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The Western Clarion Jul 14, 1906

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 THE  WESTERN   CLARJPN
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
YlC rn
"■■■*,.'.—-——
Nia»«
381.
VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   JULY   14,   1000.
SObMtltM1*-
tmrm
YB-B
iMtt
i    iii'I     ik-il
SHADOWS OF CURRENT EVENTS
Under the Lime-Light ol Criticism the Doings of Capitalists and
their Servile Politicians Take on Most Peculiar Shapes
—Maple Leal Poetry and Jingo Patriotism.
Toronto, July 4. IflOfi.    [denounce the entire system of encour-
lution of the Preston-Jury aging immigration, roc*  and  branch,
"tigatiim  ft   Otlawa   recalls    the and    demand    ils    abolition.       The
U storv >>i the lirnt case of a newly ichumps can't realize that so long as
"i" ».«    '.  ..,.._ :—.:— -.f .k. -..«. Ia deillar is voted to assist or solicit
The fi-ncl
appointed Dutch justice pf the peace.
|l_ni had had a quarrel with Yaw-
,,.h, resulting »« a "Kh{, ■'n*1 V"'"'
tnons   for     arsaull Veil.     Hans
i.i the J p*.   Be  y,u  K*"--y?
I vash nod guilty "    "Yawcob.
you gttntyr-Mt, vjrno, khdond
lilty"       Ve---    *•»■    **ot
"Nein,
Ivat gwi - ,,
funny, ."i1 »
body ginl'y
vos
no-
it?      Den  dare  ish
Ucr case va*. discharge
thc
ed, uml dot lawyer man vat nuke*, al
,|is veiolishness bays der gusts?"    Su
-fter  nil  these  charges  and  counter
lure,!--, villificaiion and perjury, let
it stealing anil grafting, cm
olons have formally declared
lhe "lil  I'uichman that "nobody
ilt>"   and  the country  pays
,i-      The government, as has been
cti-.lly said, simply dare not dis-
ii.irgc Preatotv—he know*. t<><> much.
I |n r.   ii no telling who might not hc
lopclessly   hcsmirchcel  if  hc  were  to
jtsclotc who participated in the rakc-
i,ff on the enormous sums paid to the
ortli  Atlantic  Trading    Co.      Pos-
tibly he could reveal the secret heiw
lifford   Sifton   grew  suddenly   wcal-
cpi
immigrants of any class thc door will
be wide open for any sort of immigrants thc capitalist masters of the
government wish to bring here.
Between the Devil and the Deep Sea.
Thc "independent labor" voter—if
such re-ally exists outside of thc Socialist party, which I much doubt—
Rndl himself in an awkward dilemma
just now. The Tory labor fakir
calls upon him to oppose the Laurier
government because they arc using
the immigration service t'> flood the
r Otlawa Icounif?*/ with mechanics. Thc Grit
with labor fakir yclis: "Turn out Ihe Whitish |ncy government; they arc ruining thc
wooden ware workers by supplying
cheap labor at thc Central prison."
And so it goes—-the everlasting sec-
saw anil litg-of war between the party
heelers in the attempt to capture the
labor veitc for one or the other set of
capitalistic tools, who owe their positions solely to the favor of the plutocracy and must serve them or ski-
doo. Under existing conditions all
governments are necessarily and    in-
ontht salary of a cabinet minis-  evilably  the servants of the explo.t-
,1 he might show that there ia fog class.      Thev  are  not  to blame
«   I   deal   more   than   honor   and  forthis; tt II  simply  a condition of
,!?  ,, the Ob of a Lord High Com- Itheir being.     «■- -«  - M— -
.it/iooer.      Hut there  is very  small  are the wor
f any  such  revelations,    (or
.  will  be  taken  care  eif.      In
will probably be promoted to
einr better paid berth, for few offi
ial* ever did the dirty work    of our
tanitalist
llieile
■
lltitest
nee, and with
gioui hypocrisy, wt
livable an asset in public li
mi.nli.cn politics has as yet
The only ones to blame
kers, who are su apathetic, stupid and blind to their own
interests as not to realize that the
only way to economic freedom lies in
the overthrow of the wage system,
instead of begging people who live,
move and have their being by the
grace of the spoilators for a few pitiful piecemeal reforms that thcy
daren't  give.
The Apotheosis of Tommyrot.
Alexander  Muir is dead.      He was
rulers    more    thoroughly,
lieartedly and with less shame
riiple.      He  is  about  the    most
K-riccl type ol a finished and service-
Me   political   intriguer   without     the
notion  "f   honor   <.r   ensci- . ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^__
a veneering of thc ro- j** kindly, genial eiUl  soul  anel a good
hieh is always so (teacher, but hc hail one failing.      He
fe,    thai jlhoughi  he could  write poetry, when
develop
in- couldn't    make    passable    verse
There was no particular harm in this
—many equally    worthy    men    have
cherished   a   similar   delusion.       < >ne-
,f'day he worked <.ff some verse about
e _ _rt*__   tmm  if,.  TlVtmi'ssil  the  Maple  Leaf      There was neither
colut.ons cal.ng   **  <}« *"5,M£'rhyme,   rythm   nor  Orighudjty   about
Preaton and the alight, regardI   m ^gj^ 'f,c,  ,,u.y wl.rt. u,u.rly c„m.
|1r imonplace— but he set them lo catchy
rag-time music, adapted from a Lon-
td
Treated With Deserved Contempt.
Thc  trade  unions  through..tit   t"-in-
tela bave lieen passing any number
to Vancouver as one of thc crew of
a C. P. R. Oriental liner.     Upon arriving in port hc had left for Victoria,
having heard of the charms   of   the
Capital   City   of     British     Columbia.
While here, however, he had got   in
bad cumpauy and imbibed too freely
of the sparkling liquid which cheers,
and   woke  up next   morning  to find
himself    in   the    inexorable  clutches
of the law.   As a result hc had been
treated as a deserter by the C. P. R.
and  his  late position  was   filled   by
some Other person.    Would    he    bc
willing to enter the service of thc P.
C.  S.  S.  Co.  rather    than    continue
serving the sentence  was a question
hardly   necessary   under   thc  circumstances.    Oliver could   not  tell  such
a interesting story as his companion
in    misfortune.      He    has    been    an
intimate acquaintance of members of
the police force for some time, having    appeared tn    court    at    regular
intervals   on  thc    charge    of    being
"drunk   and   disorderly."       But     he
was willing to turn over a new leaf
anel  earn  an  honest    living.      What
were the wages, he ine|uired.    somewhat eagerly.      Three  dedlars a day
and board, was the reply and Oliver
smiled pleasantly.      "I guess it would
be a long time before  I'd earn   that
money with chicken  thrown in anywhere else." hc remarked, pleasantly.
So   the   officials   were   successful   in
securing   two   mon   of   experience.—
Victoria  Times.
During the time of chattel slavery
whenever slaves were scarce thc
masters were put to thc necessity and
expense of long journeys to the
wilds of Africa in order to obtain the
needed supply. How crude, clumsy and expensive such a method of
obtaining slaves appears alongside
of the facilities afforded at the present time. As a rule slaves are now
at all times abundant, especially
around the centers of population.
They are usually quite tame, and
therefore easy to catch, the prospect
of a small quantity of food and other
luxuries being sufficient to induce
them t'i submit to thc masters' lash.
At times, however, bands of them
become fractious and —unruly. They
refuse to work unless the masters
to the unreasonable demand
enlarged portion of food,
be allotted them. This unreason
■net
ihi.-h  they are held  by the
[ovommmt is strongly shown by
tanner in which  lljeir remonstrances
i-ivo been ignored     Why should the
.vemmenl Stop lo consider the trade
(Unions   in that  or  any either  matter
hey are not tn politics; they control
,  v.tcs       If  occasionally    a    labor
ember »f the tvpe <if Ralph Smith
Verville gets into the house, owing
:i deal of the labe.r fakirs with one
the other parly, hc votes as a par*
li/.in  and  a   supporter  ot   capitalism
gvery   time.      The    "independent   la
vote is a delusion, as every prac-
i,;.l politician has by this time found
t. and henceforth Ihe unions    may
■rotes!  and "rcsoloot  till  the    COWS
.me   home."   and    get   deservedly
■nobbed and sat upon for their pains
i'i !,. i.'iy the government will seeuare
Ihemselves wilh  any   "Labor-Liberal*
mts   bv   pointing   out   their   mag-
uuumity in retaining  the  services of
lAii  Jury, who for lhe past ten years
Ihis been  reaping  thc  reward  of hts
pol   very   successful   efforts   t»   gold-
ik thc labor clement with  Liberal
|].r.,frssions.      Needless to say, he is
lutter opponent of Socialism—eithcr-
iwisc he would not have had his job
long,    lf it becomes a question as
between  Preston and  Jury,  thc ' l.a-
*   .r-Liberal"  will   be   the  one   to  go,
|seeing be has already    told    all    he
knows and is an extinct volcano. But
rather   think   they   will   take     the
t.isicst  way put of it  and keep thetn
iveth    possibly  in   some  other  sphere
■<if usefulness.
"Farm Laborers" Brought Ovdr For
Factoriea.
Meanwhile proof—if any proof were
needed or could be got to penetrate
the thick skulls of the partisan trade
unionists   nf the utter  falsity  oi the
government's lying pretence that they
arc only assisting    farm laborers    to
j emigrate, is  afforded  every  day    by
ithe   arrival   in   Toronto   of   shiploads
4 immigrants brought here as "farm
[laborers,   who immediately seek em-
Iployment in the  factories  and work
shops.     A yoke of oxen and a log
I King chain couldn't drag most of these
i*nlttiri«t« away    from    the    city.
! Here is what appeared in a recent ts-
-.»»»• of thc Globe Ml <he matter:
"Although the Bureau of Colonisation has Steadfastly devoted its attention to thc supplying of help to the
farmers, snd does not undertake to
provide men for manufacturing establishments, it has, nevertheless.
»<ar|y i,20o applications from such
places. Agents for railway companies, railway contractors and manufacturers have recently adopted the
plan of meeting arriving trains and
"igaging immigrants, many of whom
■'IthouHh they started from Britain
with thc intention of going on farms.
'Irop the idea as soon aa they hesu
ther is s demand for their services in
other lines of work.    ,.-■;*
rn the face of such facts the statement so often made by the government and their truckling apologtsts
tln-t the 'mmipration department is
only assisting farmers or farm laborers to emigrate is obviously a dcim-
■Tatc lie. lacking even the merit ot
Plausibility, Yet not one of the labor unions which have passed milk
and watery resolutions against tne un
porlation of mechanics and artizans
has had thc sense or thc courage to
don music hall that   had    a   fleeting
popularity  many, many    years    aco.
The     Pretty     Little     Rat-Catcher's
Daughter."      There   was    a    certain
snap about the tunc, and the piece being  "patriotic"  in  sentiment    caught
on and came into vogue ss "Canada's
National     Anthem,"    simply   because
there wasn't any other, and its vapid
sentimentalist!!  came  right   down    to
the  level  of  the popular  intelligence.
This encouraged good  Mr.   Muir    to
write other poetry in the same strain,
and jingoism being in thc ascendant,
hc won a widespread literary reputation.     His death was, of course, made
the occasion for a jingo carnival and
the  elevation   of    a    very    ordinary,
well-meaning  citizen to a high  place
in   the   Pantheon   of   little  tin   gods.
The most noticeable feature   of    this
theosis of tommyrot is thc    cowardice  and  servility  of  the   so-called
intellectual class.      Every man of ordinary   good   education   and   culture
knows that "Thc Maple Leaf Forever"
is  not  poetry,  that  it    is,    in    fact,
sorry and common place fustian.    Yet
because it is "patriotic" and popular,
not one of them dares    to   say    so.
Economic   determinism  again!      The
editor who would size up "The Maple
Leaf   Forever" at   its    true    literary
value would h-sc his job.      1 haven't
lose, so I say what  I please.
