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The Western Clarion Apr 1, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
This f
; 314.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, April i, 1905.
subscription Price  £■ am
Pbk Yea*
Laloit Triumph ia Mochaakal Eaiintiritg and Its Litton
To  no one is the development    of
mechanical factors of modern inks! ry   of  more    absorbing    interest
|an  to  the Socialist.      Every    ad-
Incemcnt  made he  recognizes as   a
ep  that   brings  the  race nearer  to
time when man  shall have com-
etely  "harnessed  the forces of na-
re  to  do his    bidding and  be  his
and  the consequent position'
the human slave will be rendered
untenable, ns to compel mankind
(.hear self defence to strike down
present system of property which
Hkc.s   of   the  machinery    of    wealth
Eduction  un  instrument  of  exploi-
tion   und   torture   to  the  workers,
convert    this  giant  of   steam,
pci   nnd  electricity,   into    what   it
jiild be,  the tool,  the servant,  the
ivc  of  human  society   to   lift  the
■ den of toil from human ^holders,
uiouiiig   that   the  growing   power
modern machinery brings us near-
the  day   of  labor's  emancipation
km the thralldom of the ages,  the
cialist hails  with  joy  the advent
)n  the stage of events of any ap-
|unce or method  that adds to hu-
m power in the held of industrial
Movement,  and deprecates   all   ef-
ft to forestall progress by clinging
clumsy,    worn-out    and  obsolete
)ls or methods.
Inch  interest hus of late centered
jund the adoption of the steam   tur
■e  in  place of  the old type of en-
|e.     Its adoption  in  marine prac-
shows many advantages over its
|decessor,   the   reciprocating    type
engine.     The summing up of    all
iantages  guitied   b.v   the  adoption
a   new   type   of   machine  in  place
in old one resolves itself merely
a Having oi human labor.    That
^.li'to say,  that by means of the new
Mrthnii'   the   same   result   can   be   ob-
»ed with a less expenditure of hu-
labor power measured b.v  time,
fin  commonly     expressed    us    the
tic  output  at   lees  cost.     This  is
motive    thut    lies    behind    and
ImptB the introduction of improv-
appliances and  methods  into   the
SCOBS of wealth production.    As an
iicatioii   of   the   remarkable   stride
jng  made  in   the  field  of  industry
the  supplanting  of   the  old  recipient ing  engine  by   the steam  turtle,   and   to  realize   its  significance
the  workers,  a careful perusal of
following from  the Los Angeles
lines will be found invaluable.   Tbe
iiili'r   should   not   be  content    with
brely  noting   the smull  number    of
tn  required  to  operate  this giant,
It  should  trace up the effect upon
r workingmen us a result of its
production and operation.    The use
oil   us  fuel   und   which    is   trans-
rted  by means of pipe lines,   will
set the coal miner and the railway
}ploye.     Its   smaller   cost   because
I its simplicity of construction, and
greater durability  Owing  to  ab-
ice of reciprocating parts, will uf-
It the workers in the iron and steel
lustries from  the poorest paid la-
|rer at mine or furnace to the high-
skilled  mechanic.      And   through
of these it will reach out to and
uch upon thu daily life of all  the
llunce  of  the great  working class,
workinginun  should  delude  him-
|i   into  believing  that the dispous-
with  the services of  workers   in
■uc other occupation is no concern
; his.    All industries aru linked to-
ther  into  one  great  process,    and
labor of all workers is fused in
one tot ul output.    Herded togelh-
, us it were, in one common labor
irket,   the  individual   laborer   who
not  directly hit  by any industrial
novation,   in   the  consequent  read-
stment  of  things finds  in common
Ith his fellows  that his tenure of
pploymont     is   becoming more  In-
cure,   und  his  power   to  command
it   "living  wage,"   which  has  ap-
ired   to   him  as   the   "be-all   and
-all," is becoming less.
In number 3 station of the Edison
(ectric Company's works, corner of
kst  Main  and  Italy  streets,    East
[>s  Angeles,   there may  be seen   in
cration  the only  two  steam  turtles on the Pacific coast.    The ra-
advancemeut  made  by   the turtle form of engine is the most im-
Jrtant of recent developments in the
imrtment   of  mechanical    engineer-
The turbine is steadily replac-
tho old reciprocating engine   in
countries,  nnd  virtually  for  all
«.     Ocean  greyhounds  and   navy
nisers aro being equipped with   it,
up-to-date   workshops   making
installations  of    machinery    all
|t invariably adopt the innovation.
Tho Turbine's Superiority.
The advantages of  the steam  turtle may be summed up as follows:
(lr The power acts continually
and not by a succession of impulses.
(2) There is greater economy of
fuel, und increased eflkciency of power; that is, more horse power is obtained from each gallon of oil or
pound of coal consumed.
(3) A grcut multitude of working
parts are eliminated, and friction is
virtually got rid of; the machine revolves on a cushion of water; there
are no crank pins to get hot, no
boxes to break, no cylinders to wear
(4) The turbine costs 30 per cent,
less than a reciprocalln- engine of
corresponding horse power; the ex.
pense of operating it, as regards thu
lubor required, is four times as
small; the floor space occupied is
only one-sixth of that taken up by
the other engine.
Other points of superiority could
be enumerated, but the above will
sulti.ee for the non-technical reader.
Now let me attempt a simple de-;
script ion of the steam turbine as we
see it at the Edison works. It is a
compact piece of machinery, circular
in shape, standing seventeen feet
high, with a diameter of eleven feet.
The outer shell is a steel cylinder.
Within this revolves the turbine proper, a huge bowl of steel, ten feet,
six inches at its greatest diameter,
and weighing forty tons. The end
of the central shaft, on which the
bowl is' pivoted, rests upon a cushion
of water kept under a pressure of
600 pounds to the square inch. No
lubricant, is required; when the power is turned on, the turbine spins on
the water; it touches nothing but
the supporting water cushion.; It is,
indeed, simply the humming top with
which every child is familiar—on a
gigantic  scale.
Friction   Virtually  Eliminated.
To illustrate the almost complete
freedom from friction, it may be
mentioned that when the turbine is
at rest* the pull of a man's arm can
move its forty-ton weight. After the
turbine has been set spinning at full
speed around its own axis, let the
power be cut olf, yet it will continue
to revolve for one hour and twenty
minutes. To stop this most ideal of
spinning tops a special device has to
be employed, artificial water resist-
ence being thrown on to shut down
the speed, just as a brake is applied
to a revolving wheel.
Starting the Turbine.
Next, for the method of setting the
turbine in motion. It has on its
outer rim a large number of protruding blades—the four sections of the
circle having an average each of 300
blades. The steam is admitted so
that it strikes with its full expanding force against the first set of
these blades, its velocity at this
point of impact being estimated at
22,000 feet, approximately four miles
a minute. The blow on the blades,
although ever so many times more
forcible, is precisely the same as the
blow of water descending upon a water wheel. The steam passes on its
course, striking in turn the blades
on each section of the circle with, of
course, a diminishing velocity each
time. We have here mechanically
reproduced, the action of u boy with
one of the old-fashioned whip-tops,
lashing it up so as to make it spin
quicker and quicker. When once the
machine is up to full speed, it revolves round its own center, requiring now only a little continuous
power to keep it going. Overhead is
the governor, that admits or shuts
off the steam automatically, supplying just the exact amount required
to keep the speed continuously and
absolutely uniform.
The Dynamo Attached.
We have now our motor at work.
The power has next to be transferred to the dynamo. The method is
simplicity itself, as compared with
the old device of belting. Keyed to
the pivotal shaft of the turbine is
the dynamo, so that turbine and
dynamo really form a double-decked
top. As one spins, so does the other; they are part and parrel of the
same mass, and both are snugly encased within the same shell, the encompassing cylinder of steel.
No  Sound—Almost no Vibration.
On a raised platform above we may
take our stand. Protecting gratings
close the downward view, but the
gentlest possible vibration tells us
that benealh our feet the gigantic
double-top is spinning noiselessly.
The familiar din of throbbing engines is here absent. We can talk
in ii whisper. Yet beneath our feet
the tremendous force of 5,000 horse
power is being developed, and 2,400
volts of electricity are being generated. Turbine and dynamo are revolving at a speed of 750 revolutions
per minute. As the outer circumference of the turbine is thirty.four feet
six inches, this represents a speed at
the periphery of 25,875 feet per minute. And yet, spinning on its cushion of water, the ponderous 40-ton
top causes less vibration than we
feel in a room when a trolley car
goes trundling past our home. Surely this is man's crowning triumph of
mechanical   ingenuity!
Labor Economy.
The Edison Company has two of
these mighty turbines at Station 3.
One engineer can attend to both,
with   all   their   auxiliaries.     At   the
switchboard there is one other man,
directing the current generated into
the proper wire conduits that distribute it all over the city. Just
beyond the engine room is a nest of
eight boilers, burning oil fuel, automatically fed. These boilers are capable of developing 10,000 horsepower. One man only is required to
attend to the whole double row df
fires, the feed water, nnd all the auxiliaries, such its the oil pumps that
bring the fuel from the reservoir outside und spray it into the furnaces.
There are no dust and ashes, no
clinkers to wheel away; the boiler
house floor is just as clean as the
deck of a warship. And only one
man treads the deck, but in no way
rushed by his work of feeding the
steam   to   the  silently   spinning  tur
bines just beyond the brick partition
Three Men  All Told.
So we have just three men on duty
in the entire building—fireman, engine tender and switch operator!
This is assuredly the economy of
labor reduced to the finest point of
perfection. Most of us will have no
difficulty in retailing the donkey engine in the old home town that required the services of three men and
u boy—greasy, grimy, perspiring
specimens of humanity—to extract
from its groaning iron carcass a
miserable 20 horse power. And now
the world has a spinning top that
can give us 250 times that power,
and with less human energy necessary to supervise its development.
The contrast  hns its poetry.
To the Socialists of all Countries:
Comrades,—The proletariat of Russian-Poland has declared war against
the bloodthirsty Tsardom. When tho
Committees of the Polish Socialist
party gave the word all industrial
activity broke off in Warsaw, the
capital of Poland. From the largest
factories to the smallest workshops,
every one went on strike. The whole
economic life of this town of little
less than a million inhabitants stopped; the newspapers ceased to appear, and the schools closed, the
scholars joining the workmen. The
town of Lodz followed the example
of Warsaw, and in the Lodz district
150.000 workmen placed themselves
on the side of their fellow workers
in Wursaw. Within a few days the
whole working class of the large and
small towns of Poland entered the
strike in order to protest against the
tyranny of the Tsardom, against national and economic oppression. A!J
the mines and iron foundries of the
coal district of Domhrowa and Sos-
nowiec were at n standstill; in the
enormous factories of Czenstochowa
and Zawiereie all work stopped; the
general strike extended to the smallest industrial centres ot Poland,
reaching even isolated sugar factories in rural districts. The whole industrial proletariat of Poland, nearly a million of people, entered unanimously into the struggle, demanding complete national freedom, a
Democratic Parliament, of their own
in Warsaw, nnd lahor rights. The
twelve years' work of the Socialist
party has not been in vain. The
working people of Poland are today
consciously Socialistic in their aims.
and they made use of the desperate
situation of the autocracy to demand
their rights. But our enemy is still
too strong to he destroyed at one
blow. For its defence it keeps in our
country hundreds of thousands of foreign  soldiers;  and now  the blood  of
workingmen flows in streams. In
Warsaw alone over a hundred persons
have been killed. The Capital of
Poland was given over to the infuriated soldiery, anil to the "Hooligans," who were onCouraced by the
government to murder and pillage.
