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The Western Clarion Aug 27, 1904

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Array ,i   :..l.*.
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HE  WESTERN  CLARION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
IS
IBKR
301.
Vancouver, B. C., Saturday, August 27, 1904.
Subscription Price
Pea Yeah
Sl.00
IW LABOR GETS "SOMETHING NOW" BY WAY OF THE RALPH SMITH ROUTE
readers of the Clarion will re-
er the Royal Commission of last
vhich has been more aptly term-
Koyal inquisition," inasmuch as
Irpose  was  undoubtedly  to  in-
jjnto the political convictions of
Drking people of this province,
he object in view of thwarting
political action  as the workers
ie inclined to take, Which would
manner  threaten  the  econo-
jremacy of the present ruling
It   has   been   openly  charged
>vernment is distinctly a class
ion, and'that its every act is
purpose of defending the in-'
of   the   particular   economic
human society which may at
he be in possession of it.    As
ling  class   becomes   relatively
laller in numbers   than    they
|hom its rule is exercised, and
becomes of necessity more ar-
and brutal, it is forced to deal
tsly with its retainers in order
their fealty in carrying out
decent,   impudent    and    dirty
by which alone can the eco-
ominion of the present capi-
lass be maintained.   It is well
■ that the present governments
thout  exception  nurseries  and
of graft.   From top to Dotty are just like that for which
»nd.   To correctly represent—
true expression of capitalist
|terest a government must per-
merely a business machine,
just like any other capitalist
,   If an individual or capitalist
has  especially  objectionable
do, such as might jar upon
And tie Sad-Eyed Tax-Payer Foots the Bill to the Great Glory
of the Party in Power.
the finer conceptions of honor and
manhood, it may easily become a matter of necessity that such finer feelings should be dulled by perhaps a
generous application of that poultice
which is too often effective in weakening the moral fibre the poultice of
cash payment. It ts no accident that
governments are a prolific field for
graft. The work they have to perform, that of holding a ruled class in
subjection oftentimes calls for work
of such a nature as to be actually revolting to manhood, and therefore to
be refused. To overcome any scruples
entertained by those who are lacking
in strength of moral fibre it becomes
necessary to offer up. The cunning
ones among the purchasable soon "get
wise" and perchance become positively
exorbitant in their demands. Knowing that the great majority of men are
prone to shun that which is tainted
with dishonor, these cunning ones
take advantage of the situation by
getting in on the graft. However distasteful it may be to the ruling class
to pay "through the nose" for getting their dirty w-urk done, they cannot well get out of it. It is imperative that it be done, and there are not
many duly qualified, so in spite of
themselves, outside of the humble
grade of government employees the
price rules high. Among the humbler
grade the contrary is true. These can
be at any time dispensed with, and
the interest of the ruling class be in
no way   jeopardized.     The   average
worker may in a dim way realize
what he gets out of "royal inquisitions" or other capitalist creations, but
the average taxpayer seldom ascertains what such indulgences cost him.
He may be a Liberal and accuse the
Conseravtive party of extravagance,
or vice versa. In order to throw some
little light upon the manner in which
public (?) funds are disposed of in
the ordinary course of capitalist government, we submit the following,
taken from the report of the auditor-
general of Canada, being the cost to
the taxpayer of the aforesaid "royal
inquisition" of 1893.
Chief Justice Hunter, 67 daya
at $40 $3,680 00
Chief Justice Hunter, traveling expenses         6 00
Rev. Elliot S. Rowe, 67 days
at $35 3,345 °°
Rev. Elliot S. Rowe, traveling
expenses       14 70
W. L. Mackenzie King, secretary, 83 daya at $5     415 00
W. L. Mackenzie King, traveling expenses     621 .85
F. W. Giddens, stenographer,
83 days at $5 ...... 415 00
F. W. Giddens, traveling expenses       547 10
Uae of D. G. S. Quadra, board
wine, cigars, etc     358 00
Telegrams and copies     10a 04
Stationery       9* 7°
Postage stamps  7 00
Janitors       30 00
Rents  84 00
Advertising  a6 30
Typewriting  30 00
Serving Subpoenas  S3 35
Witness fees .. 9575
Papers  7 35
Constables (what, for?) 80 35
Transporting baggage, livery
and "small outlay"  100 00
Gifta to train handa  9 00
Leather case  14 00
Leather trunk  35 50
Grand Total $8,138 09
Chief Justice Hunter drew his usual
salary of $5,000 per year, also $1,691.-
75 for travelling and living expenses,
making a grand total for the year of
$0,377-75- Of such a record the most
ravenous taxeatcr might be justly
proud.
As the onerous duty of sitting on
the commission seems not to have
interfered with the equally onerous
pulpit practice of his reverence, the
Rev. Elliot S. Rowe should have been
in a position at the end of the 67 days
to have contributed something to the
foreign missionary fund for the purpose of converting the heathen to the
idea of wearing Manchester Cotton
and drinking Scotch whiskey. Presumably he put his $2,345.00 to some
equally holy use.
Mackenzie King puts in 83 days at
$5 per, but it does not seem to interfere with his duties as Deputy
Minister of Labor, for he drew down
his regular yearly salary of $3,200.00.
The insignificant amount of $621.85
for Mr. King's traveling expenses may
be accounted for by the fact that he,
as Deputy Minister of Labor, pays no
railway fares in Canada. Otherwise
this ridiculously small sum would
have been considerably larger. The
rumor that Mr. King went each day
to Ottawa for lunch is not true.
Mr. Giddens, the stenographer,
drew $415 for 83 days, at the same
time his regular salary from the Department of Labor. That his traveling expenses fell short of Mr. King's
is probably due to his having walked
a portion of the way.
Thait "board, wine, cigars, etc," on
board the D. G. S. Quadra is a most
interesting item. It opens before us
a vast field for reflection that would
take much time to properly cultivate.
It would be interesting to know the
relative amounts of board, wine and
cigars' used, and what particular bearing each had upon the eminently wise
conclusions eventually arrived at by
the "inquisition." Was there more
"board" than "wine and cigars?" Was
there more "cigars" than "board and
wine?" Was there more "wine" ithan
"cigars and board?" How much of
the wine went down each respective
neck; more especially that of the Victoria preacher?
Just what the $80.25 worth of constables was for does not seem clear
unless it was to keep watch of the
wine, and see that the Quadra's crew
did not steal it, and thus seriously interfere with at least one function of
the 'inquisition." The transporting of
baggage, livery and "small outlay"
accounts for an even $100. Merely an
expenditure on travelling account that
had previously escaped notice. Only
a trifle any way. Gifts to train hands
presumably means "tips" given. As
"tips" are given for menial service,
presumably the commission had its
shoes blacked, coat dusted, or back
scratched. Inquiry at Ottawa develops the fact that the "leather case"
and "leather trunk" costing $29.50
have not been sent in to the'department . Any one knowing their whereabouts please forward information to
this office.
As the creation of thin commission
was largely the work of the one-time
famous, but now nearly forgotten,
Ralph Smith, the good results to labor arrived at through the commission's work might be referred to as
the "something now" which labor gets
via the Ralph Smith route.
As the result of this nose-poking
inquiry into the political convictions
of working men seems to be that the
solution of the labor problem still
remains for the future, and the condition of labor is continually growing
worse, the value of the Smith services,
in acting as father to the commission,
is to say the least doubtful. Just
what value may accrue to the Liberal
government of the Dominion as a result of the "inquisition" is a matter
of conjecture. Whatever it may be
they are welcome to it. What the
taxpayers gained by it may be ascertained from the expense account
given. What the individuals of the
"inquisition" gained is quite- properly known only to themselves, except
in so far as set forth by the information already received from Ottawa.
ON LEG-IRON CIVILIZATION
A Rttara ts Slxttsath Ceatary Msthost.
-bitter,  unrelenting war—was
on the tramp nuisance this
|g by  Magistrate  Williams  in
pice  court.    Three of the  fra-
f occupied the dock and had to
I to the charge of vagrancy.   All
rere caught sleeping in a box-
j the C. P. R. last evening, and
|ad  any visible means of sup-
worship remarked that he was
regarding  the   best  method
fid  adopt  to  abate   the  tramp
and  decided,  after a  little
on, that six months' imprison-
Yith  hard labor, in each case,
the   maximum   penalty  for
cy,  would  be   about  the   best
giving these gentlemen of the
understand    that Vancouver
wrong place for them.    His
was assisted  in forming his
ination   by   the   fact   that   the
|olice have information  that a
irmy of tramps is bound for
ly  in  small detachments, now
)d along the C. P. R. and other
this tramp evil has reached
Jg proportions in Vancouver,
Ithe waters of the Pacific pre-
le further progress of the pro-
al   walkers,   has   been    amply
in the police    court of late,
Imore than half the cases, out-
] the regular crop of drunks, are
francy.   The jail is now full of
. There is no room for more
jail wall, plenty of unwilling
ring already on hand to finish
icellent concrete structure, and
J amply evident that sterner
res are required to prevent this
pecoming    the    mecca  of  the
only are these people an ex-
nuisance, but they are also a
to the safety of life and pro-
^tre. Tramps have been proved
committed numbers of crimes
city and numbers of others
Undoubtedly been the work of
professional idlers,
further discourage these wan-
i from approaching the gates of
\y, the vagrants who are corn-
will in future be double-iron-
has been the custom to put
1 single irons only, but by way
jfeterrent, double irons will be
on their ankles in future by
J Miller.
first case called was a vagrancy
against a yougth who gave his
is Blyth. He pleaded guilty to
arge, and in answer to ques-
rom his worship, said he came
om Canmore, N.W.T. He slept
►xcar because he had not money
1 to get a bed. His worship
led himself puzzled to know
) stop this tramp nuisance and
i that increased severity of
ment was the only means of
tion. Chief North said that his
nent had information that
1 were  making    their way to
rver from all along the line of
the C. P. R. Chief McLeod, 01 the
C. P. R., said they were a great nuisance to his company on account of
their habit of sleeping in boxcars.
Finally Magistrate Williams decided
that six months with hard labor would
be calculated to discourage any
tramps 'who might be heading this
way, and passed sentence accordingly.
Two more vagrancy cases were disposed of in the same way, and the
court got down to the drunks on the
list, who were quickly got. rid of.
The foregoing clipped from the
Vancouver Daily World of August 27,
should be brought to the attention of
every working man throughout the
Dominion. The conscienceless and
brutal ruling class whose accursed
I system of human enslavement and
exploitation demands a resort to such
inhuman and unscrupulous treatment
of its helpless victims, will soon make
appeal, through its various political
parties, for a continued lease of
power, to exact its "pound of flesh"
from the quivering body of an enslaved working class. This appeal will
be made to the members of that working class upon which with the most
unfeeling concern it practices, its
fiendish cruelties, of which those
recorded above are but a feeble
sample. The men elected to place
of power in government for the purpose of protecting and defending the-
economic interests of the present
master class, even to the extent of
outraging every principle of common
decency, can be elected only by successfully appealing for working class
votes.
That the next appeal make may fall
upon deaf ears, every member of that
class to whom these unfortunate victims of capitalist ferocity in Vancouver belong should leave no stone unturned to spread this acount broadcast and point out the significance of
it. The sooner every working man
knows just what his class is up
against, and what an unscrupulous
and unprincipled foe it has to contend
with, the better for the race and its
further progress towards the attainment of at least a civilization worthy
oi the name.
The cold-blooded ferocity and
coarse vulgarity of capitalist class rule
could be no more faithfully typified
and set forth than in the above clipping. The World is to be commended
for its frankness, though this is probably due to its stupidity rather than
its wisdom. If there be a working
man in Vancouver who after reading
a few such exposes as the above, of
the capitalist method of dealing with
such surplus labor as there may be
in the market, and which it for the
moment can skin no profit out of, and
still go to the polls and vote for s
continuance of the capitalist system
under the guidance of Liberal, Conservative, or any other party, he
surely has a stomach that is gag
proof.
ti
J. C. WATTERS.
Comrade J. C. Watters, of Victoria,  of the labor movement
has been nominated by the Socialist
Party of that city, as its candidate for
a seat in the Dominion House at the
forthcoming election.
Comrade Watters was the candidate
at the Provincial election last fall and
polled a surprisingly large vote, when
the peculiarly conservative character
Of the Victoria constituency is taken
into consideration along with the further fact that the Socialist movement
in that city was of recent birth, he being the first candidate to be put up at
that point.
Comrade Watters is a level-headed,
close and careful reasoner, and thoroughly well versed upon every phase
Upon the
platform he is logical, clear and to the
point, and being a wage earner himself is doubly qualified to do credit to
the workers as their representative in
the Dominion or any other House,
should he be elected.
Though it be against all tradition to
even assume that workers should be
anything but "hewers of wood and
drawers of water," the Clarion makes
bold to say that the workers of the
world should henceforth commission
only men of their own class to the
halls of legislation to safeguard working class interests. If the Victoria
workers be wise "Jim" Watters will
carry their mandate to the next Dominion House.
The tramp is a "nuisance" to be of
course abated just like any other
nuisance. A nuisance to who? Why,
to the ruling class, which for the
moment can see no way to skin a
profit out of him. If he could be
given employment by some capitalist
concern and a nice juicy profit extracted from his sweat, he would no
longer be a "nuisance," but on the
contrary, especially along about election time, would be the bone and
sinew of the country.
In the days of that conscienceless
old she-ruffian spoken of by sycophantic and apologetic historians as
"good Queen Bess," the "vagrant,"
who by the way was merely what
the tramp is today, that is a working man for whom there was no place
at the time in industry, was oftentimes branded upon the forehead with
the letter "V," and during her "glorious reign" 75.000 of them were hung
upon the scaffold for the offence of
vagrancy.    And  yet  these    vagrants
I were victims of circumstances over
1 which they had no control. The
workers had been driven off of the
land upon which they had formerly
lived, in order that the same might
be turned into sheep pastures, by the
ruthless robbers who had seized possession, and maintained it by-force.
It might be well to mention right here
that the choice collection of aristocratic bric-a-brac possessed by England today is descended from the
vulgar and unscrupulous robbers who
plundered the English workers of
their land and turned them into
vagrants. From double leg irons and
six months at hard labor to a brand
upon the forehead, or to the gallows,
i.s not a far cry, especially when it is
recognized that the same spirit of
ferocity lurks behind capitalist property, as lurked behind that of feudal
or landlord property of the olden
time. A "beak" so devoid of conscience, of honor, or of even common
decency and humanity as to sentence
STRENUOUS LIFE IN COLORADO
"Law-utVtrter" Elaamt Still Buy.
The following from the Miners'
Magazine is offered as a striking
illustration of the joys of the"strenu-
ous" life in Colorado at the present
time under the wise domination of the
"better classes" who always prate
loudly of "law and order." The leading figures in this affair were no less
personages than A. E. Carlton, president of the First National Bank of
Cripple" Creek; Cashier Newman, of
the same bank; Nelson Franklin,
former mayor of Cripple Creek, and
other shining lights in the firmament
of local respectability. Though local
officials were included among the "deportees," and even the deputy sheriff
who was supposed to be in charge of
that office during his chief's absence
from the city, was placed under practical arrest and his authority ignored,
while this wrecking of property, and
other violence was going on, it would
be unseemly to declare the affair an
outrage, for surely the solid business
element of Cripple Creek could do no
wrong. All of the wrongful aefs
committed in Colorado must of course
be placed to the credit of the Western Federation of Miners, which according to capitalist authorities, has
been organized for no other purpose.
Cripple Creek, Colo., Aug. 20.—A
wholesale deportation of union sympathizers, closing of the union store
in this city and the final wrecking of
it and authorities powerless to do
anything toward restoring order was
what happened between 5 o'clock this
afternoon and 8 o'clock this evening,
when a mob of fully 1,000 or 1,500
armed men took possession of the
store and the authorities. All afternoon men began to congregate on the
streets of this city, principally Bennett avenue.
A little after 4 o'clock the various
(Continued on page 3)
a man to be branded or hanged, for
no other offence than being unable to
find employment, would be well qualified to deal out double leg irons and
six months at hard labor for no
greater offence.
The three men receiving such harsh
sentences were guilty of the heinous
ofTcnce of sleeping in a boxcar of the
C. P. R. As though the discomfort
of having to sleep in such a place was
not sufficient punishment for being
out of work and out of funds, the
result of nineteen centuries' teachings
of Christian civilization prompts the
administering of six months at hard
labor to fill to overflowing the cup
of misery of these unfortunate members of the only useful class that
exists in human society.
Such callous indifference to even
the promptings of common decency
should bring the blush of shame to
the cheek of a savage. The youth
Blyth, when questioned, stated that he
slept in the boxcar because he did
not have the price of a bed. Nothing
appears to have been offered in any
manner contradicting his statement,
or going to show him possessed of
criminal tendencies. Upon whom
should the blame rest if his six
months experience under this brutal
sentence should result in arousing
within him that feeling of hatred and
revenge that is almost sure to follow
in the wake of injustice and oppression, and that would urge him on to
a criminal career?
According to McLeod these tramps
are a "great nuisance to his company
on account of their habit of sleeping
in boxcars." This may be true, but
honors are even on that score, for
"his company" and all other capitalist
concerns are a nuisance to the working class, inasmuch as they stand between the working class and its "daily
bread." Just as the land thieves of
olit England stood between the
workers and the land which at that
time was the sole means of their sub
sistence, so do the capitalists of today
stand between the workers and the
means of subsistence (resources of
the earth ,and machinery of production) and they have gained this position by equally honorable means.
This nuisance of capitalist ownership and rule can be abated only at
the hand of an intelligent working
class, consciously exercising its political powers for that purpose. The
sooner it is done the sooner will the
danger of wearing "leg irons," or
worse, be removed.
The tramp is one of the logical
fruits of the present system of property which is based upon the enslavement of labor. He is but a pr.rt
of the daily grist of the capitalist mill,
and will continue so long as industry-
is capitalized, and profit remains the
motive which prompts its wheels to
turn.
It is too much to expect of the
capitalist press, that it will ever teach
or point out anything which would
tend to uplift the race. Rarely, if
ever, does a ray of light find its way
into its prostituted intellect. It is;
higt time, however, that legislators
and courts learned the lesson, that it
i.s impossible to make men good by
legislative enactment ;or judicial
decree. So long as conditions remain-
such as to prevent men from obtaining sleeping accommodations befitting
a human being, they will avail themselves of such other as they may be
able to obtain. So long as conditions
remain as they are today, under which
it is an utter impossibility for all who
depend upon wages to obtain employment, there will be idle men; men
without money with which to pay for
beds; men who, according to the
statesmen and judges of these days
of Christian civilization, will be vag-
arnts. These modern statesmen and'
judges are beyond question no less
wise than were those of tfie days of
Elizabeth or James I. That is the
best that could be said for them.
I THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
The Mn Clarion
Published every Saturday morning,
in the interests of the Working Class
alone, by The Weatem Socialist Publishing Co., Limited, at the office of
the Universal Printing Trust, Flack
Block basement, 165 Hastings Street,
Vancouver,  B. C.
•^(VWVWV
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Vancouver, B. C, August 27, 1904.
PROPERTY.
consequences to mankind. In so
doing they act without scruple and
without conscience. In fact, scruple
and conscience are not attributes of
material interests. Let no one be disturbed over the question of whether
it be right or wrong for the present
system to continue, or another take
its place, lt is purely a question of
power, egged on by material class interest. So long as the capitalist class
interest can marshal to its support the
control of the legislative, executive
and judicial powers of government, it
will demonstrate its system of property to be right, against all who may
dispute the claim.
