BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Clarion Jun 18, 1904

Item Metadata


JSON: wclarion-1.0318636.json
JSON-LD: wclarion-1.0318636-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): wclarion-1.0318636-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: wclarion-1.0318636-rdf.json
Turtle: wclarion-1.0318636-turtle.txt
N-Triples: wclarion-1.0318636-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: wclarion-1.0318636-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array (ja.>r
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, June 18, 1904.
SBkaerlption Price
Pn ybak
What Ni Matt Oa Ta Frae Hiatal! Fraai llavary.
|; He who has eyes to see and ears
i? i) hear may well look with concern
ijji the immediate future. The atmos-
©here is even now surcharged with
Sjjjhc electricity of a coming social
Itlorm of world-wide extent, of
greater magnitude and more far-
Js-aching consequences to mankind
ipjan has yet occurred in the world's
B The world of today is ruled by cap-
»lal.    Capital  is not a human thing.
«f|j possesses no human attribute other
Cjan   that   of   fear.    Conscience   and
jfij-bnor are" unknown to it, of common
Recency it  has  no knowledge.    The
|'=f*ily thing it does know and respect
_Ja surplus value wrung from the pro-
|Bicers of wealth.   When that surplus
■rfelue is threatened it becomes a prey
lt|) fear, and if the threat continues it
pjnmasks and stands forth as the incarnation of all that is vile, unscrupulous and ferocious.   Capital is to the
jody  social  what  the  tape-worm  is
the  human    body, and  like  that
oublesome   creature  it   feeds   upon
■hat should go to sustain the body
,-itliin which it exists.   Its dictum is
:ed me, or you shall not be allowed
feed yourself.    Like   the    human
|ody, the health of the social body
.n not be assured until the last ves-
|ge of the tape-worm capital is ex-
f|« The most fruitful field in which to
[finely the rule of capital in all of its
lakcdness    is    today   the    U. S. of
Imerica.    It is there that it has well-
ggh   stripped   itself   of   all   pretence
ltd hypocrisy, and now
: nunciates Its Dictum by the Power
of Sheer Brute Force.
lit no longer pretends to ob-
lr>e constitutions, declarations of
"dependence, bills of rights or other
iritten instruments, or laws it one
.ie professed to follow and respect,
it ruthlessly enforces its edicts hy
sac exercise of the conscienceless
Id brutal  military arm  of  govern-
Rnt ...
...In the Ia9t  analysis    the    organic
Hwth of capital must of necessity
I 11 back upon
;'W Liw of "Might Makes   Right,"
a jiich is the basic law under-
~4ng the growth and develop-
iti! of all organic life. In obedi-
qce to this and in sheer self-defence
jpit.il at the opportune moment says
3 hell with the constitution," or
p hell with habeas corpus," as ex-
Jessed by Gen. Bell in Colorado not
W since. Alien labor and anti-
tfepiracy laws are utterly ignored,
jd such action is upheld by servile
•Ji'ts, a? jn the case of the Vancou-
I Engineering Works recently. Bull
is are filled with men guilty of no
3 it, and arrested withe ut process
!3law, other than the law of might.
the sole crime of refusing to
. i e., feed the tape-worm cap-
with    surplus    value,   men   are
From   Their   Families   and
Driven From Their Homes
t point of the bayonet.
at   these    things are happening
in    Colorado    every    person
1    tL'   ^° caP l^e climax, however,
:?|   ten or more men were blown to
's  recently   by   an   explosion   of
nite placed  under a  depot  platan d  a  prostitute press  spreads
M broadcast  the  talc   that  this
e'enmitted by striking miners.
"he.Prostitute Press of Today
as levoiS^   of    shame   as   capital
If.  That  .y>  evidence  has  as  yet
11 flscoyereaVn any way conne'et-
Mie striking .-iacrs with this in-
"us act  cuts  no jay with   such  a
W-.   .Should it be fnrffe clear later
■that  tns  dastardly act  had  been
ffffimitted  at   the  instigation  of  the
T°wners the blush of shame upon
peek of these prostitutes of the
J would be as conspicuous by its
Wjce,  as   it   would   be   upon     the
¥ Of the abandoned woman of the
] favorite    method  of  capital  by
. "  to  easily    bring    its    victims
W"n the reach of the military, has
,,   tor  its  courts  to issue   injunc-
II against this, that, or the other
Failure     lo     observe     the
.791 irements   of   the   injunction,   im-
:L;i;iately  brings    down    upon  them
!,|jnilitary power, and they are shot
■I I'J'onctted into a due respect for
,.™;Jiaw.    The latest achievement in
J* i| "Junction line has occurred in the
•v ,| er of the Santa Fe railway and
|||>achinist9.   The latter have been
■lined by the   U. 3.   Court from
jj|riking Against the Company.
'■|[is action was called forth by the
■Hull  V *uch strike occurring as
I•'PJ, ,l°   certain disagreements be-
l" ,he railway company and its
|py««.      To fail to observe the
B» L°n means to be driven back
.«Jk at the point of the bayonet.
||f tape-worm    must be   fed  no
i|"rwhat the cost.
JT!i»llst .Property strips itself of
H'wonality of its owner once it
mnl under    control of the stock
I f0W °r corporation.   The holder
Kk'   f ln a company may be a per-
Hii.ilv0d    Principles; he may be
Jr9 ,0 a  superlative  degree;  he
I W '' charitable and philanthropic,
P' sess  all  other supposed  vir-
' °   the stock company in which
he holds shares, has "neither soul to
save, heart to feel, nor body to kick."
It "is a being composed of the circulating process  of capital."
The circulating process of capital
consists of wringing "surplus value"
from labor in the process of wealth
production. By this token it lives
and grows. If the stream of surplus
value be interrupted, it dies.
Capital embodied in the joint stock
company of today rules the world. It
is a veritable monster, unmindful
alike of the better nature of its
owners and its victims. The owners
of capital are as powerless to control
it as are its victims. So long as capital remains it must and will rule
with an iron hand. The tape-worm
must be fed at all costs.
As the human body must rid itself
of the tape-worm in order to regain
So Must the Social Body Rid Itself
of Capital.
To deal with this matter implies the
necessity of dealing with the owners
of capital, that is, the capitalist
class. As this class by virtue of its
ownership, maintains a parasite existence upon the thing it owns, i. e.,
capital, it has no interest in the abolition of capital.
The working class, however, has
every interest in the abolition of capital, inasmuch as all of the surplus
value accruing to capital represents
the unpaid toil of the workers. The
conflict arises then between the capitalist class and the working class.
A War to the Knife and the Knife to
the Hilt,
the former struggling to maintain
the supremacy of capital, the latter
to effect its overthrow. The former
to preserve it, the latter to destroy it.
Marx explains that the means of
wealth production, and resource* of
the earth are capital only under certain circumstances, i. e., when used to
exploit labor. When used, by the
owner himself they are not capital. It
then follows that to destroy capital
and abolish the capitalist class, does
not imply the destruction of a single
tool, implement or resource, nor the
taking of a human life. To effect all
of this it is necessary only that the
Seise Control of the Powera of Government
and use such powers for the purpose
of transferring title of ownership in
the means of wealth production from
the capitalists as a collective body
into the hands of the workers as a
collective body. This done, capital
and capitalists have been relegated to
the lumber room of history along
with many other vile creations.
The many startling and significant
events occurring, especially throughout the United States, at the present
time, ought to point out to the working man the nature of the conflict
before him, and the character of the
enemy. It should make clear the
method of warfare necessary and the
sort of arms to be used. Beyond
question, these events should make
clear the uncompromising class war
that will soon be on between the battalions of labor and the cohorts of
capital. The dullest and most stupid
should by this time realize that the
slogan of either side in. this class war
must be "no surrender," and "no
There can be nothing in common
between capital and labor. There can
be no temporizing, no compromise.
It is a fight to a finish, and the
sooner finished the better. Nothing
short of revolutionary action can
appeal to an awakening working
class. To that music alone will it
The Socialist movement is essenti
ally a revolutionary movement.   Recognizing   the    helplessness    of   the
workers so long as their
Labor   Power   Is   Held as a Commodity
in the market, and realizing that as a
commodity it must remain while capital rules, if it be worthy the name of
a Socialist movement it must stick to
the revolutionary program of the international working class. It cannot
"putter" over reforms and makeshifts.
To do so is to deny the class war
and  its revolutionary outcome.
In the face of all the evidence so
plentifully supplied by the capitalist
regime, of the imperative necessity of
class-conscious action upon the part
of the workers in their struggle with
capital, there met In the citv of Chicago last month in the name of a
Socialist Party, a convention of delegates, the majority of whom were evidently without conception of the
Socialist movement, and to whom
revolutionary action by the workers
was but a lip phrase. The platform
adopted by that body is perhaps the
most grotesque document ever drafted by any political party on earth.
In fact it expresses nothing unless it
might be the utter confusion and
hopeless muddle in which its authors
found themselves. To indulge in
long-winded disquisitions about "Am-
erical institutions," "liberty," "world
processes," "blossoming of our common humanity," at this stage of
the game, is    equivalent    to    setting
down in the face of an unscrupulous
and well-armed enemy, to indulge in
writing poetry, cultivating posies, or
indulging in "pipe dreams." To commit such folly is to be conquered.
This is no time to promulgate long-
winded phrases and meaningless platitudes. The hour demands from the
political movement of labor
A Short, Sharp and Decisive Statement of Its Programme,
couched in such language  that
the plain everyday working man may
grasp its meaning. This Chicago production in no way meets the requirements. Along with the trade union
and other resolutions adopted, and
the so-called working program formulated it exceeds in flatness any
previous production that ever happened. Small wonder that a howl
was put up by those who were imbued with revolutionary ideas.
