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The Western Clarion 1906-04-28

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TMi»" 5173
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
fl *-c_*
13 mz
8 180<
* suUcrlptioa Prise
Psa Yeas
Ivan Norodny, who led the Crorutadt Mutineers and who it
now a Refugee in the United States Relates how
Brave Lieutenant Schmidt met his Death.
(From the New York Sun.)
[van Norodny, Russian revolullon-
„ry, head of the attempt ■'* mutiny in
Cronstadt last year ;me1 Minister of
Domestic Affairs In thc abortive provisional government In the Baltic pro-
vlll(,.,. has arrived In New York a re-
fug,.,. »nd Is staying at "A Club" In
•fifth avenue. He a*Mp*u from Russia In the disguise of an army surgeon
,.iri_v n, J.muary wilh u 30.000 ruble
prior, on Ills heml. Thut price hus
!„.,.„ collected by the way. and Nor-
,HjMy doesn't know whether he has a
pries (>n hi. head or not. There Is a
BUni In It, such a game as should
,,,.,,,i..de any one tliul the Russian
people ire ready for self-government.
About --i noon as Nomdny got away
u man hearing a remarkable resemb-
I.uh, lu his published description ap-
pasred In St Petersburg and flaunted
himself In-fore the police. Hirn the
bead COn man pointed out to the police .,* Norodny. He was arrested at
once and damning proofs were found
00 hi» person. He protested loudly
that In was ROl Norodny, but could
bring t»0 witnesses to prove It.
Th. case seemed so strong that the
authorities paid the full amount of the
reward and the head fakir (Talked out
„( right "f thee police. Three days lut-
,r the i-xiHtanl faktr brought absolute-
proofl i" show that he was not Norodny. There was no proof that he connived with the head con man In putting up that game-- still proof ts not
lealli needed In Russia just now. At
any rai-. the- prisoner walked out -
free BUM, hiked off semc»here. and
Jlrried up. If. therefore, yciu see a
Iluwiaii policeman coming don't turn
Norodny over to hirn. You might not
gel  yeur  money.
Norodny, a little Russian and an
"Intellectual,'* told ngnln the story of
lhe trouble In the Hlae-k Ke*a and the
Baltic He Is Just In receipt of a let-
ter fri'm an attorney named Itlasru-r.
who WM an eyewitness to the- cxei-u-
turn nf Lieutenant Schmidt. Of the
llusslun navy on March 19th. nt Otch-
Norodny has been studying Kngll-eh
for only three weeks. Being a Russian, ke has caught nearly the whole
vocabulary of the language, but his
pronunciation is KarrtnyKleKk and he
re-ts twisted on Idioms. His trnnsl.i-
llnn of tin- le-ller was free, therefore.
This in the substance of it:
I an Dm- assassin of Grand Duke
Bet-gin* hanged; yet that was as nothing f>T horror with this shooting. My
ben refuses to move when I think of
I It
"At 4 o'clock In the morning he was
ll.'! nut on a little Island, together with
[three- ,   tnmem  sailors  who died    with
1 Mm Ills struggle to the end was
J tn mv Hit- thr"e sailors. On the way
Ito thi- 111 nid he I- KKmt for permission
t" Mnd a telegram to St. Petersburg
taking all the responsibility and SXon-
erahng the sailors. The admiral re-
tuie-d thai Then let me at least die
like nn officer.' he sold. "Do rwd blind
I 6r bind me.'
"They granted thnt. and decided
that slnci- he could see and the others
would die blind, he shciulel be shot
first Schmidt wns placed with has
beck ag-nlnst the hill. Thirty men Of
hl» own command, many of whom
loved him. were told off to kill him.
It was being done for an example
and the autocracy spared no horror.
"Now, the ndmlr.il feared thnt the-ie
men might not shoot at the word, ntul
behind thi-m he- stationed 100 men.
■'I'll loaded rifles trained on every'
man of the firing se|tind. Their orders
were to shoot Instantly nny man who
■slled t„ fire. Schmidt did not know
"il": hail he I nm certain thnt he
Would have begged them to fire If
th*.> loved him. sine** bis end was In-
"Schmldlt w ilked like n soldier to
Die spot. All the way he spoke Inces-
nathj to the soldiers who walked to
"glit ami left, exhorting Ihem  to rise
'"r humanity,    a  priest approached
" 'No.' said Schmidt, kindly. 'I he-
llsvs In no Cod except the good of humanity.- Then he stepped Into his
"The officer had drawn his sword
**h*n Schmidt called out:
Walt. I want a glass of v.-ntcr!
v'»i will not refuse that to a dying
man!' it seemed a strange request, but
'hey granted It. Hardly were the water bearers out of range when he
rallied the glass high nbove his head:
'To the people of Russia!' he
cried, To the Russian people and the
Social Revolution!'
"Those were his Inst words, for the
fifflcw, seeing It all now, cried:
""nly sixteen of the thirty men In
ln" firing squad fired. The rest low-
•red thelr pieces, overcome by the
"ubllnilty of this pledge In the face of
"Tho admiral kept his word. The
•*•"-*««*, who had fired were ordered
'apldly out of line; the fourteen who
railed weie kept In place, their backs
toward their death.
" fire!' said the officer of tho 200
m,'n behind.
"Probably  nol   more  than  half of
'"em obeyed, but It was enough. The
'•urtson men fell as one man. Then
[hey proceoded with thc butchery of
the three condemned soldiers.
"The men  hnd fired for tho most
part at the breast of Schmidt, and not
ut his head. He dropped the gloss
as he fell, but his right arm was still
raised high over his head In a toast
to  the  Russian people.
What a day was this, comrade, ln
the history of Russia!"
Itlasner was attorney for Schmidt
during his trial, and was admitted to
the execution on that account.
"It appears." said Norodny, "that
the American people are under the
Impression that Schmldlt was the
lender In the Krilaz ft-otempkln affair.
That Is not tru-. He was never near
the trouble. At the time he had two
months leave and was working among
lhe   llaillc  provinces.
Thi- general mutiny, led by Schmidt,
wus under preparation, and the ships
were ull to be cuptured at once, when
friction uriise between the officers and
men of the I'otemkln. arid that mutiny-
was on. Ry keeping the men in Ignorance by various devices, they held
things safe. Had Schmidt been on the
I'otemkln, she would never hove fall-
eel, for all she needed was a guiding
hand.    Schmidt  was arrested  later,
"I led to.ouu men for one night In
the mutiny at c'ronsladt. This is how
It   happened:
"We hod ihe 40.000 men In garrison
there  honeycombed  with    revolution.
There   were   many   groups   In   every
company and a leader In every camp.
It   wns  all   re-ady.   but  we  wanted  to j
test  It,  and  the-  imprisonment of six- !
te-iri sailors In  the  fe rtress there was j
a   great  opportunity—for there    was
gre-nt  Indignation over It.
"The movement was made at 2 j
o'clock In the morning. That night j
most eif the officers were away drink- i
Ing. In the costume of a general—
tor Russian peasant soldiers will obey !
only u uniform — I passed the friend- I
ly sentries, took my stand on the pa- 1
tadc ground and ordered the signal—
a long ruffle on the drums.
"The- men responded splendidly.
Thoy fill In. We went about making
speeches, telling them that we were'
going to resCOe their comrades, after
Which WO would let them go bock to
ttie-lr barracks, In an orderly manner a picked corps marched down to
the fortress, demanded the keys and
got their comrades. We marched
them back and sent them to bed. Most
<if the officers and the town authorities ran away and stayed away until
it   blew over.
"Ilut the government withdrew the
troops, and we proclaimed at once the
republic In the Baltic provinces. Do
you know whnt that means? The first
republic proclaimed on Russian soil—
our Independence Day. It lasted three
Weeks. We hopefully made all preparations to govern — we even selied
the mint and got out s currency. Then
came the Cossacks — there ls no
making -"evolution with them. They
work for their hire. They killed about I
as they  pleased.
"I was disguised ln the uniform of
n retiree! army surgeon, and the chase
got hot at times. Of the slaughter I
will tell you only what I saw.
"A schoolmaster, not guilty, as I
knew, of assisting the new republic
but guilty of writing liberal articles,
win, tied to a telegraph pole. with
two Other men — nlso merely Liberals. All were married and had children. Their families were forced to
stand under a Cossack guard and
watch the execution — when the women tried to turn away the Cossacks
under orders turned their eyes toward
the  scene.
"I saw that — I. to whom Just such
:t thing might happen If they found
inc. Bo at last I bribed my way across
the border to tlertnany.
•We are the military party. We
r.rc for an organised armed revolution.
When, next summer, we hoist the
► milliard and port of the army comes
to Join us, the social Democrats will
come too. The Duma is onl and dried.
The governmi'tit sent out to each district the list of men they wanted elected -and  they  were elected.
"I cannot speak for the rest of the
country, but In Utile Russia we have
40 per cent of the officers and 60 per
cent of the men. I make two exceptions, though. The crack guards, officers and men. are all loynl; ond the
Cossack privates are too wild and Ignorant to be taught revolution. They
sluughler where they are paid: they
nre  now  the hangmen of Russia."
koto Is sufficient to sever all Irksome
matrimonial bonds, making polygamy
easy and respectable. If the worst
construction put on the Gorky case
I* thc true one there ls not a Socialist
on this continent who will palliate hie
conduct or who will not feel wounded
thereby. At the same time Yankee
society is hardly qualified to cast
stones at him. Neither Is Its Canuk
cousin, who ls not adverse to taking
up a brief residence In Uncle Barn's
domain with ulterior matrimonial motives.
Sex Infllellty Is the necessary fruit
of economic slavery, leading dally to
a million acts which poison family
life and Induce race suicide. The Socialist puts no faith in human perfection. Man Is a low animal — In
fact a sort of bundle of all the fallings of the other families of the animal kingdom — but possessing great
capabilities. Given economic freedom he would have an opportunity
of developing what is good in htm,
Instead Of developing, as under capitalism, only those characteristics
which he shares with the brutes.
With economic freedom men and women would form life-unions, under
no compelling Influence save that of
the cherub with the bow and arrow.
Gorky has not sprung from that claae
of society distinguished tor keen
moral sense and the highest standard
of living. Rather he has emerged
from thc human rag, bone and garbage heaps which so plentifully litter
the back doors of capitalism. That
he la able to go ln for divorce and a
matrimonial alliance with an actress
shows he has climbed to the top of the
ladder, according to the views of modern society, and If he had only discarded his Socialism with his first
wife, New York four hundred would
have received him with open arms.
