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The Western Clarion Oct 28, 1905

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 ~r^. _,vi*>l'*tii<_   *
*i x\
* 6<?^
-,     OCT 30 1905
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, Octobfr 28, 1905.
subscription Pries
PB» Yea*
I Booth WouU Uie Eaglaad'i Paaperiied Workers And Tbe Pillage
'5a,rl Scrsb Fer tke Glory ot God.
t'hroniclu" of Friday
It  was   stated
the Premier   of
J , ,. 22 1905,
. Mr, csruthers,
17,h Wales, wrote to Mr. Dea-
K that his government had
'**        General Booth's lauii-
ilile for ^^
900,000 sores
; pjiiiga Scrub,
of land   known
350 miles from
t,, and • •*-'
I aotic«
rough he
at dl»pMn«l     New     8outh
hftS aa a«* °- 1W.«».W*-
1'illiga Scrub is    thu
ilot on It.    Smuattcrs and land
Won. have gone out to   Mount
Tippaburrs, and right up In-
. Nurihwist Corner,  »00 miles
gydniy, but have always fought
oi'tht- 1'illiga Scrub,  which you
is 660 miles nearer Syd-
Kur marly a generation,    the
gin Scrub has been open for scl-
Z on Improvement lease; that Is
that no rent Is to bo    paid,
certain improvements are to   be
ouch ns fencing,  tank-sinking,
nnd yet Australia has hundreds
who ilitoiatly)   would     go
iro itself to make mter-
inil profit on what they call their1
■v, hut they know what the Pil-
Srrub is just as well as    Mr.
jthers   docs.       It   is  reckoned,
,t at thc very lowest estimate it
Id   take 25   acres     lo feed one
Its I'linnpttl  characteristics,
lar as men,  women  and children
concerned are the "sandy blight"
it is. sure eyes almost in psrpot-
,), the Barcoo rot (festering, sca-
soresi, ami   the   Ilarcoo   sickness,
«by a dinner will turn sour    on
Riomaih   as   soon as   it ls eat-
ind has to be vomited out again.
io shnll ilare to deny the gener-
thr   philanthropy,  the   single
tdnen ol the clique, who would
t 20,000 men,  women and  help-
(hililnii  In  such  a  spot,   to   be
Deed nil fur the love of God!
t us iuft!c a comparison.       New
th Wales has a population of less
1,500,000 |>ersons on  192,000,-
teres uf land;      Croat    Britain
Ireland has a population of 48,-
1,000 person* on 72,000,000 acres
land,   yet  in   New  South Wales,
* Government "I^ibor Gazette")
haw Hi., unemployed prolileu;
the some ns in this country. In
1*4, ilut*-,, men,  women and chil-
I fought    for the dainty bits   ln
refuse-bins of the hotels, restau-
ls ami private houses in   Sydney,
possibly   are doing so   today.
ral Booth has his social    wings
there the same as here, picking
out   of the gutter and shoving
the in b.v so dv^ng;  all  to    back
this horrible "scheme,  which in
country  has   18,000,000  people
•"nit with hunsrer  and  20,000,000
M of laml held out of use. In the
IM) Isles  tnxable  incomes     have
»P during the last nine   years
* -.2:2.(1(111.000, and wages this
Will be £70.000,000 less than
were five years ago.     A return
-0 hy the Taxation Cotnmission-
Mont six weeks ago stated that
WM from incomes sent ln for the
year 1904 showed that rents had
gone up to the extent of £ 10,000,000
during that year, and it is to perpetuate such a state of affairs, to
glorify landlords and Cod, that thc
"General" will transport 20,000
people Into the Pilliga Scrub, presumably biraii.se they are not suffering sufficiently here.
A little over twelve years ago— at
the  time  of   the huge  hank  swindle,
when tho    Government    of the day,
(nearly  all   interested  persons)  made
it possible by act of Parliament   for
tho bank  to  lock up for a tern,     of
years     tho     deposits on  which they
were paying .'I |>er cent.,  4  per cent.
or 5 per cent., and loan out to the
some depositors their own money at
8 jwr cent, and 10 per cent., besides
issuing millions of pounds of Treasury motes at n charge of 2$ per cent,
to tho banks—I skirted tho river side
of tho  Pilliga  Scrub and  walked 60
miles without seeing man, woman or
child;  but  that was not  to lie wondered at,  for who would  want to be
In such  a cursed  place;  still  it   has
to be remembered that at that time
it  was     computed  that  60,000  men
were     trumping    New    South Wales
seeking   employment.      Yet   thc    Pilliga  Scrub  is  the place  where   Knglish mon,   women and children are to
be dumped down, to be stricken blind
with     that horrible  scourge,  "sandy
blight," and to rot with the Barcoo,
while  in   this    fair country,  in  Kngland,   Irelund,   Scotland   and    Wales,
millions     of acres of  land  are being
starved  for  the  want   of  labor,    and
the people are chloroformed by pious
hypocrites  under different guises     of
Says Oerabl Massey—
"Thus „aiMi the Ixird,  'Ye weary me
With prayers, and waste your own
short  years.
Eternal  truth ye cannot see,
Who  weep and waste your sight in
[wayers. ^
In vain ye Weep and watch the skies,
No better fortune thus will fall.
Up from  your knees,   1 bid you rise,
And claim the earih for all.
They .ate up earth   and   promised   you
The  Heaven of nn empty  shell,
'Twas  theirs to say,   'twas yours to
tin  pain  of everlasting hell.
'Ihey  rob and leave you helplessly
For the help of I haven to cry and
Heaven  didn't   make your misery,
The earth  was given for all.
Itehold in bonds your mother, Karth,
Tho     rich     man's     prostitute     and
Your mother
You only claim her for a grave.
Then will you die like slaves, and see
Your mother left a fettered thrall?
Nay. act  like men, and set her free
As heritage for all!'
lf General Dooth and Mr. Carruth-
ers,  with  the others of that ilk who
back  them up, could be put in    the
Pilliga Scrub on Christmas Pay, and
kept there until thc end of   March, I
am certain  if  they  survived tho ordeal     they      would  come  out  wiser,
though    sadder,    men— It-   M.    Andrews, in London Justice.
proletariat with no religion, but a
sturdy proletariat with a very definite, if materialistic, substitute for a
religion, with an organization, with
speakers who are at least as able as
the theological colleges can produce
and without any doubt as to their
working class syni|>athies."
What  gives  Socialism  an  incalculable advantage over all   trades   unionism  and   independent   societies    is
its tremendous organizing faith in a
final world conquest,   Going out    of
the    close and    often sordid air   ot
trades union squabbles into  the   atmosphere of  Socialist idealism, erven
the calm and hostile critic  must feel
the force  of  this faith in the   great
unseen    dream    of    an ultimate and
complete  victory.     This uplifting vision  was   what marked   the  message
of early Christianity, as over against)
the most    effective   and most democratic  of  the other  religious unions.
These offered,  indeed,  temporary   refuges,     promising    to every member
some warmth    and shelter while   he
lived and  a decent burial     when   he
died.   The Christian guild  was   profitable both for this life and the life
to come and stirred men's blood   by
the promise that soon, no man could
tell how soon, thc meek,  the oppressed,  the  poor and  the  slave   would
inherit   the earth, and  would    reign
triumphant; where    they were    now
suffering     seemingly  final   hefeat    in
lire's battle.
Out of this proletarian character,
so strongly marked in the early
church, came anoUier peculiarity
which also is noteworthy in Marxian Socialism. A possessionless class
is not only a relatively unstable population, but one in which national
iceling is weak. The Christian or
Socialist group is bound to become
cosmopolitan in sympathy. The group
is no longer based on geographical
considerations; the organizing conception is a common discontent nnd
a common hope. The proletariat of
the days of .lesus, like the proletariat of today, felt itself cut off from
national ambitions, and class feeling
became stronger than all national
feeling. The common burden of economic inferiority acted powerfully in
detaching   the  various   possessionless
classes from the old group lines, ahd
bringing them together in a new solidarity of common interest. This
could not happen without a struggle
in the days of Jesus. Paul's principal battle was for just such a new
solidarity on the basis of a common
faith. He felt, and rightly felt, that
the future of Christianity was staked on that issue.
In precisely tho same way, the old
National Socialist Party of Germany, now decently buried, was an
attempted protest against the cosmopolitan character of the Social-
Democracy. It was an utterly vain
attempt, and died an ignominous
The National Socialist Party fail-
l-d to take into account an entirely
new standard of valuation produced
by the very conditions of the proletariat life and hope.
The real strength of Socialism is
not its dogmas, but its faith In a
supersensuous reality, a profound
faith in a coming reign of its ideals
of righteousness.
Thus, in all attempts to understand the rapidly swelling tide of
Socialist enthusiasm, it must be
steadily remembered with what we
are dealing. No intellectual defeat
of the political economy ot Karl
Marx will have any more effect upon
Socialism than the philosophic
sneers of ancient Rome at the miracle stories of early Christianity.
The really vital question before the
existing order today is: How far is
it ready to meet the tremendous
strain of changing economic conditions, or how far is it really as rotten ns Socialist enthusiasm proclaims it to be? If the Socialists
are right, and to them fall the responsibilities of reorganizing a weary
and autgrown civilization, then it is
to be devoutedly wished that they
may become accurate students of the
rise of'the Old Catholic Church, and
that they would more carefully
guard themselves against the dangers that beset it in the hour of its
victory. If the existing order is to
maintain itself, then it must find
some more zeal-inspiring dream than
Tke Wtt-kan L«| Dewa their Twls itf Eaaaae is Biaaatic Oiaioaitratiaai Far
Ualvenal Satrap.
Events   have    recently    taken    a
strange turn in Hungary.   For many
years there has been continuous friction between the Hungarian and Austrian  elements.     This  largely   took
on the form of a quarrel about the
use of the Hungarian language.    Recently the question came up of a renewal of thc Ausgleich,  as the bond
of unity  between  the two countries
is commonly called.    The Hungarians
came forward with the demand for a
further recognition of the Hungarian
language.     The Austrian Minister of
the Interior thinking he saw an   opportunity to spread confusion in   his
opponent's ranks proposed   lo    couple the grant of this with a law providing for universal suffrage.  He certainly  accomplished his  object,    but
he also conjured up forces of   whose
existence he evidently never dreamed.