Still, in the streets of Warsaw workmen are shot by soldiers, and Russian officers take an active part in
looting. Also from Lodz there now
comes news of encounters between
the workmen and the savage soldiery.
A great historic tragedy is being
played In the towns and industrial
centres of Poland: the army of the
future, the army of the Socialist
proletariat, is fighting against the
dark forces of a ferocious barbarism,
which would keep onr country in perpetual   servitude.
Comrades! This struggle which is
being carried on at present by the
Polish Proletariat is a Struggle for
your freedom us well as for ours; it
is directed against the most dangerous enemy of the thinking proletariat of all democratic Europe. The
blood of Polish workmen, which flows
so freely in the streets of Warsaw,
flows also for your cause. Therefore,
we appeal to you. Comrades, come
to the help of the victims of this
great movement: make it possible for
us to continue our stnigcle with the
autocracy. Never was it so necessary
as nt the present moment to prove
by actual help the international solidarity  of  the  proletariat.
For  the    Committee of the Polish
Socialist  Party,
Popular California Aathor Shocks "Sauioty" by Bint Smmi Tratka
So Jack London has been giving the revolution you are prophesying.
society nnd the newspapers ' some- .National upheaval—" the millionaire
Uuiig more to clamor ubout.      Dear,] began  again.
All subscript ions for the Revolutionary Movement in Busman-Poland
to be sent  'o the following address:
Me-nber of ll"e  Austrian  Parliament,
Cracow ,  Austrian-Poland.
One of the most complete black- j their mastery and absolutely un-
listing of men because of their poll- scrupulous as to the means used to
tical opinions, is just now being i hold on to it. Present civilization is
worked out in the Dunsmuir coal ! aH truly a slave civilization as any
mines at. Ladysmith, B. C. It is well ( tnat. preceded it. It goes without
known that the Dunsmuir outfit were , saying that the present masters of
not at all pleased wilh the action of; Wage slaves will be just as merciless
the workers who, at the last pro-; and unscrupulous in dealing with
vincia)  election  asserted   their   man-j their slaves as were the chattel slave
hood as against the brutal rule of
capital by electing Parker Williams,
the Socialist candidate, to the Provincial House. Plans had been laid
prior to the election to ward olf the
danger of such a dire calamity from
the Dunsmuirian point of view, but
these plans failed because the Provincial House went to pieces before
they could be fully carried out. The
plans were not abandoned, however,
because of this mishap. A tireless
and persistent persecution has been
continually carried on against the
men in that silent nnd insidious way
peculiar to tho beast that depends
upon the exercise of cunning to obtain its food. By the use of those
slimy, crawling reptiles within the
ranks of the workers, whose snakelike qualities only a slave market
could bring forth, so complete an espionage of the decent workingmen
has been kept that the political opinions or  leanings,  of each  one has
masters or feudal lords of the olden
time. .Inst as the efforts of their
predecessors eventually failed to hold
their slaves in leash, so will tho efforts of the present master class in
the end fail. Their efforts are even
now becoming more futile in the
same ratio that they become more
frantic for the workers are each day
attaining to a better realization of
their slavish position, and awakening
to a consciousness of the power to
break their chains.
The acts of the Dunsmuir type of
capitalists are to be commended, for
they surely hasten tho awakening.
Success may in the Ladysmith instance attend the efforts to the extent of defeating the Socialist at the
next election. Small comfort to the
ruling class in this however. The
men driven from Ladysmith will
carry their political ideas with them
only to scatter them as seed in quarters perchance yet unaffected.    Under
Dear! 'this time it. is not tlie author's antipathy to a dress-suit,
hitherto his most heinous olfence,
serious in bourgeois eyes, however.
It is Socialism, .luck London has
been lecturing on Socialism ut Stockton and ul bun Jose uiid'uveii within
tho sacred precincts of the State University  itself.
The first ripple, and it wus only a
ripple, was caused by ihe Hun Jose
lecture when Jlr. LunUon not only
called spades spades, but explalnuu
that they were meant to uig dirt
with. -Now some of thu spades which
he culled were instruments of social
und capitalistic manufacture. Society , Which has persistently attempted
to lionize California's one literary
genius, who has us persistently failed
lo see thai liouization is a part of
the whole duly of genius, society
smiled a strained corner-wise smile
und said: "It's his hobby, you know.
dust, a little extreme, of course; but
he is young und so original, you
know. Have you read "The Sei
Society didn't say, "Have you read
"The People of Uie Abyss?," the one
Socialistic book that Jack Lonuon
has written. Because Society itself
nus not read il, or it would understand its pet lion better than it
docs. In some respects "The People
of the Abyss ' is Uie greatest thing
•among the several great things that
.Jack London has done. It tells a
lulu of heroism and brotherly love—
of a man's tenderness for his sitferittg
urethren und his courage in sharing
the loathsome conditions of their
lives thut  he might   know of a truth
"how Ihe other half lives." In short
it is u personal record of Jack London's life in the East End of London, where he sank himself and his
identity fur a season in the yeur
19(12, living, laboring, starving,
tramping the streets by night and
day, one oi the pitiful horde of London's poor. Alter that experience the
writer of vivid Klondike tales dashed
olf "The People of the Abyss" from
a pen aflame. This did not interest
Fiction is Jack London's bread
and boned herring; Socialism is his
religion.   This has not come home to
the Society which brews pink teas
for him until recently. And now Society is not pleased with Jack London.
Following close upou the San Jose
disturbance Jack London was invited lo lecture al Berkeley. " Talk
about anything you like, anything
you like," said President Wheeler
benevolently. Behind Jack London
sat fifty of the faculty; before him
.-.ut ti.UUU students. "Talk ubuul anything you like," had said the president., and there in the sacred shadow
of the aged man's white locks Jack
Loudon tossed buck his yellow mane
und talked revolution. For twenty-
live minutes he talked Revolution
with the spell-bound students before
him und the frozen faculty behind
him. Then, as per schedule, the Glee
Club began lo sing, but nobody noticed it. Two of the faculty were on
their feet botti screaming at Jack
l.oiulofi at once; the students were
cheering and the President gave up
the Hopeless attempt lo quell the disturbance. The nexi day all the Socialist books in Berkeley passed from
the bookstores and libraries of the
town between the portals of the university. Garbled accounts of "anarchistic  principles"   found     their  way
"I know it," said London. "But
what ure you going to do about il?
flow are you going to stop it?"
...Now, a young man who takes the
ills of the poor aud the oppression
fti tho laborer us seriously as all
itiut is u dangerous person to have
ut pink teas, lie might impress his
outlandish views of human equality
unu hutuuu j'ighis und onrushing destiny on the suns und daughters of the
wealthy fanlilies lie visits; and how
terrible it would be for Society,
should those sons and daughters act
on such revolutionary principles,
helping to ease Uie poor man's burden instead of buying automobiles
and Paris frocks. And so Society,
linuiiig out that Jack London's Socialism is not a pose (as it has hitherto hoped; has ceased tu respect
him. tt may even cease to beg bis
'ihe riddle Is: How much will Jack
London care?
Read "The People of the Abyss,"
and you'll find uie auswer to the
riddle.—Los Angeles Examiner.
The municipal campaign in the city
of Chicago which is now on, is being
pushed with the usual vigor by the
Socialist comrades of that city. The
meetings being held are attended by
large crowds ol workingmen, who
eagerly drink in tho doctrine of
working class emancipation. A systematic and thorough distribution of
leaflets aud other campaign printed
matter has been organized, and thousands of city voters will thus have
their attention culled to the real issue thut lies behind the political activity of the sons of toil.
No other political movement can
call forth the energy and activity of
its following as can that of the
working class, because none other is
the expression of a principle the application of which to the life of nations is essential tu the further advancement of tbe race along the
pathway of progress. It is cheering
to note the increasing signs of
activity all along the line. The
class struggle is now on. Henceforth
the din of battle will become louder,
heralding the speedy approach of tbe
day when peace shall be declared by
triumphant labor. Press on the fight,
been made known to the master. The the efficient nourishment afforded by
process of weeding them out is now j the economic pressure of capitalist
well under way. About 300 have Si* property n plentiful crop is assured.
ready been disposed of and it is es- Thus while one capitalist, concern
tliimted by -some of the victims that j fancies itself to have shunned Scylla
there are probably 100 more to foi-{another frumps into Charybdis.
low before the job is completed, and      jf we mistake not the signs of the
the road cleared for the return of a
member to the next Provincial House
more suitable to the Dunsmuir dynasty.
Among the men thus driven out are
many of the oldest and best miners
on the island, some of whom have
worked for the Dunsmuir dynasty for
years. Against the power vested in
the coal company because of its ownership of the means upon which their
very existence depends, they must
light out for fresh fields and pastures
new once their political belief runs
counter  to  that of their/ master.
When Daniel Webster, mote than
half a century ago, said upon the
floor of the United States Congress,
that "he who controls your bread,
controls your ballot," ho was not so
very far wrong.
If further evidence he required to
prove that they who nre forced to
work for wages in order to exist aro
slaves, surely our friends, the capitalists, may bn depended upon to furnish it. Every move they make in
either the field of Industry or politics show them to be conscious    of
times there is n day of reckoning for
the whole bunch in the very near
Toronto, March 25.—in their presentment to the general sessions today, the Grand Jury say: "We
strongly approve of 'spanking' for
drunkenness after the first offence.
We would suggest 'spanking' without
incarceration, and without the option of a fine. Every other sentence
should include 'spanking.'—News
It. may be readi.y seen that
"spunking" would at the same time
destroy the appetite for drink, as
well as the profit that prompts its
manufacture and its sale. Happy
thought, upon the part of the Grand
Jury. Seems queer that no one ever
thought of it before.
Let the "spanking" go on by all
means. Let it be done by an official
appointed by the party in power in
payment of election debts, and to
make the ceremony duly dignified,
solemn und impressive, let him wear
a red wig and a blue Mother-Hub-
mto the papers and Society and the'bard, and the spanks be administered
powers thut  be were very much   an-| to  the  air  of  the  National Anthem,
while all stand uncovered, excepting
I of course, thu culprit. In justice to
the "spunkce," however, care should
be taken to administer the spanks
only to such parts of his anatomy as
have been duly and properly designated by law.
There is prospect, of trouble between the carpenters nnd their employers in Montreal. The local union has made a demand for an increase from 22t to .'(0 cents per hour.
The contractors nre inclined to refuse
to grant the increase. The daily
press in referring to the matter does
so under the headlines: "Uncertainty
of Montreal Labor Market Retards
Building Operations," thus admitting the commodity character of the
article sold therein, i.e., lnbor power. And yet' there are hosts of workingmen who do not as yet recognize
it. The supreme task of the hour is
to compel them to se it, to recognize
it, and to net accordingly.
