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The Western Clarion May 26, 1906

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Array ..-BywiWUtrg     A
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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Mia     37*r.
subscription Pries  si ss
rem Vast 9I.UV
The Proletariat Must First Acquire Thorough Knowledge of
Capitalist Property and Its Scheme of Exploitation Before It Can Hope to Break Its Rule.
ir iin-i
Ih one thing Ot mora vital
than all  others to Insure
iMii»>.iiiii*-e^_^_^_^_^_^_, .
rorr'ect action upon the purt of the
working class I" Its struggle U> brenfc
',„,., from the thraldom of rapltullst
,,,,,--.  .-ind exploitation. It Is b thor-
,„„ ,j-.|»tundlng of lhe manner In
,. j. ih ml exploitation Ih effected ami
,,', -ettr_ SIM ft* carrying It on.
Then ire publications galore Issued
fol the purpose of arousing the work-
In,, l.|om to action. Agitators from u
thousand platforms ure pouring forth
,,.., . loqusniN wVh the same object
j,, view. TbS necessity of Indoctrinating the workers with the fundnmen-
- ,i  knowledge from which ulone eor-
,.., i   ,. 11.hi  ran  come, seems,  at  leust
iiojority of eases, to be entirely
overlooked. II I* 0* little use to at-
tempi to mouse the workers to throw
, n   Un   shackles  of   slavery   unless  It
...i   l ii   made     plain   lo   tbem
lhal ilaves ihey nre and In what man-
nd Uy what means ihelr slavery
,bll lied.     K   Is o<ily  by  flrHt u<--
ig   hi understanding of this that
ti ,    une   "f   ai-Uon   lending   to   their
,;. Il. -ranee is ITUKle  plain.
\    ch of what has !>een termed so-
•ItattOtl   ha«   hpan  <*arrlcd   or.
i", inK-rn province* of the  DOffi*
■ t  Canada   for    several   years
rcuit one would natttrallj
upc-cl  to  find    a  vigorous nml  dear
i movamsnl established. Com*
i.,-i c If. ii'Hiieii is now making a
t,.ui ^f the I'rovinci- .if Ontario in tits
"r.-.i,! «'. of the Socialist  Party of I'm-
Krom letters received from blm
[tears thai he Is constantly befog
ire uf (he fact  lhal  much of
ii,-   iii.   (i socialist agitation Indulged
rtugboQI thai particular territory
to say llu- least, of doubtful
In  splt>- of  Hie  fact  I hit   thb
region has bean deluged with alleged
1st   ;.'jlilli ation*.  nnd  Ihe   Wtlder-
i .- been mads tn echo with the
.   - 1.. i...- of sp.-ak"r« of national and
...! tot.—national ffiine. he llnds that
man... Ill Inl lhe vast majority, of
these lie imeis. and who consider
themst Ivi I Socialists, ure even yel
floundering  In   tha     bugs  and  <iulck-
in i-  ..r the   middle-class"    robbed*
consumer    philosophy,    as    0'-
Brli  i puis It. they fnncy  "when  they
eel  meat (hey nre robbed by lhe beef
IN"*!   snd 'f they use coal oil they are
ueked b) tbe standard." Just why
or how so many publications have
lieen sea tiered, la tiutr midst, and so
iiu'h oratorical wind has been blown
i-i   i, ii  Is ess,    without    lustring si
letsl i feil grains of economic fact
in   thin    wake   Is   doubtless   due   to   a
lack nf economic  knowledge on  the
i 0*1 -f both writers and wind-blowers.
The entire revolutionary movement
of Un   working class springs from the
a! thnt labor Is enslaved In the field
of Industry, and robbed of Ils product
"mil i   v, hat   is   known   as   the   w_se-
nyttetn.     Under   the   wage-system   the
worker  must     dispose    of  his  labor-
power in the market, as it commodity.
•-wiethlng  he  has  no  use  for  and
must sell In order lo be able lo pur-
ciisse   the   thim-*   necessary   for   his
■ustenanoe.   The things which spring
ii tu i xlstemi, as a result of Hie ox-
liendlture of his labor-power belong
I" Hn employer. Ihe piirrhiim-r of the
labor-power. These HiInK* I" turn become commodities stfiMi the owner
sells Iii the market, recouping himself
for tin- cusl of the labor-power and
retaining such balance an may obtain
as his profit out of the transaction.
Commodities, as a rule, exchange
'' "li each other according to the ne-
cessary labor-time embodied ln Ihelr
I iimIiii-Uoii. This holds us true of Hie
1 oiuinoillty labor-power us of any
other. If ths exchange vulue of the
products of labor was only equivalent
'■i the exchange value of the labors
l-ower expended no profit would result from hucIi a transaction. No
"surplus value" would remain after
Ihi) WsgC of lalior hud been paid.
Under such clrcumsluiic.en capital
could not exist, because capital spring
from, und feeds and grows upon,
' •ill-plus vnlue," I. e., from the difference between the value of lnbor-power
and the vulue of Its products.
If he who fancies himself robbed us
!l   consumer   would   auk   himself   one
Question  und    perMlst    in  finding the
answer his pet theory would vanlnh
•iml lie would llud himself confronted
by an altogether different conclusion.
■•'"i' Instance, he knows that oil possesses u-i  exchange  value.     This  expresses  Itself  In   whut   Is   termed   its
Price In the market.   This price does
"Ot   remain   nxed   but   fluctuates   up
and  down  according  to   the  clreum-
■slunces that surround  Its sale  from
'•me to tlmo.    This oil  ts the pr-jp-
"ty of the Htandard, let us assume.
Whether the price asked does or does
not  represent  its  cost   In   labor-time
"iii liut mtle figure ln the case.    It
'"Ing  the  property  of  the  Standard
surely thut concern Is Justified In asking whatever price It pleases, Just as
any person ls clearly within hlB rights
In  demanding his own  price  for his
"w-n property.    Now, let our robbed-
"**-" -consumer   friend    usk    hlmseir,
bow tho Standard came Into possession
Ingmeu In lhe employ of the Standard
and kindred concerns, and these
workers did not receive an equivalent
exchange value ln return. Tbey received the pBCtuUlge vulue of their
commodity labor-power which represents quite a different sum. The values remaining in Hie possession of the
' Sluiidunl." after lhe wugen »i-iv paid
leplem-nlc.l   the     extent     ,,f   the   ex-
ploitiition practiced by mis concern,
ami all of this exploitation fell upon
the wage-slaves who created the values and not upon those who may have
Consumed  the oil.     These  latter, oa a
rule, pay something at least approximating closely to lhe actual exchange
vulue of lhal which they purchase.
To assert thai the consumer Is robbed
is equivalent to    asserting thut the
purchaser of a watch, and not the one
from whom ll was Stolen, Is the person
if   the   wage-earner   could   bring
about some readjustment Of affair*
thai would compel Ihe merchant to
sell blm food, clothing, etc., cheaper
then in- n.is Inaugurated conditions
thai will lu turn compel him lo sell
his luboi-power for a correspondingly
lower price or wage. The competition
of laborers In Ihe market will fore.
the reduction to the cost of subsistence. 11 Is a well-known facl that the
prlSS of a commodity cannot be held
SbaVS Us true exchange value in lhe
fa»e of un overstocked market,
The producers of wealth are robbed
as prodttOi m, not as consumers.    Thoy
get   the   worst   Of   It   When   they   sell,
not when tlb-y buy.    When ihe wage
arncr sells his labor-power he gets a
and the "illustrious" Colonel Mar-
ehand goes to the second ballot with
small chance of election.
The characteristic feature of the election is the general tendency towards
the "left" towards progress.
"All the electors are not Socialists:
that would be too much to hope for,
but many have the Socialist sentiment. Few desire reaction and the peasants are far from being scared by the
"rod flag."
Thc deputies elected in Paris are:
Maurice Barren, Amlrnl Rienalme,
Peuch, Falllot, Uenolst, Pruohe, Le-
rolle, Sprouch. Denys Cochin, Maurice
Hinder, Georges Berry, Georges Berger, I/ickroy, Mlllerand, Messlmy,
Cbauvlere, Beauregard, Mlllevnye, Con-
tl, Brousse, Hembat, Rouanet, Mesller,
I'esplas, Grosjean, Bussat et Valllant.
The following go to the second ballot: Ijevlllc, Auffray, Colonel Mar-
chari'l, Tournnde, C'"'gy. Levraud,
Pascal, Orousset, Cardet, Btseg, chau-
lard, I.epelleller.  Koxlei' et I>ejeaute.
The standing   of  the   parties  up  to
date  is  as   follows:
Conservatives 7t
Nationalists  22
Progressists  70
Itepubllcan   left  63
ItadiculH  77
Radical Socialists  *->
Admiral Kousmltch, of St. Petersburg, iiliempted to prevent the workmen of that city from celebrating May
Day. He will never tackle the Job
again. The obsequies were conducted
according to the rites of the Greek
Detective McParland, Caldwell, Idaho.
Bill Miner arrested for hold-up of a
Canadian Pacific train recently. His
name alone ls sufficient to show that
crime was instigated by W. F. of M.
Get further confession from Orchard.
There seems to 'be no signs of a letup In the protest meetings held In
consequence of the Moytr-Haywood
affair. Money Is still being poured in
from ail quarters for the defence of
these comrades. Nothing must be allowed to divert the attention of the
workingmen throughout the length and
breadth ot the land from this case,
and Judging from what Is now transpiring, nothing  will.
The Dominion Executive Committee
of the Socialist Party of Canada sent
out nearly 15.000 leaflets dealing with
the matter of shutting the Appeal to
Reason out of the malls. The various
i-omrades   and  friends  to  whom  they
United Bociallrt Party M|_£» •«* W_-S*XSbJ2£-*S4o^
It Is reported that the NaUonall t minlon comes word tbat the protest
Deputy Millevoye, of Paris, broke his' a»ainst the arbitrary action of the
e.me over the head of the Count |v)8tal Department Is becoming more
Mathieu ds Noilles. Alio had atlack-1 w|ae-t?pread and emphatic. Keep lt
ed him iii the street because he refus-! up unui these political henchmen of
ed to fight a duel.   The time of these| fapltal are forced to pull ln their horns.
gentlemen Is generally worse employ-| __ —	
ed than In breaking each others| ..sltual|onB are approaching which
heads. -Translated from "L'Union ; '^ of phyg|cai necessity lead to cat-
Des TravalUeurs." by Sec. Morgan.     ' strophes,  unless    the    working class
 develops 'so   rapidly   In  power,   nam*
Monday.   May   14th,   was   celebrated |ber. culture and Insight that the bourns  International    I_ibor    Day  by  the   geols loses Its desire for catastrophes.
Some Candid Expressions of Opinion in Regard to High
Prices, the Lord's Day Appendicitis, the Decency of the
Aylesworth-, and Other Things.
workmen of Russia, that date being ! We are not seeking for a catastrophe.
