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The Western Clarion Jun 10, 1905

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\ T Published in the Interests of the Working Class Albne. %S
, - b,  ;- i  —— 1  1 -. tiLL1,''? .1 - JtbUx—-—*"^- |i ——i—_  -     • i ;
THI"   I
\ 24.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, June io, 1905.
1 1        hi      1 m 1 id'
subscription Prise
Psa V»»»
Other Hatters Relatiag to the Movoaeot ia tho Ontario Metropolis
I line
Joseph Wanhops addressed
soO men and women at the
Temple Toronto, on Sunday, May
28 the' hall being filled to overdow-
*"' Comrade Wanhops delivered a
orceful and intelligent address on
|J„, mists and the unemployed problems his exposition of the Socialist
Isition on these propositions being
remarkably similar to that of the
alitor of W'ilshire's Magazine, for
which tl"' comrade is travelling. The
U1IK wus appreciated by all present
11S a clear exposition of the econo-
volution. While emphasis wus
,,ii the inevitability of Social-
Comrade Wanhope urged every
.r to enlist as a propagandist in
,.   . ocialisl  party.
Comrade James Simpson spoke
briefly, explaining, how he had voted
alone again when he moved the strik-A
lag nut of an appropriation to re-
palr tho ceiling of an armory in the
.liii-vis street (Collegiate school, as
instructed by Iho educational committee of the Socialist local.
Another s|ieaker was a Finnish
comrade with a paid-up curd in the
Socialist local of San Francisco. lie
is organizing the '-'inlanders as So-
nulisls and suys 100 out of 400 of
Ins countrymen in Toronto subscribe
(ur Sociulist papers. They are evidently more intelligent than the
English-speaking workingmen, not
un.' in a hundred of whom are willw^
tn forego booze and tobacco enough
to subscribe for a Socialist sheet.
The writer, as chairman, drove this
point home and secured two subs.
[fur the i Marion and one for the Toledo Socialist,  as a  result.
Toronto   Socialists  regret  to  hear
il   the   very   serious   illness  of   Com-
(kI.•  Ur.   Titus,   who  will   leave   for
Seattle  this  week  if  strong   enough
to travel,     His  health  is  broken  as
|n result of over-work and it is'hoped
jthat   he    will    recover    after  a    few
nonths of absolute rest.    The move-
limit  has too few of his type nnd in
hose days of compromise can  ill-af-
ord t<> lose a fighter of his courage
nml ability,
Ihe Socialist class here has dis-
ontinued its week,ly meetings, which
ill be resumed in September.     Eco-
omic ileteriiiintsm and the rlass-
tniggle are a great deal better un-
lersfood us a result of tlhe clnss
neetings held so for.
Comrade Wanhops addressed seven
noetlags in Ontario; the meetings \to-
ng arranged by the following: John
lltrton, r'ingnl; ll. N. Price, St.
Minimis;   Wm.   Wilkinson,     Ingersoll:
Isaac Kdwards, Woodstock; Wm.
I'eard, Gait, O. H. Townsend, Smith-
ville; 11. O. Johnston, 316 Herkimor
street, Hamilton, and the Socialist
local, Toronto.      I
FJTorts should be made next fall
to revive the Ontario Socialist Party. Besides the above places, Uuelpfa
(Lome Cunningham), Lindsay (Fred
Burke), nnd Port Arthur (K. C. Jordan), hnve Socialist dubs, organizations or comrades paying dues to no
central body. It should not require
a Socialist organizer to induce them
to get in line with their class by organizing locals in alllliation with the
Socialist Party of Canada. And all
should be receiving a bundle of
Clarions  weekly.
According to press reports Comrade James Simpson has just been
elected to three important positions
by the Typographical Union. While
he piclabli finds time to attend
union meetings, Toronto local has
twice recently expressed its disapproval by resolution of the comrade's
repeated absence from business meetings. The members feel that as an
elected comrade it is Comrade Simpson's duty to attend every business
meeting in order that he may properly represent the Socialist Party.
Members of the local heartily commend the work he is doing on the
School Hoard but they want him to
be an active party member as well
as a good Socialist, representative.
Weston Wrigley.
Toronto, May 29,  1905.
With only an old bacon box as her
shelter a woman has lived a hermit's
life for more than two years in a
lonely spot in Derbyshire, says the
London Daily Chronicle. The other
day the police visited her retreat,
and compelled her to seek a new
"home" elsewhere.
The woman's name is Alice Grace,
and she is forty years of age. She is
a simple, harmless woman, who ii
said to have been once well off, but
hns experienced many changes of fortune. She has been living on a triangular piece of waste land about
five yards sipiaro, in the beautiful
Derbyshire district known as ?he Cox
Bench Valley.
Along one side runs a stream of
pure water from a neighboring spring
whence she got her water supply.
The retreat is a secluded by-road
leading to tho woods and hills which
'form   the   end   of   the   Pennine  chain
between Cox Bench and the Derwent
Her belongings on this little plot
consisted of an old bacon box, in
which she crouched in wet weather,
an old iron bedstead and a few bedclothes, a three-legged chair, a table-
top without legs, cooking utensils,
three buckets and a bowl. She had
three wooden chests, in which she deposited such things as she wished to
keep from exposure to wind and
It was her popularity which resulted in her removal. No one thought
of interfering with her until she was.
recently discovered by an exploring
photographer who took her picture.
Since then she has figured as a romantic hermit on picture post cards.
In consequence she received a visit
from hundreds of people, and was
given considerable sums of money.
Recently someone laid claim to tne
piece of land on which she lived,
though it is not known whether it
is private or public property. The
hermit, was visited by the police,
who told her that if she did not de
part in three days her goods would
be confiscated and she would be locked up. Choosing an old disused
quarry a tew hundred yards away as
her future home, she moved to her
new quarters—a task which occupied
her from seven o'clock until
■midnight. Many      people     have
visited her now quarry home,
and much sympathy is felt for her.
She once lived in it work-house, but
declares that she will never enter
one again.
The above is clipped from an 10nfc-
lish paper. We are, however, unable
to sec any romance ib it, but on the
contrary It appears as a tragedy I
emphatically condemnatory of that,
brutal civilization that makes such ,
a tale of poverty and squalor possible. That, this unfortunate creature
Should prefer the habitation above
described, to that of an English
workhouse s|ieaks volumes for that
shining land-mark of England's .-reat-
ncss. The coarse vulgarity that
could make this wretched- woman's
misery a subject of picture post
card notoriety, is typical of the age.
English Brand Appears to be Neither ilsofol Mr Ifwumta'
We   recogni.e   the   diffluulties    with  shameful   discourtesy    shown to the
which   the  Labor    members have  to lmen of Kaunds by a Minister of the
contend;   we     are    anxious    to   give !
Crown, but that Gribble had to   do
it himself, in a most unorthodox and
them  credit   lor    anything   they  do, irregular  fashion.     No
and   not   to   be   too   censorious   over  '
their shortcomings.    Hut really it is
not easy   to see what  useful purpose
they  serve.     "l*rTcy  rally   to  the  sup-
The young Italian  Socialists have has come  into  their     eyes    through
been holding a congress in which anti-mi lit a tism   was  the   chief subject
discussed.     The  general   remarks    of-which shows the consciousness of the
Avanti, the dally Socialist paper,
with regard to the characteristics of
the young men, will be found of interest to Socialists everywhere. The
journal in question says: "We should
like to call attention to the fact that
the seriousness and calmness with
which the subjects under discussion
were approached give us confidence
that- the young Socialists will be
found of great assistance to our party. There were none of the characteristics which usually mark conventions composed of young men—rambling, over-ponderousness aad the
contrary; but .marked attention to
the minutiae of the problems presented for solution and a Oneness in
the settling of them all. And*this
is sufficient to nourish the hope in us
that the young Italian SociaMsts will
be able to perform their duty. In
comparison with the torpidity of tha
young men of the bourgeoisie class,
which has lost all sympathy and
fineness, and is satisfied with debauchery and idleness, it is comforting to note the vitality displayed by
the proletarian youth. It grows
from the vigor of the soil which it
tills, and from the continual labor
in which it passes its days, a new
force which will be developed in the
battles it fights and the struggles in
which it engages.    The sadness which
long and hitter toil  is not more noticeable than the light of intelligence
destiny of the proletariat. This new-
blossoming of human consciousness
on the tree of youth which gives itself to an idea and is consecrated to
a cause is much more beautiful than
we could hope for under the present
conditions.—Austin Lewis in Socialist Voice.
blame whatever attaches to him. The blame is
theirs who, while claiming to represent the proletariat, are too busy
following the lead of the bourgeois
politicians. Things have come to-a
fine pass when a Liberal paper like
the Daily News complains of the su-
pincnoss of the Labor members, and
declares that a real Labor Party is
wonted.—London   Justice.
This is quite in contrast to the
action of the two Socialists in the
Provincial House. Certainly no. Liberal sheet in British Columbia
would complain of their supineness.
This old labor-member.farce is about
played out. It never had anything
behind it anyway to give it life and
vigor. It served merely as a haWdy
subterfuge under cover of which decoys and nonentities of .the Belf*
■ ... .Smith  type    could  be  sneaked into
possessed thfc pluck and -go" of an pariiamenTand used astJwWrU.
equal number ol Irishmen they £ols of the partieTof cafSal .^5.
would have made it impossible tor entire tren<1 'of ,,,,„ tm^T^ |2_
any other question to be considered ;to emasculate env genuine mom
until   thu,   Imd   i„„n  deal    with.    But ;of   Lahor   ft| ;,*>.,       p^ESSr
tHex were too respectable to say a ary lines. W|fen the nfSaMmaas%
word   when   a   deputation   from    the  spirit  of  JjihoT lommy
unemploylrd   attended   the   House   of
Commons.     Moreover,
port of the Opposition, and vote
steadily against the government at
the bidding of ihe Liberal Whips;
hut that any ordinary capitalist Liberal could do. They arc enthusiastic
in their support of tlie juroposed Women s [enfranchisement Bill, but it
was not exactly for the support of
such measures that the organized
workers fdyye been at the trouble and
expense Of (promoting Labour representation. And there are so many
things u Labor Party cduld do.
There was I Ik; question of the unemployed.     Had the  18  I^ibor members
expresses itself., ia
{'parliamentary action,  its repreesnta-
they  resented | tipes will not sit supinely through a
nit   t.himico via 'i :.....i...     ,_ r   . ... "V
the idi'n that anybody but themselves;legislative  session,   but  will  persist'
-the   elected   representatives   Qf   IA-Wlv Wish th« aJn^A. JI ^
The National Association of Manufacturers in convention assembled
have reaffirmed their "adherence to
the principle of the open shop as
embodying the true spirit of Amem-
can liberty in industrial affairs."
The American liberty referred to is
capitalist liberty, which is the only
sort of liberty that stands a ghost
of a show in these stirring times.
It is about time the workers declared for the principle of an open shop
tnat would embody the true spirit
of Labor's liberty in industrial affairs. Such a declaration, and the
carrying of it out, involves the overthrow of the rule of capital and its
production  for  profit,   and  the esta-
bor—should 'dare to claim to speak
on behalf of any section of the working class, unemployed or other. That
would not have mattered if only they',
would do something themselves; but
they will neither speak nor act themselves, nor let other people.
same, in u measure, with the Huunds
strikers.     When   it
Mr.   Arnold-Korster
ently push the demands of the workers to the front, in season and oat.