PHILIPS THOMPSON.
accede
that     an
etc.,    ^	
■bte demand is quite properly resisted by thc masters ttpein the practical
and humane grounds that over-feeding tends to gout and fatty degeneration, a condition that divine providence has decreed shall bc enjoyed
«.uly by masters. At times, when
these little slave rebellions have occurred masters have been temporarily inconvenienced by not being able
to obtain sufficient slaves to properly
carry on their thieving expeditions,
c;:lled industries. Happily, however,
a way has now been discovered to
avoid similar difficulties in the future. City jails can bc converted
into employment offices, which, in
fact, is but another name for slave
pens, anyhow. With reasonable
diligence, and provided they can
^1
spare the time from their usual occupation of levying blackmail upon
prostitutes, the police can round up
enough "mavericks" to keep the
city slave pens well supplied with
goods from which any master may
replenish his stock in case of emergency.
There   was   evidently   no   ce>mpul-
sion used  in  the case  of  the slaves
recruited  from  the Victoria  employment office referred to in the above
clipping,     There   need   be   none     in
any  case.      If  there were,  our  ghi-
rious  "free   institutions"    would    no'
doubt   rock   upon   their   foundations
as  tho'  stricken by a  'Frisco earthquake,  and  might  even   totally    collapse.      It is only necessary to keep
the   standard   of   comfort   in     these
slave  pens  a  little  below   that  of  a
ship's forecastle or a ten cent lodging   house,   with  cheap   hash  attachment, if such a thing is possible, to
furnish the incentive to the slave to
accept  the  service of a  master who
may yearn for thc juice in his bones,
and go forth and deliver    thc   juoce
with  a  love  for  thc  Empire,  a  reverence   for   British   institutions,   and
a   fervor   of     patriotic     ardor     that
could   not   be   kuocked   out   of   htm
with a stuffed club.      Let every city
jail be  turned  into a   slave  pen  for
the benefit  of masters   whose  slaves
may have quit them.     Let it be called   a   public   dormitory   in   deference
to   the  delicate   sensibilities   of    the
morally  thin-skinned  who  get  white
under the gills when a spade is called  a   spade.      Remove    the    sheets
from   the  bed,  the  carpet  from  the
I floor,  and  cease  feeding   the   patron
upon  terrapin stew and  banana fritters, and the problem of cheap labor
and  where  to  obtain   it   in  case    of
shortage   caused   by   strikes   will   be
solved.    Those who expect to regenerate the world hy municipal ownership   of   garbage   plants   and   similar
innovations,   without   first   destroying
the   wage    system    might profitably
add this to tlieir mun-icip.-ilizat.-ioii
scheme, with a "pure leaf lard" factory as an annex in order to commercially   utilize  the  "rejected."
PICKED UP A10NC THE ROUTE
A; Seen by Comrade Austin Lewis of QaiHoraia, Hm INolef-KI
ol the Mines and Smelters of Hn liaHafy Orffrfct
are Ready for the Coming Change.
Those who fear the decadence of
industry, as they term it, under a
workers' commonwealth are borrowing needless trouble. The only time
men will build, and forge, and spin,
and weave, of the best and for the
best, is when they dei it for themselves. Marvelous as have been the
accomplishments of chattel slave,
feudal serf and wage-slave labor, driven by masters, it is safe to predict
they are as nothing compared with
what will be accomplished when labor
is free to work tor itself. It will be
the busiest time the world has ever
known. But the decadence of capitalist industry will hhave been completed. There is little doubt about
that.
In   the   mining   districts     of     the
Boundary   Ce>untry   I   found   the   essence of the socialist movement    in.
British   Columbia.      Here   was    the
actual  living proof  of  the truth    of
the Marxian philosophy.      By virtue
of  their  very  toil and  their  organisation   in   thc    labor-process,    these
miners   and   smelters     are   socialists,
ant! i.e.i.e  the less because they    do
.not   thrmse vts   recognise   the   fact.
The one or two who gravely shook
their   heads   in     conversatoon    with
mc over the extremes of the S'»cial-
ist Party actually talked a   common-
sense,   practical,   yes,   and   scientific
(blessed     word)     socialism,     which
would   have   put   many   a   paid    exponent to the blush and would have
made   some   of  our   holier-than-thou
scientists   examine  their  consciences.]
By  the way,   I   found    a    few    evidences    of the tracks of the fevered
disintegrators,  but    they    were  few
and far between and seemed to lead
away   from   the     settlement.       But
one   earnest   and   conscientious   brother  confided  in   me  the  harrowing
doubts   with   respect   to  the   organisation to which he ought to belong,
but he will get over them.      I visited the smelter at Grand Forks.      It
•.'■is   very  interesting  and   very  vile.
The   machinery   was   fascinating—it
was so clean, so well-kept, it ran so
easily and was withal so satisfied to
be   working.      The   human   part   of
the   machinery    was     not   in     such
prime cejudition, nor  was it so well
groomed.      There  was    a     strained
look about their eyes, and one could
not help a silly sort of feeling that
thc  fumes  in a  smelter are  not the
best  things  in  the  world  for  a human being.     I know I went out and
coughed   long   and     lustily.       However,   I   was,  perhaps,  over-sensitive,
for one of the men assured me that
"after   you   get   thoroughly   poisoned
it's    all     right."       Formerly      they
worked  in  twelve-hour  shifts, which
have  now   been    reduced   to    eight.
The meeting was well  attended and
We   had   c|Uite  an   interesting  discus
sion afterwards.
At Phoenix I visited a great un-
timbercd mine from thc ledges sup
ported by thc pillars of which pieces
of copper ore and lumps of errant
debris fall persistently and at regular intervals upon thc heads of those
who labor many feet beneath. All
references to the sword of Damocles
Will henceforth seem very trite and
inadequate to me. When I want
to imagine the limit of nervous
anxiety I shall picture those miners
at Phoenix piling up surplus values
for thc company and all the time
at thc mercy of a lump of copper
ore which would break a limb or
pierce a skull with the certainty and
completeness of a rifle bullet. It is
a deadly hole, is this mine, an unutterable disgrace to those who
maintain it, as well as to the community which allows it to be maintained.      1   walked    into    the    jaws
LABOR MEN CALLED TO ACTION
Silver Bow Trades and Labor Assembly of Butte Montana,
Urges the Necessity of Energetic Action in Behalf of
Moyer Haywood and Pettibone.
with three splendid,    strong   yotfttg
men and my blood boils he»« a thousand miles away when I think of the
unnecessary risks to which, they are
subjected.     I picked up a "Miners'
Journal"  today and  read  that    one
man who was alive and well when
I visited Greenwood had been since
murdered by the devil of capitalistic
greed.      Every time that I pick op
that paper now it will -be with an apprehension lest I read of the t-skmg
off of some one of my kindly    matt
genial hosts.     Nowhere hnve I met
such  whole-hearted  hospitality,  such
kindly    and    friendly    greeting    as
among these men of the mines and
I  should like tbem to know bote I
feel about it.    The socialist member
of parliament will hare his Wdrfc cttt
out. It is incumbent upon the party
that it strain every nerve to improve
the conditions  in    the    mining districts,  and  every  effort   to  improve
them will be met with the most implacable hostility and the most persistent resistance on the part of the
shareholders in  London    and    New
York.     There is here sn opportunity  for the socialist party to   tike
part in one of the most glorious and
necessary fights that have ever fatten
to the lot of the    movement   anywhere.
There is but one thing oecesss-ry
to   make   the   movement   absolutely
ad entirely successful in the mining
districts  and that    is    organization.
The soil is good.    The miner is so
thoroughly familiar with the modem
capitalistic   system as far as it   affects  the  worker in  a welt organised  industry  that  but   little  explanation need be made.    He is used to
the effects of collective action in his
industrial    organization.     It    needs
but steady work to weld these miners into a powerful, an overwhelming force for socialism and to place
in the hands of the Socialist Party
the control of the destiny of the mining districts.    There  u  ho doubt
that it can be done.     Speakers are
necessary, a thorough pushing of the
papers,   the  Clarion   is  very  necessary.     The  institution  of    a' pre«s
which   can  flood  tbe  industrial  districts of British Columbia with literature bearing upon the peculiar con-.
ditions  of the Province  ia also Obligatory.     Useful   as   the  American
press and propaganda literature may
be  in   some  respects   they    do  not
meet the demands of the situation in
British  Columbia.     The tWo needed
factors  in    the    British    Columbian
movement  are  the   formation  of  a
corps of reliable and well informed
speakers  and  the    institution    of a
press which will keep alive the wOrs
of  the   speakers.     With  these  two
supplemented by the Clarion, which
would   have  better  opportunities   as
its circulation increased, the  British
Columbian socialist  movement could
challenge comparison with any movement of the proletarian anywhere in
the world.
WHAT IT MfiANS.
any to
THE BETTER WAY.
of
re-
Just before the steamer Spokane of
the Pacific Coast Steamship Company
left for the north last evening Chief
l.angley, ol the Victoria police force,
received an unexpected visit from several officials of thai concern. Among
them was Arthur Heathorn, the Van-
cot'ver agent, and  thc  chief engineer
of the steamer mentioned. They drove
up to the police department in hot
li:istc and were ushered into the presence of the chief.     With little ceremony   their   mission   was   explained.
Men were wanted, lircncn in particular, il  having been  found difficult to
secure a full crew for thc Spokane to
replace that which left on the Sound
in   accordance   with   the  instructions
e>f the unions now at war with thc P.
C. S. S. Co. over thc    question
wages.      Information   had   been
ceived to thc effect that  some    firemen were lying in durance vile serving  brief  sentences  for  drunkenness
and other petty crimes and unable to
nay the fine necessary to secure their
liberty.      Would  it  not  be possible,
they asked, to secure the services of
these men by the payment    of    the
amounts  which  the  magistrate    had
seen tit to impose in lieu of imprisonment   with   hard  labor.      The   chief
saw no reason to object to thc proposal,  and  escorted their visitors to
the cells.
All those under Jailer Allen's
charge were paraded before the P, C.
S. S. Company representatives, but
the majority were rejected. The appearance of three men held their attention, namely, Thompson, Oliver
and McGinty. Thc two former proved experienced firemen. Asked for
his history, Thompson gave a somewhat hard luck story.     He had come
Butte, Mont., July I, 1906.
To all Central Labor  Bodies   in    the
United States:
Brothers: As you know, the trials
if Charles H. Moyer, Wm. Del. Haywood and George A. Pettibone for the
murder of ex-Gov. Steunenberg of
Idaho have been postponed until the
United States supreme court shall
have acted upon their appeal to that
body as to the legality of their being
kidnapped from the State of Colorado
into the State of Idaho,
When the trials were postponed by
District Judge h'rank J. Smith, of
Caldwell, the defendants asked to be
released on bonds, offering to give
bail in any amount named by the
court, but this was refused them, and
it seems likely now that they will be ,
confined for .it least another half year,
and possibly a year, before their trials
will take place.
The prosecution admits that neither of these men were in Idaho at the
time the murder was committed. Aside
from the whim of the prosecution,
which is in reality the Mine Owners'
Association, there is no reason why
they should suffer confinement for a
year and a hall awaiting trial for a
crime of which nearly all the people
f the country believe them innocent.
thc
. the
United States in a supreme effort   to
induce the judge in the case to admit
them to bail pending a trial.
Therefore the  Silver  Bow    Trades
and Labor Assembly, of Butte, Mont.,
-• 1-1^— _~j.. :„
tremendous, rousing mass meeting
of working people for that day, and
then and there adopt resolutions addressed to the district judge, setting
forth their wishes in the matter.
Consider the awful importance of
this case, and let us for the time being forget everything else except our
duty to these men and to the American labor movement, for which they
have fought so valiantly for so many
years, even at the risk of their lives
and their lihetry.
Fraternally yonrs,
S1IVF.R BOW TRADES AND LABOR ASSEMBLY.
