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The Western Clarion Sep 9, 1905

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 HE  WESTERN   CL
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
ON
:   I
m 3 $ I •
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, September 9, 1905.
Subscription Pries
rs- YSAS
Sl.00
IBOR WILL NOT BE DECEIVED
C-jr's Assembly Iron lhe Staidpolat al tha Revolutionary Proletariat
nm
MIU
loping •"'
arc rising
1
1
11 PI
hi
tide of    the   proletarian revolution.
Instead,    he hatches a Constitution
Which will act as oil on lire and
drive even the Liberals into tho
ranks of the revolutionary working
class, Such iui exhibition oi reactionary, folly is loo much oven for
her. ill is with her an axiom ol
political wisdom to give reforms
that would deceive Uio people, The
Czar's I'onsliintjoii is no deception
at ull. lf the Prussian Constitution is but a Qg-leal on absolution,
its Russian counterpart
ilie workmen uiul |K-as- fvi,lg K|UBs.
Itiissian
i-oliuiins   ol
huts ure ncunng a crisis
1 that the terribly
of the autocracy ia
army of heroic men
10 thu occasion dc-
overtbrow tho brutal
, ,.,,;,,., m, no matter what the
m> I,,. SL.en from the uiunifes
,.,,.„ilj    issued   by   tin
JlslS   I lining
orguD    -Iskru."     After  tt ring
,i  ■„
repudiate Uiu so-called na-
k,iiiIiI>, set up at Uie ins-
,,i the C/ur's government,
roreod to elect one of their
iiuinifesto winds up with
ni,(<  uugeous procounco-
is  u  mugui-
11,.
I'i
To criticize the scheme would be
ulinosl u waste of tune. K is olli-
ciully termed a scheme (or •••poim-
lur representation," but u more ingenious device for depriving it of
thut character could scarcely bo imagined. The working class in its
enlirety,   the  educated   cluss   iii      its
greater part,  the    uetty bourgeoisie
almost wholly are disfranchised,
lion of lluligin's assembly, [while the pesantry is given access
elect their own re- °iro\tgh a treble sieve. The only
people who will find their way to
the Assembly will he the richer
landlords,   rural  und  town,   the rich-
■ol
urkins 11.    peasants
1,1 citizens,  paying  no
and     all
attention
oil  to
■motives to provide for the call
If a universal constituent ussem
factory and iu every ,*** men-hunts und house-owners and
'u portion of the Industrialists. The
Poles; Finns—ln fuct the whole population of  the  periphery  is  left out
in  the cold.
in every
uiiimiinity let temporary re-
Intutivcs of  the |>ooplo be elect-
mil   fol 111   temporary   coin-
n  nil    towns  and   districts
|u iintnitteos   send   trusted
1.1  thc cupital  and  THERE
nil.   UIU'RESENTATIVES
Inn:  lil.SFRANOHISED  FACE
Ml si;     TlKl'llESENTAlTV-
IpI    1 III;   l'„OI'LE'    CALLED
illll.i:   liV   THE   CZAR.    Let tprove  of  the decision  of  the    Duma.
icu  that   will   of  the  popple  or may reject it,   or   endorse the de-
I. the l/ar has refused to bear. ici,s'1'" '" P° nflnor'ty> *"s' <* h"
, . pleases. In case the Duma refuses
ns, robbed, of your rights, !t0 ,,0HboraU. the State Council,
11 ulTttirs into your own .which is the legislative workshop to-
Tuke by force the rights duy. und is composed of oiliciuls up-
•   not   granted  you!
Then the Assembly possesses not a
I shade of a shadow of legislative
power. It is culled the liumtt,
which menns Deliberative Assemvly,
and thut it purely is. It muy dc-
liberute   und   nothing   more,   ihe only
source of  legislative power remains
as heretofore,   the  Czar,      Ile can ap*
oii,  comrades,   workingmen,
more thun any Others have
1   blood    for    Russian   froi-
who more than any others
I1
outicd
niiii'iii.
the
IIL'.
He
ll    your    rights   by   the
you   must   be   the    first
signal   for   the 'popular 'he wills it
nst  autocracy,
nnd is composed
pointed by the Czar, will deliberate
alone, nnd submit iim decisions to
;the t'/ar. The Assembly is elected
for five yenrs, l,ut the t'/ar alone
convokes it, nnd nlone fixes the dura-
Ition of the sessions. Thus he may
J call it together (Mice in a century
[nnd dismiss the "people's representatives"   to   their  homes  ns  soon as
to complete his education, or lf he has
net. like the shepherd Giotto, the luck
to meet with n rich Clmabue, he must
Inevitably vanish in oblivion In tho
sTcnt prlHon of wage-slavery, and society itself thus loses treasures ot Intellectual power.
lie who Is born rich although he owes his fortune
to no personal exertion, even
If his mental capacity Is below normal,
will play a lending role oil the singe of
life's theatre, nnd all servile people will
heap praises and flattery upon htm,
and he will Imagine, simply becase he
has money, that he Is (|ulte a different
person from what he really Is.
When property shall have become
collective, that Is to say, under the Socialist regime, every one will be ns-
mired of the means of existence, and
the dully labor will simply serve to
give free piny  to 111
pletely taken up, us they are ut present, by tha grievous and tragic buttle
for dally bread.
Socialism will assure to every one a
human life; It will give each Individual
true liberty to manifest and develop
Individuality — individualities which
they bring Into the world at birth, nnd
which ure Infinitely varied and unequal.
Socialism does not deny Unequal-
ity us one of the factors leading to the
free prolific ami many-sided development ol humnn life.
Two thousand colliery men on
strike at the llamsworth colli jry, in
lhe West Horn Hiding of Yorkshite,
Ungland, are being evicted from their
cottages by the company, to whom
they belong. Men, women and children, with their miserable belongings,
ure being thrown out on the roadside. All of which adds still more to
s|>e ial aptitudes , the -glory of  the  Empire,"  and the
1.uue or less original, or each Individual,  stabilitv   nnd   dignity  of   her  boasted
nil Hi.   b.-ij and most fruitful (poten-  institutions.     Also   the  sarredness  of
not  be con>-  property   is  once more affirmed.
tlally)   years  of  life   will
FARMING AND MANUFACTURING
Enemaai Experi Flgurai Proclaiaa latenie Exploitation al Labor
I'oliticul   Strike.
I; ' "I all, you should reply, all
the land, with a general and
I'rotesl aguinst the denial of
collie's rights. ANSWER THE
: WITH A I1KNKHAL STRIKE. !*-h<-mi
I not a chimney smoke, let not
•or* run, let not a storo bo
open, let not an office conduct
""ness,   while  the elections  pro-
f.'abs,      trolleys,     railways,
icrs—let   ihem ull  stand still I
"p your  work.     Do not   make
I"-'ml demand on your employ-
I'll   ihem   that,   this   time  you
II Btr.ko    against   the  govern-
if the Czar,
■vil'g   thus   quit   work,   arrange
 clings  and    demonstrations,
"li to put forth your funilu-
'1 demand—tne calling of a uni-
constituent assembly.
those meetings lake care that
wopio themselves, without the
■ronco of government officials,
'   iholr  delegates   to  go  to   the
A hope may lie entertained thnt it
powerless for any work, the iiuniii
may still be made nn instrument or.
ni least, an arena for agitation
This is already effectually guarded
against b.v the provision last mentioned—tho Czar can at any moment
send it home Besides, however, the
provides expressly that no
Changes in the fundamental laws of
Ithe Empire are to be discussed, and
that a member who goes out of his
way to tulk about matters "extralegal." is liable to be arrested. Then
however, the Duma is split up into
committees, so ns not to allow the
generation of nny esprit de Corp, and
both ihe public anil the press are
excluded from their sittings. Nor is
the  public     admitted  to  the   pknor
Our gieat trade balances of the past,
by which we have been enabled to pay
our Civil war debts and secure the capital needed for Ihe development of the
country, have been due chiefly to our
enormous exports of farm products. The
returns for the fiscal year 1905 show
that we are rapidly preparing for the
inevitable time when We shall cease
to figure In the world's agricultural
markets. (if our total export of $1,018,-
661, "I'll in lhat year no less than J543,-
620,297, or more than one-third of the
whole, eume under the head of the do-
mmestlo manufactures. Our sales ill
tl at department Increased by $91.175,000
in a year. In iron und steel manufactures alone our exports for 11*05 amounted to $134,727,921. The value of cotton
goods exported more than doubled ln
a year, and We sold nearly seven times
as much cotton cloth to China in 1900.
before the boycott, as in 1904. While
our exports of manufactures were Increased by nearly one-fourth in a
year, our exports of agricultural pro-
duds and ol nil other articles declined. Our sales of manufactured goods
have increased In such diverse fields as
Iron and steel, cotton, books, brass-
ware, bricks, candles, cement, chemicals, clocks and watches, copper, earthenware, glass, gunpowder, rubber
goods, jewelry, lamps, leather, paints,
paper, plated ware, silk, soap, spirits,
tobacco, woolens and zinc—Colliers
Weekly.
sittings of
press may
I i>v     order
by
iwisli
f  a
the  Duma,  and even   thi
be    excluded from     them
of    the President,  or by
Minister.
tl
U
loin in this strike, to lake
1 these meetings, call on all
vhom the governrant has do-
»l their rights, all who hold
'• freedom nnd welfare of llu-s-
I'onc  Against   Force.
'•'"'   for   that   strike  and,   nt.
ne   time,      prepare   to   repulse
-hiughts of  the  brutal   police.
ourselves     at  whatever    coHt.
wait  for  anybody  to    help
ih together your pennies   to
''•'1'on.s.     Form companies   of
•nre   in  overy    factory.     And
' conflict comes,  let not  the
ui away; let these companies
"i  in  beating  o(T   the  police
If any are arrested,  rescue
lorce.     Talk   with   the  Bol-
"i-l  explain   to them   the    ob-
Ihe    people's   fight.     Induce
" join  hands  with  you,    call
''in  to give their arms to the
Such Is, briefly, the "Constitution"
of August IM. It is ull "checks." to
speak with the Jurists, und no "balance," It is a highly creditable
'production of the bureaucratic mind,
but it speaks volumes for thoir folly. Where do they live—on Mars,
jor on n planet still more distutit ?
There Is not in the scheme even an at
I tempt to fool the public; it is all
plain   talk   and   frank   bonhomie.    Ho
lits authors believe  ihnt   the nation
Will accept it just, "for the honor ol
it," as the famous Irishman did
when taken to the fair in a bottomless chub".' Curious phenomenon
this blind innocence of rulers who at
'any moment may bo Hung into an
j abyss I Thoy think when the blood
I of the nation is up and they nre
threatened with destruction, that if
they dangle before its eyes an ingenious trifle, the rage will be allayed and the former Idyllic suhmis-
Biveness will return. Children who
regard others as children' The Hussion people attained Its iuai—lood on
the "2-11(1 of January; it '(ill tnko
whnl is due to it after ne Ifc'Ul of
August .—Th.  Kothsteln,  in Jnsllco
To read of these stupendous amounts.
Is to obtain at least an Inkling of the
marvelous productive power of labor
In Ihe United States, nnd the enormous
extent of its exploitation at the hands
of capital. It is true that this huge ex
portation was partially offset hy the
Importation of goods, but if the working
man will ponder the matter over for a
while he Will discover that precious little of thut which was imported ever
found its way Into his possession, and
even   thut   little   he  could   have  gotten
purt of the wealth he produced by his
labor but did not get. In other words
It ls a portion of the surplus-value taken from wage-labor by capitalist exploitation.
