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The Western Clarion Mar 4, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouvbr, B. C, Saturday, March 4, 1905.
subscription Price  ■*! Af.
PBB YEAR 91.1111
Hh often made as to what
(list   members   in   the  Pro-
louse busy themselves about
lie   sessions.     In     order   to
I wide-spread publicity to their
us  possible  we publish    the
|kg, re the Smelter Eight-Hour
ikh  was defeated  by a vote
12 in the House last week,
nopsis   of  Hawthornthwaite's
will give a fairly good idea
iitituili' taken by the Sociul-
ibei'N  in regard  to  questions
It bearing upon the daily life
' who are forced  to sacrifice
prgy  upon the altar of capi-
|n order to obtain enough of
of  life  to  enable them  to
sacrificing.     The  report  of
i'li   us   wc clip  it  from    the
tess,   while   not   as  complete
knilil wish (Mill  gives a fairly
light into the firgument used
l,v n  measure looking to the
[some of I he most meroiloNS-
jlti'il  wage slaves of the pro-
■jiiclter  Eight-Hour Bill.
fetation of the debate on the
eiuiing    of    Mr.    Huwlhorn-
Kight-llour  Kill  for  Sincl-
|re wus a large crowd in the
anil u breathless expectuu-
hn the iiieinber for Nunai-
> introduce his Kill.
jwihoriithwaitu     said     he
sk   them   in   discussing    the
_ before them,   which was so
it to the laborers of British
to set aside all prejudices
Uo the measure on its mer-
voiild like to point out thut
so   desire  on  his  part,   nor
desire of his party to stir
trial   strife in  the province.
[bntrary,  one  of the   many
bringing in  this Kill was
11 bout a period of peace.   It
ried the day before that be
[sufficient  justification    for
I he   Kill,   in   amendment
al Mines Act,  as there was
tl  demand  lor  it.     If  that
this wus certainly not the
regard   to   the  eight-hour
Sim Iters.     A year ago a re-
i-uiiie to him from the inin-
(Jreenwood,     saying     that
under  the present system
its,   men  had   to     work   12
ilny,  und the conditions un-
ili  they  labored  were such as
rotluctive of disease,  they  re-
him   to   introduce   into     the
in  Eight-Hour  Hill  for smol-
ferltish Columbia."    He had
Icivod requests from other or-
|ons   at   the   same   lime,   and
pledged   his   word     to   thorn
would introduce such a bill.
rd to the question of raising
il strife, he said that he had
a   telegram   from   the socre-
ihe Greenwood  Miners'  Ix>-
ring   that   to   all   intents  and
|s, if the Eight-Hour Bill was
; it would aver! a strike which
mineiit   there.    He nlso read a
from  the Trades and La-
micil of Nelson, asserting thut
jwners uf smellers had taken
[against   the   Eight-Hour   Kill
V«! using all possible means to
members    to   oppose   this
the delegates,   officers   and
of all branches of organized
enounced the statements made
(smelter men  that   they were
to the Eight-Hour Law, and
ey   were   in   sympathy     with
rnturo of the Bill.    They ask-
members  of  the  British  Co-
T.egi>.'lature to  use their   in-
fto secure its passage.
|t Influenced By American
was another matter which he
to  make  plain.     Statements
en circulated around  the lob-
the House by representatives
smelter men that he had in-
|d the Bill  at the instance of
an   smelter  agents    for    their
age.    He denied this emphati-
Amendment to "Coal Mines Regulation Act" and Proposed
"Eight-Hour Smelter Bill" Cause a Flurry.
cally. It was a matter that had
been entered into heartily long ago,
and he could assure the Assembly
that it was not introduced at the instance of tmy one on the other side
of the line. I .as I year the same
statements were used in regard to
the Eight-Hour Coal Mine Bill. He
thought he could safely say that his
worst opponent on the floor of the
House would endorse this statement
ns far as he was concerned, and
would say that he had lieen entirely
consistent in his efforts.on behalf of
the workingmen since he entered the
The Socialists and Industries.
Another statement had been made
on the floor of the House that it
was the desire of himself and the
parly he represented to destroy the
.industries of the province, or at least
take them over and convert them into Socialistic property. On the other hand they desired to build up the
industries of this und every other
country in the world; possibly, he
would frankly admit, with a view of
ultimately taking them over for the
benefit of the masses who needed
them. The gentleman who made tbe
assertion had no need to be alarmed
because until the people of the province, and, in fact, of the whole continent, were -tssured of the necessity
of the measures they would not be
put into force; but the day might
not be so far distant as some hon.
gentlemen seemed to think.
Conditions of Labor in Smellers.
In smellers men worked under arduous conditions—conditions such
that in the case of the Northport
smelter the operators had been obliged to pay the farmers round about
compensation for the destruction of
crops and trees. If such was the result upon vegitiition from the unhealthy gases emanating from the
smelters, how much worse would it
be in the case of human life? That
would be the case, loo, even if tbe
men were working only moderate
hours. In that unhealthy occupation
I bey were employed for the longest
hours in force anywhere in the province—in short, the longest hours
that capitalists can force men to
work they do. It had been stated
that the average life of men in smelters was 15 years, owing to the long
hours and arduous nature of the occupation. In this, as in some other
occupations, a man had to go into
the open market and sell the only
asset he had with which to secure a
livinc—his labor power. This he
sold to the smelter men, but he expected that he would not be taken
undue advantage of. In smelters,
the men were not working eight
hours, but 10, 11 and 12 hours; that
meant that the capitalists of the
province expected a man to work
four additional hours per day above
the ordinary working day. This
meant 21 extra hours a week, or 144
days |ht year above the time that
they should work. It meant that
instead of 365 days, they had to
work .MW .lays. Under these circumstances, waa it any wonder that the
average life of the men employed in
smelters was only 15 years?
itcply to Mr. Mcinnes.
The member for Albeini yesterday
made the statement that the corporate industries of this piovince wished heartily that this kind of legislation would not crop up so often as
it does. "1 can quite understand,''
s'lid Mr. Hawthornthwaite, "that
they would not like this body to
meet even every fifteen years, if there
was any chance of their inhuman exploitation of men being stopped.
But. on the other hand, if they desired bonuses or grants for railways,
they would be pleased to have it
meet every month."
Mr. Mcinnes Expluins.
Mr. Mcinnes rose at this point and
suid that he did not make the statement that the corporate industries
of the province wished that the
House would meet only once in two
years. He did say, however, that
all men interested in the industries
of the province would be relieved if
I lie House should meet only once in
two years, and by this he intended
to include workingmen as well as
Strikes Condemned.
Air. Hawthornthwaite replied that
he u cepteil this explanation. For
himscK he represented the working-
men alone, and he wanted to point
out that it was absolutely impossible fur these men to obtain redress
by methods which the House could
not endorse—lie meant by trade union methods or strikes. He was utterly opposed to any such methods.
He believed the day of trades unionism wus gone, and that the trades
unions wore utterly ineffective to do
anything but to raise up strife. He
believed the House was the proper
place to deal with such questions as
the one on hand, if capitalists exploited men to a merciless extent, it
was the duty ot the House to step
in and say that it should not be so.
If thu capitalists could work men 23
hours out of the 24, they would do
so. What must follow from these
long hours? The degradation and
destruction of the race of which all
were so proud. In Great Britain it
was found that in cases where men
were required for carrying war into
another country (the Boer war), it
was found that they could not get
enough workingmen capable of croing
into that country to fight the battles ol the capitalist class. It was
found by a commission appointed to
inquire into the difficulty* tha* owing lo ibe long hours of labor and
inferior food, the workingmen of
Great Britain were rapidly deteriorating. Such a condition of affairs
could only be stopped by legislative
bodies taking action  in  the matter.
Labor legislation Was Not
lt was said that if the measure before the House were put into operation, it would drive capital out of
the country. It had been said thut
an eight-hour law in regard to
quartz mines had been the means of
friirhteiiing capital  from British  Co-
was not the case'. The reason wus
not one of law, but was almost entirely owing to the fact that the
stock of the mines was "rossly inflated, and people investing in it
could not possibly hope to obtain
fair returns from it. It. was suid
even today that, if the proposed law
came into force, capital would go
out and capitalists would close down
their plants.
Mr.  Punsmu'r'S Throats.
Mr. James Dunsmuir had said that
if the Bill were passed it would result in closing down his mines. He
had sent this message both to the
introducer and to the Ladysmith
board of Iradc, instructing the latter to take what action it thought
best. The board of trade had sent
down a delegation to bombard liiin
with resolutions and try to induce
him to withdraw the measure. But
he did not propose to be bulldozed
by Mr. Dunsmuir or any one else.
He did not believe that the mines
would be closed down. Business
would uo on just the same, and men
would be relieved from merciless and
deadly exploitation.
Threat  to  Clear  the  Galleries.
Amid loud applause from the gul-
leries, Mr. Hawthornthwaite resumed his seat. The Speaker called for
order, and threatened that if the applause were repeated he would have
strantrers cleared from the House.
lumbia.     He was satisfied  that  this  Mr.  Hnwthornthwnile Explains Bill.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said the
member for Delta was not quite correct. He had stated previously, in
introducing this Kill, that it had
been the custom at N'unaimo to work
eight hours in the mine cut, but now
instead of working eight hours they
were working nine hours from bank
to bank. This was also the condition of affairs at Fernie. He said
that since the member for Delta had
introduced it in ihat way, it would
be necessary for him to re-open the
whole subject. He pointed out that
in the old country, in Northumberland and Durham, the miners only
worked seven hours from bank to
| bank, and yet. he did not hear any
great outcry Hint production was
hampered to any great extent. It
had been the intention in England
for some time post to introduce an
eight-hour bill, and when it went
through, he was sure it woyld lie
found that they would have an eight-
hour day from bank to bank. The
hon. member for Delta did not understand coal mining evidently. If they
made it from the top of the shaft,
instead of from bank to bank, they
would need to appoint an inspector
to go from place to place to enforce
the law He would remind the
House of the outcry that took place
when he introduced the Workmen's
Compensation Act a few years ago.
Delegations of mine owners and coal
barons poured down upon the House
in shoals, and they assured every
member of the House that if the Bill
were; passed, industry would be paralysed, and mines and works would
be closed down. One man in his district told him thai if the Bill were
passed his works would Lie closed
down the next day. but the Hill was
passed ami the works did not stop,
and  were going today.
Shorter  Hours   Don't Decrease
Production.    \
The amendment to the Coal Mines
Regulation Act introduced by Comrade J. H. Hawthornthwaite into
the Provincial House met its quietus
at the hands of Labor's friends in
the shape ot capitalist politicians,
by a vote, of 17 to 13. The Act was
amended at last session providing
for an eight-hour day in the mines,
a provision it. is almost needless to
say was observed by the coal barons
only when they felt so inclined. The
amendment imposed a penalty of not
more than One hundred, or less than
twenty-five dollars, mid in default of
payment to a term of imprisonment
not exceeding two months, upon both
employer and employee for a violation of the Act.
