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The Western Clarion Jul 9, 1904

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Tins is
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, July   9, 1904.
subscription Price
Per Year
|The Result si Countless Centuries ef  Development.—As They  Work So  Must
They Own If They Would Bo Froo.
Collective   Production   Cannot   Work in  Harmony With
Capitalist  Appropriation—The  Lesson
Taught by the Machine.
The  method  of  wealth  production
(1 vogue at the present time is not
nly a powerful one, but extremely
omplicateil as well. That it lias not
pfrutiK into existence in a day, but
las grown up from the smallest of be-
liimings goes v^ithjout saying. It
presents the total achievement of
■e race since man first made his ap-
larnnce upon the earth. To fathom
Me secrets of nature and harness her
Incs to work his will has been the
Jcupatioti of mankind since its birth.
■though the task has been a pro-
lyious one, and the journey long,
■ brave start has been made and the
llendid achievements so far attain-
_, great though they may appear,
It but a promise of the still greater
pngs to come. Man is a social ani-
bl. and from his infancy has bathed in bands, groups, communities,
It is foreign to his nature to
luggle or to live alone. His amnions, hopes, desires and pleasures
only be realized in conjunction
lb his felows. The motive that
forced him-to wring from nature
secrets, and compel the surrender
(her  treasures,  must  have  sprung
im the common good.    As an in-
■idual  he could  neither have con-
ved,  accomplished  or  enjoyed.
Jt is generally conceded by those
|o   have   given   the   matter     much
dy, that man has existed upon the
!th fuly 100,000 years, and for more
nine-tenths   of   that   period   he
ed in a state of communism,
—luring that period he never knew
Ivate property in the means of life
1 we know it.    Slavery, or the excitation   of  man   by   man   was   an
(known quantity to him.    Whatever
, did in the way of finding or proving    sustenance    was    practically
ine by all, and for all members of
|e   particular   tribe   or   community.
IThere came the time when
as to make its appearance upon the
(j.ge  of  history,  and  play  it's  part
the great process,   lt would seem
f first glance that slavery could not
for the common  good.    Outside
the    more    servile      ones    the
Iive Would declare it not good for
m. As slavery has existed, however,
r at least 5,000 years, it seems cer-
in it must be a necessary p».rt of
<■ working out u' the ultimate com-
>.i good,
f'rior to the advent of slavery suf-
(ient advancement had been made in
riculture and the domestication of
imals, and the tools of production
d been  made powerful enough  to
able  mankind  to engage  in  those
rger undertakings by which his fur-
er advancement was to express it-
f, and the carrying out of which deluded that individual labor be trans-
•med into collective or social labor,
break  down   the   traditions    and
flits of thousands of years could be
| easy task.    Nature is at all times
el in her processes, and the seem-
cruelty of slavery being the cvi-
It necessary means  of transform-
It he haphazard and inefficient mc-
of individual labor, into the or-
and powerful method of social
|r, it might as well be looked tip-
Is for the best.
the transformation    has   been
tically completed it if* no longer
er for the common good that sla-
should  continue.    Wealth   pro-
Son is now carried on by
Social Labor.
I~ every article used in our daily
is goes the labor power of the
rld's industrial army. The result
the labor of the individual can no
ger be distinguished from that of
By the very nature of the tool
weaLth production, (machine), the
brkers are forced to march together
the industrial army. They are
reed to fall in line at a given mo-
ent and keep step with each other
iring the alloted time. The machine,
id consequently machine-like meth-
I, of industry is the band which
>lds them in the ranks, and disci-
ines them to march to its music.
he individual wealth production of
1 under which the worker, within
e narrow confines of tribe or corn-
unity were bound together by ties
a common interest, has been trans-
rmed into the social wealth pro-
iction of the present under which
e workers of the world are bound
gether by the ties of a common
misery. i*rotn the machine of industry they can not escape and live.
The so-called trust i» the expression of modern big industry. It is
the economical management of it upon a gigantic scale. The more highly
developed and powerful it becomes,
the greater the amount of capital ne-
necessary to its successful operation
The trust, or
capital is, therefore, the garb required
to enable the industrial machinery to
reach its highest eficiency. It is
strictly in line with the higher organization of economis forces, and
the elimination of all needless expenditure ot human energy. Uriel ly
stated, it is strictly in line with human progress.
The machine dictates to the owners
the method of production, which they
wisely obey. It likewise points out
to the workers, not what they ought
to do, but what they must do if they
are to avoid further miseries, in comparison with which those already suffered will appear like a
summer's holiday, or a pleasant
dream. The productive power of labor armed with the modern tools of
industry is many times greater than
in the days of hand tools. The benefit
accruing as a consequence of this increased efficiency of labor, goes entirely to the owners of the resources
of the earth and the tools of industry.
Such wealth as may be produced of
necessity belongs to such owners of
the means whereby it is produced. It"
could not be otherwise. The present,
or capitalist system of property converts the means of production into a
lever in the hands of the owning
class, whereby it holds the non-owners (workers) in servitude and squez-
es fabulous riches out of their toil.
Under capitalist ownership the machine acts as
A Curse Upon Labor.
The more powerful it becomes the
more emphatic the curse.
The turmoil and unrest existing in
human society today arises from the
impossibility of fitting the social machinery of production, to the common good under it's present form of
ownership. From time to time the
workers engage in acts of rebellion
against conditions forced upon them
by this form of property. Faction is
arrayed against faction, not only in
the ranks bf labor, but in the ranks
of capital, as individuals or groups
struggle for favorable position, either
around the machine, or the wealth
produced. As store houses become
gorged with products industrial depression sets in, panics and crises ensue. Goods can not be sold, because
the volume on hand is greater than
the purchasing power of the workers.
Every curtailment of production only
aggravates the situation, as the purchasing power is still further lessened
as workers are thrown out and their
wage stops. Driven in desperation
to resort to violent out-breaks, or
placing themselves in a position
where their action may be construed
as a threat, the workers are met with
the powers of repression, and clubbed
or shot Into resnectful submission. In
these and many other ways is demonstrated the impossibility of a system of social or collective industry
working in harmony with capitalist
appropriation and distribution of this
product.   If it be
Necessary for Workers
to use tools in producing the food,
clothing and other necessary things,
to keep them alive and in comfort,
it requires but the reasoning facilities
of a child to see that they must own
those tools, in order to enable them
to retain the food, etc., for their own
use. If other than the ones who perform the labor own them, they
as owners will also own and control
the products brought forth through
the operation of the tools. The character of the tools clearly determines
the form of ownership which can secure to the worker who uses them
control of the food, etc., produced by
his labor. It at the same time points
out the form of ownership that will
enable some other person or persons
to appropriate the products. If ownership be vested in he who uses the
tools and resources, he will be secured in ownership of his products,
or the products of his labor. His freedom will be assured.    If the owner-
! ship be vested, however, in another
person or persons the control of the
j products of his labor will go with
such ownership. His slavery will be
Individual, or hand tools of production demand individual ownership by the worker in order to secure
him in his freedom. Social tools of
wealth production, tools that are used
by the workers together or collectively, demand that they be likewise owned by the workers together or collectively, in order to secure to them their
As a result of their miseries the
workers   are   prone   to
Vent Their Spite
upon individuals of the master el'ass.
or its henchmen. Such proceeding
are childish in the extreme. Their
miseries come upon them as a result
of the logical working out of the present system of property, and not because of the vicious propensity of individuals. The vicious propensity is
located in capitalism itself and not
in  its beneficiaries.
To snuff the latter out whenever
fancy pleased and leave the former
untouched would in no way lessen the
misery. Capital is not a creature
of its owners. The owners of capital are its creatures, however much
of an "Irishism" this may appear to
be. The owners do not and cannot
control capital, but capital controls
them. By capital is meant the means
j of wealth production under the present or capitalist form of ownership.
. Function of Capital
is to absorb or suck up the products
of labor, and by such process grow
and develop like any other living
thing. In fulfilling its mission it
will brook no interference, at the
hands of either owners or non-
owners. Conscience, honor, sympathy, philanthropy and all of tin-
supposed virtues arc brushed aside
as mere nothings, and rebellious interference    with   its  stream  of  sus
tenance,  surplus   value  or  profit,  is
punished with the savage ferocity of
a  hungry lion in  pursuit of mutton.
