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The Western Clarion Apr 21, 1906

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TH!« 11
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
By Blind folly the Ruling Class Uses Meansi'Rat" Hasten the
Approach o! the Day When Their Rule Shall
be Brought to an End.
Subscription Price
Psa Y_»n
It seems to have- been characteristic
or every ruling class In blstoiy that It
u;is absolutely inoapable of discovering tl"' proper course to pursue In ur*
der to prolong its reign to the utn ost
limit. Whenever a ruling class has
mci nteii the upproacb of danger It 1ms
Invariably resorted to arbitrary action or open force in order lo ward
orr the threatening danger and secure
tn Itself u continued lc-uac of power.
To attempt by force to stifle the expression of unytljlng that makes for
progress and u greater freedom for
human Kind i* about tlie most fuul-
hardy venture possible for thut ele-
nii nt In human society which would
have things remain stationary In or-
der lhat it might prolong Us existence
un a ruling ciuas. Such blind folly
seems to be one of the most effective
mens Whereby Dams Nature hurries
foi ward the evolution of human *u-
i let)'   towards     .1   better     and   nobler
c ivtllsatlon,
At no time iu the history of thc
socialist movement lu Germany dIJ lt
nglst. i so rapid uud Sturdy a growth
as during the citne the viciously repressive laws of the ISiMu.iuk regime
u i ip In vogue, instead of those
measures having the Intended effect
ol crushing the movement In it* Infancy, they bad i|ulle the contrary
one .if hurrying it forward to a lusty
manhood, uble to hold its own against
MCtlonary forces even greater thnn
I Uie Kmplre's eruzy rulers could COh-
Ijure forth agilnsi it.
That which Is true In Mil* re»P<Cl Is
[.ii*..  irue  of  the'  other capitalistic illy
(sdvanced    countries   of    continental
Europe,    Thooe    of which  it Ix nol
ii are thoM which have as yet
i.iic»te.| behind 111 the process of capitalist development, hut even in such
countries the evidence is b> no means
lacking that un this development
reaches the point where it will f.>rc<.
it e issue, the same foolhardy at-
tempt nt repression will be mad)   b]
ir-.e ruling ciass ami the s_ staunch
ju.d rapid growth will be recorded by
the in.>\ .n.ent
That which Ingoing on In ttinwln to-j
Bay ought to be a lesson and warn
ing to the    ruling dome*
rountrtes which  have hot yet  taken I in vincible
jthe  fatal  Step.     A  partially  developed
unruffled and undisturbed. The agitator has held uu,. lo hi, soap-box,
•>lth none to make him ufrald. lie
with a grievance has been left to proclaim ll from the housetop and no
• ■ne Hail) hTin, nay. If the muttering*
and grumbllngH became too pronounced a fen crumb.! that cost little and
Rome unctuous .-mall talk that cost
less, oleared the atmosphere and
calmed the storm. The "sturdy Rug.
ilsh workman.- \.tth the erstwhile
belly-ache   of   discontent   became   once
more tree from hi* cohc und resumed
the "even tenor" business Just -like his
rulers. This subtle wisdom upon the
part of the Knglish ruling class has
without doubt been a powerful factor
in retarding the growth and development of the Socialist movement in lhat
country. Though Kngland is the pioneer land of capitalism and the system
is probably more highly developed there
than In any other European country,
the revolutionary movement of the proletariat appears to lag in-hind that of
neighboring lands.
The capitalist class of the United
States, though n -ver disposed to handle
its wage-elave victims with kid gloves.
Is Of late becoming quite prone to that
vulgar display Of arrogance that too
frequently attaches, itself u, suddcniy
Beqntred affluence ami power. Inst' ad
of kid gloves American capitalists appear lo be more particularly partial
to hobnailed boots. More and more
openly are they resorting to arbitrary
and repressive measures in their efforts to Ktltie th- movement of their
Wage slaves to rise to better eotidi-
ttona of life.   Countless Indications of
• hi* are afforded in tlie actions of
court-, legislative bodies and federal
and state; executives during recent
year**. A i BSS In jiolnt and of the most
glaring kind i» that ..f iiv- arbitrary
seizure and kidnapping of the officials
of the Western Federation of Miners in
Colorado recently, nut Just as happen* in all countries where It Is re-
BOrted to. such arbitrary and repressive measures have the effect of plv-
ing Impetus, strength A-id virility to
the movement they are Intended to ie-
preps, by weaving closer ths ties of
class solidarity among the workers and
• hug binding them together by a common   Interest   Into an  army   ready  for
Hearst's Chicago Evening American
chortles over the virtues of municipal
ownership as follows:
"Manchester sells gas to Us citizens
»t 25 cents per thousand cubic feet
At this rate the net profits last year
were $320,429. The price in Chicago Is
SCi cents.
In Manchester the net profits of municipal ownership are turned over to
help pay the taxes. That is where the
people come In."
The Socialist has always contended
that state and municipal capitalism
could afford no relief to the proletariat. The- substitution of the state or
municipality for the Individual capitalist or concern as an employer In no
manner alters the status of he who Is
propertyless and must perforce sell his
labor power in order to maintain his
existence. Under this Manchester municipal ownership it may be readily
seen that the city as an exploiter of
lsbor In the gas industry, garnered a
profit of over three hundred thousand
dollars last year, which lt promptly applied to the benefit of the propertied
'lass by practically paying their taxes
with it. Of course, "that Is where the
peopls come In." But the people are
the property owners. The working
mules must stay out so long as the
Wage system  remains.
of  other! ihe fray, an army !w>Ui Irresistible a:nl
lf  the  ruling class    of any country
ulsh'es to  hasten the day of its iloom
Capitalism   has  brought   forth   within
ths boson of* s feudalism Stricken'p, <a„ j„ so In no surer way than by
with the palsy of old age. those forces! re-sorting to repressive measures to
which can only find expression along (stay Ha approach. Let them continue
tbe line of raising the status of Uus-1 with their tyrannies and oppressions.
Flu's enthralled millions to lhal "f il Lei them fill their Jails and penlten-
1 etter civillsutton and n higher stan- j —arias with the bravest and best from
ilard of comfort ami well-being. The i labor's ranks. Let them suppress soma.!  fremy of a  dying  feudalism  In j CsUed   seditious  publications   and   use
Its effort to stem the tide- and pr >long
its baneful existence has kindle.1 the
Bres of a living hell with the miteh-
«".„| 0f oppression, and the flames
have been fanned to white heat by the
desperate ferocity of a half developed
capitalism which finds its own existence threatened with that of its feudal
forebear.      In   this   owful   furnace   is
being forged •■ sociulist movement
that will come forth triumphant mid
with the temper of steel.
While the ruling classes of these
various countries like proverbial fools
rush lu "where angels fear to
tread,*- In their mod endeavor td stem
tlie tide that was eventually destined
to engulf them; not so the;
c lass of Kngland. This class has
been wise in its day anil generation.
When muttering* of discontent have
been heard In the land they huve pursued  "the even  tenor  of  their   way"
very other means within their power
to stay the day of labor's deliverance
from the bondage of the ages, and they
may rest assured that by so doing they
are  but  hastening its dawn.
I/psl the accusation be made that
Canada's ruling class ha** been Intentionally slighted In these somewhat
rambling observations, lt Is well to
remark that they are showing a disposition to blindness similar to that of
their prototypes elsewhere, save In the
"mother country." Indications are not
lacking to show that they are becoming vexed over something. However,
good advice ought to be at all times
taken In kindly spirit, and when en-
I let Ing upon any venture whatsoever
ruling j lt .„ w<,|| t() remember "whom thc
gods would destroy they first make
mad." Also "there are none so blind
as those who will not see," unless,
perchance, It be those who both will
not and cannot.
A news item In the- pajiers Of recent
elate announces that the Amerlc-un
Woolen company, at South Lawrence.
Mass., Is building the greatest n ill In
the world. "This one mill Ib 1.900 feet
—more than one-third of u nii:e—In
length; It Is 160 feet wide, six stories
in height, and will cost $3,r.oo,ono." _n*
glne* of 10,000 horse-power will move
the machinery, and employment will
be furnished to 6,000 people. This, lo the-
news-writer and the enthusiast le- public, appears to be a wonderful achievement* They swell with pride ut the
power of the millions It represents.
The thought of the cloy Is upon great
buildings, wonderful machinery, busy
looms. But little thought Is bestowed
upon the 6.000 human beings that will
be part of the power—thc main power—
of that great mill. Out of this mill
there will come, for a few men, prosperity beyond their luted*. For the
«.000 laborers—whut? — Typographical
For tbe laborers the long-drawn out
agony of wage-servitude under those
conditions Hint capitalist property can
alone conjure forth with which to torture its victims. They will bc ground
up, flesh, bone unci slucw, into the savory "surplus, value'' that so tickles the
palate ot the economic tyrants who,
through their titles of ownership ln
the. means of production, are the supreme* masters of the working class.
The purpose of thla mill, like ull capitalist Industries, will be to grind out
profit  for the owners, from  the car
casses of wage-slaves. In so doing no
discrimination will be made in regard
to color, creed, age or sex. All Will be
treated with an Impartiality commend-
Sbla In the extreme. In dealing with
Its slaves, capital plays no favorites.
Kneh must contribute to its profit the
last drop of Juice In his hones. Through
this mill will come, il is true, prosperity for the owners, but It will come
from the exploitation and agony of the
6.000 slaves who will be offered up as
a sacrifice to capitalists, within Its
walls.   That Is whnt.
The fabulous profits of capitalists
as well as tlie luxurious and expensive
living of themselves nnd their henchmen and hangers-on. Is wrung from
thn unpaid toll of the laboring people,
the wealth producers. The laborers of
field, factory, mine und forest, are alike
exploited without mercy to satisfy tho
hungry maw of capitalist property.
Hut It 1* never satisfied. The more
that Is poured Into It the more ravenously hungry It becomes. So huge Is
Its bulk and so ruvenous Its appetite
that In spile of the enormous productive power of lubor. tho workers are
able to secure from their product bare,
ly enough to niiilntnin their existence
from day to day. And yet so heartily
do the workc rs relish this exploitation,
and the "hunil to mouth" existence
which It entn':,. that thousands of
them giw the rule of capital their loyal
support at the polls, nnd and
tnako Its continuance possible.
The state is the Instrument, of the
ruling class. By means of Its legislative, executive. Judicial and police powers, the ruling class affirms its right
to rule and rob the workers In the
field of Industry, by holding them in
subjection to the infernal processes of
capitalist exploitation. If the workers
are to free themselves from wage-
bondage they must obtain control of
the state and use Its powers for the
purpose of destroying the rule of capitalism In the economic field. As Marx
and Engels have put It, this will be
the last act of the state. It will "die
out," because It will have no further
function to perform. There will no
longer be a class to rule or a class to
be ruled.
It Is being told that W. R. Stubbs,
accompanied by his little son, went Into the senate gallery the lost time they
were In Washington. Among the persons the boy was interested in was Edward Everett Hale, a magnlcent looking old man. His father told him that
was the chaplain.
"Oh, he prays for the senate, doesn't
he?"   asked   young  Stubbs.
"No," replied the Kansas speaker;
"he gets up and takes a look at the
senate, and prays for the country."—
Kansas City Star.
