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The Western Clarion Sep 30, 1905

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Array THE
%
■3
CLARION
Published in the Interests of the Working fclass Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, September 30, 1905.
FR0M THE CENTRE OF BIGOTRY
The Seeds ot Revolution Being Scattered in "Toronto the Good."
t0| the nnl.v place in Ontario dlers of labor rower r.no pay dues
bLan organized labor movement (-**'** the organization. The point is
• one of the mot* bigoted, intoler- _*-lt«" -*4gi>t when viewad from tho
„land lingoistic cities in thc Eng- standpoint of the union being a pur«-
Lp»king portion of the world. ,» ^""""'"'^ »«««-. organized
, Ireland, is said to out-class Xo !"-11 Uw labor Power of the mem-
but if it ,*"•'** (the oooa •"•'•mute enough ti
tha limit. In order },mVli rol"ul a purchaser) for the high
est price and least
I lh'li'i
th. hi"'. '" 'ne8e l''-',l,ect8' '-ut •' -l
iisl bo
to
[doe-, it I"11
|l0 secure place
ul, hie called  "Toronto the
and position in   this
l-tili-ll BOI"*'  '
lfio.il,'' "1"' ""M l*' an <-)ru*-«en*an,
Sun nf England and member of the
Ejthodisl Church—In other words a
Eu-uraffliog flagwonror and profes-
Knnl hvnocrite, To be sure un oc-
losiuiiiil    Koman Catbolic lands    a
[nod Jul). I,ul tm's *H  onl-'   thl-' B*cep-
Itiun whk'h goes  to prove  the     rule
Ithat :ill religious organizations hav.
Er large followlngs,   use  their  poli-
llical power i" feather the nusts    of
Ijiejr baflgt-rs-nn,   and  to  keep     t|>c ,
number of hours
the conditions al lhe labor market
will allow, ihe Typographical Union, by voting down Uandlow's motion, showed Unit it mftkw| nQ pro-
tonsg to being a true labor movo-
iim-iit aiming to better the conditions
of the working-class us a whole—it
is merely ao organization of men
aiming to l-iicr their own conditloo
regardless ol ihe remainder of the
working class.
Some printers,  (members of the Socialist party, loo), contend, foowevef,
wbrs divided and in ignorance of ,thftt ^° Pf-i-tars, by bettering ^hem-
K, to .roe ihcmsclves from capital- iwj|vt's u1**0 bettcr *-*«" conditions of
Sexploitation. ,a" wa«e •»«»*»«.    According to this
L|     pito   this rocky soil,   the  ro-woiung,     the  strong,   husky  hogs
Lof rev, ion are sproutiog and  r-W*Wo '"' SoU*'1g '• !>TO''* e^ra   of
hhsnd(u| ol . uiui-4<k-s who are ir- *iwj1'1 ''V'" "•'■I'' owners than the
Ling lhe soil with scientific liter- ?-**--**e** and poorer organized piggies
L'arc certain to we a rich har- ftre rc,all>' dol»g l- -*-% »* "!' pig:
fe garn-r-d ere the summer q< pap- <&* t,y fFW .PHP" 'H'fls K %PV:
sm has passctj into (ftotflty, Tfto | L'lVt;s iffi *--"*B**-*« q? their greater
Eptt will be a'strong revolution* [j*-W-*wM»P 'rVlWiti«: The truth tl
jr. imiveiiient lo i,ln|lisli oni>tt«Hstic ****** Su '••••"J *--* '•"' capitalist system   laMs    the  working
fajfcSlavery,   tho    units being    free.
llruni Miniliiy ideas secured in an   en-
Bfroomenl   ol    capitalistic   unionism
luil religious bigotry.   Toronto   hus
Ljrout if.OOO trade    unionists,     b"l
|only aliout ,, score are uctive, or dues
eying members of the only real "'lu-
ftor'' movement   organized  in  T<(ro.n-
■Mlte Socialist  Party,     Apd Ontario lias Hqveral aggregations of   indi-
ttiuls styling themselves socialists,
loa. ,il which, however are orguniz-
I on a dues-paying tiasis and ail'lin-
H «nli n c ntral  body.
fr„ijr,-sy  i-l«ii|g   madi) |n Torpntp.
'iiiMiili ago, iibotit 200 Finlanders,
B-E.-ian Jews, and Knglish speaking
Bnrftdes vi«nt b|) Otyjgyabh. time
["fiiiriiiK ai  \ ictorijj  l'ark.      Races,
liiii'H, Bpcccbes and songs were par-
|Ki|pa!"'d |n, bul   the Finns and   He.
w«, the majority of whom were
kable to apeak Knglish, showed tbat
jfe could teach the Knglish com-
Isli's hew  1
ass as a
hole will only secure a l)uru exist
mice, enough ,o feed, c'fltho ai»,| hoii_»j
the'r bodies and pepre^uw another,
gcnerntiuii to i>u wtplolt^ Some of
the workers, the best organized,
most capable and most uuprint ipled.
wjll get piftro than the average be-
cutise some poorer organised, less in-
teHigi-nt and easy-going workers gel
less than lhe average wiige, The eu-
giiicei ■,   whose   In I no   more    iin-
IHirtant and little more skillfiil than
the trackman's, receives more wages
thnri the Rwprapp because the man
at the liotlom gets 1,-ss than the
average. In the early days pf rail
loading U'l'b inceived the s_jine wage
but iiigaiil/atinii has done much for
the engineer--al the expense gf ;|ie
iinurgaiij/ed   irnckiuin
Tu say,   then,  that  trades    unionism is a  working-class movement   is
folly.      All cannot  be organized   jvs
the uneinplovcil arrajf  l| a  uecssury
to have a  jolly time and Ijwi.t ul the capitalist system.      The
10 lhe i-auuuissariat department to   hlgrner     the    standard  af^wages.  the
»d advantage.     In  future  picnics, j higher    is    the cost of  living,   rent.
Jewish comrades    Willi probably   food, clothes, etp    Sutl,m>M up, mere
fore, the trades union movement endeavors to get better conditions for
the best organized workers j^t l\\e expense af the wQi-st organized or totally unorganized—the ones who sui-
i'unnir the recent corm-ntiqn of Hie   fer most   as  a  result   of high    rents,
lopar
future  picnics, ] higher
wii 11 probably
given   chiirge     of  the ,»f.tables.
Ibint sixi,,.|i ,,f    the    Finnish   and
-« ul th,- Jewish , omrades ure now
wiUts of ihe Toronto Local.
plogranhical I'nion in Toronto, the
propaganda committee endeav-
¥   '0   -cure   Max S. Hayes,   «f
Vi-land. tu address n meeting.   As
«M dnle could   not   bo    arranged
* open air meeting wus held in tpite
lhb" fmt thnt thc local single tftx-
f*h'»l   "laid down"  when tho police
I"1 I"11 a linn on free speech in thc
£f*t_,     ih,.  meeting   was held     in
P" nf tho city hall  w4ie.ro the papulation is   hinted.     Tlw   police
_K 'ho nam,. „f Orgfljllsor dribble,
[•'"'"I Tnisi.-e Jawos  Htintison, and
I11*' comrades, but did ,not atUmii't
l"r"'s' lhe speakers who refused to
lbIulr«l.    The bbu-ioatg ffBTB k.-pi
jW ordering people oft ihe grass.
I ,av  Hayes Kp0k„    for    ahollt    tw<)
"N "ii the evolution of capitalism
F about   lio.-kef, Iter's  wealth,    but
'""'•'I listonc, in vain for the ex-
'""■i af i|„
I""     l-'illally
f™ g"t Ured
1 liilmr cl
j™ '" '"'"venting any good which
'■' speakers mi(-ht havo done afU>r
f>">ra.le ||ny
I11" drew fr
V,,     "ns SWOaking as  a  delegate
1 lhe t m tt   - " .
dear coal, meat and cloth
It is high *lm'' ,l1'** ihote in the
traik's union moveinenl realize that
if they are in earnest -in desiring U'
work for the oman i a'iati "f , th*'
working-class as a whole, if Uioy' ane
class-conscious, thai they devote every panicle of 1 heir energy in building up the Socialist Party, tho only
living working-class movement. This
is not intended as an argument favoring members of tho Socialist Party
Withdrawing from membership In
trade unions. It is ncressui'.v tor
must intelligent workmen to lo'l.-ng
to the unions in order to obtain Bat-
lifaH-tWy conditions of employment
under capitalism, anil by being ""
the   inside,   opportunities   for   propa.
cluss struggle from
some S. L. P. distur-
wniling for somo tnlk
iss politics and they »uc-
h had finished.      They
in  llayos the statement
fbt
mK Well
'•"- ('(invention—the sj>euk-
unde
Purlrig
lhe
"ware that ho was tall--
""  socialist party auspices,
i.|r. _      printers'   convention,
Lis,'.4' Bandlow  intrmluccd  a  "so-
l        preamble for the constitution
L    ,W"H v"u''' ,lown, the   opposi-
r  ««ng led by Max Havos,    who
P Ix'i'oine
Pivnni
'mnous
Solutions at
ions,    Hay*
for his
the A. F.
'socinl-
of   T..
»;,, -*mJ*W   argument   was
(jverj ihinpr mimt  })0 ^^^-.yient
|i 111 !'!l?l"",","r movemont—the un-
llmit 'nR ,l "l^'i- «'1«rt to w*ciire.
1     mi" "il-lit-ho,,,. day for the ped-
Itut
to
official
gandn often prosenl themselves,
it is Intended to urge so.ialistB
leave lhe donkey work, ih
and committee work, to non-social-
Ists while thoir time is dovoted to
work for the Socialist Party, The Int
ter has the greater need for men and
offers the best  results for labor done.
Toronto Local, Socialist Party of
I'nnada, is steadily gaining It-
strength and 11s the foreign population of the city increases, its work
will became more comprehensive Our
elected comrade on the Hoard of Education is doing revolutionary wotk.
Thc locnl holds his sigiwd resignation nnd the educatiooal oommltteo
meets the night before each mooting
()f   tbe   Hoard   of   Education,   definite
Instructions being given the elected
comrade as to what legislation to introduce and ns to vole „n each question known to bo an the older pa-
Tbe Interests of the taxpayer
held  subservienl   to   I hose
Subscription Price
Pn Ybak
gandn is being pushed actively. Literature is distributed freely and capable speakers are engaged frequently.
An economic class under the leadership of May Wood Simons, is being
re-organized for .studying during the
winter months. Scientific .books,
published by the Kerr Company meet
with a large sole, while l"nc New
York Worker, ns a newHpa.ier, the
Toledo Socialist as a parly paper.
and our own Western Clarion, unexcelled anywhere far scientific economics and revolutionary editorials are
all meeting with nm Increased circulation.
WRSTO.V WfllOLEY.
Toranto, Sept. H,  190r>.
Sl.00
CHINESE  ON   THE  RAND.
per.
nre always
of thp working class
The   work   of
lucation and propa*
GERMAN MEAT FAMINE.
The meat famine In Germany Is exciting the entire country. "Open the frontier to Itusslan pork" Is the cry now be-
1111* raised hy all classes, but, above all,
by the laborers, whose staple article of
food ls pork. The price has already
1 (sen more than forty per cent., imth-
Ing Its purchase by thn puur^r classes
almost  impossible.
The mun chiefly responsible for the
existing prohibitive prices is Herr von
Podbtelskl, the Prussian Minister ^
Agriculture. Hc is the mptd. unpopular
man in all <n.i'iiuttiy nowadays. He it
was who proposed thiit the frontier
should remain closed to foreign mQaW^
though all of the oilier utidnliers " o,f
the Prussian, Cabinet' favored changes
in thi. particular.	
Beet Is ty-daj. m*ipJ, higher tn price
owing iy "ttS( y«,ar-8 drought, which
cancel a reduction in the number of
the cattle. As meat is so dear, con,.