Nothing short of the revolutionary
spirit can make a labor movement, and enthuse its spokesmen
with irrepressible courage and acti-
vity. To imagine Socialist rep-sine sentatives sitting mum in a house pf
parliament in the presence of on tan-
was   known  that o,„p|0yed  problem,   is  a  matter  UO-
111(1  refused  to   thinkable.     When  the  English cess-
see  the  mens  deputation,  a question 'rat!es   have   preMeH   torwSd. ■'—,'Wa
should  have  been  raised  on  the sub-  know   they   will,   to   the  tiros   whan
ject  in  the  House of Commons, and <(ne   H,ouJ of   commons  225
have  been  given    tJh«* ] tain
I no rest should have been
G overmuch I uniil some satisfactory
explanation was forthcoming. The
! Irishmen make stir enough over an
assault alleged to have been committed on one of their number; but of
course nn Irish member of Parliament is of vastly more importance
than any number of unemployed Bri-
blishment of the workers' control of Itish workmen. That, undoubtedly,
industry, with production carried on is tho view of the majority of the
for the sole purpose of supplying the 'members of the House of Commons;
workmen and their families with I but it is not the view- the Labor mem-
needful things. Dy all means let us jhors are suppose! to represent, and
have the open shop, open to all , it certainly reflects no credit on them.'
workers, hut forever closed against ;tliat not one of their number had the
exploiters of labor. Icourage  to call    attention    to    the
a strong Socialist delegation,
the complaint of the Liberal prats
will be of a different character.
A German physician has discovered
a new antitoxim, which he calls the
"essence of strength," by the ass pf
which the power of any animal, man
of man, may be nearly doubled. Ilia
should be hailed as a boon by aid
duffers who have been discarded from
industry because of the crime of
having passed the 35-year mark. By
taking an occasional pantile of the
new essence they will be enabled to
hold down a job as longshoremen.
Agnosticism the Scape-Goat for the Crimes of Capital*;
"i i ■
"Ihat the future of England, as
led other countries at a like degree of
Culture, depends on its attitude to-
Iward the secularist or agnostic view
Im' life und action, 1 am convinced,"
■declares I»r. William Hurry, tho well-
Iknown novelist aud priest. He limls
Jtliut the agnostic, through his iuubi-
JlltJ "to discover und to establish a
■code of morula that should muke for
■progress/' is the herald, and in no
Isinull measure the cause, of social
[decay.    To the plea that agnosticism
into them, that a revolution in
thought is always the beginning,
wherever some great cosmic influence
—some glacial period or some abnormal increase of temperature—can not
be invoked. A glacial period, truly,
is setting in; but of the mind, not of
the globe. And its name is agnosticism. The intellectual sun is darkened; human life is moving away
from the centre of light towards the
depths of space. Men and women
shape  their conduct  more and  more
■does not necessarily repudiate Chris-  as if there were no God.
Itnin ethics,  Dr. Marry answers:    "As
■for religion,   Christian or any  other,
■when its dogmas are no longer   bo-
"For look at tho facts and figures.
Social   misery   is  always  with  us in
lieved, ,ts ethics pass away, by shoer..^*3'***** f^S^i t0n X Tr£
logical necessity; in obedience to that H * •"" '.,,ns> w,ho R,e on ^ bn«*
of destitution.    Degeneracy has   be-
|iti8tlnct  which  is ever rounding   our
existence   into   an     ordered   whole."
|And society, he claims, has already
'to an amazing extent," translated
•he agnostic views into a code of
conduct, with results that he indicates (in The National lteview, London) ns follows:
'Wo hold that civilization, hero in
Kngland, oversea in tho United
States, in Australia, and coming
sack to the Old World, ubove all in
Prance, is exposed to a great danger,
mid may, during the twentieth c,en-
tury, enter on a period of decline.
We boll eve that period has begun in
franco, which seems to have lost tho
power of selecting fit governors, und
utterly given over lo Mullhusian
practices. But wo observe the like
phenomena, due to not unlike causes,
'hough not yet on so large a scale,
'" (Ireat Mriinin and many of its
dependencies; while in the United
States a dissolution of marriage
seems to be spreading far and wide.
'Hie Puritan families, on which the
greatness of America was founded,
u'e dying out of tho land thoy refuse
to occupy with their descendants,
President "Roosevelt, who is alarmed
at the reign of trusts, now calls for
legislation to stem the tide of divorce. These are grave symptoms,
not confined to nny one race, constitution, or social degree, in the hundred and seventy millions who wo
"my describe ns the vanguard of progress. I will not extend the survey
across the Ithine, although dn Ger-
"tnny, too, and elswhere on that
Side, the prospect is assuredly disquieting. Hut when we perceive
whole nations liablo to one disease,
Which every year returns only to
multiply its ravages, wo aro led to
Imagine that it cannot have in these
various countries different causes;
•'•it that a certain kind of atmos-
FUioro and climate favor the deadly
' what, wo ask ourselves, has happened to bring about this plague and
lo give it strength? In social changes
"  will   be   seen,   if   we  look  closely
come so menacing that royal commissions muke it the subject of their
inquiries. Crime docs not diminish,
though it changes its character from
violence to cunning and robs where
it used to commit murder. Outrages
due to the animal passions aro every-,
where greatly on tho increase. Low
birth-rates, as wc have seen, bear
witness to the number of fraudulent
marriages, never so frequent or so
largely approved at any previous
time in our national history, which
from this point of view is now comparable to that of the declining Ho-
man Empire. Divorces have i grown
to be familiar among tho wealthy
clusses; desertion of wife uf husband,
and separation by tho magistrate's
fiat, among the working people.
Speculation, belting, games of hazard, form the business or the amusement of women no less than men, to
a degree which would have
struck a generation not so bent
on gnin dumb with surprise nnd
amazement. The drink problem baffles legislation, confounds the preacher, and is explained by the physician
as arising from nervous demands
made by nn overwrought temperament, by the high pressure at which
everyone lives, and the consequent
feeble reaction to normal stimulus.
Cynicism, pessimism, nnd other less
descmbnble tones may be heard at
dinner tables, color conversations,
have their schools in literature, and
form no insignificant chapter in current politics and philosophy. There
can bo no question that, as a materialized civilization spreads In
towns and villages, the rate of mental disturbance rises and nsylimins
mark its growth. I^ast of all, sul-
oide, laying its dreadful grasp on
children ns well as elders, closes tho
tragic record. Suicide is the most
appalling result of a social order from
beneath which the moral and religious supports have been, to an incredible extent,   withdrawn."
But granting all this, tho agnostic
may rejoin, how does it show that I
and my   agnosticism    are at fault?
Dr.  Barry answers:
'Not the wildest of dynamite apostles can charge upon the New Testament or on orthodox pulpits that
merciless idea of competition which
represents the 'cosmic process'—as it
is understood by Darwinians—transferred to society. How, then, does
it happen that a syndicate of millionaires is governing whole peoples
either in defiance of law or with its
connivance, and that public opinion
is languid or indifferent, or admires
and envies the successful exploiter of
his fellows? I am not pretending
that a universal silence gives consent to the usurpations of money-
lords; or that, protests are not made
here and there which may lead to
better things in time. But this I do
say, that we would not now find ourselves in a crisis of morality and
civilization had the principles on
which religion was once acknowledged not suffered severely at the hands
of men—themselves often superior to
their unbelief—who made it out to
be a delusion, a sort of mirage or
coeli miraciila vann, while the present world alone was real and worthy
to be taken into account.   .   .   .
"The evidence is abundant, artd is
accumulating, that the agnostic negation is not simply negative. Under its influence, precepts most positive, shaping the creed of no small
number, have risen from its deeps.
When we look at the ways of business, fashion, literature, and at social statistics, a new decalogue appears in view. What are its commandments? I seem to read them
these: 'Thou shalt make money,
have no children, commit adultery,
plead in the divorce court, and, such
duties done, commit suicide.' Not
the individual only, but the nation,
if it loses its old Christian prehidices
will enter on Its journey towards
Hades. The test and truth that a
mistake has been made by our agnostic philosophers are to be found in
the national decay which follows on
their teaching, as darkness follows
an eclipse. And b.v national decay
nothing else is meant than the suicide of the race, consequent on frauds
in marriage, a dwindling birth-rate,
unlimited divorce, degeneracy in offspring, the abuse of stimulants and
of pleasure, tho clouding of intellect,
all ot which are fated to terminate
in one disease—the denial of the will
to live."—Litersry Digest.
As a "novelist and priest" Dr.
Barry may, and doubtless does, possess the necessary qualifications, but
something more is required to correctly interpret the meaning of the.
various phenomena, which have aris
en to disturb his mind and throw
him into pessimistic mood. Being a
priest, it. is, however, quite natural
that he should attribute the existence of such evils as he might discover in human society, to the non-
acceptance of the doctrines and dogmas of his particular religious cult.
That wo are living in an age of
marked social decay is heralded in a
thousand ways, but to attribute such
decay to the inability of the agnostic "to discover and to establish a
code of morals that should make for
human progress," comes with poor
grace from one of that Christian fraternity, which, while professing to
have discovered such a code, has,
after centuries of persistent effort,
and the sacrifice of many millions of
hves, failed to establish it. Dr.
Barry confirms this failure in the
startling indictment of present-day
society he makes in the above article.
When dogmas can no longer be
"believed" such dogmas ami their
corresponding ethics should imss
away. Not only they should, but
they must. Hail Harry taken tho
trouble to go deep down into tho
material reason of things, he would
undoubtedly have discovered that the
passing "of religions, and their dogmas, inevitably follow the passing of
the economic conditions or basis from
which they spring and whose expression they are.
The code of conduct marking human society today, and which Hurry
deplores, is not an agnostic code,
but a capitalist one, and has been
acquired during n period of human
evolution in which the Christian
priesthood, nnd its dogmas ami code
of morals, have had at. least unlimited opportunity. In spite of tnis
the evidences of "social decay" have
became so marked, as to indicate to
others, besides Dr. Harry, that human society is approaching dangerously near to the precipice of "race
suicide." Tho tendency towards "social decay," as Dr. Harry points out
is especially noticeable among those
people whom ho describes as the
"vanguard of progress," that is, the
people of Europe and America. It
Is well to note that England, France,
Germany and the United States, of
which he makes special mention, are
the four greatest capitalist nations
on earth. It is in these countries,
where the capitalist system has
reached its highest state of development, that he finds the evidence of
"social decay" most striking. Not
only those things mentioned by Dr.
Harry are with us, but thousands of
other evidences point out with unerring finger the degeneracy of the
times. It is true that social misery
is always with us in the shape of a
residuum, to be counted by millions,
who ure on the brink of destitution."
This is at one end of tho social ladder. At the other end we have with
us those, fewer in numbers, who by
reason of a luxurious, idle parasitical and useless existence, are even
more subject to degeneracy than
those brought within its influence by
reason of their poverty. The pathway to degeneracy is more willingly
trod when strewn with flowers, rather  than   thorns.
Kiglit living, and we mean by this
that living which tends to mature
and develop in the human breast the
self-respect, honor, courage and
strong fibre of manhood and womanhood, the love of home nnd children,
nnd lofty conceptions ol" fraternity,
good-fellowship nnd conduct, is as
impossible at one end of the social
ladder as at the other. The same
degeneracy springs from a plethora
of wealth and power, as springs from
a like condition of poverty and dependence, ns the Dr. points out in
his reference to the various evils to
which he calls attention.
That nation "will enter on this
journey towards Hades," to which
Dr. Harry refers, whether it. loses its
"old Christian prejudices" or not,
which does not effect such changes in
its social and industrial affairs as to
not only make it possible for the individual lo provide himself with the
necessaries of life, but make it im-
l>erativo thnt he do so at the expense of his own energies, expended
in useful service, productive of common good. All of the evils of which
Dr. Harry complains, and thousands
more, spring from the fact that present, society has for its fundamental
basis the exploitation of the
(the workers) by the few (the capitalists). The result of this is a society divided into two extremes: the
rich, subject to degeneracy because of
their wealth and parasitic existence,
and the poor, victims of the same
tendency because of their poverty
and squalor. Children of a common
parent, capital, they logically inherit their degeneracy, for capital itself
is an unmoral degenerate.
When we look at capitalist ways,
truly a "new decalogue appears in
view," but Dr. Barry did not read
its commandments correctly. &uh-
bordinate everything to the T"fl»#n
of money, is its command, end right
well do its disciples keep it. Everything that makes for human progress and the uplift of the race, is
ruthlessly sacrificed that the command may be kept.
A glacial period is not setting in,
but, on the contrary, is near reselling its end. Its name is not agnosticism, but capitalism. Under its
erosive action the field is being mads,
ready for the coming of s new and
better order.
