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The Western Clarion Jul 31, 1906

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*^^"c^*s'ative *s-s*?~"X      PuWished in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
thw •_   383.
I Nr
JUL 28 1906
subscription Pries
Pbb VB-b
Perionalitiet Pertly Paragraphed by Comrade Weston Wrigley
in Reply to Criticism olered by Comrade Whitebread
in the Western Clarion of July 7.
In the Clarion of June 2, the writer tlove for the party is greater than any
discussed   certain   events  concerning {personal   friendships   have   centered
-_„ ;_ .-*. :_ .-j ——  in Toronto,   .rank criticism has been
indulged in and on several occasions
comrades have been requested to appear before thc Local or to attend
its meetings more regularly. Comrade Simpson, owing to his being an
elected comrade and albo owing to hit numerous labor union
oftices and his attendance at the union
meeting!, at the expense of socialist
meetings, has naturally come in for
a greater share of the criticism than
other comrades, although criticism
has by no means been coniined to
him. It is to the credit of Comrade
Simpson that hc has on several occasions been able to submerge his
personality and accept the decisions
and wisdom of_thc  majority  and hc
ihe movement in Ontario and urged
. number of Ontraio comrades to take
«■; their P«n in *U efl[ort l0 n*»kc th*
i lar on columns interesting to the
trades throughout Canada. Com-
«_.   W hitebread'i interesting letter
,rthe. July ;th issue was particularly
t auabi* and >-  -  to  be  hoped  that
ethers (oUo* hi» example in lending
Seasonal .""ticlcs to the Clarion.
•T«_6 cruel, id  course, for Comrade
iVWtebread to launch out a» a critic
,i   now  me   but   who  cannot  stand
,UKi-.n> il poor »•->■- a,u- •■■*- ftlttt,
while recognising the dangers of du*
eTuisiDS persons without drilling into
oersuaalitica, continue!, and invite, a
further  discussion   of   llu-   discussion
commenced* ... , .. ,
I'ndcr.tand, in the first place that
jealousy of individuals does not in-
Ljrf lhe writer in any way as DCill
„,,i out in search of honors m the
Kill .if the comrades in the movement.
\|| true Socialists, however, are jea-
|„u« ol lhe revolutionary status of the
tocialist movement, aoad the writer
owtw up to being jealous in this res-
Writing from this standpoint the
wiier on June i referred to a peculiar position our 'enly elected comrade
»as placed in bv a conflict of principle* between thc trades union and
Mc;.ilist movcroei._^__^^^^^^^^
• Hri'iularly te> the pledge and adop
Ml hy a referendum \ote of Toronto
l/ai >nu>|s of a pledge to be imposed
on all officers Ol thc T aand L. Coun-
e-il, ihat they would not take part in
any political contests except as suppliers e»f caodidatea endorsed by
lhai mongrel "labor*" body Comrade
Simpson, who was referred to, was
asked by the Toronto Local to attend
the LocaJ and explain Ins position in
the matter, and did IO, ihe lateness oi
the hour and lhe tact thai it wai I
special meemg preventing u iniclli
g«*nt discussion eif the subject.
Socialism claims that capital does
not create wealth, that it only absorbs
the wealth created by labor, which is
its rightful possessor. This is disputed, if not utterly disproved, by the fact
that where there is limited capital
there is limited production, and where
there is limited production there is
dire and general poverty.—The N. Y.
The mistake the Sun makes is in
using the word capital instead of capitalist,
All Socialists want the nation to
bave capital and as much of it ai possible, but they want the prodUcti to
go to the workers instead of the capitalists. Or rather, they want the nation to be the sole Capitalist, Let
the nation own the capital instead of
letting Rockefeller own it.
It's not capital we object to, it's the
private ownership of capital—Wilshire's.
It is difficult to determine from the
above which is the more confused,
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ the Sun man or Wilshire himself. The
will probably Ue the first "to admit j former, in discovering that with lim-
that hc is a better Socialist and a bet- j ited means of production there would
ter man as a result of thc criticism of be a limited production of wealth, has
the  past  couple  of   years.     And   all! , ,.      »_..._ __ , ,
will agree that it is often just nt haul '""f ,n,° lhe error ^t means of
to criticise as lo bc criticised. pfOOttction  must,  under    all circtim-
So much for thc result eef "snathe-1 stances, be capital. Wilshire is even
mas" <en the Toronto movement. It'-, jn a worse muddle about capital than
is hard to understand comrade White-,  hc g     scrjbc      N ridiculous
breads   reference   to   the   provincial . , .   . ,      , ,
movement. While this period of \ assertion could bc made than that:
criticism and revolutionary develop-1 "All Socialists want the nation to
ment has been going on in Toronto,' have capital," etc. As capital is
the old "trusting.;; "anti dues paying'* j merel thc tenn app]ied to means of
and    anti  pledge    movement   in On-'       _.*.. . .   ,      ..
.st   movements   referring   most |Uno   has    been     gradually     passing' proAiction.  when   used   for  the  par-
away until today, as a re-mlt of a {poie of exploiting labor it follows that
better understanding of the rcvolu-; of the nation is to become the owner
nonary  position  adopted  in  Toronto ; „- capj,ai ;, j5 to become the exploiter
?"<licn*r1org=g    S«r, -ESS  *  "j-.       *** «>»  -*■ ■»• J»
nonary   movement   is   showing  signs capital instead of letting Rockefeller
of   life   throughout   the   province,   a [own it," would merely be the substi-
hopeful outlook which will be bright-j  _
er when the present prosperity passes.
The  creation of a militant discipline
in  Toronto is  not  likely  to cause  a
serious upheaval in Ontario.    On the
contrary,   the   movement   in   Ontario
is likely to become militant itself and
instead of hrro worshipping comrades
__ *      ..   ■       rnasmiwlMi ilooking U> Toronto, Hamilton or oth-
Trades Union Compromises.        '      ^*^  ^  ^j^   Vl)t,.cat,hini,
According t ©Comrade Wntt-toread l^eajterl lo ac. ;,s candidates m eleo*
»h«   bringing   up   of   his   matter   wa* klWU,   these  outside   Locals   will   de-
"pirmaturc."      According   to   ton   it Ifrcloti    sufficient  revolutionary    spirit
i*. Uie be*t policy to let our movement i(i| jfj)cnj upon their own resources.
!>re-inner   compromised   before   ttiSCUS* ;     «,,  to criticizing  comrade]  for not
Miig   a  mailer   in  a   local  or  in  our   •,,]„- -..-Heri-th-is, evolutionists or in-j
p^rty pre*,..     The writer begs to dis-
agree—a  frank  discussion   should  at
.,!l nines be in order.    What happened   in   lhe   mailer  referred  lo?      lot
retx.ri o* the referendum vote wai rc*
tttved   in   the  Trades   Council   about
-.:% weeks be-i.-rc the -enn annual elec-
tions As an officer, comrade Simp-
^.m look no action—did "<'t testgn
,,r did not challenge the pledge as ,t
was not enforced on the delegates
id  when   the   elections   were   held.
tution of one exploiter for another. No
Socialist desires any such thing. The
social revolution implies the destruction of capital in its entirety. Not
the destruction of mill, mine, factory
or any other part of the means of
wealth production, but the complete
abrogation of the function of luch
property under the present system of
The uprise of the proletariat to the
control of the meant of production j
marks the end of capital. When
mill, mine, factory and land become
the property of a workeri' commonwealth production muit of necessity
be carried on for uie. Under such
circumstances the term capital no
longer applies.
If the nation were to be the "sole
capitalist," as Wilshire put! it, there
would be more than reasonable ground
for the assumption of D. M, Parry
and other capitalist nincompoops that
everything would be regulated by government and all social and even family
affairs conducted by official decree. If
those who profess to speak for Socialism would first take time to inform themselves upon the subject, it
would save a lot of energy to others
lhat must otherwise needs be expended in combatting the ridiculous assumptions that logically follow from
their loose and careless assertions.
It appears from this distance that
however much the Sun man may be
confused, Wilshire is still more so.
This observaion is offered with no intention-of belittling the educational
value of Wilshire's picture in the columns of his magazine. It is freely
admitted that when compared with
r.uch stuff as quoted above the picture
has the greater educational and propaganda value.
One Thing and Another Gathered From tho  Flotsam and
Jetsam ot the Capitalist Tide of Accidents, incidents
Paradoxes ond Confusion.
Aspect of the Movement and Some of the'Obstacles in its
Pathway  as  Found  in  Varioos  Countries  Under
Capitalist  Civilization.
comrade Simpson did **Ol accept rc-
.lec-ti.in. snsd so will not haw f*«
pledge iorcc.rr>n him JO conflict with
ou, party pledge. The wncr doe
not consider thc lunc 1 article pre-
T!nltirf if Socialists (pledged member, or electr.l representatives of      r
■rt.) arc to remain as private .mm
Lc.'of  a  Trades   (-.unci,  having   a
H„k*ai  pledge or M efloui <<   •>
Trades   Cuigre-   which   has   a   poll
,,„, pUtform in direct <"»"f" •"
to the  Socialist  pe.i.i.cal  platf rin.
-  fair  io expect   thai   they   Will    Ight
such c.pital.M.c   "labor"   party  tend-
.^"aXr than laying dowii in the
hec of them.    In J«nt .* article, n<*
Sing   v,as   said   about   any   COmrade
being  "ambitious*   b«  if  •■■'', ' ''sf
are I.i bc gratified al the .sacrlct o
principle ffor initance, the uiteoduc
tion ol resolution- favoring the IP
ihe appearing before a 1 arifl <.■■«» '-
Sion "king   for   free  trade   to  bettef
lhe  eonditioni ol the  working class
Hie failure to oppose *1»_of    wrty
tendencies, ,ic. it is probably well   -
consider ■ comrade's Mnbrttona. ine
writer  has  repeatedly   given  •»«»«
Simp.on full cre.l.t for being twi t<>
(xifly principles  as  an  elcc-led
rade in  carrying  OOl   ail I       ,,„„...-
given by  the   l-.elucal.onal   *"mimt    ,
ol Toronto Local and also in commjt
into the socialist party at the sacrifice of political preferment nun DW
party  hands.      B«t   it   >s  true  l.a    he
h..Ida his posilion M M dg*j}«2£
rade . not as a result of seecialist VOtM
das,   conscious   or    Ot**«rW»*-r*"°
no other Toronlo ce.mradc e^jWP*
to hold the scat in ease o[ *»»™ '
Simpson's   removal   OT   d««th.     TB»
piiiailarity of comrade Simp;' '«   *;
meat   advantage   to   *e   '"•;''
(,,articularlv  in  forcing  the «P'»l'"
police  etc , to adopt a hands off  >o 'cy
u ganiing OUr street r^t^Set
single taxers ana,   Inelustr.a   Workers
have been  forced to desist), but tne
comrades have a right to expect tha
this, popularity is not held by a Si*1-
nfice ol principle.