The aristocratic Hungarian   patriots
who had been shouting so loud    for
a free Hungary at once drew back in
dismay at the proposition of a freedom which should include the   working   class.      The   socialists, on the
other hand,    who had stood    some
what aloof from the language   question, now suddenly became most enthusiastic patriots,    at least so far
as this question of universal suffrage
\vos  concerned.       From  Politik,    of
Prague,   we  take the following description of the result:
"Throughout the whole country,
meetings with almost countless attendants are being held. Whereas the
socialists have hitherto come only
'fom the Magyars, at the present
time they find themselves supported
by a great mass of people of all nationalities." Indeed so far has this
agitation has gone, Hungary is practically in a state of revolution. Old
party lines have been wiped out both
   _,..-      Ai-  .   -.      -..._,      .in  Austria    and  Hungary,  and   the
any yet on the horuon of either ten- L-tnister of lhe inU)rioT l8 ^ ^ly
dal Romanism or rndrvidual Protest- ,rightened at the re8ult of his politi.
antism. ..*■"■
Oilier Fraai Ordinary Sneak Thievea Oaly ia tha Qeality af Their Ralamrt aad
tha Maaaltaie af TJielr Thievery.
Karth,   who  gave you
H Article la Tha Narth Aaurlcaa Review, by Prelewor Hall, el Ualea
Theelealcal Seaiiaary.
'n Socialism,    a new hope   and a
» lulih have found definite expres-
*"•    In \ieW of such  possible riv-
lr'. it is high suggestive that  tho
;-ti()inic world conditions today IV
roaioB, in many ways,  those which
(•"'inly furthered the spread of en
(Uilud „,„■ dogmatic Christianity.
°*. «»   in the days of Home, the
-•Id is physically united, aa lt has
11 t»vn since tho fall of Uio     Em-
■*'•   Since ,hen, not until tho las'
'•fry wus travel  as safe and     m
l,-r,nt as in  the days  of    Roman
"-"nation.      Now,    as     then,  mo
'<"■'- is Intellectually under  tho do-
""••<«> ot a common stock of Minis'
- methods,    Vhat Oreoco <••■   loi
* Roman world, experimental
"*"■* dues for us. Now, as then,
,ro<! Jongues give any teacher tho
•s of iho world's real leaders, and
• -"Ida extent of tho world's dom-
ion (rives ft freedom of Utterance
_?•> the smaller conditions of life
■* liniKissible before, and which
™W the student of the really as-
••uuting liberty of speech permitted
,. ,n"' Moreover, now, as in tho
1,8 of the Bra-Mrs, the land    open
Mploltatlon is rapidly passing
liara w h*-n»i8. and the city poi"-
„'on '•icreascs at the expense ot
".-ountry as it did in the days of
"• end tKrimHy to tho alarm of
^rosponslblo power-prosstoig class.
, ^onomlc factors that shaped
ntfiSE? lhc 'ortunios of early
.wM-anity ilttve never been fully
rinnT0**' Hut the modern his-
" ih beginning more and moro
wESP11* *ho fact that the Old
an*. (;h'"-ch rose to power bo-
itt '"n'1""* existing economic con-
,|.. "R. " was tho only organiratlon
^.-rufflctent "*       "
worthy that
of thot day
in our own.
linnily .Was
the struin and tension
Hutch finds reproduced
Not indeed, that Chris*
 „  w the     only   organization
among the proletariat:
"Tho Itomun world was overspread with religious societies. There
was no longer any fixed religion, hut
there were religions in plenty -   .
Thero   were  none,   especially
lower  classes of  Ihe  psoplo,
not   belong   to
SOcil" ties    were
.~...,.i...l   i.roincniuim.
of     the
who did
some,   union   ol   Uie
Tho members of the
       even  formed  into  a
sort of general  brotherhood."
ln fact,   the  t'luisiinn  Church
heir to a muss of proletarian organ
in u  manner  only    compar
way in which today   So
^^^^^^ to trades   un
ions and reform agencies of oven middle class origin.
Something,  however,  had   happen
ed  in   the  religious  world  of   lower
class Rome.    As Sohm says:    "Their
had    been      emptied      of its
Just, thnt has happened    i**
able  to  the
clnlism is falling hair
The recent disclosures in the affairs of the Equitable Assurance
Company furnish a series of object
lessons rich and juicy with food for
The most "eminent" financiers,
statesmen, promoters, politicians and]
moralists in the land are in the list
of thieves and grafters who, if justice were done—which, of course, is a
very foolish "if"—would all go to
the penitentiary, not as common criminals, but as professional cracks,
men, caught in the act of rifling the
contents of the bank vaults of the
Thc list includes such well known
Christian gentlemen—gentlemen and
thieves—as Levi P. Morton, Chauncey M. Depew, August Belmont, Robert T. Lincoln, degenerate son of his
illustrious sire, George Gould, et al.
There are more than twenty multimillionaires in thc gang.
Of coursei
That is the way to get rich in
capitalism and these are the buccaneers who aro hold up by the public
press—while Uiey hold up the people—as paragons of purity, and models of manhood who were once poor,
nnd unaided and alone "worked"
their way from poverty and obscurity to wealth and fame.
One of our humorists commenting
on the experiments that are being
made t"o produce, by grafting, a
seedless apple, said that the gentlemen above named and their pals
were engaged in the larger and for
more ini|«iitnnl work of producing,
by graffing. a cashless insurance
company and a coinloss community.
These gentlemen are the very cream
of capitalist society; they represent
the highest expression of its ethics
and morals. ^^^~
('aught in thc act of robbing the
unsuspecting people while admonishing them to be virtuous, honest and
law-abiding, a snap-shot at the
group rbveals at a glance the brazen
ellrontery and vulgar duplicity of
these rich and respectable rascals.
With them, stealing is a fine art.
They are at once the best and the
worst specimens of their system, the
capitalist system, conceived in crime,
brought forth in corruption, develop,
ed in robbery and perpetuated in slavery.
In this system to take from another clumsily and by force to satisfy an actual want or a pressing need
is theft and punished accordingly,
but to organize a gang of pirates in
high life and for these pirates to con-<
coct their conspiracies to rob the
whole people of all thoy have is an
achievement in finance and statecraft
of such dazzling brilliancy as to merit the highest commendation.
Here we have a complete vindication of the theory of economic determinism.
Morals are but the reflex of economic conditions. The most eminent
specimens the capitalist system has
produced prove to be its most conscienceless scoundrels, its most colossal thieves.
The reason for this is self-evident.
The Capitalist competitive system is
essentially immoral, brutal, hypocritical and heartless.
These capitalist sand-baggers all
attend church and solemnly join in
the prayers that God Almighty may
increase the opportunities of the
What a picture; And what an invitation for Jesus Christ and his
rich man's cat-o'-nine-tails!
Since thc eruption of Ekpiitable Assurance, the pus has been flowing
like tides of lava down mountain
sides. It is the tapping of but one
of the ulcers of capitalism. The rest
are ecpially ripe and will be reached
in due order.
Down with the capitalist system!
Down with the exploitation of the
working class! Down with the rich
and respectable robbers!
Up with tho working class! Up
with the Socialist Republic! Up with
Freedom and Humanity.
The end of the old and tbe beginning of the new are noar. — E. V.
Debs, in The Vanguard.
caJ trick as to consider thc advisability of withdrawing it.
On thc 10th of September the Hungarian parliament met,only to adjourn again, until the 10th of October. The occasion of the meeting,
however, was utilized for a tremendous demonstration in favor of universal suffrage by the wor'nurs of Budapest. We take the following account from tho Berlin Vorwarts:
"The- tremendous movement which
is being carried on hy the Hungarian working class for Uie attainment
of universal and cxfual suffrage reached its highest point lin the march upon the parliament building which was
held today. Amidst the ring
ing sound of thc Marseillaise the laborers marched towiards the parliament building. From all ends and
corners of the great city the revolutionary song sounded. Budapest
has never before seen such a popular
them   came    a   long line of women,
factory  workers,  marching, also sing
ing    the Marseillaise,     towards   tbe
meeting place.    These  wore  placards
across their breasts with the inscription,   "Give   us universal  suffrage!"
On the open space before the parliament  building  the  great  assemblage
gathered until it was estimated that
over     60,000    people  were present.
Tho red placards in their hats formed  long  flaming  lines.     Over     their
heads waved tho flags and thu   lian-
ners and out of the tumult rose the
red  placards    wilh  the  inscriptions.
Far back from the main body    ran
streets black with human beings, unable to    reach    tho meeting ground.
After  somo preliminaries  a committee was at lost admitted with a petition reading as follows:
Honorable    President!    The jeti-
tion    which    I, with my comrades,
bear, speaks in the name of the   unprivileged  millions   of   this    country
to those who have the right   which
we desire, and who, because of this
privilege constitute the present Hungarian parliament.    If you, Mr. President, will    look around you,   and
throw your glance out upon the parliament grounds you will gain a picture of what is taking place throughout the entire country.    We are but
a few here, many more remain without  before  the door of  parliament,
and further out in the land there are
yet millions    more   standing at the
door of the constitution. Because of'
an out-grown election    aw  l.iigary
is divided into    two parts:   uto the
citizens of a first and second degree.
Law,    which    should    be a common
good of all, uniting all, drawing   us
all closer together, creates priviliges
and raises  barriers between  us.   To
raise  this privilege  to  a    universal
right, since all are worthy of it, is
our desire.    To tear down these barriers is our object,    lt is our    firm
belief, and    our    inmost conviction,
Uiat this is not only the   desire   of
the millions of unprivileged inhabitants of this country, but that this is
the  only  possibility  and  offers     tho
only means by which Hungary may
become great, large and strong. For
the social, cultural, and political pro
gress we are firmly convinced    there
is only ono way and that is through
the whole people, who are today surrounded with barriers, and wc therefore petition this house of representatives to abolish these barriers and
then the stream of millions will press
forward    with  irresistible power on
the road of progress and cultural development.     We know well that   we
can receive no answer here,   but we
wish   to    make it known   that    the
word we raise here is the word of tho
people,  and  that    parliament     may
respond to it as an announcement ot
popular will to determine whether it
will prepare the    way to the anpli-
assemblage.        All    industries   were . .    .
closed,  partly  because  of  a fear   of I Mon of the present condition, a con-
the "red terror," partly because   of |dition antagonistic to progress,
the simple fact that the workers
were taking part in the demonstration. All the schools were closed.
