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The Western Clarion Mar 18, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
THIS U     A | A
NUMBER    tfljtf
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, March 18, 1905.
Subscription Price   Si An
JKR   YlAR 91.UU
Seat Reaieat Way It Wu Crmktt
he 181 It of Muivh brings round tho
11 anniversary 01 the inauguration
the fails Commune and ^socialists
over mo world will celebrate the
ur-iun,   not   because  the episode in
fall furnishes     uiatier lor gratula-
11,  but  10 keep green  the memory
those     who so nobly  fought and
m on that occasion   and to   point
linoi'al which cannot be loo strong-
insisted  upon.
Considered  in  itself  thu  Commune
|is nothing short of a calamity and
effects    on    the,  at  that  time,
mg aud struggling Socialist movc-
lui  were disastrous,  .so many bril-
|iit. thinkers and active workers reived ai one swoop aud  the inove-
Int tmiotnerud in blood but if the
fvious  lessons of  the  Commune fee
|licienlly      well  considered  and *>-
sled   we  today,  may profit  by its
stakes  and  the  men  who  suifered
ki died for it   will not have   done
1 in vain.
larx      somewhere says,  "He who
bs out  to make a revolution is a
II; he who tfoes out   tu stop a relation  is also a fool,  but he upon
oiii  the revolution shall come unices  is  the greatest fool  of all."
Is Indicating    that the revolution
pnot   be made to order,  but   must
se as the culmination of a definite
liul  process;   that  when it does so
five  it  is  irresistible  and   that it
[>ur  business     to so educate our-
|res as      to    observe the  trend  of
its and  be enabled to seize   and
advantage  of   the  "psychologi-
inoinent"     when    it    does   ar-
The Commune failed because it
precipitated out of duo time by
tries of untoward     events.     Tho
jrress  of  economic  evolution  had
as yet,  drawn sufficiently clear
lines and  this manifested itself
(Ihe composition of the movement
lack of clearness on the part of
[leaders und a constant wrangling
bickering   at   the  council board
|m was suicidal in the face of the
is essential for the success of our
lenient that each be clear on the
Huts concerned and that nothing be
OWcd to obscure Ihe issue.
K*the second place, the members of
Vfotnmune were consumed with
fjjilon of "legality."
Socialist movement contem-
an act, or series of acts, which
(ihe bourgeois mind, are mon-
isly illegal, unjust and immoral
it Is impossible lo do these
|gs so as to satisfy their notion
i-gnlity. Tho Hunk of France had
Its vaults 2180 millions of francs
money and securities, one hundred
lions of which was in coin and
lion; in dollars this would be
fit 4.'l(i millions-which was at the
Mute disposal of the Commune,
as 1 lie bourgeois is only accassi-
via his pocket, the seizure of
securities would have made the
kaillese mil'h more amenable and
llil have been much more effective
postages than the few priests and
pis that were seized and held,
money the Communards relig-
|l,v left ' alone and protected so
when the city was taken not one
was missing,
gain, so anxious were they to
legal sanction to their acts that
persisted in holding elections
the city was in a state of
and when their whole 'efforts
^ld  have   been  directed   to   repel-
the enemy.
hey  weakly  allowed  the  members
le Government and others to es-
them and get  away  to Versail-
"fwhere  they     concerted  the  mea-
wbieh  brought about  the   dis-
Ions fall of the Commune.
lie    capitalist    class    has    never
■pled   to  over-ride  its  own    laws
lti    it     suited  them.       Why  then
should we, against whom these laws
are directed, consider them for one
Again, the Communards, failing to
profit by former experiences, trusted
too much in the small middle-class
and this class, the meanest and most
despicable that has ever existed in
any society, failed them as it has
ever done and must ever do. The
proletarian revolution must be the
work of the working class alone.
The Commune trusted too much to
the power of moral suasion. They did
not want to fight and never seem to
have expected that the bourgeoisie
would fight as they did. While the
public services were admirably administered, better than ever they
were before, the war department was
in a continual state of chaos. The
National Uuard, which, ably led,
could have vanquished the force opposed to it at first, was simply led
to slaughter by the incompetents who
posed as generals.
The capitalist class, threatened in
its most vital point, its property interests, fought like a tigress robbed
of its whelps, and pursued the conflict with unmitigated ferocity. They
gave no quarter and thousands of
men, women and children were shot
down in the streets after they had
laid down their arms.
No arguments, no moral suasion
will suffice; the working class need
expect no mercy when it threatens
the interests of a privileged class.
We have also an instance of capitalist solidarity in the action of the
Germans, who released many thousands of prisoners that Thiers might
have men enough to suppress the insurrection. Where a working class
rising is to be feared the capitalists
forget  their little differences.
Many think that men and manners
have changed for the better since
classic and feudal times. This may
or may not be true in some respects
but the Commune was suppressed as
brutally and as mercilessly as the
slave risings in ancient Rome or the
peasants' war in feudal times only
thirty-four years ago in the most
civilized  coun'ry   in  Europe.
Signs are not wanting that our
own capitalist class is prepared to
act in ns brutal and merciless a manner if occasion calls. Experience
gives us no reason to expect otherwise. History gives no instance of a
privileged class which voluntarily
surrendered its privileges.
I>'t us sec to it that we know ox-
what we want and appreciate
the enemy to be faced. We
not   then  be taken  unawares.
__ o	
act Iy
The response to a newspaper advertisement offering one day's work to
fifty snow-shovellers brought such a
crowd to Kifth street New York, on
March 2 that the police reserves had
to be called out to disperse the
hungry mob of applicants who wore
scrambling for work checks. When
the police reserves arrived upon the
scene a score or more of individuals
were engaging in fisticuffs over possession of the coveted job of shoveling snow all day for {2.00.
An instance of the "incentive" furnished by the present system and
which it is alleged Socialism would
destroy. Heaven forbid that anything be done to destroy the "incentive" that impels workers to fight
for the chance to shovel snow. May
snowstorms occur more frequently.
Competition may appear to be the
life of trade, hut that it is death to
the small trader is a matter of fact
and not of appearance.
• Underneath the human tideways, *
• Where the restless currents meet •
• With the chattering of the market •
• And the rumbling of the street;   •
• •
• In the blaze of heartless splendor •
• Where the souls of men consume; •
• There unmarked, but unforgotten, •
• Is a many-mart vrcd tomb. •
• •
• But no templed shrine upbuilded  •
• Points its finger to the sky, •
• And no altar stones are shapen    •
• Where our martyr's ashes lie.       •
• •
• 'Neath the feet of vulgar tyrants, *
• Skulking priests and fawning        •
• slaves, •
• C'hainlcsK, now, their limbs are    •
• resting •
• In their dark, dishonored graves. •
• •
• In the cold earth's kindly bosom, *
• Heedless, now, of blame or praise,•
• They arc silent all whose death-   *
• song '       •
• Was the deathless"Marseil!aise"; *
• »
• When behind the ruined rampart   •
• And the flaming barricade, •
• All their faith's full final tribute •
• Unto Liberty wns paid. •
• |       •
• Yet, all earth is now their altar   *
• And the priestess,  Freedom, •
• stands— •
• Holds our hearts as votive offer- •
• ings, •
• Like the first fruits of the lands. *
• • •
• For, from all Mankind's wide       •
• harvests •
• Hearts are consecrated now, *
At the world's great shrine of
On  Montmartre's   bloody   brow.
Not In vain  by  torch and rifle
Perished they who would be free;
Not in vain the brave were murdered
By the faithless bourgeoisie.
Freedom lights anew her censer
At such hecatombs as this,
When the death-cold lips that
loved her
Feel her sacramental kiss.
From the earth  that drank their
life  blood,
Lo!    A  phantom crop upsprings;
Souls that move in changeless
With the living soul  of things.
Truth,  long crushed to earth, is
Scorn and hate are overpast;
•luster years have born their
All must honor them at last.
For the eurth is rich with heroes,
Lo!     They rise in many lands,
And they speak Mankind's new
At the clasping of the hands.
Hailing: "Comrade," "Friend,''
and "Brother";
These no empty words will be;
Freedom's soil at last will nourish
Love that best befits the free.
Parker Williams Introduces Aeieadaieat te Election Act.
It is a notorious fact that the elec- That efforts are being put forth by
Lion laws of British Columbia need a our Socialist comrades in tha Pro-
most   thorough   overhauling,       „hii„vincial   House   to  remove    at   least
,        some ol the obstacles in the way of
they are (ajiiiy     in more ways tnanl/reo ,,oliUL.a] ox,)iessioni furnished by
the present Elections Act, is shown.
by the following bill introduced by
Parser Williams last  week.
one, in the matter 01 compelling u
deposit ol <fliW io be lnuUe loc uucu
conuiuate Works un especial hardship
upon any poll deal movement thui
uoes not spring trout mc propertied
class, when working men in order lo
further their interests, find it advisable io 'place cuudiuuics in thu field
they are cblu'roiiieU u> the no Way
lash in ilieir case ol providing a sum
01 moiu'i in iilu uuj ol u deposit
that is a severe strain upon their
Blunder resources. Whether the act
as it now staiuis wus or was not designed for the purpose of putting obstacles in the way of a free political
expression oi working-class interests,
it unquestionably does effect such
That which tends to hamper the
freedom of political expression is a
crime against human society as its
tendency is to retard the peaceful
and ready adaptation of such* principles relating to property as may be
necessary to the welfare of society
and enable it to move onward and
upward in conformity to the ever-
developing economic basis upon which
it rests. To obstruct or hinder the
free adaptation of social and industrial institutions, to the ever increasing economic power developing
within the bosom of society as the
machinery and method of wealth production, becomes more highly perfected, is to scatter seed for a crop
of turbulence, destruction and blood-
', shed, that every lover of peave and
I progress must fervently hope may be
t avoided.
The Colorado contested governorship case—Peabody against Adams
(p. fi«2)—is nearly concluded. On
March 2 the contest committee filed
four reports. One of these, signed
by 14 Republican members, u major-
so, Adams will be unseated and the!
delectable James 1., seated for an-l
other term. !
An Act to amend the "Provincial
Elections Act." ,
His Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative
Assembly of the Province of British
Columbia,  enacts  as follows:
X. This Act may bu cited as the
"Provincial Elections Act Amendment Act,  1905."
2. Sub-section (1) of section 64 of
chapter 17 of the Statutes of 1903-4
is hereby amended by striking out
the words "two hundred," in the
sixth line thereof, and by substituting therefor  the  word "fifty."
3, Sub-section (ii) of said section
04 of the said chapter, is hereby
amended by striking out the words
"two hundred," in lino two thereof,
and by substituting therefor the
word "fifty."       «
As the passage of this amendment
could work no hardship to any political movement, it will be difficult
to forecast what particular objection
may be offered to its passage. For
the benefit of those not familiar with
ihe present act, it would be well to
say that ihe deposit is in each respective case forfeited unless the candidate succeeds in polling at least
half as many votes as the elected
Smull difference to the workers of|
the state whichever political ucci-1
dent gets the coveted job, as each
ity of 1. recommends the unseating! stand for the same thing, that is
of Adams and the seating of Pea-! the tbe system of property which,
body, on the ground that when frau-j has so mercilessly dealt with the redolent     votes     are    deducted    from' calcitrant   Colorado   workers   during.
