some active propaganda in   conjunction with the efforts of the ear
nest workers of our sister locals, until there is not an individual- in this
broad Dominion   still   retaining    a
modicum of intelligence with   which
they were originally endowed by their
Creator, who    will have any excuse
tor    misunderstanding,  misinterpreting or misrepresenting the aims    of
tne Socialist party.
This action is even more incumbent
on the Socialists of Vancouver than
on any of the sister locals, for this
being the largest center of popula-
, tion we/st of Winnipeg, as well as being the seat of the Dominion and
Provincial Executive—for the time being at least—all eyes are directed towards us, not only in our own Dominion, but also from the sister
States oi Washington, Oregon and
California. And this being so, you
must surely agree with me, that il
would be nothing short of shameful
on our part to let any of the sister
locals existing in smaller communities, arid struggling under greater
disadvantages, out-do us in that progressive organization and propaganda, which, in the face of all kinds of
calumny and misrepresentation is
fast bringing the party to that most
high and respected position in human affairs to which it is so justly
entitled,
Owing to the allurements of nature
' at her best, as exemplified in the fins
long, evenings of the past few weeks,
and my own unavoidable absence during the same   period in search    of
sock-eye    salmon     and an appetite,
both of which I got a share of,   especially the latter, the regular meetings have been allowed   to   lapse for
She time.     But while Socialists   especially, may be excused for taking
advantage of all the legitimate    recreation which the beauties of    nature afford, they should, nevertheless
always remember    thc great mission
entrusted    to    them at this momentous period of the    world's history.
They should remember the great privilege which is theirs;   the great opportunities they may now take   advantage oi in the noble fight which
is now being waged tho  world  over,
for the dethronement of anarchy and
spoliation;  the emancipation of   the
neceaulry part of society and the regeneration of the whole human race.
,.  And they     should    remember that
with whatever seal they now    worki
the same shall be the measure of honor accruing to themselves and  their
posterity in the    very near   future,
' when the school     children   will    be
loath to believe their histories which
shall  teach that their grand-fathers,
yea, even their fathers, existed under
a noo-eensical regime of chaos, more
aei&sh, -more cruel, more treacherous
and more crafty than ever    governed the     wild beasts of the jungles ;
where men and women went   under-
clothed because they produced more
clothes than a foreign people could
be -compelled to take from their masters;     want hungry while the    food
they produced from mother earth was
decaying    in    their   master-s warehouses; worked harder because   they
invented devices for overcoming the
obstacles of nature; and what shall
appear most incomprehensible of all.
Is why four-fifths of the world should
have   stood all this for so long    a
' Dot whatever tha land owner desires to do with his land is his own
affair, his right in the era of, "sacred" private property. What does
the community und its welfare concern him? lie has to attend to himself—so clear the way. The manufacturer acts on the same principle,
when he makes obscene pictures and
immoral books, or LinilSs whole lactones lor the adulteration of loud.
These and many other employments
are .injurious to society; they undermine morality and feed corruption. But what does it matter?
There is more money to lie made
•by • them than by moral pfcluri9B,
scientific books, or thc honest sale
of unadulterated goods. The manufacturer wants to make money, and
us long as he can avoid detention by
the keen eye of the police, he may
carry on his disreputable trade in
peace, with ah sssuraace thut he will
be envied und respected by society
on account  of  the money   thus eurn-
I Nothing characterizes the Mammon
Worship of our  age  in this  direction
better     thun   the  Exchange  und    the
business carried  on  there.     The produce    of     the    .soil,   manufactures,
means uf transport, the condition of
the weather    and of     politics,  want
und superfluity,   the  destitution     oi
the mass,  accidents,     public   debts,
inventions und discoveries, the health
sickness and death of influential persons,   wars and  rumors  of wars,   often  invented solely  for this  purpose,
ull  this, and    u great deal  more     is
made  the  object  of  speculation,     of
exploitation,   of   mutual   fraud     and
extortion.     The  mat adores    of  capital here gain a decisive influence on
the well-being of the entire community,  and heap  up  enormous     riches,
thanks to their powerful connections
and    thu  pecuniary means  ut    their
disposal.    Ministers and governments
become puppets in  their hands,    and
must dance when  the wires are pulled behind the scenes.     It is not  the
State that   controls   the   Exchange,
but the Exchange that controls   the
State.     Against his  will,  the minister must water  the poison-tree that
he would rather tear up by the root.