John Mullen. President; O. M   P-ftc
low, Secretary.
of the country nelieve mem uumv
Thc loyalty of these men to
working class entitles them to
united support of the workers of
appeals to every central labor body in
,lu- United Statse. regardless of affiliations, to set apart Sunday, August &
1006. for a general, united arid direct
demand of District Judge Frank J.
Smith, of Caldwell. Idaho, to cither
rive these men an immediate tna eir
to admit them to bail pending   their
Let   every central body arrange   a
Another Arctic expedition le-avcs
Copenhagen. Denmark, on July 1st for
a dash to thc North Pole. It la to be
equipped with every known facility 'o
Insure success. "A novel feature of
the organization is thnt every mnn
will be on an equality with his fellows;
and will receive the same pay, etc.
This is perhaps the first time that
Socialist Ideas have been put In practice among the members of an exploring party." This Is^sheic-klng. No self-
respecting nation should accept a
North Pole as a gift If It were discovered under such outlandish "dead
level" circumstances.
 o	
Thc State election of Oregon, held
June 4th, with reports not all in.
shows an increase for the Socialists,
over the vote of ic*04, of 7,651. The
Socialist candidate for Labor Commissioner, with his only opponent a
Republican. received over 17,000
votes.
To be a Socialist means that you
are in favor of the collectively-used
lr.nd and the machinery of production
and distribution of all the necessities
and comforts of life being owned by
the people.
When you examine Sexialism and
get to know its trutl*. about society ss
it is at present, you will find that to
bc a Socialist means quite a lot more
than would appear on first sight.
There was a time—away back in
history—when to be a Christian
meant something, too. The early
Christians, when signing their names
invariably put a cross to the signature, to distinguish them from the
pagan; this custom is the origin of
illiterates using a mark instead of a
signature, as today. Again, the
Christians never drew up a written
agreement between one another. It
was not nccesarv. Their word was
their bond. Tlie word "Christian"
meant something in those days.
See the point?
Nowadays thc term conveys no
such material Interpretation.
Same thing with political party
names—Whig and Tory, Liberal and
Conservative, Republic in a..d Democrat. Once there was actual division of policy between these factions,
but now the party na.ncs are meaningless, for. in anything that affects
vou—the workman who reads these
lines—the old political parties are as
one.
Socialism vs. capitalism—that is the
issue now.
The older parties are all enemies of
Socialism  and   must  be   regarded  as
such.
Don't you think it worth while to
get to know what Socialism is and
what it means to you
It means shorter hours of labor.
it means better conditions of life.
It means equality of opportunity for
every child.
lt  means  protection  for  the weak
Study Socialism, friend, and find out
"why.*'
Socialists say that, as the interests
of the workers of all lands are identical, wars are waged in the interests
of the capitalists. Therefore "Wort-
ers of the world unite" and abolish
war, for the international solidarity
of the workers is the only guarantee
of international peace.
Socialists say that they are imtwty
bound to come forwai.t m time of
need and assert themselves during
any great national crisis.
That is why tne Socialists of France
brought Dreyfus from his island-
prison and exposed the conspiracies
of the military party.
That is why the British Socialists
opposed the war with the Boers snd
are at present safeguarding tbe funds
of the labor unions from being seised
upon by the capitalists under capitalist-made laws.
That is why the German Socialists
oppose the military party, and haVe,
time after time, confounded the
schemes of the Kaiser.
That is why the Socialists of Australia are the only party to sound a
clear note amid the confusion and
squabbles about such minor affairs ai
religion and nationality.
That is why in Russia the Socialists
are the heart and soul of thc revolution today.
That is why American Socialists
expose the doings of the meat packers
in Chicago; confront capitalism with
an array of facts mirroring its filth
and corruption.
And also demand justice for the
imprisoned miners' champions, Haywood ahd Moyer.
Study socialism, friend; it means
something, all right.
WiM. DAVENPORT..
Brantford, July, 1906.
Socialists would produce goods for
,,se—not for  profit. ,
Socialists sav that so long as goods
are produced for profit there is always bound to bc a scarcity of these
goods. The greater the scarcity the
higher   the  profits.      Socialists    say
The wage of labor is determined
neither by the whim or caprice of the
employer nor yet by that of the employee. It is determined by the condition of the labor market; by the relative supply of, and demand for, labor
power. Fluctuations may at times
be caused by other influences, but at
best they are but temporary, the gets-
B&^^-J-tK'ffitStUl conditions of the mark.,    .00.
;     rl
5*
p f#t
THB WESTON  OLAIIOH, Vi-WOOimat,   Bs-tttSH OOLUHBU.
Saturday ...... J0ly u> ^
-
*_
:''-1
Ae Men Clarion
TnMHafcall avary Saturday In thn
latmuata of the working claaa alone
at tha Othea ot tha Weetern Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 165 Hastings
Street, iVaacouvar. B. C.
8UISCMPTI0N: SI.00 PER ANNUM
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly  aubacriptlan earda ln
al flue aw-more. 75 eenta each.
lota
ratae oa application.
thla pmter, it ia paid
If
:or.
Addreaa all cammunicatlaaa to
The WESTERN CLARION
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
382
Watch thia label oa your pa-
par. If Ada uumfcur ia on it.
your aubacrtpttoa expiree tba
Saturday ..... Julyi4,1906.
GENESIS  OF    THE   ."MUCK
HEAP."
The "muck l*eap" has become the
tacitly acknowledged pivot around
which twentieth century civilization
revolves. The human vultures, buzzards, hyenas, coyotes, flesh flies and
maggots that spring into being by
reason of its existence and draw their
sustenance from its festering mass,
pose as the rulers of society, the
mighty ones of the earth, the "better
class."
Everything goes along smoothly
around the "muck heap," until, perchance by accident, some particularly vile stench is uncovered. Then
public opinion is aroused and indulges in the most discordant braying. Public opinion has been likened to a long-eared donkey, liable at
any moment to break out in a fit of
braying over nothing, or the next
thing to nothing. The simile is not
altogether inapt. In so far as either
melody or sense is concerned, there
is about as much in the voice of a
donkey as there is in the voice of
public opinion. At the present time
the ambitious wight who would win
the plaudits of the multitude and find
favor in public opinion, needs but to
emblazon upon his escutcheon a
"muck rake" rampant, and unearth
from the "muck heap" a stench with
which the public olfactory is not yet
familiar. His name will at once be
inscribed high upon the fane of notoriety and the voice of public opinion will "hee haw" his praises enough
to scare*a setting hen off the nest.
The chief occupation of numerous
persons at the present time is "muck
raking." The Occupation of a vast
multitude is "hee hawing" over the
discoveries made. Probably not one
in a thousand know anything about
the origin of the "muck heap" or the
reason for its existence. Were a
knowledge of these things prevalent,
neither surprise nor "hee haw"
would result from the exposure of
insurance, railway or packing house
business practice.
What is this precious "muck heap"
around which present-day civilization
(God save the    mark)    is    pivoted?
Whence came it, and why the stench
to high heaven whenever its mass is
rudely disturbed?     It might be well
to note that while the   stench    has
been    chiefly   an    offence    to     the
moral nostrils, the specific acts of the
vultures, buzzards, hyenas,    coyotes,
flesh flies and maggots complained of
have dealt with material things only.
These caricatures of humanity have
been merely engaged    in    gathering
each unto himself, as much as possible of the material    of    which    the
"muck heap" is composed, and   that
is the wealth squeezed from the enslaved labor under the wage process.
The "muck heap" is built from   the
flesh, bone and blood of the working
class coined into wealth in the profit-
grinding mill of capitalist production.
Tbe   insane    scramble    among    the
creatures  bred by such    a    thieves'
game, to get away with the proceeds
of   it,   follows    as a logical consequence.      Their  conduct  in    apportioning  the    "muck    heap"    among
themselves would quite naturally be
of the same degree of excellence as
that displayed in   the    skinning    of
wage-slaves, which makes their malodorous "muck heap" possible.
This rottenness and corruption afflicting human society is bred of
slavery. Previous slave civilizations
have been marked by simipar phenomena, Which increased in intensity
until a break-down occurred and
some readjustment was made looking
to a nearer approach of freedom for
the enslaved. The rapid approach
of another such break-down and readjustment is heralded by the appalling increase of the stench arising
from the festering "muck heap" of
capitalist production.      While "muck
rakers" are busily engaged in bring,
ing to the light choice specimens of
filth from this compost heap, the
workers should not forget that the
whole accursed thing is fed by the
stream of surplus value wrung from
them under the wage system. They
are the sufferers because it is their
lives alone that are coined into its
festering mass. They alone produce
the wealth, for possession of which
that low. base, vile and dirty scramble called business is carried on. The
'muck heap" is the child of slavery.
When the slave attains to manhood
by conquering the present state and
using its powers to strike the fetters
from his limbs the 'muck heap" will
vanish Suckled by slavery it will
perish  with its parent.
PARTY   GOVERNMENT.
Up to quite recent times little effort had been put forth upon the
part of British Columbia politicians
to play at the ridiculous old farce
known as Party Government. But
with that stupidity of alleged political wiseacres, that has long since
become proverbial, these ignoramuses committed the egregious folly,
from their own standpoint, of attempting to cut the politics of the
Province along party lines, some
three or four years ago. The last
provincial election was conducted upon such lines, and the delightful
spectacle of the "pot calling the kettle black," and vice versa, has ever
since been afforded the citizens of
the province.
That these political incapables and
epileptics are beginning to awaken
to a realization of their blunder is
now being made manifest. According to the papers from Vancouver
Island, a move is on foot in Ladysmith to abandon party lines and the
two ridiculous old political gangs,
Liberals and Conservatives, are to
unite upon an "Independent" candidate for the purpose of preventing
the return of a Socialist to the house
from that district The Vancouver
World, a week ago, bawled out its
fright at the awful consequences of
the blunder committed by the recent
drawing of party lines, in an editorial
entitled "Is Party Government a
Failure. This editorial should be
read by every workingman in the
province, but unfortunately it will
be read by but few owing to that delectable sheet's rather limited circulation.
Every thinking man, even tho' he
may not have gone deep down into
the fundamental reason for political
movements and parties, knows full
well that the distincytiomfj tyetween
Liberal and Conservaive or Republican and Democrat, is one without a
difference, except it be in regard to
details in conserving and working
out the same identical scheme. Fundamentally they stand for the same
thing, and that is the present system
of property in the means of wealth
production, which is based upon the
exploitation of labor by the wage
process. Such difference of opinion
as may exist between them in regard
to the details of such exploitation,
does not in the least weaken their
loyalty to the system of property
that is based upon it. That
the last drop of juice must be
squeezed from thc body of labor,
they are agreed. Proof of this is afforded in the Ladysmith incident referred to, and, overwhelming proof
will be furnished in the near future
by the complete abandonment of so-
called party lines in every part of tbe
Province where the labor vote threatens to follow the lead of Ladysmith
and Nanaimo. As still further evidence of the truth of the assertion,
attention is called to the bitter fight
pu up by boh Liberals and Conservatives against any proposed measure
to curtail the juice squeezing proclivities of capital, that has been introduced into recent sessions of the
provincial house during the past
three sessions. So evenly matched
were their respective forces that had
either been animated by a desire to
check the exploitation of labor, measures for that purpose could have
been easily carried by the aid of the
Socialist members.
Had the blunder of committing
themselves to party lines not been
made by these political nincompoops,
now that the hour of danger to their
precious system of exploitation approaches, they could combine their
forces to combat the awakening proletariat without so completely unmasking themselves as confidence operators of such clumsy cunning as to
make the ordinary "gold brick"
swindler desert the profession and
turn Chicago meat packer to redeem
his reputation. To combine, now,
after having told the truth about
each other so industriously and persistently for some years by their accusations and counter-accusations of
roguery, rascality, corruption, dishonesty, thievery and general all
round "scullduggery," is to multiply
the disastrous effects of the original
blunder a thousand fold. To do so
is to confirm the contention of the
Socialist, that their professed enmity
has been but a pretense and a sham,
for tbe purpose of deciving tbeto o
credulous working man into giving
his political support to his own enslavement, and confirm it in such a
manner that it will no longer fall
upon dull  easr and pass unheeded.