As stated by Hawthornthwaite, the
Act passed the house last year without opposition eitJier from the coal
barons or their representatives. This,
doubtless occurred because they had
no intention of observing its requiro-
meots, whieh after events proved.
When the amendment came alonjf,
however, with a proposed penalty
attached to a non-observance of the
provisions of the- act, matters became serious, and both coal barons
and their retainers "got busy" to
defeat it %
Presumably a good portion of the
13 votes cast in favor of the amendment wore thrown in to make good
measure and to prevent the matter
from appearing too one-sided. By
some it might lie termed "casting
an anchor to windward" for support
at future elections. the News-Advertiser of this city reports Hawthornthwaite, speaking in support of
the amendment ns follows:
When this matter was under discussion in Great Britain some time ago
it was announced that some £34.-
000,000 had been earned in one yeur
above the actual cost of production,
which meant that this enormous
amount had been fairly ground out
of the lives of these people working
underground Under these conditions, it was the sole aim and object of the capitalists to oxtend tne
hours of labor as long as they could.
The worker hod to work a certain
length of time to pay his own wages
and every moment he worked beyond
that he was working for that surplus value for the capitalist class,
for which their greed was so notorious.
in the old country where men were
supposed to be so oppressed, they
did not work eight, hours a day; but
here in British Columbia, where civilization was so advanced, they would
be satisfied if they only bad to work
eight houra from bank to bank. Jn
smelters men were working 11 hours
a day, hut until different legislation
was introduced, dealing with thin
class ot work, nothing could be accomplished. He pointed out, however, that since the eight-hour law
had been introduced for metalliferous
mines, they had bad peace. When
the trouble arose at Fernie soma
years ago, it was from the fact that
men were driven to desperation by
working long hours. Men working
short hours would submit to greater
eyictions than under any other conditions. Tin: capitalist in this respect was absolutely merciless. Jf
he could work men lt) hours a day
he would do so. They need not fear
their threats of closing their mines.
As long as there was a dollar to be
burned out in the hides of the workingmen of this province, the capitalists would not flee.
Miners Should Be Protected.
On behalf oi coal miners he asked
that th-jy, above all other men,
should lie protected, lor their calling
was a most difficult and dangerous
one. ami they should be protected to
the limit He referred to a state-,
ment of the Premier that afternoon'
that the percentage of accidents in
the coal mines in this province was
very gieat. The coal mine was no
pleasant place to work. The air was
noxious and unwholesome, and they
deserved protection, if any one did.
This Bill could do no harm whatever. The capitalist would simply
insist on the intensification of labor,
and if the hours were shorter a man
would have to work the harder, or
the owner would introduce labor-saving devices, and perhaps some of the
men would be dismissed. He point-
mi that out to them, but whatever
happened they would have to stand
it.    These same regulations he asked
1  Mr   Hawthornthwaite then went on
to quote instances to show  that the/        , - 	
lessening of the hours of labor did J f"r. ha" been introduced in Great
not decrease the amount of produc- I "n , "1 Bnd "ad met with the 8*n"e
tion. The oieht-hour experiment had kintl °* Predictions from the coal bar.
been tried in some of tho great iron onK, ihcFe: but they were enforced,
works of the old coimtrv, and it was am' ha'? •» n° doKree interfered with
found that both in contract and day l f ,l*mtlant °[ Grcaj ***** •» one
labor men produced as much in eight I °\ ,tho «"»•*** producing countries
hours as  they had formerly done in  of the wor,,,-     '■■»■"»«»■"   «'.«■ *■»-
11. He pointed out that in Northumberland and Durham, in England,
men working seven hours per day
produced 790 tons ,of coal per annum. In Forfarshire, under an eight
hour system, they produced 465 tons
per annum, and in the west of Scotland, where hours were longer, they
produced 368 tons per annum. They
would find that wherever hours were
longer, men produced less, because
men lost their agility and ability to
work when confined too long underground. It wns the same with accidents. They did not increase where
men worked shorter hours, as some
of the coal barons stated. In the
north of England, where the short-
hour system prevailed, the accidents
were only 1.08 to 1000 men, and it
was found in every case that where
men worked shorter hours, production  increased and accidents decrease
Employer after Employer had been dragged into court
there for refusing to obey the rules
and some of the arguments they used
were a disgrace to civilization.
Further Measures Promised.
"I tell you, gentlemen," concluded
Mr. Hawthornthwaite, "you will
have to go a great deal farther than
this before you are through with
this matter. You may look upon
this as a Socialist measure, because
it is introduced by Socialist members of the House, but in reality it
is no |«trt of our program, which
certainly goes a great deal further
than this. I hope before this session
closes to put before the House a full
list of what are the real demands of
the workingmen of this province. I
think it wil. t« found that they include questions far more serious,
both to the capitalists in this pro-
vioce and the world at large." (Applause.)
»rmer Treated Kindly, the Lat-
ice Driven to Starvation.
upwards of thirty  thousand
|n war prisoners now in Japan.
he pride of Japan to say that
[prisoners    are    treated     very
Japan    is      making     war
It the Russian government, but
enmity towards Russian peo-
individtials.    Why then should
treat kindly those poor pris-
fcwho     are  our    brothers    and
tirs?     But  it   is  very  strange
rhile these poor foreigners are
Il so kindly, there are innumer-
(lall'-starvod  laborers    in    this
who  are  more closely   our
Irs     and     neighbors,   and    for
I protection,   it   is     said,     tho
ft   war   is   being     waged.—The
mendible upon the part of our revolutionary comrades in far-away Japan.
fchokupen is the organ of the
use Socialists, as successor of
►imin Shimbun. recently forced
existence. The same indomi-
splrit prevails among the Ja-
eomrnnVfl as exists among
lof nil other countries where
pvement has taken root. The
(fly consideration of ?he cap-
tussinn soldiers, expressed in
>ve clipping, is extremely com-
The rigors of jail life in Sebasto-
pol, Russia, are considerably toned
down by having v the beds which are
pluced severe! yards above the floor,
provided with mechanism which enables the Jailers to turn them upside
down, throwing the prisoners heavily
upon the floor. The humor derived
from these little pleasantries quite
naturally tends to relieve the ordinary tedium of imprisonment.
116 coal miners were entombed by
an explosion in the Virginia mine
near Birmingham, Alabama, on Fob.
20. 90 bodies wore recovered by
Feb SS. when <t was found to be
impossible to reach the remaining 26
until the water wns pumped out of
the mine. By extreme good fortune
the owners of the mine escaped unhurt.
The world "do move," as Uncle
Jasper would say. The Nebraska
Legislature has passed a law making it i crime to work a monkey in
tonnecllon with a hand organ for
more than eight hours a day." May
the good work go on until similar
provisions are made for the balance
of our tribe.
Its Phantasms Appear  to  Have the
"Wry Neck."
There is something decidedly awry
with that Socialist-Conservative coalition in the Provincial House that
has been conjured up by the sickly
Liberal press of Victoria and Vancouver. We note that McBride and
Macdonald, the respective leaders of
the Conservative, and Liberal highbinders of capitalism, both spoke
against the Eight-Hour Smelter Bill
introduced by Hawthornthwaite. Tho
former voted against it, while the
laflor, for reasons best known to
himself and everybody else who knew
all about it, refrained from voting.
Silly people might suspicion an understanding between them : those
possessing a grain of sense would
know that no understanding would
be necessary. Thefr respective parties stand for the same thing, and
however much they may snarl at
oacl' other over the division of the
I on veil and fishes, could not help
but bo drawn together at tho first
scent of danger to tho Interests from
whieh ihoy spring. The moment
capitalist privileges wore threatened
by the bill In question, the erstwhile
yawp of the Liberal  press about    a
Socialist-Conservative conlition resolved itsejf into the old cry of
"stop thief/'
 o •	
Capital  Runs All  Risk, But Workers
Lose Their Lives.
No man can be really free while
another man controls his job. Wo
cannot be aa tiuly free people, nor
can we have lasting pence and harmony so long as a purt of the people are dependent on the will of others for permission to work. No matter what laws and constitutions may
say, no malt tor what, pleasant phrases about liberty anil equality and
unalienable rights we may hoar on
the fourth of July, this hard fact
remains, thht back of nil political
questions is tho economic question,
the bread-and-butter question, H10
question of (retting a living; and if
some rraen under the forms of legal
freedom nntl equnlity. have actual
power fjo prevent others from getting
a living or to dictate tho conditions
und?r which t.Key may ho allowed to
work, they wield a power of oppression as groat as Hint of feudal lords
or holders of chat lei slaves.—Tho
Capita? jioitHor makes, nor assi its
in making- wealth, lt only makes
trouble fori the wealth producers, tho
A terrific explosion occurred in the
I'nitcd States Coal and Coke Company's mine near Wilcoe, West Virginia, on Feb, 20. While it is barely possible that some of the miners
may b' taken out alive, it is fully
expected that the entire 23 at work
nt the time have been killed. At
;his writing, 15 bodies have boon
taken out. The dispatches state
that the "dead miners are all ltali-
lians and Hungarians." This by no
means lessens tho horror of the calamity of which they were tho victims,  however.
Tho  mines  belonged   lo  (he IT.   S.
steel    Corporation,    the   operating
company  being   an   adjunct  thereto.
"The cause of the explosion has not
, yet   boon   dolortnined."     and     "may
■ never bo known."    It wns, of course,
I not   duo     (o   nnv   noirliirenro  of   tho
company.        Such   affairs   never   are.
ns  capitalist  concerns   are  proverbially   more   zonlous   in   providine-   for
the safety of employes than In making profit.
A most striking indication of increasing prosperity in and around
the city of Vancouver, is afforded in
the encouraging increase in the volume of the city's business. Chief
North reports that "the chain-gang
has grown so large that another wagon is required to convey the crowd
to work." An increase in the city's
business necessitating such'an important addition to its industrial
plant is flattering indeed, and may
be considered as a cheering sign of
the times. Liberal appropriations
should be made by the city fathers
for this eminently worthy purpose,
thus materially aiding in firmly
placing upon its feet an industry of
groat value to the tax payers.
There is one reason why I have
never licen able to feel that detestation for Shylock which Shakespeare
evidently intended to inspire;, why
I have never felt uny strong indignation against swindlers like Hooley
or Wright; why, even the burglar
appears to mc to be rather an object
of sympathy than of reprobation,
and that is because all of these prey
and have preyed, not upon my class,
but upon those who prey upon my
class.—Tattler in London Justice.