In the early hours of the morning,
the curious were occupying every
street where tho procession of laborers was expected. Red placards
were fastened upon the walls of tho
houses, calling upon the workers to
take part in tho demonstration by
"lay down your worki" read these
placards, "Out upon the streets,
workers! Demonstrate for universal
Seven places had Ween chosen for
assembly, and by half past seven
these were thronged with laborers
ready to begin the march, so timed
as to arrive at the opening hour of
parliament, half past eight. At eitfht
o'clock the march began. From Constitution Street came the first sounds!
of tho Marseillaise. It was the type
setters who were singing. Red placards were carried by them bearing
Uie inscription, "Give us the right
to have a    fatherland."     Following
  unjust and hostile to the people.     We
have come to the knowledge and   we
go out from     here with that knowledge    that today  will remain   famous in tho history of Hungary. Even
though thc people may stand in vain
"Before the door  of  the constitution,
and be driven back without    result,
we know this, because wo know that
today is only Uie beginning of    the
battle that is to set the whole   people in motion.    We hope,   however,
that the present day may not   only
become  noteworthy  in  this  manner,
but still more,  because it will indicate the beginning of victory and Uio
introduction of a new epoch ln    the'
history of Hungary in which the people will bc given that which to   the
people belongs, in which Uie   father-
landless shall be given a fatherland"
After an indefinite and uncommunicative reply from the president   tha
deputation withdrew and the assembled thousands dispersed to   take up
anew   tho    agitation with great enthusiasm. — International    Socialist
strength among tho
"■at to reorganise tho bank-
*o'"''l.    Moreover,   tho     whole
of organized  Christianity   is
thc home of Marxian Socialism,    in
the narrow  dogmatism   of
..    nnd     middle    class   state
has left, tho working man   to
And  into  the breach   So-
shed.     Tho day   in
hall   is
the dull
a formal
his fate.
ciali-s-m     has    ru
which   the Socialist  lecture
Xing  the l£^&*fl*
Hays   Mr.
of    thc   most
Socialist   writ-
gins  to alarm even
of a decaying orthodoxy
Austin     Ixiwis,    otno
thoughtful and sano
'.'In  Berlin today,   five  out  of   six
people,  who nro to be seen on    the
'--  to  somo  meeting    or
not to church, but
from the platforms
streets    going
other,  are going,
to hear addresses
g Vho.  SociaM-ocra. ^or*£_
Hghts    an 1   il       »    « ^ hflV_ ftC.
e-W^'^^Jfnf Hubstituting   the
Juiced  the habit of suhstii
Sure hall forjbochur*,
tho latter
■*" a B,v. .   . ■"-a-s-w  unriBuami.*'    ■_•■—•- ,. ,     tn„ ,iiurcn, ■__■_■.■-. himself
"-Cl?  a   ,,0«rw dominatad by that lwt«™ hal ^!"confront a careless!   hog    himself
w,,,,*l responsibility.   It Is   noto*'**"1   no    l0 ^
Mount Blanc by electric railroad is
a possibility set by the traction men
for 1911. The line, on which work
has begun, starts from St. Gervais
and ascends tho north-western dope
of the mountain as far as the peak
Aigulle du Ooutcr, attaining a height
of :i,S73 meters at the terminal. The
trains will make the trip to Uie top
in four hours. There will be a number of stations along the line, where
tho trains will Btop to lot the passengers enjoy a good view of tho
prosi>ect and to enable them to accustom themselves to tho rarefied air
as tho cars pass up tho mountains.
The trains will be composed of an
electric locomotive and two trailers,
carrving a total of eighty passengers. From Aiguille de Gouter, the
ascent to tho summit, at an altitude
of 4,810 meters, can bo made in five
 ©_ —
The fellow who makes tho most
fuss about "dividing up" is usually
tho one who wants to play tho whole,!
The reduction in the price of lh>
quartern loaf from sixpence.to threepence is tho prospect held out by Mr.
Apoetoloff, ot 1-ondon, Eng., who has
invented a new method of bread-mak-
Ho claims that owing to a remark- bring about for centuries
nine-tenths    of their  substance
mains In solution.
Mr. Apostoloft, in securing this
nine-tenths of Uie "middlings ' ic the
baker, and, through the baker to tha
consumer, states that he has achieved that which millers and bakers
have been in   vain    endeavoring   to
Rocked in the billows of the deep
Pacific ocoan, a wood.built non-magnetic sailing vessel of about 600 tons
is expected to make a clockwise spiral course from San Francisco,
through the entire northern part of
the ocean for making a magnetic survey. Tho total length of the proposed cruise is about 70,000 knots,
and the estimated duration is about
three years. The scheme is the outcome of tho recent commercial activity in the Pacific regions which
has necessitated more reliable values
of the magnetic elements. Except for
date from occasional expeditions and
such as were acquired in wooden
vessels years ago, the present magnetic charts in uso depend largely upon.observations mode on islands and
along the coasts, whose prevalent local disturbances make true values
difficult to determine.
o ——
A 1500,000 bloom and ingot foundry to be added to tho National
tube plant, at Lorain, O., will make
it the largest In the world.
able process of milling which he has
discovered it will be possible for
bakers in this country to <•.».. ert
wheat into bread within the space
of three hours, and that the bread
can be sold at a handsome profit
at a reduction of half its ->rcsent
price. This startling development he
says, will be brought about by next
Mr. Apostoloft states that by his
process, not only will the miller's
tee bc saved, but that the output
of loaves will be increased by twelve
to twenty per cent.
One of the inventor's mills is in
Upper Thames street, and although
of small size Uie utility of the mill
is enormous.
It swallows thc wheat grains and
ejects from three shoots flour, middlings and husks, or bran. The
bran is packed away for farmyard
use. The flour goes into a receptacle prepared for it in the bakehouse, while the middlings are not
handed over to tho gluten buyer,
as was hitherto the case, but. are
passed through troughs of tepid water, where they are so treated   that
And not only that, hut at one
stroke, while compelling the wheat
grain to yield up its nutrient qualities to thc last atom, he .would seem
also to have abolished the middleman miller, and to have rendered
flour-blending a work of supererogation, for it is declared by Uie new.
method of bread making by far tho
best loaf will be procurable from
home-grown grain.
When ho announced his discovery to
the National Association of Master
Bakers and Confectioners, Mr. Apoa-
toloff was challenged to a demonstration of his machinery.
He accepted the challenge, and lt
is reported that he showed clearly
that the process was capable of doing everything he had claimed for it.
Already the now plant is being set
up ln Birmingham for a daily    production of sixty tons of bread,
Tho total number of cotton spindles in the Unitod States is reported ns 34,077,524, of which 8,211,-
134 arc in tho Southern, and 15,-
865,790 In tho Northern States.
- I
'_  '■
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• 1  '
lhe Western Clarion
Published every Saturday in tha
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SATURDAY. OCT. 28.  1905.
The working    class at Uie present
time controls     no economic power.
The resources ot Uie earth and    the
machinery of  production being     the
property of thc capitalist class,   affords Uie means whereby that   class
absolutely controls the production of
wealth and appropriates     the    product of labor.     Tho capitalists   are
thus placed in supreme command   of
the workers, who, as they cannot exist wtithout access to the means    of
production, are forced to accept such
terms in regard to their employment,
as the capitalists may dictate. These
terms express themselves   in    wages
and hours of labor, and are in turn
dictated to employers by the circumstances and conditions of the   labor
Market, i.e.,  the number of laborers
in the    market as compared to  the
number    necessary   to meet the   requirements  of capitalist production.
As to whether Uie terms be favorable or otherwise to the workers   depends solely upon these conditions of
the market.    The greater the    number of laborers    available, as    com'
pared    to    the number oi jobs,    the
harsher the terms.      Tho conditions
of the labor market conducive to low
wages,  long    hours and a continual
liiuUi-biiication of labor are becoming
moro pronounced   each   day.      This
arises   from   the continued improvement of tho machinery and the method of production  which enables   .the
capitalists  to  meet  tho requirements
ol the market lor their products,  by
tho    employment    of fewer laborers.
'ihis widens tho margin between   the
number of laborers and    the number
of jobs and sMll further emphasizes
those conditions  that make for lower wages, longer hours and intensified exploitation.
Of   course   tlie   workers  will    resist
the downward trend of, things by every     means    within     their    power.
Squads of them here and Micro along
the field of industry will, for a time,
succeed, through combinaUon and peculiarly  fortunate circumstances  surrounding    their     particular   line  of
work, in withstanding    the pressure,
that tends to force them towards the
acceptance of worse conditions. Theid
success can, however, be but temporary.    Tho ever increasing pressure being brought to bear upon  the wage-
point by    the    continually widening
margin of laborers for whom there is
no place in capitalist industry,   will
eventually  break down  their  resistance, and sweep them, wilh tiieir fellows, all along    tho line, into    the
swamp and bog of still worse    conditions.
As the capitalist system of production becomes moro highly developed
through the improvements in its mechanical factors, this development expresses itself in the huge combinations of capital that today rule supreme in the field of wealth production.
These huge combinations, few in
numbers and bound together as one
by a mutuality of Interest which
arises from the fact that Uie stock
of numerous corporations, is in
many cases held by the same persons, become the very embodiment of
mobilised economic power; a power
so vast, far-reaching aod complete,
that it not only controls that portion of Uie field of wealth production covered by the direct holdings
of these huge corporations, but such
scattered means of production as
may still remain nominally the property of lessor capitalists outside of
these corporations.
This mobilization of economic power, attained by the resistless onward
march of capitalist progress, has of
necessity, been marked by a corresponding progressive loss of
power upon the part of the
working class. As economic
power    becomes    more    completely
massed in the hands of these giant
combinations of capital, it becomes
more completely lost to the workers.
The one circumstance is predicated
upon the other. The more complete
Uie mastery of capital the more absolute the slavery of labor. Slaves
have no control over the means of
wealth production. They are wlth-
fout economic power. The olden-time
worker, in the days of handicraft and
the guild, owned the tools of production and the raw materials, with
which and upon which he worked.
He was in control of economic power, _ and therefore possessed the basis
upon which to build an economic organization. So long as the tools of
production remained at that stage
(hand tools), his organization survived and wielded no small Influence
upon Uie affairs of his time. His
successor—the wage-slave of today-
controlling no factor of wealth production, therefore being without economic power, has no basis upon
which to build an economic organi
zation.' His efforts along such lines
result in the erection merely of a
house of cards that collapses with
the first adverse wind that blows,
Capital stands supreme in its control of the field of production, because of its ownership of the means
upon which the workers of necessity
depend for an existence, i.e., the re-j
sources of the earth and the machinery of production. By such ownership, the capitalists are placed in
complete mastery over the workers.
The latter produce wealth; the former owns the product. That is all
there ever was to human slavery.
The rule of capital, like all    class
rule,  depends solely upon the state.
The State is essentially a class   in->|
stitution or instrument.   Without the
State, and its organized powers    of
repression known as government, the
rule of capital could not stand.    It
depends solely    upon government to
establish its title ol  ownership    to
the means  of    production,    through
which its mastery    over its     wage-
slaves is asserted, and to defend its
property rights against any assault
that might be made upon them    by
the slaves when in rebellious   mood.
When tno slaves break out in revolt;
the first tiling they run up   against
is tho power of the State, as expressed through its executive, its courts,
or its    legislatures.      Without   this
power at their backs to protect thetn
the capitalists    and    their property
would at once bo    at the    mercy of
their rebellious slaves.   The function
of  the capitalist State then   is    to
hold the slaves of    capital in 'leash
for exploitation at the hands of the
modern slave-driving class—the capi-j
talisls, -"■
It logically follows that the first
blow to be struck by the slave class
if it is to attain its freedom, is to
dislodge the capitalist enemy from
that stronghold by possession of
which he is enabled to maintain his
economic dominion over the hosts of
labor. He must be ousted from his
control of the powers of government,
the State.