These political hybrids will be compelled to thus unmask themselves.
There is no other road open for them
so to persist in their blunder of party pretense is to ensure their speedy
undoing by opening the way for the
easy victory of the Socialist candi-
datse in three cornered contests. To
discard such pretense and combine
against the Socialist candidates will
tend to clarify the political vision of
the proletariat and assure an equally
easy victory. The one course leads
to Scylla, the other to Charybdis.
Either spells overwhelming disaster.
Let them take their choice.
SATAN  REBUKING SIN.
In a half column editorial sermon
upon the splendid opportunities afforded the working class of thc
United States owing to thc widespread prosperity and high wages,
the Portland Oregonian of recent
date took occasion to deplore the
lack of honesty among workingmen
in   the   following  words:
"The pertinent questions here are:
Is labor rising in an earnest, honorable, effective way to meet its opportunity? Docs it lay hold upon
its opportunity gladly, cheerfully,
and with the purpose to give honest service for a generous wage?
Are workingmen as a class housing
themselves from possible industrial
disastei a few years hence in their
own homes Are they adding a
sum weekly to their savings account
in order that industrial depression,
incident to financial disaster, may
not   find   them   empty-handed A
glad day, indeed, would it be for the
workingmen of the United States if
these questions could be answered
affirmatively, and a glad day for
their employers as well. It is frequently said, and unfortunately all
too truly, that laboring men as a
class work by the clock. The chief
desire—the open purpose of many
of them—is to "put in time" for the
sole purpose of drawing their pay.
To the extent that this is true the
word "honesty" is Hot in the labor
code. There are exception^, of
course, most worthy exceptions, but
the rule remains and has wide application."
It would be painful, indeed, to
know that labor was not imbued
with the purpose of giving "honest
service for a generous wage." When
employers of labor out of pure goodness of heart bestow upon the laborer the fabulous wage that prevails today, thc workman from
gratitude alone should cheerfully and
gladly repay the kindness by delivering the last ounce of energy within him to his dear, kind master.
No one need worry as to whether
the workingmen are saving money,
as against the proverbial "rainy
day" or not. Their wages are at
present so "generous" that they
could not spend them all even if
they were so minded. They are
therefore accumulating fabulous
riches in spite of themselves. Out
of their average wage of anywhere
from $1.00 to $2.25 per day they are
bound, in spite of their well-known
extravagances, to speedily accumulate riches sufficient to enable them
to live in comfort and luxury
through periods of "industrial depression" of such length as to
bankrupt their masters and reduce
them to penury and starvation. It
is the lean-visaged capitalist who
will be forced to depend upon thc
"soup kitchen" during the next period of hard times, and not the rotund bellied workingman, as every
sane person knows.
If there is intended to be an insinuation derogatory to the integrity
and honor of the workingman because he works by the clock, it is
entirely uncalled for and should be
resented. It is well known that
every workingman is well qualified
to judge as to the proper time to
commence work, as well as the
proper time to quit. The clock may
be smashed and the matter safely
left to his ripe judgment, with thc
assurance that he will make no
complaint. As employers insist
that their shambles shall be run by
the clock, this probably (accounts
for the habit acquired by the workingman of keeping at least one eye
on the ticker. Just why any objection should be offered to a workman "putting in time" for the sole
purpose of drawing his pay is a
mystery. Surely to heaven he could
scarce be expected to put it in for
the opposite purpose. It is bad
enough to be sentenced to "put in
time" for life without expecting it to
be altogether done for nothing.
It is said, indeed, to learn that
the word "honesty," in this connection, is not in the "labor code."
This is positively startling, in view
of the fact that the discovery has
been made by a spokesman of that
class in human society that lives
solely from the proceeds of the robbery of labor. The dishonesty ot;
labor must be most glaring, indeed,
when its existence can bc so readily
discovered  by  constitutional   thieves
and rogues. For a class wlvsc entire existence is one continued rape
of all principles of honesty or even
of common decency, as their own
dirty sheets like the Oregonian amply prove in their columns daily,
to point out the "dishonesty" ol
others is the most stupendous i"k*-
of ihe age. We may now expect
a di-.cn*"-" from his Satanic Maj-
e-t\ upon the sinfulne-s of saints,
or a Larned treatise from some
picker .1 "bob veal" against lhe
wicked   practice   of   vegetarianism
WARES, NOT MEN.
In a town not a thousand miles
from Vancouver lives a carpenter
whom we will call Smith, because
that is not his name. Smith belongs
to the Carpenters' union, and is, in
fact, a careful < bscrver of all the rules
and regulations laid down relating to
the trade. Smith secured possession
of a small piece of ground and procured the necessary lumber and other
material for the erection of a small
house in which to shelter his family.
Not being posscscd of undue
cash, Smith, in order to keep within
his means, proceeded to build the
house himself by working in the
miming before going to his regular
employment and an hour or so after
returning therefrom, with also a little time thrown in on Saturday afternoons and holidays. A fellow-carpenter, a member of the same union,
boarded with Smith. Out of pure
good will Smith's boarder took it upon himself to voluntarily contribute
an hour or so of his time occasionally
to help Smith along with thc house
building. It seems, however, that
such friendly, or, in fact, brotherly action was in some mysterious manner
conduct unbecoming a union man.
The union got hold of it and Smith
and his boarder were haled before
;hat body and severely censured for
thtir scandalous conduct, and assured
if found guilty of repeating it they
would be disciplined by means of a
penalty in the shape of a fine. Al
the matter now stands Smith may
build his house by working overtime
outside of his regular hours in the
service nf an employer. But his
churn and boarder., a member of his
own family, must not assist him.
though prompted to do so by thr best
of motives and with no intention of
working an injury to anyone, or with
thought of material reward for himself.
These petty little displays of vulgar
narrow-mindedness arc absolute denials of rh.it fraternity and brotherhood upon whieh loud-mouthed quacks
declare the union to be founded They
bring forcefully to mind the words of
Lawrence Gronlund that "the union
is the effort of wares to act like men
Wares cannot act like men. for wares
are only things." Not only are these
words brought to mind, but their truth
is emphasized by each such display.
EASY ENOUGH.
The net earnings of the railways of
the United States and Canada for the
year beginning July 1, 100$, and ending June .10, loofi, are given as the
stupendous sum of $795,790,000. The
Seattle Times, in reporting the matter says: "The meaning of these figures is not easy to grasp." This is
nonsense. It is the easiest thing in
the world to grasp it. That huge
sum means wealth in the form of exchange value. This does not grow
on bushes. It is produced solely by
labor. The railway workers were
skinned out of just thc amount mentioned after all expenses hai been met.
These expenses included not only the
wages these slaves received, but also
all the big salaries of the officials, as
well as their graft and other perquisites.
In other words, these slaves paid
from their toil and sweat nearly $*-*oo.-
000,000 for their slavery, besides keep
ing an txeremely expensive gang of
overseers to watch over ihem and see
that they kept busy. A ten-year-old
school kid could grasp thc meaning of
it.     It's easy enough.
 o	
"Lax morals will hurl the republic
into mighty ruins," asserts Rev. Madison C. Peters. This is the veriest
nonsense. Be it republic or monarchy, it will rot into ruins because it
is based upon human slavery. No
slave empire has long stood, nor can
it long stand, for the very basis of
such being a crime against freedom,
it will breed the moral rottenness that
will effect its own ruin. Thc laxity
of morals, the corruption and rottenness that are becoming so alarmingly
in evidence today, merely presage thc
approaching end of the wage system,
the last system of slavery, it is to bc
hoped, that will ever encumber the
earth and curse the race.
 0	
One of the boldest and most dastardly hold-ups chronicled in thc Los
Angeles Times recently was the one
that occurred in San Francisco last
week. The journeymen plumbers
held the bosses up for a raise from
$5 up to $6 per day. It was a dastardly outrage and the victims are
reported aa still suffering from the
shock.
PLATFORM
:Wf*_*_MOrTHtWO«LDUlllTE"
0$mi
gmW Kvcry l.sl.ut fiuoo i„ tktonmZ^'r%*
vile, to pi..,- . r.rd „„,!„ «„Th,_£*,**„  ** •«
Phoenix     Miners'    Union    -
W.   I■*.   M.     Meet,    rvTrv' sgj**
every
evening at 7.10 o'clock in
hall.     V. Ingram, pr-.»kl._t
Ptekard, secretary.
No
I *U
_:k
We. the Socialist Party of Canada,
Ib convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principle** and program of the international revolutionary worWng clues.
Labor producee all wealth, and to
labor it should Justly belong. To
Uw owners ot the meana of wealth
production belongs the product ol
labor. The preeent economic system la baaed upon capitallat ownership of the means of wealth production: therefore all the prodetcta of
labor belong to the capitalist claaa.
The capitalist la master, the worker
is slave.
So long as the capitalisU- remain
in possession ol the reins ot government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect aad defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swell me- stream of
profits, and to the worker aa ever-
incroa-dng measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of *~ttin_ itaell
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wogv system. To
accomplish this neceardtatea the
transformation of capitalist property tn the meana of wealth production into collective or working-claaa
property.
The  irrepressible  conflict   of   Interests between  tbe capitalist  and   the
worker is  rapidly  culminating  la a j
struggle for -tosses-sion ot the power
Of government—-the capitalist to hold .
the worker  to secure it  by  political 1
action.   This is the class struggle.     '>
Therefore, we call upon aM viork-
ers to organi/e under the banner o(
the Socialist Party or Canada with
tbe object of cone|uering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working cla"*. as /ollows:
1. The transformation as rapidlv
aa possible, of capitalist property in
the means ot wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc..) into the collective pro-
party of the working class.
3. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3.   The  establishment,   as  speedily
aa possible, of   production   for   use j
instead of production for profit.
Tbe Socialist Party, when in office j
shall  always and   everywhere   until!
tha    present    system    is   abolished, '
make the answer to this question ita j
guiding rule of conduct.     Will   this
legislation advance the tntereeta   of
tha working class and aid the workers In their clase struggle    agalnet
capitalism?   If It will,  the Socialist
Party Is  for  It;   If it   will  not.  the
Socialist Party Is absolutely opp*as
ed to it.
In accordance with thia principle)
the Socialist Party pledges Itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
In Its hands in such a manner aa to
promote the InteresU of tba work*
lag elasa alone.
.1.  Edward Bird.     A. C. IlryUon-j
Oeo. K. McCrossun.
BIRO, MYMN.JAQK ft McCROJH*
IIAK'tlHTKH.-.. HOI.iriTOKH. _T(""
Tel. 829. P.O. Box, 93a.
824 Hastings St. . . Vancouver, a c
Socialist Directory
AT Every    Local   of  the. 8oe!*JiM
Party of Canada should run a eui
under this   head.    "
Secretaries pie
$1.00 per montli
note.
ItrltMi roluiuhla l-i-ovliicial Ktevutiie
Committee, Inelallat Parts ..r .•.,,,.
Il.la.       Mc. in   every   BlteTIlut,.   Tunc.
day.  D. o. McKi-nsle, Bee***tar**, it,,.
Ut, Vancouver.  B. C.
Dominion Kxe-e-uti*,.- Oonmbteet s„
cinllst Tarty of Canada. Uaett
every alternate Tue-se|.,>. j (j
Morgan. Secretary. -.St Ha mart
Street, Vaneeeuver, It. C
l.i*nl VUII.-..U.1-.. No. I, s. p. of (an.
ueln. Buslne-xa meeting*. r.c-r*>
Momiay evening ut hanrtirnsrtiii
Ingleside Block. SU Gamble* KrM,
ir.uim t. second Hour). l»ua.
tlnnal meetings every Sunday at |
p. m.. In    Sulllvnn    Hall. Conton
!        Street.    Frederic  Berry.  Se-. retirj
Box US, Vancouver,  B. C
IjujiI Tummo. H. V. ot C—Me-.--. «,-.
ond and fourth Tuesday*., ifcatta
il    1.1.»ii.it 1. I*..   ISS1*   Queen  strtH
Watt,   W, Dale, Secretary, 11 Heat,
Street.    Jewish Branch meetSt*M|
Sunday night, *.-.ni* haii.
i_«_i   \viiitii|Mi*. s .iv ,,r f   km
Brut and third Sun lay In Maseeh*
Hall, c.irner King and PactSe Avenues, ut J;30 p. m. j Ostoe,
Secretary, IM TTInieTi st .t win.
ntpeg, Mun.
r.-i.iiiii-iH-ci ivii
The VOICE
111.- OM.-M 141 Is,r
P.i|»-r in « nnaila.
