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The Western Clarion Mar 10, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Clan Alone.
THm i*    aen
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday, March io, 1906.
flatter and Servant Act Paotet Second Reading.   Island Settlers'
Rights Not Extended. After Lengthy Ofscossion Columbia 0 Western Dill Passes Second Reading.
|'u*-es Second Heading After a Warm
Dsbata, Hawthornthwaite Bcoret
olivur mui Maedonald.
'rhe amendment to the ColumSiu
„ Wi'hK-rn Hallway Bnbsldy Act,
IH'.MI, which v-aa introiUwoil to tiie
House I"1'* wmeU, by the Hon. 11. V.
«;rn-n, Chief Commissioner ,f !.un<lK
a. Works, mafia as follows:
\n Act lo Amend thu "UoitUDbia &
Western    Hallway    Subsidy     Act,
Whereas, by chapter M ol tba Uta-
tutos nl iw'***>. the Columbia A Vim-
t.iu Hallway Companv v>t*t »|.. .,<-.
(.united und empowered to ■:->. ^ •' u-t
„ line of railway of standard urinr-
row k""!'' •■'-"» '* onini at or 'ii ar
the Town of IVntlitoii, and the com*
iiaB) wm* uuttiori/.'ii 1.1 dHIds Itf
undertaking into >.ix v:ti ins, I.i lie
known us the first, hm nul, third,
lourtli. lifth and sixth sections rea»
um lively,  as follows:
Hie  first   section   to consist  of thai
portion of ihe line extending from u
point ut or near the mouth of Trail
Creak, on tha Columbia River, tin-tin-
westerly to a |«>int nt or n«-ar ihe
Town of Rbtalanfl.
Iti.' Mcond aactlon to consist ul
that portion of tha line, or txten*
smn  thi-reof,  extending  from  a DOiflt
nt nr near the mouth of Trail Creak
aforesaid. In an easterly o% south' -r-
Ij direction, not more than twenty
miles In a dh-Oct  line:
The third section to consist of that,
l-nrlinn of the line extending from
such point nt or P—tf Ibe Town of
llo-tMnml to a point ut ,,r n<nr
Christina lake
Tho lourlh wction to <i»hm*i of
thnt portion of thi: line <ii'-n :■•..
from such |K»inl nt or near Chrr tins lai-e to a point a* or war ihe
I own of Midway:
Hi.- fiiih asojlun t«i conaiat of that
portion of th•- line extending from a
|xrint at or ii-ar the sniil Town of
Midway to „ point haif-wny or more
to tbe town uf  I'enticton:
Ih.' sixth auction to ron»ii*i of lhalj
I'o: lion of UM line extending Iron
such half-wu.v point to a point a' or
n«'ar  the Town  of  I'-ntieton
Ami whi-ri'd*. th«' t'oiii|*uii\ hits '<>n-
Mrmi.-ii u narrow -.'i>*isr«* ruiiw_v
n|H'ii Itction one, ami a Maiei-U-
Hiiittr,- railwav u|ioii Mvtions Him-
uiu! four, niui no const met ions hns
tuken   plai ••   upon   mm! ions    two,   five
and mx
And, wharaaa, uuder the provision*
oi rhupt.r 8 of the Statute* of 1896,
ix'iiu* the 'Colunrtiin and Western
Railway Bmhamfy Art, lawa," her.-m-
aftet called tha "Subsidy Act." the
Company has earned in respect of
•■' nous one and three an area nin-
ounting to one million six humln-d
aad Mn.-e thoiisiiml thr»<e hundred tindj
twrl\.- 11,008,8—SI) atr«*s of land, ol
»Imli -\en hundred and ninety-four
thousand four hundred and tony
1794,440) acres have ali-tid*. If«*n
granted to the company, l< iiiing a
balance oi (right bundnd and eight
thousand eight hundred and seven t.w
two (808,873) acres earned, but not
And whereas the Company has u|i-
|ili.«l lor a grant of the last-iie'n-
Uoned area of land, but it appears
not lluit th« l.ii'iitennnt Governor
luis noi pow the power to make said
grant, in \irttie of the provision of
■octlon S of thc "Subsidy Act" that
no Ian-Is shall be granted to the
Company which have not been «1«—
Nignntj-d and surveyed liy thc Company within seven years from tlie
|«iasngt> of the "Subsidy Act." which
"as enacted nnd came into force ou
th™ 17th day o( A|»rll,  lHtM):
And whereas the Company urgw
'hut thi? suai aid has been duiy oarii-
ed and thut the delay tn aurvnyine
the land has arisen from the fact
that iieg-it ia tions with regard to
this nil! were carried on batWOWl the
Cotbpany und the Executive of the
I'roviiKC for a long time, and finally resulted In tho passage of an order in Council bearing date the 10th
day of August, A.l)., liiul, twhivh,
t'rder in Council was subsotfucutly
renclnded), by which an area of land
In South Bail Kooicnay, was to be
conveyed to the Com-iany in full settlement of Its said claim for aid In
i'-niert of lhe construction of snW
•sctioM one and throe of its mil-
Aral whereas the Company Is Juatt-
i.v entitled to obtain the full moa*
s"rc of aid earned bv It as aforesaid
under Its "Subsidy Act."
l'lieiefore, His ' Majesty, by and
*''th tlh> advice and consent of lhe
-^Rtllatilft Assembly of tho Viet-
J Ince of Hritish Columbia, enacts as
1. This Act mny lie cited as the
'''••hii-laa and Western Railway
]!Hl,SioV Aci«  18Wr''  Amendmont Act,
'-■ tt shall be lawful for the I-ctt-
'•■-iirit-Oovernor  in   Council  to  issue
'own grants In favor of thc said
'''mpany for not moro than eight
ntindfod and eight Ihousand eight
■'•'iiilrod and aevenly-two (808,873)
n,'rt''* of the land from which grants
""W be made according to lhe pro-
V|''i"nM of said "Subsidy Act," In
™H Hatisfactlon of tht* aid enrnetl by
the Company umler Its "Subsidy
A,t" In reapect of said, sections one
"<'d thi-eo, provided tho said lands
thrill he designated and surveyed in
"« manner prsscrllwd by sold "Bub-
s'dy Act" within one year from   tho
passage  of   this  Act.
•!. The land to be granted to the
Company under the powers conferred by this Act shall not be subject
to 1'rovlnclal taxation until the expiration of ten yours from thu third
day of October, A.D. 1901, or until
uUunuti-d by lease, ugreeraent for
sale, or otherwise by the Comimuy,
whicheViT ev.nt. may the sooner hap-
p<™i, arid the provlslona of section H
uf the 'Sul,s|«|y Act" shall not a|>-
|.ly  to  said   lost-mentioned  land.
Hon. Mr. Often explained that the
Hill, its will be soen, gave certain
Krants of land to tlie Courjainy for
Hi.' completion of certain sti-tions of
the road. They had completed sections 1, S, and 4, but (he Act only
allowed them the land grants for
s-ctions 1 and 8, since the terms
were that they were not to receive
lite  graul   for  WCtlOn   1   till    section
5 wus completed, and it never wus
completed. They ware, according to
the terms to have iln*se lands surveyed within 7 years, but owing to
in*g«it4ations nuh diflerent Oovern-
iiietits, und cancellations uf different
I onions  of  the  land  they  had    been
■ nuble to g»'t it surveyed, and ihe
I resent Hill »as inteuikxl to give one
more yeBr to get the suiveying dotte
so that Crown grant for the lands
COUld   be   iKsued.
Mr. Maedonald opposed tbe Hill.
He said ihe grant had Im-iii given in
the first I lace on the understand'mt
'hnt the line was to lie built through
to I'enticton to connect with the
HhwA-VP A OV-inflimn and C. P. It.
over oVunagun Late, and thus in a
way give Coast Cities direct cotn-
niiiiiiintion with the Kootcnay. Thc
line had only Ixs-n built as far as
Midway, the contract had never !s*en
tarried out and ihey were not en-
mlid to the land.
Hm Premier gave a history of the
Ireneartlon showing that the reason
they had built to Midway and not
io IVnticton was that in 189*1 Mac-
'-•n/io & Mann acipiirexl thc V.V. a
I*, charter, and it was urraut-od
that they should build from 1'eutic-
'oii tu Midway un that instead, |>ut
..wing   Id  successive changes  of  (»oV-
ernnMnt  this arrangement hod   n«v-
■ r inn-n carried out. and coneMquenb'
ly tba Coluiiilua & VS«*steni hod not
SUIWajWd the lauds. At one Ume
ihey Warn to l>e givi'n a c_«h sulisi-
dy, and later on two of tho blocks
in Suuth-Kast KdOtanay were rnn-
elh-d by tbt* BOUM. l*he Itailwny
Company had not known where il
Stood, and it wns nol fair that they
shiHild K;si- the land for these rea-
Mr. Oliver made a slashing attack
on the Dill, going fully into his own
glorious share in the cancellation of
lhe blocks in Southeast Kootenny,
mid pointing out   thut   the  Columbia
6 Western Company was really only
another name for the t'.l'.H. which
ohim-iI the line and was worthy of no
consnieration. He characterised the
Hill in wry loud tones ns a most infamous  transaction.
Stuart Henderson of Ashcroft pro-
pn-'d a '°ng wimh-d amendment to
iii*gntiv« the Dill in nn wfually long
winded epeech in which h«* repcatid
the same arguments ns had been used hy Maedonald nnd Oliver.
Hon. Carter-Cotton geve the history of the transaction from his
own --crsorial experience, he ami
*-|»'ak.-r Pooky bring the only mem-
iK-rs to the present House that hud
U-en in il in 1NU6, when the Dill
wus first introduced. He showed
that when he was Finance Mrinister
m the Semlin-Cotton Government he
lunl himself nrrangxwl with Sir Tho-
nuis Shaughnessy to giw the railway company a cash bonus of $8tJO,-
imio inscribed Itoek of tho Province,
lor which the Oovernmcnt wns to
lake the land back. Deforc tho
agreement could be carried out. the
(luM'intiK'iii wus defeated and the no*
got int ions fell through, l.'nder tho
Turn-r Oowet ninent the land hod
been exchanged for other grants in
Southeast Kootenai. later on,
these nguin hnd Iss-n cancelled, and
ihe t'ompiuiy not feeling sure whe-
iher they would ever be given the
lunds tlu*y had earned according to
the Act, had delayed their surveys
to sis- where thoy stood. As the tlc-
iSv was the fault of the Government and not of the railway com-
l*a_y, it was only fair to give them
un extension nml allow thorn to
complete their surveys.
Dowser also gave a long address
tlosoriliing the amendment of Henderson as nnother Jesuitical dodge on
the part of the Opposition to defeat
„ Just measure. The legislatiuro was
Ml*- a Court in some respects and
should deal justly.
Oliver suid if the Legislature was
a Court, il was very evident that
Dowser hold n brief in it for tho 0.
P. K.
Henderson's amendment was de-
feuted b.v '-(" to 13, tho Socialists
Voting with| the Government and
Price Ellison, tho Conservative niom-
lior for Okanagan, voting with the
I.il*>riv1s  for  it.
TIk) debate on the second reading
of tho Dill vus I hen continued by
Mr. Hawthoriithwiiitc in an able ami
exhaustive .s|ieech.
Mt. HawthornUiwuite said they had
heard a great deal about minor and
useless details, but the broad question before the House was, after all,
was this a Dill simply to hand over
800.000 acres as a free gift to the
C.P.n., or was it an Act to insure
the fulfilment or previous contracts
entered into by previous Governments with the C.P.H. There was
no denying thot a contract hod been
entered into, and they had to consider whether that bargain was a
valid one or not or whether there
was anything to Justify them in not
fulfilling  it to  the letter.