Little use for well-meaning members to beg that harmony prevail, at
least until after the election is over.
Like "Banquo's ghost" the ridiculous
action of this convention, as expressed in its platform, etc., will not down.
Those responsible for the platform
and other pronouncements have been
dubbed "opportunists," those who
stand in opposition "impossibilists."
The names are equally appropriate,
and may be worn by the respective
parties with equal dignity. The
former being a majority had the
oportunity to show their muddle-
headedness and right royally they
rose to the occasion. The latter,
whose stomachs were of revolutionary
fibre, could not stand such a dose of
"Herronesque ipecac." They proceeded to spew it out into the faces of
those who administered it. It was
impossible to retain it.
The clear-cut and uncompromising
attitude of the Socialist Party of B.
C. stands out in striking contrast to
the halting or confused attitude of
the Socialist Party in the U. S. Its
platform is short, sharp and to the
point. It recognizes the more than
doubtful value of all remedial measures under the rule of capital, and
fully   realizes   that     even   the   small
measure of value contained in such,
can only be attained by the workers
first capturing the control of the
reins of power.
The political platform of capital
stripped of useless verbiage, sham
and hypocrisy, may be summed up in
few words, as follows: "Capitalist
class ownership of the means of
wealth production, and production
for the profit of the owners." The
political platform of labor is the antithesis of this, or "working class
ownership of the means of wealth
production, and production for the
use of the owners." In this very
antithesis lies the revolutionary character of the labor movement, and this
is more clearly set forth in the platform of the Socialist Party of B. C,
than in the platform of any other
political party which has come to our
The party, therefore, maintaining
its position to be correct has thus
far refused to stultify itself, by silly
reasoning, ridiculous resolutions, and
"grotesque" working programs. The
success already attained by,the party
has been undoubtedly due to the correctness of its position, and the consequent revolutionary ring to its
utterances. By these tokens alone
can a politcal party expect to command the confidence of the hosts of
labor and stir them to action.
With confidence in the working
class of which it is a part, and of
whose interests it is the political expression, and with equal confidence in
itself and the future, the Socialist
Party of B. C. proposes "to fight it
out on this line if it takes all summer."
To those of proletarian fibre who,
while hungering for the life-giving
doctrine of labor's emancipation, have
been offered the dry and unnutritK'is
husks of "middle-class" confusion
prepared by "briefless barristers, pul-
pitless professors, euphonious editors
and other itinerant intellectuals," we
recommend the platform of the Socialist Party of B. C. for adoption.
Meeting with our approval we adopted it. If it meets with their approval
we are impelled to say, "Go thou
and do likewise."
da laaat a Daaaeratiaa Fraai Jta-Owaart' Staatfaalat.
In referring to the Colorado situation, many of our esteemed contemporaries lament that such occurrences
happen under the "stars and stripes,"
the "emblem of liberty," as they term
The only liberty it ever stood for
was the liberty of the American
manufacturing and commercial class,
to plunder the American working
class and dispose of the stolen goods
without interference upon the part of
its English prototype.
So-called national flags are the
respective "trade marks of the industrial and commercial brigands and
pirates of the various countries." They
are "emblems of the liberty" to plunder and profit only.
The  "stars  and  stripes"  is  typical
of them all. Wherever it floats it
indicates that American goods have
the supremacy; that American "brigands and pirates" are in control.
When it was finally hoisted over
Porto Rico, the Hawaiian islands
and the Philippines, it signified the
successful conclusion of various marauding expeditions, at the hands of
the American brigand.
The mine and smelter owners of
Colorado are exercising their liberties
in San Miguel and San Juan counties at the present time. Such are
the liberties of which the "stars and
stripes" is the "emblem." A flag
which stands for the present system
of brutal exploitation, commercial
deceit and hypocrisy, could be desecrated only by writing words of
truth across its folds. Moyer and
Haywood should be severely punished.
We learn from the Winnipeg
"Voice" that John T. Mortimer, who
was recently arrested in that city for
speaking at a Socialist street meeting, was when brought into court,
"charged under the common law of
England with obstructing the streets
and being a nuisance." After hearing
the case the judge dismissed Mortimer upon the grounds that he had
committed  no  infraction  of  the  law.
Any one loaded with the brand of
ammunition carried by John T., and
with the courage to use it, must of
necessity be considered a "nuisance"
by the likes of that conscienceless,
profit-hungry bunch of cockroaches
which rules Winnipeg. Out of
friendly regard for John T. we are
inclined to be pleased over his discharge from custody, but by no
means disposed to allow such feeling
of pleasure to warp our judgment.
The matter involved is much too
serious for that. To the Winnipeg
"Cossacks of capitalism" John T.
is still an unabated "nuisance," in
spite of the judge's decision to the
The events of the Russo-Japanese
war again sink into insignificance
compared with the achievements of
Colorado's valiant military. Led by
the intrepid Gen. Bell, a detachment
of a couple of hundred soldiers has
succeeded in surrounding and capturing a strongly fortified and stubbornly
defended camp of striking miners,
some 14 in number, of which one
was killed and the rest captured. The
troops were met with and gallantly
faced a murderous fire, but owing, no
doubt, to the interpositon of a kind
providence, escaped unscathed. The
name of Gen. Bell should be recorded in the annals of time as the military chieftain who, as compared with
his own, made the achievemnts of
the famous Napoleon look like "ten
cents worth of dog meat."
Chas. Ganty, secretary of the Kaslo
local has "moved on." Who is the
new officer? .Provincial secretary
would like to know.
Judge Swayne, of Florida, is under
impeachment. He is accused of accepting from a railroad company a
free trip to California. When the
member for Vancouver was criticized for accepting free trips from the
Canadian Pacific he said at a public
meeting his pass was not given or
taken as a bribe, but as a compliment due to the dignity of his position. For the same reason his hatter
doubtless furnishes him with free
hats, he gets clothes for nothing
from his tailor, and his grocer would
not think of sending in a bill. The
member for Vancouver must think
the people of Florida have no proper
idea of the dignity of the bench.
Judge Swayne in preparing his defence, would do well to get the help
of the member from Vancouver. His
present address is: Ralph Smith, M.
P., Ottawa.—Toronto Weekly Sun.
The experience of the machinists
of Vancouver in attempting to protect themselves against the employers
by invoking the aid of the Alien
Labor, and Conspiracy laws, ought
to teach them that so-called labor
laws under the hand of capitalist
governments are farcical. It is beyond question that when it becomes
against the interest of capitalists to
do so, their governments will not enforce its own laws. Labor legislation
under such circumstances becomes a
huge joke, but so transparent it
would not fool a mule. Even a blind
mule could see through it.
Readers of the Clarion will have to
overlook many shortcomings in this
issue. Correspondents are urged to
send in "copy' in time for next week.
By July 1st the Clarion, like Richard,
will be itself again. Let there be no
delay—and a hearty response.
Clarion subscribers already on the
list will be filled at the old rate. But
watch the label number on your
paper. When it tallies with the
paper number on first- page, renew
Tba luit Will Saaa Ba Made Claar ia British Calaabli.
As far as labor and the labor market is concerned everything appears
to be quiet throughout the province.
The echoes of the little trouble between the Vancouver Engineering
Works and its employees have apparently died out, with the. possible exception of a few cases still pending
in the courts. Although it has been
rumored that some agreement was
likely to be arrived at whereby all
wounds would be healed, and the
machinists return to their former
jobs, it seems that such a happy conclusion has not as yet been reached.
Outside of this no strike or other
labor trouble appears to be in evidence at present in the province.
A considerable amount of building
and other work is going on in Vancouver, but that plenty, and even
more than plenty, of labor is on hand
to do it is beyond question. Idle men
are in evidence in no inconsiderable
The usual activity at this time of
year in the lumber industry is conspicuous by its absence. Many of
the mills and camps are running upon
short time, or short-handed as a result of the depression in the lumber
business. Many men who under
other conditions would be at work in
the camps and at the mills still remain in town idle. The lumber interests demand a tariff, hoping thus
to infuse new life into the industry.
To infuse life into industry by fixation is equivalent to infusing life
into a human being by hypodermic
The burning of the hoisting works
of the Western Fuel Co., and the
Haslam saw mill at Nanaimo, resulted in throwing a considerable number
of men into idleness. As both are,
however, being rebuilt, matters will
no doubt resume the normal condition at that point.
The advent of fish-traps into the
fishing industry promises to make
more precarious the living of those
who depended upon the fishing season
for existence. As fish-traps are a
part of the up-to-date machinery of
wealth prodaction they are in line
with progress, and such inconvenience as the worker may experience
must be borne until he learns how
such appliances ought to be both
owned and used.
As there is no railway building of
any consequence going on in the
province this season there will be no
opportunity for workers in that line.
The mines and smelters of the interior will no doubt run at about
their usual capacity, and as sufficient
men are at hand or within easy
reach, there is nothing to warrant
any influx of labor expecting to find
To sum matters up, the conditions
for labor do not appear to be appreciably better or worse in B. C. than
elsewhere. There is little to warrant
workers, now here, going elsewhere
with the expectation of meeting with
better conditions. There is nothing
here to warrant workers from other
parts coming with similar expectations. Wherever the workers may be
they should make up their minds to
remain and fight it out.