This sex Infidelity, Including divorce,
prostitution, renunciation of maternity
and so forth ts the bitterest fruit of
capitalism. The Socialist would nip it
In the bud by emancipating the economic slaves. Ao for this Gorky, he
Is what he Is, and the world must take
him as lt finds him. If the worst that
tbe press has reported be true it ls no
concern of Socialists. An organization Is not to be judged from a blemished sample, else how would our
would-be friend, the church, fare? Because there Is such a thing as rotten
eggs that food product Is not discarded by consumers. These remarks are.
of course, qualified with a big "lf"
which more exact Information may remove to the advantage of Mr. Gorky.
—Winnipeg Voice.
Clever Writer ftepwKatee Boirgeefs Twaddle Aleut the Virtu*
of laker aad Baldly Aetertt That Laziness is the
Mather af Meana Praams.
In this column last week the writer was made to aay "the co-operative community can produce all It
requires." This should have read
"cannot produce," exactly the reverse
of what appeared In type. Again In
tepeaklng of the wondrous generosity
of that murderous brute known aa the
Czar of Russia, ln feeding some few
of the starving children of that unhappy country the writer was made
to say that "doubtless the children
and those of their parents that have
been butchered" are filled with gratitude. Of course this should have
read "their parents that have not been
butchered." Individuals that have
been butchered are dead, and If they
are filled with anything It will certainly not be with gratitude to the
butcher. This mangling of the text
doth tend to move the innocent writer
to wrath, but, write he never so wisely
it Is his lot.
•    •    •
Capitalism Is unable to dispose of
all its products In ' the country ln
which they ore produced. The workers are unable to buy back what
they have produced as they receive
c nly a fraction of the value of their
product, the parasites, though consuming much and wasting more, are
unable to consume the ever Increasing stream of surplus products and
the surplus must first find a sale elsewhere. China and Japan have long
been looked upon as well nigh Inexhaustible markets for    the      surplus
products of the west. It, however,
will not be the case in the near future.
Capitalism has arrived in Japan to
stay. "Already by 1889." says De
Leon, "Japan had 35,000 spindles, ten
years ago she had come up to 380,000;
three years ago to a million. Nor did
that which thla development theoretically Indicates remain absent—even
ln tempo with Japan's importations of
raw material did her Importations of
manufactured articles decrease and
her exportatlons of these manufactures to Asiatic markets, once controlled by American and European capitalism exclusively, increase." Since
the Russo-Japanese war the Chinese
ire putting aside their jealousy of the
Japanese and are learning what their
yellow brothers hove to teach. With
a ready-made proletariat millions
strong lt fairly staggers the mind to
contemplate the vast mass of manufactured goods which the coming Chinese capitalist class wili be able to
pile up In the near future. They will
ell have to be sold. Then woe to the
western capitalist. The end of capitalism will be at hand. The western
capitalist cannot hope to produce a.
cheaply as hia Oriental competUor
Forelgn markets will be closed ti
western nations, over-production will
then be chronic and the enormous
army of unemployed, dally augmented
will not consent to starve In the midst
of plenty. Truly the handwriting Is
on the wall. He who runs may read.
Spartacus. ln the "Winnipeg Voice."
Maxim Gorki was born at Ztzhnl,
Norgowd, In-1868, and began the struggle for existence as a shoemaker's apprentice, becoming In turn a gardener, a ship's cook, a baker, a porter, a
lawyer's clerk, and finally a tramp.
and as such traveled over the greater
part of Russia. Material for his subsequent literary work waa derived
from his experiences among the proletariat and tramps with whom he associated, and he ls recognised throughout the world as Interpreter of the
feelings, hopes, miseries and ambitions
of the poor people of Russia.
His real name Is Alexel Maxtmovltch
Yyerkoff. Gorki (signifying bitter) being his literary name.
Gorki learned to real and write
while a ship's cook, the head cook being a student of the classical authors
ln all languages and he waa the first
to arouse the dormant genius in the
homeless  boy   who has since  become
world famous. Gorki's short stories
are literary masterpieces and his prose,
poems and plays have been a great
factor ln arousing the revolutionary
sentiment among all classes in Russia.
Gorki has braved the despotism of
Russia many times and has suffered
Imprisonment and exile as a consequence.
He was legally divorced fron his
first wife and married to the present
Madame Gorki in Finland three years
ago. Because of his revolutionary
character the autocracy refused to give
official sanction to his divorce 11 Russia, but the divorce ls recognized as
legal by his first wife and all classes.
The present outcry against Gorki
and his wife ls undoubtedly inspired
by agents of the Russian autocracy
and quickly seized upon by the capitalist hirelings Ir. this country* to try
and discredit Gorki's mission to raise
funds for the Russian Revolution.—Toledo Socialist.
The Reason of tno Soo.nl ostracism ol
Maxim Gorky.
Maxim Gorky has aroused the opposition of Mrs. Grundy! Marriages
are made In heaven, but not very
many The larger proportion of them
,„ the OlvlllMd society of to-day are
band on commercial considerations or
. , venlen.'o. leaving the heart like nn
.„ amed bird. In Gorky* counter,
like other countries ln which the re-
Jloof the Greek church Is the na-
.mui religion, divorces are not per.
„ tod. Henoe If •* man or woman
SStht bonds of a marriage deoon-
venlence   un.upportable.   nnd has .the
•tlnent.    A brief sojourn In Norm un
Numerous stories are afloat regarding the work of ghouls at San Fran-
c-lscci during the recent earthquake
and fire. Also as to Indiscriminate
shooting Indulged ln by soldiers. Give
a pin-headed fool so utterly devoid of
sense "as to become a soldier, a gun
and a little brief authority and he
may be depended upon to satisfy his
murder lust nt the first opportunity,
it Is true the work of ghouls Is to be
condemned. Between them and soldiers there Is not enough difference
In the scale of being to bother kicking
about. Capitalism breeds them both,
and they nre faithful images of their
parent. "Chips off thc old block,"
as It were.
Hearst's Chicago American thinks
"the time and opportunity Is at hand
for a new order of things In the management of political affairs." The new
order of things will reach much farther
than mere political affairs, the "Amer-
Icon" may rest assured. The time Is
at hond for a complete change In the
management of Industrial affairs, if
the race Is to move forward In the
scale of civilisation.
While exposures of graft, swindle
and business chicanery are becoming
as thick as leaves In a forest, the wage-
mute should not ln momentary excitement allow himself to forget the foot
that the exploitation of hts class in the
field of production affords the fundamental basis from which all of this
world-wide and stupendous riot of
graft and thievery springs. It Is merely
the aftermath of the robbery of labor
of Its product and must logically continue and Increase so long as the workers submit their necks to the yoke of
The minister of railways has forbidden the employees of the Intercolonial railway taking part In politics
by allowing themselves to be nomlnat-
ted ns candidates for public office.
There Is government ownership for
vou! How do you like It? Perchance
you think Socialism and government
ownership mean the same thing. Better take n tumble.
"We are governed and should have
a voice In making the laws by which
we are governed." Thus sayeth some
of the gentler sex who evidently aspire
to greater privilege ln the body politic.
For the governed to aspire to a voice
tn framing thc rules whereby their conduct ts "determined by their rulers Is a
piece of Impertinence that should be
frowned down even though coming from
woman, lovely woman. What these
good dames want, whether they realize
It or not, ls freedom and not government. These, by the way, ennnot exist
In the same atmosphere.
At Munhoff. Russia, recently the
Revolutionary congregation of a Lutheran pastor threw their "shepherd" out
of the church window while they sang
the "Marseillaise." In the Interest of
property, lt Is to be hoped the window was opened before the clerical wns
given his passport through tt.
The capitalist press, the public
schools and other Institutions for the
distribution of economic misconceptions, are constantly dinning Into our
ears the worn-obt fallacy that human
progress and modern civilization are
due to an inherent human desire to
They tell us that If the human race
(which means tbe working class)
should be allowed to become lazy, we
would straightway return to a state of
pre-historic savagery.
When pre-hlstorlc man first trained
the horse as a beast of burden, did he
do so in order to bestow on that horse
the blessings of hours to toll? Not
much! The horse was trained to carry
burdens so that the man would be free
to enjoy the blessings of laziness.
Later on some one invented a cart,
and ln time carts came to be commonly used. Was that because men enjoyed making carts? No; lt was because
one horse can pull as great a load "i
two or three horses can carry; and It
takes less work to raise, train and
feed one horse than to raise, train and
feed two or three. The cart waa Invented and used because men were
Are threshing machines made and used today because men like to make and
use them? No; they are made and
used because there is too much honest toil in the hand method of threshing grain.
Is there a single labor-saving machine made or used today that is not
an incontestlble proof that the human
race is lazy?
An Inventor Invents a labor-saving
machine because there is a demand
for it. and he believes that by supplying that demand he will avoid some
hard work In the future. There Is
a den.und for such a machine because
some capitalist finds that the wages
demanded by his employes does not
leave him a sufficient profit to satisfy
his desire for wealth, and he wants
that wealth to keep him and his children fioni having to work for a living.
The employes demand a certain
amount of wages because, while they
know they are forced to work they
still want the be?t living they can get
for as little work as possible. In other
words, the machine Is Invented because the Inventor ls lazy, because the
capitalist Is lazy, and because the employes would be lazy if they had the
Some centuries ago the Christian nations fought against the Turks and
other heathen nations Was lt because they wanted to convert the heathen to Christianity and give them a
free ticket to heaven? Hardly. It
was because they found lt easier to
steal a living in a foreign country than
to work for it at home.
At the present time our preachers
and priests are telling us that Christianity has so far succeeded in civilizing the world that we are now having international peace conferences.
That is a mistake, and it is my duty
to correct tt. Owing to the laziness
of our forefathers and of ourselves,
our machinery of production Is so
much Improved that lt is bow much
easier to make our living by our own
labor at home than to tramp half way
around the world and force some other
nation to produce a living for us.
When we thoroughly realise that
fact, lt won't ever be necessary to
bother with International peace conferences.
Every step ln human progress, every
advance of civilisation, has been due
to the inherent laziness of humanity.
Human intelligence has increased and
improved through the constant study
of ways and means to avoid work. And
yet we wax eloquent In defending our
right to work. What use would our
civilisation be If we were not lazy?
What are the conveniences of the
twentieth century for If it Isn't to
save us from work? Would we make
elevators if we enjoyed climbing
stairs? Would the electric railroads
be of any use lf we liked to walk?
Would labor-saving machinery be of
any advantage If we loved the weary
toll of hand production?