Countless Brutalities
going on all oyer the civilized (?)
world are in obedience to the commands of the means of wealth production under its present garb of
capital. The clash of arms in the
orient, where Russian and Japanese
working men who have nothing
against each other, fly at each other's
throats in the glorious (?) occupation of murder; the insolent tread
of ruffians as they poke their impudent noses into the internal affairs
of inoffensive Thibet, or with their
barbarous rapidtirers mow down her
people; the swish of waters neath
the prow of slave ships carrying
their human cargoes to the compounds of South Africa; the forbidding "bull pen" of Colorado, and
the tread of uniformed cutt-hroats
as they feed it with victims; the dull,
sodden misery of the countless thousands of working people in London,
Paris, Berlin, New York, and the
other great centres of population;
the groans of anguish arising from
the outraged and exploited slave of
the factory, the mine, the railway,
the sweat shop, and other slave pens
of capitalism, proclaim that capital
rules and its commands are being
carried out to the letter.
Upon this world-wide sea of brutality, of horror and of misery, the
pulpit, the press, and the professor
look on with a complacency which
betokens  satisfaction.
If the machinery of production
and the resources of the earth, upon
which the workers depend for sustenance, are to remain as capital,
the workers must continue in a servitude the miseries of which are
continually on the increase. If the
workers would be free they must own
the means of labor, as they operate
them,  together or collectively.
If the machine does not teach this,
what does?
Now Tboy Dwell Together—SMo Lights on Family Affairs.
The wife of Bishop Potter, of New
York, is robbed of $50,000 worth of
jewellery, which goes to prove the
wisdom of the good Bishop in teaching, "Lay not up your treasures on
earth where moth and rust doth corrupt, and thieves break in and steal."
Forty-eight officials and members
of the W. F. M. have ben placed
under arrest charged with murder.
These arrests have taken place in
consequence of the explosion at Independence, Col., which resulted in
the killing of a number of non-union
The striking employees of ithe Dominion Iron and Steel Co., at
Sydney, C. B., have been treated to a
moving picture exhibition in the
shape of militia and artillery from
Halifax. They afterwards wisely departed from the company's property,
and retired to their residences.
Chas. Moyer, president of the W.
F, M., who has been held in the
"bull pen" for more than three
months without being charged with
any crime, has at last ben charged
with complicity in the killing of
McCormack and Beck, in the explosion at the Vindicator mine, Nov. 6,
1003. He is now at liberty under
?io,ooo bail.
For the purpose of extorting confessions from the innocent men,
"miners have been taken from the
bull-pens, hung by the neck until
nearly dead, suspended by the thumbs
and tortured by thumbscrews," says
William D. Haywood, secretary-
treasurer W. F. M. Gen. Bell piously
remarks: "only I and the Lord knows
what the next move will be, and the
Lord is not very sure about it."
Upon the nomination by the Republican party, of "Teddy" Roosevelt of "spiked club" and "strenuous"
I fame, as candidate for the presidency
of the U. S., F. W. Arnold, secretary
of the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers, sent the following telegram to the "strenuous" one: "A
thousand times one thousand congratulations. Labor will make it
substantially unanimous in November." 	
The sham is rapidly being stripped
from all fulsome boast of liberty and
human rights. The only right possessed by the "proletariat" is the right
to work provided it first obtains permission from those who control the
instruments of labor. The value of
such a right must be apparent, and
should be protected at all hazard.
We shudder to contemplate the
awful consequences should the work
ing "plug" be stripped of his right to
hunt for a "job." The Manufacturers' Association and the Citizens'
Alliance are doing valiant service in
securing, to at least a portion of the
working class, this right by refusing
to employ it. It can keep on hunting.
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No. 177,
W. F. M,, will hold a special meeting
on Saturday afternoon, July 9th, at 3
o'clock, for the purpose of considering the question of working Saturday
afternoons on pay days.
The blood lust of capitalism has
been exemplified in the two-days'
work of a Dutch expedition into the
northern part of the island of Sumatra recently. Four hundred and one
men, four hundred and sixty-seven
women and two hundred and eighteen children were butchered, one hundred and three were wounded and
forty-five captured. The loss to the
Dutch forces was three officers, thirty-
five soldiers and six coolies.
Even the daily press mentions this
as a "butchery," a "slaughter of
women and children,", a killing of
"innocents." Our expedition to
Thibet should not be classed in the
same category, however, as it is
merely a peaceful one. A sort of
friendly visit, as it were.
Messrs. Buscontbe and Garrett having resigned from the Vancouver
police commission, in consequence of
their attempt to increase the pay of
the force being turned down by the
government at Victoria, has thrown
the "Province" into a conniption tit.
That worthy sheet is exceedingly
wroth because an increase of pay has
been denied to what it evidently considers a part of the working class. As
the Province is a C. P. R. organ, and
that company's propensity to look
kindly upon the demands of labor
being well known, the tender solicitude of this paper will be readily
We fully appreciate the arduous
duties devolving upon policemen and
detectives. To be continually "moving on" unoffending citizens, and
once a week or such a matter arresting a harmless drunk is certainly no
light employment. To detect and
bring to account those who have no
visible means of support, commonly
known as "vags," without making the
mistake of getting hold of any West
Enders, is even more arduous. As
the pay of policemen and detectives,
however, is fully double the average
yearly earnings of the working men
hereabouts, it seems as though they
might squeeze through.
The complaint put up by the Province much resembles a very large
"tempest"  in a very small "teapot."
At Various Events Both Social and Industrial Reported Darlna tbe
Past Week.
Dominion Day Celebrated—Political Exiles and the Czar—
Sydney Strikers and the Militia—Rossland
Miners Union in Trouble.
Dominion Day has been again celebrated in Vancouver. Released for
the short space of a day from the
ordinary strenuous grind, the Vancou-
verite and others from adjacent places
gathered early upon the city's streets
for the purpose of viewing the parade
which is usually the chief feature of
public holidays. The parade took
place, and of what did it consist? Was
there anything in. connection with it
breathing of peace, progress or liberty? Anything referring to or calling to mind the grand achievements
of mankind in its long and wearisome
journey towards higher and better
things? Aught to indicate the solidarity of the race, that brotherhood of
man of which the sage has taught
and the poet sung through all the
ages? Most emphatically, No! That
which would in any manner tend to
give expression the higher, the nobler
aspirations of the race, was conspicuous only by its absence. The
parade consited solely of a display of
the power of repression. Bedecked
in the gaudy splendor of military
trappings, with the death-dealing rifle
upon their shoulders, and the murderous knife at their belts, shallow pated,
beardless youths, scarce past the age
when their mothers washed their
faces and tucked them in bed, marched
proudly to the strains of martial
music, music which inspires men to
kill and destroy. Sinister looking
cannon were dragged along at the
hands of men, like mules in harness.
The sheen of weapon, the measured
tread of the men, and the dull rumble
of cannon wheel, gave forth a muttered threat like the growl of a savage
beast at scent of danger. That the
crowd lining the street upon either
side instinctively realized the sinister
meaning of this display of barbaric
force was made manifest by its standing silent and motionless while the
disgusting display was passing. Were
the shades of the murdered victims of
the Paris Commune of 1871, of Homestead, of Hazleton, of Chicago, of
Buffalo, of Coeur d' Alene, of Colo'-
rade, hovering over the scene?
Those cunning cannon and cute
little rifles on display in Vancouver
on Dominion Day were no doubt very
pretty to look at. That would largely
depend, however, upon one's viewpoint. The bad, very bad, strikers at
Sydney, C. B., will now have an
opportunity to judge how such things
look from the muzzle end. These bad,
bad men have actually armed themselves with sticks and stones, with, no
doubt, murderous intent, and the
good, good capitalists have called for
argument to be used in convincing the
bad, bad strikers of the error of their
ways. The government has forwarded the argument in'the shape of a
company of artillery, and one of the
"Highlanders," armed with "cunning
cannon and cute little rifles," just like
those dragged under the noses of
Vancouverltes on Dominion Day.
Just what impressions the strikers
may get from the muzzle end viewpoint remains to be seen. It strikes
us that the cannon, sword and bayonet furnish the means whereby capitalists "read their title clear," not to
"mansions in the skies" where they
might dwell in unending bliss
throughout eternity, but to factories,
mines, railways, etc., here on earth,
so that they may be able to sponge a
luxurious living out of the working
class, during that portion of eternity
spent on this side of the great divide.
The Czar of Russia has made an
offer to the Siberian political exiles,
to grant them pardon if they will but
go to the front and fight in the war
with Japan. To this offer reply has
been made by the exiles in a document expressing the most scornful
defiance and contempt for both the
Czar and his government. To this
wa* boldly affixed the signatures of
the exiles. These men have been exiled for active participation ia the
movement of the world's proletariat
looking to its emancipation.
What they suffer and endure in thus
being exiled from family, friend and
native land, can scarce be imagined.