[This office will appreciate the favor
if Western Clarion readers will send
in accounts of such political-or industrial happenings as may occur in
their respective localities. This
would greatly assist in gathering and
making available much of general
interest that should reach publication. Correspondents will please
sign their communications, as a
guarantee of good faith, but not necessarily for publication.]—Ed.
the taking of a few bonds of the
country with which Russia is at war.
War is only business anyway, and
as it usually opens up avenues for
profitable investments, why should
not Russian capitalists get in on the
ground floor? They can best show
their loyalty and patriotism by the
making of sound investments, and
quite likely in their opinion Japanese
bonds are just now better than Russian. People with surplus indignation should preserve it for a more
fitting occasion, and not waste it over
such trifles.
"Death to Unionism in the Cripple
Creek District," is the decree of the
Citizens' Alliance. Every person
belonging to a union must sever his
connection with it or leave the district. The sooner workingmen are
brought to realize that the union position is absolutely untenable, the
sooner are the decks cleared for effective action. It is not a question of
shorter hours or more wages. It is
the abolition of the wage-slave system that the occasion demands. Concessions in the matter of hours and
wages cannot be forced in the face of
an overstocked labor market. A century's failure upon the part of trade
unionism ought to be sufficient to
convince anyone of the necessity for
a change in policy. To further waste
time in rebellious action is worse
than folly. Nothing short of revolutionary political action will avail. In
sheer self-defence the working men
of the United States must oust the
capitalist class from control of the
machinery of government in both
state and nation, peacefully at the
hustings if possible, "forcibly if they
Much indignation is said to have
been expressed in Russia recently
because certain Russian capitalists
took part in placing the recent Japanese loan. Just why the indignation
is not clear, as the credit of Japan at
present is A I, At time of repayment,
should Japan not come to time and
"make good" by payment in full, indignation would be due and should
be expressed in no uncertain manner.
It is to be hoped that the "patriotism" of these Russian capitalists has
not been . questioned by thoughtless
persons  for such  a  paltry  reason  as
Some of the Montreal unions have
discovered that the department of
labor at Ottawa, with its Labor Gazette, is run in the interest of the employers of Canada, and have demanded that they be abolished. This is
downright unreasonable. As a
means of gathering certain information of value to employers it is no
doubt effective. It also provides a
few "billets" not without value, to a
coterie of petty henchmen of the
party in control of the government.
As these worthies are scattered here
and there throughout the Dominion,
the small perquisites attached to such
"billets" become easy payment for
services rendered at opportune moments. It is both cruel and impudent
upon the part of the Montreal or
other workers to make such demands.
Cruel to the above mentioned small
henchmen if complied with, and impudent from the fact that the government at Ottawa belongs to the employers of Canada and not to the
employees. Working people should
in all decency refrain from sticking
their noses in other people's business. If they wish a government to
do things in their interest, let them
first get  one  of their own.
About 50,000 immigrants have been
landed in Canada since January 1st,
1904. The bulk of such have been
brought here under false pretences.
If the Canadian government has not
openly assited in spreading information that was false throughout other
countries and thus misleading these
people, it has tacitly done so inasmuch as it has done nothing to prevent others from so doing. There is
undoubtedly a systematic move on
foot upon the part of the employers
of the Dominion to provide themselves with a plentiful supply of
helpers, because penniless, labor from
which assortment they can have
their pick as occasion may warrant.
The past few seasons are known to
have developed a hunger among the
Manitoba farming fraternity for a
cheaper farm labor. This hunger may
be temporarily satisfied the present
season in consequence of this influx
of immigrants. However, the hunger
of employers of labor for cheaper
labor can never be wholly satisfied.
In this respect they are like "razor
back" hogs,  always  hungry.
The British government has discovered that terrible atrocities are being
practised upon the natives of the
Congo at the hands of Belgian capitalists, aided by the Belgian government, and in a grand-motherly way
proposes to interfere. The officials
of the Belgian government are charged with permitting "insensate, inhuman cruelties to be practised, in
order that they might profit by the
collection of rubber." With "the conviction that the fair fame of western
civilization was at stake," the British
government appeals, "not less to the
powers than to the Congo itself."
In view of the fact that this same
Rritish government has just thrown
its imperial mantle around the impounding of Chinese coolies in South
Africa bv the hundreds of thousands,
where "insensate, inhuman crueli es
will no doubt be practiced in order
that 'we' may profit by the collection
of gold," the consistency of this
grand-motherly poking of the nose
into the Congo may be easily seen.
What a dear old grandmother it is
At the convention of the Socialist
Party of the United States recently
held at Chicago, Eugene V. Debs, of
Indiana, was nominated for president,
and Benjamin Hanford, of New York,
for vice-president, to be voted for at
the forthcoming election.
At the recent state election in Oregon the Socialist vote showed a
marked increase over that of the previous one.
The result of the federal election
on November 8th next will prove an
undoubted surprise to many. The
Socialist vote will no doubt reach a
respectable figure. Much agitation is
continually being carried on and the
economic development is forcing the
The family relation between brothers capital and labor are evidently
much the same in Japan as elsewhere.
In the thread factories in the western
part of the country, there has been
already formed a union of employers
who agree among themselves not to
employ a man who may happen to
be dismissed from one of the factories.
* The Clarion needs the support
of every workingman in British Columbia. $1 per year. Five yearly
subscription cards, $.5.75. THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, B. C.
lie Mm Dm
Published every Saturday morning,
in the interests of the Working Class
alone, by The Western Socialist Publishing Co., Limited, at the office of
the Universal Printing Trust, Flack
Block basement, 165 Hastings Street,
Vancouver,   B.  C.
R. P. Pettipiece,
T. Kingsley,
Five yearly subscription cards $3.75.
Bundle Orders of 25 and upwards:
1 cent a copy. Five copies to one address, one year, $3.00.
Advertising rates on application.
iCIf you receive this paper, it is
paid  for.
Address  all  communications  to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch the label on your paper.
If this number is on it, your
subscription expin s next issue.
labor, the modern battle field. The
events there occurring are becoming
more intensely interesting each day.
The roar of battle draws nearer; the
clash oi interests more pronounced;
the combatants are coming to close
quarters, and in this the last, the
final struggle in the " long-drawn-
out battle for human rights," victory will perch where she always
does—upon the side which makes
for human progress.
In the struggle now on and
which must reach its climax within
the next few years, the cause of
human freedom demands that every
MAN do his duty.
Vancouver, B. C, Jink 18, 1904.
WITH this issue the Western
Clarion resumes publication. It is the intention of
they who are directly responsible
for its reappearance to leave no
stone unturned to secure its regular
and uninterrupted appearance in
the future.
For the past four months there
has not been a paper in British Columbia that under anv consideration would publish a single line
beneficial, in any permanent sense,
to the working class.
During the past few weeks events
have been occurring in Vancouver
arising out of differences existing
between the employers' association
and their employees of startling
significance to every workingman.
Next to no reference has been made
to these happenings in the public
press. No "moral has been pointed
to adorn the tale." The reason is
not difficult to discern. Every
sheet published in the Province
during this time has been an ally of
the employers, as against the em
ployees, and each daily paper of
Vancouver is a member of the employers' association and therefore directly interested in preventing the
workers from understanding what
has been going on.
While it is true that the principal
means of transmitting and disseminating news are at present controlled by the employers of labor
and their henchmen, it is none the
less true that with little effort the
working people could break these
bonds by setting up and supporting
their own papers. One dollar from
each member of the Socialist Party
of B. C. would long since have put
the Western Clarion safely on
its feet. No suspension of publication need have occurred. That a
greater interest is manifested in the
war between Japan and Russia than
between master class and slave class
at home, however deplorable, is a
fact that cannot well be denied.
The power now lying dormant
in the working class once aroused
must prove irresistible. To quicken
it into action devolves upon the few
who by their tireless and persistent
efforts keep the leaven working. In
the resuscitation of this paper a
very limited number of persons, and
those chiefly confined to the city of
Vancouver are entitled to the credit.
If those in other parts of the province who are supposed to be interested in the forward labor movement do not see fit to assist in
carrying its propaganda the Vancouver comrades will still press on
This paper will ask for no more
assistance. It must come voluntarily and as a duty owed to oneself or
not at all. The very least that
could be done by anyone conscious
of any real interest in the movement
and its propaganda would be to increase its subscription list by the
addition of new subscribers. If
comrades and locals will take this
matter up and systematically push
it the paper will soon be made secure. As such assistance does not
bear the taint of charity, it would
be the most acceptable to all concerned.
The Western Claion will endeavor to faithfully chronicle the
weekly happenings in the field of
NOTHER of those gigantic
swindles in the concoction of
which the capitalist brain is
so prolific, and which are skillfully
engineered through parliaments by
legislative highbinders, has been
skillfully perpetrated upon the people of Canada under the synonym
Grand Trunk Pacific. Millions of
acres of public lands, and millions
of dollars from the public treasury
have been granted to an unscrupulous and conscienceless band of
brigands of British, American, Canadian and other doubtful lineage,
and for which nothing is to be given
The Conflicting Interests of Workers
Owner* Reach an Acute Stage
Some years since the legislature
of the State of Colorado passed an
eight hour bill which was afterwards thrown out by the supreme
court of the state as unconstitutional. At the election of 1902 an
amendment to the constitution was
voted upon, establishing the consti-
tionality of such legislative action,
and making it mandatory upon the
legislature to enact an eight-hour
law. This amendment was carried
by a vote of over 70,000 out of a
total ot 100,000, or by a majority of
40,000. At this election the candidates of the Republican and Democrat parties elected to office were
elected upon platforms containing
among other planks a declaration
for an eight-hour day in such lines
of industry as smelters and underground work in mines. livery
member of the state assembly (lower house) was elected upon such a
platform, also 35 members of the
upper house. Although several
bills were introduced by various
members, none of them were successful in passing. The elected representatives thus refused to obey
statute books only insofar as by-
such conformity they can successfully protect those interests from
which tbey spring. Whenever the
emergency arises all regard lor
written law is cast aside, all constitutional provisions are trampled under foot, and measures, be they
ever so high-handed, will be resorted to in order to afford the needed
protection. Government is the instrument of a ruling class. It has
been termed an executive committee of such class, and in the last
analysis it must fall back upon the
law of physical force to protect and
defend the interests of that ruling
class whose instrument it is. To
those who understand, the ruffianly
acts of the Peabody gang of
Colorado thugs causes no surprise. Government being, therefore the instrument of a ruling
class, and administered through the
medium of the political parties of
that class, the lesson to be drawn
by the workingmen from the Colorado affair becomes plain.
