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The Western Clarion Apr 14, 1906

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 i
HE  WESTERN   CLARIO
-V J
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
-__..
368.
VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,    APRIL  14,1906.
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,/ Ubsertpctoa -Price
I
i*sr%rMti.i0
A STORY OF WESTERN HEROISM
When Human Life is Endangered,   Cool of Head and With
Nerves of Steel Vincent St. John Bravely Goes
to the Rescue of F riend and Foe Alike.
burning   building half filled with dynamite, took two boxes nnd ordered the
men   to  remove  the  rest  to   place  of
(safety.
I flushing through the blinding smoke
and Into the tunnel mouth the two men
deposited the open boxei of dynamite,
arid almost stifled, fixed the fuse, staggered out. moved the crowd back, applied the match and got out of the
way.
The while streak of smoke from the
burning fuse as it ran through the
tiiirker blaze was watched by eager, silent  men  until  It  disappeared  beyond
This story Is not one of fiction. It Is
one uf fact—a drama wherein the actors were of flesh and'blood, the scene
vividly leal, the situation one of In-
ti usity.
ll was inspired by nn Incident In connection with the Sfeunenberg arrest.
The lis utton IS Tellurid*, one Of Colorado's greatest gold cumin, and a
i..wn of some three thousand people,
wilh as many more working people In
the various mines throughout the dls-
ul.t The little city is comfortably
nestled near tbe head of the Han Miguel
vaUCT,  and  It   Is  but  a  few  minute*'! lht,  tunne, entranoe
walk to the foot of the beautiful Bridal >    A„ llllItall,   then a deafening roar
Veil falls, while those In  Ingram and      when the cloud of black became scat-
Coinet are always before the eye.    Ml tared  It   waa  Been  that  the shot  had
la a picturesque spot and one of stir-   ,],„„. u„ work.
rounding natural beauty.   Olant peaka |    The  tunnel  was  blown  In.  and the
, ov< red with perpetual snow rear their
majestic1 heads thousands of feet above
the little vale.
For years It was all In all entitled,
to the happy patronymic of "Peaceful
Valley." Hut with change of time, new
people, new ideas, earns revolutions In
the old .stablished order of things, and
from the trying year of 1900 to the
prestnt the Telluride district has been
InrgSsY noted for Internal troubles.
Mrife.  turmoil and exciting events.
Ia these years some thing" happened
in Telliiilde which i H/ilii-riged the laws
..r Chad and man. created contempt for
constituted authority and tin- statutes.
aroused dormant passions nnd inspired
enn ity to moral hearts, stirred evil
minds, Influenced sentiment, and ln-t
fected some of the best men In the
■ i v llta an absolute luitred for
either the tins, country or consUtutlon.
!i was for a time an arena or Industrial strife. The exact reason for this
Is inexplicable. Labor organizations
and employers have lieen on amicable
l-rros for years.
It it one day there came a clash between the two tactions on the contract
system of handling ores In Ihe great
SmuBKler-t'tilou mine. The active period is a story In Itself, and thut memor-
able) 3rd of July is branded In letters
of file on the mUlds of those who ll oved
through'the fury of the day. The
miners/ union won the utrlke. It emit
the live* of two or thr*M> men on cacti
Hl<|.- TTip senMul«-nt -.f the community
was with the miners, but thereafter
«its an undercurrent of feeling, of hsit-
ied in many respects, and the siilrlt of
opposition Neems to have been fostered
from thai Incident.
Managers and union officials main-
tamed a aemblance of fairness on bust-
nets tranaaellona, but in some Initancsa
• ich knew the true feeling of the other
. ne president of the union, whom T
"ill call Vint, was subjected to considerable secret attack, ln performing
ths duties Imposed Upon him hy the
."l.n.lerice of 3.000 men, he wns com-
I'l.'.-.l to visit one or another of the
mines every day.
N..twithstanding mutual agreement,
.'int was ail but forbidden the Smug-
i*r-lron premise*, and from manager
down to shift boases he became a favorite theme for vllltflonilon. nnd doubtless Vint returned the sentiment with
ardor.
'I'lits widening chasm between employer aud employe grew. It under-
mined ltfelohf. friendships and shat-
lered many ideals. Social amenities
were forgotten and relations were
strained where common pleasantries
■ eased and stri-el courtesies were obliterated.
Then a 'phone message came to town
on., day which horrified the entire popular*. The writer was one of the first
to receive the message, and soon the
four-mili.. road east of the town was
filled wilh running horses, carrying ex-
1 Ited riders lo the mine.
The iiihhn of Smuggler-1-nion build-
lugs ut the mouth ot the Mullion tunnel waa afire, and four hundred snd
fifty ineti were entombed tn the workings.
The panic and consternation was tn-
'IeH..-rlbable.
-*I«ll forgot their animosities In the
mad ride to lie upon lhe scene of terror. Horses were at a premium, and
never were animals pushed to the utmost es tn that wild scramble up two
tortuous miles of mountain trail to the
mine. Three horses had been provided
for the writer, and the first few men
on the ground witnessed a spectacle
that caused the blond to run cold.
A great column of smoke was arising
from the burning buildings, and owing
to tho draft, wifs pouring almost Its entire column into the mouth of thc Bullion tunnel,
The emotions of those who contemplated the possible fate of the entombed men caused gray hulrs to come on
tbat day.
Vlnt'a black horse outdistanced ull
others. He grasped the situation at a
glance.
Foreman Hutchinson, with twanty-
f,v-- man,-,had hurried -own from the
ToinbuyXmlne.
He saw Superintendent Edgar Col-
Una, arid a handful of men In the futile
»non»pt to extinguish tht Are.
Must of the pipes werevr*rosen up. It
waa November. The water wouldhave
been unit-SB in uny evenfc"'"""-""hrer wns
""i needed.
Smoke must be stopped from going
the tunnel.
nel. und his candle had burned longer
than the spark of life.   It had scorched
his head.
Still another poor fellow had fallen
down a mill-hole In his awful frensy to
escape.
Ho that In all, we laid out twenty-
six lifeless bodies of the unfortunates
who were trupped. It was a gruesome
and pathetic spectacle to witness. They
hnd been called to their last home
while at their daily occupation and in
the grime and soil of their every-day
work life.
The eyes of the crowd were centered
upon Vint. He was tireless. He seemed a piece of human machinery fitted
for the emergency. No sleep, no rest,
until the thirty miles of underground
workings of the Smuggler-Union bad
been searched.
His loyalty, bravery and great humanity on that occasion made a new
character for him which still exists
in the memory of a great many people.
A few days after the fire a funeral
was held.
That was nearly six years ago, but
today I can see the cortege. In the
lead were two drays and pn thc drays
sixteen caskets of the men who were
buried there—the rest having been sent
away.
A mile uf carriages followed a procession of four thousand men walking
four abreast.
At the head of this silent and somber cavalcade walked a little squure-
shouldered man with bowed head and
deep expression In the gray eyes.
The man of quiet power and tested
courage was Vint, the president of the
union, the "Little Napoleon," of Colorado labor.
It was Vincent St. John, who was arrested in Burke the other day.—Charles
O. Sumner, ln Idaho Falls Post.
S
FROM THE ISLAND GOAL GAMP
Into 	
But one muri had come out that way
and,  gaapiug for breath, stated   the
mine was about filled with amok* and
gas.
H wns a day of heroes.
Vint  and Hutchinson, running to a
smoke from the fire was rolling up the
mountain side instead of into the flue
filled with humanity. '
It took eight minutes to accomplish
this measure of safety, and tt doubtless saved the lives of most of the
iriiners, as the column of smoke was
stopped, IUI<1 It was soon learned that
two hundred had gotten out through
the Sheridan tunnel. Still there were
others to be accounted for.
Nearly a mile distant smoke was
ieen Issuing from the Union. Shift
itoss Hugh O'Neil had come up on the
i age with one of his two companions
'lead.    The other died liter.
Thinking to find others, O'Neil again
loueied Ihe cage. It was found a few
tnluuies later half way up the shaft.
at a station, and was pa land
< I'Nell and two others were carried
lo the bunk house. The two were dead,
und while physicians labored for three
hours, brave o'Nell was never revived
ond gave up his life in the noble attempt to save his fellow workers.
About M) men remained unaccounted
for. There was only one chance of
reaching them. They were in the dark
and smoke.
If they had been able to get near a
.•.haft then was a hare possibility that
there was sufficient air to keep them
..live.
Only one way could the draft be Increased.
Vim called for a volunteer to accompany him through an old Cimarron
drift, which had been abandoned for
twenty years. Men quailed at the proposition, lt played with certain death.
\ misstep meant a fall through a space
.>f hundreds of feet.
Timbers and rocks were crossed In
the almost bottomless pit which had
been worked out years liefore.
At tbe call. Edgar <"oilins, brother
to Arthur 1.. Collins, manager of the
Smuggler'Union, stepped to his side.
In the crisis the men laid aside their
enmity and opposition on all things, to
unite in the lust vain hope of doing
good. The bitterness and acrimony
engendered hy Industrial life and personal contact was eliminated for the
instant. In the noble and heroic act of
two men who were human above any
thing else.
There are times when men will not
.■ven  sacrifice  prejudice In  the trying
hours.
But these were not the men.
A  few  yards  lielow  were  the time-
worn doors of tha old Cimarron drift.
Procuring several feet of rope, Vint
tied one end of it  around Collins,  the
other about himself, and the men entered the dangerous hore. each carrying a  caiulle   which  flittered    In    the
•hastly   darkness.
There was but a foot of walking
space. Below was the blackness and
.iwfuliicHti of Jagged space.
The two men moved cautiously. If
t rotten timber should give way beneath his feet Vint figured that the man
behind would hold him by the tightened rope.
Several curious iieople followed them
'or a hundred feet or so, but when
loosened rocks were not hoard to strike
the bottom, cohl sweat came to their
foreheads ami they went back with all
■i\**lcllty  consistent   with  carefulness.
in the course of an hour und long
ifter the expectunl crowd had consltl-
"i-ed them lost. Vint nnd Collins came
mt of the tunnel, begrimed, covered
with slime and hands torn and bleeding.
A great cheer went up from the people.
A beuming smile went across Vint's
face, but never stopping ho secured
a number of men to go down the shaft
with hltn to bring out the bodies.
He and Collins had accomplished
breaking open the door at the end of
the drift and with great peril. On the
other side of the door lay the bodies
of three men who had suffocated.
It wns a significant fact commented
„in long afterward, thnt these three
who were among the number that Vint
hnd hazarded his life In hope of a possible rescue were men who hnd attempted his death and destruction only
a few weeks previous.
But he made no distinction here. Nol
a tremor, not a suggestion of the fact
wits ever voiced hy him.
The smoke having cleared out of the
tunnel to some extent, nnd the fire extinguished, willing hands again reopened the Bullion tunnel.
Several who ventured In too. anon
wore .'.overcome by gas ahd ware .-carried out.
Hut after  a   while  they  found  six
men  wno   were   working   in   a  slope.
They hud died while at work and were
laying ns In sleep.
Another body was found ln a tun-
Nanatmn may be appropriately termed the spring from which the Socialist
Party of Canada first drew Its inspiration and life force. The movement bad
previously been n confused dream.
The argument Is used by some Socialists thnt the workingman must be
brought down to a certain stage of degradation before he will reach forth
and grasp the means of emancipating
himself. It looks as though this might
be true In the majority of cases.
Nanaimo hns long been famous as an
eight-hour, good money, union mining
camp. In fact, for years It was the
best paid camp on the Pacific coast. It
gtood so high in favor with the workers
th-it they would often watt here six
months for a Job. The surrounding
scenery Is magnificent; the summers,
especially delightful. All manner of
siM.rts can here be enjoyed, hunting,
fishing and athletics. Nanaimo men
have long been famous tn these sports
and pastimes.
The Industry here was for years outside the zone of Intense capitalist development. It was managed by a skillful, shrwed and philanthropic old English manager (who incidentally and
with benevolent Intent also managed
the workmen's politics) who was backed by Knglish moneyed men whose
Ihlrst for profit-getting was not altogether without limit. In fact, they
were not fully educated ln up-to-date
labor-skinning. The manager, therefore, had somewhat of a free hand to
exercise his benevolent and philanthropic Inclinations.
