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The Western Clarion Dec 9, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
\5$stative Age
Vancouver.B. C,  Saturday,  December 9, 1905.
DEC   subwrt^tton Prte«
PS* Ts__
[ H    strike Used With Psralyzing Effect by the Rustian Workmen Against
*■•   " The Aotocracy.
_, mui I'uliticul authorities
'beP1Chftr i slowly awakening   to
fcfth* a new weapon of    re-
J'wt «    warfare    has    recently
.°'? lhe genius of Italian. Ger-
fj. French things.    Tha   sec-
.1    nation    -"-*-    «lv,i*- lt a
"•rf   -as-eastrelk,   Uie  strike
universal.     This     blood-
according  to  jo_ruulis-
"''"'u"'!,-.* played a tfrouter rjolq
{opinion. hasPiaj ^J^   thjm
as  follows  on  Russia's  great political labor movement:
"It has really been no more than
a strike, hut a strike which involves
every industry and almost every
class in a country is now seen to b-
a fur more powerful weapon than thd
ordinary rising aguinst coastituted
authority, In Russia such a rising
would  huve  been  hopeless  unless  the
It is reported that the Pope is
shocked at the discovery that some
of the American Bishops "had Surrounded themselves with more luxuries than even the Pope himself was
entitled to." The good old chap
should take Into consideration how
hard the Bishoiis work and what-se--
ful animals they are withal. Surely
the laborer is worthy of his hire."
Complaint i.s made that American
manufacturers are forcing inferior
goods on foreign markets, and a
Washington correspondent of the Chicago Record-Herald suggests that
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ the United States consular service
army   could  have  been  brought  over j*-* used to protest foreign customers
you can not fight a military auto- 'against the imposition. This is an
nolitical upheavals than jcrocv without arms aiiiPainmuiiition, !excellent suggestion. Only first-class
"w firm- _uns ol Togo's ships land in the Empire of the Czar such j goods should be shipped abroad.
'"''! uk- of the •*-*'-"■ Ot Japan. Commodities are us hard to come by j Shoddy and inferior trash should be
1   rocipltato**  matters     in     the  as personal   freedom.  .  .  .   Happily, |«old at home.
-*' ■*,.... irittn tangle, in Russian'at the   eleventh    hour, the Emperor
s      «„-    Fina_h revolutionary'*•.■■■■'-   -h- v._ _ .._■    .—
M assenstr eikr-tho
oniwits'.' 1 tie ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
*7«niversal, which paralyzed the
"5S ' oTnt-rlet concerned. Such
■ih wneral testimony of tho for-
newspai_r.s. They declare that
H-ttil- which was once merely an
Lmic movement in support of a
m [.., higher wages, is now bc-
1-sorted lo in support of a <-laim
'liberty and an enlarged sultrugu.
Enough never before utilized with
k amaziiig results, this method
riinning a political victory has
fog been taught  and prescribed     by
ilist ii'.'iiii'.'ii's; ami at  the great 	
loaalist    gathering     at  Jena some j Russia.      Ai cording  to the    Action,
j*»ago August Bebel, an reported j (Paris)  the strike has been general,
ihis u«n journal, Vorwaerts (Bar-land order has been keot by a volun-
athtjt at. <l   the  principle  of gen- | tjiry  militia, formed of students and
Glass workers in the United States
had a most excellent reason for' devoutly observing "Tha_ksgHi_g
Day." Thoy just had their wages
cut,-5 per cent a few days before.
At least 10 miners lulled in the
Diamondville coal mine disaster; 3
killed and a large number injured in
a furnace explosion at the International Harvester Works; several seriously injured in the collapse of the
roof of the Charing Cross station,
and 7 coal miners suffocated in a
West Virginia mine, is but a part of
the list of casualties in the industrial field. The "risks of capital"
are something fearful to contemplate j
'lhe Cranby mine at Phoenix declares a dividend of over half a million dollars, which is said to be Lhe
largest ever paid by any mining
cumpany in British Columbia. If
tlie Phoenix miners will first ascertain  the number of employees of the
Nicholas,  who had remained    imper- I    Chauncey M. Depew, senator   from
vioiis   to  statesmanlike  ideas    while I-*-* York if you please, confesses to, Granby companv. and then do a lit-
he   might  have  acted   with  a     good
grace, has |>een compelled In sheer
desperation and in the hojie of saving his throne, lo capitulate, and to
grant the most Important and the
most elementary demands of his peo*
Another victory won by this new
weapon of popular freedom, to njuote,
from the Oerman weekly cited altiove,
has id-en the emancipation of Pin-
land, which is a Russian province,
at which    the    t'/ar i.s Grand Duke
the insurance investigating commit-| tie figuring, they may bc able to de-
teo that he doesn't know much ahfaut j termine thc price they pay per man
Insurance anyway. Still he drew , this year for the beneficent pater-
kewn $20,000 a year for looking af-|nalism  of capitalist  property  in the
ter the business of one of the bag
New York swindles in that line.
The (|iiestion that naturally arises
is thfs. If, under such circumstances'
the services of Chauncey M. were
worth $20,000 per annum, what
would the services of a man bc
worth who knows as much about insurance as  we know  about this   old
and' which groans'under Ihe"'v"okl"' of j bunco-steerer    and     humbug     in   the
light of recent developments?
(il strikes ns a means of intluoncine-
irltaient    uml    gaining an ex tenon ul the suffrage, and he support-
the   resolution    which      declared
at "tho slopping of work by    the
hus an
{tilling    i In-
workmen. At last capitulation
came, us is thus related by the Parisian journal:
'"lhe  Governor  of  Finland.   Prince
Oliolensky,   and  lhe  Senate have ofii-
'effective method" jcially  abdicated,  and surrendered all
political   privileges [power  in  the presence  of  the    whole
means whert-by they live. There are,
however, many among the Phoenix
miners who understand the mechanism and workings of capital sufficiently well to know that the half-
million represents the unpaid toil
of the Granby employees. That it
ia, in other words, the proceeds of
robbery; a robbery that will continue so long as labor remains in economic  bondage to capital.
Evils Of The Liquor Traffic Must Coatinee So Loss As There Is Pratt To Bo
Made Ost of It.
Jimed at.    In the None Zeit (8tutt-|population of Ilelsim-furs in thepub-
irtj the German   Socialist   weekly, ilic  eojuarc.       The  Russian  flair     has
ail Lensch  advocated  lhu  political   been superseded by the Finnish   na-jtack all the time by various organi-
irikr lor tut. reasons,  the first    of itionul standard." zations and from time to time    an
tich is thus slated:' Another great   strike  is at present | extra  vigorous  crusade  is instituted
"The foundation of    stability    in I prevailing in Poland, but   according  against it.    Judging from the press
tlropean political almirs has so farjto the Government  documents issued   reports an  extra effort is being put
in in the preponderating    influence (by Witte with regard to the Polish j forth at the present time and    var-
Kussla all    over    the  continent,   agitation  for  universal  suffrage   and  ions  individuals  are  engaged  in  cx-
itie she has been dethroned by J a-lot her  political  privileges,    Poland is  ploiting    their    particular nostrums
fft victory, the whole existing po-'not  to be put  uu  the same   footing |from  prohibition to a lessening    of
t«al system of Europe hus cot laps-las  Finland,   nm-  for  tho  present     to   the number of licenses issued.
lik-- u house of cards.     The poli. [lie Included  in  the last   manifesto   of |   That  the  drink  traffic  has its evil
|tai iiHs m  Europe are to be con-Ithe  Czar,     Poland's  strike  in    War-; side no one will (Wny but that it it
plulaitil    uml r    new conlbinaiions, i saw .   according   to   the  Temps   (Par- ; wholly evil  is a belief held by    pro-
|wi 'bis   movement   appears in the is), has been accompanied by bomb- hiWtionists only.   These good    peo-
tt'itn    •*iuu-,iii(*s,   und  conlin- jihrowings and massacres by the sol-'Ple  would,  if they could, prevent all
pus rumors nf coming war.   France Idlnry,     liom  Witte has  been   vainly   from    indulging    in alcoholic bever-
iklared to lie on the evo of   war ; import uti.tl to \. iihdraw.    In Wi tie's! ages because some drink too     muctb
titli Oeriuuny,   ami   England   i.s fol-1 manifesto to the Poles he stays: 'rhe drinking too muih is the ovil of
ring hn examploi; next, tho en-I "•Rejecttna the Idea of co-opera- \the traffic and if this could lie abol
between France and Kngland! tion with Witte and the Russian p*<>- --Shed there would be no very serin In- developed into a defensive pie in the diiunia, they (the Polish M-**-*-* objection to the man of niodsr-
fal offensive treaty; such a treaty .politicians) are ih-mnnding in a ser- ation looking upon the whiskey when
fsoon to .mite Gennany and    Bus-   ies  of   revolutionary  meetings    com-|it is yellow in the cup.    To deprive
Ia-aml Bo forth. In any case the] plo te autonomy for Poland, with 'a .the whole community of what a ft eat
-riling clans find Unmselves in a s|>et.-ial constitutional Hiet, thereby !majority contend is a necessary of
fficult and critical dilemma, and aiming at thc restoration of the i'i'"-'. because a minority abuses il ap-
■>must bo tm their guard lest 'Kingdom of Poland. Two political 1 l"-ars rather a drastic remedy and
pclhing happen in this crisis' groups, Socialists und Nationalists, experience so
F"h may turn out to be a menace I who are opposed to each other, are !impracticable.
^Iheir vital interest. united  in  this aspiration,  which     is
It will ii iur to everyone that in ' snipported b.v many writers, public-
pis new political situation some ists, and popular orators, who carrv
pw «'a|i"ii of defense must i>e found jthe people with them
land it
is quite correct  to suppose
Tn d'ilferent districts of lhe Vistu-
•t this new weapon will be that of ,1a there have been numerous proces
pi 'inivcrsal slrike.'
     sions with Polish flags, singing   Po-
rontinues to show that this'lish revolutionary songs. At the
oppago of labor is the onlv Just same time the Poles have begun ar-
1 l«a"lul method for obtaining i bitrnri ly to exclude the State lan-
* extension of the aUffr-agOi Iguoge even from -Government lnstitu-
Av,r. Blriklnu illustration of the !tions, where its employment is pro-
"Jth ol this axiom is h»-(4i in the vided for b.v law. In leitaim locali-
'""•I of lho Russian strike**. Of ties bands of workmen and peasants
!» movement Ihe Westminster (ia- have been pillaging schools, State
■-« <London), says; 'spirit shops, and   communal   buua-
"A hundred .year's ago the pike and ing-s, destroy ing all corra^ondence
""oUne were the instruments of ' in the Hussinn language tluit Uiey
9 "evolutionary;  todav  he chooses j found.   ... ••
-imiversa]   strike,     And   since     off    "ltepresentutives   of   local   autnori-
< lho strikes  there is  none  that   is   ty have, in defense of order and put£
'•nmet_af.'ly    paralyzing as that   lie safety,  boon watering the   earta
for a vear past with their blood,
falling victims to political crimes.
