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The Western Clarion Jun 24, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, June 24, 1905.
subscription Pries
Pbk Year
Avoids Scylla ol Unlanlslm to Fall Into Charybdit st Socialism
lutge I""*1  °'  tno  addre88  Of  D.
Parry 1  President of the National
Dilution of Manufacturers,  at its
trillion    yesterday,    was   devoted
discussion of the rapid growth
Isocialistic sentiment in this coun-
during the pest '«***' tears.   With
1,1, tliui   Mr.   Tarry   said  on    this
ct  we are in cordial  agreement.
ulea I"1 ,,u! preservation of indi-
limliMii was '" the l"uin *w'">irabk'.
ti,. is no subject which the Nulion-
Uflocltttion of Manufacturers couldl
[.with of more immediate or prac-
I importance than this ol the is-
,,( Socialism,   which  promises  to
Iome oi tremendous moment to the
|jare ol this country.
, |. u pity, however, tfiat Mr.
iv, Willi nis antagonism to or-
ilzed labor und his bias iu favor
concentration of capital, fuils to
ognlze how inconsistent iu many
liects   his   position is as regards
|g8ue of Socialism. -_._._...._
Iowever socialistic  certain  tendon- |receive   at   their  hands   the
des of  trades  unionism  may  be,
however antagonistic  to   indivi-
[llsiii its  platform  of   the   "closed
Li"  is,  trades unionism  is,  never-
|less, today one of the most effec-
. breakwaters   against   Socialism
,h this country  possesses.     It  is
lv significant that the two strong-
fopponents of trades unionism in
country are Mr.  Parry's orgaui-
|ion and   the   Socialist   party,     lf
Parry  succeeded  in     destroying
ties unionism,  he might open    the
r to the very Socialism to which
[hen Mr.  I'arry in his address faille   appreciate   the   fuel that the
entration of   capital,    which    he
ends  us  "a  sign  of  a  great    and
lv  civilized   country,"   is   really „^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_
[its excesses paving the wuy lo So-iflow  of surplus  vulue.     However   by
Concentration    of   capital  combining  with his fellows,  thev' be-
lestruction of competition.  ... „ '       ■    ,c
'iome a power for mischief in this di-
tion of capital" clearly shows that
it was not for tho "preservation" of
this sort of "individualism" that
I'arry unwound his plea. Capital
grows, develops and concentrates,
solely by reason of tho surplus value
it is enabled lo take from wage labor. The rapidity of its growth, development and concentration is determined by the volume of that surplus value. If the volume be large
und the How uninterrupted, the
growth, etc., will be rapid. If the
volume be small or the flow be Interrupted, the growth, etc., will be less
rapid. That which tends towards a
targe volume und undisturbed llow of
surplus value will meet with the approbation of Ihe capitalists, but
whatever  tends  to  the  contrary  will
Either singly or collectively the
workers are powerless to permanently reduce the volume of surplus value that capital extracts from them
under the wage process. Favorable
conditions of the labor market may
for a time somewhat diminish it, but
the higher the development of the
mechanical appliances of industry,
the more assured becomes the supply
of surplus labor in the market, hence
the more unfavorable the conditions
from  the  workers'   standpoint.
Single-handed und alone, the workingman is powerless to  interrupt the
under the rule of, capital. So long
as the means of production function
as capital these evils will be ever
present, Therefore, the only way to j door
avoid the evils und do away with the
wretched conditions afflicting labor
upon every side, is to strip the garb
of capital from the means of production, b.v transforming them from
capitalist property Under capitalist
hands, into public property under the
hand of the working class.     This im-
less exercise of the gigantic economic
power of capital will attend to the
destroying process, and "open the
to the very Socialism" to
which Parrj and his ilk are opposed.
Tho journal's "best way to fight
Socialism" is excellent and deserves
careful consideration. It is such an
easy mat tor to "restore competition
Under well-established and equitable
tides governing the same" that the
wonder Is that   it lifts not long since
Notod Literary Wosua Lecture! oa Socialise
Learning  that a  lecture was to be  her own in regard to work, claiming
given   in  the  City   Hall,   Vancouver,   that  man  should   be  fed   before    he
on Thursday  evening,   June 22,    bv   col,ld be expected     to  work,   rather
;,.     ...     ,, ,, , 'than   that  he should  be expected  to
Mrs.   Charlotte  Perkins    Oilman,   ol  wo,.k   |(efore  Ueding     To  verify  Mft
literary  and   poetic  fame,   this  issue ' theory  she referred  to  the absurdity
of   ihe   Western   I larion    was     held  of expecting a horse to ne possess il
'.     i   • i      •    „„,i<... .    innnwin    of   the  necessary energy  to  perfor >
plies ihe abolition of wage-labor and jbeen done.     But the question forces ; back for one da} iu ortlei to inconpo- 'fWory.    wjtno,lt    f„.Kt   b,.jng  provide.
commodity production  for profit, and [itself to the front as to who lis to do   rate  a  report  of  the  U-cture  in    its ,wlth  food     required  to    generate ii
the substitution    therefor   of free la-jthe establishing      ""»»*     '-   *■-  —' """
bor and  production for  use.
As capital,  wage-slavery and their
•onseipient production for profit, are
the i    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
r,. is Indeed  u  measure  of  truth
Mr.  Parry's   argument    that   the
ing out  of th«' small   factory  by
great   corporation is merely an
■nee thnt competition is reaching
nrlier  plane  and   thut   there   still
:i ins a competition  between dif-
nt    accumulation    of  capital   in
e of the  former   competition   be-
n the labor of different  men.  But
big   competition   is   merely   war
nuns  at    conquest.       Its    area
t inevitably narrow and the dan-
Is thut the Dual outcome will lie |frame
onditlbn  of  monopoly  controlling
agencies of production und translation in the hnnds of a few  pri-
(• individuals  that  will  cause    the
iplo to step in and supplant    this
a   monopoly    controlled   by   the
te, which  is Socialism.
he best way to fight  Socialism, it
nis  to  us,   is   to   restore  a   larger
ree of competition under  well-cs-
lished and equitable rules goyerh-
; the same.    This does not   involve
■  wiping  out   either  of    organized
litnl  or   organized   labor,   but   it
•s moan subjecting both to such a
p-ee of  public    regulation   as   will
•vent monopoly and oppression and
o the individual the largest  possi-
indopendence and power of initin-
■•■ und growth.
he above    from  the  Wall    Street
iiinul is  for  at   least two reasons
('testing   reading.       First,   because
Its    palpable    admission    of    the
|owth of Socialist  sentiment,    and
>nd,   because   of   the   evident   lock
sufficient reasoning  power to trace
at  growth  to  the  underlying cause
m which it springs.
Iowever   admirable   Parry's   "plea
"the preservation of individunlism"
►'.'•  have been,   it    could   curry  no
ight  because of  the fact,  that   in
e making of it that worthy person
»s ucling ns  advocate  and  BppkjBS-
iii of  the  National   Association  of
tunifacturors,  an  organisation  elfec-
■l for the purpose of doing certain
Ings which  were beyond  the  power
the IndividuSj manufacturer to ac-
hnplish.     By  the very  act  of orga-
pfttlon, Individualism had been re
una ted, hence any plea for Its probation coming from those Interest-1
I Ib not even entitled to a respect-
I hearing.
The reference to Parry's nut agon
'*" to organized labor and his bias
favor of concentration of capital
5*s bare the reason for his solici-
de for individualism, and tho exit lo which he would have it pre-
rved. The mobilization of capital,
"-'•. its concentration, renders more
«*tlve its operations. The farther
«' departure from individualism in
Is respect, the more efflciont capi-
I  bee
rection. Collectively, the workers in
mill, mine or factory can kick up a
whole lot of trouble for the owners.
'Hy stoppage of work they may interrupt the flow of surplus value into the capitalist stomach, This will
soon cause an uncomfortable gnawing in that most vital part, and produce other uud numerous unpleasant
sensations throughout the capitalist
llei-ogni/iog the powerless-
ness of the indivnlunj Workmen lo
cause such mischief, capitalists will
become loud-mouthed advocates of
"individualism," regardless of tne
fact Ihat. their own position and
power is duo to u repudiation of thut
which thoy so zealously advocate.
Individual action upon the part of
workingmen furnishes the ideal conditions for capital, as it furnishes a
greater certainty of its undisturbed
operation, and the uninterrupted flow
of surplus value into its over, hungry
maw. It therefore requires no very
keen perception to discover the reason for Parry's "antagonism to organized labor," nor lo understand
the brand of "individualism" for
which he unwound his "admirable"
Thut which the Wall Street Journal denominates as the "Sociulist
tendencies of trade unions," is a creatine of imagination only. The
trade union cun have no such tendencies, because of the fundamental
root difference between trade unionism uud Socialism, Tbe former, regardless of the cognomen it may
wear,  is  builded from  premises lying
made possible only through the organized powers nl the state being
used iii their behalf, the first step in
the program Of Socialism necessarily
becomes that of gaining control of
those  organized  powers,    that    they
liia.v   be used  to effect   the end desired.
The end sought is tho abolition of
capital, wago-slavory and production
for prolit.
While trade unionism vainly essays
the impossible task of wielding economic power which it does not possess, Socialism essays the possible
ino of first obtaining control of economic power for the purpose of subsequently wielding it. A wider fundamental difference could scarce be
imagined than that,
the tw:j movements
That   which  th
What  power  is  to 'columns. |She evidently overlooked the obvioii
bo conjured forth sufficiently great to I   The meeting  was presided over by  fact    that    the  illustration  did   not
, ,.   , ,. , 'u™    n    Merrill   Hue,is     who    heforo   sen''   lo   prove   her   theory   correct,
force mankind upon its approach to- Mr*.   H.   Mcirill   Hums     who    befor.   ^   ^      k        ^  MOthf  ftninml
ward order und method, to face about. [intraducing     the     speaker    unnouu- -
und return to the chaos tho turmoil,
the confusion and the strife, of the
competitive regime? According to
tho  Journal   "organized capital  and
,  ,u .   ,u    i    . u    ,       ,iman)  had a halter  upon  the horse-
ed   that   the  lecture    was   not given   thereby preventin
^^___________________________________________________^ ng him from follow-
under the auspices of the Soiiulis„ ling the bent of his own inclinations,
Local,  but had been arranged for by   which   would   undoubtedly   be  to  ob-
individuuls who were desirous of af-  lain 1°!,<'  ,tJ sailBfy the demands of
, , daaaoaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaar-i,, "is system as expressed  throuirh tho
organized lubor ure to be subject to lording the Vancouver public an op- medium of his stomach, and not for
"public regulation." Of what does 'portllnity of hearing. Mrs. Oilman, tho purpose of working. By virtue
the public consist if it be not both I i;Pon being introduced, the spouk*.r of the halter, the horse becomes mere-
capitalists and wage slaves alomr iwas K,e'',ed wilh applause by a fair ',v ttn Instrument in the hands of man
with     „     .„,„ i„„„ (. >.        .,   "1. sized auuience, widen in the main ac-  to enable him to  reduce  the amodnt
"   ,a    l,"mlcs'"I)t    collection    of   corded her an attentive hearing.   S.ie   °f human work necessary to provide
small-fry property owners, who being | briefly  sketched  the history  of  man himself with sustenance.    To further
neither fish,  flesh,  fowl nor good red  to show how human society had at-   prove her  theory she referred to the
herring,  are hniurino- onto vh* *,(„ .tained  to  its  present  organic   form, |">abe  that  had  to  be fed  and  other-
coming up through the hunting, pas-Iwlse  cared   for    over   a  considerable
  agricultural       stages,   Period of time in order to arrive at
save  from       very       humble       beginnings l™e Stature and become possessed of
being    engulfed    in |away     Lock     in     remote   antiquity. |the enerl**.v.  enabling it  to  work,  ut-
the   poisonous   miasms   nf   ih»   ,.=„„ iThe     speaker    contended    that   this I*8"? .unmindful    „r   the  well-known
•o hanging onto the skirts t
of  capitalism   by    the  skin  of  their '^ Zd
teeth,   in   the  futile  effort     to '
inomselves   from
poisonous   miasma   of   the   nam' <      -«-       —- —-    «—■»   -—•-  «..»* xt a ,t    ,   ^ ...        . 	