May 1st, ai-cordlng to the Russian cal- j-of what use would It be to us_ calendar.    Every   factory  in   St.   Peters- jastrophes   are   brought   about  oy  ine
   .„  _  „ .burg  was closed, and 200.000 working- jruiing  classes.    Perhaps    an   aue,nj"
,.rice determined bv the condition and j men  and   women   took  part  In  public   may be made to suppress us by rn^ea^n
Circumstances "r the market obtaining! demonstration in behalf Of the Interna-   of    special    legislation.    But    i  an
at  that time.    That  price, in the face   tloniil solidarity of labor.    In every In-   many a comrade  In our  ranks ***■"
, f  a   well-sloekcl,     or     ov-r-iocke,! i duslrlal centre  throughout  the  empire   longing for  the day  when a  new        -
tabor market, ean represent no moral Stellar  demonstration  look  place.    In | criminative  law  Is t****oj*™J*l .
cxi-hune.. value of his labor-   trying to  prevent   the  naval   workmen jtrophes  arrive:   for WldW * •»  **
It   ,lf „ s-i from Joining In the demonstration, the   able to show what stuff they are maue
mm**miy.    n. oi rtcski m»ihi .miuuiK M, ,,„- ,„■„,„,,^,,a,,.,,,i ......   ....
■an be but a fractional part of j admiral of the Port of St. Petersburg of. And I hope I, too, will be with
oOhange valu*Of th* produotsotrsomebow or other got a knife in his iyou when the struggle breaks out
bor,  or the employer could not   heart.   He took no further part In the j afresh."—From Rebel's speech at Jena
than Hi
power aa a
ally,  can
the ex
Ills iai      	
afford Im employ him and in that case
he would have no Job and consequently no wages.
The farmer (wotkin**) does not sell
his lubor-fMiwer. He must first crystallize it into other commodities,
wheal, corn, cotton, etc., and pour
these things Into the market instead.
Capitalist property has i-uch complete Control of all avenues of Industry throush which the farmers' products must go on lln> way to the consumer lhat he Is compelled to accept
practically what the wage-earner receives for his commodity labor-power.
In (act in Selllpg his produce the farmer arrives In an Indirect way at
what the wage-earner reaches direct,
I. <-.. a bare subsistence In exchange
for lhe energy that he must perforce
expend ln the production of wealth.
Aa long as the producers of wealth
are led away With the Idea that they
sre robbed as consumers they will
logically SXpend their efforts In attempts to force the commercial pirates to dispose of their loot at a lowar
ptl<*e. From such a luck of under-'
standlm* no oth-r line of action could
sugsesi itself,   once they understand
how and whew- Ihe robbing ts really
perpetrated upon them, I. p.. In the
Held   of   wealth   production,   they   will
have acquired lhe knowledge that furnishes the basis for correct action
looking to their deliverance from the
galling yoke of exploitation. Once
they discover Ihey are robbed as producer** of wealth, the only course that
can sunuest lts.lf to thetn Is the program of the revolutionary proletariat,
which makes for the overthrow
of the rule of oapitaii.it property and
the assumption of the administration
of industry by tha organised working
class Itself, and In It* own Interest.
There has been altogether too much
loose talk and unsound publication indulged In In lhe name of socialism.
II Is high time both speakers and
writers took pains to inform them-
selves before goim; forth lo Inform
tiller heathen.
eremonles Incidental  to the  occasion.  Congress.
In the Persons of Moyer, Hayw ood and Pettibone the Working
Class of This Country Must Stand or Pall.
(Written r«>r So«"lalLst Voice.)
By Austhi Ia'wI*.
compel a fair trial it will lo tnai exieui nsn a.■_,.»_ ....   ..
9 of tbe American proletarian and halted for a moment thp trl-
The results just to hand, of tho first
ballot  nre most encouraging.
While the Increase ln the number of
Socialists properly so-cnlled. In the
Chamber of Deputies, bus not been so
great as might have been hoped for the
election hns been tt veritable disaster
for the forces of reaction nnd clericalism.
The results nre clear nnd definite.
"The electors have not allowed themselves to be Influenced by the hypocritical caresses of the reactionaries or
the paroxysms of terror affected by
the moderates, who conjured up before
them the spectre of civil wnr.
Even In the districts considered Inaccessible to new Ideas the people nre
thinking nnd acting on their thoughts,
ns for Instance in Brittany.
In the latter province, which has always been a stronghold of the church,
the Socialists elected out-nunibcr thn
Clericals. In the Cote du Nord the
Viscount du Hoscont. whoso family hns
been represented In Parliament from
time Immemorial, has been beaten by
a Socialist Radlcnl.
The  Nationalists  have  been   almost
If It can coinp**-l a fair trial it will lo that extent have arrested the downward course of tl^ American pro] "     '
umphant advance of the oligarchy.      _______________
lf Moyer and •he rest feel the vengeance of the greater capitalism it will
show that the oligarchy ls ready to deny to the working class not only the
rights of citlxensblp, but the elementary safeguards which have by common
consent been thrown around the meanest.
The course of the oligarchy has been marked out not only by a disregard
of the law. but by a violation of the simplest canons of ordinary decency.
Thero has been no attempt at cleverness, no astute legal attack upon the
rights of citizens, no redeeming sign of keen Intellect on the part of the
capitalist agents In this affair. It has been coarse and raw, dirty and diabolical.
The greater capitalism and Its legal representatives have simply by the
force of their political power garrotcd these men and with their hands upon
ihelr throats are now, unless they are stopped, prepared to choke them to
death, with no moro pretense of legal fairness than the footpad who throws
his arm round your neck from behind in a dark alley. A more outrageous
proceeding under the guise of ^aw was never perpetrated.
When the bourgeois class made Itsrovolution, lt protected Its advance by
certain   legal   enactments,     It set   up    In  the  countries  where   it    had   most
strongly prevailed two legal notions, the writ of habeas corpus and trial by
Jury. I
These w^re Intended to protect the courts from the undue influence exercised by lhe dominant aristocracy and to secure lhat most essential of all
social rights, a fair trial.
When the American bourgeois made Its revolution It retained these
two essential features of Anglo-Saxon Jurisprudence and considered them
as fundamental axioms of liberal, thut ls, non-absolutist government.
The bourgeois class has now become a controlling and tyrannical class,
nnd It can no longer contemplate the continued existence of limitations upon Its powers. Like tho declining absolutism of France, it clamors for bastilles and lettres de cachet. The forms of law are abhorrent to It. It sacrifices Its own legal notions. '
When the bourgeois cannot safely repose under 11b own law, It Is proof
that the hour of Its doom has come. It employs extra-legal mensures to
perpetuate Itself.    Like the Russian and every other despotlsn
  ... „t_tute. book.   It has made a beginning of
The Hon. Mr. Aylesworth ls a lawyer
and a cabinet minister at the same
time. Judges are appointed by the
Cabinet, yet Mr. Aylesworth still con-
tlnus to practice ln the law courts. A
good many people, not Socialists, think
that such conduct ls exceedingly indecent, if not downright Immoral, yel.
the honorable gentleman excludes the
Appeal to Reason from the malls on
the grounds of indecency and immorality, though he cannot point out a
single Indecent passage nor anything
half so Immoral as his own action In
pleading before Judges ln whose promotion he hus a voice. There appears
to be one standard at Ottawa for politicians and another for Socialist papers. The one for politicians 19 low,
very low.
•   •   •
There  is   hardly  an   Individual   who
does not  believe  that six  days'  work
per week Is sufficient for any person
and, indeed, most workers are one   In
the   belief  that  those  six  days  could
be shortened considerably     to     their
benefit.   It is one thing, however, for
all to have one day in seven    as a rest
from the monotonous grind for bread
and another for all to have their day
of  rest  upon one and  the same  day.
For all to rest on the same day turns
what should be a day of recreation and
freedom into  one of listless     loafing.
There are no means of locomotion, no
places of amusement, nothing to do but
loaf.   The pious find joy in going     to
church, but a goodly number of people
are not  pious  and  do  not  wish  to  go
Inside any such place.   The Lord's Day
Alliance ls an association of pious folk
very  anxious  to save us  from eternal
damnation,  but  more  anxious  still to
render the  weekly  rest day a day of
gloom.   In these days of supposed enlightenment  it  should not  be  possible
for a knot of fanatics to force a whole
people to conform to their idea of the
way in which the first day of the week,
which they call  the Sabbath, should be
kept.    These  genial  folk  take  no account  whatever  of the  beliefs of the
people they are endeavoring to coerce,
but trusting to the politicians' fear of
the religious vote are bound to make
the Canadian Sunday as gloomy a day
as possible.    If successful it will be a
serious Infringement of that individual
freedom       of       which       our       dear
bourgeois masters tell us so much, but
which Is never allowed to stand In the
way of their interests.
upon. The rebullders of San Francisco
will still, for the most part, live in
cheap buildings too frail to withstand
anything but the slightest shocks, while
those who toll not neither spin will live
In the utmost security attainable, and
this because they own the means
whereby the workers must live. Their
ownership has been legalised by themselves and proclaimed sacred. .Let us
obtain the law making power and legally transfer the ownership of the means
of life from the present owners to the.
working class. It Is much to be feared
that the capitalist reverence for legality will disappear under those circumstances, z
•   •   s
It is generally supposed that the
trusts are solely responsible for the upward tendency of the cost of living
during recent years. They may be responsible to some extent, but there ls
a great factor generally overlooked,
the increased supply of gold. This Increased supply is due by no means
to an Increased number of miners, but
to the Increased productiveness of the
fields worked. Alaska and the Yukon
are responsible for this Increase. There
Is now more gold produced by the same
quantity of labor than formerly, consequently the value of gold has fallen,
It now takes more gold to buy the same
quantity of goods than it did before
the increase in the supply of gold. According to Collier's Weekly the low
point in the cost of living between 1890
to 1906 was reached ln 1897, after several years of depression. Returning
prosperity caused prices to rise but
there was, and is, also another factor,
the increased supply of gold. In 1896
the world's production of gold was
S202.SS1.600. In the next three years It
increased 60 per cent., to SS06.T24.100. In
1904 it was t346,s»2,200. and it has been
steadily increasing ever since. The increase has been especially rapid In the
United States. The gold mines of that
country produce 180,000,000 a year, almost all kept at home. In the six years
ending with 1906. almost $400,000,000
were added to the stock of money In
j the United States. Small wonder prices
have risen. SPARTACUS.
In explaining what an atom ls. Lord
Kelvin uses several pages of space in
the Philadelphia Magaxine. A picture
of Canada's Postmaster-General would
have  done  the Job better.
of the exchangi* value represented by
Us stock of oUT   If he presses for nn i    *■•«J^"""""heA General _ur_nfire
nnswwr he will flpd thnt It hns been' comp^tely cmshe . wra ^
ucated in Its entirety by the work- nnd Marcel Hufcit nave
  nd every other despotism, It has seised
the sword and thrown away the statute book. It has made a beglni '" ~*
Us own undoing and will perish by the sword which lt has Itself tnken.
The denial of law by the capitalistic class means the use of that which
ts not law, the Introduction of anarchy nnd disorder Into the state, the
social disintegration which always marks the close of an era. The bourgeois is desperate.   THE SOCIAL REVOLUTION  IS  NOW  UPON US.
The last few weeks have exposed the whole scheme so completely that
It would bo simply waste of time to enter   at   length   upon   this   particular
We all know now tbat Moyer, Haywood and the rest were dangerous to
the capitalistic Interests and that this was tbe reason for their arrest.
We know that the governors of Colorado and Idaho are the mere tools
of the capitalists, the paid puppets who violate their constitutional oaths,
und are prepared to do murder for the pay and position which their masters
give  them.