All the things,  which daily become
more    obvious  us  the evil  increases
daily,  cry  to  heaven,  to use a com.
mon expression,   and demand a speedy and radical reform.     Hut modern
society is impotent to help; it stands
before  tbe question as   certain    animals before the mountains,  it   keeps
going  round  in  a circle  like  a horse
iu  a mill,   hopeless,   idealess,   a   picture of  wretchedness and imbecility.
Those who want to help are still too
weak,   those  who  ought  to help     do
not comprehend  the situation,   those
who  might help  will not;    they    put
their trust in force and think,  if the
worst comes to the worst,  with Madame Pompadour,  "after us the   deluge."     But what if the deluge come
in  their time?
People answer us with the exclamation: "Propose something; show
us what wc must do to be saved!"
That would be very unnecessary trouble. The best proposals we could
make would be more vehemently opposed than any others, for nothing
can be done till privileges and monopolies of all kinds are sent down to
Orcus, and this is exactly what people refuse to do, in spite of all their
fine phrases. Yes, it would be well
if we could cure a sick world with
sentiments and assurances.—Bebel.
gust 19
ELGIN or WALTHAM «fi.50
4-0Z.   SOLID  SILVERINE    CASE *KV
Dust and damp-proof, fitted with the
the best 7-jeweled ELGIN or WAL-
aiNumt *^"i***'*t£3l>~^_""L"*'' ' WfO/mm* THAM movement, stein-wind and set
DUpBBT^Bt122a^i3i^ an(1 n''""1"''1*-' GUARANTEED FOR
st**"*"!   ^m*maaaWaJa9m^ :i   YEARS.     Also   a   beautiful   chain
with each watch for the next 30 day8- A" complete, Sfi.oO. SEEING
IS BELIEVING. Cut this out and sen(i il t0 us witn .vour N""»e, Post
Office and Express Office Address, and we will send the Watch and
Chain to you for examination. It you find it as represented, pay agent
the amount and express charges, and Watch and Chain are yours. If
you wish to save paying the express charges send in the full amount, and
we will forward to you Watch and Chain by mail, all charges prepaid.
If you order C.O.D. a deposit of 50 is required as a matter of good
faith, which amount will be deducted from your bill. Order at once as
this offer may not appear again.    When writing mention this paper.
E.  WAGNER &  Co., 163 Cordova  Street, Vancouver, 6. C.
region which is now a desert, but
Which would be flourishing could the
"Nile water bo taken through it. Thus
th* river would give the irrigation
water .and also the motive power.
But this project is one which remains for the future to solve.—Scientific American.
 o	
LAST OF THE DANDIES.
A   FISH   IN   GOVERNMENT
SERVICE.
Bequeathes    His    Son  305  sets  of
False  Teeth  to  Chew   Insults.
There has just died at Yarinsk, in
Vologda, Mikhail Stepanoff (nays a
telegram from St. Petersburg), Uie
vainest man in the world. Stepanoff, although nearly 90 years of age,
was a dandy until the day of his
death. He delighted in the company
of young ladies, read all the fashion
papers sent direct to him from Paris.
Londob, Berlin and New York, and
maintained a tailor of his own, who
was employed all the year in inventing for him new creations. It was
popularly believed that the Russian
Anglesey was only half human. He
wore artificial teeth, of which he had
365 sets, and he changed the color
of his hair whenever fashion demanded it. Even his legs were made to
order, for it was one of his weaknesses to wear knee breeches, which
admirably set off a pair of shapely
calves, modelled for him by a "physical culture school" in New York,
By his will Stepanoff left the sum
of 400,000 roubles "to found a
school of physical beauty for Aged
Gentlemen." To his son, who is a
solicitor in Moscow, he bequeathed
only his collection of false teeth.
"My son has insulted me often," ran
a passage in the dead man's last
testament. "I leave him my collection of false teeth, in the hope that
they may induce him to chew his
false  words."