Let us quit the hypocritical cant
about our right to work and the blessings of honest toll; let us admit to
ourselves and to our fellow men that
we are slaves and work because our
masters bid us do so, and that we toll
because we must, not because we regard lt as a blessing.
Hunger and want and destitution
are stalking among the crowded warehouses we have filled, and the empty
palaces we have built, and you see
It and wonder why lt ls so. I wtll tell
We have surrendered the earth to
the Idle few; we have invented and
made machines to do the work of the
world, and we have given them away.
We are now trying to compete with
the machines we made, to force them
out of business, and to do the world's
work with our naked hands. We have
allowed the laziness of the world to
become concentrated In the parasitic
class of society, while we suffer torments from a surfeit of honest toll.
What a lot of leather-headed fools we
are, anyway!
If we wish to further human progress. If we want civilisation to advance, we must make the earth the
common property of humanity, we
must allow the machines, the product
of our brain and brawn, to do our
work for us, and we must make lazi
ness  the Inviolable    heritage    of   all
Yours  for—universal   laziness.
-B.  E. NILSSON, in Common Sense.
The following from the Outlook Mag- '
azlne, affords a most striking illustration of the growth of working class
solidarity, as evidenced by those trade
unions that are the most advanced in
understanding the great problem that
Is ever more persistently forcing Itself
to the front and demanding solution
at the hands of the enslaved working
class. From the sentiments expressed
In the following, and attributed to the
members of tbe W. F. of M. who have
been called upon to preside over that
organisation during the absence of its
duly elected regular officers, lt Is not
a far cry to the time when the old differences and animosities that have
been so prolific-ally engendered by the
struggle for existence among slaves ln
capitalism's wage market will have
been entirely forgotten, and the wage
slaves guided by the new star of hope
will march forward shoulder to shoulder as brothers and men to the conquest of the requisite power to bring
forever to an end the long night of
wage-servitude and proclaim the dawn
of Labor's freedom.
Ali hail to class solidarity among the
workers. Class action and victory will
-wuredlv follow.
"The arrest of the president and secretary of the Western Miners' Federa-
been so proliflcally engendered by the
tion on the charge of having been concerned in the murder of the late Governor Steunenberg of Idaho was lately
reported In  the Outlook.    In  view of
the fact that this miners' labor union
is charged with having connived in the
murder of some thirty men, lt ia of Interest to know that men who are officers and leaders In that union describe
Its purposes and principles as In some
points far more liberal than the labor
unions In the east.    A correspondent
of the Outlook recently had an interview with three of the officers of the
Western Federation ot Miners, whom
he describes as but lately engaged in
drilling underground but now called to
Denver to manage the affairs of 60,000
union members during the absence of
President Moyer and  Secretary Haywood.   He found them to be theoretical
Socialists.   In response to his question
as to why they were unusually liberal
in opening the union to any applicants,
one  of them said:   'We  don't  believe
that we ought ever to erect any barriers   between   one  workingman    and
another workingman. The workingman
who ls excluded from the unions Is the
man who ln the long run will break
the unions up.   So we take in everybody.   We enroll the man who does the
mining, and the man who   does   the
shoveling and the man who runs the
engines,  and the man who  does   the
common labor, and the man who drives
the   teams,   and  everybody   who does
anything in or around  a mine.    And
we keep the wages of the    unskilled
man as close to the wages of the skilled man as possible.   Where the skilled
man Is getting, three and a half a day,
we like to see the unskilled man get
about three.'   And In reply to the suggestion that a greater distinction than
this  would give the unskilled man a
greater incentive to become skilled, the
same union officer said:   That ls one
way of looking at It.    You  want the
men to compete with each other harder.
We believe that modern life makes us
compete enough anyhow, and we want
to see the unskilled   man   prosperous
and happy, because there are more of
him than of us after all and always
will be, and we must raise him as far
as possible toward our level of Income
or else he will drag us down to his.
All workingmen must rise or fall together.    That's our philosophy.'    The
fact  that  the Western  Federation of
Miners admits members of other unions
freely suggested the question.  'Aren't
you interested ln keeping the mining
industry  to  yourselves?'    The prompt
reply was, "No, we are not.   We never
make any attempt to restrict the number of men who want to learn the mining trade.   We have no apprentice system.    And we admit without question
any man who has a card from   any
other bona fide labor organization. You
can go tomorrow and get a job ln any
mine where our organization ia strong.
You may displace one of our members.
We don't care.   All that we insist upon
is   that  after  you  have  been   In  the
mine a certain number of months you
ought  to join  our organisation.    We
are not a gang of monopolistic pirates
building a stone wall around the mining Industry In order to hog all the Jobs
In tt.    Our Idea Is quite different, end
we think lt ls a better Idea.   We want
all workingmen In the mining Industry
and  ln all other Industries to be together, whether they are skilled or unskilled, and we think that when you
keep a man out of a union you turn
him from a workingman Into an enemy
of the working class.   Our Idea Is that
It ls only by an absolutely united working class that anything can be accomplished against capitalism.   We are not
Interested ln ourselves as miners.   We
ere interested  in  ourselves  as  workingmen.    Therefore   we    demand    no
closed shop contract with    the   mine
owners, we Impose no restriction upon
the amount of work a man may do tn
a day, we keep no one out through an
(Continued on  Page Three.)
* fl
mmn ■
lis •,
It, '
Saturday April 28 tot*
W Woslern Clarion
Published every Saturday in tha
tataraots of tho working class alone
at U*s Office of tho Western Clarion,
VlMk Block basement, 165 Bastings
Street, Vancouver. B. C.
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly subecrlpttoa cards In   lota
of -to or more, 75 coats each.
Ad-ertls-ig rates on application.
If you receive thla paper, It is paid
oil communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch thla label oa your pa-
Bsr. If thla nuaAtsr la on It,
tour ■uhaerlptloa expires tha
Saturday April 28, 1906.
From the frightful disaster which
has befallen San Francisco and other
California towns within the past few
days a valuable lesson may be drawn,
that should ao far towards making
such provisions for the future as would
tend to reduce the terrible results of
such calamities to the minimum.
Against such visitations as the one ln
question it Is beyond the power of human foresight to effectually safeguard,
but it is easily within human reach to
e*> provide that much of the horror of
such occurrences could be eliminated.
One of the most marked tendencies
of capitalist development is to compel
such a congestion of population around
ever narrowing centers ot Industrial
and commercial activity as to Insure a
most harrowing loss of human life in
the event of any such sudden catastrophe as an earthquake, an unmanageable conflagration, an explosion, a
flood or an epidemic.
That there haa been an awful loss
of human life in San Francisco no one
can well doubt Those who were at
all familiar with the city will readily
understand ln what quarter of lt the
greatest loss of life must inevitably
have occurred. In the lodging and tenement district, reaching from Chinatown ln a sort of semi-circle around
the north and eastern sides of the
wholesale district and thence along the
south side of Market street well out
towards the Mission, countless thousands of working people were herded ln
buildings that collapsed like houses
of cards under the fearful strain
of the upheaval. That a terrible
loss of life must have resulted
from the collapse of these veritable "warrens of tbe poor" goes without saying. As this entire district was
speedily swept clean by the fire, it is
probably beyond human power to determine with any degree of accuracy
how many perished ln the ruins. In
the other parts of the city where the
crowding of population was less and
the buildings were of more modern and
substantial construction, the loss of life
appears from all accounts to have been
trifling in comparison.
Alongside of the congestion of population that not only surrounds its victims with a multitude ot dangers that
might otherwise be avoided or at least
minimised,- the total Inadequacy of the
present system of property to cope with
disaster when it does come baa been
clearly demonstrated ln connection
with this California horror. Property
to tho amount of perhaps $200,000,000
wiped out and some hundreds of thousands of people rendered temporarily
shelterless In tho richest nation on tbe
globe a nation of fully 86,000,000 people and which boasts of a wealth
amounting to over ono hundred billions
of dollars, and yat when thla comparative handful of people are suddenly
rendered homeless and without the ne-
sessaries of life, as tbe result of a disaster which overtook them unawares,
the capitalist system could afford them
no measure of relief other than such
ao might come In tho nature of a charity offering. There are fully 26,000,000
able-bodied adult males In the United
States. Armed with the modern implements of Industry the product of
one days labor of these 25,000,00 men
would be equivalent to all the wealth
destroyed by the San Francisco holocaust In a well-ordered commonwealth, that was Justly entitled to lay
claim to the possession of common decency, no property loss would fall upon
the residents of the afflicted district.
This loss would fall solely upon the
nation and for the reasons above stated would be of such trifling consequence
as to deserve little more than passing
In such a commonwealth, with production carried on for use and not for
profit, the present tendency towards a
dangerous crowding of population Into
narrow areas of poorly-built, ramshackle structures would be reversed
and the risk of life and limb In time
of disaster consequently be reduced to
a minimum. The loss that under such
circumstances would fall upon the Individuals involved, would be measured
solely by the personal discomforts resulting from the disaster and pending
the time necessary to repair the damage.
The loss must now be borne by those
who are the direct victims of the disaster,. The charitable wave that Is
now at flood-tide will subside as rapidly
as lt arose. In a few short weeks the
affair, ln so far as the working class
victims are concerned, will be forgotten. Stripped of their paltry belongings, they will be forced by their necessities to turn to and resume the
continued struggle for existence ln the
wage shambles of capitalism. They
will pick up the ends of the broken
thread of wage-servitude where the
earthquake snapped them asunder.
Some will leave for other parts; others
will come to take their places, but
come or go as they will they cannot
escape the beast of capital. Out of
their sweat and blood and misery will
be built another San Francisco, with
IU vulgar Clam alley, Tar flat and
Barbery Coast districts for wage-
slaves, and ita equally vulgar Nob Hill,
Van Ness avenue and Western addition for capitalist masters. And the
only difference ln their respective vulgarity will be that the former will be
timid and shrinking while the latter
will be brazen and pronounced.
The lesson to be drawn from the San
Francisco calamity is that Just as capitalism is Impotent to conserve the
needs of human society when the
weather is fair and the skies are clear,
so is it an impotent imbecile when adversity arises and disaster comes. It
can bury its fangs deep ln the flesh of
wage-slaves and such their blood. Beyond this its votaries can do nothing
but wallow ln their own fllth and fat.