Cannot Withstand the Pressure oi the Surrounding Capitalist
System.    Salvation Army to the Rescue of
Needy Employers of Labor
Sunday, April 8th is a elay which will
In all probability be remembered in the
history of the revolutionary movement
here as the first day of the revolution.
A large audience assembled In Woodward's pavilion, al the Moyer-Haywood
protest meeting. Jack London was advertised to speak, but failed to appear.
The meeting was addressed by the
president of the Labor Council and
three others, who were Socialists.
About t2f,:> wub taken In lhe collection,
and resolutions were passed pledging
such support to the officials of lhe W.
K. of M. as .forthcoming events might
determine. At the close of the meeting
it was moved that we parade to Lotta
Fountain, in front olf .he capilalist
press buildings, viz., the Call, the Examiner and the Chronicle, and state ln
public the result of the meeting. About
fifteen hundred men and a few women
paraded, six abreast, canylng a few-
banners bearing the Marxian motto.
Arriving at liie fountain ihe crowd was
addressed by George s. Holmes, of the
Si L P. Tiie crowd assembled was enthusiastic and orderly until a mad
"bull" got a sight of the red flag. He
ami Soother thug pulled down the flag,
and one or two who, with the speaker,
were on the fountain, and immediately
took Holmes a prisoner. This was too
much for the crowd, and several tried
to rescue Holmes. Some one (said to
be a plain clothes thug), threw a brick
at the cop. In a few minutes there
was a shower of brick bats and other
missiles. Holmes was put on a passing
Street-car  and  a large detachment of
cossacks came on the run. with their
clubs drawn. They were hooted on all
sides, and there were several encounters between these armed thugs and unarmed workmen. Just how the workers will fight when    they do take up j state of affairs tt supposes that
The Telegram in an editorial in Its
Issue of the 4th inst., on the fall of
Dowie, says that "It seems Inevitable
in these tlmeB that flat failure shall
follow the organisation of communal
societies in which the sexes mingle
and marry." Socialists are quite ready
to agree with the Telegram that communal societies "in these times" are
flat failures, though there ls another
cause than the sex question which accounts for the failures. We cannot expect a co-operative community to succeed within a competitive community.
The co-operative community can produce all it requires, but must exchange
some of its own products for the products of the competitive world by
which tt Is surrounded. "Business
methods" are required and these bring
dissension, jealousy snd a host of other
■•vlls in their train. Lacking a sufficiency of the means of wealth production the co-operatrve community
supports Itself but poorly, and owing
to Its numbers being few the minute
division of labor necessary under modern conditions cannot be carried on,
and sooner or later bankruptcy and
dispersal is the fate of the colony. The
Telegram goes on to say that this ls
the age of Individualism as opposed to
collectivism, which ls very true, but
like   other   apologists for the present
arms may be easily seen.   In the mean- j vldualism  (such as it Isi ls here for-
Hme another Socialist was addressing  ever, and cites the failure of communal
the crowd at the fountain, the crowd   colonies as proof,
having chased the cops a block along | •   •   •
Kearney Street, where the "riot" took ! The reasons for the failure of com-
place. The police, reinforced, came munal colonies do not hold good for
back with the patrol wagon and ar- the nation embracing collectivism. In
rested this speaker and others, about'the nation we have ample mesne of
seventeen in all. I think. Among those wealth production, the most p.-rfect
arrested was McDevitt, editor of tht (division of labor and the impossibility
Socialist Voice, which paper will j of any traitor or any body of traitors
doubtless contain a graphic account of j robbing the community. The common
this  "anarchistic  riot."    I  have been    ownership of the means of production
unable to learn as yet what punishment has been meted out to the "rioters." The real anarchistic rioters, the
union labor police, may go tree at
present, but I think the day is not far
distant when they will have to face the
workers on a different footing. The
sugar trust organ, the Call, published
a strenuous account of the affair. This
was the main feature of the paper,
Kiilch told of horrible anarchistic
speeches, fierce fights, red Hags and
other violations of the sanctity of law
which compelled these noble guardians
of the peace and law and order to interfere. There was absolutely no disturbance before the Schmitz police arrived. Altogether It was a red-letter
day in tbe genuine labor movement.
San  Francisco.
How the Rule ot British Capital in India Looks to a Native
Pholosopher Who Gets Six Months Imprisonment
and $350.00 Fine For His Philosophy
Times without number corroborative evidence crops up of the socialist
contention that "civilisation" Is based
upon theft, brutality, and even murder. While no organised socialist
movement exists tn India, there are
men who seem to unconsciously, perhaps, diagnose and give expression to
lhe basic Injustices upon which present-day society is builded. Por instance, a few weeks ago. Mr. Bhorkar
Halwant Bhopatkar, LL B„ proprietor and publisher of "Bhala" ("the
Spear"), a vernacular journal of
Poena, Bombay, was prosecuted for
printing a virulent lampoon on the
Itritisli Government. The trial is reported at some length In "The Friend
of India" (Calcutta). The accused
was described by his counsel as a man
lighting for local independence in Inula. Including local self-government
and Knglish citizenship, and India ls
treated by the Nationalist press of
Dublin as the Ireland of Asia. Mr.
Bhopatkat was, however, sentenced to
six months' Imprisonment, with a fine
ot 1.000 rupees (about,$350) for publishing what was styled In the Indictment an article "calculated to bring
into hatred nnd contempt, and to excite disaffection toward, the government established by law."
Thc lampoon In the "Bhala" complained  of as treasonable i« entitled
"A Durbar In Hell.'*
The Devil, "high on a throne of royal
ity with that very mode, four majesty, therefore, may be pleased to hear
an account of my cruelties. In the first
place. I entered under the pretext of
trade a country tn which 1 possessed
no rights, and with which I had no
connection, and by gradually fomenting dissensions among th« people there
commenced to deprive them of their
He proceeds to boast that he proclaimed himself Emperor of India. He
spread his power over the people by
forgery, robbery and oppression. He
violated their religious feelings, took
away their arms, and made a parade
of his magnificence. To quote further;
"Then I began to assume the authority of a king on the principle. 'Might
Is Right.' I made many forged documents. I plucked out the teeth of the
queens there, and robbed them of their
wealth by starving them. I ruined and
i made possible the robbery of the workers of that country and sent them to
hell. Then I became a king, and usurped the kingdom of many persons. I
robbed all of their Independence. I removed their wealth from there to my
distant country, so that there could be
no fear of Its coming back. I then
saddled them with different taxes. I
taxed their incomes and levied an Impost upon a commodity which ls vital
to their existence, that Is, salt. I gave
them bribes of money and made them
, hate their own country. Then I deprlv-
state which far outshines the wealth e<* them of their arms, and thus ar-
of Ormus or of ind, exulted sits." But ranged that they should not be able
he is grown old and unable to gov- to defend themselves, even If torn and
em, and summons candidates for thei devoured by wild beasts. I hanged
possession of his throne. Many are many of them, and Ill-treated their
examined. At lust but one remains, a' women and children. I consumed klne.
benevolent-looking old gentleman which are held sacred by them. I held
t, horn "none imagined would prove]many durbars like this without any
preeminent In deeds of cruelty." This reason, and made a parade of my own
Is John Bull, who, according to Mr. | greatness thereat. . . I made a bon-
Bhoputkar's satire, thus addresses the fire of their lives, their wealth, their
Emperor of Hell: | homes, their religion, their reputation.
"Your majesty, many persons have their honor, their independence, and
till now sung the praises of their own everything else belonging to them. Can
accomplishments;  but all   these   pale  there  be  any more civilised  mode of
before a narration of my qualifications. ' oppression than this?   I alone, there- War. afforJ to be consonant witn tneir
Your majesty,  a member    gave    you   fore, deserve the throne." I duty as public servants working for a
some* Idea of civilised oppression, and The narrative goes on to say that
you also nodded your head In approval the ruler of the Infernal regions dear the time. From that I am perfectly scended from his throne at these words,
convinced that I alone am destined to embraced the successful candidate, and
obtain your kingdom. For I have exclaimed: "You alone are fit to suc-
practtsad oppression fully In  conform-   ceed me ln  this government."
and the equitable distribution of the
product will not prevent but foster individualism. All that will be required
of any Individual will be that he render his quota of labor for the common
good which will allow him ample time
to develop himself along whatever line
he chooses. "In these times" Individualism means the power to rob, and
the survivors from the battle for this
power are few* and growing still fewer.
Tlie individualism of the great bulk of
us is merged in "the dally round, the
common task."    Nearly every trace of
Individuality ls lost.
• •    s
Under the present system, with the
exception of a small minority, the capitalist class, we must all either work
or starve. The work for the most part
the most wearisome drudgery for long
hours daily with reward .tufficlent only
for a subsistence, and nothing to look
forward to but an old age of poverty.
Must we continue this system in order
that the small minority may develop
their individualities'' This kind of Individualism has to be supported by
baton, bayonet and ball, as lately exemplified ln Winnipeg. Under a cooperative system all would work that
are able, but the hours would be short,
the reward sufficient to make life worth
the living, and an anxiety concerning
old age and provision for the future of
the family would be abolished. Police
and soldiers would go where they belong.
All this and more may be obtained
by the working class when It chooses.
• s    •
Nothing is so dear to the heart of
the capitalist as cheap labor. The Salvation Army Is obtaining much praise
from the capitalist press for its efforts
to obtain this much sought benefit for
its masters. The Telegram says the
Salvation Army immigrants "will be of
immense service to the Ontario farmers, who, without them, would be compelled to let many a field lie fallow."
Yet "the English newcomers will not
be given large pay at first. They are
learning a new business." This Is certainly a snap for the Ontario farmer.
To get men who will be of "immense
service" for next to nothing should
make the Ontario farmers grateful indeed to  the Salvation  Army,  who so
kindly hand over the docile Immigrants
to their tender mercies. If the Immigrants object to be skinned so closely,
as some of them are likely to do, they
can count the ties to the nearest town
and perform that other service, also
"Immense," required of them, vlx^ .
the cheapening of the labor power in
the urban districts. They should not,
however, stay too long in the rural districts for fear they will have no hide .
left by the time the gentle farmer has
done with them.
• •   •
The Czar of all the Russias is gaining quite a mead of praise from the
sycophantic press because of his benevolence. He has been "paying from
his own private purse for the meals of
the children of the utterly poor." When
one thinks whence tbe Czar's "own private purse" ls filled the Irony of this
much praised benevolence is at once
apparent. As the Czar produces absolutely nothing except tyranny and murder, it ls easily seen that the wealth
which he spends must come from the
working class, the poor vuid "utterly"
poor workers. With the assistance of
a grasping nobility and a vampire capitalist class, the Czar skins the workers so closely yiat some of them become too utterly poor to be able to provide meals for their children, and the
children, perforce, accept from the
hand of charity a small portion of
what is theirs by right, and, doubtless,
the children and those of their parents
that have been butchered to sustain
the Czar upon his blood-stained throne,
are filled with a wondering admiration
of the "little father" and gratitude for
the benevolence that prompts him to
part with sufficient of his swag to keep
them alive.