If the interests of the working
class are to be in any manner protected at the hands of the government the workers must capture
control of its machinery through
the medium of a political party
which is an expression of the economic interests of the working
class.    With such a political   party
j   Our  Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
y Grocery Store ^
Cor. Yates* Broad St.
Victoria Steam Laundry
Japiiest Ctrlss as* tils Goidi
DO Pouglai St. Victor!*, B. C
Branch Btora, lS2G«vt. Bt.
Appreciate the BeaefiU of
Tomato Bracer
Clam Cocktails
K. P. C. WiNis
15: Yltei St.
Telephone 112
the polls, . Tired of awaiting relief,
the smeltermen in the works of the
in return other than that  which  is U. S. Refining and Reduction Com
evil. Resources of the earth which
have been hitherto untouched, and
which it is entirely unnecessary to
draw upon at the present time, are
to be opened up for exploitation at
the hands of these and kindred brigands. Thousands of cheap laborers will now be drawn into the Dominion to be used upon this great
enterprise. When it is finished
these will be left upon the labor
market as an incentive to the workers already there to lead the "strenuous life." It is unnecessary to
remark that the road will be left to
the brigands as a reward for the incentive which prompted them to
concoct the swindle. Whether the
legislative highbinders will be left
penniless or otherwise deponent
sayeth not.
During the building of the road
there will be high carnival of small
traders in "booze" and other essentials; gamblers, prostitutes, contractors, boarding-house keepers,
and other vermin bred of capitalism.
As it is an unclean thing, being
based upon the robbery of the
working class, capitalism spells
filth. Filth naturally breeds vermin: It is said to be an unnatural
parent which will deny its offspring.
Let capitalism father its own. The
above mentioned is but a small portion of its lousy progeny.
Should a legislative body proceed
to vote from the public funds in
the form of a bonus aid to he who
wished to start a grocery store,
shoeshop, peanut stand, chicken
ranch or shoe black stand, a howl
akin to old Ocean's roar would no
doubt go up against the use of public funds for such a purpose. He
who cannot see in the use of public
funds and resources for the purpose
of aiding the Grand Trunk Pacific
or any other capitalist enterprise an
even greater misuse of such funds
and resources must be as blind as
"British justice."
We are aware of the fact that the
capitalist class is in possession of
the reins of government in the Dominion of Canada, placed there by
the vote of the people. Whatever
disposition is made of the public
funds and resources is justifiable
from the standpoint of that class.
It is legal. The Dominion belongs
to the capitalist class of Canada and
of the world because of its ownership of government. The acts of
the capitalists through their government are called "public acts,"
notwithstanding the hypocrisy of
the pretence. This class numbers
but a small fraction of the population and by no means constitutes
the public.
That benificiaries of this swindling system approve of the passage
of these gigantic schemes can be
readily understood, but how the
duped and fleeced wage-workers
and working farmers can be induced to gulp the pill passeth understanding. That they do so, however bitter, is proven by the fact
that the great bulk of them support
the Conservative and Liberal parties, and the mission of such and
all political parties which support
the capitalist system is to administer the pill as often as may seem
necessary. As we hear no protest
from these working people over
this G. T. P. scheme we are led to
infer that it has been happily gulped down, and is now cosily stowed
away in some convenient part of
their internal anatomy. We beg,
however, that they refrain from
disturbing our serenity with their
moans and groans when it begins
to gripe them later on.
Mayhap they can allay their misery by gulping down another.
the people's  will  as expressed  at i in control of the machinery of gov
ernment, all of its powers are arrayed on the side of the workers,
instead of on the side of the capitalists as today. If there is one
among the thousands who voted
for the eight-hour amendment to
the constitution of Colorado and in
the light of the last year's experience who has not yet learned this
lesson his case is well nigh hopeless. His stupid ignorance is well
nigh akin to criminal folly.
Awake! ye slaves of capitalism
throughout the world! Break loose
from those bonds of assininity which
bind you to the chariot wheels of
the political parties of the class
(capitalist) which waxes rich, fat
and arrogant at the expense of
your enslavement. Line up as the
European workers are already doing, under the banner of the Socialist Party, the party of your own
class, that you may conquer the
powers of governments for the purpose of striking the fetters from
your limbs. Under Republican or
Democratic rule you are equally
betraj-ed. The treatment accorded
you at Coeur d'Alene, Homestead,
Hazleton, Buffalo, Telluride, etc.,
is punishment justly meted out to
you for your assininity. The intelligent exercise of your franchise
will speedily place in the hands of
your own party the reins of government, the chains of slavery will
then be stricken from your limbs.
Freedom will thus be the reward of
your intelligence. It can come
only as such a reward.
party at Denver went on strike for
the eight hours instead of the ten
and twelve hours then prevailing.
This step was taken only after long
and patient efforts  to induce  the
company to grant what had  been
demanded at the polls.
The strike broke out on July 3,
1903, and was followed on August
10, by a strike of the miners in the
Cripple Creek district who belonged
to   the same organization as  the
striking smeltermen, i. e. the Western  Federation  of Miners.     This
strike is still on and stands out in
bold relief as the most remarkable
occurrence of the kind in the  history of the western continent.    It
has been marked upon the side of
the masters by the most brutal disregard   of  all   the   constitutional
rights of citizens,  every safeguard
in the fundamental law of both state
and nation having been ruthlessly
overridden, in most cases without
pretext.    Parts of the state have
been given ever to lawless bonds of
thugs known as the state militia
whose only rule of conduct has been
the whim or caprice of a reckless
governor and a "tin  horn"   coterie
of generals, colonels and captains,
fit only to disgrace even the uniform
of the lowest and  most degraded
convicts.     The   acts of brutality
committed at the  hands of these
ruffians are almost beyond belief,
their counterpart scarce to be found
even in the annals of the most brutal and degraded mid-Europe feudalism or history of Russian treatment of political exiles on the soil
of Siberia.
The conduct of the men, upon
the contrary has been one of patient
forbearance under the most trying
circumstances.    It cannot be learned even from the news allowed to
leak out under the hands of a strict
military censorship that they have
been   weak enough to commit a
single unlawful act.
Though our blood may run as
hot through our veins as molten
lead, we are forced to take off our
hats to them in acknowledgement
of their forbearance and  courage
through these most trying circumstances.   Their action throughout
has been that of cool-headed men
whose   very    forbearance    during
these hours of trial firmly establishes their manhood and their courage.
The truly brave man never indulges
in hasty and ill-advised action. Had
these men under the spur of passion
given way to the alternative of assaulting the military thugs and by
such   open  violence attempted to
protect themselves in their  rights,
they would have called down upon
their heads the power of the federal
administration, and owning it body
and   soul  stands   the   same
scienceless and  unscrupulous gang ease with which it is obtained,
that owns the Peabody et al con-      /\1_»_ _j_.i_-j.i-_ j?__ ixr-i^„-»o,
temptibles that constitute the pres- _ One s admiration for Webster s
ent government of Colorado.    Had International Dictionary increases
such action been taken the conduct daily as it comes to be better
of the federal administration with known. It never refuses the infor-
the present reckless  "strenuosity"  -j-jj-- -.^j. an(j it -ever over.
at its head can be determined to  a _._!___ ___    ...  - _--«,» -# _,;„
nicety. The unbridled ferocity in- whelms one With a mass of mis-
dulged in by the ruling classes in, information lllogically arranged.
all history to protect their privilege | The st. James Gazette of London,
to rule and rob is being typified in England, says: For the teacher, the pu-
this Colorado affair, a ferocity along pil, the student and the litterateur, there
side of which that of a tigress de-, *» nothm« ***''lt «>VCT8 everything.
For Poultry, Game. Fruit, Fiib.'Vegctablei.ctc.
Our Specially—White Man's Vegetables
All the News ol All the World for All the
People nil the Time.
Vlcioiia Qenetal Agent tor Thr
Prompt and regular dailv delivery service to
subscribers.  Leave word with any news dealer.
P. 0. Box 444
3. s and 7 STORE STRBBT
Importers and Dealers lu
Hani, Bacon, Bntter, Eggs, Vegetables
Ttliphoit 296       VICTORIA. B. C.
*£-.!! Ord«r» r-onariy -A.tt-aa.A-4 to
New and Stylish Millinery
Up-to-date Fancy Dry Goods
COMRADES; strike at the Ballot Box
on Election Day, and be sure to
strike the
Rock Bay Hotel
When in Victoria
ARNASON BROS., Proprietor!
Minululurer ef
No. 8 Centre St.