Always  a   fearfeees  ..((.orient In
the e*au«e of labor.
For one dollar the paper nil!
be sent to (illy «>i<|res*e for e,n»
y.-.ir.
Worhtagmnn of nil oountrtei
will  noon     recognise    the  facl
that   they     must     support and
ren.i  their tabor pap**n
l-iKtEl*    EVERY    FRIDAY.
TtM* Vole*-. Publishing Co,
Uiiml|s>g.    Man.
Mel.
APPLICATION FOK MKM-
BlltSHIP IN TIIK K4H IAI-
IKT PARTY    OF CANADA.
I. THE UNDERSIGNED,
hereby  apply   for   membership
In Local
 Socialist   I'arty  of
Cnna.la.
I recognize the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from anil opposed to all purtlea of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
uny other political party, anil
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Applicant	
Address	
Occupation	
Age	
Citizen	
Admitted to Local 1»0..
 Chairman.
 Rec.-8ec.
Miners'Magazine
Published  Weekly  by  UM
Wtfttn- F«dar_1lee 91 Mlun
A  Vigorous Advocate of Labor's
Caaaa.
Clsar-Cut aad Aggressive.
,l*er .Year ll 00.       Bis Months, 60s.
Addreaa:
MINERS' MAOA/JNK.
Denver. Colorado.
^empgMiia-^m■*•_■•■_■■■■_^s»s_s>
WANTED: by Chicago wholiaah
house, special representative let
each province In Canada. Salarj-
f20,00 and expenses paid wsskly.
Bapenee money advanced. Bud-
e*wm successful; position pennsJMrot.
No Investment required. Pre-dotf
experience not essential te eager
ing. Addreaa
General Manager, 182 lav* 9*
Chicago, III, V 8.A.
THE  WESTERN  CLARION
S yearly anb. cards for $3.7S.
Bundloe  of  25   or  more  copies
'one addreaa,  for a period of
1 months or more at the rats of
«**nt per copy.
to
thra*
Patronise our advertisers.
60  VI*"»'_
■XPr-MCNCI
ATENTS
w____«3-r-i!i__i
• sonetl the business of Msdufsctuirrs
Knerliieers snd others who realise the sdVinbll'
iy of hsvlog their Patent business trsuwcled
liyKxperts. Pretllminsry advice free. Chnrges
S.,"?'"•_ °J*r tvtntet's Adviser sent upon
nqflsst Msrl-m A Msrlon. New Vork Life* » dg.
Moulie-al j «iiU Wsshlniftou, D.C, V.*U.       "* L
Trade Ma«*<«
OiaioNS
OonvmoHTB ae*
■ llniisiM
- »n
Mm-
sum*
StkMific Hmtrk*iH
§>£S2__?_k3v£&' Tl
Saturday
July 14
1906
THE WESTERN 0_J_feiO_!t VANCOUVER,   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
THREE.
5 PARTY MATTERS
9
9
9
9
AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
These columna have been pluceel at
tba disposal of the Party. Secretaries
of locals are requested to take inl-
vaiituge of them In, at Intervals, reuniting conditions In their respective
localities. Communications under this
iiell,' should be addressed to the Dominion or Provincial Secretaries. Lo*
I ,,,..■, claries are further rei-ucatud to
look to these columns for announcements from the Executive Committee*
Hy this menus the business of the
party will be fucllltnted and the Dominion and Provincial secretin Ies
relieved of a little of the increasing
burden of correspondence.
TO STUDENTS OF  SOCIALISM.
In order to afford comrades an
eaiy access to standard works on
Socialism, thc committee has decided
to lay in a Itocll of literature. The
following ire '*n baud and will bc
lent poal paid to any address at
pruc*. quoted. Two-cent stamps
mil be accepted for sums not exceeding as '•"•"•■•'; .       .,    .,
The   l "tntniinist      Manifesto,
K.irl   Marx    10 cents
Socialism,   Utopian   and   Scientific,  Marx   &   Kni'cls.. .io cents
Wane   LabOf   and   Capital,
Karl   Marx  Scents
Philosophy  of  Socialism,  A.
M   Sun.ins      Scents
S. eislitm and Farmers, A. M.
Snnniis s cents
Other works procured to order.
FOR THE SINEWS OF WAR
An will be aeen good use has been
- .',- e.f the moneys subscribed so far
to the organizing funds. Further or-
phlilng lours am under contemplation
K funds are available. Further sub-
stri-itlons are therefore urgently BO*
;■...>•: nt, with the great Interest that
ii <t present being manifested In Soul.;!*;n, no better time could lie found
tm ipreadlng the propaganda and
building up the organixatlon.
DOMINION  OROANIZINO   FUND.
*l*he following sums have bam   n-
• c-i-.ed  to date
Balance on hand HUB
!!   Wad.-,  Port  Harvey    5.00
Total WM
Forward all contributions to
J.  G.   MOKOAN.  Sec.
551 Harnarcl St.
Vancouver, B. C.
PROVtNCIAL  eiH<!ANI7.ATIeiN
FUN I>
Balance on band   $2i M
M    llaillday        1.00
Brneel Profit     I'm
Tol.el    WM
CAMPAIGN FUND.
ll has been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central fund
i" be used in generally assisting in the
coming campaign and more csix-eially
for the purpose of printing ami distrt*
bating campaign literature.
All  comrades   wishing
for tins   fund   should   at
to the  provincial   secretary   for  a  re
"ipt  book,      No   effort    should    bc
'furtil in building up this fund.
Ttr following amounts received up
to tee:
M Hallktar  $.oo
PWip Terhin    i.oo
Tw.i Clarion subs    (Alt.    Leah
»nd  Leeds)   	
to    collect
once   apply
I oo
$400
The
er in
In .use
dire  I
ceimtnittec being a  Itockhold-
the    co-operative    publishing
of ("has.  herr 8* Co, can pro-
iterature for the locals at cost.
Campaign fund receipt books arc
now ready and will be furnished to
l'-cals at io rents each,
I). G. McKENZIE,
Secretary.
ad
VANCOUVER LOCAL, NO. 1
Vancouver local regular business
meeting, j„iv Q.
Minute,  of   previous   meeting
and approved.
Three applicants admitted to nn-m
hi-rshtp.
Warrants were authorized for the
""'lowing sums: Rent eif Sullivan
nail, $150; due stamps, $250; litem-
"**<; agent, $.vss; lift'it, $1 •*■<.
' "•mniinii-atieiii's were received
•'■'■n Com. Cloak and from the city
clerk.
JJrpeirtR from the literature agent
'"fl  various   coinmittees   received.
1--.n Morgan appointed chairman
'"■ Sunday night. Secretary instruct*
T'1 to communicate with Miss Parr
"1 connection with musical pro*
Kumme.
Com, Stevens appointed treasurer
'"" campaign fund and instructed to
Procure twenty live receipt books
•roni the provincial executive. All
"ifmhers requested to be present at
""".I meeting to name a place for
Cf"ivcntion.
Receipts; Dues, $3.oo; literature
?■'«•*. $3.50; collected at Sullivan
""'I. %3.70i total, $10.25.
■"Ijnurnment.
FREDERICK  PERRY,
Secretary.
FROM REVELSTOKE, B. C.
....    . Revelstoke, B. C.
lhe local question today is, will the
contest for the- supremacy of power
ID British Columbia between the two
old stagnant and moss-grown parties
take- place Ihis fall or not? What
will be the gain of thc Socialist? Lose
we certainly never will. We are ever
ready fur the fray. Persistent agitation is going on every day of the
year. The Socialist campaign i.-, always in full swing. We do not need
t" make elaborate preparations. Our
propaganda of education, imbuing the
wirking class more and more with
the fact that the establishment of the
Co-operative Commonwealth must bc
preceded by the economic emancipation oi the working class, by class,
conscious political action, having for
its Object the overthrow of the capitalist state and the inauguraitjn of the
collective system, upon which alone
the establishment of thc Co-operative
Commonwealth is possible, goes   on
ceaselessly; goes on because we know
that there is no hope for the working
class in either of the two capitalist
factions. Formerly there was a con
Ilut of interest between these two,
which has, with the relaization 01
their ends, long disappeared. Capitalism is the master, and the Liberals
and Conservatives are only the two
wings of one party—the Capitalist
party, organized to protect capital.
A working class party must not
only be Independent Of the two parties; it must be hostile to both.
This accounts for thc action of our
Socialist members in the provincial
parliament; why they did not assist
thc Liberals to wsrtheow il.e present
geivernmcnt. I.ibet-i* belong to the
same class as their nomtial exponents
in power and tht-ir class intersts are
identical. A Liberal government
would bc just as bad as thst from
which we arc suffering today, subjected to the same influences and dominated by the same capitalist interest,
We Socialists are cctrainly indiffcr/
nt to a mere change of name; whichever of these two tiartics are in office
iur masters are still in power. Liberals and Conservatives are mere pup
pets iii thc hands of thc financial gang
which  rules the world today.
Between the two old parties there-
are no esential, no fundamental differences, but between these two parties and the Socialist Party there is
an impassable, insurmountable wall.
Thc Socialist Party, as a working
Claaa party, has for its aim the emancipation from wage-slavery of thc
working class, which can only be attained by the socialization of thc
means <.f production, Therefore a
working class party must be a Socialist Party. Anything short of this
has no reason for existence and cannot  exist for any length  of time.
it may bc that the bulk <ii our
working class arc not yet ripe for this;
but economic conditions will force
them rapidly into line. They will realize more and more that it is not
worth while to trouble about politics
except as a means of social salvation.
The indications are that we will
have another party in the field—-a Liberal-Labor party, similar to that of
Australasia, which has gained certain
political triumphs, but has absolute'*.
tailed to alter economic conditions in
thc least  degree.
This sort of politics can benefit the
working class but little. For those
institutions of government e>r municipal ownership, to show how it can be
done, serve the capitalist class far
more than the wage-earning, dispossessed masses. They arc only examples of capitalist collectivism and is
only extended to non-productive services.
The wealth-producing industries
will always remain uiulcr capitalist
control and will only be given up by
an overwhelming public demand enforced in parliament by a majority of
Socialist representatives.
I would like to have cvry working-
man understand that it is impossible
for a political party to serve capital
m.i labor at tit- •**'•** throe.
Reform is impossible because plutocracy will not allow it. They con-
trol the legislative and judicial machinery, therefore the present class
war must end in full emancipation or
total subjugation nl the working class.
And in your hand it lies entirely a*
to how it shall end.
The tight is on.
!*he ballot il thc weapon.
IL SIEGFRIED.
Rcvchl.-ke. B. C Jul?,  ic*-*'
ONE THING AND ANOTHER.
HYDROCEPHALOUS.
culler
.f the
taunt*
their
from
"Prov-
The Conservatives arc often
ed with being prehistoric in
ideas. Thc following
the umbrageous foliage
ince" would indicate that some, at
least, of the Liberals are antediluvian
in theirs:
"The Knglish women suffragists
who attacked Mr. Asc|tiith. the Chancellor of the Exchequer, insist on goto jail as martyrs to the
One of the "prominent citizens" of
Winnipeg, when asked for his views
on the Sunday car question, said he
was glad the by-law had passed and
thought that large numbers of working men would take advantage of
the cars to get to some place where
they could enjoy to the full the day
of rest "given" to them, and went
on to say that "in their small houses
crowded into a narrow twenty or
thirty foot lot they certainly cannot
be gaming any health and they are
taking chances of ill health by remaining     in     the   places   they     call
home.