The  Provincial   Movement.
CorOTadc Whitebread is fearful that
"anathemas" and the coni .nuance f
critielim may result in a ''serious u -
heaval" in the pre.v.ncal movement.
To one Whose experience In the
movement dates back j a Uw
montha, this view il «W,««V
stood, hut to any who knp# 'the hii-
lorv of thc movement (particularly
in Ontario) the opposite will he seen
be the case. When the movement
wai in the "trusting" »«»«fh*n^':
ficen were above criticism, tIc «»0Ve
ment watt as a house of MBd Mi It
the first breeze was «*»«»»»« ««
left in scattered fragments. 1 or_ tin
past couple ol years, however, ab ,.t
half  a  doicn  revoltitionar.es,   whose
fidel**, this matter came up in Toronto
Local at a recent meeting when lhe
writer was anient from the city, being
brought up, the writer understand-,
by scenic remarks by comrade White-
bread himself, after seenic criticism
had been indulged in because "f comrade Simpson's taking part in a
school children's celebration in decorating monuments on Empire l>ay.
Comrade Phillips Thompson brought
in a resolution condemning such actions, comrade Simpson agreeing that
it had placed him in a false position
although hc had chosen to decorate
Hobby llurn* instead of a soldier's
monument, attending the soldiers' decoration merely as a reporter. Comrade Whitcbrc.id's remarks led on to
an interesting discussion on materialism, which was continued at i later
meeting and is to bc Followed up by
a debate between comrades I'eel and
Simpson, m the near future.
Thc writer has always held to thc
position that the Socialist movement
ind the Socialist philosophy were- two
distinct things. To be a member of
the Socialist Party one has only to
agree to certain tactics- to accept the
class struggle and pledge t" vote for
our partv candidates. So far any
person, christian or atheist, can be a
consistent party member. The duty
of our party organisation, however,
as   thc   writer   understands   it   is   to
teach is members the socialist philosophy as experience has proven ih.it
reliance can best be placed upon those
who clearly understand the philosophy
of the movement. This naturally
brings on a conflict between the ma*
terialistl and the christians. The
party cannot and should not force any
out eif its organisation   because
"Arc you going to give anything?"
laid the doubtful one. "Naw," replied his friend, "it is like putting
money down a well,*' This was over
beard at the open air meeting presided over by Comrade Hinshaw with
his gramophone, last week. The
young fellows quoted above had been
Standing there some time, and judging by their previous remarks, had
been enjoying the music and even the
records of wanhope'i speech (a rat-!
tiing good one) but when it came to
delivering up thc nimble dime to fur- i. -_^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^h
iher their own cause they dodged the : bus'ness 4cmands niore than 3 i-a per
hat and were seen no more. These be icent- on ,,s »*v--stment, state compe
many trains travel at the rate of 6o
miles an hour. So ib has been with
sociological changes and so it will be I
with the change from capitalism to
Socialism. It is impossible only so j
long as thc working class think it to
bc so.
*    *    »
"Sir Joseph Ward's method of banishing monopoly from New Zealand
is delightfully simple, but it is
doubtful if it would work out on this
continent,    ln  New  Zealand when a
., _,       . .     • . itltion  is immediately  invoked
they,  who  even   if   they have  brains \ thcory ;„ that 3 ,., per cent
enough to know they are slaves, hug ,     return   on   an   investment  and
^^^^^^ those   who | l
their chains and jibe at those «»•- i - ._. _^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_
would help them free themselves, who! anything beyond that rate is extor-
with minds made sordid by their utter (t''>n, which warrants state interfer-
l.-cck   of  ideas  on   any  subject  other i cn.S-_      , f ...
than   getting  as   comfortable   a  sub-!     Ihe above is  from  an editorial in
sistence  as  circumstances  will   allow
DO!  inaleri.'.lisls,  but
bey  are  not  man
philosophy  of  the   movement
cle-niablv materialistic, it  must, if it
is  to  five,  continue  its  diicuiiiom
and rrilicisms of members—particularly of office holders—until all pany
members accept the Socialist philosophy.
A Picnic At Toronto.
Toronto   Socialists   have   arrange!
to hold a monster picnic on civic holiday  —Aug   6.     A  committee
posed of three Knglish. thr
them, care nothing for the condition
of others and fatuously believe, that
in spite of daily examples to thc contrary all around thern, that they themselves are secure from privation and
distress. Nothing but the iron force
of circumstances can change the opinion of this type of worker. He will
get what is coming o him sooner or
later, and probably the lesson will be
*    *    *
"It is all very well to talk like this,
but it is impossible.*' Here is a man
to whom the ideals of SiK-ialism appeal., but he has not yet arrived at the
stage of thinking for himself. He
gets bis ideas ready made, and from
capitalist sources at that.
l'.ver since he can remember hc has
been told that Socialism is impossible.
He has been told it so often that it
made in indelible impression on
mind.     He-  prides himself on be-
"pr.ulical."      He,  poor fool, has
been told so often that he is a "practical working man" that hc really believes it.    If he could be persuaded to
think he would tind the Socialist the
practical man.     Wc all know that if
no work is done, no wealth is produ-
1 j ccd,  that  is  "practical."     Why  is  it
j more practical for the many to work
com-1 and support thc few in idleness as is
the case now, than for all to work.    If
as the j has
is   un-   his
nnriulian and one French cotpra. _ 	
it is possible fcirit to distribute
have been chosen lo arrange Uu
tails' G. W. WRIGLEY.
Port Arthur, July II, too6.
les j it bc possible for a national   govern-
le- i ment   to  distribute  our  mail   matter
slate capital
Thc trip of that New Zealand premier to thc United St;ites recently hai
set sonic of the fat-head dailies of the [class   owns
Hearst type to babbling some of the   **       ^^^
most  idiotic rubbish imaginable. ()iu-
Id think  from  reading  the    stuff
the eonditioni existing in    lhal
one-horse country of backward
development and  incipient
ilism arc as felicitous    as
those that obtained in the Garden of
Eden before the tenant developed an
overmastering  appetite  for  thc  land
lord's  fruit.      If the stories  told  b.v
New   Zealand   wage-slaves    ■>*-
for u.^^-^_________
all our necessaries. The government
owns the highways, thc post office and
many other things, why should not
thc working class own the government. And when the working
the government, and
its numbers are ample feir the
purpose, why is it impossible for
it to own all thc industries of thc
country that arc now run for prolit.
what difference does it make to the
organization of a factory whether a
joint stock company owns it or a single   individual—none    whatever,   """
it   is
$rcoiUwy notwithitandinfi
 ,^^^^^^^^^^^^^   nor
would  any change in the  organization   bc   necessary   on  changing  the
ownership to thc  whole  nation
c ialism   is   "practical"   because
scientific, it is "possible" as soon as
the majority says so.
*    *   *
At one time a speed of twenty miles
an hour on railways was laughed to
scorn   as  being   "impossible."    Now
the W'innincg Telegram of recent
date. lt would be .interesting to
know what Solon decided that 3 I-a
per cent, is just while 3 3-4-is extortion. Three and one-half per cent, is
taken out of the hide of the workers,
it is part of the surplus value created by them, i. e,, value for which they
obtain nothine. any other percentaee
smaller or greater is derived from
thc same source, it is all extortion
and is levied by a class by virtue of
their ownership of the means of
wealth production. The many have
no access to these means of life except on the terms of thc owners. They
are slaves, owning nothing but their
power to labor, which they must sell
in order to live. The price is as low
as the purchaser can force it down,
the only check on the process being
the fact that in order to work and
keep the race of workers renewed thc
seller must obtain enough to keep
himself anel family living. This living
wage rises and falls according to the
ratio of the supply of laborers to the
demand. With a brisk demand wages
rise and the worker is able to live in
a better manner than in normal times,
while in "bad times" the demand becomes far less than the supply and
wages fall to thc verv least the worker and his family can live upon. In
some lines of indusry there is a
chronic over-supply of thc commodity
labor-power, with the consequence
that wages actually fall below the subsistence point. The father alone can
no longer support his family, thus
necessitating the women and children joining the ranks of the job
hunters, intensifying the evil till in
some parts of the southern states it
has actually come to pass that in
many working class households the
father of the family stavs at home
anel does the housework, while his
wife and children are in the factory.
This is the system our "practical''
friends think is thc best that wc can
ever expect to have. The "impractical" Socialist, on the other hand,
would abolish the ownership of thc
means of life by a few and invest the
ownership in all for all, by which
means, and b.v these only, the worker would obtain the (till social value
of the product of his toil. This can
be done only by a working class
political movement. A long pull, a
strong pull and a pull altogether.
The recent attempt to aiuiiinatc
the king by meam of a dynamite
bomb having led to the usual amount
of lying by thc capitalist prcii about
the identity of thc bociali*u and thi
anarchiiti, thc Berlin Vorwarti published a lurvey of thc anarchiit movement in Spain from which the follow-
ing ii taken 1
in the hrit place, there ii really little reaion to believe thst thc attack
wai by an anarchiit at all, but that it
wai the despairing act of one of thc
hundreds of thousands of starving
subject! of the young king who had
been driven a trifle iwifter toward
their death by the taxation to meet
the expenie necessary to the display
accompanying the royal wedding.
Spanish anarchy, in philosophy and
practice, is a natural offspring of
bourgeois radicalism, and the Manchester school of political economy,
which maintains that every extension
of state activity is an evil. From thc
very beginning of the International
Workingmcn's movement thirty years
ago Spain has had a strong anarchist
movement, which is only in recent
years being overcome by the growth
of socialism. In 1883 the anarchist
movement reached its height. At that
time an anarchist congress was held
in Sevilla with -S1 delegates, representing 200 local organizations hav
ing 632 subdivisions and 49,500 members. As the strength increased the
divisions multiplied, until at the pres-,
ent time there are three well-defined
schools, with numerous minor sects
and subdivisions.
First, in influence and energy, but
not in numbers, are the ndividualist
anarchists. They are mainly composed of the impoverished "intellectuals,"' especially the literary "Bohemians," and the poor teachers. Along
with these are found many handworkers and embittered Freethinkers, who
are attracted by their hatred of the
Spanish priesthood. Thc genuine laborer, especially the members of the
industrial proletariat, plays a very insignificant part in their movement. As
a means to the attainment of their
ends this division depends upon
keeping up a constant unrest against
the government and its supporters,
largely by means of general strikes,
street demonstrations and occasionally
by violent attacks upon prominent
supporters and officials of the existing system.
The second division, the Collectiv-
ist-Anarchist, might be designated as
the anarchist trade-union group, since
it is composed almost entirely of the
organizations connected with the anarchistic "Federation of the Labor
Unions of Spain," in opposition to
the socialist "General Labor Union."
Although these talk much of a future
collectivist regime, yet, like the individualists, they preach political abstinence (although by no means always
practicing it), and advocate the general strike and public demonstrations.
