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The Western Clarion Apr 7, 1906

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 i-v
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Is**? •
THE  WESTERN  CLARION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Taw ••
NUMBS
367.
VANCOUVER,    BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,     APRIL 7,  1906.
•ataorlpttoe Price
Pn Vats
11.10
THE MIGHTY EMPIRt OF STEEL
With Hi Well-Drilled Amy of 180,000 Men and Net Revenue
of $110,000,000 tho Unites States Steel Corporation
Heads the List o. Industrial Empires.
Mont  p****P*--    understand    that    the   suming the normal rate of Interest to
United States Steel Corporation Is an
institution nf considerable else, but
any who are Incredulous on thut subject may have their doubts dispelled
by rending the company's annual report, Issued on March 1«.
The assets of the Steel Corporation
nre stnted at $l.S3'i',Hll,2!»7 almost en-
tmgh to pay the bonded national debt
of tin* l.'nlted States twice over.
The company'a gross earnings for
the year were |6sf>,131,736, which Is
more th.ui the entire ordinary annual
revenue of the United Stutes Government. Its net earnings were flllt,-
7K7.6&R— enough to pay the combined
iill.man. es of all the sovereigns of
Europe three times over.
The employees of the trust number
IKO.ir.H-three times the strength of the
United States army. These men represent a population, Including worn, n and children, of about 800,00V.
Thus the people directly dependent upon wage* |-ald by the Steel Cor'tora-
tIon. not counting those Indirectly dependent through the trade of the employees, would make a city larger
than any tn North America except
New York, Chicago or Philadelphia,
and would outnumber the whole population of the States of Montana. Wyoming, Idaho and Nevada combined.
Tat those States have eight I'nlted
Mates genataca. while the steel Corporation has none of ils OWtl, although
It may have an undivided Interest In
several.
The Steel Trust's production of Iron
or« last year amounted to U,44li.&6«
tons, which Is far In excess of the output of any country In the world except
the German Empire, and Is not far
short of Germany's.
The Steel Corporation produced 10,-
172.1411 tons of Iron In 1W6. which is
more than the total production of Germany In 1MM, nearly a fourth more
than that of Great Britain, and Just
about as much as that of all the rest
of the world combined.
lu stiel the Corporation's lead was
still greater. It produced ll.yK.2St
tons of steel bullets and }.£26.SK6 ton*
of finished steel product*. In each
ia*e this output waa far ahead of that
of either Germany or Great Britain
and fur beyond that of all the other
countries of the world put together.
Tbe United States Steel Corporation
- a single combination of American
capitalists--produces about one-sixth
of all the Irone ore. one-fifth of all
the pig Iron, and between a third an.l
a fourth of all the steel turned out In
the whole world.—Collier*.
Whnt a splendid Instance of capital-
is! property tn an advanced stage of
development. What an excellent opportunity ls hereby afforded to study
It In ull Its naked reality, to fathom
Its purpose and lay bare Its hitherto
hidden significance. In its net earning* of approximately tlSO.000.000 and
Ita army of 180,000 employee*, there
He* a story that If told In all of tt*
harrowing details would be but a recount of the horrors, the sufferings,
the miseries and the agony that
hu* made of the earth a worse than
inferno since Ihe shackles were rlvet-
*"il upon the first human slave.
1110.000 workmen produced lu one
year the stupenduuus amount of
wealth expressed by Ihe sum of
1120,000.000, over and above the nmoiint
they received In the shape of wages
They produced that amount of wealth
for which they received no return
whatever. They simply coined their
very lives Into that much Iron and
steel for nothing. Whether their waxes amounted to Just enough to keep
them tn working condition, or whether
they were sufficient to enable them to
lay by something for a rainy day, the
fact still remains that each Individual
workman waa compelled to surrender
his life force to the Steel Corporation
In the form of wealth to the value of
WI0, nnd for which he received not a
fnrihlng In return. No chattel slave
cvor driven under the lash was able to
bring to his master a richer rewurd.
All there ever was, is, or enn be In
human slavery Is masked beneath thi*
process of so-called "free labor." Thc
"lave muster la hidden behind the
mnsk of capital, the alave behind that
of wages.
The assets of the Steel Corporation
are stated at more than $ 1.600,ono,-
000. The reason for this valuation
I* not far to aeek. A little figuring
will ahow that the net earnings n*
given will amount to very nearly 8
Per cent, upon this stupendous valuation.   Aa a capitalist Investment, ns-
be H per cent, the property of the
Steel Corporation would approximate
in value cluaely to the figure given.
At first glance this vulue appears to
rest In the real and personal properly of the concern. Hut as the 180,-
000 workmen produce the wealth out
of which their wages an- paid und tin
11-.'ii.mm.niin of net ear.ilngs realised.
It Is us plain us a pike-stuff (hut the
value rests entirely In the workmen
whose services the Steel Corporation
was able to command because of Its
ownership of the furnaces. mills.
etc, necessary to the carrying on of
the Iron and steel Industry, The
ownership of these things merely
enabled the Corporation to command
labor, thc- economic organisation, would l .position they now occupy In present
still be In existence and every man at j society; when they have firmly grasp-
hls post. The ore would still come ' ed the significance of that which Is
from the mine, pass Into the furnace ! set forth In the reports of the Steel
and mill and come forth as the steel j Corporation and kindred concerns; in
Ingot. The owners, as owners, take ! fact, when they have become suf-
no part In production. In so far as j ficiently indoctrinated with revolutionary ideas, they will speedily take the ac
ute carrying-on of industry Is concern
ed ll Is of no consequence whether
they continue to live or drop dead In
their tracks.   The workers alone carry
lion necessary to oust the capitalist
owners from their control of Industry
and    the    economic,    organization    of
on industry, through the economic or- j labor, and place lt,  where it properly
garilzntlon   that   has  been   created   by j belongs,  ln  the  hands of the  working
clnss themselves.    This will mark the
the machinery of production Itself.
More properly speaking they are but
parts of the one thing. The one could
neither exist nor operate without the
olher.
When the members of this economic
organisation become thoroughly Imbued   with   an   understanding   of   the
end of capitalist exploitation, the end of
human slavery. Henceforth the wealth.
produced by labor will belong to those
who do the work. There will be no
more capitalist concerns to make annual boast of the amount of swag they
have plundered from those who produced lt.
ON THE HISTORY OF SLAVERY
Shewing How Humanity it Guided by the Necessities of Production and Not hy Ideas of Justice-Chattel Slavery,
Feudal Serfdom and Wage Servitude.
SOCIALISM AND THE WEALTHY CLASSED
i J. Iii uie Glasier in London Labor i tion, like the capitalists thenpelves.
Leader.) There ls no magic that we possess, or
"ur labor members who go to parlla- know of, that can surpass the might
the power to produce values In ex- j *-*•*—< for the first lime will have a new of the law of social progress that*made
change,  that lies solely in the bodies g* ****** *?]-*J<*ri«--ce-    The>* w"* ■***» .th*"- ---• **• ****-- we ftre-   We cannot
of working people. The title deeds
to Its furnaces, mills, mine*', etc., are.
therefore, merely evidences of the
Hteei Corporation's ownership of a
sufficient number of human chattels
to carry on Ita operations.    The t-upl-
brought   face  to  face     night  and  day
with the richest men In Britain.   They
win have to speak and vote constantly {fight these very men!
I'lllKittloii  of  this  and   all  other  con-
against the opinions of these rich men.
-et they will have to associate in some
sort of a personal way with them as
fellow men aad fellow representatlvea,
nigh twelve hours each day.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ A somewhat terrible ordeal, truly,
cerns is bused solely upon Its power for those labor members who possess
to  cnrnmiMil  the  eervtnes of human i Socialist imagination at all!
slaves  In  the  procea*  of  wealth   pro- !    Tlure '" frorl1 ot them and flll,n« tbe
| opposition beiK lies above them, are the
d,"'tl0"" 'men who own  well-night half the in
stated that jdustrle* of the country—the gfcs-at ship-
Steel : ping,  iron, coal  and cotton magnates.
It has been somewhere
tha stocks and bonds of the
Corporation ar.' held by something
like It.SOt different j*. rsou*. If this
be true, and the Ownership were
divided equally among them, il would
mean   thut  em h   one  of  these  owners
the capitalists pur excellence against
wnom for years at street corners, on
market places, and ln hulls, the
Socialist members have fulminated with
so much zest and amid so much applause!    There  they are—these glossy-
drew down about U.M0. ... his por tlor. I hl,,1''!'    H"Uk    a"<i    T"    *-entlem*n'
.   . young and old. tail and short, lean and
of the plunder sweated  from the con- *^^^^^^^^^^^m^^^^^^^^^^^^^
.ems    army    of    1*0,000    *luves.    This
would place each individual owner of
sto.k in the concern in the position cf
an owner uf very nearly six slaves who
were so prolific In the matter of producing wealth that each contributed
over MOO during the year to his muster.
presumably   as   B   reward   fur  thc-   lat-
fut, keen-looking and dull-looking, ex-
ceedingiy clever and half-idiotic,
grossly (omnierclal and highly aristocrat l«. champions of the vested Interests of Great Britain! These are the
very men in the ttesh against whom
are all our trade unionism, our strikes
and our allegations of usuriousness,
sweat Ing nnd class injustice.
Boon,   however,   our  young  Socialist
Kverybody ut all familiar with the
makeup of large capitalist concern*
knows full well that control Is. a* a
rule, held by a limited number of
capitalists who hold a majority of the
sloik. and thus druw down the larg.r
portion of the net earnings, or, more
properly speaking, surplus swag. For
this reason much of the swag remnlns
Intact ready to be thrown out as new
or additional capital and thus Increasing the number of slaves these eminently respectable capitalist worthies
«re enabled to chain to their charlo*.
wheels.
As the Steel t'l.rporatloll Is a splendid exemplification of the power of
capital to command the services of
labor uud seize its product. It affords
tn equally valuable -lustration of the
efficiency as well as Iron-clad nul ure
of   economic    organization    under   th*)
rule of capitalist  property,    Here  wi
find a vast army of workmen mnrshiil-
led into a huge economic force, ami
bound together by bonds Ihey cannot
break. To desert their post, or refrain from performing their allot led
shure In the process of wealth production would mean (o lose their sustenance, and unless ihey speedily renewed
Ihelr allegiance to the economic or-
ganlsatlon, their life us a consequence.
If a slave of the steel corporation
break nwity from ils ll nimble*, hit
necessities Will speedily i .impel him to
either return or seek admission to the
slave   pens  of  some    other    capitalist
concern. He cannot permanently forswear allegiance to the economic organisation that Is made Imperative because of the modern Implements of
production. This organization will admit of no traitors In the ranks of the
proletariat.
The organisation of labor In wealth
production, I. a economic organization, becomes more perfect nnd complete ns the mnchlnery nf product Ion
becomes more complex, powerful mill
highly developed. The more complete
becomes the division nnd sub-dlvislnii
of lnbor beeiiuse of the advent of more
complex and powerful machines, the
more Iron-clad becomes the economic
organisation nnd  Iho  more Impossible
for the individual workman to violate
Its mnndntr- with safety  to himself.