* *   *
"Given*" to them is good. This
gentleman lives in a large house
replete with every convenience and
surrounded by spacious grounds
beautifully kept, a joy to the eye.
Should the working men bc forced to
stay in "thc places they call home"
every day in the week they might,
possibly, draw comparisons between "their small houses crowded
into a narrow twenty or thirty foot
lot" and the mansion of thc gentleman above mentioned, and probe for
the reason of the difference, so by
all means let them get away once a
week. No doubt the gentleman in
cpiestion is cjnitc satisfied that providence in its inscrutable wisdom has
placed the workingman in thc small
house in the crowded and hot street
anel himself in the airy house. Quite
satisfied, and yet he is glad the ways
of providence are interfered with
once a week. The working class
must become its own providence
and see that every worker has a
comfortable home with no lack of
light and air, and, therefore, no necessity to pay a street car company
to take him into the fresh air once a
week, and, incielcntally, an end will
be put to thc hypocritical interest in
his welfare of which we have heard
so much lately. This can be done,
not by attempting to defeat by-laws
which the majority desire to pass,
but by  getting into politics    in    the
right place, at election times.
* »   *
The Canadian papers have exploited the American meat scandal
for all it is worth, hoping to turn
the trade lost to Americans into
Canadian channels. Like the Pharisee, they loudly prolcaim that we
are not as our neighbejrs are in the
meat industry. As a matter of fact
the conditions are bound to be the
same on this side of the line as on
the other, for like causes produce
like effects. Recently the Dominion
government appointed one lone investigator of Canadian packinghouses. A whitewashing committee
..f one. evidently. Unable* to wait
for Dominion whitewash, the Winnipeg trade prevailed cm the provincial
government to whitewash them on
their own account, which was
promptly done. We are now informed under government seal and
delivery that everything is lovely
in Winnipeg abattoirs except the
llo.iring. N"t a word is said of the
tuberculosis beasts that arc killed nor
anything of the lumpy-jawed animals
which do not go cast "( Winnipeg,
nothing of the spoiled meat, alive
with flics and maggots, which is reported tn go into the sausage, flies,
maggots and all! Presumably no
cow that is about to calve or has just
calved is killed. Of course not; everything is lovely. To hear and to
read what ex-employees of Canadian
abbattoirs say makes one more than
dubious. When nearly every article
of food manufactured in Canada is
adulterated (vide government report")
is it reasonable to suppose that the
meat  is wholly good?
SPARTACUS
 o	
MACHINE DOES WORK
OF ONE HUNDRED MEN.
Buckeye   Traction   Ditcher   Operated
by Utah Gas ft Coke Co.
Thousands of Salt Lake people have
paused during the past few clays to
watch the operations of the big Buckeye traction ditcher, which is being
operated by the Utah Gas & Coke
Company in this city. This immense
machine! which is the first of thc kind
seen here, docs thc work of 100 men
and ploughs a trench through the
hardest ground at anv required depth.
The machine weighs a great many
tons and thc trench is dug hy an immense wheel run hy steam. Thc same
power which causes the big wheel to
revolve also moves thc big machine
along, inch by inch, so that thc wheel
which does the digging has the required amount of ground to work on
all the time.
The big wheel is supplied with cup-
shaped receptacles, which penetrate
the ground as the machine moves
along. As thc wheel revolves, the
dirt which is scooped up is emptied
upon ■ caanvaa roller, which operates
in connection, and is dumped  to one
side.
Where thc ground is not too hard
or rocky the machine has a capacity of
eight fed a minute. Thc present
trench being dug by the monster is
,1 feet 4 inches in depth and is for the
ice jiti.m of the gas pipes of thc Utah
(las & Coke Company.,Excellent pr-
being made with th
It is worse than useles to attack
capitalists as individuals and apply to
them the terms thieves, rascals or
robbers. Capitalism as a svstem is
robbery. It is a wholesale plundering of the working class. Individual
capitalists or concerns are no more
responsible for it than is the meanest working man in the land. Human society has grown into capitalism
by a long historic process. It will
grow into the next succeding order or
system by a similad evolutionary process. It is tbe mission of the revolutionary proletariat, as well as every
person who has the welfare of mankind at heart, to do their utmost to
hasten the process.
 o	
The third wife, according to the of-
fle-liil record, of James L. Gates, u millionaire Milwaukee- business man, has
sued him fur divorce. She accuses
him of being cruel to her, and that
"he- use cl t-etH'.ii.il violence, was abus-
tve anel scurrilous, and Hpe.ke to her
In the vilest language." Strange to
say, Qatea is either a good Republican
or an equally good Democrat. 80 far
as known he ls not afflicted with any
leaning whatever towards Socialism.
 o	
Every live Seicialist, who works at
it, should secure a campaign fund
receipt book and wade into the task
of creating a healthy provincial campaign fund. If the workers ever intend to get Socialism they'll have to
figure on paying for it, working for
it, anel, if necessary after that, fighting for it.
For the
Campaign
Fund.
Having been authorized by
tbe publ shers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate $1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Cither renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
D. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver. 8. C.
9
9
9
9
AGENTS WANTEO
|   YOU CAN MAKE A LIVING AND HELP THE CAUSE
0
BY SELUN6
THE JUNGLE
I   _-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_._.
9 Some who started early are now selling ten
5 copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
S a copy.   Send to   us  for circulars and  wholesale
**-j prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
|       THE JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO.,
§ BOX 2064 NEW YORK.
9
®m%®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®9®99999
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i
TO "CLARION" READERS.
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually in type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity In the
performance of their duties, even lf
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition iu the future.
Tlie- publication of periodicals of
every dc-M-riptloii is a specialty with
The "Clarion," Telephone or write
Tor estimates. Every facility for such
work, ami prompt ness antl satlsfae-tlem
guaranteed.
SEWING MACHINE.
tOLLEK BEARINO,
HIGH
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
by btrrhg thb
reliable, honest
high grade i
ing machine.
STRONGEST GUARANTEE*
National Sewing Machine Co*
SAN  FRANCISCO.  CAL.
FACTORY AT BELVIDenE. ILL
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
i
|    Victoria   Advertisers    1
o o
PATRONIZE THEM - AND
TELL THEM WHY.
Colonial Bakery
30  Johnson  St.,  Victoria. B.C.
UNION-MADE BREAD AND CAKES
Delivered to any part of ths city.   Ask
Driver   to   call.      Thon*  849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
tw
I
COMMERCIAL   I
PRINTING
ing
cause,
would
*•'»'•» Sunday evenings propaganda
•".^ting in Sullivan hall was addreas-
?« I>v R. P. Pettipiece, his subject bc-
'"R "The Tendency of Capitalist Gov-
ffnment Towards Industrial Adminn-
'■ation.**
In some ol the labor papers on our
.^change list we find long l'''ls1„?f
yrnis printed under the caption. We
Don't Patronize." Neither do we. We
haven't the price.
A drenching In a duck pond
probably COOl their ardor and    bring
them i>i their senses."
It would he interesting to know
what his wife thinks of so gallant
and chivalrous a being as the editor
iif the "Province."
 o	
The packing investigation kicjt-up
is now quieting down. 1-vcrythmg
will ioon bc forgotten and the thin-
skinned howler who has been gagging
over the recent disclosures will again
flop his lip over the tubercular beef
hog cholera sausage, pottei
canned delicacies w
gusto.	
Sam Gompers proposes that organized labor question oan,l„latea (or
office, Sam is becoming »l*°8«-**«
too radical. A step further and he
will be throwing bombs.
■ ^^^^^
uress is being
The Crisis
.rk.-
And now it has been discovered that
e factories of the olel country where
and other truck is turned
bec( and
his   old-time
th
jam
out ar>*
sausage  - -- - . ,
as filthy as the Chicago pae.k-
,e«na0that'Canada isthc only co-tntr*/
This does heat all.     It
     ji
are decnt. Did
Rums  8
It is hoped not
THY
HASHES' FAIR
x-o_* _w ci____ra_:
71 Seven-mat Uriel, Vtctirli, 8. C.
T-LHi'HONK H77D ',
! HENRY BEHNSEH & Co. \
Muulactarer el
HAVANA
CIGARS
Ne. I Ciatre St.
VICTORIA, B.C,
^ ,-*****wPPPwP
on earth where people _..
somebody whisper Pat Bum &(.o
and cholera pork?
IF YOU WANT TO KNOW
what the- Party Is ilolnur on the Pacific
Coast  of  tho  United  States,
BEAD THE
"SOCIALIST VOICE"
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For  the SoclullRt  Party und  Hy tho
Socialist Party."
Ten Mivks, i'-n rents; one year, 50 eta,
SEND FOR SAMPLE COPY
—while you're thln_liiK
HAROLD BURNETT
NEWS AGENT.
the
San
Victoria Representative for
Hearst publications, u.s follows:
rriuu-ls«*e> Examiner, l.os Angeles Kx-
iimliier, Clile-airo .Vnii-ilc-nn. New York
.Viui-i-lc-iin, lloMon American; Home
uml l-'ui-m Weekly. C'hU-agu; C0.11110-
puiiuiii Miikiu.Iiii'. New York.
Also HKcnt for the followlncj:
Seuttle Times, Portland Oreironlan.
San Praneisc-o Chronicle, l.os Angeles
Times.
Prompt and regular dally delivery
service lo mibsciibors.
Advertisements of every description
tnken for any newspaper.
I
ONE KIND • THE BEST
TELEPHONE 824
-»♦-»-»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a KITH HAT see to lt
that the Genuine Union Label Is sewed In lt. It
a retailer has loose labels In his possession and
offers to put one In a hat for you. do not patronize
him. Loose labels In retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only cm two. John B. Stetson Co..
of Philadelphia. Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOI I'I'IT. ITtMiclent, Orange, N. 3.
MAKTIN LcAWI/Olt. Secretary, tl Wnverly PI*****,
1        New York.
ill
-•««**** THE WESTERN
j -.
W.W
rtr^rrtmt    rrAMitTTV**     BRITISH     COLUMBIA. ^
Saturday Julv
_4i 1906.
NEWS AND VIEWS!
this country.      We trust, ltf**"*2
will not be long before Ot he r sj e*K
field.       I don t su
taml    tci    lose
ers are put in the
where  the  executive  	
anything, provided they send   out t u
-*-*■■*' men (or women).      It was noa
a bad time for Jim to be here,
9
j-l^^ijei^ _S^pJ5»<iUJ4JiiiJ-«^M**Bwi^^i^^^^^^^»^^^^^^ —   m -——- -■    •    •
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   |
Edited by R. P. PKlTTTPIKCE, to whom aU rarrespondenco for thla department should be addressed. *♦$
0
sibly „      ^^^
with so many counter attraction*
(the miners' picnic Monday, Eagles
celebration Tuesday and Wednesday)
but he has done splendid work  lure.
Yours in and for the revolution,
W. H. MOORE, Secretary.
Fernie Local  No. 17, S. P. ol  <_.
ounl	
Cascade Beer Sellsal|
Queen Beer Over the
Ale and Stout    Country
IN THE THROBS
OF REVOLUTION.
The First of a   Series   of   Articles,
Written for Clarion  Readers, by
Com.   John  Cloak,   of Belingham,
Relating His Experiences, Observations and Conclusions as a Lifelong Factory Hand.
During recent times a complete revolution in the held of production has
occurred in all civilized countries and
its results bid fair to transform    the
entire world within the next generation.      In fact, we are in the throes
of revolution at this very moment, and
its success depends upon our possessing a correct understanding of   the
present system of production and dis-
so that we may know how
brought into existence the scythe.
Thus began thc evolution of the hand
tool in harvesting grain.
During the age of the sickle 30 men
could cut and bind ten acres of grain
in one day. With the cradle 15 men
could do a like amount. Then came
the reaper, when 6 men were all that
were required. This number was
reduced to three by the advent of the
harvester, and later on to one by the
self-binder. One man with the self-
binder can accomplish as much as
could thirty men with the sickle.