We know that the press ls bought up and the abject slave of the capitalistic Interests, nnd that the Hearst press, which ls rich enough to be Independent, did not Interfere until the feeling of the Atnerloan proletariat
wns  unmistakable. ,
We have loarned that the whole of the atcusatlons against the men
rest upon the tbstlmony of a dissolute detective nnd a crazy, self-confessed
homicide. i
Wo have learned that the case against the men Is absolutely ludicrous. I
Hut that will not Interfere with tht r being murdered If the prosecution
can pnek the Jury. And that the prosecution will do that if possible, Is admitted. They will not be granted a fair trial unless the working class compels that they have a fair trial. i
Hut whatever happens, thla Is already obvious—that the capitalistic
class no longer Intends to rely upon Its own law. Even that ls not sufficiently serviceable for It. It ls ready to deny Its law and to employ extra-legal
and  even  Illegal methods. )
Philosophers tell us that money
cannot buy happiness, but experience
shows that it can go a long way towards doing so. The following despatch shows that If monew cannot obtain freedom from pain lt can at least
smooth the path and make the chance
of recovery from sickness the best within  the power  of mortals.
"St. Paul, -_mn„ May 8. — (Special)
—Mrs. George F. Slade, wife of General Superintendent Slade of the Great
Northern Railway, arid daughter of
President J. J. Hill, lies in an extremely critical condition as the result of
an operation for appendicitis. The utmost care is being taken to obviate
noises in the vicinity of her home. The
block of Summit Avenue, where Mr.
Slade's home is situated, has been roped
off and travel diverted Into other
streets. Policemen stand guard and
patrol the neighborhood to prevent the
barking of dogs, cries of peddlers and
other street turmoil. A bed of sand
six inches deep has been laid on the
avenue in front of the house to deaden
the sound of vehicles."
Thus does the power of money forbid even the use of the streets to the
community without the formality of
asking the consent .of those most
concerned. The services of the police
are even requisitioned by the daughter of the "greut" Hill, and dogs must
remain dumb under pain of becoming
nc<iunlnteu with the club of a brutal
policeman. To have money Is to carry
a great burden, if we are to believe the
apologists of the plutocrats, but It
seems to be a burden that makes the
path of life wonderfully smooth. The
talk about "sacred trust" and "duties
of wealth" is all rank hypocrisy. The
owner truts to keep his wealth and
makes it his duty- to see that It is safely Invested, so safely that there Is no
danger of his having to do any honest
work for his subsistence.
There are said to be 2,000 cars on
the tracks of the Southern Pacific
Railway loaded with goods to replenish the stocks destroyed in the recent
disaster. Doubtless many carloads are
on the way by other roads. The pro-
modern tools of industry is sufficient
to make good the loss ln the twinkling
ot an eye, as it were,
ductlve   powers of labor armed   with
An Immense amount of wealth hns
been destroyed ln Sim Francisco, more
than has ever been destroyed before
at any time In one place yet such Is the'
recuperative power of modern Industry
that In a few years we mny fairly expect to see, where now are blackened
ruins, a city at least equal to the one
Juat destroyed. But ull the cupital ln)
the world will not rebuild Sun Francisco. Human labor and human labor
alone will do it. Human labor applied
to raw material lias created all the
means of subsistence upon which the
rebullders of San Francisco will live
during the process, has created all
wealth, yet the laborers' share Is not
more than sufficient  for him  to live
The delivery of ice-cream to the residents of Toronto on Sunday has been
prohibited through the efforts of the
Lord's Day Alliance. That which thle
Illustrious body would keep t£e citisen
in mind, of on the Sabbath is of
a radically different temperature from
ice-cream, and besides the money spent
for this frigid delicacy might be more
appropriately dropped into the contribution box. If the Lord does not need
It bis disciples undoubtedly do.
Some folk make bitter complaint because organised labor "squeezes as
much out of the employers as possible."
The only thing employers ever had in
them was gall, and all the "squeezing"
indulged ln by organtsed labor does
not seem to have diminished the quantity In the least. It would be nearer
the truth to assert that organised labor
has been persistently trying to prevent
employers squeezing the last drop of
Juice from the workers' bones in the
shortest possible time. But then some
people never do see things correctly.
Tho keen vision of the cannery owners  have  discovered   that  a thousand
or  fifteen  hundred    Chinamen   amuse
themselves In  Vancouver's Chinatown
by playing lottery, fan-tan and chuck-
luck, while the canneries of the Fraser
River and Northern British Columbia
yearn to bestow upon them the civilising influence of profitable employment.
In view  of this another moral spasm
threatens to wrench the vitals of the
better element of Vancouver.   Gambling ls sinful at all times, but especially  so  when   the straight  and  narrow
path leads to the affluence assured by
a couple of months' honest toll at cannery wages.   Gambling must be stopped during     the canning season., not
for the purpose of conserving any material Interest of the Christian cannery
owners, 'but for the commendable and
righteous purpose of leading the Chink
from his sinful ways.   Leading him to
the cannery Is, of course, merely Incidental.    The    path    of    righteousness
leads In that direction during the -fishing season.    After the season Is over
the Chink  can  return  to his  tan-tan
and    chuck-luck.    Strange   that    this
moral spasm ahould so forcibly remind
us of  the previous one  that arose In
consequent e of  the  sinfulness  uf  Dupont  Street, and    out  of    which  ths
Great Northern Railway secured ampin
aud excellent terminal facilities. That
ended  the spasm.     Material Interest?
Perish  the  thought.
*c-<«n—-.—-»«t*IW**".* IT
Saturday ......May _6, Hint*.
Ike Wesiorn darion
In   the
PuMlehed every Saturday
Interests ot thn working class atone
at th* Office of the Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 165 Hastings
Street, .Vancouver. B. C.
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly subscription cards In   lots
of _v» or mors, 75 cents each.
Advertising rates on application
If you reosive this paper, it is paid
Address all communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
further augmentation ot power. As
well expect to destroy the lion's appetite for mutton by singing "God
Save the King" in some salvation
army barracks, aa to expect to control these huge combinations of capital by ludicrous legislative enactments
at  Washington  or  uny other seat of
measure of human progress.
Sonic there nre, and they aro by no
means tew, who will by led away with
the Idea that the marshalling of the
huge labor force required to build the
mills and city, operate the former and
Inhabit the latter, Is, for some mysterious reason, due to the capitalists
who may be directly Interested in the
government. __^__^__^__^bh__^_—-■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■_       ,.  ,
There  ls one  thing  which govern- J undertaking.     And  all  these  capital
ment can do, und this lt does to per-
and  will    continue  td  do as
Watch this label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expiree the
next Issue.       	
Saturday May 26,1906.
lung aa ll remains in lhe ha.ul.s of the
present  ruling    class ln    hutnun society,    lt can hold intact the present
.system  of  properly  in  the  means  of
wealth  production  against   the  spasmodic outbursts of its wage-slave victims.    When the slaves become rebellious because of the miseries heaped
upon them by the exactions ot an over-crowded slave market, this Instrument of class rule, through the exercise of ita legislative, judicial and police powers, holds their turbulent rebellion ln leash while the market gets
in its deadly work by enabling their
masters lo limit the size ot the field
in which they have been wont to ex-
erpise thoir digestive apparatus. Then
their masters, still booted and spurred,
are once more astride their necks for
another period  of  harmony  between
labor and capital.    When they again
become rebellious the dose is repeated, and so on ad libitum, and infinitum, and puke-'em.
Surely "legislation that is intended
to control vast business enterprises"
is destined to stand as a Joke. It ls a
real Joke.    A huge joke.    A regular
After commenting on the "Standard's" confidence In its huge machine,
and noting the cynical smile with
which it views the attacks of its critics
who launch their puny darts against   rlb-cracklng, button-bursting joke.   A
Its invulnerable hide, an Eastern perl-   veritable Joke In perpetuity,
odical arrives at the conclusion that it j
Is at least doubtful whether the Rock- j
efeller gang can be brought to book
and compelled to abandon their well-
known    business    methods,  by    any
legislative   control   that   Is   likely   to
be instituted by the Washington government   It is evidently dawning upon the publication ln question that In
spite of the vapid mouthings of Roosevelt, the "Standard" and similar concerns, are pursuing the "even tenor of
their way," firm in the assurance that
attempted    legislative      control    will
prove futile to In any way seriously
affect the purpose for which they exist.    So plain has this become    that
the   aforesaid    periodical     closes  Its
plaint with the somewhat pessimistic
query:    "Is legislation that ls Intended  to  control vast    business    enterprises  to  stand  ln  perpetuity  as    a
All the capitalist undertakings are
business enterprises, and their purpose ts to make profit for the owners.
Profit must of necessity come from
the exploitation, or in plainer words
the robbery, of the producers of
wealth. This can be effected only by
holding the wealth-producers In such
a position as to render it impossible
for them to provide for their necessities by working for themselves in
their own industries. They are consequently compelled to dispose of
their power to labor to those who !
have been fortunate enough to obtain control of the avenues through
which their power to labor may be
expressed ln the production of food,
clothing, and other needful things.
The control of the earth's resources
and the machinery with which production la carried on gives to the
capitalists absolute control, not only
of the labor-power necessary to oper-,
ate the industries, but of the products
of industry down to the last farthing's
worth. Capitalist control of Industry,
in-so-far as the appropriation of Its
products is concerned, arises exclusively from the ownership of the means
of production by the capitalists, which
ln turn gives them absolute command
of the necessary human labor required to carry on their operations. Under such circumstances the operation
of Industry becomes merely a business enterprise the sole motive
of wblcb Is to add to the wealth
and power of the capitalists interested al the expense of the exploited
workers who by virtue of non-ownership In the means whereby they must
live are forced to offer themselves as
victims for sacrifice upon the sacred
altar of profit Modern business upon analysis resolves Itself simply Into
the dellctable vocation of robbing
labor of the products of Its toll and
buying, selling and wallowing in the
proceeds of the robbery.
The laws that control business are
not written upon statute books by
legislators, either pin-headed or otherwise. They are Inherent In the very
system of property upon which the
entire business structure rests, the
system that makes of the means of
production—resources of the earth
ond thc machinery of Industry—capital, and the labor necessary to operate them, wage-labor. The greater
the mass of capital concentrated In
the operation of a given industry the
greater the crushing power of that
concern to be used against Its competitors In the field. The very Instinct of
self-preservation will prompt such a
combination to resort to means no
matter how drastic to brush aside
such obstructions as may appear ln its
pathway to impede    its growth and
^ But the
silly fool who expects such    legisla
tion to be anything but a Joke is the
most rip-roaring Joke that was ever
The abolition of the evils afflicting
human society to-day that express
themselves ln the degradation, vice,
crime and misery that follow ln the
wake of the poverty that springs
from the merciless exploitation of
labor under the wage-system, ls not
to be effected by "controlling vast
business enterprises," but by such a
transformation in the owneshlp of
property as to do away with business
enterprises altogether, and the substitution therefor of a communal administration of common affairs for the
common good.    The common affairs
lhts will have to do with the matter ls
sit idly by an lick their chops In anticipation of the Juicy profits to be
coined from the blood and sweal of
the slaves whose necessities will compel them to gather upon the spot,
build the city, and offer up their lives
in  Its  profit-grinding  mills.
lt ls labor alone that will build this
"model"   city  and  erect  and  operate
lis  gigantic steel mills.    Cupital  will
have nothing to do with it other than
to see that all the juice ls squeezed
from  labor's bones    during the process.    The function of capital is nol
lo   make  things,     but  to  lake  them.