The export trade of the United States
largely exceeds Its imports. The bulk
of this excess fastens Itself upon the
countries to which It ls sent, in the
form of additional capital, i. e., means
of production used for the purpose of
wilnging surplus-value from the workers of that particular country. As the
industries of a country become capitalized, 1. e., turned into means of exploiting wage-labor, it is but u matter of
lime, until such country likewise becomes an exporting country, forced to
so become in order to dispose of its
surplus product. The essence of capitalist production is lhe wringing of
surplus-value from wage-labor, and
the continued existence of capitalist depends upon the conversion of such surplus-value Into additional capital. Whm
this can no longer be accomplished
within the confines of a country its
goods must be forced abroad In order
to effect this purpose. The huge export trnde of the United Stntes is nol
only evidence of n brutally exploited
nioletarlat, but also of the fact that the
plunder can no longer be transformed
Into additional capital at home, but
must be sent abroad for that purpose.
This export trade acts as a satety-valve
preventing nn explosion. But the time
must come, and, indeed. It is now rapidly approaching, when there will no
longer be foreign markets to conquer.
The explosion Will then come, only It
will be world-wide, and not confined
within the limits of any one country.
The only solace the workers can derive from reading the above from Col-
iieis, is, that they are not included ln
the "our" referred to by that sheet. To
show that they are not Included In the
"our" used, it is only necessary to call
the reader's attention to the fact that
the workers never had uny Civil War
debts,   no   "enormous exports  of  farm
WATSON MONEY-DIXON HOT AIR
Oaa Thi-o aal Aaatbar aa Saaa by Spartacat
ilotig quite  well  without,  provided he  products."   no   "total  exports"   of  any
had  reasonable access to the products
indigernous tothe United States.
Among the articles enumerated in the
above list, precious few are mentioned
of which thc American workingman
had a sufficiency. Therefore these
Ihinrrs were not exported to other countries because he had no use for them
but because he could not purchase
them. As his purchasing power was
determined by his wage, this vast a-
mounl of exports represented at least a
bind, nor sales of either manufactured
goods or farm products. The only
thing tha U. S. wage-earner has to sell
is his labor-power and thut Is so plentiful in his own country that he can
only occasionally find a purchaser, and
so plentiful abroad that lt is not worth
exporting. The "our" and "we" used
by Oplliers refers to an altogether different animal than the workingman
one that lives by grafting rather than
by sweating.
OUR GLORIOUS   CIVILIZATION
IU Beaalcaat laflueac: Upon the Natim al Soath Africa
to  the bnttle,  comrades!
'"ill  for  tho  poiiticni  strike I
►" for the universal constituent
lbl.vI    j|i|IT„h for equality!
Pwn    with    autocracy!       Down
(llnligin's Douma!"
—o-
r-^iA
IN   REVOLUTIONARY
THROES.
Hoe's egg has at last been
;u—a Constitution to stop tho
I'll'tion and a Parliament to
' 'Uiiament impossible. Even
'""Pi'nn bourgeois teels chilly.
"l"-«, much against hope, that
| eleventh hour tho Czar mny
""* something _>at. would "pac-
je country, that is, stem    tho
HQUAL1TY ANP SOCIALISM.
Prof.   Enrico  Ferrl,    In  Socialism   and
Modern Science.
This enables us nlso to reply to the
objection, too often repented, thnt Socialism stifles and suppresses human
Individuality under the leaden pall of
collectivism, by subjecting individuals
to uniform monastic regulations, and
by making them Into so mnny human
hers In the social honeycomb.
Exactly tbe opposite of this Is true.
Is It not obvious that it Is under the
present bourgeois (capitalist) organization of society that so many individualities ntrophy nnd nre lost to humanity
which under other conditions might be
developed to their own ndvnntnge and
lo tho ndvnntnge of society as a Whole?
Today, in fact, apart from some rare
exceptions, every mnn Is valued for
what he possesses, nnd not for what he
Is.
He who is born rich, although he owes
It to no fault of his own, may be endowed by nature with artistic or sclen-
Tbe following is quoted from a letter
from Pretoria!
"There is a lively stuto of things over
here. As a sample, there were two
horses stolen from an adjoining farm;
two Kaffirs- left for dead not far from
my store; and in going in to Pretoria
I learned that a white mun had had an
eye and his teeth kicked out and fifteen
head of cattle stolen from a krual. This
was all .vithin fourteen duys and wlth-
ing a radius of ten miles. I have an
explanation of these things, which are
the result of Hritish 'good government.' The original hut tax under the
Dutch Boer government was $3 per hut,
but they were not very particular nbout
Ils collection. Bart Orey (now Governor General of Canada) suid that under
good government there should be no
difficulty In obtaining KO.OIIO Kaffirs to
(\ork In the mines. The 'good government' consists of nn Increase In th|r> hut
tnx from $3 to $10 per hut, with an extra Imposition of the same amount on
encb wife The consequence Is that
the old Kaffirs send their young men
down to the mines, and the reports of
thc treatment and mortality there are
such thnt the Kaffirs prefer to go to
the towns and try to get Jobs as kitchen
boys—plenty to eat and not much work.
Well, they find there nre no Jobs to be
hud, nnd they return from the towns
without money and hungry. Then they
take to robbery and murder. That Is
my explanation, and I don't think I am
far wrong."
The hut tnx system may require some
further explanation to American renders.    The Kaffirs nre accustomed to a
tlflc genius, but If his patrimony Is Insufficient to enable him to triumph   In simple life, easily satisfying their needs
the first struggles for development and by cattle raising and rude agriculture.
They have little inclination to become
wage workers for the white mine owners, notwithstanding all the efforts of
the missionaries to impress upon them
the two cardinal principles of "the dignity of labor" and "the blessing of poverty." The capitalists think It a shame
that they should have to pay the higher
wages demanded by white workingmen
when there are so many blacks who
might be exploited. So the government
Is called In to compel these natives to
become proletarians. The hut tax thus
serves a double purpose—It supplies revenue to the colonial government and
ihus keeps down the rate of taxes on
capitalist property; it also compels the
Kaffirs to work for wages in order to
get money to pay the tax. In so far as
It serves this latter purpose, it works
harm to the white workingman as well
as to thc blacks, diminishing their opportunity of employment and reducing
their wuges. On the other hand, the
black workers in the mines are frightfully driven and abused; and thus placed between the devil and the deep sea,
many of the Kaffirs, from being peaceful neighbors, are turned Into vagabonds and criminals.
At present the government, under the
dicntlnn of the International gang of
capitalists who own the gold and diamond fields, is contemplating even
more drastic measures to break up the
natives' old ways of life. It Is proposed to restrict or even abolish their right
to own land, thus sweeping them bodily
Into wage slavery; nnd, as It is known
thnt nil their habits and customs are
such as to make this very difficult, the
re-eatabllshmcnt of outright chattel
slavery ls sometimes advocated—all In
the name of Christian civilization.
There are still many Socialists, so-
called, who believe that municipal or
government ownership of railways,
telegraph, post-office, telephone, etc.,
is Sociulisih. Those individuals are
put to shame by Charles de France,
secretary of the Populist party, in
Tom Watson's magazine, who proves
oy quotations fioin Kugcls thut It
is nothing of tho sort and he rightly
claims that it is populism, that is
today,   middle-class  reform.
Kugels, iu his "Socialism, Utopian
and Scientific,'' suiuuiari—.-s the evolutionary process of society and the
llnnl phase of capitalism is described
Oy him us follows:
• • • • • • •
"Partial recognition of the social
character of the productive forces,
forced upon the capitalists themselves. Taking over of the great institutions for production and communication, first by joint stock companies, later by the trusts, then by the
stab;. The bourgeois demonstrated
lo be a superfluous class. All its sociul functions are now performed    by
salaried employees."
- r • • • • •
A movement for the government
ownership of various utilities, clearly and without doubt is covered in
the above quotation and is, according to the greatest authority we
have on Modern Socialism, but a
manifestation of the fact that capitalism is Hearing the time when it
shall be thrown over by the proletarian revolution. The revolution
may be hastened or retarded according to whether the working class will
see its interests and unite to take
possession of the means of wealth
production or remain content lo
ilindly follow the leadership of middle-class government ownership sophists.
Tom  Watson,   in his magazine    informs us lhat gold noes not become
"real   money"   until   ,t  has    received
tho  government  stamp at the mint,
lt   is the  stamp  of   the  government,
he says, that converts gold into money  together    with   the legal   tender
law.       ll  is  thc  fiat  of  government
win. h     turns     the  dead  commodity,
(gold),  into  the  living agent ol commerce,  money,     lt is upon this  kind
of   reasoning   that   tho  advocates   of
tiat  money  base their case.  They  overlook   the   fuct that   gold  is  chosen
as  the money     standard   because    it
contains  great  vulue   in  little  bulk,
and is therefore convenient.    The paper money issued by the banks merely represents money—lt is not   money
itself.     A bank bill is a promise   on
tho part of the bank issuing same to
pay   the amount of  ils face in   legal
tender,  it is a lien on tho assets   of
the  bunk.     The  stamp  of    the    government  on   a twenty    dollar     gold
piece   shows     only    that    a certain
weight of gold is contained in   that
piece.     The twenty  dollar piece will
exchange for more or less of    other
commodities  according   to  the  ratio
of value between it and those   commodities.     To   increase   the   amount
of  money  or  its  representatives     in
circulation,  could      not by any  possibility abolish poverty, but it would
increase   the   wealth of the farmers
who incurred debts before the depreciation  of money  that    would    follow
an inflation  of  the currency.     They
would obtain a gteater quantity     of
money for their produce and though
this money  would not exchange     (or
more  commodities  than the   smaller
quantity received before, it would enable   them    to    pay their debts with
the proceeds of less produce than bo-
fore.      Ilency    the advocacy of  Oat
money   in  rural   districts.     Material
interests rule all.
from thc forest and ■ the field mingle
with the chickens on the lawn; diamond-hack terrapin are fattened on
crabs in convenient pens; ducks ot
ail sorts await the gun, and fish of
all kinds meet the angler more than
halfway.
"What more could the epicure demand?
"Here,   indeed,   Is  "The  Life  worth
Living,"—down on the Old  Virginia
shore."
• • • • • • •
Dixon, Doctor of Divinity though
he be, is the author of "The Leopard's Spots," breathing throughout
its pages the most malignant hatred
of the negro; deliberately fostering
the prejudice of the white men again*
their one-time slaves. This shameless panderer to the prejudices of the
south is a fit guide to the "life worth
living." No wonder that the "life
worth living" consists, in his opinion, of a fine house, lovely surroundings, open-air spots, abundant hunting and fishing, and a never-ending
series of terrapin stews. Such guides
as this docs capitalism provide for
us. With thc goal ahead, the working mule may patiently plod on
when he has a job, and when he has
not those future terrapin stews will
doubtless fill the vacuum in his
stomach.
SPARTACUS.
■ o	
MAKING BKEAD BY  MACHINERY.