When the working class, aroused
to its material interest, shall through
the exercise of its politcal rights,
have marshaled these powers in its
behalf, it will, in equally convincing
manner, demonstrate the capitalist
system of property to be wrong, and
relegate it to that ablivion which it is
so eminently qualified to adorn.
BIG CANOE.
A conception of property that is
quite common is, that, at least in many
instances, it is something that once
created is handed down from genra-
tion to generation. This may in a
sense be true, but a careful scrutiny
of the case will show the value supposed to be attached to property in
natural resources, and machinery of
production, to be located in quite a
different place, and these forms of
property being merely the means of
obtaining control or possession of it.
Landed property may be handed
down from generation to generation.
Land, however, of itself, possesse no
exchange value,.no matter how richly
stored with natural resources. It is
tbe presence of a working population
that gives to land its exchange value.
The exchange value of land, taken as
a general proposition, is determined
by the amount of surplus value the
owner may be able to extract from
the workers, who carry on industry
by converting its resources into usable
or at least saleable things. Land,
therefore, without exchange value
itself, becomes an instrument by
means of which the owner is enabled
to transfer the exchange values produced by working people into his
own possession, without giving anything in return. Land which the owner sets aside for individual use does
not so figure, because it is not a part
of the means of production in the
capitalist sense while so used. Capitalist property in the instruments of
wealth production, factories, mills,
railways, etc., is purely the product
of labor. It is continually undergoing
the process of reproduction, even the
more durable portion of it being entirely replaced by new at least every
few years. The lifetime of the more
durable parts of it is only prolonged
even these few years at the expense
of new labor expended upon it continually in the shape of repairs.
The vast property in the shape of
food, clothing, etc., the things of daily
consumption, is produced and reproduced each year, and much of it several times during that period.
Capitalist property is purely an instrument for the purpose of controlling labor, the only force that creates
wealth from the earth's resources, and
transferring the wealth so created into
the possession of capitalists without
cost to them. The value or capitalization of any capitalist concern is
determined by the amount of labor it
can command, and the magnitude of
the surplus value it can pilfer from it.
The bonds, stocks, title deeds and
other evidences or certificates of capitalist property that are transferred
from hand to hand, or passed down
from generation to generation, are
merely the title deeds to Labor. In
the factories, mills and sweatshops of
the capitalist inferno these deeds are
put upon record in the sweat and
blood of slaves.
Once capitalist property is stripped
of all sham and pretense, and its
hideous nakedness exposed to the
working people, its victims, their
superstitious reverence for it will of
necessity speedily vanish. They will
be only too willing to abolish it, and
substitute the Socialist system of property under which Labor shall be
free. Thert will property become
what is should foe, a means of securing
the comfort and protection of those
.who create it.
The function of capitalist governments is to defend the present system
of property regardless of its terribje
The steamship Minnesota, first of
the "Great Northern" lines which are
to run between Seattle and the Orient,
is now loading at New York, for her
trip around the Horn to her run upon
the Pacific. Her huge dimensions
can scarce be realized from the description given in the daily press, as
follows: Length, 630 feet; beam, 73
feet 6 in.; depth, 56 feet; keel to
bridge, 88 feet; keel to masthead, 177
feet ;number of decks, 9; water-tight
compartments, 13; displacement, 21,-
000 tons; cargo capacity, 30,000 tons;
indicated horse-power, 10,000; diameter of propellors, 20 feet; weight of
rudder, 40 tons; speed, 14 knots;
horse-power of steering engines, 500.
This monster represents the achievement of the race along the line of
water transportation since the time
when our forebears transported themselves and their few belongings across
stream or lake by means of perhaps a
floating log, or a rude dug-out. That
the very foundations of marine transport, as of all other branches of human activity, were laid in a savage
antiquity thousands of years ago is
certain. A history of the originating,
developing and bringing to its present
high state of efficiency, all that goes
to make up the modern machinery
of industry and commerce, would comprise a complete history of man. In
fact the only way his history could
be written would be in industrial
terms. From the dug-out to the Minnesota is a long journey indeed, the
intervening period covering the invention of the oar, the rudder, the
sail, the tearing how to mine and
smelt ores, and fashion the things of
iron, steel, brass, copper, etc., which
so largely enter into present day marine construction, the invention of the
steam engine, and its application to
transportation, and all of the thousand and one things that enter into,
and are involved in the makeup and
operation of the modern means of
industry and commerce. The operations of the ancient savage with his
dug-out were of necessity confined to
circumscribed limits. He was continually beset with danger, because
of as yet" limited knowledge of nature's forces, and his limited command over them. As a result of the
accumulated knowledge of all the
generations that have lived before,
the modern savage with "big canoe"
goes forth upon the water, with fuTl
knowledge of every current, tide,
rock, reef or shore, upon the face of
the earth, and with mechanical powers at his command to enable him to
overcome all obstacles, and ward off
all dangers, with which he may be
confronted. The ancient savage built
his dug-out or canoe for use. He
used it as a means of transporting
himself and his belongings from place
to place as his needs required. It
was therefore a useful thing to him,
no doubt adding much to his comfort
and pleasure. The modern "big
canoe" like the Minnesota is neither
built nor used for any such purpose.
In the first place it is not even built
by the owner, nor operated by him.
It is neither built nor operated for
the purpose of adding to the comfort
or pleasure of they who operate or
use it, but solely for the comfort and
pleasure of the owner, a comfort and
pleasure that is measured by the word
profit, the most conscienceless, unscrupulous, and blood-thirsty word in
the English language.
The greater portion, however great
it may be, of the value of the
Minnesota has been taken as a
profit out .of the sweat of the workers who builded her. Out of the hide
of the workers who man and operate
her, profits galore will be wrung and
without mercy. The men who builded
her are slaves whose rations have
been issued to them in the form of
wages. Her crew, from bridge to
stoke-hole, are likewise slaves and
will receive their rations by the same
token. Instead of a means of pleasure
and comfort to them, outside of the
officers the Minnesota will be just
what the modern ship in all cases is,
a torture chamber for the crew. But
her operation will undoubtedly bring
profit to the coffers of Jim Hill and
his type of modern savages, known
as capitalists. The Minnesota will go
to the Orient loaded with 30,000 tons
of rich plunder stolen from the farmers and other workers of the United
States, and will return with equally
rich plunder taken from the workers
of the Orient. The capitalist pirates
on either side of the water will profit
by this interchange of plunder. The
deluded and plundered fools will pax
the bill. Some of them will actually
be so foolish as to consider Mr. Hill
as doing them a favor by providing
a means to expeditiously dispose of
the plunder.
The ancient dug-out or canoe belonged to he who made' and used it.
That was why it was a means of ad
ding to his comfort and pleasure. The
modern canoe does not belong to
they who make and operate it, the
workers. That is the reason it becomes a torture chamber for they who
operate it. The torture comes not
because of any characteristic of the
"canoe" itself, but because of its being capital. The function of capital
is to rob labor out of its products. All
of the great means of wealth production are today capital. They are not
instruments for use, but instruments
for plunder.
STRAIN AT A GNAT.
support the system that breeds them
by the wholesale.
In doing so they merely "strain at
a gnat," while swallowing "a camel."
A NEW PHILANTROPHY.
Some of our Vancouver people who
are occasionally, and the press which
is always, good, have been thrown into
quite a fit because a young girl has
been recently brought to the city for
the purpose of being placed in some
Dupont street house of ill-repute. One
would think to listen to them that it
was quite an unusual occurrence. The
only unusual thing about it is that the
police caught on, and stopped it. This
may perchance be due solely to bungling work upon the part of those who
had the unfortunate girl in charge,
and who expected to turn an honest
penny by the transaction.
Just why a fuss should be made,
over this one instance of deliberate
traffic in the virtue of womankind,
by those who uphold the present system of property, the corner stone of
which is not only a traffic in the virtue of woman, but a traffic in human
life and everything good, bad and in-
iifferent, that may be. implied therein.
is not easily understood.
The social evil is unknown except
in connection with the age of trade
and commerce. That which forces
men and women to sell their life force
in the market for wages in order to
exist, will likewise compel the marketing of every virtue and worthy human attribute. Every merchant on
earth today is trafficking in human
life in some form or other. The goods
upon the shelves are composed of human life force crystallized into commodity form. Could these commodities speak "they could a tale unfold,"
that would lie replete with the misery,
poverty, vice, crime and shame that
follows as a natural consequence in
the wake of a system that is based
upon the enslavement of labor by
capital.
There is nothing in the category of
crime to which the world of trade and
commerce will not stoop in its quest
of lucre. That which the vile pair of
wretches were attempting with the
young girl from Tavoma, is practiced and accomplished wholesale by
the capitalist system. Thousands
upon thousands of the very flower of
woman-kind are annually forced into
lives of shame by the terrible economic pressure of a perpetually overstocked labor market. Once hurled
over the abyss they can rarely ever
reclaim themselves. Dupont street in
this city is full of these unfortunate
victims of circumstances over which
they have no control. The pharisees
and hypocrites of Vancouver find no
time to do other than point the finger
of scorn at them, except to occasionally attempt to drive them to other
localities in the interest of some real
estate speculation or swindle. The
most sanctimonious hypocrite among
the merchant fraternity, however, will
welcome the custom of these unfortunate outcasts, and as the dollars
brought to him through such channels
merrily plunk into his till, hjs suing
visage takes on a beatific smile as
though anointed with the "oil of
gladness."
Let the hypocrites hold up their
hands in horror, and lugubriously
wail over these occasional happenings which come to light, while they
It appears, according to the New
York Tribune, that two girls—one 18
the other 20—were recently discharged from the Bridewell prison, each
having served one week. An investigation showed them to be "working
girls who had been thrown out of
work during the dull season, and that
both had tried to find work and had
adopted a life of disrepute only after
it seemed there was no other means
of keeping from starving." The girls
were released through the philanthropic action of a certain Mrs. Fabyan
who has set aside a sum of money out
of which the fines imposed upon such
unfortunate girls, in order that justice
might be satisfied.might be paid provided the promise were made that such
tine be repaid to the fund at the rate
of $1.00 per week.
To these unfortunate girls this
Fabyan woman should be a veritable
patron saint. Their fines paid they
can go forth from the prison gates
with the assurance that failing to find
honest work they must again resort to
lives of shame, and if lucky enough to
escape the eye of the police, may in
time be able to repay the amount of
their fine. In this manner will
morality be conserved, justice satisfied, christian civilization vindicated,
and the name of Fabyan indelibly
written upon the scroll of fame as the
originator of the new philanthropy.
The example of Fabyan might well
be copied by local philanthropists in
many a city or town that could be
mentioned. Care should be taken by
those so inclined, to avoid any and all
moves looking towards the wiping out
of a system of property and industry
that inevitably breed« the conditions
that drive women into lives of shame.
gjaS^Kvery Local of the Socialist Party of II. C
sTiould ruu a card under this head. St.oo per
month.    Secretaries please note.	
The teamsters of Chicago who have
been on strike for several weeks in the
effort to aid the striking meat workers
have given up the struggle and return-
to work. They refuse to give any further asistance to the strike.
The Clarion remarked last week that
the meat workers were whipped from
the moment they went out, and still
holds to the same opinion. There is
nothing to warrant the expectation of
winning a strike at the present stage
of capitalist development. Capital is
too thoroughly organized and massed,
and the labor market too completely
over-stocked.
SOCIALIST PARTY OF B.C.
PLATFORM
We, the Socialist Party of British
Colombia, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to aad support
of the principles and program of the
international revolutionary working
class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor ft should juatly belong. To
the owner of the means of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system
is based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of wealth prediction;
therefore all the products of labor
belong to the capitalist The capitalist is master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitaliata remain in
possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and degradation. ,
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wage system. To
acomplish this necessitstes the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker ia rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to
hold; the worker to secure it by political action. This is the class struggle,
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of British Columbia,
with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
firogram of the working claas, as fol-
ows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
aa poasible, of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.), into the collective property of the working class.
9. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, ss speedily
aa possible, of production for use in
lieu of production for profit
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always snd everywhere until
the present system is abolished, make
the answer to this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interest of the
working class snd aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If it wiU the Socialist Party is
for it; if it will not the Socialist Party
is absolutely oposed to it
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all* the public affairs placed
in its hands in such a manner ss to
promote the interest of the working
class alone.
Socialist Party of British Columbia.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Provincial executive committee: A.
R. Stebbings, John Dubberly, L. T.
English, R. P. Pettipiece, E. T.
Kingsley, Vancouver; O. Lee Charlton, Victoria; E. S. Embree, Greenwood. Ernest Burns, treasurer; B.
Merrill-Burns, secretary, Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vsncouver, S. P. of B. C, No. 1.
Business meetings every Wednesday evening at 8 p. m. at headquarters, Ingleside Block (room 1, 2nd
floor) 313 Cambie street. Educational meetings every Sunday evening in Oddfellows' hall (3rd floor),
Sullivan block, Cordova street.
Secretary: O. P. Mills, box 836,
Vancouver..
POR SALE CHEAP.
Gasoline Launch. Length over all
24 ft. by 7 foot beam. Engine 1 1-2
horse power. Engine new. Boat been
in water 6 months. Will sell engine
or boat separately if desired.
Enquire of Western Clarion,
P. O. Box 836.        313 Cambie St.,
/ Room 1.
DID YOU
Pass into the High School or did you
fail? Well, it makes no difference to
us. Ia either case, you are far enough
advanced for business life. An old
millionaire once said: "Any youngster
who goes through Grammar School
and enters a business office young, is
bound to become rich and successful,
if there is work and ambition in him,
because by the time he is 20 years old
and in possession of all his mental
faculties, he is well versed in business."
DO NOT FORGET
If you go to Vogel's you are sure of
a position as soon as you can do tbe
work.
VOCCL COMMERCIAL COLLEGE
ViBCOMVir, B. C.
ESTABLISHED 18*
The VOICE
Tie mm Uiar Paper la Caaasa
Always a fearlesss exponent in the
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will be
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen of all countries will
soon recognize the fact that they
must support and read their labor
papers.
Issued every Friday.
Ik Vtice PniiJstt« U, Lintel
WINNIPEG, MAN.
WANTED—Special Representative in
this and adjoining territories, to represent and advertise an old established
business house of solid financial standing. Salary #21. with expenses advanced each Monday by check direct
from headquarters.   Expenses advanc-
• ed; position permanent. We furnish
everything. Address The Columbia,
630 Monon Bldg., Chicago, 111.
Union Directory
Whan They Meet; WJiere They Meet
gBP**K»ery Labor Cnlou in the provincTiT^
vlted to place a card under this head »r~T *
mouth.    Secretaries please note.       '   *'*'»*»
Per
United Brotherhood of Carpenw
and Joiners.. Meets every st,^*A
and fourth Wednesday in UniS
hall. Room 2 President, Lum °t
O'Brien; recording secretary, TJrb«.
Chaplin, 2820 Manitoba street
Delegates to Building Trades Coatu
cil: P. McMurdo, and TjyloT
alternate, Greenwell and Rafn.,
Delegates to T. & L. Council- ft
D. Dobbin, J. McLaren, 1 r
DeWolfe, G. F. Adams and A P
Coffin. ' ft
Greenwood Miners' Union, No *.
W. F. M. Meets every^Saturd?
evening in Union hall. J. R. Ritchit
president; Ernest Mills, secretary!
treasurer.
Phoenix Trades and Labor Count!
Meets every alternate Monday
John Riordan, president; Ed wars
Brown, vice-president; P. H. U-
casse sergeant-at-arms; W. H. Ban
bury, secretary-treasurer, P. 0. B01
198, Phoenix, B. C.
Boa
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. t
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 730 o'clock in Misers'
hall. Wm. Barnett, president; Join
Riordan, secretary.
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No. 177, W.
F. M. meets every third Saturday
from July a. Alfred Andrews, president; Jonathan Isherwood, P. 0.
Box 2», Nanaimo, B. C, recording secretary.
Tbe International Brotherhood sf
Electrical Workers.—Local No. 213,
Meets second and fourth Than-
days at I. B. E. W. Hall, Room j,
Ingleside Block. President, J.
Dillabough; recording secretary,
Geo. P. Fair; financial secretary, A.
H. Sellar. Addreas all communications to the hall. All sojouraiaa
brethren cordially invited.
SUBURB aad COUNTRY
The oaly Agricultural Paper
Published fas a. C.
Veatty SLM par Vast.
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After Sea*. 13,19*4 subacnptioa anet win be Ii,
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THAT'S what Aa CMMK U NOW! I
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Socialist press. American and foreign;
Quotes the utterances of several hundred
papers on all questions that interest Socialists. Tbe ideal paper for tbe busy
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of importance — cartoons—portraits—illustrations.
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The Only   Labor Paper in British Columbia
IM
VaaceBvsf, B. C.
United Hatters of North America
*h;?S?r2u- arertbuy'n«f • FUR HAT see to it
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed in it. If
•retailer has loose labels in his possession snd
offers to put one in a hat for you, do not patron-
llttS?' tl0" ,a.be,« «n retail stores are counterfeits.   The genuine Union   Label is perforated
2Si«r e£8t\ e?a.ct,y  the  »"«« »• • P0*t»««
Jw P' , CMMterfeits are sometimes perforated on
three of the edges and sometimes only on two.
SK? n "c!l8rp Io2koutj™ the counterfeits. The
John B. Stetson Co., of Philadelphia, Pa., is a nonunion concern.
JOHN A. MOPPITT, President, Orange, N. J.
MA5awNYortWL°* 8ecreUr* " Wavarly Place THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, B. C.
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION.
A Sketch by Frederick Engels.
i. Mediaeval Society. — Individual
production on a small scale. Means of
production adapted for individual use,
hence     primitive,     ungainly,     petty,
jwarfed  in  action.      Production  for
lmediitte consumption, either of the
roducer himself or of his feudal lord.
)nly where' an excess of production
Bver this consumption occurs is such
kxeess   offered   for   sale,   enters   into
jxcliange.     Production   of  commodities, therefore, only in its infancy. But
llready  it  contains  within   itself,  in
jnibryo, anarchy in the production of
Jociety at large.
2.—Capitalist Revolution. — Trans-
jrmation   of   industry,   at   first     by
leans  of simple    co-operation    :uid
lanufacture.      Concentration  of  the
pans of production, hitherto scatter-
. into great workshops.   As a continence,  their transformation   from
hilividual to social means of produc-
n—a transformation which does not
the whole, affect the form of ex-
hange.    The old forms of appropri-
on remain in force.   The capitalist
ppears.    In his capacity as owner of
he. means of production, he also ap-
ropriates   the   products   and   turns
bein into commodities.     Production
is become a social act.    Exchange
bd appropriation continue to be indi-
.iual  acts,  the  acts  of  individuals,
be social product is appropriated by
individual    capitalist.      Funda-
lental contradiction, whence arise all
le contradictions in which our pre-
\w\ day society moves, and   which
ndern industry brings to light.
|A.—Severance of the producer from
means of production.   Condemna-
j>n of the worker to wage-labor for
Antagonism    between the pro-
jtariat and the bourgeoisie.
jB— Growing predominance and in-
leasing    effectiveness  of  the    laws
Verning    the    production  of corns
adities.       Unbridled     competition,
tmtradiction  between socialized or-
lization in the individual   factory
i social anarchy in production as a
pole.