Burners are naturally looktp.se fy>r s<_m<;
substitutes hut**! ns tlnh, a^tAl pviultry,
and th;« |t\creaB6d "demand h&u reused
the prfegs of these, commodities to rise
too. gyofl horse muat Is effected ano
is utnv about a penny a pound dearer.
Germany is, therefore, pr^WeS-a"^
facing a famine, thaugn H'err von Pod-
iiielski calls it merely a period of high
prices. The probability Is that these
high prices will spread to other necc,Ks.j-.
tes. The shoemakers, fu|. tixample,
and other tradvi"*    nting   leather,    are
Ity."     Can't
winking?
The latest news from South Africa
reveals a very serious state of affairs
among the Chinese coolies. Even the
"Times" has to admit "wholesale desertions," and that the Boer farmers have
had to be allowed arms to protect themselves. Constabulary have been established as a chain of poets along the
Rand. Reuter. on Wednesday, wired
that "constabulary drives have accounted for 300 denertere, and the number still unaccounted for Is 260." "Constabulary drives" Is distinctly good;
man-hunting in this style ls a somewhat new occupation for the police, and
it is interesting to note that thc mine-
owners are not charged anything fe*
this sort of thing. Reuter concludes
his wire, "Constant patrolling Is decisively checking the wanderers. The
Chinese tj_»v-e been taught the lesson
not to leave the mines without auUuy-,
"""     "    *  we «*e Jo-l",   Oh.lnaman
ftif-kes,   Stiikers and  I'nomployed,
It is taking a long time tc, convince
the workers of tho world that the
strike |s not the weapon with which \ft
win economic liberty. Cana,^ has l^ad
her fill of labor troubles recently, b.m
practically nothing has been gained to
the workers by aU theljr Suffering. The
master b\,t*dfer» are filling up their
Mnery works with non-union men an.d.
the union men are being comP?.'*^ Ip,
move elsewhere to f'mi wofk. . ' The
men havo 0ftwr«'-| to meet thjs employer^. The Chicago Teamsters' strike
lasted on<? hundred and five days, and
involved 4,620 men. The dispute evst
the union £70,000 in, benefits and
£140,000 In \o*> »,f wages, and it cost
th« employers £400,000 to "break" the
strike. The extra protection by pv'tce
and deputy sheriffs cos\ »h« oHy £80,-
000, and there iy*r» twenty-one persons
killeil ,ki«» fyur hundred and fifteen injured during the strike. This Is a, r,$io
ord sufficient, surely, to satisfy anyone
hungering    for \h^ustrtal war.    There
iliv,i,ly complaining of the high prices are now Htftiors of a coal strike In the
for leather resulting from the scarcity,
of hides. Indignation meatings are being held over \i\r whole or Germany.
and nrr attended by all classes. Even
the rich protest, for they perceive, that
the obstinacy of the Minister uf Ag-
lieulturn in nound ,b help in swelling
lhe ranks oC the Social Democratic tfign
ty to a very large exterit —_>Jews De»-
patc*i
 o —
Dr. Carrel of Chicago hopes that
some day physicians "may replace a
worn out or wounded hurrvAn, levari with
the health;,' spuUifcl] and strong on»
from a living monkey." This would be
lather hard on the monkey, and If thn
Individual rejuvenated took pit Ou» nature of the anim^'i ,, might be Inconvenient f„r Ms friends. We have enough
young monkeys now wthout trying tr,
manufacture old ones.—Ottaw'^ |«r«e
Press.
United Statep bigger than atvy-htng.
known before. At the u'd of thljs year
the agreeme^ made at tlie end ot the
lil3l strike In 1902 will expire, and. th,^
union intends to asj-^ eft a, universal
eight-hour das. sjad f»r the recognition
of tho i^ntons. The Coal Trust ls said
to have stored 400,000,000 tons of coal In
readiness, while the men are gettlryj
Jhelr finances ready, and have, a, reserve.
Of £400,000.
Great indignation has been caused In
New Syuth Wales by the government
offering the services of men, who are
on the unemployed rosier, to employers for twe|v*> months wlthou(t pay, except thtitr food and a government rcj^of
order valued at 3s. 6d. for th« family.
This may be good business for the employers, al.theugh even that ls doubtful,
but it is not the way to settle he unemployed problem.—G. E. H. [x\ "'wbroJster
Pioneer.
IN REVOLUTIONARY THROES
Unhappy Russia Seetblifl With lattrnal Strila aad TarafiU
It Is with the bourgeoisie as with
Reynard the Fox, It is never so brimful
of morality and idealism as when it has
played somebody a nasty trick. Japan hns concluded peace, having re-
i.ouneed her claim for an Indemnity.
All the world Is struck by her "generosity," and encomiums, one louder than
the other, are poured out on her hapless
head. We may be sure the bourgeoisie
has had a hand ln that. Japan has
come to the end of her financial resources, and her English and American friends have loft her tn the lurch,
The Moor, to quote Schiller, has done
his duty, the Moor can go. It Is not
In the Interest of Englnnd that Russia
should be so weakened as to yield the
military dictatorship in Europe to Germany, nor Is it In the Interest of America that Japan should grow so strong
as to gain the total supremacy on the
Pacific. Hence the gentle pressure on
.Inpan, nnd—the moral hysterics.
past; hence, however, also its complete
fiasco as soon as it met on the chessboard an opponent who had to fight
for his very existence.
MONTANA NEXT FOB BULL-PENS
Ma Crouch-Hazlett Writes Istirettlsgly of Evaats la Tbat State.
At the same time it is Just as hypocritical to eulogise Witte for his diplomatic skill. The "skill" In this Instance amounts to no more than to a
readiness to sacrifice another 100.000
human lives in the hope of saving the
"honor" of the autocracy. Had the
Czar's clique been possessed of a greater regard for human life, such a diplomatic "victory" would have been Impossible; as it was, "victory" was the
Inevitable outcome of the logic of the
situation. This throws a lurid light on
tlie nature of autocracy as well as on
Its diplomatic successes In the past. It
used to be said that thc Russian diplomatists were the cleverest ln the world.
Nothing of the kind. Only human life
ia so cheap to them that they would
never hesitate In sacrificing lt for the
flimsiest cause, while their opponents
would naturally recoil from such extremes so long as no really vital Interests were at stake. Hence the victories of the Russian diplomacy ln the «-eln In Justice,
With all that the Russian debacle Is
complete. Her power ln Asia ls gone
for ever, whilst her activity in Europe,
as a "great" power Is paralysed for a
quarter of a century. We can only rejoice nt that. No longer will Russia
play the European gendarme, and no
longer will William and his precious allies, the French chauvinists, find ln her
a source of strength. The "yellow
peril" has done that, and to the "yellow
peril" we offer three cheers. May It
continue to grow and gather strength,
nnd ultimately drive the whole of the
"white salvation" bng and baggage out
of Asia! Long has lt suffered from
that "salvation" unspeakable Insults
and horrible Injury—we hope the day
of reckoning Is not far off.
And the Russian Revolution? How
does the conclusion of peace affect It?
To Judge by the tone of the Russian
press there ls a feeling of uneasiness In
the Liberal soul lest peace brings with
it the end of the "reform" movement.
Quite natural, and Justified, too. There
Is sure to be a recrudescence of reaction
and a desire to withdraw the "concessions" that have been made. For the
Liberals It Is tantamount to political
death, as their programme and policy
consist only ln waiting for grants. Not
bo with the proletariat. The war has
merely unloosened Its revolutionary energy, and peace or no peace, that energy
cannot be driven back. Quite the reverse. Now is the time when the final
balance-sheet will be drawn up, and,
what with the hundreds of thousands
of homes ruined, with the hundreds of
thousands of reservists thrown on the
labor market, with the enormous increase of taxation, with famine on a
still larger scale than ln 1891 approaching, the auditing will be n terrible business. The Revolution has come, and
the Revolution will grow.—T. H. Roth-
The following article from the pen of
Comrade Ida CrOuch-Hazlett, which
appeared In a recent Issue of The Socialist, Toledo, ls one of-the many evidences that our comrades are not only
alive to the fight that capitalism ls
making to perpetuate itself, but that by
clearly seeing the underlying causes
and forces of the class struggle they
are preparing to take their stand ln
battle line for the emancipation of the
world's workers:
That the Colorado outrages performed
by the Citizens' Alliance, the operators
and those controlling the offices of government, against the workers, the mln
ers and the farmers, were a part of a
deliberate formed plan throughout the
country to crush union organization
Mid render labor helpless, haa been evidenced since in numbers of ways by the
attitude capital Is taking toward organ
l&ed labor.
Those wno nre watching the progroaa
of events with the awakened conseleus-.
ness that the analysis of tne- class, nature of the struggle gives, realise that
so-called independent and fearless Montana lp to be the next theater of organized brutality and greed against the lib-.
ertlee of the working class.
The Same Capitalists.
There nra various things that go tq
corroborate these prognostications. In
the first place the stockholders who
control the capitalistic interests ln Col-,
ci ado a.fo the same as those who control them ln Montana. If It was anything to the stockholders of the Amalgamated Company to crush the Western
FedQratiwi of Miners ln Colorado, it is
as much to their Interest te do so ln
Montana. The factional capitalist fight,
between Utilize and the Amalgamated
delays somewhat the day ot the concentration of the interests and powers
of the working class ln Montana. But
the rtdera, tne lords of life, by suffer-
anc«j of the stupidity of tho working
class, are not idle while, the Issue l*.
held ln suspension.
Preparing For Battle,
A flor the close of the Philippine war
Alger recommended to the United
States Government that Fort Keough,
near Miles CUy, be abandoned, aa there
was. no longer any danger from the In
dlans. Instead, at tho solicitation of
the large capitalists of the state, the
fort was not only retained, but
sfr<_ng~;hened,
There ls unusual activity among the
capitalists In organizing the mtlttta.
McCorrolck, merchant, banker, contractor, one of the men holding the chief
business Interests at Billings, Invited
young men up to his home that on a social ba&l« he wouldn't have ln his house,
organized the militia there, and con
tributed materially to its support. The
United States government appropriated
$13,000 to the recent encampment Of the
Stato Militia, held at Fort Ellis, near
Bozemap.
The Capitalist Stronghold.
Bozeman is the bourgeois stronghold
of Montana. The metropolis of the
Gallatin Valley, the richest and most
beautiful farming district tn the state.
It depends upon the farming Industry
for support, and not on industrial labor tending to organization and co-operation, and consequent class consciousness.
As the result Bozeman Is the strongest militia headquarters in the state.
All the available young men Join the
militia and feel proud of lt Pictures
of the militia adorn almost every home.
The workers flaunt their disgraceful
prostitution, while employers gloat ov
er it, and do not even know that they
are simply training for the murder of
their brother workingmen. For it Is
here that the capitalist stronghold will
be when the battle breaks loose. From
here the soldiers will be sent when the
Northern Pacific coal miners at Chestnut go on strike, or the railroad shops
at Livingston get rebellious.
To show what a vigorous propaganda of the class struggle will do, at Llv
Ingston, the state headquarters of the
Socialist party, the militia was forced
to go out of business, and cannot be
maintained there.
Where Ryan Reigns.
Conditions are ripening at the var
Ions proletarian points. Jardin, the
richest gold camp ln the state, near the
entrance of the Northern Pacific Park,
misnamed the National Park, ls already
a little Colorado. The notorious Ryan,
ex-convict, forger and all-around thief
and man driver, ls here the god that
reigns supreme. He owns the machln
ery, and because he owns all these he
owns the men and the families, who are
unhappy enough to be stranded on his
domain.