Some faint realization may be arrived
at by those who have read of the
horrors of Siberian exile. The
strength of "moral fibre" and the un
daunted courage of these men in hurling defiance at the brutal ruling class
of Russia and its contemptible tool,
the Czar, by spurning the impudent
offer of pardon as the price of service in furthering additional infamies
at the hands and in the interest of
capitalism and its robber class, marks
tliem as men of the highest type, a
type that only a cause of noble aims
and lofty ideals can bring forth.
The working class is the only useful class in human society. It is,
therefore, the only class that can
make for the uplifting of humanity
to higher planes of civilization. It
alone can develop honor, courage and
manhood. Awakened to a consciousness of the iniquities practised upon
it. and quickened by the revolutionary impulse, this useful class, this
working class, develops the highest
types of courageous manhood.
May the day speedily dawn when
these exiles of Siberia, these comrades
of ours, may return to their native
land, to find the present brutal class
rule, with its barbaric equipment of
cannon, bayonet and sword, and the
murderers and cutthroats who wield
them, relegated to the lumber room of
oglivion where all such infamies and
trappings properly belong. May they
find the red flag of human brotherhood floating over a people no longer
armed with instruments of murder,
but with the implements of peaceful
Capital is leaving no stone unturned
to give to the working people a thorough instruction as to the absolute
futility of all attempts to "better conditions" under the wage system. The
Rossland Miners' Union, W. F ,M.,
is now being called upon through the
courts to make good the losses surfer-
ed by the mine owners at that place
in consequence of the strike of iooi.
Viewed from the standpoint of capitalist law there is no logical reason
why the union should not be forced
to pay. The wage system must be
accepted with all of its consequences
or not at all. As the workers have as
yet not repudiated the wage system
they must abide by it no matter how
distasteful the consequences.
There is a line of action which can
be followed without danger and which
leads to the freedom of labor if the
workers can get sense enough in their
heads to see it. It does not lie, however, in the direction of patching the
system in the hope of making it more
tolerable, but in overthrowing it. The
task of teaching the workers the correct line of action is a difficult one.
The Socialist might well despair of
his efforts as teacher ever meeting
with success, were it not for the invaluable assistance rendered by the
capitalists through the legislative,
judicial and executive functions of
The Indian fishermen on the Skeena
recently went on strike as the can-
ners refused to pay the price demanded. There being some Japanese fishermen among them who also struck
as a result of the influence brought to
bear upon them by the Indians, the
good canncrs proceeded to play the
usual game of "battledoor and shuttlecock" by playing one bunch of
workers against another. They at
once got busy "working on the feelings" of the Japs by reminding them
of the fact that in the strike of 1899
the Siwashes went back on the Japs,
left them in the lurch and caused
them to lose a week's fishing." This
freshening up of the memory of the
Japs seemed likely to bear good fruit
at the time the last report came down.
Tinhorn labor skinners in trying to
ape their superiors often make a
mess of it that brings disgrace upon
the profession. Up-to-date skinners
would not violate the ethics of the
profession by publishing, or 'allowing it to be published that the game
was to be played. This Port Essing-
ton bunch of tinhorns let the cat out
of the bag by means of about half a
column in the daily press which is
altogether too clumsy to allow to go
ttnrcbuked. Upon behalf of the noble
art of labor skinning we insist that
the time honored secrets of the trade
be not given away. Play "battledoor
and shuttlecock" with the workers,
but do not tell about it. They might
get onto it and not be so easy.
 ^—*.■*■&.!« I
- 1
lis Western Clarion
Published every Saturday morning,
in the interests of the Working Class
alone, by The Western Socialist Publishing Co., Limited, at the office of
the Universal Printing Trust, Flack
Block basement, 165 Hastings Street,
Vancouver,   B.  C.
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Vancouver, B. C, Jui.v  9, 1904.
The revolutionary Socialist is continually meeting with people who acknowledge his ultimate aim, the abolition of the  wage  system,  to be  all
right,  but  because  in 'his    program
there are no provisions for the cvct
present right now, set him down as
an  impractical    dreamer,  a   Utopian.
The devotee of "something now" is
by no means at sea as to the need of
it, but he signally fails to explain how
any  or all  of  his pet  panaceas can
bring   any    "something   now"    that
would be in the nature of a relief to
the  victims  of  the  present    system.
What has he to offer or suggest, that
could or would tend to break down or
seriously interfere with the iron law
of wages? Does he suggest any measure that would make it easy or possible to lit a large number of wage-
earners into a limited number of jobs?
Can  he   offer    anything   that   would
check the concentration of capital, or,
in  any  manner  lessen  its  power  to
exploit labor?   Could he do any or all
of   these   things,   would   it   tend   to
hasten the day of arriving at that ultimate of which he approves, the abolition of the wage system?
The iron law of wages might perhaps better be termed the iron law of
market, because it applies equally to
all commodities.   No combination of
men has yet been found   sufficiently
powerful to do more than temporarily
disturb its  workings.    An  individual
or a combination   has    succeeded at
times in cornering some certain commodity, that is getting control of the
visible supply of it, and temporarily
forcing  the  price  upward,  but   their
control of the situation could be held
but a few days at the most, and prices
would  fall   to  their proper  level,  as
determined by the conditions of Bhe
market. Eyeli the much abused monopolist,   with   his   supposed     arbitrary
powers,  does   not  attempt,   if  he  be
wise, to run  counter to  the  inexorable  though   unwritten    laws  of  the
market.   He makes no attempt to fix
prices arbitrarily, but keeping   close
watch  of all  market    indications,  is
enabled to interpret the correct price
as  determined   by  the  conditions  of
the market.    If the demand presents
a steady even flow the price requires
no change.    If the demand shows a
marked    increase  it is an  indication
that the price is too low, and should
be advanced.   If the demand falls off
the price  is  loo high    and  must be
dropped.    Thus   far  our  "something
now" reformer, it would be a sin to
call him revolutionist, offers nothing
that could in any manner alter this
iron law of the market.   Until something is offered it is useless to waste
time over the matter. «
As  to fitting a large  number  of
workers into a  limited    number of
jobs   our   "something   now"   friend
would doubtless suggest that jobs be
provided    by    inaugurating      public
works.      With    government  in   the
hands of the class in whose interest
it is that there should be a constant
surplus of labor in the market, it is
ridiculous to expect government to
"be used as a means of reducing such
surplus.   To provide work upon nonproductive public works, would mean
increased taxation upon capitalist property, and  upon    productive    public
works a still further glutting of the
market with products, and a consequent injury to capitalist production
and exchange.    In order to provide
for the   employment of the surplus
labor in tbe market on public works
it. therefore, becomes necessary that
the workers obtain possession of government. That being the first step
necessary, what folly to use those
powers once gained, for any purpose
short of tlie abolition of the wage
Could anything be done to check
the concentration of capital, or lessen
its power to exploit, it goes without
saying that it would not tend to
hasten the abolition of the wage
system, but on the contrary to prolong its life. The reign of capitai is
supreme. It will brook no interference, and tolerate no meddling. It
demonstrates its right to live by its
power to overcome all obstacles.
"Something now" reformers who
expect, while capital still holds the
reins of power, by meddlesome interference, to exact concessions that will
materially better the conditions of
the workers are the most impracticable of dreamers. They are pure and
unadulterated Utopians, dreaming of
things impossible of attainment.
Upon the contrary the revolutionist
is the most practical and matter-of-
fact of men. He arrives, after a careful examination of the present system,
at the indisputable conclusion that it
can not be reformed, and efforts in
that line are but time wasted. Being
most practical and matter-of-fact, he
realizes that the hardships experienced by the workers under the capitalist system are inevitable. They
come, not because of the vicious tendency of individuals, but because of
a certain relation between capitalist
and wage earner which springs from
the peculiar nature of capitalist property. The relation is that of master
and slave. "Something now" programed and reformers do not and
cannot destroy this peculiar form of
property. In fact, Phey in no wise
threaten it. As they do not attack
the present system of property, the
relation existing between capitalist
and wage earner is in no manner
threatened. The incorporation of
even the petty reforms or palliatives
suggested by many into practice involves as a first step the capture of
the reins of power. As there is nothing in such palliatives to appeal to
the material interests of the wage
workers, it is foolish to expect to win
their support. The'"something now"
to be obtained by our Utopians, the
workers are getting with a vengeance
all over the world. It is not necessary for workers to fight for it. They
will get it anyhow so long as the
wage  system  remains  unbroken.