'.—On the one hand, perfection of
kchinery, made by competition com-
ilsory for each individual manufac-
fer, and complemented by a con-
|ntly growing displacement of
orers. Industrial reserve army. On
other hand, unlimited extension
[production ,also compulsory under
ipetition, for every manufacture,
[both sides, unheard of development
"productive forces, excess of supply
demand, over-production, glutting
{the markets, crises in every ten
Irs, the vicious circle excess here,
(means of production and products
Ixcess there, of laborers, without
fployment and without means of ex-
Tnce. But these two levers of pro-
btion and of social well-being are
able to work together, because the
italist form of production prevents
productive forces from working
the products from circulating.
Jess they are first turned into capital
k-liich their very superabundance
^vents. The contradiction has grown
an absurdity. The mode of pro-
fction rises in rebellion against the
\m oi exchange. The bourgeoisie
convicted of incapacity further to
Inage their own social productive
fees.
-Partial recognition of the social
kracter of the productive forces
Iced upon the capitalists them-
Ives.. Taking over of the great in-
lutions for production and complication, first by joint-stock com-
tiies. later on by trusts, then by the
|tc. The bourgeoisie demonstrated
, be a superfluous class. All its
pial functions are now performed by
aricd employees.
I Proletarian Revolution. — Solu-
|n of the contradictions. The pro-
ariat seizes the public power, and
means of this transforms the
fcialized means of production, slip-
\g from the hands of the bour-
uisie, into public property. By this
I, the proletariat frees the means of
]>dnetioii from the character of cap-
thcy have thus far borne, and
les their socialized character com-
tc freedom to work itself out.
Halized production upon a pre-
ermincd plan becomes henceforth
iilble, The development of pro-
:tion makes the existence of dif-
nt classes of society thenceforth an
tchronism. In proportion as an-
hy in social production vanishes,
political authority of the state dies
:. Man, at last the master of his
n form of social organization, bees at the same time the lord over
ure, his own master—free,
'o accomplish this act of universal
ancipation is the historical mission
the modern proletariat. To thor-
fhly comprehend the historical con-
ions and thus the very nature of
s act, to impart to the now oppress-
proletarian class a full knowledge
the conditions and of the meaning
the momentous act it is called upon
accomplish, this is the task of the
oretical expression of the prole-
ian movement, scientific Socialism.
JOBLESS AND LANDLESS.
Ve have a limited number of three
nths' subscription cards to , the
^mrade," the famous New York
Halist periodical. Beginning with
Hember rst, and until the supply
ixhausted, we will give one of these
ee months subscriptions to each
'son sending in one dollar for a
r's subscription to the Western
Hon. Send in your dollar at once,
the supply will soon be exhausted.
profound silence regarding the
ft Dominion election is distinctly
Jible.   Wonder what's up?
In Trying to Steer Clear of Scylla They
Pall Into Charybdis.
"When I came to Texas eight years
ago, I travelled all over the State in
search of employment. Everywhere
could be seen vast unoccupied tracts
of land, where the cattle roamed at
will the whole year around. Whenever the cattle were wanted by the
owners, the cowboys were sent out to
find them and bring them to the markets. Now all is changed. The land
is being fenced in as the private property of some corporation. I saw one
fence eighten miles long in a straight
line."
In these rapid changes it has so
come to pass that the industrial
worker, thrown out of employment
by the equally rapid development of
machinery, seeks in vain some unoccupied spot of land where to eke out
a living by tilling the soil. .He is
shut out everywhere, a jobless, landless outcast of society.
The above quotation and comment
is taken from thr Weekly People of
Aug. 6.
The condition pointed out is not
peculiar to Texas alone.. The same
is in evidence in British Columbia.
Two of our comrades, victims of the
late machinists strike in Vancouver,
recently took an extensive trip
through the Similkameeu Valley for
the purpose of locating some spot
upon which they might be able to eke
out a living, and thus escape the vicissitudes of a merciless labor market.
They were rewarded by the comforting discovery that vast stretches of
valuable land were held by indi
viduals. In fact every foot of land
possessed of the requisites for successful agricultural, horticultural or
pastoral purposes had long since been
grabbed np into vast holdings by the
beneficiaries of the capitalist system
of loot and plunder. These refugees
trying to escape their former captivity had their labor for their pains, and
were forced to return footsore and
weary, to the miserable confines of
the labor market, and again take up
the ennobling pursuit of a job.
Yea, verily is the industrial worker
"a jobless, landless outcast of society,"
to be raised to the seventh heaven of
beautitude only when fortune smiles
upon him in the shape of some employer of labor who condescends to
allow him the poor privilege of wearing, even temporarily, the degrading
shackless of wage servitude.
STRENUOUS LIFE IN COLORADO
(Continued from page i.)
JOHN COLLINS ARRESTED.
John Collins, candidate of the
Socialist Party, for Governor of
Illinois, was placed under arrest at
Springfield, the capital of the State,
on August 15.
Mr. Collins had been addressing a
street crowd, and upon closing his address proceeded to sell some literature
to those present, ale was arrested
upon the flimsy pretext of selling
without a license, but was soon released as the selling of literature without a license was no offense under the
law. As he left the jail he was loudly
and heartily cheered by the large
crowd which had gathered in consequence of the arrest. Halting on the
sidewalk he said to the crowd "stop
boys," and proceeded to announce his
meeting for the following night. He
was again seized by a policeman,
roughly handled, and epithets too vile
for print were copiously applied by
the blue coated guardian (?) of the
law. Mr. Collins was bailed out, to
appear the following day at 2 p. m.
Upon his appearance in court the
usual juggling was gone through with
for the purpose of delaying trial, the
flimsy pretext being offered that the
prosecution required a very important
witness who was up in Kankakee. This
proving of no avail, the bluff of calling
for a warrant upon a different charge
was tried but it wouldn't go, and Collins was finally discharged, and the
bail money returned.
Tile impudent, and meddlesome proclivities o fthe genus police is always
in evidence wherever the breed may be
found. »
On recent occasions the Vancouver
contingent has manifested the
same morbid propensity by interfering, though in somewhat
of a mild way, with quiet and
orderly street meetings held by Socialists. Just what is expected to be accomplished by such unwarranted
meddling is not clear, but even the
police ought to 'have discovered from
past experience that it is one of the
most effective means that can be resorted to for tile rapid and effective
spread of the Socialist propaganda.
For the purpose of furthering the
movement by 'calling attention ot
many whose notice it might otherwise
escape, let the police of Springfield,
and incidently Vancouver and other
places ,push on the good work by impudent meddling at every opportunity.
Speaking of the Fall River strike
of   textile   workers, the Journal of
Commerce says: "The situation was
a hard one for the mill owners, as
well as their workmen. They did not
wish to reduce wages, but they were
subject to the inexorable conditions
of the market for their material and
the market for their product."
Certainly they were. And these inexorable conditions of the market rule
at all times as with an iron hand, both
buyer and seller of merchandise. No
combination of either employers or
workmen has ever yet proven powerful enough to more than temporarily
disturb the free working out of these
iron laws of the market. It becomes
daily more hopeless for the workers
to attempt it.
shifts of men came into town and
took places at the corner of Second
and Bennett avenues. Every one
seemed to be in the dark concerning
their purpose. All were armed and it
was easy to surmise what was about
to happen, although hardly a word
was spoken.
At S o'clock a crowd swept up Bennett avenue, like a great wave, toward
the union store, that was just a half
block away. No attempt was made
to stop the rush of men on the union
store, which the mob Soon reached.
The leader yelled that the time had
conu- for a final clean-up of the
Cripple Creek district. That was their
determination, and they carried it
through.
When they completed their work,
the unionists were not only deported,
but every vestige of the store strewn
around and the stock was not worth
30 cents. The leaders of the mob that
started from Bennett and Second
avenues were armed. They dashed
into the store from the front and
rear, ordering the employees to throw
up their hands. The command was
obeyed quickly, and within a very few
minutes the employees of the store,
together with General Eugene
Engley, were led out, surrounded by
a mob.
No masks were worn by any of the
members of the crowd. As they approached the store a couple of those
inside attempted to escape by running
up the stairs of an adjoining building,
but they were soon caught.
Mr. Heinerdinger, the manager of
the store, was iit the sheriffs office, a
few doors above, but on the other
side of the street, at the time, and told
Under Sheriff Parsons the store was
to be raided. Under Sheriff L. F.
Parsons immediately left the office
and went over to the store. He was
quickly seized. Two guns were thrown
down on him and he was not permitted to go in. The under sheriff did
not even have time to address the
crowd, as was his intention. He was
taken up the street about 100 feet,
where he was detained. His guards
then took him down the street'at the
corner of Second. There he was left
and immediately retired to his office,
where he found Frank J. Hangs, attorney for the Western Federation of
Miners in this district, who asked him
for protection. At this time Mr. Parsons was told that he was wanted in
the rear office.
No sooner had he entered the rear
office than he was seized by a couple
of masked men, who took him into
the private office in the rear, where
he was held a prisoner for over an
hour. During the time the under
sheriff was held prisoner the crowd
began the work of searching for all
the men marked for deportation.
Committees were sent hither and
thither to locate them. The men
taken out of the union store were
marched up Bennett avenue toward
the county jail, where 17 men are
confined for complicity in the riot in
Victor, June 6th. In the middle of
the block they were halted, and the
crowd was ordered to fall back. Other
searching parties began to return with
other prisoners, and it did not take
long to decide upon which road the
men were to be taken out of the dis-
district.
A photographer stood opposite the
county jail and attempted to take pictures, but was prevented.
Michael O'Neill, the deputy county
clerk and recorder, was one of the
men sent for ,and he, with others,
was  deported.
That all, however, is -not plain sailing for the "better element" in its
commendable efforts to maintain law
and order, may be seen from the following account of an uncomfortable
happening that occurred at Cripple
Creek  on August  15th:
lt was learned here today from a
reliable source that two well-known
residents of the gold camp were dangerously wounded in the midnight
attack on the home of George Seitz,
former president of Cripple Creek
Union, No .40, Western Federation of
Miners, in Cripple Creek last Wednesday night, as a result of which
two men are in a precarious condition, and it is feared they cannot recover. They were 1 members of the
mysterious eleven, who for two weeks
terrorized the district and whose
night assaults ended with the shooting at the Seitz home on West Bennett avenue.
The wounded men, whose names
are withheld, are prominent and influential citizens, and are confined to
their respective homes, where they
have been constantly attended by surgeons since last Thursday. Today it
is said their condition is causing some
alarm.
During the absence of Sheriff Bell
in Wyoming the mysterious eleven
took matters in their own hands, arid
were whitecapping and deporting all
persons who had in any way incurred their displeasure. Leaders of the
whitecappers broke into the Seitz
home and ordered him to leave, but
he opened fire on them, which was
returned, and in a ten minutes' battle
the little home was reduced to a
veritable sieve; and the raiders Were
compelled to withdraw. At the time
it was reported that no one was
wounded.
It is probable that developments of
a startling nature will come to light
within the next few days.
off in Teller county some time since,
it appears that high-handed outrages
are of almost daily occurrence, at the
hands of the Citizens' Alliance and
Mine Owners' Association thugs.
Miners who have nen peacefully
working, but have refused to take out
Miners' Association cards, are still
being driven from ithe district. Citizens, some of wnom are prominent
merchants, are visited by mobs and
either warned to leave, or forcibly
driven from the country, and subjected
to all sonts of brutality during the
process.
The sheriff of the county is making efforts to protect such citizens
against the Citizens' Alliance thugs.
From here it appears that sgch efforts are put forth with a genuine desire to put an end to mob rule and
restore the district to at least a normal condition of peace and order.
It is pleasing to note that a Methodist preacher, ithe Rev. Leland,
has positively refused to leave the
district until he gets ready to do so,
although warned by a "committee" to
get out. He is said to be a determined
man, and has intimated to all concenn-
ed that if any attempt is made to remove him by force from his home
some killing will quite likely occur.
As his residence is guarded by members of his congregation and deputy
sheriffs, something of this sort might
reasonably be expected to happen
were such attempt made. The resentment against the reverend gentleman appears to have been aroused because of a strong labor sermon he
preached to -his congregation on a
recent Sunday. It is to be hoped
that the preacher's example will be
followed by others, and the genuineness of the determination to remain
where they have a legal right, be
emphasized by prompt and effective
action in case of any attempt to interfere with such right. A few speedy
removals of persons engaged in midnight raids upan law-abiding citizens
would have a healthy effect, and do
much towards clearing the atmosphere, and bringing to an end the deplorable state of affairs so' long prevailing in Colorado.
From St. Louis "Labor" we learn
that the last union man left Joseph
Leiter's model mining town of Ziegler,
Illinois, on July .30. The «4-foot oaken stockade is finished, the searchlight
on the Tipple House is being erected,
and the platform on the smokestack,
where rapid fire guns will be placed,
is being put up.
This reads like a chapter from old
feudal days, when the robber baron
found it often necessary to retire
within the walls of his castle to protect himself against the onslaught of
his enemies. Although all necessary
preparations are in this instance being
made to defend Baron Leiter's property, unlike his predecessor of old this
modern baron is not on hand to assist
in the defence. He is reported to be
safely esconsced at Bar Harbor,
Maine's fashionable seaport. His happy
discretion in thus getting his precious
carcass outside the danger zone is
especially characteristic of the cowardly capitalist class to which he belongs.
The preparations made at the Ziegler coal mines should point out to the
most unthinking the keynote to all of
the industrial unrest and disturbance
on earth to-day. To keep the workers
from access to the means of life until
the terms of the masters have been
complied with, is the object of the preparations in question, as well as that
of all governments and military establishments.
The continued luxurious living, the
idle, worthless, vapid and loafing existence of the capitalist tribe could be
perpetuated in no other manner.
All that the workers of the world
need to enable them to live at least
lives of comfort, if not luxury, is access to the means of living without
making terms with, or paying tribute
to capitalist or other reckless robbers,
of the Leiter or any other type-
Just how many of them are seeing
thepoint and adapting themselves to
the way of bringing it about, will be
shown by the Socialist vote at the
coming November elections in the
United States.
Although   military  rule   was  called
25,000
New Words
are added in the last edilion of
Webster's International Dictionary. The International ia kept
always abreast of the times. It
takes constant work, expensive
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Standard'
Authority*
of the English-speaking world.
Other dictionaries follow. Webster leads.
It is the favorite with Judges,
Scholars, Educators, Printers, etc.,
in this and foreign countries.
A postal card will bring yon
interesting specimen pages, etc.
G. & C. MEBBIAM COMPANY
SpwnoF.jjr.b, Mass..
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When in Victoria
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PAVING HIGH PRICES
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THE PRIDE OF VICTORIA
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Colonial Bakery
9 Jehnao* St., Victoria. B. C.
ttllte MnH'BBtmT AM CAICI
Delivered So say part of the city.  Art Driver
to call.  'PHONE (MS
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Patronize  Clarion  Aftvertiters
A DRUGLESS CURE
rw wow aa urn mm smexet
Every person having weak eyes suffers more or less
from reflex.
The weakness in some eyes is not manifest in the eye
itself but by reflex symptoms in the more remote parts
of the body. Such as dyspepsia, biliousness, gastric
trouble, constipation, dizziness, etc. Nearly alt forms of
headache and neuralgia are the direct results of eye strain
or muscular trouble. You have tried drags, and as they
failed, you believe there is no cure for you.
Now, you are in error, as we can prove by the thousands of unsolicited testimonials received from all parts
of Canada, and can prove this to you in your own case
if you will give us a chance.
Most patients who come to us as a last resort have
been cured by tbe removal of the cause, "eye strain."
You can also be cured if you will come. All we ask
is a fair chance to prove,what glasses will do when compounded by us. It is reasonable to suppose that when no
organic disease exists there should be no dyspepsia, constipation, biliousness, dizziness or any other trouble, and
there would be none if the eyes were normal and able to
perform their functions of seeing without strain.
If you have tried medicine without results, your symptoms cannot be the results of disease. This proves conclusively one of two things: That your trouble is either
caused from your eyes, or that there is nothing in the
science of-medicine.
It is a well known fact among eye specialists that
eye strain produces nervous exhaustion, and as our life
depends upon our nerve supply, you will see what effect
nerve leakage will have upon our health. Take nerve tonics to build up your nerves? But how is that possible if
the nerve exhaustion is in excess of your restorative? It
is no criterion if you have consented and had glasses from
twenty oculists and opticians without results. Optometry
is a young profession, and few men in Canada have had
the experience and training that our specialists have had.
We are teachers of the highest branch of optometry, we
can diagnose your case, describe your symptoms from an
examination of your eyes without asking you a question
or obtaining a history of your case.
Each department of our eye institution is in charge
of a competent specialist. To obviate delay and possible
error, we are installing a perfectly equipped Lens Grinding plant.
Our Dr. Ure will have charge of the prescription department, and will inspect all glasses that we turn out.
Dr. Jordan will continue in charge of the Clinical Department, where all complicated cases will receive his
personal attention.
The Great West Optical Co., Ltd.
334 Hastings Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dr. Jordan, President
I)R. J. G. Urk, Secretary
The military department at Ottawa
is busily engaged in taking the necessary steps to establish new rifle
ranges all over the Dominion, provision for the same having been made
during the recent session of parliament.. The daily press merely remarks that "Sir Frederick Borden has
both sides of the House with him in
his efforts to promote rifle practice."
Of course he has. Both sides of the
House may be trusted to be on the
same side of anything that tends to
foster the military spirit upon which
in the last analysis the capitalist as
well as all previous robber systems depends.
Far better for the people of Canada and the world if the fostering of
practice in the arts of peaceful industry was given proper attention, by
both sides of the House, and everything tending military-ward was
left to the lumber room of a barbaric
past. That which makes for the uplift of the race can be effected without the aid of rifle practice. If the
workers of Canada be wise they will
at the polls clean out both sides of
a House that spends its time in fostering the military spirit, and building
up military armaments. Once more
we affirm that the Socialist movement
is the only force in the world today
that makes for peace.
The Miners' Magazine refers to
William Jennings Bryan as "the dethroned and self-disgraced statesman
of Nebraska," and avers that he "has
been crucified on bis cross of gold,
and Democracy has been raped by
Wall street." Our contemporary is in
error. It requires something more
than a loud voice and unmitigated gall
to constitute statesmanship. The distinguished gent has crucified himself
upon the cross of his own profound
ignorance of econimic development.
If by "Democracy" is meant the
Democratic Party of the United
States, the rape charge could, not be
made to stick in any court upon
behalf of such a skinny and worn-
out old prostitute. THE WESTERN OLABION, VANCOUVER, B. 0
s
1
'.  ■
il
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
of reading matter. Try our book
exchange. Return two old books and
receive one new one.
E. GALLOWAY
VANCOUVER. B. C.
It aee 14 Arcade.      3IB Abeatt Street
Mail orders promptly attended to
CORRESPONDENCE.
The following from a correspondent
in the Okanagan valley is good, as
throwing a little side light upon capitalist prosperity, and the capitalist
confirmed habit of always skinning
as close to the quick as possible, by
cutting wages Or or speeding up the
machinery.