Dofore going on to deal with the
Dill itself, we would touch upon the,
position of the laboring men all
through the Province on the t|uos.
tion of land grants. It was a
plank in his party (the Socialist) to
oppose not only thc granting of
lends to railways, but also the giv.
ing of money bonuses. He believed
that the opposition to those gratitH
among thc Inlioringmen and their
representatives arose largely from
their absolute ignorance of the rial
conditions attaching to them. To
understand these conditions it was
necessary to go back a little. Mony
yoars ago, Great Dritain entered into what was known as the colonial
policy. Foreign countries were captured and added to the Dritish domain and a Dritish administration
was placed in power. It was desir-
i*i by the Dritish Government at thc
time to open up these new places
on the same principles that prevailed in the old country. It was found
however, that this did not workout
es well as they thought. Capitalists
left for Canada and Australia, taking with them money and machinery
to iKHt^esn ibe land. When the work-
i-igmen went out there they found
large traits of land lying vacant,
and naturally they wished to take it
up and build homes for themselves.
and cultivate tho land and raise
great <*jantities of iiroducc for which
they had a ready market, ft was
found that if this were allowed the
n4d country system would not hold,
ind .-tome effort must be made to
compel the capitalist production to
lie carried on thore as it was In thc
old country. They bad two methods
of accomplishing this, The first was
to place a large sua*, upon the lands
in the colonics, for the purpose of
giving away large sums of mono
to railways and corporations for the
purposing of developing these countries, and it worked out in this way:
Thc workingmen went out and found
they could not take possession ol
tbese lands without payment, and
conaetftjently they had to enter into
the labor market and earn the money before they could obtain the land,
for in addition to the cost of the
land itself they had to buy cattle
u_'l machinery to work the land, so
that practically they still found
themselves under the same conditions)
that prevailed in the older countries, and hence their objection to
land grants by colonial governments.
Dut that condition did not prevail
today, ami if every acre of land in
the Dominion was open free ot charge
to the laborer to go upon and cults,
vate, he could not improve his condition one iota. There is no chance.
Farmers today are producing more
than can be sold, more than can be
consumed; and lf every corporation
in Dritish Columbia owned not a
single acre it would make no difference to the workingman.
It is said to be dishonest to give
land grants and bonuses to railway
corporations, and the Dritish House
of Commons, which never does this,
is held up as a body, like Caesar's
wife above reproach. It is, however,
simply owing to the fact that it
does not own _ single acre of land
that it can give away; but M it
could it is safe to say the Dritish
House of Commons would be Just as
corrupt,, and there would be just as
much doodling going on as there is
today in Ottawa even under the
Government of Sir Wilfrid Laurier
himself. (Hear, hear!. But they
have nothing to give away and so
ian afford  to  brag of their honesty.
(Continued on Page Three)
The March of Progress
The primal world from chaos spiune
Knew not this crushing curse of gold
Man was his master when the world was young.
His labor then he neither bought nor sold.
But love of self a motive base supplied;
To bind his fellow m.-m
Then seemed the wiser plan,
As sad-eyed slave to dig, to delve and span
The earth with highways, prisons, palaces of pride.
By war's red hand torn from ties of home,
The bloody sweat of suffering thousands dyed
The sands of Egypt and the soil of Greece and Rome.
Tyrants and priests were powerful to command
By axe and rod the service of their kind,
Till fell the Caesar's empire, unrepined.
Thro' ages, dark with crimes of church and crown,
The toiler to his master's soil was bound.
To armed oppression, lowly bending down,
He paid his tribute for his mite of ground.
Priestcraft as ever was the tyrant's s rong, right arm
To crush the sages rude,
Who but dimly understood
And voiced tbe stifled murmurs of the multitude.
But stake nor prison coufd not all disarm
Their clamoringsloud.    For Hunger vainly cried
For bread, not stones.    Nor could the oppressor charm
The cry for justice, that would not be denied.
In arms for Truth the trampled toilers stood.
Bedewed with blood, and new-born from the throes
Of warring chaos wild, the new Democracy arose.
Then Commerce throve.    From new found western lands,
Came argosies with glittering freights of ore,
Before whose image bowed the servile bands
Of nobles, priests ?nd kings.    Once more
The iron law of change the cringing serf controlled
To bow his knee to gold—
Helpless, and hopeless to behold
The Tool he worked with in the days of old
Torn from his hand and used to fill
The coffers of the rich; his power to labor sold
To buy the bread that once his single skill
Sufficed to earn.   And now fresh woes untold
Were heaped upon this ancient gull to mankind's greed,
The slave of the machine— the latest of the breed.
Crushed by the power their hands have blindly wrought,
Earth's millions groan and bind more fast
The chains their fathers forged and slave-like taught
Their offspring to revere the sacred Past.
They have enthroned firmly and maintain
Their tyrants, and on high
Have placed an incarnate Lie,
Soothing their souls with hopes beyond the sky.
Content to toil and sweat for others gain;
Content to sow where others reap;
Building palatial mansions on the pain
Of e'eath by hu- ger.    Do ye sleep
O weary workers, or does the time draw nigh
When like Aeolus bursting from his wind-swept cave
Ye grind into the dost the hater- name of slave?
And yet despair not, suffering sons of toil.
Your broken wings were made to soar not creep.
The wealth is yours who made it and the soil
So rich in treasures.   Earth and ocean deep
Will amply clothe and feed
All your thousands in their need.
Yours is the task to end the reign of greed.
The self-same forces working as of old,
That forged the fetters that have bound you fast,
Will free you from the system's iron hold,—
Will crown you victors o'er the dreary Past.
Then haste with hopeful hands the time decreed!
Whether with olive crowned or heralded by war-like drams,
Swiftly, by day and night, in every land,  thc Revolution
Alexander Stephens.
Pennyweight libi.-l.abs., art 20-Tm Socialist!; tht Static Train
Unionist; tbt Juices of Anticipation, and Stmt
End Paddings.
Looking over the legislative records for the present session, one is
led to ask from the standpoint of
labor, bow many pennyweight Lib.-
Lab. McNiven* it would take to
make a 20-ion Hawthornthwaite ?
Work it out somebody and give us
the (kjotieut, si'uare-root or greatest
common multiple next week,.
• •   •   •
Alluding to the parliamentary lead-*
er of thu Socialist 1'arty in the B.
C. Legislature, the oracular editor
of the "Trades Unionist," for March
says: "Jim is a Socialist ail right,
"ULT" at the present time is steering a course that must conmtetut fajg-j
to the trades unionist." Oh, Sanh-
vel, Saiuive.', bow thou hast neglected thine own education; how blinded thou art to the limitations of th-|
ancient gospel of Unionism. Canst
thou not see that Jim, as thou
callest him, is not a good member
spite of. but ^'BECAUSE" of hia.
Socialism? More than twenty centuries ago the sage of Kphesus said
"Ail things flow;" lived he to-day,
he would have to except the static
Trades Unionist.   Alas! poor   Sami-
• •   •   •
With the juices of anticipation
boiling in his gastric churn, Mac
exclaims, "O, what must it be to be
there," as looking, through the administrative cage, he sees the good
things served up on government
platters, and he outside, hungry poor
fellow, and content perforce with a
miserable sessional indemnity. Waa
ever noble gentleman and following
treated so basely? In front of him
the administrative roasts aad ragouts, also handouts, which make little cataracts of his mouth corners,
and salt rheum to exude from bis
eyes. Behind him the loud boom of
tbe "Woooorld" "storm the citadel,
and seat yourself (and us) at the
banquet Mac." We would explain
that by Mac., we mean the Honorable Mr. Macdobald, leader of His
Majesty's opposition in the British
Columbia legislature. The pity of
the whole business is that it clouds
the mentality of the honorable gentleman, so much indeed, that he cannot discern a Socialist from a Tory,
claiming that the Socialist members
are government aupporters. Was ever
noble gentleman so grievously demented?
• •  •   •
Dont regard Socialism as an invention patented by Messrs. Marx. Engels A Co., or any other fellow for
(hanging human beings into saints,
or bringing the roil Ionium. It is rather for changinp- them from Slaves
to Men and Women. The abhve masters in sociological science may be
said to have invented nothing. They
discovered and revealed facts in the
economic structure of society; they
then related these to current events
and conditions, and from- this deduced and formulated what is called
Scientific Socialism. This, with theis
appeals to the working classes constitutes, in the main, their whole
• •   •   •
You may have all the parts of a
machine pe fectly made and of the
best mate: ial, yet, if they be not
perfectly a sembled and articulated,
you will not have smooth worluing.
or efficiency, and may have serious
disaster. So in human society, there
may be the best of men and women,
hut if unjustly related in a social
sense, the result must of necessity be
friction, strife and oppression. Tbe
prime necessity, the basic factor in
thc aim to secure social harmony
and well being is an equitable appropriation of material things. The
whole question is one ot Social Relations. What, in addition to a secure bold upon life and material well
being, will grow upon an equitable
economii- foundation is a matter for
both hoj*e and speculation, and not
necessarily a part of Socialism. This
is why we advance first and always
the economic end of our social creed.
• •   •   •
The C.P.R. has got the Street
ends; it has had the middles a long
Ume. Hereby we are reminded of a
story of two bachelors dining together; a roley-poley pudding was served up; Bill asked of Tom, "do ye
like ends or middles, matey?" "Middles," replied Tom. "I like ends,"
said Bill, and straightway cut the
pudding in two, taking the whole
thing upon hia own platter.
An    Old    Country    correspondent,
writing "home" from the Transvaal,
after having studied  the labor   pro-
Mem there, says in part:
The supporters of the degrading
system of Chinese labor which has
been introduced into the Ttansvaal
with the assent of the late Tory
Oovcrnment, for the benefit of the
rapacious mineowners of the Rand,
contend that it is not slavery. This
absurd contention is easily disposed
of by a few quotations from the
Chinese Ordinance.
(a) The Chinese are not to be allowed to stay anywhere but in com-
■Kiunds. They may never leave those
compounds without a ticket-of-leave.
ln any case they must not be out of
the compound more than 48 hours,
nor travel more than a mile from the
(b) If any escapes from his work
(!!!) he may be arrested without a
warrant and sentenced to imprisonment, and anyone who harbors or
conceals an escaped laborer (1.11)
may also be fined or imprisoned.
(c) They are not to be allowed to
trade or own any property, or work
at anything but in the mines.
(d) They must have a pass; and
any Chinaman in the Transvaal who
is challenged and is not in possession of a pass will be imprisoned as
an escaped laborer! !i!
Is that not slavery? A new phrase
has been added to the English language—"an escaped laborer!" A
new crime has been discovered—"escaping from work!" Can any me
read that and deny that Chinese labor is one of the worst forms ot
After (piot ing statistics which
prove beyond question that with
white labor the cost of production
is actually less, the correspondent
"Why are Chinese employed In preference to white men?"
The reason is to be found in this
letter which Mr. Cresswell, tbe manager,  received  from  the mineowners:
"Dear Mr. Cresswell — With refcrc
ence to your trial of white labor on
th6 mine, I have consulted the Consolidated (ioldfields people, and one
of the members of the Board of the
Villaigp Main Reef Company. has consulted Messrs. Wernher, Beit A Co.,
and the foeling seems to be one of
fear that, having a large number of
white men employed on tbe Rand in
the position of laborers, the same
trouibles will arise as are now prevalent in the Australian Colonies—
namely, that by combination the laboring classes will become so strong
as to be able more or less to dictate not. only on the question of
wages, but also on politi'-al questions by the power of their votes
when representative government is
established. —Yours sincerely, Percy
Tar-butt, Director of the Consolidated Gold fields Company. To the
M«**ag»?r -of the Village Main Reef
Co.,  July, 1903."
There's the rub. White men would
require  VOTES, and though at   tbe
dictation of tbe mineowners of the
Rand the Tory .Government made an
unnecessary war and spent 260 millions of pounds, and lost 25,000
British lives, for the ostensible purpose of getting votes, Chinamen are
now to be employed for the reason
that white men would require
VOTES! It is slaves the mineowners and the abettors in this country
want to populate the Transvaal
with; White manhood would be too
dangerous for their selfish interests.
—Kilmarnock Standard.