After the grain is cut comes the
threshing. The first threshr in the
shape of a hand tool was the flail.
This consisted of two clubs fastened
together with a string passing through
a hole bored near one end of each
club. One club was considerably
longer than the other and was used as
the handle by which the shorter one
was swung to beat out the grain as
the sheaves were spread upon thc barn
floor.     The chaff was separated from
tribution »^ ..._.  ...  m
to apply our energies so as to bring
the revolution to a successful issue.    ,nuul<      _„v	
Either human society must    move | the grain by pouring the mixture from
"      -•"""*    c-nmmnn-  -n. rerentacle to another in such    a
forward to a co-operative common
wealth, under which the means of production shall be operated for the com-
n benefit of the members of society,
return to the use ot hand tools of
mon
or
the olden time. Certain it is that so
ciety cannot much longer feed itself
under the present form of ownership
and administration of the means of
production. To return to hand tools
would mean a return to small production and a reversion to the primitive
existence long since past. A return
to hand tools is, however, impossible,
even if such a return were advisable.
Whatever the power may be that
shapes the destiny of the race, it impels us to move forward and not to
retrograde.
To move forward to the co-operative commonwealth, the shortening
ing of the hours of labor and the ending of exploitation will be to banish
the ghost of poverty from the earth
forever. Then will the race have attained its freedom in very truth.
To be sure of our ground, let us
analyze the question and ascertain if
possible whether nature is at fault for
the poverty and wretchedness of today, or whether it results from man-
imposed laws, rules and regulations.
The workers as a class experience
good times, as they are called, when
they are able, by working steady and
hard, to fill themselves with the commonest kind of grub. Even this grub
has been produced by their own labor, as well as the fabulous wealth
of their employers besides. During
times of depression, or so-called hard
times, when granaries and warehouses
are bursting with the products of labor, these workers can go hungry
and in rags. They may be able to
I'I obtain a little credit, which is a sort
of mortgage on their future. This
means reduced fare for themselves
during the period while they are again
busy repeating the process of filling
the storehouses and hastening a return of another era of hard times,, depression, idleness and starvation.
Nature has decreed that as long as
man's energy is not diminished nor
his wants abated; so long as the seasons do not fail to come, the sun to
shine or the rain to fall, man can obtain his supplies in abundance. As
these factors do not fail, we will be
forced to look for the cause of poverty within present day society. As
production must precede consumption
it will be necessary to examine our
mode of production to ascertain if,
perchance, it holds the key to the solution of the problem. To do this
it is necessary to take up various lines
of production and examine in order
to know positively what has taken
place in the past and its bearing upon the question at issue.
Let us first take up the farming industry-and see if machinery has proven an aid in this important line of
production. Less than 170 years ago
all seeds were planted by hand. This
was of necessity a slow and laborious
method. The first process of breaking up, or loosening, the soil was by
the use of sharp sticks or forks of
wood. In time they were pointed
with iron. This was the origin of
the plow. A man with a spade could
in a day, from sun to sun, turn over
one-fourth of an acre of ground. With
■ a horse and a forked stick one-half an
acre could be loosened up in a day.
**■' This was multiplied by four with the
advent of the all-steel chilled plow in
general use among farmers today.
Upon the large farms of the present
time is used thc gang-plow, with
which the labor of one man is equal
to the plowing of 55 acres in one day,
or 220 times as much as could be accomplished by the man with the
spade. Less than sixty years ago
the seeding of wheat, oats, rye, barley, etc., was done entirely by hand.
The farmer would carry a sack containing from 30 to 50 pounds of seed
and scatter the grains as he passed
over the field. The means used during those times to cover the seed were
also primitive and inefficient, and
much of the grain was lost through
remaining uncovered and being picked
up by birds, etc. Now thc drill is
used that not only sows the seed but
thoroughly covers it at the same operation. By these .improvements in
sowing of grain it is said the productive power of labor has been multiplied fully twenty fold.
Machinery not only sows seed but
also sets out plants. Tobacco plants
can be transplanted over 10 acres of
ground in a day by one machine. Potatoes, cabbage, in fact all kinds of
plants are now transplanted by machines, which have thus multiplied
the power of the hand laborer from
20 to 500 times.
In the gathering of crops a more
marked evolution has occurred. Two
centuries ago all grain was harvested
with the sickle. Joseph Jinks' idea
o! using two hands with a long blade
one receptacle to an	
manner as to allow the wind to blow
the chaff to one side. This method
would only work, of course, when the
wind was blowing. Then the fanning
mill was devised for this purpose, the
field soliciting all the time. And then
save enough to do the same in Chi-
go, St. Louis, etc., etc., all over the
country. it's not a question of how-
cheap, but now good. What, in my
humble estimation, most of our papers lack is a few pages devoted to
the general news of the day, so that
instead of subscribing for other papers for current news, one could find
it in one's own journal.
Remember what I handed to you
in regard to thc coal situation in the
east? Guess you've read, of course,
of thc so-called State Mining Police,
or rather companies' thugs paid by
the State, as that is cheaper for thc
coal barons. I note that a whole lot
of Mitchell's dupes arc getting shot
and crippled. But then, when the
next election rolls around, these poor
slaves will be told that a republican
governor ordered those deputies out;
a democrat wouldn't have done that—
of course not—until he got in thc
governor's chair. That daily paper
of New York, above mentioned, could
do a whole lot of good in the mining
regiejn—but it takes agents to get at
those people. There are hundreds of
thousands of miners and it would
keep a hundred agents for thc paper
busy a couple of years to get around
to show them where they are at.
Poverty? Yes, it's down here a-
plenty. See 'cm sleep on the soft side
of the stone steps, and on the park
benches, just like in Mexico. But
then, Cuba never was so prosperous
as at present. You can see that in
every paper you pick up. The fact
that I pay $21, American gold, for
a room per month is some proof. And
the fact that every American here is
sized up as having lots of coin is an-;
other. And Van Home, he of the
C. P.. right where you are, sometimes
called Billy, is here,too, for a graft of
$6,000 bonus per mile to build some
more railroads besides the ones he
has now. He wants $500,000 a year
for four annums—two million—so yon
can figure how many miles he will
The Cuban house has already
II   Was   v,\.,.......    .~.         ,
wind being supplied by certain wood
en fans that were made to revolve by
turning a crank. Another crude and
primitive method of threshing was by
driving oxen back and forth over the
sheaves of grain as they were spread
upon a suitable floor or platform.
Then came a mechanical contrivance
known as a huller, which took the
grain from the straw, chaff and all,
after which it was run through another machine in order to get rid of
the chaff. These two machines were
eventually consolidated into one, thc
modern threshing machine. With
this machine the labor of one man for
one day will accomplish more in the
threshing of grain than the olden time
man with the flail could do in a year.
Up to this time cutting and threshing had been conducted as two sep- Ibuild Tht _
arate operaticr..,-.■■■•'■-*M«<*r*-'*-..:h-av-c, tt-fo&gsed th* b'-U-  ths.senate will  too,.
         --.-»„«.«     It  •* __ ■"^■^*sss»ssss»*e*esssssssssssss»__^_^__*
those sections of the country where
climatic conditions are favorable for
its use, the Holt header and thresher, which cuts, threshes and sacks,
ready for the market, the wheat upon 105 acres of ground in one day.
With this development of the mechanical farmer hundreds of thousands of the boys reared upon farms
find they must leave them and go elsewhere in search of employment. With
these iron farmers the labor of one
man is sufficient to accomplish as
much in one year as the labor of one
man in the olden time, armed with
the sharp stick, sickle and plow could
have accomplished in two lifetimes.
In exmaining the farming industry
and the tools and appliances used we
find nothing to warrant any poverty
or distress resulting from a lack of
production of farm products. The
power to produce is more than sufficient to supply all reasonable wants
of human kind. It will be, therefore,
necessary to carry our investigation
into other lines of production to find,
if possible, the weak spot from which
the trouble comes. Until we find
that spot, until we locate the source
of trouble, we can apply no remedy
of lasting virtue.
(To be continued.)
P. S.—In my next article I shall go
less into detail, merely stating facts
and leaving the reader to furnish his
or   her   own   embellishments.—John
Cloak.
 0	
WORKING  CLASS  MOVEMENT.
And Capitalist "Prosperity" the Same
in Cuba aa Elsewhere — Extracts
from a Comrade. Letter.
I see by the Clarion that all the
comrades in B. C. arc moving along
nicely, and wish them all the biggest
measure of success:. Our time will
come. By the way, there is a Spanish
socialist paper published here. Shall
send you a copy for your edification.
My Spanish that I used to know from
the time I worked in the City of Mexico I have almost forgotten, but it is
coming back to me by dribbles. Shall
dig up a few of the comrades of the
Spanish and Cuban variety here and
hope I'll run across a few that sabe
English. The term for England is
"Inglaterra." These "Socialista"
brethren here are dead wise, you may
lay to that. What little 1 can gather,
they are good and class conscious.
While in New York I made a study
of the Jews of the Fast Side. There
are three Hebrew daily papers published in that burg, and thc average
Jew there (or so it seemed to me) is
very intelligent and recognizes the
class struggle. Was present at the
monster open-air socialist meeting to
protest against the way in which
Moyer, etc., had been abducted and
were being railroaded to the rope's
end. Say, although thc brothers
were absolutely peaceful, the number
of club swingers was something
strong. From where I stood, a little to the east of the main stand
(there being speaking from several
places at the same time), I counted
eighteen well-fed police. What were
they there for? The Lord and the
captains of police only know. We can
only surmise.
That big Socialist daily paper in
English (there already being one in
the German language) is now an assured fact. The comrades in Brooklyn
and all over are giving entertainments, etc., to help swell the fund,
which is already well up in the five
figures of $$.
That'll help some.
And if the comrades don't make thc
mistake to publish it too cheap, 'twill
do good in more ways than one. My
idea would be to charge enough to
keep big numbers    of agents in the
I reckon, from the way things look-
But 'tis whispeftd that it will be a
sort of whack-up with those voting
for  the  good thing in  this  congress
here.
Does it look reasonable?
Regards  to  the    comrades  as may
remember me.    Your friend,
JOHN C. BOHLE.
■Habana,  Cuba,
"Habana Post," Prado 89.
 0	
A SOCIALIST UNIVERSITY.
To Be Established in Europe by the
Internationalist Socialist Bureau
to Learn and Equip Men and Women for the Responsibilities of the
New Era.
Berlin, July 6.—The executive committee of thc Sesrialist party has announced its intention to establish a
school in the autumn with the object
of preparing Socialist vouths for public life by lectures on national economics, socialism, law, history, science,
literature, the natural sciences and
debating exreises.
The above despatch, from the daily
press, will prove of unusual interest
to socialists throughout the world,
more especially those who are the
heads of families. While it is improbable that American proletarian
Socialists will be able to send their
children abroad to such a university,
the success of the first venture in this
direction will certainly signal another
such institution for America. Not
only is such a university a necessity
for the rising Socialist generation;
but there are hundreds of bright
young wage-slaves who would take a1
course at any cost. Active, well-informed propagandists we must have;
and that a Socialist university is to
be established to train and equip men
and women for thc task before 11s is
not only significant but essential.
o —
CROW'S   NEST   DISTRICT
We had a fair meeting on Sunday
night, considering no notice was given. We did not know for sure Jim
would bc here for thc meeting. Jim
was so hoarse hc could hardly speak,
so we did not press him to speak but
a few words that night. He gave us
a good speech at the picnic on Mem-
day and got a good reception, which
was nothing, however, to the reception he got last night, when hc spoke
in the Union hall to as many as could
get in. He spoke for two hours,
first giving us a comprehensive review of the meaning of such terms
as "Wealth," "Use-Value," "Surplus
Value," "Law of Supply and Demand," and "Competition," etc., and
showed wherein the wage-earner was
robbed of the product of his toil, afterward going into his work in the
house. His speech was very fre
quently interrupted by applause, and
at its close thc audience gave him
three hearty cheers. One of thc boys
stood at the door with a hat and got
$15, making $20 in all for Fernie. We
hope to hear him again on his return,
also hope to have him speak at Coal
Creek on the 10th, but he will have
to be careful of his voice or it will
play out on him before hc gets
through. He speaks in Coleman tomorrow night and in Frank on Friday or Saturday and Michel on Sunday, returning here next Monday*
Coal Creek Tuesday, and, if possible,
Cranbrook Thursday, 12th, from
thence cither to Moyic or on to Rossland on the 16th. It is a great pity
we could not get him oftcner, as
there is no doubt it would result in
much good for the cause all through
ROUSING MEETING AT MICHEL.