Editor Clarion.—Like a good many
Socialists in this province, I took
great pleasure in seeing the Clarion
revived, but am "blooming" slow in
"coughing up" some of the wherewith for the paper's maintenance, a
fact thst should be deplored, as it is
the only voice for Labor this ide of
the "Voice" at Winnipeg. The gang
that spoiled ballots at Enderby last
fall is pretty well scattered, having
had to get out and sell their labor
power and skill to other   masters.
The capitalist gang that took possession of the mill and timber limits
in this country came here to make
money, and the wage bill was the
first thing attacked, as if the $2 per
and eat yourself was too high. After
a stiff contest they decided that
changing men every day did not pay,
and restored the wages to their usual
stage, and now the "husks" are fairly
good. But board is $5 per month
higher, and the mill cuts double last
summer's capacity, with improved
machinery. The Wage slave's condition is thus worse in spite of a 25-cent
increase.
You perhaps notice that the glowing accounts of Okanagan prosperity
in the coast papers have vanished.
The dry season has played its part
well and these are no crops at all
either vegetable or grain, except in
very favorable localities. Just how the
average farmer will fare, 8, 10 or 13
per cent, on payments, is more than I
can tell. In fact, I may be in the swim
myself, having quit the wage master
in the mills to face the troubles on a
capitalistic farm with a "blister"
against it.
jErnest Mills needs just to rake
■them up the back good and hard when
tie starts in, and I think he will get
a big vote in this valley, as there is
a general kick against the conditions
of the gang that live on rent, interest
and profit, and do no useful work, but
always wear white duck pants in hot
weather. u..
Our correspondent sent *long the
money for two subscriptions to the
Western Clarion, one year each,
which is hereby acknowledged.
Editor Western Clarion:
After the most important matter to
come before the consideration of our
local at the regular business meeting
held on Tuesday evening of this week,
was dispatched, it adjourned into a
convention for the purpose of nominating a candidate to contest Victoria
in the Dominion elections now close
at hand.
Comrade J. C. Watters, who was
no inated by Com. Harper, seconded
by Com. Marcon, was the unanimous
choice' of the convention.
So we are still in the ring and will
be ready to meet the enemy whenever
they say. The capitalistic attempt to
disfranchise the workers by insisting upon a deposit of $200.00 before
a candidate is put up to the contrary
notwithstanding.
So get husky boys, all along the line.
Keep your powder dry and don't let
the enemy find you napping, but be
up and doing, and insist that "there
shall be no Alps."
, The result will be then that all
deposits will be saved, and those of
the working class not yet class conscious receive such an eye-opener that
will cause them to never vote a capitalist ticket again, but always cast a
solid plumper for the international,
revolutionary working class principles, as defined in the platform of the
Socialist party.
Comrade J. W. Yarrow was the
speaker last Sunday evening. His subject was "Civilisation," in which the
present system came in for a good
round of scoring. Comrade Marmo,
our Italian comrade, also addressed
the audience, touching upon the material conception of history, and maintaining that the material interests of
the working class had priority over
any assumption or argument that a
right or wrong motive predominated.
The glaring need of economic freedom was evidence enough, without
discussing what was the right thing
to do in the case. He ruthlessly
brushed ethics aside, and Stood on a
pure and simple materialistic plane.
Fraternally  yours,
HAROLD BURNETT.
Victoria,  B.  C., Aug. 24,  1904.
JOBS-SI.00 FOR A CHANCE AT ONE
NANAIMO AFFAIRS.
On Monday last the Dominion minister of Marine and Fisheries visited
Nanaimo, and with one accord Grit
and Tory kow-towed and humbly petitioned that august individual to recognize that Nanaimo was on the map,
to let us stay there, and that if there
was going to be anything left after
Senator Cox,'of the Toronto Globe-
Crow's Nest Coal Company and
Grand Trunk Pacific got through-
Why—remember us. oh, mighty one.
The mighty one looked wise and said
we would consider the matter; he
also said that Nanaimo herring were
all right (a fact already known in
Japan and Australia), and that we
were getting good weather.
An amusing part of the proceedings
was the way in which Mr. Ralph
Smith, M. P.. buzzed around the visitor like a bluebottle fly around, five
cents worth of treacle, and apparently
much to the lattcr's annoyance.
A temporary activity has been created in the local labor market by a
number of workers being drawn off
to fight bush fires in the neighborhood.
James Haddow, a miner well known
in the Island coal fields, was killed
at Extension on the 18th. He leaves
a wife and one child. Another miner
received serious injuries the same day.
The Nanaimo Farmers' Market has
moved to opposite the City Hall, on
Bastion street, and is well worthy
a call from householders.
The whole-souled manner in which
a bunch of Grits and Tories are
scrapping. for a certain job in the
provincial civil service is somewhat
out of keeping with their objections
to a plan of government by which
we could all secure a government job.
A government job for all of us would,
so tbey say, destroy incentive, individuality, the home, religion and
everything else. The question then
is, are these old party gentlemen
made of a superior clay one that
would notpe so affected, or are they
a bunch of grafters so completely gone
to the devil that their desertion of
the institutions and traits of character referred to would tend towards
their conservation? Will some old
party voter kindly explain.
LOCALS TAKE NOTICE.
The address delivered, before Locals
Vancouver and Victoria, by Comrade
Mrs. B. M. Burns and published in
last two issues of the Clarion under
caption "The Woman in the Case," is
still in type. Request has been made
that it be run off in leaflet or pamphlet form .for general distribution.
It has been decided to run same in
pamphlet form, 6 inch page, without
cover, at the price of $1.00 per hundred copies.
The article will be held in type until
September 10, and if sufficient orders
to warrant publication reach this office by that date the pamphlet will be
issued.
It will make an effective propaganda
pamphlet for general distribution,
more especially among the women
folk, as it sets forth in a clear and concise manner the relation of woman to
the Socialist movement, and from a
woman's point of view.
All orders must be accompanied by
cash. Should publication not occur because of lack of sufficient orders the
money will be returned.
To insure this office against loss the
orders should at least reach the 2,000
mark.
Locals and individuals please take
notice, and act promptly.
THE WESTERN CLARION,
Box 836. Vancouver, B. C.
TAKE NOTICE.
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I Burns & Co.
i Second Haad Dealers.
> Largest  and cheapest stock of <
; Cook Stoves in the City. ; ;
Boom Chains, Augers, Loggers'
> Jackets,, etc.
|     Most reduce stock in next sixty
> a»y»- ,.'.  _^_
Remember the place
101 Powell Street
• 'Pheae 1570      Vaacaavar, 0. 6.
George Hannay, of Ladysmith, B.
C, is the duly authorized agent of the
Western Clarion at that point. He
will be pleased to receive subscriptions, furnish information as to advertising space, and make estimates on
al! kinds of job printing. See him,
or drop him a line and he will call on
you.
From a letter written to La Petite
Republique, by S. Y. Katayama, we
clip the following: "At Tokio there
are 200 Socialists, and there are also
many in the provinces; but Socialist
organization is defective, being more in
the nature of a club. There are many
sympathisers, who. however, for various reasons, are afraid of openly declaring their opinions. Officially
Socialism was suppressed four years
ago, but it is not dead. There is no
Socialist representative in Parliament;
the suffrage only includes landowners
and taxpayers of direct taxation, thus
excluding many workers. A few
members of parliament have Socialist
proclivities, but they are afraid of
joining our party. There is some
sympathy from the public; our ideas
spread in the community by means of
the reports in the papers. The police
try to suppress us, but up to now tbe
capitalists have not tried to crush us.
Socialist ideas are penetrating among
the mare intelligent classes, and there
is a course of lectures on Socialism
given at the University of Tokio."
The fact of labor being merchandise
in the market, and it* owners forced
by their necessities to find sale for it
in order to maintain their existence,
affords the opportunity for practising
innumerable impositions upon the
workers, out of which those who practice them reap more or less of a harvest. The employment agency is a
case in point which has been called to
our atention recently. A firm in Vancouver which has an office in the centre of the city, is engaged in prosecuting some work just a few miles outside
of town. On this work are being used
quite a number of workmen, and presumably these workmen come and go
as is usually the case where the conditions of labor are not of the best
and the pay none too large. To obtain a supply of labor the company
acts through the agency of the employment offices. These latter put out a
sign reading, men wanted, at so much
per day, etc. Each applicant upon
payment of one dollar is given, not a
job, but a recommendation for one,
which he is directed to take to the
office of the employing company a
few blocks distant. If he is willing to
take the sort of work offered he is
sent out to the job. In case he does
not get the job 75 cents is returnable
to him by the employment office from
which he purchased the recommendation. In this case the employment
office gets 25 cents for its recommendation, which proved to be no good.
That this petty imposition could not
be practical without the connivance of
employers goes without saying, and it
is a well known fact that employers
seldom connive unless there is something in it for them.
The lot of the worker is already
hard enough without being forced to
give up a dollar or any other sum in
order to get a job. While labor remains merchandise it is no doubt a
convenience to both buyer and seller
that something in shape of an employment office be maintained. Many
cities have long since established public markets for the sale of potatoes,
onions, cabbage and other farm and
garden truck, thus enabling the sellers
to avoid many impositions and incon-
vienences from which they formerly
suffered. It is high time that every
city of consequence had a public slave
market so that the seller of labor
power might avoid at least some of
the impositions now practised upon
him. The next session of the provincial windmill at Victoria might
make the necessary provisions without
serious danger to the foundations of
the British Empire. At any rate it
would be less harmful than much that
has been done in the past.
Best of Everything
IN  HOr-WEATHER   FURNISHINGS
Negligee Shirts, 50c to $1.50.
Underwear, every kind, 35c to J1.50.
Attractive Hosiery, 10c up.
Belts, all sorts af leather. 50? to f 1.00.
New Neckwear, just in, 25c to 75c.
Yaa ara Expected if Yea Waal the Bait
A purchase is not necessary when you
come here. This is a store where all are
free to come when they please, examine,
question and admire, ana go when they
please. 	
KILROY,  MORGAN  CO., LT0.
Successors to the Palace Clothing House
III Ceresva Street
Mnlock's Alien Labor bill was put
out of business by the senate. Valuable senate.
QUEEN ANNIE.
Miss Annie Carey, of this city, has
been elected as queen of the Labor
Carnival, to be held in Seattle during
the next three weeks.
Just why it becomes necessary to
ape royalty in these matters we do
not know, but Queen Annie at least
comes to her throne with no presump-
tious claim of divine right, but by the
suffrage of her people. Added satisfaction may arise from the fact that
her blood is undoubtedly red. there being no reasonable suspicion of any
taint which would tend to give it the
peculiar blue tinge usually attributed
to that of the ordinary royalty. P?»r
to her elevation to the throne Queen
Annie fulfilled the somewhat plebian
role of waitress in a local restaurant,
where she served the succulent steak,
and the gaudy "ham and," with an
easy grace that showed her well qualified to do credit to those court functions over which she was destined to
preside later on. She thus enjoys the
peculiar distinction of having at least
performed some useful service during her lifetime, something almost unheard of in the history of Queens before.
We feel sure her reign will be a
gentle one, unmarked by a single act
of cruelty towards her subjects of
the male persuasion. It would of
course be too much to expect such
gentle rule to extend to the femininity
of her kingdom. It will distinctly be
within her prerogative to deal as
harshly with her female subjects as
the opportunity may warrant. Being
a woman, she will no doubt take advantage of her opportunity, knowing
full well that with the end of her reign
and return to plebian life it will
never come again. May she return
to Vancouver at the end of her reign,
and resume her usual avocation with
the every-day queenly airs and graces
of those of her calling in nowise exaggerated, or enlarged upon. Even as
it is when we sneak into a hash emporium and are confronted by one of
her sex, of whom we meekly and modestly demand "coffee and sinkers," we
feel ourselves to be exceedingly
diminutive  "spuds."
Whenever it becomes necesary to
have a Queen, let such be, as in this
case, chosen from among the women of the working class. Long live
the queen so chosen.
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From London Justice we learn that
the Sanitary Inspector of Glasgow, at
the recent Sanitary Congress, reported having examined a large number
of beds such as used by the "'respectable poor" and found them to be stuffed with what is termed "common
flock," a compound made of "cast-off
clothing obtained from all ranks of
the population." The disease breeding qualities of such vile truck may be
easily realized. As some of the cast-
off clothing quite likely comes from
Glasgow's blue-blooded fraternity,
and the filthy habits, and loathsome
diseases which mark its conduct and
give its blood the peculiarly blue tinge
are well known, it should be a standing warning to the poor, either respectable or otherwise, to aviod sleeping on anything stuffed with their
cast-off duds. Better to sleep hanging
on a hook.
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The comrades who know me know I have no
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What is the best way to do this ?
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decided that the best way is to take into partnership
with me 5,000 socialists who are as earnest as I am.
With their active assistance I can do many times more
than I can now.
But, few socialists have any money to- invest'
Very well, if I can get the men I want I'll give
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If you want to know what the condition it, writ* me now
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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
• •      ■■ - .-
tMBBII      3UZs
Vancouver, B. C, Saturdav, September io, 1904.
SnbsrriptloD Price
1'kk Vbab
Sl.00
icidents of the Labor Day Celebration at the Provincial Capital
RADE OF COMMODITIES
DISPLAY OF TOADYISM
bor Day was celebrated in Vic-
on Monday, September 5th, with
■susl street parade of trade and
organizations interspersed with
|ts" intended to advertise not only
ent commodities and firms doing
ess, but also different kinds of
for   sale in the   great   labor
|et. Among the legends inscribed
lie various floats    were "Labor
|a Vincir and "We Respect Our
foyers as We Respect Ourselves,"
Tie legend which   astonished the
of this the most was one earthy  the    Journeymen    Bathers,
it Wc Have Well Hold."   From
Experience of the average "hold-
of barbers and other members
le working tribe,. we venture to
ft that this bold stand will not be
jly   attacked-     A   program   of
and contests was carried out
Re afternoon and  pronounced a
success.     At 1.15 a
Reception.
tendered Lord and Lady Minto
armory,    where for a brief
the common herd could gape
Is great man.    Not more Than
minutes   after the appointed
(the rattle and clank of the mili-
Irawn upon the outside and the
ig into statuesque  stiffness of
ard along the aisle and entrance**
inside of the hall, gave notice
approach of their excellencies,
|rh«n the band   strhek up that
Itful    antiquity "God Save the
we knew that the momentous
id come.   In another instant
r ordinary looking man with a
iy  good looking woman  ap-
accompanied by two   other
and made for the high scats,
4 noble array of non-producers
Ppcrsed Willi sky-pilots and be-
iwed officers were  already en-
■ed, so we assumed that this was
|,Our ears were then regaled with
Maple Leaf" by a brass band,
eir excellencies got into position
rhat was evidently intended for
"tine.    Then two sleek, well-fed
natives of the bourgeoisie ap-
Id and read an address alleged
from  the people  of Victoria,
after reciting a yard of titles,
(p with "May it please Your Ex-
ncy." and accompanied it with a
k, a bow and gesture that truly
esented   the   historic   characteris-
»f that class.   While the oily flow
Dneyed sycophantic flattery con-
fed in  the    address    was    being
|ed out, somebody whispered that
person    delivering   it   was  the
or of Victoria, and after its deli-
and His Excellency was pleased
(reply  our  impression   was   coned by His Excellency addressing
keif to the other fellow as "Your
ship."    His   Excellency   said   in
how glad  he was  that  Cana-
woutd still stand for this sort
ling.    Then a child    dumped a
let of flowers in front of Her Ex-
Incy  and   received  a   kiss,  after
th the companion of "His Wor-
f  called   for  three    cheers    for
eir Excellencies," which was res-
led  to by three of the  weakest
squeaks it was ever our pleasure
Isten to, and the reception so far
as concerned the common herd, was
over. A luncheon in honor of Their
Excellencies was afterwards served,
but we were not invited.
The Trades Council also tendered
a luncheon to visitors and guests, at
which about 300 sat down and thoroughly enjoyed themselves.
In the Evening.
The mass meeting in the City hall
in the evening was the only feature
of the day worthy of serious consideration by workingmen, and unfortunately the place where it was to be
held 'Was badly confused, being advertised in several different places, so
that many did not get tp it who otherwise would.v However, the somewhat
limited capacity of the hall was taxed
to accommodate the many who came
to hear the addresses relative to the
labor problem.
Mr. G- A. Coldwell, president of
Victoria Trades and Labor Council,
occupied the chair, and the following
gentlemen were on the platform to
speak: Joseph Martin and E. T.
Kingsley, Vancouver; J. D. McNiven,
M-L.A., Victoria, and J.' H. Hawthornthwaite, M.L.A., Nanaimo. Mr
George Downey, Vancouver, also
occupied a seat oh the platform. .The
chairman in a somewhat lengthy address, expressed himself as being well
.pleased with the successful celebration which organized labor in Victoria had that day participated,, in,
and w^s at some pains to express his
thankfulness and the thankfulness of
organized labor to the business men
who had so kindly granted this holiday to labor and had even helped
celebrate it. He wished that organized labor would become better acquainted with the business world to
the end that a better understanding
and better relations might come about
between organized labor and the business world. He then introduced Mr.
Joseph Martin, who would deliver an
address on "Labor Litigation."
Mr. Jos. Martin.
Mr. Martin complimented organized labor on its showing and expressed himself pleased to be able to
speak to them on the subject he had
in view. During the last few years
there had been most important cases,
especially in England, dealing with
labor brought before the courts. A
great deal of divergent opinion had
been raised among learned men in
connection with these. The first in
importance was Allen vs. Flood. This
was in connection with shipbuilding.
In this case two carpenters had done
in another yard some work usually
done by iron workers. When they
came to the new yard the subject oi
whether or not they should allow
these men to work on the strength of
their previous record arose. The employers were finally given warning by
Flood, the London delegate, that
there would he trouble if these men
were employed. The employers
therefore refused the two men work.
Action was then taken against Flood.
The case was appealed even to the
highest tribunal ia England, the judicial committee of the house of lords.
In this case the opinion of judges was
asked to be submitted. There was a
great difference of opinion. The decision though not unanimous, was that
Flood had not done a legal wrong in
giving the opinion to the iron company that there would be trouble if
these two men were employed. It
was held by Lord Watson that if the
men themselves and not the London
delegate bad gone and threatened a
strike that a wrong would have been
done. The principle was established
that ho labor men shall have the
power to go and work a legal wrong
against any man.
The next case alluded to was one
which had its application to all. This
was the Mogul case, in which rhe
Mogul Ship Company opposed
McGregor. The agents of the Mogul
company were instructed to act for
the combination only in the hope oi
securing the trade. Another rule was
that shippers who sent all their
freight by the line should get a rebate
of 5 pet cent, from regular rates. It
was manifestly intended that the com-,
bination was endeavoring to secure;
all the trade. It was held, however,;
that the combination was doing nothing except to advance its own interests. The law "lords held that the
combination was not doing an illegal
act although the acts were clearly intended to injure other shippers. This
Was a case which was always cited in
labor circles.
Another case, Quinn vs. Letham,
was usually regarded as against labor
men, but he thought this construction should not be put on it. As soon
as labor men or any class asked for
privileges to do something to advance
their own cause against other classes
the cause failed. This was a case in
which some man who worked for a
flesher had made himself obnoxious.
She fellow-employers went to Quinn,
e flesher, and threatened if this man
was not discharged Quinn would be
put on an unfair list or something/
Quinn refused to do this and the
union men went to a retail dealer
who had been accustomed to'purchase
from Quiaa and threatened not to
buy from him if he dealt with Quinn.