The Kansas City Journal contains tha
following account of a new bread-making machine now being generally Introduced throughout the country In
large city bakeries. The housewife and
the small baker will take a back seat
when lt comes to competing with this
machine of iron and steel, which eats
up flour by the ton and turns out
steaming hut loaves as light and white
aa "mother used to muke."
ln the basement is where the beginning of the bread-making starts. The
best grade of flour is poured into bins,
going from there Into the blending and
sifting machines, where it ls thoroughly blended. This is arranged according
to color, amount of gluten ln the flour
and other tests made. From the
blending machines the flour is carried
by cup elevutors to bins on the third
story of the building. Thence the
flour is conveyed into a hopper on a
trolley over the mixers on the second
floor, where the flour ls weighed and
water and milk is also weighed. This
hopper Is then run over the mixing machines, and the flour and water dropped
into the mixers. Power ls then given
the immense iron arms, and the entire
mass is mixed until lt becomes thick
dough of the proper consistency. In
former years this work was done by the
bakers themselves, but the machine has
done away with this. From the mixer
the dough ts run off Into long
steel troughs, and placed in the cooling
room, where it is allowed to "raise."
When ready to be weighed and cut Into
loaves, the dough ls run from the steel
troughs Into the right size loaves,
weighing the correct amount, and la
then passed along to the molding machines. It Is then that the bread is
first handled by the bakers ln placing
the loaves into pans and thence into
steam boxes. From there to the ovens
Is a quick process, and in a short time
afterward the steaming hot loaves are
ranged in tiers on the shelves of the
racks.—Appeal to Reason.
 Q_	
PLENTY OF FOOD.
There has been a lot of hot-air
given forth recently on the subject of
the "simple life," the "life worth
living," etc. Thomas Dixon,- Jr.,
D. D., writes on '-'The Life worth
Living." Here is what one of his
critics says of his book;
"in 'The life Worth Living" Mr.
Dixon tells you all about tho luxuries of existence In Just such a home
ns his. The eye Is ever pleased with
landscapes which thrill and Inspire;
the plush of the waters and tho song
of the birds ravish tho oar; the scent
of  flowers  perfumes   the  air;     game
bor hns the snme purpose, of course—to
assure a supply of cheap labor under
conditions that would make organization and resistance to exploitation Impossible. With a mixed mass of yellow
contract laborers, homeless and simple-
minded blacks, and poor white men, the
capitalists count that their power would
The Importation of Chinese coolie la- be.secure.—Common Sense.
It would appear that the people of
the United States need have no fear
of hearing the wolf howling at the door
for the next few months at least. The
department of agriculture at Washington, In its report for August, estimates
the year's wheat crop at 709,731,000
bushels—which Is more than 100,000,000
bushels in excess of last year—and the
corn crop at 2,698,116,000 bushels. The
corn crop ls the greatest on record, and
the wheat crop the greatest with the
exception of the year 1C01.
Canada comes In with a trifle of 100,-
000,000 bushels, which brings the total
for this western continent of wheat
alone, well up towards 10 bushels for
each man, woman and child of its population. If this vast amount of breadstuff was put to Its proper use, I. e„
the satisfying of human needs In the
way of food, there would not be a
single person in all of this continent
who need go hungry from lack of
brend. Bu! the bulk of these millions
of bushels of wheat and corn, and other
cereals, will be poured Into the channels of capitalist property, and used for
purposes of speculation utterly regardless of the suffering and want that
mny prevail because hungry people are
unable to obtain access to these supplies. In spite of this enormous production of wealth in the shape of foodstuffs, it is safe to assert that countless thousands ln the United States and
Canada will be unable to enjoy a decent meal for the next twelve months.
All of which is strictly in accord with
the eternal fitness of things under a
system of property, wherein needful
things ara produced, not for use, but
for profit.
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Ihe Western Clarion
Published every Saturday la the
interests of the Working Class alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flack block basement, 165 Hastings
street, Vancouver, B. C.
SUBSCRIPTION :  SI.00 PER ANNUM
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Saturday,  September 9.  1905.
TWO DHOMIOS.
Since all of thc Presbyterian sky-
pilots in the United States turned
themselves loose in the way of
preaching labor sermons on Sunday,
Sept. 3, and, at least in many instances such sermons were reported
nnd given wide circulation in the
public press, there would seem to be
little or no valid reason why the
average person should not now have
a thorough grasp of the labor problem and be well equipped for its
solution. Of all men, of course, the
sky-pilots are the best qualified to
expound the doctrine of labor, for
they are themselves persistent and
earnest, laborers in a vineyard of no
mean pretensions, besides being familiar with the influential proprietor's
wishes in regard to labor matters
Whether they occur upon his grape
plantation or outside of it.
When the slty-pilot cuts loose upon
labor matters, there is little left in
this line" to engross the attention and
occupy the time of that disciple of
unrest and discontent, the labor agitator. In fact once the parsons
take a lay-off from their usual occupation of building mansions beyond
the skies, and condescend to put in
their vacation in straightening out
tho tangle in mundane affairs commonly known as the labor problem,
tlie human working mule may rest
assured that he will be speedily ushered into a pasture alongside of
which an Elysian field would apnear
like an alkali desert.
Should anyone doubt the ability of
the pulpit pounding brigade to pilot
the mules into the land of milk and
honey, their doubts will he removed once their attention is called to
the marvelous success attained by
that brigade in the past in piloting
mankind along thc straight and narrow way that leads to life everlasting. Surely they who have been so
successful in teaching us to avoid
sin, to be good and pure and love
our neighbor as ourself, are perfectly competent to solve a measly little
labor problem. Tho very fact of
their thorough understanding of and
mastery over spiritual things, is ample assurance of their ability to deal
with matters mundane, We have
every reason to believe that their
kmbwledge and understanding of the
material things of life, equals, if it
does not * exceed that of spiritual
things.
Down in Seattle, among others of
their ilk, two of these Presbyterian
Dromios turned their vocal automobiles loose upon labors' speedway in
a style that was a caution. Utterly
regardless of the feelings of their con-i
gregations, they launched forth the
most ulbra-rovolutionary spew tfeat
was ever spewed from a pulpit. The
first Dromio, Rev. W. A. Major,
belched forth at Bethany Presbyterian Church. From the red-hot
stream of lava that he ruthlessly
poured upon the heads of his terrified hearers, the following chunk is
perhaps the hottest selection that
could be made.
"As long as the world stands,
there must be two great classes. The
man with his capital, will employ the
laborer to do his work. There can
be but one settlement betw?en these
two classes, an honest adjustment of
wages. 'The laborer is worthy of
his hire.' He must be given an honest share  of the product  of his toil.
Capital Will Lead.
"Ss long as the world lasts, capital and brains will lead our industries, will plan our enterprises and
carry to completion every project
that blesses mankind. Clod has put
a great responsibility into the hands
of the man who has disciplined his
mind and controlled his body. Given to such a one wealth, and he is
doubly armed; he is multiplied in
influence and destinies are in his
grasp for decTsionT" -—
The agitator, who would still persist in wagging his jaw, after having
such a stem-winder landed on his
solar    plexus,    ia Indeed a hardened
criminal. If onr Dromio says, "as
long- as the world stands there must
be two c-reat classes," that should
settle it, for surely he k-iows all
about it. As to "an honest adjustment of wages," that is easy enough
provided the matter be left to either
one of the interested parties, the employer or the laborer. But it will
spoil Uie adjustment if it be left to
the two of*them. Some laborers are
worthy of their hire, others aro not.
For instance, a Presbyterian or any
other sky-pilot may labor zealously
in his master's vineyard and his
wage will be paid ungrudgingly, so
long as hc acquires and uses no weapon more dangerous to ruling class
interests than an oily tongue and a
pious mien. But lot him acquire even a modicum of kmowlcdge related
to the wrongs indicted upon tbe
working class by its orutal oppressors—tho modern capitalists —■ and
dare to assert his manhood enough
to proclaim that knowledge and even
lo point the way to deliverance, and
he wfll be suddenly converted into a
laborer in the masters' vineyard who
is not worth tho salt in his porridge, lie will receive a pressing
invitation to hie himself forth and
hit the high places leading to other
vineyards in  search of a job.
According to Dromio Major, the laborer "must bu given an honest
share of the product of his toil."
The silly chump has been waiting
and praying for centuries that somebody would give him at least enough
out of it to enable him to keep front
starving, and in spite of all his
waiting and praying he has been getting continually closer and closer to
the line of perpetual poverty and
destitution. Besides the fruitless-
nesa of his own waiting,
and prayers, he has been lulled into docility to his oppressors
by the unctions mouthings, the pious
allecttttion and the lugubrious prayers of the oleaginous fraternity to
which our Dromio belongs.
God may, or may not have "put a
great responsibility into thc hands
of thc man who has disciplined his
mind and controlled his body."
Dromio Major probably knows more
about God's business than we do, so
we will take his-word tor it. Of one
thing we are sure, and that is that
great power rests in the hands of he
who is in a position to discipline
the minds and control the bodies
of other men, and there never was a
man great enough or good enough
to exercise such power and couttol
without abusing it.
The other Dromio is Dr. M. A.
Matthews, who volcanoed at the
First Presbyterian Church, This
Dromio was particularly struck with
the terrible waste that occurs because of men being unable to lind
employment. He evidently has visions of profits galore that might be
reaped from their labor if they were
only set to work. To this man of
God, this Dromio, the unemployed is
merely a "wasted unimul," and not
a man denied the right and privilege 01* feeding, clothing, and sheltering himself, by a brutal, cold and
sordid system of property in the
means of wealth production,
which is supported, apologized 'for.
and defended by his and all other
churches, because, the tap root of
these institutions go down into such
forms of property and from that
source they  draw  their sustenance.
That Dromio Matthews views the
unemployed man merely as a beast,
whose energies are wasted to present society, thc following from his
sermon, as reported in the Seattle
papers, will show:
. '<'Above all, take the idle and
wasted human energies in this city.
.Look at the waste of men! imagine
if you can. tho waste of faculties and
powers. Behold a great, big, strong
man; view him as ft perfect piece of
machinery in readiness for hard work,
Yet he stands with hands in his
pock_,ts, a pipe in his mouth, or the
contents of a bottle in his stomach.
Behold the waste! He could, by the
force of character, drive the wheels
of a great manufacturing plant, govern a happy home,-extend a strong
philanthropic arm, lift the fallen,
feed the hungry and clothe the naked; and hc could purify and make
moral the atmosphere of his community. Bust of all he could worship God, demonstrate to the world
the power of an immaculate character and a pure spiritual nature.
One man, in harmony with God, engaged in legitimate employment,
could sustain, b.v the products of his
energies, brain and character, as
muny as _"5£> dependent subjects. Yet
look at him—almost a worthless animal! Behold thc waste! Talents
unemployed and his nerve force being destroyed by dissipation. Just
think for a moment, if every second of time were properly employed,
what wonderful things could be accomplished.'*
It may bo true that force of character could be made to drive the
whevls of a factory, but it looks to
a layman ns though steam, water
or electricity could be more depended upon.
riJho~ manT Tn Kafroony"wttfirG-tfT'
engaged in legitimate employment,
could sustain, by tho product of his
energies, brain ajid character, as
many as -50    dependent    subjects."