Human life is not moving away
from the centres of light, towards
the depths of space," as Dr. Barry
pruts it, but is. on the contrary, moving from the depths of darkness, towards the centres of light. The "intellectual sun" is rising.
As to men and women BhatOOhf
"their conduct more and more as If
there were no Ood," Dr. Barry is
again in error. The gods of belief
and promise have been merely
superseded b.v a god of fact and performance, whose name Is capital,
and the action of men and women ta
which the Dr. refers, is but the unconscious acknowledgement of his
kingdom, and his power. When the
rising intellectual sun shall have appeared, full-orbed above the horizon,
this latest god will be relegated to
the lumber room of oblivion, where
many a repudiated god has gone before.
The highest denomination of United
States legal tender notes is 910,000.
Being legal tender the workman cannot legally refuse to accept then in
payment of wages.
•i'.i. ;%'*
•    ri
■ K
■ Juno io
Us.^ Western Clarion
of the wage-slaves existence will perty, based as it is upon the whole- jthe surplus of wealth left in the
continue to create trouble among 'sale robbery of the workers, is by. hands of {he capitalists, that Is, the
|them, because of the fact of there tthis token essentially an uaeleam^crreater tjfjflr profits. It is to the
[being more slaves than jobs. To in-(thing, and out of the compost heap interests -of, the capitalists, thero-
llie trouble by fanning the left in its wake will of necessity be :f'""'' to ',D,'"in Quir labor-power at
of  prejudice  in  the  minds  of ,bred  craw ling,   creeping,   slimy    and
\s the annoying
individual   filth,
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^M Icreasc
Published   every   Saturday  in    the!H.a„„.,
interests of the Working Class alone!        ,'     . ,    . it        .„ ■..   .,,,
at the office of the Western Clarion. |one factlon a8aIns1  another will  not  loathsome vermin.
Flack block  basement,  165 Hastings >olvt' *'"' labor problem. vermin,   bred   from     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
street, -Vancouver,  B.  (!. j   (Jive  to  the  Workers  the facts  and lacts as a  powerful  factor  in forcing Iwjshes
it Strictly in Advance.
*   ■   -   vi '■      -
Yearly eubsrrlption cards bi lots of
five or more.   7*> cents each.
Advertising   rates  on  application.
II you receive this paper it ia paid
Address all  comnuinlcatloos  to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B.
~»!thc truth. It is all they require,
and they may be trusted to eventual*
ly accept them and act accordingly.
They have surely had enough tommy-rot by this time to lie surfeited
with  it. %
"The output of the mill" does not
belong to the "actual producer" It
belongs to tho employer, the capitalist. It is his by every legal right
and subterfuge concocted in the past.
It will remain his as long as working people are dense enough to accept tne tommy-rot of Hagerty's
kind relating io jobs and their possession. In locking out the employee
the capitalist does not strip the
"worker of the Inst  remnants of his
^^^^^_ rights."     He has the same rights Of-
HAP    Watch the label on your p»per , '       ,,
325    If this number  is on   it,  vour   '"   ,,"lru-r  lnrk"«1  "",   •'**  h,U""- . "•
subscription expires next issue,   owns his labor power and  is at  por-
c=—       "        S   "'feet    liberty    to   dispose   of   it,    if  he
.June 10,  1(105 iran  find  a  purchaser  willing to pay
  a satisfactory [nice.    The purchaser
he has List either by the lock-out or
the strike never belonged to him by
any other title than that springing
from personal arrangements mutually satisfactory. Whenever those arrangements were broken the title
vanished and neither party to the
arrangement   lost   anything,   or   was
the  lowest' possible  price,   so  a?        ,
obtaHntthe   maximum of   profit. :I»*~Every   Local    of  the  Socialist
...      .   . „_,. 1 Tarty  of  Canada  should run  a car 1
Upon  the other   hand the laborer !£ ^   bn&    $yQQ ^ month
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ to   obtain   the  highest   possl- j Secretaries please note.
Uie individual  to adopt  iffcre cleanly jbie WOgQ Ln order to obtain for him-!  -
habits, so does the vermin bred from  self    the   greatest   quantity   of  need-
the social filth provided by capitalist ! f»l    things   in    return   for   his   labor..
production,   become u factor in com-   Out   of    'his    conflict      of      interest
pelting   human   society to purge, puri- Imust   of   necessity   arise  warfare,   roll  will  be  wag-
vileil to |ilacr a card under'",),"'' l',0.v»iw i, u
month.   Be^drtes^SSeaite •**• ,,«h
"Moreover whoever goes to take
the place of the workman is an interloper,   a  purloiner  of  other  mens
■fgoods, a thief who plunders the
rights of the man who is out of the j
.place under  protest:  for the output J
• of   the  mill    belongs    to   the  actual1
.producer,   to   the   workingman   whose | ^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^
• intelligent craft has given it prestige 'deprived   of  arty  right,   either  moral
and  whose   wife  und  children    share lor  legal.        The     only    rights     the
•with him in  that result of his  toil   workingman   has  under   the  rule    of
• which  is  the  meed  of  his specialized „a|   js  ,„  se„  hjs  ,  bor „
cleverness ot hand and eye and brain.       '   ,                                                   ,
But the law,  always on the side of  he <'hoo!''-'s. «**" <*«"» »nd a purchaser.
•the capitalist, speedily dispossesses
the locked-out worker of the last
remnants of his rights."
The above, clipped from an exchange, is accredited to "Father"
Hagerty,  in ."Economie Discontent."
Ho has that right, now and no sensible capitalist would think of depriving him of it if he could. The one
article in the capitalist decalogue of
prime importance is that that right |
shall   be    held     sacred.     By  holding
fy ami fumigate itself, by getting rid |lontless
of the unclean thing which provides
the filth that breeds the vermin. It
Seems that nn all-wise providence ha-s
decreed thnt vermin should play a
not altogether inconsetfuenural part
in the great scho   e of things.
Be thut as it may, however, we accept the report referred to as a bit
of good news. We repeat that we
hofie it is true. The Socialist realizes that present-day governments
exist solely for the purpose of protecting the interests of tho exploiting cluss, by holding ihe workers in
subjection to their merciless exploitation. May strength be given them
to so completely unmask themselves,
as to enable all workingmen to understand It, und realize just what
they are up against. With this understanding they will take lull possession of the reins .of gowrjament,
and further the fumigation process
by much mure drastic action than
eight-hour laws. They will use the
reins of power to take control of the
industries in the nume of all the
people, and relegate capital, its compost heap, and vermin, to oblivion,
along with the other unclean things
that have gone  before.
By way of encouraging the ruling
class in its good work let tlie workers'  cry  be  "Lay  on,  MacDutl."
and bitter It wi
oil with ever increasing intensity until such time as nil. men nre placed
in a proper relationship to the means1
upon which all depend for an existence. This, of course, means the end
of capital and its conscienceless ahd
brutal rule, and the establishment Of
commonwealth, in which
and co-workers tor
the common good. Then, and not
till then, will industrial warfare,
with its attendant enormous waste of
energy c*ftase.
a  workers-
all  are ro-owheh
By J. Ghent, is Cosmos Sense
Hondqunrters, Vancouver, B. C,
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. U. Stebbings, John K. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Deters, Alf. Leah,
A. .1. Wilkinson, treasurer; .1. <!.
Morgan, Secretary, 551 Barnnrd St.,
Vancouver,  B. 0.
Wednesday evening in the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 818 Cambie street,
■educational meetings every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock in the Sullivan
Hall,       Cordova     street.. I).       P.
Mills,   secretary,   Box    8.'~ii,   Vancouver,  B.   C.
Phoenix Trades and Labor r
Meets every ahcrnatT iW
John Riordan, president- ''," a'
Brown, vice-president' p Vi '*
caste sergeaiit-,-it-.-irms'. w . "■ U
bury, scciTtary-treasurer   i>   ', ,*"
108, Phoenix, B. C. ' 0; H
evening  at
hall.    Wm.  Bornett, presid™!'".*'
ehls F. Berry, secretary     t; *
. to
M.    Meets
oV,°l|< in M.„;.;
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No. i^,
F. M. meets every third S-, ,',*'
fromJ„.y2 Alfred Andrew J
■'lent; Jonathan Isherwood pf
Hox 250, Nanaimo, B r '„
' ing secretary/ '     ' 'lv*<
O. H. .1 11. Harper, secretary,
Bock  Bay  Hotel,  Victoria,   B,  C.
Soigfriod, secretary, P.O, box 'J«w,
Revelstoke,   ll.  C.
It is an excellent sample of the "torn-; that right sa(.r(.(1| cttpital  is afforded j    industrial   warfare,   with   its
upon    itself,     of  any
the     world    has ever
my-rot" indulged in by scores of in-j»ne  cheapest
dividuals who pose before the public responsibility
as spokesmen lor labor and as her- |hiavt, master
• aids   of   its  emancipation.     Nothing 'know-m
could be farther from the truth than j   of cmlrS(., th(. !uw is aiways on the
'that "whoever goes to take the place Lide  0,   tho  capitalist,   and  there    it
.of the workman is an interloper,   a WI1I  remain  as  long as  the  workers
purloiner of  other    mens goods,     a |,jsU.n t(J   un(| nre jnfiuenced by, tom-
thief who plunders the rights of the mv-rot of thi
v man who is out of the jilace under awakened to
..protest:" etc
Does there exist in the United
States any of that "(lass struggle"
ol wnich all classes of Socialists lulk
so frequently and so much '.'
I mpiestionubl.s     there    does.     And
(lay   by day  inciya^bg ' nuiubes-s   of
men IxS time aware «ifi i/t,. awl .-of the
their ' individual   and   collective
in    the    workaday    world
bear to this irrepressible conflict.
The oxisten.ee of economic classes
here in America, as well us in all
other industrial nations, is no longer
denied by intelligent and sincere men.
What are these classes'.' We may say
Unit there are six of them. But four
of these are mtei mediate, bearing the
part of guerrillas, or sutlers, or
camp followers, or shifting neutrals
jin the conflict, und they need not
here be considered* The two main
contesting classes are then:
1.  The   trading  or  capitalist  class,
who own the tools, and other means
and- processes of production: who buy
they   can,    and
Livingstone, secretary,
Nanaimo,  !), •'.
.'I.      Daniel
Box     1T.2,
llalllierir,  secretary.
No.   !>,    Abel
LOCAIi VANANDA, Mo 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Texada
Island,  It.  C.
(iKf). F. McCrosshm
The International Brotherhood -
Electrical Workers.-1,„.,, jj J
Meets second and fourth Tl I
"       ;«  I-  B-  E. W. Hall, k<Z
'-'" Block,    i',,..,;,,,.:;0"1,!
McDougall;  financial secrntarv
Klsden.      Address   all   enmr
lions   to   the   hall.    AI
brethren cordially invited
recording secreliryi
Rn'lway Block
324 Hastings Street
Td. W».   P.O. Pox •(.«.   „
Vascouver, 8. C
of wealth, how long must it continue before the belligerents will
come to recognize its futility?—E.II.
Putnam,   in   The  public.
Industrial    warfare   is  'merely    the
effect of a cause, and must of neces-
or otherwise in connection with such |aC(niire some rights for himself qtaite
employment.    As  he has  no  claim,  different from those he now possesses,
in  either  a   legul   or  a  moral sense, , ______
to the job ho hus thrown up, and as
he   is   not   denied   possession Of   the
only property a wugo slave has eith-
slave,   with   the  least jmous waste of energy and destruction 'labor  us  choapl>   as  they  can
sell   the  product   of   lubor  as  dear us
they can.
2.   The   proletarian,   or   wage-earning  class,   who   own    no   tools,   who
soil  their  labor,  and  who constantly .       .
strive tjq obtain a larger share of tho |<,\al[',1,n   ,l     -
value of  their  product.