\'rider such circumstances the workers had marked advantages over those
of other centers of industry. . With
fairly comfortable conditions of employment and surrounded by Nature's
generous provisions for pastime and
pleasure. It Is by no means strange
that a fairly Intelligent working class
was developed. Speaking from the
standpoint of up-to-date capitalist development these Nanaimo folk were
living lu the past, and quite logicality
they were thinking In the light of days
that were gone to the more advanced
capitalist world. Under such comparatively comfortable conditions, small
wonder thst the Nanaimo workmen
viewed their trade union as an ample
bulwark of defense against anything
and everything that might threaten
their material welfare.
Things are different now. They have
lieen rudely awakened from their
pleasant dreams. Evolution will evo-
lute and not even Nanaimo with her
beautiful scenery can escape the seething maelstrom of capitalist exploitation
and the consequent degradation of labor. Some of the workmen have been
heard to remark that all that ls left of
the good old times Is the scenery, and
even that does not seem to be quite
ns soul-satisfy ing as of yore.
To make a long story short, the En
gtlsh owners sell out to an American
company. The wage-slaves now sell
their labor power to new masters. By
this one turn the Nanaimo Industry is
yanked from the tali end of capitalist
evolution to the very forefront. The
workers are suddenly snatched from
the protecting fold of their erstwhile
good shepherd, and thrown to the tender mercies of the Jaws of an up-to-
date band of profit-hungry wolves, void
of conscience and without scruple. The
modern "captain of Industry" has arrived upon the scene.
Por a time the workmen were fairly
dazed because of the sudden tranfor-
mation, but they soon got on their
hind legs and bucked and fought with
their primitive trade union weapon,
only to find themselves stunned, bruised, beaten and at the mercy of their
new masters. In the opinion of the
masters, these miners needed a lesson,
and they gave it to the—a.
It was somewhat pathetic to see and
hear them praying for a return of the
good old times, but there was no return*.   The rout was complete.
Some there were who did not lose
their heads because of the advent of
the new regime. They even foresaw
what was coming. They presaged the
aproachlng storm. Under their guidance
the shattered battalions were re-formed for assault upon the very citadel of
capitalist power, the halls of legislation. From stragglers and camp followers of the out-of-date labor movement, they became the Canadian advance guard of the army of the revolutionary proletariat. The Socialist
Party of Canada is born and for the
first time in the history of the Dominion representatives are sent to a legislative chamber with the mandate of
labor in their hands. This was accomplished by the miners of Nanaimo and
Newcastle districts, who thus rose,
Phoenix-like, from the ashes of apparent defeat. The miners of these two
districts are giving the workers of
Canada an object lesson well worth
following. They are revolutionary to
the core, and as coldly calculating and
merciless ln tactics and methods a '
their enemy, capitalism. That their
assault upon the stronghold of capitalism, the legislative chamber, has already done more to.throw the ranks of
the enemy into confusion than all the
strikes and boycotts that ever occurred, does not need to be asserted here.
Every person who has taken pains to
observe the antics of capitalists and
their henchmen and press, during the
recent sessions of the provincial parliament knows this to be a fact.
May the good example of Nanaimo
and Newcastle districts be energetically followed by the workers elsewhere, so that when the next elections
occur the present labor representation
in the legislature may be strongly reinforced.
Tours for the Revolution,       fl
RIENZI.
FROM THE PRAIRIE PROVINCE
Winnipeg Scribe Comments on  Things in Qeneral, Hot Forgetting the Late Strike   and the Military Seasoning Thrown Into it by the  Powers That be.
It certainly did look like comic opera with the Juror; and It needs no
to see a handful of men with what, to j of rhetoric to Induce a Jury to And a
the uninitiated, appeared like a toy verdict against a 'firebug* or a 'cadet-
gun, turn out to suppress tbe disorder But once step into that class of cases
of Friday last, and there was some ex- | the subject of which    Is   commercial
CLARIFYING  LABOR'S POLITICAL VISION
The imprisonment of Moyer, Haywood, Pettibone and St. John wtll have
the effect of clearing the political vision of thousands and tens of thousands
of laboring men, who have not yet
broken the lies that hind them to the
two old parlies.—Miners' Magazine.
Such affairs, dastardly and brutal
though they may be, accomplish more
towards crystallising the labor movement, and drawing Its units together
into n solid phalanx with face to the'
foe, thun the spouting of all the agitators that ever lived. True, the so-
culled agitator, sows the seed of revolution and points the way along
which il will grow, but lt is the Iron
hand of oppression alone that can marshal the reapers equipped for the harvest. The heavier the hand of oppression, the sooner will the harvest
be over and lnbor come to Its own. The
Imprisoned comrades undoubtedly understand the labor movement, and the
Influence that such affairs have upon
It, sufficiently well to enable them to
bear with fortitude the personal discomfort of their positions, and even
to derive satisfaction from It. When
they are released from custody and return to their families, they will be
agreeably surprised nt the remarkable
forward move resulting to the labor
movement because of the outrage perpetrated upon them.
"The gaunt figure of poverty Is the
skeleton at our feast," writes a Fortnightly Reviewer. What care the rich?
Tbe sight of Its bare bones enhances
the sweetness of their meat, and gives
then) a greater sense of comfort ln
their fat.—Brisbane Worker.
So long as the menns of production
are held by n class, so long as that
capitalist class, controlling the lands
and factories, control and exploit labor, there will be for you neither liberty nor safety nor prosperity. You
wear yourselves out to provide profit,
rent and Interest for the capitalist
clnss. It Is your labor which makes
your masters' wealth, It Is your submission that makes their power.—From
Electoral Manifesto of the Socialist
Pnrty of France.
What a lovely cow. Uncle James,"
said a Boston girl, the morning after
her arrival, "and how comically she
shakes her head." "Yes; but don't get
too near that cow," cautioned the uncle, "he's nn ugly critter."
Premier McBride addressing the
fnlthful nt O'Brien's hall tn this city
the other evening took occasion to
mention that the wealth production of
the province last year amounted to
140,000.000. and the population numbered
175,000. This would show approximately
$230 per capita. ThlB,, of course, includes all non-producers, young antl
old, male nnd femnle, rich and poor,
the lame, the halt and the blind, not
excluding even the premier himself.
Will the Hritish Columbia wnge-earner
please figure out whether he got more
than his pro rata share of this enormous wealth production or not?
ruse for the hilarity with which the
unthinking multitude greeted the uniformed assassins known as the Royal
Canadian Mounted Rifles. To anyone
conversant with the capltalst class
when property Is in danger it waa no
laughing matter and the laughter was
nearly turned to groaning when the
troops were ordered to load with ball.
It was no comic opera, but grim
earnest. The capitalists do not pay
out money to clothe and feed men and
convert them into professional assassins to afford fun to the crowd, but to1
protect their property when It hi In1
danger from the attacks of the working class. The mllltla ls composed of
men from the working class, and
whether they realize It or not, they
may be called upon to shoot their fellows at any time. A worker who Joins
the militia is a traitor to bis class. We
have surely had sufficient demonstration of what the Rifles and the 80th
nre for to prevent any rush of recruits from among the workers of
Winnipeg in the future.
•   s   •   s
The possession «f the means of production, distribution and exchange of
wealth gives the possessors almost absolute power over those who have not
the means. Those who have not these
means must sell their power to labor
to those that have , otherwise they
must die of starvation The price at
which those of the propertyless class,
the proletariat, the working class, sell
their labor power oscillates around the
cost of living. The laborer must live
and rear other laborers, otherwise
there would soon be no laborers. The
oscillations are caused by the state of
the labor market. When jobs are plentiful the price rises, -ometlmes to a
considerable height above the subsist-
ence point: when Jobs are scarce the
price falls, and In unskilled work so
Rreat is the competition between tbe
would-be workers that the price actually falls below the subsistence point,
and  we have  the phenomenon  of the
"starvation wage," which term defines itself. Tbe greater the number
of workers looking for jobs the low*
the wages snd the greater the powei
of the employers to fix conditions, on
the other hand, when men become
scarce owing to good times wages rise
and the men may have some say aa to
the conditions under which they shall
work, the power of tbe employers are
more or less diminished. This Is the
competitive wage system and under
this system tbe success or failure of
a strike depends upon the state of the
labor market.
•     •    s    •
Socialists have pointed out the
above facts over* and over again, and
have shown the remedy. A i*ern*«t,
which ls really radical. I. e., goes tn
the root. Nothing short of the abolition of the labor market, and with
it the whole capitalist sys em, will go
to the root. This remedy will place
the working class In a position whan
strikes shall be unknown and "wages"
become an obsolete word, for with the
abolition of the capitalist system will
come the working class ownership of
the means of production, distribution
and exchange and each worker will
have the value of his product. The
nearest and quickest way to attain
this end lies throgh the ballot box.
When the working class ls represented
in legislative bodies by men from its
own ranks, and when its representatives are in the majority, as they can
eastly be, then the civil and military
power will bc ln Its hands, but as long
as the working class persists ln send
big men from the capitalist ranks to
represent i ?) it, so long will the "labor
market" and all that It means exist,
and so long will the dice be loaded
against the workers when they show
the not unnatural desire to obtain a
greater share of the wealth  produced
by them.
•   •   •   •
According to Collier's magaslne a revolution was recently Imminent In
Cuba, but the revolutionists felt they
had no chance of success except under
the leadership of Gomes a son of that
Gomes who was the patriot leader tn
the war against Spain. Gomes was
recently the candidate ot the Liberal
party for presidency, but Wall street
has |100,00*XOOO Invested In Cuba and
It seemed to endanger their investment
to allow Gomes to become president.
He was therefore made manager of an
enormous sugar estate on condition of
retiring from politics. He was defeated at the polls (It bad been arranged that way) and retired to the
estate where he Is busy directing two
thousand men ln the work of converting the wilderness Into a sugar plantation. The revolutionaries wished to
place Gomea at their head but the
"patriot" received word that If he had
anything to do with anything political
he would lose his pob. There was no
revolution. Thus, once more, is the
Socialist contention, that material Interests rule, proved to be true.
fraud, and the Jury look upon the prosecution with averted eye. Just so
long as dishonesty of one kind or another Is openly countenanced In business. Just so long will lt be practically
Impossible, except under unusual conditions, to convict the fraudulent
bankrupt or the retailer who has secured goods and credit upon false representations. Mayhap there la upon the
jury some tradesmen who has "padded*
his own credit statement; some one
who has placed a fictitious valuation on
his stock, or has told alluring hut unsubstantial stories as to his 'orders on
hand,' 'cash ln bank.' and 'bills receivable.' What chance under those circumstances of conviction?
"The jury passing on the prisoner's life.
May have in the sworn twelve a thief
or two
Guiltier than htm they try.'
" 'Why,' says a juror, 'here they are
trying to convict thla fellow Einstein
of what everybody does every day in
the year. Rubbish! Am I a thief? I
don't have any criminal intent. He
was just trying to boost his assets a
little. He's no criminal.' And out he
goes to tbe jury room and persuades
the other eleven that the defendant Is
no worse than everybody. Of course
everybody isn't a thief. The syllogism
is irrefutable.
" 'I suppose you didn't believe that
Mr. Einstein made those false statements?' I say, approaching him as he
steps into the corridor. The juror
pauses in lighting his cigar.
" 'Sure, he made 'em!' he remarks.
'Of course he made 'em! But, hell, he's
no criminal!' This bi an actual experience."
Comment is needless.
*   •   *
The Telegram of thla city Is publishing daily instalments of a novel by
David Graham Phillips, entitled "The
Deluge." It ls a tale of Wall Street.
In a recent Instalment one of the characters Is made to say:
"Up and down town, and all over the
place, what's business, when you come
to look at it sensibly, but trading ln
stolen goods."
Thus 'tis seen that even the Telegram sometimes tells the truth,
though it is careful to clothe Its nakedness in the garb of fiction.
SPARTACUS.