Jardin by nature is the most beautifully situated camp ln Montana. Men
hove sought to mnke homes for themselves here, nnd have built their houses
on company ground. Since Ryan Instituted the reign of terror he has forced the owners of these houses to pay $5
ground rent, and then he will not give
them a day's work, and threatens the
foreign scabs, whom he has brought In,
with Instant     dismissal  If they rent
these homes.
The wretched owners are obliged to
climb the mountain four miles, where,
if they hang their heads low enough, he
will let them work, and where they
have to board away from their homes.
He is running everybody out of the
camp who is not servient to his will by
refusing work, and he is bringing in as
Ignorant a class of laborers as possible,
whom he can control.
Miners' Union Subservient
He has also made the union, a local
of the Western Federation, subservient
The Montana conditions for mill and
smelter men have been eight hours
work, and S3 and S3.60 a day. At Jardin they work twelve hours a day for
S2.S0 and S3. Some of the outside men
get $2.25. On any change of the scale
the union duly meets and gravely accepts the r-duction. Men ln the neighboring camps call it a "scab" union.
Mahoney, of the executive board of tbe
Western Federation, went over to get
the charter. But, of course, if the
camp is disorganized It will be all the
harder for labor In Montana to make a
stand here to force decent conditions.
Besides, Ryan works all sorts of hardships on the men In petty ways. One
family came Into the camp at his request, and had Just got a home furnished up when the man was fired. Ryan's reason was that he was "too
damned good a union man." So brutal
have been his methods that people in
Gardner say they expect to see him
brought down the hill feet first The
mill waa dynamited a few days
ago, which caused a suspension of operations for a time.
Men Are Cowed.
When I was there, as I was distributing my circulars, he called after me not
to go through the mill. I wanted to
know lf he forbade me to go through
the niHI. He said he did. and I said I
would see that the men heard that he
didn't want them to have any freedom
as to what they should hear or believe.
Every one thought it was a miracle
that I could even speak on the street in
front of Ryan's hotel. The men sneaked out of the alleys and from behind
buildings to listen like trembling and
hunted robbers. I never saw the badge
of fear so unmistakably impressed upon men. Out of probably seventy-five
people, when I closed not one dared to
stay for the collection, or to buy any
books, or to be seen talking to me, but
slunk away into the night and their
holes. I never had such an experience.
Both the Ryan brothers were at the
meeting.
One Ray of Light
There was Just one ray of light in tbe
whole incident. The sweet-faced wife
of the saloonkeeper, who was keeping
the hotel, refused to take any pay for
my staying there. The lilies ot kindness and human sympathy lift their
white blossoms even from the pollution
of human degradation.
Aldridge, a coal camp some dozen
miles away, and the only coal camp in
the Western Federation, has been on
strike since last August, a year. This
camp polled a majority of Socialist
votes over all others. They have never
hauled down their gtandard. They
have starved, but they could not be subdued. And within the last few days
Mahoney has succeeded in effecting an
agreement favorable to the men.
Another Slave Camp.
Cokedale is another miserable trust-
cursed town. It and its human lives
belong to the Amalgamated. Its people are degraded, dirty, fear-stricken—
the saloons the only life and amusement
of the place.
Chestnut ls another point where no
man owns himself. The Northern Pacific is the lord here. It owns the
railroad that carries the product, the
mines, the storage and the ground.
I asked the clerk if the men were
compelled to trade at the company's
store. He said they were not I asked him lf there was any other store,
and he replied that there was not The
interior has that forlorn, cheap, bare
look that all company stores have. Tet
the contents are the sole compensation
of these helpless slaves.
Discontent is brewing and resentment ls bitter. Old union men tell me
there Is the same spirit that was manifest before the strike of 1894. One
workman struck his boss in the Northern Pacific shops and knocked him
down.
Socialist Party Organizes Intelligently.
The Socialist party of the state Is putting forth the most intelligent efforts to
get ready to handle the crisis. One of
the most serious complications In the
Colorado case was that the Socialist
party of the state was torn by factions,
there was a bolt tn the very heart of
the strike district, lt was plunged Irretrievably in debt by a huge superficial, sentimental movement, and the
workingmen throughout the state bad
no confidence tn It.
The Socialists of Montana are working slowly, steadily and thoroughly to
build up the party organization, so tbat
♦very worker tn the state may know
that there can never be freedom for
htm so long as others own the bounties
of nature, the means to dig life from
old Mother Earth, and the government
that rules the actions of man.—Common
Sense.
■ -E •
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WHHM OLAHOHf. VAMeOOVl»> B, u.
__
aA-WTBDAY,   Septcttber %
--MX
'*■<%
Iho Western Won
Published •vwy Saturday in aha
interests of the Working Claas alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B. C.
SUBSCRIPTION :  SI.00 PER ANNUM
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lots    of
ful feudal retainer of tbosa days.
Abas, Smith, Statesman. Philosopher, Peace Envoy, and all around
Humbug.   <
o —
SLAVERY IN SOUTH AFRICA.
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Address all communlcatioos to
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341
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If this number is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
SATURDAY*    September   30,   11*05.
A HUMU.U.O   STATESMAN.
The mine owners of  the Transvaal
have    at     present     50,000   coolies,
brought from China,  at work in the
mines, and contracts havo been made
for     the    bringing of 50,000 more.
These coolies have been brought    in
under conditions which they do   not
understand, • and upon terms of   servitude that do riot materially differ
from slavery.     Failure  by  them   to
turn    out     the allotted amount   of
work, was only recently punished by
flogging,  but  new  modes ot   punishment have since been found.    One of
these is   to   strip the erring   coolies
absolutely naked and leave them tied
by  tbe pigtails  to a   stake in     tho
compound for    two or     three hours,
when other coolies gather round   and
laugh and jeer their countrymen who
stand shivering in tlie intense cold.
Another method is to bind the Coolie's left wrist with a piece of    fine
rope,  which is    then put through   a
beam about nine feet from thc ground
This roiHi is then made taut so that
the unhappy coolie, with bis left arm
pulled    up   perpendicularly,   has   to
stand on tiptoes in this position, lie
is kept as a rule for two hours   in
this position during which time if he
tried to     get down on bis heels   he
must dangle in the air, hanging from
his left wrist.
With the help of this imported labor,  working under such conditions,
it is estimated that the gold output
of  the Transvaal may be increased
from  a  little  over  $82,000,000     in
1904 to $100,000,000 in tho near future.     Ilut  this production is being
brought about at a cost which   certainly ls staggering    humanity;    at
least, it is shocking, the conscience of
the    English-speaking world.       The
Globe,    in commenting on the   facts
above stated, says that:   "Canadians
whb thought  they were fighting   for
or contributing toward the preservation of British authority in    South
Africa cannot avoid a feeling of chagrin and disappointment at the   results of  our  rule in  the Transvaal.
The Chinese immigration, which   the
Boers would never tolerate, has made
the Transvaal a disgrace among the
nations.    Whatever faults may   have
According to report Rockefeller predicts a tremendous panic about 1907 or
1908. during which ten million men will
be without employment because of "ov-
eiproduction." This causes Hearsts
Chicago American to rise to the occasion and suggest that the government
own all the railroads, gas works, and
street cars, and pay the workers so
well that they would have money to
buy and consume the socalled "overproduction." This Is Indeed a happy
suggestion. But would it not be Just
as well to suggest to the present owners that they pursue a similar course?
As they Own the government, or are,
in fact, the government, they will no
doubt fix that necessary little wage
matter at once. At least they will
be quite as apt to do so as would their
government. •
 r—O "
Japanese comrades organized the
"State Socialist Party" at Tokio on
August  18th,  and  the  party made Its
special announcement on the 25th.
THE  NANAIMO   SITUATION.
Smith,    Ralph    Smith,  Statesman
and Philisopher, has 'now blossomed
out as an envoy of Peace,   entitled,
no doubt to rank in the same class
with    those    Japanese and Russian
worthies who recently indulged in dip
lomatic lluniiuery at Portsmouth, N-
H.    This   Smith has    just returned
from Ottawa bringing Deputy Minister of Labor Mackenzie King along
with him, ostensibly for the purpose
of arranging some settlement of the
Nanaimo strike trouble.
It seems to be a weakness of tne
average statesman, philosopher and
peace envoy to talk. As a rule they
talk upon the slightest provocation,
or even with nonts at all. This apparent weakness may, however, be a
clever subterfuge used for the purpose of masking tha weightier moves
upon the chessboard of statesmanship and diplomacy which make for
the upbuilding of empires, and the
.welfare of tbe people.
Be that as it may, Smith no sooner landed in .Vancouver than hc started his gramophone, and according to
the World, the following,noise issued Igrown up under the Boer Government-
forth:
"Nanaimo has been sowing seeds
of socialism for three years, and is
now reaping a rich harvest," was
Mr. Smith's pronouncement yesterday. "There has been so much socialism there that the laboring men
will not recede in a hurry,, It would
surprise you to have heard some of
the doctrines which have been preached on the streets of Nanaimo during the last two or three years."
It would be an insult to the intelligence af even a member of th*
tribe of Smith to infer that they did
not know that the "rich harvest" being reaped by Nanaimo, is a "lai-vest
made possible only by the sowing of
the seeds of capitalism. It is a capitalist harvest, and Smith will receive more substantial benefits from
the crop than will the miners of Nanaimo, whom he succeeded for years
in duping.
Webster defines the meaning of the
word "recede" as follows: "To go
or move back; to take back a claim
or pretension; to retire or retreat."
In the light of this it lis cheering to
know that whatever may have been
taught in Nanaimo for the past three
years has so stiffened the backbone
of the "laboring men" that they will
not "recede in a hurry."
It is well known that during the
Smith regime they were so well instructed and successfully handled by
that eminent person, that they would
"recede" every time the coal company wished.
The "doctrine" preached upon the
streets of Nanaimo for tha "past two
or three" years, has surprised no one
more than Smith. But a few years
since this doughty winh-bag was met
at the wharf by the miners of Nanaimo, upon his return from the East,
and drawn by them through the
streets in a carriage. It will be
surprise to many if these same
ere do not in the near future
vey him to some point beyond the
city limits, astride a rail.
That which has been preached upon
the streets of Nanaimo for the "post
two or three years," is but the aspirations of an enslaved working-
class, to break the chains of wage-
bondage thnt now binds it to the
chariot wheels of triumphant and
brutal capitalism. Altogether, too
many vulture-like-statesmen, philosophers and peace envoys of the Smith
type have been allowed to dap the
blinkers upon the eyes of the laborer
and deliver him body and soul to the
shambles of capitalist slaughter.
As the present day capitalist is tho
logical successor of the feudal baron
of the middle ages, so is the Smith
moral and intellectual type the logical successor of the servile and faith-
and whatever corruption and oili
ciotisness may have developed, there
was too much liuni i::ity in tho cough
burghers to tolerate such a condition as now exists. If this is necessary to the payment of dividends, it
is better for South Africa, and for
the Empire at large, thnt the dividends  be relinquished."—-The  Sun.
Tho workers of Canada, and the
balance of the world are brought up
end work under conditions that the
majority of them understand as little as do the Chinese coolies in
South Africa, nnd likewise upon
terms of servitude thnt do not "materially differ from slavery." In fact
that is the only status of labor possible under anything like well devel-
oaed capitalism. It is out of such
labor conditions that comes all dividends, both large and small. It Is
ilut of such labor conditions that
comes the luxurious living of the entire capitalist fraternity and Its horde*
of retainers and hangers-on. It is
out of such labor conditions that
every institution of today, that protects nnd defends capitalist property, draws its sustenance. The civilization that is builded upon such labor conditions is a slave civilization. The sooner it bo wiped out,
with its vulgar ostentations and arrogant wealth and power upon the
one hand, and its equally vulgar,
servile and cringing poverty and dependence upon the other, tne bettor
for the individual and for the race.