The contest between exploiting and
exploited clusses has persisted,  with
I intermittent periods of relative quiet,
historic     time.      it    has
^  sometimes     been     mainly     political,
capitalist  hands   the  law-making and i olh,,-'s   throats   because   of   Inherent I^^^'l^^^ST^i'i^^
executive  iiower    nmi  m°o  ;,   ;„   .u  ■ *   °     lm"-*:lnl-   plotted cluss has sometimes been con-
c\Z   1   h  1 h"1   I   H',0"S  tL'n"''"l'i"s-     *liey   are  impel-   L-ious of a general aim of social re-
nenan   to    .strip    the  capitalist !k-d   to  do   so   for   reasons   that     are' organization,  or at least of a gener-
direc-Uy  traceable  to  their   relations lul  ho'x'  of  ,hu  botterment  oi_.class
,,.   ,,„    .   J.V. ,.   ,.„        ,       tcotrdi'ions,   but.   mote   often,    uncon-
to   the  material   things  oi   life,   that L^   ()f   Q   _«_,„   Hilu>    mi(1   ,nll
to the method  whereby  they ob- | blindly     rebelling,    in     fragmentary
The   present   sys- I groups,   aguinst    intolerable   wrongs.
in   our   day,   under    the    capitalist
system  of industry,   this   movement
of the working (lass is primarily  (in
sity continue  to  be  waged  with ever
Hagertian brand. Once [increasing  intensity   so long  as    the
The bald truth of the trnllk(.  „„  ,.,   JJ    Tfl't  th°y  WiU   cause f,om which Jt ■»*«■ remains {throughout
matter is that when a workman units ; °'   *****  °M  °' l»»«ou^'     Man  do  not fly  at each
his employment, no matter for what
reason, he has excercised the only
right he possesses in the matter. He
has  no   further  rights,   either  moral
class  of   their    control    of  economic
power.    In doing this the worker will
fer a legal  or a.'.moral right  to  po.v
sese,  thai,    is,   his labor-power,    his Isuporin tendon I of th
I   It is reported that information has
[been  laid    against  Andrew  llryden,
Dunsmuir mines
fellow victim of the capitalist system 'at   Extension     and
in   the  shape  of  another  slave,   who  name of Hurry Carroll, for violution   class can   lie  effected   only  b.v
happens to come along aud take the:0f  the  Coal   .Mines    Regulation  Act. [responding lo'ss  to  the olher
is,   to the methoa  whereby they ob
tain   their   living
tern of property in ihe means of
wealth production divides human society into two distinct economic ipoint of time)
classes, each making its living in u
manner directly opposite to that of
the other.    Any, betterment of mat.er-
laboi',   to
that of Amonica, the vote is far
gren'er. In Germany it is 8,010,000,
in France some 900,000, in Austria
some 800,000,, Ilut though the actual vote is yet small in the lnited
States, the percentage of increase is
marvelous,     and    every    Indication
points   tO   vet    more      rapid   growth.
There  is  here an   immense  reserve   to
draw   upon.     The     exactions   of   the
iss   constantly   increase,
while the proletarians, ever Increasing in numbers, come day by day to
a clearer consciousness of their rights
and a clearer knowledge of the means J
of securing them. Recruits from
other classes, in an ever-increasing
number, espouse the cause of the
wopkers, accept its fundamental principles hnd become nn integral part
>r-i"' ''• *" ,'1'' movement grows-; and
so. Impelled by Irresistible forces, it
will continue to grow until the working class attains to political power,
and by instituting a social republic,
abolishes classes and class conflicts
The Oldest Labor Paper in Canada
Alwvys a fearlesss exponent in ttie I
cause of lnbor.
For one dollar the paper will '«
sent to any sddreM for one year,
Workingmen ofall couutriei *|
soon recognize the fact that thtr I
must -ipoort and read their l»l«» |
pa pi rs.
Issued every Friday.
**> .
The Voice Publishing Co., I.niind j
.    ..   ,      Many,  in fact a large percentage
.economic.     and    its ,of ,.,.,.,.ljn    ,.,USK(,S    of    ,1Ili(m   1(,,u|,^s
units are  but  dimly conscious,   11  at jaro  demagogues    and   grafters, ami
all,   01   a  general   social   aim. .  H  is ;8m.h   ,„„„  all(J   (|l(.ir  ii|U)l.|s ^ , ^
an  attempt   ntt along the line, wher-   (o   nothing   but    trouble"   said the
jrhployed at   p;.,jS(.
^____________ over musses of  men are employed at   |,v,iKiiniml   altu n»ni   icui...       ,•   □
a   miner   by   the |.*_   condiUons   upon   the  part  of  one 'wage-labor*   to   secure  higher   U^j-lffi
place made vnciint, is not au
a "pin
He  is
'inter-j They are charged with  having work-f out   of    such,'    circumstances
secure higher  wages,   |.>a,lt.j.si,,f   „hiip
a cojr-[better conditions  nnd  .shorter  hours.   ing   ,„■   union|Bta   ,,'contly.     And   the
Thit  ±trexi>«*s«es>.itsel) m the organization |pi()lls  lllaIls  ren)arKS  an, enti,|(.,|   (<)
should I0'   ,"l,l'J  '"."""',  u'"'  V"".'1'  lllbor ^-''onsideration  ns coming from  one  "'
toper   ora   purloine   of other men's  ed more  than eight  hour? per   day arise industrial warfare most bitter-     r    .\im',h     b. T hs «t-if, 'V^ K "Tffh "", ? "f hiS"
goods.       He  is     only  a  wage-slave j underground.     It is alleged  that this  ly and relentlessly waged, and result- j    Ii.pt   of   the   w orkers    s  ****%£& Eoies fnd 7auZ "    Th °      '""
acting strictly  within  the legal  ahd | violation  of  the   law  has' been our- I ins: in enormous  waste of enerev. is U«-tid by the capitalist class,  who^Z^ut *Z     hjed.v hy b"h
: moral rights that logicully belong to Iposely  committed   to  form   the  basis [not   in the 'least  strange
'one in his slavish position.    Ho who'of a test case  to bo carried  through
"interferes with him in the exercise of   the various courts,  and  to the I'rivy
such rights is the interloper,  if such   Council,if  neossary,   with  the  object
1 there be.    They who indulge, as does I of  having  the objectionable  law  de-
Hagerty,   in   the  above  quotation  in  dared  void.     Those    who    know the
untruthful   accusation    aguinst    that  despicable make-up of  this man Cnr-
section  of   the   working  class   whom   roll  will  have little difficulty in re-
economic  pressure    forces  to  accept
employment   wherever   and   whenever
' possible, nre guilty of that which   is
calculated   to  engender  and  stir   up {afflicted  Vancouver Island  than  this
 ln __l
would  be a  miracle  if it did not occur. I
All of the gigantic, complicated
nnd powerful machinery of the world
today is capitalist, property. The
beneficiaries of such property do not
make  lhei;r  living  by   their  labor ex-
cogni/ing   the    purpose   lying   behind   ponded uUong  the  line of wealth profile move.    A more contemptible product of capitalist rule probably never
Strife within Ihe ranks of the working class, by arousing the prejudice
and hatred of faction against faction.
Ho long as any considerable section
ot1' worfiers 'are  led  to  believe    that
ahotMe'i*'1 section* is composed  of  "in-
m tehrlojBc'rK,   purloiners   of   other  men's
duction. In so far as producing
needful tihings is concerned, they perform   no.   useful   service.     Their   sus-
.   1 in turn become more aggressive with
' I their increasing dominance anil strive
■for the seizure of greater powers for
exploiting   the   workers.
Diit. thunks to several factors in
this Struggle this movement, of (he
workers tends more to become political class-conscious and definite in
its social aim. The Inherent brutality of the capitalist system dooms
multitudes of men to wounds and
death, to disemployinont, illness and
hunger. The capitalist class, unlike
the   feudal   barons
I raining   und   instinct,   well   (|iinlified
to identify  his  breed  wherever found.
wretch, although the locality has
been the habitat of many choice specimens.
We sincerely hope the report is true
and that the various capitalist institutions whose province it is to puss
upon such matters, will unhesitating- fore mastery
ly prove true to tho interests they
have    been    created     t.>   •»••    "«■' '
[responsibility foi
't.  is  now   proposed   to clear away
fogs   by    means   of  electricity.     It
would be well lo test thi? apparatus
on the minds of that large section of
the working clnss who are still so
befogged as to imagine they can
wring better Ktinditions from a chronically overstocked labor market, and
expect capitalist law and ndminist.rn-
acknowledgos  no'tion  to assisl   them  in  sn doing," If
the lives and  well-
the  apparatus  should   prove  effective
ten.iiit-e comas lo  them through their \b'/'nis   l/'   ''",'   'vorkerB'   b,,t   'lemaiids ! in  their rase,   that   it  could dissipate
(♦hot   there   be   enormous    masses   of   n   London  fog would be assured.
 0 .
power t*> appropriate the wealth pro- [unemployed,   Whom  it. can employ  or
ducod hy   the  laboring  people.    Thoir 'discharge   at   will.     With .multitudes
relationship to the menns upon which j"1   unemployed   men   at    large,
all   people   must  depend     for  su.sten- . -A.il1   'ak.'  w°r1k  "',on !U1-Y conf »,|„„.,„.„
Ithe strike lulls as u means of secur-M
nnce is  that of ownership, and  there- 1 jn      b,,u,,r    eonditions.     A   growing £r
'"^■■^■■■■1,,,B1~B^~t ," lib-
esses the workers, and they become
ready to employ other means. Thoy
come to recognize political means as
•'■•'l_a '"%!'__________________________________-_______-________ __— °v<-'r all 	
f leyhmcVs,   purloiners  of  other  men's |ly  prove   true   to  tho  interests  they   brought   forth   bv   the   utilization   of   industrial  attack:  upon  cupitul   po
fgoods,''   etc.,   that   solidarity   of   in-j have    been    created     t„   s,.rve(   and    (hose  means.
^terest and purpose that must lie   at  promptly nullify the law.    There aro      The  workers,   upon   the othor hand
the bottom    of „n    effective   labor [still a large number of workingmen   depend entirely   upon  their labor for!,he  only  alternative.    Thev  awaken
movement   is  denied,   class  lines  are  who  have   „n   abiding    fMith  in    the [ t»i,-it- living,   and  in  o.rde.r  to realize (to a sense oflho solidarity of 1 liter
, blurred,   the    workers'  energies   are law. while the machinery of the ad-   it   muni   perforce sell  their power to
wasted in fighting among themselves,   ministration  is  still   j„   the hands of  labor to the opposing economic class.
while  the agony of  wage-slavery   is jthe class thnt lives and thrives upon i'i'he    relationship    existing    ^between
.prolonged, greatly   to   the delight  of   the   exploitation     of    the    workers.  I them  and the things  upon which   all.
.   P* rulin(? <;lasfi- So*»fi drastic lessons are still needed 'people  depend  for  sustenance   is one
to dispel their illusions and we have
the utmost confidence that the tools
who I    f)winP*    fo    th°    Austrian    govern,
will   take  work  upon  any conditions, |n,,'n,   buvinir  practically cornered  the
the strike fails as a means of secur-i' w0Tld * ■"PP*. "/ radium, this most
conditions.     A  growing It"*!0""   """."I   "*  now retelling    In
s(,-nse   of   the   weakness   of   tile   purely
ests of all workers, ftnd their aim in
time comes to lie the complete, ru-
' organization    of   Industrial society
Whatever  tends  to  awaken  dissen-
Iqg in the ranks of the workers and
^stfr up prejudice, passion and strifc
among them is inimical to the pro-
, gross of a labor movement worthy of
the name,   and  should and must  be
I condemned by every right-thinking
person who has tho highest and best
jintterests of the working class at
heart.     IIo  who endeavors  to   teach
..any part of the working class that
the evtils under which they are .suffering, or which threaten' their welfare, arc attributable to the bad actions of other members of that class,
is either ignorantly or maliciously
endeavoring to inculcate that which
is not true. The workingmen whether organized or unorganized, from
tho  best    paid   to  the  poorest,    are
, alike victims of the wage system,
and Wage-slavery is a consequence of
' capitalist property. So long as
capitalist property rules the wage-
system  remains,   and   the exigencies
of capitalist property will administer the lesson. They have never yet
failed when called uj>on to do it, and
we have no fear that they will shirk
their duty in this instance.