So says our Dromio. Tf this be
true, and the unemployed mnn were
to proceed to do so. it would be
1 he first case on record where any
man ever supported "dependent subjects," either to the number of 250
or any other. It has so far been
the case that the "dependent subjects" did the supporting. While It
is no doubt true that the productive
power of man is at the present
time sufficiently great to enable ono
person to produce sufficient to sup-
Ply the needs of several, we very
much doubt whether the material requirements of 250 persons could be
met by one producer of wealth, and
more especially if the 250 happened
to be preachers. While our second
Dromio was concerning himself about
the "wasted animals," he might
have taken into consideration the
fact that many a yellow-legged chicken has been wasted in feeding the
likes of himself all down through
the ages. All tho payment that tho
wealth producers have ever received
for the keep of the sky-pilot brigade
has been made in heavenly soporifics that have dulled their intellect,
and stifled their reasoning faculties,
so that they have the more easily
been held in subjection by their brutal rulers.
The only thing for the workers to
learn from this ministerial dabbling
wtith labor matters, is to eye with
suspicion every move that is made
in this direction. The church as an
institution is part and parcel of the
present system, it has its tap-root
in the material wealth that is plundered from the working-class, lt, of
necessity views everything from thc
standpoint of capitalist property
from which it springs and whose creature it is. Its moral and ethical
code and teachings can be only that
determined by the mother who suckles it. Individual preacher's may
rise  above  the  trammels    of     their
creed and view things from the
standpoint of man. They may recognize the position of the working-
man under the rule of capitalist
property and take up the cudgel in
his behalf. But as surely as they
do they will break with their church
If they stick to their colors and
show themselves sincere in enlisting
in the army of emancipation, they
should be hailed as comrades in the
cause and welcomed into the ranks
of the revolution. But when tho
Ghurch professes to make a move la-
borwani* look out for a job. From
its position as nn apologist and bulwark of capitalist society, the church
can bring tho slaves under its mantle only for the purpose of hypnotizing or cajoling them into subserviency to their masters.
Fortunately for the workers, the
church is rapidly, losing its hold
upon them, They are beginning to
think and reason, for themselves.
Once their reasoning faculties are
awakened, the cavortings of sky-pilots arouses in them no other feeling than that of mirth. The two
Seattle Dromios are about as comical  as  Shakespeare's production.
coarse and vulgar display of commodities for sale, including the commodity labor-power. That is why sheep
laundry wagons, chickens, breakfast
food nml packages of human labor-
power, fraternized in procession on
Monday last.
But few of the members of Vancouver unions took part in the parade.
The majority had sense enough to
realize the undignified spectacle thoy
would make of themselves by so doing, and refused to take part in the
commodity display. In this they
were wise and it is greatly to their
credit.
The Western Clarion has already
remarked that the September Labo'
Day is fast losing prestige. Las'.
Monday's display furnished ample
proof of it. lt is to be fervently
hoped this will be tho last such pitiful exhibition to bo inflicted upon
Vancouver.
As the workers of Vancouver awu-d
to a realization of the nature of the
labor problem and thc lino of action
necessary for its solution, they will
become enthused with the same spirit
ihat animates the revolutionary
workingmen of Europe. 'Ihey will
pay no further attention to the capitalist appointed September Labor
Day, but will lay down thoir tools
upon each First of May, the day selected by the revolutionary workers
of the world as Labor Day, and join
hands with the workers of all lands
in cementing thc bonds of solidarity
and common interest that shall
make of them an army invincible.
The workers of the world gather
upon May 1st, the real Labor Day,
not as commodity peddlers displaying their wares, but as men determined to break the bonds that bind
them in enslavement to tho chariot
wheels of capitalist property. Down
with capitalisms. September Labor
Day and its vulgar exhibition of
laundry wagons, police, sheep chickens,  breakfast  food  and  slaves.
Up with May the First as the real
Labor Dny, when workingmen shall
fraternize for the purpose of furthering the cause which makes for
ithe emancipation of Labor from
wage-bondage  to capitalist property.
GHAFT AND SCANDAL.
LABOR   OMNIA   VINCIT.
Labor Day was celebrated in Vancouver by "organized labor." Of all
the celebrations ever held it .was the
most commonplace. The parade
which came olT about 11:30 u.in.,
consisted of a motley collection of
police, fire apparatus, breakfast food
advertisements, laundry wagons, two
sheep in a box, a coop of chickens
and about two hundred and fifty
workingmen. All thc participants in
this street cavalcade were fairly well-
behaved, moro osjiecially the chickens, sheep and police. Also the
laundry wagons. Just what significance these vehicles could have in a
"labor parade" is not known unless
it were ns a gentle hint that the
Vancouver citizen ought to have his
shirt washed of tenor. The display of
breakfast food was suggestive enough
as tho most distinctive feature of
two-thirds oi the working class in
Vancouver on that day was a "loan
and hungry look."
The street decorations consisted of
dilapidated looking bunting stretched
across thc street. The pleasing
spars!ty of these clothes lines laden
with what appeared to be dirty wash
was at rare intervals broken by a
sombre looking "Our Welcome," or
a lonesome "Labor Omnia Vincit."
A Labor Day brought into existence by capitalist governments for
the purpose of cajoling tho slaves
into docility to thoir masters, and
keeping their attention away from
proper consideration of their slavery
and such action as would make for
its abolition, was bound to develop
sooner or later into the insufferable
farce that the September Labor Day
has already become.
It has no worthy purpose behind
it, and cannot, therefore, enthuse the
•workingmen ~wttfarthart-spirit^wliteh
prompts them to stand erect and act
like men. Significant of nothing
that makes for progress, such a "Labor Day" degenerates into a tawdry,
The unearthing of graft scandals
in the various government departments at Washington is becoming
so common that scarce a day passes
without a now one being brought to
light. The quartermaster's otlicc in
the War Department is now under
investigation, and it appears that
certain Philadelphia contractors,
with the connivance, of army officials
have been defrauding the government
out of large sums, in supplying
gloves, caps, etc., for soldiers stationed in the west. By conniving
together a considerable bunch of eminently respectable business firms succeeded in obtaining extraordinary
prices for their goods, thus reaping
the reward which is properly due to
business thrift and enterprise. And
yet there arc people who will affect
to be shocked at what they, in their
short-sightedness will term, such
dishonest practices. Such persons
are evident'y oblivious to the fact
that business is business, and in its
every expression it needs must follow in the footsteps aud take on
the same character and habit of the
original swindle upon which the entire structure of business is based.
The entire Vorld of business and
commerce, is made possible by, and
based upon, the exploitation, or robbery of labor. Were the workers,
tho producers of all wealth, not robbed of thc things they produce, business us we know it today, with all
of its lying, cheating, swindling,
grafting abd other infamous practices could not exisl. It would have
no foundation upon which to build.
Bused as it is upon the robbery of
tho wealth producers, that being in
fact its fundamental purpose, the
morals and ethics of business must
of necessity be like unto the thing
from which it springs. As its prime
purpose is plunder its votaries will
obey its mandate upon every occasion, not only to the extent of plundering the workers, but of swindling
each other ns well. Money made by
grafting in thc Washington departments is just as clean as any ever
made in business anywhere or anyhow. The loot and plunder for
which the devotees of capitalist property,are so fiercely struggling in
thc arena of business, is only tho
loot and plunder wrung from an enslaved working class in the field of
wealth production, under tho wage
system. The grafting so loudly complained of is strictly in accord with
the ethics of thievery. What are the
supporters of the presept system
kicking about anyway ?
_ Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note. 	
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. It. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER. No. 1. 8. P.
1 of C. Business meetings every
Wednesday ovening ln the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 313 Gamble street.
Educational meetings overy Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock ln tho Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAL VICTORIA, No. 2, B. P. of
C. II. J. B. Harpor, secretary,
Itock Bav Hotel,  Victoria, B.  C.
LOCAL REVELSTOKE, No. 7. H.
Seigfried, secretary, P.O. box 208,
Itevelstoko,  B.   C.
LOCAL NANAIMO, No. - 3. Daniel
Livingstone, secretary, Box 452,
Nanaimo,  B.  C.
Union Direct
When They Meet;
iv 1,
err Tl
OfJ
*?Mt,
5_?_SS_S;e-ii
___-_** p'«i& _r
Brown
vice-presi(lcnt
«sse sergeant-at-anni'- to Al
bury,secretary-treasured%-§
108,  Phoenix. _. C.
Phoenix
W. F.
Miners
•     M'    Meets    eve7;'c"M!
evening at 7.30 o'cloet i ™M
hall.    Francis Knoi'"1- Mi*
this F,  -
LOCAL VANANDA. No 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Texada
Island,  B.  C.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temjierance HaU
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. G. Oribble,
organizer,  180 Hogarth Ave.
Is
in
the       pay       of
ling        I-'ang,
the      gent
Mr. Wu TiiifT
former Chinese minister to Washington, The purpose of the boycott,
Brown declines, is to arouse business
gentlment In the States In favor of removing the bar against Chinese immigration. He further asserts that a
large number of coolies are ready to set
sail for the United States as soon as
the exclusion law is repealed. If the
Chink Is .1 cheaper laborer than the
white in.in. we know of no logical reason why the ruling class of the United
States, or any other country, should refrain from taking advantage of such
cheapness. Each country belongs to
its ruling class, and the unwashed mob
which tolerates such rule ought, In com
mon decency, to keep Its nose out of
others affairs. Hy all means take down
the bars and let In the Chink. Ile is
a good worker, and frugal withal, and
this virtue tends to enable him to work
for smaller wages than the white mule.
The success of "our" Industries, In the
competitive world struggle, depends
solely upon "our" ability to obtain
chea_ labor..
If the white man cannot work as
(heap as the Chink, i. e., live on as little food, etc., he must perforce give
way lo his yellow rival in the competitive struggle. Thus will the doctrine
of the "survival of the fittest" be once
more verified. Let down the bars and
give  glorious  "free     competition"  full
s Wil".
Although engaged in carrying on a
huge war, that must of necessity
prove a severe lax upon her resources, Japan, it seems, is rapidly
OXtonding her development at home
along capitalist lines. Within the
past few months, tho Baldwin Loco'
motive Works nt Philadelphia has
received orders from the Japanese
government for 260 locomotives to
Im used upon the Imperial railways.
At the same time, orders have been
placed In England for loo more,
making ,n all 8S0, The entire lot
[ore to be delivered at Yokohama before Dec. 1, IP05. Of course, the
American manufacturers are highly
j elated over the opportunity thus afforded to dispose of their output,
.und from their joyous acclaim it
would appear that they imagine this
j sort of thing is to continue forever. It docs not require very keen
powers of observation to disclose tho
fact that at the rate ut. which tno
machinery of capitalism is being
shipped into the Orient, the time is
near at. hand when a yellow Richmond will appear in the field of the
world's market with goods to sell,
and no doubt to the discomfiture of
American and European capitalism,
which is now so greedily otigagcd
in conjuring it forth. Let lhe good
work go on. The greater the OXf.oi't
of machinery, etc., the sooner will
the end of capitalism be ivah.'d,
and the day of labor's emancipation
dawn.
THE CHINK AND HIS BOYCOTT.
One J. H. Brown, an American cltl-
1eH-j\l'A -returned from China, la authority for the assertion that thc Chinese
boycott of American goods is directed
by John Goodnow, former American
consul-general to Shanghai, and    that
Berry, secretary!^'<l
.        8_TA_USH«iTi8or
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ti
wonting  class    111   th*"   "
of capitalist property audi
plcment, the wage system.
TAKE YOUR HAT W f°
HAT HOSPITAL
155 Cordova Street
And  have  it  rejuvenated m*s
life.   Old Hats Cleaned, l "HI
Made as Oood ns    ^  *V
workmen and at moderate 00
Elijah Learj.