Michel, July e). 1906.
Com. Hawthornthwaite addressed a
fine meeting here on Sunday, July !**,
at the special invitation of local union
No. 2.C..M, U. M. VV. of A., Mr. Richard
Jones in the chair, lie explained in
a scientific manner production under
capitalism, defined the pawer and limits of trade uni inism towards bettering the condition of the wage earners,
showing that, even with political action under capitalism, the wage earner will remain enslaved; clearly convincing even (hc dullest ol his audience that their only salvation lay in
the extermination of the present system of production for profit, substituting in its place a system of production
for use.     He explained the functions
necesary  to  sustain  our  present  system,   which   clearly   showed   to   them
the manner in which they stood    enslaved to the capitalist class. Touching
on   surplus   value,   he    analyzed    the
laws  that  govern  commodities,    also
proving that capital was secured from
the unpaid sweat and blood    of    the
working slave; warned them also not
to take part in any booster club, claim
ing that it was n scheme of thc capitalist  to rivet  more  irons on  the Ivocly
of the wage slave, giving statistics to
prove  in  the  instance of   New   York-
City that capitnlism had destroyed the
homes of 500,0*0    people.       lie    explained the att.i k of the Liberal newspapers, also his reasons for voting for
the Columbia & Western bill anel the
Kaicn  Island hill.      Hc explained his
reasons for thinking that  it  was one
of the best deals hc had known, and
that if some of thc members had been
crooked it was no concern of his. He-
well   knew  that   capitalist   production
was based on robbery, so he did not
expect them to be straight. Throughout thc finest  e>f order prevailed  and
the meeting closed    with    a vote    of
thanks for thc speaker, which was carried unanimously.
Yours in the revolution,
WM. COLQUHOUN.
P. S.—When the union men knew
Jim.was in town on Saturday night
they would not be put off with the
the idea of hearing him on Sunday.
They requestd tne to try to get him to
give them a short address at thejfr !''.'
meeting. Jim kindly complied with
their request. A vote of thanks
was also tendcrd to him there.
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
 PROMPT SA1.KS
QtTICK  Kl Tl HNS
AM. lll'HINKS.H STRICTLY CONl'IDKNTIAI.
W.   FURN1VAL   ca  CO.
AUCTIONEERS, APPRAISERS. REAL ESTATE ANO
COMMISSION AGENTS.
LARGEST   MART   IN   VANCOUVER
Cor. Abbott OSt Cordova Ste. Old Con. Building.
FAR-FETCHED COLLUSION.
But Probably Morel Complimentary
Than Injurious to B. C. Workers—
"Resolution" Mas Ceaaed to Scare.
At a meeting held by Mr Haw*
thornthwaite, M. P. I', at Seattle, a
11. C. speaker named Cerif, who accompanied hun, said- "Workingmen,
capitalists and tyrant! cannot live in
the same age.       li    you workingmen
want  to prove yourselves capable oi
surviving   the   capitalists,     join     the
revolutionist    party      Shed blood if
necessary."    Mail- Herald.
This is Our
Proposition
without reservation oi eny i,10j
The. e-holc-p of hundred*! ot men's »*
i»-rhlv talloriMl unit fanlllaaslj f_*
lone*!  **1*>  lo ISO Hull* fe.r
$10.00
Coleman, Alta
"Had a line meeting here last night
hall full and intensely Interested.
Sherman came into the meeting late
and moved vote of thanks in fclicit
011s terms. You might thank thc
officials of the United Mine Workers
for their friendly treatment of myself; express my appreciation. I
would like to run clown to Lethbrldge, but cannot Stop out of II. C.
for long, as I had the kettle boiling
there and don't want it to simmer
clown. Alberta looks good te> me.
A fine type of proletarian, keen and
intelligent. It will run R. C. a close
seceind in the competition for control
of the legislature.      Well,  bc  good."
J.  H. II.
 o	
CAPITALIST PARTIES'
IDENTITY OF INTEREST.
ALL THESE ARE JOBOWNERS.
Socialist Party Must Supply a Representative ol the Exploited
Lumberjacks.
W. C Well*.. M P P.. ha- again
determined to bc a candidate m the
Liberal contest for North-East Kool
enay. He had intended retiring ir.nu
ilitics, but "ii his recent trip
through the elistnct he met wilh Mich
an enthusiastic reception everywhere
that he has determined t" nm .mon
It is Stated  thai   Mike t'.irlin  ih.cv   --p
pose  Mr   Wells in the Conservative
interest, anel falling him Cap!   Ann
string ,.r J   C.   Pitts  will he* Urged  t"
me   forward.— M ail - H er aid
 o—————-
Full   and  complete  liOM  in almost
atmrg   stylo — garnvntM   thai  »w«
i mad-    to "-ll     nl almost    total _«
' prices _o«r n*W|  for  Ihe-rn nre;  hem
i in a l" "(union o( styles and (a,■--. >
ftemr   before   waa   o*ir claim, "•»
1 give most for your Boor*//' wi e-k*
lv  demonstrates!.
K1LROY, MORGAN 00., Ltd
III Carina Strati
>4i m A-_______h_fc_h_h_h_h_h_h_ta_bA_fcA_*c_'A*t
I BURNS & CO :
a
♦
• ♦
"SEE VENICE AND DIE!'
A spec ial despatch to the Saturday
Nii-lit World from Seattle- makes the
following   startling   announcement   lo
a breathlessly swatting world:
"Among the \i-.it->ts t" Seattle this
week wa-. Mr Samuel Gothsrd, a well*
known newspaper man .if Vancouver,
who showed tua goodwill toward his
Seattle confreres by entertaining ihem
AMONG    THE    WORKERS
Exemplified and Emphasized by the
Jdining of PoliCcal Hands of Liberals and Conservatives in Newcastle Riding to Defeat the Representative of the Working Class.
The Nanaimo Herald in its issue of
Tuesday says: "Thc Liberals and
Conservatives of Ladysmith are calling a joint meeting to arrange, it is
said, for an independent candidate to
contest the Newcastle district with
Parker Williams, if, as is expected, he-
will be the Socialist candidate at the
next election."
Just as thc socialists have always
contended the old parties would do
when it comes to a show-down. And
also thc very thing thc Socialists
want tO sec done. The next campaign in Newcastle will bc capitalism
vs. Socialism—emly one issue. That
Com. Williams and his revolutionary
sielekickers will have to light to win,
no well-informed observer will deny.
A thorough knowledge of the tactics
of capital's bosses, politicians, hangers-on, submerged tenth, and scalawags, is sufficient to awaken the
Socialist to what hc is up against.
Ilut thc regenerating influence and
ceiffrts of a revolutionary proletarian
will prove equal to the occasion. And
despite thc damnable tactics now being practiced upon thc coal miners in
Czar Dunsmuir's domain, lhe Socialist party will triumph!
 o '	
THE PRICE OF FREEDOM.
"Enclosed pleased find a year**. «ub
scription for   Clarion, and some Other
ow," over and above, out of which
have sent to me here two copies eej
The Jungle," as another party got
interested m the game anel wants
inc. Thc rcsf devote tO the- e>rgati
i*cr fund for 1! C "—J. C, Bohle, He
bana, Cuba.
J    H.   Hawthornthwaite,   M    P    I'.
says: "Religions bodies of today are
allied with those who were endeavoring  to crush thc  working classes "
Revelstoke Mail-Herald.
HAROWARE and       *
Second Hand Oealer •
♦
*
Olid     Tends
Coot.     Stove*
Spe. laity.
Wc- buy and  sell  all   Mml
arrap   metal,     oM    nin< huKfy
rubber,  sacka,   bottiaa,  *%>
«   eil   t
ee-TV    t
Stores—108   Cordova  ■*'..  K .
hardware* A  Junk.     101 PC-tH *
St..   new   nnd  arrond hand fur- i
niture.
i P-ssi 1571
  ii
Vaacasvcr, I. 6. j!
If there is a workingman in any
of thc electoral districts m Hritish
Columbia not already represented by
the Socialist Party, let him write thc
provincial  secretary  at once,  request
ing an organizer and    a   candidate.
Remember, the party wants a contest
for each of the 4.- scats.
Every live Socialist, who works al
it, should secure a campaign fund
receipt book and wade into the task
of creating | healthy provincial campaign fund. If the workers ever in-
tenel tO get Socialism they'll have to
figure on paying for it. working for
it, and, if RSCOSSSry alter thst, light
ing for It
Revelstoke, Victoria and other cor
respondence still  "coming up."  WjII
appear in due course.
LEE & MORGAN
Telephone 1W
Sanitary  -U|MlU.    Plumbing In   a!
Its  branches Eat I mat n tcirnihhe*--
llepalrs,   stove ronneytions, •*!<.•
OHAftOM HEASoNAiiu-:
901 ■tSimgJItn ML, Csrstr it fw
saaaawt*
WAGE LABOR ♦
AND CAPITAL ♦
The United States National Office
is in receipt of thc following from Ihe
International Socialist Bureau, Cam-
illc   lluysmans,  secretary:
"Geneva, June 7, 1906.
"Dear Camillc Huysmans: In Riga
.36 revolutionists were arrested and
held for court-martial, two of whom
will probably be condemned to death.
It is useless to say that it is our desire to save our comrades. I beg you,
therefore, to write to the secretaries
of all thc affiliated parties and suggest
that they undertake an extended press
campaign against these executions.
Thc Douma will probably accept the
same resolutions. I cannot say that
we will succeed, but it is not impossible. Time being limited, wc must
act quickly and energetically. I believe our French-Canadian comrades
cam do much in this way. Do not
forget that the government does not
only kill but cafuminates these rcvo
lutionists."
WHICN  IN VANUOUVlfiU, t*.TOl» AT
THE   DOUGALL   HOUSE
MY KAIU. MARX
Kln-rlc     copies,    6   cent*
e-opli-s,  ■"& cents;   1'• ec-pl**"*
cents;   e)0     copies.   ll.Mi
ooplas  atnl   over.   -   OSnl ■
copy.
These   rntes   Include-   1
lo any part eif Canada
United KltiKclnm.
«, 5*
100
, ■.<•'
ttSM*
i   th-
"The Western Clarion
I wPAPAAtt*
AIIIIOTT
l-lrat ClaiM liar.
NTUKICT.
l-'vevllellt   ItiMims.
CAFE
OI'KN    HAV    ANO
I'rlci'H MiNlcrnle.
NIOIIT.
CDriTRQ    Practical BhI
.   rLlLna   M^ shoe Mii-
ic-r in
c»l-
llsnd-Mieilr Bernl-snel Slew
sll »tylr*.    Kepslilnjt prc.iiil.il> » '-*     ,
Shoes eilwsys 1.11 li»i"l
2456 Wtttralsttcr Ave.      ■»•«•" p,,,,,,
TO BE HAPPY
In The Good Old Summer Time
WIVES Nl'.i-.f) SI much relief as possible from the drudgery "
cooking,
HUSBANDS NEED well cooked, dainty meals.     With .1 g»s
the kitchen part   of the   housework is practically cut i" 1,v"-
should make somcl'iidy happy.
■•nil .1"
TelephO!l*8 .*i and we will send our   representative  to  g'^>   >
estimate of thc cost.
Vancouver Gas Company, Vi
■ttlVI
Tllll
SSB*

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