Adam's majority, a majority of 2,-
200 for Peabody results ; but Ii
of the 14 reserve the right to change
their views after hearing argument
in joint session of the legislature. A
second report, signed by 1 Republican, favors nullifying the election
and   declaring   the   governorship  va
The tale of the horrors heaped upon the Russian workiog class will
probably never be fully told, as from
all accounts it is beyond the power
of language to describe. The following extract from u private letter
written by the wife of a man connected with one of the institutions
of learning in St. Petersburg, to a
friend in Massachusetts we ciip from
an   exchange:
past years
The   outcome   of   the   gubernatorial
embroglio will be awaited  with much
interest   and   will   doubtless     be     of
such a nature as might afford a useful lesson to those who believe that
questions  relating  to    the   material
interests of either men or classes,
cant. A third, signed by 9 Demo-lean be settled by specious and senii-
cratic members, finds thnt no case'mental argument as to right or
has been math- for Peabody,  because wrong,     lt  will  be discovered     that   about   ii   from
such   questions   are   not   disposed   of
from     the     standpoint  of  right    or
wrong, but from that of power.
The Colorado affair is truly a de-
. . .. lightful mess, and an additional con-
40 Denver precincts, but that AdansJ fll.llul,jon of tlu. assertion so often
still has a majority of 4,800. Vo»made by the «ociailst> lhttt capital-
ing in joint session of the legislating t pomics aro uul|y as cU,an n,
began on the 8th. Ihe first to.U th(1 svst(l,n of property whose ox_
vote was oyer the question of over* pro8sion it is, Capitalist property
ruling a decision of the chair against       ,a Utnc  as Ued   t0   the
allowing the minority report nullify* plundering of the working class. This
ing  the  election  and  declaring     tha ,„   „„„     ,,.„„„     dm,u       d  outr
governorship vacant,   to como bcfoi* ant|   tho   uUfer    ,|isl.(.ga,.(l    ()f     every
the legislative body.     The chair was worlhy conception of principle, honor' sent  to the hospitals (and in what a
the   Democrats,   rein* or ^oconcy.     Its  political  expression : condhion,   great    Ood!).      The  dead
after deducting all possible votes
Adams still has a majority of 7,200.
The fourth report, signed by the
chairman and three other republicans, finds  thut fraud  was shown
overruled     by
1 can write you only a few words.
1 am suffering too much over what
is going on here. Vou surely know
the paiiers. All Europe is horror-stricken at tho cruelty
of our government. The soldiers
tired volleys into a peaceful crowd,
which included children, old men and
women, and whose only crime was
presenting a petition. There were
even cannon shots in the evening.
We could  hear  them  distinctly.
The number of killed and wounded
must have been very great. They
are trying to niako out that there
were only a few, relying upon the
registers of the hospitals; but only
those  who  showed  signs of life were
people do not sulTer, and the sufferings are of every imaginable kind.
1 think even those scoundrels who arranged the slaughter cannot be hap-
Comrade 0. M. O'Brien, who is
making a trip through the interior
of the Province on behalf of the
Provincial Executive Committee of
the Socialist Party of Canada, addressed an audience of over 100 persons at Revelstoke on March 9. To
those tiho know 0. M. it will be a
matter of no surprise to learn that
his efforts on this occasion were appreciated by those who listened to
him,  as the following will show.
No  votd it
forced  by  22   Republicans.     «o  vou, lfl fts at.curat0 a reflex of »   as th(
was reached  on  the adoption of anjs. election  in a mirror is of the object
of the reports.-The Public. h„]d Move j(
That  both     the    Republican     and
Democratic     gangs     of    highbinder       The    Provincial    House   seems    as.     t ^ dea(J ^      £ om, Qf QUr stu.
does   not °-Uiet  f,8  a, ,"°,;g'lle  a".d  U.s  ,n,"aU'sl!.le.ns.  who had  received six wounds.
; were piled in a heap, to be buried
jail together without being counted.
I'They had the cruelty to deny the
[parents the ilcnit bodies of their
•sons.     We  were  fortunate enough  to
practiced wholesale fraud ^B „„* ^ wel,_behavwJ as churt.h deacons
admit of dispute. The question silK.e tho8C terrible eight-hour bills
seems to resolve itself into which) were safely killed. Were it not for
one was the more skillful at the busi- an occasional pitiful and harrowing
ness. In the last analysis it will b «q"<*"'k from the Liberal press over
decided by the one having sufficient s',ls of omission and commission on
power to make its decision effective ,np I,art of tne Socialist members
From reading the above it would ufw and their alleged government allies,
pear that this power rests with the no one would know it were in ses-
Peabody side of the controversy.    If sion. %,
Our     whole    community   buried   him
with   the  greatest   consideration  and
j love.     To   see   the   despair   and   grief
• of his unhappy mother was very trying.
tine can never be sure of returning
home in safety. I am always in the
greatest anxiet,\ when nn- boys and
husband are away. All Russia is an
inferno; there is not a place where
Editor Western Clarion:
Comrade O'Brien lectured on Socialism to a line audience in Selkirk
Hall, Rivelstoke on the 9th inst.
Those who were inclined to criticise
were much pleased with his method
of handling the subject. His endeavors to point out to his fellow workingmen their true economic position
and the solution of the problem of
the unemployed offered by Socialism,
showed evidence of careful study and
an intense revolutionary spirit.
While his delivery is forceful, he lacks
confidence, but his great earnestness
and enthusiasm holds his audience to
the end.
With practice and a slight enlargement of vocabulary, Comrade O'Brien
will  rank  with  the ablest exponents
of the economic problems of the day.
—Ona Who Was There.
The situation of the unemployed in
Christ iania i.s becoming desperate. A
meeting of workmen recently decided
to form a procession to the house of
the Prince Regent and to Parliament
and claim their right to be provided
with  work.
»ll Citizens of the Civilized World: !
you, citizens of the civilized
Id, to you who enjoy political
loin and civil rights, the Russian
iilutionary Party appeals, and by
^is of this Proclamation explains
Russia,   as   iu   other  countries,
Revolutionary   Bourgeois  depend
the working class to throw off
[yoke of absolutism and conquer
ticul and civil rights, and after-
ds will betray the working class.
le    political   fate  of  our   mother
ptry makes us endeavor to unite
pr  the standard  of International
iilutionary   Socialism   the   work-
fclasH of Russia in an intelligent
and for civil nnd political rights
til Riissiu.
Bs,   Citizens,   not  very  long    ago
"Fighting Organization" of our
fty executed a bloody act of jus-
|for which the "Central Commit-
tiikes all responsibility on itself
■re the tribunal of History, and
Ire the people of all civilized mils.    It was not the act of a mere
fidunl.     '
do  Party  after  thorough    know-
and   ripe  reflection,    came    to
'conclusion  that   the   tyrannical
cy of Minister of tho Interior Von
Ive—the real autocrat of all Rus-
way as we previously termina-
or tried to terminate, the sway
it her tools of the same despotic
F.v—Von     PUhve's    predecessor—
ngiii; the .lack Ketch of the de-
bless peasants, Obolensky; Bog-
|vich, who pierced the breasts of
pful   workingmen,   and  other  ty-
insulters of political  prisoners,
|exiles In Siberian dungeons,
doing so our Party went back
From the Central Committee of the Russian Socialist
Revolutionary Party
to the trnditions of that energetic
organization "The People's Will" in
which more than a quarter-century
back Karl Marx and Frederick Engels saw the vanguard of the International Socialist Revolution.
The execution of these political
agents in whom was incarnated all
the horror and barbarity of Czarism,
drew out in the public press of all
civilized countries—notwithstanding
the usual conventional limitations—
expressions of general satisfaction.
Therefore it is not necessary to enlarge on the political and moral significance of this act.
Von Plehve was executed :
I. Because twenty years ago he
confined in the stony cells of Sts.
Peter, Paul and Schlesonburg fortresses, our brothers of the organization "The People's Will" and subjected them to such tortures that
were in violation of even the laws of
the Russian Empire, aa a result of
which thev died by dozens, succumbing victims of bereavement and insanity generated by a life worse than
is pictured in Dante's "Inferno," and
a few are still dragging out a terrible existence.
2. Because this all-powerful tyrant
of Russia not only restored but reinforced those terrible repressive
measures against the intelligent
working class nnd peasants; against
all who live, who think nnd who suffer in Russia. During his two years
as non-responsible Vizier he hung on
the scaffold or buried alive in the
tombs of our ilastiles, HiilmasholT,
l/'kkerl, Qerschung, the girl Frum-
kina, and many, many other bravo
champions of Right and Freedom.
In Uffas, the central industrial city
of the south, the streets ran red with
the blood Of hundreds and hundreds
of workingmen, pierced by the bullets of the soldiers. He inaugurated
in the prisons and the fortresses
where our brothers were confined the
most hideous nnd humiliating custom— disembowlment of prisoners-
even going so far as breaking the
arms of prisoners across the knees
of their jailers. At the time of the
Agricultural Agitation in 1902, he
ordered the peasants flogged to death
meantime permitting the drunken
Cossacks to criminally assault the
defenceless  wives and daughters.
.'I. Because he wished to stop the
spread of revolutionary ideas he bent
all his energies in arousing aversion
and antagonism between the various
nationalities in the Empire, lie carried to its extremity the Russoficu-
lion of Finland, destroying thi\ constitution of thut loyal and peaceful
country. He pitilessly pursued Poles,
Armenians mid .lews, making against
the last named in the cities of Kish-
iniefi and (lowell a real Bartholomew's night. Where merciless llus-
sinn Hots, under Ihe influence of vodka (brandy) and excited by the police, inflicted the most horrible tortures on women, old men and children in a manner never dreamed of by
"Marquis de Sad."
•1. Because he attempted to enlist
in his service the international secret, police in all the civili/ed countries of Europe and endeavored to-
subordinate them to the worn-out
regime of  Czarism,   and  even  davaif
in Italy. Germany and France io lay
traps for Russian Revolutionists who
had  escaped   the  claw   of   the  "Moscow  Eagle."
.">. Lastly because he used alt his
Influence with the Czar to bring on
the war with Japan. Ry so doing
he involved our sorrowing country
in the most uncalled-for nnd disastrous conflict iu her history. To appease the appetites of his friends, the
pirates ItresobrasolV, AlexielT & Co.,
he sacrificed hundreds of thousands
of young lives and millions of roubles,   which   were   squeezed   from   the
hungry  and  Inhumanly  over-worked
For nil of these crimes against the
people and the Mother Country, nnd
hiinianil.v he was sentenced and executed by the Fighting Organization
of the Revolutionary Party, of Russia.
Now we appeal with this proclamation to all citizens of the civilized
world,   saying :
On you falls the task of spreading
in your free countries rightful ideas
regarding  the  character of  the com
bat  which has arisen between absolutism and the llussian people.
Ho not believe the mean calumnies
of~the minions of Czarism who wish
to make it appear that wo are barbarous men and enemies to civilization because we seek to break the
savage clutches of despotism; because
W0 wish to free a great people from
the yoke of Czarism and open to
them access to present civilization.