* •   •
A correspondent writes to the editor
of the Journal of Insurance Economics
as follows:
"Your 'Open Door of Opportunity' is
fine reading, but I venture to suggest
the substitution of the tvrm 'paladins
of progress,' or something squally euphonious or more expressive, instead of
captains of industry," w.lich tn the
light of recent developments has become too suggestive of the French expression, 'chevalier dindustrle.' "
The French term deno'es "one who
lives by fraud," though it literally
means "captain of industry." The
latter is not only suggestive of the
former, but the two terms are interchangeable, and dubbing the rascals
"paladins of progress" or anything
else even if "equally euphonious or
more expressive" will not alter the
s   •   •
By the time these lines appear In
print that sprig of royalty, Arthur of
Connaught, supported in luuxrlous Idleness by a deluded people, will have
come and gone. The number of spectators to witness his official welcome
at the city hall ls to be limited to 300,
by invitation. What wire pulling there
wtll be to obtain admission to the
charmed number! There is no tuft
hunter so lost to self respect, no toady
so anxious to fawn, as the smaller capitalist, especially if he has risen from
the ranks of the workers, and there ls
a goodly number in Winnipeg. At the
drill ball the Connaught youth Will receive the school cadets In the presence
of 500 Invited spectators. A chance for
200 more .toadies than at the city hall.
These school cadets are having tfte
military spirit Instilled into them In
order that later on they may Join the
somewhat attenuated ranks of the militia for the glory of "king and country." and to the discomfiture ot the
working class. We should all be able
to shoot straight, we knew not at what
hour the ability may be needed, but to
allow the children to be Imbued with
militarism and patriotism ls a crime. If
capitalist property, real or personal, require defence let the capitalists defend
lt, and not the workers. Better still,
abolish the capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production and there
will be no capitalist property to be
damaged or defended.
In view of Booth's Salvation Army
labor colony scheme and others of similar ilk that are being hatched In England, the following clipped from an
English paper and forwarded to the
Western Clarion by a subscriber in
Vernon, B. C. Is apropos:
To the Editor of the Scarborough Post.
Sir:—If I may. as a favor, be allowed to say something to the many readers of your valuable paper about labor colonies, I would like to ask them
If they expect to catch "real habitual
vagrants" for their colonization scheme.
If it Is left to the Judgment of the police or the discretion of the Salvation
Army, or any other religious body.
Are these bodies likely to prove capable judges, seeing thnt the administrative efforts of the English, as a system, are on the side of "slavery for
the man" ln order to keep in luxury
"the few?" The police are as wise a
body of men ns ls to be expected from
their opportunities of education, are
fair-minded,  and as  humane  as they
wage. But, and It ls a great "but," In
order to satisfy "public opinion," they
must apprehend some one as the result of duty done. They will, like all
of us, follow the "line of least resistance,"    and    got   hold   of    the    "real
worker," place him before the public
as a "real vagrant." because they and
the magistrates know that he will
form the most valuable asset In a labor colony, and tend to make lt a "paying concern" so long as It lasts.
Labor colonies are merely the Instruments used to disguise their real object, "slavery." Their method Is but
an hypocritical moving of "dirt" from
one corner to another. The "habitual
vagrant" knows more about the police
than they know themselves, and can
easily evade their clutches, as a rule.
—Youra respectfully, C. C.
While thousands are Btarvlng In the
northern provinces of Japan, the recent Japanese loan has been heavily
over-subscribed by Japanese capitalists. Let ,no carping critic, however,
assume that between these two Incidents there exists any connecting link.
To do so would be rank treason to capitalist property.
Labor Is said to be honorable, and
Invests the toller with a dignity that
cannot be acquired *y any other
means. The unselfishness of the rich
ls clearly demonstrated by thetr generous Insistence that the poor shall
perform all of the labor and thus secure to themselves a monopoly of this
superfine brand of dignity.
PS :   .
li •'■'
Ike Western Claries
Published every Saturday In tha
interests of the working class nlone
at the Office of the Western Clarion,
Rack Block basement, 165 Hastings
Street, Vancouver, B. O.
Strictly in Advance.
Yearly aubecriptloa cards In
of llva or more, 75 cents each.
Advertising rates on application.
II you receive thla paper, it is paid
Addreaa a- communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
the minds of its victims, the workers,
the lesson and its meanings.
Now that labor, both organised and
j unoragnlsed, is being compelled to look
; to some line of political action for re-
j lief  from   the terrible  economic  pres-
| sure of the times, let the workers take
good  care  that those  whom they entrust with the carrying out of labor's
mandate   thoroughly   understand   the
mechanism  and    hidden    mesnlng  of
capitalist civilisation, to the end that
the  necessary course may be steered
to bring humanity to   that   haven of
"universal    co-operation" and    peace,
which Mr. Archbold acknowledges lies
In   the   future, but   considers   still   a
Watch thla labrel oa your paper. If thla number is on it,
your subscription expiree the
next Issue.
.'. April 2i; 190-,
John D. Rockefeller has apparently
retired to the secrecy of his closet
there to wrestle In prayer for the repose of the soul of such ungodly mortals as have neglected to lead a proper
christian life by contributing from
their hard-earned store for the christianizing, uplifting and enlightenment
of the heathen denizens of foreign
lands. As far as John D. is concerned, everyone ,s familiar with the fact
that he has done "his share by most
generous contributions from the fruit
of his sweat for this holy purpose.
Since John D.'s retirement Mr. John
D. Archbold has been the acting head
of what ls commonly termed the Standard Oil Trust. During some of the
court proceedings in which the Standard Is an Interested party, Mr. Archbold ls credited with the following
"Trusts, or, to speak more correctly, large corporations, are a necessary
evolution of the time. The outcry
against the trusts does not come from
the Industrial classes, but from the
sentimentalists, yellow journalists and
political demagogues—tbe latter most
of all. The talk of monopoly will soon
be done away with. The remedy for
the unrest on this question undoubtedly lies in the direction of national and
federal corporations. I believe that the
large corporations of the present day
more nearly represent co-operation
than any other system yet undertaken.
Possibly there may be accomplished in
the eventual evolution of tbe race universal co-operation or community of
living, but the accomplishment of such
a dream ls so far in the future as to
put It out of the question for serious
consideration in this era."
In spite of Mr. Archbold's opinions
to the contrary, tbe world's best thinkers are even now convinced of the necessity of seriously considering all that
is implied in "universal co-operation or
community of living," as that gentleman terms it. Tbat the rapid concentration of capital and mobilisation of
economic power is inevitably leading
up to it no sane student of tbe times
can well deny.
As Mr. Archbold suggests, the combinations referred to are not "trusts."
Tbey are merely the corporate forms
under which sufficiently large masses
of capital to properly and economically
operate tbe giant tools ot modern Industry are compelled to work ln order
to carry out the process of production.
The modern giant tools could be successfully and effectually operated in no
other manner than by bringing them
directly under one management covering as nearly as possible the entire field
of their operations. Under the present
system of property thla concentration
of economic power can be effected In
no other way than by the consolidation of capital into ever greater masses
aa the tools of industry become more
highly developed, complicated and
The hysterical squawking of "sentimentalists, yellow journalists and political demagogues" against these great
corporations ls but the effort of ignorance to stay the hand of progress. That
It will prove futile is certain. The
power that makes for progress Is always greater than that which would
check it or turn backward the hands
of time.
While men at the head of great capitalist enterprises, like Mr. Archbold
for Instance, realize and understand
the meaning underlying Uie phenomena
of capitalist property, how much more
readily should the workers realize and
understand tt. If capitalist development can Impress upon the minds of
its present beneficiaries the meaning
and the ultimate and logical goal to
which tt ls leading mankind, how much
more readily should it  impress upon
The arrest and possible conviction of
Moyer. Haywood and Pettibone have
greatly excited the Socialist orators
and press of the country. Debs gives
utterance to nn Insane p.onounclatlon
preaching revolution and bloodshed If
the men shall be found guilty and
The above clipping, which reached wa
through a correspondent who overlooked the formality of Informing us from
what columns It was clipped, Is an excellent specimen of the falsehood and
tommy-rot dished up for Its guileless
readers by the capitalist press. The
term capitalist press ls used advisedly, for the most careless scrutiny
could not fall to reveal the fact that
"It was a chunk right off the mother*
lode Itself."
In the first place the "Socialist orators and press of the country" are not
excited, either greatly or otherwise.
They are altogether too familiar with
the history and traditions of ruling
classes to allow even such sneaking
and dastardly procedure as that Indulged in by tbe Idaho and Colorado
officials and thugs to throw them off
their balance. High-handed brutality
towards their wage slaves, even to the
extent of their murder, by the capitalist rulers of the United States, haa
been altogether too common during
recent years to cause any pronounced
excitement even when capitalist officialism becomes afflicted with any particularly blood-thirsty spasm. Knowing the nature of the beast capital, it
is, to the "Socialist orators and press,"
a matter of wonder that these bloodthirsty spasms do not occur with
greater frequency.
As to Debs . preaching "revolution
and bloodshed" in any event whatever,
it ls false. To accomplish the emancipation of the wage slave from the
exploitation practised upon him under
the rule of capital, Implies a revolution,
a complete change in the system of
property In the means of wealth production. That the highest and best Interests of human society will be conserved by this revolution, and tbat
ihe self-preservation of the race makes
its accomplishment Imperative, is
known and understood not only by
Debs, but by his Socialist comrades the
woiiu over. That this revolution may
be accomplished by the peaceful and
orderly expression of tbe popular will,
and without friction, disturbance and
bloodshed, is the fervent wish of every
Socialist on earth. Every prostitute
penny-a-liner of the capitalists knows
this to be a fact while industriously
scribbling his lies ln order to give
value received for his penny. Just as
the thief joins in tbe chase lustily crying -stop thief," so does the class tbat
fattens and battens on the blood and
pillage of labor cry from the housetops the blood-thirstiness of their victims. The purpose is the same ln
either case, and that is to divert attention from the real culprit.
All that Debs or any of his comrades
has demanded ls that the arrested men
be accorded the treatment   that even
capitalist law, to say nothing of common decency, la supposed to "accord to
every citizen alike.   Tbe duly prescribed legal privileges   and   safe-guards,
the protection of counsel, an open and
impartial  trial   and    conviction only
upon evidence that is beyond all reasonable doubt.   Tbe brutal and highhanded manner of tbe arrest and kidnapping waa well calculated to call to
the lips of men who realised the dastardly import of such procedure, words
strongly denunciatory of those responsible for it.   Small wonder that language should be used under such circumstances that might be construed as a
threat to resort to drastic measures to
prevent the murder of Innocent men,
ln case lt became   evident   that such
murder was contemplated.   No matter
how strong the language used, lt affords no warrant for the concoction of
such glaring falsehood as appears in
the specimen on exhibition above. The
specimen, however, Is evidence of the
Saturday April
nature of the thing that wrote It,
One of the stock arguments against
Socialism Is that It would be an offensive paternalism under which the state
would regulate the conduct of its citizens even down to the minutest detail
of their dally life.   Horrible pictures
what D. M. Parry, ln a recent hysteria
dubs the "Scarlet Empire," when ull
are to have the color of their hair and
the style of Its cut, the texture, fash-
Ions and hue of their garments; the
quantity, quality and nature of their
food; love, marriage and ibs rearing of
children, ss well as all other amenities,
customs, practices, conventionalities,
calls of nature, etc., determined by the
state. To those who fully realize the
glorious freedom that exists under the
present capitalist state, these pictures
of coming horror will no doubt be an
Inspiration to do dough.y deeds to
preserve the present anti-paternalistic
nature of the state and prolong Its
glorious mission of impartially defending capitalist property by holdl.g «.' 8
propertyless, uncultured and ofiet -
times greedy and envious w. ...ig
class in ignorance and submission.