On February 26 some thousands of
workers gathered in Metropolitan hall,
Cape Town, South Africa and flatly refused to give either Protectionists or
Free Traders a bearing. They made
it absolutely impossible for any motion
to be put before the meeting. The Socialists proceeded to call a meeting outside on tbe public square, at which 2000
workmen assembled and listened with
wrapt attention to the promulgation of
the working class doctrine of emancipation from capitalist exploitation. Several old party politicians ascended the
platform and attempted to address tha
meeting, but were promptly howled
down by the assembled crowd. The
following motion was put, and carried
without a dissenting vote:
"That this meeting ts of opinion that
neither of the political parties, whether
Free Trade or Protection, Is sufficient
to solve the present social problem, and
that the only solution is for the workers to take matters Into their own
hands, either by capturing the legislative machine, or by fostering the general  strike."
Wherever capitalist property holds
sway the proletariat ls unfurling the
flag ot revolution, portentlous of the
near approach of the day when the
wage-slave shall cast off the yoke of
servitude and stand forth a free man.
Below Is a quotation from the same
magazine taken from an article on
•The Jury." by Arthur Train:
"Of course, as we live ln an age when
violence Is found Inconvenient and annoying, your Jury naturally condemns
by its verdict crimes of violent character, and will make but short work of
highwayman and thug. Burglars are
unpopular  both with  the    public and
The German emperor is the greatest
propagandist of Socialism in Germany,
according to Herr Bebel. Every time
the Kaiser opens his mouth, says the
Socialist leader, he adds 100,000 votes
to the Socialist Party.
"By the time the Crown Prince
comes to the throne lt will not be to
his advantage to speak of Socialism,
as it has been the habit of his father
and himself to speak of It," continued
the Intrepid speaker.
This daring language has thus far
been unpunished as lese majeste, for
which during the last twenty years,
2600 years of punishment have been inflicted on those adjudged guilty of offending His Majesty.
It ls thought that Herr Rebel's remarks, coming practically at the time
of the sliver wedding, have saved him
from punishment, but others point out
that the Kaiser Is not anxious to repeat his experience at Bremen or at
Breslau, where a man threw a hatchet
at htm.
The arrest of Herr Bebel might fan
Into flames a revolution against the
Kaiser.—Press Dispatch.
As long sb the workers are so blind
to their real interests as wealth producers as to believe that such Interests
are or can be in any way conserved by
the political representatives of capitalist property, so long will they find
themselves confronted with the gatllng
gun, the bayonet and the policeman's
club, or be knocked Into insensibility
by the courts' Injunction.
'M1.
- T*
TWtr
TH* WESTBRH b_J-*30N, f.g<tttft|fc    W-MMH 00*"*****:
Saturday April 14,1906.
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Ihe Vestal Mob
Published avery Saturday in «*-*•.
iBtsrssta of Uw working claaa alone
at the Offlea of tha Western Clarion,
flack Block baaem_i*t. 168 Hastings
Street, Yaacouvar, B. C.
SUBSCRIPTION:  $1.00 PER ANNUM
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly subscription cards ln   lota
of fare or mon, 75 cents each.
Adver-tlaing ratea on application.
II yon receive this paper, it ia paid
lor.
Addreaa all communications to
Tht WESTERN CLARION
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
closely related to us. by ties of blood,
buncombe and bombast, should not be
neglected nor even lightly looked upon.
From various newspaper sources lt is
learned that even now gaunt famine
rears its hideous bulk throughout the
entire western part of the United
.Suite:-.. This Is not the sort of famine
that finds warrant for Its existence
through the scarcity of the life-giving
bread, the succulent spud, or the soul-
satisfying product of the "beef truats, "
unselfish devotion to the welfare of
human kind. Far worse than that! It
Is a labor famine. We are told that
appeals are poured into the employment offices ot Chicago and elsewhere
for laboring men for all kinds of work.
These appeals are made ln vain, be-
The sooner lt reaches the point where
human society in sheer self-defense
shall be forced to assume control of Industry and direct Its powers to the legitimate and behUleant purpose of conserving the material needs of all its
members, the better. When the giant
of steam, steel and electricity ahall be
stripped of Ita function of capital and
converted to its proper use aa the Instrument of society, whereby tt conserves Its material needa, the day
dawna when man may really live, by
realizing the enjoyment of life in Ita
fullest sense. The dawn of that day
will mark the end of the long night of
slavery that baa over-ahadowed the
earth for some thousands of years.
cannot
be found.
They are
They are
Watch this lahtel on your pa-
QCQ Par. It thia numfciar is on it,
OU v   your aubecriptloa expiree ths
aext iaeue.
Saturday April 14,
1906.
THE STORM INCREASES.
When the lawless governors of Idaho
and Colorado, through the Instrumentality of their cutthroat thugs and retainers, seized Moyer,   Haywood   and
Pettibone and thrust them into Idaho
Jails to await trial for the murder of
Steunenberg, the powers that work behind these official curs and cowardly
marauders, and   are   responsible   for
their actions, evidently did not reckon
upon the storm of protest their infamous conspiracy was to call forth from
the ranks of the American proletariat.
These   sneaking   assassins   doubtless
thought the workers would remain as
quiet and undisturbed while the Western Federation men were railroaded to
the gallows, as did the workers ln 1887,
when the so-called anarchists of Chicago were murdered at the Instigation
of tbe brutal capitalists of that city.
But they reckoned without their host.
No sooner was the kidnapping accomplished than were heard the mutterings
of thunder, and the lightning of wrath
began to flash along tbe horlaon of tbe
labor  movement.    As  the  days  have
have lapsed tbe storm has Increased
until it bide fair to become a tempest,
that by  its very violence will ahake
the boasted structure of United States
capitalism to its foundations, If it does
not even cause its total collapse.
From all parts of the country comes
word of meetings and demonstrations
being held, that ln point of numbers,
and aa expressions of the growing solidarity ot labor have never bad their
counterpart upon this Western continent. These meetings and demonstrations will not cease; they will be kept
up and Increase in magnitude, and emphasis until those dauntless men shall
have been released from tbe custody
of their would-be assassins and restored to their families, where they properly belong. Unless positive and Indisputable evidence be brought forth to
convict these comrades of tbe crimes
charged against tbem, the working
clan of thla continent will stand convicted as a band of cowardly asses lf
they stand supinely by and allow them
to be done to death by official brutes,
to aatlafy the blood lust of that sneak-
tog and cowardly ruling class that has
its poisonous fangs buried deep in tbe
naUon's heart. A Baatile fell in Paris,
but little more than a century ago and
the soil of France drank the life-blood
of a million of her children. But
France and all the world breathed
freer ln consequence and the price of
freedom can be paid only In such coin.
Let the capitalists of the United States,
drunken with power, hut carry out
their damnable conspiracy to murder
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone, and
the Ume la ripe for the tearing down
of every one of their accursed bast lies
from the Idaho penitentiary to tbe
meaneat calaboose ln tbe land, Bather
that or fill them up with those who
should properly Inhabit tbem, tbe claaa
who devised them and whose torture
chambers they are.
And now comes word tbat a demonstration In San Francisco aa an expression of sympathy for the imprisoned men has been turned Into a riot
by the action of the police. Their indiscriminate clubbing of unarmed men
waa not, however, aa meekly aubmltted
to aa has. ordinarily been the case
More than one policeman got a portion
of what waa coming to him. Yea, verily, the atorm increases, with the
chances excellent that the class ln human society that has long been sowing
the wind in Its brutal treatment of enslaved labor will soon be reaping tbe
whirlwind.
cause  the laborers
They  are not ln  evidence,
minus.    They are  missing
non est.   In fact, they are not.
Twenty-five thousand men are needed for building operations in the nor'-
west and sou'west, but although the
fabulous wage of $2.00 and even $2.25
per day Is offered, not a laborer ap-
peareth upon the horison, or for quite
some distance beyond. Before the middle of the summer full 50,000 of them
will be required for railroad building
alone, and not even a miserable third-
rate, plcayunlsh one of the miserable
sons-of-guns ln sight. The railroada
of course cannot be built and the next
chapter ln the terrible tale will undoubtedly recount the horror of a people starving to death beeauae of a
scarcity of railroads.
This awful famine has even invaded
the precincts of domestic service. A
terrible scarcity of household help is
noticed in many quarters. Unless thla
feature of the famine can be broken,
the appalling spectacle will soon be
presented of people who are too lazy
and shiftless to empty their own slops,
miring In their own filth, while their
stomachs refuse food offered up on
dishes that have not been washed for
perhaps six months.
In the face  of all this famine and
threatened horror, a thought, perchance
a happy one, with splendid persistence
thrusts itself to the fore.   The Chink,
several millions of him ln fact, stands
ready to offer  himself as a  sacrifice
upon the altar of service for a very
reasonable consideration.    If  he  does
not stand ready, he can be Induced to
do so by certain little preliminary arrangements entered into with his heaven-ordained rulers, arrangements, by
the way, said to be not altogether unknown to British capitalists when the
South African gold fields were afflicted with a similar  famine some time
since. With a strong suspicion that the
famine sufferers  have overlooked the
saving grace of tbe yellow laborer and
with  an overwhelming  realization  of
the awful consequences that may result
from the non-building of railways, the
non-emptying of slops and the leaving
undone of the many other things that
ought to be done,  the suggestion   Is
modestly offered  that the  famine be
broken by letting down the bars and
allowing the pig-tailed heathen to come
to the rescue of  his famine  stricken
Christian  brother.    There ls a providence that does not even allow a snipe
to fall  without  making a note of It.
Beyond  question,   that  same  all-wise
providence has furnished the means at
hand  to banish  the gaunt spectre of
labor famine from the Great Republic.
It Is a sin to fly ln the face of providence—let down the bars at once.
Query.—Have those Instrumental In
spreading the silly fable of a labor
famine, had their eyes on the bars all
the while?   Perish the thought!
It Is nauseating ln the extreme to
hear the procedure   In   the   outrage
perpetrated upon Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone by the Idaho and Colorado
officials, denominated aa "repugnant to
the Anglo-Saxon conception of human
Justice."   A careful reading of Ita history shows the "conception of human
justice" entertained by that part of the
human race dubbed Anglo-Saxon, to be
no different from that of any other section of the human tribe.   Anglo-Saxon
Justice haa made of a goodly portion of
the earth'a service a shambles and a
slaughter-pen ever since this boasted
type abandoned the laudable occupation of cracking nuts, digging roots and
killing snakes for a living, and turned
thief,  marauder  and  cutthroat.    The
landscape of half the earth  ls today
dotted    with   prisons,    penitentiaries,
Jails,    work-houses,    Insane    asylums,
stockades and    slave-pens, aa monuments of Anglo-Saxon Justice.    Anything that would be repugnant to auch
a conception of justice would be so
unutterably vile as to be unsafe to Incorporate Into fertiliser,   for   fear   of
spoiling the product. The Anglo-Saxon
"conception" of Justice ls embodied ln
the power to deal out to every one that
which ut coming to him, ln tbe opinion of he or they who wield the power.
This   "conception"   Is   not   worthy   of
either praise or reverence, but should
be given the solar plexus that would
put It out of business as quickly as
possible.   It has been slobbered over altogether too long.
As the police clubbings and military
threats were handed out to the Winnipeg workers during the  recent  strike
by order of the men elected to office by
the votes of these same workingmen.,
it la not Altogether clear why they have I
any kick coming.   They got what they
voted for and, therefore. Just what was
coming to them.    What more or less
could   they expect?    It  is about  time
that Winnipeg brought  forth a labor
movement worthy of the name.   Such
a labor movement will not give support,  either political or otherwise,  to
that which It doesn't want, and then
squeal because lt gets    It    good    and
plenty.
That band of hungry coyotes known
as the liberal party that used to make
the political wilderness a perfect pandemonium with their discordant hysterics, during the recent session of the
provincial house, appear to have
dropped out of sight completely. At
least, they are heard from no more.
Neither are they heard of. Rumor hath
It that they have fallen into the cuspidor of oblivion.
A committee appointed for the purpose of Investigating the affairs of various state auditors of Indiana, covering
the period from 188*1 down to the present time, has tiled Its report with the
governor. A total shortage ot tSD0,5M
ls disclosed.
The auditors Implicated ln the stealing were all Republican or Democrats.