Once the working class is in   control of the   machinery of the State,
the road to deliverance from   wage-
bondage is made easy.    The powers
of tho State, legislative,   executive,
and judicial can be utilized   for   the
purpose of "expropriating Uie expropriators,"    by    converting    capitalist property in the means of wealth-
production into  the collective prop-
perty    of    the working class.    This
will bring    to an end the capitalist
system of production carried on   by
wage-slaves    for    the profit of masters, and substitute therefor the production    of    things for use by they
who do the work.
The utilization of Uie state for the
purpose of effecting this transformer
tion of proj-erty will be its last act.
With Uio end of class rule, this essentially class institution will become obsolete. It will "die out."
As the transformation goes on in
one industry after another, government will lose its fangs said claws—
powerai of repression—because they
will be no longer needed. When tho
circuit of industries has been completed. Capitalism and its hideous
counterpart of Wage-slavery will be
no more. Along with the State they
will pass into the lumber-room of
history along with the paraphrenia
of previous slave civilizations.
The supreme task of the hour for
Uie working-class is to capture the
machinery of the State. Until this
is accomplished the workers are as
j-owerless    as  their present masters
manifesting the deepest interest. Almost every paper brings to us the
names of speakers and other active
workers hitherto unknown to us, and
perhaps Uie most cheering sign of all
ls that the utterances of our propagandists everywhere are marked with
a clearness of conception of the Socialist movement, tiie purpose it is
to achieve, and the methods of Its
achievement, that was most painfully lacking among Socialist propagandists but a few years since. Our
movement, is growing strong, because
it Is growing 1n clearness. The confusion which beset lis in the earlier
days is becoming dissipated and each
day do we more clearly understand
the problem to be solved by the proletariat, all things having a bearing upon it, and tiie means to be
used to effect the desired solution.
It is a revolutionary movement
alone that can strike terror to the
heart of a ruling class. Palliative
patchwork and reform movements
they can view with the same tolerance that an Indulgent parent might
exercise towards a fretful child. But
a revolutionary movement will receive neither tolerance nor mercy at
the hands of rulers. True to that
brutal Instinct that is the basis of
all rule, they will resort to every
vicious measure their vile brains can
concoct to crush the revolution and
maintain their rule. It is only in
those countries where Uie military
power is weak, and the political and
other conditions make possible a
sudden and overwhelming revolutionary uprising that Uie proletariat
may expect to effect its deliverance
from wage-bondage to capital without drenching the soil with its "blood.,
Signs everywhere upon the horizon,
indicate the near approach of the
Revolution that is destined to break
the strangle-hold of capital upon the
throat of Labor. Every person who
reads, knows full well what is now
going on in Russia, where a long
plundered working-class, armed with
but little else than Uie courage of
their convictions and a class solidarity engendered by their common
misery, and quickened into activity
by a common purpose, are bravely
battling against a vicious, bloodthirsty, unscrupulous and conscienceless semi-feudal autocracy, in an effort to break its hold upon their
lives. In Austria thousands of the
proletarians march to the parliament
house and demand that restrictions
of the suffrage be removed so that
they may freely express their will at
the ballot and these thousands give
voice to the revolutionary spirit that
inspires thoir action by singing the
Marseillaise, the song that causes
the erstwhile sluggish blood of the
slave to course hot through his veins
and the master to quake with fear.
The tread of millions of Uie proletarians of Italy, France, Germany,
Belgium, Holland, Denmark and other countries of continental Europe,
may be heard approaching the capitals of these countries, the citadels
of Uie robber class, and from which
they tissue thoir edicts of plunder and
spoliation against their enslaved
workers. The tread of the approaching hosts has an ominious, a porten-
tious sound that presages trouble in
the near future for the occupants of
these   "robbers'   roosts."   Krom    the
will be afterwards.
Our exchanges, whether outspokenly revolutionary or of more moderate tone, bring to us Uie same story
of an ever-increasing activity and
interest in the Socialise movement.
Where but a few years ago an occasional meeting was held, they am
now being held by Uie hundreds and
where but an occasional person was
at all interested, thousands are sow
stolid, stubborn, patient, "long-suffering English proletariat comes up
a sort of muffled growl tbat bids
fair to develop in the course of time
into a roar that will signify to the
British ruling class that its brutal
rule has been tolerated long enough.
When tho hour strikes these proletarians of the British Isles will "rise
like lions after slumber, in unvan-
quishablo number" and clean out
the gang that has made of them a
profit-grinding shambles.
That tho ruling class of the United States scent danger in the uprising
Socialist movement is evidenced in
more ways than one. From a multitude of cities and towns como accounts of the efforts of tho police to
prevent Socialist street meetings by
breaking them up and arresting tho
speakers. Some of these occurrences
have been marked by a brutality
that would do credit to the Russian
autocracy, notably one in St. Louis,
recently, when over 100 men, women
and children were most brutally
clubbed, and many of them seriously
injured. There is ample evidence that
a studied encroachment is to be made
upon tho right of suffrage, at least
in various States of the Republic
Measures have already been Introduced in some of them with this object in view. While Uie ruling class
of the United States has sprung
from the ""countiog room" and tiie
"bargain counter" and might logically be expected to conform in its
rule to the trick, deceit, fraud, swindle, flim-flam, misrepresentation and
humbug that are a Part of Uie office
furniture of business, that which happened in Colorado during Uie strike
of a year ago may safely be taken
as an indication of what drastic
measures this "counting room, bargain counter,  pack-peddling,    labor-
skinning, wooden nutmeg gong" Will
resort to when it becomes necessary,
in order to maintain their rule. Although they have inherited no traits
of chivalry from a feudal ancestry,
nor hold any title to belly-crawling
adulation ns majesties, lordships,
highnesses, worships, etc., they may
be safely counted upon to comport
themselves in accordance with the
ethics of the ruling profession when
it comes to a "show down," by ordering that the landscape be ornamented with the tattered "Innards"
of those who dare dispute their right
to rule.
Revolution is unmistakeably in tho
air. Countless thousands are breathing it in. Many a man in high
place, nauseated by the horrible
stench arising from tho rotting car-
cqss of capitalism, as expressed in
the Insurance scandals, tho various
municipal and other government
scandals, the uncovering of the inner
workings of the meat and oil combines, and similar exposures thot are
becoming so frightfully common, has
in spite of himself, been innoa<bitcd
with tho spirit of the Revolution and
fallen into the hbbit of voicing its
demands, in season and out regardless of consequences. The spirit of
tho Revolution is permeating almost
every walk of life, and men of the
most diverse callings, and from every social degree from poverty to affluence are giving voice to it though
|«orhaps, in many cases unconsciously. Staid old Conservative newspapers, and other journals, that but a
few years since would cry in horror
against it are now quite in the habit of discussing at least, some part
of its program approvingly. In spite
of the Conservative attitude of their
leaders, the rank and file of the
trade unions are falling into its
ranks. The conditions leading up
to class war and the Revolution,
have been long developing. It is but
a matter of recent years upon this
Western continent that the class line
between the exploiter and exploited
has become so clearly marked as to
enable the exploited to see it. It has
now become so clearly drawn, that
thousands see it and are lining up
for the class struggle that is to come
■in the near future, a struggle between the capitalists' class and the
working-class, for control of the sole
point of vantage from which either
can enforce ils economic program.
That point of vantage is the State.
The capitalists will use every power that they can conjure forth to
maintain their present control. The
workers will do likewise to take it
from them. With Uie triumph of the
workers tho Revolution is accomplished.
The social atmosphere is already
"surcharged with the electricity of
the coming storm.' lu.ciution is u
Uie air.    Let it come.
H/aT" Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a cari
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alt. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver,  B. C.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside Block, 313 Cambie
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
D.  P, MILLS, Secretary.
Box 836,   Van ouver B.  C.
LOCAL TORONTO - Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. O. dribble,
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
The average cotton    crop  of     the
United  States amounts  to  about 5,-
000,000,000  pounds.     This   is  equivalent  to about 60 pounds to   each
man.   woman and child in tho country.   Tlie value of the average yearly output of cotton goods is approximately    $500,000,000.       An enormous quantity of raw cotton is shipped to other countries.     The power
used in operating    American   cotton
machines amounts to fully one million horse-power.     It should be    remembered,  however,  that cotton    is
not grown and spun into cloth     for
tho purpose of supplying human   beings with wearing apparel, but    for
tho purpose of bringing profit to tho
coffers of capital,  which controls tho
industry.   That, is why so many American   sovereigns  haven't  a    second
shirt to their back, in spite of    the
enormous quantity of cotton produced.   Tho vast majority of thorn appear to like it, however, nn they continue to  givo their support  to     tho
rulo of capitalist property.   They evidently prefer to go shirtleRS for tho
glory     of    capital  rather than that
production should be carried on   for
the purpose of making themselves, as
wealth  producers,  comfortable,  by a
plentiful supply of needful things. In
the   production    of    cotton cloth as
well  as all  other    necessary things,
Uie productive power of the   United
States is amply sufficient to enable
the    producers    to feed, clothe   and
shelter themselves, at least comfortably, with the expenditure of a trifling amount, of labor, provided they
first attend to the little formality of
ousting the capitalist class from its
control of tho nations' resources and
machinery of production.   This little
job must bo attended to before   tho
slave class can experience any relief
from    its    semi-shirtless    condition.
Tho more cotton the wage-slave produces under capitalism, tho more abbreviated will bo his own shirt.
Our esteemed pigtmiled brethren of
the slanted optic and yellow hide, it
scorns are engaging, to no inconsiderable extent, in the Importation of
young white girls from Canada and
the United States into the Celestial
Empire for immoral purposes, Some
of the "goody-goody" folk profess to
lie greatly shocked thereat. And yet
this sort of traffic is no new thing.
It hns been carried on for lo, these
many years. In fact this delectable
traffic forms no small part of tho
trade of the great commercial countries of England, Germany, France,
Austria, Holland and the United
States. From these purlieus of capitalist rule, thousands of young girls
are driven by stress of circumstances to become victims of the traffic,
and large numbers of them are scattered to the four corners of the earth
upon its miserable tide. It is but
one of the many foul ulcers incident-
ed to the capitalist system of production, which is based upon that
world-wide traflic in human flesh
known as thc wage system. Foul ulcer that it is, it is just as clean ns
Uie system that breeds it.
The twenty-fifth annual convention
of Sammy (Jompcrs, will be held in
Pittsburg, Pa., on Nov. 13. Sam
will talk to himself, and about him
self, in his well known convincing and,
bomhjhslic style. He will also throw
a largo and varied assortment of
lovely bouquets at himself. After indulging in a not unreasonable amount of platitudinous jionderosity
and passing the usual stock of stero-
tyi*ed terrifying resolutions, Samuel
will re-elect himself to another term
of office, and solemnly adjourn to
"innocuous deseuetude" for another
twelve months in order to give tho
Earth a chance to make one more
journey around the sun. Then Samuel will convene ugain.