72 Goverameit Stmt, Victoria, B. C.
Are You a Working Man
Are vou needing anymtng in Clothiuf
or Men's Furnisuligs, Hals Caps, out
alls, etc    If so, see
37 Johnson St.,
Victoria, B. C
MeCandless Bros
Colonial Bakery
29 Johnson St., Victoria, It. C.
Delivered to any part of the city.   Ask Drlrei
to call.   'PHONE 849
WANTED—Special Representative in
this and adjoining territories, to represent and advertise an old established
business hogse of solid financial standing Salary $21 with expanses advanced each Monday by check direct
from headquarters. Expenses advanced; position permanent. We furnish
everything. Address The Columbia,
630 Monon Bldg., Chicago, 111.
The Beit la the World
Mail us 15 Royal Crown Soap Wrappers, and in return we will mail a Beautiful picture, size 16x20; or for 25 wrappers your choice of ovrr 100 books. Drop
us a post card asking for n catalogue of
premiums to be had FREE for Royal
Crown Soap Wrappers.   Address:
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
con-1 value of its information, and the
fending her young sinks to the
level of the ferocity of a bleating
What lesson is to be drawn from
this Colorado affair ? The answer
to this question stands out in bold
relief if we will but see it. Political parties are but the expression
of economic class interests. They
can conform in their conduct to
laws already laid down upon the |O.*c.MKBKiAMC0.,PuU.,sprin«rneid,MaM,
The New and Enlarged Edition recently la-
sued has 85,000 new words and phrases, a completely revised Biographical Dictionary and
Gazetteer of the World, 8880 pages and MOO
Our name la on the tltle-pagea of all the
authentic dictionaries of the Webster series.
"A Test in Pronunciation" which affords a
pleasant and instructive evening's entertainment.  Illustrated pamphlet also free.
Every   phase   of   the   Typographic   Art  is
known and practiced in the iob department.
The Western Clarion
The Only   Labor Paper in British Columbia
Bex 836 Viscomr, B. C.
Social Science library
This Scries of Books is printed from New
and Large Tyt
Paper, and Bound
YD€  On \Ji
in Red Bilk Cloth, at the Fair Price of 75
cents  per   volume,   which   Includes postage
Rooers, M. P.    Abridged, with charts and summary.     By W. D. P. Bliss.
Introduction by Prof. R. T. Ely.
THE SOCIALISM OP JOHN  STUART MILL.    The only collection of
Mill's writings on Socialism.
A collection of Carlyle's social writings;  together with Joseph Mazzini's
famous essay protesting against Carlyle's views.     Vol. 1.
Vol. II.
his writings, together with a sketch of the man.      Edited by Francis
Watts Lee.
FABIAN   ESSAYS  IN  SOCIALISM.      By G.  Bernard Shaw,  Sidney
Webb, Hubert Bland, etc., etc.     American edition, with introduction and
note3 by H. G. Wilshire.
NEWS FROM NOWHERE.     By William Morris.
The   11 Volumes sent by prepaid express to
any one address on receipt of $7.50
17 East 16th Street,
Since the last issue of the Clarion
many matters of importance to the Party
have been dealt with by* the Provincial
Executive Committee. The new constitution which came into effect on January
ist, caused a little friction in some qnar.
ters, chiefly through comrades misapprehending the meaning of certain clauses,
which may have been worded a trifle
ambiguously. .- referendum was only
averted by much correspondence and
many explanations, and the membership
generally seem* now to have settled
down to harmonious work along the
lines laid down by the constitutiou.
The imperative mandate was also
made an issue for much discussion and
correspondence through the plutocratic
press having made capital of the fact, reported in the regular way in the columns
of the Clarion, that J. H. Hawthorn-
thwaite had declined to plfice his undated resig. ation in the hands uf Local
Nanainio. It took some time and much
ink to make it clear to the comrades who
had taken fright at the sound of the
capitalist "exhaust valve," that, so long
as no statutory provision exists for the
enforcement of the "recall," such a
paper is absolutely uon-efiective and, in
the hands of weak or unscrupulous character!', might become a menace to the
interest it is meant to protect, The fight
lor the impeiative mandate must be
made on the floor of the legislative
chamber, not in local or executive headquarters. At present the constitution of
the li C. Socialist Party makes no requisition of either its candidates or its
members elect concerning this measure,
which is, . fter at', but a stray reform
plank from the old s-hip of Populism.
| If, however, the members of the Party
consider it important, it should be taken
up at the next general convention, and
the constitution so amended as to cover
the question conclusively.
The system of monthly reports, pro-
vieed for by the constitution, has met
with only a measure of success. A few
locals report regularly, others not at all
—ignoring the monthly report forms
that are sent out each month end—still
others report occasionally It is very
essential to the solidarity of the Party
that the Provincial Executive Committee
be kept informed of the exact condition
of the locals.    For this reason it is urged
that the filling in of these report blanks
be attended to with the utmost regularity. In this way only can we estimate
the strength and the needs of the Party
in given localities.
Owing to financial stringency various
offers of speakers to tour the Province
have hail to be declined. The Treasurer's Stotement, published elsewhere, will
show that the debt with which we began
the year has been nearly expunged. The
Secretary's salary, on motion of the interested parties, was reduced to $5.00 a
month, at the beginning of the year,
thus leaving a wider umgin of current
receipts to apply on back debts. The
necessary articles for the uniform system
of bookkeeping, prescribed by the constitution, have, for the same reason as
prevented the engagement of lecturers,
not been provided. It is hoped To begin
the new half-year with a clean slate ana
all necessary facilities for advancing the
work of organization. Arrangements
are now being made to send Organizer
Kingsley on tonr again. Locals desiring
his services should correspond immediately with the Provincial Secretary.
Communication has been opened with
the International Bureau at Brussels with
a view to securing affiliation with the International Socialist movement. Pending
j the formation of a uatloual  organization
j in Canada, when two delegates will  be
I allowed, the Secretary has been appoint*
j ed   British   Columbia  representative  to
the International Bureau.
The Executive Committee, as well as
the party at large, has suffered loss by
the removal of John T. Mortimer, randi-
date in the the late Provincial elections
to the legislatuae, from the Province.
His position on the Executive Committee has been filled by the appointment of
Comrade A. Stebbings, associate candidate with Comrade Mortimer in the late
A statement of the work of the two
Socialist members in the legislature is
now under- course of preparation and
will shortly be issued to the locals for
use in further propaganda. Thirteen
locals are active at the present time. A
number of charters have lapsed owing to
the breaking up of the camps in which
they were situated. Others, like the
churcn in Sardis, "have a name to live,
yet are dead," insofar as any indication
otherwise has reached the Committee.
Locals changing secretaries should at
once notify the Provincial Secretary of
the change of address; otherwise letters
intended for the local go chasing over
the country after an official who no longer exists as snch, and who,  in  his hunt
for a job, has become a very uncertain
quantity as to location.
Throughout the months many schemes
for the resustication of the Clarion
have been considered. One reason alone
—a financial one—hindered their realization. At the last meeting of the Executive Committee Comrades English and
Kingsley announeed that they had at
last overcome the difficulties and were in
a fair way of realizing the ob?ect so arduously sought after. Upon hearing
this the following resolution, moved by
E. J. Burns and seconded by the Secretary, was unanimously and heartily
Eesolved, that this Committee endorses the > ffort of Comrades Kingsley and
English to resuscitate the Wkstkbn
Clarion and that we earnestly recommend the members of the Party throughout the Province to support the paper by
every means in their power, more especially by helping to extend its circulation.
It is also requested that every local
shall appoint a press correspondent to
report regularly the condition of local
affairs, the state of the labor market in
his locality and other matters of interest
to labor. In this way only, and by the
co-operation of every working Socialist
in B. C can the only labor paper in the
Province renew its activity and become
a real factor in the workingman's battle
for what he produces.
Provincial Secretary.
Total rectipts from date  of Convention to May 10 $390 75
Total  expenditure  from dale  of
Convention to May 10  420 00
Outstanding indebtedness:
R. P. Pettipiece on acct.  printing $ as 00
Ovtrdraft on Treasurer     29 as
Total f 54 25
Respectfully submitted.
ERNEST BURNS, Treasurer.
Lacks a Definite Ala.
The Australian government's efforts to
defeat an amendment to its compulsory
arbitration bill which was brought about
by the labor party, resulted in the overthrow of the Deacon Ministry during the
past month. The Labor Party having
been called upon to form a ministry and
that  party  being a minority one, has
caused the Winnipeg Voice to utter this
note of warning:
We are a long way from Australia and
so cannot be altogether competent to
offer much advice, particularly in view
of the meagerness of the telegraphic dispatches that enlighten us on Australian
matters pending the arrival of labor exchanges. With that duly allowed for,
the writer feels inclined to question the
wisdom of the Labor Party accepting the
first offer to accept power and responsibility if it has got to be at the cost of a
coalition. It appears that if the Labor
Party, not having an actual majority in
the congress, refused ti accept power it
would force the other two parties to form
a coalition government. This would
have forced then together, where they
belong and then the Labor party would
have a single opponent, the Government
party, and could look forward to coming
out of the next election with an actual
majority and taking office in their own
A political party, though it bo dubbed
a Labor party, that has no clear-cut line
of action leading up to a certain goal
may be likened to a derelict floating
hopeless upon an angry sea, bound to
meet its doom upon hidden reef or rocky
shore, or mayhap be run down by other
craft who pursue a well-defined course.
As the Australian Labor Party appears
to be following no well defined course,
has evidently no conception of the revolutionary program of the international
working class, and therefore uo point In
the social heavens by which to steer, it
will inevitably become water-logged,
founder or drift upon the rocks of opportunism.