The reasonable part of Polish society is impotent against the pressure
of revolutionary organizations.
"The Government Will not tolerate
attacks on the integrity of tbe F-m-
pire 'Ihe plans and acts of the insurrectional ies force it to declare in
a decisive manner that as long as
the tromiJes in the Vistula districts
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ continue,  and  as  long  as that   part
i,-,i.'C1l   "s,,'iK'-'    •<*"• thirty days,  In I        .      ^ _ ,«.___-.
'n|"r to arganlnj an   ann.d   rising pol it leal agitiitt.rs continues >t**P"£
."'* lho   Coverntnont,  after     the jont sway over tho country, these dis-
The drink  traffic is subject to     at- j would never reach the workers' pock>-
et but remain in his employer's. So
long as workingmen are united in
considering liutuor a necessary part
of their subsistence so long must
their wages cover the cost of this
and so long will the man attaining
from liquor reap the advantage over
his fellows. If litjuor wore made
unattainable wages would fall because workingmen could live at less
cost than before and the competition
for jobs would then, as ever, force
wages to the cost of livting. The
•' sol Air" man's advantage would then
Socialists claim that thc most important thing to be done towards
abolishing the use of li'quor to excess is to eliminate private gain
from the selling of liojuor. Let the
drinking places lie municipally owned and controlled. The man who
would do the selling would have no
interest in pushing sales and no
drunken men would be served, nor
any served after hours. This, however, may possibly savor of socialism and thus frighten the good temperance men of this bourgeois burg.
It does not ap'tcar to be to much as
»    *    *
In 1890, 15 per cent of the working population of the United States
was without employment part of the
year, in 15)00 the percentage rose to
22 and in 190ft over 49 per cent,
was without employment part of the
year. These years have been on the
whole, years of steadily increasing
prosperity   for   tho   capitalist     class
far, has   proved   it
ihe present crusade in Winnipeg is
devoted to the reduction of licenses
in the city, thus, of course, increasing the takings of the fortunate individuals  left undisturbed and caus
ing the owners of the promises much
rejoicing in t_e Increased value of
their property, but this fact is apparently  overlooked.
Temperance reformers arc never
tired of pointing out the enormous
sum   spent    in drink and how much
would lie if its members never drank.
They point out the "sober" man as
an example of how abstinence from
ilrink adds to the material comfort
of the ubstaimer.
The temperance reformers either do
more "comfortabie "t he Tot-king tfd_d|«n_ ^Jhe^fig^es^ow^ttat^eeij
act oimosite has been the case with
the working class. The cause of the
continued displacement of labor by
improved machinery and tho remedy
is the ownership of this machinery
b.v the    working    class.     Thus, and
rh''li stops   work    on theTrailways,
P' l«i-ilon  Insurant  begins     with
The Czar was brought to terms by
"'■• strike as  l'haraoh,    tyrant     of
Wi, came lo  terms at  the    wave
'"' Prophet's rod.    The new and
me manifesto of Nicholas II.,   ns
"•"'lifted in all tho European papors
r""-l«l the Itevoliilionnrv   Con.mii-
■ according t(> the Petit Parisian,
hat they "decided to suspend tho. .-- ,. u      -„„    .„
r,ll,lcal   slrike    for thirty days,  injof  the population  which adbeios   to
..I . --■•.nuiHJIJl,       ill I VI till'
« or that   period,  should  fail     to
I  its pledges, including tho   pro-
,rRT, or nxinesiy to political  prison-
I •■■'' Guardian, (Iondon) comments
iricts will receive none of Uie benefits resulting from the manifestos of
August is nnd October :«), 1905."
—-Tabulations made for The Literary.
,   6 PoUtical strike is a force that
f-fouW seem is almost beyond tho
*w of the people of the moro pro-
*lve nations to Invoke. While tho
''lroi>ean reformers have in the past
It is alleged thai tho sum of. $1,-
800,000 was expended by tlie Bop-b-
lican National Committee in --"M-
to elect Roossvelt and PairlHanks.
Aibotit 0000 contributors to the
urn woe unknown to the chairman
of   ibe   committee.     The   H**-££
^- Wn S^-^i^KigJpg.  .S^tTfftt? forking
1U*;i1.lh?*-0'"»**-.*-ty or    utility I "J     and   it should be e-pecially
gratifying to tho "...ules to'know
that thev have such friends to look
out for their welfare and so gener-
"isly an.l disin.eres.etllyi provide the
cash to secure it.
*M on
a political or universal strlkie, tha
.1* i --"ssia have  been     other
(or it'"Sy; ""-'y havrD been preparing
W. y" *' has been accomplished; it
,.m ,n -Mccessful. The false sys-
imnli i- ''''nt,-*"i■<"'^,   growth  hns     boon
•Kin     •zo<1'    inhe s,ri-*e was   HU<-
lioi„' a"d Peacoful; bloodshed    and
lik-l , had to ha Initiated and   in-
L        by  tho  tottering   system.     If
Forlrf-.    ako     not    ». real   step in
Progress has been   mode   in
id ,h"'. ant- -■ has been domoiistrat-
,., "l Ibe force lichlnd the mere
hi. n, «t>,v<***al nulttal of work is
■feldM efTocllvo thnt has yet lieen
'ol    a    oy    the iieople.-lWinnlpog
Thnt Polish workingnien no longer
tamely submit to being clubbed or
killed by the Citar'S police is evident from the following poster which
recently appeared In the suliurhs of
Warsaw. "Taught by sad experience, the police promise not to disturb workers' meetings wherever isuchl
tnkte place, if the workers on their
part promise not to attack the police or make attempts on their lives'1
not   see  or are''wilfully" blind' t_" the I <**us °«ly. van the workers reap   the
fn.t   that   if nil  workers  were   sober ;benefit of labor-saving devices,
the money  no  longer sjient  in  drink SPARTACUS.
Vulgar Display of Britain'! Pomp ni Powtr Abroad, While Hor Workort Slam
At Homo.
Prince Henry, of Uuttcnburg, commanding a Hritish sjiiadron, anchor*
td his fleet in Chesapeake l»ay. and
going across the country in a train,
spent the day with President Roosevelt in  the White House.
In the war of 1812, a British fleet
anchored almost in the same waters
and a continental army and navy Uri
j-uilo expedition went across the
country, captured Washington and
burned  thc city.
The only thing that balanced this
was tho defeat of many of the same
troops by  Jackson at New Orleans.
But  on    the day    when the prince
llalfour uttered no encouranremrnt,
but he warned the starving wretches
against socialism as a remedy for
their ills.
A government that cannot offer a
remedy in a crisis such as confronts
the working classes in Kngland is in
no condition to warn against any'
The Knglish system of government
is thc oldest in Elurope. In many
things it is excellent. Put the wisdom of its rules and Parliament that
has run through eight hundred, years
has not yet reached a solution of (onj
industrial problem.
lint not until the common people
of France rose over a hundred years
"V ."" i4„*".*,^T»rr.Kt-t<Mit a stranire   ago did the rulers realize their pow
,unch."d with the President a strange , ago ^ ^    CpjpprerAate    their
tiling took place in London
An iiriny of unemployed English
men and women marohed to the
house of Premier Balfour and begged
for work.
They told llalfour they were starving ' Mothers said their nursing
Ijfl.lfl.s at thoir breasts wore starving.
And Balfour, the head of the En_-
lisli .government, could give tho
starving no comfort. He was as
hopeless as were the starving.
But Kngland has money for battleships for the civil list,'for tho King
and for incomes for tho idle rich but
is powerless to see to it that there
is an opportunity for work for those
who nro tho real producers of the
rights. Until the French revolution
parliaments wore1 mainly concerned
in levying taxes for kings, armies,
and ships, lf tho people starved to
death they died uncomplainingly or
their cries were stifled.
Now it is different. Men refuse to
starve without, a struggle against
the conditions thnt bring aJuput their
hunger.     ___^___^___^_^____^
And Kngland henceforth must give
attention to its working dosses instead of to its navy nnd save them
or l»e destroyed     _^^_^^^_^^_
Battohburg's English ships came in
an unpropitious time for celoblratlng
an Knglish holiday.—I.os Angeles
Tho aro Discovering that Thoir latoroati Llo Aroand Tho Inpleaioati ot ladar
try aid Not Tho Tools ot Harder.
The cause of International peace
is being silently fed by various currants that are little noticed by the
suuerfusal or even by those who rely mainly upon outward appearance^
and events about which there is
much general discussion, as a basis
for their conclusions. Three recent
happenings will illustrate this fact
and help us to understand why men
of profound conviction, who view MftVj
in the comprehensive maimer of
broad and deep thinkers, are optimists even while in no wise abating
their vigorous fight against those
things that make for war, corruption, injustice and savagery.    -
Today the cause of peace is being
advanced from two divisions of human activity, one of which has ever
before, save perhaps in brief periods
of religious awakening, ranged itself on the side of war. Not only
are thc wisest, sanest and noblest
representatives of conscience-guided)
intelligence Rattling for the abatement of war and the curse of militarism, (but the proletariat who have
heretofore been the first to respond
to the jingjo-cries of selfish rulers and
dema'gogues, are today, for the first
time in earth's histocy displaying at
once the wisdom of enlightened self-
interest and regard for the fundamental ethics of Christianity.
Several months ago, when the parliament of Norway voted to sever
the union, which existed between Norway and Sweden, the ruling powers
of the sister nation immediately resorted to threats of violence. The
parliament of Sweden talked of little less than forcing Norway by thc
might of the military arm to remain
in a union hateful ,to thc latter nation. Apparently there wns little
thought on the part of Swedish
statesmen of any adjustment other
then by en appeal to the arbitrament of force. The position token
was precisely such as favors acts
which render war inevitable, and in
past times under such circumstances
the masses havo usually been ijuick
to respond to the belligerent suggestions of self-seeking- statesmen and*
warriors.       On    this o -casilon, how.
ever, something happened new in hlr* ^-^—-—^-^--^-^-^-^^^^^^^^^^
tory. lhe labor unions of Sweden, fast, it was read by tens, if not
speaking with unanimity, denounced hundreds of thousands of people who
the talk of war, declaring not only would never have heard the uddr.sss
their determination not to shoot had the statesman come in person
dotwn their brothers of Norway, but to deliver it. And the address was
many unions voted that if the gov- all that the Kmperor doubtless fear-
ernment persisted in going to war, a ed it would be. It showed the workt-
great strike should be called in all ers how their own high interests, no
departments of industrial activity less than the weal of civilization, de-
throughout  the realm. manded international peace. It plead**
This action, we believe, is the first <"d with the wealth-creators of all
instance on record where the produc- lands to unite in en international
ing millions of a nation served no- federation, pledged to peace and am-
tice on the ruling and parasite class- ity—-a federation which, when strong
es that they could not reckon on the lenough, will render war no longer
industrial   army to engage   in   that probable, if not impossible, and    in
and the bulwark for those who ia
safety rea[ied glory, honor and
wealth from the war, hut that the
greatest sufferers in war wer-j the
hundreds af thousands of widows a_d!
iiri-ians of the industrial classes,
who aro alw-ays robbed on evcry
hand of tho supporting arm when
nations war, and who, after i-eaco
is declared, long feel tho burden ot
war through the excessive taxation
levied to pay for its expenses.
