BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Clarion Jan 5, 1907

Item Metadata


JSON: wclarion-1.0318628.json
JSON-LD: wclarion-1.0318628-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): wclarion-1.0318628-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: wclarion-1.0318628-rdf.json
Turtle: wclarion-1.0318628-turtle.txt
N-Triples: wclarion-1.0318628-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: wclarion-1.0318628-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

i      ——— %.
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
rata ••
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, January   5, 1907
While the Asiatic Comes to America Merely as a Wage-Slave
Heis Welcome by the Trading Class, But When He
Becomes an Expert Business Shark it is Different
BlDM the School Board of Han Fren-
etKO under the law of California, has
taken the position of denying tiie Jap-
,„,« the courtesy et mingling wllh
the Caucasian race In the public
Kboola, and since President Roosevelt
hns seen fit to reiirlmand the action
of San Francisco's school board, then-
h„v.- heon many p«ople of promlm-m<•
who have given eipreselon to their
opinions _■ to what may follow, ere
the controversy, which Is assuming International proportions, can be settled.
Thr people of Japan, being flushed
with victories achieved In tbe war
with Kuseta, are not disposed le stif-
fer any slight or Insult In alienee. Ja-
i»u m becoming conscious of her power aa a nation, and t» bred with an
iintiltlon to be iH-cognlsod as a Hercules on land and sea. The taste Of
Mood In the struggle wllh the Russian
Bear, has Whetted Ihe appetite of lhe
br„**n man, snd even now, he le
ynarnln* for other worlds to conquer,
jsjan la In the bloom and blush of
young manhood, and as a rising nation In tba world's arena, longs to
reach the summit of power and glory
snd leave "foot prints on the sands
of lime."
not been forgotten, and thc ■mailer
business men of the Pacific Coast are
now arrayed In a solid phalanx against
the brown man, knowing that his ad
mission to this country means the
premature death of the merchant with
limited capital. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Klnee President Roosevelt censured prctne Court of New Tork has recent-
the school board of San Francisco j ly decide- as unconstitutional a law
and expressed a desire that tho Jap- I regulating the work of women because
an«*se should be clothed with the sov- j It forbid* their working In factories at
inlo Free Trade Britain where the unemployed are so numerous it Is altogether likely the great majority of tba
working class would bc unable to raise
the wage to meet the Increased cost of
living, and the standard of living
would fall for them, being maintained
only among the "aristrocrats of labor," the highly skilled craftsmen more
or less closely orgatnised. Thus might
Protection affect the working class adversely in a country which bas for ao
long been enjoying eh*e blessings of
Free Trade.
As |s well known to every socialist
th.- courts of other countries are juat
as ready to aid and abet the capitalist*- In evading laws placed on tbe sta-
tuti- books to stlsfy that patient mule,
the worker aa are the courts of Canada.   The Appellate Division of the 8u-
days of hia valuable time in discovering everything to be white and pure?
And of such are the "great statesmen"
of the capitalist world,
e  *  •
In an interview at Victoria one Alex.
CaMer, of Winnipeg, is reported to
have said that the terrible dearth of
labor has been felt all over the country. Mr. Calder Is the employment
agent for the C. P. H. He says It Is
not good wages or good living conditions or any other Und of inducement tbat will solve the problem.
These have been tried ln vain (the
gentleman ts careful to avoid particulars of these rash acts on the part of
tbat generous corporation, the C. P.
R.) and   will be tried In   vain until
whereby the   country will be flooded j cheap labor to be utilised In the build
by men.    Why certainly!   It   is aHo-|,n_ p| ^ Qnad Tni_k -^^ ^
on the mm Sft
Without Knowledge of Cepitafist Production and no Revolutionary Aim as its Pole Star a L_*or l-jj^
Merely a Helpless Hut on the Political Ocean.
erelgnty of American cltlsenshlp,
there has been a wall from the patriot,
who not " owning a foot of soil beneath the canopy of Columbia's sky
sings: "My Country 'Tl« of Thee."
If the Jap is worthy of admission to
this country, then he Is worthy of being equipped with a allot. If he Is
not to l»- trusted with the right of the
triacUTg franchise, then upon what
grounds Is he entitled to admission
and a residence In this country?
It cannot be denied that In the
states and territories) of thc West,
thet. Is an aversion to the Mongolian. The laboring man Is against htm.
because he fears that the "Coolie"
will  bid for his job.
The tmalter business man is against
hi in
night. This, forsooth, because lt Interferes with the constitutional guar-
ante* of individual liberty. Very
careful are the courts of the TJ. 8. A.
of the phantom dubbed "Individual
liberty." The liberty of women to ruin
their health and Injuring their progeny and thus injuring society must
lie conserved so that capitalists may
have cheap labor to run their protlt-
grlndlng machinery at nights be tbe
COBt to the victims what it may. "Individual liberty" In ninety-nine cases
out of a hundred would Induce both
men and women to eschew night work
but the lash of hunger leaves them
no liberty save tbe liberty to starve.
Very useful are the courts to tbe capitalists who create  them and this Is
The  last  Issue of    the    Winnipeg
Voice contains an account of an ale-
is    w.« .-. -..—  ...    .    .a**-**"'    ecneme    that Is  calculated  to
arrangement    is    accomplished I bring to Canada a plentiful supply of
&___*__„     ""_ __   !_:"* "-*cau,,t* 0* tears him as a rtval.l-ulu, Ttghl   and    proper.    When   the
of the free snd theiHlnce the  discussion  of tWr^quesUon j WOrh*n have sense enough to create
*** the courts and    legislatures they will
get Justice and not before.
Roosevelt, the strenuous, some time
in this land    »■ »«- ..-. _.- —._
home of the brave." where ihe An-.-rt-   has become acute, It has been noticed
can Cicero tells us that a standing In-  that tbe representatives of the South
vita Hon   Is   extended   to   th*   race*  of and   West   In
the world     to come here     and build  drfrVn together,
me- on  the soil of a  Republic, we  sume   that
Congress.     have been
and It Is safe to as-
thesc   representatives  will
r s  Repumic, wfininw   *.■••»■.   »••-—-   • --       _, I since, paid a visit to the Panama Can
find an antagonism to the  Asiatic in j consolidate their_ strength J£ " effort jal sone and Inspected the same.
the to close the doors on the Pacific.
the breast of that great mass of   tbeilo close the doors on mc rasuw, ,'*'  """           *      . ,       .        .
r-^.pl* wbo are hsunted by the fear of     The  representatives from  thc South  _*** wag JU8t th"* day8 --*» -*-*-*•-■ »nd
,.!!.-ness and want. i will  join  hands  with   the   represents. \ne wa* able '" lha- aho" Ume _» 1?n<J
Thla antipathy has been aroused by j lives from the West, in putting up the i everything as  t should be and.he haa
that   with   this  coun-5 bars  against   lhe  Japanese,  providing;"0 hesitation 'n sarin*" so-   The sus-
the sdmls-  the western representative will pledge P*c*°-*-* ot e***-t    **u mismanagement
^^™ -     - —- ._ _*__ 1 may now bc laid to rest for haa not
'   three  whole
the knowledge.
try opening her
try  opening  her    gales  to  me  sunn-.- , ,,.-   „■■....■
sioti of tbe people of Asia,  the staa-ihls support to tbe South In dominating I mAy now D*-  """ **• "-*
daril      of  living   would      be  reduc'il. ] the black man and holding him tn po-   -h*   *»T**'**t   Teddy    spent
••————I ii.i..-1   *,,i,i.in,,n j ^^——^^=as__ao_b_s_^_s
gether too bad  tbat  the vast waxes,
palatial boarding   cars and epicurean
grub should he hogged by a few, let
us by   all means   flood   the country
with  men  who can    appreciate  these
good  things.    Possibly    the  C.  P.   R.
might be enabled   under these conditions to save a trifle In the coat   per
man but on second thought that generous corporation would scorn to take
advantage of the flood.
•  •  •
Says Mr. Calder "Even   If the railroad companies held out a handful of
money and   asked for   labor at any
price they   would   not get It for the
simple reason that there are no men to
respond to their demand*."   All this is
very aad.   The Canadian   worker has
become so purse proud In these piping
times of    prosperity    that he    would
look  with    scorn    on   a    handful   of
money   and    Indignantly refuse "any
price"  for the privilege  of adding to
the wealth of "our" country.   Tet me-
thlnks there were rumors of the Salvation Army begging on the streets of
Vancouver for money to give a number ot these well-fed. highly-paid individuals a good dinner on Christmas
Day, and not In Vancouver only but in
Winnipeg    also    and    many   another
place.     Unlike  the generous railway
companies   the   Salvation    Army believes  tbat   one good    dinner  in  the
year   Is  sufficient.    It    is   a   strange
through   competition
in the tabor market
thrown   down,   the   hord
swarm   to  us,
apfiaront  that j
woulil   enable
growing   fiercer j litical  subjection
With    th,- bars j    It   Is  now   becoming
that   wouldjth»»  statesmen  of America  have made,
 __  ,__,   .       _ the  em- a serious mistake In acquiring the Is-i
!•:•■> er upon American soil to acquire | lands of the Pacini-. When the sum of ■
rheoper labor, thus reducing the cost j$:u.«*»,o*o waa paid to Spain for these-
of production, yet. bis presumes would | pigmy Isles that deck the Pacific, our
I rii, tl.-ally destroy the home market ; statesmen made an unfortunate In-
Air-iln, lf Ihe doors of this nation are; vestment. Tho denial of the Jap to
losed to the Japanese, thin  American  admission  wllh  \»hlt<   children  in  our! maaamm^m^^^m^^^m^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^-^^—
- -'public r-mptas ot   education m       The Wr^ched Peasai-rtry of War-Swept and famine-Stricken
Francisco, can now be used as a pre-1 . * ■ ■ **"
Russia to be Inveigled  Into the Meshes of Canadian
capital, seeking the cheaper labor
market, will ptnnt its mills and far-
lories In Japan, and —flaatof to make
America a marT-ci for Its products.
Hut tbe market tn America win be
■ti-stroyed proportionately, as the operation of mills and factories In Ja-
t«n throw out of employment the laboring people of this country.
There may be a vast  percentage of
the people of this country, who enter-1on**-* r.- »..~ .
tain  tbe opinion     that  the  American j the  Stars and  Stripes  at   Manila.    If
'upliallst,  loving     this  country, upon'*, w**-* between the United States ond
- - i   i iJnnan   Is   d«*«med    profitable   by    the
Capitalists by a Representative of Christ
text by Japan to sound the bugle call.
summoning her millions to gird on the
armor for battle. Japan ywirns for
these islands thai America obtained
by conquest.
Japan, with her powerful navy, can
seise these Islands, and the "Ocean of]in over tie
I-!!-,""  Tm** red,<lencd„ wHh "J1™" the British worker. In electing a num-
blood ere this country can again float
.   •.—1._     i*lber of members ot the House of Commons something like a year ago.  The
loud  talk   has been Indulged
splendid   victory won by
whose boaom his cradle wns rockid.
would heslUti- to take advantage or
itwaper labor In Jspnn. snd by transferring his capital, shatter the commercial supremacy «f his native Kind.
The fact that the money princes of
this country do not hesitate Mr » moment tn ateallng millions of acres
from tbe public domain. Is evidence
that "love of country" I*, an •"***'• »•*
will find no plac_ in tho vaultn ox
financial potentates
Capitalism la tbe same all over the
world,  with  no conscience  or soul.
I'apltallam loves no country a"--1 •*"'"
vires no flag.
Organlaed labor throughout the i titled States and Canada. Is becoming
more or less alarmed al thc Invasion
which throat ens us from the orient
Central bodies are now taking uptbt
question and drafting petitions, which
sre being forwarded to Washington,
asking that such legislation shall tw
enacted as will eselude the brown man
snd even business men, have joined
In the protest against the Japanese,
The business man of the Ps**!"*'
('oast Is not actuated by *«>' arT'*-'"'-1-
for organised labor, but he has learned a lesson In the school ot esporlenoe
thst he haa not forgotten. More than
a quarter of a century **o- wh***' " ,
nts Kearney of ths "Send l«"J» °i
Ban Framdaoo raised his voice in denunciation of the Mongolian llvlmc on
American soil, tho business matt o*
Han Francisco Jeered him as a blatn«r-
•klte and branded him as a wlld-tlyoti
fanatic, who waa eraaed by race hatred,
Aa long aa tha pig-tailed *'•"•<'>"ft"
remained tn the labor market, bidding
for wages, the business man welcomed
him and proferrod the services of tno
rice-eater,     because   his     labor  was
cheaper than that of tho     American
wage alave.    But. when  the  orango-
hucd "Coolie" from    the Orient tres-
imseed on the commercial  reservation
there wag a howl from our buslness-i
men, and  the laboring  element  was
then told that the  retail commerela
interests  were ripe  for  a movement
that would have for Its object the ex-
elusion  and     extermination  of     u»l
Chinese from thla country.   But, t"ne
-xuslneaa man waa too late.   The Chinese had taken root In American sou
JH.'Mill      in     w , ,| .
financial   monarchs of  the  world,  the-
and  the brawn
Labor  I'arty"   has  been  tbe  subject
of much bombastic utterance and most
war drums will  beat.
und  muscle  ot both  nations,  through
appeals  to   patriotism,   will   spring   to,.	
believing thai national honor is passed away since Its advent upon the
while   capitalism   will   reap ... .
    | stage of events, a year that not only
wonderful predictions as to Its future
greatness have been made. A year has
at stake, ,-^_^^^^^^^
the spoils of the wholesale slaughter.