A good man may run a bad system a little better than a bad man,
but if the system is hopelessly wrong
the only sensible and righteous thing
to do is to change the system.—Ex. \m
He Westers Clarion
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the Working Class alone
at the office of the Western Clarion,
Flock block basement, 165 Hastings
straat, Vancouver, B. C.
^nrth 4
lota   of
m*chlnMy   of  modern    Industry,    •*  would still  be economic  bond slaves
thst the owotrs may realize the best I of capital.
possible results from it. Government  is the  instrument used
I .e  struggle for  existence  in     the j by the masters of economic power'to
hcd   of  production   and   distribution ! hold   the  workers   in   wage   bondage
has  been as fierce among capitalists ! Its  mission   is  to justify    with    the
as  could   be  desired.     The  stronger-tamp of legality  th
have survived;  the weaker have been   talista  to  own  th
crushed.     The   relative
been   determined
"specie* of Socialism." An industrial esiiblisluii.-nt owned by the
state anil operated by convict labor
is u specimen of the most novel and
uniiju.' "species of Socialism" yet
evolved from the prolific grey matter
right  of capi-jof     capitalism's     editorial    nincom-
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moans  of  wealth! poops      The   Kansas   Citv     Journal
strength   has   production,   thus  securing    to    them!dubs   the project   as  "ranklv  Social-
.    , the,r    relative   sole  control  of  the economic  power  ' istic
power to produce cheaply.     The sue-'That  the present  system
any   capitalist   concern     de-|in   the means  of  wealth
Watch the label on your paper
If this number is on it, your
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March 4,  1005
cess   of
ponds upon its ability to place its
products upon the market at a lower price than its competitors. Therein lies the power of the economic organizations of capital.
While it is. no doubt, true that in
some instances the action of workers may have hastened the building-
■ip of such economic organizations of
capitalists, and agreements have been
made whereby capitalist
have stood together for th
of withstanding the workej
demands,   ns  a
and    "clearly    in.practical."
of property j Wiser than its Topeka contemporary,
production   it  declares that     the attempt might
-should  continue,  all  capitalists    arejas   well   be  made   to  bail   out   Lake
Party of  Canada should run'a car I' 2S^P&)^*^"I»—"^
i under   this    head.    SI.00  per  innnih   |	
Secretaries please note.
Every Labor fuiuii in the ,
'""lace a card tinder thi< &ZP'"* \,
secretaries plei.se note *** i
-^-^--J* in 'heir
general    rule    these
huge concerns hav.
lb"  struggle
the control   of
Make no mistake : The organization of the working class must be
both economic and political. The capitalist class is organized upon both
lines You must attack it on both.
It is sometimes safe to jump to a
conclusion,  and again it is not.     If
a person's feet were suddenly knocked from under him he might safely
conclude that he would speedily hit
the  ground  is  quite   an  unpleasant
manner.    In thus   jumping   to a conclusion be could not be far out    in
his reckoning,   because  the  facts  relative   to   the   phenomena   known   as
tbe law of gravitation arc so simple,
so self-evident,   that  no amount     of
reasoning however   sophistical  could
lead to any other conclusion.    When
Columbus   proposed   by   sailing   out
into the western ocean to eventually
arrive  at.   the  eastern  edge  of     the
then known  world,  upon the theory
that the earth was round, the wiseacres of his time jumped to the conclusion  that  even  were   his    theory-
correct, once he sailed down the watery hill he would be unable to sail
up  again.     But    there    were   many
things relating to the structure and
habit of terrestrial bodies that were
unknown    to     the     wiseacres,    and
though  they  laughed  him   to  scorn,
the  daring  navagator's  theory    was
proven   to   be   a   truth.     In   hastily
jumping  to  a conclusion  tbe     wiseacres only  succeeded    in  floundering
in the quagmire of their own ignorance.     Too   often   in    this    the  case
with  mortal  man,    even   unto    this
day,  in dealing with matters    that
appear at  first glance quite as simple and self-evident,  as did the theory that the earth was flat, to the
people of Columbus' time.    It would
be far better for all concerned  were
a little reasoning expended in learn-
grown  lift  out  of
among   capitalists    for
economic  power,   and
quite   Independently   of   the   working
class, or its action.     That  they have
boon purposely created ns
■piracy  against   lal.
erronous  idea,
to   be    entertained
moaning jx-rsons.
If   those   who
sion   that   it
b huge Connor  is  rather   an
although such appears
many    a/eJl-
agreed, no matter how fierce the
struggle may be between them for
points of vantage under It.
The economic organization of capitalists  is a  necessary   part  of    the
process ol  bringing the industrial efficiency of labor to tho highest standard,   thereby  making it possible   to
produce a  maximum  of  wealth   with |
a   minimum   of  effort.     It   is,   therefore    in   line   with   human    progress
and should under no circumstances be
rought,     Thai   the  working  class    to-j
redeem   it-elf   from   its   kronent   wage
bondage   must   first  obtain    mastery
over tho means of wealth production     ,'"'a"'"'      FoD
, , ,, „.»...       ...i     ,h<* "ailway committee this morning
is beyond question.    Ihat to obtain ' w_    4    i-   i _„. „ ,        .,,, . . H
1 i,r-   -»•   r..  Lancaster*  bill  requiring
this entails  successful  political  war-   railways    to    maintain    gates     and
•.£&;._    ---i—»   -»--=   'watchmen   at   all   level   crossings   in
the    thickly   populated
Superior with a ham! scoop as to
try to handle the Kansas oil yield
with a little two-by-four state refinery.''
To watch the gyrations and cavort ings of "little cockroaches" in
their mad efforts to do away with
what they term monopoly by conjuring up and regalvuiiiziDg with new
life the now practically defunct compel it ion from which it came, is about
as instructive and even more amusing than to watch a dog busily en-
gaged in chasing his own tail.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. It. Stebbings. John E. Bubberiey,
W. H. Flowers, C. Fetors. Alf. Leah;
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; R. 1*
Pettipiece; secretary, 25 Tenth ave.,
Vancouver,   K. C.
Greenwood    Miners'   UnioiTiT
W. V. M.    Meets    everW1
evening in Union hall j 'R X
president; Ernest    Mill,  I""**
treasurer. '   ecr«lVj.
Phoenix Tradea and Labor
Meets    every    alternate
John   Riordan,  president-
Brown,  vice-president-    p   „
cassc sergeant-at-arms   •■■ '-
cassc sergeant-at-arms; \\' u,H
bury, secretary-treasurer P A !*
•98. Phoenix, B. C.       '     ° "*
jump to the conclu-
is necessary for the
workers who have no economic power to form economic organizations
just because I ho capitalists do,
would only tell us how it is possible
to do so under tho circumstances, or
what to do with it once we form it,
we would feel grateful indeed. Shall
we utilize as (lo the capitalists in
regard to their commodities for the
purpose of reducing tho cost of tho
production of our commodity
power) to the low-
so   as   to   bo   able
fare   oy
class,    for     tho
fiing   them   of   tho
legalize  nnd   defend   their  control
the  moans  of  wealth  production.
est   possible  point
 ^^^^^  (o   undersell    our
competitors   and   put   them   out     of
business ?
To be sure SuTn a proposition
would cause a howl of protest from
the camp of Labor, but it is an indisputable fact that it is the only
method the capitalists were over able
to devise that could solv
lem of fitting a largt
itilists into a limited
jobs as labor skinners. The
occasionally tried to
burning down
other's   factories,
e  the prob-
muiibor of cap
number     of
^^^^    have
solve   it   by
or   blowing   up    each
but   were  always
fompelleti to fall back upon the old,
time.tried  method of competing each
other out of business.    Just how the
workers ure lo fit  a lar"e number of
labor "skinnccs"  into a limited number of places in which
—jobs—by   any   other
net yet   been adequately explained.
Tho massing of economic power under tho control of gigantic corporations effects the desired purpose of
eliminating waste by sloughing superfluous capitalists into
of   wage   earners,   thus
the   workers,   against   their
eonomic rulers,   the capital-
purpose     of    strip-
power   to    longer
_^^^_^^^^_^^^^^—      is
equally  true.
Tho conquest of the public powers
by the working class is a task demanding tho undivided attention and
most earnest efforts of every member of that class.
Energy expended in trying to convert impossible economic dreams into i
available ass-ts, or to batter down
the walls of capitalist Jericho Iy
the blowing of economic "soap bui>-
blos.' is wasted lo I.abor's cause,
and only tends to prolong the hour
of its agony by delaying the time of
its deliverance from the thraldom of
capitalist exploitation.
By tho exercise of our reasoning
faculties wo should be able to avoid
floundering into quagmires, dreaming impossible dreams, or blowing
useless  bubbles.
| OCAL VANCOUVER,  No.  1, S. P.
ia   of K. C.    Business meetings every .	
Wednesday  evening  In   the  head-   «t~I|        „.        .
quarters.   TngJesihe   block   (room   1,       w   r   uM"?frs     Uni
second     floor).   .'113   Cambie   street. I •"'  M'    Mcr's
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at fl o'clock in the l/e Petite
theatre, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, box 8.'I6, Vancouver,
>. Il0||
'on,   No.
. ,cvfr>' Saturdai
evening at 7-jO 0 clock in Minn I
hall.   Wm. Barnctt. president; J„|«
secretary. " ,!
districts of '
cities, towns and villages throughout (Canada, or else to reduce the
speed of trains to ten miles an hour,
was killed today upon a vote of 2.'l
to 61, Tho same bill was before the
hoi.so last  session.
Tho argument of the ma'orlty was
that the Railway commission was
vested with all necessary authority
to enforce whatever protection was
needed in each individual case, or
deal with the problem as it saw fit
bv ironeral regulations, and that the
Railway commission was a more
competent trib.inul to deal with the
mailer  than  parliament.
Tho railways submitted that the
passage of Mr. Lancaster's lull would
have cost them $2,000,000.—Daily
C  PETERS   fntsmuax
Hand-Made Boot* and Shoes to erdet la
all styles.   KepairinK premptly and neatly done.     Stock  of staple  ready-made
Shots always on haud.
2456 Weittusiter Ave       Usui rlMMit.
Nanaimo rf/iner.' Union, No. „, „
I\ M.    meets every third Sai»'A
from July 2.   Mired Amlrc       ^
ident; Jonathan    Ish
Box 259,   Nanaimo,
ing secretary.
erwood, P. o,
B. C.
J. Klwako Hutu. A. C. BRWOK-Jaca
11 so. K. McCiionun.
Railway Block     Tel. Kfe.   P.O. Box 1KB.