We Socialist Revolutionists are fighting now not. only for our own standard but for Liberal and Democratic
demands of all Russia.
Though obliged to use force as a
means of prosecuting our struggle,
yet we condemn as strongly as any
body the "terrorist" tactics in a free
country. But in Russia where despotism excludes ull open political action; where we know only arbitrariness; where we cannot find safety
from irresponsible power autocratically seated on every step of the Bureaucratic ladder, we are forced to
resist the violence of tyranny by the
force of Revolutionary Right.
Do not forget that, besides the special actions of our "Fighting Organization" we put ail our strength and
force to propagate Ihe truths of Socialism among the working class and
peasants, also into the repolutionary
organization of the masses.
And we hope that in this historical struggle for Freedom', Citizens of
the Civilized World, your hearts will
be on our side for I'ighteoiisness und
.lust ice.
Signed :
Central   Committee    of    the  Russian
Socialist   Revolutionary Party.
Translated for the Western (Marion
by Comrade Paul Muluicoff. .1
" 41
The Western Hon
Published every Saturday in the
Interests of tlie Working Class alone
•t tbe office of the Western Clarion,
Flick block basement, 165 Hastings
Vancouver, B. C.
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Address all commurdratloos to
Box 8j6,
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Wstch the label oil your |tsper
If this DUfflbtr is on it, your
subscription expire* next issue.
Manli  18,   1*06
David H. Bynn of Ferguson, B. C,
took exception to an editorial which
appeared in "The Western Clarion"
and forwarded an article to that
Journal, which was refused publication. The editorial in the "Western
Clarion" was a misrepresentation oi
the "Manifesto" that was issued from
the conference that was held in Chicago in January, und Mr. Byan sent
the following reply to the odltor, in
answer to his criticisms upon the
Silver Camp Mine, Ferguson, B.C.,
Feb. 6,  1&05.
Editor   "Western   Clarion."   Vancouver, B. C;
Dear Sir,—1 notice in the last issue of the "Western Clarion" an article knocking the proposed new national labor organisation. It is evident you have not aeeii the Manifesto leierred to, and have made
ciiliusi- based upon souie garbled
ucw»pu|fi report, iou have quoted
ben'.eni»■••> as extracts from the "Mau-
Uoo-o which do not appear in the
orifc »nl a- all, and olhei extracts
nave been so misconstrued as to lose
iltJir original meaning altogether.
The "V, it, tern Clarion" is always
Knocking and belittling any ellort of
tbe wciking class to improve their
present conditions, and especially
wnjn such ellort is made by organized labor. 1 had hoped lo see this
sulcida* policy luid un the shelf when
the paper changed management, but
1 win disappointed. The "Western
Clarion" howls with joy (louder than
the capitalist press) whenever labor
gets it in the.neck. You appear to
think that labor must be ground into
the dust by the iron heel of capital;
that we must each and all be covered by the * orious and vile slimes of
the gutter of degradation before we
will get intelligent independence enough to appreciate Socialism. A sui-
vey of economic and industrial conditions will reveal the uttei fallacy
of that iilea. The workers of Eastern Canada come very near the
depths, as a whole, and in part have
.cached the bottom, yet socialism
has made slow progress there, whereas, here in British Columbia we work
under belter conditions and get belter wages than any place in Canada,
aad socialism is making enormous
strides with us The credit for this
belongs largely to the labor unions,
which are the tthi ols of socialism,
educating the workers in the principles of naternity, the sacredness of
Justice and the power of organized
effort. The Western Federation of
Miners lead all others in spreading
Socialism, intelligent fighting, logical, socialism, through the West, and
when our president, Charles Moyer,
aad Secretary William Haywood,
who represent the most intelligent.
strongest and most progressive labor
organization the world has ever
known; when they subscribe to a call
for a convention to organize a national labor organization, it is evidence that the organization will be
up-to-date in every respect, and armed with all modern weapons of industrial warfare, and that all hoary
headed, useless traditions will be sent
to the boneyard. To proceed to the
Others who have subscribed to this
"Manifesto," each and all have proved themselves honest, capable and
progressive, tho most advanced and
best writers in socialism, labor leaders (without reputations, thank
Ood). In the luce of this I would
only smile at your effusion, were it
not that 1 blush to think your
calumnies would be regarded by those
who do not know better as representative of tho Socialists of this province. 1 have heard union men, as
pood Socialists as walk curse your
paper time and again The "Western
Clarion" should be a power for the
cause, but instead of that it Is a
detriment. I am a Socialist and support Socialism with purse and vote.
but I wouldn't have your paper as a
gift, so long us it is run on present
lines.*    Yours  truly,
—Miners'   Magazine,   Mar.  9.
ed by an ah»olute lack of any argument whatever, would point to an
extreme paucity of any thiuic uf val-
we in its editorial sanctum to fill up
with instead. The Clarion confesses
to not publishing all such stuff as
comes to it. and presumes the Miners'   Magazine   does   likewise.
Now, to thp excitable Mr. Ryan.
The gentleman is seriously in error
when he accuses us of "kno.king and
belittling any effort of the working
class to improve their present conditions, and especially when such effort is made by organized labor."
We ha\e repeatedly asserted such efforts tu be laudable in the extreme,
whether put forth by individuals' or
organized bodies, provided the means
used are not such as to deprive other
workers of their legal rignts in the
premises. We have repeatedly stated
however, and we stale it again for
Mi. Ryan's benefit, that it is the
hclghth of lolly tor tin- workers to attempt to  better  their conditions by
"bucking   the   iron   law'   of   wages" in
u chronically overstocked labor market. Thai the average condition of
labor ha been continual!} sinking in
spite oi tlie stubborn efforts of the
workers since the beginning of the
upitulisi ays tern, to prevent it, is a
fact so patent that il ought to be
recognized by Mr. Ryan, it hus already been recognized by every sane
person who bus taken the trouble to
make observations. We experience no
feeling of joy when labor "gets it in
the neck," but on the contrary, one
of profound sorrow. We have, however, little sympatihy to waste upon
the workers so long as they stubbornly persist in expending their efforts along u line of action that has
always, und must inevitably result
in their "getting it in the neck." It
would appeur that "labor must be
ground into the dust by the iron heel
of capital, before the workers will
obtain the knowledge necessary to
point the way to a line of action
that will lead to their deliverance.
That finding must continue while
a master class i.s in control of the
means of wealth production, and are
thus enabled lo hold Mr. Ryan and
his fellow workers in economic bondage.
The assertion thai the workers in
British Columbia get belter wages
and work under better conditions
than elsewhere in failudu is a bald
one, and not borne out by the facts
in Ihe case. By making it Mr. Ryan
shows himself entirely uninformed as
to the commodity nature of labor
power, and the inexorable, though
unwritten, economic luws that govern its exchange. As such knowledge
forms ihe very bu.-.is of the Socialist
movement, in whicn Mr. ityau seems
interested, ii would be quite in older
for him lo ucijuire u modicum of it
before again delivering u consignment of "hot shot."
Mr. Ryan says thai Socialism is
making "enormous strides with us,"
ami aili'ibulcs the same lo the belter conditions and wages obtained
here, credit for all of which he gives
largely lo the labor unions. Another
bald assertion not warranted by
facts. We hud been leud to believe
ihul Socialism wus maning "strides"
all over the capitalist world, due lo,
and egged on, by ihe continually inert-using economic pressure brought
io bear upon the working class, by
an ever more complete development of
capitalist property. Mr. Ryan's assertion, however, clearly points out
to iis where  we w.'ie'in error.
As to the persons referred to by
Mr. Ryan, we have nothing to oiler.
Presumably they ure us well-intentioned as Mr, Ryan himself. If it
comforts loin to pour out a little
flattery upon them it is nut for us to
object. Me would not do it for the
world if we thought, by so-doing we
might detract from Mr. Ryan's pleasure in pouring il. We are quite firm
in our belief that in the last analysis
every one gets whnt is coming to
him. As our portion seems to be
"hot shot" we ure eminently satisfied especially if it be no hotter than
that which    Mr.     Ryan hus already
■ •-rs-r^tsSirTs:
**arCfc 1*
Ladysmith, March 13.—(Special.—
Rumors that have been floating about in the Inst few days came to a
head on Saturday afternoon when all
thp miner* working in the Extension
coal mines, owned by James Dunsmuir. received instructions that their
services were no loneer required, and
were ordered to take their tools out
f the working's.
Only a couple of months ago the
men were told that hrlehter times
were in store, that the large contracts that had been made in San
Francisco for Australian coal when
the Ladysmith strike was in force
somewhat over a year ago, would
speedily expire, and that larger shipments than ever would be made from
Extension once more. Now consternation reigns among the men and the
business firms as to what will be the
result of the present change of affairs. It is understood, however,
that the company now intends to
work one shift instead of two, and
that the services of some 200 or 300
of the 1000 miners hitherto employed
will bo dispensed witli. The real reason, therefore, of the order is to enable the company to employ the men
it wishes, as all will now have to ap-
pl.v again for work tie novo. As a
matter of fact, one shift under the
new management will dig as much
coal as the two shifts have been doing, and at less expense, as some of
the men as indicated, can be dispensed with.
For some months previous to the
middle of December the mines were
not working full time; two or three
days a week the men were idle when
the ljunkers were full and no vessels
were arriving to load.
Underneath the order, those who
are in a position to closely watch
the progress of affairs assert that
Mr. Dunsmuir has in view the weeding out of men who are considered
undesirable. ladysmith, as is well
known, has a large number of Socialists among its population, and it
is believed to be the plan of the management that by making all the miners apply for work anew, the Socialist, element will be dropped from the
payroll and practically forced to
leave the town, as there will be no
work  for  its  members.—Daily press.
Just where the Miners' Magazine
got its information as to our refusal
to publish this extremely lucid production of the excitable Mr. Ryan,
we do not know. That such productions will pour in to the office of any
Journal that prods the "hoary-headed useless traditions," referred to by
Mr. Ryan, goes without, saying. That
any sano sheet would find room for
such productions, containing as this
one does, merely a string of bald
assertions devoid of truth, and murk-
Mr. Ryan might as well save his
blushes because of our calumnies, as
we ure entirely unconscious of having
uttered any. We would not feel it
our duty to blush for him should he
even make un ass of himself which we
hope he will never do. Those union
men up around Ferguson who indulge
in cursing should remember that
"curses, like chickens, come home to
roost," Before we indulge in such
pastime we first make sure that we
know what we are cursing about.
Wo are extremely sorry, that Mr.
Ryan's "hot shot" us it appeared in
Ihe Miners' Magazine, was not an exact fac-simile of that sent to this office. In that, sheet he says, " 1 am
a Socialist and support Socialism
with purse and vote," etc. In tho
"shot" sent to this office, and which
is still on file in the curio department, he says: "I am u Socialist.
I dug up a five-spot for Baker's campaign," etc. In establishing the con-
snnguinenl cash nexus betwixt himself
and the Socialist movement it were
well to give some idea of the size of
it, so that its binding strength
might be gauged with a fair degree
of accuracy, Therefore the diagram
sent In to this olllce is of greater
vultle than that published by our
Denver exchange.