It has been truly said that "patriot-
Ism Is,the last refuge of a scoundrel"
and scoundrels wearing thc mask of
put riot Ism, will fire the brain and
nerve the arm of deluded patriots of
both nations, to grapple with each
other In the death struggle, to make
more   formidable   the       ■
appears barren of results but unmarked by even an attempt to accomplish
anything. More than one person has
expressed doubts as to the possibility
of these "Laborltes" accomplishing
___, . anything  for    the  reason    that  they
spw   .-.  supremacy   oflw,,r„ apparently not electted upon any
apttallsm on the throne of power.       jat,nnlu. or    wen.understood  policy  or
In each nation there will be an element  In  the  working class,  who will
refuse  to  commit  murder,   because  It
Is legalised by a proclamation of war.
Men   of   Intelligence   In   the   ranks   of
labor, who have a broad grasp ot tbe
Kreatest  problem of  the age.
member that    commandment
decalogue.  "Thou  shalt  not kill."  and
will  refuse to seise   the weapons    of
murder to prolong the reign of a civilization  that  Is loaded  with the exultant shouts of Industrial despots and
and   sobs  of     pauperised
will r«
In the
the  i-l-hs
In grinding out copy by the light of
tho midnight oil errors will sometlmea
creep In.   Such a case occurred ln my
last    contribution
which, viewed   In	
the humble writer many qualms,
to    The    Clarion,
cold    type,  caused
line  wm.	
writing of Preo Trade anil Protection
the reader would naturally Ipfer by
tho context that I looked upon legislation along those lines as "labor
legislation," What I meant to convey
wus the fact that the "great" Liberal
I'arty had repudiated Its pre-election
promise of Introducing "Free Trade
•ns they have lt ln Britain" and even
moro readily repudiated promises with
regard to labor legislation, as do both
the capitalist parties. When forced to
save their faces by enacting a labor
law wo get only such trash as Vie
Allen Labor Law which has several
times been upset bjf the covets,
servants of their class.
program.    It has been bandied about
that  they  axe socialists, ot course ot
the sane sort,    who  would go about
righting the wrongs Inflicted upon the
workers in a sensible manner and one
not  calculated    to    cause    uny  widespread  uneasiness   or  hurt  anybody's
feelings.    All of which appears to be
borne out by the facts.   The socialists
of   Kngland,  that   ls  the  bad  revolutionary ones, are beginning to realise
that this elected bunch of "Laborites"
havo   practically    demonstrated   their
worlhlessness    as    representatives    of
the working class by allowing a year
to pass without having been guilty of
an intelligent effort to voice the needs'
ot the  exploited  victims ot capitalist'
As "Justice,"  the official   organ ot
tho Social-Democratic Federation, puts
not  a single socialist speech has
delivered   In  the    English
Tho    best    plat-
of living
Free trade WntaJ^^  ^ ^
•Wd the »BI» 8U"  of  «*_   ^".^Tc-iand  therefore    .«■**•"    . - for
was more powerful than the combined |anu  <- ^r |g _ot nny o,e VKnvj^
•"•rength of tho retail merchants «nd
UM worker Is not any  »»  -      tlon
.-„ lower   cost of Uv ng
yet   been
Popular  Assembly,
form In tho world has not yet been
used to propound our doctrines or to
spread our principles," There la probably a good and sufficient reason for
this, and which doubtless lies in the
fact that there is not a genuine socialist tn tho whole bunch. It la evident, at least, that there Is' not one
among them who, lf a socialist, is
capable of giving reasons for the faith
that Is within him. Either that or he
Is too "respectable" and as Hyndman
well said, "respectability   Is   the
the lo**er
on the other !jgjSJJ'giving re
u-in-. and. the Bi»■■«■■*.» .
raise;i the cost of
must  also
organised labor.
Thla lesson that has --^n'W™^J2.| ,,v|ng, and,
the business man, whon  the Chinese "»-■»•     th„  sttmc  ««*.*..   "..„_,
threw off the rage of wage slavery *"*i|^,n,n,5l0uUI Protection bo Introduced
•Jonned the livery of the merchant. has!ri«*.
same,  wagon
has _^^^^^^
curse of English
lu  the
working class poll
other, understand capitalist productloa and the workers' position under
it, and are prepared to leave no stone
unturned to bring the rule of capital
to an end, their work will of necessity
be absolutely barren of results beneficial or even encouraging to tabor. A
"Labor Party" that Is not pronouncedly socialist, that is not revolutionary to
the core, Is merely a hulk upon the
political sea without compass, rudder,
cargo or ballast. That the "Labor
Party" tn question is a case in point
Is becoming recognised by our English comrades is shown by the following from a recent Issue of "Justice," I
under caption.  "The   Question    of    a!
"From   the    inception of the Labor
Party, as the L. K, C, we have urged
the necessity for a program.    No one
suggests that this program should be
ono of details, or that the Parliamentary Croup   of the    Party  should be
'cribbed, cabined, and confined'  ln all
matters of tactics or policy.    But we
do maintain    that    the objects    to be
aimed at, and the broad principles upon which the Party Is based should be
formulated In a program for the guidance ot the Parliamentary Group. We
maintain, further,    that such    a program  should    be    formulated  by   the
Party Executive, and not by the Parliamentary  representatives, and based
upon    the  resodlutions of the    Party
Conferences.    At the present  time, ln
spite of all the very definite and emphatic  resolutions  of  Its  conferences,
the  Parliamentary  Croup  is  actually
committed to   nothing, and ls   bound
nowhlther.    The    Conference  has  adopted  a  socialist    resolution,  and  its
Parliamentary    leader     has    declared
that socialism is Its objective; but, on
tho other hand,    socialism    has  been
specifically repudiated by some of Its
members.   This is a point which needs
to bo made clear.   Is the Labor Party
for socialism or against It?   The question, with many   others, can only   be
determined by the adoption of a fundamental program.    It   Is   Impossible
for the Party Oroup   to much longer
play   the   part   of   Mr. Factng-both-
ways.   The Liberal Party has declared war upon socialism, and the leader
of thc Labor Party has valiantly taken up tho challenge.   His party must
now  declare    themselves,    and    must
either support him   or repudiate htm.
We are glad, therefore, that the question of a program ls to be brought forward again at Belfast, and this time
the proposal should' be carried, as we
many of those   who have
     learn that     _____________________
the   n«,resentat.ves   of   labor (hitherto opposed it havo come to see
British    Parliament    or    any Its necessity.
way. It seems that Peter Veregln, the
Doukhobor chief, has been commissioned to go to Russia and Inveigle
10,000 peasants Into thia "Canada of
As this Doukhobor chieftain l« also
a representative of Christ this little
scheme, coming right upon the heels
of Staff Captain Tatlow and Commissioner Coombs' recent efforts along1
the same line, shows the saviour to
be quite extensively engaged In cheap
labor immigration schemes.
To quote tbe Voice tba proposition
is as follows: "A large number <10.-
000 if possible) of Russian peasants
are to be got from the poorer districts.
They are to come to Canada on a two
years' contract to work on the O. T.
P. The wages for the first year are
to be stipulated at $1.00 per day and
board. Hopes are to be held out for
higher wages the second year. The
Grand Trunk will arrange for the
transportation of these people from
Russia and will undertake ln the contract to return to Russia such as remain faithfully at work for two
The tender mercy of the capitalist
labor skinner is so welt known that it
Is quite easy to conjure forth a pic-
tore of these peasants being returned
■to their native land after faithful service for two years,    more especially
when It Is    taken into consideration
that the    employers    themselves will
cheerfully  take upon  themselves the
onerous task of passing judgment upon their faithfulness.   Tbe statement
ihat "hopes are to held out for higher
wages  the  second year,"   must have
been made Ironically, with the evident
purpose of casting a slur upon the Integrity and    good    Intentions of our
blessed Orand Trunk Pacific capitalists and   their generous   and  whole-
souled   contractors.     Everyone   who
knows the breed will be quite satisfied that the Imported ones will be ao
kindly dealt    with In tbe   matter of
wages,  especially  during  the  second
year, that when they are transported
back to Russia   at the end of their
term a considerable charge for excess
baggage wtll be made because of the
else of their wad.
According to the plan of tbe Doukhobor leader the members of his particular flock ot christians are to be
employed as foreman at pood wages. 1,^ ^ -othtar
The Voice takes occasion to remark
that it 'is not necessary here to condemn the Doukhobor    leader; he is
looking after his own aggrandisement
and the advantage of his own people
without any  regard  to  other people
and their Interests, as he bas a right
to do, and he will be acclaimed aa a
worthy leader by the capitalists ot the
Dominion. If he can carry tbe scheme
through."    Now this is  unkind and
even bordering upon the profane,
this    Doukhobor    representative
Christ is actuated by such mercenary
motives a most serious reflection is
cast upon our own Staff Captain Tatlow and Commissioner Coombs, to say
nothing of the silent partner In the
Salvation Army and Doukhobor immigration schemes.    The Inference that
logically follows Is that they are tarred with the same stick.   Perish the
thought!   It Is all done for the spiritual good of the Immigrants.   No material interest has anything to do with
such schemes.
The peasants are to come from the
famine-stricken    districts of unhappy
Russia.    Advantage ls to be taken ot
the dire straits of these wretched people to recruit an army of slaves to be
doomed to the task of building additional means of exploitation for the
brutal task-mostera ot modern tlmee,
so that they may add still further to
the volume of their already Ill-gotten
plunder.    To carry out    these enterprises cheap tabor bi required In order that the god Capital may not be
thrown Into a nasty temper.   Capitalist  procurers and    plmpa    scour the
earth In search ot the needful supply.
They prospect   every quarter ot the
globe that   may hold    out hopes of
| cheap labor.
ates behind these hum **-,*lw!**/.
schemes scanned the. barton, tor th*
appearance of tbe rainbow of promts*.
Over the war-swept and thnslM-atrlc-
ken districts of Russia. It baa bunt
upon their delighted viston. They
have struck a new lead In the misery
and destitution of the starving Russian peasant They may be depended upon to work it for all it Is worth.
The Voice suggests that the Government should in some way cast, a halt
upon this contract labor. Immigration
scheme. Aa the G. T. P. ts the nursling of the present Government of the
Dominion, or vice versa, an aha earn*
may be. the suggestion of tha Voice
is a valuable one Indeed.
The entire affair, and a multitude
of similar ones, are merely Incidents
tn the history of a civilisation built
upon human slavery. They will be
repeated ao lone as human slavery remains.
Under the present system of. property Industry ia carried on for tha
sole purpose of bringing, profit to ths
owners of tbe meana ot production.
Profit ia merely the getting of
something for nothing.
In order that one person-assy get
something for nothing another parson or persons must give something
for nothing.
This Is self-evident.
The profits accruing to th*
ot wealth production are
the material things produced by these,
whose tabor carries on the Industrial
pro runs
Into these material things Is coined
tbe very lives of the laborers-
They produce ibe wealth; their
masters, the capitalists, take tt.
That is how the latter obtain their
sacred profits from which they wax
sleek and fat In appearance and grant
ln pomposity and power.
What the capitalist gets costa bis*
nothing; the laborer pays the bill.
A simitar happy arrangement onee
existed betwixt the chattel stave and
his master.
Later on it was the same between
feudal lord an serf.
Now lt is tbe    capitalist and* the
Tbe capitalist is maater; the worker
a slave.
The modern slave gets his wages,
which are equivalent to the ,
his "keep" while he work*
When he haa no Job, L e.,
His wages are paid out of th* product of bis own tabor, therefore he
pays his own wages,
This is In turn equivalent to working for nothing and "keeping" bias-
The profits ot the master also cobs*
from the product of the stave* labor.
This represents tbe price ths stato
pays for the privilege of working tor
nothing and "keeping" himself.
The  masters ars few;   tbe staves
The former could not retain their
soft snap without the tatter's eon-
Periodically tbe staves have an opportunity to withdraw their icneint.
Thia is termed an election ef p*b-
llc officials.
Most ot tbe staves refuse at
times to withdraw their aunsani
Tbey are quite  satisfied to
for nothing,    "keep" themselves and
pay through tbe nose for the
The masters   are   equally
they should.
This shows the Identity ot Inteeeot
between master and slave.
The willing slave la Just merely aa
am who haa hind lege only.
As the four-legged ass la not altogether willing to pack his load ear-
tain apologies are due htm.
He Is hereby assured that no Insult
Is intended.
It requires something mora than his
own unsufferable Ignorance to bold
him to his task.      ,
AH of which Is greatly to his credH.
But the asa with hind legs only--
 (font ran out).