The third, the Communist Anarchist
group, is very much like the Collect-
ivisits, but maintains that the foundation of the future society, to consist of independent producing communities, must be based upon the
common ownership of thc earth and
the means of production.
Not only in regard to tactics, but
in their whole comprehension of
economic and political relations, the
historic foundations of present society,
and the direction of its evolution, the
anarchists are fundamentally different
from the socialists. They are much
closer to the Liberal movement than
to the Socialists.
Anarchy will disappear from Spain
only when the corruption, the government by cliques, and the exploitation
of  the country by clericalism disappears—and when the working    class
I shall awake to    independent political
life and organize itself into a great so-
] cialist party that shall relentlessly ex-
j pose and denounce the corruption and
i point the way to its abolition.
The recent legislative elections in
Belgium are discussed at considerable length by Camille Huysmans in
a recent number of the Neue Zeit. lt
seems that the election was an extremely hardlv contested one. The
Clericals, feeling their power slipping
away, went to the greatest tent-ths to
retain tlieir following. It had been
shown hi the Chamber of Deputies
that for some time thc Clericals had
been making use of the clergy, nuns,
ntonks and clerical teachers to maintain a system of personal espionage
over the most private, affairs of the
Belgian people, and that this information had been used in connection with
the great capitalists to terrorize the
workers into supporting the Clerical
! party. Thc most absurd reports were
| circulated concerning thc socialists—
that they proposed to destroy the
churches, drive out the worshippers
with bayonets, etc., and cartoons depicting these horrible prospects were
circulated  among  the more  ignorant
Moreover, the electoral lists were
in'the possession of the Clericals and
they used this power for the most
wholesale frauds.
The Liberals raised thc cry that
only through them could salvation
from the clerical terror bc secured,
and since the socialists had formed au
alliance with the Liberals in many
parts of the country, the whole affair
was in confusion and consequently
the socialist vote did not receive   as
much of an increaie ai had been expected. However, two additional
teats were gained for thi tociaUiti,
giving them thirty initead of twenty
eight 11 bifore, and • alight incrcm
in thc vote rwisterid.
One of the reaioni for the com*
paratively ilow growth of the lotial*
iit Vote during tne iait two yean ii
dUt to the fact that the imall retailers
Itld their friends in Brussels are very
much enraged against the socialist
co-operatives, which are driving. aU
the little merchants out of business.
Another cause that tended to retard
the increase of the socialist vote wai*
that the Liberals stole all of the tocialist platform that they dared, including many of the "immediate demands?'
The united socialist party has decided to pursue an absolutely clear-cut
policy founded upon the class struggle
in its legislative work and has therefore refused to present any candidate
for the presidency of he chamber. At
a former serrion Jaures was presented and was elected as one of the vice-
presidents, and a like result would
have been certain this time had the
party so desired. This item is especially referred to those who never
tire of telling how the socialists are?
rejecting the narrow Marxian tactics.
It is encouraging to see the progress
made in Tasmania—seven labor men
have been returned where only four
were in the previous parliament. Our
comrade, George Burns, M. H. A,
for Queenstown. had a fine majority
of 619. Our comrades of Victoria
will heartily congratulate Mr. and
Mrs. Burns on the victory. No uouot
it is an indication of a determination
on the part of the Tassie workers to
catch up and to keep u** the movement in other States. All good success
to them.—-The Socialist, Melbourne.
Hunger riots have recently occurred in Sardinia, which were put
down with violence by the troops. So
terrible have the conditions been on
this island that for several vears marriages and births have fallen off in
a most striking manner. While sheriffs' sales average but 29 per 100,000
population annually in the remainder
of Italy, in Sardania they reach 422
per 100,000, with the overwhelming
majority for between five and twenty
dollars—From International Socialist
At the present time there are thousands of unemployed men and women,
with their children, tramping tbe
country districts in search of casual
labor in the fields. Their prospect-
are not promising. Pea-picking this
year, owing to the late frosts, is a
poor job. The wanderers never think
that the country schools are all closed when there is any work like this
on, and the house mother and children flock into the fields to earn a
shilling or two to eke out their precarious existence. The decline of
harvesting and the rise of machinery
have abolished the gleaner. Pea and
fruit picking have, to a slight extent,
made up for the loss. The present
price for picking a sack of pea pods
is is. to is. 6d. An ordinary picker
will pick a sack in a day and an expert will pick three.
The crop prospects for fruit are
very poor. -Hay is very light. The
spectacle of our unemployed fellow-
countrymen tramping about the dusty
lanes under the broiling sun is one
of the saddest in our civilization* No
provision exists for their lodging by
the boards of guardians. We find
them stuffed into the cells and passages of thc casual wards like herrings
in a barrel. Their patience and industry are wondrous. Badgered about
by the police and the poor law people, they trudge on, armed with a
few boot laces or reels of cotton,
which they try to sell. When no
farmer wants their services they call
at the cottages and beg for bread,
which the writer has seen them devour iike people famishing with hunger.
The story is everywhere the same.
"Never have seen so many respectable people on tramp"; "What is to become of the children?" "More tramps
this year than there's been for ten."
The awful sum of human misery,
starvation and degradation! But
there are signs of a rude awakening
to somebody. The Yorkshireman
with one leg, and the badly amputated stump of he other, who couldn't
sit to eat the bite of food given him,
but lay on his belly and finished off
two hearty men's dinners at one
meal, and licked the plate em both
sides as clean as it left the potter, after pronouncing his blessing on the
giver, said: "It's the last time, missus,
we've stood it too long; this winter
will see us fighting in the street, not
begging for bread or for work."—Ag-
raricus in Justice.
A lot of worry is indulged in over
the attempt to solve what is termed
the "servant problem." Still it is as
easy as falling off a log. Let every
lazy wench in the country do her own
work, including the emptying of slops,
and the problem would be solved. *.; m
_ •»!
! -
fill in Mu
,,.__!,.....-—*--inr11 i»in«ia-i-l
mwtemaiwm. rsr»iii_s>«—»_«~--Wo
tH4wwii_4 Mi-M l^rtgWBML l-Jtifiig OQttrtiitA
Ihe Men Clarion
PuMished ovary Saturday In the
Interests of tha working claaa alone
at tke Offlca of tke Waatera Clarion,.
Flack Block basement, 165 Hastlnge
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Strictly IU Advance.
Yearly aubecriptloa earda ln lota
of ova or mora, 75 oenta each.
AdverUatag ratea on application.
It you receive thle paper. It ia paid
'Addreaa all cmnmunlcaUana to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch thia \atm* oa your pa-
par. It thla numtpr ia on it,
ynur aubecriptloa expiree tha
next iaaue.
Saturday July 28,1906.
Now that Dreyfus, the French officer who was convicted upon flimsy
and trumped-up evidence and confined
for five years in a cage on Devil's
Island, has received vindication at
the hands of the highest French tribunal, numerous papers, especially in
the United States, are mouthing a lot
of denunciation of the "monstrous in-
icpiity" that was perpetrated upon the
accused man. They are greatly
shocked because he was falsely accused and disgraced and deorived of his
liberty upon testimony insufficient to
establish his guilt. Their indignation
over the wrongs practiced upon Dreyfus might be very fine were it not for
the fact that three men have been
deprived of their liberty by being confined in an Idaho jail for some months
past upon what everyone believes to
be a trumned-up charge with even
less weight as evidence than the famous "borderean' that was produced
against Dreyfus. Dreyfus was at
least accorded a trial, however farcical it mav have been. The imprisoned Western Federation men are even
denied that. But not a word in their
behalf is uttered by these loud-mouthed sheets which are so keen in detecting infamies and iniquities when
practised in lands afar off. Whatever
Dreyfus may heve suffered is of little
or no consequence. A human butcher by chosen profession, he merely
fell into the teeth of the beast he
served. iHe who deliberately chooses
a military career in the services of a
ruling class is entitled to no sympathy
if he perchance falls a victim to ruling class ferocity.
Moyer,  Haywood    and    Pettibone
have not chosen    to    serve a ruling
class.    They have cast their lot with
their  fellow  working-men,  the   class
in  human   society   over  whom   rule
is exercised.    In so doing thev have
incurred the enmity and aroused the
ferocity of   the ruling class.     As   a
result   they   have   been   seized   and
thrown into prison upon the flimsiest
pretext, and with no prospects of a
trial   at  least  for   man**  months   to
come.    These great •"moral engines,"
the capitalist papers, are as silent as
the grave in relation to these men,
and the treatment accorded to them
They will remain silent.    In the event
of the trial and acquittal of the accused men, these wise sheets will be
profuse in their laudation of Ameri-
_ can judicial machinery and procedure
and  the  triumph   of  justice.     They
will have no tears to shed over any
wrong committed against the men by
depriving    them     of    their    liberty
through months of imprisonment, all
of which "brings to mind the fact that
the capitalist press of to-day is just
what   that  term   implies,  an  instrument of the ruling class.    As such,
it can only be relied upon to conserve
the interests of the powers that be.
The workers must depend upon themselves  to  see  that  their  imprisoned
fellows are not railroaded to the gallows.    The labor press should be utilized  to  the  fullest  extent  to  voice
the demand for the release of these
men.     While   capitalist  papers   are
shedding tears over the sufferings of
Drei'fus   on   Devil's   Island,  let   the
workingmen  not   forget  the  victims
of capitalist ferocity in the Idaho jail.
sacred precincts, its army Ot labor
will by the same token be held in
leash, and service in its ranks will be
compulsory. The last vestige of liberty remaining to the working man,
the right to quit his employment, will
be lost, and a practical reversion to
chattel slavery will be the result.
If recent news dispatches are to
be relied upon, Japan, one of thc
youngest of commercial nations, is
making rapid and deliberate strides
towards the final stage of capitalist
development. Arrangements are now
being made to establish an absolute
government monopoly to cover all
the great industries of Manchuria. It
is quite unnecessary to add that such
a monopoly will also cover the industries of Korea and of Japan as
To those familiar with the qualities of thc Japanese people, the meaning of this to the balance of the commercial world will be plain. It means
that -all the achievements in the in-
lustrial arts acquired by the white
race during the thousands of years of
its journey from the primitive tools
and implements of savagery to the
complicated and powerful machinery
and processes of modern times, arc to
be applied to industry in the land of
the Mikado by the government itself,
backed by a military and naval power sufficient to turn objectionable intruders away. That this will in no
small way interfere with the calculations of the enterprising commercial
buccaneers of other countries goes
without saying. To the extent to
which it curtails their opportunities to
dispose of their surplus products, to
that extent will it aggravate conditions in their respective countries
and hasten tihe day when they will be
called upon to reckon with their own
enslaved workers.