It ls the workers, the useful ones of
human society, who are sufferers by
this calamity. It is from their ranks
that the grim reaper has gathered the
harvest, it is from their flesh and
blood and bone and sinew that capital will recoup itself for such loss of
property as It may have suffered. After
the damage has been repaired to the
last farthing, the pious Inclined may
truthfully say, "Labor paid lt alL"
be tendered the wise postal officials
at Ottawa for so ably and unanswerably confirming the Socialist contention. Let every Socialist from the
West coast to Newfoundland get busy
in spreading the glad tidings to ever-
working man ln Canada, that his slavery has been officially affirmed by
the political high priests of capitalist
property at Ottawa, by printing and
circulating the offending article of
Comrade Debs along with a concise
statement of the facts connected
therewith. In order to assure the
Canadian wrkmen that Deb's "Arouse
Ye Slaves" was addressed especially
to them, embody In this leaflet
the official certificate thereof so kindly furnished by the postal officials at
Ottawa In the above letter to Way-
"Arouse, Ye Slaves!" Your masters
evidently wish you to get busy and-
are doing all their ignorance can devise to help your cause along.
In answer to a telegram sent to the
Dominion Postofflce Department asking the reason his paper was excluded
from the Canadian malls, J. A. Way-
Utnd, editor of the "Appead to Reason," received the following reply:
Postofrice Department
Ottawa, Ont, April 11th, 180«.
Sir:—I am to acknowledge the receipt of your telegram of the 10th
inst, upon the subject of the prohibition of transmission by post in Canada of "Appeal to Reason."
In reply, I am to say that a copy of
"Appeal to Reason," dated March
10th, 1006, was submitted to the Department and upon examination lt
was found to contain, among other
matter, an article entitled "Arouse Ye
Slaves," signed by Eugene V. Debs,
which the Department considers of
such a nature as to debar the paper
from the use of Canadian malls. I
am, Sir, your obedient servant
Acting Deputy Postmaster General.
The offending article was run ln
the Western Clarion, dated March
17th, 1906, under caption "Debs
Sounds Warning Note." It waa called
forth from Comrade Debs by the brutal arrest and abduction of the officials of the Western - Federation of
Miners by the capitalist authorities of
Idaho and Colorado.
If there is any one particular thing
supposed to be good for the soul it
Is "open confession." The Postal authorities at Ottawa, whether intentionally or otherwise, in the above action
have made a confession that while It
may not prove a soothing balm to
their official souls ought to act as
hoth purgative and emetic to the soul
of the unsophisticated working man
who has been fancying himself free.
If there are no slaves in Canada
then the appeal of all the agitators on
earth for slaves to arouse could not
so much as cause a ripple upon the
placid surface of Canadian life. All
such appeals would fall flat as the
material from which alone a response
could come would be lacking. The
action taken by the postal authorities
makes plain the fact that slaves not
only exist in Canada, but also that
their masters are being thrown Into
a cold sweat for fear that they may
become cognisant of their slavery and
take steps to break their chains.
The Socialist has always contended
that the systtm of wage labor was but
the age-long human slavery In modern
garb. In essence and purpose lt ls
the same aa In the days when pyramids were builded by captive Jews under the cruel lash of their conquering
task-masters. A vote of thanks should
Among those whose position In present day society condemns them to the
dally drudgery of a wage-slave's existence It ls reasonable to expect to
find no Inconsiderable lack of understanding of even such a world-wide
movement as Socialism. Having limited leisure time in which to read,
study and become informed ln regard
to what 1s going on In the world, such
persons are quite apt to form erroneous Impressions in regard to those
movements which may contemplate disturbance or change of the existing or-,
der of things, which to the average
mind appears to be fixed and lmmut-
table. While there ls every reason why
the workers might be excused for bar-
boring illusions and misconceptions,
however, there is no reasonable excuse
to offer why those whose walk ln life
has afforded ample time to acquire correct knowledge of facts, should be likewise afflicted.
A persistent effort is continually being made by presumably educated and
able writers ln the public press to convey the Idea that Socialists demand
that government should control ths
means of wealth production. Whether
this Is the result of Ignorance or ts
prompted by a wilful Intent to misrepresent, may be left for the reader to
Judge. In the great majority of cases
the probability seems to incline to the
latter. Government implies the existence of conflicting class Interests In
human society. It becomes the expression of force necessary to protect
end safe-guard the material in.rest?
of such section or portion of hu.nan society as may be for the moment in control of its machinery. Without such
conflicting classes and class Interests;
without a class whose Interests demanded that another class be held In
subjection; without a class to rule and
a class to be ruled, government would
become a thing unthinkable, and therefore inconceivable. Government control of the means of production would
merely mean the substitution of the
organised capitalist state aa tbe exploiter of labor in place of the exploitation practiced by the Individual capitalist or concern, under tbe protection
of the state, as at present Production
for profit would of necessity continue;
labor power would remain, as now, a
commodity in the market, subject to Its
"Iron laws" in regard to price, or
wages; the same brutal class rule that
now exists would still continue with
Its brutalities Immeasurably emphasised because the state possesses the
concrete power of repression ln Its moot
highly organized and effective form.
It is within itself Judge, Jury snd executioner, and must so remain as long
as Its existence can be perpetuated.
Government, or the sate, has from its
very Inception, been but the expression
of tho tyranny of rulers over their subjects. The corner stone upon which it
rests ls the seizure of labor's products
by he, or they, who by such base means
would rise to heights of luxury, magnificence, pomp and power. In whatever
form It may have appeared, or with
whatever garb It may have been covered, It has always been the expression
of tbe material Interests of a ruling
class. It has always been the Instrument by means of which rulers have
maintained the particular form cf
human slavery upon which the Institutions of any given period have been
The Socialist does not demand that
government should control production.
Ho urges upon ths exploited wage-
slaves of capital the necessity of exercising their present political rights
for the purpose of capturing for the
entire working class full control of
government with all Its powers, and
using such powers for the further purpose of striking down the present class
ownership and control of the means of
production and placing such ownership
and control In the hands of the community as a whole, there to be held for
the purpose of producing the wealth
necessary to maintain the highest possible standard of comfort and well-
being for every member of tbe com
munity. With the ending of class rule
and production for proOt. would come
an ending of turmoil, strife, antagonism and class war, Which has for centuries written the history of the
human race In letters of blood.
With the ending of class rule, government dies out, as there Is no longer
a class to rule and a class to be ruled;
a class of masters and a class of slaves.
Government dies out to be succeeded
by a peaceful, orderly nnd systematic
administration of Industry carried on
by free men In their common interest
and for the common good.
The Socialist Position 1s by no means
difficult to understand lf one cares to
do so, and In spite of the fact that numerous well-intentioned Socialists nre so
loose in their terminology as to refer
to Socialism as government ownership,
there Is no valid reason why even the
hack writers of the capitalist press
should not be able to grasp Its Import.
unless lt be that they are paldfur the
purpose of wllful,~mailclous and persistent  misrepresentation.
The ruling class of Canada ln common with its prototype in the other
countries of thc earth, la evidently
becoming alarmed at the awakening
Intelligence among Its subjects that
Is finding expression ln a disposition
to embrace the tenets and conceptions
set forth by what Is known a* the
Socialist movement. Scenting the dan
eer to their precious scheme of cap
itallst exploitation that lurks beneath a movement that marks
for the unmasking of It and
laying bare to IU victims the
method of their plunder, the rulers of
Canada have set their political hench
men at Ottawa to work to devise ways
and means of forestalling the danger
and prolonging their reign of exploitation and swindle. The first move
has been made towards establishing
an arbitrary censorship of the press,
as these worthies well know that an
unrestricted press affords a powerful
medium for the dissemination of that
knowledge that will result ln rendering their position as a ruling class
untenable at no distant day. So long
as the press confines Itself to the discussion merely of those points of difference that arise between dlfferen
factions of the ruling class all Is well
and good. No alarm Is felt, ami the
ruling class Itself may Indeed become
a great stickler for the freedom of
speech, and the freedom of the press.
But once there arises a disposition to
criticise the existing order of things
and question the soundness of the
premises upon which these rulers have
builded institutions of rule and
plunder, their freedom of speech and
press must be suppressed lest those
Institutions be undermined and come
tumbling down about their ears.
That which ennnot withstand crltl
clsm ought not to stand under any
circumstances, and tt cannpt do so un
less maintained by the prop of tyranny and oppression. The resort to such
methods ls In itself a confession of
weakness that must In the end prove
In excluding the "Appeal to Reason"
from the Canadian malls, the authorl
ties at Ottawa have signified their Intention   of  establishing  a  censorship
of the press. Henceforth the free Can
adlan shall be allowed to Indulge In
only such rending matter as his self
appointed guardians and rulers deem
suitable  and  proper.       Whatever,  In
their  Judgment,  might  tend    to  enlighten    the    Canadian     toller     and
prompt him to so shape his course as
to compel his guardians and masters
to  loosen  their death  grip  upon  his
substance and his life Is to be rigidly
excluded  to the end  that he may be
held In continual meekness and sub
Jectlon to their Iron rule.
In thus establishing a censorship
over at least one of the means whereby he may gain the knowledge neces
sary to lead him to better conditions
and higher standards of comfort and
well-being, these Ottawa statesmen
(God save the mark) have deliberately given the He to the boasted free
dom of the Canadian citizen. If he
allows this action to ge unchallenged
and unprotested he affirms the fact
that his freedom ls but a myth. Not
enly every subscriber to the "Appeal'
but every devotee of liberty through-
cut the Dominion should demand of
the Ottawa officials ln no unmeasured
terms that this censorship of the
press be stopped and the "Appeal" be
re-admltted to the malls. Every organization of labor should at once
take action In this matter as If the
scheme be not nipped ln the bud their
own papers will eventually be found
upon the proscribed list.
Eternal vigilance ls said to bo the
price of liberty. If the workingmen
of Canada wish to preserve the few
poor privileges they now enjoy they
must leave no stone unturned to cull
a halt upon the powers that be, before their encroachments go nny far-
WQfti.r.K. or the World Unite"
w*ama9*m\m*nW»aM 1
When They Meet; wbf rt Thry     •
-Bvery Ubor Union tn ihT^T^^
to place a csrd unor, thwmmT*? *- -»
h.    t--reUr.es pi..., ^J,**'-    t>mn
w. r
a     Miners'   Union    Nn   .1
-. M.    Meet.   evf°rny' -J*  I
mg at 7-30 o'clock i„ 1 h_9
-all.    V. i-gram. pre^T*'
Plckard, secretexv ' Wj
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
In convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the International revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should justly belong. To
the owners of the moans ol wealth
production belongs the product ol
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means ot wealth production: therefore all the products o*
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; the worker
Is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
In possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
Ths capitalist system gives to ths
capitalist an ever-swelling* stream of
profits, and to the worker aa sver-
Increasing measure of misery and
Tbe Interest of the working class
lies In the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wagy> system. To
accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class
lhe irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession nf the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure It by political
action.   This ls the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Pnrty of Canada with
the object of coni|uerii-g the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing tho economic program
ol tho working ela***. as follows:
1. The transformation as rapidly
aa possible, of capitalist property In
the means of wealth production 'natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) Into the colli* live pro*
party of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and tnao-tfemunt of industry by the workers.
8. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is aboll-Md.
make the answer to this question lis
guiding rule ot conduct. Will this
legislation advance the Interests of
the working class and aid ths workers in their class struggle, against
capitalism? If It will, the Socialist
Party Is for It; if It will not. tho
Socialist Party is absolutely mjmyg
ed to it.
In accordance with thla principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
In Its hands in such a manner aa to
promote the interests of the working class alone.
J. Edward Bird,    A. C. Bn-dnn ,  , I
Geo. E. McCrossan    ""^l
Tel. 829. P.O. Box, Ma
824 Hastings St. , . Vancouver, BCi I
Rf Every    Local   ol  the Social*
rty of  Canada should run a Z3
under this   bead.   $1.00 per moatk
Secretaries please note.
RrltUli Columbia I'nnIn, |„l Bttcoflaj I
Committee, Socialist Part) of Cats [
uda.     Meets every altarnata Tu**.
day.   W. H. Flowers. Secretary, iiooa
1. *22 Prior St.. Vancouver, n fj
Dominion Kux-uiiie Cbmmlttce, tarn
ciaiist Party of Canada „_, |
every alternate Tuesday J. q.[
Morgan. Havrelary. Ml l'arn*sj|
Hi reel. Vancouver, il. C.
I «M-aal VaiM-outer, No. I, S. P, of t\_
ndu. Ruslness mooting! »,.„!
Monday evening at bsedquarttnf
Irigiesi.i.- uiock. Sis Csmbie BtnsU
(room I. second floor) K'!ue».
tlonal meetings every Sunday 111|
p. m.. In Mulllvan Hall • *i„n
ttreat D. P. Mills. Secretary, h~|
8S«. Vancouver. B. C.
J Local Toronto, H. P. of C—Meets ami
ond and fourth Tuesdays, s<.<-iaisi|
lleadeiuarters.   isr.S   Queen *im\
West.    r. Dsle. MecreUry   4 ] H-nrj
Stroot   Jewish Branch meets wins
i        Sunday  night, same hall
\ Local Winnipeg, s. |>. of i — vim, I
first and third Sunday In Mo-cab*;'
Hal! corner King and Pai IO) At-
• mien, at ::30 p. m. J Can*]
Secretary, tit Princess Htr.. i Wis, |
nlpeg,  Stan.
hereby  apply  for  membership
In Local
 Socialist  Party of
I recognise the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of ths
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of tlie capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means ths ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Admitted to Local 1»0..
I'-iaMMu-d   mat.
Tin* Olcle-t |_ibor
Paper In Canada
Always a  fearless exponent In
the cause of labor.
For one dollar Ihe paper *ll!
be sent to any address for '-ne
Workingmen of all ceiunirl<*«
will  soon     recognise    the  farl
that they     must    support uue!
read their labor papers
The Volet- PubUshlng Co., I .id,
Winnipeg.    Man.
Publish*! Weekly by the
Vukfl femtttm* tf ■>■•»
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Anytme sanding s aksleh and i
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Items strletljeonadamtel. NllDl
••nl frM. lildsst sjtmipt tuftmtm
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a*mst sttm, wiibnut testis, la t
SckMHk Jhataa,
A kandaomslTIllaatraUd vsskir.   l*Tl'i.i«
u. •oMsrsiip»---jr'-r
rfa.w_*_«wo. •*■•'-•
. Utmtsami,
%a Saturday
.April 28, 1906.
A white woman and her escort down
In Missouri were attacked by two nu-
a-roee, the young-man beaten Into in-
Mimlhlllly and the woman outraged.
Two negro lads about 21 years Of age
■wie urrested on suspicion but when
brought lijfore the young woman she
declared positively tiny were not her
assailant* Nevertheless they were
ne|d in cuMtody by the authorities. A
mob l>roke Into the Jail, took the two
prisoners out and hanged them. Then,
saturating their clothing with e,u.
burned them where they hanged und
l„ fore life hud become extinct. And
now the Governor cif the State Folk,
of reform notoriety—is after the molj
"hot   foot."     He   offers   u   reward   of
I3(mi for "Information given to the
prosecuting attorney leading to the ar-
,,-Ht snd conviction of uny person sn-
gsgsd In this dastardly offense—not
against the wretches mobbed — but
against the state of Missouri." Ah
ihe "wretches mobbed" hud bean d<-.
dared, by tho ussuulted woman herself, not to be her s'i-isal la nts. Just why
Ihey should be dubbed "wretches"
I > tin- governor Is by no means clear.
Is It to be Inferred that the governor
ili.es not object to the murdering Of
negroes but wishes the ftata to hold
a  monopoly  Of tha   business.'     As  the
only offence he apparently condemns
Is tli.it "against the Stute of Mlfsourl"
there would seem to be ground for
such Inference. If the Inference lie
correct the man with u bluck skin
ahould experience a commendable de-
gre* at satisfaction If he wen- "frenn
Missouri" by at least a couple of hundred   miles.
THE WEBTEtttt _tt__-_tn_Tr friwhh_nr_n_.   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
they have'nt had sense enough In tlieir
fool noddle, to elect a president of
their own. Their InteIHgenes has only
bOCII, equal to the task of ..,,.,.,,-„ one
lor their labor-Hklnnl.,K
What fools these mortals
least the most of them.
be,"      at
-_!_fV*.t_ . n0W *"ln*   -"   «wat the
Man with the muck Hake." and he Is
8__* « '-" wllh the "•*■ *•"-*■* «--
JBat. The man with the Muck Rake"
of  eourse   ;    tht  fe|low    wh|#  w,|fu
nnd maliciously pokes his rake Into the
mack of capitalism and rake* out some
of the „,„«. malodorous .-hunks that
inert- do accumulate, Th- literature
«T exposure, su.h as Upton Sinclair's,
The Jungle" and the like, is becoming
too wide-spread to suit the snarling
Jii.-kals that have been set the task of
Ufeguardlng capitalism's compost
hasp, and the Jackals how lugubriously
In I OOMqittnoa. Of course If there
man no "muck" there- would be neither
' much rake" nor evil-minded person to
w'e-ld It. Likewise there would be no
Jackals to howl about It.
tinually In type and tbe mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity in the
performance of their duties, even lf
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition ln the future.
Tfleklno Is the Invention of Don
Bernardo Torres CJuevedo, a dlstln
gulshed Spanish engineer, who has
been experimenting successfully with
an apparatus for the control of distant electric power by means of wireless telegraphy. He Intends to apply
his Invention to vewu-ls and made his
public trials wllh them. The transmitting Station was a wireless tele-
graphic apparatus. The boat carried
a Uittery of uccumulutors, u motor for
driving the- propeller, another for the
ru I Ier, and two servo motors for operating the mechun—rm of tbe other
motors. The servo motors were con
nee led directly with the lelcklno,
lthi li-wlih formed a single apparatus.
Hi: I* waves Ml received by the tele-
kin". "hl<* controls the servo motors,
whi'h sent currents either to control
the rudder or the propeller motor SO
an t" govern both the Steeling and ths
I ro| uMon of the boat. Taking hi*
position at the transmitting station.
Benoi Quevedo began manipulating
tht transmitter, v. hereupon the boat
oontalniag numerous press represen-
tatties, .is if by magi.', slowly moved
forward,  gradually  attaining  a  high
•| I    turning,   twisting,   lacking,   ad-
ranctng or receding Just u if it were
being guided by an expert steersman.
Tiie tio.it executed all manner of manoeuvres without ■ hlte-li under the
sob- guidance of the inventor on
shore.    Rschange.
This blatant nonsense upon the pari
of papers ol thc Hearst type ah oi«
Roosevelt being the "peoples pred-
ii-nt s nauseating lu tne extreme,
unless the term "peopl"" Is Intended
to Im Inds only those who are OB top
In the capitalist struggle for pe-lf and
power. :!e stands solely for the Interests «'f Capitalist property und those
interests are i <••.-<-**_ ri'y st pi ISM il
through the huge combinations thai
dominate the field of exploitation.
Teddy's childish prattle about "muck
pakss" and the simple life is only cal-
ciliated to bamboozle gudKe-cn* and
MS) marks. The "people" who nre
exploited and plundered ar.' the working   people.     Up   to   the   present   time
Colonial Bakery
-»  Johnsoa St.,   Victoria.  B.C.
iwiinrsd to aay pert ot the city.   Ask
I'rlvsr  to  call.     'Phone  849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to -5
cents cheaper than our competitors.
prom __ o_c___T»_c
ll ocvffWMgt Street, tnctwit, a. »•
; -Muriiclirtr tl
> It I Csetr* tl.
Victoria Representative for the
Hearst publications, as follows: San
IVanelw- Examiner, Los Angolos Kx-
smlner, Chicago Aim-il'-ii. New York
American, H-ntttotl Aiiierii'aii; Home
nad Warm Weekly, Clilt-ugo; Cosmo-
lolltun Magaslue, New York.
Also agent tor tho following:
Scuttle Times, Portland Oregonlun,
Ban Krnnelsco Chronicle, Los Angeles
Prompt and  regular  dally delivery
Mrvlce  lo subscribers.
Advertisements of. every description
taken for any newspaper.
P.O. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
That man Whose greed of gold will
permit him (O Mil the freedom of his
own mind is a hopeless slave because
he hus the serf blood In his veins. He
MUM of no llberty-lovlng ancestry;
there Is little hope for his prosperity.
He Is beyond the power of human laws
to set free-. The loosening of one set
Of shackles hut makes opportunity for
ths forging of another. Born with no
love of liberty in his soul, craven of
heart mid subservient In his whole being, he has no choice of masters, no
pride of achievement, no sense of bon-
Quite true. Quite true. And there
are ejulte a number of such caricatures
e.f humanity running around loose not
a thousand miles from the Oregonian
Office If report be true.
And now tt has been discovered that
the lady accompanying Maxim Oorky,
the Russian Revolutionist, in his travels. I4nd whom he acknowledges as
his wife, has not been made such by
the fnr.lal rlgainarole of the law. Ho
blear eyed and vodka-soaked ruffllan
has granted written permit and pocketed a fee for the same; no greasy-
nosed priest has mumbled his blessing
over the affair and pulled Gorky's leg
for the wherewith to grease his gullet.