swam., below      -such   ,  ,„m .growth    and    development   had   fur-  fnct #** lh'.1'r*t thing that interest-
swamp below.    Such a public cannot <nitihed   the  historic  basis  of Social- "'« »*tl° animal ^es upon his   ar-
reasonably   be  expected  to    regulate ;ism.    She showed quite clearly that  mval  in  ,nis  'vorl(l  is-  in* obedience
xisting between 1 anything,   and   until   the  proletariat i although   this  growth   and   develop-10  'he wants of nis system as con-
abandons  its   policy     of   commodity \mmt ntt<4 *''(jre '*n'' more completely ;*r,'"'ve'1   to  his  infantile  brain  by   his
  ompletoly , ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
rournal fancies to (juggling, and.  fired by the spirit   of -"bmirged  the efforts of the  indivi- *•£«**; %$%££ ^Tnml^anf
s,„i.,ti^(i,.   . «i „ ...     i      ,i     D      i • dual in the complex social process of  J"-'".lnu''  win   iiiook  no  denial,    anrr
socialistic tendency ol trades jthe Revolution, moves on to the con- | pro<luctioii and distribution. man h*\ln* ****« whicb it will turn to
unionism is merely ;l manifestation quest of the public powers, and eco-[still tenaciously clung by heredity to and "P ,vlth commendaBIe energy
upon  the [mil   of individuals in  it   tpjnomic   mastery,   the    rigors    of    the those   individualistic   idnn.s  thai   had Ilo  "'^e  the  most of.     To  still  fur-
abandon  its unsound  premises,  which '"winter  of our discontent
will   no   doubt   eventually   result     in   tir.ue  to  in.reuse.
the complete abandonment of an untenable    position.     This   means    the
end  of  trades   unionism.
Parry  will  not  succeed  in destroy-
will con-
been iuq
'"individualistirid"eas"Hthat"liad l|f niako. iho ,".,01st •*•    "? 8ti" *£■
implanted   in   the human    mind   ',R,r.. «ubstanliato_# her   theory, _  the
fur back in the infancy of the race, T* ,??>■* ^w-fSrV. rft
the individual man obtained ?,wfn ?*£?*£»*• ^tu**. ?** °^
stonanco b.v his own efforts, "f" e the,.Horse' '&***& unc"n-
unaided by his follows. So firmly i^,OUh '*' J*0.*** *at*1^«}^
was this idea still fixed in his mind iar«""Jf»J,'!' >s -support she had the
that oven while partaking of the food ^fffi* ta lh° rea'' °' **« Vchule
wearing   the  clothing   and   occupying ,
the   habitation   produced   by  the  so- |    Outside of Iho reference to the his-
omo things 'economic, God help he who is guided'rial   labor  of  all    the    workers,    he   torical groundwork of the modement.
' would    declare   with   the  utmost  as- .already mentioned, Mrs.  Oilman gave
surance   that   he   supported   himself, |no  evidence   Io  show    that  she  pos-
regardloss of the fact that tho things ^eessed the slightest knowledge of So-
^^^m cialism.
;i    "  '.v.: ;—*  "'" "7,""",'  own manufacture entitled "The Cart
.when   the   individual     man   obtained  ,,_r    ,.,__   ,. 	
Adieu to I'arry and the Wall Street  his    sus
Journal, nt  least for ihe time being.
If   tint  latter  is  no  hotter  authority
on   mutters   financial,   than   both    of
ing trades unionism, as ho is but an Ithem are upon matters political and
individual   and   there  nt
outside   the   scope,   and   beyond    the  in   his   investments
power,  of individualism.     The merci- columns.
by     reading    its
Eadones Ike Socialist Pullios Alter Years Al OssMitibS
ho enjoyed and through which he preserved his existence, hud been provided by the collective lnbor of millions of workers, of which he might
or might not lie one. Though the
clinging to this idea brought disastrous results the breaking of it.
down  was  a slow  process,  owing to
The cold, prosaic facts of capitalist,
production, and the bitter and relentless spirit of class war that they
are engendering in the bosom of human society, appear to have escaped
ht«r  observation.
  I   Candor    couqivls    the    confession,
We  suuposo   that,    our    country    is,have adopted   the  modem  scheme  of  thc  tenacity   with   which  man clings (that,  as a  lecture on  Socialism, her
"booked"   for   socialism.     Greed    of  capitalizing   the   needs   of   the   multi- ' to hereditary traits. effort wasi quite the  tamest ever of-
speculators   is   bringing   it   on.     Ex-  tude,  and making the multitude pay!    The cold, prosaic facts of capitalist IfereB  in  \ ancouver.
ploitation  of  public  utilities   by   our  dividends  on   the capitalization.
first     families     hurries    it   forward.      Everything tends towards this new
Such  incidents or operations as  this j division or alignment,    it is empha-j
one,  under our own eves,  ol cap'itali-' sized   by   the    demand    of   President i    ,   „.   . c ,.  u.   i   ,. ,,   A ,,       ..• .  .     "iTVIi. "Z
za.ion of the streets of Portland io Roosevelt for regulation and control , The United States government has ... food than that to which thoy have
millions, in the interest of private of the railroads. It is furthered by been lately engaged in a whole ser- .been acenstomod But a period of
•ndividuals-the   public   expected     to efforts   everywhere  exerted,   and   wit- !K'S "f investigations with the purpose-depression   would  easily  compel  such
pay dividends on the usurpation-are nessed  in  Portland    as elsewhere to- "' determtaing the relative values of .adoption  and this once having been
making   socialists   by   thousands,    in  day,   to   capitalize    public  functions,   certain  lo<,,,s-.   At  ie°f>  U'1S llJ*f
every direction. land   to  turn   then,   to  private  pronti .reason gem-rally given   or the oxiKtii-
It is the same with all  this exploi- for  support     of   "first    families"   in lments* but ,l woul<1 rathcr seem that
I that it   i.s not   easy   to   persuade the
masses   to   adopt   a   different   regime
taUon of   the modern   time.     Ojiera-1 luxury  nnd   idleness.     It  is not
taken up it  would not be ousy to restore  the  old  standard  of  pay,    the
standard of food prices huvjng fallen.
cheapness  of  food  supply  is  the  ob- [There is un ominous suggestion here
tors everywhere are seizing their op- I issue    which    this      newspaper    hasr60' °'  ^ ussiduous care of the of- |of  the purpose of the capitalists   to
portunity to "capitalize'' the wonts sought. Gladly, rather, it would
of the public, in ways to create great have avoided or averted it. Hut it
properties and obtain great divi- i is upon us today, and it challenges
(lends. The people believe that the j attention; and tomorrow and next
licinls.     The   following   statement   of .meet  the competition of low-paid ori-
Dr. Walter Evans, chief of the Bureau   ental  labor which  they  have  to face
of   Insular   Experiment    Stations   of
Ithe  United States government should
in the future b.v the reduction of the
wages   of   American   labor   below    a
under   which   the   productive  forces—I of  it   is duo  lo  the  inordinate  greed
in   particular  those  related  to muni-1 of  a  plutocracy   that
cipul   functions—may   be   transformed   mit   that  it   has   had
into socialized effort. jland Oregonian,
shed  light  upon   the  actions  of    the   standard even  thinkable at  Uie prosing growth !Kovt'rn"«ent in  this regard.    Dr. Ev-   ent time,
inate  cre«*I r^18 hns  utH'n vi(,iting  California and I    Another   point   to    notice  in   these
:>nly  check   to  those schemes of   pin- I.veur its demands will be more Iffipe-
tocracy lies in a socialistic movement! rathe still.    The astonishing growth  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
[ordinate greed |noj,jn,g a surit.K of consultations with | remarks of Dr. Evans is the stat
never will ad |pronissor j„na 0f tmj State l.'niver- ment that the poor families are b
enough.—Port-t^y    wj,ose   investigations   into    the, ing used ns the subjects of these e:
The Oregonian has not been willing
to see this change. But in the con-
tost that is coining—forced by the
greed of capitalism and of exploitation—it finds itself compelled to yield
to new conditions. In the contest
bet ween greed and privilege on the
ono hand, and popular tights on tho
other,  it   will follow  the demands of
  This   is  universally   true
very     wide   ropjututon in   n,l   departments   of   investigation
among    food    specialists.      ln      the where experiments on  the person ure
course of his  remarks  upon  the  sub- necessary.     Thus   the   hospitals   fur-
ject  of  his   visit   to    the coast,   Dr. "ish   the   living  subjects  for  medical
Evans said : experiment.     The  appalling  cruelties
"Perhaps  the  most  interesting   of and    unnecessary   tortures   inflicted
all the experiments ot  this sort which !upon the helpless poor by the physi-
the   government   authorizes   are   now clans who afterwards employ the ex-
Irelative nutritive values of food have  periments
After years of bitter and persistent I given   him   a
attack   upon     Socialists    and     their
cause, the Oregonian has at last been
compelled   to   unbosom   itself  to    the
truth.     Just  how  sincere it   may  be
in its confession,  time alone will tell.
In  this, as in all other cases of con-
omcR, because its massing of
Pital becomes a magnitude of eco-
'""ic power sufficient to break down
opposition, ond brush aside all
stacles. The sum of Individual
I'itals embodied in a corporation
ssess a greater economic power
*n «ny one of the individual capi-
* composing it. By this concen-
Wion of capital the individual copi-
lst und hU individual capital, be-
""• NwnHowed up by the corpora-
"i and lose entirely their Indlvidu-
His bias  in  favor  of concentra-
mcuttilly a commodity movement and
us such its inspiration is a commodity inspiration, lt of necessity assumes the commodity form of expression, in its every act either political or otherwise. It could no
more breathe the spirit of the Revolution and rise to become a part of
the cluss struggle, und at the sume
time remain u trade union, thun the
finny denizen of the ocean's depths
could become a land animal, and nt
the same time remain a. lish.
The Journal correctly sees that so
long aj the workers pin their faith
to the trade union line of action,
that institution acts ns a "breakwater" against tho rise'of Socialism.
Even the occasional mischief in the
way of interrupting the stream of
surplus value caused by trade union
action, is far preferable to the capitalists, than the rude ending of their
scheme of exploitation which Socialism   threatens.