THE  MODEHN   HAT
BfiSTOS
United Hatters of North Amerit
When ybu are buying • FUH 1,*'1"*1| «
the (lenuine Union Label l» eened l» M 1
hai Uioae label* In bis poMefSlon Mid     ^
one ln a hat for you, do not initio'"''     ^ (
labels in  retail  stores are counterfoil^   ^((Wj
Union Label la perforated on four sag   ■ jre #
lame m a poatago stamp.    Counter!an-     ^-ft
times perforated on three tdgtu. and        |(lph|»
pn two.    John B.  Stetson Co, ol ■'
non-union concern.      ' M •
JOHN  A.  MOKKtrr,  President, Orange,
11  w •■""''
MAItTIN    LAWLOit.    Secretary,    -'
Now York.
■_■_«■ -"'.'
irdi-y.
;epternber
.. 1605.
THB W1STK.H CLARIOS, VA-fCOITV-gt, B. 0.
A Chapter From Marx
** ...     _„    mtXXti     TNTHTSTRIAI.     r\I'lTAMST
GENESIS
OF   THE   INDUSTRIAL   CAPITALIST.
consider the iu-
It^";1'   ,-owth of capital  on
..   "i *'"   ?„„„ri__  class.      Hie
lot oi   "a
iuip<*'un
comi
t-bttng"-8
ali'H'1"-        „___a___i
iactor in Urn- *"liu'-
,8luon oi   -•-.pita- aml
uudc'.'goos
iu
lhu
tli- procert
ol   aocuuiula-
to
mi ion  oi  capital   in
'    m  a    two iold  sense.
. ui  valm
it
inl
t.l'tlH-
Die i
r the
■Mil''   U'   »UU
i pn"5*
is deturiuin-
whu- it is
va-
    This
determined  by
jonipos
itiwstooil
tlie si**** ul
Uul proporuop in
„ •oiistuut capital or
menus ut  production,  and
mniid    or value ol labor-
mmi total oi wages..   On
Icriui  as  it iunctions
ol production all capi-
L'iiividcii into iiiouuH of produc-
and living  labor-power
ttion between the mass oi the
0I  production  employed,    on
. hand,  and   tlie muss  ol'  la-
_oces-ur'i   lor   their  cuiploj-uiut,
lul other.     J cull  the foruier  the
,ii-: i-nMi'iitiiTioN, thu  tatter,
TECHNICAL    composition   ol
llctwcti the  two  then; is u
d correlation.     To express Uus,
ll the value composition of cap-
in so far as it is determine- by
tfchnicu)  i uuiposilion  and    mir-
ihc ibangcs of  the latter,  thu
ic    composition!      of      capital,
[over 1 refer  to  the composition
ipital, without further nualifica-
im organic  composition   is al-
understood,
many   individual   capitals    iu*
nl iu a particular brunch of pro-
iuii     have,     one with    unothur,
or less different compositions,
average of their individual column gives    us  the composition
he total cupital  in  this     brunch
iduction.    Lastly,   the   average
-,.■ averages,  in ull branches of
tion, gives us thu composition
total social cupital of a coun-'who
ad with tins alone aru we, in1
st resort,  concerned in thu fol-j
investigations,
tlh oi cupitul involves growth
variable constituent or of the
invested  in  labor   power.       A
oi the surplus vulue  turned  iu-
iilitional Capital must always be
usformed   mio   variable   capital
ilitionul lubor-fuud.     if wu sup-
that, all    other circumstances
ining lhe same; the composition
ipital also remains constant,  i  -
mu  a definite mass  ol  means of
tion constantly needs the Same
oi     labor-power   to   set    it    in
i then   me   demand    tor    labor
thc subsistence (uud oi  the la-
* " itun 1\  Increase in the   same
rtiun  as the  cupitul,   und     the
mindly,   the  moro rapidly    thu
.ul  increases,    Since  the capital
early   a   surplus-value,    ol
part is yearly added to tho
Iniil     capital;    since   this   incre-
itsell ciows yearly  uloitg  with
ugancntatlon of the capital   al-
lunctioning";  since,  lastly,  un-
ii'Hal  stimulus  to enrichment,
as the opening of new markets,
new sjiIk-ivs for the outlay     of
ni   ii ionsotfuence of newly   de-
"il social  wants,  etc.,   thc scale
iniiilittion may be suddenly ex-
morel}   by  u change in     tho
i ib«' surplus-value or sur-
■oduct  into capital or revenue,
'C(|uircmonts    of accumulating
l  may  exceed   the  increase     of
lower or of the number of   latin- demand (or laborers may
ih"     supply,   and   therefore,
may list.     'inis must. Indeed,
tiely  bo  the case  it the    condi
supposed above continue,     l-'or
in each year more laborers ure
Joyed    than    in ils predecessor,
or     later a point must    be
ut which    the    requirements
Humiliation begin   to   surpass the
itnary    supply    of     lubor, and,
-ore,    a     rise     ot wages takes
A lamentation on ihis score
heard    iu   England  during     the
of   the   fitteenth und   tlie   first
ol the eighteenth centuries.   The
less   favorable   circumstances
tho wage-working class sup-
'I   multiplies      Itself,   in      11"
r  the  fundamental character
■tpitallst  production.     As simple
Im I ion    constantly    reproduces
(capital  relation   itself,   i.e.,    tho
n  of  capitalists on  tho     ono
und wage-workers on the oth-
'0 reproduction on a progressive
l.e ,     accumulation,   produces
I"!ul-relation on a progressive
more  capitalists  or  larger  cap-
Its   ut    this    polo,  more wage-
ts ut ihut.    Thu reproduction
muss of labor-power, which must,
isantly   ie-iiicoipoiate   itself with
al  lor  thut capital's self-expun-
whlch    cannot get free   from
sii uiul   whose enslavement   to
nl is only concealed by the var-
>'!'    individual    capitalists     to
111  it   sells  itself,   this  repioduc-
ol  labor-power  forms,   in  fact,
(SSential of the reproduction     of
111  itself.     Accumulation  ol cap-
Is, therefore, increase of thu promt.
ssical economy grasped this (act
oroughiy that Adam Smith, Hi-
'• etc., as mentioned earlier, in-
'ately     identified     accumulation
tho consumption, by tho    pro-
lva laborers,  0( all  the cupitali-
I'ui'L  of  tho  surplus-product,   or
'ts   transformation Into     addi-
l"l wago-laborers.    As early    as
•'ohn  Hellers  says.    "For     if
had a thousand acres of land and
""".v  pounds  in money,   and     as
cattle, without a laborer, what
of    tile    lowesl    cluss      by  UUI oininoil
industry, uiul pinching lus belly,
nits hlmsell above the condition ne
was brought up in, nobody ought to
hinder turn; nay, ii is und. muiiiy
thu wisest course lor every
.1. ine soccjiy, uuu .or every
lamity to be frugul; but it is the interest, of ail rich nations, thut the
greatest part uf lhe poor should at
most  never  be  idle,  und  yet  . ontm-
pci'sou
UllV-LU
Shape of capital. Wages, as wu have of unpaid labor suppliod by 'he wo
seen, by their very nature, alwuys'ing class, und acuumulbted by tne
imply the performance of a certain'capitalist class increases so rapidr
Ujuantlty oi unpaid labor on the part ly that its conversion Into capital
of the laborer, Altogether, irrespec- requires an extraordinary addmon
live ol a rise cit wages with a lulling'of paid labor, then wages rise, ami,
price of labor, etc., such an increase J all other , circumstances remaining
only means at besl a quantitative, uijklal, the unpaid labor dlminisnes
diminution ui the unpaid labor that in proportion. I*u._ us soon as tne
the worker bus lo supply. This «li- diminution touches the point at
iiiiniition cur. never reach the point . which the surplus-labor Jhai nour-
■ which it. would threaten the sjs- ishcS capital is no longer suppiuu
i itself. Apart from violent con*, in normal quantity, a reaction .sets
diets as to the rate ol wages iiind in: ti smaller part of revenue is ca-
Adain Smith has already shown that 'pitalized, accumulation lags, ana
-'-■- conflict,    taken    on    the'.the  movement   of  rise  in  wages    ie-
- a
U7
Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
@*fc-   ■'.
'
lli      SUCH      u.     i \jiii11»-l,       ^arvuii      uii       i,iiu , t ii<i    nm - >- -  r
whole, the master is aiways laasterp celves a cliec*:'. The ruei oi ™*tF*
a nse in the price oi labor-power re- therefore is confined within limit!
suiting from accumulation of capitalithat not  only leave taWt tne roun
implies    he  following alternative ■""" '   ''"'    ■•'•"*"   K
Either the prico of labor koaps
uaily spend uhut Ihey get ,..,.,                  ■  ,  ,
those   that  gel.heir  living   by   their .*}<*»*. tho  ^  ot. labor  l*l!'',',b  *'"
uaily labor     •     *      -     - iiavu nolh- ,'lblr"S'   "^T,  'lS  nS°  ''"f  £?*."
.ng to stir .hen, up io he serviceable w;lcro wTlthth(h°uP"cf88 ']  ■   :   "'
,,,,,.     ...      l    ,    ,        »---<--»-.-■ |allon     |u tins there is nothing won
but  tlieir  wauls  Which  il is  uruduueu ,    .  ,    ..                  , ,        .,     ,.      ,ttll>,
,     ,. .,        ,    ,   ,  i,     ,                ,i         , det'lii ,  loi, says Adam   smith,     ultet
lo  relieve but lolly   locuie-   lhu on y ..                 ...   .             ,-    •,-.., ,i    .i,,.l
 ,    ,.,     ,,   ,              ,     .i    , these ipi-oiitsi aro dimlnlsmw, it<CK
unng then that can render the labor- .       ,'        ,;    ;.,,.	
°                                         .     . muy not  only continue to  inweasu,
ing   iiuiu   industrious,   is  a modeiatu '
iiualiuiy    oi   money,   lorasloo   little
ion
Will, according Us Ins temper is either dispirit or make him despei-uie,
• ■■>   loo   ,'nuLit   \. iii   maiii   nun      insolent.
and lazy. I't om what has buen suid
it ia manifest ihat, in a free nation,
where slaves are nut   allowed uf,   thu
uiesi weaith consists m a mumtuue
ut   laborious  pour,   iur  bosides,   lhat
uey a.c tn-.- UttVer-taillhg nuiseiy ui
Heels and armies, without them there
could bono cujoymeiit, and no pro-
Uuut Oi any country COUld oe valuable. To make the society "(.which,
oi      course,        consists of nun-
workeis)" happy, and people
easier under ihe meanest circumstances, it is requisite Una great numbers of them should be ignorant as
well us poor; knowledge both enlarges and multiplies our desires, and
thu fewer things a man wishes for,
the more easily his necessities _uj.v
be supplied.''