In view of the neglect to comply with
those conventional customs, the delicate- moral sensibilities of. the good
people are grievously offended. This
i .in no doubt lie largely accounted for
try the assumption that it Is the first
(;.ne of the kind that ever came within
the ken Of the American people. No
wonder  they  are  shocked.
Rig Democrats at ■ dinner In New
York "call upon the people to rise and
combat the wave of Socialism that ls
sweeping over the nation.-' Of course,
the "people" will respond. It Is out
of all reason to suppose they will sit
Idly hy und allow any sort of a wave
to Interfere with the magnificent sweep
of the tide of capitalism that so completely angulfs the country In Its delirious "prosperity**1 embrace at present. Any wave that dares threaten the
continuance of this glorious era of
wage-slave exploitation, commercial
piracy and business graft, chicanery
and fraud, will find Itself valiantly com*
lint tt-d hy an heroic band of old Mother
Partlngtone and their brooms. There
need be> little doubt as to the outcome.
Socialists appreciate the responsibility of society for its members. We
know that the heinous competition of
to-day drives most men to unlawful
thlnics- A Vancouver Presbyterian
preacher, Rev. r. j. Wilson, excoriated society for its harsh Judgments on
men who had been convicted of crime.
Scores of them had been simply the
victims of circumstances. In making
:. plea for the exercise of a more char-
itabtc spirit he said that there were as
many unpunished criminals outside as
inside the cells.
Production for profit, which of necessity implies thc robbery of the
wealth producers by the profit makers, liei at the bottom of all the commercial piracy, business graft and
swindle., which afflicts human society-
to-day. Under Its baneful sway human
beings that should dwell together In
harmony and fraternity, are converted into wild beasts fighting and rending each other In the mad scramble
for points of vantage in the Jungle of
When the members of the British
Parliament attend th.* speaker's levees a sumptuary' regulation compels
thm to appear la court dress. The
laboring   people   have   recently   been
regaled with the spectacle of 63 member! among whom the labor representatives were strongly represented, petitioning the speuker to allow them
to appear In ordinary every-day garb.
If the petition be grunted another Im-
portant victory for labor will
The professed followers of Jefferson
appear to never tire of rolling from
Ihelr tongues the Jeffersonlan phrase
• .*eiunl rights to all. special privileges
to none." They always forget to tell
rs however, how the phrase can be
mads applicable while the means of
productlon-whlch by the very character of the modern Implements of
Industry can only be operated collectively -are not likewise owned and ad-
An eastern paper, In figuring up the
loss occnsloned by the big COM tttttt
up to date, Includes the Item of ,5.200.-
000 In value of stock unmlned. Just
how nny loss could be figured out In
this respect Is not clearly understood,
unless tt has happened that the unmlned coal has by some mysterious process
Saasd t?3a- To the capitalist
mathematical expert, many things are
possible, however.
Many complaints  nre
reaching this
their papers.  In some ____
nra several complaints from the same
nre several *-u*"» .,._surlbat- namo
locality. As every ,UD~""?fJ wmch
and the number of P*P«J^"****
his subsetlotion expire" are kept ton
Vancouver. B. C, April 24th, 1»0«.
Present: — Comrades Stebbings,
Pritchard, Wilkinson, Leah, Morgan,
and Organizer Kingsley.
Comrade Morgan waa appointed
Secretary pro tern.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From Com. Marmo, Victoria, concerning party property. Secretary Instructed to write to Com. Burnett re
the matter.
From Com. Woodruff, enclosing
$32.00 for the organising fund.
From Revelstoke Local, enclosing
$3.00 for stamps and monthly report.
Received and complied with.
From Revelstoke, enclosing 16.00
for organizing  fund.
Com. Burroughs was transferred as
a member-at-large.
Mount Sicker Comrades, organization fund $32 00
Revelstoke  Local,  organisation
fund     S 00
(.'om.  Burroughs,    organization
fund s      2  60
Revelstoke  Local,  stamps   ....     3 00
Com.  Burroughs, dues     1 00
Total $43 50
Vancouver, B. C April 24th, HOt.
Present: — Comrades Stebbings,
Leah. Pritchard. Wilkinson, Organizer Kingsley and the secretary.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and adopted.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From the Western Clarion, bill for
$2.00. A warrant waa ordered drawn
for $2.00 to the Western Clarion for
ad. space.
From Montreal Local cencernlng organization work ln that city.
From Toronto Local, enclosing 33.00
for stamps. Received and complied
The  meeting then adjourned.
(Continued  from Page One.)
apprentice system ln which the number of apprentices ls always made
smaller than the number of Journeymen, we freely admit the members of
other unions, and we pay special attention to bringing the unskilled man up
toward the wage level of the skilled
man. The whole Idea ls a united working class. The man who, because be
has a certain kind of skill, separates
himself from his unskilled fellows and
forms a union for keeping everybody
else out and for boosting his own dirty
pittance, that man Is our enemy. He
has deserted the working class and he
ts helping the employer.'
The Dominion Executive Committee
has decided to call lor funds to be
used for the purpose of pushing forward the work of organizing such
parts ot the Dominion of Canada aa
have not yet been reached. Thero lo
a vast field to be covered which will
of necessity entail considerable expanse. The necessary funds can, however, be obtained if Locals, individual comrades and friends will take
the matter up by gathering and forwarding such contributions as may
be forthcoming. As soon aa tho requisite funds may be gathered it ls
the Intention of tbe committee to
arrange trips, for one or more organ-*,
iters, covering as large a section of
territory as possible. With energetic
action in the matter ol raising funds
and ,-udi-lous application of tho asm**,
by the committee a much needed
work may be carried out that will
bear fruit in future election cam-
All money received (or this fund,
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. Ths committee, at ita meeting on Feb. -7. appropriated from
the General Fund the sum of f-5.
to be applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
The following sums have boon   received to date:
Dom.  Exec. Com 125.00
Toronto Local     ••Jj'
Comrade O.  Rayner     1-00
Comrade B. McLachlan     1.00
Comrade J. A. Teit     100
Comrade L. T. English     1.00
Total   W<w
Forward nil contributions to
J. G. MORGAN, Sec.
551 Barnard St.
Vancouver, B.C.
Tho following amounts received up to
Previously acknowledged *<-• B0
Local Revelstoke     J 00
Comrade  Burroughs     2 *-°
Total    »6- 00
The banks and trust companies of
the United States are now equipping
their institutions with vaults made of
Harneylsed armor plate of sufficient
thickness and surface hardness to
withstand even the Impact of projectiles of the highest power. From the
doings In Russia they have got into
their precious heads that a "mob"
might obtain control of a city for a
few days, and they nre trying to get
in shape to so securely plant their precious swag that lt will be ungetable
even under such circumstances. It
does seem queer that such Ideas should
find lodgment tn a country where every
one Is free and equal, besides being
prosperous. It would be a Joke on
these chief plunderers If they should
get their swag so securely locked up
one of these days that they couldn't
get It themselves.
J. y. Hannahan, Orand Master of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen,
rode Into Vancouver the other day In
a private car placed at his disposal by
J. J. Hill, of the Great Northern Railway. A local dally "epileptic" unctuously remarks that this may be taken
as an Indication of "a perfect understanding between the officials of the
Hill lines and their employees." Most
emphatically so. By the way. Is Hannahan an official of the road, or merely an employee, and Just how thick ls
the head of the locomotive fireman
himself? From what height should a
brick house fall on him In order to
make an Impression **
Single copies, 5 cents; 6
copies, 25 cents; 16 copies, 50
cents; 40 copies, $1.00; 100
copies and over, 2 cents per
These rates Include postage
to any part of Canada of the
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion" \\
P. 0. DRAWER   836.
among the wage-earners of British Columbia, "The Clarion" is
a winner. It has over
2300 paid-up readers.
Mail-order houses will
find it a business-
by buying this
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co,
X Some who started early are now selling ten
9 copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
9 a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and wholesale
ft prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
ft BOX 2064 NEW YORK. 5
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
i ,«■
We Have two cases (lOO pounds) of Brevier Type, 8 .point, almost new, cost 52
efts a pound a year ago; will sell at
25cts a lb.   Following is a sample of the Types
Hartford, Conn., Jan. io.—A certificate
ol incorporation of the Oaxaca & Pacific
Railway Company of Hartford, hu been
filed with the secretary of state. The
authorized capital stuck of the company
is |4o,oooooo. These figures exceed
those of any other company which has
filed such a certificate with the secretary
Western Clarion,
Box 836.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUR HAT see to It
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed In It. If
a retailer haa loose labels In his possession and
offers to put one In a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels In retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label ls perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, ls a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOl FI'IT, President, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN LAW I/OR. SecreUry, 11 Waverly Plaot,
_1       New York. rirrf--
Saturday April 28,190f>.
'    "ei
1<   (■'
It*      'TH
" H
9 Edited by R. P P*_TT_PI_WE. to whom aU correspondence for this department should be addressed. ft
Authority for Revolutionary Progrnm
of Uie Socialist Party.
Welfare of People "Demands That Ihe
Things Used Collectively be Owned Collectively; Tilings Used Privately he Owned Privately. —
Authority Enough!
The recent San Francisco catastrophe    has at least set another prece
A meeting was held In the City Hall,
Vancouver, on Friday evening, April
20th, for the purpose of offering a
protest against the high-handed action of the officials of the States of
Idaho and Colorado In the arrest and
abduction of Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone of the Western Federation
of Miners, with the evident intention
pf railroading them to the gallows.
The meeting was arranged by a committee made up of delegates from various local unions, Local Vancouver
of the S. P. of Canada and the fag-
end of what Is left of the local continent of the fighting S. L. P. A good
sized audience (about 500) was In attendance at the beginning of the meeting, and a collection of »56 wus taken
up for the W. F. of M. defense fund.
Developments show that native tal-
lat. It will be noted that when the
welfare of a people demand stringent
measures, aa In times ot such crises,
tile law Is made on the spot. For Instance, ln the daily press, we read
the following:
"The officers are still seizing vehicles and pressing them into service.
Down on the waterfront a naval lieutenant seized two carriages. They
were needed to transfer a, corps of
nurses to a hospital in the unburned
"But this is my rig," said one of
the drivers. "Show me your authority
for holding me up like this."
"The only authority I can show you
is this," said the officer, dropping his
hand to his pistol. "Is that enough
for you?"
San Francisco Is no place for the
curiosity seeker. The work of clearing the car tracks on Market street
began at dawn this morning. Every
idle man was- pressed into service.
Mose of them went without argument."
And so it will be when the Socialists
secure control of the public power.