'■    0 .»■ -j   »«i  ■
Anxiously have the plr-
Nomination day—Jan. lf.
Election day—Feb. I.
House meets—March T.
Register!    Get  on the voters'
for the next campaign.    It'll not
so long, with a doaen socialist
sentatlves at Victoria on Maroh T.
•      !
I «_*•»», ™™«™«    «HTMH   OOLPliBU.
As Woaters Qarion
PubHahed every Saturday in the
interests of the working class alone
at tiie Offica of .the Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 165 Hastings
Street- Vancouver B. C
Strictly in Advance.
Yearly subscription cards in  lota
oi ft - or more, 75 cents each.
•   Bundles ol 5 or more copies, for a
'period of not less than three months,
at the rate of one cent per copy per
Advertising rates on application.
II you receive tUa paper, it Is paid
-In making remittance by cheque,
exchange must be added. Address
all communications and make all
money orders payable to
Bos 836,
Vancouver, B. C
Watch thb label on yoor pa
per.   If-tie number ia on it,
subscription aspires the
JANUARY 6, 1907.
IjAlsit is to-day the slave of capital. *i'!»s power that was once vested
In lho -.nsster of chattel slaves or the
feudal i-il, Is now held by the capita. -;. the degradation of servitude
one*.- ■■«■ ne by the chattel slave or
feudal serf is now the portion of the
wage-slave. The very essence of slavery is that the master shall command
tha services of the slave and appropriate Uie products of his toll. That
Is as completely accomplished under
the present as it ever was under any
preceding slave system. *
It is true the slave enjoys to-day
some privileges that were denied him
under chattel slavery and serfdom,
but the value of these privileges are
tn a great measure offset by the lessened degree of responsibility resting
upon the master. The master of wage-
slaves is practically relieved of all
refponslblllty regarding their welfare. His responsibility ends, the moment he has paid them the stipulated
wages, and upon occasion he can even
dispense with that little formality
with-perfect safety. When he no
longer requires the services of a slave
it is ft matter Of complete indifference
to him what becomes of the unlucky
wigbt. Should he, perchance, starve-
to death because of inability to find
another master, his former master
cannot be called to account for the
violation of any obligation he owes
to the stave. With his discbarge from
service and the payment of such
wages as he might be entitled to, all
relationship between himself and his
erstwhile master ceases. For whatever predicament be may find himself
ln pending the securing of another
master, the slave alone must assume
the responsibility. Whether he lives
or dies is of no moment to the master
claaa so long aa the conditions of the
stave market renders certain their
opportunity to secure slaves when
needed. Whan all considerations are
taken Into account wage-sjavery Is
the cheapest and therefore most Ideal
t*m of slavery imaginable.
The worker of to-day is belt! tn
wage-slavery because the means, ot
production are capital. The form of
ownership In vogue renders this possible, Though sll men depend upon
the resources et the earth and Instruments of labor for their existence
these things are not the property of
alL Therefore those who are outside
tbe pale of ownership find themselves
at the mercy of those who do own the
means of production. For the owners t* allow the non-owners to use the
means of production Without paying
for the privilege would be an unthink*
able proposition, for it would be equU
vatent to* an abrogation of such ownership, No property-owning class has
ever yet been guilty of acquiring such
a ridiculous and self-abnegating habit. The test of property ls, to the
owndr the enjoyment' thereof. He
must benefit by such ownership in* order to realize its possession. The owner
of capitalist property can only realise
the possession of it by drawing revenue from its use* Capitalist property la of a magnitude beyond thc
capability of Its owner to utilise except he can command the services of
others In It* operation. By so doing
be accomplishes that which ls beyond
Ms power aa an Individual to accomplish. He is enabled to reap the
fruit of other men's labor. Hu comes
Into possession of wealth that be does
not produce. His property rights are
thus confirmed. They become to htm
• fact.   He realises possession, and as
the magnitude of     his operation In-
ea. ln corresponding ratio does
hie importance as a property-owner
assert Itself.
Capital expresses itself through the
exploitation of labor. Should this exploitation be rendered no longer possible capital would at once vanish.
The robbery of labor Is the breath of
life in the nostrils of capital. Without it capital could no more exist than
could a human being without air.
The program of labor must eventually be the ending of its exploitation.
This Implies the destruction of capital. This by no means infers the destruction of any of the implements of
production. It merely means the destruction of the form of ownership under which the means of production
are now operated. It Implies solely
the transfer of ownership from the
capitalist class to the working class.
This In turn implies an entire change
In the purpose for which the Industries of the world are carried on.
They are now operated for the purpose
of bringing profit to the owners, the
capitalists. They will then be operated for the purpose of producing
things for the use of they who do the
work. In the first instance the owners are enabled to realise profit from
the labor of the non-owners, the owners themselves performing no useful
part in the process of production. In
the latter instance the owners being
themselves the workers the element of
profit cannot enter Into the process.
Profit Implies getting something for
nothing. No person can make a profit out of himself. What is true of an
individual is likewise true of a class.
When the working class assumes ownership and control of ita means of
labor the era of production for profit
will end. There ls no class below the
working class to be exploited.
To accomplish Its emancipation from
capitalist exploitation the working
class must first obtain control of the
capitalist state, for this is the instrument by means of which capital maintains Its economic dominion over the
workers. It is the means whereby the
capitalist class holds the workers In
leash for exploitation. Once In possession of the capitalist state the
working class can effect the necessary transformation of property tn the
means of production to bring the rule
of capital and Its brutal exploitation
to an end. In fact the capture of the
State by the working class means the
ending of that human slavery that has
cursed the earth since the birth of
The political and economic program
of labor can be written In few words.
It Is so written in the platform of
the Socialist Party of Canada. With
a thorough understanding of capitalist production and the position of
enslaved labor under its baneful rule,
the representatives of the revolutionary proletariat ln the parliaments of
the world need no further mandate
than the simple declaration set down
ln that document. Without such an
understanding all the documents In
existence could not keep them in the
straight course.
Some there are who assert that
labor's platform should be embellish
ed with multitudinous specific demands making to some Immediate relief for the working class or sections
of it In fighting an Implacable and
unscrupulous foe It Is not the part of
wisdom to give notification beforehand of where and when you Intend
to strike a blow. To do so le but to
afford your enemy an opportunity to
safeguard the point of attack and
probably nullify the result of your
onslaught. Far better judgment to
keep your own counsel and let your
blows fall whenever and wherever a
weak spot ln your antagonist's armor
may be disclosed. Were the socialists of British Columbia weak enough
to go into the pending campaign advocating some certain ameliorative
measures on behalf of the workers, It
would be equtvllent to giving the enemy Information of the point of at
tack, and thus enable him to fortify
against the assault.
Let the written program of labor
remain a short, sharp and concrete
statement of purpose. Let the representatives of labor strike whenever
and wherever place and time may be
opportune, and wring every possible
concession from the ruling claas
whether such be applicable to one
membert.of the working class or millions.
Those who Were led' to the opinion
that the imprisoned officers of the
Western Federation of Miners were In
a fair way to eventually be released
from custody because of the aroused
aa energetic action of the working
people throughout the nation In protesting against the outrage and sub
scribing liberally from their means to
aid ln the defense of the accused men,
are evidently doomed to disappoint
ment.  From all accounts it would ap
pear that the Interests responsible for
the outrage are as determined as ever
that Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone
shall pay with their lives the forfeit*
ot loyalty to working-class Interests.
No more infamous decision has been
handed down by an American court
since the days of Taney and the Dred
Scott case, than that recently given
by the Supreme Court In the case of
the kidnapped officials of the W. F.
M. By this decision the last vestige
of constitutional rights has been stripped from the worker who dares to protest too loudly against the brutalities
of the ruling class, and he ts left naked and defenceless at the mercy of
such thugs, ruffians and cut-throats as
may be employed to wreek the vengeance of rulers upon him. In the
light of this decision lt would appear
that henceforth the workers must depend solely for protection against the
robber class upon their own good
right arms, aided by such weapons as
they may be able to lay their hands
upon Irrespective of legal right or
constitutional guarantee. It Is by such
decisions that the sham and hypro-
crasy of constitutional pretense ia
stripped from the conduct of rulers,
and their rule disclosed as merely an
exercise of cold, calculating, unbridled
and merciless power.
At some time In the future, no one
knows when, Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone will be brought to trial.
That time will come when all legal
subterfuges to delay the event have
been exhausted. When that trial does
come off lt Is superfluous to say It
will be a farce, a rank stinking farce.
Unless the American proletariat displays more Interest In the welfare of
the accused men than Is now in evidence, they will be hanged, or consigned to some capitalist dungeon for
the balance of their Uvea, lrregardless
of any evidence that may be offered
to prove their Innocence of the crime
To-day the State of Idaho Is said to
bo swarming with human vermin in
shape of the thugs, ruffians and
cut-throats employed by the Mine
Owners' Association. The State Is
said to be over-run with detectives.
These "coyotes," the lowest and most
contemptible of all living things, are
keen upon the scent for evidence that
may In some way be used against the
accused men, In return for the gathering of which they expect to obtain
access to the carrion upon which they
feed, the coin from tbe coffers of the
robber barons of the Mine Owners'
Association. The footsteps of the attorneys of the Western Federation of
Miners are continually dogged by
these cowardly skunks.
Judge Smith In whose court these
cases were pending was defeated at
the recent election, the office falling
to his democratic opponent, Bryan.
That this worthy gent will prove an
equally pliable tool of the powera that
be will undoubtedly be demonstrated
when the cases are brought before
him. Those who know anything of
the characteristics of the dirty breed
of animals from which tbe retainers
of capital are recruited will lay no
wagers upon a contrary result.
Steve Adams, who made some interesting disclosures upon being released
from the penitentiary at Boise, recently, la to be, if possible, convicted
of some other crime in order to prevent him being used aa a witness by
the defence ln tbe Moyer, Haywood
and Pettibone cases. The well-known
devotion of the ruling claas to justice
is ample assurance that whatever evidence may be necessary to convict Ad
ama will be made to order whenever
In spite of the widespread Interest
In the welafre 'of these Imprisoned
members of the working class, unless
still further and stupendous efforts
are put forth tn their behalf they will
be forced to surrender their lives upon
the altar of ruling class fury and vengeance. If this conspiracy ts allowed
to reach Its culmination in the murder
of these men, then Is the life of no
wage-slave safe who dares to breathe
aloud a protest against his chains.
If the American proletariat supine.
Iy submits to the murder of these loyal and true-hearted members of the
working class, that proletariat Is made
up, not of men, but of slaves who
richly deserve whatever ruling-class
venom and fury may have in store
for them.
From Its very Inception the action
taken against Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone showed upon its face a conspiracy to murder these men. The
very men who took part In It from the
Infamous Gooding, of Idaho, and tbe
despicable McDonald of Colorado,
right down tho gamut of cowardly
ruffians to the unspeakable McParland
himself, have shown by their every
act that they were not only qualified
but anxious to commit the murder.
Danger still threatens tbe Uvea of
the Imprisoned men. If they are to
be rescued from tha Mind fury of
class hatred and claas vengeance
speedy and energetic action is demanded at once.
Let the holding of protest meetings
be resumed everywhere. Let the word
go forth that the Imprisoned officers
of the Western Federation of Miners
shall not be murdered except at tbe
coat of "an eye for an eye and a tooth
for  a tooth."
However much surface skimmers may
be inclined to scoff at all efforts put
forth to drill into the minds of the
workers an understanding of capitalist
production and the various phenomena attendant upon it. the fact still
remains that without this knowledge
the working class cannot be reasonably expected to steer clear of the
reactionary reefs and shoals that
prove fatal to ihelr revolutionary
hope* and aspirations. In support of
this ample evidence Is afforded by the
result of the recent elections In tho
United State*. A comrade writing
from the other side of tho line says:
"Our papers are not good. They aro
neither one thing nor the other, neither
first-class propaganda sheets nor clever local political Journals. The result
Is that we do not catch the American
who wants concrete things. It Is so
much easier for our men to parrot
phrases got from the books than it is
for them to study the actual conditions and express them In ordinary
language that the real explanation of
the situation is overlooked and tho
crowd thinks that It is only getting
saw-dust, and to a great extent the
crowd ls right. We have an awful lot
of work ahead ln building up the thing
on the right basis. Thc sentiment Is
thero beyond all question. The Socialist sentiment throughout the entire
state Is something tremendous, but we
have not yet either the organisation
or the talent to precipitate It."
The end of capitalist rule will not
come because of Socialist sentiment
men who understand thoroughly Its
mechanism and consequently know
It will come as the conscious action ot
how to so direct their efforts as to
usher ln the next succeeding order
without bringing about the total collapse of the entire structure of civilisation. In fact R can be brought
about in no other way. Were a vast
mob to suddenly become enthused with
Socialist sentiment to the point of tak-
Ink drastic action to bring the rule ot
capital to an end. ihe result could be
-Accomplished only at the cost of the
complete disruption of tbe present social organism and the practical annihilation of the grand achievements of the
ages that have lifted mankind from
savagery to its present advanced position. Sentiment Is well enough, provided it springs from a knowledge of
the task in hand and all of the factors
and forces that bear upon It That
knowledge alone ts the helm that holds
the craft with its cargo uf sentiment
head on to the revolutionary storm,
thus avoiding the rocks and reefs of
reform, reaction and disaster. Without that she will drift stern foremost
and helpless with every cross-current
and her crew will Jump overboard at
the first sign ot the coming storm in
the vain hope that they • may escape
Its terrors.