Such rapid strides are being made
in ineieasing thc size and armament
of naval fighting machines, that no
sooner has a battleship slid down
tho "ways," thnn she is discovered
to bo out of date. Tho battleship
Mississippi, building for the United
States government, and launched
this month, is a case in point. Although costing $7,000,000, sho is already out of date. Great Britain is
building one to cost $10,000,000 and
tho end is not yet. if this craze for
military power and glory.(?) is to
be taken as an indication that the
"Gospel of Peace" has made any
headway during the lust 1000 years,
tho earth must have been peopled
wilh a choice type of blood thirsty
cut-throats and ruflluns at the time
of Christ. 1
Union Directoi
When They Meet
■Every Labor
'ri**y Me,, I
mtwrmm _abor Union in ii_ _ ^"
viled to place . card under hhVrovi*i
month.    SecreUrie.ple.^^*'-!. ■
lit J p-eV„ry alte"nate M
John Riordan, president- p.
Brown, vice-presidentP Eud
Cam sergcant-at-arm    WRA
108, Phoenix. B. c. °
Phoenix      Minen
W.'F.  M.    Mec
eveninK at 7.30 o'clock"* Sa'"r'
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ts   evfrv Satul1
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Spanish Blossoms
Strikes and rioting still continue
io Russia. The rioting is not all done
hy the striking work-wen, however, A
mooting of the members of tho Revolutionary Party at Monsk, on Oct.
21, was dispersed by tho Cossacks,
and police. Muny persons wore injured. A aim lur incident occurred in
Moscow on the name date. 'The government hns ordered the police of Odessa, in thc event of disturbance, to
tiro directly into thc "mob" without any preliminary volleys in tho
air. In spite of all the repressive
measures instituted by tho government, the outbreaks continue to increase both in numbers and vigor.
'Ihe Involution will not down.
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The Wester,,  Clarion  is an un- .
compromising   advocate   of m )
revolutionary aspirations  ol IN "
working class   iu  the  «l»e»litioP
of capitalist properly swl IUCOB'
pleuient, the wage system.
1SS Cordova Street
And  have   It  rejuvenated ~~n* **.
lit:   Old Hats Cleaned, Pi's"-"1 m
Made as Oood ss    New   by W*\
workmen and at moderate coit.
Elijah Leard.
United Hatters of North America
Between Sept. 1, 1904, and the
the same date this year, there was
exported from the United States,
8,834,929 bales of cotton, valued at
over $400,000,000. This was 1 -
144,452 bales moro than was over
exported In any previous year.
_^_^_^_^_^_^___^_^_^_^_^_^__ it I
Whes you are buying a I"UB HAT ■«• t0 ' ^ \
the Genuine Union Label la sawed In It    » •      |lBi
has looee label* In his poeaeeslon anil u"-r*      ^
one In a hat for you, do not patroniw  hia,- w
labels in netali etores are counterfelta. ln » t¥
Union Label Is perforated on four edge*. -"** ^
same as a peetag* ■tamp. Counterfeit* sre ^
times perforated on three edge*, and wine-> ,
on two. John B. Stetaon C... of Phil aUelP"»
non-union  concern.
JOHN A.  MOPKITT, President. Oram*. "  J
MAIITIN    LAWLOIl,    .Secretary,    H  W •ve"1*'
New York. -jiTimn.
(VY> OCT. 28, 1905.
Moderate" Winnipeg scribe
Bti« Chlded lor Hit Idloiyncraclei and Peculiar Coictpllon Relating to
1 Tho Socialist Movement.
tilIie since there appeared in
Sc"~K'        letter signed "A mod,..-
, Voice a
riociali-t."    The I*-'1---■-'
7 with  the  socialist move-
|   t. Jit B-oWs at  the same  time
m ■■<■ has;
an exceedingly    vague
of soc'ialisni.    H   nothing    else
I., his noin do plume does so.
B can be no such thing as a
J^e" socialist.    ^
sialism is a science "treating of
Ktdual solution of human so-
|J,, through various stages to   the
time, showing how all     the
T and     political    institutions
, with every change in the mc-
^f the production and distribu-
o( wealth, showing how the
,ait ol ths -v'-lih produced by it
Lbow    as In every other stage of
,t evolution the oppressed class
E%mlly overturn JJ* present
gem ami bring the method of di_-
rittion into harmony with the
Stad of production, that is to say,
KttV -Joss, by becoming pos-
I 0f i lie uii-ns of production,
Sffla*er in the Co-operative Oom-
S^lth. A man either accepts or
ScU BociaUsm, he Inx-omes a so-
ialiM or remains a non-socialist,
to is no 'moderate" half-way
U,h lho socialist movement aims
to hasten lho evolutionary process
rtidi shall bring us peace on earth,
Ike end ol industrial war. "The
jjaita!t good  for  the greatest ninn-
•IV government does what it can
jo mate the chances of life as «(iuul
(Jpoasiblo for all,"  says "-moderate
Socialist. '      This    statement   shows
_at his understanding  of  socialism
is wry moderate    indeed,  which i.s,
primps   whut  is meant by his sig-
auirv.     The      government   belongs
wotly ami iH.iies to the ruling   class,
lit Is the political arm of the   econo-
bie    masters,     it gives  them coiu-
luanil of th'' law-making  power,   thc
Etrrn*.. mny,  militia and  other     |>cr-
pikivc   methods   of    obtaining  the
nnUnucd obedience of the   worklng-
rla.sK.     The government  does    what
It can In make ihe rule of thc capitalist i!n--s absolutely  secure.
•        • •
Our moderate friend has the old
fcotion that socialists exjwet "thc
Slate" to do everything for us in
Ito future. It is a notion that dies
hard. "The State" as we know it
Bon- trill siinost entirely have
Bttppeared. It exists now principally to act as policemen over pro-
arty interests. In the future when
all will have enough, the policemen
•ill be unnecessary and "the State"
till niiisi--t merely of those chosen
M the citizens engagid hn the various industries to so order thc pro-
*icti»n lhat there shall bc neither
Aortage nor waste and to attend to
any other matters that may be of interest to all the citizens.
• »        *
"Moderate  Socialist"   fulls to   see
that the trust, mil way ma-mate, departmental store, etc., are'the results of leaving everything to individuals. The competition between individuals causes the individuals to
combine with one another. The com-
petition between the combines of individuals forces the employment of
ever greater amounts of capital and
we see joint stock companies formed.
To save themselves from rum many
companies first combine to uphold
prices and later become merged in a
"trust." The trusts sooner or later
clear the field of competitors in their
line. They must do it or go out of
existence, The enormous accumulation of cupitul in the hands of the
trusts is ever seeking new investment
It must be invested or it, perishes.
This is the cause of a trust engaged
in one line of Industry launching out
in another. The time is slowly but
stircly approaching when a tew trusts
will own all the industries and in
the meantime thousands of book-
kpepors, commercial travellers and
whnt not will have been rendered 1111-
nocessery and will bo crowded into
the already crowded ranks of the army looking for jobs. While this f-oex
on around us it will also be going
on elsewhere, Countries which now
buy the surplus product! of other
countries will be producing surpluses
of their own, the murket for capitalist products will grow smaller, causing product inn to bo curt ailed with
a corresponding Increase of misery
and distress among the working class
There i.s no fear that the working-
class will consent to be put out of
existence. It. is the mission of the
socialist to point out the way to deliverance. To go backwards, to restore ,he individual manufacturer, to
restore ,he grocer whom the departmental store has squeezed out of
business would be, if possible to do,
but to go through the process of
condentration of capital over again.
The concent rat ion of capital is making smooth Ihe approach to the Cooperative Commonwealth.
* •       •
The iron law of wages, the law that,
wages, on the average, nre at the
subsistence point is accepted by all
socialists, and many nun-socialists.
It cannot matter ,o the wage earner
whether sugar is cheap or dear. If
sugar is included in his established
standard of living his wages will be
sufficient to cover the cost of sugar,
lt is evident that "Moderate Socialist" believes that we are robbed as
consumers. Another notion that dies
hard. "Moderate Socialist" should
study socialism, at present he is but
a sentimental socialist or idealist,
without nny knowledge ol the science
but those of us who have graduated
from tbe old political parties have
been through just the same si age at
which he is now, we have progressed
ami so, doubtless will he.—Sl'ARTA-
Cl'S, in Winnipeg Voice,
According to tho Philadelphia Lcd-
"-, there exists in that city what is
Joiniiioiiiy    known    as     the "White
>»a\u Syndicate."   This is merely a
Ili-taess concern that has grown to
no inconsiderable proportions by fol-
•***"-g ihe usual routine of the busi-
m world.    Much of its success    is
Sn doubt due to the remarkable bu-
i-M sagacity and foresight of its
Mrs, which has enabled them to
»-%uUi! opportunity and turn it to
"Mil business account whenever offered.
Hie business of the "syndicate" is
** buying, selling and renting of
piiimi- gii is for purposes of prostitu-
f'"n • Its business has grown to
p-'i proportions thnt it now has
JWW Kjo separate establishments in
I*-? Quakar City to accomodate its
piml trnde. Tho "Syndicate's"
pnoltiwdo tnuiu i,s h_i<i to be of lifts.
im wo
proportions,  shipment    of
vans being made to all parts ol
*■"'" globo.    It also  main,ains   well-
iigcnc'es    in other cities
'"' 'ha purpose of procuring tho raw
Batorlej rotfulred, and otherwise fao-
lutaiing the transaction of its busi-
A» it rot eives the support and back-
•}-* of the Republican organization
ut the city in return for services ren-
('K'"'.I in the delivery of tho votes of
'■inin wards, and maintains mutual-'
'   satisfactory
PHl's   with the
\mW hy «»
business     arrange-
-   ...   police foroe, it be-
oiuis next to impossible for any of
l j** safes lo escai)e its clutches once
r.T8 •n,° lw-«-'*«lon.
iltv'i   ro,',,,M*->dable    business sagiv-
I ''-exerdwH careful discrimination
n lite selection of thc goods it hwi-
1,1x   <lirls as young as   fourteen, if
1 -.tractive ,xi,,.oiiality, are rea-My
,sr"lus"'l by the "syndicate,"   from
» agents und solicitors,  the     price
»■«■•■■- f«o,r. $2.50 up.     The    price
'nfiryiwi i... ..     .,       .,,,,.       *u„
'syndicate    for   tho
export    article    Is said to
aH   high as »250.    Only   in
tdd-iT.8 ui" th,» concern   consent
ui-ai in Kill8 ovnr 1Q y(,ars „( ago.
m " mh «f Us 100 wtall establish*
lour, in '■"-' '-'■■"•'• there are from
Vdrii ,. ■•"-*■•• l.v girls.   These girls arc
t_lm_Ti R'1,vt'H (lo'v-- *« inc most
iE**?    ,ln'l  horrible dotail  that
lik,l ,n.l"*vory can   -n-p-y-    He-*-1"1
*_»_-• -n * corral, guarded like
8nlt_f" in ft •**"■ allowed such a
'onrtin "••■""•"-I of clothing that theii"
vviih,,?n " th*-' of somi-nudily,
ih,.,,' m""*«.v, and without friends,
oflBrarl t0n6<" you-*-K creatures are
Ur n *'•' a" n --ncriflce upon tho al-
Rav«r J"*0*11 ln or*--"* that a sweet
lhe „, j ay *rim ul-lo the nostrils of
"•-- Koa of "Busiasss.''