Mr. Ryan is absolutely correct in
saying: "I wouldn't, have your paper
as a gift." The price of the Wes-
ern Clation  is one dollar   per   year,
payable In advance. The keen observation of the gentleman evidently disclosed the fact that it is not a
gift enterprise. "Hot Shot?" well,
we should say,   Yes.
The contention of the Socialist that
ownership of the means of wealth
production necessarily carries with it
complete control of the laborers even
to the extent of depriving them of
life, receives striking confirmation in
the above news item. "tyou take
my life if you do take the means
whereby 1 live," as Shylock said. In
the ladysmith case Dunsmuir virtually takes, or attempts to take, the
lives of those among the workers
who do not coincide with this precious personage in his political views
The only way those discriminated
against by Dunsmuir, or those dependent upon them, may escape with
their lives is by the fortunate circumstances of finding some other
member of his delectable capitalist
tribe who may be of less discriminating taste as to matters of opinion,
or ignorant of their offending against
the Dunsmuir tyranny.
Of all the ferocious creations that
have infested the earth, none can
discount capital in point of ferocity.
Conscienceless and unscrupulous in
its mad quest for profit, it strips its
owners and votaries of all human
semblance or attribute, and exposes
them as the living personification of
everything that i.s ghoulish, cruel,
low, mean, vile and contemptible.
The action of a capitalist as such, is
not the action of a man. A man
can be nothing less than a being
with humane instincts and attributes
and as such could not exercise power
to crush his fellows though such
power should lie within his reach.
That Dunsmuir i.s a superior grade
of capitalist none need question. An
ignorant clown, by the accident of
birth placed in the position of
motithpiece to capitalist property,
the very grossness of his ignorance
renders him particularly insensate to
anything other than the interests of
the capital whose instrument he is.
in the magnitude of his luck of all
qualities of manhood lies his superior qualification to voice the interests
of capital, that creation that fattens
upon the life blood of labor by mercilessly wringing profit from its unpaid toil.
If there be a workingman either at
Ladysmith or elsewhere who is still
in doubt as to tho truth of the Socialist contention thut the capitalist
is utterly useless except to make
trouble for the workers, a few more
lessons by Dunsmuir should convince
them by clinching the point.
Let the workers be not dismayed
because of these contemptible persecutions at the hands of Dunsmuir's
ilk. Those thut have already occurred are petty in compared with what
is to come. That more and worse
is to follow cannot be doubted by he
who understands the nature of the
beast of capitalist property.
May each added persecution stir
the workers to increased activity in
getting ready to kick tho beast into
oblivion. The Dunsmuir's will then
come down with a dull thud, and if
they ever get up again it will be as
men and not as vulgar mouthpieces
of tyrannical capital, and public nuisances.
Tho recent hasty departure of Mr.
Sergius from Moscow was attended
by the destruction of a very fine
carriage This destruction of useful
things should be discouraged.
Many a man finds it no easy task
to provide an ordinary sized family
with bread and butter. Not a few
complain loudly because of the difficulties they encounter in this respect.
As the average family consists of not
more than five persons who are dependent upon the family head for
their bread and butter, the task of
providing it is a signed one compared to that of Senator William A.
Clark, of Montana.
Being questioned ns to why he
worked so hard, he is quoted as saying among other things, that "thousands of men and women were depending upon his energies for their
bread and butter." In the light of
this, he who would complain at the
task of supporting an ordinary sized
family should hang his head in
shame. And yet the story is not half
told; Clark is reputed to lie worth
several hundred millions of dollars
which he has presumably been able to
save over and above the keep of the
thousands "dependent upon his energies " And yet the Senator does not
complain. In referring to the numerous enterprises "he" carries on. and
out of which he meets these necessarily large "bread and butter" bills,
he says: "These affairs are part of
my life work." Just what the other
part may be is not stated, but this
is the particular part which ho most
enjoys. He who has only a petty
half-do^on, or dozen, or even two or
three dozen dependents, nnd makes
complaint of the difficulty of the task
of providing them with "bread and
butter." should be treated with a
well-merited contempt.
Seems to us that we have heard of
Clork"s penchant for hard work before Did he not cheerfully expend no
inconsiderable energy in acquiring his
seat in the United States Senate?
(Karl Kautsky.)
The Socialists, prior to Marx and
Engels, had no conception of the
class struggle. This struggle was naturally a political one. Its aim was
the attainment of political power to
be used in the interest of the laboring class. The Socialists of that
time, disgusted with the actions of
all old parties, refused to place their
Utopia into the struggle of the laboring class in opposition to the old
society, and sought rather to bring
it in behind the shoulders of that society and outside the sphere of its
corrupt influence. They advocated
abstinence from all political action,
aud every class struggle, in order,
through isolated "Propaganda of the
Deed," by certain advanced individuals, to convince the mass of the
people of the necessity and utility
of socialism. These socialists were
very peaceable people, who saw only
misfortune in the necessary conflict
between the laboring class and eap-
italists and not a lover of historical
advance. They hoped to avoid this
antagonism by educating the capitalist class concerning its true interests. As a means to this end their
^'Propaganda of the Deed" was very
harmless, consisting for the most
part in the founding of productive
associations, socialist colonies and
the like.
,• The great achievement of Marx and
Engels lay in their bridging over the
chasm between tho theoretical socialism and the practical, political labor
movement. They sought to utilize
every power of the struggling proletariat to bring in the new society.
In place of the exertions of individuals they substituted tho power of
the whole laboring class; for the
good will of "friends of humanity"
they substituted natural necessity,
which forced the laboring class on
pain of destruction to oppose the
capitalist oppression. Opposed to
individual efforts on a small scale
they maintained that the new form
of industry could only be secured
through the common united efforts
of the class-conscious proletariat, of
all lands They pointed out that the
new manner of production could not
arise from individual autonomous associations, colonies or communities,
but could only come through the
appropriation of the means of production nnd the systematic organization of labor in the united nations
of   present  capitalistic  civilization.
They gave expression to this opinion in the Communist Manifesto,
which also formed the foundation of
the  "Internntlonnl."
The time for the old unpolitical so-
sialism appeared past. Labor parties
were everywhere adopting socialist
and political programs. The year
1S18 had destroyed, for all thinking
laborers, the illusion that only a
misunderstanding existed between
them nnd the bourgeoisie. The class
stniercie sprang up all along the line
In Europe. There was no longer any
place for peaceful, unpolitical socialism. The question of po.ltlcal action
for the laboring class was no longer
a question of doctrine, but a question of life and  death.
But the unpolitical socialism continued to appear, especially in economically backward lands, where the
laborers had lust begun to move, or
in those where the little bourgeois
clement still predominated, as in
Paris, or in countries where the laboring class were politically helpless, as in Belgium, or, finally, in
those lands where there could bo no
question of a class struggle of the
laboring class,  as  in  Russia.
Rut this new unpolitical socialism
could no longer he peaceable. The
class strugirle had become too well
known among the laboring class.
For the "Propaganda of the Deed"
of individuals through colonies and
associations this new unpolitical socialism substituted the "Propaganda
of'the reed" of individuals through
conspiracy and force. The mnn who
applied the old unpolitical socialism
of I'roudhon In this manner to the
existing industrial conflict, and so
created modern anarchism, was Ba-
Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a c\r I
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
W. H. Flowers, C. Peters, Alf. Leah;
A. J, Wilkinson, treasurer; R. P
Pettipiece, secretary, 25 Tenth ave.,
Vancouver,  B, C.
4psw*lvfry Labor Union In the nron i
vited to place a card under thm heart    ,   '' 't I
month.    Secretaries pleaae uou ' '°° Pt>
W. F. M.    Meet a   cv,M   $■.,„:;'•}
evening in Union hall. J "k  R.urd*>
president; Ernest   Mill.,    'e,r.,  '
• 3,rl-retary.
Miners'   Union, No^l
'■*•"'•  Satur/,1
of B. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening in the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 313 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening nt 8 o'clock in the Le Petite
theatre, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Phoenix Trades and Labor   fvT~~"
Meets every alternate fe*1
John Riordan, president- 'r.\| y
Brown, vice-president; '(-> m ,"'
casse sergeant-at-arms; \y 'fi n '
bury, secrTtary-treastirer   !> c\ ,,"'
198, Phoenix, B, C. '   'Lf"
Phoenix      Miners'
W. P. M.    Meet.
Union,    N0
.'■very Sai
evening at  7.30 o'clock  in  M
Wm. Harnett, president; l„
Nanaimo .Winers' Union, Nc
Practical Boot
and Shoe Makar
Hand-Made Hoots anil Shot s to order in
all styles.   KepniriiiK promptly and neatly 'low,-.     Stock   of staple   reaily made
Shoes always on haud.
2496 WtttolMttr Ave       Mont Plenut.
r-    i, • '77, Wl
F.  M     meets  every third -Saturd"'
from July 2.    Alfred Andrew, ,„J
idem; Jonathan    l.hcrwooil. |-,,[
Box jjy,  Xnuaiiiio, B.  C., rcciirj
ing secretary. "
J.  KllWARD  KIKII. A.  0.   IlKVMlN-Jii K
ItEO. K. McCiioisiuh.
Rilhvny Blink     Tel. 8».    P.O. Sox (132.
384 Hnt.tfli Street     -     Vncomr, B. C
The International Brotherhood J
Electrical Workers.-Local No J
Meets second and fourth Thiiril
flays at !. B. E. W. Hall, Room I
Ingleside Block. President
Dillabotigh; recording secrcUtl
Geo. P. Parr; financial secretary ,{■
H. Sellar. Address all conimunnF
tions to the ball, A|l soiournml
brethren cordially invited.
Editor Western Clarion:
Dear Sir;—Please publish the following in your valuable paper after
investigating whether correct or not:
In Census bulletin Liu, page 3, we
find that the Manufacturing establishments of the United .states made
a profit in the year 1000 to the
amount of $1,918,000,000.
Example 31,918,000,000 divided by
80,000,000 (the population of U. S.)
equals $'2ii.97i per capita (man, woman and child, whether a producer
or not).
Question—Who are the confiscutors?
This does not include the $404,-
000,700 paid the olllcers who receive
this snlary over and above the afore-
Stated prolit. Nor does it in hide
the $800,000,000 made by transportation companies, nor the billions
made in the manipulation of stock,
wheat, cotton, or any other commodity which is often forced up to
twice its '"'aliie and then sold out
and left on the hands of those who
can ill afford it. Oram! system this.
Yours  truly,
Abel  Hallberg.
P.S.—Pleave give other papers authority to copy.—A, IL
The Idaho Legislature slaughtered
an eight-hour bill recently upon the
grounds that the miners were opposed to a shorter work day. Sounds
peculiarly like some of the talk indulged in by the capitalist politicians at Victoria last, week while similar bills were under discussion.
. ■ -—■— 1 — ■
The Vancouver Chop Home
3(1 Water St.  (Basement)
For the Best and Cheapest Meals in
the   City.     One   visit   assures us your trade.
Meals  15c.  and  up.     Tickets $3. X).
Open  Day  nnd  Night.