At the time the present mine trouble commenced, a committee, representing the whole of the working
force was chosen in a mass meeting
to deal with the Coal Company and
to arrange a settlement of the impending trouble. In a few days the
United Mine Workers, at thc suggestion of the gentlemen representing
the international organization, called
their members off this committee and
assumed control of the whole situation.    This was four months ago.
A few days since, Mr. MacKenzie
King, of tho Ottawa slave trade department arrived in town, and, after
interviewing the company called a
mass meeting of the men for to-day.
The result of this meeting has been
the appointment, by the men, of a
committee of five, to deal with the
company upon behalf of the entire
working force.
After four months of strike we havel
now arrived at tho point we occupied
on June 1st. Now, if Messrs. Burke
and Oibson, of the United Mine
Workers, will only repeat their grand
spectacular act of four months ago qy
again calling the members of their
union off the committee, there is no
reason why we should not once more
arrive at the same point at some
, time in the future.
The writer bas sometimes tho igttt
it a trifle strange that Uiis good na- j
tured little gentleman from 1 ttawa
should have such remarkable Success
as he does in settling troubles in tie
slave market, but jiorhaps the feat is
Iierformed by the same method that
enabled Gillicuddy to attain sue',
marked success in his famous wrustling match with the bear. The bea.
had been dieted upon atmosphere and
water for two weeks previous lo tbe
contest.
Rossland workingmen will do w.ll
to keep an eye on Messrs. Aitken nnd
Thompson, the gentlemen aUupoBud to
be responsible for the new "Evening
Star," Among the many eneml-s
with which we have had to contend
with in Nanaimo, these harpies have
proven not the least vicious and unscrupulous, more especially Aitken.
Mr. J. A. MacDonald will find the
support of "The Star" dear at any
price.
At the request of a few of the farmers in the vicinity of Summerset,
Alberni District, Comrades Williams,
Booker and Hawthornthwaite addressed a meeting and took the preliminary steps towards tho formation of
a Local of the Socialist Party at
that point, on Sunday, Sep. 24. Another meeting will be held at the
same place on Oct. 8.
The Nanaimo Fisheries Company,
has gone up the creek, and with it
quit* m little working-class savings.
X. X.
L.P. organizer Bohn, of whom you
inquire, did not create any pronounced furore in this city. His at-
rival, his stay and bis departure
were alike practically unnoticed by
any one outside of the local contingent of his fellow fanatics. These me
happily for themselves and others,
very few In numbers.
Anxious Enquirer; -keedunk, Me.
—You are much mistaken. The letters I.W.W.. do not mean "Infantile
Will o' the Wisps," They stand for
"Industrial Workers of the World,"
an organization caused by the coming together of an irresistible force
known as the S. T. & L. A., and an
immovable body known as the A.
L. U., at Chicago not long since.
As the former possessed nn impulse
equnl to 1600 units and tho latter a
lack of impulse to the extent of 1400
the impact was sufficient to raise tho
pressure on tbe wind-gauge "to over
140,000," with the wind still blowing. You should remember that tho
"industrial Workers of the World,"
iire not affiliated with tno nom-Indus-
trial Workers of the same place.
 o	
TIIE  CENTURY  OF CAPITALISM.
Every Local of the Socialist
Partv of Canada should run ,n cari
under this head. $1.00 per'-hon-h.
Secretaries please note.   . 	
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA.
Headquarters, Vancouver. B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Union Direct
When They Meet; Whe
if Tl
ory|
u'y Mr,
Pioviuc
-very Labor Uniuii In 1;■,
vi-cuto place a card under this h_,Ti'"_: '»'
month.     Secretaries please _o'„, *-•**• I
Phoenix Trades and Labor
Meets    every    alt
termite    Mr.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, NO. 1, S.P.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Inglesi.le Block, 818 Cambie
Street, (room 1, second iloor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
I).  P. MILLS, Secretary.
Box 8M(',  Vancouver B.  0.
ANSWEHS TO CORRESPONDENTS
a
min-
con-
The commission appointed hy the
French government to Investigate administration affairs in the French
Congo, has brought in a report that
is replete with illustrations of the
humanitarian instincts of capitalist
rule as practiced ujxin the natives of
that unhappy land. The report says
that natives have been actually flogged to death with "knotted whips."
Also that the "Colonial office at
Bangui, in May, 1904, imprisoned 58
women and ten children." in order to
compel the natives to pay taxes.
Within five weeks, 47 of these unhappy wretches died of starvation.
Thus does Christian capitalism exercise its beneficient sway over the destinies of mankind, and under divine
sanction the process of "benevolent
assimilation" goes merily on.
 o	
The Searle Manufacturing Co., and
Cluett, Peabody & Co., of Troy, New
York, have secured from the Supreme
Court an Injunction forbidding their
striking employees from picketing, boycotting nnd calling out "scab." Thus
again is the ancient and honorable privilege of the working man to make an
ass of himself arbitrarily curtailed by
brutal and arrogant capital.
C. M. O'B., Combermere, Ont.—
Clippings received. Also money. The
former we shall use without reserve/*
tion, but hesitate as to the latter,
for fear it may be "tainted." Please
advise us. Will forward file uf papers at once.
O., R., Los Angeles, Cal.—* Have already seen tho editorials mentioned,
and place the same value upon them
as you do. Those worthy persons
who arc so solicitious in regard to
concocting some scheme whereby the
workers may be organized to take
over the industries upon occasion,
overlook the very obvious fact that
the machinery of production is thc
factor that organizes the working-
men. It alone is the *>ower that
hinds them together und compels
them to act in unison., and along
the line it dictates. The workmen in
the factories, shops, railroads, etc.,
are, at this moment, held in organization by this compelling force. The
cannot break away from it no matter how frequently the ownership of
industry may change hands. Against
this organization the forces of capital can make no assault, because the
very sustenance of capital depends
upon its remaining Intact. When
the moment comes for the Revolution
Ho strike its decisive blow the organizing powers of the machinery of
production will still have the hosts
of labor ready at hand to at tend to
the obsequies of capitalism.   The S.
The nineteenth century was the century of capitalism. Capitalism filled
that century to overflowing with its
commerce, its industry, its manners, its
fashions, its literature, its art, its science, Its philosophy, its religion, its
politics aild its civil code, more universal than the laws imposed by Rome
upon the nations of the ancient world.
The capitalist movement, starting from
England, the United States and France,
has shaken the foundations of Europe
and of# the world. It has forced the
old feudal monarchies of Austria and
Germany and the barbaric despotism
of Russia to put themselves in line; and
in these last days It has gone Into the
extreme east, into Japan, where it has
overthrown the feudal system and implanted the industry and the politics of
capitalism.
Capitalism   has   taken   possession   of
our planet; its fleets bring together the
continents which oceans had separated;
its railroads,  spanning mountains and
deserts, furrow  the earth,  the electric
wires, the nervous system of the globe,
bind all nations together, and their palpitations reverberate in the great centers of population.    Now for the first
time  there  is  a  contemporary history
of the world.    Events in Australia, the
Transvaal, China,  are known in London, Paris  New  York,  at the moment
they are brought about, precisely as if
they happened in the outskirts of the
city where the news is published,
I    Civilized nations live off the products
[of  the  whole   earth.       Egypt,    India,
Louisiana, furnish the cotton, Australia
the  wool,  Japal!   the silk,  China    the
tea, Brazil coffee, New Zealand and
the United States the meat and grain.
The capitalist   carries  in  his stomach
;<nd on his back the spoils of the universe.
The study of natural phenomena has
undergone an unprecedented, an unheard-of, .development. New sciences,
geology, chemistry, physics, etc., have
arisen. The industrial application of
the forces of nature nnd of the discoveries of science hns taken on a still
more startling development; some of
Ihe geometrical discoveries of the scientists of Alexandria, two thousand
years old, have for the first time been
utilized.
The production of machine Industry
can provide for all demand nnd more.
The mechanical application of the forces of nature has increased man's productive forces tenfold, a hundredfold.
A few hours' daily labor, furnished by
the able-bodied members of the nation,
would produce enough to satisfy the
material and intellectual needs of all.
But what has come of the colossal
and wonderful development of science,
industry and commerce in the nineteenth century? Has lt made humanity
stronger, healthier, happier? Has it
given leisure to the producers? Has1.jt
brought comfort and contentment to
the people?
Never has work been so prolonged, so
exhausting, so injurious to man's body
and so fatal to his intelligence. Never
has the industrial labor which underT
mines health, shortens life and starves
the Intellect been so general, been Imposed on such ever-growing masses of
laborers. The men, women and children of the proletariat nre bent under
the iron yoke of machine Industry. Poverty is their reward when they work,
starvation when they lose their jobs.
In former stages of society, famine
appeared only when the earth refused
her harvests. In capitalist society,
famine sits at the hearth of the working class when granaries and cellars
burst with the fruits of the earth, and
when the market is gorged with the
products of industry.
All the toil, all the production, all the
suffering of the working class has but
served to heighten its physical and
mental destitution, to drag It down
from poverty into wretchedness.
Capitnlism, controlling the means of
production and directing the social and
political life of a century of science
and industry, has become bankrupt.
The capitalists have not even proved
competent, like the owners of chattel
slaves, to guarantee to their tollers the
work to provide their miserable livelihood; capitnlism massacred them when
they dared demand the right to work
—a slave's right.*
The capitalist class has also made a
failure of itself. It hns Belied upon
the social wealth to enjoy It, and never
was ruling class more Incapable of enjoyment. The newly-rich, those who
have built up their fortunes by accumulating the fllchlngs from labor,
live expatriated In the midst of luxury
and artistic treasures, with which they
surround themselves through a foolish
vanity, to pay homage to their millions.
The leading capitalists, the millionaires and billionaires, are sad speel-
ments of the human race, useless nnd
hurtful. The mark of degeneracy Is
upon them. Their sickly offspring are
old at birth. Their organs are sapped
with dleseases. Exquisite meats and
wines load down their tables, but the
stomach refuses to digest them; women
expert in love perfume their couches
with   youth   and   beauty,   but   their
LOCAL VICTORIA, No. 8, S. P. of
C. H. J. B. Harper, secretary,
Rock Bay Hotel.  Victoria, B.  0.
John Riordan, president- i,n<N
Brown, vice-president- p u N
casse sergeant-at-arms: vv'11 nH
bury, secretary-treasurer, p 0B.a.1
,98, Phoenix. B. C. U' H
Phoenix
W. F.
Miners'    Union,   Nl
.    M.    Meets    every SaLl
evening at 7,30 o'clock j„ igJL
hall.    Francis Knott
ehle 1*. Berry, secretary.
President,
LOCAL REVELSTOKE, No. 7. H.
Seigfrled, secretary, P.O. box 208,
Revelstoke,  B.   C.
LOCAL NANAIMO, No. 8. Daniel
Livingstone, secretary, Box 452,
Nanaimo, B.  C.
LOCAL VANANDA, No 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Texada
Island, B.  C.
BSTABUSHED 1894
The VOIC.
TMOMwt labor Paper in Canada
Always a fearless* i
•'■IHiiient Jn t),
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will I*
sent to any add re. s fur one year.
Workingmen of all countries *'ii
soon recognize the facl that thn
must cupport nml read tlieir labor
papers.
Issued every Friday,
The Voice Publishing Co., I.imiy
YVINNIl'i.G, MAN.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance HaU
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. O. Oribble,
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
senses are hciiujjibcd. They own pul-
atial dwellings In en,-banting sites, and
they have no eyes, no feeling for joyful nature, with its eternal youth and
change. Sated and disgusted with
every thing, they are followed everywhere with ennui as by their shadows.
They yawn at rising, and when they
go to bed; they yawn at their feasts
and at their orgies. They began yawning in their mother's womb.
The pessimism which, in the wake of
capitalist property, made its appearance in ancient Greece six centuries
before Jesus Christ, and which has
since formed the foundation of the
moral and religious philosophy of the
capitalist class, became the leading
characteristic of the philosophy of the
second half of the nineteenth century.