Instead  of  being  in  any  manner an
uid to production it is In every sense
of the word    a detriment to It      ll
lobs labor of its products, thus denying to the workers the enjoyment of
the  fruits  of  their toll,  and  reduces
l hem to the dead-level of mere parts
of, and appendages lo, the huge machinery of production which  it controls. However necessary this peculiar
form of property    may at one time
have  been ln    the  great  process  of
things, the time is rapidly approach
ing when  the  working class will  no
longer   tolerate  its    brutal   rule,   but
will  cast it  aside    like  an  old shoe,
even as ils preceding form  of properly has been cast aside in the rude
march of events.    The ending of lhe
1 uie  of capitalist    property  will not
mark the close of industrial evolution.
Habitations  will still be  studied and
industries continue    to  be    operated
even upon a more    magnificent and
extended scale than before.    But they
wno build, and weave, and forge, und
spin,  will enjoy    the fruits  of  their
loll, and pay tribute to none.
It is not dlmcuii to imagine what
this "model" city will be like. It win
De much the same as the usual collection of "warrens" around capital-
Ism's Industrial shambles. The human rabbit-pens may be a trifle more
symetrlcally arranged, and while new
smell a trifle of fresh paint, but the
inhabitants   will     be     ground,   flesh,
the ablest, clearest and most effective
speakers the socialist movement has
yet produced. Thoroughly versed In
the historical basis of economics and
un entire stranger to seiitinnnt.il
vaporing and platitudinous phrasemongering,   his     lectures   possess   nn
educational vulue that is lamentably
lacking In the case of many speakers
ot much greater fame In the movement. Each Local of the Party, and
every labor organisation In tho districts mentioned, should nt once take
Steps to secure the services of Comrade Lewis for one or moro meetings.
Tho "Clarion" will insure that such
notion will not be regretted.
On or about June 2ith. Comrade J.
It. Hawthornthwaite of Nanaimo, will
leave  Vancouver  for  a  month's  trip
through   the     same     territory  to  be
visited   by     Comrade   Lewis.     "Jim"
has the happy distinction of being one
of tho two first socialists to be elected
on  this Western  Continent upon the
straight-out  program   of  lhe   revolutionary proletariat.   Since his election
he lias kicked up enough trouble for
tho capitalist  pirates of  British Columbia   to  become     sufficiently     well
known   to  the     workers  to   need  no
further advertisement here.    Whore-
ever    n     bunch     of    workers    exlHt
throughout the Upper    Country who
desire  to make his acquaintance and
hear his version of the class struggle
nnd Its purpose, should lose no time
ln communicating with the Secretary |
of the Provincial Executive Committee—Com. Morgan—and   arranging a
Comrades     everywhere,    get   busy;
get In line, and take advantage of the
opportunity to secure tho services of
these two comrades If possible     ~
will not regret It.
vWoRRtRs of the World Unite"
gmr-t-.viy l.slioi t'niuii in ti,r pn—l,,,.    ,
vitr.l tu plsce s rani undrr Ilns head.   ||M .,"
muiitli.    ■senHarttt ulrsse uulr.
Phoenix Miners* Union, No. |
W. I'". M. Meet* every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Mineri'
hall. V. Ingram, president; w. a
Plckard, secrctarv
I. Edward Bird,    A. C. BrydoD-Jadi
Geo. E.  McCrosHiiii.
HAKKIHT-t.it*'. HOI.IUTORH, ».l<
of a people are the production of all
of the needful things requisite for the „____________^^_
highest possible standard of comfort   blood and  bones.  Into    profit lu  the
and well-being, -..-... .... „, .vhrnai
demands that all  industries that are
social  In  their    character  should  be
carried  on  for  that specific  purpose
alone; that every able-bodied member
of human society should freely contribute his pro rata share of the labor
time   necessary,  and
The common good shambiea of the Sleel Corporation at
wages that will barely enable them to
eke out a miserable, existence ami
oreed a supply of sluves to take their
places when the last ounce of profit
naa been surrendered to the masters.
^^^^^^^^^^^ each have free
access to the common product for the
purpose of supplying himself and
those dependent upon him with the
things necessary to insure that standard. Th£t this cannot be accomplished by childish attempts to "control
vast business enterprises," which but
typify the robbery of labor and the
disposal of the plunder, goes without
saying.   And this is no joke.
The United States Steel Corporation
has planned a new city to be built
In Indiana, at the southern end of
lake Michigan, lt is to be a "model"
city, calculated to accommodate 100,-
000 people who are expected to gather
at this point where Is to be erected
the largest steel mills ln the world.
The city is to house the toilers In the
mills, as well as the usual quota of
business leeches, vampires and spongers which forefather around every
center of Industrial activity.
The capacity of these huge steel
mills Is to bc measured by the annual
reduction of 5,000,000 tons of ore and
the turning out of 2,500,000 to 2,700,-
000 tons of steel. The output of steel
rails alone is to reach well up to 1,-
000,000 tons per annum.
Already a large force of men have
been set to work clearing the ground
and doing other preliminary work.
These are to be followed by others ln
large numbers as the work becomes
more fully inaugurated, and lt requires no stretch of the imagination
to see a huge city arise as lf by magic
from what formerly was but a scrubby forest or a sandy waste.
Of course It will be bruited about
that the credit for this huge undertaking and Its rapid and successful
accomplishment will be due to the
wonderful power of capital, and the
marvellous sagacity and superlative
brain-power of the modern "captain
of Industry." But the fact ls. It will
be due to nothing of the sort. It is
no doubt true that the building of
these huge mills and the city that will
surround them ls distinctly ln line
with a more economical operation of
the steel Industry. Their building
will, therefore, be done In obedience
to that Instinct that has always
prompted mankind to seek out easier
and more effective methods of accomplishing desired results, and the expression  which    has been    the sole
There  has   been   for  some   time  a
persislent demand for speakers from
the numerous    localities    throughout
the    Province,    where    the    socialist
movement  has    obtained a  foothold.
The Provincial Executive    Committee
has been  unable    to satisfy  the demand  for  the  two-fold     reason  that
speakers were not available and there
was a lack of funds to draw upon to
meet the necessary expense that would
be Incurred ln sending them out, even
lt the services of such could be obtained.    A small fund has,  however,
been gathered, and although the sum
is insignificant and altogether out of
proportion  to the work In hand the
Committee    feels    justified    in    announcing that the services of two able
exponents of the working cluss doctrine of emancipation have been secured for the    purpose of making a
tour of  the  Province  and  spreading
the light of that doctrine even unto
the uttermost parts thereof.
Comrade Austin Lewis, of Oakland,
California, will arrive ln this City on
Monday or Tuesday of next week.
After speaking here hc will make a
tour of Vancouver Island, taking In
Nanaimo, Ladysmith and Victoria, returning to Vancouver for another
meeting about Sunday, June 3rd. If
suitable encouragement Is received
from the Upper Country, he will then
leave for the Boundary, Kootcnay and
Crow's Nest region, via Revelstoke.
Comrade Lewis has been sent out
by the National and the California
State Committees of (he Socialist
Party, such revenue as may accrue
from his trip to be devoted to thc purpose of assisting the California comrades and movement in recovering
from the effects of the late disaster.
While the comrade will not forget
tho propaganda A socialism, he will
devote a portion of his time to setting
forth the true condition of affairs ln
that sorely afflicted State. The purpose of his trip la indeed a worthy
one and we feel sure that when the
true state of affairs In the land of
"fruits and flowers" Is made known
the response of tho workingmen of
this Province will be both hearty and
The editor of tho "Western Clarion" has known Comrade Lewis personally for many years, and makes no
hesitancy in .saying that ho Is one of
Tt requires about as tough and unbreakable a brand of credulity to believe what Is told through the columns
of the capitalist press as to accept as
the truth the testimony of a detective
or a policeman even when under oath.
Still If one ls to swallow the contents
of    current     news    despatches   from
Washington ln reference to a certain
scheme originated by the Department
of  Agriculture,   and  being  aided  and
promoted  by  the  American  Breeders-
Association, It would  appear that the
horrors   of    government  regulation of
love, courtship nnd marriage, and Its
consequences,  which   the  versatile D.
M.  Parry so vividly portrayed  In  his
brilliant production. "The Scarlet Empire." are to be Inflicted upon us by
capitalism Itself,  without  watting for
Parry's nightmare to materialise. The
Department, lt seems, has taken upon
itself the task of scientifically mating
and  breeding   humankind.    Just  why
this  should come within the province
of the Agricultural Department Is not
clear,  unless    it   be  that  the human
creature Is, scientifically considered, a
pumpkin or a cabbage anyhow. Once
capitalist government gets this scheme
J fully developed and ln first-class working order, the matter of love, courtship,
marriage, etc., will not only bc greatly
simplified, but an Immense saving ln
both time and expense will Inevitably
result.    As the despatches state: "In
the future when a young man's fancy
lightly turns to thoughts of love, or
there stirs in the bosom of a maiden
a yearning for home and affection, all
that will be necessary will be to go to
the government's agent and get a check
for   a mate   and   marry forthwith."
With the check ln his possession the
party looking for   trouble would receive the goods with as little ceremony
as receiving a loaf of bread from the
baker, or a pint ot chalk and water
from the milkman. This paternalistic
scheme would appear to be all right
as far as young men and women are
concerned,   but  the    dark foreboding
will naturally arise   In the minds of
bald-headed,  tat and perhaps elderly
masculines, and scraggy females of uncertain vintage, that their application
for a "check" would   be   met with a
stern refusal at the hands of officialdom.  This would be tyranny, although
perhaps quite scientific.   At any rate
Parry made the mistake ot laying the
plot of his story In tbe future.    He
was evidently writing of the present
and* did not realise lt.
We. the Socialist Party of Canada,
ln convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program ot the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should Justly belong. To
the owners of tho moans of wealth
production belongs the product ol
labor. The present economic system is baaed upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all the products of
labor belong to the capitallat class.
The capitalist is master; the worker
le slave.
Bo long as the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins ot government all the powers of the slate will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swell Ine stream ot
profits, and to tho worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itaell
free from capitalist exploitation by
the fcbplitlon of the wagv- system. To
accomplish this necesealateo the
transformation ot capitalist property in the means ot wealth production into collective or working-class
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession nt the power
of government—tbe capitalist to hold
the worker to secure It by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon alt workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party ot Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working cU*_, as .follows:
1. Ths transformation as rapldlv
as possible, of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production 'natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc..) into the collective property of the working class.
3. Thorough and democratic organization and manogctnetnt of Industry by tho workers.
3. The establish ment. as speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In olhre
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is abolished,
make the answer to this question Its
guiding rule ot conduct. Will this
legislation advance the Interests ot
the working class and aid the workers In their class struggle against
capitalism** If it will, the Socialist
Party Is for it; if it will not, tha
Socialist Party ts absolutely opposed to it.
.   Tel. 8_9. P.O.
3.4 Hastings St. . .
Box, 0.12.
Vancouver. n.C
Sodalist 1 iredory
gg'Every Ixxal of the Horinltai
Psrty of Canada should run a nrl
under this head. $1.00 per month
Secretaries please note.
itrllisli « olumbla PrniliM ial Bserutlre
Committee, BottUM Party of I'an*
adn.    Meets every alternate  1 ass
lay. W. li. Flowers, Secretary, Koota
3, il'l Prior Ht., Vancouver, B <
IKiniinloii  i:\t-«-uil*><*    Commute,. -,.
liuiist   Party of   Canada.    .\t •:•
every alternate Tuesday. J tl.