South African War Waged for Something More Than the Glory ot
God and Rand Mine-Owners
A Pretoria dispatch to the daily
press says: Extraordinary testimony
showing how million- of dollars wens
stolen from the British government,
with the connivance of scores of army officers, has been presented to
the war stores commission, which
has been sitting here for several
Some of tbe men whose names have
been tarnished by the revelations,
were mentioned in dispatches for
heroism during the recent war, others are prominent business men here
and in England, while others are
petty army officers, and even "Tommy Atkinses," who were bribed to
aid in the plans of the contractors
and army officers.
It is noteworthy that among those
who profited the meat were local British firms and individual Englishmen
who, before the war, were busiest in
proclaiming the Boer government
corrupt alnd who took a leading part
of the propaganda which eventually
led to the war.
A genial old "guinea" publishing a
a small saloon weekly in Seattle,
called the "Patriarch," fears the enfranchisement of women. Thinks they
would use "undue influence" to cop
jobs and whatnot. Under the present system of ownership of the
means of life, his contention might
be half true, but when woman, along
with man, stands economically free,
there will be no necessity for "influences" to acquire place or the
means ot sustenance. When "the
source of supply" is woman herself,
she will cease to be a dependent, or
viewed as such. That woman coidd
make less use of the ballot than her
male fellow-slaves is inconceivable.
Owing to shortage of the rice
crop in the North of Japan, one million people are sufferini*; famine.
Many are said to be living o*n acorns
Japan is still, however, forging
ahead among the great ca|ritali«t na-i
tions by steadily adding to the volume of her exports, and the c.oii»'|ie»t
of foreign markets. She is also Increasing her navy. This should ~,>
far to allay the pangs of hunger en-,
ong her famine stricken people.
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SATURDAY,  Wch 10,160o
i in
Ihe Western Clarion
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■est Issue.
March 10, 1906
The wage-slave is prone to consider himself as something quite different from his chattel slave and feudal serf predecessor. He fancies himself uniite a free man and often
boasts of tbe rights he possesses under present day civilization. So long
aa be is inflated with these peculiar
notions and ideas, be is a bard proposition to do anything with. It is
next to impossible to get anything
through his head that runs counter
to Ida preconceived prejudices and
notions that have been fostered hy
his fancied condition of freedom.
Many a drastic lesson is required
be ore such a conglomeration of stupidity can be taught to see things as
they are, and'realize tbat the difference between the status of the wage-
slave and that of the chattel-slave,
or feudal serf, is one of outward appearance only. That these names
are but different ones for that which
is in essence one and the same thing.
The essence of slavery is that the
master may command the services of
the slave and reap the benefit of hie
toil. This is as completely arrived
at under the present or wage-system
as it was under either chattel slavery or feudal serfdom. Slavery of it-
self implies that the slave is without rights. He can have none, else
he would not be a slave. No rights
of slaves can be even su-nrested that
the master is in any manner bound
to respect. It is the purest nonsense to assert that all men are equal before the law. It is even worse
than tbat. It is an accursed falsehood- The law is the creature of
the master, designed for the purpose
of holding the slave in subjection.
Therefore, not even by the wildest
stretch of tbe imagination, could
master and slave stand equal before
it. To one it is a protection; to the
other a curse.
The -apitalists of the United States,
are doing everything in their power
" to convince their wage-slaves of the
fact that they possess no rights
whatever, that even the meanest official ia bound to respect. An instance
of this is afforded in the recent arrest of Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone, of tha Western Federation of
Miners. Arbitrarily seized by the
dirty henchmen of capitalist officialdom aad without even the opportunity of securing legal advice or projection and thrust into solitary confinement; denied access to by friends
or relatives, or even tbe privilege of
communication therewith, these men
have been deprived of all the rights
tbe American sovereign is supposed
to possess, and that too, upon the
altered confession of a couple of contemptible curs who bear all the earmark* of being tools of the capitalists used for the purpose of bringing about the murder of the W. F.
of M. officials.
There is a pleasing fiction afloat
in legal circles that every person is
supposed to be innocent of crime
until proven guilty. And yet every
vile creature of present day savafcery.
(miscalled civilization) from the dirty thugs who hatched the conspiracy to murder these men and have
carried out the preliminaries leading
up to lt, down to the most slimily
disgusting and putrefying images of
j man that even cursed the foot-stool,
the daily press writers, have adjudged them guilty of murders galore, and brazenly proclaimed their
guilt from the housetops, as though
it were a matter beyond the possibility of a doubt.
What evndence has been offered that
any sane mas .would accept, that
these men have committed even   one
unlawful act, let alone murder or its
instigation? None whatsoever. True
a few allegations it is claimed have
been made by detectives and other
police officials, and confessions have
been made by what are evidently
paid spies of the police or detectives
Any man who would believe a policeman, police official, or detective,
though sworn upon a stock ot bibles
a mile high, is too green to be allowed to run nt large. There has
probably never yet been ono of the
dirty breed that would hesitate t0
swear his own mother's life away
for a dollar, or at the most a dollar and a half.
The lesson to bo learned by thc
wage-slave is that if he desires to
possess any rights in this world he
must fight for them against all the
powers that may be brought against
him by those who would hold him
in continued subjection and enslavement. The law will protect and defend no one whom it is not intended
to protect and defend. It can protect only those who stand upon the
right side of it, and that is those
who belong to the gang which makes
and administers it. Thc law will
protect and defend the mine-owners,
and their dirty tools and henchmen,
in their assault upon the officials of
the W. F. of M. It will afford no
protection, however, to the latter,
and unless the workingmen wish to
stand supinely by and see their leaders martyred, as were the so-called
Chicago anarchists 19 years ago, the
sooner each man lays in a Winchester and a plentiful supply of am muni
tion, and gives notice to capitalist
murderers that he purposes to use it
in defence of his life and that of his
fellows, the better. An unarmed proletariat is easy game for the brutal
thugs and assassins of the present.
ruling class. An armed proletariat
would be quite a different proposition.
Workingmen of the United States,
get wise.    It is time for action.
Miss Mabel French, of New Brunswick, applied for permission to practice as an attorney. Permission was
refused by the Supreme Court of the
Province upon the ground that a
woman was not a "person" within
the meaning of the statutes duly
made and provided by the concrete
wisdom of New Brunswick's legislative wise men. The pathway to affluence and power by thc simple expedient of charging fat fees for looking wise while engaged in disguisinn
mental vacuity neath a copious flow
of terrifying legal verbiage and windy phrase, being thus barred to her,
presumably Mabel was compelled to
resort to some more plebian pastime in order to allay the cruel
pangs of oft-recurring hunger. That
is, stoma'h hunger, not heart hunger. Whether, in order to provide
the material basis for spiritual un-
fo|dment, she enlisted as a "hash-
slinger" Sn a 15 cent dump at a salary of $3.50 per week, or 'tjecame addicted to the habit of sewing on
pants buttons in a sweatshop at the
munificent stipend of 10 cents for
lljj doz; deponent sayeth not. Neither does it matter much. Be that
as it may, however, shortly after
Mabel was thrown down by the August Supreme Court, another New
Brunswick female, (not a person) b
the name of Kate Smith, was haled
before the St. John's police court,
upon a charge of drunkenness. His
worship, or by what other sickening
gag he may be denominated according to New Brunswickian flap-doodle, the presiding justice looked, judicially, as it were, into the by-law,
and discovered that, "any person
who shall be found drunk or makinn
any loud bawling, yelling, scream in>.
singing, or shouting in any public
street, thoroughfare, alley, road, or
by-road, shall be fined," etc. Though
full as a tick, Kate was evidently
possessed of legal qualifications of
such excellence as might well be envied by many an attorney-general,
or K.C., and would be entirely out
of place in a Small Debts Court
practice. She cited the decision of
the Supreme Court to prove that she
was not a "person," and theretore,
could not be committed under the
by-law. As the learned justice could
not well fly in the face of the decision rendered by the equally learned
Supreme Court, he bowed to the logic of her contention and discharged
her from custody. In this happy
and convincing manner is the soundness of, judicial wisdom most emphatically asserted in such a way as
to overwhelm the common plug with
reverential awe while in the presence
pf; a justice dispenser either wigless
or witless. And besides all this the
New Brunswick women can n»w legally get a jag on and bawl, scream,
and yell like er—-—well, like everything. This is a privilege not to be
sneezed at.
1 Great is the law, and the wisdom
of its makers. Greater still Is the
wisdom of its interpreters.
To what diHgusting dep'ths of
depravity tho so-called modern
news service has sunk, was beautifully Illustrated by a dispatch that
was given wide circulation under
prominent headlines on March 7th.
The gist of it was that some crazy
fool of a woman ln New Orleans
claimed to have fallen in with a party ot Socialists in Philadelphia who
had commissioned her to kill the
President of the United States with
the penalty of losing her own life
if she failed to execute the commission. No paper possessed of even
tho elementary principles of decency
would have given credence to such
crazy bftWble. Three presidents of
the Republic have been killed within
our memory, and in neither cats was
the assassin a Socialist, or oven-pus**:
sessed of uny idoos along that line.
It is by no means strange that the
advocates of this system that is
builded upon the torture and murder
of the working class, should he forever harassed by the fear of having
their own miserable lives snuffed out
by some violent menns. The Socialist being the only advocate of peace
on earth tna.v readily possess himself
with patience in -the presence of Ihe
ridiculous aberrations with which
the disciples of the present system
are so chronically afflicted.
It is said that Uncle Sam is get-
tin- himself in readiness lo throw a
few thousand blue-coated cut-throats
into China for the purposo of inducing the Chink to cense his unholy
discrimination against American
goods. This is quite logiral on the
good old chap's part. Having plundered his own working people nt
home out of a vast amount of products, he must needs dispose of tho
plunder oven at the mouths of cannon if necessary. Of course, if a
few thousand Chinese should lose
their lives in the process it would
not be murder, but merely the working out of "benevolent assimilation"
in strict accordance with our "manifest destiny." Sock it to 'em, Uncle. If the beggars won't buy willingly, give them such convincing arguments as may be necessary to
bring them to reason. Your own
slaves like to be plundered and tho
only way you can satisfy them in'tho
matter is to get rid of the plunder
as fast as you get it. out of their
fool-hides. It is the kind of prosperity they enjoy.
Professor Sumner, of Yale University, launches forth in an ignorsait
diatribe against Socialism, in a recent article in an Eastern publication. While the article is replete
with evidence showing him to be absolutely ignorant of thc subject,
some powerful argument is put forward to show why the present system should be preserved, in speaking of graft, he says, "In a short
time we shall vie with Turkey and
China as countries in which graft is
the social agency by which the making and administration of law are
carried on." As robbery of labor is
thc underlying motive of capitalist in-,
dustry, and robbery is only another
word for graft, it is by no means
strange that graft should become
"the social agency by which the
making and administration of law,"
relating to industry and property
should be carried on. Under such
circumstances nothing else could logically be expected. Even a professor ought to be able to understand
it, though they are such a notoriously stupid lot.
We notice a tendency to call thc
new party Socialists, a title which
carries with it in many minds summary and contemptuous condemnation. That is quite a mistake. Socialism has no chance in this country if the Labor movement be taken
in the right way, but in the opposite event Socialism- may easily become formidable—The London Times
Sure thing. If the Labor movement can be kept as a tail to ihe
kite of the old parties as in tho past*'
there will be no danger of Socialism. It is up to the Times, however, to show that it can be done.
labor, it is true, has been played
for a sucker by the political henchmen of capital in the past, but thc
signs are not wanting even in old
England to show that the end of thi»
sort of Tom-foolery is in sight. Socialism is rapidly becoming formidable to the thieves and thoir hangers-on In every capitalist country on
earth in spite of the fact of the
Times whistling to keep its courage
The modern machinery of production is the grettt organizer of labor.
It binds the workers together by
bonds they cannot break except at
the cost of their lives. When the
workers become revolutionary they
will assume control of the moans of
industry as the owners thereof, by
acting through the channels of the
some organization under which they
now operate them.
Prof. H. W. Wiloy, chief of tho
chemistry bureau of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, declares:
"that more thnn a million infants
have been sacrificed to the various
concoctions known as soothing syrups and pain killers, and owr twice
that number killed by impure milk."