A political party born of the revolutionary aspirations of the international
workiugclass will at all times steer true
to its course—the line of class interest.
It is only such a party that can safely
steer its course into the teeth of the coming social storm that is even now heralding its approach by the fitful gusts and
squalls being kicked up on the sea of
politics. As such a political craft
ploughs its way through tne angry storm
waterlogged and floundering craft to the
leaward or windward may hoist signals
of distress, but they will hoist them in
vain. The crew will not be looking that
way. Those who get in the road will be
run down. Power will be placed in the
hands of such a party, not by coalition
or chance, but by a class-conscious electorate.
Do Ton M the Best i Everything!
We Sell the Very Best in the Way of Light at Prices that Cannot be Beaten.
The Nernst Electric Lamp
Is the latest and greatest boon offered to the public, both for cheapness and
brilliancy.   Call and see us about rates, etc.
;| B. C. Clectric Railway Co., ^vEZXT*
For a Union Express
Call on Heywood Bros.
Telephone   1-3-54
who desire to promote the   publicity of  their
business should use the advertising columns of
The Western Clarion
Reaches Over 2,000 Wage-earners Weekly
You should subscribe for and read The Clarion.
Its columns are open to you ; it voices your
interests alone ; it fears nothing but the sheriff,
and can only look to you for support	
K,    O. R.    L. N.    M. T.    D. A.       E.
—, _~     ,       - WRITE  BY  SOUND:
■—• me    —a-,   meek .—*   g-ct    *^~>   day     j*    eat   -*—   neai
—v'meet —eps make   ^-^   tray ^-sr^-cake   —o my —»■—s key
TO BE memorized:
A, an — Can-—'Good—In    • . He   r   The* Will   \ Period
meet        me
That giving your girl or boy a business education is better than a life insurance, and what is more, it is cheaper. A course does not cost much. A
course is based on a cash basis, but you can make arrangements with us to pay it in instalments, if it is more convenient to you. What we want is to
train your girl or boy and put her or him in a business office. In another place in this advertisement you will find a list of firms whom we have supplied with
stenographers during May, and May is not a good month either. All these young people are on full salaries. Our young people do not need to work for
"experience." After we have placed your daughter or son in a business office, they would be able to shift for themselves. They have then climbed the first
rung of the ladder. There is always room on top, especially in business; it rests with them, with their own ambition, how high they want to go. It is with
them only a matter of will. It does not require genius to be a good business man or a good business woman, it requires application. It does not require even
a university or high-school education. Those young people who leave the public school and go through a business college and enter a business office at an early
age are more successful than those with a university training.        If   your   son   or daughter is now in the ofth reader, thev are far enough advanced.        We have to
teach them anyway, business arithmetic, business penmanship and business correspondence, in short we have to
teach them to use what they learned at school, in a business-like manner. However, after we are through with
them (and they can do it iu six months) they are settled
for life. They have a trade out of which they can always
make their living, but more than that, they have got something that they can apply to any trade. Too many tradesmen and mechanics are not successful, because they have not
studied business.
A large number of girls are very anxious to come to
school and prepare themselves for business. They could
easily raise the amount for the course, but they are unable to
come on account of the cost of boarding. If you are such
kind of a girl, and still ambitious, we will give you a pointer
which scores of girls have used, if you will write to us.
""idle do not
We   have   taught   the   old   system    or  over  six years.       A year and a halt ago we changed to Gregg's and WE COULD NOT BE PAID E sltuat'on>"
We had a boy 17 years old, acting as police court stenographer in Vancouver, in fact he was too young for the i'ob.       He was not a graduate, but he writes GREGG'S. §y» conven
BOOK-KEEPING. No other school can teach as we do. Every other school uses text-boohs. We have taught eight years without them. The result is thRt our book-kel^Sftre real book-keepers and office hands,
Employment during May was brisk. Although not usually a brisk month, June is better in that respect. The following firms engaged graduates of ours: B. C. Fruit Canning Co., Shallcross, Macaulay
& Co.. barristers; Taylor, Bradburn & Co., Cascade Laundry, The Fairbanks Co., F. Buscambe & Co., Drysdale-Stevenson, Ltd., Federal Life Insurance Co., Canning Co,, Eburne; New England Fish Co., Waterfall, Beasley & Co.,
C. P. R. Freight Office, Pacific Transfer Co., Yoho Heater Co., A. MacDonald & Co., Ceperley, Rounsfell & Co.       The  lately  appointed   permanent  court  stenographer is also a graduate of the Vogel College.
Mist !• Itatlia and UisirttMi to Aiprtciato Sscislrit Pnitira.
The study of the growth of organic forms is a most fascinating
• one. To watch the individual organism in the animal or plant
world gradually unfold from day to
day adding to its stature and its
powers with each step in its unfold-
ment, obedient to those hidden but
mighty forces which underlie its
being and force its growth, is a
matter of much interest to the student of natural history. The study
of the growth and development of
human society is the most fascinating of all. The study of mankind
is the most important of all. To
become thoroughly acquainted with
the growth and development of the
human race through these countless centuries since first it made its
appearance upon the planet, would
be to become master of all its
achievements in the arts and sciences down to the present time. This
it probably too herculean a task for
the ordinary mortal at least.
There are, however, certain conclusions which have been arrived
at and generally accepted by the
scientific world as facts, that are by
no means difficult to understand,
and if understood might enable the
race to avoid much of the misery
and suffering that afflicts human
society today.
That human society is an organism which has during the centuries
of the past evolved out of the most
primitive conditions and that such
evolution is still in process has been
recognized as a fact only during
quite recent times. While we have
a written history, more or less frag-
\ mentary, of the various peoples of
! the earth, extending back some
centuries, we have no means of
reading the history of prehistoric
man other than by such relics of
his times as we may perchance be
able to discover. These relics of
earlier peoples until quite recently
were looked upon merely as cnri-
osities, and often times thrown
carelessly to one side as of no consequence. In the light of modern
research, however, they have been
discovered of inestimable value in
aiding us in reading the history of
ancient man. In fact so great a
value is set upon them by the scientific world that large sums of
money are expended in outfitting
expeditions to go in search of them
in likely places.
The history of man could be
written in industrial terms. In
fact it can be written in no other.
The result of modern research
shows that given a knowledge of
the tools or instruments with which
man made his living at any given
period, and the nature or character
of government, the sex relation,
religion, in fact the social institutions of that time can be determined
with a fair degree of accuracy.
A study of the historical period
by Marx and Engels led them to
the conclusion set forth as follows
in the Communist Manifesto:
''In every historical epoch the prevailing mode of economic production and
exchange, and the social organization necessarily following from it, form
the basis upon which is built up, and
from which alone can be explained the
political and intellectual history of that
epoch; and consequently the whole history of mankind (since the dissolution of
the primitive tribal society, holding land
in common) has been a history of class
struggles—contests between exploiting
and exploited, ruling and oppressed
classes—that a history of these class
struggles form a series of evolutions in
which, now-a-days, a stage has been
reached weere the exploited and oppressed class—the proletariat—cannot attain
its emancipation from the sway "f the
exploiting or ruling class—the bourgeoisie—without at the same time and
once and for all emancipating society at
large from all exploitation, oppression,
class distinction and class struggles."
It will not be necessary at the
present time to follow out in detail
the growth of human society
through any of its proceeding
forms. That which more vitally
concerns us is the present or capitalist form. Suffice it to say that
the present system sprung from the
loins of feudal society, its predecessor. At the proper moment and
due to economic development it was
brought forth and its roots firmly
planted in the soil of privatete property in the means of wealth production, land and tools.
To study the development of this
system no better field can be foun
than this western continent, more
especially the United States. With
next to no feudal bonds to break,
and with a virgin continent possessed of unlimited resources at its
disposal this system has grown up
through all the stages from tottering infancy to doddering senility
almost within the memory of men
now living. Briefly the various
steps may be sketched as follows:
First individual and usually small
ownership of land; tools of production of a primitive character, chief
ly hand tools; the process of wealth
production a somewhat slow and
laborious one in consequence; land
and tools used by the owner in person; exchange of surplus commodities usually confined within narrow
limits. Under such circumstances
it can be readily seen there was no
exploitation of labor. The man
who owned the land and tools
used them himself and thus
stood master of his products—
the nearest approach to human
freedom since the historical period
began. Second the tools having
grown from haqd tools into machines, the factory supplants the
former domestic industry. The
ownership of tools passes by easy
stages from the individuals who
formerly held them into the possession of an owning class, who are
thus step by step freed from the necessity of operating them, and depend upon the non-owners for that
purpose whom they hire for wages.
Once the factory had made its appearance the competitive era was
inaugurated. Driven on by the
spur of competition the masters of
factories turned heaven and earth
to perfect their instruments of production and extend their markets.
The weaker succumbed in the struggle; the strong grew stronger. Individuals combined their capital into firms. Firms combined into
stock corporations. As this concentration went on it became more
and more hopeless for the individual wealth producer to attempt to
stand up in competition against the
masters of machinery. They were
driven by the score to abandon
their ont-of-date tools and forced to
enter the factories, etc., for wages.