Morgan. Secretary. r.Jil Barnard
Street, Vancouver. II. C
Ixk-1 ValM.-ou-.cr, No. I, K. P. ol Cms.
uda. Business meetings every
Monday evening at headquarters,
Ingleside Block, 313 Cambl- Street,
(room 1,. second floor). Educational meetings every Kutnlu> tl 1
p. m.. In Sullivan Hall. Cord n
Street. D. P. Mills. Seeret.it>, Bel
tit, Vaieouver, B. C.
Usrml Toronto, 8. I*, of C—Meets tm>
ond end fourth Tuesdays, BoctsllM
llendi|usrters,   I si-*   Queen  Hires!
West.   r. Dale, Secretary, il Henry
i-treet     Jewish lltanch meets • "-ry
Sunday night, same ball.
LO-d    Wliuil-N'g.  S.  P. of O—Meets
llrsl an.I third Sunday In V
Hull   corner King und Pad
enues.     at     It SO   p.   m.     J, I    >
Secretary. Z26 Princess Str. 11  NH la.
''ll-' g, Man.
In accordance with thla principle
the Socialist Party pledgee Itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
ln its hands in such a manner as to
promote- the interests of the working class alone.
1-IoMt-lx.l   IMS).
Tin* Olili-i l4il«.r
Paprr In < aiiuibc.
Always   a   f<»»Th-sw   exponent   In
tin   cause of labor
For one dollnt Ihe pop* t   -■
be sent lo any uddrvsa for one
Workingmen of all countries'
will soon    recognise    the  fart
that  they    must    support st >
read their labor papers
Tin* Voter PuMlslilng Co.. Mil..
U liuil|»s*.    Man.
On May-Day in Warsaw, Poland, Police Captain Constantino*! was blown
to tatters by the explosion of a bomb
thrown by a >oung man for that identical purpose. On May-Day, 190D, this
now fragmentary captain ordered the
soldiers to Are on a procession ot Socialists, causing the death ot 30 persons.
Those Polish workmon seem to have
a knack of celebrating International
Labor Day with peculiarly fitting ceremonies.
Harry Sibble, tho "Clarion" sub-
hustler, reports receiving and forwarding to Denver, Colorado, for thn
Moyer-Hsywood defense fund, the
following sums:
Tillman Smith, Coleman, Alta. . 11.00
Albert Torgazs, Coleman, Alta.. 1.&0
Albert Scotty, Coleman, Alta. ..      ,7K
\    Total     f-a.liB
hereby  apply  for   membership
In Local
 Socialist   Party   of
I recognize the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Admitted to Local 1»0..
Published Weekly by the
W.ittfi MtraUti If Wmi.
A Vigorous Advocate of Labor's
Clear Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.       Bin Months. -*-0*.
Deliver. Colorado.
WANTED: by Chicago wholesale
house, special repreeentative lor
each province In Canada. Salary
120,00 and expenses paid *<*•*':*
Expense money advanced. Business successful, position permanent-
No Investment required. Ptsr-"*"
experience not essential to engsf
ing.    Address
General Manager, 183 Lake St.
Chicago. IH- U-g-f*
we solicit ine nusisras or mmuiastureni,
Rnglneers snd others who realise the aiMsnbl!.
Ity of linvlug their Patent IiuhIiicss transacted
liy Kiperts. Preliminary sdvlre free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser *eut upon
trinir.it. Marlon & Marlon, New York Life lildg,
Moutreal; uud Washington, U.C, U.-.A.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.7r.
Bundlos ol 35 or more copies to
one address, for a period of in"*
months or more at the rate of os*
cent per copy.
Patronise our advertisers.
eo via";'
tteMnttkt. wII-mb* shares, inias
Stkiilrtic H«i«r wa
-WlSwrsft?.--* , .May 26,1906.
iqugllg factory  room
„ un  moping Iii the gloom
rti till night;
;h.1M„„nH dumb they go and DOOM
|.',,.„1   •■!        ' "'■'
■•"" ''...,. Qn ihelr way.
,t„. leaselens mills of loll
all duy.   'ill  •**•/'
i'i da)
,„ «tiinds there by h«-r loom
A ,s.,. tearless, legd-fl eyes,
.   , m her heavy, aching womb
,,    uuUk'nlng Inftwt ilea;
,„„ stunila  with  Bring bands
\       ing   Hi"  Krltn   maehlne,
, , ,. || wllli sad. foreboding In-art
Kuch new
a real Improvement In the lot of
I thi- (-rent bulk of t neople.
•tep In the Investigation of I "•••**■• condition* t .,iee like result-i,
■Ufiurd on brings to lighl rare ex- *n<* wastes, onpltnlum covers the
otlcs ugluw with tin- beauties ol the '""lu of ' ,u *""-lid th- worker*, coin-
profit system. Never before baa one r*** *'t*' ,nt 't*othm tor lobs, eft>ct»
concern coveted so completely ih,. n,. ,i i "lmllu.r to I oee rUsoUu-t ■'. will be proof business activity I .„, rlsslns th, rU<*'' *' ln "''" ' "* a" ''"" P,l"l(*'l"g sf-
stock market f«)t ■ lU«i of miliioni to 'f°r'" ot **" l__*__l wh<J **ooo% te,. be
driving competition from a backwoods1"
namiet; from corrupting the
Ion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
pr' inptiy notify this office. Missing
c< pies will be supplied at once and nt-
cssary steps taken to locate the r«a-
son for such non-delivery and to avoid
Its repetition In the future.
I '!■
the dismal  scene.
I Tin-
 ,i„ r-snul loops down the years
.. ii„ death-strewn path
hii.l  niuat  tread, and    shrinking
turned to raging wrath;
. flood of burning blood
gw.H.p« through ber swelling velna,
j.   | ,   ,n   |,iiiHi--bent  blda her child
I snd   burst  lis vhulns.
|\i,,I *■   in  this mother's blood, distilled
li>     .'iiri-'a alchemy,
|\  ,\,|. ul   tiltler bule   Is  tilled
,.      ii dned  umeiisltigly;
i x soul  sees Kitte  unroll
j   II      ,   miiig destiny,
-. - » nil li- nursed < <ms. lou«ii'-ss
H      tears It aboil not lie.
peetree whls|«er In his enrs
iles of wretchedness—
*t    , . : ii   Hrniigs  of  ■•■iintless   years,
.. n blttsroSM]
-. ■ pangs of hunger's fangs,
■I imo nf lash  nnd chain -
IThi >   I- K 'dig to ivenge their wrongs.
v       i . |   blm not  In  vain.
I Wolves that would devour
\ kind,  e'en  In  the   womb,
li |k< ■ Ihe bbn k, Impending hour
.., you must  meet  your doom;
■> I l.nt waits to burst tbe gates
i     I blm captive now;
- lectoratf
of g loveretgn state lo drilling i,H „....
ty -fsntg m the .hallos oheats by
wbi.h u oompeutoi ■ oil may be mads
|° <0""' "favorably with his own
t» eompare unfavorably with its own
inferior product, no i*ppc*i to greed
has been Ignored. No '__( too Htrcu-
leun, no opponent toe Inalgnirtcanl no
person ti... vile Tor lu profit lust. Prom
millions to mills It runs the gamut of
financial and Industrial exploitation
Its alory should lie preserved '0 . n
em Ions but admiring bourgeois .ml iM
SOrtbed on tablets of bronze thi * •
lerlty may know how the gems of the
energy, thrift and Individualism whi n
ure th« proud boast of the competitive
epooch was attained by this gtorloui
corporation, its doings .. ...,miZ(,<*
tu a text tKK,k ,,f proper proportions
would Impart to the young mun about
to etiti-i a business career all he need
know of the most successful methodso
'i' i,h th-   conoralo surtsee,
Tin     uri u    nechanl'-al      Invsntlonl
v-.'-iXl  n'' distinctive  a  feHture of
the age t. t greater and -ver greater , vc- lit., '.h, h.-inds of the owners of tin tool*. The productive capacity f Ubor haa been Increiiscd u
hundred-fold by ma-blnery within
this generation, and fewer und fewer
laborers a a needed te maintain the
dominant i l^tten In luxury. Hence the
ghunly ft rte km ,,n as "iiver-pioduc-
tlon," ■ 'ih Itf consequence of tragedy v.t millions cf human beings.—
Brisbane   Work-v.
•screl ..i
■ '■le   to
bui lery
.-   to you! He romes to
■ rf—nee of his vow.
(ring wrsth of centuries,
■ ■'. .iiiysmal woe
i    -;-i • mortel miseries,
Boom day must overflow.
is near, snd yet you sneer,
i Inees over-bold,
1    b     It > sa over-bold.
|.iru! k  Mi'h     the    poisoned   wine
Uki  I ttuotu kings of old.
We hud o oaston lust wsek to call ut-
tentlon to the frequency of fatal te
cldeuts   In   ths   Hurks  of   the      HlllUjI*
Iteel Cmnpany and tb>- secrecy malo-
luined in regard to them.   Bines t    i
tWO   inori*  serious disastsra   bave   b
reeerded though, us usual, tin- <],-t:, .
cannot   Is- b-urn. d.    i >n  Monde       ti.
Tribune   print.-,)   -    TSl       1, .nil'      00
this subji-i t.  u lil. h wo •     :■•■ s ch.i .!• -
from Darkest Roasts. "fi
the secrecy the i omps i
maintain    concerning    th'
wbl> h goes on within Its «,»!
to lie In tbe low -lass of forei ;-i I   sir
It  employs,    n   ts  loconcelvi bit   I   it
American or Americanised    » rk   en
would submit to huvinr   Hell ,- .       I
maimed or killed while   , • ih<      n
nor relatives tould learn tl.i   dels   i oi
uny aix-ldint.    No mttstdi    ,a\o*i hiw
many men are kllbsi or   njured    i this j
plum each month, th'   git thr number]
Is known  to  be v*n   ' .rg<>.    It  Is no i
doubt dangerous wi •.    •    ttf i^- t, but t
If such bloody sacrlti ■ ».he     price
of i wc must pay for the supremacy    "f(
I steel  perhaps  it   were belter  t,.      .■ rt I
Ln   Bom a. Luxemburg, ihe brll*
liajit i-oclallst Journalist and lecturer
ol Rermany, is confined ln prison at
Warsaw, Pol-ind, as a dangeroos revn-
.   tlontst,     la   n   letter   to   tbe   Ib-rlln
'V,u-wN»rt«,"  ie- says the prison coii-
dn:iin.«   ire horrible.—Western Clnrlon.
V'e   preSUmS   BdltOr   Kingsley   refers
t'.    'oiiii'de   Rosa  l.uxetnburg.  who Is
well-known In the international move.
i' I ml im li a wutnnii. Sum,, of
'i si . iil> editors have a surprlslm*
io   i.-.n-. ef   .iiiiiutionui affairs, to
i-t   Hurt'.-- 'I  iledo   "Hoelallst."
ri . editor of the "Clarion" is folly
ire thai Comrade itosn Luxemburg
>•• can. well-known In the Inler-
ii ttonal movement Perhapo gttite M
i.e.. aware ot it as tha erudite editor
ef J ' - M-lullst" lilins.-lf. The error
i. '-ire,| to orepl int,, the Item lliriugh
having the niiilt"-r Ot proof-reading to
i i ».11r uie to whom the name of Ross
Luxemburg did    not    happen  lo b-
'.imiiiar. This comrade, assuming
thai ii a iitie •■ iir.." belonged to the
male p-rsuuslon, corrected the proof
accordingly, nol overlooking the formally of changing the subsequent
pronoun to fit the case. An examination o Ihe proof shows thut the com-
l m'or set the Item correctly ln the
first inatance. If the editor of the
**'i. Islist" was us sealotu and able in
enlightening tbe- Ignorant,  both edi-
toi'illy and otherwise, as he Is iu
•ir -In.* "boiist'Th" to deeds of financial
mnis  that    live  on   mountain
is  when the crater's breath
i'i.   coming of tbe tides
<   ■:  Dg, liquid death.