At the recent municipal election in
Oakland, California, Jack London,
the canilidnte of the Socialist Party,
received 913 votes, being an Increase
of 604 over the vote cast for Robert
Vincent in 1903.
uoyed at Jack London. As tho culprit, didn't seem to mind, Society
scolded the President—which was un-
fuir. Then all things being ready
•lurk London wont north on his
yacht. And Society decided to forgive and forget its young lion who
would doubtless return in saner mind
after the sea breezes bad blown the
Socialistic cobwebs from his bruins.
Bui Jack London put in ut Stockton between roomonts of writing a
new novel nnd give u little talk on
Socialism. And now perhaps Society
will brew no more pink leas for the
Culiforniun author: for in that little
talk Jack London culled Society,
over-fed, plush-bound Society, names
—such names! One of his fiery charges was:
"Vou aro drones that cluster
around tlie capitalistic honey-vats,
You are ignoramuses. Your fatuous
self-sufficiency blinds you to the revolution   thut   is  surely,   surely  com
ing, und Which will us surely wipe' corporation's big smelter in this city
you and your silk-lined, pulfed-up is at present earning its owners the
leisure oil the face of the map. You- tidy little sum of $100,000 per
are parasites on the back of labor."   month, which amount will be consid-
A few other well chosen and graph-  erubly  increased when  the two addi-
siiiii 11 wonder the smelter interests
of the province went into tbe "jiru
jams'' for fear of the passage of
Httwtliornthwaitc's eight-hour smelter bill recently. Had it passed they
would at once have been plunged over
the precipice into hopeless bankruptcy as the following from the
Orand Forks Evening Sun conclusively shows:
"As The Sun has previously remarked, British Columbia ia not a
(ie-;( itnt. country, so far as the
Boundary smelters are concerned, or
in any other respect. Jay P. Graves
general manager of the Granby Company,  has  just announced  that  that
ie rcmurks followed. There was a
tern lie uproar. The "drones" and
the "parasites" and the "ignoramuses" cried aloud in their wrath.
They arose on their 26-Cont seats
("for the benefit of the Socialist
cause") und hurled epithets at the
"Do you know what will bo the
result, of your revolution?" one millionaire sugar king shouted.
"It's not, MY revolution." London
broke in. "It is YOURS I Yes,
yours nnd your kind's. YOU are the
cause of it!"
"Anarchy! Pivil War! Death and
crime!    These  will  be  the  results of
tionul large furnaces are added to the
battery, increasing the capacity of
the works by 35 |>er cent. These
earnings ore at the rate of almost
10 per cent, on the total capitalization of $18,600,000'of the company.
but is a much higher percentage, of
course, on the cupital actually invested. At this rater of progress tho
company will soon be able to give
its employees a working day of eight
hours instead of twelve, without any
danger of bankrupting the stockholders, which fear was so apparent a
month or so ago." #
What   a  narrow escape from Bankruptcy and Ruin I
He Westom Clarion
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the Working Class alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B. C.
Yearly subscription  cards In  lota
five or more. 76 cents each.
Advertising rates on application.
It  yon   receive  this  paper  It   is  paid
JUilisse all eommunlcatloos to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch the label on your paper
If this number is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
April   1,   1905
Everybody's Magazine is attaining
no inconsiderable notoriety as a vehicular medium through which the
anguish gnawing at the heartstrings
of the lesser capitalists, because of
their inability to cope with the
greater ones, is brought to the sensitive tympanum of a sympathetic
public. The harrowing tale of a
Lawson, wbo it appears was confessedly beaten at his own game by the
giants of tbe capitalist world oJIorded
an excellent starter along this pathway of notoriety, and, if we are correctly informed, caused numerous
shekels to hie themselves into "Everybody's" pocket. This fortunate
striking of an excellent paystreak
ia being zealously followed up by
further explorations along the same
mother lode, which promise to pan
out equally as well, if not better,
than the original discovery or strike.
In the current number under caption, "The Greatest Trust in the
world," Charles Edward Russell vividly pictures the woes of the lesser
capitalists in their frantic and futile
struggle to retain in their own hands
other than mere fragments of the
hide of the workers, which is stripped from their backs under the process of capitalist production.
Tho "trust" referred to is that
commonly known as the "Beef
Trust," and the particular phase of
its iniquity which Mr. Russell exposes is that practiced by means of
its refrigerator car lines. It seems
the "trust" owns und operates fully
40,000 refrigerator cars, and in addition to its enormous amount of
meats and kindred products, it dues
an immense business in fruits, vegetables, dairy products, eggs, etc.
With its large capital, powerful car
line and the wide-spread ramifications of its distributive facilities, it
is enabled to make life a burden to
the smaller concerns engaged in the
same lines. It is even asserted by
Mr. Russell that it has succeeded in
holding up great railway lines, a
feat usually supposed to be impossible. Should a railroad manifest a
disposition to refuse it satisfactory
terms, the mere threat of transferring its business to other lines would
bring the obstreperous road to its
knees. In the opinion of Mr. Russell it was really very wicked of the
"trust" to take such advantage of
harmless and well-meaning railroad
companies, with which we heartily
agree.' But it went still further in
itp iniquity by actually compelling
the poor helpless railroads to charge
the same extortionate rates to ship-
pero for shipments made in the mil-
roads' own cars, as the "trust" imposed for the use of "trust" cars.
The "trust" imposed exhorbitant
rates for the icing of shipments en
route, which in itself was enough to
make the self-sacrificing and conscientious little merchant and commission
man sweat great drops of blood. As
iniquitous as all this may appear,
still worse is chronicled.
By means of the transportation facilities afforded by its enormous refrigerator car line, and the power to
dictate favorable rates from the railroads, it also forced the roads to
act as a sort of intelligence bureau
for the purpose of keeping it posted
as to the movement or proposed
movement of any carload lots in its
line owned by other shippers. Were
a carload of "spuds' ' shipped to
somo New England town, for instance, by some enterprising shipper
who had discovered that a shortage
existed there, somehow or other a
carload belonging to the "trust"
would get there first, the shortage
be supplied, and the enterprising
Shipper would have his trouble for
his pains. Were a car of grapes
headed for some New Jersey town in
order to supply a crying need for
this lucious fruit, it would be found
upon arrival that the need had been
supplied by the fortunate arrival of
a "trust" car, and the stock of the
later arrival would rot in the warehouse. A particularly flagrant case
is recounted b.v Mr. Russell, where
the "trust," fighting for control of
the Buffalo fruit market, "forestalled
every shipment made to its competitors, and to glut the market went
about the city peddling its goods.
These manoeuvres naturally put competitors everywhere at a hopeless
disadvantage. It is impossible to
contend against a rival that knows
in advance every move you will make
nnd is able to nullify it." Mr. Rus-
sel, however, forgot to state whether
the "trust" in this instance was able
to "nullify" the moves of its competitors by selling dearer or cheaper
than  they.
It is indeed a woeful tale, and sufficiently pathetic withal to almost
draw tears from the sightless eyes of
a graven image. To actually realize
that this wicked "trust" "refrigerates" $72,000 per day profit by
means of its car line operations, that
by all the cations of small-fry reckoning might to go into the hungry
pockets of its competitors, is something awful to contemplate. How
anyone can tell the harrowing tale;
can picture the dark iniquity of this
wicked "trust" in thus outraging the
time-honored traditions of cockroach gamblers in the products of
labor; can paint in lurid language
the awful anguish nnd heartburnings
suffered by the victims of such outrage, and in the very next breath,
as it were, wax'facetious, pusscth all
understanding . The qualifications
necessary to the successful portrayal
of tragedy and comedy are seldom
wrapped up in the same personality.
That Mr. P.ussclt, however possesses
these qualities in au eminent degree
the following will show.
Who furnishes these great profits?
Not the commission merchant. His
protests against the Bandit 01 Commerce (the trust's refrigerator line;
are largely disinterested. It makes
no difference to bis pocketbook.
Whatever may be the extortions of
the trust, he merely charges them
up to the shipper's account. If, as
often happens, the icing charges
and the freight rate together equal
thu whole value of the shipment and
leave the shipper nothing, that is no
actual concern of the merchant. Ho
loads the tribute upon the shipper,
and the shipper loads il upon the
producer, and the producer loads it
upon you, and you pay it—good, easy
man—three  times a day."
To be thus tumbled from the height
of solemn contemplation of awful
tragedy to the level of rip-roaring
farce-comedy is too sudden to be
palatable. To be roused D* a well-
told tale of wrong, to the point of
drawing your trusty blade, leaving
the scabbard at home, and go forth
to do military stunts on behalf of
the wronged, only to find yourself
deceived by the art of the cunning
comedian, is indeed enough to shatter the nerves.
The anguish squawk put up by Mr.
Russell upon behalf of the small merchants, shippers, commission men,
etc., has not been prompted b.v any
feeling of concern for themselves. It
has been put up because of their
abiding concern for "you." They can
easily take cure of themselves by
each in turn loading the "tribute"
upon the next link below in the chain
that leads to tho producer. How
disinterested these worthies are, to
bo sure. •
Presumably by "you"—"good, easy
muii"—is meant the consumers of the
s.icculent steak, the juicy fruit, the
satisfying spud and the tasty dairy
product, or at least that portion of
them who eat "three times a day."
Those who eat twice, once, or even
less ure only entitled to partial consideration, to say the least. After
tracing the "load" to the producer,
Mr. Russell evidently has that worthy saddle it off on "you," the consumer. This is the richest piece of
humor yet. How the producer stands
in u position to saddle it on to any
body is a mystery to everyone evidently, except Mr. Russell. As the
producer stands in a position where
he cannot escape it, it appears to us
who are from Missouri that he must
perforce pack the whole load. The
banditti lining the road between
hitns"lf anil the consumer will very
well  sen that  he does  it.
In the great gamble in the products
A lubor, the advantage lies against
the small business fraternity. The
big capitalists hnve the cards slacked, the dice loaded, and control all
the effective thimble-rigging paraphernalia of the game. This is embodied in their huge equipment or
capital, against which smaller equipment  or capital cannot stand.
That, which is voiced b.v the Law-
sons, Itussells, and others, is but the
death-rattle in the throat of small
capital, ns its wind is being choked
olT by the hnnd of big capital. Rather tlinn waste time in sympathizing with it. it were better for the
producers to prepare to jubilate at
its obsequies. The sooner small capital is snuffed out, the sooner will
the way lie made clear for the producer  to deal  with  its big survivor.
was a gigantic stride in this direction, and was no doubt prompted by
tho rnpidlv rnrronsfntr unrest and discontent mnnifestin? itself among the
workers. This bill makes evory American citizen between certain ages
subject to the call of the President
lor military service. That this is to
be followed by the respective states,
and the same power to be vested in
the governor to be used for repressive purposes within the state is indicated b.v recent happenings in the
Nevada legislature.
"Senator Lord, of Storey county,
introduced the most important measure of the session in the legislature
at Carson today. It practically
makes every citizen of the state a
member of the militia, placing him
at the command of the governor.
The law provides that the governor
shall, when occasion requires, make
his wants known to the clerk of each
county, who will draft the required
number of men for service. The bill
from present indications will meet
with  .strenuous opposition."