The "something now" really needed
by the workers is the knowledge that
the present system cannot be reformed to do them any good, and that the
first step in the way of bringing
relief to them consist in capturing the
reins of power, government, so that it
may be used to destroy the wage
They who expect to reform or
patch the present system into a more
kindly treatment of its exploited class
are *• the wildest of dreamers, and
should rise up in protest against any
other being termed Utopians. All
signs point to a rude shattering of
their Utopian dreams in the near
A new slogan has been coined for
the hosts of Labor. The coiner is no
less a personage than Samuel Gom-
pers. The mighty Samuel has presided over the destinies of the American Federation of Labor for lo, these
many years, in fact, so long that it
has become a habit of his. In coining
a new slogan for the hosts of labor
Samuel is by no means venturing
upon forbidden ground. As a coiner
of good things he is as much at home
as when presiding over good things.
In the Federationist for July,
Samuel valiantly proclaims, from the
house tops, as it were, the new rallying cry. Samuel would not let a good
chance to fulminate slip by unobserved, so he gives the Federatiorrist's
horn a gentle toot by pointing out the
fact that the per capita tax receipts
increased from $51,000 during a certain six months during 1003, to over
$72,000 during the corresponding six
months of the present year. This we
arc told is an evidence of the growing power of the Federation "in spite
of the newly manifested bitter antagonism of the worst elements of the
capitalist class against the trade union
Having in this self-satisfying
manner shown the growing per capita
paying power of the Federation under
the guidance of the Gomperian
wisdom, he proceeds to blow such
blast of his own horn as to knock
into smithereens any Jericho-like
walls of doubt that might exist as to
the magnitude of importance attached
to the Gompers personality. To use
Samuel's own words: "During a menacing period to labor wc took occasion to sound the tocsin of labor's
duty to itself and the world of humanity. Wc can pen no words now more
convincing or encouraging than those
at  that period."
It is no slouch of a sounder who
can "sound the tocsin of labor's duty
to labor itself," but when such ability
is coupled with that rare modesty
that prompts the sounder to blow his
own horn it forms a combination of
doubtful value. Should the sounder
blow his own horn a trifle too loud
the tocsin might not' be heard.
Just what the sounding of that
"tocsin" consisted is not at present
brought to mind. This is, however, a
minor matter, alongside of the fact
that it was sounded. There lies the
chief value of this or any other
But on to the new slogan. "The
most benighted of greedy monopolists, rapacious capitalists, see in the
trade union movement the opening of
a new era for labor. They oppose it
by the blacklist, the lockout and provocation to disorder and strike." But,
says Samuel, "Grit your teeth and
"Judges issue injunctions, misconstrue the law in the hope of crushing
labor," but Samuel says: "Grit your
teeth and organize."
Though rights are invaded, free
assemblage and speech prohibited, and
you are met by bullets on the highway, the valiant Samuel says: "Grit
your teeth and organize."
After a jumbled mutter about "ingenuity of man," the "world's wealth,"
"pauperized labor," "detriment of the
masses," "union frowned down," and
so on, Samuel again says: "Grit your
teeth and organize."
More buncombe about "forging
ahead," "a larger share," "shorter
hours," and a solemn warning not to
"leave the substance to grasp at the
shadow," and once more Samuel says:
"Grit your teeth and organize."
With a flourish of words, meaningless ones at that, about > "better
wages." "less hours," "labor's rights,"
"obliterate injustice," "disenthraj-
ment of man," "freedom," "the dawn
of labor's emancipation will be so
much nearer every time," the doughty
Samuel drives the nail home and
clinches it fast, by again hurling forth
the slogan: "Grit your teeth and organize."
Just what the purpose of organizing
is to be is not made clear. Is it for
the purpose of continuing the present
goodly stream of per capita, or maybe
increasing it, thus insuring to the
Samuel shins the continual resting
neath the mahogany of the late
lamented Hanna's Civic Federation,
upon frequent occasion?
With the new slogan the tread of
the clans of labor will no longer be
heard from a thousand hills, but their
coming will be announced by the gritting of teeth. The weird uncanny
sound of millions gritting their teeth
in concert will be sufficient to strike
terror to the hearts of bad capitalists.
When once they discover this gritting
of teeth to be but the prelude to or-
ganizaion they may reasonably expect to drop dead in    their    tracks.
Hurrah for the amalgamated association of teeth gritters. Let all working men jion it and standing together
jaw to jaw grit it out on Samuel's
line if it takes forty summers. If
we keep on winning victories as we
have been doing in the past, the time
is not far distant when we will have
nothing between our teeth to interfere
with  our trade as "gritters."
_ -, SocinVst
slioiild run" a crrd under llii* head,
nionlli.     Secretaries please note,
$1.00  per
Socialist Party of British Columbia.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Provincial executive committee: A.
R. Stebbings, John Dnbberly, L. T.
English, R. P. Pettipiece, E. T.
Kingsley, Vancouver; O. Lee Charlton, Victoria; E. S. Embree, Greenwood. Ernest Burns, treasurer; B.
Merrill-Burns, secretary, Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vancouver, S. P. of B. C, No. 1.
Business meetings every Wednesday evening at 8 p. m. at headquarters, Ingleside Block (room I, 2nd
floor) 313 Cambie street. Educational meetings every Sunday evening in Oddfellows' hall (3rd floor),
Sullivan block, Cordova street.
Secretary: O. P. Mills, box 836,
will be the transference of the means
of production from private control to
the control of the whole people in
their collective capacity. .Many of us
have already given too much attention to our material interests, if the
term be understood in a narrow, selfish, individual way. How should our
sympathies be broadened? What can
we do to advance the material interests of others? Look out for No. 1?
Well, -that is undoubtedly the starting point, paradoxical as the statement may appear. Taking this as a
neucleus or centre, the next idea is to
enlarge the circle. Where will be
found suitable material tor this enlargement, lit will' undoubtedly be
found among those whose views and
interests are most nearly allied to
our own. Many church people expect
the Kingdom of God, the Millenium,
to descend some day from the clouds.
Will Socialism descend from the
clouds, or will it come when we make
it come? Undoubtedly when we make
it come, and we must be different
people in heart and (feed in order to
become real Socialists. It may be
that the change is even now going silently forward, and that we may some
day be found shaking ourselves, and
looking around, be able to realize that
the happy days of universal co-operation and brotherhood have at last arrived. But the scourging and chastisement, the conflict and disaster
will no doubt first arrive, and some
of  these, at  least, are  already  upon
Hall's Prairie, B. C.
ported in the American Review ol
Reviews for May, entitled "The Secret of Human Happiness," Mr. No-
vikoff (presumably an eminent pliil-
.tions in the Nouvelle Revuoi "Tliwt
■osopher), makes the following assert
the object of Socialism,—namely, to
give to each inhabitant of each planet
an existence worthy of man— is the
beginning and the ending of all political wisdom, while the means proposed
—namely, collectivism,—is pure madness."
It is a matter of common observation and almost universally admitted.
that the wisest men in the world have
sometimes given utterance to the fool-
ishiest things that have ever been uttered. We take the latter part of the
quotation We have made to be such
a statement as we have described.
We believe that M, Novikoff's conception of the term collectivism is. lb
say the least, fantastic. We will not
say that his conception is entirely unusual but will endeavor to show that
it is an erroneous conception. As an
example of what we consider collectivism, in actual, present-day operation, we will take, in a free country,
what is generally known as civil government. We contend that, in such •'
country, an overwhelming majority of
the population collectively work together in upholding and operating.
not only the peculiar institutions ol
their respective governments, but, in
a general way, government itself, We
freely admit the existence of a small
minority who are neither interested
nor concerned, either in government
itself or in any of its peculiar institutions, or who may even be their
latent or avowed enemies. And we
must also take into account the considerable numbers of true reformers,
notably Socialists, who yield a loyal
obedience to our present system of
jurisprudence and recognized equities, but nevertheless demand, and
earnestly contend for radical and even
revolution:,iy changes in both of
these latter.
And there is no reasonable doubt
th?t, whenever what i's generally
known as Socialism is attempted to
be put in actual operation, there will
be found a considerable number of J
people submitting •insilenee while attempts and  experiments,  which  they
consider useless, or even  pernicious,,     T.      D ,     .   ...       ,   ., .        ...
,   • , , ,       I he   Rossland   Miners    Luton.   W.
are being put to the actua   test audi ,7   ,f    ■    ,   • f"   ....      fr,
Zr.ii  -r ....,  j  ,    . ..! r.   -".,  is  being sued  by  the   Mine-
owners for damages   resulting   from
mJ^, iivtJT Labor L _
vitefi tn place a card under nils head,   fi.oo per
month.     Secretaries please note.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
Meets first and third Thursdays in
each month, at 7.30 p. m. President,
Geo. Dobbin; vice-president, Win,
George; secretary, C. T. Hilton;
financial secretary, J. L. Lilley;
treasurer, A. N. Harrington; sergeant-at-arms, J. C. Kerr; statistician, E. L. Betiford; trustees,
Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thompson; executive committee, Messrs.