The undertakings of tho " White
Slave Syndicate," aro merely matters of business; nothing more and
nothing less. It is engaged in this
buying ond selling of human flesh,
including all of its attributes, good,
bail and indifferent, for the purpose
of prolit. Thut is all there is to
business any wuy. The conduct of
the "syndicate" is merely that of business. Its operations should, therefore, meet with the hearty approval
of o\cry devotee of business that is
at nil worthy to worship at the
shrine- of that "Moloch."
it is needless to mention from whnt
class in human society these hapless
victims of business sagacity uie
drawn. Everybody knows that these
human wares could only be drawn
f run ii tho ranks of tlui slave class, as
Uio necessities uf the master class
would not force ils girls within
reach of Ihe business vampires that
laden and batten upon the traffic lu
human flesh uml human  virtue.
Prom thu offspring ol thu working
class, the enslaved clnss, ate these
Wrotc/hod Slaves drawn. Owing to
lhe poverty of parents, they are too
Often thrown upon their own resources at nn age when Ihey are still unfit to breast the currents of thu business cesspool known ns the modern
city, and are in conseipiem e easily
drawn into that horrible undertow
of traffic—prostitution—'hat annually swallows up more than !i5t>,0OU
women in tin united States alone.
The devotee of business need not
lift his hands in holy honor at this
trafllc in woniank'ind, no matter how
grout its magnitude. It is but one
of the various phases of traffic that,
must inevitably spring from that ba-l
sic. orimo upon which our boasted
civilization is builded. That basic.
crime is tho enslavement and consequently the robbery, of labor. I'ros-
tilult'uji i.s a vice unknown except as
an offspring of a slave civilization.
dust so long as labor i.s enslaved,
every human attribute and every human virtue will alike remain legitimate wares to be trulllickod and traded upon in tho ..uirts of business.
Ho long oh a stupid working class
consents lo remain a subject of exploitation at tho hands of brutal
rulers; so long as It meekly submits
to being robbed of tho products of
its toil to furnish the menns whereby
those brutal rulers may engage ln
tho loathosomo and disgusting arts
of business; so long as it bends its
neck in meekness to thn yoke of
capitalist property, a„d consents to
barter its manhood for a slaves' pittance, It must pay the prico of its
folly    by     submitting    to the Com
mands of Business, the supreme deity
of this glorious age.
—et trade and commerce increase.
IaL thc business world extend the
ramifications of its traffic to include
every human attribute and virtue
tliat may thus far have escaped its
net. Let there be rendered unto the
god of Business, all, keeping back
neither jot nor tittle. Let no sacrilegious hand be raised; let no sacrilegious mouth utter word of protest^
let no sacrilegious snout dare sniff
against the traffic in the flesh and
blood, and bone and marrow, of tlie
men of labor, and the bodily charms
and virtue of their wives and daughters. Ix't all sacrilegious ones remember that "Business' wills it, and
Business is the modern God.
To this modern god of Business do
we bow down in reverent worship.
Long may he reign over us. Although we know deep down in our
heart that he is a rank, stinking and
unsullerable fraud that pollutes everything that comes within his
slimy reach, we cannot forget the
"lesson wo learned at mother's knee"
The so-called conspirators in the
operations bused upon the recent
leaks in the United States Government cotton crop reports, are said
to hove cleared up the neat sum of
$200,000, as a reward for their
."thrift," industry and enterprise.
The Portland Oregonian speaks of
this as the "profits of fraud." While
having no disposition to appear unduly curious, wo would like to know
if profit was ever made by any other
process than that of fraud? It rather ap|«ears to us that the profit of
one, is obtained as a result of fraud
practiced upon another, or others.
Just as soon as this new process
is introduced into Vancouver, we
shull cut the wages of the Western
Clarion employees accordingly. We
are even now quite certain that the
scale of wages is too high, and when
the Rlaves can buy the same amount
of bread for less money, we shall become positive of it.
He was the boss; was the first to
When the day began—and he made
things hum.
Ho would hustle 'round with impatient jerks
And instil some life in the lazy clerks.
It was fine to hear how he'd scold
and scoff
At the thought that he ought to take
a day off.
Why,   he'd  doubt the clock  when it
chimed at noon.
And he'd swear that the hour    had
come too soon.
Go out to eat?   Waste that time at
Not he!     He would sit at his desk
and munch
And sputter the crumbs when he took
a bite
And told the stenographer what    to
Year in, year out, he was on the go.
lie said; "Too busy to rest, you
And the dollars grew to a wondrous
ilut still hc would wear that sarcastic smile. -
When some one suggested a time for
Or told of thc need ot a holiday.
It  was yesterday  that  ws met him
We were on the street, he was riding
And   we  stopped  and  looked as   ws
turned to go,
For  the  wonder  was  that  his   pace
wns slow.
But the rig was new and the horses
It was his day off,   for  they buried
—W. 1). Nesbit, in Chicago Tribune
Colonial Bakery
39 Johnson St., Victoria. B.C.
Delivered to any part of the city-.   Ash
Driver   to   call.     "Phona  849.
Patronize Clarion  Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75.
Bundlos of 25 or more copies   to
one address at the rate of one cent
(By Tomasso Campanella.)
This remarkable sonnet, written
300 years ago by the Italian reformer, tho author of the Utopian
work, "The City of the Sun," has
never received the attention it deserves. It is a passionate lament
for the blindness, the apathy, the
lack of class consciousness among
the workers, "whose own is all
things between earth and heaven,"
but who, generation after generation,
|>ermit themselves to be cruelly exploited by their industrial and political masters. The translation is
by John Addington Symonds, with
a change in the name from "The
l'eople" to "Labor."
I_tbor is bul a beast of muddy brain
That, knows not  its own force,   and
therefore stands ...
Loaded    with  wood and stone;    the
powerless hands
Of a mere child guide it with bit and
rein ;
One kick would bo enough to   break
the chain;
But  the  beast fears,  and what   the
child demands
It does,  nor  its  own  terror   understands.
Confused  and stupefied by   bugbears
Most  wonderful!  With  its own hand
it ties
And  gags  itself—gives   itself    death
and war
For pence doled out by kings   from
its own store.
Its own are all things between earth
and heaven;
But  this it knows not;   and if   one
To tell  this  truth,  it kills him   un-
by buying thb
reliable, honest,
high grade seizing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents
Printing That Is RIGHT
ment has been recently added
to hy ths purchass of a new
Job Press and gther material. Our
Job Department is sow turning out
the best lob, commercial and other
classes of printing. If you have anything In the way of Billheads, Letterheads,    Envelopes,    Cards,   Tickets,
The Western Clarion
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Programs, Dodgers, Pamphlets or
Books, or any kind of Printing whieh
you want executed promptly and
correctly,  send It here.
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other districts will be promptly executed to ths letter and sent return
mall. Prices the same as for work
dons in this city. Try us with an
~  Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
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Mattresses,   Upholstery,    Awnings,
and Window Blinds.
Repair Work a Specialty
Carpets   taken   up,    Cleaned by our
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and relaid by Experienced
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From $25.00 up
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Manufacturing Jeweler
and Diamond Setter
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Also handles San Francisco Sunday Bulletin and Call; New York
Sunday American,, Herald, News and
World, and Hearst's Boston Sunday
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and Poultry Food to obtain
best results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
All  Descriptions  of    Ladies'     and
Gents'     Garments  Cleaned or  Dyed,
and  Pressed    Equal    to New.       Dry
Cleaning a  Specialty.
116 Yates St.   Victoria. B.C.
Harris <& Moore
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Bicycles, Guns, Ammunition,
And Bicycle Sundries.
42 Brood St. VICTORIA, B. C.
Phono B969
Albion Stove Works,
FACTORY, 38, 42 Pembroke Street,
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Douglas Street,    -
121 Hastings Street,
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
hi conventi tn a tern-led, affirm ou'
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog.am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces ail wealth, and to
labor it should *u-°tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecuiirmic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
struggle .for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist to hold;
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all worker*
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, it capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3.   The establishment, as speedily
at possible, of production for use in-
Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until tho
present system is abolished, make tbe
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle tho
Socialist Party pledgee itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands In such a manner as to pro*
mote the interests of the working class
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
.Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spretnncy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age         Citizen.
Admitted to Local	
1 J§f'<-S
»u_s '-5'   ;■■
■M am mam *mm*t
Saturday, Oip-t, aft ^
An Imperial Commission consisting
of seventy diplomats Is being sent
by the Chinese government on an extended tour of all the principal countries of tho earth for tho purpose of
gathering such information as will
enable China to move up, in governmental and industrial methods,
abreast of the advanced capitalist
countries. The commission is to
study commercial aad political affairs in the various countries visited,
and report in the end a new theory
ot government for China. tn tho
news dispatches chronicling the creation of this commission, the IM'.'owing significant passage oecius-
"China has been gradually withdrawing within itself, cancelling concessions granted to people of other
countries and reserving to Chinese
capitalists and others the work of developing that country."
To develop a country from tho
capitalist point of view, means U>
convert the resources and workers
of that country to the purposes of
capital, i.e., to utilize the resources
and machinery of production, aa a
means of plundering the workers out
of the wealth they produce and converting as much of it as possible into profit for tbe plunderers. So long
as the resources of a country are
not utilized to the fullest possible
extent for this purpose, such a country is not fully developed from the
capitalist standpoint.
The commercial buccaneers of Europe and America long since discovered that Asia with its vast resources and millions of people afforded a
magnificent  field  for  capitalist     ex-
that day the role of capitalist • pounded their way into the brain of
property will be broken. Production the child, until it seemed as if great
carried on by wage-slaves for the hammers were beating at her tem-
profit of capitalist roasters will pies, keeping time with the pulsa-
end.   Production carried on by   free.tious of the mighty engines.     Near
the end of the day the walls   went
men for the purpose of supplying
themselves with needful things will
henceforth be tbe order.
Everything works out for ultimate
good. When "Johnny Bull" and
"Uncle Sam" arbitrarily ordered the
Mongolian to open his door to traffic, it was but the entering ot capital upon the last quarter of its triumphal journey around the globe.