Also several who escaped merely by
the skin of their teeth. Still our faith
In the assertion tbat Socialists believe
In confiscation Is aa Arm aa ever.
Thomas A Edison declares that In the
near future cement h6uses will be In
vogue, thnt can be almost built In a
day, and at a cost of 1350 for a good,
artistic and comfortable house of seven
roome. He offers no assurance, however, that even then a home of his
own will be within reach of the wage-
slave. If It should perchance so happen, what a terrible hardship It would
work upon  landlords.
PLATFORM
Union   Directory
When Thsy Me—: Where They Mctt
gpp- Hirery Labor Unloo tn Ihe pratiace l, ,,,
ntc- to place s card under this bead, fi.■«, p,,
month.    Secretaries plraa* esse.
   ~ ■_■__
I Phoenix Mlnera* Union, No. |
VV. F. M. Meet* every Saturd.,
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Miner*
hall. V. Ingram, pre«Ufc_t, w a
Pickard, secretary.
Edward Bird.    A. 0. Brydon-Jack
Qeo. E. McCrossan.
BIRO, IHYMN.MM i ■cCMtSAN
BA-KIBTKR-, BOUC1TOH8, _T(;.
"Every purchaser is an employer of
labor," said John Mitchell to the
United Mine Workers, "The man who
buys, for Instance, a non-union hat
employs a non-union hatter."
Is that so? Well, we have noticed
that the price paid for the hat, or other
article, and the amount received by the
workers who produced it, were quite
two different sums. Can it be that
some rascal has gotten In between the
purchaser and his employee and stolen
a part of that to which the latter was
Justly entitled? John should make
some further explanations of this matter or tbe suspicion may lodge that
there Is a "nigger ln the wood pile" of
his philosophy.
To see the frayed remnants of the
once boastful fighting S. L P. mock
seriously engaged in a "unity" conference with their constitutional enemies,
the freaks, "fakirs," "muddle-heads,"
"grafters," etc., of the Socialist, "alius
Social-Democratic," alias, Volks-Zle-
tung corporation" party. Is a sight for
the gods—up In the gallery of a ten-
cent show.
"The Injunction ln labor disputes
must go," says Editor Sam Gompers
In the current number of the American Federationist. But lt does go, dear
man; It does go. It ls what might be
properly termed a "going concern," and
if you get In the way of one of them
you will go too. Juat where you will
go la quite another matter.
WHAT  IT MEANS.
The brilliant victory of the American troops In the Philippines recently,
when 600 natives were exterminated at
a cost of 18 blue coats killed and 52
wounded, haa been completely eclipsed
by a recent achievement of British
arms In Nigeria. A British force under Captain Goodwin attacked Sokoto
on March 12. The natives desperately
charged the British square, but were
almost annihilated. They were then
pursued to Satiru, and the town bombarded. Though the place was desperately defended, It was Anally captured
at the point of the bayonet More than
300 natives were killed. Including their
leader. The loss to the British waa
"one officer severely wounded." Ob,
glorious war! Oh, glorious empire!
GAUNT FAMINE.
While famine stalks abroad In some
of the northern provinces of Japan,
threatening death to many thousands
of the Mikado's subjects, lt ls meet
and proper that the phllanthroplcally
inclined should give from their substance for the relief of the suffering
ones until such time aa they may be
able to again gather the harvest and
partake of Its bounties. But while the
sympathies may be aroused for tbe suffering people of another race In a far-
off land, the dire necessities of a people Just to the south of us, who are
Those noisy and simple folk who kick
up such a hullabaloo over the existence
of the great Industrial and financial
combines of to-day and are ao zealous ln devising ways and means to put
a check upon their further development, might draw a little inspiration
from the remarks made by Charles
Stebblns Fairchild ln a recent addreaa
to the students of the State University
at Berkeley, California.
"In my own opinion," aaid Mr. Fair-
child, who waa in Cleveland- first cabinet and who is a banker of Reno,
"the so-called concentration of power
in the Industrial and financial world today Is due almost entirely to the Im*
provements ln transportation methods.
"The foundation of these improvements are the use of electricity and
steam. If we want to do away with
concentration, then I am afraid we will
have to dispense with electricity and
steam."
Mr. Fairchild would have more correctly stated the case had he used
the term industrial methods Instead of
"transportation methods." The concentration of power ls the Inevitable
consequence of the highly developed
machinery of Industry driven by such
forces of nature as the genius of man
has been enabled to harness for tbe
purpose. This development, and the
consequent concentration of power,
spells economy in wealth production.
It Is the concrete expression of the
largest quantity of the material things
required for the sustenance of man,
with the least possible expenditure of
human labor power In their production.
In the last analysis this Is fraught with
unqualified good for human kind. Its
legitimate purpose can oniy he that of
bringing within reach of all the mater-
la) requisites of a full, free and wholesome life rounded out by ample leisure
in which to enjoy It in fullest measure. The very purpose of life must be
the enjoyment of life. Tbe Improvement
of the mechanical factors of wealth
production and the consequent concentration of economic power, is hastening
the day when the opportunity for such
enjoyment will be opened before each
nnd every member of the human family and upon a plane Immeasurably
above that of the beast of the field and
jungle.
This development and concentration
of power must, and ahould, continue.
It cannot and ahould not he checked.
The cigar-takers' unions of Chicago
have planned to buy a tract of land
for the purpose of establishing a trade
union cemetery. The principal object
Is to provide a resting place for members who die in Chicago. Rest may,
upon occasion, be a very desirable
thing, but It would appear at first
glance that a little rest while living
would be tbe thing to make provisions
for. After a fellow Is dead he will get
plenty of It, and extended over no Inconsiderable period—that is, In so far
as his physical makeup Is concerned.
Now that Dowte la accuaed of appropriating to his own use 12,500,000
of Zion's money with which be has
beeiv In the hsblt of indulging ln Wall
Street speculations, Scotch high balls,
and Italian wine, it would seem that
this "First Apostle" business and "Insurance graft" are beans from the same
stalk. John Alexander, and Chauncey
M. might quite appropriately shed
tears In the same bucket.
We. the Socialist Party of Canada,
ln convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support ol the principles and program of the International revolutionary working class.
Labor producse all wealth, and to
Ubor It should Justly belong. To
the owners of the meana of wealth
production belongs the product ol
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all the products ol
labor belong to the capitalist claaa.
The capitallat ia maater; the workar
Is slavo,
80 long aa the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of government all ths powers ol the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production nnd their control
of ths product ol lnbor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swellin. stream of
profits,  and to the worker an ever-
I Increasing   measure   of   misery and
degradation.
The Interest or the working class
lies in the direction of setting Itsell
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wag* system. To
accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class
property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and tha
worker ia rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon atrl workers to orgsnl/e under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
snd enforcing the economic program
ol the working class, aa .follows
1. Ths transformation as rapidly
as poaaible. of capitallat property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc..) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management ol industry hy the workers.
8. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
Instead of production for profit.
Tel. 839. P.O. Box, 933.
HUA Hastings St. . . Vancouver.
n.c.
Wist tataj
gaT Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a earl
under this head, fl.00 par month
Secretaries plsasa note.
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
Executive      Committee,     Socialist
Party  ot Cunadu  meets  every  altei -
nul* Tuesday.
W. 11. FLOWERS. Secy.
II.  ». 222 Prior St..  Vancouver,  B. C.
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE   COMMIT-
TKK.  Socialist   Party of Canada.
meeta every alternate Tuesday.
J. U  MORGAN. Secy.
Mil  Barnard St.,  Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER. NO. 1. S.P
of Canada. Business meetings every Mor.dny evening nt headuuas-
tera, Inglestle Block. 313 Caml.ta
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m.. in Sullivan Hall.
Cordcvs Street.
D. P. MILLS. Secretary
Box K*M». Van. ouver B.  C.
LOCAL TOKONTO—Meets Snd and
4th Tuesdays. Scvialist llcntfc, ■.«•
Usrs. lRSJ Queen St.. West K
Dale. Sex-.. 4 J Henry St. .Jew 14,
branch every Sunday nigbt, samr
Hall
There ia said to be a movement on
toot in the States to have the Sunday
preceding Labor Day set aalde as Labor Sunday, with special services In the
churches for workingmen. This eminently wise provision will practically
Solve the labor problem. It is a wonder It was never thought of before. Let
the congregation now rise and sing:
"God save Labor!"
Wages in the Armour packing Industry in Chicago are given aa folio wa:
"Back-skinners, $11; dry-salters, 17;
cattle-stickers, $13; laborers, 17, snd J.
Ogden Armour $100,900 per week." That
J. Ogden gets a few dollars more than
the other laborers Is due to tbe fact
that hia dutlea are much more oner-
ouse than these of the rest. Ho has
a very large quantity of brains, and
brain work hi far more fatiguing than
mere physical effort. J. Ogden gets
none too much, taking everything Into
consideration.
The Seattle P.-I. Is horrified because
the workingmen in certain parts of
Russia have been ordered by the local
authorities to vote for certain candidates for tha proposed legislature, and
warned against voting for men of
their own choice. Thla aort of thing
has been practiced from time immemorial by American employers of labor.
Probably the P.-L is not aware of the
fact, though, as It Is much easier for
sheets of that type to discover evil at
long range. They are long on telescopic, but short on microscopic power.
Chinese pirates held up three passenger boats not far from Canton recently and robbed an American missionary named Hays of his cash and
surgical instruments. The Master sent
his disciples forth armed only with a
"cloak and staff." Just what need
Hager had for cash and surgical instruments is not clear, unless the missionary business was but a mask to
cover other and much mors material
purposes.
Another of Orchards' planted bombs
exploded In the streets of Tver, Russia,
the other day. By its explosion the
much beloved governor of the province,
M. Sleptsoff, was unceremoniously
slipped off into the grant beyond.
Whether tha bomb was Intended for
Sherman Bell, and Sleptsoff slipped
onto it by mistake cannot be determined until "old sleuth" McPartland la
heard from In the matter.
On the eve of the preliminary elections ln Odessa, Kussia, all the candidates of the workmen were arrested,
because they displayed too liberal tendencies. The authorities directed tbe
voters to choose other candidates belonging to the reactionary parties. How
ls that for reform?
The fact that some of the entombed
miners ln the recent mine explosions
In France lived over thirty days upon
hay, bark and dead horse will probably be taken by the employers as
evidence to show that the ordinary
scale of wages ts altogether too high.
The more light thrown upon the
Colorado-Idaho persecution of Moyer,
Haywood and Pettibone tbe more apparent does It become that Justice Is
not only aa blind as a bat, but aa deaf
aa a post.
The Moscow police have confiscated
a pamphlet written by Count Tolstoi,
entitled, "Is It Possible." If It Is anything like the moat of Tolstoi's stuff,
why It should be thought worthy of
confiscation Is a conumdrum.
Maxim Gorky predicts that "a year
hence Russia will be as free as the
United States." Did anybody say anything about Idaho and Colorado?
PROFITS, WAGES, AND SUDDEN
DEATH.
The Paris papers aro full of tremendous profits earned by the Coal
Mining Company of Courrieres, where
this terrible "accident" occurred, during the past 60 years and more. After
putting 10 per cent, on the paid-up
capital to reserve, ths dividends have
risen steadily from a paltry 10 or 10
per cent, to a permanent level of 300
and 400 per cent, with not unfrequent
realisations of 600 and 700 per cent, per
annum. Thus an Investor who risk
ed £12 for a share In the original company received In one year Just £90
by way of dividend, and often £60
and £70 as hia remuneration for "risk
and abstinence." Tet more than 1,
200 miners have been slaughtered by
what cannot be reckoned as anything
less than at tha very least neglect of
the teachings of science In safeguard
Ing the lives of wage-slaves who gave
forth these huge profits. And now the
coal-owners of the region are horrified at the men striking for 6s a day
for eight hours' work. Happily, M.
Clemencsau does not seem Inclined to
use the army as usual on the side of
the capitalists. Let us hops he will
maintain this attitude.—Justice.