Thousands of voters in the States at
the recent election loaded to the neck
with Socialist sentiment, were carried
away by the Hearst and similar movements, fondly believing they were to
be wafted to a haven of refuge where
the grass would be o ternally green
and fish would blithely Jump from the
water ready fried upon their plates.
Had they ebeen short on sentiment,
but long on knowledge they would not
have made the mistake. The revolutionary lightning would have lost Its
terrors. They would have realised
that conjured forth by an Intelligent
though enslaved working class it could
but strike the fetters from their llmbj
and free them from their servitude.
Local Vancouver, of the Socialist
Party of Canada, on Monday evening
last selected five candidate* to contest this constituency for seats In the
Provincial Legislature st the election
on Feb. 2nd. The candidates selected
were A. R. Stebbings, R. P. Pettlplce.
J. B. Dubberley, J. H. McVety and
*** T. Kingsley. This |» the second
time the Party has run candidates In
this city for the Provincial House
and the first time a full ticket has
been put up. At the elections three
years since, two candidates, John T
Mortimer, and A. R. Stebbings, were
r*in, receiving 1338 and 9&o votes respectively,
During the past three years a prodigious amount of propaganda work
has been done In the city. Regular
meetings havo been held on Sunday
evenings, and these have been ae a
rule Well attended. Numerous extra
meetings have been held on other
nights and without exception the attendance haa been large, n fact no
other movement, either political or
otherwise, can draw together xuoh
audiences week In and week out aa
does the Socialist movement,   a moat
pronounced change has noma over the
trad- union movement here during
the past tsw years. Tha old feeling
of conservatism and antagonism
agalHat the Socialist movement has to
a large extent been broken down.
The uvcrage trade unionist now considers Hie Socialist position as quite
the correct aim, and seems to be in
no way alarmed at the prospects of
Itb ultimate success. Many of the
most active and ardent trade unionists uie found among the bualsst workers In pushing the Socialist propaganda forward.
Three years since it was possible to
run whut was termed a "labor ticket." That it ls Impossible to do so
now lias been shown by the failure to
successfully launch such a "labor
purty." thnt has been recorded during
the post few months, In spite of the
well-known tact that the scheme was
aided and abetted by a supposedly astute bunch of local political adventurers who had much money to spend.
These old threadbare schemes can no
longer be worked upon the average
Vancouver trade unionist. There has
been too much discussion on economic
questions going on In this vicinity to
admit of his maintaining the necessary degree of Ignorance to enable
designing politicians to use him any
longer as a dupe. The crust Of prejudice that once encased him being
now broken he is apt at any moment
to do a political stunt that wilt cause
a cold chill to run down the spine of
the labor-skinning fraternity.
At the present moment it looks as
though candidates in Vancouver
would be confined to tbe three parties
---Socialist,   Liberal and Conservative.
During the next four weeks the political pot will Im.II fiercely In Vancouver. Whatever candidates may be
successful at the polls will owe their
success  to    working-class    votes.     If
the thousands of workers prove true
to themselves and Ihelr class the Socialist strength In the lute House will
receive a substantial Increase ss a
1,wilt  of the    contest.     Encouraging
word comes from the other ridings In
the Province, where Socialist candidates will be put up. The working-
men of Vancouver will not shirk ihelr
part In Labor's struggle for emancipation from the thraldom of capitalist
wage- bondage.
Union Directory
W-tm They Meet 1 Where They Mr*..
K«ry Lain- Uuton In the pro»l.,« 1§ ,.
illed to place s card uu-ler this hc.,1 t, _, _*
month,    hrcrt Uriel please save. •       *•■,
International Association ol  Rnu~
and Structural  Ironworkers, 1 ocal
No. 07, meets in Labor Hall   fjr?,
and fhird Friday of thc month  »,
8 p. m.    H. Jardin.*, Ret»idln«._«c!
retary. Bos UN, Vancouver, it. c.
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. 1
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 7J© o'clock in Miners'
hall. John n.clnnit, President,
Walter Morrison, Secretary.
SoeiaM Directory
ghTEvwry Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a ear 1
uadsr tbls bead. 11.00 par month
Secretaries please not*.
Please do not address communications relating to party affairs to this
paper or its editor. The addresses of
the Dominion and Provincial Secretar-
las will be found In column (, page t.
Hy addressing all communications lo
them much confusion and unnecemary
work will lie avoided.
Roosavelt says there are "good trusts
and bad trusts." Mure thing. "Hood
trusts" aro those In which you hold
stock and from which you draw dividends. The "bad" ones are those In
which you hold no shares and whose-
operations are Inclined to pinch your
The president of the Houthern Railway. Hpencer by name, was recently
killed In a wreck on his own road.
At, strange aa it may appear the removal of this bunch of brains from
the management of the road did not
rerlnuHiy affect ita operation. Ths
road Is still doing business.
The Hlkarl. Japanese socialist or
gan of Tokio, stales lhat "strikes are
taking place continuously In every
city and town of Japan at present"
The laborers are evidently chafing un
der the yoke of Japanese capitalism
although the latter Is practically In
Its infancy. A vigorous spirit of rebellion now may easily develop into
Intelligent revolutionary action later
"Society never will be belter than
il~* Individuals who compose It," re
marks a writer. And It might be well
to remark that the Individual will be
no better than the fundamental econ
omlc basis upon which society rests.
This basis, with present society. Is tha
exploitation of labor under the wage-
system. There Is nothing strange In
tho fact that the crop of angels Is e«-
ceedtngly limited.
In speaking of conditions In Colorado, the "Rocky Mountain News" declares that "honorable capital and organised labor are NOT secure," and
that "thievish capital is In control of
an astonishing proportion of the resources," etc., of that state. As all
capital la the result of theft as well
as means of further thievery, It
would lie well for some son of a gun
to show where the line Is to be drawn
between tho "honorable" and "thievish" varieties.
An exchange says: "The stories of
Inhumanity practised upon the poor
natives of the Congo by the o..rials
ot Leopold have awakened the ndlg-
nallon of tho christian world." Inasmuch as the entire christian world
la busily engaged In the game sort of
practice, though as a rulo upon a
somewhat moro refined scale the "Indignation" doubtless arises from the
fact that Leopold's method of getting
something for nothing Is a little too
coarse and opth, It he would only
conduct his Congo thieving operations
along the lines followed by his kind
n Europe and America the "Indignation of the christian world would be
undisturbed in Ita slumbers.
Urltlsts Coiumbta Pi-vtnrlsl __e<utl».
Committee, Socialist Parly of Canada. Metis every alternate Tuesday. D. G. McKenzie. SecreUry,
Box 8j6, Vancouver, 11  C.
Executive CoaMniiiee, **,.
clallst Party of Canada, m-i-i.
every alternate Tuesday, j. q.
Morgan, "secretary. Ill Barnard
Street, Vancouver, U. C.
Local Vaaoonver. No. I, a. V. ot <*_-•
ada. Business meetings every
Mondsy evening at headquarters.
Ingleside Block. Ill Csmbl* Htreet.
(room I, second floor). Educational meetings every Sunday at I
p. m.. In Ralllvan Hall. Cordova
Btrest Frederic Parry, Secretary,
Boa CM, Vancouver. B. C
Local Toronto. 8. P. of C. Mm. rv
ery Sunday 3 p. m. at Davit, Hall,
corner Queen and Spaditu Avenues. F. Dale, Secretary. 41
Henry Street. Finn»h Branch
meet* Sunday night*, um* lull.
Jewish Branch, Sunday nights -t
185 i-j Queen St. West.
Local Winnipeg, 3. P. of C. meets
every Sunday, in Trade* Ila'i, at
2:30 p. m. J. Corxon, Secretin, jjti
Princess St., Winnipeg, Man
Local Nelson, 8. P. of C.~ Meets every Friday evening at H p.m., m
Miners' Union Hall, Nelscn ll C
A. W. Harrod, Organizer.
J. Edward Bird,    A. C. Brydon Jack
Tei. Has. p.o. nos, »8a
1194 Hastings St. . . Vaarnuv-***. R C.
The next issue of the
Western Clarion will
be devoted exclusively
to campaign matter. It
will contain a manifesto
to the wording class. A
History of tne movement in Canada. Legislative record of the
Socialist members in the
Provincial Legislature,
the measures they have
ut forward and the vote
or and against such
measures. Also a com"
plete list of the candidates in the various rid"
ings.   -   -   -   -   -
It will be issued by
the Provincial Executive
G>mmittee, and furnished to Locals and Campaign Committees in
bundles of 500 or more
copies at rate Of $6 per
1,000 carriage prepaid
Send orders at once to
Provincial Secretary
Care of Clarion Office.
If itadiitanci win .our order
ii the Committee will know how
large aa edition ta mo. ■        'm>*i
-..r-imDAT*. >^Aim-jitt,mi
Thsss columns hava been placed at
th. disposal of the Party, 6>cretsrles
ot Locals ars tepumtad to take advantage of them In. at intervsle, re-
Dorting conditions to thslr respective
£caiittss. Cotmnnnlcatlons under thla
b*ad should be addrsaaed to the Dominion or Provincial Bscrataries. Loci Mcrsuriss srs further requested to
look to these columns for annourwe-
rntnts from ths ■aecutlve Committees.
By this means ths business of ths
Psrty wOl be faeUitatsd and the Dominion and Provincial secretaries
rtltsvsd of a lUUs of ths Increasing
burden of correspondence
Regular business meeting January
-'nd. 1'reaent: Comrades Pritchard,
Mills, Hlebblnga, Pettipiece, Kingsley,
Morgan and the Secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Charter applications received from
Victoria, Mother Lode, Olalla and
charters granted.
Correspondence received from Local*
Ymir,   liossland.  Grand Forks,  Mount
Sliki-r,   Mother    Lode,  Fernie,  Olalla,
[Phoenix, Itevelstoke, Oro Denoro, Victoria and from Walter Thomas Mills.
All officers of the committee were reelected for the ensuing term.
I'll,., nlx   Local, stamps
Olalla charter fee..
In order to afford comrades an
easy access to standard works on
Socialism, the committee hat decided
to lay in a gtock ol literature.    The," ~~; —7   **  *'
oiloJi-t are oa band and will be ^"""i* {*•**•■ •"-«**■
«nt poft-pald to any address ,t ^iv""*' »^-ai supplies,
once. OUOted. Two-cent sumps ""•""»'"> ***** sumps.. .
-till be accepted for sums not UIPttU\^Wehjt Local, .tamps..
.. —'--■ iMt. Kicker Local, atamp*..
Ymir Ixx-al. supplies
Victoria chsrter fee..
CamiMilitm   fund    2.50
Organising fund    6.00
ing 23 team
The Orlgla of tha Family, (V.
ElnfVWJ    tea    ee*    em    *e*w*m*t\*m**amp it*
Th* Social Bavolution (Earl
Kautaky) ... ,.^.-.-...~.....-_..-.
The World's Revolutions (Ernest Untenaasn)  -.-.-..
Tha Socialists, who thsy are
snd what thsy stand for.
(John Spargo) ..-.„,.—, |
Ths Bvolstloo of Man (Bolachs)
Modern Soelallam (Chaa. B.
Vsil)  ...   ..	
Class atrngtrtss la America
(A. M. Simons) a
The   Communist    Manifesto,
Karl  Mara   io cents
Socialism, Utopian and Scientific Mars h En eels... io cents
Wag*,   tabor   and   Capital,
Karl  Mara    A cents;   ^^AaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaPPM
The Mission of the Working Class. I   Tou know that no campaign can be
Chas.   Vail    r-„,T  „-.   .-.-■_'       £5 I carried  on     without,  at     least some
ScriaMa* and Farmers. A. M. |f"n'u"   Tou,dun/_ n<*_ ,0 **. toM this.
Simons S cents u  u * self-evident  fact.    Tou    also
Total *5J.S0
Warrants  were drawn  for—
POOL  Exec. Com., supplies..   ..   ..125.00
I outage uml tele-trams     3.SO
Ad. Bpace In Clarion    2.00
Meeting adjourned  lo Tuesday, Jan-
gg  uary llth.
Other works procured to order.
Address tha Literature Agent, Boa
88-1., Vnncouvsr. B. 0.
nm wiama *J-__wl *j__*maL mutmh counpiA.