Thc ownership of the steel corporation might push to other hands times
without number, nnd yet a wheel
would not stop. Bvery present owner
might drop dead In his trucks nt i
given Instant, but it would nol Interfere with the operation of the Industry  in  the least.    The organlziilon of
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ neophytes  ln   parliament   will  discover
ter's "thrift, industry and abstinence."   that these capitalists whom they have
I often described In terrible diatribes
I are by no means such grim and in-
! human monsters as their deeds might
S Imply them to be. Hidden within
their   capitalist   clothe*    and    money-
n-aking masks they will discover in
these men no specially selfish or hardhearted   character.    They    may   even
bring   Socialism   as    a    dream   in   a
sleep.   We must toil and fight for it—
The Kingdom of Heaven suffereth
violence, and the violent take It by
force. We must conquer the kingdom
of Socialism with our own hearts and
hands.
What else have we sent the Socialists into parliament for but to begin
the task and the battle of Socialism
against the power of privilege and
monopoly which these men cling to
desperately? And fierce that fight will
yet be. with flashing eyes and accusations that will cut like swords.
Not, as we have said, because Socialism doe* not appeal to their better
selves; but because the rich, like the
poor, cannot yield up their possession!
for a dream.
Only when we have brought Socialism quite out of the region of dreams—
when we have created enough Socialism to assure the rich that they will
gain more than lose by Socialism, can
we hope that many, except the idealists, among them wtll rank themselves
on our side.
Yet if we could Indeed hope that tn
immediate years to come tbe light of
Socialism would Illumine the utmost
recesses of rich men's hearts, they
might see how great the gain of our
cause would be to them also. For the
lives of the rich are perhaps even less
Intellectual, as they are certainly less
noble, with all their art and means of
knowledge and leisure about them,
than are the lives of the poor.
Beyond a certain amount of expenditure, all that the rich spend upon
themselves is wasted in mere superfluity that brings them no addition to
find some of the richest knaves among j health or pleasure. The more super-
them quite unaffectedly simple and abundant their tables the more Jaded
even chummv sort of men. They may i and dissatisfied becomes their appetite.
ecandg las-llic erwspe akeyW cjust-o The more easy It Is to buy pictures, or
almost to their horror, find that some . horses, or motor cars, their purchases
of the most notorious financiers of the bring them diminishing pleasure. Who
house will be ready to profess over ls fool enough to bellve that the pos-
iheir whisky glasses, maybe, no little j session of the whole world would make
sympathy with the alms of labor and
the Ideal* of Socialism!
And. therefore, we may quote here a
saying worthy of some acceptation—
It is the comment of the great Scottish
Ironmaster, made many years ago to a
Socialist nt the conclusion of a Socialist lecture;
"If you could give me complete
Socialism to-morrow—the Socialism of
William Morris—you might take from
me all 1 possess."
Ay. If only we could do lhat, we
could be magicians indeed! we are only
ordinary  men.  the products of evolu-
any man half as happy as the man
who possesses nothing but what he
can use for himself and family in the
reach and purpose of his everyday life?
There is enough wealth, or meana of
creating enough wealth, to give every
one in the land every means of satisy-
ing his every true need and desire.
Socialism is the hope of all—of the
rich no less than the poor. The poor
are in chains of Iron, the rich are In
chains of gold; but their chains are
linked together. Once the chains of the
poor nre broken, the rich shall also be
made free.
ANTI-MILITARY MOVEMENT IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
The iintl-milltarlBt movement In
Tails has presented a new- phase. In
a recent number of the "Volx du
PSUple" there Is an article on "Le Sou
du Uoldat" t'The Soldier's i-utum-e").
whieh explains that the labor organi-
iiili.His have opened funds for send-
ini* money i.. all soldiers serving their
time who are member* of the union.
The article reminds soldiers that the
labor exchanges are hospitable to
soldiers; ihelr libraries, reading rooms,
and classes are largely open to them,
and I here are some of the exchange*!
which provide writing paper and
Stamp**1 free to soldiera
As this article followed one In
which young soldiers were advised, lf
war shoulr break out, to desert the
colors, rather thnn give their blood or
sheil that of other workingmen In the
sei vice of the capitalists, the "Volx
du peuple", whose circulation hns suddenly risen from 10,000 to 75,000, has
been seized hy the jnillce.
The French Minister of Justice hnB
announced hi* intention to prosecute
the 8,800 persons who signed the recent anti-military appeal.
ship." Swiss comrades will only take
up the task with so much more vigor,
and Dr. Toller, one of the editors of
"Volksrecht", has announced that, us
a Swiss citizen, he is ready to take all
responsibility. Not content, however,
with expelling foreigner*, tho government proposes lo reintroduce proposals, already rejected some three
year* ago by an overwhelming popular vote, to curb liberty of speech In
army matters; they hope to exploit
the patriotic sentiment of the bourgeoisie, which ls suid to have been
aroused by certain indiscreet speeches
of unti-mllltarlst* to carry proposals
now which were Impossible then.
There Is every evidence of an Increasing bitterness in the class war, and
the bourgeois and proletarian views
differ nowhere so widely as over patriotism.—The Worker.
The Swiss Federal Government hus
announced Its Intention to expel all
foreigners who take uny part In advising recruits to refuse obedience in
military service against strikers. This
Is certainly n tusk foreigners ought,
In any case, to leave to comrades who
nre liable lo service, says J. B. Askew
lu London "Justice", for ndvlec of this
kind can be effectively offered onlv by
men who can also follow It out themselves, nnd give It with a full sense
of responsibility, Hut nil said and
done, tho Swiss government Is not
likely to gain much by Its "stutesman-
In reference to the evident Intention
of the tools of the Mine-Owners' Association to railroad Moyer, Haywood
and Pettibone to the gallows the
Chlcngo "Evening American" re
marks: "But we huve not yet seen
Innocent men sent to the gallows to
oblige organised capital." The "Am
erlcan" has evidently forgotten the
Incident of the hanging of the so-
called "anarchists" In the city of
Chicago less than twenty years ago,
Four men were then u*hered Into
eternity at the behest of Chicago
capitalists, for a crime which there
was not a shred of evidence to show-
that they had any hand In whatever.
The fifth man. sentenced to be hanged, committed suicide In prison. The
"American" had belter familiarise
Itself with local history before It
makes another break.
The following is a translation from
a lecture on "Idealism and Materialism
In the conception of History,' by Paul
'Lafargue, the veteran French comrade. It ls reproduced from the Sydney, N. S. W., "People," of Jan. 27,
which-In turn clipped lt from the Edinburgh "Socialist."
Humanity is guided by the necessities of production and not by ideas
of Justice, conscious or unconscious;
and as a demonstration of this I know
of nothing more convlncig than the
history of slavery.
Slavery, according to the Idealists,
must both have been introduced by
philanthropy and abolished by philanthropy. Man must have ceased to eat
his own kind from tbe time in which
his heart began to glow with the love
of his fellow creature. ... In
reality the cessation of cannibal feasta
can only be attributed to economic
causes. At first all the tribe—children,
women and men—took part in the repasts, they ate their old relations—to
spare them the cares of age and of the
savage life, so painful for those who
have lost the vigor and elasticity of
their members! But when a sojourn
In countries abounding ln game and
fish, the breeding of cattle, and the
culture of the earth made their maintenance possible, they were left to die
their beautiful death. But the bodies
of the enemies killed on the field of
battle, and also the prisoners of war,
were still eaten.
Slavery was only Introduced when
agricultural and industrial production
was so far developed that one man's
labor could produce sufficient for his
own maintenance and something over
which could be taken possession of by
another Individual.
Savage and barbarian tribes, when
they were decimated by the Internal
struggles, adopted their prisoners of
war to fill up the gaps made in the
ranks of the warriors; they adopted
them, therefore, to turn them Into
workers. This adoption of the slave
Waa preserved even amongst civilised
people; the Greeks and Romans received their slaves as members of the
family after a religious ceremony
which took place before the family
altar. The slave gave hia name to the
family, since the word family Is derived from the word famel which
means slavery. The patriarchal
family, In fact. Is based on the slavery
Of women.
In its beginning slavery Is mild; the
slave is a companion, also a friend.
Axara, who last century lived for more
than ten years among the savage
tribes of Braxil and Paraguay, was
able to observe slavery in its budding
form.
"The M'bayas (the most warlike
tribe of Paraguay) employ," "the
Guarany's to serve them, and to cultivate their landa It ls true that this
Is a very mild kind of slavery; the
Guuranys submit to tt voluntary. The
masters give few orders, and never
use an Imperious tone. They share
everything with their slaves, even the
carnal pleasures. I have aeen a M'baya
shivering with cold allow hia Ouarany
to keep the coverlet which he had
taken to cover himself, not even let*
ting him know that he wanted It."
Slavery as painted for us In the
Odyssey, although still establishing
friendly Intercourse between maater
and slave has already lost Its primitive humane character; and in proportion as civilisation progresses, aa
philosophy enlightens mankind, aa Justice regulates the rlghta of free citizens, and as morality adorna their
vices with precepts, slavery becomes
more and more inhuman. In the most
glorious times of Rome It was Intolerable.
Nevertheless, this Inhuman Intolerable slavery was occepted by the most
idealistic philosophers. Plato introduced slaves Into his Utopian republic,
and Aristotle thought that nature
marked out certain men for servitude,
the God of the Jews and Christians assigned the race of Ham to furnlah
slaves. But the Greek thinker, unlike
Jehovah, hud a faint foresight of the
abolition of slavery when machinery
should have begun to move and accomplish of Itself the sacred labor, like
the tripods of Vulcan.
The clergy, who have learned the art
of lying from the study of theology
persistently   repeat   that    (Christianity
m
if i
abolished slavery, whilst lt waa Christianity which Introduced it into America, and which preserved It in the
ancient world. 8t. Paul sent back the
fugitive Christian slaves to their
masters, and, like 8t. Peter, 8t. Augustine and the whole sequence of saint*
of the first centuries, he Instructed
"laves to obey and faithfully aerve
their earthly masters, to deserve the
favors of their celestial master, the
protector of slave* and despots.
Slavery, which neither Philosophy
nor Christianity ever thought of combatting, and still less of suppressing,
disappeared from the time the meana
of production became sufficiently developed to make it a precarious and
expensive mode of exploiting men.
Compare the wages system with
slavery. The slave-owner must buy
the slave and sustain the losses springing from accident or from death. He
la forced to feel hia alave even when
he falls 111 or ceases to work, and to
support him ln his old age, since he
cannot UU him off like a dog. The
capitalist is freed from theee cares;
without unfastening hia puree he can
procure as many workers as he wishes,
and the wagee he gives them for the
working day corresponds almost exactly to the sum the slave-owner had
to expend on the nourishment of his
beast of burden. The omnibus companies of Pari* spend more on the
maintenance of a horse than on the
wages of a conductor, and they make
their four-footed slaves work much
less than their free wage-workers.
It is by economic reasons, and not
by sentimental and idealistic fantasies,
that it can be explained that capitalists, who exploit free men and women
so ferociously, are such ardent abolitionists of slavery.   .   .   .
An Ideal has dwelt In the human
brain for thousand of years; it Is not
an ideal of "Justice," but an ideal of
a society where there should be neither
mine nor thine, where all should be
for all, where equality and fraternity *
should be the only bonds uniting mankind. In the troubled epochs of history generous thinkers, such as Plato,
More, Campanella, have pictured this
ideal society in enchanting Utopias,
and heroes have arisen and sacrificed
themselves for Its establishment
This ideal ia no spontaneous production of the human brain; it is a reminiscence of that Golden Age, that
•iarthly Paradise, of which religions
tell us; It ls a far-off souvenir ot that
communistic epoch through which
mankind paaaed before the introduction of private property.