Perhaps so, but just think of the
splendid addition to our -.'volume ol
trade" by the sale of these poisons
and nostrums, and the rich profits
accruing therefrom. Tnese narrow-
minded and- fault-finding professors
should lie compelled to keep their
grumblings to themselves lest they
ruin the country by bringing trade
and commerce Into disrepute. Life
would not be worth the living if we
couldn't sell    things to each   other.
Poison Included with the rest.
At the opening of the British Parliament on Feb. 19, tho King read
tho speech from the throne, which
was quite remarkable. That is, the
reading of it by -be King was io-
markable, not the speech ItSolf 'Ihe
ation of the King in this Ir-Mance
should go far to remove from n-rp-
ing minds the idea that royalty is
altogether useless.
A news agency dispatch from St.
PeteralNirg says that the revolutionists state thnt General Livorsky was
murdered in mistake for Generul Pr(>-'
sorovsky, chief of the gendarmerie.
The latter is notified thut the error
will bo rectified as soon us a favorable opportunity arises.— Machinists'
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Calls are coming in from various
parts of the Province for speakers
and organizers. The Provincial Executive desires to arrange for complying with these demands during
the coming summer months. If tho
necessary funds can be provided several tours can be urranged for Kpvhk-
ers whose services have already beeti
promised. It is confidently expected
that such tours, if prudently managed can Ik- mode to largely pay
their own expenses through sales of
literature, collections, and contributions along the route. It. is. how-
over, absolutely necessary that funds
be provided in advance to enable
the committee to outfit speakers so
that they may not bo compelled to
1-0 forth empty handed. Such fund
can ix; easily obtained if every person interested will do his little share
towards such end. It was decided
at the last meeting of the Committee to issue a call for contributions
to an "Organizing Fund" through
the columns of the Western Clarion,
BUch call to remain standing in its
columns. Acknowledgement of all
moneys received will fan mode
through the same medium, either b.v
publication of the donor's name, or
su' h nam de plume as he may rhoosp.i
Moneys contributed to tills fund
are to be used for thc purpose above
stated only. Contributions .should
be sent to
Room 3,  222 Prior St.
Vancouver,   B.C.
The following sums have been received:
PHONE  A1676
Turn Usage.
Employment   and   Financial Agents.
Real Estate   Exports and    Business
Room 9, Miller Block.
22 Cordova St, Vancouver, B.C.
J. Edward Bird.   "A. O. Brydon-.Tack
Geo. E. McCrossan.
Tol. 829. P.O. Box, 932.
32* Hastings St. . . Vancouver, B.C'
'Ihe Dominion Executive Committee
has decided to call for funds to be
used for the purpose of pushing forward thc work of organizing such
parts of the Dominion of Canada as
have not yet been reached. There is
a vast field to be covered which will
of necessity entail considerable expense. The necessary funds can, however, be obtained if Locals, individual comrades and friends will take
the matter up by gathering and forwarding such contributions as muy
be forthcoming. As soon as the requisite funds may be gathered it ls
the intention of the committee to
arrange trips, for one or more organizers, covering as large a section of
territory as possible. With energetic
action in the matter of raising funds
and judicious application of the; same;
by the committee a much needed
wrork mav be carried out that will
bear fruit in future election campaigns.
All money received for this fund,
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at its meeting on Feb. 27, appropriated from
the General Fund the sum of $25,
to be applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
hc acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
Dominion Organizing  Fund.
The following sums have been received to date:
Dominion Ex.  Com  $25.00
Loral Toronto        6.00
Forward all contributions to
J. G. MORGAN, Sec.
SSI Barnard St.
Vancouver,  B.C.
We, tho Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the International revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should justly belong. To
the owners of the means of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production: therefore all thc products of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; the worker
is slave.
Ho long as the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in ths means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of lalior.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swell ine- stream of
profits, and to tbe worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and
The interest of tbe working class
lies in the direction of setting Itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wage system. To
accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between tho capltsllst and the
worker Is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
uction.   Ihis Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to orgaal/e under tbe banner of
the So-ial ist 1-nrty of Canada with
the object of conquering tbe public
(towers for tho purpose of set Una up
and enforcing thc economic program
of the working class, as /ollows:
1. The transformation as rapid! v
as possible, of capitalist property In
the means of wealth production • natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc..) Into the collective property of tho working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers. ■
3. Tbe establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
Instead of production for profit.
Tbe Horiallft Party, when ln office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system ls abolished,
make the answer to this question Its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the interests of
the working clnss and aid the work-
era in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist
Party is for it; If lt will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledgee itmit to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in its hands in such a manner as to
promote the interests of the working class alone.
It is claimed of the n»,w _■
machines that Ave of them can i„
operated by one man, and the capa'
city of each 11 inch 1 no is SCjUS] to m
human blowers. Tho introduction 0(
these machines will turn loose h 1
of blowing talent that should be m
qualified for I.W.W. organUatlon „J
editorial  work. *^"
o    ■
The Provincial House will probaii.
ly prorogue this Week, and the soon.
try will be forced to go it slot*.
for the next succeeding sev,.rai
months.    It will be tough, though
Union  Directory
Woes They Meet: When They Men.
gjaw-Kt<-ry Labor Union In lh« prorlmr i> i„
viicd te pliu-r a card under thia head, tun, •„,
month.    HecrrUrita please sole
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. |
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 7..10 o'clock in Mineri'
hall. V. Ingram, presbfcat; w. a
Plckard, secretary.
Socialist Directory
ghT Every I meal ot the Social lat
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this bead. $1.00 per month.
Sm-retaries please note.
Executive Committee, Socialist
Party of Canada, meets 2nd and
4th Tuesday in each month. W. 11
Flowers. Secretary, R. 8., 33-
Prlor Street.
masts every 2nd and 4 th Tuesday
in tho Month. J. O. Morgan. Secretary, 531 Bernard Street, Vancouver, II.  C.
of Canada, flusiaesa meetings every Mocday evening at headquarters, lnglesi.lt Block, »i:i eatable
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall.
Cordova Street
D. P. MILLS. Secretary.
Box 880.  Van-ouver B.  C.
MICA I.  TOltOVro-Meet*   2nd    ar.d
•ith Tuesday*. SociaHsl  lt.-H'k,aai
(•ro,   IH,',-     Queen     St.,   West       K
Dale.   Bee.,   II   Henry  St       Jewhfe
branch  every   Sundav  night.    name
LOCAL WINNIPKO— Mm-(s firat and
third Sunday tn Marr_liei> 11AI|.
corner King and Pacific Vv.- , at
8.80    pm Secretary J,   CoXOD,
I     '-••-11  Princess St ,  \lituii|M*g.
WANTED: by Chicago wholes* •
house, special represent* tin • for
each province In Canada. Salary
$20,00 and expenses paid weakly.
Expense money advanced. Business successful, position permanent.
No Investment required. Pre-ioua
experience not essential to t-gag
ing. Address
General Manager,  132 I^ake St.
 Chicago, 111.,  U.S.A.
Thif le ic in   n„. a**,,    q ujda i«
I the n .mo-r upon your sridrsss slip.
I your subsriptioa expires with   this
I number.    If further copies are desired, renewal should be mad* at eace
If care is taken to renew before th*
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will greatly simplify matters in th s
office as well ss avoid any bra*- tat
receipt of papers.
mmtmmmmm'Wmnmm ■ mmmmnmnmmimmmtmna
hereby  apply  for  membership
in Local
 Socialist   Party  of
I recognise the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of the
rein* of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the canl-
tallst class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and tbe
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Address '.
Occupation v .
Admitted to Local...   ... 1*0..
 /. Chairman.
Tsi $MmI later ftaet m tmait
Always a fearlews exponent in the
cause of lsbor.
For one dollar thc paper will be
aent to any addreaa for one year.
Workingmen ofall countries will
aoon recngniae Uie fact that they
mubt Mipport and read their labor
laaurd every Friday.
Tto V*lct Nlllslii C*., Llaltts
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Published Weekly bf tha
Waiters rt-toratfei If Mlam
A Vigorous Advocate of Lobar'a
Clear-Cut aad Aggressive.
Per Ysar $1.00.      Sis Month*. 80a
Dsnvsr. Colorado.
re solicit the buataeea of Mans
Kngiueera and others who realise the ad*Wa»UI-
ity of having thrlr I*at*iit tnisiseaa transacted
by Raperts, Preliminaryn&vlee free. Charges
moderate. Oar Inventor's Adviser awlui—
requeat. Marlon A ttnrton, Mew Vork Life *l
Uoutrcal: and Vuahltirton, U.C, VX '
c . 0 ixvv
... _U_i_ id, ioob
THE WESTERN OLAtlON,    VlJtoOPVglt   torn** QQLPltBIA.
Provincial Legislature
,M,nUsu*d from Page One.)
. .Km whs well aware that
tl"*1 tiaoa hud great control over
eor^rmt,Sl.laUv* hSSm today, but
'"""«,.*,_ condition that must pre-
•l'«l  »•" "/J^-g  as  the  capitalists
*teTpm*m**qp of the majorities
•'•*'   ,:"h'..,W*s of legislature througli.
'"',,, world.    The position of rail
" [\  ?oll,pa..les bus  for  a  lotw  th»
''*•■     l-u»pr**snt«i to *■>•'
long   I Hue
I-*** ""Z^Mii told that the
,.r'auHin»"_ra'C«rUiB I*-**" -'■ rgff*«»
"";    "?,, Veat thing* ««r them.     I
" '   s. ■   absolutely   without  fear  of
'.ntradk-tlon    tb_t    if this province
, ,overod  with a  network of rail-
*!.« the  unrkiflKim-n  would  lie     no
;,,,-;iV;;,t_i,.,t  worse.     We have but
look at  lho*   coimtrle* eovared
(Ineat   Britain and  Pennsylvania
h |. network of railways, and  we
,-nd    concritlona   far    worse Uian in
'„,..„     Columbl*.       The   railway
lllW. been built; the rapltalisu have
..filed      but   the  workinginen    nre
,11   thun   l-fore.    Th*   worker
111   lloss
llUcs.   lt  was  .gainst   the  principles   „,.,  0, other  bomJHes   ]>ut  th        m
ot his party    to do so.     lie   would1     -    —    - -- v   mm
^H-sVWrk and will l».v the trade
a„d build the line, nn.l *rhm it     is
II he wtstwe to truvei from here
land     11 epresentod    In    this
,,„..«, bv    tluit  magiilfli-ent  rallwaj
'  lu„,n,     he     Will   Simply   have   «o
walk over  the U** »f  that  track  we
hem  s„ much l.rug about.
H,. hear a  treniendouH row at   the
*nt  lone aboiit  the ('.I'll,  whi.h
l,u, hoen    held up a* the    wry   em-
..-.l-in.-nt     of  rascality    and corruption   but   Sir,  it  strike* mt a g>"»-*
,H«I  ii.-|i.-nds on  whose   ox   Is   «or-
1 (uue heard,  for  instance,    the
men-bw  for   Delta   (Mr    Oliver,    get
„, hikI  ma--'  thla apartment   fairly
".vertieratis w,,b his outcries on  behalf  ol  another    corporation  known
the olalln.  and he once obtained
onsiit.-ruble    bonus  fur  that   < or-
porntiun.    ye<     those     who  do  not
l,-oW    Iiim    as    well as  1 and SOTOS
h,.r*i do   would think  to hear   bun
lanky that he was incorruptible nnd
foisdit lh**e corporations to atBOd*'
ll    every    day    in thc week.     Ile
would try'and make this  House   he-
ieve that he bud opjto*ud the   ileal
,u'h     the      Columbia     *-     Western
hroujrhout     hi*,  whole history.     He
tarn* to have forgotten that he wan
m  tbi«     Houso   when   ihis  WtU-tfloB
hut h<- flenounow wes going thnoiiKh
but lortunalelj   We have the recoidv
t.. prove,   am!  they   pl*M him  In    ii
\.i\  disastrous |sisiilon  Indeed.    Wc
Ond lhat in  1001,  whim the Bill   to
view!   the   time  for   the  survey     oi
these    lands    was brought Into   lb*
HouSB   thai   the  member   for     Delta
wa*  not   only   preawnt,   |*it   he   voted
fur  the extension of t*v* land grunt
tpplauas),  proving right up to   ihi*
hilt that he endorsed that land^t-anc
spite   ol tho loud   tones  In    wheh
In   danouacs*  it   today.    The mmubei
Lu-     U-lla     thought  there  were wm
snbsr*   in   the   House   anil  postiil.l)
tliat   httle Incident  ha*l  lieen forgotten,  Imt he forgot  the record* of the
II,,,if     lie   lulKs  about   the  lni«a.i:'-
■f tliyini"     these    grants to eorjOTg*
ion*       Ythy,  Sir,  m  the records   of
nni" .veurs agO, we find that help-id
i|>  l»oth    hands  for   a   bonus  of  th,-
UdO.OOO   to   Id-  hiiinl<il   over   to    re-run corporation* for the purpose oi
illdlng railways,    Yet  this >*   the
mu  vth-i Kvts up here und pones   a*
i,.-   opponent      of   hoodiiliK   C4H|MO-
luas,  when  the    only  three men   in
I..- liiiuse  who did op|M>Mi this i,un-
i-  errs  Smith  Curtis,   K..   C.  Hinith.