Another very significant recent incident tnat should afford genuine
satisfaction to all friends of international peace was the eliect that
followed Emperor William's urLitr-
ary refusal to allow the illustrious
French statesman, M. Jean .'mires,
to deliver an address at "he Socialist Congress in Berlin. Croat as is
the Emperor William's hatred of all
cial democracy, and, indeed, of all
forms of democracy or aught else in
government that exalts the power of
tlie people and tends Jo curb the autocratic sway of the Kaiser, it was
not because of Socialism, as was afterwards shown, that he determined
to take so high-handed a course as
to prohibit one of the most distinguished statesmen of a sister nation
from speaking in his empire. The
Kaiser, it is stated, found out that
the burden of M. .1 mures' address was
to be a plea for international peace.
He understood that the powerful
steM that the French statesman hact
so ably taken in his Paris journal
as well as in his addresses, in regard
to the folly and criminality of wnr,
would form the chief topic of his
spwch; and knowing the power of
tho. most eloifucnt orator of Europe
and fearing beyond all else the awakening of the proletariat to the fact
that however much the throne, the
ruling classes and the parasites
might benefit from war, he refused
to permit M. Jaures to address the
Berlin public.
But this prohibition outraged the
sturdy Germans' innate love of fair
play. Men hitherto Indifferent to
Jaures or his views now became interested, and when the Socialist
Central committee publisht-d the address in full  nnd scattered it broad-
form of licensed -murder called war
This declaration not only suddenly
chilled the ardor of the statesmen,
who counted on the workers to be
the food for tiie cannon, but il. produced a profound impression ail over
the Christian world. It is s»*ted
that, humiliated and disappointed as
was thc Kmperor William at finding
the autocracy of Russia weakened
and defeated by Kngland's vigorous
ally in the far east, his chagrin nnd
anger at Russia's impotence >vu« less
than, thc alarm nnd disgust occasion-)
ed by the talk of Norway's ehialilish-
ing a democratic form of government
and the new and ominous n< te that
the workers of Sweden struck when
organized lal«or significantly protested against the nation's engaging in
on unholy war. He knew that already in his realm over three million voters were the sworn enemies
of mil tar ism. He knew that the moment the workers the world over
came to clearly see the true situation, they would render war Impossible, for they would not only realize that they, the strong arm of the
nation, were the food for the cannon
so doing will destroy the burden of
militarism. The following extracts
from Jaures' address will give the
reader the keynote of the speech the
Kaiser feared to have the Germans
"War, liko the exploitation of lnbor, is just a form of capitalism, and
the prevention of wars between nations, and the prevention of war between capital and labor in each nation, are associated tasks. The execution of these tasks means a «ri-
gantic educational effort, a hopeful
"Our horror of wnr does not proceed from weak sentinwntallsm, from
enervation. We nre as ready as oth-t
ers to accept the inevitable evils of
tbe human lot.
"But in Europe of today Hhcrty-
and justice are no longer to .he achieved through bloodshed; the grievances of a people are no longer to
be redressed in that way, but through
an international unity—which, however, leaves each nation as unft?tb-r-
ed in its specific relations as individuals arc in their respective communities."—Tho  Arena.
It would appear from the following clip|ied from "Hikara, the new
central organ of Jotnanoso Socialists,
that the demonstration in Tokio in
September last had other reasons
than that given by the capitalist papers at the time. "The Hikaroj"
(The Light), is thc new paper of the
Tokyo Socialists in place of "Cho-
krugen," whieh was suppressed at tho
time of the demonstrations referred
"There was a great demonstration
of people in Tokyo at the beginning
of. September last. Its true cause,
neither being thc discontent of the
Iieople over the terms of peace, as
it was snid to be by the shallow
journalistic observors, nor helng momentary excitement caused by the
jingoistic papers as it was said to
be by crafty government, but was an
outburst of the great discontent our
proletariat felt against tho ruling
class; though it may be it was manifested  half unconsciously.
""Martini law wns then promulgated 1 Publication of several papers
was suspended one after another, of
which the "Chokugwn," the sole or-
i-tui of Japanese Socialists, was]'most'
severely punished, being still under
the bnn.
"The 'Helmlnsha," the publishing
office of the "Chokugen" and the centre of the socialist movement in Japan,  was compelled to dissolve    it
self as an effect of the severe oppression.
''So the socialist movement in Japan will take a new course hereafter,
though we do not know, nor ran say
how it will be directed or what move
ment will be taken."
Thc class struggle between the
capitalist class and the wording-
class is a struggle for control of the
moans of wealth production. As ownership, and therefore control, is determined by the organized powers of
the State, the struggle becomes a
political struggle, with the pufblic
powers as tho immediate stake at
issue. Tho capitalists are using every means in their power to fortify
themselves in possession,, while the
workers are marshalling their forces
for the purpose of seizing possession
in behalf of their own economic
dlass. With tho conquest of the
powers of tho State, tho working-
class will -become master of the menns
of production. To the master of tho
means of production belongs the product of labor. Henceforth, labor
will be free, because, master of its
means of living, it will lie no .linger exploited or roblx-d of its pro-
due-,. With the conquest of tho public powers by the working-clasA, the
class struggle will end. Government
the instrument of repression, will become obsolete because no longer necessary.   "Tho State will die out."-
I '
,   ■ i!__
V      ,,a*!
' •"-*_
-    I
*•' ._
*:/ '
Sn Western Darin
^»'w"^v^^»■*■*■^l^ ■**■**--■
Published every Saturday ln ths
interests of the working class alone
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Street. Vancouver,  B.   C.
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SATURDAY, DEC. 0,  1905.
It ia pleasing to record that evidence comes to the Clarion office
each day showing the ideas of revolutionary socialism to be widespread throughout British Columbia-
From remote and widely separated
parts of the province come words of
cheer from comrcdes hitherto unknown, showing U.e leaven to be
working in a manner to assure a political uuheaval in the not distant
future, portentous of stupenduous
change in the economic aspect of
Comrade Harry Sibble, who is representing tbe Clarion in the upper
country reports that in his travels
from Vancouver to Revelstoke end
thence to the Okanagan, he finds the
doctrines" of Socialism meet with trea-»'
dy response, and the revolutionary
movement of the proletariat to be
the topic of the hour.
Comrade A. J. Arnason, who has
just reached Vancouver from a trip
on the island as far north as Cumberland and Courtenay, mikes a similar report, and declares that the
workers in the Coal Camps are rapidly nearing the point of being rips
and ready for the overthrow of the
present system of property, the exacting exploitation of which they are
beginning to understand.
One pleasing feature of it all,
is that, the straightforward uncompromisingly revolutionary movement
alone commands attention. Its doctrine alone is capable of appealing
to the class ir. human society upon
whose backs are borne the burden of
civilization—the working class. The
ichildish and futile palliatives of
patchwork and reform, arouse no interest. The occupation of the 'opportunist" seems to be gone.
This is as it should be. The present system of property based upon
the utilization of tbe means oi production as capital, or in simpler language as a means of robbing labor
of its products, renders unto the
workers as a class, all that it con
possibly give them. That is the
market-price of their labor-power, in
quantity to the extent of the amount
that may be profitably utilized in
production. That the market price
of labor-power, (wages) is forced
down to the lowest notch by the
huge surplus of it continually in the
market, is self-evident. Gradually,
the workers are beginning to see and
to feel this. They are beginning to
know that their conditions as wealth)
producers can be neither appreciably
nor permanently bettered by anything short of the abolition of capital and its wage-system. The economic pressure, continually on the
increase, is forcing them to turn instinctively lj* the direction of deliverance and making them peculiarly
receptive to the propaganda of emancipation.
Forward with the work of spreading the propaganda of the revolution
so that 1 lie next provincial election
may crystallize into action a political expression of the proletariat of
sufficient magnitude to invade tbe
legislature with a representation of
sufficient strength to ward off all
future attacks of capitalist legislative pirates.
 0  .
Strenuous Roosevelt has been delivered of a message, and the same
has been turned over to the Congress1
for post-natal, purposes. It is really a remarkable production, that is,
it is remarkable for its vacuity. Of
course, it proclaims general and
wide-spread "prosperity," which every one who reads even the lying ch.pi
talist press knows to be not true.
It contains a fierce attack upon
corporations, so fierce in fact that it
is enough to make tnat soulless creation fairly guffaw. As a sample of
the fierceness the following is offered:
"In order to insure a healthv social and industrial - life every, big cor-
portaion should be held respbnsible
by and accountable to some sovereign strong enough to control its
Surely, no red-handed anarchist
could desire anything fiercer than
that. And then, as if there could
be any "healthy social and industrial life," under the present system
of property with its wholesale robbery of the working class. And yet
again, the strenuous person should
have located tho sovereign "strong
enough," etc., so that the guileless
voting mule might have captured him
for the occasion at the next election.
While the message vaguely hints at
the federal government as the sovereign, this must have been intended
as a joke for anyone nt all well-post--
ed knows that the corporations are
the government.
The rocommendaMon that steps be
taken to prevent railways charging
"unjust and unreasonajble rates"
should meet with the hearty approval of every workingman, as it is
well known that the average wage-
slave is a heavy shinner of freight
as well as a great traveller.
The Department of Commerce and
Labor is advised to make an investigation into the employment of women and children in industry, as
Vthere is need of a full knowledge
on which to base action looking toward State and municipal legislation.
for the protection of'worktag women*
The introduction of women into in'
dustry is working change and disturbance in the domestic and social life
of the nation. The decrease in marriage and especially in the birth-rate
has been coincident with it." AH of
which, somehow seems to conflict
with that "general prosperity" assertion, though presumably it is an
apparent confliction only.
The suggestion that steps be taken to regulate thc conduct of   heads
of insurance    companies should    be
frowned down by every working-man.
From information that has recently
leaked out, it s-eems. that a Job    as
president of an insurance company is
even better than working in a brewery,  nnd as the opportunity to rise
to such a position is open to every
one, thc wage-slave should offer   emphatic  objection  to  any  action     on
the  part  of  government  that might
tend to prevent him drawing ,-the full
scale as "set "by the insurance presidents' union, once he got there.