If the plebians and the poor of the
Greek cities failed ln their numerous
revolts against the patricians and the
rich, to introduce the community of
good*; if the popular heretical sects
of the Middle Ages failed In their repeated attempts to re-establish
equality and fraternity on earth. It
was becouse ln the time of the Gracco-
_atln decadence, as ln the last centuries of the Middle Ages, the economic phenomena were against a return to the community of goods; instead of aiding auch a return, they
destroyed the last remnants of communism and developed the elements of
bourgeois private property.
The Ideal of communism revives
with a new flame tn our intelligence;
but this ideal la no longer a reminiscence; it issues forth from reality and
ls the reflex of the economic world.
We are no Utpolana and dreamers like
the English Lollards or the plebians
of Greece: we are men of science not
Inventing societies, but disengaging
them from their capitalist conditions.
If we are communists lt Is because
we are convinced tbat the economic
fcrcee of capitalist production inevitably lead society towards communism.
If we. who are accused of creating
classes, demand, on the contrary, their
abolition, It la beeauae we know that
those necessities of production which
Imposed the division of men Into exploiting and exploited classes, are dissolved.
Aristotle, that giant of thought, predicted that when machlnea accomplished work by themselves the Free
Citizens would no longer have need oi
slaves to produce them their leisure;
if we, on our part foresee the end of
the wage-ayatem—that last form of
slavery—It la because we know that
man possesses the Iron-slave, the self-
propelling machine-tool.
Never In antiquity, never In any
epoch have the Free Cltlsens possessed
such a number of slaves.
The work of these millions of Iron
slaves, monopolised by a claaa incapable of directing and controlling them,
engenders the misery of the producers
In the midst of the extraordinary
abundance.
But when the meana of production,
wrenched from the idle and Impotent
handa of the capitalist elasa, have become the common property of aoclety,
peace and happiness will flourish again
on earth, because society wtll then
dominate ths economic forces ss already It has dominated the natural
forces; then, and then only will man
be free, because he will have then become the maater of hia social deatlny.
_
, i'i!;' i -a
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vi V
TWO
THE WISTEEN  CLARION,      VANCOUVER,   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Saturday April 7, 190*3
h Western Clarion
Saturday In tha
Interests of the working class alone
at ti* Office of the Western Clarion,
rtaek Block basement, 165 Bastings
Street. Vancouver, B. C.
et*\^*^rnr*rw>a**>*n^rnn
subscription: $r.oo per annum
Strictly ia Advance.
Yearly aubecriptloa cards ln   lots
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Advertising ratea on application.
If you receive thia paper, it is paid
lor.
all communications to
Tbe WBSTBRN CLARION
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
367
Watch thia lattal on your pa-
par. If this numbier ia on it,
your aubecriptloa expiree the
Saturday April 7,1906.
THC RED SPECTRE.
The spectre of "Socialism which began to first haunt the dreams of rulers
In some of tbe European states, as far
back as the middle of last century, has
now become a threatening terror to
the ruling class of all lands where
float the pirate flags of capitalist property. In Russia the frenzied terror of
a cut-throat autocracy Is frantically
attempting to exorcise the ghost by-
such an effusion of blood as has not
previously been recorded ln history.
The bestial ferocity displayed by Russian rulers against the Russian people
wbo would throw off tbe yoke of their
tyranny, la but what the ruling class
ot any country will display provided
they have at the critical moment the
power ln their bands to give it expression. In Germany the Socialist
movement baa already assumed such
proportion tbat it is difficult to see
how the monarchy Is to hang on to
anything like Ita present power for an-'
other decade. The crazy "Kaiser Bill"
dare not again resort to the repressive
measures of Blsmark's time tor fear
of precipitating tbe revolution at once.
Tbe German monarchy and the proflt-
mongering fraternity that hides beneath its skirts, know full well that
the end of their brutal and thieving
reign is rapidly drawing near. The
"red spectre" that at one time occasionally flitted athwart their vision
now pursues them relentlessly, by day
and by night. Austria is seething with
Socialism in a manner that threatens
at any moment to sweep the ruling
dynasty into that oblivion to which all
ruling monstrosities should long since
have gone. In Italy tbe Socialist
movement has become ao powerful
that tbe "red spectre" has invaded
tne Vatican aad frightened its occupants, both fallible and infallible alike.
Aa a result the powerful spiritual machinery (of course religion could have
no other kind) of the church baa been
set in motion throughout the kingdom
to thwart the expression of Socialism
at the forthcoming elections.
In France tbe movement already
powerful ia forging ahead with increased momentum. The general election to come off thla month will indicate to the already frightened bourgeoisie that tbe time ia within measuring distance when the French proletariat will square accounts with that
thieving and murdering claaa that so
ruthlessly slaughtered tbe communards of 1*71.
In tbe smaller continental states tbe
condition and circumstances are similar. The workers becoming daily more
conscious of the wrongs perpetuated
upon them and of their power to free
themselves from the tyrannies of a
ruling class through concerted action
along correct lines, are causing thc
"red spectre" to make hideous the
dreams of tin-horn rulers as well aa
those of their more pretentious, bombastic and arrogant neighbors.
In Great Britain the alow, dull, patient and long-suffering labor giant
also showa signs of awakening In
somewhat of a nasty temper, and the
"red spectre" stalks abroad through
this classic land of capitalism, frightening the pot-bellied commercial aristocrat and the red-nosed aristocrat by
birth, Into conniption fits. Time is
not far distant when that moat
supremely ridiculous farce that has
ever been played upon the atage of
human events, British royalty, will be
relegated to tbat lumber room of forgotten history known as oblivion.
Tbat many of Brltaln'a coloniea are
more than abreast of the grandmother
country in the Socialist movement is
well known to students of events.
Even the rotten dally press of the
United States cannot be read without
disclosing the fact that the Republic
Is rapidly becoming saturated with Socialist Ideas, and that the "red
spectre" Is becoming such a menace to
those sacred "vested Interests," that
li_ve b*en acquired by robbing labor,
as to drive the beneficiaries thereof
Into an insane sweat similar to that
oozing from the pores of their labor-
skinning brethren of European countries.
Nearly every publication ln the United States ls to-day teeming with
articles ln some manner relating or
referring to Socialism. A decade since
the'only reference made to lt waa in
the nature of villlflcatlon, alander and
abuse of Its not very numerous advocates. To-day every section of capitalist society ts becoming permeated
with a consciousness of its near approach. To the workers lt comes as a
herald of the morning after long centuries of slavery's darkest night To
the capitalists and their horde of sycophantic henchmen, boosters, lickspittles, thugs and hangera-on, It cornea
as a veritable whip of scorpions with
which humanity shall scourge them
from the temple and from their dla-
gusting feast upon human flesh and
blood.
Signs are by no means lacking to
show that the times are portentlonua
of an early and rapid breaking down
of capitalist society, and the making
way for a social structure under which
the huge, complicated and powerful
mechanism of modern Industry can be
maintained and operated for the common good of all people.
The "red spectre" Is here and like
Banquo's ghost It wtll not down. But
it is a "red spectre" and an evil omen
only to that class ln human society to
whom life Is a joy only while they are
wallowing in the plunder coined from
an outraged and murdered working
claBS. To the enslaved proletariat It
Is the evangel of a brighter and a better day.
THE "SILLY SEASON.'
One of the Vancouver dally epileptic
fits commonly dubbed a newspaper, in
the course of a recent editorial squib,
took occasion to remark that, "tbe
silly season Is still on at Victoria."
This is no doubt true as tbe epileptic
in question is the one tbat notoriously
"prints the facts." Evidence is not
entirely lacking to show tbat Vancouver ls, likewise, enjoying a "silly season." For Instance, there is the 100,-
000 club which by the most childishly
silly antics expects to treble or per-
haps quadruple the city's population
within the next few years. While it
mny be possible by the beating of tomtoms and the sounding of brass, to beguile a few fledglings to the city for
the purpose of having their pin
feathers plucked by the local talent,
the ten-year old Vancouver schoolboy
ought to know that something more
substantial is necessary to afford a
basis for 100,000 population, or nay
other number. If tbe antics of this
boosters club is not enough to prove
beyond question that the "silly season"
la ln full blast ln Vancouver, that
"civic address" offered up by the acting mayor and city clerk, on "behalf
of the corporation and citizens," upon
the occasion of the grand slobber over
"His Royal Highness, Prince Arthur
Frederick Patrick Albert of Con
naught, Knight of tbe Most Noble
Order of the Garter, Knight Grand
Croaa of the Royal Victorian Order,
Aide-de-camp to Hia Majesty the
King, etc., (to be continued In our
next), ought to convince the moot
skeptical. Into its len " of forty
newspaper lines i.roveilln-- .unkeyism
manifested l'self in the term "your
royal highness" no leas than nine
times. So long as belly-crawling proclivities remain ao pronounced, either
in Vancouver or elsewhere, the "silly
season" will still be "on."
UNDER THE PIRATE FLAG.
Wherever the ensign of capitalist
property rioata there Is continual turmoil and strife arising out of the relations between the mastera of men
and their exploited alavea. Chafing
under the galling yoke of servitude
the workmen indulge In outbreak
after outbreak against the exactions
of their masters only to find themselves beaten or shot Into subjection
by those particular powers of government that have been created for
the purpose, and upon which their
brutal masters must, in the last analysis, depend for the maintenance of
their strangle-hold upon their enslaved victims. The workingmen of
all countrlea are much alike. Drastic
lessons almost without number must
be administered before they seem
able to grasp even the simplest truth.
In countless efforts to force concessions from their exploiters In the so-
called economic field they have met
with defeat beeauae these exploiters
were entrenched behind the organised powers of the State, and could
against which they were absolutely
powerless. No sooner do they recover from the effects of one disastrous
experience, however, than they plunge
Into another equally as disastrous.
With a huge strike developing ln
the Eastern States, and our own Winnipeg affair occupying no mean place
upon the stage of folly, lt may be
comforting to know that all trouble
and folly Is not our portion. There
nre other people even In far-off countries laying claim to their share.
Wherever the pirate flag ot capital
la nailed to the mast-head the same
powers of repression are brought to
bear upon the recalcitrant wage-
slave, against which he will persistently and repeatedly hurl himself,
though empty of stomach and without weapons, before he will listen to
wise counsel and travel the road that
leads to certain victory.
Allowing for the usual prejudiced
coloring given to auch affairs by the
capitalist press, the following will
show with reasonable accuracy that
the French wage-slave remains as
true to the traditions of his tribe as
does his fellow of English or American extraction.
Paris, March SI.—The miners' strik;
throughout the coal region ln the north
has again assumed aerloua proportions.
Many riotous scenes were enacted last
night and today, during which the
cavalry repeatedly charged the strikers, injuring many of them. The
troops stao suffered severely. Large
reinforcement*- have been distributed
at the centers of disorder.
The strikers, estimated at 39,000 and
divided Into bands of from 600 to 2,000
men, are parading the region and
threatening workmen who refuse to
join them. Many of the bands carry
red flaga They have sought several
times to drive the cavalry into barbed
wire entanglements.
Tbe most serious affray took place
near Lens, where a mob besieged the
house of Jules Carron, who bad refused
to quit work On appearing In his
doorway Carron was pelted with
stones, whereupon he fired with a shotgun Into the crowd and wounded a
striker named  Botel,  who  later died.