The pessimism of Thcognis sprang
from the uncertainties and vicissitudes
of life in the Greek cities, torn by the
perpetual wars between rich and poor;
the pessimism of the capitalist is the
bitter fruit of satiety, ennui and the
impoverishment of the blood.
The capitalist class i.s falling into Its
second childhood; its decrepitude appears in Its literature, now returning
to its starting point. Romantic literature, the literary form proper to the
capitalist class, which started out with
the romantic Christianity of Chateaubriand, ls returning to the same point,
after passing through the historical
novel and the character novel. (Witness in this country the Immense sale
ot "Ben Hur" and Its Imitators.—
Translator.) Capitalism, which in Its
virile and combative yuoth in the
eighteenth century had wished to
emancipate itself from Christianity,
resigns Itself in its old age to practices of the grossest superstition.
Capitalism, bankrupt, old, useless and
hurtful, has finished its historic mission; It persists as ruling class
only through its acquired momentum. The proletariat of the twentieth century will execute the decree of
history; will drive it from Its position
of social control. Then the stupendous
work in science and industry accomplished by civilised humanity, at the
price of such toll and suffering, will engender peace and happiness; thon will
this vale of tears be transformed into
an earthly paradise.
PAUL LAFARGUE.
 o -
"BL'RNED" BY COLD.
Intense cold, as Is well known, burns
—if we may use the term—like heat.
If a "drop" of air at a temperature ol
180 degrees below zero were placed upon thc hand it would have the same
effect as would the same quuntlty of
molten steel or lead. Every one who
hus the care of horses ought to know
the pain Inflicted by placing a frosted
bit In a horse' mouth. It burns like
hot iron.
J. KnwAitii limn. a  U  Ukydouji
(iKO. K. MCCjIOgBAH.
BIRD/BRYDOH-JAGK & McGRQSSAll
BABR.8TKK8, KOl.lflToKS, kk
Railway Block.    Tel. 82V.   P.O. linx •'••_
314 Hutisgi Street      -     Vancouver, B
—THE-
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Address:
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y
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TWO UNIQUE RAILROADS.
The rails of the Mexican Gudf railroad are laid on the mahogany sleepers,
and the bridges built of white marble.
In West Mexico is a line with ebony
sleepers and ballast of silver ore
drawn from the mines beside the track.
The engineers constructing these railways had no other material on the
loute, and found it cheaper to use
these seeming extravagances than t<
Import the ordinary material.
The Western
compromising
Clarion  is
advocate   <
MILLIONS OF JEWS.
According to a Jewish year-book pHb
lished In the United States, the totnl
number of Jews in the world Is $10,932,-
770. Out of these Russia has 5,189,401,
Austria-Hungary 2.076,381, America 1,-
253,218, Germany "i86,J.8 and Turkey 466,-
381.
111 null' Ibe
revolutionary aspirations of lj«
working class in the -boll'i-"*
of capitalist property and its complement, tlie wage system,
TAKE YOUB HAT TO THE
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155 Cordova Street
And   have   it   rejuvenated  with "V,,
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THE  MODERN   HAT   '"
KI_9TOK0B'
United Hatters of North America
When you ere buying a FUR HAT ■-*»--* |lff
tlie (lenuine Union Lahel la sewed ln It " * punas loom labels In his possession ond (-n*0™ Loo(i
one In a hat for you. do not patronise  him- .„,
labels In retail stores ere counterfeits '" * tf
Union Label Is perforated on four edges, *"'1 ^
■am* aa a postage stamp. Counterfeit" '"
time* perforated on three edges
on two. John B. Stetson Co ,
non-union concern.
JOHN  A.  MOPPITT,  President, Orange
MARTIN    LAWLoil.    Secretary,
New Yerk.
haTmtm «J- f,
or Phil adelpl,"*-
N. J-
H   V. averly
tu*
______ Sevtahhtr »>.  I***.
Ethics of the Traders
-mm "Mass and Class," by W. j. Ghent.
fas!
„f the traders which
„. ug  since, with the world
,0";,, traders are In the saddle.
I-*1'"'   '.„,, dominant, and prevail
"■^nd school, at the bar *a_ on
ir,hh     .  form the basil of the
I*""1 ,:„; v of to-day.      Whatever
c-i*1"1        „.  mav  arise,   whntever
llfal Sard* may develop, in the
.       m classes, they are neverthe-
**"im La or checked by the ethical
*-rf,r"-     from above.     When  the
J.'fir JuetKles     his own con-
-**"bl    V It not In conformity with
IfiVethlcs of his class, but   In
r<     will,   the    ethics     of     the
i**""1   ' |„.g     He Is Benerully a vlc-
*-"■'"" eMitV   nnd must take work
,.,,,;, to his class conscience
Hut his conscl-
, normal being, reproves
,   „ only by the flatterlnK
,  ,     , .,„ ethio borrowed from   an
P"    i   ' |Ls that it can be sooth-
^f a  like     I'OHltion     l«     the
'   ,, .„,, is led to perform the ser-
rnnt    trnili.m-.'lass retainer.     His
I    i inntlnott consonant with the ex-
T'f hto "un.tlon,   would  prompt
f      , an ethlc seeking to harmo-
'     conflicting Interests of various
it  is only by judging his
lin of '""'
I Wn class honor.
if he !•"
hn iho i
last's: it I   -     ^^^^^^^^^^^_^^__
»nduct by the test of a tradings
■nethlc that be can justify It. Here,
fa all other places, the influence of
Inb In moulding beliefs and lnstltu-
mi. .mil In prompting action toward
IQlal end, is coiinterchecked or sub-
iiWM by the pressure of the mater-
finterestei of the dominant class.
■Ltupreme ethlc of the trading class
|^t of contract       It Is an ethlc
Ihkh consists of two parts—a     con-
i of the right to make any bar-
Iin which the other party can be In-
yl to agree to, and a conviction of
duly of  keeping    the   agreement
|N made.    All of our legal Institu-
bu reflect and uphold this ethic; an
,; officials; a great number     of
tarts, swarmed about by a multitude
liwyers; no less than forty-nine dlf-
rent groups of  legislators,  Including
neofthe territories, and of the mini capital, and a vast mass of legal j
[Ation and Judicial  decision.     It  isl
irthii which Is held valid despite the,
mO nml deception which are practls-;
throughout  the  processes of trade-.'
ua general thing, only the grosser
iiiuro   patent    funns    of    fraud,
[liti'l which  specific laws have  been
Jbed, justify, to the trader mind, the
puki-ii,' of an agreement.    The court
pilars are perpetually crowded, it is
fe with cases of trader vs. trader. in-
pviiie Imi!,; in the inaklng or brenk-
t of contracts,     Hut   these,   for  the
part, represent     only  the  most
Iftag violations.    F,,r the multitudln-
ltransactions of the ordinary  kind
ihlch misrepresentation Is employed,]
t'.<- is no appeal and the trader code
Hides the menus by Ihe end.   Indeed,'
bol Infrequently happens   that the
ilerwho complalna of a bad bargain
looked upon by his fellows with much
|same contempt thnt is visited upon
"squealer" ,if a -brace" faro game
I lhe "comic-back" of a "green-goods"
ration.    The standards     are much
same, east and west,     north     and
|itli. throughout the range     of mer-
Nltlng    But they are more Strict-
I to, with a loss frequent resort to
Healing," In the freer and less regu-
I sorts ,>f merchandising such    as
■•trading, mine-selling, and   other
"■•'Tine transactions than In the bet-
"gulat •,! but more     sordid     nu-r
"■JidWrig „r ,|,e -rent trading marts.
Jack London,  the  novelist,  gives
■"Mislng instance of the wonderment
l""o veteran prospectors over     the
»»ct of a poor swede upon whom
"*">ad unloaded a supposedly worth-
i mine:
«r« were in his eyes and  throat.
le> nm down bis cheeks us he knelt
~* 'hem and pleaded and implored.
inn ana Kink did not Inught. They
"p.I,:l'"•' been harder-hearted.
"fst time 1  ever  heard     a man
P'"l over a mlnin' deal.'    Bill said,
make fr„e to say 'tis too onusu-
,'"" ni" to savvy.'
•"fe," Kink    MHehell    renmrked.
"Jeals is like horse-trading.'
*** were honest in their wonder-
they , (mid not conceive of
I • "'■■"■• raising a wall over a busl-
r nnuctlon, so they could not un*
r;""1 11 In another man."
I' j'11"' ,,f contract ls to-day mor
""J', more forcibly held among the
..,.,,       s  l ■■■"••  ever  before.     The
-of deception In necessarily ut-
hv an  Increasing faith  in the
IT!,.
Pt
I-t Of
tha  fabricator and seller    to
("Pfesent-nt least up to a certain
1 '""I ui increasing reliance upon
'ligation of the buyer to fulfil his
'•"llH'llt.
i','"lll";-( hiss morality actually ree-
s ui ethic of deception.     It   ls
I  ",'      '"• <,lllle(1 lv 8llent ethlc- for
"'' as a rule, openly or flauntlng-
»er_llUnued'    But " ,8 none the lG8S
I  '  V held,  ,,nd  the overwhelming
m ."f trndlng-clr,
pa win
i it.
ng-class practices nre ln
1 ""Hi'oasi
which hi
"I  must live,"  Is its
caveat
on; and its outer expres-
l~" long been embodied In
emptor," "let the buyer
1 truii    A" ''"-eellent Illustration  of
"IB-class view of it Is revealed
L    "'' published some time ngo In
im '""';' or«*-*n of capitalist ethics,
.ij Wk Times:
IWhii.    °r "f UlG Now Yol"k Times:
„   « conversing with a friend some
I1*Wu 'l (nnnce remark that
Hied I 8Teat ,imount ot fraud per-
II, ""'v udnys which ln the eyes
li,l fl'". ri,t,"'s was quite Justifiable,
I "n the following remarkable
« Tom my friend: 'Why, in
"<R8    competition makes     It
etnent
hush
Palble
for a single f,rm "t'Q exlgt lf
r'Uo its goods.'
ffnotMult»,
,,„'; [""'al's business, but the exls
"■'•Iml." ?.wh,,'h he -aplalned
■ "hy fru^T, ,'('aHn**'* I shall not men-
"'Htloi
'otlot, to
^^^^^^^ were
me, and though at first
bis statement was rather appalling his
SUlwec.uent explanation hus to my mi,,,,
Justified his course.
"Hi* argument in Substance was that
a merchant who discovers that all his
oorhpetitore are able to undersell him
because they adulterate their goods is
Justified in following their example in
""-defence, if for no other reason.
< ui the,.more, a man vho has the means
to retire when these practices of his
competitors become intolerable, owes a
certain obligation to his employees
many of whom, perhaps, have grown
"Id In the concern, and are unfit to
start business life afresh. To sell out
would be merely shifting the responsibility to other shoulders.
"Always take it for granted that the
adulteration practised Is not Injurious
and ls practically proof fr„in detection,
is a man censurable who sells a -adulterated article as 'absolutely pure,'
when the conditions described are taken
Into consideration?
"Q. B. o."
Not often Is this ethlc of deception so
Ingeniously and publicly proclaimed.
Hul though it is here the voice of only
a single Individual, lt Is, If the overwhelming muss of commercial practices
nre to be held to represent the trading-
class mind, an almost universally held
ethic among traders. What delightful
naivete ia revealed In that qualifying
clause, "always taking it for granted]
that the adulteration practised is not'
injurious and is practically proof from I
detection:" The primitive savages'
concept of evil, not as an injurious deed,'
but as tiie getting caught at it, would'
seem Vi be a lusty survival in the trad-'
Ing-claas morality of to-day.