Probably in no country on earth
are the circumstances and conditions
more favorable for the attainment of
the very climax of capiatilsm than
in Japan. The recent war has shown
her people capable, vigorous, and pos
sessed of the necessary loyalty to
country and rulers, to warrant the
assumption that the final position of
capitalism, a complete and absolute
industrial despotism, can be attained
While the tendency is of necessity,
along the same lines in other countries, it is a matter of doubt whether
the same result could be reached
without a revolutionary explosion
that would shatter the scheme and
usher in a new order of society. The
workers in the European and American countries are already more or
less inclined to open rebellion against
the capitalist system. This spirit
of rebellion is rapidly ripening into
revolution whioh at any moment is
liable to burst forth in serious and
perhaps fatal interruption of the logical developement of capitalism.
The developement of state capitalism in Japan will be watched with interest by the student of political economy. May it be speedily carried
out so that useful lesson may be
drawn from the experience of the Japanese workers to guide the workers
of other lands in their solution of the
economic problems that are pressing
upon them with'ever increasing severity.
The firjal stage of capitalism will
bc reached when the industries shall
have been taken under thc control
of government and are operated as
state monopolies. This will mark
the end of competition not only
between the sellers of goods, but between the sellers of labor power as
well. With government as the sole
owner and master of industry, its
markets will of necessity be held intact by its naval and military power,
and no intruder allowed to enter the
The Russian Douma has been dissolved by the Czar. All of the promises to the people either openly
made or implied, during the past two
years have at one stroke been repudiated. If any there be in Russia
who have been led to believe that
even a modicum of freedom for which
the people have been hoping and
dreaming was to come to them by any
gentler means than the rude arbitrament of "war to the knife and the
knife to the hilt/ against the hated
roiling class and all of its accursed
machinery, this last act of the Czar
and his advisors should be quite sufficient to shatter that belief.
It is now up to the proletariat of
the city and the peasant of the country to accept the inevitable and with-
grim determination settle down to a
war of absolute extermination acrainst
the entire coterie of ferocious and
savage monsters who would drench
the earth with the blood of freedom's
martyrs in order to prolong their
reign of plunder and infamy.
No ruling class is capable of learning anything from the experience of
the ruling classes of other lands. The
history of the French Revolution is
evidently unknown to the Russian
rulers, or if they are familiar with it,
they are unable to draw any useful
lesson from it. And yet, nothing
short of the outcome of the French
Revolution can possibly result as thc
outcome of the struggle now going
on in Russia. While every sane man
who will allow reason to shape his
judgment knows full well that the
people of Russia not only will, but
ought to come into possession of
their own. But in spite of thc teachings of history, and against all dictates of reason and common sense
they will be compelled to pay a fearful price for it. In order that they
may move up abreast of the people
oi other lands in thc enjoyment of
rights and privileges of citizenship,
the peasants and artisans of Russia
will be forced to deluge the land with
the blood of their bravest thi best.
To break the stranglehold of the
French autocracy cost the lives of a
million Frenchmen. To break that
of thc Russian will doubtless cost
far more. It is a price that might
as well be cheerfully paid by the peasant and proletariat. Their rulers
are savages and it is impossible to
smother the ferocious instinct of the
savage with any less potent weapon
than cold steel. Reason is entirely
out of the question. The price can
be paid only in blood. Let the Russian workmen see that the blood of
their brutal rulers is contributed copiously to the stream.
Aid should be extended to the Russian workmen by those of every country on earth. They will need all the
assistance they can get. Their cause
is the cause of labor of every land
under the sun. Their victory will
be the victory of international labor,
and therefore the workers everywhere
should do all in their power to make
it possible.
The latest move of the Czar and
his bureaucrats means that the feud
between ruled and rulers in Russia is
to be settled by sheer physical force.
It is furnishing an excellent confirmation of the contention of the Socialist
that in thc last analysis all quesions
resolve hemsclves into merely questions of power. Law, precedent, promise and pronouncement go for
naught when the clash of interest
between masters and slaves reaches
its culmination in the determination
of the slaves to strike for freedom.
The thin veneer of civilization is then
wiped off and reversion to the primeval law of the jungle takes  place.
As horrible as the conditions bave
been in Russia for the past few years,
the months_ to come will see them
worse. There will undoubtedly bc a
more reckless disregard for human
life, and a more widespread and indiscriminate slaughter carried on
henceforth thn heretofore. It would
appear that the only thing that can
possibly prevent this would be that
the soldiers so waver in allegiance
to the chief murderer as to make it
impossible for him to satisfy his lust
for the blood of his people. Unless
this occurs, there is a long and bloody-
struggle ahead of thc Russian working class.
„>.UttJflfr ..,,,. July M. j
In the account of matters in connection with the recent elections in
Belgium, which will be found in another column, among the reasons
given for the somewhat slow growth
of the Socialist vote during recent
years appears the following:
"Another cause that tended to retard the increase of the Socialist vote
was that the Liberals stole all of the
Socialist platform that they dared,
including many of the immediate demands."
This is a point that should not bc
overlooked by our own precious B. C.
band of political nondescripts who
sport the euphonious nom de plume
of "Liberals." Let them cull some
catchy tid-bits from the platform of
the Socialist Party of Canada, for instance some particularly seductive
"immediate demands." Or they
might take the entire platform if they
feel that it would be of any use to
them. We feel sure if application
be made to the provincial secretary of
the party he will be pleased to furnish
Liberal humbugs with copies of thc
platform and even assist them in
making suitable and serviceable selections from its contents.
No stronger recommendation as
to the fidelity and trustworthiness of
labor leaders could be furnished than
the fact that capitalists and their
henchmen desire to railroad them to
the gallows.
Missouri's attorney-general, in a
burst of confidence assures us that
"trusts are no better than thieves."
How could they bc any better A
trust is only a gang of capitalists anyhow. Does the A.-G., the dear man,
catch on?
According to the news dispatches
70 Jews were arrested on July 25, at
Odessa, Russia, on "suspicion of belonging to a self-defence organization." If their guilt of this heinous
crime is proven, they will, no doubt,
be severely dealt with. It is very
sad to know that people can become
so degenerate as to even think of defending themselves.
The Britoti a*, a spreader of lip*lo-
datc twentieth century civili/atnm »
by no means a failure. Aimed to
thc teeth with the most terrible death-
dealing weapons that the murderotM
ingenuity of humankind can devise
this particular custodian of while ci
vilization can go up against I bind
of naked and practically unarm* I "'
t-roes, with a bravery anil abandon
that is really remarkable, steal their
hinds, rob them of their substance,
and shoot them into eternity if they
squeal too loudly. Al the same time
he can look so piously toward heaven, and pour forth such heart-moving appeals for divine sanction of his
civilizing work, as to impress upon
the observer the sincerity of his piety
and christian fervor. As a spreader
of the white man's civilization the
Briton is as effective an instrument in
the hands of the ruler of all things as
a hot knife would be in the hands of
housewife spreading butter on bread
The Briton is not, however, thc
only expert at the delightful business.
His Teutonic neighbor is also a past
master at the art, although his prac-
has not. as yet, covered so wide
tield of Christianizing and civili/.-
ng usefulness. That 'he has been do-
some highly commendable work
recently is shown by the following
clipped from thc current news dispatches. Thc reading of it ought to
make the heart of every white Christian swell with pride, and bring to
them a soothing assurance that the
white man's mission is being gloriously fulfilled and his burden most
nobly borne in the interest of thc
Gospel of peace and love thy neighbor.
"The official report of the government concerning the result of the war
against the native rebels in German
Southeast Africa contains appalling
details of the campaign of extermination that has been carried on by
the German commander there in revenge for the various reverses that
the German force encountered in the
earlier days of the campaign against
the blacks. In the initial campaign
the rebels numbered 60,000 men and
outnumbered greatly thc Germans
sent against them. As soon as the
German forces were able to assume
the offensive, a campaign of "no
quarter" was inaugurated and carried
through. Death was thc portion 01
all rebels, and the German forces
were so persistent that their enemies
were soon driven into the desert,
where they perished by the hundred]
of starvation and thirst.
An immense area of thc arid land-
is now strewn with thousands of
corpses, it is estimated that 40,000
natives perished in the desert, of
whom many were aged men, women
and children. The campaign is declared to have been without a parallel
in point of ferocity in recent years
and is likely to prove a strong weapon for the Socialists at the next
meeting of the  Reichstag.
That the white man is capable of
carrying his glorious civilization to
the uttermost parts of the earth none
can deny. The very fact that he has
already plastered a good part of the
earth with it is quite enough to show
that he is qualified to finish the job.
In fact the longer he works at it thc
more adept and proficient he becomes
in spreading its blessings broadcast
among the benighted heathen who
have heretofore been without thc opportunity to baak in its glorious radiance.
In No. 381 of the Western Clarion,
under caption, "Wares, Not Men." an
account was given of and ci>mment
made upon an incident that recently
occurred in connection with a Carp-
penters' union "in a town not a thousand miles from Vancouver." It appears that in the opinion of thc Carpenters' union in question the story
as given to the Western Clarion in
the first instance did not altogether
square with the facts. Their version
of the affair has been handed in for
publication and is as follows:
In a town on the verge of civiliza
tion,   where   the   carpenters    in     thc
good old times were wont to work ten
he-irs a day for any old pay that the
bosses might see fit to give them, and
a precious good chance of sometimes
being beaten out of that, a carpenters'
union was formed.      In the face   of
the opposition of the employers, ami
in spite of the lukewarm sympathy of
the  public, by the sacrifice of    their
personal convenience    and    a    good
share of their earnings, as  well    as
daring the black list, this union  succeeded in reducing the hours to eight
a day, with Saturday afternoon off, at
thc same time maintaining the   living
standard of wages and    enforcing   a
fairly   regular  payment  of the  same.
These conditions, while not ideal, were
such as to tempt o.hrrs from the effete cast to leave the comforts of older civilizations and cast in    their   lot
with  the    advance guard.      One    ofj
these, whom we may call Pcgwcll for
short, wc will deal with.     Acting   on
the principle that a man's duty to man
requires that he shall make hay while
the sun shines, and believing that real
estate was capable of further exploit
ation, invested in some realty, proposing to utilize his evenings and Saturday afternoons in putting   a building
thereon, ostensibly for a home. This
was all very well as far as    Pcgwell
was concerned, but complaints having
reached the union that he had other
men working for him outside of union
working hours, an investigation   was
deemed necessary and this is where a
gentleman whom we shall call   Haymaker c.omes in.     At first    Pcgwell
said that Haymaker was a partner in
the undertakint*. but that not proving
satisfactory he qualified by claiming
that  Haymaker's assistance    was    a
matter of pure brotherly love.     This
evidently was not Haymaker's view,
as he admitted that hc expected    to
be paid in kind, if not otherwise. This
being a direct violation of the   rules
which the Carpenters' union for the
safeguarding of their mutual interests
had established, thc    union    notified
Haymaker that the least expected of
him was that if he was going to reside in Rome he mtust follow thc custom and usage of the Romans. As all
union carpenters are required Jo   do
this no possible hardship was inflicted on Haymaker, unless it be that it
is a hardship to deny to any man the
liberty  to  reap  where  others    have
WuRKtRsonHt Would Unhe"
vile-el to p|
mouth.     Hre.-rrli.rn-s DlMfMnMe"
1   I .1 t  .,•**   *.!_.__ . -1       l»
• t*n
Union,   No
Phoenix      Miners'
W. f. M.    Meet,    every s_,L*
evening al fjp o'clock7mIjgjj
Ingram. preaUeat- w
halt,    V
.1. Edward Bird,    a. 0. BitfogA*
Ueo.  K.  MclVoNMar, ***•
We, tlie Socialist Party ol Canada,
la convention aaaembled, affirm our
allegiance*! to and support of the principles and program of tho Interna-
tional revolutionary working claaa.