No other good could possibly come
from laws of tho kind in question
under capitalist administration, except that they furnish a means of
forcing the ruling clnss to \discard
the velvet glove and display the;
"mailed fist" to the workers, large
numbers of whom have been too long
prone to look to such administrations for relief.
While it is by no moans easy to
refrain from expressing the loathing
we needs must feel for creatures of
tho Carroll type, who can be used
for any purpose no matter how vile,
we solace, ourself with the conviction
that nothing has been made in vain.
Filth  breeds vermin.    Capitalist pro-
ji'hey  arc  powerfully  aided   by
Vidua!  leci'uits from   the moi'i
led  classes   who   recognize   the  fuiidn-
, f  „  „ . . —, , .mental  justice  of  the 1 workers'   cause
Of non-ownership.     Doing non-owpers pg   _,*.   (jy   ^V   ()f   ^  ^
they cannot utilize the means of pro-j tion and training, are to formulate
duction for the purpose of supplying Mho inarticulate aspirations of the
their needs und thus prolonging their [s*Ork»rs 'n<o a coherent and defi-
„„;„.„„„„       ...      .    „    , . • Inite  sociul  philosophy.
existence,   without   first  arriving    at
■w«—•«    „         . , j. And so,  under the stimulus of vuri-
some    agreement    or     understanding ;()US  ^/.^     tno    m'OVPmm   (')f '&
wftn  the  owners.     The only  possible"; working  class  against  the  capitalist
agreement to be made with the own-j class passes from its earlier stage of
ei-s is that of selling to them   their j
power   to   '.abor,   or  labor-power,   for
some fixed sum,   termed a wage   This
wage is, determined by the number of
workers as compared to the number
of  jobs,   or   places   available.     Once
Itish markets for 1800,000 per
[dunce, In July, 1904. it was selling
[at *|150,000 per ounce. The enor-
ImoUfl increase in price is working
un intolerable hardship upon the
'poorer  classes.
On their holidays, tho iTapaneso So-
cialisl women spend their time in
selling copies of the Socialist paper
Lndi- ("Chokugon" upon tho streets, jn tho
favor- l,n,'ks. <''<'. The money gained is
laid aside to be used later on in
some Woman's movement.
an undisciplined, often conflicting*amJ
generally futile struggle for petty ad-i
van!ages, info a conscious, discipline
ed movement for the conquest of the
poll I icdl powers, the overthrow 'of
the present industrial order and the
ostublishmvnt. of a social republic.
With'each  victory  of the   capitalist
the  number   of   workers  becomes    injolass m ,nn-   industrial  dispute,   witli
excess of the number of jobs the
price will tend downwards in spite of
all  efforts  on  the part of the  work- |u
the constant spread ol Socialist propaganda, new groups'of workingmen
are dislodged from their former moorings and are recruited into this mili-
ers-to the .contrary. Tho greater the |,£^ nK)VPmftnt. i„ 1900 there "were
surplus of laborers tho more completely do tho capitalists have the
cinch on -getting their labor-power
at lowest ,cOflt. The wage of labor
is paid lout of the products of labor,
and the  low,er  tho  wage the greater
but lill, 1.52 men who voted one or
the other of the two Socialist tickets
in +h(( field. Dut in 1902 this number had grown to upwards of 275,-
000, while in L904 it had grown to
442 402. In other countries, where
the development  of classes preceded
, Tho following notice appeared an
the notice board of a London chapel
a few days ago: "Next Sunday evening  tho  Rev,    will deliver his
farewell sermon and the choir will
sing np nnthem of thnnksglvlng specially composed for tho occasion "—
London  daily Mail.
Miners 'Magazinj
Published   Weekly  by  the
Western Federatlos Of Miners
A  Vigorous Advocate of L*bori|
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Vear 91.00.      Six Month., al
Denver, Colorado.
Kurtz's (kn fll ■
Kurtz's Pioneers y[I||
Spanish Blossoms
llnnd-Minlc Ilw.ts nml Rhoe« t.. i.i.l.r it \
nil »t\ i,s.   ki pan inj: prompt ly .,1,.: 1.. at- f
ly done.    Kta k   of staple  ready 1
sin* ., nlwnys ui, baud
24S6 WetlMisster Ave.      Mosul Plentf!
155 Cordova Street
And  have  it   rejuvenated  «i'li &1
life,   old Hats Cleaned,  Pressed!!
Made   as   flood   as     New     lij  i'M*|
workmen and at   moderate coil
Elijah Leard.
The crushing dofoal  of Hn1 I'"-*1!
fleet    in   the   S,-n   ,,f   Jnpntl   I'llI'"***
another powerful sl Imulim lo ',"'1
creasing   unpopularity   of   in' "
among   tho    Russian   people
flames of  re vol I   against    nnto"*!
mid   bureaiicintic   rule   aro  IWr**lM
forth afresh and with n renmrflll
tventtinl 'iH
tensity that, promif
full  Bi  (V.iit-ism,   which   will  w^<"m
<"<ll.v be   followed  by some   form™
bourgeois constitutional governn*!
This  of   itself,     though    bill
less objectionable and oppress?"1 ^
uiilocrntic  and  bureaucriiii'-
brougb 'vhi1
nn   inevitable   stage
Russia   must   pass   before her
ing iico'plo can elTect  their emS**"*)
tion from exploitation.
United Hatters of North Amerii
When you era buying a FUU HAT its tp W
the Clenulne Union Label in Mwed In It.    If » r"^l
Ima loose labelu in hie poReeiwion and offeri    '»
one In a hat for you, do not patronize   hltri-
lane'i l„   retail  store* are counterfeits.     Thi K*
Union Label la perforated on four edges,  SSSfW
same a« a  postage etarnp.     Counterfelte     »'0
times perforated on three edges, and eo"'" ll,"w.,
on two.    John B, Stetson Oo., of Phil sdtlpnM
non-union  concejrn.
JOHN  A.  MOFFITT, Presldont, Orange, N. J
MARTIN    LAWLOIl,    .Secretary,    ll  WS"^1
New York.
m tATPBP**-
...June IS, 1905
jnLighter Vein 12
Humor, Wit and Satire from
Scissors and Brush.
M,ern beauties o' nature," said Sen-
.     |1(.   sput    on    the floor of Jus-
titin's halls,
pretty  enough  and  artistic  en-
,.,.,,., iin      <<■   >".»-    »o    Niagara
Kill Is,
,s(i waters go rumblin' and miiiii-
'" him   and  grumblin'
,1 tfiiiiii*  and stumblin'  nnd bum-
'"   blin' and tumblin'
And foumin' und ronrin'
And plungin'  and  pourin'
n(| Hiistiii' the waters Ood gave to
,10 iicechers
wasn down  our liquor and wash
our I'eechers—,
Then what in  the deuce
is ihe Bwish-blngled use
t hem  noisy old cataracts
i irlvi
pie   dlZZy?
poets  and  children  nnd  crip-
u and  fools
-:1i   that  them falls is eternal..
Unit   So?
,    n-hni   Is  Eternity,  Nature and
' Ci.il
'ompared   lo   the   Inter-flraft   Gas-
lighting Co.?
,,1,1 a|| the dtirn waterfalls born in
M,l„.ii.  «ith  n   sugar  or  soap ror-
Hut   Nut urn,  you   feel,
Has  n   voice  in   the  deal*
,■ ain't.     Cor   I'm    deaf    both   in
that car and this un—
itun. talks Money I'm willin' to
So bring on your dredges
And   shovels  and   sledges,
bricklayers,    masons,   yer   hammers nnd  mauls—
public be dammed, while we dnm
up the Falls.
,.i.t look at the plans o' me beautiful  dream!
|\ sewer-plpo conduit  to carry   the
ilghi hundred mill-wheels (greiif
,ivin'  of  steam);
|rhe cliffs  to  be covered  with dump
heaps and  walls.
th  many   a    smokestack    and   flywheel and  pulley,
mIl'i'.    engine     and      derrick—say.
won't   it   look bully I
With   furnaces  snioMn'
And stokers n-stokin',
|th  factory  children   n-workin'   like
ui-iiin'   out    chewing  gum,   shoelaces watches,  ...
And kitchen utensils,
\iui patent  lead-pencils,
I mlraion-oal*  furniture,  pie-crust
ii'iil  flannels—
{lis   turning    Niug'    to  legitimate
flip provinc o' beauty."  said Senator Orftbb,
bossed  by us  fellers  thnt   know
what  lo do.
!  Senator  Copper hogs  half of a
builds   an   Art   Palace   on   Tiff
people    believed   in   the    dark
Middle  Agos
pn'l  en in  this  chapter  o'   history's
And   the   worship     of mountains
\nd  rivers and  fountains
sinful,   idolatrous,   dark   superstition—
id likely  to lose in n cash proposition,
Kfe the good time is past
I.el's get  busy and oast
|ir I.i-.-ad   ,,n    the     water    full—II'11
come back.
II fust   pass  the Qrabb  Bill,  and
then pass tho sack."
|"iVi!]|iie,.   Irwin,   in   Collier's   Weekly.
JDurlng the trial trip of the new
irblne passenger steamer Manxman,
"at bus been constructed for the
eysham nnd Isle of Man service of
Midland Railroad of Great Hri-
lui, the highest speed that has ever
Jen recorded by a turbine vessel
Instructed for mercantile purposes
la* attained. The Manxman is pro-
died by three Parsons turbines, and
those trials  upon  the  river Clyde
Ii"' vessel attained a speed of 2.'!
tiots per hour. Hitherto steam
usure for turbines has ever ex-
Jedod 160 pounds |>er s(piaro Inch,
Ut on ibis Vossol a steam pressure
' «00 pounds per square inch was
rovlded and this improvement has
""I'eil nol only in the development
|f higher sfieed but in more econo-
'   winking.—The  Run.
'That young fellow at the soda-
later fountain seems to be a pretty
ptivo lad."
'He is the best employee I have
»er had.    He keeps his eyes open for
I'lie little details, no matter how
'llu1'' Son him waiting on that
"fk-complexioned girl who hns Just
ni»e in. There, ho's wrapping up an
'omizor for her nnd putting a pink
ring around it. if the girl was a
■londe he'd use a bluo string. Why,
I" v the other day a rod-haired girl
7'th freckles came In nnd asked for
two-cent postage stamp, and oscnr
I'Tstiaded her to take two one-ten t-
T« Instead—the green matches bo
J'''h more harmoniously with her
* an tresses. Oh, he's a treasure,
|'l right, all right."
(By T.  Russell  Williams)
"(live a Vorkshiremaii a halter,
and he will soon have a horse," is a
common saying in the south of England, and the tales illustrative of
our craftiness simply cumber the
ground in Lancashire; and although
it is quite natural that we should
resent these imputations, 1 am sometimes constrained to think that after all there is an element of truth
In them.
Some time ago, however, I was
spending a holiday rambling over the
moors in whet is known as the
Bronte country, when a circumstance
came under my observation whicn left
me in us great a state of mental uncertainty on this question as our
friend, Mr. Balfour, is in regarding
tariff reform. I dare venture to say
it is without parallel in the annals
of any other country. ^
1 called at a wayside inn and
ordered ten, and was seated in a cosy
nook during IU preparation, talking
to the Inndlord, nnd looking out of
| a window overlooking the valley. By
and by I espied two companies of
volunteers coming over the crest of
the hill opposite, i pointed them
out to "mine host" and asked him
if we were going to have a sham
"Nay.ah Ihink not," he replied.
"Ah fancy they're nobbut bahn to
practice mining nnd sapping a bit.
Their captain is th' son af th' geD-
tIonian that lives up at, th' Hall, an'
Ah thinks 'e wants to let th' owd
man see what 'e can do."
"To be sure," I said. "Where are
thev-  going  lo  practice?"
"In  th'  field opposite."
The men in red came briskly down
the hill at a swinging pace, and entering the field already mentioned,
they went through a series of highly
interesting evolutions, which culminated in the formation of a long,
straight line extending from one end
of the field to the other, each man
being about three yards from his fellows. At this point there took place
one of the most extraordinary proceedings I huve over witnessed. The
captain walked towards the men till
be reached tho lino, then at the word
of command, the whole body turned
and walked to the far side of the
field, and taking up a number of mattocks and shovels they returned to
where they had remained si finding.