What ilundevilie, an honest, clearheaded   man,   hail not   yet   seen,      is
that the mechanism iif thu process of
accumulation   itself Increases, along
'with  the cupitul,  the muss of     -la-
boring poor," i.e , the wage-labOrers^
turn their labor-power into   an
increasing   power  oi   scli-cxpansion u(
the growing capital, and even by doing so,  must eternize their dependent
relation  on  their  own product,     us
personified in the capitalists,   in reference    to this   relation oi dependence,    .Sir. F. il.  l_den in his   -'lhu
fcUile ot   ine  four, an  tiisiory of    uu;
Laboring Classes m England,"  says
the  natural   produce  of  our  soil     is
certainij   not fully adequate to   our
subsistence; we can neither be clothed,  lodged not   led but  in consequence
of  some  previous  labor.     A   portion
at   least,   of   society    must   be   iudeia-
tigablj'     employed.      There   are   oth-
ets   who,    though  they    'neither  toil
nor spin,   can yet command tho produce ui  industry,  but  who owe their
exemption (rom lubor solely to civilisation   and   order.     *     »     »     They
ne  peculiarly  the creatures of civil
institutions,    which   have recognized I
that Individuals may acquire property   b.v   various    other   means   besides
the exertion ot   labor.    Persons of
independent  fortune    •    •    «     ow
their   superior   advantages   by    nn
menus   io   anv    superior   abilities    of
their own,   but  almost entirely    *    *
* to the industry of others. It is
not ibe possession of land or of iimn-
ney.but the command of labor which
(iisjtmejiiislu's the ojpulcnt from the
laboring  part   ol   the community.    *
* * Ihis tscheine approved b.v
Kdtii) would give tho people of property sufficient (but by no means too
much) influence and authority over
those who * * * Work for them;
and it would place such laborers not
in an abject nnd servile condition.
but in such a state of easy und liberal dependence us all who know human nature, and its history, will allow to bu necessary for their own
comfort." Sir F. M. Eden, it may
be remarked in passing, is the only
disciple of Adam Smith during tho
eighteenth century that produced any
work  of  Importance.
I ii)l(i-  the conditions of accumulation supposed   thus far,   which conditions ate  ihose   most   favorable  to
the laborers, their relation of dependence  upon capital  takvs a form   endurable,  or, as  Eden sa\s: easy and
liberal.     Instead   Of   becoming    more
intensive with  the growth of cupital,
this relation of dependence only he-
comes more extensive, I.e., thosih re
of   capital's    exploitation  und  rule
merely   extends   with   its  own   dimensions and ilie number of its subjects,
A   larger part of their own surplus
product,  always increasing ami continually   trail'formed   inio  additional
capital,   comes   back   to   them   in   the
shape  of  payment,  so  tbat   they  can
extend the circle ol their enjoy mmts;
can   make  some    additions   to    their
consumption-fund   of    clothes,    furniture,   etc.,   und   can   lay   aside   small
reserve funds of  money.    Hut just us
little   ns   belter   clothing,   food,   uiul
treatment, and a larger pocullum, do
away  with  the oxploitation of   tho
slave, so little do they set aside that
Of   the   wage-worker.     A  rise  in    tho
price of labor, us a consequence   of
accumulation of capital, only means,
in  fact,   thut   the  length  and  weight
of the golden chain the wage-worker
bus ali-evlv forged for himself, allow
of  a  relaxation  Of   tTie  tension  of it.
In   the  controversies  on   this  subject
the chief fact has generally been overlooked,   viz.,   the   diliei-entia  Spociflca
of    capitalist    production
power i.s sold today
tin
but   to     increase    much  faster    th.iii
before     *    *    *      A     great     stock,
though   with  small  profits,   generally
im reuses   faster   than   a  small   stock
with  great profits."     In  this case it
is  evident   that     diminution     in  the
unpaid labor    iii   no way interferes!
with  thu extension of  the domain  of j
capital.    Or, on tho other hand, ac-l
cumulation   slackens   in     consequence
of  the rise in  the prico  of  labor,   be-;
cause  the  stimulus  of  gain   is   blunt- .
ed.      The   rale   of   accumulation   lessens; but with  its lessening,   the primary   cause     of   that   lessetijng   vanishes, i.e.. the disproportion between
cupital   and  exploitable  labor-power.
The  mechanism   of   the   process    of
capitalist     production    removes     tho
very   obstacles     that   it    temporarily
creates.      The    price   of    labor   falls
again to u level corresponding with
the needs of   the   self-expension   of
capital,   whether  the  level   be  below,
tho same us, or above the one which
was normal before the rise of wages
took place.    We see thus;  In the lirst
case,   it   is  not   the  diminished    rate
either of  the absolute,  or of  the proportional,   increase    in    labor-power,
or   laboring   population,   that   makes
capital   Insufficient;   but,    conversely,
the    relative    dimunition    of   capital
that    causes    thc   exploitable   labor-
power,  or,  rather its price,   to be in
excess.      It   is   these   absolute   movements  of   the  accumulation   of  capital   which   are    reflected    as   relative
movements of  tho mass of exploitable   labor-power,   and   therefore   seem
produced   by   tho   hitter's  own  independent   movement.     To   put   it  mathematically:   the   rale   of   accumulation is the Independent,  not the dependent,   variable.     Thus   when   tho
i industrial   cycle   is   in   the   phase  of
crisis,   a   general   fall  in  the  price o(
commodities is expressed as a  rise in
the value of money, and, In the phastl
of  prosperity,   a   general   rise in the.
price  of    commodities;   as  a  fall   in
the   value   of   money.     The   so-called
currency  school  concludes   from    this
that  with high prices too little,  with
low prices too much money  is In circulation,    Their  ignorance and complete  misunderstanding of  facts   are
worthily     parallel?d    by   the  economists,   who  interpret   the  above phenomena   of   accumulation   by   saying
that  there arc now too few, now loo
many  wage laborers.
Tho  law    of    capitalist,  production
reduces   itself   simply   to   this :    Tho
correlation  between  accumulation  of
capital  ami  rate of wages  is nothing
else than the correlation  between the
unpaid  labor  transformed  into capital,   ami   the   additional     paid   labor
necessary   for   tho  setting  in  motion
ot     this   additional    capital,     it   is
therefore   in   no   wny   a   relation   between   two     magnitudes,   independent
ovo of  the other:   on  the one hand,
the magnitude of the capital,   "n the
other,    the   number of   the  laboring
population;   it   is  rather,   at   bottom,
only the relation between   the unpaid
and   the  paid   labor  of   the   same  laboring   population.     If   the  quantity
(hit ions of the capitalist c system,
but also requires.Its reproduction on
a progressive scale. The law of capitalist accumulation, metamorphosed by economists into a protended
law of nature, in reality merely
stales thai the very nature of accumulation excludes every dimunit ion
in the degree of exploitation of labor
und every rise in the price of labor;
I which could seriously imperil the
I continued reproduction, on an ever
enlarging scale, of the capitalistic
.relation. It cannot, he otherwise in
!a mode of production in which tho
[laborer exists to satisfy tho need?
I of self-expansion of exist ij^g values,
instead of, on the contrary, materi-
jal wealth existing to satisfy the
needs of development  on the part ot
tho  laborer.      As.   in   religion,   man  i1-
'governed by the products of his own
brain, so in capitalistic production,
he is governed by the products ol
his own   hand.
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^■^oV^noll* pr,:-  action.   This is the cUs. «Jk
■i fit - "nd otm an. of the internation-     Therefore, we call upon all workw
afretotationS working class. to organize under the banner of the
, w 2___ce_ all wealth, and to Socialist Party of Canada with the ob-
, ,Lr" -T S-_fwi_7b3b__ To the ject of conquering the public power.
labor it shoulu ^^.bJ ^^o. 1 _r the purpose of setting up and en-
_wnf     k, S-!_rtf_rSdn3 of labor, [forcing the economic,   program,  of
taction belongs   U proJuct ot « M {oUow8.
ThC Prec_rJtaUst o^ersS of the „ The transformation, a. rapidly
Up°V^Sth production; therefore! as possible, «t capitalist property ia
\TZ bSuctsPc-£ labor belong toucans 0J wealth production («»-
!i mm\JLsvL* class The capitalist is | tural resources, factories, nulla, rtU-
i Stf£TiS5 is slave. i ways, etc.,) into the collect.", prop--
!    -11   Tel the capitalists remain in : ty of the working class.
b° lln< the re?, of government! ,. Thorough and democratic or-
i^linhe powers of h state will be Ionization and management of ind«.
■ 1J to Et and defend their pro-  try by the workers.
BWtSto the means of wealth j    3.   The  establishment, aa .pe^T
! production  and  their control  of  thei      p088iblei of prod»Ktion for uw in-
ro<'uct of labor. I stead of production for profit.
PThe capitalist system gives to the     The «  :ialist Party, wherimrffkj
camtallst an ever-swelling stream of!,_»_«,   .y, and •»f^«»£2*
„?ofits7ana .0  the worker an  ,ver- |present system ,s abohshed^^A.
i increasing measure of misery and deg-
jradation. .
The interest  of  the working  class
! ^s in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
Tb« trt-preulbl. cot, id ol Btjr- i ?»"»''•     J h , „„«, „ to pro.
struggle for possession of the powei   alone.
answer to this question its guiding
mle of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of th. working
class and aid the workers in their due
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
H«l  the rich  man be but a labor
And as tho laborers make mon
. so the moro laborers,  thero will
ho moro rich men     •     •     •     *
labor of the poor beinp the mines
ho rich."     80 also Bernard    do
Idevlllq at  tho beginning   of   tho
jteenth    century:     "It    would    be
'r, where property Is well socur-
to livo without money than with-
poor;    for    who    would do   the
k?     »     •     •     •     As thoy (the
)  utiKht to be kept from starv-
So  they   should  receive  nothing
Hi saving.    It here and thero ono
^^ l.ubor
powor 1.1 -.v.,.. ., ,., not with a view
of satisfying, by Its service or by Its
product, iho personal noods of
buyer. His aim is augmentation of
his cupitul, production of commodi
ties containing more vulue thun lv
pays for, containing therefore a por
t on of value thut costs him nothing,
and that is nevertheless realized when)
the rotnnuxlities aro sold
tion
laW    Ol     LOin     —_^^^^^^^
bor-power is only snloable
it preserves the meant-i of product ion
their   capacity   Ol   capital,   repto-
Produo*
0  I'otiinioiuui-.-i  u.v
in  of sut'plus-value  is tho  absolute
w of this mode of production,    l.a-
'•■«vi« an far ns
in
,  .ta (,wn  value  as cupital.   and
duce i.nid labor a Bource   of
"'„ ilttil.    The conditions
or less fa
yields   in   "
ndditioiuil   mmmmm—---------
°"Vt£°SrT^* there-
vornble to *e;«"»5 i^ constant  nv
,h0 WUSyeons!a-tl?  extended
of all     wealth  in  tbi
Programs, Dodgers, Pamphlets or
Books, or any kind of Printing which
you want executed promptly and
correctly,   send  lt  hero.
Mail orders for Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed to tho letter and sent return
mail. Prices the same as for work
done in this city. Try ua with an
order.
fore  ..^^^
selling   and
reproduction
m*mm  in  	
APPLICATION  FOR MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
£■?   iheundi •- gtiert, htrtby apply for membership in .. ^^™	
kocal Socialist Party of Canada.
^^^^   , party, (listnirt lroni nuo ini|,™., „. „.. ^—_^_^^^^^^
[fftdmitlcd to nietnbenihip I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any dthct political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote .and all other legitimate minus the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Parly of Canada only,
Applicant	
Address	
Occvipntipn	
Age       Citizen...
Admitted to IvOcal
. ' ■ .1 '■'i iffi    ':
s
'■"MB
_■ .V?
).l5g
Wj
■1
_f»
k4
W-'
*r-___fl
__4
\* ,$4amm\
ll
I
--■•"-
D-MMI-M-
IQOUVMt,
Saturday, -ept^,-^
E-—y<w
■"•-•
Socialist Party of Canada
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE  HEADQUARTERS.