The mob, which numbered 2,000
strikers, then sought to capture and
lynch Carron. Two squadrons of hussars attempted to convey Carron to a
place of safety, and a fierce battle between the strikers and troops resulted,
some of the strikers seising the horses
of the cavalrymen, while others ralne I
stones and other missiles on the soldiers. Finally, however. Carron wa»
removed to the jail at Bethune. Many
persons on both sides were Injured
during the fighting.
Another violent collision between
1,500 strikers and a squadron of dragoons took place at Llevln. The
strikers sought to Invade the mine and
rout out the men who were working
there, but soldiers with fixed bayonets
refused to allow the men to enter the
pit. The Strikers thereupon charged
tbe troops and endeavored to take
away their rifles.
The arrival of additional cavalry
reinforcements from Lens resulted ln a
desperate struggle, during which the
strikers were driven into a garden,
and, being surrounded there, they were
finally dispersed.
There were many minor affrays during the day. One of these took place
in the presence of tbe parliamentary
committee which is investigating the
Courrieres disaster.
Deputy Basly, a member of the committee and chairman of the miners'
federation, haa telegraphed Premier
Sarrien asking what tbe government
proposed doing In the way of an endeavor to adjuat the grievances of the
strikers.
The strike is the result of long standing grievances on the part of the
miners, but tbe disaster at Courrieres
was the cause of the outbreak. Meetings held by miners after the explosion
denounced the absence of safety de-
vlcea In tbe mlnea, and the movement
was gradually augmented until a general strike was declared.
The grievances of the miners Include
a demand for 16 per cent Increase In
wages, additional recognition for their
unions and pensions for long service.
A strike was Inaugurated recently,
but Interest in it had dwindled. With
the explosion at Courrierea and renewed agitation on tbe part of the
miners a referendum last Wednesday
showed a large majority of the miners
favored a continuation of the strike.
This waa tbe elgnal for a renewal of
the disorders, which have become general. The government Is seeking to
Induce the companies to compromise
with the men.
Minister of the Interior Barthou will
go to Lens Monday to decorate Nemy,
the leader of the party who was
rescued from the mines, and Prevost,
his mine boy, with the cross of the
Legion of Honor, and the eleven other
men who escaped with them medals et
honor.
Is there crime ln campaign gifts?
asks an exchange. Certainly not, provided they be of decent magnitude.
The Western Union Telegraph Company of the United States has a mileage In wires of 1,184,457. Us proMs
in 1905 amounted to $7,188,064. The
Western Union and the Postal are the
only two telegraph companies In the
Republic.
The chief jailer of Seattle 1* to be
discharged for accepting money for
a prisoner's release before the expiration of his term. It 1* getting so
that -Individual Initiative" and "enterprise" are receiving altogether too
scant courtesy tn these ultra-moral
days. If It keeps up 'incentive" will
most likely be totally destroyed and
"mankind lapse Into barbarism."
Baron Jolcey. one of the new peer*
of England, Is said to be the largest
Individual coal producer In the world.
Hia output ls about 5,000,000 ton* annually. How In the world one mun
can produce such an enormous amount
of coal without overtaxing his strength
posseth understanding. That his
strength is not overtaxed would appear from his acceptance of the onerous duties of an English peerage on
top of his job as a coal producer.
Once upon a time an angel was cast
out of heaven. He set up a show of
hi* own and haa been an exceedingly
pesti.erous cuss ever since. And now,
Dowte, the "First apostle" has been
cast out of Zion. A trembling world
Is wondering how he is going to take
his medicine. It is felt that th;
trouble caused by the first outcast Is
quite sufficient for all reasonable purposes.
Two of the local dally "moral engines" are engaged ln a wordy-
wrangle over which has thc larger
circulation, or can show the greater
percentage of Increase during recent
months. The proprietors of these
sheets ought to have the decency to
remember that Ihe greater they can
show their circulation to be the mon
serious the reflection cast upon the Intelligence of the surrounglng community.
An Italian has Invented paper clothing. Thi* leads some to ask. "will we
some day dress entirely ln paper?'
Such a thing la not altogether Improbable. If the wage-slaves do not soon
wake up and put an end to the wage-
system many of them because of their
scanty wage* will be forced to dress In
-something even more ethereal than
paper.
The wife of John D. Rockefeller
gnve birth to a 11-pound boy about a
week or ten days ago. Aa this youngster is heir to the Rockefeller millions
he Is considered to be by far the richest baby In the world. It Is claimed
by certain vulgar and uninformed persons that he will cut teeth and Indulge
in wind on his stomach much after the
fashion prevalent among the children
of the "lower classes."
One of the provisions of the "salary
grab" bill that went through the Do
minion  House  of  Commons last  ses
sion was that a member who failed to
attend the sittings of the house should
have bis allowance—$15—for each day
as a delinquent, deducted from his sessional allowance.     It ls said this has
resulted In the most regular attendance
upon the part of members ever recorded.     All of which goes to. show that
the Canadian statesman will not shirk
the duties Imposed upon him by an ad
miring   constituency,   when   there   '*
lit at ataka
That China, under tbe tutelage of
Japanese officers, is creating a modem
army equipped with up-to-date weapons, ts well known. To show that she
Is determined to move up abreast of
the most highly civilised nations she
Is now to have a navy second to none.
It looks aa though In the not distant
future she will be able to call a halt
upon the white skinned marauders who
have been so gleefully plundering her.
With 110,000 men and boys Idle In the
Pennsylvania anthracite fields It looks
aa though a long drawn out strike of
huge dimensions Is assured.
Without the power to establish and
defend their title of ownership In thc
means of production the power of the
capitalists to exploit the laborers
would vanish.
If control of the organized powers
of government, legislative, executive
and judicial la not the key to the control of economic power, why do the
great capitalist concerns expend such
enormous sums to secure    and retain
bring to bear    upon    them a force it?
The new Crolon dam near New York,
a part of the city's waterworks system,
Is by far the largest structure of the
kind in the world. In fact It ia aaid
to be larger than its three nearest
competitors added together. Its
greatest height ia 801 feet; there are
900,272 cubic yards of maaonary In It;
IU width at the base, 210 feet. It required 12 years to build It. It was
builded by labor and not by capital as
some gillies might suppose.
Germany boasts of the strongest
labor party amongst modern nations.
They form at present the most Important political party In the Empire. The
number of their party organs is 78, and
22 of these are dalllea—Exchange.
Germany may boast about tt, but
"Kaiser BUI," of the perpendicular
moustache, doesn't. It Is one of those
labor parties that no ruler or ruling
claaa would have around the premie-
If they could help lt.
PLATFORM
ass
iWormr* or the World Unite"
Cr^DA
1
[Union   Directory
When They Hestl Where They ni-.-,
Or>Si-ry Ubor Uniou In the p-wmc^ „
vital to plsce s csrd under this head.   I .,
month,    r-cirtsrira please note.
Phoenix
VV. I
Miners' Union, No. i
M. Meets evwy Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Mimri'
hall. V. Ingram, president; w A
rickard, secretary.
 I
lack
J. Edward Bird.    A. C. Ilr.v.l..,,
Ueo. E. -feCrossun.
BIRD, MYMK.JMK ft McCROSSM
-iAkltlHTfc.lt:-, HOl.lt ITtiliH. In
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the International revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, aad to
labor It should justly belong. To
the owners of ths means of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system is baaed upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist la maater; the worker
is alave.
80 long aa the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights In the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system glvee to the
capitalist an ever-swelllnr stream of
profits, and to the worker aa ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The Interest of the working dailies in the direction of setting Itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wage system. To
accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-*. la*a
property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating tn a
struggle for |>os*Jesslon nf the power
of government—thu capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the claaa struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to orgnnlre under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as /ollow*
1. The transformation aa rapidly
aa possible, of capitalist property lu
the means of wealth production tnatural resources, factories; mills, railways, etc..) into the collective pro
party of the working claaa.
3.   Thorough and   democratic    organization and   management   of   in
duatry by the workers.
8. The establishment, aa speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in ofiVe
shall always and everywhere until
tho present system Is abolkah**-,
make the answer to thia question Its
guiding rule of conduct. Will thla
legislation advance the interests of
ths working class and aid the'workers In their claaa struggle against
capitalism? If It will, the Socialist
Party is for It; If It will not, the
Socialist Party ia absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledgee Itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in Its hands In such a manner as to
promote the Interests of ths working class alone.
Tel. 829. P.O.
824 nestings St. . .
Hon, 932,
Vancouver. R c.
gaT Every Local of the Sorlaliat
Party of Canada should run a cor I
under this head. $1.00 per monik.
Secretaries please note.
APPUCATION POR MEMBERSHIP IN THK SOCIALIST PARTY    OP CANADA.
hereby   apply  for  membership
I.     THE     UNDERSIGNED,
In Local
 Socialist  Party of
Canada,
I recognise the class atruggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class lo be a
atruggle for political supremacy, I. «., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitate* the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all partlea of the eapl-
tallet claaa
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relatione with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Soclaliet Party
of Canada only.
Applicant	
Address	
Occupation „
Age	
Cltlsen	
Admitted to Local HO.,
 Chairman.
 Ilec.-B
HIIITIHII COLI'MIIIA PROVINCIAL
Executive      Committee,     Ho-laim
Party   of  Canudu   meets   atari   niter,
nate Tuesday.
W. H. KKOWBllH,  *mcy.
It.  J, 222  ITIor Ut.,  Vancouver   D   r.
wmemmaammmlmmmmmmaamhmmmmmg ■■
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE   COMMIT*
TEE,  Socialist   Party oi Canada,
meets every alternate Tuesday,
J. O. MOltClAX. Secy
.'Al   Itnrnnrtl  St..   Vancouver,   ll   r
LOCAL VANCOUVEll. NO. 1. S.P.
of Canada. Business meeting ev.
cry Morduy evening at I e,ni, ..*•■
ters, Inglisi le Illock, „1'1 limi.it
Street, I room 1, second floor.) *__.
ucatluaal meetings every Suncla\ at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordevs Street.
D. P. MILLS. Secretary.
Hox 836, Vancouver n. C.
LOCAL  TO UOS TO-Meets  _nd   ami
•ith Tuesdays, Socialist Reetkjur-
tern.  18f>,    Que«B    St., Weal     I
Dale.   Sec.,   -11   Henry   St      JcwUfc
hranrh every   Sunday   night,    -sine
Halt
LOCAL WINNIPKU-Mtwta first , .!
third Sunday ln Maecabet lis I
corner King and Pacific Am . st
2.'H) p.m. Secretary J. Coxos
•_2fl Princes*. St., Hlnnitx-j-
r'«l_l_i»l.«-»l   ISSI.
The VOICE
llu* Olilr-., |_ibfir
I „|»-i in Canada.
Always a faarlasa exponent
Hi.   cause i.f labor.
Por one dollar the paper »i.
be Bant to any address fur 1
year.
Wurklujcnicn of all oountrt
will   s.ioii     rei'iif-nlse     the  fin
lhat  they    must    Rapport an.
read ihelr labor papers,
IMKl'KD   EVKItY    PRtDAY
The Vofpt 1-aMlnliiitg Co..
M'lnnlpeg.    Man.
nl
Miners'Magazine
Published Weakly hy the
Wwtm rtear-ttss M Blain
'A Vigorous Advocate of Labor's
Cause.
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per tVear f 1.00.      Six Months. soc.
Address:
MINERS' MAGAZINE.
Denver. Colorado.