In obedience to a further command,
each mnn discarded his tunic and began operations with the mattocks.
This naturally surprised me and turning to the landlord I enquired if it
were ciiKtomery to break up good
bind in this way. "Is the rough
moorland not a better place for such
pel formances?" 1 asked.
"Well," he replied, "Ah've no
daght it wod be, but th' field belongs
to th' Hall, an' Ah dar say th'
young captain knaws what he's do-
in'." And as he spoke a most mysterious smile played about his features.
The work proceeded apace. Everyman seemed to vie with his neighbor
In the effort to prove his fitness for
digging trenches. A more willing lot
of navvies I have never seen at work.
In all probability they would have
shocked the sensibilities of a more
experienced digger, but any shortcomings in the way of scientific procedure were fully counterbalanced by
the vigor with which they applied
themselves to the task. The prespi-
ratlon stood upon their foreheads in
beads. Their necks and faces resembled nothing so much as a boiled
beet. They wer'e simply foaming,
and all the while their young captain wulked to and fro in front of
them,   shouting:
"Now men, keep to the line! keep
to the line!"
When nt last they had dug a trench
about two feet by three feet across
the .iold, they were formed into lino
once again, nnd marched to a neighboring schoolroom, where the county
bad provided coffee and sandwiches.
Then I turned and asked the landlord if the trench would be left open,
or would they return and fill tho soil
again? He took me to the window
at the gable end of the house,and
smilingly pointed to a heap of earthenware pipes in a field adjoining that
in which the volunteers had been
working. I stnred at the pipes for
a moment, and then looked up at tho
indlord, who was now grinning from
ear  to ear.
"lies tn made owt aght?" he asked, and for answer 1 started to laugh!
uproariously. Those brave defenders
of our country had actually l>een
duped into a piece of work it would
have tnkeii five or six navvies a week
to   perform,     Was  there over  such a
pii  of bnre-fuced Imposture?   If Uint
stripling does'not rise to be com-
mnrider-in-chief tho service wil suffer, und I am no Yorkshireman. He
is a jewel? Ibit what about the other
I'd love to bo u Baptist, and with
the baptists stand,
A rebate in my packet, an oil-can in
my hand;
Yet were 1 John, the Baptist,   with
oily aureole,
1  hardly   think  I'd  blow  myself   to
save the heathen soul.
John's soul Is altruistic, his sympathies are wide,
He loves to do his neigh mr good,
and does him—on the   .Ida;
Yet when he boosts up kci-osino to
aid some moral cause.
He seems to grease the hinges of a
million angry jaws.
John's money may be laiutol, but
then that sort of taint
Seems only soul-disturbing t-> a Congregational saint;
The Baptist brother's conscience if
firm but never rash;
He may rave at rum (tad rni-ueii ,
but—he never shies at rash.
My charity is broad enough to tn.in
that moral din
Which  says   tnat  restitution atones
for no man's sin;
I feel  that   restitution   relieves the
burdened soul,
And—pitying—make rnv  nocket   that
restitution's  goal.
How  sad,    how  vain,  how  -.tasteful
this vaulting moral pride,
Which hotly holds that talnt.nl <i>sh
should  sternly  be denied.
I would not pain the feelings of e'en
a millionaire;
And  John  D.'s  white  man's burden
1 cheerfully would share.
The clamor of the righteous disturbs
no soul serene;
The raging of the heathen excites no
Christian spleen;
The  stricken,   meek  and  lowly,  tan
turn the other cheek;
For the men who lands the loi.ster
ran afford to eat the leek.
—foseph Smith, in Life.
A letter which describes an admirer's visit to the shrine of a celebrated author—it was written by a modern "Clarissa Harlowo"  reads:
"All my illusions are destroyed! I
caught a glimpse of him in slippers
—and heard him swear at a messenger boy and saw him kick the cat
ten feet.    He is frightfully human!"
IN 1950.
When Wall street first caught the
fever for "industrial combination:/'
and began the reorganization of everything in sight, one of the votaries
of high finance found himself in Chicago in extreme need of communicating with his Sew York  oiiice.
He had almost completed an arrangement for the consolidation of
several western enterprises, but in
order to get. tho final authority he
needed from New York, he must explain all he had done by wire to his
There was'' no time to write. Ho
had no cipher code. Cor a long time
he tried to think out some way lo
send the information so that it would
be plain to his partners and meaningless to anyone else. His secret was
a valuable one, and once sent over
the wire might be sold out to his rivals in Wall  street for a  large sum.
At last he decided to take the
chances in plain English. Ac)brd-
Ingly he wrote the message and gave
it to his assistant to send.
Hall an hour later, when the assistant came back, he asked him if
he had sent it.
"Not just that way," said the
clerk, "I re-wrote it, the first word
on a postal blank, the second on a
Western Union, and so on. I sent
half by each company, and neither
half meant anything. Then I sent a
second message b.v one line, saying,
'Read both messages together, alternating words'."
The scheme wen too simple for tho
high financier to have evolved, but
It worked perfectly.—Brooklyn Eagle,
"Ah, me," sighed the tainted trust
magnate as he vainly essayed to give
a begger a ten spot, "our ancestors
lived in different times. I've even
heard grandfather say that he once
succeeded in giving away a thousand
"Miss Hlggrns is very self-conscious, is she not?"
"Yes. When someone made a remark about a wolf in sheep's clothing, she took it as a, reflexion on her
Persian lamb coat."
"Don't you think it is disgraceful
to go to jail?"
"Dat depends," said Plodding Pete,
"on what jail you pick out. Some
jails is  right luxurious."
"I saw a pair of those new skin-
colored stockings for women tho other day," said a keen observer yesterday, "or, to be more accurate, 1 saw
a part of a pair. I understand an
attempt has been made to introduce
them in Paris, but on this side, it.
seems, there is a doubt as to whether
they can be made to go, and I don't
wonder. Those I saw were being
worn at the time, and it. is only because I am not affected with heart
disease that I am here to tell the
tale, for the shock was certainly
startling. They are entirely different
from the 'flesh-colored' affairs seen
sometimes on the stage, and look
exactly like the real article. 1 believe they come in several dilTerent
shades, so that tho exact matches
may be hod. The effect is not pleasing anyhow. They 'make you think
of the bare-legged men you see nt
the seashore during the bathing hour.
However, 1 suppose we enn gel. used
to  anything."
Gray had just penned the line,
"Homeward, tho plowman plods his
weary way," when the voice of his
wife wns heard:
"Thomas, go fetch me up a scuttle
of coal from the cellar."
Gray was in fine mettle to complete
the poem after he'd cooled off.
The fierce engagement which took
place the other day at Ilellingham,
Washington, between the Longshoremen and Sailors will go down ln
history ns one of the most notable
battles of modern times. Report has
It that the naval forces (sailors)
were defeated.
Ihtee thousand years or more ago
■••ing Solomon, both sago and bard
PDBerved a fact he noted thus:
'he way  of tho transgressor's
P'he quostion why Ir oft discussed,
I "ut this solution seems complete:
|ne sinnor's way Is herd because
1" trodden b.v ro manv feet I
-Father Tabb, in Smart Sot.
An elderly gentleman opposed to
the use of tobacco approached a
young man who stood on a street
corner smoking a cigar, and asked
him, severely, "How many cigars a
day do you smoke?"
"Three," replied the young man,
'"How much do you pay for them?"
he went  on.
"Fifteen cents each," was the reply.
"Do you realize," went on his inquisitor, "that if you would save
that money, b.v the time you are as
old as I nm you would own that big
building  on  Iho corner?"
"Do you own it?" inquired the
"No,"   was  the response.
"Well, I do," sold the young man.
First pup— Say, Tige, you haven't
a flea about you,  have you?"
Second  pup—Yes;  why?
First pup— I^et's put him on that
stuck-up pug and see the fun."
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convent! a s sembled, affirm ou *
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog.am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should "u«tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecuiirmic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from cspitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitstes the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in •
struggle for possession of the powet
of government—the capitalist to hold"
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, <t capitalist property in
the means of wealth, production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
a* possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
mile of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands i* such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
~  Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
Telephone 298 VICTORIA, B. C.
and Poultry food to obtain
best   results.
COMRADES, strike at the ballot
box on Klei-llon day. and be sure
to  strike  the
Rock Bay  Hotel
When  in   Victoria.
ARNASON BROS., Proprietors
Colonial Bakery
29   Johnson  St.,   Victoria.  H.C.
Delivered  to any  part of  the city.    Ask
Driver   tn   call.      'Phone   819.
Patronize  Clarion Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75.
Bundle*  of 2!> or  more copies   to
one address ut  Ihe rate of on" cent
Victoria General Agent for The
P. 0. Box 444   !        VICTORIA, I. C.
Manslaclirtr of
No 8 Cistro Sf.
VICTORIA, B.C.      	
1! l'.(i IHTERED
71 Goverasiest Street, Victorlo, I. C.
By Edith Child.
The countryside lies buried deep
Beneath bleak winter's pall,
Spring   has   not   roused   it  from   it's
With  the first thrush's call;
Yet   here  we catch  on every street
The  flutter of her gown.
And spy the imprint, of her feet,
Foi- spring has come to town.
The daffodils in splendor flare
Against   the  smoked-grimed   walls;
Along the bonches in the square
The  sun-warmed  loafer sprawls.
The peg-top and the hoop ore here—
The cirrus and the clown;
Ah,   b.v  such  signs  'tis  pussine  clear
Thnt spring has come to fow-.i!
All.  see—n  goddess in her walk,
Sweet  Phyllis draweth  nigh!
I.i\e windllower swaying on  its stalk
When   April  breezes sigh,
Her cheeks, like blossoms, softlv pink
The  sun's  warm  gold,  her crown;
Who.   seeing her,  could   fail   to   think
Thnt. spring has come to town?
Ah,   Phyllis,   'neath   the solemn shell
Convention bids ns wear
Instincts of primnl passion swell
To bid us do nnd dare.
'Tis time to love—nnd Love is best,
Despite the cynic's frown;
Then let us rente, and let us nest,
For spring has come to town!
—The Outlook.
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and tiie
ease with which it is obtained.
One's admiration for Webster's
International Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the information sought and it never over*
whelms one with a mass of mis*
information illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
, England, says: For the teacher, the pu*
\ pil, the student and the litterateur, them
j is nothing better; it covers everything.
! The New and Enlarged Edition recently Is-
aued has 25,000 new words and phrases, a 00n>
pletely revised Biographical Dictionary sad
Gazetteer of tbe World, 8380 pages snd Ml
Our name is on the title-pages of all the
authentic dictionaries of the Webster i
A new railway track layer,•with a
crew of forty men, will lay two miles
of track n day, according to the Indianapolis News. -iThe track layer
has a huge crr.no sixty feet long,
which projects forward over the road
aril hauls behind ir a train of sixteen flatcars loaded with ties and
rails. A continuous double line of
cars moves constantly over rollers
and carries the tie with it. both
rails and ties are seized at the proper time by the machinery and placed on the read in front of the train.
whore they shortly form part of the
track over which it passes. This
device is said to be the most expeditious as well as economical track
layer  in  the world.
"A Test ln Pronunciation" which affords S
pleasant and instructive evening's entertainment.  Illustrated pamphlet also free.   '""
O.&.Q. MEUKIAM CO., Pubs., Springfield^**--,
pe solicit the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
rcquc-.t. Morion & Marion, New York Life Bldg,
Montreal ; aud Washington, O.C, V.S.A.
"Vou should have seen the lion
at dinner," sniffed the monkey, with
a superior eir, "he actually ate his
pie with a knife."
"That's nothing," replied the tiger, "didn't you notice the ostrich?
He ate a knife with his pie."
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class nnd the working
class to be a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the "Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Applicant ,M...	
Address *. j	
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19.