The welfare of those who do the work
ot directing the forces of nature will
compel them to say: •"This is our
authority; is it not enough; and if not
what are you going to do about it?"
With every crisis comes the means
of meeting it; so will it be on the
day the workers Issue the Proclamation of Freedom!
Hay the workers loin with the
countless other forces at work, and
hasten  the  day.
Capitalism is rotting at both ends,
and the well-being of society demands
lhat the things used collectively be
owned collectively; things used privately be owned privately.
Authority enough surely for the existence of a world-wide Socialist
movement, which will bring lt into
being at no distant date.
dent  for  the  revolutionary   proletar-   ent hud been for tome time surrepti
tiously .it work for the purpose of arranging the meeting so as to afford
an opportunity for the celebrated
Frank Bohn, a shining light in the S.
L. P. gallery of stars, to unload upon
unsuspecting Vancouver some chunks
of wisdom of the brand that has made
the "fighting" S. L P. famous, or infamous, as the case may be, where-
ever men do congregate, or "fakirs"
rear their pestiferous presence. The
plan worked out to perfection, and the
Itinerant Bohn was made the speaker
of the evening, and right royally he
rose to the occasion. Efficiently equipped for the task to the extent of a
healthy gall and a fairly well developed Jawbone, he succeeded In sending
the audience home no wiser than
when they came In regard to the
causes that have led up to the persecution of the imprisoned men, the
probable outcome of the affair, or the
lessons to be drawn from it. That the
other speakers did not display an
equal ignorance of the entire affair
and Its bearing upon the labor movement is doubtless due to the fact that
the limited time allotted them prevented Its exposure. By the time the
meeting was half through fully one-
third of the audience had left the hall.
The following resolutions were
Vancouver, B. C, April 20th, 1906.
Whereas President C. H. Moyer and
Secretary W. D. Haywood, of the
Western Federation of Miners, together with G. A. Pettibone, ex-member of
the executive board, have been secretly arrested and unconstitutionally deported out of the State of Colorado,
of which State they were citizens, at
the behest of the Mine Owners' Association, which represents the Standard Oil Interests in the West, and imprisoned in an Idaho penitentiary,
contrary to all law and judicial procedure, a fact that was admitted by
Attornty Borah, for the prosecution,
before the Supreme, Court of Idaho,
and furthermore, they have been denied the rights possessed by-American
citizens to appeal to habeas corpus.
And whereas this is simply a secret
plot to destroy the Industrial Workers
of the World, of which the Western
Federation of Miners is a large and
most Important part, being, In fact,
the largest and most progressive union
in the West.
And whereas an injury to ont is the
concern of all, irrespective of imaginary national boundary lines, or craft
Therefore, be it resolved that we,
the labor organizations of Vancouver,
B. d and other citizens, ln mass
meeting assembled herewith extend to
cur Illegally held and, in our opinion,
inn'icent brothers, our warmest sympathy and financial assistance in this
the hour of their need.
And further, enter our most emphatic protest against such highhanded and unconstitutional proceed-
ure against innocent men, whose only
crime ls their endeavor to organize
and educate their fellow workers to a
realization of the mission of our class
in its onward nufrch towards economic
And be lt further resolved that a
copy of these resolutions be given to
the local press for publication, and a
copy sent to the Miner's Magazine, Industrial Worker, and Governors McDonald and Gooding of Colorado and
the market only to increase the Intensity of competition for Jobs among
the workers as a whole. He pointed
out that all this waa Inevitable so
long as the means of production remained as class property to be used
tor the purpose of bringing profit to
the owners. The only way out of the
difficulty, which was growing even
more pronounced, lay ln concerted action upon the part of the workers for
the purpose of transferring the ownership and control of the means of production from capitalist hands to the
community aa a whole, and the substitution of production for use ln place
of thc present production for profit.
The workers could then provide them-
Eelves with the material necessaries
of life without hindrance, Without
stint and without excessive or over-
burdensome labor. He did not fall
to point out the conquest of public
powers by the working class as the
means to be used In order to reach
the desired end. Take it all round
the plain, and therefore, easily understandable talk of Comrade Cloak was
of more value, and will leave a more
lasting impression behind than all the
windy phrases of those famous gab
sters who have displayed their luck
of knowledge to the workers of Van
couver In the past.
The latter part ot the evening waa
devoted to questions, followed by discussion, in which a number of those
present took part. The attendance
was good, nearly all the seats being
be. But suppose the opposition should
eventually succeed    to    power,
The Future Belongs to tbe Class That
Makes Civilization Possible.
Among Socialist Party speakers now
permanently on the fighting line ln
America may be mentioned: Prof.
Walter Thomas Mills, Eugene V.
Debs, J. B. Osborne, Herman F. Titus, John M. Work, M. W. Wilklns,
Guy E. Miller, William Mailly, Arthur Morrow Lewis, Gertrude Beeslan
Hunt, Ben Hanford, George H. Goebel, J. L. Pitta, Sol. Fleldman,    John
Rollins, E. E. Carr, James H. Brower,
irl S. Thompson,    Howard    Tuttle,
Charles Ufert, Jos. Wauhope, Franklin H. Wentworth, Dan. A. White, M.
W. Wilklns, and scores of other speakers and workers which might be enumerated, not to mention the Individual efforts of the rank and file.
This means that hundreds of Socialists
are being made daily throughout America alone, and as "once a Socialist
always one," the future must needs
belong to the useful class In society—
those who make civilization possible.
The capital form of property ls
truly typical of property In modern
society. In no other society has It
existed as a universal dominant fact.
The easentlal condition of this form
of property ls the exploitation of the
free producer, who Is robbed hourly
of a fraction of the value he creates;
a fact which Marx haa demonstrated
beyond refutation. Capital ia baaed on
the production of commodities, on a
form of productlop, that is, in which
a man produces In view, not of the
consumption of the laborer, or of that
of hia feudal lord or slave-owning
maater, but In view of market In
other sod ties, also, men bought and
sold, but it was the surplus articles
alone that were exchanged. In those
societies the laborer, slave, or serf,
was exploited, It is true, but the proprietor had at least certain obligations to him, e. g., the slaveholder
was bound to feed his human beast
of burden whether he worked or not.
The capitalist has been released from
all charges. It roused the indignation
of the good-natured Plutarch that
Cato, the sour moralist, rid himself
of slaves grown old and .decrepit in
lib service. What would be have said
Of the modern capitalist, who allows
the workers that have enriched him
to starve or die ln the workhouse? In
emancipating the slave and bondman,
It was not the liberty of the producer
that the captalist sought to compass,
but the liberty of capital, which had
to be discharged of all obligations towards the workmen, ft Is only when
the capital form of property is in
force that the proprietor can exercise
In all Its stringency the right to use
and abuse.—Paul Lafargue.
The propaganda meeting of Local
Vancouver, held on last Sunday ev-
r-nlng In Sullivan Hall, was addressed
by Comrade John Cloak, of Belling-
ham, Wash. His subject was the "Evolution of the machine."
Comrade Cloak, who is a member
of the city council of Belllngham, has
a way peculiarly his own of explaining
the .development of capitalist industry
and its effect upon the working class.
A machinist himself and having worked since a small boy in large factories
and industrial establishments, he has
evidently allowed none of the phenomena attending the gradual evolution
to more perfect and complicated tools
of production, to escape his notice.
His knowledge, therefore, not having
been obtained solely by reading and
studying the works of others, is practical rather than theoretical. With
nn '.;tsy conversational style of speaking the ideas he desires to convey are
readily grasped by his audience. He
traced the el eve lop ment of machinery
In agriculture and various Industrial
pursuits, showing how Its Introduction and continued Improvement multiplied the productive capacity of labor, and how, under the present system of ownership .and control, the
benefit of such increased production
accrued solely to the capitalists, while
tht services of an ever Increasing
number of laborers were rendered superfluous, and they were hurled Into
Socialism should grow and conquer
ir. Arizona. At Blsbee the secretary
reports that a recent vote of 85 was
as much as could be expected considering that about 400 of the most active spirits were compelled to leave
the camp during the last month. The
capitalists are openly advocating the
driving of the Socialists out of the
country, and a workingman seen talking to any known Socialist is discharged and black-listed.
The perpetuators of the present profit-mongering system ofttlmes sneer-
Ingly assert that Socialism will destroy
the home. In last month's Ladies
Home Journal this answer ls made to
a correspondent: "The last United
States census Is authority for the
statement of the amazing fact that 57
and 9-10 per cent of the men in America are bachelors."
In commenting on the effect of the
San Francisco disaster upon the financial world, a New York market report makes the following statement:
"Loss of life can never be checked as
an argument on value either in war
or any other disaster, for, from the
market point of view, life has no
value." Comment is unnecessary. —
David   Street,    Caversham,    Dunedln,
New Zealand,  March  18th,   1906.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite:—
Dear Friend,—"Better late than
never." Whilst admitting that it is
bad form to offer an apology for my
neglecting to write you at an earlier
period, I beg to say that since my arrival here I have been kept busy forming new acquaintances and acquiring
a general knowledge of my new environment, besides renewing correspondence with old friends in Australia and elsewhere. Under those circumstances do I crave your indulgence. I trust that you and your family are well. I am glad to state that
1 am In the best of health and spirits.
Though long in writing I have during the interim mailed you several
newspapers, especially those containing information re poor Lionel Terry.
I felt sad to hear of his rash act, yet
I was not surprised. I had hoped to
have had the pleasure of meeting him.
A few days ago he waa transferred
from gaol to an Insane asylum. Should
I chance to be In the neighborhood of
that Institution I shall certainly seek
to obtain the necessary permit to see
him. The time intervening between
my leaving British Columbia and the
I resent Is, to ml, almost a blank. I
have had very little news from my
old haunts.
A few days ago a friend favored me
with a few Nanaimo papers, from
which I notice you are still working
hard. The eight-hour day, I observe
has been conceded to the smelter
workmen In British Columbia. All
credit is due to you for that, notwithstanding the fact that Maedonald put-
In his claim for It.
It would be utterly Impossible, In
the space of a letter, to attempt to
give you an adequate report of the
political situation here. I shall from
time to time mall you papers of interest.