"Deception," writes Profesor Ward in
his Pure Sociology, "may almost be
called the foundation of business. It is!
true that if all business men would al-!
together discard it matters would pro-'
bably be far better for them than they
are, but taking the human character us'
It is, it is frankly avowed by business!
men themselves that no business could
succeed for a single year if It were to'
attempt single handed and alone to1
adopt such an Innovation. The particular form of deception characteristic of;
business is called shrewdness, and is
universally considered proper and up-!
right. There is a sort of code that fix-1
es the limit beyond which this form of'
deception must not be carried, and
those who exceed that limit are looked
Upon somewhat as is a pugallst whoi
hits below the belt. Hut within those!
limits every one expects every other to
BUggest the false and suppress the1
true."
To what degree this deception is car-
lied, and how it comes to Its flower and
fruitage is an unparalleled reign of
fiaud and graft, must be passed for thc
pn sent; to be considered at some length
in  the two following chapters.
Though the supreme ethlc of the trading-class is that of contract, including
Us auxiliary, that of deception, there
are other class convictions quite as
firmly held. One of these not to be|
omitted from mention is the ethic ofi
the sacredness of private possessions
What the individual has gained possession of, that ls bis agalnsta all the
world; and they that would seek to levy(
upon It for even tbe most useful so-j
clal purposes are usually regarded as
robbers. Thus it comes that taxation
and customs duties, except when the
latter become, as protective tariffs, a
means of personal enrichment, are noti
infrequently classed by the traders as'
legalized theft. Especially are the in-l
herttance and Income taxes and the duties on personal belongings provocvut
Ives of trading-class Indignation and re
scntment. That nine-tenths of all gov
ernnieiit.il activity is exercised in pro-|
tectlng the traders and securing them'
In their possession Is a fact patent to'
most, even to the traders themselves;;
and that government Is therefore justi-j
fled in levying upon such possessions
would seem to be axiomatic. But ho
consideration of logical right can whoi-'
ly supplant the outraged ethic of the
sacredness ot private possessions In the
trading-class mind.
A different kind of ethlc, a projected
ethic, as it were—an ethlc not for the
guidance and governance of themselves
but for the direction of men of another
class which is fiercely held by the traders, is Iho ethlc Of free labor. It lias
developed quite as naturally as have
the other ethical standards of this
dass, out Of the pressure of economic^
needs. In feudal times the dominant
dass held to llie ethlc of B bound labor.
The Interests of the barons made suchj
a status a necessity,    ami    naturally
these barons arrived at the conclusion
that It was best for religion and morality, for mankind, for the state, and
particularly for the vllllens themselves; and the priestly and lay retainers (with such exceptions as "Wlcklif's"
russet priests and some others) coincided In the view. Hut the transformation
to capitalism, with Its fierce competition, its changing tebhnlo of production,
and Its fluctuating markets, necessitated a greater mobility of labor. Capitalism cannot undertake the maintenance
of its workers, but must have them In
great masses, ready to be hired at will
and subject to instnnt discharge. Trade-
unions, therefore, In regulating, or attempting to regulate, this supply of labor and the hours and conditions under
which It is employed, are a palpable Interference with the necessities of capitalism. Hence arise the cries for "free"
labor—labor that Is not associated but
is ready at all times to serve on the
terms laid down for It-nnd for the open
shops where the working conditions are
I hose only which the Individual master
Is willing to give.
An ethlc, this standard has been called- hut It Is doubtful If It reaches the
worth and standard of an ethic by
mere trading-class cerebration alone.
It Is nf a different nature from the
other  ethical   standards,   peculiar      to
^S^^^^^^jMwb^gfeJiA
^aQ^
■^w^.^-c.^cw----.*
themselves, which the members, of «.
dass develop out of the exercise of their'
particular functions. It is, on the con-1
nary, a standard imposed upon them'
for something the traders need and
want, purely material and sordid tn Its'
nature, and doubtless at first unsancti-l
lied in the trader mind by any nirmabus1
of moral sentiment. Not until it passes
through tir. prism of the retainer is It
invested with a halo of righteousness;
not until then does lt acquire a religious'
validity, a sanction in accord with the
laws of Nature and of Nature's God.1
Thus hallowed by the retainers, it is
reabsorbed into trading-class morality,'
and takes equal standing with its other,
ethical standards.
In the light of this ethlc, as It is now,
being industriously expounded by our
comfortable factory lords and their re-|
tainers, the common phenomena of the
Industrial life take on new and wondrous forms. "Free labor"—that is labor go servile and helpless that it must
needs accept employment at any wage
and under any conditions—becomes
glorious, patriotic, heroic, what you
will. Union labor, which seeks to have
some voice in determining the wages
and conditions under which it will employ Itself, becomes cowardly und supine, the victim of tyrannical walking
delegates or corrupt political wire-pull-'
ors. The attempt to enforce Its terms
becomes the Impudent, assertion of a
tight to "run the employers business,"
and, finally, the open shop, wherein the
workman Is sooner or later reduced to a
mere tool of the master, becomes an
earthly paradise, and abode of joy and
peace. Of such Is that part of tradlng-
dass morality imposed upon other men,
when Illumined and sanctified by the
moral and intellectual retainers.
(Continued next week.)
 o	
OUR RAILROAD SYSTEM.
Despite its vast proportions, the railroad system of the United States continues to maintain its rapid rate of
growth, and the last report of the Interstate Commerce Commission shows
that there are at present no indications
of any such stagnation as marked the
year 1893-1S94. The growth is a steady
and a healthy one. The total single-
track railway mileage has risen to 213,-
901 miles, an increase during the year
Of r,,927 miles. These figures and those
that follow represent no less than 2,-
104 separate railway corporations. In
the service of the railways there are
■ll).74;i locomotives, an Increase of 2,872.
The total number of cars is 1,798,561, an
increase during the year of 45,172. Of
this total, 39,752 are passenger cars,
1,692,194 freight cars, and the remainder
are employed in the special service of
the railroads. The work of equipping
the rolling stock with train brakes and
automatic couplers is in a satisfactory
condition, as out of a total of over 1,-
SuO.OOO locomotives and cars, over one
and a half million are fitted with train
brakes, and over 1,800,000 are fitted with
automatic couplers. The par value of
the amount of railway capital outstanding is J13,213.124,679, which represents a
capitalisation of $64,265 per mile.
During the year the number of passengers carried was 715.4I9.6S2, an increase of 20,528,147. and the number of
Ions of freight carried was 1,309.899,165,
an increase of five and a half million In
the year. The net earnings of the railways amounted to $636,277,838, a decrease of $7,030,217. The amount of
dividends declared during the year
amounted to $222,056,595. The total
number of casualties to persons on the
railways for the year was 94,201, of
which 10,046 represented the number
of persons killed and 84,155 the number
injured. Of switch tenders, crossing
tenders and watchmen, 229 were killed
and 2.070 were injured; while of other
employees, 1,289 were killed and 35,722
injured. The number of passengers
killed In the course of the year was
441, and 9,111 were injured. Of these,
262 passengers were killed and 4,978 were
injured in collisions and derailments.
When these statistics tell us that   the
i-alio of casualties Indicates that one
employee in every 3S7 was killed, and
one In every 19 was Injured, we begin
to realize how serious are the risks run
by those who maintain our great railroad system In constant operation. The
risk to life and limb of the trainmen
surely has its parallel nowhere outside
of the battlefield; for we learn that ln
the particular year under consideration,
one trainman was killed for every 120
employed, and one nut of every nine was
injured. This proportion of casualties.
as a matter of fact, is Just about one-
half as great as that of the whole Japanese army during the recent war.—
Scientific American.
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PLATFORM OF THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convent! a a tembled, affirm ou'
-llegiance to and support of the principles and pr-g..am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should *u«tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecwitcmic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist ia
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working claas
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in 1
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalidtto hold;
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the clan struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all worker*
to organize under the banner of. the
Socialist Party of Canada with tha object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting op and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, «t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective proper*
ty of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic or*
ganization and management of industry by Uie workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
a* possible, of production for use fat-
stead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make tha
answer to this question its guiding
rale of conduct:. Will this legislatioo
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If It will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it win
not, the Socialist Party ia absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with thla principle th*
Socialist Party pledges Itself to conduct all tie public affairs placed ia
its hands In such a manner as to pro*
mote the interests of the working cum
alone.
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
Q   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
Local.
.Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize tbe class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political sprem.icy, i. e. possession of tbe reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitled to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Applicant.
Address....
Occupation	
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Lwal 19	
 Chairman        , Rec.-Sec.
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Socialist Party of Canada
DOMINION  RXECDTIVB  HEADQUARTERS.
J. O. MORGAN, Secretary-
Vancouver, B. 0.
SO'CtALISM A-ND TliE
FUTURE   COMMONWEAL'!*-"..
.__
VANCOUVER  LOCAL NO.   I.
Tne regular weekly business meeting of the Vancouver Local, was held
at the headquarters on Monday evening, Sept. 25th., Comrade Pritchard
presiding.
The Literary agent reported the
purchase of new literature to the value of $10.80.
The financial report showed $5.50
received for dues during the week.
Comrade L.  T.  English will  speak
at Sullivan Hall,  Cordova street on
Sunday evening next.
DAVID P. MILLS,
Secretary,
o
WHY?
He talks of military life ns being 80-
Socialism is the science which
treats of the principles and forces
involved in the evolution of society
and in the organization ol a rational system of society based upon justice to all of  its members.
Muny  Socialist  writers and  speak-
tually a school of democracy and hints'era confound Socialism with the So-
at a danger which threatens the state ...ialist state or co-operative commoa-
unless "the governing class give thelr!,^ ThiH is a serious mistake,
best consideration to the present ten- SooUaiam and iii0 ca-oporative com-
dency of thought In the nation.      He.        ^^ ^ entire,y ^^
nrK;rsp.tef0of0This ecuallzlng tenden-1 *--ings. The cooperauvc common-
cy the distance between rich and poor wealth, when it shall have been lain Japan must inevitably increase. The augurated. will he the art of redux-
rrrowth of expenditure on administration ing to practice the principles of _o-
nnd on repayment of loans and other j cialism. It will then be a fact,
legacies of the war, together with the but it will not lie Socialism,
rise in prices, will widen the breach be- The co-operative commonwealth is
twecn the masses and their rulers, and a thing of the future, butjbociat
although the growth of capital will en- ^m ,s a thing of the p.esent. We
large the sphere of financial operations, have Socialism now   and have    had
it ever since Karl Marx discovered it
r?uch Is the and gave  it to the  world. Whon Socialist-writers and speakers use such
as    "When     Hoc.alism
of the principles ol Socialism; nor all
of them combined art Soeiall&n. So;
ciallam is a science. A science is
svstemized knowledge- of the principles and forces involved in the phenomena of things. But the principles
and forces themselves are not science.
The principles and forces Involved in
the phenomena of things ate co-cter-
uil with the things ther*-elves. But
science is ul hut recent date. The
science of Socialism is only about
fifty yours old.—By Dr. J, F. Sand-
in  Chicago   S.m ialist.
•.'IS,
A Till I* TO SEATTLE.
"Just now," says Jerome K. Jerome,
in London Opinion, "Just now we   are
having an exciting correspondence   in
the Times on the subject   of   charity.
Indignant ladles and gentlemen are demanding that the poor shall be at once
abolished.    The middle-class stock and
share holder is growing tired    of   the
poor—of the laboring classes generally.
