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The Western Clarion Dec 30, 1905

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 w
THE  WESTERN   CLARION
^ a^ammm'm, , ■-■»)_.    _3KB_B_^_^_i
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
thi" _
SlUSSS
353.
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday,   December 30,1905.
"_4
THE REVOLUTION   IN  RUSSIA
■ former Captain ol tbt Cur bodyguard aiakti Interesting Commentary oa
•vents ia the Maicoyitc Empire.
Tin- l
illowing arc extracts from an
jntcrestM.tr commentary on th,•Rus-
revolution, written by I. A. De-
[verskoy,   former   captain     of
J| Czar's bodyguard, in last  Sun
day
Times.
The statements therein are espc-
rlillv significant as showing the
" .„ 8nd effectiveness of a class-
Ssiciotts workingmen's revolution-
try organization in dealing with an
„f0«nt ruling class, whose iinagin-
v power, backed up by the most
itfocious and revelling brutality, has
|K.el, the sole means of perpetuating
,k most despotic government that
hai existed in the past century.
That the revolution in Russia is
by Socialists, who are not
but men determined
far toward thc co-opcra-
nwealth, as thc condi-
Russia   will   allow,   is   the
directs
mere reformer*
10 move as
live Commi
tions in
feature in the en-
most encouraging
tire course of current events.
Iyerskoy writes, in part, as follows:
•There can be no doubt that Russia is today in the state of a bloody
revolution. Before the conclusion of
peace with Japan. ?>*<>cracy could
havo avoided this by adequate and
i timely reforms—now it is too late,
the radical elements have secured
j the upper hand, and the government
become absolutely powerless.
Russian autocracy has repeated thc
mistakes of all other autocracies, as
recorded in the history of the world
-it was too late in its surrender to
the will of the people. In times of
great national upheavals events trans-
rapidly—-the political education
of the masses goes forward by leaps
and bounds, and statesmen, accustomed to the slow processes of public
Sought in times of peace, are always tardy in their decisions and action- What would suffice today
become* utterly inadequate tomorrow.
'After a complete  interruption to
I any news fur about two weeks, the
result of the great political strike,
have just received a number of
Magazines, newspapers and letters .
From St. "Petersburg, thc first practically free press editions ever issued
in Russia. Absolute chaos reigns
there. The government de jure, the
ministry uf Count Witte, called now
Ihe government of the 17th of October by the date of issuance of the
constitutional manifesto of the Emperor, is apparently completely powerless—it appoints new officers, issues usual ukases and orders, but nobody seems to pay the-slightest attention to its mandates. The government de facto, as unknown, unnamed council of members of various radical factions, exclusively Socialistic, controls all the channels of
communication throughout the empire, the railroads, the mail and the
telegraph, all the radical organizations uf workmen and professional
""en, and is the only power which
ads and is obeyed. But its influence
'" confined to cities and towns—in
'he country complete anarchy prevails.
"•he war with Japan proved beyond any doubt the utter demoralization and disorganization of the Russian army and navy. Following
events showed that the same state of
complete rottenness existed in all
'"her branches of government service without any exceptions. Bureaucracy failed utterly even in the
t'i'K of defending its own existence.
It had no nerve, no life, no strength,
wen its cunning and brutality were
"n,y a sham—it surrendered every-'
where—its struggle had no persist-
N'cy, no energy, no united front,
•he central government in St. Pet*
eriburg had VPry SOon  to cornc to
•ne realization of the fact that it
ould not depend on its servants in
'■>- interior, that these servants will
wga*n thoir souls to any new mas-
•*• M readily as they sold them
eretofore to the government. Au-
,ncr-H'y fmmd  itself alone  with  the
lab T-8"-1 the- Cossacks-the bugs' 0 of its imaginary power was de-
Wyed <|iiiekcr than thc most opti-
™" ic  friends  of  Russian     freedom
ca"W hope.
|0?"cn a complete overturn of all
I "'He tradition and conceptions in a
Is' country  has no parallel  in the
iW    "f lhc worl(1-    !t was    4n
L'l "^ Popular misunderstanding,
l-ini' "ightmarc,  which  sapped
I na^ppreSScd a great people for a
herd   !""   w'tllnu*   *-->y   re**1   power
Iron"      '     Ils   immensity  can    be
l^mpared only to thc depth of the
_'■  degradation  and  depravity
to which autocracy has brought Russia.
"The collapse and surrender of
the Czar's government was finally
brought about by the political strike
of railroads, schools, professions
and industries, a weapon never before used in a revolution. When, at-
ter the conclusion of peace with Japan, the political agitation throughout
Russia became universal, the only
organized force were lhe Radicals.
The great Liberal party, divided into many factions, was busy preparing platforms and discussing purely
theoretical niceties. It deliberated
while it should have acted. It lias
no active political experience, no
acting leaders—the theory of representative government is well known
to it, but the practical methods and
devices, the necessary preliminaries
and ways are untried and strange*'
The Radicals were prepared and
ready—for the last forty years they
have conducted many conspiracies,
maintained strong and successful organizations. Slowly, but surely,
they obtained control of all workmen's unions, of all professional and
students' leagues, which have been
formed during the last year. They
did not parley with them, as did the
Liberals—they did not split on academic propositions, but gathered the
organizations to their fold, and obtained the advantage of being able
to choose thc right moment. While
the Liberals were deliberating on
ways of desired channels for the political evolution of the country, thc
Radicals produced a revolution.
When the moment came, they ordered a universal political strike—and
the people obeyed. Political murders were met by gallows; street
riots and demonstrations by bayonet
and cannister—nothing could be
done against a universal strike, which
was conducted with all order and
completely tied up the whole life of
thc country. The govetnment could
not make millions of people work—
ii could not replace them, could not
iiovc troops or officials. There was
'■'ivhing left but complete surrender.
"The immediate future of Russia
seems very dark to mc. The Radicals are actually in power today, and
growing fast in numbers and
strength. They are organized for
revolution, not only in politics, but
in politico-economics also. Therein
lies the fundamental difference between the great French revolution
of 1793 and the Russian revolution
of today. Russian Radicals are extreme Socialists, mostly of the Karl
Marx type. It seems that they have
buried their factional theoretical differences, have absorbed the political
revolutionists, and will not stop
their w'irk of destruction of any
government until they will have had
a chance to try state experiments
with their politico-economical ideas.
Having so far succeeded in destruction, they will strive to get at the
new construction. • Tha-t is rhe
ground where 1 foresee the final
clash to come. The constructive ability of thc Conservatives is known to
Lhe less than nothing, for it consists
only of force and suppression. lt
may bring about many bloody encounters and riots, but cannot effect
any real and permanent reconstruction of the country. The Liberals
are divided and inexperienced in
practical politics—they will talk and
discuss, but should power unexpectedly come to them through some
unforeseen cambination; will not be
able to retain it and accomplish a
cure. There will always be a danger
of a military Dictator—should the
Socialists go too fast—and that is exactly what they are most apt to do—
a military coup d'estat will bc always
possible.' So far this Russian revolution is proceeding in a unique manner There have been no precedents
in any way similar in thc history of
revolutions of other nations, and
there is no telling how it is going to
turn in thc future. One thing is already certain-thc whole nation with
all her dependencies is in a state of
feverish turmoil, going through one
of thc greatest political upheavals
the world has ever seen. New forces
at work,  and  the whole peopl"
%s.s
are
bottom.
The
so di-
ls stirred to the very
elements at war are so many
versiiicti, so hard  to reconcile, that
idictions    of    the    probable
would  be  out  of
lified,
any   preel
course  of  events
place.     I feel sure, however, that it
will take years, even decades, before
the final results will become apparent,
-Common Sense.
Socia
Tl
"thino
nisin    would    destroy    society.
e*' might as well argue that sun-
-"*d   moisture   would   destroy
1)tc Planted   acorn-when   the   shell
■    '"' ''corn  bursts  and  drops  off,
l"y injury to the acorn itself?
icorn
it was before.
soci      • "'-l,ry  Socialism  wil  do  to
ItoZ-A* t0 burs* the shell and let it
of j„Jt,.°  son-etliing  more   worthy
'Kent human beings.
'" it
(Ofci
is
„l'.",rsc not! It just gives thc acoi
•!"„■'.'".l(; ,0 evolve  into  somethii
fl*J.greater than
Ultel
NOT SO GENEROUS.
thc
will,
"I wish," said Titewodd to
lawyer who was drawing up his
"to leave $25,000 to each of my employees who has completed twenty
years in my service."     "lint that is
Se"  li'" be a good ad.--C.evc-
lftC.durLo8pdponents often charge that
WANTED SOCIALISM OR SOME-
THING.
An average man on a tiresome
subject—"I am getting awfully weary
of all this talk about the dangers
of Socialism. Before the anti-Socialist leagues, anti-Si lectures and
anti-S. press began to howl, I was
somewhat indifferent about the matter. But the anti-crowd have almost made a socialist of me. As a
humble student of things in general,
f have believed that the world's output of food "nd wearing apparel was
at least keeping up with the people's
requirements. But I have had to
admit that there were thousands of
people, w"ho, througlh no fault of
their own, were not getting sufficient
food or clothes. Now it appears to
me that at the bottom of this mismanagement must be the governing
class. The G. C. have hitherto always been the propertied class. The
Socialists have never yet been in
full power in any country long
enough to influence the general conditions of that country. And the governing classes say it will be fatal
for that country if the Socialists do
get into power. This chiefly because
property will be jeopardized. Bah!
The cant and hypocrisy of it! Under
present conditions human life is jeopardised and a man's right to his own
body is almost insecure. The Socialists propose to make the world
better for life. The anti-Socialists
shriek that property is in danger.
Life to them is only of secondary importance. Present writer has seen
in a small Vic. county town (not in
a big city, where such things are
common) little children barefoot and
almost naked, without sufficient
clothes and no breakfast to eat. This
jr.rya***-*—-
tamm/tt
SI.0J
caused by the scarcity of employment for the father. And when the
parents support Socialism they are
warned that the sacred rights of
Property are in jeopardy. The irony
of it! Aagin, the swindling private
enterprise t' it runs the butter and
rabbit and sin. .r Ueged prosperous
industries of Vic. may be cited. Recently a company of this description
closed its doors—to be opened by
another company next morning. The
men employed by the "busted" company were swindled out of a month's
wages or more. .Had bread and sugar
—and not much sugar—for breakfast.
So finely cut is>the worker's share in
even supposed prosperous concerns.