George and Gothard.
Vancouver Typographical Union, No.
226. Meets the 4th Monday in each
month at Union hall. President,
Ralph Wilson; vice-president, H.
Hubbard; secretary, W. ,H. Hunt,
P. O. Box 66; treasurer, John Wat-
kins; sergeant-at-arms, Jas. Webster; executive committee, A.
Pelky, W. Pound, C. Grassie, W.
Brand; delegates to Trades and
Labor Council, R. P. Pettipiece, W.
F. Farrow, George Bartley, George
Brotherhood of Painters and Decorators.. Local Union No. 138. Meets
second and fourth Thursdays in
Labor hall. President, E. Holland;
vice-president, S. Foster; recording secretary, E. Crush, 767 Eighth
avenue, west; financial secretary,
A. Gothard, 821 Howe street; treasurer, H.  McSorley.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners.. Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday in Union
hall. Room 2. President, Lttmner
O'Brien; recording secretary, Urban
Chaplin, 2820 Manitoba street
Delegates to Building Trades Council: P. McMurdo, and Taylor,
alternate, Greenwell and Rafner.
Delegates to T. & L. Council: G.
D. Dobbin, J. McLaren, L. C.
DeWolfe, G. F. Adams and A. E.
Greenwood   Miners'   Union, No. as,
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening in Union hall. J. R. Ritchie,
president; Ernest Mills, secretary-
Phoenix Trades and Labor   Council.
Meets every alternate Monday.
John Riordan, president; Edward
Brown, vice-president; P. H. La-
casse sergeant-at-arms; W. H. Bambury, secretary-treasurer, P. O. Box
198, Phoenix, B. C.
To the Editor of the Clarion:
I have been very much pleased with
what I have seen of your resurrected
paper, The Clarion. The man who
does clear thinking is certainly on
the road to right thinking, or rather
to right conclusions. 1 am not sure
that I agree with everything you have
said in the editions I have seen, although I am not at present aware of
any divergence of opinion.
I would like, on my own initiative,
to introduce a matter which in some
ways may be considered as somewhat
new. And, in doing so, I might intimate that I will be entirely complaisant even if my statement or communication should be torn in pieces,
trampled under foot, or thrown entirely out of the arena by the editor himself or by any of his correspondents.
After the manner of the preachers,
I will now announce my text.   As re
trial of actual demonstration. And it
se^ms evident enough that, under any
conceivable system whatever, the >en»
sualisf will always need restraint, and
the lazy and shiftless a certain amount of coercion. It may well be that,
under favorable conditions, the numbers found in either of these classes
might be relatively very small. The
great captains of industry and leaders
of finance would give comparatively
little trouble. Power is the great
desideratum with these men. and
many of them no doubt would be assigned to lofty and responsible positions. It sems tolerably evident that
a complete system of co-operation
or collectivism, in order to be successful, would imperatively demand
the hearty co-operation of an overwhelming majority of the whole population.
We might be accused of giving utterance to a mere paradox, if we said
that co-operation was always successful, but let us consider whether
this is not actually the case. There
is a very old and homely, but repeatedly proven assertion that two heads
are better than one. . Arithmetic
and common sense leach us that
three heads are better than two, But
many co-operative associations have
failed. This proves merely that some,
perhaps a majority, of the members
of such associations did not co-operate. If a majority of the members
did not co-operate these asociations
were not co-operative in spite of their
This brings us to the last matter
upon which we shall louch in this
article. We are not aware that a majority of the people in this or in any
other country are, as yet, ready or
willing to co-operate for the benefit
of the whole people of even that particular country. Complete forms of
national, and more especially of international co-operation, collectivism,
and communism are therefore for the
present, practical impossibilities.
Communistic societies have been, for
the most part, failures. What have
been the exceptions. We believe
they have been those in which the
membership has been carefully selected, where it has been animated
by a high moral purpose, or where the
society has been exposed to persecution from without. Wopld a society
that was partly communistic and partly individualistic be a success? Our
answer is that all our churches and
all our fraternal societies are conducted to a small extent at least, on the
communistic principle. Wc go further, and assert that this is the most
powerful factor or principle they pos
sess. The world is beginning to de
mand of Socialists what it has always
demanded of the churches, that they
should practice what they preach. We
are well aware that we are here antagonizing the views and feelings df
those Socialists who claim, that the
most important, the all important,
fact in the inauguration of Socialism,
the strike of 1001. Eighty men
struck on the construction work of
the C. P. R. hotel at Winnipeg. The
strike lasted half an hour, it requiring that amount of time to fill he
strikers' places. Prior lo the strike
the men were being paid 15 cents per
hour. The strikers are now at liberty
to invest their ill-gotten gains in looking for another job. They cviedntly
could  not  stand  prosperity.
Jim Hill, of the G. N. Ry., is said
to be in eastern Canada engaged in
catching fish. As he has been fishing
all of his life, and like the successful
"captain of industry" has succeeded in
catching a fine string of "suckers,"
this would seem in no way remarkable.
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. I,
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Miners'
hall. Writ. Barnett, president; John j
Riordan,  secretary.
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No. 177, W.
F. M.    meets every third Saturday,
from July 2.   Alfred Andrews, president; Jonathan    Isherwood, P. O. |
Box  259,  Nanaimo,   B.  C,  recording  secretary.
The Sett In the World
Mail us 15 Royal Crown Soap Wrappers, and in return we will mail a Beautiful picture, size 16x20; or for 25 wrappers your choice of over 100 books. Drop
us a post card asking for a catalogue of
premiums to be had FREE for Royal
Crown Soap Wrappers.   Address:
Every   phase   of   the   Typographic   Art  is
known and practiced in the  job department.
Tie Western Clarion
The Only   Labor Paper in British Columbia
In 131 Visenver, I. C.
United Hatters of North America
.When you are buying a FUR HAT see to it
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed in it. If
a retailer has loose labels in his possession and
offers to put one in a hat for you, do not patronize him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits. The genuine Union Label is perforated
on four edges, exactly the same as a postage
stamp. Counterfeits are sometimes perforated on
three of the edges and sometimes only on two.
Keep a sharp lookout for the counterfeits. The
John B. Stetson Co., of Philadelphia, Pa., is a nonunion concern.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, President, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN   LAWLOR Secretary, n Waverly Place
New York.
mtoAm'mmii'-'t'F'i+'Wit [!]mmi»m*#-it"M*mm
Sodajisy^yjtf B. C.
From Executive Headquarters
.Provincial executive meeting met at
ocal Headquarters on Tuesday even*
iig, June  5th.   1004.    Present, J.  E.
)ubberly, E. T, Kingsley, L. T. Eng-
i-h, F.. Burns, and the Secretary, E.
Hums in the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
ind approved. Correspondence was
feceived from Grand Forks, Phoe-
li.x and Com. Hawthornthwaite, Na-
laimo. Reports from Victoria, Phoe-
ijx and Vancouver, that of Local
Phoenix having a most encouraging
trowth in membership during the
iasl few months.
Com.      Hawthornthwaite's      letter
yas  taken  up  for  discussion,  clause
(v clause,  with  the  folowing result:
Moved by E, T. Kingsley, second-
I   by J. F. Dnbberly:    Resolved, That
be the sense of this committee that
I   all cases where the assistance  of
elected  members  be  solicited  to
in      securing       to       private
lersons patronage ait the
lands     Of     the       government     that
Inch aid be refused upon the ground
[hat such members have no influence
ir do they wish to acquire any in-
Ihience, except  such as may be obtained upon the floor of the legisla-
Bve chamber, and used openly.-' Car-
Moved by J.  E.  Dnbberly, second-
I by the Secretary:   "That, pending
further comunication from Nanaimo
ocal,  which  is announced  as being
In the way, the matter of members of
Die Socialist party accepting employment   under   a   capitalist   government
1 left  in  abeyance  for  one  week."
Moved by E. T. Kingsley, second-
1  by J.   E.   Dnbberly:      "Resolved,
hat it be the sense of this commit-
lee that our elected members should
|eccive  and   use  passes   tendered  by
ransportation companies, and should
lublish jn the columns of the Wcst-
Irn Clarion the announcement of such
Acceptance   and   intention     to    use."
parried. , ii
Chairman  Burns  wished  to be  re-
irded as being opposed to the adop-
|ion of this resolution.