Commenting on the complaint raised
by a enrrespond-nt signing himself
Middleman," the editor of the Milwaukee Dally News makes the following pertinent comments, which I commend to the small business man and
the retired farmer with a stated income, and others whom- salaries are
fixed by the Immutable law of communion :
"The answer of the trusts and the
Socialists to "Middleman" and 'the
class In whose name he speaks Is the
answer that the middle class nave to
the craftsmen when they found themselves being displaced by the machine
and the factory system. They are told
that w)illii4_jx'Kl*'K industrial land
economic conditions work Injury to
them, they must adapt themselves to
tho changed conditions. To call for
lhe overthrow of the great corporation*! and centralised Industry and a
return to the competitive system la to
demand tluit development shall cease
and progress turn backward. The Socialists Invite the middle class to Join
wllh them In establishing the Co-op-
eartive Commonweulth, In which all
will have to labor In producing and
distributing- wealth, while none shall
live by exploiting those that produce.
The truKts offer to the middleman the
opportunity of competing for a Job or
getting back to the land. In the economies that It is working In production
and distribution, the trust system of
mil-unity must dispense with useless
labor. The trust's Justification Is that
tt is u labor saving machine. And -the
labor-saving machine has had no
greater admirers or stouter defenders
than the middlemen.
"Tlie bourgeois' is not a patient
beast. He Is the maker of revolutions. He has beheaded kings and upset thrones. Enlisted by self-Interest
In the cause of the 'upper classes,' he
has been their bulwark In oppressing
and exploiting the 'proletariat.' But
now he faces a situation In which he
Is being crushed from above and below. The trust system calls for Ida
destruction. His only hope lies In enlisting thc proletarian to Join with
him In the overthrow of tho trusts and
the restoring of the opportunity that
has slipped from his grasp. And
against his appeal* to discontent, the
trust magnates are bidding with higher wages. The proletalre haa become
the arbiter."—Appeal  to Reason.
"On the ground of class struggle we
are Invincible; If we leave It we are
lost, because we are no longer socialists. The strength and power ot socialism rests ln the fact that we are
leadlng a class struggle; that the laboring class Is exploited and oppressed
by the capitalist class, and lhat within capitalist society effectual reforms,
which will put an end to clam govern
SS chains, theses 8. «» chains, thene.
*-■ 10 chains te point of commencement.
10. Commencing at the aame point
as No. S marked th* N. E. corner post,
thence 8. SO chslns, thence vv. so
chains, tbence N. 80 chains, tbence E.
SO chslns to point of commencement.
11. Commencing at the aame point
aa No. 10 marked the 8. W. corner
post, thence E. 10 chains, thence N.
80 chains, thence W. HO chain*, thence
S. 80 chains to point of commencement.
12. Commencing at a post about
three miles Westerly from the post
on No. 11 marked the 8. vv. corner
post, thence E. ISO chains, thence 8.
40 chslns, thence W. ISO chains, thence
N. 40 chains to point of commencement.
lt. Commencing at the same point
** No. 12 marked the 8. VV. corner
post, thence E. 160 chains, thence N.
40 chains, thence VF. 100 chains, thence
tl. to chains to point of commencement.
14. Commencing at the same point
as Nc 13 marked the N. E. corner
post, thence W. ISO chains, thence 8.
A0 chal. a, thence E. 1*0 chains, thence
N. 40 chains to point of commencement.
16. Commencing at the same point
aa No. 14 marked the 8. E. corner post
thence W ISO chains, thence N. 40
chains, thence E. 1(0 chaina, thence
S. 40 chains to point of commencement.
lt. Commencing about six miles
Westerly from Atluck Lake marked
N. E corner post, thence 8. ISO
chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence N.
1*0 chains, thence E. 4* chains to
point of commencement.
17. Commencing at the same point
as No. 1* marked the 8. W. corner post
thence K. 1*0 chains, thence N. 40
chaina, thence W. 1*0 chaina, thence 8
40 chains  to point of commencement
18. Commencing at a post about
two and a half miles ln a Westerly
direction from Atluck Lake marked
4he S. E. corner post, thence N. 1*0
chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence 8
1*0 chaina, thence E 40 chaina to
point of commencement.
15. Commencing at a post about
one mite Easterly from No. 18, marked
the 8 E. corner poat, thence N. 1*0
chaina, thence W. 40 chaina, thence 8.
1*0 chaina, thence E 40 chaina to point
of commencement.
20. Commencing at the aame point
M No. IS marked the & Wl corner
post thence N. 1*0 chaina, thence E.
40 chaina, thence 8. 1(0 chaina. Ihence
W. 40 chaina to point of commencement. ^^^^
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, December
15th.   190*.
Soatk lee chaina, them* Wsst 40 cksiaa te
point of commencement.
SS. Commencing at the Mae point aa No.
ts, marked tbe S. E. comer post, thence North
100 chains, thene* West 40 chaina, tbence
South ISO chslns, these* East 40 chaina to
point of commencement.
24. Commencing al a point near ths N. E.
corner oi section SI, marked the N. E. corner poat, tbence South SO chains, thence West
SO chains, thence North 80 chain*, tbence East
80 chains to point of commencement.
tS. Commencing at the N. E. corner of
section 28, marked the S. K. corner post,
ibcnce Weal 100 chaina, thence North 40
chains, thence East 1*0 chaina, thence South
40 chain* to point of commencement.
t* .Commencing at a point half a mile East
of the S. W. corner of section S7, T'p. lt,
marked the S. E. corner post, tbence North
100 chaina, thence West 40 chaina, tbence
Sofeth 160 chaina. thence Eaet 40 chains to
point of commencement.
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, December 10th,
know thai the old-line political parties
jliavc no trouble In securing funds for
the reason that ihey represent the Interests of capitalists and of course
th.-*w» capitalist* can and will pay their
campaign expenses out of thc plunder
_^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ it hey   have  secured   from   the   robbery
remmusmtimmm     _.,_».__ a   as  of ,he workers.    Wllh a worklngclass
¥J**W**Wm,    PM dossn  9 •«»  political   movement,  however.   It   Is  a
-______!__ tV9*.' •^__._   *.*.'■ different matter.   There sre NO prop-
Appllcatloo bunks    (With put- ,«riled Interest* standing behind It. and
form)  pes' 100 .._.. -an  which It Is sworn to protect,    it must
__ ,        ""    . " 'depend  solely  upon such  contribution*
Tbe committee being a ttockbold- „, y<*_,   j|r   Workingman. see  fit  lo
er  in    tbe    co-operative    publishing give,  m order to carry on  Its work.
house at Chas. Kerr tt Co. can pro*  You   are  a    generous  giver    when  It   ment  and  class  exploitation,  are Im
cure literature for the local* at co*t. [oemia to giving up your hide to your possible.'*—William  Llebknecht.
Campaign fund receipt book*    are employer.    Vou   will   surrender  It   to — -****	
now ready and will be furnished   to the u-t square   inch without a kick
' providing he give* you a small ration
of grub In the form of wages. You are
all right ss s giver ln such a case,
but when you come to contributing to
the carrying on of a movement that
purposes to relieve you of the necessity nf giving up any part of your
140.80 '••'■•' ■" ■'■ lsbor-sklnner, you amount
|to but little. Whst you contribute
mm^m^^^^^^m^^^^^^^^^mf—— i won't sink a *htp.
Vn/tM. it«-.»a!    With the amount of money the two
IW*' ** old political     hags—Liberal and Con-
j nerval!ve—will spend In this city alone
-_._«-,_.   „. _,-._.,-_, miun     \tor bo"** *-urtn« the coming campaign.
CENTRAL CAMPAIGN FUND.     ,►,„ socialist Party could carry a dos-
——*-— en  seats,    and  not  a cent    would be
It has beta decided by the Provincial u*«*d for the purpose of moistening the
Executive to build up a central fund g_ilet of any  thirsty   British object
to be used ia general!v assisting in the .-ith<-r.    It lakes     money to pay foi
coming campaign and more especially hntis, literature,     speakers* expenses,
(or thc purpose of printing snd diitn- [me-   *»n top of this comes the penalty
bating campaign literature. iof   $100 for each candidate, which In
All  COandCS  wishing    to    collect  the case of Vancouver means $500 for a
for  thlg  fund  Should  at  once  apply j full ticket.   These expenses cannot be
to the provincial secretary for a re- met except    workingmen put up the
teipt boot      NO eSort    efcould    be  money.    If     all  who     are  Interested
•pared in building up this fund. ! would chip In even a dollar each there
G- A- OKBLL, llsaagss
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City. Yon can always
depend upon our bread.    Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, EWC
f 1
TCUU-HOmi B77t
fWv. 9 m**anWm ****
>»»•»♦»♦»»♦•»♦< MM MMM
locals at io cents each.
The following amounts received up
to date:
l-revlousty acknowledged
J Walton     S.oo
"Capitalism Is the most terrible]
scourge to humanity; It fattens on
the misery of the poor, the degradation of the worker, and the brutal-
i«ing loll of his wife and children.
Just us capitalism grows, so grows
also pauperism, thai nilllatone round
the neck oi civlllaatlon, the revolting
cruelties of our factory system, the
squalor of great cities, and tbe presence of deep-seated poverty hard by
the gate of enormous wealth."—Karl
.Notice is hereby given that sixty daya after
date we intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lauds aaid Works for special license to cut and carry away timber oa the
following described lands in Rupert District:—
_ Commencing at a post marked Imperial
Tmibcr and Trading Company Nona Last corner peat situated at the N. _. corner oi section 10 T'p. It, tbence 80 chain* Sooth, thence
SO cksiaa West, tbence B0 chaina North, thence
SO chaina East, to point ot commencement.
1. Commencing at the N. L. corner of section tS amfimi Imperial limber and Trading
Company's Northwest corner, thence SO chains
*90«itk, thence bO chaina _»«, tbence au
chains K_,fc, thence SO chains West t_ point
of commencement.
t.   Commencing  at  a   point  one-half   mile I "***'<,,*_
after (0 days we Intend to upply for
a special licence to'cut and <-._rry away
timber on the following described
lands ln Rupert Diatrlct:
2T. Commencing at a poat about one
mile 8. of thc S.W. corner of Section
16, Tp. 14, marked the N.W. corner
poat, thence R. RO chaina, thence E. HO
chain*, thence N. 80 chains, thence W
*0 chain*, to point of commencement.
28. Commencing at the same point
a* No. 27, marked the N.E. corner
post, thence 8. 80 chaina, thence W. 80
.--iialna, thence N. 80 chains, thence E.
to chain*, to point of commencement.
it. Commencing at s point about
two miles S. of the 8.W. corner of
Section 20, raerked the N.W. corner
post, thence 8. 1C0 chains, thence E.
40 chains, thence N. 1*0 chains, thence
W. 40 chains to point of commencement.
30. Commen -mlng at the aame
point aa No. 20 marked the N. W.
corner poat, thence 8. 1*0 chaina,
thence W. 40 chains, thence N. 1*0
chaina. thence E. 40 chains to point of
31. Commencing at a point near
the a W. corner of Section 14, Tp 13,
marked the N.W. corner post, thence
S. 160 chains, thence E. 40 chaina,
thence N. 160 chaina, thence W. 40
chaina to point of commencement.
32. Commencing at  the same point
4 as  No.   31   marked  the   N.   E.   corner
poat, thence 8. 1*0 chains, thence W.
40 chains, thence N. 1(0 chains, thence
E. 40 chains to point ot commencement.
33. Commencing at the same point
ss in No. 32 marked the 8. W. corner
post thence N. 1(0 chains, thence E.
40 chains, thence 8. 1(0 chains, thence
w. 40 chains to point of commencement.
31. Commencing at the same point
aa tn No. 33 marked the 8. E. corner
post, thence N. 1*0 chains, thence W-
40 chains, thence 8. 1(0 chains, thence
E 40 chains to point of commencement.
35. Commencing near the S.W. corner of Section 22 marked the 8. W.
corner post, thence N. 80 chslns, thence
E. 80 chains, thence 8. SO chain*,
thence W- 80 chains to point of commencement.
3C     Commencing at  the  same  point
a*   No.   3a,   marked   the   8.   E.   corner
poat, thence N.  1*0-chains, thence W.
40 chaina, thence 8. 1(0 chains, ihence >
E. 40 chains to point   of    commence-
"mw. c_!SR!2352__j^»s
reliable, honest
i grade ge_>
_______       awtutmmyt.
National Sewing Machine G*»
S (\ v e
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly gab. cards—$3.75.
The following amounts received up
to date:
Previously acknowledged
Kive Clarion subs.	
Tolsl * »» -"-"
Forward all contributions to Provincial Secretary.
. o———■—
^^^^ r  aam —
Is not a riding In the Province that
could long withstand the assault that
could and would be mado upon It. It
Is up to you. Mr. Workingman. to do
your little part    and be d d quick
about It too, or every decent person in
the community will lose what little
respect they now have for you. Drop
Into the headquarters. SiS Cambie Stand make your contribution. It will
bo acknowledged In the following Issue of the Western Clarion and used
In a manner to get more squeals out
of the gang that lives by robbing you.
than   you   over      emitted   against   the
Hitherto tt Is questionable If all the
mechanical Inventions yet made have
lightened the day's toll of any human
being. They have enabled a greater
population to live the same life of
drudgery and Imprisonment, and an
increased number of manufacturers;
and others to make large fortunes. —
John Stuart Mill. It must remain
ever thus ao long aa the Implements of
Industry and the resources of the
earth continue to fuctlon as capita).