LAWKS ami <:i:nili;mi.n i„ ,
and adjoining territories to re|,ri»«
und advertise the Wholesale and i-,i„,
tioiinl liupnitmeiitii of nn old eStabllll
house ni solid financial standing. s»
ry 8M..VI per day, with •zpenMS ,
vanred inch Monday hy check din
from hfndquarteie. Horse and bu«
furnished when necessary; position
nancnt. Address, lilew Uros. &
Dept,   Ii.   Motion   Itldjr..   Chicago,  III
KSTAlll.rsHHI) 1894
The Oldest I aber Piper ia cjnidi
rti«.vs a fearlesss exponent in the |
catiie of labor.
For one dollar the paper will  le
«'iil to tili\  udilrcs lor i,nc- ytar.
WorkingBieiiofall countries will
* on recognize uVc fact that thetl
must   ippoit ami read tlu-ir labor J
Issued every Friday.
Tlie Vote Publishinf Co., Liniilid |
Miners Magazine
Published Weekly by the
Western FederatiH 01 Miners
A  Vigorous  Advocate of Labor!|
Clcnr-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.       Six Months,
Denver, Colorado.
N   the selection   of   the   Tobutf
that we use in our Cigars wc
••rcise   the   greatest    care,    onil
buying   the   very    best    Tob8fl|
that   is grown.    Our
Kurtzs Own
Kurtz's Pioneers
Spanish Blossoms
Are.made of the ypry best clear H»*""|
na Killers und Sumatra Wrappaji
and are made by expert Union »<"'f
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUU HAT see to It "*■
the Genuine Union Label ja Hewed In lt. If u rd'n1"!
ha* loose lahela In his iiosseanion and oiler.-. tu
one in a hat for you, do not patronize him. I'0"*!
labels In retail stores are counterfeits. The K«i>ul"j
Union Label la perforated on four edges, exactly "|
same as a pontage It amp, Counterfeits are no""!
times perforated on thri>e edges, and some Ui"M "|J'
on two. John B. Stetson Vo, of Philadelphia I" 1
non-union concern.
JOHN  A.  MOPFITT, I'resldont, Orange, N. .1
MAKTIN    I.AWLOH,   Secretary,    ll   Waverlv    l'l"'l
Now York.
OCIAI.I8M la inevitable. That means our economic and n»"'
development will some dny make it clear even to the dnllest ml«»
that a eolation of our industrial problems is possible only bj J*.
dn;J?in., co-operation. Bnt are we to look on passively and wol
until the mind more dull and dense than onr own, has nt 1MJ
reasoned it out all by itself? Certainly not. We want to get there
sooner. And we will get there in the near future lf we set to wort
and educate the man who Is still groping in the dark. We know
things will make him see the light some dny, but we want h »
I? "".I* now> Therefore our Incessant propaganda and nK'"'
tion. To do good work you need good tools. Select your prop"
•■"•I* materlul carefully and you will see results. Two boo"
u.^___m. well tried as means of Socialist propus-anda nre . ...
MODERN SOCIALISM.SthEJition; lSVPkgea; Paper25e,Cloth 75c
^J!7l«&£J *l5e R"V. C.MJL8, H* V"V' Tn'y lm« maa^Xouffnd. of Sm^li|«
&l™r"*«J»**»d convincing presentation of the principles of Socialism. Tohh''"-
■olders of the Comrade Co-opcrntive Co. they are sold at n discount of 40 per cent
  ....... ... ss.oo share In00,'
a— _ a s._»si    Z   " A—••"■•«—«•   *»e*J    U'V   nwtu  iu  II   IIIHHIUl
f-„ n^5iE2?6'ltti,W "«g»"'e br monthly payments of SO cents n .
mSa Sfl    J   ! 1?'],,h!?g Jlon,c Sn™ t**«,">'T enjoy special rates for "The Com
and other Soelnlist l.lteratiire. fion't stand nloofT H tch your wagon to the
rait" 3AY
»»»     r"     0»»
■Marefcl*. IMS
The Economics of Labor
A Lecture Delivered by H. QUELCH.
■— ».
j,re can be no mo.e important
than that of economics, and
uieinbers of this institution are
congratulated upon having
ed a club for the consideration
a subject, 1 am not here to
us an authority on this sublet' to lay down any dogmas.
lis an age of inquiry, and there
' reason why autnority, which is
.so  sharply questioned iu other
[ins of thought, should hold un-
ted sway in tho field of econo-
Vet people who have no hesi-
li In calling into question Moses
lint I'rophets, seem to feel a
of honor if any one dares ts
l.ss scepticism in reference to any
le orthodox theories of political
liny. Important as is a know-
of economic;., especially to
jing men, there is no branch of
fledge of which most people are
ignorant. Political Kconomy
been described as the "dismal
" and it is perhaps, for this
becaii.se they find it so dull
ilismal, that so many, even coin-
lively fairly educated people, are
jtiuinted with its merest rudi-
tthy  it is called  the dismal
(e 1 do not know, unless it is
it bus been used to attempt to
y what is most unjust and bru-
1 human society.
s here that the orthodox econ-
has forgotten his vocation. An
(mist,  us such, is neither an ap-
it nor an advocate, he is simp-
analyist  and  political  econo-
Jproperly  understood,  because it
lins   the  action   of   laws   which
Ice    much     that     is harsh and
iful, is no more a dismal science
nit  reason  than  is chemistry a
si      science     because  it  affords
vledge  of  the  composition    of
s.    Unfortunately the orthodox
al economist has not recognis-
s.   Generally he has approached
Ubjeot   with a   bias in  favor of
knirgeois capitalist system.    To
»w-      is  the only   natural  and
fous  system,  and  he has  taken
himself to justify it instead of
analysing it.   To him this is
est  of possible systems in    the
J of     possible worlds.    Political
■ny  therefore has been made to
[with this view, and almost ex-
fcly      been    presented    from a
c-claus standpoint.   It is for us
Jyening to consider the subject
|u   working-class point  of view,
■* economics of labor.
■result   of the false position as-
I by ordinary economists is that
id as you pursue the study of
B.iect that you have to unlearn
BCt  as   fast   as you  learn.     In
poring   to   "squure   the   circle"
lass economists have promul-
many  fallacies  and contra
.;..>' hah) becu y. wiijuiguieu in complete disregard oi the operation of
laws necessarily ui loiug uom existing cvuuu.mc conuiiious. jfiouaoly
uns is one icasou »ny political nie-
onoiuy is ctuicu tlie uismal science,
Utiuuse tt luu&iia lo scoiu uie weli-
iiiLciUioiicu elioi is oi lae piiilaniiiio-
pisL uini Llie leioimci—oecause Uu
ittu.- are uuuiiectod oy u.ny muiu moral  i.mi  seiuiiueuiai  consideration.
IU; are una evening, tneu, to consider iim couuiuons uuuer wincn
weaith is pioduceu today. vVe are
not, therefore, primarily concerned in
I coiiucuiiiiK, excusing, or justify ing
I ittoati conditions, Uui simpiy examining ihei...
xt is lust of all necessury to cleuil>
uiiUi.csli.iiu tne lenns we use. ihe
leiui "wealin,'' generally speaking,
includes all the material tilings
winch minister to human wauu,
wnu n increase our comlort and hap-
pihe.is. J'-ivury mule-rial thing that is
useiui, desirable, und enjoyuole is in-
ciuueu in tins lerin. 'io many people
unu, i tinuk, one might say, the
great majority ol our class, the term
wealth aiguilles only money; wealth
and money and capital are regarued
as convertible terms.   This is a mis-
i ln« i  11 i    iii.ii'e duiigei'ous to
any  authority  without strict
in    this    province of
in     almost   any
mistake  ....... econ
to have fallen appears to me to
e assumption that the present
inic conditions are natural con-
is, and that the laws arising
If. or producing, these condi-
ire as far removed from the
nee of human action as the laws
1 govern the movements of the
nly bodies. Now it seems to me
one of the chief points of im-
e fo the study of economics
the fact thnt although many
laws arising out of existing
lions are inseparable from those
|tions. and are inexorable in
operation so long as their
remains unchanged, yet. these
it ions themselves are largely
iced by mankind, and are sus-
(ile of very considerable modifi-
nnd rhnnire a' our hands,
given   rerfnin  conditions,   the
Inrisintr therefrom are absolutely
able nnd inexorable, It is not
isible to so change those rondi-
as to brine- into operation a
different set  of laws.
(tud.v of economics is specially
tnnt, further, because the econ-
conditions, that is to say, the
lions under which wealth Is prn-
I and distributed nre the base
lr social life and govern all the
• conditions and relations of so-
i The political, the religious,
nornl life of the community are
kmiinatorl by the economic—the
pal—conditions, T'pon this ma-
hnsls of life everything else
of necessity depend,  wherefrom
fulfs that economic dependence
ides social, political, or rellg-
freoilom.       "Tip  who  owns the
whereby T live owns my WW,
nrnphrn^e   Shakes" .'are.     Where
l« not  eronomlr freedom,  poll-
llhertv  is  n   mere  sham  and a
firm.    Tt  mnv not  be  Impossible
uro <»ponn»v>ie llh^rtv t>v the ex-
1 of the mer> shndow of rwllt'cnl
which lo possible; In a Mote of
brnle   drnendetirp,   hut   Is   Is  rer-
|lhnt     this shadow  of political
hns freniiently effected nothing
9p direction of economic liberty,
It Is ertnn'ly certain that men
never  Ion? possessed  economic
om     without effectually freeing
'Ives from all political, social,
bligious  disabilities.    To the Ig-
pg of     this (as one would ima-
self-evident fact, that all phas-
soclal  life are based upon   the
Irlal conditions, so many schemes
>cial   reform   owe    thoir failure;
through n «nnt of proper know-
' of    thope conditions,   and    the
arising therefrom,  so many sn-
Ireformers hive come to grief. 1
ot lielieve that'nnv body of men
thp right, to claim a monopoly
hnpathy with human suffering or
'exclusive pcssesslon of a desire
itnedy exiting evils. There are
(less ninnv "ood men outside the
of Social- Democrats, who with
lity and honesty of purpose, try
rmovp some of the wrongs they
(irnund them. Their attempts are
only generally failures, but often
lutely inischiovous.sknply because
       .u a mis-
lakc, and is due to a contusion of
ideas arising out of the complexity
of our social life. Wealth includes
money and capital, but all wealth is
not either money or capital. All
capital is wealth, but money is sometimes only a symbol or token of
wealth, and not really wealth at all.
A man may be very wealthy and yet
have no money, aud he may possess
a great deal of money in the shape
of mere symbols of weaith and be
ut the same time poor indeed. Nor
is wealth always the same. An article must be possessed of utility in
order to be wealth, lt will thus be
seen that the very nature of wealth
very largely depends upon circumstances. A ton of coal is wealth iu
these northern climes, but ia Terra
del Fucga it would be esteemed of
little worth. With change of climate
and taste and custom certain forms
of wealth cease to be wealth, that
is, they cease to bo useful, while
other lorms of wealth aro developed.
Cupital, say political .economists, is
that portion of wealth which is devoted to the production of more
wealth, that is. wealth set aside for
reproductive purposes. When I say
that it is sometimes sought to include in the term capital not only
the grain used for seed und the fodder lor cattle, but also .the food and
clothing of tbe laborers, you will, 1
think, agree that the definition is not
Sufficiently definite. For tha:;, as well
as others reasons, 1 submit Uiat tbe
proper definition of the term capital
is: Wealth used for the production of
profit. This Is by n<o means Che same
thing. Wealth may be directed to the
reproduction of wealth and yet produce no profit for the owner, or user.