■ is wise, see not the skies
red with signs of blood,
heed  lhe grumble of the ground
..-..   the molten flood.
lo more primitive metli-dts 'jni**e*   in«  glory for the rastonnaos of his paper
deed, we tuke the ground ihat m the J "Xnowledge of   International
death list comprises only law     caste 1       ,. ,
■ ■ > . . nn   4li.nl
foreigners  nod   their  ktlltni    is   if  no
' bi wan?! to-morrow  mom-
it daw n -f Poettay—
uis . hll<l in labor's travail Viorn
Will       -.1 her free;
nd  thrones ..f itoid
rumble 'neath his 1 eel.
nd    kitiitH    about    their   soft,  white
II - k•;..!(..] hands shall feet
A U.'JT.Il     V.   HOl.MiWAY.
In   Soclslist   Voice
moment so ,-ng -.s profit r, ) in had
In bringing ■• - more. Hut If it Is as
much mur.'et , . kill a Dative Of K">_t-
ern as We 'th Burope, SOLietabig
should be done. K rei . al of thc ko-
sale law might w • i. ch.-nge. If f-.r
each  death  In   the   '.lis «  dlit:r...i   or
stockholder In ths •• • pri • re«mi«tly
removed from the ■ - of in- mundane
activities. II would ,-on be developed
whether these recttrriu** h ilo- «usln are
like thrones of | unavoidable aoeompa In mui of Um ln-
dustry or merely  wa      n  burnt  off. r-
itiks on the altar of k    ;t on. — w. ,-•'
P., In Chicago So< lallst.
would no doubt become much more
wide--,-read and less "surprising."
b m exchange a.«k», "is there
ny  rilfferehto  between   a   Democrat
nl •  RepublicanT**      Certainly not;
• tl..   ,!v   nol.      In   MIIWHUkie.   where
- -.- laitsts were recently elected to
P1'  ''■■■   Council,  tbe  llern's and   Re-
lb" Immediately held a joint cuueus
'lllclalti uud  control the city
■lit.     c.jf  course   there  Is  no
r '••  between    them.    Ask    us
' thing hard.
i:\i.l.isil  WOMBM  ItOtJSlKG.
Hstiriiiliii-.I  l«» Se--ure n  Votoa in tie
Prcseni s<Kisi itev
The Dominion lCxucutlve Committee
has d's-idixl to call for funds to be
used for ths purpose of pushing forward ths work of organizing such
purls of the Dominion of Canada as
have nol yet b-*cn reached. There Is
a vast field to bc covered which will
of necessity entail considerable ex-
is-nse. The necessary funds can, however, be obtained if Ixx-als, Individual comrades and friends will take
tiie mat Cur up by gut boring and forwarding mi. h contributions as may
In- forthcoming. As soon as the re-
<|ulNite funds may be gathered it Is
the Intention of the committee to
arrungi; trips, for one or more organs
i/«rs, covering as large a section of
territory as imnslble. With energetic
action in thc matter of raising funds
and jMdlcsous alHjdication of tho same)
b.v the committee a much needed
work may bc carried out that will
bear fruit In future election campaigns.
All money received for this fund,
will be used solely for tho purpose
stated. Ihe committee, at Ils meeting on Feb. 17, appropriated from
the General Fund the sum of $'-.">.
to Is. applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
Victoria   Advertisers    |
[Colonial Bakery
W  Johnson  Ht..  Victoria.   B.C.
[Delivered to any pari et the elty    Ask
brivrr  to  call.     'Phone  •«•-
; l '(> you Know we sell from 10 to 33
jcents cheaper than our competitors.
ros __ c_____T3_:
71 Civtrsotil llrttl, VKterli, I. C.
■ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<
!', MiMlKlirtr ||   "
• "o 8 Cestre tt
!| victoria, B.0,
• *t*m**,t
118 Q CKAR
a London despatch s.iyH: Bsoorted
by forty members of parliament
nearly 400 women suffragists, repre-
M tiling nr**anlKiitlona from ill parts of
Ihe country, Interviewed Premier
Campbell-Bannerman at the foreign
office tO-day (May 19) nnd presented
ihelr claims thnt Women be allowed to
vote.     < inly     eight     members  of  the
numerous deputation were allowed tn
speak, and each wus ii lltsd to live
minutes. Hut in the aggregate of 40
minutes ths Premier beard about all
there was lo bear in fuvor of female
stiff rage.
The immediate grant of   woman**
rigbt." was the unanimous demand
the speakers, some of whom pre—m
to   the   Ptgmler  their   ••minimum
iiinmix," claiming lhal Immed *
legislation, bestowing on women ..
right to voti- was neeessury. und de-
eluring that a promise to take the
mutter up nt the next session of par-
Itament would not satisfy tbem. One
speaker menacingly declared thut I1
women were prepared to saeri •
their lives on behalf ot their deman
The   gathering     included   ladlei
title side by side With the factory e  l-
The Premier wound up bis remark*
with saying he believed It would not
be many yenrs before the desired
change would be brought nbout.
This reference    to yeurs met wit)
hissing from    ths    members of th
deputation, who left the foreign offl  k*
evidently   dlSSSUSflftd.
The arrival of the deputation nt tie
foreign olllce was preceded by .
street demonstration, women frotii
various localities marching with banners flying and bands playing. 80*
DOmpanled by an Interested crowd of
onlookers, the women marched to the
foreign office.
We are living in a revolution. Those
of   us who  believe   that   revolution   to
be  In n  direction     that    ls good  may
Speak of ll as a renaissance.    We believe  it  to be a  11 m less mi",  a new
birth nf energy and thought: a new
iiirih   uiiii'i'-'i   in.   •'■   large   part,   by
'IbrarteS and schools.    The people are
;• nrnin'*  to  decide  and  to  rule.    The
' brarles,   the   schools,   and   the   press
ie  doing tills, and  it  Is one of those
1 movements  which, once    started, can
I no more be stopped by speeches than
I an  avalanche  or the  French  Hevolu-
! Hon could be stopped.    The difference
It    oat knowledge and thought are the
■Lfesl things we have, and lhat there-
re our changes, our revolutions. m-i>
'        peaceful.    "Popular    forms"    ol
g... rnnient.   says   Froude,   "art   possible  oi.i>   when  Individual   men  can ' X
govern their own lives on moral pri
clpb B, and when duly Is of more I'll-    	
port nee than pleasure, and justice
tha • material expediency." Hence the
g'-'t note ihat ordinary, private
ethics p!ay In the more significant
pt.. 'it I discussions of our day. Dem-
ocri. ■ . -laid Cailyle, Is not a Morrl-
snn's I'ill. lt is not something that
We en u BWallow in a moment and b»-
cured of every Illness while we sleep.
ll Is u ,'iving Ideal und a rule ot conduct, and public life to-day is feelin.* .
the throes of its new birth: of Ult* |
atciiipt lo bring lilts* i'i<- ..orlil Inilus-
i trial a** well rk |M*Uii«*ai ("--unlit*..
i I Thei e will be dlscourugeinents. there
1 wilt 1. * ebb am', flow Of temper In the
I publli but In the end life will be belie, f n ,bo unprivileged ninny than It
Win .1 be without the new gospel of
kn edge and democracy, a gospel,
win n ' ls understood, not of dls-
ooui«4 iieni but of light.—"Collier's,
Hay j ,i.
The following sums have been   received  to date:
Previously   acknowledged $39,00
W.  Pryde     1.00
"Leeds" 50
Total .$40.50
The following amounts received up to
Previously   acknowledged $51.50
*T-*eds" 50
L. Droderick    1.00
Total $53.00
Forward all   contributions  to
Forward ali contributions to
J.  G.   MORGAN, Sec..
551 Barnard St.
Vancouver, B. C.
Single copies, 5 cents; 6
copies, 25 cents; 15 copies, 50
cents; 40 copies. $1.00; 100
copies and over, 2 cents per
These rates include postage
to any part ot Canada or the
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion"
Victoria Representative for the
"'urst publications, as follows: 8an
Francisco l.xnmlnor. lxm Angrlcs Es-
iimlnr-r, Clili-ngo American, New York
**"icrl<*un, Huston American; Homo
"nil in nn Weekly, Clilongo; Cosmo-
I'oliiun Mogii/ine, Now York.
Also agent for tho following:
Seattle Times, Portland Oregonian,
si«'i Francisco Chronicle, Lob Angeles
t'rompt and regular dally delivery
M'iv|ee to subscribers.
Advertisements of every description
biketi for any newspaper.
P. 0. Box 444, Victoria, B. 0.
One por cent, of the families ot
America and Great Britain possess
moro of the national wealth than the
remaining 9» per cent., and In every
country there is a growing percentage
of the people living ln a condition of
abject poverty such ns was unknown
before the days of the capitalistic era.
This, we repeat for emphasis, is true
of all countries. Forms of government
make no difference. Whether an hereditary king sits on the throne, or a
president Is elected by universal suf-
fr.n-e ls of no material consequence.
Whether the fiscal policy Is tree trade
or protection, or a mongrel tarlftlsm,
Is of trifling Importance.
Wherever there Is suim-lent settlement to give capitalism a foothold.
Sera you have Blaring you n the face
a striking similarity of class contrasts
and the Phenomenon of the unemploy-
eThc fact Is one confounding nil purveyor, of palliative measinesan-l fiscal nostrums. It shows clearly ttg
nothing short of root changet will ef-
"Tl. ■ ;<uprenie Providence which
gave mc the _ire of uiir fathe land.
moved ne to call to my assistance In
legislative work elected representatives i . the people." -From the Czar's
: p -cc'.i n» the opening of the Douma.
is many of the Czar's assistant caretakers have    already     been  "moved"
I cross the great divide by the same
"Suri me Providence." nnd other
worth) ones arc being continually
a-Jed 'o Ihelr number. It rather looks
a., though tlie Csar us a boss Janitor
la not u howling success, und should
receive the grand hoist himself, To
hear these royal cut-tbronts und ruf-
flnns attribute their brutal and savage
rule to "Supreme Providence" is refreshing indeed, but not calculated to
be convincing to uny sane person.
In estnbllshing a press censorship
the Liberal hlghblnedrs at Ottawa are
preparing some excellent soft-nosed
ammunition to be used against their
party durln,. forthcoming cnmpnlgns.
Strength to the Aylesworth elbow.
P. 0. DRAWER   836.
g      ———       MMMMMaM.      1
9 Some who started early are now selling ten 9
0 copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents S
_r_L ^^
g a copy
9 prices.
Send to   us for circulars and wholesale §
The book is now ready for delivery.
9 BOX 2064 NEW YORK. ©
9 9
999 % §®®®9®%'&9999999999 ©©©«©€«»•«
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
TtM* publication of |mtI<mII<*uIh of
every description is a specialty with
The "Clarion." Telephone or write
for c-.lliiuiicr.. Every facility for such
work, and prompiiic*-, antl batisfaction
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Over 2<M) new paid-up readers of the "Clarion" since May
1st.   "There's a reason."