Is it any wonder that they are rousing up? For these and many other
reasons this scribe is going bald-
headed for something—anything—
that will increase the sum total of
.human happiness, and chanqfe all
risks to property. Well-fed, warmly-
clad men and women (and their little children) will soon produce more
property. Mere property will, if
allowed to continue to rule, soon
leave no little children worth speaking  of.—Sydney   Worker.
 o	
Some of the beauties of government ownership under capitalism are
Set forth in the conditions prevailing
in the Australian Government printing office. Linotype operators on
day work receive three pounds ten
shillings per w-eek, as against four
pounds per week paid in outside
offices. A similar difference obtains
in regard to night shifts. Government ownership may be all right
for the class that owns the government. For the wage plug it works
out   differently.
HOW CAPITAL RULES THE LAND
While thi horrors, ol Revolution affile i unhappy Russia tho Oovo ol Peace hovers
ovor Soith Africa.
So strong is becoming the outcry,
even in England, against the great
wrong perpetrated upon South Africa
by the employment of Chinese serfs
on the Transvaal gold mining fields
that thc return of the coolies to their
own country must be a matter of
very little time, now, says "Fauld-
ing's Medical Journal." In the old
country it is the savage treatment
to which the coolies are being subjected by their white-skinned owners which has attracted attention.
The recital of brutalities which we
give below was written by Mr. Frank
C. Boland, a one-time Australian
journalist, and appeared in the London  "Morning Leader," last month.
Mr. Boland, after stating that thc
Imperial Colonial Secretary^ Mr.
Lyttleton, ordered that the flogging
of the Chinese miners "must cease,"
says: 'I now propose to tell you,
from thc evidence of my own eyes,
and from the descriptions given by
men who ordered floggings in innumerable cases, how various kinds
of punishment were being, and are
being, inflicted. Take the Witwaters-
rand Mine, for instance. The average number of coolies flogged daily
for one month early this year was
42, Sundays included. This information was given by the official whose
duty it was to make a record of the
registered numbers of those m|pn
who were  punished.
Here is the method of procedure.
A coolie is reported either by a
white shift boss or by a head-man
for an offence. Hc is called into the
compound manager's office, charged,
and given a fair trial (except where
the compound manager does not
know thc Chinese language, and has
to trust to his yellow interpreter.)
Then the sentence is passed by the
compound manager—no, is, or 20
strokes, according to the crime. The
coolie, with a Chinese policeman on
either side of him, is taken away
about ten paces. Then he stops, and
at thc word of a policeman drops his
pantaloons, and falls flat on his face
and at full lenth on the floor. One
policeman holds his feet together:
•mother, with both hands pressed
firmly on the back of his head, looks
after that end of his body.   Then the
flagellator, with a strip of thick
leather 0.1 the end of a three-foot
wooden handle, lays on the punishment seevrely or lightly as instructed Should the prisoner struggle after the first few strokes, another policeman plants a foot in the
middle of his back until the full dose
has been administered.
In another form of flogging, practised if not at the Witwatersrand
Mine, at the Witwatersrand Deep,
a short bamboo was used. The coolie
would strip to the waist and go down
on his knees with his head on the
ifloof. His tastigator would then
squat beside him, and strike him
across thc shoulders with lightning
rapidity. The blows, though, apparently light, always fell on the one
spot, and raised a large red weal, before cutting the flesh. During the
first quarter of this year no fewer
than 56 coolies were whipped after
8 p. m. one evening at the Witwatersrand   Mine,   the  dose  varying  from
five  to  fifteen  strokes.
At thc Nourse Deep severe punishment was meted out. Every boy
who did not drill his 36 inches per
shift was liable to be, and actually
was, whipped unless he were ill, and
could show that it was a physical
-impossibility for him to do a day's
work. A sjambok was used; it was
laid on relentlessly by Chinese policemen, the part of the body selected
being the muscles and tendons at
the back of the thighs. Even the
sight of blood did not matter. The
policemen would go right on to the
last stroke. Having been thus punished, the coolie could walk away;
but after sitting down for** a time
the bruised tendons would refuse to
work. Many of the coolies were sent
to hospital to recover.
At a later date at this mine strips
of rubber were substituted for a
sjambok. This rubber, while causing very sharp pain, does not cut.
After a time the mine officials found
that the coolies were not maintaining the monthly increase, and the
management urged the Chinese controller to "do something." He refused to thrash the coolies unless
they had committed some crime; and
being informed by the manager that
his policy would not suit, he gave
two months' notice of his resignation.
Meanwhile, the management issued
instructions, because of advices from
England, that floggings should be
stopped so far as possible, but asking that other forms of punishment
should be substituted. Thereupon
certain forms of torture, well known
in the Far East were adopted. One
of these was to strip erring coolies
absolutely naked, and leave them tied
by their pigtails to a stake in the
compound for two or three hours.
The other coolies would gather
round, and laugh and jeer at their
countrymen who stood shivering in
thc intense cold.
A more refined form of torture was
to bind a coolie's left wrist with a
piece of fine rope, which was then
put through a ring in a beam about
nine feet from the ground. This
rope was then made taut so that
the unhappy coolie, with his left
arm pulled up perpendicularly, had
to stand on his tiptoes. In this position he was kept, as a rule for two
hours, during which time, if he tried
to get down- on his heels, he must
dangle in the air hanging from the
left wrist.
Every mine has its lock-up for malingerers, deserters, and others. At
,the Witwatersrand thc coolies are
handcuffed over a horizontal beahi.
The floor is of concrete, and they
may sit down, but the beam is so
far from the floor that it is impossible for any but an exceptionally tall
men to sit while handcuffed. They
must therefore squat, and for a
change raise themselves in a semi-
standing posture. When released,
these prisoners stagger about until
they reagin the use of their legs;
then they take their skoff and go below to work. With the abolition of
floggingj, compottlnd managers are
now inventing other forms of pun-
isliment. In future, also, there will
be an extensive system of fines, and
food      will    be    withheld.—Sydney
■fl
FROM  PROGRESSIVE ONTARIO
The land el the saull Faro Mi Pritittvt laiatry belae tralaaJty breath! aaeer
•way el capitalist property.
This is a very backward district
and wealth production is carried on
as yet in rather a primitive manner.
Capitalist production proper is just
beginning to make itself felt, and as
Marx would say, the people here are
suffering not only from the development of capitalist property, but also
from the incompleteness of that development. Thus the soil from
which thc workers will eventually
realize their class interest is not yet
prepared for the harvest. By reason
of this there is no working class
movement here, and consequently
very little that I can contribute that
would be of interest to the comrades
generally. Nevertheless, he who applies the economic interpretation to.
the study of human history, cannot
help but discover elements at work,
even in this backward district, that
are effecting a change in the scattered and antiquated means of production that have hitherto been in vogue.
These changes are, of course, paving
the way for and leading up to capitalist production proper. This is, at
the same time, preparing the inevitable proletarian soil for the seed of
class instinct and class solidarity that
will in time ripen into the class action of the revolutionary harvest.
This district was once a great forest of splendid timber, which was
divided into limits or sections, and
owned by individual capitalists, who,
through the legislative bodies secured
title to one or more sections. This
ownership in comparatively small
holdings was quite in conformity with
the then prevalent method of felling
the trees and getting the timber to
market. This method was quite different from that followed at the present time, and which requires large
combinations of capital to operate.
The pioneer with the aid of wife
and children, cleared and cultivated
the soil during the summer months,
and during the winter the father
worked in the logging camps. While
it is true the workmen in those days
who felled the trees and got the timber to market, slaved hard long hours
for small wages and poor accommodations, still the pace was not so
swift, the work so intense, or the requirements so great as now, nor was
the worker forever haunted by that
uncertainty of employment that so
persistently follows him under more
highly developed capitalist production. The workers in those days
were not compelled to depend wholly upon wages for their living. For
at least a portion of the year they
found respite from wage-slavery upon their little farms, from which
they raised at least a goodly portion
of the needful things required for the
sustenance of themselves and families. They were always led on by
the hope of in time extending their
clearings to such proportions as
would afford them a living without
going into the wage market at all.
But, as after events prove, they hoped in vain. But where that hope exists, the parson, the politician and
other underlings—who do the dirty
work and serve as apologists for the
ruling class—have great success.
Their mission is to keep the workers
divided and in consideration of this
they are allowed a share of the plunder taken from labor. Divide and
rule, is an old French proverb. In
order to rule successfully, i t is
necessary to keep the workers divided. This the underlings do through
their religious, political, insurance,
benevolent and other organized
schemes. While thc workers are
kept busy hurling bricks at each other, figuratively speaking, the process
of dispossessing them of their small
means of production and reducing
them to the level of victims of the
wage-shambles of capitalist production, goes merrily on. Under capitalist production proper, the uncertainty of employment, and particularly of steady employment, coupled
with an ever more meagre wage and
continually intensified labor, forces
the workers to do a little serious
thinking on their own account. As
the class lines become more clearly
drawn, even the most stupid among
them awaken to their class interest.
To the extent they think for -themselves and become conscious of their
class interests, to that extent do the
underlings and apologists of capital
lose their grip upon them, and to
that same extent is the power of the
ruling class over them weakened.
In this part of Ontario the cream
of the timber is gone. The railroad
is here and the owners of the little
rough farms cannot successfully compete with the produce from those
parts of the country, where the conditions are such as to admit of up-to-
date farming upon a larger scale. The
long-hoped for home that was to protect the worker from the terrors of
the wage-market in fast becoming a
burden rather than a shield.
Minerals have been discovered and
mines are being opened up and operated in modern capitalist fashion.
The owners of this capitalist property, no doubt bene tn ting by the experience of that form of property
elsewhere are taking time by the
forelock. They have their underlings and apologists, as well as the
female relatives of any of these who
happen to possess such, working
overtime endeavoring to attract, the
attention of the workers, particularly during that short space of time intervening between the end of the
working day and time to go to bed.
This is a short time, indeed, for the
least number of working hours is
ten and some of the workers toil
twelve and fourteen hours out of
every twenty-four. But if the workers were allowed even this little time
to themselves, they might possibly
get to thinking of their own material
interests, or perhaps fall into the
haibt of reading working class literature or otherwise imbibing knowledge dangerous to the interests of
the ruling class. They might even
go so far as to make impertinent inquiry as to why they and their class
are always worked like mules and
still remain chronically poverty-
stricken. It is well-known even to
they who are easy victims for. the
apologists of capital that with our
modern machinery and method of
production, we can easily produce in
abundance, not only the necessaries,
bua also the comforts of life for
every man, woman and child of the
human family. Yet the working
class, the only useful part of human
society, comprising fully 80 per cent,
of the people, know little or nothing
of the comforts, and many thousands
actually suffer for wa,nt of the bare
necessaries of life. But should the
workers entertain such thoughts,
however, how detrimental it might
be to the interests of the class in society who do absolutely nothing in
the way of assisting in the production of the world's wealth, but who,
through their ownership of the means
of production, are priivleged to plunder the working class of the product
of its labor.