WANTED: hy Chicago wholesaia
house, special representative for
each province In Canada. Salary
920,00 and expenses paid weekly.
Expense money advanced. Bual-
naas successful; position permanent.
No Investment required- Pre-lo-i
experience not essential to enn»*-
ing. Address
General Manager, 183 Lake Si
Chicago, 111., U.S.A.
 stn 11      111        ,.    a     iiai    11
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VIA**'
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■■■■■■■»«
ATEIVITS
1'E'.(_i!_tli'___i:
_ »' *olWt the easiness of Tfsnufssturer*,
Knf Inert* snd other* who resllte the sdVUsbll-
Ity of having their Patent business transacted
byBiptrt*. pr«llialnary advice free. Charns
BMdctate. Oar {avwrter's Advlaer lent upo*
request. Marion * Marlon, New Vork I.lfcBldg!
Montreal; uud Washln-jtoti, »,_, V.B.A.    ^**
TNADg Massa
DlSIONS
COPVIMHTS AC
Sctetttific American-
•malr lllaMralfd waailr.   Unr'"".1*,11',
il aor sctantlSo Journal.   T
1kv
J^i-^Mm&iym nto'V,
•tfcecewe^ew York
*U Washiuituti, l> ■ '•
1
, ■.•\-!<ttn_-nyt***nAmP n
Satiirtlay
.April 7,1906.
From Squamish B. C.
Inconsiderable
Editor "Western Clarion."
It    afford*    me    no
„l-.«_iure to report the satisfactory condition of our newly founded Local In
suuamUh.   The  interest    aco*uaed   by
uur flr-t propaganda meetings I* still
increasing, and affords more food for
inought i*11- discussion than any sub-
leet nf a serious nature has ever" done
lure before.   Two very well attended
„„„,, nieciliigs  were   held   during the
month.   At the last of   these a very
lientfil discussion arose over the stand
taken   by Com. Hawthornthwaite   on
-H* C. ft W. Hallway BUI.    But as us-
uil the position taken by our members
iv is vindicated tut being strictly In the
Interests ot the working class of this
province. As a si-" lhat nre have stimulated thought along economic lines, s
proposal was thai* to our Local by the
uill-Hoclallst members of the commun-
ny to bold a public debate on Social-
iim   three spreakera   to be chosen on
, uli side, and a time limit set for the
addresses.   The challenge was eagerly
accepted.   On  tha evening appointed,
March ltith. thc local ball was well flll-
ed wilh a mixed audience of sympathisers and opponents of the party.   Mr.
it   Thorns occupied   the   chair.   The
meeting was opened by Com. Stephen,
who outlined a* fully as possible ln the
time allotted, the historical evolution of
,l„.  n uker.  the  economic    condition*
prevailing   under    modern  capitalism,
.ind tli- step* necessary to prepare the
way  for Hie ushering In of the  new
cooperative stage of development. Mr.
■P   Bracken led off for the antl-Soclal-
lal side, with a very moderate and con-;
dilatory speech, acknowledging us In-,
evltable  tiie    co-operative    system  of
..reduction and distribution as the nec-
r«sary auecsai&r of   the   competitive
method.   He deprecated the use ot the
,,,,,1  • revolutionary."  as    applied    to
it,,,   ».>iking-class   movement,   preferring   tin-   I'**'--'* "evolutionary."   The
„ih< x -in lallst supporters. Corns. Lewis
nil Judd, und  Messrs.   Knowlton  and
Day   for  the  negative,   followed   with
brief  iiililresse*.
Considerable time was warned by
our opponents ta attacking crude and
■. iionary conceptions if Socialism
ftleaoed from the 'World'' and other
Khi et* of Klmilar profundity. The term
a ige slave-3 seemed especially obnos-
!„,«!.' our antl-HoclallM friends. It
« is also cont**«ided that opportunltle*
for Hi- worker 10 gain a comfortable
livelihood were more numerous than
ever before. Here In the forest prltn-
wbere the river* teem with
.lioes and sookeye*. where deer
her |SJBS abound, and a shirt
I . i ; ur of overalls constitute the
wardrobe necessary to enter "society."
ti la hart l" realise the stress of ln-
dustrtnl condition* such as prevail In
lhe ..\<r-i row ded labor markets of the
.ltl«*s. But s mere bare existence Is
not em unit to satisfy even the small
farmer* "f Bquamlah, and those attending our meeting* are beginning to real-
iw thi possibility of a fuller and higher
Iif.- under different Social conditions,
unit to recognise the need of united
political action to obtain control of the
forCM which bind tliem to sordid lives
of m< nml drudgery. It l» perfectly
possible to dream away one'* life In u
Secluded spot of  Ibis sort  without be
ing affected by the advance of thought
or the march of progress In the world
at large. But while Local No. 2*. retain* |U present membership there
seem* little danger of our Bquamlsh
-juatters being allowed to fall behind
the. times politically.
But after all it Is among the wage-
earners, pure and simple, that the gospel or the commonwealth receives the
warmest welcome. In the upper Squamish valley are situated several logging
camps, principally engaged In cutting
Shlngle-bolls for Individual contractors.
Many of the men employed there during thc winter, enduring disagreeable
weather and  the  severest of  manual
labor,  find  themselves, thla spring,  In
debt to the ramp-bos* for board. These
condition*, arising from no fault on the
part  of  tho   workers,  cause  them  to
reall*e thoroughly the meaning of wage
slavery, and dispose them to listen to
any plan for their emancipation.    We
have   had  several   urgent  requests  to
hold a propaganda meeting In the logging district, and as noon as the weather permit* we shall comply, and may
succeed In planting another outpost ln
the wilderness.   If the way the movement I* spreading lu the*e remote and
Isolated  localities  la any  criterion  by
which to Judge of Its development In
the larger centre* of population, then
Indeed "the very air li vibrating wilh
revolution,"   and    thi*    fair    western
province give* promise   of   being the
first to break with old traditions and
usher In "th-il government of the people, by the people, and for the people"
of   which   American   patriot* dreamed,
but have still to see accomplished.
Your* fraternally,
ALEXANUKK  STKPHEN,
Sec.  Local 28, Squamish,  B.  C.
_THR^WR8m^6L_U--0Nr VANCOUVIR.   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
When a delegation  headed  by  Sam
(Jumper*   walled      upon   Hoosevelt   to
find out why  such scant consideration
was  given   to   labor  measures   by   the
powers   thnt   be    ut    Washington   the
president is said to have been extremely "frank'' with them. Unfortunately
hc did not carry his frankness to tin
eminently proper point of Showing |
them the U'lor. Thut he did not do .ills doubtless due to the fact lhat he is
one of those soft-hearted men who
doe* not e&Joy being hursh with puling
Infants.
■dial them as men and brethren fighting shoulder to shoulder in a cause
common to all. In that day labor becomes Invincible. So long as It renin Ins torn Into factions fighting over
the scrups and crumbs of the labor
market, It falls easy victim to that
power alone by which the capitalist
master holds the wage-slave In bondage, and that ls the power of the
state.
Representative Gregory, of the Iowa
State Legislature, who Is a physician,
has Introduced a bill requiring physician* to take human life ln cases ln
which there I* great suffering and
death Is certain to result, and also to
prevent the rearing of children who
are hideously deformed or hopelessly
Idiotic. Under the latter head there
are some children of larger growth
among the workers who would fairly
and honeatly come beneath the ban If
their mental condition were determined by the use they make of their ballot*.—Machinists' Journal.
There is no reason, from the standpoint of capitalist property, why children who are "hideously deformed or
hopelessly Idiotic" should be raised.
Such children could not grow up Into
A No. 1 wuge-glaves able and competent to surrender a proper quantity of surplus vatue to the capitalist
lord* of creation. Of course they
should be killed off. There ls much
material method ln Gregory's madnese.
The mental condition of the grown
up children referred to Is all right,
however. Upon such mental condition
of the wage-mules depends the safety
uml stability of our glorious capitalist
civilisation. For heaven's sake don't
try to shake them out of It lest clvlli-
i-allon collapse and a relapse to barbarism If- the portion of the race.
After year* of lobbying around the
hulls of legislation al Washington, begging for 8-hour and other labor
measures the American Federation of
Litior is beginning lo realise the futility of such action. It Is beginning to
dawn upon Gompers and his colleagues
that if labor Is lo obtain the relief
looked for through legislative channels
It must send Its own representatives
to such bodies to do the work. Of
course the Socialist* have been pointing this out long and persistently,
while Samuel has a* persistently pooh-
poohed It. it ts quite amusing to now
see the great man come to this way of
thinking mi his own account. It there
were lhe virtue ln trade unionism that
Samuel ha* so persistently assured us
then- would in- no need of legislation
In l.< half of labor at all.
HUUSCltlBKHH TAKE NOTICE.
This issue 1* No. 367. lf this Is
the number upon your address slip.
your subscription expires with this
Dumber. II further copies are desired, renewal should oe made at once
If care I* taken to renew before the
expiration of the old subscriptions it
will greatly simplify matters in th a
oiii'i- aa well as avoid any break la
receipt of papers.
Victoria
Advertisers
FALL SUITING
From g3fi.no I'p.
E.  SHAPER,
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
30 Johnsoa  St.,   Victoria.  B.C.
UglOH _UQ£ SICAO MO CMC!
I'sll.ei-d to any pert el the elly    AeV
Hrtvtr  to   call.     'Phone  *«»
I'o you know we sell from 10 to -•'*•
cents cheaper than our competitors.
-HASHES'FAIR
aro-w __ c_-_w_t»_b
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TKUti»HONR nm
; HENRY mm* m Co. j
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CIGARS
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VICTORIA. B.C.
—TUB—
SIS QCICAK
RKUIsTKRKU
HAROLD BURNETT
NEWS AGENT.
Victoria Agent for—
SEATTLE "TIMES"
PORTLAND "OREOONIAN"
San Francisco "CHRONICLE"
San Francisco "EXAMINER"
LOS ANOELES "TIMES"
CHICAGO "AMERICAN"
BOBTON  "AMERICAN"
NEW YORK "AMERICAN"
NEW YORK "WORLD."
A delegation of I—) labor leaders re>-
nH.ritlng union* iu New Vork and
other Eastern ellie*. headed by John
C <'rinse. Koclallat Ex-Mayor of
Haverhill. Mass., have notified the
governor of Idaho that they will accept his invitation to visit Orchard
whose alleged confe**lon accuse*
Moyer. Haywood and Pettibone of the
murder of Ex-Governor Steunenherg.
If he will allow them a few minutes
talk with Orchard. This is a dangerous
thing to do while that wily old
"Rleuth." Mii'nrliiiid. ls still around.
He might be able to bring forth a
■•confession" by Orchard, or some other
equally rc**ionRlble person, implicating
the whole bunch tn the Steunenberg
murder. Better stay away boys. Better stay away. Look* like n scheme
to Inveigle you within the reach of
Idaho, even-handed Justice.
It I* reported that u few street cars
are being overturned and other offences against property being committed in Winnipeg In connection with
the Street Car strike. This Is Juat as
il should be. The opportunity to
beat B few so-called "scabs" and
strike-breakers should not be overlooked In the menntlme. This is the
Only sensible way of dealing with the
problem confronting the working
class, ln fact It Is the only solution,
uml Indicates u very high-grade of intelligence on the part of those who
engage In such noble work. Reside*.