Labor producea all wealth, and to
labor It should Justly belong. To
Uie owners of the moans of wealth
production belongs tbe product of
labor. Tha present economic ays-
tern la based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all ths prodticta of
labor belong to toe capitallat claaa.
The capitalist ia master, tha worknr
la slavs.
80 long aa the capitalists remain
In possession of the rains of govern-
ment all lhe powers of the state will
be used to protect aad defend their
property rlgtita in the means oi
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist sy*t«n> glvea to tha
capitalist an ever-awelline* stream of
profits, and to the worker aa aver-
lncreafdag measure of misery and
The Interest of the working daas
lies in thc direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of tbe wag* system. T<»
accomplish thla necaaeltatea the
transformation of capitalist property In the meana of wealth production Into collective or worklng-claaa
lhe Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist aad the
worker is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession of the power
of government-—-the capitalist to bold
the worker to secure it b.v political
action.   This is the claaa sinigrcU-
Therefore, we call upon aM work-
era to organl/e under the banner of ,
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of set t Ing up j
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as follows.
1.   The  transformation  aa  rapid)y
as possible, oi' capitalist property In '
tha meana of wealth production 'na-
tural resources, factories,  mills, rail-
ways,  etc..)  into  the collective  pro-!
party of the working class.
9.   Thorough and   democratic    or-
ganlzation and   management   of   In* j
dustry by the workers.
3. The establishment, aa speedily !
aa possible, of production for uss'
Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in o*TVe
shall always and everywhere, until
the present system is a*r*olta_**d.
make the answer to thla quest loa ita
guiding rule of conduct. Will this;
legislation advance the tntareeta of 1
the working claaa and aid the workers in their claaa atruggle against
capitalism? If It will, the Socialist
Party Is for it; It it will not. the
Socialist Party la absolutely mpppa
ed to ft.
In accordance with thla principle
the Socialist Party pledgee itself to
conduct all the public affaire placed
In ita hands in such a manner aa to
promote the interests of tha wnrlu
Ing claaa alone.
Tel. S_0. p.o. Ilox, un..
324 Hastings St.- . . Vancouver
Socialist Director;
gaT Every Local of thc Soelilu.
Party ot Canada should run • ejj
under this head. $1.00 pr* „,,„
Secretaries pleaae note.
Hritish Columbia Provincial Km-mUts
Committee. •odallat part] „• ^
iiclu.    Me-M* every alternate Tun.'
day.  l>. u. MeKaniie, Becretarj &>,
Ot, Vancouver,  It. C.
Dominion l-'tivutive i DtamHtae. St.
cialist Party of Canada. Men,
every alternate Tuesday, J. q.
Morgan. BeoraUry, .1 lUrwi
Street, Vancouver, 11. c.
l.<**-al Vanouuvor, Ho, i.s p. ,,t cM.
ada. iiusiness m*e unci "v*-™
Monday evening- at headqurten,
Ingleetda Hi'Kit. sn Cembts sirw,
<re)e»m    I,      »e>»-e>rul   Iloor 1       Kluca*
UomJ meetmga every Rands* 111
p. tn.. In Kiilllvcn Hnll. Cbrdon
Street. Frederie- Perry. BecnUtr
iki« roc. Vancouver, 11. C,
Iah-hI Toronto, •**. I*. of C—Meets so
ond uml fourth Tuesdays, .-iociifct
Hendquariara, IISH Queen sirwt
West, W. Dale, Becretarj/, tt Httr.
Street Jewish Branch meetsenrj
Sunday night, num.- 'mil
Local Winnipeg, SI' • i". meet*
every firal and third - . ihe
Voice office, building 113 Unpen »>-?,
.11 10.10, a in. J Coxon, Secretary,
2A> Prinrcai Street, Winnipeg. Mi
l-tulrtl-dircl   IMI.
Tlie' Oldest I .ubor
I'.iih r In i BMtta.
Always  11   f.>nrlr*-«  exponent  lo
the e-ause. c.f l_l>or.
F<.r one dollar the- paper sill
tee-  ami  to any nihil SSI f"i   •■'<'
>e nr.
*.V.>rkln*cm-*n of sll cottOtrfM
win Boon    roeognlat    the f-ee-t
th.ti  tbey     must    aappori *ei
rend  their labor paper*
IWhUamD    KVKi'.Y    FRIDAY.
The Virtue I'lihliftliliiff Ce
\\ li*ul|w*r,    Msn.
hereby  apply  for  membership
In Local
 Socialist  Party  of
I recognlxe the class strufrirle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
strugglo for political supremacy, I, e., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
tbe workers into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership.
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
nny other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Admitted to Local 190..
Published Weakly by the
Wntira riltritiis 01 Mlurt
A  Vigorous  Advocate ot LeObsr'i
Clear-Cut and Aggreesivs.
Per Year 11.00.       Bis Months. Ma
Denver, Colorado.
WANTED: by Chicago whoUn**
house, special representative far
each province In Canada. »*■*-*-*"■
120,00 and expenses paid wssHij.
Expense money advanced, nut-
neae successful; position permansBt-
No investment reo*ulrad. Pre«*oui
experlnnce not essential te **g*g
ing. Addreaa
General Manager, 133 Imk* St.
 Chicago. Ill-, tl.t-k-
-. e solid! the Murines* or Mnnufscturtrn.
Knfflpeers snd others who rtnli»e the ad«t«t)l|.
Ity of hnviug their PsUnl business Irsnsnclrd
by Kxperl*. Preliminary sdviee free. Clisrge.»
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent ujxin
re-c|iie»t. Marlon _ Marlon, New York Life UIcIb.
Moutrcal j aud Wsshlngtuu, D,t, V.mJA.
5 yearly sub. cards for $8.76.
Bundles of 28 or more copies U>
one address, for a period of tbrw
months or more at the rate of ***
cent per copy.
Patronise our advertisers.
.Melius atcsrutlii
iimeiiOein Is pnib
lleiiia Mrlollr oeinai
•silt 'res. e llciewt
I'alsnta taseen llirmicjl- -        ,,
»It limit rlmmo, lulls
Tmdc M*«*««
Copvuiomts •e.
•pc-'tecl niilkr, 1
,...  .... limit rli«r«o, lulls
Sckntmc JUittricati.
A haneHomelr tllnstrals- wseilr.   LSJH, |.1 s
nulsilim of any .clsiiilflo lourna. JSSetSa.
fnur menu lis. IL Bold Msllf •"»aS_ j,
imTW r BU W-i-iiusH"'. -• -atiiriiiv .uiu fobritlM*
•j-ij- ■
mn wymjj ttuiMiirJ^a_M^
-hega column! have- been  placed at
juposal of the Party. BaereUrMfl
ils are  requested   to    take ad-
cif  Ihem In. at  Intervals,  reconditions  In   lliulr  respective
I lie
Of I-"''"
v.iui ige
j    lilies.   Communication* under this
Imu'i'i'ii. or Provincial Secretaries.
, „ crotaries are further re-quested to
look lo these columns for announcement- from the Executive Committees.
dv ttilH means UM business of the
party will be facilitated and the Dominion and Provincial Moretarlefl
relieved of » mt,c "f the '"creasing
burden of correspondence.
In order to afford    comradci    an
aiy  icccil  to standard   worki    on
■iliim, tbe committee ban decided
a ut.ick of literature.     The
>r(   .n hand  and  will    bc
.nd to    any    addreu    at
to lay ii"
(cent  pOlt*f
quoted. Two-cent itampi
w-uTbe icccpted lor luini not exceeding IS *****
The   Lmtiniuntst
Karl Marx    ...10 cent*
Sociiliim,   Utopian
entifi**.  Marx
and   Sci-
lc   Kneels... 10 centl
lu-aic-c    l.abor    and   Capital,
Karl  Mar*     S cen,s
| Thi- Mission id* the Working Clans.
A   M   Simon*  5 cents
iScinali-m and Farmers, A. M.
Simon* 5 «n-s
Other works procured to order.
A» will be seen fOOd use hns been
Itrilt" of the moneys subscribed so fur
Ito itn> '>rg_nUlng funds. Further or-
1 ir-.• i rv tours are under contemplation
lit full are available. Further sub-
Jurri'eili'P.s are therefore urgently ao-
fttcftad IS, with the great Interest thnt
|i> il present being manifested In So-
in >•■:. no better time could be found
[for ic[.readlng tlie propaganda and
[liuilllnx up the organisation.
have Isna   rc-
'ibe following sums
vl.ed to date:
l:.iIuie-e on hand..   ..
i:  wad.-, Watt Harvey
.   500
Forward aU eontHtwttona to
J. O.   MORGAN.  Sec.
551 Barnard St.
Vini-ieiiver, B. C.
^^^^^^ PARTY  	
Vancouver Local.
J,  .11.   Elllol    $2.00
R. Stephen*.   e.oo
W. McFarlanc  so
Per R Garvie—
No. i  i.oo
No   2  1.00
Burke     SO
age Slave   50
L Broderick    S-oo
VV,   Adam     200
C.  C.  Morgan     1.00
J.   Preston     5°
T. D, Ball   1.00
VV. Coulter   ■    50
Thoi. Jack  50
received up
The following amounts
■ datet
revioutty acknowledged   $5*>S°
'ei !   II' Hawtbonttnwaite, M.
I* I' 25.00
Frederick Perry, Secretary.
Phoenix, B, C. July 21,  1006.
Dear Comrade.— I enclose you
$25.00 for provincial Organizing Fund.
The boyi up here are doing well,
thev have found "tit what they want
antl seem to be willing to pay for it.
Great time in Rossland. Spoke
there four timet; once to thc Italian
Local, at their building, being introduced by Joe Callister. No one
seemed to have been aware of thc
existence of such an institution. They
have a fine vigorous organization and
arc good true-hearted comrades. I
was astonished at the number eif Socialists I found in Rossland which bis
been always supposed to be the
stronghold of Liberal capitalist politics in this province. Maedonald
made a pitiable exhibition of himself
on lhe platform, some of onr Socialist
comrades even feeling sorry for him.
It is needless to say I didn't.
He was to have met me on the
platform anad discuss the burning
question of thc day—Capitalism vs.