324 Nattiigt Stmt     -     Vaactavtr, I. C
e   n-ekloss
ii"   tho
extravagance of com-
railroad companies to
sacrifice their hard-earned dollars for
the sake of saving a few measly human lives not north as many coj>-
pors was very properly frowned down
qy the commit tee. It is to he hoped
thnt no more such impudent attempts will bo made to interfere
with the "sacred
that, as class antagonism gets more
acute and social revolution becomes
inevitable, the minority will accept
the decision of the majority without
a fight. Nor let u.s tuke it for granted that, with the great and growing
dangers urouud us, lime will be
given to allow the apathetic toilers
of this country to use their vutes
with effect. For this reason, as well
as other reasons, it is our duty to
neglect no opportunity, novr that we
have u noiit lens of
cruls   in   almost
The   International   Brotherhood
Electrical Worker..-,,,,,, ^
Meets   second  and   fourth   Tk
days at I. B.  F. VV. Hall   R
Ingleside      Block.      Rlfi*
Dillabougli;     recording
Seoc 5 Farr; ,fi,nanci;" 5ecr""y,
H. Sellar.    Address al! coinmusia
•ions   to   the   hall.   All
brethren cordially invitH
to be skinned
process    has
the   ranks
ending   their
ing how to avoid e quagmire,  than  l'apita,istic   career.      But tho   sain
methoti    of    procoedure
tu expend volumes of energy in floundering through it.
Now as to the economic organization of the capitalist and the conclusion jumped at, that a counter   organisation  of   workers  must   be   set
up for the purpose of fighting it. The
economic organization of the capitalist expresses itself  in  the form    of
modern  corporations,  and  which   in
turn    are     often   bound     together
through agreement or by virtue   of
the (act  that ownership    Is   vested
largely in the same individual capitalists.     The petty economic power
of the one-time individual capitalist
has been merged Into the combined
economic power of many.    This concentration of capital has been made
in obedience tu  the  requirements  of
the ever-increasing    majAiude    and
power of  the inachlnerj*';»f production.     As  the machine has  become
more gigantic, complicated and powerful   it has forced the massing    of
greater capital and the organization
of a larger army  of workers under
one management,  in  order that    it
might be economically operated and
the owners thus be enabled to    obtain   the   greatest  possible    benefits
from its operation.    It is only    by
such huge combinations   of   capital
that tho gigantic machinery of pro-
eduction could be handled under   the
present system of ownership, and the
owners be   in n   position   to withstand  the assaults of other capitalists.     In   the struggle going on   in
the "economic field" among capitalists, the victory lies with those capitalists   who    control    the   largest
masses of capital    As gigantic capital implies a large and efficiently organized  army  of    laborers,  it still
further    implies    a      corresponding
cheapening of the cost  of production
below   which  smaller  capital  cannot
go.    The smaller capitalists succumb
in  tho competitive sirup-He,  and  in
the hands of the larger there mobilizes a correspondingly greater economic power.    The huge economic organizations of capitalists,  therefore,
represent  the  orderly,  efficient    and
economical operation of the gigantic
 ^^^^^^ does     not
bring about the same result when
the attempt is made by the working
people to adopt it. Superfluous workers cannot so easily be disposed of
There is no lower economic strata
into which they can be forced, and
thoy quite stubbornly refuse to be
sloughed out of existence.
The marvelously effective industrial
power  of  capitalist  concerns   comes
into their hands as a  logical  result
of   the   growth   and   development   of'
the tools and methods of production
and th.;- more pc-feet organization of
industry   thus  not  only  made possible but   necessary.    Capitalist  industries are engaged  in  producing commodities,  out of the production and
sale of which a surplus value or profit may l>e realized.     Hence when   a
sufficient   volume  of  economic  power
has boon massed  under one management  to enable it to crush its competitors,   the  price  of  its commodities becomes normal and steady, thuK
allowing   the   maximum     stream    of
revenue to flow into its coffers.   Tho
apinc   of   capitalist  methods  in  tho
matter of economic  organization  by
the workers, must eventually lead to
disaster for several  reasons.     In the
first place  they  have no  power over
wealth  production,   therefore nothing
organize  along  such   lines,    that
A most terrible state of
se.-ins to have developed in the state
of Kansas, "bleeding Kansas.'' It
has conte to light thai tho Standard
Oil Company has had the audacity
to actually become the owner of all
the pi(>e linos in tho slate ns well as
the oil r.-fineries, and holds a practical monopoly of Lite entire oil field
as ;i consequence. it has been
"squeezing the producers" by charging them "what it pleased" for
transporting their oil. It has also
had the unmitigated gall to "fix tho
price" at which they should sell
their product. Needless to say this
has caused tho "producers" exceeding [tain, causing them to howl most
woefully. They have been almost
driven to the necessity of "soiling
out the oil field to the Standaril at
its own price," the only alternative
being to "sell oil below cost." All
of which is very sad indeed.
These producers are merely little
"cockroaches" in the capitalist world
who, not possessing sufficient capital to enable them to equip themselves with the great enginery of oil
production such as pipe lines, refineries, railways, etc., find themselves
at the mercy of the big fellows who
can do so.
every  town,   of adjuring our troops not under any circumstances   whatever    to     fire  upon
their   relatives.     That   seems   to   me
the most  important lesson for us to
be learnt from the Czar's hideous but-
mnde    to    Interfere jcherj   of u fortnight or so ago.    No-
rights of property/'   ,"",v «r|iecte^that ghaaUy incident
I ti,,. n„. ii remember,   and  it   is  the unexpected
affairs !lh<   I»°'""""" government   la  no  pa-|whlch  alwHys  bappeita in  revolution-
AND GEJItXKalEN |„ tl*
and adjoining Urritori«, to rcnmJ
and advertise „,,. W,,ole>„l,. „„ 'f *£
tiom.1 II»partB.«nta of an old «#Ml2
hou*. al solid financial Wanding
ry $3..',0 per day, wm,
vain-Btl earn Monday hv r|1P,k ,„
from headquarter*. i|or(M, aml '
furnished when nereanary; ,„,.iUori "
inanent. Add.ess. |!|cw |'n
0«Pt.   6.   Morion   IM>|r
«M>-i!So,   ill
a   Co
institution   designed
sill.V   folk
mamm , — 	
to   pro-jary  times.       -t^^m^m^^^^^^^^
u who   km-'w   no  better o	
■an   to get   run   over     by    railway1    T'"'   introduction  of  measures into
'nuns,    u ,hf.v (1(, not want to ^ | a house of  parliament  deal wed
hurt    lot thorn k
keep off the track.
not to iik rTrxrrTFn.
From  an  editorial  in   London
tice of Feb,   11.. und
li.'iun     of    th'
written   bv   M
er caption "The
Social  Revolution "
ists  and
as a  "hawk
proof of  this
note     the     ^
which   took
improve the lot of the worker, causes
as   violent   a   flutter   among   capital-i
their   political   I line-servers '
in     *   barnyard."     In I
ii  is but necessary   to j
note    the    squawking    and    flapping |
plate    at   Victoria   over I
Hawthorn!hwaite's Fight - Hour '
. j Smelter   Hill.     The   cackling   in   tho
llmdmnn.   it  np-  political barnyard of capitalism will
*n   is   not   to   lie ■ bo   something    fierce   later   on   whin
idea   that    Brit- J much  more drastic
ain's rulers will  be any more merci- I troduced
fill,   or   loss  likely   to   resort   t„   nlll
Tat Oldtsf later Paper Ii trail
Alw.'.ys a fearless* exponent in iW
cause oflabor.
For one dollar the paper will l«
sent to any address for one y. »r,
Workingmtn of all count- » « !'
soon recognize the fact Chi ilu-v
moat support and read Shu labor
Issued every Frttluv
Tbe Voice Publishing Co., Limits
pears   that   gentleman
led  away   with   the
merciless  as  any  in   their
to         ^^^^^^^^
can be- of any lasting effect uirainst
the enormous economic power of tho
Superfluous workers cannot be
competed but of existence by tho
■trpngor ones without the latter at
thi same time practically destroying
themselves by losing all of the advantages they had hoped to gain.
And even could the superfluous labor
power be disposed of by being conjured out Of existence, they would
-elill be in subjection to the total
mass of economic power controlled
by the capitalists. They would si ill
be involuntarily producing a coiiimo-
dilv (labor power) over the production of which they had no control,
and which they would still be forced
to  '.urn oyer to  the not   over-tender
are as
with working people. They skin
them as neatly In the matter of
wages as do the big ones. To hear
them squeal when pinched out of
their floecings by the big ones of the
Standard Oil type, hath a not unpleasant, sound to the tympanum
trained to understand the reason of
the  squeal.
The Kansas legislature out of sympathy for their lugubrious waitings
now comes to the rescue with a bill
providing for the establishment by
the state of "an oil refinery of 1000
barrels per day capacity, to be op-
orated by convict labor." Whether
'he bill provides for a half-inch pipe
line to go with it or not, is not
stated, but it should be done, otherwise the "cockroaches" will still be
at the mercy of the masters of transportation, both by pipe line and
rail. Perchance they are going to
transport their oil by hand, in which
case n neck-yoke and couple of buckets could be used insteud of a half-
inch; pipe. It would answer about
as well and be in closer conformity
with the proposed refinery as to capacity,
The dull monotony of life must be
delightfully broken for the Standard
Oil people by an occasional opportunity ol putting little "cockroaches" nnd their potty schemes
out of business.
One Kansas paper,  tho Topeka Capital, supports the proposition of the
state  building  a  refinery  and  enter-
iing into competition with the Stan-
mwcies  of  the labor market.     They I dnrd.  aud alludes to the step
^^^^^^^^^ I to resort^^^^^
tnlity, once their property rights are
threatened, than the Russian aristocrats. That others may not be deluded into so believing, Mr. Hind-
man aptly says •
But Croat Britain? Here, surely,
nothing can come! Sir John G01 st
says everything can be gained
through the ballot box, therefore
bloodshed is impossible. That
sounds very reassuring. Hut I belong to the same class as Sir John
Gorst. I know its history and its
members just as well as he does, and
I do not believe a bit of it. The
governing classes of this country,
when once scared about their precious properly, will be just as cowardly nnd just as butcherly as thr
Czar himself. Of that I feel quite
certain however the votes may go.
They have not had the slightest
cause for fear during two whole generations. Remember that. For just
sixty years the workers of Great
Britain have been nothing more than
sheep for the shearer, bleating out
lower miVldle-class ideas in perfect
peace.    They were content to remain
II this  slate of life—as comfortably
sweated   wage enrners—into which   it
had   "pleased     God   to   call  them,"
and their own apathy to keep them.