,,<d myself.      I   wimih-r    the  im-uiis'r
t"i  l->lta is not iis)i(tui.*il  t() rise   in
tha Mouse nnd .-.(teak  os h«- dtx-s nf-
ter lhal.     He  sup|>orti*d  thia   grunt
ol $:,.iHHi.(Kio    to hoodlin-r corpora*
'"*•'. but  when it  came  to a «|ti'*s-
tio* uf ;, grani of $♦>•» for ,, lanltor
li" i"*--  in  his  place  and   deniMuw.'d
it      lie could nol   xtun-il such boodl-
log ns Hint
Mr. Iluwihornthwnite continu.-il
'hut there wns a little rumor go*
Ing around the Province ut the prea-
eni Ume about another boodling cbr-
Itoration called the t'riiml Trunk
I'iKiftr. |f the t'.P.H. controlletl
this Hid.- ,,f the Hotim., and ha Cared
nol whether it did or not, the <J. T.
I' owned body nml soul the Lau-
rier administration and every sycophant and l»«».ler nt the buck of it
tn British Columbia. This muihc
t'ompany denounced the present Pro-
viwial tiov-erniiK'nt. b*0-U*0 they nl>-
proajhed It for « nice little wdixidv
"f mx million arri-s of land.
Mr. Murphy—They Kot  10,0tK>.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite sail thev
miKht have Koi IO.0OQ acres for »10-
000, Imt they' Wanted six million
acres for nothing and were turn.il
'town and Uw subsidy refused, ami
the O.T.P. waa going to leave no
stone bnturned till u succeeded in de-
„•**•■ Xa4> prw-ent administration.
II the gentleinen opposite got Into
imwer the (l.T.P. would Rvt that
six million and everything else In
s>-r!it. They had said that it was
nevesaary to import new blood into
the Legislature, nnd instructions
nave been pussed to Sir Wilfrid LftU-
flw, and he has [lasseil the word ou-)
"ere, and certain luemlaTs of the tip-
I'nsitlwn have lieen asked to resign
'"make room for men of great er
There were cries 0f "Names."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said it wan
stilted that tho member for Cowl-
'-hnn was going to resign, and Mr-
"n'Ph Smith was going |0 take his
Mr. Kvans rose lo a point of or-
"'''. He said there was not a word
*» truth in that statement - He hiul
t"> intention of resigning his seat.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said that tho
iinn. geulluman would not sav that
no was. going to run again. It woe
nlNo said, that-hi* old friend Smith
"■•Ub was, to be put forward to
■'dp   iniuao ^^^
necessary    mni|>lv
rf-JTF ma,,ur int0 tlw <>PPo-»itlon
mm of thn nousc, and he was sorrv
.?, T*J**m ,'"■(, •'"■"■* '<> thai rumor
1 v tnkrintr the platform and turning
ia. i  »-?    -"w'-wting    i-ot  as this.
\nd M»v-| Hawthnrnthwalte pointed
,, u.pr. . ' *,t-"''c« of Curtis lying
"his desk.)     Hr.   (Mr.    nawtltors.
n«aiU> rwognisw no friends in po-
Uirn down his own brother if neci«-
saTy, und a tnttn who took the stand
Smith Curtis had done would In the
future find no friend in him. "He
says," continued Mr. iiuwthomth-
waile, "that up to the present my
record has been a splendid one, and
that 1 shall be obliged to vote
iij-amst this land grunt Well, Smith
curiis does not own m\ conscience,
utid 1 shall do just us 1 hi.,. „,, tbis
or uny other matter. Thut gentleman is in the fill estate business at
present nnd it would no doubt be to
his material Interest to sag this land
grant given  back,"
'Ille member for Delta in dealing
with this question hod said that the
marafasrs opposite were advocates for
Uie CIMI, but not paid advocates,
und he would return tlie compliment
and say Unit uicinberH of the Opposition representative of the O. T. P.
were not paid advocates either, He
wanted, however, to 'h-al with the
Bill and sis- whether they were issuing a new '.nul grant to lhe C.P.K.
or were simply ciHillrtning un old
land grant issued as fur back as
18Ud. Thero was no ditliculty in
proving that it was not new, but
one thut hud b**n approval uguin
and in.i-.iin on the floor of lhat House
'lhe member for Hosslund had suid
that if tlie ('. P. IC. hiul couie here
und iiiiulc that deiunnd with clean
hitrnls tlu- position might have Ix-en
b-'tt'T. 'Ihnt might be or it nuglit
not be, Isil if the t'.P.H. came there
with dirty hands, ihpaa ot the O.T.
P. were dirtier still—they were befouled, they were bemudiled to mieh
un extent as wus never known before
in the history of this province. Take
Uu-   Kni.ii   Island  deal   for    i_stan<c.
The gentlemen opposite never dreamt
for u moment when they asked for
that investigation Unit, it would re-
coll on their own heads. They
thought they could drug the provincial goieriuin'iit into it and Is-fmil
tlie name of the Chief Couiuiissloiu-r
of lands and Works, by showing
thut hu bad received boodle from
this company; but it only resulted
in showing thut the hands of the il.
IP. were dirtier and fouler thnn the
hinds of any corporation that ever
tried to do business in this province,
".lust a moment," said Mr. ILaw-
t-iornthuaitf, pausing and looking
nt the Leader of the Opposition, "I
notice that the memlier for Boss-
land Is Kind ing very hard just now
1 suppose it is beCStt** he still .i~
•■'iiiies that I don't represent labor
in this House. tat math- that
iharg»> wiUi wonderful effrontery nnd
u'lduflt.v tlw other day. and intiiiin-
ted to the House that 1 represented
merely u handful of Socialists, that
I hud no weight whatever, and last
venr he stated that I was not even
endorsed by the Socialists tbt-iii-
s.'lves. 'lhat Statement is ddiber-
at«*ly  untnK»."
Mr. Mn'donnld—I rise to a |annt
of order. The honosahle g«*nih-inun
hns just made u statement that In
addition to l>eiiig unparliiunenlarv,
,s iftiile tintru.-, and 1 usk you, Mr.
Sputtkcr. to i nil upon bun tn retract that s'ntenK'iit I may SB)
that wh«'n I tiiudi' that stuu*metit he
refers to, he hud t«n wmtks |ir«'Vitius^
ly lK»'n lensunil nt a meeting of the
Socialists of \ Ictorta, and he now
lotmw here a yeur afterwards und
< hall, nges thnt statement, though ut
'he time. tWO W**h* nftiT it ocrur-
rt*d, he sat ipiite mute on the flour
of this House while I made that
Matement I call ii|Kin vou. Mr.
Kp*aker to co*ap*l him to withdraw
that Bxprt—don.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said he »u*>-
poesd  the hon   gentleman  took   offence at   the words  "d-'lils-rately untrue Well,   if it   would  soothe  his
wounded f'-elini**, nnv  he  would withdraw    the   word   "delilierately."    but
I   know   this,   thai   since   then    in    a
public iiii*etin_  the Soi'inlist.s of Victoria endorsed   me  to   the  hilt,    nnd
denounced     him     for   the   stntement.
The  other    ilay   le'  made  a    similar
stntement.     He  suid   the  Trades  Vn-
ion pap*T in Vinvotiver hail donrninc-
ocl  me ns the  worst  era*my of   labor
in   this  province,  but   yesterday  1 received  a  copy   of  the  Trades l'niou-
ist. the only paper of that  kin*! published in Vancouver,  and  1  find that
stntitncnt to In* untrue.    If the member for    Hosslnnd read  the Western
Clarion, he would  find how unfounded his stutenu-nts are; but I suppose
he  does  not   read  the  Western  Clnr-
ion,   or  if  he does  he  hnd  not   siitll-
cient mental brilliancy to understand
it.    (Laughter.)   I   feel  a  little     too
modest to rend what this paper (the
Trades liiionist) says of me, but  it
is in effect  that  I am all right, nnd
if I   ran in  Vuncouver, people might
be surprised     at   tho    vote I   would
g»-t.     In the snme issue they also refer tu the member for Kosslnnd, but
it  is only to H|K-nk of his   dignity—
that     wonderful dignity with   which
he  is    clothed  as  with  a garment—
thai  wrap* him round like a Ronuin
togSi  ntid thoy  tulk of that as  if it
wus the only  thing about htm worth
mentioning.    (Laughter).    1  can  say
thut  I am endorsed not only by   the
Socialists, but  by the Labor men of
Hritish  Columbia,     nnd    1 represent
the cause I an sent here to represent
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said that go-'
ing    back  to  1898,  they found  this
land grant  had  first  been given     to
the 0. A W. by n Uovernment   composed of lioth Conservatives and Liberals,      The    mcmlirr for Richmond,
(Mr. Cotton) said he had opposed it
but  there was no record thnt he had
done    so,    the    Bill     having    gone
through    s«H-ond    and  third rending
without     opposition.     Liberals   and;
Conservatives    alike had  voted    for
It, and it  wns good for the workers
to know    these facts.     If thc    contracts enlerod Into by these Gowni-
nients     Involved     the loss of     every
aero of land  in this province, it wns
the vory best   lesson  that could    lie
given to  the  wot-Mng |»xipln.   If instead of sending mon of their    own
class  they     sent   (\inservnlives   and
Liberals to rulo them here, lit served
them    right.       Thoy know that   the
Clovernmont     thnt      ff_ve    the land
grant contained such splendid Liberals     as    Dr.  R.   K.   McKeohnle and
Ralph  Smith,  who Is'today stumping Victoria for the Laurier Uovem-
ment.    Those   mon repealed a num-
not repeal this particular land"grant
that the Liln-rals In the H.,use were
raising such a hullabaloo ubout today. In the Speech from Uie Throne
in 1900, they found the Government
of the day willing t0 continue that
land grant to the C. _ W or give
to any other railway company that
would help t<, keep them In power,
They were defeated ami tlu.- iKins-
muir Government carne into power,
and iu l&O] a petition was present-
id by Sir. Thortias ShaugrniesKv and
OUWM asking that Uu- time for the
survey In* extendid. and the House
assented that It should continue, lf
it wus not meant t<( eontiriw beyond
1«0.'! what good was it, fpr up to
that year its claim held good anyhow.
Mr. O.iver said if the hon. gentleman knew the Bill he was talking
about, he would find that the exu-n-
sli»n did not apply to <hc land grant
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said it was
not necessary, the grant was till
lMOil and hc would not. allow the
hon. gentleman to contuse the issue
with injection* of that kind. The
piMnber for fCossland (Mr. Ma<-don-
uld) had wild that the company was
not entitled to the land grant because they had not completed the
road, though the Act of 1M»« it was
plainly slated that the road «B* to
le- built section by notion and the
luiid grant was to is- given accordingly. That was o,uite i-b-ar if the
mental 0l|UlpaM*--t of the hon. g<*n-
tleman could enable hirn to understand it. If his statement that the*,
WWC/B not entitlni to any land till
llu- whole road was built was true,
then the grant th»*y had previo-ut.lv
reoufved waS il!--ga! and th* nrx-rri-
ber for Rossland dare not r- -,.<- the
assertion on the f)<K>r of the Wr,.-*-
that the grant «a> illegal. If he
was so careless of his pirr/f»«iSiorial
r'«jnitution as tha', all that h*- coo'd
say was lhat h>- was sorry for him,
but   be rould  not help him  out.