The Socialist Party, when ln office
always snd everywhere until
ths present system is abolished,
make the answer to this question Its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the Interests of
the working class and aid the workers in their clam atruggle against
capitnlism? If It will, the Socialist
Party Is for It; It It will not. ths
Socialist Party ts absolutely
ed to It. ^_^^^
In accordance with this principle
tbe Socialist Party pledges Itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
In ita bands In such a manner as to
promote ths Interests of ths working class alone.
LOCAL WINNIPEG— Meeta first „r*l
third Sunday in Marcabee Hall.
corner King and Pacific Ave , at
2.80 p.m. Secretarv J. Co*on.
226 Piinc.ss St., Winnipeg.
APPLICATION FOR MEM-
RER8HIP IN TUB SOCIALIST PARTY    OF CANADA.
hereby  apply  for  membership
I,     THB     UNDERSIGNED.
In Local
 Socialist  Party of
Canada.
I recognise the clam struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
tha workera Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist claaa.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myaelf to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program nf the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Applicant	
Addreaa	
Occupation	
Age	
Cltlsen	
Admitted to Local 160..
 Chairman.
 Rec.-Sec.
tXa-tMwtl   IW4.
The VOICE
Tin* Oh-** l-dmr
Paprr In < anada.
Always n  fearlemi  exponent   In
the cause of labor.
For on* dollar the paper will
be sent to any address for One
/ear.
Workingmen of all countries
will soon    recognise    the  fact
that they    must    support and
read their labor papers..
ISHCKD    EVERY    FRIDAY.
The Voir* Pubihthlng Co., lAd .
Winnipeg,    Man.
—T_H_-*
Miners'Magazine
Published Weekly try tha
Wtsttrts ftfcraUM If Mutt
A  Vigorous Advocate of Labor s
Cnuss.
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.       Six Mob ths. fiOc.
Addrsso-
MINERS* MAOAZ1NE.
Denver, Colorado.
WANTED: by Chicago wholesale
house, special representative for
snch province In Canada. Salary
♦20,00 and expenses paid weekly.
Expense money advanced. Business successful; position permanent-
No investment required. Prr-iou*
experience not essential to engaging. Address
General Manager, 182 lake St.
Chicago. 111., U.S.A.
THE  WESTERN  CLARION
5 yearly sub. cards for $8.76.
Bundlas of 95 or mors copies to
one address, for n period of three
months or mors nt ths rats of one
cent per copy.
Patronise onr advertisers.
•0   VSAH8-
KXP-MSNCE
ATENTS
[__j*r__-:_j-MiTjfl
_ wc solicit the -ualneu or Mam-aetnr* .
gagiaeers aad ethers who realise the sdVUaMb
ily of having their Patent business transacted
byjgsperts.  Preliminary advice free.  Charges
r«v,n--*t. Marlon Anttrion. New Yen"- I.lr« B_g*
Moutreal; aud Washington, U.C, V.B.A,
Aafsae Matin*.
cslrtlr asieruia our
invention jt Brobal.lr
Thai* Mam*
Oisiana
Oopvriohts he.
r otMiilon (MS -aether r"
ilontitrjeltf oonSderitfij.. |
mtee on Patents
3ffi_^__r_»«EfflB_«fc.
tmttUI mtUtt, without, efeern. In lbs
Scientific Jfnerican.
hbmmmmainbmuwmiwmww.  1*££#m
I  —-■ ■ i—n sS» .AvttiUM-m
wm
mm
THE PCnliCm PANIC.
,„. unreasoning spirit which char-
"r'lzes a mob, seems, last week, to
te  taken   possession   of  the  mayor
chief of police.   The calling out of
military und the aanctlon to the
-.-trie  Street   Railway   company   to
Let In an special constablea IU tor.
l„ mercenaries can only be explained
itssumlng tbat the mayor had "lost
head" for the nonce.
ri„  name spirit of panic must have
/,.,! the chief of police,  who is rein,I In tin- dally papers of last Mon-
to have said, with reference to the
fcdblll printed below, "An Investtga-
|n is being made, and If the authors
discovered they will be placed unarrest and un endeavor made to
. the maximum penalty Imposed."
Iiniity   forsooth!    If any proof  was
V.leii thut our freedom to a mockery,
In,,, handbill maintains, it ts furnlsh-
1,>  this statement of Chief McRae.
thus been read by many cltlsens with
ret, who arc Justly proud of our po-
force, which, though small In num-
, is not Kurpassed for efficiency by
v  many similar  bodies.    That the
\in- system Is one of alavery ts dem-
trated, besides other ways, by the
■versa! aspiration of wage earners to
Lpe from It.   What will a man not
up  wlih for the plesure of being
■ o.n master?    Not only must  the
lt!<. earner be a slave, but,- accord-
to Chief Mcltae. It Is to be a crime
•ay so    Not only must he be a slave,
he must look out for "arrest" and
Inalty"   If  he kicks.    Scratch  capi-
|nmi and you  will  find tyranny the
fid over,   whether   In   Winnipeg  or
Petersburg!-.   How  true lt Is, the
linen I  you give a  mnn power over
fellows, he proceeds, lu ninety-nine
out of a hundred, to exercise It
Intimately If he can.
ides unionism recognizes this wage
pern .m a permanent ordained order
ueiety, the evils and degradation of
li It is the object to minimize, with
..-.nit that industry Is a succession
deadlocks  occurring   with  an ever
easing   frequency   and   bitterness.
Bo iai i-t  regards It as an unholy
K, tolerated through human Ignor-
and  doomed to give  place  to a
and rational order, tn which arbl-
iioii   will   not  only   be  cumpuleory,
■,. only natural means of determ-
tn: what share of the wealth produc-
;..rat!vely  belongs to the Indl-
ki.il worker a» his personal properly.
iresenUitlvss of the  various  crafts
nf.i.i.ce  with   representatives nf
! |»-i.| |« would arbitrate the value of
•.w.i k'*r.-t' services to the public.
l.il.II. ow net ship, belli** n distant rec-
 i. of this method. Is nowhere op-
i.l hy Socialists, although they are
-ful lo point out that as far as ll
yet been proponed or practised on
cmtlnent, It is like attacking the
del of capitalism with a pop-gun.
. tioi-ver the author of the hand-bill
it Is evident he realizes that the
is deeper than a mere question of
-rs and wages.
gocL\Larr.
This  is the  hitinl Mil  to which ref-
|me  Ih  made:
APPEAL To WORKMEN OF
WINNIPEG,
intrudes,- The time has come when
li can realize that your former belief.
It you were In n free country where
try body  la  eciual.  hns  only   been  a
«ii.   The present strife has proven
rou the freedom which you as Ca-
ians   were  supposed  to  have,   you
.••nvlrieed   now   that It   la only a
1 kery, that it means protection for
. '{".ration at the expense of the
)'■■ i irLit.   That lt means club reasoning   police  Insolence.    Constables
B -.'nke-breakers sre flourishing re-
i.rs without provocation. I'miffend*
■ itlsena are arrested, the militia to
led out  lo protect a few exploiters
'" the juat indignation of the entire
« ho resent this action on the part
Ithe authorities.    There Is no necea-
•f It.    If the military    protection
THE WEBTH-H (ELJ-ftttft VIJKttTOflt,   BRITISH POLM-BU^
fBRII.
Victoria
Advertisers
olooial Bakery
-t» Johnson St.,   Victoria.  B.C.
IIMON MADE IftCAO ARO CAItl
silvered u any  part ef Um city.   Ask
Driver  te  call.     Tbone 84».
Jo you know we sell from 10 to 25
tuts cheaper than our competitors.
"HASHES'FAIR
-"OR   __   Q_CA-**r»_S
71 Iiwhih tlrtet, WcMrii, I. C.
^♦♦♦»»»M»»»»M»»»»MM»r
TK1.KHHONK K77»
HENRY BEHNSEN i
! MwrlMlanr tl
HAVANA
CI6AM
» "** • Caatit It
VICTORIA, B.C.
Go.
)
HAROLD BURNETT
NEWS AGENT.
• letorta Agent for—
SEATTLE "TIME8"
PORTLAND "ORBOOKIAN"
San Franc-Boo "CHRONICLE*
Han Franolaco "KXAMINKR"
LOIS ANGELES "TIMES'*
CHICAGO "AMERICAN"
BOSTON "AMEKICAN"
NEW YORK •AMERICAN"
NKW YORK "WORLD."
Prompt aud regular daily delivery
I service to subscribers.
was required, It was needed hy the pedestrian from the strike-breakers and
z-aloua and over officious constables,
The men were getting _ utile too
much to starve on, but not sufficient to
live on. Their demands are Jum, reasonable, and their conduct manly. But
It does not mean a strife between 300
conductors and the Winnipeg Street
railway autocrats; lt is a war between
labor and capital, and organized capital ia trying its beat to break the
unions.
The proletarian has nothing to lose
but his chains of slavery. He has to
gain freedom, nnd the right to live.
Help lo win their present strike and
pave the way to a future system when
might shall not be right.
DOWN WITH THE CLUBS AND
BAYONETS.-Winnipeg Voice.
RAILWAY  AND  LUMBER CAMP
WuKc-Mim - Hound Iti-Yelstokc Made
Hi-adci-H of tlie "Clarion" by
Hub. Hustler Sibble.
REVELSTOKE, B. C, April 8.-
Thlngs arc rather quiet here from a
Socialist point of view. Comrade 81b-
blel left on Monday week for the South.
He waa here a week and got a nice
bunch of subscriptions. No business
done ut laat meeting night. Some of
our Influential members wanted to attend u lecture by a phrenological
sharp.
Some time ago a reverend gentleman
from Macedonia held forth from the
pulpits of the town ln the Interest of
Christian orphans of his country, and
told how they were treated by the unspeakable Turk.
He wanted to find Christian homes for
tbem. Under fifteen years of age to
coat nothing, but for ages above that
ISO for transportation was required. We
understand several of our bright rellg-
loua lights Invested quite heavily; from
pure sympathy for the poor orphans,
sure. However lhat may be, these
children would probably prove to be
excellent servants, and their dependent
condition would prevent any spirit of
independence as compared to the aggravating "no sabee" of the heathen
Chinee when he decides to refuse to
obey orders.
It now transpires that the Macedonian reverend gathered in thousands of
shekels in British Columbia and the
Northwest, for orphan transportation,
but failed to deliver the goods, and the
blood   hounds  of  the   law   have  been
loosed.
Those who have been cheated out of
this cheap labor have our sympathy,
but may the reverend sinner get away
just the same.
The Y. M. C. A. building opened yesterday week for business. There are
gymnastic appliances, games, baths,
billiards, etc. Many workmen do not
go to church and these conveniences
are put lu hia dm. h. possibly as an Inducement to get Into that environment.
There is no doubt that the church environment Is a good antidote to independent thinking along the lines of
working class Interests. Local capitalists have Invested their "made'' dollars--us l_iwson has ll—without any
expectation of receiving au Increased
return. When they do this they arc
giving lo charity or maybe a tribute to
the revolutionary workers.
Lute dispatches from Winnipeg have
the ring of those coming from Russia.
The workers of the former arc getting
what they voted for all right
DOMINION KXBCVnVE COM-
MJTTEE.
Vancouver. B. C, April 10th, 1906.
Present: Comrade Leah, Flowers, Stebbings. Piitchard. Organiser Kingsley
and the secretary.
The minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
The following correspondence was
.lea't with:
Prom the international Bureau the
following letter;
We hereby acknowledge receipt of
draft for 178.00. for the benefit of the
victims of cxarlsm.
We thank you In the name of our
llussian comrades and send fraternal
salutations.
CAMILLK HUYSMANS.
Secretary.
This sum was made up of contribution as follows:
l,octtl Dawson    $63."S
I-ocal Fernie. B. C    1.00
Local Squamish. B. C    600
Com, Burroughs,  Victoria      100
Total, less cost of transmission.$78.75
From Comrade L. T. English. Port
Arthur, Ontario, concerning organizing
u local ln that city and enclosing $1.00
for organising fund. Received and compiled with.
From Comrade J. A. Tell, Spence's
tlridge, enclosing $1.00 for organising
fund.    Received and filed.
From Toronto local, concerning organisation work and enclosing monthly
report.   Received and filed.
RKCEIPTS.
L. T, English, organisation fund..$1.00
J. A. Tclt, organlxotlon fund  1-00
Total    n*M
Adjournment.