He complains that the working   classes
are claiming to be his     equals;     and
points out, very logically, that lf that
be so he ought not be expected to pay
for the education of their children, for
the   maintenance of  themselves   when
old and worn out.    Why should he be
expected to subscribe to hospitals and
fresh air funds? If the working classes
are his equals, why do they come begging to him?     The argument is unanswerable."    So we think.    Jerome continues:     "One thanks this middle-class
Diogenes for his plain speaking.    It ls
time the working classes gave up this
everlasting begging.    They ought to be
ashamed  to  accept  charity.       Capital
does not, go a-begging.    Capital   does
not ask the state to maintain lt when
infirm and incapable.    Why should labor?    The laboring classes remain   so
lazy,  so stupid, one begins to despise
them.    They appear to be fit for nothing but whining and crumbling.   I get
letters from young clerks dreaming of
absurd marriages—whining to be given,
ln exchange for twelve hours'     brain
work a day. a sufficient wage to enable
one to enjoy the primeval   rights     of
common manhood.    Your laboring man
cannot pay for his children's schooling;
they are talking now of providing his
children  with free breakfasts.       Your
farm laborer ls whining for a roof to
his hovel.    One ls tired of his whining,
especially when one reflects that if he
did a little less whining, and a   little
more plain thinking, he would do away
with the need for whining once and tor
all.     Capital does not whine.     Capital
has made the laws, and ls content with
them.     Has it ever occurred to labor
that the  whole law-making apparatus
of every  civilized state ls entirely In
Its own hands?"    No comment seems
required.—London Justice.
the money will find its way to the rich,,
rather than  to the poor-
change    that   will    come    with peace.
While central public opinion tends fo- B*P"**SBipns
^5 equality. Pthe financiall^tton W j£^~^»»Sfflk
will tend to create a social abyss." l*-tc- lnev rLUI lo """ *-*"*-■«■■---■'
The result of the war in_shQrt, ]fcftg^ ^ two k,nd, of Socialists,
been to set Japan upon her^"«Jgl)M{Jg_D*and jde_l A scientific So-
teach ^.^^J^^^'eitalai is one who understands scien-
power.     Unless this situation Is faced 8ociaUsm.     An ideal    Socialist
and provided for,   his wrtt^r predicts'a.s^o ^*» un4orstaWd
terrible explosion."-Transla4Wns -**-w-**i8l.lcIlUf,c Socialism,  but who is m*v-
for The Literary Digest. ly   charlMeii   by  tho iK-auties of end
" \ihe   advantages
According to the census reports there'
to be derived from
tho    Socialist   state, or co-operative
are   to-day   two  men   bo   every     job.'commonwealth.     Ih* is prone  to ask
What's the matter?    Is it because we the question:      "How cei*.  Socialism
have too many laws, or too few?    IsV»  «-«£<- _£*** |°K™ j*8£
';   * , .       'not exist?      Thus, we see one ot the
It because of non-enforcement of laws (ruUs . ^ mjstakc 0i confounding
or class Interpretation of law? It is SociBiisin wi>,h th-j cp-pperative coui-
none of these.    Primarily lt Is because moowealllh!
the workers do not own or control j Tb(, flllMjamenta* principle of So,
the tools with which they work; tt ls c^-js-, jM unwed "Th« Economic ln-
hecause production is for profit and not terpretation of History, or Econo-
for use. Commodities are only produc-!mic Determinism," By th|s is meant
ed for profit, and to make a profit the tnat tne prevailing method of pro-
capltallsts, the owners of the machinery auction end distribution of tna meane
of production, can only give back to the of life during any given epoch in hu-
wage-workers a small portion of the'msj, history form the basis of all
wealth they produce. • The producers social institutions, moral standards,
cannot consume all the wealth they etc, during th»t epoch, and that
produce because they have net an equal these social institutions, mpra> stan-
amount of wealth to exchange for it/jtyrtls, etc., change with the change
The capitalists rmwt look tor a foreign in the jncthod of production and dis-
market  ln which  to  dispose     of this'tribution.
surplus wealth. As these foreign mar- According to thjs principle of So-
kets become glutted, or the workers In pj-jjism the thought or idea of Sp-
forelgn markets begin to more ;md cjalis-ii did not comie into the world
more supply their own wants, we have by chance or accident, but as the le-
what the political economists calll over- gitimate an,d iBevijtablp resujt pf tho
production. Then our masters, the present method pf production and <jjs
owners of the  tools  with  which     we tribution.
work, must of necessity curtail produc-| The change from the competitive tp
tion, and then we have two men for t the co-operative method ot prpduc-
every job. Aftsr n while lt will be Uop and distribution which is now
more. This, I say. Is primarily the rapidly taking place is not the re-
cause. The Immediate cause Is a lack sujt of Socialism, but the present
Of solidarity in the ranks of laber, tha method of production apd distribu-
tendency to follow false teachings and,tion is the cause of the thought pr
fake or ignorant leaders. It ls be- idea of Soc}alif_- lovolving from
cause of the failure of 88 per cent, of Marx's brain. Thoughts pn Socjal-
the people, who make up the working ism or on any other subject 4*> nplt
class, to understand that their Inter- evolve from ficople's brains accident--
eats   are  Identical.     The  need  of  the ally     or     spontaneously. Every
hour is agitation, education and organl- thought i.e the legitimate and inev-
zatUm. And the greatest of these Is liable elTect.pf ar» Jjiiequate cause,
education.—"3, Ni Richardson In the Ap- and could not  otherwise exist
^REVOLUTIONARY  RESULTS  OP
VICTORY UPON JAPAN.
The riots ln Japan give point to a remarkable article In the Europeaen (Par-
Is) by the editor of the Tokyo Malnlchl
Rhlnbun. This editor, who is a deputy
in the Japanese parliament, declares
that the war has Inspired his people
with the spirit of democracy. He says
that for the firt time In their history
the Japanese have found themselves
and recognized their responsibilities as
a nation, and adds that the idea of
equality among men has superseded
that of aristocratic exclusiveness and
plebeian s'-.bmission. Every man, rich
or poor, feels himself on the same footing In the eyes of the nation.
He goes on to draw a parallel between Japan and England. After England's great struggle with France,
which ended with the battle of Water-
peal.
PEOPLE WHO LIVE IN NESTS.
Travellers who have returned
the heart of Africa and the Australasian continent tell wonderful stories of
nest -building people who inhabit the
wilds of those countries. In the hush
men pf Australia we find, perhaps, the
lowest order of men that is known.
 —n—O	
THE WORLD'S  OCEAN CABLES.
There are 252,436 miles of ocean eabje
in operation to-day, and only 38,797
miles are owned by governments. The
British  cables,   which  connect  London
The reason why Marx wrote his
treatise on Socialism at the time
he did is because the evolution of industry had reached that stage of de-
from velopmeht' whfeb forced the thought
of Socialism to germinate i» his
brain, And the same cause is today, forcing the iieople of all civilized nations to think along the same
hues. Thus, how common it is to
hear jieople exclain) when they hear
Socialism explained for the first
time: "Why, I have been thjnkj|*g
alonir those same lines all the time.
I have been a Socialist all the time
find'didn't know it."
The fpur stages in the evolution of
industry from  siavpry  to  the co-op-
with all parts of the world, bave a total T^Jrf^ttin™ "?**'■*, ^
mllf.a-_.nf im im .compared to the four stages in   the
mileage of 154,099,
evolution of the human being
'infancy to manhood.     Slavery
from
com-
ehild-
loo, the spirit of reform, the sense of i in a theatre at Lodz last night.   An in-
personal responsibility,  was evoked In dividual from the gallery flooded     the
In   consequence of the execution   <■„ t    , f
Friday of Ivan    Kaspshak   a Socialist hood    the      ^ fe
„._2£,-W to  youth Xl   the  co-op:
martial  for  Inciting  political  murders. erative cornrnonwPalth JL manhood'*
all the faeries in Warsaw struck on     -ft,  (Mfrorcat  _f ,     (he    £
. *•„? •     C°*Tck.    a"d  'nfantry   are,ti«n ot industry are just as   natural
patrolling the street. I and  inevitable  as  are  the     different
A lar,... number of arrest,   wen- made st~-,,s  ,n   the  evolution of  thp    human being.
Ureal Britain. So ln Japan the perso
nal patriotism of the Mikado's subjects
"has been proved and exhibited at Mukden and Liau-Yang, and, after those
victories, and the arrival of peace, will
survive in a new feeling of political and
civil Independence. To the success of
Japanese arms, he says, every person
in the country, young or old, contrlbut
ed by his self-casrlfIce.    To quote:
"This people, which has sacrificed Its
money, to the extent of selling personal clothing for the benefit of the national war fund, and which ".as given
generously the life-blood of its children,
occupies no privileged position in the
state and enjoys no pension as the nobles do. Without denying the ability
and devotion of the military leaders, lt
must be allowed that but for the heroic spirit displayed by the rank and file
success In any great degree would have
been impossible."
The writer proceeds to show that war
has filled the mind of the Japanese with
a sense of democratic equality. Those
who fought for peace and Independence
must enjoy the fruits of tt As In England the continental victories of Well-
llngton paved ihe way for the reforms
of 1882, so Japan expects that the extension of political privileges will result from the victories gained In Manchuria. He proposes, accordingly,
something like universal suffrage In Japan.    In his own words:
"It Is Ul advised, or rather unreasonable, to tell those who have devoted
themselves to the service of their country, and are conspicuous for thei. loy-
ulty. that because they do not pay high
taxes they therefore have no right of
'interference In the affairs of the nation. By extending tie franchise on a
large scale such deputies will have a
chance of being elected as really represent the claims of the people, and are
more interested in relieving social distress than ln projects of fresh taxation.
In this way the distance between rich
and poor will be lessened and popular
discontent kept ln check."
house  with  revolutionary     documents
whereupon  the police  surrounded
theatre and arrested about 200 of   the
occupants,
This  being  true,   the scientific
So-
the Clafist'  -"cognizes the fact that it   is
just as absurd  nnd  as much  put  of ..
placo to blame the beneficiarjies af tho ras
Having been booked by Local Seattle, lo spe*- at two imblic meetings in that city on Sunday, Sept.
_Hh, 1 boarded the C.l'.H. steamer
Princess Victoria. Saturday, September 23, ut 1 o'clock, p.m.. for tho
purpose of keeping the engagement.
Both gulf and sound were as placid
as a mill-panel, and the weather being pleasant, the trip proved a de*
ligfatful on". Whila passlag the
mouih of the Vi aser River, the scene
was eniivone-l by ihe jumping of innumerable salmon, und the lazy but
graceful antics of a school of whales
as they would come to the surface
tq "blow," before again sinking to
t^ie depths below.
The 'steamer    stop|ied   at    Victoria
one    hour   u»<l   (ortM^W   F-*rnu*es*
which was iiil<i>n advantage of by   a
hasty   visit      to  Comrades  Mr.  and
Mrs.   Stott,   late  of  Winnipeg,  Man.,
\Mt who have recently pitched   their
tent in lho   l'f*!>('<*-*  l*1***-     Leaving
Victoria nt 6:*l_'p.m.,  Uju lights   of
Seattle were sightod shortly    before
11  o'clock, nnd soon after,  the steamer was fust to J}gr dock.   The brilliant illumination of Ipe ieadiflg ho
tele,  and    other  prominent build'ngs
of  Seattle    nrtr,rd/s a pleasing   s^ght
when   yioiyotl   fwm ""    flpprHachfi*
vessel.
Upon landing,   I  was  fortunate
securing    a   pilot   in  the jierson   of
CQmittde  J.   N.   Boult,    recently     of
Vancouver who  succee«ie.4 i|* piloting
me through as noisy a band of hod
"amites as it ever was my bad    fo,
tune to encounter,  who with    lust
lung extended  to the wayfarer    th
froedpm of the city a#d vociferousf
beaougift him to partake of her bounties as offered  for his delpctation   by
tne v^rtpus hostelrjes for which tb
respectively ,'ajseii tjjslr ipfernal d|n.