Mr Kawthot—tbwaiU itii-r, revi*rw-
<*<l tho history of the tVO tsmij-tt,
block* in StAittvast Koo**fias mho h
tin.' C.P.R. had mtAftowt 'htrioh may
i>"r>' not out Mill to tt**a if »h*
t'overnment of that day had tairned
them down wh.-n the amyaamtam a as
made, the C.P.K, wO'ld havt. Mttle
cm use for coming to -hi» House to-
u i.\ arid asMng for this ..••_: grsn'.
but the (.overarnenl <4 th*- day -r.-
d.irm-d the C P U. claim a_d !*•*;.<!
two di-eds. Thev aftierwards f<;rs»-d
that these lar.ds wire more v_}'i_M-;
than thiy had sup*,*•-*<), and 'he
inejuber for CtttuMs I Mr Wafiel
who was th'-n Chic! CoonpiaOtaaer of
lands As. Works, had tTOtUtd down
to Montreal with these two d**ds in
his little cartiet bag, and tried lo
make a bstlor liorgain of it. He
found that he could not do that.
and took the position that Uie C.P.
It. had surveyed the wrong lands,
und  the  House refused to endorse the
deeds.    Than the C.P.R. had to   go
to    work    and    got now  lands,    and
hence another delay.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said that _«.<-
ni use of u little irr<>gularity there
wus no excuse for breaking tho con-
Tact entered into with the C. P. R.
in the first place. Tlie C.P.R. had
l»uilt the road awl delivered thc
goods, nnd WOT* entitled to the
..iiuls The House should not at this
stage try lo tuke advantuge of Rom..-
little legal technicality to defraud
the CPU. the U.T.P., or any cqr-
l>orotion of u bargain solemnly en-
tsred into- There was no getting
away from the fact that members of
the Opp«.isiiion side were standing in
this mutter for re*aidiation and
confiscation. Thoy acn_»-il the Soc-
laliiith of stumling for the policy und
whi*never « Sw ial ist speal-er went
down to I^ulner. Uw uiemlier for Uel-
tu shook in his shoes for fear they
were going to gobble up his big
farm, and yet he proposed to repudiate this inntract and confiscate the
lands. He hoped they ware proud of
iheinselves. lf they were not ashiun-
M of themselves, they certainly
should  Ix*.    (laughter.)
I notice the memlier for the Islands (Mr. Puterson) laughs. He is
unether repi*e.sentutive of labor in
this Hounc, who always oppose* the
interest of labor. He lautrhs now,
but if any body of workingmen
broke a contract entered into with
hi in would ho laugh then? The members of the Workingmen's organi74i-
tions believe thnt a contract is a
solemn thing, and once entered into
should not he broken, but lhe Western Federation had found so little
faith in the words of their employers
thnt they refused to enter into any
contract whatever. They had made
such an agroeiia'nt with thc representative of the l.aurier Government,
who came out here to look into the
mining question, and they broke the
iigixvment before the ink was dry
upon it. They had promised thai
lliey would not discharge a. man for
political reasons, and they hnd discharged  the     iueud-er for  Newcastle.
Mr. PateTSOn rose to n point of order. He said the member for Nanaimo hnd been allowed considerable
latitude, and he wished to ask him
n ifuestion. 1 ask him if he did not
ask thc members on this side of the
House to vote for nn amendment
drawn up by tho solicitor ot a mnn
hc had described as a  murderer?
Mr. HawthiM-nlhwaite olijwted to
the interrupt ion, but Mr. Pateraon
repeated his question.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite saw! hc did
|.not know Uiat he had ever alluded
to anyone as a murderer on the door
of that House. It was against the
rules of the House, and if he hiul dotiit
so, the tncrrtlA-r for Uie Is.anils would
have lieen tho first to call him to
order. He would say, however, that
he (lid not care who drew up a bill
if it was for the benefit of the working classes, ho would try to " 'ndueo
every mat-bar of the House, Inoltui-
inr Mr. Pnterson himself (though he
never does so) to vote for it. Iho
Lll*>rnls were now advocating repUdr
iut'ion and confiscation, and were going further than tho Socialists, who
hull never advocated confiscation under ctvititalism. We do not rtronbM
to confiscate any man's peopsrty
without compensation, and if tho
inmirbors on this side take the position thoy can never count upon us
to line up and vote for it.
Mr.    Hawthornthwaite     continued
that he was thiiroierstruck by the remarkable somersault turned by    the
member for  Itossland on  labor iqpues-
11oiis, a few days ago-     He had seen
a  man tak«-n  out of  the  gutter  and
in  the  space  of  a  minute  converted
into a follower of the Salvation Army, he had known men who had never spoken the truth in all  their Hves
converted in a few days into a habit
of     truthfulness,     but   he  had  never,
IMffler seen buch tt nsiiaikiaJble conversion as that of the memlier for Koss-
laii'i.    Prom  being a bitter  opponent
of  labor  ui«l   labor  measures  he  had
become in  a moment  one  of its followers and admirers.     He could not
-•xpluin it  unless il was that he look-*
wl across the floor of Uie Rouse and
Uie Treasury benches appeared to i>e
in sight.
"•A short time ago," said Mr. Hawthornthwaite,  "he alluded  to me   as
the   Premier     for   Nanaimo,   and    it
was pleusing to watch his lips as hc
pronounced  the  word 'premier.'  Why
sir,  he licked   it   as  if  it   was   positively sweet  to him.     1 saw hirn today  also  sitting for a time in    the
Premier's    chair,    and he fairly wallowed  in  it,  and     wriggled  round It
on  every   siile.   (l—wight-T'.      I    could
not  account  for his remarkable    actions, sir, unless it   was that hi; was
preparing   to   walk  across   the     floor
of   ti-  House  and  take  the  position
of     Premier.        He thought   the hour
hail arrivi-d for them  t0 taks possesion, and the O.T.P. and every other
boodling corporation  in   the  country
could  eoase  in  ami  take  what     thev
pleased,     Tbe Literals have   shown
that  they stand  for confiscation and
*■.-•«.fj.u-,on of    contracts, and   they
h«v<-  proved   to  the   Hoose   that   sa-
endassi of contract    is nothing   to
them,  ih>- UeetsM—t frovernor's t*al
is   ri'i'h.r.g   to  them,   only   give  thern
oft-.- and rive i'.  to them now."
Corrning    beck    to the q_estion   of
lOBd   grants,     Mr.   Hawthor-nthwaite
•*.„<!   'tare     mure  thtt-*-  who  beUevod
tha*    if    rntry    air<- of land in tne
eawtrj   wa* given  away   the   n«—rer
if   ...... i  bnng  the  workingman     to
that poM'.ion in whuh they oould
*-up i«/efiscat»on, the poeition in
-. hi I -r.e-. oild r<-<orm the so*.*ial
tv*sr«xi and t<ri_g b«pj*_ess to every
souk ia the land H* had in the
mm* voted agaiin-t bosiises, even
ajf—i—s'' 4 rfjosa Uir his own Town,
iirf ■*as «_d»iri_d by the people for
:oi_«r wo. but ea ass still hor^*t
•'■■no'jirh to beiiev^ that honest men
-.-mat k*e^. thmhx coe'racts no metier   what   Uvr-y   might   suffer.
"There ;s another question I want
to tou»h -prm. ' said Mr. Hawthorn-
Thwaitt-. •"The preae_t Legisla'_rc
has f«_sjjed much legislation of im-
portaaoa to laboring men. We have
j-h.—• ii an election deposit Hill reducing the dt*po>-it to $1(-U
lhe  S (leakier—I Ait  ol  order.       The
tect  tbe workingmen of the country   be was    sent to    prison.     Thla feci
against fraudulent employers. The
potation of such a Hill was a difficult one indeixl, because it was well
known tbat this House and Legislatures in general were in the possession of the business and coin—Ierciai
classes of the country and had pledgir
ed themselves to vote against anything that they might think antagonistic.to Uie interests of these commercial classes, lt hud been often
suid that it was easier to steal a
railroad than it was to steal a ham,
and there was a great deal of truth
in it, because if a man stole
a railroad he was often rewarded with a large grant of
land,    i,u'  if a   man stole   a    ham,
that the Legislatures of the land
were in t-he hands of the joromerr-lal
classes, wa* one of the minor disadvantages that tho workingaalea were
subject to.
It was true there was nothing to
prevent an employer from paying every two weeks if he wished to. bnt
they held the reins and took advantage of their position in the Industrial field. The result was-very humiliating to the workingmen.' A custom had risen in the country of paying workmen every month, and holding back the first two weeks' wages,
so that a man who went to work on
(Continued on Page Four.)
elections BUI has nothing to do wiU*|
this debate.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite IWtti all due
respect to you. Mr. Bpfea—'or, it has
iinnh u> do with tbe matter of
which I sp._k. That Bill is still
before the Hiruse, and if this BOI,
ithe CohO—bia _ Western! is defeated, that Bill would not become law.
The defeat of this Bill would mean
the defeat of the present government
and if this (Jovernment is defeaud,
my Bill for the safety of men w-ork-
lng in coal mines would not bouonie
law. Then there is another bill of
■•reat Importance that will be p**sntl
l believe during the present session,
the Master _ Servant Act. .and that
will nut become law if this Qovern-
nii_t is defeated. Tlie members un
this «de ithe Oppositioni kaRiw perfectly well that if thev can bring
about the defeat of the Govermm-nt
1>> the defeat of this measure, they
will receive pressure from every cor-
•loration in British Cuhrmbia to kill
these Bills. I notice Uie smile has
<ii.sa|>]ieared from their faces now,
nnd I am satisfied that even if 1
make a mistake in voting for this
measure, my mistake, for this reason, will tie endorsed hy every lalior unionist and Socialist in British
Columbia, and if for no other reason
thun this I propose to vote for the
Bill in question.   (Applause.)
At the conclusion of Mr. Hawthorn
thwaite's s*wech, "Question" waa
called, und the Bill carried on a voty
of 20 to 18. amid loud Government
applause. Mr. Hawthornthwaite and
Williams voted with the Government.
Tho House divided as follows:
Yeas. — Messrs. Williams Tatlow,
Hawthornthwaite, McBride. Cotton.
Clifford, Bowser, Fraser, lloss, A.
McDonald. Green, Fulton, Garden,
Taylor. Wright, Yoiuig, GiBord,
Macgowan,  Grant. Manson.—-20.
Nays.—Messrs. Drury, Klqg, Brown
McNiven, Jones, Evans, Tanner, Oliver, J. A. Maedonald, Henderson,
Munro, Paterson, Cameron, F.llison,
The Kaion Island Committee has
finished taking evidence, but has not
yet agrwd upon a report. The evidence brought out nothing to disprove statements alreadj made by
the Government, but it did show
that Lursen, Anderson and Bodwoll,
ami others went into the transaction at first hoping to make a largo
sum of money by actfjiring Uie lands
and failing in thfs, since the land
was under Governiik-t reserve, they
turned thoir attention to getting the
Grand Trunk Pacific to bring thoir
terminus there to enhance the value
of some scrip lands that Anderson
had obtained in the neighborhood.
It Is possible that there will lie
both a majority and minority report, and it is not expected tho
committee will lie able to agree.
We Have Removed from Victoria
—all our—
Fall   And   Winter
Stock. Must be Sold
Before Spring Goods
Cheapest Bargains ia tbe City
Give Ut a Trial.   Fit Guaranteed.
Charlie Dunn.
100 Hastings Street.      __*      _*      Vancouver, B. C.
-  Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them aad Tell Them Why.
From $35.00 l*p.