J. O. MORGAN, Secy.
DOMINION ORGANIZING FUND.
P.O. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
The Dominion Executive Committee
has decidod to call for funds to be
uaod for tho purpose of pushing forward the work of organising such
parts of the Dominion of Canada as
have not yet boon reached. There is
. vast field to bo covered which will
of necessity entail conrtderntote expanse. The necessary funds can. however/ bo obtained It Locals, individual comrades and friends will take
the matter up by gathering and forwarding such contributions as may
be forthcoming. As soon as tho requisite funds may bo gathered it Is
Uie intention of the committee to
arrange trips, for ono or moro organ-
i_«rs7coverlng as largo a section of
territory as possible. With ^ergetlo
action In the matter of rata Ing funds
and Judicious appHcmtion of tha samel
bv the committee a much needed
work may be carried out that   wtll
****••    fruit In future election   campaigns.
All money received for this fund,
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at Its meeting on Feb. 27, appropriated from
the General Fund the sum ot t25,
to be applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
Dominion Organizing Fund.
The following sums have been   received to date:
CONTRIBUTION     TO     ORGANIZATION FUND.
Dom.  Exec. Com $26.00
Toronto Local     5.00
Comrade O.   Rayner      1.00
Comrade ft. McLachlan      1.00
Comrade J. A. Teit      1.00
Comrade L. T. English     1.00
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
Its repetition in the future.
THE TIME OF GREATEST THINGS.
Total   um.oo
Forward all contributions to
J. G. MORGAN, Sec.
551 Barnard St.
Vancouver,  B.C.
PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE COM-
MITTEE.
Vancouver, B. C, April 10th. Present, Comrade Pritchard: Chairman
Leah Stebbings Morgan, Organiser
Kingsley and the secretary.
The minutes of the previous meeting
were read and approved. The following  communications  were dealt  with:
From .Squamish, enclosing monthly
report; Comrade Teit, enclosing 12 for
organizing fund; Fernie, enclosing
monthly report; Nanaimo, enclosing
money for due stamps; Fernie, relating
to party matters; Vernon, asking for
Information on organising; Western
Clarion, enclosing bill; Vancouver, request for due stamps and cards. A
warrant was ordered drawn for $2.00.
RECEIPTS.
April Fernie  Local   $4.00
"     Vancouver Local   2.76
Nanaimo Local    5.00
Total    $11.75
W. H. FLOWERS,
Secretary.
PROVINCIAL ORGANIZATION
FUND.
The following amounts received tip to
date:
0.   Raynor    $1.00
C.   O.   D 1.00
Dr.  Curry     2.00
Teit    2.00
Leeds    60
Muck   1.00
Comrade     2.00
T. H. Elliot   1.00
J. Walton   1.00
Total    $11.50
VANCOUVER LOCAL, NO. I.
The regular business meeting was
held on Monday evening, April 9th,
Comrade Stebbings presiding. The
minutes of the previous meeting was
approved and warrants for the following amounts were authorised:
Rent of hall  $3.60
Stamps and supplies   2.75
Light for month   1.28
Total    87.5S
The program committee reported that
Comrade Stephens, of Squamish, will
speak at Sullivan hall on next Sunday
evening. And also tbat the new pro-
programs advertising speakers for
some weeks ahead, are out of the
printer's hands and ready for distribution.    Report received.
The ways and means committee reported progress, the final returns from
the last entertainment being not yet at
hand.
The committee on demonstration re
Moyer, Haywood, Pettibone affair, reported that the proposition waa endorsed by a number of the tradea
unions, and that a demonstration will
be made about the 20th or 27th Instant
The report was received and the committee advised to secure Comrade Kl.ig-
sley as one of the speakers for tbe occasion.
On the question of the May Day celebration the old committee was discharged and the meeting went Into
"committee of the whole." It was subsequently resolved that a picnic followed by a social and dance be held at
North Vancouver on the afternoon and
evening of Saturday, May 5th, and that
the neighboring locals be Invited to attend, and that a mass meeting be held
on the following day; lt waa further
resolved that the following comrades
be appointed a committee on tbe May
Day celebration, with power to add to
their numbers: Mrs. B. M. Burns, A.
It. Stebbings, R. P. Pettipiece, D. G.
McKenxte.
On resumThg~tHg** regular -order—of
buslness. Comrade Stebbings was elected Chairman for next Sunday's meeting at Sullivan hall, and the financial
report waa received, which ahowed receipts for the week of:
Collection, Sunday eve $5.50
From Comrade Pratt on acct  1.00
Literature salee  70
Dues, ucct M
$7.70
The meeting then adjourned.
D. P. MILLS,
Secretary.
TO
'•WKSTEIIN Cl-ARION"
READERS:
The greatest prosperity reigns. We
have the greatest nations, the greatest
armies, the greatest navies, the greatest ships, the greatest railways, the
greatest industries, the greatest commerce, the greatest wealth the world
ever knew. The smoke of our factories
bangs like a pall over the earth. The
hum of a myriad wheels Is heard tn all
the land. We have the greatest production and the greatest consumption.
But production is greater. The flood of
commodities ever rises. In vain we
crystallise commodities Into palatial
homes, beautiful yachts, vast armies
and navys, countless buildings, great
armadas of commerce, world-spanning
railways. In vain we rush to the ends
of the earth crying, "What dye lack,
my masters? Buy, buy, buy!" In vain
we artificially Inflate the buying power
of the masses by long credits. That
they may purchase houses "on payments cheaper than rent." furnish them
for a dollar a month. In vain we sell
them cycles and sewing machines, pianos and pottery-ware on tbe installment plan. It avails not; the Flood
of Commodities still riser,, for this ls
the greatest flood. Soon it must attain
high tide. What then? With no prospect of a market for commodities
within a reasonable period, the flat
goes forth, "Production must cease."
But what magic Is this? Greatest
Prosperity is fled. In Its stead reigns
Greatest Depression.
How is It with you now, oh ye
masses? What of your "payments
cheaper than rent," and your installment-bought goods and chattels? What
makes the sheriff so busy? And how is
it with you, oh, greatest proletariat?
Hunger bids you eat.    But how?
And behold, oh ye capitalists! What
to this monster that arises before you?
Of shape familiar, but to what buge
proportions grown. This too Is one of
the Greatest Things. This ls not the
little unemployed problem cur whose
yelping at times disturbed your repose;
to whom you flung scraps when he
snarled too savagely; who ate gratefully from your hand when you were
moved to feed him. No, this ls the
greatest unemployed problem. A
monster, billion-headed, many tongued;
ravening for food. What will you do
to pactfy him? What can you do? It
ls you that have conjured him up. Now
conjure him down again. Call forth
your high priests with bell, book and
candle to exorcise him. To bid him
turn his eyes to the glories of the
"world to come." To flourish before
him the Holy Commandment, "Thou
shalt not covet" But the monster Is
hungry! Clamorous voices within him
cry, "Behold, brothers, this mountain
of good things. We made them; why
then are we anhungered and in rags?
Why do our little ones cry so pitifully?
This is a goodly earth, flowing with
milk and honey. Is the fullness thereof
for one man and not even crumbs for
another. When Adam delved and Eve
spun, who was then the gentleman?
Who ls it that dares deny us that we
live? We are many, they are few.
What shall we do, brothers? Die—or
take?"
How tben wtll ye curb this monster?
It behooves you to do something, and
quickly, lest this masterless Caliban
And a new master himself. Lest the
greatest revolution be added to tbe
greatest things.
Comrades, to lt not time for us to
take thought and set our house ln order? To learn more that we may teach
the better A great crisis tn the world's
history is not so far off. It ls a time
of great promise. Looking abroad
throughout the earth, what do we see?
In Russia, a doomed throne upheld on
bayonet points; Austria and Italy,
"hot-beds of sedition;" ln Germany, a
vast revolutionary camp awaiting but
tbe hour; France, an unrestful volcano;
Britain, half-awakened, groping towards the light; this continent, backward, owing mainly to untaught
teachers and too much frontier, both
conditions being rapidly remedied. Let
us not forget that there ts a tide in
the affairs of classes—as of men—
which, if taken at flood, leads on to
fortune. Mc.
Vancouver, April 9, 1906.
The Appeal to Reason to certainly getting tn its work ln exposing the damnable conspiracy of the mine owners
against the' Western Federation of
Miners and Its officers, and spreading
the expose even Into the far corners of
the earth.   Two and one half million
2___V
SITING MACHINE.
ftOU-B- BEARING.
HIGH OUOi
Many complaints are reaching thla
office from aubacrlbers who fail to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's namo
and the number of papor with which
his subscription expires are kept continually In type and the mailing Hat
printed therefrom each week, after all
correctlona, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity hi the
performance of their duties, even If
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his   paper   tn
by buying this
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine,
STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
National Sewing Machine Co..
SAN FRANCISCO.  CAL.
I-ACTORY ATBB-VIMM-. ILL
copies of the "Rescue" edition were
run off and distributed through the
mails. George H. Shoaf, the Appeal's
correspondent on the ground, Is an able
and fearless writer who has such an
exasperatingly clever way of wielding
the knife while dissecting the bumptious claims and pretenses of the official, unofficial and unhung rapscallions
that are doing the mine owners' dirty-
work, that it is small wonder that the
unpleasantly odorous McPartland flew
into a rage and threatened to kill him
on sight, when he read Shoafa' report
in the Appeal.
At the recent municipal elections
throughout Montana, the Socialists recorded large gaina. In Livingstone one
Socialist alderman was elected. The
workers are at last moving and what
is more to the point, they are moving
ln the right direction. Let the good
work go on.
Harry Sibble continues to pour ln a
steady stream of new subscribers from the Interior of the province. When last heard from he was
at Rossland and the Clarion list at that
point was rapidly attaining to respectable proportions. Comrade Sibble reports receiving most cordial treatment
from those with whom he comes in
contact during his travels. Also that
there is everywhere expressed an
earnest desire that Comrade J. H. Hawthornthwaite visit the interior on an
agitation and propaganda tour at the
earliest possible moment. The work
done by our Socialist comrades in the
provincial house during the session recently closed has evidently not escaped
the observation of the workmen of the
interior—nor the capitalists either, for
that matter.
Arthur Morrow Lewis, who spent a
couple of interesting weeks ln Vancouver last winter, selling Socialist literature. Is now filling dates in Blsbee,
Arizona.
If you know a Socialist who doesn't
work at It, urge him to secure a copy
of "The Jungle," advertised elsewhere
In this issue. If he doesn't want to get
out and declare war on the wage system and production for profit after the
revelations made by Cpton Sinclair,
there's no fight in him. It's enough to
keep a man awake nights; guaranteed
to make you forget your own troubles
and cut out "canned" meats aa part of
your diet.
As the czar of Russia has taken steps
towards the reconvening of the Hague
peace conference, the query naturally
arises as to what extraordinarily
blolodthirsty work he contemplates engaging in now. It will be remembered
lhat Immediately after the last conference he plunged Russia into the war
with Japan.
SUBSCRIBERS TAKE NOTICE.
This issue is No. 368. If this is
the number upon your address slip,
your subscription expires with this
number. If further copies are desired, renewal should be mads at ones
If care is taken to renew before ths
expiration of the old subscriptions it
will greatly simplify matters in th a
office aa well as avoid any break In
receipt of papers.
_M>MMM»M>MM»M»*ie»»
WAGE-LABOR
AHD CAPITAL
BT KARL MARX.
Single copies, 5 cents; (
copies, 25 cents; IS copies, 50
cents; 40 copies, $1.00; 100
copies and over, 2 cents per
copy.
These rates include postage
to any part of Canada ot the
United Kingdom.
;; "The Western Clarion" \\
AS A PROMOTER
OP PUBLICITY
among the wage-earners of British Columbia, "The Clarion" is'
a winner. It has over
2200 paid-up readers.
Mail-order houses will
find it a business-
bringer.
THE
WESTERH
CLARION.