Stepanoff's son will attempt to'
upset the will, alleging that his father, at the time of his death, was
of unsound mind.
o	
Purser Bondall, of Iho' Australian
line strum.T Manuka, has in his possession, a curious photograph, which
was taken From the Captain's deck
of a steamer, li is a picture ol Pe-
lOTOtlB .lack, the well-known pilot-
fish thnt is so familiar to every navigator in Australasian waters. People in this country who havo not yet
heard of this funny pilot, we can
now enlighten. Ho is a white fish,
fourteen feet long, and shaped something like a slunk or porpoiis, and
is the only fish of his kind yet discovered.
I'eloroiis .Inck hns been a subject
for many Magazine writers, ns well
ns the study of wise professors, not
only for his physical peculiarities,
but nlso for the work which he performs. This notorious fish lives in
the waters in and around French
puss, which is situated north of what)
is known ns the South Island, New
Zealand.
All coastwise stenuiom uml steamers from American ports navigate
this puss on their way to New Zealand. The pass is much narrower
that the puss opening into Burrard
Inlet,   but   the  captains  are  assisted
BRIDSON'S BAK
Powell llr«|, cedar Coy,
TRY  OUR   BREAD
l'AKK(|
Cedar Cove Meat
HAMLEY, ProJ
J.  A
Fresh and
Salt Meati
in   gold    weighs    one
$602,799.21 	
ton. This is too much weight to
have in the Clarion oiiice at once.
"Kindly make remittances for subs
in bills of small denominations. We
will knock off thc 21 cents.
in finding their way through by I
loi'OUS Jack, who meets every boat
and leads the way through. He never fails to present himself in front
of a boat as it neurs the pass, and
swimming along at the surface keeps
a few feet a'head, and a little to the
left of the bow of the steamer. Some
times he gets loo close, and us a
consequence, his sides are marked
with many scars, from coming in contact with the keels of many steamers. I'eloroiis Jack has been performing this peculiar mission for
over 28 years, and during the past
fifteen years has been under the protection of the New /.'aland government, and a heavy penalty Is attached to the offence of taking a shot at
him.
The photograph owned bv Purser
Uctidall is a good one. It shows the
interested passengers lined along the
railing of the steamer, watching I'eloroiis Jack, who swims unconcernedly along, at lending to his business
as ho hns done for so  many years.
THE ASS  AND THE HEDGEHOG.
A pure and simple Ass, who had
long been floundering in a wage-
swamp, sank deeper and deeper in
the miie as his struggles became more
violent. To add to his misfortunes
a swarm of leeches, cockroaches,
grafters, decoys, and other similar
vermin, settled upon him and stung
anil plagued him grievously. An
"indiislriulj' Hedgehog, who happened
to come near, offered to drive away
lhe vermin that molested and teased
hiin in that sail manner. "Nay,
nay," cried the pure and simple Ass.
"pray let them alone. Those that
are now ii|kin me are already full
almost to bursting with my blood.
If you drive them away, a fresh
swarm of hungry rasculs will take
their places, ond 1 shall not have a
drop of blood left in my body." —
Dedicated to ex-Father Hagerty and
the rest of them, by the shade of
Esop.
 o	
The superior fighting qualities of
tho Canadian soldiers was beautifully illustrated ut Halifax rliecently,
when four members of the ltoyal Ca-
undiun regiment, got loaded with tho
military ardour which lurks in Canadian booze and went upon Ihe war-
|Mith. The military police were called Into activity, and a general mix-
up occurred. A sergeant of the police got his head split span by a
blow from a belt buckle, wielded by
one of the valorous warriors. A num-
bar of     lesser    casualties occurred. I.
Take it all  around Ihe a'Tuir  was one I IH mother of prosperity,
greatly to the credit of our gallant ls 'his known around the ll
military heroes, und brave defenders, office that evory ono Irom ihl
Long live Ihe Canadian soldier and down to the editor is trviiurl
Canadian  booze.     It  affords a   com-   the child  bv working the'.,,,..1,
bination that could whip the world. 0._ _
o  .
What  has  become of the
ation   enmity   that   was  al   Last
to exist between the Liberals!