If It la persisted* In It Will help things
along in other ways. The military will
be afforded the opportunity of getting a
little gun practice, and some carpenters may obtain employment building bull-pens. Such "noble waging
of the class struggle" is commendable Indeed. Those engaged In It
should be encouraged to keep nt It
by all means.
Prompt and regular dally delivery
service to subscribers.
P.O. Box 444,  Victoria, B.C
There seems to be no let up In the
number of meetings being held
throughout the States ln protest
agnlnst the persecution of Moyer and
his fellows by the tools of the mine-
owners association. From all parts of
the country comes word of large meetings of workmen being held nnd most
energetic demands made that the accused men be accorded fair trial. One
pleasing feature of It all ls that labor
organizations that have hitherto been
hostile to each other because of BONN
petty grievance arising out of the circumstances of the labor market, are
forgetting their hostility In the factor thi* dustardly outrage upon labor
by the Incarceration of the W. F. M.
offlclals, and the evident Intention of
railroading them to the gallows. A
few more similar affairs and the old
hatred, envy, suspicion quarrelling,
bickering aud back-bltlng that mnrkj
the conduct of sloves struggling among
themselves for points of vantage under
their masters, will have been abandoned for a class solidarity that will mar-
We see In our manufacturing districts
the most striking example of the results
of a diametrically opposite manner of
lift and education. There the contrast
presented by the working and middle
classes is such ihat they might belong
to two entirely distinct race*. Although
this contrast is nothing new to me, lt
struck me afresh with something almost like tenor at an election meeting
which I held in the winter of 1877 in an
Industriul town of the Erzgeblrge. The
meeting, at which I had a debate with
a Liberal professor, was so arranged
that both parties appeared ln large
numbers and filled the hall In two divisions. The front was occupied by the
opponents, almost without exception,
strong.powerful, and often tall forms,
with the appearance of perfect health;
at the back and In the galleries stood
workmen and tradesmen, nine-tenths
weaver*, mostly small, thing, narrow-
chested, pale-cheeked men, on whose
faces trouble and want were written.
The former represented well fed virtue
and solvent morality, the latter were
lbs working bees, the beasts of burden,
from the fruits of whose toll the others
had gained their good looks, while the
laborers starved. Put both under equally fuvorable circumstances for one generation, and the contrast will disappear; It will have entirely vanished in
their offspring.—August Bebel.
As an Indication of the wide-spread
prosperity with which this western
continent is at present blessed, and
the generous share thereof which fall*
to the lot of the Workingman, please
note the remarkable advance In wages
all along the line that Is being voluntarily granted by employers. To doubt
that such an advance has and is being
made Indicate* a most lamentable Ignorance on the part of the doubter. He
should read the dally papers and get
wise.
Now the "Dreadnaught," that huge
engine of destruction recently launched, and of which every loyal British
object ls so proud, ls to be completely
thrown into the shade by one to be
built by Uncle Sam. It Is to be longer, wider, deeper, heavier, costlier and
have greater • destructive power. In
tact It ts expected lo make the "Dread-
naught" look like a "bumboat" in comparison. It 1* to be named the "Constitution." It will, however, not be
considered good form to make use of
General Sherman Bell's famous phrase
In reference to this monster. Hence
we refrain. In thi* glorious game of
advancing civilisation by packing the
"white man's burden," it will be
"Kaiser Bill's" turn to make the next
move.
Tm_i|g
Promoting Growth of Socialism.
Major Miller, a Pennsylvania millionaire, whose fortune grew out of
coal and steel mined and manufactured by men whom God Intended
should enjoy equal rights and privileges with Major Miller, has Just
broken the record for high-priced
banquets. In barbaric splendor and
cost, it far exceeded the hundred-
thousand-dollar dinner which the
Equitable policy-holders provided for
Jimmy Hyde and a few friends. The
cost of Major Miller's banquet was
sufficient to provide food for thousands of starving people who eke out
a miserable existence ln the great
cities of the East. Properly distributed, lt would have been sufficient to
grant to hundreds of striking miners
the small Increase they ask ln wages.
ll is this wanton waste of riches
got by an economic system that is all
wrong that accelerates the speed of
this Nation toward a social revolution,
and the time ls not far distant when
at some of these banquets the Major
Millers, drunk with the wine of financial success and power, will be startled by the appearance of handwriting on the wall that will be appalling
In Its slttniflcancc. Perhaps lt might
be termed a redeeming feature In the
nature of John D. Rockefeller that he
never flaunts his great wealth ln the
faces of those whom he has robbed.
In avoiding publicity of this nature,
he. of course, exhibits an Intelligence
that is lacking In some of his fellow-
milllonnlres, who seem to delight ln
shuklng the red flag of affluence and
power at the underfed and mistreated
"bull" of common labor. Misery and
starvation are ever present In the
tenement districts of New York, as
well as other large cities, and within
a radius of a few miles of the scene
of* lhat sybaritic feast of Major Miller's It is a certainty that the gaunt
specter of famine awaiting Its victim hovered over many a cradle.
On the pinched, wan face of the
tenement-house mother, watching the
departure of the lust flickering spark
of life from the baby who perished
for want of proper food and nourishment, the lovelight gleams Just as
strong as on that of the mother who
cun bring to thc bedside of her darling every necessity, convenience and
luxury that the most exacting special-
are growing worse Instead of better,
but a fact that bodes no good for the
Major Millers, tho Jimmy Hydes and
the men of "higher up" ls that the
teeming millions who are eking out
a bare existence from the crumbs
which fall from the rich man's table
are becoming sullen over the existence
of such conditions.
Fuel ls being added to the flame by
the steady addition to the list of
converts to Socialism of wealthy men
who are at Iom realising the awful Injustice of a tystera which permits
some of the people to revel In luxury
while others equally worthy and with
equal rights to a living are confronted
win* semi-starvation all their lives.—
Portland "Oregonian."
The Darwinian law of the struggle
for existence, which finds Its expression
In nature In the elimination and destruction of lower by stronger and more
highly developed arganisms, arrives al
a different consummation In the hu-
•tiun world. Men, as thoughtful and reflecting being*, are constantly altering,
Improving, and perfecting their conditions of life, 1. e.. their social arrangements, and everything connected with
them, until finally all mankind will exist under equally favorable circumstances. Humanity will gradually
create conditions, laws, Institutions,
vhlch permit each individual to develop
his talents and faculties, to the advantage of himself and of the communi.y,
but which deprive him of the power to
Injure any other person or the community, because in so doing he would
injure himself. This state of things
will by degrees become so impressed on
his intelligence and discernment that
there will be no more room in his brain
for thoughts of supremacy and the
damage of others.—August Bebel.
THE JIXGLK.
The publishers announce that the
second edition of Upton Sinclair's now-
famous book, The Jungle, is off the
press and ready for distribution. It is
said to be already the second best selling book in the New York stores. As
an exposure of some of the infamies
of the wage system it stands ln a class
by itself. Its story is drawn from real
life as it occurs in the shambles of
packingtown, Chicago, the seat of the
great sllughtering and packing industry, controlled by the so-called "Beef
Trust." Not only does It picture ln all
Its horror the wage slaves existence in
the modern inferno of capitalism but it
lays bare many of the disgusting and
loathsome practices indulged ln without
scruple by those giant business concerns that having grown up out of the
competitive struggles ot tbe past century now stand as supreme arbiters of
the industrial life or that vast army of
tollers upon whose backs are borne the
burdens of civilisation. No more scathing indictment of capitalism and its degrading w_t;e-slavery has ever been
written in language so understandable.
Jack London aptly describes it as the
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" of wage-slavery.
It should be read by every one, not for
tbe purpose of cultivating a thirst for
vengeance against the individual masters of capitalist property, but that a
firm resolve may be Implanted In every
breast to do all and dare all in the
coining struggle of the wage-slaves to
break their economic bondage by dls-
troying the rule of capital and bringing
Its accursed Infamies to an end.
THE HONEST BUSINESS MAX.
Hiram Stroode, for the seventh time,
was about to fail. He called in an
expert accountant to disentangle his
books. The accountant, after tw*.
day's work, announced to Hiram that
he would be able to pay his credi;ors
four cents on the dollar.
At this news the old man looked
vexed.
"Heretofore," he said, frowning, ' I
have always paid 10 cents on the dollar."
A virtuous and benevolent expression spread over his face.
"And I will do so now," he resumed.
"I will make up the difference out of
my own pocket."—New York Tribune.
TS!
SEWING MACHINE.
ROUES BEARINO.
HICK GRAM.
by buying thb
reliable, honest-
high grade sew*.
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STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
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SAN FRANCISCO.  CAL.
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THE JUNGLE
q copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents 2
J£ a copy. Send to us for circulars and wholesale *
9 prices.   The book is now ready for delivery. 9
|       THE JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO.,       |
« BOX 2064 NEW YORK. $
• •
A silence both overwhelming and profound pervades the space circumjacent
to Ihis spot of earth Hince the close of
the leglslatuve session. The continual
little cackling yawp, yawp of the Liberal press thnt so enlivened the sesslon-
a rieriod is heard no more. The silence
i.s something awful.
"You condemn us tramps." said
Weary Willie, "but theres' one thing
we roust get credit for."
"Whats that?"
"You dont hear of us indulgln' ln labor disputes."
Referring to the Moyer, Haywood,
Pettibone case, "Common Sense" remarks taht "this game of the Mine
Owners' Asosclatlon has already lost
all semblance of fairness, decency or
honor." We really wish our esteemed
—os Angeles exchange would stick a
little closer to the truth. The affair
spoken of has lost nothing of the kind.
It never had any to lose.
The agitation for universal suffrage (s
assoming gigantic proportions in Japan. A petition has been presented to
the Diet and numerous large meetings
are being held.
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We have two cases (IOO pounds) of Brevier Type, 8-point, almost new, cost 52
<fts a pound a year ago; will sell at
25cts a lb.    Following is a sample 0/ tHe Type:
Hartford, Conn., Jan. io.—A certificate
of incorporation ot tbe Oaxaca & Pacific
Railway Company of Hartford, has been
filed with the secretary of state. The
authorized capital stock of the company
is $40,000000. These figures exceed
those of any othi r company which has
filed such a certificate with the secretary
WRITE
Western Clarion,
Box 836.
VANCOUVER. B. C.
_-.*c VV-**      .,,ru
y |A * — *l__
BEST IN B C
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a Ft'R HAT see to It
that the Genuine Union Label ls sewed In It. If
a retailer has loose labels in his possession and
offers to put one In a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels In retail stor-s are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label ls perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, ls a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MO-'UTT, President, Orange, H. J.
MAKTIN liAWLOK, tSecrctary, 11 Waverly Plane,
New York.
OUR
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
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ii**!
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-————<S_SS_« i    ■       -'A
I '■   ''1
li «.j'tSs
'TO'
FOtJl
THB WESTERN  CLARION,  VANCOUVER.    BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Saturday ...... April 7. lflfifl
NEWS AND VIEWS
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION
Edited by B. P. PETTIPIECK, to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed.
Under Socialism, let us hope, the
first word to be eliminated from our
vocabulary will be "charity." What
the masses require is justice.
The workers of Winnipeg couldn't
even elect Mr. Puttee, (Labor) last
municipal election. Now, some of
them are getting what they did vote
for.    Why whine about It?
These are interesting times to the
Socialist mind. Almost keeps one
awake nights keeping tub on current
events of Interest to the working-
class. History Is being made faster
than it can be written.