The workers being without property in the means of production are
obliged to sell their labor power to
the capitalists. Labor-power is a
commodity and the capitalist buys it
just as he buys other commodities
in the market, the condition of the
market determining the price. With
more workers than jobs, that is the
supply of labor exceeding the demand for it, the price (wages) must
inevitably tend downward to the
lowest possible notch of subsistence.
The capitalists obtain and hold title
of ownership to the means of production, and keep the workers in
economic bondage, through the control of the political institution, i. e.,
the state.
The Socialist Party of Canada is
the political expression of that part
of Canada's working class who are
thoroughly conscious of their class
interests, and whose aim and object
it is, along with the Socialist parties
jn all other countries to organize the
workers into one grand revolutionary party, capture the reins of government, overthrow the rule of capitalist property and administer the affairs of wealth production and distribution in the interest of those who
do the world's work.
C. M. O'BRIEN.
Combermere, Ont., Dec. 20, 1905.
German capitalist papers are now
declaring that if "the worst anticipations should be realized, if the
Romanoff dynasty including Count
itte, be washed away by the waves
of the revolution," nothing short of
an incorrigible optimist could expect the "wave of revoluiton" to stop
at thc German frontier. The prospects are not very bright for the
ruling class of Germany to much
longer hold the workers in subjection for exploitation. Even "Crazy
Bill" is by no means certain that he
will be able to use the army for the
purpose of crushing an uprising of
the proletariat.   While it is yet quite
.
the fashion for a considerable portion of the German people to shout
"Hoch der Kaiser," it is not improbable that the German workmen will
put that distinguished lunatic in
"hock" for good in the near future.
 0	
The Iron Workers of New York
are having trouble with some of the
employers and are preparing for a
strike which will spread all over the
country. The employers, it is stated, have already enlisted the services
of the notorious Farley, who is arranging for massing an army of
"strikebreakers" in and around the
ci-y- „   ....   ,.1    .
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■■■a-
lhe Men Clarion
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the working class alone
at tha Office of the Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 165 Hasjtlngs
Street, Vancouver, B. O.
SUBSCRIPTION:  SI.00 PER ANNUM
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SATURDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1905.
ECONOMIC ORGANIZATION.
Here and there may be found an
occasional handful of busybodies industriously engaged in trying to
build up some sort of an organization of workmen against the time
when the revolution shall occur that
will sweep the present ruling class
into oblivion, and leave the workers
masters of their means of liivng, and
therefore, economically free. Just
how that revolution is to be brought
about these idealoigcal busybodies
seem to have little or no conception.
From the fevered recesses of their
imaginations has been conjured forth
the supreme necessity of creating an
"economic organization," the chief
mission of which is to be, as one
ot the most ludicrous of the lot has
put it, to "take and hold" the means
oi production, when the aforesaid
revolution has by some mysterious
process been brought about. Waving recognized the necessity of this
"economic" creation, their fertility of
resource arises to the occasion, and
in the twinkling of an eye the plans
are laid, and this new fangled thing,
that is in every sense just like its
predecessors, springs into existence,
and is heralded from the housetops
as the evangel of the coming time,
when the working plug shall live in
a glass palace, and hah jump from
the pond upon his plate already fried
for the eating.
Just what these harmlessly insane
busybodies fancy "economic organization" and "economic power" to be
is a mystery even to those who have
devoted much time to the study of
their peculiar aberrations.
lt requires no extraordinary brain
power,   provided,   of   course,   it   be
fairly  well balanced, to understand
that economic    power    means    the
power of wealth    production.     He
who owns, controls, or stands master  ot   the  factors  through  which
such power is expressed is said to
possess    economic    power.    He  is
spoken of as holding economic dominion over those who perforce must
have access to such factors in order
to    obtain    that    sustenance    upon
which their lives depend.   Capitalists
are economic masters, their workmen economic dependents or slaves.
These relative    positions are maintained because the former are in control, by virtue of ownership, of the
factors through which the power of
wealth  production is expressed, i.e.,
the resources of the earth and the
machinery of production.   By virtue
of such ownership they control the
army of wealth producers (the workers) and appropriate the products of
their labor.   The capitalists thus controlling  the  factors  through  which
and  by  which  economic  power   is
expressed, can and do effect "economic  organizations."    The  workers
controlling none of these, have nothing upon  which  to base economic
organization.
The economic organization of
capitalists are the companies, corporations, combinations or trusts. In
these are centered or mobilized the
enormous economic power that
crushes or removes all obstacles that
may arise in the pathway of progress along the line dictated by the
present form of property. The only
attack that can be made upon any
one of these concerns within the
present system of property, with any
prospect of success, is that made by
another of the same ilk, possessing
a greater economic power.   A capi
talist concern may be overthrown by
another possessing a greater capital,
ie., a greater economic power.
As a productive force, labor is today in a fairly well advanced stage
of organization, ahd the more perfect
becomes the machinery of production, and consequently the method
of its operation the more thorough
and complete becomes the organization of labor. But that organization
lies in the factory, mill, shop, mine,
railway, etc., and not in those combinations of commodity sellers,
commonly dubbed trade unions. The
force which has impelled the latter
to organize has arisen from the interest of the worker within the present system, in the matter of selling
his commodity, labor power, to the
greatest advantage possible. Owing
to the circumstances surrounding
many occupations it has been impossible to effect anything in the
way of organization along this line.
The force which has not only made
possible the organization of labor in
the field of industry, but has actually
made such organization compulsory,
is the modern machinery of production. Not only has this compelled
organization, but it holds that organization together as with bands of
steel. The workers could not escape
it if they would. Though the individual may desert the organization
at will if he choose, his necessities
will very soon compel him to return
to his allegiance.
The silly talk about organizing the
workers in shop, mine, etc., for the
purpose of "taking and holding"
these means of production is the
veriest "poppycock." The men are
already there and organized, and
when they shall have exercised their
political powers, seized the reins of
the State through their own representatives, and the mandate.has been
issued depriving the present capitalist owners of their control of this
economic power, these workmen will
to a man be at their post to render
that mandate effective in whatever
manner, or by whatever means may
become necessary.
The ownership and control of industries frequently pass from one
set of capitalists at the present time
without the employes knowing anything about it, unless, perchance
they read of it in the papers. No
interruption occurs in their operation. Under especially favorable circumstances the transfer from capitalist to public property might occur
with equal lack of interruption to
industry.
But whatever may occur, or whatever action may be necessary to render labor's mandate effective, the
workers will be held together by the
machinery of production, and ready
at a moment's notice to strike the
blow.
 o	
UNEMPLOYED.
While England, Australia and other countries are having an unemployed problem of perhaps varying
intensity to deal with, the man in
search of the job and unable to find
it is not altogether unknown in
"prosperous" Canada. Word comes
that large numbers of job chasers infest the interior, especially around
the coal district of the Crow's Nest
Pass country. The Miners' Union
at Fernie has for some time been
called upon to support 100 of its
members who have been unable to
obtain employment. That hundreds
of men are drifting up and down the
land in search of an opportunity to
work everyone knows. That no
room can be made for them in industry under the present system of
property must be patent to any person who has given existing circumstances any serious consideration.
A system of property that cannot
conserve the interests of those who
are forced to live under it is doomed and must eventually give way in
favor of some form of property that
will be more in harmony with human needs.
The interests of the capitalist demands that an ample supply of surplus labor be constantly available in
the market, from which he may draw
as occasion may offer. But it is by no
means to his interest that this surplus assume such large proportions.
A considerable surplus of labor may
be carried with little danger. This
surplus will manage to shift for itself in the thousand and one ways
known to the penniless and unemployed man, if it does not become
too large. Once it becomes large
enough to overtax the philanthropic
and charitable resources of the community it becomes a serious danger
to the ruling property interests. It
is liable to lose due and proper respect for the "sacred righta of prop
erty," and become a menace to the
"grave and stern decorum" of "law
and order." The surplus labor in
the market, as evidenced by the continually increasing number of unemployed, is already assuming proportions in excess of the actual requirements and safety of capitalist
.property. English capitalists would
at this moment feel more at ease
could the unemployed of that country be reduced in numbers fifty or
more per cent. That is what old
Booth is trying to do for them by
shipping large numbers of the unemployed to Canada and other countries. It is needless to remark,
however, that to whatever extent the
conditions in England may be relieved by such emigration, they will
become aggravated in those countries to which this surplus labor is
shipped.
The effect upon the price of labor-
power (wages) by the constant presence in the labor-market of this mass
of surplus labor in the shape of unemployed men is so readily apparent that even the dullest should be
able to discover it. Against it
wages cannot be made to rise. Out
of its mass of misery it is possible
to recruit the strike-breaker, scab,
deputy and thug requisite to the
breaking of any strike that may occur in the industrial held. Not only
is it possible, but it is absolutely imperative that whatever breed of vermin are required to conserve the need
of capital, should issue forth from
the cesspool of a labor-market thus
overstocked.
Against the ever-rising tide of surplus labor in the market, it is daily
becoming more hopeless to expect to
maintain wages or force them up.
The necessity of such action as will
free the means of labor, so that all
workers may not only find employment, but reap the full reward of
their industry is becoming clearer
each day. Until the resources of
the earth and the machinery of production are made free of access to
all men, for the purpose of supplying
themselves with the necessaries and
comforts of life at the expense of
their own labor, the unemployed
problem will not only remain unsolved, but will continue to attain
to greater and more vexatious proportions.
 o —  ■■
The National Grange and Patrons
of Husbandry, in convention at Atlantic City in November, adopted the
following resolution: "We, as American citizens, believe it is every
man's privilege to work as many
hours as he wills for pay; that energy, thrift and activity are entitled to
encouragement and should command
rightful compensation for services
rendered." The first part of this
would not be so bad, only that it occurs to us that the wage earner cannot work at all unless by other person's permission, and, therefore, what
he "wills" cuts no figure. There is
little doubt that energy, thrift and
activity" are quite commendable, and
"should command, etc.," but even
this does not figure out in actual
practice. The suspicion arises that
the N. G. and P. of H. is composed
of agricultural labor skinners who
have in exceedingly soft spot in their
hearts for "freedom of contract," and
possess the happy faculty of being
able to disguise their hypocrisy
'neath the mask of meaningless
word-jugglery, in true capitalist style.