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
29   Johnson  St.,   Victoria.  B.C.
Delivered to any  part of th* city.
nrl—nr   to   call.      Toon*   849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
res __ eir-vtrax
71 GovrriMst Street, Vteltn., B. C.
Victoria General Agent for—
-fc-TT-- Tl__o
..      WORLD
Prompt and regular daily delivery
service to subscribers.
P.O. Box 444,  Victoria, B. a
CoPvmaHTS Ac
Ptunu i—ieo tbroul
tfteimX notice, wit bout ctai
*■*>«, In tk«
Sckwific Hmerkdit
. I-mtcit
. Ter—«,SSi
New York
acton. D.C.
A hemisotnfly IHestrated weekly. Larmt dr-
ealation of nny teleouoc leu—_. T—m, IS ■
year: four month*. IL Sold by ell i
lllUNN & Co.";"- "   ,
Branch OIBoe. 8* t BC WwB_staa. 1
$ Ns. I Csstrs St.
118 g CIGAR
5 yearly sub. cards (or $8.76.
Bundlos of 35 or mors *opie* to
one address, lor a parlod at threw
months or mure at the rat* of OM
cent per copy.
Patronize onr advertiiers.
Parkrer Wlllla-ms' Mill to Compel
Scml-Monthly pn.vniu*nt of Wauv-s.
Basses Second RenidinR alter an In-
ti'ivsting Debate.
Mr. Hawtliornthwaite on Thuradin
last resumed the debate on the sei-.
ond reading of the Mastwr and Servant Act. He said it had already
llivn pointed out thnt this was a Bill
to provide that in certain cases the
workiiiuiiHui should tie paid their
wages every two weeks, and that a
workingiiiiui should be entitled to
full payment on suiiimary dismissal.
Tl» >iery strongest point in its favor was that it was a Dill to    sip.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buylag a FOR HAT sss ta It Uat
the Genalas Usiea Lasel ia eewed Is It. II a retails
ha* looee labels in his possession aa* oasrs t* pst
one In a hat for you. do net patronise hl». Laoee
labels in retail stares ars eo-itertelu. The gaaalae
Oaloa Label Is perterete* oa tour edges, asactl* tht
taoe as a postage staasp. CouatsrfaHs ar* same.
times perforated aa three edge*, aad some tines only
*a two. Jeha B. Stetson Oa., at rhil adelphla to a
ssaualoa esaasra.
JOHN A, MOVFITT,  Preeldeat. Orsage. V. J.
MARTIN    LAWLOR.   Secretary,   11  W arert*    r-laio
Cascade Beer   sells all
Queen Beer      Over the
Ale and StOttt     Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
'. UM
* l»Wn
9At««b\Y )Urch 10
n   ■-
 1    I mui  ,-■ .^- ^ ^-i-figs-tgm-s ;'8,;ae-af»*^-i'^i^jMgiq-c«ja*ass8a     jm
Edited by R. P. PErrTIPrEOK. to whom aU correspondence for this department should be addressed.
Unfortunately lor the wor_iag-
cla&a the world over, quite a bunt'.:
o, South African "campaign rs'" re-
tu:-tc. from the "bat-vtt-deli-" '*•»
Vancouver. The other night thtjy
had a blow-out at which tho uniformed murderers and their jingo friend*
extolled the glory of their deeds,
while others regretted the lack of opportunity to commit similar atrocities. Elsewhere in this issue will be
found two daily press despau-hos,,
showing at least two results of their
glorious Veldt victories—hoodie for
army-men; Chinks for the S. A.
Com. Hawthornthwaite writes thai
he will put on a resolution soma
time this week, in the matter of free
■chool books and government printing thereof in this Province. So far
the government has taken no action,
and of course, it is not possible fog
a private maml^er of the House, to introduce a BUI dealing with such
Dr. W. J. Curry, Chilliwack,
writs*: Here's $2 towards Organisation Fund. Kindly hand to Comrade Flowers. Grand idea! Hawthornthwaite and Williams should be
kept in the field constantly. . . .
We are keeping things moving, but
our room* are too small. In a tow
weeks, however, we wilf have a reading room, open to all.
A letter received from J. M. McGregor, a land-surveyer, formerly of
Slocan City, but now of Ushigome,
Tokyo, (Japan), says, among othee
interesting things anent industrial
conditions in the Far East: "There
ar* about half a dozen English papers published in Japan—The Japan
Mail, The Japan Gazette, Daily Advertiser, Herald and Box of Curios,
In Yokahama; and the Chronicle and
Record in Kobe. The whole foreign staff on these numbers from two1
to four—-I think never more than
that. Printers, compositors, (hand
and machine), even proof-readers
sometimes are Japanese. Each paper baa a foreigner in charge of the
printing department — a practical
printer. You will see how very limited that leaves the demand for such
men. - . But, of course, you could
not compete with the Japanese in
their own offices; they get from 7 to
15 or 20 cents a day—in the foreign news offices possibly 40 or 50
cents. . . Japan is in for a hard
struggle financially for the next few
years- . . Things do not look promising to me, even from a capitalist
standpoint. Though capital will develop, slowly, perhaps, but surely,
throuK*h Korea and China, if not Ja*
pan itself. . . Japan seems less advanced toward Socialism than I had
thouf£it from America, and will only'
follow the lead of other countries-
after mature deliberation. At lea3t,
this is the present out-look." Comrade McGregor will be remi':iL_cr«l in
tbe Slocan as a worker in the Socialist movement before he left for
Japan in 1902.      >
Caustic    Comment    Upon   Farmers,
Proletarians and the British
ST. VINCENT, MINN., Feb. 19.—
Your insinuation that I was chloroformed is pretty nearly true. I am
under the hypnotic influence of a
thoroughly bourgeois, environment. I
can five no news because there is
none to give. This is a farmine
cominunity, and though the farmer,
like th* wago-w«r-*r parts com
with the bulk of his produce he does
not teem to respond to revolutions
propaganda anything like his fellow
slave in the city. He keeps grousing about'the high wages he has to
pay the floating proletariat that happen* around about harvest time and
vanishes God knows where the rest
of the year, if, indeed, God keeps
track of him at all. However, tbe
farmer might catch fire yet, if not
one of them let us hope another.
There are great doings in these
Th* capitalist press is giving considerable apace to Socialist items.
What that may portend 'tis hard to
guess. I am enclosing three news
item* I cut out of one page of the
Duluth Herald
As to your page, like all the others who have commented, I think it
admirable, and it will undoubtedly
help to keep the different parts of
the Dominion in proper touch with
each other.
What do I think of British Elections?
•Not much; and yet it is as much
as one could expect. What thin
revolutionists might accomplish the
thirty hybrid reformers will fail to
do. It is a comforting reflection
however, to know that the same economic conditions that prompted the
British workers t0 perform such a
heroic stunt will stay with them until they do different and better,
I see the strenuous J. Banmav
Macdonald, M.P., is in communication with A. W. Puttee to save the
empire from some damnable dan>'er
vet to be discoverer). As if the
blasted institution was worth savin* from anything. He very sener-
ously assures us that our fiscal policy won't be touched. How touching! I'll bet that nine out of ten
Canadian workmen didn't know that
there was such a thing around the
bouse. It ls also a good thine the
British workers didn't lose theirs
the last' election. However, they
would i hav* gotten along without
their    fiscal policy beat* me.    The*
have prospered  so  amaJ-incrly  on    it
Was the S. P. of Canada   invited
to  participate  in  this  empire-savin
'Twould be interesting to know.
No more at this Ume.
Regards to comrades.
Best    wishes    for    the success   of
"News and Views."
Yours for the Revolution,
Brussels, Feb.  20,   1906.
To the Citizen,
J. G. Morgan:
Dear Comrade,—We hereby ncknow-
lwlge receipt of your letter of January 28, last, enclosing the sum of
$10.00, or t wo hundred and six
francs, for the benefit of the Revolution in Russia.
We  thank your party  in  the  name
of our  comrades now  struggling   in
that country.     Fraternal salutation.
(This refers to tho    collections   at
Vancouver and Chilliwack.)
Fhoenix,  B.C., Feb. 24,  1906.
Editor Western Clarion—
At the regular meeting of Phoenix
Miners' Union, No. 8, the following
resolution was unanimously adopt til:
Resolved thnt Phoenix Miners' Union No. 8, pledges its moral support and sympathy to Bros. Mover.
Haywood and Pettifrbnc in this, their
hour of trouble, and be it further
Resolved- that we pledge our financial support to the Executive
Board, in establishing the innocence
of our imprisoned brothers, and
Resolved,   that  we have  this  resolution published in the Western Clarion, and tn the Miners'  Magazine.
Secretary, No- 8.
Sweden's    and    Norway's   Work   en
Set Pace for World's Workmen.
A Press dispatch from Stockholm,
says: The propaganda aguinst war
and warlordism continues and is becoming more international all the
Ume. Your correspondent learns
from a leading Socialist that the
Social Democracy of Sweden, Norway and Denmark is co-operating
with that of France, Germany, ita!
and Russia, to defeat, if necessary.
any attempt to make war in Europe.
■''The organization now beine perfected has this for its object," said
the Socialist deputy: "If the warlord of Italy or German'-, or the
war purty in France indulge in an*
move to bring upqn the people the
nameless horrors of war, the majority, that is, Socialists and work mew-ill simply say, 'No, no, we will not
shoulder arms; we refuse to die for
you and your interests. Our interests are at home, with our wives
and children. If you wunt to fi"ht.
by all means cut each other's
throats. Wc will be pleased witnesses of the duel, if you invite us, but
as to marching to your drum antl
fife,  no, thank you.'
"The king of Sweden had a taste
of our strength." continued the deputy. "Our Swedish aristocracy was
crazy to go to war when Norwav
dismissed Oscar, but Swedish and
Norwegian workmen said, 'We wont
fight," and wa*| was averted. The
Czar, also, was made to feel that
tho workmen have something to Hay
in the matter of war. You will remember the difficulties Nicholas had
sending troops to slaughter—thanks
to the work of Socialists, still imperfectly organized. In Germanv Socialism is especially strong among
army men, serving soldiers and discharged soldiers. The Kaiser rua
say war as often fts he likes, but the
Socialists can defeat his object, if
they want to. William knows it—
that's probably the reason whv h
refrains from going too far in his
international meddling excursions."
The Socialist showed your correspondent a letter from Paris, whirh
read as follows: "We French workmen have agreed with tho German
workmen that we will not break
each other's neck to please any kaiser, president or politician, and a
similar agreement with our friends
in Italy is under way." Ho also displayed an Italian leaflet headed -.
"The Union of Soldiers of the People." The leaflet. 500,000 of which
were distributed among this year's
recruits, on and about Feb. 1, by the
Rome anti-military central committee, warns soldiers-to-be, and discharged soldiers not tue their mil--
itary knowledge to the detriment of
the people. "Do not study murder
with the object of turning against
your own kind, atefclnst your fathers,
mothers and sisters, as the German
Emperor once beautifully put it,"
says the leaflet. It further sets forth
that "for the present" no chancre
can be made, and that men must go
under arms, according to law. But
thc knowledge gained must never be
employed "except imthe cause of liberty and to bettor the conditions of
the working people."
A 'club woman,   responding  to  the
t<_w<,    "The    Tdeal    Man,"    said-
Man is a paragon of animals.    On
"Erln-go-Bragh" was stamped
a cap put chased by a put riot ic member of the Clonmel (Tipperan<h Industrial Association. He was surprised on examining the cap to find
that it had been made in Japan.
 o —
Three Germans were sitting at
luncheon recently, and wore overheard discussing the second marriage
of a mutual friend, when one of
them remarked:—"I tell you what.
A man what marries de second Ume
don't deserve to have lost his first
According to reports received b.v
the ins|iector of factories, there were
633 accidents in the manufacturing
establishments of Ontario during ths
pnst year. Forty of these were fa
tal. Just how many of the 40 killed were capitalists is not stated.
""*""'      -o	
Now thnt the Provincial Ix-gisla-
ture is about to clops its praaant
session, Mr. "put the lights out"
Bowser, mny he exported to rr'.urn
to Vancouver nnd demonstrate to
the workingmen how it is p*6**i_-*& to
live and keep a family on |3"i |irr
month. A complete elucidation of
such possibility will undoubtedly insure the festive Bowser's return to
the House for another term, at tho
next election.