^■@@^$@$^@@«€r««€r^«^0««r««ft«r«l4»»4M9r«
AGENTS WANTED
YOU CAN MAKE A LIVING ANO HELP THE CAUSE
BY SELLING
THE JUNGLE
9
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g copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents m
X a copy.   Send to   us  for circulars and wholesale 2
$ prices.   The book is now ready for delivery. 9
|       THE JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO..       |
« BOX 2064 NEW YORK. |
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Some who started early are now selling ten ♦
«»«rC-3^€r««r$43r99«r«r«*«««r«««r««*««r«*0<
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a fTR HAT see to lt
tbat the Genuine Union Label ls sewed ln lt. If
a retailer has loose labels In his possession and
_pffers to put one In a hat for you, do not patronise
hirn. Loose labels rtrmall stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Cnlon Label ls perforated on four
edges, exactly tbe same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOH-TTT, President, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN LAW LOR, RccreUry, 11 Waverly Plnre,
1        New York.
OUR
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
i
.«■■-- ton*
THE WESTERN  CLARION,   VANCOUVER.   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Saturduy ..    ■■April u igrjj
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Pi-
NEWS AND VIEWS!
_H
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION
by R. P. PETT-PIECE, to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed.
s
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A SPICY LETTER
FROM U. S. CAPITOL
Caustic Comment Upon Current Topics
as Viewed by "Pure Stupli."
ADVICE TO WORKINGMEN
Appreciation of B. C.'s Socialist Party
M. P.'s.—T-e Coal Strike.—Samuel Gompers and Politics.—Lessons for Trade Unionists.—Socialist Politics or Dereat.—Moyer,
Haywood, Pettibone Drama.
WASHINGTON. D. C, April 3. —
Have received the "Clarion,"' and Its
voice rings good to me. Hope, with
the election deposit down to 1100,
'twill help to elect a fe^w comrades
from east of the mountains to assist
Hawthornthwaite and Williams. The
engagement they played In the session at Victoria is one for all comrades to be proud of. I believe we
will gain more than by their legislation work, however, in the good effect
their efforts will have on the crop of
unconverted, who cannot fail to see
what Socialism will do for them when
ln control of government ln all its
branches. I sincerely trust the comrades in the Kootenays will follow the
lead of the workers of Vancouver Island, and send a few of their own
representatives to Victoria, after the
next election, instead of representatives of propertied interests. Will
the smelter employees get the coveted
eight-hour day if they send their own
men to Parliament, instead of hirelings of the old parties? Well, I
should osculate a porker!
And that brings to my mind the
local situation in John D. Rockefeller's homestead, sometimes termed the
U. S. Under the wise (?) leadership
of Mitchell's John, the time for the
Impending coal strike has been set
for a period when coal for general
uses is not ln very great demand with
the Summer coming on. I could not
conceive of a more propitious moment to throw the coal miners down
hard, than to strike now. How about
half a million miners will live fornix
months on a strike fund of two million dollars ($4 apiece) Is beyond me.
Four dollars for a man and his family
to exist on for all Summer (for the
coal barons have given it out they
won't need the miners till Fall), about
66c a month, or 2 cents a day (for the
whole blooming family to live on,
mind you), is what the Miners' Union
leaders expect to win this strike with
Poor old Pres. Baer et al coal opera*
tors, all they have to live on during
the aame strike ls (ln Baer's case,
for Instance), $5,000 a day—barei>
sufficient to keep a private car and a.
few automobiles. It must be hard,
indeed, for the poor coal operators tc
lace so long a strike, and the theatre
season Just coming to an end, too.
But, then, a yachting and automobile
tour to Paris and Switzerland, and a
few weeks of Monte Carlo will tide
the poor and much-wronged coal operators over the strike. A few court
injunctions; a few dozen miners shot
down by deputies (as erstwhile at
Hazleort, Pa., and more recently in
Colorado); a few millions of tons of
coal already mined, advanced a few
dollars a ton—three or four million-)
profit, and the old, obsolete weapon of
the Pure (sbould.be poor) and Simple
(this goes) Trade* Union is exhausted
once again. A few new "leaders,"—
honest men, this time; smart too!—
and the Union, like the old Bourbons,
la doing Ms at tbe old stand; slightly
disfigured, but still In the ring. No.
I'll take that back; meant to say, still
in the soup.
Say, comrade, the eighth wonder of
the world haa come to pass now, yea,
even now. What tt Is? Why, Samuel
Gompers himself., the same old Samuel, who for years has opposed Socialism, and opposed his own unions
going into politics, now comes forward and threatens that unless Congress passes "labor legislation" (whatever that be), HE will run a labor
party ticket As near as I can make
out, he wants Congress to pass an
Employers' Liability Bill. This Bill
will give an employee ot a railroad
the right to sue such railroad lf such
employee ls Injured and crippled
through negligence, etc., of such railroad. How brilliant! What stupendous statesmanship! Just Imagine, a
crippled railroader having the "right
to sue" a R, R. Co.! He, of, say, $100
cash to hire a third-rate lawyer with,
to sue a railroad owning millions of
cash and specialised legal talent by
the year; the employee who pooh-poohs
going into politics himself( consequently neither electing nor appointing the judges sitting on his case)
fighting the railroads (who are and
have been in politics, and coughing
up campaign contributions, consequently having had a say in the election or appointment of the judges
sitting on such case)! It Is enough to
make one doubt the sanity of Samuel
Gompers.
Or Is it that a G. realises that If
these pooi misled unionists were to
see Into such tomfoolery, study up
economics and practical polities; In
other words, because class conscious, that his job would be gone?
That hi might miss a few meals now
and then, like his dupes? Were Gompers, Mitchell A Co. to devote as much
time and effort to the betterment of
the condition ln which they find the
workers under them, as they do to the
holding onto their Jobs, they would be
in better business. But then they might
have to work.
The striking printers in this city of
c-ltles, where the supreme court of the
District of Columbia, as well as the
Supreme Court of the United States ts
located only a few blocks from their
own headquarters, got a beautiful
dose of the power of pure and simple
unionism. Judge Stafford, of the supreme court i if the District of Columbia, granted the injunction asked for
by the proprle ors of print shops. No
officer, coinmii._>eman nor member of
the prlnteis' u-ilon may hereafter accost a "scab" > persuade him from
working for such boss. Should a union
man talk peaceably (or warlike, It's all
the same to Uie- judge) to such strike
breaker, or even point him out to
another man ln a public place or street
(without talking to him), such pure and
simple unionist comes under contempt
of court, and will no doubt, get cases
on the District of Columbia rock pile
for about six months. After this Injunction, a lot of the boys talked about
crooked work, etc., and backcapped to
their hearts' content-
Asked them. "Did they get what they
voted for?" They (as a whole) vote for
an old party man—propertied class;
old party man appoints Judge Stafford—propertied class; Judge Stafford
grants injunction to bosses—propertied
class; 1. e., the printers got what they
voted for. is that correct, comrade?
Seems to me a school child could figure tbat out. Why, then, such flurry
and kicking?
It ls a shame that labor leaders (so-
called) should so prostitute the possibilities of their office as to keep mum
about the class struggle, Instead of
really leading the workers on to the
ballot, where their only salvation lies.
GIVE ME CONGRESS TO PASS
LAWS; a PRESIDENT TO APPOINT
JUDGES; A CLASS-CONSCIOUS
PARTY OF WORKERS (Socialist party) TO AMEND THE CONSTITUTION, AND NO INJUNCTION NEED
BE FEARED BT PRINTERS OR
ANY WORKERS.
As it ls now, any legislation passed
by congress or the respective state legislatures that does not suit the propertied Interests Is declared "unconstitutional," as the erstwhile "Income
tax," for Instance. Had at that time
the supreme court of the United States
been composed of Socialists, the Income tax would have stood as enacted.
All of which goes to prove that you
get what you vote for: propertied class
party—decisions ln favor of propertied
class; Socialist Party—decisions in
favor of working class. That's clear;
also easy of comprehension.
Moyer. Haywood, Pettibone? Oh,
yes, believe I remember those individuals. Were accused of assassination
and dynamiting. Think they also caused the high floods in the Ohio river,
and tbe railroad collisions in Kansas,
Pennsylvania and on the Canadian Pacific, and the Zulu rebellion in Natal,
and the Chinee boycott; and, say,
maybe the old parties in the states
where the Western Federation of Miners exists ain't scared at losing: control of political power and so are set-
ling or trying to set, an example of
the officers of the W. F. of M.—Justice?
Of course, justice. As In the printers'
case above cited, the judges will, as a
matter of fact, hand to the Western
Federation of Miners the Justice prescribed by those responsible for their
justice jobs, 1. e., the propertied class
justice. That's tbe kind, see.
•    "PURE 8TUPH."
STATE CAPITALISM
IN NEW ZEALAND
The
"Worklngman'g   Paradise,"
Portrayed by Com. Rob.
THE SAME WAGE SYSTEM
A "MILITANT "DEMONSTRATION.'
The "flTorkei-s Gave the Power to Oppress— the Workers Can Take It
Away.
The U. S. national executive committee has submitted the following resolution:
"Whereas, the success of the conspiracy against the leaden of the Western
Federation of Miners depends upon the
acquiescence or silence of the working
class of the United States, and is possible only because the powers of government are still In the hands of tbe
capitalist class; therefore, be lt
"Resolved, That we consider the most
effective means of defending our comrades and of preventing the repetition
of such outrages, lies in the growth of
the organized Socialist movement and
the threat and possibility which such
a movement carries of the capture of
the powers of government by the
workers."
There are a few hotelmen ln Vancouver this week who will be more
apt to accept the socialist contention
that the big are growing bigger and
the small smaller. It's really painful
to see the little fellows getting crushed out of the bourgclse, but It's a
peck or fon to the socialist. But then,
they must like It.   They vote for It.
An Invitation has been extended by
the U. 8. national executive committee of the Socialist Party, to Comrade
August' Bebel, "leader" of the Socialist Party In the German Reichstag, to
make a tour of the United States. If
Comrade Bebel visits the Pacific Coast,
nothing less than an opera house meeting will do in Vancouver.
Premier Mcflrlde says there was
$40,000,000 worth of wealth produced
hi British Columbia In 1906. The
wage-ft-tvc- who produced tt are still
struggling 'neath the shadow Of the
sheriff. It's what most of them voted
for last election.
And Production for Profit Still Holds
New Zealand Workers In Subjection and Kobs Them of the Product of Tlieir Labor.—Congratulations to Fellow Workers ln the
"Motlicrland."
The "Clarion" is ln receipt of an Interesting letter from Comrade C. P.
Robinson, of Wellington, New Zealand.
It will probably do much to puncture
some of the Inflated misapprehensions
of Canadian workers. Says the comrade:
I received from a comrade In Canada your excellent little paper, dated
January 26th. and I am now sending
you the N. S. W. "People," also clippings from the Wellington "Truth." I
do not know how you view this country, but If you think lt democratic, you
were never more mistaken; if Socialistic, let me tell you there is no country on earth so saturated with all the
evils and iniquities of State Capitalism, in fact, the colossal Imposition
of this being the "working man's paradise," can only be refuted by sad ex- I
perlence, shattered hopes and the pub "■*
lie ity of items such as the enclosed.
As far as the Socialist movement Is
concerned. I am sorry we do not seem
to make the headway one could wish.
We, at present, are following no vigorous policy that will ensure our own
safety. We suffer from a dearth of men
of statecraft and strength of charac
ter.
The New Zealander has been nurtur
ed ln sunshine and without fear of
alien conquest. His political salvation
has been In his own hands. Consequently, a climatic propensity to easy,
going, sporting dalliance has degenerated into a disease of indifference.
Then, too, we have labor fakirs, ls
bor leaguers, etc., ln New Zealand.
Our only hope ls Socialism.
Following Is the clipping enclosed by
Comrade Robinson.
A largely attended meeting under the
auspices of the New Zealand Socialist
Party was held In the Druids' Hall,
Taranakl street, last night, Mr. J. B.
Hulbert presiding. On the motion of
Mr. P. Robinson, seconded by Mr. T. A.