Successfully  escaping  ihejr  good-wi'l
offerings,   however,   I   at   last     ca.
anchor  in  an   humble  First    Avenu
jednt,   where  for  th1-' paltry  sum   of
one dollar I secure^ a fair   sized an
reasonably   fujrnishe4  room  for     t^
night.    The  proprietor  kindly allow
. ed me the privilege of fighting   mos
qllitoes until breakfast time the next
morniHg tyilhput extra charge.   During my occupancy of these quarters,
[1   truly     led     the "strenuous life. '
When daylight flooded my boudoir, it
shtfwe.d    tjie     premises well  littered
with the mortal rehigins of defunct
"skeeters," and the bed linen looked
as though it  might have served    as
bandages    at  the Battle of Mukden.
T*i«  pxppscd    parts  of  my   anatomy
especially the tpp of my head where
I wear my hadr short, was as covered with    red blotches os   though   I
was suffering from hog cholera.
Seattle is a good town to strike
on Sunday and otner dry times. The
way-faror with parphefi apd rusty
throat will find no Lord's Day Alliance barring his approach to tho
soothing flood for which his gullet
haflkereth. If be desires to fumigate
nis person, apd c'rcumjacteftt space,
with the fumes of the fragrant weed,
he can provide himself with the tiee-
epsary equipment without being compelled to purchase a meal. Al", ot
which is quite a rel'ef tp one • ho
lived    for     any length  of  litpe
st_bli'.<hSng the movement upon
sound,lihes, is particularly notice-
ble in Seattle The t-mrades are
to be congratulated upon the good
work done. It will be unnecessary
to urge them to continue, ns in the
make-up of the Socialist no provision has been made for stopping his
machinery. It is bound to keep on
going..
Currying with mc tlie fraternal
greetings of tho Seattle comrades to
those of British Columbia, I .joaided
tho steamer at midnight for the return trip, and once more cast anchor for tho daily grind in the Clarion office at 11 a.m. on Monday me
28th, fully conscious, not only of
having had an enjoyable trip, ■ -t
that tho movement of the pi oltinje-
iat along the pathway lea-ing to labor's emancipation is forging ahead
in other lands as well MS Hi,ii.*l*.
Columbia.—K. T. Kingsi'iv.
.—, o	
BRIOSON'S BAKER
Powell Straal. Cedar Com
TRY  OUR  BKEAD,   CAKRs
Mounting uw dame ii,„,ls „
■-P~i.il
JOHN    COOPS
Taxidermist and trnrtaemT
826 Pssssr St. k%tST
VANCCU'VUK, ll.
'■•I lbs
;<♦'♦« »H^
I Burns & Co.
HARDWARE and
Second Hand Dealers
jeystwm, the capitalist, or the in-
It is asserted that the "Coal Trust" dividual capitalist for the deplorable
has stored 400,000.000 tons of coal In an- state of affairs in society today as it
tlcipatlon of a strike of the unions would be to condemn the youth for
when the present agreement expires n's natural imperfect physical and in-
next sprlns and that the miners have ■ellectual development;
accumulated a fund of $2,000,000 for the I There was a time in the memory
fame purpose. As 400,000.000 tons of coal °' n-any now living when it was Just
is to $2,000,000, so Is the strength of the •vork for -1 or not. Op the contra-
mlne-owners compared to that of the people that shrewd business men
miners. This ls, however, still fur- should build the railroads, the mills,
ther agrpravated by the fact that the ih° -actories and perfect these and all
former are few ln numbers while there y1*3 0,n(*r means of industry should
are many thousands of the latter. It ■*' ma<1e ,ne common proiwrty of all,
ought not to be difficult to figure out <0 he operated by all for the ocfual
beforehand  which  side  will  come  out benefit of all.
victor should the expected contest oc-!    But  **-*• ,act <nat the co-operative
system naturally anil inevitably follows the competitive system does not
mean lhat  the co-operative common-
 — .weallh   will    come     whether iieople
Of European nations the Norwegians work for it or not. On the contra-
and Swedes are the longest lived, the ry it means that the people through
Spaniards the shortest. According to a their material interests or economic
foreign statistical return recently is- necessity are compelled and will be
sued, the average duration of life is more and more comfielled to work
as follows:     Sweden and Norway, fifty for it.
years; England, forty-five years and All people are primarily moved or
three months; Belgium, forty-four controlled by their economic inter-
years and eleven months; Switzerland, ests, because the obtaining of the
forty-four years and four months, means of living is tho most import.
France, forty-three years and six rn.nl concern of life, because all are
months: Austria, thirty-nine years and conjrpelled to struggle for the means
eight months; Prussia and Italy, thlr- of living and because each desires
ty-nine years; Bavaria, thirty-six years, the best living possible with the
and Spain,  thirty-two years and   four least amount  of exertion.      This   is
LENGTH OF LIFE IN EUROPE.
months.
ATEIMTS
-.™_7»r---'i___i
we solicit the oustneaa of Manofactnrers,
Bngiucers and others who raliie Ihe advisability of having their Patent businens ImnMcted
by BxperU. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Oar hive-tor" a Adviser sent upon
request Marion _ Marion. Mew Vork IJfe BUc,
Montreal; aad Washington, D.C, V.S-k,
what is meant by Economism Determinism.
| Another serious and very common
mistake made b.v Socialists is that
they teach that the collective ownership and democratic management of
the means of industry is Socialism.
This is not true. The collective ownership and democratic management
of the means of industry Is the basic
principle ot the co-operative common
wealth, but ia not Socialism. No one
among the Gpd-fearing and hypocritical  humbugs  that  rule   Vi4;u er.
I found the Seattle Cornea lis . o>u-
fortabiy chartered in i fomu.od'o.ia
headquarters and reading room ot
400 l'ine Street. The reading too...
is on the ground floor of the building and therefore easy to lorate. It
appeared to be well patronized by nn
earnest and well-balanced }ot of
workingmep.
The propaganda meetings are held
in a commodious, well-lighted apd
well-ventilated hall in the second
story of the same building. The afternoon meeting was attended by
about 200 people and the ovening
meeting by fully 450. Close attention was given to tha arguments offered, and the general tone and trend
of the questions put to the shaker,
showed the audience to havo been
composed largely of persons familiar
with the phenomena of capitalism,
and by no menns unacquainted with
the revolutionary impulse that is impelling the workers to break the
chains of wage-bondage. While an
occasional feeble wail is heard from
some poor unfortunate grievously infected with the "industrial microbe,
the movement in Seattle in the main
apiwars to be forging ahead upon
sound nnd clean-cut lines. It Beems
to be in the hands of the proletarian
element, tne ••intellectual would-be's"
and their baneful influences related
to the bnck-ground. T_e progress
made during the last few years, towards clearing away confusion, and
Japanese exchanges report an Increasing (letriiiiel for female laborers In Tokio. Female clerks nre gradually being substituted for men In office work.
A Truss
Will Cure You
We sell more Trusses probably than
any other drugstore in this section,
.s.ioiniood-i jno jo ouo »ju suesnjj,
We buy the very besj,. >Ve fit you
right, making sure you get the exact size anil kind you need. You nre
fitted by an expert of many years'
experience. Our _sf.«ir| nu-ji). is very
compfete.
ELASTIC  TIU'SSBS,   HARJi   KCH-
BJ8R TO-83ES, BPRWQ
TRUSSES.
Also a complete stock of
ABDOMINAL SL'1-I'pRTKIlW
SHOULDER BKACES.
CRUTCHES
ANp KUj-C'f'ljJC n-'-f/rs.
Prices to sujt every purse. If yoit
need n Truss, come in and |et us
MP y,9u:
It Happens so
OFTEN
Thjs store ),as calls  for things not
carrjed by most  drugstpres.  W ajm
Uj n-n'er disappoint.     If ypn nave a
difficult prescription, bring it here,
Dr.   Carl's Flea and  Hug Extermln
ator, 75c for  35c
Dr.   Park's  Antiseptic  Tooth wash,
25c bottle for ...@ 12|c
Dr.   Koch's  Kidney   Cure  we guarantee, fl. for  .<U)  75c.
Effervescing  Salts,     *.i  per  bott"o"
for  «5c
Soda    Phosphate,    1   Ib tins,    Oc,
for   30c
Foot ppwder,  25c  per  box for    10c.
Stewa.rt'8 Kidpey  Pills uer box  SOc
for  .'.  30c
Fly Paper, per package   5c
Witch  Hazel  Cream,    25c  ficr  bottle, for    15c
Castoria, per bottle _0c
Dr,   Godfrey's Irpn   tonic pills,  50c
per box, fpr  a., (j.-ip
Shaving soap, 10c per cak.. for  5p
Absorbent   Cotton,   00c  per  pound
box, for   45c
Etc, etc., etc.
Ymi  can  save  from  35  tp 40
cent, on your prescriptions here.
T-trgost and cheapest 8tl„.k „.
Cook Stoves In the City        '
Boom  Chains.    Au__f_   i
gore
Chains,    Augttrx
.lacks,  Etc.
We have moved Into our no..
and  commodious  promises
138 Cordova St., East
'PfcMt 1579       Vancouver, B. 0.
' tmwwmmwmwwwaw^essssusm
Cedar Cove Meat Mark
J.   A.
Fttib and
tilt Meats
IIAMI.KY.
Prop.
Fish u
Vtqillb
An Oppprlune
fime for Reading
ilrop in snd see our splendid aAsortui
if rending nmlUr. Try our I
xr^Qtige.   Keturn Iwo ojd It pk_
rec.-ive one new onr.
E, GALLOWAY
VANCOUVER, 11, it,
m Abbott Street       Vancouver,
Mail orders promptly attendtdl
HI'BSCRTBEHS TAKE NOTICE
This issue is  Nn   :;i"     li ih
tflo  number  tippn  yijui   addfcw
your  subsrriptiiin  expires with
numlM-r.     If further copies are d.
sd,  rerioiviij sh(iu|il  be made at
l|  care  is  taken  tu  renew  before
ij.xpirn, Urn of tho old subscription
V»ill  greatly simplify  matters jn
Office lib  \v|'!( nB nvcul ;,nv break
receipt of papers.
TIIK WKSTI".U\ CLARION
ltox h:»',
Vani ouver ll.
per-
REO CROSS UNION
0RU6 STORE
-UKItMAN-
+
rreicriplioa    ■   ■    Oraegiiti
5,'l Cordova St., opp. P. Hums & Co.
Negligee Shirti
Nat Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns arc now herfr
some of the choice ones will be ml
early, and somo of tho de_l|U •
cannot duplicate. If you apprerid
unusual styles it will lntaital jwt
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
The Snartett Solt Hat ol the Seam
These Hate havo been enthusiutl
cally received by young men Irci
the very first day we brought tlw
out. Neither trouble nor espeu
has beep saved in the prQductlOjM
those goods, as you will eshoerfum
acknowledge upon examinatiop.
KILROY,  MORGAN  CO, LTO
111 Cordova Street
8, T, WALLACE'S
Cash Grocery Stort
We also carry n full II"'' ol Pjjl
ture,   on easy  payments,   at  P
that cannot bo duplicated.    '•'"-*•
inspect our stock.
Cor WestMinster Ave and Harris StreH
VANCOUVIOK, M <-•
IN
WATCH
REPAIRING
GREAT CARE IS EXERCISED, AS
WE ENTRUST THE REPAIR TO
EXPERIENCED WORKMEN ONLY,
AND NOT TO APPRENTICES OR
AMATEURS.
SPROTT & Co.
2 Cordova   St,    next to Harvey's.
mmm—
ELECTRIC LIGHT
coal  oil  liui'l'
Electric  Lighting system that are usin-,'
should not bo.
The Electric Light is tho   modern   light,   tho  sun
convenient light,  the cheap Hgiht.       0NOE   USED,
USED;   thnt is why we ask, you to try It.
t'nll and sec thn- Chief of   our Lighting Department  nnd
the matter over.
„f o«r
Thi"*
light,   ""
ALWAYS
talk
BX.BL£CnriUCRAILWAYC0.
■_■_■

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