Tho critical nnnlysis of capitalist
production made by Marx and others
shows conclusively that the evils
complained of by the workers under
the present system do not arise from
tne wrongful acts of individuals, but.
are  incidental  to,    and    unavoidable
Alice 11.  S.ockham, of Chicago, | order  to  help supply  the  family  lar-
has   lathered,  or rather  mothered,   a  dor,   and  upon   the  part of  the
plan for the cure of race suicide.    Itjtalists,   bow
vast benefit to that class of people.'
No one will dispute that it is a
matter of national und indeed of human concern, that the relative values of food products should be de-
Itermlned, with some degree of accu-
Irucv to tho ond that there may be
as little waste us possible, uud  that
poor ure taken advantage of by the
United States government for the
purpose of investigation to the end
that thoir standard of living may be
still further reduced and that tho
class which at present has possession
of the machinery of government may
draw still greater returns for its investments  and   may   beat   down    by
extent.     There   can
scheme   of   the  that  there is much i\
be  no   question
struct ion of life
IS Of equal merit with 'and loss of social energy through the
who morolv abi l"'",'0s'''' b-v Persons misuse of foodstuffs and ignorance of
study It thin™ n S'"Jace' •*' their rhdr "WWttve nutritive values. But
o   dent v on  s^ ;   ?,ockh'""    18   the workings „f lhe capitalist system,
s^mendwr is ™V* ft6 Ja,t   *•«  shmv ,hut "v"" *<> b,',,"fid''1 » »«*
^^^^^^^^^^^ capi- ! the   pyhsiqtic   of   the   citizens   should . ^^—^^—
. lo   make   profit   out   of   be  benefited  to  the  greatest possible  sheor deprivation  the competition  of
establishment P^»^O^O^SBBBBJSBBBBBBlBaillllll^iiii^^^^^ ^^^^^^^■"■■""""^        ^^^^"^
federal department of human oulturo.      This   matornalism
and   like   Other   federal   departments,   female medico
presided over by a cabinet minister.'those   usually         ,„»,„„»«, .oousuu.s ana ignon
It would deal  with such subjects   as   who morolv ski... ,u..  »    :    ..   .   i.   .
home    making,    home    building,    do- |-
niostic science, marriage and divorce,
tokology  or child  study,  etc.   Perhaps the most Important part of the
work of the new department  is to be
a people whose cost of living has,
under the pressure of necessity, been
brought apparently to the lowest
[possible limits—Austin Lewis in Tho
she offers sh?^"''     Th°   Pre8crlPtipn ! bulk of the inconvenience fulling upon
the building of comfortable and sani- Inosls of the case   Ta.T ^T °"t1 tt - , , ,
tary dwellings, nnd the regulation of careless in diaanVisrin. it ESS**9 . "'"'F de,t«r,uinod- s«.vs the
marriages by ft system of prapara- cases thai ,' ,„ 5 i* . ,,mIiv,«'u«I spokosman for the government. Just
lions and qualifying examinations, she doubtless thouJh ri?fc trt*n,mc,,t h,"w rm'a',,-\' a Poor ^"'".v ean live.
This will, of course, be conducted tingly. proves of ?.-I.<'rhaps -,,l.,wlt- I lh".mos' rtomontary student of eco-
under  the direction of exiierts.
If the now department can solve
the problem of home building and
domestic sciences, within the limits
of the average workingman's wages,
with any better results than already
attained by tho workers themselves,
Its achievement will be akin to a
Just what the aim and object of
Dr. Alice's proposed child study is,
is not stated, In so fur as the
children of the working class are
concerned, the chief purposes of child
study today, are upon the parents'
part  how  to  get   them  to work in
Close upon the heels of the wicked
killing nf llalpn Smith's I'nion Label
Bill b.v tho blood-thirsty Senate at
Ottawa, comes the cheering news of
a glorious victory won at Tacoinn,
Wash., by tno Longshoremen who
have been on strike for some months
._ ..— mighty
Smith to know thnt it wns just about
the Senate's size. We hope the great
man will henceforth confine himself
to the Introduction Of more practical
and less radical measures.
ment    but   one   thing  can   ocour-the I struck  by its rising  triumphantly at
acceptance by a portion of the work-I another,   with haughty and  arrogant
capital doing the prostrate net ut its
ing class of the new scale of living
nnd consequently the general lowering
of the wage scale. It is true that a
mode of life is liurd to change   and
feet. The "world do move" and
"Labor omnia vim-it" especially if
orgnnized along right lines.
111 '   ;
I ■
h Western Us
Published  every  Saturday  in    the
that  could
truth and dodge the inevitable. These jperty  that    in    fast    making   of   tie  achievement.      A    brain
!are days   that  demand    open-handed wort,* a channel  house. I give birth
.and courageous  attack  upon the en- i   l*"»t  the  "plant is
latersetaof the Working Class alone i—; (jonfJageupoulheWage .laves   above   the   company   Is   the   United I[ajaalitiea   c
jthe power to rivet
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement,  106 Hastings  limbs
street,  Vancouver, B.  C.
owned and its lout   being   thrown   into puerperal   fe-
,.,„,     ...... ■     .,.,'       tack  centered; business   directed"    by    the   Postum jver.   must   certainly   be   of   vigorous
company,   no one  need  for  a jand excellent quality.    If it could tie
the chains of eco- foment denv.     That the only power {shown  that   the  powerful originating
upon the point from whence he draws .Cereal
States government, and the State of ]the result of a diet of
Michigan is equally true.    That both j fee
Strictly in Advance.
lot*    of
Yearly   •ubarription   card*   fen
•»• or more,  75 cent* **< h.
Advertising  rat**  on  application.
If  you   racalv*   tbl*  paper   lt   i*
and  "Ori|>e Nuts,
jof thebe are in the possession of  Uie Icellent   advertisement    it
capitalists, that ban/1 of human vam- 'for  those no doubt  meritorious arti-
^■aT'Every   Local    of  the  Socialist
...   j Party of Canada should run a earl
lostujii «-m-iunder  this   bcad     $1 qq per moatD
what  an ex- | Setretarje8 pi,
ould    be
Atfdrwa* all eommuolcatloo* to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch the label on your paper
If this number in on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
Jun" 94, 1'.'05
In spite of heroic efforts on the
part of so-colled economic organi/a
lions of labor to prevent it, the average wage, and therefore condition,
of labor is indisputably sinking.
Economic power implies control of
the factors of wealth production. Aa
the workers possess no sa< h control,
economic uower is to them a minus
quantity. iJy their ownership of the
means of wealth production, tlie capitalists hold absolute control of all
the factors of production, including
the laborers themselves, as these lat-
l8r'ure compelled by their dully necessities to deliver their labor-power
to the employers. Hence, ownership
of the means of production, is the
pivotal point around which must
center the struggle between the master class and tho slave class, in fact
disguise it as we may, the only
question worthy of consideration
that cun arise between them is,
which of those clusses shall own, und
therefore control, the means of production? Wherever that ownership
rests there lies absolute control of
tho economic power, and it is childish folly for the non-own ing class to
make pretense of controlling it in
even  the slightest degree.
Under existing circumstances, for
workers to muke pretense of economic organization is the veriest bosh.
They possess no control, of economic power und consequently have
no basis upon which to build such
an organization. Like other dealers
in commodities they muy effect combinations for the purpose of .warding
off some of the worst effects oi competition, but even these are eventually forced to succumb to tho crushing
power of uu overstocked market, if
the working 1 lat.s is to effect economic organization, and wield economic
power, it must first obluin control
of thut which lies ut the buse of such
power. That is. it must attain to
ownership or tho means of wealth
production. Thu title of ownership
of the controlling factors in economic powor, i. 0., thu means of production, is sot up und defended by
the organized political power, in the
present instance, tho statu, lt requires, therefore, no deep reasoning
to discover that the lirst step that
must be taken by the working cluss,
if it is to at 1 din economic power, is
to obluin control of the muchinory
of the stute. With the powers of the
statu under the control of thu capitalists, the roud lo economic power
is effectively burred tu tho working
class, uud t»e prolongation of its
agony  in  wugo  slavery  assured.
Probably no careful observer of the
trend of things, expects tho obtaining
ol control of thu powers of the stute
by tho working clnss, will tie accomplished merely by tlie jiuaceful expression of its will at tlie ballot-box.
I.uwh will not enforcu themselves
oven when promulgated in tho King's
inline,   and   it   is  highly   improbable
that ballots will possess any greater;
(dynamic  virtue.
Whether such control be seized by
tho ballot, or by a resort to physical force direct, is a matter of little
consequence, once the necessity of
sucn a seizure becomes apparent, in
either event lt will bo Iho political
action which the circumstances render imperative upon the working
class, lf It is to arise to the control
of economic power upon which Uio
very IIvoh of lis members depend,
To mislead the workers into believing that thoy ran cope with thepow-t
<ers of capital through ridiculous
commodity combinations, miscalled
economic organizations, while they
refrain from assaulting the capitalists in tho very citadel of their power, the machinery of state, is a crime
against the working class, for which
every one guilty should be made to
pay tho extreme penalty. These aro
not times for thimble-rigging, and
Sdeight of bund efforts to disguise the
The following is quo tod in the Pot-
tor's Herald: "Immortal fame awaits
the man who will invent a word con-
temptible and loathsome enough to
Idescribe the scab who forsake* hit>
'fellow man awl goes over to the enemy in times of strikn.'."
There is Scarcely a labor journal
I throughout the country that has nol
! contained vigorous editorials during
Mho past few years in denunciation
Iof tho scab. Tha most tropical and
j fiery vituperation has been hurled
iaguinst the traitor who commits
j treason to his fellow men u|>on the
industrial battlefield. The scab is
(nothing more or less than the imtur-
lal product of an unnatural system.
Unsanitary surroundings breed an
Iepidemic, just us a rotten, debauched
civilization breeds the scab. The wall
lis but. the effect of a rating, und until
'the COOSe is removed, the scab will
always be in evidence.
Denunciations uml opprobrious epi-
i tints applied to the industrial floe
Oian, will not depopulate the army
lof truitors that are serving us tho
allies of arrogant and despotic em-
The labor press must truin its editorial goir- aguinst the dehumanized
system /(hut gives birth to Uie scab
instead of wasting umuniuion upon
the effects—the natural products of
an unnaturul, cold-blooded und murderous civilization. Tho coining of
u new word more odious than scab
would not make barren the WCiumb
that gives him birth.
Strike at th" cause and the scab
will disappear as fever disappears
through Improved sanitury conditions.—Miners'   Magazine.
The comment of the Miners' Magazine upon the above quotation is decidedly  to   the  point.     'i"he  so-called
pires of which Posturn Post Is by no Ides.     As  the  Posturn  brain
means  the  least,   doubtless  accounts Sated"   the  Posturn  products
for    Uie   acknowledgement    that   his jing   to   Posturn
company is subject  10 the powers of
such  governments.     No  sane  person
expects tho company to tie subject io
the laws or rules of any ather organization.     Only   ill-informed   persons
could  be  guilty  of  the impudence of
meddling in the company's affairs to  as  a   proof  af  the  value  ol
Uie extent of setting up laws or rules   coffee and  "Gripe Nuts'*  as
njg up
to govern its operations
Post,   it   would   ap-
jiear.   however,   to   be itself     the
product of anti-Postum-food diet.
Therefore, the Posturn effort to put
a premium on brains, by citing the
Posturn brain as evidence to clinch
the  argument,   cannot    well  be  used
of   Posturn
a    brain
The capi
talist conception of properly carries
the endoremeot of a vast majority of
the   people.     Through   this   endors-
I producer.