No keen perceptive faculties are re
quired  to discover the entire absence
of paternalism ln the present sta      In
defending and safe-guarding capitalist
property by holding the working mules
In submission to its skinning process,
the state Is merely maintaining an Impartial and antl-paternallstlc   attitude
towards ts citizens in   general that ls
commendable   In   the extreme as any
fair-minded person can readily Bee.   In
fact It Is so pronounced us to be quite
touching.   The Ottawa government has
excluded the "Appeal to Reason" from
the Canadian malls.    4s far as Uie Information at hand at the wr»»nt time
goes lt does not appear thai   :<>   "Appeal" neglected the formality ol pa,'-g I
due postage or ln any manner violate
the moral law as established at on ws
The only conclusion   to be reach*-,   at
present Is that In the wisdom of the,
Ottawa officials    the contents of  the
paper are injurious to the   '  1'bi.n «.
of the tender fledglings over who*e destinies the Ottawa statesmen by some   cover,
mysterious power have been   illed ui ■
on to preside. In spite of t'..s ta'.b-iiy
solicitude for the welfare .     ios< plac-
ed under their protection, one        vigilance displayed by the Ottaw_ politicians In safeguarding their charges fron
evil Influences from without the Dominion's   sacred   confines, such   action
should not be mistaken  for paternal-
Ism.   Far from it.  It Is but an Inst   ice
of this Impartial * *»r*clse of authority
for the purpose   <f maintaining intac:
the law and ordei   morals, ethics, ao-
normallties,    paradoxes*, sno lalles, Inequalities, humbugs an.    u ex fcuiies of
present civilisation, and n 1    or the   om-
mon good of course.
True It Is that several tho »aid Canadians have secured proper :v rights in
the "Appeal" to the exten of their
subscriptions, and although . < ttawa
guardians of "law and order have
seen lit to deny tbem the enjoj mem
of such property rights in much the
same manner as a cautious father
might deprive his offspring of
slon of a dangerous weapon or a stick,
of poisonous candy, it must not be
construed as either "confiscation" of
property nor the exercise of "paternalism." These ere Iniquities that must
be religiously reserved as terrors with
which to frighten weaklings against
the tolly of accepting the artful arguments of the Socialist a* gospel truth,
and being led into the wilderness beyond the green fields and Jul y pastures of the present glorious regime
of captstlist exploitation, degradation,
poverty, misery, vice and crime.
Laying aside all sham, humbug und
hypocrisy, the present state Is essentially the concrete embodiment of all
the evils the Intensely ignorant and
equally zealous defenders of capitalist
property and Its baneful rule would
attribute to the oncoming order of human society known as Socialism. The
state Is, and can only be, a class Instrument. It can only embrace within
its protecting and paternal folds the
Interests of the class In human society
whose Instrument it is. To all outside
of that class It becomes an instrument
of oppression, a veritable scourge, by
which they are held in submission
and rendered subservient to those Interests that are paternally sheltered by
the sute. As the "paternal" Institution of capitalist property, tbe state
pokes into the private affairs of the
working people whenever the Interests
of capitalist property demands, and
lays down and enforces Its dictum as
Irregardless of their Interests as though
these workers were but pieces of wood
or stone.
Probably the contents of the "Appeal" are distasteful to.the property
interests whose tool the Ottawa government Is, hence the nose-poking
"paternalism" displayed In stopping
the paper. As tbe subscribers did
not subscribe for the purpose of providing pleasing nourishment for the
Jaded and abnormal mental palates of
these official worthies, the stoppage of
the paper should be resented by every
one of them. Let every subscriber
write the Postmaster-General at Ottawa calling his attention to non-receipt of the paper, and request that
the department resume delivery of
same. Let such a flood of communications reach Ottawa that the officials
will understand that pending the day
when you will be able to abolish governmental    "paternalism"    altogether,
lie. enrelM I   regard to your
affairs.    If  t tion  of  the
offlr.'...    Is nil0 -"• '" t° un*
this  m-ttei   II   Will  be
undoubtedly    nilc.w. 1   Up bv  still fut*
iher    r-cfrnkiout     ii .ei meddling    '-"■'l
nose- >oking
The Unite ih» Labor Department
report- that iron 1881 to 1900 then-
were ZX.e'M -,'iike: In the United States,
Involving 11750» establishments, and
over six million einpl-yees. The loss
In consequ. n< suffered by the employees amounted 'o »2f>",o''u,jOO, while the
employers 1 1 't $122.(Kii),0u0. The loss of
the Iat'>r « prob.ibly a myth, as It Is
not on the curds that the proprietors
of a sure-thing tliimble-rlirglng game
could  lose In any event.
""Whereas, tlie manner of the arrest
of .1 "se men and the secrecy of their
extradition from Colorado being such
as to e i'it doubt upon the real Intentions • t the authorities of Idaho."
Th ttbov.-. t ilected from a number
o." mil nnd water whereases passed
by 1 gstheiirinr .f .'..llfornla trade un-
ionl: ts recently '* a gem. It looks from
this distance as though the manner of
t!.. lUT.-Bt of these men (Moyer, Hsy-
... S.' and I .ttlbonei. and the sm-reey
»f t"*eir extradition," removed all
Si uli M to the "real Intentions of the
suthorHI*" of Idaho."
Spanish difficulties don't wait on the
I King's good  pleasure, snd  at  present
jthe unemployed trouble gets worse and
worsj.    At  Krngu  1,200 men on strike
I vent to the town hnll to demand work.
j .nd tbe end of It was that the guard
' 1 ' duty fired on them.   Five men were
k.    -il and 27 wounded, and one of the
incjnded  men  Is expected   not  to  re-
The workmen then attacked the
police   with   their  knives,   but  as   the
peasants   r .fused   to  help   them,   they
did noi  succeed In making much  impression.—The Worker.
Archiishop Keane. of Dubuque. In
a recent sermon, said that the man
who (light! his work and gives his employer less than he agrees to give ls a
thief, aru". any labor union that upholds
him In this slighting of work Is a
school ot thievery." Thieves have cut
no Inconsiderable figure In the world's
hi-uory. Christ was crucified between
twt) of them. The good Archbishop Is
however, borrowing needless trouble.
The 20th century employer of labor Is
ss eminently qualified to uee that no
thieves get the better of him as "his
reverence'- Is to break the bread of
life to those who hunger after righteousness.
Wjmim or the World Unite"
As th.> American Federation of Labor ' r ow manifesting a disposition to
-..„. ln labor politics, it were well
to rem! 1 Its members that so long ar
the present system of property ln the
means of wealth production is allowed to remain Intact, the worker will
be compeli< <1 to offer his labor In the
market, subject to the same Inexorable law of exchange that holds IU
price at it present uncomfortable
level. 0nl«sa the political power of
labor be directed towards the abolition 01 capitalist property and Its
wage market it may as well not be
\.wd at all.
Tr uad _«»rgor Social-Democrats of
Mi"ukee e-ieued twelve aldermen,
fl*> 1 i .-ml M-s of the county board, two
Jut vif the peace and two constables
at the rev-" t city elections. This was
an Increat, >r three aldermen, one
member o' th» county board, and two
const Vi s ove ihe previous city eleo-
tlo The vote for mayor was 11,887,
cit torney UIU, city tressurer 1*,-
64*. nd for comptroller 1«,775. The
fight.ni; S. L. P., purified and strengthened through -is valiant holding of the
firing lie of tba revolution for lo,
th -e n.uiy years, and guided by an
eco.1011 n'knowledge guaranteed to be
blowr Ui the bottle for keeps, terrified
the Milwaukee ruling class by pulling
fron !i5 to 10.: votes. The 96 were
etrlcilv class-conscious, revolutionary,
and cc .isequently bug-proof. The other
10 are supposed to be tainted somewhat with S. D. freaklshness.
Wo, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor It should justly belong. To
the owners of the means ol wealth
production belongs the product ol
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class,
lhe capitalist is master; the worker
is slave.
Ho long as the capitalists remain
ia possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights In the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling* stream of
profits, and lo the worker an ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
The Interest of the working elasa
lies In the direction of netting itsell
free from capitalist exploitation by
the _h|Olitlon o( lhe wngv system. To
accomplish this neceswitatea the
transformation ol capitalist property in the mear« of wealth production into collective or working-lass
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist aad the
worker Is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession of thn power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we cell upon all workers to organ!re under the banner ol
the Socialist Party of Canada wilh
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as .follows
1. The transformation as rapidly
as possible, of- capitallat property iu
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc..) into the collective property of the working class.
3. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
8. The establishment, aa speedily
aa possible, of production tor use
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when la office
shnll always and everywhere until
ths present system ia abolished,
make the answer to this question ita
g..' 1 mr rule of conduct. Will this
levi.-is.Uon advance the Interests of
the working class and aid the workers In their class struggle against
capitalism? If It will, the Socialist
Party Is for It; If It will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely o\>pea-
ed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges Itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in its bands in such a manner an to
prono-c the interests of tha working cl_us alone.
Phoenix      Miners'    Union
W. P. M.    Meet,
evening at 7.30 o'clock
na'l.    V. Ingram
Plckard, srrt-t.
No. «
evfy SsturdiJ
m Miatj
president   w
Edward Bird.    a. C Brvdos .
Oeo. E. McCrosa„n    n"Jwk
Tel. 839. p.o, nox> 03a
»24 Hastings St. . . Vanem»v»
Socialist fata}
Every local ot the Boti.i,.,
•'arty of Canada ahould run a__5
under thi. he«i. |1.00 p» Jft
Secretaries please note.
Executive      Committee.     Socl_w
r*»rty of Canada meets even
nutv Tuesday.
W.  H.  KLOWEKH,  Secy
IL t, 222 Prior Ht., Vancouver   a c
TEE,   Socialist    Party  of t,
mwila every alternate Tussds*
J. 0, MOKOAN. Ke.
S61   ll'irminl   Ht..   Vance
1 V
it. c.
of Canada. Business meeting* ,,!
ery Mocday evening at handouts
ters, Inglcstile Block, SIS c^y,
Street, (room 1, second floor ) Educational meetings every Sunday it
8 o'clock p.m., la Sullivan
Cordova Street.
Bos 8.1«,  Van< ouver  II
Nee rtterj.
LOCAL TOUOSTO-Mwts 2ad ...
4th Tueadu-.*. Socialist Heatfcw*
ters. 18.H Queen St.. West F
Date. ««., 41 deary si
branch eu-rv Sundav nlk-h-
.   it
WINNIPEO-Meets nrst ,„
Sunday    |n  Macroi,-,. __]
corner   King  and   Pacific   A-.
«„i      pm-       Secretary J.
22(1 Princess St.. Winnipeg
. l->saMbihe<l  I hoi
TIM* Olik-i lmln,r
Paper In Canada.
Always  u  tmerlmm  exponent
lhe eanse ot labor.
Por one dollar the pape r v III
he sent to any BddrS-i for 1 nt
Workingmen of all countries
will   soon     re-cos-nlsr     the  fad
• hm  (hey     must    support snd
reatl their labor |ia|K*r».
tttUMD   i:\KitY   FKliiAV
Tin* Vrrfcs. PubUidilng Co., Lid..