The outrageous arrest and persecution of Mover. Haywood and others,
points dearly the line of action that
must be followed by the workers if
they are to attain their fn-tilam
from the tyranny of capitalist, freebooters. They must strip tho ruling
class of its control of government,
tho sole means whereby it can maintain its economic dominion over labor and carry out its brutal nnd
race-destroying scheme of outrage
and murder. On to the ronrniost of
the public powers, ye sons of toil,
not for the purpose of repression. on-«
•-lavement and murder, hut for the
purpose of establishing freedom and
industrial  peace.
(Continued from Page Three)
his own ground he surpasses the lion
in magnanimity, the fox in acumen,
the parrot in repartee, the monV«-v
in versatility, the ant in thrift, the
fish in self-control, the spider in all
Uiat goes to make up a valued menu
ber of society.    I daresay that if all j durable, and'would result in race ex
thc facts were known, man is mor*' termination,
of an absolute success than a mui*.     If freedom of contract wa* carried
the first of January would not receive any pay till the middle of February. The consecfuence was he hull
to run bills at the store and get
into debt.
Another trouble was thnt in British Columbia tt great nt_—ttsr of business failures took place, and work-
ingmen, to whom a* month or six
weeks' wages was due suffered BSr-
iously. This was not of course confined to British Columbia, but went
on throughout the whole business
world, and according to Bradstrcet's
report, 92 per cent, of business men
who went into business with a capital of less than $10,000, failed. He
knew one rase in British Columbia,
where a man had failed who owed
$40,000 in wages, and his working-
men were defrauded of that large
amount, and hc could tfuote many
other instances. It was oil very wel
to talk about freedom of contract,
but the fact was that under existing
conditions the workingmen were rom-
pell<_ to take work where they could1
find it, and when a'disaster occurred
of the kind he had mentioned they
simply had to leave and 'do elsewhere
The third member for Vancouver,
(Mr. Bowser) took exception to the
Bill because it interfered with the
Garnishee Act, but if this Bill wus
passed there would be no need for
such an Act, as it would be the beginning of a system of short payments. The present system also Involved many minor disadvantages in
which workingmen found themselves.
Especially was this the case in coal
mines where men were paid every
month. Men working in coal seams
were paid according to the tonnage
they got out and the quality 0f the
seam they worked In. A man might
be working for two or three weeks
in a bad seam of dirty coal and tho
fourth week he might strlkm a -.am
ol good coal and the foreman coming along would calculate his wages
from that, and he would suffer a
great injustice. Of course, tho reverse might apply and a man after
workin. for three weeks in a good
seam might be working the fourth
in a bad seam; but thc foremen were
woll posted ln these matters, and
knew when to como along and where
t0 strike the men. This was one of
the many evils tbat resulted to the
workingmen from the system of long
lhe Attorney-General had taken
great exception to the Bill on the
ground that it destroyed freedom of
contract. So far as that went it
was a more or less senseless bugbear. As a matter of fact thore
never had boon any freedom of contract in British history except for a
brief period of 150 years. It was
true that it existed at present and
was maintained by tho commercial
class In their own contracts, but so
far as the workingmen went it never had existed. But, since 1870, m.
great deal of legislation hatl boon Introduced into the British Houso of
Commons that did Interfere with'
freedom of contract more or Iosh,
and hc mentioned thc Factory Act,
to prevent people from worMnig their'
employees too long hours; and, indeed if absolute freedom of contract
wore carried out it would lead lo a
condition In the lives of tho working
people that    would   be simply unen-
out It would mean that children 9
and 9 and 10 years of -P*•***J*
employed for periods of 10, 1- and
16 hours a day in sweatshops and
factories, it would mean that women
would be employed in underground
mines to work hnlf naked and half
starved for 12 or 14 hours a da>
and It would mean the -J**-0^1"?
and examination of th* Bntiah
race. .
Thero were some other minor o_-
jecUons, namely, that it would make-
it much more expensive to employers
in accounting and book-keeping if
they had to pay wages once in even
two weeks. He could not see that
there would be nny n*ca**lty for
that, as it was generally easier to
keep short accounts than long ones.
In the old country wuges were paid
every week, and it entailed no hardship, and he did not see why it
should not be done in this country.
There were cases already, whero men
were paid every week or every few
days, and there was no great rouson
why it should not become n ireiwral
custom to pay every week.
The mover of the Bill had made a
moderate s|»*ch in introducing It,
und he was satisfied that if any reasonable amendment* were proi*o«ed
thut would not destroy the principle
of the Bill, but would tend to make
jt more workable, he would bo ready to accept thorn. He hn|»- the
members would put aside prejudice
and allow th.- Bill to imss MCOttd
rending, and it could b* more fully
amended afterwards if it was desired
Hon. Carter-Cotton said ho was in
fa,\or of the workingmen getting
their wages ns promptly as possible, but there wore many caws *UC-
as   lodging     camps    aod    railways,
where Uie praaant Bill would not ui--
ply. However, bu behoved in thu
principle and would support the second reading.
Mr. Manson, (Alberni) moved the
adjournment of tho debute, but Mr.
Williams objected. Ho said Uie session was drawing to n close and he
did not want to si* th* Bt0*MM
d_Hpd off as it hud been lust ><-<ir.
The objection  wus sustained  and the
debate continued,
Mr. Mardonald said it wus a Wil
that he and many of his followers
could heartily endorse. It might
need some amendment, but the principle was a good one.
Mr. Tanner said thut from a farmer's standpoint tho Bill would not
work, as they usually |>aid their
mnn after thoy got returns for their
crops.   Thoy could not pay monthly.
Mr. Peterson opposed the Bill. As
a railway contractor he knew that
such system could never in- tarried
out on railways. It would also interfere wilh freedom of contract and
prevent, capital, from coining into thc
country. He considers! that thn
woi-kingtuon of British Columbia had
nothing to complain about anyhow,
as they were as well off as in any
part of  the  world.     If 02  tier cent.
of the   employer* failed, thoy wmta
the sufferers and not tlie working-
Hon. Mr. Tatlow said he would
stand by his prehislorie ideas und
OpfKMM legislation of this kind, u-i he
thought it would have lt tendency to
luiiit employment and so injure Uie
Cameron nnd MeN'iwn both MP*
ported the Bill, In-Moving that lt
would tend to do away with the ttO"
dlt system or at least to mitigate
it considerably.
The Bill passed second reading on
th f following division:
Yeas,— Messrs. Brown, Jones. Mc-
Xiven, Evans, Davidson, Oliver, J,
A. Maedonald, Cameron, Hawthornthwaite, Willinms, McBride, Cotton.
Wramt, Boss. Taylor, Wright. Voting
Gilford, Manson—19.
Nays,—Messrs. Drury, Tanner, Peterson, Wells, Hall. Tatlow. Ellison,
Clifford, Bowser, A. McDonald, Fulton. Macgowan. Oraijt.—18.
Rill  to  Extend  Same Ruled Out   of
Order and  Withdrawn.
On Thursday last Mr. Hawthornthwaite moved the second readinc of
an Act to Amend the Vancouver Island Settlers' Rights Act. He explained tbat muny of the settlors
had failed to take advantage of the
privileges within the time limit given them by thc original Act. The
reason for their delay was chiefly a
political one. Before the last Dominion election, Mr. Ralph Smith
had toured the island and told the
people that the Vancouver Island
Settlers' Rights Act was a fraud,
and they could not obtain their patents under it, but tho Bill had since
been ripnel-tl in/the courts in a most
emphatic and clear manner. The
purpose of the present Act was to
give settlers till 1007 to make their
improvements and obtain their land
us nifuired by the original Act so
that they would not lose their r/j-ht-i
on account of Mr. Smith's platform
Tba Premier ohjocted that the4 Bill
dealt with Ihe |*tji,ic lands and revenues of the province and that it
was out of order for a private memlier to introduce it.
Mr. Speaker Pooley — The Bill
sought to be amended wns introduced by Message on 29th of January,
Section 3 of tho said Bill gave certain persons Ihe right, within one
year from the 10th of February,
1904, to a grant of Crown lands under (certain conditions.
The said Rill further declared that
the rights of such persons shall be
asserted and defended at the,expense
of thc Crown.
'Iho time within which the said
jiersons could apply for a Crown
grant has now expired.
Thn Bill now objected to proposes
to extend thn time within which
these Crown grants can be obtained
and defended at the expense of the
Crowwn, which will lead to a heavy
expenditure of public money.     (it
The Bill Is out of order, and I
must so rule.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said he would
bow to Uie Speaker's decision and
withdraw Uie Bill, and try to approach the n/uestlon ln some other
wav later on.
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We have two cases (lOO pounds) of
vier Type, Stpoint, almost new, coat Jjl
cla a pound a year agot will sell at
25cts a lb.   Following is a sample of the Types
Hartford, Conn., Jan. to.—A certificate
of incorporation of the Oaxac* & Pacific
Railway Company of Hartford, has been
filed with the secretary of state. The
authorized capital stock of the company
is $40,000 ooo. These figures exceed
those of sny other company which has
filed such a certiticstc with the secretary
Western Clarion,
Box 836. VANCOUVER, B.
We also carry a full line of Furniture, on easy payments, at prices
that cannot lie duplicated. Kindly
inspect our stock.
Cor Wui_iMi.tr kit ui Karris Strut
Practical Im!
**-SkM Saktr
ll.ud.Mailr Ii.m.u aud hhura lo vfitrr lu
all •tyl<?«    !-",.«.nun promptly ind nrtt-
ly done.     Muck   of »l*-.>lr   mdjrmtd*
Short »l-»yi on hand.
MM Vnt-iwtir Am
Telephone 2-91.
Sanitary Experts. Plumbing In all
its branches. Estimates furnished.
Itopalr*-, stove connections, etc.
Ml VCSTMMTCR AVE.. Camtsi fm*.
is Our
without     reservation    of   uv 4,
The choice ot -undrwin uf m~*'•
l«*rbly  tailored and tamltlaaay
toned $15 to 1-0 Suit. fur
and  complit*. lines In ulrno
style — garmer.U   that   *«
to sell    at alin-mt   twice
prices now  asked for •i.-m ant  h
In a prof union of BtyUs end fabric*.!
Never    before   was    our rhua,   S-j
K*iv« most for your ohw),' mtksr-l
lv demonstrated.
fm H Stoat, tmtaar tan
KILR0Y, MORGAN 00, Ltd.|
SinKlc copies, S cents; I
copied. 25 cents: IS copies, 60
cents; 40 copies, 11.00; 100
copies and over, Z cents p«r
Th.'Kc rate* Include pontage
to any part of Canada or Ihe
United Kingdom.
; "The Western Clarion" j
j »»»M»»«M»MMMMHMH|
Second Hand Dealer
Cook Stoves and Tooli t
We buy and wil all kind* of
scrap metal, old mv htiu-ry.
rubber, sacks, bottles, etc.
Htores-13_ Cordova St.. E..
hardware * Junk. 101 l-owrll
Ht., new and SKond-hsnd furniture.
1171      VaacM-ftf. 1.1. ,'
Let the Clarion print your
printing.   Tel. 824.   Box 836. |
Some who started early are now selling ten
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
S a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and wholesale
0 prices.   The book is now ready for delivery.
• BOX .064 NEW YORK.
l>o you do your own Coo-lng? W0tild you Mice to have morn
time to  devote to your housework,  fancywork, children, or h-SbandV
An u|Ko-date Gas Itanjfl-e (or even our Oas Hot Plates) will help
you out beyond your expectations. Where you formerly spent an
hour Kkitting a meal ready, you will And that you can aocotnp .<*>>
he Hnrne in Iff to 20 minutes with a Gas Range, and obtain i»'t
■er results.
Call and examine our stock.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
iiiwumeiiiniJiJiii umi snlft _£ deslg-nated and surveyed in
lhe mnmier proscribed Ivy srt-1 "i*Vob-
shly Ail" within om year trom   tho 


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