When the working class has arrived at
a stage of Intellectual development
that will prompt It to assume control of the means of production In Its
own behalf, every mechanical Invention will add to the sum of human
comfort and well-being by lightening
the burden of toil or increasing the
recompense of the toller.
The comrades of Local Claresholm.   .
Alberta, have decided that it will be , ^bbery In all your TO
. plesaur, a. well a. a **«••*_     ?__*___'*« .T^-i "fund of
'* helping hand to our comrades in
B. C. in their fight against capitalism
in the coming election.
At their last meeting they voted to
•tart a fund to be called the Alberta
Aid to B. C. Election Fund.
Two-thirds of thia fund is to be
placed at the disposal of the B. _•
Executive and one-third to be u*e-
for agitation in Alberta. Contributions to be sent to
J. J. Morgan, Dom. Secy.
5St Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. l»
Claresholm comrades    may   leave
iheir contributions with J. VV. VVoos-
ttr at the Tin-Shop, Claresholm.
Stavely comrades may leave theirs
wUh Lee Hewitt, Bands Store, Stavely.
The forces of capitalism will no
doubt be concentrated in an effort to
stamp out Socialism in B. C, where
our comrades have won such s^na'
victories in the past and given
promise of so much greater victories
in the immediate future. We, too,
•hotild therefore concentrate our ct-
forts in B. C. -that capitalism may be
given an effective blow.
We therefore call on all comrades
throughout Canada to do ss we are
doing. i.ocsls should lose no time
in appointing some one to receive
moneyi for this purpose. Unorganised comrades should send their con-
lribu*tions to the Dominion Secretary
Qit**t. „ .        .
This fight in B. C is our fight and
we should act and act quickly.
Yours for the Workers' Revolution,
Claresholm, Alts.      	
ready done for the campaign fund
Vancouver   l,ocal: U\^
1-revlously  acknowledged    134.00
(-"   Lalng 	
tleo. Nichols	
Per D. P. Mills
Irvine        M
Shut non
J. Woods	
Per It. P. Pettipiece
O, Haymner 	
A. J. Peterson  .v.
Con. Kentrlke    1.00
A. R. Stebbings  16.00
J. Kay         50
J. Uattery  SO
J. Ritchie ll***--'s___K      1.00
In  No.  404  of  the  Western  Clarion
our Nanaimo    correspondent.
^_^^^^ Arouse
Ye Slave*," was made to sny that the
Nnnalmo miners were digging coal at
68 cents a ton under n two-years' contract Into which they had been
wheedled by Mm-kenslo King nnd
Ralph Hmlth, while "the company Is
selling at the present time for as high
a price as |S per ton." It should have
read ISO per ton. It Is hoped the error
hns nut been noted by any of the company'*  stockholders.
Dr. Jusiiiti Strong, writing In the
North American Review for November. cKtlmutea the Industrial accidents
 '" -*"-*    year at
in tho United States In one yw»** »*
a\arWa\m » vou.d evidently be
ml. safer for the working people to
"ngago in war than to follow tho arts
of peace.
after alxty daya we Intend to apply
for a apcclal llcen*t> to cut and carry
•way timber on the following described In ml* In Rupert  Diatrlct:
1. Commencing at a poat about
two mtlea In a Southerly direction
from the head of Atluck lake, marked
"Imperial Timber _ Trading Company'*" 8. W. corner poat. thence N.
I BO chain*, thence E. 40 chaina, thence
S mil chaina, thence W. 40 chaina to
point of  commencement.
2. Commencing at the aame point
aa No. 1 marked the N. R. corner poat,
tin-nee S. 160 chaina, thence W. 40
chain*, tltence N. 100 chaina, thence E.
40 chaina  to  point  ot commencement.
3. Commencing at a poat about two
and a half mllea South Weaterly from
the head of Atluck Lake marked the
S. W. corner poat, thence E. 140 chains,
thence N. 40 chains, thence W. ISO
chaina, thence S. 40 chaina to point of
4. Commencing at the aame point
as Nn. 3 marked the N. W. corner
poat, thenco E. 80 chaina, thence a
so chain*, thence W. 80 chaina, thence
tN. 80 chaina to point of commencement.
5. Commencing at the aame point
im No. 4 marked the N. E. corner poat,
thence W. 1 Co chaina, thence S. 40
chain*, thence E. 160 chains, thence
!>!. 40 chain* to point of commencement.
6. Commencing at tho aame point
us No. 5 marked the S. E. corner poat
thence W, 80 chain*, thence "N. 80
chain*, thence B. 80 chain*, thence
S. 80 chain* to point of commencement.
7. Commencing at a poat about two .
niltea Weaterly  from the post on No. I
6 marked the S. W. corner poat, thence
K.   80   chains,   thence   N.     80     chaina,
thence   W.   80      chaina,   thenco   8.   80
chaina to point of commencement
8. Commencing at lho same point
as No. 7 marked the N. E. corner poat,
thenco 8. 80 chaina. thence W. 80
chains, thenco N. 80 chaina, thence E.
80 chaina to point of commencement
». Commencing at o poat about two
mill-* In a Southerly direction from tho
post on No. « marked the S. E. corner
East of the Northeast corner of sectiou St,
narked Southwest corner pott, thence Norm
ISS chains, thence East 40 chains, thence
South 100 chain*, ihence West to chain* to
point of commencement
4. Commencing at the same point as No.
S marked the southeast corner post, tbence
North 100 chains, thence West 40 chains,
thence South ISO chains, tbence Kast 40 chains
te point of coaamenccmeat
A. Commencing at a point about one-halt
male Weat from thc Northeast corner of tec-
tion 29, marked Southwest corner post thence
Noth ISO chaina, thence East 40 chains, tnence
South  160 chains,  tbence  West  40 chains  to
0. Commencing at the same point aa No.
6, marked Soul beast comer post Ihence North
ISO chaina, tbence Vicst 411 chains, thence
Sooth ISO chaina, tbence tast 40 chaina to
point oi commencement
T. Commencing at a point one-half mile
Eaat of tbe .Northeast corner of section S3,
Vp. 14, marked thc Northwest corner, thence
Sooth 160 chaina, thence tast 40 chains, thence
North 160 chaina, thence West 40 chains to
5. Commencing al the same point aa No. T,
marked the N. —, corner pott thence South
160 chaina, thence Weat 40 chaina, thence
North 160 chaina, thence East 40 chain* to
point ol commencement
S. Commencing at a point one-half mile
Weal of the N. W. corner of section 16,
marked Southwest corner post, tbence North
160 chaina, thence East 40 caatns, thence South
160 chaina,  thence  Weal 40  chaina to point
10. Commencing at the same point aa No.
0, marked the S. t. comer po*t, thence North
160 chains, tbence Weat 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence tast 40 chaina to
point ef commencement.
IL   Commencing it the tame point as No.
10, marked the N. W. corner post thence
Sooth 160 chaina. thence East 40 cliains,
tbence North 160 chains, tbence West 40
chains to point of coaaatencement
IS.   Commencing at the same point as No.
11, marked thc N. E comer post thence
South ISO chains, tbence Weat 40 chains,
thence North 160 chaw, tbence Eaat 40 chaina
IS. Commencing al tha Southeast comer of
Section SO, marked th* N. E corner post,
tbence South 160 chaina, tbence West 40
chaina, tbence North 160 chain*, thence East
40 chaina to point of commencement.
14. Commencing at the sain* point as No.
IS, and marked the S. E comer, thence North
160 chaina, tbence West 40 chains, thence
South ISO chaina, tbence East 40 chains to
point of commencement.
It.   Commencing a half a mile West of tbe
S. E corner of section 20, marked the N. E
comer pott,  thence Sooth 160 chains, thence
.   ..   -«_,__   .___.   tc™«k    IAS   chains.
liOKl   illl   no.   m Hi-" -»*■>.   •; »-«..«_   ur
post,  thence N.  80  chains, thsnos W.
Weal  40  chains,  thence   North   i.oo
thence East 40 chaina to point of commence-
16. Commencing at tbe same point as No.
IS, aaarked tbe S. E. corner post, thence North
160 chain*, thence Weat 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement
lf. Commencing at a point near the N. W.
comer of section 19, T'p. 15. marked N. W.
corner poat, tbence Eatt 160 chains, thence
Sooth 40 chains, thence West 160 chains,
North 40 chaina to point of commencement
18. Commencing at the S. E. comer of section IS, Tp. 14, marked the N. E corner post,
thence South 80 chaina. thence West 80 chaina,
thence North 80 chains, thence East 80 chains
to point of commencement.
IS. Commencing at the same point as No.
18, marked the N. W. corner post, thence
South 80 chains, thence Eatt 80 chains, thence
North 80 chaina, thence West 80 chains to
point of commencement.
tO. Commencing at a point one-half mite
Weal of tlie S. W. comer of tectlon 20,
marked the N. W. corner poat, thence South
ISO chaina, tbence East 40 chaina, thence North
ISO chain*, thence West 40 chains to point of
tl. Commencing tt the tame point as in
No. SO. marked the N. R. corner post thence
South ISO chains, thence West 40 chains,
tbence North 160 cliains, thence Eaat 40 chains
to point of commencement
SS. Commencing at the aam* point at In
Ne. SI, marked the S. W. comer poat, thence
Noth US ckaloa, tbence Eaat 46 -■••i— t-mee
37. Commencing at a point about
one mile S. of the S. W. corner of
section 22 marked the _. E. corner
poat. thence W. 80 chains, thence N.
80 chaina, thence E. 80 chains, thence
_. Ml chaina lo point of commencement.
28. Commencing at the same point
us }>'o. 37 marked the N. W. corner
poat. ihence S. 160 chaina, thence E. 40
chains, thence N. 160 chaina, thence
W. 40 chains, to point of commencement.
39. Commencing at the same point
oa No. 38 marked the N. E. corner
poat. thence S. 160 chains, thence W.
40 chaina, thence N. 160 chains, thence
E. 40 chains to point of commencement
40. Commencing at a, point near
the S. W. corner ot Section 21 marked the S. E. corner poat. thence N. 80
chaina, tbence W. 80 chains, thence S.
SO chains, thence E. 80 chains to point
of commencement.
41. Commencing about one mile N.
from the N. W. corner of Section 17
marked the S. E. corner pc-kt, thence
N- 80 chaina, thence W. 80 chaina,
thence S. 80 chaina. thence E. 80 chaina
to point of commencement
42. Commencing at a point about
one mile S. of tbe S. E. corner of Section 20 marked the S. E. corner poat
thence W. ICO chaina, thence N. 40
chains, thence E. 160 chaina, thence
S. 40 chaina to point of commencement
42. Commencing at a point about
two mllea S. of the S. E. corner of
Section 19 marked the 8. W. corner
poat, thence N. 80 chaina, thence E. 80
chaina, thence W. 80 chains to point
of  commencement
44. Commencing at the same point
as No. 43 marked the N. W. corner
poxt. thence S. 160 chains, thence E.
40 chaina, thence N. 160 chains, thence
W. 40 chains to point of commencement.
45. ' Commencing at a point about
two and a half mtlea S. of the S. K
corner ot Section 24 marked the N. E.
corner poat. thence W. 160 chaina,
tt>.-in.. S. to chaina, thence E, 160
chaina. thence N. 40 chains to point
of  commencement
46. Commencing at a point near the
S. W. corner ot Section 22 marked the
N. W. corner post, thence 8. 80 chaina.
thence E. 80 chaina, thence N. 80
chaina. thence W. 80 chains to point
of commencement.
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, December
13th,  1906.
r,T'J!_uY_F;:.v.i >;
-w       .    tS~Fbi_tne—i ot	
Sagiaeetsand other* who re»U*e Uw t
ity ef having their Patent business ti
by Expert*.   Preliminary advice tree,
taodente. Oar l-vatar'a Adviser atatopasi
r-roe»t alari-a*Marino.NewYorkUfeSfifc
Montreal: and Washington, D.C, U.SJL
For tbe
Having been authorized If
tke publishers ef tke Western
Clarion te receive sens at Ike
regular rate—$1.00 per fear
and apply one nail of all Money
received to tbe Central Campaign Fund, yon are earnestly
requested to assist in sweOing
this fund by sending yoor soke
direct to me. Otker renovate
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less tnan one year.
Yeurs for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, 0. C
f _,'«
United Hatters of North America
W ____-_— wh.n  vou  are buying a  FUll H__f MS tS tt
When you are buying a
that the Gen ulne Union Label la **w*4 Is It,
s retailer has loose labeta ln his pussss '
otters to put one ln a hat for you, do not
blm. Loose labela in retail stores are om
The genolns Union Label la perforated oa fsttr
edge*, exactly the same as a postage Stamp. Co*m-
tsrfelU ars aoms times perforata* oa three adam
and soma tl mss only on two. John aX Stetson Os*
ot Philadelphia. Is a non-union
JOHN A. MO WWtTT, Preoldenl,
MARTIN IiAU'IiOR, Secretary, 11
Mew York.
». 9.
'   I
-»r OLAMOH.    TAiawm
tUL-TJ-tOAt ..u «*Ar*TO ART 8, lW.