J. O. MORGAN, Secretary. .Vancouver, B. 0.
»—-~
.Vancouver, B. C, Sept. 5.—Room
10, Masonic Block)—Present, Comrades Stebbings (chairman!, ilentsa,
Organizer Kingsley and the Secretary.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and adopted
The following correspondence was
dealt with.
From Comrade H. H. Stuart. Frod-
erickton. N.B., concerning possible
locals in Grandmanan Island and
Campo Bello, N. B. Received and
complied with.
From J. VV. Hope, Calgary, concerning the movement in that city.
■Received and filed.
From Alex. Boyd, Hamilton, intimating the intention of comrades
there to form a local.
The secretary was instructed to
send application form and constitution.
Adjournment.
 o	
: ILCProyiacial Executive
m    Socialist Party of Canada.
..Vancouver, Bt C, Sept. 5.—Room
10, Masonic Block)—Present, Comrades Stebbings (chairman), Hintsa,
Organizer Kingsley and the secretary.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and adopted.
Credentials were received from
Vancouver Ijocal for Comrade Jacob
N. Hintsa as a member of the Executive Committee.
The credentials were reoe'ved and
the comrade given seat and vote on
the committee.
The following correspondence was
dealt with.
From Wm. N. Moore, Fernie, requesting application form for charter
and intimating the intention of the
comrades in that town to reorganize
the local. Received and complied
w'th.
From Vancouver I~>cal, enclosing
$5 for due stamps and monthly report.     Received  and  complied  with.
Receipts.
Vancouver, No. 1, stamps     5.00
Adjournment.
LABOR  MARKET   AND   IMMIGRATION.
VANCOUVER LOCAL, NO.  1.
Members of Vancouver Local are
requested to take notice that hereafter the regular business meetings
will be held on Monday, instead of
Wednesday evenings of each week.
The regular propaganda will continue at Sullivan Hall as usual.
Comrade Kingsley was speaker at
the last meeting and represented the
rause in bis characteristic and able
manner to an interested audience.
Since the recommencement of our
business meetings, which were lapsed
for a time, we have taken in {111.75
in dues, which speaks well for the
interest evidenced in thc revival of
business.
Fraternally,
DAVID P. MILLS,
Secretary.
o	
"ANCIENT
WEAPONS"
ORDER.
MADE   TO
Natives of Central and Eastern Africa are denied the use ot modern firearms. The business of making old-
fashioned flint locks for their use ts
the means of maintains quite an industry In Birmingham and Belgium cities.
Home of thise flint locks have fallen Into the hands of travelers, and are considered a find. In order to meet the
demand thus created by those who
make a fad of collecting what are believed to be ancient weapons, it Is said
that flint locks are now especially made
for the purpose, and are so manufactured as to give the appearance of old
age.—Exchange.
Not at all a bad scheme this, of furnishing the natives with weapons of a
fashion entirely out of date. It affords
the double opportunity of cheaply acquiring the products of their labor, and
at the Bame time prevents them from
acquiring weapons of sufficient power
to enable them to chase the enterprising trader off the premises. And then
again in the manufacture of old-style
weapons in such a way as to give them
the appearance of old age, .thereby affording an easy means of separating the
collector of antiquities from his cash,
We recognize the features of our dear
old friend "incentive," whom we are
told the bad Socialists Intend to destroy. Dear old friend, long may he
reign.
Superintendent Stockett, of tho
Western Fuel Company, ind tho notorious Ralph Smith, are »c,\ered
together at tho Hotel .'ancouvor.
just prior to the latter s hantv departure for Ottawa. The Nanaimo
miners may confidently expel.*, a lt.i'ge
M/.ed Senegambfan lo wieiye fioin
the wood-pile shortly. 'hat the
malodorous Smith person is to stop
at. Winnipeg on his way to the Capital, and address the "Lord'H Day
Alliance," will by no moans tend to
bleach the Senogambiun's skin,
An Opportune
for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
if reading matter. Trv our book
exchange. Return two old books end
leo.'ive one new one.
E. GALLOWAY
VANCOUVER. B. C.
Ill Abkett Street       Vancouver, B. C.
Mall orders promptly attended to
The fact that more than 1,000,000
immigrants entered tho United
States during the fiscal year ending
.June 30, and that, as the summer
advances, the flood is incteasiug rather than subsiding, is causing protest in some o,uarters against the
admittance of the Italians, Hungarians and other natives of southern
Europe who chiefly compose the incoming hosts. These sturdy workers are no doubt less easily assimilable than the people from the north
European states, who, until a few
years ago, furnished the bulk of our
imiu.grution. Further, a glut of the
labor market is .prophesied as one
of the dangers of this unprecedented
inflow of foreign toilers.
Midsummer is commonly the dull
season of the year, when furnaces,
mills und factories are wont to close
lor repairs or to curtail the'r activities for want, of orders. Now, if ever, the dreaded surplus of labor
should appear. On the contrary,
from nearly every part of the country is heard the cry for more workmen. In the great iron making districts around Pittsburg and Cleveland many industries are crippled for
lack of laborers. The demand for
pig-iron and steel rails and billets,
is so great that the plants aro
working double shifts. Elsewhere
mills and factories find their midsummer demand the largest of the
year, and instead of being able to
reduce their labor pay-rolls, are seeking additional help in order to run
night and day.
Outside tbe manufacturing centres
the story is the same. All over the
country thc demand for agricultural
laborers exceeds the supply. Here in
the northwest the labor shortage is
delaying, the harvest. In Kansas,
the farmers are eager to pay high
wages to anyone who looks like a
worker, and they are so liberal in
their interpretation of this qualification that several companies of stranded barnstorming actors have found
thoir salvation in the wheat fields.
In California thc call for workers in
the vineyards and orchards is louder than ever before. In the south,
foreign labor is eagerly welcomed.
Clearly tne enormous immigration
has caused no glutting of the labor
market.
What is wanted in this era of widespread industrial pros(ierity is not a
curtailment of the labor supply, but
better menns of distributing the immigration. This is one of tho problems which it is likely coni-ress will
taicc up at its next session, and there
is a probability that a plan will be
evolved whereby the bureau of immigration will take charge of this
important work. With methods of
distribution that will more effectually bring together labor demand and
labor supply and prevent congestion
of the new-comers in foreign quarters of the cities', there need be little fear that American institutions
can not assimilate even the present
multitudes, of incoming laborers. —
Spokesman-Review.
Greenwood,  B.C., Aug. 10.
Editor   of   Spokesman-Review,    Spokane,   Wash.
Deal' Sir,—Alter reading your editorial on "Labor Market and Immigration," of Aug, 9, I am surprised
to see the stand you take re lack
of laborers in the United States and
your imagination of the necessity of
immigration
1 must come to tine co_clusion that
you are either misinformed on this
subjVct, or else you deliberately try
to misrepresent  facts,
The facts and . figures about unemployment, although very imperfect,
show that tho ovil is wide spread,
even in times of "prosperity."
The census of 1890 shows, that 8,«
1528,730, or 15.1 per cent, of all
the workers over ten years of age,
seeking gainful employment, were unemployed a part of the time during
that year. These figures are, how-
over, criticized by the census for
1900 as incomplete; but the census
of that year, (1900) shows that the
unemployed, for at least part of the
time numbered 6.4US.961, or 22.S
per cent., and that 39 per cent, of
tlie mule workers, or 2,069,546 persons, were idle from four to six
months of that year.
The census of 1903 shows that tho
army of unemployed hue increased
to 49.8 por cent, of all the workers.
These figures are for tlie country as
a whole and for all industries, includ
ing agriculture. In manufacturing
alone, the unemployed rose to 27.2
per cent ot all the workers for the
year 1900, and conditions are steadily getting worse. This proves that
modern improvement in machinery is
taking the places or jobs away from
the laborer and increased immigration is bound to cause keener competition for the jobs left. Hence,
immigration is bound to create an
.economic disaster to the American
laborer, nnd as President Walker
siiys, "Tho substitution of one kdnd
of man for another."'
Robert Hunter says: "Generally
"' speaking, immigration is promot-
" ed of two classes, large eniploy-
" ers of labor socking always and
" everywhere the cheapest form ob-
" tainablc, and owners of the Trans-
" Atlantic Steamship Companies.
" Tho people who come do not ex-
" pact to fight a hard industrial
" battle after they have arr ved;
'"* they have been deceived by Uie for-
v eign agents; trnfflckied In lor pro-
"' fit, and looted by the unscrupul-
" oiih. It should bo realized that
" the forces promoting immigration,
" arc selfish forces, caring neither
" for the welfare of tho countjy nor
" for (he welfare ot the immigrant.
" Whenever   a   bill     cornea    before
*■' congress to restrict Immigration,
" every ellort is made by these pri-
" vate interests to prevent its pas-
" sage. A few years the following
" letter was sent out by a general
'* agent of the North German Lloyd
" Steamship Co., to their many ag-
" encies in nil parts of this coun-
" try:
Immigration Bill comes up in the
House, Wednesday. Wire your congressmen, our expense, protesting
againfei proposed exclusion, and requesting bill be defeated, informing
him that vote in favor means defeat
next election."
(Signed),  "II.  Clnussenius &  Co."
The facts are, Mr. Editor, as the
Commissioner of General Immigration said in thc Senate in 1902.
"Let industries pay a living wage,
and they will have laborers enough."
ABEL HALLBERG.
ANU THE FACTORY GIRL BOWED
The newspapers have recently furnished us with lively accounts of a
factory-girl who worked in the East-
end of London, nnd who married an
American millionaire. These accounts aroused no particular interest
in me. Perhaps, if I thought at all
about the subject, it was to feel a
passing compnssion for a young person who became thu wife of a colossal cheque-book. But I experienced the most eager sensations when I
road the narrative of the visit of
lhe bride and bridegroom to tho lady's former residence in Bethnal
Green. The wise planets which arranged my career placed mo for eight
years in n board school in that dismal quarter of London. I can recall, with a shudder, the ragged children whom I used to teach, thc
gloomy streets they dwelt in, and the
general poverty-stricken atmosphere
of that district.
"Now," I asked, "what will Beth-
nul Green do when the colossal cheque-book and his wife drive up in
their mot or.car?"
The newspapers record that Bethnal Green sent, a big crowd of its
inhabitants to besiege the door of
tho house, wnich Mr. and Mrs. Millionaire (I forget thc correct name)
had been so good as to enter. They
examined the motor-car—she had sat
in it. They smelt the petrol—she
had been pronelled through the
streets of London b.v it. They eyed
the door—she had shut it behind her.
They gazed at. the windows—she
might perchance look out. They spied
smoke nsronding from the chimney-
she was partaking of a hot dinner.
At length tho colossal cheque-book
emerged and handed his wife Into
the car. Shouts rent the air—a very
dusty and plebeian air is that of
Bethnel Green, and very inferior to
the air of Biarritz or Mentone. But
t does well enough to echo the
cheers of poverty, saluting the gleam
of the golden god. Tho people pressed with enthusiasm round the vehicle.
And the factory girl bowed.
Alas, for Bethnal Grctn! I fear
tho day of its salvation will not
soon dawn. There is a world of dis
cipline needed for its poor soul before it will understand its place, its
work, its dignity. Bethnal Green
actually believes that the factory-
girl ought to be congratulated on
marrying ft millionaire. One girl
from among tens of thousands suddenly rises to thc splendid possession
of a rich husband. The rest of her
former work-mates will go on living
in a dull environment, earning scanty wages, marrying ill-paid laborers,
bearing children who will add a
fresh mass of flesh and blood to the
vast and helpless proletariat. What
does Bethnal Green think about them?