The above from the San Francisco
examiner tells the story. In order
to be able to deal in drastic fashion
with its recalcitrant wage slaves,
every citizen whether wage slave or
otherwise is to lie subject to the
governor's orders. With what wisdom und judgment, such power is
likely to be exercised has already
been demonstrated in Colorado and
other states. These rapid moves
towards military rule should with
equal rapidity dissolve the dream of
democracy that has for so long acted
as a soporific to the brain of the
American people. The workingmen
of the Republic must awaken to a
realization of the fact that democracy can be but a dream under tho
stern reality of class rule. If the
dream of democracy is ever crystaliz-
ed into a lact. it will be at the cost
of the complete overthrow of the
brutal rule and unbridled license ol
The proposed Nevada measure may
meet with "strenuous opposition" as
the Examiner suggests. It ought to
meet with such opposition not only
n advance of its passage but afterwards,  in case it should go through.
If the workers of Nevada respond
to the governor's call in case the bill
becomes law, they will prove themselves contemptible and spineless curs
worthy of any fate that capitalist
rule may see fit to bestow upon
them. Many of the vicious tendencies of capitalist rule could be curbed
if the victims of it were less prone
to harbor a superstitious reverence
for its legislative decrees.
tween tho rich and the poor is continually widening.
To solve the unemployed problem
and do away with the poverty and
suffering consequent to It, requires
drastic action upon the part of government. The present need of the
country is an infusion of stalwart,
revolutionary, class-conscious Socialists into the hnlls of legislation, who
as representatives of the subject class
would frame enactments nuite in contradistinction to those framed by
the present legislative tools of the
ruling class.—II. Y.. Portland, Oregon.
Workers there are who are greatly
disturbed over the contention of the
Socialist that the capitalist is an
unnecessary and expensive luxury
thnt the workers could very well
afford to dispense with. Tt appears
to the puny mental vision of such
thnt the capitalist by some mysterious process furnishes the capital
without, which no industry
carried, and by so doing
the employment without
worker must starve,
of  reasoning is merely
Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C,
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. I{. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
W. II. Flowers, C. Peters. Alf. Ix'uh,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; R. P
Pettipiece, secretary, 25 Tenth ave.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
The assertion is frequently made
b.v the Socialist, that the prime purpose of the military is to hold the
enslaved working class in subjection
to its economic masters. In the
United States of Into years the tendency towards military rule has been
especially  noticeable.
Tho infamous Dick Milita-v Bill
which    became    law   not   long  since.
The cry  for  bread  goes    up    from
many of our large cities. It is deeper, hoarser, broader than it has been.
It comes from gnawing stomachs and
weakening frames. It comes from
men who tramp the streets looking
for work. It comes from women sitting helpless in bare rooms. It
comes from children driven from the
schoolhouse and play-ground. It
comes from they who fail in the market place to sell their labor-power to
the masters of bread, in our modern industrial centres many have
reached straits of destitution that
have never before been so glaring as
now. Probably no living person understands how awful is the suffering
—how terrible the poverty. No person can see it all. Few persons who
will read this can understand what
it means to be without food, clothing and shelter. It. is one of these
things so frightful that it cannot bo
brought home to them. They say
surely people can get something to
eat somewhere, at least enough to
support life. They can go to their
friends. But their friends are as
destitute as themselves. There are
men so wenkened from lack of food,
that they cannot work if work be offered them.
The capitalist press, and especially
the Portland Oregonian, a dally,
published in Oregon, says: "We have
so much to eat that the farmers are
complaining that they can get nothing for their provisions. We have
so much to wear that, cotton and
woolen mills nre continually in
search of foreign markets. We have
so much coal that coal mine owners
are merging into trusts in order that
they may curtail production. We
have so many houses that the builders are out of work. All the necessities and comforts of life are as
plentiful as ever they were in the
most prosperous years of our history." Now the question is, is this
true? If a country has enough food,
clothing and shelter for everybody,
why are times hard? Evidently nature is not to blame. Who, or what,
then is ?
The problem of the unemployed is
one of the most serious that face the
people of this country. There are
over 4,000,000 people seeking employment in our broad and glorious
country today, and these represent
at least 10,000,000 more dependent
upon them. As the unemployed have
no means of subsistence, the problem becomes enormous and heartrending to the honest, thoughtful observer. The hard roud of poverty
whose enil is pauperism, has been
travelled by millions in all civilized
countries, and with every improvement in the productive facilities of
the nations its numbers increase at
an glarming ratio.     The chasm be-
coulil   be
which     the
I'hut   this  sort
a case of hui-
h„nation is aptly shown b.v the following, written by a correspondent
of the Montana News. It seems that
in Wyoming there is a town called
Die!/. It is a coal town and owned
by one of those modern bandits
known ns the Sheridan Coal Corn-
Company. As this Company owns
the conl sonms it consequently owns
the town which owes its existence
to such conl deposits. Among the
many other thimrs that occur upon
the slave plantation of the Sheridan
t'onl Company, the correspondent in
question tells of the following holdup.
"The miner receives 45 cents for
digging and loading n ton of coal
not mined by machinery: for machine mined conl the loader receives
the magnificent sum of 1!) cents.
This coal sells for $7 per ton a few
hundred miles down in Nebraska.
A miner digs nnd loads on the mine
cars seven tons of coal for S3.15.
The same seven tons—minus thirty
three and one-third off for slack—is
sold to Ihe Nebraska farmers for
$32.67. The miner receives as his
reward for producing this S32.fi7
worth of wealth, after expense for
his tools, powder and oil are deducted, the tail end of the sum—82.07.
The Sheridan Coal Company, the
B. & M. railway and the coal dealers confiscate S30. The S30 goes to
buy palaces, automobiles, yachts,
foreign titles and blue-blooded pedigreed pug-dogs: the S2.fi" pays the
rent for the miner's shack, buys the
rags his wife and children wear and
fills his dinner pail full of cold grub
nnd   river  water,."
It would appear from this that the
miner trot S2 07 for producing woalth
from the sale of which $32.(17 was
realized. To be more accurate, however, an allowance must be made for
payment of other workers who contributed to tho process, such as
those engaged iu making the tools
and machinery necessary in coal production, those who transported the
coal to the Nebraska farmer, and
incidentally those others whose labor went into fho process indirectly.
Keen after making ample allowance
for all of these, there must still re
main a considerable surplus in the
hands of the coal company and its
allied brigands, tbe railroads and
dealers. It is out of such a surplus
that all capita] comes and instead
of ts being an aid to labor it is a
positive detriment., because it, saps
its life-blood and gives nothing in
return except, tho poverty and distress which is ever becoming more
wide spread among the laboring
class. The function of capital is not
as many suppose, to assist, in the
production of wealth, but to appropriate it, That is what the Sheridan Coal Company and its allies do
in the case of the miners above referred  to.
The $2.67 represents the price of
enough of the miners' labor power to
accomplish the digging of the seven
tons of coal. It is all the miner is
entitled to under the rule of capital.
When the worker gets the exchange
value of his labor power (wages) he
receives all he Is entitled to. The
difference, between the exchange value
of his labor power, and the exchange
value of the things he produces, is
the price he pays for being a wage
slave. Whenever he feels like kicking ho should console himself with
the old adage that "they who dance
inns!   pay  the piper."
As bad as may be the condition of
Ihe miners of Dietz or elsewhere, it
must of necessity become worse so
long ns the rule of cardial continues.
The more complete tho development
of capitul, the greater the army of
superfluous laborers, the keener tho
competition for employment, the
more pronounced the downward trend
of wages nnd the consequent lowering of the standard of living. Out
of such circumstances no belter conditions for the workers can be conjured. The only thing that will suffice is the overthrow of capitalist,
rule at the hands of a revolutionary
working1 class, nnd relegation into
oblivion of the Sheridan Coal Company anil all  such   bandits.
 o ■
In the advertising columns of the
Manitoba Free Press of Winnipeg, on
March 21, there appeared advertisements for over 40 servant, anil nurse
girls. We had no idea there were so
many women in Winnipeg too lazy to
do their own dirty work and attend
to   their  own  spawn.
The crying need of slaveys to dust,
scrub, empty slops und wait on
youngsters, promises to be supplied
by an enterprising party who in tho
same column announces thnt he is
about to depart for Fngland to bring
out "experienced domestic help." It
is to be hoped that n consignment
of this domestic brand of human
livestock will be secured large
enough to amply supply the needs of
Winnipeg's loafing class. It, would
be a serious breach of the ethics of
their profession if they had to do
their own  work.
of B. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening in the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor). .'113 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock in the I/) Petite
theatre, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, box 888, Vancouver.
1). c.
—-h.very Labor Luton In the i,ro..„, . *1
vitcd lo place a card under th.s head , u »
month.    Secretaries please note        '  "•* J
reenwood    Miners'   Union \r
VV.  P. M.    Meets   every si. jl
evening in Union hall. J. R. r; *
president; Ernest
Phoenix Trades and Labor   (rviT
Meets     every    alternate    "'
John   .'.iordan,  president;    i-m
Brown, vice-president;    p    "
asse serircrint-nt-arms; \y  L)  r
ary-treasurcr, P. 0. |*
bury, secret
l<)8,  Phoenix," B.  C
Phoenix      Miners'
Union,   NQ
VV.  F.  If,    Meets    every S™Ll
evening  at  7.30 o'clock in \|
hall,   Wm. Barnett. preside
RlQfdan,   secretary
C    PFTFRS    Practical Boot
u. r_.ii.ru> aBd Shoe f4ak-r
Usiid-Made BooUnod Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly aud mut-
ly duns.     Ktocfc   ..f staj.ie   t. ndj made
Shoes always en hand.
2456 Westminster Ave       Mount Pleasant.
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No. 17, »
]•'.   M.    meets  every third Satunj
fnun July 2.   Alfred Andrews,
i'lcnt; Jonathan    [shcrwood
Box 239,  Nanaimo, B. (
ing  secretary.
1. Edward Biro, a. C. Bbtpok-jacx.
UFO. K. HcC|kx_*M.
Railway Block    T\i 82a.   P.O. It»x MB.
324 Hastrtgs Street      -     Vancouver, B. C.
The    International    Brotherhood
Electrical Workers,—Local No f
Meets   second   ami   fourth    Thm
days at I. B. R. w. Hall, R,.0ra
Ingleside     Block,     President,
Dillabough;     recording    secrets
Geo, P. Farr; financial secretary
II. Sellar.    Address all commnnjj
lions  to  the  hall.   All  sojourn)
brethren cordially invited.
Mr.   F.   \V.   Morse,  vice-president of
the   Grand   Trunk    Pacific     Railway
Company,   who  came all  the  way to!
the coast   in his private car  to    get;
a   trifling  land   grant  from   the. Pro--
vincial government, having been turn-;
ed   down,   has  returned   to   the  east.
According  to  the  News-Advertiser of
'this     city   Mr.   Morse   wishes   it   distinctly   understood   "thut   the   great
railway  corporations  only  conducted
business   for   the  general   welfare     of
the   commimity   through   which   they,
operated,   and   if  a  bonus   was  asked
for,   it   wus only us a  nominal  guar-1
antei; that the province accorded with
the     principle     of    railway   building
within  its  borders."