 0	
The Chicago Employers' Association has formulated plans for the establishment of an army of 50,000
"scabs" to fill the places of strikers
when necessary. The scope of the
association will include all cities with
a population of 50,000 or more, and
regular "employment bureaus" (recruiting offices) will be maintained.
The chronically over-stocked condition of the labor market assures the
success of the enterprise. Of course
the wise guys of organized labor will
vent their spleen upon the "scabs"
rather than devote time and attention
to the overthrow of a system of property that not only makes such ventures possible but inevitable.
It is reported that Price Ellison,
member of the Provincial House
from the Okanagan district, recently
asserted that he would vote against
every measure introduced by the Socialist members during the coming
session. That is not only good, but
logical. The Socialist members will
not introduce anything calculated to
serve the interests of the class in
human society whose political servant Mr. Ellison is. If that gentleman remains true to the interests
that put him in office he must vote
against all Socialist measures.
The Western Methodist Book concern of Chicago is allied with the
Typothetae, and refused to grant the
demands of its printers for the eight-
hour day. This goeth to show that
although the concern deals in spiritual food, bound in various styles, it
is tun strictly in conformity with the
business rules of grosi materialism.
_ -o —
The big steam roads are now invading- the field formerly left to the
trolley lines. The New York Central and other railways are building
numerous electric roads to act as
feeders to the main line. These
days are continually bringing fresh
evidence to substantiate the doctrine
of the "survival of the fittest." Huge
capital is, of course, the survivor.
_ __o ,	
But a few days since the Chicago
Chronicle urged that "Socialist agitators be marked and kept in view
for a capitalist sacrifice the first time
the working class became dangerously aggressive." And now the
owner of the Chronicle, a fellow by
the name of Walsh, has gone down
iti financial ruin. In his failure he
pulled down with him three modern
swindles (commonly termed financial
institutions) of which he was thc
main guy. The sacrificial part of
this performance has been played by
the small dupes who have put their
money into these busted concerns,
all same York County Loan suckers
 o	
At Hamilton, Ont., a firm engaged
in the corfectionery business was
fined $5 for selling ice-cream on Sunday. A newsboy was also fined $20
or thirty days in the common jail for
the heinous crime of selling papers
on the "Lord's Day." Toronto ho--
tel-keepers are forbidden by thc law
as construed by the city's justice factory to sell cigars, on Sunday to
persons not guests. The churches
are, however, permitted to continue
a more or less roaring traffic and
gather much filthy lucre upon that
holy day. This is a valuable monopoly secured to the heavenly owner
through agencies purely mundane.
Ontario is truly progressive and enlightened.
 o	
A Kentucky young woman partially disrobed in a court room in order
that a jury might be convinced of
certain injuries she claimed to have
received in a wreck upon the Illinois
Central Railway. Ten minutes later
the jury brought in a verdict in her
favor for $6000 damages. Justice is
not always blind.
An Oregon man has discovered a
process of turning prunes into vinegar. The prune combine has long
since developed a process whereby
the gentle calling of the prune-grower has been converted into gall and
wormwood exceeding bitter.
 o	
Those who yet have sufficient admiration for the military establishment to allow their boys to be given
a military training ought to be highly edified by the butcheries carried
on by the Czar's Cossacks and other
trained murderers.
 0	
The central committee, composed
of members of the Presbyterian,
Methodist and Congregational
churches through the Dominion, have
agreed upon a code of doctrines
that will unify the three denominations into one great church, which it
is proposed should be known as the
United Church of Canada. AH the
same Steel Corporation or Sundar'
Oil combine. It is expected thn
econony in production and consequently a cheapening of the output
will be effected.
r—**
ASA WORKING TOOL
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.'
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. Itneverrefusestheinfor
mation sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London.
England, says: For the teacher, the pu-
Wl, the student and the litterateur, there
to nothing better; it covers everything.
The Mew and Enlarged Edition recently Is-
jued has _s0» new words and phrases, a com-
pletely revised Biographical Dictionary and
Gaaetteer ot the World, 2380 pages and WOO
Illustrations.
Our name is on the tltte-pagea of all tbe
authentic dictionaries of the Webster series
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■>. h C. MEHUIAM 00., I-nbs^rlarasld,
PLATFORM
rWmuttRj or the World Unite"
cf>DA
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the international revolutionary working claaa.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor lt should justly belong. To
the owners ol tho means of wealth
production belongs the product ol
labor. The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all thc products of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; the worker
Is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of gxivcrn-
mont all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means ot
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system Kives to the
capitalist an ever-swell ine stream of
profits, end to the worker an over-
Increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working claaa
lies in the direction of setting Itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the alb-olitlon of the wage system. Td
accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class
property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between tho capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as .follows:
1. The transformation as rapidly
as possible, of capitalist property iu
the means of wealth production (natural resources, fartorioF, mills, railways, etc.,) into thc- collective Property of the working class.
2. Thoronigh and democratic organization and nianogeineut of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system ls abolisluxl,
make the answer to this question Its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the interests of
the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist
Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely oppes-
ed to it.
In accordance with this prlnciplo
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in its hands in such a manner as to
promote the interests of the working class alone.
'    ■*■**'*■**■■■■*» »^» —»*•<■■>■ »»_»^
APPLICATION FOR MEM-
llF.ltSIIII- IN TIIF. SOCIALIST  PARTY    OF CANADA.
»Unh)n
When They ifett
Directory
here T>**y ih-
IHr*Kvery Labor Uuioni,, ,, "" "-"*"«
vTSd to place a card ", d" " ,"" P>ov1DM
booth.    Seer-,,.,.... u<rr -Im he-il   .:
'**»*• plwic aw-.1"*-  »■
President!'*3'/1 £ffiV»B
dent.    N.  Lenleui-      »X^*1
Arms,   T.   B.   c0
Treasurer.   Webster' n-_._8ci»tll
°sgioveStsBeant*-l
Dox, 198,' Phoenix, B^rf"'   P'
evening at 7.30 o'clockVOT
PicLJ' In8ra,n' e^*' tt
l'lckard, secretary. ' "•-
gar Every local of the s___
Party of Canada should1 run . ,1
under this head. $1.00 r*, ll
Secretaries please note. B0WI
SOCIALIST PAKTY OF ca»aJ
Headquarters.   Vancouver  B f
Dominion  Executive Conimitti
A. R. Stebbings, .lohn E. Dubberli
Ernest Burns,  0.  Peters, All u
A.   J.    Wilkinson,    treasurer J
Morgan, secretary, n51 Barnard'
Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVEIt, NO. 1, $1
of Canada. Business meeting! |
cry Monday evening at headc
ters, Jnglcslie Block, 313 Ciu*
Street, (room 1. second floor.) l
ucational meetings every Sunday]
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan
Cordova Street.
I). i\ MILLS, Secreti
Box 838, Vancouver B. C.
LOCAL TORONTO - Meets 2nd 1
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance I
Bathurst St. V. Dale, Secret!
41 Henry street, W. (1. Oribl
organizer, 130 Hogarth Av«.
hereby  apply  for   membership
I,     THE     UNDERSIGNED,
ln Local
 Socialist  Party  of
Canada.
I recopnlze the clnss sIiu-*kIci
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
WANTED:      b.v     Chicago  whols
house,   special    represented.*
each provinco In Canada.   Si!
$20,00   and  expenses paid »•*
Expense    money   advanced.
ness succesbful,  position per__.
No   investment  required,   Pre*
experience not essential to
ing.     Address
General Manager,  132 I_k< St.J
Chicago, 111., U.SJ
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ackool of Telegraphy, Cinch
O.: Buffalo, N. V.; Atlanta,!
La Crosse, Wis.; Te.wkana,
San Francisco,  Cal.
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Published Weekly by U»
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A Vigorous Advocate ol v>- I
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MINERS' MAOAZD*
Denver, Colorado.
• „riii",j
Eng)ueersandollicrs \ '' „„;„«>«
llyot having the J„;'.",".•- 1*31
by Kipertc. Prelm""- O, idvlner RSI
J..: J.. -   0ur invent or I AJ VoAU™
irlim&M'ir-'i.f'Yc •>.«*
uud Wash: .'•""■'      ^^
moderate,
request. Ma
Montreal ' '
B.EST IN B C
cW: Prdav, fljgjjgg
s»» -ty***e>
*"~i dollars! dollars anu dimes!
jrtft p°cket'8 the *orst >
" -rin,e-5! .inwn, give him a thrust-
••<   ,1,- beggar into the dust!
p£.-- p°verty,s quite app
'■"_■    over' kick him for falling!
Jf-^S for sale, and he is the
br.uyCr   and dollars!  dollars  and
Dimes *■■•*■
An
SS' PO^efs the worst of
crimes!
. , poor but worthy youth,
^ijes are built on a maidens
B^tf maiden will break her vows
*ir.Son>eth whose claims are
or a Vv0(r_
'T !■ heart and an empty head,
Ag^Kied With «ne brandy
/'Jul   we"   ,rained   in   ViUainy'S
Ji>l, - sweet Cash-he knoweth
lhf Simes and dollars! dollars  and
dimesi .
An empty pockefi the worst of
crimes!
., hold and an honest man
tf,VveJ to live on the Christian
nflr he is. and poor will be
J1" P0°°ed and hated wretch is he-
AtUehemeetethiiUt^gwJfe,
Ahroad I"" leadeth the leper s l.fe-
iru.KU- against a fearful odds
K will  not bow  to  the  people s
rods!
Dimes  and dollars!  dollars and
dunes!
An empty pocket's the worst of
crimes!
So get ye wealth, no matter how!
"No questions asked" of the rich, I
trow!
Steal by night and  steal by day
(Doing it all in a legal way).
Join tin- church, and   never  forsake
her,
Learn to cant, and insult your Maker;
Re hypocrite, liar, knave and fool;
But don't be poor!    remember    the
rule:
Dimes and dollars!  dollars  and
dimes!
An empty pocket's the worst of
crimes!
-Charles P  Shiras in Miners Magazine.
 o	
ECONOMIC REVOLUTION.