Moved by L. T. English, seconded
ty the secretary, that Local Vancouver be requested to appoint two of
ts members to audit the books of the
Provincial  Executive   Committee  for
the half year ending June 30th. Carried.
The Treasurer reported $7.50 receipts since last meeting, and $4.50
expenditure for printing.
M.  B.  BURNS, Secretary.
^ Whereas the constitution of the B,
C. S. P. provides for the holding of
an annual convention between August 15th and October 15th (Sec. Art.
V., Sec. i),Locals are hereby requist-
ed to plac« in nomination the town
or city favored as the location of
said convention. It will also be in
order to make suggestions as to the
date of convention.
lt should be remembered that the
conventions of the party have hitherto all been held at the coast; that the
cost of travelling over our country
of "magnificent distances" is pratical-
ly prohibitory to the unmonied Socialist; that the convention should be
made as fairly representative as possible; and the nominations made with
a view to meeting and squaring this
triangle   of  condition.
The following form may be used
as nomination paper. Seiid them in
as soon as possible in order that the
ballots for the general vote may be
distributed  without  delay.
Local No  S. P B. C.
nominates the city of for
place   of  annual   Provincial   Convention.
Nominations  close   Aug.   1st,   1904.
A smalk'r attendance has been the
rule this month, owing no doubt to
Ihe warmer weather and the opening
of the picnic season; our best meeting having been that of the 19th, addressed by Com. Titus of Seattle.
However, quite a number of hearers
have been in attendance who were not
in the habit of attending our meetings
in the old hall, and have been much
enlightened in regard to Socialism.
Attendance of active members at
business meetings has been fair. Amount of literature sold during the
month $5.50, of a varied character.
C. C. Williams, Sec. Local No. 2,
"Are pleased to say the people have
been stirred up a little lately through
Com. Osborne's meetings. We are
selling a few small pamphlets at our
meetings now and a great interest
appears to be taken in the speeches."
J. W. Dykes, Sec. Local No. 3. Nanaimo.
Com. Bake' reports from "this hell
of capitalism,"' as he names the city
of New York, and says: "Have been
to the Comrade and Worker office
and had a long talk with both Wag-
ener and Algernon Lee, and was
pleased to see that both of them held
my views on the union question. Let-
was most emphatic in his criticism of
those who seek to drive all union
sympathizers out  ol the party.    *    *
* * 1 am to see Ben Hanford tomorrow   if   1   have   time.   *    *    *    *
"Greater interest is now being taken all the time in Socialism: In Phoenix at all events as the growth of our
Local wil show." W. II. Banbury,
Sec. Local  No 8.
"Com. Williams and self are now-
working on report of legislation last
session and hope to have it in this
week." J. H. Hawthornthwaite. M.
L. A.. Nanaimo,
How many locals have ordered a
bundle of Clarions to sell at street
meetings,  etc?
The Secretary and Treasurer spent
Sunday and .Monday with the Socialists of Whatcom county. Wash. They
attended the county convention and
annual picnic at Lynden and had an
all-round good time, The convention nominated a full county ticket
with the exception of Superior Judge
and Prosecuting Attorney, there being no qualified members of the S. P.
to fill these offices. Chas. E. Cline.
of Lynden, who will speak at our
Local propaganda meeting on July
24th. is the nominee for senator of
the district.
About five hundred people gathered
at the camp grounds on Sunday to
listen to the blind orator, J. B. Osborne, who unfortunately was ill and
unable to speak. Mrs. Osborne gave
a little 'talk." which with local speakers, kept the crowd interested until
"milking   time."
On Monday the asemblage was not
so large owing to the counter fourth
of July celebration in the town.
About two hundred persons listened
to addresses by Comrades Osborne,
Titus and Burns after the business of
the convention was over.
There is a prophet in Lynden,
Wash., who ought to be honored of
the Socialists, even in his own country. A life-long Democrat, he has
grown disgusted with the methods
of the party he has been tied to so
long, and expressing to an old neighbor   the   conviction   that   one   party
was as deep in the mud of corruption as the others he avowed his determination henceforth to vote the
straight prohibition  ticket.
"Why not vote the Socialist ticket?"
he was asked.
"Oh, them Socialists! Why, do you
know; if we once voted them fellows
into power we'd never get 'em out."
So mote it be.
A young old man of Lynden.
Wash, aged 81, is a recent convert to
Socialism, He joined the party on
convention day, and paid a year's
dues in advance. There's an example
worthy to being followed by every
Socialist in li. C.
The following notice was posted up
at Lynden, Wash., recently: Lost.
Strayed or Stolen.—Left her home
about the time of the Colorado
trouble, my oldest daughter, the
Goddess of Liberty. Has not been
seen since. Is supposed to have taken
refuge in the Socialist camp. Any information of her whereabouts will be
thankfully received by her grief-
stricken parent.        UNCLE SAM.
lt has since been learned that she
was chased into the Bull Pen by Gen.
Bell, and is now beyond the reach of
"habeas corpus."
The Clarion wants 50 men in B. C.
to pledge themselves to a "Clarion
Fund" of $1.00 per month to meet
deficits for the next three months.
Who's to be the first?
The amounts received from shareholders, borrowers and proceeds of
the sale of debentures in the month
of June made up a total income of
$95,210.19 for the British Columbia
Permanent Loan and Savings Company. The average for the
past six months was $91,617.99 per
month, as against $53,972-78 average
monthly income for the first half of
the year 1903, thus showing an increase of over thirty-seven thousand
dollars per month for the first half
of this year over the same period of
last year.
WANTED—Special Representative in
this and adjoining territories, t» represent and advertise an old established
business hogse of solid financial standing. Salary $21 with expenses advanced each Monday by check direct
from headquarters. Expenses advanced; position permanent. We furnish
everything. Address The Columbia,
630 Monon Bldg., Chicago, 111.
~   Our Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
^ Grocery Store *r
Cor. Yates ABroad St.
Victoria Steam Laundry
IS: Yatu St.
Telephone 172
For Poultry, Game, Fruit, Kish, Vegetables, etc.
Our Specialty—White Man's Vegetables
All Ibe News of All the World for All tbe
People all the Time.
Vic'oiia General Agent tor The
Also bandies 'Friteo Sunday Call and N. Y.
Sunday * orld.   Prompt and regular dally delivery service to subscribers. Leave word with
any news dealer.
P. I. Bsx 444 VICTORIA, B. C.
3. s and 7 STORE STREET
Importers and Dealers In
Nam, Bacon, Batter, £§gs, Vegetables
TfJtphMS I9C        VICTMIA, 8. C.
Mail  Orders    Promptly   Attended  To.
New and Stylish Millinery
Up-ti-date Fancy Dry Gatds
Japanese Curios and Silk Goods
« >   90 Douglas 8t. Victoria, B. C
Branch Store', 1,",J Govt. St.
Appreciate the Benefits of
Tomato Brackr
Clam Cocktaiis
K. P. C. Wink
COMRADES, strike at the Ballot Box
on Election Day, and be sure to
strike the
Rock  Bay Hotel
When in Victoria
ARNASON BROS., Proprietors
MiMilacturer of
No 8 Cestre St.
71 Government Street, Victoria, 8. C.
Are You a Working Man
Are vou needing »nyth'n< in Clothing
or Men's Furnishings, lluis Caps, Over'
alls, etc    Itso.se*
37 Johnson St.,
Victoria, B. C.
MeCandless Bros.
Colonial Bakery
29 Johnson St., Victoria, B. C.
Delitered to any part of the city.   Ask Driver
to call.   'PHONE 8«l
Patronize   Clarion   Advertisers
» i
That giving yoor girl or boy a business education is better than a life insurance, and what is more, it is cheaper. A course does »ot cost much. A
course is based on a cash basis, but you can make arrangements with us to pay it in instalments, if it is more fconvenient to you. What we want is to
train yoor girl or boy and put her or him in a business office. In another place in this advertisement you willffind a list of firms whom we have supplied with
stenographers during May, and May is not a good month either. All these young people are on full salaries. Our young people do not need to work for
"experience." After we have placed your daughter or son in a business office, they would be able to shift for themselves. They have then climbed the first
rung of the ladder. There is always room on top, especially in business; it rests with them, with their own ambition, how high they want to go. It is with
them only a matter of will. It does not require genius to be a good business man or a good business woman, it requires application. It does not require even
a university or high-school education. Those young people who leave the public school and go through a business college and enter a business office at an early
age are more successful than those with a university training.       If   your   son   or daughter is now in the ofth reader, they are far enough fcj advanced.       We have to
teach them anyway, business arithmetic, business penmanship and business correspondence, in short we have to
teach them to use what they learned at school, in a business-like manner. However, after we are through with
them (and they can do it in six months) they are settled
for life. The)' have a trade out of which the) can always
make their living, but more than that, they have got something that they can apply to any trade. Too many tradesmen and mechanics are not successful, because they have not
studied business.