 Chairman         Rec.-Sec
Newspaper Publishing
Iff** ARE MAKING a specialty
^y^y    of     newspaper    publishing,
and  are  prepared    to   give
estimates on printing   all    kinds    of
weekly  or  monthly  publications.     If
-mi  are thinking of publishing   any
kind of pamphlet or other matter necessitating n  large amount  of  type-
selling,  corns to  us as we are par
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 836                                                 VANCOUVER, B. C.
ticularly equipped for Just sucn work.
Also  anything In   the  way  of office
stationery,   business   cards   and  advertising matter handled  with neatness and despatch.
Mail   orders  for  Job    Printing  from
other districts will be promptly executed to tho letter and sent return
mnil.     Prices the same as for work
done in  this city.     Try us with an
1 11
1 'V
i :>4i m
the wfcisrrttM tJLAkum, VANobtmiB, s. a.
June 10
A Chapter from "Capital"
The   Production  of   Surplus  Value.
The product appropriated by the
capitalist is a use-value, as yarn.
for example, or boots. Hut, although boots are, in one sense the
basis of all human progress, und
our capitalist is a decided -progressist," yet he does not manufacture
boots for their own sake. Use-value,
is, by no means, the thing "iruon
same pour lui-memo" in the production of commodities. Use-values arc
esily produced by capitalists, because
and in so far us, they ure the material substl-atuni, the depositaries
of exchange vulue. Our capitalist
has two objects in view: in the first
place he wants to produce a use-
value that has a value in exchange.
tnat is to suy, an article destined to
be sold, a commodity; and secondly,
he desires lo produce a commodity
whose value shall lie greater than
the sum of the values of the commodities used in its production, that
is, of the means of production and
the labor-power, that he purchased
with his good money in the open
market. His aim is to produce not
only use-Value but value; not only-
value, but nt the same time surplus value.
It must be borne in mind that we
are now dealing with the product ion
of commodities, anil that, up to this
point, we have only considered one
aspect of the process. lust as commodities are, at the same time, use-
values end values, so the process ol
producing them must be a labor-pro-
cess, and at Ihe same lime, a process of creating value.
f>'t us now examine production as
a creation of value.
We know Ihat the value of each
commodity is determined by the
quantity of lnbor and material
expended in it by the working-time necessary, under given
social conditions for its production.
This rule also holds good in the case
of the product that, accrued to our
capitalist as a result of the labor-
process carried on for him. Assuming this product to be 10 lbs. of
yarn, our first step is to calculate
the quantity of labor realized in it.
For spinning the yarn, raw material is required; suppose in this
case 10 lbs. of cotton. We have no
need nt present to investigate the
value of this cotton, for our capitalist has, we will assume, bought it
at its full value, sny of ten shillings.
In this price the lnbor required for
the production of the cotton is already expressed in terms of the average labor of society. We will further assume that the wear and tear
of the spindle, which for our present
purpose, ,may represent all other instruments of labor employed, amounts to the value of 2s. If, then,
twenty-four hours' labor or two
working days, are required to produce the quantity of gold represented by twelve shillings, we have here,
to begin with, two days' labor already  incorporated  in  the yarn.
We must  not let   ourselves  he misled   by   the  circumstance    that      the
/*cotton  has  taken  a  new  shape  while
the substance of  the spindle has  to
a certain extent  been   used  up.     By
the general law of value, if the value
of   40    lbs.    of     yarn     equals     thi;
value of 40 lbs.  of cotton,  plus   th"
value of a whole spindle,  i.e.,  if the
same  working  time     is  required    to
produce  the commodities  on   either
side of this equation, then 10 lbs. of
yarn are an equivalent for 10 lbs. of
cotton,   together   with   one-fourth   of
a spindle.     In  Ihe  case  we are considering   the  same   working   time    is
materialized   in   the   10  lbs.   of  yarn
on  the one hand,  and in the 10 lbs.
of cotton und the fraction of a spindle on the other.    Therefore, whether
value-appears in cotton, in a spindle
or in yarn,  makes  no  difTerrenco   in
that value.    The spindle- and cotton,
instead   of  resting    quietly    side  by
•side,    join    together   in   the   process,
I  their forms are altered, and they are
|  turned  into yarn;   but  thoir value is
I  no more affected by  this fact than it
I  would   be   if   they   had   been   simply
I {exchanged   for    their  equivalent   in
Sfi yarn.
The labor required for the produc-
I tion of the cotton, the raw material
I of the yarn is part of the labor ne-
I cessary to produce yarn, and is t.hcre-
I fore contained in the yurn. The
I sainc'npplics to ihe labor embodied
in the spindle, without whose wear
I and tear the cotton could not be
Hence,  in determining the value of
the yarn, or Ihe labor-time necessary
for   its    production,    all   the   special
processes carried on at various times
and  in different    places,  which  were
necessary,   first   to   produce   the   cot-
I   ton   and   the  wasted  portion    of   the
spindle,   and  then     with   the cotton
nnd   Spindle   to  spin   the  yarn,    may
.   together  be   looked  on  as different
and successive phases of one and  ihe
sshio process.    The whole of the la-
.   hor .in the yarn is past   labor;    and
it, is n mutter of no importance that
I   the operations necessary for the pro-
l   duction   of   its   constituent   elements
were carried  on  at   times  which,  referred   to   the  present,   nre  more  remote  than    the    final    operation    of
'■ ..spinning.     If a definite quantity   of
!   Irfbor,   say  thirty  days',   is  required
to  build  a  house,   the  total  amount
of  labor  incorporated   in  it  is    not
altered by the fact  that the work of
the  last    day    is    done    twenty-nine
days   Inter   thnn    that    of   the   first.
Therefore the labor  contained  in  the
An Opportune
Time for Reading
Drop in and see our splendid assortment
.if reading matter. Try our book
exchange. Return two old books and
lec.'ive one new one.
311 Abbott Street       Vancouver, B. C.
Mail order* promptly attended to
raw materia] and the instruments ol
labor   can   be   treated   just   us   il     it
were- expended in an earlier >tuge of
the spinning process, before the lubor   oi  actual  spinning commenced.
The value oi the means of production, i. v., the cotton and the spin-
dJe, Which values are expressed ill
the price of twelve shillings, are
therefore constituent parts of the
value of the yarn, or, in other words,
jl   the  value of  the product.
Two conditions must nevertheless
be fulfil led. First, the cotton and
.spindle must concur in the production ol a use-value; lhe\ must in
the present case U-corne \arn. \ a-
lue  is independent  of  Uie  particular
USe-Value   by   Which   it   IS   borne,   but
it must be embodied in a use-value
of some kind. Secondly, the time
occupied in the labor of production
must not exceed the lime reallj necessary under the given social conditions oi the case. Therefore, if no
more than 1 lb of cotton I*.- requisite
lo spin l ii> of yarn, care must be
taken thai no more than tins weight
of cotton is consumed in the production of 1 lb "i yarn: and similiaily
wiih regard to tin- spindle. "Though
the capitalist have a hobby, and use
a gold instead ui a steel spindle, yet
de- onlj labor thai counts for anything in th'- Milne .,1 tie- yarn Is
that which would lie required to produce a Bteel spindle, because ii" more
is nei essar> under given sir nil conditions.
We now know what portion of the
value of the yarn is owing tn the
cotton und the spindle. It amounts
to twelve shillings, or the value of
two days wink, The next point for
our consideration is, what portion
of thu value oi ihe yarn is added to
the cotton b.v the labor nf the spinner.
We have now to consider this labor under a very different aspect
from that which it. had under the
labor-process; there, we viewed it
solely as that particular kind of human activity which changes cotton
into yarn; there, the more the labor
was suited to the work, Ihe better
tjie yarn, other circumstances remaining lhi; same. The t labor ol" the
spinner was then viewed as specifically different from other kinds of
productive lalior, different on the
one hand in its special aim, viz.,
spinning; different nn ihe other hand
in the special character of its operations, in the special nature of its
menus of production and in the special use-value nf its product. For
the operation spinning, cotton and
j spindles aie a necessity, but for making rilled cannon they would be of
no use whatever. Here, on the contrary, where we consider the labor
of the spinner only so far as it is
value-creating, i. e., a source of
value, his labor differs in no respect
from the labor nl' the man who bores
cannon, or (what here more nearly
concerns us| from the labor of the
cotton-planter and spindle-maker incorporated in the means of production ft It. is solely by reason of this
identity, thut col ton-plant ing, spin-
dle-inuking and spinning, are capable of forming the component parts,
differing onlj quantitatively from
each other, of one whole, namely,
the yarn. Here we have nothing
more to do with the quality, the nature and the special character of the
labor, but merely with its quantity.
And this simply requires to be calculated. We proceed upon tne assumption that spinning is simple, unskilled labor nf a given state of society. Hereafter we shall see that
the contrary assumption would make
no difference.
While the laborer is at work, his
labor ((instantly undergoes a trans-
format inn; from being motion it becomes an object without motion ;
from being the laborer working, it
becomes the thing produced. At. the
end of one hour's spinning, the act
is represented by a definite quantity
of yurn; in other words a definite
quantity of labor, namely, that of
one hour, has become embodied in
the col ton. We su.V labor, i. e., the
expenditure of his vital force by the
spinner, and not spinning labor, bo-
cause the spe( ial work of spinning
counts here, only so far as it is the
expenditure of labor-power in general, nnd not in so far as it is the
specific   work   nf   the spinner
In the process we are now considering, it is ui extreme Importance
that no more lime lie consumed in
ihe work of transforming ihe cotton
into ynrn than is necessary under
Hn- given sociul cnnditiions. If under
normal, i. o., average social conditions of production A pounds of cotton ought In be made into 11 pounds
of yarn by one hour's labor, then a
day's labor does not count as 12
hours unless  12  pounds   nf    cotton
huve been made into 12. H pounds of
yarn for in tin' Creation of value, the
time that is socially necessary alone
Nol only the labor but also tho
raw material and the product now
appear in quite a new light, very different from thnt in which we viewed
them in the labor-process pure and
simple. The raw material serves
now merely as an absorbent of a
definite quantity of labor. Hy this
absorption it is in fact ("hanged into
yarn, because it is spun, because labor-power in the form of spinning is
added to it; but the product, tho
yarn, i.s now nothing more than a
measure of the labor absorbed b.v thi-
cotton. If in one hour 1 2-8 lbs.
of cot I on enn lie spun into I 2-'I lbs.
of ynrn, then 10 lbs,of yarn indicate
tiie absorption of 6 yours' labor.
Definite quantities of product, these
quantities being determined by experience, now represent nothing but
definite quantities of labor, definite
masses of chrystoJised labor-time.
They are nothing more than the mn-
terinli/ation of so many hours nr so
ninny days of social labor.
We are here no more concerned
about the facts, that, the labor is
the specific work of spinning, that
its subject is cotton and its product
are held every Sunday Evening at 8 o'clock
Socialist Partyof Canada
J. G. MORGAN, Secretary.
Vancouver, B.
Headquarters:   313 Cambie Street, Room 1
yarn, than we are about the fact
that the subject itself is already a
product and therefore raw material.
If the spinner, instead nf spinning,,
were working in a coal mine, tho
subject nf his labor, the coal, would
be supplied by Nature; nevertheless,
la definite quantity of extracted coal,
a hundred weight, for example,
would represent a definite quantity
nf absorbed labor.
\\- assume nn the occasion of its
sale, that the value nf a day's labor-
power is three shillings, and that six
hours' labor are incorporated in that
sum: and consequently that this amount of labor is requisite tn produce
I he necessaries nf life dail.s required
nn an average by ihe laborer. If
now our spinner by working for one
hour, can convert 1 --'" lbs. of cotton into 1 l!-.'' lbs. of yarn, it follow^ ihat in six hours he will convert in lbs. of cotton into 111 lbs.
of yarn. Hence during the spinning
process, tbe cotton absorbs six hours'
labor. The same quantity nf labor
is also embodied in a piece of gold
of the value of three shillings. Consequently by the mere labor of spinning, a value of three shillings is
added   to   the  cotton.
(Concluded next week.)