"This is the characteristic of natural laws; recognized or ignored.
thev never cease to he operative, nor
can thev be repealed by Congress or
vetoed by President. Here, then,
we get an indication of the lines
along which future economic development will take place. The movement toward co-operation, toward
the limination ol unintelligent competition . . toward the increasing centralization of industries, which
i< the most pronounced characteristic of American civil life—this
movement, being in harmony with
the law* underlying all progress, is
destined to extend until it covers the
whole industrial world, or until it
mew- into some new and better
phase of social evolution. Thus the
nld, hated Trust, thc immediate forerunner of the present "Merger," receives the benediction of Nature herself, ihe sanction of the very laws
nf life. We are astride of a ten-
rlenry which, originating in the bar-
baric past, is giving us the promise
of a fuller and more complete national life than thc world has ever
"een. In the broad perspective of
history, illuminated by the light of
evolutionary law, we arc able to sec
that this tendency is not the creation
of self-seeking capitalists, aimed to
corrupt our moral and political life,
and undermining the very foundations of society by destroying competition and competitors. Neither is
it i mere hobby horse, from which
»e can descend at the bidding of
legislators. It is a wholesome, Irresistible, natural progression from
lower forms of industrial life to higher ones. It is a phase of economic
'volution, controlled by laws as regu-
!»r as those which mould the fall-
""*(• raindrop. When St. Paul wrote,
Whatsoever is, is good,' he thereby
voiced not only the desirability of
»M| we call progress, but the in-
evitablenesg of it. 'And this is what
« need to emphasize.—From
Bridge's "The Trust: .It* Book."
EXIT GAPON SOBBING.
Revolution has a curious capacity
lf|r exposing the half-way house men
'""I hypocritical moderates. Count
Witte we have long known to be a
fere charlatan, with a dexterous
jtetnod of earwigging and "squar
mK the European and American
Passmen. It did not need a rcvolu-
'"-•" to show him up for the fraud
"c '»• Hut now Father Gapon, who,
"° ?oubt, meant well and was really
nxious for an upset "within rcason-
»« limits," has had his little day
01 triumph in Western Europe, puff-
™.« himself up in the "Strand Maga-
'nc and elsewhere, and has now
«°ne off in tears jnt0 thc side 9Cenes
the great drama.   He thought thc
^evolution   would   begin   with   rose-
»U-r house-cleaning    and    wind-up
I '«i a supper of unbroken-egg ome-
«*».   So he appeals to his country-
en to be careful, and adjures ugly
**r-'*-iists to quiet down.   Poor, silly
tor#J_LGod- lct him rctire and pray
■ -nova intelligence from on high.
dn_°d? '9 likely to listen to him
uuw-*  here.    For this in   Russia  is
revolution, not merely petty little
grumbling or beseeching by unarmed
igmojranj people. Thj: scoundrels
who have hoped and believed that
their tyranny would last for ever,
and have butchered Jews and "intellectuals" with equal gusto, are
now being called to account in their
turn. Not that the reovlutionists are
bloody—far from it;, but that the natural process of development cannot
wait for opponents to get out of the
way. There are, no doubt, a good
many Gapons iu Russia just now.
But the revolution spreads and is
lapping over into other countries all
the same.—-Justice.
Wgftgfttffl CLAtttOfr nyCQPVEB.   tttHfttfi OOLEMMA.
:    P
.   ,,,
SAME OLD STORY.
From the "Worker" of Brisbane
Australia, we learn that the wave of
reaction which the Socialists have
long predicted is now striking New
Zealand. The government now proposes to practically abolish the famous Arbitration Act. It has introduced a bill which, according to the
above authority, "openly aims at
three things; The destruction of
trade unionism; the destruction of
the principle of industrial arbitration; the return to the old system
under which wages were regulated
solely by the necessity of the individual workman.'' In other words,
the class struggle has now struck
Australia good and hard, and the old
reform movement has been driven
aside as the field is being cleared
for a straight fight. At the same
time throughout Australia Socialism
is growing as never before. This
was shown in a recent communication to the New York "Nation,"
which certainly will not be accused
of having the slightest sympathy
with the Socialist Party. According
to the correspondent of this publication, the fight throughout Australia
has now become clearly one between
Socialism and capitalism, and while
the writer is most bitterly opposed
to Socialism, he cannot but admit
that as a result of the campagn "politics were lifted to a higher level."
Men who in England had lived
through the great days of Gladstone
and Disraeli, Bright and Lowe, and
who deplored the pettiness of Australian public life, were gratified to
find the greatest questions brought
within the field of discussion and to
the verge of action. The mediocre
personalities of political leaders were
aggrandized by the cause they advocated." This writer also admits
the Socialist contention that when
the competitive era begins to disappear into that of monopoly the reform legislation for which Australia
has been so famous would be swept
aside and he states that Mr. Seddon,
the famous New Zealand Socialistic
minister, recently introduced a new.
bill providing for the building of cottages for the houseless "wth-the melancholy confession that in spite of
all the beneficent industrial legislation of the past ten or twelve years,
projected mainly in the interest of
the laboring class, the condition of
the worker had not been ameliorated. .. . The very prosperity of
the country had penalized the worker and thc entire mass of those who
lived in other peoples' houses. The
cost of living had risen fully as much
as the wages of the workers had
been raised."
Here is a lesson for those who arc
inclined to go off after the strange
gods of Hearstism, and opportunism
in general.—International Socialist
Review.
GOVERNMENT BY COSSACKS.
News from Russia is exceedingly
scarce, but what there is shows a
state of anarchy which was not approached at any time during the
war. The whole country is paralysed by the railway and telegraph
strikes, while the Government is at
the end of its resources through the
stoppage of nearly all its means of
income. Railways, postal service and
telegraph service are all owned by
thc State, and a very large income
was previously received from them.
This has practically all ceased. The
large income derived from thc oil
trade in the Baku district has stopped, and the customs dues arc down
to a minimum because nothing is being either imported or exported. Thc
most serious aspect of the revolution
from the Autocrat's point of view is,
however, not the empty exchequer or
thc idle workmen, but the state of
revolt which exists both in thc army
and navy. The Autocrat can rule
only so long as his ultimate appeal
is to overwhelming physical force,
but in Russia half the troops are in
open rebellion, and the other half
arc engaged in watching and guarding the barracks where the rebels are
confined. Even the aristocratic
Guards' regiments of St. Petersburg
are honeycombed with discontent and
have broken into open revolt, Thc
navy is even less dependable than
the army, and thc only power left
upon which the Autocrat can rely is
the hated Cossack—the men of foreign birth and Moslem faith who
have no kinship with the Russian
people, and are ever willing, like their
brother thc Turk, to turn their hands
to any brutality and hloodshed. But
a Government which relies upon
such power to maintain its authority
is doomed to speedy failure; for a
little while Might may crush Right,
but it will not last long. The vast
army which was collected in Manchuria has been apparently quite forgotten. Very little news i.s now
heard from Siberia, but what little
does filter through shows a most deplorable state of things. Probably
400,000 men of rhe Manchurian army
i*ij ^^w et
arc still cast of Lake Baikal, and with
their usefulness as food for powder
gone, while the Government at home
is insolvent and fighting for its very
existence.     With    a    huge    railway
strike between them and their food
supply,  and  with  a  rigorous  winter
coming on,  it  is perhaps easier    to
imagine their condition than describe
it.     Even in the days of the  war,
when they were necessary for fighting purposes,  they   were  badly  fed,
worse clothes, and still worse attended to and nursed in sickness or when
wounded,  but  now  the  Government
dare not try to bring them home because of the tales they would bring
with  them,  neither can it afford  to
feed and keep them where they are.
Of all the men who are suffering for
Russia at the present moment,   perhaps those of the forgotten army deserve most sympathy.     It is impossible   to  ignore   the   very  important
European  complications which    will
arise if the revolution is largely successful, or even if it lasts in its present condition much longer,    Already
financial panics    are    occurring   because of the very low price at which
Russian  securities  are being put  on
the market; but when we remember
that  France    alone,    principally    by
small investors, has lent Russia $1,-
,-;oo,ooo,ooo sterling, we   can    understand something of the international
difficulties involved.    It is as true of
nations as of men that "no man liveth
or   dieth    unto    himself."—-Leicester
Pioneer.
THREE.
BLOWN IN THE BOTTLE.
The rotten capitalist press under
date of December 23 make much
noise about the prosperity taht abid-
eth at Cumberland town on Vancouver Island. The merchants are
busy and there is not a house to be
rented in the town. It will be remembered that Cumberland is one of
those towns that belong to James
Dunsmuir, an ignorant, illiterate and
insignifkrint as that would-be inconsequential to a degree ,were it
not for the fact that the present system of prosperity invests him with
title of ownership in the coal beds
upon which Cumberland and other
island towns depend for their existence. Were it not for this the distinguished Dunsmuir person would
prove nowise not'*fab'c. even among
the inmates of our institutions for
the feeble minded.
To the observers of things the
prosperity existant at Cumberland
will be rated at its true value. It will
bc rated as the prosperity of the
Dunsmuir Colliery Company, and
its allied thieves who are fattening
and battening upon the wealth produced by the slaves who do the work
in the Cumberland mines. To these
victims of exploitation there can
come no prosperity so long as their
means of living continues to mean
thc hated garb of capital.
To these workers can come no
prosoerity so long as the Dunsmuir
ilk are in a position to vampire-like,
suck the blood from their veins, and
the juice from their bones by the
cowardly and merciless subterfuges
of the wage-system. The prosperity
enjoyed at Cumberland is the genuine "blown in the bottle" brand, especially palatable to the pirates and
brigands   of   capitalist   prosperity.
Just as in view of the improvement of modern weapons, the tactic
of street riots has become inopportune, and just as the complexity of
the modern state shows the insufficiency of a sudden capture of a municipal government to impose upon a
whole people tlie will and the ideas
of a minority, no matter how courageous and progressive, even so, on
its side, the mass of the proletarians
no longer holds to the word of command of a few leaders, nor does it
regulate its movements by the instructions of captains who might upon the ruins of one government raise
up another. The laboring mass,
where it has developed politically,
has made and is making its own
democratic education. It is choosing its representatives and submitting their action to its criticism. It
examines and makes its own the
ideas and the propositions which
these representatives submit to it. It
already knows, or it begins to understand, according to the situation
in the various countries, that the
conquest of political power cannot
and should not be made by others in
its name, and especially that it cannot bc the consequence of a single
blow. In a word, it knows, or it is
beginning to understand that the dictatorship of the proletariat which
shall have for its task the socialization of the means of production cannot be the work of a mass led by a
few, and that it must be, and that it
will be, the work of the proletarians
themselves when they have become
in themselves and through long practice a political organization.—From
Labriola's Essays.
Young Capt. Sealby, of the Mediterranean liner Cretic, was talking
about stowaways.
"Most of these fellows," he said,
in his deep, resonant voice, "have an
excessive amount of cheek or brass.
"Once we discovered a stowaway
a few days out from New York, and
put him to work in the galley.
"A lady, on a tour of inspection,
paused by the stowaway as he sat
peeling potatoes.
" 'How soon do you think we'll
reach Naples?" she said to him.