The "100,000 Club" and the local
dally press are somewhat clam-like
in re the death from smallpox which
took place In Vancouver this week.
Apparently Packingtown is not thc
only place Government Inspectors are
paid to lok the other way. At any
rate the steamer Tartar ls now on its
way to bring back some more victims.
The "Union" men belonging to the
local militia, after being fined by
Magistrate Williams for non-attendance at drill; after being forced to
kow-tow to Royalty; and after learning of their duties as uniformed murderers, vide the Winnipeg strike,
should be proud of themselves. It's
about time the damphools took a
tumble.
The mine-owners of Lethbrldge,
Southern Alberta, have locked out
their "union" men, and are endeavoring tp Import Austrian possessors of
labor-power. If the latter do arrive
and get wise, there'll be Interesting
times ahead for Lethbrldge. The
Au.-trlan workers have already enjoyed a taste of oppression In their
own land and for the most part are
a brand of revolutionists that sometimes do things. Every little bit
helps.
If the Vancouver Trades and I^ibor
Council goes at It right, there will be
a Muntclpally-owned up-to-date telephone system ln this City ere another
year has passed. A small application
of the Socialist plaster—political action—will do the trick. The Trades
Council should get busy. The local
Typo. Union has given them the right
pointer at the right time. So long
as Czar Kent can say, with Dunsmuir.
and old Shylock, "this Is mine to do
as I like with lt," his attitude Is perfectly consistent It's up to the voters
of this city to change the title of
ownership. Some of the Aldermen in
the City Council have already taken
a step ln the right direction,
'er movln'.
donla. There were few dry eyes in the
audience at the close of his heartbreaking appeal. Some of the more
•prosperous" local exploiters' hearts
were verily tilled with Joy when the
speaker announced as still another
method of aiding these unfortunate
ones that he would arrange to commit
them (the orphans) to a sentence to
their kitchens ns domestics for three
years for just food and clothing and
$50 transportation. Thc "orphans" to
be from 12 to 15 years of age. As any
auctioneer would say, "They went like
hot cukes. ' A greater bargain in
human flesh could scarcely be conceived, even in darkest Africa. An approximate estimate of the spellbinder's rake-off in this trafllc In Canada alone is placed at $20,000; but of
course the transportation companies
will probably donate on top of this for
services rendered. These "Christian"
labor-skinners are smooth, but their
game somewhat course and vulgar
from a working-class standpoint.
As to whether the child-slaves have
arrived yet or not, rumor sayeth not.
H. SIEGFRIED.
A Little More Light.
New Westminster, April 2.—Mr. Ex-
zat David has given the authorities
here some Important and valuable Information concerning the operations of
Peter Allow, alias Rev. J. A. Day,
D.D., who is now being sought for on
account of alleged frauds perpetrated
upon the charitable public—(Editor
News and Views.)
EDUCATIONAL WORK
Being Persistently Carried on by Active    Members of    Vancouver
Local, No.  1.
AMONG  THE   WORKERS
AMONG THE WORKERS.
" • « Find $2 for subs. I have
been greatly interested in reports of
legislative proceedings, as published
by The Clarion. Corns. Hawthornthwaite and Williams ar* doing splendid work for all Canada. The movement here ls moving along quietly.
Aa you know, 'once a Socialist always
a Socialist,' and no matter where he
Is the campaign ls kept up."—Wm.
Robinson,  Poplar,  Ont.
"Our Local ls getting on first rate.
We have 32 members, and the prospects for our participation ln the
election of a real labor representative
at no distant date are encouraging."
—Otto John, Montreal.
"I see the Dominion Executive have
decided to call for donations towards
an organiser's fund. Here's a dollar.
Hope to see this fund grow faster. * "
—O. Rayner, Los Angeles, Cal. Com.
Rayner is an ex-member of Vancouver Local.
Vancouver Local has got down to
business In dead earnest again, probably having been spurred to activity
by the promise of a Provincial election within the next eighteen months.
For some reason or other the City administrators have taken another
r.pasm of sanctity and refused to rent
.the City Hall to the Socialists on Sunday evenings, as heretofore. Hereafter only "religious" organisations
will be accorded this privilege. However, a little opposition seems to promote growth, and renewed activity-
round Sullivan Hall, Cordova Street,
every Sunday evening, is one of the
results.
Last Sunday week Mrs. B. Merrill
Rurns gave an interesting paper on
"Chronic Objections lo Socialism,"
which was much appreciated by the
Keeps] audience, and possibly more especially by the many ladies present who
appeared proud of their feminine
champion.
Last Sunday R. P. Pettipiece was
the speaker, dealing with "Current
Events, Viewed from a Socialist
Standpoint." The hall was filled to
its seating capacity.
A Glee i.'holr, composed of Mr. and
Mrs. K. Burns (Sr.), Mrs. Morgan.
Mr. Wilkinson and Ernest Burns,
provided Socialist songs, while Miss
Polly Parr officiated at the piano.
Corns. Mills and McKenzie acted as
chairmen, respectively, for the two
meetings.
The Literary Agent reports the sale
of considerable socialist literature,
while the collections clear running
expenses.
REVEI.STOKK SOCIALISTS
RED I-OIXSK. ALBERTA,
Quietly But Effectively Making Headway Towards Worklngcla.* Political Action.
REVELSTOKE, B. C, March 30.—
The Socialists of this "great railway
centre—the distributing point for the
Kootenays" are still alive to their interests as wage-slaves, and doing
what they can to point out to
fellow-workers the necessity of electing representatives of their own class1
Interests (the only useful class tn
human society) and by legal enactment restoring to at themselves their
means of life.
We trust Organiser Kingsley, or
Com. Hawthornthwaite, will arrange
It so that we may have a good rousing
public meeting or two, while they are
Sends Along Ap|»lballon for Charter,
and a New Local Is Formed.
Red Lodge, Alberta, ls one of the
latest points In Western Canada to
organise a Local on Its own hook.
An application for a charier has been
received by Secretary Morgan, of the
Dominion Executive Committee, S. P.
of C, signed by the following comrades: Fred W. Austin, Owen White,
Joseph Miller, D. E. Brooks, George A.
Glbbs, Wm. Houston, Joseph G.
Brlghtman, Matt Whltelock. 8. W.
Welch, Charles V. Wood, and Robert
Murray.
organiser Glbbs and Com. Buckton
ure doing effective work.
To cover the district the organisation will be termed "lnnisfaii Local."
Secretary 8. W. Welch; Librarian,
Owen White; Organiser, Geo. A.
Glbbs.
To Com. Geo. Watson ls probably
due the organisation, who Is now
located ut Calgary.
FROM WINNIPEG.
Editor Western Clarion.
I  suppose  you   are  pretty  well ac-
en route    to the    Crow's    Nest, and Tqualnted with the details of the Strug.
Boundary  districts,  as  spoken   of  in
your last Issue.
A commotion among the citizens of
this burg a few days ago, on Front
street, was Incited by one "Harry"
Sibble, said to be the "Clarion's" subscription rustler. From a general observation, after the day was over, the
report contained no "I regret to, etc.,"
but "got 'em all, from coal-heavers to
parsons"!
However, be that as it may, I can
assure the victims that the "Clarion"
will be found a good spring remedy for
workingmen; guaranteed to clean out
the cobwebs of capitalism, accumulated after so many years of wage-
slavery, and the doctrine of contentment with present-day Institutions.
"Slaves"! That reminds me that we
have a few disgruntled people even In
Revelstoke. Some time ago a Rev.
Day blew Into town and delivered a
very "touching" sermon on the poor,
suffering Christian  orphans of Mace-
that may accrue, a beneficent and comfortable state of affairs. The police
have shown their usual Indiscriminate
brutality but have done the dirty
work of their dirtier masters as well
as their numbers would allow. On
Friday last they were quite unable to
cope with the mob and '.hat collection
of things yclept the It. C. M. R. was
ordered out. These traitors to their
class appeared with bayonets fixed
and dragging along a maxim gun and
it really looked like comic opera to see
this handful of men and their Innocent looking little pop-gun passing
along the crowded street. The crowd
did not realise that the capitalist class
do not feed and clothe these profes
slonal assassins for the purpose of performing a vaudeville stunt and hooted
and jeered and enjoyed themselves
to the top of their fool bent. The
men drawing the maxim looked especially sheepish and uncomfortable. They
are raw lads, for the most port, these
soldiers. A great pity to see them
where they are for they have the mak
Ings of good men In them. They en
dured the provocation very well but
If ever they do fire, the murder lust
will surely bring the brute tn them
to the surface then there will be hell
to pay. Late that afternoon a car w
being wrecked. The mayor read the
riot act and the order was given to the
troops to load with ball. The click of
the rifles put the fear of God Into the
crowd and In an exceedingly short
space of time there was no-one near.
The "sympathy" wisely did not extend
to the sacrifice of the skin and the
crowd dispersed round the adjacent
corners. Yesterday thing swere peaceful and a few venturesome Individuals
rode in the cars, mostly women. The
weather ls fine for walking and the
streets are fast drying up but let lt
turn wet and the cars run without mo
testation there will be lots of passengers. It Is fear of brickbats, not
sympathy, that prevents the "business"
mon from riding.
Yours for better times and the abolition of strikes.
w H. R. S
Winnipeg. April 1. 1906.
VANCOI'VER LOCAL, NO. 1.
The reguUir business meeting was
held at the headquarters on Monday
evening. April 2nd. Comrade Pritchard
ln the chair.
The minutes of the previous meeting
were adopted and a warrant authorised for rent of hall. $3.50.
Com. Clark, of Belllnghnm. wrote
stating that he would be here tospetik
under the auspices of the Local on the
22nd inst.
Reports were received from the
other committees. Comrade Stebbinirs
is to speak at Sullivan Hall next Sunday evening. Com. Arnason being
elected chairman.
The financial report showed receipts
for the week as follows:
Collection Sunday evening $5 45
Literature sales       10
Dues account    2 25
Total $7 Ml
Two new members were admitted to
the Local.
D.  P.  MILLS.  Secretary.
MOYER-HAYWOOD  DEFENSE
FUND.
Phoenix. B. C, March 2«th, 1W6
Western Clarion,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrades:—
We would like to acknowledge,
through your columns, receipt of $4.00
sent us by Comrade Sibble, your
travelling agent, for the Moyer-Hay-
wood defense fund. The amounts collected were from Kamloops nnd Hevel-
stoke as follows:
F.  Moloney, Queen's Hotel,  Kamloops $i,oo
Bartender,   Queen's   Hotel   Kamloops 50
—. Douglas, Kamloops 60
—. Ross, Kamloops 50
Duncan Fraser, Kamloops..   , 25
J. J. Devlne, Revelstoke 50
S. Smith, Revelstoke 25
Two Friends, Revelstoke, 25c each,   .50
gle now being so "nobly" waged on
'the economic field" by the street car
.men here. Yesterday a rumor arose
that the strike waa settled and though
this turned out to be untrue they seem
.to be on the verge of a compromise.
The company ls well hated ln Winnipeg and for this reason the press Is
giving a very fair account of the
strike and even acknowledges (at least
the Telegram and Tribune do) that the
ctrlkers themselves are not performing
any acts of violence. Without violence
the atrlke would have been lost the
day U began but thanks to the "sympathisers' 'the union Is able to sit back
ln "masterly Inactivity" and make
printed appeals to their sympathisers
to abstain from destroying property.