"It is with u clear conscience 1,
leave for the east." were Mr. Morse's
final words as he sadly wended his
way towards more grateful regions
in the direction of the rising sun. It
is lucky for British Columbia that ho
took his conscience with him, ns the!
market here is already overstocked
with that particular brand.
If the wage-slave gets the market
price of his-labor Rower, and that is
merely enough to enable him to obtain the necessary food, etc., to ninke !
good the labor power he sold, what
has he out of which to be "robbed ns
a consumer," without losing his life'.'
und adjoining territories to repnsj
and advertise th* Wholesale ami fvdaj
ttooal Departments of un old establM
house al solid financial Standing Si
ry S.'i.oO ;ier day. with expenses
vatued each Monday by check <ij.
from heiKlqiiarteis. Morse and be,
furnished   when   necessary;   position ;
mnnent.       Address.    Hlew    Ilros.   Jfc  |
PSpt,   8,   Motion   IHdp.,   Chicago, III
The Vancouver Chop House
86 Water St. (Basement)
For  the Best  and Cheapest Meals in
the   City.     One   visit   assures us your trade.
Meals   15c.   and   tip.     Tickets  $3. )ti.
CIIAKI.EY  NT2P,   Prop.
Open  Day  nnd   Night.
ESTABi.lollBD 1894
The Oldest tabor Paper is Canada
Ahv.ysa fearless* exponent in U,
cause of labor.
Tor one ilollir the paper will '1
■m nt to any address for one year
Workingmen "fall countries «..
snort recognize the fact that thn
must : iptiort and read their toi.r
Issued every Friday.
The Voice Publishing Co., Liwiiti
Miners 'Magazin
Published Weekly by the
Western Federation Of Miners
A   Vigorous Advocate of Labor'i
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year ?1.00.        Six Months, H
Denver,  Colorado.
N    the  selection   of   the   Tobts
that we use in our Cigars wef
ercise   the   greatest    care,
buying   the  very    best   Total
thnt   is  grown.     Our
Kurtz's Otvn        -,
Kurtz's Pioneers   (J]W
Spanish Blossoms
Are iiiiuie of the very best clear I
tin   Killers   nnd   Sumatra    Wrapp
und are fiiaile  by expert  Union w*|
United Hatters of North Amerii
When you aro buying a FUJI  HAT lee   to  It ;1
the Clenuine Union Label i« sewed In it.    If «
lin-i  loose  labels  in  his  poKseimlon  and  ofTu.-s     to
one in « hat for you,  do not putroni/.e   him.       Mj
labels  In   rutuil   stores  are  counterfeits.      The  B'°
Union  Label  Is perforated  on four edges,   exactly
same as a  postage stamp.     Uounterfelte     »ro
times perforated  on  three edges, and some times i
on  two.     John  B.  Stetson  Co.,  of Philadelphia «|
lion-union  roncem.
.lOIIN   A.   MOKKITT.  President,  Orange. N, .1
MARTIN    I.AWI.OII,    Secretary,    ll   VV averly
New  York.
OCIAJ.ISM is inevitable.  Thut means our economic nnd 1
development will some day muke it clear even to the dullest
thnt a solution of our industrial problems is possible only tvja
dustrtal co-opcrntion. Hut are we to look on passively M"J,3f
until the mind more dull and dense thnn onr own,n8»«_J
....... ..... 1,,,,,,,   mute unu   una   oense   inun our  uw»i ""- ',(.,,«
reasoned it out nil by Itself ? Certninly not. We want to get tw a
sooner. And we will get there in the near future if we set to »u 1
and educate the man who Is atlll groping in the dark. V\« J
thiiiKs will make him see the light some day, but we want
to see it now. Therefore our incessant propaganda and »»' .1
tion. To do good work you need good tools. Select your pro» |
gunda material carefully and you will see results. Two P°" r
-_____.. well tried as means ofBocialist propaganda are . »«,
MODERN SOCIALISM. SthEdition; ISOPages; Paper25c, Clothm
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April  1,  1905
The Economics of Labor
A Lecture Delivero
have arrived at this then, thai
uniuodities are produced simply
xchange, exchange carried on
nulit, und yet, as commodities
inge for equal values there is
y no uctuul profit made in ex-
fee,     Whence   then  does it  arise,
I mysterious increase which is ihe
II und end-all of capitalist pro-
Son und private enterprise'? It
|s from the exploitation of labor;
made,   not  in  the market,   but
e workshop and factory.
|bor   is   a   commodity,   and,   like
commodities,   it   exchanges   in
market  at its cost of production
juian labor.     Thut is,  tlie lubor
of   the   laborer   is  sold   in   the
! and   open  market   ut    what     ii
to  produce    that    labor-force.
|iave  no  shivery  here.     ".Britons
will     be    slaves!"     The    free
sh  workmen is not sold, neither
he sell himself.     He brings into
nurket.  his  commodity—tho  only
of  any   value  he  possesses—his
fer  lo  lubor,   the labor-force  thai
li bodied  in  his person.    There is
|ing  in   the  world  to compel  him
ell   this   labor-force—but    sheer
fcsiiy.     lb- cun keep ii if he likes
II starve. Hut. "il fuut vivru,"
[though others us well us Tulley-.
may  not see the necessity, it is
very   necessity    to     live    which
it imperative on ihe otherwise
jerlyless   laborer   to  sell  his  only
jble     possession—his     one     ewe
I—his lubor.     Hul he has no ino-
|ly,    There ure other laborers in
urkot,  equally    ready, equally
jus, iii sell the same commodity
the   result    thut   this,   like   all
commodities offered under simi-
bonditions,    generally  exchanges
^s cost  of  production  iu  human
So  much   food,  clothing  and
all   produced    by   lubor,     is
Isury   for    the     production    and
Iteiiance of tho laborer,  and  this
js  the  busis  of  the exchange va-
bf  his   labor   force.     Stated    in
terms,   the   basis  of  wages     is
bost  of subsistence of the lubor-
|This  is culled  the   "iron law  of
and   with   reference  to which
III have something to say later.
lie present we are considering the
of surplus  value.     The labor-
Ills his  labor  then,  on  the aver-
|ns till  commodities are sold,  at
formal   exchange  value—its  cost
tdiiction.     But   the  amount  >of
|h which the laborer produces inI
lime   for   which   he  has  sold   his I
Morce,   is   out   oi   nil   proportion
Mint   it   costs     to     produce   and
kin     his     labor-force   for   that
This,   the   difference    between
he  produces  and   his  own   cost,
oiluctlon,   is  surplus  value,   nnd
On  and  divided  up by  the capi-
into  rent,   interest, and  prolit.
surplus  value,   then,   this prolit,
much  robbery  effected  bj   tak-
dvantago of the necessity of the
Italian—the   naked      property less
■tartan—the     naked    property less
foi'.       But,    .vou    sa.v .      tho      lu-
is     perfectly     free,   he made
own     bargain .■     it      was     a
and     open     contract ;       how
| it  be  described  as  robbery?   1
not     want   to   use  unnecessarily
terms,   anil   remember',   I   am
; attacking   individuals,   but     ut-
i'titig to describe the working ol
[actual    economic   system.      Your
fical  economists  talk  of  freedom
bntract;  but  there can bo no free-
of   contract   between   the   man
itittsl   sell   or  die—who  is  forced
llitcr necessity   to,   like  Ksau,  sell
pirthright for a mess of -ottuge.
)  speak—and   to   whom   it   is     a
er   of     indifference      whether     he
or  not.     The  laborer  is forced
eiessity  to sell,  and  as a conse-
50   gets   on     the   avernge   but   a
stence  in  return.     All  over  and
e the cost   of  subsistence belongs
lis  exploiters—he   has     what      he
{bargained for in wanes. What
has he to more? lu the result
is. general.y speaking, no re-
Ill between the value of a mini's
between the value of what he
luces and what be receives. What
I'tcives js governed, not b.v what
produces,   but   by   what   he   must
to live to go on working. It
jninet iuies urged as an objection
lliis that wages vary in different
(tries.      Precisely,   which   nl   first
appears to disprove, really goes
BroVO the truth of the theory 1
{propounding. Although it. is
I'lilnes sought to show thut the
ll' of some moll is vastly more
{active-  than  that   of others,  it,  is
to assume and the facts go lo
thai there is nowhere such a
Irence in the productivity of In-
Jas would account for Ihe extra-
|tuiry difference in wages. The
lisli workman is doubtless tho" fln-
Ifellow on the face of the earth.
lis pastors and masters tell him
f< thev want to keep him coned; but he CannOi do twelve
{s ns much work us a Chinaman.
tho latter will work for four-
jo a day,  while the former vvunts
shillings. The Chinaman gets
[pence a day because he has learned live on fourpence a day—when
have taught the British
<nmn to live on fourpence a day
cnpitnlism continues — he
get fourpence n day. nl-
ligh he may do just as
Ih work as he docs today.
P'o is, of course, a constant effort
the part of workmen to force
{es  above  this     subsistence  level,
frequently they do rise above it;
at the same time, as with nil
pr commofh'ti •*, competition is
stttntly operating to force down
[price of lubor—wages—to its nor-
Ice  you   have   clearly   understood
working   of   this   economic   law,
"iron   law  of  wages;"   this fact
'he return   to  labor  is governed
by   the productivity of labor, but
(Its cost of  production  (which    in
humble   Judgment   is   the   central
in  the  economics of  labor)  you
Bow useless are .many of the pro-
Ms of your  social  reformers,  and
do.. lulluclOUB are muny of tho
teachings of your political economist.-.
Remember that the operation of
this luw is imperative and inexorable
as long us present conditions obtain,
it is no use appealing to the sense
of justice of the capitalist. He, as
capitalist, is in duty bound to buy
labor, as well us other commodities,
as cheaply as possible', if he is so
noble-minded, so quixotic, us to pay
an artificial price for labor, the economic conditions, which, like the Almighty are no inspectors of persons,
have no mercy on him, but relentlessly thrust him on one side to
make room for another less scrupulous than himself.
To preach temperance and thrift to
the workers may be very well. Eroin
the point of view of abstract morality (ho practice of temperance and
thrift, and industry may be a good
thing, but economically considered
the practice of thrift and abstinence
und industry not only does not advantage the worker, but is frequently
pernicious. The practice of thrift
anil abstinence simply means for the
workers reducing their consumption
and ultimately reducing their standard of comfort—their cost of living
und consequently their wages. To
be industrious does not mean for
the worker Increased wealth and increased comfort, but increased production of surplus value for the capitalist class, which surplus value is
being piled up around him in musses
ol overproduction which do not belong to him, which he may not consume, but which frequently condemn
him to involuntary idleness, and, by
intensifying the competition in the
lubor market, help to force down
Recognizing the inexorable working
of these economic laws you will see
how fallacious are the theories of
political economists as to individual
liberty, freedom of contract and free
trade. Mow inn there be freedom
oi contract between the propertyless
proletarian—the laborer with nothing
but his lubor to sell, anil therefore
compelled to sell his labor—and the
capitalist, with whom it is a matter
of indifference whether lie buys tho
labor of this particular individual
01   of  some other?