Whv.   then,  should  the dominant minority   slaughter   them?     There   was
no need for it.    Vet, even so, wherever   there   was   'he  slightest   movement   among   <he     people     in  Great
Britain    whether   north   or   south   of
tho  Tweed,   troops  have  been  called
out  and  wholesale  murder has  been
throat(*ned,   Asquith   showing   to actual   demonstration   at   Featherstone
♦ hat  lawyers,  now  as ever  throughout   their   history,   are  delighted   to
lead in the massacre of the men who
keep them.    All tho lime. too. in Ireland   we have had standing evidence
that, force in the opinion of our rulers  is the best of possible remedies.
Now, does   anv   one honestly believe
thnt   if   our     Socialist    propaganda
continues to e-nin ground among the
mass of our follow citizens as  it  is
today,  and, after this lonsr period of
somnolence.   Kntrlnnd   at   last   wnkos
up,   our  bonr«rooislo  will   hesitate to
not   as   it   did   from   1835   to   1842?
"You   Fnn-lish.   like   the   Romans   in
minv fhinirs,  are most   like thorn  in
icnornneo of vonr own hisory."   pe-
nond   upon     't    should   the  worNne-
rblHson of Ihis island act on to their
economic   development   and   politicnl
onoortiinl'ios.     thai     historv   would
irfvo ns the Indisputable criterion 0/
•■liildle-el.iss   mnimimltv   nnd   philnn-
f hrnriv.
Therefore, whilst wo should lo>-o no
ehnnce   of   mnl'lno-   tbe   most   of   the
nowors   our   fathers   obtained   for  ue
In   n   peaceful   nnd   ordorlv    fashion,
as   a'do not let us lie un.-Vr any delusion
measures  are
into   parliaments   by   dele- | IMS ft A 1*0   ln2lsTI97I^Pl
gations    of  working-class  represeiita- ' IWIIIICI O   If ICIUUa«!si«l
tivos    numerically   strong enough   to I
push them to a conclusion.
The Vancouver Chop House
36* Water St.  (Basement)
For tho Best and Cheapest Meals in
the   City.     One   visit   assures us your trade.
Meals   16c.   and   up.     Tickets  |3. K).
CHAKI/KY  NEP,   Prop.
Open   Day  and  Night.
Published Weakly by the
Welfare retention 01 Miners
A  Vigorous Advocate of I.abor'j
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.        Six Months,
Denver,  Colorado.
«    tho selection   of   the   Tobscc
that we use in our Cigars w.'i-s-i
ercise   the   greatest    care,    only j
buying   the  very    best    Tobartl
that  is grown.     Our
Kurtz's Ovvn        fll
Kurtz's Pioneers y|Mf!
Spanish Blossoms
Aretmado of the very best clear lima-
na Fillers and Sumatra Wrapper!
und ure mud,. „.v export   Union work-
United Hatters of North America
ih-l?"" y°U.mn buv,n,f • FUll HAT a.-. 10 II that
th. OMuln. Union Label (. a«w«d In It. If .. wtalW
has com labels in hla poaaewion and oltura to I""
1.1I1    . '°r •VOU' d0 not Patronize   him I «"-
1V1 . J*t " •■to^e• •"*■ counterfeits. Th» tenuis*
Union Label |. ,»rforated on four edge*, exactly tb.
aama aa a poMtaire eian.p.     Counterfeits     ere      some
time* perforate,! on  thr,* edK.s> ,nd eon... 1 - only
on two. John B. stetson Co.. or Philadelphia I" •
non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOFK1TT..President, Or.„8»   N. .1
MARTIN    LAWLOIt.    Secretary.    H   W averlv     I'tnca
New York,
a?vdopm^rwm1omi^-T^\*".ean," onr «oaomlc and social
that a ■ohTtton of'our' Sd^'Sfii".8 'IV* ev.euto the dn"c"t mi,"d
rfnetrialcc-operatfin   But«« »J^^ob■,cmJ, '■ P«"'o'« only by In-
until the minomn™ *i1«n \Vf !Je to look on Paasivdy mid wait
reaaonedlt put all b, l^!f?Do,d/«Di"c, than ?.?* own. nua at last
eoouerrAnd we w II >et?ne»l£ »hin,y "ot-We want to g-rt thcrf
•nd educate the man wholl »f m 5' ne.ar fJ*tnrc lf we •»* to work
thing, wlllimaiehlm^ie0tJ,nLiSroplng iJxthe durk- We k,!.<!w
to eiVlt now. Therefore o«VSi"ol?e ***' bnt we wttnt ^m
tion. Todogoofl^w"0B"lJl^;«*P'1opojt«jida and oKita-
B-aada materlalcaVw-HiiJ A5e ed «ood tool.. Meet your prona-
....... w«W tried aanieaaartli&Sn&t?! W,M ,ee «•«*<*• Two books
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d "rnuoTrfi'Ui'JfJ?4**'«•  "nH .Un/ato^iSP^"' rnt" ,or "Tbe Comrade
COMRADE CO-OPERATIVE COMPANV  ii n   h rm'J w"K"n «" thc
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March 4, 190S
'age-Labor and Capital
■increase of capital is attend* il
increase    in    the  ninouot    of
labor   and   in   the  number    01
laborers;   or,   ill   other   words,
amiiiion  of tupital   is     spread
large number  i.f individuals.
Ito  give   the    most    fortunate
[possible,  with the increase of
ptive capital  there   i.s   an    in-
in the demand for labor. And
ages—the price  of labor   will
juse may be large or small,
|s long as the surrounding
are equally smalt, it satisfies
rial expectations as a dwelling
But let a palace arise by the
[if this small house, and it
from a house into a hut.
■nullncss of the house now gives
pe tindi.'i stood thnt its occupant
|tber very small pretensions or
It all; and however high it may
[up with the progress of civili-
if the neighboring palace
up also in the same or in
proportion, the occupant-of
pmpurtitivcly small house will
find himself more uncomfort-
liliore din on tinted, more con
ui hi n his four walls.
loin hie advance in the amount
>s H'flges brings about a rapid
of productive capital. The
[increase of productive capital
forth just as rapid an increase
ilth, luxury, social wants, and
[comforts. Therefore, although
Imi'orts of tho laborer have ris-
social satisfaction which they
Has fallen in comparison with
augmented comforts of the cap-
which are unattainable for
Iborcr, and in comparison with
pneiiil development of comforts,
rants and their satisfaction
their origin in society; we
pro measure them in their reln-
|o society, and not in relation
objects which satisfy them,
their nature is social, it is
■pro relative.
i tile, then, wages are not dolled merely by the amount of
ndities for which they may be
Jlged. They depend upon variolations.
the  laborer  immediately  re-
for his labor is a certain ani-
|>f money.    Are wages determin-
rely bv this money price ?
lh.-  sixteenth  century  the  gold
liver   in   circulation   in   Kurope
pigmented  in consequence of the
fcer.v  of  America.     The value ol
and   silver   fell,     therefore,    in
Oriuui    to    oilier    commodities,
borers received for I heir labor
Hfifnic  amounl   of  silver coin    us
The money price of their la-
piiKinii'il 'he Mime, and yet thei.
had      fallen      for      in      ox-
for    tin-    sumo    amount    of
th.-y   obtained  a   smaller  tpinn-
kf other commodities.   This was
ii  the circumstances which fur-
ll   the   increase   of     capital   and
liso  of  tho  bourgeoisie in    tho
|nth century,
us   take  another  rase,     in  the
of   1HI7,  in consequence of n
of crops, there «as an impor-
ini'reaso in the price of the in-
fisubie    moans   of   subsistence—
meat,   butler,  cheese, etc.     We
■suppose   that   tho   laborers   still
rod  the same amount   of  money
|eti   labor as before.     Had not
wages  fallen  thou?    Of course
[had.     For the same amount  of
|.v 'hiy received in exchange loss
meal-,   etc.;   and   their   wages
fallen,  not because the value ol
had   diminished,   but   because
value of the moans of subsistence
us linnlly suppose that the mo-
firice ol labor remains the same
in consequence of  the employ-
of  new  machinery,  or on ae-
It  of a good season,  or for some
|nr reason, there is n fall  in the
i'  all  agricultural  ami  manu-
^red goods.    For the same amo-
lof  money  the laborers can now
I more  commodities  of  all  kinds.
wages    have    therefore    risen,
because   their  money  price  has
money price of labor, tho noil amount of wages, does not
eforo fall together with the real
ps, thnt is. with the amount of
noddies that may practically be
)in<»d in exchange for the wages,
lefore, if we speak of the rise
[fall of wages, tho money price of
Ir or the nominal wage Is not
lonl.V thing which we must keep
it  noil her   the    nominal   wages.
is    the   amount   of  money   for
ill the laborer sells binisi'i to the
^lo.voi,   nor  yet   the   real   wages,
is,   the amount   of commodities
th   he  can   buy   for   this    money,
>ust  tho relations which art* roin-
liendcd in the term wages,
pr   the   meaning   of the word is
rly determined by Its relation to
gain or profit of the employer-
Is a proportionate nnd relative ex-
flu- real wage expresses the price
] labor in relation to tho pries of
jW commodities; tho relative wage,
the contrary expresses the price
Mho direct Itthor in relation to
It of stored-up labor, the relative
lue of wnge-labor and capital, the
pportionate value of capitalist and
|L'al  wages may remain tho same,
they may rise, nnd yet  the roTB-
ta wages may  none the less   have
en     Let us assume,  for example,
»t   tho  price  of  all   the  means  of
Mstoneo hns fallen by two-thirds,
kilo n day's wages have only fallen
je-thlrd. as for instance, from three
pilings  to  two,     Although  tho la*
'or has a larger amount of coin-
Ddilios at his disposal for two shil-
ll*s  than  ho had  before  for  throe,
his wages are nevertheless dimi-
phed in  proportion  to the capital's gain.     Tho capitalist's profit—
manufacturer's for instonce—has
'■n augmented by  a shilling,   since|
for the smallei sum of exchange va-
'ue which h ■ pays to the laborer, the
laborer has to pruuiice a larger sum
of exchange value than he did before.
The value of capital is raised in proportion to the value of labor. The
division of social wealth between
capital and labor hus become more
disproportionate. The capitalist
commands a larger amount of labor
with the same amount of capital.
The power of the capitalist class
over the laboring class is increased;
tho social position of the laborer
has deteriorated, and is depressed
another degree below that of the
What then is the general law which
determines tho rise und fall of wages
and profit in their reciprocal relation ?
They stand in inverse proportion
to one another. Capital's exchange
value, pvotit, rises in the same proportion in which the exchange value
of labor, wages, sinks; and conversely. The rise in profit is exactly
measured by the full in wages, and
tho fall in profit by the rise in
The objection may perhaps be made
that the capitalist may have gained
a profit by advantageous exchange
of his products with other capitalists or by the rise in the demand
for his goods whether in consequence
of the opening of new markets, or
of a greater demand in the old markets; that the profit of the capitalist
may tlius increase by moans of overreaching another capitalist, independently of the rise and fall of
wages and the exchange value of
labor; or that the prolit of the capitalist may also rise through un improvement in the implements of labor, u new application of natural
forces, and so on.