Ulnnlprg,    Man.
have been drawn of   existence under (you are disposed to curtail' as far as
A capitalist daily reports:   Tbe revolutionists of Russia are treating- as a
hero and martyr the memory of Lieut.
Schmidt, leader of the naval reserves
at Sevastopol In November, who was
shot near   Otchakoff   fortress,   south
Russia, recently.   Following his execution another mutiny was reported at
Sevastopol amo ig the sailors, who are
said to have  ..Illed  their officers and
fired on 'he city. There was also a report of mutiny among the soldiers at
Moscow.   When Schmidt wns led out
with his three sailor companlona to be
shot, he said to the sixty sailors on the
firing squad:  "I die for the Russian
people and the fatherland, and many
of you doubtless wtll hereafter die for
the same cause.   He refused to accept
tho sacrament, and met death   with
head up and eyes open, not falling until the fourth volley.  Throughout Russia thousands of workmen wore crepe,
and funeral services were held In the
chapels of many factories.
hereby apply for membership
in Local
 Socialist   Party  of
I recognise the claaa struggle
between Ihe capitalist cbum and
the working clans to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e„ possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
ths workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership.
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
pro-tram of the Socialist Party
of Canii'<a only.
Admitted to Looal 1»0..
Published Weakly by ths
wttnn Ttouttnt M MImi-i
A Vigorous Advocate of Lahore
Clear-Cut aad Aggressive.
Per Year ll.OO.      81b Months. 90s.
Denver. Colorado.
WANTED: hy Chicago wbol«ial«
Mouse, special repraaantaU-v* for
*ach province In Canada. Salary
$30,00 aad exponent paid weekly.
Expense money advanced, liusi-
neee successful; position perman-it.
No Investment required- Pre"loui
experience not oaseatlal to engaging. Addreaa
Oeneral Manager, 182 Lake St.
 Chicago, 111., U3.A.
fi yearly sub. cards for $8.76.
Bundloa of 25 or more copies to
one address, for a period of threw
months or mora nt tha rata of oas
cant per copy.
Patronise onr advertisers.
60 viAur
•"(■ONrsand ethers who realise the adV_»bil"
ily of having ihelr Patent business trauTctad
WW^totlmlnsrye&icetn,. Charge!
modtiau.. Oar tavsater-s Adviser sent a"
request. IUrlMr(ffi«ri<Sw\^!fftB_S
Montreal; uud Waililiitflon, D.C, V.iji.    ^*
I a *• steh and desertst'•>-■ •"•»
AarootMtidtAf ••..tohsndclsscrirti'
SMokl* sscisruia oar oalnloa free whsthsr sn
btbfs I'SlsnUbia   l-iioinieii'i' >
Sdwui J. MllOWOs <"* ''•"""•
rnsstitlc.n jfg-oSaitlr
11-, .
•atrial notlet,~witti<Mt oUrm-i' t&V
Irons itrlotls sons,
Patents taken tErmics It
JOMiiMsA-tr. New York
a, ht r it, Wisblasieu. U. C Saturday
April 21,1906,
I-EltNlE, B. C.
Comrmie Cloak, of Belllngham, Wa.
was announced us the sneak.-, for Sun"
dny evening, April aw.
Clarion,   Vancouver,      ^t
Editor   Western
B. C.
Dear Comrade—I have been Instructed  by  Futnle Local,   No.  17,  B.  P.  of
c    to notify  you and    the   comrades
generally, throuitb the columns of the
i itirlon. that at our IhhI regular inet-t-
Ing oi the above, Local tt wus decided
to expel P. H. Sherman troni lhe party
fur breaking his obligation to the 8. p.
of C. In accepting a nomination an a
labor candidate    for    tne    Lethbrldge
riding of Alberta.   While it Ih a painful thing to do. still it stems to be the
only course laft open for us.    It is our
determination at all costs to keep the
j^ieal here am   ttm    as poaslu'e. from
"freak- *nd fakirs," and In line with
(lie   revolutionary psrty to which we-
belong.   We do not know of any labor
party   that stands    for    the complete I t|,
emancipation of    the  wage-slave but|m
the  International    Revolutionary Socialist  Party.   For   thc information of
comrades  1   might    say    that    F.   H.
Sherman ran as a labor candidate in
tho Frank riding of Alberta last  full,
ami was defeated, and some time after
joined this Local, and has since given
|i out, both here and at Naimlmo, that
lie would never run again on any other
ticket   but  the ticket  and programme
of the S. P. of C.   A month after mak-
Ing   this    statement     he  was offered.
a recent meeting „f the Illinois
- oal operators, held In the Auditorium
It was found that there had been a defection in their ranks John M Herbert proved u, be a ,laltor ,(j ^
The  Chicago   unci     Cai-bondale
COnfpany, of   Desoto   ot which
president, had yielded to tl,
demands.   Mr. Herbert's
promptly   and
from  the
u  new
and accepted, a nomination aa a Ubor
candidate for Lethbrldge, and haa
again been defeated. This shows to us
as plain aa possible that It In his own
political aggrandisement    that he has
in view, and not the emancipation of
lhe workers, and It Is for these reasons
that we have expelled' him. There Is
sn excuse for Ignorance, but none for
! i i-ac-hery.
Yuurs for a class-conscious Revolutionary Socialist Party,
Secretary   pro  tem.
he  Is
mpany was
unanimously   expelled
pcrators* association.   Has
hero    arisen?    Has    this  man
proved great enough to rla(. abovp t)le
lHor<-1'* «r  nf his class and proclaim
himself an apostle   of Justice?   Not
'lulte.    Mr.   Herbert   explained   to   the
operators the reason for hi*, act    "i
am n candidate   for   Congress." said
Mr. Herbert,  "and my mine Is a secondary consideration with me at thla
" We may now imagine Mr. Herb-
addressing   a    gathering of the
miners of Desoto.    "Fallow dtlaena,*'
he nays, "you owe to my personal ambition the granting of your preposterous demands. You are swine, of course,
and *4«o a year is enough, and more
than enough, for you and your families to live <m     UndST ordinary circumstances you would find me in tba ranks
Of  those   iirrayeii    against  you.    You
would  find  me declaring  that   I  oOQld
not   yield   to   your  arrogant   demands
and continue to do business.    Hut ow-
, Ing to  the    nslnlne    stupidity of    the
' founders of this  republic  In  giving to
| such cattle as you the right  to vote,  r
am* compelled to appeal  to you in order to gratify niv present   teslres, and
to admit   that    the   Incr.-ase  In   your
j wages Is an Item which will make little
I impression on  the profits of my com-
i pany.    |   shall    r.ot  be   .-omp. lied    to
| change my mode of living on account
I Of it and consider it a trifling sum to
i pay for the votes of a lot of senseless
| Idiots who nre going to delegate ma to
legislate for them    When I get to Con-
lice. Of course lt took but a few minutes for a "riot" to develop after the
arrival of this worthy, and with the
usual result, the killing of some working men. There is enough to warrant
the suspicion tbat ne appeared upon
the scene for the purpose. These affairs are almost Invariably brought
about In this manner. Workingmen are
the only men of pence ln the world, and
unless goaded to desperation by the
schemes of villains or led into traps by
knaves, no one need fear violence at
their  hands.
"If Pennsylvania's working children
were to stand shoulder to shoulder,
with no space between them, the line
tbem weie to pass your door each minute, day and night, It would take three
iiiontlis for the entire number to go
by."—From the report of the secretary
oi the Pennsylvania Child-Labor Committee.
"In such a republic; as ours the one
thing we cannot afford to neglect ia the
problem of turning out DECENT citizens. The future of the nation depends
upon the citizenship of the generations
to come; the children of today are
those who tomorrow will shape the destiny of our land, and we cannot afford
to neglect them."—Teddy Roosevelt.
This chunk of Rooseveltlan wisdom
dovetails, into the above extract from
the report of the child-labor committee very nicely. "Teddy" Is a capitalist president and Pennsylvania capitalism ut least, Is not neglecting the
work may be carrin. out that will
bear fruit in future election campaigns.
All money received for this fund,
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at ita meeting on Feb. 27, appropriated from
the General Fund the sum of $25,
to be applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
The following sums have been received to date:
Dom.   Exec.  Com 125.00
Toronto Local      5.00
Comrade O.   Rayner      1.00
Comrade It.  McLachlan      1.00
Comrade J. A. Teit      1.00
Comrade L. T. English     1.00
Total $34.00
stay at home.
j .,        • i dinner palls are
The  regular propaganda  meeting of j B(r     j,£**•-
1 .rule Ixx-al. No. 17. Socialist Party of; gress I will see that you are protected
Canada. | from   the pauper  labor of  Europe by
 — ! making your condition so much worse
JLAST SUNDAY'S MEETING Ilha" ",,'i•"*, ■■■■-• ••"''■' wl" *-<* k1*-** *<*
1 '"    '-'   '■■■••■-       I   will  see    that  your
full.  If only with hot
legislate for my class and
'Local Vancouver, held In the bulllvan j K,.e Ihat V(nirg ,„ kr.pt whf>r<l ,t beUm_„_
11.ill. on Sunday evening last, was an   Now get out of h-re and go to the polls
l™clally    Interesting    one.    Comrade; and vote for John M. Herbert for Con-
exander Stephens, of Sqaumlsh. was,' gress, or  1   Will   take a  leaf from  the
spealuir of the evening, taking for' book    of    my  friend    Mr.  Lelter. and
subject, "Scx-lallam and Kelucatlon." ! m.ike Zeigler a paradise compared  to
«)iowed at  some    length  how   the: Desoto.*'
isted   modern   school   system,   from j     This may not b.. Mr. Herbert's exact
"No subject is causing greater concern to European publicists and statesmen at the present moment than the
amazing spread in all countries of the
so-called Socialist movement." says the
London correspondent of the New York
Sun. As the Socialist movement makes
for Internationa] peace, comfort and
well Is-lng. the reason such great "concern" upon the part of "publicists and
statesmen" Is not clear unless it be
that the function of these worthies lies
In the direction of continuing the present era of warfare, misery and degradation. At any rate "publicists and
Statesmen" has a pleasing and awe-inspiring sound no matter what their
proclivllties  may be.
Forward all contributions to
J. O. MORGAN, Sec.
551  Barnard St.
Vancouver,  B.C.
Some treasonable utterances contained in a leaflet recently issued by the
national shop assistants' union of England. re-a<l as follows:
"Don't bother about the Empire on
kindergarten to the university, is: language, but it will approximate his I which the sun never rests. Bother about
I (or the purpose of inculcating the Ideas., and the voters of Jackson ■ the wage that never rises.
u of the ruling class, and carefully! County will probably Justify his opln-! "Don't think eternally of how to 'get
i 1 ng from the youthful mind such. Ion of them on election day.—W. S. F., | '«n.'   Think occasionally of how to 'get
I leas and conceptions aa might tend ;
'hreaten Its supremacy and right to
In short, lhat inooern education
i merely n reflex of the present
system of property, used for the pur-
)■ >*>e of Indoctrinating tha young with
lhe brand of morals, elhtcj and so-call-
■»l culture ptft-utta* <o It.   The speakgrj
jpoinled   out   thut   the?   education   which
ptouUt t'-li|d to Uplift the race by ia>lng
nare the Iniquities of the present order,
l   society,  and    prompting 'he rising
enerntlon to throw its Influence In the
llrection of realising a higher civilian-j
Ion, could not lee attained until the
rkers had oonqurad the public pow-
and thus placed themselves In a ;
ios|t|on to shape the educational pro-
ramme In conformity with their own
material and ethical conception*. He
rongly advised thc workers to use j
■ ry  effort to educate their rhlMren '
home  along   tha  lines etf   wnrking-
tet Interests, In order   to, as tar as
-lihie,   counteract   the   deleterious
nfluenca of   ruling class education as
imulgate4 In the schools of to-day.