•"•::■ *rV=
Ddlted \jy B. P. PI-IT1P11PC*B. to whom all oorrespondenqp tor this department should be addressed.        •
The present political campaign In
British Columbia reveals at least one
thin* to students of the provincial
situation. And that ls this, that sociallat sentiment and the movement
Itself Is altogether out of proportion
to the crystallaeil movement
The nsed of better organisation Is
keenly felt at thla Ume In many ridings. While probably a dosen Locals
aro alive, and up-and-dolng, there are
many points at whch more systematic
organisation work must lie carried on
ln future.
There has been plenty of speaker*,
possibly, during the past year,, but
not sufficient concentration of effort
on organisation work.
Vila Provincial Executive for 11*07
must bend every energy to this end
during the coming year or two. A
permanent organiser must be made
available it ths desired results aro to
be achieved. Ono good working Loom la f&r better than half-a-dozen
speeches and no organisation.
It Is sometimes contended that when
ths time comes for organisation the
workera will instinctively get together
and do things.    s
This may be partially true; but experience would seem to indicate that
where a good live socialist takes hold
ln a diatrlct and proceeds to build up
a Local the most effective work is
If we cannot have a permanent organiser in tbe field—through lack of
funds—then let us drop a revolutionist or two at every weak point (If a
Job can be secured) to carry on the
agitation, and see that the worker-
are kept fully Informed of the many
significant events now transpiring
throughout the capitalist world. '
Every campaign brings with it lessons for socialists—and this one will
be ao exception.
That the members of the 8. P. In B.
C. have profited by past experience
will be amply borne out on Feb. 2nd.
The eyes ot those who are watching
the world drama of the on-coming
march of the revolutionary working-
class now turn to British Columbia.
The Legislature has been dissolved,
and an election will be held on February 2nd, nominations taking place on
January ISth.   The workmen cf B. C,
Qoldfleld, Nev., Dec 20.—Despite the
efforts of the leaders 6f the Western
Federation of Miners, lt ls beginning to
look like a strike of the miners ln
Qoldfleld, Nev., cannot be averted. The
big mine-owners of the state, urged
on by tlio Mine Owners' Association of
Colorado, are growing moro and more
belligerent hi their attitude toward
tho Western Federatln of Miners, and
unl.-ss they change their course, tt la
not improbable that a crisis will be
reached ln a short time. If the members ot the miners' union are forced
to strike, the other workmen of Gold-
field and Tonopah, affiliated with the
Western Federation of Miners, will also lay down their tools, and the tte-up
will be ..complete. In that event martial law will probably be declared, and
an Interesting program wil be Inaugurated by the state.
Qoldfleld and Tonopah are peopled
largely by the miners who were deported from the Cripple Creek district,
ln Colorado, In the spring of 1904.
These men are all high-class workmen,
and mentally and physically they are
the very flower of the American working class. They believe in and demand
high wages, short hours and good conditions of toll. They are generous-
hearted and broad-minded, and are
typical of the great spirit of the growing, golden West. They stand for a
square deal, In both theory and practice, and they are quick to champion
the side of right when brutal might
would show its Iron heel.
Heretofore, these men have resorted
to the orderly processes of the strike
when, lt became necessary to defend
thler rights, and when tbe military
power of the state was used to break
tho strike, they bowed ln humble obedience to the law. This was exemplified
In 1904, when they permitted themselves to be disarmed, bull-penned and
deported from Colorado. In the Cripple
Creek strike they followed the advice
of their national officers, Moyer and
Haywood, by turning the other cheek
wben smitten by the Mine Owners' Association.
It is not likely that they will submit as unresistingly In the forthcoming strike as they did two years ago.
Tbey have been taught by experience
tbat mine owners show no mercy when
given the reins of authority. The memory of the Cripple Creek struggle lingers, and the marks of the bull-pen
and bayonet are eloquent reminders ot
the results of submission. Among
themselves, the miners are still generous  and  forgiving,   but    toward    the
thanks to the persistent work of agl  .
tation and organisation carried on by -*-**•■» Owners' Association they cannot
tha-Socialist Party ot Canada, are
. awake and watchful and are concentrating their forces and bending every
energy to the task of assaulting tbe
stronghold of capitalism ln that province—the legislature. The battle now
being waged in British Columbia Is
the aame battle which the working-
people througbottt the whole Dominion
will havs to engage In with equal ear-
neotneee and determination in the near
future, in order that labor may assert
its right to five as befits intelligent
human beings, and not aa the wage-
alave adjuncts of capitalist Industries.
Let ertary workingman and woman to
whom this knowledge comes give of
their substance what they can mare
to help pur B. C. comrades in • this
U tight, confident that every dollar contributed will lend force to the blow
widen is aimed at the heart ot this
tyrant called capital, under whose re-
gtme all that is high, all that is good,
alt that is honorable, decent, honest or
fair is degraded, dishonored and de-
banehsd; and by whose blighting rule
later, whose skill and industry creates Wealth in aa abundance never
i "Ifjflia. he-tore In the world's history,
Is mid ss an article of merchandise in
a yftor market-that immense sues
pen; of modern times—from which the
and - flower of the sons and
t pt tho working class are
and their Uvea and their
'and their hspplness ground
up tnta.profits and every virtue which
sbo&d _e ihe heritage ot a free people
_- made a. thing of vulgar barter and
exchange on thc bargain counters in
thn great empire of capital.
Let every man who believes that human society should rise to a higher
aad. better plane—or at least beyond
thi* present stage known aa capitalist
ohrHUetto* which has for Its sole and
only purpose the robbery of labor—
glvsvald in every way possible to the
B. q. Socialists, and then if you put
your ear to the ground you are sure
to catch an echo from this latest field
when the forces of the great class
war are grimly looking in each others
eyes and measuring each others
strength and where the working people are putting up a "scrap" that
should prove an Inspiration to us all.—
Proletary, ln Winnipeg Voice.
but entertain hatred. If the mine,
owners ot Nevada force a strike and
attempt to use the military, they will
find themselves up against a different
proposition to tbat which confronted
the Mine Owners' Association of Colorado In MM.—Appeal to Reason.
The only peace at all possible between capital and labor can only
come through the meek and abject
submission of the workers to the dictates of their masters. Such a peace
can never be realised so long as a
spark of manhood remains In the
workers' breast. When smitten upon
one cheek, to turn the other ln order
that It may receive a similar swat,
may be very beautiful to talk about in
times of peace. When war clouds
hover o'er the scene, however, it Is
folly. The chronic situation between
capital and labor is that ot war. Tactics more ln harmony with the situation must be adopted. When your
enemy swats you upon one cheek, lf
you are wise you will strike him back
in such a way, if possible, as to put
him. out of business before he gets a
whack at the other one. If you
are extremely wise you wtll strike
first As the poet says:
"Twice armed is he who hath his quarrel Just,
But trebly so who gets his blow In
Four million persona starving to
death in China; as many more in
British India; two million on the
verge of starvation In England; more
than two million ito Japan; thousands
anl* ■' theusiinii Ita 'V***"**-*"**-*'' Am*
aril* 'eking oat P, miserable existence
and less; and the melees of the whole These are matters of great import to
•'etvtMsed'' world In turmoil and econ-
omle uncertainty. And all this, and
pun%because of the stupidity of the
vfe-tttm*. ho long as the Means of life
are used 11 make profit there can be
"«a BhsOe,' "Re-form "*» Wo, a thousand.*tf_«nn.«ol Abolition of capltsf
and restoration to tham^fhm do tha
world, work.    Only th«
VERNON, B. C, Dec. 24.—The political pot bas been boiling merrily here
lately ss a result of the visit of Pre
mier McBride to this bprg. To the
music of brass bands a feast was in
dulged In, with lots ot "boose" to
wash down the more solid matter.
Some of the local Tories, after filling
themselves to repletion with the good
things provided, came to the conclusion that the entertainment cost the
local member quite a little wad. In
tbls they are much mistaken. The
working mules of the country pay the
cost of these little entertainments aad
in filling their stomachs at what >**•-
pears to be the local members' expense they of course vote him a "Jolly
good fellow," while he cannot but consider tbem as dead easy".
The subjects discussed at the banquet were the usual stale old back
numbers that have already been worn
threadbare through long and bar-
usage. *The good points of Sir 3. A.
McDonald, the building of the C. P.
R., the "old flag," the "old policy,"
and other equally weighty and patriotic matters were    mightily discussed
the working mule as anyone can readily sse.
The meeting following the banquet
In which the Liberal nominee took
part, was exceedingly Interesting, Tbe
brass band played tbe usual airs Incident to, such Important occasion*.
Bouquets were tossed about with the
grace and abandon peculiarly oba-ttt-
tertsttc  of the  capitalist  political hybrid.
The local member was cute. He did
no talking upon any "public" question
except that of Provincial Irrigation of
land. This, of course, met with the
hearty approval of those who had Just
experienced the joy of having their
Interiors Irrigated at what they supposed was the local member's expense. Their enthusiasm somehow
seemed to have more or less boating
In a confirmatory way upon lhu theory
of. "economic determinism" that la ao
pestiferously promulgated by the socialist disturber and agitator. This is
not only, brought to mind by the recently-irrigated Interiors referred to,
but also by the recollection that the
local member owns lots ot land, very
thirsty land at that. The Liberal nominee took part tn the discussion and ln
a masterly spasm lasting one hour
and twenty minutes, broke the world's
record at saying nothing of any importance to the working class and of
very little even to labor skinners
themselves. This gentleman's lack ot
profundity could not be completely
hidden by even an hour and twenty
minutes of verbosity.
Of course Comrade Hawthornthwaite came tn for the usual amount
ot attention accorded him by the
Liberals, more especially when he is
not around. Knowing his modest and
somewhat unassuming nature their
delicate tact In heaping enconlums of
praise upon him for his unswerving
loyalty to the working class, when he
ia not present to be embarrassed
thereat, is commendable Indeed. Abuse
and vtlllficaUon hurled at the socialist
members by the political henchmen of
the present system can only
be considered by sane workingmen as unimpeachable evidence that such members have been
unswerving In their loyalty to the
working class. They need no further
recommendation. The way these Liberals squeal about Hawthornthwaite,
especially when he ts not present,
would rather lead to the suspicion that
bis position is too sound, and his ability to defend it too pronounced to suit
their fancy. Under such circumstances
a pitiful squeal Is the only argument
tbey can put up.
The Premier came in for a "good
speech," from a Conservative standpoint. Not a word was uttered ln regard to the measures brought Into the
House by the socialist members.
Worklngclass interests were strictly
"tabooed" and not allowed to Intrude
their bated presence into this "feast
of rcasbn and flow of soul." By this
wise course the harmony of the meeting was preserved throughout.
I have been for some time more or
less muddled over this "better terms"
Issue and have come to the conclusion that the only better terms the
worker can be Interested In under
capitalism are -shorter working days,
weekly pay-days, sanitary and safety
regulations for mills and factories,
and matters of similar Import. These
terms cannot be exacted until we as
socialists obtain control of the parliaments at Victoria and other places.
Until that Is accomplished the terms
forced upon us will quite likely be of
an opposite nature.
The Salvation Army advance agent,
Coombs, was here and gave a spiel recently. The Board of Trade raised
the usual cry of a "scarcity of labor,"
and the decision was reached that the
Okanagan country should receive a
share of the Imports to be brought Into British Columbia by this firm ol
slave dealers. It ls worthy of note
that br*th the Liberal and Conservative candidates endorsed this scheme
by occupying seats upon the plaform
at Coombs' meeting. The alleged understocked condition of the J_bo|*
market is not satisfactory to employers hereabouts and any relief brought
by Coombs and his concern will quite
properly be considered as a heavensent blessing.
A lot of wage-earners applauded the
scheme. Later on wben the market
becomes overstocked with victims,
and the price (wages) drops, these
suckers will wonder what has struck
them. The only thing liable to start
them thinking is a good Jab in the
stomach. There ls where their brains
are located anyway. Cheaper labor
must be obtained, and It will be if
such a thing Is possible. Such a thing
Is not only possible but Inevitable so
long as the present system stands.
That Is one reason why every working
mule should give the political parties
of capital their loyal support; of
course! C. H. L.
llirilll-it Words or Russian Revolutionist Who Iteueutly Escaped
From -Iberia.
Gregory Qei-shunl. the Itussiun rev-
luttonlst, who recently eseuped from
Siberia, delivered an address at Carnegie Hall Friday evening, Dec. 14, to
un audience thut packed tbe building.
It ls estimated that 3,500 people listened to the speaker, who spoke In Yiddish and Russian.
After speaking a few minutes the
audlcnco rose at the request of Comrade Qershunl und stood with bowed
heads while the orchestra pluyed a
Russian funeral march In memory of
thoso who have died for Russian freedom. At the conclusion of tho address
a collection was taken up which, with
thu door receipts, made a total of nearly H,00Q for the Russian revolution.
Following ls a summary of Comrade
-tTshunl's  address-.
"Friends,—I huve come from a land
where they labor much, but eat little;
where liberty I.s but little enjoyed, but
where muny die for Its sake.