Hut it must nevertheless be admitted that the result remains the same
although it is brought about in a
different way. The capitalist has
acquired u larger amount of exchange value with the same amount
of labor, without having had to pay
a higher price lor the labor on that
account; that is to suy, a lower
price has been paid for the labor in
proportion to the net prolit which ii
yields to tho capitalist.
llesides. we must remember that in
spite of the fluctuations in the price
of commodities, the average price oi
each commodity—the proportion in
which it exchanges for other commodities—is determined by its cost of
production.' The overreaching and
tricks thnt go on within the capitalist   Class   therefore   necessarily   cancel
one otaother.' improvements in machinery and new applications of natural forces to the service of production enable them to turn out in a
given time with tho same amount ol
labjr and capital a larger amount ol
products, but by no means a larger
quantity of rxchango value. If by
tho application of the spinning jinny
1 con turn out twice as much thread
in an hour as I could before its invention: for instance, a hundred
pounds instead of fifty, that is because the cost of production has been
halved, or because at the same cost
1 can turn out double the amount of
Finally, in whatsoever proportion
the capitalist classes—the bourgeoisie—whether of one country or of the
market of the whole world—share
among themselves the net products
of production, tae total amount ol
those net profits always consists
merely of the amount, by which, taking all in all, direct I a bay has been
Increased by means of stored-up la-,
bor The sum total increases, therefore in the proportion in which profit rises as compared with wages.
Thus we see that even if we confine
ourselves to the relation between
capital and wage-labor, the interests
of capital are in direct antagonism
to the intorests of wage-labor.
A rapid increase in capital is equal
to a rapid increase of profits. Profits can only make a rapid increase
If the exchange value of labor—the
relative wage—makes an equally rapid decline.
Tne relative wage may decline, although  the actual   wage rises along
with   the nominal   wage,   or    money
price  of  labor;   if  only  it  does  not
rise in the same proportion as profit.
For instance,  if when trndo is good,
wage* rise five per cent., and profits
on   the other hand  thirty per cent.,
then   the    proportional    or    relative
wage has not Increased, but declined.
Thus if tho receipts of the laborer
Increased with  the rapid advance of
cupitnl. yet at the same time there
is a widening of the social gulf whieh
separates the laborer from the capitalist,   and  also an   increase  in    the
power of capital over labor and   in
the dependence of labor upoh capital.
The moaning of the statement that
the   laborer   has  an   interest   in   the
rapid   increase' of  capital   is   merely
this:  the faste:  the laborer increases
his   master's  dominion,     the , richer
will  be the crumbs that he will get
from his table; and the greater   the
number of laborers that can be employed and called into existence, the
greater will Tie the number of slaves
of which capital will be the owner.
We have thus soon that even the
most fortunate event, for the working class, the speediest possible increase of capital, however much it
may improve tho material condition
of the laborer, cannot abolish the
opposition between his interests and
those of tho bourgeoisie or capitalist
class. Profit and wanes remain just
as much as over In inverse proportion.
When capital i.s increasing fast,
wages may rise, but the profit of
capital will rise much faster. The
actual position of the laborer hns
improved, but it is at the.expense of
his social position. The social gulf
which separates him from the capi.
talis! has widened.
Finally,   the  meaning  of  fortunate
conditions for wage-labor, and of tbe
quickest possible increase of productive capital, is merely this: The faster the working classes enlarge and
extend the hostile pojver that dominates over them, the better will be
the conditions under which they will
be allowed to labor for the
further Increase of bourgeois
dominion and for the wider
extension of the power of capital,
and thus contentedly forge for themselves the golden chains by which
the bourgeoisie drags them in its
Rut are the increase of productive
capital and the rise of wages so in-
dissolubly connected as the bourgeois
economists assert? We ran hardly
believe that the falter capital becomes the more will its slave be
pampered. The bourgeoisie is too
much enlightened, and keeps its accounts much too carefully, to care
for that privilege of the feudal nobility, tbe ostentation ol splendor
in its retinue. The very conditions
of bourgeois existence compel it to
keep careful  accounts.
(Concluded next week.)
We, the Socialist Par;
in conventi n a serjiblec'
allegiance to and sij
of Canada,
affirm ou-
port of the priii-
f      the international revijntioriary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should ;uctly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present oCuiicmic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
To the Editor of Western Clarion:
As 1 am Just now trying to peddle
my labor power and there are few
buyers, I have plenty of time on my
hands and to spare. In order to
spend it to at least some advantage I occasionally go over to the
Provincial bear garden or wind factory, which ever you please, to see
what is going on and how the Socialist members fare within its precincts. Presuming some of your
readers would like to know whether
the growling of tho bears would
prove fierce enough to frighten the
Socialist members up a tree, or the
wind be so strong as to cause them
to depart from their course or go on
their "beam ends," I will endeavor
to chronicle some of the happenings
there as well ns my memory will permit.
On Tuesday, February 21, Haw
thornthwaite's amendment to tho
Coal Minos Regulation Act providing
penalties for its infringement was on
the boards. The way it excited the
bears and set the wind to blowing
was great. It was as interesting as
H dog fight on the village green for
u while, and I came to the conclusion that wore it not for the Socialist members the garden or factory
would be as devoid of life as a
morgue. The two members had letters and telegrams from "boards of
trade' and other parts and parcels
of the labor skinning fraternity from
all over the country, objecting to
the amendment. Dunsmuir telegraphed thnt ho would close his
mines if it passed, and Manager
Stocked of tho Western Fuel Co.,
and others were on the ground to
lobby against it Hawthornthwaite
said that while tho Nanaimo mines
under the old management had been
operated practically upon the basis
of an eight-hour day, changes had
boon introduced by the present smart
American company with a view to
squozing more profits out of the men.
The Northumberland miners worked
but 7J hours from bank to bank,
,ind those of Devonshire but 7, and
yet the industry had not lieon ruined.
When tho Workmen's Compensation
Act was introduced it was threatened that all great works would shut
flown, which had hot resulted. The
factory Acta of Great Britain had
not interfered with production to
any noticible extent. That this was
not a Socialist measure as it in no
way represented the Socialist de
mnnds. It was a measure of the
trades unionist-
Mr. Mcinnes expressed great sympathy for the "workingman." It was
easier for him to say "workingman"
than Ralph Smith workingman. He
thumped the table, looked wise and
fierce, talked loud and long, and
as usual said nothing—an occupation
at which ho has no equal in the
House. He thought there was already too much legislation, with
which I quite agree. If he and his
ilk would sit still on their seats,
draw their salary and do nothing
else, less legislative damage would
be done. Resides this, a much better opinion of their talents and abi.
lilies as statesmen would be recorded upon the annals of time to be
read by posterity.
John Oliver, somehow or other,
got hold of a platform of the Socialist Party of Hiitish Columbia and
was horrified to learn that the workers actually proposed to as soon as
possible luy claim to the wealth they
produce. Hawthornthwaite raised a
point-of order, claiming that Oliver
was not only talking of something
that was not before tho House, but
of something of which he possessed
no knowledge, as well. Ho did not
so strongly object to Oliver knowing
nothing of Socialism, as he did to
his using the time of the House to
prove it.
Parker Williams contended that
the Socialists at this stage of the
game could nor would not introduce
Socialist legislation into tho House.
but must content themselves with a
campaign of education. When the
people of the province became converted to Socialism the work of government would bo altered to that.
Until that time the Socialists had
to adapt themselves to present conditions.
When reference was made to the intense anxiety of the Liberals to get
next to the treasury benches, even
if it wore necessary to form any old
sort of a coalition to do so, a merry
row ensued in whieh Oliver, honest
John Oliver, member for Delta, cumo
iu for some hard knocks at Haw-
thornthwaite's hands. I have quite
an admiration for the Conservatives.
They are working for their class and
do not deny it. But the Liberals
are tho most pitiful aggregation of
pretended friends of Labor I over
saw. T do not know whether to dub
them "wolves in sheep's clothing" or
"asses in lion's skins."
It needs but a half-dozen more
class - conscious members elected
elorg with Hawthornthwaite and
WMiams to so shake the dry bones
~  Our   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
Victoria General Agent for The
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Importers and Dealers In
Hams, Bacon, Butter, Eggi, Vogttablu
Telephone 80S        VICTORIA, I. C.
Mail   Orders    I'romptly   Attended  To.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in t
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class straggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, 11 capitalist property in
the means ol wealth production (natural resources, factories, anil's, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organisation and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
a> possible, of production for use instead of production for prcifit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, .make the
answer to this question its' guiding
itile of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will (
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands in such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
of capitalist politics as to dayelop
the mild growling 01 the boars Into
a dn.foiling roar, and the gentle
sough of the wind .into a howling
go.-. I hope to see not loss than
that number returned to the House
at Hui next election.
Although things were lively ou
j'l.osiiny, they were oven more so on
wecnisday, when the Bight-Hour
Smelter Hill was up for discussion.
All of Ihe members worn in their
pla'.'S and the gallery wns well Hilled 1 have heard Hawt liornthwaite
of: m, but on this occasion be fairly
outdid himself. When bo sat down
the applause was great, and long-
CtMti.Civd all over Ihe House. S'0
piviu-iiti' •■■ I W" lis n the god lory
that the speaker wns forced to
llin-fto.i to have it, cleared if it Wore
nrt stopped.
Let   tho good   work  go   on.    All
hail to our Socialist members!
Yours fraternally,
A. Spectator.
Victoria,  H.   C.  Fob.   23,   1905.
Ail Tbe Working Men
Clothing Male tl Order.
Fit Gnaristetd.
27 Store Street Victoria, I. G.
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Tomato Bracer
Clam Cocktails
K. P. C. Wini
Maaatacfarar at
116 Q CI-AR
i to. • Cantos St.
COMRADES,        strike at th. ballot
linx  011   Election  day,  and  b.  sure
to strike the
Rock Bay Hotel
Whan la Victoria.
ARNASON BROS., Proprietor,
Colonial Bakery
29 Johnson  St.,  Victoria,  B.C.
Delivered  to any  part of the city.   Art
Driver   to   call.     'l'hon.  840.
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("hattrl slavery was only a perfected stage of cannibalism, just us
wat,'!.' slavery represents a perfect**!
stage of chattel  slavery,   it is   the
old stun nf the hen furnishing go!-
den ",ur'.rs over again. Il is more
economical nnd refined to eat up
other    people's   muscles,   bones,   sin
ews liloiiil anil marrow incorporated in human labor, thun to eat flesh
in the literal meaning of the word.