The only thing "originated" by
Postum's capitalist tribe, has been
Schemes thnt would enable them to
ment capitalist property is justified, rid.- on Ihe backs of tho wealth-pro-
and, until it is withdrawn, ((insisten- Iffucers, and silly excuses to justify
cy demands that the rights attached 'the riding. About tho lamest ex-
10 such property be observed in tlieir cum- of all is this one about brains.
enUroty. The fundamental, and With the means of wealth production
therefore sacred right, of capitalist {capitalist property, the labor-power
property is that its owners be al-01 tin- nun-owners must be sold as a
lowed to use and enjoy it undisturbed commodity in the market, the price
and unmolested. As Posturn Post < wages) determined by the number
acknowledges the power and uuthori- {of workers as compared to the num-
ty  of   the   United   States  government   bor   of  jobs
and the State of Michigan, in the
premises, it would be well to make
a note of the acknowledgment, for
reference when the time comes that
those powers have fallen into the
hands of the working class,
that class deem it necessary
Under such a system
brains are not required, and are
therefore superfluous. The capitalists do not need brains to skin labor, for the workers must perforce
bring their own hides to market. If
Should I th<? workers had any brains Uie sys-
to take   tern   would  not   last  an  hour.     This
some action to  which Posturn might j might   be  taken   hy   the  workers   as
n indication of the value of brains,
scab  is   bred   from   the  dehumanizing  |amj
object,   simply   calling  his  attention |al
to   his   previous   acknowledgment   of j should   they  ever    accidently  accniire
the authority of the state should be  any.
sufficient to dispose of his objections.      Jn humbly   acknowledging   Posturn
"Years     ago     we    purchased     the U'ost to  be the most original origin-
conditions und circumstances of an
over-crowded slave market, i-x-ono-
mic pressure will force oven the best
of men to do things against which
heir bettor nature rises in revolt.
VII workingmen do not in the same
degree possess Ihe stamina to withstand the onslaughts of capitalist
oppression. Some are more easily
induced to submit to oppression, or
are more readily cajoled into submission thun others, nor are all circumstanced ulike. A thousand and
one things should be taken into consideration uud most carefully weighed, before judgment is passed upon
individuals for their acts.
Tho term scab, applied to a fellow
victim of the wugo system, will not
fall from the lips of a workingman
who has anything like a clear conception of capitalist production, and
its inhuman und merciless labor market. It is a hateful term and as a
rule unwarranted, it has no place
in the vocabulary of the revolution.
It hus boon born of that lamentable
Ignorance that even yet makes the
so-culled lubor movement, a stench in
Ihe nostrils of decency. The prolific
use of the term among workers indicates un absence of class spirit and
class-consciousness, .that precludes ull
true conception of the class struggle,
and renders cluss action impossible.
It is high time it was cut out,
says  Posturn.     This  may,   in
lator   thut  over  "originated,"   we do
A sign is prominent in our main
office reading; This plant is owned
and its business directed by the Posturn Cereal company, limited, subject to the laws of the United States
government and the State/of Michigan. It is not subject to Uie laws
or rules of any other organization
Years ago we purchased and {mid
for the land. No outsider owns or
has the slightest interest in any
square inch of it.
Wo perfected certain articles to
manufacture, und we own them absolutely.
We purchased material for buildings
and paid the full price agreed for labor in construction.
Saws, pianos, squares, hammers,
levels, shovels and trowels directed
by human hands, those hands directed by minds of workmen, und those
minds directed by our own minds,
constructed the buildings. Neither
the buildings or the articles to manufacture were originated by workmen,
but thoy are solely and alone tho
children of the brain pf the owner
and originator. A fair nnd agreed
value was tfi'ven for the use of tho
tools, hands und minds of the workmen, and when tho factories were
Completed and fully paid for, not one
ounce of material or any other thing
of value of the most minute form belonged to nny workman, but the entire institution, lock, stock and barrel, belonged lo us. We can shut It
tqi or operate It, tour it down, sell
or give it nway as suits onr Judge-
iiinnl, for the entire property is ours
in exchange for exact equivalents,
uud tiny  trespasses on  that property
or interference with our management
would   constitute   an   net   of   bandits
and outlaws.
Tho above is from an address re-
lutlng to property ownership, delivered by Mr. Posturn Post of "Gripe
Nuts" fame, nt the recent convention
of the National Manufaoluiers' Association. Tho address Is remarkable
for nothing except the impudence of
that worthy's protenNlons, nnd tho
senile sophistry with which he attempts  to  Justify  a system of pro-
his   opinion,    establish   a   valid   title   so wiln a heartfelt desire to puy well-
Headquarters,   Vancouver,  B. C.
Uominion Executive Committee,
A. It. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 5S1 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
of B. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening In the headquarters, Ingleside block (room I,
second floor), 813 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock in the Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary. Box 836, Vancouver, B.  C.
C. II. J. B. Harper, secretary.
Rock  Hay Hotel,   Victoria,  B.  C.
Scigfried, secretary, P.O. box 208,
Revelstoke,   II.   C.
LOCAL NANAIMO, No. 8, Daniel
Livingstone, secretary. Box 452,
Nanaimo,  B.  0.
LOCAL OREENWOOD,  No.  9,   Abel
Halllierg, secretary.
LOCAL VANANDA, No 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Texada
Island, B. C.
J. Cdwasd Bud. a. C. Bbtoon-jacs
Gko. E McCHOtnus.
Muvinct ;
Secretin ii k pirate aja^"**1    •'« 1
to place* card under thi, (,„,,   ,       ,
Phoenix Trades and Labor   r
Meets    every    alternate    m   'l**
John  Riordan, president-   p^l
Brown.  vice-nresiHen.-    p   .-'l'v"t'
Brown, vice-president:
cassc sergeant-at-
bury, sccretary-tf
108, Phoenix. B. C
cassc sergeant-at-arms; W n"P
bury, secretary-treasurer   P ,, ,
,,.u    l»i, ;„    «>    . • '*■'>. ||0,
Phoenix      Miners'   Union    „,
VV.  F.  M.    Meets    every af* I
evening at 7..10 o'clock  in' M     '
Wm. Barnett, president"."
•*""■"- —rretary.      ' %
sale F. Berry,
Nanaimo A/iners* Union, No^Tiii
F. M meets every third SatJJ
from July 2. Alfred Andrews „rl
ident; Jonathan Uherwood P n
Box 259, Nanaimo, B. C '
ing secretary.
The   International   Brotherhood^
Electrical Worker*.—Local No
Meets   second  and   fourth
days at I.
B. F.. W.
Hall. R,
President j
Bluckstock; recording secretary »
HcDougall; financial secretary's
Elsden. Address all romman*|
tions to the hall. All sojourttf
brethren cordially invited.
Railway Block.   Tel. 82v.
314 HatUees Strati     -
P.O. Box 932.
■. e.
and we are ol similar opinion, that
is as long as ho tan hold it. If we
have boon correctly Informed this
same land in common with all the
balunce of the territory of Uie United
States, once belonged to those whose
title did not rest on purchase, but
ti|x>n occupancy and use, a title
which had been established through
generations and which had never been
disputed. Even this title could not
hold good against the advancing
needs and requirements of human
kind, and we fancy Postum s title
will likewise prove defective when
the time comes. True, no "outsider
owns" this particular land at present, but every member of the human
family has an interest in that and all
other land, although it is not the
same sort of an interest that Postum
refers  to.
"We perfectledi certain articles to
manufacture, and we own them absolutely," with the accent on the "we.'l
Presumably, from the name of tne
company, it is engaged in the preparation of cereal products, or rather
putting them through some part of
the process  that   brings them  to   a
deserved tribute to the value of a
Postum coffee und "Gripe Nuts" diet
as a brain-producer, and to the excellent quality of the Postum bruin
now matter how It happened.
To express unbounded admiration
for the remarkable proficiency attained by the .Japanese in the Christian
art of wholesale murder, is today
quite the fashion. In terming it a
Christian art we do so > advisedly.
Practically all of the enginery and
equipment for this horrible trade of
slaughter has been conjured forth
and brought to its present high state
of efficiency by the foremost Christian nations of the earth, nations so
intensely und thoroughly Christian
that, their parliamentary deliberations are invariably opened by invoking the divine power to smile
with favor upon their Christian
schemes, and bless the schemers. The
drilling of so-called li-iman beings to
manipulate   these   murderous    imple-
land where no drunkenness, filth, nor
misery exist, and where strikes, labor
disturbances, and social discontent
are unknown, in the May Arena,
however, we are given the other sWe
of the picture by Mr. Kiichi Kaneko,
who writes, as he boasts, not as a
patriot but as a Japanese Socialist.
He is apparently not a relative of
his distinguished namesake, the baron. If his words be true, Japan is
utllicted with the usual social vices
und troubles incident to modern life,
aggravated in her case, by over population and under-production of the
staple articles of food and clothing,
while its people, moreover, frequently assume a very hostile attitude
aguinst organized government and
Uie established order of things. Mr.
Kaneko speaks of serious strikes in
188U, 18«y, 1«01, 1W02, and in
11104; and in describing the situation of the poorer class oi citizens
generally, he says in substance:
The condition of the workingmen
in Japan is a most miserable one.
They are working generally twelve
hours a day, and sometimes fifteen
hours. Ordinary workmen receive
from 12 to 20 sen fit) to 20 cents)
a day; skilled laborers from 30 to
•10 sen; girls earn from 10 to 20 sen,
and children only a few sen per day.
Even skilled mechanics receive but
50 sen per day; Japanese policemen
get only 12 yen |>er month. Carpenters receive 75 sen per day.
Mr. Kaneko also has nothing com
ments of Christian warfare, and deal
out  death   and     destruction  without |p'»uientary   to  say   of   Uie   Japanese
... !government  or  of  Uie  ollicials   who
form   suitable   for   human consump- j conscience  and   without  scruple,   has administer public affairs.    From   the
been done by Christian masters,  the great Marquis Ito who "is personal
thoroughness of 'whose teaching   has  ly   the    worst    type   of   statesman,"
been    amply    demonstrated   in    Uie
orient during the past few months.
Every Christian nation of the earth
looks upon  the slaughter now going
tion. It is a matter of history
known to every school l>oy, that cereals and cereal products have been
known to, and utilized by, mankind
as food, for countless thousands of
years. In whatever form these products may be found today, has been
the result of thousands of years of
human experience. In fact Uie sum
total of knowledge possessed by human kind today, of how to make
things, and do things, is the result
of the accumulated intelligence of all
the countless millions who have lived
since man first mude his appearance
upon the earth, each individual and
generation but adding their little to
the common stock. In the light of
this, PoHtum's "we perfected," is
enough to make a horse laugh. Postum us a pretender is certainly hard
to  beat.
As far as we know it has not boon
disputed that "we purchased" nnd
"paid the full price agreed for labor
in construction." Capitalists are
quite in the habit of doing that when
they cannot steal outright what they
want. Wo will take Postum's word
for it in this case at any rate.
The magnitude of Postum's pretensions ure' grandly set forth in the
assertion that "neither the buildings
or tho articles of manufacture, were
originated by workmen, but they
were solely t"v» children of tho brain
of the owner, and originator." We
have always been possessed of an
overwhelming admiration for brains,
but the excellence of the Postum
bruin is indeed superlative.