"'Well, madam,' he replied, Tin
doing all I can to get her in by Tuesday.' "
The steel plant of the Lake Super-
i»r Corporation, while not so large
as some of those of the United
States Steel Company in Pittsburg
and elsewhere, is by far the largest
in Canada. It Irs the very best of
machinery, and is so equipped that
it can make steel rails as cheaply and
as-well as any plant on the continent. It is now turning out about
400 tons of steel rails per day, and
it has a capacity of from 700 to 1000
tons. It makes rails of sixty, eighty
and 100 pounds to the yard. The iron
goes into the blast furnaces, and is
turned into pigs. The pigs are
smelted, and go through the rail mill
and they come out steel rails, loaded on the cars and ready for shipment. The company has now an
order for 80,000 tons of rails for the
Canadian Pacific. It is making the
rails for the Temiskaming road,
built by the Ontario government,
and it will have all it can do for
years to come in furnishing the track
for the transcontinental trunk line
which the Dominion is building fiom
the Atlantic to the Pacific. The Canadian Northern and other roads in
Canada are also demanding such
rails, so that this branch of the
work has years of orders in sight.
Indeed its only competitor in making steel rails for Canada is the
Dominion Iron Company of Nova
Scotia, which has just begun rail-
making.—Frank G. Carpenter.
 o	
VANCOUVER LOCAL, NO. 1.
The weekly business meeting of
the Local was held on Wednesday,
the 27th inst., Comrade Burns in the
chair.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and adopted, and ■ a
warrant of $11.00 for rent of city hall
was authorised.
Under report of committees, it
\v.i> moved and seconded that the
municipal programme be referred to
the; committee for revision.    Carried.
Election of officers for the ensuing
year resulted in the election of Comrades McLachlan as organizer, Mack-
lin as recording secretary, Lambert
as treasurer, and Seney as literary
agent. The present programme committee was re-elected and the present secretary agreed to continue for
a reasonable time, pending the election of a successor. Comrades Lambert, Stephens and Waley were appointed a municipal campaign committee. The financial report showed
receipts as follows:
Collected   Sunday   evening $10.95
Donations      1.05
Net proceeds of social    7.00
Literature  sale      1.65
Dues    25
Total   $20.00
The next meeting will be on Tuesday, Jan. and.
D. P. MILLS, Sec.
 o	
A German soldier was sent to prison by a court-martial for refusing
to eat when ordered to do so by his
superior officer. The court held that
it was the first duty of a soldier to
obey  orders.
J   £D**_itn Biro. A. C   Buy Don-jack.
GEO. E. McCkossan.
BIRD, BRYDON-JAGK & McCROSSM
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Tel. 829.   F.O. Box 932.
324 Hutisat Strut     -     VucMvsr. I. C.
60   YEARS-
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
.... Copyrights Ac.
Anyone sending a sketch and description m«j
 ruin our opinion fre« whether an
probably patentable.  Conimunlra-
 Ial. HANDBOOK on I'.leuu
cr.'orsscurtng;■
Mon* strictly confident
, Oldest alien
■ »„..u taken througl.	
tpeeW not ke, without charge. In the
put 11—.. »■_—« —.-., . K patents.
Patent* taken through Munn_ *_Co. metre
Scientific American.
A handsomely Illustrated weekly. I_rte*t circulation of any icIentlUc Journal. Terms. |3 a
Tear: four months, It Sold by all newsdealers.
 "Co^'""-*-- New York
Ies. m V St. Washington. D. C.
'Branch Office.
V*-S
SEWING MACHINE.
ROLLER BEARINC
HIGH GRAM.
by buying thb
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
National Sewing Machine Co..
SAN TRANCISCO.  CAL.
FACTORY ATBBLVIDBBR ILL.
Hudson's Bay Company. Apsis
-  Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
CHRISTMAS PRESENTS
Morris  Reclining  Chairs trom $8.50
to $35.00
Ladies'   Fancy  Rockers,  from   $5.00
to $7.00
Sleepy    Hollow    Chairs,  from  $5.50
to $12.00
Fancy Odd Parlor Chairs, from $9.00
to $25.00
Sofa Cushions, $2.00,
Cushion Tops, 50c.
SMITH & CHAMPION
Phone 718.      100 Douglas St.
FALL SUITING
From $25.00 Up.
E.  SHAPER,
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
20 Johnson St..  Victoria.  B.C.
UNION-MADE BREAD ANO CAKES
Delivered  to any  part of th* city.   Ask
Driver  to  call.     Thon*  849.
Do you kpow we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
TRY
HASHES' FAIR
FOB   _-   C_____Tar_S
71 Geveri-ist Strut, Vktsrta, 6. C.
THE  WESTERN  CLARION
5 yearly sub. cards for $8.78.
Bundlos of 25 or more copies to
one address, for a period of three
months or more at the rata of   one
cent per copy.
Patronize our advertisers.
HAROLD  BURNETT
NEWS AGENT.
Victoria General Agent for Th*
SEATTLE TIMKH
1-ORli.AN 1) OKEUONIAN
SAN FRANCISCO CHRnNICLE
SAN FRANCISCO EXAMINER
LOS ANU_1__ EXAMINER
LOS ANG_I_> TIMES
CHICAGO  AMKKU AH
BOSTON AMERICAN
PENNSYLVANIA URIT
NEW YORK AMERICAN
"     HERALD
••     NEWS
•■     TELEGRAPH
■'      WORLD
Also handles San Francisco Sum-
day Bulletin and Call. Prompt anil
regular dally delivery service! Ic
subscribers. 99
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. C.
TELEPHONE B77»
HENRY BEHNSEN ft Co.
MMslaclsrir fl
i HAVANA
CIGARS
t Nt. S Ctatrt St.
VICTORIA, B.C.
TELEPHONE 717
VICTORIA
STEAM DTE WORKS
All Descriptions ot La-flea'
Gents' Garments Cleaned or Dyad,
and Pressed Equal to New. Dry
Cleaning; a Specialty.
the Yatis 8t.    Viotosi*. B.O.
Harris <2b Moore
Dealers in
Bicycles, Guns,   Ammunition,
and Bicycle Sundries.
MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY  ATTENDED TO
42 Broad St VICTORIA, B. C
Phone B969.
Albion Stove Works,
LIMITED
MANUFACTURERS   OF
STOVES, RANGES, GRATES
AND FRENCH RANGES
FACTORY, 38, 42 Pembroke Street,
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Doughs Street,   -
121 Hastings Street,
-    VICTORIA
-   VICTORIA
VANCOUVER
IN
WATCH
REPAIRING
GREAT CARE IS EXERCISED, A8
WE ENTRUST THE REPAIR TO
EXPERIENCED WORKMEN ONLY.
AND NOT TO APPRENTICES OR
AMATEURS.
SPROTT & Co.
7" Cordova St.,   next to   rlarviy'o.
pat
United Hatters of North America
Wksa you ar* buying a FOR HAT is* te it  that
the asnaiae Ualoa Labti I* eswmi ia it. If a ret
has loos* labels in his possession es* offers te
one ln a hat for you, do not patronise him. I
labels la retail stores are counterfeits. The geaalao
Union Label Is perforate* oa four edges, exactly ths
earns aa a postage stamp. Counterfeits are seats,
times perforated ea three edgee, aad some times only
oa two. John ■■ Stetson Co., el Philadelphia Is a
noa-ualoa amWats,
JOHN A. HOrriTT,  President. Orange, N. J.
MAIITIN    LA.WLOK.    Secretary,    ll  W averly
New York.
Plane
MATCHLESS LIGHT
There is no home too small to use FJectric Light. Every dwelling should use it—everybody should use it.
The children—bless them!—they cannot upset the Electric Light
and burn tho house down. They can do no harm whatever with
Electric Light.
It can bc lighted or extinguished by a touch of the button. No
lamps to clean,  no smell of   Coal Oil,  no disfigurement of walls.
When a small amount of light is needed, 6 or 10 candle power lamps may be Installed, thus reducing thc total expense of light-'
ing by thin method.
Call and see us in reference to installing Electric Light to take
the place of your Coal Oil Lamps.
B.C ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO.
I
i
-
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!
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i
i
1 ! *■
!■' -'■
Vi
txj
■-,';Vn\
Is*. :
_.. . ■.  ,
;\k
%X
i'
votm
THB WBSmH CLA&fdlf,    ftAWtittTrtgft.   fiftfflflg  COLUMBIA.
gAmfiAV, flgCBMff,
I
'■■ 11
t-j
Hi-' '
>,.f:..
*
NEWS AND VIEWS
9
I
«
|   AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   g
_f        Edited by R. P. PETTIPIECE. to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed. *_
9 . ®
 "_*_**■___*_*]
AFTER THE TURKEY, WHAT?
Man is a hopeful cuss.
Sometimes, when out of a job, he
mortgages his future prospects by
obtaining goods on credit.
At no time receiving more than a
mere-existence wage, he finds it difficult to pay up back accounts—small
though they may be.
For his special benefit the _our-
geoisie has concocted a public nuisance, known as a Small Debts Court;
one of the most contemptible petty
capitalist institutions, to be backed
by the power of the State, ever inflicted upon enslaved labor.
The Garnishee is another glorious
contrivance, calculated to make life
miserable—in most cases for poor
devils who really need the pittance
to convert more food into more
labor power, to make more profit
for his boss.
There are the hordes of pitiful
woe-howling Bourgeoisie flunkies
known as Collectors. They're a
bunch of abominations, highly creditable to the interests they serve.
Then, too, we have the modern
Shylocks; lean, hungry looking;
meaner than the Jew Christ persecutors, and always eager and ready
to seize upon the misfortunes of
others and exact their pound of flesh,
heaping shame and humiliation upon
any who come within their grasp.
Also, a bunch of buzzard-heads,
bedecked in uniform—becoming defenders of His Majesty's mandate-
called for decency's sake Officers of
the Law. The first qualification of
a Cossack, Militiaman or Policeman
is a large bump of ignorance and a
keen eye to distinguish between common wage-slaves and members of the
"business" class; between law-violation in down-town joints and uptown  Hotels  de  Bourgeoisie.
And so we might go on, enumerating the many beautitudes of present-
day civilization.
But, Glory be to Christmas!
The whole shooting-match closed
up its junk shop for one whole day
this week, and, of course, there is
"Peace on Earth; Good will to all
Men!"
A Socialist daily is now issued in
St. Petersburg, utterly regardless of
all censorship. Things do move a
bit.
* *   *
And now Australia has a huge unemployed problem, which goes to
show that the island continent is
entitled to front rank in our glorious
civilization.
