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The Western Clarion Jul 7, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Snbseriptii.ii pni-e
Pas Vras
Sensible Suggestions and Pertinent Observations Relating to
Speakers, Writers and Other Active Participants in
tne Movement of the Proletariat Militant.
Ivlltor Western Clarion. Vancouver,
it. C:
l„„, Comrade.—In a recent issue of
iho western Clarion appeared » Toron-
t„ irtlcle signed -l- w- w- tapteeant-
,,„ ihe vl.-w from 0. VV- W-'** "tund-
|JO,n. ,,r comrade Jamee Simpson's »t-
.,.,,1, in Labor aad Socialist move-
„„.,,_     The   writer   Is   Ic-ss   Inlereatecl
vindication »t Comrade llmpaon,
,,r   ,   criticism   0*2   the  somewhat   pre -
, ,.,    ,,1'el-  »f O.   W.  W..  than   In
prttng  his oft-repented  stand upon
our     reprcacntatlvc-a  uml  coin-
.',.'■     *liull  live up to —  what constl-
.   | compromise.   Right here, bow*
ever, H niti)'  wc.l he sluteil  lhat Com-
r«de Simpson has not liken the pledge
,,t  ii,,    Labor  patty  nnd  their  Inslst-
,.,„,. upon h:s taking such  pledge will
his resignation  from     office In
lalH.1    union   circles,   alnt-i*.   avowedly.
the    Socialist   movement    Is   of   pare-
i importanoe   to comrade limp-
l,Im  that  trades  unionism  can
,1„   .bsolutely nothing for the working
,,,„ .1  be quite as  Idiotic  ns  lo
it   to be a panacea, and (0 find
lists ln  the unions, grappling  in
,   ,   ng,   fW  the   llttlee   that   mu>-   be
hi  from capitalism.      wllh  the
.!__ .Uisulllliailt-g «f Hs Inevitable ultimate futility as a permanent freedom
.     ;. iy   not   Bjrprlslng.   nor  can   U
untitled   a   compromise.        That
tru lea unions appoint officials who do
,     promise the working class Is In no
. nll.ulable  to  the   Socialist  un-
,-r   thai   thy   DOM   senseless
measures   and   Impose      compromising
.i.H-s nol   mean   thai   many  of
„ur , I .ss-conscious     Hoclallste ahould
1,- unions or lOM their jobs and
.    |-|..Ttunltles of snatching lhe pas-
-ii,  relets,  hut  thtt  we should  dls-
  in.- meaaorea and decline the
• -. (no unasua! or difficult teat
tho loosely managed trades union)
■haul the louder for Socialism. In
lhe mind of the writer, to tielong to
;■ union at ail, I« equally as compromls-
.,,,; it to hold any or various offl. es
therein the union membership pledge
i* equally aa t-.r from the edge of tho
«<-.ii(.-. i.ut   is Comrade Lett-
knee hi has pointed out, we cannot re-
(-,ir.|   ■   ,.m.-ssion  of  theory  lo   pmc-
.   positive  compromise,   since
from tins standpoint Boed-lla*-* would
, contlntWtM c^i'iipromlse. no ar-
;- in - nt ran-llar to every SoetaUst
■ paon critics In Toronto      aeons
nt    f being ambitious.   If this Ix- true
re t grievous fault, and from the
sin   I  should say  Ih1"  grievously
hath  Simpson  anawered It.    Dpon tare    Igatton,   however,    we    find    thai
Ceitnrade .Simpson haa taken the pledgs
..( Hi.   Socialist paity     anfi  I  should
.-       wllh   lllalchlord.   th.it   "If   T""
wish I., lose caste, to miss preferment
turn Socialist." Likewise, Is It sal.l
H paon hi popular." Shall we read
< man out of the party then for pop-
irttyt Then Bernard Shaw, Gene
Dibs, Knilc. Fcrrl. Kmlle Vnnder-
velde, Jack London nnd I'pto" Sinclair
r..tihwkh be renueated io re-
S. rlously these "anathemas'
nisy be partially attributed m Jealousy
in,-I partially to a belief by the uttcr-
- lhat they are the whole Socialist
i nvement and havo the <*orrcct and
only possible key to lhe solution <>f
•.-li nnd evory movement of lhe v"''*
tltn; and 1 predict that Its continuance
will mean a most aerious upheaval In
th- imtarin Soda 1st movement and an
■in--ii.ling bleach between those who
•li'iilii be comrades.
Quoting Kngeil's "Modern Socialism"
I* In .is isaanm. the direct product ol
iii.- recognition on thc one hand, of
Hi   .lass nntoKonlama existing In  the
* ty or to-dtiy  between  proprietors
mui non-proprietors, between capitalists and wage workers; on thc other
hand, of the anarchy existing In pro-
i'i Hon. Ilut lu Its theorellcal form
modern Socialism originally appears
ostensibly as a more logical extension
'■I Hi- principles laid down by the gre-at
French philosophers of the eighteenth
century." Quoting Lelbknecht, "Diversity of opinions on theorellcal points
Is never dangerous lo the parly." In
Us theoretical form Socialism entails
materialism, evolution, and to nn eg-
'•nt. Infidelity, but a great diversity
nf •■pinion exists upon these things,
,l»d has existed since the Inception of
Socialism, It would seem then that
I-elbtmeoht ls right; for Immediately
we strive to enforce a unanimity of
opinion upon the theoretical points
thorp arises a tromendous danger of
"PhcavalS and disruptions, but with
these "diversities of opinion" we hnve
l-ad In the party a comparative co-op-
11 'linn of endeavor.
Comrade Simpson is rebuked for not
'"■Ing a materialist, evolutionist nor
The predominant feature of, and the
'"""l necessary acquisition to the So-
' '""st, Is a thorough class-consclous-
"ess, his main work ls n preachment
"r the clnss struggle. If we havo a
"ufflclent number of "clnsa struggle"
mon, tho less Important "theorists"
w 11 naturally crop up and expound
sufficient science to carry along those
who nre capable of understanding It.
I't'nlotarlan bellies are generally loo
empty for science. As to religion, It
1n " subject the writer Invnrlnbly hesitates to discus*. Being a materlnl-
'***-• evolutionist, Iconoclaat and Infidel.
it ii impossible for ma to recommend
religion, Tha bait I can possibly say
of it. I believe it lo be ies reactionary
tiia/i ..ur public schools, that fewer
mlerepreeentattona e,r the true state
of boqtan aff.ilrs are hammered Into
the band! Of the rising ami risen gen-
eta tions fr. in the pulpit than the
»' l-'xti io,m. My experience with
iliuri lies Is, that as a bugaboo they
are rather exaggerated. I call to evidence 'he church Itself, wh'-rc there
is admittedly a preponderate dearth ol
young n en  with even  guts enough  to
preach a good bourgooise sermon
What 'wi-siii-- em- what a tremendous
hlndinii .- eottld a whole community of
Such Ignorant usee be to the Socialist
movementT   Th- socialist philosophy
COttld   not   filter   through      their  thick
skulls  In  fifty  generations.  Economic
iletermln sm lias ('ecl.li-d h-re In our
favor and kept the thick heads with
tin- enemy. Tru". to prove th.- rule
th.-r.- Is the exception, and the exception l« Invariably with us. Crying OUI
lhe .lass struggle In a mon- emphatic
way.   al   llrnc-s,   than   th"   materialists.
Rev. Charles Vail, and yeaca ago, iiev.
Mention   Tltuie   .(since-   come   into   the
full light of day), re.-iiia-e th.- potency
of BootgUam and are wielding mighty
blows,   i.et us welcome thetn.   To s...
elalUte, race, color, 8« X and c-rc-i-d are
all one. or ralher all t.othlng, so long
as Ihey take the pledge, vole right
and are class-, or,s lo is.    What  to me,
is Comrade Simpson's b-ii.f? My in-
teiest is in pretching cl—M-conaclous-
ness. Does ll ll-iterest S..c;ilist!e that
I'.m.rade 8lmp«on l-e a tmipn official,
ambitious, popolsr, i Kethodlat? <ir
does ii concern u* that he is a working man and CO—OdoUS of the struggle
■ >f his class with capitalism, and ready
and wiling to shout f..r "Socialism in
iis essence." standing in ih' face -.f
OOndlt ons with the whole Bodaliat
movement, in the vanguard <»f civilisation, dent—ng the way?
Yours In revolution,
Why llu* llirnicr I-. nl nl llu* Mercy <>r
tin- Machine-.
The one great dominant factor in
.hanging social relations In the la.-t
.eniury (s ihe Invention r..i development of machinery and its application
to Industry. The most pregnant fact
concerning this wonderful Change in
methods "f pn>durtlon. i.s the fact th.it
up to the present time machines have,
on lhe whole, added Utile or nothing
to the comfort and enjoyment of the
people who operate them.
When the sewing machine w.ts invented. It was hailed as B gr.-.it boon
to women to relieve them of the wearisome toll of the needle, yet no t Isas
of the exploited workers of ihis nge
are working under more distressing
and nnhenlthy eondlUona than the users of the-se name- machines. When the
"elf-blndcr was Invented it was hoped
ll would lighten the labor of the far-n.
ye; the farmer to-day works as hard
and lives no better than his grandfather who swung the cradle. Indeed,
It Is doubtful. If. on the whole the
f,inner now enjoys as much good solid
comfort as In those clays. And yet it
Is estimated that the productive power
of the modern fanner is at leasl nine
or ten times aa great as that of the
farmer Of n few genera tions ago. lf
the farmer Is not getting lhe benefit
of this Increased product, It seems a-
thought   ll   were  time  he  was  finding
out who is g.iting it. Expensive machinery is to-day a neoeealty if a farmer Is to compete with Ills neighbors
and every Improvement taken advantage of by one makes necessary the
same Improvement by others t
the competition,
ten Improved
• he added expense or Kei'l
when all have got-
mn.hln.ry they .ire on
let ins Of production as before
with the added expense- of keeping the
exploiters. For no one Is
more than the farmer. Over and above
the farmer Is the picking house and
refrigerator car that handles his meat.
vegetables nnd fruit, the grain elevator that handles his grain, the mill
lhat grinds It. the rail road and steamboat that carries his product anil brings
him into competition with farmers In
every part of the world - a" absolute-
necessary to his existence and all
people, then at last will these inventions b. a blessing to all the people and
give to all the people that culture nnd refinement that will be the
mark of a true civilization. J. Frank
Mable, in Montana News.
Professor Carv. r ln bis debate with
Wilshre sta'e 1 that f.irm products rue
not being monopolised. The professor
Is evidently not we I Informed, as the
foilwlng wil show. Not only Is the
middleman to le don- away with but
the fiirmc-r g to be re lucid to the position of a veiy thinly disguised wage-
■lave, "Backed by unlimited capital
and supported l.y many prominent
financiers of the country, an organization known as the American Farm
Product* Company his been eetablish-
ed for the purpoie of taking control
Of all dairy products, < hl.keiis and
eggs, it is saaerted by those at the
bind of the company that it will bring
about an in reised an 1 uniform price
to th consumers. The commission
merchants proftl will be eliminated
and the gieat corporation will take th"
responsibility of delivering butter and
milk from th.- hands of the farmer
to th.- bards of the consumer. At the
bead of the- concrrn are a score of the
wealthiest men in America, who have
already put in tiMhQM.000 and are prepare- I t., furnish additional millions as
tlu-y .-ir.- re-.|ulr-ci. Among Eastern
capitalists Interested in the truit are
Levi P. Morton, Thomas F. Ryan,
Harry Payne Whitney, Anthony Brady,
K. J. Berwifld, Kuhn. Loeb & Co., and
■eve a other large- banking bouses and
individual capitalists."