The art of building, the making of
tools and machinery, and the cultivation and preparation of cereals is
as old as the race, and yet the Postum brain experiences no difficulty
in giving birth to those wonderful
achievements. After all of tho materials and implements have been
brought to Postum's hand by tho
labor of innumerable generations, it
must bo acknowledged that the mixing of some cereals into a compound
and calling'it "Postum Coffee" or
"Oripe Nuts"  was no slouch cf   an
on with evident approval and gatherings, they are all
satisfaction. No protest against this*
practice of the art of murder, worthy
of the name, arises even from Uie
ranks of that host of sanctimonious
walking delegates whose supreme mission is to maintain proper relations
between the ruler of the universe and
the "worm of the dust," thus safeguarding the interests of each to
tlieir mutual satisfaction. As the
ruler of the universe has not "poured
out the vials of his wrath" upon
those Christian nations who take so
kindly to the art of murder, nor is
it a mutter of record that he has, in
any tangible manner, expressed his
disapproval, the inference may be
logically drawn that it receives his
sanction. Wo therefore feel justified
in terming it truly a Christian art.
Judged from the standpoint of her
proficiency in the art of wholesale
murder, Japan might at first glance
appear to be a Christian nation. She
is not rated as such, however. There
is another side to the Japanese
shield, nnd that is the side representing her internal alTairs. Even a
cursory view from that standpoint
will show thut she will not need to
ruti'ogadc very much before sho will
bo duly qualified to don sanctimonious garb und join the Christian
throng. Though Japanese civilization may not properly be termed a
Christian civilization, the following
which wo clip from the Literary Digest, may be taken as a symptom
that the virus of that affliction is
lurking in her veins, and liable at
any moment t o break out. She has
probably acquired Uie infection by
Seamy side of Japanese Civilization.—Tho civilized world, regaled by
the glowing accounts of such influential Japanese as Baron K. Suematsu
and Baron K. Kaneko, has been led
tfl  be!ii»v«   '.hat .'aj.-on is as  Ideal
and of whose "private life," "immorality" and "degraded character" be
is "ashamed to speak," down to the
despotic policemen who arrest too
enthusiastic  speakers    at    socialistic
bad, and
each contributes his purt in creating
a condition "somewhat better," it is
true, "than our neighboring country
(Russia); but when we come to compare Japan with England or Uie
United States, we can not but feel
ashamed that wc are so far behind
both these countries." The loive of
country and loyalty to the Mikado,
universally believed to be a national
trait of the Japanese people is, in
trlie opinion of Mr. Kaneko, mainly a
fiction of the imagination. Mr. Kaneko claims that all the trouble which
he sees in his native land is due to
the fact that the constitution in
force provides for only a "make-believe" government of liberty and
equality.    We quote the following :
"The Japunese government system
is the make-believe system. It is
not by the people, of the people, for
the people. It is tho government of
the few, of the nobles, of the titles,
arid, above all, of Uie figure-head—
the Mikado. There is a strange line
drawn in the society af Japan. It
extends 0 little higher than Uie heads
of the people, and once you get witih-
in this line you are assured of perfect safety all your life; your condition is insured for life; nobody can
disturb you; no criticism will affect
you. That line encloses Utle aristocracy, the titles, the confidants of
the Mikado. You cannot hope to
prevail against a man within that
line. No matter how incapable or
unworthy he may be, you must be
contented with him; otherwise your
life Is no longer safe."
Tee OMtsI Laker Paper ia Canada
Always a fearlesss exponent in the
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will l«
sent to any address for one year.
Work ingmtn of al I cou nt rics will
soon recognize the fact that they
must cupport and read their la'w
Issued every Friday.
The Voice PiMishia; Co., Limnd
Published  Weekly   by  the
Wnliri rtdaratran Of Miners
A Vigorous Advocate of Laliuti
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00       Six Months, (a
Denver, Colorado.
Kurtz's Oiva        ~,
Kurtz's Pioneers   yjlffl
Spanish Blossoms
C    PFTFRS    Practical Boel
u. rcic.no Md Shoe n,akef
IlaiKl-Miol    Hunts and Kliocii lo unlit in
■11 *tylt».    KrpuiritiK promptly nnd neil-
ly done.     Stork  of staple   ready-made
slows always on Iihui!.
1451 WtstalMttf Ave       Mount Pleautt
155 Coriovi Street
And   have   it   rejuvenated   with Mf
life.   Old Hats Cleaned, Pressed
Made  as  Oood  as    New    by <'M«'rl
workmen and at moderate cost.
Elijah Leard.
liberty is not to be handed 'I""11
by a master class in response to tl*
request of its slaves, it is '<»to
seized by the slave class, againsl «j
opposition b.v the masters, let "■
cost be what it may. Liberty wort!
having is cheap at any price.
That ridiculous yawp so i-onii*11111''
ly put up by workingmen alio"1
demand justice," is be oming
to the point inducing nausea
isn't Justice they need so much »'
sense. If they will spend less ll™
howling about the former, and '»M
in acquiring the latter, they "j1
soon come to realize that the ««'l°
obtain what they want is nn' W "l
manding, but by taking.
United Hatters of North America
to It w I
When you ars buying • FTJR HAT ■*•   -        .,,,
th* Genuine Union Labal I* *ew*d In It.    If •' ret"
has Ioom label* In hi* possession and offers    to   I
ons In a h»t for you, do not patronize  hiw- |„,
)«b*I* In retail  itor** are countsrfrit*.      I'1* '"
Union Label Is perforated on four edge*,  •x*"ty „,,
asm* as a postage stamp.    Counterfeit*     »"'    "
times perforated on three edge*, and «(>»"" '"''''\, ■
on two.    John B. SUUon Co., of Phil adeljiMn-
non-union concern.
JOHN  A.  MOKKITT, President. Orsng*. N. J
MARTIN    LAWLOK.    Secret*™,   ll   Waverly    '''
New York. ...:'J.une 24, 1905
iii«,in in
Lighter Vein 5
Humor, Wit and Satire from
. Scissors and Brush.
|1|i; „i .SV EDITOR.
Charlotte Mangold.
Eitor sal
Int.- «!'•"
like "0
,,, i,is easy chair,
lie thought  he did not
li\ ing  from  the ads of
i„. dipped hia ink-smudg-
„i pen.
,1 ,„• thought  lie could detect
''•lili-il |,.wtiiie  in  some  respect
'uurim Uown.   Man fall
I, 11,im' Lack of
iUkii in.   I'lague Breaks out..
inland-     I ll* Soldiers     out i
l)ttiis Jinny. Wheat Hunts
j.iiKe Chocks Destroj mg Cup,
■lers l-'.iij".'   Great  Outing
Hngiiig i\nb- Judge Lynch.
,b  | ,,.    Iteer tloes Hewn.
Iverti.sing) Comas to 'town.
It.-in - i i
Politicians  Retire.
it blng Store on I- Ira,
luiidud.    Coehler*s  Plight
, .   i.\.i-.\ LlliUg   III   Sight.
povfii.     King put  to
s «lie leaves homo und
... I.
n i hon ii.    Iloliglous Fight.
■il I..iv..'..•'' Takus Widow m Mite.
mlty—Expelled   from
■ a; |ioem declined with
sis iiesmt to Force.
Heath.    Marriage.
Church Excursion,    Merchant
Iiii..ii Discourse,   Bargain Sales.
, Smashup.   Baseball Score.
jtrike Settled,    impending
in Convention,   Mercury Drops.
|t  Kates Higher.    Sociul Hups.
se. things ate paying hews,"
■ m >>r Ui himself (lid muse.
Aimer (,'aittes of the Arkansas Railroad Commission wus talking tiio
oilier da,\ about railtpad travellers'
"If you do much railroading,"
suid Mr. Haines, "you happen on a
good many Interesting and curious
tilings. I happened on un interesting and curious thing only last week.
"I was silting in a certain train
when an old farmer came and sat
down  beside me!
• "The conductor soon appeared for
tho tickets, and the farmer shoved
his big, hard hands Qrst into one
pocket anil then into another. lie
gOl excited and red. 1 lis clothes became mussed and tumbled.
'•By jingo,' he suid, \l can't seem
to locate  that  ticket nowhere.'
'Well, said the conductor in a
good-natured way, I'll stop around
again later on.'
"And lie went oil with a smile and
a nod.
"in about twenty minutes he re-
itinted. The farmer went through
ull his pockets again, got red In the
luce   again,   mussed   and   tumbled   his
clothes again all to no purpose.
'Never mind now,' suid the conductor. 'You've gut thai ticket,
und you'll liiul it yot. You're a little flustered. That's what's the trundle. Ill come back again ufter a
"And, ai last the conductor returned for a third time. But he
didn't allow the old man's third
rummage to go far. He gave a loud
laugh. Why,' he said, 'there's your
ticket, there In your mouth. You
must have hail it  there nil the time.'
•• I guess I must,' suid tne farmer
"And he took the ticket, out of his
mouth, and tho conductor punched it
and passed on, convulsed with laughter.
"The farmer was a hard-headed,
Bolld-luoking old follow. Alter a
while I   ttlt-ncd  to  him and said:
I'm   afraid   your   losing   your
memory, sir.',
"lie chuckled and assumed a crafty air,
No  fear,'    ho said.      'No   fear.
I Thai   ticket   was a month old, uud I
was just soaking the date uiv it.' "
-oiii his w indow he did
L-rtaker rumbling b,\,
muttered,  as bis eyes
for him.
A NTH   111 li.H   ROADS.
|\n- a>- Hard and Smooth as
•tiiiil from <Inn Knd to the
11 <
a a
iad   builders  in   tho
I'd ies of red ants found
lull    linerica.      In   building    a
lli.'.   carrj   minute   particles   of
Ivith   which   they   line   all     tin-
is   well   as   the   galleries    and
- nf their nests till tle\   look
eh  as  ii  cemented  by   a   mas-
en      Some idea  of their ntiiu-
iie formed when it is romeni-
mi   the whole ot   this road  to
ee, perhaps nearly half a mile
|- i!..|is,-ly thronged wi'h a inul-
going out   empty   und  coming
kvith    their     umbrella-like   liur-
[while    thousands   upon   thous-
ti'in in  Ihe doomed  tree,
hia   \ust  army   is  under  tho
cipHne can   be    proved    by
lin;   iheiii   only   for   a   few   uiu
Tho drivers  ure  constantly
g   up  and   down   giving    their
to  the  workers,   which    they
touching heads for u moment,
(dividual so  toucbod will stop,
ck,  hprry forward or show   in
I"».'.   that  he  i.s following  some
I'tiil.    Hut a belter proof of the
ino  is found   in   tho fat    that
|tliu army  meets with an obstn-
1 h as a  log  or  a   large  stone,
is a jam of ants on both sides
r'"'A' run about in dismay   and
•' '■    Instantly the drivers hur-
,  showing   the   greatest   excile-
•uiii i un over, around and un-
•■ Impediment  to find thu best
'"I of tho difficulty,     When they
ecidod they lead off the line of
in  Iho proper direction.     Hut
Ithey lake this step the workers
Mm attempt to pass  the obMu
I'i   it   Selection   of   |1   level     piece
'"iid has been made, u porpon-
1 shaft some H inches in diuiti-
M"i six or seven feet deep is
1     I his is for drainage   and
|alion,     never     for     ingress   or
''   the  ground   slopes,    tho
la horizontal,    ihe mouth,  of
'■  '"-ing   ot   the botto f    the
Prom thu perpendicular shaft,
.'"'ing   nl    the   bottom,   radiate
""-,   like   the   spokes   of   n   wheel
11   right   angle.     At   the  ond   of
s"i'ies   of    galleries    n   circular
in made, forming, as it were,
"I wheels, one above the other.
mtlier above,    these    circular
os. the nests or dwelling places;
fiiMrucie,].     These   nre  oval   in
nnd about a  foot long.    The
I'v end of the oval  Is downward
Ql)ens .into  the  roof of  the gnl-
j"iil ns the spokes always slope
U.v toward the shaft no tropical
'■<> matter how heavy, can en-
"' homes nnd breeding places of
f"'-< -Chicago Chronicle.