Nothing. They are everyday tragedies. A horrible decay takes place
daily in the life of the East-end soul.
Poetry, music, beauty have fled from
this inferno of commonplace and dispirited streets. Death smiled grimly
when he heard the cheers. But I do
not mean the skeleton death who
presides over the dissolution of the
body. I mean the ghastly and putrid creature who represents the
death of the Lovely in human souls.
And the factory-girl bowed.
Of course shj did. It was quite
proper to acknowledge the obvious
fact that the people of Bethnal
Green were moved by a sincere and
passionate reverence for money.
Mere money, mind you, They did
not cheer because the g.rl had married an honest man. Thero are, I
am happy to know, plenty of honest
young men in Bethnal Green, but
their brides ure greeted with no uproarious shouts. No; Bethnal Green
shrieked, in pious and devout joy,
because a poor factory-gir! had suddenly been transformed into a big
property ownes. She could see the
meaning o, it: and she bowed her
acknowledgements.    •
The poor simply imitate the so-
called superior classes of society. If
n middle-class man comes into a fortune, he is immediately overwhelmed
with expressions of delight  from the
BRIOSON'S BAKERY
Powell Stmt, Cedar Cove
TRY  OUR  BREAD,   CAKES,  ETC.
Burns ti Co.
HARDWARE and
: Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves ln tha City.
Boom Chains,   Augers,  loggers' Jacks, Etc.
Ws have moved into our new
and commodious premises :
138 Cordova St., East
YInm WO       Vaaceaver, B. 0.
educated mob They smell his petrol with a holy kindness, and watch,
with respectful fascination, the curl
of his chimney-smoke. They know
he will not be any the better man.
Thev do not know whether or not
hc- will actually do harm and damnation with his sudden flux of guineas.
But these questions do not disturb
their religious ecstasy. The sight of
gold dust, suddenly descending in
thick layers on n mans body, gives
theiu   untold  pleasure.
While this unwholesome spirit prevails, it i.s useless to expect any
benefit from the triumph of the
grandest poiiticni programme ever
sketched. Kill the House of Commons with I-ahor M.P.'s; appoint a
tram-driver ns premier; realize the
whole blessed scheme of tho Social
Democratic Federation-- but leave
this accursed nnd toadish spirit
among the people, and you will have
no reform, no new birth, no salvation; and England will not rise.
And the factory-girl bowed.
She will never bow to anything
more deplorable.
Young men, whatever trade you
earn your weekly wage at, be sure
of this; that one of the most important businesses you have to ]>er-
form in life is—by word, look, deed,
and agitation—to fight this paltry
and vulgar money-worshipping licast.
—F. J. Gould. In Leicester Pioneer.
. o	
\OT   EVEN   GAMBLERS"   HONOR.
The wealth-madness of our capitalist class has supplied yet another "cause celebre," this one even
mote instructive lhan the usual run
of Four Hundred divorce cases. William W. Allis, of the Allis-l'halmers
Company or Mach.nery Trust, a
multi-.illionnire wenl into n gambling house in Milwaukee two or three
weeks ngo to "try his luck.'' Had
Mr. Allis won, he would have walked out proudly, more convinced than
ever before <>f his extraordinary bu
si
el
Cedar Cove Meat Market
J. A. HAMLEY, Prop.
Fraib and Fish and
Salt Meats Vegetable!
Some Vancouver!tes are wondering why the Labor Day Celebration-
ists did not have something in the
way of public speakers ns a part ol
the day's programme. With such a
shining light in the labor world as
Ralph Smith, who never misses an
opportunity to hold the gaping multitude spell-bound with his eloquence
within easy reach, it is a sad disappointment indeed, that he was not
on hand. Perhaps he remembers his
reception here of two years since.
 o ■	
Although it i.s the "good old
summer time." that portion of tho
year in which it were reasonable to
expect I here would be work to do,
according to exchnnges, the unemployed problem is still most pressing
in old England. About West Ham
some thousands of men out of work
are gathered, nnd their conditions
are becoming so unendurable that
they are beginning to threaten desperate measures. To ono who is capable of realizing the enormous suf-
f el ing that is entailed upon the working class under th? rule of capi talist
properly, no measures the victims
could adopt to relieve their distress
would be considettd as too drastic,
or unjustifiable.
ness ability and "reading his title
ear" to all that he could lay his
hands on. But alas! Mr. Allis'
luck was bad. nnd he lost $41,000
of the money his employers' labor
had laid up for him. flail he becii
a common gambler of the unlegalized sort, Mr. Allis would hupe accepted the chances of the game and
hoped for better luck another day.
But he is not a common gambler.
He is a business man. a captain of
industry, a master of finance. His
idea of "sport'' is that it is all
right when he wins, and all wrong
If he loses; as a capitalist, he feels
that any game in which he doesn't
have assure thing is an immoral
game. So he went straight to the
police headrjiiavters and demanded
that the guardians of the public
pence get back his $41,000 for him
and close up this wicked gambling
den. Thnt is just what we should
expect an eminent business man to
do. Wodcrn capitalist business is a
game which has all the bad features
it inro or roulette, without even
that sort of honor lhat professional
gamblers rospo I. Tn the game called business, the cards are marked,
the dice are loaded, the wheel is
fixed; and besides all that, in the
business game, "welching" is an established institution. When this
trust magna I e and bank president
"f-queals" because he has lost in a
game with his eves open and with
the intention of winning and keeping what he won, he is just carrying into the field of avowed gambling the double crooked ethics of the
bankruptcy court, the distinctive feature of the meanest system of gambling the world has yet seen. Even
the outcasts of Polaer Flat have a
good right to look with contempt
on the "respectable citizens" of capitalist   society.—The Worker.
Tn addressing the miners at v*illes-
barre,  Penn.,  recently,    tha'     great
labor lender,   Cardinal  GtbhOt_i ij, s-
ed with the following wor ls:
"God bless the noble wor'-cing MeU,
Who rear the cities of the plain.
Who dig the mines and   build :b3 ibi| s
And drive the commerce of the main,
God  bless thorn,    for   their   swarthy
hnndji
Have     wrought    the   glory    of    our
lands."
Upon the same occasion that "hor-
ny-honded son of toil" Teddy Roosevelt, allowed his safety-valve to
"pop oil" the following choice squirt:
"I strongly believe in trade unions,
wisely and justly handled, in which
the rightful purpose to benefit those
connected with thorn i.s not accompanied by n desire to do injustice or
wrong to others. I believe it the
duty of capitalists and wage-workers to try to seek one another out,
to understand each other's point of
view, and to endeavor to show
broad and kindly sympathy, one
wilh the other." All of which, and
more of the same kind of "tommy-
rot," prompts ihat other equally
eminent labor leader, Sam Gompers,
to remark in the current number of
his persona! blowpipe, the American Federationist, that, "the above
utterances of men in great pubic
positions arc simply inhications of
the better nnd higher conception
which now obtains in regard to the
work- and nims of the great lnbor
movement."
Nothing of the kind, Samuel; nothing of the kind. The unctions flattering of a Gibbons, the silly small
talk of n Roosevelt, as well as your
own inntie mouthing- along the same
lines, nre merely indications of the
hypocritial cajolery that is necessary to keep tho working mule In a
miniiiently docile frnms of mind to
(liable capital to remain in the saddle, nnd its henchmen, tho Roosevelt s. Gibbons, nnd the llkos of
yourself to retain a tail-hold behind
No doubt the "noble working-
men" do nil of the wonderful things
• he hnrd-work.ing rardinaj accuses
ihem of, but if they are so devoid
of sense as to be hypnotized by the
silly small talk of capitalist apologists into meekly submitting to being robbed of the products of their
labor. It would be rnnk injustice for
the ruler of tho universe to bestow
his blessing upon them, as sugeestod
by Gibbons. There would be Rome,
th ng quite different from a blessing
coming to them.
NegligeeShirt
Hot Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns aro n I
some of the choice ones w_i\l*kl
early, and somo of tuu «L "-HI
cannot duplicate, u »ou . *"» »i|
unusual styles it will int«i_-*l'*l|-*l
come promptly. ^^-Nii-f
riatiron Hats
Th« Swartest Soft Hat of the SeiMl
These Hats have been enth„0
cal.y    received  by young ^M
the very first day  we l,i„ "    M
out.     Neither   trouble  nor       H
has been saved in tlie nroduru!?!
these  goods,   as you  »T25l
acknowledge upon examination! 1
KILROY,  MORGAN CO, tfj
110 Cordova Street
S. T. WALLACE'S
Cash Grocery Store!
Wo also carry a full lino 0f Fur_;
ture,  on easy  payments,   at
that cannot  be  duplicated.   Kim
insficct our stock. ■
Cor Westminster Ave and Harris Stn«|
VANCOUVER, B, C.
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t       Professional and Amateur Supplies
~ ■ ~—^-^——-—=—s ■" immmmmerZr''
Souvenirs of all kinds; Postcards,  Views,   View   Books, Etc,
Amateur Developing and Printing.
SPECIAL SERVICE FOR TOURISTS     , ;|
MARSDEN BROS., "*£«?*
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| Confederation Life Association!
I Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Land, Loan & Insurance Agent.
J?   Tbe Norwich Union Fire.
Kri'RKSK.ntinc :
The New York Plate (>Ia«n lYiiinaiiy.
The New York I'lulerwrilers' l'ire       The Ontario Accident i (,ui|wny.
5 The Dominion Permanent Lokn Company.
a We make a specialty of I/swing private funds.    If you have uioncj to |
S loan or desire to borrow, see us.
S When you want lire, Life or Accident Insurance, we quote !...v(".t rales
y consistent wilh security.
j 'Pkoie 153, or Call at Oar Mice, 607 Hastings Street, West.
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wwwjwJtywMsV*
1   W. R. Bbown W. Hhwky
BROWN & HOWEY
 Dealers in	
Hay, Grain, Flour and Feed
130-1 Westminster Avenue;
Warehouse foot of Granville Street
| Phone 161 Vancouver, B.C.
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We Are Up-to-Date
John V. Black
Uhe Photographer
TRY OUR NKW
FOTO F0LDBR8
|i PBfi.  DOZBN
M4 Granville Street
Vancouver, B. C
IN
WATCH
REPAIRING
GREAT CARE IS EXERCISED, AS
WE ENTRUST THE REPAIR TO
EXPERIENCED WORKMEN ONLY.
AND NOT TO APPRENTICES OR
AMATEURS.
SPRQTT & Co.
72 Cordova    St.    next  to Hurvey's.
COOL KITCHENS
This warm Summer weather is very trying to Houw
Tho heat of the coal and wood  stove is simply unbearable.
Kitchen drudgery is reduced to n minimum by the u«
Cas Stove and Oaa Hot Plates. Meals can be prepared
and well,  without hosting the whole house.
Housekeepers with a Gas Slove have much more time
creation   than   those who  use tho coal ami wood stoves.
In our I-cmonstrating and Show room wo have m;v'*V
and makes sot up for examination and trial.     Call nnd
.iVelf'*1'
. of <h-
rilllcWj'l
for
I'D*
siyl"8
.,.   tllO**"'
VANCOUVER CAS Co, LM. *"**-1" *iSaT """"

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