The American working plugs heart
should swell with patriotic ardor over
lhe latest fashlin In footwear set by
Mrs. Vanderbilt of New York's 400.
This hard-working wench recently appeared at a "fun tion" with her "rnud
hooks'' encased ln slippers with diamond studded heels. Although the
slippers were, in themselves, merely a
cheap t35 article, the judicious placing
of g>;,iO0 worth of diamonds ln the
heels made th-m at once both pleasing to the eye of the rubber neck, as
well as extremely comfortable and ser-
Viceal le to the wench herself. The
rpost satisfactory feature of it is that
the wench In question paid for the slippers diamonds and all. out of her own
hard earnings. This goes to show the
sple idid opportunities afforded In thc
"land of the free and the home of the
brave." It Is now up to the working
plug's old woman to demand diamonds
In h"r heels Whether she has a pair
of shoes to her feet or not; In fact, she
mus: have them now that the fashion
has been established in the land of
free !om  and equality.
Sam Compere' throat that the unions
would resort to political action In order to secure the passage of laws that
have been denied them by Congress is
about  to i.e- carried out  with a  venge-
". b   both   heartrending   and   cruel.
Sam and his hunch arc- busy advising
th.-lr lo lowing t., support candidates
thai are favorable and turn down
those unfavorable iu labor legislation.
This in wicked and positively bloodthirsty. But it s Just like Sam. He
always has been a tierce proposition,
-'■rid    like  a  dog,   ihe older he gets the
more be is Inclined to bite if tantalized.
Now that he is showing his te.-th
enemies of labor better take the other
side of th.- street.
It looks as though the "Sunday Observance Law" that our "Sabbatarian
bigots" were trying to have passed at
Ottawa is to be gently chloroformed
and turned down. It proposed alto-
gether too much Interference with
business to suit the capitalist Interests of the Dominion. If the report be
true that lt is to be passed by the
Commons and given its quietus in the
Senate, It brings to light a usefulness
that we did not know the last mentioned concern possessed. Rut we begin to s.-e th° point now. By passing
the law the members of the lower
house can return to their districts
and with good grace again solicit the
support e>f their pious constitutents for
re-election. The Senate, being an appointive body, need not care a fig for
the feelings of pious hypocrites and
bigots In the matter. The Senate is,
at least upon occasion, a useful contraption. Wi- retract any harsh things
we may have previously said of Lhat
august body.
If this precious law be turned down
It will afford cause for gratification to
every sincere religionist. The Salvation Army is making monkey show
enough of the Lord's business as It Is.
without the Dominion of Canada being
mad.- any further party to it.
The International Socialist Bureau Gives Graphic Picture of the
"Little Father's" Tender Gare of his Dear Children.
outside   the   farmer's   con-
trol. .
And yet farmers, who appear tn be
sane men call themselves "Independent" because they own land. It makes
no difference what the farmer owns.
So long as some other mnn owns some,
one thing thot the farmer must have
to make a living he has the farmer
nt his mercy. . .   .
The great machines, the n.-cumulate.
thoughts and energy of generations Of
men should be a blessing to all mankind, but under private ow ship thei
are the means of exploitation of producer and consumer alike
machinery   of  production
bution which all the P''"P <
becomes the property of Ml
used  ns  the Willing slaves o
When the
ind   dlstrl-
must  use,
the people,
f  all   the
The following extract from the report of ihelnternatlonel Socialist Bur-
e-.iu at Brussels throws eonstdi rable
I'ikIH upon the state ,,f affairs In the
Caucasus and affords ample illustration of the Little Father's" kindness
towards his children.
The central secratori.it of the Aril • Social-Democratic Party has sent
us the following Interesting communication: In October, isk«5. was held the
annual congress of the Armenian Social-Democratic Workers' Organisation
Of the Caucasus. Delegates from all
the active committees were present.
Th, Central Committee was instructed to convey to the Int. Soc. Bureau
a d to German Socialist Party the
thsnkl Of organisation for the moral
Sttd material aid and sympathy extended by them.
The proletariat of the world will have
beheld with satisfaction the heroic
struggles ot their comrades against
Russian absolutism, The Russian proletariat organised f-.r International
Socialism declared a general str.ke
against their exploiters and oppressors
and unrelenting war against the Csar***,
lOVernmenL The strike eventually be-
. am. a revolution Organised workers
Of all nationalities have made comrnoi
cause In thla great struggle for libel ty.
They ere marching towards victory,
towards the emancipation of the exploited and oppressed. In spite o; the
brutality ami savagery which characterises tu. Csar'i government, the
workers arc emerging victorious from
tie- un.qua! contest 1. has put the
fear of death i". the itus.-ian autocracy.
"that back-bone of the universal gen-
darmerie," and clipped the talons ot
ihe Imperial eagle. Russian absolutism Is doomed.
Hut ul this historic moment uie mil-
i.ant Armenian proletariat found itself,
and still tiinis Itself, und«*je,most unusual conditions. The autocracy. Uncling itself helpless, in face of.the onslaughts of  the proletariat,'"put into
practice the famous policy invented
by l'icv-. Poblodnoser it Co. To arrest the revolutionary movement and
crush OUt once tor all tlie malcontent
elements, the government has set
against one another the various nations under their sway and thc different sections or -the Russian people, The
Hooligans massacre the intellectuals
and revolutionaries, Russians despoil
and slaughter the Jews. Finally the
government has Incited the Tartars
against the Armenians in the Cuucu!*
us. They are considered by.i/.e government the mos-; dangerous element
In the Caucasus. They decided to punish at nil costs the Armenian proletariat and thc whole nation. In the
Armi no-Tartur provinces they found
u field most favor.it)'..- to the realisation of their diabolical projects, owing to the Tartar's complete lack of
poiiticni consciousness. Arming thc
Tartars and disarming the Armenians
they   provoked  a  conflict   between   the
Comrade Austin Lewis of California Writes Interestingly of
Impressions Received During his Recent Trip From
Vancouver Through the Wilds of tbe Interior.
The meeting at Nelson turned out to
he somewhat larger than the first ap-
P«-arar.ces seemed to warrant one ln
expecting. In fact. It waa one of the
most enjoyable and satisfactory of the
mee;lngs which I addressed. There
was one curious, nnd to" me at first,
somewhat unaccountable phenomenon,
at the meeting. At the back of the
hall were a number of Church of England clergy. I could hardly believe
my eyes. The collars were there, and
l wo curious vests were there. With
•these two cvldentary facts the conclusion was unavoidable. They were
certainly Church of England clergymen. I remarked upon the matter
afterwards, and was told that the clerics tn question had contributed to the
c dlectlon with quite marked liberality.
1 met one or two of them later, and
lhe wherefore was explained. There
was something which they called a
diocesan synod proceeding at Nelson.
The   aggravating    and    still   insistent
two  neighbor  races, during   which  ihe
government   was  enabled    to conoen-
LlS&e its forct-s against uie revolution-
..uis  in  those  districts  where lt coulu
ii. i nnd reactionar] elements ready i«.
its band.   Now the government ia*e*i
advantage  of   the   ignorance  unu   fcr-
octty ui  the  Tartar    populace, of  the
lu*-.  for  pillage and  vengeance  of this
iace,  which has constiiuted itse.f the
aefender  of  ubsolutisme   anq   tne  toe
io   tu;   revolutionary  Armenians,   who
liiboc fur  emancipation hand  ln  hand
..iu»  tneir  comrades,  Russian,  Jewish,
1'OlcSh, ueorgians, Lettish    and    iinn.
mis   coiniict   provoked    by   ihe auto-
ciacy  iias aroused  and perpetua.es an
unparalleled    animosity  between    me
ouurgeolse of lhe two laces, Tartar and
Armenian.    In  the  industrial   centre*,
sucli   as   Baku,   the  Tartar   bourgt-oise
sen.   al   nil   costs   to   displace   the  Armenian,   which   has   gained   trio   upper
band Ul commerce and  industry.   They
liavc-  rallied   to  ;hcir aid  lhe  forces of
Moslem  ignorance  and launched   uiem
ai  the  Armenians.      In tne  provinces
lhe  Khans and ilegs  (.thi   landed  proprietor.!'  take advantage _of  . -e contact   to     assure-     their    own   position.
Making  common    cause   with   the degraded peasantry these _.*udall»:s place
themselves at the head of armed bunas
and  ravage  the   villages  wilh a »-iew
towards   stamping    out   any   agrarian
movement.       Pan-islamism,   developed
and  propagated    by  Moslem  Ideology,
pah-Armenlanlam   fostered  by   the  Armenian   Nationalists, and   bigoted  animus.ly     between    the    two     i-..0.ons
Christian and  Mohammedan, complete
,he  tableau   wherein    this  struggle  is
being  waged,    'ioe deplorable    consequences   of    this  coutllct  are   easy   to
perceive.     All   Trans-Cauc-asia   bathed
in     blood.        Massacres     everywhere.
Towns  pillaged   and  burneu.     Villages
destroyed.    Industry  and commerce at
a    standstill.    Workers   aud    peasants
homeless.    And not only has this bach-
aual of blood arrested the progress of
the Socialist and  revolutionary  movement, but has served to entrench more
securely the forces of tyranny and to
resuscitate the nationalist spirit.
However, the Armenian proletariat,
organised in their own defence against
ths agents of Csarism, continue their
Socialist propaganda among the pro-
letarlan masses, both Armenian und
Tartar*, and expect some clay soon to
cause them to break away from the In-
lluence of the bourgeolse. the mullahs,
the Regs and all other exploiters. Then
the Arm front of the united proletariat against the bourgeoisies end the
nationalists of both races will bring
this conflict to an end. And We shall
recommence our battle against .ne
Russian  autocracy.
The organised Armenian proletariat
bears aloft always the red ilag of International Socialism and sends Its fraternal greetings to the International
Socialist   Bureau,
or favor from any class or sys.tem.
They think the synod should make
this clear either by endorsing th above
statement or making a statement in
harmony with the thought therein expressed.
They would also respectfully suggest
that the synod act aa well as speak,
and would propose that it ahould frame
such canons on finance and administration aa would, as far aa possiote,
free her clergy, on -the one hand., frwnt
the stigma that their positloqit Sire controlled by the moneyed clatjfcji'r Individuals of that class, In theli congregation, or the church at large! nd, on
the other hand, free the laity J im the
eiigma resting upon them that the r
social or financial condition is a force
which enables them, or the lack or tbe
same disables them, from occupying
any position, or from being representatives In any way, in the affairs of
the church which pertains to thje laity.
The     committee    would    wain   tne
clergy and  laity alike of the h4rnr-*a***"-*'
patronising, or assuming an air of condescension,    towards    the    proletariat,
who desire Justice and not charity.
They would also respecifully urge
the importance of a chair on sociology
in the proposed diocesan school, and
commend the serious attention of all
to the subject of co-operative commonwealth, if they would wish to come
nearer to the workingman, especially
at this time when so many are making it their chief study.
In conclusion, i~e committee regret
their Inability to do anything like
Justice to a matter which they believe
to be of paramount importance to the
We are, yours respectfully,
Of those signing the above state-
„(r], Henry Steele Is the Church of
England parson at Orand Forks, John
T L-n.rence is a member of the Socia-
i'ft Party, and I have no information
v. ith regard to the last named. I am
ti.lr.rmed that the report was received,
ti' not acted uponrthough there was
a decided tendency to regard It with
interest, if not with favor.