Something in connection with this
insurance business seems to have
awakened Theodore to the necessity
of arousing the "public conscience,"
whatever that may be, for he declares that, "the only complete remedy for this condition must be
found in an aroused public conscience**
a higher ethical conduct in the community at large, and especially am
one business men and in the great
profession of the law." It will at
least, be a comfort to those who
have been suspicious of business men
to know that the great Roosevelt entertains similar suspicion.
Con-up ion in elections is deprecated. This seems quite apropos in
view of the fact that the Republican
National Committee only expended
$1,800,000 in electing the "'strenuous" one last year.
The precious document ends with a
modest lot of typical drivel about
the "Monroe Doctrine." Immigration
Niaigara Falls, etc., Take it all
around, and it is about the most pit-*
iful production in that line of nonsense that ever happened.
The President's annual message to
congress is a sort >of first cousin to
the "speech from the throne," with
which the people of bargain counter
monarchies nre wont to regale themselves at periodic intervals. Atfoout
the chief feature of either is that it
affords a faithful mirror tin which is
rcflocfed tho mental vacuity of that
particular faction of the ruling class
that happens for the moment to be
In the saddle. That the recent
Roosevelt production in this line ls
about one of the weakest ever
brought forth is no accident. The
more complete becomes the development of capitalist industry the more
helpless become Us spokesmen and
defenders in dealing with the problems that arise in conse'.nienco of it.
In its earlier days capitalism, with
its mission still unattained, produced men of action, able men, statesmen, who, with their work cut out
for them by the industrial development still to be achieved, arose to
the occasion in a way that distinctly marked them as the exponents of
a social and - Industrial order" that
had .not Vet .reached the zenith, of it*
powers and its possibilities.
But OapftaMsm has practically ach*\
loved its mission. The problem of
production has been solved. In ohled-
ienco to the mandate of the all powerful machinery of production, the
wide-spread ramification of its oper
ations and the disposal of its products, the great cor__ination of capital known as the corporation has
sprung into existence. By virtue of
its ownership of the machinery of in-f
dustry the corporation becomes sole
arbiter of the social and industrial
forces. It becomes the sovereign,
and all social and industrial institutions became its instruments, chief
among which is the institution of
government itself. The corporate
massing of capital into gigantic
holdings has already been well-nigh
completed. The production and distribution or iron and steel, oil, sugar, meats, flour, cotton, wool, and
many other staples, as well as the
transportation lines, are now controlled by a mere handful of capitalists through a limited number of
Capital has conquered the earth.
Its piratical banners float over the
people of all lands. There arc no
new worlds to conojuer. It can neither control the industrial power it
has conjured forth, nor convert the
wealth under its hand to the purpose ot human progress, and the
uplift of the race to higher and nobler planes of civilization. Capitalism is entering its dotage. Its
spokesmen, upholders and apologists
aee impotent to deal with the problem of what to do with tho economic power of which it poses as tho
master. It has no further mission
to perform. Like a man who has
uassed the zenith of his powers it.
is now doddering through second
childhood to its grave. The onetime ringing words of its Paine,
Henry, Adams, Jefferson, Jackson,
Clay, Webster and Lincoln, have degenerated into the senile babblings
of Depew, Cockran, Bryan, Clove-
land, Lodge, Beveridge, and a host
of lesser nonentities, and the vigorous presidential message ot years
gone by into this latest vacuous production of Roosevelt's.
A movement has been set on foot
by San Francisco comrades to have
'the International Socialist Bureau
call upon the Socialists of all countries to set aside Jan. 22, 1906, the
first anniversary of the massacre of
the St. Peters-burg petitjoners, as a
day of international demonstration
in aid ot the Russian revolution.
This movement commends itself to every Socialist and should meet with
the approval and support of every
class-conscious worker. The bonds
of class-solidarity that are to bind
the workers of all lands into Freedom's conquering host are being rapidly forged during these glorious
days and no more convincing proof
of the fact could be given to the
ruling class than by the* workers laying down their tools upon the coming Jan. 22, in memory of their brothers murdered by the Russian autocracy upon that "Bloody Sunday,"
and as an expression of sympathy
with and aid to our heroic fellows
who are so nobly waging warfare
against the tyranny of centuries. Let'
that day be not forgotten b-- the international proletariat; let thc message of fraternal greeting be sent
the struggling Russian workmen from
all countries; and what is still more
to the point let the day be devoted
to the raising of funds to provide
them with arms in their "defence to
The Clarion sincerely hopes to see
this call to demonstration meet with
such hearty response upon this western continent as to show to the
world that in the rapidly approaching day when accounts shall be balances between the economic slave
and his master, our own bargain
counter ruling class is not to be left
out of the reckoning.
Should Isis, who, in the olden
days when Ancient Egypt was still
in her childhood, had taught thc
people how to make bread, ever
come back to earth sho would be
amazed and astounded at the progress which has been made in her
domestic art. In a report on the ini
vention of a new bread-making machine which converts wheat into
bread without the aid of a hand,
Consul Liefeld, at Freiburg, Baden,
says that If the invention continues
to duplicate its alleged success on a
large scale, it will undoubtedly effect a great revolution in tho broad-
making industry. He reports that a
large milling bakery, with a capacity of 300,000 pounds a day made
by this machine, is now under 1 construction in London, and it is claimed that it will reduce the price of
bread from ten cents a loaf to six
As London alone consumes 6,000,-
000 pounds of bread a day, the invention may effect a dally saving of
960,831.25, or over $21,899,250 per
annum to the people of London
alone. The machine greatly simplifies the process of bread-making. At
present the miller grinds his wheat
perhaps as many as 16 times to ob
tain the best flour. By the new
method the wheat is ground only
once. This grinding gives three products—flour, middlings and "bunn.
The foremost is conducted to the htn,.
the bran Is mechanically carried and
automatically weighed in sucks,
while the middlings pass cto tepid
water, by which all the fl-.ury part
is washed out. This water, impregnated with nutritive material, flows
into the kneading pan, by which the
dough is automatically produced.
The dough is left to rise for on© and
a half or tvvo hours, is then shaped
into loaves, and forty minutes later
the hot bread is ready to be delivered, it- is claimed that this process
produces iierfectly sweet white bread
from English wheat alone. It is a
well-known fact that bakers will not
venture to make bread from English
flour unless mixed with the best foreign flour. And thus a large saving is made by the system.—Machinists'  Journal.
If thero be anything well calculated to make the heart glad it is a
device of any sort that will tend to
lessen tho burden inflicted upon the
consumer by being forced to pay ten
cents for his loaf. This beneflcient
invention that is to save four cents
upon the loaf should lie hailed as a
veritable heaven sent blessing. If
the figures representing the possible
saving in Ixmdon alone bc correct,
and the invention be generally applied, what a glorious vista of possibility is opened up before the long-
suffering consumer, who has been so
ruthlessly robbed in the purchase of
bread. Of course, the saving hinted
at above will arise from the fact
that under the now process less labor will be recfjuired in the bread-
niakiag industry thnn formerly.
Bread being cheapened by more than
one-thied will lessen the cost of production of lalior-power and the pressure of the surplus labor in the market will force the wage down in corresponding ratio. The only consumer that will in the long run benefit
(by the reduction, is the parasite who
lives upon profit drawn from the
sweat of other men's brows. The
bread-makers displaced by the new
method and hurled into tho vortex
of the unemployed, the denizens of
which live chiefly on wind, may solace themselves with the comforting
reflection that they arc no longer
roribed either as producers or consumers.
Labor produces all wealth and to
the laborers it should properly belong. It is needless to remark that
it never will belong to* them fio long
as their capitalist masters aro left
in control of the means—production.
In Maryland a proposed amendment to the constitution having for
its purpose the disfranchisement of
the working class, was defeated at
the recent election by a majority of
28,000. From this it would appeal-
that the Maryland worker is at least
up to the average of working class
intelligence if not a little above it.
Witte's fall is said to be imminent
and tho reactionary forces are clamoring for repression and a dictator.
It is a wonder thoy never thought of
repression before. Oh, by the way,
what is that which has been practiced by the Russian government for
centuries!     Perchance    it  would     Ine
termed moral suasion.
o              ■' -
President  Howard,   of  the Western
Fuel  Company,   of  Nanaimo,   is     to
give each "married, or head of house-i
hold employee"  a Christmas turkey
Tho last time the company ted    its
employees    it    was  ox,  now  it has
dwindled  to turkey.     It is rumored
that    Howard     put     off making  it
ijoose until the next time for fear th*|
presence of thnt particular fowl tmigh'
be  too  suggestive at   present.
Five yearly sub. cards, $3.75.
glT-very Ubur Union ln „ .   ,
mouth,    secret.™ A,,,:,-"*"
use note
t--\ ii
Phoenix Trades a-idL^-r^
MeeU     every     altern°°    M°UnciL
President.  M.  .1.  tliin,. ,-, '"m-'-.|
dont,     N.   Ix'nie
Arms,   T.   IV
Treasurer,   Webster
WUX;       Ser
COSKroVA'   a
Be.       r",a-''
Box, 198, Phoenix, p '
w. r.
M.    Meets
_ Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note. 	
What is a Capitalist?
•A parasite.
What work does he do?
None that    could     be
in polite society.
What is Capitalism?
A skin-game played on thc working people.
Whet does the worker worship?
A job; the process by which he delivers his hide to the Capitalist.
What blessing does he receive in
The privilege of gnawing his own
bones, which is termed wages.
What is a salary?
Bones with a little fat on them.
What is a Politician?
A capper for the skin-game; a hot-
air pump that makes the worker believe himself prosperous even with
but a small bona to gnaw, and fat,
though his belt be buckled in the
lost hole and his ribs sun-litleached.
What is a sky-pilot?
Another capper; a dispenser of
heavenly soporifics to workers, and
conscience soothing plasters to capitalists, which has the happy double
effect of making the worker content
with his bones, by showing him how-
it is easier for a rich man to enter
the torrid zone than for a needle to
go through a camel's eye, and of developing callouses upon the capitalists brains that appear to
come from packing the load of responsibility placed in his hands by
the ruler of thc universe.
What  is an In/unction?
A swat on the solar plexus of the
worker who becomes aftlliated with
a horrible disease called hankering
after meat on his bones, for tho purpose of preventing the spread of the
contagion among his fellow taone-
glnawers, who are still healthy, sane
and docile.
Why is the American workingman
called a sovereign?
Because, having a noose, (franchise) with which he might strangle
the capitalist class to whom he is
compelh- J to surrender his hide, he
has no better sense than to use it to
shut off his own wind.
—— o	
lt is reported that nearly 100,000
employees of German textile mills
and electrical plants are locked out
because they have asked for higher
wages. The punishment is indeed,
light for such a heinous offence.
 o .