'I •• house was well  filled, the nud-
•   manifesting    Ita appreciation of
"I»-aker's efforts  by  most c-ureful
"Hon   throughout.       Several   songs
;•  rendered    by   the   "<lle*c    Club."
I  little  Miss  Parr  presided at  the
piano.   Taken all around the meeting
is an interesting and enjoyable one.
In Chicago Socialist.
"Don't strive for Tariff  Cnion with
the Colonies. Strive for National Union
The  ant, despite  Its  biblical   reputa- ,
tion for   industry, has characteristics |wttn >'oUr •Wkw-rtoprnW-"
which are not altogether admirable,
and Which prevent It from posing as
a general good example for sluggards
to follow. For Instance. It Is well known
•hat certain species of unts are most
determnled ami ferocious slave hunt-
it has been asserted that the Canadian Senate, being a sort of home for
political Incurables, was necessarily
lacking in virility. It seems, however,
that there is at least a sprinkling of
good materia] there yet
rs and slave keepers, an.l thai they i**"'"1 '""'*-'"••' *"•'"• rtm. Quite recent-
make destructive attacks on neighbor- j '**' '" ,h'* Mal'' dSCOTOUa chamber one
ing an.l lens powerful colonies, for the . of "'* ■lu«xm -wnators called another
sole purpose of carrying off the Infant I "a t-»U--***»-- <*•<- V-P*-**-
, members Of these-  Into bondage.    It Is
! true thai the slaves nre afterward both
' well trc.it'-el and protected, though It Is
doubtful whether this Is done because
| of their value ns   chattels, or because
I the   masters   recognise   the  ethical   In-
I li'Uity Of the situation and thus try to
i ameliorate  It.    Resides  this,  ants  are
. not  merely  warlike, they are positively "spoiling for a tight." and often sup-
1 port   ln their    communitlss armies of
j Idle and otherwise useless fighters, not
j only for defence,  but  for the purpose
of  depredatory   incursions  upon   their
ne-ighbors as we!! —Scientific American.
most strik-
olonial Bakery
28 Johnson St.,  Vlcterla. B.C.
There appears to exist a
Ing similarity In the customs and conduct of the ant tribe to those of human kuid. When "Infant members"
of the human family, however, are enslaved In the mills of capitalism the
owners are not afflirted with nny
noticeable recognition of the ethical
Iniquity of the situation, hence to well
treat and protect young slaves becomes
superfluous. In this respect the ant
has the best of It from the standpoint
of ethics, though not from that of profit.
and the latter
promptly and vigorously replied with
a challenge to come out ln the back
Little Prince Edward of Wales, who
is eleven years old, has been studying
English history, and he was being examined recently on the period of Henry
the Seventh. "Who was Perkln War-
beck"" he was asked. "Perkln Wnr-
bevk." replied the prince, "was a pretender. He pretended to be the son of
■ king, but he wasn't. He was the son
of respectable parents."—Ex.
"Prosperity" ls the cause of the
present great coal strike, according to
the New Tork Herald. Some people
cannot stand prosperity without losing
their heads. Presumably the coal miners are of that class.
| ixtivtrad to any part ef tbe city.
Driver  te  call.     'Phene »49.
]>o you know we sell from 10 to 35
j cents cheaper than our competitors.
roa __ c-_ot.-
71 •waiMMol Stmt, Vktorli. I. C.
Mtatrtictgny tt
Rl • Cwtn St.
I *••♦♦♦«■
Victoria Representative for tho
Hearst publications, as follows: Suit
I'iuui-Isc-o Examiner, I-m Angelt-s Rx-
I mnliier, Ohlciign Vine-rle-nn, Nov Vork
American, Itostoii American; Home
und l nrm Weekly, tlilcngo; Comiio
I'olltmi Mngnxlni*, New York.
Also    agent    for    the    following:
Seattle Times,    Portland    Oregonian,
Hun Francisco Chronicle, Los Angeles
Prompt and  regular  dully
service to subscribers.
Advertisements of ovcry description
taken for any newspaper.
P.O. Box 444,  Victoria, B. C.
The deserted Island Is the land of
Erin. DurltiK the last summer whole
villages in Csvan. Gslway and Donegal have been depopulated and vast
country sleles In Mayo and Roscommon
have been stripped of the remnants of
their old time hints of farm laborers.
Everywhere are wholesale departures
for the United States. Even In the remotest rural hamlets the old people can
lie heard lamenting some recent exenlus
Of thair most promising young boys
and girls. Almost every man or. woman the traveller meets has a number
of near relatives who have recently
left for the United StateB. Emigrating agencies exist In every part of the
Island. Every village haa a steamship
agent to whose advantage It Is to use
every Inducement to Influence the
young men and women to emigrate.
Tho flaming posters which they flaunt
In the faces of the young iieople who
are already restive and overanxious
to go, offering the cheapest transportation, and, to their minds, fabulous
earnings on the farther side of the
Atlantic, prove Irresistibly alluring to
the average Irish villager.—Ex.
From every land where capitalism
holds sway comes the same old tale
of exploitation, swindle and deceit.
After reading the above the most skeptical should become convinced that
Socialism would disrupt the family and destroy the home.
A "riot" occurred at Wlndber, Penn.,
on lost Monday. Four persons were
killed. Three of them were miners, the
fourth a ten-year-old boy, who.waa
merely a spectator ot the proceedings.
The press despatches clumsily disclose
tha fact thai this "riot" was started
In the usual manner. An orderly niuss
meeting was hslng held by the itrllt ng
miners' when then- arrived upon the
scene a deputy-sheriff ww> «rts particularly offensive to the men because
of the brutal treatment they had received nt his hands during some ye-ars
In which he had served ns chief of po-
The coal output of the United States
for 1905 Is given as approximately 385,-
ooo.OOO tons. The average number of
employees In the Industry was 592,000.
Many complaints are reaching thia
office from subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some Instances thqre
are Beveral complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually ln type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
arc made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies the suspicion thnt postal employees are often
guilty Of reprehensible laxity ln the
performance of their duties, even If
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify thla office. Missing
copies will be supplied nt once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition In the future.
The following amounts received up to
Previously acknowledged, $11 50. S.
Dawson, fl; 8. Drummond, 50c; Wm.
Vanstone, 50c; Charles Jones, tl; Geo.
I'resswell, $1; J. T. Ribem, »3: W. J.
Clexerby. tl; M. Fagnn, SI; B. Bell. $1;
Geo. Bibern, fl; R. Short, 50c; W. McDonald, 50c; J. Campbell. 50c; R.
White, 50c; H. Cresswell, 5uc; T. Bos-
ence, 50c: J. Hardy, »2; W. Dywer.
50c: J. Allen, 50c; Charles Rusk, 50c;
Alex. Cameron, fl; John Woodriff. fl;
John Ramsay, fl; Ed. Lee, tl; Geoff.
Lom_8, 50c; G. McLean, 50c; William
Brown. 50e; T. Williamson. 50c; F.
Tatton. 50e; D. Murchison.fi; E. Merrier, fl; J. W. Hamilton, Mc; J. Hemsworth, fl; J. Blackwood, Me; T. Higgs.
fl; M. McMlliln, 50c; E. Bourgeois, tl;
J. Douglas, 50c; L. Truesdale, 50c
Total f43.50.
This issue ls No. 368. If this is
tie number upon your address slip,
your subs rlption expiree with thla
number. If further copiea are desired, renewal should be made at once
If care is taken to renew before ths
expiration of the old subscriptions it
will greatly simplify matters in th a
office as well as avoid any break la
receipt of papers.
Single copiea, 5 cents; 6
copies, 25 cents; 15 copies, 50
cents; 40 copies, fl.00; 100
copies and over, 2 cents per
These rates include postage
to any part of Canada of the
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion"
among the wage-earners of British Columbia, "The Clarion" is
a winner. It has over
2200 paid-up readers.
Mail-order houses will
find it a business-
Thc Dominion Executive Committee
has decided to call (or funds to bo
used lor thu purpose of pushing forward the work of organizing such
parts of the Dominion of Canada as
have not yet been rwchod. Thero is
a vast field to be covered which will
of nevesslty entail considerable expense. The necessary funds can, how-
over, bo obtained il I/Knls, individual comrades and friends will take
the matter up by Kiithorlng and forwarding such contributions as may
bo forthcoming. As soon as the requisite funds may bo gathered it is
tho intention of tho committee to
arrange trips, tor one or moro organ-*
I'/crs, covering as largo n ran-tion of
torritory as possible. With energetic
action in tho matter of raising funds
and ••mliefioufi application of tho nuimi
by  tho    committee     a much needed
by buying thin
reliable, honest*
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
S Some who started early are now selling ten
© copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
^ a copy.   Send to   us  for circulars and  wholesale
9 prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
m*m ™
f BOX 2064                                           NEW YORK.
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We have two cases (lOO pounds) of Brevier Type, 8-point, almost new. cost 52
<fls a pound a year ago; -will sell at
25cts a lb.    Following is a sample of the Type:
Hartford, Conn., Jan. io.—A certificate
of incorporation ol the Caxaca & Pacific
Railway Company of Hartford, has been
filed with the secretary of state. The
authorized capital stock of the company
is £40,000 000. These figures exceed
those of any other company which has
filed such a certificate with the secretary
Western Clarion,
Box 830.
***" ov_H^s
I  I
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a PVR HAT see to It
that the Genuine Union ljitie-1 Is sewed In It. If
a retailer haa loose labels In Ills poHOMion ami
offers to put one In a hat for you. do not patronize
him. Loose labels In retail stores, are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label Ih perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edge*.,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. mom -tit. President, Orange, N, i.
MARTIN* liAWLOlt, Sccrei-iry. II Wuverly Place,
1        New York. *OUB
SaiRr-ay >■ ... April 21, lOOft,
WW—ill    tilt |— _ ■ ...    . . -___i_ k_ maAnmmmmA 9
Edited by R. P- PETnPIBCE. to whom all co,
irreapondenee for this de pint ment should be addressed.
_____________________________________________ _*
Simple Faith In  "Rights Guaranteed
American People"' Receives Rude
The printers, as a class, are anything but revolutionary. They enjoy
a peculiar economic advantage over
the position of the average trade-unionist; hence receive alt that form of
organisation can obtain. Then, quite
often, the printer is found ln the old
party camp—for what there Is in lt.
But once in awhile a Hash occurs here
and there which indicates a change.
That students of capital belong to
Philadelphia Typo. Union Is evidenced
by the following resolution* In denunciation of the conspiracy against the
officials of the Western Federation of
Miners at its regular meeting in
Whereas, There Is every evidence of
conspiracy to railroad the officials of
the Western Federation of Miners to
the gallows on forged and perjured
testimony, with the evident object of
breaking the resistance of organised
labor to capitalist tyranny; and.