If ever there was proof of the intentions of the scientific Socialist with
respect to the church this furnishes additional evidence. The church, like
every other institution, is compelled to
suit Itself to the economic environment
In which it finds itself. A clergyman
li;"ntr ii. a purely industrial community,   like.-  a  mining     camp,  comes   In
oursc- cf time to look at things from
the p-Ynt of view of the industrial prole'a rian. He also sees things from that
standpoint much more quickly when
lus salary depends upon the offerings
oi tie aaid proletarian. Nobody need
b. ther with the church. Let the industrial proletarian win his fight and the
church will come to heel.
question of Socialism had come up In
ihe synod, and these clergy were in
more or less intelligent sympa-thy with
the working class movement. It ap-
p«ars that a committee had been appointed to Investigate the question of
the alienation of the working man
*":trim the church. The report of this
committee ia so striking, so refreshingly new in the history of ecclesiastical bodies that I cannot refrain from
quoting it In full:
The conunitlee appointed to enquire
into the alienation of the workingmen,
beg   leave  to  report:
That, from conferences held at head-
quariers of some of the unions of
workingmen and from interviews with'
individual men, -they are of the opinion that what alienation exists is due
mainly to the social conditions of the
men. and their estrangement from the
rest of society. The unsatisfactory
condition of the workingmen as a
class has caused many to become Socialists; and as they are, generally-
speaking, the thinkers and the aggressive among the men. It follows that
the reconciliation of the Socialistic
workingman  is of first  importance.
The Socialism prevailing in this dla-
irict is the same as the Communism of
Karl Marx, with this important difference, that It Is evidently Christian in
sentiment and ethics.
The reason of this Is perhaps to be
found in the fact that many were
some time members of some denomination, and it Is in this that the hope
of  reconciliation lies.
The Socialistic workingman criticises
the church adversely becnuse he maintains tha: she has stu.titled herself
and failed to properly expound Christianity by allowing herself to be dominated by a social system which he
claims to be in opposition to our
Lord's own teaching, and with which
he is in opposition.
The church, in other words, in becoming the church of those who maintain the present social order has, from
his point of view, unfortunately also
become the defender of that system,
regardless of the fact th3t that social
system or order might be wrong, and
:hat she has ceased to be a recognised
ie-ader, guide or exponent of that, to
him. truly Christian condition which
she as a church ought to maintain st
least  In her own communion.
Many men besides the professed Socialist hold, though not perhaps expressed tn his language, that society is
split up Into two great Irreconcilable
classes, termed by the Socialist "proletariat" and "bourgeolse." By proletariat is meant "all wage-laborers who.
having no means of produc.ion of their
own. are reduced to selling their labor
power In order to live." By bourgeolse,
"the class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production
and employers of wage-labor,"
whether of the true bourgeoise or middle class, or of the gentry and nobility whom they Include with them. Ht
holds that the church has ceased t/>
be a useful and desirable Institution
socially, because by becoming by her
membership bourgeoise, she haa also
taken, though naturally, a one-sided
and bourgeolse view In the great labor
troubles and social problems of* the
clay, and her right to defend a particular form of government, because. Ipso
facto, it is that form of government
or social system desired by the ruling
class in her congregation, was seriously questioned.
The church, he says, has manifested
a subjugation to the present social
system, regardless of Its right to be
maintained, by allowing money and
position to talk so loud and hold such
a controlling power ln the conduct of
her affairs.
The committee believe that the
church could not, neither should she,
deny that she Is bourgeolse; but that
she desired to be, and shou.. be, proletarian as well.
The field is the world of all sorts
and conditions of men, and whatever
the social system prevailing In the
country, or countries, where she establishes  herself,   the    prolearlat  and
bourgeolse should find In her one who since the Chicago packers hnve dem-
could and would extend even-handed ons tr a ted their ability to turn nn ordl-
Justice and make it her first endeavor, nary worclng plug Into pure leaf lard,
as it was her earnest desire and duty, the Naaa ene a exploit of turning
to devote hersi-lf to the happiness and | water Inlo wine Is no longer considered
well-being  of  humanity   without   fear I a tlist class miracle.
Owing to the exposures that have
been made of the use of life insurance,
railroad and other corporation funds
for campaign purposes the big concerns are said to be refusing further
contributions. The campaign chests
are empty In consequence, and with
the fall congressional election coming
on in the States tbe politicians are in
a fine frenzy. No campaign fund, no
campaign and the opportunity of get-
Ing next the pie-counter rendered more
difficult Thus ls another great and
profitable industry threatened with irretrievable ruin because of the ridiculous prejudice of thin-skinned moralists against what Irreverent and narrow-minded people term graft and corruption. It ts a crying shame that our
most noble politicians should be compelled to run a campaign on nickels
and dimes, as the Socialists do.
The ever lengthening record of
marital Infelicity, divorce scandals and
licentious carousals, among the
wealthy c'asses, Is to be deplored.
Just as we have become convinced, by
apolo.ists of the present system, that
it is the special mission of Socialism
to destroy the home, abrogate the
marriage tie, and reduce the 'sexes to
promiscuity, the knowledge that our
precious and exalted rulers themselves
are far more promiscuous and Infinitely less de ent, ln their sex relations,
than a diove of hogs, comes with a
rude sh- c'<.    It Is Indeed deplorable.
Some recent trouble at Sonora, Mexico, resulted In the usual murder of a
lot of wage-earners at the hands of
the authorities. Now comes Col. W. C.
Oreen. president of the copper company at that place, and, no doubt
truthfully, asserts that the Western
Federitlon of Miners ls responsible for
the trouble. The unflinching courage
of the colonel in thus placing the responsibility where It properly belongs
is ln striking contrast to the quaking
cowardice of the Csar of Russia, in
refraining from exposing the part this
wicked organisation his played In
fomenting the Russian revolutions.
1 f mm
; *•
i 1
#■; 1
The nn
PuWlahed every Saturday in the
internets of the working claaa nlone
at tke Office of the Weetern Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 165 Hastings
Street, Vancouv»r, B. C.
Strictly ia Advance.
Yearly aubecriptloa cards In lota
of Ave or more, 75 cents each.
Advertising rateo on application.
If you receive thla paper, it ie paid
Addreaa nil communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver. B. C.
Watch thla lafc-1 oa your paper. If thla numjbler ia on it,
your aubecriptloa expiree the
next leeue.
Saturday July 7, 190(5.
111 j
Probably no more infamous undertaking has been indulged in, by the
ruling class of the United States, than
the unwarranted seizure of Moyer.
Haywood and Pettibone, and their brutal kidnapping from the State of Colorado. No more glaring and arbitrary
exercise of brute force to override and
nullify the supposed rights of alleged
free citizens, has ever occurred upon
American soil. That it has been met
with such a storm of indignant protest
upon the part of workingmen as to
warn the conspirators responsible for
•the Infamy, against being too coarse
and open in carrying out their murderous schemes, ls greatly to the credit
of the workers. But it ls by no means
sufficient to swerve the conspirators
from their original purpose, as the
present status of the case most clear-
. ly proves. The abducted men are still
In prison, and with no prospects of
anything like a hearing of their case
in sight. This is made all the more
criminal In view of the fact that the
accused men have at all times since
their arrest not only been ready for
Immediate trial, but have urgently Insisted that such be given them.
The law's delay In the matter of
bringing them to trial has not occurred through any fault of the accused
men. Holding them in confinement
upon mere suspicion of guilt, Is, in effect, the punishment of men for crimes
of which they have not been proven
guilty. Ii at some future time these
men should be brought to trial, and
their Innocence of the crimes charged
be established, the spectacle Is afforded of Innocent men having suffered
punishment, that even under capitalist law, is due only to actual criminals.
The holding of these men in confinement during these long weary months
of the law's delay, ls but emphasizing
the infamy practiced upon them in
the first Instance. They have been
and are still being, deprived of their
liberty, not because of guilt established, but because the present ruling
class professes to have evidence sufficient to prove them criminals. That
they are not promptly brought to
trial, their guilt proven and punishment be meted out accordingly, is
proof positive that no such evidence
exists. The only conclusion to be
drawn Is that the entire case against
the Imprisoned men has been trumped
up for the purpose of depriving them
of their liberty, or perchance of their
lives, ln order to further the interests
of that brutal gang of capitalists
which has Its fangs burled in the vitals of the American working class,
and which is typified in Colorado and
Idaho by the mine-owners' association.
Let the men of labor everywhere
continue their protests against the infamies practised upon Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone. Let the agitation
In their behalf be Increased and multiplied a thousand fold until such a
din Is raised about the ears of the ruling class as to compel them to release
these men and return them to their
families, and if they have any case
against them go about It In a reasonable, decent and legal way.
men shall occur as will enable the
units of human society to obtain access at all times to the means of production for the purpose of supplying
themselves, through their own labor,
with the food, clothing, etc., necessary to their existence.
The productive power of labor at the
present time, owing to the efficient and
powerful tools and machinery ln use,
is something almost beyond human
computation. But, in spite of this
enormous productive power, that human society cannot longer feed, clothe
and shelter itself under tho present
system of property is evidenced by the
widespread and ever deepening poverty and misery that curses every land
under the sun.
Capitalist property dominates the
world. Capital ls king. It rules with
an Iron hand. Its subjects Include all
who by their labor produce the wealth
of the world. By their toil and sweat
the subjects (workers) produce wealth
untold for their ruler (capital) while
living in poverty and misery themselves, and oftentimes under conditions
of squalor and wretchedness beyond
the power of language to describe. At
the same time the beneficiaries of capitalist property live ln such magnificence and splendor as the world has
never seen - before. Capitalists and
their hangers-on wallow In wealth as
hogs might wallow In a swill trough.
The workers, their subjects and slaves,
pay the bill by their privations and
The impending change in social and
industrial institutions will transform
the means of production from capital,
to collective or community property,
and abolish the wage system. After
such transformation the men of labor
will no longer work for the prolit of
others. They will work together In
their own Industries for the purpose
of supplying themselves and their families with the material things necessary for their comfort and well-being.
Where they now work together for
the profit of capital they will then
work together for the common good.
The Impending change ls Implied In
tke world-wide Socialist movement.
That the modern machinery of production Is forcing the change Is attested
by the widespread discussion of Socialism that Is so prevalent to-day. It ls
the universal topic. It ls being discussed through the press, from the
platform and wherever men do congregate, and all of this discussion and
agitation ls forced by the machinery
and methods of capitalist production;
by the economic development of the
present age.
Production la, at present, essentially
social. The workers are compelled to
work together because of the nature
of the tools of industry and the consequent method of their operation. The
labor of each individual is swallowed
up in the combined labor of all. The
product comes forth as a social product, I. e., something produced by the
combined labor of all, and not by the
labor of any Individual. The individual only contributes his labor to the
general process of producing all
While capitalist production ts essentially social in character, the appropriation of the product is semi-social.
It is appropriated by a part of society
only. It Is appropriated by the own
ers of the means of production, the
capitalists, who subsequently have a
regular "monkey and parrot" time In
whacking lt up among themselves.
There can be no peace or harmony
in human society until the method of
appropriating and distributing the
products of industry la made to conform to that of the productive process
itself. Social production demands so
clal ownership of the means of production, and social appropriation of the
products. This, of Itself, Implies a
proper and equitable distribution of
wealth among those who take part In
Its production, which In turn implies
that every one must contribute his
share of labor-time to thc common
process If he la to partake of the
wealth brought forth by lt.
It is up to the workers to use every
means    within    their power  to  bring
about the requisite change with as lit
tie friction and turmoil as possible.
All signs point to an upheaval ln the
not distant future that will undoubtedly result in no Inconsiderable alteration and readjustment of social and
Industrial Institutions. Along what
particular line such readjustment will
be made there can be little question.