Conservative*? Barring an
tonal pitiful squeak f,„m somJ
nificnnt rjjmny-a-llner, one u-ou'll
cy these two old political hag]
fast asleep in each other's arm!
suspicion is rapidly gaining
that their professed enniHy 1
ferenco of policy is all a Vlianl
how, just, merely put on for the]
pose of masking some ulterior!
live.
There is  a great  shorn
in Kansas.     The ,„„,,„ „mJ
complaining  because  they
enough convict  labor U)' n|).
State  twine plum.   Vancod
ployed please tnko notico
Medicine wns Introduced
from Greece, 200 yPara „ (
before that,   however,    u,,.'
mules were compelled t„ i,^,
During these many centuries,
bit  hns become so (lrtnl
them  thut   they now
dope   with   no more
than a wry face,
 —o
,\  fix)
swallon
'I lulls
An  exchntige  says,
the mother of graft.'
prospoB]
Thin il
mistake;   a   serious  mistake
ELECTRICITY IN EGYPT.
time.       ^|_
.     In conciusion I   wish to earnestly
* request all Socialists in Vancouver
: and vicinity to attend the business
-. meetings which will recommence    on
Wednesday evening, Aug. 28, and con
i, timie every Wednesday thereafter,
T and I would further request that as
• many as possible put themselves in
( good standing in the local, so that
j at the end of the month I may he
I able to make a report that we need
' not feel ashamed to publish.
Trusting that you will be prompt-
* ed to respond by a sense of that du-
1 ty   which you  owe yourselves,    your
J families, your fellow workers and
humanity in general. I have tbe honor to be.
Fraternally yours,
DAVID P. MILLS,     ,
^.Secretary Vancouver Local,  No.  1.,
vpsc^/of   ma, ^   ^   floff  gjjo
The German Consul at Alexandria
gives some information as to thc use
of electricity for various purposes in
Egypt. In Cairo we find that lighting current is generated by a station
which the gas companu controls but
the public lighting is not developed
as yet and only private lighting is
operated at present. A tramway
system is working in the city. It is
owned by a Brussels company. Alexandria is using current for private
lighting, but Cairo, has no public
system. The tramway lines ore controlled by an Egyptian company. To
connect Alexandria with its eastern
suburbs, a concession has been grant-
ted to the Alexandria and Ramleh
railway, which has lately adopted el
ectric traction on the lines. The
same English company are now opr
erating the city tramway lines.
Port Said now has an electric lighting system, which is newly installed,
hut there are no electric tramways.
At Mansourah, the public and private lighting is conceded to an English company for twenty years dated
from 1899. At Suez the concession
for tbe electric lighting in the town
and also at Port Tewlik was giveu
to H. Betys & Co. in 1902, but has
now passed into the hands of the Ismail iahElectric Company. It seems
that gas engines are to lie used to a
considerable extent in Egypt in the
future. Motive power is employed
almost exclusively for irrigation. Tha
most common type of machine is the
portable locomotive, of English construction, but it takes a great quantity of coal, and this is very expensive in a country like Egypt, lt
seams that these machines can be
very advantageously replaced by gas
egines, .which are much more economical, especially the latest forms,
which are well adapted for use here,
and consume only 1-3 pound of an
thracite coal per horse-power-hour.
Transport of force would be a great
advantage in Egypt for operating
the small irrigating machines. It
will no doubt come into use soon,
and a start has been made by a
French  engineer.       He employs  the
GREAT SUIT SALE
$25, $22, $20, $18
SUITS for	
I
Also any  pair
of Pants for..
J. OANAHER & CO. c^Grri,,eand
SOUC AGENTS FOR  "STILENFIT"   CI?TSEStree,8
Samples and blank measurements sent on a^ISon.
THE ASTUTE LION.
John Burroughs, the naturalist wus
laughing about, the story, widely published not long since, of a wild duck
that got. a salt water mussel caught
on its tongue, and had intelligence
enough to fly from the salt to the
fresh water, where it dipped the mussel sickening it through osmosis and
thus causing it to loosen its firm
grip.