Whereas, This conspiracy can oe
prevented only by a general exposure
of the nefarious plot and by the spectacle of an aroused working class lw
protest; therefore, be It *
Resolved, by Typographical Union
No. 2, That it place itself on record as
protesting against this latest and gravest stroke of capitalistic anarchy, the
violation of the cardinal rights guaranteed the American people by.the
constitution of the United States, indicting as traitors the officials of Colorado and Idaho who have been parties to the underhand work.
The Typographical Journal hopes to
see the accused men (Haywood, Moyer
and Pettibone), receive that fair treatment which is guaranteed by the ton- I
stltutlon and laws of this country. They!
must not be railroaded  to  prison  be- '
cause  they  have   dared  to  stand  for
the rights of workingmen and against
the mine owners.
The Journal editor should    bear in
mind the naked fact that the working-
men of this or any other country, over
which the capitalist flag flutters, have
no rights which   the rtiitng class are
bound    to    respect.    The    reason  the
"captains  of  industry"   are  the   present-day ruling class is tjiat they have
been In politics—and arranged the state
to ■ serve  and  defend    their   interests.
How can law-makers break the law?
They  didn't  make  tt  for  themselves,
but for the guineas to be held in subjection.   If the law gets ln their (the
ruling class) way tbey simply suspend
It or move It out  to fit the requirements.   By clothing the law in ermine,
decorating judges,   etc.,  with  awe-inspiring wigs and other silky togs, and
then giving it  an orthodox  touch-up,
the foolish wage-slaves have been reared to fear and respect the LAW.   But
not so ln these pre-revolutlonary days.
Injunctions,      decisions,    kidnappings,
militia assassins, and other brutal subjections have unmasked the real power
behind the law in all    Its nakedness.
The workingmen of all countries are
beginning to realise that all the countless armies, police, gaols,  penitentiaries, bull-pens and all that goes with
these, are but the instruments used to
beat dependent slaves into humble servitude.   The dispossessed workers are
protesting now, as never before, against
that which they have voted to perpetuate.   And soon these same workers the
world over will write their own laws-
laws which will   conform with    their
own material needs and requirements.
If labor "leaders" and writers stand
between  the   wage-slaves  and   Industrial freedom—so much the  worse for
the aforementioned.
For come it will.
The attorneys defending Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone    have  secured a
writ of error from  the Chief Justice
of tbe Supreme Court of Idaho, and
will now go before the United States
Supreme Court    at Washington.   The
attorneys hold that neither of the arrested men was a fugitive from Justice, according to the constitution of
the United States, and therefore could
not he legally  extradited.    They  feel
confident that the Supreme Court will
sustain them in their opinion.   Should
this be the CUB the Idaho authorities
will be forced to release the imprisoned men and allow them   to return to
their homes.   One particularly strange
thing ls that when the application for
a writ of error was being argued before the Idaho chief Justice by the attorneys of the Western Federation of
Miners, none of the state's attorneys
were present  ln    the court.    We are
wondering what this  means.    Can it
be tbat  the prosecution    has at last
discovered that lt has picked up a hot
brick, and one which It is only awaiting a half-way reasonable excuse for
And now we read ln the eminently
staid and fairly respectable journal,
Collier's Weekly, that the miners of
Courrieres, France, after the late
fearful calamity, "went on strike and
paraded the streets with the black flag
of anarchy as their emblem." The
truthful Los Angeles Times, and other
sheets equally truthful, say the "red
flag' Is the "flag of anarchy," In view
of these contradictions the wonder
arises Whether these Journalistic worthier! really know anything about either
anarchy or flags, or are merely ordinary, everyday, cheap liars, at so much
per. The latter ls the more probable
conclusion to arrive at.
Maxim Gorky must be the real article; refusing to be bought, brow-beaten or bluffed; judging from the slanderous vllllflcatlon of the capitalist press
•Ince his arrival In America.
Loaded with the spoils wrung from
the labor of the productive elass, capitalists  nre  everywhere  clamoring  for
privileges and franchises at the doors
and on the floors of councils and legislatures.    Exports,  customs and  every
index of so-called prosperity Dolnt to
a vast  increase of  aggregate wealth.
Hardly a day passes even ln this remote corner of the earth but some new
scheme  for exploiting the community
Is launched, many of course pure fakes
like the promoters, but for everything
that   promises   a   "sound   investment"
and return to capital money ln abundance Is waiting ln eager hands.   The
values   created   by   the  labor  of   the
working class is coined Into new capital
and the necessities of the system demand that it be, at least, reinvested to
earn Interest.   By this process the material world hns been won by the capitalist  class, nnd labor, thc real creative power, has been  subjugated and
kept in poverty.   Wages remain about
stationary, the chances of a Job and
the hold upon lt become more precarious, the length of the workday is the
same as under serfdom or oh? ttel slavery, or even longer ln many cases, but
more Intensive and exhausting.     Owing to the increasing factor of monopoly  prices  rise  and  so  unconsciously
almost the  struggle of life gets harder,  and all this In spite of the vast
possibilities in exactly the opposite direction.   Many of you, like the inuddle-
heads who control the policies of many
trades-unions believe  that by combination and a show of force a fair wage
representing   a   Just   distribution   of
wealth, can be extorted from the capitalist class, and by this means a kind
of   Industrial  equilibrium  established.
AU  experience    and    sound  economic
theory  are   against  you.    The  wage-
system en*bodyIng( as lt doeB, the Intrinsic principle of slavery is the sheet
anchor of capitalism, and so long as lt
lasts strife and misery for the workers
must  endure  and   Increase  and   their
share in all real prosperity be a minus
one.   You, the workers, cannot expect
to control what you do not own.   Tou
have no proprietary right ln the things
you make, nor the plant and  machinery   by   which   you  make  them,   you
have not even the social right to work
and so make a slave of yourself;   you
nre  In  many  cases the cheapest and
most neglected, almost despised  commodity on the shambles of modern Industry.    Only  by   owning  the   things
by which you live can you reasonably
expect   to  CONTROL them  and  convert them from the means of human
exploitation  and  profit making  for a
class to tbe ministration of everything
that  contributes to social   well-being.
This,   however,    ls    not    possible   to
slaves nor men of a servile, compromising spirit.   Socialism calls for men,
Intelligent and clear as to what they
want and an unbending resolve to get
lt.   When the  working claaa ln  sufficient numbers are ready for this the
world Is theirs for the taking.   In the
meantime capitalism has a few more
laps to traverse on the historic track,
and none need fear that it will abate
its demands on either, individual, community or legislature or fall to demonstrate Its inherent Incapacity  to administer the wealth it controls ln the
interest of society, and to do lt with
an arrogant offenslveness tbat will contribute to Its own undoing.
*    *    it-
True to Its Instinct as the mouthpiece of a blatant and vulgar  plutocracy, The  World  of this city   takes
the first opportunity of offering Insult
to Maxim Gorki the distinguished Russian, Just arrived In the United States
because on landing he promptly wired
words of cheer to Moyer and Haywood
ln Caldwell jail, men already pre-judg-
ed   and   condemned  by  such   servile
toadying rags as The World.   Somehow
our  apostle  of    boost    and    swagger
stumbled on a half-truth when It said
"we have plenty of the kind already."
Gorky ls a Socllalst like Moyer and
Haywood, hence the poison fang play
by the Booster.   Yes, there are a good
many Socialists on the continent and
their   number   ls   Increasing   hourly,
thanks, in some measure, to the stupidity and snobbery of the plutocratic
press.    Canada, however, ls the least
among  lhe     nations in  a Socialistic
sense and  Is  still the happy bunting
ground of the perdatory class, when by
the aid of such tools as The World, the
grossly exploited workers can still be
fooled  Into voting for the class and
party   tbat  enslaves  them.       But  a
change ls already working and lt may
bo that when Vancouver   reaches   a
population of 100,000, whether In 1*10
or 2010, a majority of the electors will
be voting the Socialist ticket, and Gorki, If alive, be welcomed by the city of
Vancouver as a guest of honor.   How
do you like the prospect World?
Rossland Union    Expresses Sympathy
for Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone.
At a recent meeting of the Rossland
Miners' Union, No. 38, Western Federation of Miners, the executive committee, consisting of George Casey, R. H.
Hutchlns, Hiram Stewart, Ed. Lang-
don and P. R. McDonald, presented a
preamble and resolution expressing
confidence ln Charles Moyer, W. D.
Haywood, George Pettibone and other
of their brothers, who are charged with
heinous crimes. I** waa decided to levy
an assessment of tl each on the 600
members of the union, and to forward
the sum so raised to the headquarters
of the Western Federation of Miners
not later than May 20th. The preamble
and resolutions were unanimously adopted.
Says Maxim Gorky, the Russian novelist and revolutionist, now in America on a tour: "Gitpon, tt he had been
killed on the day of the massacres ln
Moscow might have died e hero. Unfortunately he lived to be bribed and
to betray the cause of Russian Liberty
The Social-Democratic board, after he
fled from Russia, made an investigation
of his conduct, and found that he had
accepted through a secret service officer of the government one hundred
thousand roubles, from Witte himself
sixty thousand more, and from some
other sources fifty thousand more."
The same    issue   of   a daily paper
which chronicles the fact that 800,000:
to 1,000,000 people are starving ln Japan, states, on Its financial page,  that
the new Japanese loan of 200,000,000 yen
was over-subscribed to the amount of
173,000,000  yen, that the  subscriptions
were almost wholly from native Investors and that more than the Issue price
was offered for over 8,000,000 yen, owing
to the abundance of money.   Japan ls
rising rapidly in the scale of civilisation and  will  soon  be eligible  to  the
thirty-third   degree  of    bourgeois   Industrialism.  Under what circumstances
other  than those attendant  upon   the
economic abortion known ag the competitive system, could this  monstrous
condition exist?   Capital  is timid, we
are told.   So Japanese capital modestly
retires and passes the hat among the
nations for alms for Its starving victims.   The victims, no doubt, are properly   Imbued   with   the  principle   that
In an article by W. J. Ghent In Collier's, under caption. The Changing
Order." the author arrives, after considerable study, at what he terms the
following tentative conclusions:"
1.   There Is a great    Increase In the
number of the larger owners or users
of capital.    While the ultimate ownership, or at least the effective control, of
this capital ls probably held by a decreasing number of men, the employment of lt nevertheless creates a formidable hierarchy of entrepreneurs and
company officials,  most of whom are
opulent sharers ln the annual harvest.
2.   There is a steady   decline In   the
wealth and  commercial  and    political
influence of the so-called "middle-class"
—the group   of   petty   manufacturers
and dealers.   Even in numerical standing lt does not quite hold its own, for
though lt Increases absolutely, advancing In a ratio somewhat   greater than
the Increase of population, lt declines
slightly In Its relative standing In the
total number of occupied persons.    In
spite of the number of   bankruptcies
(Increasing steadily since 1899) and the
still  greater  number  of    "failures  to
succeed,"  the  ranks of this class are
constantly   augmented    by    fresh   recruits, rich In expectations, but poor In
goods.      But.  numerous as these reinforcements are,  they  fail  to  hold  the
group to Its relative position.
. There ls a great Increase ln the
number of salaried persons and other
workers ln clerical and distributive
functions, who bear a more personal
and dependent relation to their employers than do the wage-earning mechanics and other manual workers.