The British ministry has resigned,
and a bunch of Liberal old women of
doubtful sex are hieing to toe parliament house upon tho wings of anticipation. The daily papers humorously refer to tho ridiculous affair
as a "political crisis," and to tho
aforesaid old women as '"'statesmen."
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Commitme,
A. B. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. O.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St..
Vancouver,  B. C.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside Block, 313 Cambie
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
D.  P. MILLS, Secretary.
Box 83B,  Vancouver B.  C.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41   Henry  street,     W.  O.  Oribble.
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
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plemeiit, the wage system
155 Cerdeva Street
And   have   it   rejuvenated wil* -*M
Ilia.   Old Hats Cleaned, Ptsmt ^ |
Made aa  Oood  aa    New   by
workmen and at moderate «0,t'
Elijah Leard.
,c»0>HH H^S"
United Hatters of North America
.. It ft*'
When you ar* bv-ylm* a FUIl H*'** *", r„^m
the Oen-i-a Union Labal la »«wed In It" u -nt
has loose labeli in his possaaston and un» j^
one In s hat for you. Jo not patronlM W*"' (W,|u
label*  In   retail  ftoraa  ere  countarfoltd tb* |
Dilon  Labal Is perforata*  on four etl«ee,  •       |(0l
hum m a pestac* ata-ip.    Counterfeits $ 1
time* perforated on  threa •**•».  •■*<-  ""'",.,Dh|. I' '
on two.     Joha  tt. StaUon Co.. ol PblladUP*"
non-union cancern.
JOHN  A.   MOrriTT,   Pr»»t<t«n». Oranr*. "•
MATtTIN    LAWLOrt,    Secretary,    U   * *
New Yark. eaWftt-AV. btitii *-. ifeos.
Ti -   I.  ■_■!     --iTliii
Socialist Party of Canada
-juK-AN, Secretary, Vancouver, B. C.
*     niiai-    business meeting
■*._2flocal was held lit the head-
ili*al'*' ■„.  Monday evening.  Dt-cum-
W"c0°mrade 1-eah priding.
-*•   'tho adoption of the previous
'•"f  ,uitl the reading of commun-
uuK'b    ,'■„, com. Burris, of   Se-
i*,R'"'Vi,.. Victoria Lot-*1 und    the
■ mi
jBliorlMtl rot
jjieratiiro ....
wurrants  were
:nl.,a|~l-'.M*-utiv«-1  mmmmmmmm
the followlbg amounts)
   $  3.50
\ volt- nl' '"'
cognition was   passed,
favors from Mr. Dob-
_■,„"nresented the local  with a
iw», Z and coal for the use of the
fillers, and **-<*0 a Victoria
Evade, who sent us a netitly pointy
li „a*i»itt"**(""8' "--n1'
foiina'lt- Mrs. It'inis, Waluy, and
I. secrciar.v, were appointed a
ELlttee to devise ways and means
,, ijouidallng the financiul obliga-
L of thi"* loco--
ih,.  financial    report   showed re-
■ftpU of I*--60- .      .
iht' matter of the Communications
(rmi the Provincial Executive, ami
irtoriit l" id. respectively, both of
;l,j,h relates to the matter of the
'ruviiiiial convention, was after
§oinf diacussion referred to a npc-<ial
Beting to-be heldion the loth inst.
[j ;i p.m., i' being the general option lhal the regular meeting on
^ iiih will l»- too much talum up
rlth the matter of the nomination
candidates In the municipal olec-
1 All i-oiiiruiles are requested to nc-
Ut [his a*, filial notice for both
Ii.  P. MILLS,  Sec.
fain o-ivi-r, Dec.  6,  1005.
ami from
the most
i   Smith's
An interesting letter signed b.v Mr.
ll. Kelly, appeared in a recent
sun of Hn- Nanaimo Free Press. As
i metier ol public Instruction the in-
grmation whi'h this letter contains
s northy  of  the  notice  of  a  larger
Id of renders than it is lik-ly to
itirun in a local daily. By way of
gtroduction, 1 may say that Mr-
it-lly has nt all times bean a man-
e of Mr. Smith's camiiaign commit
-hanging his political complex-
*n Irom independent labor to Iflf-Or,
rum Iii'ttii' iu lalitu- lily ial
Ibor lilx-ral to liln-rnl in
mini/ill    urn-on   with   Mr
i«tl slide.
Mi   Kelly .--ii \ s:
"Three years ago Harry Further
old me that "ii good thing" was gong i» waste in Nanaimo, ami ask4_
nliiilf of himself and friends,
ill fishermen) to apply for a ten
ar-. lease of the foreshore iu_r
* 'n year lenw-s were common
Mug) nt thai time, so I applied in
usiiiii n-aj through Mr. Sword,
letter went to Ottawa anil was
rated to Mr. .Smith. Soon aft
IPta I j-ol a letter from him
li«h he told me he could not
I »ay to grant a monopoly of this
nd liuli^il he was just then ac-
■■■l.v engaged trying to havo these
Wlegea stopped altogether, and I
'a> "ay tbat a few months after
i* tunc i he council at Ottawa do-
lo grant no more of these mo-
fH-Hatic privileges.
'•"'ii I applied for a yearly li-
with exclusive privileges. This
again refused to grant. ' I then
and told him that if two
"mis «rerc grunted, the men as-
Mated with     me   fdt    thev    dc-uld
i> "o further,  ns   two seines   w.mld
lit pay,
•Ji- then replied that if I wanted
l' "tense ho  was willing to   grant
°-J   ''iiitlition    thnt  we t.niplnv.tl
f J-ner lhan white labor, and that
"|\ statement was correct
■ 'hi-   employment    j 	
""ought    that    the   department
I in (rivo „s reasonable protection.
"" 'wing the   l»est   we could   get
"'""'•I With  the offer.    We signed
'"I1"- to the elTect  that, we should
'Woy white Bsbermen only.
.    •"" ends the Italph  Smith  part
V   • BUI here is something the pnli-
Inlv M    -" **0w'     S,11',h  m3m ,''°
vim who
tmi'pires of Europe. It is also nearly six thousand dollars between
eighteen hundred duiluis in the hole
and the property cjualiflcatlpn oi a
Canadian Senator.
X.   X.
.1. H. Hawthornthwaite, M. L. A.,
of Nanaimo, came over to Vancon.
ver on Thursday for the purpose of
consulting with the Provincial Executive Committee in regard to various ads which Parker Williams and
himself propose to bring before the
provincial house this coming sossion.
It is needless (o Bay there will be
lively  doings  timing  lhe  session.
Tim Western Clarion is maMng arrangements to puiilish full reports of
the daily doings in the bouse, which
will make it os exceptionable value-
to those working-men who desire lo
ki't*]i un e.\e on what
the legislature halls.
Tho exact amount paid to the old
employees o! the Haalam mill, says
the Vancouver World, is 153,500. Of
this amount the assignees gave $11,-
000 and the government Sj'J.loo. It
is staled by partial interested in the
transfer of lhe liaslnm estate to the
purchasers, (the Ladysmith Lumiljei
Company and Mr
ihat th
is going on in
agreed ^^^^
S.   Emerson,)
government practically held
transfer until the assignees
to    contribute the   amount
held     up  the  govern-
Com. Borrough, of Victoria, otcu-
pit _ the Chair at last Sunday evening's So ialist meeting in Sullivan
Hall, Cordova Street. Comrade E.
Hums was the speaker of the evening, his subject being "The intellectual   Decline  of  Capitalism."
Said  Com.  Burns in part:
The Socialist, regards tho evolution
from slavery to serfdom; serfdom to
capitalism nnd capitalism to Socialism,  as steps in human progress.
Therefore capitalism is not all had.
On the contrary while ius progress
has bvun accompanied by much suffering, physical degeneration, and
moral confusion it has through its
intellectual leaders played a grand
and noble part in broadening and
deepening the menial horizon of the
Jt hns btrokgn down tin* isoUition uf
nations; liberated science- from the
domination of theologians- taught
the workers the lesson ol industrial
co-oiieration, and secured for the
mass of the people, rights of free
speech and of a free press.
Will this forward movement continue? Will the intellectual leaders
of capitalism continue to broaden
and advance until they reach a position when they will confer upon the
working class the rights and privilege's which all should enjoy?
I fear not.
As I see it capitalism has reached
and  passed  its  intellectual  zenith.
To the superficial o>'**-rvcr it would
seem but natural that the radical or
advancer) wing of capitalist politics
would continue to become more radical until they meet the more moderate of the socialists on a common
But such is not the case. Tho Liberal or radical schools of capitalist
thought, instead of becoming more
socialistic are becoming more conservative or reactionary. Instead of
the gulf between liberals and socialists growing less it is the gulf between litA-rals mnd conservatives
that is disappearing. Nor is this
tendency confined to any one country. 11 appears to bo e-tjually true
of' Great Hritnin, Erunce, Germany
and the United StnteST It has be-
coene a coinmon-pluce with current
literature to deplore the Bcarcitv of
brilliant minds compared to those
that existed forty or fifty ypars ago.
Nor are such regrets mere idle
fancies. Take any profession and
compare the class of thinkers that
capitalism produced fifty years airo
to what it produces today. Especially is this deterioration mademanifest)
if we deduct from capitalism's intellectual crop the brilliant minds that
accept  the  truth of so ialism.
          In English political life,  where   is
the  province at.  that the liberal  leader of  today  that will
two  srines,
. it-fused  his friends  tho us- compare   with   Gladstone  in   intellec-
'' .'■'■' .vt-nrs'   lease;    and   SWOtfdly, tual   power,  versatility  of  ideas,    or
!" ,hl' only M.  P, in the province sincerity of purpose?    Where are the
demanded    that    these  licenses poets     thnt     will  take  the  place   of
""tu lie use,) solelv for the lieno'it I Tennyson, Browning nnd Sw-inbourne
The   novelists  whose  genius     equals
Elliott  or    Charles
tl ul /"' "*''' sol**-.v for the Irenotit
I    f"'e labor, „s far as  the fishing
J* interesting feature of tho a1i»v«
ni-n/en admission that the nu-
lumi,„ir('so"r<1's of tho wuntry   ■»
il„t  t<'V('r ,0 tbe party lnomlier to
-"•led out  i„ ..--... ._..--!. —    •_-
out to party favorites.   We
ML'-"*1 "t0 ,he ytetor Uprongs the
!nj,„,i; Wlls un accepted principle In
l-ti'nsiv N,,oilH woro l**-te   R0
I u,    ''' . w<' knew that the   heads
nrtunit departinonts found ojp-
i Sl/f     to  """-denly  grow  rich,  a
io'i„   "' b!ut ■" *he _bove wc get
.,  '""■""Uion  in  tho  most matter
"ions   rV thlU ,ho resources of the
id ,.,,s a"**ti are farmed out   to
1 -vlllim a     n,0,,','«'1*« to grant   or
just as thc exigencies
"ate w Personal Interests may
to ,.]>,';' "-'O'-miend these facts to
nl.su'r", rn"on ->f those indivi-
' H"o hav,. rallcfd to procure fish-!