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Are vou a paid-up reader ot
the "Clarion"?    'Xuf sed.
by buying thb
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machioe.
National Sewing Machine Co..
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
Many i omplalnte are reaching this
office from Rubscrlbers who fall to get
their pupeit. In some Instances there
are seven.', complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's namo
and tb number ol paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually In type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
nre made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies the suspicion that postal employee-i are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity In tho
performance of their duties, even If
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers ot the Western Clar-
among the -wage-earners of British Columbia, "The Clarion" is
a winner. It has over
2,500 paid-up readers.
Mail-order houses will
find it a business-
P_* s
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a Ft*It HA- see to lt
that the Genuine Union I_ibel Is sewed ln It. If
a retailer has loose labels in his possession and
offers to put one In a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels ln retail stores tiro counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co..
of Philadelphia, ls a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MO-WIT, I-resl-cnt, Orange, N. 4.
MARTIN LAWLiOK, Secretary, 11 Waverly Plats*,
Now York. n_
*».■     :**«
^a-riiftw  OTsARION.  VANCOUVER,   BRIT^Q-'UMBU. ,,-_
■ May 26, 1906
•5-555-g^—r-^^^5-=~-=-;-*:---:-i=i=                —..ssssiMiuAii-r   tuc nnuiutnil    •
Edited * R* P* WanV^tECE, toTtmrnta .- co^ndenoo for tlds deparUnent should be addrceeed.        g
things used privately    Will be Ottnau
privately;  production will  beJhWtm
Instead of for sale    and prom
ruling  class.     The   forces  of
will   be  harnessed   to  the
tent  to bear    man's
for a
fullest ex-
burden, and all
will bc rewarded with the full social
value of their toll.
By thut act on the part of the oiuy
useful class In society, man will be set
Civilisation will have dawned.
Por ten years the Mine Owners' Association of the Rocky Mountain States
now under the domination of the Standard Oil Smelting Trust, has conducted a merciless war against the Western Federation of Miners. The latest
phase of this war ls the arrest and
criminal kidnapping of William D.
Haywood, Charles Moyer, Pettibone
,.4-id Vincent St. John for the murder of
ex-Governor  Frank  Steunenberg.
The arrest of these men waa followed by the publication of columns of
matter In the capitalist press upon an
alleged confession and charging these
men with an almost endless string of
diabolical crimes.
The chief tool of the Mine Owners'
Association declared that "these men
will never leave Idaho alive," and
the Governor of Idaho has rushed into
print on every opportunity to prejudge
the case, and arouse prejudice against
the men among probable Jurymen.
If these men are guilty their conviction is certain. The courts of Idaho, like those of Colorado, are subservient to the Mine Owners' Asosciation,
So absolute is this domination of all the
legal machinery by the capitalist class
that their Innocence offers but little
protection against conviction and punishment.
Yet, ln aplte of these facts those
who claimed to be moving in the inter
' est of law and order, and against those
whom they charged with being criminals, did not even dare to trust to the
laws which they and their class made,
laws which they and their class had
In any case such as this it Is well
to consider who was interested ln the
crime which has been committed, and
also to examine somewhat closely Into
the previous character of the contend
Ing parties.
We have already seen that while
upon the records of the court this case
appears as "The State of Idaho vs.
Haywood, Moyer, et al.," yet lt would
be much nearer the truth to label the
case of the "Standard Oil Co., alias the
Mine Owners' Association vs. the Western Federation of Miners."
What then, has been the record    of
these two parties?   During the decade
that the battle has been going on between these contending forces lt Is a
matter   of   common   and   undisputed
knowledge that the Mine-Owners' Association has   displayed    an  absolute
disregard tor all law, Justice and decency.   Its members have
when corruption did not suffice.   The
present acting Governor  of  Colorado
was placed ln his position with a violent disregard of the will of the electors of that State.   In other cases legally  elected officials   who   have  not
shown themselves sufficiently  subservient to the will of the Mine Owners'
Asosciation  have   been   forced  to  resign at the point of the revolver or with
nooses about    their    necks.    Mobs of
thugs,    bad    men,   gun-fighters   and
toughs have been imported to terrorise
workingmen who dared  to ask for a
larger share of the wealth they    wre
digging from th mountains     or some
slight Improvement     ln the conditions
under which they labored.   Miners' cooperative stores have been looted and
their stocks destroyed or thrown upon
the streets to waste.   Men whose only
crime was organising for the protection
of  themselves and  their     class have
been rounded  up like wild beasts by
brutal  soldiers     and  herded  in open
stockades, forced     to work upon the
streets  with  ball  and  chain,  without
being convicted or Indeed charged with
any crime, and finally deported from
their homes and the States of which
they were citizens, under the guard of
soldiers paid by the Mine Ownrs' As
sociation.   Newspapers that     dared to
defend the cause of the men so outraged have been looted and their property destroyed.   A
has been established to prevent the
news of these deeds escaping to the
outer world. Courts have been defied,
when they have not been rendered completely subservient.
General Bell, who was the chief instrument In tbe criminal work of the
Mine-Owners' Association ln Colorado,
declared his respect for fundamental
legal rights in the following choice language:: "To hell with habeas corpus,
we'll give 'em post mortems," while another official summed up his platform
with the now famous words "To hell
with the Constitution." Language and
sentiments alike of these two representative tools of the Mine Owners' Association are characteristic of that organization which is so loudly shrieking its devotion to law and order.
So much for the character of one
party to the controversy. Now how
about the Western Federation of Miners? Throughout this entire struggle
every effort was made to fasten upon
them every crime that would naturally
arise In a country where frontier lawlessness still reigned. But In spite of
the fact that the courts were ln the
hands of their bitterest enemies, and
that Juries were generally drawn from
a non-mlnlng population fiercely hostile
to the miners, not one single conviction
has ever been obtained of a member
of the Western Federation of Miners.
So much for past records. On the one
side we have a band of convicted and
confessed criminals, the Mine Owners'
Association. On the other we have a
body against whom the most merciless
and powerful prosecution and persecution has failed to fix the slightest
taint of criminality.
Turn now to the question of motive.
Who would  gain  by      the murder of
Steunenberg?    True,  the  members  of
the Western Federation of Miners had
suffered at his hands.    He     was the
pilniclpal  mover in the series of outrages which were perpetrated upon the
workers ln the Coeur d'Alene  Mining
District In 1899.    But this persecution
did not really injure the organisation
as a whole at all.   The men who suffered every manner of outrage     and
abuse at  that time went out as missionaries in the cause of organized-labor, and the story of their wrongs served only to cement closer the bonds of
organized labor throughout the mines
of the  West.    Moreover,  Steunenberg
had been defeated for re-election     by
the votes of the members of the Western  Federation  of  Miners.    While he
lived  he was not only  powerless  for
further harm, but was a shining example of the strength ot that organization.
Living he was of no further use to
the Mine Owners' Association. On the
contrary, he was a perpetual menace
because of his knowledge of the crlm-
flnal operations of that body. Dead
he might be converted into a valuable
asset, if the manner of his death could
be so arranged aa to Involve the Western Federation of Miners in his crim-
ern Federation of Miners in a criminal
charge and perhaps accomplish the Judicial lynching of its officials.
To sum up the evidence concerning
the probable guilt of the two parties.
On the one side we have the long criminal record of the Mine Owners' Association,   including   murder   and   train-
wrecking and an avowed contempt for
all law, Interested In the death of the
victim.   On the other side we have a
body of men who have shown themselves capable of refraining from     all
criminal action under the most terrible
provocation, who avow themselves believers in peaceful legal methods     of
work, who, as Socialists direct     their
attack against  a  system     and     not
ginst individuals, and who had no reason to desire the death of the man who
was killed.
So much for th Indirect evidence. Now
for what has been offered as proof
ot the guilt of the men under arrest.
This consists exclusively of a confession of one "Orchard," who claims to
have committed a score of murders, including that of Steunenberg, at the
behest of the Western Federation of
Miners. This confession has been shown
to be a tissue of lies. One of the murders to which he confesses as having
been accomplished by him with a dynamite bomb, has already been shown
to have been an accidental explosion of
escaping gas. Another crime which he
attempts to saddle upon the Western
Federation ot Miners is a train-wrecking which has been proven in open
court to have been committed by a spy
in the employ of the Mine Owners' Association, and for which, by the way,
he has never been punished, which
throws a strong side-light upon the
character of the courts In that locality.
Add to all this the fact of the method of the arrests themselves and the
proof should be complete as to who
are the guilty parties. This arrest
has been no less illegal and criminal
than all other proceedings of the Mine
Owners' Association. The men were
taken at dead of night,
loaded upon a special train furnished
by the railroad companies, who are
controlled by the same Standard Oil
forces that dominate the Mine Owners'
Association, and hurried away to Idaho.
Here every effort ls being made to
Judicially assassinate these men. Their
only crime is seeking to help their fellow workers td help themselves. No
argument, no quoting of law, no preponderance of evidence can prevent thla
legalized blopd-thlrtsy mob from glutting its vengeance. The only thing that
will stop them In their murderous purpose and save the lives of our Imperilled brothers is evidence that tho
hanging ot these men, so far from stopping the organized revolutionary move*
ment of the workers will but give lt
new impetus. It ls this alone that
they fear.
It was because these men were Socialists, because they were demanding
that the workers legally and peacefully through their ballots take possession of the powers of government,
and through these of the wealth of the
earth which the workers create that
they were feared and hated.
they knew that the life or death of no
Individual would Change the course of
social events, which adds one more
proof to their Innocence. But because
they were Socialists, they were tireless,
Incorruptible, uncompromising, Intelligent champions of working class Interests.
Because they were Socialists they recognized the solidarity of their interests with those of the entire working
class. For that rason the entire working class ls Interested ln their fate.
Their battle Is our battle, their cause
our cause, their murder would be
a deadly blow at the heart of every labor organization In America.
For these reasons their lives can
only be saved by the action of the laborers of America. If from ono corner to the other of tho United States
there arises a cry of protest, a demand
for Justice, coupled with the vnw that
their Judicial murder will mean the
beginning of the end of capitalism —
lf the Industrial kings of America are
made to realize that they will buy the
blood of these, our fellow-workers,
only at the price of losing all Industrial
and political rulershlp, and with lt the
opportunity for exploitation of the producers then our brothers will be saved.
—National  Executive   Committee
P. U. S. A.
Tin? Sumo Id Cattail.* us lt twain *■■■*■
KlHowherc.—A Itagrant fuse In
lVilnt at Coleman, Alta.—Property vs. Wage-Slaves.—Humiliating and Aggravating, But Also
Causing an Awakening, and Thus
Hastening the Social Revolution.
Cascade Beer   sells all
Queen Beer      Over the
Ale and StOUt     Country
Specially Recommended.
A  coal-miner,  writing    from
man. Alta..  under date of May  10th
Bsvys:    "I was at
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
Local Liberal    Apology  Phonographs
Its Muster's Voice.
For the Wage-Slaves Who Not
Only Do the World's Work,
But Elect the Men Who
Hold Them in Subjection^ hy
Legalizing Capitalist Property.