"I believe that story of the duck
that understood the theory of osmosis," said Mr. Burroughs. "I believe it as implicity as I believe the
story of the crippled lion and thc
young lieutenant.
"Perhaps Jou have heard this
story?    No!   Well, then:
"A young lieutenant, during an African campaign, came one day upon
a badly crippled lion. The groat
brute limped over the tawny • sand
on three paws, holding its fourth
paw in the air. And every now and
then with a kind of groan, it would
pause and lick the injured paw pito-
ously.
''When the lion saw the young lieutenant, it came slowly towards him.
He stood his ground, rifle in hand.
But the beast meant no harm. It
drew close to him; it rubbed aguinst
him with soft feline purrs; ft extended its hurt paw.
"The lieutenant examined the paw,
ami found that there was a large
thorn in it. He extracted the thorn,
the lion roaring with pain, and he
bound up the wound with his handkerchief. Then, with every manifes.
tat ion of relief and gratitude, the,-
animal withdrew. |)j
"But it remembered its benefactor.
It was grateful.     And in a
 ™„  ~..B.„v™.        XM5  employs   uie wav it ..„..,„...i„. ,,       "" ■* Practical
engines of a   cotton factory which is ^u,1™.™"10*1 <he young man.
not  always running,   to operate  dy- list „ "l? rnn °7er the reg*nient's
»..„,.„ —.1 —j ....*?—.  . ■"■   """. J'J" "Rt of officers, and ate all who
SPECIAL  NOTICE.
The readers of the Western Clarion
are requested to take particular notice of the number upon the address
slip on tlieir paper.    A considerable
number. of  subscriptions   will  expire
during the forthcoming two months.
This holds especially true in regard
to  subs,   taken  by    Comrade   Walsh
during his trip through the Interior
during the fall of 1903.    Those who
wish to continue receiving the paper
should be careful to renew before expiration of present sub.  in order to
avoid any break in the regular issues.
It should be borne in mind that   all
names arc stricken from thc list upon
expiration  of tho number for  which
payment has   been   made.     This is
number 884,     if thnt number i.s on
your address slip your sub.  expires
with this issue.   While the publishers
of the Western  Clarion do not   beg
for subs or renewals, nor push   forward  any schemes  to  obtain   such,
they   will  take  pleasure  in forwarding to   any   address 5 yearly   sub.
cards for $3.75.    Each card will be
accepted as payment in full for one
year's   subscription   to the Western
Clariaa when returned to this office.
In commenting upon some
of the Chief of Police of that city,
the Milwaukee Social-Democratic
Herald, winds up with these words:
"The public employs the Chief of
Police, but which cluss does he
serve?"
We are not posted ns to Milwaukee, but here in Vancouver and numerous cities which we have honored
with our August presence, the public—which by the way hns been likened to a long-eared donkey—in no
sense of the word employs the |m>-
lioo force. It is employed by the
ruling clnss. through its political agencies nnd right well does it serve
its employer. All (hut somewhat indefinite thing called the public hns
to do  with  it     is to  submit   to     its
Insulting treatment and be d d.
 o ■
Does any one doubt that we aro
prosperous? If so, let him listen
and be convinced. The Steel Trust
mad.' "net earnings'* ol $80,800,000
last ruiarter—seven millions more
than in the preceding quarter, eleven millions more than in the corresponding quarter of 1904. After
setting aside six millions for depreciation, replacement and special improvements, f7,500,000 for enlarge- j
ment of plant and purchase of new
properties, and thriv millions for
general reserve, there wns still fourteen millions to lie divided among
the owners of bonds unci preferred
Stocks. Yes. indeed, we bondholders
and preferred stockholders are doing
very well, thnnk you. As for the
106,000 men who work in Hie Trust
mines, furnaces, foundries nnd mills
nnd produce nil Ihis—well they are
gelling almost ns big wuges ns they
were five years ago and doing considerably more work. Hurrah for
prosperity.—The  Worker.