Tbe case was also carried to th*;
house of lords, who declared in favoff
of Quinn, holding that no combination of men could legally deprive a
man of his means of livelihood. This,
after all, was a fair decision if workingmen tid aot seek to get privileges
not enjoyed by other portions of the
community.
The last case was that of the Tas-
cott Railway Company vs. The Amalgamated Societies. In this the principle of taking action aganst an incorporated labor union was established.
Labor unions had been organized
to get redress from class privileges.
If labor men sought to get privileges
not accorded to others then they
would become obnoxious.
In the case of Giblin vs. the National Union of Labor of Ireland, the
officers of a union were held to be
responsible for the acts of the union.
In this particular case a man was not
only expelled from the union, but
practically declared not to be allowed
to earn a living on the earth. It was
decided against this course, the courts
holding that the union had gone too
far.
The Glenmorgan Coal Company vs.
South Wales Miners' Federation was
also cited.
Referring to two late cases in British Columbia courts, he held that
their yet being before the courts he
would not go into them to the same
extent.   These were the cases of the
Centre Star vs. Rossland Miners'
Union, and Mitchell vs. Wood. In
the latter it was held the case of
Quinn vs. Latham applied, and so
lie had argued in his presentation of
the cause. If differed only in that it
was urged rhat employers combined
to work injury to a workman by
means of a black list.
In concluding, he pointed out that
the way for labor men to advance
their interests was not to form another party but to throw their weight
into one party when they believed
this party would advance their interests. But the labor men should be
just as ready to throw their influence
with the other party when they
deemed they could profit by it. Labor
representatives were elected to parliament, but they did not remain as
such. The workingmen should take
a lesson from the farmers. They had
found it impossible to get what they
wanted by electing Patrons of Industry. Now the farmers swung their
influence with individual men. In
Canada there was a great bulk of nullities. What was the use of a man
who was always a Grit or always a
Tory? These men went up to vote
like sheep. A small, independent band
of men who voted either Liberal or
Conservative just as they thought was
the better for the time being, thus
controlled the election. That was the
way the labor men would best serve
their interests—by going back on the
party which went back on them, until
they got a party which would give
them what they wanted.
E. T. Kingsley.
E. T. Kingsley, of Vancouver, was
the next speaker. He Wished that the
workingmen understood all the
schemes worked upon them by the
business world, lt was the toil and
sweat of the workingman whieh gave
the business men all they had. They
did not need to thank the* business
men for any presents. They could
not give back to labor all they got
from it.
He acknpwledged that the laws and
the decisions quoted by the last
speaker were good according to the
law. But these decisions were given
from the standpoint of property. That
was the only thing considered. The
workingman must be considered as an
owner of property. The property of
workingmen was labor power. The
capitalists did not sell labor power but
bought it. They sold the products of
the labor power and derived a profit;
all that a workingman made above a
living wage went to swell the coffers
of the capitalist. The capitalists controlled the reins of government,, and
as long as they did the laws were
made to give them the control of the
instruments of industry. How long
would it take for the wage earning
class to get satisfaction by swerving
from one party to another, both of
whom stood for the perpetuation of
capitalist property? They would never
get satisfaction in that way. The
only way was the overthrow of the
capitalist system.
Profit was the motive power of industry today. As soon as profit ceased
industry ceased. Profit was something
got for nothing, and was theft. Wage
slaves were robbed every day of the
products of their toil.
Labor Day was given by the governing classes. It was not like the
First of May in the Old Land, where
the workingmen without asking permission, got out, gathered about their
leaders aad speakers and listened to
the doctrines of emancipation, and
walked the streets as MEN who asked
PROMINENT SPEAKERS
liMMafiiU
DISCUSS LABOR ISSUES
no one for the privilege, and not as
commodities advertising themselves
for sale.
Within these same 24 hours while a
splendid banquet was spread for tbe
wage earners, was another spread of
rich viands, and the class which sat
down to it never did a useful thing in
all their lives. At the banquet which
he attended given by Victoria workingmen he noticed that all present
were desirous to see that everyone
else enjoyed themselves, and shared
in air the good things provided. He
did not notice any workingman present who manifested any disposition
to hog all the good things to himself.
This was an object lesson to the
working class in general, who created
all the good things in this world to
work and act together to the end that
labor alone shared in what was produced and when that time came they
could truthfully hold up their heads
as became a nation of free men.
J. O. McNiven.
J. D. McNiven, M.L.A., read an address saying he hfd confidence in the
good judgment of the labor people.
He had every confidence that that
good judgment would lead to better
things. As years went by there was
shown a marked improvement ia the
cementing together of the working-
men. Labor Day parades were intended to awaken respect by all. The
past year had been- an important one
for organized labor. It had made advances during the year. Opposition
had naturally been met, but this was
disappearing. Labor men bad each a
duty to perform. As he commanded
the respect of his employer he advanced the interests of organized
labor. Members of trades unions
should not feel secure in the support of the union in doing wrong. It
should be remembered that others
have rights and that only in being
right was there security. There
should be more sound judgment and
fewer lockouts and strikes. An advance was being made in this. Capital
was also organized. With both sides
thoroughly organized the results
would be better. Strikes and blacklists would then become too terrible
to deal with. He believed that labor
men should take part in politics. He
was a labor man and a Liberal. He
believed the Liberal party would do
the best for the Labor party. There
were others who might believe the
Conservative party would do better
for the cause of labor. If so get into
that party and endeavor to make it
what you think it should be. The
labor jiien should make themselves
felt in whichever party they became
attached to. They should come to the
front.
He had nothing to do with the Socialists, but if the Socialists in the
house brought forth a measure in the
interests of workingmen he would
support it.
Reading the platform of the Dominion Trades and Labor Congress he
held that the workingmen had good
principles in that for which to fight.
There was too much shadow chasing among labor men. They should
get into politics.    Be citizens of the
coun.ry.     Nothing   was   gained by
. selfishness and class legislation. CI,
legislation may be got one   ses:
only to be nullified at the next
sion.
Making allusion to Socialism, he
said that he was sorry that this had
risen just at the time when trades
unionist was at its zenith. There
was danger of disruption, which Socialists had for their object.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite.
J. Hi Hawthornthwaite, M.L.A.,
said that the parade on the streets
was one of humiliation, showing as
it did the control which the capitalist
class had over the working classes.
The time had come when workingmen
were manifesting a disposition to
think and act for themselves and the
meeting here was a happy augury of
that fact. He was glad to fie ible to
do what he could to awaken the working class to their position'''id society.
Speaking of labor legislation he could
truthfully say that no man in Canada
had succeeded in putting more or such
important labor legislation through
the houses of legislation, and yet he
could not see where the condition of
workingmen had been materially bettered. The whole root of the'poverty
of the working people lay in the fact
that labor was a commodity subject
to the laws of supply and demand in
the labor market, and as long as labor
was held as a commodity in the
market only men bent on deceiving
would hold out any hope in the way
of palliative legislation. I know a
man here in the local house who
voted against an eight-hour law for
engineers in coal mines, and gave as
his excuse that white he favored an
eight-hour day he didn't like that way
of going about it... (A voice, "That's
McNiven"). He was satisfied that
anything he could do or any bunch
of individuals could do could not disturb the ironclad exactions of the
labor market. While trades unions
may have increased the wages to
some extent of those who were in
them he was satisfied that such increase was offset by worse conditions
for the rest of the working class. The
condition of labor was not ever growing better as asserted; on the contrary was ever getting worse, and it
was only a matter of time when the
wage market in British Columbia
would be in the same condition as that
of the more thickly populated and
highly capitalized communities of the
east.
The remedy lay in the united political action of workingmen along the
lines of their class interests, which
demanded the abolition of the labor
market and the instruments and tools
of production, which are now capital,
to be made working class property.
The meeting all through loudly applauded the Socialist speakers, the
cold comfort for the trade union proposition contained in Joseph Martin's
address and the miserable showing
made by their proclaimed advocate, J.
D. McNiven, no doubt tending to
swing the sentiment in favor of
stronger and more intelligent action
for workingmen than the trade union
movemet could possibly hold out.
VIGILANT POLICEMEN.
|r Tender Solicitude for Traffic Is
Highly Commendable.
lie Vancouver police are earning
as the great    conservators of
fie.    Their  tender    solicitude for
traffic    that    flows in  tumultous
(line past the corner  of Cordova
Carrall streets is touching in the
(■erne, and shows    them far from
jig the hard hearted wretches that
disposed    persons have painted
i.    This is the particular corner
which   the   "Salvation   Army"
Ivers    rude    jolts to his    satanic
lesty by means o[ the big drum
other loud noise producers, and
mild    eyed    Socialist    "chases
lows,"  and   indulges   in  "dreams
comfort his despair."
the    traffic    during    the    evening
|rs when such ceremonies are being
formed,    consists    principally  of
|estrians   passing   to   and   from,
ig nowhere in particular, and be-
[se they have nowhere else to go,
going there for no other purpose
lause   they   have   no   other   pur-
|e in going.   It does not take much
[interrupt such traffic, so it often-
|es becomes congested around the
fly's "big drum," or the Socialists'
sp-box."   To illustrate the almost
kllihle weakness of the easily in-
fupted traffic, it is only necessary
note that those engaged in carry-
I it on never complain at its mter-
1ea.    In the light of such help
lessness the tender and almost maternal solicitude of the police is commendable in the extreme. It has been
alleged that persons are in the habit
of standing around those corners and
decorating the sidewalks with landscape and other pictures in accordance
with the tenets of the noble art of
copious expectoration. This spitting
upon the sidewalk is a most disgusting and filthy practice, and in the interest of ordinary decency should not
be indulged in. The intent of the
city ordinance prohibiting it is good,
and should meet with the approval of
every cleanly disposed person. Although no city ordinance prohibits
spitting upon editors or policemen,
those who are slaves to the expectorating habit, or are professional ex-
pectorators, should not be encouraged
in using those worthy persons as a
substitute for the sidewalk, however
strong might be their inclination to
do so. These sidewalk decorators as
yet appear to be entirely of the mate
persuasion. This is at least one industry not yet invaded by woman.
The frequency of holdups in that
city has led the Chief of PoKce at
Portland, Ore,, to advise all respectable citizens to arm themselves and
shoot on sight. The other element,
including the police, are quite in the
habit of doing so without advices.
These piping times of prosperity are
doing much to develop the "strenuous life."
BEEF TRUST WINS
HUNGRY MEN LOSE
From the very first the gigantic
nicat strike was a contest between the
dollars of the beef trust and the stomachs of the laborers and their families.
It took but six weeks to starve the
workers into submission, and now,
with their families clamoring for the
necessaries of life the men are falling
over each other to get back to work.
The' union officials are endeavoring
to secure some sort of terms with the
packers, but the employers, seeing the
wild clamor of the; men for work, refuse absolutely to treat with the union
officials. Meanwhile the scramble for
places increases. It is thought the
strike will be declared off and thus remove all restraint on the union men.
The above from the Saturday Blade
of Chicago under' date of Sept. 3, presumably throws some light upon the
situation at Packing Town in connection with the meat workers strike.
Whether the outlook is exactly as set
forth matters but little, but it is beyond question that such a result must
be speedily reached, if not already attained.
As the Clarion has already remarked ia a previous issue these men were
beaten from the moment they went
out. Even a superficial glance at the
labor market and its conditions should
have been sufficient to point out to
any sensible person the futility of
striking.
The day of the strike and boycott
as weapons of any efficiency whatsoever i.s passed, never to return. The
time for the overthrow of the wage
system through class action by the
workers at the polls is at hand. Let
the workers be no longer led into the
bogs and quicksands of attempting to
buck an overstocked labor market,
but on to the solid rock of the class
struggle for the abolition of the wage
system.
As wc go to press word comes that
the strike has been declared off. Two
months of stubborn resistance to the
"merciless dictum" of an overstocked
labor market has proven of no avail
and the men are forced to acknowledge defeat. Whether they will be
allowed to return to work at their old
jobs or not will rest entirely with the
packers. Their experience has been,
and will continue a most bitter one.
It is sincerely to be hoped they may
SHUT DOWN AT NANAIMO.
The  Preas Neglected to Chronicle
Temporary Closing of Mine.
We learn  that    the    mines of  the
Western Fuel Co., at Nanaimo, have
been closed down temporarily. The
shut-down is expected to cover a
period of threp or four weeks. The
why and wherefore can best be determined when work is resumed. There
is often found to be method in that
which at first glance might be taken
for madness upon the part of the
modern    capitalist    concern.    As the
only excuse for Nanaimo's existence is
owing to the mine, the matter of a
shut-down even for a month i.s one of
much importance to that enterprising
burg. As we did not get our information from the columns of the Nanaimo papers, we are wondering how
such an important news item could
possibly have escaped those lynx-eyed
moral engines, the Free Press and
Herald. Can it be that their zeal in
the matter of news gathering is expended only in gathering such as
would in no way tend to "give the
town a black eye"? Perish the
thought.
have already learned from it enough
of fact to preclude any further attempts to accomplish the impossible.
May they become awakened to a
realization of the class struggle, and
become an active part of it to the
end of, at the earliest possible
moment, wiping out the capitalist
system and its labor market that has
dealt so harshly and brutally with
them.
Those professed Socialists who
delude themselves into the belief that
trade unionism and Socialism are in
some peculiar manner akin to each
other, should be able to draw useful
lessons from these disasters in the
"economic field." In the light of these
continued defeats they who are loud
in their denunciation of the "too
scientific," should "sing small."    He
who is not scientific, that is, equipped
with the cold indisputable facts, is
unqualified to promulgate the doctrine
of working class emancipation. He
will prove a shadow chaser, and a
follower of will-o-'the-wisps. Knowledge, science, fact, is the only compass by which to steer true to the line
of the class struggle.
The attitude of the Socialist Party
of British Columbia has met with
some criticism at the hands of those
with trade union and other leanings.
And yet the outcome of each successive conflict in the industrial field
emphatically confirms its attitude to
be the correct one, and therefore the
only one that can successful'** command the respect and confidence of
organized and unorganized labor
alike. y THE WE8TKBN CLARION, VANCOUVER, B. C.
sir
.1 I
The Western Clarion
j labor, wc find he thus supplied labor-
j time equivalent to that necessary to
, i produce a wagon, and got the wagon
in exchange for it-    It is quite evident
.1 the farmer was not swindled in pur-
_ .,. . _        . ! chasing  the  wagon.    As  it is  stated
Published every Wday morning,   ^     fc $     an<J  .o)d fm
ia the interests of the Working Class   -^    ..    .jr„Mmn-m .„• «,. „,„„ k*
alone, by The Western Socialist Pub-1 $'°- ths ******** or $55 must be
at the office Of *,n sotne wa>" accoaBKd  for
they remained at home until convert* i at the  Mansion-house
ant with at least the rudimentary facta   yesterday  with  having
before setting forth to teach the multitude.
GLORIOUS CIVILIZATION.
As the
Bshinr Co, Limited, -
the Universal Printing Trust, Flack j *o'e con of the wagon in the l«t»-
Block basement. 165 Hastings Street, | alysis must be paid for labor which
.Vancouver,   B.  C j alone produced    it.   acd    such    cost
amounted to but $15, while tbe wagon
sold for $70, the swindle if such there
was must have been perpetrated up~>n
thev who made it, and not on he who
Just  what beneficent    results
beer,  brought    about    through
police court
stolen some j
bread »nd pieces of fat. value ad., be-j
longing to the Corporation of Loo- :
don. William Wright, foreman of the)
street cleaning committee, stated that
on  Saturday    morning he saw    the | r;
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The WESTERN CLARION
Box 8j6,
Vancouver. B. C
on in Manchuria today. Some hundreds of thousands of men, actuated
by a spirit of ferocity tfaac would do
shown to be in excess of its true exchange value. Mr. Thompson makes
no effort to show this to be the cafe,
so it may be taken for granted that
$70 is rhe every    day    price,    which
means the true or correct exchange | credit to the most savage beast, are
value of the wagon. engaged  in   recklessly    slaughtering
When    the   wagon    manufacturers | each other    with  the most powerful
proced to do business they purchase
prisoner in  Ludgate-hill raking over'
hare i * dustrisn.   He saw him take from the
i receptacle some bread and pieces of
, ; tat.   Having cautioned him before, he
tunes of teaching of the principles of f gaTf h:rr into c^^j The bread sad
human brotherhood, "lovr your neigh- J the pieces of fat were the property of
bor as yourself,*' "do unto others as   the corporation.    Peterson said that
he waa hungry, and took the fat and
broad to eat.    The bread was clean.
I The lord mayor *aid that this sort of:
strikingly illustrated :n what is going | Ainf ^^ h\ stopped in tbe city. It|
-E»«y Loo.1 of Ike Socialist Party of B_C
5ou;d mo' a card aader t«» b>*d.
■oath      StcrrUnta plfa*f^5J£^
fl.oe  p"
ye  would  that  they  should  do unto
you," aad like beautiful precepts, are I
was not the value of the stuff taken,
but the mischief which was caused by
the disturbance of the dust receptacles
in tbe city. He fined the prisoner is.
or one day's imprisonment."*
Socialist Party of British Columbia.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Provincial executive committee: A.
R. Stebbings. John Dubberly, L. T.
English, R. P. Pettipiece, E. T-
Kingsiey, Vancouver; O. Lee Chariton, Victoria; E. S. Embree, Greenwood. Ernest Burns, treasurer; B.
Merrill-Barns, secretary. Box 836.
Vancouver, B. C. 	
 'E»ef7 Labor t'o.on in tbe provim*
rTted to place a card uader taw head.   iTJ* ■>
month.    Secretarial please note.
I"*
Per
United Brotherhood of CarpenhZ
and Joiners.. Meets every ^!?J
and fourth Wednesday i„ 7££
hall, Room 2. President. UmH
O'Brien; recording secretary LVk
Chaplin, zftao Manitoba t£2
Delegates to Building Trade, Co*
cil: P. MeMurdo, and Tavl*
alternate, Greenwell
803
Watch the label on yoor paper.
If this number is on it. your
subscription expires next issue.
labor power in the open market, as a
commodity. This particular commodity exchanges like al! others according to the amount of iabor-tirae re-,
quired for its production.   The own- ■
ers of it cannot successfully demand ,
a pnee m excess of its cost oi production in the face of a market that is
continually overstocked with 1:.   Tbe
average wage, therefore, closely approximates to the average cost of the
workers'  keep.    In  other  words  the;
daily  wage  is the  money  equivalent
for the amount of food, clothing, etc.,;
necessary to generate  a  days  labor
power.    In rhe case of tbe wagon it
Under rhe present system, for the   appears th*. $,5 worth oi food, etc '
wagon that coats *i5-CO to make the • was sufficient    to   generate   enough
farmer pays $70.00.   For  rhe binder   |abor power to make a wagon.   The
that costs &47-00 to make the farmer
must pay $125-00; for tbe fork that
costs 16 cents to make   the    farmer
must pay $1 jo.   Aad so on.    Because
There seems to be a sort 01 general■'
and terrible weapons and explosives | tendency    towards    a    d:sregard    of
Vajtcocvek. B. C. SarrsMBEs 10. 1904.
-SURFACE-SKI MMKRS."
Local Vancowrer. 8. P. of B. C No. 1.