The ever Increasing social character of
wealth production Is rendering it each
day more Imperative that such a transformation of property relations among
t unity of acquiring private property
for himself. In such things as he may require for his own comfort and well-
being. Social property ln such means
of production as require that workers
shall work together ln their operation,
can alone assure to them the opportunity of acquiring such private property.
Tho residence, furnishings, horses.
carriages, automobiles and other personal belongings of a capitalist work
no further hardships upon his workmen, although their first cost was
wrung from their sweat. These things
do not function as capital, I. e.. meaning exploitation. They are a source
Of expense to the capitalist Instead of
a means of revenue. The money expended upon them might otherwise-
have been converted Into new or additional capital and thus used ns a
means of continued or further exploitation.
Garrulous upstarts who Jump at conclusions might as well possess themselves with patience, and not work
themselves Into an early .'grave over
the designs of Socialism In regard to
private property. The Soclnllst purposes to deal with capitalist property,
by converting It Into the collective
property of the working class. This
no more Implies a denial of thc right
of an Individual to own private property than the public ownership,of an
ocean would Imply that a bather-
should not own a bathing suit.
The "amoosln' cuss" that knows It
all and yet knows nothing will still
be frequently heard from though, lie
wil pop up now and again for the-
edification of the simple-minded, including himself.
they" are for  thc  moment, in  touch,
they are about the cheapest ant?
The most amusing "critter" on earth
Is the chap who writes or talks learnedly about ' Socialism contemplating
the common ownership of everything
In the shape of property, even down
to clothing and kitchen untenslls. Thc
fact of the matter ls that the Socialist knows as well as anybody that
everything required by tho Individual
for his own personal use and comfort
should be his private property, provided, of course, that he haa obtained
It in a legitimate way, and that nn
power on earth should bc allowed to
dispossess htm of such property.
The things that men are compelled to
use together ln order to produce wealth
ahould be owned together or In common, so as to insure to each Individual
participating In production the oppor-
mediocre of humankind extant Within  their own  narrow sphere  the   ftp
pear a*, veritable encyclopedias Ol Wi
dom     Outside of it they arc asses.
too  stupid   to   refrain   from   braying
their  assinitv   from  the   housetops.
Thc above quotation is from the
wisdom «>f foe Cannon, speaker o tne
House of Representatives at Washington. IV C. According to tins par
tieular piece of political ordnance.
Socialism means "a division o all ma
tcriat thing* with regard to the value
of the contributions made by indtvt-
dttals." and in the nevl breath he tt-
Berts it to be the dream "of the selfish
who desire t<> live in the sweat Ol
somebody else's face Each aiaer*
tion is a direct, contradiction of the
oilier. If Socialism means "a division
of all material thing*, with regard to
the value of thc contributions made
by individual*.." then it cannot be "a
dream of the selfish who desire to
live in the sweat of somebody else *
face. If it is such a "dream" then
it cannot mean a division of "',"*".,''r'
ial things" upon the basis stated. Ihe
one statement plainly belies thc Other.
In so completely stultifying himself
this big Republican gun clearly establishes the fact, that, although of
-month bone and long ran«c in tin-
field of political trickery and thimble
rigging, outside of that it is rusty
and crooked <'f barrel, and with ,1
range onlv sufficient to carry *< '*■■"'
from the muwtle. to tbe breach
While workingmen look to the i»'l
iticil henchmen and scullions of cap
italism for wisdom and safe guidance,
thev will continue to get what is com
ing to them as casv marks and gullili.e
suckers.      Their   confidence   Will   be
misplaced.       However   ignorant   they
may  be   themselves,  as   to  the  steps
necessary to bc taken to further their
interests   as   wealth     producers,     tin-
political henchmen of capitalism  arc
even  more  so.      Besides  all  this  they
arc   pledged   in   a   contrary   direction
and must obey.
Ask any of the leaders of conservatism in Vancouver and the adjacent
districts and thc answer of three mil
of five electors who voted for thc return of conservative candidates will
be unfavorable. The answer is almost invariably, "We are liberal-conservatives, not socialist-conservatives. We hav no sympathy with the
man who is going through the country
today on a tour of instruction with
Men-ride's scalp dangling from his
girdle, boasting of the degradation
to which hc has lowered his leader
and threatening to haul down the
British flag at the capital and run tin
thc Red Flag of Anarchy in its stead. *
•    *   *
In days of yore thc hero Wolfe
Britain's glory did maintain
And planted firm  Britannia's Hag
On Canada's fair domain;
Here may it wave our boast and pride
And join in  love together
The   thistle,   shamrock,   rose  entwine-
The maple leaf forever.
Thc maple leaf our emblem dear
Thc maple leaf for  ever;
God save our King and Heaven bless
The maple leaf for ever.
So sang Alex. Mitir who dice! on the
26th of June last, four days after Mr.
Hawthornthwaite had told a Vancouver audience that he intended to tear
down the glorious flag of our country
and substitute for it the Red Flag of
a   *   *
Thc above clippings arc from the
editorial page of thc "Vancouver
World" which is known all thc way
from J. Hill's depot to the Cambie St.
dumps as "the paper that prints the
facts." As Hawthornthwaite is
known to possess a large and varied assortment of pelts taken from
political animals of various shades of
faith, from pre-historic tory to gangrenous grit, it is more than likely
that "Mr. McBride's scalp" is among
the lot. This is, however, of little
consequence as capitalist politicians
of whatever brand, are altogether to
easy to snare to admit of any great
value attaching to their scalps. It
is well enough to admit, that in regard to this scalp matter, thc World
has probably not straved away far
from thc facts.
Tn regard to thc "Red Flag" it is
somewhat different, however. The
"Red Flag" happens to be, not the
"Flag of Anarchy, but of its very opposite, Socialism. It is thc emblem
of peace, labor and liberty. Its color
typifies thc blood that flows through
thc veins of all the race, indicating a
common humanity, a brotherhood of
man. In its blithcrini/s about the
"Red Flag" and Hawthornthwaitc's
intentions in reference thereto, the
raucous voiced "World," has aroused
the suspicion that it does not always
confine itself to thc facts, but sometimes simply lies.
Webster defines gangrene as: "a
term formerly restricted to mortification of thc soft tissues which has
not advanced so far as to produce
complete loss of vitality; but now applied to mortification of soft parts
in any stage.
Whether caused by thc rupture of
an "innard" while bawling its own
virtues from thc housetop, or the
laceration of its feelings because thc
tantalizing political pbtms are "so
near, but vet so far," it is quite evident thc "World" is in a dcitrcd hnd
way and gangrene has set in. F.ithcr
that or senile decay.
"If I understand what Socialism is
it means substantially a division of
all material things with regard to the
value of thc contributions made by
individuals. It is thc dream of the
impracticable, on the one hand, and,
on thc other, of the selfish who desire
to live in thc sweat of somebody
else's face,"
Thc average workingman is permeated with the idea that capitalist
politicians and statesmen arc concrete
embodiments of human  wisdom,
Their confidence has been misplaced.
Outside  of their ability to scent  (he
._   "■'ve-ry Uehut Onion 1,, thr .,
*-,l,.| to pli.ee* scsrdun.l., i)„, l.,;',".,"V '.,,
mouth.     >-rcrn»rir,t>i(.0_ „,'"*•"   It* 2
W. 1*. M
evening  nt
Meets U"rv'    »»
Mo o'dockViftil
hall      v. i„Kr.m. prask^t 'J^
ricknrd, secrctarv
It Is all off with thc Standard Oti
Company as far as Kansas Is concerned. Oovernor Hoch proposes that
the state establish a distillery for the
production of denatured atcohol. to h*
operated by convict lnbor. Alcohol for
light and fuel could be furnished to
consumers so cheap that oil would be
knocked out. If the workers In Ih.-
oil industries thai are to he shut down
iu consequence desire a steady Job i»
the alcohol mill all they need do Is to
become convicts. The r«*st will do Itself. C.reat is Kansas, an.l Governor
Hoch Is no Unlit weeltcht terror. When
he pets through with the Ktandard
there will not be enough left lo hold
an Inquest over.
It is reported that th- farmers of
Kansas are finding It difficult lo obtain sufficient labor to harvst their
crops, although they nre offering the
fabulous wnge of $1.25 per day. Th<-
greed for wealth Is becoming the pro-
dominant characteristic of the American workingmen. Unless It can In
some way lie checked they will soon
develop Into aristocratic loafers, spending their time in riding around in
automobiles, playing tennis or polo, or
getting divorces from their wives.
Remedial legislation Is what Is needed.
A Frenchman has written a Iweok In
which he clearly explains how to live
150 years. All thnt ls needed, says the
author, Is the will to do so. This will
be welcome news to those who have
be>en led away with the Idea that the
matter of grub had at U-ast some-thin*
to do with the nbillty to live even i.0.
let alone 150 years. The dissemination
of this knowledge will no doubt lend
to have a depressing effect Upon
wages. Bind nuile properly so If the nil-
thor's contention tee sound.
Hnngnry 1~ threatened with a general strike that promises to bring Industry to a standstill In harvest Ume.
Eighty thousand laborers have agreed
to strike for the purpose of forcing the
government to grant universal suffrage.
Instead of a modified franchise scheme
ns now proponed. If the strike of Held
laborers falls of Its purpose a general
strike of nil trades Is to be declared.
That sort of a strike Is well worth
taking part in and should enlist the
support of every workingman.
London, June I*.—A curious story of
King Edward's comment on the Liberal and Labor Victories In tho Inte
elections Is being told discreetly in
political circles.
It Is said thnt when the continual
successes of the Hndlcnls we-re announced to the King, he exclaimed
laughingly: "I nm the Inst King of
England!"—News Item. And what
will the people nf. Englnnd do then,
poor  things?
IJecauso of an article published in
the Cosmopolitan Magaslne, entitled
"The Treason of the Hennte," Senator
llalley, of Texas, declares such publications "should be outlawed by the
united contempt of honest men." Just
what particular trait of cussedness
prompted the senator to attempt to
drag honest men Into a mix-up with
tho senate Is unknown,
We. the Socialist Party of Canada.
In convention asaembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support ol the principles and program of the international revolutionary working claas.
Labor produces ail wealth, nnd to
labor It should Justly belong. To
the owners of tho means of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all thn products of
labor belong to the capitalist claaa.
The capitalist is master; the worker
is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
In possession of tho reins of government all the powers of the state will
lie used to protect and defend th«*ir
proiierty rights In the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
Tho capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an evcr-a well Intr stream of
profits, and to thc worker an ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
The Interest of the working claws
lles tn the direction of netting Itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the Abolition of the wage system. To
accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or worklng-claas
The irrepressible conflict of interests betwe-en the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.    This ia tha class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under ihe !>«—ner ol
the Hocinlist Psrty of Canada with
the object of cone'uering thc public
powers for the purpose of eel tins up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working cI«hs, as /allows:
1. The transformation as rapidlv
as possible, of capitalist proporty lu
the means of wealth production 'natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc..) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and manage!neint of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
aa possible, of production for uae
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is abolisj-sl.
make the answer to this question Its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the interests of
the working clsss and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If It •rill, the Socialist
Party is for It; if it will not. the
Socialist Party Is absolutely opp—
ed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
In ita hands in such a manner as to
promote the InteresU of ths working claaa alone.
** * ■ ■ ■ ■■■■—■»■■■■■■■■-■__«;
J. Kdward lllrd.    A. r  BrvdnZii
ilARUIHIKRH, Solicit,,!. M™
Tel. 821).  p.O,  |lox, .,.,2
824 Hastings St. . . Vs.„, „„,„„r
ghTV.very    Ix>cal    ol   th.   s,-,,,   ,
Party of  Canada ahoul.t  r,,r, , Z*M
under  this   head.   $1 00 pet       '
Secretaries please note
LiHi-.ii Coinmhta l**rovhirisi Im.UI)I,
Committee, Socialist i-arti ..(.
iieiu.    Meets avert alu rn ■ •..    H ■
day.   I>.  a.   McKensle,  Beet -.,,>   li«|
*%, Vancouver, n. C.