4. The working class as n whole Increases by notable percentages, and
steadily attains a higher ratio of the
number of occupied persons. Year by
year more persons work for hire.
There ls, however, but a small increase
(tn many branches there ls a considerable decrease) of wage-earners In manufacturing and mechanical employment and In personal and domestic
service. The larger increases are
among the clerical and distributive
workers, farm workers, and general
day laborers.
5. There is an appalling increase of
unemployment. A comparison of the
census figures for 1890, and 1900 shows
that In 125 out of 140 occupation
groups specified by the bureau for
males, and 56 out of the 63 specified
for females, there was a greater duration of employment In the earlier decade. During the census year 1900. 6.-
468.964 ordinarily occupied persons were
unemployed for more than one month,
of whom 736,286 were Idle for more
than seven months. The workman's
opportunity to make a. living steadily
6. Reacting from these condition*,
the working class tends Increasingly
to organisation. This movement Is
everywhere opposed and cheeked by
stronger organisations of employers.
Th« workers, finding themselves defeated In the purely economic field,
resort, ln ever augmenting numbers,
to the political field, and accept the
programme of class-conscious and revolutionary Socialism.
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Specially Recommended
Sells all
Over the
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
H. H. D. Pierce, third assistant secretary' of state at Washington has been
doing the "gum shoe" stunt among the
Yankee consuls east of the Sues, nnd
has discovered the most of them to be
Just common drunks and grafters of
the cheapest kind. These revels-
lions huve caused the New York Hurr
to  lugubriously  wall  that:
"Some of the black sheep are out
now, but the mischief has been done;
It will take years of the square deal
and the simple life to remove the stain
on  the national  escutcheon."
It does beat ull how sheep that have
been bred to snowy whiteness In the
land of the "square deal and the simple life," can so suddenly revert to the
darker shade and smudge the "escutcheon," once they are subjected to the
heathen Influences outside. . Uncle Sam
should keep his precious lambkins at
home and thus insure the continued
whiteness of their fleece, all same Depew, McCurely. McCall, Rogers, Jawn
I)., etc. The national escutcheon would
no longer be In danger of being smudged.
This is Our
without reservation of any kind.
Tho choice of hundreds of men's hu*
pvrbly tailored and faultlessly fashioned flS to *90 SuiU for
and  complete  lines  ln  alruoret
Rtyle — garments   that   v. em
    to sell    at almost    twice Uw
prices now asked for tbem are hem
ln a profusion of styles and fabrics,
Never before was our claim. "Ws
-ive most (or your money," so clear*
lv  demonstrated.
M Cw-Jm Strait
The real contest will take place In
Colorado and Idaho after next election.
If the workers do their duty. -Not till
the workers seise the power of the
stale will the brutal ferocity of the
beast capitalism be laid bare. In the
event nf such u struggle, however, the
capitalist hirelings will be the "rioters"
nnd "law-breakers." The capitalists j
themselves. In any case, will do no
fighting. The historical records of
their cowardice amply Justine* this
statement. If the lives ot Comrades
Moyer. Haywood and Pettibone arc required to arouse the workers to -mlltl- j
eal action, let the Innocent men be
hanged without trial—the workers will j
riot  huv,? shed  the  first  blood.
I Second Hand Oealer
Cook Stoves and Tools a
We buy and sell all kinds of
strap metal, old machinery,
rubber,   sacks,  bottles, etc.
CI Ijr       MM——■m
property is more sacred than life. As
they note the advancing stages of
emaciation by which their friends,
their families and themselves approach
the dread final touch, they can patriotically reflect that uncomplaining death
for them Is better far than protest
which might bring affright to pusillanimous capital.—Ex.
The regular weekly business meeting was held at the headquarters on
Monday evening, April 16th, Comrade
Pritchard ln the chair. The minutes
of the previous meeting were adopted,
and the following warrants authorised:
Rent, $3.60; Comrade Stephens, expenses, $3; expenses Incurred by demonstration committee, $2;  total, $8.50
The programme committee reported
that they were negotiating for the
renting ot the Labor Hall for propaganda meetings, and recommended
distribution of notices re Moyer, Haywood, Pettibone demonstration. Comrades Lambert and Arnason were appointed to distribute programmes.
Tbe committee on May-Day celebration reported progress.
The committee on ways and means
reported receipts from the last dance
of $27, and an expenditure of $24.20,
which leaves a surplus of $2.SO, with
some small amounts to be yet collected.
The report was received, and the
committee Instructed to turn all monies on hand over to the financial secretary.
The demonstration committee reported tbat a meeting will be held at the
City Hall on Friday evening, April
20th, to protest against the persecu-
Uon of the oiliciuls of the Western
Federation of Miners by the organised
capitalists of  the  United States.
Councilman John Cloak, of Belllng-
ham, Washington, will speak at the
Sullivan Hall, Cordova Street, on Sunday evening, April 22nd. Comrade
Burns will occupy the cbalr.
Under "Good and Welfare," Comrade
Burns gave notice of motion looking
to the keeping of all literature sales
ln a separate fund for the purpose of
buying more literature.
The financial report showed receipts
for the week as follows:
Collected at last propaganda fleeting $7.06
Received on account of last social (net) 3.15
Literature sales 28
On dues account 4.00
Total $14.95
The meeting then adjourned.
D. P. MILLS, Secretary,
The threat expressed by Samuel
Gompers recently that organised lubor
would go Into politics on its own book
in view of Its probable turn-down at
the hands of the powers that be at
Washington, was evidently made in
dead earnest.
At least organised labor Is going in.
In a manner calculated to strike terror
to the hearts of commercial pirates and
tyrants generally. Fifty-three labor
organisations, two Turner societies,
two single-tax organisations and four
municipal ownership organisations met
In convention at Chicago the other day
and launched a new party, christened
the "Progressive Alliance." The following seditious utterances are culled
from Its platform:
Liberty to the Individual to pursue
natural enjoyments which do not Interfere with the equal rights or liberties of others, and we denounce all interference with these rights and liberties of th people as unjust, tyrannical and opposed to the genius of
American Institutions.
That the people may fully and rationally enjoy their suffrage we favor an
enactment requiring the suspension of
business on primary and election days.
The nomination of all candidates for
elective offices by direct vote of the
people at primaries to be held for tbat
Uncontrolled representative government being debauched and corrupted
by those who buy privilege, we favor
the adoption of the Initiative and referendum whereby the people mny Initiate
the legislation they desire which le refused them by their servants, snd msy
veto legislation which their servants
attempt to thrust upon them.
We favor that most rational and
necessary change In the method of
dealing with the public servants, that
of the power of recalling the faithless
ones. No business house tbat was
compelled to retain those employees
who were faithless to It could long
survive, nor can city, state or nation
survive that Is compelled to retain
those servants that betray them.
The mlllenlum Is now within easy
reach, as anybody can readily see.
"The bourgeois historians have Invented the legend of the revolution of
1TS9 bestowing the land upon the peasant, and freedom and happiness therewithal; whereas the plain truth Is that
;he great revolution stripped him of his
rights of common and either secular
rights of equal Importance, delivering
him up. defenceless. Into the clutches
of the usurers and middlemen: Into
Competition with the great landed proprietor, equipped with capital and
machinery. The great bourgeois revolution was fraught with misery and
ruin fur the peasant."—Paul lafargue.
In "Tlie Evolution of Property."
Store-—1S8 Cordova St.. K .
hardware 4 Junk. 101 Powell
St.. now and second-hand furniture.
Vmcmw, I. 6.
.tattttttfttt «**'M
The Hill and llarrlrniri construction
ganga near Caison. Wash., recently
defended the property rights Of their
respective masters most valiantly by
the use of dynamite. The clash resulted from an alleged Infringement by
the Hill gang upon territory claimed
by the Harriman Interests. Though
considerable dynamite was used but
one warrior was Injured, and but
slightly at that. When slaves engsge
in so base a purpose as fighting the
battles of their masters It Is sad
think of explosives being used
so little effect.
Let the Clarion print your
printing.   Tel. 824.   Box 836.
Says the Typo Journal of the Printers' eight-hour day demand: Month
(February) 38,988 members, nut of a
total of 47.283. were enjoying the eight-
hour day. Now, 39,222 are doing as
they please' with sixteen hours per day.
There are .1.899 people on the strike roll.
This number Includes 6,059 Journeymen,
34? apprentices and 488 members of the
allied crafts.
Comrade Alex. Lang's account of
the occurrence In San Francisco on
Sunday, April 8th. which will be found
in another column, throws a different
light upon the affair than that given
by the capitalist press. Mayor Hchmltt'
trade union police acquitted themselves
most gloriously upon the occasion, according to Mr. Lang's account.
PHONE  A1676
Ta&couT6r Exchange.
Employment   ami   Financial Agetii*
Real Estate
Expert* and
Room 0,
22 Cordova St.
Miller  Block.
Vancouver. B *'
•'What costs nothing ls worth nothing."—Herbert W. Cooke, Boston.
The "wage of abstinence" Is comfort,
luxury and much fat, The wage of
labor Is a lean and hungry existence.
Workingmen ln Canada' who voted
the Liberal ticket last election because
of the promise of "jobs" building railways, may be Interested ln knowing
thst Chinese contractors are enow figuring on sub-contracts. In South Africa
the wage-slaves died for such a result;
In Canada the lobsters voted for it.
The Chicago University Is adding to
its scope and Influence by Improving
Its output ln both quantity -and quality. A chair of "mokey talk*" Is to be
added to Its plant.
Capitalistic- society has reduced to a
minimum the personal property of the
proletarian. It was Impossible to go
further without causing the death of
the producer—the capitalists' goose
that lays the golden egg. It tends to
dispossess him altogether of his Instruments of labor, a spoliation which is
already an accomplished fact for the
great bulk of workers.—-Paul Lafargue.
A French engineer has discovered a
method of generating steam without
fire. The most crying need of the age,
however, Is for some way to generate
labor-power without wages. This
would not only prove an inestimable
boon to the worker, but would also
relieve the employer of a not Inconsiderable burden.
- The awful destruction of human life
and property by tbe earthquake at San
Francisco has not yet been laid at the
door of the 'inner circle" of the Western Federation of Miners. But then,
como to think of It, "gum shoe" Mc-
Partland has not yet been hoard from
In tbe matter.
April 22nd—John Cloak, councilman
of Bell Ingham, Wash.; subject, "Evolution of the Machine."
April 2»th—E. T. Kingsley; subject,
"Politics of Labor."
May 6th—ln hands of May Day com
May 13th—J. fl. Morgan; subject,
"The Trade Union, Ancient and Modern."
Good music.
Ladles especially Invited.
Telephone 2291.
Sanitary Experts.   Plumbing In   ail
IU branches.      Estimates furni->**--
Repairs,  stove connections, etc.
••• ffESTMIMICR ML, ttnmtt rntt-
CPFTrftQ    CrMtkal Bh*
llsuil Msde Boots snd Shoes lo ordtr in
sll styles.   Rrusiiiiif promptly •net nest
ly done.     Stock  uf slsple  rcsely nude-
Shoes slwsys on hsud.
hn.     tttml rnntttt.
If you would like to spend less time In your kitchen and wood shed,
and have much more time for outdoor life, recrentlon and pleasure,
look Into the question of doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man <"
measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of InstalllnK
the gas pipes.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.


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