However rude and harsh the measures used to awaken the sleeping
giaut of Asia and compel him to join
in the march, they are perfectly justifiable as a necessary part ot the
great scheme of things. The human
race moves forward, not in part but
as a whole. That portion of it
which cannot keep step with progress will be exterminated hy the
advance guard. The advance guard
prodded the Mongolian contingent,
which had been lagging behiod for
.centuries, in activity nnd marching
order, and this contingent now gives
assurance of proving a powerful factor in bringing to a cloae the tragedy of capitalism and clearing the
stage of events for the next order
of human society. May the commission be successful in its labors, and
may a Chinese capitalism speedily
arise, powerful enough to so completely and thoroughly skin its wage-
slaves as to flood the markets of
Asia, and thus compel the labor-
skinners, buccaneers and ''pack peddlers" of Europe and America, to
stay at home with their plunder, and
settle with those whom they have
plundered—the working class. Once
a Chinese   and    Japanese capitalism
ploiUtlon. ones her IP^y**** JJJ~S   unSer V^tt *W\7mm
cajoled or forced into bending their lt"""~Y"-   . "-*   ..       . .. """-■•
cajoled «»««>™ vote tothe have troubles of its own in the shape
SS.5 reir^SU^pe^tioSlof a proletariat that will itn.lt* the
"John    Bull,"    and     "Uncle Sam"
knocked at the door of China and
Japan, and demanded that it be opened in order that the plunder accumulated by the brutal ravage of
their own working people at home,
might be offered for sale to the Mongolian family within. IAs the rap
on the door was emphasized with
ugly looking cannon, the Mongolian
.was compelled to choose ''discretion" as tho "better part of valor," and consent to the opening.
No country can become a purchaser    of    goods    from other countries
■without   either    falling    unher    tho
sway of the    selling; country direct,
or adopting    its method of production and trade and entering upon   a
similar   career   of   exploitation   and
buccaneering.        China    and  Japan
forced to open     their doors to   the
trade of Western capitalism at    the
mouths ot cannon,  have been   compelled    to    don the capitalist garb,
move up abreast of tbe Western nations in production and exploitation,
and plunge Into the world's market
with the proceeds of    their plunder,
jn other words these countries     are
being forced to adopt the   capitalist
form of property and method of production.     The only alternative is to
be reduced to vassalage and even extinction at the hands of tho 'robber
nations of Europe and America.
When "John Bull" and "Uncle
Sam" impudently knocked at- the
Mongolian door, and demanded admittance, they probably little dreamed of tho stature and adaptability of
tbe giant who dwelt within. Had
they realized that if disturbed in his
repose of centuries, he might stalk
forth as a "pack peddler" himself,
and give them both a run for their
money in the world's market, perchance their knock upon his door
would have been less peremptory.
Japan has made rapid and gigantic strides within recent years in the
adoption of Western civilization
with its capitalist form af property,
and wage form of slavery. At least
some idea of the powers that have
long laid dormant in the Mongolian
race, may be gained from the achievements of the Japanese in the recent
war with Russia. Enough has already transpired to show that they
will prove equally as proficient in
the art of capitalist production as
they have already proven in the art
of capitalist murder. There is no
reason why they should not as these
two arts arc really but one, the latter being but the former's highest
The advancement made by Japan
in adapting herself to the methods
and ethics of Western civilization,
wil, be speedily duplicated by China-
Is fact China has already taken gigantic strides in that direction. As
an instance of this it might be mentioned that the daily papers of late
are reporting a large and increasing
exportation of young girls, from Chicago and other cities on this continent, to the interior of China where
they are sold for immoral purposes.
If the purpose of the commission
referred to is as stated, and the
"Chinese authorities are drifting towards a broader scope of government," and are "cancelling concessions" granted to foreigners with
the intention of reserving the privil-
ebe of skinning Chinese wage-slaves
for Chinese capitalists, it presages a
painful dampening of the hopes of a
multitude of labor skinners of the
(white race, whose mouths have
long been watering in joyous anticipation of the voluminous and tasty
streams of profit to be brought to
their coffers from Chinese sources.
The signs are not lacking to show
that the Chinese melon is not to be
cut in just the fashion to suit the
capitalist hyenas of Europe and Am.
The Socialist must view with keen
satisfaction the efforts of these
Eastern (nations to adopt the <-ivi_i__-
tion of the west and lift themselves
Into the very forefront of capitalist
brigandage. The sooner they accomplish this, the sooner will the
conditions in the United States,
England. Onrmany, France, etc.,
force the proletarian Revolution, and
the end of capitalism and its degrading wage-slavery. Every outlet for
the plunder taken from the European
and American working class that is
cut off from their capitalist exploiters
hastens    the day of reckoning.    Oa
revolutionary ideas of the Western
world just as readily as its masters
imbibed those of Western capitalism.
And then the curtain will be speedily rung down upon the last act of
o   ' ■
And in the last days a triple-
headed dragon shall devour the people; and the monster's heads, each
ravenous and rapacious, shall be
called Rent, Profit and Interest."
•       •        •
Scene: A magnificent mansion
fronted by velvet lawns with singing
fountains, facing a broad avenue
shaded by lofty trees.
Persons: The Lady, a beautiful woman, gowned in silks, with diamond
flashing rings and golden ornaments.
The Poet, a man of uncertain years
with a mysterious light in his eyes
that told of converse with the heart
of things.
The Lady—I was at the church of
the Holy Spires, yesterday.
Tho Poet—I, too, was there.
Lady—Oh, the soul lifting music!
It bore my soul to celestial heights
—as if 1 heard the chanting of angels around the throne.
Poet—When the great organ pealed
I heard the wail ot the wretched,
the sob of thc infant stifled for the
want of pure air and moans of the
dying in the foul room of the tenement.
The Lady — How horrible t What
brought such morbid fancies to mat
the sweet concord of that sacred
Poet—I knew that from the most
hideous dens of the seething netherworld came the rents that gilded the
shrine of and decked the altar of
this temple of Mammon: That from
abused souls was wrung the gold
that paid for the pealing music.
Lady—Who can search the source
of things we have? It would poison
our joys. Let us accept the things
God sends us without question.
(An old woman goes by, dirty,
foul and ragged, with a large bundle
upon her back.)
Lady—How disgusting! Why can
not tho poor be clean? Their fllthi-
ness repels sympathy.
Poet—It takes time and wealth to
be clean. This woman is a sweater's
wife and a sweater's mother. Twelve
persons in two small rooms, eat,
sleep, work and die. There ls no
time to waste in keeping clean. Ever
the specter of Rent, side by side
with the Hunger-Wolf clutches at
their throats. Even tbe craving for
food is never satisfied. Personal
pride perishes. Only the animal desire to exist lives. They are the
scape-goats for the "lillies of the
Lady—Why   do  men pay so   little
for their labor?
Port—That they may make Profit.
Lady—Why do they    so   long   for
profit that they "grind the faces   of
the poor."
Poet—That mansions like this may
be built. By forcing thousands into
filthy dens the dcspoller may have a
palace. Ihey are unclean that you
may wear diamonds. The blood
from a million cements these stones,
Lady—I take nothing from them.
I receive money for investments.
You are mad to speak thus to me!
Poet—Nay, I am sane. It is you
who are mad to wear the gauds of
selfishness and to take, unrequited,
the toil of the humble.
(A little girl goes by with strange,
wolfish eyes and a gray fare. Her
feet aro bare and a tattered gown
covers her. An apple core Ilea in tha
gutter. She grasps it and devours
it greedily.)
Lady—Did you see that? Even the
children are aa swine! Tt makes mo
sick to think of ones eating that foul
Poet—You might do the same    ia
spite of your daintiness.
Poet—She has had nought since
yesterday morn. Her parents came
from the mountains to work in the
great mills and the fever carried
them Into tne jaw of Death. The
mills gather the children, also. She
toiled among the shifting shuttles,
twelve long hours a day for a dollar a week. The hot sun flamed
upon the metal roof, the dust and
lint rose thick and dense, the throb,
throb    of   the   accursed    ptaamJmma
round and round before her eyes and
the machines reeled in a devil's dance
through the dust-filled atmosphere in
mocking glee. The little one staggered and the tiny hand caught in
the merciless cogs. Then they turned her from the factory's door; for
commercialism has no use for cripples. Now she chores and runs errands for other miserable slaves of
the machines—a slave of slaves—fed
yesterday—today glad for the foul
morsel the streets contain.
Lady—Whv do men let these things
Poet—That large interest may
come from their investments. Tho
many suffer that the few may revel
in unholy luxury. The little one-
feed on the refuse of the streets that
you may have strawberries in January.
Lady—It is not true! It is not
true, I have nought to do with it !
Poet—This home cost a million.
Your jewels are worth thousands.
Your silks cost hundreds. Whet did
you do to obtain them?
Lady -Nothing,   my   father   gave
them to me.
Poet—How did he get them?
Lady— He bought them with profit from his business.
Poet—And these profits came from
Lady—I do not know. I take the
things Ood meant me to have. I
have not sinned to obtain them. The
misery and the crime of the world
is not my work.
Poet—No, but it is the work of a
system black with wrong. You profit by this system, selfishly, and take
no thought of the evil wrought to
others. Your life ot silent approval
condemns you.
(A great tumult is heard in the
city. Shots nre fired. Smoke spirals curl high into the.air as if fires
were breaking out. A horseman covered with blood and grime rides recklessly up the street.)
The Rider—Fly, fly, the rabble   is
in insurrection, and killing and burning!
"The world is very evil;
The times are waxing late;
Be sober and keep vigil;
The Judge is at the gate."
Lady—Merciful Heaven, can we not
escape? ^^^^^^
Poet—It is too late; we are surrounded. See, they have cut the rider down! ...
Lady—Will they have mercy?
Poet—Who knows, when have they
received mercy? We have sowed the
wind, let us reap the whirlwind
without flinching.
Lady—What shall we do? What
shall we do?
Poet—Nothing, as you said, let us
accept that which Ood sends us without question.—Frank Stuhlmann, in
the Vanguard.
The regular weekly business meeting of the above local was held at
the headquarters on Monday evening,
Oct. 23.
After adopting the minutes of the
previous meeting, warrants for amounts aggregating $10.90 were authorized.
On regular motion of Comrades
BHbble and Norton, the reading room
was ordered closed on evenings of
propaganda meetings from 7.45 to
9.30 o'clock.
A motion to instruct the secretary
to write Mrs. Lewis, asking whether
sho will be here definitely on tho 29.
and enquiring as to her terms, was
carried after some debate.