As the weaker capitalists were
forced into bankruptcy by their
more powerful competitors they
were forced to add their numbers
to the wage-earning throng. Thus
the wage earners increased enormously in numbers, while the number of owners decreased in like
ratio. During the "hey day" of
competition the capitalists led the
"strenuous life." Third, the consolidation into one corporation of
the plants of hitherto competing
companies, thereby concentrating
sufficient economic power under
one management to control the
market The Standard Oil Company is an instance of this form of
The inauguration of this so-called
trust era marked the beginning of
the end of the competitive stage
amongst capitalists. When an aggregation of capital had been attained in a given industry of Sufficient magnitude to control the entire market in the United States in
that line, the death knell of competition had been sounded in that
particular industry, so far as the
capitalists interested were concerned. As the competition among capitalists diminished, the competition
among workers became more intense. As the instruments of production became more highly perfec-
tee and the method of their operation more economical through the
concentration of capital in fewer
hands the number of workers required to keep the markets supplied
was correspondingly diminished.
The competition became ever more
fierce until the conditions developed,
throughout this western continent
are bordering upon those of civil
war, and are becoming more accentuated each day. Today a small
handful of capitalists actually own
the great dominant industries of
this and all other lands. By virtue
of the enormous power placed in
their hands by such ownership they
dominate and control, thus practically owning, those industries that
are as yet in a scattered or unorganized condition. This handful of
capitalists are masters, all else are
slaves. This position they occupy
because they hold the reins of government in their hands. By no
other means could they hold their
mastership. This power is placed
intheii hatifcV«# their wretched
victims at the ^PL each recurring
election deyV^"
Terse and to the point are these
woafc from A.\M. Simons in that
fxcellent  littlel pamphlet,  " Class
^Struggles in Atf erica":
"Thus it is thatirom every point the
line* of a new cjfcss straggle are being
drawn. Upon, '..he one tide stand all the
workers with" hand or brain, from the
field, <*>* factory and the office, driven
together by the same exploiting force.
Opposed to these stands a little handful
of men, growing ever smaller in number,
ever greater in power, who hold the destiny of the world in their hands. These
men still control the press, the lecture
platforms, the great universities, the
schools and all the means by which public opinion ia made and controlled. For
what tremendous stakes they are fighting
we have already seen. It is tenfold the
ransom of an empire for which these contending forces are battling.
"There can be but one solution. The
trust and concentrated industries have
made prediction collective. Today it
takes half a million men to harvest,
transport and prepare a loaf of bread.
Yet two or three men may own all the
means with which this work is done, and
that ownership enables them to enslave
the half million who do the work.
"Yet these instruments of such marvelous productive power might well be
the means of freeing the whole race, were
they to be made the servants instead of
the masters; were they owned as they ate
used—collectively—-by the workers who
alone created them, who alone can use
them. Th» is the next step in social
evolution, and this is the outcome of the
last great struggle in American history.
"There could be no struggle between
capitalist and laborer under chattel slavery where the capitalist owned the laborers. This present struggle arises from
a condition where the sources and means
of national life are created and used by
one class and owned by another- The
struggle can only end when once more
ownership and use are vested in the same
"A return to the old days of individual
ownership by each worker of the tools
with which he works ia impossible. The
only alternative is to make the ownership correspond with the use; to make
the workers of America the owners of
America, and of the means by which the
food, the clothing and the dwellings of
Americans are produced. When this is
done the day of class struggles and class
antagonisms and class hatred is gone
never to return.
"The present conditions cannot continue. Every day the fight grows fiercer.
Strikes, boycotts, injunctions, riots,
bankruptcies, and industrial crises succeed one another in rapid succession and
testify to the unstable equilibrium of our
present society. The trust cannot be dissolved into a host of petty, quarrelling,
fighting, wasteful little industries any
more than the great factory can be dissolved into the innumerable, imperfect,
wasteful little individually owned tools
with which industry was once carried on.
"But when once these things are collectively owned by all the workers their
marvelous productive power will become
the means of abolishing forever from the
earth all involuntary misery and suffering. The natural resources of America
are sufficient to satisfy every want, not
alone of our present generation, but of
the manifold greater hosts that may yet
come to live upon this continent. Its
coal fields, its iron mines, its wheat
lands and cotten plantations are stored
with wealth sufficient to "satisfy every human want. Marvelous mechanical
creations, the fruits of America's
inventive genius, controlled aud operated by a nation of skilled workers, supporting no race of useless
parasites, can transform these
natural resources into forms that will
meet every want of mind or body at an
expenditure of human energy so slight
that it will no longer be avoided as distasteful toil, but will be looked upon as
joyous play. And the realization of this
stage of human progress is less distant
than many think. We have seen how
the long combat with forest and prairie
fc*« taught the lesson of rebellion and cooperation aud rcMttcl a. rM* particularly
fitted to fight the battle for Socialism
and to enter in and enjoy its heritage.
We have here no landed aristocracy, no
monarchical or clerical institutions, and
no moss grown traditions to block the
road to progress. The multitude of
wage-slavea who have been driven here
from other lands are ripe for the progress of Socialism, and the American
workingman will not long remain a slave
when once he sees how easy it is to break
his chains.
"America has been one of the latest in
the family of nations to take up the doc
trine of Socialism. Germany, Prance
and Belgium were counting their votes
by the hundreds of thousands ere the
much-more-numerous American working
class had begun to learn the lesson of
Socialism. But now the same spirit
which carried America to the forefrout of
capitalist nations in a score of years,
which made her productive forces greater
than those of any other nation, will,
when energy is turned towards striking
off the chains that bind her working
class, cause her to leap forward in the
race toward this greater goal of freedom
at a rate that will yet leave all other na
tions in the rear.
Some enterprising Kansas City parties,
in obedience to the promptings of that
incentive furnished so liberally
by the present system, have
succeeaed in carrying through, it is to be
hoped to a happy conclusion, a very neat
little stroke of business. As it seems to
have carried out without a hitch it would
appear that the promoters are equipped
with a very commendable degree of business sagacity, which should give them
front rank in the business world.
These sagacious business men, it would
appear, possess in no small degree that
acumen which is of supreme value to the
modern "promoter." They were thus
able to see that the labor market in the
vicinity of Kansas City was over supplied
with labor, and those workers who were
fortunate enough to have employment
were receiving wagea none too satisfactory, nor was their tenure of employment
over secure. That from such conditions
should arise the opportunity to promote
a scheme whereby a few honest pennies
might be turned should meet with the
approval of all buniness men, and excite
the envy of only those who had not the
opportunity to grasp It.
An office was opened np in Kansas
City for the purpose of securing labor for
the Alaska & Yukon Construction Company, which, it was alleged, was engaged
in the construction of a railway in Alaska. Circulars were plentifully distributed offering three yean' work and at
wages ranging from $4 per day for common up to $6 and over for skilled labor,
board  included.      Free  transportation
■a to be furnished from Seattle, and
the fare—J29.50—from Kansas City to
the Sound was to be refunded to all who
remained at work three months or over.
The promise of steady work for three
Best ef Everything
Negligee Shirts, 50c to $1.50.
Underwear, every kind, 35c to fi.50.
Attractive Hosiery, 10c up.
Belts, all aorta of leather, 50c to |i.oo.
New Neckwear, just in, 25c to 75c.
Yii iff Captctti If Yai Walt the Bill
A purchase is not necessarv when you
come here. This is a store where all are
free to come when they please, examine,
question and admire, and go when they
Successors to the Palace Clothing House
111 Cartevi Itritt
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see oar splendid assortment of
readlaf matter Try our hook exehsnge.
Ketntn two old books snd receive one aew
13 us 14 Aran III Mbit. Street
Mail order- promptly attended to.
years at alluring wages was sufficient to
provide many applicants who were shipped west in carload lota. About 180 arrived in Vancouver in one lot over the
C. P. R., and large numbers are reported
to have reached Seattle by other routes.
Upon their arrival it was discovered
that the Alaska & Yukon Construction
Company had no existence and the
whole thing waa a fake. The honest
pennies turned by the sagacious promoters were evidently derived from the commissions or rebates allowed by the railway companies in consideration of auch
large and juicy shipments. The $39.50
paid by the men was the regular fare.
The healthy stimulus given to local business in consequence of the successful
promotion of this scheme, is evidenced
by the broad amile f satisfaction spread
o'er the visage of Vancouver and Seattle
business worthies as they gathered such
shekels as remained in the pockets of the
men after paying their passage.
While we sincerely hope the promoters of this brilliant scheme reaped the
reward they so richly deserved for their
thrift, industry, business sagacity and
superintendence, we are not unmindful
of the fact that other than the real promoters, as is the case in the promotion of
all great business enterprises, may reap
substantial benefits, although mayhap
in an Indirect way. Our "Johnny-on-
the-spot" business men gleefully gathering the aforesaid remaining shekela is an
instance in point. Perchance the bulk
of these men will soon find themselves
str.nded, that ia penniless. To those
whe recognise the sagacity of the ordinary basiness man, say within 3000 milea
of Seattle, in locating shekels, and his
adeptness in gathering them in the
above "perchance" will appear at its
real value. A sort of ioo-to-i shot as it
were. If these men are forced to remain
in this part of the country their presence
will tend to correct the awful scarcity of
labor in the local market, by assisting ia
bringing wagea down to something like
a proper level. Thia happy result reached, the terrible heartburnings now inflicted upon the employers by being
forced to pay such high wages, wonld be
turned into these pleasing and comforting sensations which always accompany
increased profits.
By the reduction of wages to a proper
level no less happy results would come
to the employes. The present incentive
to overfeeding or gluttony, which develops the painful gout and the unsightly rotund belly, being removed it is not
at all unreasonable to expect the workingman to rapidly develop the physical
lieauty of an Apollo Belvedere, and the
graceful carriage of a Beau Brummel.