The principle of the common roller
window curtain has been adopted to
the handling of the sails of vessels
b.v a retired sea captain, who has invented a system by which thesails
can be raised or reefed from the
deck without, tho use of steam power. Practically, the device consists
oi a set of winches placed at the font;
nf each must, whereby a single man
by turning a crank can furl, unfurl
or reef a sheet in one minute. These
winches are so arranged as to take
up their own slack by reversing cogs,
the sails the selves w-orking on
sleeves encircling the yards. Hy
slipping a brake the sheets are allowed to unfurl themselves by a system of counterbalancing weights.
With one seaman working at the
cranks the yards can be braced,
eased away, or hauled around before
ihe wind in a few minutes, and the
sails can be held at any desired angle to the wind. This is a sad blow-
to the "jolly tar" as even -a land
lubber can turn a crank. The jolly
sailor songs may now be appropriately set to hand-organ music.
{Burns & CoJ
X        HARDWARE and
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock of   J
j.   Cook Stoves in the City
Boom   Chains,    Augers,   Ixig-  £
gees'   .lucks,   lite.
We have moved into our new
ami   commodious   promises :
138 Cordova St., Cast
X 'Phone 1579       Vancouver, B. G.
' Vancouver, B. C. June Ii, 190.*i,
Headquarters Vancouver Local. —
Present: Comrades Burns (chairman),
Peters, Stebbings, lx-ah, Wilkinson
and  the  secretary.
The minutes of previous meeting
were  read  and  adopted.
The following correspondence was
dealt  with:
From Claresholm, Alberta, notifying intention of organizing i local
and asking for n copy of constitution, etc. Received und complied
A bill from the Clarion for 135.00
on account of advertising und printing was laid on table till next meeting.
natural   conclusion   would  have u.
correspondingly    shortened    ...*,"*
|condition of those who i„,„i    "»
i if 1.1- l    e'lttiv .1.
world s   wealth   proportionately
(•Unrated.    This would have i'.**
natural   nnd   reasonable  cxiKvf^i"
and  if  it  has not  been verirwoipl
because monopoly of mone>
the   natural   sources   of
enabled  a  class    to
^^^^^^^^^^_       ^'iec   ii|,0|
th»*e   Inventions   and  confiscat,
their  own  use  the additional «
produced.        The    enormous    w
which   has,   during   Hi,.   pag,      ""Jj
Of   a   century,    accumulated    ,n ,J
hands  of   millionaires,   taoj   |K. am
with sufficient  accuracy, tn reo™
the    additional    production    it
world due to labor-saving m^
Were it not   for reasons of ,
Bourgeois   hack    writers   are    now
engaged in giving Ihe proper construction to the meaning of the term
"yellow peril." They have discovered that Japanese business enterprise
has followed close in the wake of the
victorious armies, and is establishing itself in trade in such a way ns
to deprive American and European
merchants of a hitherto lucrative
market. Imitations of American and
European goods are made in Japan,
branded with counterfeit labels, and
shipped into Korea and Manchuria
where they are sold nt prices that
shut out those of American nnd
European make. Japanese business
men are Inying hold of all the valuable concessions, and securely establishing themselves as the dominant
power, much to the disgust of white
thieves in general. This presages the
loss of white prestige in the Orient,
and is quite sufficient to cause the
cold shivers to run down the spine
of every white-skinned highbinder of
the entire European anil American
pack. This sort of a "yellow peril"
is indeed a threatening one. It is
the niilv sort that, could excite any
genuine terror in the minds of white
ittapitalists. /
• •
: B.C.Provincial Executive :
• Socialist Party of Canada.        *
• •
Voncouvi r.   11.   0.,   June  <i,   1905.
I Headquarters    Vancouver    Local. —
[Present: Comrades Burns (chairman),
[Pctors,   Stebbings,   Leah,     Wilkinson
and  Ihe  .secretary.
The minutes of previous meeting
were  rend   and  adopted.
The following correspondence was
dealt   with:
Prom Comrade O'Brien reporting
meetings in Toronto and Montreal.
Received   and   acknowledged.
Prom Vananda Isical and I.ady-
jsmith Local concerning the political
Situation in Alberni. The secretary
i was Instructed to write those locals
and  to  Comrade  Hawthornthwaite.
Prom Greenwood Local enclosing
$3 for due stamps. Received and
iGreenwood   Local,    No  9,   due
stamps  *3.00
,  .u ProQt
privilege   of   the  capitalist   ,lilss
this   wealth   would   be   in   the
of  the class   which   produced it
ers'   Journal.
Metropolitan  in its  every  aspect thut    truly   applies   to   this
it ore. We aim to be down-to-the minute with everything, and our
equipment permits the realization of this desire. Everything that
is newest and best has a showing here, and we acknowledge no
SLITS  810.00 UP TO *25.00.
Corner Granville and
Pender Streets
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
Every new  machine  invented ought
Ito tie. and, with a just industrial
System; would be, hailed us n blessing to labor; for every such invention
Would lighten the burden of toil und
extend the time which would be left
for Ihe cultivation Of the mind. But
under   our   competitive   system  the
! words "labor saving" machinery
have become a misnomer. Instead
of saving labor and lightening its
burdens,  each  new- machine  threatens
'men with loss of employment and
makes the problem of existence more
dark   nnd   difficult.     This  ought  not
ito be; the inventive faculty wns given to man to enable him to escape
from laborious nnd exhaustive toil,
and   to  save  time  in  whlfh  he could
Cultivate his mind.
Surely all but the mentally .blind
enn see that n system that allows,
nay, enables, a few to monopolize nil
valuable inventions and which puts
Ilesh and blood into competition with
iron and steel, is a vicious one, and
one which, so far from assisting in
the development of man's highest
nature, is calculated to brutalize and
degrade him. If the thoughts which
must arise in the minds of earnest
men, when they contemplate the almost complete failure of labor-saving
machinery to shorten the hours of
toil and better the conditions of the
toilers, were honestly followed out
they would, almost of necessity,
cause them to see what the failure
of our present system is due to.
If, a century ago, any one had
foretold the labor-saving machinery
which   has   since   been   invented,   the
The Ottawa  government doe
see its wny cbtir to complete**
ning  the  Halifax  and  Rsqulnud
tificntinns about to in- nbandoneji
the British government, owing i
fact that few of the Canadian nl
appear  to hanker after military
nrs   with    n   Sufficient    intensity
cause them  lo Offer their servicgf
garrison duty.     This is  in itvli
excellent sign. The common |mj
are instinctively feeling thai Ci
belongs to Canadian and kim
capitalists, and that, ns for (I
selves, there would be little
thing at stake whether those i
were garrisoned or not.    Bui
Ithe working people to a man a'
decline to serve for such prurpoMj
Nuse Is not altogether hopeless
should imagine that there men
about enough Canadian capiu]
and therefore utterly useless [im
to make up a suitable garrison
jthe-two   places   mentioned.     .V
country   virtually    belongs to
and   it   might   upon    occasion bi
cessary   from   their   standpoint
certain   military   pleasantries i
Idiilged   iii.   in   order   to  protect
|property,   we  suggest   that   the}
form garrison dut\  themselves,
| would   thus ,be  assured   that  a
| were   attended   to   properly,   uridf
sides   they have   nothing   to ilo
loaf, and they might   as well l.
ing   nt   Halifax    and   Esquitnjl
anywhere  else.
The letter of Mr. F. T. Gates, confidential secretary ,of Rockefeller,
written to the oil magnate at tho
request of Secretary Barton of the
Missionary Board, recommending the
gift of ¥100,000, is now made public
and is interesting reading. The following excerpts from this letter,
which nobody was expected* to see
but Mr. Rockefeller, throw light on
the motives of the philunthrophisl,
ns well as on what the writer calls
"good business policy" of the whole
missionary enterprise from the capitalist   point of view:
"Quits apart from Ihe question of
persons converted, the mere commercial   results of missionary effort  to
our own land is worth, I huve almost
said, a thousund-fold every year of
what is spent on missions. Eor il-
luslration: Our commerce today with
tiie Hawaiian Islands, which are now
Chris-tlianized and no longer take missionary money, is, i am told, si",-
00(1 OO0 per year. Five per cent, of
that in one year would represent all
the money that was ever spent in
christionizing and civilizing the natives. When the missionaries went
there, the Hawaiians were cannibals,
without a dollar of exports or Imports. Today these islands are an
immense source of wealth and of comfort to  the American people.
"What is true of Hawaii is even
more strikingly* true of Japan' and
its commerce. Missionary enterprise,
therefore, viewed solely from a ,'oni-
merciai standpoint, is immensely
profitable. From the point of view
of subsistence for Americans, our import trade traceable mainly to the
channels of intercourse opened up by
missionaries, is enormous. . . Our
export trade is growing b.v leaps and
bounds. Such growth wou^ld have
been utterly impossible but for the
com merci al conquest of foreign lands
under the lend of missionary endeavor. What n boon to home industry
and manufacture I An officer of the
United States Steel Corporation tells
me that that company alone is ox-
porting American products to between forty and fifty different coun
tries. . . We are only in the very
dawn of commerce and we owe that
dawn, with all its promise, more
than to anything else, to the pioneer
work nnd the channels opened up by
Chris! iun   missionaries."
Stripped nf all palaver about the
salvation of the heathen, missions
are thus considered ns a "business
proposition.'' Who says Chrifft'iafflily
is not commercialized?—'Ihe Vanguard.
The World's Work refers to Hie recent decision of the United States
Supreme Court which knocked out
ihe bakers1 ten-hour law, as "a sort,
of warning, a danger signal lo tho
lulmr organizations and all others,
thnt the individual has certain inalienable rights which cannot be legislated away from him." What
that worthy magazine reivlly means
is that capital has inalienable rights
that cannot be legislated away so
long as it remains in control of the
executive and judicial powers of
government. The right of all rights
that it possesses, is that of taking
the last square inch of hide olf the
workingmnn's back. It is especially
the business of the courts to see that
this right is preserved inviolate, and
right well do they attend to it.
It seems that the horrors of war
were brought forcibly home to many
aristocratic St. Petersburg families,
for tho first, time, by tho Battle of
the Sen of Japan. The officers
slaughtered in previous battles had
come principally from the provincial
districts, ami (hus caused no qualms
of horror on the part of St.. Petersburg aristocrats. But Rojestven-
sky's fleet was largely officered by
the spawn of St. Petersburg's best
blood, and when Togo fed large mimbers of Ihem to the fishes-:, it wus
qui to a different matter. Lugubrious
wail<) of anguish wenL'd sk-wu'd,
and the snivelling wns UrrKY. It
wero well to notice ihat none of ii
was caused by the hlaughtat: of the
con mon herd.
Negligee Shirt
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive  patterns are  new
some of the choice ones will bei
early,   and   sumo   of   tho   design!
cannot duplicate,    lf you apfniB
unusual styles it will int«mi f*|
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tho Sfoarteit Soft Hat of the Sewl
These Hats have been enthusi
cally received by young men I
tho very first day we brought I
out. Neither trouble nor en
has been saved in the producthtj
these goods, as you will cJiceriB
acknowledge  upon  examination.
IIS Cordivi Strict
Buy a $1 Ticket
Which   Entitles   You   to   One   Chance
in  150 on a $150 Lot in Van-
Tickets ti be had at Headquarter* eve.
ningi or at 138 Cordova St, east.
Orawing on  June  7th
Cash Grocery StosJ
We also carry a full line ol P
ture, on easy paymonts. at jj
that cannot be duplicated. Kii
inspect our stock.
Cor Woitniaitor Ave and Harrii
Workingmen Aro Always Welcofl
New Fountain Holel|
0. SCHWA HN, Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Ileds, '25 cents jwir night.
Kooms #1.50 per week nnd "Pj
29-ai Cordova St.    Vancouvafi]
Adam and Eve
Cooked with a wood fire.
No wonder there was trouble
in that Family
The way to have l"','n . .-i
fort and cleanliness in the Ij" I
is to do away with tl"' '""J
•rery and dirt of cooking '' I
wood or coat, py using B
Gas Stove
We have them in ,m;l')"(l'1jl
patterns, cheap and of!""'!•'»'• .
are always glad to sln>''' '
(live us a call.
VANCOUVER GAS Co 'Ltd.CM""c-rral,MdBHf H
* *•,,• Vancouver. B. C


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