He was in the meeting and thc au-
dience forced him on thc platform
hut to thc disappointment of friend
and foe alike he refused to speak and j
followed bis usual tactics—that is
did a sneak.
Hc met me the ntxl night and dis-
dusssed provincial politices as these
ducks arc sometimes willing to do because it is fairly safe ground for
them being easier to conceal thc real
iliac. But I venture to say Macdon-
alel would have given a good deal to
have  escaped  even  that  little  ordeal.
Unless both wings combine to support him he cannot be again elected
in RossUttd. Thc town is ours for
I speak here tonight and spoke
in Grand Forks last night. Thc ceem-
r.uli * there will at once organize.
This camp will come into line too.
Socialism is rampant here
Your* in thc revolt.
Total  ISt-SP
rhe committee being a stockhold-
in the co-operative publishing
•>*■<• of Chas. Kerr & Co., can props! literature for the locals at cost.
Campaign fund receipt books arc
» ready and will be furnished to
**"*_ at to centl each.
It has been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central fund
be died in generally assisting in the
oming campaign and more especially
! r the- purpose of printing and distributing campaign literature.
All comrades wishing to collect
or  tins fund   should  at   once  apply
lhe provincial secretary for a
teipt book. No effort should
kpared in building up ibis fund.
The following amounts received
0 date:
'revionsly   acknowledged    $4.00
Two Clarion   Subs   (K.   Upton
andC   J. Cox  	
July ML lejofi
Editor, Western Clarion.
Dear Sir. - I enclose you herewith
copy of resolution adopted at mass
meeting    held    here   Saturday   night,
July 11st, to listen io address of comrade   J.   II.  Hawthornthwaite,     By
giving this publication you will greatly eiblige.
Yours for the Revolution,
WHEREAS. Wc, the members of
the working class of Phoenix.  B. C,
realize that      ^^^^
permanently    advance
class   movement
'Capital in America has long ceased to confine itself to mere industrialism, and a trust that controls a staple product controls also legislatures
and municipalities and the courts. It
is that, above all else, that has given
to the explosion of American feeling
its far-reaching bitterness. No One
sees how an influence that is entrenched and operative at a dozen
different points can be shaken off. The
Chicago slaughter-houses, for instance, may be cleaned, sanitation enforced and food products properly inspected. But the beef trust will still
continue to debauch politics and cor
mipt justice and to treat labor as it
pleases The Socialists have a remedy comprehensive enough to ceipe
even with these manifold abuses, hut
they have yet to convert the American
people to its expediency; and no other
party has anything to suggest even
as a palliative. One can but note
that a dehumanized wage system, a
tyranizing and unscrupulous capitalism, and a blind popular unrest are
leading America to the very edge of a
great convulsion."—The Outlook,
The ownership of industry implies
the control of everything necessary to
protect and defend that ownership. It
is by no accident that capital "controls legislatures and municipalities,
newspapers and courts." Its continued sway depends Upon its continued control, not only of these, but
of all factors that may be of use in defending itself against the encroachment of its hereditary victim, the
working class. With the institutions
of government arrayed against it Capital would collapse and its brutal
reign would come to a speedy end.
However stupid labor may be as to
its powers and purpose, capital is
sufficiently wise to comprehend the
fact that by the maintenance and control of the institution of government,
with all of its machinery of torture
and powers of repression, is it at all
possible to continue its brutal and
conscienceless rule and exploitation
of thc working class.
Of course the '"beef trust will still
continue to debaaich politics," only
debauch is not the proper term to
use. All of these capitalist concerns
will continue to do politics because
upon their continued control of government their very lives depend. They
will not debauch politics for the reason that the political expression of
capital will be as clean as thc thing
it expresses. Capital judged from any
moral or ethical standpoint, or even
from the standpoint of common decency, is a base and ignoble thing.
Being corner-stoned upon the sobbery
of the wealth producers, both it and
its institutions arc capable of ne>
further debauchery. Nothing could
be more low, base, mean and vile
than that upon which it is based, thc
enslavement and exploitation of thc
working class.
Thc admission that "the Socialists
have a remedy comprehensive enough
to cope even with these manifold
abuses," is a good one. Its significance is by no means detracted from
by the fact that they have yet to
'convert" thc American people to
their way of thinking. The matter of
conversion is being r* o--'ly attended
to and will be accomplished in due
time. Thc terrible economic pressure being brought upon them by capital now at the very zenith of its
glory is the evangelist that is bringing them by the thousands to the pen
Yesterday was the anniversary of
thc shooting of President Garfield by
the anarchist, socialist and un-American Guiteau—-who waylaid President Garfield at the Baltimore & Ohio
depot at Washington, D. C, on July
2, 1881, and shot him in the back, as
most cowards do shoot, and from
which wound Garfield died on the
19th of September following—Seattle
Guiteau was merely a disappointed
Republican office seeker that went
"batty" over his lack of success in
landing some political plum. Twenty
five years later he is discovered to be
"anarchist, socialist and un-American," whatever such a combination
might be. All of which goes to
show that truth is mighty and will
prevail. Doubtless in time it will be
made clear that Judas Iscariot wore
a red necktie. At any rate, the Seattle Times' brand of truth cannot be
designated as "un-American." It certainly flourisheth in that favored land
like a coon in a watermelon patch.
 0 ■
Peasants near Sungurslc, Russia,
evicted a big landholder from his estate and informed him that they proposed to harvest the crop* for themselves. This is indeed outrageous.
Very much 90; very mucn so.
For the
Having been authorized by
the publ'shers of the Western
Clarion to receive tubs at tbe
regular rate-$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Cither renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Some who started early are now selling ten
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
a copy.    Send to   us  for circulars and  wholesale
prices.   The book is now ready for delivery.
Many complaint! are reaching this
office from lubscrlbers who fall to get
their paperi. In iome Instances there
are eeveral complaints from the same
locality. Aa every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expiree are kept continually ln type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complatnta justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity ln the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition in the future.
Tin* publication of -leriodlc-als of
every clc-sc-riptieiii Is a specialty with
The "Clarion." Telephone or write
for estimate*. Every facility for such
work, and promptness and *_tl*rfaction
Five Clarion sub. cards-
Five yearly sub. cards-
Five Clarion sub. cards-
by buying thb
reliable, honest,
high grade k*»
ing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co*
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
 $5 0°
our interests can bc only
d by i united
working; to secure
itical control eif tne functions
i the Rovcrnmcnt, and wc further
realize that thc present leader of the
Socialist Tarty in the Provincial Le**-
i-ladurc is deserving ol emr entire
confidence and support;
And wc further realize that our
present member from this district by
his subserviency to the capitalist class
in the Provincial Legislature in refusing his support to thc hills drafted
in thc interests of the working people
has thereby  betrayed OUT  interests.
Therefore be it resolved,
That we will show our confidence
in our leader J. I!. Hawthornthwaite
by retaining to his Wpport from thi"-
district, tt tlie coining elections, a
re-picsnitatve of the working and So
cialilt Party and lo this end we promise our most earnest labor and sup
tential bench by thc fervor and convincing logic of its exhortations.
"A dehumanized wage-system, a
tyrani/ing and unscrupulous capita-
liltn" is forcing American and all
other countries to the "very edge of a
great convulsion.'' If the voice of
lhe Socialist bc not listened to, and
reason and intelligence allowed to
solve the vexatious problems that are
rising with such insistency from thc
swamps and bogs of capitalist rule,
thc people of every land will bc unable to stay their progress at the
"edge of that "great convulsion," but
11 be precipitated over the brink in
midst. Thc Socialist i>
feel the satisfaction of
Advertisers     [
Colonial Bakery
29  Johnson St.,  Victoria.  B.C.
Delivered  to any  part of the city.    As*
Driver   to   call.     Thon*   849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
Regular Business Meeting:. July *"J.
Com,  McLachlan in  the chair.
Minutes  of  previous   meeting read
a*"l approved,
, Applicant I Burk admitted to mem
. Warrants authorized for thc following amounts: ,
Rent of Sullivan Hall July •.-»•• -M5"
Literature Agent   3 °°
Cleaning Headquarters         i°
Warrant  Book   _  *•>
"Be Stamps      * •?**-->°
Kiports   received   fn>m   Organizer,
Literature Agent and Committees.
c»in. Pritchard appointed Chairman
•"" next Sunday night's propaganda
meeting. Organizer instructed te> re-
. "["ent Com. Bird to bc thc Speaker of
I the evening. Nelson unanimously
"■"ruinated as place of Convention,
Meeting to be held at Gibson's Land-
""i* next Sunday, 2 p.m. Fare for
found trip to be $100. Provincial
Executive requested to arrange to
nave the  Provincial  OrganixeT go if
Financial Report. .
J-Election, July wild   ■___
Literature  Sales     ••00
lines    3-50
Thc Union Burial Association.
which is cnelorscd hy the Chicago
Federation of Labor, has made arrangements with thc only independent coffin manufacturer in that city
to obtain union-made coffins at reasonable rales. All good Chicago
union men may now be buried under
circumstances that will not cause
thetn to turn over in their coffins, or
anything like that.
Those who  suspicion    that    filthy
practices  similar to those that    have
Imade Chicago's meat industry famous
prevail   in   the ^^^^
British Columbia may have their sus-
V. \
to its very
the only one to
being able to not only point cent
danger ahead but suggest the means
whereby it may be avoided.
At Dcnnison, Tex., one of the largest raisers of small fruits for thc northern markets recently issued orders
that thc boys employed in picking
should wear muzzles to prevent their
eating thc fruit while working. The
loo bovi affected by the order inline
went on slrike. Although unci, and consequently nnaflili-
ither the American Keel-
.. Labor or the Industrial
Workers of the World, the strike was
won and thc obnoxious order cancelled. Thc fact that it was won
leads to thc conclusion that it must
have been fought from the "class
struggle standpoint rather than that
of "craft unionism."
X-CXl   __   CRAITOS
71 Ceviraraiit Uriel, Vktirli, I. C
ated  with
eration  "f
picions rcmo
the cannery owners.
s.ilnion  canneries
a may
veil by merely ringing up
Doctor!' U"'0'" of France at a
decided   that    thc
the non-union
• education of thc
means is not un-
A trillo too much
MuilKiirtr ll
No. 8 Ceitri tt.
doctor quack is by
public."    Even thu
attended by danger ...,„«,„,.
of   education might tend to cotWlgfl
the whole bunch, both union.and non
union, to cddivi.Miale.ng w.l     'Hirn
lire  outfit oi wise looks, pills, |>ow
tiers and potions.
what the Party Is dolm? on the Pacific
Coast  of  the  United  States,
528 Teleprnpli Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"Fen- the Soclnllat Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ton weeks. Ion oont«; ono your, 50 CtSe
Victoria Representative for the
Hearst publication!, a-s follows: San
I'riuK-lse-o F.xunilnor, l.os Angeles Examiner, Chicago American, New York
American, Boston American; 1 Ionic
mill Farm Weekly. Chicago; Cosmopolitan Magazine, New York.