Hannibal   Hamlin,   for  many  years
n I nited States Senator from Maine,
and \ nv-IYesidcnt during the civil
war.   was   Wont   to   tell   Ihe  following
stor.\   on  himself:
An   Englishman   In   the    name   of
Pearson, while passing along the
main street in Bangor, stepped in a
hole in the sidewalk, and, lulling.
broke his leg. He brought suit
against tho city for il,000, and en-
gaged  Hamlin as counsel.
Hamlin won his case,  but   the city
appealed  lo the supreme court.    Here
also   tho   decision   was
up   till
•i t lilt;
.r   his
and   1
asked  the  English-
hn sent
him 81.
nut ii.
ing out
and SCM
Tho lInglishman  looked at
lar   and     'hen   at    Hamlin.
a ruled
s  your
ray  fee
tho cost
alter   luk-
o'f appeal
■ral    Other    expenses,"    suid
the   matter   with
it  bad?"—Boston
this."   he
the dol-
said;   "is
By Philip Jackson,
Have ) Oil  ever  heard   the  story
Of old   Balaam and  his ass:
How he drovo it, kicked it, starv
Till  al   last   II   cajjie  to  pass
That  tho brute in desperation,
Driven  mad  by  toil alio care,
SpokO   a    word—I hen,    with   his
Sent uld Balaam In tho air?
-il it
A rr.ah is embarrassed if you remark upon his new clothes, but a
woman is offended if you do not.
A man will turn his culls to save
three cents on bis laundry bill, and
celebrate his economy by smoking a
lifteen-cent cigar.
To hear her tell it each woman has
either the best husband in the world
or the worst. There are no degrees
If a man buys something for tbe
house he always talks of it as a
present to his wife; but if they sell
their furniture he wants the money.
Many a man expects his wife to
equally adorn the parlor and the
kitchen, and neglects to supply her
with  the  Incentive  to  either.
If a man goes down to get his
wife a new dress and himself a plug
of  tobacco,   which  will  he forget?
About the time a man has learned
to carve a turkey he is called ufton
to acquire facility in the art of
handling a baby.
When the head of the house says
"we must economize, my dear," it
means that his wife must do without
new things in'order that he can afford the usual number of cigars.
A man does not appreciate the responsibility of fatherhood until he
has taken fr^m his overcoat, pocket
that which he hastily snatched up
for a handkerchief, but finds it isn't.
Women have more courage than
men. Whoever ever heard of a man
daring to marry a woman to reform
A man doesn't realize his complete
unimportance until he begins to find
the baby's things is his top drawer.
A woman can work best while talking; a man to accomplish anything
good must be silent. This illustrutes
the superiority of the feminine mind
in its ability to do two things at
Having recognized and rewarded tho
man behind  the gun,  how about the
woman behind  the washboard?
Sometimes, said Superintendent
John Flynn, of the Indian School at
Chamberlain, S. D., the arguments
of children are unanswerable. You
see that little girl with straight
black hair tied with a red ribbon ?
Well, her name is Arrow. She is a
chief's daughter. Her father and
mother are quite civilized, and she
is being brought tin in a household
us  civilized  as  a  llostonian's.
In argument it is sometimes impossible to get the better of her.
She said to her mother one day:
"I wish I had a new doll."
"But your old doll," her mother
answered, "is as good as ever."
"So am I as good as ever," little
Arrow retorted, "but the doctor
brought you a new baby.' "—New
York Tribune.
iVe solicit the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who rrnlize the udviKibil-
ity of having I heir latent business transacted
by Experts, rielmiin.uyadvirefrer. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request, Mai ion & Marion, New York l.ife llldg,
Montreal ; uud Wiuihinc'tou, D.C« L'.t.A.
by buying thta
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
A farmer recently paid a visit to
a neighbor, and as he passed along
by the side of the fields he made a
mental note of the fact that no
scare-crows were visible. Meeting
his neighbor almost immediately, he
opened conversation as follows :
"Good morning, Mr. Dates. I see
you have no scare-crows in your
fields. How do you manage to do
without  them?"
"Oh, well enough," was the innocent reply. "You see, I don't need
'em, for I'm in the fields all day myself."
"Why do so many actors insist on
playing  Shakespere?"
"I  suspect,"  answered Mr.  Storm-
ington   Barnes,     "that  it's because j
they can take all  the credit if they
succeed, and blame the public's lack
of literary taste if they fail."—Wash- |
ington Star.
Needed in Every Hono.e
A Dictionary of ENGLISH,
Biography, Geography, Fiction, ale
New Plates Throughout
25,000   New Words
Phrase*   and   Definitions
Prepared under the direct supervision of W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., LL.D.,
United Slides Commissioner of Education, assisted by a liuge corps of competent sjieciulisls and editors.
Rich Binding*   2364 Quarto Page*
SOOO Illustrations
IJSyj'/ie International was first issued
in 1890, succeeding the "Unabridged."
The New and Enlarged Edition of the
International was issued in October,
1900. Oet the latest and best.
We also publish
Webster's Colleslate Dictionary
with Glossary of Scottish Words und Phrases
1100 rujft-a.   HlHI Illustrations.   Silo 7ll0i> 6-8 lui'liM.
"First-class In quality, second-class In size."
Specimen pages, etc. of both      - *■*.
books sent on applicution.    / ftM
G.6C.MERRIAMC0./ websters
n    1.1,    t. ICOLLEGIATC
Publishers,        • \ diction,^
Springfield, Mass.
Kit  this  bargain-hunting maiden
I" r|f .votith has full  nnd plenty
I rumored that hor ago is
J   ""inoteen reduced from twenty.
l"u scorn to he very quiet ali of
f"'cn," .saw T<he ciock key_
l''s> I'm all run down," replied
iciock. "Time is money, they
IMIguoss I must be bankrupt."
pat being the case," rejoined the
11 appoint myself as receiver
"Proceed   to    wind    up   your   af-
an agriculturist Rojestvensky
■* 'o lack method. In plowing
J "King main he does not striko
''{■lit furrow.
[to you know thai all the bosses
I   In tlie workshops of toddy,
Trent   tin'  hunds  who  labor  for  tliem
In cviicth   the sftWC way?
Thai   thc.\   drive  nnd roll nnd  starve
.Itist like Balaam did his ass,
'Cause chcy want   to make a profit
An a fori line to amass?
lint   ull.n   Italaam   went   In   heaven,
And the donkey won! scotl free,
|?OI    t he   I .    '   I Imn   ill   his   liilel 1	
11 was hnp] V as could lie ;
Chen ii  only had to forage
l-'ni- enodgh to food itself—
Never more had  ii   to labor.
To pile up another's pelf.
Sn   the   tollers   in   the   workshops,
tin the farms and In tho mills,
When they   raise their voice of  warning,
And  thev east   their vole thai   kills
All  tlie schemes of gl'Cedy bosses,
(Who largo fortunes would amass,
Thoy   will  send   their  foes  to  hetivcn,'
dust ns did old Balaam's ass.
Then, with no one grabbing profit
From   the  labor  of   their  hands,
Thoy may own  the tools  they work
own the 'aeterics, mines and lands;
They mn.\   live Ihe lives of freemen
!    (For there'll be no robber class),
When   they   use  tlie  same  good judgment
That wait used by Balaam's ass.
—Chicago Socialist
"Young nun," said the old merchant, sternly, "I caught you kissing
the typewriter when I returned to
the office this morning. What havo
you to say, sir?"
"Why," replied the bright clerk,
"you told me to attend to all your
duties in your absence."
She—The mnn I marry must bo
"only  a  little  lower  than  tho  ang-
lle (suddenly flopping)—Here I am
on my knees, n little lower than one
of them.
He got her.
Printing That Is RIGHT
OIII    JOB    PRINTING   Department   has  been  recently  added
io by the purchase of a new
Job Press and oilier material,    our
Job   depart incut   is  now   turning  out
the best job, commercial and other
classes nf printing. If vou havo anything in the way of Billheads, letterheads,    Envelopes,    Cards,    Tiokots,
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 836
Programs,   Dodgery,    Pamphlets   or
Hooks, or any kind of Printing which
you want executed promptly and
correctly,   send   it   here.
Mail orders for Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed to tho letter and sent return
mall. Prices tho same as for work
done In this city. Try us with an
-   Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why,
j. 5 and 7 STOKE STREET
Telephone 296 VICTORIA, B. C.
und Poultry Food to obtain
best   results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
bUmftAULS,        Ktrike  at  the ballot
box  on   Klecticn  day,  and  be aure
to strike the
Rock Bay Hotel
When  in   Victoria.
ARNASON BROS., Proprietors
Victoria General Agent for The
P. 0. Box 444
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»M»MMM»mM»
Colonial Bakery
•2!)  Johnson  ,^t.,   Victoria.  B.C.
Delivered   to any   part  of  the city.    Alk
Driver  to  call.     'Phone 849.
Patronize  Clarion Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for'$3.75.
Buhdloe of 25 or more copies   to
one address at the rate of one cent
; I MM«laclirtr tl
Nt. • Ciatrt It.
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The only Labor Paper in Canada that advocates the abolition of the wage.system and the
ending of Labor's exploitation. It is open
and fearless in its advocacy of Labor's cause.
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Send in your order.     Get your neighbor to subscribe.
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*«*»»»«*^»*»«*» »*»»«»»«*»#<**»»*«.««i#.»«;»#»»#»«»*V»«#*»#»*»»#»»»»»»»»«(Ki«»»#»««#
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
ii: conventi 1.1 a cembled, affirm oil'
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog.am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should 'u^tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ccuiirmic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist, is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in 1
struggle for possession of the powet
of government—the capitalist to hold:
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, <t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective'property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
ai possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it: if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands In such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
Local....;...." Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spreinacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers iuto a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political j arty", and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada on! v.
Age         Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19	
 Chairman         Rec.-Sec.
; !
•: I '51
■3 HaflE WXSTfcitH CLARION, VAyCOUVBt, *. 0.
-•'Junp 24
*>•:>   :•
'. ■
, a-JH-i-.f:.
An Opportune
Tine for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
of reading matter. Try onr book
exchange. Return two old books and
receive one new one.
HI Abbott Street       Vaacsmr, B. C.
Mail orders promptly attended to
The following letter received by a
comrade in this city has been banded
us for publication. The writer 1011-
firms the reports, that i have • been
coining in for some time past, of extremely dull" times in the interior,
and large numbers oi" men looking
for work. Signs are not lacking to
indicate that a period of industrial
depression lies just before us, that
will make that of the early 9U's pule
into insignificance.