IKtililnloll   KM-e-llll,i>     t  ;n,,   ^
..l-lci       le....,   ,.f      ...... i u      ■
mini..n   i:\it-ntUi-     i Bill***, m\
clallst     Parly  of    e'„n,<..     )*.„,.
every   alternate    i u.   -.     j 9
Morgan,   Hecrstar*
Street, Vanootsvei   r. i
lex-Mi trMmwr, No.  I, H   P ..( ejts,I
ado.       Kuslne-ss    nn . ,.,[
Monday  evening  ,n ..^j
Ingleside Illock, 113 ( I
Irejeim   1,     second  iloor) I
tlonul  meetings e-\.r,   •...,. -., t, ,1
p,  m, It.    Balll*. in    Halt, i I
Htre*l.     Pred<-r|.    Pom i»nf
Ilox tot. Vancouver   i: .
Long] Tieronio. s. p. ed i —Mn_«|fl
ond und tourlh Tu. ,1
Headquarters,  l * *'*tnl
\\',Kt.   W. Data, Seen to     i I
street.   Jewish Brat •.
Hun.lay  night   ■ ,
l..**nl      Uil.nl,- g.   s.   I"      I   c  — V|.r»|
first and ihiret Bund •
Hall   c.rn.-r   Ring |   i
enues,    at   ~ 18 i>  m    j        I
macratary, ::<; PHm |
nipeg, Man.
 j.   ———
hereby   apply  for  membership
In Local
 /loclallst  I'arty  of
I recognise lhe class struggle
between the capitalist class nn.l
the working class tn be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of the
reins of government, nnd which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to ail pnrtlos of thc capitalist class.
If admitted to membership.
I hereby agree lo maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, voto and all other legitimate means the ticket nnd the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Admitted to ixioui i9o..
I *.liiMi-ln .1   I vi I
The IMik-l labor
l'it|"-r III Canada.
Always  a  fearie
Ibe e-«ei«<- of h
For .ine eleelhir Ihi
be se-nl  to mi)  addre
Workingmen of sll    • *
*»iii s-.eeii    recognise
that   th«*y     muM     supi
r*ead  Ihelr labor i
llu* Vedev  Piibli-I.ii..   I
Ulnill|H*g,     Man
Miners 'Mayazine|
Published  Weekly by -I"
Wntifg Faterttlei 01 Minn
A  Vigorous Advocate ot Leber'
Clear-Cut and Aggressive-
Per Year $1.00.       Six Monti-, thn
Denver, Colorado.
WANTED: by Chicago whole-*
house, special represent■*>***» ■-■
each province In Quada. 'H*J*17
$20,00 and expenses paid mm
Expense money advanced Bus-
aesa successful, position P"-*_*!_*
No Investment nxpilri-d. I'm*-****
experience not essential to *■!**
Ing.    Address
General Manager. l.TJ L_-l 9'
 Chicago,   lllJJ^
w.._r'* «»M»-'».4ne business '(if Msiuifiutmers
•"nt-liwcrssiidollieis who rcall.e "h "JdtESbU-
.yi?l_.ar'"-*,Jht)r f•■■••■•,• R»wS tmrneUd
'* BxpertS,   I'rellmlrmryselvicefr«    l"lmr~.
u'tTi, °,ur !"vente?'. ^vlm*tnTe%*
•' I'i. *t. Mm ion £ Marlon, New Vork I.lfcr SB?
Mouiutti; uuu Washington, i>.t,""»£.     '•
5 yearly sub. curds for |3.75-
Ilunellos of  35 or more ropl-*» f»
one address,  for a period ol    •*■"
months or more at tho rate of **-*
cent per copy,
Patronize our advertisers.
60   YEARS'
Tnsor M*"-"
CoP*/n|OHT*     .
if « •slitr** ••",,l]'',""'l,'!.iill'"'»"
n our opinion *'""" '„m»ii\*-
In.sntlon it tmbam MtrnMBApJ ..niv-i't*
tlo*Mitrim!»e*oeine!«iitl»l. HANOB*****'„ iu,i«iii».
•sntfrsej. cflilsm ttoney fo**/**^T"SJo. n***1
Pslsnls Ussii tfim-ith »'"',[*„
itHcUUnntUt. wllhsulohr-rye*. I"""L    ...
Scientific Hmt W
Anyone lending
mfoktr ss.-srisi
A hsnd.eim.lr lllsitrsMd wee.r.1* L»"*£ 01
oulsH.ni of snr .olsriildo l..urini ■ ' ,wl-r*-
■/•_>; four months, »l- H"''1 >>'"".      , Unrb
snr nuw> •.'"-"■'■ c-iiirdiiv July ?, 190G.
THE WESTliftri m.Atttftit    VAKOOtJVEIt,   BRtflBB. COLUMBIA.
_^_^_l 9
tuk-  ad
at Intervals, rec
•i-,,,.*,. cc.i.nuris have been placed at
 laposal «>r th.- Party. Secretarl*-
,,. [...i;iIm are requested to
vantage of them I"
i^Ung conditions In their respective
lut-alltlea I'oirimiinic itlons under this
,,;..„! should I..- addressed to the Do-
„liM|„„ „r Provincial Secretaries. I...
, ,| secretaries are further requested to
';.'..,k t„ these columns for announce-
n-eitts from the Executive Committees.
Uv this means the business of the
Party will be facilitated and the Dominion snd Provincial se-e-redarie-s
,,i,.v,.,i of ii little eif the Increasing
i ,, on of ecu ies; ondenoe.
Vancouver, B, *'-. July ML IMS,
Present Comrades McKenzle-. l'rit-
, i,.,i■ i. Kingsley and th- seoretAry,
mi Hii.s of previous meeting r«-ad and
Ih fo lo« Ing e-orresi emd.-nce was
,l,.iii with: From To Onto, Hamilton
nnd H'rim Heals In Ontario, \\'iiinl|>e-g
,,,,i , lareaholtn looals n.d Oonirada '"•
It, ..I'm.  inner—Ip,  <mt.
\ warrant »ai ordered   drawn   to
Western riar on" for 12 for ad apace.
Iti  • Ipls
II..ml ton lo ol. stamps  I IM
Winnipeg local stamps      1.00
Clare -holm   lex nl.   supples 2-.
|*   c   pro*   esc-, com., (damps and
,„P,li s    ,  H.W
\i   will   Ix*   seen   gooel   use   has   he-en
of the moneys subscribed so far
lo ill.-  organizing  funds.    Further  ..r-
'Mig tours are under Contemplation
if fui ds  are available.    Further  suh-
i-tlons  are  therefore  urgeniiy  «..-
i  us,  with  the great  Interest  that
Is   ,t  present  Ix-ihg inanlfesleel in Born,  no better time could In- found
■Dreading    the propaganda    and
g up the organisation.
Ihe  following  sums  havo   Isaun    re?-
Mi-eHl   to  date:
e on hand $'."! H
II   Wade, Port Harvey    6.00
ial $.*. H
Forward n*l conliibutloia to
j. <i   MORGAN, Sec .
551 Barnard Ht.
. ini onvi r. is. c.
mi  hand     121 SS
II . Ikls*        UM
Bmesi  ProBi       :.»"
Tot,I    WM
ll  has Ix-. i, d,., |,|..,| by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central fund
le, be Used In generally assisting In (he
coming campaign and more especially
for the purpose of printing and distributing campaign literature. Should
sufficient funds be; forthcoming, It Is
Intended to so strew the Province, with
revolutionary leaflets that they will
become the most familiar documents
Within Its confines.
Hy way of a start (announced elsewhere in tills Issue), the proprietors of
the Western Clarion have agreed that
iefl per cent of all new yearly subscriptions to the Clarion sent In through
the Provincial Secretary, shall go to
lhe central campaign fund. Subserlb-
e-rs should avail themselves of this of-
f.-r arid send In such subs, as they can
get, through the see-rotary. And further, there are many comrades
throughout the Province who nre un-
attached   to  any   Local   and   who  may
he desirous of collecting for the central fund. To these the Committee will
furnish, on application, receipt hooks,
with authority lei collect funds for the
campaign, Th.- committee hopes that
all Interested In the matter will earnestly  endeavor  to  make   this  fund  as
large as possible, so ihat this election
may be the most memorable ln the history of It. C. We should aim at nothing le-.'-s than that an avowed and un-
compromtsing revolutionist contest each
scat  In this Province.    Such a contest
would have a wide and far-reaching
effect, and would give a tremendous
impetus to the- movement, not only in
Hi Itish  Columbia,  but   throughout  the
Never before were the prosper ts. of
the Socialist Parly In B. ('. so bright,
and DO effort should be spared to take
advantage of our present opportunities
and nothing should tie allowed to stand
In the way of a united and thoroughly
organised attack upon the strongholds
<ef capitalism. All petty differences
should be sunk and all comrades should
concentrate  their energies on   the ap-
proaching election. This party is not
organised for the personal advancement  of any  individual.     And  anyone-
seeking  personal     edvansement  had
la tier ki*ep out of the Party. The
movement ealls for constant sacrifices
and holds out no rewards except the
Satisfaction thut arise* from the sense
Of duty done and the prospect of put-
ling an end forever to this accursed
system. IxM us all get In and work
!.>r   ths world's revolution.   We have
th<- l;lght. we have the Might, and we
miisi win. We have nothing to lose
bul our manhood. I.- t us then acquit
ourselves as men.
The following amounts received up to
M.  llalllday   $ 2.0"
Philip Tobln       IO*'
Two Clarion subs   <Alf.  Leah and
Leeds)        LOU
votes means a win here, unles a wejak
man Is brought forward by one of the
parties, when we might need to get
250. The campaign after this I expect
the two capitalist battalions will be up
against the Socialist, Have you any
Italian literature on the coast'/ I
should like to get some. The Italian
vote has been swung by first one party,
then lhe other, by the usual means,
and I think it Is time we got it, as
they are almost ignorant e,f the fact
that there Is a .Socialist party here In
Canada. There are
among t H^^^^^^^^^^^^
We are going to resurrect our Local.
Are expecting Jim lu again when he
is through with the Boundary. Good
crowd In opera heiuse last night; expenses heavy, but no other place suitable or large enough. Expense's $29.00;
receipts $20.7.r>. and some rather large
e hipping in to make that.
Yours for the**revolution,
i£i-:<;i:.Ni*i:.viioN THBOtrOB
many   Socialists
•   ul ir   business   mce'lng   July   3rd.
•  it:     Comrades   Kingsley   (organ
■.er), Morgan. Pritchard and the sec*
■    ry     Minnies of previous meeting
•   r- ad ami approved.
■   rranta  were ordered drawn  for
the  f- lowing sums:
Printing   receipt   books,  etc I17.W
A !v rising spa. e In "Clarion".. 2.00
I'-million   executive   stamps   and
supplies   IIM
Postsge    J-**
Communications were rend froaI
ttcvelstoke Local. Boundary Vfella
I" .!. Fertile Loca'. chilliwack Local.