What is the value of the individual
liberty of ihe laborer who, being thus
compelled to sell his labor, must of
necessity sell il for a bare subsistence Without any regard to its productivity? Of what value is free
trade when it only tends to cheapen
commodities, und labor as well as
ull other commoilities? when by reducing the cost of production of labor it reduces its value in exchange.'
when by reducing the price of food
it also reduces the wages of labor?
Yet your propertyless preletarian is
a sine qua nou of capitalism. Capital, as we have seeur. ceases lo be
capital if it ceases to produce prolit.
This profit is surplus value—unpaid
labor—llie result of the exploitation
of tlie proletarian. This exploitution
is only possible with your free, nuked laborer. If he were not "free"
he could not sell his labor force, and
il he were not naked of possessions
he would not sell it for a bare subsistence. Thus capital grows by
what it feeds on, und thus iabor becomes poorer the more it abstains
ami  the more  it  saves.
Vou will thus see that not only is
the poverty of the workers essential
to capitalism, but that capitalism
maintains and intensifies this "overly so that all Ihe well-intentioned
efforts of social reformers to mitigate its evils merely furnish capitalism with additional weapons. Temperance, thrift, imlitstr-' only serve
lo make labor an easier or more
valuable prey to cupitul. If they reduce the cost of living in any particular they but. reduce the cost of
labor to the capitalist. Take educa-
lion ugain. There is a growing cry
for technical education, in order, it
Is said, to enable us to compete with
foreign countries. What does this
mean save thut in those countries
with which we are called upon to
compete education itself is being exploited, that, the monopoly hitherto
enjoyed by skilled labor has been
broken down by the spread of education, and that skilled labor is now
on   ihe snme  level   with  unskilled?
A recognition of these facts not
only demonstrates the fallacy of
many so-called reforms, but points
Ihe direction in which we should
proceed iu order to eliminate the
evils arising from present conditions.
We see that the mere cheapening of
the cost of living only tends to reduce wages nnd thus cannot advan-
tnge the worker. We must therofore
aim at raising the standard of life
rather than cheapening tho cost of
subsistence. We must see that public money is well spent, rather than
thai tuxes are reduced, and that the
workers ure provided with better and
healthier rather than cheaper dwellings, with more wholesome, better,
and more plentiful ; rather than
cheaper—and nastier food.
Seeing that the operation of the
laws wo have been considering Is inexorable under, and inseparable from,
existing economic conditions, our efforts should be directed to changing
these conditions rather than tinkering with their effects, to revolutionizing conditions which divert the
means of production from their proper object—that of producing wealth
—and convert them Into capital—
means of exploitation. We cannot change these conditions; we
cannot destroy the class ownership
of the means of production which
lies at the bottom of these conditions by going back to the individual
ownership of the middle ages, but
we must press on towurds their collective ownership. Ever step In
social reform should be a stepping
stone to that end, for the whole
trend of the economic development is
in  that  direction.
• (The end.)
Billy ilohenzolloren, he that is Emperor of Germany, has made another
speech, and as is usually the case
with professional speech makers, it
was a good one. The occasion was
the unveiling of a monument to one
of his cut-throat predecessors. It
should be noted that the only way
the memory of cut-throats can be
kept green is by building monuments
or statues for the purpose of continually thrusting before the gaping
multitude a reminder of their cut-
throut deeds. But to come back to
Billy's speech. He assured his admiring audience, according to the
press dispatches, thut they had then
sworn un outh of fidelity to the flag,
and that when lie became the head of
the Government he would do everything possble to let bayonets and
cunnon rest   but to
Keep the Bayonets Sharp
and  the cannon  ready,  so that envy
and  greed  from  without  would    not
disturb us in  tending our garden  or
building  our beautiful  house.
"I vowed," the Emperor continued,
'•'never to strike for world mastery
The world-empire that I had dreamed of, was to create for the Gorman
Empire on ull sides the most absolute confidence us a quiet, honest and
peaceable neighbor. I had vowed
that, if ever the time comes and history shall speak of a German world-
power or a llohenzollereu world-power, this should not be based upon
conquest but come through a mutual
striving of nations after common
"After much has been done internally in a military way, the next
thing must be the arming ourselves
at sen. Every German battleship is
a new guarantee for the peace of the
world, and the less ready will our
foes be to attack and the more valuable do we become as an ally.
The duty of youth is to avoid every discord. Give them the conviction that God had great things in
store for the German people. We are
the salt of the earth, but must prove
worthy of being so. Therefore our
youth must learn to deny themselves
what is not good for them. Then
we must be regarded on all sides
with esteem and love as a trustworthy  people.
"With all my heart I hope that
peace will continue to be preserved
for us."
ft can easily be seen from this that
Billy is not a cut-throat, but merely
wishes to keep the necessary tools of
the cut-throat's profession in trim so
that the other fellow, the real cutthroat, would be powerless. Very
clever in Billy, Indeed. The self-sacrificing spirit manifested in his vow
"never to strike for world-mastery"
is very commendable and will no
doubt be appreciated by Roosevelt
and others who may perchance have
aspirations in that direction. As
Billy industriously sharpens the bayonets it is to be hoped that perfect
confidence in his good intentions will
remain unshaken in the mind of everyone, especially that of the German
workingman who turns the grindstone. What more convincing proof
of tlie "quiet, honest and peaceable"
intentions of a neighbor than to
know   he    was    grinding   the  cutlery
und cleaning up the other tools of
murder in his back yard. It is pleasing to know that, "we are the salt
of the earth, but must prove worthy
of being so." This is praiseworthy
indeed and quite the correct way to
advertise any sort of merchandise in
this commercial age. Good weight
and a high standard of quality will
assure the dealer a commanding position in the market provided his
prices are not too high. Billy, however, doth so long for peace, and so
VOlciferously utters the longing that
some may fancy he "doth protest
too much."
Tho German people, or those of
uny other country will be assured of
peace only when they shall have
dispensed with the burden of supporting their ruling classes of which
Emperor Billy, Teddy Roosvelt and
such worthies are but the instruments.
After some twenty years of comparative quiescence . the emigration-
ists are once more abroad with their
proposal for the transportation for
life for thp young and active men for
whom capitalists have no need here
at home. These worthy gentry seek
to take advantage of existing distress and the depression in the labor
market, to get cheap labor for their
clients in Canada and other British
colonies. It is really only another
edition of the Chinese Labor Ordinance. Capitalism everywhere requires
cheap labor; whether it be black,
white, brown or yellow is of no consequence, so long us it is cheap. It
is hoped that, the want of employment among British workmen will
make many of the most active and
adventurous among them an easy
prey to the seductions of the capitalist emissaries. We trust, not. Social-
Democrats have met these worthies
and defeated them time nnd again.
There is no need for any British
workman to emigrate, still less is it
necessary for the vory flower of our
manhood to do so. There is no country in the world so rich as this;
none where the existing wealth per
heed of the population is so great as
here. Why, then, should the workers
be hustled out of the country, leaving behind them the wealth which
they have produced for others to enjoy? On the contrary, it is their
duty to stay here, to join in tho
struggle on behalf of their own class:
to help to secure for themselves and
their fellows the wealth they alone
have produced. If emigration is such
a grand thing, let the idlers go. The
workers are badly wanted here to
help in the fight for their own country, and for their own class.—London  Justice.
Victoria General Agent for The
bh.AT'i'Ll'. UMtS
I OS AMil-.Ll-.s TIMES
P. 0. Box 444
}, 5 anil 7 STORE STkEET
Telephone 296 VICTORIA, B. C.
und Poultry Food to obtain
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Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
All The Working Men
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We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in conventi n a cembled, affirm ou'
allegiance to and support of the pri.:-
iples and prog,an-, of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should <u<tly belong.. To tne
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecyacmic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
Tbe interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
I for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
tfee working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, ct capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance ••""♦'- this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands ? ■> such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
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Thos. J. Hagerty, erstwhile "Father," who some time since honored
British Columbia with a propaganda
tour at $30 per; recently visited San
Francisco in the Interest of "industrial unionism," whatever that may
bo. According to the Socialist Voire
the "Father" did himself proud by
using the opportunity afforded him
to speak under the auspices of San
Francisco Local of the Socialist
Party, to make a scurrilous attack
upon the Party by blackguarding its
ellorts and casting reflections upon
its officials. The meeting broke up
in disorder. Like Judas, Hagerty
did not forget his thirty pieces of
silver, but took good cure to collect
before leaving town, Whether Hagerty \s conduct is to he taken as a
tip of what may be expected all
along the line from a successful
hatching of the "industrial union''
scheme being concocted in Chicago
remains to be seen.
I'Yiedriek Heather, a laborer
58, was charged at Kingston
stealing potatoes from a field,
hod been for months out of work and
was starving. He had been ejected
from his cottage because he was unable  to  pay  rent.
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in
..Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
clans to lie a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possess'on of the reirs of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership 1 hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political t arty, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Admitted lo Local.
Strike nt  the ballot box on election day but be sure to strike the
336  Cordova St.
any day you are hungry. .lust
around the corner from the Socialist headquarters.
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it*  STILL 1st THE KtVQ.
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Comrade -J. E   Osborne Active in Use ; Splendid  Kield  Opened   to   Salvation   Mr.
California Movement. Armv bv Gardener Burb&nJk.
H<-od*T«~on's   Amendment
>   Second   Reading.
Th*  many     tneu&a of Comrade J. I    Bnrback the famou* California gar-      The   amendment   to    the    Supreme
B.  Osborne.   »hi>  «-ita his estimable  dener after a u« years' straggle with   Court   Act   which   reads   as  follows.	
«if* paud thu end of the province a   the cactus, ha« succeeded u> inducing  ha* passed  ;he second reading in the   early
Comrade*   wnUsg  to  iti'."; --..-v.: ;.
will plsase note the cha&ge of secretary.     Correspondence should be ad-
JMSSld  to
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SfiWrtWc natur-r or tot
tpto.tson. the;, <.r,ui«j giw
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Cotnradea Stebbingn. Peters, Lean,
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radea Burns and Morgan were also in
Carried.  ^^^^^^^^^^^^
I.   0.   Morgan   was  elected
nte eoauadUae on char
-.i>a. it iraj now ut 'Js* niLOi of tne
lithographer and would boon he
available. The report was aocepted.
Ihe rowimi't** on loan reported
Comrade Bums oiT-sred to lend the
< ossnuitee ?15 to be applied to the
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lien on receipts.