Dear Comrade:—It is a long while
since you and 1 corresponded, but
that is no reason why I should not.
write you again when I have something  to  tell  worth  telling.
1 have been in this beautiful und
fertile valley (UKunugan; lor nearly
a month now, ami have been uuuble
to find steady employment yet.
Everywhere you go in this valley
and 'the Similltamcen, the some
"slave murket reports" • are to be
heard on every side. The Coldstream ranch (Aberdeen's big land
steal; is laying men off 'til harvest,
and I suppose they can live on grass
and scenery in the meantime. The
hotels are feeding quite a lew slaves
'til haying starts, und some of the
poor succors think they are having a
fine time eating their wages before
they get them. \Vait 'til they get
square at the siuve pens (I mean
hotels;, and the full work is over,
with nothing luid by tor winner; und
see how they'll look. The majority
of them Can't see that far ahead,
though, und therefore they ure sutis-
lied, poor fools.
There are a lew Socialists scattered about through the country, but
the majority of them are not very
active propagandists. At present
they seem either afraid of their jobs,
or afraid it nrfght interfere with theiri
getting one. There hus been quite
a lot of rain hen; lately, und the far-
iners are overjoyed (more profits; ;
and tbe slaves are also overjoyed
(more work;.
Workingmen are travelling about
on foot all through this and other
parts of li. C. "chusing a job," und
as I see them "hitting the ties" with
their blankets on their backs, 1 am
reminded very forcibly of Comrade
Fowler'll "lilanket Stiff" which runs
He built, the roa'd; with others of his
He built   the road.
Now o'er it many a  weary mjile
He |iacks his loud—
('busing   u  job;   spurred' on   b.v   hunger's goad,
He  walks und  walks,
And wonders wfiy in hell he built the
- road.
In conclusion, this place has been
boomed so much that there are
slaves here from ull over the "civilized" world, and they all huve about
the same story to tell, namely, that
no matter what purt of the world
you may go to the sluves are in much
the same plight as they were at
home,und my advice to my fellow
wage slaves is: Slay where you are
aad steal before . you starve, and
don't be buncoed by the glowing accounts in the capitalist press about
big wages und lots of  work.
As to Vernon itself, it i.s a beautiful place to come uud shake for the
drinks while you are waiting for
resurrection day. And upon my soul
I believe that is a good way to fill
in the interval if you don't give a
(1     n about the consequences.
You may give this to the Clarion
or not as you please, and if you have
a few spare copies of either the Clarion or something else with the platform in it, I could do better propaganda with it than I cun now without.
Kind regards to yourself and Mrs.
B , and the rest of the family.
I  remain,*
Yours in the Cause,
A Wage Slave.
Vernon, B. <!,., June ?, 1908.
•   o	
A number of youths of the upper
clusses, students, male und female,
and ships' euptuius huve volunteered
to do street cleaning in Stockholm,
(Sweden to replace the strikers. This
is probably the first useful work the
most of them huve ever been guilty
of during their lives. It would be
Interesting to know .hint how the
"dignity of labor" will befit them.
 o •
, i Lyons, France, muy justly boast of
having the most energetic policemen
on earth. They have actually gone
on strike. The energy of the ordi-
■"nary article is usually measured by
that degree of activity required to
lean against a lamp post.
A' capitalist on opening his watch
to know the time thought he heard
strange sounds coming from within
it, and as he listened with astonishment he discovered that there was a
discussion going on among the different parts as to which of them was 1
the most important or entitled to
the most pay. The first voice that
he could distinguish was the deep
boss of tbe main spring, which was
claiming that as it' hud to do all the
drudgery and furnish the power it
was entitled to the most. The hair
spring immediately took exception to
this and said that it had the most
ditlicult task to perform, that of regulating or controlling the labor of
all the others and so dividing their
movements us to cause them to come
out correct to the fraction of a
second, and. therefore, it should have
the greatest pay. It admitted that
it was weak' and frail and required
the L<;st of care to enable it to do
its work, but it called attention to
the skill that it had to exercise und
the long und costly course of preparation through whicn it hud to puss
before it could even begin its work.
The entire train of gearing then sent
in u vigorous protest, and said that
if it were not tor tnem there could
lie no power transmitted and both
springs would be useless.
No sooner had they ceased their
buzzing than the frame spoke up und
said that its work was the most important, for it had to bold all of the
other parts in their places, and,
therefore, it was entitled to more
pay than any of thorn.
"But," said the hands in unison,
"of whut use would be the labor of
ali of you if we did not constantly
travel around and around over the
lazy,  do-nothing diulv"
"Thut may be very true," retorted
the dial, "but what good would ull
yotr travelling do if 1 did not sit
here und hold these numbers in my
lap to tell the time of day! \ oy
must, remember that 'they also serve
who only stand and wuit.' "
"Stop your quarreling," said the
case. "Cunt you see that each one
is as necessary us the other und must
do its duty or their would be no puy
or credit for any of us'.' Even 1 am
necessary to guard and protect you,
and here I stund, galling, open-mouthed, listening to your useless discussion insteud of doing my duty."
With that it. closed with a snap und
the springs und wheels set to work,
euch with a better realization than
it ever had bofori of its duty and
of its dependence,upon its neighbors
for the accomplishment of any useful
"What a lesson 1 have learned,"
suid the capitalist, us he replaced
the watch in his pocket. "Now. 1
can see clearly that in a properly
organized society there can be no
sucn thing us a 'dead level,' for one
useful worker is just as important
us another, und when he performs the
labor for which he is best adapted
he is entitled to just us much pay,
und even to be ^ only u cog in a
wheel' is as important as to furnish the power or to control or regulate it. it is just like a chain;
remove one link and all the others
become useless. 1 know that the
Socialists have been telling me tnat
for years, but I never realized it so
forcibly before. I must investigate
the subject further."
are held every Sunday Evening at 8 o'clock
Headquarters:  313 Cambie Street, Room 1
At any rate the strike is au anti- i The Employers' Association of San
o,uatcd weapon whn.n is becoming Francisco, has, according to report,
more and more Ineffectual, t'ombin- {notified the printers that beginning
ations of men dependent for the liveli- with Julj 1, the nine-hour day would
hood of their families upon daily be substituted in place of the eight
work at poor pay. cannot long pre- hours formerly prevailing. This is 'become
vail     against    combinations   of   men  just   aa   it     should   be.     The   sooner   pletely   through   the
Electricity, in the form of lightning, has struck down trees from
time immemorial, but it has been left
to the skill of the modern engineer
to apply the action of the fluid usefully to such a purpose. Anyone who
hus ever seen a great tree felled, understands the risks run by the operators. Whatever precautions may be
taken there comes a stage in the
proceedings when, after being almost
sawn through, the huge trunk stands
upright by a mere filament of wood
and bark, which a sudden gust of
wind may fracture with results disastrous to the men within reach of
the huge, spreading limbs.
Quite recently the writer knew a
man who was killed by just such an
accident. Hut" the uae of electricity
in place of a saw does away with
this danger. A wire is led across or
around the trunk, and through this
a current is passed which causes it to.
red hot, thus burning corn-
timber,     which
''oe m
tt ste*!,,,
thickness—suy,   along  the
railway, or tn front of
vigatlng a rive* du.ing a
The readers of the Western ,,,
are  requested  to  take parti™]   '"'
tice of  the number upon the  *' I
sl.p on tneir paper. " A ^"W
number of subscriptions will^1
during the forthcoming »»JTex*
This holds especially tr.„. ;,, ^
to*subs, taken by Comrade "Si
during his trip through the ■-•"
during  the full of lUoil.
_ H
wish to continue receiving the? 3
should be careful to renew m *§
piration of present sub. ju "^J""*
avoid any break in the regular; *
lt should be borne in
' lsMH
therefore   falls,   although   there   may
be no men within a mile of it.   This
who coutrol millions oi capital,     in j workingmen are taught that the own-
these circumstances  the  strike  is  not   ers   oi   the  means   of   living  are  mas-
a contest between man}   woib$ngmep 'tei■-■> uf the situation,  with not only
and a few  business men;  it is a eon-  authority but power to dictate work-  method  has  already  been extensively
test between many  workingmen   aud   tug    conditions,    the    better.     Some  adopted   in   France  where  the  necaa-
many   other  workingmen.     As  in  all  drastic   lessons are still  required    to
other forms of physical  warfare, the compel the workers to see the point,
business men hire  workingmen  to do  and as they can never act intelligent'
their fighting for  them.      This is   an!b    towards    relieving    themselves  of
advantage which in tlie long run la-  the crushing burden of wage slavery
bor  organizations  cannot   overcome,   until they do see it, may strength bo
i'hej  may make mutters uucomfoi la- [given  the employers to effectively ad-
ble for  employers,   they   muy  deplete   minister  the lesson.
their   cupital   and   disorganize    their -'  o m
business, und in such ways discour-1 The through "train''had stopped at
age them from resisting future ithe little station for water. "What
strikes if lair settlements are yossi- ,do you people do to amuse your-
ble;   but   these    possibilities   dwindle'selves   here?"     usked    the  passenger
Electrical    hairdressing   is  another
curious applicatian of the same form
energy.     Hair    is   burned  off    by
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^luiiul that "a
names are stricken from the lis,
expirutlron   of  the  number fM M
made,     ■&
pa> iiumt  has
number  826.     If  that number"!?!
your  address   slip  your  8UI,   JJ
While the
with this issue.
of the Western Clarion do not
for subs or renewals, not nUsk
ward any schemes to obtain »j
they will take pleasure jn (0|."1
ing to any address 5 j early
cards for »'l.75. Bach card *»»
accepted as payment in full for '
year's   subscription    to  the %
Clarinn when returned to this
as employers'  organizations increase   with the upturned moustache* and the
their   effectiveness.—The   Public. bored   look,   who  hud  stuck his head
 o  lout   through a car wiodow,    "Well,
ue. git a lot o' fun comin' to the
deepo an' lookin' at the queer critters that goes through yere on the
k'yars,"  replied  the native  who  was
Upon this earth, that i.s, as it were,
loaded to the guards with those national bounties from which man
might, by the exercise of common
sense, easily stock his larder, what
a glorious time the human animal
has in lighting with his fellows over
tbe material things of life—food,
clothing, shelter, etc. What a. magnificent crop of poverty, misery, vice,
crime und shame results from this
senseless warfare. Aud yet the human animal, were he to observe a
bund of cattle in u field where the
grass was in abundance for all, acting in u similar manner by ruthlessly goring one another, would be im-
pclled to invade  the field armed with
lounging on  the
station platform.