Business meetings every Wednesday evening at 8 p. m. at headquarters Ingleside Block (room 1, 2nd
floor) 3U Cambie Street Educational meetings every Sunday even-
iag in Oddfellows' hall (jrd floor). |
SulKvaa    block,    Cordova    street..
that human ingenuity has been able j established property rights.    This is (     Secretary:    O. P. Mills,  box 836,
to devise.   The pleasing spectacle is j of course, most deplorable. While we •     Vancouver,
offered   of   a   land     drenched     with I had been  for  some  time  aware  that
human  blood  and  covered   with  the | such tendency existed upon this side |
Gasoline Launch. Length over all
malady would not spread to the other} M (V 9y 7 foot beam. Engine 1 t-a
parts of the empire. That we were \ horse power. Engine new. Boat been
doomed to disappointment is made, in water 6 months. Will sell engine
clear, by this ruthless and evidently! or boat separately if dewed
premeditated   assault     upon     vested
and RtinJ
Delegates to T. ft L. Council'^
D. Dobbin. J. McLaren ?' r
DeW'olfe, G. F. Adams and K n
Coffin. *•
Greenwood Miners' Union, NaT.7
W. F. M. Meets every SaturdJ
evening in Union hall. J. R. Rjtchi>
president; Ernest Mills, secretary!
treasurer. •
FOR SALS CHEAP.
bodies  of dead  and    mangled  men, | of the water, we were in hopes   the
enormous destruction of property, aad
a great flood of misery, suffering and
heartbreak spreading out over a vast
multitude  of  people    who    are  not
directly parties to the brutal conflict.
Who  are  the  men   thus  flying  at   n*hts in property, right in the heart
each  other*s    throats  in their    mad   •*" th« empire.   It is most horrible to
Enquire of Western Clarion,
P. O. Box a j© 313 Cambie St.,
Rosea 1.
(be private machinery trust must have
profit. Under Socialism, all machinery would be manufactured and sold
at cost Therefore the fanner could
get better machinery and more of it,
and thus his labor be greatly lightened aad its effectiveness greatly increased.   •   •••••
When a person makes purchase of
efforts to kill and destroy?   Who are I t*''Bk tb"» • British subject could be j
' so devoid of patriotism and so unmindful of the crown and its peace
and dignity, as to wilfully and maliciously lay violent    hands    upon  ad.
these men whose dead bodies lie
thickly strewn upon Manchurian soil?
Whence come they who thus destroy,
maim and slaughter?    They are the
worth of bread and fat which was
peacefully reposing within the pleasing confines of a dustbin. To add to
the heniousness of the offence, the
title to bread.
fact of the wagon, however, has nothing to do with the worker. He sold
his labor power to the employer re- , .
ceiving enough  in  return  to enable« vcry p,ck »D<I flow*r of th* *orfan»
him to reproduce it.   Had 40 wagons i P*0P'*» the so-called common people,
resulted from its expenditure instead j of Russia and Japan. Have the worker one the result would have been the; fog people of these countries ever in   clearlv vested in the Corporation of
same to him.   With his f is. he could • „,„„„ wnmBxd each „&„  „   London.   Well might the Lord Mayor
restore the energy or labor power ex- j     * * • m   declare that this "sort of thing must
pended. and thus have a supply on 1 ,a «V **P conducted themselves I ^ mam*** Should it be allowed
hand for sale again next day. The j each towards the other, as to give j to go c1l „Bchecked until the habit of
productive power of labor armed with j warrant or excuse for such inhuman " assaulting the dustbin had been ac-
modern  tools and  methods  is  sum-1 and      borriBk      sUngbter?      Most j quired by all the "poorly    dressed"
decidedly not   The first wrongful act   P**?5*-    th?    Tery J0™*"*™*. *
_^._    .. t ^. e   empire might have been undermtned
upon    the    part of the    workers of i 2^ lapsed into a night of
either country against the other was   black d<$pair   oninunlined by a bril
DID rou
Pass iato rhe High School or did you
fail? Well, it snakes no difference to
■a. In either case, you are far enough
advanced for business life. Aa old
millionaire once said: "Any youngster
who goes through Grammar School
aad eaters a business efface young, is
fat and dustbin was j hound to become rich aad successful,
if there is work sad ambition in him,
because by the time he is so years oM
and ia possession of all his mental
faculties, he is well versed in business."
Phoenix Trades snd Labor Coaanl
Meets every alternate Mondav
John Riordan. president; F.d*lri
Brown, vice-president; P. H. L»>
casse serreant-at-arms; W. H. Baa.
bury, secmary-treasurer, P 6 SZ
198. Phoenix, B. C. Im
Phoenix
W. F.
Miners'
( ciently great to enable the worker in
anything it naturally occurs to him, j one day to produce an amount of
that if be conld purchase at a smaller j wealth greatly in excess of that reprice be would be to the good to the j ?°*rej|    J° . keeo4 him for thf. *fj»   ^      •„ ,     .        . . .    «.«.« -„K-... —.—.«- -,	
.*. . ■ . length of time.   As a commodity his \ committed when those workers took «5-        n\T~   ^  —aiesties     imoerial
amount thn, savcL as against a high- , labor ^ wi„ „„ „ the mafket ■ arms „ ^ hMds for the woie ; ^9*mjm* *****,    impervU
DO MOT rOROBT
If you go to Vogefs you are sure of
a position as soon as you cast do the
work.
er price which he had perchance been
forced to pay. The matter is so extremely plain to him that he is more
than likely to acquire the habit of
Considering  himself swindled  in the
majority of cases in which he figures ! tween cost and sale    price    of    the
as a purchaser.    Not being accustom- I wagon is an instance.     The    entire
. ...        ,    -    -  ,   1 hi«hnesses,  lord    mayors,  lordships,
only at or around its cost of produc-   of engaging » this brutal war.    Ia   ^„bi       excellencies and other re
tion.     No    mater    how    great    the   *© doing they not only did a wrong- ! —aj- ~   people,
amount of wealth produced by labor   '"I act but, unconsciously   perhaps, i
ed to examine, or inquire into, that
which actually occurs in the matter
of buying and selling, he merely skims
tbe surface of things and quite easily
falls into the notion that be has paid
too much. Should the average person,    busily    engaged  in  the  "hur'y
, . -        ,        „      .      .        . . Tbe pcnalrv of  is. was too light,
in excess of its keep, it goes to the j committed a crime against themseives \ Jhe ^jjg  shoaW  have  ^ CQm.
employers   in  the  shape  of  surplus   and their class the world over.   Wars j     lM      -        n      - ^th bread and
value, of which the $55 difference be-   of conquest are merely for the pur- ; £   aa<J mw a r^^n^ maii car-
pose of extending, or rendering more i g^ uniform for the rest of his life
secure, the economic domrnion ofi.u c< for his wro      doi      „*
ruling class over an  enslaved class^ ,      fwaming to others that no dastard
The    struggle   between   Japan    and '
scheme of capitalist exploitation is
based upon the plunder of producers.
The wage slave is robbed as a producer under the wage trick, which
conceals the swindle that is practised
upon him.
The farmer does not sell his labor
1 power, but turns it into other com-
S modifies in the shape of wheat corn,
burly" of the competitive struggle for I and other fann products and sells
existence, fall into error because of , them. Here he runs up against a
•uch "surface skimming*' propensity, \ competitive market as does the wage
Russia arises from the desire ot the •
capitalist rulers oi each nation to I
extend their rule over other field! of I
exploitation. Each with an eye upon <
tbe same territory, a clash is bound .
to come. When the clash comes the
rulers do no fighting but depend
solely upon securing enough dupes to '
do it for them. By stirring np race |
prejudice, or prejudice of nationality.
band   would   be   allowed   to  profane
the dustbin.
SOCIALIST PARTY OF B. C.
PLATFORH
WW*w iwwaaj 'nvv       jatfiiiuiiiia^ a*« '-/^\-i».»s*v t     ; »  ..  - — —-——        0        I Jl      i_ 1 »*
h mav well be excused  for the verv I earner' and b* sorae mcans ""* I"*1*       u    y app**,!? . to.   Patriotism,   and   affirm
re may wen dc excusea. tor tne very     , c   .    .._... _. .. _ , other     hvnnrntiral     n»i>«r.      .h.. '*» »Um
.   . _    .    .      J clear to him he finds himself at the j owe*    hypocritical    pretence,    they
intensity of the struggle affords but j end OI- the year in mnch tfre same g, j succeed in arousing their dupes, the
little time for rhe development of j as the latter, having worked himself working people, to the necessary
those reasoning faculties which are and family like moles and all he has * P'tch of brutality and frenzy to go
absolutely necessary to enable him to j r<ccivf<» « return is a living and often | foftf* and kill or maim, while rhe cun-
go deep down beneath the surface and
We, the Socialist Party of British
Columbia, hi cooventioB  assembled,
allegiance to and support
of tbe principles aad program of the
international    revolutionary working
visa coMataAL coucsc
VwRCwfVtf, S. C.
a hard one at that
purpose. 1 be wage
earners and farmers are in much the
same boat.   They produce the world's
' wealth, out of which they are exceedingly fortunate to get a half-way de-
' cent living. Out of the enormous
amount  of wealth  they  produce  the
capitalist ciass and their henchmen, I the   Press-  thc  Pu!P'«  and  the   Pro-   of the product of labor.
supporters   and   hangers-on   live   in
comfort and luxury without doing a
ning and cowardly rulers remain safe
.     .... It matters little whether a man sells I at  **■**. 0«t  of   harm's     way.     No,
master the hidden meaning lying un- ; hjs |lhor powtr ffom <far tQ day for | fouler crime could be committed by I
derneath the transactions talcing place U bare living, or whether he expends I a work'nK man than to uke up arms [£,
between men, and in which he each I it in the production   of   other com-1 :n   *ucl:   a  cause,    for    whether  he
day figures as a factor ' mc^littes and  is  forced  to sell  them
He who would point out to his fe!- ' for ,he same ParP<>sc Tbe
lows, any wrongs that may arise from
an improper way of doing things,
should avoid being a mere "surface
skimmer" lest he fall into error, and
furnish another instance of the "blind
leading the blind" and both falling
into the "ditch.**
The clipping at the head
article has been taken from "Why
Farmers Should Be Socialists." by
'Carl D. Thompson, and published
without comment in the Vanguard of
August 1904- The entire article is
made up of equally valuable matter.
Mr. Thompson has. we believe, for
some time taken a more or less prominent part in the Socialist movement
in the United States, especially as
speaker.
If the farmer pays $70 for a wagon
by no means  establishes  the  fact
ESTABLISHED 1894
The VOICE
Tbs ammt Lahw Pssw la
Always a fearless* exponent ia the
rube*.
For one dollar the paper will be
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen of all countries will
soon recognise the fact that they
must support and read their labor
papers.
Imaed every Friday.
Ik Vate M&Ur- C*, Unte.
WINNIPEG, MAN.
Union, |fe. i
M. Meets every Saturda*
evening at 7.30 e clock ia Mianr-
hall. Wm Barnett, president, J©,,
Riordan. secretary.
Natusinao itinera' Union, Me. 177, 9
F. If. meeta every third Satnrii,'
from July a. Alfred Andrews, sres.
ident; Jonsthaa Isberwood. P 0
Box aio, Naaeimo, B. C, receri!
iag secretary.
The Uteraarfoaal Brotherhosd el
aTtocttital Werkera.-Local No. ni
Meets second and fourth Thin>
days at I. B. E. W. Hall, Room 3,
Iagiasidc Block. Pretidtat, J.
Dillabough; recording secretary^
Geo. P. Fair; fiaaacial secretary, A.
H. Sellar. Address all commaaiti-
tieos to the hall. All sojoursisi
brethren cordially invited.
SUBURB ^COUNTRY
The ««ly AaTinttarai Paatr
PaMsia«l ia a. C.
tUtasrVnv.
vTdtna.1 C.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor tt  should  justly  belong.    To
the   owner of the   means of wealth
production belongs   the   product of;
labor.   The present economic system*
is based upon capitalist ownership of
sans   of   wealth   production;
therefore  all tbe products of labor
knows it or not, the highest and best j belong to the e*p*»Kf»    The capital-
interests of the working class are des- ] ist is master; the worker is slave,
troyed.by wars of conquest, and not t    g^, k,,- — a^ capitalists remain in
furthered or conserved thereby. Every ' possession of the reins    of    govern-
working man who enters the military j m^ ^ji the powers of tbe state will
or naval establishments of capitalism   be used to protect and defend their
is a traitor to bis class, and an enemy   property   rights   in   the   means   of
of freedom and progress. How stands   wealth production and their control
WANTED—Special Representative in
this and adjoining territories, to represent aud advertise an old established
business house of solid financial standing Salary $21 with expenses advanced each Monday by check direct
from headquarters. ' Expenses advanced; position permanent. We furnish
everything. Address The Columbia,
630 Monon Bldg., Chicago, 111.
Attn Ses*. is, i*n a»»aenpt»«,s) pnre will w |t,
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Quotes the utterances of several hnaeiwl
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of  this    tap ol uic,u' work from the cradle to j
I the grave.
Both farmer and wage earner are *
; exploited as producers and aot as >
i consumers- Their exploitation is'
' made possible by virtue of the fact 1
; that the productive power of labor is '
I sufficiently great to enable the worker ,
j to produce, during a part of the work- '
; :ng time, enough  to keep him,    and |
lessor while this horrible slaughter is ; The capitalist system gives to tbe
going on in the Orient? Just as they 'Capitslist an ever-swelling stream of
stand at all times, and that is with I profits, and to the worker an ever-tn-
ears deaf to all appeals of humanity,
but keenly attuned to the chink of
coin that drops into their pockets in
payment for services rendered to the
ruling class in defending its swindling system of exploitation.
during   the   balance   he   car
surplus values for the class
st
that he has been in any manner swindled in that particular transaction.
Possibly he disposed of wheat in the
market thus obuining the $70 which
he subsequently exchanged for the
wagon. As Marx puts it: "The value
of one commodity is to the Talue of I
produce
that may *
. J have succeeded in placing itself in a|
; position to command his services. Let;
i them jrin hands to stop their exploit- ',
ation as producers and their consumption Of wealth will take care of itself.
creasing measure of misery and degradation.
Tbe interest of the working   class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist   exploitation by
tbe abolition of the wage system.   To
, , acomplish this necessitates the trans-
While  the  wholesale  tnurder goes   formation of  capitalist    property in
Prer«       .tr    islv    gathers   the means of wealth production into
' collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between tbe capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to
I hold; tbe worker to secure it by poti
on
nickels, not by endeavoring to stem
the ride of horror, but by turning its
ghastly details into a profit by copiously enlarging upon them, with that
lying unction peculiar to itself, and
acquired as a result of long experience as a panderer and prostitute
The farmer rnearu :s he who works I ',or fear of >*»<*rf™ng    with the en-
The   Professor is  discreetly  silent ; ^c*1 action. This is the class struggle.
his tarm. and n>>t he who depends up-
OO wage earners to do it for him. The
small farmer may employ hired labor i
at times but as a rule he is in a posi-
tion where he will be forced to sur-
reader the hide taken from such, to
the big capitalists who have him by
I the throat because of their control of -
other,  as   the   labor-time  t|eces- | ail  the avenues  of industry and ex- j
dowments.
Xo voice thunders from the Pulpit
in condemnation of these holocausts
of horror, nor dares unmask the thieving interests that lie behind them and
egg them on. This leads to the conclusion that the professed disciples
and followers of the Nazarene have
any
sary for tbe production of the one is j change.
to that necessary for the production       Happier would be the result of agi-
of the other."   The exchange in this 'tation  and  propaganda among both
instance would then stand as follows: I vage earn<Jrs and farmers, were those
'A given quantity of wheat equals $70,
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organise under the banner of the
Socialist Party of British  Columbia,
with    the object  of conquering the'
public powers for the purpose of set-;
ting up and enforcing the economic!
program of the working class, as foi-'
lows:
1. The  transformation,  as  rapidly
as possible, of capitalist property in
srbich in turn equals one wagon, because the labor-time necessary for the
production of each of these three
tilings was equal. It should be remembered that the labor-time referred to is socially accessary labor-time;
that is labor-time expended by means
of up-to-date appliances, and by up-
to-date methods, and not individual
labor-time, using out-of-date tools
and following worn-out methods.
ffaVesuming then that one farmer rais-
al the wheat by tbe labor of himself
tmd family without employing outside
who go forth to "preach the word" to
first take the trouble to inform themselves. They should at least know
something of what they are talking
about.
An occasional one afflicted with
mental laziness, or perhaps worse,
sneers at he who insists upon fact, as
being "too scientific." As science is
only fact, it would be difficult to realize how any one could be too scientific. Many thing are not what they
appear to be at first glance. Better
to go down into them and find out
what they really are, than to make
ones self ridiculous because of aot
knowing.
There are too maay "surface skimmers" ia the «eld   It were better if
either betrayed their master, or the I *• aw«ns of wealth production (nat-
story of that gentle soul that has been jural resources, factories,  mills, rail-
told to, and believed by millions, is a j
piece of useless fiction.
EMPIRE AND DUSTBIN.
Tho-c who have rej 1 in "Merrie
England" Blatchford's somewhat extended reference to the dustman, may
have considered it to have been written with intent to be either humorous
or sarcastic. That the dustman and
the dustbin play a very important 1 w<
part in modern civilization is beyond ! then-
question, and is altogether too serious 'mm?
ways, etc), into tbe collective property of tbe working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organisation and. management of industry
by the workers.
3. Tbe establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use in
Ben of production for profit.
Tbe Socialist Party, when m office,
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is abolished, make
tbe answer to this question its guiding role of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interest of the
clam and aid dm workers in
straggle against capital-
If it wiU the Socialist Party is
PRINTING
Every   phase   of   the   Typographic   Art  is
known and practiced in the  job department.
♦♦♦♦essssseeoooo
SEND   IX    YOUR   ORDER   IF    YOU
WANT UP-TO-THE-MINUTE PRINTING
♦♦*>♦•♦»>»»»»♦♦•♦
The Western Clarion
The Only   Labor Paper in British Columbia
lea HI "    -   g, g.
a matter to be treated lightly.    The . for it; if it will not the Socialist Party   fj
very close relation existing between
dustbin and empire is shown by the
following, clipped from a recent
issue of a London, Eng., paper:
"John Peterson, a poorly-clad man,
was charged before the lord mayor
abnohrtcly oposed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
ha its hands in such a manner as to
promote the into est of the working
United Hatters of North America
Whea you are buying a FUR HAT see to H
that the Geauine Union Label is sewed in >t- »
a reUiler has loose labels in his possession »«
offers to put one in s hat for you, do not patros-
•ze him. Loose labels in retail stores sre counterfeits. The genuine Union Label is perforated
on four edges, exactly the same as a postage
sump. Counterfeits are sometimes perforated ot
ttree of the edges, and sometimes only on twa
R«P » «barp lookout for the counterfeits. W
John B. Stetson Co.. of Philadelphia, Pa, is » #*
umoa concern.
f OHM A. If OFFITT, President, Orange, N. J.
*A»TI11_ LAWLOR Secretary, ti Warerly I**
■ow York [Socialist Party of B. C.