—Tsaclor Ladoft.
And now comes the (loldfields Iji-
bor Cpiincll, of West Australia, with
a resolution favoring a six-hour
working day. If this thing continues
long enough the workers, juwt liso
the capitalists, won't work at all.
This tendency to reduce everyho.ly
10 a "dead level'" is deplorable indeed.
Strike at  the ballot  box on election day but be sure to strike the
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nny day you are hungry. .lust
around the corner from the Socialist headquarters.
225 Abbott Stmt
A Few Poors North of Cordova St.
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f.i the Editor of Western Clarion:
<)n Sunday, Feb.  12,  the Rev. il
ill. West, pastor of the Jackson a»'e-
»•'!#   avenue   Baptist church of th: i
i :ty preached a sermon on what he
I   i.tiled the "Truth and Error of ei>
i uilism."    His sermon was a warn-
ig to beware of false prophets, aud
may be summed up as follows:
If a reform involves  the elements
f anti-christ it should  be reject-d.
Labor is the chief factor in the pro-
• •uction of wealth. The Socialist is
a prophet of the age, who stands
Mr the dignity of labor and who
.ills attention to child labor in factories and mines; long hours of toil:
•Me unsanitary condition of workshops; to ignorance, crime, poverty
i'mI all other social wrongs that
!ika the cankerworra are eating at
the vitals ot  society,    and   all    of
ihich follow in the wake of injust
•■•e.   We must admit the truthfulness
' •' those charges against present so-
^ilety, a truism   too self-evident to
.'•Kfuire any argument or domonstra-
. ion.   All of the great characters in
•he, Bible   came     from the humble
.walks of life and Jealously guarded
•lie rights of labor.   By their agitation they freed the musses who were
.he industrial slaves of  the money
landing noblemen and rulers.
Paul was a great character who
said, "if any man will not work,
inither let  him  eat,"   ami who  <lo-
• tared that "money is the root ol
all evil," nnd in my opinion such a
s'atement is only too true. 1 have
'itore sympathy with tho Socialist
who contends for the dignity of U-
i or than he who contends for its enslavement and degradation. All
■ hristlnns must subscribe to this
noble conception of truth, "peace on
earth,   good    will to men."     Thev
net take the sword shall perish
with the sword. The dream of 'he
-tdidarity of the human race und^r
h universal banner of peace has
Hinted the minds of priests, prophets and seers for thousands of
iy ears.   The Socialists now proclaim
this from tho house tops of modem
civilization. Rut the error of So
< ialism is its materialistic conception of history. It seeks to account
Mr the ills of life from the influences
•>t unfavorable environments, which
r-o doubt' hns much to do with the
•lestiny of man. Rut such unfavoi
utile environment is caused by mun
being a law breaker, for which d.s-
• il.edienco he was sin cursed, and
thrust out from Eden, away from
I'aradiac and (lod. Thnt he is now
dissatisfied is evidence that he is
'Hiking for something that is lost
nnd that there is a desire in his
heart to get back to Eden. I fail to
imd in the literature of the Social
ts! propaganda a clear and definite
recognition of the bible as the wor.l
of Ood. This is a mistake and savors of atheism. Those who h-xvi
founded philanthropic societies took
..uch truths from the bible.
Where tho bible has the fullest circulation socialism has the gioate.it
"iviponse. No one looks to India,
China or Turkey, for the evangel of
lubor, but to such countries as Germany, England, New Zealand and
tin United States. Socialists make
n mistake by ignoring or rejecting
the book that is regarded by Christ-
inns as Ood's revelation to mankind.
Millions   of    people    would identify
• rvmeelves with Socialism If .he
Socialists would but acknowledge
•'hrist aa the God-sent emancipator
of the race. Lack of such acknowledgment caused the failure of   the
Varis  Commune    of  1871.    1   part
• ompany  with  all  enterprises  that
fall  vo    acknowledge  the  Isaiah   of
• '«kI who alone can remit the sin of
iite world."
'"That the "Province." a capitalist
•'iilly. should devote about two ..mi
a half columns to Mr. West's sermon
I* in itself evidence that it contains
..othing that would be of benefit to
i'te wage slaves of capitalism. In-
lined, there is nothing new in Mr.
'Vest's sermon. It is' very much I'ke
•xbn* •iiuolly comes from tha,l particular frut 'rnity.
That Mr.  Vest should admit thut
* inor ia the chief factor in the pr>
miction of wealth, and that Social-
i-on stands for the dignity of labor
-•rid then    to declare he must part
• nmpany with it simply because   it
■'<• s not conform itself to his partic-
ilsr roligion, is proof of his loyally
to his profession.
Mr. West's chief objection to So-
•Ialism is its "materialistic concep-
. bin of history." As Ferrl aavs,
"Socialism is, in its fundamental
•-•inception, only the logical application  of the scientific  theory  of r-n-
I Burns & Co.
Second Hand Dealers. |
and cheapest stock of
t Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom Chains, Augers, Loggers' \
Jacket*, etc.
Must reduce stock in neat sixty
Remember the place
101 Piwell Street
| hmn isie     vatcMv.f, s. b. ; :
mtsstmfBm MsteacMi
Marcb 4
tural evolution, to economic phenomena." Engeis says: "'llu' nan
terialistic conception of history
starts from the proposition that I ho
production of wealth, and next to
production, the exchange of the
things produced, ure the basis of "il
social structure, and of every society
in history. 'Ihe manner in w h "
wealth is produced, and society divided into classes, depends upon
what is produced, anil how such produce ia exchanged. From this point
of view tho causes of all social
changes are lo bo sought, not in
man's mind or his insight into eternal truths and justice, but in the
mode of production and exchange ol
each different epoch. The means
whereby the people supply their n't-
tural wants, are known as the economic or Industrial institutions, i.nd
are the luisis of all other institutions. In other words the economic
institutions of any given time curry
with them natural economic la'.vs
that ure tho chief factors in dot .'.•-
mining man's action mid in shaping
or forming the moral, religious, educational, political and all other social institutions of that time. This
conception of history shows us that
at an early social stage, when jut
little progress has been made :n
agriculture-, and sufficient food is ->l>-
tained with difficulty, the people ure
cannibals, I inter on when agriculture is nior'; highly developed diid
the individual can produce more
than will sustain himself, the victors of war, Ihe most cunning, put
their captives to work as slaves.
Cannibalism then became immoral
and illegal: slavery both moral und
legal. From that time to the present slavery has existed in some
form, the di'ierent forms merely conforming to the different modes of
production and exchange. Slavery in
any form simply means that .lie
master owns or controls the means
whereby the slave must live. It
then follows that the political institutions of any given time are the
political expression of the econot,-i'^
interests of the ruling or master
class of thut time. 'iVe educational
institutions of any given time mo
the educational expression of '..ie
economic interest of the ruling or
master class of thut time. The/religious Institutions of , any given
time are likewise the religious expression of the economic interest of
the ruling or master class of that
time, and to be of more benefit to
the ruling class than any other of
its social organi ations. True for
Mr. West, "the minds of priests,
prophets and seers have been always
haunted by dreams of peace," I ut.
what kind of peace? Why! the peace
of  a   submissive  nnd  docile  slaver/.
Mr. West, tells us that the anclant
prophets ward t he cause of labor being emancipated. Yes; from one form
of slavery to some other, more in
keeping with the advanced means of
production and exchange. The government, or political institution is
the most useful of all to the master
class at the present time, except in
Italy, Belgium and such countries,
where the chiych is still the dominant political power and therefore
controls  the government.
In the days of Christ's agit.ntijn
lie wns a carpenter out of work.
With some of his half brothers, their
cousin John tho Baptist, and a f--w
more of the down-trodden, he viv.s
currying on an agitation against
the ruling class. The religious ii'.s'i-
t ut ions of the ruling class of that
time beheaded John and crucified
Christ. This caused the working
slaves of those parts who knew them
to resolve to carry out the wishes
of their martyred brothers. It is
natural to expect thut this agitation
was more or less tinctured with religion of some kind, and those who
continued to carry it on no doubt
kept adding the religious taint to
When Rome had conquered the then
known world in order to rule it. it
became necessary to have one uniform religion. By this time the agitation started by Christ and John
had many followers among the
down-trodden masses. The cunning
priests prophets and seers got thei'
heads together, drew the "red heeling" across the trail of this work-
ing class agitation, modified it to
suit their purpose, and adopted it as
the national religion. They compiled the old and new testament, including many books Ihat have sit.-c
been thrown out, by the Protestants. This compiling of the bible
occurred .'I0.r> years after Christ's
death, and tho Roman Catholic
Church held a monopoly as the o.-lv
Christian church until tne Protestant reformation early in ?he fifteenth  century.
The Reformation was the religious
expression of a new economic class
which had developed within tho
feudal system. This wus the pie-
sent capitalist class in its Infancy,
Its economic ideas were incompatible with those of feudalism. The
stronghold of feudalism was the
Catholic Church. In spite of internal wars it had all of Catholic Western KUrope in otic huge political system, lt owned more than two-
thirdn of the soil of the Catholic
world, and was, therefore, the greatest Feudal  Lord  of  the system.
In order to successfully attack
feudalism It was necessary for the
rising bourgeoisie to take on a religious disguise and attack this its
sacred centre, the Catholic Church.
This- was done and Martin Luther
became the first spokesman of the religious expression of the new economic class. Ihe Bourgeoisie. 1 quote
one of his sayings, "No mercy, no
toleration is due to the peasants,
On them should fall the wrath of
Ood nnd man—they should be treated ns mad dogs." Again 1 say, religion of any kind i.s but an expression of the economic interests of the
ruling class.
During the civil wnr in the United
States, and while the agitation lending up to it was going on, the clergy
of the South prenched lengthy sermons, and quoted freely both the
old and new testaments to show tha.
chattel slavery was a Divine institution, while the clergy of the North
stood but for freedom (wage slavery)
as chattel slavery was too expensive
for tho northern manufacturers,
In the same issue of tho "Province that gives so much space to
Mr, West's sermon, I find the following:
Requiem Mass Being Said for tho
Soul  of   Seigius.
Moscow, Feb. 18.—The bells of
Moscow's five hundred churches nre
tolling today, requiem masses arc
being celebrated, and before many
shrines priests are constantly chanting prayers for Ihe repose of th»>
soul of murdered Grand liuke Ser-
gius. flis remains still rest in the
Choudofa Monastery, whither they
were  removed yesterday.