Report does say that on the first day
strikers were seen enjoying the discomfiture of the company and its men
but  since  then they were ordered to
stay   away  from    the    trouble.    The ...„ ...... „,
Idiotic sympathisers will pay the pen- j '■ shown by the following which we
«lty  and  the  union  reap any  benefit | C|'P from the Miners' Magazine.
$4.00
ihe defense fund will be open here
for another month and Comrade Sibble
cun do as much as he likes towards
swelling the fund.
Yours for the cause.
M. C. WADE.
J. F. JONES,
A. 8. EMBREE,
Committee.
We are not In the least surprised at
the conduct of our travelling agent, as
Indicated above. When lt comes down
to matters of vital concern to the revolutionary movement of the proletariat Harry Sibble has a confirmed
habit of doing the right thing at the
oroper time.
It Is needless to remark that large
sums of money will be required to
secure, even to a limited extent, the
legal rights of our accused comrades
that every American sovereign Is supposed to enjoy In full measure. It Is,
therefore, necessary that every workingman do what he can In the matter
of financial aid. Those Clarion readers
who do not fall Into the clutches of
Comrade Sibble may forward their
contributions to tha Phoenix committee aa above, or to James Klrwan, acting secretary, W. F. M., Denver, Colorado. Let the response be generous
all along the line.
That the members of the W. F. M In
British Columbia are doing their share
Moyle, B. C, March 10, 1906.
Mr. James Klrwan, Acting Secretary
W. F. of M., Denver. Colorado:
Dear Sir and Brother,- Enclosed
please find check for $250. This Is the
first Installment of the contribution of
No. 71 towards the fund for the defense
of our officers now held ut Boise,
Idaho. Thc membership of No. 71 fully
realize the significance of this latest
move on the part of our friends(?)—
capitalism and its hirelings. And we
are determined to get In and do our
part towards meeting them. We are
small numerically, but will be In the
fight to the finish. The Plutes appear
to be getting desperate, sure enough.
They may possibly meet with a surprise this time, though.
with best wishes, i am fraternally
yours,
(Signed) THOMAS E. KELLY,
Secretary No. 71.
Greenwood, B. C. March 12, 1900.
Mr. James Klrwan, Denver, Colorado:
Dear Sir and Brother,—Please find
enclosed draft for $500, contribution
from Greenwood Miners' Union to the
Moyer - Haywood - Pettibone defense
fund. With best wishes. Yours fraternally,
(Signed) ERNEST MILLS,
Secretary of No. 22.
TIIK
DISASTER    IN    TIIK    COIR
RIKRKS MINK.
Never in the history of the coalmining industry hns such n frightful
disaster befallen the miners as thnt
which occurred at Bllly-Montlgny last
Saturday. This mining village is situated ln the Courrieres coalfields, between Doual and Lens. It ts a typical
French mining village, blackened and
smoke-stulned, and the population of
a little over 4,000 depend entirely upon
the mines. About 1,200 men appear to
have perished. It Is perhaps too early
to fix definitely the actual responsibility for this appalling destruction of
numan life, but once more we can
point out that It ls not the directors, lt
is not the shareholders, of the prosperous Coal Compngnle de Courrieres
who have suffered by this terrible disaster; lt Is the men, the wage-earners,
whose labor has built up the fortunes
of the company and provided the
salaries for the directors and dividends
for the shareholders, who have sustained casualties to un extent which
exceeds those of the toughest fights in
the South African War. At the funeral
of a number of the victims on Tuesday,
Basly, the well-known Socialist and
miners' deputy, charged the Courrieres
Company with being In large measure
resiMinslble for the disaster. Their
greed for guln, he asserted, bud led
them to neglect elementary precautions for the safety of the miners,
their one object being to Increase the
output of coal. The prosperity of the
1 ourrleres Company may be gauged
from the fnct that Its original 500-
franc preference shares are now quoted
at 3,740 francs! An Incident that
stands out In strong relief from the
Franco-flfrniiin bickerings in r-egar I
to Morocco is the assistance rendered
in rescue work hy German miners
from Westphalia. Over the graves of
their dead comrades, French and German miners can give silent handshakes
which manifest an entente no less
cordlale because of the sad and solemn
circumstances by which It Is surrounded. Needless to add thut we English
workers, too, Join our German brothers
In sympathy as practical as sincere
with the bereaved ones of our comrades of France.—"Justice."
It Is reported that Vancouver's acting mayor, upon whose shoulders fell
the burden of maintaining the clty'l
dignity during the late visit of Prince
Patrick Arthur, royal highness, or
whatever his name was, rushed aboard
the Princess Victoria upon her arrival
at the wharf for the purpose of welcoming the royal visitor. Rushing up
to the first person he saw on board,
and whom he took to be a deck-hand,
he announced himself to be the acting
mayor. The supposed deck-hand turned out to be the Prince himself much
to the discomfiture of the temporary
custodian of the city's dignity, it Is
claimed, however that there was really nothing In lhe Incident In any way
discreditable to the Prince or the acting mayor, either for that matter.
Deck-hands ought to be compelled to
we*r some Insignia of their rank and
office In order to prevent mistakes.
PROVINCIAL    ORGANIZATION
FUND.
Calls are coming In from various
parts of the Province for speakers
and organizers. The Provincial Executive desires to arrunge for complying with these demands during
the coming summer months. If tho
necessary funds can be providod several tours can be arranged for speakers whose services have already been
promised. It is confidently expected
that such tours, If prudently managed can bo made to largely pay
their own expenses through sales of
literature, collections, and contributions along the route. It is, however, absolutely necessary that funds
be providod In advance to enable
the committee to outfit Bpeak~rs so
that thoy may not Is; compelled to
no forth empty handed. Such fund
can be easily obtained If every person interested will do his little share
towards such end. It was docidod
at tho last meeting of the Committee to Issue a call for contributions
to an "Organizing Fund" through
tho columns of the Western Clarion,
such call to remain standing in its
columns. Acknowledgement of ull
moneys received will be made
through tho same medium, cither by
publication ot thc donor's name, or
such nom do plume as he may choose.
Moneys contributed to this fund
are to be used for the purposo above
stated only. Contributions should
lie sent to
W. H. FLOWERS, Sec.
Room 8, 223 Prior St.
Vancouver, B.C.
The following sums have been   received:
O, Rayner  fl.00
C. O. D. Penticton      1.00
Dr. Curry, Chilliwack      8.00
J. A. Tell, Spences Bridge $2.00
Or
s
i
9
9
I
i
«
9
9
i
i
9
9
&
S
fi
9
e
9
9
s
•
9
9
SPRING
GOODS
Just arrived from Glasgow,
Scotland. All kinds of Fine
and Fancy Worsteds, Tweeds,
Serges and Fine Striped Pant-
ings made to order in the
latest styles at the cheapest
prices. Give us a call immediately. With every suit Fit
guaranteed. Ladies' tailoring
a specialty.
CHARLIE  DUNN&CO.
Merchant Tailors
100 Hastings St.,   Vancouver.
«
«
*
i
w
«
«
«
«
«
i
«
«
»
«
»
w
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
*»©$*»**»»«»»«<&*»«»*»»»«»»»*®$5
DOMINION  OROANI-INO  FUND.
Thc Dominion Executive Committee
has decided to call (or funds to be
used for the purpose of pushing forward the work of organizing such
parts of the Dominion ol Canada aa
have not yet been reached. There la
n vast field to be covered which will
of necessity entail considerable expense. Thc necessary funds can. however, be obtained if IxK-als, Individual comrades and frienda will take
the matter up by gathering and forwarding such contributions as may
be forthcoming. As soon as the n-
i>uiMie funds may In- gathered it is
the Intention of the committee to
arrange trips, for one or more organ-'
izcrs, covering as large a section of
territory as possible. With energetic
action in tho matter of raising funds
and judicious ai'l'll, at ion nf the sarn.'
b.v the committee a much noedid
work may be carried out that will
bear fruit in future election campaigns.
All money received for this fund,
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at its nu-ct-
ing on Feb. 27, appropriated from
the flcneral Fund tbe sum of $'J.V
to be applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of thc WMtfrn Clarion.
Dominion Organizing  Fund.
The following sums have been received to date:
Dominion Ex.  Com  138.00
Local Toronto         5.00
This is Our
Proposition
without reservation of any kits'
The choice of hundreds of men's me
p—rbly tailored and faultlesr-ly l.-b
ioned $15 to $20 Suits for
$10.00
Full  and  complete  lines  in  almost
every   style — garments   that   -*••>
matte   to sell    at almost    i*i<« _«
prices now  askod  for  them ar*   hers
j In a profusion of styles and fab ki
I Never    before   was    our claim   "W»
i give, most for your money," so clear-
lv  demonstrated.
KILROY, MORGAN AO., Ltd.
IW ttrrnn tlrtat
Forward all contributions to
J. O. MOROAK. Her.
Sol  Barnard St.
Vancouver,  B.C.
PHONE  A1676
YismUqp
Employment   and   Financial Agent*
Ileal  Estate    Experts  and    Bust-inn
Brokers.
1 »»»•»♦♦♦♦•♦»»»»»»••♦•»»•♦
BURNS & CO.
HARDWARE and
: Second Hand Oealer
Cook "Moves and Toole a
Specialty.
We buy and sell all kinds of
scrap metal, old machinery,
rubber, aacka, bottles, ate.
Stores—138 Cordova St.. B„
hardware A Junk. 101 Towrll
St., now and second-hand furniture.
'PkNtll?!      VtKttmf, 1.1. ;
t+*)M»«»»»»»»eM»»»eef »»
AS A PROMOTER
OF PUBLICITY
Iloom  9,  Miller  Block.
23 Cordova St. Vancouver, BC.
LEE t MORGAN
Telephone 3391.
Sanitary Experts. Plumbing la all
ita branches Estimates tarnished.
Itepalrs, stove connections, eta.
CHAROES  REASONABLE
NS VCSTHIISTCR AVE., tmrnt *i Mar.
among the wage-earners of British Columbia, "The Clarion" ts
a winner. It has over
2200 paid-up readers.
Mail-order houses will
find it a business-
bringer.
THE
WESTERN
CLARION.
WAOELALOR
AND CAPITAL
HY KARL MARX.
Single copies, & cents; <
copies, 25 cents; lt copies, 5*
cents; 40 copies. 91.00; It*
toples and over, 2 cents per
copy.
These rates include postage
to any part of Canada of th*
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion
11 . >
■Ml
Maker
C. PETERS "St,
Hand-Made Boots antl Shoes to order to
sit styles.   Hrpsirlos promptly sn<l unity done.     Stock  or staple  re sdy-msdt
Khurs always 00 hau.l.
MM Wt.t_li.ttf Am      MmM fkautt.
Let the Clarion print your
printing.   Tel. 824.   Box 836.
GAS TO BURN
8IVEI YOU TIME ANO MONEY TO BONN
I'o you do your own Cooking? Would you like to have mors
time to   dovote to your housework,  fancywork, children, er hustiaml?
An up-to-date Oas Range tor ovpn our Oas Hot Platen) will help
you out beyond your exportation*. Where you fonnorly spsnt an
hour km ting a meal ready, you will find that you can accomplish
•he same In IS to 20 minutes with a Qaa Range, and obtain net
-er results.
Coll and examine our stock.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
-sa-o-M._H ■--■■-■ !■■■»»■ ■■■■«■■■■■■     ■■
t I .-•-±.'r?>'irrWBfi*ifr*mafaw

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