1 s in Vancouver Island
■Possibly they
i,  *■? Il
^^^^^^    \vn-
did not   apply
member of Mr.   Smith's
'oiimiittoe.     |An   explana-
t-mi.n i   s,,,,Pli(>-* of the fact that
after t        tho •s,and districts find
"1K-llit'ir,nt'V-'V0|irs co**til*uo'1-- u*h'
|"n is
B i,,....;* . "Ights to fish (Questioned
a late concession.
-'llllho   .1. —"*    **   't*1*"   CUIltus
I, |J» they didn't vot* right.
*" i.i Hi   'nK H(,'P 1rom Miners'
,H 'Ii,H;ns*ng tho natural we«..i.
,s"ict larger than many of tin*
that  of Dickens,
Roado? The philosophers to occupy
the niches niiitle vacant by John
Htriart Mill nnd Herbert Spencor.
Where is the trinity of scientists
whose names reflect the lustre that
surrounds those of Darwin, Tyndal
nnd  Huxley?
In my own memory 1 have seen a
markjed de ter ioa tion of the public
men of my native town, Birmingham,
Half n century ago, Birmingham's
rising manufacturers and merchants
were, almost to a man, radicals in
politics and religion. Many of them
in their early youth had been loaders
in the Chartist movement or Owen's
Socialist propaganda. Even amid
prosperity and affluent circumstances
they were unable to completely divest themselves from the revolutionary ideals of their youth. They had
yet to secure complete political domination. Their enemies were above
them and they made common cause
with the working class to resist the
aggressions of nn Idle landlord aristocracy. The names of George
Dawson, John UriJ-ht, Dr. Dale, Geo.'
Dixon, and Sam Timnions, are but
a few of the men who helped to make
Birmingham a centre of all that was
progressive  anil  healthy  in    English
Whnt is the condition of Birmingham today?
Instead of being overwhelmingly
radical, she ii hopel wslv conservative, lhe sons of those radical leaders, reared in an atmosphire of case
and fulfilled ambition, removed by
one or two generations fiom the
working class which gave them birth
are invariably conservative in politics, conventional in religion and decidedly wanting in conspicuous ability.
Joseph Chamberlain, the one brilliant exception as regards ability,
exemplifies in his own career, the
steady deterioriatio_ of middle-class
ideals. Chamberlain sprung into
prominence as a republican in politics, and was mainly instrumental
in the municipili ation of Birmingham's public utilities, i'ntil the early 80's, Chamberlain was generally
regarded as a wick#d socialist. Since
then he has abandoned on.' by on1,
every principle he originally professed to love, until today, as the apos-.
tie of im-ici'ialism, jingoism and protection, he stands the main bulwark
of the privileged class against the
rising tide of Social democracy. As
an instance of this inconsistency,
when a few years ago, a referendum
vote was taken of the citizens of
Birmingham, as to whether they
should own and oiwrato the street
railway, the whole of the Influence
antl prestige of the Chamberlain family was thrown against the proposition. This in spite of Joseph Chamberlain's oft repealled boast of being
the father of the municipal ownership movement.
In Great Britain's literature, outside of a few socialists like George
Bernard Shaw, Kobt. Blatchford,
Hall Cains, and the late Wm. Morris
the most conspicuous literary lights
are Itutlyard Kipling and Rider Haggard, both of -whom stand as defenders of England's imperial conquests
glorifying bloodshed and robkery as
the acme of constructive statesmanship. Shades of Bright and Cobden;
to what have we descended.
Returning to our own continent,
how fares it in America todav. Wher|q
are the men to compare with Lincoln, W'indall Phillips, Horace Gree-
ly, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt
Whitman and Robert Ingersoll? It
is true we have a John D. Rockefeller, a Tom Lawson of Boston, W. H.
Hearst, of New York City, Chauncey
Depew, of the U. S. Senate and
Theodore Roosevelt, of the Whit-
House. But is a nation advancing
or declining that supercedes the former by the latter type of men. Il
is true that Emerson, Lin-.-oln and j
the others did not comprehend the
trend of modern industrial development, yet their faces were turned towards the light, and their written
and spoken words are an inspiration
to every soldier in the cause of freedom.
In Emerson's essay on self reliance we find the working of a fine
example of his Lowell, had he prophetic vision, could he have foreseen
the events in Russia today. When
he exclaims:
"Are thore in the America of today any really great men in public
Most certainly there are, 'cr does
not the daily press, of both Europe
and America, assure us that in President Roosevelt, we have a man
who combRnes in his own personality
the statesmanahip of a Caesar with
the morals of a Christ. However. I
shall venture to subject this capitalistic prodigy to a little minor criticism. Roosevelt's chief characteristic appears to lie in his contradictions. He is willing to ARBITRATE any dispute to whieh he is
not a party. For this paragon of
piece is never so strenuous as when
advocating an increase in the army
or the navy. He is determined to
assist the authority of federal government to regulate railroad rates,
and yet he expects thc railway companies to supply him wi h private
cars and haul the same free of charge
wher_ver he goes. He is out with
the big stick to smash up the criminal tmists, and'yet in the Frc_f-
dental campaign, the bulk of his
campaign funds came from these criminal  trusts.
Just one concluding incident. In
one of Roosevelt's historical works,
during events of the Revolutionary
Period, he alludes to Thomas Paine,
as "The dirty little athiest." Teddy's attention has been drawn time
nnd time again to the fact that
Paine was not dirty, having been
scrupulously clean and tidy in his
hatltfts; that he was not little, having been two inches taller than Teddy himself, antl lhat Paine was not
an athiest, being a diest and a firm
believer in tho existence of a God.
And yet in his subsecfrient editions
of his works, Roosovelt has never
retracted or modified ono single word)
of his dastardly libel on one of thc
most heroic souls that over suffered
in the cause of human Freedom.
We find tho triumph of neaction expressed, not only in the character of
the public men of tho day, but it
has been pointed out very pertinent--
l.v by the editor of thc International Swlalist Review that hardly anything has lieen achieved in the way
of reform or progressive legislation
during the last ten vears. While the
decade or so previous was <(fcnite conspicuous for the advances made in
factory legislation, political reform,
etc. Also that during a period of
vast commercial exjiansion and rising prices, tho fact that wages have
rnmailned stationary or in some!.(cases-
even declined, ls something unia-tic in
the light of past experiences.
Tho truth is that with the consoli;
dation of capitalist power, the dominant class have become more unwilling to g)rant concessions, either upon,
the economic or political plane.
Next to the United States and
Great Britain, the leading commercial nntioH of today Is Germany.
Here wo find tho strongest, best organized, and most intelligent working class political organization the
world has ever seen. Here, then,
would have been the chance for progressive capitalist party to do something for the people. The liberal
party there have, however, with the
progress of time, become fewer in
numbers and more conservative in
Twenty-five years   ago   they   were
quite progressive; today they are
conservatives in everything but the
Bebel, in his recent speech at Jena
has considerahle to say regarding
the decay of German Liberalism.
(Here the speaker quoted at some
length from Bebcl's Jehu speech.)
Resuming, he continued;
The same reactionary tendencies
which we have observed as accompanying the triumph of caipdtalist ,po*
litical domination in Germany, the
United States and Great Britain are
prevalent in all countries in which
capitalism has fully developed.
This mental degeneration is inherent in the system, and not the result;
of any  accidental circumstance.
Capitalism has attajfned and passed ils maximum of inUUccUial
strength. Henceforth, with its back
turned upon the light of human progress, it will march down the highway of time, until Oblivion, with its
mantle of charity, shall have blotted out  its record forever.
Capitalism's intellectual death is
foreshadowed by three distinct characteristics. First its mental sterility, by the comparatively few men
of ab-llity produced by commercialism
today as compared with the rich.harvest of great minds produced forty
or fifty years ago.
Second, even the occasional intellectuals who appeal1 in the rank- ol
the defenders of present day institutions, are, as a rule, apostles of
force, cimninu nnd oppression, and
compare unfavorably with their predecessors of half a century ago.
"Thirdly, this degeneration Is
manifest in the departure of middle-
class politicians from their former
offorts to extend political and social
power to the workers of the world;
in the alliance of the money-tbhgs
with autocratic privilege and priest-
lv rule. Shall pro'g'ress stop blecauae
capitalist domination can no longer
profit by an extension of human freedom?
No, a thousand times, no. The
burden of human progress must fall
on broader shoulders. A new class
must take up the work of the regeneration of the race."
And to which class must we look
for the emancipation of humanity?
It is to the one which is the most
important and useful in modern society; it is the class that has been
oppressed from the dawn of recorded
history; the class that hi*ars upon
its shoulders the ' blirthens of the
world; the class that, is destined to
absorb all others; the class that by
its emancipation will liberate humanity and convert all individuals
into decent self-respecting members
of society. It is the working class
of which the poet has sung when he
"Sing inward, oh gates of the future.
Sinl; outward ye do-ors of thelpast,,
For a giant  is waking from slumber
And  breaking his fetters at last.
From  the dust where his Toud    tyrants found him;
T'nhonored    and    s. orni _  and   betrayed,
He  shnll    rise     with     the     sunlight
around him
And  rule in    the    realms    ho   has
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Fan-y Odd Parlor Chairs, from $9.00
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Sofa Cushions, $2.00,
Cushion Tops,  50c.
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We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
iii conventi n a rembled, affirm ou-
-llegiance to and support of the principles and prog.an-, of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should *u*tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs tbe product of labor.
The present eCwU' mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker tn ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitate* the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in i
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—thc capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all worker*
to organize under the banner of th*
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, <t capitalist property in
the means oi wealth production (natural resources, factories, tmjfm, rail*
ways, etc.,) into the collective' property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
at possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until th*
present system is abolished, make tbe
answer to this question its guiding
mle of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interest* of th* working
clan and aid th* workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it withe Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party ia absolutely
opposed to it
In accordance with thi* principle the
Socialist Party pledge* itself to conduct all tie publie affairs placed ia
its hands in such a manner as to promote th. interests of the working da**
gl   the undersigned, hereby apply for mtuit ersliip in	
'    Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political apremacy, i.e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket anil thc piogram of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Occupation ,	
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19	
 Chairman  Rec.-Sec.
!       /
>*■*"   . 1'
i;. \
^ffl»«W" routt
SATURDAY   ilfic. i)
Iii.; ;'
♦      eir-_________ a ete*■*_.I___fli M _"**jjr tffl** I l-1 8_____*** *"!""*r^?'-!-"**'13 -,L,_J---ja__cin i ■ ia_-_BB_ssaBgatac JB8a__e-_a_lMi<_-Bba_ic__i-.met      _<_.