From Executive Headquarters
(PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE.
the Provincial Executive Commit-
met at headquarters on the even-
of August 23rd; A. R. Stebbings,
IT. English,    R. P. Pettipiece,    E.
fns, E. T. Kingsley and the Secre-
were  present.   A.  R. Stebbings
|upied the chair and the usual order
business was observed.
lorrcspondence was received from
lal Victoria and from Washington
le Secretary in regard to dates for
fcanizer Goebel of the U. S. S. P.
ianaimo    and   Ladysmith   Locals
Ing failed to assent to the propo-
hn of au engagement for Comrade
jjbrl, it was decided to engage him
{Vancouver on Monday (29th) and
[Victoria on Tuesday; and the sec-
fy was instructed to communicate
the  Locals, at these places    to
effect.
was estimated that the cost of
|e   meetings   would   be  $15.00   to
Local.
lie Committee on B. C. Party But-
reported progress and exhibited
ksign submitted    by    a    Chicago
|e which could be provided in gold
at the rate of 15 cents each. As
|ing less than a $75.00 order would
ccepted by this firm, it was con-
Jed too costly an expenditure in
present state of the Party's linan-
Locals   will  therefore   continue
|urchase buttons from our corn-
across the line.
}e Committee on Organization at
Westminster reported progress.
j discussion  arose over  the phe-
pnal growth of Phoenix Local and
jras   moved   by   L.  T.  English,
jided by E, T. Kingsley, that the
|cial records of this Local be pro-
at the next meeting.   Carried.
|>ved by R. P. Pettipiece, second-
E. Burns, that the correspond-
that passed through the secre-
hands in the spring, in regard
[hiding an organizer through the
country be also produced at the
[meeting, with a view to renew-
t»ur endeavors in that direction,
led.
B. M. Burns, Sec.
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, B. C.
the evening of August joth, the
Rncial Executive Committee again
rened. with a full attendance of all
^resident members.   R.  P.  Petti-
itee ocupied the chair.
tJHyespondence was received from
Br Thomas Mills, announcing his
lity to fill more than one date in
|h Columbia and offering in ful-
it of an old promise, to lecture
kneouver on October ist at the
j>f $10.00 and expenses.   On mo-
Ihe letter was handed over to the
jtary of Vancouver Local.
Anda, Ladysmith and Fernie
rote on place of convention, dues
Jeports.
Is for letterheads, ($5.00) and adding in Western Clarion ($4.00)
[ordered paid.
der unfinished business the sec-
produced the monthly report
hoenix   Local,  which   showed  a
growth from the beginning of
fear, until the July membership
ed sixty-seven members, with a
Idues of $20.00 paid to headquar-
luring the year.
animated discussion arose over
(lowing of these reports, and a
littee, consisting of E. T. King-
jmd R. P. Pettipiece were ap-
|s<i to act with the secretary in
tigating the reports of Phoenix
I. E. Burns and the secretary vot-
{gainst the appointment of said
littee.
production of a bulky roll of
jspondencc  in  regard  to former
ror of the Executive Committee
nd out an    organizer,    brought
I a protest from those members
did    not wish to go over old
rd at so late an hoiir, and it was
and   carried   that  the  corres-
knee be handed over to Comrade
Shorthand is totally different
j others. It only takes weeks to
[instead of months or years. It
Invented by practical reporters,
[reliable, thorough, and may be
pike print. The first three lessons
you to make private notes and
linth lesson brings you to cor-
|ndence.
Bona by mail are quite easy. .
►ewriting is taught by snail. We
jrd you lesson sheets to teach
lie correct fingering:—All the
|s (and thumbs)   on   the   Blind
System.
ite,   saying   the   machine   you
[or if we are to supply a new or
hand one, and what you can
to pay, from $40 to $150 for a
|ne. We do not let out machines
ie.
krthand   lessons $40 to comple-
I payable by instalments or $35
land Typing lessons by mail $20
Jmpletion,  but  payment  in  ad-
f, or $25 by instalments.
Iress the Secretary,
STUDIOS:
ria, (Over Imperial Bank), P. O.
Box 178.
Duver (Fee Block, Granville tt.)
P. O. Box Mr.
Pettipiece for reperusal, he to report
on same at next meeting.
J. E .Dubberly was added to the
committee on organization at New
Westminster.
E. T, Kingsley and the secretary
were appointed a committee to draft
a letter of instruction to be published
in the Clarion re the proper use of report blanks and other matters necessary to the successful co-operation of
Locals   and   Executive   Committee.
Moved by E. T. Kingsley, seconded
by E. Burns that any returns of the
vote for convention bearing the post
mark of September ist be accepted
as a bona fide vote by the committee.
Carried.
The treasurer reported $14.50 receipts since last meeting.
Adjourned. B. M. Burns, Sec.
NOTES.
"While we have met many fine
comrades elsewhere, we are frank to
say that the movement in British Columbia is clearer and more revolutionary than in many of the States." So
writes Comrades Mr. and Mrs. J. B.
Osborne, from their headquarters in
Oakland, California, where they have
returned after a prolonged tour
through the Northwest Pacific country. We want to be modest, but
that's just what we think ourselves,
Comrades J. B. and Amy.
* *   »   *
Goebel is a whirlwind. He can say
more words to the minute than any
other mere man I've heard. Words
worth saying, too, with the entire Socialist philosophy back of their pith
anil humor Mid slang. It is now revealed what the old prohibition party
has existed for—to train up workers
and speakers for the Socialist movement. Walter Thomas Mills is another.
* •   »   »
It is just possible that Goebel will
make a few dates in the upper country before he leaves the vicinity.
Thought it might be possible when
he was leaving Vancouver.
»   *   *   *
Phoenix wants Walter Thomas
Mills Unfortunately Comrade Mills
has announced that he will only be
able to give one lecture in B. G, and
that in Vancouver.
* *   *   *
-
"In case no Socialist candidate is
put up at an election is it allowable
for a member to vote for another
party?" asks a member. Not under
the B. C. constitution. What's the
use anyway? If the old capitalist System, with its hellish atrocities is to be
perpetuated, shall it be by the hand of
a class conscious victim of that system?   Surely not.
A MISTAKEN ALDERMAN.
Thieving la All Right If Done in the
Approved Style.
The following clipped from a London paper of recent date may be taken
as an indication of the felicitious circumstances surrounding a no inconsiderable portion of England's working
people, especially in the larger cities:
Louisa Butcher, 54, a widow, living
at Hatfield-street, Golden-lane, was
charged, on remand, at Guildhall, with
stealing seven boys' vests and three
vests, value £2 10s., from premises at
London-wall-avenue, the property of
Isaac Genese, trading as Genese and
Young, wholesale clothiers. The
goods, which had been pawned, were
recovered.— Prisoner, who pleaded
guilty, said she was almost starved,
adding, "I had to make 40 coats for
ios., and I can make a coat for you,
sir, for threepence. (Sensation.) I
got 3s. a dozen, and had to pay a girl
something for pressing them. When
I paid my rent I had scarcely anything
left, and I was nearly driven to desperation. I am sorry." Accused
broke down at this point.—A licensed
victualler stated that she had employed defendant as cook. She was honest and hardworking. Witness would
take her back into her service. — A
good character was given her by
others.—The Alderman said nothing
justified theft. Accused, however,
bore an excellent character; her son
would assist her, she had other friends
and there was a beneficient Act which
enabled him to bind her over in her
own recognizance of £5 to come up
for judgment if called upon. -The decision was received with prolonged
applause, which was suppressed with
considerable difficulty.
Of course this woman should not
have been guilty of being "almost
starved" upon such magnificent wages
as 3s. per dozen for making coats.
She might more reasonably have
been expected to have at least something of a savings bank account, had
she been properly frugal in her expenditure. Whatever sad features
may attach to the affair, however, are
somewhat softened by the fact that
the landlord was not defrauded of his
rent. As the vests were recovered,
and the culprit allowed to go under
suspended sentence, the outcome of
what might have been a tragedy, was
a most happy one.
Doubtless that accounts for the applause.
"The Alderman said nothing justified theft." It is a wonder where this
particular alderman has lived all his
life, not to know that the daily theft
of the products of labor by the capitalist class is justified by every law
upon the statute books, and defended
by every government on earth. As a
result of this wholesale theft there
follows those conditions that at times
make it imperative that individuals resort to petty theft in order to escape
starvation.
To avoid making similar bad breaks
in the future ■■the Alderman,, should
inform himself.
One of these days the workers will
put a stop to the daily theft of the
products of their labor, and the
thieves will not be let off under suspended sentence.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Editor Clarion: Last Taesday
evening we were accorded a rare treat
by a visit from Comrade G.H. Goebel,
a national organizer of the Socialist
Party of the United States, who is
now touring this section of the country. Comrade Goebel delivered a stirring lecture of fully two hours duration to a full house, and, judging from
the close attention paid to his address
must have left a deep impression behind him. His manner of delivery is
quite pleasing and entertaining, and
full of humor and good nature. His
sound reasoning, clear exposition of
the Socialist philosophy, sandwiched
in with brillant witticisms, and interesting anecdotes, certainly carried his
audience, and must bear fruit later ou.
The fact that a large amount of literature was sold that evening augurs
well, and is a promising sign.
HAROLD BURNETT.
Victoria, B. C, Sept. 2, 1904.
LADYSMITH CITY COUNCIL.
Unfair Methods in the Awarding of
City Printing.
Editor THE CLARION:
Ladysmith, B. C, Sept. 6.—At the
council meeting tonight it was decided to give the city printing to the
Ladysmith Recorder. Tenders were
called for and the Western Clarion
was the only paper that put in a tender, and the city council kept laying
it over till next meeting just to give
the other fellows time to have a sleep
and put in their tenders, or let them
see the Garion's prices. I heard a
sort of a buzz and I looked around to
find that it was a motion thrown
into a motor car, and rushed through
at lightning speed to give the Recorder the contract; it did not even
stay its speed to let us hear what he
was going to be paid for doing the
printing. I know it would break their
hearts to give the city printing to a
Socialist paper. They even appointed
a committee to hunt these printers up
and pray them to bid for the printing,
for fear we got it. I honestly believe
that they would have gone to New
York to hive the work done, rather
than we should have it. When you get
your Recorder next week just get out
your big scraper and scrape off five or
six feet of the advertisements and see
if you can see anything left worth
reading. I think that building where
it is printed is. very unlucky. The
Ladysmith Leader died a natural
death in it, and I see the undertaker.
is putting the finishing touches on
the Recorder's coffin. Never mind, I
suppose it is only for the remaining
part of the year that he will do the
work, then we will see if we can
tickle the next council to give the
work to some one more appropriate
for the job.
A communication was read from
Parker Williams, M.L.A., re the gv-
ernment wharf for Ladysmith. He
explained in his letter that he was
doing all in his power to get a wharf
for the city. He also said we would
have to wait for help from Ottawa.
Aid. Beveridge got up and said that
Mr. Williams had begun the negotiation for a wharf and he now is trying
to throw it on Ralph Smith. I would
like to call Mr. Beveridge's attention
to the communication Mr. Coburn received from Mr. Smith prior to the incorporating of Ladysmith. Mr. Smith
said that he could promise Ladysmith neither wharf, post office, nor
public buildings until it was incorporated. Now when that is achieved
lie is doing nothng towards it. Perhaps he is hunting up Hunter, Rev.
E. S. Rowe, Mackenzie King and
Giddens as a commission to investigate whether we need a wharf, or
perhaps lie will give somebody else a
chance who wants $40 per day, board,
wine, cigars, daily papers and lavish
wants supplied, including leather
cases and trunks.
That is the way the renowned Ralph
Smith does his duty to the class, who
sent him to Ottawa to represei.* them.
We have one Socialist member in
Victoria for this district, and as sure
as I am now writing, we will put in
another Socialist to represent us at
Ottawa: wc fooled them before and
we shall do it again.
GEORGE HANNAY
A TAME CAMPAIGN.
James J. Hill, president of the Great
Northern Railway, is being urged by
the Democratic leaders of Minnesota
to declare himself as a candidate for
the office of governor of the state.
Should he receive the nomination
there are plenty of workers in the
state foolish enough to vote for him
under the delusion that he can or
would further the interests of themselves or their class. That which Hill
and his tribe stand for is the continued enslavement of labor, and the wage
slave who votes for such not only
consents, but insists that the neck of
labor continues to wear the yoke.
Same is true of those who vote the
Republican ticket.
"Many a man thinks that it is the
goodness that keeps him from crime
when it is only his full stomach. On
half allowance he would be as ugly
and knavish as anybody. Don't mistake potatoes for principle."—Carlyle.
The campaign in the United States
leading up to the coming November
elections promises to be a tame one
in so far as the two old parties are
concerned. Between the announced
policies of the Republican and Democratic parties there is not enough of
difference ta stir the rancor that
springs from intense partisan warfare. As capitalist interests are
equally safe in the hands of either
Roosevelt ar Parker, there is little to
cause a loosening of the purse strings
upon the part of the great corporations, for purposes of a campaign.
The situation bids fair to resolve
itself merely into a struggle between
two faction* for the purpose of controlling the offices in the interest of
individual ar party graft. There is
little behind such a struggle to command large sums of money for campaign purposes. The one-time aspirations of a powerful class of small
property owners as expressed in the
free silver aad similar movements, no
longer command sufficient attention
and respect to force themselves into
the form of a political expression.
They have been relegated to oblivion
by the resistless forward march of triumphant big capital. No political
party standing for the present system
of property can escape the domination of big capital, or avoid giving
support to its entire program. With
the Socialist Party the most intense
activity will be in evidence. With
little means at its command in the
way of funds. It will, nevertheless,
carry on a vigorous campaign, by
virtue of rhe fact that it is the expression of an economic interest
whose conception of property is not
only in line with human progress, but
its application to the affairs of mankind absolutely necessary if further
advancement is to be made. Being
the expression of a live issue its
activity will not depend upon cash
payment to hired spokesmen, nor
lavish expenditure for brass bands and
booze.
Eugene V. Debs opens his campaign at Indianapolis, Ind., on September 1st, and from that date until
the day of election there will be something doing, by an army of speakers,
agitators and individual workers
throughout Uncle Sam's domain.
The forecast of the Socialist is in a
fair way to be proven correct in the
very near future. It is difficult to see
at this time what possible excuse the
old line parties can offer for a separate existence from now on. The
Socialist has repeatedly predicted that
the rising Socialist movement would
eventually compel them to throw
aside all pretense of enmity or difference of opinion and unite for the purpose of defending the capitalist citadel against the onslaught of an awakened working class. That the Socialist vote in the States this fall will
reach to figures that will compel such
action upon their part seems to be
reasonably certain. Once the Socialist vote reaches the dimensions
necessary to force such an alliance,
the inauguration of the most bitter,
fierce and uncompromising partisan
warfare takes place, that this world
has ever seen. But it will not be of
long duration. With the hypocrisy of
sham and pretense stripped from the
Republican aad Democratic parties so
that tbe working men may look upon
them in all al their naked reality, as
merely the instruments of a conscienceless ruling class whereby it
perpetuates its rule and robbery of
Labor, they saay be safely trusted to
make short work of their repudiation.
After centuries of enslavement the
day of Labor's emancipation is dawning. The result of the November elections will f«r«ish strong proof of it.
The chief occupation of the members of the business world is doing
each other up. The workers are done
up to start with.        v
The Pennsylvania Railroad has
made the most sweeping reduction in
the time of the men employed at the
Altoona shops, since the panic of
1893. Employees of the machine
shops were notified that they would
be divided into shifts, each shift to
work every otlier day, eight hours to
constitute a day's work. One shift
will work Mondays and Wednesdays
and the other Tuesdays and Thursdays. The remainder of the week the
shops will be closed down entirely.
W A WORKING TOOL
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained.^
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the information sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, Bays: For the teacher, the pu-
Sil, the student and the litterateur, there
1 nothing better; it covers everything.
The New and Inlawed Edition reoently issued haa S5.000 new words and phrases, a completely revised Biographical Dictionary and
Oaietteer of tbe World, 3380 pages and MOO
illustrations.
Our name is on tbe title-pages of all~the
authentic dictionaries of the Webster
Out   Victoria Advertisers
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
All the News of All the World for AU tbe
People all tbe Time.
HAROLD BURNETT, Newt Agt.
Victoria General Agent tor Tint
SKATTLK TIMES
PORTLAND OREGONIAN
SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE
SAN FRANCISCO EXAMINER
LOS ANGELES EXAMINER
LOS ANGELES TIMES
CHICAGO EXAMINER AND AMERICAN
NEW YORK AMERICAN AND JOURNAL
HEARST'S BOSTON AMERICAN
PENNSYLVANIA GRIT
Also bandies 'Frisco Sunday Call and N. Y.
Sunday world.   Prompt and regular dally delivery service to subscriber*. Leave word with
any news dealer.
f. 0. Bex 444 VICTORIA, I. C.
SCOTT &   PEDEN
». i aad 7 STORE 5TR8HT
Importers snd Dealers ia
FieUR, FEED NAY ANO GRAIN
Him, laces, Butter, Eiii, Vtfftabm
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ALL   WORKINGMEN
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Are von needing anytnlng la Clothing
or Men's Fnralsbliga, HaU. Cape, Overalls, etc.  Use, ace
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17 Johnson St,
Victoria, B. C.
C0MRA0ES. strike at the Ballot Boa
on Election Day, and be sure to
strike the
Rock Bay Hotel
When in Victoria
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M Johnson St., Victoria, B. C.
MIIR-MAIC MCM AH CAICS
Delivered to any part of the city.  Ask Drive*
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Patronize   ClarlM  AtfvertUtrs
LET US SEND YOU FREE
"A Test la PienaaeUtiaa" which affords a
pleasant and Instructive evening's entertain,
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O. * C. MKKKIAM CO.. Pubs., Springfield,
A DRUGLESS CURE
ran wow eyes asp thos smews
Every person having weak eyes suffers more er less
from reflex.
The weakness in some eyes is not manifest in the eye
itself but by reflex symptom tit the more remote parts
of the body. Such as dyspepsia, biliousness, gastric
trouble, constipation, dizziness, etc. Nearly all forms of
headache and neuralgia are the direct results of eye strain
or muscular trouble. You have tried drugs, and at they
failed, you believe there is no cure for you.
Now, you are in error, as we can prove by tbe thousands of unsolicited testimonials received from ail parts
of Canada, and can prove this to you ia your own case
if you will give us a chance.
Most patients who come to us as a last resort have
been cured by the removal of the cause, "eye strain."
You can also be cured if you will come. All we ask
is a fair chance to prove what glasses will do when compounded by us. It is reasonable to suppose that when no
organic disease exists there should be no dyspepsia, constipation, biliousness, dizziness or any other trouble, and
there would be none if the eyes were normal and able to
perform their functions of seeing without strain.
If you have tried medicine without results, your symptoms cannot be the results of disease. This proves conclusively one of two things: That your trouble is either
caused from your eyes, or that there is nothing in the
science of medicine.
It is a well known fact among eye specialists that
eye strain produces nervous exhaustion, and as our life
depends upon our nerve supply, you will see what effect
nerve leakage will have upon our health. Take nerve tonics to build up your nerves? But how is that possible »f
the nerve exhaustion is in excess of your restorative? It
is no criterion if you have consented and had glasses from
twenty oculists and opticians without results. Optometry
is a young profession, and few men in Canada nave had
the experience and training that our specialists have had.