N'analmo Local, A. w*. Herrod (Nelson),    '-Ctmioops.    Ymir.    Greenwood,
Urand Forks Kttnb- rtev. Sandon and
Moyte Comrades M. Ilnlllday. Mrs
llalllday nnd Philip Tohl" admitted
a-<   members  at  large.     Notice  received
f ..in Comrade Balllday of disbanding
of Van Anda Local, the members hav-
inn i.-.,, dispensed and effective organ-
' ' n Ix'ing Impossible owing to the
i ■ minimus working of the mine night
sn ' day Seven  -lays a  week.    The soo-
i.tny was Instructed to notify locals
in ...te for place- of convention
I '•• in.-   Local    ♦ MO
Vancouver   Local     3-M
Chi llwaek  Local       20n
Koundary Palls Local     -■'■'"
">'ui Anda treasury      "*0Q
M, iiaiiiday, member al targe... LM
Mrs   llalllday. memlier nt large.    LOB
Philip Tobln, memher n: large B
Donations to organisation fund.. ILM
Donation!   to   central   campaign
fund     <-°°
t -90
A number of Locals having failed to
•ur'i In the monthly report for May,
secretaries an- urgently requested io
•and In Jc.'i. reports when due. as the
Provincial Secretary would like to get
ii. •.•unh With all the Locals In the
Provincial Secretary.
An event of great Import In our estimation Ik the latest move of the proletariat of Germany and Austria to
organize anti-drink leagues. Dr! Fro-
lleh, of Vienna, started the propaganda against Intemperance among the
proletariat some time ago on the
ground of necessity from the point of
view of the class struggle. The working class, h" assumed, cannot emancipate' themselves or become the masters
of th* world until they make themselves worthy of this great achleve-
me-n. His efforts have brought results
beyond all expectations. Fired by a
new sens.- of their responsibility and
worth and the greatness of their cosmic m'sslon the workingmen are responding nobly to the appeal of this
evangelist It Is said that the brewery
and liquor trade of Central Europe is
suffering appreciably liefore this noble
evangelism. In fact. the capitalist
class of Germany became alarmed,
fearing a sober and earnest proletare
infinitely more than a besotted and degrade I proletarie and after much persecution escorted the Doctor out of
Germany. This act served only to re-
v-eal to the Socialist workingmen the
real nature of capitalist rule which
would deliberately poison its victims
in order to keep them in bondage, and
a wond.-rful stimulus was given the
What grander revelation could come
to us of the cosmic righteousness of
the class struggle and the social revolution than thl«? What a vision of
lhe   future   of   that   struggle   It   opens
up to us!   if it reveals anything, it
reveals the fact that the class struggle and the social revolution contain
within thems.-lves the elements of a
regenerated humanity and that the revolution Is destined to prepare us for
the mightier task it will bring — the
task of re-creating  the  world.
An nthelete tsk.-s off his coat to
fight, or strips to run a race. In the
last fierce grapple the proletariat must
lay aside all its handicaps If it win.
ll must make itself intellectually and
spiritually able to overcome the giant
of capitalism. And there ls nothing
so beautifully significant in thc whole
situation as the fact that the struggle
itself with Its pressing needs and re-
quiremeius generates the motive and
purpose that causes labor to thus trans
purpose that cause labor to thus
know of nothing In the whole range
of Ihe social movement more beautiful than this event of regeneration
through revolution. — Montana News.
"Two hundred and sixty needles per
minute, ten million match sticks per
day, five hundrel garments per day,
each by a machine tended by one little
boy. The newest weaving looms, run
through the dinner hour, and an hour
and a half after the factory closes,
making cloth, with no one to tend
them at all. The new basket machine,
Invented by Mergenthaler, the Inventor
of the linotype, Is now ln operation
everywhere, making fruit baskets and
grape baskets of a stun 'th and f|ual-
Ity never approar bed by hand labor.
Fancy a single machine that will turn
out completed berry baskets at the
rate of twelve thousand per day of
nine hours work! This is at the rate
of one thousand thiec hundred per
hour, e,r over twenty baskets per minute. One girl operating the machine
does the work of twelve skilled hand
operators." It Ig needless to point to
the various labor saving appliances
now used ln all tra-les In every direction but they have one and the same
eecinomlc result, and that ls to decrease
the employment of the laborer, and so
add to the number of the unemployed.
—Exchange. They must continue to
have this ic-siiit so long as they remain as capltali-ct property. When the
means of industry hive been converted into thc ool ec Ive or common property of the workers, the e lis Complained of will of neessl'y disappear. The
machine will then assume Its proper
function of lessening th e burden of toll
upon   human   shoulders.
_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-____    I
Some who started early are now selling ten 9
As a Provincial  i-le-ctlon  In   thc  Fall
Is by no means unlikely, the provincial
Executive Committee wishes to Impress
upon the members of H. <*. Locals the
Urgent necessity of prompt and early
"'"on  In  the  matter of  raising cam-
hnign funds.   Usually in the past this
"alter has been left till tho last moment, arid generally the result has bc.n
'hat some few Individuals have lieen
compelled to donate or advance the-
sums necessary for the currying on of
the campaign. This method Is mosl
unsatisfactory and unbusinesslike, (The
Provincial Executive is havinf print-
M a number of cnmpalgn furnl receipt
books, and Locals are urged to procure
'"""• from the Exocutlve Committee.
livery active member should be provided wllh otto nnd should be mil rust-
'•"K. Nnnnlmn Local, which took th.
'nllhillve In this mat lor. hns ordered
'■'■I books. The cost will be 10 cents per
'""k of r.0 receipts. Kvery receipt Is
'" be numbered and acknowledgement
"hoiilcl be made through the press hy
the receipt number of aaoh donation
"tiless Ihe donor desires his name published.
Vancouver Local regular business
meeting July 3rd. Minutes of previous
meeting  rcml   and   approved.   Two  ap-
Dltcnnts admitted to membership and
three new applications received.    Warrants authorised for
Kent  of Sullivan hall   t J.'.ft
Literature  agent     ll.Ro
Charwoman  50
The organiser reported that Comrade
Stephen WOttM be unable to deliver his
lid ure em July t5th. The organizer
was Instructed to secure Comrade
Pe-ttvplcce to fill that date. Comrade
Hunts was appointed chairman for
propaganda meeting July lT.lh.
Comntdei Peterson, Beeny, Stephens
and Walton were appointed n committee to arrange for papering hcti.lcjunr-
lleeelpts -
Collected at Sullivan hall t 4.1.r>
Literature sales   it--""
Hues     L50
Total    HT.-*
Nelson, B. C J«no nn. lMfi.
I   wish   to  enclose  n  short   report  of
,,„. masting addressed by Comrade
Hawthornthwaite lust evening, wm
also send vou copy of the following
morning edition of the Dolly News.
The editorial contained In It Is tine, for
It shows that the right spot was hit
when su. h a sore-headed tone Is shown
l„ It lt was line to see the sciulrm-
mgtbat WS. going On whenComnulc
H began to stick the auger Into them
, • ,", political part of his speech.
The'asked for nu'dlelnc nnd they cer-
t,   tyg.u It, and it did not taste good
if  we  had  Jim  *-P  t>ere  I
nrry   this  constlt-
Ruman nature has no more loathsome attribute than the noncomformlst
conscience, says Quelch in London
"Justice." That the Nonconformist
conscience does not lack Its counterpart in Canada has recently been made
manifest There has for some time
been cm exhibition In the window of a
local cigar store a picture advertising
a certain brand of cigars. Last week
some hen or hens of uncertain sex laid
information against the proprietor for
exposing In his window " a picture of
an Immoral and Indecent character."
They were however too cowardly to
appear against him in court, but they
certainly succeeded in advertising that
cigar store.
The picture represents a semi-nude
female figure clothed In a more or less
pensive attitude.
To the ordinary observer the picture
Is attractive as a work of art. The
drawing ts good, the flesh coloring excellent, the general execution finished.
To the prude, however, it brings sug-
gestlon eif nothing but thoughts umit-
terebly loathsome and vile. This Is
not the fault of the picture itself, hut
Is due to the morbid condition of the
prude's mind.
Not long since In Richmond. W. Vn..
the city fathers solemnly passed an ordinance forbidding lhe display In store
windows of corsets mounted on forms
and of ladles stockings drawn onto
dummy legs. All this reminds us of the
Old lady who objected to the bathers
across the river because she could see
them from her window—with a tele-
Scope, Indecency and Immorality scein
to havo their favorite habitat behind
the smug aspect and puritanical mien
of the prude. Such a creature ought
by no means to be allowed to poison
the atmosphere Inhaled by ordinarily
healthy human beings. It should be
despatched forthwith to some leper colony, where among the physically pointed may perhaps be found fit associates for the mentally gangrenous.
For the
Having been authorized by
tbe pubrshers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate-$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Cither renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
_^_b ah
|j copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents j*
9 a copy.    Send to   us for circulars and  wholesale x
_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_■_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_._■:  *
§ BOX 2064 NEW YORK. §
9 9
$ prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fail to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from the same
lex-ality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually In type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity In the
performance of their duties, even If
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition in the future.
I lie publication of perlo_ic_l_ of
every elocription la a specialty with
Thi* "Clarion." Telephone or write
for estimates. Every facility for mic-Ii
work, and promptness and satisfaction
Five Clarion sub. cards-
Five yearly sub. cards-
Five Clarion sub. eards-
by buying thb
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co*
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
|    Victoria   Advertisers     j
o o
Colonial Bakery
30  Johnson  St.,  Victoria.  B.C.
Delivered  to any  part ol the city.    Ask
Driver   to   call.     Thon*  849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
FOB   __   CHAraE
71 SmwHMit Stmt, VtatirU, S. C.
MMlfMtirtr tt
? Nt 8 Ctslrt St.
■* ig 3Cl *R
R RQ I SI h'K-1'
tci   the-m.
think   wc   would snn_ulnc
wise I "in not so sanguine-.
In  his
usnoy: oth*-**■-"■     ,„„, .,
own country.   "'   N, ',.    ,,„„   „,Ust
host to contest, ii"'''*-
gam largely, •■v'-(\,Tl;;;;;lKlim,a work.
of campaign
'" ft "°°a "Z St.rS"«a 1.. Nelson
There-   won'  M'*  VOW »   I
IiihI   preivlnc-iiil oectlon,
very evenly spin. «<' '•
nml  ihi-y  aro
f,>\v  over  200
■**rhat the Party is doing on the pacific
Coast  of  the  United  States,
528 Tele'-irai'li Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ton woetoi ton oentsj om* your, SO ots.
—while you're thinking.
0*\_ nilrt-i^*'
Victoria Representative for tho
Hearst publications, as follows: San
Frutci-Oo Examiner, i,os Angeles Est*.
aiiiliu r. t'lilcaKo American, New York
American. Hum on American; Hemic
mui Pnrm Weekly, Chicago; Cosmopolitan Magazine, New York.
Also agent for the following:
Seattle Times, Portland Oregonian.
San Francisco Chronicle, _os Angeles
Times. -
Prompt and regular dally delivery
service to subscribers.
Advertisements of every description
tnken for any newspaper.
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a El'It HAT see to It
that the Genuine Union Label Is sowed In it. If
a retailer has loose labels In his possession and
offers to put one ln a hat for you, do not patronize
him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfelta
The genuine Union Label Is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some limes perforated em threes edges,
and some times only on tvvo. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, ls a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOirrrr, Preakknt, orange, x. j.
MAHTIX   LAWLOIl, Secretary.  11 Waverly l-htcr,
tt.it unlay
-fe   .     :■ ■■
9 _ _  .________.  9
    — — __  ___._».__*._■■_■        __■■■_■       _M_»_->a__.__4_,a_ J__-
I    ___-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-__-_-_
__         Edited by It. P. PETT_PIECI<"-. to whom aU correepondence for tills department should ne addressed.
9 "   ----"**«__©»©•
On the wide, level reaches of the
rolling prairie that lie within the
shadows of the Albertnn foothills—
the last of thc once wild nnd woolly
West—the final act In the drama of
civilisation on this continent ls being
played, and tho last of the Canadian
cowboys, the "cow-punchers" of tho
real old kind. Is being backed up
against the western sky, with the
Hockies and the Pacific behind him.