The School is always open.   We have no vacations.
A large number of girls are very anxious to come to
school and prepare themselves for business. They could
easily raise the amount for the course, but they are unable to
come on account of the cost of boarding. If you are such
kind of a girl, and Still ambitious, we will give you a pointer
which scores of girls have used, if you will write to us.
We have taught the  old  system   or over six years.      A year and a halt ago we changed to Gregg's and WE COULD NOT BE PAID ENOUGH MONEY TO GO BACK TO THE OLD
We had a boy "JjJ years old, acting as police court stenographer in Vancouver, in fact he was too young for the <ob.      He was not a graduate, bnt he writes GREGG'S.
BOOK-KEEPING* No other school can teach as we do. Every other school uses text-books. We have taught eight years without them. The result is that our book-keepers are real Iwok-keepers and office hands.
Employment during May WM brioK. Although not usually a brisk month, June is better in that respect. The following firms engaged graduates of ours: B. C. Fruit Canning Co., Shallcro:*, Macaulay
& Co., barristers; Taylor, Bradburn & Co., Cascade Laundry, The Fairbanks Co., F. Buscambe & Co., Drysdale-Stevenson, Ltd., Federal Life Insurance Co., Canning Co,, Eburne; New England Fish Co., Waterfall, Beasley & Co.,
C. P. R. Freight Office, Pacific Transfer Co., Yoho Heater Co., A. MacDonald & Co., Ceperley, Rounsfell & Co.       The   lately   appointed   permanent  court   stenographer is also a graduate of the Vogel College.
in Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
of reading matter. Try our book
exchange. Return two old books and
receive one new one.
It aid 14 Arcadt.        328 Abbott Stree
Mail orders promptly attended to
whetner.it be better to pull a
a horse and get the mbney or
fly to thb wooos and pull a
The incomprehensible part of the
whole thing is that some systems of
dishonesty are counted honorable
and meet with the approval of the
gang; while others, more manly if
more dangerous, are voted dishonorable and punishable by law.
Take a case like this for instance:
Suppose an alleged horse race is pulled off at Hastings, and a bunch of
skates from south of the 49th parallel
are fixed to peddle around the track
and come in according to arrangements. i>ome tellows who are onto
their job run the books and make the
arrangements. Rubes clothed in white
pants and innocence bet on the favorite, and the wily bookmakers get
the money. But the work is exceedingly coarse—so coarse that a park
policeman could see it; so the judges
take official cognizance of the job and
rule the jockey off.
Of course the jockey's price has
nothing to do with the main case, but
it transpires that all he got for his
pull was sixty plunks, which makes
him altogether too cheap a chechawka
to be allowed scope. Sooner or later
a boy of this kind might put in with
an Englishman and give some industrious bookmaker the double cross
(which would be a measly shame.)
Such jockeys are a menace to legitimate sport and should be ruled off.
So the jockey goes to the barn and
the bookies keep the lithographs.
Now it so happens that there be
others with an ambition to get their
hand on a piece of easy money, but
they lack the science to frame up a
proper "bunc." And furthermore they
are not in on the track privileges.
But one of them has a job and the
other rustles a sawed-off, and with
the sleeves of a sweater to pull over
their physogs they meander down the
back trail to a secluded spot in the
primeval forest, about 40 rods from
the brewery, there to lie in wait for
the men with the mon. When the
bookies come along hey are separated
from their roll a la Arizona, in less
time than it took to pull the horse.
And then commences the merriment. The hold-up artists, who will
later take refuge behind technicalities,
temporarily take refuge in the forest's
deepest shades. Policemen arrive on
the scene and the two-handed gun
men are pursued to the limit of the
law. And the newspapers get out special editions; the robbery becomes the
leading excitement of the day.
In the grand finale it is a good even
bet that somebody will study geology
in Kamloops, and the chances are it
will not be the bookies.
But the funny phase of the moving
picture is that the law and its minions
protect the gang who pull the horse;
and the same law and the same minions pursue the gang who pull the
In the classic lingo of the Bawal-
amie Chinaman, "Wha' for?"
* •   *   *
Charlie Wilson and John Houston
are exchanging amenities. The point
of friction seems to be that Wilson
is the appointed leader of the Conservative party but lacks the force to
act, while Houston has the force but
lacks the appointment In the meantime McBride has an attack of the
* •   *   ♦
The Rossland Miners' Union is
being sued in the Victoria court for
conspiracy because the men quit work
at the Centre Star at the time of the
strike. The case is now a three-year-
old and will probably become a centenarian before it goes through all the
phases of the British Columbia
courts, but it is worthy of note that
in the indictment the men are charged with having caused great loss to
Gooderham, Blackstock, et al. by refusing to hit the drill in their mines.
i hi 1    11 .
In other words, it was the days'
works, not the mine, that the promoters  rigured   Jo make   the   money
hi: ci.
* *   *   *
Lord Dundonald quit a $5,000 a year
job because the minister of militia
projected politics into the management of the soldiers. If the general
had paused briefly to cogitate he
might have taken a tumble that the
principal mission of the military is to
juainaiu the supremacy of that parti 'ilar hr.'md of connivance which he
dubs "politics." Dundonald should
have been a wiser, if less honest,
gent,  to   hold   his  job.
* *   *   *
The "accidental" shooting of war
correspondents within the Russian
lines seems to occur pretty nearly on
schedule time. The time is whenever a newspaper man happens to get
where he can procure a few items of
news. By carefully arranging for
such accidents the Russians are proving to the world that their strategy
board and the official censor are
working hand in hand with a full
appreciation of the fact that dead correspondents are impotent to add to
the power of the press.
♦   *   *   *
If the 'story that Bill and Dan have
sold the Canada Northern to the
Grand Trunk Pacific be true, it would
be interesting to learn what percentage of the purchase price represented
the T,2oo miles of railway the people's
parliament built for these gigantic
grafters, and what per cent, went for
their pull at Ottawa.
; Burns & Co.
All kinds of Metals, Tools and
Stoves bought and sold
Loggtrs' Taoli aad Cooking Utensils
Car. Powell aad Colombia Ave.
'Phoae 1579     .Vaaconver, B. 0. !
A writer in the April number of the
International Socialist Review, warns
our Party against committing the
mistake that has been made by the
European Socialists, especially those
of France, Belgium and Germany, in
allowing the movement to become
anti-clerical, in consequence of which
Socialism in Europe fails to find any
response among the vast masses of
population that holds allegiance to
either the Caitholic or Protestant
church. The writer truthfully points
out that the vast majority of the
people of the United States are either
active or nominal Christians, and, if a
propaganda should be pursued by
Socialists that would tend to arouse
the antagonism of the great ecclesiastical institutions to our movement
an insuperable barrier would be raised
in the minds of the mass of the people
against the acceptance of our teaching and the realization of the program
of Socialism would thus be indefinitely
All of which is undoubtedly true,
but, whether we court it or not, a life
and death struggle between the forces
of clericalism and of Socialism seems
inevitable. The defenders of Capitalism will not fail to make the best
possible use of this admirable weapon
that lies so near at hand. In the immediate future we shall find the influ
ence and prestige of the church (both
Catholic and Protestant) lined up in
.opposition to the army of industrial
emancipation. Commercialism is the
all-powerful force in the industrial
and political world. Commercialism
subsidises the press, perverts our educational system and determines the
actions and public utterances of many-
trade union officials into sane and
conservative channels.
Such being the case it is futile to
suppose that the church, the capitalist church, the church of mammon,
whose edifices are built and whose
preachers are paid by contributions
almost exclusively from wealthy
donors, will remain neutral in this
mighty struggle between the forces of
vested interests and those of industrial freedom.
In addition to the promulgation of
views concerning events after death,
and our relation to the Supreme Ruler
of the Universe, the church, and more
especially the Catholic church, actively promotes-reaction in all its political and social tendencies.
It is not the result of an acident
that the Socialist Parties of Europe
are anti-clerical to the core, and that
Socialism is weak wherever the
church is strong. The explanation is
not hard to perceive. The clergy and
especially the Catholic priesthood, are
a privileged class, living in luxury and
ease, and giving no useful equivalent
to society for the wealth they consume. The members of the clerical
profession, and more especially the
higher dignitaries of the church,
come, almost exclusively, from the
more wealthy classes, and naturally
view the Socialist movement in a
most unfriendly light. Then again
the churches themselves are business
undertakings, their incomes largely
derived from lands and other investments. Investment! Good old word!