 o	
As in the IHth Century the American War of Independence sounded the
tocsin for the European middle-class
so in the l'.»th century the American
civil war sounded It for thn Euro
penn working cluss. hi England the
progress of sociul  disintegration   is
palpable.        When      it   bus  reached  a
certain  point  it  must   ro-acl   on  ilu/J
continent.    There it. will take a form
more brutal 01   humane, according lo
Hie   degree       of   development   of      the
working class itself. Apart from
higher motives, therefore, their own
most important interests dictate to
(Iu- clusses that are for the nonce
the ruling ones, the removul of all
legally removable hindrances to the
free development of lhe working
class.,,.Marx,
The ruling classes, however, failing to realize this, bus.v themselves
with placing every possible obstacle
in thu way of thut "free Vleveloi-
ment." This lends to create n condition thnt will undoubtedly mark
the day of reckoning with the ruling
class, wilh inii.h of brutality at the
hands   of   its   hereditary   enemy,     the
enslaved working cluss.
We  have  received  a circular
Bcllinghum,   Wash.,  setting fort
particulars   of sonic  Hurl   of as
bis   thnt   has   occurred   herauS)
thur  Morrow     Lewis,    of I'nlifl
indulged in some adverse crltiq
to Comrade  Mrs.   Irene Smith's]
ilicntions ns 11 member of the N|
nl Committee of the Socialist
of the United  Slates.    The cots
might  ns well  sine postage l.y|
forwarding their tale? ol  w.j.'
office.     We  have moro  trouble]
our own thnn we can handle
NegligeeShii
Nat Too Early to Look
Exclusive  patterns  are now
some of the choice ones will I*
early,   and   sonio  of  thu desl|
cannot duplicate.    If you »pi«
unusual stylos it will intaraal
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tlo laartest Soft Hat ol the S«;
These Hats have been enthus]
cally received by young men
the very first dny we brought
out. Neither trouble nor e
has been saved in tlie produc
those goods, as you will cli.
acknowledge  upon examinst
KILROY,  MORGAN CO,
IW Cordova Street
S. T. WALLACE'S
Cash Grocery Stc
We also carry a full line of
ture,   on  easy   payments,   at
that  cannot   bo   duplicated,
inspect our stock.
Cor Weilnifltter Ave and Karris 3
VANCOUVER, II. t).
Workingmen Are Always Welcos
New Fountain Hote
0. SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents por night.
ICooms fl.50 per week and up|
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver,
nainos end send current .for working 1 t n),
electric pumps to carry out the irrigation. On one plantation a Sio-
mens-Schuckert electric, plant gives
power for motors. Prince PJemil
Tussum has also adopted a Herman
electric station on his property fo
the same purpose. It will be remembered that, the gates of the celebrated Asswam dam are operated by
Siemens-Hchuckert electric motors.
There is some question of using   the
 _..  „..„ were
lieutenant's superior in rank.
Thus, in a few weeks, the young man,
thanks to the astute animal, became
a colonel."
SMALL DEBTS COURT.
The Dog sued the Sheep for a debt-
the Kite and the Wolf were the
judges, and the Fox and the Vulture
gave evidence.     Judgment was given
I
*..t..u   u oviiiid   tjiii-n(iou   01   using     UIO I in    «-.,--   „«   41. ,   ,",,„  a-""
cataracts of the Nile as a source of coJf^ ~ plai»"fl'. *nd    **t,
hydraulic    power   to   operate plants Tl'/l!11'?.? of witnesses were
|and distribute current...jfi***£t' *|g4S^^S^.°f the.*»".
v t
Burns & Co. |
HARDWARE and
Second Hand Dealers.
largest, and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom   Chains,    Augers,   Loggers'  Jacks, Etc. ,
We have moved into our new
and  commodious  premises :
138 Cordova St., East
Wom 1570       Vsftcoivsr, B. G.
IN
WATCH
REPAIRING
GRRAT OARE IS EXKRCISED, AS
WE ENTRUST THE REPAIR TO
EXPERIENCED WORKMEN ONLY.
AND NOT TO AVPRENTICES OR
AMATEURS.
SPROTT & Co.
THE ARCADE JEWELRY STORE.
m.
COOL KITCHENS
The™:tT;i.sc,;"rr.wca^eriH ™* •••*■••* to H,r"'M1
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VANCOUVER GAS Co Ltd *n*iB.c.Eioeine«
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