Petesv-BtPhbings-That the offer be
z/y epted with tviacl.>,.
vj*n ia*'. sunsn^r. srili he pleased to
Lnow that he is stall active   in   the
movement.      Though  he  suffers    the
■ itnoul   in- temole  handicap  of  having  iost his
no iciorma- pn>>3cai   eyesight,   hi*  mental  vision
sj> ail right as  tbe following, clipped
matter  Jrom lb* BortsHst Voice of Oakland.
wiU »ho»
Hal To* Earijt u n^
Exclusive pa tun.    nre
some of the choke oce, w^
and  some  of  t>.. ^j
Flatiron Hats
Tie Saartest Ssti Nat el tit j
t to discard it* thorn.' and produce ; Provincial BooSh.
a "delicious nutriment for man or
beast instead. He has also induced
it to discard it* long established prejudice in favor of the heated regions
of a California or Aruona de^eei, anil
content to abide, and thrive, any-
, where from  thr- Arctic  Circle to  the
Osbonsn-.   speaking  on   "The < eouator.       Af'er    thus,   having   been   _	
**re- .Su-iiliu:!  Party     at  the regular pro-, brought within the pale of "law and ' mi miliar;
.  - pagaada     meting  of  the  local  last jorder,'"  and    trained  to comport it-.exceeding *:».*. and not less than $lussut.     Neither   trouble  cor
.«po/.*B     jjjiUy evening    snowed very dearly ?«,if according to the ethic* of a com- . for ea h  such  offence.' has been  saved  in the produr
that the form taJrea by industrial or- j mertial     existence,     its  fecundity   is \    This marvelous creation  which has   these   goods,   as   vou   wji
ganuation*  of  norking  men,    trades  g^jd   ro  te    <^omething     phenomenal,   go effectually  inspired  counties* gen-1 acknowledge   upon
uniins and  *o forth  was always de-|This should insure that its delicious ! erations   with   a   wh.«lf«ome    respect'	
termuked   by   economic   development, j nutriment  should  also  be deliciouslv ' "      ^^
I.   B
Of  the
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^      cannot duphcate.    if -iQi
The   wearing   or  use  of   the  cus-1 unusual styles it wiii unsr^1"5
tomary  official  wie^   or ol robes of i come promptly. '
any color other than black, by judg- ~
ert.   bavrrtstets  or  registrars of  thisj
court, during the sitting of the court!
or Is cbambers. is hereby prohibited.'
An>   person   viola tin?  any  provision i    These Hat* have been estiW
of  the  foregoine  shall   be  liable   on Really     received  by young mj/l
y conviction to a penalty not; the very  first  day  we brought I
and    furthermore,    that
i for  the  majesty of  th>? law  is  to  he
Bronght  forward   ...  .
That  an  ;r<i-r   '.
treavir>     payable
IS 00
«^i vj
Comrade Wilkinson elected to the
chair; Comrade Morgan appoint**!
secretary pro tern. Credentials were
received from Vsaeowoar I^xai lor
E. Barns and J. 8. Morgan a>. tt*M>-
bsra ot the committee ■vice Comrades
Flowers  and  Pettipi<ye,   resigned.
Stebbings-Leah— That  tbe delegates
be granted  a seat  aad  vote in    the   Ernest   iiuru--.   loan
committee.     Carried.
Tbe minute* of the previous, tneetv
tag were rea/J and adopte<l.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
Vrovi Winnipeg, Man , eodosiaf aj»-
pMcation fsr ch?.r»er nrfth nine names
sad  io-'JO   for   iJj»;.i.-.r.   an>i   ■■tan*.;;'.
Peters-Leah—That   the   ar^plication
be rer'eived, charter granted and for«i^^|^|^|^|^(_____^t^t^_^_^a-a-asa_a_aaB
warded   when   out   of    lithographer't     PoUowiag    thi-    lead    of   Toronto.
hands.    Carried. Winnipeg has affiliated with  the So-
Erom the Polish Socialist Party cialiKt Party of Canada. In conse-
asking for aasfhtanr* In th* struggla q«*nci-. the ScKialist Party of Mani-
against  Czardom. toba,   which   has   \f^;n   conUnnowdy
Burns-Peters—To   I>e  received,   filed active for some thri-c-
and handed  to   Western  Clarion  for of existence     Wh
publication.     Carried. beard   from
From   Customs   Iiepartment,   Otta- east.
wa,  to  the effect   that  not  knowing     The ch
whether Marx's "Capital"—"evident- er
___       . no     ■***her! cheap.    Mr   Burbank'* triumph opens I ruthlessly   relegated   to     tbe    lumlier |
• hat the form of indujstriai organiza-   ,_._-   before  the   Salvation  .Army     an ; room by  the rude hand  of the irrev-i
^ion.   the   working  class   was  power- {opportunity    which     it   should    not! erential      legislator.       The    quakingi
:es» with the law making power, the • overlook.        By    establishing   cactus Irnalefai tor   hailed   before   the  bar  of!
courts,  the police,  the army and the farms   at  convenient   points   it could | ;ustice   to   answer   for   his   misdeeds
*.-•     la  (he haada of the capitalistic Ishlp the sinners reclaimed from    the j is   to   be  d**nie.l   the   satisfaction    of
class.     He cited     the failure of  the  cesspools of iniquity in the cities to j receiving his portion at  the band* of
ireacizations andin-|such  farms  where free from  the  pit-]a  judge   with   occiput   adorned    with
a of city lif«-, they could fill their f the  customary
^^^^^^^^ esainina.jttj
ill CttaHs Street
-' rikes nf craft
■> -i,   sTaatrlsJ  oreanizations alike,  such as j fall* oi ni,> »«e,  umr\ couiu uu uieir; tne customary   awe    inspiring    mon
uptrfiea aad stanuM £Z  '^)   '**"'  '***'   "-•"*'"-    strik<.-   in   Peansyl-1stomachs  with   the   •'delicious  nutri-j strosity.    He  must  henceforth  suffer
n^nsn»a»»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»a»»a»a» VilfilJ*,      * fad*      A
drasra on iiie
^^^^^^^^^^^^ to Kingi-.iey a.
l.t.u.. -.*.    for  $2*).     Carried.
liaiam e on hand >.''»j.
><:iirs  -joes out
os next?    Time we
our   comrades     further
nai  <-r,  constitution,  and  oth
ly a  book  or  pamphlet"-was  of-a   buJor';;;;,:'1'   '"' r'a"y  iw di"lri
n«rxt  »e»rk  or so.
la   ail   these    circumstant-es    it   Is]    ltljT irrepressible comrade,  .John T.
worth while to recall, as some of our JMortiinier, has again graduated from
friends have done,  that there is not   th<! wagM|ave class into thut of ihe
so much difference after all, betwas&T..p0tty b,„lr,,,.ols" by opening an up-
Eaglaad  and   Russia.      We   have   »i.......    ..,?■ "     B *
constitution,   it  is  true;   but  it ensures no right*  to  the propertyless,
ws  nave   representative   government,
but only projicrty  is represented   in
the House of  Commons ;    none dare
speak,  except on  behalf of property,
save with bated breath and whispering humbleness.     Everything in thia
land of  liberty  is  splendid  and  perfect.    There hi no repression, no coercion,   no   force   no   despotism,     no
autocracy,   but    perfw.t    freedom   of
thought,   liberty  of  action,   freedom
of speech, of meeting, of association
—so long ss the "lower orders" keep
quiet gnd  the proletariat is orderly.
But let  the pro|>ertyless attempt to
use all these glorious liberties in or
der to asset t their elemental right—
the right to live, and then—why then
there is not anything to choose between   I,ondon    and   St.   Petersburg
'ihe strikers of St. Petersburg sought
to interview their Little Father,  the
Czar;   they   went,  peacefully,   without
arms;     they    were    mercilessly  shot
down.     The  unemployed   of   London,
where  thpre  is  no  Czar,   sought   an
interview   with    the   people's    representatives,  in   Parliament  assembled.
They,   too,   went  peacefully,   without
arms,   and   they   were  no   more  successful  than their fellows in  St.  Petersburg,   and  if  they  bad  gone    In
equal    numbers    would    have    fared
quite    as    badly.     The  ruling  class
are  everywhere   the   same;   we   have
had our  Peterloo  and  our  Feather-
stone,   and  November   18,   1X87,    in
London, only differed from   January
23,   1905  in   St.   Petersburg,   in   the
object of the gathering and the number of the killed and wounded.    The
butchery instincth ot the ruling class
ware the same on both occasions —
to-di.'.e tailoring establishment in
St. Vincent, Minnesota, right opposite the M. E. Church. As a side line
and merely as an accommodation to
his patrons, he is prepared to clean
and press your clothes while you
wait. This will be a great convenience to the ever Increasing number
who 'an afford but one pair of overalls at a time anyhow, in spite of
the heavy responsibilities of a rapidly inereasing business John T. has
found t.im<* to (leal out some hard
slaps to a bunch of single-tax freaks
through the columns of tt»- Winnipeg
Voice during the past few weeks. If
he d"als with the employees of his
tailoring emporium us vigorously as
he has dealt with this single-tax
bunch we are thankful that we have
a job elsewhere.
R.   I'.  strike in  1894
and  tbe r»<ent  strike of  the Western
I Federation >>i Miners in Colorado.
He alsv died the ia.se of the coal
miners strike ;n British Columbia.
share,  af'er a prolonged and unsuc-
'■'-ssf'il   strike   (o  gain  an  eight-hour
i aorhdsy. they organized themselves
into a political party on the prin-
i iplss of Socialism, and under the
name    of    the     Socialist   Party^ el-
•»•<••■<' t»„ «f their number to the
provincial   House of Parliament.
Xow am what happens. These two
members constitated the balanee of
power in the Provincial Parliament
and were eaahlad to force through
the legislature an eigbt-bour law,
thus s<-<iirinif through their political
union what they failed to accomplish
through   their  industrial  strike.
II*; said, in concluding his remarks.
that the Socialist Party maintains a
friendly attitude toward all organizations of labor, but honestly and
continually points out to them the
class struggle which is for the capitalists to hold and the workers to
secure, the political power.
mem of cactus juice and sing joyful!the humiliation of receiving sentence
songs of praise to their Redeemer. ! frorn a wigtess justice distK-nser. and
To defray the slight expense of sal- j as like as not a bald-headed one at
j vation. in the way of queer looking that. To redoes the ceremony to so
uniforms, poke bonnets,  tambourines, (dull   and  commonplace   a   level   must
ba-<-:s drums and other loud noise
producing implements, they might
prepare a little cactus breakfast food
to be sold to saints and unredeemed
sinners out-ide the cactus farm. Such
a pieasi.-if.' road to salvation should
become very popular as it would relieve the traveller of the usual tedium of the buck-saw route.
o -
Matsqui,   B.   C,   March   25,   1905.
Mr.  J.  H.  Hawthornthwaite, M.P.P-,
Victoria,  B.  ('.,
bear Sir,—At a public meeting he,d
at   the  Matsqui    School    House    tonight,   the  following   resolution  was
"Resolved:    That   it   is  the  sincere
desire    of    this Sneetbag  of  Matsqui
Settlers, assembled to receive the reports of delegates sent to Victoria to
interview   the   Provincial   legislature
re   the   Dyking   Act,   now   before   the
The  proletariat  will  use  its  politi-   House,   to express     our  most hearty
ra.   supremacy  to  wrest,  by  degrees,   thanks to you for your unselfish and
all   capital   from   the  bourgeoisie,   to   able efforts in  our behalf.
centralize all  Instruments of produc- "Yours truly,
tion in the hands of the State, i. e., "H.  STRANGE.
of   'he  proletariat  organized  as   the "Secretary."
ruling class:  and  to increase the to-1  °	
tal   of   productive    forces  as   rapidly      The steamship     Empress of  Japan
  ■- o arrived from the Orient on March 27.
A part of her cargo consisted of
1H(»0 bales of silk, valued at $1,260,-
IKiO, consigned to Wehnwken, N. Y.