The Socialist Party ln Vancouver
latst election were twitted a gooil deal
when Com. Mortimer, aa a candidate,
said "Of two evils chooBe neither. But,
we know what the Conservative Party
stands for; Its standard-bearers, Howser et al., make no pretentions whatever to represent labor. The Liberals,
though, should be carefully watched;
they lie to the workers like horse-
thieves; they attempt Jo face both
ways at one and the same time; they
seek to curry favor and sleek the
worker with the one hand, while
slapping lt to them good and plenty
with  the other."
If any further evidence were necessary to prove Com. Mortimer's contention up to the hilt, the present attitude of the local Liberal organ, the
•'World," amply  provides lt.
For some months past this afternoon nightmare has been cultivating
the acquaintance of the working class,
by giving out a little cheap soporific
anent arbitration, municipal ownership, (except when owned by the B.
C. Electric Railway Co.) anti-quack,
and other equally interesting bourgeois philosophy.
All of which,  no doubt, will be of
value—to    the    "World"—when    the
next' election campaign comes round,
since Bob Kelly really needs the votes I
In his business.
A woman who sells her body Is called a "prostitute." What are we to
term a bunch of wage-slaves who
draw a "salary" to sell their minds?
Eager and zealous to earn their
money—and the smile of the master—
all kinds of slanders are slapped In
the workers' faces daily. For the
most part these victims of the slave-
market deliberately He and misrepresent, and what's more, they do lt
knowingly. When unable to belittle
or Ignore the local socialist movement, these flunkies of capitalist
property dig up selections such as the
following drivel:
"Down where Grant avenue runs
Into Market there has been, perhaps,
the most striking change ln the scenery. This ls where the socialists and
the great unwashed foregathered In
lhe twilight hours and barked forth
their denunciation of men of wealth.
'An equal distribution of of wealth'
waa their constant cry. Now these
untutored orators and their balhless
audiences arc lying on their backs In
the grassy parks, while the millionaires are working eighteen hours a
• lay to keep the relief stations supplied and to bring order out of chaos.
—Waldemar Young, ln San Francisco
But, perhaps the workers In B. C.
like such insults hurled at them, as
If, after being spat upon, the
"World's" mission was to rub It In.
There were over 5,000 socialist
votes—more than 8 per cent, of the
total—in British Columbia, last election.
If the balance of the worklngclass
have an atom of self respect or dignity left In their exploited bodies,
they will resent such damnable Insults at next election by politically
firing out the whole useless thieving
tribe of loafers now In possession of
the State—Liberal sycophants and
hypocrites Included.
An opportunity to earn a decent
living would do them good.
The workers deserve all they vote
for—and they're getting It.
But the "great unwashed" and
dispossessed class that makes civilisation possible—Is getting Its eyes
And In this fact ties the salvation of
the future—the elements of the nearby revolution; after which every man,
woman and child will have an opportunity to live and develop every
laculty they possess; nn equal chance
at work, music, art, power, sport,
study, recreation, travel, self-respect
nnd the respect of others.
This because of the abolition of
class rule.
This because things used collectively will be owned collectively; and tho
_^_^^^^^^^^^^jpollco    court  ■«*•■■  I
n!t,'lit, where some high-handed work  I
was done.   There has been a bush lire j
here, and the miners were turned out
to  fight  it,  by  the  police.    It  was a
millionaire's timber limit and as there
was no pay going for fighting It,  as
ninny of the boys us could, got out of
lighting lt.    The  policeman  wa* magistrate, judge and Jury, and conducted things ln a very Csar-llke manner,
(ine Slav, who had a sore on his leg
i earlilng from the knee to the unkle.
claimed ho was unable to go out to
the    lire, but   he was fined   just the
sanic. $5 and costs—18.00 In all.   The
policeman   told     the   magistrate    he
wanted the fellow fined nnd his order
was  obeyed.     The    Slav's  wife  gave
testimony  re  her  hu-i'iand's  Inability
to  tight Are;   but the  policeman told
the magistrate not to pay attention to
her;   that  she  was a  low  character.
She looked the respectable wife of a
workingmnn  to  me.    The  magistrate
said Ignorance of the law was no excuse; so I butted In there and asked
hirn how he expected these people to
understand the law when they could
not read it.    He asked the policeman
it notices In Slavonian had been posted.    There were none.
I thought I had landed tn Kusslu,
and needed some reassuring before I
believed I was In Canada."
W.  FURNIVAL  <__  CO.
Cor. Abbott <U Cordova Sts.
Old Cot. Building.
Kdltor "News and Views": Is there
| no Socialist Party button In Canada?
I, and many of my fellow wagc-
i nrncm ln this camp, would like to
show our Party emblem—"stand up
and be counted."
Moyle. B. C, May 19, 1906.
(The Dominion Executive Commute ■ bad the matter up for discussion
torn* months ago. and the writer understands, agreed upon a design, but
lack of funds sufficient to put In big
enough an order to g«t them at a reduced rate, seemed to be the obstacle.
However, lt may be different now.
Write the Secretary. Com. Morgan.
■See address in Socialist Party directory column.)—Ed.
close  of  the  wur    he  went  to
where he worked In the mines.    For
a time he was State Organiser for the
Western   Federation  of    Miners,  and
Inter filled the  position of  President.
His activity In lubor circles  wus ended to u large extent hy the contraction, 2 1'2 years ago, of the fatal mil-
ndy  which resulted In his death.    He
returned to the home ot    his parftils
two years ago and made a brave effort to fight off the disease thai  wns
dragging him down—but without success.    For the past five years he hns
been  a student  and  advocate  of  socialism.    Those  who  knew   him   well
state thnt he was tin excellent public
speaker and remarkably well Informed on the different phases of the socialist movement.    During    the    last
few years,  his  weakness,  brought ou
by distressing hemorrhages, prevented
him   participating  In  the  struggle  In
any but the most quiet ways.    Ulght
up till near the last, however, b<   was
always ulerl to advance the  Interests
of the cause he had so much at heart
nnd  he did  some very effective  work,
In  Ihe  little community  In  which  lu-
Com. and Mrs. Pratner have bean
sn unfortunate as to lose tWO of Ihelr
■onl within the past, year. Earl Prattler, whose dentil from typhoid, was
Iccorded In the "f'larlmi some months
ago. being a younger brother of th<-'
subject Of this sketch. The two WOTS
burled side by side In the Fulrview
CEO.   E.   WINKLKlt.
This is Our
without reservation of any Idad,
The choice of hundred* ol men's m-
•s-rbly tailored and fault Ies-ly fush-
ioned f IU to 120 Suits for
Full and complete lines in alowrt
every style — garments thai «-»
made to sell at almost twlcrj Uw
prices now ask-nd for them are hns
In a profusion of styles nnd Inlnlct.
Sent* before waa o«ir claim, »•
give most for your money," ■o«ta_r*
lv demonstrated.
M Csrtsw Stmt
Vancouver, B. C, May 22.—Present:
Comrades Pritchard, McKenzle, Unh.
organiser Kingsley, and the Secretary.
The mlftutes of the previous meeting were read and approved.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From Com. Sibble, at Fernie; J. H.
Hurrougn, Khav.ntg.in, and H. Bur-
rett, Victoria, re party matters.
From Com. Austin Lewis, concerning his projected tour in B. C.
A tour was arranged covering the
principal points throughout the Province.
A telegram was read from Com. J.
H. Hawthornthwaite, placing his services at the disposal of the Committee for a tour In the Upper Country for the month subsequent to the
23rd June.
This tour will also be arranged.
Abraham Lincoln, In  ISC!.:    "I see
In  the neur future a crisis approach- j
Ing that unnerves me nnd causes m'-
to tremble for the safety of my coun- j
try.    As 'i result of the wnr, corpora- |
tions bave been enthroned and an era
of corruption in high places win foi- j
low.  and  Ihe    money    power of thai
country   will  endeavor  to   prolong  Us |
leign by working on the prejudices of.
the people until all  wealth  is Uggr*-
gated In a few hands and the republic
Is destroyed.    I am at this    moment '
more  anxious   for   the  safety   of   the j
country than ever before, even In the
midst of war."
What's the difference between ALL
the workers inside an economic organisation and ALL the workers outside nn organisation? Would ROl the
laws of the market be the MOM In
either case?
Dominion Secretary Morgan Is noting temporarily us Provincial Secretary, Com. Flowers having taken In
"the simple life." on a piece of land
up the Kquainlsh Valley, in an effort
to escape wage-servitude.
HARDWARE and       j
Second Hand Dealer \
Cook    Stoves    anil    Ti*ils   a
Sim ial ty.
We buy and sell all   kinds nl
scrap   metal,     old    ma*hnvrv, n
rubber,   sarks,  bottles, etc.        ]]
Storm-1.'I8 Cordova St.. K. ]|
hardware A junk.     101  i'ow.-ll  ",
St.,  new  and secondhand furniture.
' fbWM 1171       VtK»mr, I. 6
'sS4**O00$0^++++^Q+OOO 000##M
PHONE  A1676
K_nploymont   nml   Financial Ai**-nt«
Ileal  *r>tat«*
Vancouver, B. C, May*22.—Present:
Comrades Leah, Pritchard, McKenzle,
Organiser Kingsley, and thc Secretary.
The minutes of previous meeting
were read ond approved.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From Montreal, Winnipeg, lnnisfaii,
Fredericton, and Hamilton Locals, re
Party matters.
Warrants were ordered drawn for
$27.55 to the Committee on leaflet.
The leaflet committee on press censorship reported having had printed
20,000 leaflets; 13,000 have been sent
throughout the Dominion and the remainder will be used here.
Collected by Leaflet Committee $11.00
Winnipeg Local, due stamps ., 2.00
InnlBfall Local, due stamps ... 6.00
Fredericton Local, due stamps. 1.80
Hamilton,   organisers' fund ...    ft.00
It will take more than nn earthquake tn stem the tide of socialism.
In 'Frisco the comrades have established headquarters In a tent and resumed propaganda work.
Experts and
Room 0,
•12 Cordova Ht,
Miller  Block
Vancouver, B C
Assertions are not nocesstirlly argument.
Wutdi for llm Advt. of tho
and popular Cafe
In nest Issue.
|      DAVE IIUIITON, Proprietor.      |
Telopbooo --'-'1
Sanitary  Expert*.    Plumbing In   *>>
IU brnnches.      Estimates tornl****
Itopairs,  stove connoctlons, etc.
Ml WESTMIRSTER ML, ttmtti fit*
Total -.121.80
Penticton, B. C, May 15.—A sad
event occurred recently at the home
of Com. J. T. Prather of Wblt* Lake,
when hi- second son, Lewis A. Prather, died of consumption on the 10th
The deceased was born In Kansas,
November 30th, 1871. When a boy,
he moved with his parents to Washington state, where he grew to manhood. Thirteen years ngo he came to
this Province, and after living here
pome tlmo he went to California,
where he enlisted In the U. S. Navy,
and served in the Pacific fleet during
tho Spanish-American war.   After the
llsnit Ms.tr Boots snd *M» t» «■'■" 'J1.
... styles.   gpty£grK*#&
Mint rii«M«
ly done.
I4M Wnl-lu1ir Rvi
Kitchen drudgery Is reduced to .. ■....,...._... -.—  ,
fuel.   It takes only HALF THE TIM 10 to prepare meals as eomP»
minimum when <1AS Is "»'''' •"[
with coal and Wood ranges, and the kitchen is COOL and oomfor
to work in.    TtlfFMME SI „
and our representative will call, measure your premises and ffiv
an estimate of cost of installing gnu,
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd-


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