* *   *
The Socialist vote in Italy at the
last general election was 300,000, as
against 168,000 at the previous election. Solidly the Socialist army is
marching on all over the world.
* »   *
"Economic unity" does not imply
political unity; else why do we find
trade unionists boosting for what is
commonly termed the old parties-
all of them representing the interests
of the job-owning class?
* *   *
Sir Isaac Newton once rebuked a
combatant thus: "Sir, do not disgrace yourself by presuming to judge
on questions that you have never examined." How applicable to many
today who oppose Socialism.
* *   •
"As ye vote so shall ye reap," is
the revised version of the oft-quoted
biblical extract. And in spite of
their early training in these words of
wisdom, the majority of the working
class voters still continue to vote for
what they don't want—and receive
it.
* *   *
An Army of Paupers.—The statistics of pauperism in October, issued
the other day, show that 778,012 persons in England and Wales were in
receipt of relief at the end of that
month, representing 22.8 per 1,000
of the population, and an increase of
-5.495 over the number at the same
date last year. But this capitalist
system is so practical, you know.
* *   *
The revolutionary feeling is said
to be rising among the Swiss Socialists. It is becoming generally recognized by the workmen that the government, although professedly progressive, has succeeded during the
past two years in carefully avoiding
doing anything of value to labor.
The workers are beginning to realize
that they must depend solely upon
their own efforts for their emancipation  from  capitalist  exploitation.
* * *
"The coupling of the word 'bargain' with the birthday of Christ
exhibits Christian society exactly as
it is, a hideous infidelity; a profanation of human life. Christianity is
so defiled that its unconscious language, finding expression in common advertisements, publishes its
glaring infamy. To make the birth-
month of Jesus a time of huckstering; to allow for a single instant the
association of his name with the
ir*en of human exploitation, is to de-
h*>iirh his image and. to drag his
ideals in the mire."
THE MISSION OF
THEWORKINCCLASS
ROUSING SOCIALIST MEETING
IN    CITY   HALL   ON
CHRISTMAS EVE.
E. T. KINGSLEY, SPEAKER
The Problem Confronting Labor
Ably Analyzed; the Remedy
Pointed Out; Its Means of Accomplishment; and What It Will
Mean to the Proletarians of the
World.
On Christmas eve, Sunday last,
amid a pouring rain, some 300 workingmen and women gathered in City
Hall, to hear Com. E. T. Kingsley's
address, his subject being "The Mission of the Working Class."
Com. James Pritchard acted as
chairman, and after briefly announcing future meetings, etc., introduced
the  speaker.
"It does seem peculiar that despite
the fact that the working class—the
only useful class in society—have
builded the most gigantic and complicated means of wealth production
this world ever knew—the great
mass of them are still suffering from
poevrty, except when they were able
to secure employment from another
man, or set of men," observed the
speaker.
"To ask for a job is to ask for
permission   to   live.
We hear much in these days of the
right to live.' At this very moment
the great workingclass of the world
do not possess that right. They only
have the privilege; and this because
they have no command over the
means of life. The things the workers have to use in order to feed,
clothe and shelter themselves, are
the instruments used to dispossess
that  workingclass."
Com. Kingsley then briefly reviewed the methods of production
from the time of the hand tool up
to the present time of great mechanical devices; until to-day we have
what is termed by the Socialist capitalist property—a form of property
between private property and what
is soon to be—collective property.
The proletarian—that portion of society without any means of subsistence—cannot exist except by wage-
labor.
The small farmer, too, who at first
glance would not appear to have
interests identical with the proletariat, crystalises his and his family's
labor-power into wheat, etc., but he
too, must turn his product over to
capitalist property—the combines—
the latter to use for profit-making.
In the last analysis the small farmers and the wage-earners have
worked for the same thing—a bare
existence.
Surplus farm products and surplus
labor, both tended to depress their
market  price.
Therefore, the small farmer—not
the big farms, operated by wage-
laibor—fliad interests identical with
the wage-slave. There should be no
conflict between the small farmer
and the city wage-earner.
The function of capitalist property
was to make a profit out of wage-
labor; and unless profits would accrue to its capitalist owners, not a
wheel was turned, no matter what
the hunger or suffering of those dependent upon the sale of their ability
to work.
The function of capitalists was to
take  what  the  workers  make.
We have no reason to harm capitalists as individuals; but since the
means of wealth production were ere- ,
ated by labor alone, we must merely
strip the capitalist of his power to
exploit those who do the work.
The proletariat must know his position in human society; what capitalist property is, and how he is robbed
through the wage-system, and denied
the right to life.
The workers having mastered the
problem of wealth production; with
the modern means of machine production, there should be little difficulty   in   providing  food*   clothing,
shelter and other necessaries for all.'
Yet, with all this accomplished by
the  workers,  they  are   still  face  to
face with poverty in all its hideous-
ness,   degradation  and   humiliation.
They (the workers)  have another
mission to perform.   They must convert    these    "trustified"    means    of
wealth production to their own use.
How?
By destroying capitalist property—
yet not wrecking a single wheel—
but merely by stripping the means by
which wc live of the garb of capital
—the power to enslave labor for profit. Make it the collective property
of the class who use it.
How?
By    taking   possession     of      the
power of government, and by legal
enactment, backed by the power and
I mandate of the working class—with
out which we are helpless. The conquest of the organized powers of the
state, the reins of public power placed
in the hands of the proletariat, the instrument with which to strike the
blow for its emancipation.
But what of resistance on the part
of the ruling class?
Say; if you wanted to capture a
grizzly bear, how would you go about
it? Would you approach it and ask:
Please Mr. Bear, will you lay down
.and die?    |laughter).
Or would you make ready for the
task before you, and I want to tell
you here and now the governments
of every country are just as lacking
in scruples as any grizzly bear you
could  meet.
What is legal enactment?
The power to do!
Constitutional rights?
Bah!
You must possess yourselves of
the power to protect yourselves. If
the ballot will do, so much the better—for   the   other   fellow.
With all the power in its hands
the proletariat can free itself. You
cannot stop its robbery by leaving
representatives of the robbing class
,in  power.
The workingmen to-day have no
means or power of enforcing their
mandate or agreements, while the
capitalism—few in number—are
backed by all the powers of the State,
and vested with the ownership of the
means of existence. Formerly it was
chattel slavery; then feudal serfdom;
now wage-slavery.
One "Professor" had said socialism
would mean a reversion to barbarism.
Barbarism would at least be preferable to modern "civilization." Why,
there are dozens of hungry men and
women in Vancouver tonight—this
glorious, prosperous Christmas eve.
The vilest holes of debauchery, prostitution, human degradation and cess-
,pools of iniquity exist within the
shadow of this very hall—with the
consent of Mr. Business Man and
Mr. Church Man, all for the glory of
God and Profit.
As you all know we have developed some of the ablest, Godliest,
and highest types of morality and
refinement in polite business society
the world ever knew. For instance,
our insurance men, copper kings, oil
kings, and that whole bunch of scalawags engaged in the business of
what?—Skinning the workers, and
dividing the swag.
And the workers?
Why, many of them are so busy
upholding the dignity of labor that
they stay up and slave all night in
order to preserve it.
Current events throughout the
world, in Russia as elsewhere, are
.making plain the mission of the
'working class. In France, in Germany, in the United States, and even
.in reactionary England, the workers
are more than beginning to recognize that if they would be free they
must themselves strike the blow—
and  assert  their  freedom,
It is a tremendous task. But the
campaign everywhere is being
waged with a persistence never duplicated in all history.
The Twentieth Century belongs to
the Proletariat.
The Russians are sounding the advance. Capitalism cannot much
longer stand; it must choke for need
of further markets to conquer.
The proletariat will be compelled
to accomplish its mission—no matter
what the cost.
"And I intend to live to see the
flag of freedom float o'er every
country on top of this earth!" concluded the speaker mid spontaneous
applause.
After  the  collection,  a  few  ques-
. tions, and some little discussion the
meeting adjourned,  stirred  with   the
spirit of the "Marseillaise."
"CHARITY" DAY.
"Charity Day" was a great success
in Toledo last Saturday. Several
thousand people bought tags and
wore them to testify that they (the
people, not the tags) had contributed
to "sweet charity." This was the
latest device adopted by the charity
organizations to get money. It was
successful, for it satisfied the common vanity of the multitude to be
able to advertise its own generosity.
It was a disgraceful spectacle. Yes,
a disgraceful spectacle. Every person who wore a tag was a walking
testimonial to the fearful degradation, the awful failure, the pitiful impracticability of the present industrial system. The tag wearers did
not think that they believed (some
of them, at least) that they were doing a fine and beautiful thing. The
papers said they were-, so did the
preachers and the professional charity mongers.
But how many people stopped to
ask: "Why a Charity Day in a country like this, a country lauded as
rich and great and prosperous? Why
Charity at all where everything that
man needs is here in abundance?"
What a farce I But what a tragical farce! To think that in a nation
whose resources are boundless and
whose possibilities for sustaining life
in comfort are unlimited, there should
be necessity to solicit alms Wholesale to provide for the poor! Was
there ever such mad inconsistency,
such fantastic lmmbuggery?
Will the workers, who are robbed
to make a Charity Day, never see
this? Will they never see that what
is necessary, first of all, is a JUSTICE DAY, when Labor shall come
into its own and banish the necessity for Charity Days, and even the
memory of them, from the earth forever.—Toledo Socialist.
TORONTO.
By G.  W.  Wrigley.
TORONTO, Dec. 20.—At the last
meeting of Local Toronto, officers
were elected as follows: Organizer,
W. G. Gribble; corresponding secretary, F. Dale; recording secretary, W.
Harris; financial secretary, H. Pettit;
treasurer, W. H. Rawbone; literary
agent, to be elected. Educational
and Propaganda Committees were
also chosen.
An interesting discussion took
place over question of nominating
candidates for municipal elections on
Jan. 1. Comrade Lindella, one of
the Finnish comrades, was nominated for mayor, he having the property
qualification. Chairman Kilner ruled the nomination out of order as
the comrade had not been a member
for the six months provided in the
constitution, he having joined the
Party last August. After a lengthy
discussion over a motion made to
suspend the constitution, the motion
was withdrawn, Comrade James
Simpson leading the fight in favor of
living up to the constitution. All
the comrades regretted being unable
to make the fight for mayor, but will
have to wait another year.
For the Board of Education, Comrades Phillips, Thompson, F. Dale
and W. H. Rawbone were nominated. Com. H. Pettit and others had
to withdraw on account of lack of
qualification or fear of losing their
jobs. No comrades had the necessary property qualification to run for
aldermen. Ten thousand copies of a
manifesto will be circulated.