On the other hand, profit is often secured by the  destruction
 ..   of  wealth.
I  .        ... I The  object  of  production  today—the
into which economists, object of capitalist production—par's tn m* ♦- adoxical as it may; be to say so, is
not the production of wealth at all,
but the production of profit only.
The good of capital to its owner is,
not that it enables him to produce
articles of utility, that with it he
can produce things to satisfy human
needs, but that it produces lor him
an increase—profit* It is only in so
far as his wealth produces him profit
that it is "capital" at all. That it
may be used for the purpose of producing good and useful things is
merely an incident and does not con
duction: land, capital, and labor.
Now a very little consideration will
enable you to see that tKTproper order is land, labor, and capital. I
sometimes wonder that bourgeois
economists do not place capital before land. It would be scarcely more
absurd than to place it before labor,
but I suppose it would make the absurdity too apparent. Land, which,
as an economic term, includes all raw
material, must, in the natural order
of time, precede all other things, seeing that it is the material basis of
But, while it is obvious thut the
land must have existed before either
labor or capital, one would have im.
agined it to be almost equally obvious that tho existence of labor
must precede that of capital. Capital, say the political economists, is
the result of saving. Saving of what
but the result of past labor? Capital
we have seen, is wealth used repro-
ductively—weulth which, instead of
being consumed, is devoted to the
prod in: tion of more wealth. But
whence did this capital arise. Capital, say the economists, is the result
of thrift and abstinence. Hut thrift
and abstinence, however admirable
they may be, are but negative qualities; they do not create unything.
One may be as thrifty and abstemious as it is possible to be and yet
possess nothing and even die of starvation. Something more than thrift
and abstinence is needed to create
capital. If a man earns a pound in a
week and spends only ten shillings,
you might describe the ten shillings
he had left as his "capital—the result
of his thrift and abstinence." But
really it would not be the result of
his thrift and abstinence; it would be
part of the result of his past labor.
By saving it he is, perhaps, able to
turn it into capital, but this fact by
no means changes its source, which
is the common source of all wealth-
(Concluded in three issues.)
As a "chain is no stronger than
its weakest link," society is no better than the most miserable habitue
of the Ghetto.—W. D. Haywood.
True enough, and it applies with
equal force all along the line. The
strength of a chain forged by an
agreement among commodity owners
to resist the pressure of an unfavorable market always snaps asunder ut
the one whose larder first runs empty because of not selling.
A useful lesson might be learned
from this by those who depend upon
selling labor power in order to live,
that would be much more effective
in helping to solve the labor problem
than  the lusty shouting of "scab."
Mrs. Tranter, a starving mother
with four children, living at ClerkKon
Street, Canning Town, had also a
dying husband. The penny-in-the-
slot gas meter gave out. She had to
rush out to change two ball'pennies
for a penny, and she managed to get
the gas alight again in order to see
her  husband die—from  starvation.
Thu Chicago Sunday Tribune publishes a sort of supplement called the
Workers' Magazine, which is an up-to-
date repository of cent-a-line slush
designed to stimulate aspiring
slaves to greater efforts in the service of the masters of industry and
Delightful tales are lure told of
how, thrift, industry and loyalty to
the employer, has raised many a one
from the humblest to the highest
From among tho workers' Magazine display of bunco bric-a-brac we
gleun the following choice specimens:
Here is a partial list of the
who started as messenger, boys
made good:
Andrew Carnegie, iron master and
patron ot liliruyies.
Sir William Van Horn, president of
the  Canadian   I'acilic  Railway,
Marvin Hughitt, president of the
Chicago and  Northwestern ruilway.
W. A. Ourdner, general manager of
the Chicago & Northwestern railway,
Col. Robert C. llowry, president of
the Western Union Telegraph Company.
T. P. Cook, general superintendent
of the Western Union Telegraph company,  Chicago,
F. H. Tubiis, superintendent of the
Western Union Telegraph Company,
Chicago oflidce.
Albert J. bailing, president of the
Chicago, Milwaukee und St. I'aul
Henry H. Williams, general manager Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul
Benjamin L. Winchell, president of
Chicago Rock Island and Pacific rail-
wa>. .
W. C. Brown, vice president. New
York Central and Lake Shore and
Michigan  Southern  railway,
^   Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Tatronize Them and Tell Them Why.
Victoria General Agent for The
sfc.Lni.K Tl.MKs
SA:\.   Ht.-\   cisi.o I'lUM.Ml I.IC
P. 0. Bex 4 44
Irapoi", eis rod DsiUtfTB in
Hams, 8acon, & utter, Eggs, Vegetables
lelephone 2Ut* VICTORIA, B. C.
Mail   Orders    lYt tnptlv   Attended   To.
__ -       _>n-    . TV   ~   —   .
corn him.      Its real function is    to r,Pl«s wd prog^m of the internation
breed,   to fructify,   to  produce profit.       ——»■•»" «-» «—
Whether it is used for the production
of things good and useful, or of
others which are mischievous and
harmful, is of absolutely no concern
to him as "capitalist." lt may be
shoddy clothing, bosh, butter, leaden
bayonets, or big guns, that he is engaged in putting on tlie market, but
the utility or the reverse of these
things does not concern him in the
least, so long as by producing them
he makes for himself. ,a profit.
When a man invests a thousand
pounds in a commercial undertaking
ne does so in the hojie or expectation
that nt the end of a yeax his thousand pounds will harve increased—
will have grown. If at the end of the
year there was still only his thousand pounds ho would be dissatisfied
and disappointed. He would feel tbat
it had failed to fulfil its mission, that
be might as well have kept it in his
strong box. at homo. His only object in investing it was .to got a profit. Now I want you to understand
that, just hero wc are not concerned
with the approval or condemnation
of this; we are stimply engaged in analysing existing facts, and what we
must all recognize as a fact is that
the investment of capital is dictated
by no desire t*o satisfy hynm.ii needs;
to, in the words of a pushing advertiser, "meet a long-felt want," bat
only to make a personal! profit for
the investor, and that the true function or capital, therefore, is not the
production of wealth, but the production of profit—a very different matter. This function to grow„ to breed,
to increase, has gained for capital an
exaggerates! Importance in the eyes
of bougeais economists, srho have
come by long contemplation of this
wondrous creative power which appears to bolong to their oVity. to regard capital as a sacred thisig—but
withal a timid. They g-peak of it
with lowly reverence, ami with bated;
breath they caution working-men to
be law.abiding and moderute in their
demands, lest they fright tin from our
midst this timid, holy dove, capital,
which is sometimes dest'iibcd by
courser but not less ardent worshippers ns the goose thut lays the golden eggs. To them capital is .everything and labor nothing,. Labor, in
their view, is kept alfvei by capital.
It may seem a small matter, but the
order in which they pllace tlie ele-i
ments of production shows thiolr relative importance in their eyes. There
are, they say,  three- eleim «ts of pro-
Labor journals of Europe are predicting disastrous outbreaks among
the laboring classes because of the
size of the army of unemployed which
is found in every city.
A novel suggestion is made in London that the unemployed should be
placed on all the juries, as there is
a fee of 50 cents for each day's service.
What, a delightful vista of possibility is thus opened up to the vision of
the messenger boy if he only jumps
lively. Of course, what has been done
can be done again. The fact that the
shining examples thus held up for inspection grew up, as it were, with
capitalist industries, from their infancy, has nothing to do with it. if
the messenger boy will only jump
lively as these worthies did there is
a fat job as railway president or library peddler, easily within his
Let every messenger boy get /(i
move on and "make good," so that
in that rosy future, when he will be
drawing down his salary of say fifty
thousand per year, he may not be
haunted by the consciousness of bav-
ing been disloyal to his employer by
drugging his feet in the days of his
All Tlie Working Men
Buy Their
The Belfast Store
24.1-24.-J   CARRAI.l.  STREET.
L. Richmond
37 Hastings Street, East.
\ext Door to Mason's.
We, the Socialist Party of Canada
in convent! m a rembled, affirm ou
allegiance to and support of the pn.
ciples and prog; am of the inter
al revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should *u>tly belong.. To tne
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by politica'
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
_        _ __,       _„0 .___ , jW„, „. <-u.iMuciiug mc puoiic powen
owners of the means of wealth pro- ifor the purpose of setting up and en
dttction belongs the product of labor
The present ecv.ur mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the Capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an evcr-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
[the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the powei
forcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, 11 capitalist property in
the means of weaith production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
a> possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
tule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests ef the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance <-itb this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands I.1 such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
(3   the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
,    Local , Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist clnss ntul the working
elatg to be a struggle for   political  spretnacy, i.e. possession of the reins of
Jovernment, and which necessitates the organization  of the workers into a
ofiticaI party, distinct fitotn and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain  or enter into no
relations with any other political 1 arty, and pledge myself to support by voire,
vote snd all other legitimate menus the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Occupation ,	
Admitted to Local	
ooooooo'Xioo 00000000000
1 CHARLIE \ IO ^u'kant
8 Clothing Madt  to Order.
2 Fit Guana '«eil
Appreciate the Benefi.s of
Tomato Brackr
Clam Cocktails
K. P. C. Wins
Muulictsrer ol
Ne. 8 Centre St.
6  27 Store Street
Victoria, B. C.
ooooooooocoooo 00000000
COMRADES, strike  a t   the  ballot
box  on   Klecticn  day, , •"■"d  be  sure
to strike  the
Rock  Bay R otel
When  In   Victoria.
ARNASON BROS., PrtprlefK. *
Colonial Baket y
29  Johnson   St..   Victoria,   B.C.
Uelivered  to  any   jmrt   of  the  city.
Driver   to   call.      Thone   849.
78 SoviriMiat Stmt, Victoria, 6. C.
Soli Everywhere. Union Matt.
68 Pandora St.      Victoria, B. C.
Patronize Clarion Advertisers.
io ...
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75.
Bundles of  25  or more copies   to
t ne address at  the rate of one cent
While tho capitalist remains in control of the tools of industry, the
worker who has only his labor power
to sell taiiiiot. "bull" the market to
any lasting degree, because by its
very nature his labor power is perishable and he has no other resources
of raw materials niul machines from
which to cover his "margins."—Voice
of Labor.
With the labor market in its present chronically congested condition
he cannot "bull" it, at all, and the
sooner he learns that, the better for
htm, The "control of the tools of
industry" is the point at issue between the capitalist and working
class. It is the objective of the class
struggle ntul Ikis nothing in common
with the petty quarreling and bickering that takes place daily within
the narrow confines of the labor market. To wrest, that control from the
capitalist class is the mission of the
working class. It alone can call
forth the best energies of every toil-
tr. It alone can solidify the workers into ;in Irresistible phalanx. It
alone carries within itself the possibility of class solidarity and class
action, Itecause its purpose is one of
direct application to the highest and
best Interests of every worker on
Strike at  the ballot  box on election day but be siirw to strike the
336  Cordova  St.
any day you are hungry.' .lust
around the corner from the Socialist headquarters.
|sjv tteded in Every Home
intel national
A Dtctloa.,r    °lP"$k}?"'mU.
ftlairsphr.litotrt iphy. Fiction. «te
New Plates 1 hr°ughout
25,000   Now   Words
Phrsaoo   and   Dofl *»•«'••>•
Propsml under (do dh.tiC} supervision of W. T. MAKRIS, Ph./1'-' ''L.D.,
United States Commissioner o. ^-Education, assisted by aiargoeorjiso* oom-
petenl. specialists ntul editors.