It will be rushi.il through by fast
freight. The wives and daughters of
the rai.way and silk mill employees
will, however, still continue to wear
calico      The   Chink   that   tended    the
lucky      to
By bourgeoisie is meant the class
of modern Capitalists, owners of the
means of social production arid employers of wage-labor, ny proletariat, the class of modern wage-laborers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to
elling their labor power in order to | silkworm   wi.l   be   mighty
get   anything  to  wear.
Men of England, wherefore plow
.For the lords that lay ye low?
Wherefore weave with toll and care
The rich robes your tyrants wear?
Wherefore feed,  and clothe and save.
From tho cradle to the grave,
Those ungrateful drones who would
Drain  your   sweat;   nay,   drink
blood ?
Wherefore, Bees of England, forge
Many a weapon, chain and scourge.
That these stlngless drones may spoil
The forc«d produce of your toil?
Have ye leisure, comfort, calm.
Shelter,  food,   love's gentle balm?
Or what Is't vo buy so dear
With your pain  and with your fear?
The ssed ye sow another reaps;
Tlie wealth ye And another keeps;
Tho robes ye weave another wears;
The arms yc forge another bears.
Sow seed but let no tyrant reap;
Find wealth—let no fmposter heap:
Weavo robes—let not the Idle wear,'
Forge arms, In your defence to bear.
-\B. Shelly
Charles il. Mayer, president of the
Western Federation of Miners, has
sued James il. Peabody, Sherman
Bell and Bulkeley Wells, for $100,000
damages for falsi; imprisonment during the laie troubles In Colorado.
The damage suffered by those who
aro active in the movements of
workers nt the hands of the ruffians
of capital cannot be made good by
money payment. The only price that
will satisfy Judgment is the com-'
piste overthrow  of capitalist  rule.
We have :,t least some idea of the
bitter experience of Mr. Moyor while
in the hands of these ruffians. We
en realize what, he must have suffered, and can readily understand
that, his health might have sulTered
it reparable injury. We sincerely hope
that he may recover every dollar for
yvbJcti be has sued, as at. least some
-liight recompense for the sufferings
imposed upon birn. Too well do we
realize it to tie a forlorn hope however. The machinery of the law from
fop to bottom is in the bunds of
they who were responsible for his incarceration. We should be no more
surprised to hear of icebergs floating
the tropic seas of Satan's dominion than to hear of Mr. Mover recovering even as much as one farthing.
Now that peace between Japan and
Russia is being hinted at the time
has come for other nations to stick
their  impudent   noses  into   the
$25.00,$22.00, $20
.oo and $18.00
SUITS for 	
For One Week
$6.00, $5.50 $5.00,
$4.00 Trousers
J. DANAHER & CO. "TtfSraV-
soli: agents for -STILENFIT"  CLOTHES
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
necessarily prove distasteful to every
high-minded criminal. Judges there
have been in days gone »•- who were
witless Vow we are to have them
wigless. May the time never come
when fate shall inflict them upon us
both   witless  and   wigless.
The poor old wig seerns to be getting it from all sides at once. A
London exchange just to hand in
speaking of the English parliament
says: "and the House of Commons
itself, with" Its absurd mummeries
and silly-billy forms, is as much out
of date as its 1^8.0OO-a-year Speaker
and his foolish old wig." The hitherto venerated old absurdity appears
to have few admirers left. But
while the heart of both judge and
criminal may ache because of its
banishment, other hearts will lie
more sorely afflicted. Mr. Henderson, who introduced the amendment,
stated that "wic-!, were costly, each
being worth about $50." The banishment of the wig will cause the
London wig-makers to experience an
ache that will he a truly genuine
one. This is the saddest part of the
whole affair.
Philip Adshead. .if Rtockpm
lenges   any   other  brii Uaysr !«
bricklaying    championship   ,,.
world and a stake of £30    j*.
antees   to   lay   2,'«ki  :.:
hours,   whib-  it   i*  claimed S(
work   for  an   ordinary  tprikijj
about   500.     As   we  net     yd
boast   of   in   the   possession u(.
ent   strength,   dexterity  and
sense to do the work of a aa
fancy the fellow's nam.- •<, ij,j
misspelled       It   ahould  Drnpod
The press in    Barcelona fa
on the wealthy da'ses in ti,,
bearing   in   mind   the  s*artlin»|
that   40.0OO   workmen   in  But
and  15,000 m  Catalonia arc J
sent   out   of  employment   tii\
state  of   gre.it   destitution
dust rial   crisis   i«   ?aid   to U
felt  in   the  textile  trail-- vp
onial  exports  have much dim,
The Kansas farmers are o
tor the purpose of buildmi* i
for  their  wheat,   being proa
do so because as they all.-g.r
ways   have   been   souee/inu l
shipment.     This  causes  an nj
to  facetiously surmise tha'
going   to   transport   their  cts!
market in wheelbarrows
Owing   to   the
ment    of    the
Sunday     night
cal     Victoria,
be  held   in   the
further   notice.'
tx'gin promptly
sior, is fr«-c
change  of  manage-
f'rystal   Theatre,   the
meetings     of     1...
S-    P.       of  C,   will
Kdison  Theatre until
These   meetings   will
at 8 o'clock.   Adnii -
The   net   eat nip*."   ot   the
of   the   United   Sta'e*  far  \
'riven   as   9682,000.000.     Tf
i tid>   sum and should be ml
j keep quite a bunch of capi*a;.*|
' ers  on   the  sunnv  aide of p
i until  the next  annual skinmnrj
Working i las* suckers in thi
I service is rampicted.
The somewhat sarcastic reference; In the matter of a resolution deal-
by the Liberal press to what it jng „jth thl. ,.ights o( the Provinc<,
terms Comrade J. H. Hawthornth- ,__, . „„„„ ,,._ 1^.1.1
wake's admiration for the McBride to lev-v a tftX uP°n *• E* * N-
Government may be easily borne with Railway lands in case the proposed
fortitude by that gentleman. Should transfer of the road to the C. P. R.
any one accuse him of an admiration went through, which resolution was
for the present hungrily puling op- to fje forwarded t0 ^ otUwa v.
position,  however,  would be quite a|^            D 1U   _,, M_   ___,   „,,
Tbe Rev. Gladden of Columbus.
O., moderator of the Congregational
church, thinks "there should be an
organized movement of the churches,
"against rhe acceptance of money
from John D. Rockefeller by the American Board of Foreign Missions.
This seems childish. Take it dollar
for dollar and Rockefeller's money
will be just as efficacious as any
Other in providing the necessary dope
to  hypnotize  the denizen  of  heathen j
lands in to a properly quiescent state ;    "Wage-labor  and  Capital,''
for  "benevolent    assimilation,"   and I copy 5 cents:
besides it is quite as clean as   that     6 copies 25 cents;
usually raised for the purpose.
in Opportune
Vmi for Reading
■ 'r.ip in ami see our splendid san]
•I'   n-arling    matter.    Trv     1
•xebauge.    Return   two old
er 'ive one new one.
I] ana 14 Arcade.       328 Abbml
Mail orders promptly atteni'rtl
The modern laborer instead
of rising with the progress of industry, sinks deeper and deeper below
the conditions of existence of his
own class. He becomes a pauper,
and pauperism develops more rapidly
than population and wealth— Som-
munist Manifesto.
15 copies 50 cents:
40 copies $1.00;
100  copies  and   over,
copy, ^L^^
These rates include postage!
part of Canada or United Sti
2 ce
Box 830 Vancouver.
different matter, ft would lie enough
to justify a violent ebullition ot
temper upon the part of J. H
j Burns & Co.!
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom  Chains,    Augers,   Loggers' Jacks,  Etc.
We have moved into our new
and commodious  premises :
138 Cordova St., Cast
'PfcMi 1171       Vancouver, B. 0.
........... ml   inw;>  into   tne    pro-
cei'flingH und get. something out of
Japans victory that they ran turn
to their own account. It appears
from the despatches that England is
alreudy counting upon aiding Japan
in arranging satisfactory terms, by
a lot of grandmotherly advice and
nose-poking, in return for which she
expects to obtain the use of Japan's
"splendid soldiers" upon the Indian
frontier at nny time Russia may take
notion to become obstreperous in
that quarter. It will be contrary to
the usual habit of pirate nations if
thev do not look with envious eye
upon the points of Japan's victory,
and each endeavor to get a slice. In
thl* respect thew resemble a gang of
tin-horn garnbldrs hanging around
one who has been fortunate enough
to make a winning at the earning.
table, each hungrily expecting to giKJ
a stake out of tho winnings. If Japan be wise she will look with suspicion upon all offers of friendly assistance in her set (lenient with the
Russian Bear.
"Over the door of a church in Arizona are these words: 'This is tho
gate of heaven," and on the panel
of the door is a notice which says,
"Closed by order of the American
Loan  Co,"
Even the gate of heaven it seems
cannot be kept, workable without
grease for its hinges,
Thu failure of the operators and
minors of the Central bituminous district of Pennsylvania, to agree upon
a wage scale for the ensuing year,
means the suspension of work by
45,000 minors at the end of the present month.
One of those vexatious mistakes
that sometimes occur in spite of ordinary precautions will be noticed on
the first page of last week's issue.
The headings of the two articles,
"Subway - Elevated Strike" and
"Sound Common Sense," in some
unaccountable way became transposed. Every e0ort to locate the blame
for this having fniled, we have decided to lay it to delinquent subscribers.
The centralization of executive
work, the abolition of unnecessary
agencies, and the consolidation of
traffic and accounting departments,
is to dispense with the services of a
large number of railway employes.
The number will run as high as 75,-
000 in the opinion of some of the
railway  managers.
Workingmen Are Always Welcome at
New Fountain Hotel
C. SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and up.
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver, B.C.
ernment, Hawthornthwaite and Williams actually withdrew their original resolution in favor of one offered
by the Liberal leader in the house.
The resolution was then passed by
unanimous   vote.
This flagrant violation of tbe principles of their respective parties by
the Conservative and Socialist members has not. as yet been heralded
from tho house tops by the Liberal
press. When the Socialist members
vote with the Conservatives, or vice
versa, against some Liberal legislation, the unholy alliance is pointed
out vigorously and painted in the
blackest colors. While usually so
keen in detecting any departure from
political rectitude it seems strange
that this instance of it should be
overlooked. Or is it that an alliance
made with Liberals is holy and
those made against them unholy?
The two Japanese comrades Nishi-
kawa and Kataku, who as publishers
of the Heirmin Shimbun in Tokyo,
published a translation of the Communist Manifesto, have been sentenced to terms of imprisonment for the
offence. The former got seven and
the latter five months, and each were
also fined fifty yen. The printing
plant was confiscated. Capitalist
rule is very much the same in whatever country found.
155 Ctrfeva St. Weit,
Vancouver. II
Vancouver Co-Operative Associate
532 Westminster Avenue
Positively the Best Bread in the CI
Telephone 1734
C. N. Lee, Manan
A Union Shop and Endorsed by Every Union in Vancoun
Do You Want the U of ftqttyj
We Sell the Very Best in the Way of
Light at Prices that Cannot be Beaten
B. C. Electric Railway Co.c,rMr «?££,,
**■■■ '    -  ...___	
, B. C.


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