Such a respectable, high-sounding
name to cover fraud and robbery!
Thus the church is conservative in its
views of property and industrial relations.
It should occasion no surprise that
men like Father Sherman, to say
nothing of Archbishop Corrigan, are
trying to stop the progress of Socialism by shameless slanders on its
teaching. What is done today by a
small minority of the clergy will tomorrow be emulated by the overwhelming majority.
Honest, fearless men, like Fathers
McGrady and Haggerty, who sympa
thize too strongly with the cause of
labor, will be quietly elbowed to the
outside. From motives of sympathy
as well as of self-preservatiou,    the
church must fight Socialism. It will
be capitalism's last and most formidable line of defence.
The material interest of those gentlemen, who profess to guide oiir"
footsteps to the better land beyond,
are wrapped up in the rule of capitalism right here and now.
The reforms of the world have
come in spite of, and not through, the
influence of conventional religions.
The few men within the fold who have
tried to tell the truth, have had their
utterances gagged and ultimately have
been forced either into silence or
A large number of good meaning
persons, both inside and outside the
pulpit, are endeavoring to cultivate
friendly relations between the church
and lahor; so far with very little
success. In their last analysis the institutions of the world are dominated
by those who provide the sinews of
war. The rich subscribe the funds to
run the churches.
In my own personal recollections,
covering twenty years of the Socialist
movement, its anti-clerical tendencies
have become more pronounced both
in Europe and America. Men like
Robert Blatchford and Professor
Herron, who commenced their career
by attempting to reconcile the claims
of Christianity and Socialism, now
take a decidedly hostile position to
traditional religious conceptions.
What has happened in Massachusetts and Milwaukee where the whole
power of the Catholic clergy was
actively thrown against Socialist candidates, will happen in every locality,
whenever our strength becomes sufficient to menace the strongholds of
the political puppets of capitalism. Of
the ultimate result no student of history can be in doubt. The power of
the church to control men's minds is
forever on the wane. Clericalism has
power only to delay our final victory.
We may regret that so much of our
time and energy in ifhe future will
have to be spent in the barren fields
of theological discussion, but this is
Political and industrial freedom can
never be made permanent while the
human mind is bound by the superstitious fetters of ks own creation.
Progress may be slower, but it will
be all the surer if we achieve intellectual freedom along with our industrial liberty.
All things tend for the best, and the
linking together of the destinies of
the church and capitalism may be a
blessing in disguise. Sworn allies in
life, in death they shall not be divided.
AH hail the co-operative commonwealth in which we shall behold a
free man, grown to full physical and
mental stature, no longer haunted by
the fear of poverty in the life that is,
or the idle terror of tortures in a life
to come. ERNEST BURNS.
Vancouver, B. C.
Best of Everything
Negligee Shirts, 50c t* I1.50,
Underwear, ever3' kind, 25c to f 1.50.
Attractive Hosiery, 10c up.
Belts, all sorts ef leather, 50c to $1.00.
New Neckwear, just in, 25c to 75c.
Yea are Expected II Yea Want the Best
A purchase is not necessary when you
come here. This is a store where all are
free t» come when they please, examine,
question and admire, and go when they
Successors to tbe Palace Clothing House
111 Csrdiva Strict
has been bertayed. When a Rbbbins
lauds Messrs. Mitchell and Dodds or
Mellen pours out praise or flattery
upon Kelly, Arthur and Sargent, no
better testimonial could be required
to the efficiency of these "labor lieutenants" in holding their duped followers in meek submission to the
skinning  process  of  capital.
The union man is often warned
against the wicked Socialist, who may
perhaps speak plain truths, as a dangerous person. We in turn warn
them to look for danger nearer home.
Mention is made elsewhere of the
refusal of the Siberian exiles to
accept amnesty at the price of enlisting for the Manchurian campaign.
Word has recently come that in consequence of the terrible hardships exacted as a penalty for such refusal, a
body of the exiles in the province of
Yakutsk provided themselves with
food and arms and barricaded themselves in a house while they sent one
of their number to the governor, who
refused to grant and concessions. The
house was surrounded by troops and
police, and fusiladed, until "more than
a score were killed.'- The balance
are supposed to have since been executed.
A strike is on at the lssaquah mine
in the state of Washington, resulting
from the refusal of the manager to
allow the men to take turn about at
the work, so that each might be able
to earn something on which to live.
The sheriff reports it unnecessary
to appoint deputies, as good order
prevails. This would indicate that the
business element is conducting itself
in a very unusual manner.
Wholesale and Retail
Piano Dealers
4 JO   Hastings   Street
H Do Tou Want the Best of ETerything ?
j'   We Sell the Very Best in the Way of Light at Prices that Cannot be Beaten.
,,   , _—	
ii   The Nernst Electric Lamp
«►   Is the latest and|greatest boon offered to the public, both for cheapness and
J l brilliancy.ajCall and see us about rates, etc.
o   — 	
ii B. C. Electric|Railway|Co., "~V_J-.Vr*
* The Great West Optical Manufacturing & Supply Co., Ltd., eye
specialists, will make an original proposal in The Clarion next week. If
your eyes need attention write '.hem,
or read further particulars next issue.
John Mitchell, president of the
United Mine Workers, and District
Secretary William Dodds have gone
upon a European tour in the interest
of their organization. Before leaving
they were banqueted, which means
wined and dined, in right royal manner by the operators "at the Henry
hotel in Pittsburgh, Penn., and were
"presented with diamond mementoes
of the esteem of the operators and
miners." Upon this auspicions occasion the campaign of Francis L. Rob-
bins, President of the Pittsburg Coal
Co. for the United States Senate, was
duly launched by Mr. Dodds, ably
seconded by Mr.. Mitchell. Robbins
eulogized them both with flattering
We learn, from the current number
of the Locomotive Firemen's Magazine, of another testimonial (?)
dinner which took place at New
Haven, Conn., recently. The recipient of the honor upon this occasion
was a Bro. A. P. Kelly, who has been
for seven years master of Elm City
Lodge, No. 284, B. L. T. This "function" was attended by President
Mellen, and other chief "labor skinners" of the "New Haven" road, who
poured out the fragrant flattering
unction upon the deserving head of
Bro. Kelly. The gent, also was the
recipient of a diamond memento, all
the same Mitchell and Dodds, in the
shape of a ring.
Why this friendliness, almost bordering upon love, betwixt so-called
labor leaders and high chief labor
skinners of the Robbins type, or slave
drivers like Mellen and his bunch?
There can be but one answer, and
that is because these labor leaders (?)
have fiathfully served, not the interests of the workers, but the interests
of trie masters. The interests of
master and slave were never identical, and could therefore, under no
circumstances, be served at one and
the same time. No man can serve
two masters. When his action meets
with the approval of one, the other
While engaged in dragging a
cannon ; round on Dominion Day one
of the sailors fell and was run over.
Happily, however, the cannon was
Peraaaeit Loan aid Savings Coapaiy
Notice is hereby given that a dividend at the rate of EIGHT per cent,
per annum has this day ben declared
on the Permanent Stock of the Company for the half year ending June
30th, 1904, and that the same will be
payable at the Head Oftice of the
Company, No. 321 Cambie Street,
Vancouver, B. C, on avl after July
15th, 1904.
By order of the  Bpard,
Thos. T. Langlois,
Vancouver, July 8th, 1904.
J. Edward Bird. a. C. Bkydonjack.
Geo. E. McChohnan.
Railway Block.   Tel. 829.   P. 0. Box 982.
436 Mistlaji Stmt     -    Vmtmr, 6. C.
Electro Magnetic Institute SiaVfeVic
and Viteopathlc Treatment.   Brtnsmead Bile.,
Cordova Street,    'Phone 1035.
For a Union Express
Call on Heywood Bros.
Telephone   1-3-5-4
is for tale at this office at 50c each, postpaid.
Address:   Western Clarion, Vancouver. B.C.
Vancouver  Co-operative  Association
532 Westminster Avenue
Telephone 1734 W. J. Andrews, secretary
A Union Shop and Endorsed by Every Union in Vancouver
Mount Pleasant
Popular Grocery Store
Place your orders for Fruit
at once.
2225 Westminster Ave.
Telephone 322.        Prompt Delivery.
who desire to promote the   publicity of  their
business should use the advertising columns of
The Western Clarion
Reaches Over 2,000 Wage-earners Weekly
You should subscribe for and read The Clarion.
Its columns are open to you; it voices your
interests alone ; it fears nothing but the sheriff,
and can only look to you \ for support ......
mummM*********- ■«<—■»■


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