Let it be remembered thut Grand
Duke Sergius had murdered bis thousands. Only a couple of weeks since
innocent, well-moaning, unarmed, unpolitical religious working men, women and children, praying to God
and carrying their religious ikons,
were brutally butchered in the
streets of Ht Petersburg, for no
other .offence than wanting to meet
the ruler of the country and cxpli'n
to him that (their condition had become unbearable. To use their own
words, "Stilled by destitution nnd
injustice, we are perishing." These
innocent, people who were killed did
not even got a decent burial. No
thousand church bells tolled; no requiem musses were said; there was
no chanting of prayers by many
priests before the shrines. Their
lender. Father Gopon, was immediately excommunicated from the
Many instances of a similar nature
might be cited, not in Russia alone,
but in every country under Christendom.
Like Mr. West the clergy of all denominations seek to pacify the poor
by reminding them that their poverty, degradation and suffering i.as
been caused by the eating of that
apple in Ihe garden of lOden. They
all say, "Peace on earth, good will
to men." was the motto of He who
came to emancipate the race, nnd
then they follow with, "the poor ye
shall always have with you." It is
easier for a camel," etc. Mr. West
is perfectly correct in saying that
many fake prophets have gone out
into tbe world. If he truly sees in
the discontent of the modern slave
a desire to return to Eden, it is
proof that Christian teaching has
not been wholly in vain. The slaves
evidently" believe that Adam tnd
Eve did not eat, nil the fruit.
Tie should not be disturbed necnuse
he does not find in Socialist literature any recognition of the "blhless
the Word of God," etc. Even the
professions of theological dogma
cannot agree upon these matters, us
the 1300 different denominations under the Christian religion testifies.
Tho Catholic Church asserts that
many books were inspired by Jehovah, that the Protestants have
thrown out as written by some
"worm of the dust" on his own account. Tt would be interesting to
know Jehovah's opinion of the Catholics if they were not inspired, or ff
the Protestants if they were. With
all of this confusion among the elect,
the Socialist "poor worm of 'he
dust." cannot reasonably he expected
to decide, but must, take chances u:i-
Best of Everything
In Gentlemen's
Yoy an Expected il Yon Wait the Bait
A purchase is not necessary when you
come here. This is a store where all are
free to come when they please, examine,
question aud admire, and go when they
Successors to the Palace Clothing House
III Careers Strait
til matters are decided by more competent authority.
Let tho reverend gentleman understand that the Socialist movement is
the movement of the workers,, both
Christian and-non-CJiristian, to break
the chains of bondage under which
they now are hold by the rulers of
the world, either Christian or non-
Box 321.
Vancouver, B.C., Feb. 21. 1405.
R. P. Pettipiece will be the s|>eak
er at the regular propaganda meeting in Sullivan Hall, Cordova street
on Sunday evening, March 5.
These meetings nre constantly
growing both rn interest and attendance, and are a no inconsiderable
factor in spreading Socialist ideas
umoiig   Vancouver's   working  people.
On Monday evening, March 6, Mrs.
Irene Smith of Tacoma, Washington,
will speak in the City Hall,- her services Having been secured through
the Provittoial Executive Committee
of the Socialist Party of Canada,
which has arranged a short tour for
the comrade taking in several points
on Vancouver island. Those who
heard Mrs. .Smith when here during
the last provincial campaign will re-
mtjinber her as an able and earnest
exponent of Socialist philosophy,
able to give a good account of herself Upon the public platform.
Every one is cordially invited
to attend the meeting. There
will be no charge for admission. A
collection  will b    taken  to assist in
defraying  expenses.
Do not forget the date. Monday
evening at City Hall. Doors open at
Depend upon it this rage for trade
will destroy itself. You and I will
not live to see it, but the time will
come when there will lie an end of
it. Trade is like gambling. If a
whole company are gamesters, play
must reuse, because there is nothing
It, be won. When all nations are
I traders there is nothing to lie gained
'by trade, nuil it will stop where it
has been brought to the highest perfection.—Dr. Johnson.
"Na Charge lor the Nana, tha Coat it all ia tha Glothei."
Most makers lay great stress on the name.    We devote our
attention to the Clothes.    We realize that when we "deliver the
goods" the name will take care of itself.
"Stilenfit" Ready-for-Service Suits, $12. and $15. upto$30.
Special line of Trousert for $ 3.00
Corner Granville and
Powell Street!
Samples and blank measurements sent on .application.
In accordance with resolution of
the Provincial Executive Committee,
1 beg to acknowledge the receipt of
passes from tho following companies:
B. C. Telephone Company;
B. C   Electric Railway Company:
Canadian Pacific Railway:
Kettle   Valley  Railway:
And that I propose using the some
as occasion demands.
Respectfully yours,
Parker Williams.
L«gislntivo Assembly. Victoria.
March  1,   19(15.
The Socialist party is the child of
the class struggle. It was bora of
the necessity of the working closs
and is the party of that class as
against the capitalist  class.
The labor question is essentially a
political   question.
The capitalist class rule because
they have control of government
The working class are preparing to
profit by their example. Numerically they are an overwhelming majority. They have simply to unite and
act together politically as a class to
put themseh-es in control of government and emancipate themselves
from  wage slavery.
E.  V.  DEBS
Mrs. Irene Smith
Monday, March 6
Admission Free.       Discussion and Questions.       Collection.
The Socialist vote for the Ontario
legislature polled in West Elgin on
J anuary 25 was 880 votes, the co n
didate being John Burton. In JW02
the vote was 423 for Gay lord Wil-
shire, who ran a spectacular campaign as a "millionaire" Socialist.
The "Moses" came and went and the
only pity is that the St. Thomas
Socialists cannot explain the decreased vote and are still looking lor
another "Moses" to lead them.
In Manitpulin the Socialist vote on
January 23 was 161 for S. Jackson
as against 241 in 1902 for John McMillan. There is no organized movement in Manitoulin and the movement is of a semi-Fabian Appeal to
Reason character. The chief thing
that can be said for Manitoulin—and
the same statement applies .to the
St. Thomas comrades in West Elgin
—is that there are an earnest burv;h
of men in each district who consider
themselves Socialists, are willing to
learn and willing to pay for the
teaching, and are sufficiently class-
conscious to put a candidate in the
field at. every opportunity and give
them their Votes. But in both districts the comrades are not sufficiently educated to see the necessity
of a dues-paying organization wuh
a pledge. There being no local in
good standing in the Socialist party
of Canada or the dormant Ontario
Socialist party In West Elgin or
Manitoulin, it is a dangerous- proceeding for tho cause for them to
nominate "Socialist" candidates.
Organization should always precede
political action—and a militant organization at, that.
Toronto local has instructed its re.
preventative on the Hoard of Education to oppose the proposition that
teachers and Janitors should be prevented from canvassing in municipal elections. Give them political
liberty even if they haven't sense
enough to'use it. A committee is
working with James Simpson, the
elected comrade, to aid him in steering a straight course along revolutionary  Socialist lines.
"They who. lie down with dogs, gel
up with fleas." When Uowpe.s sus
between iteimom and Easiey und
gets up with a headache, Uu iuuui
not blame |.he Socialists for it!—Ex.
—- o
In speaking of recent events relating to advancing the "caUbe of freedom in Russia," the New \ork Evening Mail plaintively wails that
"thai cause i» too sacred a thing to
profane with Nihilistic bombs." Certainly, certainly ! The American
brand used in the Philippines is
much  better.
1"K YOl* TIUNIvlSU of all thc
n tilings in tho house furnishing
goods line you would like to inn j|
you could spare the money.1 Why
bless your heart, it won't cost nm.
Iy what you think if you let nx ,su,k
ply the articles. Our KITl'llKx
FURNITURE is the most comply
in the pity, and there is nothing jg
I hose lines you in limit, find in <mr
store. And please remember thai
though our nrices are very low, our
goods are the kind that last n i,,,,,,
while and give satisfaction. %
don't, keep trash at any price,
McLactiian Bros., Ltd.
i3i Hastings st. west.
Socialism will uiuko boautiful living possible, it will eriublu puopl(
to live in health, culture and nappa
noss, as nature intituled they Should
An invcsliggtiim made by the me
tropolitan police ol i'Okyo, u&pun
SHOWS unit tile iic.uk ol plillUI. it
that city runge from u io l.i pel
nay, una ibe Wgu liom l.'l to :;'.< Sua
A ceil is cijuat to oui- imii cent i
American  nior.ey.
To Those  Who  Aro  Not  on   the <
\ outs'   i,ist.
An occasional ignorant ass or miserable tool, gets up on his hind legs
and howls that Socialism udvocatea
"free love." Even if it were true,
which it is not, it would be an improvement over the present system,
which makes of every human impui.vi
merely an ..article of merchandise
Love, under capitalism, is no exception to  this rule.
 1 o	
As a result of the silly attacks directed against it by the state of
Kansas, the Standard Oil Company
ordered the suspension of all its operations in that state. This com-
lielled the "crude oil producers" to
stop pumping oil and discharge their
help, ns the Standard owns all tho
pipe lines and refineries. These "producers" believe in the present system of property but squeal at ila
conseqUi nues. Their reasoning faculties are even more crude than their
At the request of Local \ un-'
oouver, s. r. of is. O'.j i huvc'
Oeeu uppoiiucil commissioner iu
taking aiiidavits in the Supreme ■
court, under tile Provincial Lie
tions Act, in tho Vancouver Lily '
Electoral District.
For    tho     accommodation     of '
those   who  have not  yet  placi-u '
their names upon the voters   Iim
1  will  be at  tbo Socialist  beud-
<iuariei-s.     1)13    Cambie    Blrw l,
room  1.  second floor,  each  woo
day between  tho hours of (i und
7 p. m.,  for the purpose; ol  ia«  '
mg affidavits to enable them to '
be placed upon the list..
* * » «
Capital is the most terribk
scourge of humanity, It fnt lens m
ihe misery of the poor, the degrade
tion of the worker and the brutalizing toil of his wife and children,
.lust as capital glows, so grows also pauperism, thai millstom- around
ihe nock of civilization, the r--\i>ltint
cruellies of our factory system. UN,
squalor of great cities, and tho pre*
ence of deep poverty seated hard tu
the gate of enormous wealth—Karl
For a Union Express
Call on Heywood Bros.
Telephone   1-3-54
IIS Cat-Java St Waal,
Vancouver. B. C.
Vancouver Co-Operative Association
532 Westminster Avenue
Positively the Best Bread in the City
Telephone 1734
C. N. Lee, Marager
A Union Shop and Endorsed by Every Union in Vancouver
Jo Ton Want the U i fcijij 1
We Sell th*  Very Bast In th* Way of Light at Trlren   that   cannot he llenteii
the Nernst Electric Lamp
la th* UU.it and grealMt boon offered  to the poblh- both for ch«a|ine*ii am'
• brilliancy.    Call and *eo iim about raten, etc.
B. C. Electric Railway Co.CWMr ^SXiT


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