Also agent for the following:
Seattle TCrnes, Portland Oregonian.
San Francisco Chronicle, Los Angeles
Prompt and regular dally delivery
service to subscribers.
Advertisements of every description
taken for any newspaper.
SEND FOR SAMPLE COPY P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
United Hatters of North America
When you arc buying a PUR HAT see to lt
that the Genuine Union Isabel Is sewed In Iti H
a retailer has looae labels in his possession and
offers to put one ln a hat for you. do not patronlae
him. Loose labels In retail stores are counterfelta.
The genuine Union Label la perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as I posing** stamp. Counterfeits are some times pel (orated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOl lilT. lYeHldent. Orange, N. J.
MAKTIN LeAWIiOll, See-retnry, tl Wuverly riac*\
New York.
*, M
i I
IN '
h :
V I'j
9        smted by R. P. PHH-nPIRCB. to whom .11 oorreepomlence for thla department ahould be «Wrc_»ed.        J
The Socialists of Georgia have nominated Comrade J. B. Osborne as candidate  for governor of    that    State.
Many comrades in the western end of
the province who enjoyed the speeches
delivered by Osborne when here some
two years ago will be pleased to hear
of his continued activity in the movement.      The following clipped from
the colmuns of "The Socialist Voice,"
of Oakland, Cal., and addressed to the
editor   of   that   paper,   clearly   shows
that "J. B." is still alive and active
Atlanta, Ga., June 2b, ic*o6.
Editor of Socialist Voice: 1    have
been here in the South now for something over two months and have devoted considerable time to studying economic conditions here, also tlie condition of the Socialist movement   in the
South.     My observation covers Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Missippi, Alabama, George and South Carolina.
I had not been in the "South for ten
years until this trip, and the progress
of the capitalistic develop........ is even
greater than I anticipated, and perhaps in no other part of the world has
the economic revolution of capitalism
been more rapid and complete than
here in the South.
Forty odd y.ears ago the South was
merely an agrarian country. No shops
mil'- mines or factories, and the
neopje almost entirely occupied in
farming or the professions, and the
agricultural interest of these Southern farmers not only controlled the
South, but dominated the economic
and political life of America.
Today this is all changed. Mills,
mines, shops and factories are numerous everywhere. Gold, coal and iron
mining, blast furnaces and the steel
industries are developing rapidly. The
invention and increased use of farming machinery, together with the fact
that the wages offered in the city
were higher than what was offered on
the farms, correspondingly decreased
the farm population and increased the
southern cities. Cotton factories are
multiplying very rapidly, almost every little town having a factory.
This economic revolution having
changed the basis of society in the
south from agrarian to capitalist, of
course -it an end to the rule of the
farmer. He has not been excluded
from the national capital, but his voice
has been silenced throughout the
South, and the rule of the trader, the
merchant and the manufacturer now
reigns supreme here as elsewhere.
Rise of the Proletaire.
This transformation of the South
from an agricultural to a manufacturing country has of course produced a
proletariat, but the transformation has
been so rapid that the proletarian
mind has not been able to keep pace
with, or adjust itself to this rapid
economic development, as it has done
in other sections, where capitalist development has not progressed so rapidly.
Consequently the socialist movement in the South is numerically weak
and does not present the same solidarity and discipline as in other sections, but however there is a growing
development of class-conscious among
the working class everywhere
throughout the South.
There is a higher wage paid here
now than ten years ago, and the standard of life has correspondingly raised
Ten years ago the wages of carpenters, painters and others would average from $i.So to $1.75 a day. The
average wages in these trades now is
from $2.50 to $3 a day. The work
day is nine hours now instead of ten.
The wages of a negro farm laborer
ten years ago was $7 jcr month with
rations, consisting of a peck of meal,
three pounds of meat and a pint of
molasses. The same laborer today
receives from $12 to $15 a month with
no reduction in rations.
We have organized three new locals here in Georgia in the last month,
one in Augusta, where they organized with seventeen members and now
have over FORTY. We are entering
unon the first State campaign of the
Socialist Party in Georgia.
To my mind the South is by all
odds the most important territory for
a Socialist propaganda and organization at the present time, and for
our national party to neglect this
territory seems to me to be suicidal
to the whole movement.
In the first place there is less general liberalism here than elsewhere.
The negro population especially is
extremely superstitious and credulous, ana the South altogether is by
all odds'the most conservative and
orthodox portion of America, and as
our Movement developes here thc opposition to it and persecution of it
will be more intense and bitter than
anywhere else in the world.
I believe the national committee
should devote especial attention to the
South for some time to come, and
the well organized States of the North
and West should acquiesce in this and
be willing to make some apparent sacrifice to this end.
An Interesting Parallel. •
When the French revolutionists
had conquered the political power and
had expelled the previous rulers, these
previous rulers went south and there
organized their army, marched back
to Paris and recaptured what they had
lost. The same condition evisls in
the United States today. The South
today is the bulwark of capitalism,
and it is here that the forces exist
for the undermining and making futile any success of our comrades else
where. The permanent success and
progres of our movement elsewhere
will depend upon the devclodment
of the movement in the South,
and 1 will suggest that at the
close of the coining campaign our
national organization devote most of
its propaganda and organizational resources to thc South. The arranging
of an occasional lecture tour through
the South, no matter how able the
lecturer may bc, will not do the work.
An organizer needs two or three
months time in any Southern State,
and will not bc able to make his expenses This work in the South must
be doiie, and could be done best by
Southern men, and I believe they
can   be   found.      Fraternally   yours,
(Candidate for Governor of Georgia.)
Comrade Lloyd Tefllt the Legislative
Voters' League ne needs All His
Time and Cash to Propagate Socialism.
The following letter from the Legislative Voters' League to Comrade
Lloyd and his reply thereto need no
comment. They tell their own story
in language too plain to be misunderstood:
Chicago, July 9. If"***?.
Mr.   William     Bross    Lloyd,   Unity
building,  Chicago:
Dear Sir.—-The campaign of the
Legislative Voters' League is open.
He ever there was a time when Cook
county needed to be represented rather than misrepresented in the Legislature it is now, and your financial
support is earnestly solicited.
While it is important that the city
council be kept at a high standard,
we must purify the fountain head
(the legislature) before we can compel
good government. This is especially
important from the fact that the legislation to be enacted at th next session of he general assembly will deal
with the new city charter.
All believers in good government can
contribute somehing, some more and
some less, and whatever you can see
your way clear to subscribe will be
Please send your subscriptions to
Frank H. Jones, treasurer, Room 32,
92 La Salle street, at as early a day as
By order of the finance committee.
On the banks of the Mernmac river, at South Lawrence, Mass., the
American Woollen Company is building a mill which makes most either
buildings seem small in comparison.
This one mill is 1.900 feet, considerably over a third of a mile—-in length.
It has a width of 150 feet, is six
stories in height and will cost $3.5*-**V
This mill will give employment to
6,000 persons, and to save the time
and strength of the thousands who
will be employed on the upper floors
elevators will be provided which will
lift 4,000 of them to fourth, fifth and
sixth stories in five minutes. Engines
of 10,000 horse-power will actuate the
machinery, all transmission of power
being by electricity—Hartford Times.
""Give employment" is good. The
6,000 employed will also give. They
will give their lives to the owners of
the mill in the shape of surplus value
of profit. Just because that mill is
capital, i. e., means of exploiting labor, it will grind the bodies of men,
women and children into still further
profits for the band of capitalists
known as the American Woollen Co.,
who have acquired this capital, as
have all other capitalists, by thc same
detestable process. This mill will
give nothing to the 6,000 persons cm-
ployed. It will, however, afford to
its owner thc opportunity of seizing
the products of their labor, in return
for which they will get merely what
their labor-power will fetch as a commodity in the market. The erection
of this mill is but the erection of another slave-pen in which slaves will
be slaughtered for the further enrichment and glorification of masters.
United    State.
laws of the State in the -**'«* ,
these comrades and m pronouncing
them guilty before trial; and
Whereas, the governor of this
State has again and Sgsln dee Uriel
Mover, Haywood and Pettibone guilty
of the murder of Governor St«U*.en-
berg and thereby violated lhe lav. nl
the State which he has taken his olli-
cial oath to uphold, which says a
defendant in criminal action is presumed Imtocent until the contrary is
proved"; and
Whereas, the judge of the seventh
judicial district has refused to try
the case at thc second term of court,
which is contrary to the law which
allows thc defendants "speedy trial ,
Whereas, bail has been refused
these comrades, though the law holds
that persons accused of capital ot-
ftnses may be released on bail unless
the presumption ai to their guilt is
great; and
Wheras the evidenct in this case
is that of self-confessed criminals,
which no right-minded man should
consider, and is therefore insufficient
to make the presumption of guilt
great; and
Whereas, the Republican party has
stood for this condition of lawlessness and anarchy through its officials
and its press; and
Whereas, the Democratic party by
silence in one of thc greatest struggles between capital and labor in the
country's history has allied itself
with the capitalist class and against
the working class: and
Whereas, while greatly deploring
the assassination of ex-Governor
Steunenberg, and declaring it one of
the most heinous crimes of the present day, and desiring that the man or
men who perpetrated it should suffer for their crime; yet, the Socialist
porty is thc only party that has stood
by the working class and has insisted
that the laws of the State and of the
United States should bc obeyed;
therefore bc it
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
Cor. Abbott CD. Cordova SU. Old Cos. Building,
Little Compton, R. L., July 14, 1906.
Legislative Voters' League,   Chicago,
Gentlemen: I cordially agree with
you that Cook county needs to be represented rather than misrepresented
as at present, but inasmuch as I apprehend that your aim is to elect legislators who will represent thc interests of the capitalist class of Cook
county I decline to contribute anything to your organization.
I care nohing for good government
of the sort you mean to institute. The
bad government you seek 1,0 prevent
suits me just exactly as well. As near
as I can make out after considerable
study of your organization, its sole
aim and its idea of good government
is to prevent one set of robbers—the'
boodlers—from preying upon another
set—the capitalist class, and their creatures, the corporations. It has been
found cheaper to own than to buy,
and your aim is to elect to the legislature clean, honest business men—if
I may be permitted to use such a paradoxical expression—who, without being bought, will represent the "system" and the "interests."
I care nothing for such a petty
and useless reform. It is of no
interest whatever to the working
class. They have no property and
consequently no interests to be represented by such men as you wo_ld
seek to elect by endorsement. I am
only interested in my own welfare and
that of the working class. The capitalist can take care of his own troubles without help from me.
The Socialist party is the only political organization in any way—let alone
adequately—seeking to care for the
interests of the working class, and I
therefore give to that party all my
spare time and cash.
Yours for the revolution.
—Chicago Socialist.