One new member was enrolled.
Tt was decided to meet in future on
the second and fourth Tuesdays at
the new Socialist headquarters, 185"/$
Queen  street west.
A Finnish branch is being organized.
Wm. Mailly, editor Toledo Socialist, will speak in Toronto on Jan. 21,
the first anniversary of "Bloody Sunday" at St. Petersburg. All the proceeds will be sent to Russia to buy
guns for the revolutionaries, who
have no other weapons to use in self-
defense.
Eugene V. Debs has been engaged
for from six to ten dates in Ontario.
Toronto will have him on Feb. 2
(evening) and Feb. 4 (Sunday afternoon).   Further announcements later.
same object—the overthrow of wage-
slavery and the establishment of a
working-class administration of industry, owned and operated by themselves.    Read both platforms.
A. F., Grand Forks. 2. Comrade
.Hawthornethwaite will visit your
section for at least a week or ten
days, as soon as the coming session
closes. The Clarion proposes issuing an eight-page paper during the
session, giving full details of the proceedings of the House from a Socialist viewpoint. You should, order a
bundle at once and see that copies
reach the hands of every worker in
the Boundary district. 2. The Clarion is now arranging for the installation of a modern Mergenthaler
typesetting machine, in lieu of their
present Monoline, then they will be
in a better position to print such
literature as you suggest, and I have
no doubt will do so at the earliest
possible moment. 3- The Clarion's
mailing list and revenue is gradually
increasing, every dollar of which is
going into plant—except pie-card
money for its publishers. It has
no corporations to run its overdraft
column, hence such gradual progress.
It takes time—backed by organized
effort on the part of a conscious
'working class—but it's making headway, nevertheless, and will soon become a much stronger factor in the
Socialist movement in Canada. Two
comrades now devote their whole
time to sub-rustling; later others will
join them, and soon its message of
freedom will have reached every
workingman worth reaching.
 -o ■
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
 —o	
AUSTRIA.
A  LETTER TO MOTHER.
" . . You ask me if I have given
up reading the Bible and going to
church entirely. Well, yes, I have
given up going to church entirely.
Why should I go? There is nothing
there for me. I like to go amonf/
people who think, and are in earnest
about something; and, aside from
my having no sympathy with the
teaching of the church, the ministers
and church people do not carry with
them the conviction that they are
really trying to do something for the
world; nor do they seem to mc to be
earnestly preparing for another
world. Most of them are opposed
to anything that makes for the progress or comfort of the common people. They oppose change of every
sort, theological, political, sociological. They are apparently willing
that men should stagnate and women
starve, so long as the church is sustained. They do, indeed, establish
missions for the poor, whom they
do not welcome into the home
church, and something is done in
the way of charity, but this is incidental to the pomps, display, and
smug gentility which characterize
the institution, as such. It boasts
of its wealth and power as an indication of divine favor, but it hasn't
sufficient faith in the potency of its
God to risk the result of paying
. taxes on its property, as other people and institutions arc obliged to
do. It is a parasite, sustaining itself, partly, at least, by casting the
burden of its support on unbelievers,
whose taxes are increased for its benefit. I have no respect for it, and
do not understand how it can respect
itself.
You never think of those things,
for you have grown up in it. It is
part of your life, and you think, no
doubt, when the subject is brought
to your attention, that it ought to be
supported out of thc public treasury
because of good it does in minifying
crime, etc. But it so happens that
nearly all the criminals are church
members, and the church is the foster-mother of that conservatism in
social institutions out of which all
crime grows.
I do not want to hurt your feelings,
mother mine, but this is the way the
church   impresses  an  outsider.   .   ."
The Vienna demonstration of the
workers for Universal Suffrage
.seems to have been beyond words—
and the "strike' general all over Austria. The ministers see that they
have got to give way, and now a
measure to that effect is announced
for February. The orderly and disciplined nature of the Vienna demonstrators, who kept an unbroken order
of ten in a row, enabled the counting
to be done with almost mathematical
certainty, and there were in the procession 250,000 people. An enormous
percentage in Vienna, which, though
big, is nothing like so big as London,
.and 70,000 people are calculated to
have been present as spectators. 320,-
000 people. No wonder the Bourgeois reporters were impressed, and
that with absolute order. In thc
provinces the order seems to have
,bcen as remarkable as the success
of the general stril-e. In fact, the
authorities could not apparently provoke disorder or did not dare to.—J.
B. Askew in Justice.
What an inspiring 1 pectaclc, :;
quarter of a million of workmen
marching with almost military precision past the Parliament buildings
as a demand upon their rulers that
they be clothed with legal rights of
citizenship in order to be able, by
the exercise of such rights, to break
that rule and establish their own
economic freedom. A more striking
exemplification of the solidarity of
labor, when once the workers become imbued with a common purpose, has never occurred.
 o	
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
30, fjjd
CLARION QUESTION  BOX.
Secretary Revelstoke Local.—I received your communication; but have
mislaid   it.    Kindly write  again.
G. C, Vancouver.—The Socialist
Party of Canada has no affiliation
with the Socialist Party of the United
States as yet. Our platforms are
entirely different in many respects;
though    fundamentally    seeking the'
RUSSIA IN REVOLUTIONARY
THROES.
At the moment of writing the cur-
.tnin has been drawn over the great
drama which is being enacted by thc
revolutionary proletariat of Russia,
and no man can tell what is going
on behind it. There is something
intensely fatal in that. Like in the
Greek drama, you feel the tension of
the "Moira," the fate of gods and
men. and you seem to hear the flight
of the long-haired Erinyes, the furies
of Vengeance.
As I said last week, the rebellion
at Sebastopol could not last; but, as
I also said, its effect on the soldiers
and sailors will be great. The army
is well-nigh in open revolt, and the
very first precipitate action of the
Government may bring matters to a
head. The press of this country
speaks of a civil war. I do not he-
Uevi in that. There may still bc a
number of troops loyal to the Czar,
but tlieir loyalty will not stand a
three days' trial. And this means
that thc struggle will be short and
sharp, and thc Czar's throne will fall
ere its occupant may even become
aware of it.
This, of course, on the~ supposition
that Witte docs something which
may precipitate matters. But in spite
of all the sinister rumors of a military dictatorship, wc do not believe
he will have recourse to high-handed
measures. Much sooner will he drift,
and in that case the armed insurrection will come from thc people itself. I believe it is close at hand.
H is preached openly in the Social-
Democratic press, in special manifestos, and at gigantic meetings. Thc
Government cannot and does not
stop it, and the masses organize and
arm.
Of course, Witte may be pursuing
in this the same tactics as were applied to Father Gapon's movement.
Ile allows the people to arm in order
to repeat January 22 on a national
scale. But he will find, when thc
time comes, that he has reckoned
without his host. He will only find
"i portion of thc army on his side,
and even that will not long withstand the appeals of their revolutionary comrades. January 22 may well
repeat  itself,  but  for  him  and   his
clique-and  the   victors will
people.    AS a matter of f '
not the slightest doubt that.il
first onslaught  will placc ,1, 1
country in  the hands of ,
tionary   government.—Th   p 1
in Justice. '-''■
The Anti-Military
[""•Pagan
become so widespread i„ i.i
to cause serious alarm in ,U
of the ruling class bru J
have so long depended upon 3
chmery of murder to ,„ainJ
economic tyranny over a DiJ
Italian working-class v„
silly schemes are beins rf,„
offset its effects.
Five Clarion sub. cards-
NegligeeShi
H«t Too Early ti Look I
Exclusive patterns are noisome of the choice ones will
early, and somo of the d«i
cannot _uplicate, lf you api
unusual styles it will intwMt|
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tho l-artest Silt Hat il tht;
These Hats have been enU
cally received by young mJ
the very first day ws brougH
out. Neither trouble nor |
has been saved in the produj
these goods, as you will M
acknowledge  upon examinttid
KILROY, MORGAN COj
111 Ciriivi Strut
I BURNS & Cl
*        HARDWARE and
; Second Hand Deal
,       Largest and cheapest »tt
,   Cook Stoves in tbe City.
Boom  Chains,    Augers,
I  gora'  Jacks,  Etc.
We have moved into our 1
and  commodious  premise*:
138 Cordova St., Easi
; 'Han 1571       Vnncoivir, l\
S. T. WALLACE'S!
CASH GROCERY STG
We also carry a full line ot I
ture,   on easy  payments,   st
that  cannot   be  duplicated.
inspect our stock.
Cor WeolMiROter Ave and Harric |
VANCOUVER, B. C.
C. PETERS SS
Hand-Made Boots und S!:c**» to srde|
■11 styles.   KeiisiiniE prsinpUylads
ly done.     Stock   ol ktspl- re'dr"
Shoes alwajn on Uud.
1498 WtstmiNiler Ave      Mn*I I
TAKE YOUR HAT TO
HAT H0SPITAL|
155 Cordova Strut
And   have  It  rejuvenated will
Ufa.   OH H_ta Cleaned, Vtaa
Made as Good as    New   by
workmen and at moderate co«"
Elijah Leard.
TUBS  MODERN   HAT  REM
LEE & MORGAlj
Sanitary Experts.   Plumbing
its liranchcs.       Estimates tuxi
Itopnirs,  Htovo connections, etl
CHARGES  1 * I'\ •"*(>>'ABL
NO WESTMINSTER AVE., Cifi«*
BRIDSON'S BAKI
Pow.ll Strtct, Cedar Cow
TRY  OUR  DREAD,  CAKBSJ
Mounting I,«rge Osme He"'" " S1
JOHN COOPER j
Taxidermist, snd Fur
SSI Pindar St. "PP Hn^%\
VANCOl'VKR. D. ft
il WAGE-LABOR
AND CAP^
BY KAIU- MA-*X'
Single    copies,   »   «J*J •■
copies, 25 dents; ••' ("'    i«l
cents;   40
copied  am
copies,
il.OOi
copy.
Vi,,*,. rates Inntad; Pj-fl
to any part of Canada
United Kingdom,
"The Western
Clarion
tw*4*4***** JAN 7 - W07
j'
a___s
en
the business man, when the Chinese
threw off the rags of wage slavery and
donned the livery of the merchant, has
living, and, tho standard or living t*-
malnlng the same, wages must also
rise    Should Protection be Introduced
tics.*-
Until
in  the
the   representatives
British    Parliament
liat many of those who have
of labor', hitherto opposed It have come to see
or   any I Its necessity."
They prospect' every quarter of the |
globe that may hold out hopes of |
cheap labor.   Anxiously have the plr-
for the next campaign. It'll not he
so long, with a doaen socialist representatives at Victoria, on March 7,
r

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