Rich lMndtnf* 2364 Quarto P«f\ •
S0O* Illustrations
   27i« International teas first tmttdi
in 1S90, succiedini/ the "Unabridged.'''
The jVeip and Enlarged Edition of the
International itMS issued in October,
1900. Oct the latest and best.
We ulsn publish
Webster's Colles'ato Dictionary
[with Glossary 1 'f Scottish VCortisanil Phrase*
1100 Pino.   HWUIuilmtloui.   Si-oTslOiIHInch.*
'First-class in quality, second-class In size."
Specimen pages, etc. of both
books seat, on  application.
Springfield, Mass.
Competition     among   sellers  la  al-
' wgys   desirable    when   we  purchase ;
but never so  when we wish to sell.
THE wheels nt fwroduction were
never mow nrrtistically occupied than !n" the Job Department of the .Western Clarion.
Wo have all the mechanical devices
of that branch of modem industry
known ns the Typographical trade.
We can print anything from a bread
ticket to a circus poster, and >(ap it
right. Until the profit system is
abolishes"!   wo   intend   to    make    th»-
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 83&
best, of the present loircunistnnces by
doing tho finest woTkr at prices commensurate with gwod work. No Job
too small and none too large. If
you need printing yom might as well
get it from us ns from anyone else.
Anything in the way of Letterheads,
Hillliends, Knvclojics, Cards, Posters
or such like is .riglit in our line.
Send us your printing and tell your
friends  about us. I
•W*W*-!uif.Lftf>L —^ hAitmcliftujmw.,p>-»T" m ' -"• gaE*»J***J**aCgJ^'.*ft*t^
■ ■     m ■'      i',1   i i un ■ nil    «njimm» ■     w^mmmm*——>—
;| .'51
Socialist Party of Canada
R. P.  Pettipiece.  secretary. Vancouver, Be*.
Secretaries of Locals should endeavor to send in their Local statements promptly the 1st of every
The Dominion Executive of the Socialist Party of Canada is now ready
and awaiting those application for
charter forms. Your move, comrades.
The new charter of the party will
be out of the hands of the lithographer by April 1. Other party supplies arc now being printed, and will
be forwarded as speedily as possible.
Lock of funds is the chief obstacle
confronting the Executive.    So hurry
up your orders for charters und due
Hope to have Mrs. Irene Smith's
financial statement for next issue.
Not to hand as' yet.
Vancouver Local reports considerable progress in the mutter of membership.
All Locals should bend every energy from now until election day in
pushing   their  election  meetings.
Organizer 0'Hrien is in the Boundary district. (loci I meetings at
Revelstoke with results.
of  subsistence  of  'the  laborer  which,
in   the   ultimate,    determines   Ihe   re-
It appears  that  all  of  the confus-   turn  to labor, compelitian in the la-
ion in regard to  the exploitation ofjbor market   operating to keep it    to
labor does not exist upon this side of j tlutt level.    The cost  of subsistence—
the  Atlantic  ocean.     Even   back  in (represented by Mie price of necessary
Old England thore are persons who
still run away with the idea thut the
laborer is somehow or other held up
as a consumer. A discussion hus
been going on of late, through the
columns of Justice, touching the
question of whether the laborer doos,
or does not, pay the rates. For the
benefit of those upon this side of the
water who are afflicted with the
"exploited as a consumer" microbe,
we recommend the following from
"Tattler," ancnt this discussion,
which is clipped from Justice of
February 25:
I am obliged to Comrade White for
his contribution to the controversy
on the question of whether the workers pay the rates. But, il 1 may be
allowed to say so, 1 do not think ne
has done anything to shuKe tho
soundness oi my contention that tb e
workers do not, as a general ruj.t,,
pay them.
• •   •
Comrade White says that he t.f links
it is "clear that rent rates musV take
their place along with interest and
profits as part of surplus value."
But 1 have never denied t'nis; my
point is that the workers ar e despoiled of the surulus valu.e, and it
doesn't matter the least bit to them
how the surplus valu'e is divided.
Cnce abandon this Wound position
and admit that the T.vorKers "pay"
rates, and 'pay' thi's, that and the
other, and you will f,Jon ut. floundering in the quagmm. 0f bourgeois economics, unable Wj tind sound foothold. For if the workers pav rates,
then a saving of rates is to their advantage. If tb.is is so, and if they
benefit by a saving of expenditure in
this or in any other direction, then
it follows 'tjlat the whole theory of
the exploitation of the workers on
the field Qf production is wrong; that
it is r,ot as producers, but us con-
suiuoYs that they are fleeced; that
pro'dt is not made in production but
if. exchange, and thut the duty of the
'proletariat is not to organize for the
abolition of capitalist domination
and exploitation but tt make common cause with the bourgeois consumers to get a reduction in prices
and rates.
Comrade While says that for years
past rent and rates have been rising
wh.le wages have not risen in proportion, and now wages are falling,
while the price of some urticles of
food is rising, and thus the workers
have suffered a net loss.
• •   •   •
This, again, 1 do not deny. I have
never pretended that wages are stationary, or that they are so nicely
adjusted to the cost of subsistence
that they rise or fall with every
fluctuation, and that thus the workers can never obtain a net gain or
suffer a net loss. What I do contend
is that these net gains or losses for
the workers are not, as a rule, due
to any increase or reduction in rates
but to quite other causes.
• •   •   o
Quite apart from any net loss to
the workers apparently resulting
from increased rent and rates, there
has been a net reduction in wages
during the past four years amounting
ito nearly a quarter of a million a
week. This only shows that the
market has been against the workers, and that they have been unable
to secure as large a proportion of
the total product as formerly. If the
market had been favorable they
would have been able to maintain or
even improve upon their position. As
it Is they have gone buck, but this
is no evidence that they pay the
Comrade White concludes that
"through tne instrumentality of rising rents and rates the workers ure
getting less food and clothing, &c,
and to that extent they are affected
by rising rates nnd rent." I admit
the reduction in food and clothing;
but I claim that tho rising rent and
rates have really nothing to do with
it.   The point is that it is the cost
rent and  rales—muy
is no corresponding
commodities, or
rise,   while  thi re
rise in wages, but this is no evidence
that the wo'rkir pays the rates, us
such; it oil'.v proves that, the state
of the labor market does not permit
him to iiiu.intuin his previous standard of subsistence, and that, iu consequence., there has been u diminution in the return to labor which
would, in all probability, huve taken
place in some other form if it had
not a ssumed the form of increased
price of commodities or higher rent,
or rates.
Your patronage and try to win your
approval with no other argument
than the good quality of the goods
we keep in stink. When you need
anything in Stoves or Paints and
wish to pay the Toast for the best,
get our prices.
McLachlan Bros., Ltd.
in Commemoration of the
Burns & Co.
: Second Hand Dealers.
i —__
>     Largest  and cheapest stock of
; Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom Chains, Augers, Loggers'
; Jackets, etc.
Must reduce stock iu nest sixty
'< days.
Remember the place
101 Powell Street
•toft 1871       Vttcttvtr, B. Q.
In January, 1848, over 07 years
ago, Karl ikur.x aim Frederick Eng-
e,s, the founders of modern Socialism, said among many oilier things
which have since oeen amply borne
out by fulfilment, "the bourgeoisie
(present-day ruling class; has stripped of its halo every occupation hitherto looked up to with awe. It has
converted the physician, the lawyer,
the poet, the man of science, into its
puiu wuge laborers. '
As a further exemplification of the
above a careful perusal of the mouthpieces of the bourgeoisie—the daily
press—should   be   convincing.
Last Monday's Province contains u
report oi a "sermon*"' droned by Rev.
W. E. Pescott, which must be read
by the many socialists in tiiis city
to appreciate tho slap in the face.
"Air. I'eseoU Saul ho hud beifj
warned thai in some of his, sermons
he bad approached dangerously near
the doctrines of Socialism, which
were expounded by many men who
were Infidels." And this after a
column of sentimental dishwasb regretting the. cruel economic conditions which made no provision for
wage slaves going lo church to hear
tlie doctrine of "be content in the
social strata in which Hod in his initiate  wisdom  has placed you."
Mr. Pescott should shy clear ol
the dangerous murk; il might thrust
him into  the  labor-power market.
It would be interesting to learn
who  "warned"  Mr.  Pescott.
While 1 have neither the time nor
inclination to enter further into the
unfairness, prejudice und misrepresentation of Rev. Mr. Pescott, 1 will
conclude with  one or  two proposals:
Mr. 1'rescott says: "lie believes
such a system (collective ownership
of things collectively used—production lor use instead of prolit—Socialism) would be a calamity to the nu-
tion." If Mr. Pescott has other
than paid convictions, he should be
willing to defend his statement outside u pulpit. I will undertake Co
pay for the Opera House for an evening, and assure Mr. Pescott and any
others of his cloth a fair and square
hearing, if he or they will assume
tbe affirmative in a debate with one
of a do/en  workingmen in  this city.
In conclusion 1 desire Mr. Pescott
to place the following in his pastoral question box: Whut more has the
Socialist party got to do with religion thnn the Conservative or Liberal parties? Why the taunting appellation of "infidel" to Socialists
alone? What has Socialism got to
do with religion anyway, since it is
the political movement of the exploited class in human society? Who
comes nearest to regulating the price
of beef stake—I'ierpont Morgan or
Jesus Christ? Why doesn't the
church ' make the the law-makers
be "good." cease corruption, and legislate against their personal material interests in the interests of the
men and women they draw their living—prolit—from? Whut else but a
political movement can accomplish
ibis? Why don't church member*
vote as they pray? Why wasn't
Christ u locomotive engineer, when
at the time he was upon earth it was
just as possible as being a Socialist?
Viewing social conditions about you,
i.s it not a fact, that Christians sot
the commandment of their Ood at
defiance; and as full as they are of
reverence for Jehova and His laws,
is not, their veneration of almighty
Capital, still greater? What is the
essentiul difference between owning n
man's body, as under chattel slavery
and owning his job as under wage
slavery ?
R. P. Pettipiece,
2.*> Tenth avenue.
Of  1871
Will be held in  the
Sullivan Hall
161 Cordova St. (upstairs)
Sunday, March 19,1905.8 p. in.
Come and hear the story of how
the workingmen were butchered in
the streets of Paris because they
dared  dream of Freedom.
Everyone welcome.
Discussion. Collection.
The slaughter going on around
Mukden of late should be quite sufficient to satisfy the taste of even the
most bloodthirsty. It hns been the
art of human butchery carried on
upon a scale eminently befitting this
age of huge enterprises and gigantic
When the world's industries are carried on by great masses of laborers
organized and equipped with the
most effective means for producing
surplus values for their masters. It
is quite the proper thing that they
be similarly organized and equipped
for the purpose of killing each other
whenever the interests of their re-
spectjvo musters may  warrant.