The Secretary suggested that if
the Comrades would pay up their
dues to the end of the year, it would
greatly facilitate the business of tho
The financial report for tho week
showed receipts to account of
General Fund   $5.15
Literature Sales      1.10
Dues account   12.50
man wo ever heard of. He should'
be encouraged in such a laudable conception of thc duty he owes to himself in thus conserving his energies
rather than wasting them by playing the working hog as so many
workingmen do. We fancy the south
is not so much in need of workers,
as it is of cheaper, and more docile,
and willing ones. The south is here
used (o designate southern employers. When the nogro will not work,
and cheaply at that, tho employing
class cannot, skin him.     No   wonder
they howl.
There is an alarming falling off in
the birth rate in the British Isles.
That is, it is alarming to the capitalists who sec in this a possible
shortage in the supply of labor power in thc future. It would indeed bo
too bad should it become so scarce
that tho prico would advoiuw. lt
would bo still worts should it become so scarce that the lonfllng capitalists would have to do their own
Pswill Uml, Ciiir Covt
Mounting U*t*r '"ai.ir lit,-, , .
Taxidermist and Furdr»_«_.
IN tmrnt It. ^
'VI.K. D. C ^_
[Burns & Co.
Total   $18.75
The meeting then adjourned.
For many days the policeman on
tho beat had been watching a boy
who seemed to be lounging about
tho crossing in a down town district.
At length the policeman accosted the
boy, saying, "Tommy, or whatever
your name, it seems to me you are
doing entirely too much loafing
about here."
"Me loafing!" ejaculated the boy,
indignantly. "<Not on your lite, I am
in business."
"You in business," queried the policeman, "why, I never have seen
you doing anything."
"No," replied the boy, "business
men do not generally tell the portico
their plans. The real work of doin'
in business is not visible to everybody."
"Well, what is your business,"
asked the policeman rather harshly.
'"Why, I'm a contractor " said the
"A contractor! What sort of contracting do you do?"
"I have the contract for keeping
these crossings swept, and I give
work for these guys as is doin' the
sweepin'. "
"But you don't do anything," said
\the burly policeman.
"De h—11 I don't. I'se furnishin'
the brains for.dese four guys wot's
doin' the easy work while I lays de
plans."—D. Burgess, in Toledo Socialist.
We »oiich ine -*_hh<
The British landlord of the hereditary class stands before the world
today a confessed parasite without a
single duty or obligation to society,
or title to his possession beyond the
proof that he is the son or legal heir
of the previous owner. His evolution is interesting.
With the decline of feudal institutions the duties, charges.and responsibilities originally attaching to land
ownership were gradually whittled
away, and the end of the seventeenth
century saw them practically abolished. Legislation during the reigns of
Charles II, and his brother James,
made land titles practically absolute
and set the land owning class free to
exploit the community according to
their own sweet will and pleasure,
an opportunity they have by no
means neglected. Land owning has
(become completely commercialized,
the revenue from it being the prime
almost sole consideration. This
change is recent and concurrent with
what is called absenteeism, the latter almost as prevalent in England
as Ireland, The time was, and not
very distant, when a landlord spent
the larger port of the year upon his
testates, and relations more or less
intimate and human existed between
him and those who lived on his land.
All this is swept away. Between
landlord and tenant there exists only
the cash-nexus of Carlyle, and between the land-owner and the land-
worker there is a social and economic gulf that is never crossed from
either side. The home of the landlord is first London, second the social resorts of tho continent and last
and least such time on his estates
as sport or the social code demand,
and during which he can only be approached through his minister, his
agent or steward.
"Let tho land to whom and on
what terms you please, but I must
have at least a nett income of
£6,000 a year out of it or give up
my town house."
Such were thc imperative instructions given b.v a Yorkshire baronet
to his agent", whose intimate friend
gave me information, and it illus'
trates very well the relations existing today. By the way, the title of
Baronet was created by James I to
raise the royal wind, and sold to
tuft hunters of that day at something over a thousand pounds per
Capitalism has indeed, reduced all
to merchandise. Kings and princes
have "a bit" in railways or rubber,
and titled guinea pigs preside over a
railway directorate or a doll's eye
factory Indifferently. The yeoman
and peasant with the old-time landlord are gone, never to return.
Awaiting a new shuffle in the body
politic and watching with deep interest the quick moving scenes In
these transitory times, we may still
say with Mazsinl of those who carry the weary burden of civilization
on their backs; workers in town and
country, "Once ye were slaves, then
serfs; now ye are hirelings."
I would ask what, with the ballot
in your hands, will ye be next? —
8TONEIIENGE,   is Winnipeg .Voice.
KngtneerK-nKlother* who traliw the ailvtaabll-
ily of having their 1-atrnt Inuinrm) IranaacUd
by KzperU. PrellmlnaryadvU-e free. Charftt
moderate. Our Inveirtor't A-vlaer aent upon
t, quest. Marion A Marlon, New York l.lle Uklfc
Uuutu-al ; uud Waiiliinjtgii, 1>.C, f.S.A.
ACCOUNTING. »fiO to $100 per
month sulary assured our graduates under bond. You don't pay un
until you have a position. Imrgi-st
system of telegraph schools In America. Endorsed by all raiilwny officials. OPERATORS ALWAYS
IN DEMAND. Indies al*o admitted. Write for catalogue. Morse
school of Telegraphy, Cincinnati!,
O.; Buffalo, N. Y.; Atlanta, Oa.;
I a. Crosse, Wis.; Texarkana, Tex.;
San Francisco, Cal.
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest itock oi !!
Cook Stoves In th* city.
Boom Chains,    Auger*, u_.
f fort' Jacks, Etc.     "    ' "T f
Ws hav* moved Into our new !
£  and commodious  picinlr«.:     X
138 Cordova St. East
'rmUm 1571        Vancouver, |. fj. i
About six years ago Messrs. Smith
& Champion started a small repair
shop for mattresses, upholstery, carpets, etc. By careful attention to
all orders, large or small, and by
charging moderate prices, their business has increased until now they
have found it necessary to enlarge
their already large premises by adding the store lately occupiid by Mr.
W. J. Hanna. The firm now occupy
the whole block, which gives thorn
a floor space of 6,354 square feet,
workrooms included.
Thc front half of the top floor is
devoted to the display of upholstery.
The rear half of this floor is thc upholstery workroom. On the ground
floor are two showrooms. In one is
to be found all that one may desire
in the way of iron bedsteads, woven
wire springs, mattresses of all kinds,
pillows, etc.
In the other, (the new showroom),
are kept carpet sujuares, rugs, mats,
linoleum, and materials for upholstering, etc. Window blinds and
awnings are two of the firm's strong
lines. The basements are used for
storeroom and mattress making
room. Upholstery and mattress repairing have been and always will
be one of the firm's specialties. Resides this the firm last spring installed an electric carpet cleaning
machine, which has given splendid
satisfaction. Rain or shine, your
carpets can be cleaned in the most
scientific manner. The enlargement
of the premises will enable the firm
to undertake much more work than
has hitherto been attempted, and
while Messrs. Smith & Champion aro
grateful for past patronage, unhcsl.
tatingly rmptest for a continuance.
Those who have not hitherto paid
the firm a visit are cordially invited.
lhe firm say it is no trouble to
nhow their goods and thc premises.
Soe their ad. elsewhere in this issue.
Negroes, negroes everywhere, and
not a man to work is the plight of
the south. In constructive opera
tions during tho last year the negro
laborer was found willing to work
at the exceptionally high wages for
about, half the time. In railroad
work, the men averaged about twelve
days each per month. Wages are on
a steady increase, many cities paying from $1.50 to $2 per day. With
white employees an increase of wages generally is followed by an additional effort. Not so with the dork
man, on whom an advance in the
wage scale produces exactly the opposite effect. He works only long
enough for actual maintenance, and
with augmented wages ho promptly
makes a direct and corresponding re.
duction in effort. His improvidence
and shiftlessness is reflected in the
section's annual reports, which show
in Mobile county, Alabama, for instance, that for the average fiscal
period more than one-half havo been
buried as painters at tho public expense, tho extent of this economical
loss being defined in tho statement
that about one-half the entire population of the country, or something
.ike 20,000 are of negro descent.
Meanwhile the south's industrial expansion has produced a labor demand which ls supplied neither by
natural increase of natives nor by
tho arrival of aliens.—Exchange.
The negro worker of Alabama who
will only work long enough to supply himself with tho needful things
is about tbe most sensible workahg-
If you find that your hair is falling out faster thnn It grows in, it is
time to do something. General conditions, which involve the scalp and
hair bulbs are responsible for this
condition and any remedy to be effective inirst put the s<*nlp in proper
condition, nnd revitalize tho roots
of the hair.    Our
Hair Tonic
is a remedy,of actual merit. It tones
up thc scalp and hair bulbs, cures
any diseased condition that may exist, makes a harsh hair soft, and dry
hair glossy. Every bottle is sold
under a positive -guarantee. The
money will be refunded if it fails to
give satisfaction.
Cedar Cove Meat Market!
J.  A.  IIAMLEY,  Prop.
Fret*. ■■-. Fiife al
tilt MiaU Vigeti'lul
WANTED:     by     Chicago   wholUH«]
house,   special    representative   fori
each  province  in  Canada,    Salary!
$_0;00   and   airpsnsoi paid weekly,[
Expense    money   advanced,    liusi-|
ness successful;  position |x>rinan«*m.
No   investment   required,    Previous)
experience  not  essential   to eng-jf-
ing.    Address
General Manager,  1,(2 l^kc 8t.
Chicago,  111., U.S.A.
This issue is No. 311. If thi
the number upon your address lip,
your subscription expires with u*
number. If further copies are desired, renewal should be made at once
If care is taken to renew before the
expiration of tho old subscriptions It fl
will greatly simplify matters in ths
office as well as avoid any break is
receipt of papers.
Box 8.16,
Vancouver ll. C.
luportis $1.00 a ••Uli ter SO Cult
53 Cordova St., opp. P, Burns & Co.
Nat Tm Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now hire-
some of tha choice ones will be soil
early, and some of the d—If **
cannot duplicate, lf you apprtr-t*
unusual styles it will int«r»t rot to
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Tlra SMrtut Mt Hat ofthe Siimi
These Hate have been enthus****
cally received by young men frcn
the very first day we brought thsffl
out. Neither trouble nor expew
has been saved in the production *
these goods, as you will cheerW
acknowledge upon examination.
til Ctrstv* Street
Cash Grocery Store
Wo also carry a full line of Fur* ,
ture.  on easy  payments,   at  P"
that cannot  be  duplicated.    KlnW
inspect our stock.
Car Waita-iastar Ave and Harris Stmt
7-  Cordova St.,   next to   Harvjy'n.
There are still a number of houses within the radius of our
Electric Lighting system that are using coal oil lamp*      TW
should not bo.
Tho Electric Light |S the modern light,  the  safe light.  V*
convenient light,  the cheap light.       ONCE   USED.     ALWA**
USED;   that is why we ask; you to try lt. , lk
Call and see tho Chief of  our Ugh ting Department anil
the matter over.


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