We are teachers of the highest branch of optometry, we
can diagnose your case, describe your symptoms from an
examination of your eyes without asking you a question
or obtaining a history of your case.
Each department of our eye institution is in charge
of a competent specialist. To obviate delay and possible
error, we are installing a perfectly equipped Lens Grinding plant.
Our Dr. Ure will have charge of the prescription department, and will inspect all glasses that we turn out.
Dr. Jordan will continue in charge of the Clinical Department, where all complicated cases •will receive his
personal attention.
The Great West Optical Co., Ltd.
334 Hastings Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dr. Jordan, President
Dr. J. G, L'rk, Secretary
The Socialist consistently claims to
be the only advocate of peace on earth
to-day. It was only such a body as
The International Socialist Congress,
in recent session at Amsterdam, that
could be expected to unanimously
adopt the following resolution as pro-
proposed by a French delegate: "At
this moment, when Tsarism is stricken by, war, the Socialises here greet
the Russian and Japanese proletariat,
sacrificed and massacred by capitalism and governments, and rely upon
Socialists everywhere to oppose by all
means in their power the extension or
continuation of the war."
To the 30,000 strikers and locked out
workers in the building trades in New
York city are to be added 25,000 stone
cutters, derrickmen, engineers, painters, pipe and boiler fitters, house movers, etc. These additional men are
expected to be at any moment called
"lit. They have voted to lay down
their tools when called upon by the
committee in charge of the strike.
According to Labor Commissioner
Ratchford, of Ohio, the average weekly earnings of the woman wage workers in the large cities of that state are
$4.83 and their living expenses $5.23
per week. How it is made possible to
exist upon such a miserable pittance
and overcome this weekly deficit besides, is a story of degradation, misery
and shame, which would require the
pen of a Dickens, a Hugo, or a Zola
to portray. Poverty, with its attendant evils, among the working class is
the corner stone of our boasted modern civilization. Profit, the breath of
life to capital, can be obtained at no
less cost.
Judge Hardy of Boston, Judge Lud-
wig of Milwaukee and the Court of
Appeals of Illinois, have rendered decisions that a contract made with a
trade union to employ only members
of unions is null and void upon the
ground that such contracts tend to
create a monopoly. Good bye; closed
shop, good bye! ,-
THE WEST1BW CLARION, VANOOPVEB, B. 0.
h
il
«
M
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
of reading matter. Try our book
exchange. Return two old books and
receive one new one.
E. GALLOWAY
VANCOUVER. B. C.
It aad 14 Arcade..     316 Abbott Street
Mail orders promptly attended to
CREDIT SHOULD BE GIVEN.
No One Should Steal the Products of
Mr. Gompers' Genius.
There comes to hand a circular
from the American Federationist, the
official monthly magazine of the American Federation of Labor, replete
with gems of "purest ray serene"
garnered from the editorial droppings
of Samuel Gompers, as well as
choice "tit bits" from lesser lights
in the firmament of "organized labor."
The request is made in the circular
that publications reproducing any of
this matter "give credit for the same
V> the American Federationist." Wc
f.sten to comply with the request by
hjving credit beforehand for the following specimens. In thus taking
time by the forelock we do so for
the purpose of self-protection. Not for
a large sack of "simoleons" would
we do anything, Or leave anything undone, that might give grounds for
suspicion that these specimens originated any nearer the Clarion office
than the stone age or the sanctum of
the Federationist.
* *   * ■   ' •
SPECIMEN i.
Just Sawing Wood.
Q.-,Mr. <Gompers, do you think that
the nomination of Mr. Roosevelt has
been received or will be received en-
. thusiastically in labor circles throughout the country?
Q. Do you believe that the promises
of the "full-dinner pail" made by the
Republicans four years ago have been
fulfilled?
A.:I prefer not to answer your
questions. I am engaged in trying to
Organize the workingmen of the
country for the purpose of protecting and promoting their industrial
.and their economic interests. The
whole history of the labor movement
demonstrates this fact* that the more
closely we adhere to ihe policy of
keeping the trade union movement
free from partisan bias or influence,
;i*he more permanent and successful
do we become. I shall, therefore,
fduring this campagin, continue to
devote my energies to the work out-,
lined by our movement
The success of the labor movement
does not depend upon a political party
.or a political campaign. Its work is
not confined to a brief period every
four years, but is carried on day after
day and year after year.
If the workingmen while exercising their political privileges and
rights will free themselves from partisan domination and adhere more
closely to the movement for the
maintenance of the rights which they
have Achieved, and the attainment of
further rights to which they are en-
Wed, the better it wi|l be for them
And the country at large, and these
can be the best secured by the American Federation of Labor, as such,
abstaining from partisan political
action.
* *   *
The "I prefer" and "I am engaged"
should leave no doubt in any person's
mind as to who. at least in his own
opinion, cuts some "ice" along about
the present time, but just why the "I"
should be changed to "we" when it
comes to referring to the policy of
keeping the trade union movement
out of politics, and attaining permanency and success, is not altogether clear. The more successful
"I" may be in accomplishing this, the
more "permanent and successful" do
"I" become. Permanent as a valued
labor-lieutenant of capitalism, and
successful in keeping my shins under
the mahogany along with the high
pirates of Mark Hanna's Civic Federation.
Just what those "further rights"
are to which workingmen are entitled
"I" fails to state. That none may fall
into error the courts have been busily
engaged for some time in defining the
rights already "achieved," and the executive arm of government has been
equally busy in giving emphasis to
them. "I" could not have put 'his foot
in it much .worse had he answered the
questions instead of fulminating. As
a blower of his own "tuba" "I" is no
novice, but in case it should escape
the hearing of those in the outskirts,
a capable assistant comes to the
rescue in the shape of C. L. Baine,
whose pronouncement is here given as
L ■'«.    fiv;i
& CO.
5 Second Bwd Qealers. ::
Largest and cheapest stock of
! Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom Chains, Augers, Loggers' |
[ Jackets, etc.
['     Must reduce stock in next sixty $i
»I       _  ^
Remember the place
101 Powell Street
1171      Vaacaavar, B. 6. !
SPECIMEN 2.
No Labor Day reference to the progress of the American labor movement is complete which does not
recognize the invaluable services of
its president, whose fearless leadership, unimpeachable and rugged integrity, mark every step of its progress for the past twenty years, and
whose life has been dedicated to
righting the wrongs of the workers.
* *    *
This blast will no doubt cause a
vibration of the tympanum of the
hard-of-hearings ones,that will compel
them to give attention to the great
"I" and acknowledge him to be par
excellence as a righter of wrongs
while the working class waits.
The fame of the mighty one thus
made secure and heralded forth, along
comes the advocate of a "higher harmony'' in the person of Prof. John
Bascom,  who  furnishes,  as  follows:
SPECIMEN 3-
"The satisfied workman is more
generous of effort than the unsatisfied one. Workmen, as well as employers, need to grow into a higher
harmony. If they do not, they cast
doubt on the entire    method pursued
by them."
* *   *
This is so decidedly short, sharp
and to the point, that its meaning will
be grasped by the most obtuse, and
employers and employees will no
doubt begin to grow into a "higher
harmony,'' like weeds in a garden, as
soon as they hear about it. It is to
be hoped that Prof. John may establish colleges of the cult for the purpose of encouraging the growth.
To prevent any tendency towards
pessimism one A. F. Liebig comes
along with a most happy and consoling poultice in the shape of the following, which is  offered  as
SPECIMEN iC      .
"Even though judges grant injunctions, even though a state is- placed
under military rule through the tyran-
nicar combination of a governor and
the mine owners, to prevent the passage of the eight-hour bill, and men
are deported from their homes, yet
the potency of organized labor is
unimpaired." . -.,
Some doubt arises as to whether
this was intended as a joke, or it has
been made to appear as one because
of a printer's mistake. Should it have
read impotency instead of "potency"?
If so it would have a serious meaning.
Otherwise it is positively laughable;
Again we give credit to the Federationist. We should feel unfit to associate with honorable sheep thieves
were we so lost to self-respect as to
print such stuff without telling where
we got it.
IN SUNNY FRANCE.
Dastardly Outrage on the Working
People Meets With Resentment.
At' Keiz, France, the workmen in
the various factories were on strike
during the months of June and July.
The cause of the strike was the discharge of seven men for agitation
against the capitalist system of robbery of the workers. Quiet and good
order was maintained by the strikers
during the entire period of the strike.
In the latter part of July some sort of
settlement was made and the men
were to return to work. A huge demonstration and parade was indulged in
as a sort of jollification over the conclusion of the strike. The workmen
carrying red flags marched through
the streets, and while passing the
largest factory in the city were suddenly fired upon from the factory
windows. Three men were killed, and
fifty wounded, including some women
and children. This, of course, drove
the workmen almost to a frenzy, and
they proceeded to demolish and burn
the factory and adjoining houses also
belonging to the same concern.
Troops were at once called and order
restored. Four sons of factory proprietors were found in the basement
of the factory, along with a large
amount of ammunition. These men
were promptly placed under arrest.
One of the killed was but 18 years of
age, and the only child of a widowed
mother. The mother fell in a faint
when informed of his death and after-
terwards became insane.
Demonstrations in Paris and elsewhere were attended hy thousands of
workmen, who voiced their protests
against such brutal acts by resolution
and otherwise.
That such brutalities will continue
to be practised upon workmen so long
as the present system ef property
ownership in the means of wealth
production lasts goes without saying.
That the French workmen are
rapidly awakening to the need of
revolutionary action that will oust the
capitalist class from control of their
means of subsistence, is evident to he
who takes any notice of events occurring in that country. Already the
Socialist vote has assumed enormous
proportions, and considerable numbers of men have been elected to the
national parliament, and the movement of the workers along this line
is becoming more intensely revolutionary each day. The French prote-
tariat is within easy reach of the day
when it will hoist the red flag of labor
above the nation's capital and proclaim the Workers' Republic.
A SUCCESSFUL MEETING.
Large   Audience   Greets   George H.
Goebel at City Hall.
Fully four hundred people gathered
in City Hall, Vancouver, on Monday
evening, August 29, to listen to Comrade Geo. H. Goebel of Newark, N.J.
Comrade Goebel is one of the National Organizers of the Socialist Party
of the United States, and is a ready
and fluent speaker. He possesses a
happy faculty of being able to intersperse his arguments with story and
anecdote in such manner as to entertain his audience'and hold its attention to the end.
The following account of the meeting we clip from the Vancouver
World, of August 31:
The City Hall was well **illed last
night for the first political meeting of
the season. The Socialist Party, while
not yet having nominated a candidate
to contest the approaching Dominion
election, has commenced an educational and propaganda campaign that
will keep its members busy for the
next few months.
"Comrade" George H. Goebel,-organizer and lecturer for the United
States Socialist Party, was the speaker, and proved an entertaining and
effective champion of the political
faith he represents.
The chair was occupied by E. T.
Kingsley, editor of the Western Clarion, while R. P. Pettipiece, T. Mathews, J. R. Johnson, Chas. Vincent,
L. T. English and others occupied
seats on the platform.
In opening his address the speaker
arraigned the present industrial system-on several charges, the first of
which was that it had taken him when
a child of nine, along with thousands
more, from the school-room and placed him in the workshop, thus cutting
him off from educational facilities that
are provided for the more fortunate
children of the land.
Another charge against "the system" was the division of the working
class into warring factions, thereby
blinding the eyes of its members to
their real interest or to the real issues
of the day. "The common interest of
the working class is learned by crossing the line. There is no such thing
as nationality in the final analysis of
the working class movement," he declared.
Briefly and pungently he dealt successively with those opponents of Socialism, who he variously labelled
"The can't-.do-it fellows," "Socialism-
is-anarchy idiots," and the "It's anti-
religious crowd," showing the ignorance or misconception upon which
each fallacy is based.
Coming down to the political issues
of the hour, the lecturer stated that
the Socialist Party did not promise
to "do things" for the working class,
because until that class was intelligent
enough aad brave enough to win its
own freedom, it was not intelligent
enough or brave enough to keep it
when once it had won. .
From the fact that the battle between Labor and Capital had never
been so bitter, so fierce as today, he
argued that the victory was in sight.
The method of producing wealth
had been completely revolutionized;
its method of distribution must be
changed also in order to produce harmonious relations between man and
man.
Labor-saving machinery, the trust,
with its giant productive capacity, is
not wrong, but right—not a menace
to society, but a safeguard. Its only
objection is not within itself, but its
ownership. What men must use together in order to live, must be owned
Best of Everything
IN  HOr-WEATBER   FURNISHINGS
Negligee Shirts, 50c to f 1.50.
Underwear, every kind, 35c to fi-S°-
Attractive Hosiery, 10c up.
Belts, all sorts •( leather, 50c to fl.oo.
New Neckwear, just in, 25c to 75c.
Yaa ara Expects* II Yaa Want the Bast
A purchase is not necessary when you
come here. This is a store where all are
free to come when they please, examine,
question and admire, and go when they
please. 	
KILROY,  MORGAN  CO., LTD.
Successors to the Palace Clothing House
III Canton Strut
C. PETERS
Practical Baat
aad Shoe Maker
Haiid-Madr Boots aud Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neat
ly done.    Slock  of staple ready-made
shoes always ou baud.
S4SI Wetts-iaster Ave.     Must ttttu-t.
J. E»WA»» Bl»D. A. C. BlYDOlUACR.
(i«o. K. McChomak.
BIRO, SRY00NM8K A McCRPSSAN
BARW8TM8, SOL1CITOB8, KTC.
Railway Block.   Tvl. S».  P. O. Bo* Htt
431 Kwtists Stmt     -    Vsacsever, I. C
Ekctr* lagietic hstitite Si&'-ViS
and Vit»opatbic Treatment   Brlnamead Blk.,
Cordova Street,    'Phono MSB.
For a Union Express
Call on Heywood Bros.
Telephone   1-3-54
together. The preparatory work of
Socialism was being accomplished by
the trust. The industries that were
centralized and concentrated need to
become the property of the government, and the working class to gain
control of that government and the
trust would fulfill its mission of usefulness to mankind and become the
liberator of the people.
"The corporations do not break the
law," said Mr. Goebel. "On the contrary they hire the slickest lawyers to
keep them within the law. If they
find there is danger of encroachment
they just move the law out a little to
one side."
In passing the lecturer paid a high
tribute to Prof. Walter Thomas Mills,
who is the next speaker in this series
of meetings, declaring it had been said
that Prof. Mills was one of the five
greatest orators in the world today.
He did not mention the other four.
W. W. MONTELIUS &
Wholesale and Retail
Piano Dealers
The company owaiag a certain mine
in the States issued orders on July 2
"that all underground workers would
be obliged to go stark naked between
the change room and hoist, in going
on and off shift." The men would not
stand for it and went on strike. It
is painful to note how arrogant
and unreasonable these working men
are getting any way. The militia
should have been called out at once
and these slave* taught to comply
with such a manifestly reasonable request upon the part of their masters.
When workers eat have their bread
and butter cut oaf for refusing to go
naked it clearly establishes the fact
of master snd slave.
Things are reported dull at Greenwood. The Boundary Falls smelter
is still idle.
On September 7, the striking butchers at St. Louis decided to abandon
the strike, by a vote of 1,76b to 511.
The condition of the market was too
much for them.
Labor Bay was celebrated by 3,000
"Independent Werkmcn" at Cripple
Creek, Colorado. They were ably assisted by army officiate and the local
militia.
Vancouver  Co-operative  Association
532 Westminster Avenue
POSITIVELY The BEST BREAD IN The CITY
Telephone 1734 f. J. Andrews, secretary
A lliian Shop aad Eifcrs. d by Every Laioa m VaicMver
COMRADE
?i~N IIXVSIRATED
SfK"Mii\?  Rt'V K'VV Ol   Rl'V't'W,
at n n3inv*  j«i> i
'iTi jO sw&a tl di'l
i t tailed
CONTENTS FOR SEPTEMBER.
Review ef Current Events, by F
Be a Socialist and a Catholic? Pa-tr
Belfort Bax. Campaign Fund Source
Leaders on Old Party Tickets, Gom
Decline of the Birthrate. Herman G
Incensed Whitmanite. The Executi
Size Portrait of Hanford, by A. A. D
page Cartoon by Rata Langa. Port
Tolstoy, Plechanotf and Tchechow.
illustrations.
The Comrade is published month
copy. We canao't send free samples.'
scriptlotts—three recent numbers an
cents. Beautiful life-size portraits of
ed on fine paper, will be sent free w
paper is mentioned.
COMRADE CO-OPERATIVE CO., n COOPER SQUARE NSW YORK
ranklin H. Wentworth. Can a Man
iotism, Its Growth and Outcome, by
s. The Strike Breakers. Labor
pe*s' Scheme Doesn't Work. The
reulich, Pioneer of Socialism. An
on of Russia's Arch Criminal. Life-
ahme. All for One, One for All. Full
raits of Bebel, Jaures, Greulich, Watts
Many other articles, cartoons  and
Iy. Price, $1.00 per year; 10 cents per
but Will accept six months' trial snb-
d three forthcoming numbers—at 25
Debs and Hanford, separately, print-
itk each  yearly subscription  if  this
WILIAHAVE SOMETHING TO SAY OF
INTEREST TO EVERY WORKER'S
HOME, IN THE NEXT ISSUE,
DON'T  FORGET   THE
PLACE.
410   Hastings   Street
VANCOUVER, B. C.
5
Merchants
who desire to promote the   publicity of their
business should use the advertising columns of
The Western Clarion
THE ONLY LABOR PAPER IN THE PROVINCE
Reaches Over 2,000 Wage-earners Weekly
Workingmen
You should subscribe for and read The Clarion.
Its columns are open to you; it voices your
interests alone; it fears nothing but the sheriff,
and can only look to you for support	
SUBSCRIPTION, $1.00 A  YEAR
FIVE YEARLY SUB. CARDS FOR I3.75
.    .11   _        'j/"" 1' •  .
WILL YOU BE MY PARTNER 1
My magazine is now on a paying oasis. That is,
I am taking in as much money as I am paying out, a
condition that has not existed since I established Wil-
shire's Magazine. It took $100,000 in cold cash to
put it there, bnt it's there.
The comrades who know me know I have no
desire to make money, but that I only desire to make
Socialist Propaganda.
What is the best way to do this ?
I have given it a great deal of thought and have
decided that the best way is to take into partnership
with me 5,000 socialists who are as earnest as I am.
With their active assistance I can do many times more
than I can now.
But, few socialists have any money to invest!
Very well, if I can get the men I want I'll |»ve
them the stock free—but on one condition.
If you want to know what the condition is, write me sow
and I'll tell you how to get a fio share of my stock, with
voting privilege, on which I will guarantee 5 per cent, annual
dividend.
Don't delay; l*iis offer is limited.
GAYLQID  ^IL8HIRE
Wilshire's Magazine,' New York, N.Y.
115 IA8T 23R0 STREET
*A .♦ft!
;, We Sell the Very llest, in the Way of Light at Prises that Cannot be Beaten-
;  ■ , 1 -a
I   The Kernrt Electric Lamp
j j| Is the latest andkreatest boon offered to the public, both for cheapneM **A I
brilliancy.   Call and see ns about rates, etc! I j
j| B. C. Electric Railway COa^^jaSrVr* n^prospcrity   in   and    around
the city of Vancouver, is afforded in
Un is hopelessly wrong
the only sensible and righteous thing
to do is to change the system.—Ex. 

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