3__^aJ***-"»"**s»->»»**'*^-"-*s"-'-*&--S'''*^ m--—_-.*-- •^^frg^W5gg^gi^**_^-Wpy^^*-l^a^s^^^sgE-ig^Cggggq^g^g^SpgSg^ff^Eg^gg^g o
X Edited by R. P. Pi_i__PlE_E, to whom all correspondence tor this department should be addressed. 9
There are only "Ins" and "outs"
as distinguishable between political
parties representing the ruling class.
* *   *
Washington  Coast    comrades    r-re
hereby tendered an invitation to
contribute to this department. Let's
have the news; condense the views.
* *   *
"Ninety-nine per cent, ol all
things with which parliament is occupied are of absolutely no interest
to us and will disappear the moment that the proletariat overthrows
class rule."
* *    *
"If, however, the Industrial Workers of the World accepts the ridiculous anarcho-soclallst position advocated by De Leon and Haggorty and
which is so well satirized in Dcbel's
great speech, then it will soon degenerate into a mere caricature of a
labor movement. •■•»-*■■—■ International  Socialist Review.
Speaking of the Adams' "defalcation" in Seattle, Marion B. Baxter,
in the "Times," says: "-There is no
Question whatever about society being at fault, and that before these
things can be remedied society ltaelt
must be rebuilt, outside and inside.   •   •   «■»'
Sometimes the Socialist Party is
looked upon as a "third" party. To
a man up a tree, it looks as though
it ought to be moved up a notch.
Socialist Party members in B. C,
2; Conservative Party members in
Alberta, 2; Conservative Party members in Quebec, 1. Burial services
ore now in order.
. *    *   *
The only voter that's any pood to
the Socialist Party, is one who
knows why he votes the Socialist
ticket. Popular candidates, etc.,
are delusions. It's not a matter of
"who," but "what" we vote for. I
Last year the Seattle school elections brought out a vote for two
candidates of 1,124 and 1,070 respectively. This year the same vote
with two different candidates dropped to 650 and 553 respectively.
*    *    *
A real orthodox garden party was
recently put on in Tokio, Japan.
The Vancouver World says, editorially of the event: "• • This is a
great forward movement and is further evidence that our Oriental allies are disposed to follow the lead
of Great Britain in the matter of religious toleration. as well as in the
methods of conducting A GREAT
-—"Humane principles" in the art of
wholesale murder, is good.
* *    *
T'We are of the opinion that bjefore
we enter into a great battle we
must first thoroughly organize and
agitate until we have created the political and economic understanddiig,
made the masses self-conscious, and
ready for resistance .and inspired
them for the moment when we can
say to them, ("You must throw everything into the scale now because
a question of life and death for you,
and for all mankind, as fathers and
as citizens is now decided.") "—Extract from Bebel's great speech.
* *    *
The Erfurtur (Germany\ platform,
concludes with these words: ("The
battle of the laboring class against
capitalist exploitation IS NECESSARILY A POLITICAL BATTLE.
The working class cannot continue
their economic battle and develop
their economic organizations without political rights. They cannot
bring about the transition of the
means of production into the possession of society without coming into
possession of the political power.
To transform this battle of the
working class into a conscious and
united movement, aad to point out
its natural and necessary goal, is
the task of the Social Democratic
* *   *
A. L. Kempster, superintendent of
the Seattle Electric company, recently fined one of the company's constructors becauscd he appeared in
court in response to a summons and
gave evidence against the company
In a case in which the latter was defendant. He declared to the conductor that "no employss had a right
to appear in court as a witness in
any damage suit without first notifying the Seattle Electric Corn-
pan]*-" Kempster was perfectly correct. The slave has no rights other
than to obey the master. If he
does not want to do that he is unfit to be a slave and ought to have
his bread and butter cut oil.
* *   *
The Japanese capitalists, with the
assistance of other capitalists of the
world, have secured the "open -door"
in the Far East. The Japanese government has the dominant power in
Korean territory. Now it demands
■hat Japanese residents shall have
a voice in its legislation. But,
.Strang*- to say, no such privilege has
vet been granted to tbe Japanese
workers in their own country—or
what will he their own country.
Capitnlism is capitalism, no matter where you find it. Likewise the
Socialist movement. And the Japanese Socialists are becoming -o active that the gaols will need to be
enlarged for their reception. The Socialist press, too, has a hard time
to live In Japan. But freedom will
The reason fresh eggs are high in
Vancouver is because they are scarce.
As soon as they become plentiful^
the price will go down.
Just so with any other commodity.
Labor-power, the thing a wage-
earner sells, comes within this category.
At this very hour in London, the
unemployed are so numerous that
they have become "ObkioxUius," as
the News-Advertiser terms it.
Practically the same "condition
prevails the world over—a constantly glutted labor market.
There can then be but one tendency—to force wages down to the lifeline, and even below it.
Competition among the workers
for jobs will make this possible.
Thu trades union movement cannot
alter tho iron law of supply and demand.
It cannot fit 100 job-seekers into
50 jobs.
It cannot guarantee a job to anybody, for it doesn't own any.
It is a denial of tho right of everybody to earn a living.
There is no difference between the
hungry stomachs of union or nonunion workers.
They must have food.
To get it they must ha\e a job.
The trades union movement is
founded upon and within the limits
of the wage-system and its every
act admits or implies its commodity
nature—collective dealers in various
brands of labor-power.
Socialism will remove the workers from the unmerciless laws of a
competitive labor market, so that
they will be free to act like men rather than slaves.
It will take their power -.labor),
out of the category of commodities.
It will cease to produce thirgs for
To feed, clothe, shelter, ethical*,
and organize th) workers oi the
world will be its first 'dii..-*.
The Socialist movement has nothing to do with trades-unikmisni.
The latter bos to do with "wages"
"ihours," and what not; the former
seeks to abolish the wage-system
'with all the accursed slavery the
term implies.
We Socialists seek not to shift or
make the yoke less galling, but to
remove it.
We want industrial democratic administration rather than government
by a ruling class composed of an element in society which has not   only
become useless, but positively harmful to the best interests of mankind.
By Dr. W. J. Curry.
Chilliwack, B.C., Dec. 1.—We are
going to have a I've Local here. Old
party adherents are listening; one
of them is now painting a "red flag"
on our club room window, while another contributed a stove and a dozen chairs.
Now we need Hawthornthwaite,
Kingsley, or some good live speaker
to stir things up. * • • I'll have
something more for your department
next week.
Will SpeaK in the
Grand Theatre
Twenty-seven  thousand duly roir,
tered citizens failed to vota '
_i   . • -**1
«<*•**•«*    inSan
rodent    municipal
Francisco,  Cal.    A
■"Nt majors.
those who did vote would ZI^i
better sense had they uw_**°*J
frained. as they cast thS 7 n*
for capitalist candidates , lut8j
the Republican, Democrat* *" i*_■_
Union brand. or Lr-borl
According to the .,,,-j,,. .
poor are great thieves.    tK   *■
records overlook the fact tl 'J S.a"'e
over mav K_ rk_ ........T .""-1 what.
CL'MBEltLANl),  B. 0.
By Charles Webster.
Cumberland, B.C., Dec. 2. — Comrade A. J. Arnason, of Victoria, has
been hustling our ''Clarion" in this
vicinity. He gave a very good lecture last Sunday ovening. The attendance might have been better—
about 50. The weather being a bit
cool, and no stove in the hall, no
doubt accounted for this. However,
those who attended were well repaid
as Com. Arnason certainly did good
work considering the experience he
has had at public speaking. Both
the Clarion and the socialist movement will be benefited through his efforts here
Sunday, Evening,
Dec, 10th, 1905
Doors Open at 7:30 o'clocK *_*■.-,•*
Meeting Opens at 8:00 o'clocK
result of that
practiced upon
.     the
• v. , .        1 hievt-rv
. the workin-r i-u*.   ■
der  what Is known us tho   , uss U1'"
tern.    The polite term t*\ SfJ
of thievery is
term for
Hit Too Early to Look
Admission Free      Discussion       Collection
I      AMONG   TIIE   WORKEHS.       |
o o
Corns. Arnason on Vancouver Island, and Sibble in the interior, are
doing good work for the Clarion
sub. list. Over 2,000 papers were
i-ojuired to fill last week's orders.
"Our own type-setting machine ;
our own power press; our own
type." This can be said by S. P. of
C. members now of the Clarion.
What we want now is thousands
more paid-up readers.
Dy G. Weston Wrigley
Toronto, Ont., Nov. 27.— Toronto
Ixical met Tuesday, 28th. Delegation were present from Jewish, socialists, who reported the organization ol a Jewish branch. Organizer
Gribble is working on the job and
a charter for the branch will pro
bably be given next meeting.
Two new members were enrolled.
The Socialist cluss will meet o
the 1st and 3rd Wednesdays at Coin
rade Robinson's, 226 Brunswick Av
enue.   All  Socialists invited.
Financial report of Cowen's tour
in Western Ontario showed a deficit
of $12, whieh Toronto Local will
have to meet. Severe criticism was
given Com. Cowen for using diction-
arv definitions of Socialism in his
address. The propaganda committee
will do its utmost to choose speakers who will call socialism a scientific movement rather than as being
"identical with the principles ol
Arrangements were completed for a
lecture by Comrade Geo. H. Godbcl
in Toronto Junction on Dec. tf. Goebel is passing through from thc
"Soo"  to Buffalo. B
William Mailly, editor of the Toledo Socialist, will probably speak
in Toronto Jan. 13, and in several
other Ontario points on the same
Comrade O'Brien, Combermere, offers to make an organization tour
of Ontario at low rates and his offer will likely be accepted, but it
may be delayed until spring opens,
and open-air  speaking is possible.
Election of officers of Toronto Local and nominations for municipal
elections will be held on Dec. 12. All
members should attend.
land anh Penticton comrades to such |
an extent that healthy branch locnlsi
are lieing formed at each place.
Peachland local will start with lie-
tween 12 and 15 members, while
Penticton already has 21, with more
'""coming up."
Arrangements arc beinc made by
both locals for the holding of educational meetings and public discussions, also for the dissemination of
suitable literature. Socialism is be-
. ing discussed more than ever before
tin this section, and there is little
doubt candidates will be placed in
the field both in the Okanagan and
Similkame-.n ridings next provincial
Pentietion branch elected the following officers at its last meeting :
Geo. E. Winkler, organili*; J. W. S.
I.ogie, secretary; L .C. Barnes, treasurer.