Let no one of these men shipped from
Kansas City feel aggrieved or injured.
Let them remember that the interests of
capitalists and laborers are identical.
The former are the promoters, the latter
the promotees; and though some may be
unkind enongh to declare this Kansas
City affair a swindle, it is but an epitome
of that which is daily practiced upon the
workingclass by the capitalist class the
world over.
Though the price paid may at times
appear to be heavy let us not begrudge
promoters in eneral, and at all times, a
liberal reward for their business sagacity,
their thrift and industry.
j "M»M»»MMM»MMM»ee
Burns & Co.
All kinds of Metals, Tools and
Stoves bought and sold
; Lojoen' Tools and Cooking Utensils ,!
Cor. Powell and Colombia Ave.
'Phono 1579       Vancouver, B. G. ',',
AH subscriptions to the Western
Clarion up to July 1st, 1904, will be
filled at the former price of 50 cents
per year.
From that date the subscription
price will be as follows, postage paid:
One year  $1 00
Six  months          50
Three months       25
Subscription cards will be sold in
lots of five or more at the rate of 75
cents each. When returned to this
office these cards will be good for
one year's subscription to the Western Clarion, postpaid to any address
in Canada, the United States, England
or the British colonies, except the
city of Vancouver.
The first article on page 2, this
issue, will explain to subscribers
why they have not received the
paper during the past few months.
Address all communications to
The Western Clarion, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
The principal reason for raising the
subscription price of the Western
Clarion to one dollar per year, is
that a considerable advance has been
made in the price of nearly everything entering into its make-up. The
cost of paper, presswork and composition is much greater than when
the paper suspended. There will be
some delay in the matter of this issue
reaching subscribers. The former
mailing privilege has lapsed because
of non-publication. Application for
re-entry will be mailed to Ottawa
with request to wire permission for
re-entry. This will of course take
some little time, but the paper will
be mailed as soon as the permit is
We urge upon subscribers and
friends all activity possible in the
matter of obtaining new subscribers
and in other ways of furnishing us
all financial assistance possible. The
brunt of the battle will be borne by
this office during the next one or two
months. After that it will be easier
as revenue from advertisements will
then be coming in. In the meantime
such assistance as may be given will
be appreciated.
This issue of the Western Clarion
is number 292. A copy will be mailed to every person on the list whether subscription has expired or not.
Beginning with number 293 all expired subscriptions will be stricken
from the list.
The number preceding name on
address slip indicates the number of
the paper with which subscription
expires. If subscribers wish to receive papers without interruption
care should be taken to renew in
time so that no break may occur.
If number on your address slip be
292 or under, no more copies will be
received unless renewal is made.
Give this matter your earliest attention, and if subscription has expired
please renew at once.
Rates will be found on second
page, top of first column.
After a suspension for a few
months, and considerable effort in
reorganizing the "financial" end of
the business, the Clarion will again
voice the interests of the workers.
Its fighting ability, size and influence
will be determined by the support
accorded it.    How about it?
Local Victoria celebrated the international Labor Day with a banquet, at which some 200 members
and their friends sat down. Toasts
were proposed to the International
S. P.; the B. C. S. P.; the Victoria
Local; Our Mothers; the Elected
Members, and the Women Comrades;
responded to in this order by Corns.
Reay, Cameron, Marcon, Mrs. Clayton, Hawthornthwaite and Mrs. Cameron. Regular propaganda meetings
are now being held in the Crystal
theatre, at which much good work is
accomplished. J. B. Osborn, of Colorado, has been lecturing in Victoria,
Nanaimo  and other island points..
Comrade C. O. Day is the new secretary of Local Hedfey. He takes the
place of Geo. Winkler, who has been
a prominent factor in organizing the
camp, but who now leaves for cither
Union Directory
When They Meet; Where They Meet.
mm Kvery I,»bor Union in the proTince is i„
vlte'd to plsce * card under thi» head. $1.00 ni-J
month.    Secretaries please note.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
Meets first and third Thursdays in
each month, at 7-3° P- m. President,
Geo. Dobbin; vice-president, VVm!
George; secretary, C. T. Hilton;
financial ; secretary, J. L. Lilley;
treasurer, A. N. Harrington; ser-
geant-at-arms, J. C. Kerr; statistician, E. L. Beuford; trustees,
Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thompson; executive committee, Messrs.
George and Gothard.
Vancouver Typographical Union, No.
226. Meets the 4th Monday in each
month at Union hall. President,
Ralph Wilson; vice-president, H.
Hubbard; secretary, W. H. Hunt,
P. O. Box 66; treasurer, John Wat-
kins; sergeant-at-arms, Jas. Webster; executive committee, A
Pelky, W. Pound, C. Grassie, W.
Brand; delegates to Trades and
Labor Council, R. P. Pettipiece, W,
F. Farrow, George Bartley, George
Brotherhood of Painters and Decorators.. Local Union No. 138. Meets
second and fourth Thursdays in
Labor hall. President, E. Holland;
vice-president, S. Foster; recording secretary, E. Crush, 767 Eighth
avenue, west; financial secretary,
A. Gothard, 821 Howe street; treasurer. H. McSorley.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiner*.. Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday in Union
hall, Room 2. President, Lumner
O'Brien; recording secretary, Urban
Chaplin, 2820 Manitoba street.
Delegates to Building Trades Council: P. McMurdo, and Taylor,
alternate, Greenwell and Rafner.
Delegates to T. or L. Council: G
D. Dobbin. J. McLaren, L. C.
DeWolfe, G. F. Adams and A. E.
Greenwood   Miners'   Union, No. m,
W.  F.  M.    Meets    every Saturday
evening in Union hall.   H. R. Parsons, president;  Ernest Mills, sec
Phoenix Trades and Labor Council.
Meets every alternate Monday
John Riordan, president; Edward
Brown, vice-president; P. H. La-
casse sergeant-at-arms; W. H. Barn-
bury, secretary-treasurer, P. O. Box
198, Phoenix, B. C.
Phoenix     Miners'    Union,    No.   8,
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Miners'
hall. A. F. Berry, president; John
Riordan, secretary.
Socialist Party of British Columbia.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Provincial executive committee: A.
R. Stebbings, John Dubberly, L. T.
English. R. P. Pettipiece, E. T
Kingsley, Vancouver; O. Lee Charlton, Victoria; E. S. Embree, Greenwood. Ernest Burns, treasurer; B.
Merrill-Burns, secretary, Box 836.
Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vancouver, S. P. of B. C, No. 1.
Business meetings every Wednesday evening at 8 p. m. at headquarters, Ingleside Block (room 1. 2nd
floor) 313 Cambie street Educational meetings every Sunday evening in OddirttowV hall (3rd floor),
Sullivan block, Cordova street.
Secretary: O. P. Mills, box 836.
Tfl S
V E 8 T
In order to ensure the success and
life of the Clarion the subscription
price has been raised to $1. It means
little to the individual, but much to
the paper. Don't wait, but send in
a subscription today.
"With the development of capitalistic production European public
opinion has stripped the last rag off
conscience and modesty. Each nation
glories cynically in all the infamy
that goes to hasten the accumulation
of capital. We dance, not over a volcano, but upon the plank over a lat-
rime which, to me, smells rather
1. Edward Bird. A. C. Brydoh.iack.
cuo. K. McCrohsak.
Railway Block., Tel. 829.   P. 0. Bex »82.
436 flntlsas Street     -    Vascmtr, B. C.
Electro Magnetic hsttate j&&%*&
snd Vitcopathle Treatment   Brinsmead Blk„
Cordova Street,    'Phone 10S6.
by Ban. Hanf :rd
Is tor sale at thl« offlee at 50o each, postpaid
Address:   Western Clarion,   Vai eouvcr   H C.
Two New Propaganda Pamphlet!;.
"One of the very best pieces of propaganda li'cr" '-
we have." (The Worker New York f ,
"One of the  best campaign pamphlets-•*■» pr.u^('"
(The Toiler, Terre Haute, Ind j
Another good propaganda pamphlet h■■. the same author
With which is printed
24 pages, illustrated/ pocket lize with red pirch-
ment cover. Price 5 cents) 25 copies 50 cental 100
ior$l,50- To shareholders of the Comrade Co-opcr.t
five Company at half these rates- Any socialist may
acquire by monthly payments of 50 cents a $5.30
share in the Comrade Co-operative Publishing Hou«
and thereby enjoy special rates for the Comrade and
other Socialist Literature
Comrade Co-operative Ca., 11 Ceoptr Sq.N.V,
A Criticism and History of i.
Anarchist Movement
The rsSrst sad arse asrsaat ef Annrefci--i -
poMkatd.    A suet aswsi*al asi trwwss-i
~U»I»!I SOUK l.l/M   ..
CLOTH,  12mo, 338 PA0E9
fubUthtrt Met,S1-S0--0UR Mat, 65 at*.
Pontagi, 10 tt: txtra
17 last ISthtt., NEW YORK
United Hatters of North America
.When you are buying a FUR HAT see to it
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed in it. If
a retailer has loose labels in his possession and
offers to put one in a hat for you, do not patronize him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits. The genuine Union Label is perforated
on four edges, exactly the stme as a postage
stamp. Counterfeits are sometimes perforated on
three of the edges and sometimes only on two.
Keep a sharp lookout for the counterfeits. The
John B. Stetson Co., of Philadelphia, Pa., is a nonunion concern.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, President, Orange, N. J.
JOHN   PHILLIPS, Secretary, n Waverly Place,
Room is, New York.
, ;S .»/w tyv-:..


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items