—o- _
Benjamin  F.  Qaskill,   a prominent
Though it   is now   the    ,(r1)0<j
Hummer time," the unemployedm
lem   seems   just   as   pressing m\j
England, as at .any time durinij
last winter.     A movement is no»
foot   to   march   the    unemployed
London town to Interview tiu. ^J
Just   what   good   Ihe    King  ',-,,
them is not stated.    Perhaps hi
give them a job, and we suspect!
is    what    they    need more   that,
thing  else.     It   is  to  be hoped ]
iressilt  of   their   London  joutney
„„„,„,   »u„„ .  ,. . _»_,    ..     . interview  with  the Kine will i.
passed   through  an elect rirallv-ch«r<r-       , , •  . .     .        *
~t  .   v.       .  ., eieciruaiiy-tnarg-   galore,   long   jobs,   steady  jobs
ed tube of German silver encased in   hard  jobs,   for  a  job  is  a verH
soapstone. "Balm  of Gilead"  to the weary
In a somewhat similar connection * . ~e. P"*^*^?" Job-wort^
on electrical bootblack has been invented. The "patient" seats himself before the machine and a boy
turns up the bottom of the trousers,
set   of  electrically  driven
electrically heated platinum wire
stretched along a metallic comb;
{curling irons are heated by means of
ferro-nickcl wire within them; and
boiling   water   is   provided   by   being
a   set   of  electrically  driven   brushes'	
Philadelphia business man, a member  cleans  the dirt from  the boots,  ano- [contemplated expedition Wl
of  the stock  exchange,  cleaned  up ajther   set   blacks   and   polishes   them, lfa,:t,,ry lo a" concerned.
Wat Tyler and his mal-contenli
time   went   to   London    to
King  and  get  something.    The)
all   that   was  coming   to them,
Wat   himself   was     so     uvcrburdaj]
with   the  load  that  he couldn't]
it.     I-*.'t   us   hope   the   result     J
To   become convinced   that ruul
neat  three-quarters of a million dol-  „   . _ . ,    . „._ _    ._ .      ..
, ,       .    ' . ii. . r    .       lnnf' a J« ' Of warm air breathes upon
dors   by  lorging    stock     certificates. | . * .^___.
.The forging was not discovered until   "hem   to   heighten  the  effect,   exactly endowed with spiritual qualltli
ni\er   Ids death.     Though   evidently !as is done by a human shoeblack. eminently  befit  him  for  that bt|
'a  believer in  "dividing up,"  he was!    Most   bovs    have     plaved   with    a'lir'' 'n the fut**re that  Is his lot|
tnot a Socialist. L__..„ ..u..~*    .   ._   '. = *.= ..... asking,   it    is   only   necessary tj
A   bur     	
rudely interrupted  by  tne police re- |same
idea   is  now
"     ,'■",**; ."i""-*TTi,"'!'7" ."u"i" !c't,ntI-v   ttm'e  industriously  engaged in 'gigantic   scale  In   the
u good club und bring them to then- >       Uj      a sate     This ,lifl|)olical ,n. i8 *\ W()1.ksho„
senses  by  knocking  their  horns  oil.     |lWng(.In-nt     of      iU(lj,itJ,ia,       llberty IJ^;""*..    . '
^^^^^^^^^^^^      played   with    a
horse-shoo     magnet   in    lifting   tiny
ar in an"eastern town was |p,ecoB   of   metaJ*   ft,ul     I>**<*<i«''I>'   th«
applied   u|ion    a
most  advanced
The  Illinois
_^^_^^_^^„_1_1_       .should  bo called   to "the" ut ten tion" of I81*"*'1  ("<>»'imny,  amongst others,   use
Qonapcrs whacks  Hays through  the   Postum Post. exactly such magnetsv-of course, elec-
columns   of   the   .Monthly   Blowhard, '  0
the Federationist, and Hays slaps
bad; through the International Review,'ull of which is as grout a farce
as a duel fought with pegging awls
at half a mile.
A   Victoria   husband   shot   a   \ an-
couverite,   badly  shattering his  arm.
Trains are now run between New
iYork and Chicago at u speed of i>0
! miles per hour. This is a great con-
, venienco to workingmen, as it reduces
the lime necessary to go from one
I city to another in search of a job.
j o	
_    E    A bundle of six subs along with an
because the latter brought the shoot- order tor u half dollar's wor li of
er's wife home in a carriage, thereby | "Wage-Labor and Capital" comes to
emphasizing the Victoria bins in fa-'us   from   Comrade   Harry   Noaks,    of
i Dawson,  V.  T.
vor of the automobile.
A strike occurred at the Crystal
Laundry. Victoria last Monday. The
Times in reporting the affair says,
the strikers "grievances are based
upwi the wage question, which Socialists describe as the root of all
present-day industrial iniquity." As
the Times then goes on to show that
for some reason best known to the
employer, the strikers had not been
paid the previous week's wages on
Saturday night as usual; thut some
of the female workers were so emphatically out of funds as to have
nothing to carry them over Sunday,
and were sorced to accept assistance
at the hands of good Samaritans;
that one of their number, a woman
with three small children had been
turned into the street by the landlord, ond the only breakfast her little ones got on the morning of the
strike was such as came from the
lunch pails of the strikers; that of
the thirty employes, twenty-two
wore girls und women, some of whom
were in very hard circumstances, and
the amount of wages due the strikers reacned the fabulous sum of four-
hundred dollars, it is made as plain
as a pike-staff that the Socialists'
claini that there is anything wrong
with the wage-system is not well-
founded. .   .
Ah my wife und I at the window one
Stood watching a man with a monkey,
A cart came by with a "broth of a
Who was driving a stout little donkey.
To  my  wife  I    spoke,   by  way  of  a
There's a relation of yours in that
To which she replied,  as the donkey
sho  spied, •
"Ah, yes, a relation by marriage."
 o ■
Just why a large consignment of
lobsters should be shipped from the
east at great expense and planted
upon the coast Is not dear, as the
entire region is amply supplied with
them already.       '
■I II —**1— — llll HUH ■III
Art and Brains in Clothes
Their designers make them
That's where the judg-
Most clothes'  fashions are extreme,
so to get quick recognition.
Few  men  like  extremes  in  dress styles.
ment   of  the clothes  makers comes in.      ^^^^^^^^^^^
That's the reason why "Stilenlit"   appeals so  strongly  to   men
who  wish  to dress  well—not extremely.
Hold Only in Vancouver bv
Samples and blank measu rernents sent on application.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^J according to the inspector, tho anch-
, ~       , orage inside should be made K0 dan-
Not only is crime on the increase geroufl, that Uiu distressed mariner
in Ontario, but some of the jails are would prefer being wrecked outside
in danger of becoming haroors of re- the harbor, rather than to Ukke
fuge for the idle and criminal classes. chancCB on oritering. That crime is
This latter evil is due chietly to ne- ] increasing in Ontario need not be
gleet on the part of the jail officials ,looked upon as an alarming svmu-
to provide work for those who fall kom. it merely indicates that the
into their custody. Dr. Bruce Smith, Province is very properly keonint
Inspector of Prisons and Reforma- stop in the capitalist procession
tones, whose annual report has just j Capitalism spells crime. The plun-
been prepared, is responsible for the | deling of labor, the fundamental
statement. He charges tho jailers ibasi^ upon 'which it rests is the
with being  too lenient. parent   crime   that   fathers  the entire
The total number of males commit- !criminal brood. Ihe presence of a
ted during the year was 8,Ho4, an plentiful supply of sneak-thieves
increase of 824; of females 1,182, a I pick-pockets, Band-baggers fool-pads'
decrease of 39, making a total af lu> | burglars, forgers, swindlers, drunks'
146. The. commitments for drunken-j prostitutes, policemen, sheriffs nia-
ness increased 50'*, totaling 8,609. gistrates, lawyers, inspectors ' bail-
The total cost was Sl.-i4,4u4.2U. ills, jailers and other lesser criminals
The average cost per year per prisoner was £0.4*1; average for entire
gaol expenditure was $15.22. The
total earnings of the prisoners was
When jails nre in danger of becom-
Indicates a high state of capitalist
development, und should call forth
the approbation of every loyal supporter, of tho rule of capital. The
proud position in tne very forefront
of   Cunudian  capitalist   development,
ing  "harbors  of    refuge,"   it  speaks jas  indicated  by  the above statistics
volumes for the turbulence of the industrial   waters  outside.     Evidently
1 Burns & Co.!
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock of  ♦
Cook Stoves in the City. I
IIikhii   Chains, ' Augers,   Loggers'  Jacks,  Etc.'
Wp have moved Into our new
and   commodious   premises :
138 Cordova St., Cast
•Phone 1879       Vancouver, B. 6. i
im* #4
may well bo calculated to excite the
envy of other provinces that may
still be in a backward stage of that
development. All the Ontario people need do to maintain their lead in
the triumphal march is to refrain
from disturbing the rule of capital,
enlurge their jails, and increase the
number of their policemen and jailers. Capital will do the rest.
Poor, foolish old .lohn D., pious
and in a penitent mood, giving a
$100,000 lo convUrt the heathen,
while .Standard Oil filching goes
merrily onward, reminds one of
the story told by Robert drowning.
A servant girl in their lodgings
somewhere in Italy annoyed them
very much by stenling their tea regularly; they bore with this but rebelled when I hey found that sho likewise stole their candles, yot were
mollified when they found that she
store their candles in order to burn
tlif'tn before a little shrine in expiation of her sip in stealing their tea.
—Machinists Journal.
tricnlly excited—weighing up to 3
cwt.; to handle masses of metal up
to 4 tons, to move which otherwise
would occupy a gang of laborers
numbering from C> to 12. The magnet will seize ami hold fast a ntul hot
steel plate 14 yards long b.v almost
.'J yards wide and half nn inch thick,
when its temticrature is such that
men  dare hardly even  approach  it.
One of the latest suggestions for
tho employment of electricity is
founded upon tho proposal of Sir
Oliver Lodge, that it might be used
as a fog "■weeper.' The tiafflc upon
railways nnd in our groat estuaries
is periodically interrupted by fogs,
which entail enormous expense upon
the companies nnd corporations concerned  in order to avoid accidents.
But electricity discharged into such
an atmosphere tends to precipitate
the particles held by it which cause
the obscurity, and the new invention,
already proven in practice, contemplates the application of this law to
"sweep" a kind of tunnel thr nigh the
Is the lucky number which drew the
lot whicn was rallied b.v Vancouver
Local. So far the holder of the
winning card has not come forward
to claim his prize. Wal e dp, somebody!
serve his comportment in tlnap
task of fceiling. clothing and >i#T
ing himself. A very good iiifj
into his spiritual rruallflcatioBi
be obtained from the accounU ii
daily behavior, us they ap|i.,u .;■§
public press
Negligee Shirt]
Not Too Early lo Look
Exclusive  patterns  are no* '
some of tlie choice ones will bed
early,   and   some  of   the  iic-l^uj
cannot duplicate.     If you sprndl
unusual styles it will inlw«*lt*f
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tbo Sourtnt Soft Hit ol the Sim|
These Hats have been enUwa
cally received by young luen I
the very first day we brought i
out. Neither trouble nor eip*
has been saved in the producUH
these goods, as you will dietf*
acknowledge   upon   examination.
III Ctrdiva Strtil
Cash Grocery Sto
We also carry a full line ol I
ture,   on  easy   payments,   at
that  cannot   be  duplicated.   M
inspect our stock.
Cor WottaiMtir Avo and Harriil
Workingmen Are Always We'cotel
New Fountain Hotel|
C. SCHWAHN. Proprietor
Heals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and »Pj
29-ai Cordova St.    Vancouver,"
Adam and Eve
Cooked with a wood fire.
No wonder there wat trouble
In that Family
The way to have neacfli
fort and cleanliness in the h»*J
Is to do away wilh l'1" (lr£|
gery and dirt..of .c(>(>^'»« »' I
wood or coat,'.by'Using a
Gas Stove
We have them'.in   "P;,0^j
patterns, cheap and elN''"'"1'^1
are always glad to sho* '"
(live us a call.


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