No more do great herds of thousands of branded cattle roam the Northern ranges; no more do the echoes
of the pounding hoofs rumble in the
ravines to mingle with the rich OUTSCS
of "Curley" and "Shorty" or "Scotty"
and the rest of the "night shift."
"Cinchin" up" and "cuttln' out" an.l
"rustlln" " and "mavericks" will soon
be forgotten terms of a forgotten past.
The star of empire has taken Its
way In the direction Indicated by the
poet, and cities and farms and village:;
and hamlets are effecting one last
grand "roundup."
Every train from the South and East
is bringing In Its fullest capacity of"
new settlers, and where a few shoi t
years ago could be hoard the wil I
"hilloas" of the cowboy can be. hear I
the nasal twang of the Yankee, ths
burr of thc Northerner, mingled with
the jargon of Southern Europe In It-
many dialects. Where before the cattle grazed in peace, warmed by the
chlnook, thousands of acres of wheat-
fields now He. driving the rancher before them.—Daily press.
That civilization — capitalism — t.-i
reaching out after all the undeveloped territory in Canada ls self-evident
to any observer: but that such a move
is one of the last acts In the drama
of capitalist domination Is plain only
to the socialist. Canada is now in the
throes of capitalist development, and
must pass through the Industrial history of the United States in much less
time than the latter.
The sooner, the better.
In the process thousands of human
lives will be ground into profit, but
that Is a part of the price the workers pay for their economic ignorance.
The world market ls now an accomplished fact. All nations where
capitalist property rules, are seeking
market-places in which to get rid of
the products stolen from the workers
of their respective countries—through
the wage system.
When there is no longer a market
for this stolen product there will be
no profit In such thievery; capitalist
property will resolve Itself into an unprofitable instrument; hence must fall
of Its own weight
This peculiar form of property—
capital (that particular property used
to exploit labor)—must needs be supplanted by a system of property conforming to existent industry and the.
needs and requirements of the only
useful claas ln the world, the working class, be it by brain or brawn.
This transformation necessitates a
social revolution—a complete change.
The enslaved working class must get
together pollti- ally, as they are already Industrially, and seize the
reins of government, the instrument
used by the present capitalist ruling
claas to hold them in subjection.
As all the old parties—Liberal, Conservative, Independent, etc.—stand for
the perpetuation of the present form
of property, and the consequent destruction of private property, they fall
to fill the bill and must be wiped off
the map.
The only party on earth voicing the
Interests of the great robbed class is
the international Socialist Party—a
, party an big and ns broad as old capitalism itself. In fact lt ls but the
reflection of the growth of capitalism
upon the lives of the workers.
After securing the reins of government the Socialists propose, by
legal enactment, to convert capitalist
property—collective property used to
rob labor—into thc property of the
working class.
This accomplished, the production
Of food, clothing and shelter will be
carried on for the use and pleasure
of the people—or at least that portion willing and able to "divide up"
the work and hours of labor.
Did you ever notice that to-day
everything there ls no profit In. is already owned and operated by
the government? Hoads, trails, canals, bridges, harbors, mllltla, post-
office, schools, commercial agencies In
foreign countries, weather and crop
bulletin bureaus, Immigration agencies,. In fact everything there ls no
money in.
With industry carried on for use Instead of profit, the Incenttve to pilfer,
poison, prostitute, adulterate, squeeze,
drive and crush, will be largely removed.
Government—class rule—as such,
will go by the board, and an industrial administration will take? the
place of political intrigue.
Instead of the C. P. It. declaring a
dividend—clear stolen surplus value
—of $14,000,000 last year, for men
who merely own bonds but do no useful work, thnt amount would be added to the product—"wages"—of its
employees. This, of course, on the assumption that a like change has been
made wilh other industries collectively used, and that the production of
te. above amount was based on, say,
a six-hour working day for each participator In the production thereof.
Had I my choice of all the years ln
which   to  live,   I   would  choose  from
now till 1920.
During that period society will have
made the change above noted; not because "socialists say so; but because
it Is the next stage in human evolution.
To watch its opponents squirming
and making weakly efforts to stem the
onward tide of socialism; and to seethe international rearing of the Red
Flag of Urotherhood (the same color
as the blood which courses ln all our
\eins) Is Indeed most Interesting.
Especially so. to the worker who can
appreciate thnt for the first time on
earth since tho appearance of human
slavery, the members of his class are
soon to be liberated from the chains
of slavery and stand forth free men
and free women!
Vancouver wago-slavos will do their
part In the coming Provincial campaign. The Vancouver Local of the
8. P. will have Ave straight uncompromising revolutionists in the field,
and enough votes will be added to the
1140 votes already polled In this City
to help make matters mighty interesting for the ruling class of this Province.
The printers' ink of the paid press
and decoy old-party labor-skates, will
avail the job-owners little comfort.
The workers of this City tire determined to help break class-rule, and
rid themselves of the political rubbish
above referred to.
And I believe they will.
We shall see what we shall see.
Address io the Citizens of Kevi'lstokc
on the Political Situation.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite began his address oh Tuesday night by stating the
Socialist Party had determined to send
himself and other Speakers on a campaign of the Dominion, but since then
it appeared there is to be a general
election In British Columbia, necessitating a change of programme. He
was now iMlclressing a series of meetings throughout the Province, and
would probably also hold some meetings in Alberta.
The subject of socialism was a
scientific one and one of the most
eliiiicult problems with political economists. He contended profits were not
made by adding to the cost of production but amounted to what was
termed "surplus value." Labor power
created value greater than its own,
and that "surplus value" went to the
capitalist. Socialists were sometimes
accused of using hard language by
accusing the capitalist class of being
He Intended to repeat that accusation, and 'to accuse the capitalist clues
of thriving upon robbery and theft as
they (the workers) were not paid for
the surplus value resulting from their
own production. In the United States
the wage eurners were thus robbed of
four-fifths of their own production,
that is to say of all the product of a
day's labor over and above two hours
per day, went to the capitalist, and the
worker was not paid a cent for that
surplus product.
Socialists argued that captlalism had
completed its development, and the
next stage of evolution that they
would be compelled -to accept and
adopt was Socialism. Capitalism must
fall down, whether
or by peaceful methods. In Vancouver they hud boosting clubs, trying lo
make a big city. What was the effect
on society of big cities? In New York
there were 500,000 women and children
compelled to work in the mills. In this
country the majority of them lived In
homes which were little better than
2x4 shacks not fit to house a dog. Of
400,000 homes In New lork only 9,000
were owned and the balance wore rented.
Capitalism not only
of the product of their toll, but destroyed private property, enforcing on
men not only total enslavement but
deeper degradation, as witnessed by
the fact of large families being forced
under capitalist conditions to live ln
one room where decent conditions
could not prevail. He wished he could
stir ihem up to be men and no longer
submit to the degradation to which
they were subjected. Their homes
were nothing more nor less than
for the capitalist market. They were
educated, It was true, but Just as far
as was necessary for ,the uses of the
capitalist. He believed the necessary
change would not come Jty. peaceful
means. In the United States he was
satisfied capitalism would go down ln
a  sea  of blood.
In  this country, In which they were
fortunate  enough    to live    under  the.
British  (lag,   they had   <he .means of
peacefully changing the order of things
and  by their ballots throwing off the
yoke of the capitalist class.    By legal
enactment  they  could  tiike possession
of the  means    of   wealth  production.
The capitalists accused them of
Al!   capital   was  produced   by   labor
and  was not  being  paid   for.    Where
then   did   the    confiscation    come   In?
They  were  asked   how they  were  going to  make     compensation for such
confiscation.    That was not  the question that troubled him.   The question
with  him  wus how were •the working
classes to be compensated for the misery, the toll and degradation which
thoy had borne under the yoke of capitalism? When the capitalists answered that question ho was prepared.
to consider compensating  them.
He came now to discuss wllh them
the position of himself nnd colleigues
who had been sent to the legislature
to represent the Socialist Party. Until
they were returned In sufficient force
to capture the reins of power they
which thoy wished, and all they could
do was to try to carry through the
provincial legislature some palliative*
and try to relieve the pressure. There
was but little they could do. They
could not improve their wages. All
they could do was lo protect the lives
and limbs of their fellow-workers ns
well as they could, and thut had been
their principle object and aim. A
number hud said, "Why don't you line
up with the Liberal party—the Reform
IKirty? By that means you can do
more than at the presen time." His
answer was that thoy could not reform
capitalism. Hon. John Burns, n labor
M. P.. supposed to be a labor representative, refused to meet a labor deputation the other dny. and told them he-
could do nothing for them.
The Liberals said they jiropose.l to
nake reforms and did not do so. The
Conservatives said chey were willing td
grant such reforms as do'not Interfere
with capitalism. Neither party proposed to Introduce or force through a
single bill that interfered with capitalist progress. The working classes ure
lecelvlng themselves In supporting
the old parties. Take the great L.jeral
reformer, John Oliver. What did he
do? He Introduced a bill to prevent
poisoning torn cats. (Laughter.) Take
thnt other great Liberal reformer, W
W. B. Mcinnes. What did ho do? Be
proposed a bill to prevent the wander
ing of scrub bulls. (Renewed laughter.) How could he line up with such
men? (Cheers.) McNiven, suppostd
to be a labor representative, believed
in the eight-hour law; but did not be
lievo in enforcing It. 'Ine Llbera's
were their opponents. The Conservatives said, "Capitalism is good enough
for us." Better to be allied wilh l
party whose position thoy knew de-fi
nltely than with one definitely opposed to them.
He Introduced more legislation and
passed it than all the Liberals (cheers)
He introduced sixty or seventy bills
and passed half of them. (Renewed
cheers.) 9Y~
In the Coal Mines Regulation Bill
be introduced a proviso that foremen
and managers should puss an examination in giving first aid to the injured
These reform people protested against
it on the ground that a foreman or
manager might not be able to stand
the sight of blood. Peterson, another
Reform member, said the working
clusses were too much educated. One
Id!! in which ho must say a good word
for the Liberals was that conferring
They also had a good supporter of
that measure in Revelstoke in Aid.
Tapping, who wrote hlmseveral letters
in support of the measure. If they
did their duty to Aid. Tapping they
would see that he was a candidate for
mayor next year and that he was elected. (Laughter.) He looked on that
ns one of the great reforms wanted,
and considered It on outrage that one
half or their population should be deprived of the franchise, while Indiums
and Hindoos (whom they were now
Importing) might have it. They talked
about civilisation. Why, they were
Just emerging from barbarism, and he
know no greater civilising force than
the enfranchisement of their mothers,
wives and sisters. He hopeu ulS time
would come when that measure would
become law. and he would never relax
his efforts until It did. (Cheers.) Thnt
bill was opposed by most of the Conservative party—a lot of
and ihey succeeded In killing It.
(Laughter.) He thanked the Lllieral
members of the House for their support of that bill. That wns not the
policy of the Liberal party however,
because Premier McBride and j. A.
Maceionnld, leader of the opposition,
voted against It. Neither of the old
parties stood for the enfranchisement
of women.
,   He carried a  bill    to    enable trades
unions   to   exist   without   their   funds
being liable to attachment on account
of   strikes as the result of    the Taff
Vale   decision,   and   he  got   this  done
before  the other members had awakened to the fact of whnt It'meant.   He
also Introduced a bill to make nn employer liable to ii  penalty of »1,000 for
discriminating  against    n  member  of
a union, but failed to mnkn It law.