Whilst New Zealand occupies the
enviable position of vanguard among
the nail ms of the world's reformers,
she Is not, by any means, through the
woods. Her reputed labor reforms,
although prompted by a conscientious
spirit, ure, after all, but palliatives
that tend to prolong the main Issue,
"Socialism." The longer I live the
more do I realize those facta. Private
ownership of the earth and Its resources, and our competitive system of living must cease before we can ever expect our true measure of Justice. There
are many advanced thinkers here, but
the rank and file, like those elsewhere
know little about economics, and are
therefore not class conscious. So long
as the present political party hold
the reins of power, so long may we
expect the Judiciary administering the
law ln harmony with the powers that
then? Some of the laws can easily
be taken advantage of. To-wlt: Tha
minimum wage law. The employer
and employee can compromise by ths
latter admitting his Inefficiency or incompetency. He then. through Ibe arbitration court, obtains a permit to
work for a wage below the minimum
scale. This law is also responsible for
an increased cost of living. Employ-
em have advanced the price nf life's
necessaries, so there ls a bare living
after all. Furthermore lt works a
hardship on those out of employment,
nothing coming ln and a costlier living. I enclose you a letter from a local paper, which will give you a clearer conception of this particular a«.t.
I have had the pleasure of hearing
Premier Seddon speak. He Is *ery
tactful. You could sweep the deck Of
Kindly remember me to all comrades, not forgetting your colleague,
P. Wllllamo. You have got Manson
In opposition to you. I'd be pleased
to hear from you.
The Old Country, I notice, has elected a batch of Labor Liberals. Keir
Hardy appears to be the straight
r.iim.Is.    Ho Is forging to the front.
I must say adieu. From your sincere friend.
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
The regular business meeting of
the Leical was held at Headquarters
on Monday evening, April -3i-it. Comrade Stebbings In the chair.
The minutes of the previous meeting were adopted and the following
warrants authorized:
For rent »  "-   M
For rent headquarters 10 00
For literature fund      I  00
For Com. Cloak, expenses  ....     6 00
Total , $30  60
The May-Day and Demonstration
Committee reported progress.
The Programme Committee reported that Comrade Kingsley will speak
at Sullivan Hall. Cordova Street, on
next Sunday evening. Com. Pettipiece
to make preliminary announcement on
street corner.
Under order of unfinished business
the treasurer was Instructed lo refund
to Literary Agent all proceeds of literature sales on receipt of a regular
warrant authorizing the sume. The
Literary Agent to keep a separate-
fund for the purchase of new literature.
The Secretary v.-as Instructed to
write to San Francisco Inquiring after
the welfare of the comrades of lhat
Comrade Pritchard to bo chairman
lor Sunday evening.
The financial report showed re-ci'lpts
for the week as follows:
Collected at  Propaganda meeting    $  9  35
Donated  by a  Friend      1  00
Balance In  full on account  of
Dance . .           1  M
Literature sales      1   50
Dues uccount _   ...     1 50
Total $13  95
After formally receiving the report
the  meeting  adjourned.
D.  P. MILLS. Secretary.
Editor "News and Views":
With reference to the deportation of
a few Chinamen from Penticton, B. C.
recently and the conviction und Imprisonment of Geo. E. Winkler, J. EL
Mitchell, J. F. Gladwen and J. W. Edmonds, four young men of that place,
the crime charged was Intimidation—
or in other words taking the law In
their own hands to prevent freedom
of contr let between Chinamen and
the Southern Okanagan l-aml Company.
Workingmen must obey the dictates
of the ruling class, nnd not Intimidate,
even when nny elasa of working mules
are disposed or forced to compete In
the labor murket for the means Of life
The above-mentioned class of lubeir
when allowed to compete with white
labor, determines the amount of
bread and clothes they will get In return for a given amount of labor,
wages being determined by the cost
and manner of living of competitors
in the labor market.
As In this case, and by the economic
conditions that force competition among the tollers in any case, the "law"
must be held Inviolate, as It Is a law
maintained by the ruling class In the
Interests of their class, and Is one of
the means at their command to hold
labor In subjection while the "captains of Industry" exploit them.
As a socialist I deplore the necessity
of such deportations, und the sacrifice-
on the part eif our comrades now doing thirty daya In Kamloops Jail, for
a breach of the law protecting cheap
labor. But It la only what the "organised" portion of society Is trying to do
with the rest of their 'brothers.' But
in the face of this too many working-
men are prone to throw their hats
high (n the air and shout "Britons
never, never shall be slaves," "Canada
lor Canadians," "The Maple I-iaf forever," etc. How nicely this would
sound from behind    the prison bnrs?
These four comrades understand the
economic problem confronting the
workers thoroughly, and also the remedy—socialism—and while I rofer to
them and attribute belly-crawling
caprices as false and futile to their Interests as a class, they know better;
that is why they are where they are.
They had the courage to stand by their
conviction that Inws In the Interest nf
lhe tolling masses are needed on the
statutes, and lt Is up to the working-
men of British Columbia to move ns
the rest of the world's proletariat Is
moving, and keep pace with the ever-
swelling tide of socialism. Then the
workers will make their own laws und
emancipate themselves from the
thraldom of this capitalist profit-
mongering system, along with the four
victims now doing lime at Kamloops.
They nre true and brave comrades,
tind cry out to the workingmen of this
Province from behind    prison walls,
that  prison  Is  no  place    for  honest I
labor,  and  appeal  to  the  workers to
Sells all
Over the
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
unite In concerted action at the ballot
box and to bend men to the legislative
halls to make laws In their own behalf, ever remembering that labor
produces all wealth ahd to lubor it
should Justly belong. There should be
no need to violate any luw In nn opportunity to do honest labor, and by
so doing be insured the means of life
iMid pursuit Of happiness.
The four victims of this Penticton
affair are all well known In the <>kan-
ugiin and Sinillkarneen Val|e*ys, and
have' fur iome time past been a thorn
In thi- hide Of n few capitalist grafters
In the lower parts of the valleys. For
this revolutionary Waa and the active
purl ttie-y have- taken In eiluctttlng the
wage lUves l" a sense' of their duty
to themselves, to shake off the shackles of wage slavery, of letting contracts or Jobs to the lowest bidder In
a competitive lnbor market (Chinamen or nny other class of men).
These thirty days will be remern-
bered by the workingmen of the Okanagan and Similkameen valley, and It
is to be hoped they will stand put for
Ihelr class nt the ballot box next election.
Let them never forget that the present legislators are- against the work-
liigirie-n. other honest men and ranchers: that every organ must obey the
fundamental law of its existence. The
fundamental law of private corpora*
tieins Is profits, the funelamental law
of public corporation is life. Which
win tin- workers choose?
That private' ! OrrporatlQM should
irintriil large tract* o," land, anel alsei
the Ji.bs. that the workers have to get
at to live. Fi>r work means oread, and
you have nothing to exchange f'ir bread
and clothes, but your lubor power. The-
cheaper the- lubor the larger the profits. This is the life of private o-r-
I orations. Conditions that make law-
.iblillng dttsetUI be damned. Conditions that protect the bone and sinew
of our country, "not much." Conditions thai guarantee Immunity from
want to your wife ami children,
•rats.''    Conditions thai  afford tree
access to honest labor anil enjoyment
ol the fruits thereof, "not on ynur tin
type." It is profits, profits, profits at
any sacrifice. What a damnable system, and what are we going to dei
about It'.' The only remedy Is Hoe-uil-
Iftn, and we must get In and change
this profit grinding mill uf human
fle-sh and blooel to a more humane ami
harmonious system of all for each,
and each for all—the e-nrperutlve commonwealth and our children will fur-
get that their fathers ever sung this
little verse:
Now let us be thankful to Shatty nnd
WOt  the  way   they   have  behaveel.
Though  wage's are small.
There Is w-ork now for all,
And the freedom of contract Is saved.
ha, ha.
Knderby, B. C. April  11th,  1»0«.
This is Our
without reservation of any kind.
The choice of hundreds ol men's su.
I-Tbly tailored and faultlessly tnih-
loned lift to 1-0 Suits for
Full and complete lines ln almost
every style — garments that -«m
inade to sell at almost twice ths
prices now asked for them are her*
in a profusion uf styles and tabiUi.
Nover before was our claim. "We
give most for your money," so cleer-
lv  demonstrated.
I»cal Vancouver S. P. of 0. Is arranging fur a general grind time in
commemoration of Intcrnutlonnl Lnbor
Dny, to be held at North Vancouver.
Saturday afternoon and evening. May
fith. Pete Larsen's grounds and pavilion have been secured for the oc-
casian. There will be sports for
young and old, dam Ing In the pavilion
from 2.30 to 5 in the afternoon nnd 8.J0
to 11.36 ln thc evening.. Good music
has been secured nnd refreshments
will bc obtainable upon the grounds.
Ferry tickets will be on sale by Comrade's at thc Vancouver wharf beginning with the 1 o'clock boat. List
boat from North Vancouver will leave
at midnight. All are Invited to pnrtl-
elpute in fraternal concourse upon this
the Lubeir Day thnt expresses the solidarity of Labor in all lands.
Ceime by the 1 o'clock boat, or ns
soon thereafter ns possible. Bring your
wife, your children, your sweetheart,
your neighbors, your friends and your
lunch basket, and have thc Ume of your
April 2»th—E. T. Kingsley; subject,
"Politics of Labor."
May 6th—In hands of Mny Day com •
May 13th—J. G. Morgnn; subject,
"The Trude Union, Ancient and Modern."
Good music.
Ladles especially Invited.
e  1
Second Hand dealer
Cook Stoves nnd Tools a
We buy and sell all kinds of
scrap metal, old machinery,
rubber, sacks, bottles, etc.
_     Store*—188 Cordova St.. E .
;  hardware A )-_-.    101 Powell
St., new and second-hand furniture.
! PkMt lITt       Wmmwm, 1.1
lA't the Clarion print your
printing.   Tel. 824.   Box 836.
PHONE  A1676
TancouTer Eatap.
Employment   and   Financial Agent*.
Real Estate   Experts and    _usl_»»«
Boom 0.  Miller Block.
33 Cordova St, Vancouver. l» 0
Telephone 8391.
Sanitary Exports. Plumbing la all
lu branches. Estimates furnished.
Nopal ri, stove connections, etc.
••• WCSTMIIITCR ML, ttnatti ***.
C. PETERS Stilt.
Ilsnd-Msde Boots est Shews lo er-isf In
sll styles.   Kcpsiiins promptly asd seal*
ly done,    Mock  of staple ready-t-sde
Mian always on hand.
I4M WMttfutff Ave.      MMrt
Our new Qus Holder Is now completed, and we are In a better
pomtliiii   than  ever  to satisfy the requirements of our customers.
If our premises are not already connected, nnd you would like
nn estimate' of the cost of connection, please
giving your uddrerw, and wa will send out our representative, who
will give i'uII Information.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
**—*« mo m m ■■ nmnsssm mmmmmmm wwwmmm^mmmmm*


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