About, the only difference to the laborers between the Industrial field
nnd the field of battle is that, death
in the latter may come more quickly
nnd with less suffering and misery
leading  up to it.
The Socialist class affiliated with
Toronto Local has decided to celebrate tho anniversary of the Paris
Commune on Saturday, March 18 in
Temperance Hall, Bathurst street.
Addresses will be delivered on the
"Commune" by various comrades
and an attempt will be made to sing
the "Marseillaise" and other Socialist songs.
The meeting of Toronto Local on
February !i8 was an important one,
the object being to discuss educational matters. A committee was
elected to act with Comrade James
Simpson, the Socialist elected to the
Board of Education, und the committee will meet the 1st and third
Wednesdays, the night before the
School Board, when instructions will
be given Comrade Simpson as to his
actions on the various questions before the Board.
So far Comrade Simpson has follow! d instructions in voting alone on
two matters, the equal remuneration
of male and female teachers and the
striking out of the appropriation for
military training in the schools,
while he has succeeded in having the
question of manual training in the
schools referred to a vote of the
people This latter quest ion is a
matter of controversy here, as while
manual training is undoubtedly right
in some grades in the schools, the
system is carried out in a thoroughly capitalistic manner hero and seems
to only result in n waste of time of
the few years the children of the
workers have to secure un education.
The teaching of domestic science appears to be pushed owing to the desire on the part of the wealthy to
have a larger number of domestic
servants. The girls arj rigged out in
white bonnets and aprons and are
taught to cook cakes requiring such
expensive materials as from four to
six eggs.
A complete program will be worked out for Comrade Simpson to follow during his two years' term and,
while considerable friction has been
caused by his devoting nine-tenths of
his time to the trades-union movement and onc-tenfh of his time to
the Socialist party when nominations were due, the matter has been
thoroughly threshed out by speakers
on both sides and Comrade Simpson
has promised to answer the roll-call
at future meetings.
Local Toronto meets on the second
and fourth Tuesdays of each month,
P. J. Peel, 465 Glvens street, secretary. The Socialist class meets every
Saturday night, the undersigned being secretary. AH meetings are held
in Temperance Hall. Bathurst street.
Toronto,  March  5,  1005.
W ■ " »
jgqrch jfl J
Harbadoes business men have offered to supply 300,000 negroes for labor in the Transvaal, and to agree
to deliver them at Lorenzo Marques
within twelve months, at $100 per
head, provided the wage should not
be less than $12.50 pei month, with
board nnd lodging.
"Nt Ckarge for the Name, the Celt it all it tut Gltthu."
Most makers lay great stress on the name. We devote our
attention to the Clothes. We realize that when we "deliver the
goods" the name will take care of itself.
"Stilenfit" Keady-for-Service Suils, $12. and $15. up to$30.
Special lite tl Trousers for $ 3.00
Corner Granville and
Pender Streets
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
We learn that Comrade George
Hnnnay, the genial secretary of Local Ladysmith, S. P. of Canada, and
Miss Ellen Blair, daughter of Harry
Blair, one of the Socialist aldermen
of that city, were married at. Victoria on Match 9th by the Rev. George
It. H. Atlnins. The bride and groom
were given away by Comrades Hawthornthwaite and Williams. They
are the first couple in the British
Empire to receive such honor at the
hands oi two straight Socialist members of parliament, if to be "gives
away" can be termed an honor.
The Clarion tenders its congratulations to Mr. aad Mrs. Hannay. May
such troubles as arise to beset the
pathway of their married life prove
to be  little ones only.
Those things used individually,
such as food, clothing, shelter, otc,
should bo tho private property of the
citizen who does his share of the
work of thefCommonwealth, and no
power on earth be allowed to take it
from him. Collective or public property, in social or public things. Private property in the things required
for personal, or private use.
Workingmen Are Always Welcome at
New Fountain Hotel
C. SCHWAHN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms $1.50 per week and up.
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver, B.C.
Walk right, in and make yourself at
home. Others may be busy but we
never are.
Talk to the operators as much as
ion like, and more especially the
man at the machine. The machine
does not object and if the operator
does he will be promptly discharged.
Should the machinery interfere with
your conversation the press will be
Sit on the editor's desk and look
over the copy as he writes. This will
enable you to get onto his editorial
subtleties in advance of publication.
He does not mind it at all. Do not
oiler him a cigar, however, as ne
cannot write and smoke at the some
time, and besides, you might annoy
him by so doing.
Help yourself to the exchanges. We
do not need them, but merely allow
them to come for the pleasure it affords you in carrying them away.
Should any of the staff be uncivil
or get in your way, report it and the
olfender will be disciplined at once.
Come again.
The slave of the future will be the
machine. Upon it will be thrown
the burden of toll in order that th*
human race may have leisure to improve itself.—Ex.
 o ■■
As the wage earners never have
any ownership or control over the
products of their labor, how can they
have any quarrel with the employer
over their share of them?
Subscribers should lie particular in
keeping tab on the number printed
on address slip, just proceeding their
name. It denotes the number of the
paper with which their subscription
expires. The number of this issue is
H12. Quite a number of subscriptions expire with this issue and unless renewal is received before next
issue goes to press they will be dropped from the list, lf you wish to
continue receiving this paper without a break, kindly attend to the
matter of renewal in time.
The Prefi1dont of the United Stales
transmitted to Congress on March 11
Commissioner Garfield's report on
the so-called beef trust. It seems
from the report that the six big con-
corns constituting the trust slaughtered about 15 per cent, of the total
indicated slaughter in the United
States in 1903, and three of the
companies   averaged  a  net   profit  of
ill cents ' per head upon animals
killed. The combines are apparently
not' over-capitalized, and their profits during 1402. 1903 and 1904 ran
from 18 to 23 per cent, upon their
sales. The profit of the private car
lines used In the packing industry
ran from 14 to 22 per cent, in one
As this report was not what the
disordered fancy of cattle raising
Kansas had pictured, it has aroused
the ire of the senate of that state
as the following from the New York
lournal  will show.
Topeka, Kas.. March 6.—Tho Senate today declared that the Garfield
investigalion of the beef trust was
not entitled to any credit, faith or
confidence, nnd unanimously adopted
the following resolution:
'Resolved by the senate, the
house concurring, therein, that we
request the president of the United
States to reject this report and appoint some man with experience, independence, and nerve that shall
qualify him for the task of investigating this gang of commercial highwaymen, known ns the beef trust, to
the end, that the public may be fully
informed as to the sources of their
enormous profits nnd foundations of
their colossal fortunes, und agreements by which for a generation they
have robbed both the purchaser and
tho consumer, to the end that legislation protecting both may be intelligently devised and that the light.
61 publicity, that light that is destructive of all trusts and combina.
tions. may be thrown upon the operations of rhls vicious and iniquitous
It seems the heighth of Impudence
to ask the president to appoint a
man for any such purpose. Even a
Kansas senator ought to know that
the "source of their enormous profits
and foundations of their colossal fortunes" lay in the wage labor that
they were enabled to exploit in their
packing houses ■ because of their
ownership of these necessary parts of
the means of wealth production upon
which the workers must depend for a
What are these Kansas farmers and
cattle raisers kicking about any way?
With their well-known labor skinning
proclivities, can it be that they are
merely sore becadse this juicy stream
of profit did not pour into their
tank?    Looks   that   way   anyhow.
Negligee Shirt]
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now h
some of the choice ones will h   J
early,   and   some   of  thu   design
cannot duplicate.    If you ap V■•',
unusual styles it will iutareBt''Jf*j
come promptly. ■
Flatiron Hats
The Smartest Stlt Hit tl the SeaJ
These Hats have been enthuS
cally received by young iuen rf
the very first day we brought tt
out. Neither trouble nor ex.j?
has been saved in the production
these goods, as you will cheerhf
acknowledge upon examination, I
no Cordova Street
That    which    is    used   COllectM
such ans mills, mines, factories
roads,   etc.,   should  be collective!,
public property, equally accosslblJ
every  citizen  for  the  purpose oil
taining  tlie   things  required  for
The  members  of  the  Colorado!
filature have    agreed   among m
selves   to  pot  through   an  eight-3
bill  proposed by the mine oporaj
The  one proposed by  the Trade
ions was promptly turned down.'
bosses evidently  know   wlmt  is J
tor   the   workers     much   better!
they do themselves.   However,
vors rather too much of patPrniM
to suit   some of us.
kn Opportune
fiine for Reading
.Jrop in and sec our splendid iissurtaJ
d reading matter. Try nir [J
vehauge. Helmu two old Ux'kj|
.■c.'ivc one new one.
tl and 14 Arcade.      32b Abbott:
Mail order* promptly i.tUi ilu:i,|
The Clarion office is a busy place
this week. In addition to getting
out the paper and other matter, 2,-
000 copies of the Platform and constitution of the party are being run
off for the Dominion Executive Committee, in the form of a neat little
pamphlet which will also contain a
considerable amount of instructive
matter leading up to the party's
platform anil-program.
These pamphlets will be ready for
mailing early next week.
Immediately following the Platform
and Constitution from the Clarion
Press, will come Wage-I.abor and Capital, as announced Inst, week. This
little pamphlet will be gotten out in
neat and attractive form. A copy
should lie In the possession of every
fierson who works for a living, either
as a wage-laborer or farmer. The
price Is quoted elsewhere in this issue.
"Wage-Labor    and     Capital"
come   from   the   t iarion   press
week in neat und attractive form I
is  one  ef  the  best   pamphlets i.J
and   should   lie  in   the  possession!
every   working  mun   iu     Canada |
elsewhere.      With   its   contents
fully    read   and   thoroughly    studj
tho  workers will  be well on tbe t
to  n   complete understanding oi9
m if  and his  position  under  thi
of   capital   und     its     wage    bj
Si..h an understanding cannot 1
complete  and   thorough   in   order I
safely   guide   him   ulong   the   liu|
correct   action   in     the    Irrepra
conflict     between   capital   und i
which even now is shaping Itsell.j
must   reach  its  culmination    in
near future.    To acquire this irni
tales   reading   and   study.      It
duty     every   worker   not  only
himself but his class.
The publication of "Wage-L
and Cupiiul" will be followed!
other pamphlets of a similar dirj
"Wage-Labor  and  Capital,'
copy 5 cents;
0 copies 25 cents;
15 copies 50 cents:
40 copies $1.00;
100 copies nnd over, 2 cents j
These rates include postage lol
part of Canada or I'nited Stnusl
Box  8'lfi Vancouver, BJ
1SS Ctrdova St. Weit,
Vancouver. B.S|
Vancouver Co-Operative Association]
532 Westminster Avenue
Positively the Best Bread in the Ciijl
Telephone 1734
C. N. Lee, Manager
A Union Shop and Endorsed by Every Union in Vancouver!
Do h Want k M i kjij
We Soil the  Very B«*t In tha Way of Llg lit at Prlcei   that   cannot I" »"|W
The Nernst Electric Lamp
U the latest and greatrit boon offered  to the public both for cli«ftP'"",H "1
brilliancy,    fall ami ted iih about rates, otc
B.C. Electric Railway Co. ^Haasr ""I
^ftl-tf.1   ■  f!


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