While no organization of thc Socialist Party exists at present in the
Similkameen, the construction of a
railway through that valley ■ during
the coining year is certain to result
in a large influx of population. As
the new comers will to a great extent be engaged in mining and kindred inil_stries, the outlook is good
for a change in the comp.exion of'th-p(
constituency that may place it in th»j
Socialist column inside of a year or
The present activity in Socialist
propaganda in this district is largely due to the work of a few earnest
and enthusiastic men,—Com. .las. F.
Johnson, of Penticton; (loo. H. Van
Rise, of Peachland, nnd Alex.
Lcnnnn,  of Kelowna.
Exclusive  patterns _re now h.„
some of the choice ones will 1^3]
early,  and  some of tho d»|fM '.
cannot duplicate.     If y„u emerlu
unusual styles it will int«»i
come promptly.
ran to
The Clarion's sub. hustler, Harry
SiUble, reported with another list
of paid-up readers from Salmon Arm
on Mondtoy last. > He is now headings
for the Okanagan Valley, thence to
the Bolundary district. Another
"chase" has been secured by the me-
chanidal department—in which to
"lock" up the new addresses—in anticipation of things to be.
"i* ** I was pleased to notice you
were back in harness again on the
'Clarion,' and would in future take
charge of the Socialist News department. Possibly you have heard rumors that there has been 'something
doing' of late in the Southern Okanagan. Things are getting warm
down this way. Will try and give
you some matter for your department next issue." Yours for revolution.    Geo. E. Winkler, Penticton,
"Clarion received today. News
and Views very good idea—just what)
Clarion needs. Com. King-ley's articles are magnificent, but the paper has been a little too "heavy."
Your department should remedy this.
I'll try and write once a month.
Slaving on a capitalist paper, however, takes moat of what is in me.
It'a a change to write something
that I can put my heart In—something for love rather than for bread-
but still, it's pen-pushing and I don't
want to overdo it. Am sending pay-,
ment for three subs—wish lt was
more. Let me have a list of - what
circulation Clarion has in Eastern
Canada so that I'll know who gets
it. Wouldn't it be a good idea to
do some sampling? • • • Regards
ro all. Yours in Revolution."—-Weston Wrigley, Toronto, Nov. 22.
K. A. P., Calgary—So yotu think
if you were sure of all. the'bread you
wanted you'd be apt to get la-v and
not appreciate such a condition. Using the same mode of reasoning, it
logically follows that you've milt
drinking water lor even beer), and
ceased to appreciate its value for
like reasons. If you get bread under a Socialist administration you'll
have exchanged a pro rata amount
of the social labor.time it took to
produce it. Under Socialism, every
minute you work, It will be for yourself, instead ol four days for the
master and two for yourself, as at
By A. J. Arnason.
Courtenay, B. C, Dec. 2.— Found
conditions in Cumberland much the
same as in Ladysmith. The workers
for the most part are afraid to have
the Clarion come to them openly.
Held a propaganda meeting*- in Cum
berland last Sunday evening, about
50 present. I endeavored to point
out thc wage-slaves' position in present, day society; how they were robbed es producers of wealth through
the wagie-system process; explained
♦ho commodity nature of labor-power, its price (wages), being largely
determined by the same unwritten
law as other commodities—hence its
dependence upon the condition of the
labor market; how machinery was
displacing labor in all lines of industry, thus adding daily to the over-
creasing number of unemployed; the
over-stocked labor market becoming
still more so. And that this order
of things would continue so (long as
the workers permitted others to
own their means of livincr. all of
which is now largely capitalist property. The remedy was, first, to elect men who understood tlieir needs
and recjuirements, and then by vir.
tne of their majority in the legislative halls and power to do so, convert capitalist property into tho
property of the working class. The
workers present listened very attentively to my message, and a number with whom I had conversation
afterwards seemed to feel very keenly the/Dunsmulr oppression here.
But it is such factors as these
that force the growth of our movement, and. soon the rumblings of
revolution—freedom—will not be confined to faraway lands.
During the last three or four
months there has been a decided awakening of interest in Socialism in
the southern portion of the Okanagan Valley.
The first impetus to the movement
was given largely through the organization of a local for Okanaahn rid--
ing at Kelowna, early in September,
with a charter membership ol eight.
Three or four of these were residents
of Kelowna, while Wcstbank, Peachland and Penticton were each represented.
While Kelowna local has shown little growth in the Interval, the orga- ,	
nizfng   microbe   infected the Peach- come a great capitalist
Hy Geo. E. Winkler.
Penticton, B.C., Nov. 27. — On
Thursday, the 16th inst., Com. Earl
I'rather. son of Mr. and Mrs. J. T.
Prather, of White lake, in the South
ern Okanagan Valley, died after an
attack of typhoid fever lasting three
Comrade Prather, though but 19
years old, had been for some time
a member at large of the Socialist
Party of Canada. He was of a
bright, cheerful disposition, and a
hard worker.
In connection with his death, the
Socialists of Penticton jiasscd the
following resolution:
"We, the members of Penticton
" -branch of Okanagan Local, in
" meeting assembled, hereby express
" our heartfelt syiujMtthy with Mr.
" a/nd Mrs. J, T. Prather in.thc sad
" loss of their younjrest son Earl.
" Our sorrow is increased by tbe
" fact that our movement has lost
f* an intelligent and faithful member
""I whose coming years promised much
* usefulness to the groat cause with
" which he had so early identified
" Himself. Thc Socialist Party can
" ill-afford to spare one of its most
" disinterested workers in thc strug-.
" gle for humanity it is waging
"•alga-mst such heavy odds.
"Brief though his life, we feel that
" he has not lived in vain, and his
" brave example will Ire a source of
" pride and inspiration toahose who
"arc left to continue the fight."
Editor Clarion:
A couple of weeks ago I saw
•tho capitalist press where Col.
Holmes was asked "if the young wien
of 11. C. joined the militia would
they be called out to suppress the
working clnss in case of strike
against their employers?" Tho D.
O. C. replied they would not be called out in the district among their
own friends and relations, as lhat
would be too bud.
From this answer we mtgbt bo led
to infer that he had a lot of sympathetic feeling for the workers. As,
however, another bunch could easily
be brought in from some other district, the depth of this feeling mav
be readily determined. If this gentleman is really so tender-hearted ho
might go a step further alonr* this
lino. Tho capitalists have broujght
Chinese and .Japanese here to use as
a whip to beat down the wages of
the white workers. Why not enlist
them to do the trick of (duelling labor distiirlliancos? Thoy could be gotten cheaper than the wbite slaves.
and it would probalily not heart
their reelings no matter what district they might be called into. The
only objection the Colonel could havrj
to this move is that tho strikers
might get enough manhood in them,
in the event of a tUqJUad of Chinamen
being called out to sulnlue them, to
retaliate, which they havo not got
when Ihe white srjuad is knocking
them  down.
My advice to young:men is not to
join tho militia, and to boys not
to join the Church I_uls' llrigiulc, or
if thoy do, they should learn that
they belong to the working class and
should use their guns in defense ^of
thlat class if thoy use thorn at all.
As thoy nro principally recruited
from tho working class, and tho military is maintained hy the sweat
and toil of that class, thc militia
man should use his gun to tk-fond
that class.
It should bo thc duty of every fn-
ther and mother to drill into the
minds of their boys that they should
learn to shoot, and in which direction, should occasion arise. Every
man, to whatever country he belongs will bo founrl ready to repel
invasion, but none should bc willing to invade another country for
thc purpose of killing people thev
have never soon and whom they havo
nothing against.
It is time thnt the workers understood that these capitalist vars are
not of their making, ttet the rn|i-
talists who cause thorn and profit
b.v them do tho fighting. (ioVerfe-
monts send nun out to Mil other
men nnd cnll it war. When a man,
driven to frenzy hy harsh treatment
kills his tormentor thc same government calls it murder, and hangs him
for it. If you kill a lot of people
in bnttlo you are rpiite likely to get
a medal for it. Capitalist morals,
othlcs nnd law is indeed a peculiar
Nantrimo, B.C
Flatiron Hats
The Smartest Soft Hal ol Ihe Settos
These Hats have been •nthusiMtj.
cally received by young mon |ro-
the very first day we lirought thn
out. Neither trouble nor exixm.
has been saved in the production of
these goods, as you will
acknowledge  upon
lit Cordova Street
:        HARDWARE and
5 Second Hand Oealer
largest and cheapest stock nl
Cook Stoves in lhe City.
Room   Chain*,
gors'  Jacks,  Etc.
Augers,  I/ig-
Wc have moved into our new
and   commodious  premise*:
138 Cordova St, East
■Pfceoe 1579       Vancouver, 8. S.
\****w**a*9****mS*******H |
Cash Grocery Store|
We also carry a full line ol Furri-!
ture. on easy payments, nt j>rice» |
that cannot be duplicated. Kindly |
inspect our stock.
Ctr Wettalaster Ave and Harri* Street |
Powell Street, Cedar Cove
Will  try nnd write
few davs.
yon again in a
Revelstoke, !$.(!., Dec. 5.—Comrade
Siljlblc. the Clarion man, has paid
Revelstoke a visit, resulting in 100
or so of Clarion subs, on tlieir, nii»-
siion of emancipation coming to this
town, which should, in the course of
a few months, bo felt in the organized movemi nt here. lie should return in a year and work the town
again, and also take subs. for\ an
Italian paper, also Finn and Swede
Tho local Ts not what it should be
and every meml)or should try to advance the organization. If we forget to work for our own advancement we will have moro energy to
build up tho local. What we need
moro than anything Is a good street
speaker like Lewis or Kingsley. I
hope there will he some of. this
work done here next year, tho Held
is very good.
Dec. 5,
Five yearly sub. cards, $3.75.
Mounting I.ar_r Game Heads « SpeeWtJ
Taxidermist and Furdrws*
tUPtsdirSt Opp Penph'e TfceelM |
iv bi ISHERS
Jimmy invaded an orchard in
ujuest of fruit while Tommy discreetly remained outside the fence. Tho
result of tho raid was throe apples
which Tommy proceeded to divide t,v
keeping the two largest ones for
hlmsolf- _,J-m™y ontered a demurror,
which Tommy scornfully brushed
aside, by remarking, "Huh! dddn't
1 lay de plans?"    Tommy will    be-
72 Cordova St.,   next to   riarvjy'o
There is no homo too small to use Electric Light-   Every
ling should uso it—everybody should use it. ... -JuM
The children—bless them!—they cannot upset   lhe Ll*""       ffitb
and burn the house down.   They can do no harm whatovw
Electric Light. Ho
It can bo lighted or extinguished by a touch of the   ""   Hfl„9.
lamps to clean, no smell of   Coal Oil,  no dlBflguremont »
When a small amount of light ia nocdod, 0 or 1° """'flighter lamps may bo installed, thus reducing the total expense
Ing by this mothod. to tgU
Call and see us in reference to Installing Electric Llgn
the place of your Cool Oil Lamps. ^


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