"Bitter Is the cup that has fallen to
tbe lot of the Russians. Lust year
under the pressure ot the Indignation
and opposition of the whole land, tn
fear of the terrible advance of tho
laboring masses and revolutionists, absolutism receded and surrendered. Rut
the revolting laboring class would not
be satisfied with the worthless crumbs
which the Tzar's government and tho
upper bourgeolse were rcttdy to throw
to the famished and exhausted people.
The laboring class said: 'Wc shall not
yle!d**the country's Inteerst In return
for a farthing sop All freedom to
the whole nation; all tbe land to all
who labor!' Such  was the watchword.
'The Tsar's government rushed to
their foreign conferee. Save us for
the sake of your own interests,' It said.
The victory ot the Russian working
class over us will give wing and fire
to the hearts of workingmen In Western Europe and America. The fragments of our throne will reach you tn
their flight and may shatter yours as
well.' The bourgeolse ot Western
Europe understood the danger and the
European crocodiles—held out the
bund of help to their Russian colleague.
"'Liberty loving Europe* gave Russia the gold, nnd with it were bought
rifles to shoot down thc Insurgent
laboring cluss.
"Friends! The Russian people, torn
by thc beak and talons of the two-
headed eagle. Is struggling to solve thc
greatest social problems. This struggle is waged to the whtsslng of the
Tzar's bullets, the thundering of cannons, the roaring of the flames that devour villages burned by Cossacks, the
groaning of assaulted women, the
screaming of tortured children. And
however awful this hell, the atruggle
will be given up by the Russian people
only when on the ruins of lawlessness
and exploitation will be set op the banner of liberty and labor. Or else—the
Txar's government will turn the land
Into a barren desert
"Tlie struggle Is carried on by means
which often disconcert staid Euro-
pi ana and Americans. But were those
Europeans and earn-dully you Americans to live under the unbearable pre**
of Russian dusputlKni, were they to
keep up the struggle aguinst the Russian imperial regime, they would say:
Alas, ihis Russian people! Mow
patient, how i rlminally patient and
criminally soft hearted with this monstrous hand uf murderer* calling themselves a government!' The Inventive
American would get means a hundred
limes more powerful, with which to
sweep off the earth this r-hatne
upon mankind—the Russian Imperial
"Friends! The cause of the Russian
revolution is the cause of democracy
In all lands. I ask you tn the name
of my brethren fighting In Russia: *Is
It possible that wc stand alone In our
revolutionary struggle? Is It possible
that the American people will not lend
us a helping hand?'
"To-day you will answer me:
'Friends! Np, you are not single-handed; here ts our brotherly hand!' And
with your gold we shall buy guns and
bullets and shall storm the stronghold
of Russian despotism. Else your great
ancestors, the * Jefferson*, the Washington*, the Franklins and the Lln-
colns, will say to you: 'Tou have betrayed liberty—you are not the children of free America !* "
Bight or ten other speakers representing various labor organisation*
ahd revolutionary societies, also spoke.
Another meeting waa held Sunday
night nt the Academy of Music. Hundreds were turned away and about
•8,000 realised for the Russian cause.—
New Tork Worker.
On the date below a special meeting of the Ymir Miners' Union was
called to discuss ways and means to
cary on the coming campaign. Bro.
Pat Daly was unanimously elected aa
chairman and In a few well-chosen
words laid the situation plainly before
the meeting, and Invited all the members to express their views. The subject waa then discussed at length,
after which the following motion whs
carried without a dissenting voice.
Moved and seconded that ws, tha
members of Tmlr Miners' Union
pledge ourselves to support, financially and otherwise, a Socialist Party
candidate for the Tmlr riding.
Dec. ts, l»06. Sec.
agreement entered Into by the various
competing concerns with the object-
common to alt trusts—of restricting
output and arbitrarily fixing prices
for oil. That Standard Oil trust broke
and collapsed, from causes which are
Inherent In trust organisation Itself,
and causes which will eventually destroy all such petty combines, which
are so numerous in small Industries
to-day. Briefly the cause is that the
strength of such an organisation Is
only the strength of the weakest unit
composing the chain, to put It figure-
attvely. The arbitrary setting of a
selling price for oil at a figure that
would adequately compensate the
smallest and most wastefully run oil
producing plant, naturally invited la-
to the Held new capital to exploit this
Industry nnd which by bigger and belter organisation could produce more
economically. Thi* and other causes
broke up the trust feature of oil production.
But out of Its ruins rose the Standard Oil Company, which organised the
oil production of an entire continent
on ti scule so gigantic that no small
producer can stand up In competition
with ll. The price ot oil I* not arbitrarily fixed, as many suppose, by the
management of that Industry at any
figure they may take a notion to set It
at. The products aro put on the market and sold at the price that market
Itself warranta, and the dally fluctuations In thc quoted prices is sufficient
proof of thi*.
Some of our trad* union brethren
are loud In their denunciation of trusts
bul It would be well for them to carefully examine the ground they occupy
themselves. Wo are of the opinion
thnt lf the principle of the suppression
of all forms of trusts were consistently
carried out, by the power of government, the trade and labor unions
would look like a banana peeling after
It had been run over by a freight
train, and the great capitalist Ind-^i-
trle* would be In a stronger position
than ever.
The central or basic principle of a
labor union Is lhat It Is n combine
of sellers (of labor power) to raise
price* (wages). However, tt Is neither
likely nor necessary that the govern-
ment need take a hand In their suppression, as even now. In times of
"prosperity." they are fighting for life
with a desperation quite suggestive M
a death struggle, and at the next pronounced »lump tn the demand for
labor-power, they promise to tall to
piece* even a* other organisation*
have which were erected on the shifting sands of fal*e economic premise*.
-Proletary, in Winnipeg Voice.
eral times with a pocket knife, .„„
the wouhds did not prove sen0u*
Storey was then charged with uisuult
Ths righteous Judge, apparently in.
spired; gave Storey a roasting |n
court, and Wiley had to put up moi)
ball; the ball waa at one* paid by Mr
Stockett, and Wiley left town with ari
Introduction In hia pocket. The next
day Storey, the only gentleman of tha
whole outfit, married the girl nnd
gave her and her child an honorable
standing. Mr. Stockett, through hi*
satellites, has Informed Storey that
the "Western Fuel Co. has no further
use for htm."' It will thus be *,.,.,,
that no mensy Is accorded to anyone
who Inadvertently crosses the ignobl*
path of the company ansak, ami that
full protection Is given to the basest
coward—provided he works in the
company's Interest.
N'ow'h the day and flow's tlie hour.
See the front of battle lour.
See approach proud Dunsmtiir'* pow.
Chains and slavery!
Wha will be a traitor knave,
Wha can fill a coward's grave,
Wha sae base aa be a slave,
Let him turn and flee.
Whs for labor's king and law.
Freedom's sword will strongly draw,
Freeman stand or freeman fa'
Let him on wl 'me!
By oppression*, woes and palna.
Ily your sons In servile chain*,
We wtll drain our dearest veins.
But they '.HALL be free.
Lay the proud usurpers low.
Tyrants fall In every too.
Liberty's In every blow;
Let us„dr>—or d*e.
As Ralph Smith and lhe party to
which he belong* have abandoned all
claim* to being called an "Independent I_il>or Party." we respectfully tax-
gest that the name of the pany b*
(banged to that of the "Cheap Latmr
, Party," slid thus bring deserved honor to Its lusty champion. Ralph, who
was the first of the party to •-m-
phastse the needs of "cheap tabor"
In this "Canada of ours."
It is said that of the 700,000 people
lohabitatlng the East End of London,
but one hundred and eighty families
ll<,e In private houses. Socialism will
not have much ot a Job In destroying
tbe-home in that quarter.
In Ood we trust," Is a motto Inscribed on the American sllvor dollar,
to which some wag has coupled the
phrase "all others cash." Webster defines a trust as "an organisation formed to regulate the supply and price
of commodities." The word trust as
applied to modem capitalist Institutions is erronlously used to mean such
huge aggregations of capital as trie
Standard Oil Compawny, the United
States Steel Corporation, or, coming
nearer home, the Canadian Pacific
Railway. These Institutions, to a large
extent may enjoy a monopoly In thc
production of certain goods, such as
oil or steel, or transportation over
certain territory, still it docs not follow that they are by their nature
trusts, although commonly culled such.
The distinguishing feature ot a trust
Is that It is a combination of what
were before individual, competing concerns for the purpose qf either limiting the output or of pooling receipts.
It Is against these combinations which
the so-called anti-trust laws are mostly directed. But tt Is safe to say that
to-day the trust movement Is more
often the resort of the small capitalists
than tho great capitalist concerns of
whom the three mentioned above are
classic examples.
In Uie early days of tho oil Industry
ln America oil was produced by numerous scattered and competing concerns. This state of things lusted until! the supply of oil products greatly
exceeded the demand, when an Industrial [crisis resulted, manifesting Itself In ruinously low prices for oil
products. Out of this condition came
ths Standard OU trust, which was an
Nanaimo. B. C. Jsn. 1—-I see that
the Independent Labor Party of Victoria lias repudiated the Independent
Labor Party of Nanaimo a* not being
a part of thc Independent Labor I'arty
of Canada. H wauls repudiating. It
never was a labor party, and Haw*
thonithwalte found that out when he
became a member for Nanaimo City.
When he went to Victoria first as a
member he belonged to the tabor
party as then constituted In Nanaimo.
But he. noon found out that he was
amongst a gang of grafters and he re-
fused to <l« their dirty work In betraying labor. Ralph Smith and Dr. Mc*
Kcchnle wanted hlin to push through
a concession for pulp timber on the
northern coast, but he refused. They
threatened to unseat him If he didn't
follow Ihelr bidding. Then Hawthornthwaite called a public meeting
nnd exposed the whole scheme and
lor this Ralph went to the Company
and got him discharged from his employment They thought that they
v.oultl tie able to drive him out as he
merit to support his family, and his
family Isn't a tittle one as far as numbers go; but as luck happened the
municipality of Nana'imo was putting
In. a new pipe-line for the city and he
procured employment on It. At that
time the hours of work were nine
hours a day. Hawthornthwaite told
the men that he thought an eight-
hour day was long enough. The men
said that If he would champion the
cause that they would back him up.
So a public meeting was called and he
Invited the city council to attend.
There was quite a lot of opposition
from Ralph Smith's ctlque, but th*
question was put to a referendum of
the people and Hawthornthwaite won
out. So now the hours of labor for
municipal employees ar* eight hours
for five days a week, and six on Saturday*, with full pay for Saturday.
No other municipality of Canada has
got this far ahead.
Hawthornlhwalte's record In the
House t» well known In following out
this policy in the Interest* of labor.
It In now up to the workingmen of
HritiMh Columbia whether he goes up
against the marked deck again or not.
The Ralph Smith type carries the
marked deck in one hand and a bible
In the other, the Mcinnes type carries
a marked deck In one hand and a
bottle of booze in the other. The Socialist Party carries a clear deck and
gives n fair deal to all concerned.
Another example of the underhanded methods of the Western Fuel Co.
took place recently. It appears that
one of the companys' heelers named
Wiley had betrayed a young girl and
failed to make good his promise of
marriage. Ike Storey, another of the
company's employees, had taken the
girl out for n drive and Wiley stopped
the buggy on the road, he then out
the hnrncss and stabbed Storey sav-
Editor Clarion: Perhaps It will be
something lo encourage the comrades
lo know thst the next city eouncll nf
Bellingham wilt contain two socialist
comrades. F. A. Sells being elected
from the Snd ward. A change of 17
voles would have given the •!,<tl..ii
to Com. Robertson In lb* *th ward.
In the entire county we • a»i 11 I-4
per  cent.  Of  the   lolal  vote  •*<_'     In
Ihe   City  of  Mlolne    the   vote   »» I.
Rep. Iti: S. P. «4. Dem. 42. Ws x-
pect soon lo put out a new paper
which will help ii* a great ileal hare
In Bellingham. So you mav judge
that we are m»t asleep. Wishing all
«** mykdSS a "prosper-tiu*" N-w Veur, I
ir.nr. Wilson Street.
: Secssd Hud Osalsr;
A large and varied as*
sortment of il eater and
Cook Stoves, at bedrock prices.
Boom Chain, and loggers' Tools a Specialty.
New Iron Beds from
•*•«-> ap.
Hardware, Junk and Pumituie.
V-Mtlffl      VMCMvtr, 1.1.:
Hssd-Madt Boots asd abac* lo wrier I*
sll styles.   Brp*„ l»* pretaptly anil nest-
ly dose.    Stock  af staple rr*djr mult
•bass alway* oa hand
__»_ _».._■■..   -   . -^ _i.—.  M___g
sssv mmweammt mm.      m*mi n«s«
First Class Bar.       EsooHent It*********
Prices Moderate.
COKE is an excellent fuel for grates, hall  -stoves, furnaces and
cooking stoves, making a dean, bright ir* without smoke or dirt.
Vancouver Gat Gaatfany, Ltd.
.  .  .;     H


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items