Comrade A. M. Simons in the In-
ternaional review remarks that "with
little beyond a voice and a strong pair
of lungs as capital, William Jennings
Bryan shot into the public vision, and
the nomination for the presidency
through a single speech in 1896." The
comrade is guilty of an error and a
most glaring one at that. He should
have said with nothing beyond a voice,
etc. It should be the first consideration of a Socialist to be absolutely accurate in his statements.
A prominent New York merchant
recently said: "I believe business morals arc better than ever before and
are steadily improving." Judging
from current happenings in insurance, railway, meat packing and other lines of business methods there is
still room for some slight improvement.
—————o—    ■
Five respectable citizens of Toledo,
Ohio, have been imprisoned for forming an ice trust. We offer this as a
warning that no disreputable printers
who may organize a job trust need
expect any mercy at our hands.—Los
Angeles Times please copy.
By nominating William D. Haywood for Governor of that State the
Socialists of Colorado made a most
fitting reply to the ruling class brutally expressed in thc arrest of Haywood and his comrades and their incarceration in the Idaho prison. . No
more commendable action could bc
taken by thc victims of class rule than
the expressed determination to break
their chains and the carrying out of
that determination by consigning, as
speedily as possible, their rulers and
their brutal practices to oblivion,
where all vile things belong. In common with their comrades the world
over the Socialists of Colorado arc
possessed of that determination, and
they evidently know how to go about
it to make good.
It is a pleasure to record that the
Socialists of Idaho are awake to a
icalization of the task in hind and
arc determined to do their shire in
its accomplishment. The infamies
practiced upon themselves and their
fellow workers by the brutal and conscienceless mine owners, through
their thugs, official and ynofficial, has
enthused these Idaho comrades with
renewed zeal for the cause that means
the emancipation of labor from the
thraldom of--capitalist exploitation. A
full State ticket has been put up for
the fall election, and the open dcclar-
aion made that thc working class of
Idaho purposes to take possession of
the State government and use it in
their own interest regardless of thc
wishes of mine owenrs or other types
of thc captalist brigand. In the
great class struggle that is approaching, the struggle upon thc part of labor to attain economic freedom, and
upon the part of capital to prevent it,
the western proletariat will lead in
the battle on this western continent.
Not having been so completely ground
own to a condition of absolute misery
meekness and docility, they are more
quickly responsive to the touch of the
revolutionary spark; their enthusiasm
for liberty has not been so completely
quenched/ the spirit of resistance to
and rebellion against tyranny and oppression is still strong within them
and ready to break forth in action
when the hour strikes.
The attention of the comrades everywhere will be centered upon the
States of Colorado and Idaho during
the next few months. That the comrades of those States intend to acquit themselves well is evident from
the action already take and the
course they are pursuing.
The following resolutions, passed by
the Socialist party, which we clip from
"The Socialist," have an unpleasant
ring to the ear of the unscrupulous
gang that now rules that State. In
connection with the action already taken by the Colorado comrades, they
make fitting reply to the dastardly insult flung at the working class in thc
outrage perpetrated upon our imprisoned comrades:
Whereas, the great fight between
capital and labor as illustrated by the
Resolved, that the Socialist party
of the State of Idaho in convention
assembled reaffirms the principles of
the international Socialist movement;
that the supreme issue is thc conquest
by thc working class, the wealth producers, of all the powers of govern
ment, which alone can abolish class
tule and emancipate the producing
class; and be it further
Resolved, that in view of the fact
that the Socialist party confronts a
campaign, the results of which will
be significant all over the world,
that we call upon thc working class to
unite at the ballot box and cast a
vote which will effect their own
emancipation and give economic and
individual freedom to all.
Editor Western Clarion: Thc articles from thc pen of Comrade Austin
Lewis re his recent trip through British Columbia, and the articles con
tributcd from different sources re thc
work of our Socialist M. P. I'., Com-
radc Hawthornthwaite, arc so interesting that I am Inspired to, in my
awkward way, scrawl a few more
lines in reference to my little organizing trip through a part of Ontario.
While in Ottawa a few of us Socialists, together with some sympathizers and acquaintances, met at the
home of one of our comrades on a
Sunday afternoon for the purpose of
discussing that which is attracting
the attention of nearly every thoughtful man and woman throughout the
length and breadth of the capitalist
world today, i. e., the Socialist movement. One French lady from the
city of Paris, and who evidently belonged to the middle class, was present. The French middle class, it
seems, have little love for thc ruling
class, and, as a rule, arc in sympathy
ith any reorm movement that may
spring up. Before they arrive at an
understanding of the revolutionary
character of the Socialist movement
they mistake it for a reform. It appears that such was the case with this
.lady and her friends at thc time she
left Paris, for on an occasion previous
to our meeting she had expressed herself as in sympathy with the Socialist
movement. In thc meantime, however, thc anti-religious riots were on
in Paris, and the capitalist press, along
with their other means of influencing
public opinion, were trying to put the
Socialists in bad odor by attributing
these riots to them, and thc lady had
received letters from Paris to the
same effect, i. c, that the Socialists
were responsible for the riots. For
several minutes she stormed our
little gathering with charges and protests against the Socialist movement.
She concluded by saying: "It is simply this: they have nothing, you have
something and they want to take it
from you, However necessary it
may be for a working class movement
in such countries as France and Germany, there_ is no need for such a
movement in Canada. Here thc
working class are free. My maid,
for instance, would waste all of her
time if I didn't watch her."
Here she was interrupted by a comrade, who said: "Hold on a minute,
madam; let me have a chance. You
know I have a much better job than
the average fellow. I am a mineralogist and civil engineer. I work for
the Dominion government. Some
time since a fellow-workman was sent
out to one of the territories" to report
on a certain district. Certain capitalists claimed to have mineral in this
district and they wanted the government to endorse their claim in order
to better enable them to slough it off
profitably. The party sent out to examine the district in question was unable to find what thc capitalists professed to have and reported accordingly. The representative from the
territories, from his place in the house,
denounced the report and its author,
declared the former to be false and he
latter to be trying to do the country
harm.     Thc government took    the
statement of this ignorant politician,
who knew nothing of mineralogy e>r
civil engineering, aud without any
further investigation not only discharged the outhor of Ihe report, but
practically kicked him out like a dirty
dog. And I, his fellow-workman,
who had worked with hnn lor years,
knew that while he might be mistaken,
still hc was perfectly honest in making his report. But we dare not My
so. W« «larc not express sympathy
for him lest wc, texi. be kicked out
like dirty dogs. Not only thai, but
what docs this act say to us? It says
that after this, when you are sent out
to survc- a district, before you send
in your report ascertain the require-
'nicnts of thc capitalists interested and
report accordingly, or be kicked e.ut
of your employment like a dirty cur
Tn think thai I dare not say that this
fellow-workman was honest and sincere, however mistaken he miifhl have
been; that I couldn't be even a little
bit of ■ man. but had to "lay thc part
of a cringing cur: it made mc see mad
that I fell like blowing some se,n of .1
gun's head off."
Our French lady looked horrified
and turned to thc speaker's wife with
a look upon her fare that seemed Jo
say: "You ought to take your btuband
10 task for using such language." But
(he wife responded thusly: "Yes. in
deed: not only is it enough to make
a person feel like blowing someone'*
head off. but it is actually enough t-
cause one to do it."
It   struck   mc  lhat   in   thc  account
given by thc comrade could he feinm!
a  most   sinking  illustration    of    thc 1
position of thc wage-worker in meed- j
crn society, whether working for thc |
government   elirect,   which   i«   merely \
working for the executive head e>f all j
the capilalist concerns,    or    whether J
working   for  individual  capitalists   or j
concerns.     They dare not he men for j
fear of  losing  the  employment  upon
which  heir lives depend       To secure j
their miserable wages they must play i
the part of cringing curs.
This is Our
without reservation 0f say kj«
Tho choice of hundreds of men'tl
(■•rtil.v tailor-*! n.n'1 lunldr-s^y im\
ionitti $15 to *'-"'' Mulls tor
Full ar.d complete lines |D i!rno*|
every slylo — garments lira etn\
maile to nrl! at ulmu ' ul t \k\
prices now a*tWl for tbem art ben
In a profusion of *tykn and Ulria. I
Newer before was our claim, "ff j
gfv© motel lor your money," vnAw
Iv  demonstrated.
III Cwtftvt tint)
♦+»•>♦♦♦♦«♦♦♦•»•> MMHIIIHl
Second Hand Oealer
Cook Stoves and Took I
We buy and ■ -ll alt Moet« et
■crap rnotal. ole! m.e hncrj.
r;iljt>e*r,   sacks,   bottle**, etc.
Combcrmere, Ont., July _*>, i«jn/i.
Thc   Russian    members   of   parlia
ment who refused to sign the address
to the country issued at Viborg, Finland, July  2X got  out  an  adelrc***-  e,f
their eewn railing upon the people to i Sanitary  Experts.    Plumbing lti\
submit  quietly Jo  the  Cxar t  decree   „„ bnUM.he9<       Kstlmut.s lur_l_*l
dissolving  thc   Dounta,  and   proceed
ind i_8 1 "''••'•
Hardware, Junk and Furniture.
'MMM 1171
Vucaivr, 1.1
Telephone MM.
to get ready for thc election of a mw I *****% •«•*»***• connection..
parliament. In this address tlu-y
laid particular stress upon the fact
that "resistance with force not only
give*! an enormous number of sacrifices but will also bring Holy Rimia
to economic and political ruin." "Holy
Russia" is good. Quite appropriate;
quite appropriate.
IU VCfiWMTCII ML, mtn** ***\
The Central Federated Union of
New York has requested that union
stonecutters only be employed on
thc great Cathfaral of St. John the
Divine, which is being built in that
city. As the principle of unionism is
"each for all and all for each," except thc scab, and the doctrine of the
fourth is "heaven for all," except/
those who go to the other place, this
••triking kinship of faith ought to
prove a potent factor in making amicable arrangements about a few jobs
pounding rock .
First CImm liar.        Excellent  I loom*.
enU F**r
Slnitlo    epptmt,   i   «'''nt,:  '
copied,  25 cents:   It O0plf*.„
cents.;   40     copies.   H.W!
copies  and   over,
These rules In0|ud« i""'1*'"'
to any part of Canada of t*
I'Mite-.l KliiKclom.
"The Western Clarion
Priees Modert-U*.
listed Marie Hoots nn<l Sh.*» <" **fJL*
sit styles. Krpsiilii-i premplj) " '" ,a,
ly clone,     mock   of st_pl«  "'">
Slices slWSy '"' '"""'    _ _ Jt
Mint Wffl
1451 Wtstnlnttr Ave.
In The Good Old Summer Time
WIVES NEED as much relief as possible from thc drudgery <*
HUSBANDS NEED well cooked, dainty meals.     With n J***** ■«£
the kitchen part  of the  housework is practically cut i" ■•■*"•
should make somebody happy.
Telephone 31 and we will send our representative to giv V01
estimate of the coit, .
Vancouver Gas Company, --••*


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