He got the   eight-hour   day In conl
mines made law, but could not get It
to apply to smelters.   Next year, however,   It  would    be  carried.    (Cheers.)
He accused  Mr. Maedonald, leader of
the opposition, of blocking lhat, ns be.
had  told the smelter people that they
had better concede that voluntarily or
It would    be made   Ihw, and  so that
gentloman had provided the argument
which   was   successfully   used   against
him.    Don't  blame  him    or   Comrade
Williams for any failure to do more.
Blame themselves. Tiny were going
to have another chance, and don I
make tho same mistake. If thej
would give tho Socialists nine instead
of two members he WOUld undertake
that every bill thut they deemed necessary would become law.
If two mon could hold up ■'•» members for throe years as he and Comrade
Wllllnms had done and make the
trouble they had, what trouble could
they not make with nine? (Cheers.)
They were accused of voting for land
subsidies and the Knl-en Island deal.
Ile did not vote for a single subsidy-
he voted against every one. Since the
present government came Into power
there had not boon a single subsidy
bill Introduced. He supported the Col-
umbiu & Western UIU because it was
a bill reciting the railway company had
complied with the conditions e itltllng
it to the laud subsidy, but that subsidy had boon twice confirmed at pro-
vlous sessions. Some asked lilm why
he hnd voted for the question at nil.
having given his pledge to vo,e ugeilnsl
all subsidies to railways. Some of the
Conservatives  were  trying   to  hold   up
tiie government, and if be bad not voted with Ihem the government would
have been defeated, and the Liberals
Would have come Into power. Thoy
also got two Important bills passed as
the result, the redaction of the election
depoolt to $ino uml the amendmeiM to
enable a man to transfer his vote. If
the Columbia „ Western had not be-
!• ,.111.' law these other bills could not
nave become law. If the Liberal party
had not believed It possible to defeat
the government 00 the bill they would
never have opposed It. Land grunts
and bonuses were no business of the
working classes anyhow. They did not
pay the taxes, us all land was held by
the capitalists. Labor produced ail
weakh and the capitalist class striped
everything. Tho two hundred million
acres of land in the province wore absolutely worthless to tiiein. He would
not take thc whole bunch as a g.fl.
Ho had also supported reducing the
exemption of taxation on the small
farmer to ll.OOU, the same as :ho work-
.rs and every Liberal and Conservative
voted against It. He defended the
Kal-en Island deal, and said lawyers
and reiil estate agents were a bad lot
anyhow. The government charged the
Anderson's $i an acre, and same pries
us ihey would have charged anybody
else, and the Interests Of the- provisos
were protected by tho reservation of
the Water front and every fourth section. It was a business deal, and th--
best that ever went through in the history of the House    (Cheers.)
He advised them to turn out K.ih
parlies. They were all rascals. The
Socialists had Introduced moro laws for
the benefit of lalior than over before
in the history of the Dominion. Tlie-ic
was a provincial election coming on.
It had he-en said lhat ho was the virtual premier of Hritish Columbia. He
knew Dlek Mcltrldc would got ready
for the election, and he knew the- Liberals were also getting ready. So far
as ho was concerned tho working
classes of British Columbia would be
aroused.    He asked them  to
del up and be men nnd they would
find who the cowards wore. These
capitalist cowards came to him and
said, "Mr. Hawthornthwaite, we a ie
store you aro a reasonable man and
would tike you to take n favorable
Mew of this nnd thai." He asked them
to do thoir duty nt tho coming ol -, -
After a question und explanation
the meeting adjourneel. and a gathering of those Interested In Ihe Socially
Party wns afterwards held to discuss
the situation and consider future arrangements.- Malt-Herald.
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
 1-RiiMI'T SAI.Hfc 0-ICK HHTt.'Bju
Cor. Abbott IMA, Cordova Ste. Old Cos. Building.
"4;. de Ion ('renin antl llnr-t on Oim-
Mile, and IVnllllim em lhe Oilier."
—A liHi-ttlnlan i**H»fU_MH, llul
l*«lls in See* Hint CrlniliMiliig) Is
i'l-cxlue-i  nf CapitalisMi.
"1. glial elimination" Of thc criminal, not capital punishment, but simply
putting out of the wny a nicim.-e. to ob-
eloty. was the plan ndv.s.;iti*.l by Or
Prank I.yelaton Of this CoWm Of Physicians nnd Surgeons Inst w.*ek at tin-
Wool Sl.lu Auditorium.
( To this he added thnt the child pri-
mat Ily has not moral 00—00, Is ■ little
animal, a little inotik-y. nnd can. If
let stone*, uso Its ^<--^ and finger* ns
well as any of Its simian ancestor*.
He asserted Ihe eh II mOMttlMO 'has
a "dog conscience." Il re-all*-*** there
Ih a S| linking ut ont- side- and 0O!l ly Ol
the- other, nnd by thai compass I!
guides Its conduct Later, that*. I* I
'golden crown nnd harp >.:i OM side.
.Hit! p-rcjltion on th.- other." and th-
ehllel Is taught tci ke-ep tho same sort
of   "dog OOSOdOBOO*1   III   sotre  00000.
"Any one. alp >.-t. If ho or she is
nol u ruvlng timnlne, . an g.-l a muring., license. That Is the first cause."
said I>r. l.ydst..n. "A chl el of parent*
who heve nothing to give- It but slelc-
DOOOi or worse, some dim* eso. some
mental taint or physical deformity
whieh wnrjm the mind, cannot compel-.
In Iho world. Me rinnnl understand
it. Suppose- his parents die. There is
thut child 1 ft alone In mnko his way-
He n,list live.. Hon.st ly If he e.-in. If
he enn understand what It moans, bul
he must live. Society deies nol «|o anything for him until he steals an.| th>-n
It locks him up. unci If then- Is anything lacking In his crtmlnnl ..in. a-
llon,  the pcnnl  institution  |s*rfi*"is it
"Wo have had e-ipital punishment
for years, but still crime Is slowly on
the IncfOMOi ni.d no Insanity. If a man
is a hopeless criminal d.-g.-tioiato, .|..n't
punish him In hat-, make' him tho
subject of 'I .gle-.il elimination.' It is
better for him nnd vastly more so fe>r
tho eeimtnunity."
The Other IVIIowV Opinion.
(fay* the Mall-Herald: It Is state!
thut II. N. Coursler will bo sele*ctel
as the sociulist candidate for Ilcvel-
stoke at next election. Mr. Coursler
Is with Iho exception of Mr. BeiUtetl
probably the strongest man ihe part-
could bring forward.
JoMph Martin, K. C: "Your paper
Is certainly n good ono. I think it I'
ono of the best I've soon. Please put
my name clown on your subscription
list, and soo thnt I got It."
So   writes  Joe     .Martin     to  a   locai
monthly exponent of Gothardltnf, m
no other  policy  has  been  nnnouncecl
tho above in significant.
»..*.*.* There Is the clangor that
If we remain Inactive in fin-e- of the
favorable conditions, the various middle clnss reform movements which
have already made their appearance in
important ce*ntres of the country, will
take a I vant age of the popular sentiment, nnd will divert lt from our path.
It, therefore, becomes our duty moro
thnn ever to strain nil our energies towards nn energetic and effective campaign of Socialist education, and to
carry our propaganda to every part
of the country. I believe thnt with
proper work and enthusiasm, we can
succeed In organising almost every
district In thc country, nnd I have no
doubt that lf our Provincial Executive Committee displays a proper spirit and activity In conducting the campaign, the Socialists of British Columbia, affiliated and unaffiliated, will
see to It that the necessary funds ure
Thnt John llnrns. who was at ma
time ■ powerful figure in the Knglish
labor movement, is to pay dourly feer
his npostaoy to lalior In aiiepllng emoluments at the hands of th>- llrltlsli
ruling class, may 1"- men from tie-
following clipped from the Spec la! e.,|.
responelence lo the Londof) l,alser I.. i-
"It wns a melancholy afternoon for
Mr. John Hums. Ho had evidently
primed blms.lf carefully for the ....
oaslon. lie hnd unearthe*d his old
tags, ho had prc'sired some now hits
and his words were as long and his sentences quit* as leompoiis as usual. Mm
somehow or other his own friends dt.t
not appear to rise to his baits as thoy
have done In tho olden dnys. There
was something that grated In In .
speech. The Labor men nskod for
bread, nnd ho gave them a stone. Thoy
pleaded for tho unemployed, and he
gave thorn Jibes about "elosshoiise economists" and "soup kit. Ion reformers." Once or twice there was slight
laughter as the President dellvorcel
himself of these portontlotM sentences
but for thc most pnrt thoy wore hoard
in chilling silence."
This is Our
without     reservation     ol    ts*
*l"hi>  choice  of   hundreds   ol   in. B'i«
|«>rlily   tailored   and   fault]     l.  yl
tonc<i $ir. t0 f'JO Buiu foi
Full anel e-omplct.- Iii n aimm
every style — garm.i;'-. n.n- ((n
mado   to sell    at  oitno <    tui>« <*
prices   now   ssl.eeil   for   the m   are-   hot
in n profusion of otylrs snd ..
Never    ln-fore    wan    on- ilsioi ■%
give most  for your  mow et
lv demonstra««I
Ill Carts** Street
.'▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼'Wff tTV*t*tlf1f
NAR0WARE and      \
Second Hand Dealer*.
h   i J
Cook     BtOVOO     and    Tl
HpoUtlty. |
We buy and wall oil Indi - }
■rrap met-al, obi me fa owy, $
rubber,   sacks,  bottles,    '
Hior.«—1.18 Oordovo St., K, ♦
hardware A junk. Inl l'o- il j
St., new nnd ****cond hand for* ♦
I *•*•_•■• IS7I
Vaicomr, B S J!
>** *******
Telephone SS91
Sanitary Kiport*. Plumblnf In •"
Ha branches. l-'.-.tiin.i- f-ir»i_«ed.
Itepnlrs,   stove GMUMClions,  »U
III WttTHlRSTCR ML, Ct,rr«**l Nr
I'lrsl Class llnr.        Dx.-e-lle nl   llesiiii.-c.
Piii-e* Moderate-.
Single cop|.-s. :, rents. »
copies, :•!, cents. If, copies, l<
rents;    40     copies.   11 • I*"
coplos nnd over, 1 rents i"'r
These rnles Incliol. ! -11-'
lo any purt of Canada n t",*>
UnttOd   Kingdom
"The Western Clarion
CPrTmC     Practical BM>
.   TLICnd   agd shM Miki
llstid.Mmti- Pools snd Shore Iii ,il" '"
sll slyte-«. KrpnliliiB pr-impll) " "''.',
ly eloiir.     Slexk   of Staple:   rrn.ly-**-*0*
Mice « iel».iv« 'HI ll"1"1
1456 ViitaiMter Ave       «o_m Pieaiia*-
And now It has been discovered that
a supply of bombs has been manufactured for the purpose of hoisting tho
King of Italy over the great divide.
This King business Is getting to be so
dangerous as to threaten its becoming
unfashionable. It's snfer to be brake-
man, or a switchman, or even a worker In a powder mill. Anel besides It's \
more useful withal.
noi si:Ki:i<:pi:itH:   \t yc... „m, f)as for fUP| instead -.r <   '| Ml
Wood, yo„ have at least an hour more each dav for Other H'nik   "r
for recreation.
The reduction In thc price of *f**a.l fiaB,  which ifoes l"i" ,fr''1
In July, places this convenience  within the. rench of nil.
We sell the (las Hot Plates nn.l Itnngcn at 0081 price.
Tl:iel''PIION|.'. 31---und  our reprnsenlntlve will e-nll and give >'""
full particulars.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.


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