Eagle, the following resolution in re
gard to the success of the Socialist organizations of Britain in the recent
elections was carried unanimously:
"Comrades:—We, the members of
the New Zealand Socialist Party and
sympathisers rejoice with you In the
great measure of success which has
been yours in the recent general elec
tions. It gives us much satisfaction to
observe that the principles of Socialism
and Independent political action are at
last being understood and accepted by
our fellow-workers in the Motherland
We are aware that this Is not altogether due to the work of those who
have been successful at the polls, but
is in great measure the result of the
ceaseless labor of many nameless
workers who during the' past quarter
of a century did all that tn them lay
to make plain the path for those who
were to follow them In endeavoring to
hasten the coming day. To James Kelr
Hardie and that noble band of Socialists in South West Ham, who rallied
to haa banner In 189$, when he enunciated and emphasized the principle of
independent political action on tbe floor
of the House of Commons, knowing
neither Liberal nor Tory party, aave
as wings of the exploiting classes and
as enemies to be guarded against, the
victories must be gratifying indeed.
Knowing, as we do, from the results
of many palliative measures passed ln
this colony, the utter Inability of any
ameliorative or palliative measures to
secure to the workers even a larger
share of the fruits of their labor, we
would enjoin our British comrades,
when forcing or accepting from the
government of the day any ameliorative measures to make plain from their
places In the House that the objective
nf socialism Is not the mitigation of
the evils of the present capitalist system, but the utter abolition of the ays-
em."
Mr. R. Hogg spoke to the resolution,
taking as the text of his address, "The
Crucifixion of Labor." fl
Columbia legislature. If the workers
of British Columbia clout send several
good comrades to keep them company
another session, I miss my guess and
will he greatly disappointed.
I am glud to know, loo. that C'oni-
rude Dales Is to stay permanently lu
British Columbia. He can be depended
on to do thorough, sound und persistent
work, and the party will never have to
blush for his rawness or flights of
funcy.
Spokane has now the proud distinction of being the strongest city for Socialism in Washington, which stute hus
for several years stood at the head of
the list of states. Wc Spokaneltes feel
rather cheery, though, of course, we do
not challenge any comparison with
British Columbia.
I was rather amused at a recent article In the "Clarion," by Comrade
Mortimer, whoso splendid ability I
greatly admire. In which he takes the
precise position of Citizen Weston,
whom Marx answers in his "Value,
Price and Profit." Yet Comrade Mortimer quotes Marx to refute those who
hold the same position which Murx
takes throughout the whole pamphlet.
I greatly enjoy the "News and
Views." It adds spice snd variety. Am
putting In some licks for the cause
right along and will close with fraternal
greetings to those who are doing the
same.
Yours for the revolution,
TOM E.  WALSH.
A MASS lMMrTTEST MEETING
To lie Held by Vancouver Workers in
re Haywood, Moyer ami IVttl-
buae.
A Joint Haywood-Moyer-Pettlbone
protest mass meeting Is to be held In
Vancouver some time this month.
Nearly every labor organization In the
city has named representatives to act
as a committee to organise the meeting and program. The meeting promises to be one of the best ever held,
though probably the first for such a
purpose.
Such a militant attitude on the part
of the workers Indicates the growing
revolutionary sentiment and spells A-
L-A-R-M for the ruling class—the men
who own the means of life of the
masses.
Further particulars as to dale and
program will  be given  next  Issue.
1906  MAY  DAY
CELEBRATION
To  bo  Hold st  North  Vancouver on
s-itiinlii) Afternoon, May .lib.
MASS MEETING ON MAY 6
SPOKANE SENDS GREETINGS.
An Interesting Budget of "Newa and
Views" From Com. Tom E.
Walsh.
SPOKANE, Wash.! April ft-I had
Intended writing before to send you a
line of appreciation for the work of
Comrade Harry Sibble, who spent a
week In Spokane some time ago, I
did a stunt of the kind ha is engage.1
in three years ago myself and can appreciate more fully than thofe without such experience what difficulties
he has overcome in his missionary
work. His good nature and persistence"
In the work he has set before him are)
deserving of the highest praise and
should serve as an example to others
to greater consecration and greater effort ln our great cause. '-
The Socialists ln Spokane note with J
pleasure, the splendid work of the two
comrades.   Hawthornthwaite and Williams, in the laat session ef tbe British
In Labor Hall.—Committee Named to
Arrange Program. — Invitations
Extended to West Const l/ocnl«.—
I'rc.Ion-. May l>ii) Celebrations,
and" Socialist Picnics.
At last Monday evening's business
meeting of Vancouver Local S. P. of
C. a committee consisting of Comrades
Stebbings. chairman, Mrs. B. Merrill
Burns, Mc-Kenzle and Pettipiece, was
named to urrange for the 1906 May
Day celebration In Vancouver. The
program as suggested by the meeting
In committee of the whole, was a sort
of free and easy picnic on the ufter-
noon of Saturduy, May 5th, at North
Vancouver, Pete Larson's pavilion to
be leased lf possible, music provided and
for those who desire, dancing throughout the afternoon, and also In the evening. Special arrangements for a good
terry "service will be made.
On the Sunday evening following.
May 6th, a mass meeting will be held—
In Labor Hall If available—at which
capable speakers will address the
workers.
Invitations are to be extended to all
the West Coast locals to be present If
possible, to participate In the workers'
real world-wide Labor Day.
The committee will meet tonight
(Saturday) to report the result of their
efforts and arrange further details.
ror two years past Vancouver Socialists have celebrated May Day, but the
1906 turn-out gives promise of tbe best
yet.
Four years ago Comrade O. W. Wrigley, now In Toronto, organized a Socialist picnic, wblcb was held at Central
Park; three years ago the local spent
a most enjoyable day at Brocton Point;
two years ago the comrades held forth
nt Second Beach, Stanley Pork, having
Comrades Mr. and Mrs. Osborne present; last year—on May Day proper—the
local members and their friends went
to North Vancouver, and had such a
good time that this year they will try
it again—one day at North Vancouver
und the following evening at Labor
Hall.
A record of the growth, development,
experiences and history of Vancouver
local for the past five yonrs would
make an Interesting epitome—especially to the Socialist, who can view
nnd understand the significance and
underlying forces of local and current
events.
There has been great changes In local
labor circles during the past five years.
There will be greater changes still during the next five.
Every May Day should be made a
mile-stone.
VANCOUVER   LOCAL'S PROGRAM.
Comrade Stebbings was the speaker
at last Sundays propaganda meeting
In Sullivan Hall. Following Is the lo-
-*1'h program as far as arranged:
April 15th— Alexander Stephens, of
Squamish; subject, "Socialism and Education."
April 22nd—John Cloak,  councilman
(of Belllngham, Wash.: subject, "Evolution of the Machine."
April 29th—E. T. Kingsley; subject,
"Politics of Labor."
May 6th—In hands of May Day1 com
mlttee.
May ISth—J. Q. Morgan; subject,
"The Trade Union, Ancient and Modern."
Good music.
Ladies especially Invited.
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SPRING
GOODS
Just arrived from Glasgow,
Scotland. All kinds of Fine
and Fancy Worsteds, Tweeds,
Serges and Fine Striped Pant-
ings made to order in the
latest styles at the cheapest
prices. Give us a call immediately. With every suit Fit
guaranteed. Ladies' tailoring
a specialty.
CHARLIE DUNN&CO.
Merchant Tailors
100 Hastings St.,   Vancouver.
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PROPOSAL
FOR PARTY UNITY
I'umn at Work to Benin* l"nlt«il and
Harmonious Action.
AMONG  U. S. SOCIALISTS
A JoIiihi conference suggested fur Um*
Piirpwxe of Id*Wins Wajw ami
Mean* lo Unite the N. P. of A. and
Hie S. L P. In l>oe Mllllant Wo-
rialiitt Political Organisation.
Word H. Mills, u 0. 8. Hoc lullst Party
national committeeman, of IVxu*. ha*
sent the following motion to the l*. 8.
National Executive Committee for submission  to referendum.
"I move thut. in order to m; ure united und harmonious action anionic Socialists In thc United States, the National Executive Committee of the So-
c-iulist Party In America be Instructed
to forthwith tuke such stet>* us will result in their meetlns; with the National
Execulve < ommlttee of the Socialist
Labor Pary for a joint Conference tot
the purpose of devising ways and
means to unite the Socialist Party Of
America ond the Socialist I,»b»r Party
In one militant .Hoc-tallst polltlral organisation."
The above motion will be of much Interest to Socialists the world over. And
should the member* of the S. P. and 8.
_.. P. decide to vote* for the amalgamation of their party organisation so
much the better.
It will be noted, however, thnt the
motion refers only to the unity of "one
militant Socialist POLITICAL organization." This la as It should be.
whether the mover realised its significance or not. fl
The S. L. P. members, and not u few
S. P. members, should, by this time, be
able to see clearly that the present
mode of capitalist production has already organised the workers on tbe
"economic" field; so perfect is thc organisation, indeed, that few dare
break awny from their slavery lest
they be thrown more ruthlessly Into
the over-stocked and ever-Intensified
labor markets of the world.
The power to command und enslave
labor Is the title deeds of ownership of
the means of life. This power can only
be made "legal" and enforced by the
power and machinery nf the State,
which Is but a reflex of the coercive
power of the ruling class.
This being the case, the workers need
waste no further time endeavoring to
do something by doing nothing.
"Bconomlc" protests, strikes, etc.,
are futile, so long as the workers must
sell their labor-power In order to live.
After 40 years of such warfare the
workers Involved have been defeated—
no, not defeated, but compelled to
change their mode of procedure.
If the above unity of forces Is to be
based on this new line of sctlon—the
enpture by the workers of the powers
of State—members of the Socialist
Party of Canada will have reason to
congratulate their United States comrades, and feel more firmly than ever
the tenablllty and correctness of their
own platform and attitude toward the
workers.
This Is Our
Proposition
without reservation of anv mm I
Th* choice of hundreds of mn't -A
perbly tailored and fault Int. ly i^l
toned $15 to f-0 Suits for
$10.00
Pull and coniplrtv lines in nliucat
••Miry style — garments thai set
made t« sell «t almost i r i ■■ £
prices now n~-*l for tbe-m art hat
in a profusion of ttylm and im, >,*,
Never before was our claim *t
Iflve most for your numey, mi aaal
Iv  demonstrated.
KILROY, MORGAN "0, Lti|
WS mtnan Street
•HI
Ml
BURNS & CO
HARDWARE and       ;
I Second Hand Deafer:
"There Is one kind of prison where
the man Is behind bars, and everything that he desires is outside; and
there Is another kind, where the things
are behind the bars, and thn mnn Is
outside."—"The Jungle."
Let the Clarion print vour
printing.   Tel. 824.   Box 836.
..)«    i !
Cook    Sto\c*s    and    To.
.Specialty
We buy and sell all   ' in•!•> oi }\
scrap   metal,     old    machinery,
rubber,   sacks,   bottles,  etc.
Storea—liW Cordova St.. E.
hardware A junk. 101 Powell
St., new and second-hand fur-
niture.
t 'fattt liTt        Vuctgvtr, 8 6  Jl
I M -J
PHONE  A1676
Vancouver Uup
Employment   ami   Financial   KgenU
Ileal  tCstate   Expert* and    Buttual
Brow..
Room  0.  Miller  Illock.
32 Cordova 8t. Vancouver, H ■
LEE 6 MORGAN
Telephone 2_ul.
Sanitary Experts. Plumbing in *-"
Ita hranehos. Estimate. furnif-«'.
Repairs, stove connections, etc.
CHARGES  HEASONAHI.K
Ml VCITMIRITCR AVI. Cwttrtl PfW
CPrTritS    Practical Beet
.   rC.IU.5   ^thmmaW
lfsnct-Msd* Boots anil Hhors to onlrr in
nil styles,   Hr-xi tiny prempllv sud "rally don*.    Matk  or nuiplt n*sily-i»»""'
Shoes idnsys m baud.
I4M fftttnlBitir Ave      Heist PI""*"
tats, __■_.
nmm ■■•»■■**
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
If ycu would like to spend lens rime tn your Wtciien and wood slid.
and have much more time for outdoor life, recreation and pleasure,
look Into the question of doing your cooking with n Oas Hange.
Telephone your address to our office and w» will send h mun to
measure your promises and give you nn estimate of cost of InsUUlng
the gas pipes.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
	

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